John Zube


Quotes, Notes, Comments & Slogans
for Individual Liberty & Rights
against Popular Statist Errors & Prejudices

Index - C2




COLLUSION: 3. Private Collusion. The final source of monopoly is private collusion. As Adam Smith says, 'People of the same trade seldom meet together, even for merriment and diversion, but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public, or in some contrivance to raise prices.' (The Wealth of Nations, 1776, Bk. I, chap. x, Pt. II, Cannan ed., London, 1930, p. 130.) Such collusion or private cartel arrangements are therefore constantly arising. However, they are generally unstable and of brief duration unless they can call government to their assistance. The establishment of the cartel, by raising prices, makes it more profitable for outsiders to enter the industry. Moreover, since the higher price can be established only by the participants' restricting their output below the level that they would like to produce at the fixed price, there is an incentive for each one separately to undercut the price in order to expand output. Each one, of course, hopes that the others will abide by the agreement. It takes only one or at most a few 'chiselers' - who are indeed public benefactors - to break the cartel. In the absence of government assistance in enforcing the cartel, they are almost sure to succeed fairly promptly." - Milton Friedman, Capitalism & Freedom, p.131. – MINIMUM PRICE FIXING CARTELS

COLLUSION: the general tendency for people to seek to collude to fix prices, whether through unions or industrial monopolies. But collusive agreements will generally be destroyed by competition unless the government enforces them, or at least renders them considerable support." - Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom, p.96.

COLONIALISM: The exploitation of colonial possessions is inconsistent with the concepts of competitive private enterprise and voluntary exchange." - Hans F. Sennholz, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 72.

COLONIALISM: They are mixtures of authoritarianism, well meaning civilization attempts, welfarism, monopolism, legal exploitation and tend to profit mainly only a small clique in power and its hangers-on or those who have been granted privileges or monopolies by the colonial or imperial power. Free trade, free enterprise, free banking, for instance, in all these countries, would not require any central, federal, state or local legislation and authority. All the "public services" they have monopolistically provided, out of the tributes they levied, could be much more economically provided, in free competition, to all those who do desire them and are willing to pay for them. - But for their true believers they could be continued and even expanded, but only on a voluntary and exterritorial autonomy basis. That works e.g. O.K. for the Pope and the Catholic Church and for those who want to remain or become Roman Catholics. - JZ, 20.9.00, 30.1.02. - & IMPERIALISM, CIVILIZATION ATTEMPTS, WELFARISM, MONOPOLISM, PROTECTIONISM

COLONIALISM: Years have gone by since Lenin wrote his book (1917) - (Imperialism: The Final Stage of Capitalism.), during which the developing science of statistics demonstrated that the principal so-called colonial powers - France, Belgium, Portugal, England, the United States - were getting less out of their territories than they pumped into them, and in fact were concentrating their overseas investments not in the territories they were allegedly bent on exploiting, but in other advanced nations. The Marxist hypothesis was exploded. But the smear stuck, and sticks even to this day, ...” - Bill Buckley, On the Right, Jan. 28, 1964.

COLOUR BAR: The plain truth is that consumers in the market are colour-blind, and producers concerned with minimising costs have a strong interest in employing and training the least privileged classes capable of doing the work." - R. Harris & A. Seldon, Not from Benevolence, p.78.

COLOURS: Let everybody pick his own colours - even in economics and politics. - D.Z. & JZ, 2/75.

COLOURS: Nice people come in all colours." - Bumper sticker that I saw and bought once, many years and cars ago. - JZ, 1.10.02. - RACISM

COMFORT: If a nation or an individual values anything more than freedom, it will lose its freedom; and the irony is that if it is comfort or money it values more, it will lose that too." - W. Somerset Maugham - MONEY, SECURITY & LIBERTY

COMMAND ECONOMY: A market confronts a command economy: in the former what is produced is ultimately determined by what people with money to buy are prepared to buy; in the latter the crux is what people in a position to enforce their commands choose to command." - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.136. – PLANNING, INTERVENTIONISM, PRICE CONTROLS, SUBSIDIES, TAXATION, MONETARY DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING

COMMAND ECONOMY: A police state finds it cannot command the grain to grow." - John F. Kennedy, State of the Union Message, Jan. 14, 1963.

COMMAND ECONOMY: At the basis of Soviet economics is what Michael Polanyi memorably called "Command Planning' - the authority of the parade ground continued in civilian life, but reinforced with sanctions rather more formidable than the glasshouse." - John Gonriet in K.W. Watkins, ed., In Defence of Freedom, p.35.

COMMAND ECONOMY: In a command (controlled, or planned) economy only the commanders (controllers or planners) live well.” – (“In einer dirigierten Wirtschaft leben nur die Dirigenten gut.") - Petan.

COMMAND ECONOMY: In market economies the principal business decisions are taken by individuals, who freely exchange their goods or services. In the command economy, the state makes the fundamental business decisions." - George M. Taber, TIME, 21.4.80. – MARKET ECONOMY

COMMAND ECONOMY: Take the cases of neighboring African countries that have similar peoples, natural resources and other conditions: free-enterprising Kenya has surged, whereas Tanzania's command economy has slumped; the Ivory Coast is capitalist and prosperous, while neighboring Guinea is socialist and impoverished." - George M. Taber, TIME, 21.4.80.

COMMAND ECONOMY: There are three known ways in which people can be brought to co-operate for their mutual benefit. First, they can be given orders - The COMMAND SYSTEM, which remains a command system even if those who give the orders are elected by the shop floor (1) or the commands are determined by majority vote. - Secondly, they can do what is required out of mutual benevolence - UNENFORCED GOOD BEHAVIOUR. - Thirdly, they can co-operate because it is in their private interest to provide others with what they require - THE MARKET SYSTEM." - Samuel Brittan, Participation without Politics, 15. - (1) Here one should distinguish e.g. elections among small autonomous work groups, of optimal size for a job from the unionist to syndicalist elections among many people in a large factory or even industry. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMAND ECONOMY: There is no comparison between goods produced by decree and those produced to supply wants registered in the market. Goods produced by decree are qualitatively inferior (*); they are orphans in the market place, seeking some kind-hearted soul who will adopt them..." - Clarence B. Carson, in THE FREEMAN, Aug. 77. - (*) or excessively costly or rare, or all three. - JZ

COMMAND ECONOMY: With wage controls come price controls and the whole paraphernalia of the command system." - Hans Sennholz, Inflation or Gold Standard? p. 16.

COMMANDISM: Commandism is wrong in any type of work." - Ascribed to Mao, in ANALOG, 11/76, p. 71. - So what was he doing in the top command position, for all too many years? - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMANDMENTS: An American girl who spoke scoldingly of the Ten Commandments said: 'They don't tell you what you ought to do and only put ideas into your head.'" - Herbert Henry Asquith Earl of Oxford. – JOKES, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

COMMANDMENTS: If Jehovah had been civilised, he would have left out the commandment about keeping the Sabbath, and in its place would have said: 'Thou shalt not enslave they fellow-men.'" -Robert Ingersoll, About the Holy Bible. - GOD, SUNDAY-OBSERVANCE LAWS, SLAVERY, TEN COMMANDMENTS,

COMMANDMENTS: Moses: The inventor of the ten most universally broken laws." - L. L. Levinson, Webster's Unafraid Dictionary. - I micro-filmed George Hardy's "Society in Conflict". In it he attempts to offer an improved draft. - Dagobert Runes offers a criticism in his "Handbook of Reason", p. 56. - G. Szmak offered "The Ten Demandments of Economic Order." - A Humanist criticism of the Ten Commandments can be found in THE AUSTRALIAN HUMANIST, No.1, Dec. 66, 6pp, by Beatrice Faust, under the heading: "Ethics vs. Morality." - Alas, I have no short alternative formulas to the 10 Commandments on hand. They would, anyhow, fit better into an encyclopaedia of the best refutations. - JZ, 7.6.94.

COMMANDMENTS: The 11th Commandment: Thou shalt not get away with it." - from film: Remo Unarmed & Dangerous, 1985, featuring Fred Ward.

COMMANDMENTS: the anecdote of the gypsy, who replied, upon being asked whether he had heard of the Ten Commandments: he had heard on the grapevine that they were going to be repealed and thus he would not have troubled about them." - Dr. Herbert Stegeman, DER TAGESSPIEGEL, 25.11.51. – JOKES

COMMANDMENTS: There are no commandments, because there is no commander anywhere." - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.137. – Instead, we have territorial mis-rulers and their avalanches of legislation. – JZ, 10.11.10. - GOD

COMMANDMENTS: Write your own commandments." - Alta, quoted in RED & BLACK, 4/73. Or choose the personal law panarchy that suits you. – JZ, 10.11.10. PERSONAL LAWS

COMMANDS: If there is a devil in human history, the devil is the principle of command. It alone, sustained by the ignorance and stupidity of the masses, without which is could not exist, is the source of all the catastrophes, all the crimes and all the infamies of history." - Bakunin, Dol. p. 257. - OBEDIENCE, SUBORDINATION, STATISM

COMMANDS: I'm so sick of people telling me what to do." - From film: The Hunter is for Killing, 2 Jan. 82, Channel 4.

COMMANDS: The instinct to command ... is a ... savage instinct." - Bakunin, Protestation of the Alliance, 1871.

COMMANDS: The man of virtuous soul commands not nor obeys." - Josiah Warren, in his notebook, quoted by Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.68. – OBEDIENCE, STATISM, VOLUNTARISM

COMMANDS: There is one thing in the world more wicked than the desire to command, and that is the will to obey." - William Kindon Clifford. - RULERS, EVIL, POLITICIANS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, OBEDIENCE

COMMISSIONS: a commission's report does not and cannot reflect the strengths of its individual members." - Stigler, The Intellectual & the Market Place, p.19. – BOARDS, BUREAUCRATY, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY,  COMMITTEES

COMMISSIONS: Commissioners, when your stupid programs finally lead to bankruptcy and revolution, and some idiot puts a gun to you head, I will remember that you used force against me, and I will give you all the help you deserve." - JAG, 27. 3. 73. (In a discussion of the social insecurity system.)

COMMISSIONS: Don't abdicate your conscience, rights and responsibilities to any commission, committee or board. - JZ, 30.10.76. – Any priest, general, government or trade union official, either. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMISSIONS: I do not conclude that commissions would be excluded from the good society, ... Those commissions which buy time are often splendid social assets - they provide a cooling-off period on public passions, a function the United States Senate no longer fulfils so efficiently. Those which propagandise - that is, most of the other commissions - are finding that competition, the life of trade, can become the death of influence. The commission reports are now so numerous as to have become unimportant. Yet they will undoubtedly persist, unless displaced by some more dramatic innovation such as the summit conference, until a fateful day. That day, the theory of probability tells us, must eventually come: TWO distinguished and impartial commissions will simultaneously issue conflicting reports. Then the secret will be out: bringing twenty men together for eighty hours yields a weak formulation of somebody's ideas." - Stigler, The Intellectual and the Market Place, 22/23. – SUMMIT CONFERENCES

COMMISSIONS: The government does not even ask 'How come?' It goes on piling Commission on Commission, laws on laws." - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 8/76.

COMMISSIONS: This still leaves many activities which, like the IRC and the Land Commission, can best be reformed by abolishing 'neddy' and all the 'little neddies', the industrial training boards (despite their Conservative paternity), the CONCORDE and the many other offsprings of technology mania, the remaining marketing boards, and even that Uncle Tom Cobleigh of state institutions, the Forestry Commission, could all be despatched without loss. The only gap created by their disappearance would be in the telephone directory." – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Goodbye to Nationalisation, p. 31.

COMMISSIONS: What we remember about these commissions is that they labored long and sensibly, that they produced elaborate recipes for reform, that the President and Congress acted favorably on their recommendations, and that the bureaucracies hastened to comply. What is forgotten is that six months later the results of these mighty and conscientious labors are imperceptible. Government does not cost less and work better. It costs more and works less well. Government is forever reorganising itself, like a restless sleeper, thinking always that a new position will be more comfortable than the last. Efficiency commissions simply compound the initial transgression." - Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.62.

COMMITMENT: In international relations, a statesman's solemn pledge that somebody else will do something." - L.A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon.

COMMITTEES: A camel is a horse designed by a committee and an elephant is a mouse built to military specifications.” - Caxton C. Foster. - STANDARDS, GOVERNMENT SPECIFICATIONS, REGULATIONS, JOKES

COMMITTEES: A committee is a body that keeps minutes and wastes hours.” - Quoted in: NATIONAL INTEREST NEWSPAPER, No. 27, page 14. – ANOTHER VERSION: A committee is a group of people who talk for hours to produce a result called minutes." - A. D., quoted in READER'S DIGEST, 5/76. - JOKES

COMMITTEES: A committee is a cul-de-sac down which ideas are lured and then quietly strangled." - Sir Barnett Cocks. – What prevails in most committee decisions are the usual popular errors, myths, prejudices, fallacies, false assumptions and false conclusions of territorial statists, instead of sound but radical alternative ideas and proposals. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COMMITTEES: A committee is a group of the unprepared, appointed by the unwilling, to do the unnecessary.” – F. Allen, quoted in: Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, p.41. , BOARDS, AUTHORITIES, PARLIAMENTS, LEGISLATORS, JOKES

COMMITTEES: A committee is a life form with six or more legs and no brain." - Robert Heinlein, Time Enough for Love, 353. Also, in Notebooks of Lazarus Long.

COMMITTEES: A committee is a thing which takes a week to do what one good man can do in an hour.” - Elbert Hubbard, Proverbs.

COMMITTEES: A committee is an animal with four back legs." - John Le Carree, Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy.

COMMITTEES: a committee is the only known form of life with a hundred bellies and no brain. But presently somebody with a mind of his own will bulldoze them into accepting his plan." - Robert Heinlein, Methuselah's Children, 18. - Usually only when it, too, conforms to popular prejudices rather than some truth. - JZ, 8.6.94.

COMMITTEES: A conference is a group of people making a difficult job out of what one person could do easily." - Frank Herbert, The Priests of Psi, p. 38. – But there are many jobs to big for one person. They require teamwork, sometimes international collaboration, like between scientists. – If you thinK that this is not true, go ahead and build your own skyscraper - quite on your own. – But temporary conferences do indeed have their limits in what they can achieve. JZ, 17.11.08. – CONFERENCES, SUMMIT CONFERENCES

COMMITTEES: A giraffe is a zebra created by a committee." - Source?

COMMITTEES: A group of men who keep minutes and waste hours." - Anon. - Ascribed to W.G. P.: "A committee is a body that keeps minutes and wastes hours." - "A committee is a group that keeps minutes and loses hours." - Milton Berle.

COMMITTEES: A study of the British example would suggest that the point of ineffectiveness in a cabinet is reached when the total membership exceeds 20 or perhaps 21. The Council of the Crown, the King's Council, the Privy Council had each passed the 20 mark when their decline began. The present British cabinet is just short of that number now, having recoiled from the abyss. We might be tempted to conclude from this that cabinets - or other committees - with a membership in excess of 21 are losing the reality of power and that those with a larger membership have already lost it. No such theory can be tenable, however, without statistical proof. Table II on the following page attempts to furnish part of it." - C. Northcote Parkinson, Parkinson's Law, 19.

COMMITTEES: But, as the great French scholar, Gustav Le Bon, so assuredly demonstrates, commissions and committees are the contradiction of genius. They destroy its creative power. They sink their individual members to a lower level than they really are because of the infection of the crowd spirit, as he calls it." - Dr. G. T. Wrench, Land and Motherland, p.61.

COMMITTEES: By inflating the state's bureaucracies, governments have created a condition where commitment has been replaced by committees, where leadership is abandoned in favor of exhortation, and where no one is responsible for anything." - Kenneth McDonald, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 77, p. 506.

COMMITTEES: Can you imagine a committee directing a concert or steering a ship? – JZ, 11.5.95.

COMMITTEES: Committee - a group of the unfit, appointed by the unwilling, to do the unnecessary." - Steven Harrol. Also ascribed to Carl C. Byers.

COMMITTEES: committee rule with its anonymity and evasion of personal responsibility." - Thomas Robertson, in Social Relations and Freedom, published by Modern Publishers, Indore, India, p. 6.

