An Anthology of
Wisdom & Common Sense
On the personal and social changes required to achieve
freedom, peace, justice, enlightenment, progress & prosperity in our time
Index - S1
(1973 - 2012)
START-UP NOTES FOR PANARCHISM, IN OLD CORRESPONDENCE: PAN Startup notes Nov 06 RCBJ, GPdB & JZ. Later partly alphabetized. See the following entry. Somewhat corrected: 16.7.07. - Program, strategy and tactics, start up options for panarchism. Was tun? What Is to Be Done? - A combined file of previous notes. - Mottos: 1.) When asked how panarchism could be promoted and realized and maintained, I am almost tempted to reply with the old German proverb: "Seht ihr den Wald vor lauter Baeumen nicht?" (Don't you see the forest - because of all the trees?) One could also revise this old saying: Don't you see the trees, which make up the forest, because you have only the image of the complete forest in mind? - 2.) Another proverb that seems to me to be relevant is an old Chinese one: "A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step." – Panarchism begins, indeed, with the fist successful secession of one individual or one group of volunteers, and is then followed by millions of others. 3.) Another proverbial wisdom: "Every serious question is really an answer in disguise." - Similarly: "Every problem is only a solution in disguise!" - 4.) Another: "Seek and thou shalt find!" - 5.) Also: "Think globally, act locally!" - 6. Contemplate also: All large affairs consist of many small affairs. - As well as: 7.) "The solution lies in the details."- - - - WHAT IS TO BE DONE? SOME INTRODUCTORY NOTES - - - We are not a party, organization, lobby, pressure group or movement yet, not even a faction, far less an international movement or organization, but just a tiny ideological and scientific splinter group, loosely connected through the Web. - - - On the other hand, we have rightful ideas, traditions, facts, opinions and options on our side. - - - Also solutions to problems like wars, civil wars, violent revolutions, liberation and defence efforts, rightful revolutions and military uprising, unemployment, inflation, stagflation, deflation, economic cries and all too widespread and prolonged involuntary poverty. - - - Potentially, all suppressed individuals, minorities and majorities are our allies. Even all parties, if we draft a constitution for a party for all parties, that promises self-rule to all of them. - - - The transition from ideas to actions and institutions is always difficult and time consuming. - - - There are also very many different paths, steps or approaches to our aims to consider. Not just the one that has presently occurred to one and occupies most of one's attention. - - - So far not even a complete brainstorming or “argument mapping” has taken place on all the ways to realize panarchism for those, who would already appreciate it. - - - I know of no comprehensive address list, and of no systematic discussion of all of the facts and arguments, of no comprehensive bibliography, abstracts, review collection, library or encyclopaedia on the subjectd. Do you? - - - Have you begun to compile your own lists, a collection of all the pros and cons on them and of all the Q’s and A’s involved? And talked it through with others or submitted your compilations to them for their corrections and additions? - - - Have we got a general staff, which has seriously planned or war-gamed all the possibilities? - - - We could and should at least start this effort among ourselves, to survey all the possible routes towards an initial and local and then a wider and wider as well as, finally, the general and permanent realization of panarchism, even if the movement started only in a country district or municipality. - - - Only such a survey will give us a sufficient horizon to fully realize our position and our options. - - - If we seriously consider and discuss all these options then we will be ready for one of them at least, should the opportunity arise. - - - Let me just list a few of them. - - - Later they should all become systematically listed, both by numbers as well as alphabetically by catchwords and together with all their pro and con. - - - Please, do add your own general replies - and then give your imagination quite free reign, in a personal brainstorming effort, to come up with still some more, new and useful suggestions. Never mind those, which are not much good or appealing at their present stage of development. Consider them as mere steps to better answers. Better answers could come to arise out of sheer contradictions to flawed or false ones. - - - I think that at least two different lists of such proposals should be provided: One a consecutively numbered list, one preferably also indicating the author and the date, and the other an alphabetized ones, sorted by significant catchwords. - - - Via the find command other details in such lists, once they become long, could be easily found. - - - Others might arrange the proposals in various groups if they are somewhat related or similar. - - - Should one attempt to state 100 or even 1000 such points or approaches? - - - (Word count tells me that there are already 328 paragraphs in this file!) - - - I found it too difficult to alphabetize the first part, which I here use merely as an introduction. - - - The second and third part were much easier in this respect and are thus included and integrated here in alphabetized form, using the initial catchwords for each entry. - - - Cross-references have so far been omitted. - - - All this is just raw material for better presentations to come, mostly by others. - - - Panarchism and its presentation and publicity for it is certainly a "work in progress", even though only in slow progress. - PIOT, - JZ, 18. 11. 06. - - - - Instead of a formal introduction I offer here two recent email exchanges with two friends, 1.) Richard C. B. Johnsson and 2.) Gian Piero de Bellis - - - I do hope to get finally still more input from both of them. Alas, both are also very busy with other projects and with their private lives. - Well, "all good things take their time", as a proverb has it. - JZ, 18.11.06. - - - 1. ) Recent email by RCBJ: Dear all, I have a thought related to this subject. I hope you'll excuse me if it appears silly to you. - Many people try to have their freedom, their way of life, by taking it. - Under territorial monopolism this means that other people might be stopped from having their freedom, their way of life. My thought comes from the old Latin proverb "do ut des", I give in order to receive. What if we started by giving other people a chance to have it their way, in order for us to have it our way (whatever that might be). - - J.Z: I like the distinction between "taking, making and faking". But one can also take or usurp the own liberty and rights without taking any rights and liberties from others. Can you put an author, title, page and time period to this Latin proverb? (I think it is a very good policy advice. - JZ, 7.10.11. It is, somewhat, comparable to Bastiat’s remark: “Society is exchange.” - JZ, 4.8.12. - - - I live right now in a "kommun" called Vellinge, a kommun being sort of a county, where we have the lowest income tax rate in the country. 67% voted for the conservative party Moderaterna in the latest election, with another 25% voting for other right wing parties. This would seem to be a rather good place to live for many conservatives and libertarians. - - JZ: To relocate, choosing the least bad location, when job choice, accommodation and other commitments and considerations permit this, is a wide-spread practice. US libertarians e.g. try to concentrate in a State, which is least statist. Others, for thousands of years, have tried emigration to other countries. - - Panarchism tries for legalization of internal "migration" or separatism, without relocation but with more or fully free individual choice of the political, economic and social system that one prefers. - - Any step in this direction that can be freely taken or easily introduced should be welcomed and publicized, as soon as this is wise to do. - - If one were to prematurely publish or even brag about such liberty options, then this might arouse animosity and lead to oppression and elimination again - of the few liberties gained. (That happened sometimes to advocates of the New Country movement, who published their existence long before they were quite firmly established.) - - - However, the minority of left-wingers still aren't allowed to have it their way, and actually, neither do other parties. Moderaterna might seem to be the only party that can have it their way, but they are of course to a very large extent forced to do what the central Gov't likes it to do. Thus, very few (JZ: or only the local majority, with the consent of the majority of the federation) can have it their way. While perhaps appealing to many conservatives and libertarians, not very appealing to a panarchist, I suppose. These conservatives and libertarians in charge want to have it their way, and in a way do not practice that old proverb. - - What if I or somebody else tried to convince the local majority party of Moderaterna to let the non-Moderater have it more like they want? - For example, why not invite the left-wingers to pay higher taxes? - - (JZ: Under panarchism, via voluntary membership, all taxes would be voluntary and as high or as low as members want them to be. Moreover, these volunteers would then also have their own budget for their own expenditures.) - - - Why not allow them to own things together? Etc. - - (JZ: That is already possible, legally and juridically, but not yet applied to public utilities of their own, without a monopoly, which they might purchase or establish.) - - - That might appeal to many people that generally are appalled by privatization and things like that. - Of course, many left-wingers might object since they mainly want others to pay higher taxes, but that might also be a good way of exposing such hypocrites. - - (JZ: Would they be appalled by privatization if they would get their own financial stake in it and it would be left to them to use them for further socialist experiments or private purposes, according to their own preferences? See my privatization proposal in PEACE PLANS 19 c.) - - I hope you understand my main point, although I certainly haven't put it forward in the best way. - - (JZ: As panarchists we are actually the only people who could and should form or support a party that is in favor of all parties, in the meaning of removing all obstacles for them that would prevent them from realizing their own party platform among the own party members and voters, thus giving them a chance to demonstrate practically - how good - or how flawed their party program is. If they should fail, by comparison with other panarchies, then they would only have to blame themselves, for their own mistakes and would merely have to remove their mistakes, probably with the applause and good wishes of their former opponents. Almost everyone admires people who make their own mistakes, at their own risk and expense and manage to learn from them to avoid them in the future. Unfortunately, the US LP is not yet such a party. It still thinks mainly in terms of territorial secessionism and decentralization. - - -Do you know of any such attempts? - - (JZ: To a limited extent people are still free to make e.g. their own insurance, credit and transport and adjudication arrangements, but never quite autonomously, independent of the existing territorial legislation and jurisdiction. Even a sports umpire is an example for this. So are the judges in an exhibition or fashion show. We do have some somewhat independent private schools, but not quite free from the decrees of Parliament and the governmental Education Departments or mis-education administrations. Even some private "public" libraries do still exist and some private universities, or were founded not so long ago. And more and more government activities have become privatized, although the financial incomes from this was mostly handed over to the bureaucrats and politicians rather than to the tax payers and others of the victims of territorial governments and tribute gatherers.) - - - If they were made practical they would serve as a great example to follow, don't you think? - - (JZ: Indeed. But this would have to be preceded by a successful persuasion attempt or propaganda attempt for panarchistic ideas and tolerance, contrary to the official and territorial intolerance, supported by unity, equality and uniformity notions, as if these would form the basis for justice, independence, peace and prosperity for all. The concepts of "independence" and "self-government", of "democracy" and or "republicanism" and of "public interest", as well as "one law for all!" and "one and an equal vote for all", are still all too much "married" with - or joined to - territorialist notions and wrongful or flawed ideas of "subversion", "treason" and "loyalty" are still all too much connected to the territorial model. - - The exterritorial and voluntary alternatives, in the most important spheres, are still largely out of sight, out of the literature, out of the Web and thus out of the minds. (That situation is, gradually, changing now. However, a new kind of development and ecology philosophy, which is using the term panarchy, very different from its meaning for freely chosen political, economic and social systems, has spread even faster over the Web. - The Web, like other mass media, also has its fashion cycles. - JZ, 7.10.11.) - - When one tries to weigh the importance of the educational or ideas struggle against the action or realization or institutionalization proposals and efforts, one should keep in mind one remark by Prof. Carl J. Friedrich, The New Belief in the Common Man, 1942, 1943, 1945, 1949. (Friedrich was a friend of Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen, from their student days.) It was published by The Vermont Printing Company, Brattleboro, Vermont, USA, bottom of page 49: "Americans have come to despise theory to such an extent that they have completely forgotten Ralph Waldo Emerson's "thoughts rule the world." To them, a theory is almost by definition "something wrong". It is the beauty and the terror of a revolutionary age such as ours that theories are probably the most important 'facts' altogether." - - The bold print of the last part was introduced by me. I, too, am a strong believer in the value, influence and power of ideas - provided only that they are properly marketed and that requires the establishment or improvement or use of many kinds of marketing facilities. It is all too often and quite wrongly assumed that a free market for ideas and talents does already exist and also that sufficient freedom of expression and information for them do exist, so that the supply of and the demand for them can easily and fast meet and satisfy each other, world-wide. (The limited effects of the libertarian prolonged propaganda or enlightenment efforts so far, often by very talented people and over long periods, should have convinced anarchists and libertarians that a genuinely free market does not yet exist in this sphere. For it would have brought supply and demand in this sphere together, thereby, perhaps, causing the most significant chain-reaction. - - It is also quite wrongly believed that all flawed and wrongful notions are already, under the present systems, sufficiently and permanently resisted, or effectively refuted - rather than upheld e.g. by most mass media, public libraries, conferences, universities and "scientific" institutes, papers, studies, laws and jurisdictions. - - In the "social sciences" and their practical application we are, instead, still all too much ruled by popular myths, errors and prejudices with the constitutional, legal and juridical backing by most of the official and supposed experts, partly elected by popular votes even if often only by a slim margin. - - This slimness of the margin indicates another one of our chances, namely to introduce "biarchism" first, instead of "multiarchism", so that, initially at least both of the major parties get and can retain what they want, at least for their voluntary followers and voters, as long as they still have either of them or a sufficient number. There would, then, not longer be struggles for self-preservation of one's present power and position and revenue or total victories at the polls over opponents. They, too, when defeated in an election, even by a “landslide” victory, could, then continue to apply their ideas among themselves, among their remaining volunteers, at their own risk and expense, as long as they can manage this, independent of any further election results. Membership lists would largely take the place of lists of voters registered for elections. - - Just like membership contributions, agreed upon, would take the place of taxes. (What an important and at least potential "sales" aspect for panarchist institutions and policies this is, already on its own!) - (Once the two major parties achieved this kind of freedom for their members, the minor parties and other minority groups would soon come to claim the same right and opportunity to do their things among their members. - JZ, 7.10.11, 4.8.12.) - - However, due to the prevailing flawed ideas and opinions, this approach goes very much against the customary and popular concepts, widely spread and applied even among libertarians and anarchists, who in this respect are not so radical and freedom-, justice-, peace- and voluntarism-loving as they believe to be.) - - - Not even an anarchists or minarchists might come up with a thing like this. I believe it takes a panarchist to suggest it. Why not give in order to receive? - - (To them their system - and to you your own! - JZ, 7.10.11.) (JZ: Indeed! Free exchange [freedom of contract, freedom of association and disassociation - JZ, 7.10.11.] even regarding forms of States and of alternative societies. To each is conceded his own. To that extent all would be the winners, without any "defeated" and dissatisfied people remaining. All would get what they wished for - and many would soon regret their choices - but would no longer be indefinitely bound by them. They would be free to change their allegiance or loyalty, without having to fear e.g. treason trials. - - However, they might still risk being declared deadly enemies by fundamentalists or scientologists and become severely or somewhat prosecuted, as a result, by such people and organizations, as long as the idea of mutual tolerance has not yet taken hold or not yet sufficiently. - - Comprehensive propaganda combined with panarchist actions would tend to shrink intolerant fundamentalism, totalitarianism and authoritarianism more and more. - - Better ideas and practices would tend to replace them, by free individual choices, defections and new alliances.) - - - Any thoughts? Is this an idea worth exploring? Has it already been done? - What really clever examples might one come up with that might appeal to both those in charge and those not? - Sincerely, Richard - - (You know the largest and best known example, that of religious liberty or religious tolerance. Add to it e.g. the spreading recognition of at least basic human rights even for opponents. Also: freedom of contract, association and disassociation, monetary rights and liberties, weapons, resistance and defence rights and others, especially economic liberties, like property rights, right to trade freely and to produce freely, to migrate and settle freely, are not yet sufficiently recognized in most governmental and private declaration of individual rights and liberties. Thus much work has to be done to develop and make popular an optimal declaration of this kind, to express, realize and to protect them much better than laws, politicians and bureaucrats ever would or could. - - Capitalist societies and governments have long permitted socialist experiments among consenting adults. But statist socialists were not so tolerant and for a long time did not permit any capitalist experiments among consenting adults. Since they did, they did make some economic progress. - Examples and precedents? All the historical and contemporary examples for them have not yet been sufficient compiled, compared surveyed and published. - - I heard only recently through some visitors to my second son, Thomas, visitors who came originally from Chile and are now his workmates in Sydney, that in Chile cantina money, called fichas, is no longer legally issued in remote mines of Chile, where the living standard is low, shopping facilities are poor and quality goods are not offered in quantities and great variety at reasonable prices. - - The mine owners had long made themselves independent from the usually inflationary or deflationary policy of the Chilean governments and the credit policies of its banks, by paying the agreed upon wages [Or by paying them advances upon their wages, which worked just as well. - JZ, 7.10.11.] largely in their own "fichas", or certificates in money denominations, accepted in the companies' very well supplied stores, where they could buy almost everything cheaper, with their fichas, received in payment of wages, than with government money in the few other local stores. - They could even get loans in form of fichas, later gradually deducted from their wages. - - Here, too, the clock was turned backwards. This remnant of monetary freedom was abolished rather than expanded. (Compare the writings of Richard H. Timberlake on how far this practice was once applied, even in the U.S.A. – JZ, 4.8.12.) The usual objections against this system by trade unionists and State socialists could have been effectively quenched by these canteen shops being converted into consumer coops run by the workers and the clerical staff, as Ulrich von Beckerath had suggested. Then the employees could have become money lenders of the employers, discounting the commercial bills received by their employers for their sold output, with the shop currency of the consumer coop, at least to the total of the wages and salaries paid - a significant change of role-playing. – JZ, n.d. & 4.8.12.) - - PS. This is the longest text I have written in a year so please excuse me if it was too long, short, boring, or whatever. - - (JZ: I think it was neither. But it seems that writing is so difficult that it requires almost constant and extensive practice to lead to some improvements. And writing about social problems has always had the additional problem of trying to deal with large and difficult subjects and this with a language which was not invented for such purposes. Thus all of us had and still have some difficulties in expressing our thoughts at least to our own satisfaction. We should console ourselves with the fact that most of even the famous writers still needed some editorial help or suggestions from friends or family members. Nobody is perfect. Otherwise, the perfect advocates of truths and facts would have gained the field long ago. - U. v. Beckerath asserted that Heinrich Heine was so exceptional a writer, even with his first draft, that no other word could be added and no word subtracted from his writings, without deteriorating them. True of false? I do not know. I never tried myself as a literary critic and would probably have failed at that, too. - Alas, the daily chores and commitments can often be too large for prolonged writing efforts. I am lucky in this respect, by living alone and no longer having to earn my bread. - JZ) - - - - 2.) Gian Piero de Bellis, 9 November 2006, to John Zube, Cc. Christian Butterbach; Richard C. B. Johnsson; Uwe Timm; Benjamin Marks. Re: 06 11 07 GPdB, CB, RCBJ, UT, BM Minority rights, Israel & Panarchism. - - John, I have read your message about the book on Israel. - - Clearly the only way to solve territorial problems affecting large groups of people is to abandon territorialism. - - Nevertheless we are still stuck in this feudal way of administration and no one in the popular media or in the academic circles seems to question territorialism or knows anything about panarchy. - - Personally I think we should do something besides the Internet. We have already discussed about the paper option (printing and circulating booklets) so I don't want to go again into it (I will probably start something in that direction towards the middle of next year). - - My question (addressed not only to you) is: what can be done, besides circulating ideas on the Internet, to put the overcoming of territorialism as a burning matter sensed and debated by many people? - - (JZ: I do still hold that much more could be compiled and offered, very cheaply, on CDs and external HDs, whole special libraries, including many special encyclopedias, handbooks and collections. - - One of the handbooks should list all the start-up options or proposals for panarchism that have so far been discovered or proposed. - - The ready market for such information is almost non-existing but the potential market for it, if such ideas are properly expressed and marketed, is immense. - - In the meantime, we can continue to search for and compile such information, sharing it via emails and email attachments. - JZ) - - Interesting or stimulating answer are awaited (if possible). - - (From anyone! - Which ones are interesting, stimulating, practicable or the best ones - let the readers decide and act on them, for themselves. - Like in religion, the natural sciences and in the arts, the opinions, ideas and practices will tend to differ, panarchistically. But ultimately, as the old proverb has it, "all the roads lead to Rome". - JZ) - Where and how to start? I believe there is rather a multitude of option than a real scarcity of them. - - - - 3. Greg Sheridan had an article headed "The myth of one China" in THE AUSTRALIAN, October 10, 2006, page 8. It deals with the controversy between Mainland China and its claim to sovereignty also over Taiwan, not only over Tibet etc. It is almost as if e.g. France, Germany, Spain, Italy and a few other European States would also claim sovereignty over England, just as England once claimed it over all of Ireland. - - If the proximity of an island [Formosa or Taiwan] provided any territorial rights, then all countries divided merely by a land border, could then rightfully claim the land on the other side of that border. - - All too many imperialists did, again and again. - - A racial or religious or ideological unity cannot be claimed, either. Mainland Chinese are very diverse, too and have still remnants of original native populations among them, from the time before the Han Empire was built up and expanded more and more. [56 different ethnic groups have been stated for parts of the political territory of mainland China. Certainly not all of them were always quite satisfied with centralized territorial rule. - JZ, 7.10.11.] How expansionist from small beginning the Chinese Empire really was is largely forgotten because its origins go such a long way back. - - The "right" of the Mainland China government to Taiwan is no greater than e.g. Hitler's "right" e.g. to Czechoslovakia, Poland, the Ukraine etc. At most it could be "based" on conquest and occupation and consent by a part of the whole and diverse people in these regions. - - The article mentions nearly 10 000 Taiwanese students in Australia and a permanent Taiwanese Australia community of 60 000. - - Alas, it does not mention the size of the Chinese population in Australia, that of its students studying here and that of the Chinese who have long or recently become Australian citizens. - - In order to promote a just and therefore panarchistic solution for this Mainland vs. Taiwan controversy, the best approach would be to permit all the present and future Taiwanese and Chinese in Australia at least three choices: a) to become and remain Australian citizens. - - b) to become and remain subjects of Mainland China. - - c) to become and remain subjects of Taiwan. - - Not that other options, preferred by them, should be denied to them. - - These main options should also be offered in Taiwan, to Mainland Chinese, to Taiwanese and to immigrants to Taiwan from other countries, as well as to the remaining natives of Taiwan. To all of them exterritorial autonomy should be offered, on a voluntary basis. - - For Chinese in Taiwan it would be especially important to give them not only the option to become communist Chinese, living und a corresponding constitution, laws and jurisdiction but also to form Chinese communities with quite different aims, principles, methods and institutions to those of the communist Chinese Mainlanders, and to those of the present Taiwan government, all by individual choice. - - How many of the inhabitants of Taiwan would decide for themselves for each of the alternative communities - would be very instructive. - - The claim of the Mainland Chinese government to ALL of Taiwan and to ALL of its population could thus become greatly and publicly deflated. - - The practice and the advocacy of this individual choice and community tolerance for diverse communities would also exert a pressure upon Mainland Chinese to ultimately permit a similar diversity there as well, just as it has, finally and all too late, after many millions of human sacrifices, permitted a degree of capitalistic and market activities and practices to appear in Mainland China, obviously to its own and very great economic advantage. - - When it finally comes to the collapse of the Mainland Chinese government, just like the Soviet one collapsed, or to a military or popular revolutionary violent uprising against it, or to its peaceful overthrow, largely by most or even all its past supporters deserting it, the panarchistic alternative for Mainland Chinese would be attractive to all its diverse groups, most of them all too long persecuted or suppressed minorities, perhaps, between them, if all the communist factions are included, even forming the majority. Finally, the territorial communist regime might come to collapse just like Mussolini's regime collapsed. - - But the remaining few (still at least a few million, probably) true believers would not have to give up all hopes and expectations and their “achievements”. Among themselves they could continue with their old practices, laws and institutions, but from then onwards only at their own risk and expense. No uniform territorial democracy and no "capitalistic" system or other system should be forced upon them. It should all be a matter of free individual and voluntary group choices. Thus the resistance against this change would be minimized. - - The panarchistic alternative would not embody the injustice of the old unequal treaties between China and foreign powers. It would rather resemble what equal treaties should have offered the Chinese then, and more. Namely, e.g. the voluntary retention of Chinese laws and institutions among those, who preferred them and also the kind of variety of Chinese institutions which Chinese would prefer for themselves among themselves - in China and also anywhere else in the world, where they live. It would also offer but not impose much more in rights and liberties than Western or other Eastern territorial governments (e.g. Russian and Japanese ones) were prepared to offer them then or are prepared to offer them now. - - There would also be some exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers that would make no distinctions by race, religion and ideology but would subscribe e.g. to the one man one vote system or to any other voting system for all their voluntary members, in typical modern democracies. - - To assume that a single and uniform system would or could be beneficial or even optimal for all of 1,300 Million people, as diverse as "the" Chinese also are, is quite absurd. - - Moreover, then the various Chinese in Mainland China would no longer be confined to this "Kingdom of Heaven" but the world would be their oyster, too. They could join one or the other group of overseas Chinese or mix, as they individually like, with any of the other populations and communities in other countries that would be prepared to accept them, like e.g. Chinese are large accepted already in Australia, among ca. 140 other ethnic people. Or they could establish their own kinds of somewhat changed or reformed Chinese societies and governments in all other countries. - - I for one have no objections against e.g. Chinese becoming as omnipresent as e.g. Englishmen, Americans, Frenchmen, Italians, Germans and Jews are and, by now, also Australians. - - The panarchistic option, seriously advocated and realized in those countries, where it could already now be realized without too great resistance against this change, would sooner or later lead to the collapse of the monolithic system in China. Not only the inherent flaws of its governmental system would lead to this but the inherent strengths and attractions of the panarchistic alternative. - - Naturally, the myths of one nation, one people, one State, should not only be rejected and resisted for China and Taiwan but for all other countries, States and populations as well. E.g. for England, France, Germany, Russia, USA, Israel, Sudan, Iraq, Afghanistan, Palestine, Iran, North- and South Korea, Japan, Ireland, Spain, Italy, etc., etc. Everywhere the people and their ideas and opinions are much too diverse for that. - - All territorial States ought to become dissolvable, down to the individual and by individual choice. At the same time, all individuals should become free to associate exterritorially and autonomously on whatever basis they prefer, locally, within present nation state borders and internationally and worldwide as well. - - Who could rightly object if it would always be done only at the own risk and expense? - - Imagine international computerized "conferences" would become organized, on special websites, in which such alternatives to present governmental conferences, proposals and treaties would be quite frankly and thoroughly discussed, to solve the problems which governments, even with the best will and intentions were unable to solve so far, for decades, just because they are territorial governments, with all their inherent disadvantages, difficulties and impossibilities, which also lead to their military weakness and to their absurd ABC mass murder powers. - - Or electronic "argument mapping" of the kind proposed by Paul Monk, ANU, Canberra, et al, would be applied to this Question. – CHINA, FORMOSA, TERRITORIALISM, TAIWAN, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY OR SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL VS. COLLECTIVIST TERRITORIAL & COMPULSORY MONOPOLISTIC SOVEREIGNTY, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, ALL ONLY FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS.
START-UP OPPORTUNITIES FOR PANARCHISM: See: Opportunities, War & Peace Aims, Revolution Program, monetary revolution, tax strikes, voluntary taxation, Secessionism - individual and group secessionism, International Federation of Minorities favoring personal law communities of volunteers, Parties, ON PANARCHY encyclopedia, Dropping out point by point: Private Education, Free Banking, Private Insurance, Arbitration Courts, Alternative Institutions, governments-in-exile. In very general terms: Extending the principles of tolerance and freedom of action and experimentation into spheres so far preempted by territorial governments. This could be done e.g. via new declarations of individual rights and liberties. Educational start-ups: Freedom in education, a genuinely cultural revolution, including e.g. Ideas Archive, Refutations Encyclopedia, Open Air Speaking Centers, Discussion Centres, Comprehensive Publishing using alternative media like microfiche, floppies, CDs, a general libertarian encyclopedia, a libertarian library - selling cheap duplicates in alternative media, libertarian bibliographies, abstracts, reviews, indexes, directories, flow-chart discussions, using all IN options, but without relying on them alone. Starting a new science of politics, one not confined to territorialism. Minorities ought to made enlightened enough to become the first to reject, together with all other minorities, territorial rule and territorial aspirations. Governments-in-exile, all to be fully recognized as representing all their present and future volunteers - wherever they might be living. International treaties granting exterritorial autonomy to all volunteer communities. Revolutions: According to Johann Gottlieb Fichte’s 1793 book on the French Revolution, all revolutions are already characterized by individual and group secessionism and alternative revolutionary institutions. Alas, operated mainly by territorialists, they neglect their exterritorial alternatives, which would make their revolutions relatively easy and lastingly effective - even though only for their own affairs, while others would conduct their own revolutions, with their own kind of changes, whether conservative, reactionary or "progressive" ones. Revolutions aiming at exterritorial autonomy for all dissenters would be genuinely anarchist and libertarian revolutions and would make the achievement of various forms of anarchism and of libertarianism, all only for their followers, relatively easy. By denying themselves this opportunity they are their own worst enemies. Panarchism could also be imposed by a victorious government upon the people of a defeated despotic government, in order to make sure that no new territorial government could arise and become aggressive again. Alas, the Allies failed to impose this kind of peaceful condition upon Germany after WW I and WW II. Extending the principles of free enterprise, free contracts, free competition, as applied by business enterprises, charities, insurance companies and protective services. Extending the internal autonomy of national and international corporations, societies and companies, without any privileges, monopolies and subsidies by any territorial governments. Extending the principles and proposals of Jerome Internoscia in his New Code of International Law, 1910, reproduced in my PEACE PLANS series. An ideal militia to be started to protect all individual rights and liberties, including the panarchist and monetary freedom ones. The militia itself to be exterritorially autonomous, locally, nation-wide and internationally. The main rights it should defend would be individual secessionism and voluntary association to exterritorially autonomous communities, societies and governance systems. In other words, comprehensive decentralization, embracing the exterritorial autonomy options, not only the territorial ones. This might, however unlikely, start with some geographical secessions, within which exterritorial secessions are also permitted. (Not outlawed, like the Biafrans did when they tried to secede from Nigeria.) Mere public declarations of intentions for future tolerant and voluntaristic societies, that would permit individuals and groups to secede, could already become influential. A comprehensive history of personal laws and exterritorially autonomous communities would help. Resistance and freedom fighters of all kinds, should all have a corresponding program for the future for all their ideologies and movements. Especially seeing that most revolutions so far did not have a good program and the ones they had were largely different and sometimes opposed to each other. Even the present Tea Parties and Libertarian Parties do have their diverse factions and not a consistently libertarian program. This exterritorial autonomy option for all kinds of volunteers would be essentially anarchistic and libertarian, and also appealing to statists wishing to do their things to themselves. Correspondingly tolerant libertarian futurism and utopism and panarchistic writings would be a great help in the spread of such ideas and systems and thus, finally, in their realization.
START-UP OPTIONS FOR PANARCHIES: Instead of a thoughtful conclusion to my long compilation of 87 notes on START-UP options for panarchism, I offer here a letter of Ulrich von Beckerath, that suggests that we act as an ally of nature in our struggle to realize panarchism for ourselves and others. An extensive reliance on its processes and methods is certainly in most cases more successful than reliance on Gods and masters, politicians and bureaucrats. If any find the letter interesting enough, then they might also attempt a translation of it. - In my opinion it is one of the many pearls to be found in this correspondence. - JZ, 18. 11. 06. - LET NATURAL PROCESSES OPERATE! - JZ, 7.10.11. - - Ulrich von Beckerath, 29. 12. 51. Lieber Herr Rittershausen, - meinen Bemerkungen zu dem Buch von Prof. Dr. Rüstow möchte ich noch folgendes nachtragen: Kant lehrt die fortschreitende Sozialreform als einen Naturprozess anzusehen, ähnlich dem Wachstum eines einzelnen Menschen. Die Natur produziert zunächst einmal Männer (sogar auch Frauen), denen das ganze, derzeitige Abhängigkeitssystem nicht mehr passt, denen es nicht mehr passt, dass sie von irgend welchen Durchschnittsmenschen die Arbeitsgelegenheit zugeteilt erhalten, dass sie von andern Durchschnittsmenschen das zum Leben nötige Zahlungsmittel bewilligt erhalten (und sei es durch Zuwendung von Kundschaft) und überhaupt keinen Handgriff tun dürfen, ohne dass irgend so ein galvanisierter Erdenkloβ es erlaubt. - - - Von dieser rebellischen Mentalität im Unterbewusstsein bis zu klaren, technischen Vorstellungen darüber, wie die neue Organisation auszusehen habe, ist zwar ein langer Weg, aber doch kein so langer, dass ihn der (bessere) Mensch nicht zu gehen vermöchte. - - Die Natur selbst arbeitet ja hier, d.h. die gleiche Kraft ist hier am Werke, die schon allerlei Sonnensysteme geschaffen hat und vielleicht noch schwierigere Dinge. - - Kant lehrt (im "Ewigen Frieden"): Leute, stemmt euch nicht gegen die Natur!! Die ist viel stärker als ihr! Kommt der Natur entgegen, helft ihr auf ihrem Gang, und ihr werdet die Linie des geringsten Widerstandes gehen. Eine Linie des Widerstandes Null gibt's allerdings nicht. Eine Gesellschaftsordnung nach pazifistischen Grundsätzen aber ist das Endziel der Natur. - - (Ausführlich in der "Kritik der Urteilskraft", Par. 83, dargelegt.) - - In der Religion (Reclam'sche Ausgabe, S.110), spricht Kant von "ethischen Gemeinschaften" (Kirchen, Sekten, Arbeitsgemeinschaften, Vereinen für Sozialpolitik, etc.) als einem Instrument des "ethischen Fortschritts", d.h. der Sozialreform. - - Kant sagt: da solche Gemeinschaften Menschenwerk sind, so versagen sie immer nach einiger Zeit. Dann müssen eben auf Grund der gemachten Erfahrungen neue gegründet werden. Die fortwährende Neugründung gehört mit zur Sozialreform; ein Verkennen des hier vor sich gehenden Naturprozesses wäre es, durch das Versagen der "ethischen" Gemeinschaften entmutigt zu werden. - - Auf S. 150 zieht Kant eine weitere Konsequenz aus seiner Erwägung, dass es sich hier um einen Naturprozess handelt. Naturprozesse geschehen nach Naturgesetzen, und Naturgesetze sind nicht auf unsern Planeten eingeschränkt. Es liegt also hier etwas vor, das nicht weniger kosmische Bedeutung hat wie etwa ein Blitzschlag oder ein Grashalm. - Nur ein Kant durfte es wagen, hier Andeutungen zu geben, ohne von den Praktikern gleich als Phantast abgefertigt zu werden. Gegenüber Kant würde ein solcher Anwurf auf den zurückfallen, der ihn erhebt. - - Soviel in grosser Eile! - Mit bestem Gruss - Ihr gez. U.v.Beckerath. - U. v. BECKERATH. - I for one find Nature, as a slow trial and error system, advancing gradually - over thousands, millions and even billions of years, in some of its spheres, to be a more acceptable hypothesis. - JZ, 7.10.11. – For the time being, I leave it to others to provide an English translation of this remark. – JZ, 31.1.12. - NATURE & NATURAL PROCESSES, AIM OF NATURE: A FREE & JUST SOCIETY? IF THERE WERE A CREATOR & ONE COULD JUDGE HIM BY THE PRESENT CONDITION OF HIS PRODUCT, ONE COULD ONLY PRONOUNCE HIM TO BE A MAD ONE.
START-UP OPTIONS FOR PANARCHISM. 87 ALPHABETIZED SECTIONS: 1. ALLIANCE BETWEEN ALL KINDS OF ANARCHISTS & ALL KINDS OF LIBERTARIANS, TO ACHIEVE EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL OF THEM AS WELL AS FOR ALL STATISTS? So far most of them are not even ready as yet to concede full exterritorial autonomy to each other, far less to all governmentalists prepared to do their things only to and for themselves. But such an alliance could be a new beginning, just like Murray N. Rothbard tried to unite the Left and the Right as far as possible, for common objectives. - A crystallization point for panarchism has to be established somewhere. The rest could then follow almost like in a chain reaction or like the sudden icing-up of over-cooled water. - JZ, 21. 11.06. - - 2. ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: Panarchies are fundamental and comprehensive alternative institutions. Compared with them all other alternative institutions are more or less trivial only or mere beginnings. - JZ, 27.3.92, 13.1.93. - Panarchies are as complete - or incomplete - alternatives as individuals want for themselves. - JZ, 4.9.04. - - 3.) ALTERNATIVE JUSTICE INSTITUTIONS. ARBITRATION & FREE JURY SYSTEMS. CONSULAR JURISDICTION. REMAINING PERSONAL LAW TRADITION TO BE EXPANDED. - - 4.) ALTERNATIVE MEDIA & PANARCHISM: See: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION & FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, FROM - , TO FREEDOM OF ACTION & FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, IN EVERY SPHERE: Not even the humble floppy disk, far less CDs, are sufficiently utilized to record and spread the writings on panarchism. - These and the more powerful options, like DVDs and external HDDs would certainly be affordable media to spread panarchistic messages. Alas, neither for these media, used as text media, nor for panarchistic texts has a sufficient and ready market been built up so far. - JZ, 21. 11. 06. - - 5.) ALTERNATIVE PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS, FULLY AUTONOMOUS ONES: Those licenced by governments do already, with security men, outnumber, in many countries, the official police forces. - - 6.) ANTI-MONOPOLISM & PANARCHISM: Ulrich von Beckerath and Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen have written much about "anti-monopolism" as a unifying idea and method for freedom, peace, justice, prosperity and progress lovers. Perhaps many others have done so as well by now. Their writings should be combined, at least in bibliographies, if not in full texts on CDs etc. - - Naturally, unanimously and voluntarily granted monopolies, within some exterritorially autonomous communities should be respected, even if they practise e.g. an exclusive religion or ideology etc. among themselves. These monopolies would have no involuntary victims. - - The most radical application of anti-monopolism is, probably, panarchism. That strength should be utilized by panarchists towards all those, who at least opposed one or the other monopoly. - - By their very nature, the number of monopolists tends to be smaller than the number of their victims. Thus the ultimate victory of the anti-monopolists is assured. The problem is only how to effectively accelerate the arrival of that victory, preferable by typically anti-monopolistic actions, like e.g. the setting up of alternative institutions of all kinds and their defence in public opinion and in law and, if necessary and possible even by arms and with military organization and discipline. - Anyhow, freedom defenders and liberators would rather induce enemy soldiers and officers to rise against their dictators or to desert and would recognize the panarchies they would join or form or welcome them with open arms and supply them with well paid jobs and accommodation or allies in the defence and liberation efforts, as neutral and welcome guests rather than as POWs, provided only that they declare that they were forced to fight against us. - - 7.) ARGUMENT MAPPING OF THE TYPE DEVELOPED BY PAUL MONK ET AL & with the already popular Q & A compilation method, ON PANARCHIST IDEAS & OPINIONS, AS WELL AS ON QUESTIONS & ANSWERS: Formerly I advocated a very similar method being used on paper and on microfiche. Now there are several electronic programs for it. Do a search for "argument mapping" + "Paul Monk" and you will get much information on this subject. Then try to apply this method on your own or with friends to panarchistic arguments and counter-arguments. Argument mapping has a number of advantages over the usual oral and written forms of discussions, debates, dialogues and explanatory writings. That Q & A compilations are useful seems to be proven by their frequent publication, at least online. - - 8.) APPEALS, PUBLIC, RIGHTFUL & EFFECTIVE: Sometimes even public appeals by a single person, at the right time and place, have been very effective in serving their purposes. All such examples should be compiled and studied. I am thinking e.g. of the effect of the song called the Marseilleise upon the French Revolution and later revolutionaries. Even the Nazis were effective merely by deceptively naming themselves NSDAP: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei (National Socialist German Workers Party), for at that time such terms were still a draw-card. The did not call themselves dictatorship lovers, oppressors, exploiters, imperialists, expropriators, aggressors, total war advocates, racists and mass murderers which would have been more truthful. They did, for years, successfully and intentionally practise the “policy” of the big lies. However, they were not the only politicians full of lies. - - 9.) ASSOCIATIONISM, DISASSOCIATIONISM & SECESSION UNLIMITED: The only associations that should be outlawed are those of criminals for criminal purposes, aggressors for the purpose of aggressions, enemies of human rights aiming at the suppression of these rights among people who are not voluntary members of these throw-back reactionary “movements”. - Since even freedom of association, free speech and freedom of information even suppressed in open air meetings, unless special permissions for special times and places are granted, we should not be surprised that even "democratic" or "republican" governments do still resist not only these liberties and rights, when it comes to open air meetings in suitable places for them, but also monetary freedom experimenters and free traders, as well as people who believe in rightful weapons, and their rightful use, as well as in training and organization for common protection and defence purposes, especially when it comes to basic rights and liberties. Panarchism amounts merely to a consistent application of freedom of association for common purposes. Insofar each Vereinsmitglied (club- or association members) is already, to a very limited extent, a panarchist. With the God and State hypothesis one does, naturally, save oneself much thinking on how one could and should solve problems oneself, alone or in free and competitive associations with others, even exterritorially autonomous ones. It is so easy to let God or the State be a good “man” - and simply hope for the best from either. - - 10.) AVALANCHES OF LAWS & REGULATIONS & THE ONLY QUITE RIGHTFUL, RATIONAL & EFFECTIVE RESPONSE TO THEM: Are we sufficiently aware of what is being done to ourselves by whole avalanches of laws and regulations passed by our masters, without them and us being fully aware of their number and contents but all of them more or less enforced, nevertheless, by a vast army of bureaucrats and policemen? The red tape jungle is already very thick and almost covers the planet and almost suffocates freedom options everywhere. This red tape has also an unlimited life-span until it is replaced by even more red tape, even more laws and regulations and still longer ones and more restrictive ones. That is inherent in territorial rule. Under mercantilist laws it was even prescribed with how many threats per inch certain cloths had to be woven! Each interference leads to further ones - unless the victims gain the freedom to opt out from under such systems, as was done e.g. in the newly founded industrial cities. The option to opt out from under all these territorially imposed burden becomes more and more urgent and important. Even sunset laws or time limits for laws are not good enough to stop these avalanches. Just think how often e.g. foreign exchange restrictions and tax laws have been changed. Legislators have been so busy and so are the numerous lobby groups, influencing this association of power mongers, that time limits are not a sufficient barrier for them. Within 10 to 30 years they might anyhow have changed one of their laws several times. - - 11.) BIAFRA SECESSION ATTEMPT FROM NIGERIA AS AN EXAMPLE. The Biafrans, although territorial secessionists themselves, suppressed territorial secessionist attempts from their own territorial claims by some coastal tribes. If they had permitted them, under retention of exterritorial autonomy for their own people in these areas and had also, towards Nigeria, made only exterritorial autonomy claims for themselves, then they might have won their secessionist or civil war. But by setting their exclusive territorial claims against those of others they managed to make too many bitter enemies, rather than appearing as liberators for all those still subjected, much against their will, to territorial despotism. They paid for their wrong choice with very much blood and destruction. - Should that kind of mistake be endlessly repeated, all over the world or should we learn from such examples how to be more successful next time and advise all those pondering insurrection to revise their claims and confine themselves to quite rightful instead of territorially monopolistic, coercive and oppressive ones? Seeing that many people are willing to risk their lives already for very flawed freedom visions, could one not expect in future that some of these freedom fighter movements will listen to reason and ethics and revise their war and peace aims, even if only to win the degrees of freedom, which they do wish for themselves, much more easily than they could otherwise. Sound revolutionary, resistance, civil war and liberation programs as well as defence programs should certainly include panarchistic ideas and proposals, to win over as many people as possible, even among those, who are supposed to be their irreconcilable enemies, at least as neutrals if not even as allies. Then even the remaining enemies would not fight very hard, for then they would no longer fight for self-government, which would be offered to them, exterritorially, but, quite openly, for territorial domination, which is much harder to defend, in theory and practice, by moral principles and political, social and economic reasoning, than is exterritorial autonomy for all, which is merely an extension of experimental freedom, free choice, free contracts and free associationism. It does not threaten anyone except totalitarians, dictators and their followers, authoritarians and other intolerant people. If Biafrans had not made that great mistake, had not committed this great injustice, then they might have won and this with little losses. Then most of the other people in Africa and the rest of the world might have followed their example and almost no one would by now think any longer in terms of “strength” through ABC mass murder devices, since the targets for them would have disappeared. Exclusive territorial claims multiply the number of one's serious enemies rather than reducing them to an almost harmless minimum. With that kind of tolerant and liberating program one can get numerous allies even among people with whom one does otherwise strongly disagree on many points. - - All territorial claims are, essentially, monopolistic, imperialistic, domineering and threatening to others rather than being attractive or setting examples of neutrality and non-interventionism. Thus territorialists are their own worst enemies and work ultimately for their defeat rather than their victory, in the long run and force bloody and prolonged losses upon themselves and others. - - For all future secessionist and liberation or revolution and military insurrection efforts panarchist platforms should be prepared, long in advance and with the diverse relevant details for every country with dissenting minorities, in other words, for all countries and their populations. For which one does not have any of them? It is a bit too late to try to learn about rightful revolutions etc. once such actions have already begun. An attractive program in any required language and including the true details of any country and its various movements and factions, would find at least some ready pupils, somewhere and at some time in the near future. And their successes would speak for themselves and allow their liberation methods to spread fast to the rest of the world. Thus we should, instead of being largely contemplators of the own navels, concerned only with affairs in the own country, take a sufficient, just and rational interest in external affairs and how they could become greatly improved via panarchism, just by spreading panarchist platforms among the dissenters in other countries, those so dissatisfied that they are already prepared to fight. Thus we could diminish fighting, loss of lives and property and win, by proxies and the attractive examples they would set to the rest of the world. Civil wars, resistance movements, revolutions, military insurrections and freedom fighters in other countries ought to be fully seen as opportunities for us, not to join them with arms and as soldiers but to help them in all their rightful aspirations with ideas and advice. Probably best via governments and free societies in exile, whom we might help to initiate and might try to advise. This indirect road to liberty for all - as much liberty as the diverse groups want for themselves - is all too rarely considered, as long as one has only the territorial model in mind. But all people in the world, who are prepared to accept panarchistic ideas, principles, practices and institutions, are our secret allies, at least our potential allies, however much they might otherwise differ from us in their ideas and practices. For decades and to our own great risk and expense we had largely ignored even the ca. 120 ethnic minorities in the Soviet empire, not to speak of all the other minorities there and even the great, suffering and discontent majority of all people living under that regime. Recognize all the peoples, rather than their territorial mis-rulers! The bad rulers are always only a few men while their victims are numerous and, at least potentially, much stronger. What their victims lack is sound ideas, sound action programs. To supply them the greatest weapons ought to be freely used, namely minds. Here a few minds, thinkers, speakers and writiers with sound formulations, could make all the difference, especially seeing how ideas, principles and arguments can now be made worldwide accessible fast, cheaply and easily. - - 12.) BIARCHY MIGHT BE ATTEMPTED AS A FIRST STEP TOWARDS TRYING OUT MULTI-ARCHY OR POLYARCHY OR PANARCHY: The fact that almost everywhere there are two major parties or movements, in a see-saw battle for power, which, as a rule, under territorialism, only one of them can win for some time, might lead them into accepting at least this compromise, which would provide them with job security for the foreseeable future, as long as they can manage to satisfy at least their own members and followers or a large percentage of them. Nothing would prevent them from adopting better ideas and practices that would gain them more followers. They would no longer have to engage in strenuous, prolonged and more or less dishonest campaigns, far less smear campaigns against their opponents. They would not even need as many body guards as they do need now. They would become something like presidents over competing insurance and security companies, for which there will always be at least some demand, without having gained and retained majority support of all voting citizens in a territory. Even if they are far from the ideal in their ideas and practices, their market share might still be considerable. Copare e.g. the success of the market share of Microsoft, with its clever marketing methods and flawed products. However: Can you point out to me any territorial government, any of its laws, regulations, institutions, measures and policies, which do really work well and quite justly? If you can find a few and point them out to me, then you might still turn even me into a limited government advocate. - - However, since no one seems to have all the truths and facts, ideas, principles etc. on his side, in this sphere, experimental freedom via voluntarism, including individual secessionism and full freedom for exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, an extension of the right to free association, and the corresponding right to self-responsible freedom of action, point the way to at least systematically approach the truths and quite rightful aims, in free competition with all other such efforts. - JZ, 21.11.06, 4.8.12. - - 13. CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS: To reform public opinion a much better classification system of political, economic and social options is required then e.g. the left vs. right and right vs. left division. Even the best ones proposed by libertarians, so far, have, mostly, not clearly included the panarchistic options, as far as I know. Nor have I seen or heard about an anthology of all such classification systems being published, in search of the best one. Most seem to be still based upon the territorial system. With a much more comprehensive classification system the jungle of territorial views might be penetrated by the light of the panarchistic choices for individuals and their voluntary groupings. - - Thus work towards such a publication seems to be to be a very important option and "action" proposal. - - 14.) COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY, TERRITORIAL STATES & PANARCHIES: One of the many harmful side effects of the compulsory use of territorial States is the notion of collective responsibility of subjects for the actions of their leaders or of other subjects, simply because they are subjected to and misruled and exploited by the same State or may even have once or several times be foolish enough to vote for one of its representatives. Voters unable to hold their "representatives" responsible for their misdeeds, are, nevertheless, held responsible for these misdeeds of their "representatives", with their earnings, property, limb and life in extreme cases. And most are so conditioned by the statist and religious institutions that they do accept this without protest. At least the religiously faithful have the excuse that this collective responsibility notion was also one of their beloved God and often practised by him or with his supposed approval against people really innocent, sometimes even children, animals and plants, in ancient total wars. Collective responsibility notions would make a bit more sense in communities with only voluntary members. But should we hold every member of a sports club responsible when one of its leading members commits an act of fraud, robbery or rape or foul? Or every share holder, if one director commits a crime? Or every member of a productive or consumer cooperative should act criminally? The question almost answers itself. Mass extermination devices and doomsday bombs are probably the worst applications of this "principle". And who holds them in readiness or tries to acquire them? Territorial governments and terrorist groups of aspiring territorialists. The usual air raids to all too often also apply this principle - as should be completely understood by all Germans from their WW II experience. They should have learnt to totally condemn this ”principle” and common practice, not only from the Holocaust mass murders committed by the Nazis or from the collective responsibility imposed upon all tax slaves for the territorial government’s spending. - - 15.) COSMOPOLITAN UNION, THE: As founded and explained in the early1930's in Berlin, now explained concisely and in several languages. possibly not only on www.panarchism.info but also on www.panarchy org. What does that term stand for? A world federation of cosmopolitans, without national, racial, religious or ideological bias and with their own institutions, laws and contributions. Alas, it was only founded shortly before the Nazis came to power. Thus Ulrich von Beckerath had to destroy its membership list. - - 16.) DECENTRALIZATION MOVEMENT: The decentralization movement is large, with multiple strands. It has still to become sufficiently infiltrated by the ideas and practices of personal law and panarchies, polyarchies or voluntary communities on the basis of exterritorial autonomy. If they extended their platforms to include this freedom option, then they might gain the kind of decentralization that they want for themselves much easier and faster than they could otherwise. - - 17.) DEFENCE, PROTECTION & PANARCHISM. IDEAL MILITIAS TO INTRODUCE & UPHOLD INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES: Just like ministries for transport should be renamed: Ministries against transport, the same might be said for ministries of or for defence, who have no notion of and no interest in quite rightful and optimal defence efforts, war prevention and rightful liberation efforts directed against despotic regimes. And yet we are forced to pay these numbskulls huge tax amounts - which they manage to largely waste, as the newspapers report very often, while they fail to equip their troops, e.g. in Iraq, with body armor and reliable and armored transport. Self-defence via gun ownership and use has been largely outlawed, to uphold the police and military monopoly. Area-defence has been turned into a territorial monopoly, in which the three branches, air force, army and navy have also shown monopolistic tendencies and squabbles, reducing their effectiveness while increasing their costs. The USA was initiated by militia resistance. Its National Guard militia is now a nationalized force, quite under government control and correspondingly badly supplied and used. It no longer consists of autonomous free men, voluntarily associated to defend their rights and liberties - not only against foreign despots and aggressors, either. - - What kind of ideal militia forces would be required, how they should be organized, trained, motivated, financed, equipped and for what kinds of just war and peace aims should they fight, if this becomes justified and necessary, and for which kind of human rights declaration it should to be ready? Such questions still remain to be publicly and sufficiently. - - Such forces might also be the mediating power, with members from all panarchies, to prevent or reduce clashes between members of different panarchies, beyond those reductions already achieved through the very voluntarism and exterritorial form of panarchies. - - It might be one of the very few institutions, apart from e.g. a postal union and an international court of justice, which all future panarchies would have in common. - - Much more thinking and discussion has to take place in that sphere before the first ideal militia units could be formed, somewhere, ideally in areas where until now all too much senseless mutual slaughter has occurred in civil wars between territorialist factions. - - 18.) DEFINITIONS OF PANARCHISM, CORRECT & INCORRECT ONES, TOGETHER WITH CORRECTIONS & COMMENTS: Any social philosophy is largely dependent upon correct definitions in order not to go astray, as e.g. socialism and communism have and, to a large extent, also anarchism and libertarianism. Some anarchists even tried to exclude voluntarism and individualism from their definitions of anarchism and rather stressed even compulsory collectivism and the abolition of property, money and individualism. Some people manage to distort almost everything into senselessness, at least in their own minds. A friend called many of these “anarchists” very aptly: "circus anarchists". - - 19.) DESERTERS & REFUGEES ARE AT LEAST POTENTIALLY SIGNIFICANT ALLIES OF PANARCHISTS: For only panarchies can offer all of them those rights and liberties that they do want for themselves and only successful panarchies would welcome them with open arms, jobs and accommodation, seeing this not as a burden but as an opportunity to increase not only the standard of living of these victims but also their own, and be it only through greater specialization, division of labor, thus higher productivity and a greater volume of free exchanges. - - 20.) DISSENTERS, VOLUNTARYISTS, OPPONENTS, IDEALISTS, PRACTICAL MEN, SELF-MANAGEMENT, SELF-DETERMINATION: In many ways all of us are that way inclined and want to be free to manage what we consider to be our own affairs. But still all too many of us are still unaware how far self-management can go when it comes to the social sciences, their communities, rules, constitutions, laws, regulations, jurisdictions, administrations, governments or directorates, principles, systems and institutions. Also within business enterprises and factories. To many the full understanding of their panarchistic liberties will come almost like a revelation, a spiritual turning point. They will discover personal rights and liberties and practical opportunities they had so far not known or understood. Even the ideal of the most successful best panarchy would in no way be forced upon them. It would remain subject to their own individual choice. They could still practise all their remaining errors, mistakes, prejudices, dogmas etc. as long as they want to, always only at their own risk and expense. Which party could offer them more than a panarchist party or movement or platform? - - 21.) EDUCATION, SCHOOLS, UNIVERSITIES, FULL FREEDOM IN THIS SPHERE, INCLUDING CURRICULUM & TEACHER TRAINING & CHOICE, FINANCING & ALTERNATIVE EDUCATIONAL APPROACHES, INCLUDING ELECTRONIC ONES: The State, with huge expenditures in terms of labour and funds, buildings and other material input, has so far little achieved in this sphere except the spread and maintenance of statist ideas and notions. Whatever real basic and advanced education it imparted could have been provided much faster and cheaper by alternative private and cooperative efforts, as has already been demonstrated numerous times by various systems. E.g. Joseph Lancester's "monitor system", by which one teacher could teach up to 1000 pupils effectively and very fast basic knowledge and even some advanced knowledge, using pupils as temporary co-instructors for short knowledge segments they had already acquired and by subdividing huge classes correspondingly. The quietness, application and discipline in this approach was very instructive, compared with the usual methods. Reading, writing and basic reckoning skills were acquired in 3 weeks to 3 months. Now and all too often this is not even achieved in 3 years. Many other good educational methods are already tried, even now, but their spread is still restrained by legislation and bureaucratic controls. Without them we would see many positive steps being taken rather fast, by teachers, parents and pupils becoming independent of the State's system. - - 22.) EQUITABLE TREATIES AS OPPOSED TO THE INEQUITABLE TREATIES OF FOREIGN POWERS WITH CHINA. REVIVAL & EXTENSION OF THE PERSONAL LAW TRADITION. - - 23.) ERRORS, MYTHS, IGNORANCE PREJUDICES & PANARCHISM: Even the various flawed and wrong notions in people's heads can largely be used to promote panarchism. For their believers want to apply their flawed ideas and given the chance to do so, without any struggle against their opponents or active resistance actions by them or risking fines and other penalties prescribed by any prohibitory territorial constitutions, laws and courts, they could enjoy their panarchist freedom as much as their flawed ideas and practices would permit, almost immediately. They would tend to go the road of least resistance and simply apply their ideas to themselves, at their own risk and cost. To others they would still serve as deterrent examples, as experimental proof that the ideas and theories of these true believers are flawed if not even completely false. Thus even their opponents should advocate experimental freedom for them, as well. - - We could thus use their best efforts to ultimately defeat them and this without doing them any wrong. They would only wrong and harm themselves. Which other idea or system can proudly say that for itself? Live and learn from your own mistakes - would be our stance towards them. Any degree of statism for any kind of statists – except the territorial monopoly. - - 24.) EXPERT ADVISORS & THEIR DIFFERENT SCHOOLS OF THOUGHTS & PROPOSALS: Potentially many to all of them could be recruited for the experimental and tolerant application of their proposals within communities of volunteers. Instead of merely letting them continue to endlessly argue among each other or struggle for positions of influence or power within the mass media or major parties, always based upon the premise that the territorial, monopolistic and compulsory as well as centralistic and statist model would be a rightful and sensible one, they could and should be induced to consider the experimental, voluntary and exterritorial autonomy options for themselves and their own followers, right away, without any further infighting, and to tolerantly concede the same experimental freedom to their opponents. After all, this is a fundamentally scientific rather than merely scholastic approach. In all other spheres has experimental freedom already won and is taken for granted. It is high time that they adopt it in the social sciences as well. For this they have only to reject the territorialist model and accept the exterritorial autonomy and voluntaristic model, which, as such, is much more justified and rational under their circumstances. With it they could remain recognized cocks for a long time, crowing even upon their particular dung hills, if they have nothing better to offer. Stupid and easily mislead people will always be numerous enough for that. But the better ones of them could gain and retain their laurels and other applause and rewards from their satisfied followers and their numbers would tend to grow and grow and be independent of the result of "democratic" elections. - - It will be much easier for them to concede the same experimental freedom, which they claim for themselves, to their opponents, than to theoretically and lastingly defeat their opponents by mere ideas, arguments and the accumulation of statistics and their publication. Some arguments, e.g. those on free will vs. predetermination, have lasted for over 2000 years and arguments about "real bills" and the currency vs. the free banking principle for about 200 years, without being settled so far and even Gresham's Law is still widely misunderstood, especially the fact that it applies only to Legal Tender money. Many still speak and think in all to general terms like “expansion of credit” and “credit creation”, as if they were a real and inflationary threat under full monetary freedom. Nor have e.g. the followers of Mises and Rothbard understood the threat of deflation, under the wrong assumption that prices, wages etc. would immediately and sufficiently adapt to any reduction of sound exchange media, even when these are e.g. suddenly hoarded as often happens in revolutionary times. The numerous nonsensical statements on money do still drive the relatively correct opinions on the subject into obscurity, even though they do not have any legal tender power (compulsory acceptance and a forced value). The predominant public opinion serves them instead. - To each real or presumed expert his own experimental community of followers, where they will find ready and even unanimous support for their proposals and can continue with them as long as they find it practical to do so, without having to change them. Whenever they want to change them, then they would be at liberty to do that, too, also with the support of consenting voluntary followers. - - Finally, the only quite neglected “experts” left will be those, whose proposals did fail in all experimental tests. One by one their former followers would leave them and they would have no right to complain about that. All the would have to do is to sufficiently change and improve their ideas, in order to gain new followers and practitioners for them. Even many religious gurus are still successful, at the expense of their voluntary members. Let them be. Deterrent examples are needed as well. - - I wonder how, under experimental freedom, the Austrian School of Economics will fare with its particular economic crisis theory and its cure for it, as against at least about 150 other crisis theories and proposals. It has much else that speaks for it and from whose successes it will benefit. But I believe that it will sooner or later be forced to modify its crisis theory and its monetary "freedom" proposals and all too limited monetary freedom practices. But full freedom for its followers, to practise their assumptions and ideals among themselves is among their basic rights. May the best principles, theories and methods win, as they are likely to do under the panarchistic or exterritorialist or experimental system. - - 25.) FREE STATE MOVEMENT: Concentration in the most free territorial State that are accessible. - - 26.) FREE TRADE WORLD FEDERATION: That is one of the world federations that I would like to see established by the supporters of Free Trade. They could and should be able to exchange freely, without custom duties, quotas, foreign exchange regulations etc. They could have their own industrial development zones, free ports and duty free shops. Many steps in this direction have already been taken but all too much government meddling still takes place against them. - - 27.) FUTURIST MOVEMENT, SOCIETIES & SCIENCE FICTION & UTOPIAN WRITINGS: I doubt that in many of them panarchist ideas are so far included. At least I found only very few there. But they should be well represented there. At least some of these writers and readers people are interested in better ideas, reforms and alternatives, although, admittedly, all too many are still stuck in old and popular notions like overpopulation, a limited number of jobs, territorialism, etc. – JZ, 31.1.12. - - 28.) GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, XYZ FOR EACH EXISTING & DESPOTIC TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT, ALL ONLY AIMING AT EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS: They could become very strong and effective forces for the overthrow of dictatorship and a thorough liberation of their victims, going as far towards liberty as they want to go. For each trouble spot country such alternatives could be quite explicitly and in details proposed. Territorial governments seem to be unable or unwilling to do so. At best they want to introduce territorial majoritarian democracies. How "peace promoting" that is, in certain countries, can now be seen e.g. in Iraq and Afghanistan. Only a full menu of governmental and societal alternatives, open to free individual choice, can satisfy almost all dissenters in troubled countries and this without depriving their majorities of any genuine rights, e.g. to exterritorial self-government of their own affairs. Just ponder how much difference such institutions and policies would make for countries like Iraq, Afghanistan, Iran, Israel, Palestine, North Korea, the Sudan, China, Taiwan. And also consider the dissolution of the USA Empire and of other large States in this way. Even within families and among friends and colleagues there are squabbles. To imagine that they could be avoided for the population of whole territories by uniform territorial management is just absurd. All such attempts bring many more troubles than they are worth. Free exchange and free communications etc. do not require territorial governments. But the very existence of territorial
