An Anthology of
Wisdom & Common Sense
On the personal and social changes required to achieve
freedom, peace, justice, enlightenment, progress & prosperity in our time
Index - T1
(1973 - 2012)
TAGESSPIEGEL, DER: Berlin newspaper, 27.7.1958: "With the Bedouins everything is regulated according to the unwritten laws of the desert. Jurisdiction is the task of the sheik or a special judge - but their judgments are not binding. But those not wanting to submit to a sentence can no longer remain with the tribe but have to seek refuge and acceptance with another tribe, for the tribe is not only the political but also the juridical community." - I once wrote to it, to publish under its "cultural notices", where it notes many research requests, my search for remaining correspondence and papers of Ulrich von Beckerath. It replied negatively, since he had never been published in D.T. Indeed, he was always censored out of it and does remain so. - JZ, 17.1.99. - Daily papers do NOT mirror the world as it really is and as it could and should be but represent rather the narrow and distorted views of their journalists and editors, all too much in agreement with popular prejudices, errors and myths. Thus their papers sell better. - JZ, 22.9.04, 3.2.12. – BEDOUINS, ARABS, JURISDICTION
TAIWAN: The argument of the world with the Red Chinese regime about the status of Formosa could, perhaps, be ended, under public opinion pressure, if e.g. a "capitulations" treaty would be proposed that would grant Red China exterritorial status for its volunteers in Taiwan, in return for it granting exterritorial Taiwan status to Chinese in Mainland China. This offer should later be extended to the rest of the world, as a public test of the popularity or unpopularity of both regimes. Only territorialist prejudices could be advanced against this solution. If the Red Regime would not consent to this, it would lose face and would stand revealed as an imperialist regime. The superiority, equality or inferiority of every government, society and system should be thus tested every day – simply by individuals becoming free to join them or to secede from them, thus clearly showing how much of a "mandate" any of the until then quite exclusively territorial government has really remaining, among its voluntary members, even among the populations of islands in the neighborhood, not only upon continental territories. Does e.g. continental Europe have a right to the inclusion of England, Ireland, Iceland, Corsica, and Sardinia in its federation? The irrationality of exclusive territorial claims is best revealed in the instances of islands and their population, when sovereignty over them is claimed by continental States. In this respect one of the most absurd "nation States" is Indonesia. - JZ, 14.9.04, 3.2.12, 11.8.12. – FORMOSA, CHINA, INDONESIA, IRELAND, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIAL NATIONALISM & STATISM
TALENTS: In this world people have to pay an extortionate price for any exceptional gift whatever.” – Willa Cather, The Old Beauty and Others, 1948. – The exceptional people should have built up exceptional special markets for themselves and their talents. Then, and between them, they could achieve an enormous influence and almost guarantee their success, based upon their talents, ideas and creativity, innovations, inventiveness and reforms, a.s.a.p. - They should also have striven for panarchistic freedom to experiment, under full exterritorial autonomy, together with other volunteers. – JZ, 1.8.07. – They need it much more than members of the majority or “the masses”. It is their right and even their duty to establish it and to make full use of it. – JZ, 11.8.12. - IDEAS ARCHIVE, TALENT CENTRE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT, PANARCHISM
TAME, CHRIS R.: On the Side of the Angels, A View of Private Policing, 2pp, 1989, LA, sheets 745-46 in PP 1052-1061. - Chris R. Tame - On the Side of the Angels: A View of Private Policing (pdf) - Libertarian Alliance, Political Notes, 40, 1989. - By now there are many writings on this subject. I have neither as yet seen an anthology of them nor a comprehensive bibliography, abstracts- and review collection. Who will provide either, if they are not already offered somewhere? – J.Z., 11.8.12.
TANGIER & PROTEGEE CITIZENSHIP: Hier blüht mancherlei Weizen … Netz mit weiten Maschen. - Tangers Rechtsprechung liegt bei den Konsuln. Von JOACHIM JOESTEN, DIE WELT, 22.8.1953. (Illustration ausgelassen. – JZ) (Here flourish many kinds of wheat … net with wide openings. Its Jurisdiction lies with its consuls.) - Mit weiten Minderheitenrechten waere wohl passender. - With extensive minority rights – might be a more suitable expression. But I fear that by now they have been extinguished by a larger territorial statism. – JZ, 11.8.12. - - - Es ist gewiß nicht so, daß der amerikanische Gesandte in Tanger aus reiner Bosheit möglichst vielen Gesetzen seine Zustimmung versagt, bloß um seine Kollegen und die Allgemeinheit zu aergem. Im Gegenteil — die Gesandtschaft macht von dem ihr faktisch zustehenden Vetorecht nur sehr sparsamen Gebrauch. Aber immerhin ist es vorgekommen, daß Gesetze, die bereits mit der Unterschrift des Mendoub versehen waren, die Hürde des amerikanischen „right of assent" nicht passieren konnten. - - - So wurde z. B. 1951 eine Verordnung erlassen, die es dem Personal der verschiedenen Rundfunksender auferlegte, einen Fragebogen über Lebenslauf und frühere Beschäftigung auszufüllen. Die amerikanische Gesandtschaft, die mit Recht witterte, daß die Verordnung in erster Linie auf die Angestellten des „Voice-of-America"-Senders gemünzt war, fragte vorsichtshalber in Washington an, wie sie sich zu verhalten habe. - - - Es gibt immer einen Ausweg - - - Vom State Department kam Weisung, das Gesetz nicht zu kooptieren. Als der amerikanische Vertreter seinen Kollegen davon Kenntnis gab, entstand aber ein solcher Aufruhr, daß die amerikanische Gesandtschaft nach erneuter Fühlungnahme mit Washington zum Rückzug gezwungen war. Nach weiteren Verhandlungen einigte man sich schließlich auf eine wunderbare Formel echt Tangerscher Prägung, die es allen Beteiligten erlaubte, das Gesicht zu wahren. - - - Die strittige Verordnung wurde zwar nicht kooptiert, aber die amerikanische Gesandtschaft erklärte sich bereit, ihrerseits allen Angestellten der „Voice of America" einen Fragebogen vorzulegen, der im Inhalt genau dem bereits von der Internationalen Verwaltung herausgegebenen Entwurf entsprach. Nach erfolgter Ausfüllung durch das Rundfunk-Personal, zog die Gesandtschaft die Fragebogen ein und ließ sie unter der Hand weitergehen. - - - So wird heute in Tanger diplomatisches Theater gespielt. Aber es kommt noch schöner. - - - Zum Gesamtkomplex der Kapitulationsrechte gehört auch das sogenante Protégésystem. Das ist eine ganz alte Schwarte, die heute in aller Welt nur noch historisches Interesse hat. (*) Nur nicht in Tanger. Dort gibt es auch heute noch Protégés, und zwar ausgerechnet amerikanische. (*) Als ob viele Verfolgte nicht gern diese Moeglichkeit fuer sich haetten! – JZ, 9.12.04.) - - - Ich bin ein Protégé - - - Ein Protégé in diesem Sinne ist ein Eingeborener, der sich durch formelle schriftliche Erklärung dem Schutze einer ausländischen Macht unterstellt (diese tut ihm natürlich den Gefallen der Schutz-Erteilung nur, wenn er sich dafür entsprechend nützlich macht). - - - (JZ: Chinesische protegés gab es auch bei den extraterritorialen “foreign concessions” in China. Beckerath schlug mal vor, dass libertaere Fluechtlinge bei einem kleinen Staat, fuer einen freiwilligen Tribut, sich einen solchen Status kaufen – und ihn dann, allmaehlich, in einen exterritorialen Status umwandeln sollten. Sie koennten sich durch die Beschaeftigung und andere Beteiligungen vieler Eingeborener an ihrem durch Wirschaftsfreiheit erreichten Wohlstand dazu genuegend populaer machen, populaerer als die Schutzregierung, wenn diese nicht auch das libertaere Programm annehmen wuerde. Warum sollte sie das nicht tun? Ihre Einnahmen und ihre Popularitaet wuerden vergroessert werden und ihre Ausgaben verkleinert! – JZ, 9.12.04.) - - - Ist ein Eingeborener zum Protegé erklärt worden, so ist er damit in rechtlicher Hinsicht den Staatsangehörigen der betreffenden Macht gleichgestellt. Vor allem wird er durch diesen Akt der einheimischen Gerichtsbarkeit entzogen. - - - Nun geschah es unlängst, daß die Internationale Verwaltung eine Verordnung erließ, wonach in gewissen. Bezirken der Stadt Neubauten nur bis zu einer Höhe von maximlal sieben Stockwerken errichtet werden dürfen. - - - Ein arabischer Unternehmer pfiff auf die Verordnung und baute sich frisch-fröhlich ein Haus mit neun Stockwerken. Als ihn die Polizei zur Rede stellte, zog der Mann seelenruhig ein Papier aus der Tasche, aus dem hervorging, daß er ein Protégé der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika sei. Da das betreffende Gesetz nie von der amerikanischen Gesandtschaft kooptiert worden sei, erklärte der Bauunternehmer den verdutzten Beamten, habe es für ihn, als amerikanischen Protégé, keine Verbindlichkeit. - - - Auf dem Gebiet der Gerichtsbarkeit hat die Sonderstellung amerikanischer Bürger zur Folge, daß eine ohnehin schon reichlich komplizierte Sachlage heillos verworren wird. - (JZ: ? So sehr und so ungerecht wie die territoriale Rechtsprechung?) - - - Es gibt nämlich heute in Tanger nicht weniger als vier Arten von Gerichtszustaendigkeit. - (JZ: Sogar primitive Kongoneger wurden mit 5 Arten fertig, waehrend die territoriale “Rechtsprechung” fuer einen Fall oft Dutzende von Rechtsanwaelten, Jahre und Millionen von Dollars braucht. – JZ, 8.12.04.) - - - Ueber die eingeborene Bevölkerung, soweit sie mohammedanischen Glaubens ist, sitzt der Kadi zu Gericht. - - - Fuer die marokkanischen Juden sind weitgehend rabbinische Gerichte zuständig. - - - Ueber alle Rechtsanlegenheiten der europäischen Kolonie entscheidet der Gemischte Gerichtshof (Tribunal mixte), bei dem spanische, französische, englische, italienische und belgische Richter amtieren. - - - Die paar hundert Amerikaner aber können nur vor dem "Consular Court" der Gesandschaft beklagt bzw. verklagt werden, gleichgültig, ob es sich um einen Mietrueckstand, ein Vergehen gegen die Verkehrsordnung, ein gebrochenes Eheversprechen, eine Unterschlagung oder einen Mord handelt. - - - Für die Amerikaner selbst hat die uneingeschränkte Konsulargerichtsbarkeit eine zumindest theoretisch ernste Kehrseite. Beim „Consular Court" gibt es nämlich keine Jury, und auch manche andere herkömmliche Garantien amerikanischer Rechtsprechung fehlen. Man kann sogar sagen, daß die Konsularjustiz in gewisser Hinsicht den selbstverstaendlichsten Grundsaetzen der Rechtspflege, wie sie in allen zivilisierten Staaten ausgeuebt wird, zuwiderlaeuft. - - - Maechtige Potentaten - - - Auch die Konsuln der anderen Nationen sind mächtige kleine Potentaten. So steht z.B. das Recht, Angehörige der zehn Signatarstaaten aus dem Gebiet der internationalen Zone auszuweisen, nur den eigenen Konsuln zu. - - - Pro forma liegt auch dem seltsamen Staatsgebilde von Tanger das klassische Prinzip von der Dreiteilung der Gewalten zugrunde. Neben der Legislative (die, wie oben ausgeführt, von zwei Instanzen geübt wird) und der in vier Ausgaben amtierenden Justiz gibt es noch Exekutive, nämlich die Internationale Verwaltung. - - - An der Spitze dieser vollziehenden Gewalt steht der Administrator, der nach dem Statut belgischer, holländischer, schwedischer oder portugiesischer Nationalitaet sein muss. Da sich Schweden faktisch nicht an der Verwaltung beteiligt, rotiert das Amt in der Praxis zwischen Belgiern, Holländern und Portugiesen. - - - Dem Administrator stehen zwei Unterverwalter zur Seite, von denen der eine, dem das Finanzwesen obliegt, auch aus dem Kreis der obengenannten vier “neutralen" Nationen stammen muß, während der andere, dem die Ämter für Gesundheitswesen und marokkanische Angelegenheiten unterstehen, Franzose sein muß. - - - Formell wird der Administrator vom Mendoub auf Vorschlag des Kontrollkomitees ernannt. Aber da der Vertreter des Sultans faktisch keine Möglichkeit hat, einen ihm vorgeschlagenen Kandidaten abzulehnen, ist es tatsaechlich so, daß der Chef der Verwaltung und seine Assistenten von dem Gremium der acht Konsuln bestellt werden. - - - Da ferner die Richter des Gemischten Gerichtshofes ebenfalls von ihren respektiven Konsuln ernannt werden, ist es sonnenklar: In Tanger legieren die Konsuln.” - (JZ: Taten sie das nun wirklich schlechter als die meisten Territorialregierugen in “ihren” Laendern? - Fuer Jahre nach dem 2. Weltkrieg war Tanger ein grosses Beispiel fuer Wirtschaftsfreiheit. Wie frei sind seine Einwohner jetzt, under einer Nationalregierung? – JZ, 9.12.04.) – I leave it to others to provide an English translation, a better one than I could or would. – JZ, 11.8.12.
TANNEHILL, MORRIS & LINDA: The Market for Liberty. Is Government Really Necessary? Is Government our Protector or our Destroyer? - Self-published 1970. Apart from describing in detail the workings of a laissez faire society, as they see it, they describe ignoring of laws as a transitional measure, on pp. 167/8. - http://www.mises.org/store/Market-for-Liberty-P302C0.aspx
TANSTAAFL: It’s the insignia of the Invisible Hand Society. … There Ain’t No Such Thing as Government Interference. (*) … What is it, some kind of paradox? … “It’s no paradox, … It’s a simple statement of fact.” – Robert Anton Wilson, Schroedinger’s Cat III, p.82. (*) There Ain't No Such Thing As A Free Lunch. – It seems that anarchists, like politicians, have their denials, too. - Who hasn’t experienced numerous government interventions in his life? Did the victims of the Holocaust and of government caused wars, inflations and mass unemployment all give their consent? Wilson tried to back up his statement with: “Government is anarchy’s way of making more anarchy.” – As if governments were able to producing babies, like the children of the baby boom and as if the children were flawless, compared with their parents. And such an assertion occurs while e.g. in China abortion for second children is still compulsory. Moreover, if that were true: Seeing that we got so much government, how much anarchy has it produce, apart from anarchy in the misunderstood sense of "chaos"? - JZ, 14.3.11. While it is true that government interference is often more based upon bluff than force, totalitarian and terrorist actions by governments are also all too common and we haven’t achieved e.g. individual secessionism, voluntary State membership and voluntary taxation as yet, not even in the “democratic” States. – While the saying: “For every tyrant a thousand ready slaves!” is largely true, what about the few anarchists, libertarians and panarchists that are also existing – and who are so far still victimized, much against their will, by the territorial statists? One can play around all too much with mere words, while ignoring facts. – JZ, 31.7.08. – DIS., Q.
TANSTAALG: There Ain’t No Such Thing As A Limited Government.” – David Michael Myers, INDIVIDUALIST, Vol. 4, No. 1, p.3. – The limited government of most libertarians is still a territorial government and, insofar, still all too unlimited. – JZ, 1.8.08. - LIMITED GOVERNMENT. TERRITORIALISM
TAO: Before you drown in government-sponsored tears, remember the Taoist’s advice that “Even the right thing usually turns out to be wrong when done by the wrong man.” (*) – For the Taoist-Libertarian, the Man from the Government is always the wrong man.” - Richard Lubbock, THE MERCURY, Nov. 78. – A territorial government is not only THE MAN, but also an institution, a wrongful and coercive one. - JZ, 14.3.11. - (*) Or by the wrong institution, one that is tax-based and has involuntary members, like a territorial government. - JZ, 14.3.11. – DIS., PANARCHISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, TOLERANCE, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, WELFARE STATE, STATE, BUREAUCRACY, GOVERNMENT, STATISM
TAO: I think libertarianism must be like the Tao. It loves and nourishes all of mankind’s values, but it does not lord it over them. The Tao is what the Chinese philosophers of the 6th Century B.C. came to call “The Way of All Things”. – Richard Lubbock, THE MERCURY, Nov. 78. – This notion of Libertarianism and Tao comes, in very general terms, close to panarchism. – JZ, 31.7.08. – If it had been clearly enough expressed by Laotse or his followers, then history might have taken a better course. - JZ, 14.3.11. - PANARCHISM, LIBERTARIANISM, METAUTOPIA
TAO: Taoist: My universal ethical rule is that everyone has the right to do whatever he wants.” - Richard Lubbock, THE MERCURY, Nov. 78 – The habitual criminal, too? At least one should add a qualifier, like: At the own expense and risk. Or: while respecting the same right and liberty in others. - JZ, 14.3.11. - DIS. PANARCHISM, LAW OF EQUAL FREEDOM
TAO: Taoist: So you say, and I assure you, good Sir, that you are as free as the wind to feel, speak and act as objectively or as furtively as you please. We Libertarians cannot interfere, so long as you do not transgress our own equivalent rights, which are naturally symmetrical to yours. As I have already indicated, the Tao commands nothing, does nothing, and yet gives rise to everything. And of course it follows from the same attribute that not everything is capable of being permitted by the Tao, for if it were, logical impossibilities could arise.” - Richard Lubbock, THE MERCURY, Nov. 78. - LIBERTARIANISM
TAO: The great Tao flows everywhere, to the left and to the right. All things depend upon it to exist, and it does not abandon them, To its accomplishments it lays no claim. It loves and nourishes all things, but it does not lord it over them.” – Lao-tse, translated by Alan Watts. –
TAO: The Tao is not Jehovah. As the Chinese sage Lao-tzu wrote in the 5th century B.C.: “The Tao’s principle is spontaneity.” – And that, Sir, is the principle of Libertarianism, too. - Richard Lubbock, THE MERCURY, Nov. 78. - Many things and institutions take a lot more than spontaneity to produce or establish. - However, individuals seceding or joining a panarchy may act spontaneously. An individual cannot spontaneously establish any particular panarchy. At most he can propose it to others, with some success. - JZ, 14.3.11. - DIS., VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM
TAO: What you can depart from is not the way.” – Confucius in Canto 74. – Robert Anton Wilson, The Illuminati Papers, on Ezra Pound, p. 104. – But that one can depart from institutions, associations and even the State, by seceding from them, is a good thing and will, at least in the long run, lead to better things or ways. When you do not wish to depart from an association, community, State or society, then that may indicate that you have already found in it the way or path that is good for you, at least at your present stage of development and enlightenment. – One should certainly not be inseparably attached to anything except the own life and even is somewhat conditional. - JZ, 31.7.08, 11.8.12. – INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM
TAOISM: Because to the end it does not seek supremacy; it is able to accomplish great things.” – Lao Tzu, in Medhurst edition, p. 85. – Compare: TOLERANCE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, SUPREMACY, DOMINATION, TERRITORIALISM,
TAOISM: Tao is sometimes translated “the Way”, though another possible translation is “natural law”. As used in Taoism, the Tao refers to the way of ways, the law of laws, the ultimate reality and its structure, as expressed in I Ching as “The Tao consists of yin and yang [i.e. The Tao is the unity of two opposites.]”. Taoism is a political philosophy unterlain by Taoist cosmology, the philosophy of paradoxes and of nonaction. Lao-tzu urges the ruler ‘the sage”) to refrain from acting, to accept the good with the bad, to let people pursue their own actions. In the Taoist view, harmony can be achieved only through strife or competition.” - David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997, p.207. - Why confine the alternative actions and communities to two only instead of as many as do find voluntary supporters? - “What use do I have for the emperor’s power!” said Laotse. It is the emperor, the central government, which should not be active, pro-active or interventionists but let a variety of panarchies and polyarchies peacefully and actively compete with each other. – JZ, 3.10.07. - In place of the emperor or any limited government I would rather have an ideal militia force to uphold all genuine individual rights and liberties but only to the extent that they are claimed by these volunteers in their own panarchies or that they do interfere with such rights in the affairs of other panarchies, that do claim them for their members. - JZ, 14.3.11, 11.8.12. - MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS, PANARCHISM & POLYARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM
TARRING, C. J.: British Consular Jurisdiction in the East, London, 1887.
TASTE: Every man to his own taste.” – Proverb, 16th c. – Hyman Quotes, p. 262. – TOLERANCE, INDIVIDUALISM, LIBERTY, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY
TAX EXEMPTIONS & TAX REDUCTIONS TOWARDS VOLUNTARY TAXATION, VOTING: All-over tax burdens will only be significantly reduced once individuals become free to “shrug” them off, together with their supposed benefits. - JZ, 7.9.89. - Everyone who does not vote should be considered as an autonomous, exterritorial, voluntary and individual secessionist - and should be tax-exempt from that day onwards, except for all charges for services wanted and ordered, received and used by him by him and also billed to him, after proper auditing. - JZ, 4 Sep. 89, 10.10.89, 11.8.12.
TAX STRIKE: Almost every Protestant revolution or resistance seems to have been accompanied by wide-spread refusals to pay taxes to the territorially dominant monopoly church. Alas, historians usually fail to report these refusals sufficiently to clarify their influence upon the events. – JZ, 12.11.93. – (Just as they are disinclined to try to understand and report the effects of monetary freedom experiments, private emergency money issues, that happened again and again under monetary despotism, our of sheer necessity.) It is also noteworthy that at least in Europe the Protestants had to arm, organize and train themselves to establish and maintain at least their religious liberty. Hopefully, we will soon become sufficiently enlightened to achieve all our secular liberties and rights and a mutual tolerance in the political, economic and social spheres that corresponds to religious tolerance, even for atheists, without prolonged resistance and fighting. It is unlikely that it can be achieved with total non-violence. Too many vested interests are involved. But the extensive tolerance that would be involved, for all self-responsible actions, in every sphere so far monopolized by territorial States, would greatly minimize resistance against it, once it is clearly seen as what it is and what rights, liberties, chances and opportunities it offers to all decent and peace and justice loving people, whatever their ideology, territorialist totalitarians and authoritarians excepted. Even the ranks of these people would be greatly and fast reduced by individual and group defections from them. The further enlightenment that is required for this great change would need something like a genuine cultural revolution, one that would greatly speed up and ensure the process of enlightenment. The technology for this does already exist. It has just to be optimally used in dozens of new and old ways. – JZ, 19.7.08, 11.8.12. – PROTESTANTISM, MONETARY FREEDOM, TOLERANCE, PANARCHISM, NONVIOLENCE, MILITIAS, WARS, REVOLUTIONS, CULTURAL REVOLUTION, ENLIGHTENMENT
TAX STRIKE: If we successfully refused to pay territorial governments, then we might finally become financially able to pay for those services that we do really want and that would be competitively supplied to us. – JZ, 24.10.93, 19.7.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAX STRIKE: Introduce true democracy and voluntary taxation by first letting each individual fully dispose of or vote his own tax funds for whatever public expenditures he prefers. – And if you want to finally stop the tax slavery of coercive taxes altogether, then go on collecting and distributing some taxes yourself, for a while, in the transition state, and be it only to take over the payment of salaries to the defence forces, the police, pensioners etc. Alternative institutions take some time to develop and to finance. One can only speed up this process as much as possible by doing it the voluntary, competitive and exterritorial autonomy way, via various panarchies. – JZ, n.d. & 23.7.08.
TAX STRIKE: the next revolution … will be when those who work refuse to support those who don’t.” – Walter Hickel. - If a tax strike were combined with or expressed by individual secessionism, then it would, most likely, be more successful. One should always take into consideration that soldiers and policemen are paid out of tax funds. So the secessionists ought to pay or organize their own armed forces and hire away or employ otherwise the soldiers and policemen of the State. They may have to do so anyhow, to achieve and maintain their tolerant form of secessionism and voluntary associationism, expressed in the formation of varies panarchies: competing governments and societies, all only with voluntary members and confining their activities to them. Many soldiers and policemen are dissatisfied with their jobs and would join those panarchies which they prefer for themselves. Under freedom for panarchies there would, soon, also be many other attractive and productive jobs open for them in those panarchies, which introduced full economic freedom, including monetary and banking freedom. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. – This case of a limited voluntary taxation, in the own interest, would be only a temporary action, aiming at the success of a liberation effort, including the permanent establishment of voluntary taxation, at least through voluntary membership in all future governance, societal and community organizations. – JZ, 11.8.12. - WORKING PEOPLE VS. PUBLIC SERVANTS & THEIR FAVORITES, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION & PANARCHISM: See e.g. Herbert Spencer's ch.19 of "Social Statics". - VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION & PRICING: Taxes are going up so fast that government is likely to price itself right out of the market." - Dan Bennett. - Yes, if taxes were voluntary, as they would be under panarchism, because of the voluntary membership of all its diverse panarchies. - JZ, 12.7.92, 3.2.12. - As experience has shown recently, territorial governments, with compulsory membership and national sovereignty, would rather cut essential services than government powers or spending upon their favorite projects. Unless taxes become voluntarily, as to their existence and height and kind, they can be ruthlessly increased, even if only by the tax involved in inflation, and enforced in spite of wide-spread dissent with the government and its spending. - JZ 7.1.93. - Taxes are not free prices and thus do not offer the advantages of free prices to all the parties involved in trading. - JZ, 10.12.03. – JOKES, DIS.
TAXATION A LEVYING OF IMPOSED TRIBUTES, EVEN WHEN FORMALLY APPROVED BY POLITICAL “REPRESENTATIVES”: How “voluntary” and consensual taxation is in democracies would be rapidly revealed if tax payment were made voluntary. Taxes are still coercive tributes – unless they are fully based upon individual membership in the society or community in which they are levied, which would be the case in all panarchies. Here lies one of the Achilles Heels of territorial States. Once the possibility of voluntary taxation or contributions for public services if fully realized the territorial States will soon collapse for lack of members and taxpayers. – JZ, 28.1.05.
TAXATION TO BE REPLACED BY FREE PRICING & CONTRACTS FOR FREE ENTERPRISE SERVICES THAT ARE WANTED: Free market pricing and contracts for ALL wanted public services, competitively offered and freely chosen from - for all but aggressive criminals, i.e., criminals with victims. - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.3.04.
TAXATION: A man in the U.S.A. has successfully started about a dozen State referendums, which have resulted in their government being refused some $ 200 million in tax increases since 1963. He once made the interesting remark: “If you have money, and the government needs it, they can get it. – But if they’ve got your money and you need it – you can’t get it.” – PROGRESS, Aug. 77. A Melbourne Georgeist magazine. – An individual or a dissatisfied minority should not need a successful election campaign or a referendum to secede! – PANARCHISM: To each the government or non-governmental society of his or her choice! – JZ, 4.8.08.
TAXATION: a medieval European serf only had to work for his master one-fourth of the year (unlike the modern taxpayer); …” - Poul Anderson, Past Times, p.147 & 202?. - & SERFDOM, MIDDLE AGES, MODERN FEUDALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: A small and untaxed income is often almost as good as a high and highly taxed one. – At least you have the consolation not to have contributed to the bastards. – JZ, 5.7.82. – Alas, one cannot escape indirect taxes in this way. To make the avoidance of indirect taxes possible, their percentage in all goods and service prices should be clearly indicated, so that secessionists could easily avoid paying them and the remaining voluntary statists would become aware of how much their statist faith costs them. That might then induce many of them to secede as well. – JZ, 24.10.08.
TAXATION: A society that robs an individual of the products of his effort … is not strictly speaking a society, but a mob held together by institutionalized gang rule.” - Ayn Rand, The Virtue of Selfishness. - GOVERNMENT, MOB RULE, SOCIETY, TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: All incomes belong to those who honestly earned or otherwise acquired them rightfully, i.e. not like the tax department does, various pressure groups and monopolists do and various favored hand-out recipients, regardless of how meritorious, poor and needy these recipients may be or pretend to be. – Since all people in a territory are unlikely to ever agree on related questions and problems as well as proposed solutions, let the different factions, groups and movements opt out - to do their own things only among themselves. - JZ, 31.3.84, 4.8.08. – PANARCHISM, OPTING OUT, DOING THE OWN THINGS FOR OR TO ONESELF, WELFARE STATE, SELF-HELP, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, PANARCHISM
TAXATION: All men were declared to be created equal … And then we re-introduced slavery by the 16th Amendment. Please recognize that one can be slave by being held in physical bondage, and, he can be a slave by having all the fruits of his labor seized by others, who then return a small portion to the worker so he can continue working and producing more goods and services which can be seized for the benefit of his ‘owners’. Such a condition is slavery, no matter how you slice it, and the 16th Amendment to our Constitution gives the Congress power to seize 100% of everything that any worker can produce. Obviously, then, Congress (and the federal government) “own” all the workers, and they proceed to seize as much of the fruits of the labor of all workers as they think they can seize without creating unrest enough to produce open revolution. That is why I support the Liberty Amendment, which will repeal the 16th Amendment and repeal the federal income tax.” – JAG, 15.1.77. – Alas, even such a simple proposal has not yet won over public opinion. – One should be free to secede from such an opinion, its laws and institutions. – JZ, 4.8.08. – PANARCHISM, SLAVERY
TAXATION: All money nowadays seems to be produced with a natural homing instinct for the Treasury." - DUKE of EDINBURGH – Actually, there is not sufficient tax foundation for all the forced and exclusive currency that governments pump into circulation through their monopolistic and despotic central banks. – JZ, 29.4.09.
TAXATION: All politicians and bureaucrats should depend only on voluntary contributions. That would make them relatively harmless. – JZ, 9/81
TAXATION: All tax funds could achieve much more and would block no creative activities – if they were, instead, left in the hands of the people. – JZ, 20.3.93, 19.7.08.
TAXATION: All tax reforms undertaken by territorial governments are designed to increase the total take of the government and thus to increase this burden upon all those people ruled against individual wills. – JZ, 14.11.92, 25.7.08.
TAXATION: All taxation amounts to robbery or fraud, to coercive expropriation or to taking money under false pretences. – E.g., only 20 % of the petrol taxes are spent on roads. – JZ, 10/88, 5.8.08.
TAXATION: All taxation is based upon lies, errors, myths, prejudices, false premises, false conclusions and mere pretences. – JZ, 24.12.93, 19.7.08.
TAXATION: all taxation is coercive seizure of property for the primary benefit of someone other than the one who earned it.” - Dr. R. S. Jaggard, in JAG, 31.3.74.
TAXATION: All taxation is theft." – Paul Lepanto, "Return to Reason”, p.135. - No, there can be such a thing as 'voluntary taxation' or contributions among groups or communities of volunteers. – JZ
TAXATION: All taxes are indiscriminate, intolerant, coercive, primitive, aggressive and criminal and have to be abolished. – JZ – 13.9.75. – For all but volunteers for them. – JZ, 18.10.08.
TAXATION: All the Congress, all the accountants and tax lawyers, all the judges, and a convention of wizards all cannot tell for sure what the income tax law says.” – Walter B. Wriston. - All dissatisfied with that mess and its numerous wrongs should become free to opt out from under it and to establish their own communities with their own contribution schemes, according to their own ideals, under personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy. The current tax system alone should already suffice as a sufficient incentive to explore and realize that alternative. But many other good reasons speak for it as well. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. – Compulsory taxation won’t be abolished until the alternative of voluntary contribution schemes for wanted services been made widely known as rightful and practicable. – JZ, 11.8.12. - HAS BECOME ALL TOO HEAVY, COMPLICATED, CONFUSED & CONFUSING, ABSURD, CONTRADICTORY, EVEN LARGELY UNKNOWABLE, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION: All the fiery rhetoric of the Founders was directed at a "tyrant" who taxed his subjects at a rate of about three percent. Today, we in "the land of the free" are taxed at about 50 percent when you add federal, state, and local taxes. What kind of government would do this? A dictatorship would.” – Doug Newman - TYRANNY, FOUNDING FATHERS, TAX RATES THEN & NOW, TAX SLAVERY, DICTATORSHIP
TAXATION: All your taxes and regulations freeze old wealth , and make new fortunes impossible – except for those with political pull. The rich fend off the law, while those below get picked clean by your … IRS.” – L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, p.120. – I hadn’t encountered more libertarian SF novels by him in recent years. A few days ago an email reported to me that he is boycotted by conventional book publishers because of his libertarian tendency. He should go into publishing himself, selling emailed or disked novels upon prepaid orders. That he could afford to do. Indeed, some will then pass on his titles to friends. That will only help to make his writings more popular. Largely just like lending a title to a friend, only faster and less risky. – Free publicity! Just like many online books that are freely downloadable, promoting sales of the printed issues. Those, who really come to love a book title will want to get it and keep it in print – if they can afford the price. For those, who wanted them in print he should either accept advance orders to finance such impressions or have a contract with one of the print-upon demand firms. – I would love to get all his writings complete, digitally or otherwise. - JZ, 6.8.08.
TAXATION: Almost all able-bodied involuntary taxpayers should organize, train and arm themselves for successful resistance against governments, their tax collectors, wrongful laws and armed forces, best in some kind of self-managed militia of volunteers for the effective protection of all their individual rights and liberties. Otherwise, territorial governments are unlikely to respect all their individual rights and liberties and, as territorial governments, they could not do so anyhow. The more of the victims of governments did this, the less actual fighting and resistance would be necessary. So far they are only well prepared and conditioned to remain victims. – JZ, 17.12.93, 19.7.08, 15.3.11. . - TAX STRIKE, ARMED & ORGANIZED
TAXATION: An expression of the common experience and attitude: 'None of the above deserves my vote, my money or my compliance’ should become a real option at every ballot. – JZ, 19.9.81. - VOTING
TAXATION: An inscription on the Internal Revenue Services building in Washington modestly claims that taxes are the price we pay for civilization.” – Karl Hess, in PENTHOUSE interview, 2/79. – Taxes are rather the high price we are forced to pay for remaining uncivilized. – JZ, 30.3.94. - Rather: we are forced to pay them in order to remain, even against our will, under the uncivilized conditions of territorialism. - JZ, 15.3.11. - CIVILIZATION
TAXATION: anarchists ... claim that the very first act of governments, the compulsory payment of taxes, is not only a denial of the right of the individual to determine what he shall buy and how much he shall choose to offer, but is nothing more than adding insult to injury when the very money extorted from him should be used to his disadvantage." - Laurance Labadie, in LIBERTY, Summer 74. - TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: And collect they do, every April 15th. Why do you think they call it collectivism?” - L. Neil Smith, Lever Action, A Mountain Media Book, 2001, email@example.com, p.71. - & COLLECTIVISM, TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: And it is time for people to understand that governments not only are not necessary, but are harmful and most highly immoral institutions, in which a self-respecting, honest man cannot and must not take part, and the advantages of which he cannot and should not enjoy. And as soon as people clearly understand that, they will naturally cease to take part in such deeds - that is, cease to give the governments soldiers and money. And as soon as a majority of the people ceases to do this the fraud which enslaves people will be abolished. Only in this way can people be freed from slavery. And in order not to do the evil which produces misery for himself and for his brothers, he should, first of all, neither willingly nor under compulsion take any part in governmental activity, and should, therefore, be neither a soldiers, nor a field-marshal, nor a minister of state, nor a tax-collector, nor a witness, nor an alderman, nor a juryman, nor a governor, nor a member of parliament, nor, in fact, hold any office connected with violence. That is one thing. Secondly, such a man should not voluntarily pay taxes to governments, either directly or indirectly; nor should he accept money collected by taxes, either as salary, or as pension, or as a reward; nor should he make use of governmental institutions, supported by taxes collected by violence from the people..." - Tolstoi, in Sprading, "Liberty and the Great Libertarians”, p.333. - The most important part might be to refuse to accept the government's forced and exclusive currency at all and to replace it by competitively issued currencies that are optional and discountable against their sound value standard - for all but the issuers themselves. - JZ, 15.3.11. - GOVERNMENT, SECESSIONISM, GENERAL STRIKE AGAINST TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS
TAXATION: And politics, throughout time, has existed solely through the resources that it has been able to plunder from the creative and productive people whom it has, in the name of many causes and moralities, denied the exclusive employment of all their own powers for their own welfare." - Karl Hess, The Death of Politics, p.17. - TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: And they come up with more and more programs. And that requires more and more money. Presently, the people are bowed under a weight of taxation and government debt that becomes intolerable. But they don't know what to do about it. They imagine that if government weren't there, they would be unprotected. The fact is that they are not at all protected from their government, which takes more from them than is stolen by all the thieves and crooks outside of government." - Robert LeFevre – PROTECTION, CRIME, TERRITORIALISM, WELFARE STATE
TAXATION: Any historical study of taxation leads inevitably to loot, tribute, ransom – the economic purposes of conquest. The barons who put up toll-gates along the Rhine in medieval times were tax-gatherers. So were the gangs who “protected”, for a forced fee, the caravans going to market. The conquering Romans introduced the idea that the money they collected from subject peoples was merely just payment for maintaining “law and order”. (*) For a long time the Norman conquerors collected tribute from the English, but later, when an amalgam of the two peoples resulted in a single nation, the collections were regularized in custom and law and called taxes. – The simple fact is that taxation is robbery. It is a barbarous practice, as anachronistic and oppressive as the tribute paid by medieval serfs to their kings.” (**) – Frank Chodorov, quoted in LIBERTY, 9.10.78. - (*) Were they, always, quite wrong in this? Were they not, at least to some extent, also a peace-making and civilization-bringing power, just like the English were, to some extent, in India? – E.g., they largely abolished there the burning of widows. One should not malign even a devil! This does not deny any of the wrongs, exploitations and abuses that happened, but which also happened in India, Rome and Italy under Rome’s rule. - Since even now our political ideas and institutions have not improved all that much, or not yet sufficiently, we should not blame the old robber empires and kingdom too much. They brought a degree of peace and justice – ending the almost continuous warfare between the lords and princes of feudalism, but then also greater international wars and civil wars. – Pax Romana, Pax Britannica, Pax America. – Think of the civil wars that followed the end of the Soviet regime. – Also how the Austrian Empire kept a degree of peace and freedom, at least for a while, among a number of diverse peoples. - - (**) According to some reports that I had read, or seen historical movies about, some kings were far preferable as overlords to the local feudal lords and, somehow, kept the peace between these local warlords, creating the “King’s Peace” and with it a degree of loyalty to Kings, which, certainly, not all of them deserved. - JZ, 4.8.08. - However, there are non-territorial alternatives that are just, voluntary and better, also cheaper, than all the "protection" that any territorial regime is willing and able provide. The compulsory continuance of territorialism keeps these advantages out of our lives. - JZ, 15.3.11.
TAXATION: Anybody has a right to evade taxes if he can get away with it. No citizen has a moral obligation to assist in maintaining the government. If Congress insists on making stupid mistakes and passing foolish tax laws, millionaires should not be condemned if they take advantage of them." - J. Pierpont Morgan, statement to reporters, quoted in "LABOR", June 15, 1957. – Especially seeing, that he has not individually chosen it for himself and is not free to secede from it. – JZ, 2.8.08. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PROPERTY RIGHTS
TAXATION: Anybody who pays taxes should be shot." - Chuck Brookes. - Why shoot the victims and not the victimizers and beneficiaries? Besides, there is nothing wrong with paying taxes towards the support of one's own system, a system run exclusively at one's own risk and expense and that of like-minded volunteers. – JZ - DIS.
TAXATION: As a producer or trader you don't owe anything to the government – except fees for competitively supplied services that you asked for. – JZ, 75/81.
TAXATION: As John C. Calhoun trenchantly pointed out in the early nineteenth century, the very existence of taxation negates any possibility of such neutrality. For, given any level of taxation, the least that will happen will be the creation of two antagonistic social classes; the “ruling” classes who gain by, and live off, taxation; and the “ruled” classes who pay the taxes. In short, conflicting classes of net tax-payers, and net tax-consumers. At the very least, the government bureaucrats will necessarily be net tax consumers, other such will be those persons and groups subsidized by the inevitable expenditures of government.” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p. 177. – We have such unequal distribution of burdens and benefits in the best of the nuclear families and also in various communistic or collectivist communities of volunteers, without the voluntary participants thinking and acting like exploiters and exploited, victims and victimizers. In other words, Calhoun’s and Rothbard’s thinking here applies mainly to coercive territorial systems, not to communities and societies of volunteers only. - JZ, 5.8.08. - TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSORY CLASS DIVISION & INEQUALITY
TAXATION: As University of California Prof. Brian Murphy recently put it, “Through taxation the government drafts us into the service of society.” - Tim Condon, in REASON, 3/79. - Rather, into the service of THE TERRITORIAL STATE! – At least professors should be able to distinguish between society, societies and territorial States. – Alas, they, too, are products of statist mis-education. - JZ, 5.8.08. – STATE & SOCIETY
TAXATION: because, with money, they can hire soldiers, and with soldiers extort more money; and also compel general obedience to their will. It is with government, as Caesar said it was in war, that money and soldiers mutually supported each other; that with money he could hire soldiers, and with soldiers extort money. So these villains, who call themselves governments, well understood that their power rests primarily upon money. With money they can hire soldiers, and with soldiers extort money. And, when their authority is denied, the first use they always make of money, is to hire soldiers to kill or subdue all who refuse them more money. For this reason, whoever desires liberty, should understand these vital facts, viz.: 1. That every man who puts money into the hands of a 'government' (so called), puts into its hands a sword which will be used against himself, to extort more money from him, and also to keep him in subjection to its arbitrary will. 2. That those who will take his money, without his consent, in the first place, will use it for his further robbery and enslavement, if he presumes to resist their demands in the future." - Lysander Spooner, "No Treason", VI/16, Works I.
TAXATION: Before and during the Revolutionary War the battle cry was 'no taxation without representation'. Apparently, ours is worse with representation than theirs was without it. But we really don't have true representation as to taxation." - W. Vaughn Ellsworth, in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 8/76. - Only forms of quite voluntary taxation would and could truly represent the taxpayers regarding their tax payments and the spending of such revenues. - JZ, 15.3.11.
TAXATION: Collecting more taxes than is absolutely necessary is legalized robbery.” – President Calvin Coolidge. – Quoted in N.Y. TIMES, 4.3.55. - Who ought to decide on this? Each taxpayer for himself! Your supposedly 'necessary’ expenditures still amount to robbery when paid for out of my pockets and against my will! – JZ - His wrong premise is that any taxation is really necessary, and it largely follows from his premise that a territorial government with involuntary subjects is really necessary. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. - TAXATION IS ROBBERY
TAXATION: Compulsory territorial taxation is contrary to morality, rationality, common sense and sound economics, like any other imposed tribute, even when formally legalized and juridically defended. How long would it last without the coercion and the lies and false pretences involved? – How long would it continue, on its supposed merits and benefits, if every individual and dissenting group would be freed to opt out from under it and the system that it finances? - JZ, 17.11.93, 19.7.08. – PANARCHISM, Q., VOLUNTARY TAXATION.
TAXATION: Compulsory tribute payment of a large share of one’s earnings to the modern and almost all-powerful feudal lord: the nation or the State, more particularly to the territorial government and its bureaucracy. All “nicely” legalized and juridically sanctioned – and still sheer robbery. To be finally replaced by voluntary contributions for only those services which one really needs or desired, and which are competitively supplied, either by voluntary communities or societies or by insurance companies, protective associations etc., for fees, subscriptions or premiums paid. – JZ, n.d. & 22.7.08.
TAXATION: Dime: A dollar with the tax taken out.” – Anon. – How often has inflation reduced the value of a dollar to that of a dime (ten cents) in former times, in the U.S.A.? It certainly happened in my time in Australia with the Australian dollar. Nevertheless, in spite of such evidence, the central banks are still widely considered as defenders and guardians of the currency, rather than its systematic depreciators or inflationists. People will not learn enough about the wrongness and evils of central banking until these banks, their exchange media and value standards are exposed to fully free competition. Likewise, the wrongs and evils of territorialism will only become revealed to most people once it has been abolished and replaced by exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. – JZ, 4.8.08. - JOKES
TAXATION: Do not simply reform the tax system; replace it!" - Karl Hess, The Lawless State. - By Panarchies, with their prices, fees, subscription, insurance and credit arrangements, self-help, mutual aid and charity! – Very few taxpayers will, for all their lives, volunteer to continue the present system among themselves. - JZ, 17.10.08.
TAXATION: Do you know a single, or even many, bureaucrats or politicians and trust him or them - well enough to make any decision for you, at your expense? If not, then why should you be subjected to their decision-making and their tax impositions? – JZ, 28.4.92. – Even if you trusted them, why should those, who do not trust them or may even have very good reasons not to trust them, nevertheless be subjected to the territorial rule of politicians and bureaucrats? – JZ, 5.8.08. – TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, Q., TRUST, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS
TAXATION: Don't settle for a political promise to lower taxes – lower them yourself!" - SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, Winter 75/6. – This is not yet a constitutional, legal, juridical, voting or secessionist option for the individual victim of taxation. Although it should be. – JZ, 18.10.08.
TAXATION: Dr Rothbard rejects the possibility of free government even earlier in his book (*) by asserting that “the axiom of the free society, namely, that there be no use of physical force except in defense against those using force to invade person or property … would imply the complete absence of a State apparatus or government, for the State, unlike all other persons and institutions in society, acquires its revenue, not by exchanges freely contracted, but by a system of unilateral coercion called “taxation’.” (Bold print inserted by me. – JZ) Now this is a clear non sequitur, there is not proof to the effect that governments must so acquire their revenue. Dr. Rothbard says only that they do so acquire it, at present. Which does not yet show that they must.” – Tibor Machan, INDIVIDUALIST, June 72. - (*) Power and Market, p.1. – Rothbard based his generalization on the evidence that the vast majority of States levied compulsory tributes. Moreover, as territorial States they did not permit individual and group secessions from them and exterritorial autonomy for voluntary communities of the secessionists. The supposedly ideal and sufficiently limited State, which would not have compulsory taxes and compulsory subjects, is so far largely only a dream of some libertarians, for which only very few historical precedents can be found. Thus Rothbard was right for about 99.9% of the cases and Machan and his followers have still to produce their ideal case in practice, not only in hypothesis. Or at least fully developed in theory, based upon some practical experiences. I do not know whether Machan ever envisioned exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers under personal laws. Rothbard came at least close to them, several times, in his remarks. – JZ, 6.8.08.
TAXATION: eliminate mandatory taxation entirely.” – SLL: Taxation is Legalized Theft, a leaflet. – Except for communities of volunteers. They would then only get what they deserve and had chosen for themselves – for as long as they are prepared to individually put up with it. Afterward they, too, should be free to secede from such communities. – JZ, 4.8.08, 15.3.11. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: Even in case of a revolution, Germans would strive only for freedom from taxes, not for freedom of thought.” – Hebbel, Tagebuecher, May 1836. – (JZ tr. of: “Selbst im Falle einer Revolution wuerden die Deutschen sich nur Steuerfreiheit, nie Gedankenfreiheit zu erkaempfen suchen.”) – Freedom of thought they had already anyhow. Only freedom of expression, freedom of information and freedom of action was missing. They might be much better off now, and also free to enjoy these particular rights and liberties and all others as well, if only they had made a revolution to free them from all taxes. That would have rid them of all politicians and all bureaucrats in one stroke, except those, which communities of volunteers would have hired for particular and limited purposes only. – JZ, n.d. & 15.3.11, 11.8.12.
TAXATION: Exempt the non-payers from all the “benefits” of being territorially ruled and allow them, their volunteers, their various ideals, practised in self-government or self-management under their own personal laws and institutions, under full exterritorial autonomy. In this way each would pay only for his own ideals or errors, prejudices and fallacies. – JZ, 13.9.07. – Any form of “Welfare State’ for those, who want it, but also any form of more or less free society for those who prefer it, all without any territorial powers and privileges. – JZ, 15.4.09. - VOLUNTARY TAXATION, PANARCHISM.
TAXATION: Federal taxation promotes government spending more than State taxation does and State taxation promotes government spending more than local taxation. The same applies to relatively centralized local government, i.e. when the local government units are too large. In short, limited government has only some chance to persist on a local level and based on local finance, and liberation from all government services becomes practical only once this local protection racket becomes decentralized. - JZ, 78/81, 15.3.11. – Even local governments should be exposed to the full competition from private and cooperative alternative communities or public services. No monopoly for any territorial government! – JZ, 18.10.08. - No territorial government any longer! - JZ, 15.3.11.
TAXATION: Fight crime! Abolish taxes, legal tender, central banking and territorial sovereignty of a few over the many. Abolish terrorism, despotism, civil wars, violent revolutions and international wars via individual and group secessionism and full exterritorial autonomy for all volunteer communities. - JZ, 20.9.00. - Systematically refute all world-views and philosophies, myths, errors and prejudices that promote crimes by private or official criminals and protection rackets and crime syndicates. End compulsory schooling, and membership in territorial States and conscription. - JZ, 30.1.02, 11.8.12. - & CRIME, PANARCHISM
TAXATION: For my involuntarily paid taxes I hardly ever get back from the government any services that I really want and this as prices that I would be prepared to pay for them under freedom from taxes and for competitively supplied services, among which I could freely choose. – JZ, 14.10.90, 6.8.08.
TAXATION: For my taxes I get nothing of the type, quality and quantity that I really But I do get a lot of disservices under fancy names. I'd prefer to pick and choose between the services of competing private protection agencies. – JZ, 28.4.81.
TAXATION: Get your money’s worth: Sack territorial governments at every level, all their politicians and bureaucrats – and hire, instead, only those competitively service agencies that you do want for yourself. – JZ, 6.4.94, 20.7.08. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION: Governments: the greatest robber gangs still unmasked, uncaught, and thus not convicted and punished. They even get away with murder, mass murder and systematic mass murder preparations, e.g. their nuclear strength policies. – JZ, 20.7.08.
TAXATION: How many of the present government services would be bought or subscribed to and by how many of the present government subjects, if all of these services were offered like consumer goods on supermarket, in free competition with all other goods and services supplied by other firms and if the depreciated governmental monopoly money were not the only exchange medium and value standard any longer but also subjected to free competition from better monies and value standards, especially all those redeemable, at their nominal face value, in the consumer goods and services which their issuers do have to offer? – JZ, 20.7.08. - VOLUNTARY TAXATION, MONETARY FREEDOM
TAXATION: How many people have to band together to steal from you, before a wrong becomes a right?” – Marshall Fritz. – Q. – MAJORITIES, DEMOCRACY, TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: How much would you be willing to pay for government services if the subscriptions to them would all be optional and if, moreover, they were competitively supplied by private companies? - JZ, 6.6.00, 1.2.02, 11.8.12. - & GOVERNMENT SERVICES AND SPENDING
TAXATION: How to reduce taxes? End all hand-outs, grant all social service only in form of repayable loans for which the next of kin or friends must stand as guarantors. No military expenditures at all without citizen consent by referendum. No subsidies to any enterprises. Let them stand and fall on their own merits. Those who can’t make it on the free market ought to go into bankruptcy and thus their remaining assets should get rapidly into the hands of those who can run them profitably. – With defence salaries amounting now to about 1200 million dollars p.a., every Australian pays now about $ 300 p.a. just in salaries. For this saving quite a few would gladly do 3 weeks of training per annum, full time and we would end up with a much stronger and better motivated armed force. - JZ, n.d. but many years ago. Anyhow, as was publicly stated a few years ago, all the governmental defence forces combined could effectively defend only a few kilometers of the Australian coastline. So we might as well spare us this expenditure, too. – When I came to Australia, in 1959, I was amused to read that on weekends all early warning radar stations were shut down. Typical for the provision of “defence” by territorial governments. – Free trade, free investments, free migration, and full employment, even for millions of deserters and refugees, and quite just war or peace aims, including full exterritorial autonomy for voluntary communities, combined with an ideal militia for the defence of individual rights and liberties - would provide us with a better defence or war prevention than any conventional or nuclear governmental defence efforts could. - JZ, 22.7.08.
TAXATION: I do hope that the tax avoiders and tax evaders will win their war against the territorial governments. – JZ, 8.6.82, 23.7.08.
TAXATION: I don't care whether foxes, lions or tigers raid my life-stock. I would like to get rid of all these beasts of prey in more or less democratic camouflage. But I could put up with them continuing to prey - upon their own voluntary followers only. – JZ, n.d. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM
TAXATION: I move that all those in favor of taxation and government spending be confined to tax themselves only and spend their government budget only among themselves. – JZ, 29.5.83, 4.8.08. – PANARCHISM, USER PAYS PRINCIPLE, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION: I’m a conscientious objector against territorial governments, their taxation and legislation, monetary despotism, protectionism, wars, terrorism, nuclear strength policies and international treaties. – I do not know anything good that they stand for and really achieve. – However, I would be prepared to tolerate any non-territorial State that the statists established and conducted only at their own risk and expense. That would be punishment enough for them. - JZ, 6.9.99, 20.7.08.
TAXATION: If all dissatisfied taxpayers could demand a refund – how long could any territorial government remain financial? – JZ, 14.9.88. – Then only voluntary societies and communities could continue to exist, because they would be formed by like-minded people. – JZ, 6.8.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE OF GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES
TAXATION: If every extorted tax dollar gave the taxpayer one vote and no other votes were recognized, then none of the present governments and their programs would last long. – JZ, 78/81. - At least that would be some genuine representation through voting, in which the votes of the looters and those of the looted are not simply mixed and counted together, as if all of them were of equal value and as if, together, they could really represent "the" people or the whole population of a territory. - Those, who live off taxes would then simply have no vote. However, they should be free, to establish their own welfare community, at their own expense and risk. - However, all those, whose large incomes depend rather upon governmentally legalized monopolies, should then get no voting rights, either. - But they should also become free to secede and do their own things among themselves. - JZ, 16.3.11. - VOTING, CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM
TAXATION: If the people are not going to become complete slaves of the state, we must limit the power of the government to tax. The power to tax without limitation is the power to completely control the life of the individual.” – Kenneth H. Dieter, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 9/78. – Let people secede from their “protectors”! – JZ, 22.7.08.
TAXATION: If we can prevent the government from wasting the labors of the people, under the pretence of taking care of them, they must become happy.” - President Thomas Jefferson, letter to Thomas Cooper, November 29, 1802. - The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, ed. Paul L. Ford, vol. 8, p. 178 (1897). – Another version: “If we can prevent the government from wasting the labors of the people, under the pretense of caring for them, then they will be happy." – Jefferson, quoted by Rod Manis in "Manifesto", p.113. - If we can prevent the government of people who do not want to be governed, or achieve that they are only governed in the ways they prefer, then we open up the way to happiness for most people. - JZ, 24.11.02. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING, GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS, WELFARE STATE, WASTE, PROTECTIONISM, EXPLOITATION, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM
TAXATION: If you should approve of any government expense – then only you and like-minded people should pay for it. – JZ, 21.9.91. – That would be the basic rule and practice under panarchism. – JZ, 5.8.08. – PANARCHISM, USER PAYS, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION: It is evil to force a man to fund a service for his protection if he does not wish to be protected." - Tibor R.. Machan, A Note on Neff's Anarchism, in "reason". – Has Machan applied this principle, anywhere, e.g. to the supposed ideal of limited but still territorial government? If so, then he would be well on the way to becoming a panarchist. – JZ, 17.10.08.
TAXATION: It is not a crime to refuse paying taxes. But it is a crime to coercively claim and collect them." - John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.136.
TAXATION: It is not true that the services would be impossible without taxation; that assertion is denied by the fact that the services appear before taxes are introduced. The services come because there is need for them. Because there is need for them they are paid for, in the beginning, with labor and, in a few instances, with voluntary contributions of goods and money; the trade is without compulsion and therefore equitable. Only when political power takes over the management of these services does the compulsory tax appear. It is not the cost of the services which calls for taxation, it is the cost of maintaining political power." - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax, p.230.
TAXATION: It is possible to persuade men that their welfare will be greater if they will serve as soldiers, if they will be deprived of land, if they will give away their labor in the shape of taxes; but until all men consider this their good and do it voluntarily, it cannot be called men's welfare. The sole indication of the beneficence of a thing is that men freely perform it." - Tolstoi, in Sprading, "Liberty and the Great Libertarians”, p.326. – VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE, COMPETITION, TERRITORIALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM
TAXATION: It is probably too much to hope that government will price itself out of business." - J. H. McGavran, in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 7/78. - If its services were properly priced and if it were in business, i.e. in competition with others offering the same or similar services, but more cheaply and also of better quality, then this could happen. – JZ
TAXATION: Less tax, less government spending, less controls. – JZ, 75. - No tributes to governments, no budgets for governments, no legislative, juridical, policing and defence controls for them - except those, which individual volunteers accept for themselves from governments confined to exterritorial autonomy and competing freely with other as limited governments and societies, however diverse they may be, in accordance with the wishes of their voluntary subjects. - JZ, 17.3.11.
TAXATION: local rates aren't related to the benefits you get. A local income tax would be worse, and by the time you get to the national scene, there's no relationship left. Try and trace your benefits from a share in the postal service. The whole tax and benefit system is an ugly swamp - numerous taxes, duties, licences, subsidies, allowances, welfare payments, 'free' services and so on - the net effect of which I defy even Houdini to unravel." - Terry Arthur, "95% Is Crap", p.89/90. – Rather only local than any State or federal taxes! At least you could then easily move to the least taxed areas or would have a real chance to throw the rascals out. – JZ, n.d. - - Freedom for dissenting individuals and minorities to secede from it. The rest to be free to go on with it, as long as they are willing to put up with it. Panarchism! Voluntarism! Experimental freedom! – JZ, 14.10.08.
TAXATION: Many native Americans pay little or nothing (*) in taxes, yet they live almost entirely off government expenditures (**), or receive numerous government services. This is primarily the fault of our high taxation rates and bloated welfare programs, which subsidize leisure and penalize work. Under any system of taxation, some will necessarily be tax consumers, paying less in taxes than they receive in expenditures and services; others will be taxpayers, paying more in taxes than they get from the government. If this condition did not exist, everyone would receive from the government exactly what he had paid in taxes, and there would be no justification for taxation.” – Donald H. Carpenter, NEW GUARD, July-August 1978. - (*) directly! – (**) only those in reservations! – If they were totally exempt from out laws, burdens and hand-outs, then at least the less traditional and more enlightened ones among them, on their share of land within the reservation, or, exterritorially, outside the Reservations, could have developed a boom economy, while the rest could have gone on trying to live their traditional life-style, as much as possible. – JZ, 4.8.08, 18.3.11. – RED INDIANS, RESERVATION INDIANS
TAXATION: Many will insist that there is a difference between theft by a criminal and taxation by a government. Indeed, there is: taxation is morally worse because a government, unlike a criminal, is entrusted with protecting rights. - The criminal has no such sacred trust." – Paul Lepanto, "Return to Reason”, p.136. – Why place such a trust in the greatest criminals of all? – JZ, 17.10.08. – GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: Most compulsory taxation would automatically disappear with the national territorial monopoly. – JZ, 18.7.91. – Perhaps even already as the result of the first individual that would be quite freed to secede and would do so.- JZ, 18.8.95, 18.7.08.