COMMITTEES: Committee: an avenue into which good ideas are lured and quietly strangled." - Anon., quoted in READER'S DIGEST, 10/82. - Parliaments do not even lure them - but rather deter them. - JZ, 22.10.82. - A good suggestion box scheme can be much more productive of good ideas and projects than most parliaments are. See: IDEAS ARCHIVE. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMITTEES: Committees are centres for backbiting, back-stabbing and unproductive criticism, not for truth-seeking and achieving something positive. - JZ, 8.6.94.

COMMITTEES: Committees are devices to keep individuals from going very wrong, not devices to reach truth where the policy issues are seriously controversial or the analytical or factual questions are complex. No commission has ever solved a hard problem in any intellectual sense: at its rare best, a commission has split or overawed the opposition." - Stigler, The Intellectual and the Market Place, p.20.

COMMITTEES: Committees are irresponsible opinion makers. They neither profit nor lose from their decisions; they profit merely from serving time and giving any old opinion. - JZ, 5.2.77.

COMMITTEES: Committees are no substitute for experimental freedom, free enterprise and panarchism (communities, societies and governments competing exterritorially and with and for voluntary members only, deciding only on their own affairs.) – JZ, 13.11.08.

COMMITTEES: Committees can't make up their own minds. They do not have any. But, at least theoretically, they could help participating individuals to make up their own minds. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMITTEES: Committees of twenty deliberate plenty / Committees of ten act now and then / But most jobs are done by committees of one.” – Prof. C. Northcote Parkinson.

COMMITTEES: Committees, like cooperatives, conferences, seminars, meetings, without proper motivation, incentives and organisation, are worse than useless. - JZ, 9.6.92.

COMMITTEES: Don't abdicate your conscience, rights and responsibilities to any commission, committee or board. - JZ, 76.

COMMITTEES: For in a cabinet of nine it will be found that policy is made by three, information supplied by two, and financial warning uttered by one. With the neutral chairman, that accounts for seven, the other two appearing at first glance to be merely ornamental. This allocation of duties was first noted in Britain about 1639, but there can be no doubt that the folly of including more than three able and talkative men in one committee had been discovered long before that. ..." - C. Northcote Parkinson, Parkinson's Law, p.32.

COMMITTEES: God so loved the world that he didn't sent a committee!" - T. E., in READER'S DIGEST, 8/76. – Well, if all its members had been crucified then this would at least have been one committee less. – JZ, 17.11.08. - JOKES

COMMITTEES: I have heard a committee described as a group of the unwilling, appointed by the incompetent, to do the unnecessary." - MICROGRAPHICS AUSTRALASIA, 10/78, p.22.

COMMITTEES: If committees could solve problems then all our problems would be solved already, for we have, probably, more committees than problems. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMITTEES: If Moses had operated through committees, the Israelites never would have got across the Red Sea." - Gen. William Booth, Salvation Army founder. Quoted Edward Morello, N.Y. WORLD-TELEGRAM, 28 July 1965.

COMMITTEES: If we do not halt this steady process of building commissions and regulatory bodies and the special legislation like huge inverted pyramids over every one of the simple constitutional provisions, we shall soon be spending many billions of dollars more.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt. - He did not halt this process but caused himself much of it. - And he still has his faithful believers, because he was a statists and so are they. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - COMMISSIONS, BOARDS ETC

COMMITTEES: If you have ever observed a committee, you know that the highest intelligence in a room isn’t the sum of its occupant’s IQs, but simply that of the brightest individual – divided by the number of other people in the room.” - L. Neil Smith, Lever Action, A Mountain Media Book, 2001,, p. 74. - And yet even the brightest individual can often learn something in a free discussion with someone not so bright, since we are all exposed to different information sources and experiences. – JZ, 27.9.07.

COMMITTEES: If you live in a country run by committee, be on the committee.” – Graham Summer. - Even there you will often only have one voice among many. Individual rights and liberties mean something very different. Being on a committee is, in present situations, only the least evil but still an evil, not only through the time largely wasted there and through the "products" of such a system. - JZ, 24. 11. 06. Rather run from this country or secede from it, if you can. Even despots have, sometimes, been more just and rational in their decisions. – JZ, 6.4.12.

COMMITTEES: If you want to kill any idea in the world today, get a committee working on it." - Charles F. Kettering. - Quoted by Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, p.96. (By the way, Read used to collect quotes and published some short extracts. Does that collection still exist in his papers? It should be published separately, online and on disc and also included here. - JZ, 8.6.94.) – Also in: ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. - IDEAS

COMMITTEES: In fact, the committee room may be called the grave of honourable ambition." - E. L. Godkin, Unforeseen Tendencies of Democracy, p.116.

COMMITTEES: It is power not free association and teamwork that makes many committees stupid, slow and irresponsible. - JZ, 23.11.02. – POWER, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

COMMITTEES: More than three people can't decide anything.” - Robert Heinlein, The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress, IF SF, April 66, 142. – Neither one person nor several should ever even attempt to decide about anything or everything for everybody in a territory, At most they could and should decide to let the decisions be made by individuals for themselves and by groups only for members of the groups subscribing to whatever decision-making process a group has. – JZ, 13.11.08. DECISIONS, PANARCHISM, SELF-GOVERNMENT, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, LEADERSHIP, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

COMMITTEES: No committee should be given exclusive powers for decision-making. At best they can collect different kinds of advice. - JZ, 9.6.92, 8.6.94.

COMMITTEES: No great achievements of humanity ever came through government committees." - Milton Friedman.

COMMITTEES: Of all the man-made laws on the statute books, an inestimable number are examples of bad law. This was so in the past, and the future will be little different, for man is now and forever imperfect. Nor is it difficult to see how these imperfections are pyramided through the collective action involved in the making of laws. Men acting as individuals always behave more responsibly, sensibly, and in accord with conscience, than men acting in committee." - L. E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.117.

COMMITTEES: Parliaments are the worst committees of all. They gather the worst men: the most immoral, ignorant and prejudiced - and give them almost unlimited power over the lives, liberties and property of all others. - JZ, 8.6.94. – PARLIAMENTS, DEMOCRACY, LEGISLATORS, LAWS

COMMITTEES: Should just be groups to explain and criticise ideas and proposals but not to thwart, direct, favour or prohibit any creative activities. They should be think tanks, never forced growth tanks or acid baths. Let them brainstorm and suggest but never command, subsidise or prohibit. - JZ, 5.11.82. – They should encourage experiments among volunteers but never give commands, unless they finance one or the other experiment, among volunteers - and take the responsibility for it. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMITTEES: Sometimes I think the best committee is a committee of one. Some of the world's best governments have been run that way." (*) - D. G. McKinnon, a senior inspector with the Public Service Board, quoted in Column 8, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 7.6.77. - Idi Amin would certainly agree, so would Hitler, Stalin and Mao. – (*) Also some of the worst. – JZ, n.d. & 30.1.13.

COMMITTEES: Statistics have proved that the surest way to get anything out of the public mind and never hear of it again is to have a Senate Committee appointed to look into it..." - Will Rogers. - BOARDS, COMMISSIONS, BUREAUCRACY, RESPONSIBILITY, PUBLIC OPINION, COVER-UPS

COMMITTEES: The committee is a dead end, into which ideas are drawn and then quietly throttled." - John A. Lincoln.

COMMITTEES: The committee is a group of people who, individually, cannot do anything but, they do get together and decide that nothing can be done." - Anon.

COMMITTEES: The committee is not the source, but the graveyard, of brilliant ideas." - PHILOLOGOS, Nov./Dec. 76. – The brilliant ideas are mostly not represented there by anyone or simply not put on its agenda. If they are, then they are almost automatically rejected. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COMMITTEES: The committee is the organization where the time of good and able people is wasted." - Free version after a remark by L. Chipman, 29.5.77.

COMMITTEES: The English way is a committee. We are born with a belief in a green cloth, clean pens, and twelve men with grey hair." - Walter Bagehot, 1826-1877.

COMMITTEES: The ideal committee consists of two, four or six people who haven't time, and one person who likes to run things his own way." - K. N. H., quoted in READER'S DIGEST, 5/78.

COMMITTEES: The ideal committee is of three members - like myself in the chair and the other two in bed with laryngitis." - Lord Mancroft, b. 1914. - JOKES

COMMITTEES: The more people on a committee, the more preconceptions applied to the problem.” - Frank Herbert, Chapterhouse Dune, p.166.

COMMITTEES: There are few imaginative committees and virtually no radical ones, which is inevitable because imaginative and radical thinkers have no time for committee work, even if by some chance they should be asked to undertake it.” - Martin Woodhouse, Rock Baby, Pan Books, London, 1970, p.175. – Here, too, panarchism or polyarchism would make a difference. Like-minded volunteers are much more likely to achieve satisfactory solutions between them, for their kind of community than committees representing all the diverse views territorially thrown together by present States. – JZ, 24.9.07.

COMMITTEES: To get something done, a committee should consist of no more than three men, two of them absent." - Dr. Laurence J. Peter, JOKES

COMMITTEES: To preserve the illusion of generalised human helplessness upon which they thrive, they must discourage creativity by any means possible. And what more effective way is there than to establish committees as roadblocks in every conceivable field of human endeavor?” - PHILOLOGOS, Nov./Dec. 76. – A permanent and world-wide archive of ideas and register of talents would keep permanently available what is offered in this sphere, together with comments and criticism. – Many more ideas and talents can thus become offered in special markets for them than can be expected to exist in any committee. – JZ, 17.11.08. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, LIBERTARIAN BIBLIOGRAPHY, ABSTRACTS & REVIEW COLLECTION, INDEX TO ALL LIBERTARIAN WRITINGS, ARGUMENT MAPPING

COMMITTEES: Was any great innovative idea ever the result of a committee meeting? - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMITTEES: We are aware that tradition says that the way to sweep something, anything, under the carpet is to appoint a committee to take care of it." - Ernest Taves, Jupiter One, GALAXY 9/76, p. 49.

COMMITTEES: We have scarcely begun to tackle the great plague of committees, which bear much the same relationship to industry as locusts do to crops." – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor of "Goodbye to Nationalisation", p. 20.

COMMITTEES: What are parliaments else than over-large committees, with all the flaws of committees and the additional ones of being over-sized and subject to party politics? - JZ, 2.10.02, 10.11.10. - PARLIAMENTS

COMMITTEES: what Biedenkopf called 'the collective flight from responsibility.' Here one can no longer account whether waste occurs or good economics. The regime of committees at universities constitutes a system of administration in which no one can any longer be concretely held responsible for anything...." - Erika Herbst, “Alle suchen nach Lösungen - wir haben sie”, S. 102.

COMMITTEES: Why is a committee rarely if ever right? Simply because its conclusions or resolutions are an amalgam, compromise, potpourri of the members' varying conceptions of what ought to be done. The final position is whatever a majority finds not too offensive; in few circumstances is it strictly in accord with what any single conscience dictates as right. A committee can rarely be right unless one endorses the naive notion that might makes right or, its equivalent, that whatever a majority endorses is right. - Third, in what respect do persons among the mill run of us resemble a committee and, thus, fail to stand for what is right? Most of our proclaimed positions are divorced from and are not dictated by highest conscience. Instead, they are determined by the circumstances which surround the person: pressures, popular opinions, clichés, fear of disapproval, desire for fame, wealth, power, and so on. As in the case of committee resolutions, proclaimed positions are, for the most part, no more than an amalgam, compromise, potpourri of environmental circumstances. - TRUTH - WHAT'S RIGHT - IS NOT TO BE FOUND IN THIS!” - Read, Who's Listening? p.169. – COMPROMISES, FACTIONS, SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS, LOBBIES, EXPERTS VS. LAYMEN

COMMITTEES: Wisdom isn't achieved merely by gathering heads, no matter how ignorant and prejudiced they are towards the real solutions. - JZ, 29.10.93. - CONFERENCES, BOARDS, BUREAUCRACY, ROYAL COMMISSIONS, DEMOCRACY, PARLIAMENTS, MAJORITY, COLLECTIVISM

COMMITTEES: With full competition and freedom of trade, // Each dollar, as spent, votes what shall be made. // A thousand commissions, // Working daytime and night, // Could not guide production //  So nearly aright." - Willford L. King.

COMMITTEES: You got to go or you are done." - L. Chipman, 29.5.77.

COMMITTEES: You'll find in no park or city a monument to a committee." - Boris Pasternak, quoted in THE PETER PLAN, by L. J. Peter, p.188.

COMMODITY, LABOUR AS A COMMODITY: Man does not only sell commodities, he sells himself and feels himself to be a commodity." - Erich Fromm, Escape from Freedom, 1941. - Where would man be if his services had no marketable value? Back in the caves! And ideologues like Marx and Fromm would have put him there. Trading one's knowledge, one's skills, one's services or one's goods is neither dishonourable nor undignified. It is a natural way to make one's living by one's own efforts. - JZ, 8.6.94. –

COMMON FOLKRoosevelt wanted to do good for the common folk without permitting the common folk to do good for themselves." - Karl Hess, PLAYBOY interview, 7/76. - SELF-HELP, DO-GOODERS, WELFARE STATE, POOR & NEEDY PEOPLE

COMMON GOOD: Does not the common good consist out of the good of the individuals and is not, therefore, the good of the individual the precondition for the good of the whole?” - John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.165.

COMMON GOOD: For the own and the common good it is better, as a rule, to get things and services in exchange than merely to be given them. - JZ, 25.11.80. - EXCHANGE, CHARITY, WELFARE STATE, TRADE

COMMON GOOD: He who would do good to another must do it in minute particulars. General Good is the plea of the scoundrel, hypocrite, and flatterer." - William Blake, 1757 - 1827. - BENEVOLENCE, GENERAL GOOD, PUBLIC INTEREST

COMMON GOOD: How can we expect this maternalistic state to realise a common good when it is composed of social and economic groups whose interests are often totally incompatible?" - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.4. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, PATERNALISM, COLLECTIVISM

COMMON GOOD: how could anyone - however well-intentioned - know hat was really for the common good?” - Michael F. Flynn, The Washer at the Ford, ANALOG, 6/89, 53. – Territorialism is not and cannot be in the common interest. Personal law, individual free choices, exterritorial autonomy and experimental freedom for all, are. – JZ, 30.1.13. - COMMONWEAL, PUBLIC INTEREST

COMMON GOOD: Humanitarians say that human beings must forget themselves in order that the 'common good' can be served. But what is the 'common good' but the sum of what is good for each individual that makes up a society? Therefore, how can the good of society be separated from the good of the individuals who compose it?" – Richard Grant, The Incredible Bread Machine, p.136. – By allowing individual free choice between all kinds of societies – for themselves. – It is territorialism and its power- and monopoly games that are against the common interests of all. - JZ, 30.1.13. - PUBLIC INTEREST, ALTRUISM, SELFISHNESS, EGOISM, SELF-INTEREST


COMMON GOOD: Let the market work, and the ambition of each individual will serve the common good of society." - Perry E. Gresham, in THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – Free markets and free experiments in every sphere, all only for their volunteers, are in the common interest of all. – JZ, 30.1.13. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

COMMON GOOD: The "common good" is the general misnomer and camouflage for all too common evils. - JZ 73. - TERRITORIALISM

COMMON GOOD: The common good is not my cup of tea. It is the uncommon good in which I am interested." - Fran Lebowitz, quoted in LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, Sept. 78, by Justin Raimondo.

COMMON GOOD: The good of those who use the expression, 'the common good'." - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon. - JOKES


COMMON GOOD: The well-being of the State must not be confused with the welfare or happiness of the citizens of the State, for these can be attained more easily and satisfactorily in a state of nature (as Rousseau maintained) ..." - Jeffrie G. Murphy, Kant: The Philosophy of Right, p.126.