State above a minimal size seems to make defence preparations necessary for, inherently, as territorial States, they are more or less Warfare States, at least the larger ones, that do not pursue a policy of neutrality. In none of them are all individual human rights clearly recognized and respected. On the basis of a panarchistic war and peace aims proposal, detailed panarchist proposals should be made for the governments and societies in exile for all the troubled countries, preferably in all their languages and for all their dissenting minorities. - - 29.) HEALTH PROMOTION, LONGEVITY ALTERNATIVES & PANARCHISM: If health-conscious panarchists were to promote more and better than has been done so far the publication, discussion and criticism of all alternative health and longevity options, then they could certainly acquire many friends thereby. Imagine the publicity value of thanks to their efforts genuine cancer cures became possible. It would also be technically and financially possible for them to combine all such information on CDs or DVD and even add their own panarchistic reference library to such disks, to reach, indirectly, a very wide audience by this publishing method. For at least some of the students of health would then also explore some of these panarchistic texts on the same disk. The information revolution has barely begun! Moreover, one has to be alive a bit longer to be able to enjoy one’s rights and liberties a bit longer. - - 30.) HISTORY STUDIES COMPILING PANARCHISTIC PRECEDENTS: Most historians have overlooked these phenomena but a few reported some of them, e.g. Gibbon. All such references ought to be compiled in full test and mentioned in a panarchistic bibliography. I included a few in this PAN A-Z. and in my On Panarchy sup-series of PEACE PLANS.- - 31.) HOUSING POLICIES, PLANNING, BUILDING & ZONING RESTRICTIONS, RENT CONTROLS, LANDLORD & TENANT ACTS, SLUM CLEARANCES, GOVERNMENT HOUSING, RATES & LAND TAXES, INHERITANCE TAXES, MONOPOLIES FOR WATER, GAS & ELECTRICITY SUPPLY, GARBAGE & SEWAGE REMOVAL: These are some of the most obnoxious, interventionist costly and wrongful government policies and practices. Many people wish they could opt out from under them. Here lies a potentially vast market for panarchist ideas and practices, when one starts thinking of solutions for smaller problems of individuals and families. Their land, house and garden is not really fully their own under government management, charges, services and supplies. The government is still largely a feudal lord with his subjects having all too little defensive strength against him. It also imposes its own land tenure system instead of permitting competition with it from other systems. It outlaws, all too often, e.g. gold clauses in long term contracts, e.g. in mortgages and its monetary and others of its “policies” play havoc with the price of housing. Most people are wrongly and harmfully affected by government policies in this sphere, even when they seem to be subsidized and privileged. Governments managed to create and maintain housing shortages, and high housing costs, not only by their warfare methods. Who will invest in housing other people under such policies? - - 32.) HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION, BILLS OF RIGHTS, IDEAL ONES: How can we expect rights and liberties, peace and justice as long as we do not even sufficiently care to draft an ideal declaration of human rights and liberties but, mostly, and quite uncritically, simply accept, all too uncritically, those drafted and accepted by politicians?- - Here lies very much scope for positive ACTION, of a kind that most people are inclined to avoid as much as they can. - - How many such declarations are there, so far, which include individual secessionism and exterritorially autonomous communities and monetary freedom or even merely the right to resist, as basic rights? - - I have at least tried to assemble all the private declarations of human rights that were accessible to me, in PEACE PLANS 589/590, and supplemented and digitized them, ca.130 by now However, I do not remember right now a single request for this collection, available from me free of charge as a zipped email attachment, in one or several files. If sympathizers with human rights show so little interest in them, what can one expect from their enemies? - - As long as this kind of indifference remains, even among anarchists, libertarians and panarchists, what can we expect from the rest? - - 33.) IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, VOLUNTARY VS. COMPULSORY INTEGRATION & SEGREGATION, DISCRIMINATION AS FAR AS PEOPLE WANT IT FOR THEMSELVES: To a limited extent all the opponents of immigration restrictions could come over to our side as well as those, who wish to uphold them. For those, who favor free migration panarchies are one option to realize it. For those, who do favor voluntary segregation from other kinds of people, their own panarchies would give them the chance to do so, without the excluded having any right to complain about discrimination. They are free to set up their own communities in which there would be no e.g. racial, religious, ideological or other discrimination. - - 34.) JOKES WITH A LIBERTARIAN MESSAGE, COLLECTED & PUBLISHED: DECISION-MAKING TO BECOME INDIVIDUALIZED: Eg.: Captain: Men! in five minutes we will attack. It will be a fight at close quarters, man against man. Private: Would you please point out my man to me? I believe I could come to an agreement with him. - - A similar joke came from the German Russian front during WW II: A soldier was refused leave because of the desperate military situation. The only exception would be, his commanding officer told him, if he obtained an enemy machine gun. Then, as a reward, he would get his leave still. Half an hour later, this German soldier was back, with a Soviet machine gun. He got his leave certificate but then the officer took him aside and ask him: „How did you manage that? I didn’t hear any firing. I won’t give you away. Just tell me!“ The German soldier, trusting his officer, replied: „A Russian soldier needed a machine gun, too, for the same reason!“ – Maybe both of them even got a medal. I think they deserved it much more than other military heroes. - I desperately need not a machine gun – but more such jokes, relating to panarchistic decision-making. – JZ, 11.1.05. - My Slogans for Liberty file, 38 Mbs. also contained many jokes. I extracted and appended over 500 KBs of them and collected since then 150 KBs more of them, and seek many more. While I concentrated on textual ones, others collected and published illustrated ones and cartoons with a concise message. The two collection types could become combined or offered separately. With laughter towards victory? - JZ, 7.10.11. - - 35.) INSTINCT, CONVICTIONS, RATIONALITY, MORAL SENSE: Wanting to act upon one's own convictions is not only a normal, moral and rational response but even an instinctual one. To that extent the panarchic experimental freedom in the political, economic and social spheres, offered by panarchism, should have, at least potentially, the widest possible appeal. One's own affairs and interests, ideas, opinions and convictions are always more or less considered as truthful, even holy, untouchable, inviolable etc., not to be subjected by prohibitions or interventions from dissenting others. Some won't even rationally respond to mere verbal criticism. - - This inclination can be exploited, not only among libertarians and anarchists but also among all kinds of human beings, regardless of their ideology, faith, race, traditions etc. Based on it and the experimental freedom or panarchy model of many freely competing communities of volunteers, all only exterritorially autonomous, almost all people could, theoretically, be swayed or persuaded in this direction, by moral, rational or emotional appeals, even appeals to their own prejudices and their presently largely hopeless position, in which they would have to get the majority of the votes first and would have to retain it, in order to practise their ideals among themselves. – Exceptions would be e.g. the insane, fanatics, fundamentalists, totalitarians and other power addicts and criminals seeking with involuntary victims and they form only a small and almost harmless minority - if territorial States are not made available to them and if they are opposed only by governmental police forces. - - 36.) INSURANCE COMPANIES, FURTHER DEVELOPMENT: COMPETING COMPREHENSIVE INSURANCE CONTRACTS & THEIR VARIOUS PACKAGE DEALS: As Ulrich von Beckerath repeatedly pointed out, the best that one could say in defence of governments is that they are insurance companies. But as such they ought to be genuinely competitive, rather than defensive about their wrongful territorial monopolies. - JZ, 30.8.04. - With a platform demanding e.g. tax exemption, freedom from the laws of monetary and financial despotism and, finally, their full exterritorial autonomy for insurance companies, too, if they desire it, one could, possibly, gain the support of many insurance companies. A start might be made with winning the right for them to include value preservation clauses in their investments and insurance contracts. They could also be turned into major issuers of clearing certificates, in monetary denominations, for their premiums and indemnifications. - JZ, 21. 11. 06. - - 37.) INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF ALL MINORITIES WITH EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL OF THEM AS THEIR COMMON AIM: Considering the large number of minorities existing in most countries, which are all ruled, much against their ideals and their protest votes, by various temporary majorities, mostly also merely a combination of various factions, their internal minorities, attempts should be made to achieve a federation of all minorities with the one common aim: Not only to be tolerated in their minor cultural differentiations and private actions but also to become tolerated in their efforts to achieve, establish and maintain full exterritorial autonomy for themselves. - - With that single platform point this kind of new "International" might gain much influence and finally the power of self-government or self-administration for all of its member-communities, all made up only of volunteers. With such a platform it might, successfully, appeal to many of the already existing organizations of minorities in democracies,and, especially, to those minorities which have already been actively fighting and thus risking their lives for more liberties for themselves in many areas of the world. - - With merely an exterritorialist platform, one of voluntarism, nonintervention and tolerance, they have a much better chance to gain independence for themselves than with their present territorial monopoly claims, by which all other groups, living in the same area, do feel threatened. The feeling thus threatened can often depend on sympathy and support from the existing federal territorial powers. Thus territorial secessionist efforts maximize rather than minimize resistance against their secessionist efforts. - - Nevertheless, few of the territorial secessionists have so far seriously considered exterritorial secessionism. It simply was never put into their minds, literature and on their agendas by anyone. - - I once attended a meeting of Tamils in a Humanist meeting centre in Sydney. They seemed receptive to exterritorial autonomy proposals - if they were made to them by the Ceylon authorities. However, they have not yet themselves studied, embraced and advanced their own panarchistic proposals to advance their case. Terrorist "actions" and fighting require much less thought and were thus more popular among them. too. - - The same applies, probably, to many or most other minorities striving for independence. Only the territorial model is well known - and only it is thus systematically striven for by many, although this effort does almost daily require some blood sacrifices, somewhere in the world. Almost everywhere men are remaining the all too voluntary victims of their own flawed ideas. - - When examining the cases of all minority groups striving for independence, it would be worthwhile to try to find the most promising cases, those minorities with the highest degrees of average intelligence, also education and genuine interest in improving their conditions, not only by battlefield methods. Once successfully demonstrated by such a minority group, panarchism could easily spread from them to other peoples and areas in the world. - - 38.) INTERNATIONAL LAW REFORM & PANARCHISM: Panarchists should develop an international law that would include their principles and institutions as well as the best declaration of individual rights and liberties that can be compiled at this stage. In this they could build upon Jerome Internoscia's New Code of International Law, 1910 1003 pages, 5657 paragraphs, in three languages, English, French and Italian, highly recommended by Ulrich von Beckerath. All deviations from this code should require, according to Bth., a thorough and public justification in every case. Thus it could and should be further improved. I had micro-fiched it in PEACE PLANS 85-95 and never got around to get it refilmed again on a lesser number of microfiche. Now it could and should be scanned in - by someone who is also fluent in French and Italian. In this work the 3 different language versions are reproduced side by side, so that misunderstandings of the texts could also be reduced, by quickly referring to the version of the same paragraph in the other languages. It would be of the greatest importance to rewrite especially the international laws on warfare from the panarchistic and libertarian point of view, all with the aim to turn rightfully defensive and liberating military campaigns from more or less aggressive, imperialistic and more or less mass murderous actions into the equivalent of quite rightful police actions against genuine criminals with victims. In such actions such police forces would combine to welcome all the victims as their supporters and would be panarchistically quite tolerant towards the wide varieties among these victims. Towards all of them it should appear and act, quite consistently, as a genuine liberator. - - 39.) JURISDICTION ALTERNATIVES & PANARCHISM: Panarchism would introduce full competition in the supply of juridical services and full consumer sovereignty towards them. In the meantime, panarchists should make a common cause with other reformers in that sphere, whether they prefer professional judges, elected ones, judges appointed by lot or quite free juries or other jury systems of their choice or any particular arbitration system. Those still quite satisfied with a State's juridical system, in spite of it all, should, naturally be free to retain it for themselves. The literature in favor of competing law and juridical systems is growing and panarchist ideas and practices should grow with that literature and its part-realization e.g. by voluntary arbitration societies. - - 40.) LAW DRAFTS: E.g. The Cosmopolitan Union, ancient Capitulations, Four Law Drafts, individual rights drafts. - - 41.) LAW, CAPITULATIONS & CONSULAR JURISDICTION, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIALISM - - 42.) LIBERTARIANS, TERRITORIAL: The territorial libertarians have also appeared in a great variety, with many controversies remaining between them. A proper survey of these differences remains to be made still, as far as I know, one corresponding e.g. to the anarchist spectrum of hyphenated types of anarchism and of their very opposites that has sat, thanks to Christian Butterbach, but, alas, still unnoticed, not supplemented, not corrected and criticized, for several years, at the www.butterbach.net site. As long as we do not take such questions and surveys serious enough we will not make sufficient progress towards full liberty at least for ourselves. Then we will not even sufficiently know what we could or should be doing, because we have still overlooked and not included in our world-view so many other possibilities. Then we confine ourselves largely to insufficiently examined definitions or dogmas or tacit assumptions, just like the numerous religious sectarians do. - - For example, think of the numerous land- and money reformers, who so far considered only their own proposals - and ignored those of most other such reformers as well as the already existing numerous experiments in the past and present with a great variety of such proposals. Not even the various tax strike and voluntary taxation proposals have been sufficiently surveyed so far - to my knowledge. - - These seem to be merely theoretical or hypothetical considerations, for merely informational and educational or propaganda actions, paper jobs, or some websites or disk jobs, but each sound and large building or bridge does require nowadays good enough blueprints for its construction. Education, knowledge and action are interlinked. And they can supply if not power over others then influence and also the knowledge required for self-liberation on the individual to group level. - - Knowledge of ideal currencies, their issue and reflux methods, clearing arrangements, value standards and credit- and insurance institutions, or effective full employment methods, that could rapidly cope even with the influx of millions of deserters and refugees, and could immediately stop a galloping inflation. These and many others are still all too scarce and insufficiently recorded and spread. - - Ask yourself: Where are the libertarians and anarchists with a fully developed liberation, revolution and military insurrection program, quite consistent with their best principles and the most sound experiences? Where are their sufficiently developed programs published? - - 43.) LIMITED GOVERNMENT ADVOCATES & PANARCHISM: Even limited government advocates could, possibly, be won over to panarchism, as the most easy method for themselves to achieve at least for themselves the limited government of their dreams. I cannot imagine that all of them, as somewhat radical anarchists and libertarians do, will insist upon all people in a territory subscribing to and practising only the ideals of the advocates of limited governments or of anarchism, or any particular type of them. Do these advocates really want to impose their government ideal upon all dissenters or do they only want to defend it against physical attacks by others? I think that they could and should come to a live and let live agreement with all those, who do not agree with their kind of libertarian ideal. Once all or most of the limited government advocates have become sufficiently tolerant then many of the other idealists will also tend to become more tolerant. - - 44.) MARRIAGE & FAMILY LAWS: Many people are dissatisfied with the existing and all too often changed marriage and family laws. Freedom of contract should become predominant in this sphere, too, as long as involuntary slavery, serfdom etc. of any kind are excluded, especially for children and women. There should be dozens of different marriage and family law contracts on offer, to pick and choose from, for anyone interested, always with option to dissolve them, especially in case of abuses. - Anthropologists and Sociologists have revealed numerous diverse practices in this sphere. To imposed the prejudices, ideals and opinions of the current territorial lawmakers upon the whole population of their domain does wrong to all too many people. To provide free choice in this sphere would be a significant step towards general panarchism. - - 45.) MEETING CALENDAR FOR ALL PUBLIC MEETINGS & SMALLER MEETINGS WHERE GUESTS ARE WELCOMED, AT LEAST IN EVERY CITY, FOR ITS OWN EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES & ALSO AS A PLATFORM TO SPREAD PANARCHIST VIEWS AMONG THAT VARIETY OF GROUPS: In most cities such a service is still amiss or only very incompletely supplied. Now the publication could e.g. take place very cheaply via an email newsletter or a website. Obviously, all actual and potential lecturers listeners and discussion and debate participants would benefit from such a periodical announcement and follow up reports. Personal meetings are still a vital factor. A whole city could thus be turned, via a common curriculum, into a kind of open university or adult education centre, making numerous new educational meetings possible. The organizers and owners of such a service could also utilize it very well for as tolerant a propaganda effort as is the advocacy of panarchies for all voluntary communities. Apart from collecting and updating this information, its distribution could be very cheap and possibly even profitable with modern media, sending e.g. such emails out only to paying subscribers and the subscription price could be very low and thus the number of subscribers rather large. Many years ago I experimented with such a calendar for Sydney but doing it via duplicated issues, compiled, edited, printed and distributed by myself, thus much labor, time and money was involved, so that I did not reach the breakthrough point on my own with the first few issues, also embodying proposals for a genuinely cultural revolution to speed up the process of enlightenment. Two single issue follow-up efforts by others were not serious and persistent enough. In the first case the takings were not reinvested for new editions and in the other case the large organization involved, the Workers Educational Association, was just then moving its headquarters. Many years later I still received requests for such issues. But with the means then available I had taken on more than I could cope with. My last issue mentioned ca. 1000 periodical events. My preparatory copy for future issues had ca. 3000 entries. If microfiche had taken off as a publishing and reading medium in the household market, then I might have been able to continue and expand this effort with this format, saving much labor and distribution costs. Now there are cheap and fast electronic options. An associated project would be to publish an annual directory to all the cultural and educational associations in a city, including a comprehensive speaker's bureau service. Such a directory could now be very cheaply published and only upon demand e.g. on a floppy disk or CD. Potentially, all those mentioned could and should, to some extent, become active buyers of quantities and distributors in their large or small circle. People in a city could really become culturally linked up, even if they constitute presently only very small groups, as well as they are already for e.g. theatre and cinema as well as music and sports performances, exhibitions etc. that are reported by the mass media. The positive consequences for such a link-up could be great, at least in areas that have good enough transport connections or roads for car owners and drivers. City communities could become mentally much more alive than they are now. Naturally, this would be no replacement for the international electronic contact options that are now possible. But even such linkages might become multiplied through such a service, in which like-minded people would meet and exchange their electronic links as well. Once past the first 5000 subscribers, then advertisement revenues would become possible, too. I got more "action" out of this project than I on my own could effectively cope with. My own editions never exceeded 2000. And they were only duplicated. How many such events do now take place largely unnoticed by the general public and thus how many small associations do fail after a while? How many would take place and how many small associations would grow to their full local potential if such a service would be regularly provided? Who knows? Here, too, a well publicized market or information exchange would offer an important solution. Alas, such a market service is still missing in most cities. Imagine e.g. LP members taking up this option to spread their ideas. Instead they only try the conventional and already established educational approaches. - - Perhaps such a service could be started up by a well-organized and maintained public bulletin board, with many different and classified sections, at a very well frequented place. A large public library would be ideal for this. I heard only of one such large bulletin board in one large US library. Usually the managers are opposed, thinking it would be to unsightly and messy. They would rather have painted bare walls. A website, with open entry and, naturally, downloading options, could also gather and publish as well as update this kind of material. If there were enough people who take all educational efforts serious enough to give them a chance, not only their own educational efforts … - - 46.) MEMBERSHIP CERTIFICATES INSTEAD OF COMPULSORY PASSPORTS OR IDs ISSUED BY TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS: Freedom of movement on Earth and also personal liberty are restricted by the current passport and ID system, with which government officials daily prove that they have all too many abusive powers and can very extensively victimize people. So far none of the proposed alternatives have got full recognition form all governments. The Nansen Passport was an interesting precedent and somewhat successful, I believe. Naturally, this alternative documentation presupposes that all the popular errors, myths and prejudices raised against free migration can be effectively defeated by a concerted propaganda effort. I am glad that on the Internet by now many voices and statements for this liberty can be found. But the practice is still dominated by "border-guards" and their more or less legalized despotic actions. Territorialist politicians treat borders as if they were their own thick skins and freedom ideas are very difficult if not impossible to introduce into their thick skulls. Thus the freedom to opt out from under their territorial rule is very important, not only by migration into another country with another and supposedly better territorial government, but by internal migration into exterritorially autonomous communities. The possibility of this is not quite unknown even to territorial governments, for diplomatic immunity is still largely recognized, across all borders. - - 47.) MILITIA TRADITIONS & FUTURE POSSIBILITIES: The best of the militia tradition should be systematically studied, discussed and published as a stepping stone for the establishment of ideal local militias, nationally and internationally federated, with the single purpose of upholding, realizing and protecting the best individual human rights and liberties declaration that can so far be compiled. In this respect it could and should become more powerful than all existing territorial governments and a guarantor especially for the panarchistic liberties of association and disassociation or secession. The public debate on this topic has barely begun. Organizations now called or calling themselves militia are largely parodies of this ideal militia or very much in need of further improvements. Especially, they should be taken out of the hands of governments, fanatics and fundamentalists and all intolerant other "leaders" or misleaders. They should be autonomous, like autonomous juries and represent rather than suppress individual and voluntary group sovereignty, as governmental military and police forces are inclined to do. Ultimately, all other military forces ought to become dissolved. Naturally, such militias would only attempt to uphold those genuine individual rights and liberties which voluntary members of panarchies do claim for themselves. They would not force the full recognition and practice of all of the most advanced and still unpopular individual rights and liberties on all dissenting panarchies. Panarchist principles, practices and institutions would be part of the individual human rights declaration they would swear to defend. They would also defend e.g. all tolerant monetary experiments. Ulrich von Beckerath remarked that the unarmed, unarmed and untrained voter is all too often just a comical figure in the eyes of the rulers. The sufficiently enlightened (on individual rights and liberties), armed, organized and trained citizen, who has only rightful and tolerant aims, like the protection of genuine human rights and liberties, will have to be taken serious - or else … Moreover, he will be the best ally against all dictatorships, totalitarian regimes and terrorist groups. What is good and best in democratic, republican and genuinely liberal and voluntary socialist traditions can have no better friends and protectors. Alas, from here to there is still a very long march and requires a prolonged mental struggle especially against people who still favor ten-thousands of government laws and regulations under the term "gun control". We have to learn to control these all too well armed men in power, sometimes no better than thugs, or, rather, their armed supporters, or, rather, dissolve them and turn them into the best kind of citizen soldiers, if possible. Can the best of the ancient militia traditions become revived and sufficiently developed? I passed on some proposals on this in my first peace book on www.butterbach.net/epinfo.peace.htm - - 48.) MINORITIES: Minorities could be singly or collectively approached with a panarchist program. The best approach would be to the leading thinker of each of them, if his name and address can be ascertained. One might also approach them with a special questionnaire, containing leading questions, leading in the panarchist direction and pointing out some historical precedents for panarchism, its tolerance and voluntarism. If even one prominent minority, like e.g. the Kurdish minorities in at least 3 States, the refugees from them and their sympathizers, adopted a panarchistic platform, they would reduce the State opposition against them and also the opposition from those who are not Kurds but live among Kurdish majorities. Only their claim for an exclusive Kurdisch territory is strongly opposed and likely to remain so. Once such a minority has successfully adopted this aim and strategy, this tolerant, voluntaristic and experimental approach, then many other minorities in the world would be likely to follow this example. Once such a movement has already gained some momentum then it could grow rapidly furthermore by the simple practice of supporting only those shops and firms that declare themselves in favor of exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, regardless of which kind of minority or majority they may favor. - - 49.) MODEL LIBERATION PROGRAMS FOR THE LIBERATION OF SUPPRESSED OR EXPLOITED MINORITIES, AS WELL AS OPPRESSED MAJORITIES, SHOULD BE PUBLISHED FOR EVERY COUNTRY, BY THE LIBERTARIAN & ANARCHIST GROUPS & INDIVIDUALS: Alas, they have still to develop, discuss, publish and apply such programs for themselves, in their own countries. But to the extent that they have already developed good programs, hard to realize in their own countries, in spite of the limited liberties there, they should, as foreign policy, try to get their best ideas realized in other countries first. For that purpose they should provide such model programs for other countries, in which suppression is much more intensive and many groups are already resisting or are even involved in some armed resistance. - - Only their particular minorities and majorities should have to be inserted and translations for their languages should be provided. The principles and practices for such liberation proposals are largely the same. The preferred details for local communities of volunteers, that have become or intend to become exterritorially autonomous, can be left to themselves. Only the panarchistic framework and their economic self-help possibilities, based on the best declaration of individual rights and liberties and the best liberation techniques and proposals so far published, should be provided for them. This can be done very cheaply with electronic media, from floppies to super-disks, via emails and websites, also via pirate radio stations. - - Naturally, the worst kind of resistance and fighting methods should be very much warned against and criticized. They are still all too widely applied in ignorance of the better methods. - - 50.) NEW COUNTRY MOVEMENTS: A refuge for liberty lovers, like America once was, is dreamed of and worked for by many libertarians. Alas, they envision only libertarian institutions there and not tolerance for those non-libertarians tolerant enough to wish to do their own things only for or to themselves. Only with this general tolerance could such an example demonstrate full liberty, including the free choice not to be free, to the world. - - Even the virtual county, virtual constitution and virtual utopia movement on the Internet might have some educational value. - - Steps towards free countries are various enclaves, in form of free enterprise zones, of which Tangier was probably the most famous, free ports, duty free shops, development zones etc. Precedents were set by the "capitulations", the consular jurisdictions, the foreign concessions in China, the legal position of occupation forces, the ancient personal law tradition, of which remnants still remain, described in thick legal tomes. But all the freedom enclaves so far provided were still all too much under territorial government regulations and extensions of territorial systems rather than consistent applications of exterritorial autonomy for all individuals and groups of individuals. - - It is not impossible that the ancient option of "protégée citizenship" can be developed further. Through it relatively well-off immigrants might come to settle, by a special treaty with its existing government, in an underdeveloped and thus poor country, prepared to pay agreed-upon "protection money" to its regime, in form of taxes - just to be left alone to manage their affairs, develop their property, employ themselves and also many of the natives, demonstrating, practically, all the economic self-help options for a stable currency, full employment and rapid development. - - Such communities could later and gradually develop towards exterritorially fully autonomous personal law communities by good relations as advisors and helpers to local rulers and to their subjects, accepting them into their free system, whenever they volunteer for it and tolerating whatever local changes from a system of full liberty they do want for themselves within their own panarchistic communities. - - It would not be a system of colonial exploitation but a system to demonstrate and utilize a wide range of freedom options, open to all, to the extent that they are prepared to accept them, one by one, for themselves. - - There were periods and areas in Spain in which Arabs, Christians and Jews collaborated, tolerantly and advanced their communities greatly, until the Christian fanatics defeated, expelled or, formally, converted them. Details are not known to me. I only saw some hints towards this in the writings of U. v. Beckerath and in some books. - - After just reading the short but interesting history of Spain in the Encyclopedia Britannica, I found that it embraced several periods of real or relative tolerance, not only the better known instances of intolerance. We have still much too learn from the better historical precedents. - - 51.) OPEN COOPERATIVES AS RECOMMENDED BY THEODOR HERTZKA & ULRICH VON BECKERATH: They would only voluntarily practise the "socialization" of natural monopolies by allowing anyone to work, invest and vote in them, who is interested in their affairs and by paying members and investors according to their work and capital input and the productivity of their work and capital. Open coops are possible e.g. for mines, land, harbors, dams for irrigation and power production, forests, parks, nature reserves, roads, railways, electric power and gas distribution companies, even for patents. Open coops, which neglected to appreciate inventors and discoverers would gain a bad reputation and much opposition in their assemblies from interested members of the public. Theodor Hertzka has described their practice in two futuristic novels or utopias, called "Freeland" and "Travel to Freeland”. I have micro-fiched them in English and German. He has also written much about them in articles and pamphlets. Alas, he did not favor full monetary and financial freedom but some interest-free government credits. Everything good comes rarely together. In "Travel to Freeland" he also describes the defensive strength of a militia made up almost exclusively of sharp shooters. The average shooting of government soldiers is still so bad that it has taken, for about the last 200 years, ca. 100 000 bullets to kill a single soldier of the opposition. Perhaps nowhere else are nationalized practices so inefficient. Are modern figures on this really much better? - - 52.) OPPOSITION PARTIES IN ALL COUNTRIES ARE OUR POTENTIAL ALLIES. EVEN RULING PARTIES ARE, TO THE EXTENT THAT IT IS POSSIBLE TO LIKELY THAT THEY WILL LOSE THE NEXT ELECTION: Panarchism would allow all parties to realize their ideals for their members and voters, regardless of the numbers behind the other parties. - - 53.) PAN A-Z, CONTINUATION OF THIS ALPHABETIZED FILES TOWARDS AN PANARCHISTIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: So far it also includes e.g. panarchistic slogans, panarchistic bibliographical entries, a collection of start-up options, a collection of definitions, another of short statements of panarchism etc. In future such special collection entries might also appear separately. - - 54.) PANARCHIST DISCUSSIONS, DEBATES & LETTER EXCHANGES: The best material from them should be combined and either reproduced in texts, in form of dialogues or Q & A or FAQ compilations. They could also be audio recordings of such synthesized debates as well as video recordings. - - 55.) PANARCHIST REVOLUTION, LIBERATION, RESISTANCE & DEFENCE PROGRAM: I believe that it could and should be the most rightful and useful one in all these spheres and even in many more, like e.g. the achievement of lasting peace in justice and freedom, social reform, reform of education and social insurance systems, justice systems, transport systems etc. etc. It is almost a panacea through its approach to release all creative energies as well as all protective energies for these creative energies. What all too many people hoped to achieve through religious movements and leaders, through territorial States and their misleaders, through vast armies and powerful weapons, can largely and much more rightfully and peacefully achieved through panarchistic approaches, in a market-like, business-like, free enterprise and free competition ways, respecting full consumer sovereignty in all spheres, even those presently still monopolized by territorial governments. - - 56.) PANARCHISTIC ENLIGHTENMENT VIA STATISTICS AND SURVEYS ON EXISTING VARIETIES NOT ONLY AMONG HUMANS BUT ALL AROUND US, to counter the pretence that we do already know enough about the world and ourselves to manage them, centrally and territorially, rightfully and rationally, in spite of the fact that we haven't even defeated the common cold as yet, of which there may be 2000 varieties and numerous other diseases and that territorial governments are, obviously, not able to prevent civil wars, wars, revolutions, terrorism, unemployment, inflation and poverty but, rather, cause them. Thus I am still compiling a special file, called "Pan Numbers, Diversity & Panarchy" currently Version of 16 11 06, to increase awareness of this factor, constituting a part of our remaining ignorance and pretence to be able to manage, centrally, territorially and top down, without knowing and considering all the facts. I called this file shortly: Pan Numbers and long: Variety, Inequality, Disunity, Choice, Autonomy, Voluntarism, Tolerance, Autonomy, Individualism, Individual Sovereignty, Laissez Faire, Freedom, Exterritoriality, and I do seek further input to it. Presently, in Word, it comes to 99 KBs (332 KBs by 7.4.12) and it is offered by me as zipped email attachment to anyone interested and asking for it. - - The ecology and conservation movement has at least done one good thing: It has increased our awareness of some of this diversity, especially among plants and animals and of its potential importance for our lives and our future. It warns us against arbitrary interferences with it. In this it goes, in my opinion, much too far, in wanting e.g. to preserve, fully, the purity of the environment of the Arctic and Antarctic regions, as well as of deserts, as if mankind would not be part of the natural ecology of this planet, too and as if other and smaller beasties would always have to have precedence before the requirements of man. Man, after all, is the only animal that is also a conservationist, in his gardens and flower pots, aquariums, terrariums, adoption of other, mammalian animal pets , his establishment of large natural parks for wild life and for captured animals in zoo displays, nowadays within a more and more natural background. But man has certainly to learn very much still about the long term effects of e.g. his synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, coloring and preservation chemicals and the use of numerous household chemicals upon his own natural processes. - - He has not only decreased but also increased the number of his environmental hazards, often quite unaware of their long-term effects upon his health and life-span. - - It took a long time before the risks from asbestos were taken serious and before e.g. mass x-raying for tuberculosis was discontinued. - - Cathode tube displays for computers and microwave ovens are still widely and thoughtlessly used in spite of the radiation hazards involved and our air is more and more filled with various broadcasted waves and magnetic effects whose long-term effects upon us are still not fully known. - - Even the greenies have now come out in favor, instead as enemies of nuclear reactors, just because they do not produce carbon-bioxide, thereby demonstrating their own ignorance, false premises and wrong assumptions regarding the other risks and costs. - - That land, rives, oceans and the air cannot forever be used indiscriminately as dumping grounds for various dangerous substances, including radioactive ones, is becoming more and more widely but not yet sufficiently recognized. - - Can we e.g. safely tolerate, in the long run, the asserted up to 300 additives to flour that are widely used? Not to speak of all the other food additives, colors and preservatives and pesticides and cleaning fluids and various plastics and paints all around us? - - 57.) PLAYS, FILMS, NOVELS ON AUDIO OR VIDEO DISKS: Now they can be very cheaply produced and distributed on disks. Very few do so far contain any panarchist ideas, even if written by anarchists or libertarians, at least to my knowledge. Please name the exceptions to me. They have still a very wide circulation and live performances can now be video recorded and, probably, often are. - - 58.) POEMS & SONGS ON PANARCHISM? It seems that many young people can only be reached in this way. The statements included in this format are also easily remembered. Do you know of any such attempts that are of some value? - - 59.) POSTAL SERVICES, COMPETITIVE: Governmental monopoly postal services have accumulated dissatisfaction with them for a long time. Thus this one might be one of the easiest of the government monopolies to abolish. Already its monopoly is somewhat infringed by various messenger and courier as well as parcel services and email. Thus one might consider the public as already sufficiently prepared for the complete abolition of this monopoly even for first class mail. - - 60.) PRINCIPLES, FIRST PRINCIPLES & THEIR DECLARATIONS: I know of no attempt to provide an anthology of first principles and their declarations, combined with at least some comparisons and critical evaluations of them. In such declarations panarchist principles would, naturally have to be included und would stand out as radical alternatives, just as they would stand out if included in the various classification systems for political, economic and social movements and aspirations. They and "argument mapping" could put panarchism so to speak on the map. Also the inclusion of all kinds of panarchistic slogans and panarchist interpretations of other freedom slogans, as I have tried to do in my still all too incomplete SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY collection. [Most of its somewhat relevant entries have been included in this compilation. – JZ, 4.8.12.] - - 61.) PROGRAMS & PLATFORMS THAT DESERVE SUCH TEMSS, PUBLIC APPEALS: Computers and their programs have taught us at least one thing: Machines and their programs are no good unless they really work at least in the majority of all cases and for considerable periods. Which territorial government institution, measure and policy has ever worked quite properly, rightly and efficiently? Why should we assume that any mixed bag of all too many of them could be more successful? Appointing a minister for many special aspects of governmental interventionism has certainly not helped, except to multiply the cases of corruption and favoritism as well as of incompetent and careless management. With too many official responsibilities heaped into one man's or woman's hands, genuine knowledge and control by that person becomes lost. Decisions are then made by bureaucratic underlings with fancy titles. Bismarck once confessed that he had to sign most of the papers submitted to him for his signature - quite unread! There were simply too many of them. since then the flood of laws and regulations has become worse. Panarchies would introduce a sufficient division of labor in attempts to achieve reforms. Imagine the natural sciences trying to advance today with free experimentation being suppressed for them. Insofar, quite sound programs, once they are compiled and published, will tend to become "self-realizing". Enough people to follow sound instructions will sooner or later be found and, by their successes, attract more people. - - The history of somewhat sound public appeals, slogans, declarations, proclamations etc. may still have to be written to demonstrate how powerful means, tools, "machinery" or "weapons" they are, and how persuasive their moral strength can be. They can disarm numerous enemies quite peacefully. They can turn enemies into allies or at least into neutrals. They are peaceful "weapons" that we should never reject but try to improve and use as much as possible. Public opinion has often been seen as a potent force. But so far it was mainly under-informed or mis-informed and prejudiced. Under territorial autonomy for volunteers all ideas can become tested, proven or disproven, fast cheaply and by a few people already. - - 62.) PROJECTS LIST, A COMMON ONE, FOR ALL KINDS OF PRO-FREEDOM PROJECTS: If such a list were published and regularly updated, then various panarchistic projects would also get a much better chance to find sufficient supporters, world-wide. Obviously, this could now be done relatively cheaply and as a kind of ideas archive also profitably if it were offered on an annual CD. - - 63.) PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS COMPETING WITH TERRITORIAL POLICE FORCES OR REPLACING THEM: At least this subject has already been widely discussed. Even more so: There exists already a very wide-spread practice of private protective associations. In many countries, like Australia the number of their members has long outnumber that of the official police forces and they do, in their permitted sphere, provide better and more services than the official police forces do provide. But, alas, they are legally restrained in several ways, to uphold the monopoly of the state police forces. Here, too, not less but more really free competition is needed. - - 64.) PROTÉGÉE CITIZENSHIP: It is probably attainable in some countries upon payment of bearable fees. From such a status and gradually full exterritorial autonomy could be developed through considerate policies towards the local territorial governments and their subjects. One might consider free ports and economic development - and free enterprise special zones as steps in this direction. Tangier was also an interesting example and Hong Kong. West Berlin had a special status - surrounded by a quite totalitarian regime. - - 65.) QUESTIONNAIRES FOR PUBLICITY PURPOSES: Intelligent questionnaires, like that of the Advocates for Self-government, in their publication THE LIBERATOR, have so far reached already about 8 million people. - - I believe that it does not include the panarchistic option. Thus such questionnaires should become correspondingly supplemented with such clauses and clauses e.g. on full monetary and financial freedom, and then should become spread much further still, than this one was and is being spread, finally offering the whole political, economic and social spectrum and not just the limited views of it held by some territorial libertarians. - - 66.) REFUGEES & DESERTERS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR THEM: Most important for them would also be a rightful and efficient full employment program, as well as a financial freedom program to promote housing, as suggested especially by Ulrich von Beckerath, who made many useful suggestions on the rightful treatment of deserters as potential friends and allies or at least neutrals. - - 67.) RELIGIOUS LIBERTY OR RELIGIONS TOLERANCE & PANARCHISM: While panarchism is the application of the principles and practice of religious liberty in the political, economic and social sphere, panarchists should endeavor to promote full religious liberty as well, wherever it has not yet been fully realized. Thereby, too, it could gain many supporters. Moreover, panarchists should come out quite clearly for full exterritorial autonomy for all churches and sects that desire it for themselves. Well, with the exception of those, which still want to engage e.g. in the burning of widows and in child sacrifices. If they can find other and voluntary adult victims, they are welcome to them. In this way they could, theoretically, gain many millions of supporters. Among them there would even be some fundamentalists, who, under present conditions, have become very intolerant and fanatic and even turned into mass murderous terrorists. Full tolerance towards all tolerant people would take the wind out of the sails of terrorists, fanatics and fundamentalists. They would be free to "enjoy" their ideals at the own risk and expense and free to try to make more converts. However, they would no longer allowed to prohibit and punish those who secede from them. This factor is very important, since there are e.g. in the US still ca. 70 million church attending Christians and ca. 120 million who listen to religious broadcasts. I have seen some examples even of rabid anti-Semitism among them. And many of them seem to hate Kant as much as Ayn Rand did, also based on wrong motives and premises. - - 68.) RESERVATION NATIVES, ABORIGINALS, ESKIMOS & RED INDIANS: It would be wrong to simply assume that e.g. reservations for Aborigines, Eskimos and Red Indians would automatically be the optimal recruiting areas for panarchists and experimental realization areas for panarchism. The better minds have often fled from them. The rest are often depressed, drug addicts or committed only to traditional tribal life styles or habituated to exploiting merely the tourist trade, gambling. and some arts and crafts options and some agricultural endeavors. They have largely become Welfare State dependents. If some of them, however, could be interested in monetary and financial freedom options and they could overcome the internal resistance from tribal traditionalists, with their "holy land" notions, against such voluntaristic reform attempts among themselves, then from them panarchistic ideas, personal laws, practices and institution, successfully practised by them, could spread, for they do have, by now, many outside sympathizers. Thus for them it might be more difficult to overcome the resistance of their own traditionalists than that of the outside bureaucrats (e.g. the Bureaus for Indian Affairs, that of Aboriginal and Eskimo affairs) and resistance from citizens outside of their reservations. It might also be easier for them to become practising panarchists than it is for us. - - However, how many reservation people have ever asked clearly and publicly for full exterritorial autonomy rather than collective "land rights"? and the continuance of their traditional life style in their reservation areas? Maybe all reservation people should be approached with well drafted model plans on what panarchism would mean for them, if at least some of them adopted them as proposed or as amended by themselves. - - But those minorities which are more or less suppressed and exploited outside the reservations, are much more numerous and are also often, not always, consist of better educated people. Among them are the employee taxpayers in the higher tax brackets and also almost all businessmen, industrialists, numerous farmers as well as professionals, apart from the privileges and exemptions and subsidies, which some of them managed to obtain for themselves, through their lobbies, often at the expense of their customers and the general taxpayers. "Oh, what a tangled web they weave …!" - - But panarchism has at least the potential of a sword that is good enough to cut even through a "Gordic Knot". How often has it already happened in history that a "great" leader, a general, king or emperor was lastly left by almost all if not all his former supporters and followers or subjects and defenders? And this happened then spontaneously, after all too many abuses by them and without a clear model, vision of and appreciation for panarchies, personal laws and for individual secessionism. - - Well explained and publicized panarchism could multiply these occurrences and reduce the number of bloody attempts to uphold unwanted regimes over dissenters. All regimes would tend to become confined to consenting people. Democracies are such institutions only if viewed through some very colored glasses and flawed notions. - - 69.) REVOLUTIONS, WISDOM FROM HINDSIGHT: If all revolutions, military insurrections and civil wars, liberation wars, defence efforts, resistance group activities, putsches, guerilla attempts etc. were systematically studied, then one would soon be able to compile a long lists of what not to do in such situations, because it is counter-productive or quite wrong and also what is really advisable in all such attempts, because it brings one and more certainly to one's rightful aims. In this way and quite pragmatically sound programs could be developed and also somewhat tested with hindsight, on the assumption of “what would have happened if …” - - They could also be supported by theorizing about them and developing sound principles as guides. These would, most likely, be in agreement with sound libertarian and anarchist principles, by stressing voluntarism, competition and cooperation and free market solutions in every sphere rather than power and war games. - - Such studies will be fruitful enough only if they do sufficiently take into consideration the exterritorial autonomy alternatives as well as the best declarations of individual rights and liberties so far published. - Especially all monetary and financial freedom alternatives should be included. - - Anarchists and libertarians should have been pioneers in this field. Instead, they left it largely to totalitarians to develop their kind of totalitarian revolutions in theory and practice, setting up even academies for their kind of "revolutionaries" and terrorists, with corresponding platforms and actions. If freedom lovers had "armed" themselves with genuinely liberating revolutionary platforms, then the totalitarians could not have gained the all too many and prolonged victories they have achieved. - - 70.) SANCTUARIES, PANARCHISM, MOBS & MASSES, HERETICS, DISSENTERS, NONCONFORMISTS, PERSECUTIONS, ASYLUM, MINORITIES, IMMUNITY, EMBASSIES, DIPLOMATIC IMMUNITY, FOREIGN CONCESSIONS: Individual secessionism and exterritorial minority autonomy, once recognized, will be at least the equivalent of the “sanctuaries” formerly provided for those persecuted and pursued out of one or the other motive. However, they will not be sanctuaries for criminals with victims, whenever the victims are members of other panarchies. Offences of members of one panarchy against members of the same panarchy are the business of that panarchy only. – JZ, 14.1.99, 9.9.04. - Provided only that they are genuine offences against basic rights and liberties of members of that community, not legally invented "crimes", like "insults" to their Gods or "treason" against their e.g. socialist ideals. - JZ, 19. 11. 06. - - 71.) SCIENCE FICTION STORIES & NOVELS: I am an SF fan but have only rarely found panarchistic ideas in them. Those I found I listed in my PAN A-Z files. Hopefully, in the future, one will be able to compile and publish a long reading list of this kind. Who among the SF writers will come to push exterritorial autonomy rather than still more territorialism? - - 72.) SECESSION & NONE OF THE ABOVE: "I've been working with a gang of friends in Hawaii to get a 'none of the above' place on the ballot. I view that as a step toward secession, as a matter of fact. Once people become conscious of how silly most political personality choices are, they may become conscious of how very silly most remote politics are in general. ... As for a national movement which, in fact, would encourage communities to act as they had seceded, I see a strong need and response. Perhaps both things go together.” - Karl Hess, Letter to Martin Shepard. - - 73.) SOCIAL INSURANCE, FREE COMPETITION, AT MOST COMPULSORY INSURANCE BUT IN COMPANIES OF THE INDIVIDUAL'S CHOICE. That would require among other things, the abolition of investment restrictions for them, e.g. of the Trustee Acts, that force them to invest in government-insecurities, rather than in productive and high-interest-bearing industrial and agricultural obligations that are credit insured and carry value protection clauses. Decentralized health insurance for instance, for employees of middle enterprises, if properly re-insured, might have as few as 150 - 200 members and operate very cost efficiently, without too many "sickies" being taken by their members or other frauds being committed. Old age insurance could then become very cheap or very enriching, based upon high interest rates for very productive investments of their funds for long periods. Such institutions could issue their own sound currencies for their payouts and contribution payments to them. In his third monetary freedom book, by me fiched in PEACE PLANS No 11, Public Insurance and Compensation Money, did Ulrich von Beckerath provide some details. It is online at www.reinventingmoney.com, in German and English. Transport companies like railways, bus service providers and airlines could also come to issue their own sound currencies, making them independent from the governmental monetary policies and abuses. "Variety is the spice of life!" - In this sphere as well. However, Nazis and communists could confine themselves to their uniform meals and uniforms, as long as they like. - - 74.) STATELESS PERSONS: I have a great personal advantage over you, a unique experience that supplied me food for thought: I was declared stateless, as a an infant, after my parents were "excommunicated" by the Nazi regime, my mother and their two children being held collectively responsible for the "crime" of some freedom of expression actions by my father. This experience helped me to come to favor individual sovereignty and the individual secession option as well as individual responsibility. - JZ, 3.2.87, 22.9.04. The small society of the Kurt & Hildegard Zube family, had by then already broken up. My mother managed to regain the German nationality under the Nazis for herself and he two children. It was a precondition for her getting a job in Nazi Germany and thus to assure our survival, as far as she could. My father regained permission to work only during the war and his German nationality only in 1952. In one of his booklets he proposed an international society for stateless persons, one that would give them an internationally recognized exterritorial status: K.H.Z. SOLNEMAN, “Der Weltverband der Staatenlosen und Du! 1946, 19pp, together with notes and clippings related to the above project, in German and English, with my comments rather in favor of a protégée-citizenship with e.g. Haiti, at least for a start, towards complete exterritorial autonomy, 14 pages, in PEACE PLANS 388. How many stateless persons are there now, who could, possibly, be interested in one or several panarchies for themselves? - JZ, 19. 11. 06. - - 75.) STREET THEATRE: The street theatre people believe themselves to be radicals. But have they ever tried to push anarchist ideas and institutions in this way? JZ, n.d. - - 76.) TAX RESISTANCE, TAX STRIKES & VOLUNTARY TAXATION: Potentially, we can count much of the tax resistance movement on our side. Panarchies would be one of the societal forms to introduce a kind of voluntary taxation, resulting from their voluntary membership. Individual and group secessionism is certainly in many cases a very radical and effective form of tax resistance - if, when and where it does succeed. The advocacy of panarchism would also render tax resistance more popular, for less people, the net tax recipients, would feel threatened by it. They could go on with their voluntary welfare States based upon high compulsory taxation for all or most of their members. - -Thus we should consider tax resisters and voluntary taxation advocates as being on our side - although they are mostly not yet aware of this. Their tax resistance and tax strike and voluntary taxation systems will be more effective if they are accompanied by the models of panarchies for all kinds of volunteers, including those in favor of heavy taxation to finance heave expenditures by their politicians and bureaucrats, according to their statist ideals. - - 77.) Thus there should not only be full freedom and serious efforts to develop sound programs and platforms and to thoroughly discuss and publish them but also to practise them among those, who do believe in them and manage to do so at their own expense and risk. - - Seeing the labor, patience, time, energy, intensity of interest, difficulties of thinking, judging, analyzing, understanding, synthesizing ideas etc. that is involved, such activities should really be considered to be among the most important "actions" All the rest is merely the carrying out or following of sound directions or advice. - - 78.) TRANSPORT PEOPLE, TRANSPORT LIBERATION, COMPETITION & PANARCHISM OR FREE ENTERPRISE IN THAT SPHERE, ALSO COMPLETE CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY: What would it mean and require? Obviously, the freedom to opt out from under transport laws and regulations, transport ministers and their departments, their licensing and regulation systems, their price controls. Bus, taxi, airline and light as well as heavy railway services should become quite independent and competitive. So should the supply of roads and their ownership and maintenance. Where natural monopolies still exist, open coops could and should be introduced for them, at first only on a voluntary basis. - - (Once that model has sufficiently proven itself then such an anti-monopolistic form of organization might even be made compulsory with very wide-spread support from the general public.) - - Driver licensing and vehicle registration by governments and their corresponding "fees" and taxes would be abolished for the secessionists and, to the extent that they are useful, replaced by insurance companies regulating the road usages by their members or by the future owners of roads. Petrol taxes, if levied at all, would be used for improving roads, rather than being, mostly, abused for general revenue purposes. Many steps towards competitive and choice in that area have already been undertaken. - - At the same time, even a prominent person using one of the newly invented two-wheeler stand-up personal transport machines was recently reported as having risked fines of up to $ 1000 for having dared to use such a machine for his short-distance shopping travel on Australian roads. - - Seeing the huge expenditures on public roads, often rather wastefully produced and maintained, one wonders why e.g. bicycle riding has not been made easy and safe in most areas by special paths for this cheap transport. If bicycle riders were e.g. free to allocate part of their tax burdens for such purposes, as part realization of voluntary taxation, we would soon see some improvements in this sphere. This would also be especially promoted by parents and grandparents worried about their children and grandchildren riding on present public roads. Someone suggested once that all ministries for transport should be renamed: Ministries against transport. - - 79.) TRUCK SYSTEM, CANTEEN MONEY ETC. DEVELOPED TO FULL MONETARY FREEDOM: More or less primitive exchange and money experiments have been going on, legally or illegally, for many centuries. All of them deserve to be studied, compared and improved upon as much as possible. Only then will finally one future experiment of this kind bring about a quite rightful and rational as well as very beneficial monetary revolution. Full monetary, value standard, credit, clearing and financial freedom is panarchism in action in one particular and very important sphere. Without understanding and applying it most panarchies would also run into monetary and financial difficulties. Thus this sphere is very important for panarchist studies and actions. - - 80.) TYRANNICIDE, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM & PANARCHISM: Perhaps the only other act that is as inherently rightful, radical and individualistic as is individual secessionism is tyrannicide. By individual secessionism one not only opts out from under a tyranny, to the extent that it becomes possible, but destroys the essence of a tyrannical regime, the leading man of it, who might also, in some case, be a woman. Quite typically, tyrants, even more so than democratic governments, do not permit secession from them and do not recognize the right to resist their tyrannical actions. All too few constitutions have so far clearly recognized the right to resist, engage in a revolution and to commit tyrannicide. Those that permitted individual secessionism were, probably, only the old and unwritten ones, in the ancient personal law tradition. Even samples set by people like Lenin, Mussolini, Stalin, Hitler, Idi Amin, Castro and such guys have not yet sufficiently popularized the idea of tyrannicide. But once State membership become widely voluntary then the remaining tyrants will become all the more despised, hated and resisted and their victims will receive at least sympathy of not outright help, as far as this can be supplied without a war and in wars against a tyrant at least then a clear distinction will be made between his victims and his followers, e.g. by the platforms of recognized governments in exile set up against them. - - 81.) UNITED NATIONS REFORM. EXTERRITORIALLY AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITIES TO BE ACCEPTED AS MEMBERS OR AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE UN TO BE SET UP THAT WOULD ACCEPT ONLY SUCH COMMUNITIES AS MEMBERS, REALIZING THAT ALMOST ALL LARGE TERRITORIAL STATES ARE WARFARE-, EXPLOITATION- OPPRESSION-STATES, QUITE WRONGFUL INSTITUTIONS, EVEN IN THEIR BEST FORMS. Naturally, panarchists should also compile and publish their alternative to the human rights declaration of the UN of 10 12. 1948 (and the various other governmental bills of rights) and to the various treaties and declarations based upon this very flawed and incomplete document. - - 82.) UTOPIAN NOVEL WRITERS & READERS: Rare as libertarian and anarchist writings are among such books, much rarer still are panarchist writings of this kind. At least the introductory essay by de Puydt was written in form of a lively dialogue. Are there other writers who can and will present such ideas in this form? - - 83.) VICTORY BY LIBERTARIANS & PANARCHISM, ELECTIONS & INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM: Precondition for a rapid victory of libertarianism and its protection requires the redefinition of the world “victory” as meaning: Any kind of libertarianism for any kind of libertarian according to their own individual choice and this under conditions in which any other kind of ism is also realized by and only at the expense and risk of those, who do like it for themselves and as long as they can, individually, stand it. If e.g. the LP ever won in all local governments, States and the USA federal and presidential elections then it should allow all its opponents to secede. And to gain the limited and above indicated election victory it should advocate individual and secessionism not only for its own members but for the members of all other movements as well. – JZ, 22.24.04, 4.11.04. 23.11.04. - - 84.) VOLUNTARY STATE MEMBERSHIP WITHOUT RELYING ON EMIGRATION & IMMIGRATION & TERRITORIAL CONSTITUTIONS, LAWS & JURISDICTIONS: The fiction that democracies are already based sufficiently on consent, by their kinds of majoritarian voting and representation or direct democracy systems, has to be revealed as such. Full freedom of association, disassociation, genuine self-government, self-determination and self-management ought to be applied in this sphere and all the pretences of them supposedly already existing in territorially monopoly systems, with compulsory membership and enforced obedience, ought to become sufficiently exposed. For this a panarchist encyclopedia, bibliography, abstracts and review collections, slogans file more websites, disked material collections, "argument mapping", special reference libraries and periodical publications etc. seem to be required. The main principle ought to be clearly stated and upheld: Quite voluntary association and disassociation, including freedom even for individuals to secede and to associate under full exterritorial autonomy. Nothing less will do and can supply all the solutions that are possible and desirable, as fast as possible. The myths of warfare, exploitation and domination by territorial States as "Welfare" States and as defence, peace, security and justice providers ought to become thoroughly refuted. - - 85.) VOTING REFORM, INDIVIDUAL EMANCIPATION, EQUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, INDIVIDUAL & CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY EVEN TOWARDS STATES: The most important is the panarchistic one, at least temporarily against a particular State or panarchy and in favor of a particular exterritorially autonomous government or more or less free society according to one's own ideals. All of us are still deprived of that most important vote. In this respect we are still serfs or even slaves of territorial governments, with an almost meaningless and powerless “free vote”, which gives us practically no power over the own affairs, apart from some limited private actions, while granting very little but quite unjust power over the affairs of others. For the territorial vote the term "free vote" is a contradiction in terms and to consider it as the one and only and most important vote is absurd. - Freedom to decide all the own affairs, rather than any vote on the affairs of others! That would be genuine self-government rather than fictitious self-government. - - 86.) Which of the existing party and movement programs, laws, regulations and institutions, measures and procedures do really pass these tests? - - Under full experimental freedom their failures would rapidly become exposed, while, presently, under territorialism, if through lies, misleading slogans, strong propaganda and appeals to popular errors and prejudices etc. any group has managed to gain territorial power, then, usually, it can maintain itself in that powerful position for all too long, in spite of all its failures in practice and flaws in its hypotheses, theories, platforms, programs, measures, processes, principles and institutions. - - 87.) WORLD FEDERATIONS & WORLD STATES & WORLD-WIDE FREE SOCIETIES - THE PANARCHISTIC & VOLUNTARISTIC MODEL: There could be dozens to hundreds of them, just like we have already thousands of international organizations and thousands of different religions and sects in the world and almost as many different languages. As long as they do confine themselves to their own volunteers only, who would have the right and a reason to object to them? I could well imagine e.g. English, French, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Indian and Japanese world-wide "nations" of volunteers, apart from world-wide racial, religious and ideological panarchies, all only for their voluntary members. They might be direct democratic, representative democratic, monarchic, aristocratic or elitist, anarchistic or libertarian to their hearts' delight. Who cares, if he does not have to be a member in them and does not have to pay taxes to them? If any of them should become abusive, individual secessionism would provide the ultimate solution for their victims. – JZ, n.d., rev. 5.8.12.
STASIS: Stasis always leads to chaos.” – Frank Herbert, The Godmakers, p.139. – Only freedom leads to positive feedback, is sufficiently self-correcting. All attempts to rule and reform territorially, legally and coercively also lead to chaos. Just look at the thousands of often contradictory laws, laws so numerous that no one has the time to read them all, far less to remember them all. Our lawmakers have been very productive of wrongful and interventionist laws and very unproductive when it comes to stating genuine individual rights and liberties. – JZ – ORDER, LAW & ORDER, STABILITY, TERRITORIALISM, HUMAN RIGHTS, LEGISLATORS, PARLIAMENTARISM, REPRESENTATION
STATE & CONTRACTS: Die Natur des Staats liegt nicht im Vertragsverhaeltnis."- Hegel. (The nature of the State does not lie in a contractual relationship.) - Not yet, but it ought to become so! However, he is right regarding territorial States. They do arise neither from contracts nor fall from their absence, nor can they be legally and unilaterally ended by free individual and group secessionism. Instead, they rise and maintain themselves by conquest, fraud and deceptions, the opposite of free contracts. Exterritorially autonomous governments on the other hand, are obviously based on individual and group contracts and remain limited by them. Many of the great generalizations are quite false or misleading and often had mass-murderous consequences. Even today the peace promoting characteristics of voluntary governments may not have been fully realized by more than a few dozen people in the whole world. And I do not know all of these few, either. - How much could a dozen active apostles for panarchism achieve, in their lifetime, if they made optimal use of modern information storage and communication options? - JZ 15.1.93, 10.12.03. - Relatively much, if they made full use of their alternative media options, today especially, for large volumes of their information, of the CD-publishing options. - JZ, 9.9.04. – I saw two estimates regarding the TBs required for a library the size of the Library of Congress. One came to 15 TBs, the other 10 TBs. External HDD of 3 TBs are already cheaply offered and all freedom wring would, probably, required much less than 3 TBs. Am I wrong in this? So what is holding us back, except e.g. the legalized copyrights monopolies? – J.Z., 5.8.12. - FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, FREE CHOICE, CONSENT, DIS., TERRITORIALISM
STATE & EGO, INDIVIDUALS: Das Ich ist ein Staat, der wie jeder andere seine inneren Schwierigkeiten in aeusseren Konflikten abreagieren will." (The Ego is a State, which, like any other State, wants to overcome its inner conflicts through external conflicts with others.) - Ron Kritzfeld. - A truly free individual will tend to be so busy, creatively and productively, that he will have neither time nor energy left for external meddling. And he is always free to try something else and will have less reasons, motives or excuses, than any citizen have now, to blame others for his failures. - JZ 5.7.92, 10.12.03. - SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, DIS., SCAPEGOATISM, BLAMING OTHERS FOR THE OWN MISTAKES
STATE & EGO, SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-DETERMINATION, AUTONOMY: Das "'Ich' - das ist ein Staat, den ich mit ziemlicher Blindheit regiere." (The Ego is a State which I govern rather blindly.) - Hilsbecher. - But I have the right to do so, at my own expense and risk, to the extent that I will rather suffer from my part-blindness and benefit from my limited abilities and efforts than become subjected to the more or less benevolent and selfish vision of others. - JZ 5.7.92, 15.1.93, 5.8.12.
STATE & FORCE: the state ... is the only historical institution which has the monopoly of force. This is the main source of all our present-day troubles. - Bronislaw Malinowski, Freedom and Civilization, p.265. - What he means but does not say is: A monopoly of force in a whole territory, due to territorial sovereignty and its recognition by all too many of its victims. Otherwise, States would have only authority over consenting victims, i.e. only temporarily, over individuals - as long as they do consent. Moreover, then they would be exposed to free competition by other exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers and even by single enterprises that offered competitive public services and by some peaceful individuals happy to do their own things for themselves. (E.g., looking after their own old age insurance.) All political, economic and social affairs look different from the viewpoint of individual sovereignty, exterritorial autonomy and individual secessionism and voluntarism. - JZ 29.7.92, rev. 93 & 9.9.04.