TAXATION: My lord, the tax commissioner, has given me slave No. XYZ. – JZ
TAXATION: My prospects aren't bright.... Because the revenooers consider tax resisters the worst of all criminals. They'll wheel and deal with gangsters and millionaires. Crooked politicians - even Presidents - and businessmen who chisel can hire hot-shot attorneys and almost without exception end up settling for so much on the dollar. They can even have the laws rewritten or, as in Nixon's case, suspended entirely. But the revenooers descend on working people like a cloud of locusts." – Karl Hess, in PLAYBOY interview, 7/76. - Underlining by me. - JZ
TAXATION: My taxes are mostly used for things I do not want or even oppose. – JZ, 74/81.
TAXATION: No collectively determined tax level is just to the individual who is not a voluntary member of that collective. Individuals should be free to pick and choose among the competitively offered public services those they wish and can afford to pay for. Not only individual services but whole package deals of them should be up to their free individual choice. These would be offered by exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, also called e.g. panarchies or polyarchies. Somewhat like big insurance, service or protection companies, which offer the kind of variety of services wanted by individual customers, members or investors. – JZ, 27.9.89, 6.8.08, 11.8.12. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY
TAXATION: No compulsory “charity” contributions to any government! Instead: fees, subscriptions, credit, insurance and private protection arrangements with any individually and freely chosen agency for wanted services only, all competitively supplied and priced. – JZ, 17.12.93, 19.7.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION: No compulsory taxes at all – is the only solution to the numerous problems caused by taxation. Let politicians and bureaucrats earn fees for services competitively offered by them and individually chosen or subscribed to. People are usually willing to pay for what they do want and can afford, especially if monetary despotism were ended as well. – JZ, 25.1.00.
TAXATION: No direct or indirect tax or government loan (postponed tax) has my consent. – JZ, 5.8.91, 19.3.11. – Should they have your consent? If so, then only you should be correspondingly taxed. – and get whatever “service” is offered, in return for your voluntary servitude. – JZ, 5.8.08.
TAXATION: no freeman should be subject to any tax to which he has not given his consent." John Adams, 1765. – Already J. A. must have thought about individual sovereignty, voluntary State membership and individual secessionism. - Are any other clear remarks on this preserved in his published writings? – JZ, 15.10.08. - PANARCHISM
TAXATION: No government can exist without taxation. … This money must necessarily be levied on the people (*); and the grand art consists of levying so as not to oppress.” - Frederick (II) The Great (1712-1784), An Essay on Forms of government (1777). - So, let's do away with compulsory taxation and with this abolish imposed territorial governments. Then only governments and communities and society by subscription could continue or be established and prevail upon their own merits. - JZ, 11.10.02. - (*) He was an absolute monarch. His statement is true only for territorial governments with involuntary subjects. Safe-cracking and pocket theft are also "arts". - JZ, 18.3.11. - GOVERNMENT, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, DIS.
TAXATION: No government is worth what it charges us. – JZ, 8.1.00.
TAXATION: No government should have any taxing powers - except those among voluntary subjects only. – JZ, 12.9.81, 18.3.11.
TAXATION: No more taxes and rates. Instead, fees and subscriptions, only for services individually wanted and competitively supplied. – No more “making available charges”, either, bureaucratically and monopolistically set, e.g. for phone services, electricity and phone connections, water supply and sewage services. – Politicians and bureaucrats never learnt sufficiently about pricing and competition in free markets and without fully free competition against their “services” and tax-funded monopoly systems they are unlikely to ever learn enough about them. - JZ, 5.8.92, 6.8.08. – PANARCHISM.
TAXATION: No one ... is as oppressed by his government as the man who pays taxes ..." - Boston Tax Protest, SIL NEWS, May 71. - One might add: This applies only to the so-called free societies, the somewhat democratic States. There are much worse monsters among the territorial governments, so that at any time since WW II we have had millions of refugees from them, against whom the territorial borders of the somewhat free countries are, usually or largely closed. When they do manage to pass them without permission and are captured, they are usually kept unproductively interned in concentration camps, often with their children, because governments are too ignorant and prejudiced to establish the conditions in which millions of their present subjects and also millions of additional refugees, asylum seekers, deserters and "economic migrants" could freely and productively support themselves. Nor are they willing or able to learn anything in this respect. They rather uphold all the wrongful legislation and institutions, legalized monopolies and privileges, which do cause and prolong mass unemployment and thus make immigrants unpopular as supposedly unjustified competitors for jobs, wrongly presumed to be naturally limited in number, instead of being limited mainly merely by monetary and financial despotism and other wrongful and irrational anti-economic laws and institutions. - Under full experimental freedom for volunteers the methods and institutions to end all involuntary unemployment could freely be practised and spread - very fast. - JZ, 18.3.11. - IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, UNEMPLOYMENT, REFUGEES, DIS.
TAXATION: No tax is just or can be just – unless it is unanimously approved by its victims. – JZ, 8.7.88.
TAXATION: No tax is rightful or makes any sense to me. – If any of them are still on your wishing list, you should realize them only among like-minded volunteers. – JZ, 21.10.93, 19.7.08.
TAXATION: No taxation without authorization.” - Dangerous Buttons No. 18. – Another supplier offers this slogan as his button No.417. – They should be authorized by individual victims – as members of communities of volunteers who are foolish enough to want to continue the taxation and hand-out system among themselves. – JZ, 24.10.08. - No Taxation Without Authorization.” – SLL button No. 417.
TAXATION: No taxed individual is or can be a quite free individual, unless, at least by his own standards, he is the voluntary member of a society of tax addicts or tax freaks. Then he would fully deserve the results of his own individual choice and would, to that extent, be free, as measured by his subjective values. – Freedom includes the option to choose a condition of voluntary slavery for oneself – as long as one is willing to put up with it. – JZ, 23.11.93, 19.7.08, 11.8.12.
TAXATION: No taxes and no government. – JZ, 77/78. - No compulsory taxes and no territorial government. - JZ, 18.3.11.
TAXATION: No taxes for a year. Sale of all government enterprises instead. Then we will no longer need any taxes. – JZ, 74. - Well, institutions like territorial governments, their parliaments and their bureaucracies cannot be rightly be sold and continued by anyone. Only their remaining capital assets, including buildings, can be sold or, rather, claims towards them should be freely distributed among all their former victims. Likewise claims against those enterprises, which territorial governments attempted to run profitably or extortionally (monopolistically), like e.g. the Post Office. – JZ, n.d. & 3.2.12.
TAXATION: No taxes on anyone! – JZ, 9.9.75. No compulsory territorial taxes on anyone. Only voluntary taxation or contribution schemes by and for volunteers should be tolerated any longer. - JZ, 18.3.11.
TAXATION: Nobody is prepared to be robbed weekly, even under the cover of legality, and that’s what the tax rebellion is all about.” - Peter Clyne interview, AUSTRALIAN PLAYBOY, June 1979. - Alas, so far most people are still all too prepared to let the direct taxation of his earnings, and also other kinds of taxation happen to them, as victims, every day. To make sure any tax rebellion is unanimously supported, it should be confined to exterritorial secessionists, under their own personal law, who could, as secessionists, no longer be legally subjected to any of the present territorial taxes of a country, no more so than any foreigners living in other countries could be. Individual and group secessionism, tax strikes, the introduction of voluntary taxation or voluntary contribution schemes and the establishment of the first of many diverse exterritorially autonomous communities and societies, including non-territorial, competing or voluntary "governments", should all be practised at the same time. To achieve that, a minimum agreement on a comprehensive declaration of genuine individual rights and liberties and the establishment of a quite rightful militia of volunteers for the protection of these rights and liberties, to the extent that communities of volunteers wish to practise them among themselves, might also be among the required pre-conditions for this kind of rightful and peaceful, as well as largely non-violent revolution. Whatever force would still have to be used would be only defensive force, directed only against the still occurring intolerant and aggressive actions of territorial statists, intolerant fundamentalists, and private terrorist movements and the usual private criminals with involuntary victims. This kind of revolution is likely to greatly diminish the number of the opponents of genuine individual rights and liberties and this rather fast. - For each group of volunteers would then be free to do its own things, however nonsensical and wrong they appear to outsiders, among themselves, among their own consenting victims. Their actions, laws, institutions, etc., applied only among themselves, would be customary, traditional, constitutional, legal and just for them, by their own standards and at their own cost and risk. - Thus outsiders should tolerate these actions among these volunteers, too, however critical they may be of what these volunteers are doing among themselves. - JZ, 18.3.11, 11.8.12. - DIS.
TAXATION: One last word on MacBride’s “opposition” to taxes. If he really thought that taxation is theft, he’d announce that under his administration, no one would be prosecuted for tax violations, and that a blanket pardon would be issued on demand to anyone for such violations. (*) Then I could believe him when he says “… we oppose all taxes” (assuming, of course, that I could take him at his word, which is another problem).” – Filthy Pierre, THE CONNECTION 64, p.16. - - (*) I would also favor their individual or group secession or “excommunication” from the territorial State, provided that their full exterritorial autonomy would be recognized and respected. – JZ, 2.8.08, 18.3.11. – PANARCHISM
TAXATION: Paying one’s fair share in taxes? Fair shares in tribute payments and extorted money to be paid to politicians and bureaucrats? – JZ, 20.11.97. – What for? Which of their xyz budget items do you actually favor? If there really are some, then you should associate with like-minded people in your kind of statist society or community, with your own budget, taxes and personal laws – but allow all others to do their own things for or to themselves. – JZ, 16.7.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, PANARCHISM
TAXATION: Perhaps a well organized tax strike should, initially, mainly consist out of paying the same amounts – or less or even more – but no longer to the tax departments, i.e., the territorial State, but to whichever alternative institutions, systems, societies, movements, communities or freely competing statist personal law associations one does prefer for oneself. – That could be most easily done if all taxes were combined into a single head tax or flat rate tax first of all. - JZ, 27.5.84, 4.8.08. - PANARCHISM
TAXATION: Referendum on all kinds of taxes and levels of taxation. Likewise on all kinds of government expenditures. To give the tax payers some real voting powers. I hold that only net payers, not tax consumers should be entitled to vote in such decision-making. Unless, voluntary membership and exterritorial autonomous communities are already the general rule, instead of territorial States. – JZ, 19.9.88, 6.8.08.
TAXATION: Repeal Taxes!" - Source? – That decision should be up to individual tax-payers, e.g. by joining panarchies that do not levy taxes on their voluntary members. – Once that option, and some of the others involved in panarchism, is understood, panarchist ideas and institutions might come to spread very fast. – JZ, 15.10.08.
TAXATION: Secede from the taxers! That should be easier than achieving the repeal of 100 000 tax laws. – JZ, 17.8.08.
TAXATION: Secondly, one searches in vain in the writings of laissez-faire theorists for a cogent theory of taxation: not only how much taxation is to be levied, but also who is to be forced to pay. The commonly adopted “ability to pay” theory, for example, is, as the libertarian Frank Chodorov pointed out, the philosophy of the highway robber: to extract as much loot from the victim as the robber can get away with – scarcely a cogent social philosophy and at total variance, of course, from the system of payment on the free market. For if everyone were forced to pay for every good and service in proportion to his income, then there would be no pricing system at all, and no market system could work. (David Rockefeller, for example, might be forced to pay $ 1 million for a loaf of bread.) – Next, no laissez-faire writer has ever provided a theory of the size of the State: if the State is to have a compulsory monopoly of force in a given area, how large is that area to be?” - Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p. 180. – Here he calls the compulsory territorial monopolists “laissez faire” advocates and does not notice the contradiction. As for size and numbers of subjects, de Puydt, in his panarchy essay, gave the answer: any numbers of volunteers but no territorial size at all. Some exterritorial panarchists may only exist in some corner of the world, intermixed with members of other panarchies, or spread over a whole former country or State, still peacefully coexisting and competing with other panarchies in the same territory, or they might be spread all of this world – and other planets, when it comes to that, in coexistence with other such world bodies of volunteers. As long as the “laissez-faire theorists”, including Rothbard himself, have not yet sufficiently considered the laissez faire of full monetary freedom, that of exterritorially autonomous communities under personal laws, that of various self-management schemes of production, fully free migration, a complete declaration of all individual rights and liberties and the best self-help defence organization for the protection of these rights, to the extent that voluntary communities want to make use of them, quite rightful war and peace aims, quite rightful defence, revolution and liberation methods, they should not be considered as scholars of laissez-faire but at best only as students of or specialists of parts of it. Laissez faire is not just confined to those aspects of economics which are usually considered. – It is the rightful rule for all human relationships that are rightful for their voluntary participants, because they are voluntary and self-responsible, including the activities of e.g. all kinds of statist and religious fools, fanatics, fundamentalists and even totalitarians, as far as their own affairs are concerned, always at the own risk and expense only. – If people believe in whipping or otherwise torturing themselves or starving themselves or poisoning themselves – let them! – Let them tax, regulate and abort themselves to death! - JZ, 5.8.08. - PANARCHISM
TAXATION: See: PERMANENT TRAVELLER. TAXMEN, SHOOTING OF? 24, ON PANARCHY I, in PP 505.
TAXATION: Something for people who are not smart enough to start their own country.” – Leister Hemingway, President, Republic of Atlantis. – This kind of movement has by now, in various forms and for various projects, existed for decades. Apparently, the promoters were either not free, financial or not smart enough to succeed. Perhaps they would have succeeded if they had not been mentally fixed on territorial liberation but had pondered how much all the diverse movements and ideologies could gain by adopting the non-coercive, voluntary and individualistic model of exterritorial autonomy under personal laws, which, once it is fully understood, does not provoke violent or other powerful resistance but, rather, collaboration towards its achievement from many among the former enemies. Just like formerly religious liberty or religious tolerance was finally “discovered” to be in the common interest of all religious people and as all scientists and technicians discovered, long ago, that full experimental freedom works best for them. In our remaining private spheres we have all numerous positive experiences with experimental freedom. Only three major spheres, still territorially monopolized, remain to be liberated, namely those of territorially applied political, economic and social systems. – JZ, 5.8.08. NEW COUNTRY MOVEMENT, PANARCHISM, OCEAN FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM VS. COMPULSION, PERSONAL LAWS VS. TERRITORIAL LAWS, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY VS. COLLECTIVIST TERRITORIAL SOVEREIGNTY
TAXATION: Space has no beginning or end and goes on to infinity with no limits! Like taxes, but on a much smaller scale.” – Anonymous. - Actually, taxation has its limits. 100 % of all incomes can never be collected without, finally, killing the taxpayers, unless they are maintained as slaves or serfs. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. – In the long run the tax slaves will finally realized that they outnumber the tribute collectors and wasters, that they can do without them and will organize, arm and act accordingly, financing whatever they wish to do in common in other and agreed-upon ways. – J.Z., 12.8.12. - DIS.
TAXATION: Speaking of criminals, the state of Israel takes 71 percent of the national income in taxes. And they call the Arabs terrorists!" - "Reason", 5/77, p.11. - JOKES
TAXATION: Spend your money wisely – instead of on politicians and bureaucrats. – JZ, 2.2.12.
TAXATION: Spend your own money freely - but none of that of others. – JZ, 75
TAXATION: Spend your own money.” – Progress Party slogan, - quoted by Viv Forbes in a 1977 talk: “Mine Your Own Business”, p. 4. - If you can, go even further and issue your own money, but without forcing it upon anybody. Just make it so attractive, that local people would gladly accept it at par, to buy with it your goods and services at market prices. Only you would have to accept it at par with its nominal value. – JZ, 4.8.08.
TAXATION: Spend, spend, spend! Elect, elect, elect! Tax, tax, tax! The people are too dumb to know." – Source?
TAXATION: start by abolishing all income taxes." - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.1022. - A better start might be made by turning all taxes into direct taxes: either income or poll taxes - because that could maximize resistance to them. - JZ
TAXATION: Start lifting taxes and removing controls." - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.1007.
TAXATION: State: "... a device for taking money out of one set of pockets and putting it into another." - Voltaire
TAXATION: stealing from some for the benefit of others (this is now our government’s main function, judged by either time spent or money generated); …” - Robert Brakeman, OPTION, Feb. 1977. - GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, STATE
TAXATION: Stifle the economic sovereignty of the individual by spending his dollars for him, and you stifle his freedom." – BUCKLEY, "Up From Liberalism”, p.201.
TAXATION: Stop supporting your own destroyers." - Ayn Rand in Atlas Shrugged, p.990. – Has anybody collected and published all voluntary taxation proposals as yet? At least potentially such a book could be a best-seller. – JZ, 15.10.08.
TAXATION: Stop taxing the poor to subsidise the rich." - Mike Stanton, FREE ENTERPRISE, 6/76. - Likewise, stop taxing the well-off and the rich to provide handouts for the poor. - JZ, 18.3.11. – Either kind of taxation is still robbery. – JZ, 12.8.12. - DIS.
TAXATION: Stop taxing the younger generation to support the older generation." - Jim Stumm, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 8.3.74, p.22. – Also stop taxing the older generations to support the young ones. That is not a government job but one for parents and grandparents, also for insurance and credit companies, if their services are required. – JZ, 12.8.12.
TAXATION: Stuart, in his work on the Constitution of England, remarked (p.135/6, quoted by Spooner, Trial by Jury, II/54) that during the time of the Saxon kings "a fine expiated their murder, as well as that of the meanest citizen". A similar clause now could really limit the taxes our rulers could impose, without risk to themselves. For then the taxpayers could take up subscribing to such funds for the fine, if necessary anonymously. Then they and could put a contract out - on their tribute levier. Such organized "crimes" could pay them very well, in tax amounts saved. – JZ, 12.8.12. - JOKES
TAXATION: Success today is when the government takes away in taxes the amount of money you always dreamed about earning." - F. F. W., READERS DIGEST, June 78. - JOKES
TAXATION: Syntax? Why not, they tax everything else.” – Anonymous. - A wordplay on "sin". Anyhow, most "sinners" are already taxed in one way or the other. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. - JOKE
TAXATION: Take a look at your tax bill and you will stop calling them 'cheap politicians'." – “MAD”. - JOKES
TAXATION: Take care of your pence; the State will take care of your pounds!" - W. R. Latham. - Take care of your cents. The government will take care of your dollars. – JZ - JOKES
TAXATION: Take your hands out of my pockets! I reserve to myself the right to make or refuse handouts with my money. – JZ18.11.75.
TAXATION: Taking away income which was earned in free exchange and handing it over to someone who has not earned it – is denying equal citizenship rights and responsibilities … it is a form of civil war.” – George Hardy, ANTI-MONOPOLIST NEWSLETTER, 15.10.77.
TAXATION: Taking somebody’s money without permission is stealing, unless you work for the IRS; then it’s taxation. Killing people en masse is homicidal mania, unless you work for the Army; then it’s National Defense. Spying on your neighbors is invasion of privacy, unless you work for the FBI; then it’s National Security. Running a whorehouse makes you a pimp and poisoning people makes you a murderer, unless you work for the CIA; then it’s counter-intelligence.” – Robert Anton Wilson - & ROBBERY, WAR & MURDER, NATIONAL SECURITY & CIA
TAXATION: TAKING WHILE YOU’RE NOT LOOKING – It is not only the size of the yield, or its certainty, which gives indirect taxation preeminence in the state’s scheme of appropriation. Its most commendable quality (*) is that of being surreptitious. It is taking while the victim is not looking. Those who strain themselves to give taxation a moral character are under obligation to explain the state’s preoccupation with the hiding of taxes in the price of goods. Is there not a confession of guilt in that? …” - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.270. - (*) From the point of view of the Tax Department. – JZ, 4.8.08. – Q.
TAXATION: TANSTAAFL (There Ain't No Such Thing As A Free Lunch) -Which means, if you want the government to do something, they're either going to take money from you to do it or take it from someone else. - Which makes you either: (1) a Fool or 2) a Thief." – Source?
TAXATION: tax and spend schemes ... only lead to waste and ruin." - WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, Summer 73, p. 8.
TAXATION: Tax authorities as well as rapists do usually claim that their victims gave their consent or even asked to be taxed or thus raped. – JZ, 4.8.08.
TAXATION: Tax exemption, complete tax exemption, is not a privilege but a right. – JZ, 1.8.89. – Unless one is a voluntary member in a community of volunteers only, practising taxation against – or for - its members, under its own personal law and full exterritorial autonomy, but also allowing individual secessions and group secessions. – JZ, 6.8.08.
TAXATION: Tax political “goods” and services” rather than economic goods and services. – In another version: Tax politicians and bureaucrats and their “goods” and services” rather than people as their mere subjects and their goods and services.” - JZ, 26.11.92, 25.7.08. – This would, largely, mean the abolition of taxation. For the State has no tax basis, apart from its imposed monopolies, which should all be abolished, too, including its territorial monopoly. What would remain of each present State would be one or several different communities of statist volunteers. Naturally, these volunteers should be free to tax each other as much as they like and in whichever way they prefer. But of the remaining capital assets of the territorial State all those who had seceded from it should get their fair share, in capital securities. – JZ, 25.7.08.
TAXATION: Tax Theft Should Be Unlawful." - SIL Slogan, Saltlake City. – But as long a territorial States are allowed to pass laws for the population of whole territories, you can bet that they will make it legal. We should aim at the freedom to opt out from living under such systems. – JZ, 18.10.08.
TAXATION: Taxation by consent is a contradiction in terms, as far as individuals are concerned. – JZ, 21.10.87. At least in territorial systems with involuntary subjects. In societies and communities of volunteers only, permitting individuals not only to join them but also to secede from them, all their taxation or contribution or levy systems do inevitably become forms of voluntary taxation and are, as such, justified. – JZ, 5.8.08, 12.8.12. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, DIS.
TAXATION: taxation is of necessity a fixation in the political psyche. Yet, like all mental rigidities, it came by way of a rationalization. The institution of taxation rests foursquare on the axiom that somebody must rule somebody else. (*) Were the notion to get around that people could manage without political power, it would be hard to make out a case for taxes. Therefore, uppermost in the thought pattern of the political cosmos is the doctrine of power.” - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.49. - (*) Or that somebody must “run the country”. – JZ, 5.8.08. - DIS, STATE, TERRITORIALISM, RULERS, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-OWNERSHIP, POWER
TAXATION: Taxation only continues to exist because too many people still believe in taxation either as a just means to a supposedly good end or as, supposedly, the lesser evil. Taxation will fall with these delusions. – JZ, 20.7.82m 20.3.11. – “Detaillieren heisst interessieren” (“To bring details rouses interest.”) was a remark often quoted by Ulrich von Beckerath. Thus imagine e.g. every tax and every government budget item would become subject to a referendum decision! (In Switzerland, at least to some extent, this is already the case and in the USA on some local taxes or public loans. I do not know the results of such practices.) To rouse interest, every tax declaration should have an attachment on all the different forms of taxes now raised and allow the tax-payer to cross out all those taxes that he considers to be wrong or harmful. The results should be compiled and when a certain percentage of all tax-payers opposes a particular tax, then it should be abolished. Electronically this job could now be done easily and fast. Consider also the partly voluntary taxation option in which the taxpayer may allocate whatever he was to pay in income tax e.g. only to those budget items that are favored by him, with certain percentages for each of them, or with e.g. all of his income tax to be allocated by him to only one of them. Then, moreover, all budget items not favored by a minimum of all taxpayers should be automatically canceled for the next budget. With such and similar steps one could gradually introduce voluntary taxation. The individual step that I like most is that of individual secessionism. What the secessionists do lateron within their own communities of volunteers, to finance their common objectives, would be entirely their own affair. – “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step!” – as an old Chinese proverb has it. - JZ, 2.8.08, 12.8.12.
TAXATION: Taxation without representation is tyranny. – James Otis, attributed by John Adams and others. – Rather: Taxation without voluntary membership is tyranny. – JZ, 4.7.92. - Taxation with “representation” can be tyranny, too, as we do experience now almost every day. Only the members of voluntary communities have the right to tax themselves or give their consent to their taxation simply by remaining voluntary members, instead of seceding. – JZ, 21.7.08. - And taxation through representatives can be even worse! – JZ – How can those, who rob others, be considered as “representatives” by their victims? – JZ, 17.10.08. – Q.
TAXATION: Taxation, like charity, should be quite voluntary and the beneficiaries of both should have neither a legal right to it not should they be subjected to Welfare States and private charities, against their will. However, as voluntary members of organizations in form of exterritorially communities of volunteers, they should be free to apply any kind of statist, charity or libertarian system, as well as any other system, among themselves - until they run out of voluntary victims or supporters. – No limit to freedom of contract and association! – JZ, 19.12.92., 24.7.08. – Except associations with involuntary victims! – JZ, 17.4.09, 20.3.11.
TAXATION: Taxes are going up so fast that government is likely to price itself right out to the market.” – Dan Bennet. - Yes, if it were reduced to voluntary subjects and thus to voluntary taxes and personal laws. – JZ, 24.7.08. – That would cease to be a joke and become quite serious once all present territorial states become dissolved into exterritorially autonomous communities, societies and competing governments, all with voluntary members only, all only exterritorially autonomous and, as a result, with all their financing methods amounting, in effect, to voluntary taxation only, thus introducing full consumer sovereignty, market, free enterprise, free pricing and free contract and free association principles and practices into one of the most important spheres. – JZ, 2.8.08. – JOKES, PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, JOKES, DIS., MONOPOLISM & COERCION, GOVERNMENT
TAXATION: Taxes are mainly evil because they do force people to feed territorial governments, in spite of all the inherent injustices and irrationalities of such organizations. – JZ, 28.12.92, 25.7.08.
TAXATION: Taxes are taking something from those who can do something for the country to give to those who can’t do something for the country.” – Peter Plisowski, 29.8.79. – As if all of us had to live and work not for ourselves but for the country. That is also a wrongful and territorialist-collectivist point of view, which would only be justified within corresponding communities of volunteers doing their own things only to or for themselves. – JZ, 22.7.08. – DIS., TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM
TAXATION: Taxes are the penalty for still believing in territorial governments or not yet having opted out from under them. – JZ, 20.7.87.
TAXATION: Taxes can be successfully extorted only as long as most people still continue to believe that they are rightful and necessary. Afterwards a tax strike of the former tax slaves will follow, together with various voluntary contribution-schemes to individually selected alternative societies and communities.” – JZ, 27.1.98, 16.7.08, 12.8.12. – PANARCHISM, TAX STRIKES, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION: Taxes upon taxes upon taxes – until all rhyme and reason is lost. You buy something with what is left after direct income tax deduction. Then you are taxed again for your purchase. Those who produced it are likewise hit by x taxes. And in return for all your involuntary payments you get to be misruled by politicians and bureaucrats, presented with wars, inflations, deflations and stagflations and their mass unemployment and mass poverty, housing shortages, a supposed Welfare State, and all too often a Warfare State, involuntarily financed by you, one that further increases rather than decreases and abolishes taxes, in the worst kind of “purchases” you ever made. You should only ever have to pay for those services you yourself wanted and ordered or have subscribed to and all of them should be subject to your own free choice among many competitive suppliers, all paid for at market prices rather than through coercively and monopolistically determined general tribute levies, including charges for services you never wanted, even charges for public disservices done to you. And for all this you are expected to be grateful and loyal to your territorial State and lay down your life for it, as a voluntary sacrifice, upon demand or command. - JZ, 7.6.99, 19.7.08.
TAXATION: Taxes, after all, are the dues that we pay for the privilege of membership in an organized society.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt, speech, Worcester, Mass., Oct. 21, 1935. – What privilege? The “privilege” of being misruled by himself, his party, or by others? – JZ, 25.7.08. - Territorially organized States are hardly rightful and rationally organized free societies of volunteers. They resemble slave States or feudalistic States with serfdom much more than free societies. That some economic aspects are already somewhat free is by far not enough, neither for the subjects of a totalitarian States like Red China nor for any of the democracies. In all of the latter "the people" and their "representatives" are still quite wrongly, because territorially defined. - Only societies of volunteers deserve the term societies. - JZ, 22.3.11.
TAXATION: Territorial governments supply all too extensively dissatisfactions in return for taxes. – JZ, 14.9.88. – Only once all its dissenters are free to secede and had seceded would the remainder get what they still believe to be their money’s worth. – Well, each has the right to make the own mistakes - at the own expense and risk. - JZ, 6.8.08, 22.3.11. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM
TAXATION: Territorial governments, by their numerous laws, regulations and juridical as well as bureaucratic decision-making, do not just inflict the Chinese torture of “death by a thousand cuts”, but that of crippling, disabling and even killing people by millions of sometimes not so tiny cuts, during the whole period that they allow them still to live, rather than being sacrificed altogether for the aims and purposes of such governments. – Not all of these cuts are sufficiently known and expected or painfully inflicted in public. Some are rather slow acting poisons, unnoticed by their victims. And they are also made under all kinds of false pretences and excuses – but wrong, hurt or harm nevertheless, in all too many ways. Sometimes their victims are variously narcotized, so that they do not feel the pain. - - The victims should be made aware of how much property and income is altogether withheld from them, e.g. in form of public property administered and exploited by politicians and bureaucrats, often very uneconomically and to the disadvantage of customers and taxpayers. They should also be made aware how rich they could become, in their old age, if all their enforced social security contributions for decades were invested on long terms, with the highest interest rates obtainable by productive investments, untaxed, and if these funds were never confiscated and used for other purposes and if their purchasing power were preserved. Then they might get sufficiently disgusted and angry with “their” territorial governments. These “tortures” are often practised under the pretence of being “public services” and offered by “public servants”. But one cannot fire such servants or refuse to contribute to their support and to such “services”. Nor is one allowed to opt out from under them. – Millions of politicians, bureaucrats, lawyers, judges and teachers do continuously “operate” on their subjects, their victims, their voting cattle, their experimental animals, their property, with all kinds of methods and devices, some hardly noticeable, like indirect taxes or withholding taxes via their employers. - - If e.g. the tax share in all goods and services were clearly indicated with the price, then consumer satisfactions with “their” governments would soon be minimized. Likewise, if every taxpayer were provided with a complete list on the xyz ways in which his tax contribution is being wasted, abused, counterproductively used or otherwise uneconomically used. – But these official criminals have covered up their tracks rather well and popularized their false excuses and “justifications” and so “politics as usual” is allowed to go on and on. - JZ, 21.5.04, 31.10.07, 22.3.11. - TAXES, LAWS, REGULATIONS & CHINESE TORTURE
TAXATION: Territorial politics and its “finance” is for all populations the greatest protection racket of them all, even a legalized one. – JZ, 5.11.92, 25.7.08.
TAXATION: Territorial statism is very taxing, impoverishing, limiting and endangering and often destroying or reversing justice, reason, peace, wealth, progress, civilization and culture. I know of no greater enemy for man. – JZ, 10.9.99, 20.7.08. – Compare: “The power to tax is the power to destroy.”
TAXATION: Thank God we don't get all the government we pay for." - Rabbi M. Hershman in JOLIET HERALD NEWS, quoted in LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 15.2.73. A similar remark was ascribed to Herman Kahn, in Simon, A Time for Truth, p.217.
TAXATION: That as wrongful, harmful and dangerous institutions as territorial States are, all too many of them, even despotic and warfare States, and yet are still coercively supported by “taxes” is one of the greatest wrongs, irrationalities and absurdities of our times. – JZ, 5.8.08, 12.8.12.
TAXATION: that grand fundamental maxim of the Constitution, that no subject of England shall be taxed but by his own consent. To maintain this principle is the common cause of the Whigs on the other side of the Atlantic, and on this.” - Lord Acton, Lectures on the French Revolution, ed. by Figgis & Laurence, MacMillan, 1932, p.26, quoting a passage of one of Chatham’s speeches in 1775. – Bold print inserted by me. – JZ - VOLUNTARY TAXATION, CONSENT AS A CONSENT OF INDIVIDUALS
TAXATION: That it is inseparably essential to the freedom of a people and to the undoubted rights of Englishmen that no taxes be imposed on them but with their own consent, given personally, or by their representatives.” – Resolution of delegates from nine American Colonies, New York, 1765. – In another version: It is inseparably essential to the freedom of a people that no taxes be imposed on them but with their own consent, given personally or by their representatives. – Attributed to John Dickinson, Resolutions of the Stamp Act Congress, Oct. 19, 1765. - Cut out: “or by their representatives”! - How could the four important words “their own consent, given personally” become so thoroughly forgotten (for over 2 centuries in this connection) and only the version “or by their representatives” remembered and applied? – JZ, 20.7.08. – But then even whatever limited free banking existed in the USA for a while did also become thoroughly forgotten, for all too long, and most of the discussion centered only on which form of monetary despotism should be adopted. – JZ, 20.7.08. – Haven't our "representatives" by now represented the case against territorial "representation", of a wrongly defined "collective", namely "the people", for long enough, even for over 2 centuries, in some cases? - JZ, 22.3.11. - PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, CONSENT, REPRESENTATION, DEMOCRACY, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT, Q.
TAXATION: The “tax and spend” governmental system will rapidly unravel – once individual taxpayers are freed to opt out from all territorial States and all “societies” with compulsory membership and imposed laws. – JZ, 25.1.00, 20.7.08. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, MINORITY AUTONOMY, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY
TAXATION: the agent of 'the government' - that is, the agent of a secret band of robbers and murderers, who have taken to themselves the title of ‘the government', and have determined to kill everybody who refuses to give them whatever money they demand. To save his life, he gives up his money to this agent. But as this agent does not make his principals individually known to the tax payer, the latter, after he has given up his money, knows no more who are 'the government' - that is, who were the robbers - than he did before. To say, therefore, that by giving up his money to their agent, he entered into a voluntary contract with them, that he pledges himself to obey them, to support them, and to give them whatever money they should demand of him in the future, is simply ridiculous." - Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI.
TAXATION: The art of government consists in taking as much money as possible from one class of citizens to give to the other." - Voltaire. - This is, obviously, an insufficient defence or justification for the existence of any territorial government. - JZ, 22.3.11.
TAXATION: The average American family head will be forced to do twenty years' labor to pay taxes in his or her lifetime.” – James Bovard, Lost Rights. – Thus the untaxed might be able to retire 20 years earlier! – JZ, 3.1.08. – And these people so convicted and punished, are, basically, innocent. Territorial States are prisons, with forced and largely unpaid labor for their mostly innocent inmates. – JZ, 13.4.09. – Nationalism makes them even proud of this condition! – J.Z., 12.8.12. – IT AMOUNTS TO A PRISON SENTENCE OF HARD & UNPAID LABOR, NATION STATES, TERRITORIALISM, TAX SLAVERY, NATIONALISM
TAXATION: The country is mismanaged. Why should it be mis-managed with my taxes, too? Taxes play a very large role in the mismanagement of every country. If you volunteered your tax contributions and would let them be used and abused only among the voluntary victims of the system you prefer, then this I would not mind and neither would you. – JZ, 1.12.85, 24.7.08, 12.8.12. – TOLERANCE, PANARCHISM
TAXATION: The current figures disclose on every page the modern determination to push up rates and taxes and public expenditure to the limit of endurance. - Sir Ernest Benn, Modern Government, p.178. – In the long run, through their costs and unwanted services, all territorial governments make themselves unendurable. – JZ 7.4.91. – They may also destroy themselves and all their victims by their “modern weapons”. – JZ, 6.8.08. – TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS
TAXATION: The democracy which levies most in taxes will have least in genuine individual liberties and rights. – JZ, 2.2.12.
TAXATION: The democracy will cease to exist when you take away from those who are willing to work and give to those who would not.” – Thomas Jefferson. - Territorial democracies as well as dictatorships are largely based on lies, misconceptions and self-delusions, among the rulers as well as among the ruled. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. - HANDOUTS, FAVORITISM, PARASITES, TAX CONSUMERS VS. TAXPAYERS, STATISM AS A RELIGION
TAXATION: The designation of a levy on one's production as a 'yoke' (1 Kings 12) is interesting; it shows how keen is the mind unencumbered with erudition. The yoke symbolizes the beast of burden, who, of course, has not right of property. When the human is similarly deprived of what he has produced - which is the essence of income taxation - he is indeed degraded to the status of an ox." - Frank Chodorov
TAXATION: The difference between death and taxes is: death doesn't get worse every time Congress meets.” - Will Rogers, 1920’s. - Another version: The only difference between death and taxes is that death doesn't get worse every time Congress meets." - The simple fact that more and more taxes are imposed and increased, while almost no one likes taxes and increases in tax rates, proves that governments are no longer sufficiently representative even of the majority, far less of all the more or less suppressed and exploited minorities. - JZ, 29.1.02. - Premature and unnatural death becomes also more and more likely, e.g., as long as "nuclear strength" and centralized decision-making powers on war and peace, armament and disarmament and international treaties are not yet abolished. - JZ, 23.11.06, 12,8.12. - JOKES
TAXATION: The dilemma for most families is that they could pay for private services of their choice if only their incomes were not reduced by compulsory taxation for public services which many would prefer not to use." – Ralph Harris, in "Down with the Poor", ed. by Dr. Rhodes Boyson, p.12/13.
TAXATION: The direct tax, however, boldly and unashamedly proclaims the prior right of the State to all property ..." - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.226.
TAXATION: The disservices financed with your taxes do tax you again. – JZ,81
TAXATION: The Doers are always forced to provide the Goods for the Non-Good and the Non-Doers.” – Steve Ditko, in the comic series “Mr. A.”
TAXATION: The Economy Campaign, therefore, says that there is nothing worse that can happen to money than that it should get into the public purse.” – Sir Ernest Benn, in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.70, also in its Appendix I, a speech, p. 154. - One could also say that there is nothing worse that could happen to money, as an exchange medium and as a value standard, than that its issue should be monopolized and “managed” by a central bank and its value standard to be monopolized as well and declared by fiat and enforced by a legal tender law. – In most cases this also means a special tax, namely the inflation tax. In other cases, through artificial shortages of exchange media, as a result of this monopolized supply, people can be deprived of their jobs, much of their sales opportunities and often their business and homes. – In both cases this can lead to the rise of despotic regimes or even totalitarian ones and to wars and civil wars. – which take their “tax” also in blood, lives, limbs, health, liberty, freedom and rights. - JZ, 2.8.08 – MONEY, MONETARY DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING, BUDGET, GOVERNMENT SPENDING.
TAXATION: The economy cannot survive well enough or at all, if put on a diet of taxes. – JZ, 29.9.92, 25.7.08.
TAXATION: The end never justifies the means, and an immoral act, that is, the act of forcing some people to support others via coercive taxation, is not justified, no matter how desirable the end to be achieved is." - FREE ENTERPRISE, June 75.
TAXATION: The essence of our malady is that we have become so used to our fiscal chains that we cannot imagine release to be possible..." - Arthur A. Shenfield, Trial by Taxation, in Right Turn, p.46.
TAXATION: the essential condition of trade, that it be carried willingly, is absent from taxation; its very use of compulsion removes taxation from the field of commerce and puts it squarely into the field of politics." - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax, p.229.
TAXATION: the evidence is persuasive that above 30 per cent of GNP the state becomes an engine of poverty and oppression..." - Arthur A. Shenfield, Trial by Taxation, in Right Turn, p.29. - I deny that any taxes below 30% are rightful and that their spending by the government is justified, useful and necessary. - JZ, 22.3.11. - POVERTY, DIS.
TAXATION: The fact is that the government, like a highwayman, says to a man: YOUR MONEY, OR YOUR LIFE. And many, if not most, taxes are paid under the compulsion of that threat. The government does not, indeed, waylay a man in a lonely place, spring upon him from the road side, and, holding a pistol to his head, proceed to rifle his pockets. But the robbery is none the less a robbery on that account; and it is far more dastardly and shameful. The highwayman takes solely upon himself the responsibility, danger, and crime of his own act. He does not pretend that he has any rightful claim to your money, or that he intends to use it only for your own benefit. He does not pretend to be anything but a robber. He has not acquired impudence enough to profess to be merely a 'protector', and that he takes men's money against their will, merely to enable him to 'protect' those infatuated travelers, who feel perfectly able to protect themselves, or do not appreciate his peculiar system of protection. He is too sensible a man to make such professions as these." - Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI, Works I. - PRIVATE CRIMES COMPARED WITH OFFICIAL ONES.
TAXATION: The fact is, that to deny the smaller societies a real life and meaning, a personality, in fact, is not anti-clerical, or illiberal, or unwise, or oppressive – is untrue. And ‘all the king’s horses and all the king’s men’ cannot make that true which is untrue. The House of Lords cannot do it. Even the Roman Empire, with the mediaeval Papacy thrown in, the fons et origo maili cannot do it; because it is impossible. And we shall win.” – J. N. Figgis, The Church and the Secular Theory of the State, in David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.142. – The same could and should be applied to secular societies and communities as well, whether they are small or large, even world-wide. None should be territorially subjugated by anyone – unless it is a society of totalitarians, terrorists and other aggressors, all of them common enemies of mankind and of all other free societies and self-responsible and peaceful communities. – JZ, 6.8.08. – PANARCHISM, TRIBUTE LEVIES, TERRITORIALISM, WELFARE STATE
TAXATION: The first American Revolution was fought over taxes. (*) With our bicentennial year approaching, it’s time for another great American Revolution, and the issue is again taxes. – - The tax revolt movement is the most important new trend in American life. It’s exactly the same spirit and cause, which motivated the Founding Fathers to resist the tyranny of King George III. and his English aristocrats. Taxation was the issue then; taxation is the issue now.” - René Baxter, FREEDOM TODAY, 9/75. - (*) Alas, not against the inflation tax, made possible by legal tender laws and the money issue monopoly (monetary despotism). – It was and is by far not the only issue. – The issue of e.g. the decision-making monopoly on war and peace, that of monetary freedom, that of all genuine individual rights and liberties and of ideal militias for their protection and that of exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers are as important and were not raised then and are not yet sufficiently raised now. - JZ, 4.8.08. - DIS.
TAXATION: The first step towards abolishing taxes could be to go on collecting them and then withholding these collected funds from the present distribution channels. Instead, they could be distributed by alternative local agencies which would be much more representative than the present ones and would hold the purse strings for state and federal governments - or what remains of them or would still be tolerated of them. Then, whoever paid the piper would really get a chance to call the tune and more and more disservices and overpriced monopoly services would be rapidly cut out and the difficulties of transition to a free society would be greatly reduced. – JZ – However, any such territorial reform will encounter much resistance. All reforms are best introduced for volunteers only – who have obtained full exterritorial autonomy or experimental freedom for this purpose. – JZ, 18.10.08. – PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM & COLLECTIVISM, FEDERALISM, EVEN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
TAXATION: The government can't carry out your plans for you, but you can." – Harry Browne, How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World? - Only once you are free of any territorial government. - JZ, 22.3.11.
TAXATION: The government doesn't simply post a price and ask those who want the service to pay. They levy a tax and collect it from everyone." - Robert LeFevre, "Lift her Up, Tenderly”, p.189.
TAXATION: The government in every 'democratic' country is run like any share company would be in which those who do not hold any shares in that company could, nevertheless, vote themselves dividends from its earnings and could easily outvote those who have invested in that company. Why the victims want to persist with this exploitative absurdity is hard to understand. – JZ, 22.9.81.
TAXATION: The government is massively and pervasively extracting its pound of flesh from every hide in the country." - Bob Hengerer, quoted in JAG, 2/78. - There isn't much flesh on the hides, but only within them, while they are not yet taken off. - Too many analogies limp. - Including this one. - JZ, 22.3.11.
TAXATION: The government is not a form of voluntary giving; it is a form of compulsory giving. You lose your home or your land if you don't pay your taxes. There's nothing benevolent about old Uncle Sam when it comes to you paying the tax bill." - Earl L. Butz, THE FREEMAN, 7/74.
TAXATION: The government is not the greatest withholder. You are.” – Jerry Hill, 9.1.91. – Only potentially! Especially when you consider withholding your membership in the State as well, or withdrawing from it and reorganizing otherwise, together with like-minded people, under personal law. – JZ, 6.8.08. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM
TAXATION: The government rips people off to get together the money to keep people from getting ripped off.” – Robert LeFevre, 1978. – “el Don”, 26.5.78. - See also the debated between LeFevre & Opitz, called: "What Protection?"- JZ, - PROTECTION BY THE STATE AGAINST PRIVATE CRIMES.
TAXATION: The hardest thing in the world to understand is the income tax.” – Albert Einstein, - How many lawyers, rather than economists, have worked on it to make it so complicated and anti-economic, and how many lawyers and accountants make a good living from its complications? One should also keep in mind that no one was allowed to opt out from under it. Thus this monstrosity could grow and grow, committing more and more wrongs and causing more and more damages. - JZ, 24. 11. 06. - INCOME TAX, SECESSIONISM
TAXATION: The immediate priority of the Progress Party is to reduce the size and cost of government and to reduce the burden of taxation and inflation. - - We believe that taxation should be minimal, direct and no-discriminatory. It should be used for raising revenue, not social engineering. It should be simple. – - Many of our taxes are discriminatory and unjust. For example payroll tax discriminates against those who provide jobs, sales tax falls heaviest on poor people, progressive income tax penalizes people who work hard, tariffs protect manufacturers and penalize consumers, company profits are taxed twice before as shareholder receives benefits, land tax discriminates against farmers, property rates discriminate against home owners. - - Many taxes we will eliminate in our first term of office, e.g. payroll tax, land tax, gift and death duty. Other taxes such as customs duties and export levies will be phased out over a fixed period. The major tax, income tax, will be simplified, levied at one flat rate and reduced to an absolute minimum.” – Viv Forbes, What Is the Progress Party? - Alas, even he did not come out in favor of voluntary taxation - all only within communities of volunteers, after having done away with all territorial powers, monopolies, privileges and coercion. - A compromise with an evil is also an evil. - JZ, 22.3.11.
TAXATION: The only people politicians should be free to tax are the other statist politicians and party members of their own parties and all those, who voted for them, as long as they do concede to them the right to secede from them. – JZ, 1.9.92, 20.7.08.
TAXATION: The only rightful and economical kind and degree of taxation is none at all. The contributions of the members of communities of volunteers are quite another matter even if, formally, they are made in some or the other kind of taxation system. Through the voluntary membership they merely amount to voluntary subscriptions. – JZ, 19.5.93, 20.7.08. - PANARCHISM
TAXATION: The only rightful taxes would be a voluntary ones among members of voluntary societies and communities, in the political, economic and social spheres just as well as in the religious sphere. But what we have instead are numerous wrongful and imposed taxes or tributes, e.g. tariff duties, land taxes, flat taxes, progressive taxes, sales taxes, income taxes and the inflation tax etc. All tax reformers expect miracle from their kind of favorite robbery. – The wrongful and harmful effects of all taxes are usually ignored, just like robbers and thieves ignore the consequences of their actions for their victims. - JZ, 2.5.95, 18.7.08. - PANARCHISM
TAXATION: The only tax reform needed is tax repeal. Taxation is theft.” – Edward Rosnick – However, there are at least some sensible steps towards tax reform and, ultimately, even it abolition with majority approval: E.g.: 1.) Collecting taxes only in sound tax foundation money, competitively issued with xyz other and private sound money issues. - 2.) Replacing progressive taxation with flat rate taxation. – Already practiced in some countries. – 3.) Making any tax increase dependent upon a referendum. (Partly practised by some local governments.) – 4.) Having with each election a referendum on which taxes or budget items should be cut altogether. – 5. ) Allowing all individual taxpayers to allocate themselves their tax burden to the budget items they do want to support. – 6.) The inflation tax could be stopped by repealing the issue monopoly of the central bank and the legal tender power for its kind of “money”, which is at best only a soundly issued tax foundation money and at its worst a requisitioning certificate. - Would anyone wish to outlaw these and xyz other steps going in the same direction? Naturally, by rights, all taxpayers should be free to secede from this “duty” or “obligation”. – JZ, 13.4.09, 12.8.12. - TAX REFORM?
TAXATION: The present great tax burdens will only become significantly reduced once individuals become free to shrug them off, together with their supposed benefits, and to establish for themselves alternative societies with other financial systems, ideologies, platforms, institutions, personal laws etc. – JZ, 7.9.89, 6.8.08. – PANARCHISM, FREE CHOICE OF GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES
TAXATION: The present taxation system is a violation of human rights and the cancer of labour and industry.” – G. Ravenscroft, in PROGRESS, Melbourne, March 78, a Henry George publication. – Any system of taxation, not only the present one, falls under that accusation, as long as it is not a voluntary one, or one for the voluntary members of a community only. – JZ, 4.8.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION: The price the place puts on the right to live in it.” – L. L. Levingson, Webster’s Unafraid Dictionary. – It’s neither a price nor merely a place. True choice is excluded, country-wide. – JZ, 25.3.84. – This is done territorially, for a whole population, with power only in the hands of a few power addicts, who, between them, and quite legally, legalized by themselves, commit more murders, robberies and other crimes than all their still more numerous private competitors in the country manage to commit, between them, quite illegally. Places or locations cannot command. Only those “humans” or ‘in-humans” placed in or having usurped existing local territorial power positions, can issue commands and legalize their errors, prejudices, whims, false premises and conclusions into laws binding for all those of victims, who cannot escape these chains upon their individual rights and liberties. – Please, do likewise correct my own mistakes! - JZ, 25.3.84, 5.8.08.
TAXATION: The public, the owners and producers and exchangers, would have made much better use of their money than the territorial bureaucrats and politicians ever would or could and this with much less waste, mal-investments, corruption and embezzlement. – Only voluntary taxes within communities of volunteers would have a good chance to be rightfully used in the interest of the members. - JZ, 7.12.93, 19.7.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION: The servitude is indirect. It is by way of taxation, by income taxes, property taxes, sales taxes, and any one of hundreds of variations. When one's substance is taken from him to be used to provide services for others, that is a species of servitude. Presumably, he has served in order to acquire the substance. The amount of time and energy which he devoted to acquiring the substance forced from him to use for the service of others, is the measure of the degree of servitude." - Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 5/75. – Taxes upon oneself and all one’s activities will be continued until one can secede from the tax gatherers, their laws and institutions. – JZ, 17.4.09. – SERVITUDE, SERFDOM, FEUDALISM, TAX SLAVERY
TAXATION: The State taxes you because it would be unable to sell you its services under free competition. They are neither widely enough wanted services nor good enough for such a demand. If they were, a government could just become an effectively competing service business, working to achieve and maintain satisfaction among its voluntary customers. – JZ, 11.11.93. – To force unwanted services upon involuntary customers is as absurd as once was the privilege granted to spectacle makers, in at least a part of Spain, which forced all its population to wear spectacles, even if they did not need them. In practice, as a result, many wore only the frames with the lenses knocked out. Territorial governments still do not permit us to opt out from under their unwanted services and disservices and that territorial domination is even taken for granted and praised as “territorial integrity”. – There is no wrongful absurdity of any government for which it does not have a misleading cover name. - JZ, 4.2.12. – PANARCHISM, COMPULSORY PUBLIC SERVICES & DISSERVICES, PAID FOR BY FORCED TAX LEVIES OR TRIBUTES.
TAXATION: The surprising fact, then, is that there are constitutional limitations protecting the citizens against many forms of arbitrary government action, but not against the most obvious and omnipresent of all: taxation. Criminal defendants are protected against police harassment, and even against police questioning, by such constitutional rituals as the “Miranda” warning. Newspapers are protected from any form of “prior restraint”. The Constitution even shelters owners of household appliances from the excessive zeal of finance companies. But the taxpayer is left without any constitutional protection at all. - - There is no adequate political protection for the taxpayer, because the beneficiaries of redistribution either outnumber, or are better organized than the payers.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.99. - Let taxpayers secede and this problem is solved. Via voluntary membership in personal law communities their taxation would be voluntary, too, also assured by individual and group secessions from them. Moreover, they would tend to be greatly reduced in numbers and percentages of their take. If compulsory taxes were properly named, namely “tributes”, then resistance against them would be increased. – JZ, 2.10.07. - & CONSTITUTIONALISM
TAXATION: The system forces you into jobs you don’t like and taxes you so heavily that you have to continue in them, working harder and longer, perhaps even working in two jobs, so that others can be bribed with your tax money into jobs they don’t like and which further restrict you, thus creating a restricting and finally suffocating spiral. – JZ, 28.11.78, 5.6.82. – I hold that this system could best be broken by a well organized tax strike, combined with a monetary and financial freedom revolution and by the right and practice to secede and set up diverse communities of volunteers only, all under personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy. Confined to free competition for volunteers, i.e., without its territorial monopoly power, the present system would hardly stand a chance against the competition of many of the successful societies of volunteers that would then result. Without its present privileges and powers, the remnant of the former territorial government system, reduced to being a mere panarchy of volunteers would, sooner rather than later, simply join the fate of most of the other unsuccessful panarchies of volunteers, i.e., it would vanish or become reduced to a museum exhibit of its past “glories” and man-made disasters. – JZ, 5.8.08. – JOBS, EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, PANARCHISM
TAXATION: The tax department represents the “Inquisition” of our times – and yet it still received some “conscience money”. – JZ, 28.6.83. – Let the statists and the non-statists disassociate themselves from each other, to do their own things only for and to themselves. – JZ, 4.8.08. – PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS
TAXATION: The taxers can quit. Why can’t the tax-payers? – Referring to report on the politician Muldoon, New Zealand: “He had enough!” – Their victims had more than enough! – JZ, 8.11.91. – At least they should have! – Formerly, and perhaps still, military officers could often formally quit their jobs. Conscripts and voluntary soldiers could not. They could at most desert. And then were all too often mistreated as prisoners of war. – Seeing that territorial rulers can resign or abdicate, why should not their subjects enjoy the same freedom to change their status, especially when they have been victimized, as usual or even extremely - by their territorial rulers? - JZ, 5.8.08, 4.2.12, 12.8.12. – POLITICIANS, TAX VICTIMS, OFFICERS, SOLDIERS, QUITTING FROM JOBS, RESIGNING, SECESSIONISM, DESERTION, ABDICATION
TAXATION: the taxpayer was helpless ….” - Kurt Tucholsky, Politische Texte, S.88. – JZ tr. only of: “… der Steuerzahler war wehrlos …” – If the views of the taxpayers and voters were really decisive in this respect, then taxes would, most likely, not exist at all. However, too many taxpayers have granted the sanction of the victim to the territorial State and taxes are only one of the many wrongful and harmful consequences of the territorial establishments. – All too many voters do still believe that only the rich are taxed heavily and do pay most of the tax burden. If the facts were sufficiently published, then most voters would tend to become tax strikers. In balance all lose through government taxation and spending, simply because politicians and bureaucrats take their cut before they spend their “revenues” and their cut gives them a higher than average income, not to speak of the sometimes unbelievable and life-long “fringe-benefits” and pensions they have legalized for themselves, even when, sometimes, they have spent only after a few years in office. – But the territorial officials managed to skillfully misdirect resentment and envy against successful businessmen and corporations, although they are providers of wanted and market-priced services to voluntary customers, rather than against “corporations” with government-granted monopolies, privileges, subsidies. Government officials, judged by their actions, not their false pretences, which might even sound anti-communistic, do use “capitalism” still in the Marxist and slanderous meaning, as a curse or swear word, as standing for exploitation and wrongful profiteering. – Intellectually, the statists territorial “philosophy” leaks like a thieve, however, it is upheld by many thousands of popular errors, myths, prejudices, false definitions, assumptions and conclusions, which are still not systematically collected and then sufficiently published together with their best refutations. - JZ, 6.8.08, 4.2.12. 12.8.12.
TAXATION: The territorial governments continue to set world records when it comes to the greatest robberies of all times. – JZ, 26.9.99, 4.2.12. – And we manage to let them get away with this. They also tax you through their inflations and the mass unemployment their laws and policies cause. – JZ, 20.7.08.
TAXATION: The time will come when passive resistance to taxation will be recognized as the most effective method of abolishing the State." - Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.163. - The aim to abolish the State altogether, completely and for all, is intolerant towards those who want it and are prepared to support it on their own. Consequently, in other passages, Tucker also favored individual secession from the State. This would indeed, destroy the State as a territorial and monopolistic agency but would let it survive in relatively harmless forms, comparable to the survival of some monarchies, as constitutional monarchies, now. – JZ
TAXATION: The working man pays the lion’s share: The wealthy pays very little tax – mostly they pay less than you and I, yet earn millions.” - SAVE AUSTRALIA ALLIANCE, August/September 1907, p.3, ed. by Dale Chorley – But the poor are still being fooled into believing that the rich people are soaked by taxes, to make the own taxes appear more bearable in comparison. - Let them secede from each other! – Then the rich as well as the poor will be better off or at least have less reason to complain about the other. – As freedom lovers we should be glad that at least some people are almost free from direct taxes. The rich are certainly not free from all indirect ones under territorialism. - JZ, 15.4.09. firstname.lastname@example.org www.saveaustraliaalliance.com.au/ - PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, DIS.
TAXATION: The wrongful, irrational, harmful and even absurd religion which e.g. both, Jews and Arabs, as well as all too many other people of various faiths do share, is that of territorial nationalism and territorial statism. – Without it they could all get along with each other quite peacefully and tolerantly, with each group under full exterritorial autonomy or personal law. – JZ, 25.8.93, 19.7.08. 12.78.12.
TAXATION: There cannot be a good tax nor a just one; every tax rests its case on compulsion.” – Frank Chodorov (1887-1966), Out of Step, p.239. -It is part and parcel of any territorial government ruling, without their individual consent, over any number of involuntary subjects. - JZ, 24. 11. 06, 12.8.12. - BASED UPON COMPULSION & THEREFORE IT IS UNACCEPTABLE TO ALL WHO HAVE NOT GIVE THEIR INDIVIDUAL CONSENT TO IT
TAXATION: there is invariably a concentration of power. And it is power that enables the thumbs to turn down. Withdraw that power and the exactions would no more be possible than it would be possible for an infant to intimidate a grown man.” – Stanton A. Coblentz, The Long Road to Humanity, p. 458. - POWER, CENTRALIZATION, TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: There is no such thing as a fair tax, no more so than a fair robbery. – JZ, 1.12.92. – The only exception would be the taxes of voluntary communities, from which members would be free to secede, individually or in whole groups. – JZ, 25.7.08.
TAXATION: This view that Washington is the enemy, and that any tax dollar paid there is a tax dollar wasted, is grotesque.” - Thomas Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, p.465, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0 00 655139 4. – Is it, really? Who should decide? Voluntary members and subjects, through their various voluntary taxation systems! Statism only for Statists, Anarchism only for Anarchists, Libertarianism only for Libertarians, etc., Panarchism with its various panarchies, peacefully coexisting because of their very nature, for all. – JZ, 14.9.08. – DIS., TAXATION, STATISM, PANARCHISM
TAXATION: To compel a man to furnish contributions of money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves and abhors, is sinful and tyrannical.” – Thomas Jefferson. - How many items in the extremely large and long budgets of present territorial governments, are really wanted by the average tax payer? How many of them are utilized in carrying out ideas and opinions that he is strongly opposed to? Tribute payment to centralized spending organizations must become replaced by voluntary contributions only - to communities in which one is and remains a voluntary member. - JZ, 22. 11. 06, 12.8.12. - COMPULSORY VS. VOLUNTARY TAXATION
TAXATION: Under taxation and compulsory subordination under territorial States the “free vote” means a vote, once every few years, for politicians and daily payments for their daily decisions regarding all too many affairs of your own life and relationships, your own individual rights and liberties, rather than leaving you free to make your own choices for yourself, with your own money or at least free to select, individually, those among competing public service suppliers whom you still trust sufficiently. And this whole immense protection racket is misnamed political liberty and democratic self-government. – The alternatives to it, namely voluntary forms of taxation all under panarchism or free choice among societies and governments, is only rarely considered so far and this only by a few people. - JZ, 31.7.99, 19.7.08.