COMMON GOOD: These stores to be used for the common good.’ The expropriation was qualified, and Taita wondered expressionlessly who would determine the common good. – Wilbur Smith, Warlock, Pan Books, 2002, p.85. -   – GOVERNMENT, BUREAUCRACY, PUBLIC SERVANTS, NATIONALIZATION, PROPERTY & EXPROPRIATION, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY MUNICIPALIZATION, STATIZATION, STATE SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM

COMMON GOOD: To sacrifice all the individual and local interests to the so-called good of the whole is a fallacious abstraction, since the whole is only composed of individuals." - W. A. Dunning, A History of Political Theories, Recent Times, p.201. – INDIVIDUALISM VS. COLLECTIVISM, VOLUNTARISM VS. STATISM & TERRITORIALISM

COMMON GOOD: To sustain the individual freedom of action contemplated by the Constitution is not to strike down the common good, but to exalt it; for surely the good of society as a whole cannot be better served than by the preservation against arbitrary restraint of the liberties of its constituent members." - Justice George Sutherland. - Among these liberties is individual sovereignty, which, in combination, is expressed in panarchies: exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers and realized through individual secessionism. - JZ, 8.6.94, 2.10.02. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, CONTRACT, ASSOCIATION, DISASSOCIATION, EXPERIMENTATION UNDER PERSONAL LAW OR EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

COMMON INTEREST: Only win-win games, not zero sum games are in the common interest. All restrictions of free market, free trading, free enterprise, free contract and voluntary and exterritorially autonomous relationships express special and wrongful rather than common interests. - JZ, 8.6.94, 10.11.10.

COMMON KNOWLEDGE: Something generally known among the ignorant." - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon. - PUBLIC OPINION, PREJUDICES, ERRORS, MYTHS, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS

COMMON LAW: Common Law, after more than 1000 years of juridical development, has still not led to a comprehensive, rightful and sensible declaration of individual rights. Thus, to me, it is only of rather limited value. - JZ, 25.5.93.

COMMON LAW: Finally, the major body of Anglo-Saxon law, the justly celebrated COMMON LAW, was developed over the centuries by competing judges applying time-honoured principles rather than the shifting decrees of the State." - Rothbard, For a New Liberty, in OPTION, 6/78.

COMMON LAW: It appears in our books that in many cases the common law will controls Acts of Parliament, and sometimes adjudge them to be utterly void: for when an Act of Parliament is against common right and reason ... the common law will control it and adjudge such an act to be void." - Edward Coke, Dr. Bonham's Case, 1610. - Perhaps that was once the case, to a considerable extent. However, when I contemplate legal restrictions of internal and external trading, the prevalence of legal monopolies, and monetary despotism, I cannot come to believe that it was ever very effective in upholding individual rights. If the Common Law had been really effective like that then we would not have 90 - 99% of the laws we do have now. - JZ, 8.6.94.

COMMON LAW: resurrect common law as the fundamental basis of the legal system; and... reduce statute law to an absolute minimum." - Economic Policy Statement of the Workers Party, 12/75. - That would be the result, after a while, for many enlightened people, once they were freed to individually secede from any territorial government and to associate in exterritorial autonomy. We may have centuries to wait, if not forever, to see it realized as a result of territorially collective enlightenment and decision-making. - JZ, 8.6.94.

COMMON LAW: The developed countries are Common Law countries. Europe has also developed law.” – Sudha Shenoy, 24.7.04. – What kinds of law do Japan, South Korea & Taiwan have? – JZ  & DEVELOPMENT

COMMON LAW: Today's courts are generically derived from the common law courts; and the methods of common law are applied to all laws, including statute law. This fact is of considerable importance, since the 20th century explosion of statute law has resulted in a complexity of arbitrary, conflicting, contradictory, vague, and badly formulated laws. The full effect of these laws has been muted (*) by the common law practices of the courts. Courts can and do change the INTENTIONS of a law quite legitimately through their interpretations of that law. Courts build up bodies of precedent around statute laws (in the method of the common law) which become as important as the law itself in the legal process." - FREE ENTERPRISE, 10.74. - (*) By how much? - Has it been more effective than sunlight in the Arctic and Antarctic, in keeping down snow and ice? - JZ, 8.6.94.

COMMON LAW: Trial by the country, and no taxation without consent, were the two pillars of English liberty, (*) (when England had any liberty,) and the first principles of the Common Law. They mutually sustain each other; and neither can stand without the other. Without both, no people have any guaranty for their freedom; with both, no people can be otherwise than free. - Trial by the country, and no taxation without consent, mutually sustain each other and can be sustained only by each other, for these reasons: 1. Juries would refuse to enforce a tax against a man who had never agreed to pay it. They would also protect men in forcibly resisting the collection of taxes to which they had never consented. Otherwise, the jurors would authorise the government to tax themselves without their consent - a thing which no jury would be likely to do. In these two ways, then, trial by the country would sustain the principle of taxation without consent. 2. On the other hand, the principle of no taxation without consent would sustain the trial by the country, because men in general would not consent to be taxed ..." - Spooner, Works, II. - (*) Full liberty needs many more principles than those two. - If these two principles had been so effective, would we have all the taxes and legal restrictions that we do have now? - Even the system of autonomous juries needs competition and so do tax systems. They should only be applied within volunteer communities. These can peacefully coexist in any country only on the basis of exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 8.6.94. - PANARCHISM

COMMON MAN: the 'common man' is recruited en masse against the one system which has consistently offered men a chance to become 'uncommon'." - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.49. - CAPITALISM, EDUCATION, SOCIALISM, WELFARE STATE, COLLECTIVISM

COMMON MAN: I do not choose to be a common man. It is my right to be uncommon - if I can." - Dean Alfange, THE FREEMAN (?), 6/73.

COMMON MAN: Now I recognize, indeed, that a quite common man could not exist at all and that it is a vain ambition to be like all the world. For all the world consists merely out of individuals and no individual equals another." - Andre Gide, Der schlechtgefesselte Prometheus, S. 16. - MAN, HUMAN BEINGS, EQUALITY, INDIVIDUALISM, INEQUALITY, EGALITARIANISM, EQUALITY, INEQUALITY, INDIVIDUALISM

COMMON SENSE: A carcass is better than a scholar without common sense." - Vayikra Rabbah, i, 15.

COMMON SENSE: A man of great common sense and good taste, meaning thereby a man without originality or moral courage.” - G. B. Shaw. - CONFORMITY, PUBLIC OPINION, POPULAR OPINIONS, ERRORS, BELIEFS, PREJUDICES, FALLACIES

COMMON SENSE: All men of common sense disregard authority." - Lysander Spooner. - AUTHORITY

COMMON SENSE: All true knowledge contradicts the common sense." - Creighton. – THEORIES, HYPOTHESES, PRACTICE, PREJUDICES

COMMON SENSE: Common Sense applied to the quite different definitions of common sense shows that quite different and often even opposite meanings and values have been attached to that term. Thus either an agreement ought to be reached on it, or it ought to be dropped from usage. - JZ, 8.6.94.

COMMON SENSE: Common sense is not so common." - Voltaire.

COMMON SENSE: Common sense is the collection of prejudices acquired by age eighteen." - Albert Einstein.

COMMON SENSE: Common sense is what tells you that the world is flat.” – Gregory Hill. – PUBLIC OPINION, PREJUDICES, RED.

COMMON SENSE: It is time we used our common sense. Hard work, not legislation, makes production. Production, not regulation, makes prosperity. The legislature cannot amend the laws of economics any more than it can the law of gravity." - Rae E. Heiple, II, in PROGRESS, 6/77.

COMMON SENSE: Just 'cause it's called common sense don't mean it's common.” - Will Rogers

COMMON SENSE: Nothing is more uncommon than common sense. - JZ, 17.11.76.

COMMONS: A "tragedy of the commons" was created. Everyone, not just the king, was now entitled to try to grab everyone else's private property. The consequences were more government exploitation (taxation); the deterioration of law to the point where the idea of a body of universal and immutable principles of justice disappeared and was replaced by the idea of law as legislation (made, rather than found and eternally "given" law); and an increase in the social rate of time preference (increased present-orientation.) - Hans-Hermann Hoppe. Natural Elites, Intellectuals, and the State. - Ludwig von Mises Institute - I believe that the territorial commons, that of whole countries, "nations" or States and their populations, is the worst one of all. How many million people have been wrongfully killed because of this monopoly claim? Exterritorial autonomy for all kinds of voluntary governance, societal or community systems is the rightful alternative. As personal law tradition it goes back thousands of years, even before there were written laws. – JZ, 23.10.12, Facebook. -TERRITORIALISM, COUNTRIES, NATIONS, STATES, WARS

COMMONS: The libertarian solution to the “pollution” of the commons has always been to eliminate the commons. – J. Neil Schulman, - His books, quotes, articles, blogs and Facebook entries are online but copyrighted. -  PRIVATE PROPERTY & POLLUTION

COMMUNES: that they should set corne every man for his owne particular, and in that regard trust to them selves; in all other things to goe on in ye generall way as before. As so assigned to every family a parcell of land, according to the proportion of their number for that end, only for present use ( but made no division for inheritance ), and ranged all boys and youth under some familie. This had very good success, for it made all hands very industrious, so as much more corne was planted than otherwaise would have bene by any means ye Govr or any other could use, and saved him a great deal of trouble and gave farr better contente. The women now wente willingly into ye feild, and tooke their litle-ons with them to set corne, which before would aledg weaknes, and inabilitie; whom to have compelled would have bene thought great tiranie and oppression. The experience that was had in this commone course and condition, tried sundrie years, and that amongst godly and sober men, may well evince the vanitie of that conceite of Plato and other ancients, applauded by some of later times; - that ye taking away of propertie, and bringing in communitie into a comone wealth, would make them happy and flourishing; as if they were wiser then God." - William Bradford. - COMMUNISM, PROPERTY, UTOPIAN COLONIES, SHARING, INTENTIONAL COMMUNITIES, INCENTIVES

COMMUNICATION: A man doesn't find too many other men he can really talk to in his lifetime." - Chad Oliver, ASTOUNDING SF, Nov. 59. - Compare: “True communication is possible only between equals." – How many could he contact now and via a further improved Internet? – JZ, 30.1.13. – NEW DRAFT, digitized manuscript

COMMUNICATION: a really perfect system of communications would have an extremely inhibiting effect on transportation. Less obvious is the converse; if travel became instantaneous, would anyone bother to communicate? The future will have to choose between many competing superlatives; … – Arthur C. Clarke, Profiles of the Future, Pan Books 1964, p.13. – The Internet may actually have increased the largest industry, namely tourism. Mere information can be communicated more cheaply now than matter or people can be transported fast. Internet communication has led to more online-purchases and thus to an increase of mail orders and their transport requirements. – Communication may also remain safer than travel. - JZ, 3.3.12. – Email exchanges are fast, cheap and save the transportation and shelter costs of personal travels. Email can also be stored until there is time and energy to respond to it. The correspondents do not have to be present at the same time and in the same place, which is the drawback for personal visits and also for participants in conferences and seminars. If the latter are properly recorded, they can be accessed by millions and many of these can also add their comments much later. – JZ, 30.1.13. - TRANSPORTATION, COMPUTER CONFERENCING CAN BE PERPETUAL – FOR MILLIONS

COMMUNICATION: Accurate communication is only possible in a non-punishing situation. This is a very simple statement of the obvious, and means no more than that everybody tends to lie a little, to flatter or to protect themselves, when dealing with those who have power over them, especially the power to punish. (This is why communication between parents and children is notoriously befoozled.)" - R. A. Wilson, The Illuminati Papers, 122.

COMMUNICATION: and softly touch the stranger's mind...." - E. Andujar, in ASIMOV'S SF MAGAZINE, 9/78, p. 26.

COMMUNICATION: Argument mapping, digitized, as recommended by Paul Monk et al on the Internet, has to my knowledge not yet been sufficiently used by anarchists and libertarians to state their cases and to iron out, as far as possible, their remaining misunderstandings and errors etc. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COMMUNICATION: But also they are the better, for they could destroy, and they do not, but seek only to communicate.” - John W. Campbell, The Ultimate Weapon, 104. - Neither the terrorists nor the counter-terrorists, have so far declared quite rightful war-aims. This they have in common with territorial governments fighting “each other” by mutually mass murdering their subjects.. - JZ, 6.10.01, 13.11.08. - COMMUNICATION & APPEALS RATHER THAN ULTIMATUMS & THREATS, RIGHTFUL WAR AIMS, IF POSSIBLE, IN TIME, RATHER THAN MASS MURDER & MASS DESTRUCTION READINESS, TERRORISM, WARFARE, INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING, FRATERNIZATION, DES.

COMMUNICATION: Careful computer studies have now shown that it is just as disadvantageous to try to exceed a listener's, reader's or viewer's perception of the truth, as it is to fall short of that perception." - Joe Fischetti, The I of the Beholder, ANALOG, 10/87, p. 121.

COMMUNICATION: Communication is possible only between equals.” - Robert Anton Wilson & Robert Shea, Illuminatus II, The Golden Apple, 1975, 77, p.193. – If that were quite true then slaves, serfs and soldiers could never have been given any effective commands by their owners, feudal lords and officers. – JZ, 12.11.08. – It would help if flawed and false slogans were largely replaced by truthful ones. – JZ, 26.12.08. - Communication is only possible between equals." - R. A. Wilson, The Conspiracy Papers, p.114, quoting previous writings. - Since there are no equals but only unequals, should one conclude that communication is impossible? Or is the "equality" that is meant an approximate equality in the degree of enlightenment? - JZ, 8.6.94.

COMMUNICATION: Communication without a common referent is impossible." - J. Neil Schulman, The Rainbow Cadenza, p.249. – Terms and definitions still keep us rather apart in our thinking and actions than draw us together in some rightful and rational important collaborations. – JZ, 17.11.08. – LIBERTARIAN DEFINITIONS ENCYCLOPEDIA,

COMMUNICATION: conscious of that supreme thrill of communication." - Anne Morrow Lindbergh, in: “Listen! The Wind." - READER'S DIGEST, July 66.

COMMUNICATION: Don't talk above or below their heads! - JZ, 7.5.91. - Compare: "Communication takes place only between equals." - "Keep it simple - but don't talk down." - "Enlighten, don't lecture."

COMMUNICATION: During his retirement Turgot toyed with inventions of cheap processes for the reproduction of writings, in order to multiply communications and extend progress among those elements of society which were still beyond its pale. The extension of the communications network became a crucial practical measure for the acceleration of the progressive process and was in harmony with the other elements of his theory. Increase communications and an ever greater number and variety of new idea combinations are transmitted to an ever larger number of human beings. ..." - Frank E. Manuel, The Prophets of Paris, p.41. - Now we do have the alternative media - but we do use them all too insufficiently to record and communicate the most important ideas and facts! - JZ, 2.10.02. – CD PROJECT, ARGUMENT MAPPING, LIBERTARIAN DIGITIZED LIBRARY, , DEFINITIONS ENCYCLOPAEDIA, “NEW DRAFT” MANUSCRIPT

COMMUNICATION: Every hierarchy is a communication jam. Every ruling elite suffers from Progressive Disorientation: the longer they rule, the crazier they get. That's because everybody lies to the men in power - some to escape punishment, some to flatter and curry favor. The result is that the elite get a very warped idea of the world indeed. This applies to all pyramidal organisations - armies, corporations, or governments. It even applies to old-fashioned patriarchal families." - R. A. Wilson, Illuminati Papers, p.20. - And a rap session between libertarians amounts often to no more than disorderly and purposeless conversation. - Perhaps because they are so rare - and purposive work is not tied in with their meeting? - Voluntary associations of equals are not generally known to lead to very effective and relevant communications, either. It, too, must often be somewhat organised. - One of the best books I have seen on this subject is: Michael Doyle & David Straus, How to Make Meetings Work, The New Interaction Method, Playboy Paperbacks, 1976, 1977, 1981, 301pp. Full of practical advice, too, even for libertarians, that would help to release and guide their creative energies in meetings, in their own interests and without infringing their basic principles. A way to achieve productive order and collaboration rather than chaos and mere antagonism and personality clashes. - JZ, 17.11.82.