STATE & FREEDOM: the State as the manifestation of the lack of freedom, …” - Stirner, in: John Henry Mackay, Max Stirner, p.111. - He, too, did not distinguish territorial States and societies from non-territorial ones, with the latter, by their nature, peacefully competing for voluntary members, just like producers and distributors compete for voluntary customers. - He even managed to equate right with might. - If that were true then every mighty State would also be quite rightful, not only legalized by itself. - JZ, 8.3.11, 5.8.12. – TERRITORIALISM, SOVEREIGNTY, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, MONETARY DESPOTISM, TAXATION, FINANCIAL DESPOTISM
STATE & INDIVIDUALS, THE STATE CONTRACT: Den Staat konstruiert Fichte so, dass er eine aus Individuen und nur aus Individuen bestehende Institution ist, wobei es dem Einzelnen freisteht, durch Vertrag dem Staatsvertrag beizutreten oder nicht. - Manfred Buhr. Und aus dem Staatsvertrag auszutreten! - JZ (The State is constructed by Fichte as follows: It is an institution made up of individual and only of individuals. The individual remains free to join a State contract by his own contract or not to do so. - Manfred Buhr. - And he may individually secede from the State contract! - JZ)
STATE & ITS ABOLITION: Anarchists want the State ABOLISHED, either by revolutions or by reforms or non-violent actions. Panarchists want to abolish only 2 of its most important and coercive features: Territorialism and compulsory membership. They would leave the rest up to individual choice. – J.Z., n.d.
STATE & SOCIETY, ACCORDING TO ROCKER: Let us not deceive ourselves: IT IS NOT THE FORM OF THE STATE, IT IS THE STATE ITSELF WHICH CREATES THE EVIL AND CONTINUALLY NOURISHES AND FOSTERS IT. The more the government crowds out the social element in human life or forces it under its rule, the more rapidly society dissolves into its separate parts; which then lose all inner connection and either rush thoughtlessly into idiotic collisions over conflicting interests or drift helplessly with the stream, not caring whither they are born." - R. Rocker, "Nationalism and Culture", 529. - It is the TERRITORIAL form of the State which creates the evil and continually nourishes and fosters it. Under it society is not crowded out or dissolved but outlawed in those spheres which the territorial State has preempted. Individuals not free to secede from the State are not free to associate in exterritorially autonomous societies. Only underground forms of society remain and relatively insignificant and not fully autonomous voluntary associations. All separate all-over societies and separate sub-societies are constitutionally, legally and juridically not permitted or free to gradually develop. Thus self-help knowledge and traditions begin to be forgotten and have to be re-learned when this oppression disappears. I have observed that even within my own little discussion centre in Berlin, 1957-59. Even then all of the traditions of free opinion exchanges had not yet been rediscovered or re-learned by all West-Berliners, from the period of their suppression for 12 years from 1933-45. People who are taxed, conscripted and ordered into self-destructive and other-destructive collisions, in the interests of their own rulers, do not rush into them "thoughtlessly" and against their own interest. When one neglects the territorialist aspect and the exterritorial options, both diagnosis and proposed treatments must become incomplete or flawed. - JZ 12.1.93, 22.9.04, 5.8.12.
STATE & SOCIETY: The State, in short, subjects people, whereas society associates them voluntarily." - Felix Morley, State & Society, in Templeton, The Politicization of Society, p.58. - Alas, such general formulas have only rarely led people to consistent panarchistic or polyarchic thinking, ideas and proposals. - JZ, 10.12.03, 22.9.04, 5.8.12.
STATE & WAR, A SHORT BIBLIOGRAPHY: State. For the role of the state, the functions of war and the link between state and war see the following texts: Piotr Kropotkin (1897) The State [L'Etat - Son rôle historique] http://www.panarchy.org/kropotkin/1897.state.html - "State is synonymous with war. Wars devastated Europe and managed to finish off the towns which the State had not directly destroyed." (Piotr Kropotkin) - Randolph Bourne (1919) The State, Resistance Press, New York, 1919. - The essay "War is the Health of the State" is at http://www.panarchy.org/bourne/state.1918.html . - For a more recent libertarian view about the war-state link see also Murray Rothbard (1963) War, Peace, and the State - http://www.lewrockwell.com/rothbard/rothbard26.html . - Also worth reading is Rothbard's dissection of the reality of the State which contains very interesting insights on war, territory and nationalism. Murray Rothbard (n.d.) The Anatomy of the State. - http://www.lewrockwell.com/rothbard/rothbard62.html - For Rothbard (following Franz Oppenheimer) "the State is the systematization of the predatory process over a given territory." Moreover, "the natural tendency of a State is to expand its power, and externally such expansion takes place by conquest of a territorial area." - For a general view on state power - Bertrand de Jouvenel (1945) On Power: its nature and the history of its growth. (Du pouvoir: histoire naturelle de sa croissance.), Liberty Press, Indianapolis, 1993. - For de Jouvenel "the State is in essence the result of the successes achieved by a band of brigands who superimpose themselves on small, distinct societies." - About the criminal side of state power see Alex Comfort (1950) Authority and Delinquency in the Modern State. A criminological approach to the problem of power, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London. - For the ideological background of a never ending war against ever present enemies (terrorists) and about the manipulation of people's minds see George Orwell (1948) Nineteen Eighty-Four. "War is Peace." - http://www.panarchy.org/orwell/war.1949.html - "Ignorance is Strength" - http://www.panarchy.org/orwell/ignorance.1949.html - Sigmund Freud expressed some powerful considerations about war and the State in (1915) Thoughts for the Times on War and Death. However his final analysis is very poor and misleading. His essay can be found at - http://www.panarchy.org/freud/war.1915.html . - For a series of quotations about the war and the state go to http://www.polyarchy.org/documents/index.html and, in particular, to http://www.polyarchy.org/documents/war.html . - For the function of war as the means to promote and develop a centralized social organization see Anonymous (1967) Report from Iron Mountain on the Possibility and Desirability of Peace, Penguin, Harmondsworth. - For the mass murder activities of the State see the writings by R. J. Rummel, Power, Democide and War. - http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/ - R. J. Rummel (1994) Death by Government. - http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/NOTE1.HTM - "My overall totals for world democide 1900-1999 ... I have estimated it to be 174,000,000 murdered (by the state)." (R. J. Rummel) - A recent essay on the close link between war and the State is - Anthony Gregory (1998) Warmongering is the Health of Statism. - http://www.lewrockwell.com/gregory/gregory98.html - For contemporary examples of how war is conducted by the State see Llewellyn H. Rockwell jr. (1998) What Is Terror? - http://www.mises.org/story/30 - Yuri N. Maltsev (1999) Why Russia Is Destroying Chechnya - http://www.mises.org/story/307 - A wealth of data and insightful ideas on the State and war is in Martin Van Creveld (1999) The Rise and Decline of the State, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. - See also Charles Tilly (1990) Coercion, Capital, and European States, Blackwell, Oxford, 2001. - Gian Piero de Bellis in his "Waiting for the bomb." - WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, BORDERS, FRONTIERS, STATISM, POWER, WAR & PEACE
STATE & WAR: A state is absolute ... when it claims the right to a monopoly of all the force within the community, to make war, to make peace, to conscript life, to tax, to establish and disestablish property, to define crime, to punish disobedience, to control education, to supervise the family, to regulate personal habits, and to censor opinions. The modern state claims all these powers, and in the matter of theory there is no real difference in the size of the claims between communists, fascists, and democrats." (Walter Lippmann, A Preface to Morals, 1929) - Quoted by Gian Piero de Bellis in his "Waiting for the bomb." - Appendix: Waiting for the Bomb? -
STATE & WAR: The conditions that make it possible for an organization to conduct large scale and prolonged mass violence consist in the exertion of: territorial sovereignty (territorialism) - exclusive rule (monopolism) - pervasive power (totalitarianism). - These are, in actual fact, the characteristics of the absolute state, which are expressed in their most mature and complete form by the modern nation state through its territorial, monopolistic and totalitarian democracy. …Wars (i.e. large scale - long term violence) can be started and carried on only in presence of these conditions, and it is fair to say that aggressive and expansionistic adventures will be more likely to be on the agenda of such an organization (i.e. the state) the more it is characterized by and can rely on those conditions. These tendencies were in the ascendant and then rampant in the first half of the 20th century with the introduction and consolidation of all sorts of rules (passports, protective tariffs, economic regulations, etc.) and ruling bodies (for administrative permits, policy directives, etc.). To sum it up, huge regulatory and directive apparatuses were instituted for state supremacy and wars, and they became more and more entrenched for the simple reason that state supremacy and wars, once there, require increasing doses of state control (i.e. state centralization, state direction). - Gian Piero de Bellis in his "Waiting for the bomb." - Appendix: Waiting for the Bomb? - TERRITORIALISM, BORDERS, FRONTIERS, POWER, STATISM, PEACE, STATE & WAR: The state makes war and war makes the state." (Charles Tilly, 1990) - Quoted by Gian Piero de Bellis in his "Waiting for the bomb." - Appendix: Waiting for the Bomb?
STATE & WAR: War is the health of the State. It automatically sets in motion throughout society those irresistible forces for uniformity, for passionate co-operation with the Government in coercing into obedience the minority groups and individuals which lack the larger herd sense." … "The State is intimately connected with war, for it is the organization of the collective community when it acts in a political manner, and to act in a political manner towards a rival group has meant, throughout all history - war." (Randolph Bourne, The State, 1919) - Quoted by Gian Piero de Bellis in his "Waiting for the bomb." - Appendix: Waiting for the Bomb?
STATE ABSOLUTISM: State absolutism is no respecter of persons or places. … Always and everywhere it is at war with the free, God-given nature of man. For that reason alone, none of the real, pretended or promised benefits of State absolutism can possibly justify its existence. It is out to destroy man and consequently man must destroy it in self-defence.” – Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.65. - Without its territorial monopolism and coercion its teeth and claws would be removed. All those disappointed by it - and that would include many of its bureaucrats, soldiers and policemen, would be free to secede from it. Their support through compulsory territorial taxes would disappear as well. It would be exposed to free and peaceful competition from communities and societies of volunteers, freely and exterritorially trying to realize the ideals of their voluntary members. At least some of them would know how to use monetary and financial freedom to rapidly abolish involuntary unemployment, inflation and deflation and end and prevent economic crises. Their successes would soon be widely copied. - JZ, 8.3.11. - TOTALITARIANISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM. PROGRESS THROUGH EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR VOLUNTEERS, STATISM.
STATE AS TERRITORIAL MASTER: Let us determine that we shall not allow the state to be our master, but that we shall be the masters of the state. The long road of history is lined with the ruins of those states, which bought the souls and wills of their peoples by the lure of a granted security, and then led them to ruin by the same mirage. The world does not need one more such ruin ..."- Russell J. Clinchy, quoted in "THE FREEMAN". - The territorial state is so constructed that it does not allow free individuals, who could master it. Free individuals could establish or pick and choose among or leave their own kinds of panarchies (exterritorially autonomous societies of volunteers) as they please. - JZ, 31.7.92, 9.1.93. - Any slave free to leave his master is no longer a slave. - JZ, 9.9.04.
STATE GOVERNMENTS: I would support the abolition of State governments, too, if it were accompanied by the abolition of the federal government and all local governments as well. – JZ, 25.1.89. – Only as associations of volunteers should any one of them be allowed to continue – as their risk and expense. – JZ, 3.6.08. – FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, ABOLITION? VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, LAWS, STATE SECURITY, STATE SECRETS
STATE MEMBERSHIP: All State membership and all subordination to States to become voluntary except for criminals and aggressors with victims. That requires the abolition of all territorial monopolies and the restriction of all territorial constitutions, laws, regulations and juridical schemes to personally contracted-for schemes. There should be freedom for individuals to choose between all kinds of governments, societies and communities, just like they have already, extensively, freedom to choose between all kinds of religions – or non-religious ideologies. – This freedom is implied e.g. in the following statement by Lysander Spooner, in “No Treason, I”, introduction, pages III & IV, in Works I: “The principle, on which the war was waged by the North, was simply this: That men may be rightfully be compelled to submit to, and support, a government that they do not want; and that resistance, on their part, makes them traitors and criminals. - - No principle, that is possible to be named, can be more self-evidently false than this; or more self-evidently fatal to all political freedom. Yet it triumphed in the field, and is now assumed to be established. If it be really established, the number of slaves, instead of having been diminished by the war, has been greatly increased; for a man, thus subjected to a government that he does not want, is a slave. And there is no difference, in principle – but only in degree – between political and chattel slavery. The former, no less than the latter, denies a man’s ownership of himself and the products of his labor, and asserts that other men may own him, and dispose of him and his property, for their purposes, and at their pleasure.” - TERRITORIALISM, SLAVERY, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, ENFORCED UNITY, STATISM VS. SECESSIONISM & VOLUNTARISM, CIVIL WAR
STATE POWER: State power leads inevitably to conflict.” – LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 3/78, p.5. – Yes, if it is territorial power. If it is confined to volunteers only and exterritorial autonomy under personal laws, in free competition with xyz other such societies, communities or competing governments, then it is usually harmless to non-members and tends to become harmless even towards its voluntary members – in order not to lose all of them. – JZ, 5.7.08. – WAR, WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM
STATE RIGHTS: A concern for states rights, local self government and regional identity used to be taken for granted everywhere in America. But the United States is no longer, as it once was, a federal union of diverse states and regions. National uniformity is being imposed by the political class that runs Washington, the economic class that owns Wall Street and the cultural class in charge of Hollywood and the Ivy League.” – Michael Hill, professor of British History, University of Alabama. - - Alas, a similar concern was still lacking, for over two centuries - for e.g. the abolition of negro slavery, tax-, military and school-slavery and other remainders of feudalism and for the abolition of all monopolies, especially the monetary one, for voluntary instead of compulsory taxation, for free militias rather than State controlled ones, for all individual human rights and liberties, rather than for the few classical ones in the Bill of Rights Amendments, especially for individual and groups secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for voluntary communities. Too many wrongs were legally preserved rather than abolished and thus many more wrongs could become introduced. - The views of limited government libertarians and conservatives are still all too limited with regard to full individual liberty. - JZ, 26. 11. 06, 5.8.12. - LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT, REGIONALISM, AMERICANISM, FEDERALISM, DEMOCRACY, SELF-GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, SELF-DETERMINATION WITHOUT PANARCHISM
STATE RIGHTS: no government and no state possesses any “rights”, including the right of self-preservation. Only individuals possess rights; any belief that a state owns rights involves a much too organic view of government.” – R. K. Foley, THE FREEMAN, 11/75, p.685. – RIGHTS, INDIVIDUALISM
STATE RIGHTS: Territorial “power centres fighting each other.” – George Smith, 25.7.04. – Instead of xyz non-territorial societies of volunteers peacefully coexisting with each other. – JZ, 25.7.04. - PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE RIGHTS: The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government …” – US Constitution, Article 4, Section 4. - - It does not guarantee to every citizen the State or society of his or her choice but suppresses that right by means of "the" vote, which denies that individual choice vote. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. - FEDERALISM, REPUBLICANISM, PANARCHISM, FREE CHOICE OF GOVERNMENTS OR SOCIETIES – FOR INDIVIDUALS VS. TERRITORIALISM, VOTING, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY TOWARDS WHOLE POLITICAL, ECONOMIC & SOCIAL SYSTEMS.
STATE SECURITY: State security services saw to it that through making citizens insecure the security of the State functionaries is secured.” – Ron Kritzfeld. – Only in a rough JZ translation of: “Staatssicherheitsdienst: Sorgt durch Verunsicherung der Buerger fuer die Sicherheit der Staatsfunktionaere.” - SECRET SERVICES, TERRITORIALISM, SECURITY, INSECURITY
STATE SOCIALISM & CAPITALISM (IN FORM OF THE MIXED ECONOMY ONLY): We have seen the decline of State socialism in competition with the mixed economy States, misnamed capitalistic ones. Most of the totalitarian State socialist regimes have collapsed by now. Some others gradually adopt free market practices, particularly mainland China, even under its remaining communist rulers. Others, like North Korea and Cuba still adhere to communist totalitarianism, in spite of the continuing disasters it causes. But even this degree of decline of State socialism took many decades and millions of victims. The decline of both systems would have been much faster if individuals had been given their individual choice for the system they preferred for themselves. As it was, more or less uniform territorial systems were imposed, even though, sometimes, only via majority votes conducted more or less freely and honestly. Under free competition for volunteers, State socialism would have declined on both sides, very fast, for most people and there would have been numerous much more free and less coercive alternatives, for everyone, including quite free systems, and this rather soon. – JZ, 26.1.05.
STATE SOCIALISM: A government of the many at the mercy of the few.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. – Alas, this does not only apply to openly State-socialistic totalitarian governments but to a large degree to all territorial governments. – JZ, 7.6.08. Their territorialism is already a strong totalitarian feature. – J.Z., 5.8.12.
STATE SOCIALISM: All socialism involves slavery. … That which fundamentally distinguishes the slave is that he labours under coercion to satisfy another's desires.” - Herbert Spencer, "The Coming Slavery," THE CONTEMPORARY REVIEW, April 1884, p.474. This essay was reprinted in chapter 2 of his Book, Man vs. the State (1884). - This hardly applies to voluntary socialism or to all forms of cooperative socialism, however accurate it is for all kinds of territorially imposed forms of socialism, communism and collectivism. - JZ, 14.10.02, 11.3.11. - SLAVERY, SERFDOM
STATE SOCIALISM: An inevitable consequence of socialism is the division of society into two groups: those who are consuming government "services" and those who are paying for them.” – Lee Robinson - Alas, compulsory taxation is an essential feature of all other territorial States as well, including the democratic Welfare States. - JZ, 8.3.11. – State Socialism should be distinguished from e.g. voluntary and cooperative socialism. – J.Z., 5.8.12. - WELFARE STATE, PATERNALISM, NET TAX PAYERS & NET TAX CONSUMERS, CLASS WARFARE, DIS., TERRITORIALISM
STATE SOCIALISM: As Tucker defined it, state socialism is “the doctrine that all the affairs of men should be managed by the government, regardless of individual choice.” – Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.157. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE SOCIALISM: Because, to sum up, State Socialism succeeds in combining in itself all the elements that are most opposed to real progress - the restriction and regulation of the individual; the confiscation of his faculties, whether he wills it or not, for the use of the State; an unlimited use of violence and spoliation to establish itself as a system; an unlimited use of force to carry itself on when once established as a system; a complete disregard of all the rights of minorities; and a belief - exaggerated to the point of superstition - in the rights of majorities, as if three men were something higher and two men something lower than their fellow-men; a belief in machinery and external appliances and great uniform systems, as if men lived by bread alone, and as if any gifts of the State could make up for the imprisonment of the spiritual and moral part of their nature within the prison-house of universal regulation… “ - Auberon Herbert, A Voluntaryist Appeal. (8) - MAJORITIES, STATISM, TOTALITARIANISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE SOCIALISM: Do not ever consider Collectivists as “sincere but deluded idealists”. The proposal to enslave some men for the sake of others is not an ideal; brutality is not “idealistic”, no matter what its purpose. Do not ever say that the desire to “do good” by force is a good motive. Neither power-lust nor stupidity are good motives.” - Ayn Rand, Textbook of Americanism, in: “The Ayn Rand Column”, revised edition, 1998, p 94, Second Renaissance Books, New Milford, Connecticut, www.rationalmind.com - - However, to the extent that these ideologies and their practices do find voluntary victims and as long as they do, they are justified lessons for these voluntary members, subjects and victims. – Naturally, such systems cannot be rightfully practised territorially, upon dissenters. - JZ, 17.9.07, 5.8.12. - COLLECTIVISM & IDEALISM, DIS., EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS VS. TERRITORIALISM
STATE SOCIALISM: In its territorial, monopolistic, centralistic, coercive, wrongful, inefficient, impoverishing and disabling ways it can, nevertheless, be kept going on for decades – at the expense of and with disservices to its involuntary tax slaves and other victims. – JZ, 3.9.92, 8.3.11. – Just like any “democratic” “Welfare State” can be. – JZ, 2.6.08. - COMPULSORY STATE MEMBERSHIP, SUBORDINATION & EXPLOITATION, TERRITORIALISM
STATE SOCIALISM: It is State Socialism,” Tucker charged, “which dreads the growth of voluntary cooperation, since men familiar with the advantages of the latter will never take kindly to the compulsory features inseparable form the former.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.162. - The same charge can be raised against any other kind of territorial States. - JZ, 8.3.11.
STATE SOCIALISM: It must be always born in mind that Socialism differs from other systems in this essential, that it recognizes, and, so to speak, sanctifies compulsion as a universally true and proper method; and the compulsion, which it sanctifies, must for practical reasons, as well as for the assumed virtues of the compulsion itself, be left undefined and unlimited in extent. It represents the belief that prosperity, happiness, and morality are to be conferred upon the world by force - the force of some men applied to other men.” - Auberon Herbert, Salvation by Force. - As territorial States all other States have sanctified this kind of compulsion as well. They are better only by lesser degrees of territorial compulsion. - JZ, 8.3.11. - COMPULSION, FORCE, COERCION, TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACY, WELFARE STATES
STATE SOCIALISM: It was a Russian writer, Konstantin Leontiev, who, in the last years of the nineteenth century, said, ‘Socialism is the feudalism of the future’.“ – Robert Conquest, We & They, Civil & Despotic Cultures, Temple-Smith, London, 1980, p.107. – Every territorial State shows at least degrees of feudalism, with its tribute levies and all too numerous territorially imposed laws and its suppression of individual and group secessionism. - JZ, 8.3.11. - FEUDALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE SOCIALISM: State socialism is almost complete bureaucracy in action. – JZ, 13.3.88. – It can neither please its bureaucrats nor its victims. – JZ, 29.5.08. – At least not in its enforced and territorial form. – JZ, 9.4.09. - If some foolish volunteers impose it only upon themselves, I would have not objection to their actions. They would deserve the consequences and would serve as deterrent examples to outsiders. - JZ, 8.3.11. - EXTERRITORIAL STATE SOCIALISM BUT FOR ITS VOLUNTEERS ONLY! BUREAUCRACY, MONOPOLISM, CENTRALIZATION, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM
STATE SOCIALISM: The fatal flaw in socialism is twofold: first, the conceit inherent in the desire to plan the lives of others; second, the force necessary to impose that plan on unwilling subjects. This is not a formula for freedom but for tyranny.” – Jim Peron in The Ideals of Tyranny – IT TENDS TOWARDS TYRANNY, IF PRACTISED TERRITORIALLY UPON INVOLUNTARY VICTIMS
STATE SOCIALISM: The Socialist assumes - he is obliged to assume for the sake of his system - that men have a right to use force for any purpose and to any extent that he desires, in order that he may be enabled to restrain men from using their faculties for their own individual advantage. If you ask which men are to be the depositories of force, he can only answer, the biggest number of men; or if not the biggest number, then such a number of men as by efficient organization can succeed in obtaining possession of power and in retaining it. - I need not spend time in proving this point. Every thorough-going Socialist, who is willing to deal frankly in the matter, will admit that Socialism rests on the corner-stone of force. Private property is by force to be turned into common property; and when that has taken place, no individual will be allowed to acquire private property or to employ it for his own purposes, except to a very small extent, and under strict regulations. … The whole meaning of Socialism is force, applied in restraint of faculties. For good or for evil, it is the attempt to place all men and all human affairs under a compulsory system; and to allow no free system to exist by the side of its own system, which would be necessarily endangered by such rivalry. It differs from every free system in this essential particular; that under liberty, you may give away your own liberty, if you think good, and be a Socialist, or anything else you like; under Socialism, you must be a Socialist, and may not make a place for yourself in any free system.” - Auberon Herbert, Salvation by Force. - It has territorial coercion, taxation and many monopolies and other wrongful interventions in common with all other territorial systems. - JZ, 8.3.11.
STATE VS. SOCIETY: Dissolve the State in Society. - JZ 1.9.81. - Dissolve the State into free societies. JZ 4.6.92. - Dissolve the territorial State into autonomous and exterritorial societies of volunteers. - JZ, 4.6.92. - Formally, "the" State could be allowed to continue, but "emasculated", i.e., deprived of all exclusive, centralistic and coercive TERRITORIAL powers. In that respect all present States must be made quite impotent. - They should no longer be able to rape, exploit, murder, dominate or otherwise victimize us against our individual wills. - No more feudal or "royal privileges" of any kind! - JZ, 10.12.03.
STATE, ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS, FREE SOCIETIES, CONTRACTING OUT & PANARCHISM: The State is a condition, a certain relationship among human beings, a mode of behavior between them; we destroy it by contracting other relationships, by behaving differently toward one another… We are the State, and we shall continue to be the State until we have created the institutions that form a real community and society of men.” – Gustav Landauer, quoted by Peter Marshall, in: Demanding the Impossible, 411. - Lesser ideals may also be freely realized by their believers - at their own expense and risk. This is also an essential freedom that should be defended by anarchists and libertarians. - Not only societies of "angels" are possible and desirable. Societies of devils have their role to play, too. Not only as deterrent examples. Even they could, if sufficiently rational, establish a society of equal rights for each of them, for themselves, as already Kant pointed out, 1795 in his "Towards Eternal Peace". - JZ, 9.9.04.
STATE, GROUP FREEDOM, AUTONOMY: Lord Acton was keen that the freedom of groups should be maintained and increased. He told Simpson that what was most needed for a theory of liberty was a right notion of corporations and their place in society. The modern theory, he lamented, condemned all groups beside the State as subversive, and recognises only an atomic freedom for the individual. In his essay on 'Nationality', Acton argued that many national groups within a state would check the tendency to absolutism. F. W. Maitland pointed in horror to France where, 'we may see the pulverising, macadamising tendency in all its glory, working from century to century, reducing to impotence, and then to nullity, all that intervenes between man and State’." - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.31. - Pluralist and quite autonomous societies - and competing governments - would no longer be within the framework and subjected to the territorial State although geographically their voluntary members would continue to live and work within its territorial borders - but with immunity from its constitution, laws and jurisdiction, as far as all their own affairs are concerned: exterritorially autonomous. Most pluralists did not go so far but considered their pluralist societies to be parts of one territorial State. - JZ, 22.9.04.
STATE, INDIVIDUALS & THE STATE CONTRACT OR SOCIAL CONTRACT: Den Staat konstruiert Fichte so, dass er eine aus Individuen und nur aus Individuen bestehende Institution ist, wobei es dem Einzelnen freisteht, durch Vertrag dem Staatsvertrag beizutreten oder nicht. - Manfred Buhr. - Und aus dem Staatsvertrag auszutreten! - JZ, n.d. (The State is constructed by Fichte in a way that he is an institution consisting of individuals and only of individuals, with the individuals remaining free to join the State contract or not. - Manfred Buhr - And to Withdraw from the State Contract! – JZ, n.d.) – INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY,
STATE, PANARCHISM & FREE ASSOCIATION: the state did not allow free association ... - C. Bax, Kropotkin on Law, in Holterman, Law in Anarchism, p. 167. - Panarchism does, JZ 25.5.84. It even demands it because this constitutes its essence and the best chance for all other isms that are tolerant and thus rightful. - JZ 15.1.93, 5.8.12.
STATE, SERVITUDE & MEMBERSHIP IN SOCIETY: he is now exchanging membership in society for servitude in the State." - Felix Morley, State and Society, in Templeton, The Politicization of Society, 65.
STATE, STATISM, SUBORDINATION: the State is a separate entity placed above the nation which may give orders to the nation." - Bluntschli, Staatsrecht, quoted in S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, 182. Compare that with Caroline Chisholm's (1808-1877) remark: Nothing but what is voluntary is deserving the name national. (The ABC of colonization in a series of letters, No. 1, 1850)Let those in favor of B.'s definition separate themselves out or let us separate ourselves from them, so that they can proceed to subordinate themselves as much as they like, exterritorially, to others, their beloved great leaders and prophets, politicians, generals, jailers and bureaucrats. - JZ, 3.7.92, 6.1.93.
STATE, TERRITORIAL & MONOPOLIES: The State is the only institution in society which is ROOTED in monopoly and coercion (other organizations practise monopoly and coercion, when they do, nearly always by State sanction). Let the State compete with any other "State" (and society in the same area and also world-wide - JZ, 9.9.04) that may show itself better able to do what it promises." - L. Labadie, DISCUSSION, A Journal for Free Spirits, No. 6, Sept. 37, p.17. (I still want issues 1-4 of this magazine for microfilming. JZ) - The territorial State is thereby "rooting" us. - JZ, 12.12.03.) In all its remaining best intentions and false pretences, the State itself is raped, “rooted” or “fucked” by its territorialism, as long as it remains a territorial State. – JZ, 5.8.12.
STATE, TERRITORIAL: The territorial State is the product of political and economic prejudices and, especially, of ignorance, power addiction, power-madness and intolerance in this sphere. - JZ, 20.12.87, 5.8.12.
STATE, TERRITORIALISM, WAR, SELF-CONTROL: Destroy the machine of war: the (*) State, and let all men control their own destiny.” – Jim Bennett in WABOS, March/April 1972. (*) Here he should have inserted: “territorial”. – JZ
STATE, UNDERMINING OR DESTROYING IT: The state must go! Nor will I have anything to do with revolution! Undermine the state concept; establish free choice and its intellectual implications as the sole determinant for a union - that is the beginning of a freedom that is worth something! A change in the form of government is nothing but a fussing about degrees - a little more or a little less - all of it's just nonsense. Yes, my dear friend, all that counts is not to let yourself be frightened by the venerableness of ownership. The state had its roots in time; it will reach its growth in time. Greater things than it will fall; all religion will fall." - Rocker, "Nationalism and Culture", 432, quoting Ibsen, Letter to Georg Brandes, Feb. 17, 1873. Briefe von Henrik Ibsen, Berlin, 1905, p. 159. - Only its territorial, and thus monopolistic and coercive features have to be abolished. What would remain would be another exterritorially autonomous community of volunteers, doing their things to or for themselves - quite at the own expense and risk. - JZ, 22.9.04. – DIS.
STATE, UNITY, FREE MEN, RIGHTS & PANARCHISM: A state is a perfect body of free men, united together to employ common rights and advantages. - Hugo Grotius, De jure belli ac (et?) pacis, I, 1625. - People are not united but captured, herded and fenced-in by national territorial governments. Without the individual secession option they cannot be rightly called "united". Their "unity" is nothing but a confidence trick or a coercively upheld empire. - JZ, 5.7.86 & 28.6.01. - Under the threat of ABC mass murder devices all territorial States have now become not only nation-wide prisons but also extermination camps for all their people and the people subjected to territorial enemy regimes. Only the year, month, week, day and hour of their extermination has not yet been determined. - JZ, 9.9.04. – UNITY? DIS., TERRITORIALISM
STATE: [It] is the sole agent of happiness; it provides for their security, foresees and supplies the necessities, facilitates their pleasures, manages their principal concerns, directs their industry, regulates the descent of property, and subdivides their inheritances – what remains, but to spare them all the care of thinking and the trouble of living? - - Thus every day renders the exercise of free agency less useful … it circumscribes the will within a narrower range. - - It covers the surface of society with a network of small complicated rules, minute and uniform, through which the most original minds and the most energetic characters cannot penetrate … The will of man is not shattered but softened, bent, and guided. - - Such a power does not tyrannize but it compresses, enervates, extinguishes, and stupefies a people. The nation is nothing better than a flock of timid and industrious animals of which the government is the shepherd.” - - Tocqueville had anticipated the paternal role of government and our other large hierarchical institutions (corporations, churches, hospitals, schools, trade unions). By their very structure, these institutions breed fragmentation, conformity, amorality. They expand their powers while losing sight of their original mandate.” – M. Ferguson, The Aquarian Conspiracy, p.212, quoting Tocqueville. – When powers are confined to volunteers and exterritorial autonomy, a power expansion is dependent upon more individuals joining than leaving a community. It is enforced territorial rule and compulsory membership or subjugation that breeds fragmentation and amorality. The conformity in panarchies is voluntary, its morality is self-chosen by each individual voluntary member. Under individual and group secessionism and personal law or exterritorial autonomy for groups of volunteers, desiring it for themselves, it is quite natural for the whole population of a territory to split, fragment or separate into numerous diverse and autonomous communities of volunteers, all diverse, by degrees, while at the same time, each such "panarchy", under the "panarchism" of this movement, will constitute an almost unanimously approved unity or uniformity among its voluntary members. – In all cases of more than personal and trivial disagreements the dissenters would simply opt out. - JZ, 1.7.08, 8.3.11. - GOVERNMENT, PATERNALISM, HIERARCHIES, TERRITORIALISM, WELFARE STATE, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY VS. ENFORCED UNIFORMITY, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY TOWARDS NON-TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTAL COMPETING ENTERPRISES
STATE: A ‘compulsory-voluntary’ association is a conspiracy (*) to abolish our right of association; it is a concentration of power actually or potentially destructive of what we all freedom.” – Oakshott, The Political Economy of Freedom, in “Rationalism in Politics”, p.45. – (*) One already realized for all too long, in all countries. - JZ, 8.3.11. - COMPULSORY SUBORDINATION, TERRITORIALISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, CENTRALIZATION
STATE: a body which compels allegiance from all persons within its sphere, and taxes them for its own support, with or without their consent.” – Henry Meulen, Free Banking, p.13. - It defines "its sphere" territorially and it is thus the opposite of free and voluntary associationism and its societies and communities under personal and self-chosen law and full exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 8.3.11. – TERRITORIALISM, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, FEUDALISM, STATE SOCIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM
STATE: A colossus of brass on a pedestal of clay.” – Joseph II of Austria, 1741-1790, on the Czarist Russia of his time. (*) – I hold that this applies to any territorially enforced State, once this inbuilt weakness is recognized and utilized against it. Even large majorities have many internal factions and much infighting. The chance for each such faction to become autonomous and permanent, as long as it can retain its volunteers, will prove to be an irresistible attraction in the long run. Only the territorial power addicts will lose. But they were always be only a small minority, apart from their hero worshippers or personality cult followers. These will be fast diminished in numbers once they see that the members of other societies and communities, doing their own things among themselves, all around them, under their personal law, are much more successful with at least some aspects of their systems, principles, means and methods if not all of them. – Even the ignorant and foolish can, in most cases, imitate successful precedents, that offer them an obvious and great advantage. Most people love bargains - when they can get them. - They buy efficient and affordable gadgets, even when they do not fully understand them.– (*) Somebody else called it a “tyranny moderated by assassination”. It is, however, questionable whether any tyrant, being merely a single person, was ever more powerful than his bureaucracy. On the other hand, one could say that any bureaucracy multiplies the tyranny of every tyranny, by putting it into hands of many of its servants and henchmen. - JZ, 2.6.08, 5.8.12. - TERRITORIALISM, THE ACHILLES HEEL OF EVERY PRESENT STATE, TOTALITARIANISM, TYRANNY, HENCHMEN, PUBLIC SERVANTS, BUREAUCRACY
STATE: A free State – what is that? It is not the aim of the workers, free of the all too limiting notions of subordination, to make the State free. In the German Empire the “State” is almost as “free” as in Russia. Freedom consists in transforming the State from one that is dominating society into one that is quite subordinated to society. Even today the forms of the State are free or unfree to the extent that they do limit the ‘freedom of the State’.” – Karl Marx, Kritik des Gothaer Programms, p.25. – With all the centralized powers that he advocated, naturally, quite the contrary happened. However, even Marx paid lip service to freedom. – For the true believers in communism, their party and its leader represented “society” and they dominated the State and the whole population – for all too long. - JZ, 1.7.08. - Territorial States need society and its societies to exploit. But why and what for would society and its numerous diverse societies need a State? Was even Marx, sometimes, in some of his utterances, an advocate of "limited governments"? - JZ, 8.3.11. But then even a few absolute monarchs pretended that they were merely the first servants of the State or of society. Some even pretended that they were instituted as such by a God. – JZ, 5.8.12. - MARX, COMMUNISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: A government of the many at the mercy of the few.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Book of Contemplations, P.123. – TERRITORIALISM, MAJORITIES, MINORITIES, RULERS, REPRESENTATION
STATE: a graceless order … in which human possibilities have been renounced.” – Karl Barth, a Swiss theologian. – Have all of its victims really renounced them? – J.Z., - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, IMPOSED UNIFORMITY & LAWS VS. INDIVIDUAL CHOICES & PERSONAL LAW, Q.
STATE: A society that robs an individual of the product of his efforts, or enslaves him, or attempts to limit the freedom of his mind, or compels him to act against his own rational judgment - a society that sets up a conflict between its edicts and the requirements of man's nature is not, strictly speaking, a society, but a mob held together by institutionalized gang-rule.” - Ayn Rand, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – When she meant really States, governments, laws, instead of “society”, then she should have said so. The difference between genuinely free societies, based upon voluntarism and territorial States, with their compulsory membership or subordination, can hardly be stressed enough. Alas, she opposed what she misunderstood as “competing governments” and could not, as an advocate of "limited" but still territorial and thus monopolistic and coercive governments, clearly envision a free society made up of numerous diverse and freely competing societies, including even voluntary and competing governments, all without any territorial powers and privileges. – However, at least she appreciated and stood up for many rights and liberties, including voluntary taxation and in some utterances she was quite anarchistic. - JZ, 8.1.08, 8.3.11, 5.8.12. GOVERNMENTS, LAWS, TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, WELFARE STATES, SOCIETY, GANG RULE, PANARCHISM
STATE: A state is absolute when it claims the right to a monopoly of all the force within the community, to make war, to make peace, to conscript life, to tax, to establish and disestablish property, to define crime, to punish disobedience, to control education, to supervise the family, to regulate personal habits, and to censor opinions. The modern State claims all of these powers, and in the matter of theory, there is no real difference in the size of the claim between communists, fascists and democrats.” – Walter Lippman, A Preface to Morals, 1929, p.80. – STATISM, ABSOLUTISM, POWER, TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACIES, FASCISM, COMMUNISM
STATE: A state which does for its citizens what they can do for themselves is an evil state.” – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, Down with the Poor, p.5. - It does not only do things FOR its subjects and victims but also many things AGAINST THEM, which they would never dream of individually choosing for or doing to themselves. - The territorial State substitutes, quite wrongly, its territorial sovereignty for the individual sovereignty of all its involuntary subjects. - At best it recognizes and respects only a few of their genuine individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 8.3.11. – TERRITORIALISM VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM
STATE: A state, Proudhon had finally learned, could only be an evil, whether it was ruled by Ledur-Rollin or by Louis Napoleon.” – D. W. Brogan, Proudhon, p.59. - What is true for a territorial State is not necessarily true for States and other communities and societies that are all confined to their volunteers under personal law or full exterritorial autonomy. - One arrives at truths only by making sufficient distinctions. - JZ, 8.3.11, 5.8.12. – DIS., EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY OF VOLUNTEERS VS. TERRITORIALISM WITH ITS MONOPOLISM & LEGALIZED COERCION, PROUDHON, DIS.
STATE: a State, which is merely the organization of force for the transference of property from one set of pockets to another.” - Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.165. – Exterritorially autonomous communities or societies of like-minded volunteers would not need force for the kinds of property transfers or sharing that they do desire among themselves. Small instances: families, some of the intentional communities and, practically, all monasteries and nunneries. - All territorial States should be deprived of their territorial powers and any other coercive and monopolistic powers towards all non-criminal dissenters, who wish to secede or did secede from them. Then their remnants, their remaining volunteers and what they do for or to each other, would be harmless to outsiders and they could harm or wrong only their voluntary victims. We might start this transformation by allowing all political parties to become exterritorially autonomous and to tax and rule only their own party members, in accordance with whatever system and personal law they do prefer for themselves. - JZ, 8.3.11. – TAXATION , PROPERTY, TERRITORIALISM.
STATE: A state’, writes Mr. Zimmern, ‘can be defined, in legal language, as a territory over which there is a government claiming unlimited authority.’ The definition, indeed, is not quite correct; for no government in the United States could claim, though it might usurp, unlimited power. But it is a foible of the lawyers to insist upon the absence of legal limits to the authority of the state; …” - H. J. Laski, The Pluralist State, in: David Nicholls, editor, The Pluralist State, p.146/47. - TERRITORIALISM, STATE SOVEREIGNTY, LAWYERS
STATE: Adjudication, arbitration, mediation, diplomacy, treaties, peace, freedom, justice, rights, enlightenment, development, progress and prosperity through and between territorial warfare States? That is, possibly, the worst among the many remaining popular delusions. – JZ, 16.3.98, 27.5.08. – TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, PEACE, STATISM
STATE: After 1918 the sovereign State, appealing to the self-determination of its citizens (*) claimed the right to dictate the entire pattern of the individuals existence.” – Kurt Lachmann, The Renaissance of the Individual, 1947, p.110. - Absolutists territorial States and Governments were not a new invention of 1918. – Nor is it typical for totalitarian States to begin at the end of a war but, rather, at its beginnings. – How are such misjudgements possible among scholars? - (*) The kind of collectivist and territorial “self-determination”, which, at best, represents only the will of a temporary majority and at worst that of domineering and exploitative minority, does not deserve the term "self-determination" or “self-government”. - JZ, 2.7.08, 8.3.11, 5.8.12. – DIS.
STATE: Albert Jay Nock has repeatedly warned – the deadliest enemy of the free and self-sufficient individual is the State.” – Harry Lee Smith, THE FREEMAN, 9/76. - Hardly any individual can be quite self-sufficient and prosperous any more. He is dependent upon division of labor and free exchange. Both are wrongfully and coercively interfered with by territorial States, to a large extent in the same way as they were formerly under slavery and serfdom. - "The more things change, the more they remain the same." - JZ, 8.3.11. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: all existing forms of the State and constitutions do not correspond to the true and general freedom.’ – Stirner, in: John Henry Mackay, Max Stirner, p.111. - Even the supposedly free but still territorial States are largely the enemies of all genuine individual rights and liberties, even while, currently, not imprisoning, torturing or shooting their opponents but overwhelming and dominating them otherwise. - JZ, 8.3.11. - & CONSTITUTIONS
STATE: All for the State; nothing outside the State; nothing against the State.” – Mussolini, quoted by S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.403. – Another version, in George Seldes, The Great Quotations: “Our formula is this: everything within the State, nothing outside the State, nothing against the State.” - A corresponding slogan of the Nazis was: "Leader, command, we will follow you!" (Fuehrer befehl! Wir folgen Dir!) - However, the terror methods used by the Nazis to enforce obedience was much more totalitarian and murderous than those of Mussolini. - JZ, 8.3.11, 5.8.12. - TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM, STATISM, FASCISM, MUSSOLINI
STATE: All have to play the role of State citizens, who have to admire the own government and to hate the foreign government.” - Uwe Timm, Gesammelte Schriften, S.64. – Well, at least in some territorial governments one can still relatively freely criticize the territorial government one is subjected to and express sympathy for a foreign government, as if it really were much better. – JZ, 14.9.07, 5.4.09. - NATIONALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, SUBJECTS, TERRITORIALISM, FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
STATE: All human institutions were simply created by individuals and, therefore, are inferior to them.” - Donald J. Devine, Does Freedom Work? Caroline House Books, Green Hills Publishers, 1978, p.3. – Individuals are morally superior to their “creations’, but when it comes to private or political gangs then the guns, the manpower, the organization of the gangs have so far been all too often superior to those of honest and decent people, who are not yet sufficiently enlightened about their individual rights and liberties, not even sufficiently interested in them, not yet sufficiently organized, trained and armed to uphold their rights and liberties against the territorial political and criminal gangs. – Moreover, most of us have not created the territorial States we live under but were born into them or migrated into them and were subjected to and exploited by them against our will and are not yet free to secede from them. We are in their hands, their often quite involuntary victims. They are our victimizers, whenever we disagree with them. They are not our creatures or organizations to the extent that we do disagree with them. We have no freedom of action against them or exterritorial autonomy within the territory they claims monopolistically for themselves. – JZ, 5.4.09, 8.3.11. - INDIVIDUALS, STATE SOVEREIGNTY VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, DIS., MILITIA, SECESSIONISM, POWER, VOLUNTARISM, DIS., TERRITORIALISM
STATE: All territorial States are based, originally, on conquest, on injustices and coercion, not only the dictatorships, tyrannies and totalitarian regimes. Genuine societies and communities have only voluntary members. Territorial States have, largely, involuntary members and subjects and imposed constitutions, laws and jurisdictions, which can never approach justice, equal rights and liberties for all, close enough. – JZ, 23.11.95, 28.5.08. - PANARCHIES, SOCIETIES, VOLUNTARISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: All territorial States constitute unsuccessful utopias, which persist only because of the persistence of ignorance, foolishness, errors, myths, lack of interest in the own affairs and the numerous popular prejudices, upon which all such territorial institutions are based. – JZ, 5.9.87, 1.7.08. - Enlightened people would not tolerate taxes, compulsory membership or subordination and the suppression of all too many of their genuine individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 8.3.11. – Nor would they remain uninterested in providing, between them, an encyclopaedia of the best refutations of all the popular errors, myths, prejudices, myths, dogmas, false assumptions and conclusions, which are obstacles to progress. – J.Z., 5.8.12.
STATE: All too many “citizens” are trapped in States they had not made and have no real chance in changing for the better. – JZ, 1.4.88. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: All writers on the science of policy are agreed, and they agree with experience, that all governments must frequently infringe the rules of justice to support themselves; that truth must give way to dissimulation; honesty to convenience, and humanity itself to the reigning interest. The whole of this mystery of iniquity is called the reason of state. It is a reason which I own I cannot penetrate.” - Edmund Burke, A Vindication of Natural Society, p.33. - SECURITY, REASONS OF STATE, POLITICS AS USUAL, TERRITORIALISM, REALPOLITIK
STATE: An ideal territorial State is a contradiction in terms. It can at most only represent the ideal of the majority. It never has unanimous consent. – JZ, 7.4.93.
STATE: an institution which lives parasitically of the productive efforts of members of society. - R. A. Childs, Jr., Anarchism and Justice, part IV, – in INDIVIDUALIST, III/10, Oct. 71, p.17. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: an instrument to take money out of the pockets of some to put it into the pockets of others.” – Voltaire – TAXATION, WELFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: An involuntary “association” or “community” of people, coerced to conform, if they are unable or unwilling to resist or to emigrate. – None of the dissenters of territorial States are free to secede from it and to form their own and exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers. To that extent even the “limited” governments among them are still totalitarian ones. – JZ, 6.1.97, 9.4.09.
STATE: Anarchists oppose the State because it has its very being in such aggression, namely, the expropriation of private property through taxation, the coercive exclusion of other providers of defense services from its territory, and all of the other depredations and coercions that are built upon these twin foci of invasions of individual rights. - - Nor is our definition of the State arbitrary, for these two characteristics [(1) it acquires its income by the physical coercion known as “taxation”, and (2) it asserts and usually obtains a coerced monopoly of the provision of defense service (police and courts)] have been possessed by what is generally acknowledge to be “States” throughout recorded history. The State, by its use of physical coercion, has arrogated to itself a compulsory monopoly of defense services over its territorial jurisdiction. But it is certainly conceptually possible for such services to be supplied by private, non-State institutions, and indeed such services have historically been supplied by other organizations than the State. To be opposed to the State is then not necessarily to be opposed to services that have often been linked with it; to be opposed to the State does not necessarily imply that we must be opposed to police protection, courts, arbitration, the minting of money, postal service, or roads and highways. Some anarchists have indeed been opposed to police and to all physical coercion in defense of person and property, but this is not inherent in and is fundamentally irrelevant to the anarchist position, which is precisely marked by opposition to all physical coercion invasive of, or aggressing against person and property.” - Murray N. Rothbard, Society Without A State, THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, Jan. 75. – PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, ANARCHISM, INVASION, PERSONS, PROPERTY, SERVICE PROVIDERS
STATE: and just as religion has been separated from the state, and the economy can be separated from the State, so can every other State function, including police, courts, and the law itself.” – Murray N. Rothbard, REASON, 3/73.
STATE: And so gradually individual concrete life is extinguished, in order that the abstract life of the whole may prolong its sorry existence, and the State remains eternally alien to its citizens because nowhere does feeling discover it.” – Friedrich Schiller, The Aesthetic State, quoted in Arblaster, The Good Society, p.72/73. - Nevertheless, with its avalanches of laws and regulations, bureaucratic institutions, wars, inflations, deflations, censorship, suppression of basic rights and liberties, numerous monopolies, taxes and subsidies, public debts taken up as investments in tax slaves, it makes itself painfully felt in almost every sphere. - JZ, 8.3.11. – Through the ideas, actions, institutions and “principles” of all the people misled through false ideas about the supposed “ideal” and “functions” of a mental construct,
“the State”, which is not a living entity, far less a reasonable and moral one. – J.Z., 5.8.12.
STATE: And the fact that the whole world will not be blown up doesn’t mean our house won’t. There are “rogue states” to be considered, and in the long haul of history it turns out that all states are rogue states sooner or later. We certainly were, from the point of view of the Cherokee. Bland, unassuming Belgium ravished the Congo basin. The boring do-gooders of Scandinavia, when they had their longboats, terrorized everyone from Moscow to Goose Bay, Labrador.” - P. J. O’Rourke, The CEO of the Sofa, Atlantic Monthly Press, 841 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10003, 2001, p.187/88. - From the headlines of THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 28.2.11, pages 1 & 9: "China (*) raises nuclear stakes." & "China (*) determined to rival US arsenal." - (*) While economically it has been somewhat liberalized, politically it is still a totalitarian State, ruled by a handful of unelected tyrants. Unfortunately, "democratic" territorial States have set them a very bad example with their stockpiles of mass extermination devices, with which masses of innocents victims of territorial totalitarians can be murdered but which cannot be used to hit and execute only their tyrannical rulers, i.e. they cannot be used to execute them and only them. Thus these despots can even pose as "defenders" of the populations they misrule and exploit. - Communist regimes can certainly not liberate supposedly suppressed and exploited "proletarians" in the West with such devices - but, on the contrary, pose to these and all other subjects of territorial democratic States an enormous threat, perhaps even one to the survival of mankind. "Nuclear strength" amounts to power politics and "Realpolitik" being led to the ultimate wrong and absurdity. - So far not even a single government in exile has been formed and recognized for the diverse population of China, with 56 ethnic groups, not to speak of all other kinds of minorities, far less one for each of its diverse groups, for all of them, all only for their present refugees, defectors and deserters, and future volunteers. - The democratic and economically somewhat free government of Taiwan, as merely another territorial government, is certainly not an attractive enough alternative for all the diverse dissenters in Mainland China. - No more so than territorial democracies are attractive enough for e.g. the various peoples in Afghanistan, Iraq and Iran or anywhere else for – their all their diverse peoples, minorities and tribes, i.e. their whole population. JZ, 8.3.11, 5.8.12. - See my ABC Against Nuclear War, at www.butterbach.net/epinfo/abc/htm - CHINA, DEMOCRACY, NWT, TOTALITARIANISM, ROGUE STATES, ENEMY, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS-IN EXILE AS ALLIES, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, MASS-MURDER PREPARATIONS INSTEAD OF LIBERATION
STATE: And this is the Anarchistic definition of the State: the embodiment of the principle of invasion in an individual, or a band of individuals, assuming to act as representatives or masters of the entire people within a given area.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, Instead of a Book. - ANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, REPRESENTATION, PEOPLE, GOVERNMENT
STATE: And yet Benjamin Tucker, for all the peaceful sentiments that found shelter in his thoughts, stood back to back with anarchists everywhere in defense of the view that the state is a thoroughly corrupting influence within society which must be plucked out root and branch if men are ever to develop a higher form of civilization.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.153. – He should have clearly stated that this applies only to territorial States. Once, they, too, are reduced to exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, they will be part of a comprehensive competition to develop higher forms of civilization, society and culture – and better types of men. – JZ, 4.7.08. – MAN, DIS., PANARCHISM, PROGRESS, CORRUPTION, CONSTITUTIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, CIVILIZATION, PANARCHISM
STATE: And, paraphrasing Marx, we may say that “traditional political philosophers have sought only to explain and justify the State. The point, however, is to abolish it.” - Source not noted. - Only the territorial State has to be abolished! - JZ, 8.3.11.
STATE: Any territorial State or government without coercive powers and a monopoly in the sphere of money, clearing, currency and credit, especially of exchange media and value standards, would soon begin to shrink. The shrinkage would become still more obvious and inevitable once compulsory taxation is replaced by voluntary taxation and compulsory membership by voluntary membership. Both would be introduced through individual secessionism and exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers. – JZ, 3.6.04, 30.10.07. – In an age of mass extermination devices we must not strive for less and need not fight for more. – JZ, 5.4.09. - UNDER FULL MONETARY FREEDOM & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, TAXATION, NWT, MONETARY DESPOTISM, PANARCHISM
STATE: Anyone who believes in the utopianisation of life through the State is headed for a life of frustration.” – W. F. Buckley, Jr., SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 26.10.78. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, UTOPISM
STATE: As a State religion is the rape of conscience, so a State political administration is the castration of liberty.” – Proudhon, The General Idea of the Revolution in the 19th Century. - JUSTICE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, LIBERTY, RIGHTS, FREEDOM
STATE: As Anarchists we convey to man the consciousness and knowledge that the power of the State and the exploitation through monopoly-capitalisms can be overcome, without the peoples getting from under the rain under a waterfall, from private capitalism (*) into State capitalism. . The victory of society and the defeat of the State is one, even the fundamental precondition for the existence of humanity. Mankind will be free from the domination of the State, of monopoly capitalism and of the church or it will no longer exist.“ – LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 3. – („Als Anarchisten vermitteln wir den Menschen das Bewusstsein und das Wissen, dass die Gewalt des Staates und die Ausbeutung durch den Monopolkapitalismus ueberwunden werden kann, ohne dass die Voelker vom Regen in die Traufe, vom Privatkapitalismus in den Staatskapitalismus gelangen. Der Sieg der Gesellschaft und die Niederlage des Staates ist eine, ja die Grundvoraussetzung fuer die Existenz der Menschheit. – Die Menschheit wird frei von der Herrschaft des Staates, des Monolpolkapitalismus und der Kirche, oder aber sie wird nicht mehr sein.“) – Religious tolerance has already largely tamed the churches and sects, wherever and to the extent that it was introduced. Now we need its equivalent in the sphere of political, economic and social systems. Freedom of action or experimentation also, for all kinds of statists and capitalists, free marketeers and socialists etc., all to do their own things for or to themselves only, as long as they are willing to stand it, but, only exterritorially, under their own personal laws: manarchism, personarchism, panarchism, polyarchism etc. - (*) Alas, no distinction was made here between monopoly-capitalism or the mixed economy, and genuinely private and free enterprise, competitive, laissez faire or free-market capitalism, without any monopolies granted by the territorial State. There are still xyz errors, confusions and contradictions among anarchists. See my anarchist spectrum draft in www.butterbach.net/piot1.htm - and try to complete it and also to provide a similar survey of the differences between libertarians. – JZ, 5.7.08. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, PANARCHISM, RELIGIOUS LIBERTY
STATE: As every libertarian knows, to maintain the State is to suppress liberty.” – SEK 3, NEW LIBERTARIAN 7, April-June 80. – I hold that this applies only to territorial States or governments. – JZ, 4.7.08. - LIBERTY
STATE: As in economic life, so in social life, the wealth of knowledge and experience, the impulses to growth and change, lie with the people themselves, not with the state. The pattern of our social life, the character of our education, in school or university, the content of our family life, the physical environment of our homes – all these things, happily, have not been laid down or devised by the state. They are what the people themselves have chosen to make them, over the generations. Being such they are richer and more varied by far than the state would have imagined. If from now on the state only is to decide, then the price must be an impoverishment of ideas, a pitiful narrowing of possibilities.” – Enoch Powell, quoted in The Free Man’s Almanac, for October 11. – That narrowing has already happened, for all too long, when it comes to the territorial “choice” or, rather, imposition, of political, economic and social systems and experiments and we are largely conditioned to accept this as natural and inevitable, even as justified, rational and desirable. – JZ, 4.7.08, 5.8.12. – PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE, STATSM
STATE: As Oppenheimer pointed out, the State generally began in violence and conquest; even if at times internal processes gave rise to the State, it was certainly never by general consensus or contract.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.77. – SOCIAL CONTRACT, VOLUNTARISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: as soon as one can speak of freedom, the State, as such, ceases to exist.” – Engels to Bebel, London, 18-28 March 1875. – Based upon such phrases even some of the left anarchists were won over for a while. – JZ, 1.7.08. - I have often spoken or written of freedom - and so have millions of others. Unfortunately, the territorial States did not cease to exist thereupon. - His phrasing was rather careless. What he meant to say was, probably, something like: "… as soon as one can speak of a state or condition of freedom, the State, as such, has ceased to exist." - JZ, 8.3.11. – Appealing to and believing in a territorial State is just as useless and disabling at appealing to and praying to a divinity. – J.Z., 5.8.12. – STATISM & RELIGION, TERRITORIALISM, DIS.
STATE: As the Wall Street Journal observed in a June 22, 1990, editorial, “The Arabs have a saying that ‘the state eats the green and the dry.’ They mean that an authoritarian government consumes everything in its path. It captures the labor unions, the guilds, the bar and the middle class…“ - George B. N. Ayittey, Africa Betrayed, St. Martin’s Press, A Cato Institute Book, 1992, p.356 – It was, largely, Africans who betrayed other Africans, rather than “white” “colonialists”. – JZ, 30.1.12. – But it is always easier to blame people of another colour, religion or ideology. – J.Z., 5.8.12. - GOVERNMENT, AUTHORITARIANISM, TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM
STATE: At best the State is to-day a representative or direct democratic authority and one of only very small territorial size. But most are oversized, imposed upon large territories with diverse populations and groups. While they have their excess size in common with many large private corporations, the main difference is that the private corporations have no territorial monopoly (apart from copyrights or patent laws granting them privileges) and no involuntary members. They have no taxing power but live by selling wanted goods or services to voluntary customers. No one is forced to invest with them, or work in them. Anyone is free to leave them, as customer, worker or investor and even to totally boycott them, if he prefers that. Everywhere they are subject to competition. - All existing territorial monopoly States ought to become transformed into such competitive corporations of and for volunteers only, with none of them confined to any particular territory. Then, finally, will freedom, justice, security, peace, progress, prosperity and enlightenment be given their maximum chances and will no one be subjected any longer to any regime that he does no prefer for himself. Well, as long as these exterritorially autonomous communities behave tolerantly, peacefully, non-aggressively and non-criminally towards the members of any other such community, society or competing government of and for volunteers only. – While, hypothetically, one can imagine that they would, sometimes or often do this, just like the territorial Warfare States that we suffer under at present, their very nature as organizations of volunteers, free to do their own things, would tend to enlighten them and deprive them of any reasons or motives for aggression and intolerance. If any of them should slip backwards into another kind of intolerant and aggressive fanaticism, then it would find the world of hundreds of panarchistic societies and communities united against it. - When did you last see a businessman or industrialist pull a gun on a potential customer to force him to buy from him? - Free enterprise and consumer sovereignty do tend to make most people rather peaceful. - Please, do ponder this change from every angle, somewhat like I try to do with this alphabetized mess of quotes, notes and comments. - JZ, n.d. & 3.7.08, 8.3.11. – Insert whatever ideas, thoughts, facts comments and criticism I have failed to include. – J.Z., 5.8.12. - PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, CORPORATIONS, CAPITALISM, CHOICE
STATE: At least some of the exterritorial and voluntary alternatives that would become established somewhere, some time, could be so attractive that the remaining despotic territorial regimes would tend to collapse and become peacefully replaced by them. A start could be made by the establishment of governments and societies in exile, in already somewhat free countries, all of them exterritorially autonomous and very diverse alternative panarchies to every remaining territorial despotism, all of them doing their things only for their volunteers. – These alternative governments and societies could be offered as the natural allies to all existing democratic governments in their defence efforts against all the remaining rogue governments. Since each would only be offered to its present volunteers, in the democratic countries and to its future volunteers among the populations still to be liberated, these institutions could hardly be interpreted as aggressive ones. They would even assure the continuance of the present regimes - but only exterritorially, for their remaining volunteers and at their expense and risk. These exile associations would also oppose the mass extermination “weapons” stockpiling of democratic countries, directed much more against the various captive nations and suppressed minority groups rather than their statist territorial victimizers. - Initially, it might even suffice to establish them only online as Virtual Governments or Societies. - Ideas know no walls or borders. - JZ, 10.4.09. – GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE IN FORM OF PANARCHIES, AS ATTRACTIVE DEMONSTRATION OF RIGHTFUL ALTERNATIVES & AS APPEALS TO ALL STILL TERRITORIALLY SUPPRESSED NATIONS, MINORITIES, MOVEMENTS ETC.