TAXATION: Voluntary taxation would keep taxes few, simple and low. – JZ, n.d. & 30.10.07. They would be more like voluntary contributions or subscriptions than the currently coercively levied tributes. – They would not tend to multiply the number of taxes, their total amounts and government powers, spending, programs and institutions. – In the absence of territorial supply monopolies, competitive free pricing would tend to become introduced for all competitively provided public services that are really wanted and for the privately supplied competitive services. - JZ, 30.10.07. - PANARCHISM
TAXATION: We are not the bosses of taxpayers; they are ours.” – T. Coleman Andrews, Director, Internal Revenue Service, 1955. – Apparently, many of his subordinates did need such a reminder. – But, can I, individually, fire them, being, supposedly, their boss? That would really demonstrate my position as their boss. Alas, I could do so only as a voluntary members in a panarchy that no longer satisfied me, so that I would, individually and freely, secede from it. – JZ, 2.8.08, 4.2.12. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION.
TAXATION: We cannot be happy without being free; we cannot be free without being secure in our property; we cannot be secure in our property if, without our consent, others may, as by right, take it away; taxes imposed on us by Parliament do thus take it away.” – John Dickinson: Letter from a Farmer in Pennsylvania to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, 1767. – PARLIAMENT, PROPERTY, CONSENT, DEMOCRACY
TAXATION: We cannot permanently and all of us live by consuming our capital. Thus we must live out of the profits from the current productivity and this depends largely on the maintenance and growth of our capital including that of our ability to labor productively. Thus as long as there are taxes, income taxes make no more economic sense than do taxes on other capital assets. – An argument by Ulrich von Beckerath, in my words, JZ, 20.7.91, 4.2.12. – Naturally, one’s own labor power also considered and self-exploited, as capital, constitutes also a very important and powerful capital and thus income taxes on it do also amount to a tax on capital. Its total value, over a life-time, as measured in its wages and salaries, added up, does, at least in somewhat developed countries, often amount to astonishingly large sums. If enough employees became aware of this, they would become less sympathetic to taxes on other kinds of capital as well. – JZ, 5.8.08, 22.3.11. – Under full freedom, including especially full monetary and financial freedom, our capital, inherent in self-ownership, would be much larger and more productive still, leading to high profits from one’s labor and services, rated under free-market conditions. – In most firms the total take of labor and services from the revenue of a firm is much larger, at around 85% than the share of the dividend and interest recipients or the formal capital owners of a firm. - JZ, 4.2.12. - TAXES ON CAPITAL & TAXES ON LABOR CAPITAL, DIS.
TAXATION: We cannot restore traditional American freedom unless we limit the government’s power to tax. No tinkering with this, that, or the other law will stop the trend toward socialism. We must repeal the Sixteenth Amendment.” – Frank Chodorov in The Income Tax: Root of all Evil (PDF) – Not of all evils but of all too many of them. – None of the other taxes and none of the other TERRITORIAL actions are quite rightful, either. - JZ, 4.2.12. -INCOME TAX, DIS.
TAXATION: We live in a very low state of the world, and pay unwilling tribute to governments founded on force. There is not, among the most religious and instructed men of the most religious and civil nations, a reliance on the moral sentiment, and a sufficient belief in the unity of things to persuade them that society can be maintained without artificial restraints, as well as the solar system, or that the private citizen might be reasonable, and a good neighbor, without the hint of a jail or a confiscation." - Ralph Waldo Emerson, Politics, quoted in Sprading, Liberty, p.152. – FORCE, STATE, GOVERNMENTS, COMPULSION, COERCION, TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: We should not see to it that there are more involuntary taxpayers but, rather, that there are no involuntary taxpayers at all. – Fair prices or charges for monopoly services supplied can only be determined once the territorial monopoly is abolished and free competition is introduced for all public services that are still wanted. - JZ, 1.11.92, 25.7.98, 12.8.12.
TAXATION: What is the justification for requiring hard-working people to give up a substantial portion of the fruits of their labor?” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.181. – Only in communities of volunteers would there be nothing wrong with that. But most of them would rather pay contributions for services they do want than than any taxes for services they do not want. – JZ, 2.10.07, 12.8.12. - TAXATION UPON LABOR, Q.
TAXATION: What we want is not “tax reform” or proposals to shift the tax burden – we want real tax reduction, reduced government spending and less government.” – NEW GUARD, July 78, Advice and Consent Section. – Just compare what just such limited ideas led to, from the time of the American Revolution to our time. To each society or community of volunteers only as much taxation and government controls – or as little of them – as they want for themselves. Collective, monopolistic and coercive decision-making, in this sphere as in all others, will always lead to bigger burdens, more waste, most destruction, more killings and lesser rights and liberties. Under panarchism this process would be reversed, for some very fast, for others only gradually. Each could then become as free or un-free as he wants to be, as fast as he desires, only criminals and aggressors with victims excepted. These would then encounter not only statist and bureaucratic protection and defence, but free enterprise in this sphere as well and potential victims, who are enlightened, well organized, armed and trained in the defence of their basic rights and liberties, with no pity or excuses for the remaining offenders. – JZ, 4.8.08.
TAXATION: What would remain of the present States, or of their tax system, if State membership and subordination became voluntary, through secessionism, and exterritorially autonomous competition with it from the various panarchies of volunteers if that re-organization became recognized officially and by the vast majority of all citizens, either in a quite rightful, rational and peaceful reform or by a revolution? What kind of taxes would remain, if any? And would not all these former tribute extortions then become automatically voluntary taxes or contributions – among the remaining volunteers of the State, then, through this voluntarism also reduced merely to an exterritorially autonomous body of volunteers, one in competition with all the other and very diverse panarchies of the secessionists? It would be a political Reformation and even a much more tolerant one than the religious one was, originally. It took decades before it became sufficiently tolerant towards its own dissenters. – JZ, 29.4.09, 24.3.11, 12.8.12.
TAXATION: What's this country coming to. Paying ten times as much in taxes as we used to and we are not governed 1/10th. as well." - Will Rogers. - Did he ever recognize that a "good" territorial government is impossible, as long as its territorialism is upheld? - JZ, 24.3.11.
TAXATION: When more of the people's sustenance is exacted through the form of taxation than is necessary to meet the just obligations of the government and expenses of its economical administrators, such taxation becomes ruthless extortion and a violation of the fundamental principles of a free Government.” - Grover Cleveland. - Are there any just obligations of the government - within territorial States? Rightly they can apply only to those who have given their individual consent to a government, not to those who did not vote or voted against it. - JZ, 24.11.02. - TAXATION BECOMING EXTORTION
TAXATION: When the federal government is held to its proper constitutionally limited functions, tax reform will take care of itself.” - Rep. Ron Paul, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – Even constitutional taxes are not yet voluntary taxes. – JZ, 10.1.08. – I know of no proper functions of any territorial government. – JZ, 13.4.09. - TAX REFORM & CONSTITUTIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM
TAXATION: Who but politicians, bureaucrats and other monopolists and parasites have ever been “saved” by taxation? – Need we really be saved from a fate “worth than death”, namely from being really free to take care of ourselves, via free societal, community, social, insurance and credit, mutual aid and constitution contracts and personal laws, after free individual and group secessions, under free enterprise, free competition, free exchange and free markets in every sphere, as free or even as un-free as we ourselves want to be? – JZ, 3.3.95, 18.7.08. - FREEDOM, ANARCHISM, PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, Q.
TAXATION: Who needs taxes except politicians, bureaucrats and other unproductive people? Who needs politicians and bureaucrats? Almost all the needs of the other groups of unproductive people can be met by their insurance or credit contracts. Otherwise, they should depend on charity from relatives, friends and strangers, given quite voluntarily. – JZ, 9.9.81. – However, if they want to establish a Welfare State or other state socialist utopia for themselves, at their own risk and expense, they should not be obstructed in such efforts. – But they should not be given votes or taxing powers over the affairs and properties of others. - JZ, 18.10.08. – PANARCHISM, Q.
TAXATION: Why should we pay politicians and bureaucrats anything for what they are doing to us? At least let us reduce all these tribute payments to voluntary contributions by their believers, voters and members only, for their own favorite projects. – JZ, 2.3.94, 24.3.11. – VOLUNTARY TAXATION, PANARCHISM, Q.
TAXATION: Withdraw from the tax racket - by opting out of the State! – JZ, 75. - SECESSIONISM
TAXATION: You complain - but why do you keep on paying taxes?" - The 'King' of Warragamba, a self-proclaimed monarch and tax-resister, 13.9.75. - He is also an individual secessionist! I would rather say: Secede from all tax gatherers! - But so far territorial governments have not made that any easier than refusing to pay taxes. – I do not expect they ever will, unless their hands are forced. – JZ, 18.10.08.
TAXATION: You have a legal right to avoid taxes, even valid Constitutional taxes. – “The legal right of a taxpayer to decrease the amount of what otherwise would be his taxes or altogether avoid them, by means of which the law permits, cannot be doubted.” – (Gregory vs. Helvering, 293 U.S. 465.) – Your property is, after all, yours. It does not belong to the government. You must, however, use legal means to do so. Otherwise you place yourself in jeopardy under Amercan law.” – FREEDOM TODAY, 9/75. – Underlining by me. – Under laws and court decisions they do not even have the time, interest and energy to read! How much simpler and how much more just would be the democracy and voluntarism of individual and group secessionism and of voluntary associationism under personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy? It would not only make tax avoidance but also tax evasion rightful and easy. - JZ, 4.8.08. – LAWS, PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM
TAXATION: Your involuntary contributions to the power addiction of and to territorial governments. – JZ, 10.12.92, 25.7.08.
TAXMEN, SHOOTING OF? 24, ON PANARCHY I, in PP 505.
TAYLOR-RADFORD: 124, in ON PANARCHY III, in PP 507. - - 14, 19ff, in ON PANARCHY V, in PP 554 & in ON PANARCHY XIII, in PP 869. - ON PANARCHY XIV, in PP 870.
TAYLOR, DAVID, On Panarchy, a 2pp draft of Jan. 89, 124-125, in ON PANARCHY XI, in PEACE PLANS 832.
TAYLOR, DAVID to ZUBE, JOHN: 20 August 1989, 2pp: 138, in PP 1539. - Correspondence with JOHN ZUBE: (David T. died ca. 1990.) E.g.: to ZUBE, JOHN, 18 June 1989, 2pp: 129, in PP 1539. - TAYLOR, DAVID, to FORBES, VIV: on Panarchism, undated, 117, in ON PANARCHY VIII, in PP 672. - TAYLOR, DAVID, to WATNER, CARL: 8 October 1989, 6pp: 151, in PP 1539. - TAYLOR, DAVID: On Panarchy, a 2pp draft of Jan. 89, 124-125, in ON PANARCHY XI, in PP 832.
TAYLOR, DAVID, For Panarchy. - David Taylor, For Panarchy (1989) [English] September 2009. – Probably on www.panarchy.org - but I did not succeed in transferring an effective URL to this entry. This article is, most likely, the same as the one listed above under On Panarchy. – He considered an atheist book, criticizing the Bible’s version of J. C. to be his major opus. I have, probably, got its digital version among my old files, somewhere. I do not know whether it was ever published. - JZ, 4.2.12.
TAYLOR, MICHAEL: Community, Anarchy & Liberty, Cambridge U.P., 1982, 1983, bibl. & index, 184pp, JZL. On pp. 59 - 65 he discusses somewhat "social order on the market", i.e., competing protection agencies. Panarchistic package deals for wanted services are not discussed, nor are personal law, individual secessionism, exterritorial autonomy. His bibliography mentions some interesting titles but none are of obvious panarchistic interest. - JZ, 31.1.1999.
TAYLOR, P. The state as container: territoriality in the modern world system’, PROGRESS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY 18/2 (1994) pp.151-162; P. Taylor, ‘Beyond containers: internationality, interstateness, interterritoriality’, PROGRESS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY 19/1 (1995) pp.1-15. - Abstracts are wanted and review hints, as well as links to the full texts, if they are relevant to this collection. - Titles can be deceptive. - JZ, 13.10.11.
TECHNOLOGY: But the problem is not to create new transcendent technologies but to discover why we are not using the humbler technologies we already know – or even why we use so rarely the most prosaic and useful technology of all, which is common sense. Otherwise we will simply add to the frustrating backlog of technique we fail to apply.” – Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.63. – Among them are centuries old medical and monetary freedom techniques and methods and self-management schemes, individual secessionism, personal law associations, competing juridical systems, exterritorially autonomous communities, tyrannicide, rightful governments in exile, liberation rather than total war methods, self-defence arms and rightful militias of volunteers. – There are also underutilized modern technologies like e.g. the electronic “argument mapping” of Paul Monk et al and the possibilities to put whole special libraries on a DVD or an external HD. Not even the humble 1.4 Mbs floppy, which could reproduce up to 6 books, zipped, has been fully utilized as yet. - JZ, 1.8.08. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT, LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS LIST ONLINE, TO ACHIEVE & COORDINATE MORE DIVISION OF LABOR
TECHNOLOGY: It is not enough that you should understand about applied science in order that your work may increase man’s blessings. Concern for man himself and his fate must always form the chief interest of all technical endeavors … that the creations of our mind shall be a blessing and not a curse to mankind. Never forget this in the midst of your diagrams and equations….” – Abert Einstein, “What I Believe”. – As a former German he should have known that not all Germans were Nazis and that they were thus not to be collectively held responsible for the crimes of the Nazi regime and its voluntary followers, e.g. via ABC mass murder devices. Nevertheless, he promoted the building of atomic weapons and, to my knowledge, never opposed the principle of collective responsibility. Also, in his correspondence, he opposed exterritorially autonomous communities, i.e., he subscribed to territorialism, which provides targets and motives for ABC mass murder devices. In other words, he did not sufficiently or consistently follow his above advice. & SCIENCE & CONCERN FOR MAN & HIS FATE, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, WEAPONS, NWT
TECHNOLOGY: Technology and economics are the savers – of work, time, capital and resources, while politics is a popular wastrel. – JZ & D.Z., 7.1.77. – Economics, morality and technology try to save us while territorial politics tries to waste us, under the pretence of protecting and helping us. – JZ, 18.11.78, 1.8.08. – POLITICS, ECONOMICS, MORALITY, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM
TECHNOLOGY: Technology is the art of causing change by Imagination and Will.” – Gen. E. A. Crowley, Math in Theory and Practice, quoted in Robert Anton Wilson, Schroedinger’s Cat III, p. 113. - It is the same for social reforms that are fully in accordance with individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 25.7.08. – Then they are only practised among volunteers, once they are liberated from the legalized and wrongful restrictions of territorialism. - JZ, 23.3.11., - PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, WILL, IMAGINATION
TECHNOLOGY: There is a technophobia as well as a technophilia approach to personal liberty. As long as an individual’s choice in these respects are not hindered by others or imposed upon others, both are rightful libertarian individual choices. – JZ, 10.10.99.
TECHNOLOGY: Who needs government anymore? Technology can and will free us of the past.” – Jerome Tuccille, in Libertarian Handbook 1973. - Obviously, it has not yet sufficed to free us of territorial governments. - JZ, 23.3.11. – That technology or methodology has still to be fully developed. – JZ, 13.8.12. – GOVERNMENT, SECESSIONISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, EXTERRITORIAL MINORITY AUTONOMY
TELEPHONE: Human beings want free, unprotected monopolies, or they would not create them. Individual Americans created the one telephone service in many cities in this country, by deserting many telephone companies. At the same time, Americans support some sixty thousand independent telephone companies in these States, for American Government is the only Government that does not hold a monopoly of telephone service.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.244. - No "monopoly", which, only consists of a temporary domination of the market should get any legal monopoly for its status. - Nor should any small beginnings of a firm be protected by any legal monopolies like copyrights and patents - except within communities of volunteers that are inclined to uphold such monopolies among their members, at their own expense. - JZ, 23.3.11. - PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, LEGALIZED MONOPOLIES, VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM.
TELEVISION: governmental supervision of cable TV has stifled the growth of a media that could make computers, libraries and periodicals available to any home at the touch of a button.” – Libertarian Handbook 1973, p.17. – Where are the monuments or at least lists of successes of governmentalism and statism? I know of none. Do you? – People are territorial statists just like they were and largely still are believers in a God, without any genuine evidence for either case. - JZ, 2.8.08. – STATISM, GOD, CONTROLS, BUREAUCRACY, TERRITORIALISM, BROADCASTING
TELLING OTHERS WHAT TO DO: The trouble with this world: Everybody is always telling everybody else what to do.” – From a Western film on Channel 10 or 7, on 24.6.77. – ORDERS, INTOLERANCE, TERRITORIALISM, COMMANDS, LAWS, GOVERNMENTS, DESPOTISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, TOTALITARIANISM, MAJORITIES, MINORITY RULE
TEMAL, ALEXANDER: See: ARETIA.
TEMESVARY, DR. A., CORRESPONDENCE WITH JOHN ZUBE, ON DIRECT DEMOCRACY, MONETARY FREEDOM & PANARCHISM: John Zube, … Jan 4th, 1987 - Dr. A. Temesvary, POB 10, Tottenham, NSW 2873. - - - Dear Dr. Temesvary, thanks for your letters and enclosures of Sept. 22nd. and October 27th. My trip ended only on Dec. 21st. - - In my "firm" someone is rightly nicknamed a "mega-mouth". You might be rightly classed as a "mega-letter-writer". - - When considering why the referendum system works better in Switzerland than in the U.S., at least 2 factors should be taken into consideration: 1.) the size of the Swiss Cantons involved versus the size of the U.S. States involved. (The larger the population is and the more widely it is spread out, the less it feels like ONE community.) - - 2.) the mobility of the population involved. (Here I presume that Americans shift much more around, from State to State, than Swiss people do, from Canton to Canton. However, here I may be wrong. This is also related to the type of population to be found in one State or Canton. As much as the cantons differ from Canton to Canton, within one Canton the population is probably less differentiated than has been the population of most U.S. States. When people move around more and are, moreover, also of a greater variety, then, again, less of a community feeling will arise between them. I have not facts or figures on hand that I could quote. Thus I could be wrong on both estimates. - - Judging by a few contacts during my trip, support for referendum, initiative and recall is growing in Germany, too. - - I admire your patience of wanting to help develop majority-democratic views and to realize only these. However, that should not prevent you from submitting your personal views to The Constitutional Commission, POB E 2, St. James, NSW 2000. - - Judging by two of their newsletters that I have read only yesterday, they are still open to further submissions and their range of topics is VERY wide. - - You should know, by now, my view that TERRITORIAL communities (going beyond family, job and spare time communities in the size of “their” land) can never be quite satisfactory to the MINORITIES living in these territories, however tolerant the majoritarian territorial rulers, rules and institutions may be, short of the recognition of full exterritorial autonomy for all non-aggressive minorities of volunteers that desire this autonomy. - - Full freedom of action and experimental freedom (at the own risk and cost) could only be practised among the latter and progress could only be maximized with their aid. - - There are no satisfactory substitutes. - - Moreover, the mega-death preparations of our times could only be undermined and finally destroyed, even with majority approval, once this kind of reorganization has taken place, which would destroy targets (territorially defined enemy collectives), war and revolution motives, opportunities to finance anti-people weapons and many more trends towards wars, repression and terrorism. (See PEACE PLANS 16-17 & 61-63 (Now on www.butterbach.net) and my ON PANARCHY sub-series.) - - RURAL CRISIS: It should not be considered independent from the market dislocations created by - - 1.) "orderly marketing schemes", conducted by various privileged boards, 2.) internal and international protectionism and, last not least, 3.) the restrictions imposed upon negotiable securities and notes, in round and easily transferable monetary figures, that are redeemable not in Australian paper dollars or rare metals but merely in agricultural products, measured in relatively stable value units. - - One might also classify these points under: free pricing, free contracts and monetary freedom. - - On all three points rural and urban people are so far still strongly prejudiced, i.e. insufficiently enlightened, and suffer the inevitable consequences of their errors and false premises. - - However, faith in the old-type "solutions" may also be at an old-time low. - - That does not mean, though, that merely upon momentum and dependence upon compulsory and collective decision-making, the old systems could not be continued for another few decades, like the political system is, and the military system, in spite of the very low opinion most people have of parties, politicians, bureaucrats and of nuclear or ABC "defence" efforts. - - A short paper on issue- and trade freedom for Australian agriculture is contained in the enclosed PEACE PLANS 605. - - Your suggestion of cheque accounts to be permitted not only in Australian dollars but also, within Australia, in other national currencies, according to 'one's choice and subject to floating exchange rates, would be a step in the right direction but would not do away with one fundamental flaw: namely the continued dependence on national, mismanaged, centralized and coercive paper currencies. - - Thanks to legal tender provisions and the anti-truck legislation and jurisdiction, the deteriorating and restricted Australian paper dollar would still remain the exclusive currency for wage and salary payments, purchases in shops and for most other debt relationships. - - Most private people would still not be monetarily emancipated, i.e. could not issue their private notes, IOU’s and clearing certificates in competition with the national currencies and would not be free to adopt other value standards than the national ones. Decisive would also be whether and to what extent and at what rates the Australian governments would be prepared to accept other national currencies in payment of taxes and dues (while this kind of robbery continues). - - You write: "A much greater advantage, however, of dual currency accounts would be the lowering of interest rates for farmers and businessmen in the region. Those who borrow, could borrow in terms of the Japanese yen, and the interest rate with the Japanese yen would be the same in Australia as in Tokyo, say 4%, instead of around 20%." - - One has to distinguish between interest rates in times of sales difficulties and those during boom times. Low interest rates in times of sales difficulties may be harder to bear than high interest rates in boom times. - - Moreover, one should distinguish between nominally high interest, due to inflation and low interest rates due to an almost stable currency. - - The effective interest rate is presently not all that much above the inflation rate and has, sometimes even been below it. (It still is, for passport savings accounts e.g. with the Commonwealth Bank and with Westpac.) - - Furthermore, one should distinguish between inflation rates as determined by fraudulently compiled consumer price indexes (containing e.g. price controlled items) and honestly worked-out indexes and non-taxed and non-manipulated standards, like gold ounces SHOULD BE on a really free gold market. - - Interest rates may also be artificially increased, like the price of petrol and oil, by high taxes upon them. - - Furthermore, it matters greatly with what kind of means of payment one has to pay an interest rate. If, for instance, it is to be paid in a foreign exchange that, due to government interventionism, has become rather scarce, people quite liquid in other respects, might become unable to pay in this way. - - Likewise, if they have to pay in an exclusive, forced and scarce national paper currency, during a deflation or stagflation. - - The radical alternative, easy for every capable and honest debtor, if it were legally permitted, would be ability to pay interest in his own promissory notes, redeemable only in his own goods and services. If his management is sound and free, then he is always able to pay in this way, regardless of any official credit restriction or deflation. - - Clearing of his debts against his own capability to deliver goods and services would only be limited by his capability to supply goods and services at market prices. In that form he could even afford to pay higher interest charges than prevail otherwise in a market restricted through monetary despotism. - - Furthermore, interest rates may also be rather high due to the government attempting to counter its high and inflationary spending by high interest rates for private borrowers, and by due government securities not being acceptable in payment of taxes. - - Then there is always the difference of returns from capital conservatively invested in contracting segments of the economy as opposed to venture capital returns in high growth areas of the economy. Farmers have been and still are rather conservative in their range of produce, even when they used advanced technology to produce these goods. - - They have solved the problem of producing these goods in abundance but not the problem of selling them to people who are poor, starving, unemployed and monetarily not yet emancipated, either (and, therefore, poor, starving and unemployed). - - To the extent that Australian farmers depend on exports, they should not just struggle with other relatively free farmers in the world for a larger slice of the remaining restricted world market, i.e. by means of the existing exclusive national currencies, nor try merely to become monetarily emancipated in their own countries, but ought to see to it that all their potential customers become also and fully monetarily emancipated in their countries. What could they do about this? - - They could set them a good example, by seeing to it that international clearing certificates of their own guaranty communities (redeemable in their produce), would be used e.g. as means of payment to purchase goods and services from underdeveloped countries, like I described in PP 605. - - With your main interest presently confined to regional autonomy, you should at least consider a regional tax foundation money, issued for the payment of locally raised taxes and spent for all local expenditures of local authorities, so that at least the local tax-take would not greatly worsen the local monetary situation but rather improve it. (Compare e.g. the Four Law Dafts in PEACE PLANS 40.) - - These are only a few of the possibilities that come to my mind right now. I do not deny the possibility that there are many others. In many ways low interest rates are not impossible but simply outlawed or regulated out of existence. - - (Just like in so many other spheres: The free and just system is not impossible. It is merely outlawed! - JZ, 19.12.04.) - - Formal submissions to you: I have no time for them - not even time enough to make all my own intended submissions for and within my own PEACE PLANS series. But anyone is free to extract from it whatever he likes. - - Like Prof. John Burnheim, I, too, am suspicious of any system that still gives parties and politicians a large role - unless it is only among volunteers. - - However, as stated before, I favor referendum etc. - not as an ideal but as a means or methods to realize some ideals. I would like to see a referendum each e.g. on individual secessionism, rightful war and peace aims, the repeal of legal tender and of the other Reserve Bank privileges as well. - - Regarding the PACE you have chosen for your reform attempts, I meant only that I would find it pretty hard to impossible to greatly influence people during once-a-month meetings only, i.e. when these people are not willing to meet more often and are not reading and discussing sufficiently in the meantime. Compare that with the steady drizzle by the mass media that they are subjected to. - - I have no objection whatsoever against your final draft being composed, orchestrated and directed only by you but doubt that your orchestra will be up to standards if has only one monthly practice session. - - Thanks for your short distinctions between the various types of referendum. - - Like you, I am also not for the abolition of unions but only of their coercive features. - - Panarchy is just a word for exterritorial autonomy of volunteers or freedom of action, experimental freedom in the social, economic and political sphere or for full minority autonomy or full voluntaryism. - - Demarchy is a new term for me, too. I was only familiar with Deminstry, an English term for democracy within industrial enterprises. - - As for "philosophical gas": Direct democracy notions and practices are also made up of it. - - The debating topic "theory vs. practice" is very old. One of my favorite quotes on it is: "It is the beauty and the terror of a revolutionary age such as ours that theories are probably the most important 'facts' altogether." - Prof. Carl J. Friedrich, The New Belief in the Common Man, p. 49, 1942/43/45/49. - - I would like to see e.g. individual secessionism practised by and recognized for deserters from the Red Army in Afghanistan, instead of leaving them only the option of being prisoners of war in Swiss prisons, to be handed over to the Soviets within two years or, perhaps, being allowed to fight the Soviets in a special unit in Afghanistan, as if these were the only options which the "free" West could possibly offer them. - - One of the worst aspects about this case is that, apart from me, nobody seems even to bother to theorize about this case and related ones (like just war and peace aims for a Russian, and other captive nations in the area, after the Soviet Regime is overthrown) and about their implications. - - From my point of view the current practices are merely the stench arising from very unsound theoretical notions that have no proof from human experience. - - - - Regarding your letter of 27/Oct./86: - You seem to want me to write a short guide on political alternatives that are not part of the mainstream thinking. I claim to have neither the capabilities, time, interest and energy for such a large task. - - Merely to list the titles in my own library, that relate to this subject, would already exceed my currently available time and energy. I do not even find the time to sort out and catalogue my books. Presently, my collection is so disorganized that I cannot even find my section on democracy and referenda! - - However, following a quick “grab and run” raid on my collection, I offer some hints: You might find the following of interest: Robert Jungk, The Everyman Project, Resources for a Humane Future, Thames & Hudson, London, 1976. (Still fairly easy to obtain second-hand. He is now involved with setting up a library for the future in Salzburg.) - I finally got permission to reproduce Michael Oliver's "A New Constitution for a New Country." It should be out among my next fiche. - - You ought to acquire and read at least the following, I believe: Karl Hess: Community Technology, Harper Torchbooks, 1979, Spencer Heath MacCallum: The Art of Community, Institute for Human Studies, 1970, David Morris/Karl Hess Neighborhood Power, Beacon Press, Boston, 1975, Milton Kotler, Neighborhood Government, the local foundations of political life, Bobb-Merril Co., 1969, J. Toulmin-Smith: Local Self-Government and Centralization, 1851, reproduced in PEACE PLANS 22, Michael Zwerin: A Case for the Balkanization of Practically Everyone, Wildwood House, London, 1976, - Kirkpatrick Sale: Human Scale, Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, N.Y.,1980, Leopold Kohr: The Overdeveloped Nations, the diseconomies of Scale, Schocken Books, N.Y., 1978. - - Regarding U. R. Ellis: "The lesson was thus given to the world (with the American Declaration of Independence) that coercion of able-bodied communities spells disruption and disaster." - - I have seen able-bodied people but never able-bodied communities. I would, in this context, speak rather of relatively sound-minded individuals than "able-bodied communities". The latter can exist only in minds whose soundness one can often come to doubt. - - For me there is also a large distinction between establishing new "States" and new "communities" or "societies". - - The worst part of the States is their totalitarian territorial characteristic, even when they are "democratic" ones. - - The best part of all the utopian, extremely decentralized and intentional communities and alternative associations is their voluntaryist feature. Apart from some trespasses, which one could learn to cope with, they could harm only themselves - and only they would directly benefit from their actions. - - Like you, I have my doubts about reducing corruption merely by elections via lots and more public scrutiny. Corruption is inevitable as long as there is a public trough out of which bribes or favors can be granted (upon private bribes). One cannot trust that trust funds will always be honestly administered. - - The English monarchy is trusted, even by me, as an anarchist, because it does not have any over-powering powers left but only an influence, as the last resort, one due to respect. Nobody fears its conversion into an absolute monarchy but almost everyone fears that almost every party rule might be converted into an absolute party rule. - - In my "ideal", i.e. maximally reduced mini-state, the local governments, much smaller than they are today, would collect ALL taxes and pass on to States and Federal Government only such a percentages as would correspond to the express wishes of the own local voters. That would cut down State and Federal Governments at one stroke. - - (Naturally, my final ideal goes beyond that and would allow this ideal and other ideals being peacefully practised side by side and intermixed, as far as their membership is concerned.) - - Like the old saw: No matter whom you vote for, always a politician gets in, I would say: No matter what new State you promote, always another State would be realized and each territorial State lives on REDUCING individuals and voluntary groups. - - If territorial States have any justification at all - which I doubt - then is there such a thing as an OPTIMAL SIZE for them? - - Is a regional conglomerate, consisting of 14 municipalities and shires, below or above that optimal size, if it exists? - - I have some contacts with "bio-regionalists" - but they seem to be unable to agree on the definition and borderlines of their bioregions, too. To me all of them are infected by the brain virus of territorialism. - - John Burnheim’s article: Is Democracy Possible? - "GOOD GOVERNMENT", Feb. 86: I go along with his description of the problem, in column 1 of page 3, but not with his conclusions in column 2. The market, competition, free contract etc. do or can go much further than he imagines. - - In one way, he is quite radical, e.g., by striving for functional decentralization. However, here he overlooked the despotism that can be inherent in boards and special departments, which do enjoy privileges instead of being exposed to free competition. - - Instances: Post Office, State Railways, Egg-Board, Arts Council etc. - - If they had NO monopoly AND if they were voluntarily financed, this would be quite another matter. - - But people do not only want to make specialized contracts for themselves but also package deals, with organizations offering several functions at the same time. - - (E.g.: Labor party supporters would subscribe to different package deals than the Liberal Party supporters, given the individual option. – JZ, 18.12.04.) - - Even insurance and credit agencies do so now, to some extent and they should not be legally confined to a narrow range. The wider their range, the more they would be "voluntary governments" or "competing governments", limited or unlimited, servicing their volunteers autonomously and exterritorially, i.e. the more they would be panarchies. - - Naturally, panarchies should not have a monopoly for offering "public services", either, but anybody who thinks that he could compete with them, e.g. as a private or cooperative service enterprise, should be free to do so. - - Prof. John Burnheim, on page 4, has seen the need for some sort of arbitration between the new bodies. However, he comes to the conclusion, that there would be "no self-sufficient or sovereign bodies" at any level". - - Would he outlaw them, if they had only voluntary members, who could secede from them and if these bodies made no territorial claims? - - Page 5 of his article: The free market socialism regarding natural resources, that would be realized by Theodor Hertzka's "open cooperatives" seems to be unknown to him, likewise a competition between various land reform systems in the same country. However, he has broken out of the straightjacket of the conventional political thinking and thus deserves being called a philosopher. - - Since, according to the contents list that you copied for me, he discusses even "markets in money", it looks as if I will have to get myself a copy of his book. All over, its individualist tendency seems also strong enough so that it would fit into my series, if I could get permission for it. Maybe, I will visit him when I am next in Sydney. (I still have not got myself this book or visited him. – JZ, 18.12.04, 13.8.12.) - - Thanks for the extract from ch. 13 of John Steinbeck's EAST OF EDEN. I had so far and, apparently, quite wrongly, pigeon-holed him in my mind - as a State socialist and economic interventionist. If he has, consistently, applied what he expresses here, then he should have arrived at another position. - - From notes re previous letters: Did you doubt that I am a Free Trader? - - Do you favor the issue principle for notes, securities etc., provided that no force or fraud is involved? - - Free trade without this principle and its practice is incomplete and will lead thus back to Protectionism and other restrictions. When there is free trade not only in goods and services but also in exchange media, value standards and clearing methods, then most objections against Free Trade (really objections against the remaining traits of protectionism in conventional “Free” Trade) would tend to disappear. - - I doubt very much that you will be able to state your full case publicly without resorting to micrographics and or computers. - Enclosures: MFNL1, LMP-money, Never so few, Press release, 605,647,649, Kinderman FR 5 portable prospect. - FIOT, signed: John Zube - - P.S., 10.1.2005: Monetary freedom, financial freedom, free trade among Free Traders only, cooperative production enterprises, under various coop or self-management constitutions and various referendum or direct democracy systems among volunteers only are also panarchistic alternatives. – JZ – Slightly revised, JZ, 13.8.12.
TEMPLARS, THE: An order of Christian knights, who enjoyed, for a while, exterritorial autonomy. - According to Ulrich von Beckerath at least their French branch was destroyed by an avaricious French King, who wanted to confiscate what he believed to be their large treasure chest in rare metals. To his disappointment, his agents found only paper clearing certificates, like sound commercial bills, with whose aid this order had conducted an extensive trade and became well-off, but without using gold- or silver-coins otherwise than as value standards. Even today many cannot imagine a sound currency, using rare metals only as a value standard but not as an exclusive or dominant means of payment, but, rather, various paper certificates whose value is measured but not redeemable, by the issuers, in gold- or silver-weight units. - JZ, 2.9.04. - See: BECKERATH, ULRICH VON: On Panarchy.
TERM: The term Panarchy (latin: Panarchia) seems to have been used for the first time by a cosmopolitan philosopher Frane Petric (Franciscus Patricius) who was born in 1529 in the island of Cherso, or Cres, off the coast of Dalmatia, and died in Rome in 1597. In his treatise “Nova de universis philosophia” (“New Philosophy concerning the Universes “) that appeared in 1591 (with a second modified edition in 1593), he presented in four parts (“Panaugia”, “Panarchia”, “Pampsychia”, “Pancosmia”) his worldview in which the universe, nature and knowledge, were seen as an integrated whole. This approach explains the insistence in the use of the prefix Pan meaning Whole in Greek. - http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/patrizi/#1 - http://www.istrianet.org/istria/illustri/patrizi/schiffler.htm - - However, it was only almost three centuries later that a scientist (botanist) and litterateur named Paul-Emile de Puydt, would employ the term Panarchy with the meaning that will be here examined. - In 1860 he published in the Revue Trimestrielle, Bruxelles, a seminal article titled Panarchie (Panarchy) where he applied to social and political relationships the idea of economic competition (laissez-faire, laissez-passer) taken from economic life and theory. - According to de Puydt, many governments freely chosen by the individuals can co-exist side by side in the same territory and supply more efficiently and cheaply all those services that are now provided (very often ineffectively and costly) by a monopolistic territorial state. In this conception of Panarchy, the termination of every political monopoly and the personal freedom to choose between competing governments would then constitute decisive, if not indispensable, factors for obtaining better and more cost-effective social services. - Paul Emile de Puydt, Panarchy (Panarchie) - http://www.panarchy.org/depuydt/1860.eng.html - Gian Piero de Bellis, On Panarchy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/patrizi/#1 - Gian Piero de Bellis, in his On Panarchy, posted by Rodrigo Diaz on October 31, 2010
TERMINOLOGY, ALTERNATIVE, FOR PANARCHISM & PANARCHY: RELATED TERMS & IDEAS, NAMES, DEFINITIONS
TERRANIANISM: One World – One People – Terrania. 4pp by Mr BARNES, from 1969, 1970: 85, in PEACE PLANS 1539. - - At least after a while, he did also adopt some panarchist ideas. - JZ, 5.11.11.
TERRITORIAL COMPULSION, WARS & REVOLUTIONS: Abolish territorial compulsion and, indirectly, you will abolish wars, civil wars, revolutions and terrorism, deflations, inflations and stagflations, depressions and mass unemployment, among many other things. Then we would even be well on the road to abolish involuntary poverty for all those able and willing to support themselves and their dependents. – JZ, 8.6.97, 10.1.99. (See my proofs for this assertion in my two peace books, now on line: www.butterbach.net- JZ, 8.12.03.)
TERRITORIAL FRONTIERS: Territorial frontiers have never permanently satisfied any group, nation, faith, tribe or movement and never will or can – because they do not and cannot cater to all individual preferences, alliances and loyalties. At best they can satisfy a majority for a long time. But that does merely serve to frustrate the remaining minorities all the more, so much so that some of them do or will resort to terrorism or rebellion. – JZ, 5.5.93, 14.1.99. The lack of stability provided by territorial powers and their frontiers could by now be well demonstrated e.g. by short videos, showing their extractions and expansions over the last 3,000 years. The degrees to which at least part of the local populations emigrated and immigrated could be similarly visually summarized for thousands of years, to the extent that this can be done without accurate statistics. Any how, as a result hardly any pure races or ethnic group members are left anywhere. – J.Z., 13.8.12.
TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT POWER & THE POWER OF PANARCHIES: Territorial governments are not irresistible but panarchies, confronted by them, could become so, if they made rightful and consistent use of all their panarchistic options. – What disappoints me is, that it is so hard to get most anarchists and libertarians to discuss such issues in sufficient detail. They, too, share too many of the territorialist errors, prejudices and myths. - One person or a handful of them do not as yet a panarchy make. But they can plan it and many steps towards it and its practice in detail. That might be the most fruitful use of their own time and energy in their pro-freedom efforts – and it might help to establish a new science of politics, liberation, defence, revolution and insurrection as well as effective reform efforts. - JZ, 11.1.99.
TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS AMOUNT TO FORCED MARRIAGES, EVEN ENFORCED POLYGAMY, THE VOTE VS. TERRITORIAL VOTING RIGHTS: Forced marriages with or forced intercourse with governments should be declared unconstitutional, too, by establishing the freedom of individuals to divorce themselves, unilaterally, from any government, without having to state their particular individual motives, reasons and dissatisfactions. That option, and the subscription to voluntary associations for their protection and the services they do want, are the only votes which individuals really need and ought to have in every case. But in this respect all of us are still disfranchised. Compared with that the voting "power", the political vote, is a farce. - JZ, 27.2.89, 3.4.89, 10.9.04. – VOTING, SECESSIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM
TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, THEIR INSTABILITY, INSECURITY, RISKS, INHERENT DESPOTISM, POTENTIAL FOR SELF-DESTRUCTION & THE DESTRUCTION OF OTHER TERRITORIAL STATES & THEIR SUBJECTS, THEIR ALMOST PERMANENT CRISIS SITUATION: Under territorialism a single false cry of “fire” can suffice, like in a packed theatre, to bring about a panic and stampede in which many people are killed. A single assassination attempt against one of its leaders can lead to despotic “counter-measures”. More so a terrorist act in which many are killed, as the attack on the twin towers in NYC. Emergency powers are granted to democratic governments that could rapidly turn them into despotism. They were never deprived of all their despotic war- and peace-making monopoly powers anyhow. Their uniformly imposed constitutions, laws and jurisdiction continue and, together with their territorialist “foreign policies”, they continue to create enemies for them, which will use every opportunity against them and not only against these territorial governments but, collectively, against all their subjects. (Worst instance the ABC mass murder or anti- people “weapons”.) Their “programs” and “policies” have to appeal, by necessity, inherent in their form of organization, to the lowest common denominators, the emotions, instincts and popular prejudices rather than advancing moral and rational arguments and solutions that, at least at first, would appeal only to a few. In these systems, as Hayek pointed out, the worst tend to get to the top – and they tend to stay there for all too long. By suppressing rightful and self-concerned actions of peaceful dissenters the stage becomes set for civil wars, revolutions, terrorism and international wars and numerous despotic laws, all supposedly in the “public interest”. It keeps all opposition forces all too much disunited by infighting rather than united against despotic regimes. Territorial leaders are either part of a mob or turn their subjects into an unthinking mob – by staging events suitable for this purpose – to support their “policies”. (The “unprovoked” attack, “without warning”, against Pearl Harbor.) They create nation-wide “prisons” for innocents and then make their inmates fight the inmates of other such prisons, as if such fights were patriotic actions. They do not even bother to proclaim rightful and sensible war aims but take obedience to their orders and policy decisions for granted. – JZ, 27.1.05, 13.8.12. – WARS, DESPOTISM
TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, THEIR LIES, CONFIDENCE TRICKS & CRIMES: Through how many wrongs and crimes, from lies and frauds at elections, to robberies and murder, are territorial governments established and maintained, even the best of them? Few of these wrongs are ever revealed or soon enough. What citizens do not know about their “great leaders” makes them sufficiently popular or tolerated. Their power to cover-up their actions is immense, in spite of the power of the mass media in the somewhat free countries and much more so under open censorship. At best the “great” leaders are successful conmen, never able and willing to fulfill their promises and without the knowledge and ideas required to fulfill them, if that could be done, or the readiness to accept advice from anyone on how to do something rightfully and rationally. Nevertheless, they still find all too many, who go on believing in them for years, even decades, ignoring contrary evidence, just like many go on believing in astrologers, miracle cures, prophets, gurus etc. That is why, under territorialism, the worst tend to rise to the top and to maintain themselves there for all too long. Exterritorially autonomous competition, by their betters and by all other dissidents remains constitutionally, legally and juridically and, ultimately, also militarily suppressed. Even one of the somewhat free countries, the U.S., fought more against secessionism, even geographical secessionism, than it fought in all its other wars, judging by the number of war victims. Slavery was even then a side-issue for years. Slaves were not emancipated until late in the Civil War and racial and other dissenters are still not free to secede now, individually and in their minority groups. They are only allowed to advance or live or stagnate within the territorial system in accordance with their own ideas, beliefs or convictions, at their own risk and expense. All politicians, in all their public appearances, should be continuously under observation by a battery of lie detector and voice stress analysis systems and the results could, electronically, be publicized simultaneously, together with their speeches, with their dishonesty balance added up in the end and becoming a matter of public record accessible to anyone at any time. - Sometimes the general apathy created by their failures and the popular errors and prejudices they have spread, and the kindergarten-mentality among their victims, is so large, that they do get away with public knowledge of their criminal and corrupt actions and the confession of their inability to e.g. solve the problem of war, nuclear disarmament, inflation and unemployment, treating them and getting them considered almost like irresistible forces of nature, just like they were formerly accepted as "God's will". - But it would be far more rightful and effective to allow all dissenters, who do no longer need further proofs of government crimes and incapacities, to secede from them and their systems, alone and en mass, and to establish governments and societies, all only of volunteers, which can freely compete against them, under exterritorial autonomy (personal laws) for their communities. - Wouldn’t that simply multiply lies and deceptions, as happened in the sphere of religion? - In the social sciences one is not prepared to wait for results in heaven or hell, after this life but wants results here and now. Thus one would tend to be more critical towards such experiments. Facts contrary to any false theory would be daily demonstrated by successful communities of volunteers all around the members of the failing ones. To presume that most “consumers” of competing government services would indefinitely continue to make the wrong choices for themselves and be prepared to pay monopoly prices and charges for services or disservices that they do not want at all, does underestimate their intelligence. Moreover, they would no longer be the "products" mainly of governmental mis-education systems, propaganda and censorship. New and competitive systems for spreading and accelerating enlightenment would be opened up. – JZ, 11.1.99, 10.9.04, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS: On the basis of territorial governments no issue ever is or can be rightfully settled. – JZ, 27.8.93.
TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS: Territorial governments do all block alternative market services and enforce the “sale” of their “services”, whether they are wanted or not, at monopoly prices and charge highly even for their imposed and unwanted disservices. – JZ, 1.3.05, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS: Territorial governments, as such, do represent immorality and irrationality without inherent limits – except those of their territories – and they tend to change these, too, arbitrarily. – JZ, 1.2.05. - TERRITORIALISM
TERRITORIAL HIERARCHIES & DEMOCRACY & LIMITED GOVERNMENT: The inherent evils of statist, exclusive, coercive, hierarchical territorial sovereignty are just as much involved in limited, constitutional democratic or republican governments as in all territorially sovereign dictatorships and totalitarian States. – JZ, 5.11.92.
TERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE AMONG ANIMALS: badgers, for example, have large territories that overlap, while mink have much smaller territories that are fiercely defended." - Jeremy Chersas, THE AUSTRALIAN, 7.7.87. (First in New Scientist, London.)
TERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE OR EXTERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE? Why does Robert Ardrey assume that we did not, do not and could not imitate or continue the behavior of non-territorial animals, like sparrows, galas, whales, sharks, dolphins etc.? - JZ, n.d. – Q.
TERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE? It was George Schaller who once suggested to me that the only safe generalization to be made about the societies of monkeys and apes is that the primate has tried everything. And it is true. Out of our filling bag of primate observation, swollen so rapidly by the new studies, we may select examples of every conceivable social term. ... Of these species, the only one which neither defends territory nor shows attachment to an exclusive range is the wandering, submissive, inoffensive, vanishing gorilla." - Robert Ardrey, The Territorial Imperative, Collins, London, 1967, pp 220/1. Ibid, page 222: "There is even the amiable chimpanzee, who seems to found his society on nothing very much but his own good nature." Ibid, page 224: "The patas is intensely territorial, the hamadryas not at all." - In short, Ardrey contradicted himself, even in the same book and did not notice it! Nevertheless, he insisted upon his "conclusions" regarding the territorial nature of the human ape. What an ape! - JZ, 12.12.03.
TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY: For “territorial integrity” read: “territorial oppression” or “compulsory uniformity”, regardless of the wishes, rights and liberties of peaceful individuals, minorities and, sometimes, one or the other of the temporary majorities. – JZ, 5.5.93, 14.1.99.
TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY: Territorial or geographical integrity has nothing to do with moral integrity. On the contrary: It embodies and upholds territorial authoritarianism and despotism, even tyranny and totalitarianism. - JZ 4.10.92, 4.1.93.
TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY: There is no such thing. It amounts to a contradiction in terms. Even the most democratic or republican States or anarchistic societies, when territorially established and maintained, amount basically only to territorial and to that extent even totalitarian despotism of one or the other kind of territorial minority or majority. – JZ, 9.10.93, 19.7.08. – DIS.
TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY? Inviolability of territory" and "territorial integrity" do violate individual rights and the integrity of individuals, at least as far as dissenters and nonconformists are concerned. They also do harm to others - but that is their choice. - JZ, n.d.
TERRITORIAL INTOLERANCE A MENTAL DISEASE: How many people die or are oppressed and suffer every day because of territorial intolerance is not yet recognized as the most wide-spread mental defect? – JZ, 15.7.93, 10.1.99. - It is not so much a mental defect but a defective but nevertheless still dominant idea. Even religious intolerance lasted for all too long, based on flawed notions, e.g. fear that a God would hold all the faithful collectively responsible if they tolerated heretics. - JZ, 22.9.04. – GOD, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, INTOLERANCE
TERRITORIAL INTOLERANCE: It is easy to see flaws in the schemes of others but hard to persuade them that these are mistakes. It seems easier to suppress them or to intolerantly fight them. But the suppression and pre-emption of creative energies that is involved in the suppression and the fighting that results from this, is an excess price to pay. At the same time, it is hard to see, understand and end the flaws in the own schemes. There is no better teacher than prolonged and bitter experience with them at one's own expense and risk, without any aliens and dissenters to blame as scapegoats or to extract subsidies from. Consequently, each ought to be freed to practise the own mistakes and the own creative inventions or discoveries - at the own expense and risk. Examples, freely set by volunteers, will have more to teach and will teach more than best informed despotic efforts and coercive measures could. Each ought to be free to succeed or to fail on the merits of his own ideas and efforts. - Why is it so difficult to spread such seemingly self-evident truths, which are already, in all too general terms, repeated a thousand-fold every day? - JZ, 19.4.89, 4.7.89. - Such truths are even widely practised - in other spheres, in our daily lives. - JZ, 10.9.04. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TOLERANCE
TERRITORIAL LIBERTY OR NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE OR TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY: Territorial liberty means lack of exterritorial or personal and individual liberty. - JZ 18.6.92. It means licence for the rulers and slavish subordination for the subjects, even when they formally participate in their subjugation by choosing their masters by majority votes. JZ 5.1.93.
TERRITORIAL MONOPOLIES: Should there be any monopoly for social organization, i.e. one for Communist or Nazi totalitarians or one for welfare statists, or one for limited government advocates or one for anarchists - or should all of them be free to compete with each other, dependent only upon voluntary support? If a question is sensibly put, it almost answers itself. - JZ, 14.7.87, 1.4.89. – Q.
TERRITORIAL NATIONALISM WAS LARGELY IMPOSED: This was often done by force of arms or "law" and under the “guidance” of false ideas and misleading and exploitative institutions. It is the breeding ground for counter-productive bureaucracies and the abuse of power. It leads to civil and international wars, revolutions, terrorism and systematic exploitation of State subjects by their own governments. Mankind shouldn’t risk continuing on this path any longer. – JZ, 6.10.97, 10.1.98, 10.9.04.
TERRITORIAL POLITICS & CHOICE: When territorial politics began, free choice for the individual was destroyed to the same extent. - JZ, 14.9.91, 12.1.93.
TERRITORIAL POLITICS & HARMONY: Territorial politics promotes animosities, not harmony. - JZ, 23.5.91, 13.1.93.
TERRITORIAL POLITICS, FOUNDATIONS, MENUS, RESTAURANT SERVICE: All general conclusions derived from territorial politics have been derived from wrong premises and too many wrong “cooks” or theorists. The foundations of territorial politics, of the established “political science” is “sand”. That is why politics is, in a cover-up attempt, often called an “art” rather than a science. All political choices should be offered to free individuals not like a uniform meal for all inhabitants in a country, but “a la carte”, as menu choices, that bind only those who pick them, at least to pay for what they ordered, even if they do not consume it. Each individual and sovereign client of political services (and, objectively, disservices), should have the choice between many political “restaurants”, “doctors”, “experts” or supermarkets, all operating under the free enterprise system, even if they are organized as cooperatives or socialistic collectives. – JZ, 25.11.93, 9.1.99, 13.812.
TERRITORIAL POLITICS, WAR, COLD WAR, REVOLUTIONS, CIVIL WAR: Territorial politics amounts to cold war - often breaking out into hot civil or international wars. - JZ 16.9.92.
TERRITORIAL POLITICS: Territorial and coercive and monopolistic politics simply does not and cannot provide all the rightful options that we do need to achieve freedom, peace, justice, security, prosperity and general progress. J. Z. 14.6.92, 6.1.93.
TERRITORIAL POLITICS: Territorial politics is a "disease of perception and attention." - JZ, 11.1.93. - It infected all public affairs theories, institutions and actions. - JZ, 10.9.04.
TERRITORIAL POLITICS: The sheer paralyzing deadlock of the political system. - ANU historian commenting on Burundi, 23.8.88. - The "clever" political observers almost always omit to add "territorial" before "political system" or "States" or "nations". - JZ, 10.9.04. – I did so myself, for all too long! – JZ, 3.2.12.
TERRITORIAL SOLUTIONS ARE NOT ONLY WRONG BUT IMPRACTICABLE: Territorial “solutions” are no more just, no more practicable and affordable in the political, economic and social spheres than in religion or in numerous spheres of our private lives. – JZ, 28.4.93, 14.1.99, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIAL STATES & STATISM: Whoever, in view of this enormous mass of factual material, still believes that the state, with its hosts armed to the teeth, its armies of bureaucrats, its secret diplomacy and its countless institutions designed to cripple the human spirit, serves to protect humanity, is beyond help." - R. Rocker, "Nationalism and Culture", 528. - Let them have the illusion of State continuance under panarchist forms. Gradually, even they, most of them, would learn to live without territorial statist package deals or how to reduce them to their personally wanted minimum. Territorial States, with their suppression of freedom of action, i.e., of tolerant experimentation among volunteers, are not good, far less ideal learning and experimentation environments. - JZ, 7.4.91, 13.1.93, 10.9.04, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIAL STATES AMOUNT TO STRAIGHT-JACKETS. FREE & RAPID DEVELOPMENT REQUIRES EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEER COMMUNITIES: In the straight-jacket of the territorial and coercive State - no free and full political, economic and social evolution can take place. Nor can individuals reach and develop towards their full individual human potential in this restrictive framework. This applies to the rulers as well as to the ruled. As Leonard E. Read has often said: Everybody's creative energies must be released. But as an advocate of limited governments, still territorially organized and with compulsory membership, he did not advocate, either, this kind of secessionist and exterritorial autonomy release or liberty or right in ALL spheres. - JZ, 24.2.89, 3.4.89, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIAL STATES ARE ROBBER STATES & PIRATE KINGDOMS, EVEN WHEN, FORMALLY, THEY ARE REPUBLICS OR DEMOCRACIES. – JZ, 25.1.05.
TERRITORIAL STATES, POWERS & INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM: Territorial States are not likely to progressively reduce their State powers – but individuals, given the secessionist option, are likely to do so and to reduce the costs and restrictions of governments more and more, towards limited governments and non-governmental societies, for which the first panarchistically acting libertarians and anarchists could set attractive examples. But that first step, an effective individual’s secession or that of many individuals, would be a very important and very difficult step for these individuals, also the establishment of the first panarchies – unless special opportunities are optimally utilized for this. – JZ, 30.4.88, 13.1.99, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIAL STATISM A PERVERSION OF SOCIETY: Statist perversions should only be permitted among consenting statists. They should never be imposed upon any dissenters. - JZ, 27.2.89.
TERRITORIAL STATISM: The territorial State is a coercive and corrupt perversion of society. Consequently, no one should be obliged to participate in it. - JZ, 27.2.89.
TERRITORIAL UNITY CAN BE PENETRATED & DISSOLVED BY BETTER IDEAS & PRACTICES: Ideas do not know any borders. Alternative politics or governments in exile can be practised effectively beyond the borders of a dictatorship, providing “a standard to which its wise and honest could repair”. Panarchies, made up all of volunteers, i.e., operating largely with unanimous consent, cannot as easily be penetrated by different ideas, especially not when these other ideas are not demonstrated as true through other panarchies. However, as experimentalists, the panarchists will observe and judge the successful experiments of others and will adopt ideas, methods and institutions which would improve their own systems further. To that extent most of them would be perpetually in a progressive flux, except the few faithfully bound to whatever traditions they do want to loyally uphold, no matter what it would cost them. Compared with territorial States however, panarchies will be relatively stable and unchanging, true to their unanimously approved ideals, as long as they can manage to uphold them and they, as exterritorially autonomous community members, all fundamentally in agreement with each other, would give their preferred systems their best chance, through their best efforts, undertaken in the absence of any large or multiple internal opposition and of any active enemies outside. Verbal criticism they will have to be able and willing to withstand, welcome or tolerate. Territorial States offer a multitude of points upon which they can be morally and rationally challenged, especially by the more free societies and communities that are already set up. Never mind the number of their soldiers, weapons and tax slaves, they have no real strengths except those conceded to them by false ideas and policies. – JZ, 11.1.99, 3.2.12.
TERRITORIAL UNITY, STATES, UTOPIAS, CONSTITUTIONALISM, JURISDICTION, UNITY: Territorial, governmental, legal and juridical as well as administrative unity for as diverse critters as human beings are is the "utopia" in the worst sense (although today existing almost everywhere and all too uncritically and widely accepted still) and can lead only to disappointments for most. Panarchism would revive the old tradition of personal law and autonomous voluntary institutions, of “capitulations” and “consular jurisdiction, i.e., the recognition of foreign laws and institutions for foreigners, which existed for most of the recorded human history but have been described and appreciated only by a few historians. It would achieve only unity in diversity and this through the recognition of basic rights and liberties of all those with whom and with whose communities one would otherwise strongly disagree. - JZ, n.d. & 10.9.04, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIAL VOTING, POLITICS, POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS, ELECTIONS: They disfranchise individuals and minorities, especially when they are dissenting ones. At the same time, they do grant all too much power to those, who participate in these "advance auction sales of stolen goods". What they are ALL deprived of is the undisturbed freedom to decide upon and act upon their own affairs, without an election victory and without struggles to gain and maintain power. All are thus made dependent upon majority support or that of influential men or groups, instead of merely upon their own free choices. - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.3.04. – VOTING, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITARIANISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY
TERRITORIAL VOTING: Territorial voting means despotism for those outvoted or deceived by it. - JZ, 24.3.04.