COMMUNICATION: Every human being needs at least a minimum of social contacts for communication purposes. When there has been a severe lack of them, the need for self-expression becomes dammed up and leads, when the opportunity arises, to a flood of words, which others might interpret as a domineering and anti-social attitude. While when opportunities for communication are plentiful, then conversation tends to dry up soon, deals with trivia only or becomes infrequent and depending, to a large extent, on external stimuli. This is a kind of quantity theory on conversation. – JZ, 10.7.82, 15.2.12. - DISCUSSIONS, TALKS, VERBOSITY, SILENCE, CONVERSATION

COMMUNICATION: Exceeding the capacity or violating the mutually agreed-to code, resulting in less information getting across." - Joe Fischetti, ibid. - When you broadcast make sure that receivers are there, switched on, tuned in and listened to by interested and prepared minds. - JZ, 7.5.91. - That is one other reason, apart from the financial one, that I have largely given up upon quantity  mailings to people who have no standing or recent order for the libertarian information that I have to offer on fiche. Let them express a real demand for specific information on my list, with cash enclosed. Usually it does not pay merely to invite such responses, not even by circulating the list of titles offered. Most people do habitually walk past encyclopaedias, bookshops and large libraries or only rarely use them. Being flooded with advertisements, they do ignore most of them. - JZ, 8.6.94. – My online literature list of libertarian titles that I offer on microfiche remains also largely ignored. But then this medium is still very unpopular. –

COMMUNICATION: Hagbard, in fact, fancies himself a sociologist, and has created the Snafu Principle, which holds that COMMUNICATION IS POSSIBLE ONLY BETWEEN EQUALS. All hierarchical organizations in which people function as non-equals are therefore in perpetual communication jam, he asserts; the paradigm is the Army, where the phrase SNAFU ( Situation Normal: All Fucked Up ) indeed originated. But every hierarchy has the same jam-up, Hagbard holds, and this includes corporations, governments, and every other variety of unequal social construct. According to this theory, Hagbard cheerfully announces, the Illuminati plot to create law'n'order must always lead to greater and greater chaos." - Wilson/She, Illuminatus III. (SITUATION NORMAL - ALL FUCKED UP = SNAFU) – HIERARCHIES, RULERS, BOSSES

COMMUNICATION: How people communicate with each other. You know what happens with most of us? We study something and finally reach a conclusion about it. Then we are eager to tell others what our conclusion is. Actually, that's not a particularly smart way to communicate. - When we tell our conclusions to someone else, he usually doesn't know how we reached that conclusion. And if he's never followed that particular line of thought, he's apt to think that we are way off base. - Watch people talking. Listen to them. Mr. A approaches Mr. B. 'What do you think of such and such?' he asks. He's asking for a conclusion on the part of Mr.B. So, Mr. B responds. 'I think this or that.' Immediately, an argument ensures. Mr. A, by one line of reasoning, has reached Conclusion X. Mr. B, by quite another line of reasoning, has reached Conclusion Y. They aren't going to agree because the data each is using are different. They add up to different results. Mr. A and Mr. B frequently part, each marvelling how the other can be so mistaken." – Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, 179/180. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, , ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS, ARGUMENT MAPPING, FLOW CHART DISCUSSIONS, SIGN DEBATES, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ALL THE DIFFERENT DEFINITIONS OF THE SAME TERMS

COMMUNICATION: I suspect that real communication, in person or in writing, occurs very infrequently when attempting to convey new information." - James Styles, GEGENSCHEIN 33. – Unless it is newsworthy for the mass media it will not be reported by them. New ideas and observations as well as new talents need a special and permanent market to bring supply and demand in their sphere systematically and permanently together, world-wide, leaving no worthwhile idea and talent unrecorded, inaccessible. – JZ, 17.11.08. - IDEAS & IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER COMPUTER PROJECT

COMMUNICATION: Illumination cannot be communicated.” - L. E. Modesitt, Gravity Dreams, Orbit, London, 1999, p.219. - Great ideas, visions or illumination can only rarely be communicated. – JZ, 23.12.63. Compare: “Communication takes place only between equals.” – One can see, hear or read a truth but one has to be sufficiently prepared for understanding it. – JZ, 7.10.07. – Free experimentation can demonstrate them effectively. – At least all individual rights and liberties can and should be optimally expressed and publicized. – Freedom ideas can also be communicated in form of good jokes. - JZ, 26.11.08. - ILLUMINATION, GREAT TRUTHS, GREAT IDEAS, , IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENLIGHTENMENT


COMMUNICATION: Libertarians need dozens of new or old but further developed communication channels, information centres, archives and clearing houses. Even they do not communicate sufficiently with each other and provided sufficient preconditions and reference tools for this. They have not even got a sufficiently updated address list for those who like being listed. - JZ, 8.6.94. – The first libertarian electronic “argument map” as recommended online by Paul Monk et al, may still have to be compiled. – JZ, 17.11.08. – NEW DRAFT, DIRECTORIES, LINKS LISTS

COMMUNICATION: Marx was wrong: Society is not determined by the means of production, but by the means of communication. 'All that is, is metaphor,' as Norman O. Brown says. The means and modes of our communicating create the society, the reality-labyrinth, in which we live." - R. A. Wilson, Right Where You Are Sitting Now, p.30.

COMMUNICATION: Men have a right of communication." - Paul Lepanto, Return to Reason, p. 125. - Rather: "to try to communicate". - JZ – How fractionally do they make use of it so far, so that no worthwhile idea or talent or fact does get lost in the shuffle? We can certainly not rely on the mass media, the scientific communities, conventional publishing or even the alternative presses and the Internet in this respect. The most efficient, powerful and affordable alternative media are certainly not yet sufficiently utilized, even when it comes to life-saving, health-promoting, war, crisis and poverty preventing information. – JZ, 17.11.08, 30.1.13.

COMMUNICATION: Our brains are differently programmed and use different operating systems. They can no more be simply interconnected, verbally, than most computers can be just by cabling them together. We need suitable automatic modules and multiple translators that can do the job largely automatically. The usual dictionaries are not enough. Nor is pure logic. Archives of ideas, of definitions, of abstracts, of the best refutations, of truthful slogans, aphorisms and explanations are required. Moreover, comprehensive alphabetical indexes. And they do not lead directly to communication, either, but at least they can show up the diversity of views on single words and ideas and provide thereby, if resorted to, some precondition for mutual understanding, or at least tolerance for diverse views. - JZ, 4.8.86, 8.6.94. - EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, PANARCHISM, CULTURAL REVOLUTION

COMMUNICATION: Rather than throwing your conclusions around, begin your communication with data; with facts. Don't start communicating with the end product of your thought, begin with primary information. Add additional facts as the other party is ready for them. Now you'll be communicating and the chance of a major break-off in communication is frequently avoided." - LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.180. – Guide others gradually with some facts and references until they are able to reach themselves the same conclusion that you are reached before. – If only some good enough reference works, including e.g. joke collections, were available for this task, too of libertarians trying to communicate their ideas. - JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNICATION: Real communication of new ideas, even between friends, is almost as hard as general communication with extraterrestrials - and should be as seriously and as patiently sought and tried. - JZ, 29.11.78. – NUMEROUS REFERENCE WORKS, WHICH WOULD FACILITATE COMMUNICATION – HAVE STILL TO BE PROVIDED. SEE: NEW DRAFT, IDEAS ARCHIVE,

COMMUNICATION: So far as ideas are concerned, meditation on any theme, if positive and honest, inevitably separates him who does the meditating from the opinion prevailing around him..." - Ortega Y Gasset. – Unless they mediate only on the basis of popular myths, errors, prejudices, misconceptions, false assumptions and conclusions. – JZ, 17.11.08. - IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS, THINK

COMMUNICATION: The communications industry has become the largest industry in the world." (*) - Heard on radio. And it offers and distributes still more misinformation than information. It will continue to do so until enough individuals make finally optimal use of the alternative media which they can afford. - JZ, 20.11.93, 8.6.94. – (*) The same was said, not so long ago, about the tourist industry. – JZ, 17.11.08. - IDEAS ARCHIVE (PEACE PLANS 20 & 183), CD-ROM Project, CULTURAL REVOLUTION, OPEN AIR SPEAKING, DISCUSSION CENTRES, MEETING CENTRES, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF REFUTATIONS.

COMMUNICATION: The hardest thing for a man with dominance genes and piratical heredity like me is to avoid becoming a goddam authority figure. I need all the feedback and information I can get - from men, women, children, gorillas, dolphins, computers, any conscious entity - but nobody contradicts an Authority, you know. COMMUNICATION IS POSSIBLE ONLY BETWEEN EQUALS: that's the first theorem of social cybernetics - and the whole basis of anarchism - and I have to keep knocking down people's dependence on me or I'll become a fucking Big Daddy and won't get accurate communication anymore." - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus II, 31. - Shea died recently, before I got around to microfiche some of his output, which he let me photocopy. - One microficher is simply not enough to bring all libertarian treasures to light and keep them permanently and cheaply in print, in at least one medium. - JZ, 8.6.94. – This applies likewise to the scanning-in of all libertarian texts, discussions and lectures. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNICATION: To tell another what one has sensed is to point a scene without color or perspective.” - L. E. Modesitt, Gravity Dreams, Orbit, London, 1999, p.415. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM!

COMMUNICATION: Two major wrong communication ways: Not enough distinguishing words or too many of the wrong type. - JZ, 24.1.92.

COMMUNICATION: You may disagree with me, but I shall agree with you!" - Victor Cofman. - TOLERANCE, ARGUMENTS, DISAGREEMENTS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, RED.,

COMMUNISM: a belief that certain ordinary mortals like you and me, who, mostly by fortuitous circumstance, happen to occupy the seats of government for a short time, are far more capable for running your life than you are; ..." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I. - This overlooks, that in the democratic process the worst tend to get to the top. The same applies to most violent revolutions. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: A communist is someone who demands his democratic rights until he has deprived all others of them." - Helmar Nahr.

COMMUNISM: A communist talking against monopoly! That is like Al Capone talking against crime! That is like Hitler talking against bigotry! Communism is the distilled essence of monopoly." - Fred, C. Schwarz, Newsletter, Sept. 72.

COMMUNISM: A cooperative based on envy." - Jeannine Luczak. – How cooperative is it towards dissidents? – It provides special places for them, e.g. concentration camps, forced labor camps, mental asylums or mass graves. – And how “cooperative’ are its nuclear weapons, which would, according to own their theory, wipe out many more proletarians than capitalists? - JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: A favourite Moscow joke concerns the man who could bring dead people back to life. He was asked to recall Lenin, which he did. When the admiring crowds collected to see what the great man thought of modern Russia, however, they found he had vanished again, leaving behind a note saying, 'Gone to Zurich. We must start all over again.'" - Charles Douglas-Home, READER’S DIGEST, 8/83. - JOKES

COMMUNISM: A normal working man's monthly income would be about 15,000 Vietnamese piastres. That's only enough to buy two kilos of pork." – THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 12.11.76. - That is the result of communist national liberation and of its planned 'production for use, not for profit.' - No wonder hundred-thousands of 'boat people' risked their lives in attempts to escape this communist paradise. - JZ 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: A story about Russia's late chairman Leonid Brezhnev tells of the time when he took his mother on a tour. First he showed her his luxurious apartment in Moscow, then they travelled by chauffeur-driven car to his dacha near Usovo. Later, he arranged for a helicopter to fly them to his hunting lodge. - Throughout the day the old lady said little, and seemed strangely ill at ease. Finally, in the banquet hall of the lodge, Brezhnev turned to her and said, 'Tell me, Mama, what do you think of it all?' - "Well, it's very nice, Leonid,' she said after a moment. - 'But what if the Reds come back?'" - "Atticus" in THE SUNDAY TIMES, London, READER’S DIGEST, 8/83. – JOKES

COMMUNISM: a theory of system of social organisation based on holding of all property in common, actual ownership (and therefore actual control) being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state." - Random House Dictionary.

COMMUNISM: Adherents of communist economics must realize that it agrees with anarchism only when it rests on strict voluntarism and is not imposed on anybody, who does not want to resign his right to dispose of the products of his labour himself. – K. H. Z. Solneman, (K. H. Zube) LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 2, S. 13.

COMMUNISM: again demagogues assured starveling masses that their wretchedness was due to somebody else's greed; …" - Poul Anderson, Dialogue with Darkness, p.293. - Starving rather than starveling? - SOCIALISM, EGALITARIANISM, ANTI-CAPITALISM, CAPITALISM, POVERTY, GREED,

COMMUNISM: All communists would love to be capitalists." – T. Z., 18.9.79. - But wealth loves the producers rather than the sharers and jealousy or envy turns easily into hatred. - JZ, 12.3.83.

COMMUNISM: All men have an equal right to the free development of their faculties; they have an equal right to the impartial protection of the state; but it is not true, it is against all the laws of reason and equity, it is against the eternal nature of things, that the indolent man and the laborious man, the spendthrift and the economist, the imprudent and the wise, should obtain and enjoy an equal amount of goods." - Victor Cousin, Justice et charite, 1848. - There is nothing wrong and everything right even with the communist type of sharing - IF it is only realized among volunteers, as long as they can stand it. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: All that makes them different from us is their belief they can do it better with the enterprise of gain all centred in one bureau and even one master mind." - Robert Frost, Frost to Untermeyer, Aug. 9, 1947, pp 347/48. - PLANNING, COMMAND ECONOMY.

COMMUNISM: All the seeming differences among the communist parties of the world are imaginary. All are united on one point: your social order must be destroyed." - Charles Heath, The Golden Egg, p.109. – TOTALITARIANISM

COMMUNISM: America is not fighting communism. It is just fighting for the status quo." - Pat Brookes, 9/72.

COMMUNISM: America plans to 'buy' the world; the communists plan to own it." - Tom Anderson, STRAIGHT TALK, 29.12.77. - At present Japan appears to be the more successful buyer. - JZ, 19.11.82.

COMMUNISM: And what is communism but a government that takes everything one earns and gives back what is left after it fulfils its own desires?" - Kenneth W. Sollitt, THE FREEMAN, Sep. 60, p.8.

COMMUNISM: Any form of liberty within communism means the end of the ideology." - Djilas. – The small concessions granted by the regimes are not enough to lead to their rapid collapse or overthrow. They must become confronted by fully free societies – outside their borders and, as fast as possible, also inside them. And these alternative societies must get maximum publicity e.g. via broadcasting and the Internet. – But at the same time full exterritorial autonomy should be offered to all remaining communists and socialists everywhere! - JZ, 17.11.08. - PANARCHISM

COMMUNISM: As Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., so aptly phrased it, 'A Communist party that regards the democratic process as anything more than a convenience on the road to monopoly power is a phenomenon the world has yet to see." - THE FREEMAN, 2/78, p.71.

COMMUNISM: As early as the 1850s liberal-minded Russians were noting the despotic tendencies of the revolutionary intelligentsia. Herzen even made the extraordinarily prophetic remark, ‘I believe that there is some justification for the fear of Communism which the Russian government begins to feel: Communism is the Russian autocracy turned upside down!’ – a formulation to be repeated, specifically of Lenin and his Party, by Rosa Luxemburg half a century later. - TYRANNY: … the conjunction of dreaming and ruling generates tyranny.” – Robert Conquest, We & They, Civil and Despotic Cultures, Temple-Smith, London, 1980, p.65. - AUTHORITARIANISM, TOTALITARIANISM, DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT OR THE COMMUNIST PARTY, TYRANNY

COMMUNISM: As long as in the Soviet Union, in China and in other communist countries there is no limit to the use of violence, how can you consider yourselves secure or at peace? ... You cannot love freedom just for yourselves and quietly agree to a situation where the majority of humanity is being subjected to violence and oppression." - A. Solzhenitsyn, in READER’S DIGEST, 3/76. - SECURITY, PEACE, DICTATORSHIPS

COMMUNISM: At EVERY border between Capitalist and Communist countries, the flow of refugees is all in one direction." - E. B. Reith, THE CONNECTION 117, p.62.

COMMUNISM: At least the communists were atheists with regard to the gods and morals of obedient religions, churches and sects. Alas, they favoured their own kind of immoral and irrational obedience, to their own religion and prophets and had their own witch-hunts, Inquisition, torture chambers, slave camps and mass prosecutions and mass murder system. Moreover, they, too, were unable to learn from religious tolerance and freedom to become similarly tolerant themselves. - JZ, 8/93, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: Barbed wire is the only way they make Communism work." – READER’S DIGEST, 12/84. - It does not make it work - but it helps to prevent its collapse. - JZ, 8.9.85.

COMMUNISM: Between us and the communists there is no black and white. We are the grey." - Arthur Koestler.

COMMUNISM: Bolshevism was an excellent (? - JZ) means of making the rich men poor, it had shown no capacity to solve the more important social problem of how to make poor men rich.” - Chad Oliver, Rite of Passage, ASTOUNDING SF, British edition, Sep. 1954, p.113. - BOLSHEVISM, SOVIETS, STATE SOCIALISM, RICH PEOPLE, POOR PEOPLE, POVERTY, WEALTH

COMMUNISM: Boris Pasternak, Russia's Nobel Prize-winning novelist, said out loud what many of his fellow countrymen have doubtless thought secretly about the communist bosses: 'They don't ask much of you. They only want you to hate the things you love and to love the things you despise.'" - LIFE & READER’S DIGEST, 7/62.