STATE: At the center of this apparatus stands the state, a mythical structure built out of the fears and ignorance of men that has been building since the first cunning medicine men of some tribe, lost to history, exercised control over his fellowmen through black magic and other forms of deception. In every widening circles that control has been reaching out over the centuries until today the vast majority of men have been totally caught up in its pulsations of power. Only the individual standing squarely on his own power as a social being remains free to warn us against the enemy we face. And since everyone has the same potential to break free of the myths that bind us, there is nothing whatever to the accusation that the anarchist is elitist in his social views.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.584. – There is nothing elitist in the panarchist view that desires anarchism only for anarchists, libertarianism only for libertarians and statism only for statists, except the belief that, in the long run, the best system, the most liberating, tolerant, free, just, progressive and prosperous one will win the greatest number of voluntary adherents. – Naturally, there will always be some throw-backs. But as long as they harm only themselves with their spleens. they are tolerable and even valuable as deterrent examples. – JZ, 4.7.08. – PANARCHISM, ANARCHISM, ELITISM, SELF-ENLIGHTENMENT
STATE: Bakunin’s successor as the world’s leading protagonist of anarchism was Pëtr Kropotkin, a prince by birth and a geographer and naturalist by profession. Whereas Bakunin was an agitator and conspirator, Kropotkin was a theoretician. Convinced that the rise of the centralized state from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries was merely a transitory aberration from the normal pattern of Western civilization, he saw the predominant trends of modern history pointing back toward decentralized cooperative societies, or collectives, in which the individual could develop his creative faculties freely. (*) The collectives would operate (**) on the principle “from each according to his means, to each according to his need.” There would be no private property, Instead, the collectives would have ownership of every material object and each person would be given his food and other requirements from the common stock.” – F. C. Giffin & R. D. Smith, in the anthology Against the Grain. – Editor? – (***) - Both of these two famous leftist anarchist thinkers seem to have overlooked that the general trend was rather away from primitive communism towards private property and free exchange, i.e., towards contractual and market relationships. – "From status to contract." Moreover, that genuine social progress and liberation occurred only to the extent that this trend was not blocked or interfered with by laws or customs. – (*) Being bound by tribal customs is, at least sometimes, even more restrictive than being bound by laws. – Compare e.g., how some tribal societies still treat women and children. - - (**) They would largely fail to be productive as a result of this “principle”. – (***) Too many people are still unaware of how much that goes against the grain of human nature in most individuals. However, they should be free to practise their “principles”, as long as they can stand them, among their own kinds of volunteers. - JZ, 4.7.08, 5.8.12. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, PRIVATE PROPERTY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TO EACH HIS OWN SYSTEM, VS. UNIVERSAL & DECENTRALIZED COMMUNISM
STATE: Because each State views only the power of other States as menacing, each State continuously expands its power until it is either destroyed in war or collapses from within. – The attitudes of two States towards one another are like two mirrors face-to-face, reflecting hostility indefinitely, only magnified with each reflection until there is war.” - George A. Lear, Jr., POLIS, Fall 66. – As territorial warfare States they do have good reasons to fear each other. Reduced to exterritorial autonomy over their own volunteers, they are no longer a threat to each other. - JZ, 8.3.11. - POWER, ARMS RACE, WAR, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT MILITARY STRENGTH, FEAR OF OTHER TERRITORIAL STATES, WARFARE STATES
STATE: because every State, according to its essence, dreams of hegemony, …” - LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 3. (“ … weil jeder Staat seinem Wesen gemaess von der Hegemonie traeumt; ...“) - TERRITORIALISM, IMPERIALISM, WARFARE STATES
STATE: Bertrand de Jouvenel, in his book On Power, (*) referred to the modern state as the “assailant of the social order” and as the agent of a “permanent revolution”. – As a territorial institution the modern state can manage only more or less wrongful revolutions. Only panarchies can realize revolutions that please all their voluntary members and this without subjugating any people organized in other panarchies and just doing their own things for or to themselves, in accordance with their convictions or beliefs. – (*) page 64? - JZ, 9.4.09. – PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, REVOLUTIONS – FOR VOLUNTEERS ONLY.
STATE: Bewildered, helpless, hopeless, ignorant and prejudiced people, basically still tribal and primitive ones - in most cases, under scientific, technological and highly organized repression and aggression. – JZ, 26.11.82, 28.6.08. - Their leaders or mis-leaders represent merely the most popular errors, myths and prejudices. - JZ, 8.3.11. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATION STATES, FROM DEMOCRACIES TO TOTALITARIAN REGIMES, LEADERSHIP
STATE: Bolshevism, day by day, and step by step, proves that state power possesses inalienable characteristics; it can change its label, its ‘theory’, and its servitors, but in essence it merely remains power and despotism in new forms.” – An anonymous anarchist, in VELIKIOPYT, n.p., 1918, quoted by Paul Avrich, The Russian Anarchists, p.181. In their authoritarian territorialism even all democracies and republics do have still all too much in common with Bolshevism, Nazism and Maoism and other totalitarian regimes. - JZ, 8.3.11. – TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM
STATE: Briefly, Mr. Nisbet argues for the decentralization of cultural, economic and political power; he contends that the concentration of power in the hands of the state inevitably leads to the diminution of personal liberty. He makes a sharp distinction between state and society, and points out that there are areas of life beyond the competence of politics and of the state to cope with. – Closely connected with the distinction between state and society is the need to “recover the social”, that is, the need to reaffirm and strengthen a sense of community, kinship, and social roots, and such social institutions as marriage, family, the church, and other kinds of self-help and charitable organizations and associations. …” - John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, 3/79, p.191. - As usual, exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers are not or not explicitly enough considered by such “decentralists” and voluntaryists. – JZ, 4.7.08. – SOCIETY, POLITICS, PANARCHISM, COMMUNITY
STATE: Bury the State.” – T. F. Falcon, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 8.3.74, p.174. – How, with what? Where? – Word magic does not suffice. –JZ, 9.4.09. - Best by individual secessionism and by confining it to exterritorial autonomy and personal laws for its remaining volunteers. – JZ, 5.7.08.
STATE: But if, in despotic statecraft, the supreme and essential mystery be to hoodwink the subject, and to mask the fear which keeps them down, with the specious garb of religion, so that men may fight as bravely for slavery as for safety, and count it not shame but highest honour to risk their blood and their lives for the vainglory of a tyrant; yet in a free state no more mischievous expedient could be planned or attempted.” – Spinoza, 419/20. – I hold that a free territorial State is a contradiction in terms. Territorial and collectivist sovereignty of organizations with compulsory members, subjects and tax slaves, are not a substitute for individual sovereignty and voluntary membership in organizations. - J.Z, 8.3.11. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, TYRANNY, DESPOTISM, RELIGION, FREE SOCIETY, PANARCHISM
STATE: But when the State emerged it not only included the existence of a power situated above society like the government but also a ‘territorial concentration and a concentration of many or even all functions of society in the hands of a few’. It implies some new relationship between members of society which did not exist before the formation of the State. It had been the historical mission of the State ‘to prevent the direct association among men, to shackle the development of local and individual initiative, to crush existing liberties, to prevent their new blossoming – all this in order to subject the masses to the will of minorities’.” - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.21, discussing Kropotkin. - TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM, STATISM
STATE: Can’t you decide, one by one, what’s right, what’s wrong? Do you have to believe in groups?” - Fay Weldon, Darcy’s Utopia, Collins, London, 1990, p.225. – Can you decide, one by one, what is right for you, e.g. in form of associations of like-minded people, all only doing their own things for and to themselves? You have no cause to believe any longer in the rightfulness and usefulness of territorial determined groups. But members of groups of like-minded people would at least do no wrong to each other by actions they all do approve of, for otherwise they would secede. – JZ, 18.9.07. - TERRITORIAL ONES, COLLECTIVISM, TERRITORIAL CONSTITUTIONS, LAWS & JURISDICTION VS. VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIALLY AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITIES UNDER PERSONAL LAWS, INDIVIDUALLY CHOSEN, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-DETERMINATION, Q.
STATE: Castrate the State!” – Slogan on poster carried by Sam Konkin, A IS A NEWSLETTER, 6/72. – How does one do that? – It has “organs”, but not sexual ones. - JZ 5.7.08. - It would be largely rendered impotent by confining it to its remaining volunteers and exterritorial autonomy - with all others being free to secede from it and do their own things under personal law in their self-chosen communities and societies. - Inappropriate language use does not help us in liberating ourselves. - JZ, 8.3.11. - DIS., LANGUAGE ABUSE
STATE: Commit all the “crimes” against the territorial State that you can away with – but none against humans! – JZ, 2/75, 8.3.11. – If all of us became successful tax evaders then the State would starve to death. – But the State has certainly not made this easy, just like it has not made individual or group secessions from it or uprisings against its powers easy, or refusals to accept its depreciating paper money and its replacement by sound, and competitively supplied sufficient exchange media or clearing certificates or account. - JZ, 1.7.08. - CRIMES
STATE: Competing, or, rather, domineering territorial States lead to wars, while competing exterritorial governments or communities would lead to peace. – JZ, 4/72. – Ask yourself why this would be at least a strong trend. A question well put is already half the answer. Even illiterates, many centuries ago, were able to find and realize this answer. – J.Z., 5.8.12. - COMPETITION, PANARCHISM, WAR, PEACE
STATE: Confine the State’s aggressions.” – David Hart, 10.2.78. – To its own voluntary members and victims! – JZ, 11/78, 8.3.11. – PANARCHISM, AGGRESSION, VOLUNTARISM, STATISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, DIS.
STATE: Considering this contract in connection with the anarchistic definition of the State as the embodiment of the principle of invasion, we see that the State is antagonistic to society; and, society being essential to individual life and development, the conclusion leaps to the eyes that the relation of the State to the individual and of the individual to the State must be one of hostility, enduring till the State shall perish.” – Benjamin R. Tucker. - Only the territorially imposed State has to be abolished. For its voluntary victims, as long as it has any, it could and should remain, at least as a deterrent example. - JZ, 8.3.11, 5.8.12. - INVASION, AGGRESSION, SOCIETY
STATE: Democracy: the State says (asserts?): I am the people.“ – Lothar Schmidt - (“Demokratie: der Staat sagt: das Volk bin ich.” ) Just like Louis IV, absolute King of France, once said: “I am the State!” – “The supreme misrepresentation” would be another definition of the territorial State. - J.Z., 5.8.12. – DEMOCRACY, IMPOSED & COLLECTIVIST SOVEREIGNTY VS. SOVEREIGNTY OF SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES OF VOLUNTEERS AND INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PEOPLE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM,
STATE: Despite the moral abominations practised by most States, which seem to leave millions free of debts to any agencies of order, philosophers remain biased towards the idea of adherence to law.” – David B. Lyons, Rights Against Humanity, THE PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW, April 76. – Statist adherents to territorialism hardly deserve being called philosophers or moral people. - JZ, 8.3.11. - They are, obviously, unaware of its voluntary and rightful opposites and how it outlaws or restricts natural rights, and genuine individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 8.3.11. - STATISM, SOCIAL CONTRACT, HUMAN RIGHTS, DICTATORSHIP, AUTHORITARIANISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Disown the government and do not support it with your taxes. Enlighten the oppressed as to their own self-imposed servitude, but stay away from the State for it will only contaminate you. The similarity between Lane’s answer and Thoreau’s solution is striking: “When the subject has refused allegiance, and the officer has resigned his office, then the revolution is accomplished.” – Carl Watner, February 1982, A Voluntary Political Government. – When only one involuntary subject refuses to obey it, only one involuntary taxpayer refuses to pay taxes, only one individual attempts to secede from it and only one involuntary conscript becomes a conscientious objector, then a liberating revolution, one deserving that term, has hardly begun. On the contrary, such primitive beginnings are easily suppressed, ignored, ridiculed or shrugged off by almost any territorial State. - It is the old fallacy of a J. C., 007, Superman, "great leader" or Hero as a saviour for all others. - How to expropriate any democratic territorial government, while privatizing all its remaining assets, was described in some details in PEACE PLANS 19 C, which is on www.butterbach.net/lmp/cd2/ - Effective resistance against and the abolition of the territorial State does require at least as much of a science and preparation as military science. - It must also scientifically tackle and solve all the political, economic and social problems involved. - It is not enough to win militarily against it and then lose the peace through almost total unpreparedness for it. Most dictatorships, tyrannies and authoritarian Welfare States arose out of unsolved problems, for which territorial statism was offered as a solution. - There are many hints towards tax strikes and voluntary taxation online, but the best of them have not yet been turned into a suitable program for either action to have a good chance to become widely adopted and to succeed. - Intellectually it is as poor a response as merely saying: "abolish government", - "down with government", "say no to government", "ban government", "ban the bomb!", "throw the rascals out!", “fuck the State!” or smearing (A) on walls. Regarding: “… ditch the machinery of the State.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.1021, see the next entry. Effective programs of e.g. a tax strike, citizen strike, liberation, revolution, military insurrection public enlightenment defence against aggression from dictatorships and to prevent nuclear war and to achieve lasting peace have either still to be developed or to be sufficiently published. - Naturally, I recommend my own writings on the subject, e.g. in www.butterbach.net/epinfo/abc/htm & www.butterbach.net/epinfo/peace/htm - If you find better ones, please, let me know. - JZ, 8.3.11. - SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, DIS., LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, TAX STRIKE, CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION
STATE: ditch the machinery of the State.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.1021. – As if we had it already in our own hands, ready to throw away! – JZ, 23.10.08. – We should only become able to ditch our own membership, dependency and subjugation to it, leaving others to their choices. – JZ, 9.4.09, 5.8.12. – INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL, PANARCHISM
STATE: During the last ten years I have read a great many books and articles, especially by German writers, in which an attempt has been made to set up “the State” as an entity having conscience, power, and will sublimated above human limitations, and as constituting a tutelary genius over us all. I have never been able to find in history or experience anything to fit this concept.” – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.8/9. - Our minds are still all too full of all too many primitive notions, like that of a perfect and benevolent God and of a perfect and benevolent State, a perfect central bank and a perfect constitution. – JZ, 4.7.08. - DIS. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, AS THE NEW MISLEADING RELIGION, UTOPISM
STATE: Each in its turn, Rothbard deals with the practical infrastructure questions which have to be answered in any economic system. Does the government have to provide clothing for its people? Of course not. Then why education? How about streets, roads and other “public services”? Applying sound economic reasoning to each of these areas, Rothbard finds no reason why the market cannot provide all of these services. And then he takes up the ultimate question. If the market can fulfill all of the conceivable consumer’s needs, including education, and public services, then why not protection and judicial services? Why not, indeed, asks Rothbard, who then proceeds with a meticulous marginal analysis of the question. His conclusion is that the market can provide the optimal amount of protection and judicial needs of society, just as it can, and, when allowed to do so, does for all of society’s other needs. He also sets forth the matter in which he thinks such protective systems and courts might emerge in a free market environment.” – Walter Grinder on Rothbard: “For a New Liberty”. - Also whole package deals for volunteers, offering different services and different combinations of them to voluntary subscribers, institutions, which would amount to panarchies under panarchism. - JZ, 8.3.11. - MARKET, PUBLIC SERVICES, ANARCHISM, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, ROTHBARD
STATE: Essentially, the State operates as a protection racket, except that it vastly exaggerates its ability to protect.” - Ascribed to, not quoting: Jan Narveson. - FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, Nr. 63. - AS PROTECTION RACKET, TERRITORIALISM, PROTECTION RACKET
STATE: Essentially, there is no difference between prison walls and territorially imposed borders – except that the latter imprison and restrict many more innocent people. – JZ, 4.1.00, 11.6.08. – TERRITORIALISM, PRISONS, WALLS, BORDERS, FRONTIERS,
STATE: Even when the citizens tremble there are already cracks in the foundations of the State.” – Stanislaw Jerzy Lec. – JZ tr. of: “Auch wenn Buerger zittern, gibt es Risse in den Grundmauern des Staates.” – Another JZ tr.: Even the mere trembling of citizen can already lead to some breaks in the foundations of the State. - But e.g. through State-terror or merely submissive statism the territorial State can then, nevertheless, persist for decades or even centuries. Has the science for rightful revolutions, uprising and liberations been sufficiently developed and spread as yet, as much, as e.g. sports, literature and the arts, technology and natural sciences and the military science have been developed and spread? Is even a serious attempt made in this direction? – JZ, 2.7.08. – TOTALITARIANISM, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION
STATE: Every actual State is corrupt. Good men must not obey the laws too well.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1803-1882, Essays, Second Series: Politics. - Every actual State is corrupt. – Emerson – Quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.143. - Most corruption is probably caused by territorial government interference, making bribes of officials necessary to go ahead. - Private and competitive insurance, protection and adjudication companies would do a better, more honest and cheaper job. - JZ, 23. 11. 06, 8.3.11. - & CORRUPTION, POWER
STATE: Every central power which follows its natural tendencies,” wrote Tocqueville, “courts and encourages the principle of equality; for equality singularly facilitates, extends, and secures the influence of a central power.” And it was Thomas Jefferson who observed that the state with power to do things for people has the power to do things to them.” - Robert A. Nisbet, The New Despotism, p.26. - Centralized territorial powers for Local, State and Federal Governments means equality merely of subjects - combined with all too great and wrongful powers for the rulers, i.e. their great “inequality”. – JZ, 3.7.08, 8.3.11. – EQUALITY, CENTRALIZATION, TERRITORIALISM, POWER
STATE: every civilization that declined or was lost carried an all-powerful State on its back.” - Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.151. - CIVILIZATION, TERRITORIALISM, POWER
STATE: Every State acts according to the principle of gangsters: A protection that is not wanted is imposed and “fees” for this are coercively collected. – K. H. Z. Solneman (K. H. Zube) in “Der Bahnbrecher J. H. Mackay”, p.179. - MAFIA TURF, ORGANIZED CRIME, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Every state is a "terrorist state," for each, in varying degrees, threatens people with the infliction of violence or death for failure to abide by its demands.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 58. - & TERRORISM
STATE: Every State is a despotism, whether the dominant power belongs to one, to many, or to all. – Zenker, Anarchism, p.97, a view ascribed to Max Stirner. - TERRITORIALISM VS. VOLUNTARY OR COMPETING GOVERNMENTS
STATE: Every State is a despotism. All Right and all Force should belong to the whole people.” (Jeder Staat is eine Despotie; alles Recht und alle Gewalt sollen der Gesamtheit des Volkes gehoeren.) – Max Stirner, in: John Henry Mackay, Max Stirner, p.143. – Alas, he did not define what constitutes a whole people: E.g. only the majority or each minority for itself? He may be forgiven for this omission, since this distinction is not even made generally today, since territorialism is taken for granted, as justified and inevitable, even as useful. – JZ, 19.9.07. – “The people” and “territorialism” are “fixed ideas” in Stirner’s sense. – JZ, 5.4.09. – The odd aspect is that he, the major exponent of “egoism”, self-ownership and self-responsibility, was still uncritically using such a vague term as “the whole people”. Thereby he subscribed to territorialism. – J.Z., 5.8.12. - DESPOTISM, RIGHT & FORCE, THE WHOLE OF THE PEOPLE, SOVEREIGNTY
STATE: Every State is a legalized common interest group that is a conspiracy against the individual.” – Walter Mehring. – (Jeder Staat ist eine legalisierte Interessengemeinschaft gegen das Individuum.) - Every panarchy is a special interest group that does its own things only for or to itself, always at the own risk and expense. - JZ, 8.3.11.
STATE: Every state is divisible into two parts, one of which is sovereign, the other subject….” – Holland, quoted by: Raymond Garfield Gettel, Readings in Political Science, Ginn & Co., Boston, New York, Chicago, London, 1911, p.23. – Nevertheless, the propaganda of territorial States speaks of “sovereign people”, as if the all too limited choices of “the” vote had really or enough significance. – JZ, 9.9.07. – Holland, too, did not distinguish between territorial and exterritorial States. – JZ, 5.8.12. - SOVEREIGNTY, RULES & SUBJECTS, TERRITORIALISM, VOTING, GENERAL FRANCHISE, BALLOT, DEMOCRACY, PEOPLES
STATE: Every state represents human sin on the large scale; in the growth of the State the most brutal, anti-divine forces have taken a share, to an extent unheard of in the individual life, save in that of some prominent criminals.” – Emil Brunner – If they were merely anti-divine, I for one would not mind this. I mind only its inhumanity, it offences against individual rights and liberties. – J.Z., 5.8.12. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Every State rules also territorially; interdicts with its State power the free relations of peoples to each other, of individual to other individual, of human beings to other human beings.” – LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 3. (“Jeder Staat herrscht auch territorial; unterbindet mittels der staatlichen Gewalt die freien Beziehungen von Volk zu Volk, von den Individuen zu den Individuen, den Menschen zu den Menschen.“)
STATE: every state will subsist by plundering the majority in (*) behalf of a ruling minority. … Throughout history, then, the State has consisted of a minority plundering and tyrannizing over a majority. (**) – Murray N. Rothbard, Conceived in Liberty, III, p.351. - (*) Should it not be “on”? – (**) And over other minorities! - JZ, 5.6.08.
STATE: Every step we take toward making the State the caretaker of our lives, by that much we move toward making the State our master.” - Dwight David Eisenhower. - Did he, as president or otherwise, reverse that trend? - JZ, 24.11.02. - STATISM, Q., TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Everybody in this country knows, he proclaimed, that “honest men rarely ever got into Congress.” Moreover, he continued, “Government, or more strictly speaking, the State, is not a voluntary body organized by men and women for their protection against invasion. The few really organize the State and the others are compelled to live according to its decrees.” Having that discovered, the real nature of the political world, he never again wavered in his rejection of it. - Apparently a late bloomer, Labadie claimed that he had never so much as written a single line of poetry prior to his fiftieth birthday. But once he got started he found it difficult to restrain himself. Operating a print shop in Detroit with the aid of his wife, who had helped him to educate himself, he issued anarchist tract after anarchist tract, using old wallpaper samples and scraps of leather and ribbon for materials. If the doggerel he produced was lacking in literary perfection, it was strong in sincerity and candor.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.322, on Jo Labadie. – His son, Laurance, who exceeded him as an individualist anarchist, was also a late bloomer in this respect. During the lifetime of his father he never showed an interest in anarchism. But after his father’s death … - JZ, 4.7.08. - TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENT, MINORITY RULE
STATE: Everybody's got a right to ignore the state and be safe doin' it.” - L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, p.192. - Except those still committed, for a while, to a State - by a contract and those who have committed crimes upon non-consenting victims! - JZ, 24.1.02. - IGNORING THE STATE, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM
STATE: Everyone knows that the State claims and exercises the monopoly of crime that I spoke of a moment ago, and that it makes this monopoly as strict as it can. It forbids private murder, but itself organizes murder on a colossal scale. It punishes private theft, but itself lays unscrupulous hands on anything it wants, whether the property of citizen or of alien. There is, for example, no human right, natural or constitutional, that we have not seen nullified by the United States government. Of all the crimes that are committed for gain or revenge, there is not one that we have not seen it commit - murder, mayhem, arson, robbery, fraud, criminal collusion, and connivance. On the other hand, we have all remarked the enormous relative difficulty of getting the State to effect any measure for the general welfare." - Albert Jay Nock, Anarchist's Progress - & CRIME, WAR, TAXATION, TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM, COERCION, COMPULSION, WAR, PROPERTY, THEFT, CRIMES
STATE: Everyone wants to life at the expense of the State. They forget that the State lives at the expense of everyone.” – Frederic Bastiat - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Everything the State says is a lie, and everything it has it has stolen.” - Friedrich Nietzsche. - TAXATION, THEFT
STATE: Evil, ambitions, greed, madmen in high places, numerous wrongful laws and regulations and vast bureaucracies are, under present conditions, likely to triumph over unarmed, untrained and unorganized subjects and their individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 5.4.99, 11.6.08. – MILITIA, TERRITORIALISM, POLICE, STANDING ARMIES, COURTS
STATE: Expect everything from yourselves alone. Expect nothing from those, who govern you. The State is not productive. It can give only what it has previously taken.” John Henry Mackay, quoted in: - Uwe Timm, Gesammelte Schriften, S.124. - WELFARE STATE, TAXATION & HANDOUTS
STATE: Experience teaches that none can guide the community; // The community is collaboration of forces; as such, thought shows, it cannot be led by the strength of one man. // To order it is to set it in disorder; // To fix it is to unsettle it.” - Lao-Tse, in the version quoted in Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.82. – ORDER, DISORDER, CENTRAL PLANNING, LEADERSHIP, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Express all the capital assets of the State in capital certificates and give each of its subjects an equal share in the total, declare it to be dissolved and give notice to all its servants. Then each former subject could associate with like-minded people into communities of volunteers, whether statist or non-statist ones, using these capital assets for their statist or for private or cooperative purposes, after they have been converted into share in particular former State capital assets, be it the post office, the road system, the railways or government buildings etc. For some details see PEACE PLANS 19c, which is also offered by me in digitized form: www.butterbach.net/lmp/cd2/ - By all means, make copies and sell them, if you can. In Australia this procedure could have turned everyone into a millionaire, in capital assets. – A libertarian party with such a platform could win – freedom for all its members and could let all the others go to hell in their own ways. - JZ, 27.6.08. – PANARCHISM, LIQUIDATION OF THE TERRITORIAL STATE, PANARCHISM, COMPLETE REPRIVATIZATION
STATE: Families and other affinity groups will remain when the territorial State is finally dissolved as a threat to the survival of man. – JZ, 19.1.85, 9.3.11, in response to: “Families dissolve, but the State remains.” – Rousseau, A Discourse on Political Economy, p.269. - DIS.
STATE: Few of us can easily surrender our belief that society must somehow make sense. The thought that the State has lost its mind and is punishing so many innocent people is intolerable. And so the evidence has to be internally denied.” – Arthur Miller - & SOCIETY STILL MIXED UP. TERRITORIAL STATES HAVE LOST THEIR MINDS, IF THEY EVER HAD THEM
STATE: First of all the State should be recognized as an “aggressive institution (*), which does not renounce its monopolism even when this causes more harm than good.” - Uwe Timm, Gesammelte Schriften, S.209. – Alas, people cannot as yet, – out of their own personal experience - think, talk and write about States that are only exterritorially autonomous and have only voluntary members and subjects. – JZ, 14.9.07. - (*) Only the territorial State, with compulsory membership and enforced obedience to it! – JZ, 14.9.07. - THE TERRITORIAL ONE, AN AGGRESSIVE INSTITUTION
STATE: First the title: “Of the Total Imbecility of the Legitimacy of States”, by Georges Tarras. Now for the text. This is the first chapter. There are no others, actually. The first and only chapter reads as follows: “The principle of the legitimacy of states is a ridiculous and perfectly inept concept. It has no legal foundation whatsoever. As the basis of each state, there is this historic fact: at a given moment, one tribe had bigger stone axes than the neighbouring tribes, thanks to which it crushed those tribes. In consequence, it is perfectly clear that no actual state has the slightest legal existence.” – “That’s it, Reb. I find my conclusion very satisfying.” – Paul-Loup Sulitzer, The Green King, Grafton Books, 1985/85, p.528. – COERCION, POWER, COMPULSION, LEGITIMACY, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: First, all known States, including in particular the State in modern Western society, have been instruments of violence against man’s freedom and prosperity. The modern Western State pretends to be the protector of freedom and the promoter of prosperity, but in fact it is the same tyrant and robber that all States have been.” – Arthur Shenfield, REASON, 8/76, summing up the neo-anarchist case. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: For Bastiat and the liberals of his age, the encroachment of the state in the lives of its citizens was not a solution to society’s problems, but instead was the problem itself.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat - A Man Alone, p.13. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: For has not this leviathan of civil power overflowed the earth with a deluge of blood, as if he were made to disport and play therein?” - Edmund Burke, A Vindication of Natural Society, p.74. – TERRITORIALISM, VIOLENCE, BLOODSHED, WARFARE STATE
STATE: For libertarians regard the State as the supreme, the eternal, the best organized aggressor against persons and property of the mass of the public. All States everywhere, whether democratic, dictatorial, or monarchical, whether red, white, blue, or brown. “– Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty: The State as Aggressor. - AS AGGRESSOR,TERRITORIALISM
STATE: For the liberal the state is an absolute necessity, since the most important tasks are incumbent upon it: the protection not only of private property, but also of peace, for in the absence of the latter the full benefits of private property cannot be reaped.” – Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism, p.39, according to a review by Israel M. Kirzner, in THE FREEMAN, Nov. 85, p.679 - The territorial State is, as a rule, rather a robber and Warfare State, not an institution to protect property and peace. – JZ, 31.7.92, 30.6.08. (*) Compare the dialogue between Robert LeFevre and Edmund Opitz, Must We Depend Upon Political Protection? Yes … Edmund A. Opitz. – No … Robert Le Fevre, The Freedom School, Colorado Sprints, 1963, 66pp. Reproduced in microfiche on PEACE PLANS 164. - As a territorial State, even a classical liberal and, supposedly, sufficiently "limited government", would still be a despotic imposition upon all its peaceful dissenters. - JZ, 9.3.11. - PEACE, PROPERTY, PROTECTION, DIS.
STATE: For the State nothing is above the State. For the politician nothing is above his power and politics. For the bureaucrat nothing is more important than his position and for the individual nothing is or should be more important than his individual rights and liberties. Alas, he rather entrusts them, of all institutions, to the territorial State, i.e., to politicians, bureaucrats and policemen, even while he often expresses his lack of faith in them. – But then even the faith in a benevolent God persisted, in the face of all the evidence against the existence of such a being or force. – The territorial State is more real and thus much easier to believe in. – All its faults are usually not blamed on it or its “great” leader but merely on underlings. And so this mixture of a comedy and a tragedy goes on and on. - JZ, 4.7.92, 2.7.08, 9.3.11. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: For there is no terror, cruelty, sacrilege, perjury, imposture, infamous transaction, cynical theft, brazen robbery, or foul treason which has not been and is not still being committed daily by representatives of the State, and with no other excuse, than this elastic, at times so convenient and terrible phrase raison d’état. A terrible phrase indeed! For it has corrupted and dishonored more people than Christianity itself. As soon as it is uttered, everything becomes silent and drops out of sight: honor, justice, right, pity itself vanishes, and with it logic and sound sense; black becomes white and white becomes black, the horrible becomes humane, and the most dastardly felonies and the most atrocious crimes become meritorious acts.” - Michael Bakunin, Federalism, Socialism, and Anti-Theologism, 1867. – STATISM, POWER POLITICS, “REALPOLITIK”, TERRITORIALISM, CONSTITUTIONALISM, LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS, RULERS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, REPRESENTATIVES, MANDATE, MAJORITARIANISM
STATE: For where's the state beneath the firmament // That doth excel the bees for government?” - Guillaume de Salluste, Seigneur Du Bartas, Divine Weeks and Works, First Week, Fifth Day, pt. 1. - They might not exceed the totalitarianism, territorialism, imposed altruism and sacrifices and slavery of the bee hives but are bad and unnatural enough, on their own, for human beings, when compared with free and competitive societies, all of their kinds of volunteers only. - JZ, 24.11.02, 9.3.11. – GOVERNMENT, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS
STATE: For, as a criminal organization with all of its income and assets derived from the crime of taxation, the State cannot possess any just property. This means that it cannot be unjust or immoral to fail to pay taxes to the State, to appropriate the property of the State (which is in the hands of aggressors), to refuse to obey State orders, or to break contracts with the State (since it cannot be unjust to break contracts with criminals). Morally, from the point of view of proper political philosophy, “stealing” from the State, for example, is removing property from criminal hands, is, in a sense, “homesteading” property, except that instead of homesteading unused land, the person is removing property from the criminal sector of society – a positive good.” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.182. - PROPERTY, THEFT, CRIME, CRIMINALS
STATE: Form is emptiness; leave that emptiness without falling into it.” - L. E. Modesitt, Gravity Dreams, Orbit, London, 1999, p.490. - CONSTITUTIONALISM, INDIVIDUAL & MINORITY GROUP SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL UNDER PERSONAL LAW, VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM
STATE: Formerly one believed one could not manage without the princes. Now, that one has begun to chase them away, one sees that one has not lost anything with them but has only gained something. Today one still believes that one needs the State. One day one will see, that it is possible to live without it.” - John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, p.143. – JZ tr. of: “Frueher glaubte man, es gehe nicht ohne die Fuersten. Jetzt, wo man angefangen hat, sie davonzujagen, sieht man, dass man an ihnen nichts verloren, sondern dass man nur gewonnen hat. Heute glaubt man noch, es gehe nicht ohne den Staat. Eines Tages wird man sehen, dass es auch ohne ihn geht.“ - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Freedom for Libertarians, the State for the Statists only! – Let them secede from each other. Voluntary segregation for both! – JZ, 9/72. - But on the exterritorial model, not the territorial one. – JZ, 1.7.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM
STATE: Freedom from every statist coercion for the individual.” – (“Freiheit von jedem staatlichen Zwang fuer das Individuum.”) - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Beitrag zur Berichtigung der Urteile des Publikums ueber die Franzoesische Revolution, quoted in a review. – In this 1793 book Fichte wrote explicitly of individual secessionism as a right and as one that is at least initially practised in every revolution. – JZ, 2.7.08. - INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM
STATE: Freedom, for the modern state, means the right to obey and conform to its laws and ideology. – J. H. Spring, “Sociological and Political Ruminations”, in “The 12-Year Sentence”, edited by W. F. Rickenbacher.
STATE: Freedom, justice, peace, prosperity and progress are not attainable through territorial States but oppression, injustice, exploitation, war, economic crises and poverty are. – JZ, 22.4.96, 28.5.08, 5.8.12.
STATE: From the very beginnings of organized society (*), Tucker insisted, church and state, presumptuously claiming the blessings of God, have “had all the money, all the land, all the saints, all the bayonets, and all the fools (whose name is legion) (**) to work with …” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.149. - (*) States! – Societies are spontaneously self-organizing and not confined to a territory. They also allow members to secede from them. Voluntarism not territorialism and power is their characteristic. - JZ, 9.4.09. - (*) By the billions? - JZ, 9.3.11.
STATE: From the viewpoint of an incipient world community, every so-called state is a special-interest group seeking through conflict to get as much from others as possible – through currency manipulation, control of resources, and, on occasion, both hot and cold war.” – Milford Q. Sibley: The Obligation to Disobey, p.33. – SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, MONOPOLISM, WARFARE STATES
STATE: Fundamental to American anarchist thought is the philosophical rejection of the most artificial and destructive of all imposed institutions, the modern nation state.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.582. - TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, STATISM
STATE: Furthermore, it often turns out in practice that “the State” is not even the known and accredited servants of the State, but, as has been well said, is only some obscure clerk, hidden in the recesses of a Government bureau, into whose power the chance has fallen for the moment to pull one of the stops which control the government machine. In former days it often happened that “The State” was a barber, a fiddler, or a bad woman. In our day it often happens that “the State” is a little functionary on whom a big functionary is forced to depend.” - W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.9/10. - BUREAUCRACY, LEADERSHIP, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: get this statist monkey of our back.” – Elizabeth McEachern Miller, quoted by Rousas John Rushdoony, p 92 of ? - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Given a choice, the natural tendency of the State is to add to its power, not to cut it down.” - Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.93. - POWER, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Government and state can never be perfect because they owe their raison d'etre to the imperfection of man and can attain their end, the elimination of man's innate impulse to violence, only by recourse to violence, the very thing they are called upon to prevent.” - Ludwig von Mises. – The imperfections and disabilities of territorial States do also owe their numerous failures and wrongs to their very nature and to the imperfections of man. Even with the best intentions they can achieve only so much, if anything. Whatever imperfect men can or could achieve, could only be fully demonstrated by communities of volunteers under full exterritorial autonomy, i.e., under optimal conditions. While then most of these independent reform experiments would still fail, some would succeed, largely because they would be inherently correct and unhindered and from them their innovations could peacefully and voluntarily spread, by being gradually adopted by most other people and communities. – JZ, n.d. & 5.8.12. - GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIAL VS. EXTERRITORIAL ONES, COERCIVE VS. VOLUNTARY & COMPETING ONES, PROGRESS TO BE EXPERIMENTAL & VOLUNTARY, VIOLENCE, GOVERNMENT, PROTECTION, PERFECTION
STATE: Government bureaucrats are by nature sluggish, secretive, and suspicious – the three S’s of their craft.” – B. Atkinson, quoted in: Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, p.61. - STATISM, GOVERNMENTS, BUREAUCRACY, MONOPOLISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: government by geography rather than by consent.” – C. T. Fowler, THE SUN, I/5, May June 1887. p.5. – TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM
STATE: Government is organized cannibalism: it “serves” people, “fairly”. – JZ, 10/10.79. - JOKES
STATE: Government may be considered as an enormous cover-up operation for wrong doers. – JZ, 5.8.92.
STATE: Government, or the State, has been the tool through which the latent destructive energy present in the impulses of Nationalism, Racism, Religion and Socialism is converted into warfare, ethnic cleansing, political tyranny, forced starvation, and the other terrible violations of human rights that have been responsible for so much suffering, particularly in the 20th century." (09/02) - Starchild, Liberty For All. - http://www.free-market.net/rd/743353754.html - How many destructive impulses of this kind would remain after the disappearance of territorialism, i.e., the realization of exterritorial autonomy for volunteers? - JZ, 23.9.02. - GOVERNMENT, WAR, TYRANNY, PEACE, Q., TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE
STATE: Government. – The greatest violator of the principle of equal liberty is the State. Its functions are to control, to rule, to dictate, to regulate, and in exercising these functions it interferes with and injures individuals who have done no wrong.” – Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.20. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, INTERVENTIONISM, LEGISLATION, BUREAUCRACY
STATE: Governments and the institutions known as the State remain the relationship between conquerors and the conquered.” – L. Labadie, What Is Man’s Destiny? – Even the worst territorial government has still some followers. Only they do deserve it – exterritorially! But all others ought to become free to opt out from under it – to do their own things, for or to themselves. – JZ, 13.4.09. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY.
STATE: Governments exist for one purpose only – that is – not to be blamed. They want to be seen as the saviors of mankind.” – FOREST meeting, 26.7.90. - Instead, territorial governments are the cause of most man-made catastrophes. - JZ, 9.3.11.
STATE: Hate or idealism - the goal is the same, 'Destroy the State'. ...” - Tom Godwin, The Greater Thing, ASTOUNDING SF, July 1954, British edition, p.95. - It becomes sufficiently destroyed, as a coercive and monopolistic and centralistic organization, once individuals and minority groups can may freely secede from it and it becomes thus exposed to free competition from exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers. In other words, not the State as such must be "destroyed" but merely its present, wrongful, excessive and harmful powers and characteristics, which suppress the rise and development of rightful and sound alternatives to the territorial State. This kind of "destruction" by "one-man-revolutions" will also provoke the least degrees of suppression while maximizing all liberating forces and giving them a common platform. - Destroy the notion of "destroying the State" - and develop the notion of the possibility, rightfulness and desirability of peaceful, non-coercive and non-monopolistic alternatives to the territorial State, including non-governmental and exterritorial free societies, of whatever colour, purpose, methods and aims. - JZ, 7.2.02. - PANARCHISM, DESTRUCTION OR DEVELOPMENT, OPTING OUT OR A NEW IMPOSITION?
STATE: Have any subjects of any territorial State any good reasons for being proud of their State and the state or condition it has put them in? – JZ, 10.4.09. – Q., STATISM, PRIDE, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, PATRIOTISM
STATE: Having fixed in our minds the fact that the State consists of a number of people who are up to no good, we should proceed to treat them accordingly. You do not genuflect before an ordinary loafer; why should you pay homage to a bureaucrat?” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.110. – Also in the collection of his essays: “Fugitive Essays”, p.389. - I suppose that Frank Chodorov did not genuflect before any bureaucrat or politician. However, what has he achieved thereby? – Can one man, under territorialism, make a successful and quite liberating revolution? - JZ, 28.6.08. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, MONETARY FREEDOM REVOLUTION, MILITARY INSURRECTION, Q., BUREAUCRACY, POWER
STATE: he is now exchanging membership in society for servitude for the State.” – Felix Morley, State and Society, in Templeton, The Politicization of Society, p.65. – This assumes that the individual is already free to make such choices for himself or herself. But this is precisely one of the most important rights and liberties that is still amiss in territorial States. – How could anyone overlook this fact? - JZ, 2.7.08. – SOCIETY, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY OF ALL KINDS FOR ALL INDIVIDUALS, ACCORDING TO THEIR OWN PREFERENCES
STATE: He realized that as an historical fact the State and the individual had always come into conflict.” – Herbert Read, Anarchism and Order. - INDIVIDUALISM
STATE: He was an anti-Statist because he revolted at the vulgarism of politics and its devotees; in his classic, Our Enemy the State, he likens the State to a “professional criminal class”. – Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.142, on A. J. Nock.
STATE: He who says ‘state” means coercion and compulsion.” – Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.47.
STATE: Hegel advanced a nuanced critique of the Jacobin tendencies of the Revolution from an essentially liberal perspective, criticizing the quality of life “engendered in a modern state where everything is regulated from the top downwards, where nothing with any general implications is left to the management and execution of interested parties of the people.” – Arblaster/Lukes, The Good Society, p.17. - TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM, CENTRALIZATION, PLANNING, DOMINATION, VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENTS, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETITION, STATISM
STATE: Here is my contention: The state has no principled role in remedying social distress, none whatsoever!” – Leonard E. Read, Talking to Myself, p.42. – No principal or economic, or political role, either, except among its own volunteers and at their own risk and expense only. – JZ, 9.4.09, 9.3.11. - REMEDIES, SOLUTIONS, PROBLEMS, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM VS. COMPULSION, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM VS. ENFORCED OBEDIENCE
STATE: Here was Individualism at its best. – In a Manifesto to the Nation, the Friends of Economy next submitted six major principles as the foundation of all good government: first, that the people support the State, and not the State the people; …” - Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.75. – Alas, any hint towards monetary freedom was missing in this platform, too. – And that in the middle of the Great Depression of the 30’s! – Underlining by me. - JZ, 1.7.08. - It is also significant that the people are forced to support the territorial State and are not free to secede from it and to compete with it vial alternative societies and communities of volunteers. - JZ, 9.3.11. - TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSION, MONOPOLISM, STATISM, SECESSIONISM, PEOPLE, INDIVIDUALISM, VOLUNTARISM
STATE: His central theme is the necessity to destroy the capitalist state once the communists have seized power. One specific statement is: ‘Such a course of events compels the revolution to concentrate all its forces of destruction against the state power, and to regard the problem as one not of perfecting the machinery of the state, but of breaking up and annihilating it’.“ – Page 27 of Lenin, “The State and the Revolution.” – Fred C. Schwarz, President of CACC, Christian Anti-Communism Crusade, NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, March 74. - Apart from the State capitalist States there are actually only other largely anti-capitalist territorial States. - They all suppress capitalistic or free market or laissez-faire competition from exterritorially autonomous societies and communities of volunteers. – JZ, 5.7.08, 9.3.11.
STATE: Hopefully, people will some day realize that what counts is the overextension of State powers, not who holds public office.” – Edmund A. Opitz, in reviewing Nock’s “Our Enemy the State”, in THE FREEMAN, 6/74. – The territorial monopoly of every existing State, however limited it may be in other respects, is already an overextension of the power of the State. – JZ, 5.7.08. Only in the miniature States is it relatively harmless. - However, a conventional "local government" is already a territorial one and, as such, it can already be too large, too powerful, too wrong and too harmful as well as too hard to get rid of. - JZ, 9.3.11, 5.8.12. - DIS.
STATE: How can a system, a state or a nation that practises mass killing be called civilized?” - Kevork Ajemian, The Fallacy of Modern Politics, Books International, PO Box 6096, McLean, Virginia 22106, 1986, Tel. (703) 821-8900, p.151. - NATION, GOVERNMENT, POLITICAL SYSTEM, TERRITORIAL RULE & CIVILIZATION, MASS MURDERS, WARS, NWT
STATE: How can we expect the state to act in the real interests of the masses when its political and administrative machinery is effectively controlled by a small group of persons whose interest is to preserve the status quo, and above all to perpetuate and extend the power of the state itself?” – David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, introduction, p.4/5.
STATE: How many people, or how many square miles of land, are needful to constitute a State whose decrees shall be binding on the conscience? Will they be binding "where two or three are gathered together"? or is a greater number required? And is any number too great?” - Theo P. Perkins, in Tucker's LIBERTY, 1892. - SIZE, TERRITORY, TERRITORIALISM, LAWS, CONSCIENCE, Q., BIGNESS, CENTRALIZATION, DECENTRALIZATION, VOLUNTARISM, OPTIMAL SIZE FOR ORGANIZATIONS, MAJORITARIANISM, DEMOCRACY, OPTIMUM SIZES
STATE: How much richer would all of us be if we remained untaxed, unregulated and un-serviced by the territorial State? – JZ, 20.3.94. - WEALTH, PROSPERITY, LIVING STANDARD, TAXATION, RICHES, REGULATIONS, LAWS, WAGES, Q.
STATE: How shall I know the best State? By the same token that you know the best woman: by the fact, my friend, that there is no talk about either.” – Schiller, quoted in FREEDOM REVIEW, Spring 65. – Actually, the best territorial State is still wrong and inferior through its territorialism. The best panarchistic alternative to all of them is the one that will be most talked about and most widely copied. It is, largely, a waste of time and energy to cite and discuss the numerous failures of territorial States without considering their abolition and their replacement by exterritorially autonomous communities and societies of volunteers. - JZ, 9.3.11. - JOKES.
STATE: Human institutions are by their nature so imperfect that it almost always suffices, in order to destroy them, to draw the last consequences out of their principles.” – Tocqueville, Pensees detaches. – (JZ tr. of: “ Die menschlichen Einrichtungen sind von Natur so unvollkommen, dass es, um sie zu zerstoeren, fast immer genuegt, aus ihren Grundsaetzen alle Folgerungen zu ziehen.”) - A kind of creative destruction will operate for human societies and communities as well as it does for enterprises, once free competition is introduced in this sphere. Only the best ones will survive this competition and the worst ones will disappear most rapidly, the merely flawed ones, not as fast shedding their flaws, will disappear more slowly. – JZ, 29.6.08, 9.3.11. – POLITICAL, ECONOMIC & SOCIAL SYSTEMS, ALL ONLY FOR VOLUNTEERS. PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALIST COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES
STATE: Humanity at its highest level … does not need a state.” – SCHOPENHAUER, Parerga, Berlin, 1851, S.207, par. 125. – C. E. McClelland & S. P. Scher, Post-German Culture, p.131. – Scherr? – As if the lower classes would need a territorial State and as if the “intellectuals” were not mostly territorial statists as well. – JZ, 4.7.08. – ANARCHISM, GOVERNMENT, CLASSES, ELITISM, DIS.
STATE: humans should be more than helpless automatons obeying every whim of the State.” - Tom Godwin, The Greater Thing, ASTOUNDING SF, July 1954, British edition, p.88. - SELF-HELP, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, CONTROLS, LAWS, REGULATIONS, OBEDIENCE, DISOBEDIENCE, MAN
STATE: I agree with Professor Woodrow Wilson when he wrote in 1900: “And the authority of governors, directly or indirectly, rests in all cases ultimately on force. Government in its last analysis, is organized force.” (*) – Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, p.123. – (*) See: The State by Woodrow Wilson, Boston, C. Heath & Co, 1900, p.572. - Alas, this professor, too, became one of the political and territorial coercers, rather than a teacher of genuine self-government and self-management, all only exterritorially and for volunteers, thus making the use of force in most cases unnecessary. However, to uphold genuine individual rights and liberties, of which politicians and bureaucrats and their enforcers do know and appreciate all too little, the use of force is justified. Thus he, too, became partly responsible for some of the numerous crimes of territorialism, while he was on the rudder, in war and peace. The territorialist protection, even apart from its war victims, did cost mankind the lives of more than 200 million people last century and kept billions in poverty. – How many were killed in this period by private criminals? - JZ, 9.3.11, 6.8.12. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: I am not interested in the survival of the territorial State but in the survival of mankind and its very diverse peoples and groups, finally with all their indidual rights and liberties protected against all usurpations and invasions of territorial statists. – Territorial States with mass murder devices in their hands are the worst protection, defence and survival institutions that can be imagined. - JZ, 15.10.92, 2.7.08, 6.8.12. – SURVIVAL, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, PEOPLE, MANKIND, HUMANITY, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: I am the state – I alone am here the representative of the people.” – Napoleon Bonaparte, Senate, 1814. – He still asserted or believed that, after he had become responsible for the murder, mostly in military fashion, of about 2 million people! – JZ, 5.7.08. – Once he even bragged that he could afford to “spend” 30,000 lives a day! – J.Z., 6.8.12. – NAPOLEON I, RULERS, LEADERSHIP
STATE: I believe the states can best govern our home concerns and the federal government our foreign ones.” – Thomas Jefferson. - - I believe that territorial States are not rightful and effective, neither at the federal, nor the State nor the local level. - JZ, 26. 11. 06, 6.8.12. - & SELF-GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: I call it the State where everyone, good or bad, is a poison-drinker: the State where universal slow suicide is called – life.” - Friedrich Nietzsche, quoted in Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, part III, Great Libertarians, as motto. – PROTECTION, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM
STATE: I define the State as that institution which possesses one or both (almost always both) of the following properties: (1) it acquires its income by the physical coercion known as “taxation”, and (2) it asserts and usually obtains a coerced monopoly of the provision of defense service (police and courts) over a given territorial area. Any institution, not possessing either of these properties is not and cannot be, in accordance with my definition, a State.” – Murray N. Rothbard, Society Without A State, THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, Jan. 75. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: I do not call upon the state to compel everyone to accept my opinion, but, rather, not to force me to accept anybody else’s opinion.” – Frederic Bastiat, Essays, p.276. – The territorial State, not known to be tolerant and being even basically intolerant still, even in its most limited territorial form, is not a suitable protector of tolerance towards tolerant actions, not even of tolerance for dissenting opinions. – JZ, 24.5.92, 6.8.12. – LIMITED GOVERNMENT, PROTECTION, TOLERANCE, PANARCHISM.
STATE: I do not need the State or want the State but the State needs me or, rather, my obedience and taxes. – JZ, 22.4.96.
STATE: I don’t hate the State! I am even prepared to tolerate it, for others – but only as an exterritorially autonomous community with voluntary members only and with no territorial monopoly at all. – States and their governments only as panarchies and only for statists, i.e. confined to personal law, volunteers and exterritorial autonomy, like all other societies and communities should be! - JZ, 13.1.78, 3.7.08, 6.8.12. – HATE, TOLERATION, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIALISM
STATE: I had seen that it gives men no choice as to whether they will be members of the body politic or not.” - Charles Lane, Letter I, of March 4, 1843, in Carl Watner edition. – INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: I have always opposed the notion that the State is authorized to arbitrarily dispose of anyone (to use any person in an authoritarian way).” - Otto Dibelius, Reden und Briefe, p.139., 3.9.1961.
STATE: I heartily accept the motto: “The government is best which governs least”; and I should like to see it acted up to more readily and systematically. - Trade and commerce, if they were not made of India-rubber, would never manage to bounce over the obstacles which legislators are continually putting in their way; and, if one were to judge these men wholly by the effects of their actions, and not partly by their intentions, they would deserve to be classed and punished with those mischievous persons who put obstructions on the railroads. - There will never be a really free and enlightened State, until the State comes to recognize the individual as a higher and independent power, from which all its own power and authority are derived, and treats him accordingly.” – Thoreau, Civil Disobedience.
STATE: I look upon the Non-Resistance Society as an assertion of the right of self-government. Why should I employ a church to write my creed or a state to government? Why not write my own creed? Why not govern myself?” – Bronson Alcott, in the journal of the Society, the NON-RESISTANT, October 1839, quoted in Carl Watner, A Voluntary Political Government, p.23. – Non-resisting people may assert but do hardly assure their right to self-government. At most they do have the good sense of not attempting to resist overwhelming wrongful force with insufficient force. Alas, they seem to believe that the use of force against any people, at any time and under any conditions is itself is the greatest wrong, regardless of what purposes it is used for, e.g. initiated force, for criminal and aggressive purposes or defensive force against criminals and aggressors only. Certainly not all private and official criminals are deterred from using wrongful force against their victims when they use merely non-violent “resistance”. The rightful forces should finally become properly organized by citizen volunteers, in an ideal kind of militia, one only for the purpose of protecting genuine individual rights and liberties to the extent that they are known to and claimed by adults and guardians of the rights of children. – J.Z., 6.8.12. – NON-VIOLENCE, FORCE, RESISTANCE, LIBERATION, MILITIA, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, SELF-DEFENCE, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, SELF-GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY
STATE: I lost my faith in the great machine; I saw that thinking and acting for others had always hindered, not helped, the real progress, that all forms of compulsion deadened the living forces in a nation; that every evil violently stamped out still persisted, almost always in a worse form, when driven out of sight, and festered under the surface.” (*) – Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.45. - (*) Does that mean that one should not attempt to suppress, otherwise than merely by another law or bureaucracy, e.g. the sexual abuse of minors by adults or the remaining forms of slavery, mainly for the purpose of prostitution? – JZ, 3.7.08, 9.3.11. – RESPONSIBILITY, REPRESENTATION, COMPULSION, PROGRESS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, DIS., Q.
STATE: I mean by it [the State] that summation of privileges and dominating positions which are brought into being by extra-economic power.… I mean by Society, the totality of concepts of all purely natural relations and institutions between man and man. – Franz Oppenheimer. - The 19th- to 20th-century sociologist Franz Oppenheimer famously analyzed these concepts in his classic work The State. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: I saw that the state was half-witted, that it was timid as a lone woman with her silver spoons, and that it did not know its friends from its foes, and I lost all my remaining respect for it, and pitied it.” – H. D. Thoreau, Cape Cod, 1865. – Nevertheless, we are all more or less subjugated by it and its powers! – JZ, 29.6.08. – Is it really timid in imposing and collecting tax tributes and passing still more despotic laws and upholding them. Is it afraid to uphold previously passed wrongful laws of its territorial despotism or, rather, afraid or not interested in repealing them? – J.Z., 6.8.12. – Q., DIS.
STATE: If an anarchic homesteader actually was the supreme authority on his land and no one else had the power to over-rule his decisions, then his freehold would, indeed, be a sovereign State.” – Jim Stumm, THE CONNECTION 15, p.70. – Only if there were not only consenting but also dissenting others living there and if they were under his rule without their consent. On his own, he would merely enjoy self-rule but would not have the organization and the subjects and the territory of a State. – Anyhow, some real estate as private property is no more a territory than is a pair of socks or shoes one owns. - JZ, 13.8.87, 9.3.11. Private real estate should be distinguished from country-wide or territorial real estate of a government. Moreover, individual and exterritorial autonomy and personal law do not only apply on one’s own real estate, but nation-wide and world-wide. – While the concept of land is common to both territory and private real estate, a private block of land, even a very large one or many different blocks of land, next to the others, still do not form a “territory”. Most dictionaries are unanimous on that. - JZ, 1.7.08, 6.8.12. – PANARCHISM, PRIVATE PROPERTY, LAND, REAL ESTATE, EXTERRITORIALITY. Compare also: EXTRATERRITORIALITY, in the meaning of ENCLAVES of foreign powers.
STATE: If the end of the State (*) could ever be freely realized, no organized constitution of the State would henceforth be necessary.” – J. G. Fichte, Beitrag … Franzoesische Revolution, 1793. - (*) The pretended aim of the State! – Which territorial State has ever come close to the realization of its supposed ideal? – How many thousand further failed attempts are needed to dissolve territorial statism? - JZ, 4.7.08, 9.3.11. – As a genuinely protective force it has certainly been a failure and resembled much more a criminal protection racket than a force for peace, freedom and justice. – JZ, 6.8.12. - Q., DIS., CONSTITUTIONALISM, PURPOSE, MEANING, AIMS, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: If the State acts in ways abhorrent to human nature, it is the lesser evil to destroy it.” – Baruch Spinoza, 1632-1677. - Would it be an evil if only the territorialism of the State were destroyed? - JZ, 9.3.11.
STATE: If the State is a group of plunderers, who then constitutes the State? Clearly, the ruling elite consists at any time of (a) the full time apparatus – the kings, politicians, and bureaucrats who man and operate the State; and (b) the groups who have maneuvered to gain privileges, subsidies, and benefices from the State. The remainder of society constitutes the ruled.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty: The State as Aggressor. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: If the State, then, is a vast engine of institutionalized crime and aggression, the “organization of the political means” to wealth, then this means that the State is a criminal organization, and that therefore its moral status is radically different from any of the just property-owners that we have been discussing in this volume. And this means that the moral status of contracts with the State, promises to it and by it, differs radically as well. It means, for example, that no one is morally required to obey the State (except insofar as the State simply affirms the right of just private property against aggression.)” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.183 at the beginning of chapter 24: The Moral Status of Relations to the State. – Underlining by me. – JZ
STATE: If there is a state, then there is domination, and in turn there is slavery.” - Mikhail A. Bakunin, Gesammelte Werke, Golos Trude edition, I, p.233. , DOMINATION, SLAVERY, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: If this process of statism and militarization of peoples is not brought under control, then there will be no future for mankind worth living.” – LERNZIEL ANARCHIE Nr. 3. – (“… wird dieser Prozess der Verstaatlichung und Militarisierung der Voelker nicht gebaendigt, wird es fuer diese Menschheit eine lebenswerte Zukunft nicht mehr geben.”)
STATE: If we can manage to get the State, i.e., the politicians, their laws, institutions, and bureaucrats out of our lives then we could finally begin to live properly and to grow towards our individual potential. The statist environment ties us down, injures and cripples all of us more or less. It certainly does not fully develop or release all our creative potential or allow us to do that ourselves in any of those spheres which it has territorially monopolized. – JZ, 1.3.89, 29.6.08m 6.8.12.
STATE: If we look realistically at what is called the State, we see that it is composed of a group of persons drawn together by a mutual desire to exercise authority over their fellows, but the deluded people regard it as a mystical body endowed with super-human wisdom, capable of guiding them for their own good not only in economic matters but in the education of their children.” – Frank Dupuis, PROGRESS, 11/75. – STATISM, PEOPLE
STATE: Illuminatus, as I may not have mentioned before, is the most overtly anarchistic novel of this century. Shea and I seriously defined our purpose, when writing it, as trying to do to the State what Voltaire did to the Church – to reduce it to an object of contempt among all educated people. – Robert Anton Wilson, writing as TXC in LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION No. 75. - “trying to do to the State what Voltaire did to the Church – to reduce it to an object of contempt among all educated people.” – Robert Anton Wilson, Cosmic Trigger, p.224.
STATE: In a Manifesto to the Nation, the Friends of Economy next submitted six major principles as the foundation of all good government: first, that the people support the State, and not the State the people; secondly, that the use of capital as income is an economic crime; thirdly, that we are not entitled to impose the dead hand upon our children, and that, although, admittedly, history had furnished ample precedent for the passing on of war debt, we had carried this to far greater extremes in resorting to borrowing for the cost of our own amenities; …” - Sir Ernest Benn, in Deryck Abel: Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.75. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: in a nuclear era of total war, anarchists have tried to undermine the State by refusing to obey or co-operate with its immoral demands. They seek to create free zones and libertarian institutions rather than to overthrow the State in a cataclysmic revolution. To raise consciousness and challenge authorities, they have adopted a whole range of tactics from passive to active non-violent resistance, including demonstrations, boycotts, strikes, sit-ins, occupations, and refusing to pay taxes. They hope to change the public opinion on which the legitimacy of the State rests so that people will come to realize that it is not only harmful but also unnecessary.” – Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.637. – And wrongful! – Nor have all of them rejected forceful resistance altogether as a possibility. But their thinking on alternative institutions, including statists ones, confined to volunteers only and exterritorial autonomy, still leaves much to be desired. Likewise, their defence, revolution and liberation programs towards dictatorships – and their economic platforms. – JZ, 4.6.08. - ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS, ANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM VS. COMPULSION, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, RESISTANCE, NON-VIOLENCE
STATE: in a world dominated by the ethics of theft, the state acts as the perfect bad example.” – Lanny Friedlander in his early REASON article: “The Gang that Couldn’t Shoot Straight.” – TAXATION, TRIBUTE EXTORTION
STATE: In all times and in all places, whatever be the name that the government takes, whatever has been its origin or its organization, is essential function is always that of oppressing and exploiting the masses, and of defending the oppressors and exploiters. Its principal characteristic and indispensable instruments are the policeman and the tax collector, the soldier and the prison. And to these are necessarily added the time serving priest or the teacher. …” - Errico Malatesta, Anarchy, 1891.
STATE: In Augustine's words: 'Where justice has failed, what are States but great robbers?' - Political dialogue is, if not dead, moribund. And as a corollary, modern States are bands of robbers.” - John Wilkinson, The Civilization of the Dialogue, p.159, in: The Dissenting Academy, ed. by Theodor Roszak, Pelican. – STATES ARE BANDS OF ROBBERS
STATE: In China the State is not yet a shrine in the heart of the individual citizen but, instead, an evil from which one withdraws as much as possible.” – Quoted by Otto Reimers, 1976, in notes to St. Ch. Waldecke: Gedanken ueber Anarchie.