TERRITORIAL, SECRET & IRRESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT OVER DISSENTERS VS. EXTERRITORIALLY AUTONOMOUS, VOLUNTARY, RESPONSIBLE & OPEN SELF-GOVERNMENT, ELECTIONS & VOTING: According to Spooner, 'men honestly engaged in attempting to establish justice in the world, have no occasion to act in secret and to appoint agents to do acts for which they are not willing to be responsible. The secret ballot and lack of legal representation and legal responsibility makes a secret government and a secret government is a 'secret band of robbers and murderers'. - This is the kind of government we have; and it is the only one we are likely to have, until men are ready to say: We will consent to no Constitution, except such an one as we are neither ashamed nor afraid to sign; and we will authorize no government to do any thing in our name which we are not willing to be personally responsible for.'" - Carl Watner, in Holterman, Law in Anarchism, 131, quoting in the last part: Spooner, No Treason, VI, 29. - Periodic territorial elections, even if quite free and honest, do not hold territorial governments sufficiently responsible. - JZ, 10.9.04. – Nor so they produce sufficiently enlightened, interested and responsible citizens. – J.Z., 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM & ANIMALS: BUTTERBACH, CHRISTIAN, Territorialism: [Previous entry: "No fear of words!"] [Main Index] [Next entry: "Papiergeld regiert die Welt"] 10/03/2005 Entry: "Animal Kingdom" Elephants, donkeys, ostriches, sheeple, libertarians... - Would you say that voting and, in the case of the United States, choosing between two animals, is a national liberation movement? I wouldn't! Especially since the voters do not vote for ostriches! - And like domesticated birds they feel reasonably well [though a bit less lately] in the corral into which, as wild animals (individuals), they have been caught. Also with the help of libertarian lassos (spell it with upper case L , if you want). Like animals, they stick to territory. And as in the case of the USA, the territory is rather large (and rich in natural resources, including hurricanes, sorry), the territorial addiction is solid. Thus they put up with that nonsense that every individual born, living, residing, travelling in such a territory, including those outside the territory, but dealing with the inmates, plus those unwilling to deal like in Iraq, should abide by the same set of laws set by others. They only have a choice as to which colours the feathers should have that their Supreme Commander Fowl are wearing. Never a real change, only changing and returning fashion trends, as superficial and dishonest as Max Factor "Pancake" makeup. All made up, all cover-up! - National liberation movements, national liberation fronts or with whatever military names and cosmetic they like to beautify themselves, so abundant in the past and now, are normally initiated and pursued by those who know least how to create abundance, extreme left-wingers. In spite of tons of good reasons to be extremely dissatisfied with the conditions for them in the to them foreign national corral or coop they are cooped up in, all those Kurds, Chechens, Basques etc. are less imprisoned and AbuGhraibed by the nations they consider foreign than by their own flawed ideas. - - Secession is good, but not from a territory in most cases and not from a monopolist legal system, if it's only to become a transfer1 of the despised one, falling again into the trap of territorial despotism and start all over again. Or do history books have to be filled with all that crap? Paper is too precious to be wasted for such an ineffective perpetuum mobile. Secession is good if it allows, for as many as spontaneously form (and maybe dissolve again), voluntary and very different and diverse legal communities to exist and function peacefully towards each other within the same territory (like Catholics and Protestants in Germany, unlike in Northern Ireland). And there should be only one: the Earth! Let's shoot those imperialists, nationalists, monopolists, border Nazis, Patriots and other despots to the moon! What a paradise it will become there for real estate agents... - And while I'm at it, legitimate territorial instinct only as far as the "my home is my castle" goes, private property. Man made one. Animals living on the same territory, let's say wild cats or dogs, mark their "territory", but that is not in any sense as exclusive as when a Coast Guard takes a leak on the shore. It allows dogs and cats and rabbits and squirrels, blackbirds and the whole of Noah's Ark to each live quite differently in its own "panarchy" within the same territory. Some individuals of one animal panarchy, but far from all, will "sometimes" kill and eat an individual from some other animal "legal" community, but that's simply because, in the view of our human more advanced evolutionary and civilized state, God has done its job VERY badly. What can you expect from an absentee landlord/lord/Lord (upper or lower case, not unlike with libertarian and Libertarian ...)? Not much. In the best case that you are left alone. Left in peace. That peace which is almost perfect within one animal panarchy, totally unlike in our human nation states. With their murders and executions and the Draft. All in all, the statistics put us in a very bad position on the chart, compared to animals here. And without the slightest need, unlike for some animals. - - Therefore, everything that is not created by human hand or mind, the gift of nature, the natural resources, the simple ground on which we stand and walk and work and love, should equally, "communistically", belong to each living human individual. The animals can have it for free (they rarely ask). There is such abundance without our artificial allocations of quota, destructions through wars and other human crimes and stupidity, without our present putting so much off limits, and without all that tribute asking. Animals and the plants give us so much in return. Each parcel of land and natural resources on it or underlying it should be leased from and paid to the whole of humanity2 for a price determined on the market. This is the ideal to be reached, but it has to be done in many practical steps. We will never solve the problems of the world, which are ours, if we do not start with this most basic one among all and if we do not stop to ideologically either be wholesale on the right or wholesale on the left. The salvaging truth is a synthesis of both approaches, according to the requirements of the problem at hand. Provided the self-ownership of the individual is respected. And freedom both as an end and as a means is the guideline. - To make exterritoriality and panarchism work, we need in common only a world-wide consensus on the most basic natural individual rights, expressed by the Zero Aggression Principle, the Equal Freedom of All, Reciprocity, the respect for each individual's life, corporeal intactness and self-ownership. And all our thugs who after all do not want to board that space ship to the moon or Mars, those with a cop disposition, would finally find a legitimate playground, strongly ensuring this respect and NOTHING ELSE, so that we may finally love them! - - When will our voting sheeple and voting libertarians-cum-Libertarians or a combination of the two finally drop their blinkers/blinders and illusions and jump on the panarchist, polyarchist, personarchist train? Are they satisfied with the little they might reach through politics, losing their and our time, while the lemmings like floods blindly and boldly march on to cataclysm? - - Fly the coop! - - (1) décalque in French, Abziehbild in German, apsebillt in Luxemburgish. - (2) from the new embryo to the wise old head exhaling the last breath on the deathbed; a monthly distribution in equal parts to all living humans of the whole proceeds of that land rent would also make obsolete the need for welfare, unemployment insurance and the like, as the basic needs, as nature intended, would be covered; those who want a higher standard of living will work, earn in addition and pay insurance; an important side effect will be that who happens, through no merit of his own, to sit on an oil well, be it the Sultan of Brunei, a Bush or a Shiite in Basra etc. will not be able to claim it privately without compensation to the rest of the world, like now; and this revolutionary change alone will make all wars obsolete! - [Animal Kingdom versus] Animal Farm! – Christian Butterbach, email@example.com, http://www.butterbach.net/blogs/epinfo/archives/00000029.htm.
TERRITORIALISM & COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Territorialism amounts also to coercive and collective responsibility for all people subjected to a government, as decided by the own and by foreign governments, via taxes, laws and even nuclear mass murder devices. - JZ, 17.4.89, 3.7.89.
TERRITORIALISM & COMPULSORY MEMBERSHIP IN STATES OR COMPULSORY SUBORDINATION TO THEM FOR MOST RESIDENTS: Involuntary membership or territorialism, with its centralized and collectivized sovereignty and decision-making, do guarantee, among other things, that public spending will tend to exceed income, via "deficit financing", either burdening future generations with extra taxes or the present one with the inflation tax. Exterritorial autonomy for volunteers and individual secessionism, and the voluntary taxation which this implies, would, on the other hand, tend to guarantee great costs savings and limit or abolish subsidies, finally reducing official spending to the kind of limited and balanced budgets that members do really do want, individually, in most cases, given the choice. - JZ, 13.2.92, 13.1.93, 11.12.03. - Just as normally happens in private clubs and associations. - JZ 10.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM & CONFLICTS, WAR & PEACE: Territorialism assures and organizes conflict within and between territories. - JZ, 26.6.01.
TERRITORIALISM & CONSCRIPTION, PANARCHISM OR EXTERRITORIALISM & VOLUNTARISM: Territorial conscription into political, economic and social systems works no better than conscription into armed forces. Allow people to desert such systems, thus making election campaigns, resistance, revolutions and civil wars unnecessary for realizing any degree of liberation that groups of people desire for themselves and allowing them to distance themselves constitutionally, legally and juridically from all systems which they distrust, despise or know to be flawed. - JZ, 25.8.98, 26.6.01.
TERRITORIALISM & COURTS: [Error! Hyperlink reference not valid.] In reference to (b) it should be noted that there are a lot of perplexing situations also under territorial laws. Which court is competent is often in doubt today as well. - RCBJ. – Essay name & URL?
TERRITORIALISM & CREATIVE ENERGIES: Exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers would release creative energies (in the remaining spheres so far reserved by territorial governments for themselves), while territorial governments do not but do monopolize and mismanage most important spheres for their involuntary victims. – JZ, 28.5.01. – The voluntary victims deserve such governments. – J.Z., 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM & DEMOCRACY, GUIDED DEMOCRACY: All territorial democracies are "guided democracies" and, as such, misguided. - JZ, 25.8.98.
TERRITORIALISM & DESPOTISM, VOTING, ELECTIONS, PARTIES: Democracies, and republics as well, do still practise despotism towards the lives, actions, earnings and properties of their involuntary subjects: e.g. those who did not vote or who voted against their present regimes and those, who voted for them but became soon disappointed by them. - That they, in turn, might get their chance, in one of the next elections, to lord it over those who disagree with them, does not increase the fundamental injustice of such an arrangement. - JZ, 25.8.98, 28.6.01, 22.9.04. – INJUSTICE, MAJORITARIANISM, DEMOCRACY
TERRITORIALISM & DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DIVORCE, MARRIAGE CONTRACTS: Territorialism is the worst kind of “domestic violence”. It is on the largest scale and, what is worse, is made to appear legitimate by means of constitutions, laws and juridical and police monopolies. – JZ, 15.10.97, 14.1.99. - As for the other and minor kind of "domestic violence": Under panarchism there would be many competing marriage and divorce arrangements, likewise many competing educational systems. That situation would tend to reduce ignorance, prejudice, stupidity and brutality within families, too, even though, initially, panarchism would provide scope for the practice of outdated family relationships and traditions. These might persist in spite of repressive laws - but could not, in the long run, stand quite free competition by the examples of other and much freer and sensible relationships all around. - JZ, 8.12.03. – I believe also that abolition of involuntary unemployment and poverty, as a result of the experimental freedom of panarchism, would also reduce e.g. domestic violence, excess drinking, ignorance, prejudices, thoughtless nationalism, racism and ideological intolerance and other wrongful applications of the “principle” of collective responsibility and most ordinary crimes as well. One tends to arrive at this point of view once one has considered this alternative for long enough from all angles. – J.Z., 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM & DOMINATION: I must possess all or I possess nothing." From film: Masters of the Universe, SF, 1987. This primitive notion appears to be one of the main principles of totalitarians. – JZ, 31.12.92. Panarchists rather say: I must only be free to rule myself and what is mine in order to posses what I can rightfully demand. – JZ, 3.1.93. - And to get the chance to spread my ideals not only by persuasion attempts but also by practical demonstrations. - JZ, 9.12.03.
TERRITORIALISM & EXPERIMENTS: Territorialism means taking chances - not only with volunteers but with masses of dissenters forced to participate in the currently popular or imposed public experiment. It unjustly and unnecessarily increases the scale of failures and reduces the number of experiments. Moreover, by spreading costs and other burdens among numerous dissenters it tends to reduce feedback, responsibility and learning from experience - and thus progress. - JZ, 20.6.01, 23.6.01, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM & FREE CHOICE: A territorial voting choice is not a free choice for dissenting individuals and minorities or even for majorities. - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.3.04.
TERRITORIALISM & FRONTIERS, WAR: Geography - natural frontiers - is the most arbitrary of criteria and means only endless wars. - W. A. Dunning, Political Theories, p. 338, on Renan.
TERRITORIALISM & GEOPOLITICS: Both are paralysed by costly and sterile geopolitical war games." - Samuel Pisar, Of Blood and Hope, 229. – I wish that all English spelling would remain unified instead of becoming more and more diverse. – JZ, 3.2.12.
TERRITORIALISM & HUMAN SACRIFICES: Human sacrifices by the dozens are still offered every day to the “Gods” of territorialism, under various fancy camouflage names, including “national independence”, “freedom struggle”, “self-determination” or even “autonomy” as if most of full independence, freedom, self-determination and autonomy were not to be denied to the dissenting minorities in the populations of whole territories - by all present territorial public policies. Panarchists offer, via their experimental freedom, genuine solutions to genuine problems but not any mass murderous “Final Solution”. To them individuals and their individual sovereignty are the ultimate resource to be liberated, largely through their own efforts and at their own speed, rather than to be used and abused for the purposes of others. Panarchies, in their internal and external relations will largely rest upon individual rights and liberties, while territorial States, even those which formally included some bill of rights points, are largely based upon the suppression of many basic individual rights and liberties, even those they included in their limited bills of rights. – JZ, 20.3.93, 11.1.99, 10.9.04, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM & INNOCENCE, LIMITED GOVERNMENTS: There is no INNOCENT territorial State, government, party, movement, politician, bureaucrat, law or regulation, police or justice system. They are all guilty of practising or aiming at coercive impositions upon the populations of whole territories. – JZ, 20.1.98, 10.1.99. - Even when they want to impose no more than what is, by their standards, a "limited government" or a "rightful" one. - JZ, 10.9.04, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM & ITS INTOLERANCE: If green were your favorite color then you should be free to e.g. wear only green clothing, shoes and hair, free to color even your eyes green and all your food and drinks as well as your skin, free to choose only green paper and various shades of green ink, soap, toothpaste, decorations, sheets and tissues. But you should not be authorized to force all others, who live in the same territory, to adopt your color preference. All you should be able to enforce is that your personal preferences becomes tolerated by others as your own rightful choices for yourself. - Panarchism does not demand any more, but it does so in the three remaining spheres in which so far individual choice has been systematically denied, even without any extensive public debate about this. - JZ, 6.7.98 & 26.6.01.
TERRITORIALISM & ITS POWERS: Territorial powers can be overcome, relatively easily, once the potential for a-territorial self-government becomes recognized and realized. - JZ, 04-11. - STRENGTH, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, DEFENCE, MILITIA, WAR AIMS
TERRITORIALISM & ITS PROBLEMS & EXTERRITORIAL SOLUTIONS: There are exterritorial solutions to most of the remaining political, economic and social problems, even to most of the military problems of governments and societies - but since they are all exterritorial and voluntary ones, they are all outlawed, left out or ignored in most public discussions and mostly even in scholarly discussions and writings, although merely a fundamental reversal of territorialism would be required to realize or approach the solutions. The "intelligence" - services haven't as yet discovered these alternatives, either, although they have been somewhat published. Even the enormous precedents of religious liberty and exterritorial and voluntary autonomy in numerous privates affairs are ignored. Most people seem to be unable to abstract from them the principles that are there involved and to apply them to the political, economic and social spheres. – JZ, 25.5.93, 14.1.99, 10.9.04. – EXTERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, MONOPOLISM, COERCION, LEGALISM, UNITY, UNIFORMITY
TERRITORIALISM & LIBERATION: Liberate yourself from all territorial politicians and bureaucrats. At most choose your own for yourself and like-minded people only. - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.4.04.
TERRITORIALISM & LIMITED GOVERNMENTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES: Territorial governments and individual liberties are irreconcilable. - JZ, 27.3.89. Whoever imagines that a limited government would be able to grant or guarantee all individual liberties, does simply not recognize the full scope of individual liberties and how much territorialism does infringe many of them. - JZ, 31.3.89. – MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING, FREE TRADE, EDUCATION, FINANCIAL FREEDOM, TAXATION
TERRITORIALISM & LIVE & LET LIVE, LAND MONOPOLY & LAND REFORM: Live and let live - even if both of you want to live and work in the same territory. - JZ, 8.4.92. - Suggested by: "unless you both need the same territory." - Colin Kapp, "The Teacher", "ANALOG", Aug. 69, p. 19. - If it comes to claims for the same agricultural land, Theodor Hertzka's open cooperative proposal should at least be taken into consideration as one possible alternative land tenure system. - JZ, 1.1.93. - And when it comes to high market prices for scarce land, then purchasing land on terms, with value-preserving clauses, and fluctuating interest rates relating to annual returns, as well as alternative means of payment - should be considered and the possibility of acquiring land through a cooperative, perhaps only under a long-term lease. Under such conditions land would become available to all, for any productive purpose. - JZ, n.d. & 10.9.04, 22.9.04. – PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, OPEN COOPERATIVES
TERRITORIALISM & MAN: Is man a territorial animal? He is rather an animal that forever seems to move to new territories and even when he is settled somewhere, he still seems to roam a lot around his country or the world, time and funds permitting and he pursues his profession, hobbies and interests regardless of and independent of those of others - in a relatively tolerant way. (Tourism, the modern nomadism, is now the world's greatest industry! - JZ, 24.8.04.) – Q., DIS.
TERRITORIALISM & MOORE, CAROL: Dear John, - A quick and big thank you for your as always VERY long, but VERY thankfully so in this case, message. Subject: 020618 Carol Moore, Re: [libnetd] LP Platform Needs "Community" Language, … 18 Jun 2002. … as it offers an enormously interesting encyclopedic overview of the subject and the state of the panarchistic movement. By the way, I got the message twice, once also from Michael Gilson De Lemos ("MG"), as I seem to have slipped into the list of that Yahoo group. - I particularly liked your remarks about the fact that most Libertarians are still hooked on the territorial principle. You quote an US example, but I want to draw your attention to an equally recent example here in Germany, where ef started a secession initiative (which I probably will not sign) also ignoring the wrongs of territoriality. - Wouldn't it be wonderful if the Libertarian movement that is becoming so strong and stronger everyday could be rounded off to perfection through the inclusion of the better and more intelligent ideas on territoriality or exterritoriality and land reform that already exist? - Therefore I think you should send a message like that also to André Lichtschlag! Or shall I do it for you, since I am in excellent relationship with him? - PIOT, Chris. PS: I just send it right away! :-) [19.6.02] - … www.butterbach.net / www.exterritorial.net / firstname.lastname@example.org - www.carolmorre.net/4 - email@example.com CAROL MOORE, LIBERTARIAN PARTY, LIBERTARIAN MOVEMENT, DECENTRALIZATION, EXTERRITORIALISM
TERRITORIALISM & NATIONALISM: Nationalism is always imposed." - A lecturer of the University of Technology at Sydney, when interviewed in the 10 am ABC Radio Show on 22.3.04. – Territorial nationalism, unfortunately, has still too many statist volunteers for all its wrongs imposed upon peaceful dissenters, who would rather opt out to do their own things among themselves. – JZ, 3.2.12.
TERRITORIALISM & PANARCHISM OR EXTERRITORIALISM: Even in family, friendship and scholarly circles, people don't fully agree. How can we expect them to agree within and over whole territories? Let them sort themselves out, individually, according to individual preferences, for TOLERANT experiments among themselves, self-realizing for all individuals and their voluntary associations the degree of liberty, which they do want for themselves. Everything else, even when running under anarchistic slogans and banners, or those of limited governments, amounts to a kind of basic despotism. - JZ, n.d. & 22.9.04, 13.8.12. – INDIVIDUALISM, VOLUNTARY SEPARATISM & ASSOCIATIONISM
TERRITORIALISM & PANARCHISM: Territorial systems, with their compulsory membership and subjugation, leave only some liberties to dissenters and at worst tyrannize or even murder them - in their internal civil wars and their international wars. The alternative is exterritorial autonomy and personal laws for volunteer communities, for all peaceful individuals and groups choosing them for themselves and for all rightful insurrectionists, liberators and revolutionists resisting any dictatorship or tyranny. – JZ, 18.3.94 & 7.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM & PEACE: Territorial "peace" not only makes for war - it already is a kind of war, at least a military occupation, or a police state, with their inherent instability. – JZ, 18.12.92, 10.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM & PROBLEMS: There is no territorial solution to the main problems of the world. - JZ, 24.6.91.
TERRITORIALISM & SELFISHNESS, RIGHT OF PRIVATE JUDGMENTS, SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY: Selfishness is not living as one wishes to live. It is asking others to live as one wishes to live. - Oscar Wilde: The Soul of Man under Socialism, 1891. – SELFISHNESS, EGOISM
TERRITORIALISM & SIZE: Every territorial State, no matter how small, as a coercive, exclusive and territorial organization, has a strong imperialistic tendency. It wants to grow and tries hard to grow, at the expense of its subjects and its neighboring territorial regimes. Moreover, it has all too many powers and opportunities to do so. (Unless it is a miniature State that has resigned itself to its position. - JZ, 11.12.03.) Thus the continuous rise and fall of empires and of their massive victimization schemes and methods. They always have their hands in the till. Thus they must be reduced in their powers to voluntary members, voluntary contributions and to the status of exterritorial autonomy only. Then they can grow only upon their recognized or imagined merits and will fast decline with their recognized demerits. Only then will they be always faced by fully free competition from good and better service providers. Only then can they no longer conscript manpower and resources for their wrongful and unpopular schemes. Further, their lying propaganda efforts would soon fail, before they can grow into large empires, because of their early and obvious business failures. Their customers would not get their money's worth and would opt out and come to boycott them. They would always compare them with the offers of other and better service providers or cheaper services offered by others and become thus members and customers of the other panarchies. The others may be represented next door or even by members of the own family. Only exclusive territorial powers over involuntary victims gives them the power to grow parasitically, like a cancer. - JZ, 21.11.91, 13.1.93, 11.12.03, 22.9.04, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM & STATES, NATION-STATES: Territorial States are blowups or crises waiting to happen. They are war, oppression, exploitation and crises promoting institutions. - JZ, 29.1.04. - At least those ruling over large territories either are or can become warfare States in many to most cases. There are a few exceptions, e.g. Switzerland and Sweden. - JZ, 6.10.11.
TERRITORIALISM & TAXES: We should, however, not malign even the "devil". Territorial legalism has also, slowly, led to the recognition of rights of people formerly considered to be second-class citizens or even less. To the tax gathering rulers the faith of their subjects, their skin color and ideology do not matter greatly, as long as they pay their taxes and otherwise obey the commands or laws of the rulers as well. Some of this surely is a product of some kind of enlightenment. But by now it has even legally imposed kinds of reverse discrimination. - RCBJ. –Title? Date? URL? - Tolerated minorities in the Ottoman Empire had to pay a head tax of a gold piece per year. That helped to prolong governmental tolerance. Dead people pay no taxes. - Only a fraction of all genuine individual rights and liberties are so far officially recognized or supported by public opinion. At the same time mere wrongful claims upon others are legally declared to be rights. - Who or what is to blame for that situation? Free and compulsory education, governmentally supervised, is certainly one factor. Another important one is the failure of individualists, classical liberals, anarchists and libertarians of all kinds to work towards the best declaration of genuine individual rights and liberties that could and should be compiled and published by now. - JZ, 20.9.11. - HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
TERRITORIALISM & THE AGE OF DARKNESS: Territorialism made the Age of Darkness persist into our times. - JZ, 14.10.04.
TERRITORIALISM & THE NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, LEADERS: let me make it clear that I'm talking about the leaders of the great powers as being the contenders in this process. These are the generals and admirals and politicians, who effectively control the military machines of the nations. These are people who would destroy cities in order to save them, whose standard accomplishment is whose flag flies over where a city was, not what's left of the city." - Filthy Pierre, Thoughts on "National Defence" vs. Proprietary Community Defence, TC (THE CONNECTION), 109, of 22 Jan. 83, p. 37. - Cities and proprietary communities set themselves up as targets for such "defenders". Those who are exterritorially dispersed, do not invite such attacks but deter them - and turn almost everyone into an ally against those who attempt to persist with such mass murderous madness under conditions of non-territorial autonomy for all. - JZ, n.d. – It’s madness even under territorialism but not as obvious as such. – J.Z., 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM & TOTALITARIANISM OF DEMOCRACIES: The totalitarianism of exclusive and enforced territorial allegiance or “loyalty” or “territorial integrity” is the flawed foundation of even the most democratic, republican, limited and libertarian States and even of the decentralized but still territorial diverse communities dreamed up by most anarchists. – JZ, 8.7.98, 9.1.99, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM & TOTALITARIANISM: None of the evils which totalitarianism claims to remedy is worse than totalitarianism itself." - A. Camus. None of the evils which territorialism claims to remedy is worse than territorialism itself! – JZ, 11.1.05.
TERRITORIALISM & UNIFORMITY: One government, one constitution, one body of laws, one jurisdiction, one administration, one penal system, one education system, etc., for all living in a territory. Why not be consistent, as some totalitarians have been and are, and prescribe one uniform, uniform meals, physical training, uniform consumer goods, the same public transport for all, the same kinds of shoes and hair styles, the same faith or ideology, the same buttons, cutlery, shoelaces, combs, a uniform bed of Procrustes, the same tennis rackets, hair shampoos, soups, entertainments, drinks and recreational tours and make all fit into the prescribed territorial mould, all this with the threat: stop complaining, or else! The motive, why this is not more extensively tried, although some self-appointed planners and utopia designers for the lives of others would consider such imposed uniformity as ideal, is the fact that in many to most of our “private” spheres we are already habituated to live and act panarchistically, i.e. freely and voluntarily, under exterritorial autonomy. Thus any attempt to turn back the clock in everything would be fiercely resisted, even on trivial points, by many who are not principled libertarians or anarchists, far less conscious and consistent panarchists. – Compare the popular resistance in Australia against ID cards, and against the attempt to re-introduce licensing fees for radios and TVs, also the popular reaction against prohibition of alcohol in the U.S.A., as well as the number of “folk crimes”. – The very shelves of supermarkets and of specialty shops and fashion stores do prove that, given the choice, most people prefer variety rather than uniformity, their own choices rather than choices imposed upon them by others. Panarchism would do nothing else than extend this preference and individual choice option into the remaining few spheres, which were so far largely preempted by territorial governments. In other words, unconsciously, most people are already predominantly inclined towards panarchism, in all spheres where they consider it as self-evidently practical and which are of some significance to them in their private lives. But with regard to public affairs they have been brought up and conditioned, by officially prescribed kindergartens and their rules and premises, to excluding individual choice or panarchism there or to presume it to be impossible. - JZ, 10.1.99, 10.9.04. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, FREE CHOICE IN EVERY SPHERE
TERRITORIALISM & VICTIMIZATION: Many millions of dead soldiers and still more millions of dead civilians, including women and children, the old and the sick, are the price we pay for territorialism, without even thinking about its voluntary alternative, namely that of exterritorial autonomy for volunteer-communities. - JZ, 22.9.99, 28.6.01, 10.12.03.
TERRITORIALISM & VOTING, ELECTIONS: A vote only for territorial politicians and bureaucrats is no free, rightful and equal vote. Only voting within exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers can be free and rightful and complete. But precisely among such like-minded people voting will rarely be required to arrive at for them acceptable decisions. - In this respect, under territorial rule, we are all still largely disfranchised - while suffering under the delusion that we do have a "free vote". - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.3.04.
TERRITORIALISM & VOTING: Territorialism exploits, oppresses and murders people. Thus I cannot vote for it. - JZ, 24.3.04. - I am always thinking of a short slogan to deface my ballot paper and thus cast an invalid vote.
TERRITORIALISM & WAR, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, GENERAL HOLOCAUST: Without territorial identification, war levies and conscription, masses of people will no longer be dragged into every single conflict. We can afford nothing less in this age of potential holocaust." - J. Neil Shulman, "Alongside Night", 221/2.
TERRITORIALISM & WAR: Territorialism means war, civil war, terrorism, guerrilla and bloody revolutions, interrupted only by various degrees of more or less "peaceful, orderly and lawful" oppression, under various cover names and periodical armistices, during which the expensive and risky arms race goes on. - JZ 1.7.92, 15.1.93, 10.12.03, 10.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM & WAR: The hypothesis: In the contemporary age characterized by Individuals vs. State conflicts, we can reformulate the problem of war and its origin in terms of: - gangs: groups of people with exclusive control over a certain territory - gates: the artificial borders of the controlled territory - guns: the repressive means for controlling the territory, including the arms of state propaganda and school indoctrination - grievances: the various objections and resentments of those who oppose the control of a territory by a certain gang. - - Considering that most of the grievances that lead to open warfare consist, in the final instance, in territorial claims of exclusive sovereignty, the success of a gang/government in displacing and replacing another gang/government does not, as previously pointed out, cancel the likelihood of further grievances emerging at some later date, but only postpones it until a new organized and determined group arises with its own demands for exclusive control of some territory. - And then the cycle of violence and warfare is re-ignited once again. - This is exactly what has happened and is still happening in the course of history. In short, whatever way we deal with the problem of war, it seems that the crux of everything is the pretension [false pretence? – JZ] by a tyrant (be it the majority as in a democracy or the minority as in an oligarchy) to [to be able to rightfully? – JZ] lay exclusive claims to the control and exploitation of a territory and all its resources, people included. Gangs, gates and guns are there only because of territorialism, that is because of this absurd imposition of monopolistic territorial dominance. - The hypothesis put forward here, and for which plenty of historical evidence can be brought to bear, is that territorialism is the core reason for the emergence of deep-seated grievances that lead to violent clashes and, in the final instance, to total protracted warfare once the social groups have reached a certain level of political structure and organizational weight. - If this is true, it follows then that, if we accept territorialism as the everlasting way of social organization (namely, one territory - one boss) grievances amongst groups of individuals will always be with us. - GIAN PIERO de BELLIS,: Scenarios for the Future, 2006, http://www.butterbach.net/dimpress.htm http://www.panarchy.net/ - TERRITORIAL DECENTRALIZATION, GEOGRAPHICAL SECESSIONISM, TERRITORIALISM
TERRITORIALISM AS LEGAL TENDER: Territorialism is the “legal tender” (compulsory acceptance combined with compulsory value) for monopolistic government services. It forces bad management and depreciating services at high prices (taxes and fees) upon dissatisfied compulsory customers and drives out good and competitive services or prevents them from coming into existence. Here, too, the bad one does, coercively, drive out the good ones. Under panarchism the good and wanted public services would be free to drive out the bad and unwanted services. (Like good optional monies would drive out the bad optional monies. Gresham's Law, in the popular version, applies only to legal tender currencies.) However, those still believing in certain flawed services would be free to retain them, among themselves, at their own cost and risk, like bad doctors of their own choice. – JZ, 18.5.93, 14.1.99. - Voluntary acceptance and free pricing for competitive governmental services would soon reduce, cheapen and improve them to the wanted degrees. - JZ, 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM CREATES LOCALIZED ANIMALS, IN NATION-WIDE & GOVERNMENT-RUN PRISONS, ZOOS, CIRCUSES OR CONCENTRATION CAMPS: Human beings, for example, even the best, are now all 'localized animals, peculiar to some of the innumerable districts into which irrationality has divided the world'." - John Bowle, Political Opinions in the 19th Century, p. 145, quoting from "A New View of Society ..." 1813, from a Justice of the Peace for the County of New Lanark, 76 pp, Everyman Edition: Robert Owen. As far as I have read him, he did not want to do away with this territorial conditioning but replace the existing one merely with his own more enlightened and humane one. - JZ 7.1.93.
TERRITORIALISM DISABLES: Territorial governments do not enable but disable – all but power-mad people – and panarchistic forces can be released and combined against these. Via targets, motives, powers and means for ABC mass murder devices they have not provided universal and lasting security but, instead, the highest degree of insecurity that men have ever produced for themselves. – JZ, n.d., 14.1.99. – Here, too, a few power-mad “leaders” have acted quite wrongly, “in the name of the people”, even when such “weapons” are obviously directed mainly against whole populations rather than territorial misleaders. – JZ, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM FOOLS PEOPLE: Under territorialism "it is quite sufficient to fool MOST of the people all the time." - John Hargraves, 1940, Words Win Wars, p. 182.
TERRITORIALISM IS AGGRESSION: Panarchists claim that rule over dissenters living in the same territory amounts to aggression and despotism. - JZ, 23.9.88, 1.4.89.
TERRITORIALISM IS NOT INEVITABLE OR NATURAL FOR ALL: Territorialism is just a widespread popular folkway, tradition or custom. It is neither morally nor socially superior to cannibalism, slavery, human sacrifices, torture or the burning of witches or widows. It has committed more wrongs and done more harm than these and other crimes combined. - JZ 27.12.92, 3.1.93.
TERRITORIALISM MIGHT BE OVERCOME AS FAST & UNEXPECTEDLY AS WAS, FINALLY, THE BERLIN WALL & THE IRON WALL: Ideas know no borders and can be spread at electronic speeds and some of them can satisfy the rightful aspirations of most people. Thus panarchism has at least the potential to spread with the speed of a chain reaction - once it is grasped and applied somewhere and sufficiently publicized. But the "critical mass" of panarchist ideas, facts, opinions, traditions and literature as well as of panarchist minds has first to be brought together, as a precondition for such a development, if this is not to be left to time and chance. - JZ, 10.12.03. - Otherwise we have only a few panarchistic voices in the wilderness, with most territorially mis-educated minds made deaf towards them. - JZ, 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM OF ROBERT ARDREY: From the limited territorialism of some animals, by far not all of them, he wrongly concluded upon a general territorialism of the human animal, which he called "The Territorial Imperative", a term also used as the title for his most famous book. From this book one can also gather quite a few examples for non-territorial behavior among ordinary animals. Why man should be so irrational and immoral to follow only the examples territorial animals - he does not say. Nor did he explore exterritorial activities of the human animal, by a corresponding examination of human history, which rather indicates that his approach and his conclusions were not really scientific. - JZ, 2.9.04. - For humans only the "territory" or small area of the home represents what among animals is covered by their "nesting instinct". Beyond that their territorial behavior is not dominated by an instinctive "territorial imperative" but, rather, by a combination of false ideas on territory, strength, unity, equality, security, rights and liberties, choice, freedom, voting, tradition, societies, mandates, consent, authorization, majority rights, minority and individual rights, etc., by all the wrong and flawed concepts of what has been mislabeled "political science" or "Realpolitik" or "pragmatism", "experience" or "common sense", all abused in the same way in favor of defending political intolerance as other popular prejudices were once utilized to uphold religious hierarchies, religious States or religious intolerance. For hundreds of years public affairs were based on the "foundation" not of human nature and of the nature of associations but upon popular prejudices, myths and errors which are even now not yet systematically and comprehensively refuted, e.g. via an encyclopedia of the best refutations so far found of popular errors, myths and prejudices which are obstacles to enlightenment, progress, peace, freedom, justice, prosperity and security. - Robert Ardrey was an all too successful apologist for the greatest wrongs man has committed towards other men, because he was and is coercively organized into territorial States. JZ, 22.9.04. - See also: ARDREY, ROBERT.
TERRITORIALISM ON A SMALLER SCALE: As present headlines demonstrate, once again, small scale territorial nationalism, racism and religious fanaticism can be locally just as brutal, murderous, destructive and wrong as when practised on a large scale by federations and empires. Not its size but its intolerant and intolerable actions are wrong and its tacit assumption of territorial, exclusive, coercive and centralized sovereignty. - JZ, 1.7.92. - The only advantage of local government despotism is that it is a bit easier to overthrow or escape from. - If ideal local militias for the protection of individual rights and liberties were organized, trained and armed then few local governments, acting despotically, would tend to last long, unless they were made up entirely of volunteers, organized in their own utopian colony, intentional community, sect or proprietary community under their own prophet or guru. - JZ, 22.9.04, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM VS. COMPETITION: States should lose their territorial monopolies and should have to enter into free competition with each other for voluntary members, taxpayers and other subjects, wherever these may live and work. Only then could we avoid party struggles, resistance and terror actions, civil and national wars. Because then neither totalitarian powers would remain nor liberation motives of suppressed minorities or majorities. They could then realize their ideal among themselves, soon and freely, in the States or free societies of their dreams. That should keep them busy and force them to bear their own costs and risks. - JZ, revised version, 10.1.93, 10.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM VS. INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM & INDIVIDUAL & MINORITY AUTONOMY: A territorial statist society is one "where the individual can't withdraw and start his own system." - John W. Campbell, Letters, Vol. I, p.118.
TERRITORIALISM, A SHORT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Territorialism - An introduction to the concept of Territory is David Storey (2001) Territory. The claiming of space, Pearson Education, London. - For an ecological perspective critical of state territorialism see Thom Kuehls (1996) Beyond Sovereign Territory, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. - For territorialism in the history of international relations and about the crisis this reality is undergoing see - Thomas J. Biersteker and Cynthia Weber, editors (1996) State Sovereignty as Social Construct, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and especially the essay Alexander B. Murphy, The sovereign state as political-territorial ideal: historical and contemporary considerations. - One of the visible results of modern state territorialism is the control of the movement of individuals. For this see John Torpey (2000) The Invention of the Passport. Surveillance, Citizenship and the State, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. - For a view on state and territoriality in our times see Mathia Albert (2001) Territoriality and Modernization, http://www.uni-bielefeld.de/soz/iw/pdf/albert_3.pdf - The meddling and misdeeds of the Western territorial state powers in the last decades are portrayed and analysed in the following books: William Lederer (1961) A Nation of Sheep, Cassell, London. - Tristram Coffin (1964) The Armed Society. Militarism in modern America, Penguin Books, Baltimore, Maryland. - William McGaffin and Erwin Knoll (1969) Scandal in the Pentagon. A challenge to democracy, Fawcett Publications. - William Blum (2000) Rogue State. A guide to the world's only superpower, Zed Books, London, updated edition 2002. - John Pilger (2002) The New Rulers of the World, Verso, London, 2003. - Mark Curtis (2003) Web of Deceit, Vintage, London. - Philip Sands (2005) Lawless World, Penguin Books, London, 2006. - See also the Amnesty International magazine (U.K.), in particular the January-February 2006 issue about the detention network administered by the U.S.A. through their allied tyrants in some Arab countries (Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Yemen). - For documents exposing the causal link between territorialism and terrorism see: Ivan Eland (1998) Does U.S Intervention Overseas Breed Terrorism? The Historical Record, Cato Foreign Policy Briefing No. 50 - http://www.cato.org/pubs/fpbriefs/fpb/-050es.html - Robert Pape (2005) The Logic of Suicide Terrorism. It's the occupation, not the fundamentalism. - http://www.amconmag.com/2005_07_18/article.html - Gian Piero de Bellis in: "Waiting for the bomb." - Appendix: Waiting for the Bomb? - BIBLIOGRAPHY
TERRITORIALISM, ABUSES: If the whole community had the same interests … But such is not the case. On the contrary, nothing is more difficult than to equalize the action of the government in reference to the various and diversified interests of the community; and nothing more easy than to pervert its powers into instruments to aggrandize and enrich one or more interests by oppressing and impoverishing the others; and this, too, under the operation of laws couched in general terms and which, on their face, appear fair and equal. Nor is this the case in some particular communities only. It is so in all – the small and the great, the poor and the rich – irrespective of pursuits, productions, or degrees of civilization; with, however, this difference, that the more extensive and populous the country, the more diversified the conditions and pursuits of its population; and the richer, more luxurious, and dissimilar the people, the more difficult it is to equalize the actions of the government, and the more easy for one portion of the community to pervert its powers to oppress and plunder the other.” – John C. Calhoun, A Disquisition on Government, in the selection by C. Gordon Post, pages 13 & 14. – Nevertheless, neither Calhoun nor most of the modern “political scientists” drew the exterritorialist and voluntaristic conclusion from this observation. Territorial politics, as usual, and usually quite wrong, went on and on, largely uncritically accepted as just and rational. – JZ, 17.1.05.
TERRITORIALISM, CAPTAIN COOK, & THE REDISCOVERY OF AUSTRALIA, ABORIGINALS, LAND RIGHTS, NATIONALISM, CONQUESTS, OCCUPATIONS, NATIONAL LAND TENURE, AUSTRALIA: Isn't it ridiculous that the captain and crew of a small ship can land on a continent, being neither the first nor the last to do so, but, nevertheless, then declaring themselves possessors of the whole continent attached to that landing place, a continent they have not explored or developed, not even fully mapped the coastline of, and to do that in the name of the queen or a far-away other country, a mere island, and quite regardless of those people, who had already lived on this continent for a very long time, tens of thousands of years? It is almost as if you and some mates visited Sydney for the first time and declared, upon arrival: Sydney and Australia are hereby ours, in the name of our master! If you had brought with you a whole invading army to conquer this continent and kill, enslave or subdue all its inhabitants, then you would, thereby, however indirectly and insufficiently, have at least recognized their very existence, although, by conquest, you could, obviously, not establish any kind of rightful sovereignty over them, either. - This historical instance demonstrates well the ridiculousness of territorial sovereignty claims. Alas, all too many still take them serious. Thus, at present, we are still stuck with them and their numerous wrongful and harmful consequences, because most people, although they, too, are long-term victims of this system, do not question its fundamental and wrongful assumptions. Most have still to recognize its injustice and harmful consequences and to recognize, explore and adopt rightful and reasonable alternatives for themselves. Nor should we jump to the wrong conclusion that the first settlers or nomads or later comers, any kind of aboriginals or natives, or earlier or later white or other immigrants, or current voters, would or could have any rightful and quite exclusive territorial claim to a whole continent. - JZ, 4.11.00, 28.6.01, 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM, COLD & HOT WARS: Territorial politics amounts to cold war - often breaking out into hot civil or international wars. - JZ, 16.9.92.
TERRITORIALISM, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, THE NUCLEAR WAR THREAT & TYRANNICIDE: Territorialism leads people, even intellectuals so much astray, that they come to mix up rulers and ruled so much that they come out in favor of the political construction, maintenance and control and use of ABC mass murder devices rather than Saturday Specials in the hands of citizens and their use in tyrannicide. They would rather engage in another world war or nuclear war than conduct or induce tyrannicide, an almost bloodless revolution, military insurrection or putsch or liberation war. – JZ, 15.6.92, 6.1.93. – Nevertheless, they are still considered to be military experts. How many millions of lives were uselessly squandered by military experts? General Nivelle, during WWI, was nicknamed the “blood drinker” by his soldiers. He drove them up to 40 times in a row against well prepared German fortifications, sometimes with his own artillery barrage behind the attacking French soldiers, to prevent them from turning back! That is perhaps even worse than Soviet generals forcing members of punishment units to attack across minefields, in order to clear the minefields. If we continue to trust such experts then a general nuclear holocaust will, sooner or later, come quite inevitably. – J.Z., 13.8.12,
TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACIES & DICTATORSHIPS: The individual self is mostly ignored, suppressed and exploited in territorial and "representative" democracies and republics, although not as much as in open dictatorships and tyrannies. - JZ, 21.1.04.
TERRITORIALISM, DESPOTISM: Despotism or unlimited sovereignty is the same in a majority of a popular assembly, an aristocratic council, an oligarchic junta, and a single emperor. - John Quincy Adams. - Their common feature is exclusive and coercive territorialism. - JZ, 5.4.89.
TERRITORIALISM, ENFORCED UNIFORMITY, MISNAMED SELF-GOVERNMENT: If all were forced to either go barefoot or to wear high boots, or high heeled shoes, or thongs only, with all being compelled to wear the same footwear, or none, at the same time and for all occasions, upon command from the highest level, then we would get at least political campaigns, if not civil wars, on which particular footwear is to be worn by all, if any. The remaining political choices and voting rights remind me of this kind of very limited individual freedom, the freedom to wear what others, the top decision-makers in a territory, or its majority, do decide, supposedly for one’s own good. – JZ, 11.12.97, 11.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM & SCUM: Under territorialism the scum tends to rise to the top. Under exterritorialism it tends to sink to the bottom – and the decent people will tend to rise above them. – JZ, 11.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM, FRONTIERS, BORDERS, NATIONAL UNITY ATTEMPTS & PANARCHISM, NATURAL ORDER VS. ARTIFICIAL ORDER & DISORDER: Artificial antagonisms, chiefly national, and arising from the same cause, have scattered the natural elements of the economic, aesthetic, intellectual and moral solidarity of our race.” … “Thus all civilized beings find themselves threatened with the same fate, and have no hope of escape but the questionable intelligence of talkers and dreamers urging different and contradictory conceptions and plans, or that of opportunists who follow after the events they are unable to control. In this peril the salvation of civilization is to be found in the imperative necessity of reaction against the prejudices of artificial Order and return to the conditions of natural Order.” – S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p. 378, discussing Follin’s League Pour Ordre Naturel, published some time before WWI. – Follin was a friend of Ulrich von Beckerath and advocated individual sovereignty and individual secessionism as well as voluntary world-wide associationism. So far I was only able to obtain and publish a collection of some of his sayings, posthumously compiled by one of his children: “Paroles d’un Voyant”. Enquiries at the Alliance Francaise were fruitless. I have never seen any of his works in French sections of bookshops. – JZ, 9.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM, GENERAL HOLOCAUST, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, WORLD WAR & POLITICS AS USUAL: We should give up territorial politics before it gives us up. - JZ, 25.1.97.
TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS: Territorial governments limit our options and opportunities, rights and liberties, our earnings, wealth and personal growth - instead of expanding them, which they promise to do - but cannot do by their very nature. The only thing that excuses them to some extent is that as territorial, monopolistic, coercive and hierarchical governments they cannot help doing so, even with the best intentions. But we are not excused if we accept them any longer and we tend to become punished for this in more and more totalitarian ways of coercively getting our lives interfered with and mis-run from the top. Alas, the innocent few among us are likewise punished. J. Z. 14.6.92, 6.1.93.
TERRITORIALISM, INDEPENDENCE, SELF-RESPECT, VOTING, POLITICS AS USUAL: Independence and self-respect mean much more than subordination to politicians and bureaucrats who were elected or tolerated by ever-changing temporary majorities. Neither scientific experiments nor our own lives should be determined by territorial majority voting. - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.3.04. – MAJORITARIANISM, VOTING
TERRITORIALISM, ISLANDS, NATIONALISM, FREEDOM OF THE HIGH SEAS: Territorial systems become especially absurd when they are raised towards the people, who found degrees of independence on islands in the neighborhood. Formosa/Taiwan, Ireland, Island, Corsica, England, Indonesia and Venice are typical instances. Here more than territorial unity is claimed. To achieve exclusive fishing rights or oil exploitation rights, not only firm land is claimed but large stretches of oceans. As if free trade could not and would not make fish and oil available worldwide, from anywhere. Only by recognizing "freedom of the high seas" have concessions been made to panarchistic thinking. That freedom ought to be extended to the continents and islands. - JZ, 9.12.03.
TERRITORIALISM, LIBERATION: Within the framework of territorial States no full liberation is possible for anybody. - JZ 24.4.89.
TERRITORIALISM, NATIONAL LAND TENURE SYSTEMS, LAND REFORMS, EXPROPRIATION, NATIONALIZATION & WAR: He who has land has war. - Italian proverb. - The proverb refers probably mainly to the permanent (open or cold) civil war between landholders and landless people. There are dozens of land reform proposals. Most of them are coercive and monopolistic. The panarchistic approach would make a peaceful coexistence between all of them possible, with all of them established and maintained only at the expense and risk of their voluntary members. Then the better systems would, gradually, come to prevail. But its main threat for man is the national territory land tenure system, the cause of most wars, civil wars and revolutions. Offhand I cannot think of an exception. Territorial exclusivity is tied in with any fanaticism but made worse by collective responsibility notions which are mostly quite wrongfully applied, not only by the God of the Bible. - JZ, 24.6.01, 22.9.04. - COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY
TERRITORIALISM, NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY: There is not a single good reason why any people should be allowed to organize in territorial States. We have given up the spleen of tribal and religious territorialism. We ought to similarly give up the spleen of exclusive and coercive territorial sovereignty and of the uniformly imposed political, economic and social systems that go with them, no matter how "democratically" they are imposed. - JZ, 17 Sep. 89, 10.10.89.
TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, IMPERIALISM & WRONGFUL GLOBALIZATION OF NATIONAL LEGISLATION: Über manche Meldungen muss man sich schon wundern. So auch bei einem Bericht von smh.com.au, in dem es um eine bisher einmalige Maßnahme der niederländischen Regierung geht. Diese hat insgesamt 80 Online-Wettbüros weltweit mit einer Klage bedroht, sollten sie es weiterhin zulassen, dass niederländische Anwender beispielsweise auf Pferde wetten. Das ist aber nicht das eigentlich Erstaunliche. Viel interessanter ist, dass 62 der so "Vorgeladenen" sich den Forderungen beugten, obwohl die niederländische Justiz in ihren Ländern kaum Möglichkeiten zur Durchsetzung niederländischen Rechts hat. - smh.com.au - http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/06/22/1056220484637.html - CB: Sehr zunehmend erreichen mich aus Holland und Dänemark, den beiden früheren relativen Musterländern (im Vergleich zu den größeren europäischen Staaten), insbesonders Holland, für persönliche Freiheit, Meldungen über neue Gesetze und Gerichtsurteile, die diese Freiheiten drastisch einschränken. Dies geschieht oft auf Anlaß anderer Länder (USA, Deutschland). Zudem ist es erstaunlich, daß dort Pferdewetten verboten sind. Aber viel erstaunlicher ist, daß diese Leute sich freiwillig der ausländischen Justiz stellen. Vielleicht haben die, sozusagen als Pioniere, mitgekriegt, daß heutzutage das Recht weitgehend keine nationalen Grenzen mehr respektiert. Früher war das eine Spezialität Deutschlands, seine Bürger auch dann zu verfolgen, wenn sie in einem andern Land, was begangen hatten, was in dem Land erlaubt war aber in Deutschland nicht. Inzwischen hat sich Belgien ja damit berühmt gemacht. Und die USA sind seit jeher der Meinung, daß sie alles auf der Welt zu bestimmen haben. Dies alles ist ein trauriger Trend zum Weltstaat, die falsche Globalisierung, statt der rein handelsmäßigen. Deshalb kann ich vielleicht verstehen, daß Lichtschlag auf die Nationalisten jetzt setzt ... - From email of C. B., 8.7.03. He called it, in subject: Auch eine Art freiwilligen privaten Rechts... :-) – How much sense can one expect from people addicted to gambling, betting, alcohol, smoking and other drugs, including power and territorial statism? – JZ, 4.2.12. - TERRITORIAL STATISM, INTERNATIONALIZED
TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, UNITY, FLAGS: The flag may be all that all members of a territorial nation have in common. It cannot hide all their fundamental and numerous minor disagreements. Many do even disagree with the kind of flag that was chosen. - JZ, 18.10.00, 24.6.01. - Uniforms of soldiers and policemen are another form of camouflage for really disunited "nations". One law for all is another attempt of achieving an artificial unity. Is it achieved, e.g., by anti-drug or anti-gun laws? Does one President or One Prime Minister or one imposed Constitution or Supreme Court for all people in a territory establish uniformity and equal interests for all its inhabitants? The mythology for "united" nations and "single" peoples is not any better than the "unity" provided by exclusive State churches. - JZ, 9.12.03. – UNITY, UNIFORMITY, EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW?
TERRITORIALISM, ONE LAW FOR ALL, CONVENTIONAL DEMOCRACIES & REPUBLICS, AS OPPOSED TO PANARCHIES: Fat-headedness – be-like-me-ness – rules their despicable conduct!” – Leonard E. Read, How Do We Know?- p.21. – Alas, he, too, wanted to impose a single government upon a whole territory and all its inhabitants, although his "ideal" government would otherwise have been only a “limited” one. Upon the unlimited statists and anarchists of every shade and variety it would still have been a despotic imposition, one which, in their minds, would have justified resistance actions against it. – JZ, 7.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM & STATES: The State is a legal relation by virtue of which a supreme authority exists in a certain territory. - Paul Eltzbacher, Anarchism, 1900. - The State is a legal fiction. The vice of it is, that thereby a supreme authority is established in a certain territory and over all people who live in it, whether they agree or disagree with that supreme authority. A supreme or any other authority or service institution established only by and over volunteers, without any territorial claims except the real estate properties of the members, is quite another matter. - JZ, 24.6.01. - The remaining national territorialism and sovereignty has morally and practically no more justification than had absolute monarchism or the "divine right of kings". - JZ, 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, SUCCESS & FAILURE: Territorialism assures more failures than successes. - JZ, 25.8.98.
TERRITORIALISM, PEACE & FREEDOM: Since territorial sovereignty and unity attempts, and their compulsory membership and subordination systems, have nowhere secured peace, freedom, justice and prosperity for all and for long, and still lead to bloodshed every year in dozens of trouble spots, why shouldn’t at least some mass media, or at least the anarchist and libertarian presses, seriously consider and discuss the to me rather obvious alternative to territorial sovereignty and compulsory State membership, namely, voluntary membership in various communities, that are all only exterritorially autonomous. This model or framework or "meta-utopia" (Robert Nozick) could provide complete autonomy for all minorities and majorities and thus end much strife between them, like the introduction of religious liberty or tolerance did in that sphere, wherever and whenever it was fully introduced. - In science and technology whatever does not work well enough becomes, sooner rather than later, discarded. But in the social sciences, not yet deserving the name “sciences”, most people seem to hold on, proudly, and loyally, to old errors and myths, no matter how often and for how long they have been contradicted by observable facts. The territorial system allows them to spread the damage and the blood, freedom and rights “prices” to be paid by others, who do not agree with them. Panarchism would introduce complete self-responsibility and through voluntarism reduce the dimensions of bloodshed and damages, while at the same time removing many of the conflicts caused by territorial systems and aspirations clashing with each other. When you can freely practise your religion or ideology, then you do not have to fight others for it. – JZ, n.d., 11.1.99. – SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-DETERMINATION, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNANCE, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM
TERRITORIALISM, PEACE TREATY, JUSTICE: A peace treaty will never fulfill all wishes. It will never do justice to all entitlements. - Bismarck im preussischen Herrenhaus, (Prussian upper house), 22.12.1866. - That is correct for territorialist peace treaties but incorrect once individual sovereignty, individual secessionism and voluntaristic and exterritorially autonomous communities are recognized as rightful and possible. A panarchistic war aims declaration and peace treaty, one that could even be unilaterally offered and individually accepted, could fulfill all rational wishes and all just entitlements. - It could soon lead to the dissolution of all despotisms. - Territorialism spooked in Bismarck's big head, too. - JZ, 24.6.01. - Territorialism is so far upheld by the most powerful persons and exterritorialism only by a very few of the least powerful ones. However, optimal volunteer militias for the protection of all individual rights, locally organized, rightfully armed and trained and internationally federated could soon reverse that situation. So far that alternative has also been seriously considered only by all too few people. Thus we remain stuck in the mud and blood of territorial politics as usual. - JZ, 22.9.04. – INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS DECLARATION & MILITIA
TERRITORIALISM, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, GODS, CHARITY, ABORTION & CHILDREN: We should not more put our trust in territorial politicians and bureaucrats than in a God, as a loving and caring father and protector for "his children". - JZ, 21.1.04. - According to some surveys done by organizations making charitable appeals, every day 30,000 to 40.000 children die from hunger, disease or abuse or are murdered outright. Probably even more are murdered every day by their parents, with medical assistance, before they are even born. I consider the latter mass murders of innocents to be even worse because they are not committed by strangers. The supposedly existing, all-powerful and loving “father” in “heaven” shines by his absence, in these cases, too. The charities argue that a dollar a day could assure for each of these kids survival, health and schooling. I say, that kids, at least above 5 or 6, if free, could easily come to earn more than a dollar a day, in return for one to a few hours of light labor. - Child labor is not evil in itself. But it must be quite free, self-chosen und unexploited and under public scrutiny. - Younger children, without parents or other guardians, should be considered credit-worthy, on a stable value basis, until they can repay their upbringing costs via free und unexploited labor. - JZ, 24.3.04. – The State makes itself ridiculous when it blocks child labor e.g. with their temporary lemonade stalls to make some pocket money. – J.Z., 13.8.12. - CHILD LABOR, GOD, CHILD LABOR UNDER FULL ECONOMIC FREEDOM, INCLUDING MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM.
TERRITORIALISM, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS: Territorial politicians and bureaucrats have been the "Bill Gates" for all public services. De-monopolize and privatize all these "services". Free competition for all the suppliers of such services and full consumer sovereignty in the choice or rejection of all of them. No monopoly for them at all, except those freely established among consenting adults, as voluntary beneficiaries or victims of their own preferred and self-chosen systems. - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.3.04, 22.10.11.
TERRITORIALISM, POWER, COERCION, FRONTIERS, BORDERS, PROPERTY RIGHTS, MORALITY: Territorialism is not based upon individual rights. It has no moral basis. It is based upon power, coercion and collectivist myths. - JZ, 30.11.99, 23.6.01.
TERRITORIALISM, SHEEP & WOLVES: A society of sheep must gradually produce its government by wolves. - de Jouvenel. - Territorial domination breeds sheep and wolves. - JZ 5.7.92. - Let the sheep opt out. - JZ, 5.7.92. - Let them hire dogs for their defence or grow horns and train in their defensive use. Wolves to be only free to eat each other or mice or rats etc. (According to a documentary that I once saw on TV, wolves live largely upon mice!) - JZ, 10.12.03.
TERRITORIALISM, SIZE, BIGNESS, DECENTRALIZATION: A small territory is not a good enough substitute for large-scale or wide-spread or widely used exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. - JZ, 3.4.99, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM, SOVEREIGNTY, IMPOSED HIERARCHIES, DEMOCRACIES, LIMITED GOVERNMENTS, DICTATORSHIPS: The inherent evils of statist, exclusive, coercive, hierarchical territorial sovereignty is just as much involved in limited, constitutional democratic or republican governments as in all territorially sovereign dictatorships and totalitarian States. - JZ 5.11.92.