COMMUNISM: Both the Communists and our own gibbering socialistic bureaucrats believe in the perfectibility of mankind by the simple expedient of removing property from one group of people and giving it to another, with themselves as the all-encompassing middlemen." - Hayford Peirce, The Missionary Position, ANALOG, 1/77. – PROPERTY, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, PLUNDER

COMMUNISM: Building on his insistence that all government intervention amounted to a war on property and therefore to communism, Bastiat attempted to contrast a proper social framework with the governmentally controlled framework of his time: 'We recognize the right of every man to perform services for himself or to serve others according to conditions arrived at through free bargaining. Communism denies this right, since it places all services in the hands of an arbitrary, central authority. - Our doctrine is based on private property. Communism is based on systematic plunder, since it consists in handing over to one man, without compensation, the labor of another. If it distributed to each one according to his labor, it would, in fact, recognise private property and would no longer be communism. - Our doctrine is based on liberty. In fact, private property and liberty, in our eyes are one and the same; for man is made the owner of his own services by his right and his ability to dispose of them as he sees fit. Communism destroys liberty, for it permits no one to dispose freely of his own labor. - Our doctrine is founded on justice; communism, on injustice. This is the necessary conclusion from what we have just said.' - In his most famous book, THE LAW, Bastiat described socialism and communism, under whatever labels they might appear, as a form of legalized plunder. Recognising that the law is organized force, Bastiat made it clear that such legal plunder could only be ORGANISED INJUSTICE. He went on to emphasise that such organised injustice finally proves so corrupting to the fabric of society as to destroy all social progress and, ultimately, all individual development." - G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.118.

COMMUNISM: Child labor and wage exploitation have always existed, and in fact have been improved by capitalism, not worsened, and he shows that inequities in capitalist societies are less than in communist ones. 'Communist societies', he says, 'resemble pre-capitalist societies, which were egalitarian in the sense that the generally low standard of living caused virtually the entire population to live at about the same level, or rather to vegetate in about the same misery.'" - Joan Kennedy Taylor, in LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 11/77, on J. F. Revel: The Totalitarian Temptation.

COMMUNISM: Commissars are more murderous than junior executives." - Karl Hess, Community Technology, p.68. – TOTALITARIANISM, CAPITALISM

COMMUNISM: Communism and Russia have nothing in common." - Ernest Benn, About Russia, 1930, p. 133. – And yet the Western countries armed themselves with nuclear “weapons” not against the Communist rulers but against the very victims of these rulers! – JZ, 17.11.08. Just like the “liberators” of the “proletarians” of the world armed themselves with nuclear “weapons” not against capitalist or Western governments but against the supposed majority of “proletarians” in the West. Where, outside my PEACE PLANS series was this basic contradiction mentioned and discussed? – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Communism and/or Fascism, what is the difference?" - John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, 10/73.

COMMUNISM: Communism as practised by the State socialists means: 1.) no choice for employees among competing employers and 2.) no choice for consumers among competing suppliers, resulting, inevitably, in double exploitation. - JZ, 14.4.89, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Communism began by incarcerating the few to free the many, and then enchained the many to protect a few." - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. Also in: Treasury of Thought, p. 21.

COMMUNISM: communism breaks down because it provides no adequate incentive for the exertion of superior abilities." - Will Durant, The Story of Philosophy, p.81. - Or they are only used to hold other people down! - JZ, 12.1.83.

COMMUNISM: Communism defined not only its origins, aims and means but also its enemies quite wrongly. - JZ, 19.11.93. - It does not know where it came from, what it is doing and where it is going. - JZ, 15.6.94.

COMMUNISM: Communism doesn't work because people like to own stuff.” - Frank Zappa - PROPERTY

COMMUNISM: Communism finds adherents only there where it does not rule." – Henry Kissinger. (Retranslated from German version.) – Alas, all too many statist and coercive communist ideas and practices have been adopted by all too many supposedly free and anti-communist Western governments. – To that extent it does already rule in the West! - JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Communism for all communists. That's a very severe punishment and all unrepentant communists do deserve it. Having to cope with the resulting disasters among themselves, they will have no time, funds and energy left to fight us. - JZ, 3.5.93.

COMMUNISM: Communism for volunteers only - under personal laws! - JZ, 14.6.89. – That will teach them! If anything can. – JZ, 10.11.10.

COMMUNISM: Communism has driven off the captains of industry and replaced them with captains of demagogy." – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought, also in Treasury of Thought, p. 21.

COMMUNISM: Communism has given its adherents and satellites an abundance only of poverty." - Dagobert D. Runes, Handbook of Reason, p.146. - They couldn't and did not stop all technical and scientific progress - but this hasn't got anything to do with communism. - JZ

COMMUNISM: Communism has never come to power in a country that was not disrupted by war or corruption or both." - John F. Kennedy, Speech to NATO, 3 Jul. 1963.

COMMUNISM: Communism has never concealed the fact that it rejects all absolute concepts of morality. It scoffs at 'good' and 'evil' as indisputable categories. Communism considers morality to be relative. Depending upon circumstances, any act, including the killing of thousands, could be good or bad..." - A. Solzhenitsyn, in READER’S DIGEST, 3/76. – Another and longer version: Communism has never concealed the fact that it rejects all absolute concepts of morality. It scoffs at any consideration of 'good' and 'evil' as indisputable categories. Communism considers morality to be relative, to be a matter of class ideology. And who defines class ideology? The whole class cannot get together to pass judgement. A handful of people determine what is good and what is bad. For example, the murder of more than 10 million peasants, who opposed collectivisation of land in the USSR, was considered good, ..." - NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, Dec. 1975.

COMMUNISM: Communism in government is even worse than communism privately and voluntarily practised by some in their communities. And this in spite of all its democratic or republican pretences. In most cases it simply does not work when going beyond family and friendship groups and even there it has its limitations. – JZ, 11.9.98, 22.9.08. - GOVERNMENTALISM, STATISM, VOLUNTARISM, STATE SOCIALISM, STATE CAPITALISM, SOCIALISM

COMMUNISM: Communism is a drag. It's like one big telephone company. Capitalism gives you a choice, baby, and that's where it's at." - Lenny Bruce.

COMMUNISM: Communism is a political monopoly." - Fred C. Schwarz, Newsletter, Sep. 72. - All territorial States are political monopolies. Communist States just form almost complete political, economic and social monopolies, too. - JZ, 15.6.94.

COMMUNISM: Communism is a primitive and wrong panacea for those with emotionally strong but rationally vague and even contradictory and absurd notions of justice, peace, freedom, poverty etc. - JZ, 16.5.82. - One should add "profit", "capitalism", "competition", "discrimination", "inequality", "market", "corporations", "interest" etc., in order to make a list of pet hate words used by communists with very little awareness of what they actually refer to. - JZ, 12.1.82. – Equality, discrimination, imperialism, colonialism should also be added. They never praised the West for having realized their communist central banking system. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Communism is a threat only to people not free enough to live their own lives and to defend them against all forms of coercive collectivism. - JZ, 8.10.88.

COMMUNISM: Communism is an anachronism, like monarchy. – Stephen Coonts, Hong Kong, ORION, 2000, p.100.

COMMUNISM: Communism is as crude an attempt to explain society and the individual as if a surgeon were to perform his delicate operations with a meat axe." - A. Solzhenitsyn, in READER’S DIGEST, 3/76.

COMMUNISM: Communism is as dead as Lenin. – Stephen Coonts, Hong Kong, ORION, 2000, p.128. -  Alas, in form of territorial State Socialism, Welfare States, taxation and governmental budget spending, as well as inflations and deflations of the government’s monopoly money it is still all too much alive. – JZ, 10.2.12. – Alas, all too many anachronisms are still alive, in form of laws, territorial States, monopolistic institutions and long refuted but still popular opinions and ideas and supposed “ideals”. – JZ, 7.1.12. - STATE SOCIALISM, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION & TERRITORIALISM

 COMMUNISM: Communism is dead in Russia - but Statism is alive. - JZ, 26.8.91.

COMMUNISM: Communism is like one big phone company. Government control, man. And if I get too rank with that phone company, where can I go?" - Lenny Bruce.

COMMUNISM: Communism is not an army, not even a dictatorship. Communism is an idea. It is a belief that individual freedom, as a way of life, will not work." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I, p. 60.

COMMUNISM: Communism is not content with holding one third of the world captive. It is determined to hold the whole world captive, if it can." - Michael Darby, in Mosman Debating Society, 9/72.

COMMUNISM: Communism is self-defeating. When everything belongs to everybody, nobody will take care of anything.” – Socrates, 450 B.C., according to Ed and Virginia Waldmire (? – My handwriting again! JZ) – Rochester, Ill.

COMMUNISM: Communism is the corruption of a dream of justice." - Adlai Stevenson, Speech, Urbana, 1951. - It is rather a nightmarish misunderstanding of justice. - JZ, 9.6.94. - EGALITARIANISM & JUSTICE

COMMUNISM: Communism is the corruption of the sphere of liberty." - Adlai E. Stevenson. (Retranslated from German version.)

COMMUNISM: Communism is the goal in Russia, 'a from each according to ability to each according to need ideology', a 'rob Peter to pay Paul arrangement'. And there's no shortage of dedication; the unification in support of the ideology is enormous. But because this motivation is out of harmony with the emergence or evolution of individual man, a society so motivated must sooner or later decline and fall. In time, the communistic culture will also be referred to in the past tense. I favor this." - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.145.

COMMUNISM: Communism is the religion of Power. To be sure, it has a rationale and even an ethic; but so had Pharaohism, Caesarism, the Inquisition..." - Chodorov, Out of Step, p.180.

COMMUNISM: Communism is, in practice, not a dictatorship of the proletariat but the dictatorship of a bureaucratic elite. The proletariat is exploited by it, in the State's pursuit of power, it is prevented from participation and suppressed in its economic development." - Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Bd. 3, S.184.

COMMUNISM: Communism means extreme centralisation of society and regimentation of the individual." - Hans F. Sennholz, THE FREEMAN, Sep. 1960, p. 22. - That does not fit family communism, utopian communism, monastic communism etc. - JZ, 13.6.94.

COMMUNISM: Communism must be voluntary, freely desired and accepted; for were it instead to be imposed, it would produce the most monstrous tyranny..." - Errico Malatesta, UMANITA NOVA, May 15, 1920. - Did Malatesta deduct from this that, consequently, communists should tolerate capitalistic acts between consenting adults? - JZ, 12.1.82.

COMMUNISM: Communism possesses a language which every people can understand - its elements are hunger, envy and death." - Heinrich Heine. - Communists saw and see the symptoms but neither the causes nor the cures. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMUNISM: Communism thus far, after half a century, has presented us not with a better life, but with better promises. Communism has not increased the earnings of the worker, only his subservience. Thus Communism begins with a promise and ends with a promise; in between there is pure despotism." - Dagobert D. Runes, Handbook of Reason, p.41/42.

COMMUNISM: Communism was an idea. 'It is better, therefore, to attack the idea than to attack the natives.' Communism was, at base, the idea of an all-powerful State ruling over enslaved people. 'That, then, is the idea that we who believe in the American tradition should try to kill, and let all natives alone.'" - Charles H. Hamilton, in introduction to Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p. 24.

COMMUNISM: Communism was the notion that, if you took everything away from people and made them go sit in Siberia, people would behave like perfect little angels.” - P. J. O’Rourke, The CEO of the Sofa, Atlantic Monthly Press, 841 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10003, 2001, p.83.

COMMUNISM: Communism, arch foe of personal freedom, amounts to no more than the imposition of total political control upon every person together with political control of all means of production and distribution." - Robert LeFevre, LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Fall 76.

COMMUNISM: Communism, in Proudhon's eyes, is the primitive form of association, and property originates in man's desire to gain independence from its slavery." - George Woodcock, Proudhon, p.48.

COMMUNISM: Communism, like any other revealed religion, is largely made up of prophecies." - H. L. Mencken.

COMMUNISM: Communism, like fascism and socialism, rests on the principle of the State: that the State, not the individual, is the organization which should direct all activities within a community." - Mark Tier, FREE ENTERPRISE, 8/74.

COMMUNISM: Communism: denial of autonomy, of the urge to 'own' oneself and, by extension, property." - Thomas Szasz, Heresies, p.78.

COMMUNISM: Communist countries lag behind the U.S., economically, as far as they did 30 or 40 years ago." - V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 4/73.

COMMUNISM: Communist managers have been the most ruthless this century - with their work people as well as with their local managers - if an industry or firm fell down on its scheduled performance." - Graham Hutton, All Capitalists Now. – We are still very far from either being all capitalists now or living under whatever other system we would individually and voluntarily together with others, prefer for ourselves. But as men and women we were always tool-users and, to that extent, capitalists. – JZ, 17.11.08. - CAPITALISM

COMMUNISM: Communist Manifesto: A ghost is by-passed in Europe." - Jeannine Luczac. – Alas, not consistently so. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Communist Party, n. In the Soviet Union, the vanguard of the bureaucrats." - L.A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon.

COMMUNISM: communist rule is gangsterism plus ideology. - Lenin was the ideologue personified; when he began to initiate violence he became also the leader of the gangsters." - Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 5/77, p. 272. - What applies to State communism and terrorist and revolutionary communists does not apply to non-violent and voluntary communists or Christian communists, like e.g. the followers of Tolstoi. - JZ, 30.7.92.

COMMUNISM: Communist: "He is the kind of guy who can take it or leave it - mostly he takes it." - Safian, 2/12.

COMMUNISM: Communist: Someone who has given up the hope to become a capitalist." - Anon. - Rather, someone who does not realize that self-ownership could turn him, too, into a capitalist. Just add up the life-time earnings of a supposedly propertyless individual - in the relatively free countries. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: Communists harm communism more than anticommunists"... "some of the blows that the Communists have inflicted on themselves" were so severe that "communism, as a movement and an idea, has not yet recovered from them." - Miodrag Djukic, quoted in NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, No. 4, 1983.

COMMUNISM: Communists have got nothing to lose but their chains. - D.Z., 78.

COMMUNISM: Communists have nothing to lose but their illusions. - JZ, 21.4.94. – And their self-imposed chains. – 10.11.10.

COMMUNISM: Communists in this country now call their Authority, The Party Line, and it lives in Moscow. In theory, communism is the total self-surrender of the individual to the will of this intangible Authority, which of course is always The Good." - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.10.

COMMUNISM: Communists rulers have been lucky for a long time - by not being confronted with all of the complete individual liberty alternatives to communism, anywhere, for any time. - JZ, 10.7.94. – Territorial statism and with it large degrees of coercive collectivism, is still the general rule everywhere. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Communists speak much about "sharing". Are communists in power prepared to share their power? Do they give their dissenters an equal voice and equal rights? Is their income equal to that of their victims? Have they "liberated" anyone but themselves? Do they know any but zero sum games - played to their advantage and to the disadvantage of everybody else? Only communist leaders and their followers profit from communism. All others suffer under it. - JZ, 27.6.89.

COMMUNISM: Communists, too, to have their own exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, nationally and internationally. This could have been a peace- and war aim against totalitarian and territorial communist regimes that would have had the potential to deprive them of most of their followers. - JZ, 4.7.89. – But this is still not the policy against the remaining communist regimes or other despotic regimes. All kinds of alternative governments in exile should be fully recognized against all despotic regimes – but all only for voluntary present and future members. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Contending against communism is to be applauded, but to regard the Moscow apparatus as the sole source of communism is to be led into a first-rate booby trap. Communism is a world-wide phenomenon and originates as much in the minds of Americans as in the minds of any other people. Were we to understand its fallacies and to reject its tenets, we could be impervious to the Kremlin's propaganda. - This booby trap was never laid better than by one high in our bureaucracy when he said, 'The welfare state is the best security against communism.'" - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, 62. - ANTI-COMMUNISM

COMMUNISM: Countries" are not communistic. At most many of a government's officials and their relatively few followers are." - JZ, 17.5.89, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: Disarm communists - but let them do their things to themselves. - JZ, 6.10.93.