STATE: in contradiction to society, which results from free exchange, stands the State.” - Walter Grinder on Rothbard: For a New Liberty. – By this definition, all panarchies are societies, even the statist ones, to which their volunteers would contribute their taxes in return for their basket case of wanted social and public services. – JZ, 27.6.08, 6.8.12.
STATE: In every State the government is nothing but a permanent conspiracy on the part of the minority against the majority, which it enslaves and fleeces. It follows clearly from the very essence of the State that there never has been and could not be a State organization that did not run counter to the interests of the people and that was not deeply hated by them.” – Michael Bakunin, Science and the Urgent Revolutionary Task, 1870. – He, too, overlooked the possibility of freely competing States and governments, all without any territorial monopoly and involuntary subjects. – JZ, 5.4.09. - MINORITIES, MAJORITIES, RULERS FLEECING THEIR SUBJECTS, TERRITORIALISM VS. THE EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY OF PANARCHISM FOR ALL COMMUNITIES OF VOLUNTEERS, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, SECESSIONISM, COMPETING OR VOLUNTARY GOVERNMENTS, MAJORITIES, MINORITIES, PEOPLE,
STATE: In fact, checking the history of the past millennium from, say, the First Crusade to the Second World War, we see that what church and state do best is send mankind back to the Stone Age.” - P. J. O’Rourke, The CEO of the Sofa, Atlantic Monthly Press, 841 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10003, 2001, p.185. - & CHURCH
STATE: In nature the fertile earth descends from the mountains into the valleys. But in the State the valleys nourish the heights.” – Otto Reimers, 1976, comment to a quote in St. Ch. Waldecke: Gedanken ueber Anarchie. – Territorial State powers exist mainly only for the benefit of those thus empowered, under the pretence that they would be the servants of those thus stood over and exploited. Only if the victims were all volunteers would it serve them quite right, until they are finally mentally prepared to quit this “job” as a domesticated and exploited animal, as cannon fodder or as milking cows, as sheep regularly shorn, as obedient dogs of their masters or as privileged and petted fat cats. As George Orwell said, in “Animal Farm”: All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” – Quoted only from memory. – JZ, 13.4.09. – TAXATION, EXPLOITATION, RULERS, BUDGET, GOVERNMENT SPENDING
STATE: In our reasoning about civil disobedience, we must never forget that we and the state are separate in our interests, and we must not be lured into forgetting this by the agents of the state. The state seeks power, influence, wealth, as ends in themselves. The individual seeks health, peace, creative activity, love. The state, because of its power and wealth, has no end of spokesmen for its interests. This means the citizen must understand the need to think and act on his own or in concert with fellow citizens.” – Howard Zinn, Disobedience and Democracy, p.122. – VS. INDIVIDUALS
STATE: In proportion as you give the State power to do things for you, you give it power to do things to you; and that the State invariably makes as little as it can out of the one power and as much as it can of the other.” – Albert J. Nock. – POWER, WARFARE STATE, WELFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, DICTATORSHIPS, TOTALITARIANISM
STATE: In the confrontation between the State and freedom, there can be no middle ground, no safe haven, no neutral corner, nook, or cranny.” - Karl Hess – Would that be true any longer as soon as one can secede from it and organize oneself together with like-minded volunteers under personal laws and exterritorial autonomy? The former and seemingly-all powerful State itself would thereby be reduced to exterritorial rule over its remaining volunteers, just like the formerly hierarchical Catholic Church after Protestantism had finally realized religious tolerance. Any degree of statism – for statists only and any degree of freedom for freedom lovers, when it comes to political, economic and social systems and organizations as well: Panarchism! – He was a great libertarian writer but did he ever express himself clearly enough on this and on full monetary freedom? – JZ, 5.4.09, 9.3.11. - VS. FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE IN ALL SPHERES FOR ALL TOLERANT ACTIONS & ACTIVITIES, SECESSIONISM VS. TERRITORIALISM
STATE: In the first place, in any and all historical cases, “free society” did not “confer” any monopoly of coercion on the State; there has never been any form of voluntary “social contract”. In all historical cases, the State has seized, by the use of aggressive violence and conquest, such a monopoly of violence in society. And further, what the State has is not so much a monopoly of “coercion” as of aggressive (as well as defensive) violence, and that monopoly is established and maintained by systematically employing two particular forms of aggressive violence: taxation for acquisition of State income, and the compulsory outlawry of competing agencies of defensive violence (*) within the State’s acquired territorial area. Therefore, since liberty requires the elimination of aggressive violence in society (while maintaining defensive violence against possible invaders) (**), the State cannot and can never be justified as a defender of liberty. For the State lives by its very existence on the twofold and pervasive employment of aggressive violence against the very liberty and property of individuals that it is supposed to be defending. The State is qualitatively unjustified and unjustifiable.” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.224, arguing against an opinion by F. A. Hayek. – (*) The use of defensive force, only for the effective protection of individual rights and liberties, should never be called “violence”. – (**) real and present invaders! - JZ, 1.7.08. - SOCIETY, MONOPOLY, COERCION, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM, DELEGATION, REPRESENTATION, PANARCHISM, LIBERTY, PROPERTY, TAXATION, OUTLAWRY OF PANARCHIES OR OTHER PROTECTIVE & COMPETING AGENCIES FOR GENUINE DEFENCE OR PROTECTION
STATE: In the following pages the endeavor will be to examine some of the functions assumed by the State and to show, as will be easy, that in all these cases the results of state activity have been to impoverish the country and demoralized the citizen.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.21/22.
STATE: In the state, however, where man counts merely as one of his kind, he is an imaginary link in an imagined chain of sovereignty, robbed of his individual life and endowed with an unreal generality.” - Karl Marx, A World without Jews, 13. – Some of his early writings were somewhat antisemitic although he was a Jew himself. A world without any Jews would have been spared at least the Marxian kind of State Socialism and “philosophy”. Alas, every ethnic, racial, ideological and religious group has its mental cases and ignorant, prejudiced and intolerant fanatics. Ulrich von Beckerath used to call communism an “inherited sin” of mankind. Only consistently practised panarchism would render communists harmless to others than themselves. – To each his own choices. No one’s preferences to be imposed upon others. - VS. MAN, INTOLERANCE, FANATICISM, DOGMATISM, RACISM, COMMUNISM, TERRITORIALISM, ANTISEMITISM, NATIONALISM, IMPOSED UNIFORMITY OR “UNITY”, PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT PEOPLE, INTOLERANCE FOR ALL INTOLERANT ONES, MARXISM
STATE: In the West, over the past half-century, the State has ceased to be a night-watchman and is turning itself into a nanny, who in turn threatens to become a mental hospital orderly. – John Freeman, QUADRANT, 1/78? – Also in: The Tyranny of Politics, QUADRANT, 6/78. – WELFARE STATE. – Was it ever quite reduced to a mere night-watchman or nanny? – JZ, 4.7.08. – Often mad men are in charge of country-wide mad-houses filled largely with normal people. – Territorialism, obviously, cannot prevent that. Panarchism would have a very good chance to achieve it. – Its statists would become something like voluntary zoo exhibits and their example would not inspire many people to join them. - JZ, 13.4.09.
STATE: In this regard Bourne was spiritual heir to the founders of the American peace movement – stalwart souls such as Adin Ballou, Henry C. Wright, and Henry David Thoreau – who early in the nation’s history discovered that war is to the state was oxygen is to fire. “The State is the organization of the herd to act offensively or defensively against another herd similarly organized,” Bourne candidly observed. Representative of all the latent hostility, coercion, and autocratic feelings which rumble through the bowels of any social group (*), the state serves as an outlet for these destructive, antisocial forces, permitting men in wartime to express all the animal instincts which are ordinarily denied them. Acting under the rationale of self-defense, the citizens of the state achieve a social unity and sense of purpose which parallels that of the wolf who runs and fights with the pack for its food.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.563 on Randoph Bourne. – And when it runs short of volunteers then there are always conscription, propaganda and “drill” as well as “military justice”. – JZ, 4.7.08. - (*) Especially a territorially “unified” one! – JZ, 4.7.08 - HERD INSTINCT, WAR, AGGRESSION, HOSTILITY, TERRITORIALISM, UNITY, PURPOSE
STATE: In trying freedom, in abolishing the State, we have nothing to lose and everything to gain.” - Murray N. Rothbard, REASON, 3/73. Also in For A New Liberty, p.247, revised edition, p.137, Collier Books, 1978, ISBN 0-02-074690-3. – But we should leave the remnant of the State, after removing its territorial monopoly, to statist volunteers, to do their statist things for or to themselves, exterritorially. Since statists presently do form the majority and since they cannot be easily enough enlightened by mere words, arguments and ideas, this seems to be the wisest thing that can be done. When they alone have to suffer under their systems, then they will become as fast enlightened as they can be, individually. – By attempting to abolish all States, not only their territorial privileges, i.e., by not tolerating statism for statist volunteers, under full exterritorial autonomy, we turn the majority of the people, still statists, into our enemies and thereby we have much to lose and nothing to gain - JZ, 5.7.08. – It should be left, in its non-territorial and thus non-monopolistic and non-coercive form, for those statists who are still foolish enough to want it for themselves – at their own risk and expense. – Why confront an army - of fools like that - head-on? Let them do their own things – for and to themselves. There were many converts even from former totalitarian communism. – But it took time and experience for most of them, especially, since under territorialism they could always find “scapegoats” for their own errors and mistakes. They could hardly blame non-members, who are just doing their own things peacefully among themselves. – JZ, 16.9.08, 9.3.11, 6.8.12. – Most of the writings of Rothbard may already be offered free online by the MISES INSTITUTE, or at least in print. - PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, STATES FOR STATISTS, FREE SOCIETIES FOR ALL KINDS OF FREEDOM LOVERS, FREEDOM TO BE UNFREE – BY INDIVIDUAL CHOICE. – ABOLISH THE STATE? NO! ONLY ITS TERRITORIALISM!
STATE: Incapacitation of human beings, who are prevented from taking care of their own interests.” - Uwe Timm, Gesammelte Schriften, S.213. - & POLITICS
STATE: Indeed, it is not too much to say that the normal relations of States is war.” - Randolph Bourne, quoted in: Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.565. - Even the Welfare States spend often more or almost as much on military preparations for the next war and in paying off debts of the last ones, than they are spending on what they call "welfare". - JZ, 9.3.11, 6.8.12. – WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: indeed, what is the State anyway but organized banditry? What is taxation but theft on a gigantic, unchecked, scale? What is war but mass murder on a scale impossible by private police forces? What is conscription but mass enslavement? Can anyone envision a private police force getting away with a tiny fraction of what States get away with, and do habitually, year after year, century after century?” - Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, revised edition, p.136, Collier Books, 1978, ISBN 0-02-074690-3. - WAR, CONSCRIPTION, POLICE, TAXATION
STATE: insofar as people are of the opinion that nothing is more undesirable than the State’s extinction – e.g. its being conquered or destroyed by some other State – they must share the view that it is desirable to “defend” their state by WHATEVER MEANS ARE NECESSARY. That is, they are of the opinion that there are no means of destruction and annihilation – neither napalm, nor chemical poisons, nor nuclear devastation, nor bacteriological extermination – their use of which “for purposes of defence” could be more undesirable than the State’s extinction.” - George A. Lear, Jr., POLIS, Fall 66. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, NWT
STATE: Is a state less guilty than an individual?” – Morris West, Proteus, p.309. – It is certainly much harder to hold a territorial State and its leaders responsible for their actions than a mere individual subject of such a State. – JZ, 2.7.08. – Q.
STATE: It becomes obvious as we proceed that the most pugnacious and intolerant form of authority is the State, which even today dares to assume an absolutism which the Church itself has long ago surrendered and to enforce obedience with the techniques of the Church’s old and shameful Inquisition. Every form of authoritarianism is, however, a small ‘State’, even if it has a membership of only two.” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.240. – INTOLERANCE, AUTHORITARIANISM
STATE: it brought forth public works, wars, conquests, enslavements, tyrannies, corruptions, decline and fall. …” - Poul Anderson, The Avatar, p.111. - I would insert behind "public works": monopolies and mismanagement. - JZ, 8.2.02. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, COMPULSORY MEMBERSHIP OR SUBJUGATION
STATE: It had become necessary to turn back the current of the development of politics, to bind and limit and confine the State, which it was the pride of the moderns to exalt.” - Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History, p.290/91. – Leaving it with any exclusive territorial powers was, obviously, not binding, limiting and confining it enough, even if it was otherwise, to some extent, a limited government. – JZ, 2.7.08. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, LIMITED GOVERNMENT
STATE: It happens then, that in a state dominated world, war is peace, ignorance is knowledge and slavery is freedom; but, since ancient times, it is clear inside our mind and our heart, what is peace, what is knowledge and what is freedom.” - Gian Pietro de Bellis, in his, 2002 book manuscript on Polyarchy. - WAR, PEACE, FREEDOM SLAVERY, KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES
STATE: It is in the interest of the wage-earner to have many other alternatives open to him than service under one all-powerful employer called the State.” – Sir Winston S. Churchill, Party Conference Speech, 1946. – Sovereign individuals, as workers and consumers should be free to work with and seek consumer goods and services from other societies and communities, producers and distributors, as well as all kinds of service providers other than those licenced by the territorial States. They are entitled to free choice among all the exterritorially autonomous goods and service providers as well and to try to establish such alternatives for themselves. States should become reduced to their volunteers and to exterritorial autonomy, as merely freely competing institutions on a generally freed market, where nobody would have any territorial privileges or monopolies. - JZ, 9.11, 6.8.12. - STATE SOCIALISM, STATE CAPITALISM, EMPLOYMENT, COMMUNISM, WORKERS, EMPLOYEES, COMPETITION BETWEEN EMPLOYERS
STATE: it is merely a machine for producing the grievances on which politicians thrive.” – THE SCOTSMAN, on the British State, when discussing its criticism by the IEA (Institute for Economic Affairs). - TERRITORIALISM IS THE PROBLEM, NOT THE SOLUTION. POLITICIANS & BUREAUCRATS PRODUCE PROBLEMS NOT SOLUTIONS. REPRESENTATIVES OF TERRITORIAL STATES DO NOT SUFFICIENTLY REPRESENT.
STATE: It is not a question of whether the anarchist ideal is possible but whether the State ideal can be realized, has ever been realized and will ever be realized. At best this could only be done for some people and a limited time, when it is altogether confined to voluntary subjects and exterritorial autonomy only. But territorial States have never confined themselves in this way and have always suppressed, as much as they could, the exterritorialist and personal law alternatives. – JZ, 11.6.91, 1.7.08. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUALISM, VOLUNTARY & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM
STATE: it is only a combination of numerous persons in a certain area claiming to dictate to others in the same area what they shall do, and what they shall not do.” – Wordsworth Donisthorpe, Law in a Free State, p.100. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: It is only the State that enables men to commit atrocities (*). Just think of the wars, the gas chambers, napalm, hydrogen bombs and the arms race. Free citizens would not be able to engage in such activities. The State permits the escape into anonymity and permits the escape from self-responsibility.“ – (“Erst der Staat befaehigte den Menschen zu Grausamkeiten – denken wir nur an die Kriege, Gaskammern, Napalm, Wasserstoffbomben und den Ruestungswettlauf, - wozu er als “freier Buerger” nie faehig gewesen waere. Der Staat bietet die Flucht in die Anonymitaet, ermoeglicht die Aufgabe der Selbstverantwortung.“) – LERNZIEL ANARCHIE Nr. 3. - (*) On a very large scale. But e.g. the sexual mutilation of women in Africa and child marriages in India etc., and the suppression of the rights of women are often more a matter of tribal customs or local religions or wrongful attitudes in mals than of State laws. The remaining enslavement of women for purposes of prostitution is usually also rather a private than a governmental crime. – The territorial State is the largest criminal with victims but certainly not the only one. - JZ, 5.7.08, 6.8.12. – CRIME, ATROCITIES, MASS MURDER
STATE: It is opposed to the State, believing that freedom cannot be achieved through the State, but only FROM the State.” – Peter Marshall, on Anarchism, in: “Demanding the Impossible”, p.640. – He describes this view of liberation to Guido Ruggiero, The History of European Liberalism, translated by R. G. Collinwood, Boston, Beacon Press, 1959, p.350. – The term FROM is a bit ambiguous here. Meant was, probably, “freedom from State interventionism”. – JZ, 4.6.08. - ANARCHISM, FREEDOM, INTERVENTIONISM, LAISSEZ FAIRE, LIBERATION, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: it is surely grotesque to entrust the function of guardian of the public morality to the most extensive criminal (and hence the most immoral) group in society – the State.” - – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.187. – Is the State part of society or, rather, a well-organized protection racket that coercively stands over and controls the general society and its numerous sub-societies? – JZ, 1.7.08, 6.8.12. – Q., DIS.
STATE: It is this partnership in predation that characterizes the State. Without the support of privileged groups the State would collapse. Without the State the privileged groups would disappear.” – Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.148. - TERRITORIALISM, PRIVILEGES, MONOPOLIES, VESTED INTERESTS, SUBSIDIES
STATE: It is unfortunately none too well understood that, just as the State has no money of its own, so it has no power of its own.” - Albert J. Nock - But with thus stolen money it can buy professional soldiers and policemen and with them it can go on levying its tributes upon its subjects. - JZ, 21.11. 06. - For a while it can also pay its public servant or mercenary or military or police enforces through the inflation tax. That can only be ended through the final collapse of that inflation or a successful tax strike combined with a monetary and financial revolution. - JZ, 9.3.11, 6.8.12. - & POWER
STATE: It is, in short, implicitly assumed that the State is doing its self-assumed job of protecting person and property to perfection. We cannot here go into the reasons why the State is bound to suffer inherently from grave flaws and inefficiencies in such a task. All we need do now is to point to the black and unprecedented record of the State through history: no combination of private marauders can possibly begin to match the State’s unremitting record of theft, confiscation, oppression, and mass murder. No collection of Mafia or private bank robbers can begin to compare with the Hiroshimas, Dresdens, and Lidices and their analogs through the history of mankind.” - Murray N. Rothbard, Society Without A State, THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, Jan. 75. - CRIME, MASS MURDERS, NWT, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATE, TOTALITARIANISM, OFFICIAL TERRORISM, AIR RAIDS
STATE: It must be the task of the revolution to finish with the State.” – Noam Chomsky, Notes on Anarchism. – The territorial State will only be finished when each individual becomes free to make his own peaceful revolution for himself. – JZ, 5.7.08. - Individuals and minorities must become free to secede from it, exterritorially, and to freely compete with it under their own personal law and institutions. - JZ, 9.3.11. – DIS., TERRITORIALISM
STATE: It was, again, John C. Calhoun who saw with crystal clarity that, no matter how small the power of government, no matter how low the tax burden or how equal its distribution, the very nature of government creates two unequal and inherently conflicting classes in society: those who, on net, pay the taxes (the “tax-payers”), and those who, on net, live off taxes (the “tax-consumer”).” – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty: The State as Aggressor. - But what if it is a community of like-minded volunteers only, each free to secede? Then, I hold, their contributions, membership fees or taxes paid to their community must be considered as voluntary taxes or voluntary contributions. – JZ, 3.10.07. - We should not forget about the territorial or feudalist lawmakers and their territorial serfs. - JZ, 9.3.11. - AS A CLASS SOCIETY, OF TAX PAYERS & TAX CONSUMERS, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, LAW MAKERS & SUBJECTS TO LAWS, Q.
STATE: just a matter of enlightened decision whether to have one or not.” – Opinion opposed by Ron Heiner, in REASON, March 72. – If only each adult individual were quite free to make this decision for himself or herself! – JZ, 5.7.08. – Or to have only a voluntary or competing State, society or community, one of his own free choice. - JZ, 9.3.11. - PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM.
STATE: Laski, in effect, reversed the famous dictum of Nettleship that ‘will not force is the basis of the state.’ – The thing which characterizes the state is its possession of power and this gives it no inherent right to be obeyed in all matters.” - David Nicholls, editor, The Pluralist State, p.45/46. – FORCE, POWER, RIGHT, USURPATION, TERRITORIALISM, WILL
STATE: Lawrence was instinctively opposed to the institutions of modern life which level compulsion against people in the attempt to subdue their individuality.” - James Dale Davidson, in INDIVIDUALIST, 6/72, on D. H. Lawrence. – INDIVIDUALISM, COMPULSION, LEVELLING, LAWS, UNIFORMITY, REGULATIONS
STATE: learn to see the state as a response, though a faulty one, to very real emotional, cultural and group-dynamic needs.” – George Morrow, INDIVIDUAL LIBERTY, 4/78. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, MONOPOLISM, COERCION, COMPULSION
STATE: Let those, who love any particular State system (except a territorial monopoly one) engage in a plural marriage with it, as long as their love lasts or as they can and want to put up with it, but allow all others to “divorce” themselves from it, unilaterally, and to engage, freely, in other alliances and dalliances, until, finally, they do, perhaps, lose their illusions about them, too. – Hopefully, some ideal and ever further improving societies and communities of volunteers will remain. - JZ, 3.8.91, 2.7.08, 9.3.11, 9.3.11. – INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, STATISM
STATE: let us ask whether the State itself, as at present constituted, is not one large school for crime? Its foundation, its force, its argument is force, its practice is force. No diviner principle does it recognize. It will obtain all the power, all the wealth, all the territory, commerce and control it possibly can. It does nothing by love, by moral suasion, by unbought attraction. …” - Charles Lane, Letter II, of March 7, 1843, in Carl Watner edition, p.62. – CRIME, FORCE, POWER, WEALTH, TERRITORIALISM, ECONOMIC CONTROLS
STATE: Let us determine that we shall not allow the state to be our master, but that we shall be the masters of the state. (*) The long road of history is lined with the ruins of those states, which bought the souls and wills of their peoples by the lure of a granted security, and then led them to ruin by the same mirage. The world does not need one more such ruin. It needs a people who will be really secure and enduring, as far as mortal life is possible – secure and enduring because each member of the society is a person who accepts his and (**) her responsibilities as duties, and asks only that the state act to keep the avenues of freedom open.” (***) Russell J. Clinchy, quoted in “Ideas on Freedom”, in THE FREEMAN – The territorial State is so constructed that it does not allow all individuals to master it. Various communities of volunteers, all confined to personal laws and exterritorial autonomy only, would be quite another matter. Such volunteers would be the masters of their own communities. They could change them, keep them or leave them, just like any other competing private associations for any other purpose. They could pick and choose between thousands of different “panarchies” like they can pick and choose now between thousands of different sports, hobbies, arts, collectors or hobbies and crafts and their teams and associations. - - (*) Why should we keep such an expensive monstrosity as a pet? – (**) or! – (***) What made him believe that the territorial States is able and willing to function in this way? – JZ, 2.7.08. - PANARCHISM
STATE: Let us have private States, communities and societies, all with voluntary membership and exterritorial autonomy only. – JZ, n.d. & 1.7.08. – VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, PRIVACY
STATE: Let us note, in the first place, the tendency in the modern state for men to become the mere subjects of administration.“ - H. J. Laski, The Pluralist State, in: David Nicholls, editor, The Pluralist State, p.150. – Instead, let all systems, organizations, methods and rules come under the choice of individuals and under full consumer sovereignty and fully free enterprise option in the provision of all wanted services offered on a free market. – JZ, 10.4.09, 6.8.12. – INVOLUNTARY SUBJECTS OF TERRITORIAL FEUDALISM, SERFS RATHER THAN CITIZENS OR PANARCHISM, WITH XYZ PANARCHIES, ALL BASED ON FREE ENTERPRISE & FREE CHOICE?
STATE: Liberation of Society from the State”, by Erich Muehsam, Nachwort Hansjoerg Viesel, 112 S., ISBN 3-87956-021-8. - “For Erich Muehsam the main aim of the [libertarian] socialist movement consists in dissolving the so far existing opposites, State and Society and this by destroying the State as an institution establishing different classes. Among other things he writes: “Without a doubt: once society exists then there is no more room for the State.” – (“Befreiung der Gesellschaft vom Staat“. - Fuer Erich Muehsam ist das Hauptziel der sozialistischen Bewegung, den bisherigen Gegensatz – Staat – Gesellschaft – dahingehend zu loesen, dass der Staat als klassentrennendes Gebilde zerschlagen wird. Er schreibt u.a.: „Es ist in aller Eindeutigkeit so, dass wo Gesellschaft besteht, fuer den Staat kein Raum ist.“) - It is at least conceivable that different classes may exist not only in the same territories but also in the same society of volunteers. Naturally, classless societies and communities should also be an option. But for the submissives there should also be Popes, Bishops, Generals, Captains, Presidents and Bureaucrats, Aristocrats, Gurus and Prophets etc., as long as they wish to put up with them. I see nothing wrong with monarchies and even dictatorships - for their voluntary adherents or victims but hope that they will make better choices in the future or that their descendants will. - Only enforced privileges are wrong. Famous singers and actors have also their fans and followers. - JZ, 9.3.11, 6.8.12.
STATE: libertarians regard the State as the supreme, the eternal, the best organized aggressor against the persons and property of the mass of the public.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.48. - It has also its inherent flaws and weaknesses, not yet clearly seen and tackled as such. - It was never as yet confronted by quite free and enlightened societies, which would be well prepared for clashes with territorial rogue governments trying to conquer and subdue any free or somewhat free societies. - JZ, 9.3.11, 6.8.12. - TERRITORIALISM, LIBERATION, DEFENCE, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION, RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS
STATE: Lift the curtain and ‘the State’ reveals itself as a little group of fallible men in Whitehall, making guesses about the future, influenced by political prejudice and partisan prejudices, and working on projections drawn from the past by a staff of economists.” – Enoch Powell. – Are most of those advising governments on economics real economists or mainly statist true believers? – We should certainly not underestimate the wrongs and damages that such people do and can cause, especially when they collaborate with numerous special interest groups to keep themselves in power. - JZ, 5.4.89, 1.7.08. - TERRITORIALISM, POWER, ECONOMISTS, GOVERNMENT, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS PREMIERS & OTHER POLITICIANS & “REPRESENTATIVES"
STATE: Limit or even totally abolish territorial States rather than any peaceful, creative and productive activity of individuals and minorities that is quite tolerantly carried out by volunteers only. – JZ, 14.1.00, 11.6.08. – Even the “limited government” ideal should only be realized exterritorially for its own adherents. – JZ, 11.6.08. - PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM & LIMITED GOVERNMENTS.
STATE: Locke’s fear that the state would become the source rather than the remedy for victimization.” – Butler D. Shaffer, Violence as a Product of Imposed Order, p.9/10. – Territorialism is the essence of imposed “order”. Without individuals being free to choose the governmental or non-governmental society that they want to belong to, statism will remain an imposed rather than a natural order. – JZ, 28.6.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, ORDER
STATE: Logically, denuded of needless trappings, the state consists of collective force – the majority or currently most powerful individuals produce a cohesive force in a given territorial unit within which they limit the alternatives available to other men.” – Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/73. – A forced territorial association does not produce a “cohesive force”. How incomplete and weak this cohesion and seeming unity is would become revealed as soon as secessions for individuals and minorities are unrestricted and alternative societies and communities may be freely established in the same territory as well as in any other territory of the world, always only under personal laws and exterritorial autonomy, thus reducing all present States to mere associations of their remaining voluntary members, also no longer confined to their former borders, but restricted to exterritorial autonomy, for then they could no longer rule either those, who had seceded from them, nor those, who had never joined them. Their legal status would, on the one hand, be reduced to that of country-wide or world-wide competing churches or sects, but, on the other hand, become extended to full exterritorial autonomy, as far as all the affairs of their voluntary members are concerned. They and their secessionist competitors might then also be compared to national and international corporations that are freely competing with each other, without any one of them possessing any legalized monopoly or privilege granted by any territorial State. They would be powerless over the affairs of outsiders and, regarding their own affairs only as powerful or as powerless as their own voluntary members want them to be. They would also resemble freely competing chains of supermarkets and share companies, all under free enterprise, competing in a free market for voluntary customers, subscribers and share holders, investors and clients. Their business would no longer be power but service. – JZ, 10.4.09. Compulsory taxes, to name just one obvious example, are certainly not beloved burdens for the tax payers. How many of these burdens will remain once individual taxpayers can freely choose between societies and communities all with voluntary contributions or taxes? - JZ, 9.3.11. – PANARCHISM, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION & DISASSOCIATION, Q., SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, UNRESTRICTED COMPETITION, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY UNDER PERSONAL LAW, SOME COMPARISONS
STATE: Looking at the State historically, they regard it as the instrument for establishing monopolies in favor of the ruling minorities.” – “Anarchism” in: “People, Places and Things: Ideas.” – By? - TERRITORIALISM, POWER
STATE: Lord Acton was keen that the freedom of groups should be maintained and increased. He told Simpson that what was most needed for a theory of liberty was a right notion of corporations, and their place in society. The modern theory, he lamented, condemned all groups beside the state as subversive, and recognizes only an atomic freedom for the individual. In his essay on ‘Nationality’, Acton argued that many national groups within a state would check the tendency to absolutism. F. W. Maitland pointed in horror to France where, “we may see the pulverizing, macadamizing tendency in all its glory, working from century to century, reducing to impotence, and then to nullify, all that intervenes between Man and State.” – David Nicholls, editor, in his essay Three Varieties of Pluralism, in The Pluralist State, p.31, referring to F. W. Maitland, Moral Personality and Legal Personality, in Collected Papers.” - PANARCHISM, PLURALISM, DECENTRALIZATION, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM & POWER OVER DISSENTERS
STATE: LYSANDER SPOONER, the least popularly known libertarian thinker, developed the first consistent individualist-anarchist analysis of society in the middle of the 19th Century. Spooner found the state getting in his way wherever he turned. His desire to become a lawyer was thwarted by a statute requiring three years of college, until he successfully mustered enough support for its repeal. Later, when he began a company to compete with the U.S. Postal Department, providing better service for a fraction of the price, the Congress passed the “Spooner Act”, outlawing private competition in mail service. This law he was not able to repeal. Spooner eventually found his best weapon against the state to be pamphleteering. He attacked slavery, the validity of the Constitution for those who had not signed it, laws giving the government the right to make an declare legal tender, and the institution of majority rule. …” - Libertarian Handbook 1973. – Alas, we still do not know how many of his unpublished manuscripts were burnt with Tucker’s library. It seems that no copies were made of them. – Are at least their titles preserved in some correspondence? – JZ, 5.7.08.
STATE: Man … It is a machine he hasn’t been able to repair, neither has he mustered the necessary courage to destroy it however. Hence, although defunct and regarded with suspicion, it is always in the way, nullifying each and every constructive move man tries to make.” - Kevork Ajemian, The Fallacy of Modern Politics, Books International, PO Box 6096, McLean, Virginia 22106, 1986, Tel. (703) 821-8900, p.193. – As soon as he is free to secede from it he is also free of vain and costly attempts to repair it, change it, make it quite satisfactory to all of its involuntary subjects. – JZ, 5.4.09. – PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & VOLUNTARISM OR EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM VS. THE TERRITORIAL, COERCIVE, MONOPOLISTIC & COLLECTIVIST STATE
STATE: Man has allowed the territorial State to come between himself and his tries for success as a citizen and as a human being. – JZ, 25.7.91. – TERRITORIALISM, SUCCESS, CITIZENSHIP, MAN, HUMAN BEINGS
STATE: Man lives and prospers as a free and social animal and suffers or dies as a domesticated animal owned, exploited and misled by the few feudal lords in charge of territorial warfare States. – Haven’t there been enough human blood sacrifices already on the battlefields of territorial nation States, all pretending to be really unified and representative and to act in the common interest? - JZ, 9.2.95, 28.5.08. – Even in the case of the Nazi regime such propaganda lies were believed by the Allies against it and this led to the mass murderous bombing of civilians in German cities. – JZ 10.4.09. - MAN, SUBJECTS, SERFS, TERRITORIALISM, FEUDALISM, FREELY COMPETING SOCIETIES, PANARCHISM, AIR RAIDS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY
STATE: Man precedes the State, and possesses, prior to the formation of any State, the right of providing for the sustenance of his body.” – Pope Leo XIII. – Quoted by Leonard E. Read, in “Who Is Listening?” p.76. –Neither that right nor any other was abolished by the establishment of territorial States. They were merely suppressed. - JZ, 9.3.11. - INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS
STATE: Marx himself, on the other hand, flatly said that so long as the state exists there is no liberty, and when there is liberty there will be no need for a state.” – Karl Hess, Dear America, p.167. – However, Marx also demanded the “dictatorship of the proletariat” which, in practice, amounted to a dictatorship of a single party and its current political mis-leader - also over the proletariat. Their propaganda pretences were so in conflict with their “policies” that they produced mass murder devices. How could they possibly have “liberated” the proletarians of the world with these “weapons”? And the leading idiots of the Western powers, while pointing out that the Soviet regime was a dictatorship, nevertheless managed to threaten its victims, the suppressed Russian people and over a hundred suppressed other ethnic groups or captive nations with their Western nuclear “weapons”, rather than threatening only the despotic leaders of that regime with weapons that are suitable for this purpose. Based on such contradictions, both threatened the world with a general nuclear holocaust - for decades – and they have still not repented and destroyed these “weapons”, even unilaterally. How much sense can one expect from such rulers, governments and leaders, and their military “experts”, even when they are “democratic”, "republican" or classical or modern liberal ones? The statist managed to overlook the mass murderous tendencies of their beloved States, all to many of them mere Warfare States, and “great” leaders and their territorial power systems. – JZ, 10.4.09, 9.3.11, 6.8.12. – STATISM, MASS MURDERS & MASS MURDER PREPARATIONS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, “WEAPONS” AGAINST WHOLE POPULATIONS! TERRITORIALISM, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, TYRANNICIDE, LEADERSHIP, MARX
STATE: medieval thought is today fighting hard for the cause of law against the amoral, irresponsible State … Instead of the medieval domination based upon Divine Right and subject to law (*), we have the modern State based upon force and independent of morality.” – Plucknett, A Concise History of Common Law (Butterworth, 4th ed., 1948), pp. 40-41, quoted in: Jacques Maritain, Man & The State, ed. by Richard O’Sullivan, London, Hollis & Carter, 1954, p.51. - - (*) natural Law, natural rights, individual human rights and liberties should rather be our guides than mere “law” or “positive legislation”, with their all too many remaining authoritarian characteristics. –Medieval thoughts on law and natural law, morality and ethics, are not good enough for our times. - JZ, 9.3.11, 6.8.12. - Genuine individual rights and liberties have still to become optimally formulated, declare and protected, to the extent that people are already enlightened enough to claim them for themselves. - JZ, 9.3.11. - HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION, MILITIA, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, IRRESPONSIBILITY, IMMORALITY & FORCE VS. NATURAL LAW, NATURAL RIGHTS
STATE: men always need some idiotic fiction in the name of which they can face one another. Once it was religion. Now it is the State.” – Albert Einstein. – For Einstein it was his hypotheses on time, space and speed. – JZ, 2.7.08, 9.3.11.
STATE: Men had hearts; Russians, Americans, Chileans, Chinese, they all had hearts; but States, Nations, Juntas, they had none. They were idols with hollow bellies, filed with the charred bones of children. … This was statecraft. This was politics. This was the power-game pushed to its ultimate, obscene absurdity.” - Morris West, Proteus, p.312. – POLITICS, TERRITORIALISM, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, POWER GAMES
STATE: Mills objects to state action because the state tends to “make man an instrument to service its arbitrary ends, overlooking his individual purposes.” – Noam Chomsky, Notes on Anarchism, ANARCHY 116, Oct. 70. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM
STATE: Most man-made problems are caused, perpetuated or even worsened by territorial States. – JZ, 10.3.99, 27.5.08. – PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS, REFORMS, LAWS, GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS & MEASURES
STATE: Most of the States were established not to protect human rights but to establish for the rulers a territory in which they can suppress human rights quite undisturbed.” – Ulrich von Beckerath, September 1957. (Die meisten Staatsgründungen erfolgten nicht, um die Menschenrechte zu verteidigen, sondern um sich ein Gebiet zu schaffen, wo man sie ungestoert verletzen kann.) - & HUMAN RIGHTS, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Most States are corrupt and rotten – from the top down. – JZ, 26.3.04. – With as many bad examples set by our leaders, no wonder that the rate of private crimes with victims is also high. – JZ, 26.20.07. – TERRITORIALISM, LAWS, STATISM, TAXATION, INFLATION
STATE: Motto of the State: Let us prey …” - “Venn”, pseudonym, in THE CONNECTION 156, 27.1.89. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, MAJORITIES, ELECTIONS, VOTING
STATE: much of what passes for truth in the modern State is just what Lawrence said it was: ‘popular lies’.” - James Dale - Davidson, in INDIVIDUALIST, 6/72, on D. H. Lawrence. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, PREJUDICES
STATE: Much too criminal – the whole organization.” – Siegfried Schwenke, 3.12.86. – (“Viel zu kriminell, der ganze Verein.”) – STATISM, CRIMINALITY
STATE: My “state” - “A marketguard which can prevent other marketguards from openly challenging it within a certain area and/or under given conditions.” – Philip E. Jacobson, THE CONNECTION 115, p. 80. – Thus it could be merely another territorial State, dominating a certain territory. But only defensive powers against aggressions and attacks are required, if such defensive actions are becoming necessary at all and aggressions and attacks cannot be almost completely avoided, precisely by no longer claiming a territorial monopoly and letting all dissenters do their own things for or to themselves. Not so much a military defensive superiority is required but a superior organization form, one that avoids making enemies and would also turn former enemies into allies or neutrals, rather than keep up ancient animosities. Not military strength would then be decisive but political, economic and social strength, all based upon voluntary support and exterritorial autonomy tolerance for all other political, economic and social systems that are tolerant, i.e. not invasive, aggressive or criminal against non-members, however authoritarian they may still be towards their own voluntary members. At least here P. E. J. still thought too much in terms of military strength rather than the strengths of numerous independent communities and societies all quite free to do their own things – and thus and therefore tolerant towards other societies and communities doing their own things. – JZ, 13.8.87, 1.7.08, 6.8.12. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM
STATE: Myself, I think the problem with government is that it's every bit as efficient, kind, gentle, and well-run as your typical big business.” - Randolph Fritz (firstname.lastname@example.org). – Businesses, unless granted special licences, privileges and subsidies, are exterritorially competitive. They have voluntary employees, customers and investors. One can secede from them or ignore them altogether. That greatly distinguishes them from territorial States. Apart from governmental institutions and powers, that presently permit them to influence territorial legislation in their favor, through, their lobbies or special interest groups, they do not possess the power to pass territorial laws for the whole population. With the removal of territorial monopolism for States the privileges legally granted to private corporations, e.g. copyrights, patents and licences, would also disappear and a genuine free enterprise society and capitalism – or whatever other “ideals” volunteers subscribe to, would remain. – JZ, 5.4.09. However, the hierarchies in large corporations manage to establish and maintain many unearned privileges and rewards for their top men, against which small share-holders have no effective defence. At most they can sell their shares, already much depreciated by mismanagement. – Genuine self-management has to become much further developed in them, too, including e.g. autonomous work groups, internal contracting and decentralization, separate profit-and loss accounting of separate branches and much more decentralized decision-making. - JZ, 13.4.09. - Full monetary and financial freedom is also denied to them. They have to put up with monetary and financial despotism until they, too, participate in a monetary and financial freedom revolution, from which most of them could benefit much more than from the legalized privileges they are now granted by territorial governments. - JZ, 10.3.11, 6.8.12. - ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY & PANARCHISM, COMPETITION, FREE MARKETS, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE TRADE, FREE CHOICE, FREE EXPERIMENTATION, FREE COMPETITION, VOLUNTARISM, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, FREE CONTRACTS, IN EVERY SPHERE, AGAINST TERRITORIAL POLITICS, LEGALLY PRIVILEGED CORPORATIONS, BIG GOVERNMENT, BIG BUSINESS, DIS.
STATE: Nearly all the economic unrest and human misery today is traceable to more than a hundred sovereign states scattered over the earth.” – Aslam Effendi, REASON, 2/73. Their current number is, I believe, already far beyond 200. - Maybe, once panarchism has settled down, there will be less different panarchies than we have presently in territorial States. Many of them may have become cosmopolitan, with members in every country of the world. – Who know or can know? We are speaking about freedom, about individual free choices. – JZ, 13.4.09, 10.3.11. - PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM
STATE: nearly everything the State does is against my values.” – H. G. Mark Kernes, NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY 56, Jan. 9, 77.
STATE: Neither freedom nor security or peace, justice, prosperity and progress can be achieved through the Leviathan. – JZ, 16.3.72, 1.7.08.
STATE: No government at all! No Church at all! No State at all!” – Michael Bakunin, The Political Theology of Mazzini, fragment, 1871. – All only for their volunteers! – JZ, 13.4.09. – PANARCHISM, DIS., ANARCHISM
STATE: No matter what its justification may be – divine right or popular mandate – the State is nothing more than a powerful minority ruling and therefore oppressing the powerless majority.” - Paul Berman, in the introduction to his: Quotations from the Anarchists, p.16. – And oppressing and exploiting also other minorities! – JZ, 4.7.08. – MINORITIES, MAJORITIES, DIS., TERRITORIALISM
STATE: No person shall be compelled to frequent or maintain any religious institution.” – Thomas Jefferson, Proposed Constitution for Virginia, June 1776. – Seeing the State as the territorial institutionalization of the statist faith, why then should we be compelled to remain subjected to it and to finance its upkeep? – JZ, 12.7.86. – Q.
STATE: No state – not even the reddest political republic – can give the people what they most need – that is freedom. Every state, including your socialist state, my dear Marx, is based on force.” – Bakunin, in Maurice Cranston, Political Dialogues, p.129, - artificially constructed “dialogues”. – JZ. - TERRITORIALISM, FORCE, COERCION, COMPULSION
STATE: no state has the right to issue weapons or reclaim them – no, nor any rights at all, even to exist.” – L. Neil Smith, Tom Paine Maru, p.85. - GUN CONTROL LAWS, VICTIM DISARMAMENT
STATE: No State, no war.“ – Siegfried Schwenke, an Dr. Stefan Matzenberger, 27.1.84. (“Kein Staat – kein Krieg.”) – WAR, PEACE, WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM
STATE: Not only do we believe that the State should not exist, but that it cannot exist in any sane society.” – Mike Gunderloy, NEW LIBERTARIAN STRATEGY, No. 5, 9/80. Any State or society should be confined to exterritorial autonomy for its own volunteers. Then they would be under the free market competition of free enterprise and consumer sovereignty. - JZ, 10.3.11. – DIS., SOCIETY
STATE: Not only was the state an evil, it was not a necessary evil.” - D. W. Brogan, Proudhon, p.60.
STATE: Nothing could so completely divest us of that liberty as the establishment of the opinion, that the State has a perpetual right to the services of all its members.” – Jefferson – As long as its members are not free to secede from it , they should be called, more accurately, subjects. – JZ, 10.4.09. - STATISM, OBEDIENCE, SUBORDINATION, TERRITORIALISM, SUBJUGATION, SERVITUDE, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM
STATE: Now, I am under no illusion that state governments are, or ever would be, any sort of noble defenders of liberty. They’re just governments and all they want is whatever amount of power we people let them seize.” – Claire Wolfe, Don’t Shoot the Bastards (YET), 101 More Ways To Salvage Freedom, p.24. – FEDERAL, STATE & LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
STATE: Objectively, the territorial State is the master and not the servant of man – and it could not be a good servant, either.” – JZ, 4/72, 10.4.09. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WELFARE STATE OR WARFARE STATE?
STATE: Off the State – Start a Business.” – Jim Stumm, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, May 6th, 1971. – There were then ca. 10 millions of private businesses in the USA – and the States persisted. One can start or join a private business but one still remains a tax slave and subject to its laws and regulations, controls and interferences. – The separation from it must be much more thorough and fundamental: From territorial subjugation to exterritorial autonomy! - JZ, 5.7.08. – And from monetary and financial despotism to monetary and financial freedom. From the all too limited, incomplete and flawed Bills of Rights of territorial governments to all the genuine individual rights and liberties which volunteers would choose for their free societies and communities, all of them without a territorial monopoly. - JZ, 10.3.11. - PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, DIS.
STATE: Omnipotent State? The more omnipotent the State or any ruling party or leader imagine themselves to be and act on this wrong assumption, the more impotent this will make them by their interventionism – until this becomes, finally, obvious, even to most of their formerly devoted followers and victims. – JZ, 4.9.89. – To believe otherwise, one would have to be able to point out some examples of the successful application of State power, apart from its ability to maintain itself in power. – JZ, 2.7.08. - Need I mention the helplessness of the territorial States towards the drug trade, towards the abolition of war, of terrorism, the prevention and overthrow of dictatorships, the ending and prevention of mass unemployment, inflation, trading difficulties, the huge tax and public debt burden and bureaucracy, which the territorial States have themselves caused? - JZ, 10.3.11. - OMNIPOTENCE OR IMPOTENCE, INTERVENTIONISM, PROTECTIONISM, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, POWERLESSNESS
STATE: On a worldwide basis, state-run wars and genocides kill an average of two million persons each year.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 85. - WARS & GENOCIDE, MASS MURDERS
STATE: On crime rates with or without government, I did some quick calculations. I stuck to murder, since that is the most accurately reported statistic (at least, in terms of the actual reporting process - if someone sees what looks like murder, it’s likely to get reported. Of course, if someone arranges an “accident”, that’s another story.) In the US there are 25 000 murders reported per year, out of a population of around 250 000 000. This is a rate of one per 10 000 people per year. The average world population through the 20th century has been about 2 billion. In the 80 years of that century, a conservative estimate of war deaths would be 100 million. This works out to 6,25 per 10.000 per year. I find it hard to believe that even with a rudimentary system of private guards the murder rate could not be kept from sextupling. The problem in establishing anarchy in an area is disposing of the state and keeping replacements from being formed. Freelance killing is, as Jim Stumm says, a transition problem that can be well controlled by such things as private guards, individual action, neighborhood groups etc. – An observation in LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION 87, 2.6.80. - Add to these ca. 100 million war deaths the over 200 million other State-caused murders over the 20th century, which Prof. Rudolf Rummel reports in detail on the Internet. – Was the average population in that period really only 2 billion people? - JZ, 4.7.08. - CRIME, MURDER, WAR, CIVIL WAR & POLITICAL MASS MURDERS, KILLINGS, PRIVATE & PUBLIC
STATE: On the matter of civil obedience, “the State is a jealous God and will brook no rivals.” All must bow down before it and stand ready to devote their lives to its objectives when national (*) survival dictates. Far from being the servant of the people, the state is more aptly described as their master …” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.564, on Randoph Bourne. - (*) State or government survival, wrongly equated with national or societal survival. – JZ, 5.7.08. – RIVALRY, COMPETITION, DIS.
STATE: On the whole, my Lord, if political society, in whatever form, has still made the many the property of the few; if it has introduced labours unnecessary, vices and diseases unknown, and pleasures incompatible with nature; if in all countries it abridges the lives of millions, and renders those of millions more abject and miserable, shall we still worship so destructive an idol, and daily sacrifice to it our health, our liberty, and our peace?” – Edmund Burke, A Vindication of Natural Society, p.74.
STATE: Once the people realize that they no longer need the state, it will, in the words of Frederick Engels, inevitably “wither away”. (Anti-Duehring, 1877.) – Ken Knudsen, THE VOLUNTARYIST, No. 6. - FRIEDRICH ENGELS,
STATE: one can create no community by forcibly chaining elements which are basically antagonistic. It is true that one can compel men to fulfill certain (*) duties if one has the necessary power, but one will never be able to induce them to perform the compulsory task with love and from inner desire, These are things no state can compel, be its power every so great – for these there is necessary above all the feeling of social union and of the innate relationship of man to man.” - Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.246. – (*) imposed - JZ - VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM
STATE: One might say … that inasmuch as the State is the product of a contract freely concluded by men, and since good is the product of the State, if follows that it is the product of liberty. This, however, would be an utterly wrong conclusion. The State, even according to this theory, is not the product of liberty, but on the contrary, the product of the voluntary negation and sacrifice of liberty.” – Michael Bakunin, Federalism, Socialism, and Anti-Theologism, 1867. - Not voluntary in many to most cases! - The territorial State leaves most people no alternative but to submit to its laws and institutions. - JZ, 10.3.11. - LIBERTY
STATE: One of the greatest evils of the territorial State is that it is custom-made for “great” leaders as well as for the masses of ignorant and prejudiced minor parasites. – JZ, 4.7.92, 2.7.08. – LEADERSHIP, RULERS, PRESIDENTS ETC., DEMOCRACY, POPULAR OPINION, ERRORS, MYTHS, PREJUDICES & WIDESPREAD IGNORANCE AS WELL AS APATHY OR STATISM
STATE: One sphere of life after the other was given into the hands of the state: the school, the economy, science the freedom to seek jobs for oneself, until finally the total State was there which confiscated now also the remnant, beliefs and convictions, leisure and family life and determined by itself what is true, good and right.” - Otto Dibelius, speech, 27.4.47. - TOTALITARIANISM, NAZI REGIME, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Only now can we appreciate the full correctness of Engel’s remarks in which he mercilessly ridiculed all the absurdity of combining the words ‘freedom’ and ‘state’. While the state exists there is no freedom; when there is freedom there will be no state.” – I. Lenin, The State and Revolution, 1917, International Publishers, p.79, - N.Y., 1932. – Quoted in V. Andrews Quotations, p.440, also in George Seldes, The Great Quotations. - And he made sure to get the State and all its powers into his hands, not freedom into the own hands of the State’s and his victims. – JZ, 29.6.08. – FREEDOM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Only territorial States keep us apart, with their borders, territorial monopolies, migration barriers, trade barriers, cut-throat “protectionism”, monetary despotism and tribute-based bureaucracies - and all too often drive us even into wars against each other - against our individual inclinations and intentions. – JZ, 29.3.94, 4.6.08, 6.8.12. - WAR, PEACE
STATE: Only the government obtains its income by coercion and violence – i.e., by the direct threat of confiscation or imprisonment if payment is not forthcoming.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty: The State as Aggressor. - & TAXATION
STATE: only the government, in society, is empowered to aggress against the property rights of its subjects, whether to extract revenue, to impose its moral code, or kill those with whom it disagrees. Furthermore, any and all governments, even the least despotic, have always obtained the bulk of their income from the coercive taxing power.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty: The State as Aggressor. - The territorial governments are not "in" society but, rather, gangs of bandits, crooks, confidence tricksters, power addicts and other scoundrels, who have cleverly managed to acquire and maintain territorial power over the general society and all sub-societies of volunteers, under all kinds of false pretences, corresponding to popular errors, myths and prejudices. - JZ, 10.3.11, 6.8.12. - GOVERNMENT & TAXATION, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, TERRITORIALISM, DIS.
STATE: Oppenheimer then proceeded to define the State as the “organization of the political means” – the systematization of the predatory process over a given territorial area.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty: The State as Aggressor. - (Franz Oppenheimer, The State, New York, Vanguard Press, 1926, pp.24-27 etc. - & TERRITORIALISM
STATE: oppose the State having any nasty toys to use on us.” – SEK 3, NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY 56, Jan. 9, 77. – Nuclear “weapons” are useless as weapons against an enemy regime and wrongful, absurd and self-defeating if directed against the victims of an enemy regime, namely its captive peoples or nations, its satellites, which are all, largely, our secret and, eventually, open and active allies against a despotic enemy regime. – JZ, 1.7.08, 6.8.12. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT.
STATE: Opposing this view are those philosophers of law who see in the monopolistic, retaliatory State a lawless organization which wins power by promising peace but which always sooner or later becomes the chief lawbreaker and war-monger. Worshipful reliance upon this political juggernaut, they warn, now threatens all mankind with enslavement and destruction.” – Orvall Watts, THE FREEMAN, 8/75, p. 479. – WAR, PEACE, LAW, MONOPOLISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Our government has kept us in a perpetual state of fear - kept us in a continuous stampede of patriotic fervor - with the cry of grave national emergency.” - General Douglas MacArthur - STATES OF FEAR, EMERGENCIES & GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Out of nearly two hundred, there are not, in this world, twenty nearly free countries. And you can’t be ‘nearly free’ just as woman cannot be ‘nearly pregnant’.” - Paul-Loup Sulitzer, The Green King, Grafton Books, 1985/85, p.535. -COUNTRIES, FREEDOM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Part III briefly sets forth my view of the State as the inherent enemy of liberty and, indeed, of genuine law.” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p. VII. – LIBERTY, LAW
STATE: Patterning his language after Stirner’s, Robinson declared the concept of the state to be similar to the “fixed idea” of the lunatic who lives a fool’s existence among vague shadows and non-existing terrors, which drive him hither and yon without intelligent plan or reason. Overcome with the passion of patriotism, the citizen of the modern nation state is ever ready to sacrifice his life and the lives of his loved ones to the mythical good which politicians foist upon him, never once realizing that the ideals which motivate him are pneumatic and without ethical substance.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.185/86. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, PATRIOTISM, SELF-SACRIFICE
STATE: Peace, justice, freedom, human rights, progress and prosperity are much more important than the preservation of outmoded and all too dangerous territorial State organizations. – JZ, 1975/76, 1.7.08, 10.3.11. – TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, PEACE, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, WARFARE STATE
STATE: People … are of the opinion that one would not be justified to attack the State. They do ignore that every State is by its very essence an organization for aggression against others, so that a preventive war against it would do it now wrong. The concepts of right and wrong are sensible only with regard to the human beings dominated by the State.” – Ulrich von Beckerath to Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen, 26.8.49. – JZ tr. of: “Die Menschen … meinen … einen Staat duerfe man doch nicht ohne weiteres angreifen. Die Leute verkennen, dass jeder Staat an und fuer sich eine Organisation zum Angriff auf andere ist, ihm daher durch Praeventivkrieg kein Unrecht geschieht. Die Begriffe Recht und Unrecht haben Sinn nur in bezug auf Menschen, die der Staat beherrscht.“ - AGGRESSION, PREVENTIVE WAR AGAINST THE AGGRESSOR STATE, WARFARE STATE, RIGHTS & WRONGS, TERRITORIAL STATES, AS OPPOSED TO COMPETING OR VOLUNTARY GOVERNMENTS
STATE: People must begin to realize that the real enemy is not other people, but the state – the violent and oppressive nature of government itself.” – Jerome Tuccille, Radical Libertarianism, p.67. – WARFARE STATE, ENEMIES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Plan for the obsolescence of the State. – JZ, 16.5.73, after reading a remark by Mathew Melko: “We may be able to apply techniques of planned obsolescence to major political institutions.” – PEACE RESEARCH, April 73. – Alas, so far we are not individually free to design and construct or to join up with or to secede from territorially imposed and legally upheld societies, communities and States, and to establish alternative societies and communities, all for voluntary members only, confined to personal laws and exterritorial autonomy and exposed to free competition from all other such organizations. Once this is the case, the remaining statist communities will shrink and become out-dated through their high costs, inefficiencies and lack of choice and consumer satisfaction. They will then make themselves obsolescent and superfluous, just like badly managed private enterprises. – JZ, 5.7.08, 6.8.12. – PANARCHISM, ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS, VOLUNTARISM, VS. STATISM & TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Political, social, cultural, racial, still sometimes religious groups, presently imposing their decisions on whole populations, could be rendered harmless by being deprived of three characteristics: 1. their territorial monopoly, 2. compulsory membership or subordination, 3. uniform laws for all in a territory. - The rights and interests of all the diverse peoples in a territory could be safeguarded, instead, by 1. full exterritorial autonomy for their societies, communities and governments, 2. voluntary membership and subordination only to any of these groups and 3. personal laws for all of them. The change-over from one system to the other would occur gradually, but also as fast as people want it to be, by individual and group secessionism and voluntary re-association on the basis of the above 3 principles. – JZ, n.d. & 3.7.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & COMPETITION
STATE: Politicians, bureaucrats, police and laws can’t produce freedom, justice, peace, security, progress and prosperity through territorial politics but, at best, only distortions of them and at worst only their opposites. – JZ, 13.5.92, 1.7.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETITION VS. TERRITORIALISM, ITS COERCION & MONOPOLY
STATE: Possibly the sharpest accusation ever raised against the State was made by the historian Henry Thomas Buckle in the first volume of his “History of Civilization in England” (vol. I, N.Y., 1857). He wrote that “no important political improvement, no great political reform, either concerning the legislation or the executive branch, did ever originate in any country from its rulers. – W. O. Reichert, Anarchism, Freedom and Power in Ethics, Bd. LXXIX, Jan. 69. – RULERS, LEADERSHIP, POWER, POLITICIANS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: power politics: a State growing larger, more demanding every year, swallowing lives, fortunes, destroying sacred honor, screaming in its bloatedness for more, capable of any deed - no matter how corrupt or repulsive, swollen, crazed - staggering toward extinction.” - L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, p.127. - GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, EMPIRES, POWER
STATE: Powerful states can maintain themselves only by crime. Little states are virtuous only because they are weak.” – M. A. Bakunin, Proposition motivée, 1868, also in Selected Works, p.211. – POWER, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Proudhon followed Rousseau in arguing that the State originated in a deception of the majority by a self-interested minority. Mankind had come to believe that the State had a strength of its own, as seen in its armies and public officials. But all its apparent power came from the alienation of the “collective force”. – Edwards, Proudhon, p.23. –– Those “leaders” alienated from the people, the population, and given an interest opposite to them, do constitute the power of the State, from body-guards to secret services, police forces and standing armies, combined with all other officials living off revenues form compulsory taxation up to the Presidents, Prime Ministers or open or camouflaged other despots. – JZ, 4.7.08. – MAJORITIES, MINORITIES, PROPAGANDA LIES, LAWS, BUREAUCRACY, POLICE, STANDING ARMIES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP, RULERS, REPRESENTATIVES
STATE: Quoting Spencer, who said that when State power is applied to social purposes, its action is invariably ‘slow, stupid, extravagant, inadaptive, corrupt and obtrusive’ …” - L. Labadie, on Nock & Spencer, in MAN, An Anthology, p.406.
STATE: Rampant Stagflation – The result of all this extra state interference, financed by taking over 50 per cent of the gross national product in taxation, has been not the production of an economically viable society but what might be called rampant stagflation, that is to say stagnation in production and raging inflation which further destroys belief in the future. The moral fiber of our people has been weakened. A state which does for its citizens what they can do for themselves is an evil state; and a state which removes all choice and responsibility from its people and makes them like broiler hens will create the irresponsible society. I such an irresponsible society no-one cares, no-one saves, no-one bothers – why should they when the state spends all its energies taking money from the energetic, successful and thrifty to give to the idle, the failures and the feckless? – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, “Down With the Poor”, p.5. – WELFARE STATE, TAXATION, INFLATION, BAILOUTS, SUBSIDIES, GUARANTIES
STATE: Rejecting the State as a ‘protection racket’ with an illegitimate claim on the monopoly of force (*), Rothbard would like to see it dissolved, as would Friedman, into social and market arrangements. He proposes that disputes over violations of persons and property may be settled voluntarily by arbitration firms whose decisions are enforceable by private protection agencies.” - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.637. - But States with voluntary subjects and without a territorial monopoly are also possible, not only such societies and communities. – Why should not the various statists, today forming the majority, be allowed and quite free to do their things to themselves only? – Instead of opposing the State, its opposition should encourage it – in this direction – while claiming no more than full exterritorial autonomy for themselves as well. The continuous struggle between them would then cease – to mutual satisfaction. – But the resulting free competition between them would force all of them to “pull their socks up”, i.e., to provide enough consumer satisfaction with their services to retain their customers or even increase their market share. – JZ, 10.4.09. - (*) to exclusive territorial power - JZ, 4.6.08.
STATE: Remember Auden: "There is no such thing as the State." - Arthur C. Clarke, On Weaponry, ANALOG, Mid-Dec. 87, p 47.
STATE: REPEAL LAWS: help make the state an endangered species.” – SLL button No. 438. – LAWS, REPEAL
STATE: Ridden and oppressed by a Leviathan State increasingly out of control in its depredations against the citizenry …” – M. N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.4.