TERRITORIALISM, STATISM & ABSOLUTIST GOVERNMENTS, ELITISM & ITS CONTEMPT FOR ORDINARY PEOPLE, POLITICIANS, POWER-MONGERS, POWER ADDICTS, LEADERS, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS: It may be said with strict accuracy, that the taste a man may share for absolute government bears an exact ratio to the contempt he may profess for his countrymen." - Alexis de Tocqueville, France Before the Revolution of 1789. - All territorial governments are full of contempt, at least towards their dissenters. Usually, they consider even their voters merely as voting cattle. - JZ, 5.4.89. – FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, SUBJECTS, CITIZENS, SERFS & SLAVES, NATIONALISM
TERRITORIALISM, TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY, NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY AND DISARMAMENT: It is, therefore, I submit, unreasonable to expect nations to disarm; for nations are armed because every one of them keeps for herself the right to decide what is to be done and to enforce her decisions to the limits of her power. How could they agree on the merely instrumental when they cannot agree on the essentials that keep them asunder and armed?" - Salvador de Madariaga, The Blowing up of the Parthenon, 73. - Firstly, nations are now not free to decide upon such questions. Only their top rulers are, and their advisors. And they do all too much agree upon significant aspects, like compulsory membership in States and their territorial rule and this keeps them at loggerheads with each other, because nations and States are not made up of identical robots. The fingerprints, their irises, their genetic code is different for each individuals - and so are their ideas, beliefs and knowledge. It was always absurd to try to force them to live in territorial uniformity, to force them into a common boiler, subject them to the same additives and spices and to block the safety valve of individual secession and competing exterritorially autonomous protective communities and stoke under them the fires that are inevitable when territorial nations are organized as armed camps, ready for war at any time, internally and externally, a threat to many of their own subjects and to those of other national territories. If we herded them to the same sport, church service, opera or concert, love-in or drug-in, march or demonstration, dance or excursion, forced them to wear the same clothing and eat the same meal, we could likewise achieve civil wars and national wars about these or at least supposedly stable dictatorships in these spheres. It is an absurd notion and a criminal, warmongering, despotic and idiotic practice! J. Z. 1.7.92, 6.1.93, 13.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM, TRIBAL LAND MONOPOLY CLAIMS: From: "Christian Butterbach" firstname.lastname@example.org To: "John Zube" email@example.com - Subject: Fwd: Betreten Verboten - Deni-Land. - 7 August 2003. - durch die staatliche Anerkennung der Grenzen? - Date: Wed, 6 Aug 2003 19:03:14 +0200 (CEST) From: Greenpeace newsletter firstname.lastname@example.org - To: email@example.com - Reply-To: Greenpeace newsletter firstname.lastname@example.org - Organization: Greenpeace newsletter, List: emailabo - List-Archive: http://genopoly.lu/cgi-bin/mojo/mojo.cgi?f=archive&l=emailabo - List-ID: 20030806190214 - List-Owner: email@example.com - List-Subscribe: http://genopoly.lu/cgi-bin/mojo/mojo.cgi?f=s&l=emailabo - List-URL: http://genopoly.lu/cgi-bin/mojo/mojo.cgi?l=emailabo - Presseerklaerung vom 6. August 2003: "Betreten Verboten - Deni-Land". - Greenpeace feiert mit Amazonas-Indianern die Sicherung ihres Stammesgebietes. - Amazonas/Luxemburg, 6. August 2003 - Die Kampagne der Umweltorganisation Greenpeace zum Schutz der letzten Urwaelder feiert heute einen grossen Erfolg: Den Deni-Indianern ist es endlich gelungen, dass ihr Stammesgebiet im Herzen des Amazonas-Regenwaldes auch als ihr Besitz anerkannt wird. Nach 18 Jahren sind die Grenzen ihres 15.000 Quadratkilometer grossen Territoriums markiert und erfasst. Durch die staatliche Anerkennung der Landesgrenzen wird das Indianerland nun vor den Abholzungen durch Holzfirmen besser geschuetzt. - Die Deni, ein nur 2.400 Personen zaehlendes Volk, leben abgeschieden und naturnah im Regenwald. [*] Vor vier Jahren hat ein internationales Greenpeace-Team, auch mit luxemburgischer Teilnahme, damit begonnen, die Deni bei der beschwerlichen Markierung ihres Landes zu unterstuetzen. Gemeinsam wurde ein Grenzstreifen von 53 Kilometern Laenge durch den dichten Dschungel geschlagen, zusaetzlich wurden 218 Kilometer entlang der angrenzenden Flussufer markiert. Entlang dieses Streifens stehen jetzt Schilder: "Betreten verboten - Deni Land". - "Der Kampf der Deni ist ein Beispiel fuer die Entschlossenheit indigener Voelker, ihren Lebensraum gegen industrielle Interessen und Umweltzerstoerung zu verteidigen", sagt Manuel Pinto, der in Luxemburg aufgewachsene Aktionskoordinator von Greenpeace in Amazonien: "Der Schutz des Gebietes ist auch ein grosser Erfolg fuer alle, die weltweit gegen die zunehmende Zerstoerung der letzten Urwaelder kaempfen". - Satellitenbilder vom brasilianischen Amazonas belegen die zunehmende Abholzung in weiten Teilen des Waldes. Zwischen August 2001 und August 2002 wurden etwa 25.500 Quadratkilometer Regenwald zerstoert - 40 Prozent mehr als im Vorjahr. Insgesamt ist in diesem Zeitraum eine Waldflaeche von der Groesse Belgiens verschwunden. - 1985 entschlossen sich die Deni, ihr Land vor unkontrolliertem Raubbau und Brandrodung zu schuetzen. Die staatlichen Auflagen zur Grenzmarkierung sind streng: von Land, Wasser und aus der Luft muessen die Grenzen eindeutig zu erkennen sein. Nur dann wird der Besitzanspruch der Deni anerkannt. Und die Zeit draengte: Ein Teil des Deni-Landes war ohne ihr Wissen von privater Hand verkauft worden. 1999 recherchierte Greenpeace zudem, dass der malaysische Holzgigant WTK beabsichtigte, 3.130 Quadratkilometer Wald im Amazonas zu erwerben, um dort Bauholz zu produzieren. Die Haelfte des zum Verkauf stehenden Landes befand sich im Deni-Territorium. Zum Schutz ihres Landes baten die Deni Greenpeace um Unterstuetzung. Greenpeace startete eine Kampagne gegen die Uebersee-Geschaefte von WTK. WTK trat schliesslich oeffentlich von seinen geplanten Investitionen im Amazonas zurueck. - Mit der Markierung ihres Landes haben die Deni nicht nur die offizielle - Anerkennung ihrer Landesgrenzen erreicht, sondern auch das Recht, Eindringlinge zu vertreiben - egal ob diese es auf Holz, Oel oder Gold abgesehen haben. Das unveraeusserliche Recht der Deni am Wald steht jetzt unter dem Schutz des Bundesstaates und kann gerichtlich eingefordert werden. - Weitere Informationen: http://webplaza.pt.lu/greenpea/urwald/deni.htm - [*] That comes to 6.25 sqkm per person. Will such large claims for tribal people have to be recognized indefinitely? - Compare the ideas and proposals of "open cooperatives" and the various proposals for land reforms. - If all remaining tribal people on Earth would get similar land monopoly claims recognized, how much land would be left for the rest of us? Australian Aborigines, although, by far, not constituting 14% of Australia's population, have already been allocated 14% of Australia's land surface. - The rights of the first comers and the right of the longest occupants of any part of this planet, are not unlimited. In one way or the other we ought to share this planet together. Which form would be best for this? State-wide official ownership, large private or collective ownership, open cooperatives or any other system? Panarchistic competition between different land tenure systems might find and develop the best system. All present ones have their flaws and limitations. - JZ, 19.9.11. - - - From: "John Zube" To: "Christian Butterbach" firstname.lastname@example.org - Subject: 030807 CB Re: Betreten Verboten - Deni-Land. - 7 August 2003. - Dear Christian, - does the solution of the environmental or any other problem really exist in the subdivision of the land-surface into tribal or national territories that are collectively owned and administered? - - Imagine all of the land in the world subdivided roughly into 150 x 100 km blocks, all owned by native tribes, nationals, religious, ideological groups. Would that be the solution to all of our remaining problems? - - What if the natives thought: We have a fortune here in our trees: Let us cut all of them down and sell them at the present high prices for timber - or let us contract out the felling and sale of them, with each of the few of us then living like a king from the sales proceeds? There are only 8 Deni per sqkm on "their" land. [Don't know how I arrived at that mistake. Rather, there are 6.25 sqkm per head of this small population! - JZ, 19.9.11.] They might also decide, collectively, that that each of the Deni should be free to sell, as his private property, 6.25 sqkm of the Deni land. - Or they might try to forever monopolize this land for the Deni only, like other territorial States try to do for "their" citizens. - - I can understand the interest of the Greens movement in this case, as a mere preservation matter for forests and as a stand against international corporations they dislike, which are also through bribery or legalized trickery trying to get something for almost nothing at the expense of other people, where individual or small group titles are not yet legally or constitutionally recognized. But where or what is the anarchist or libertarian principled position regarding such exclusive native claims? - - If there has been unoccupied land: Would then the first claimant be entitled to claim 10, 100 or 1000 sqkm exclusively for himself and his descendants, in perpetuity, against all later comers? - - If we recognized all tribal exclusive land claims for now, then we might have to recognize them for the past, too. Should all the late-comers to e.g. North and South America be evacuated in recognition of exclusive tribal land claims to North and South America? That would mean the deportation of all Negro people, too, of all Chinese and Japanese, West Indians, etc. - And where to should those of mixed blood be deported? In Mexico they form now a population of ca. 80 million, as I recently read somewhere. As large as that of the German Reich which Hitler claimed. - - Furthermore: The ancestors of the Red Indians and Eskimos may have been also invaders and foreign occupiers of these continents. The Aboriginals that survived may have been driven into Fireland or, like Eskimos, have become confined to snow and ice territories. Shall the few surviving Firelanders and Eskimos now be said to have an exclusive right to both continents ,because originally they were, erhaps, the first to occupy both? - - What about die "Voelkerwanderung"? Should we try to reverse it? - - Remember Genghis Khan, who destroyed cities and killed their people and who also murdered agriculturalists, because with houses and their plows - or hoes - they hurt "Mother Earth". Thus some leaders of nomads wanted to bring all of us back to the condition of nomadic animal herders. - He might also have encountered opposition by the remaining hunters, who might have wanted to bring all of us back to the hunting and food gathering stage of development. - - A similar motive induced the Reds in Cambodia to drive the city people into the jungles and mass-murdering them there. They wanted to green its capital, turning it back into largely uninhabited jungle. - - Are exclusive, large and collective land claims wrong when made by "whites" but right when made by Red Indians, Chinese, Negroes etc.? - Who owns, exclusively, cosmopolitan cities? The largest majority in each of them? Would it be entitled to throw out all others? Or its smallest minority, consisting perhaps of descendants of the Aboriginal population? - - What about the individual preferences of younger or more radical people within tribal area populations? What rights do they have against the tribal and traditional collectivism? - What if they came to constitute the majority? Would they then be entitled to expropriate and deport the local remaining traditionalist minority? - - Are there collective rights or only individual rights? - I know that out of racist, religious, rapacious or superiority complex motives many Brazilian natives, even in our times, have been expropriated, hunted, murdered or simply driven out of their traditional areas with legal immunity for these offenders or even protection for those who committed such crimes and I am, like you and other decent people quite opposed to such actions. But the establishment of a new territorial nation State or statist reservation for them is hardly the principled and ultimate solution. - Nor were or are Brazilian sovereignty claims over all the remaining Red Indians in Brazil rightful - - Go far enough back and all of the populated Earth was covered by such exclusive tribal areas. Should we really aim to get back to that state of affairs? - - Were the Red Indians in North America at peace with each other? Or, rather, mostly, in a condition of perpetual warfare, apart from the Iroquois Federation, some time before the white settlers came. They drove peaceful tribes, like the Hopi, into the desert areas. The Eskimos, too, were driven by other tribes into inhospitable areas which the warlike tribes did not fancy. In Europe the same was true for the Laplanders. - Look at historical charts of countries: Their borders were forever changing and rarely rightly so. - - For me the most promising approach to the land question is that of the "open cooperative" as proposed by Philip Buchez, later Theodor Hertzka and ,later still, Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, which would not exclude anyone from working and investing and utilizing any land, cooperatively with others and which would even give outsiders a vote on the utilization of land, and be it for the same reasons the Greenies have, who live in the neighborhood and would attend and vote in the general meeting of an agricultural, grazing, industrial or park or nature reserve cooperative. Such neighborhood coops, through open entry and decision-making power, would also determine the size limit for any local land cooperatively or individually used. - Hertzka described in two utopian books: Freeland and Travel to Freeland, how this could ultimately work, if generally realized. U. v. Beckerath. suggested it only for cooperatively purchased or leased land or lands donated to such organizations. - In this way all land reform proposals could become realized peacefully, competitively and tolerantly, by their believers, at the own expense and risk only. - Greenies often see man merely as a destroyer of trees. But when you fly e.g. over Los Angeles then you see there a large area, predominantly green, in the middle of a desert. Man is also a grower and caretaker of trees, of gardens and parks. - Even the Australian sheep and cattle graziers have finally learnt to leave sufficient trees standing or to plant strips of trees where formerly all were chopped down, sometimes even by order of the local councils. (Otherwise, the graziers or farmers could, for many years, not get freehold title.) - - The trouble with most of the remaining wild forest areas is that they are not properly and legally owned by individuals and their societies, just like the oceans, rivers and parks are not properly owned. - "Ownership" and "control" and "protection" by territorial governments is, obviously, not good enough. - Nor are recognized "reservations" or ghettos for native people the ultimate solution. - PIOT, John [Slightly revised now!] - - The much more numerous people of other small territories (*) might e.g. establish a research company to explore the life-forms in this area for their possible utilization for health preservation for their and other peoples, at least in form of cultured microbes, viruses and synthesized alternatives to the natural useful substances found there. They should also insist that e.g. anthropological and sociological research be allowed among such tribal native people. - Smaller but well-known areas that are much more intensely populated are e.g. Corsica, with 8,683 sqkm, Luxembourg with 2,586, London, 15580, Berlin, 890, Singapore 570, NY City, 3,200, Shanghai 5,000, Sardinia is not that much larger with 23,818 and Denmark not even three times as large with 43,000. How many States do now exist of a lesser size and a much larger population than Deni-land? One should clearly see this territorial monopoly claim in context. - Preserving it in its natural condition may be in the rational interest of smaller and larger other communities, most of them with a much larger population. - JZ, 19.9.11.
TERRITORIALISM, VOTING & ELECTIONS: A vote only for territorial politicians and bureaucrats is no free, rightful and equal vote. Only voting within exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers can be free and rightful and complete. But precisely among such like-minded people voting will rarely be required to arrive at for them acceptable decisions. - In this respect, under territorial rule, we are all still largely disfranchised - while suffering under the delusion that we do have the "free vote". - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.3.04.
TERRITORIALISM, WAR & PANARCHY, COSMOPOLITANISM: THE ALTERNATIVE: The link between territorialism and war was already clear to those who, in the past, put forward proposals for the abolition of war. The most ingenious solutions presented in history are: - Cosmopolis. The end of national territorialism and the surrender of territorial sovereignty to some overarching organization in order to grant peaceful world governance/administration (Freud, Malinowski, Einstein, H. G. Wells). - - Panarchy. The end of territorialism altogether and the re-appropriation by the individual of the power of association with and disassociation from any social or political entities, all equally devoid of territorial sovereignty (Paul-Emile De Puydt, John Zube). - These two solutions are not antithetic, as might appear at first sight and could be amalgamated assuming that we go beyond conventional or misleading interpretations of either of them. - Cosmopolis as world governance/administration should not be understood as centralization of all controlling power in one world super-state. This would be a totally unworkable proposition besides being a quite tyrannical one (as acknowledged already by Kant). Instead, it should be understood as a general framework of universal civic principles within which individuals and communities freely associate and interact. - - In other words, Cosmopolis should mean a world federation (network) of independent communities and individuals (nodes) in which the soundness, robustness and richness of each node is given by the plurality and quality of its connections and not by the size or brute force of its components. - - Panarchy as free choice by every human being to associate with or secede from any social or political entity, is certainly not to be understood, on the whole, as personal egotism or communitarian isolationism (or, even worse, narrow sectarianism and endemic factionalism). This would be the very opposite of what Panarchy advocates (i.e. universal political tolerance) and in stark contrast with a good deal of current reality characterized by an incredible and growing number of links and exchanges that connect each person with so many others. Instead, Panarchy is to be seen as the actuation, at last, of personal choice and personal responsibility in any field. This would mark the real beginning of the history of humanity, i.e. of universal free human beings, after so much history made of states, rulers, armies and wars. - - The two proposals are, then, not incompatible but can be integrated in a general proposition, a Cosmopolis of Panarchies promoting the broadest and deepest co-existentialism between autonomous individuals and independent communities throughout the world. - - And if or when divergences arise, they can be settled through forums for clarification and mechanisms of arbitration (as already happens for disputes between companies); or, in cases of outbursts of heated passions, through the temporary use of neutral forces of interposition and pacification (as has always happened when the contenders need time and assistance in order to come back to their senses). - - In short, as previously and repeatedly stressed, without the monopolistic and totalitarian control of a territory and of its inhabitants, no war (i.e. large scale - long term violence) is possible. - BELLIS, GIAN PIERO: Scenarios for the Future, 2006, http://www.butterbach.net/dimpress.htm http://www.panarchy.net/ - NATIONALISM, WORLD STATE OR FEDERATION, INTERNATIONAL, COSMOPOLITANISM, PANARCHY, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS, WAR & PEACE,
TERRITORIALISM, WAR & PEACE: To most of the exclusive, coercive territorialists it seems justified and sensible to use high explosives, machine guns, mortars, bombs, and rockets against each other and to arm themselves even with territorial mass murder devices like ABC "weapons", rather than seriously examine, discuss and realize exterritorial autonomy for all volunteer groups as an alternative. - JZ 16.10.92, 4.1.93.
TERRITORIALISM, WAR, & THE STATE: The hypothesis. - In the contemporary age characterized by Individuals vs. State conflicts, we can reformulate the problem of war and its origin in terms of: - gangs: groups of people with exclusive control over a certain territory - gates: the artificial borders of the controlled territory, - guns: the repressive means for controlling the territory, including the arms of state propaganda and school indoctrination, - grievances: the various objections and resentments of those who oppose the control of a territory by a certain gang. - Considering that most of the grievances that lead to open warfare consist, in the final instance, in territorial claims of exclusive sovereignty, the success of a gang/government in displacing and replacing another gang/government does not, as previously pointed out, cancel the likelihood of further grievances emerging at some later date, but only postpones it until a new organized and determined group arises with its own demands for exclusive control of some territory. - And then the cycle of violence and warfare is re-ignited once again. - This is exactly what has happened and is still happening in the course of history. - - In short, whatever way we deal with the problem of war, it seems that the crux of everything is the pretension by a tyrant (be it the majority as in a democracy or the minority as in an oligarchy) to lay exclusive claims to the control and exploitation of a territory and all its resources, people included. Gangs, gates and guns are there only because of territorialism, that is because of this absurd imposition of monopolistic territorial dominance. - - The hypothesis put forward here, and for which plenty of historical evidence can be brought to bear, is that territorialism is the core reason for the emergence of deep-seated grievances that lead to violent clashes and, in the final instance, to total protracted warfare once the social groups have reached a certain level of political structure and organizational weight. - - If this is true, it follows then that, if we accept territorialism as the everlasting way of social organization (namely, one territory - one boss) grievances amongst groups of individuals will always be with us. - - Supposed means for controlling the eruption of bloody, large scale conflicts might be: - The small ghetto: to go for completely homogeneous territorial groups (culturally, racially, politically, etc.) totally segregated one from the other (final aim: to love your small cell). - The big brother: to set up, in each territory, a highly effective propaganda apparatus, capable of making servitude and conformism highly desirable even to minority and alien groups (final aim: to love your big brother). This nightmarish future of apartheid and subjection on a world scale could perhaps reduce mass warfare to localized internal conflicts to be dealt with through more segregation and more manipulation. Otherwise, with the joint presence of territorialism and globalism, we have to accept that wars will always take place and that today's liberation struggle, intifada, guerrilla campaign, will be tomorrow's total war once a group has conquered/achieved a territorial base and a certain level of political and military force. - According to this hypothesis and on the basis of historical records, it will be so whatever the type of political system adopted, provided that the ideology of territorialism is shared by different groups and one harbours deep-seated grievances towards the other and a strong desire for autonomy. - In the past, some thinkers (for instance Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer) put forward the idea that the development of production and commerce (in other words, industrial capitalism) would make militarism and wars a thing of the past. However, when national capitalists allied themselves with the national rulers of their territorial states and started demanding protection and exclusive rights of exploitation and commerce over specific territories, wars became more rampant than ever. Some capitalists, through their press, even lent support to the imperialist myth that "trade follows the flag." - Later in history, some easily deluded intellectuals advanced the thesis that so-called socialist states don't fight against each other. The presence of soviet tanks in the streets of Budapest (1956) and Prague (1968) and the violent clashes between China and the USSR in Sinkiang (1969) put this other myth finally to rest. - In our times, other naïve intellectuals uphold the conviction that democracies (i.e. states with elected representation) don't wage wars between themselves. If this were true, the spread of democratic states would be a guarantee for the maintenance of peace. Unfortunately this is another myth that will equally be refuted by the course of events. - It is already clear that the only reason why (in the year 2006) the democratically elected representatives of Palestine and the democratically elected representatives of Israel don't start a full-scale war resides in the disequilibrium of forces and not in any supposed but actually non-existent moderation of their democratically elected representatives. As a matter of fact, territorial democratic states (e.g. Britain) have not been less war mongering than territorial authoritarian states (e.g. Spain under General Franco). - What restrains a territorial state from fighting a war is its weakness and not the form of its political structure. This means that, whenever confronted with an attack to its territorial sovereignty or animated by territorial aims or claims, any territorial state is ready to wage a war, provided the chances of success are good. - - "The popular opinion that democracies are much less belligerent than autocracies seems to be unwarranted by our data. In the 20th century the relative magnitude of the war activities of democratic England (measured by casualties) was higher than of Spain; of France higher than of Austria or Russia." (Pitirim Sorokin, Social and Cultural Dynamics, 1957) - - What is common to all these cases of war under so-called capitalism, socialism, democracy, is the presence of territorial state rulers convinced that it is their right to enforce their will on everybody living within a certain territory and eager to expand further their sovereignty or sphere of influence over other territories. This is called statism, which is the current ideological and organizational form of territorialism. - - The two main traits of statism are: Nationalism: waging war against social and political entities considered alien to a certain territory; Imperialism: waging war against social and political entities considered inferior in order to replace them in the administration of a certain territory. - - Historically, the territorial urge has fed a nationalism in which the strongest indigenous group has crushed the weaker ones. Nationalism has then begotten imperialism, in which the strongest states have subdued the weaker ones. All this has been carried out with the use of appealing slogans (the civilizing mission, the white man's burden) or supposedly compelling reasons (Lebensraum, a place in the sun). - - The same dynamic is still active, with some new protagonists, some new slogans (fight for democracy, war on terror) but with the same underlying aim: to control territories in order to control people in view of exerting total power. - - We always come back then to the problem of territorialism (tyranny over a territory) as the real source of war, once we have dropped a series of other alleged causes that do not withstand even a superficial critical examination. - Gian Piero de Bellis in his "Waiting for the bomb." - Appendix: Waiting for the Bomb? - Compare: Randolph Bourne, War is the health of the State (1919) - [English] - NATIONALISM, IMPERIALISM, WAR, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, NUCLEAR ARMS RACE, NUCLEAR "WEAPONS"
TERRITORIALISM, WRONG AND SELF-DEFEATING: Territorial aims, ways and means are wrong and self-defeating. But they are compulsorily kept alive by compulsory mis-education, compulsory membership and compulsory taxes and other monopoly powers, for the benefit of the few at the expense of the many. (*) Territorial peace settlements and territorial autonomy are contradictions in terms. At best they provide a temporary armistice. JZ, 15.6.92, 6.1.93. (*) Progressive taxation, though, does apply another “principle”: Much higher taxation for a few high income earners, supposedly for the benefit of the many, the voting cattle in Welfare & Warfare States. – JZ, 13.8.12
TERRITORIALISM: 170 million men, women, and children have been shot, beaten, tortured, knifed, burned, starved, frozen, crushed, or worked to death; buried alive, drowned, hung, bombed, or killed in any other of the myriad ways governments have inflicted death on unarmed, helpless citizens and foreigners.” – R. J. Rummel, Death by Government. - [During the 20th century] With some later figures added this number of victims was increased by him to over 200 million people. See his extensive web pages. – JZ – GOVERNMENTS, TOTALITARIANISM, DICTATORSHIP, TYRANNY, MASS MURDERS, ATROCITIES
TERRITORIALISM: 30, 36-38, 46, 66, 77, ON PANARCHY I, in PP 505.
TERRITORIALISM: a.) territorial rule, b.) imposed territorial constitutions, laws , jurisdictions, administrations (however few and anarchistic and informal these may be), c.) imposed uniformity (even if only the uniformity of an anarchist utopia), d.) compulsory State membership or subordination to a territorial State, (??? FRAGMENT MISSING!) e.) individual sovereignty, individual secessionism, personal law and exterritorial autonomy for societies and communities of volunteers remains suppressed. – Perhaps other aspects can and should be added from the definitions of panarchism. I leave that job, too, to others. – JZ, 4.2.12.
TERRITORIALISM: a state is a territorial society divided into government and subjects. ..." - A. E. Zimmern, quoted by David Nicholls in The Pluralist State, p. 149.
TERRITORIALISM: a symbol of anachronisms that are deadly dangerous in an era when men can blow up the world …" - Poul Anderson, The Byworlder, Gollancz, ISBN 0 575 01574 8, p.50. Date? (Cover page ripped off in my copy.) - ABC mass murder devices are aimed at territorial targets - at whole peoples, populations or nations, quite indiscriminately. Ancient popes might have used them against heretics or early Protestant leaders against Catholics - but would modern ones, who have learned to peacefully coexist? - JZ, 28.6.01. – NWT, RELIGIOUS LIBERTY & PEACE, WAR
TERRITORIALISM: A whole country or continent does not belong exclusively to any group of people or to its present territorial government or population, no matter how large that government or population or group or party or movement is, and no matter how well it is organized, however much it is shouting and how belligerent it is and however confidently, loudly, frequently, belligerently or oppressively it asserts its territorial land monopoly claim or “territorial integrity”. – JZ, 17.9.88, 26.7.08, 13.8.12. – PANARCHISM, LAND MONOPOLY, PROPERTY RIGHTS, REAL ESTATE PROPERTY VS. TERRITORIAL SOVEREIGNTY CLAIMS.
TERRITORIALISM: Above all, we should not forget, that government is, abstractly speaking, an evil, an usurpation upon the private judgment and individual conscious of mankind; and that, however we may be obliged to admit it as a necessary evil for the present, it behooves us, as the friends of reason and the human species, to admit as little of it as possible, and carefully to observe, whether in consequence of the gradual illumination of the human mind, that little may not hereafter be diminished.” - William Godwin (1756-1836), An Inquiry Concerning Political Justice and Its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness, 1793, Vol. 2, Bk. V, ch.1. - TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT, STATES, NATIONS, COUNTRIES
TERRITORIALISM: above this race of men stands an immense and tutelary power, which takes upon itself alone to secure their gratifications, and to watch over their fate. That power is absolute, minute, regular, provident, and mild. It would be like the authority of a parent, if, like that authority, its object was to prepare them for manhood; but it seeks, on the contrary, to keep them in perpetual childhood ...” - Alexis de Tocqueville - PATERNALISM, WELFARE STATE, BENEVOLENT DESPOTISM, STATE, GOVERNMENT, RULERS, PRESIDENTS, LEGISLATORS, POWER
TERRITORIALISM: Addiction to territorialism amounts, probably, to the worst threat to mankind, not only because of the nuclear war threat associated with it. – JZ, 9.11.97, 16.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: After having thus successively taken each member of the community in its powerful grasp and fashioned him at will, the supreme power then extends its arm over the whole community. It covers the surface of society with a network of small, complicated rules, minute and uniform, through which the most original minds and the most energetic characters cannot penetrate, to rise above the crowd. The will of man is not shattered, but softened, bent, and guided; men [are? – JZ] seldom forced by it to act, but they are constantly restrained from acting. Such a power does not destroy, but it prevents existence; it does not tyrannize, but it compresses, enervates, extinguishes, and stupefies a people, till each nation is reduced to nothing better than a flock of timid and industrious animals, of which the government is the shepherd." - Alexis de Tocqueville - TERRITORIAL & CENTRALIZED GOVERNMENTS, LAWS, RESTRICTIONS, CONTROLS
TERRITORIALISM: All countries and their territorial States are, inevitably, and to a large extent, failures because as territorial organizations they cannot really represent all of their people. Thus as territorial countries, as States with geopolitical borders, they should all disappear. But whatever is essential, from a human point of view, in any country, all their voluntary societies, communities and associations should remain, free and active, exterritorially autonomous and distinct, under their own personal laws, without any territorial monopoly, country-wide, continent-wide or even world-wide, as long as they do have any volunteers, anywhere. – JZ, 14.9.08. - COUNTRIES, STATES, PANARCHIES, STATISM
TERRITORIALISM: All humanity could share a common insanity and be immersed in a common illusion while living in a common chaos.” – Isaac Asimov, Foundation’s Edge, 337. – Has anybody expressed it better? Alas, even Asimov, to my knowledge, did not apply this criticism to territorialism. – JZ, 9.1.99. Neither did he apply it to monetary despotism or the employer-employee relationship. - JZ, 8.12.03.
TERRITORIALISM: All of political history can be summed up as a struggle to throw the bad guys out and put the good guys in.” – John A Pugsley, introduction to "None of the Above". - - Alas, the supposedly good or better guys often turn out even worse than the previous ones, at least as far as their taxing and spending habits are concerned. Individuals and voluntary groups must become free to choose between bad and good guys, bad and good systems and institutions, principles, laws, constitutions etc. but only for themselves and no longer for others, as they are now free to do and even encouraged to do under territorialism. - JZ, 25. 11. 06, 13.8.12. - TERRITORIAL POLITICS LEAVES ALMOST ONLY THE FOLLOWING ALTERNATIVE
TERRITORIALISM: All present territorialist powers to become confined to their voluntary subjects. But they are also to become free to accept as full members any volunteers from all other territories, while these members stay in their chosen territories. All others to enjoy diplomatic immunity within the former exclusive and enforced State territories, or exterritorial autonomy for themselves, within their own and individually self-chosen systems and communities or free experimental societies, wherever they may live and work, either within the frontiers of the former territorial States or within a number of other countries even or world-wide. - With this program, as a common platform, all dissenters and minorities in the world could come to unite, effectively, to overcome all the territorial powers in all their continuing attempts to dominate, exploit, suppress or murder dissenters and minorities in what they claim to be their exclusive territories, misnamed their “territorial integrity”. There is no integrity involved in ruling over peaceful dissenters and minority members without their consent. - JZ, 04-11.
TERRITORIALISM: All territorialist monopoly claims are, to their extent, totalitarian claims, even when they do claim such a monopoly only for a democracy or a republic or an anarchist society or community, for the benefit of any kind of minority or majority. – JZ, 13.10.93, 19.7.08. – TOTALITARIANISM, DEMOCRACIES, REPUBLICS
TERRITORIALISM: All we need to do is remove from individual administrators everywhere, whether elected or appointed, all formal authority to make decisions binding upon others. … With hierarchy removed, other changes logically would follow.” - Frederick C. Thayer, An End to Hierarchy! An End to Competition! Organizing the Politics and Economics of Survival. – New Viewpoints, N.Y. 1973, p.179/180. – It seems to me that he did not realize the genuinely free competition and its benefits that would follow in the absence of territorial and nationalistic hierarchies. Generally, he seems to favor decentralization, but only of the geographical kind. – However, with his opposition to what he terms “competition” he may have meant only what he calls, also on p.179: “Whatever the community-building activities of nation-states, their principal undertakings involve competition with other nation-states for territory, markets, “power”, and “influence”, the typical win-lose confrontation which leads to wars.” – That “competition” is what I would rather call “territorialism” or territorial monopolism, the struggle for exclusive power, domination and exploitation of whole territories and their population, which has little to do with competition and much with power, monopolization and victimizing involuntary victims. Individuals and minorities are not free to secede from it and to exterritorially compete with it. - JZ, 26.3.09. – DECENTRALIZATION, COMPETITION, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, POWER, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, HIERARCHIES
TERRITORIALISM: At first is was very strange to our earthly minds that there should be nowhere a pretended omniscience and a practical omnipotence, that is to say a sovereign thing, a person or an assembly whose fiat was final.” – H. G. Wells, Men Like Goods, p.197 of the first paperback issue, 1922, 1970, p.204. – Government - a pretended omniscient, omnipotent and omni-benevolent corporation or “God”. – JZ, 7.4.96. - GOVERNMENT, RULERS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, PREMIERS, LEGISLATORS, PARLIAMENTS
TERRITORIALISM: Australia does not belong exclusively to Australians or to the Australian governments, no matter how strong and widespread that belief its. – JZ, 16.10.93.
TERRITORIALISM: badgers, for example, have large territories that overlap, while mink have much smaller territories that are fiercely defended.” – Jeremy Chenas? Chersas? THE AUSTRALIAN, 7.7.87, first in NEW SCIENTIST, London. – Animals have the excuse that for them an exclusive territory as their food gathering and hunting ground is a matter or survival. But people, being productive animals, increase their standard of living by greater population density. If they understood this sufficiently, they would do away with immigration barriers and all other barriers to rights and liberties. – JZ, 26.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Because they do not know any better, victims of the government’s “educational” policies and propaganda, they can be made to pay, obey and fight for exclusive territorial powers of their governments, their leaders or misleaders, under which they are, as usual, lied to, cheated, robbed and oppressed, just like they would be by an enemy government and they will consider that to be honorable patriotism!. – JZ, 2.3.95, 18.7.08. - TAXATION, WAR AIMS, NATIONALISM, WARFARE STATE, DICTATORSHIPS, MONOPOLIES, PEOPLE, ENLIGHTENMENT, PREJUDICES, PUBLIC OPINION
TERRITORIALISM: Both are paralysed by costly and sterile geopolitical war games." - Samuel Pisar, "Of Blood & Hope", p. 299. - I would rather say or add: "sterilizing", seeing the radiation effects of ABC mass murder devices. - JZ, 4.7.89.
TERRITORIALISM: By the state of Israel they would 'Germanize' the Jewish people and create the ideal conditions for his physical extermination. For a people reassembled and concentrated in a little territory is a thousand times more vulnerable than if it were dispersed all over the earth, especially in a nuclear conflict. A little lost H-bomb, falling on the territory of the state of Israel would accomplish the project of Hitler and the Nazis. ... Today when all the world is becoming Nazi, when all nations are becoming capable of genocide with their nuclear war preparations ...” - – Emmanuel Levine, 18 rue A. Cherioux, Issy-les-Moulineaux, Seine, France. – Quoted from address in EQUALITY, publisher: R. Fichte, 1261, Arzier, Switzerland, in issue No.1, May 65. - Instead of "Germanizing" I would rather speak of "Nazifying" people. Collective responsibility notions are, mostly, wrongly applied. - JZ, 19.11.02. – Even those, who were formally Nazis, as their party members, were often conscripted into it. The directors of departments did, sometimes, sign up all of their staff members as members of the NSDAP, without their consent. Afterwards none of them dared to openly protest against this. The first 300,000 inmates of the concentration camps were well known opponents of the Nazis. Already the Weimar Republic had seen to it that most of the democratic and republican people were disarmed, while totalitarians like Nazis and Communists armed themselves illegally. (*) – JZ, 14.4.09. - Levine claimed to have coined the slogan: “Make love, not war!” (**) I have not heard of him or R. Fichte in decades and presume both of them to be dead or inactive. – JZ, 26.7.08. – (*) Neither of these criminal gangs were effectively disarmed by the Weimar government, no more so, than ordinary criminals were. Territorial governments are much more effective in disarming victims than in disarming criminals. – JZ, 4.2.12. - (**) For me it is an example how one slogan, even if still somewhat flawed in its premise and conclusion, can, nevertheless, “conquer” the world. – JZ, 11.10.08, 13.8.12. - NUCLEAR STRENGTH OF ISRAEL, DIASPORAS FOR EVERYBODY – BUT WITH FULL EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL THE DIVERSE COMMUNITIES & SOCIETIES OF VOLUNTEERS! NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, GENOCIDE, NAZISM, GERMANY, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, EMBODIED IN ABC MASS MURDER DEVICES
TERRITORIALISM: By trying to please everybody one ends by pleasing no one.” - Alfred Bester, Deceivers, p.217. - The diverse panarchies for different kinds communities of volunteers, that panarchism would introduce, have the potential to please almost everybody, at least for a time, until they have lost some of their self-delusions. – And then they are free to choose better communities ones for themselves. – - JZ, 19.6.07. - GOVERNMENTS, PLEASING EVERYBODY, DEMOCRACY, LAWS, LEGISLATION, COMPROMISES, MIDDLE WAY, REPRESENTATION, POLITICS, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Check your territorial premises! - JZ, 25.11.01. - PREMISES
TERRITORIALISM: Coercive and monopolistic territorialism is the foundation for war, civil war, revolutions, terrorism, injustice, despotism and poverty. – JZ, 18.7.95.
TERRITORIALISM: Cuius regio eius religio.” - Formula of the religious peace treaty of Augsburg of 1555, according to FAZ, 27.10.86. - What would be the correct Latin version for the reverse? To each only the government or community of his faith, ideology, race, culture or other preferred distinction - rather than the imposition of the religion or ideology of a king or parliament or other despot upon all subjects in a territory? Laissez - Faire in Politics, Economics and Social Arrangements. Voluntarism in all non-interventionist actions. Even the plain terms: self-government and self-determination have been collectively misunderstood, as if the "people" or the majority could ever constitute a self or an organic and uniform entity. And the concepts "nations", "people", "minorities", "democracies" and "republics" as well as "anarchies" and "limited governments" have been wrongfully and unnecessarily tied to certain territories. - JZ, 2.2.02. - RELIGIOUS DESPOTISM, INTOLERANCE, EXTERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE
TERRITORIALISM: Democracy is the recurrent suspicion that more than half of the people are right more than half of the time.” – E. B. White, 1899-1985, in New Yorker, 3 July 1944. - Territorial democracies should be distinguished from personal law democracies for volunteers, which are, as such, largely, like-minded on public affairs. Only with them would a genuine democratic self-government begin, that deserves the name. Both, representative democracies and direct democracies are, largely, as territorial regimes, based on dangerous fictions. – A better definition of democracy states that it is a system that fully respects the rights of peaceful minorities. – JZ, 9.9.07, 23.3.11. - & DEMOCRACY, REPRESENTATION, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRACY
TERRITORIALISM: Democracy is tyranny over the lowest [lower? – J.Z.] number - but it is tyranny still. – JZ, free after Herbert Spencer in "Social Statics", chapter IXX. - DEMOCRACY, MAJORITIES, TYRANNY
TERRITORIALISM: democratic’ political theory has from the beginning been designed only to preserve and reinforce hierarchical organizational arrangements in society as a whole.” - Frederick C. Thayer, An End to Hierarchy! An End to Competition! Organizing the Politics and Economics of Survival. – New Viewpoints, N.Y., 1973, p.58. – HIERARCHY, NATIONALISM, INTOLERANCE, DEMOCRACY, POLITICAL SCIENCE?
TERRITORIALISM: describes the international situation as a case of the irresistibly evil force colliding with the immovably stupid object." - Poul Anderson, "Past Times", 21.
TERRITORIALISM: Do more than eliminate taxes and conscription. Avoid creating the authority capable of imposing them.” - L. Neil Smith, A Matter of Certainty, Brad Linaweaver & Edward E. Kramer, editors, Free Space, Tom Doherty Associates Book, New York, www.tor.com, 1998, p.277. - GOVERNMENTS, TAXATION, CONSCRIPTION
TERRITORIALISM: Don't let your minds, actions and lives be imprisoned, chained – or otherwise wrongly limited by Territorialism. - JZ, 21.1.99, 23.3.11, 4.2.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Due to the present territorial borders, birds, flies and mosquitoes, germs and floating seeds, do enjoy more natural freedom of movement than man has. - JZ, 21.1.99, 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM: Earlier, I compared companies and countries, and there is a lot to that comparison. But there is one way in which countries will never be like companies. Companies can rise, fail, fall and disappear. Countries can rise, fail and fall – but they rarely disappear. Instead, they stick around as failed states.” –Thomas Friedman, in The Lexus and the Olive Tree, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0 00 655139 4, p.416. – Panarchies will freely succeed or fail, like private companies, depending upon their own merits or defects and how fast these are recognized by their members, managers, customers and investors. Their voluntarism and their voluntary contribution systems will serve them as their pricing system. – JZ, 14.4.09. – Naturally, reduced or increased subscription rates and reduced or increased quality of wanted services, would also help sound decision-making. – JZ, 13.8.12 - PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM
TERRITORIALISM: Earth's politics became an irrational beast, lunging out of control, …” - Joe Haldeman, Worlds Enough and Time, p.119. - POLITICS
TERRITORIALISM: Ethnic cleansing’ - it goes on and on through the ages. Violence leading to violence, the world infected by territorial greed.” - Hammond Innes, Delta Connection, p.218. – Is it greed or power- addiction or a bit of both, mixed-in with a lot of popular errors and prejudices? – J.Z., 13.8.12. - MASS MURDERS & "ETHNIC CLEANSING"
TERRITORIALISM: Even among territorial States there are significant differences. Any Catholic, Protestant, Islamic, Buddhist or other religious organization dominating a country makes it very different from one in which there exists at least full religious tolerance and freedom. And a country in which at least some markets are already somewhat free is very different from one in which e.g. State socialism predominates – JZ, 10.10.97, 13.7.98, 23.3.11. – But the greatest difference would be that between territorial States and those States, governments, societies and communities that are all formed by volunteers only, with none of them possessing any territorial monopoly – but all being exterritorially quite autonomous under their own personal laws. – JZ, 16.7.08. – DEMOCRACIES, STATES
TERRITORIALISM: even here the Constitution has proved to be an instrument for ratifying the expansion of State power rather than the opposite. As Calhoun saw, any written limits that leave it to government to interpret its on powers are bound to be interpreted as sanctions for expanding and not binding those powers. In a profound sense, the idea of binding down power with the chains of a written constitution has proved to be a noble experiment that failed. The idea of a strictly limited government has proved to be utopian; some other, more radical means must be found to prevent the growth of the aggressive State. The libertarian system would meet this problem by scrapping the entire notion of creating a government – an institution with a coercive monopoly of force over a given territory – and then hoping to find ways to keep that government from expanding. The libertarian alternative is to abstain from such a monopoly government to begin with.” - Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, revised edition, p.67, Collier Books, 1978, ISBN 0-02-074690-3. - Individual and group secessionism was missing, in combination with exterritorially autonomous communities, an ideal declaration of all individual rights and liberties, protected by an ideal militia of volunteers with no other purpose and organized and run by itself, quite in accordance with such a code. – All too few have so far fully realized that as yet. And they do not know sufficiently of each other! - JZ, 16.9.08, 23.3.11. - CONSTITUTIONALISM, GOVERNMENT, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUALISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIAL STATES
TERRITORIALISM: Every decent man is ashamed of the government he lives under.” - H. L. Mencken. – Mostly he would have no reason to be ashamed of the government or society that he has freely and individually chosen for himself. If later he thinks that his choice was wrong, he would not be ashamed of that government but only of his own individual choice, lack of judgment, knowledge or discretion. – But, he could say: We live and learn and will never make that mistake again. – JZ, 5.1.08. - & GOVERNMENTS, DIS., VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Every territorial government means tyranny towards dissenters and leads thus to terrorism, civil and national wars, bloody revolutions and dictatorships. - JZ, 24.3.04.
TERRITORIALISM: Every territorial politics that goes beyond a certain privacy and private property sphere, amounts to a totalitarian and imperial policy of conquest or usurpation and oppression. - JZ 19.4.89, 12.1.93.
TERRITORIALISM: Every territorial State, every parliament, democracy and party system is “A house divided against itself”. – JZ, 20.8.08. - PARTIES, PARLIAMENTS, DEMOCRACY, STATES, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, MONOPOLISM
TERRITORIALISM: Everybody claiming exclusive rights to a “national territory” does, thereby, declare war against all the rest of mankind. – JZ, 11.2.73, 26.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Everything we do (*) or seek is a manifestation or an extension of this universal strife to attain power and hold on to it. No wonder all states of the contemporary world profess and practise the indiscriminate use of force – coercion and tyranny within their own borders and military power in their dealings with other nations – with no regard for law or human rights.” - Kevork Ajemian, The Fallacy of Modern Politics, Books International, PO Box 6096, McLean, Virginia 22106, 1986, Tel. (703) 821-8900, p.198. – (*) ? They do! – JZ - TERRITORIAL POWER URGE & POLITICIANS
TERRITORIALISM: Exclusive and coercive territorial ownership claims cause the main troubles of conventional politics: Wars, oppression, revolutions, poverty, civil wars, terrorism, poverty, bureaucracy, taxation, party strife, corruption. Panarchies or exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers could prevent most of these evils or reduce them to a minimum, within and between their experimental communities. It would enable everyone to get for himself, and as long as he can stand it, the ideal government or non-governmental society of his dreams. - JZ, 1.8.99, 28.6.01.
TERRITORIALISM: Exclusive and territorial government does not release and protect the best in man – but, rather, the worst! – JZ, 3.6.82, 13.8.12, in a comment to Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.378.
TERRITORIALISM: Exclusive territorial claims by any group are never quite right but always essentially and mainly wrong. – JZ 15.11.95. – Genuine self-government is only meant for volunteers, not for the all too diverse and often antagonistic groups in the populations of whole territories. – JZ, 15.11.95, 18.7.08, 23.3.11. – SELF-GOVERNMENT, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY
TERRITORIALISM: For the libertarian, no government has a just claim to any property or “sovereignty” rights in a given territorial area. … No State has any legitimate property; all of its territory is the result of some kind of aggression and violent conquest.” - Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, revised edition, p.268, Collier Books, 1978, ISBN 0-02-074690-3. - STATE, PROPERTY, SOVEREIGNTY
TERRITORIALISM: General territorial agreement would only have to be achieved on a few subjects, as e.g. on driving on the left or on the right side of the road. (Only enemies of cars would propose: Drive on both, to slow the "bastards" down or to kill them. Even bicycle riders of common sense would agree on such a road rule.) Another aspect is quarantine against epidemic, i.e. infectious disease and against the spread of fauna or flora that would threaten the local one. - I haven't found any other examples as yet. - JZ, 5.10.04, in correspondence with GPdB.
TERRITORIALISM: Government differs, however, in that there is little choice. Taxes are taken whether programs are supported or successful or not. These may be evaluated by elections (*) but the more function the state performs, the more difficult the evaluation. Thus the free society with only one state function – the regulation of coercion – is better planned than societies with active governments. Moreover, as goals in each area can conflict with each other, the active government often works at cross-purposes with itself as different elites have different power in different governmental sectors. This confusion not only adds to inefficiency but it finally makes the government impossible to evaluate. A market however, allows each unit to seek its own end in concert (**) with others. In this type of social situation (***) what is gained by one is not done so at the expense of another. (33) - Donald J. Devine, Does Freedom Work? Caroline House Books, Green Hills Publishers, 1978, 46/47. - (33) Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, New York, The Modern Library, 1937; from the original 1776 version, Bk. IV, ch. II, p.432. (****) - - (*) not by individual and group secessionism - - (**) in peaceful coexistence - - (***) exterritorial autonomy at the own expense and risk - - (****) A free market for governmental and societal services, practised among a majority of statists, will permit, for a considerable time, the voluntary statists to continue to do their own things to themselves, regardless of how inefficient and contradictory they may be, objectively considered. On a free market for consumer goods and services not all people do always buy only those of the best quality or really necessary ones. Statists should have that liberty, too, among themselves, but without having the territorial power to drag all down to their level and their kind of State socialist utopia or Welfare State. – Depending on the degree of their remaining ignorance and prejudices, they may, like religions, churches and sects, persist for a long time, even when exposed to the free competition for members from atheists, rationalists, deists, humanists etc. - JZ, 26.9.07, 4.2.12. - GOVERNMENTS & INDIVIDUAL CHOICE, LIMITED VS. UNLIMITED GOVERNMENTS, TAXATION, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Government is not reason, it is not eloquence – it is force. Like fire it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master; never for a moment should it be left to irresponsible action.” - George Washington, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. - All territorial governments act inevitably irresponsible to all peaceful and dissenting minorities. – We should no longer grant them any territorial powers, not even for a moment. – JZ, 8.1.08. - TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS
TERRITORIALISM: Government is the assumption of authority over a given area and all within it, exercised generally for the double purpose of more complete oppression of its subjects and extension of its boundaries.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, Instead of a Book.
TERRITORIALISM: Government is, at every level, a means to gather in the labor and wealth of the people, and then instruct the people about new restrictions or monitoring of their lives.” – Jeff Baxter - TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT, BY ITS VERY NATURE, AMOUNTS INEVITABLY TO MISGOVERNMENT OF ALL TOO MANY INVOLUNTARY SUBJECTS
TERRITORIALISM: Harmony through territorially enforced uniformity and equality before “the” law – is the commonly believed-in utopia, which is an unrealizable fantasy - for as diverse critters as human beings are. We have already largely learned to leave each other alone in our private lives, in our diverse hobbies, crafts, sports, reading, watching, listening, traveling and amusement and entertainment activities, our betting, gambling, conventional drug taking (alcohol, tobacco), religious affiliations, fashions, etc., etc. - but not yet in the political, economic and social system spheres which are still territorially monopolized by territorial governments and our supposed “representatives”. Extending individual choices into these spheres, will tend to harmonize our lives very extensively, just like tolerance for private activities does. Why should I care if you apply your communism, your racism, your totalitarianism, your utopia - only among your true believers, at your and their expense and risk? It would add to my amusement and entertainment options, just like the activities of clowns, acrobats, jokers and humorists, provide e.g. additional spectacles and deterrent examples or cause some healthy laughter. – Or why should you care if I did some foolish or silly or absurd things – only at my expense and risk? – Then all of us could also benefit from the examples freely set by the most enlightened people among us. - JZ, 26.8.81, 26.7.08. – HARMONY, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE
TERRITORIALISM: He that grips too much holds fast to too little.” – Ascribed to Rabelais. - CENTRALIZATION, POWER
TERRITORIALISM: Heresy-hunting is, of course, one manifestation of tribal animosity; and a heretic is the person who has the insufferable impudence to disagree with us.” - Norman Angell, Human Nature and the Peace Problem, 1925, p.74. – INTOLERANCE TOWARDS DISSENTERS, HERETICS, OTHER IDEOLOGIES ETC.
TERRITORIALISM: History shows that the large majority of people are not really interested in power over others (the multitude) but just want to carry on with their life and business in the most free and pleasurable way. - At the same time there is a persistent, relatively small, minority fixated on achieving power over the multitude. - In order to succeed in their objective, the individuals belonging to these power-hungry minorities have to perform an incredible feat of acrobatic reasoning that is remarkable both for its patent absurdity and concealed viciousness. Clearly, they are able and willing to do this as long as the large multitude of people, whom they address, do continue to be forgetful and simpleminded, as the case has been and still is. - Only in the presence of this naivety and absentmindedness can the person who wants to rule the masses succeed in convincing a majority of people that: first, they need protection because people left to themselves are, by nature, vicious and violent or, at least, totally and utterly selfish; - second, that he, (i.e. the aspiring representative of the people), is an exception to this rule, being the good guy in town, heroically generous and primarily dedicated to promoting everybody's well-being, capable of solving every problem and especially keen on redressing every wrong; - third, that the elector (i.e. the person whom he asks for support or, in other terms, for the vote) is not a villain like the others (i.e. the members and supporters of the opposing party), who are always intent on profiteering from everything and putting at risk the life and livelihood of honest people. - In reality: 1. There is no such pressing and overwhelming need for security and social protection because most people (outside the state entourage) are not aggressive, egotistic and inconsiderate, otherwise they would attack him (the hopeful ruler) and certainly would not entrust him with power (representation) and money (taxation); - 2. There is not much hope that the elected person would be any better (or any different) than those who have elected him and so there is no rationale for giving him the power to decide for everybody on important matters; - 3. There is no need, in particular, for professional protectors to whom monopolistic and unfettered power should be given, because this is the most likely situation that would make a scoundrel even out of an honest person. - - "Il est, en effet, difficile de concevoir comment des hommes qui ont entièrement renoncé à l'habitude de se diriger eux-mêmes pourraient réussir à bien choisir ceux qui doivent les conduire; et l'on ne fera point croire qu'un gouvernement libéral, énergique et sage, puisse jamais sortir des suffrages d'un peuple de serviteurs." (Alexis de Tocqueville, De la Démocratie en Amérique, vol II, 1840) - "It is, indeed, quite difficult to conceive how individuals who have totally renounced the habit of taking autonomous decisions could succeed in selecting well those who are to lead them; and it is impossible to believe that a liberal, active and wise government could ever come out of the suffrage of a population of servants." (Alexis de Tocqueville, De la Démocratie en Amérique, vol II, 1840) - "This is to think that men are so foolish that they take care to avoid what mischiefs may be done them by polecats or foxes, but are content, nay, think it safety, to be devoured by lions." (John Locke, Concerning Civil Government, Second Essay, 1690) - - If people are generally aggressive and vicious, the social scientists should explain why somebody elected (and so endowed with power) should be less aggressive and vicious than the rest, especially considering that the elected person has been chosen by a majority of supposedly aggressive and vicious people; on the other hand, if people, or the majority of them, are basically good and affable, the same social scientists should explain why they need a vast bureaucratic and policing apparatus of regulation, control and repression. - - "Nor do I know, if men are like sheep, why they need any government; or if they are like wolves, how can they suffer it." (Sir William Temple, An essay upon the origin and nature of government, 1751) - These are the mysteries of the immaculate castration performed by the state (through school manipulation and police oppression) with respect to the mental capacities and physical energies of the whole of the common people. - Whatever the case, with a master stroke of appalling shamelessness, the actual and the aspiring rulers, while harping on the vicious and dangerous aspects of human nature unregulated (implicitly meaning, unregulated by them), use the traits of human nature previously listed (which they pretend do not exist), to their own advantage. - And so, the very features that could make for a good civil society are employed to work for the setting up of an irresponsible totalitarian power, for the benefit of the ruling elite. The voluntary servitude of the human being is then built on the manipulation, by some, of those very malleable features that could be so appropriate to a free (self-regulated) social life. - Through successful manipulation: the compliant and convivial human being becomes the obedient and gregarious state subject; the helpful and caring human being becomes the usable and exploitable worker/soldier/citizen/taxpayer or whatever else suits the state leaders; the empathic and compassionate human being becomes the impressionable and pliable dupe of every possible pietistic or frightening con produced and circulated by the state rulers and their high priests and servile accomplices, the social scientists. - - "A substantial proportion of people do what they are told to do, irrespective of the content of the act and without limitations of conscience, so long as they perceive that the command comes from a legitimate authority." - - "Ordinary people, simply doing their jobs, and without any particular hostility on their part, can become agents in a terrible destructive process. Moreover, even when the destructive effects of their work becomes patently clear, and they are asked to carry out actions incompatible with fundamental standards of morality, relatively few people have the resources needed to resist authority." (Stanley Milgram, Obedience to Authority, 1974) - - This might be all very well for the state and the state rulers while the state lasts and while the con works; but in the long run, as the collapse of the Soviet Empire has already shown, a society made of a relatively few absolute scoundrels and many obtuse gullible morons is likely to produce, sooner or later, a very perverse social dynamic. - There is no solution in view or way out of the decadence unless the ideology that has produced this situation (statism) and the organization that gains from this situation (the state) are disposed of in the scrap-yard of history. If this is not done, the individuals and groups concerned are likely to undergo a long period of physical and mental degeneration that could lead to various types of collapse (moral, ecological, organizational). - Gian Piero de Bellis in: Scenarios for the Future. Scenarios for the Future - STATISM, COLLAPSE, THOUGHTLESS CONFORMISM, OBEDIENCE, DISOBEDIENCE, GOVERNMENTALISM, PROPAGANDA, PREJUDICES, FALLACIES, POWER, HUMAN NATURE, MAN, VOTING, DEMOCRACY, DIS.,
TERRITORIALISM: How many alternatives are there to the by now ca. 200 territorial States in the World? An unlimited number of exterritorially autonomous governments and non-governmental societies, as many as diverse individuals desire for themselves. Are these alternatives systematically explored by our "political scientists"? Not that I know of, in spite of numerous precedents for them in our past and in our contemporary experiences. - JZ, 7.10.99. – Q.
TERRITORIALISM: How many hundreds of millions of soldiers and civilians have died in wars and revolutions, all under the tacit and largely unquestioned assumption that territorial political organization is the only possible and the best possible form, and that it would assure them security and prosperity rather than recurring wars, oppression and impoverishment? - JZ, 5.2.93. – Q.
TERRITORIALISM: However, if we assume a moral obligation to force other people, with whom we have little or no contact, to behave the way we think they should, we can destroy the freedom they and we have. Any political system, that allows us to tell others what they should do with their lives, can be used by others to restrict what we do with our lives. …” - Richard B. McKenzie, Bound to Be Free, Hoover Institute Press, 1982, p.67. – Alas, he interpreted this only within the all too limited framework of territorial limited governments. – JZ, 6.10.07. - ONE LAW, ONE SET OF INSTITUTIONS FOR ALL, COLLECTIVISM, CENTRALIZATION, MORAL OBLIGATIONS, DUTY, VOTING
TERRITORIALISM: human history is the resultant of the conflict between the forces of good and evil. (*) The evil is made up of the will to power in man (**), expressed in the coercion or domination of man by man. (***) And the good consists in the renunciation of that will and the consequent enlargement of the ability to love.” (****) – R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p. 187 - - (*) Alas, both territorially organized and thus not freely competitive and peacefully coexisting but, rather, afraid of each other, and forever struggling with each other, with neither of them permanently in the position to do the own things among themselves, as long as they have any volunteers, and neither of them under the threat of becoming territorially outvoted or conquered and despotically ruled by other parties, systems and their ideologies. - - (**) Not self-government power but territorial power over dissenters. Territorialism leaves people no other option, if they wish to achieve self-government. Rule over others is the “collateral damage” of this system and its associated power-urge. - - (***) The territorialist sees only the choice between becoming an anvil or a hammer. - - (****) Rather, in being just and tolerant to others, who peacefully do their own and different things only among their own volunteers. One does not have to love them or their actions or their systems and beliefs but, as long as they apply them tolerantly among themselves, one should think and act quite tolerantly towards them. – We should, finally, attempt to properly define what is objectively good or evil for beings like human beings, by thoroughly discussing and drafting a complete and clear declaration of all individual rights and liberties. The old distinctions between “good” and “evil” are no longer informative and enlightening enough. Nor are any of the bills of rights declared by territorial governments. - JZ, 26.7.08, 14.8.12. – DIS., GOOD, EVIL, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES
TERRITORIALISM: Human society is based on the lowest common denominator.” - L. E. Modesitt, Gravity Dreams, Orbit, London, 1999, p.80. – - What is true for territorial States, it is not necessarily true for exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers. While many of them, will, indeed, be based upon their particular lowest common denominator, others will have then have the chance to become based upon the best truths, facts, experiences, wisdom, principles and ideas which their members have so far found and want to apply among themselves. These pioneers will then no longer be held back by the ignorance of prejudices of all the people in a territory, who did not join them. Then the free experiments and institutions of the new “founding fathers” will tend to prove and spread their insights and discoveries. – JZ, 7.10.07. – Even in our society e.g. the classical music lovers are free to do their things, while the pop music lovers do theirs. Neither forces the other to accept his preferences. That tolerant practice can and should be adopted in all spheres. The territorially upheld monopolies of the State are the main obstacle to peaceful coexistence in all spheres. – JZ, 16.4.09. - MAJORITARIANISM, NATIONALISM, STATISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, DIS., EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAWS, MINORITY AUTONOMY FOR ALL SOCIETIES, TERRITORIALISM, VOTING, BUREAUCRACY, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM
TERRITORIALISM: I do not know any ‘separate territories’.” - Christian Morgenstern, Stufen, 1918, p.43. – That was long before we had any real images of “spaceship Earth”. – JZ, 15.4.09. - BORDERS, FRONTIERS, NATIONALISM
TERRITORIALISM: I do own a block of land, all of ½ acre large or, rather small. Although this is a tiny part of a large territory, a whole continent, I do not assume that this possession (also under xyz governmental restrictions and even taxes) does make me a territorialist or a territorial government and gives me the freedom to act in a sovereign way like a territorial government does. It is rather the territorial government that acts in several ways as if it owned my life, my rights, my liberty, my little bit of land. And as a tiny land-holder and user, one among millions, I am certainly not a land-monopolist, either. – If there is something that deserves to be called a “land monopoly” then the worst among all of them would certainly be the national land-monopoly, established and upheld by force. - JZ, 2.9.08, 20.9.08. – LAND-OWNERSHIP, LAND MONOPOLY? – DIS.