COMMUNISM: Don't listen to what they say, but look at what they do." - Resistance slogan in Vietnam, 3.2.77. – AIR RAIDS, RECOGNIZING DICTATORS AS ALLIES. TREATMENT OF POW’S & DESERTERS

COMMUNISM: Enough: The difference between democracy and communism." - Leonard Louis Levinson, Webster's Unafraid Dictionary. - The degree of "enough" that democracies and their mixed economies achieved, was not enough to end the threat of communist regimes immediately or soon enough. - JZ 9.6.94, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Exterritorial autonomy for all communist volunteers, everywhere, no more and no less. And the same liberty for the adherents to any other ism or distinction. - JZ, 1.10.85.

COMMUNISM: Exterritorial autonomy for communist volunteer communities would have the advantage of undermining their remaining revolutionary enthusiasm, terrorist attempts and bureaucratic obstructionism. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: False ideas can be attacked only with counter-ideas, facts and logic (*) ... the ideas of Karl Marx (cannot) be destroyed today by murdering innocent victims of the form of slavery he advocated." - Dr. F. A. Harper, In Search of Peace. - (*) and with experimental freedom in the political, economic and social sphere. - JZ - PROPAGANDA, NUCLEAR STRENGTH, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

COMMUNISM: Far from abolishing poverty, as its defenders often claim, communism actually controls its subjects, in part, by keeping them poor." - TIME, Jan. 4th, 1982.

COMMUNISM: Fascism is an attempt to fight communism with its own weapons." - Anthony Fisher, The Case for Freedom, p.59.

COMMUNISM: Fighting communism rested on fighting the IDEAS of communism. And, as Chodorov enjoyed pointing out, that could be embarrassing. Communism was, after all, just a form of statism. 'The real traitor in our midst is the power seeker.'" - Charles H. Hamilton, in introduction to Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p. 25, quoting F. C. from "Trailing the Trend", ANALYSIS, April 50, 3.

COMMUNISM: For Russian and other captive people in the Soviet Empire communism no longer needs refutation. They know its faults much better than most people in the West. What they do need and are not free to discuss is the complete freedom alternative and the methodology and technology of their liberation. Anti-communist propaganda should be directed mainly against the remaining fools in the West and it should point out all the freedom options to all who want them. - JZ, 11.9.83, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: Frank Chodorov and a few others tried to stem the tide of the armoured cold warriors. The issue, they said, was what it had always been: the need to support individualism and to oppose statism. Communism - in both its international and domestic forms - did represent a threat, but increasing state power and diminishing individual freedom in the process of opposing communism were not the answers. In fact, increasing state power to oppose communism was, ironically, one way to bring communism to America through the back door." - Charles H. Hamilton, introduction to Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.23.

COMMUNISM: From the able to the needy means all too often: From the productive to the unproductive and from the saver to the wastrel. - JZ, 28.3.89.

COMMUNISM: Full exterritorial autonomy even for the volunteer communities of communists. That would rapidly reduce their numbers and their influence. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMUNISM: Full freedom would not only be a continuing threat to totalitarian communism but could rapidly overcome it among all but its fanatic adherents and could reduce it to its application only among these volunteers. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: fully two-thirds of the world's population are now colored red." - Philip C. Clarke, Soviet Threat. - And some still speak of the 'boogy" of communism and of anti-communist "fanatics" and of seeing a communist "under ever bed"! - JZ, 1/83.

COMMUNISM: He also foresaw that communism would only perpetuate and aggravate the conflict." - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.216, on Proudhon.

COMMUNISM: Here is our difference with the Communists - and our strength. They would use their skills to forge new chains of tyranny. We would use ours to free men from the bonds of the past." - Lyndon B. Johnson, Message to Congress, 14 Juan. 1965. - He was contrasting the rival systems' goals in foreign aid, without recognising the resemblances between communist and "capitalistic" government to government foreign aid. - JZ

COMMUNISM: How many murders of innocents does it take to turn a communist intellectual into an anti-communist intellectual and, once he has changed sides, how many murders of innocents, themselves victims of their communist regimes, via ABC anti-people mass murder devices, is he then prepared to sanction? - JZ, 15.8.92. - Anti-communism, Nuclear War Threat, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

COMMUNISM: I don't think communism is any particular danger except insofar as it is statism. We've got enough statism to try to roll back here, and part of that rolling back is the sort of foreign policy and anti-military policy that I advocate...." – Murray N. Rothbard, PENTHOUSE interview, 10/76.

COMMUNISM: I liked the sign I saw in Berlin, after the Wall had come down, showing Karl Marx with the wording: "Proletarians of the World: Forgive Me!" - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMUNISM: I love the Russian people but ... don't trust the communists." - Tanya, in DIRECTIONS, 3 Oct. 80.

COMMUNISM: I prefer the communist hell any time: There is bound to be a fuel shortage there. - JZ, free after a joke in THE FREEMAN, 1/73. - JOKES

COMMUNISM: I'm not sure that communism has a monopoly on the idea that the entire country should be run by one big bureaucracy." - Mike Gunderloy, THE CONNECTION 116, p.75. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, BUREAUCRATY

COMMUNISM: If communism had been any good, its empire would not be a gigantic prison." - Mr. Michael Darby, NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, 12/77, p.22.

COMMUNISM: If Karl Marx were alive today, he no doubt would be horrified by the realities of communism. Marx naively predicted that the dictatorship established by the communists would be a temporary thing, that it would eventually be dissolved because there would be no need for it. He believed that people, after seeing how wonderfully communism worked, would be happy to work 'for the good of society'. - Needless to say, the hundreds of millions of people enslaved in Russia, China, Cuba, Ethiopia, and other communist countries around the globe, are NOT happy to work for 'the good of society'. That is why awesome security forces must be maintained to keep the people from escaping. If collectivism is such a wonderful way of life, I wonder why people, particularly those in Western nations who praise the culture of communist countries like Russia, are not storming their borders trying to get INTO those countries. The flight is most decidedly in the other direction." - Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.103..

COMMUNISM: If men know that everyone will receive the same, regardless of how much each one produces, everyone has a tendency to become more 'needy' and less productive. When motivation is eliminated, producers disappear." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.108. - INCENTIVES, INCOME EQUALISATION, EQUALITY.

COMMUNISM: If the Russians were really so proud of their communist experiment, they would take down the Iron Curtain and put in a picture window." - Alex Dreier, READER’S DIGEST, 11/62. - Rather: If the communists in Russia were ... JZ - BERLIN WALL, BORDERS, FRONTIERS

COMMUNISM: If you will recall our earlier discussion of the capitalistic cycle, the impetus for the productive process is the investment of surplus wealth. How, then, does a communist country carry out an industrial venture? - First, by investing whatever wealth has been accumulated by the government through the efforts of the people. Second, by utilising the country's huge pool of slave labor, which represents a vast reservoir of 'surplus wealth' for the dictatorship. The government merely invests slave labor in its projects, along with whatever surplus wealth it amasses through the efforts of these same slaves. This is precisely how Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev and other Russian leaders built subways, factories, dams, railroads, and virtually all other large-scale projects constructed by the Soviet Union." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.103.

COMMUNISM: In a country where the sole employer is the State, opposition means death by slow starvation. The old principle: who does not work shall not eat, has been replaced by a new one: who does not obey shall not eat." - Leon Trotzky.

COMMUNISM: In a large part of the world the man of today has been the guinea pig of state communism..." - Daniel Guerin, Anarchism, in: Shatz, The Essential Works of Anarchism.

COMMUNISM: In communism, the men who establish the commune plan its economy. They can plan it only on the level of the living conditions that have already been created in that place at that time. (In 1900, no one could have planned a radio network.) They always establish economic equality. To do this, they must plan an economy in which 'every individual has his share of provisions and business set out.' Therefore, no man can be permitted to live after his own fancy; that would not be communism, it would be individualism." - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.24.

COMMUNISM: In dealing with the Communists, remember that in their mind what is secret is serious, and what is public is merely propaganda." - Charles E. Bohlen. (James Reston, Washington Column, N.Y. TIMES, 2. Jan. 1966. Quoted as "Bohlen's Law".0 - DIPLOMACY

COMMUNISM: In his capacity as an enemy of private property, communism, in Rothbard's eyes, becomes 'parasitism'.... Communism thus means the right of every human being to possess a certain share in all other human beings, the contrary of the right of self-ownership.” - Ulrike Heider, Narren der Freiheit, s.173. - She considers this point of view a merely comical nonsense. In all her comment's she has only a fool's view of liberty. Apparently, she has never been a conscious victim of communism. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: In his most famous book, The Law, Bastiat described socialism and communism, under whatever labels they might appear, as a form of legalized plunder." – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.118.

COMMUNISM: In order to rationalise their own robberies, many communists are defining their opponents as robbers and their own robberies as mere restitutions. - JZ, 27.4.86.

COMMUNISM: In Poland the workers have been trying to unite for a better life, but their efforts are haunted by the spectre of Communism." - TIME, 4. Jan. 82, p. 28. – It was more than a mere haunting spectre there – a genuine daily suffering instead! – JZ, 17.11.08. - PROLETARIAT, UNIONS

COMMUNISM: In REAL communism, the State does not 'wither away' (as in the definition of communism). The State stays on to terrorise the people, and no one but the State has ANY rights." - Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.109.

COMMUNISM: In this sense, the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property. – Manifesto of the Communist Party - Karl Marx and Frederick Engels – Totalitarian and territorial communism went beyond that - to despotism over and terrorism against all classes, including most proletarians or blue-collar workers. No other ism committed as many mass murders, not even that of the Nazis. – It did not only suppress property rights. Was there any genuine individual right and liberty, which it clearly and effectively upheld? – Never mind its pretences of freedom, justice, peace and prosperity for all, their supposed “workers’ paradise”, not even established after decades of almost total rule. - JZ, 6.4.12.

COMMUNISM: In truth, communism (as it is theoretically proposed) is myth. While it purports to have as one of its main objectives 'common ownership of all property', in reality no one (except the dictators) owns ANYTHING. An owner, as we have discussed, has absolute say-so over what will be done with his property." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.101.

COMMUNISM: In: TO COMMUNISM: VIA MAJORITY VOTE, Admiral Ben Moreell shows the amount of liberty we have lost 'because we ourselves voted it away.' We have accepted the ten points of Marx's COMMUNIST MANIFESTO, not for what they are - a blueprint for total coercion - but under the illusion that they are means democratically chosen, to achieve greater freedom and prosperity. The revolution has been camouflaged and smuggled in. - What has been the result? The most obvious consequence is our crazy-quilt political structure, build on unstable and immoral bases - plunder by taxation and corruption by subsidy. Ben Moreell writes that those producers who bear the brunt of taxation 'are reluctant to produce up to capacity' because they know that increased effort will be rewarded by 'progressively heavier taxes'." – Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I, Introduction.

COMMUNISM: Institutions grounded on Communism always have brilliant beginnings, for Communism involves a great exaltation; but they decline rapidly, for Communism is in conflict with human nature."- Ernest Renan, Les apotres, 1866. - What brilliant beginnings? Does he mean the initial enthusiasm among communist VOLUNTEERS? What about the lack of exultation when communism is not tolerantly realized among volunteers but territorially imposed, among its victims, the expropriated and persecuted, the enslaved and executed, its tax-, inflation-, civil war- and national war victims, its conscripts? – JZ, n.d.

COMMUNISM: is a fear that if we, the people, are left to manage our own affairs, most of us will go hungry and be cold." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I.

COMMUNISM: It can be easily demonstrated that communism means and requires the extermination - the genocide, if you wish - of a particular human species: the men of ability. The Communists and the Nazis are merely two variants of the same evil notion: collectivism. But both should be free to speak - evil ideas are dangerous only by default of men advocating better ideas.” - Ayn Rand, The Only Path to Tomorrow, READER'S DIGEST, January 1944. - NAZISM, COLLECTIVISM & THE MEN OF ABILITY, IDEAS & FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION & INFORMATION

COMMUNISM: it is a coerced debasement of the intelligence and integrity and dignity of the individual human being, who must bow his head in deference to the views of political masters." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I.

COMMUNISM: it is a false thesis that employers and employees belong to different classes and are natural enemies." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I, 60. - But it is correct to define, as H. Dubreuil did, the employer-employee relationship as an "organized antagonism". We have to try to organise production and exchange away from this counter-productive form of organisation, so that the employer-employee relationship would be abolished, or, rather, out-competed, by forms of self-management and proprietorship of all involved in production and exchange. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: it is a process whereby some people use the power of government to make other people conform to their views and desires." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I. - They have this in common with all other governmental territorial ideologies and practices. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: it is a repudiation of the free market, where willing buyers and willing sellers voluntarily arrive at a figure agreeable to both." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I.

COMMUNISM: It is a well-known fact that the only way communism can be made to work is if you have capitalists to pay the bill and manage the show.” - Wilbur Smith, A Time to Die, Pan Books, 1990, p.234. – Otherwise, it can only be made to “work” territorially, for whole populations, at a very low standard of living for most of its victims, those not mass-murdered by it, in the same way as slavery and feudalism were made to “work” for all too long periods. – JZ, 1.3.12. - & CAPITALISM

COMMUNISM: It is no big mystery why communism does not work. It does not work, and cannot work, because it defies human nature. There is nothing in it for the individual." - Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.107. - Unless he is a power-monger. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: It will never happen here. It's not possible here.' - It can happen. It is possible. As a Russian proverb says: 'When it happens to you, you'll know it's true.' - Do we have to wait until the knife is at our throats? Isn't it possible to assess the menace that threatens to swallow the whole world?" - Charles Heath, The Golden Egg. The Goose and Us, p.107.

COMMUNISM: It's an astonishing phenomenon that communism has been writing about itself in the most open way - in black and white - for 125 years. And even more openly, more candidly, in the beginning. ... It's perfectly amazing. The whole world can read, everyone is literate, but somehow no one wants to understand. Humanity acts in such a way as if it didn't understand what communism is, and doesn't want to understand, is not capable of understanding." - Alexander Solzhenitsyn. - The same could be said about the full case for liberty. - The situation would probably be very different if full freedom to experiment would exist for both, among exterritorially autonomous volunteer communities. - JZ, 9.6.94. - Or if all freedom texts were finally made permanently and cheaply accessible, e.g., on CDs. – JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMUNISM: Let us try to stop this senseless and immoral process of endless concessions to the aggressor. Why must we hand over to communist totalitarians more and more technology - complex, delicate, developed technology - which it needs for arms and for crushing its own citizens? If we can at least slow down that process of concession - if not stop it altogether - and if we can make it possible for the process of liberation to continue in the communist countries, ultimately these two efforts will yield us our future." - Solzhenitsyn, Nov. 75. - TYRANNICIDE, WAR AIMS, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, DESERTION, REFUGEES, DECISION, TREATIES, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, AGGRESSION

COMMUNISM: Masterminds expropriated the State in the name of the people and then expropriated the people in the name of the State." - Dagobert D. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p. 21. – Also in: “A Dictionary of Thought”. - Did they expropriate or appropriate the State? - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: McDonald explained that Communist nations never have surplus food, only surplus tanks and steel mills." - Congressman Larry P. McDonald, D-Ga, quoted in THE SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, Nov. 75. - There are only communist individuals and groups, not communist nations. One can even doubt that those beings really involved in totalitarian communism are really individuals. - Are ants and bees individuals? - JZ, 15.6.94, 2.10.02, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Meanwhile, Russia is able to use its slave-labor force to concentrate on the production of armaments, while American farmers and manufacturers ease its domestic difficulties. Because of this, as Eric Hoffer has noted, though' communism is a failure as an economic system (it) may triumph as a military instrument.'" - Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.105.

COMMUNISM: Men use thought only to justify their wrong-doing, and employ speech only to conceal their thoughts." - Voltaire, Dialogues, No. xiv, Le Chapon et la Poularde, 1766.

COMMUNISM: Modern communism is just another attempt to shackle the producers. It can lead only to the suffocation of production and the death of the societies concerned." - Dr. Naomi Moldofsky, CIS NEWSLETTER, Summer 77, p. 6.

COMMUNISM: My definition of communism in mature power is 'Control by Potential Starvation'". Fred C. Schwarz, Newsletter, Sept. 72. - This control has been undermined by very extensive black markets and corruption, even in the face of death penalties for them. - JZ, 15.6.94.