STATE: Russia is doomed to be governed by fools; she knows no other way.” – Alexander Solzhenitsyn, August 1914, p.693. – DIS. – Territorial States are doomed to be governed by fools and scoundrels. They know no other way and in territorialism there is no other way than the foolish and criminal territorial domination way – JZ, n.d. & 30.6.08. – TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP, THE WORST GETTING TO THE TOP
STATE: Russia: Impotent Populace and Massive State.” – Clarence B. Carson, chapter 8 of “World in the Grip of an Idea”, in THE FREEMAN, Aug 77. – TOTALITARIANISM, SOVIET REGIME, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM
STATE: Save yourself. Desert the sinking territorial State. Form alternative societies and communities of volunteers only, all without any territorial monopoly claim, all realizing their own ideals only among themselves, thus sufficiently tolerant to be tolerated by other such societies. As territorialists you confront each other even with nuclear mass murder devices. As exterritorially autonomous people, you can either ignore the others, doing their own things among themselves, or peacefully exchange whatever you have to offer to each other. – The tax burdens, the ongoing inflations and mass unemployment and the threat of nuclear war should be enough of a motivation for such actions – at least for sufficiently enlightened and self-interested beings, i.e. for people not merely mis-educated through government controlled “education” systems. – Such voluntaristic, competing and tolerant societies would also constitute and demonstrate quite rightful war and peace aims – and could thus prevent most wars, civil wars, violent revolutions and terrorism. – As governments in exile they could be formed even against the most despotic of the existing territorial States – and also against the most authoritarian of the existing democratic States. – E.g., Tibetan societies do not have to be confined to the territory of Tibet and US Constitutionalists not to the territory of the USA. Let all people, who think that they can, try to set up or really demonstrate better examples, among their own volunteers. - JZ, 22.4.96, 28.5.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE - ALL FOR VOLUNTEERS ONLY, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM.
STATE: Secondly, the modern States fails to discharge the elementary duty, which even some despotic States managed to do in the past, to protect their citizens from the force and fraud of each other, as distinct from its own force and fraud. – The American citizen now walks in his city at night, and not infrequently by day, at his peril. If he wishes to be safe in his home, he had better keep a fierce animal to deter marauders or live in a high-rise complex with its own private guards. If he runs a bank, or any other business handling sizable sums of cash, he had better invest in the services or private protection agencies, for the State’s police will do little for him.” - Arthur Shenfield, REASON, 8/76, summing up the neo-anarchist case. - - PROTECTION
STATE: See: BECKERATH, ULRICH VON: On Panarchy.
STATE: See: MARITAIN, JACQUES, Man and the State, (1951)
STATE: Simplification of ideas is perhaps the most urgent of the needs of the age, and really big ideas are often quite simple. Instead of thinking of the State as the fairy god-mother, it should be considered as a mere machine for the employment of the people who work it. “Government,” said Carlyle, “is emphatically a machine”, the American poet did not overstate the case as “The incredible cunning of the monstrous plan whereby the spider State has set its web for Man.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.21. – STATISM, BUREAUCRACY
STATE: simply think of the State as a criminal band, and all the libertarian attitudes will logically fall into place.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, 1973, quoted in Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.561. – LIBERTARIANISM
STATE: since the beginning of time there has never existed one single state that was legitimate. Legitimacy does not exist; it is a hoax. Ubi societas, ibi jus: where there is society, there is law. Poppycock! Just words. In such cases, lawyers paint empty spaces in different colours and claim to have built walls. … Hall’s book, … page 127, I believe, and read: ‘a State can acquire a territory by a unilateral act of its own initiative, by occupation, by the transfer issued by another State or community or individual, by a gift, by the prescription resulting from the passing of time or by growth caused by an at of Nature …’ – I am quoting from memory.” - Paul-Loup Sulitzer, The Green King, Grafton Books, 1985/85, p.532/33. – TERRITORIALISM, LEGITIMACY, SOVEREIGNTY, GOVERNMENTS, LAWS
STATE: Sir Ernest Benn endeavors to show that the instrument is and always must be unsuited for many of the purposes for which it has been used.” – From the inside cover strip of: Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy. – For all purposes, except the power and enrichment efforts of the territorial rulers and their supporters. – JZ, 23.6.03. – DIS.
STATE: So long as there is a state, there is not freedom; when there is freedom, there will be no state.” – Lenin, Sochineniia, XXI, 406, 436. – Lenin, to, in his way, was an “anarchist”, one of the all too many with territorialist despotic personal ambitions. – With such remarks he attracted all too many still all too ignorant and prejudiced anarchists, only to cut them down afterwards, like Mao did, after his campaign of “letting 100 flowers bloom”. - JZ, 13.4.09. - FREEDOM, ANARCHISM
STATE: Society grows but the State (government) is made.” – View ascribed to Herbert Spencer by William Archibald Dunning: A History of Political Theories, from Rousseau to Spencer, N.Y., 1920, p.399. – Under panarchism, all kinds of freely competing States, societies and communities could grow only by more individuals joining than leaving them and all of them could decline by more individual leaving them than joining them. Just as if they were e.g. stamp collecting or tennis clubs. None of them would have a territorial monopoly or compulsory membership or compulsory subordination. Some of them would only offer voluntary slavery or voluntary serfdom “opportunities”, as long, for individual members, as they would be willing to accept such conditions. – JZ, 2.7.08. – SOCIETY, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM
STATE: Society is not the State. The State is not the manager of a society, which has employed him in order to serve it. In reality, it is authorized to exploit the society.“ – Reverdy (“Die Geselllschaft, das ist nicht der Staat. Der Staat ist nicht der Gechaeftsfuehrer einer Gesellschaft, die ihn in ihre Dienste gestellt hat, um ihr zu dienen, sonern er ist in Wirklichkeit beauftragt, die Gesellschaft auszubeuten.“) – Who or what has so authorized the territorial State? – JZ, 5.7.92. – At most a number of errors, myths, prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions. – JZ, 2.7.08. - SOCIETY
STATE: Sock it to the State!” – Source? – Just deprive it of its territorial monopoly! Allow individuals to secede from it under exterritorial autonomy for their own communities of volunteers. – JZ 5.7.08.
STATE: Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.” – Marcellus, in Shakespeare’s “Hamlet”, 1.4.90. – Most, if not all territorial States are rotten, in many of their laws and institutions. – JZ, 13.4.09. – TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM, STATISM, LAWS, BUREAUCRACY
STATE: Somewhere Herbert Spencer wrote about the State as “the great machine”. So did Isabel Paterson in “The God of the Machine”. It is well known that even large and powerful but complicated machines can be brought to a standstill relatively easily. How can this be done for the large and small territorial State machines? To bring them either to a stand-still or to confine their “productivity” and costs to their remaining volunteers, while giving to each former subject and tax payer his just capital share in its remaining assets or capital value? But, probably, more important than getting one’s share in the remaining values of this great machine, would be no longer being subjected to its commands and extortions. If all its costs and risks are, in future, to be born only by its volunteers, then they would become sufficiently bearable. – JZ, n.d. & 30.7.07. - AS THE GREAT MACHINE. TAX STRIKE, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, SECESSIONISM, REVOLUTION
STATE: Soon all men come to expect that their lives should be rendered problem-free by an omnipotent state.” - G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.227. – Let the totalitarians etc. have it - but only at their own expense and risk. - All others should also be free to do their own things, together with like-minded volunteers. Then the latter should also organize, arm and train themselves, optimally against all remaining fanatics, private and official criminals, aggressors, tyrants, all who still aspire to territorial rule over dissenters. - How many will really opt for more taxes, laws, bureaucrats and politicians for themselves, once all are free to make other choices for themselves? Via free secessionism and exterritorially autonomous associationism? The territorial statist bubble will burst. Perhaps through the pinpricks which panarchistic governments and societies in exile could provide - or a comprehensive declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties, or through an ideal militia force for their protection, or through a libertarian Ideas Archive, combined with an encyclopedia of the best refutations of all territorial statist myths, prejudices, errors and dogmas, as well as others, which are obstacles to progress. . Perhaps through a prize competition that would offer a high prize to anyone who could prove that any territorial State has ever really solved any man-made problems, rather than added to them. - JZ, 10.3.11. - WELFARE STATE, PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS, STATISM, DIS., START-UPS, MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION, “NEW DRAFT”
STATE: Spooner found the state getting in his way wherever he turned.” – Libertarian Handbook, 1973. - Until all States are reduced to their voluntary supporters and exterritorial autonomy. Then they would just some different panarchies, polyarchies, multiarchies, societies or community of volunteers. These are harmless as such, unless they are fanatics aiming at territorial domination. - JZ, 10.3.11.
STATE: State and society … are naturally and continually in opposition.” - Felix Morley, quoted in Templeton, The Politicization of Society, p.58. - & SOCIETY
STATE: State domination, under which we always understand an enforced unity, is practised with the excuse that without it Man could not survive. This is a curious justification, seeing the fate of peoples under statist tutelage....“ – LERNZIEL ANARCHIE Nr. 3, S. 2/3. – (“Staatliche Herrschaft, worunter stets eine Zwangsvereinigung zu verstehen ist, wird ja mit der Begruendung praktiziert, dass ohne diese der Mensch nicht lebensfaehig sei. Eine etwas merkwuerdige Begruendung, wenn wir das Schicksal der Voelker unter der staatlichen Bevormundung betrachten ...“) – TERRITORIALISM, UNIFICATION OF STATES, PROTECTION, SURVIVAL, WAR, CIVIL WAR, MASS MURDERS
STATE: State is the name of the coldest of all cold monsters.” – Nietzsche, Also sprach Zarathustra: Vom neuen Goetzen. – JZ tr. of: “Staat heisst das kaelteste aller kalten Ungeheuer.“
STATE: State power and state security are the highest concerns of the rulers of any territorial state. They do not care how many thousands or even millions of people they sacrifice towards these aims. – Even Abraham Lincoln acted like a power-hungry king or emperor in this respect - JZ, 5.4.09.VS. SOCIETY
STATE: State power is the kind of power that absorbs everything else into it. If it is allowed to take its own way, all individuality will quickly disappear, swallowed up by the collectivity, and society will sink into communism.” – Proudhon, What is Property? p.140/41. - POWER, PROPERTY, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, SOCIETY, COMMUNISM, COLLECTIVISM, INDIVIDUALISM
STATE: State power possesses inalienable characteristics, it can change its label, its ‘theory’, and its servitors, but in essence it merely remains power and despotism in a new form.” – Velikiiopyt, 1918, quoted by Paul Avrich, The Anarchists in the Russian Revolution, p.18. - POWER
STATE: State power, apparently legitimatized by periodic approval by the masses, led to a “natural resource” concept of citizenship, where the individual is considered a commodity in service to the wielders of power.” - James Dale Davidson, in INDIVIDUALIST, 6/72, on D. H. Lawrence. – DEMOCRACY, GOVERNMENT, POWER, TERRITORIALISM, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, SUBJECTS, CITIZENS, MERE PAWNS & SACRIFICIAL VICTIMS OF TERRITORIALISM
STATE: State-mandated compassion produces, not love for ones fellow man, but hatred and resentment.” – Lizard - COMPASSION, LOVE & HATE
STATE: States are artificial assemblages. They have not always existed. …” - Michael Zwerin, A Case for the Balkanization of Practically Everyone, p.15.
STATE: States are organizations that permit short-sighted, power-mad and irresponsible egoists to live at the expense of and to dominate a majority of short-sighted, submissive and irresponsible altruists. – JZ, 8.10.88. – LEADERSHIP, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: States are the black holes in the universe of societies. Very destructive – and unnecessary and quite unjustified. – JZ, 4.1.83., 29.6.08.
STATE: States are the cancers or parasites of societies. – JZ, 20.8.98, 27.5.08.
STATE: States are the machinery of plunder.” – Samuel Edward Konkin III, NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY 75, May 22, 77. – Bastiat’s wording: “Plunder-bund”, was much shorter. – JZ
STATE: States cannibalize people or, rather, allow their favorites to cannibalize, sacrifice, use or abuse all those out of favor with its top men – at least to some extent, when not 100 %. – JZ, 5.6.82.
STATE: States do not so much naturally grow or decline but, rather, grow or decline explosively, via wars, revolutions and putsches. This is inherent in their territorial, monopolistic, coercive, centralistic and collectivist nature, which distinguishes them from exterritorially autonomous communities and associations of volunteers that grow or decline by individuals joining or seceding from them. – JZ, 24.2.89. – PANARCHISM & VOLUNTARISM & INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM VS. TERRITORIALISM
STATE: States live by feeding off their citizens. It has frequently been said that they are like cancers, and with good reason. Once started, they grow enormously, are very difficult to stop, and eventually kill their host and themselves. We in Australia are currently being sucked dry and strangled by our cancerous State. …” - John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.237.
STATE: States mean the substitution of private judgment on the own affairs by the “judgment” of politicians and bureaucrats, who a) neither know my affairs, b) nor could they know them fully enough, c) nor could they run them better than I could, d) nor are they seriously interested in them, with one exception: they want to live at my expense and risk and wish to hide that intention, under numerous false pretences: As if they were able and willing to provide protection, security, progress, prosperity, peace, full employment under the unemployment conditions produced by them, security against enemies they produce, safety from the inflations they cause, the justice promised by them, non-competitively, under their unjust laws and in their monopolistic courts. All this and much more is territorially imposed by them upon me and the rest of the population, at our expense and risk and misleading us more and more away from our own aims and purposes. And for this they expect us to be grateful, obedient and loyal to them! – JZ, 11.9.87, 1.7.08, 10.3.11.
STATE: States set up the main lines, dividing up mankind and setting the parts against each other. – JZ, 4.5.82. – WAR, WARFARE STATE, PEACE, FRONTIERS, BORDERS, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: States should be destroyed or abolished only as coercive and exclusive territorial organizations but without destroying territories, their inhabitants and any continuance of their wanted functions and institutions among their remaining volunteers. They deserve each other. – JZ, Feb. 89, 10.3.11, 6.8.12. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL TOLERANCE
STATE: States to become reduced to secular churches for volunteers only, without territorial conscription, subordination, monopoly and taxation powers, even without any constitutional, legislation and jurisdiction monopolies – except within the sphere of their own voluntary members. No more involuntary victims for any of them. Against such institutions we do not need any great military defence machines. They tend to be peaceful by their very nature, as even most Muslims are by now, wherever they can practise their religion and tolerant sects quite freely. All such institutions would act in natural solidarity and alliances against all remaining totalitarians and other intolerant groups of fanatics and terrorists, which, most likely, would also have shrunk very much in numbers as a result of this change. For it would permit them to do their own things to themselves quite undisturbed. – JZ, 2.3.95, 28.5.08.
STATE: States to come really under the control of individuals, not by territorial and collectivist voting but by voluntary membership, also expressed by individual secessions and exterritorialy autonomous associations, societies and communities of volunteers. All these could freely and peacefully coexist and compete with each other for voluntary members and this in all former exclusive State territories and even world-wide. All with their particular and self-chosen personal constitutions and personal laws, their juridical system and whatever common institutions their members prefer for themselves, unhindered by the ideas, opinions and preferences of all outsiders. – They will really be societies by consent, unanimous consent on major issues, self-governing institutions, not merely pretended self-governing ones. - JZ, 17.2.06. - & THEIR GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM & INDIVIDUALISM, CONTROL BY VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP & INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM
STATE: Statist territorial organization is a bad idea and a bad habit or custom. – JZ, 12.4.84, 28.6.08, 10.3.11.
STATE: Statists can and will never criticize the State sufficiently. Nor will territorialists be able and willing to do so, even when they call themselves anarchists, individualists and limited government libertarians or classical liberals. – JZ, 9.11.92, 2.7.08. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Suffice it to say that it is precisely the areas where the state has stepped in that problems of quality, quantity and cost are most in evidence; those goods an services relatively untouched by the dead hand of the state are precisely the one about which we need not be concerned.” – Benjamin R. Rogge, THE FREEMAN, 3/75. - PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS, STATISM, BUREAUCRACY, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, SUBSIDIES, STATISM OR SELF-HELP BY VOLUNTARY ALTERNATIVES?
STATE: Suppose the best state constitution that can be conceived to be already invented; suppose that all the people in the world have accepted this constitution; do you not think that even from this best constitution there must arise things that will be most detrimental to human happiness and of which man in a state of nature would have known nothing at all?” – Lessing, quoted in Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.150. – Think of how long even the US Constitution tolerated slavery and how even now some basic individual rights and liberties are still omitted by it and others are unclearly or wrongly formulated or are not genuine rights and liberties but, unjustified claims, supposed to be satisfied at the expense and risk of others. – JZ, 30.6.08, 6.8.12. - Even Immanuel Kant's classical definition of right is still widely unknown or unappreciated. - JZ, 10.3.11. - CONSTITUTIONALISM
STATE: Taking the State wherever found, striking into its history at any point, one sees no way to differentiate the activities of its founders, administrators, and beneficiaries from those of a professional criminal class.” – Albert Jay Nock, Our Enemy the State – Compare the much earlier remark by Augustine. - CRIME, PROFESSIONAL CRIMINALS, PUBLIC SERVANTS, CIVIL SERVICE, BUREAUCRATS. POLITICIANS, RULERS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, WARFARE STATE, WELFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, TAXATION, CRIME, ORGANIZED CRIME, CRIME SYNDICATES, MAFIA, TERRITORIALISM.
STATE: task of the State is to act, to act quickly, to act firmly. The State is absolute, the citizen relative. Its right and its duty is to survive, and to survive it must be strong. Parliamentary discussions, consultations of the people, consideration for minorities, are being brakes on the wheel. The State is not the lackey of the people, but the trustee of interests. To discharge its functions it needs a free hand, and it is free to act only when a single mind decides. “We Nazis,” writes General Goering in his book “Germany Reborn”, “believe that in political affairs Adolf Hitler is infallible, just as the Roman Catholic believes that in religious matters the Pope is infallible.” – G. P. Gooch, Dictatorship in Theory and Practice, p. 34. - NAZI THEORY OF THE STATE, PEOPLE, LEADERSHIP PRINCIPLE, INFALLIBILITY DOCTRINE, LEADERSHIP SPLEEN
STATE: Territorial governments have only one “ethic”: I know what is good for you. Better than you do! I’m your big brother. And you would better do what I tell you to do and pay for it and use no other advisor or supporter – or else! – JZ, 15.6.91 - MORALITY, ETHICS, BIG GOVERNMENT, BIG BROTHER, CENTRALIZATION, UNIFICATION, TERRITORIALISM, BIG BROTHER, AUTHORITARIANISM,
STATE: Territorial States are "Berserker machines" in camouflage. If you doubt that consider the MAD: Mutual Assured Destruction "policy", the ABC mass murder devices and the alliances for "defence" with governments equipped with these anti-people or genocidal “weapons", all operating on the immoral principle of collective responsibility of the victims of a territorial government for the crimes of their rulers. - JZ, 12.10.00, 3.2.02, 6.8.12. - TERRITORIALISM, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT
STATE: Territorial States are like dumps of dry gun powder. A mere spark can set off its explosion and the leader of each such State has the power to provide that spark. And each leader is rightly afraid of this same power in its neighbouring States but none of them if prepared to abdicate this power. And the “gun powder”, the people, does not think and decide in this respect, not even in democracies. – JZ, 28.4.92, 1.7.08. – DECISION-MAKING ON WAR & PEACE
STATE: Territorial States are the largest, most destructive, oppressive, and exploitative parasites upon what remains of genuine free societies of volunteers. Thus they should no longer be tolerated. Only their forms, not their powers, monopolies and coercion should be allowed to be continued – among their remaining volunteers. These would be many, initially, but their numbers would soon tend to shrink, even though, initially, they might federate, internationally and thus establish rather large communities for themselves. They would soon experience their usual difficulties and would have none but themselves to blame for them. All around them they would see people being successful because they are members of more free or quite free societies with very different and often quite opposite ideas and practices. These examples they could and would not overlook for long. – JZ, 10.3.99, 27.5.08, 6.8.12.
STATE: Territorial States are the worst possible defenders and protectors of genuine individual rights and liberties. They are, rather, their worst enemies, being conducted by power-addicts and power-mad “leaders” and “representatives”: politicians and Bureaucrats. – JZ, n.d. & 31.1.12. – PROTECTION? DEFENCE? RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, REPRESENTATIVES?
STATE: Territorial States should not be rescued, anywhere and at any time. But we should try to rescue ourselves from them and others, anywhere, if we can, at least by advice on how best to do this. And we should endeavour to abolish all of them, as rightfully, rationally and peacefully, fast and cheaply as possible. They are our worst enemies, in any form. They make a nuclear war possible and even likely in the long run. Not to speak of all the other wrongs and harm they cause. – JZ, 4.6.08. – However, as communities of volunteers only and confined to personal law or exterritorial autonomy, all of them could be continued and tolerated – until they finally dissolve themselves. – J.Z., 6.8.12.
STATE: Territorial States, apart from the miniature ones, are, essentially, Warfare States. They know more about aggression than rightful defence and are unable to conclude a lasting peace between themselves, or establish it internally, one based upon the recognition of all individual rights and liberties - for that would make them superfluous, soon, in the eyes of most of their “beneficiaries” and victims. – JZ, 19.8.98, 27.5.08. – TERRITORIALISM, PEACE, STATES, GOVERNMENTS, WARFARE STATES
STATE: Territorial Stats are mixtures of legal, bureaucratic and police despotism and injustices under the camouflage of “free” voting, representation and formal laws, welfarism, protectionism and defence pretences. They are largely run only for the benefit of the rulers rather than the ruled. – JZ, They must become reduced to communities of volunteers only without any territorial monopoly or power. – JZ, 10.3.99, 27.5.08.
STATE: Territorial Stats are mixtures of monopolies, fraud, coercion, theft of parasitism. They cause wars, civil wars, violent revolutions, oppression, exploitation and poverty. They enrich a few at the expense of the many. They make a few people excessively powerful and most people powerless. I do not know why we have put up with them for so long, for only their simple opposites can come as close to the various ideals of human beings as they can come. – JZ, 10.3.99, 27.5.08, 10.3.11. – PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Territorially organized irresponsibility under the pretence of maximum responsibility. – JZ, 10.12.92, 2.7.08.
STATE: that fictitious being, the State, which signifies a collection of salaried bureaucrats.” – Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat – A Man Alone, p.129. – BUREAUCRACY, PUBLIC SERVANTS, CIVIL SERVICE
STATE: that great fictitious entity by which everyone seeks to live at the expense of everyone else.” – Frederic Bastiat
STATE: That institution which interferes with the Free Market through the direct exercise of coercion or the granting of privileges (backed by coercion).” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p. 70/71.
STATE: that packet of assorted miseries known as the state.” – Pauline Russell, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 3/80.
STATE: That the State is a parasite, a swindler par excellence, a dangerous aggression, father of the Hydrogen bomb, is true and proven.” - LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 3.
STATE: The “best” State is no State.” – Sponti Special.
STATE: the agent who acts is never an abstract state but always a very concrete government with all the defects necessarily inherent in this kind of political institution.” – F. A. Hayek, Denationalization of Money, p.95, in the footnote.
STATE: the allegiance of men to the State is, he asserted, less important than their allegiance to society as a whole!” – David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.84, on H. J. Laski, “Authority”, p.27 & 122.
STATE: The anarchists say the State is evil. They are wrong. The State are evil. It is not a system that creates privilege, it is a number of morally responsible people who do so. A robot cannot declare war and a general staff cannot conduct one; the motivating instrument is a man called a king or a president, a man called a legislator, a man called a general. In thus identifying political behavior with persons, we prevent the transference of guilt to an amoral fiction; we place responsibility where it rightly belongs.” – Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.109/110. – As if individuals, in a territorial State, were all really free to make responsible decisions for themselves – and this while they are not even free to secede from it and to set up or join exterritorially autonomous communities that are in free competition with it. This is like saying a man is individually and economically quite free, while there is no free choice of jobs, or professions and free enterprise competition is outlawed, so are free trade and free migration. The resulting mess is ascribed to guilty individuals, just like the totalitarian communists were inclined to do. – Man is also shaped and crippled by his institutions. Why otherwise would States have taken control of education? And should we forget the military conditioning of conscripts into efficient and obedient soldiers? Should we rely only on the morality and strength of e.g. conscientious objectors and tax strikers or members of resistance groups that confined themselves to totally non-violent resistance? Some people are so primitive in their “thinking” that their recommendation is simply: “Just say: NO!” – JZ, 28.6.08. - GUILT, RESPONSIBILITY, DECISION-MAKING, CONSTITUTIONS, OFFICES, POLITICIANS, CULPRITS, INSTITUTIONS, ENLIGHTENMENT, MORALITY, RESISTANCE, LIBERATION, DIS., LACK OF PROGRAMS, IDEAS OR PLATFORMS THAT DESERVE SUCH TERMS
STATE: The area of its enterprise has consistently grown until today there is not field of human activity over which, in some degree, its pervading influence may not be detected. – David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, 1975, p. 146. – It is an enterprise very busy and successful in suppressing free and competitive enterprises, especially all those, which would compete with its territorial monopoly claims. – JZ, 10.4.09.
STATE: The belief in the common man and the belief in the state are incompatible.” – Prof. Carl J. Friedrich, The New Belief in the Common Man, p.55. – Perhaps it would be more exact to say merely “belief in man” or even “belief in the uncommon man”. – JZ, 10.6.73. - DIS.
STATE: the belief that the State can improve the economic lot of mankind being foremost among our misapprehensions.” – Walter E. Grinder, LAISSEZ FAIRE REVIEW, Sept-Oct. 74. - But one has to admit that, usually, it looks well after the welfare of all too many politicians and bureaucrats. - JZ, 10.3.11. - WELFARE STATE, DIS.
STATE: The best State is none.” – Sponti-Spezial 59, Eichborn Verlag. (“Der beste Staat is kein Staat.”) - Only the territorial State, ruling over involuntary and innocent victims of it, has to be abolished. The statists, unwilling to secede from the State, should be free to continue with their “flagellations”, mutual taxation and subsidies, avalanches of laws, regulations and controls over their own affairs, mutually coercive actions, sado-masochistic power and submission relationships, as long as they wish to put up with them. But they should no longer be allowed to have a single innocent and involuntary victim. - JZ, 10.3.11.
STATE: The best that can be said about it is that in usurping functions of society it discharges some of them – but only as badly and as expensively as is to be expected by an oversized territorial bureaucracy. – JZ, 27.12.91. – "Whatever the State does costs at least twice as much!" - At least a similar remark was ascribed to David Friedman. - JZSOCIETY, WELFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The chief indictment against the state is that it is the primary source of human brutality and bloodshed. “Just as truly as Liberty is the mother of order”, Tucker wrote, so “is the State the mother of violence”. - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.153. - LIBERTY, ORDER, VIOLENCE
STATE: the common enemy of all benevolent, industrial and decent people.” – H. L. Mencken, JZ re-translation from a German version.
STATE: The concept of the state is foreign in the New Testament. It has its origin in pagan antiquity.” – Dietrich Bonhoeffer, quoted by J. D. Doenecke, in LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 7/77.
STATE: the conclusion of Spencer, which is gaining wider acceptance daily, that the State had its origin in aggression, and has continued as an aggressive institution from its birth. Defence was an afterthought prompted by necessity and its introduction as a State function, though effected doubtless with a view to the strengthening of the State, was really and in principle the initiation of the State’s destruction. Its growth in importance is but an evidence of the tendency of progress toward the abolition of the State.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, Relation of the State to the Individual. – We should not forget that the “defence” efforts of the State, even under “modern” and “scientific” militarism, have led to ever increasing numbers of deaths and casualties among non-combatants, old people, women, children and unarmed men, who are now killed or injured much more frequently than the soldiers themselves and constitute between 80 % and 90 % of all deaths and casualties. In other words: the State’s defence action has also turned into aggression and murder. – JZ, 4.7.08. – WARFARE, NON-COMBATANT VICTIMS, DEFENCE
STATE: The constant refrain of the anarchist song is that the system of government and law in modern States is often the cause of, rather than the remedy for, disorder.” - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.648. – Compare the number of laws against private robberies with the number of laws to practise public robberies. – JZ, 27.1.94. – TAXATION, LAWS, ORDER, DISORDER, GOVERNMENT, ANARCHISM, CRIME
STATE: The Constitution was once regarded as both a guaranty of individual rights of action and a limitation on the acts of the State. The contemporary situation is almost the reverse: under its police powers, the State has arrogated to itself the right to do virtually anything it pleases while individuals may act only by permission.” – M. Bruce Johnson, REASON, July 74. – The USA Constitution never fully and clearly recognized all individual rights and liberties, not only as far as slaves, Red Indians and immigrants are concerned. – Nor was it signed or sworn to by all its subjects. - JZ, 5.7.08. - CONSTITUTIONALISM
STATE: The continued existence of the State is in no ways desirable for attaining some end.” & The continued existence of the State is not necessary to the possibility of approximating any of life’s ends – e.g. peace, freedom, justice, welfare, security, knowledge, health, happiness.” - George A. Lear, Jr., POLIS, Fall 66. – Not even for statists? At their risk and expense? Naturally, they should not be granted any territorial monopoly or coercive powers. – JZ, 2.7.08. – TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM.
STATE: the dead hand of the State has pledged the credit of all without the slightest suggestion of personal responsibility upon anyone.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.91. – PUBLIC DEBT
STATE: The demise of the primary predator (the State) would topple most of the other predatory institutions like dominoes.” – Joe Fulks, THE CONNECTION 133, p.87.
STATE: the duty of the State to an individual is in all respects the same as of one individual to another.” – Opinion stated, disapprovingly, by Lord Hugh Cecil, Conservatism, p.164. – Not being an individual human being or other sufficiently rational being, it has neither rights not duties but individuals have individual rights and liberties whose practice neither States nor other individuals can rightfully suppress. – J.Z., 7.8.12. – The fact is, the State lacks the moral elements inherent in the individual.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.123. DIS., RIGHTS & DUTIES, INDIVIDUALISM
STATE: the encroachment of the state in the lives of its citizens … not a solution to society’s problems, but instead … the problem itself.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.13. - PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The essence of a state is, firstly, power, secondly, power and thirdly, power.” – Treitschke, quoted in C. Bingham, Men and Affairs, p.352. – How much power would any State have if it were confined to volunteers only, exterritorial autonomy and personal law – and exposed to free competition from numerous other governments, societies and communities of this kind? Then it would be reduced to an ordinary corporation, private protection, insurance or arbitration association. – JZ, 3.7.08, 7.812. – POWER, TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM
STATE: The essence of the State is coercion; but the essence of society is freedom.” - Oscar B. Johannsen, Society vs. The State, in FRAGMENTS, Jan. - Dec. 00. - VS. SOCIETY, COERCION VS. FREEDOM
STATE: The estate is essentially an apparatus of compulsion and coercion. The characteristic feature of its activities is to compel people through the application or the threat of force to behave otherwise than they would like to behave.” – Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.46. – TERRITORIALISM, FORCE, COMPULSION, COERCION
STATE: The existence of the state and the existence of slavery are inseparable. – Karl Marx, Fruehschriften, MEW Bd. 1, Berlin/Ost, 1974, S. 401f. – (“Existenz des Staats und die Existenz der Sklaverei … unzertrennlich.”) – Even where, formally, and officially slavery has been abolished. – JZ – Another version: The existence of the State is inseparable from the existence of slavery. – Karl Marx, quoted in WEEKLY PEOPLE (S.L.P.), April 4, 1959. – George Seldes, The Great Quotations. - His followers demonstrated that very well. – JZ, 5.7.08. - SLAVERY, TAX SLAVERY, EDUCATIONAL SLAVERY, MILITARY SLAVERY, SEXUAL SLAVERY, ENSLAVEMENT TO MILLIONS OF LAWS & REGULATIONS & UNCOUNTED BOARDS, COMMISSIONS & OTHER AUTHORITIES, ENSLAVEMENT OF CHILDREN TO BAD PARENTS OR GUARDIANS, AS LONG AS THESE ADULTS CAN GET AWAY WITH THIS, MONETARY DESPOTISM
STATE: The Expanding State.” – John O’Sullivan and Patricia Hodgson, an essay in “Goodbye to Nationalization”, ed. by Dr. Rhode Boyson, p.12. - The more it expands and tackles, the more it shows that it is really impotent to solve any problems but able to prolong and to cause problems. - JZ, 10.3.11.
STATE: The fact is, the State lacks the moral elements inherent in the individual.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.123. - MORALITY, RESPONSIBILITY, INDIVIDUALISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The fact that the regulation of one man by another was filtered through the intermediary of the state in no wise lessened the moral culpability involved.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.226. – Public servants are morally responsible for the wrongful actions, which they legally commit in the name of the State, under the pretence of public or common interest - but territorial States provide no avenue to hold them and the legislators responsible for such actions. No even one territorial State has bothered to declare and thus recognize all individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 7.8.12. – PUBLIC SERVANTS, LAWS, LEGISLATORS, LEGALITY, RIGHTS & LIBERTIES
STATE: The fundamental assumptions of earthly associations were still largely lies, false assumption of necessary and unavoidable differences in flags and nationality, pretences of function and power in monarchy, impostures of organized learning, religion and moral dogmas and shams. And one must live in it, one is a part of it. You are restrained, taxed, distressed and killed by these insane unrealities.” – H. G. Wells, Men Like Goods, p.197 of first paperback issue, 1922, 1970ff. - TERRITORIAL STATES & LIES VS. FREE SOCIETIES, UTOPIAS
STATE: The general upshot of my observations, however, was to show me that whether in the hands of Liberal or Conservative, Republican or Democrat, and whether under nominal constitutionalism, republicanism or autocracy, the mechanism of the State would work freely and naturally in but one direction, namely, against the general welfare of the people." - Albert Jay Nock, Anarchist's Progress - PARTIES & WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE, WELFARE STATE
STATE: The government – or the State, if you will – as judge, moderator of social strife, impartial. Administrator of the public interest, is a lie, an illusion, a Utopia, never realized and never realizable.” – Errico Malatesta, Anarchy, 1891. – Also in ANARCHY 16. - Only as a panarchy, for its volunteers only and without any territorial monopoly would any State get its best chance to demonstrate whatever may be good about it, as a kind of insurance and protection company. Only as such would it no longer provoke any strong internal or external opposition. Why have the power addicts not realized that as yet? Or are they all too well aware of their own incompetence to satisfy voluntary and informed customers for long? Do they strive for territorial power and try to retain it because they are aware of their inferiority, as the worst people, who got to the top under territorialism? – This is the kind of thing that one has to suspect about e.g. the monopoly of the Post Office and all its publicized excuses and rationalizations. – Freedom to opt out from under the monopoly of the Post Office would be a very small demonstration of panarchism in practice. Freedom to opt out from conscript armies would be another. So would freedom to opt out from progressive taxation and to opt for a flat rate, instead. – And freedom to opt out of the official social security program and that of the official Medicare one. – Also the freedom to opt out of the current “bail-out” costs. – With dozens to hundreds of such successful examples the demand for the right of an individual or group to drop out or withdraw from all territorial schemes and costs would become stronger and stronger. - JZ, 13.4.09. – LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, POWER ADDICTS, INTOLERANCE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, Q., PANARCHISM, SMALL START-UP OPTIONS, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, GOOD GOVERNMENT, IDEAL STATES, “RECHTSSTAAT”
STATE: the governmental idea, with the State as its principal embodiment, is the efficient cause of almost all of our social evils.” (86-4) – Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted in Carl Watner, Benjamin Tucker and his Periodical, LIBERTY, in JLS, Fall 77, p.309. – SOCIAL PROBLEMS
STATE: The governments have done what they could do and still do what they can do. What can be achieved in this way can today be seen by everybody. Quite new avenues have to be opened up.” – Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, on 3.10.57. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW, MINORITY AUTONOMY
STATE: The great advantage of this system lay in the fact that each member of a guild as well as the representative of the guild in the corporation could easily keep track of all its functioning. (*) Everyone was dealing with matters about which he could speak as expert and connoisseur. If one compares this institution with the legislative and administrative bodies of the modern state, its moral superiority becomes instantly apparent. Neither the voter, today, nor the man who is said to represent him, is in a position that enables him to supervise in any degree (not to say completely) the monstrous mechanism of the central political apparatus. Every delegate is compelled almost every day to decide upon questions of which he has no personal knowledge and about which he must rely on the judgment of others. That such a system must inevitably lead to the worst sort of maladjustment and injustice is indisputable. And since the individual voter is, for the same reason, in no better position to keep track of and to control the acts of his so-called “representatives”, the caste of professional politicians, many of whom have in view only their own advantage, is able more easily to profit by the confusion and the gate is opened wide for every kind of moral corruption.” - Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.423/24. - - (*) One of the myths of trade unionism and of syndicalism. – Nobody in a large corporation, not to speak of a whole branch of industry or agriculture, knows all the details of it. At most the teams in its numerous different work places really know their jobs. - JZ, 30.6.08. – However, the ancient guilds, just like the modern professional associations and trade unions, also “functioned” by establishing and maintaining monopolies for their members. It took centuries before many of them were abolished. - JZ, 10.3.11. - CENTRAL PLANNING & DIRECTION, STATE SOCIALISM, STATE CAPITALISM, GUILDS, SYNDICALISM, ANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, LEGISLATION, DECENTRALIZATION, VOTING, REPRESENTATION, CENTRALIZATION, CONTROL, KNOWLEDGE, MANAGEMENT, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, VOTING, DIS.
STATE: The great non sequitur committed by defenders of the State, is to leap from the necessity of society to the necessity of the State.” – Murray N. Rothbard (1926-1995). – Not just one territorial society or one territorial State are needed or wanted – but as many non-territorial or exterritorial ones as free people individually wish for themselves, at their own expense and risk. Just like they should get as many competing value standards and currencies or clearing and credit options as they wish to establish or accept for themselves. Free choice or consumer sovereignty and free enterprise and competition in the last spheres, which territorial governments have so far monopolized for themselves! – JZ, 3.1.08, 7.8.12. - VS. SOCIETY, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, FREE CHOICE FOR INDIVIDUALS AMONG ALL SYSTEMS & ORGANIZATIONS, DIS.
STATE: The greater a State the smaller the individuals who form it.” – Georg Kaiser. (“Je groesser ein Staat, um so kleiner die Individuen, die ihn bilden.”) – Or the smaller the individuals, of whole populations, who are used and abused as mere property, pawns or clay by it. – J.Z., 7.8.12. - BIG GOVERNMENT, SMALL INDIVIDUALS, POWER & POWERLESSNESS, LEADERSHIP, POWER MONGERS, POLITICIANS, TERRITORIALISM, BIG GOVERNMENT
STATE: The greater the degree of power, and the wider the gap between governors and governed, the stronger the appeal of office to those, who are likely to abuse it, and the less the response which can be expected from the individual.” –Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, p.84. A book largely on the delinquency of authority. - POWER & OBEDIENCE, POWER ADDICTS, POWER-MADNESS, POLITICIANS, POLITICAL LEADERS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS
STATE: The Greatest Danger, The State.” – A chapter in “The Revolt of the Masses”, by Ortega y Gasset, according to Ronald F. Cooney, THE FREEMAN, 11/75.
STATE: The greatest mechanism for plunder is the State.” – Anthony C. Sutton, What Is Libertarianism? p.8. – PLUNDER, TAXATION, CRIME
STATE: the hand of the State destroys that which it seeks to improve.” - Gregory Sams, Uncommon Sense. – REFORMS, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION, SUBSIDIES, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, PUBLIC SERVICES
STATE: The highwayman takes solely upon himself the responsibility, danger, and crime of his own act. He does not pretend that he has any rightful claim to your money, or that he intends to use it for your own benefit … Furthermore, having taken your money, he leaves you, as you wish him to do … He does not keep "protecting" you by commanding you to bow down and serve him; by requiring you to do this, and forbidding you to do that.” – Lysander Spooner - TERRITORIAL, THE OFFICIAL HIGHWAYMAN & PIRATE, BUT MUCH MORE PRETENTIOUS
STATE: the idea of Léon Duguit that the State is distinguished from other groups simply by its possession of a greater degree of force.” – David Nicholls, Three Varieties of Pluralism, p. 10, in The Pluralist State, edited by him. – FORCE, COERCION, VIOLENCE, WAR, WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: the idea that a number of people, acting together, have a right which supersedes the rights of the individual is pure fantasy, and one which, as experience shows, has been invented to no good purpose.” – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.96.
STATE: The idea that public agencies themselves might need controlling was foreign to them. But it only takes a moment’s reflection to realize that the worst vandalism – physical and social – has been perpetrated by public authorities.” – Alfred Sherman, The End of Local Government, in the anthology Right Turn, edited by Dr. Rhodes Boyson. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, LEADERSHIP
STATE: the incapacity of the State to do anything for the individual but limit his choices, direct his moral life, conscript him into war, destroy his environment, monopolize his education and support a set of sub-states known as corporations that destroy whatever liberty the nation left him.” – Benjamin R. Tucker. – Only the privileges and monopolies granted by States to corporations are really restricting individual liberties. – JZ, 5.7.08. - CORPORATIONS, INDIVIDUAL CHOICE, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The incessant spawning and modification of laws, regulations, programs, and “national purposes” are the expressions of a state which sees its primary function as a controller of citizens.” – Simon, A Time for Truth, p.217. – LAWS, CONTROLS, REGULATIONS, NATIONAL PURPOSES, LEGISLATION
STATE: The incredible cunning of the monstrous plan // Whereby the spider State has set its web for Man.” – R. U. Johnson, The Crowned Republic.
STATE: The individualist Stirner, on the other hand, focused on the State as the cause of evil. ‘Every State is a despotism, be the despot one or many.’ Its purpose is to limit, control and subordinate the individual.” - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.19. – Are all the territorial individual statists quite innocent? Are they only the products of the territorial State or do they also establish a territorial State again and again and maintain it for all too long? – JZ, 13.4.09, 10.3.11. – Q., DIS., STATISM
STATE: the larger a state is, the stronger the instruments of power which it commands, the more dangerous it is to human freedom and the demands for higher forms of intellectual and cultural life. These are more imperiled in a central, uniform state.” – Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.433/34.
STATE: the liberal advocate of negative freedom verges on anarchism; for if physical force is the principal enemy of freedom, then the state – as the principal focus of physical coercion – represents the most perilous source of repression.” – Benjamin R. Barber, Superman and Common Men, p.40.
STATE: The liberal dreams of destroying the power of the nation state and replacing it with the power of the international state. We dream of destroying the power of all states.” – David Friedman, in Manifesto, p.57. -Was and is David Friedman really opposed to all territorial States, all limited governments which are still territorial monopolists? – Was and is he opposed to all States and governments, too, which would only exterritorially rule over volunteers? – How much “power” has a State left when it no longer holds a territorial monopoly? - JZ, 3.7.08. – TERRITORIALISM, POWER, ANARCHISM, LIBERALISM, MONOPOLISM, Q. LIBERTARIANISM, PANARCHISM
STATE: The limitation of the task of the State is a question of life and death for freedom, the collective as well the individual ....” – P. J. Proudhon, - LERNZIEL ANARCHIE Nr. 3. (“Die Begrenzung der Aufgabe des Staates ist eine Frage von Leben und Tod fuer die Freiheit, die kollektive und die individuelle …“)
STATE: The main characteristics of a State are firm borders and the sovereignty over life and death over all who reside within these borders.” - St. Ch. Waldecke - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The measure of the state's success is that the word anarchy frightens people, while the word state does not.” - Joseph Sobran - & ANARCHY, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, FEAR OF FREEDOM
STATE: the metaphysically charged term ‘state’.“ – F. A. Hayek, Made Orders and Spontaneous Orders. - Some of its metaphysical assumptions are that territoriality, uniformity, bigness, compulsory membership and subordination, one equal vote for all, one law of all, equality before the law, equal justice for all, one policing, one social service organization for all, one democracy, republic or other territorial government, one central note-issuing bank for all the people in a territory and one education system and one external policy and one constitution for all - would provide the best possible and quite just arrangements and institutions. – JZ, 3.10.07. & METAPHYSICS, UNITY & UNIFORMITY SPLEENS
STATE: The mistaken view that the State has some Authority is based upon the false premise that there is some End – e.g. personal security or individual freedom – the possibility of which necessitates the State’s existence.” - George A. Lear, Jr., POLIS, Fall 66. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, AUTHORITY
STATE: the modern State faces no legal, direct competition.” – Gary North, THE FREEMAN, 8/78. – PANARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES, ALL ONLY OF VOLUNTEERS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIALITY
STATE: The modern State is a mechanical device having no place in our history and must be considered as something having nothing to do with “My own, my native land”. There are no precedents to govern or guide official dealings in food, the issue of a B licence to a lorry, or the regulation of exchanges. And of course all these things, from their nature, are flat denials of the freedom we still profess to prize.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p. 20/21. – STATISM
STATE: The modern State is an subhuman entity with a giant body and a tiny head, with an insatiable appetite for money and power and very little reason, conscience and character.“ – Coudenhove-Kalergi, Held und Heiliger. – JZ tr. of: “Der moderne Staat ist ein untermenschliches Wesen, mit einem riesigen Leib und einem winzigen Kopf, mit einem unstillbaren Hunger nach Geld und Macht und sehr wenig Vernunft, sehr wenig Gewissen, sehr wenig Charakter.”
STATE: The modern State isn’t but should be a modern joint stock company or cooperative service, combining e.g. insurance, jurisdiction and protection services, but only for its subscribers and stockholders. – Re: Beaulieu The Modern State, chapter III. - Their stockholders may give them more or less jobs to do for them, at agreed-upon subscription prices or fees from case to case, like doctors or hospitals charge for operations. I for one would not entrust them with credit organization and money issues, apart from contribution-based or tax-foundation money issues for their membership. – But if central banking advocates want to make such arrangements for themselves, they are welcome to them. At least on page 134 Beaulieu advocates individual secessionism. His financial and organizational principle enunciated on pages 148/149 would permit panarchies to be established. – JZ, 1.10.85, 29.6.08. – PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, ASSOCIATIONISM
STATE: The more conscience comes into the front, the more we consider, not what the state accomplishes, but what it allows to be accomplished.” – Lord Acton, Cambridge Univ. Library, Add. MSS 5011: 235, quoted in David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.123. – CONSCIENCE
STATE: The more corrupt the state, the more numerous its laws.” – (Corruptissma republica, plurimae leges.) – Tacitus, Annals, Bk. iii, sec. 27. – LAWS, CORRUPTION
STATE: The more massive the state the more helpless the populace.” – Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 8/77. – BIG GOVERNMENT & POWERLESS SUBJECTS
STATE: the more the State does, the less individuals can or will do for themselves and vice versa). – Sharon Presley, LAISSEZ FAIRE REVIEW, Nov./Dec.74.
STATE: The motive behind governmental redistribution of wealth, though sincere, is founded upon the age-old myth that the State can replace the creativity, energy and ingenuity of individual men.” – Charles Heath, The Golden Egg, p.45.
STATE: the Nation is not the People, nor is the State the same as Society, instead of the government of man, let us have the administration of things, peace to men and war on institutions; dictatorship of the proletariat is dictatorship without the proletariat and against them: …” - Albert Meltzer: A New World in Our Hearts, p.60. - Did he also oppose all institutions that volunteer established only for themselves under exterritorial autonomy or personal law? - JZ, 10.3.11. - DIS., Q.
STATE: the natural enemy of all decent and productive men.” – Randy Boehm, quoted in LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, US, Nov. 76.
STATE: The nature of the State does not consist out of a contractual relationship.” – Hegel – JZ tr. of: “Die Natur des Staats liegt nicht im Vertragsverhaeltnis.” – Least of all does it in any territorial State. But for States, communities and societies made up only of volunteers under personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy, the relationship would be defined by contracts signed or otherwise obviously consented to by individuals. – JZ, 2.7.08. – PANARCHISM, CONTRACTS, COMPETITION, CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, ITS MONOPOLIES & COERCION
STATE: the normal and continuing condition of the State is oligarchic rule: rule by a coercive elite which has managed to gain control of the State machinery.” - Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.53.
STATE: the omnipotent state which attempts more than anyone can accomplish. – Edward Coleson, THE FREEMAN, 10/72. – It does not make any sense to speak of “omnipotence” in connection with the territorial State, no more so than of “omnipotence” with regard to an absolute monarch, a Pope, a central bank, a parliament or any “god”. – JZ, 4.7.08.
STATE: The ones are fearful of the State, the others fear for the State.” – Walter Scheel. - (“Die einen haben Furcht vor dem Staat, die anderen haben Furcht um den Staat.“) – That would not be too bad if both groups were free so separate from each other, individually, in order to do their own things only for or to themselves. Alas, so far, both groups seem to be believers in territorial uniformity, when it comes to political, economic and social systems, even if this has to be enforced at the expense of many victims for such “nation-building”. Almost no one is tolerant enough towards his opponents to leave them alone to practise their own ways among themselves. And this although in their daily experience they do already practise this mutual tolerance in thousands of minor ways and take it for granted. – JZ, 2.7.08. – LIBERTARIANS & STATIST, BOTH MOSTLY STILL TERRITORIALISTS & CORRESPONDINGLY INTOLERANT, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM
STATE: The only method to protect the liberties of each individual is by not trusting it (*) to untrustworthy institutions; and there is no more untrustworthy an institution than the State (i.e. Watergate, CIA operations, secret campaign funding, enemy lists, IRS harassment of administration enemies, CIA assassinations, Vietnam, secret files on political troublemakers, the Plumbers, etc.). – SLL leaflet: Who’s Afraid of Anarchy? – LIBERTY, TRUST, PROTECTION - (*) entrusting it? – JZ
STATE: the only worthwhile goal is breaking the hold of the state. – Filthy Pierre, THE CONNECTION 107, 23.10.82, p.64. – I hold that this means breaking its compulsory membership or enforced subordination, its territorial domination, its exclusive sovereignty - by individual secessionism and competing voluntary associationism under personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy. – JZ, 27.6.83. But this aim cannot be realized without being at first thoroughly and widely discussed and understood, in every one of its aspects. – JZ, 2.7.08. – PANARCHISM, ENLIGHTENMENT, SELF-EDUCATION
STATE: The organization itself has eaten up the substance of mankind.” – W. G. Sumner, quoted in Beard & Beard, The American Spirit, p.304. – The statist and territorial organization. - JZ, 10.3.11. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM
STATE: The organization of powerful parasites and their favourites for the exploitation and domination of the population of whole territories. – JZ, 30.3.94.
STATE: the origin and evolution of the political state show … that the state was born in aggression, and that, in all the various stages through which it has passed, its essential characteristics have been preserved.” – Clarence Darrow, quoted in DANDELION, Fall 79.
STATE: The origin of the state, and its reason for existence, lie in the fact that it works in favor of the propertied minority and against the propertyless.” – Peter A. Kropotkin, Paroles du’un révolté, 1884. – As if the State were really a defender of property rights and not also, indirectly, a provider of “bread and circus” for the masses, and as if it did not deprive the masses also of many of their individual rights and liberties. Its inheritance tax and its progressive taxation is not directed against the poor, although these taxes, too, help to maintain and spread poverty. – In practice, it robs all people as much as it can, of property, money and other things, the rich no less than the poor. Under the misleading slogan: “Soak the rich”, it was even able to impose progressive taxation upon hard working people, working much overtime. And its hand-outs to welfare recipients consume much of its tax revenue. – The old class warfare notions have become more and more inapplicable. However, we still have the rulers and the ruled, the net tax payers and the net tax recipients and a kind of new class, (*) in East and West, closer to power and the common trough and with all too much decision-making power over the rest of the population, sometimes under the pretence that they have a genuine mandate through majority voting for all of their very diverse, costly and often even contradictory actions. – Let those, who think that they are badly or wrongly ruled – secede and form their own alternative communities, exterritorially autonomous, under personal laws, to try to do better for themselves. – (*) Djilas, The New Class. - JZ, 5.7.08, 10.4.09. – VOTING, MANDATE, MAJORITIES, REPRESENTATION, TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM: GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT WITHOUT A TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY
STATE: the parasitic nature of the State enterprise itself.” - Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.53.
STATE: The paternalistic state can find itself employing methods which only serve to support its own existence as a political structure but which have no practical function either in economic or humanistic terms. By reinforcing this structure, our governments continue to protect themselves while doing actual damage to the country’s chances of economic recovery. By increasing the fantasy quotient in political life (and recent jingoistic nationalism does just that) it allows a more successful and elaborate avoidance of reality.” – Michael Moorcock, The Retreat from Liberty. – TERRITORIALISM, WELFARE STATE, PATERNALISM.
STATE: the pernicious doctrine that ‘the State knows best.’ – John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, 6/73. – How could anyone come to believe that, especially, politicians and bureaucrats are “know-it-alls”? – JZ, 9.4.09. – How many of them do know anything e.g. about the opposite to territorial politics, the opposite to monetary despotism and the opposite to compulsory taxation? – DIS., Q., KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, STATISM
STATE: the pluralistic theory of the state …. It agrees with Mr. Zimmern that a state is a territorial society divided into government and subjects, … it makes no assumptions as to the authority a government should possess.” – H. J. Laski, The Pluralistic State, in David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, 1975, p.149. – He, too, failed to distinguish between State and society. A society has no exclusive territory and no involuntary members or subjects. – JZ, 7.8.12.
STATE: The political economist, Frederic Bastiat, is the author of perhaps the most damning definition of government ever penned: “The state is the great fiction by which everybody tries to live at the expense of everybody else.” – Dean Russell: Frederic Bastiat, Ideas and Influence, p.1. – PREJUDICES, PLUNDER, WELFARE STATE
STATE: The political territorial State is either a perversion or even a rape of free societies. – JZ, 26.5.93.
STATE: The positive testimony of history is that the State invariably had its origin in conquest and confiscation. No primitive State known to history originated in any other manner.” - Albert Jay Nock. - ORIGIN, HISTORY, CONQUEST, CONFISCATION
STATE: The primary aim of territorial States is not to satisfy their compulsory members and subjects, the consumers of their “services”, but, rather, the monopolistic interests of the suppliers of governmental “services”. – Always under the pretence of acting in the name of the people, for the common good, in the public interest. But that is just the camouflage or propaganda lie of these robber barons, exploiters and “democratic” and “representative” despots. - JZ, 10.2.97, 27.5.08. – POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, REPRESENTATIVES, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The primary purpose of the State is the retention and extension of its power, not the production of things; in the latter field it simply has no competence.” - Frank Chodorov, One is a Crowd, p.162. – It has no competence in the provision of any genuine services, for the simple reason that it is not sufficiently exposed to competition, if at all. – JZ, 4.6.08, 10.4.09. – POWER
STATE: The private boss, whom you can hire or fire (for yourself), is relatively harmless. He is your servant, not your master. You exchange with him. But the politicians and bureaucrats, their laws and institutions, are not individually “hired” by you, nor can you fire them, as far as your own affairs are concerned or secede from them. – JZ, 2.9.75, 1.7.08, 10.4.09. - CAPITALISM, BOSSES, PRIVATE ONES, VS. POLITICIANS & BUREAUCRATS, SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUALISM, PANARCHISM, LAWS, CAPITALISM, CORPORATIONS, COMPETITION, TERRITORIALISM, DIS.
STATE: The process of establishing and maintaining a State makes a lot of enemies.” – Erwin Strauss, THE CONNECTION 90, 1980, p.36. – I assert that this applies only to territorial States. Exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers would tend, as a rule, to make a lot of friends and allies, or at least achieve tolerance or neutrality towards their self-concerned and self-responsible activities. – JZ, 4.7.08. – PANARCHISM, ENEMIES, FRIENDS, ALLIES, TOLERANCE, NEUTRALITY, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, IMPOSED VS. VOLUNTARY EXPERIMENTS
STATE: The prosperity of each territorial State means the corresponding poverty or impoverishment of its territorial subjects. Its victims mostly get disservices rather than services, even when they are foolish enough to consider them to be genuine services. The better off the politicians and bureaucrats are the worse off will be their subjects. – JZ, 61.11.96, 11.6.08.
STATE: The question is not how far we have come in spite of the State and against it, but, rather, how far we would have come without it, the great obstacle to progress and for all culture, and where we could get without it.” – John Henry Mackay (Die Frage is nicht die, wie weit wir trotz des Staates und gegen ihn gekommen sind, sondern wie weit wir ohne ihn, den grossen Hemmer allen Fortschritts und aller Kultur, waeren, und wohin wir gelangen koennen ohne ihn.)
STATE: The question is: What would a society be like IF the State renounced the use of force against individuals?” - Eric B. Lindsay, in GEGENSCHEIN. - I would add: "who are not criminals with victims". - JZ - RENUNCIATION OF FORCE, VOLUNTARISM, TOLERANCE, EXTERRITORIALITY, SECESSION, Q.
STATE: The reactionary tendencies of both liberals and conservatives today show clearly in their willingness to cede, to the state or the community, power far beyond the protection of liberty against violence. For different purposes, both see the state as an instrument not protecting man’s freedom but either instructing or restricting how that freedom is to be used.” – Karl Hess, Death of Politics, p.5. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, LIBERALS, CONSERVATIVES
STATE: The role of the State is to coercively and monopolistically mismanage society in a whole territory, for the benefit of a few power addicts and their voluntary followers, always under the pretence of representing the common good or the public interest of the whole population. – Party rule, party discipline and special interest groups see to that. - JZ, 5.8.91, 1.7.08.
STATE: the root of all evil is the State.” – Leo Tolstoy, Civil Disobedience, p.248. – There are some private people, who are evil without the help or command of the State. At most these private criminals with victims can say that they were influenced by the bad examples set the territorial States. – JZ, 5.7.08, 13.4.09, 7.8.12. – DIS.
STATE: The scarlet thread running through the thoughts and actions of people all over the world is the delegation of great problems to all-absorbing Leviathan – the state. … Every time that we try to lift a problem to the government, to the same extent we are sacrificing the liberties of the people.” – John F. Kennedy, BOSTON POST, April 23, 1950. – SACRIFICES, PEOPLE. – As President he managed to double the nuclear arsenal of the USA, i.e., is anti-people “weapons” or mass murder devices. To that extent his assassination can be considered as a tyrannicide action. However, other “great leaders” deserved such an execution even more so and also for the same reason. – JZ, 3.7.08, 10.3.11.
STATE: the scoundrel and the swindler will remain, top and bottom. The reason: because the state itself has become the biggest swindler and crook. A robber’s state! …” - Adolf Hitler, Feb. 1923, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 2/1978. – Hitler demonstrated this very well, not only with massive robberies and enslavement but also with some of the greatest mass murders. – JZ, 23.10.08. – Anyone quoting this, in public, after January 1933 to May 1945, in Germany, was likely to end up in a concentration camp. – A typical case of “the pot calling the kettle black!” - JZ, 13.4.09. - LEADERSHIP & “LEADERSHIP-PRINCIPLE”.
STATE: The servile State?” The territorial State is not servile. It hasn’t been nor will it ever be. But it forces us to be servile to it. – JZ, 15.5.87, 29.6.08. – SERVILITY, PUBLIC SERVICES, BUREAUCRACY, OFFICIALS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The single definition of government I've ever seen that makes sense is that it's the organization which claims the right to kill people who won't do what it wants.” - Poul Anderson, The Avatar, p.27. - AS KILLER
STATE: The smallest and most inoffensive state is still criminal in its dreams.” – Michael Bakunin.
STATE: The Society that will organize production on the basis of free and equal associations of producers will put the whole state machine where it will then belong: into the Museum of Antiquities, by the side of the spinning wheel and the bronze axe.” – Friedrich Engels, Origins of the Family, Private Property and the State, in Marx & Engels, Selected Works, II, p.322. – Some of the modern false prophets have caused even more wrongs and harm than some of the ancient ones. – JZ, 2.7.08. – Being the son of a manufacturer and having been engaged in a business career, seems to have taught him, too, all too little about free enterprise, property rights and free exchange. Did he envision, anywhere, free but unequal producers of goods and services, freely competing for the custom of sovereign customers, even when it comes to services now monopolized by territorial States? Did he have productive coops in mind? Such vague formulas can hide all kinds of muddled “thinking” and quite false notions of equality and freedom. – JZ, 7.8.12. – DIS., Q., SOCIETY, FREEDOM, EQUALITY
STATE: The State – an abstraction which swallows the life of the people, a vast graveyard within which all genuine hopes, all living forces of a country have let themselves faithfully and generously slaughtered and buried.” – Bakunin. – JZ tr. of: “Der Staat – eine Abstraktion, die das Leben des Volkes verschlingt, ein unermesslicher Friedhof, auf dem … alle wahren Hoffnungen, alle Lebenskraefte eines Landes grosszuegung und andaechtig sich haben hinschlachten und begraben lassen.” – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, MONOPOLISM
STATE: The State – the great killing machine, unemotional, illogical, untruthful, domineering, usurping, repressing, unreasonable, murderous and destructive. You can’t reason with it and it allows no one to opt out from under its power. – At best it permits some to emigrate. – JZ, 9.7.88, 1.7.08.
STATE: the State … an inhuman dis-service agency.” – Laurance Labadie, DISCUSSION No. 6, Sept. 1937, p. 17. – (I have still to see a complete set of this magazine of his. – Has anyone put it online in the meantime? - JZ, 1.7.08.)
STATE: The State … is a block to freedom.” - Paul Berman, in the introduction to his: Quotations from the Anarchists.
STATE: The State … is a social (*) institution, forced by a victorious group of men on a defeated group (**), with the sole purpose of regulating the dominion of the victorious group over the vanquished, and securing itself against revolt from within and attacks from abroad. Teleologically, this domination had no other purpose than the economic exploitation of the vanquished by the victors.” – Franz Oppenheimer, The State, New York, 1922, p.15, quoted in LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, Winter 70, editorial, p.3. - (*) An anti-social institution! – (**) Many different defeated groups. - JZ, 4.7.08.