TERRITORIALISM: I have absolutely and irrefutably shown that government cannot exist without initiating force, or at least threatening to do so, against dissenters.” – Roy A. Childs, Jr., Liberty Against Power, Fox & Wilkes, San Francisco, 1994, p.148. – He should have said TERRITORIAL government, for he would have defined or thought of government only as such, at least at that stage. In his criticism of Ayn Rand he was, for a while, somewhat panarchistic but did not stick, consistently, with this insight. The thinking of many people gets often astray by their own flawed definitions. That can happen even to people, who are, otherwise, quite intelligent and well read. – Maybe this beginning of a compilation of thoughts and facts on the subject will help to reduce the number of popular errors, prejudices, false assumptions, conclusions and definitions on the subject. Anyhow, it is worth a try. - JZ, 14.8.12. - INITIATION OF FORCE, GOVERNMENT
TERRITORIALISM: I think that China’s territorial claims to the Spratlys is fictitious.” – Clancy, p. 313 of SSN, Berkley Books, 2000. – All territorial claims are fictitious and wrong. – JZ, 7.8.09. – Especially those to countries or even islands in the neighborhood. On a much smaller scale we have seen violence and fraud being used e.g. in the “wild West” to build up private large real estate “empires” instead of merely free market purchases, just like criminal gangs still fighting to gain and maintain their exclusive “turfs”. – JZ, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: If anyone wish to migrate to another village, and if one or more who live in that village do not wish to receive him, if there be only one who objects, he shall not move there.” – The Salic Law, ca. 490. – Veto power even to individuals against freedom of movement! That would suit some of today’s tradesmen, businessmen and factory owners just fine – China and Japan were for centuries closed societies by government edicts. Should we continue with such wrongs and absurdities? Each being confined to a section of “spaceship Earth”? – JZ, 26.7.08. – DIS., IMMIGRATION, PROTECTIONISM, WRONGFUL VETO, RESTRICTIONS, FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT, NATION-WIDE PRISONS OR CONCENTRATION CAMPS, CLOSED SOCIETIES WITH A TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY CLAIM.
TERRITORIALISM: If territorialism, monopolism, totalitarianism are the requisites that make for a war mongering organization, it follows that those who are against war should promote the overcoming of these three aspects and should develop in their place alternative organizational structures and arrangements that neutralize and finally extinguish the drive to war and the capability for it. - - The new social entities should display characteristics antithetic to territorialism, monopolism, totalitarianism, namely: - Spatialism. Governance is dissociated from territorial sovereignty (aterritorialism) and is related only to performing specific circumscribed functions, affecting exclusively the people voluntarily concerned by [involved in? – J.Z.] those functions. This frees the individuals from being hostages of a certain power for no other reason than that of living in a certain territory, and eliminates the main drive to war (i.e. conquer/control new territories). - - Pluralism. There are no limits to the number of existing communities (voluntary and free from territorialism) as long as there are individuals ready to set them up. This will give rise to a wealth of social entities, most of them interconnected and open to external inputs and new members, and will eliminate the pervasive power of any large centralized organization. The consequence is the elimination of another prime condition favourable to engagement in mass slaughters, namely the existence of large groups of people subject to a central power. - - Voluntarism. All the individuals are free to associate with the community of their choice, to set up new communities or to live apart, on their own, totally undisturbed. This personal universal right to social choice will implement the basic form of freedom (i.e. free will) and will definitively leave behind the remaining traces of modern feudalism, that is territorial nationalism, in so far as free contracts will replace compulsory ascription everywhere, even in the social and political sphere. - - "... originally no one had a greater right to any region of the earth than anyone else." - "... the right to the earth's surface ... belongs in common to the totality of human beings." (Immanuel Kant, To Perpetual Peace, 1795) - BELLIS, GIAN PIERO: Scenarios for the Future, 2006, http://www.butterbach.net/dimpress.htm http://www.panarchy.net/ - MONOPOLISM, TOTALITARIANISM, WAR & PEACE, SPATIALISM, PLURALISM, VOLUNTARISM, ATERRITORIALISM, FEUDALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM
TERRITORIALISM: If you continue to give in to territorial governments you might as well give up. – JZ, 9.11.97. – Suicide would be less painful and prolonged. – JZ, 16.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: In an Objectivist society, the government is not open to competition, and hence is a coercive monopoly.” – Roy A. Childs, Jr., Liberty Against Power, Fox & Wilkes, San Francisco, 1994, p.147. - OBJECTIVISM, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, COMPETITION & PANARCHISM OR POLYARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: In any event, neither sound nor unsound proposals can be carried out efficiently, because the machinery of government is a vast series of interlocking hierarchies, riddled through and through with incompetence.” - Laurance J. Peter and Raymond Hall, The Peter Principle, 1969ff, p.56/57. – - All innovations and experiments in the social sciences should be carried out only among volunteers. To promote that they should be free to choose full exterritorial autonomy and personal law for themselves. – JZ, 21.9.07. - TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM
TERRITORIALISM: In order to get power and retain it, it is necessary to love power; but love of power is not connected with goodness but with qualities that are the opposite of goodness, such as pride, cunning, and cruelty.” - Leo Tolstoy - POWER, POLITICS & CORRUPTION
TERRITORIALISM: Inasmuch as it is highly improbably that any government covering any considerable territory has ever had, for a single day, the consent of all the governed within its borders, it is evident that some reason other than consent must be given, if the hypothesis of just governmental powers is to be maintained.” - Theo P. Perkins, in Tucker's LIBERTY, 1892. - PANARCHISM, GOVERNMENT, CONSENT, JUSTICE
TERRITORIALISM: INDEPENDENCE, SELF-RESPECT, VOTING, POLITICS AS USUAL: Independence and self-respect mean much more than subordination to politicians and bureaucrats who were elected or tolerated by ever-changing temporary majorities. Neither scientific experiments nor our own lives should be determined by territorial majority voting. - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.3.04. – MAJORITARIANISM, DEMOCRACY, VOTING, REPRESENTATION, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRACY
TERRITORIALISM: Is the political struggle for territory a struggle for bread? - Norman Angell, Human Nature and the Peace Problem, 1925, p.153. – Large power and a large exclusive territory cannot make a people or nation well off. But free enterprise and free exchange, even in very small countries can. Consider e.g. city States like Hong Kong, Berlin, Singapore and Bremen, all wealthy to the extent that they are free – and this only on a relatively few square kilometers for each, enough for free production and exchange. – Not that any of them or others were ever quite free in this respect. - JZ, 14.4.09, 1.8.12. - OVERPOPULATION? POPULATION INCREASE? FOOD SHORTAGE? DIS.,
TERRITORIALISM: Is Your Country or Company Harvesting Its Knowledge? – We have moved from a world where the key to wealth is how you seize, hold and exploit territory (*) to a world in which the key to wealth is how your country or company amasses, shares and harvests knowledge.” Thomas Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, p.219, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0 00 655139 4 www.fireandwater.com – Not even the anarchists and libertarians have so far harvested, sorted, processed and made easily, fast and cheaply accessible all the freedom knowledge they possess between them.– I wonder what is their excuse for this omission. (*) Rather its population! – – JZ, 16.4.09, 14.8.12. - KNOWLEDGE, WEALTH, IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT, ANARCHISTS & LIBERTARIANS
TERRITORIALISM: It is at the price of patent self-contradiction that sovereign States reluctantly allow the least measure of autonomy for particular agencies and associations born of freedom. Through the inner logic of Sovereignty, they tend to totalitarianism.” - Jacques Maritain, Man & The State, ed. by Richard O’Sullivan, London, Hollis & Carter, 1954, p. 46. – STATES, STATISM, COERCION & MONOPOLISM, DESPOTISM, TOTALITARIANISM, UNITY & UNIFORMITY PRETENCE
TERRITORIALISM: It is common knowledge that his dreams have never been realized; no wonder he is still chasing the same age-old aspirations. New governments come and go every now and then, and with the approach of each election his hopes are rekindled, yet nothing changes. His dreams never come true, as the promises are never kept. Those who seek office – both individuals and political organisations - do not really care, because all they are interested in is coming to power. It is part of the game, their profession, which is based on the logic of success. The ultimate aim is staying in power or wrenching it away from the opposing party; not introducing reforms or bringing about necessary changes. …” - Kevork Ajemian, The Fallacy of Modern Politics, Books International, PO Box 6096, McLean, Virginia 22106, 1986, Tel. (703) 821-8900, p.100. - TERRITORIAL POLITICS AS USUAL, MAN AS MERE VOTING CATTLE OR SHEEPLE, POLITICIANS, REPRESENTATION, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITY DESPOTISM, POWER ADDICTION
TERRITORIALISM: It is noteworthy that totalitarian despots, who have succeeded in reducing the state to their private domain, excel in upholding its sanctity and inviolability.” – Dagobert D. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p. 78. – “TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY”, “INNER AFFAIRS”, “NON-INTERVENTIONISM”
TERRITORIALISM: It is remarkable that jealousy of individual property in land often goes along with very exaggerated doctrines of tribal or national property in land. We are told that John, James, and William ought not to possess part of the earth’s surface because it belongs to all men, but it is held that Egyptians, Nicaraguans, or Indians have such right to the territory which they occupy, that they may bar the avenues of commerce and civilization if they choose, and that it is wrong to override their prejudices or expropriate their land. The truth is, that the notion that the race own the earth has practical meaning only for the latter class of cases.” – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.45. . – If Sumner had thought this idea over, to its final conclusion, he might have come out in favor of exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers, i.e. for panarchism or polyarchism. – JZ, 13.11.07. – The jealous possessiveness regarding national land claims may have had its origin in the fact that originally the possession of hunting or grazing grounds or arable land was the only way to earn a living or even to become relatively rich. Now numerous people, crowded closely together in cities, become relatively rich in other, honest, productive and creative ways of working and serving others in free exchanges for their wanted output, mostly without owning more than the house or flat they are living in and a tiny garden, often confined to flower pots. - NATIONAL LAND MONOPOLY, LAND TENURE, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: It is the slicing off of territorial areas into single, governmental monopolies that leads to mass destruction (This much was quoted in REASON, 3/73. – JZ) (*) – for then if the single monopoly government of Walldavia confronts its ancient rival, the government of Ruritania, each can wield weapons of mass destruction and even nuclear warfare because it will be the “other guy” and the “other country” they will hurt. Furthermore, now that every person is a subject of a monopoly government, in the eyes of every other government he becomes irretrievably identified with “his” government. The citizen of France is identified with “his” government, and therefore if another government attacks France, it will attack the citizenry as well as the government of France. (**) But if Company A battles with Company B, the most that can happen is that the respective customers of each company may be dragged into the battle – but no one else. It should be evident, then, that even if the worst happened, and a libertarian world would indeed become a world of “anarchy”, we would still be much better off than we are now, as the mercy of rampant, “anarchic” nation-states, each possessing a fearsome monopoly of weapons of mass destruction. We must never forget that we are living, and always have lived, in a world of “international anarchy”, in a world of coercive nation-states unchecked by an overall world government, and there is no prospect of this situation changing. …” Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, revised edition, p. 120/21, Collier Books, 1978, ISBN 0-02-074690-3. - (*) Size matters, also, Scattered small possessions of 50 acres each would hardly present themselves as nuclear targets. Nor would cities, in which diverse peoples would live side by side, although most as members of very diverse communities of volunteers, all under their own personal laws and institutions. – JZ, 1/75, 26.7.08. - - (**) The government itself is usually spared. Its subjects are not! – JZ, 16.9.08. - With "territories" usually those much larger areas are meant than those, which constitute, in most cases, merely private real estate. - JZ, 19.11.02. – At least here Rothbard did not envision exterritorial autonomy for volunteers or showed awareness of the personal law tradition. All the passages in which he did, although, mostly, only in all to general terms, should be pulled and published together. – JZ, 14.812. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, ANARCHY, WORLD GOVERNMENT, TARGETS, ENEMIES, PEACE, NUCLEAR TARGETS, NUCLEAR ARMS RACES, FINANCING NUCLEAR WAR PREPARATIONS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, NATIONALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, ROTHBARD
TERRITORIALISM: It provides a “final solution”, final for man, in an age of ABC mass murder devices directed against whole territories and their populations. – JZ, 16.9.97, 10.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM: It should, however, be clear that the fundamental criticism of modern society is its lack of organic growth, and the absence of scope for normal human biology and initiative. To follow this kind of analysis with a detailed institutional program would be illogical.” (*) – Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, p.116, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print and off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. - - (*) Illogical only if the program were based once again upon a territorial autonomy instead of free exterritorial competition among communities of volunteers. – A. C. recognized this himself in his following sentence. - JZ, 15.9.07. - TERRITORIAL STATES VS. PANARCHISM OR POLYARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALLY AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITIES OF VOLUNTEERS
TERRITORIALISM: It was a culture that had worked in metals, that had delved into the atom, that had mastered chemicals and had built a complicated and dangerous gadgetry. It had concentrated upon the technological and had ignored the sociological so that a man might punch a button and destroy a distant city without knowing, or even caring, about the lives and habits, the thoughts and hopes and beliefs of the people that he killed. I ask you, my friend, what is the history of conference?” - Clifford D. Simak, Ring Around the Sun, p.171. - Social sciences are so little developed that the exterritorial and voluntaristic alternatives have so far been explored only by very few people. - Compare: General Omar Bradly: “We are nuclear giants and ethical infants.” - JZ, 30.10.02. - STATE, TECHNOLOGY, VOLUNTARISM, STRENGTH, NUCLEAR STRENGTH & WAR THREAT, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SECESSIONISM & CHOICES, SUMMIT CONFERENCES
TERRITORIALISM: Learn from the animals and plants. None claim large territorial monopolies and uphold them by force. All live and prosper wherever they can. - J. Z. 21.1.99. - But then they are not dominated by fixed and flawed ideas, like man is, all too much and for all too long. - JZ, 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM: Life under territorial systems cannot freely develop into all that it could be and should be. – JZ, 25.8.98.
TERRITORIALISM: Man suffers from many territorial ideas - but they are not imperatives or unavoidable instincts. They are just temporary spleens indicating a degree of insanity and dangerous aggressiveness. The condition is curable. Nor did or does it always exist, for all people and under all conditions, no more so than chauvinism or religious fanaticism. - JZ, 3.11.81, 19.11.02. TERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE, TERRITORIALITY, TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION, TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY
TERRITORIALISM: Most people think and act only in terms of territorial States, their laws and institutions and thus altogether miss all their exterritorialist options, rights and liberties that could keep them out of most of their present and future man-made troubles. They take territorial organizations, laws and institutions for granted, as if they were natural or inevitable, even when only their opposites could assure them what they really need and want, the practice of all the individual rights and liberties – to the extent that they do already appreciate them and, finally, even of all of these rights and liberties, once they understand them sufficiently. – Territorialism is largely identical with the current statism but at least, as a monopoly, it also suggests, to self-thinking people, its opposite, namely exterritorial autonomy for all kinds of voluntary communities, peacefully competing with each other, while even most libertarians and anarchists could, so far, usually only imagine various forms of limited or mini-governments or various forms of anarchism, both territorially, however decentralized, realized for all inhabitants, whether they like these organization forms or not. – JZ, 19.10.05, 14.4.09, 23.3.11, 14.8.12. - STATISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, LIBERTARIANS, STATES, ANARCHISTS, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Most territorial laws create rather than solve problems. – JZ, 1.1.01. - LAWS, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: National territorial independence is not worth a single human life - but has cost hundreds of millions of lives, not to speak of the costs in money and property. Individual independence will be achieved when more than a few are willing to risk their lives for it. They would risk less for it than they do when forced to fight for territorial governments. - JZ, 5.4.88, 2.4.89, 12.12.03, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Nations on the brink don't need a large push to send them toppling.” - Poul Anderson, A Knight of Ghosts and Shadows, p.124. - Territorial nations, as territorial nations, are always too close to the brink. - JZ, 16. 7.01. - One might even say that they are defined by brinkmanship, under the misleading terms of "Realpolitik", power politics, international relations, international affairs, international law, territorial integrity, national sovereignty, national unity etc. They have set up territorial constitutions, laws and jurisdictions, i.e. artificial borders against differences, and free competition, which otherwise could be quite tolerable and would permit peaceful competition, genuine self-governance and self-determination or independence as well as the unity and uniformity among volunteers and e.g. free trade, free migration, full monetary freedom, full employment and sound currencies as “fringe benefits”, achieved fast and without sacrifices. - JZ, 9.2.02, 14.8.12. - BRINKMANSHIP, BORDERS, FRONTIERS, DEFENCE, ARMS RACES, TENSIONS, NATIONALISM
TERRITORIALISM: no government has a just claim to any property or “sovereign” right in a given territorial area … all of its territory is the result of some kind of aggression and violent conquest.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, p. 284. – By using the term “its” territory he made already too much of a verbal concession. – JZ, 26.7.08. – DIS.
TERRITORIALISM: No one can be a king and not do harm.” - (On ne peut point régner innocement.) - Louis Antoin Léon de Saint-Just, calling for the execution of Louis XVI, 13.11.1792. – For many decades now the British constitutional monarchy has refuted this assertion. I wish all territorial politicians would be as powerless to do wrong and to do harm. As nominal heads of the State these monarchs can and sometimes have upheld the rights of the subjects against all too power-hungry politicians. Through the royal representative of the British King or Queen, the Governor General, this has happened twice in Australia during the last century. To that extent the British constitutional monarchy should be appreciated even by anarchists and libertarians. – JZ – If they became the ultimate official guardians of an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties, then such monarchies might function even better. – JZ, 15.4.09. – Then, to uphold these rights and liberties, they should even be granted an absolute veto right – in their communities of volunteers. – The original kinds were largely thought to be the ultimate judges to assure justice in their kingdoms. Maybe such an arrangement will come assure the continuance of the British monarchy through the next centuries among its remaining numerous volunteers, if the queens and kings are as popular persons as is the present queen. I never heard anyone accusing her of having committed any wrong. Some are just envious of her personal wealth and status. Others just don’t want to be ruled by her. That should be their free choice. – If there had been a referendum in West Berlin and West Germany, on joining the British Commonwealth, after sufficient publicity on that option, I wonder how many of these Germans would have voted for it. Under the voluntarism of panarchism or polyarchism, they could have done so unilaterally, for their own affairs. - J.Z., 14.8.12. - TERRITORIAL RULERS, KINGS, GOVERNMENTS, MONARCHS, CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHIES, VETO POWER, DISMISSAL OF GOVERNMENTS
TERRITORIALISM: No one can move freely enough as long as he remains bound or in chains or incarcerated in nation-wide territorial prisons, under more or less absolute and authoritarian rulers, with some minority or even majority support. - JZ, Dec. 04. - FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT & SETTLEMENT, FREE MIGRATION VS. IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY. NATIONALISM, STATISM
TERRITORIALISM: No territorial government and population is quite free, secure and sovereign as long as there are other such sovereign governments, peoples and territories around, and as long as the internal colonization and subjugation of dissenters and also the imperialistic territorial expansion trend are continued. (*) Each of them is already abusing its all too large powers, at least over internal minorities, each is more or less a permanent threat to the majority and the minorities of other countries. All over, although this is not generally or widely recognized as yet, territorial regimes are the common enemies of all people who want to be free and live in peace and justice. – JZ, 16.8.86. – (*) However, the trend after WW II has rather been the multiplication of territorial nation States, to by now over 200 I believe. – A quick search with Yahoo gives me 193 as recognized by the UN. – I seem to have lost the inbuilt Google search option of Safari. – Typically, the UN does not include any nations or peoples that strive only for full exterritorial autonomy for their volunteers. – It rather represents only the governments of territorial “nation”-States. - JZ, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: No whole country should be monopolized by any kind of people, religion or ideology. All of the world belongs to all people – apart from all kinds of privately and cooperatively owned property. – JZ, 4.9.99, 14.8.12. - NATIONALISM, COSMOPOLITANISM
TERRITORIALISM: Nobody can be trusted with unlimited power. The more power a regime has, the more likely people will be killed. This is a major reason for promoting freedom.” - Rudolph Rummel. – All territorial powers and all territorial power claims, e.g. of parties, majorities and terrorists, are already excessive by their very nature. All powers must become confined to voluntary members and voluntary victims. – JZ, 23.1.08. – Only those who trust it should be exposed to the powers that they have selected for themselves, as a kind of self-imposed punishment for their remaining ignorance, errors, prejudices, false premises and false assumptions. Let them learn about power at their own risk and expense. – J.Z., n.d. - FREEDOM. TRUST & POWER, LEADERSHIP, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, TO EACH HIS OWN SYSTEM & SELF-CHOSEN LIFE STYLE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL, AS A TEACHING & LEARNING METHOD
TERRITORIALISM: Nothing is so wrong, mindless and blind as the commitment to territorial politics, in spite of all the disasters it has caused already and is still causing. The world is full of its victims, already buried or to be buried by it in the future and yet this “poison” is offered and swallowed over and over again, as a supposed panacea or good medicine, no matter how many people it makes sick, poor, oppressed or kills outright. What is one to think of the morality and intelligence of its voluntary victims? – JZ, 13.11.93, 9.1.99, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: One can become a leader only if one is supported by an ideology which makes other people tractable and accommodating.” - Ludwig von Mises - A DANGEROUS IDEOLOGY FOR AMBITIOUS “LEADERS”, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR COMMUNITIES OF VOLUNTEERS, POWER
TERRITORIALISM: One cannot grow sufficiently or far enough under territorial tutelage, “care” and “leadership” or despotism. – JZ, 25.8.98, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: One decision for all is usually wrong for many to most people. - JZ, 24.5.02. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, MAJORITY, GOVERNMENT, DEMOCRACY, UNITY
TERRITORIALISM: One should also note the then still widespread belief that either the subjects should adopt the religion of their rulers or prescribed by their rulers or that people of different religions can live peacefully only if the members of different religions have their own territories. Today, this idea survives whenever people say that communists should move to North Korea or that free-market supporters should move to Hong-Kong (or wherever), so that they can have their system. This is a territorialist’s notion, no doubt. – Richard C. B. Johnsson, in his review of the book on Extraterritoriality by SHI SHUN LIU.
TERRITORIALISM: Only about 10 percent of the countries of the world are ethnically homogeneous.” - John Naisbitt, Global Paradox, p.39. - And that is only one of many other diversities among human beings. – Only the religious diversity has so far been largely but not yet fully recognized and tolerated through corresponding voluntary communities. The diversity of political, social and economic systems does not yet enjoy the same autonomy and tolerance, which it should have and needs urgently. - JZ, 16.9.07. - According to one report, which I read many years ago, only a few hundred people on the Andaman Islands can still be considered as racially unmixed. All the other racial or ethnic groups consist mainly out of more or less mixed “bastards”. True or false? Isn’t it about time to establish the truth on this matter in public opinion? Most humans can interbreed, indicating that they constitute one species. And all humans have most of their genes in common with the higher forms of apes. – JZ, 4.2.12. - TERRITORIAL UNITY VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, ETHNICAL & OTHER DIFFERENCES WITHIN “THE” PEOPLE, POPULATIONS, NATIONS, COUNTRIES, STATES
TERRITORIALISM: Only territorial systems have always failed towards major problems and are bound to continue to do so. They and their principles, processes, institutions, ideas, beliefs and processes are the major cause and not a possible solution for most of our remaining and solvable major problems. Without them, these problems could and would soon be solved, by some voluntary experimenters, among themselves, and from their successful experiments their solutions, discoveries or innovations would soon spread over most of the world, voluntarily accepted by others. - Often blueprints for such solutions do already exist. A complete ideas archive and talent registry would soon bring them to light and market them optimally. But those rejecting them, because they would prefer their remaining problems to these cures, should remain quite free to do so. – JZ, n.d. - EXTERRITORIALISM, FREE CHOICE AMONG ALL SYSTEMS - FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS. - CHOICE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, TOLERANCE, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM.
TERRITORIALISM: Our problems are no longer a matter of ‘left-wing’ or ‘right-wing’, ‘strong leadership’ or ‘weak’. The decision-system itself has become a menace.” - Alvin Toffler, The Third Wave, Pan Books & Collins, 1980/81, p.424. - - Since in the political, economic and social spheres of whole and all-embracing systems there are only territorial State systems, it is the territorial decision-making system that has to be replaced. By what? By free choice of political, social and economic systems for individual volunteers and for their voluntary groups or communities. Let them go in their own directions, just like tourists exploring, by themselves, parts of the whole world, or like natural scientists and technicians do, artists and poets. One does not have to join them and without compulsory taxation one does not have to finance their “hobbies” or commitments. Experimental freedom for all experiments that can be practised tolerantly, which excludes territorial experiments upon whole populations - which almost always represent a whole spectrum of different ideas, opinions and preferences. – JZ, 24.9.07. – (I read, recently, that Australian women were, unknown to them, treated as experimental animals, with Thalidomide, when it was new and had not even been used on real animal mammals, that were pregnant. As human and caring are some of the leading medical professionals! I doubt that anyone of them was brought to court, although the corporation, which produced this drug, crippling many babies, was held somewhat responsible. Doctors form a very powerful trade union when it comes to cover-ups or wrongs, by some of its members. But I would not go so far as to call them, too, as one famous writer did, members of a “disabling profession”. In that their “unions” or professional associations are comparable to that of the Catholic Church, which covered up, for all too long, the sexual abuses of some of its priests. It is absurd to attempt to “integrate”, rule or regulate all producers and consumers, entrepreneurs and their customers. The free market, with its free pricing, free contracts and uncounted individual choices, made hourly, and unrestricted publicity, does that much better. Freely competing juridical and governance systems would be helpful, too. – JZ, 24.9.08, 23.3.11, 14.8.12. - TERRITORIAL, CENTRALIZED & IMPOSED DECISION-MAKING, GOVERNMENTS, STATES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, ENERGETIC LEADERSHIP
TERRITORIALISM: Patriotism is often an arbitrary veneration of real estate above principles.” – G. J. Nathan, Testament of a Critic, p.16. – If at least it were private or cooperatively owned and managed real estate then this would make at least some sense, would be moral in itself and rational. But collectivist, coercive, monopolistic and national “real estate”, on the country-wide level, as usual mismanaged and exploited by politicians and bureaucrats for their purposes and at the expense of the population? How could such wrongful nonsense be continued for as long, in spite of all its costs, wastes, enforced tribute payments, its anti-economics, killings, repressions and other drawbacks? Obviously, popular errors, myths and prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions are not yet systematically enough countered and better ideas not yet sufficiently marketed through special institutions and channels for them. – Social Sciences are still far from being genuine sciences, as Gian Piero de Bellis pointed out in an excellent essay on www.panarchy.org. - JZ, 26.7.08. - PATRIOTISM, NATIONALISM, PREJUDICES, LIBERTARIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA, IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF REFUTATIONS
TERRITORIALISM: Political boundaries and fences destroy the people's sovereignty and create slave camps that should not exist.” - G. C. Szmak, in "The Four Blind Spots." - BORDERS, FRONTIERS, BOUNDARIES, NATIONS, SOVEREIGNTY, NATIONWIDE SLAVERY
TERRITORIALISM: Political theorists have constantly warned that a person cannot feel he is an important part of the political process if the number of voters is so large as to make his vote seem insignificant. Aristotle concluded that a state must stop granting citizenship when ‘it has filled up its numbers’. (27) Much later, Rousseau argued that ‘the larger the state, the less the liberty’…. (28)” – (27) The Politics, Book III, Ch. 5, p. 112. – (28) Jean Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract and Discourses, trans. G. D. H. Cole, New York, Dutton, 1950, p.57.” – Frederick C. Thayer, An End to Hierarchy! An End to Competition! Organizing the Politics and Economics of Survival. – New Viewpoints, N.Y. 1973, p.60. - - It is not so much the size that matters but the number and kinds of differences that exist in a population. A world-wide and dispersed membership of Catholics, in the hundreds of millions, can, nevertheless, be largely united in its beliefs, its thinking and its actions, without any violent internal struggles. The same would be true, e.g., for a world-wide federation of Free Traders. Also one of protectionists, also doing their things only to themselves. – But with a mixed territorial population, its optimal size, if there is any at all for this kind of organization, is reached rather soon. One can find some of the sharpest disagreements and clashes already in small families! Sometimes leading to manslaughter or murder. – Here, too, it can be a clash between individual sovereignty and collective or hierarchical family sovereignty. The blood relationship is often not strong enough to overcome the differences of views and inclinations. – Far less is a common language or cultural inheritance enough to hold people closely together. - JZ, 26.3.09, 14.8.12. - CENTRALIZATION, VOTING, BIGNESS, DECENTRALIZATION, OPTIMAL SIZE, OVERSIZE
TERRITORIALISM: politics divides us and, in so doing, weakens our social connectedness. (*) Political systems set group against group, engendering a distrust of everyone except, of course, political leaders. By such means, the networks that would otherwise connect us to one another as we pursue our various self-interests, become cleaved.” (**) - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 65. – (*) True for territorial politics. Untrue for exterritorial politics. Territorial States do coercively “unite” us and thus weaken our cohesiveness. Exterritorial societies divide us, with regard to their multiplicity and via individual choices but do unite us in panarchies with like-minded people. – (**) Panarchies are also networks. They unite people exterritorially. They can also provide all the “public services” that their members want for themselves. – They unite or strengthen the relationships with like-minded people while separating them, as much as they want to be separated, from people who think, believe or act otherwise. – Panarchies and the Internet unite in diversity. - JZ, 20.2.05, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Politics operates within every group of people. Politics is the relationship of alienated people. Men are the most alienated and therefore the most political.” – Jim Cairns, Growth to Freedom, p.7, Down to Earth Foundation, Canberra, 1979. – So far, territorial politics is allowed to play its wrongful and harmful games with all kinds of people in a territory. No wonder that many people feel alienated under such regimes, which they have not individually chosen for themselves. Men are more ideologically motivated and thus ideologically more divided and alienated from whatever ideology, one of many, is temporarily and territorially ruling. Alas, most of them do not know of or are not interested in the alternatives that exterritorial political options would offer all of them, namely to each the government or non-governmental society of his or her dreams or choice. At least for a while they would then no longer be alienated from the society or government system that they have freely chosen for themselves while afterwards they would be free to secede. Territorial organization is now omnipresent, although it is alien to the nature of man. It could arise and maintain itself only on the basis of flawed ideas and false assumptions, and numerous popular prejudices. Just like any religion. Territorial power renders most of its subjects powerless, does not allow them to fully mature as human beings, up to the limits of their individual potential. - I did not find any freedom ideas in this book of 83 pages, that I would consider as such. Yet, for years, J. C. was one of the top Labor party leaders in Australia. Perhaps others can find something of value in this book. – JZ, 28.7.07, 23.3.11, 14.8.12. - TERRITORIAL POLITICS, ALIENATION & MEN
TERRITORIALISM: Power was always something nonsensical but it was, as far as territorial ambitions go, something that was calculable. In our times the claims of might are ideologically colored, which means that the nonsensical has become still more nonsensical.” – Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Band 1, Reportagen und Gespraeche, Knaur, 1976, S.25. - Ideologies are non-territorial and can be non-territorially satisfied for their volunteers, however irrational they may be. They are not, inherently, as intolerant as territorial claims are and one does not even have to bother calculating their effects, as long as they are applied only by and upon volunteers. But one can count on this, that this freedom of action and experimentation will be less provocative, oppressive and threatening and it will promote freedom, peace, security, justice, general progress, wealth and enlightenment much more than territorialism could. Then one does not have to struggle or fight for the kind of liberty that one likes – since under this condition one can already enjoy it among a few like-minded people, like one can enjoy religious liberty or religious tolerance, where they do already exist. – JZ, 15.9.07, 14.8.12. - & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM
TERRITORIALISM: Prevent most crimes: eliminate all territorial governments with compulsory membership or subordination for peaceful and productive people. – JZ, 9.11.97. – TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, CRIME, POLITICS, WARS
TERRITORIALISM: Private individuals make mistakes, but the mistake of government has been the continual creation of widespread misery by forcing certain erroneous notions on everyone living within a certain area.” - Albert Tarn, quoted in THE INDIVIDUALIST, London, Meulen's, Dec. 55, p.70. - ERRORS, MISTAKES, RIGHTS, INDEPENDENCE, INDIVIDUALISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: PUBLIC UPRISING" NEEDED: [The U.S. tax code] has grown into a 67,204-page tangle of giveaways (*) and attempts at social engineering. Given the more self-interested and venal form of politics practiced today, a public uprising may be needed to untangle it."- USA Today, editorial - http://blogs.usatoday.com/oped/2007/04/post_7.html#more - No one has time to read them all and almost any free and rightful action can be hit by some law, regulation or juridical decision by the territorial regimes. - It is not the laws and the policemen and judges that keep us in check, prevent us from aggression in most cases, but our conscience, or ethic, morality or common sense. On the contrary, the laws involve us in numerous wrongful actions. - Why should we have a vote of any degree over the affairs of others, via political parties and the laws they make? What is just about this? - Legalizing wrongs or making them constitutionally possible and juridically defending them does not make them right. - Imposing them uniformly upon all in a country or territory does enforce wrongs on a vast scale. - To take a small example: Ponder merely for how long restricted shopping hours were legally imposed, under the prediction of chaos that would result, if they were abolished. Now some shops stay open after hours and most close and the change-over happened practically without friction, apart from the usual complaints by some trade unionists. Those, who did not want to work at odd hours, simply did not. Others gladly took their place. - In my village, Berrima, NSW, I rarely ever see a policeman or even a passing police patrol car. Only sometimes can I hear a police siren on the local highway. We had a small police station, manned by one policeman. It has been closed down for many years, Nevertheless, the locals do not systematically rob, rape or murder each other. Is it only fear of legal and juridical punishment that keeps them straight? - But territories, as a rule, are under a single statist and territorial control, even if, as a canton in Switzerland, it may be under a single direct democracy and majoritarian control system, even if this control system comes at three levels, those of local, State and federal governments. - (*) rather: takeaways? – JZ, 10.10.05, 14.8.12. - DIS.
TERRITORIALISM: Setting up many territorialist regimes up, all of them by their very nature and more or less forcefully “competing” with each other, cannot provide the ultimate free society, freedom, justice and prosperity and progress options. Not even the best defence options, while all of them do all too much facilitate suppression and aggression. – JZ, 3.5.98, 16.7.08, 23.3.11. – WAR, PEACE, PROGRESS, DEFENCE, PROSPERITY, JUSTICE, FREEDOM, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Sovereignty and independence’ – absolute sovereignty over its own territory, that is – may well include the ‘right’ to make the existence of others intolerable. Ought any nation to have such a right?” - Norman Angell, Human Nature and the Peace Problem, 1925, p.40. – Q., SOVEREIGNTY, STATES, MAJORITIES, MINORITIES, RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS OR PANARCHISM, NATIONALISM
TERRITORIALISM: States institutionalized coercion and compulsion while panarchies institutionalize voluntary creative and productive activities. – JZ, 1.9.85, 15.4.09, 14.8.12. - TERRITORIAL STATES & POWER MONGERS, POLITICIANS, TERRITORIAL STATES VS. PANARCHIES & POLYARCHIES, VIOLENCE VS. VOLUNTARY CREATIVE ACTIVITIES, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial “independence” is not worth a single human life – but has cost already hundreds of millions. – JZ, 5.4.88.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial democracy at its best is at most government by the majority or by a somewhat more enlightened minority. What it is never and can never be is true self-government by and for all peaceful dissenters regarding their own affairs. – JZ, 8.5.04, 16.10.07, 13.4.09. - VS. SELF-GOVERNMENT & PANARCHISM, DEMOCRACY, OUTVOTED MINORITIES
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial democracy or republics amount to the wrongful and coercive integration of the fools with the wise, the conservatives with the reformers and the radicals - instead of letting each go his own way, minding his own business, do his things for or to himself, according to the ancient Roman principle of justice: Suum cuique! (To each his own.) Voluntary separatism or segregation is moral and rational compared with coercive integration and segregation and with "unity" or "equality before the law" - or any other system, which is wanted only by either a temporarily ruling majority or minority – for all others as well. - JZ, 29.1.02, 24.3.11, 14.8.12. - & DEMOCRACY, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL SEPARATISM, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial despotism isn't the solution, not even in its democratic or republican forms. - JZ, 15.2.02 - & DEMOCRACY
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial disputes are among the most potent causes of war among nations. This statement holds true throughout the 20th century” – Conclusion by Erich Weede in “World Politics and the Causes of War in the Twentieth Century: A Quantitative-Empirical Study.” – German title: Weltpolitic und Kriegsursachen im 20. Jahrhundert, Munich, R. Oldenburg, 1975, 438 pages, reviewed in PEACE RESEARCH, April 76. – Obviously, this is not just my own opinion. – I do not know whether the author drew the panarchistic conclusion from this fact. - JZ, 26.7.08. - PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial frontiers and powers should be abolished, and no restriction should any longer be imposed upon communities of volunteers within and across the former borders. – JZ, n.d., 24.10.07. - FRONTIERS, BORDERS, TERRITORIAL & COLLECTIVE SOVEREIGNTY FOR GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL MINORITY AUTONOMY
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial government of any kind means territorial misgovernment of dissenters. Only panarchism (exterritorial autonomy for volunteers) means genuine self-government or: To each the government or non-governmental society of his or her choice. - JZ, 24.3.04. (The last word was changed, from “dreams”, upon suggestion by GPdB - to express the libertarian case more strongly. – J.Z., 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial governments are institutions for the domination of minorities, sometimes also for the exploitation of majorities through legally privileged minorities, and for the extraction of tributes, called taxes, but certainly not for any genuine form of self-government or self-management. – JZ, 17.5.89, 26.7.08. - SELF-GOVERNMENT, TAXES, TRIBUTES, DOMINATION, MINORITIES
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial governments are institutions for the domination of minorities and the imposition of tributes, not for self-government. - JZ, 17.5.89.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial governments either prevent or slow down progress rather than tolerate, promote and accelerate it. Panarchism gives every serious reform attempt its best chance, under personal law, exterritorial autonomy and full experimental freedom for its volunteers. – JZ, 16.9.03, 23.3.09. – STATES, PROGRESS, GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial governments over large and adjacent populated or even unpopulated areas, and liberty, peace and justice are irreconcilable, at least in the long-run. – JZ, 7.11.76, 26.7.08. – NATIONALISM, PATRIOTISM, IMPERIALISM, EXPANSIONISM, EXCUSES FOR WARS OF AGGRESSION OR DOMINATION, EXPANDING THE TAX- OR TRIBUTE BASE.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial governments, by means of their “scientific” super-“weapons” do no longer threaten merely the survival of some individuals but of whole cities, even whole countries and peoples, even that of all of mankind. They are thus no longer legitimate defenders but the worst kind of aggressors. – JZ, 22.3.05. - & ITS MASS MURDER DEVICES, NUCLEAR STRENGTH, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, AGGRESSION, DESPOTISM, TOTALITARIANISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial governments, wrongly supposed to be organized problem solvers, do by their very nature prevent the solution of most problems - which they assert or pretend could be solved only by territorial governments. Only under exterritorial autonomy for all volunteer communities could these problems get their best chance to become solved and this rather fast. This is one of the utilitarian main reasons for advocating panarchism. But, naturally, individual secessions and voluntary association under exterritorial autonomy are also matters of natural law, natural rights, individual rights, of any rational morality or ethics. – The present territorial governments, as such, are the major causes of the remaining problems solvable by human beings, not of their rightful and necessary solutions. - JZ, 25.5.93, 14.1.99, 14.8.12. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, GENUINE SELF-DETERMINATION & FULL SELF-RESPONSIBILITY
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial Governments: They constitute broad rivers of wrongful, false, self-defeating, impoverishing and conflict-promoting decision-making. – JZ: 17.4.04. – All too often they provide us with floods of wrongful decisions, policies and legislation and, at all times, by their territorial monopolies, also with a barrenness of self-help options, while they do provide e.g. inflationary and deflationary phenomena, governmental propaganda and lack of real education at the same time. – JZ, 19.10.07, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial institutions and aims, restraints and incentives, do not work well and cannot work well. But they can achieve death and destruction on a massive scale. - J. Z. 15.6.92, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial institutions are not rightful, peaceful, rational and progressive. On the contrary! – JZ, 15.1.97, 18.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial integrity should rather be renamed: territorial absolutism - for that is the nature of the game. Who has used this expression most of all, lately? The Soviet regime! The term is as absurd as would be the term 'religious integrity' in naming the absolute sway of one religion over one country and the outlawry and suppression of all other religions in that area. - To suppress dissenters, non-conformists and competitors, to force consumers to accept one's services and disservices and compulsorily billing of all of them, does not indicate that one's products or services are pure, genuine and honestly traded at free market prices and also wanted by all those, who are forced to pay for them. It certainly does not indicate, that one is a person or an agency of integrity. - Uniform territorial jurisdiction and exclusive legislative areas are not an ideal to which millions of human lives should be sacrificed. It is merely a utopian ideal, which goes against human nature, makes for war and should never be enforced. - The national and exclusive land tenure system, which is defended with this slogan, is one of the greatest evils ever conceived and practised. It makes nuclear war possible and not only possible but likely, as long as it persists. It prevents internal and external harmony between human groupings. - Extract from PEACE PLANS 16-18. – Here slightly revised: JZ, 14.8.12. - TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial integrity" and political independence or genuine self-government, even for individuals (individual sovereignty) cannot peacefully coexist. The beliefs, aspirations, customs and ideas etc. of all the people living in any territory of a considerable size are not alike enough. - JZ, 22.11.00. - Indeed, they vary greatly even within close family, friendship and hobby groups - apart from those aspects and interests, which they do have in common. - JZ, 1.2.02. - TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial law means continuous aggression, legally, at least against minorities. – JZ, 7.12.73.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial monopoly claims have only provided us with a history of wars, civil wars, violent revolutions, oppression, mass murders, man-made poverty and terrorism instead of peace, freedom, justice, security and prosperity. - JZ, 04-11.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial nation States are run like "closed shops", the turf of gangsters or even like prisons or concentration camps. They can be rightful only for their voluntary supporters and only at their risk and expense. None of them do sufficiently respect the basic rights and liberties of the dissenters and, as territorialists, for they could not, as such organizations. - JZ, 6.12.01, 28.6.01, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial nationalism is "destined for continual combat until one overcomes the other." - Anthony T. Sullivan, on ordinary nationalism, in THE ACADEMIC REVIEWER, Fall-Winter, 73. – WARFARE STATES
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial nationalism is the worst, most wrongful and anti-economic as well as war- and oppression-promoting monopolism. – JZ, 2.3.95.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial parliaments and bureaucracies, more so than any other organizations, some religions excepted (but they have their hang-ups, too), represent organized ignorance, irrationality, immorality, prejudices, power addictions, exploitation and irresponsibility. – JZ, 4.9.87, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial parliaments governments and bureaucracies, much more so than exterritorial ones, do represent organized ignorance, prejudice, usurpation of powers, militarism, exploitation, corruption, dishonesty, protection rackets and collective irresponsibility, i.e., politics and bureaucracy as usual. - JZ, 4.9.87, 1.4.89, 12.12.03, 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politicians are always promising much more than they could possibly deliver while remaining silent about what they do deliver, like wars, civil wars, mass murders, ignorance, prejudices, errors, tributes, impoverishment, exploitation, monopolies, inflation, mass unemployment, obstacles to enlightenment, progress and development. – JZ, 30.7.98, 16.7.08. – POLITICIANS, REPRESENTATIVES, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, LAWS, REGULATIONS, WARS, CIVIL WARS, MASS MURDERS
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politicians have an almost unstoppable inclination and ability to make wrongful and irrational decisions and to get away with this, while blaming others for the disastrous wrongs and mistakes they made and imposed. – JZ, 25.8.98. – We should certainly become free to opt out from under them. – JZ, 16.7.08. – SCAPEGOATISM, BLAMING OTHERS FOR THE OWN MISTAKES, E.G. CAPITALISM, FREEDOM, MARKETS.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics amounts already to minority or majority despotism, even to a kind of camouflaged civil war. It legally sets all against all, rather than protecting their basic rights or liberating them. It cannot rightfully unite them, no more so than could a single religion or church, philosophy or ideology unite a whole country and all its people, no matter how hard it tries to pretend that it could do so. – JZ, 5.8.98, 17.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics amounts to well organized irresponsibility. – JZ, 25.8.98. It is the largest and most successful protection racket. – Also the most murderous and destructive one, in the majority of cases. Only a few countries and populations can proudly say, like Iceland, that they have no armed forces. – See Desmond Bagley, Running Blind, Fontana/Collins paperback, 1972, p.79. – And all these messes are coercively upheld and financed. – JZ, 4.2.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics amounts to wrongful and senseless grandstanding on behalf of wrong ideas, institutions and actions. – JZ, 25.8.98, 17.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics considers most citizens as mere pawns. It does neither permit them to change sides nor to remain neutral, untaxed and unregulated. Its subjects are not even to free jump off the board of the enforced game and onto the boards of other “games”, in which they may lord it over only voluntary subjects or become voluntary subjects themselves of those authorities, which they do prefer for their affairs. Neither does it allow them to start other games among themselves, becoming untaxed, unregulated and un-judged by government constitutions, laws and courts, and unexploited and un-wasted by territorial politics. It does not recognize their freedom and right to participate in or start new constitutional games and systems. It leaves no other freedom options than rather limited private choices as careerists and consumers etc., after pre-empting the most important decisions people could make in their own lives. Territorial democratic and "free" States do have this feature in common with totalitarian ones. Only the degrees of suppression and exploitation that are involved are different, not their very nature and foundation. - JZ, 4.9.87, 1.4.89, 14.8.12. - The territorialist opposition people, too, just wait for their chance to territorially lord it over those, who previously excluded them from government and dominated them, territorially. Territorial politics leaves no other freedom options than persuasion attempts, voting struggles and freedom fighting - in revolutions, civil wars etc. It leaves people only some or a few individual choices in private matters, to the extent that the territorial government has still left them any funds, time and energy for this. Some of the most important individual choices, which individuals should be free to make for themselves, are simply territorially, coercively and monopolistically preempted for them. – Nevertheless, hardly a voice of protest is raised against this maltreatment and for the rightful alternatives, all of them only for their volunteers! - JZ, 4.9.87, 26.7.08, 24.3.11, 14.8.12. - PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics does not offer enough choices to individuals and minorities to do their own things for or to themselves. – JZ, 25.8.98.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics is only as much “civilized” as savages, barbarians and their customs were. Note that the average voters and their representatives are not any more “civilized” and enlightened in their decision-making. – JZ, 11.8.07 & 19.10.07. And the uncivilized savages and barbarians were only armed with sticks, stones, swords, lances, bows and arrows and had to work hard to pile up heaps of their dead victims while our modern barbarians are equipped with mass murder devices which makes such “jobs” easy and very fast. – JZ, 19.10.07. In some respects the primitive and barbaric people were even more civilized than we are, e.g. in their hospitality and in some of their diverse and tolerant marriage customs. – JZ, 14.8.12. - TERRITORIAL POLITICS & CIVILIZATION, BARBARISM, PRIMITIVE PEOPLE
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics is based on compulsory membership or domination, on exclusive sovereignty, upon uniformly imposed laws and jurisdiction and the suppression of individual secession and of competing governments. Exterritorial politics, on the other hand, is based upon voluntary membership, self-determination, self-reliance, self-management and self-help, free competition in all spheres for creative energies, peaceful coexistence, exterritorial autonomy only, chosen personal laws and juridical avenues and individual secessionism. – JZ, 4.7.93, 10.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics is extremely ignorant, prejudiced, corrupt and bankrupt. Only ignorance and prejudices (state controlled “education!), conscription, powerful police forces and wrongful laws, methods and powers, including a juridical monopoly, standing armies, taxation and inflation and public borrowing, can keep them going - to the disadvantage and at the expense of the rights and liberties of most of their subjects. – JZ, 25.8.98, 16.7.08, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics is for a make-believe world and peoples, not for the real world and people and populations as they really are, individually and in their voluntary groups. No wonder then that none of its policies, measures, laws and institutions does offer any real solutions to really existing problems. On the contrary, its solutions provide most of our public problems, which are not caused by our own nature or by natural catastrophes. We have to discard it altogether to enable us to find real solutions for the remaining problems that can be solved by free and rightful actions, institutions, measures and methods, and be it only through free experimentation among volunteers. Peace, justice, progress, enlightenment, rights and liberties, health, longevity and access to the stars cannot be achieved but only prevented or delayed through uniformly imposed territorial measures, laws and bureaucracies. – JZ, 25.8.98, 17.7.08, 4.2.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics is good only in causing and prolonging problems. – JZ, 25.1.97. – PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics leads whole countries and their populations astray and does not allow individuals, minorities and majorities to seek and try to realize their own aims in their own ways and this only at their own risk and expense. – It is essentially intolerant, even totalitarian in its approach. It imposes e.g. an enormous amount of reading matter upon all, and penalizes those, who ignore it, or remain unaware of it, e.g. its avalanche of laws. – JZ, 28.8.98, 17.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics represent our ignorance, errors, prejudices, passions and myths rather than the best ideas and accumulated wisdom of mankind. - Only full exterritorial autonomy for all voluntary societies, communities and social, economic and political reform systems would give the best ideas and the greatest talents in these spheres their best chance for success, in their own communities of volunteers, all doing their own things at the own risk and expense and, if and when successful, thus setting up and demonstrating good examples, which could be voluntarily followed by any others who are really interested in improving their own situation. – JZ, 25.8.98, 14.8.12. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM & COMPULSION
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial politics was always wrong and irrational. It is so by its very nature. It is based on fallacies and false premises and pretences, as well as upon a wrong view of the nature of man and of his potential. – JZ, 3.9.98, 10.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial powers could be most efficiently collapsed rather than fought, by introducing full individual sovereignty, expressed by individual and group secessionism, personal law or exterritorial autonomy for all communities of volunteers, even if, at first, this could be only done via corresponding governments-in exile. Our statist “defence experts” still do not seem to be aware of that option, although already the ancient Romans used at least a single alternative and still territorial government in exile effectively against their opponents. If they had recognized not just one government in exile but as many different ones, as the people to be liberated would have wanted for themselves, then a federation of communities of volunteers – or several of them – might since their time, have covered the world and progress would have advanced unbelievably beyond its present stage even in the most advanced countries. – JZ, 25.3.97, 16.7.08. – GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, PANARCHISM, ROMAN EMPIRE, DEFENCE, LIBERATION, POWER, STATES
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial republics and democracies “function” only as utopian ideals. In reality their operations do, quite inevitably, render them more or less dysfunctional and despotic, too, even in the best cases of them. – Not to speak of the other and still worse territorial regimes. - JZ, 7.9.88, 26.7.08, 14.8.12. - PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial rule is also a cover-up for natural and chosen differences, to pretend a unity or uniformity that does not really exist. Allow all different kinds of people to live in their own preferred ways, at their own expense and risk, sacrificing no one’s rights, liberties, property or life on the altars of a pretended national territorial unity. “Nothing but what is voluntary is deserving the name of national.” – JZ, 25.8.98, 17.7.08, quoting an Australian pioneer woman, Caroline Chisholm, 1808-1877, The A.B.C. of colonization in a series of letters, No.1, 1850. – I finally managed to get at least a 30 page booklet on her life: Wendy Sutherland, Caroline Chisholm, Oxford University Press, 1967. - JZ, 17.7.08, 14.8.12. – UNITY, UNIFORMITY, NATIONALISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial rule is not rule by consent or genuine self-government and independence and it has nothing to do with integrity. – JZ, 14.1.00.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial sovereign states occupy current political space. Territorial sovereignty is not a timeless characteristic of the state system but is unique to the modern state system. Although territorial sovereign states emerged in the seventeenths and eighteenth centuries, it is now unimaginable to find a piece of territory over which at least one political entity does not claim absolute territorial jurisdiction.” – Turan Kayaoglu, 2002.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial sovereignty is wrong towards all peaceful dissenters, who are entitled self-government or self-determination under full exterritorial autonomy and personal laws. – JZ, 12.2.88, 26.7.08. – SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL RATHER THAN TERRITORIAL, COLLECTIVE & ENFORCED.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial sovereignty over involuntary subjects has very different effects from those of exterritorially autonomous communities and societies of volunteers only. – JZ, 30.7.98, 17.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial States are constitutionally and legally organized for oppression, exploitation, aggression, and mass murders. – JZ, 14.1.00. – Supposedly democratic governments with stockpiles of mass murder devices! Need one say any more? – JZ, 20.7.08. – NWT, Q.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial States are blowups or crises waiting to happen. They are institutions promoting war, oppression, exploitation and crises. - JZ, 29.1.04, 14.8.12. - STATES, NATION-STATES
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial States have by now been either at war or in a condition not of peace but of mere armistices and preparations for the next wars, under dictatorships or “democratic” authoritarianism, civil wars, terrorist threats and man-made crises for about 6,000 years. It is high time to consider the possibility of some rightful and rational alternatives to them and of a peaceful and rightful transition from them to these alternatives. - I found also an observation on arms races stimulating. From memory only: Of about 1665 arms races since Christ about 1650 ended in war. - Another pointed out that since Christ there were only about 30 years of peace, worldwide. At all other times there was always one war or civil war somewhere in the world. - Somewhere in the early PEACE PLANS I reproduced these quotes. - One might then add: almost all these wars and civil wars were caused by territorial regimes or by those who tried to set up or maintain regimes of this kind. - By now, officially or secretly armed with ABC mass murder devices, they might lead us into a general holocaust. - Thus, if we want to survive, if we love our own lives and those of our families and friends sufficiently, we ought to consider all the alternatives offered, especially the exterritorial and voluntaristic ones. - We ought to consider, as a possibility, or even a necessity or duty, the replacement of all present territorial States not by other territorial models but by models that are not territorial at all. - And we ought to consider whether that requires their destruction or, rather, their gradual replacement by "one-man" revolutions: One dissenter after the other, all freely seceding from them and joining or setting up alternative volunteer communities that are not territorially autonomous but only exterritorially, that would already be enough, even if the process would still take some time. - JZ, draft notes in email to Gian Piero de Bellis, 28.1.02, rev. 4.2.12 & 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial States, whether openly dictatorial or not, cannot peacefully coexist with each other in the long run, at least not once they exceeded the size of mini-States. (*) They are organized to antagonize each other and their own subjects. They are only as “safe” as corroding high-pressure containers are. – JZ, 1974. - (*) Even the ancient Greek mini-States were often at war with each other. – JZ, 26.7.08. - Not to speak of almost perpetual warfare among many to most small tribes, at least in ancient times and up to modern times, e.g. most of the ca. 500 Red Indians “nations” and the ca. 1000 tribes of New Guinea. – J.Z., 24.3.11, 14.8.12. - PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, PEACE, WAR, IMPERIALISM, TERRITORIAL EXPANSION TENDENCY, CONQUESTS
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial systems prevent the realization of rightful ideas more often than they do promote them. – JZ, 25.8.98. – On the contrary, they tend to repeat the same old errors, mistakes, wrongs and flawed measures over and over again, unable or unwilling to learn from their own experiences, their own history and that of others. – JZ, 16.7.08, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorial systems are obstacle courses for right ideas, talents, actions and institutions. – JZ, 25.8.98, 16.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: TERRITORIALISM & LIBERATION: Liberate yourself from all territorial politicians and bureaucrats. At most choose your own master only for yourself and like-minded people only, i.e. voluntary victims under personal law systems. - JZ, 21.1.04, 24.4.04, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism amounts also to coercive and collective responsibility of all people subjected and taxed by a government, as decided by the own and by foreign governments, via taxes, laws and “nuclear strength” “policies” for the crimes (e.g. inflation or deflation) committed by the own government or e.g. for indiscriminate air raids undertaken by the own government, against the subjects of a foreign government, and also holding them responsible for all other crimes and mistakes of a government territorially imposed upon them. That they are taxed, conscripted and forced to work for an enemy government and subject to its laws seems to territorial statists to be a sufficient "justification" to hold these victims collectively responsible for that government, and its crimes, even with nuclear “weapons”, really anti-people weapons or mass murder devices. By a “gentleman’s agreement” the criminal governments remain, usually, unpunished. – JZ, 14.4.89, 26.7.08. - COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism amounts to letting majorities – through voting, politicians and bureaucrats, make decisions on e.g. brain surgery and numerous other professional, scientific, technical, social, economic and political problems, without letting the doctors or other professionals and various systems and methods freely compete and allowing the individual patients freely select their own doctors or other experts and helpers. – JZ, 25.8.98, 16.7.08, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism and even anarchism try to be successful, quite contrary to the laws of evolution, which operates via changes, reforms or mutations at first only among a few. Only panarchism, through its exterritorialism and voluntarism, operates in accordance with the laws of evolution, starting with some individuals and their groups of volunteers, all free to do their own things among themselves, and spreading improvements from them, only via voluntary adoptions. – JZ, 12.1.95, 18.7.08, 4.2.12. – EVOLUTION, DEVELOPMENT, PROGRESS, ENLIGHTENMENT, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, MUTATIONS, NATURAL CHANGES, SPONTANEITY, DEVELOPMENT
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism combined with majoritarianism brings almost everything down to the lowest common denominator. It also reduces education and enlightenment to a minimum and leads thus to stagnation, reaction and repetition of the same popular errors and mistakes, over and over again. – JZ, 27.4.95. - MAJORITIES, LEVELING, IMPOSING EQUALITY, UNIFORMITY
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism creates injustice and recurring problems, not just and lasting solutions. - JZ, 22.12.92. Nevertheless - just read the headlines - it is again and again applied, without questioning it and without considering and discussing past, present and possible future exterritorial alternatives to it. - JZ 22.12.92, 14.8.12. - Sometimes I feel as if the whole world were ruled by "final solution" “leaders”, who are not ready to consider any alternatives than "ethnic cleansing" or, at best, any alternatives to compulsory territorial integration, leaving only a few traces of cultural autonomy under the rule of territorial majoritarianism and its political autonomy. - JZ, 3.1.93, 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism does not and cannot offer a quite satisfactory solution to anyone, anywhere. – JZ, 7.5.04, 14.8.12. – Except to ignorant and prejudiced territorial statists. They should be allowed to continue their kinds of States and governments, but only exterritorially and for their own kinds of volunteers. – JZ, 1.11.07, 24.3.11. – That would sserve them right. – JZ, 14.8.12. - TERRITORIAL EXCLUSIVENESS & DOMINATION, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism gives wrongful monopoly power to ignorant, prejudiced, incompetent and corrupted people – at the expense and risk of not only minorities but also of some of the temporary majorities. – JZ, 30.7.98, 16.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism imprisons the innocents, the pioneers and the liberators as well as the voluntary victims and the criminal offenders against human rights. - JZ, 21.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism in the political, economic and social sphere is the equivalent to religious intolerance, despotism and persecution. Territorial monopolies amount to secular and monopolistic, hierarchical and despotic churches, never mind their democratic and republic camouflages and shadings or pretences. Territorialism makes true representation and full consent of all of its victims impossible. At best it can represent only its volunteers and for that it does not need territorial powers. By putting both, followers and opponents under its "protective" wings it weakens itself, increases its problems and shortens the life-span of every territorial regime. In the age of ABC mass murder devices it even threatens the survival of man. - JZ, 6.10.99 & 26.6.01, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism is a despotic to murderous idea and practice. – JZ, 24.8.98.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism is all too compromising to allow justice and good sense to prevail. It forces the wise to bear the wrongs and damages from the irresponsible actions of fools and power-mad people. J. Z. 12.6.92, 7.1.93.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism is insufficiently representative. Only voluntarism can achieve sufficient representation. - On the day of another NSW territorial election with compulsory participation. Which leaves me, under secret voting and the threat of a $ 55 fine for not participating in this "voting", only the option of voting "informally", i.e. crossing out all the candidates and parties and adding some comment like the above. An entry like: "None of the above!" is not on the ballot paper. - All of this farce runs under notions like "the" right to vote, "representation", “elections", "choice", "consent", "free country", "democracy" and "mandate" - JZ, 26.3.11,
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism is largely identical with imperialism and gangsterism. - STATES, RULERS, NATIONS, CONQUESTS, SOVEREIGNTY. - JZ 8.1.93.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism is not the answer to dreams, prayers, wishes or sound reasoning. It has nothing else to offer us than delusions and disappointments. - JZ, 7.8.99.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism is the denial of freedom of association, voluntarism, individual sovereignty, individual secessionism, freedom of action, freedom of contract, laissez faire, competition, free markets, cooperation, society, peaceful coexistence, harmony, diversity, choice, even of human nature. - JZ, 29.1.02.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism is the greatest hazard to health, liberty, life and limbs. - JZ, 24.3.04.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism is the pest of our times. Panarchism is its cure. Territorial voting maintains this pest in combination with all kinds of delusions among voters and politicians. Only individual secessionism and exterritorial autonomy can lead to genuine liberation and self-government. - JZ, 24.3.04.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism is the unjustified, unnecessary, unnoticed and thus unchecked premise in most political, economic and social doctrines or theories and projects of a statist nature. – JZ, n.d. & 18.10.07. – Can one repeat certain truths too often and in too many ways - before they are generally recognized as truths? – JZ,
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism kills! - JZ, 24.3.04. (That is, probably, the shortest version still – until the term “territorialism” itself becomes a swear word. - JZ, 4.2.12.)