COMMUNISM: My vision of the future includes one for all kinds of communist activities ON A VOLUNTARY BASIS, in the same way that I consider primary school classes on a voluntary basis to be a rightful and necessary stage for the mental development of most people. In this respect, too, my notions differ from those of most conventional anti-communists and anti-socialists. - JZ, 16.10.83, 8.6.94. - PANARCHISM

COMMUNISM: No cause in the history of mankind has produced more cold-blooded tyrants, more slaughtered innocents, and more orphans than communism. It surpassed, exponentially, all other systems of production in turning out the dead." - Alan Charles Kors, 03/23/02 -

COMMUNISM: Nobody gets anything, but all work." - Allen. – Those in power live luxuriously and dispose of the earnings, property and lives of everyone else. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: Not only Russian communism is communism but every all too ready renunciation of individual points of view in favour of the tastes of the masses." - Leopold Kohr, Weniger Staat, S.58.

COMMUNISM: On the gaoling of communists in Formosa: If anybody wants to subject others to Mao's communist system it would only be fair to subject him to instant communism by gaoling him - and letting him work to indemnify the victims of communist aggression. - JZ, 1.11.72. - TAIWAN

COMMUNISM: One of the great moral calamities perpetrated by the Communists is their having driven millions of persons to a flight into conformism, that is, phlegmatic acceptance of any and all directives coming from above without any wish for examination or criticism." - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. – Here one should take into consideration that all of many uprising were bloodily repressed. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: One of the primary delusions of communism is that human nature can be transformed so as to remove the pursuit of self-interest from human behavior." - Clarence B. Carson, THE FRFEEMAN, 8/77.

COMMUNISM: One used to say that communism has become a fact and realized in Russia. Certainly, it has become a fact, however, not as communism, but, as its critics predicted, and as it corresponds to its inner contradictions, as a form of autocracy that has robbed the Russian people even that small breath of spirit and liberty which it still enjoyed under the preceding czarist aristocracy.” - Benedetto Croce, Geschichte Europas im 19. Jahrhundert, XI, S. 382.

COMMUNISM: Only that sort of intellect which really believes in the communist heaven could fail to solve the 'mystery' of why the only time the citizenry shows great zeal is when it is about to gain an exist visa to 'wherever'." - Thomas Winslow Haxlett, REASON, 2/80.

COMMUNISM: Only the extension of the principle of religious tolerance to all ideologies, including complete exterritorial autonomy to all volunteer communities, can gradually, over years and decades, reduce the spread or persistence of territorial totalitarian communism, its resistance, conspiracy, terrorism, anti-industrial warfare, anti-freedom legislation, revolutions, civil and national wars, and confine all its wrongs and damages finally to the communist faithful themselves. All territorial systems strengthen national and international communism - through the communism inherent in them. - JZ, 14.12.93, 15.6.94.

COMMUNISM: Our society has left it largely to the communists to define what is a social abuse. Maybe this happened because most people accept verbal values from others quite unthinkingly and parrot them or because they "think" only with their emotions, not with their heads. - JZ, 28.6.77 - 12.1.83. - ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS

COMMUNISM: Pity the man who believes in communism - he believes in something that doesn't believe in him. - Fred MacLister - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

COMMUNISM: President Reagan told this joke about Fidel Castro: Castro was addressing a large audience in Cuba, and he began, 'They accuse me of intervening in Angola...' and a man going through the audience called out, 'Peanuts! Popcorn!' - Castro went on: 'They say I'm intervening in Mozambique...' and the same voice shouted, 'Peanuts! Popcorn!' - Castro continued: 'They say I'm intervening in Nicaragua...' and the voice yelled again, 'Peanuts! Popcorn!' - By this time, Castro was boiling mad and he spluttered, 'Bring that man who is shouting 'Peanuts! Popcorn!' to me, and I'll kick him all the way to Miami.' And everybody in the audience started shouting, 'Peanuts! Popcorn'!" - THE WASHINGTON POST, quoted in R.D., 9/85. - JOKES

COMMUNISM: Real communism is quite another story. Though it violates human freedom, it certainly is easy to understand. Whereas communist leaders would like to have the gullible masses believe that 'the people' own everything, the reality is that real communism turns out to be a dictatorship in which the dictators, unlike most other dictators, own everything. Everything includes not only all land and material wealth, but people's lives as well. Every citizen of a 20th century communist country is a literal slave, unless he is part of the power structure." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.101.

COMMUNISM: Rejoice, comrades, the communists have taken over the Sahara Desert.... What happened? Ah, for ten years, nothing; then they announced a shortage of sand." - Jerry Pournelle & John F. Carr, The Survival of Freedom, p. 277. - JOKES

COMMUNISM: So long as there are political jobs there will be communists to fill them; if they are not communists when they take the jobs they will become communists soon after they become inured to the exercise of power." - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.183.

COMMUNISM: So no one living in communism can use his energy in a new way. Everyone in the commune must govern his acts in obedience to the Authority that decrees his share of business and provisions." - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.24.

COMMUNISM: Socialism has created the illusion of quenching people's thirst for justice; socialism has lulled their conscience into thinking that the steamroller which is about to flatten them is a blessing in disguise, a salvation. And socialism, more than anything else, has caused public hypocrisy to thrive; it has enabled Europe to ignore the annihilation of 66 million people on its very borders." - Alexander Solzhenitsyn. – He, too, seems to have known only State socialism. – JZ

COMMUNISM: Socialists and communists are among the most egotistical, vain, selfish, greedy, predatory, cruel, morbid, misanthropic and malicious people in the world. THEREFORE, they make great efforts to present themselves as just the opposite of what they are, and to project their own worst sins into others. It's a con-game. The best con-man is obviously the one who looks, sounds, dresses, acts LEAST like a crook!" - Pyrrho, THE CONNECTION 129, 28.7.85.

COMMUNISM: Sure, they have communism in America, too, comrade. Just like here they take money from working people to give to government lackeys. Here they call it income tax." - SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 4/78.

COMMUNISM: Surveying the last four decades, one would say that the Communists are more adept at putting lead into bodies than bread." - Dagobert Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

COMMUNISM: That rule by Communists would involve the total expropriation of private enterprise has never been disguised. ... More fundamental still would be the disappearance of the fundamental liberties: of freedom of speech and expression, of the press and other media, of freedom from arbitrary arrest and the right to a fair trial if arrested; the freedom to form political parties and independent trade unions; the right to dissent and opposition..." - Brian Crozier, A Theory of Conflict. - With the option of individual secession and exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, these supposedly fundamental liberties would largely become unnecessary for the maintenance of the degree of personal liberty that one preferred. One would interact, largely, only with the people one agrees with. - JZ, 9.6.94. – Even the totalitarian regimes had to grant their subjects some small exceptions from total rule over them. Otherwise they would have broken down much earlier. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: The attraction of the most inhuman idea in the history of mankind, of communism - National Socialism was not an idea - consisted in its appeal to two human characteristics: envy and laziness." - Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, 1968, Bd. 3, S. 264.

COMMUNISM: The border divides the convinced communists (*) from those who are cured of it. (**)" - Helmar Nahr. - (*) in the West, (**) in the East. JZ

COMMUNISM: the Commies. Who promise the moon and the stars, and deliver rocket bases, and the rationing of even those miserable foodstuffs formerly available even to the hungry..." - Frank Yerby, The Old Gods Laugh, p.150. – Rather: “available even to the poor! – JZ

COMMUNISM: The communist ideology is a failure because a) it has not prevented but promoted totalitarianism and b) in spite of its revolutionary pretences, it has not produced sufficient genuine revolutionaries against its own totalitarian excesses. - JZ, 14.7.85.

COMMUNISM: The Communist Party is not a party, it is a conspiracy." - Aneurin Bevan, in an article in TRIBUNE.

COMMUNISM: The communist philosophy consists in the faith that when people are kept in poverty, then the poverty will keep the people under communism." - Anon.

COMMUNISM: The communist threat remains, although it is temporarily diminished and confined to fewer regimes. What is to be done? Wherever communist regimes remain or might be re-established again, among our counter-moves must be e.g., freedom for refugees and deserters, including exterritorial autonomy and recognition of governments in exile, provided they aim to rule only over volunteers. Communist Parties are to be granted as little liberties as they grant their opponents, when communists are in the territorial saddle, unless they confine their aims, publicly, to voluntarism and exterritorial autonomy and do practice their versions of communism and socialism only in this way. And in the meantime, just to make sure, they are to be, as far as possible, disarmed. - JZ, 1.7.92, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: The communists ... traded a certain immediate evil for an uncertain, remote 'good'..." - PURSUIT, 16.11.1970.

COMMUNISM: the communists are the partisans of the principle and practice of authority." - Bakunin. - Thus, the label "rebellious authoritarians" might fit the "communist anarchists". - JZ, 13.1.83.

COMMUNISM: The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrowing of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling class tremble at a communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Working-men of all countries, unite." - Communist Manifesto, 1848.

COMMUNISM: the confusion, which reigns all over the West as to the true adversary in the cold war. For if the average Westerner realised that the adversary is not Russia but the Communist Party, he surely would wake up to the dangers of allowing his enemies so much liberty within his own citadel." - Salvador de Madariaga, Blowing up of the Parthenon, 28.

COMMUNISM: The dictatorship of the Communist Party is maintained by recourse to every form of violence." - Trotsky, quoted in TIME, 4 Jan. 82. – That was the only way to maintain this quite wrongful territorial regime over numerous dissenters. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: The evils of antagonistic interests are attempted to be eradicated by recourse to communism, which inherently and even by definition makes every individual slave of a hypothetical construct conceived as the collectivity..." - L. Labadie, Selected Essays.

COMMUNISM: The exploitation of the strong through the weak." - Proudhon. - That's the hope or pretence. In reality the old relationship remains: The strong exploit the weak. See Djilas, The New Class. - JZ, 5.7.92.

COMMUNISM: The fact is that communism is not a system in which nobody is rich; it is in fact a plutocracy in which most people are reduced to poverty so that a few masters can live richly at the expense of everyone else." - THE REVIEW OF THE NEWS, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 9/75. – CAPITALISM, PLUTOCRACY, SOVIETS, COMMUNIST RULERS EVERYWHERE

COMMUNISM: The future is the excuse of communism." - Marcel Mart. - Hardly a valid one. And they have postponed their future paradise for all too long. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMMUNISM: The method of political thought from Plato down to the technocrats was to prefabricate an ideal society, and then to get governmental power to coercively fit people to their systems. The classic example of this type of thinking and action is the attempt to impose systematic communism on a population. Communism itself is such an infantile conception of the solution of the social problem that it is no accident of circumstance that it is accompanied by continual liquidations." - Laurance Labadie, Selected Essays.

COMMUNISM: The more communistic the manifesto, the sorrier the fate of the classless." - Karl Garbe.

COMMUNISM: The nearest human approach to the bee-swarm is communism." - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p. 5.

COMMUNISM: The neo-Nazis of Germany are rightly called neo-Nazis but the neo-communists of Russia are wrongly called merely "conservatives", in the double-speak and cover-up language of the mass media, under leftist influences, to make them sound more respectable. Elsewhere, the same kind of people call the anti-communists in their country "conservatives", as a 'putdown'. - JZ, 14.3.93.

COMMUNISM: The notion that people in communist countries own everything 'in common' is preposterous in light of the facts. After sixty years, Russia's iron-fisted totalitarian government still exploits its workers unmercifully. The tools of industry, like everything else in communist countries, are owned by a small group of men who control the government. These men are the actual owners, because an owner is someone who can say what will be done with his property, without interference from others. And you can be sure that when the Soviet dictators wish to do something with any property held within Russia's borders, no citizen interferes with them." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.102.

COMMUNISM: The only antidote to communism is to let the people ... produce and exchange. If communism thrives on scarcity, plenty will destroy it." - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.345.

COMMUNISM: The Opium of the Intellectuals." - 1955 book title by Raymond Aron, a French anti-communist. - Can anyone who fell for communism, for years to decades, be classed as an "intellectual"? - JZ, 8.6.94.

COMMUNISM: The picture of communism and socialism as committed to the continuous and unlimited increase of the power of the State over society arises from a study of history, rather than a close study of ideas. For it is striking how many socialist thinkers, both Marxist and non-Marxist, have in their writings looked forward with confidence and hope to the eventual withering away of the State; as Lenin puts it, 'So long as the State exists there is no freedom. When there is freedom, there will be no State.'" - Arblaster/Lukes, The Good Society, p.8.

COMMUNISM: The problem persists; in our Eastern countries, Communism has suffered a complete ideological defeat; it is zero, less than zero. And yet western intellectuals still look at it with considerable empathy, and this is precisely what makes it so difficult for the West to withstand the East." - Alesander Solzhenitsyn, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 10/79.

COMMUNISM: The question is not WHETHER we are going to be Communist dominated, but WHEN WE ARE GOING TO STOP. The only difference between Russia and the United States today is that Russia is a tight-security prison while ours is still a medium-security prison. The difference is negligible." - Joan Marie Leonard, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. - Negligible? Every little bit can help! - JZ, 13.6.94. Rudolf Rummel, on numerous web pages, lists over 200 million victims of Eastern communism during the last century! – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: the secular superstition of communism, which is a huge enterprise that will settle for nothing less than bringing misery to all the people in the world.... All they have succeeded in doing is killing and torturing people and promising to do as much to people fortunate enough not to live in Russia during this period." - William F. Buckley, Jr., Stained Glass, p. 111.

COMMUNISM: The society of the communists is always in need." - Leigh H. Irvine, What Is Americanism? p.14.

COMMUNISM: The state monopoly in publishing (in Russia) is in the long run a more decisive feature of the communist regime than the concentration camps or even the one-party system." - Arthur Koestler, The Invisible Writing. - And one has to admit that it has been successful to a considerable degree - in its censorship and propaganda attempt, since, according to newspaper reports and election results, up to 30% of the population in Russia is still strongly under the influence of communist ideas. - JZ, 9.6.94.

COMMUNISM: The theory of Communism may be summed up in one sentence: Abolish all private property.” – Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels. - Ken Schoolland, The Adventure of Jonathan Gullible, Leap Publishing, Cape Town, with Commentaries by Ken Schoolland and Janette Eldridge, 1981 ff, 2004 ed., p. 127. – Including self-ownership! Then one master can rule over all the rest as his slaves. – JZ, 13.8.04. – Did Karl Marx do away with all his private property? Or did he merely wish to share that of those, who were better off? – JZ, 13.11.08.

COMMUNISM: The way to get rid of communists in government jobs is to abolish the jobs." - Frank Chodorov.

COMMUNISM: The way to stop communism, to put it briefly, is to let the people alone." - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.345.

COMMUNISM: There are no communist nations but only communist States and governments - and more or less aware victims of communism, including the fanatic communists themselves. - JZ, 74.

COMMUNISM: There is no communist nation. There are only communists States and Governments." - JZ, 9/1972.

COMMUNISM: There is not a single social or economic principle or concept in the philosophy of the Russian Bolshevik which has not been realised, carried into action, and enshrined in immutable laws a million years ago by the white ant." - Winston Churchill, Radio Broadcast, 1939.

COMMUNISM: To advocate communism is to advocate placing every facet of the life experience in the hands of the most disreputable element - the politicians." - Diogenes, THE CONNECTION 123, p.5.

COMMUNISM: To many of us it might occur that not all commies are under the beds. Some are also in the ABC, and one - at least - was in Buckingham Palace. The rest are right in the beds and doing well too." - Mr. L. Urbanchich, quoted in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 9.11.81. - From ESPRIT DE CORPS, April 83.

COMMUNISM: To pacify the remaining communists in Russia, we ought to grant them their wish: communism - but only for themselves and only in form of exterritorial autonomy, with their share of the remaining national assets - in form of personal capital certificates. Otherwise, even a minority of them, using well tried communist methods, might succeed in usurping territorial power and continue to threaten the world's proletarians and citizens with nuclear holocaust or their brand of totalitarianism, again. Furthermore, in order to ideologically disarm them faster, not only by self-responsible experiences of their kind, they ought to become surrounded by all kinds of freedom experiments, undertaken likewise, under personal law or exterritorial autonomy, by communities volunteers. Then their own failures, blameable only upon their own system and with their costs payable only by themselves, and the surrounding successes with economic and other liberties, will finally convert most of them. Our kind of democratic welfare statism will not, because it is already largely collectivistic and communistic and in its territorialism even totalitarian. See Panarchism. - JZ, 3.5.93, 30.1.13.