STATE: the state … is the only historical institution which has the monopoly of force (*). This is the main source of all our present-day troubles.” – Bronislaw Malinowski, Freedom and Civilization, p.265. - (*) In an exclusive territory. Without this it could have it only among consenting volunteers, in “panarchies” or competing governments, societies and communities, all confined to personal laws and exterritorial autonomy. – JZ, 29.7.92.
STATE: the State … its black historical record as the great engine of invasive violence.” – Charles Barr, REASON, 3/72.
STATE: the State (involuntary government) …” - Samuel Edward Konkin III, Libertarian Conspiracy Theory. – VOLUNTARY GOVERNMENT, COMPETING GOVERNMENT, PANARCHISM, INCLUDING ALL KINDS OF ANARCHIES
STATE: The State (or government) is in its very nature a compulsory institution to which all are forced to belong to and which all are compelled to support.” (26-2 ) . – Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted in (25-2) Carl Watner, Benjamin Tucker and his Periodical, LIBERTY, in JLS, Fall 77. – In another version: “The State is a compulsory institution to which all are forced to belong and which all are compelled to support.” – COMPULSION, TAXATION, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: the state (that is the central and local bureaucrats and politicians) pretends to be more 'public' than the people at large.” - Gian Pietro de Bellis, in his 2002 book manuscript on Polyarchy, 2002. – The territorial States do not permit, in those spheres which they have monopolized, any existing common or public interest to be expressed by volunteers and voluntary associations and activities but, rather, have outlawed all such competitions, calling them “States within States”, just like trade unionists, who try to monopolize jobs, call voluntary workers and competitors “scabs”. – 5.4.09. - VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP WITH FREE SECESSIONISM FROM ALL ORGANIZATIONS & SYSTEMS, LAWS & CONSTITUTIONS, GOVERNMENTS & COMMUNITIES, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM IN ALL SPHERES, PANARCHISM, PUBLIC, PEOPLE, BUREAUCRACY, POLITICIANS, MANDATE, PUBLIC INTEREST, COMMON INTEREST, GENERAL INTEREST
STATE: The State actually creates an uncaring society.” – From FOREST meeting, 26.7.90.
STATE: The state always goes from good to bad, and from bad to worse.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted from Martin’s “Men Against the State”. – When and where was it ever good? – JZ, 5.7.08. – Q.
STATE: The state always has the sole purpose to limit, tame, subordinate, the individual – to make him subject to some generality or other. – Max Stirner, The Ego and His Own, 1845. As quoted by H. L. Mencken.
STATE: The State always moves slowly and grudgingly towards any purpose that accrues to society's advantage, but moves rapidly and with alacrity towards one that accrues to its own advantage; nor does it ever move towards social purposes on its own initiative, but only under heavy pressure, while its motion towards anti-social purposes is self-sprung.” - Albert Jay Nock. –
STATE: The State amounts to legalized and institutionalized prejudice, intolerance, coercion, bullying and robbery, including terrorism, civil war and international war, and produces more of the same in reaction to it, all based on the unchecked premises of territorialism and collective responsibility. - JZ, 12.6.01, 30.1.02.
STATE: The State amounts to the monopolization of problem solving by politicians and bureaucrats and their organizations, all of them unable to solve problems but all of them able to create and maintain them. – JZ, 14.6.87, 29.6.08.
STATE: The State and I are enemies. I laugh about its demand to be a human being in its sense. – John Henry Mackay, Stirner, p.143.
STATE: The State and the family are for ever at war.” – George Moore, The Bending of the Bough, Act i. – FAMILY
STATE: the state as the political instrument of privileged minorities in society for the rulership of the great masses.” - Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.142. – RULERS, MASSES, PRIVILEGES
STATE: The State attempts monopolization – but it does not always succeed in establishing monopoly.” – Michael Green, 18.12.90.
STATE: The State being what it is, it matters little who holds office and wields its inordinate powers.” – Edmund A. Opitz, in reviewing Nock’s “Our Enemy the State”, in THE FREEMAN, 6/74.
STATE: The State by its existence divides society into a plundered class and a plundering class. (Nock, Rothbard, Oppenheimer.)” – Samuel Edward Konkin III, NEW LIBERTARIAN 7, April-June 1980, p.4.
STATE: The state calls its own violence law, but that of the individual crime.” – Max Stirner. – He should have added that genuine private criminals do have victims, too, but all their crimes amount to only a fraction of those committed by territorial governments - and territorial States offer quite insufficient protection against the private criminals. – JZ, 26.9.07. - They also offer no protection against the official crimes which they commit, without or after their legalization. – JZ,5.4.09. - CRIME, VIOLENCE & LAWS
STATE: The State came to assert its supremacy over all its people, admitting no rival to the authority of its government.” – F. A. E. Crew, Must Man Wage War? Thrift Books, London, 1952, p.27. – In other words, the State has become a jealous God, demanding an exclusive love and obedience from its subjects. – JZ, 29.6.08. – TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM, COERCION
STATE: The state can be and has often been in the course of history the main source of mischief and disaster.” - Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.47. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The state can’t exist without an elaborate penal system.” – Solzhenitsyn, First Circle, p.51. – But it rests on more than that! – JZ, 12.12.76. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, DIS.
STATE: The State cannot rightly prevent me or other people to decide for Alternatives to it, to do without it and its benefits.” - Uwe Timm, Gesammelte Schriften, S. 208. – Alas, the remaining private “decision-making” power does not go far enough beyond “Die Gedanken sind frei …” (The thoughts are free …) – JZ, 11.10.07. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, LAWS, WHILE SECESSION & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTARISM OR EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL IN EVERY SPHERE, REMAIN SUPPRESSED.
STATE: The State claims and exercises the monopoly of crime” in a given territorial area.“ It forbids private murder, but itself organizes murder on a colossal scale. It punishes private theft, but itself lays unscrupulous hands on anything it wants, whether the property of citizen or alien.” – Albert Jay Nock, On Doing the Right Thing & Other Essays, 1928, p.143. quoted by some other libertarian. - CRIME, WAR & TAXATION
STATE: The State consists of a number of people who, having somehow got hold of it, make use of the machinery of coercion to the end that they might pursue their vision of happiness without respect to the discipline of the market place. They batten on Society. Taking into consideration the paraphernalia of coercion – laws, propaganda, and the police – the State might be called an institution; but at bottom it is a gang of people.” – Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.99.
STATE: The state corrupts our instincts and will, as well as our intelligence.” – Bakunin, in Maurice Cranston, Political Dialogues, p.129. – (Artificially constructed but plausible “dialogues” between some famous people. – JZ)
STATE: The State denotes violence, oppression, exploitation, and injustice raised into a system and made into the cornerstone of the existence of any society.” - Michael Bakunin, Federalism, Socialism, and Anti-Theologism, 1867.
STATE: The State did not appear until about 5500 years ago in Egypt. While great empires like those of the Chinese and Romans ebbed and flowed, with no clear boundaries on their outer limits, most of the world’s population continue to live in clans or tribes. Their conduct was regulated by customs and taboos; they had no laws, political administration, courts, or police to maintain order and cohesion.” – Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.17. – But one could also say that they had unwritten rules and laws that were orally transmitted and also their own settlement methods for disputes, however primitive or barbaric. – JZ, 4.6.08. - ANARCHISM, STATELESSNESS, SOCIETY, TERRITORIALISM, CLANS, TRIBES, PERSONAL LAW
STATE: The State didn’t “develop” or “grow” but was and is territorially imposed. – JZ, 16.9.87, 11.3.11.
STATE: The State does not exist as a person or thing exists, but is a legal fiction. A fiction is a form of communication. …” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus II, p.73. - And people do act upon the fictional ideas that dominate in their unenlightened minds, more often and more firmly than upon any genuine truth. - They build churches and develop worship rituals to honour non-existing gods and they build States and their institutions in realization of their statist religion, in which supposedly great leaders but really only great mis-leaders, take at least temporarily the place of their former gods. - JZ, 11.3.11. – STATISM, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, DELUSIONS
STATE: The State does not originate from the ‘instinct to associate’ but from the ‘instinct to rule’. – Ascribed to Bertrand de Jouvenal, On Power, Boston, 1962, p.99. – Also from the slavish instinct to submit and obey. Those who did not, while they were slaves or serfs, has much less chance to have offspring. – A negative selection took place. - JZ, 10.4.09.
STATE: The State does not work.” – FOREST meeting, 26.7.90. – But it can make much unnecessary and unpaid work for you. – JZ, 5.8.92. – It can also put you out of work. – JZ, 30.6.08. - DIS.
STATE: The state even has contingency plans figuring out how it will operate in the chaos that follows atomic war. Think of it – that’s like a hi-jacker with schemes on what he’ll do after he blows the plane’s wings off.” – Fred Woodworth, THE MATCH, No.76. – But, by its very nature, as a warfare State and target for super “weapons” it has no sensible plans on how to prevent nuclear war. The territorial State is unable to abolish itself. Its victims must do this job themselves. – One should imagine that the nuclear war threat alone would already be enough to overcome the statism of the victims. Alas, so far, they remain mis-educated and misled by the State - in this respect, too. - JZ, 4.6.08. - EMERGENCY LAWS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT
STATE: The State exists in a permanent crisis in which it loudly appeals to its subjects to save, while the most sensible measure to save would consist for them in saving themselves the government.” - Uwe Timm, Gesammelte Schriften, S.208. – Here U. T. should have pointed out that the State itself, via taxation and inflation has made much saving either impossible or unattractive. Without this prior and wrongful interventionism and expropriation, savings would tend to accumulate very fast in any free economy. – JZ, 14.9.07. – And imagine how much people could save and invest profitably or spend as they like, if there were not taxes. – No territorial State offers the chances for genuine progress options to all its subjects, unrestrained by it but only by natural laws and genuine individual rights and liberties. - Any fundamental self-help measures against major crises caused by territorial States are also outlawed by these States, which have monopolized any major decision-making and measures for themselves, even while they continue to demonstrate, almost every day, that they cannot cope with the many problems they have caused. - JZ, 11.10.07. 11.3.11. - APPEALS TO SAVE. SAVING WHILE THE STATE WASTES TAX FUNDS & LIVES & INFLATES ITS CURRENCY?
STATE: The State habitually commits mass murder, which it calls ‘war’, or sometimes ‘suppression of subversion’; the State engages in enslavement into its military forces, which it calls ‘conscription’; and it lives and has its being in the practice of forcible theft, which it calls ‘taxation’.“ - Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.10.
STATE: the State has (*) everywhere and always prevented natural free-market mechanisms from operating. (**) Thus the problems of ecology, unemployment, overpopulation, poverty and so forth.” - Roy A. Childs, Jr., INDIVIDUALIST, III/10, Oct. 71, p.17. - (*) almost. – (**) … quite freely. - JZ, 11.3.11.
STATE: The State has always only the aim to restrict the individual, to tame him, to subordinate him, to turn him into some kind of common subject.” – Stirner. – JZ tr. of: “Der Staat hat immer nur den Zweck, den Einzelnen zu beschraenken, zu baendigen, zu subordinieren, ihn in irgendeinen allgemeinen Untertan zu machen.”
STATE: The State has always turned into a hell when man tried to turn it into his heaven.” – Hoelderlin - DO-GOODERS, WELFARE STATE, THE STATE SOCIALIST “PARADISE”
STATE: The state has become an arbitrary and coercive force in our lives.” – Simon Upton, The Withering of the State, 1987, p.116. - It always was! – Freedom for exterritorialist autonomy of individual and group secessionists: Panarchist choices of governments and societies, all without any territorial monopoly. Free and peaceful choice and competition in this sphere as well. - JZ, 12.9.08. – SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAWS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM
STATE: The state has become tremendously powerful, superior, and has practically ceased to serve the people or the country. It only serves itself, it is by now an end-in-itself – far more important than the individual. Whereas exactly the opposite should have been the case.” - Kevork Ajemian, The Fallacy of Modern Politics, Books International, PO Box 6096, McLean, Virginia 22106, 1986, Tel. (703) 821-8900, p.185. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The state has learned to present its political stratagems with a skill that could be envied by private enterprise, though not emulated because only the state can flavour its advertising with unabashed claims to universal benevolence.” – Ralph Harris and Arthur Seldon, Not from Benevolence, p. 42. – ADVERTISING, PROPAGANDA, WELFARE STATE, WARFARE STATE
STATE: The state has long had a habit of also using every occasion to do a little good as an opportunity to advance a great deal of evil.” – Rev. Rousas Johnn Rushdoony, in Chalcedon Position Paper 38.
STATE: The State has no moral right to prevent competitive agencies of retaliatory force from existing.” – Jarret B. Wollstein, Society Without Government. – Freely competing agencies of preventative and protective force or influence would be much more rightful and useful, also much cheaper to maintain. – JZ, 5.7.08, 7.8.12. – PANARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS & OTHER SOCIETIES OF VOLUNTEERS, UNDER PERSONAL LAWS
STATE: the State has no role – except to delay things, to play God and show off its power.” – NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY 3, Oct. 9, 77. - And all too many popular errors, prejudices, myths, dogmas, false assumptions and conclusions, all of them not yet systematically and sufficiently refuted, e.g. by an encyclopedia of their best refutations. - JZ, 11.3.11. – DIS.
STATE: The State has not business, mandate, reason or function. It has only power, guns and delusions. – JZ, 5.8.91, 1..7.08.
STATE: The State has put us into a state! – JZ, 30.7.85.
STATE: The state has typically been a device for producing affluence for a few at the expense of many. The market has produced affluence for many with little cost even to a few.” – Brozen, Welfare Without the Welfare State, p.52, quoted in Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.190.
STATE: The State in its inception is pure and undiluted monarchy; it is armed power, culminating in a single head, bent on one primary object, the reducing to subjection, to unconditional unqualified loyalty all the people of a certain territory. This is the primary striving that the State never loses, through all of its myriad transformations.” – Randolph Bourne, quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.562. - TERRITORIALISM, POWER URGE & POWER ADDICTION
STATE: The State indeed performs many important and necessary functions: from provision of law to the supply of police and fire-fighters, to building and maintaining the streets, the delivery of the mail. But this in no way demonstrates that only the State can perform such functions, or, indeed, that it performs them even passably well. - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.161. - TERRITORIALISM MEANS THE SUPPRESSION OF RIGHTFUL AND EFFICIENT EXTERRITORIAL COMPETITION BY VOLUNTEERS.
STATE: the state is … subject to the Malthusian Law. It tends to pass the level of its means of existence, it grows great in proportion to these means and these means consist of the people’s substance. Woe, then, to those nations who are unable to set bounds to the action of the government! Liberty, private enterprise, wealth, thrift, independence, all will be wanting in such circumstances.” – Bastiat, Economic Sophisms, p.123. – In another version this or a similar passage is given in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat – A Man Alone, p.239, in the following words: “The state … is subject to the Malthusian law. It tends to expand in proportion to the means of existence and to live beyond its means, and these are, in the last analysis, nothing but the substance of the people. Woe to the people that cannot limit the sphere of action of the state! Freedom, private enterprise, wealth, happiness, independence, personal dignity, all vanish.” - - The only population that Malthus’s overpopulation theory applies to is that of politicians, bureaucrats and their supporters and favourites for hand-outs or subsidies. – JZ, 12.7.92, 7.8.12. - - Only through compulsory membership and subordination, i.e., exclusive territorial rule, does the State succeed in driving out or preventing the good alternatives to it. – JZ, 14.6.86, 7.8.12. - It can do so only because its exclusive territorialism gives it a kind of legal tender power, whereby it drives out all better alternatives. – JZ, 29.6.08. – TERRITORIALISM, MALTHUSIANISM, GRESHAM’S LAW, LEGAL TENDER & THE STATE, OVERPOPULATION, PANARCHISM
STATE: The State is a compulsory monopoly in which payment is separated from receipt of services. – Murray N. Rothbard, Power and Market, p.106. – TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION
STATE: The State is a condition, a certain relationship between human beings, a mode of behaviour; we destroy it by contracting other relationships, by behaving differently." - G. Landauer, Beginners (*) Aufsaetze ueber Sozialismus, repr. Hilversum, 1977, p. 53. - In Holterman, Law in Anarchism, 6. – (*) Beginnen? Beginnings? - PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS
STATE: The State is a confidence trick in which the one hand gives something back of what the other hand has taken. - K. H. Z. Solneman (K. H. Zube), LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 2, S.27.
STATE: The State is a device for systematically mismanaging private and public affairs of individuals and of voluntary groups, restricting and misdirecting their creative energies and initiating and promoting their destructive energies. – JZ, 19.1.86.
STATE: The State is a dream of order, an order that really amounts to a nightmare. – A free wording after the pocket-book title by Friederike Roth, “Ordnungstraeume”, SL 520, price DM 7.80 in 1984. One might also translate the title as “Utopian Dreams”. – JZ, 1.12.87.
STATE: The state is a force incarnate. Worse, it is the silly parading of force. It never seeks to prevail by persuasion. (*) Whenever it thrusts its finger into anything it does so in the most unfriendly way. Its essence is command and compulsion.” – Michael Bakunin. – (*) It also tries costly and misleading propaganda, partly successfully. – JZ, 2.1.08. - AS FORCE, COERCION, COMPULSION, FORCE, VIOLENCE, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The State is a forced association, in contrast to a free association. What it means … is … not the defensive force against aggression but, rather, aggressive forced against non-aggressive individuals and groups. – K. H. Z. Solneman ( K. H. Zube ), Manifesto of Freedom and Peace, p.122. – www.butterbach.net/epinfo/The_Manifesto.htm
STATE: The State is a historical and transitional phenomenon, a passing form of society.” – Bakunin – So far it has shown more longevity power than the various free society attempts that it strangled. – JZ, 10.4.09.
STATE: The State is a legally protected interference with the private lives of its citizens.” – Werner Mitsch – JZ tr. of: “Der Staat ist eine gesetzlich geschuetzte Einmischung in das Privatleben seiner Buerger.”
STATE: The state is a monster, and we, the people, are its victims”, he wrote. “It is none the less an evil because (*) sanctioned by the majority.” – William Holmes, quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.266. – (*) it is?
STATE: The State is a principle, a philosophical error in social existence.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted in LIBERTY, Summer 74.
STATE: The State is a product of conquest. As far back as we have any knowledge of the beginnings of this institution, it originated when a band of freebooting nomads swooped down on some peaceful group of agriculturalists and picked up a number of slaves; slavery is the first form of economic exploitation.” – Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.47. – SLAVERY, CONQUEST, EXPLOITATION
STATE: The State is a thief disguised as a friend.” – Gilbert T. Sadler, Our Enemy the State, p.72.
STATE: The State is always armed and dangerous; and even when it is feeding the hungry and caring for the sick, it is doing so with money taken at gunpoint.” – DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP 10, p. 13. – WELFARE STATE, TAXATION
STATE: The State is always on its own side.” – From film: “The Little Train Robbery.”
STATE: The state is an absorptive animal (*): and there are few more amazing tracts of history than that which records its triumphs over the challenge of competing groups. There seems, at least today, no certain method of escape from its demands. (**) Its conscience is supreme over any private conception of good the individual may hold. (***) It sets the terms upon which the lives of trade-unions may be lived (****). It dictates their doctrine to churches (*****), and, in England at least, it was a state tribunal which, as Lord Westbury said, dismissed hell with costs. (*** ***) The area of its enterprise has consistently grown (*** ****) until today there is no field of human activity over which, in some degree, its pervading influence (**** ****) may not be detected. – H. J. Laski, The Pluralist State, in: David Nicholls, editor, The Pluralist State, 1975, p.146 - - (*) Rather, a beast of prey! – - (**) The methods exist – but they are all outlawed by it! - - (***) Is it really? In which moral or ethical ways? I can see only its power without conscience! – (****) Trade unions are, after all, also wrongful conspiracies against producers and consumers, especially against competitors to the trade unionists. – (*****) By now only within a few States. – (*** ***) Unclear to me. – (Charges against hell dismissed, with costs to be born by the accusers? – JZ, 7.8.12) - (*** ****) An inept expression for its diverse usurpations. – (**** ****) More than mere “influence” is involved, namely: legalized and monopolized coercion, outlawing self-defence against it. - JZ, 1.7.08. – Its triumph was one of territorial monopolism and coercion, which outlawed genuine competition with it by communities of volunteers, exterritorially quite autonomous from it. – Already its tax burden alone would have made many free competitor successful against it. – In the absence of competition or of cooperative defence among its victims, the biggest bully wins. - JZ, 2.7.08, 10.4.09. – PANARCHISM, COMPETITION, DIS.
STATE: The State is an abstraction devouring the life of the people.” – Michael Bakunin, Letters on Patriotism, 1869. – PEOPLE, PATRIOTISM, NATIONALISM, WAR, TYRANNY
STATE: The State is an abstraction; it does not feel pleasure or pain, it has no hopes or fears, and what we think of as its purposes are really the purposes of individuals who direct it. When we think concretely, not abstractly, we find, in place of ‘the State’, certain people who have more power than falls to the share of most men. And so glorification of ‘the State’ runs out to be, in fact, glorification of a governing minority. No democrat can tolerate such a fundamentally unjust theory.” – Bertrand Russell, Authority and the Individual, p.88. – RULERS, REPRESENTATIVES, POLITICIANS, POLITICAL LEADERS, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS
STATE: The State is an anti-market institution, a territorial, centralized and coercive monopoly authority, existing to satisfy itself and not its involuntary customers and victims, ever ready to exploit even kill its involuntary subjects and the subjects of other States. It is, essentially, a Warfare State. – Only once it is deprived of its territorial monopoly and power and confined to voluntary subjects and exterritorial autonomy and personal laws can it become a genuine service institution, satisfying its own voluntary members. - JZ, 21.1.98, 27.5.08. – PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM
STATE: the State is an anti-social instrument, crippling voluntary interchange, individual creativity, and the division of labor. “Society” is a convenient label for the voluntary interrelations of individuals, in peaceful exchanges and on the market.” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.187. - SOCIETY
STATE: the State is an anti-social organization, originating in conquest and concerned only with the confiscation of property. The State began with the practice of nomadic tribes swooping down on some agricultural community, confiscating the movable wealth and, after slaying the less productive inhabitants, carrying off to slavery a number of others. Slavery is the first institution of the State. Later on, the raiding tribesmen, sometimes by invitation, would settle down among the producers as “protectors” and administrators, collecting tributes for their pains. …” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.147. – “ … the State is an anti-social organization, originating in conquest and concerned only with confiscating production.” – Frank Chodorov, in ANALYSIS.
STATE: The State is an endless bureaucratic jungle behind a façade of democracy.” – Progress Party, Australia, 1978, in a leaflet on totalitarian socialism.
STATE: The state is an historically temporary arrangement, a transitory form of society.” – M. A. Bakunin, Dieu et l’état, 1871. – It is not a form of society but, rather, a parasite or cancer on society. – JZ, 6.11.85.
STATE: The State is an institution empowered by society to use violence.” – Radio Moscow, 11.12.93. – That would be the case only for voluntary and competing States that are merely exterritorially autonomous. And not violence but defensive force can be justified. What kind of “society” would have granted that power was not specified by Radio Moscow. Any collective force can only be granted by free individuals possessing the right to self-defence, not by the vague notion of “society”. The territorial State as such is so wrongful an institution that it can no more have the right of “self-defence” than a murderer or robber has it against policemen coming to arrest him. – JZ, n.d. & 4.6.08. – CONSENT, SOVEREIGNTY, SOCIETY, VIOLENCE, FORCE, DEFENCE, TERRITORIALISM VS. VOLUNTARY & EXTERRITORIALLY AUTONOMOUS SELF-GOVERNMENT FOR VOLUNTEERS.
STATE: The State is an institution which makes the better people angry and does not better the worse people.” – Jeannine Luczak – JZ tr. of: “Der Staat ist eine Institution, welche die Besseren aergert und die Aegeren nicht bessert.”
STATE: The state is an instrument in the hands of the ruling class for suppressing the resistance of its class enemies.” – Joseph Stalin. – Did Stalin really represent any class, any group, except himself? – JZ, 1.7.08. – Q. – REPRESENTATION, TOTALITARIANISM
STATE: The State is an organism.” - By analogy, yes, but only in the same way as a parasite or a cancer is organic and natural. – JZ, 2.9.85.
STATE: The State is an organized immorality – internally: as police, penal laws, classes, trade, family, externally as the will to power, to make war, to conquer and retaliate.” – Nietzsche – JZ tr. of: “Der Staat ist die organisierte Unmoralitaet – inwendig: als Polizei, Strafrecht, Staende, Handel, Familie; auswendig: als Wille zur Macht, zum Kriege, zur eroberung, zur Rache.” ) - IMMORALITY
STATE: The State is an uncontrolled and involuntary parasitic growth and destroyer, somewhat like a cancer. But it is not a living organism. Only societies or communities of volunteers can be somewhat compared to living organisms. – JZ, 10.4.93.
STATE: The State is attacking and restricting our liberties on so many fronts, 24 hours a day, that one usually feels hopelessly surrounded and outnumbered. But billions are in the same position. – JZ, 17.7.87. – Between them they vastly outnumber the relatively few rulers who deprived them of many of their rights and liberties. However, an almost bloodless but effective resistance, liberation, revolution or insurrection will not happen without a lot of preparatory thinking, enlightenment, organization, communication and training. – JZ, 1.7.08. – So far there has been shown almost no interest in that approach. One can condemn the totalitarian communists on most points. However, they did take themselves seriously enough to prepare themselves for their kinds of “revolutions” by developing a program which made it possible for them, with only about 5 to 10% of the population on their side, to take over any government. Then, as victors, they would tend to make matters worse with their kind of intolerant ideology and its practice. – Rightful revolutionaries and reformers should, by now, have developed a much more rightful revolution, liberation, peace, justice, progress and prosperity program. But have they or have they agreed on one? - JZ, 7.8.12. - PANARCHISM & INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM WILL BE ESSENTIAL PARTS OF ANY SUCH PROGRAM
STATE: The State is chaos, rioting under the guise of law, order and morality.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted in LIBERTY, Summer 1974.
STATE: The State is clinically insane as a corporate entity and is absolutely unfit to arrest, try and incarcerate those who disagree with its policies. But I doubt that this judgment, though obvious to any man of common sense, quite fits into the rules of our American jurisprudential game.” – Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus II, p.72.
STATE: The State is concentric, but the individual is eccentric.” – Robert Anton Wilson, Masks of the Illuminati, p.40. – CENTRALIZATION VS. DECENTRALIZATION, COERCION VS. FREEDOM, COMPULSION VS. CHOICE, TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY
STATE: The State is domination institutionalized, carried to its inevitable and violent extreme by its indispensable arsenal of armies, prisons, and police.” – Paul Berman, in the introduction to his Quotations from the Anarchists, p.16. – DOMINATION, GOVERNMENT
STATE: The State is essentially a communistic institution. An anti-communist State is a contradiction in terms. – JZ, 15.4.85. – COMMUNISM, ANTI-COMMUNISM
STATE: The state is essentially an apparatus of compulsion and coercion. The characteristic feature of its activities is to compel people through the application or the threat of force to behave otherwise than they would like to behave.” – Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973) - He had no other than the territorial State in mind. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. - COMPULSION & COERCION, FORCE, TERRITORIALISM, VIOLENCE
STATE: The State is force incarnate. Worse, it is the silly parading of force. It never seeks to prevail by persuasion. Whenever it thrusts its finger into anything, it does so in the most unfriendly way. Its essence its command and compulsion.” – Mikhail A. Bakunin, Dieu et l’état, 1871. – Governmental propaganda and “education” do exist as well. – It also dominates via subsidies, or bail-outs, based upon taxation and inflation, both made possible by monetary and financial despotism. - JZ, 29.6.08, 13.4.09.
STATE: The State is force; nay, it is the silly parading of force. However many pains it may take, it cannot conceal the fact that it is the legal maimer of our will, the constant negation of our liberty. Even when it commands good, it makes the value less by commanding it, for every command slaps liberty in the face.” - Mikhail A. Bakunin, Polnoye Sobraniye Sochinenii, I, pp. 17-18. - FORCE, ANARCHISM, LEGALISM, LAWS
STATE: The State Is Illegal.” – Dangerous Buttons No. 356. – Add something like: I have not legitimized it – to act for me! – JZ, 29.1.86, 7.8.12.
STATE: The state is men. To cover up that disturbing fact, the doctrine of the super-personal state is invented; it is more than human, it exists distinct from the people who staff it. That fiction is given plausibility by clothing it with constitutions, laws, and litanies, like “my country right or wrong”. A religion of authoritarianism is build up around an idol.”- Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.124. - Organized, armed and trained men, working according to a plan, are usually far superior in power to large crowds that are not organized, trained, armed and do not work systematically according to a common plan. Thus small groups of the former can easily and militarily or with police methods control large groups of the latter, as already Adam Smith recognized and described by examples. – How often does one get the chance to fight city hall or the tax department successfully or defend one’ s basic rights and liberties in a government court? - JZ, 2.7.08. – INDIVIDUALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, AUTHORITARIANISM
STATE: The state is merely a political institution. People invented it. There is nothing sacred or inevitable about its existence.” – Laurence Kroder, Formation of the State. – Panarchies are a very superior invention. Sooner or later they will be recognized as such. – JZ, 1.7.08.
STATE: The State is merely another human institution - less creative than Microsoft, less reliable than Federal Express, less responsible than the average farmer husbanding his land, and less prudent that the average citizen, spending his own paycheck.” - James Bovard, Freedom in Chains: The Rise of the State and the Demise of the Citizen, St. Martin's Press. - VS. INDIVIDUALS, CITIZENS
STATE: The state is no longer necessary for me.” – Lyof N. Tolstoy, The Kingdom of God is Within You, 1893. – Was it ever necessary for him? – JZ, 29.6.08. - Or for anyone else except territorial politicians, bureaucrats and those favoured by them? - JZ, 11.3.11.
STATE: The State is not … a social institution administered in an anti-social way. It is an anti-social institution, administered in the only way an anti-social institution can be administered, and by the kind of person who, in the nature of things, is best adapted to such a service.” – Albert J. Nock – LEADERS, REPRESENTATIVES, POLITICIANS, RULERS, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS
STATE: The State is not a real thing; it’s a mythology … few of us have rejected the paranoid delusion of its omnipotence.” – The Wolverine, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 10.7.72. - But like other religious mythologies it has been all too effective, wrongfully and negatively, for all too long. - JZ, 11.3.11, 7.8.12.
STATE: The State is not and cannot be a faulty or ideal protector of property. By its very nature, the exclusive and territorial State is always the primary enemy of property, through its taxes, other confiscations, laws and regulations, even while it dispense some of its loot to its favourites. – JZ, 19.7.85, 11.3.11. - PROPERTY
STATE: the State is not omnipotent; … never let them forget, that the great all-powerful, all-wise State is one man, one scheming, bloated little ego-maniac.” - Tom Godwin, The Greater Thing, ASTOUNDING SF, July 1954, British edition, p.88. - NOT OMNIPOTENT, POLITICIANS, POWER, LEADERSHIP, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, REPRESENTATIVES
STATE: The State is not the source of liberty and property; these are inalienable rights …” - Wesley H. Hillendahl, THE FREEMAN, 7/74.
STATE: the State is nothing more than millions of individuals. How can the individual be nothing and the State be everything when the State is individuals?” – Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.102. – Under the territorial State the individuals are not free, e.g., not free to refuse paying taxes, not free to refuse to accept or to discount the State's legal tender currency, not free to issue sound alternative, optional and market rated monies and not free to secede from it altogether and to establish their own and exterritorially autonomous communities and societies of volunteers, for free competition with the rump States then remaining, of the voluntary statists, also only under exterritorial autonomy. The territorial State does not recognize all genuine individual rights and liberties – and has never declared all of them in its bills of rights or constitutions. For all dissenters it is an institution imposed upon them, like once the Catholic Church was once imposed upon all Christians and all non-believers and heretics. – JZ, 9.4.09, 11.3.11, 7.8.12. – Q., INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY
STATE: The State is organized exploitation, organized force, and crime. …” - Emma Goldman, “Socialism: Caught in the Political Trap”, in Alix Kates Shulman, ed. of Red Emma Speaks, p.102. – FORCE, TERRITORIALISM, COERCION, COMPULSION
STATE: The State is static invasion. It is the enabling context of Hobbes’ war of all against all.” – Don Werkheiser, to Mildred Loomis, 28.5.84 p.4.
STATE: The State is that group of people, who having got hold of the machinery of compulsion, legally or otherwise, use it to better their circumstances. … the state consists not only of politicians, but also those who make use of the politicians for their own ends … pressure groups, lobbyists and all who would wrangle special privileges out of the politicians.” – Frank Chodorov, in ANALYSIS.
STATE: The State is that human community which successfully claims for itself, within a certain territory, the legitimate monopoly for the use of physical force.” – Max Weber – JZ tr. of: “Staat is diejenige menschliche Gemeinschaft, welche innerhalb eines bestimmten Gebietes das Monopol legitimer physischer Gewaltsamkeit fuer sich (mit Erfolg ) beansprucht.”) – He, too, did not distinguish between society and the State, was not aware of the exterritorialist tradition and that a genuine community or society requires voluntarism. – JZ, 2.7.08.
STATE: The State is that institution which “claims and exercises the monopoly of crime. It forbids private murder, but itself organizes murder on a colossal scale. It punishes private theft, but itself lays unscrupulous hands on anything it wants, whether the property of citizen or alien.” – Albert Jay Nock – MURDER, CRIME, WAR, THEFT, TAXATION
STATE: The State is the cancer of society – but has not yet quite killed it off. – JZ, 4.9.84, upon reading: José Ortega y Gasset: “Society, that it may live better, creates the State as an instrument.” – DIS.
STATE: the State is the coldest, most inhuman monopolist, and if once economic dictatorship were added to the already supreme political power of the State, its iron heel would cut deeper into the flesh of labor than that of capitalism today.” - Emma Goldman, “Socialism: Caught in the Political Trap”, in Alix Kates Shulman, ed. of Red Emma Speaks, p.102. - The capitalism she opposed is really monopoly capitalism or the mixed economy. Alas, she never favoured its opposite, complete laissez faire in economics, although she came close to favouring it in politics, by her stand for voluntarism. – JZ, 10.9.08, 11.3.11. – SOCIALISM, MONOPOLIES
STATE: The State is the complete negation of humanity, a double negation: the opposite of human freedom and justice, and the violent breach of the universal solidarity of the human race.” - Michael Bakunin, Federalism, Socialism, and Anti-Theologism, 1867.
STATE: The State is the curse of the individual.” – Henrik Ibsen. (“Der Staat ist der Fluch des Individuums.”) - quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p. 521.INDIVIDUALISM
STATE: The State is the great fiction with whose help all endeavor to live at the expense of others.” – Bastiat – Another version: The state is the great fictitious entity by which everyone seeks to live at the expense of everyone else.” - Frédéric Bastiat, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03, PLUNDER-BUND, STATISM, WELFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, RULERS, , SUBSIDIES, HANDOUTS, PRIVILEGES, TAXATION, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, BUDGET, BAIL-OUTS
STATE: The State is the institutionalization of man at his worst level. – JZ, 17.3.94.
STATE: The State is the main means by which people live by plunder; the Market, in contradiction (*), is the sum of human action of the productive.” - Samuel Edward Konkin III, NEW LIBERTARIAN 7, April-June 1980. - (*) contrast? – JZ – MARKET, PLUNDER, TAXES, SERVICE, GOODS SUPPLY, PRODUCTION, VOLUNTARISM VS. COERCION
STATE: The state is the most inefficient instrument available.” – Reversal of a remark by Mark Tier in ERA REPORT No. 1, 1974. – Naturally, for the power-addicts it is the most efficient instrument available to them. – JZ, 13.4.09.
STATE: The State is the negation of mankind.” – Bakunin
STATE: The State is the only bankrupt organization allowed to pay its creditors by taxing them.” – JZ, 22.6.84. – TAXATION, BANKRUPTCY
STATE: The State is the only institution in society which is rooted in monopoly and coercion (other organizations practice monopoly and coercion, when they do, nearly always by State sanction). Let the State compete with any other “State” (in the same area) that may show itself better able to do what it promises.” – Laurance Labadie, DISCUSSION No. 6, Sep. 37, p.17. – That is probably as close as L. L. ever came to panarchism. – JZ, 1.7.08. - ANARCHISM, PANARCHISM, SOCIETY
STATE: The State is the only organization in society that acquires its revenue by means of systematic coercion and threats, rather than by selling its ‘productive services’ in the market. – R. A. Childs, Jr., INDIVIDUALIST, Oct. 71. - By that very actions the territorial State places itself as an outlaw outside of society. – JZ, 5.7.08.
STATE: the State is the permanent enemy of mankind, …” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.257.
STATE: The state is to the citizen as the master to the slave.” – Howard Zinn, Disobedience and Democracy, p.28. – In most cases the relationship comes closer to feudalist serfdom rather than outright slavery. – JZ, 4.7.08. - MASTER-SLAVE RELATIONSHIP.
STATE: The state is today the one compulsory form of association (*); and for more than two thousand years we have been taught that its purpose is the perfect life.” - H. J. Laski, The Pluralist State, in: David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, 1975, p.146. – (*) “I say today; for it is important to remember that, for the Western World, this was true of the Church until the Reformation. “ - Yes, just like the kings were to be the great protectors of their subjects and the feudal lords the great protectors of their serfs. – They may have saved them, sometimes, from hordes of barbarians, but not from themselves, as territorial rulers. - JZ, 2.7.08. - There are some others, like trade unions and armies of conscripts. – Some fanatic Muslims also want to impose the death penalty on those who dare to turn away from Islam. – JZ, 9.4.09. - DIS.
STATE: The State is unproductive. It can only give what it has previously taken.” – John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.166. – JZ, tr. of: “Der Staat ist unproduktiv. Er kann nur geben, was er vorher genommen hat.” – With his legal tender monopoly money it also “robs” itself (e.g. when we can pay taxes to it in its depreciated money) and allows all debtors to rob their creditors of parts of what they owe them. – JZ, 13.4.09, 11.3.11.
STATE: the State machinery came to be the instrument of some dominant section within the community. Obedience to the law became habitual and spontaneous.” - F. A. E. Crew, Must Man Wage War? Thrift Books, London, 1952, p.27. - As if in its crimes acts all penalties for actions against them had already been eliminated, as superfluous. - JZ, 11.3.11. - DIS.
STATE: The State makes no mistakes. It IS The Mistake.” – Siegfried Schwenke an Nando, 14.2.84. (“Der Staat macht keine Fehler, er ist der Fehler.”)
STATE: The State may therefore be defined as that organization which possesses either or both (in actual fact, almost always both) of the following characteristics: (a) it acquires its revenue by physical coercion (taxation); and (b) it achieves a compulsory monopoly of force and ultimate decision-making power over a given territorial area. - Both of these essential activities of the State necessarily constitute criminal aggression and depredation of the just rights of private property of its subjects (including self-ownership).” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.171.
STATE: The state means business.” – What a misnomer! “The State means force or coercion or mismanagement” – would be a more fitting expression. At best it is merely an incompetent yokel and the situation then becomes serious only when it is taken serious. – JZ, 1973/78. – DIS.
STATE: The State might be considered as a utopian attempt to territorially reconcile the irreconcilable. In political, economic and social matters this is no more possible than it is in religious matters. All that can be achieved is that people leave each other, their faiths, ideologies and systems alone, with each doing his or her own things only for or to themselves, in free associations with like-minded people. Each territorial organization prevents rather than enables this rightful compromise, peaceful coexistence and competition. – JZ, 9.4.87, 29. 6. 08. - PANARCHISM
STATE: The State moves from good to bad and from bad to ever worse.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted in German, in LERNZIEL ANARCHY, No.16, p.12. – Retranslated by J.Z – Was there ever a really “good” government? – JZ, 5.7.08. – Q., GOOD GOVERNMENT?
STATE: The State must die so that we can live.” – NEUE VIEHZUCHT, July-Sept. 1974. (“Der Staat muss sterben, damit wir leben koennen.”)
STATE: The State must go.” – Henrik Ibsen - It hasn't got legs to walk away. Few rulers ever abdicated. We must become individually free to separate ourselves from all it wrongful, all its territorial powers, by seceding from them and thus reducing its remaining powers to the exterritorial ones over its remaining volunteers. - JZ, 11.3.11.
STATE: The State must not make man an instrument to subserve its arbitrary designs, and induce him to neglect for these his proper individual ends.” – Wilhelm von Humboldt, quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.108. – VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM
STATE: The State needs you as an education-slave – to be indoctrinated with statism, as a tax slave, to finance all its wrongs and abuses, as a military slave, to defend its existence, as a subject-slave to obey its laws, institutions and bureaucrats, all primarily existing for the benefit of the territorial State, and its rulers, always under the pretence of serving us. - But what for do you need the territorial State or want it? What good could it do to you, when you are not a parasite? – JZ, 5.2.93. – Q.
STATE: The State neither knows nor can protect the public interest although, under the pretence of taking care of the public interest, almost all its servants do primarily take care of their own interests. – JZ, 30.1.87, 29.6.08. – PUBLIC INTEREST, COMMON INTEREST
STATE: the State never abdicates in the face of failure, but seeks to cover up its deficiencies with an extension of power.” - Frank Chodorov, One is a Crowd, p.128. – States as institutions can hardly abdicate. He should have spoken here of governments. – JZ – POWER, ABDICATION, DIS.
STATE: The State no longer gives us sufficient protection against its criminals competing with it but concentrates, instead, on being the greatest criminal against our rights and liberties. – JZ, 30.3.84, 28.6.08. – PROTECTION PROVIDER OR CRIMINAL? TAXATION
STATE: The state not only failed; it crowded out institutions that might have succeeded.” - Richard Cornuelle, Healing America, G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1983, p.10. – Only “competition” between territorial States is allowed, with all the troubles of that kind of monopolistic and coercive “competition”, not free competition against the territorial States - from exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, all of them secessionists from the territorial State. – JZ, 12.9.08. - TERRITORIALISM VS. PANARCHISM
STATE: The state of nature was, largely, a state of peace between human beings. They had only nature, wild beasts, diseases, the weather, the climate and natural catastrophes as enemies, not other men. But the territorial State organization of man, from its smallest tribal beginnings, was largely a state of war or a Warfare State. – JZ, 5.8.92, 28.8.92, 2.7.08. – WARFARE STATE
STATE: The state of the economy is in a state – due to the State. – Territorial domination is not a good substitute for a quite free market in every sphere. - JZ, 2.5.93, 4.6.08. – ECONOMY, TERRITORIALISM, MARKET, PANARCHISM
STATE: The State of today confiscates every human being coming into its reach as a means to pursue its power aims.” – Otto Dibelius, speech, 27.4.47. – PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM, POLICE STATES, POWER, LAWS, TAXATION
STATE: The State originated in conquest and confiscation, as a device for maintaining the stratification of society permanently into two classes - an owning and exploiting class, relatively small, and a property-less dependent class. Such measures of order and justice as it established were incidental and ancillary to this purpose; it was not interested in any that did not serve this purpose; and it resisted the establishment of any that were contrary to it. No State known to history originated in any other manner, or for any other purpose than to enable the continuous economic exploitation of one class by another." - Albert Jay Nock, Anarchist's Progress.
STATE: The State protects its citizens from every danger – except that which it itself constitutes for them.” – Graff. – The State only pretends to be able and willing to do that, to a sufficient degree, and some of its critics, like Graff, still fall, partly, for this pretence. – JZ, 2.7.08, 7.8.12. – DIS.
STATE: The State protects neither the equal rights of all nor the interests of the majority but is merely an organization to legitimize mutual pocket theft with clear favouritism for a minority whose large-scale privileges are legally protected against all others and their assistants are well cared for, too. - K. H. Z. Solneman (K. H. Zube), LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr.2, S.27.
STATE: The State represents violence in a concentrated and organized form.” – Gandhi. – He, too, did not distinguish territorial organizations with compulsory membership from voluntary ones with only exterritorial autonomy. If he had, India would have advanced much faster and with less or no bloodshed. – JZ, 6.10.07. - & VIOLENCE
STATE: the State resolves itself ultimately into a Parliamentary majority, and it is from this majority that we are to look for that judicial impartiality, undisturbed by passion, that superiority to selfish interests, that purer standard, which are to cure the wicked ways of natural liberty.” - George Joachim Goschen, Laissez-Faire and Government Interference, in: Herbert Spencer and the Limits of the State, ed. by Michael Taylor, p.90. - Is this a satirical remark or did he never listen to any parliamentary debate? - JZ, 11.3.11. - MAJORITY, PARTIES, IMPARTIALITY, PARLIAMENT, PASSION, SELF-INTEREST & NATURAL LIBERTY
STATE: The State seeks to hinder every free activity by its censorship, its supervision, its police, and holds this hindering to be its duty, because it is in truth a duty of self-preservation. The State wants to make something out of man, therefore there live in it only made men; everyone who wants to be his own self is its opponent.” – Max Stirner, Der Einzige und sein Eigentum. – The Ego and His Own. – quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations.
STATE: The State serves itself. It does not serve society but destroys it. – JZ, 4.7.92. – It does not serve man but uses him as a sacrificial animal in the pursuit of statist aims. – JZ, 2.7.08.
STATE: The state should avoid all solicitude for the positive welfare of its citizens, and not proceed a step further than is necessary for their mutual security and their protection against foreign enemies. It should imposed restrictions on freedom for no other purpose.” –Wilhelm von Humboldt: “Ideen zu einem Versuch die Grenzen der Wirksamkeit des Staates zu bestimmen”, posthumously published 1851. – By now it has, mostly, demonstrated, that it cannot always or sufficiently provide market security and territorial defence but has e.g., rather engaged in a war against drugs, in victim disarmament and preparations for a general nuclear holocaust. – JZ, 16.10.85, 29.6.08. - LIMITED GOVERNMENT
STATE: The state should simply concentrate on maintaining in existence a situation where there should be as much freedom as possible for groups and individuals to pursue ends which they choose.” – David Nicholls, ed., The Pluralist State, 1975, p.105. – The territorial State is the least suitable organization for this. This is a utopian statist dream whose ideal could only be realized via xyz panarchies of volunteers, to a limited extent, for those, still believing in this utopian dream. – Compared with genuinely free societies and communities this utopia will also turn out to be a failure. But individuals and their groups of volunteers should be quite free to experiment with it, just like the socialist statists should be free to experiment with their various statist utopias, all making the usual mistakes, but this time at their own expense and risk only. - JZ, 8.8.86, 29.6.08, 13.4.09, 7.8.12. - DIS.
STATE: The State simply is not necessary to the possibility of accomplishing any desirable aims, of solving any of life’s problems, of making any actual improvements, or of bringing about any desirable changes.” - George A. Lear, Jr., POLIS, Fall 66.
STATE: the state tends to “make man an instrument to serve its arbitrary ends, overlooking his individual purposes.” – Wilhelm von Humboldt, quoted by Noam Chomsky, “For Reasons of State”, p.180.
STATE: The State then is the most flagrant negation, the most cynical and complete negation of humanity. It rends apart the universal solidarity of all men on earth, and it unites some of them only in order to destroy, conquer, and enslave all the rest.” – Bakunin. – Its supposed internal “unity” is also merely empire-building over very diverse groups within its frontiers. – JZ, 5.7.08.
STATE: The State was constructed by Fichte thus, that it would be an institution made up out of individuals, only individuals, and every individual would be free to join a State league or not.” – Manfred Buhr on Fichte’s “Beitrag zur Berichtigung der Urteile des Publikums ueber die Franzoesische Revolution”, 1793. ( “Den Staat konstruiert Fichte so, dass er eine aus Individuen und nur aus Individuen bestehende Institution ist, wobei es jedem Einzelwesen freisteht, durch Vertrag dem Staatsverband beizutreten oder nicht.” ) – Not only entry but also separation or withdrawal or secession from it should be quite free, according to Fichte. – JZ, 2.7.08. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM
STATE: The state was invented by those who wished to escape the law of competitive cooperation – by those who would be robbers through the exercise of political power.” – E. C. Riegel, Manarchy, on pa.116 of “Flight From Inflation”. – COMPETITION, COOPERATION, PANARCHISM, MANARCHY, TAXATION. – I like the term “manarchy”, that I had forgotten about, since I had copied this passage. It is close to Gian Pietro de Bellis’ coinage of “personarchy”, with which at least the feminists and women’s liberation people will be even more satisfied. – JZ, 3.7.08. - PANARCHISM
STATE: the state was tyranny, be it empire or republic.” - D. W. Brogan, Proudhon, p.59. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The State wastes lives, labour, wealth, and intelligence and achieves wars, oppression, exploitation, impoverishment, while upholding degrees of ignorance and numerous popular errors and prejudices, which keep it in power. – JZ, 9.6.99, 11.6.08. – E.g. on the level of “Buy Australian!” , with the good intention to thus preserve Australian jobs. I have never encountered a politician, mass media journalist or Australian economist who publicly and clearly refuted that notion in any of the mass media, although it is an ancient error of Protectionism that in Free Trade writings – largely remaining unread, has been refuted hundreds to thousands of times. All the Australian purchasing power, spent overseas, tends to return, soon, to Australia, to buy Australian goods or services – thereby creating jobs among those, who do produce them. All trade with overseas is merely an exchange, too. Imports pay for exports and exports pay for imports. It is so simple that 15 year old school school boys in my class could understand it but our main teacher, Willy Werdermann, Lessing Oberschule, Berlin Wedding, could not! But then he was not alone in this non-comprehension among academics and political leaders, including ministers of trade, not to speak of the average voter. – I never encountered another teacher or lecturer speaking up against it, either. - JZ, 7.8.12.
STATE: The state, according to Tucker, is essentially a “mammoth organization, held together by usurpation and force.” Compelling the individual citizen to bow to its will rather than allowing him to follow his own internal mechanisms of control, the state forces all minor forms of organization within a society to become fashioned after its image.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.153/54. – It “generously” allows them to differ, by voluntary membership only, in most cases, but always only in minor affairs, e.g. chess clubs or coin or stamp collectors, etc. - but it certainly does not grant them, as yet, full exterritorial autonomy under personal laws and individual or group secessionism as a first step towards full exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. – JZ, 4.7.08. – USURPATION, FORCE, SUPPRESSION OF PANARCHIES OR “STATES WITHIN STATES”, TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM
STATE: The State, an organization of impunity.” – Don Werkheiser, December 1990. – The State has achieved or striven for immunity for all his actions while victimizing its subjects. – JZ, 23.3.91.
STATE: The State, any State, is so far from being an all-powerful, all-knowing, omnipotent and benevolent agency that it incapacitates itself and its subjects by the inevitably wrongful and irrational territorial monopoly and its compulsory organization, by many of its irrational, incompetent, inconsistent and contradictory or even quite arbitrary actions and methods. – It passed more laws and regulations than its official can possibly apply or even completely know. - JZ 1.3.89, 29.6.08.
STATE: The State, by its very nature, does not function but merely malfunctions – like a cancer in the social body. – JZ, 26.8.85.
STATE: The State, even as a free state, is to be complete rejected, because it cannot fulfil the tasks of human society.” – John Henry Mackay, Stirner, S. 141.
STATE: The State, every State, as an institution, is intrinsically the enemy of the people over which it can maintain jurisdiction.” – L. Labadie, What Is Man’s Destiny? – It would be quite different if it could be or would be confined to volunteers only and exterritorial autonomy. Since, historically, at least degrees of this voluntary and exterritorial autonomy were practised, it cannot be rightly said that it would be impossible or impractical. Except in three major spheres, which are still territorially monopolized, man does already live largely panarchistically and takes it for granted. The three territorially practiced monopoly spheres of present States and governments are those of political, economic and social systems. Their numerous wrongs and abuses, high costs in lives, labour and money, cry out for their gradual, peaceful replacement through individually chosen alternatives, i.e. for full experimental freedom for volunteers in these spheres as well, for panarchism or whatever one is inclined to call the alternatives and their peaceful coexistence in the same territories. In all other spheres this peaceful coexistence, this kind of voluntarism does already exist and is largely taken for granted. – Just a “little” rethinking is required, some enlightenment, some self-education, the application of some moral and rational self-interest, an extension of the principle and practice of tolerance towards tolerant people. - JZ, 10.4.09. – PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, VOLUNTARISM, DIS.
STATE: The State, however, can only grow at the expense of society’s health and growth.” – Gary Courtney, THE LIBERTARIAN NEWSLETTER, No.2, 1976.
STATE: The state, in its elemental configuration, encompassed some persons (who were? - JZ) not sure they wanted it. Man became chained to the abstraction of state by birth, family, residence, annexation, or compelled fealty, long established laws and constitutions rather than by choice or reason. One does not volunteer for citizenship: the law thrusts that status upon individuals because they happen to inhabit a given territory, or because of their parentage, or by force of arms. (Or by denial of rights unless one becomes "naturalized", as I was in Australia. - JZ, 9.9.04.) Moreover, the law imposes obligations of allegiance and support upon unwilling residents and often renders severance difficult and impractical. - One cannot disavow allegiance to most states without actual emigration and probably forfeiture of basic human rights to life, liberty, property and choice. And migration to foreign shores often carries with it the concomitant command of that state to offer obeisance or forfeit rights. In short, statehood imposes a leash upon a citizenry, willing or unwilling to accept fetters in varying degrees, with legally sanctioned options to lengthen or shorten the restraint." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., "THE FREEMAN", August 77.
STATE: The State, in other words, is legalized oppression.” - William Archibald Dunning: A History of Political Theories, from Rousseau to Spencer, N.Y., 1920, p.363. – Summing up Gumplowicz, Loria and Oppenheimer.
STATE: The State, in short, subjects people, whereas society associates them voluntarily.” – Felix Morley, State and Society, in Templeton, The Politicization of Society, p.58. – SOCIETY, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The state, in Stirner’s opinion, is the product of man’s proclivity to run society through law, the courts, and the police. …” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.180. – With all of them provided only as territorial monopoly institutions. – JZ, 13.4.09.
STATE: the state, in the last analysis, has absolutely nothing to offer that it has not already expropriated from its subjects.” – Felix Morley, State and Society, quoted in Templeton: The Politicization of Society, p.75. - When it comes to public debts, then it promises to tax FUTURE tax slaves to cover these "debts". - JZ, 11.3.11. - DIS.
STATE: the State, in the words of Albert Jay Nock, “claims and exercises a monopoly of crime” over its territorial area. - Murray N. Rothbard, Society Without A State, THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, Jan. 75. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The State, instead of being the guardian of the weak, the dispenser of justice, on close investigation turns out to be the convenient instrument of strong, crafty and ambitious men to further their own interests.” – William Bailie, Josiah Warren, p.xxxvii.
STATE: The state, liberty’s arch foe throughout history, has increased its powers, scope, and – most significantly – acceptance, every single year of the American republic. Each year has brought more and not less state power.” – Karl Hess, The Lawless State, p.25/26.
STATE: the State, no more than any individual in the State, may inflict injustice on anyone.” - Lord Hugh Cecil, Conservatism, p.164.
STATE: the state, the biggest manufacturer of dependency, despondency and dullness, …” - For Kant, “anarchy is the union of freedom and rules in the absence of force.” ( 1798, Anthropologie in pragmatischer Hinsicht.). - Gian Pietro de Bellis, in his new, 2002 book manuscript on Polyarchy, 2002. – www.panarchy.org - ANARCHY
STATE: The State, the worst calculation error in History.” – Paul C. Martin, quoted, not literally, in ESPERO 10. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACY, REPRESENTATION
STATE: The State, then, is not simply a part of society. The brunt of this part of the present volume, in fact, is to demonstrate that the State is not, as most utilitarian free-market economists like to think, a legitimate social institution that tends to be bumbling and inefficient in most of its activities. On the contrary, the State is an inherently illegitimate institution of organized aggression, of organized and regularized crime against the persons and properties of its subjects. Rather than necessary to society, it is a profoundly anti-social institution, which lives parasitically off the productive activities of private citizens. Morally it must be considered as illegitimate and outside of the ordinary libertarian legal system (such as adumbrated in Part II above), which delimits and insures the rights and just properties of private individual citizens. Thus, from the point of view of justice and morality, the State can own no property, require no obedience, enforce no contracts made with it, and indeed, cannot exist at all.” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.186. - SOCIETY, JUSTICE, MORALITY, PROPERTY
STATE: The state, then, is the modern golden calf, with this essential difference, that is power is demonstrable, not assumed; it can and does guide, direct, and harbor all of us. (*) Hence we adore it, make sacrifices to it, and never question its infallibility, even if we detect imperfections in his hierarchy. The current president may be in error, but the state can do not wrong.” – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.408. - “It’s Fun to Fight”: “the worship of the state”. - (*) Mis-guide, mis-direct and endanger and exploit almost all of us. – JZ, 2.7.08. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM
STATE: The State, then, is the most flagrant negation, the most cynical and complete negation of humanity. It rends apart the universal solidarity of all men upon earth, and it unites some of them only in order to destroy, conquer, and enslave all the rest.” – Michael Bakunin, Federalism, Socialism, and Anti-Theologism, 1867.
STATE: The state, this Moloch of frightful countenance, receives everything, does everything, knows everything, and ruins everything. Every state function is a misfortune. State art is a misfortune, state ownership of shipping, state victualizing – the litany could be extended indefinitely. … If men had but a faint idea of the abyss toward which they are moving, the number of suicides would increase, for we are approaching a complete destruction of human personality. The state is that frightful machine which swallows living men and spews them out again as dead ciphers. Human life has now no secrets, no intimacy, neither in material affairs nor in spiritual; all corners are smelled into, all movements measured; everyone is locked into his cell and numbered, just as in a prison.” – Mussolini, quoted by Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.241. – R .R. added: “This was written a few years before the “March on Rome”; the new revelation, therefore, came quite quickly to Mussolini, … “
STATE: the state, which bred the monopoly whose festering, cancerous growth has destroyed the fine cellular tissue of social relationships.” - Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.246. - MONOPOLIES
STATE: The State…will become nothing more than a simple business office, a sort of central bookkeeping department, devoted to the service of Society.” - Mikhail A. Bakunin, Selected Works, p.222. - At least here he did not envision competing governments and free societies but only a single territorial society. All kinds of governments for their kinds of governmentalists and all kinds of free societies for all kinds of anarchists and libertarians! That requires the exterritorial autonomy or voluntary model of organization. - JZ, 24.11.02. , FORCE, ANARCHISM, LEGALISM, LAWS, PANARCHISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY TOWARDS SOCIETIES & GOVERNMENTS, VOLUNTARISM
STATE: The State’s officials have committed more crimes and done more harm to peaceful citizens than all the private criminals have, between them. – However, they can safely legalize their crimes and leave their execution to professionals paid out of tax funds, out of the inflation tax and out of public debts imposed upon the population and they sanction them through lies and propaganda. – That applies not only to wars but also to peace-time measures like the war against drugs. – JZ, 11.03.05, 29.11.07. - GOVERNMENTS & CRIME
STATE: The states as such have no purpose; only the rulers have.” – Menger, quoted in Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.202. – PURPOSE, RULERS, LEADERSHIP
STATE: The statists have their flags, symbols and justifications; paid jurists in the service of the State or of the groups which dominate it, theologians and philosophers supply them with the desired arguments but none of them can deny that their State is an association resting upon compulsion, in which rulers and ruled do not under real equality coexist according to free agreements.” – LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr.3. („Die Etatisten haben ihre Fahnen, Symbole und Rechtfertigungen; bezahlte und im Dienste des Staates oder der ihn beherrschenden Gruppen stehende Juristen, Theologen und Philosophen liefern die gewuenschten Argumente; aber sie alle koennen nicht leugnen, dass ihr Staat eine auf Zwang beruhende Vereinigung ist, in der sich Herrschende und Beherrschte, nicht wirklich Gleichberechtigte in freiem Zusammenschluss gegenueberstehen.“)
STATE: The strongest anti-state sentiments of all came from Emil Brunner, an underrated theologian long overshadowed by Barth. Brunner wrote that “Every State represents human sin on the large scale; in the growth of every State the most brutal, anti-divine forces have taken a share, to an extent unheard of in the individual life, save in that of some prominent criminals.” In fact, it is Brunner, not Joseph Peden, who commented: “The true dominion of Christ, and what we call the State, are fundamentally opposed.” – J. D. Doenecke, LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 7/77. - Has Christianity ever been a sufficient counter-force to territorial statism? - I deny that it has and that it ever could be. - JZ, 11.3.11. - CHRISTIANITY, DIS., Q.