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism leads to ghettos, apartheid, oppression, exploitation, refugee and concentration camps and to more or less organized mass murders. It is the major problem and not the solution. – JZ, 20.?.02. – PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM VS. TERRITORIAL INTOLERANCE, DESPOTISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, TYRANNY, MASS MURDERS, PROBLEMS, CRISES
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism leads to the worst terrorism. – JZ, 2/75.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism leaves us glued down or throws us down, restricts and robs us in many ways, of many of our rights, liberties and opportunities. Only full exterritorial autonomy for volunteers would allow us to climb up and up, by our own efforts, with out own means, ideas, knowledge and talents. – JZ, 25.8.08, 16.7.08. – It is absurd to expect enlightenment, rights, liberties, progress, prosperity, peace and justice from its politicians and bureaucrats, their laws and institutions. – JZ, 16.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism limits man and his societies just like the availability of natural caves limited his caveman ancestors. – JZ, 4.1.00.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism maximizes infighting and in the process can easily slip from its better forms into its worst forms, from representative or direct democracy into despotism and even totalitarian tyrannies. Panarchistic free competition, on the other hand, between a great variety of diverse panarchies of volunteers, would minimize internal and external conflicts and maximize harmonious interrelationships between like-minded people and this without setting them into conflict with dissenting outsiders or even insiders. When internal dissent becomes strong enough then the dissenters would simply leave. Everyone would be free to do the own things at the own expense and risk – and that should keep them busy enough. Each would be free to try to convert outsiders by setting the best possible example with his own system, with the best possible support, namely that of like-minded volunteers. The deficiency of internal dissent would be well enough substituted by external criticism and the examples set by other systems and communities of volunteers. Each system could thus spread fast, peacefully and widely, if it has enough merits. It would not depend on military power, conquests and domination or upon first persuading a majority. I could be continued freely as long as it still has any followers. It could also fail without involving the whole population in its crisis. And it could be revived, even after having failed previously, by other volunteers still upholding the same flawed views. It would advance and develop as well as resist by not resisting and not prohibiting but simply letting responsibility fall where it is due. – JZ, 24.3.09. - INFIGHTING, PANARCHISM, PARTY POLITICS, TERRITORIALISM, COERCIVE COLLECTIVISM VS. VOLUNTARISM
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism means war or civil war, openly or smoldering, via open or threatening territorial oppression. -JZ, 20.10.92, 4.1.93. - It is also a very fertile breeding ground for terrorism, in combination with notions of "collective responsibility". - JZ, 9.12.03.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism occupies all too much “territory” in most people’s heads and also in most people’s lives. – JZ, 4.9.93, 19.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism offers no solution to the problems of territorialism. Smaller territories offer no solution to the problems of territorial sovereignty. They can even increase them, since the rulers of larger territories tend to become somewhat tolerant of minority groups, even protective towards some of them, as long as they do not insist upon full exterritorial autonomy for themselves and other minorities. - JZ, 22.12.92, 4.1.93, 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism robs people by taxation, inflation, deflation, monopolies and conscription. It misrules dissenters and murders innocent people. It amounts to majority or minority despotism and thus feeds terrorism of either the private or the official kind. It turns all people into victims or victimizers. - JZ, 24.3.04. (Compare the old saying about our choices being confined to become either anvils or hammers.)
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism spreads coercion and violence over whole territories and populations, with the same wrongful pretensions that were once raised e.g. for the Catholic Church and the absolutist monarchs by "divine rights". - JZ, 23.3.91, 10.1.93.
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialism, its Negative to Catastrophic Aspects, Inherent in the System & its Institutions, even in its democratic or republican, constitutional or limited government forms ("J'accuse!"): Compulsory membership, enforced unity, centralization and monopoly institutions, uniformly imposed jurisdiction of one type or the other. Imposed "panaceas", ideas, ideologies, theories, policies and platforms. Leading inevitably at least to party struggles, majority despotism, bureaucracy, corruption, resistance (passive and active), even terrorism, bloody revolutions, civil wars, dictatorships and international wars. Territorialism means: no just peace and no just or merely defensive war but, rather, massive victimization in peace and war. - JZ to Joe Toscana, March 96, slightly revised: 14.8.12. - Territorial and coercive monopolism hasn't offered any generally satisfactory solutions in the past or present and is not likely to do so in the future. Its very nature and the diverse nature and interests and ideas of man prevent that. Their territorial "solutions" involve more aggression than defence, more injustice than justice, more crime rather than less crime, more poverty rather than less, more unemployment and inflation rather than none. They are not even ashamed of sending refugees back to their despotic rulers. Territorial sovereignty and "independence" has many and unavoidable wrongs, flaws and risks and may still bring about a general holocaust. It is in no way better than coercive and exclusive religious hierarchies were. - National territories are not rightful war aims but, rather, amount to a permanent war situation towards other such States, at best an armistice, and, internally, more or less a subjugation of all dissenting minority groups. Such a subjugation is not always easy to achieve - as is presently indicated e.g. by the events in Afghanistan, Iraq and Israel - not to speak of numerous others. - JZ, n.d. & 22.9.04.
TERRITORIALISM: TERRITORIALISM, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, GODS, CHARITY, ABORTION & CHILDREN: We should no more put our trust in territorial politicians and bureaucrats than in a God, as a loving and caring father and protector for "his children". – JZ, 21.1.04. - According to some surveys done by organizations making charitable appeals, every day 30,000 to 40.000 children die from hunger, disease or abuse or are murdered outright. Probably even more are murdered every day by their parents, with medical assistance, before they are even born. I consider the latter mass murders of innocents to be even worse because they are not committed by strangers. The charities argue that a dollar a day could assure for each of these kids survival, health and schooling. I say, that kids, at least above 5 or 6, if completely free, could easily come to earn more than a dollar a day, in return for one to a few hours of light labor. - Child labor is not evil in itself. But it must be quite free, self-chosen und unexploited and under public scrutiny. - Younger children, without parents or other guardians, should be considered credit-worthy, on a stable value basis, until they can repay their upbringing costs via free und unexploited labor. - JZ, 24.3.04. – CHARITY, CHILD LABOR, PERSONAL LOAN CREDITS FOR THE UPBRINGING OF CHILDREN
TERRITORIALISM: Territorialists are essentially power-mad, obsessed with monopolies, centralism, coercion and terrorism. Just look at their immense armed forced to keep themselves in power and the ABC mass murder devices they have prepared and keep in readiness. They only thing they can guaranty is insecurity, injustice, premature deaths, destruction or confiscation (tax tributes, eminent domain, nationalization, municipalization) of property, prevention or reduction of production and exchange, poverty, stagnation, inflation, deflation, economic crises, mass unemployment, bureaucracy, corruption, a slowing down of progress and enlightenment, wars, revolutions, oppression, civil wars and terrorism. Do we really need them for these effects? - JZ, 30.3.01, 24.6.01. - Or for any others that are really justified? - JZ, 22.9.04. – Certainly, we do need justice, peace, freedom, progress, enlightenment – but do territorial governments provide them? – J.Z., 14.8.12. – Q.
TERRITORIALISM: the best that you can escape to is some more camouflaged form of imprisonment than we provide …” - Thomas M. Disch, The Prisoner, p.79. - STATES, EMIGRATION, ESCAPE, NATION-STATES AS PRISONS
TERRITORIALISM: The biologist learns from the historian that the causes of war have been various, the chief among them having been feuds relating to possessions, power, and prestige between politically dominant families and dynasties; quarrels between human societies or sections thereof concerning the political and economic domination of territory; the clash of irreconcilable political and social ideologies or religious fanaticism, and the competition of rival commercial interests in the search for bullion, raw materials or markets.” – F. A. E. Crew, Must Man Wage War? Thrift Books, London, 1952. – Without the legalization of territorial privileges or monopolies, how many other factors than territorialism would really be effective in causing wars? – JZ, 26.7.08. - WAR, CAUSES OF WAR, Q.
TERRITORIALISM: The climate of rivalry that prepared the terrain for the outbreak of the First World War is poignantly presented in A. J. P. Taylor (1954) The Struggle for Mastery in Europe, 1848-1918, Oxford University Press, Oxford. - In the opening is found the famous sentence that ascribes the "bellum omnium contra omnes" not to the state of nature but to the state "tout court" (i.e. to the state as political institution, territorial and monopolistic). - Gian Piero de Bellis in his "Waiting for the bomb." - Appendix: Waiting for the Bomb? - WARFARE STATE, STATISM
TERRITORIALISM: The common denominator in all government activity is the use of force: Government either forces you to do things, forces you not to do things, or forces you to pay for things.” – Doug Newman - TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS AMOUNT TO FORCE, NOT PERSUASION, APART FROM THE POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES THEY UPHOLD FOR THEIR PURPOSES
TERRITORIALISM: The evil is made up of the will to power in man, expressed in the coercion or domination of man by man ...” - R. V. Sampson: The Discovery of Peace, p.187. - Other dirty notions in this muddle: Strength, unity, uniformity, equality, tribalism, monopolism, centralism, power. - JZ, 19.11.02.
TERRITORIALISM: The existence of an open or suppressed opposition (however multiple and varied) is the common feature of all territorial States. In other words, they carry the germs of their own destruction within them. - JZ, 2.6.82. - Usually there is not just one opposing force but numerous and different groups in opposition. Alas, practically all of them are territorialists, too and want to be top dogs. - JZ, 19.11.02. - Alas, these counter-forces are also full of territorialist myths, errors and prejudices and so the same territorial domination messes continue over and over again. – 26.7.08. – As soon as they are no longer territorialists, the days of the territorial States are numbered. – J.Z., 4.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: The fact that man must adhere to the policy of his government, whether he likes it or not, is the cause of all revolutions.” – Le Grand E. Day, THE CONNECTION 150, p.77. Day’s book on “multi-government, closely related to panarchism, is online at www.panarchy.org
TERRITORIALISM: the famous declaration of August 18, 1792: ‘A State that is truly free ought not to suffer within its bosom any corporation, not even such as being dedicated to public instruction, having merited well of the country.’ - David Nicholls, The Pluralistic State, 1975, p.162/63. – Territorial politicians still “think” like absolute kings did. All too many of his higher bureaucrats do also have their “imperialist” ambitions and try to expand the power and manpower of their departments. Policemen do not even with honest people to have guns for self-defence. They rather favor victim-disarmament. – J.Z., 14.8.12. - STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, CORPORATIONS, TERRITORIAL MONOPOLIES, SELF-MANAGEMENT, AUTONOMY, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, STATES WITHIN STATES, INTOLERANCE
TERRITORIALISM: The greatest killer, mass murderer, oppressor and also obstacle to progress, peace, justice, freedom, wealth – finally and partly unmasked and considered to be guilty on all charges, at least by some people, in some writings and talks: Territorialism, i.e. exclusive and coercive territorial rule, in preparation for its general conviction, sentencing and execution. – JZ, 28.8.95, 18.7.08. – WAR, OPPRESSION, TYRANNY
TERRITORIALISM: The important conceptual shift will remove the nation-state from its status as an organization ‘above’ other organizations.” – Frederick C. Thayer, An End to Hierarchy! An End to Competition! Organizing the Politics and Economics of Survival. – NEW VIEWPOINTS, N.Y. 1973, p.179. – I agree at most only with half the title and half the book. I stopped reading it closely because what I perceived to be nonsense on page 133 proved to be too much for me. But today’s skimming of the rest showed me at least some almost panarchistic remarks on p. 179/189. I leave it to others to find other pearls in this book. One person can only read so much. – JZ, 26.3.009. - NATION STATE, HIERARCHIES, PANARCHISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY
TERRITORIALISM: The in and out game of territorial politics, with its voting, all to promising campaigns, compromises, taxes, budgets and its superficial catchwords, lies, deceptions and cover-ups, corruption and waste of tax “revenues” and manpower, "fucks up" (*) everybody more or less. No one gets what he really wants and only what he wants. Everybody pays for the mistakes of others and is kept from realizing his own political, economic and social ideals for himself. No democratic or republican pretences can sufficiently cover up the inherent despotism of it. Rape is not justified by making it general or mutual or "representational". - JZ, 19.5.99, 28.6.01. - (*) messes up the lives of almost everybody, more or less, even those of the leaders, misleaders, monopolists and subsided people. That was well expressed by someone, who renamed the “war against poverty” a “war against the poor”. – For just one small instance: Look under COMPULSORY LICENSING. - JZ, 4.2.12.
TERRITORIALISM: the justification of the government's power [is] in no way derived from the (morally) irrelevant question of geographical extent. [It can only be based on the individual's delegation to the government to act as his or her agent.] Thus, so long as the State uses aggression to maintain its monopoly over (of? for? – J.Z.) physical force in a given area, it is immoral. When it stops and allows others to compete for customers by supplying the same legitimate service[s], it is no longer a State in the sense defined.” - Roy Childs, in Open Letter to Objectivists and Libertarians, Nov. 30, 1969, pp. 4 & 17, here quoted in THE VOLUNTARYIST, No. 90, 2/1998, p. 2. - STATE, COERCION, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, EXTERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM
TERRITORIALISM: The liberties of our country, the freedom of our civil constitution, are worth defending at all hazards; and it is our duty to defend them against all attacks ... It will bring an everlasting mark of infamy on the present generation, enlightened as it is, if we should suffer them to be wrested from us by violence without a struggle, or be cheated out of them by the artifices of false and designing men.” - Samuel Adams, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – Are they worth “defending” with ABC mass murder devices or have their all too limited liberties brought about the nuclear etc. holocaust threat in the first place and prolong it? – JZ, 10.1.08. - TERRITORIAL NATIONALISM CONSTITUTIONALISM, REPUBLICANISM & LIBERTIES, DIS., NUCLEAR WAR THREAT
TERRITORIALISM: The modern world, with its ideologies, socialism, communism capitalism, aspirations, hopes, achievements, progress and all, is so geared as to render us impotent, helpless and doomed.” - Kevork Ajemian, The Fallacy of Modern Politics, Books International, PO Box 6096, McLean, Virginia 22106, 1986, Tel. (703) 821-8900, p.165. – DEMOCRACY, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, STATISM
TERRITORIALISM: the moment of peace and perfection was the moment at which this wall was torn down and the last territorial possession was renounced, so that there was nothing to defend and, therefore, nothing to fight for.” - Morris West, The Tower of Babel, p.130. - At least not on a territorial scale and on the backs of involuntary victims, collectively and coercively manipulated and sacrificed. - JZ, 6.10.01. – Actually, the less territorial powers are valued and fought for, the richer people tend to get in private properties, gained through free and peaceful production and exchange. – JZ, 14.4.09. - PEACE & WAR, WEALTH & POVERTY, PRODUCTIVITY & FREEDOM
TERRITORIALISM: The monopoly of territorial government to undertake political, economic and social experiments must be abolished. All groups, societies and communities of volunteers must finally get full experimental freedom. That means that territorial governments and compulsory membership or subordination to them must become abolished. How wrong they are is indicated by the extreme case: their “armament” with ABC mass murder devices, which are, obviously, not directed against criminal foreign governments but only against the victims of such governments.” – JZ, 16.6.04, 19.10.07. - TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY & GOVERNMENTS
TERRITORIALISM: The monopoly of territorial legislation and institutions ought to be abolished, like every other monopoly legally imposed upon peaceful dissenters. Actually, with the territorial monopoly all the other territorially legalized monopolies would disappear as well. – JZ, 7.4.04, 19.10.07. – Except those, which volunteers, in their own communities do establish and maintain, as long as they wish to do so. – J.Z., 14.8l.12. - TERRITORIAL LEGISLATION, INSTITUTIONS, POWER & MONOPOLY
TERRITORIALISM: The more a nation reduces its territory the more it approaches freedom and strengthens its unity. – JZ, n.d., after reading, Daniel Guerin “Anarchismus” p.62, on Proudhon: The more a city (read: a Nation) expands its territory, the more it approaches tyranny and provokes its dissolution.” – Naturally, the opposite is true as well. Once a “nation” and its “sovereignty” is reduced to the individual volunteers and their kind of sovereignty in the form of full exterritorial autonomy under personal law, only then can genuine “nation-building” or really free societies begin, because, then they are all only formed by volunteers and are all confined to exterritorial autonomy. By now this can still not be repeated too often. – JZ, 17.9.07, 4.2.12. - & DECENTRALIZATION, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, NATION BUILDING, GENUINE
TERRITORIALISM: The most fundamental purpose of government is defense, not empire.” – Joseph Sobran (1995) - Alas, all territorial governments are inherently imperialistic, in their internal as well as in their external policies and as such not defensive but rather aggressive institutions. Can tigers be turned into guard dogs? Wishful thinking does not make them so. The best of wishful thinking on "limited" but territorial governments has turned into the Federal Government of the USA, with its imperialistic and despotic tendencies. Fichte's 1793 teachings, in his book on the French Revolution have been ignored: The essence of every revolution is individual secessionism, followed by full exterritorial autonomy for all kinds of secessionists, under their own personal law. As soon as it gets away from that rightful path, every revolution becomes more and more “betrayed”. It goes astray and all too often achieves only the opposite of what it tried to achieve. - In his nationalistic fervor against the despotism of Napoleon I, J. G. Fichte, himself, a few years later, became a territorial nationalist, fundamentalist and even a totalitarian, unable or unwilling to apply his earlier insights. In fighting situations men become all too often fighting-mad, instead of remaining reasoning and moral animals. - Territorial governments are not rightful and sensible institutions for defence. On the contrary! As territorial governments they tend to run wild, against "foreigners" and "subjects". - How many governments have ever practised only quite rightful war and peace aims and this with quite rightful defence methods? - JZ, 26. 11. 06. – I do not know of a single instance. Do you? – JZ, 4.2.12.
DEFENCE, GOVERNMENT, IMPERIALISM, DIS.
TERRITORIALISM: The murderous Moloch Cult lives on - in form of territorial nationalism. As such it is even more murderous, wrong and senseless than this ancient cult ever was – and less questioned and criticized. – JZ 28.12.93. - NATIONALISM, MOLOCH CULT, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: The national land monopoly is as absurd as changing the simple rule: “First come, first served!” to: “First come, only one served!” – JZ, 15.9.97. Anyhow, it is unlikely that many territories, turned into States at one stage or the other, are still only in the hands of the first comers. – JZ, 16.7.08. - NATIONAL LAND MONOPOLY, STATES, TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY, INTERNAL AFFAIRS, DIS.
TERRITORIALISM: the persistently fiendish treatment of man by man; the perpetual effort of society to establish law, and the perpetual revolt of society against the law it had established; the perpetual building up of authority by force, and the perpetual appeal to force to overthrow it; the perpetual symbolism of a higher law, and the perpetual relapse to a lower one; the perpetual victory of the principles of freedom, and their perpetual conversion into principles of power; but the staggering problem was the outlook ahead into the despotism of artificial order which nature abhorred.” - Henry Adams, The Education of Henry Adams, 1907. - UNIFORMITY, COERCION, COMPULSION, ORDER, FREEDOM, SOCIETY, CRUELTY, MAN, DOMINATION, AUTHORITY, POWER
TERRITORIALISM: the pluralistic theory of the state … It agrees with Mr. [A. E.] Zimmern that a state is a territorial society divided into government and subjects, but it differs, as you will observe from his definition in that it makes no assumptions as to the authority a government should posses. And the reason for this fact is simply that it is consistently experimental in temper. …” - H. J. Laski, The Pluralist State, in David Nicholls: The Pluralist State, p. 149. - Actually, the territorial State monopolizes experiments in the political, economic and social spheres and makes them difficult to achieve but once effectively and legally introduced, wrongfully imposes them upon all dissenters. Without this monopoly the territorial State would disappear, theoretically already with the very first successful individual secession, which would soon be followed by many others, thus reducing the formerly territorial State to a community of its remaining volunteers, with its laws being turned into personal law, for them only. – JZ, 26.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: The Political Reformation in Europe will come by questioning, for instance, the whole philosophy of patriotism, the morality or the validity, in terms of human well-being, of a principle like that of ‘my country, right or wrong”; by questioning whether a people really benefit by enlarging the frontiers of their State; whether ‘greatness’ in a nation particularly matters; whether the man of the small State is not in all the great human values the equal of the man of the great Empire; whether the real problems of life are greatly affected by the colour of the flag; whether we have not loyalties to other things as well as to our State; whether we do not in our demand for national sovereignty ignore international obligations without which the nations can have neither security nor freedom; whether we should not refuse to kill or horribly mutilate a man merely because we differ from him in politics.” - Norman Angell, Human Nature and the Peace Problem, 1925, p.132. – STATISM, LOYALTY, NATIONALISM, NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY, PATRIOTISM, MORALITY, PANARCHISM, Q.
TERRITORIALISM: The politics of the “blood and soil” States is rather blood-soaked and dirty. – JZ, 15.2.87. – WAR, CIVIL WAR, REVOLUTIONS, TERRORISM, DIS.
TERRITORIALISM: The poverty of territorial political ideas was well exemplified by Richard Nixon. Did he really know and apply a correct solution to any problem? Did most of his opponents, predecessors and successors? – JZ, 12.8.06, after seeing the movie “Nixon”. - TERRITORIAL POLITICS, POLITICS AS USUAL, RICHARD NIXON, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS
TERRITORIALISM: The power, complexity, and instability of the geopolitical universe is beyond our comprehension.” - Newt Gingrich, Window of Opportunity, A Blueprint for the Future, p.137. - Treating the world as a geopolitical problem IS the problem! - J. Z., 26.6.00. Geopolitics offers no solutions - only more and more problems. - JZ, 23.1.02. - & GEOPOLITICS, PANARCHISM, POWER, WARS, PEACE, DICTATORSHIPS, INSTABILITY, REVOLUTIONS, PROBLEMS
TERRITORIALISM: The reservation-mentality: You draw a line, anywhere at all on the map, and say: Right you folks, just stay north of the border, and you have put them in a reservation. No matter how big it is, …” - Edmund Cooper, The War Games of Zelos. – Finally an end to all reservation policies, not only the religious and racial reservations, but even the national and ideological ones. – JZ, 12.4.84.
TERRITORIALISM: The single most exciting thing you encounter in government is competence, because it’s so rare.” – Daniel Patrick Moynihan (1976) - Territorial government is, by its very nature, largely incompetent. Only incompetents desire territorial governments for themselves. - Let them have their kind of government for themselves, but not territorial domination over any of the peaceful dissenters. Except all those from their rule and rules, who know better and prefer genuine self-government for themselves, resulting from the free choice for all individuals to choose their own governance or self-governance systems, legislation and public institutions in communities of volunteers, which are exterritorially fully autonomous. - Mostly territorial States can only “think” of the big stick, monopolies, bailouts and further taxes, wrongful laws and regulations. – JZ, 22. 11. 06, 14.4.09, 24.3.11, 14.8.12. - GOVERNMENT, INCOMPETENT MOSTLY, COMPETENCE VERY RARE, PANARCHISM AS GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT FOR VOLUNTEERS ONLY
TERRITORIALISM: The terms "my country", "my people", "my race", "my nationality"", "my culture", "fatherland" and "motherland" have become very misleading categories causing numerous wrongful actions, even mass murder and genocide when combined with notions of "territorial integrity", "equality before the law", "collective responsibility", "running a country" and may now lead to a world-wide holocaust conducted with ABC mass murder devices. - JZ, 28.1.02, 24.3.11. - VS. THE EXTERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE OR PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: The territorial problem is territorially unsolvable. – JZ, 25.4.88.
TERRITORIALISM: The territorial State "destroyed the root of all true association", namely voluntarism. - JZ, 20.3.81, 24.3.11, quoting Rocker: Nationalism and Culture, p.178.
TERRITORIALISM: the transfer of the psychology of Nationalism to the industrial field has the same effect of Balkanization. We get in both areas, not the definite triumph of a cohesive group putting into operation a clear-cut and understandable program or policy, but the chaotic conflict of an infinite number of groups unable to co-operate effectively for any program.” - Norman Angell, Human Nature and the Peace Problem, 1925, p.74. – Actually, under Turkish rule there was considerable tolerance for diverse communities along the lines of their religious differences. Territorial nationalism destroyed that degree of tolerance, which was practised for centuries in the “millet” system or “dhimmies” – They were far from perfect but a step in the right direction. – JZ, 8.10.08. – BALKANIZATION, FRAGMENTATION, INTOLERANCE & FACTION FIGHTING UNDER TERRITORIAL NATIONALISM, MILLET SYSTEM, DHIMMIES, MINORITY AUTONOMY FOR RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES
TERRITORIALISM: The ultimate consequence of territorialism is MAD: Mutual Assured Destruction, the general genocide via ABC mass murder devices, imposed upon mankind by its supposed protectors, armed with these anti-people “weapons”. – JZ, 25.8.98, 17.7.08. - PEACE PLANS 16-17: www.butterbach.net/epinfo/abc.htm
TERRITORIALISM: The world is simply too vast, too complex, to be ruled or contained by any one people or system. No power yet has ever proved equal to the task; almost certainly, no power ever will. …” Fred J. Cook, The Warfare State, Jonathan Cape, 1962, p.351. - Alas, F. J. C. also did not consider the exterritorialist autonomy alternative, in which all powers are confined to their volunteers and targets for mass extermination devices, as well as motives and means for them would, thereby, disappear. – JZ, 6.10.07, 24.3.11. - POWER & DIVERSITY
TERRITORIALISM: There are numerous problems inherent in territorialism – and no territorial solutions at all. – JZ, 28.4.93. - Well, some quarantine requirements may be considered exceptional, likewise regional decisions in favor of either left or right hand driving. Can you name many other examples where a territorial regulation or agreement is a must? - JZ, 28.3.93, 12.1.99. – Q.
TERRITORIALISM: There is a cost to giving in to the demands of existing institutions for a sense of permanence: institutionalization destroys civilizations!” - Butler Shaffer, in speech: “The Failure of Governments to Limit State Power”, as reviewed in FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS. 12/07, p.14. – Alas, he still does not distinguish between territorial institutions with central monopoly powers ruling over many others than their own volunteers and communities and societies that have only voluntary members and are only exterritorially autonomous and from which one can freely secede. – Voluntary institutions can also be permanent – but harm only their own members. Churches are good examples for this. - JZ, 10.9.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY INSTEAD OF TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY POWER, INSTITUTIONS & CORPORATIONS WITH PRIVILEGES VS. COMPETITIVE COMPANIES
TERRITORIALISM: There is no just or satisfactory territorial solution. - JZ, 29.3.01.
TERRITORIALISM: There is no territorial and military or political power and taxation or hand-out solution to the problems caused by territorial political, economic and social systems. They do inevitably lead to internal despotism of one kind or the other, also to violent revolutions and civil wars, turn even democracies into tyrannies, promote mass murders and minimize individual satisfactions and achievements. – JZ, 26.3.04, 24.3.09. – CIVIL WARS, REVOLUTIONS, WARS, MASS MURDERS, DESPOTISM, ECONOMIC CRISES, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM, INFLATION, MASS UNEMPLOYMENT, POVERTY
TERRITORIALISM: There is no territorial solution to territorial problems, created by territorialism, in the same way as there is no cancer solution to the cancer problem, criminal solution to the problem posed by criminals. - JZ, 5.12.92. – Unless we become able to create a special cancer that would attack and destroy only ordinary cancers. – JZ, 20.7.08. - However, poisons, in homeopathic doses, can act as powerful medicines. Similarly, perhaps, the ideas and opinions of panarchism could come to act as cures for many of the major remaining problems of the world, if one can get people to swallow this medicine or if they let themselves be injected with it – of infected by its ideas. - JZ, 9.12.03, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: These conflicts, in so far as the Great Powers were concerned, had been in practically every case over territory, or roads to territory; over Madagascar, Egypt, Marocco, Korea, Mongolia; ‘warm water’ ports, the division of Africa, the partitioning of China, loans thereto and concessions therein; the Persian Gulf, the Bagdad Railway, the Panama Canal. …” - Norman Angell, Human Nature and the Peace Problem, 1925, p.141. - WAR
TERRITORIALISM: These States constitute broad rivers of wrongful, false, self-defeating, impoverishing and conflict-promoting decision-making.” – JZ: 17.4.04, 14.8.12. – All too often they provide us with floods of wrongful decisions, policies and legislation and, at all times, by their territorial monopolies, also with a barrenness of self-help options, just like they provide inflationary and deflationary phenomena, governmental propaganda and lack of real education at the same time. – JZ, 19.10.07. – When all creativity and reforms is confined to a few decision-makers at the top of the hierarchy ruling over a whole country then very little of genuine creativity and reforms is to be expected. – J.Z., 14.8.12. – Release all creative energies! – Leonard E. Read. - TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS
TERRITORIALISM: they would have to force everybody to believe and do the right thing - or else.” - Mark Clifton and Frank Riley, They'd Rather Be Right, ASTOUNDING SF, Nov. 1954, p.128. - Not the power to enforce what is, objectively, the right thing, is the problem, but the territorial power to enforce wrongs upon dissenters, or things or actions which dissenters believe to be wrong. - JZ, 3.2.02, 14.8.12. - STATES, POWER, DICTOCRACY, COERCION, FORCE, INTOLERANCE, IMPOSED UNIFORMITY
TERRITORIALISM: Thirdly, the “sovereign” State is possessed of a supreme power which is exercised without responsibility”. - Jacques Maritain, Man & The State, ed. by Richard O’Sullivan, London, Hollis & Carter, 1954, p.45. - The political territorial leader or misleader usually becomes retired after a while, for some of his misdeeds, prematurely and against his will, because he is no longer popular enough. He is then retired at a huge pension, at the expense of the taxpayers, and also being treated as an honorable “elder statesmen”, still making too much from the fools, by speeches and his memoirs. That does not amount to being held responsible for all the wrongs and harm he has done as a territorial political leader while in office. Even if he were tried and executed, his single life could hardly make up for the numerous lives lost or messed up by his actions. - If he had, instead, represented only the volunteers of an exterritorially autonomous community, then this would be quite another matter. Their volunteering would have made them his consenting victims, as long as they did not secede from this community. – JZ, 29.9.07. - TERRITORIAL STATES, POWER WITHOUT RESPONSIBILITY, PANARCHISM
TERRITORIALISM: This anvil I compare to the country, the hammer with its ruler and the people the bowed sheet metal in-between. - Woe to the poor metal when arbitrary strikes strike it at random and never the ready kettle appears!” - Goethe, Epigramme, Venedig, 1790, JZ tr. of: ”Diesen Amboss vergleich’ ich das Land, den Hammer dem Herrscher // Und them Volke das Blech, das in der Mitte sich kruemmt. // Wehe dem arment Blech, wenn nur willkuerliche Schlaege // Ungewiss treffen, und nie fertig der Kessel ercheint!” – PEOPLE, GOVERNMENTS, ARBITRARY POWER, COUNTER-PRODUCTIVITY, VICTIMIZATION, TERRITORIALISM
TERRITORIALISM: This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing government, they can exercise their constitutional right of amending it, or their revolutionary right to dismember it or overthrow it." - Abraham Lincoln, 1838. – Apparently, he did neither consider the geographical nor the exterritorial secession and autonomy options. – JZ, 5.1.08. - COUNTRIES, PEOPLE, REVOLUTION S, REFORMS VS. INDIVIDUAL OR GROUP SECESSIONISM UNDER PERSONAL LAWS & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, LINCOLN, CIVIL WAR
TERRITORIALISM: This failure of the geographical unit to correspond to a genuine political unit is one of the factors responsible for the rise of territorialism.” (*) - W. H. Auden, p. 15, in: “I Believe”, “19 Personal Philosophies.” (Edited by?) – Also for the almost permanent power struggle between different political parties, sometimes leading to wars, civil wars and violent revolutions, putsches, military insurrections and all too often to despotism, even totalitarianism. Only under full experimental freedom for all voluntary communities could the best ones gradually win over most of the rest to their successful systems. – JZ, n.d. & 26.7.08. - (*) Purely logically, it should have led to a decline of territorialism. But in the minds of power-addicts the diversity of the local populations motivated them to try to "unify" them coercively, monopolistically and territorially. - JZ, 24.3.11. – According to this statement by Auden the very failure of a territorial unit led to the rise of territorialism. I don’t see the logic in that. This failure should have rather led to discarding territorialism and to trying out exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers. – But then this whole sphere, even the minds of supposed leaders and experts, was never dominated by knowledge, science, logic and ethics. – Auden’s conclusion was rather like: Since one size of shoes does not fit all subjects, they ought to be forced to wear one size of shoes only. – Or: Since all of them are not like-minded and thus obedient volunteers – let’s terrorize them into obedience! - J.Z., 14.8.12. – DIS., NATION-BUILDING, POWER-MONGERS
TERRITORIALISM: This is also noted by Assumptions about territory permeate legal systems. American law is no exception. Territoriality is a defining attribute of the Westphalian state, the model upon which the framers of the US Constitution based their aspirations for a new nation.” - Raustiala(2004). – In:RCBJ’s review of LIU?
TERRITORIALISM: This is an exasperating thing about Earth - in many ways they cling stubbornly to the cultural matrix that brought them to within a button-push of destroying humanity. On the WORLDS, at least we had the sense to junk it all and start over.” - Joe Haldeman: 26 Days on Earth, GALAXY, Nov/Dec. 72, p.86.
TERRITORIALISM: This is the path of a particularly virulent fanaticism and proceeds from the Inquisition, through the Terror and its guillotine, on to the totalitarian barbarities of our on time. Saint-Just, apologist for the French Revolution's terror, encapsulated this attitude in his remark: 'We must impose the yoke of liberty on the necks of the people'." - Henry M. Boettinger, Moving Mountains, p.23. - While objectively freedom is not a burden or an excessive risk, all too many people perceive it as such. Thus not only complete liberty but also degrees of liberty, any desired degrees, as well as any degrees of authoritarianism, should become optional for individuals. - JZ, 15.6.92, 13.1.93, 11.12.03.
TERRITORIALISM: Those who make peaceful change impossible make violent change inevitable.” - John F. Kennedy. - He, too, was unaware that democrats and republicans do likewise dominate dissenters and that they make peaceful and gradual change impossible by suppressing individual and minority group secessions. He deluded himself into thinking that the system preferred by him constituted already the pinnacle of freedom, even while he doubled the nuclear arsenal of the U.S., i.e., of its mass murder and mass destruction devices or anti-people or genocide “weapons”, and although he asserted that the regimes on the other side were imposed upon dissenting people by dictatorships and totalitarian regimes. Nevertheless, he targeted the people rather than their rulers, with one exception, and here he failed, too: He did not achieve the tyrannicide of Castro and, thereby, the liberation of most of the people of Cuba. - As a nuclear war-monger, he, too, deserved to be executed - but not by a madman or communist, or by some high-ranking internal conspiracy and competitors for his power. - JZ, 27.1.02. - WAR, PEACE, PANARCHY & EXTERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL & MINORITY RIGHTS
TERRITORIALISM: Those, who do not own much or any real estate, privately or cooperatively, do often dream of themselves as collective part owners of huge national territories. All such dreams have turned into nightmares. We have to wake up from them and became aware of our individual, private and cooperative exterritorial autonomy options – if we want to survive. – If we wanted to, we should be free to establish or to join even a world-wide peace, justice, free trade, free migration and free international investment or globalization organization or federation, even one that would fully recognize all our individual rights and liberties. But we should not be forced to belong to it, either and exterritorially there is room for several competing organizations of this kind, just like there is room for several world-wide religions, philosophies, ideologies, sports and arts movements. – JZ, 4.9,99. 20.7.08. - NATIONALISM, INTERNATIONALISM, COMPETITIVE & PEACEFULLY COEXISTING COSMOPOLITANISM & WORLD FEDERATIONS
TERRITORIALISM: To be left under collectivist and coercive territorial decision-making by a few officials has corrupted our moral sense, conscience, notions of right and wrong, of liberty, self-responsibility, reduced our self-defence and self-government options, our individual choices for giving or withholding consent and for individual decision-making. It has prevented us from growing up, becoming just, moral, rational, mature adult human beings. It has induced us to give up on much of our human nature, rights and liberties, giving up on being one’s own man, or woman, a free person. It has replaced these options by territorial, cumbersome, expensive, obstructive, destructive and murderous great machines, mismanaged by politicians and bureaucrats – for their advantage. – JZ, 20.8.86, 26.7.08, 24.3.11.
TERRITORIALISM: To each the government or non-governmental society of his/her choice.” – Richard Johnson in email 5.6.08. – That means exterritorial laissez faire capitalism, free enterprise, freedom of contract, freedom of association as far as possible and rightful. – email@example.com – www.gene-callahan.org/ or www.gene_callahan.org/ - It means much more: namely all kinds of statism also for all kinds of statists, all kinds of anarchism also for all kinds of anarchists, etc. – JZ, 19.7.08. – DIS.
TERRITORIALISM: To those who maintained what is currently called a "love it or leave it!" stance, Tucker replied: "By what right am I thrust into the alternatives of recognizing the machinery of the State as the only chance left me in rescuing my life, liberty and possessions from invasion?" - Wendy McElroy, in TOTAL LIBERTY, Spring 1999, quoting Tucker, LIBERTY ii, Dec. 9, 1882, p.2. - This popular fallacy assumes that for dissenters only the emigration option remains when they realize that they cannot persuade the territorially ruling majority or minority to change its minds within a reasonable period. But human rights are not so territorially limited. The list of individual rights that are now not fully recognized and realized, or not at all, is rather long and those as ignorant and prejudiced as to share the above prejudice should have only the right to determine their own fate, not that of others. - JZ, 1.2.02. - FREEDOM TO EMIGRATE, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL VOLUNTEERS, FREEDOM TO EMIGRATE, EVEN FREEDOM IMMIGRATE, IS NOT ENOUGH, DIS.
TERRITORIALISM: To Western political theorists the word ‘government’ has always really covered two quite disparate but arbitrarily (*) associated functions – an organization for the planning and carrying out of social operations, economic schemes, utilities; and a set of institutions enabling power-minded individuals to dramatize and act out their wishes through social operations, generally to the detriment of the constructive institution.” – Alex Comfort, Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power, 1950, 1970, p.121, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print and off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. – Individual and groups secessionism and the voluntarism of competing and only exterritorially autonomous communities would allow both aims to be realized while minimizing wrongs and damages and keeping the peace. – (*) territorially! – JZ, 15.9.07. –
TERRITORIALISM: Today a restriction of freedom of action and experimentation and autonomy, in the territorial sphere of supposedly rightful and necessary State functions, is generally considered to be as justified, necessary and unavoidable as slavery, torture and feudal warfare once were. - JZ 8.4.89.
TERRITORIALISM: Treat others the way you want to be treated. – The Golden Rule. – Ron Paul, quoted in Facebook, 27.1.12. - He added: If preschoolers can understand this logic, then why can’t our politicians? Because they are territorialists and power addicts as well as power-mad. As such they are not satisfied with equal rights and liberties but want dominance, instead, not realizing that they, too, are merely all too imperfect human beings. – JZ, 28.1.12, 14.8.12. – DOMINATION, POLITICIANS, POWER URGE, POWER ADDICTION, POWER MADNESS, SUPERIORITY COMPLEX, BIG BROTHERS, TYRANTS, DESPOTS, DICTATORS, “REPRESENTATIVES”, RULERS, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS, GOLDEN RULE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, RON PAUL, POLITICIANS, ETHICS, MORALITY, NON-INTERVENTION, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, MUTUAL TOLERANCE
TERRITORIALISM: Under territorialism there were no generally satisfactory solutions in the past. There are no such solutions at present and they are rather unlikely to occur in the future. – JZ, 28.4.93, 11.1.99.
TERRITORIALISM: Under territorialism you have only the choice between being anvil or hammer - and most of us end up being hammered by a few dishonest politicians and bureaucrats. - JZ, 21.1.04.
TERRITORIALISM: Uniform, centralized, collective and imposed decision-making for whole countries and their populations is as disastrous in the political, economic and social spheres, i.e., as it would be in all others. – JZ, 25.8.98, 17.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: Up until now, most people … had operated by a working method which said if we don’t agree with you we will fight you.” – Kim Stanley Robinson, Blue Mars, p.14. - WARS, FIGHTING, INSISTENCE UPON UNIFORMITY, DISSENTERS, INTOLERANCE & FIGHTING VS. VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY
TERRITORIALISM: We are a nation of people with great ability and incredible power. But we have so limited our chances for personal action that we can only lament the spirit we have lost …” - Richard C. Cornuelle, Reclaiming the American Dream, A Vintage Book, p.63. – STATISM
TERRITORIALISM: We cannot solve the many problems caused by territorialism through the use of still more territorialism. – JZ, 1.2.12.
TERRITORIALISM: We cannot solve the problems of today with the same thinking that created the problem. - "Einstein's First Law"
TERRITORIALISM: We have to turn territorial beasts into exterritorially autonomous and self-governing humans. – JZ, 30.12.73, 26.7.08.
TERRITORIALISM: We propose a five-word constitutional amendment: There shall be open borders. People are the great resource, and so long as we keep our economy free, more people means more growth, the more the merrier. Study after study shows that even the most recent immigrants give more than they take." - WALL STREET JOURNAL - FRONTIERS, BORDERS, IMMIGRATION, FREE MIGRATION, OPEN BORDERS, NO FRONTIERS
TERRITORIALISM: We should not expect any economic, political and social system to operate as well as it could - if it were operated exclusively by volunteers, at their expense, risk and responsibility and under full exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 9.11.92.
TERRITORIALISM: We will spare no effort to find a peaceful solution.” – President Clinton, on radio, regarding Bosnia, 24.9.95. – He should have added: As long as I and the fighting groups do not have to deviate from our territorialism, which caused this civil war, too, in the first place. The exterritorial and voluntary autonomy solution should not be too hard to find for any president. Alas, they will not even look for it. – The mental effort to consider the exterritorialist alternatives seems to be too great for any president or prime minister and their advisors and also for the majority of most political “scientists”, journalists and writers of political and pacifist books. - JZ, n.d. & 18.7.08. – Not to speak of most of the present voters. – JZ, 14.8.12.
TERRITORIALISM: When it is said that “power corrupts” and “absolute power corrupts absolutely”, one should always add, for the sake of clarification, that territorial power is meant. – Exterritorial autonomy “power” is based upon and limited by individual consent and individual secessionism. To that extent it can never be very largely or even absolutely corrupting. It leaves the ultimate individual sovereignty and responsibility intact and is thus helpful and enlightening, rather than corrupting. – Numerous alternative societies and communities will also exist in the same country and compete freely with the worst systems and institutions. – Their nearby and better examples, almost daily observed by non-members, will be influential, finally even upon groups of fanatics and fundamentalists. - JZ, 16.10.93. – Only yesterday I read that some of the US small, old and traditionalist religious communities, through extensive intermarriage among members only, have become so inbred that genetic faults have multiplied among them and tend to threaten their continuance in the long run. – Nature has her own slow way to eliminate those, who do not adapt and develop sufficiently. – JZ, 19.7.08. - PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, REALLY LIMITING GOVERNMENTS, POWER
TERRITORIALISM: When one thinks only about territorial associations and "solutions", one will inevitably overlook the solutions that can only be achieved by exterritorialism. - JZ, 16.1.90.
TERRITORIALISM: When others resist the choices we have made for them, conflicts escalate and voraciously consume resources. A warring world is a poor one.” - Dr. Mary J. Ruwart, Healing Our World, introduction. - INTOLERANCE, RESISTANCE, REVOLUTIONS, CONFLICTS, WAR, POVERTY
TERRITORIALISM: When the warring parties inhabit different territorial areas, the scope for modern weapons becomes enormous, and the entire arsenal of mass devastation can come into play." - Murray N. Rothbard in: "War, Peace and the State", p.4. – Not only territorialism but collective responsibility notions are to be blamed here. The main enemies and culprits remain insufficiently defined and thus insufficiently resisted or even spared by a kind of “gentleman’s agreement” between the rulers. They would rather mutually slaughter their subjects than themselves. – Already Immanuel Kant, in his 1795 essay “Eternal Peace”, pointed out that all States, in which the “right” to decide upon war and peace is still monopolistically reserved to their rulers, are, thereby, essentially, still despotic regimes. – Now such monopolistic decision-making power can even decide upon the survival or destruction of mankind – as a “final solution” or general holocaust. – Nevertheless, it is barely questioned so far. -JZ, 14.4.09. – ENEMIES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT.
TERRITORIALISM: Why did Robert Ardrey, in his “The Territorial Imperative” assume that we did not, do not and cannot imitate or continue the behavior of non-territorial animals, like e.g. sparrows, galahs, whales, sharks, dolphins and some apes, even mentioned by Ardrey, whenever and wherever we are free to do so? After all, we did not stay in the spot where we developed into man and, instead, spread all over the world, sometimes even changing countries several times during a long life-span, given the chance, so that by now, at least in countries like the USA, Canada, New Zealand and Australia, people of almost all races, religions and ethnic backgrounds can be found, who broke their supposed inherent or natural territorial conditioning and limitations and made, as far as they could or wanted to, use of all of the “spaceship” earth. To assume that “nature” or our own nature always confined us to a particular territory only - has been refuted many millions of times by millions of people who made new homes and built up new careers in other countries, often very far from their birth places, often with different languages and customs, laws and institutions. To me it seems obvious that man, in spite of his remaining feelings for his birth-place and growing-up-place, is one of the least territorial animals. – If we had a written record for all of man’s history, we would probably find that he was far longer exterritorially organized, under personal laws, than he was territorially organized under territorial laws. – Territorial systems require coercion to be established and maintained. Man’s nature is somewhat but not fully influenced or made by his relatively recent territorial conditioning and the territorialist and statist propaganda machines and “mis-education”-systems. - JZ, n.d. & 26.7.08. – DIS., NATIONALISM, PATRIOTISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, Q.
TERRITORIALISM: Why do so many different kinds of animals, even in the wilderness, often get along better with each other in the same territories, than human beings do, and this although they are of numerous different species? The same species is only rarely warring against others of the same species, unless driven to it by starvation. The animals have largely learnt to leave each other alone. (They kill and eat each other, mostly, only to survive. - JZ, 23.4.11, 4.2.12.) Shouldn’t we, finally, be able to learn that as well? – JZ, 25.11.94, 18.7.08. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM, GOVERNMENTS
TERRITORIALISM: Why this uncritical and thoughtless commitment to territorial organizations, laws and jurisdictions, without ever seriously considering the exterritorial autonomy alternatives for volunteers and the experiences with them? Why this coercive territorial model instead of the exterritorial one based upon individual consent? Are just a host of errors, myths, prejudices, fallacies, wrong assumptions and wrong conclusions involved or are we merely the playthings of territorial statist censorship, propaganda and “education” campaigns? Who benefits from this system and who doesn’t? – A territorial instinct cannot be involved, because there is also the personal law and consular jurisdiction experience. The territorial model is predominant in minds and records - but it doesn't hold a quite exclusive sway, either. I hold that a host of prejudices and myths are involved. In combination, they do camouflage this flawed model or create a semi-solid foundation for it. Together, they form something like a religion of territorial statism, in which the primary dogma, the territorial one, is rarely ever seriously questioned even by supposedly radical opponents of States. - JZ, 23.4.87, 23.4.89, 2.7.89, 26.7.08. – Q.
TERRITORIALISM: Within territorial nations the territorial barriers and frontiers have been largely removed, apart from the imposition of territorial laws and institutions upon all their often very diverse population. These restrictions should be similarly removed world-wide, so that everywhere one could live under self-chosen laws, institutions and systems, while, naturally, respecting the private and cooperative property rights of others, who prefer to live under different systems, laws and institutions. – JZ, 7.5.82, 26.7.08. – Inviolable borders only around individuals and their voluntary associations, which implies also individual and group disassociations or secessionism and freedom for new kinds of associations for volunteers, ignoring majority opinions and the opinions of supposed experts. Each ought to become free to live alone or with others at the own expense and risk. – JZ, 17.4.09. – No more territorial victims and victimizers! – JZ, 4.2.12. - PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, BORDERS, FRONTIERS, COSMOPOLITANISM
TERRITORIALISM: Writing in partial sentences (for greater emphasis: the missing words function by forcing the reader to complete the Gestalt) Pound defines the theme of the Cantos, near the end, in two wistful clauses: “for something not brute force – in government – and … “ – Robert Anton Wilson, Illuminati Papers, p.109. – Only brute force can hold people territorially together – unless all of the people in a territory happen to agree with each other, a very unlikely and rare case. – JZ, 13.7.82, 216.7.08. – Either force or unanimous agreements are required for territorial regimes. And if any such agreement would be achieved, it could only be on the basis of equal liberty and autonomy for all, which would exclude dictators and subject citizens, or an agreement to engage in sadistic and masochistic activities. - Territorial government, unless all the people in a territory agreed with it on every point, has to use much brute force – legalized and defended by government courts – towards all those, who disagree with its decisions and try to do their own things. – JZ, 11.11.82, 26.7.08, 4.2.12.
TERRITORIALISM: you cannot draw boundaries which clearly segregate linguistic (*) groups. Every territorial division necessarily leaves minorities under foreign rule.” - Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.82. – Nevertheless, and to my knowledge, he never demanded full exterritorial autonomy for all minorities that desire it for themselves. - JZ, 19.11.02. – Obviously, there are numerous other distinctions between various kinds of peoples than merely those of different languages. Territorial despotism should neither be tolerated for languages nor for anything else that is peaceful or productive. – JZ, 14.4.09. - (*) and many other types of groups of volunteers. – JZ, 26.7.08. – MINORITIES
TERRITORIALISM: You do not have to share your private property but you ought to share "your" national etc. territories, because they where never rightfully your exclusive property. We are all citizens of this planet and born without any privileges towards any large segments of it. These territories, as opposed to private land holdings, are not and cannot become our exclusive private property. - JZ, 10.1.93. - From whom and how have "whole" nations or "peoples" acquired rightful possession of whole countries? Are the principles of "first occupation", of conquests or of governmental "purchases" quite rightful principles? Who could, in the last instance, rightfully sell a whole country? (*) There were instances in history in which whole countries and their peoples were legally combined even by mere marriages of the rulers or by planting a flag on a continent. Is that a rightful principle to be applied here? Are international treaties between government officials rightfully disposing of such possessions or are they, too, only instances of wrongful actions? – (*) in PEACE PLANS 19 C, offered digitized on www.panarchy.org, on a CD of mine reproduced there, I had suggested a thorough privatization of all government assets in Australia, giving each Australian an equal share, considering all of them as shareholders of these assets, with equal rights. That would have turned then, and would perhaps still, in inflated Australian dollars, every Australian into a millionaire. That premise of mine could be and has been questioned, e.g. by my father, who argued that as a human of this planet, he also had a right to his share of Australia. (I told him then: Well, try to get your share of Germany’s public assets first! – J.Z., 14.8.12.) – Anyhow, a beautiful and large privatization precedent could thus have been set, also as a start to introduce panarchism in Australia, for each Australian could have thus acquired about 1 million dollars in capital assets. As a result each Australian could have become an influential member of his kind of self-chosen panarchist utopia, within a meta-utopian (Nozick’s term) framework for all Australians. The world population would, probably, have been grateful to Australians if they had set this example and would not have questioned or tried to reverse this kind of redistributionism of all public assets in Australia. If they had, then Australians could have, likewise, claimed their share in all public assets of all of the States on this planet. - JZ, 10.9.04. – That example, set by Australia, would also have set an appealing example for the overthrow of all remaining territorial despotic States, with this kind of pot of gold at the end of a “rainbow” - I had assumed that all government debts would have to be repudiated – as “investments” in tax slaves and as such no more rightful than investments in living enslaved persons. – J.Z., 14.8.12. - PROPERTY, LAND, COUNTRIES, GOVERNMENTS, Q.
TERRITORIALISM: You know the words from the Bible: ‘Build not on sand, but on rock.’” – Solzhenitsyn, Words of Warning to the Western World, p. 22. – Territorialism is a foundation of sand for a free society. A free society can stand only upon the rock of individual consent. – JZ, 1.7.92. – But a totalitarian State can be built, for all too many years to decades, upon the rock of terror. S. did provide an example for this, on the same page: “Ten years in prison for saying there are “good roads in America.”
TERRITORIALISM: You see, no place on Earth is actually safe. Every square meter of the planet could be constructed as having belonged to someone else at some time in the past. The Native Americans could demand the United States back, the Saxons could demand England back from the Normans. (*) Siberia goes back to the Mongols. Kiev goes back to the Varangian Vikings. It goes on and on.” – Kevin J. Anderson, Climbing Olympus, HarperCollins Publishers, 1994, 209. - (*) And the Celts from them. And whom did they replace? – JZ, 19.9.07. - NATIVE LANDS, ABORIGINALS, LAND RIGHTS, NATIONALISM, OPPOSITE CLAIMS, RACIAL CLAIMS TO TERRITORIES OR HOMELANDS. Q., DIS.
TERRITORIALISM: You’ll never have a quiet world till you knock the patriotism out of the human race.” – George Bernard Shaw, O’Flaherty, V.C., 1915. – The territorial patriotism or nationalism! – JZ, 26.8.07. - PEACE, PATRIOTISM, TERRITORIALITY, TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION, 'TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY, DIS.
TERRITORIALIST INTOLERANCE & AUTHORITARIANISM & SOME OF ITS STANDARD EXCUSES: There are no painless solutions.” – “To make an omelet one has to break eggs.” – “To achieve something one has to make sacrifices.” - “One can win only at the expense of others”. – “Realpolitik” is a necessity. – All of these and similar expression try to justify using other people and what belongs to them as property, as pawns for one’s own projects, for projects that amount to zero sum games although they are advanced as being in the public or national interest. They indicate ruthlessness in using others and their property and labor for the own purposes, as if the end (which is here not rightful, either) would justify the means. They do deny the possibility of win-win agreements or true exchanges that benefit all participants and are characteristic for free societies. Panarchistic, voluntaristic communities, based upon full exterritorial autonomy, would demonstrate the invalidity of all these excuses and false pretences and would open up the road for moral and self-responsible politics, leadership or cooperative experiments. They would end territorial domination over involuntary subjects, the master and slave, the oppressive, paternalistic, “cannibalistic” and exploitative relationships. All prices to be paid, sacrifices to be made and risks to be taken would be on the shoulders of those volunteers only, who subscribed to any particular ideal and wanted to realize it. Since innovations are involved, some losses and failures would be inevitable. But they would be confined to the pioneers and they would have the chance to learn from their experience - until they finally find out what does work for them. Then the gains to be made by them, and all who would thereafter imitate their successes, would soon tend to exceed the initial losses. (As happens in any long-existing free enterprise business. – J.Z, 14.8.12.) At least for some of the initial panarchistic pioneer communities profits and successes would be immediate. They would, on the one hand, be freed from territorialist taxes and laws and on the other hand would directly benefit from the release of their creative energies and their use in a productive, anarchistic or libertarian way. Others would benefit only as much as their system would allow them to benefit. But they, too, would be able to shake off the burdens and restrictions that were formerly imposed upon them, to the extent that they would like to do so in their own exterritorially autonomous communities. The pioneering work involved would require most of their energies and attention, leaving little scope for frustration, hatred of and protest and resistance campaigns against the actions of others committed only in their own spheres. – JZ, 10.1.99, 22.9.04, 4.2.12. – DIS.
TERRITORIALIST PUBLIC SPHERES & EXTERRITORIALIST PRIVATE SPHERES: The only sure way of being free is to have a private sphere into which no-one can penetrate without permission. Private property is the chief but not the sole means by which this independence is secured." - H. B. Acton, Agenda for a Free Society Objectives. - This does still make too much of a concession to the supposed justification of and need for a "public sphere". I do hold that the private spheres ought to be at liberty to swallow up all public spheres except those based upon unanimous consent. That means that voluntaryism should apply to both and this requires also exterritorial autonomy for both and an end to all territorial privileges and powers. - JZ, 5.4.89, 8.4.89.
TERRITORIALISTS, WAR & PEACE: To most of the exclusive, coercive territorialists it seems justified and sensible to use high explosives, machine guns, mortars, bombs, and rockets against each other and to arm themselves even with territorial mass murder devices like ABC "weapons", rather than seriously examine, discuss and realize exterritorial autonomy for all volunteer groups as an alternative. - JZ, 16.10.92, 4.1.93.
TERRITORIALISTS: Self-given name of exterritorialist Jews (as opposed to territorial Zionist Jews), still living in the Czarist Empire: They wanted to achieve full exterritorial autonomy for themselves within the territory of the Russian Empire and thus gave themselves this name, which is rather misleading. - JZ, n.d.
TERRITORIALITY, CLASS WARFARE, WAR, RULING ELITES & POLITICS: Contrary to Marx, all of history is not the story of class warfare. That is a minor theme, and only heats up at a few critical points. Most of history is a war between competing groups of ruling (territorial - JZ) elites, all of whom escalate politics into conspiracy (*) when feeling threatened." - Robert Anton Wilson, "Right Where You Are Sitting Now", 96. - (*) I would put less stress upon conspiracies and stress that he was speaking about "territorial" elites, often consisting of elite criminals, in order to come closer to the truth. - JZ, n.d. & 10.12.03. - Under full monetary freedom and development of productive cooperatives the modern class warfare notions, practices and institutions would hardly have arisen. - JZ, 22.9.04.