STATE: The super myth of the social present: the state. - The social scientists, be they of the so-called conservative or so-called progressive type, are all united by a common super-myth: the myth of the state. - The state is assumed by (almost) all social scientists to be the indispensable/irreplaceable engine of all social life. - In fact, contemporary social scientists assign to the state an even bigger role than the one attributed to it in the past by the idealistic philosophers with their conception of the ethical state. - For the social scientists the state is not only the grumpy Big Brother (the rude but ever necessary protector and provider of discipline and security) but also the succouring Mother, the benevolent Father, the counselling Uncle, the inspiring Aunt, the forgiving Priest. - In other words, consciously or unconsciously, willingly or unwillingly, the state has become for the social scientists what the Church once was for its flock of believers: the earthly representative of Almighty God. In the mythology of the social scientists the state is: - Benevolent (the state rulers are better). The state will not and cannot do harm to its subjects. May be a government fails and brings occasional distress to some people but the state, as the form in which the supreme general will is represented, is seen as an entity which is intrinsically good and right and inclined to act rightly for the good of its people. - Provident (the state rulers do better). The benevolent state, like a considerate shepherd, looks after the needs of its flock, which otherwise would be left to the inclemency of the weather (physical nature) or to the brutality of the people (human nature). In the mythical world built by some social scientists no proper social life existed before the state came to regulate it. In earlier times it was just "bellum omnium contra omnes" (the war of everybody against everybody else). But then the state appeared and it was peace on earth, or so the myth goes. A myth so powerfully held and propagated that the mythmakers can even admit the existence of exceptions (nasty states and world wars) without questioning at all the general validity of it. - Omniscient (the state rulers know better). In order to be fully benevolent and all-provident the state not only has to be in command of a wealth of resources, but also has to be endowed with omniscience to achieve the appropriate satisfaction of every person's every need. Nothing less will do. Believing in the omniscience of the state, social scientists assign to professionals within the state (that is to themselves) very important and powerful positions such as planning and development economists, social administrators, psychological counsellors, legal experts and so on and so forth. Unfortunately, the basic unpredictability and intractability of the human beast compromises, so they say, many of their efforts and designs. For this reason, the social scientist should not be considered responsible for what happens or does not happen in any project. Unsuccessful results are to be swept under the carpet or are presented as temporary difficulties to be dealt with through the injection of more funds and more social scientists engaged for ever bigger and more resolute interventions. - In brief, according to the super-myth fabricated by the state social servants, we should accept, without doubts or questions, a series of assumptions, each one more absurd than the other: - that individuals are selfish but politicians are selfless; that state rulers and their associates act not in their own interest but for the highest interests of the highest number; that state professionals are magically endowed with superior knowledge and a superior capacity for taking the best decisions for the majority if not for all; - that the common person is unable to look after his own real interests except once in every so many years when he is summoned to the poll to elect his new masters. - "On me dit que c'est pour mon bien qu'on me gouverne; or, comme je donne mon argent pour être gouverné, il s'ensuit que c'est pour mon bien que je donne mon argent, ce qui est possible; mais ce qui mérite néanmoins d'être vérifié. - Outre, d'ailleurs, que nul ne peut être plus familier que moi avec les moyens de me rendre heureux, je trouve encore qu'il est étrange, incompréhensible, antinaturel, extra humain, de se dévouer au bonheur de gens qu'on ne connaît pas ; et je déclare que je n'ai pas l'honneur d'être connu des hommes qui me gouvernent. - Il est juste dès lors de dire, qu'à mon point de vue, ils sont vraiment trop bons, et, enfin, quelque peu indiscrets de se préoccuper autant de ma félicité, alors, surtout, qu'il n'est point prouvé que je sois incapable d'en poursuivre moi-même la réalisation." (Anselme Belleguarrigue, 1848) - "I am told that it is for my good that I am governed; now, since I give my money in order to be governed, it follows that it is for my good that I give my money, and this is possible, but it deserves, at least, to be verified. - Moreover, by the way, considering that no one can be more familiar than myself with the means to make myself happy, I find that it is strange, incomprehensible, unnatural, un-human, to dedicate oneself to the happiness of people one doesn't even know; and I declare that I have not the honour of being known by the people who govern me. - It is then right to say, from my point of view, that they are really very kind, and, frankly, a bit indiscreet, to take the trouble to look after my happiness, especially when it is by no means proved that I am not capable of pursuing and achieving it by myself." - Anselme Belleguarrigue, 1848. - Certainly, not every social scientist joined in the formation of the super-myth. The fact remains that the (false) conviction that without the state there would be only disorder and misery exists in too many minds and it is very likely that it has been originated and spread by people (historians, journalists, political scientists, teachers, etc.) in a position of power and authority. Otherwise, we should start believing in the existence of mysterious inner voices responsible for shaping the ideas of individuals and the fate of peoples.) - Gian Piero de Bellis, Straightjackets and Superstitions of the Statist Age. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WELFARE STATE, DEMOCRACY
STATE: the tendency in the modern state for men to become the mere subjects of administration. – H. J. Laski, The Pluralistic State, in David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, 1975, p.150.
STATE: The territorial and interventionist State organization is as absurd as would be an attempt to unite all sorts of sports clubs, i.e. football, soccer, basketball, cricket, ski- and tennis clubs, as well as all other clubs, chess- bridge-, poetry-, folk-singing- jazz-, dance-, computer-clubs, all the various hobby and crafts and arts groups, into a single common territorial club, with common office bearers, a common institution, common levies and a common budget, all this upon the hope to decide all their likely disagreements via majority voting or “expert” advice. – JZ, 21.7.87. – If there ever was an unrealizable utopia, this is it. What makes anyone believe that the great variety of political, social and economical beliefs can be territorially united any more than religious beliefs? That religions cannot be thus united is sufficiently proven by now. Even Christians, Muslims, Jews and Buddhists are not united but split into numerous sects. Why assume different results in these three most important spheres? Haven’t their differences lead already to enough wars and despotisms? – JZ, 1.7.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM UNDER PERSONAL LAWS, TERRITORIALISM, Q.
STATE: The territorial State does not represent social forces, principles and institutions but anti-social ones. It is a parasite upon societies and suppressor of free societies. – JZ, 18.4.98, 27.5.08. - SOCIETY
STATE: The territorial State establishes and protects primarily monopolies, powers and coercive laws, and its “property”, rather than upholding individual rights and liberties. As a territorial power it is not primarily interested in individual rights and liberties, which would oppose its powers in every respect. – JZ, 13.2.92, 1.7.08.
STATE: The territorial State has some aims and practices which correspond to certain types of intolerant, leftist, egalitarian and authoritarian “anarchism”: 1.) Uniform property or anti-property laws for all. Instead of as much or as little private or cooperative property as people with to peacefully acquire and hold. 2.) A single and uniform territorial systems for the whole population of various statists and various anarchists in certain territories. 3.) Taxation, regulations or prohibitions against “excess” profits, interest, speculation, property. 4.) Domination over dissenters. E.g. some Spanish anarchists, during the Spanish Civil War, murdered some priests instead of upholding religious liberty. 5.) Individual and group secessions not allowed, not even seriously considered. 6.) No competitive and voluntary alternative community, society or governance systems, tolerantly practiced, only among volunteers under personal law and exterritorial autonomy, are allowed in the same territory. The anarchists would not allow statist communities of volunteers and the statist would suppress the full exterritorial autonomy of anarchists. 7.) Use of force against dissenters, who e.g. want to defend their right of property or their right to work or their right not to work. – JZ, ca. Jan. 95 & 29.5.08. & FORMS OF AUTHORITARIANISM & EGALITARIAN ANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, ANARCHISM, STATISM
STATE: The territorial State is a coercive and corrupt perversion of society – and thus no one should be obliged or forced to participate in or to remain subject to it. – JZ, 27.2.89, 1.7.08.
STATE: The territorial State is a well organized attack upon all its dissenters, via imposed territorial and monopoly constitutions, governments, laws and administrations, jurisdiction, taxation, police and prisons. The wrongs involved are not diminished by some dissenting groups occasionally becoming the territorial oppressors and exploiters themselves. – JZ, 19.4.93, 4.6.08. – DEMOCRACY, VOTING, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, DISSENTERS, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The territorial State is such a primitive attempt to organize for security that it causes, in the average and in the long run, more internal and external insecurity than the security it attempts to establish and protect. – JZ, 21.2.89, 1.7.08. – SECURITY, PROTECTION, PEACE
STATE: The territorial State is the main barrier not only to the free and honest acquisition of wealth but also to peace, justice, freedom, progress, enlightenment and happiness. – JZ, 26.3.93, 4.6.08.
STATE: The territorial State is the product of political, economic and social prejudices and, especially, of ignorance and intolerance in these spheres. – JZ, 20.12.87.
STATE: The territorial State is the worst protection racked of all. – JZ, 27.2.96.
STATE: The thing which I attack, and which for want of a better word I call the State, has been created and developed within a mere matter of half my own little lifetime. It now absorbs the greater part of all our resources, affects most of our actions, and warps our minds.” – Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.151. – Was he really in favour of the previous forms of territorial States? – JZ, 4.6.08.
STATE: The thrust of Rothbard’s argument is that classical liberalism and every other form of “archism”, which hopes to use the State to perform socially useful functions, rests on a tragically flawed series of naïve assumptions: (a) that the State is needed to perform certain objectives, limited tasks, (b) that with the State performing these tasks, society can and will be a net social beneficiary and (c) that the State can be entrusted to restrict itself to only those prescribed tasks. That which is born of the Original Sin of aggressive monopoly and taxation can hardly be expected to offer the saving grace for social intercourse later on down the line.” - Walter Grinder on Rothbard: For a New Liberty.
STATE: the true nature of the State, namely a coercive organization, without any alternative to itself.” - Uwe Timm, Gesammelte Schriften, S.120. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: the unique capacity of the State to maximize the effects of wrongdoing.” – Bill Buckley, NATIONAL REVIEW, 13.2.60, p.98.
STATE: The Voluntaryist … stating that, during the 20th century, while twenty-two people out of every ten thousand died as a result of war, three hundred forty-nine – fifteen times as many – died as a result of “other” government activity, meaning death camps, extermination marches, and artificial famines. … government is a greater danger – fifteen times greater – than anything it claims … it protects us from.” - L. Neil Smith, Lever Action, A Mountain Media Book, 2001, email@example.com, p.44/45. – And the war victims, those of civil wars and violent revolutions, are also the results of territorial statism. – JZ, 27.9.07. - STATISM & GOVERNMENTAL MURDERS, MAKE A FARCE OF “GOVERNMENTAL PROTECTION, WAR, MASS MURDERS, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: The weakness of the State lies in the fact that it is but an aggregate of humans; its strength derives from the general ignorance of this truism. From earliest times the covering up of this vulnerability has engaged the ingenuity of the politician; all manner of argument has been adduced to give the State a superhuman character, …” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.108.
STATE: The welfare state - and state - is an end in itself. It's the way for a few to impose their will on the many. And Judas priest, how those few do want to! Need to.” - Poul Anderson, The Avatar, p.189. - WELFARE STATE, IMPOSITIONS, MINORITY RULE, TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE, DOMINATION, RULE OF THE FEW, POWER MONGERS, POWER ADDICTS, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP
STATE: The whole process comes down to the substitution of force for freedom.” – Henry Regnery, MODERN AGE, Winter 1971, p. 25, quoted in PURSUIT, 3/72.
STATE: The whole structure on Earth was one social indignity after another heaped on its members … The whole mess was a travesty, perpetuated by cowards, moral and physical, on an apathetic, indolent majority.” – Anne McCaffrey, Decision at Doona, p.90.
STATE: The word state is identical with the word war. Each state tries to weaken and ruin another in order to force upon that other its laws, its policies and its commerce, and to enrich itself thereby.” – P. A. Kropotkin, Paroles d’un revolté, 1884. – While it gains more power and money in this way, at the same time, it subjugates, kills or impoverishes most of its subjects. – JZ, 29.6.08.
STATE: The world itself is but a large prison, out of which some are daily led to execution.” – Sir Walter Raleigh. – Quoted on page 228 of Bachman’s Book for Freedom Quotations, DEC. BY Michael Ivens and Reginald Dunstan, Bachman & Turner, 1978, ISBN 0 85974 068 4, indexed, 286 pages. - The same could be said of territorial States, organized as “nation”- States, under the pretence that they do really represent a unified “nation”. – JZ, 1.7.08. – Territorial States have frontiers that are, sometimes, even better guarded than are the walls of maximum security prisons. We ought to work towards the biggest “prison-breaks” ever. – JZ, 21.4.89. – And towards our fraternization or separate peace treaty with our supposed enemies on the other side, the captive peoples of their territorial government, over the heads of our rulers. The panarchist platform should come to appeal to most of the diverse groups in all the territorial States. Especially since our rulers are armed with mass extermination devices, i.e., anti-people weapons. They can hardly use them within their own territories and against liberators operating next to them. – JZ, 1.7.08, 11.3.11, 7.8.12.
STATE: The worship of the State is the modern substitute for religion. The State becomes a unique institution and honored according to a ritual that overshadows all other religious systems. The new God has its priests, its churches, its splitting into sects, its trials of witches, its pyres, its thought police, compared with which the medieval Inquisition can appear as a liberal institution.” – Dr. Herbert Stegemann, DER TAGESSPIEGEL, 25.11.51. (JZ tr. of: “Die Vergoetzung des Staates ist der moderne Religionsersatz. Der Staat wird zu einem Wesen voellig eigener Art gestempelt und nach einem Ritus verehrt, der all anderen Religionssysteme in den Schatten stellt. Der neue Goetze hat seine Priester, seine Kultusstaetten, seine Aufspaltungen und Sekten, seine Hexenprozesse, seine Scheiterhaufen, seine Gedankenpolizei, mit der verglichen die mittelalterliche Inquisition als eine liberale Einrichtung erscheint.“) – STATISM AS A RELIGION
STATE: The worst evils which mankind has ever had to endure were inflicted by bad governments. The state can be and has often been in the course of history the main source of mischief and disaster.” - Ludwig von Mises. - DISASTERS, GOVERNMENTS, CRISES, CATASTROPHES
STATE: Theological monarchy had done its time, and was now followed by military monarchy. Church and State had oppressed mankind together; henceforth the State oppressed for its own sake. And this was the genuine idea which came with the Renaissance, according to which the State alone governs, and all other things obey.” – Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History, p.273. – STATISM, TOTALITARIANISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: There are no crimes against the State; there are no crimes without victims.” - Anderson/Miles, Constitution, p.15. - Individual and minority group secessionism is obviously not victimizing anyone but offers a chance for the liberation of everyone. - JZ, 16.11.02. - CRIMES AGAINST THE STATE? DIS., VICTIMLESS "CRIMES", SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM
STATE: There are no states in nature, except among monstrosities like the ants.” – T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, p.125.
STATE: There are no statist solution. There are only human solutions. And these are made impossible by the State.” – Georg Kaiser. – SOLUTIONS, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICS, LAWS
STATE: There are therefore few to say a good word for the laboriously manufactured labor theory of value, or to give even lip service to the Marxist many-worded theory of surplus value, which was the keystone of his theory of exploitation, which in turn was the basis for his indictment of capitalism. The Russian “experiment” has shown that the state can be built on the bones of the proletariat, as well as on the bones of capitalists, and this “withering away of the state” theory has gone the way of all his notions. …” – Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.84. - MARX & MARXISM, COMMUNISM, CAPITALISM, PROLETARIAN
STATE: There is a sort of empirical generalization that it costs the state twice as much to do anything as it costs private enterprise, whatever it is. – My son (*) once called my attention to this generalization, and it is amazing how accurate it is. …” - Milton Friedman, From Galbraith to Economic Freedom, p.57. - - (*) David Friedman, Assistant Professor of Economics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Virginia
STATE: There is but one effective way to rid ourselves of the oppressive power of the state. It is not to shoot it to death; it is not to vote it to death. It is not even to persuade it to death. It is rather to starve it to death. – Power feeds on its spoils, and dies when its victims refuse to be despoiled.” – Ken Knudsen, THE VOLUNTARYIST, No. 6. – If taxation were already voluntary and if we were voluntary State members or subjects that would be wonderful. If we had these option for ourselves, i.e., if we could establish voluntaristic and free societies for ourselves, then we should not try to deprive the remaining statists of their expensive and dangerous hobby, which would no longer be a burden for us but merely an educational and deterrent example for all somewhat moral and rational people, who would have opted out from under it. – JZ, 28.6.08, 11.3.11.
STATE: There is no reason, there is only a lazy nonchalance, which makes the state so all-powerful in the citizens’ private affairs today.” - Graham Hutton, Agenda for a Free Society – The Individual and Society. - Statism is more than mere nonchalance, apathy, indifference and negligence, it amounts to the sanction of the victims for degrees of voluntary slavery. – JZ, 1.7.08, 7.8.12.
STATE: there is no satisfactory rational argument in support of the State.” - Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.75. – A rational or moral argument is not needed for statists, of all kinds, as long as they confine their statism exterritorially to their own volunteers. I found no moral or rational argument for territorial domination by anyone, not even by a “limited” government. Have you? – JZ, 9.4.09. – Q.
STATE: There is no State – except in the minds of those who believe in it.” – The Wolverine, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 10.7.72. – And even there it exists, just like the God notion, in the same or other heads, only as a false assumption or conclusion, an error or a myth, conviction or faith. Alas, it induces these people to commit all kinds of immoral, intolerant, even criminal and aggressive actions and to that extent it is a real threat. – JZ, 5.7.08.
STATE: There is no State – of mind. – JZ, 13.12.87.
STATE: There is no such thing as a crime against an aggressor. The State is the Aggressor. There is not crime against the State.” - John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.155. – JZ tr. of: “Es gibt kein Verbrechen gegen den Angreifer. Der Staat ist der Angreifer. Es gibt kein Verbrechen gegen den Staat.“
STATE: there is no such thing as revolutionary power, for all power is reactionary by nature: power corrupts both those who exercise it and those over whom it is exercised; those who think they can conquer the State, in order to destroy it, are unaware that the State overcomes all its conquerors; …” - Albert Meltzer: A New World in Our Hearts, p. 60. – If that were true, why even bother to try to criticize it? - JZ, 11.3.11., - CONQUEST, POWER, REVOLUTION
STATE: There is not such thing as a non-aggressive government.” – J. Michael Oliver, THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 7/77, p.5. – Correct for all existing territorial States. (*) But freely competing governments, with voluntary members and subjects only, are at least conceivable and have historically existed as personal law associations. Seeing the multitude of statists they are likely to come into existence in the future, too, at least for a while. Therefore we should not only envision various free societies and communities of volunteers for our future world but also governments of statists doing their things among themselves. That will be the line of least resistance for all self-liberation efforts. We need the equivalent to religious tolerance or religious liberty in the political, economic and social spheres, with all statism confined to the remaining statists and neither statist nor free communities claiming or being able to uphold any territorial monopoly any longer. – JZ, 28.6.08. – (*) Even the miniature States do somewhat tax their subjects or subject them to monetary despotism. – JZ, 13.4.09. - PANARCHISM
STATE: there is nothing like a good war – a lovely massacre and a great blood bath – to found an unquestionable and ‘legal’, in quotes, “new state.” - Paul-Loup Sulitzer, The Green King, Grafton Books, 1985/85, p.535. – LEGITIMACY, TERRITORIALISM, NATION-BUILDING, CONQUESTS, EMPIRES, WAR
STATE: There is nothing new in state interventionism. It is as old and reactionary as societal organization itself. Always, when it permeates the body politic, it kills the nation.” – Spruille Braden - According to this statement, we are all already dead and in Hell, Heaven or Nirwana or merely a dreamworld. - JZ, 11.3.11. - IS NOT A PROTECTOR BUT A KILLER & DESTROYER, INTERVENTIONISM
STATE: There is nothing wrong with the State that free competition could not cure. – JZ, 18.3.84. – That the territorial State does not permit this competition is the main point of what is wrong with it. – JZ, 13.4.09. - Is it possible to eliminate or demolish the idea and thereby the practice of territorialism, first in the minds of the lovers freedom, peace, justice, progress, enlightenment, prosperity and then even in the minds of territorial statists, who would thereby quite easily and lastingly get rid of their internal opposition and their perpetual struggle against each other? Can we make them see the light at least in this respect? Are our ideas, arguments and references already good enough to achieve that? - JZ, 11.3.11. - EXTERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, TOLERANCE FOR TOLERANT PEOPLE, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE ON THE ONLY POSSIBLE BASIS FOR IT. PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE, Q., SECESSIONISM
STATE: There is now an inverse relationship between the state’s interests in and efforts to protect people from other people and from themselves: the more politicians protect people from harming themselves, the more they fail to protect them from being harmed by others. The upshot is a system of government ever more zealous to protect the people from driving cars without seatbelts, riding on motorcycles without crash helmets, and eating or drinking substances containing cyclamates, while leaving them ever more unprotected against murderers and muggers, rapists and robbers.” – Thomas Szasz, Heresies, p.77. – As if they had ever been good or good enough at the second job! - JZ, 11.3.11. - PROTECTION, CRIME, GOVERNMENT
STATE: There is of course a difference between the State and government. Within a given territory, the State remains while governments come and go. The government is that body within the State which claims legitimate authority to make laws; it also directs and controls the State apparatus. It follows certain procedures for obtaining and using power, based in a constitution or on custom. Tucker defined the State as a ‘monopoly of government’ in a particular area, and government as an ‘invasion of the individual’s private sphere’.” - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.19. – The victims of both, territorial States and territorial governments, when they are not constituting the majority, one recognized by the territorial regime, get only 3 choices: 1.) to submit or, 2.) at best, to emigrate to another territorial State and government, hopefully not as bad, and submit to it, or 3.) to try to change, for years to decades, in the case of anarchists, for centuries, public opinion and territorial States and governments. Not much of a choice, really. – JZ, 4.6.08. - GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: There is, for instance, a continual insistence that the State can only function through individuals, and that those individuals are no wiser or better than ourselves. Accordingly, all mystical worship of the State must be scrupulously criticized and all fine phrases about "higher unity" translated, as the Utilitarians demanded, into terms of human happiness or suffering.” - Ivor Brown, English Political Theory, Methuen, London, 1920, p.134. - Does it function or rather malfunction when it is territorially organized, with compulsory membership or laws for all living in a territory, whether members, voluntary subjects, opponents or foreigners? - JZ, 23.1.02. 11.3.11. - & INDIVIDUALS, Q.
STATE: There, where the State ceases, only there begins the kind of man who is not superfluous.” – Nietzsche – JZ tr. of: “Dort, wo der Staat aufhoert, da erst beginnt der Mensch, der nicht ueberfluessig ist.”
STATE: There, where the state ceaseth – pray look thither my brethren! Do you not see it, the rainbow and the bridges of the Superman?” – Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra. – Not the Superman but the free man, making his own choices for himself, however good or bad for himself. - JZ, 11.3.11. - PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, DIS., SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-DETERMINATION, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY
STATE: They are prisoners of a state that has bound them soul and mind and now they must be released from this trap so that they can find a new meaning, a new being …” - Thomas N. Scortia, The Armageddon Tapes, Tape II, p.104, in CONTINUUM 2. – Only those should be liberated who wish to be liberated or be shown how to liberate themselves, as much as they want to be and can be, by their own actions, their own societies and communities, after effectively seceding from "their" territorial State. They would be the natural allies of all those, who are already somewhat liberated and e.g. organized in various panarchistic governments and societies of volunteers, all only for their present volunteers and also for their future ones. So far they are only secret and suppressed allies, whom the territorial governments have so far only very rarely recognized as such but keep e.g. air-raiding in wars, blockading in peace or even threatening with ABC mass murder devices, upon the principle and practice of collective responsibility for the criminal actions of their rulers. - JZ, 11.3.11. STATE: They started in the dusty past when some nameless raider first spared his victim in order to enslave him. As the communities thus created came into existence, a uniform “political” attitude came into being. They became what we now call “nations”, and as these “nations” devoured one another to become Empires. States became steadily more complex. But they never lost their character as an explicit instrument of exploitation. They existed, and exist today, as a mechanism for letting one group of people live off the toil of another. Today we talk of this as “redistribution of income”: and that is the clue that now, after two centuries, the great experiment of Jefferson and Madison has come to naught. Washington, D.C. is like all the rest.” - Roger McBride, A New Dawn, p.11. - TERRITORIALISM, WELFARE STATE
STATE: They have accepted new ideas which put their God-given rights at the mercy of the state, which is, by its nature, an amoral and, thus, a godless apparatus.” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.23. – In any "god" we have as useless an ally as with any authoritarian and territorial government. The idea of it and its supposedly holy writs, do still induce all too many people to commit quite immoral actions. When even their God, according to their records, commits atrocities according to the principle of collective responsibility, then what can one expect from those, who worship him, her or it? - JZ, 11.3.11. - MORALITY, ETHICS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY
STATE: Thiers stresses expressly that the comparison of the State with an insurance company would be the most rightful and exact one that one could apply. – Thiers, De la propriété, nouvelle edition, 1849, p. 202.” – Referred to on p.258 of Gustav Cohn, “System der Finanzwissenschaft”, Stuttgart, Verlag von Ferdinand Eule, 1899, according to a letter by Ulrich von Beckerath. - Provided only any territorial State could and would only supply those services which its subjects, not being exclusively voluntary members, do want it to provide them with, all as items of individualized insurance contracts. – While this covers the welfare aspect, it does not cover the juridical and physical protection and defence aspects, which may have to be provided separately, upon individual contracts by individual contracts with corresponding federations of such corporations or societies. Ulrich von Beckerath often stated that the insurance would be the best that one could ascribe to any State in intentions or mere beliefs. The practice differs naturally very greatly from this ideal and so does its provision of protective, defensive, juridical and penal services. But then U. v. Beckerath wanted all public services competitively and variously, or “panarchistically” or exterritorially supplied, by different communities and societies of volunteers. Moreover, he thought to be rightful and necessary an ideal militia force of volunteers for the protection of individual rights and liberties, as the ultimate sovereign force, one superior to “the people” or “the population”, which might sometimes and at least in some locations be no more than an ignorant, prejudiced and fanatical mob. He wished to see such militias locally organized, self-managed and self-mobilizing, self-trained, self-armed and self-mobilizing and also federated, nation- and world-wide, as the ultimate of the rightful use of force. In Washington’s words: “Raise a standard to which the wise and honest would repair.” – Almost all police forces, and all armies and militias, including Washington’s were until now, mostly, very far from this ideal. – At times, not always and everywhere, Cromwell’s “Ironsides” and the original American militias came close, as close as they could come then under their limited knowledge of all individual rights an liberties. - JZ, 30.6.08, 11.3.11. - TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, NWT, AIR RAIDS, WARFARE METHODS, WAR AIMS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY
STATE: This ‘conquest of the State’ which hypnotizes so many brains.” - Hyacinthe Dubreuil, A Chance for Everybody, p.30. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, POWER ADDICTION
STATE: This century the anarchist critique of the State has become more sophisticated. Gustav Landauer has suggested that ‘the State is a condition, a certain relationship between human beings, a mode of behaviour; we destroy it by contracting other relationships, by behaving differently.’ Only when people make the existing connection between them a bond in an organic community can the legal order of the State be made obsolete.” - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.21. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, ASSOCIATIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM
STATE: this shift of power, from the individual to the State, has been the death sentence for every civilization before us.” – Roger McBride, A New Dawn, p.9, under the heading: Emergence of the American Superstate. – POWER, CITIZENS, SUPER-STATE, IMPERIALISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: This support need not be active enthusiasm to be effective; it can just as well be passive resignation. But support there must be. For if the bulk of the public were really convinced of the illegitimacy of the State, if it were convinced that the State is nothing more nor less than a bandit gang writ large, then the State would soon collapse to take on no more status or breadth of existence than another Mafia gang. Hence the necessity of the State’s employment of ideologists; and hence the necessity of the State’s age-old alliance with the Court Intellectuals who weave the apologia for the State rule.” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.168. - "It is ultimately ideas that determine which way the soldiers point their guns." - Mises in Human Action. - IDEOLOGY, SOLDIERS, DISOBEDIENCE, LIBERATION, DES.
STATE: Throughout history, states have existed as instruments for organizing predation and exploitation. It doesn’t matter much which group of people happen to gain control of the State at any given time, whether it be oriental despots, kings, landlords, privileged merchants, army officers or Communist parties. The result is everywhere and always the coercive mulcting of the mass of the producers …” - Murray N. Rothbard, in the anthology “Outside Looking In”, p.61, Harper & Row, 1972, ed. by Dorothy Buckton James, 429 pages, ISBN 06-043265-9.
STATE: Thus the State is a coercive criminal organization that subsists by a regularized large-scale system of taxation-theft and gets away with it by engineering the support of the majority (not, again, of everyone) through securing an alliance with a group of opinion-moulding intellectuals whom it rewards with a share in its power and pelf. – But there is another vital aspect of the State that needs to be considered. There is one critical argument for the State that now comes into view: namely, the implicitly argument that the State apparatus really and properly owns the territorial area over which it claims jurisdiction. The State, in short, arrogates to itself a monopoly of force, of ultimate decision-making power, over a given territorial area – larger or smaller depending on historical conditions, and on how much it has been able to wrest from other States. If the State may be said to properly own its territory, then it is proper for it to make rules for anyone who presumes to live in that area. It can legitimately seize or control private property because there is no private property in its area, because it really owns the entire land surface. …” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.170. - TERRITORIALISM, PROPERTY IN LAND, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS, AS OPPOSED TO PRIVATE REAL ESTATE
STATE: To be an anarchist only means that you believe that aggression is not justified, and that (*) states necessarily employ aggression. And, therefore, that states, and the aggression they necessarily employ, are unjustified. It's quite simple, really. It's an ethical view, so no surprise it confuses utilitarians.” - N. Stephan Kinsella - (*) territorial - JZ - ANARCHISM & AGGRESSION
STATE: To entrust the government with the power of determining the education which our children receive is entrusting our servant with the power to be our master.” – David Nasaw - SCHOOLS, COMPULSORY SCHOOLING, EDUCATION CONTROL, CHILDREN'S & PARENTS' RIGHTS
STATE: To give all power to the State renders society and the individual impotent, while giving no real and creative potency to the State. – JZ, 4.11.76.
STATE: To many of its citizens the territorial State has inevitably the relationship of a rapist, robber and slave master. – JZ, 17.2.84.
STATE: To prove, that these sort of policed societies are a violation offered to nature, and a constraint upon the human mind, it needs only to look upon the sanguinary measures and instruments of violence which are everywhere used to support them.” - Edmund Burke, A Vindication of Natural Society, p.34.
STATE: To Rothbard the State is nothing more or less than the very epitome of aggression, predation and exploitation.” - Walter Grinder on Rothbard: For a New Liberty, BOOKS FOR LIBERTARIANS, 4/73.
STATE: To the extent that our State really protects life, liberty, rights and property, I am not its enemy. I am only its enemy when it attacks or compromises them in various ways and for its own kinds or wrongful motives. – JZ, 10/87, 1.7.08.
STATE: To the extent that panarchism is not seriously considered as a moral, rational, peace-, freedom- and prosperity- and progress-promoting alternative, the territorial State and all its inherent laws and abuses will continue by consent, indifference or negligence and all those, who are not at least protesting its crimes and its criminal organization (imposed territorial rule, involuntary membership, compulsory taxes, government support for criminal activities), and not resisting it, to the extent that they can do so, are its accessories. - JZ, 5.4.89, 8.4.89, 1.7.08, 22.9.04. – PANARCHISM, PROTESTS, RESISTANCE AGAINST TERRITORIAL STATISM
STATE: To the extent that the automatism of the State destroys our moral law, men become impersonal, and society declines into gregarious masses, without free will and self-direction, which facilitate the accession of forms of tyranny. We are suffering from a failure in society which demands the revision of ideas currently accepted and, instead of regarding man as made for society (*), the time may have arrived to return to the reality of nature, and to conceive, on the contrary, a society turning on man himself, its first and final cause.” – H.-F. Follin, quoted in S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.379. – (*) the State? – JZ - INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM
STATE: Today’s citizen should destroy the State and the belief in it within themselves. Without it, its external overthrow would benefit only the worst authoritarians – Marxists, Bolshevics and fascist national socialists.” – St. Ch. Waldecke, “Staathumor”.
STATE: Too many libertarians have absorbed the negative and elitist Conservative world-view to the effect that our enemy today is the poor, who are robbing the rich; the blacks, who are robbing the whites; or the masses, who are robbing heroes and businessmen. In fact, it is the (*) State that is robbing all classes, rich and poor, black and white, worker and businessman alike; it is the State that is ripping us all of; it is the State that is the common enemy of mankind. And who is the State? It is any group who manages to seize control of the States coercive machinery of theft and privilege.” – Murray N. Rothbard, LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 8/77, p. 7. - (*) territorial - State. Its opposites, the exterritorial States and societies, all only exterritorially autonomous and by and for volunteers only, have first to become firmly established in our minds. - JZ, 11.3.11. - TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Too many people speak of the perverse state of affairs and overlook the main cause, namely the perverse affairs and territorial state of the State. – JZ, 13.6.87, 29.6.08.
STATE: Under the name of the State the citizens taken collectively are considered as a real being, having its own life, its own wealth, independently of the lives and the wealth of the citizens themselves; and then each addresses this fictitious being, some to obtain from it education, others employment, others credit, others food, etc., etc. … - the state can give nothing to the citizens that it has not first taken from them.” - Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat – A Man Alone, p.130.
STATE: under the second Bonaparte [ Napoleon III.] … the state [seems] to have made itself completely independent. As against civil society, the state machine has consolidated its position … thoroughly.” – Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, in Selected Works, Moscow, Progress, 1968, p.170/71, quoted by Ralph Raico, in JLS, Sum, 77, p.180. – Did they, at this stage, fall in love with the territorial State, for their planned dictatorship over the proletariat, too, not only the “bourgeois” and the capitalists? – J.Z., 7.812.
STATE: Until we manage to really begin to dismantle the State, it will remain the biggest lawbreaker of all.” – Ralph Fucetola III, LAISSEZ FAIRE REVIEW, 3-4/74. – CRIME, LAW-BREAKING
STATE: Very different has been the Western state. Omitting only the Middle Ages – and even then the idea of the centralized state remained vivid to those acquainted with Greek and Latin – the Western structure of political power has been a process of almost permanent revolution against the social groups and authorities that lay intermediate between individual and state. By virtue of its inherent centralization, its definition in terms of territory rather than social or religious function, its prized doctrine of sovereignty through which the state’s power is declared superior and supervening to all other powers, the Western state’s very existence in the ancient world an in the modern since the Reformation has represented a kind of built-in war against traditional society and its ingrained authorities.” - Robert A. Nisbet, The New Despotism, p.13. – Was “oriental despotism”, e.g. the empire-building of China, really so different? – JZ, 3.7.08. - TERRITORIALISM, SOVEREIGNTY, CENTRALIZATION, PLURALISM, AUTHORITIES, TRADITIONAL SOCIETY, WARFARE STATE, PERMANENT REVOLUTION, SOCIETY, ORIENTAL DESPOTISM
STATE: Wanted: The State – for crimes against the individual.” – Poster by SLL, showing Uncle Sam in his famous pose.
STATE: war is by far the most important psychopathic activity of modern states.” – Alex Comfort, p.57 of: ALEX COMFORT, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print & off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. - & WAR, POWER, AUTHORITARIANISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: Warning: The State May Be Hazardous To Your Health.” – SLL sticker.
STATE: We are aware of course that the state does exist. Its threat is as real as its guns and armies. But the point Spooner makes is that in a legal sense the state has no reality. In the case of the U.S. government its operatives are ever changing, its alleged principals (“the people”) are a secret body which remains always undefined, and the contractual documents which presumably stands as the legal basis of the state is of “no authority”. – J. Michael Oliver, In Defence of Pirateering, LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 7/77.
STATE: We are fighting no selfish battle, advocating no private cause. It is public freedom that we want. We say that the world is not, as a fact, composed of a few vast unities known as States, set over against crowds of isolated individuals, but is a society of societies, each and all with rights, liberty and a life of their own.” – J. N. Figgis, in David Nicholls, ed., The Pluralist State, 1975, p.140. – At least it should be. – JZ, 29.6.08. – PANARCHISM.
STATE: We are in a state.” – This old saw can be interpreted as an ambiguous anarchist slogan. – JZ, n.d.
STATE: We are no longer free people but serfs of the all powerful state.” – Anderson/Miles, Constitution, p.33. – POWER, SERFDOM, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: We are plagued by a corrupt polity which promotes unlawful and/or immoral behavior.” – Frank Herbert, The Dosadi Experiment, GALAXY, 6 or 7/77.
STATE: we can but too clearly follow its rise, from the primitive hordes who had come together out of fear or lust for plunder, up to the highest organization of the lust for plunder in the totalitarian State. The State is not a thing dictated by nature, a necessary thing, but a human form of organization, imperfect, like all the work of human hands.” – Frank E. Warner: The Future of Man, p. 5.
STATE: We find ourselves placed into a State system and should leave it as soon as we are able to do this.” – D. E. Sattler, Thesen zur Staatenlosingkeit, Natan’s Privatedition, Frankfurt/M. – JZ tr. of: “Wir sind in einen Staat verschlagen und sollten ihn verlassen, sobald wir dazu faehig sind.” – INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM
STATE: We make war upon the State as the chief invader of person and property, as the cause of substantially all the crime and misery that exist, as itself the most gigantic criminal extant.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted in (25-2) Carl Watner, Benjamin Tucker and his Periodical, LIBERTY, in JLS, Fall 77, p. 308. - CRIME
STATE: We must also realize that the strength gained by a victorious State through war is in large part taken not from the enemy but from (its own) people.” – Felix Morley, State and Society, quoted in Templeton: The Politicization of Society, p.76. - The term "its own people" denies already the self-ownership of the people in the territory which the State has monopolized. - JZ, 11.3.11.
STATE: We must disabuse our minds of the thought that the state is a thief, the state are thieves. It is not a system which creates privileges, it is a number of morally responsible mortals who do so. (*) A robot cannot declare war, nor an a general staff conduct one; the motivating instrument is a man called king or president, a man called legislator, a man called general. In thus identifying political behavior with persons we prevent transference of guilt to an amoral fiction and place responsibility where it rightly belongs.” (**) – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.389. - (*) As if all people within a state system were quite free to follow their conscience. That is not even assured in schools and universities, far less in many other bureaucracies, in police forces, and in defence forces. People make up institutions but institutions also strongly influence the behaviour of individuals. – (**) Do we really, when we try to blame a private within a hierarchical military system, who follows wrongful orders, issued by his general or even a supreme commander like the US President? – How much freedom of choice and action has the officer or soldier - even in the armies of the most democratic States today? – Is there nothing compelling them in the situations they find themselves in? – Are they not under military discipline and what has been called "military justice"? (***) Do totalitarian terror systems and mass murder systems, e.g. in extermination camps or indiscriminate city- or area-bombing, not work at all? – Can recruits not be trained into efficient fighting machines? – If membership in all institutions were quite voluntary and everyone were free to resign at any time, to secede and rather do the own things, alone or together with like-minded people, and the right to disobey and resist wrongful orders were quite recognized, it would be quite another matter. - JZ, 2.7.08. - (***) I do not remember who said: Military justice relates to justice like military music relates to music. - JZ, 11.3.11. - DIS., Q.
STATE: We must not only cease our present desire for the growth of the state, but we must desire its decrease, its weakening ...” - Leo Tolstoy
STATE: We must remember that the principal instrument of government is coercion and that our government officials are no more moral, omnipotent, nor omniscient than are any of the rest of us. Once we understand the basic principles which must be observed if freedom is to be safeguarded against government, we may become more hesitant in turning our personal problems and responsibilities over to that agency of coercion, with its insatiable appetite for power.” – W. C. Mullendore. – Leaving even war and peace decisions in their hands is a recipe for disasters. – JZ, 2.1.08. - POWER, GOVERNMENT, RESPONSIBILITY, POLITICIANS, PUBLIC SERVANTS, BUREAUCRACY, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, PARLIAMENTARIANISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, COERCION & POWER AS AN INSTRUMENT
STATE: we must wait until we have learned by experience – perhaps cruel experience – to trust in the state a little less and in mankind a little more.” – Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat – A Man Alone, p.239. – Just a little change in this direction will not be enough – unless it is a voluntary, tolerant, individual secessionist and exterritorial autonomy change. – JZ, 2.7.08. – PANARCHISM, STATISM, EXPERIENCE, TRUST, TERRITORIALISM, MANKIND, FREEDOM
STATE: We should distinguish at this point between "government" and "state" … A government is the consensual organization by which we adjudicate disputes, defend our rights, and provide for certain common needs … A state on the other hand, is a coercive organization asserting or enjoying a monopoly over the use of physical force in some geographic area and exercising power over its subjects.” – David Boaz. - - "Limited government" advocates have their own self-delusions. - Only exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers could realize this ideal of David Boaz and most other libertarians. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. – Under territorialism this is a distinction without a difference! – Limited governments that are still territorial governments, are not limited and tolerant enough! - JZ, 5.4.09. - VS. GOVERNMENT? VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL & MINORITY GROUP SECESSIONISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM IN EVERY SPHERE! PANARCHISM
STATE: We won’t overthrow the state, we’ll simply foreclose its mortgages.” – Mick Marotta, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, Feb. 74. – Compare PEACE PLANS 19 C on how this might be done, effectively, in practice. – JZ, 5.7.08. – TAX STRIKES, PRIVATIZATION, GOVERNMENT DEBTS, BANKRUPTCY OF THE STATE, REPUDIATION OF PUBLIC DEBTS
STATE: What class does not solicit the favors of the state?” – Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat – A Man Alone, p.130. - FAVOURITISM, SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS, LOBBIES, STATISM, Q., CLASSES, MINORITIES, Q.
STATE: What has made the State a hell on earth has been that man has tried to make it his heaven." - Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin, who died in 1843. – If the attempts had been made only in exterritorially autonomous communities, under personal laws, we would have accumulated a lot of valuable experiences in the meantime. – JZ, 26.12.07. & TERRITORIALISM, WELFARE STATE, TOTALITARIANISM
STATE: What is the State anyway but organized banditry?” – Murray N. Rothbard, REASON, 3/73.
STATE: What is the State, and where did it get its rights?” - Theo P. Perkins, in Tucker's LIBERTY, 1892. - This should be especially asked regarding the territorial State with compulsory membership or subordination. Obviously, the exterritorial State or society, with voluntary members, competing peacefully in the same territories with other such bodies, would not constitute such a problem. - JZ, 3.2.02. & RIGHTS, Q., TERRITORIALISM
STATE: What Proudhon does is to change his definition of property; when he now justifies it as the safeguard of liberty, he is thinking, not of the usurial property he condemned in his earlier works, but of the property that guarantees the independence of the peasant and the artisan. He raises a new antinomy – property versus the State. Property represents individualism, the State is the extreme negation of individual liberty, and Proudhon therefore seeks an adjustment of property which will help men to control their destinies independent of the State.” – George Woodcock, Proudhon, p.239. – PROPERTY, INDIVIDUAL LIBERTY
STATE: What the state encourages, languishes. What the state protects, dies.” – Paul Gauguin, The Painter. – PROTECTION, SUBSIDIES
STATE: What then is the legitimate “political” concern of the person interested in a free, volitional community, based, individually respectful society?” - Karl Hess, The Lawless State, p.21. – PANARCHISM, Q., VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM
STATE: What we call the State is only certain managing persons in a party. It is not the nation; it is not even the majority; but it is a small number of politicians in whose hands the majority place their guidance. What we call the State is therefore almost bound by its nature to act with a partiality that often amounts to corruption. - Auberon Herbert, A Voluntaryist Appeal. - PARTIES, NATIONS, MAJORITY, POLITICIANS, RULING CLIQUE, CORRUPTION, PARTIALITY
STATE: What we must do is to begin at the zero point and then critically examine both suggested alternatives. Suppose, for example, that we were all suddenly dropped down on the earth de novo, and that we were all then confronted with the question of what societal arrangements to adopt. And suppose then that someone suggested: “We are all bound to suffer from those of us who wish to aggress against their fellow men. Let us then solve this problem of crime by handing all of our weapons to the Jones family, over there, by giving all of our ultimate power to settle disputes to that family. In that way, with their monopoly of coercion and of ultimate decision making, the Jones family will be able to protect each of us from each other.” – I submit that this proposal would get very short shrift, except perhaps from the Jones family themselves. And yet this is precisely the common argument for the existence of the State. When we start from the zero point, as in the case of the Jones family, the question of “who will guard the guardians?” becomes not simply an abiding lacuna in the theory of the State but an overwhelming barrier to its existence.” - Murray N. Rothbard, Society Without A State, THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, Jan. 75. – PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM
STATE: What we're saying is that the power of the State should no more be available to secure economic privileges for one group at the expense of another, than to impose a favored religion. - You mean that its role should be to protect your freedom to make a living any way you choose. - Exactly… And to keep what you make, and to spend it as you see fit.” - James P. Hogan, The Mirror Maze, 54. - As if any territorial State, even a very limited one, would be very good at that or could be very good at that. "Delegated responsibility is none!" says an old proverb. - JZ, 25.1.02. - POWER, PRIVILEGES
STATE: What, we may well ask, is the Cosa Nostra if not a state, with all the prerogatives of a state? To be sure, it is at war, we say, with “organized society”. But is not every major state also at war with its leading rivals?” – Milford Q. Sibley, The Obligation to Disobey, p.33. – How powerful and how aggressively criminal, with victims, would organized crime be without the territorial State restrictions upon free market activities like e.g. the production of, trade with and use of alcohol, tobacco, other drugs, gambling and betting, and of prostitution, unregulated and untaxed by the State? – JZ, 4.7.08. – TERRITORIALISM, TURF, MAFIA, COSA NOSTRA, ORGANIZED CRIME, SOCIETY, WARFARE STATE, Q.
STATE: Whatever the State saith is a lie, whatever it hath is a theft: all is counterfeit in it, the gnawing, sanguinary, insatiate monster. It even bites with stolen teeth. Its very bowels are counterfeit.” – Nietzsche, as quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.539.
STATE: When all the fine phrases are stripped away, it appears that the state is only a group of men with human interests, passions, and desires, or, worse yet, the state is only an obscure clerk hidden in some corner of a governmental bureau. In either case the assumption of superhuman wisdom and virtue is proved false.” – W. G. Sumner, Commercial Crises, 1879. – POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRACY
STATE: When anarchists call for the elimination of the state, they do so not because they are destructive on principle but because they subscribe to the thoroughly sound philosophical argument that the modern state is fundamentally negative and antisocial in its implications. … The historian Carlton J. H. Hayes points out that “the era of the Enlightenment, which witnessed … the growth of skepticism about Christianity, witnessed also a substitute exaltation, a sanctification, as it were, of the secular state, especially of the national state.” In this crucial bifurcation of American political life lie the origins of the contemporary struggle between libertarianism, with its faith in social man, and authoritarianism, with its faith in the repressive state.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.582.
STATE: When authority presents herself in the guise of organization, it develops charms fascinating enough to convert communities of free people into totalitarian States.” – THE TIMES, London, quoted in Hayek, The Road to Serfdom, Chapter XIII. – Any territorial authority is already halfway towards totalitarianism. – JZ, 5.7.08. – PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM
STATE: When it becomes possible to speak of freedom, the state, as such, will cease to exist.” – Friedrich Engels, Letter to August Bebel, March 18, 1875. – Some talk about freedom, at least among trusted friends, always went on. It has not yet sufficed to abolish the State or to make it shrink away. There was always more talk about statism. – JZ, 29.6.08. – DIS.
STATE: When the fox administers justice, the chickens will always be found guilty.” – Cat Farmer - ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
STATE: When the people are weak the State is strong; when the State is weak the people are strong. Hence the State that follows a true course strives to weaken the people.” - From "The Book of the Ruler of Shang", written in the middle of the fourth century BC by the ruler of Shang province. Kung-sun Yang (better known as Shang Yang) - VS. PEOPLE, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRACY, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM
STATE: When the state takes life on gallows or battlefield, it gives sanction to private persons to follow its lead in other situations. How can one maintain that it is the individual who commits violence when all he knows and is permitted to think is hammered into him by the iron hand of the state? The institution of government, moreover, despite its own inability to make any intelligent moral choices when it formulates social policy, rides like a juggernaut over the feelings and interest of individuals.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.154. – What knowledge of and respect for all genuine individual rights and liberties does any territorial State possess and provide? – JZ, 4.7.08, 11.3.11. - CRIME, MORALITY, VIOLENCE, STATISM, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, DOMINATION, RULE, GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUALISM, Q.
STATE: Whenever is found what is called a paternal government, there is found state education. It has been discovered that the best way to ensure implicit obedience is to commence tyranny in the nursery.” – Benjamin Disraeli, 1874. - EDUCATION, SCHOOLS, PATERNALISM, STATISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, OBEDIENCE, SUBORDINATION
STATE: Where the state begins, individual liberty ceases, and vice versa.” – Mikhail Alexandorvitch Bakunin, Federalism, Socialism and Anti-Theologism, 1867. Also: Oeuvres, Vol. I, p.143. – quoted in Seldes: The Great Quotations.– LIBERTY
STATE: Where the State ceases there beginneth the man who is not superfluous.” – Friedrich Nietzsche
STATE: Where will be we led by the illusion that impels us to believe that the state is a person who has an inexhaustible fortune independent of ours? …” - Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.129.
STATE: Wherever we find an institution which requires the heavy hand of the state to sustain it, he urged, that institution has already been judged in advance.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.240, on Dyer D. Lum. – The primary institution requiring compulsory support is, naturally, the territorial State itself. – JZ, 4.7.08.
STATE: Wherever we look, the state is large or growing. (*) Food, shelter, and medical care are subsidized, regulated, or controlled to some degree in all the once-liberal economies.” – Allen H. Meltzer, Why Government Grows, p.6. - (*) Some very small States do still exist: Monaco, the Vatican, Liechtenstein, etc. – JZ ) – DIS.
STATE: Whether intending it or not, Mary Shelley describes the triumph of men who devise and support the State, only to have the State take on a life of its own, a humanness that ‘out-humans’ its devisers. As the State struggles to do the good things it intends to do, it is condemned by its own inhumanness and becomes progressively monstrous. The creature endowed with immortality will have to destroy itself. …” - Robert LeFevre, reviewing Mary Shelleys “Frankenstein”, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 3/75.
STATE: Whether it is true or not that man was created in sin and brought up in evil, the State did arise out of aggression and persists through aggression.” – Herbert Spencer, 1850. – Only a JZ re-translation of a German version. – AGGRESSION
STATE: While belonging to a (*) State a man cannot be free. And the greater the State the more violence is necessary, and the less is true freedom possible.” – Tolstoy, “The End of an Age”, quoted in: Henry W. Nevinson, Essays in Freedom, London, Duckworth & Co, 1909, 1911, p. 272. – (*) territorial – We got away from slavery and serfdom in the old forms but not yet from tax slavery and other symptoms of being owned by territorial States. We have the same right to secede from it and to do our own things and live our own lives as the run-away slaves and serfs had and the religious dissenters and non-conformists. Territorial politicians cannot fully and rightly represent all of the population of a whole country, no more so than a single church or sect could fully represent the religious views of all the population or a single sport, fashion, hobby, craft or art all the preferences of its usually very diverse population. - JZ, 5.4.09. - VS. FREEDOM, TERRITORIALISM, SLAVERY, SERFDOM, FEUDALISM, STATISM
STATE: While it lives, it destroys. – T.Z., 5.2.74, at 12.
STATE: While the health of individuals and civilizations depends upon the value of truth, all political systems are firmly grounded in lies, illusions, and false promises. Almost all who support the state do so out of a conditioned belief that it will protect our lives and property; and yet it is the essence of the state to coerce with threats of punishment or death, and plunder through taxation, its alleged beneficiaries. Unlike a productive civilization, a healthy state cannot coexist with truthfulness.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, 77. – True enough for territorial States. Not true for ALL exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers. Some of them will realize shared truths of their voluntary members. In others the same errors will be believed by rulers and ruled and insofar the ruled will not be lied to. – JZ, 20.2.05. - POLITICS, TERRITORIALISM, TRUTHS & LIES, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM
STATE: While the state exists there is not freedom. When freedom exists there will be no state.” – Lenin, The State and Revolution, 1917, Collected Works, vol. 33, 1966, p.95. – He, too, failed to take into consideration the possibilities of competing or voluntary States, societies and communities, with voluntary members and subjects only, under personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy, in spite of numerous and long-lasting historical precedents for such organizations. - & FREEDOM, THE TERRITORIAL STATE
STATE: Why am I an enemy of the State? Because I want to live in peace, because I do no longer want to be deprived of the fruits of my labor, because I want to as I please, as long as I do not disturb anyone in his activities, because I want to associate quite unhindered with those, whose interests are in any relation to my own – with one word: because I want to be free.” – John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.136. – JZ tr. of: “Warum ich ein Gegner des Staates bin? – Weil ich in Frieden leben will; weill ich mich nicht laenger um die Fruechte meiner Arbeit bestehlen lassen will; weil ich tun und lassen will, was mir beliebt, solange ich keinen anderen in seinem Tun und Lassen störe; weil ich mich ungehindert mit denen vereinigen will, deren Interessen zu den meinigen in irgendeiner beziehung stehen; mit einem Wort: weil ich frei sein will.”
STATE: Why Common Thieves Are Better Than Socialists: 1.) Thieves have the guts to do the job themselves. 2.) Thieves don’t steal in the name of "justice". 3.) Thieves don’t masquerade as "liberals". 4.) Thieves don’t comprise a unified political mob of millions. 5.) Thieves don’t loath freedom and individuality. 6.) Thieves don’t undermine the Constitution. 7.) Thieves don’t promote mind control via "political correctness" and "hate" crimes. 8.) Thieves don’t own/control the "establishment" media. 9.) Thieves don’t indoctrinate our children to be unquestioning drones of the state. 10.) Thieves can be arrested.” – Mark Gilmore - SOCIALISM & THEFT, THIEVES, PRIVATE CRIMINALS VS. POLITICIANS & LAWMAKERS OR REPRESENTATIVES
STATE: Why does almost everyone trust the State but distrusts the politicians and bureaucrats who do, under this trust, quite inevitably, come to manage or, rather, mismanage the State? – JZ, 25.7.92, 7.8.12. – Is it the old error once again of the divinity of the king or emperor or Czar, assuming that he could do no wrong? – JZ, 2.7.08. – STATISM, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, TRUST, FAITH, BELIEF
STATE: why should a rational person give what is in effect a blank cheque, an open-ended consent, to a government?” – R. A. Childs, Anarchism and Justice, part IV, p.27. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, VOTING, GOVERNMENT, REPRESENTATION, DEMOCRACY, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, Q.
STATE: Why should we have any State at all?” – Anarchist question put by Nozick, according to Roger Donway, THE FREEMAN, 4/75, p.251. – ANARCHISM, Q.
STATE: Wir gruenden einen Staat: Juhu - wir gruenden einen Staat. Jawoll, einen Staat. Jeder darf jetzt einen Staat gruenden. Seinen Staat. Was die koennen, koennen wir schon lange. Wir brauchen kein Grundgesetz, wir brauchen kein Parlament. Jeder waehlt sich selbst und ist endlich mal seine eigene Gerichtsbarkeit. Wer Lust hat, kann sich ein Gefaengnis bauen und sich ab und zu mal selbst einsperren. ... Und jeder soll das Recht auf seine eigene Atombombe besitzen. ... Na, und wenn wir uns dann alle, wirklich alle, mit unseren Atombomben zu einer Abruestungskonferenz zusammensetzen wuerden, dann kaeme sicher auch nicht weniger dabei raus als in Genf. ... Jeder sagt nur noch sich selbst, was er tun und lassen soll. Jeder muss ganz alleine an seine eigene Ideologie glauben und sie dann auch alleine ausbaden. Die heiligen Kriege werden nur noch mit sich selbst ausgefochten. Und morgens begruesst man freundlich seinen Nachbarn, den Staatschef, plaudert ein bisschen ueber die Regierungsgeschaefte, borgt sich etwas Milch fuer sein Volk und spielt dann mit ein paar Koeniginnen und Koenigen eine Partie Voelkerball." - Konstantin Wecker, in: Im Namen des Wahnsinns. (Hear, hear - we establish a State. Yes, a State. Everyone may now establish a State, his State. What they can, we can do better. We need no Basic Law, we need no parliament. Each elects himself and is at last his own judge. Whoever wants it, can build himself a prison and incarcerate himself now and then. Gradually and certainly, one will become sympathetic to a more humane penal system. ... And each should have the right to his own nuclear bomb. ... And when finally all of us, really all, would sit down with our atomic bombs, in a disarmament conference, then the result would certainly not be less than that of Geneva. ... Everyone would tell only himself what he must do and what not. Each would have to believe in his own ideology on his own and would have to suffer its consequences on his own. The holy wars would then be conducted only with oneself. And every morning one would give a friendly greeting to one's neighbor, the government chief, talk a bit on government affairs, borrow some milk for one's people and play afterwards with some queens and kings a set of volley ball.) - As long as even the most progressive poets do not take their own fundamental liberties more serious but only joke or write satires about them, we should not expect them to help us much in realizing them very soon. To give each a mass murder weapon would, naturally, not be a solution. However, to give each responsibility on nuclear disarmament makes some sense and this responsibility can be sensibly organized, too. - JZ 8.1.93
STATE: With the control of information, the authorities could convince people that they acted to further public welfare, that they were the embodiment of the public good, of law and order." - Murray Rothbard, in his essay "Society without a State" in which he wrote, "I define the state as that institution which possesses one or both (almost always both) of the following properties: (1) it acquires its income by the physical coercion known as "taxation"; and (2) it asserts and usually obtains a coerced monopoly of the provision of defense service (police and courts) over a given territorial area. An institution not possessing either of these properties is not and cannot be, in accordance with my definition, a state."
STATE: Withdraw your sanction from the State!” - Source? – Anarchists have done that for a long time. It did not do them much good. They are still not free to secede from it. – JZ, 5.7.08. – DIS.
STATE: Within those peculiar associations which unreasoning chance has combined and which one calls States, after they have existed quietly for a while, and the resistance against the new repression has subsided, and the unrest between the different forces has settled, the abuse gets through its persistence and through its general tolerance a kind of fixed form. Then the dominant classes, in uncontested enjoyment of their achieved privileges, have nothing more to do than to enlarge these privileges and to give these enlargements also a fixed form. …” - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Die Bestimmung des Menschen, Drittes Buch, Glaube, S.135. - JZ tr. of: „Im Innern jener sonderbaren Verbindungen, die das vernunftlose Ohngefaehr zusammengebracht, und welche man Staaten nennt, erhaelt, nachdem sie nur eine Zeitlang ruhig bestanden haben, der, gegen die noch neue Unterdrueckung gereizte Widerstand, erschlafft ist, und die Gaerung der verschiedenen Kraefte sich gesetzt hat, - der Missbrauch durch seine Fortdauer, und durch die allgemeine Duldung eine Art von fester Form; und die herrschenden Staende, im unbestrittenen Genusse ihrer errungenen Vorrechte, haben nichts mehr zu tun, als dieselben zu erweitern, und auch der Erweiterung dieselbe feste Form zu geben. ...“
STATE: Woodrow Wilson, in his book “The State”, also identifies government with force: “Government, in its last analysis, is organized force.” – Stated very simply, a government issues edicts – laws – which are backed by a constabulary or policemen. Obey, or suffer the consequences! Other agencies or persons must rely on attraction, service rendered, peaceful persuasion.” – Leonard E. Read, THE FREEMAN, 2/75. – LAWS, FORCE, COERCION, TERRITORIAL MONOPOLISM
STATE: Yes: death – or renewal! Either the State for ever, crushing individual and local life (*), taking over in all fields of human activity, bringing with it its wars and in domestic struggles for power, its palace revolutions which only replace one tyrant by another, and inevitably at the end of this development there is … death! – Or the destruction of States, and new life starting again in thousands of centres on the principle of the lively initiative of the individual and groups and that of free agreement. – The choice lies with you!” (**) – Peter Kropotkin, quoted in: Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible. - - (*) and exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers! – (**) Alas, not yet! - JZ, 4.6.08. – PANARCHISM, DECENTRALIZATION, INDIVIDUALISM, VOLUNTARISM, ANARCHISM.
STATE: you convince them that the state is the root of all evil. They, in turn, carry on likewise, and in time you have a roster respectable enough to make its influence felt.” – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.387. – How successful would you be with this effort e.g., as a university professor, as a Jew marched into a gas oven, as a dissenting soldier in an army of conscript, as a single opponent, like Ron Paul, in Congress, as a dissident in Nazi Germany or in Soviet Russia or now in Red China or North Korea? – How much enlightenment has so far been spread by all the anarchist and libertarian websites online? - JZ, 28.6.08. – Q.
STATE: You write that Nozick did not succeed in deriving the just minimal state. Then you write that if an institution does not tax, it is not a state. Since taxation itself is not just, then the “just state” is a logical impossibility. – My own definition of a ‘state’ does not necessarily include taxation. If the state were financed by user fees, for example, and it still had an enforced uniform law, why would it not be a state? The essence of a state is centralized use of ultimate force, not taxation.” – A contributor in THE CONNECTION (No.? date? page?) addressing himself to Taylor-Redford.