TERRITORY, SOME DEFINITIONS: Ulrich von Beckerath an Kislat, 27. 7. 47: "Bei der Namengebung in einer Sprache, die doch ursprünglich dazu geschaffen ist, damit Jäger (Räuber) und Klatschweiber sich über ihren Kram darin verständigen, ist eine gewisse Willkür seitens des Namengebers unvermeidlich, und ist daher auch eine gewisse Toleranz seitens des Lesers erforderlich." (In giving words to something in a language originally created so that hunters robbers) and washer-women can communicate on their subjects, a certain arbitrariness on their side is inevitably and, therefore, also a certain tolerance from their readers is required.) - Like for many to most of our terms, there are also several meanings, applications and misunderstandings regarding "territories", "territorial" and "territorialism". Moreover, there are quite a few overlapping aspects or different aspects or degrees of relationships to which the term has been rightly or wrongly applied, in my opinion mostly wrongly. A by now classical case occurred when Robert Ardrey jumped to a conclusion on human behavior after observing the behavior of some animals, whose behavior related to certain blocks or areas or districts of land. The examples of non-territorial animals he barely mentioned or ignored and he drew no distinction between individuals, families, or herds in occupying certain territories - which also held much other wild-life, nor between nesting and offspring-protecting behavior from territorial rule behavior. - Even the lion does not rule the ants, flies and fleas - or the elephants and the rhinoceros or the crocodile or the birds and beetles far less the microbes. - I have begun to copy together some relevant definitions in some of my reference works. To try to do so for all that I have looked up would take me too much time at present, seeing my other projects on hand. You are invited to add those definitions that are easily accessible to you. That might spare me adding some more from my own collection. - The old saying: "Vive la difference!" applies here, too. There is not compulsion to accept for oneself any of the popular misconceptions and mix-ups. - However, all these misconceptions and mix-ups should become clearly stated and refuted as well. That would be a major job. - Likewise the full explanation of related terms and observations, which cover a wide range. For example, wrongful claims are made and legalized even for broadcasting electromagnetic waves. - I have made a few notes on the subject but haven't time at present to transcribe and edit them. - But I do invite you to make your own research and collection of terms and comments and do hope that you will communicate them to me. … - JZ, n.d. - - 1.) Gerhard Wahrig, Deutsches Woerterbuch, Bertelsmann Lexikon Verlag, 1968, 1977: Territorial: (Adj.) ein Territorium betreffend, zu ihm gehoerig, es beherrschend [frz. Territorial "zu einem (Staats)gebiet gehoerig, es betreffend"; >Territorium. - Territorialgewalt, Hoheitsgewalt ueber ein Terrritoriaum. - Territorialarmee, Landwehr; (in England) freiwillige Milize. - Territorialgewaesser, (n) zu einem an der Meereskueste liegenden Staat gehoeriges Seegebiet mit dem Durchfahrtsrecht fuer andere Staaten. - Territorialismus: Territorialsystem. - Territorialitaet, Zugehoerigkeit zu einem Territorium. - Territorialitaetsprinzip, Grundsatz, dass ein erworbenes Staatsgebiet in die Gewalt des erwerbenden Staates uebergeht; Grundsatz, dass jeder, der sich einem Staat aufhaelt, dessen Gewalt untersteht; <Rechtsw.> Anwendung der Rechtsordnung eines Staates auf Vorgaenge und Handlungen, die sich in seinem Territorium abgespielt haben. - Territorialsystem, - im Zeitalter des Absolutismus - Abhaengigkeit der Kirche vom Staatsoberhaupt. - Territorium, Gebiet, Land, Herrschafts-, Hoheitsgebiet [frz. territoire "Gebiet, Boden, Bezirk, Terrritorium", lat.: "zu einer Stadt gehoeriges Ackerland, Staatgebiet", zu terra, "Erde, Land"]. - (Das ist, vielleicht die beste kurze Definition in meinen Woerterbuechern, die sich auf das bezieht, was fuer uns am meisten interessant it. - Aber jedem steht es frei bessere zu suchen und zu finden. - I have not yet attempted to translate this into English. – JZ, n.d - - 2.) Roger Scruton, A Dictionary of Political Thought, 1981 MacMILLAN Press, 1983 Pan Books: Territory. Portion of the earth and its atmosphere, which is such that it may fall under the "jurisdiction of a sovereign state. - Modern international law recognizes territorial claims over part of the sea, and over air space, but how far these claims extend is a constant source of dispute. - Modern territorial sovereignty has developed from the personal sovereignty exercised by feudal and absolute rulers, which was conceived in terms of an actual property right, albeit under a law more hypothetical than enforceable. - The frequent redress of sovereigns to the Pope or to some individual said to be Caliph in order to establish this property right led to important attempts to develop an international law of territory. The rise of "nationalism" can be seen as involving at least in part, an attempt to replace a conferred property right by a "prescriptive right", by identifying a particular tract of land with the immemorial customs of people associated partly because of it, and also through their language, customs, race or kinship. - Modern international jurisdiction begins from the premise that the world is divided up haphazardly into territories, be irreversible facts of history, and that prima facie rights to jurisdiction must be accorded to those governments, which presently claim them. It then seeks to confine each state to that territory presently claimed by it, by the "principle of territoriality", which holds that a sovereign state ought not to engage in jurisdictional acts outside the limits of its territory. - Certain "sociobiologists" have identified the search for territory as a fundamental human instinct, the equivalent of which is to be found in many of the lower animals, who are presumably not motivated by any sense of the right of ownership or jurisdiction. Whether there is anything in common between animal and human territorial behavior is open to doubt; nevertheless there is something about the manner in which men fight for territory, which demands explanation in other than legal terms. - - 3.) Charlton Laird, Webster's New World Thesaurus, 1971, Collins World: territorial, mod. - Syn. regional, sectional, provincial; see national. territory, n. 1. [A specific area] - Syn. region, township, empire; see area. 2. [An area organized politically under the central government] - Syn. commonwealth, colony, protectorate, dominion, province, mandate; see also nation - 3. [An indefinite areas] - Syn. section, area, boundary; see region. - - 4.) The Fontana Dictionary of Modern Thought, ed. by Alan Bullock & Oliver Stallybrass, Fontana/Collins, 1977, p.627: (1) The portion of geographical space under the jurisdiction of a recognized authority. Territorial claims have often been at the root of political tensions and conflicts; recently these claims have been related more to the resources available within the territory than to its function as shelter. TERRITORIAL SOVEREIGNTY extends over adjacent maritime and air spaces, and maritime powers are now widening the breadth of their territorial seas and claiming control over the contiguous continental shelf. …” The same reference also states: territorial imperative. Phrase coined by the American scientific popularizer, Robert Ardrey, for the theory that man is a creature whose behaviour in relation to the ownership, protection, and expansion of the territory he regards as his or his group's exclusive preserve is analogous to the territorial behaviour of animals (see TERRITORY) and is acquired genetically in the same way. In accordance with the principles of territorial behaviour, mutual antagonism grows as natural hazards diminish. D.C.W. - Bibl: R. Ardrey, The Territorial Imperative (N.Y., 1966, London 1967.) - Ardrey himself, in this book, mentions enough facts out of the animal world to refute him. Moreover, he fails to distinguish e.g. between nesting instincts, sensitivity zones, privacy interests and national interests and claims, private property rights and nationalist, federal, State, regional and local government collectivist territorial claims. As for the last of the above quoted sentence: As e.g. tourism grows and multi-ethnic settlements spread over continents, this "multiculturalism" does not lead, as it does, under monetary despotism, for a struggle for jobs and sales, mutual antagonism tends to decline rather than increase. At least not wherever religious fanatics or fundamentalists have no territorial power or ambitions. However, the book was successful in defending wrongful and absolutist claims among people not inclined to think enough about them. - It has not yet been thoroughly enough refuted in public opinion. - JZ, 4.4.07. - - 5.) Nuttall's Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language, 1973, 110th year of publication, ed. & revised by Lawrence H. Dawson, Frederick Warne & Co. London & N.Y.: territorial, pertaining to territory or land; limited to a certain district; n. a member of the Territorial Army. - Territorial Army, a branch of the British army formed in 1908 and including the militia, yeomanry and volunteers, and (since 1949) National Service men. - territorial waters, those under the sovereignty of a state, viz., its inland waters and coastal waters within three miles from low-water mark. - territorialism, territorial organization; any system, doctrine, etc., relating especially to a territory as such; landlordism. - (JZ: Here territorialism has even "conquered and annexed" landlordism. Apparently, with the approval of many land-reformers, who consider it to be even worse than the national land monopoly. - JZ, 6. 4. 07. ) - territoriality, territorial quality or status. - territorialize, to place upon a territorial footing. - territorially, as regards territory. - territory, the extent or compass of land within the bounds or belonging to the jurisdiction of any state or other body; a large tract of land, esp. one belonging to and under the domination of a state lying at a distance from it; in the U.S.A., a district (as Alaska and Hawaii; having its own organization and governor but forming neither a part of a, nor a separate State.) - (Fr. territoire.) - - (JZ: Is it quite an accident that terror & terrorism come next, at least in this dictionary? Do the words have a common root? - I have no etymological dictionary on hand. - JZ, 6. 4. 07.) - - 6.) The Illustrated COLUMBIA ENCYCLOPEDIA, Columbia University Press, 1931-1972: territory, in U.S. history, a portion of the national domain that is given limited self-government, usually in preparation for statehood. Territorial governments have been similar in form to those of the states, but have been subject to greater authority of the Federal government. The ORDINANCE of 1787, adopted by the Congress of the Confederation of the United States to create the NORTHWEST TERRITORY, furnished the basis upon which territorial governments were later organized under the Constitution of the United States. The LOUISIANA PURCHASE OF 1803 raised the problem of the relationship of the United States to newly acquired domains - a subject treated vaguely in the Constitution of the United States. The Supreme Court, however, established the right of Congress to establish territorial governments and to admit territories to the Union. With the rapid westward expansion of the United States in the 19th. century and the acquisition of large portions of land through treaty and purchase, Congress shaped territorial boundaries and prescribed government. Territorial governments usually have consisted of a governor, a bicameral legislature, a secretary to keep records, and a system of courts. A territory may be admitted to the Union as a state after its officers petition Congress for an enabling act, establish a constitution, and meet certain requirements (often regarding population) as set forth by the U.S. Congress. Congress itself may initiate such action. A majority of the 50 states of the United States - excluding the Thirteen Colonies, California, Kentucky, Maine, Texas, Vermont and West Virginia - underwent a territorial stage before they were admitted to the Union. The affairs of territories were under the Dept. of State until 1873, when their supervision was given to the Dept. of the Interior. In Canada and Australia, a similarly organized portion of the country not yet formed as part of the dominion is known as a territory. - - 7.) Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases, rev. & enlarged by Samuel Romily Roget, Longmans, Green & Co, London, New York, Toronto, 1853 edition: 181, (Definite space.) Region p N. region, sphere, sphere of influence, corridor, ground, soil, area, realm, hemisphere, quarter, district, beat, orb, circuit, circle, pale &c. (limit) 233; com-, department, domain, tract, territory, terrain, country, canton, county, shire, province, arrondissement, diocese, parish, township, borough, constituency, commune, ward, wapentake, hundred, riding, lathe, garth, soke, tithing, bailiwick; empire, kingdom, principality, duchy, grand duchy, arch-duchy, palatinate; republic, commonwealth, dominion, colony, state, island. - arena, precincts, enceinte, walk, march; patch, plot, enclosure, &c. 332; close, enclave, field, court; street &c. (abode) 189. - Adj. territorial, local, parochial, provincial, insular. - (Compare also 182 to 184 on limited spaces and locations. - JZ) - - 8.) Sol Holt, Dictionary of American Government, rev. ed., 1970, A Macfadden-Bartell Book: TERRITORIAL COURTS: Established by Congress to perform judicial functions in territories owned or controlled by the U.S., such as Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the Canal Zone. Except in the case of Puerto Rico, these Territorial Courts consider all cases in the area. In Puerto Rico, however, cases involving local matters are considered by local courts and only cases involving federal issues come before the federal Territorial Courts. - TERRITORIES: After the Spanish-American War (1898) Congress, through legislation, established a distinction between two types of territorial dependencies owned by the U.S., namely INCORPORATED TERRITORIES and UNINCORPORATED TERRITORIES. Until the admission of Hawaii and Alaska as states in 1959, they were classified as Incorporated Territories. They were the last of the U.S. dependencies in that classification; most of our island possessions are Unincorporated Territories. The island of PUERTO RICO holds a special status; it is called a COMMONWEALTH. Pacific islands acquired by the U.S. after World War II (1945), are administered by the U.S. as TRUSTEESHIPS assigned to this country by the UNITED NATIONS. Most Unincorporated Territories are administered by the Office of Territories in the INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. A number of strategic U.S. islands and the PANAMA CANAL ZONE are administered by the DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. - TERRITORIES, OFFICE OF. Division of the U.S. INTERIOR DEPARTMENT whose function is to administer most of the territorial possessions of the U.S. - - 9.) I acquired a book, only partly read, because of its all too limited and specialized interpretation of territoriality: Cornelis B. Bakker & Marianne K. Bakker-Rabdau: No Trespassing! Explorations in Human Territoriality, Coventure Ltd., London, 1973. - Like Robert Ardrey's "The Territorial Imperative", it explores mainly close proximity relationships, personal and family spheres, psychological clashes, strife between neighbors, feelings, urges, claims, likings, antagonisms etc., down to nesting instincts, privacy notions etc., with perhaps only one chapter, no. 9, territorial rights, superficially touching upon the larger issues of national and statist territorial claims and practices. - Here are two extracts, quoted on the rear cover: S.4: "Human territory can be described as that area of an individual's life which he experiences as his own, where he exerts control, takes initiative, has expertise or accepts responsibility. It is the realm in which a person has a sense of independence and where he feels free to act on his own initiative." - S.33: "Man's territorial sense pervades every aspect of his existence. He constantly divides all things into categories of possession, mine, yours, his and hers, ours and theirs. This territorial index helps him measure himself in relation to others and serves as a map to refer to in case of conflict." - I do think that this book over-extends the concept of territoriality and gives it a different meaning from the political, economic and social one with which panarchism is mainly concerned. –J.Z. - - 10.) Langenscheidt's New Concise German Dictionary, German-English, by Heinz Messinger, New Edition 1973, Hodder & Stoughton, 1959-1973: territorial: I. adj. 1. Grund…, Land…; - property; 2. Landes…, Gebiets… Territorial Army, territorial force, Territorialarmee, Landwehr, territorial waters, pol. Hoheitsgewaesser; - 3. pol. Territorial…, ein Territorium (der USA) betreffend; II. s.4. a) Landwehrmann, b) pl. Territorialtruppen. - territory: 1. Gebiet n., Territorium; 2. pol. Hoheits-, Staatsgebiet n: Federal territory - Bundesgebiet; on British territory, auf britischem Gebiet; - 3. pol. Territorium n. (Schutzgebiet); - 4. (Vertrags-, Vertreter)Gebiet; - 5. sport (Spielfeld)Haelfte. (JZ: Another over-extension of the concept, to the temporary use of one side of a playing field by one of two teams! - Most important concepts are rather muddled than fully clarified in most heads. - Few resort to reference books in their possession but continue "thinking" with all too vague or mixed-up notions, with a result to be expected. - In games it would be more sensible to speak of our side and their side of the playing field. - For the next game or even the second half of one game they may switch sides! - JZ, 6. 4. 07.) - - 11.) Collins National Dictionary: THE NEW NATIONAL DICTIONARY, Collins, London, Glasgow & Sydney, 1959-1973. territory n. large tract of land, esp. under one governmental administration; part of country which has not yet attained political independence. - territorial a. pert. to territory; limited to certain district; n. member of Territorial Army, voluntary home-defence force in Britain. [L. terra, the earth.] - (By the way, in the following definition of "terror" it refers to its latin origin: (L. terrere, to frighten.] - - 12.) Langenscheids Fremdwoerterbuch, verfasst von Prof. Dr. K. Schmidt, Berlin Schoeneberg, Langenscheidtsche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Prof. G. Langenscheidt), 1922: territorial: zu einem Territorium gehoerig; Land …; Territorialgewaesser: Landesgewaesser; Territorialitaet: Zugehoerigkeit zum Staatsgebiet; Territorialitaet des Rechts: Grundsatz, dass das Recht des Staates gilt, in dem man sich aufhaelt; Territorium: Territories Territorien: Staatsgebiet. - - 13.) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English, ed. by H.W. Fowler and F.G. Fowler, based on The Oxford Dictionary, Fourth Edition, revised by E. McINYODH, Oxford, at the Clarenden Press, 1911-1958: territorial: 1. Of territory, as territorial possession, acquisitions; limited to a district, as the right was strictly territorial; of (any of) the U.S. Territories; (Eccl.) territorial system (in which civil rule claims supremacy as a natural right, whence territorialism, n. Territorial Army or Force, force organized for home defence to replace the older bodies of militia, yeomanry, and volunteers. - 2. Member of Territorial Army. Hence Territorially, adv. [f. LL territorialis (as territory, see territorial.)] - territorialize: Extend by addition of, reduce to state of, territory. - territory: Extent of land under jurisdiction of sovereign. State, city, etc.; - (Commerce.)area over which a commercial traveller operates; large tract of land; Organized division of the country not yet admitted to full rights of a State. [f.L. territorium, etym. dub.] - - 14.) Meyers Hand-Lexikon, 7. Auflage, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig & Wien, 1920: Territorial: (lt.), ein Territorium betreffend, damit verbunden. Territorialarmee, in Frankr. usw., svw. Landwehr; Territorialhoheit, Gebietshoheit, Territorialmiliz, ital. Landsturm. Territorialstadt, Landstadt; Territorialstaende, Landstaende, Territorialsystem, Theorie, wonach dem Landesherren die gesamte Kirchengewalt zusteht; Wehrsystem, bei dem sich die Truppenteile, Landwehr usw. zu best. Landesbezirken ergaenzen. Territorialitaetsprinzip, Ansicht, dass der Erwerb des Landes die Souveraenitaet in sich schliesst; jr. Grundsatz, dass Gesetze nur in dem sie erlassenden Staat (fuer In- und Auslaender) gelten, § 3-8 StGB. - Territorium: Grund, Bezirk; frueher Landesgebiet, im Regensatz zum Reichsgebiet. - - 15.) The Cadillac Modern Encyclopedia, ed. by Max S. Shapiro & William Jaber, Cadillac Publishing Co., N.Y.. 1973: Territory: (1) The geographic jurisdiction of a governmental unit; (2) a geographical area possessed by a nation but not annexed to the nation or counted as part of the nation as a political entity. In U.S. history …The U.S. Congress has final authority over U.S. territories. …Trusteeship territories, such as the Pacific Is. … - - 16.) Webster Universal Dictionary, unabridged international edition, ed. by Henry Cecil Wyld & Erich H. Partridge, Bay Books Pty. Ltd., 1968 copyright by Routledge & Kegan Paul: territorial: I. adj. - 1. Connected with, consisting of territory; territorial owners, property &c. - 2. Pertaining, limited, to some particular region or country under control of a state; territorial rights, waters, boundaries &c. - 3. (mil. cap.) Relating to a force of soldiers raised, by voluntary enlistment, in a particular area or county and serving as a second line to the Regular Army: Territorial Army. - territorial: (II.) n., fr. prec. Member of the Territorial Army. - territorialism: System of Church government, under which the ruler of a territory has religious jurisdiction over his subjects. - territorialize: 1. To extend (domains) by addition of fresh territory. 2. To reduce to condition of a territory. - territorially: From the point of view of, according to territory. - territory: Kat, territorium, "land round a down; domain"; see Terra. - 1. Large tract of land; region, district. - 2. Amount of land, country, under jurisdiction of a single ruler or government. - 3. Part of a State ruled as a dependency and not having yet attained full rights as an independent state. - - 17.) The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, on historical principles, prepared by William Little, H. W. Fowler, J. Coulson. Revised and Edited by C. T. Onions, Third Edition, with Addenda, Oxford, at the Clarenden Press, 1933-1966. - Territorial: a. 1625. [ad. Late L., territorialis, f. territorium Territory.] - 1. Of, belonging or relating to, territory or land, or to the territory of any state, sovereign or ruler 1768. - b. Of or pertaining to landed property 1773. - c. Owning or having an estate in land; landed 1832. (JZ: Note, how the concept got extended with passing years!) - 2. Of or pertaining to a particular territory, district, or locally; local 1625. - 3. Of or belonging to one of the "territories" of the United States 1812. - 4. Mil. T. Army or Force, the British Army of Home Defence instituted (on a territorial or local basis) in 1908. Also Territorial as sb. a member of the T. Army, 1907. - 1. An actual Invasion of our t. rights. WASHINGTON. - b. the … te. revenue of India 1800. - c. the t. aristocracy 1832. - 2. The gods … were local and t. divinities PRIESTLEY. - Hence - Territoriality, t. quality, condition, position or status. - Territorially adv. - Territorialism 1881. A territorial system; landlordism; the organization of the Army on a t. or local. basis; also applied as tr. G. Territorialsystem, to a theory of church government which places the supreme authority in the civil power. So Territorialist, a member or representative of the class of landowners. - Territorialize. 1818. To make territorial; to place upon a territorial basis; to associate with or restrict to a particular territory or district. - Territory. later ME. [ad.L. territorium the land round a town, a domain, district, territory.] - 1.a. The land or district lying round a city or town and under its jurisdiction. Chiefly as tr. ZL. territorium - 1651. - 1.b. The land or country belonging to or under the dominion of a ruler or state 1494. - 1 c. transf. Each half of a football ground considered as belonging to one of the teams; so in hockey, baseball etc. 1896. - 2. A tract of land, or district of undefined boundaries; a region 1610. - 3. fig. The sphere, province or domain of a science, art, class, word, etc. 1640. - 4. In the U.S., One of certain regions in the West belonging to and under the government of the American Republic, and having some degree of self-government, but not yet admitted as a State into the Union 1799. - 5. orig. U.S. The district in which a commercial traveler operates. 1925. - 1. Of, belonging or relating to, territory or land, or to the territory of any state, sovereign, or ruler 1768. - 1. As they governed the City of Rome, and Territories adjacent - HOBBES. - b. a small port, still within the Neapolitan territories 1799. - 2. The most important fertile territories of Anjou HOLLAND. - - 18.) The Oxford English Dictionary, Compact edition. Oxford University Press, 1971, complete text in microprint. (JZ: A strain on the eyes, even with the help of the magnifying glass provided with it.) - Essentially, it only expands while repeating the above information. However, there are some lines that I will quote, under "territory": "Etymology unsettled; usually taken as a derivative of terra, earth, land (to which it was certainly referred in popular Latin when altered to terratorium); but the original form has suggested derivation from terrere to frighten, whence territor frightener, territorium. a place from which people are warned off (Roby Lat. Gr.(§ 943 ). So F. territoire (1278 in Codef. Compl.); see also: TERROIR.] - (JZ: So my suspicion of a verbal connection between "territory" etc. with "terror" and "terrorism" as being more than accidental might be correct. At least it is shared by some others. - JZ, 6. 4. 07.) - - SOME MORE REFERENCES: TERRITORY: (1) The portion of geographical space under the jurisdiction of a recognized authority. Territorial claims have often been at the root of political tensions and conflicts; recently these claims have been related more to the resources available within the territory (JZ: In the absence of Free Trade) than to its function as shelter. Territorial SOVEREIGNTY extends over adjacent maritime and air spaces and maritime powers are now widening the breadth of their territorial seas and claiming control over the contiguous continental shelf. See also ACCESSIBILITY. I.G. - Bibl. B. Y. Jennings, The Acquisition of Territory (Manchester & N.Y. 1963); J. Tottmann, The Significance of Territory (Charlottesville 1973). - (2) In ETHOLOGY, an area in which an organism or a group of individuals is dominant - e.g. the territory within which a male bird will allow no intrusion and towards which he acts in a way distinctly analogous to that of a human being (in most societies) towards his private property, or the 'group territories' of lions, hyenas, and some other mammals and birds, which likewise evoke behaviour analogous to human behaviour. This pattern of behaviour is known as territoriality. See also TERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE. P.M. - Bibl.: H. Kruuk, The Spotted Hyena (London & Chicago, 1972); G. B. Schaller, The Serengeti Lion (London & Chicago, 1972). - - (JZ: Obviously, some people have not yet spotted the differences between wild animals and human beings, nor the differences between private land titles and national to municipal collectivist property claims and practices. - JZ, 4. 4. 07. File: Pan TERRITORY meaning. - LANGUAGE, DEFINITIONS, TERMS, WORDS. - BY ALL MEANS, ADD YOUR REFERENCES AND COMMENTS! – JZ
TERRITORY: ON TERRITORY from the point of view of at least one "panarchist" and of many statists. - JZ, ed. 10.10.11. - File: File: Pan Territory 2 - At first I offer some of my own definition attempts, still very imperfect. Please help me to improve them or to replace them by better ones. - I am well aware that there are many other interpretations and usages of that term. But ask yourself whether they do not more or less lead away from the concept of a territorial monopoly of a State, government or administration, whether they are openly despotic or democratic or republican, or even direct democratic or limited libertarian States. Altogether about 200 to 250 exist so far on Earth and multiplying them further, in the usual anarchist or limited government libertarian or mini-government way, will not change this part of their very nature. - I have considered definitions that I found in various dictionaries. Most are right from the territorialist point of view. But precisely these I would reject as a panarchist, because they are wrongful impositions upon dissenting subjects. It is also obvious that they were so used by people that are unaware of panarchism and of the wrongfulness and irrationality of the territorial monopoly of States. They have something quite different in mind when they use or abuse the term territory. >>>> 1) A large area, district or country or even continent (Australia), under a single political or administrative control, mostly public, sometimes somewhat private (but still within the framework of the all-over territorial control, like a vast supermarket, in which there are numerous private, cooperative and public real estate properties or rented premises in different hands. >>>> 2.) I have always considered a territory to be a relatively large area, containing much public and private land and being under a single control, mostly a statist one, sometimes that of a religious movement and organization and rarely if ever fully under private control, or genuinely and fully voluntary cooperative control, at least so far. The so-called "people" or "nation" is largely a fiction, for it contains all too many dissenters, some even radical ones and going, in the extreme, to totalitarians and other terrorists, who also pretend to represent the nation, the people or the public interest or divine commands or the sole truth. >>>> 3.) Territories are large conglomerates, usually of physically interconnected private or public blocks of land under common and imposed constitutions, laws, jurisdictions, bureaucracies and governments, all territorially organized and empowered, supposedly with individual consent via "voting" in which mostly majorities or pressure groups dominate and within these only a few people decide policies and actions. However, territorial claims are also made for groups of islands or islands near a continental country. The dissenting individuals and minorities are not free to vote themselves out of territorial government systems to do their own things to or for themselves, at their own expense or risk, on the basis of full exterritorial autonomy under personal law, constitutions & jurisdictions. >>>> In a territory the territorial legislators, the judges and the governments at the three major levels: federal, State & local governments, all these governments have usurped power over private, cooperative and company landownership, taxing them like feudal lords did their serfs, mostly monetarily, rather than demanding their labor input. For several months in a year we are forced to work for these new feudal lords, if we add up all the direct and indirect taxes that we are forced to pay them. And most still imagine that the times of feudalism are over! All too many voters, citizens and subjects are still foolish enough to believe that they get more in handouts from the State than they are forced pay it - in form of taxes. Only a small percentage of the normal working population gets more out of the territorial system than they pay in. A large exception is formed by the mass of “public servants” and by certain groups of hand-out recipients But this aspect indicates only the financial exploitation of the majority of the population of territories. Territorialism takes numerous other forms. >>>> I for one tend to stick to my own definitions that even most statists do confirm or take for granted. They do openly claim a territorial monopoly and do claim that it is justified and necessary, and others, like myself, do consider it to be the largest, most wrongful and harmful monopoly which has held back progress, liberty, peace and justice for all too many centuries. >>>> A very important consideration for our times is that ABC mass murder devices are designed, produced and kept in readiness for the destruction of whole territories and their population and not for the destruction of some private and relatively small real estate, which some people, in my opinion quite wrongly call, also a "territory". The small village in which I live, Berrima, NSW, with ca. 600 inhabitants, is hardly a main and direct target for ABC mass murder devices, although it, too, would suffer greatly if e.g. the nearest cities, Sydney, Wollongong and Canberra were hit by such "weapons". >>>> Instead of individual and minority or even majority secessionism from a territorial government we have at most free individual emigration - restricted by the immigration rules of other territorial governments. This world does not belong to man, it officially belongs, so far, to territorial governments, the new feudal lords - voted in by the majority of their serfs, who are afraid of freedom, because they do not know and appreciate it. >>>> Nor does the option of a territorial secession, which is sometimes permitted or achieved, get us away from the territorial organization and rule. It merely offers a smaller territory to the secessionists and a different territorial rule, supposedly of their own special kind, which may be even more oppressive than the former regime was, at least in some respects, for the remaining dissenting minorities in "its" territory. >>>> If we are not individually and as minorities free to secede from the territorial overlords, free to refuse to pay their taxes and to disobey their wrongful laws, then we are not free men, living in free countries, quite self-governing, granting a genuine individual consent to whatever the territorial governments do to us or, supposedly, for us. Then we are not free to advance "from status to contract". >>>> Territorial legislators have usurped powers including taxation powers, over private landowners, businessmen, production and exchange, even over exchange media and currency standards. Little is left untouched by their centralized meddling on local, State and federal levels. >>>> The laws have become so numerous that they have become unknowable in practice. (See under LAWS.) - Even when it comes to the number of traffic signs, they have, largely, become unknown to many drivers: Christian Butterbach pointed out in an email of 3.4.07 that Germany has 648 valid traffic symbols. >>>> In any "territory" there are many private blocks of land, farms, luxurious estates, business and manufacturing blocks, going up to whole company towns. But even the latter are still, as a rule, under territorial government laws, from local governments, to State governments and their federations. They are not fully autonomous or independent from the territorial control system in which they are sited. >>>> Footprints, standing places. Are they "territories", too? At the extreme end there are your footprints, on which you are temporarily standing and which you may be prepared to defend as "your" temporary "territory" against someone trying to push you away or mug you. >>>> Individual sovereignty declarations. There were also some individualists who declared themselves princes, dukes or kings of their house and garden - or of their sometimes very large farm, e.g. Prince Leonard's Hutt River Province, in Western Australia, with his 18 000 acres, whose independence declaration was never recognized by the local and State governments or by the Federal government, the Queen or the Commonwealth. It was initiated when the Wheat Board permitted him to grow wheat only on 256 acres. In my neighborhood we had "Laird's Corner", near Robertson, NSW, a pie shop famous for its pies, situated among paddocks, next to a road crossing, somewhat removed from the small town Robertson, which imposed town rates instead of rural rates upon his rural property. I also heard of "King Ron" of Waragamba Dam many years ago but never met him or read details about him. >>>> Some people own their flat, small or large, often in large blocks of flats. They might try secede effectdively and to declare themselves and their “territory”, their few inbuilt square meters of housing and their garden, to be their independent "territory". But such instances get more and more away from the essential and main concept of territory and its correct interpretation. >>>> Perhaps, once all or most of us are individual secessionist and do not even associate into exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, we might come to call these few square meters to be our "territories", too. But until then this becomes an absurd exaggeration, especially, when one considers, that many such flats may be stacked upon each other in high-rise blocks of flats - and some may exist, at several levels, even underground. Several large underground shopping centers do already exist. One in Canada is supposed to cover ca. 700 acres, if my memory does not deceive me. And they too, are still under territorial law of governments and, so far, mostly would not have it otherwise. >>>> Ask yourself: Should one subscribe to the most extreme and least common interpretations of a term? - Should one adopt the most sensible or the most senseless definition? >>>> Firstly "territory" has to do with land. But it comes in all sizes. Secondly, the term refers to control or rule or administration. Mostly a public one. And a territory contains many land titles, private and public, all at least somewhat and as a rule under all too much public control of the current territorial overlord or feudal lord in democratic camouflage, even with "voting rights" for their serfs. Alas, these are not free to vote themselves out of their subordination and taxes! >>>>Even totalitarian dictatorships claimed 'territorial integrity" and the "right" to misgovern their involuntary victims and often did not even let them freely emigrate. How rightful can that be? Although attempts to right this condition by a military invasion by another or several other territorial powers can also be very wrongfully undertaken, with numerous and unjustifiable blood sacrifices and destructions. - There are more rightful and easier ways, which especially libertarians and anarchists should finally fully explore and publicize in their kind of liberation and defence platform. >>>> In each State territory its people and their property are more or less under government control and be it “only” via compulsory taxes. Its privately or publicly owned real estate blocks tend also to be connected to each other - apart from enclaves of other states, of which the smallest ones are usually embassies. I am not sure whether the more numerous consulates do also have an extraterritorial status. Embassies are also not quite independent small "territories" but merely extensions or enclaves of foreign territorial powers, situated in foreign territories, the countries of other States. They are usually confined to a relatively small block of real estate and one or several buildings on and their own employees and at most protégée citizens and some people, who were successful in trying to gain asylum in them. While the ambassador himself may be an untouchable by the foreign country, in which he represents his own, even when leaving his embassy and visiting some local officials etc., the asylum seekers do not have his status. As soon as they leave the grounds of the embassy, they might be arrested again. No personal law status is granted to them. I also doubt that their cleaners, tradesmen and gardeners, coming from the country in which the embassy is situated, have any special status that exempts them from the local territorial legislation, unless they were accepted as protégée citizens. Even the ambassador does certainly not live under his own personal laws. >>>> Visiting heads of States do, together with their entourage, except the reporters, I guess. They are, usually, so well protected by the own security forces and those of the country they visit, that I cannot remember any assassination case that occurred under these circumstances. The Sarajevo assassination that was taken as the incident to start off WW I was not during a visit to a foreign country but to one of those, which at that time were supposedly parts or provinces of the Austrian Empire. >>>> If rulers are only the public servants of "their" countries, why do these "servants" get a better protection than their subjects, the supposedly "sovereign people? In many cases the rulers "served" "their" countries or "their" peoples so badly that the best thing they could do for them was to die, a.s.a.p. Only very rarely did they do the right thing by abdicating. - Alas, their territorial successors were often even worse. Should any peaceful citizen have to live under any ruler that he has not chosen for himself? >>>> Australia is the only continent controlled by a single federal government. Is that something to celebrate or to regret? >>>> The United Nations is seemingly the largest government of all, a world government - but its members, territorial governments, not nations of peoples, saw to it that it owns and controls no territory and does not even have a permanent police force, far less a standing army or a large army of volunteers, does not levy taxes and conscripts but is dependent upon donations from territorial states and the loan of their troops. >>>> The Catholic Church, with its Vatican territory, although it is small, possesses a larger “territory” than the UN building block and also hundreds of millions of voluntary members, spread among others, all over the world. To the extent that it is autonomous and a voluntary community, it does also constitute something of a panarchy, an exterritorial power, - but one without political and economic power, although it has some social and financial power via its volunteers, conditioned from childhood to obey it more or less, sometimes to an astonishing degree. But then all religions do so far provide some kind of spectacle, cases for humor - or, in extreme cases, for extreme disgust. Sometimes they are autonomous and secretive enough to hush up extreme crimes of their officials for years to centuries. At least investigative reporters of our times bring more and more of these offences to light and sometimes to government courts. >>>> The territorial State considers all other associations and communities etc. within its territory to be under its rule, some foreign enclaves excepted. >>>> Mostly they do recognize each other. But their subjects are not allowed not to recognize and submit to them; they are forced to obey them, sometimes, as e.g. with conscripted soldiers, at the risk of their lives. States today are so territorial that they do not permit individual and group secessions or exterritorial autonomy for any community of volunteers in their territories. >>>> That behavior would be right for a private flat or house owner, a farmer or a grazier, since it would infringe their property rights. Territorial Governments act as if they would similarly own their whole country or territory and most of its inhabitants, foreign diplomats and e.g. occupation armies excepted. >>>> Historically the borders of territories have in most cases been relatively frequently changed, islands or continental States excepted. But even small island states like England contained for a long time several different territorial States. >>>> The border changes happened e.g. by conquests, purchase, marriages of their rulers, international treaties, imposed or agreed-upon separations or secessions. Territorial States have disappeared - being swallowed up by others, and also reappeared. Individual inhabitants or minority groups had usually little say on this, if anything. >>>> There exists no international land title registry and the inherited borders are in many cases and for long times strongly contested. >>>> The ownership of the continental shelves is still widely contested. >>>> But at least we do have the high seas, where only ships of a nation are considered national territory. But at least their owners, mostly for tax reason, had often the choice of a country to be registered with, the one with the lowest taxes and regulations for them. >>>> That kind of freedom ought to be extended to the land areas of the world - and to the continental shelves and their property titles and property owners. >>>> Even territorial States have not yet claimed rights in the air ocean surrounding us but at most control-rights over the flight zones. >>>> The artificial satellites, by their very nature, to the extent that they circle the earth and do not move with the earth in a fixed position above it, do also not respect any international borders and form a rather mixed crowd. By now some are privately owned. Formerly all were government owned. Until recently governments claimed the right to shoot down at least their own, if not "spy satellites", but the rubbish in space thus produced, has cured some of this bad habit. When their live span is exhausted they ought to be taken down, carefully, by large rocket drives supplied to them and not merely splashed in the oceans, either, if they do contain e.g. much radioactive material. Or an explosive charge should be placed in them, so that it would break them up into small enough bits, which then would burn up upon reentry in the atmosphere. But that would require long-term thinking and consideration for the rights of their subjects, which not the leading habit for most territorial governments. It would also cause further air pollution, partly with radioactive materials. >>>> To the extent that they orbit Earth they, or their owners, do have at least a temporary right to their position in that orbit in the same way as a bystander has a right to his spot or a walker to his course. >>>> Greenies would by now often grant a "territorial" right to a tree, as long as it can manage to live there. However, even some trees can be transplanted. Much more so can a tree species be partly transplanted, as e.g. Eucalyptus trees were from Australia to many other countries, via seeds or seedlings. Some greenies are mad enough to want to give the whole of Earth back to the trees and other plants and animals, as if humans had not right to exist on Earth. But do all of them commit suicide? Instead, some think, write and speak of mass-murder depopulation measures, on a much larger scale than most terrorist mass murderers do. >>>> In some ways they are even worse territorialists than some totalitarian regimes were and are. They claim the whole Earth as their own property, to do with it as they like. >>>> Should we tolerate them in somewhat civilized cities? Or rather deport them to so far "unspoiled" polar zones or to the Moon? >>>> Transcriptions of older notes: >>>> Single person sovereignty declarations. Whether they do own any land or not, do they have "territorial" or self-government rights over the volume and matters and the temporary location where they do exist? Has this anything to do with territory or, on the contrary, rather with exterritoriality, for they might move to almost any location on earth, at least via contract with other owners of landed property or of buildings, via somewhat free migration. >>>> Does the single sovereign individual own himself as a "territory" - seeing he is constituted out of terrestrial matter and located so far somewhere on Earth, or are other terms more appropriate for his condition, provided that it becomes recognized by others? >>>> Family sovereignty declarations, like that of Len Casley in Hutt River Province, Australia, regarding his 18 000 acres, when the Australian wheat board wanted to allow him to grow wheat on only 256 acres of these. I believe that he had already 1500 acres of wheat planted. It was not even quite sure where all of his family members were really with him, in his secessionism, or whether they merely stuck with the husband or father. >>>> Households of one or several persons, in a house of flat, perhaps in a high rise building or even underground or on the ocean floor on the continental shelf, on a zeppelin or space habitat, could they rightly claim to own "territory" or just themselves and their private property? >>>> With a couple one or the other may be dominant, they may have common property or separate property. Are they, with their private real estate, really territorialists, independent of the contro system over the large territory in which they live, or should they be? If the latter, are then they independent as territorialists or as exterritorialists? If they agreed to have to agree on all major decisions, then the single control system over their "territory" would be e.g. their special private marriage contract, requiring participatory decision-making. - That is not new for territories for there the powers are often largely divided e.g. in legislative, juridical and executive powers and each of these is largely subdivided, the government e.g. into various ministries. Whole countries and their inhabitants were, for all too long, considered the personal or family property of absolute monarchs. >>>> The kitchen of a household, if not the whole house or flat is often considered the territory of the woman of the house, where she is the supreme ruler. Should she, therefore, be called a territorialist and her husband a territorial subject? I think this question almost answers itself. >>>> What independence of territorial local, State and federal governments do landlords, tenants, farmers, business owners and manufacturers have? Should they thus be called territorialists? >>>> Should they aim at "territorial power" for themselves over their own affairs and property or merely for the achievement of full property rights for themselves (self-ownership included) and exemption from all imposed taxes? >>>> If one asks enough questions one will clarify one's own view on the subject of territory. Merely to accept the sponge word territory as a reality leaves a lot of confusion. One will have to pick and choose among all the past and possible definitions the ones, which do make some sense, because they are consistent or non-contradictory and sufficiently explanatory. >>>> Only definitions that really fit their subject, as far as this is humanly possible, do have the right to exist in all but Alice's wonderland. >>>> Even if individuals want to assert their full individual sovereignty, what does this mean in a society largely based on division of labor and free exchange? They would still depend upon the communality of the existence of a market in every sphere, upon private payment and juridical communities, on societal or free enterprise provision of power and communications. At most they would be free of unwanted territorial overlords and they could not lord it over others apart from their properties that are fully under their control. But that control does not mean, either, that they could subject those, who merely work for them, on their private property, to slavery or serfdom, as if they had full territorial power over them, at least while they are on that private property. Contractual powers they may have, based on the consent of their partners or employees or co-operators. The territorial sovereignty concept does not make sense in these cases, either. >>>> Sovereignty remains to be explained, as well as autonomy. Can both exist only upon a territory? If so, then of what size? Can both exist exterritorially? To what extent, beyond property rights and their right to free movement on this planet, provided only they respect private and cooperative property rights? But should they have to respect territorial monopoly claims of vast collectives? >>>> At least e.g. the millions of black market Mexican, Middle American and South American workers in the US do not respect some wrongful laws, namely immigration and tax laws, social security and similar legislation. I hold that they act quite rightfully when they support themselves by their own labors. Are very large private landholdings to be respected as independent territories? Often they are feudalistic remnants or modern feudalistic land-grants by a government's bureaucracy, which, at least in some cases, might have been obtained by bribes. Then they do not deserve to be respected. >>>> Which is the rightful system regarding land titles? >>>> Michael Greene, somewhat influenced by Henry George’s ideas, said that property is what your neighbors respect. Well, some of one's neighbors do not respect one's property and e.g. throw garbage over the fence or are too noisy. Should one rather say: what most of the decent neighbors respect? >>>> Theodor Hertzka, who developed Buchez's idea of "open cooperatives", threw a new light on this subject. Hertzka's ideas on open coops were further developed by Ulrich von Beckerath, in voluntaristic and anti-monopolistic way, by which they might be peacefully established by consent or purchase and spread gradually by setting good examples. Naturally, they, too, would be more successful under the rights, liberties and methods of full monetary and financial freedom. >>>> Private payment communities are also a kind of panarchistic organizations while monetary and financial despotism are territorialist aspects of the usual territorial despotism, existing even in democracies and republics, even in direct democracies. (Majority despotism or domination.) Especially as long as all individual human rights and liberties are not yet sufficiently known and recognized. ) >>>> To what extent can territorial powers and organizations still continue to exist once all human rights and liberties are fully declared and recognized? I for one do believe that hen they would tend to melt like snow under a hot sun. For individual and minority secessionist and exterritorial autonomy for voluntary communities would then be recognized as parts of the rights to associate and to disassociate oneself. >>>> Thus the whole question of exterritorialism versus territory and territorial rule is closely connected with individual human rights and liberties. So is the question of imposed taxes vs. voluntary contributions by voluntary members, that of territorial subjects vs. voluntary membership in political, social and economic institutions. Voluntary payment communities are also a kind of panarchies, freed from territorial monetary despotism. >>>> Territorial law vs. personal law. Even under territorial law there remain some uncertainties on which territorial law is to be applied in certain circumstances and small remnants of personal law still remain. These remnants could and should be expanded to the maximum. >>>> The whole "unity" and "uniformity" and egalitarian ideology is naturally opposed to different laws for different people. They want all people to be under one territorial thumb, the bigger and heavier they thumb the better for all - they imagine, despite numerous experiences to the contrary. Ideas have power over people, sometimes more so than people have power over ideas. - The same can be said of certain words and definitions of them. Compare the abuse of the term "equality" and right to "equal opportunity". >>>> The principle of membership by common interests, capabilities, ideologies, projects, religions, ethnic or racial traits is already often stronger than are territorial ties, which are often merely imagined. Many to most people do not even have a close relationship and understanding or many common interests with their very neighbors or workmates or with some of their family members. That with their friends of fellow hobbyists is often much closer. Even from marriages they do often go astray. >>>> Only the power addicts and power-mongers have a close personal and financial interest in establishing or upholding territorial monopolies and they still find sufficient fools to accept their dogmas and to subscribe to popular prejudices on the subject. >>>> If exterritorial autonomy were tied to the possession of some real estate then real estate owners could not be autonomous outside their own real estate. Everywhere else they would be under the law of the owners of the other real estate, in large territories under the laws of a large territorial state, which claims to rule even them, via its laws, taxes and land usage regulations, down even to sizes, advertisements, certain plants, water use etc. >>>> Freedom for individuals not only to establish national or racial or religious or utopian enclaves but also personal law communities not tied to any territory or possession of land! That would be the opposite to territorial power, rule, institutions and laws. >>>> A person might not own anything but himself and the clothing he wears and his knowledge, skills and physical ability and willingness to work and still could be autonomous, independent of the territorial laws of others, as long as he respects their human rights and liberties. >>>> Not owning land does not make a person unfree and right-less. Some, by their talents, art, ideas or hard work can still make themselves rich by being good in their specialty so that that many people are prepared to buy what they have to offer. Personal autonomy, which originally largely depended upon land-use, can now be largely independent of land-ownership and many people owning land are relatively poor compared with at least some such people. Naturally, these people's riches are based on self-ownership, which includes a part of the matter of this Earth. >>>> By breathing in and out and eating and drinking food and drinks from all over the world, wearing clothing from all over the world, using tools and equipment from all over the world, we are all already internationalists. And the liquids we excrete, do, lastly, also spread, after biological recycling, all over the world, into the oceans and clouds, into the rain and into the very air we breathe. With other excreta the process is much slower but also takes place. Organic stuff rots away, turns into gases and spreads all over. To some extent, like cattle and sheep in their paddocks, we live on dung hills of many generations. Our bodies are made up of materials from all over the world and their constituents change often during our lifetimes. Cells die and are replaced by new cell grown or cells split up. And we live only by the aid of symbiotic microscopic life in our bowels. Each of our cells is already a symbiotic machine of diverse original tiny life-forms. To some extent we are internationally linked with all other life forms on this planet even though part of this linkage goes back over millions of years. With our food intake and the air mixtures we breathe in and out, the linkage is much more direct. Not only to plants and animals which we eat but also to insects - bees for example, and to microbes that make the soil upon which cultured plants are grown, fertile enough. >>>> Moreover, via migrations over thousands of years, we are often closer in our nature to people in other countries than to our very neighbors. >>>> Territory and territorialism are dangerous fictions and have caused and are causing nevertheless, by their ideological influence and organizational consequences and the consequences of these, numerous wars, civil wars, revolutions and terrorist acts. >>>> Many talk, think and write as territorialists but act, privately, as exterritorialists, in pursuing their private interests together with like-minded people, locally, nationally and internationally. >>>> In most cases, in the absence of territorial rule, organizations, laws, jurisdiction and powers, this can be done quite peacefully, with each deciding who is a friend, collaborator or enemy and peacefully avoiding, as much as is humanly possible, his enemies - unless they do actively infringe upon his basic rights and liberties. >>>> But territorial governments also try to determine our friends and allies for us, without or individual consent, by monopolizing such "foreign policy" policy decisions and all too many territorial subjects grant them the sanction of the victim, even for the possession of ABC mass extermination devices, which, naturally, leads to ABC mass extermination devices in the hands of foreign territorial powers, ultimately even into the hands of private terrorists and fanatics. >>>> Territories are targets for such mass murder devices. Tyrants or despotic rulers are not. The various peoples, on both sides of a frontier, are so targeted - and they have no say in this matter. Such decision-making is territorially monopolized. Hitler would have loved to have such a power. >>>> Which private land owner has such territorial power? Should not at least this factor distinguish territories and their controllers from private or cooperative or partnership land-owners or proprietors? >>>> Potentially, all people should be free to trade with all people all over the world, directly or indirectly and not only as tourists but also as daily consumers and producers. But territories and their territorial rulers interfere with this peaceful trade in the interest of some special interest lobbies, even if they are only the local banana growers or shirt producers, all pretending that their business interest is the national interest and that of the consumers in the nation, i.e. of the vast majority, is not. Again, we have here to deal with territory and all that it implies and with monopolistic aims of certain businessmen, who want to control the choices of what they consider to be "their" territorial customers. Without territorial legislation they could not achieve this. Free traders would have their international free trade associations and protectionists would have their own self-blockading options. When the benefits and disadvantages would thus clearly appear to both groups, free traders having the benefits of their choices and only the believers in "Buy Australian!" would suffer under the disadvantages of theirs, then more and more people would make the sensible choices rather than the irrational, prejudiced and anti-economic ones. >>>> But so far most of us almost soaked up territory, territorialism and territorial organizations and systems, so to speak, with our mother's milk and certainly got correspondingly and compulsorily indoctrinated in this way in our State-controlled mis-education systems. >>>> Anarchists mostly envision merely geographically separated small and somewhat varied anarchistic future communities or utopian colonies. >>>> They have not yet taken an anarchistic stand towards territory, territorialism and its uniformity but merely want to do the same, on a smaller scale and according to their ideology, without territorial rulers, but still with their own territorially decentralized laws and rules. >>>> They have also notions of territorially imposing one or the other kind of anarchism upon all people in the world, rather than striving merely to achieve their desired kind of anarchism for themselves. >>>>Proprietary Communities & Intentional Communities. Both are still miniature territorial societies. As such they fall rather under private real estate properties. >>>> Football clubs, golf and tennis clubs also own some real estate, relatively small. But they do not have compulsory membership and do not force anyone to participate in or watch their games. >>>> Link to collective responsibility. We are all victims of territorial states, laws, jurisdictions, taxes and rulers, and even targets of territorial States with mass extermination devices and also of private terrorists who aspire to mass extermination devices with us as their targets. >>>> Isn't it high time to clarify our notions on territory, territorialism, territorial organizations, laws, jurisdictions, constitutions, borders, economic and social systems, voluntarism and compulsion, instead of leaving them to politicians, political hack writers, vested interests and government trained political "scientists" and mass media support for popular errors, myths and prejudices on these subjects? >>>> Should we not be free to opt out of their territorial messes? In the same way as we might leave a church, sect or sports club, if that suits us? At least the religious groups have no territorial power any more over us. In some countries their churches or priests or fundamentalist gurus still have. >>>> Would the enemies of e.g. president Bush still hate him as much if he had no territorial powers but merely some voluntary followers? >>>> Would the peace lovers still hate the warriors as much if they could peacefully withdraw from the Warfare State - and decide upon their own foreign policy? >>>> Presently we are all caught in the net of territorialism and often do not even try to get out of it or to cut it or shred it. In some respect the fish and the birds do have more freedom than we have. Even insects to not have to respect State borders - or to pay taxes. >>>> The different spheres in which we live are all somewhat related to land or proximity of it, but not necessarily to "territory", although the term is all too often applied to these spheres as well: home spheres, work places, entertainment establishments, private spheres and public spheres. >>>> The sympathy or pity or charity sphere - in which we donate to beggars, charities or international aid efforts and tolerate the laws of the so-called "welfare-State". >>>> The solidarity sphere, mainly at work, but also ideologically, among e.g. socialists, trade unionists, anarchists and libertarians. Resulting in common protest and some limited resistance actions, local to international ones. >>>> The nesting sphere, related to the privacy sphere. >>>> The jealousy sphere. >>>> The parental authority sphere. >>>> The lobby, special interest and pressure group spheres. Almost all are the result of territorially imposed laws and institutions, which encourage abuses. Pigs at the common trough, try to push each other aside. >>>> The common interests, hobbies and crafts or collection spheres. >>>> Friendship spheres. >>>> Family and relations spheres. >>>> Work, learning, teaching communication, goods and service exchange and consumption spheres. >>>> Some imagine that these and others can be improved by territorial legislation beyond what could be achieved by free contracts. I hold that the contrary is true. Much more could be achieved by free contracts than by legislators and this more cheaply, too. >>>> The smile and smile back sphere, even between strangers, which requires a relatively short distance between the people smiling at each other. >>>> The sphere beyond which the existence and activities of others are simply ignored in most cases, to the extent of not even saying "good day", "hello!" or nodding to them. >>>> The politeness, good manners and tact sphere as opposed to the mutual rudeness or insult sphere. >>>> The "our street" or neighborhood sphere, in which people agree that it should not belong to drug dealers or prostitutes, gangs or through traffic. >>>> The sphere in which strangers are ignored but friends, acquaintances and relations are acknowledged. >>>> To describe all of them as aspects of territory or territorialism goes much too far in my opinion although whole books have already been published on this subject. >>>> Various proximity sensitivity and reaction or response zones have also been described as "territorial" behavior. But this is not really tied to a particular territory or area of land but is the same everywhere on earth - or in space, for sensitive people. >>>> "Your right to swing your fist ends where my nose begins!" >>>> You may step on your own toes - but not on mine or those of others. >>>> You may spit on yourself - but not on others. >>>> You may poke your nose - but not mine! >>>> The intimate sphere: "Don't you touch me! or: "Don’t touch me there!" - Your body is certainly your sovereign sphere. But is it a territory? Is it land to be plowed and planted or built upon or shifted to build dams? >>>> The primitive tribes had and have their food-gathering zones or grazing spheres, within which they led their nomadic or semi-nomadic lives. But were they really using these as territories, the way civilized people used and organized territories, or, rather, like animals use their living spheres, whether they are wolves, bird or insects or other fauna, or flora, largely shared with other species? They had no clearly marked borders or internationally somewhat guaranteed titles, no more so than the first cattle barons in the Western States of the US. had.>>>>The clearings that primitive people cut into forests for their small sttlements and fields, until they moved to other places when the fertility of their fields declined. They, too, were not fixed territories but, rather, limited work areas. They were still semi-nomadic. >>>> Were the kraals negroes built for themselves in the steppes, to protect themselves from beasts of prey really enclosing territories or merely protection for a small housing project and its people? >>>> Territory: realm, country, fatherland, motherland, homeland, state, community, region, local-, state and federal government territories. No size is clearly indicated. It can be very large but also very small, as in the mini-States. >>>> Where do you draw the line? >>>> Does any public chess board, or even a private one, temporarily used by two chess players, constitute a territory, perhaps including the table it may be sitting on and the two chairs of the players. >>>> In some ball games the sides of the teams have often been called territories, too. But do both teams really own the side they are temporarily playing on? Do they have a land title to it? Sometimes, they do switch sides during a game, so that both sides would have the same kind of wind or sunshine advantage or disadvantage. >>>> Words should be used and not abused. >>>> A very large Zeppelin, permanently floating in the air might also be called a territory, an artificial one, a lower and smaller kind of space habitat, or a vast space ship, travelling for many years if not decades to other planets, a "generations-ship". But should one thus over-extend any concept? >>>> If fixed homes are by some considered their territories, then what about the caravan owners, who do travel about and at most least some parking space temporarily? >>>> Embassies are territorial enclaves, owned by other territorial States. They do have, in the territorial States, where they are situated, an extraterritorial status but one that merely extends the territorial State powers of the States they represent to small blocks of land within other territorial States. >>>> Territory is associated with territorial sovereignty claims, which denies sovereign individuals and groups of volunteers the right of exterritorial secession and of exterritorial autonomy regarding all their own affairs, always only at the own risk and expense. Territorially sovereign federal States and their governments, constitution formulators and legislators allow only a limited territorial autonomy to States and local governments. >>>> Land titles and territories: Although land titles under territorialism are now territorially and uniformly regulated, they need not be. Various voluntary land reform schemes could, theoretically and practically, also be carried out in a territory by their own voluntary supporters, at their own risk and expense, as soon as a constitutional, legal and juridical way would be opened up for this. This is so far only rarely clearly seen. My father, K. H. Zube or K. H. Z. Solneman, although an individualist anarchist and also a panarchist and a kind of land reformer, was not individualistic, anarchistic and tolerant with regard to land reform but wanted his own land reform scheme applied uniformly in the whole world. Most other land reformers do have similar ambitions and have not considered realizing their own ideal tolerantly, only among their own volunteers. However at least some of them want to initially confine themselves to various utopian colonies or intentional communities or Kibbutzims or to greatly decentralized new States in which a former mere minority in a large country is actually a majority in this smaller new country and thus has also then and there its minority problems with other peoples. >>>> If all these separatists shed their territorial monopoly view and federated internationally with the aim to achieve exterritorial autonomy for all of them, then they could come to wield a great influence even under present conditions. They might achieve then the recognition and realization of their exterritorial autonomy claims. Together they could represent probably not only hundreds of millions of people but, possibly, anywhere between a billion and two billion people. I do not have a survey of all of the world's minorities at my disposal. All the time new ones might appear as well. >>>> If all of them would be shown on every political map, they would spot these maps very extensively, giving them all-over a very different color from the color the map makers give to separate States and a different picture from the verbal descriptions of "peoples", populations etc., which tend to stress a few uniform characteristics of most people in a territory. >>>> E.g. the free traders could have their duty free shops, tax exempt factories and industrial development zones, then no longer falling under any territorial laws. Even today there are already certain people who are exempt e.g. from direct taxation, the relatively poor ones for instance. Tax exemptions have become so numerous and diverse that possibly no one knows all of them. But people exempt from e.g. direct taxes do have still many other indirect taxes to pay and are subjected to numerous other territorial laws - which also help to keep them poor, even if that is not the intention of the legislators, as happens e.g. with minimum wage laws. They are still very far from being voluntary taxpayers and voluntary citizens. Their limited tax exemptions may also become repealed any day by the majority votes of other peoples. E.g. the laws on superannuation and pension funds are changed almost every year, mostly in favor of the governments, who also want to play with this property of their subjects. - Old notes, somewhat corrected and improved now: - JZ, 10.10.11, 14.8.12.
TERRITORY: The term territory has been used by others for other purposes, too, e.g. by Mafia families for their turfs, by street gangs for "their street", by salesmen for their allocated sales district, etc., etc. Any perusal of a few dictionaries and encyclopedias will reveal many meanings different from mine and that of most statists. – JZ, n.d – MAFIA TURF