COMMUNISM: To those who propose to substitute Communism for Individualism the answer, therefore, is: The race has tried that. All progress from that barbarous day to the present time has resulted from its displacement. ... It necessitates the changing of human nature itself. ... We might as well urge the destruction of the highest existing type of man because he failed to reach our ideals, as to favor the destruction of Individualism, Private Property, the Law of Accumulation of Wealth, and the Law of Competition; for these are the highest results of human experience." - Andrew Carnegie.

COMMUNISM: Totalitarian fascism has passed long ago and totalitarian communism has fallen recently, in most countries but the kind of totalitarianism that imposes, however democratically or dictatorially, a centralised, uniform and territorial rule, constitution, legislation, jurisdiction and political party system upon a whole country, consenting people and dissidents alike, is now more wide-spread than ever before, in the minds and in reality. The non-representativeness of the old totalitarian systems was much more obvious. Thanks to this imposed uniformity, too many traces of the old regimes, their legislation and their bureaucracy and the mentality they produced, in victims and victimisers alike, do remain. - JZ 19.8.92, 9.6.94. – CENTRALIZATION, CENTRAL BANKING, PROGRESSIVE TAXATION, WELFARE STATES, STATISM, INTERVENTIONISM

COMMUNISM: Two Jews met in Moscow in the 'thirties. 'Well, Cohen,' said one of them grimly, 'do you think we've already reached 100% communism, or will it get worse?'" - Benton/Loomes, Big Red Joke Book, 90. - JOKES

COMMUNISM: under a Communist totalitarian regime... the States owns EVERYTHING and EVERYBODY." - Enrico Arrigoni, The Totalitarian Nightmare, p. 119.

COMMUNISM: Under communism the people are secure. Very few ever escape." - J. Kesner Kahn. - JOKES

COMMUNISM: We are not without accomplishment. We have managed to distribute poverty equally. - Vietnamese foreign minister Nguyen Co Thach - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

COMMUNISM: we maintain that State communism, which is authoritarian and imposed, is the most hateful tyranny that has ever afflicted, tormented, and handicapped mankind." - Errico Malatesta, UMANITA NOVA, August 31, 1921.

COMMUNISM: We must make sure it is truly freedom that contends with communism." - Robert G. Dunlop.

COMMUNISM: We should not flatter communism by imitating any of its features." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log II, p.181. – Its treatment of scientific and technological innovators, who do not threaten its ideological position, has usually been outstanding! – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMMUNISM: What communism demands its followers to believe is almost unbelievable." - Ernst R. Hauschka.

COMMUNISM: What is a communist? One who has yearnings // For unequal division of unequal earnings. // Idler or bungler, he is willing // To fork out his penny and pocket your shilling." - Ebenezer Elliott. – Another version: What is a communist? One who has yearnings for equal division of unequal earnings.” - Ebenezer Elliott. - EGALITARIANISM, REDISTRIBUTION, COMPULSORY “EQUALITY”

COMMUNISM: What's yours is mine and what's mine is my bloody own!" - Old Australian saying, quoted by John Pepper. - PROPERTY

COMMUNISM: When our people were fed out of the common store, and laboured jointly together, glad was he could slip from his labour, or slumber over his taske he cared no how, nay, the most honest among them would hardly take so much true paines in a weeke, as now for themselves they will doe in a day: neither cared they for the increase, presuming that howsoever the harvest prospered, the generall store must maintaine them, so that wee reaped not so much Corne from the labours of thirtie, as now three or four doe provided for themselves." - Captain John Smith.

COMMUNISM: When the organized religion of Power, known as Communism (more properly called Statism), shall have destroyed all values, and reduced the individual to a nonentity, will its overthrow by moral force be accomplished. In degrading the individual it destroys itself, simply because the degraded individual loses interest in production and ceases to provide the wherewithal for the State. As the States rots away from malnutrition, the individual begins to reassert himself in something called Civil Disobedience. Passive Resistance, or some other kind of revolution, and the contest is all in his favor. Freedom comes when Caesar is no longer able to maintain his legions." - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, 185/86, in 1962. - Not bad for a prophecy. - JZ, 10.6.94.

COMMUNISM: Whenever it ceases to be true that mankind, as a rule, prefer themselves to others, and those nearest to them to those more remote, from that moment Communism is not only practicable, but the only defensible form of society; and will, when that time arrives, be assuredly carried into effect." - J. S. Mill, Representative Government, III, 1861.

COMMUNISM: Whoever supports anti-communist dictators supports, whether he likes it or not, communism, although only indirectly. - JZ, 10.7.82.

COMMUNISM: Why then does communism continue to drag on its miserable existence? Only because when the State controls all production and distribution, it controls criticism as well." - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, June 77, p.31.

COMMUNISM: Why, we need to know, would the Bolsheviks or Communists (as they came to be known) have continued the autocracy from a regime which they hated and were pledged to displace root and branch?" - Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 4/77.

COMMUNISM: Wife, listening to TV news to her husband: 'What I can't understand is why WE don't threaten COMMUNISM, once in awhile.'" - Source?

COMMUNISM: Will the communists of the world now form an international brigade to fight the Russian KGB - or to join it? - JZ, 19.8.91.

COMMUNISM: Without extensive statist interventionism in the West, the extreme contrast between the subsequent free societies in the West and the totalitarian regimes in the East and the dictatorial ones in the Third World, would have been so large and so obvious that these despotisms would either have been soon overthrown or would have collapsed rapidly. - JZ, 8.9.89.

COMMUNISM: Wouldn't it have been easier and cheaper to find some or all the benefits of free market capitalism - without the prior sacrifice of dozens of millions of lives? After all, there was already an extensive literature refuting communism and State socialism before 1917. - JZ, 28.12.93.

COMMUNISM: You just say what you want - and if we don't like it, you don't get it." - Whymark, 25.1.73.

COMMUNIST ANARCHISM: Most communistic anarchists are more communistic than anarchistic. They do not favour merely voluntary actions among themselves, at their own expense and risk, but authoritarian actions against dissenters, at the expense and risk of the dissenters. As long as they do want to collectivise only their own property I have not fight with them. - JZ, 23.6.91. - As long as they want to expropriate others they are coercers and authoritarians rather than anarchists. - JZ, 10.7.94.

COMMUNIST ANARCHISM: Too many anarchists are all too ready to renounce voluntarism in favour of coercion against dissenters. - JZ, 15.6.94.

COMMUNIST ANARCHISM: Too many anarchists would rather give up their anarchism than their communism. - JZ, 28.5.93.

COMMUNIST MANIFESTO: And the final outcome of the communist revolution was to be ‘an association in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all. – Communist Manifesto, 1848, sect. 2. – Quoted by C. B. Macpherson, Individualism, in: The New Palgrave: The Invisible Hand, ed. By John Eatwell, Murray Milgate & Peter Newman, W. W. Norton, 1987/89, p.151. - A good instance for the difference between theory and practice, means and ends, aims and achievements or failures and the insufficiency of asserting good intentions or purposes. – JZ, 24.2.12.

COMMUNIST MANIFESTO: Did you ever read the 10 Point Platform in the Communist Manifesto? It was expressly drafted to create an economic chaos, by economically untenable methods - a disorder in which the Communist Party could flourish and finally take over power. Its point 5 runs (from memory): "Centralization of credit in the hands of a state bank with state capital and an exclusive monopoly." A leaflet that followed soon after explained that the intended exclusive currency was to have the legal tender characteristic. - JZ file: Unemployment incomplete comb of old files

COMMUNISTS: Communists were not to be found under almost every bed, as the communist sympathizers and opponents of the anti-communism crusade asserted, but, rather, so to speak, in the bed and head of almost every official in the supposedly free West, who with his ideas, vote and actions promoted State Socialism or monopoly capitalism in accordance with the Communist Manifesto rather than thinking and acting in opposition to it. – JZ, 27.1.97, 21.9.08, 13.11.08. – ANTI-COMMUNISM, MCCARTHY ERA

COMMUNITIES: A community is an administrative unit that is run by an incalculable large number of consistently active however only accidentally able political parasites." - Ambrose Bierce. - STATE, POLITICIANS, TERRITORIALISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM

COMMUNITIES: Communities … arise from what individuals have in common (common interests, common attitudes, common views) and are matter of choice not ascription. - The best example of community is the community of scientists. For them, through the centuries, the barriers of birth-place and mother-tongue did not apply. In fact, the more notions they have about this world, the less they are bound by one or any nation. - Science has no country and speaks a universal idiom; the scientist is at home in every place, where the pursuit of knowledge is promoted, and communicates in all languages, for those who pay attention and listen. As is the case for the polyvalent, polycultural, polyglot person to whom the new paradigm refers.” - Gian Pietro de Bellis, in his new, 2002 book manuscript on Polyarchy, 2002. - INDIVIDUAL CHOICE, VOLUNTARISM, VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY, POLYARCHY, PANARCHISM

COMMUNITIES: Community is in short supply.” Alvin Toffler, The Third Wave, Pan Books & Collins, 1980/81, p. 379. - Only genuine communities are still in short supply or even absent. False, wrongful and flawed “communities”, of the statist, territorial, coercive and monopolistic kind, do now exist by the hundreds and they annoy, wrong, restrict, exploit, misdirect or even kill us. None of them, even the best of them, do deserve the term “community” because of their territorial, coercive and monopolistic nature. All are imposed upon at least some dissenters. All levy tributes from involuntary tax payers. All are more or less Warfare States against the own subjects or the subjects of other such regimes. Genuine communities, of volunteers, only exterritorially autonomous and under personal laws, are outlawed and suppressed everywhere. The market is not allowed to operate in the sphere of political, economic and social systems. It is territorially suppressed in the name of supposedly sovereign peoples, everywhere all too badly or insufficiently represented, with individuals and volunteer-groups not free to secede from them. Now too many of the territorial States are even “armed” with mass extermination devices or anti-people “weapons”. - JZ, 5.12.05, 24.9.07. - ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS, STATES & SOCIETIES, COMPULSION VS. VOLUNTARISM, TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, STATES VS. PANARCHIES OR POLYARCHIES

COMMUNITY & COMPLEMENTARY CURRENCIES 2011: International Conference on Community and Complementary Currencies 2011. - - At least a long file of monetary freedom titles can now be found on - Currently I am extending the free banking A to Z that is on - It would be up to others to complete both listings. One person can only do so much. John Zube, 9.1.11, on Facebook. - - That Free Banking A to Z and my Free Banking bibliography are finished now, as far as I could and both files are online at - JZ, 11.10.12.

COMMUNITY CURRENCY: Communities as such can issue currencies only for the services they provide, i.e. tax foundation or contribution foundation or insurance money, useful for their premiums and payouts. Otherwise e.g. only associations of shop keepers are possible issuers or associations of employees, prepared to accept their IOUs in payment of their wages and salaries. But the latter would have to come to an agreement with the shop keepers. The latter would be more suitable to issue means of payment to pay wages and salaries with. Otherwise e.g. transport companies, gas and electricity providers, petrol stations, associations of tradesmen and professionals as well as exporters could be issuers of purchasing certificates, in convenient monetary denominations, for whatever they have to sell. In other words, I really do not know on what other basis the issuers of “community currency” want to issue their “currency”, unless they want to give it a monopoly and legal tender power. Perhaps advocates of them, like Thomas Greco, have clear ideas on their foundations. I have not yet questioned him enough on this or read enough of his several books and know only that he advocates at least degrees of monetary freedom and is tolerant towards all kinds of monetary experiments. – JZ, 27.2.07, 25.10.07.

COMMUNITY SERVICE: If you want real community services then organise them yourself, at your own expense and risk. Do not expect any politician to be able and willing to provide them or at a lower cost than you could. - JZ, 25.11.93.

COMMUNITY SERVICE: It may be more emotionally satisfying for a student to talk of going to Africa during the vacation to involve himself in 'community service' among the natives. But he will probably be highly incompetent at nursing the sick or instructing Africans in better crop and animal husbandry; whereas by staying at home he could easily earn 20 pounds a week as a building labourer and send money to Africa which would do far more good. Into the bargain, he would save his fare which would alone be enough to keep an African family in luxury for a year or more. Confronted with such realistic alternatives which the market system makes available, the preference of students - and other 'idealists' - for so-called 'community service' is not more moral but merely a disguised form of self-interest or self-indulgence, and one which does less, if any, good to the intended beneficiaries." - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.21.  - PEACE CORPS, FOREIGN AID WORKERS

COMMUNITY: To admit into the Community: To turn from enemy into friend.” - Sudha Shenoy, 24.7.04., ISIL conference Rotarua. – The reverse would be: To be excluded from a voluntary community means to be turned from a member into either a tolerated enemy or neutral or ally. To secede from it means to turn from a voluntary subject into an independent being which might or might not join another community. – JZ, 2.4.05.


COMPANY TAX: These taxes are not only obvious attacks on property rights but also on the right to associate and to make contracts and thus at least threefold wrong. – JZ, 10.7.95, 23.9.08.

COMPANY TAX: They would also like to have us believe that corporation taxes are paid by corporations. Corporations don't pay taxes, only people pay taxes. Taxes are passed along in the price of goods until they come to rest when people buy things. But it sometimes is easier for a politician to recommend a bigger bite on the 'big corporation' than to raise our individual taxes. So he raises taxes on the oil companies, for example - 'surely, they can afford it!' The truth is; we pay that tax, too - when we buy gas." - Edson I. Gaylord, 10.6.75, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p, 526.

COMPANY: You remember that you should never be in company that you wouldn't want to die with." - Frank Herbert, God Emperor of Dune, p.382. - ASSOCIATES, FRIENDS, PEOPLE

COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE: Another remarkable fact of human action is that A and B can specialise and exchange for their mutual benefit EVEN IF one of them is superior to the other in BOTH LINES of production. Thus, suppose that Crusoe is superior to Friday in fish and wheat production. It still benefits Crusoe to concentrate on what he is RELATIVELY best at. If, for example, he is a far better fisherman than Friday but only a moderately better farmer, he can gain more of both products by concentrating on fishing, and then exchanging his produce for Friday's wheat. Or, to use an example from an advanced exchange economy, it will pay a physician to hire a secretary for typing, filing, etc. EVEN if he is better at the latter jobs, in order to free his time for far more productive work. This insight into the advantages of exchange, discovered by David Ricardo in his Law of Comparative Advantage, means that, in the free market of voluntary exchanges, the 'strong' do not devour or crush the 'weak', contrary to common assumptions about the nature of the free market economy. On the contrary, it is precisely on the free market where the 'weak' reap the advantages of productivity because it benefits the 'strong' to exchange with them." - Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.36.

COMPASSION: Beware of compassion mongers." - Ralph Harris, The End of Government ...? p.39. - Needs, Good Will, Do-Gooding, Welfare State, Poverty, Charity

COMPASSION: Compassionate government is a code phrase meaning, 'There will be absolutely no compassion for the taxpayer.” - Poul Anderson, The Avatar, p.98. - Ibid, p. 99: "What raison d'etre does government have, except to care for people? and who will care for them except government?" - (He puts this into the mouth of an objector.) My version: What other pretence for existence does government have except to care for people? And who will care less for them than the government? - JZ, n.d. - Compare: W. G. Sumner, The Forgotten Man. - GOVERNMENT, WELFARE STATE, PROTECTIONISM, CARE

COMPASSION: Far from this extreme compassion being a sign of high civilisation, it seems to me much more indicative of low decadence." - Peregrine Worsthorne, A. 7.11.74. - Low decadence or a high degree of decadence? - JZ

COMPASSION: If one wants to stay rational, one has to ration one's compassion. - JZ, 20.6.92.

COMPASSION: It is easy to be conspicuously ’compassionate’ if others are being forced to pay the cost.” – Murray N. Rothbard (1926-1995), American Economist, Historian, Political Theorist, and Author. - ALTRUISM, CHARITY & BENEVOLENCE AT THE EXPENSE OF OTHERS, FORCED TO CONTRIBUTE

COMPASSION: One cannot weep for the entire world, it is beyond human strength. One must choose." - Jean Anouilh, Cecile, 1949.

COMPASSION: The truest sympathy is not compassion, but a fellow-feeling with courage and fortitude in the midst of noble effort." - W.G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p. 142/43.

COMPASSION: The welfare state has aimed (or claimed) to reconcile, but has NOT resolved, the irreconcilability of equality and compassion (which requires UNEQUAL treatment) or of equality and liberty (ditto). It is high time the irreconcilabilities are recognised, and at least these unfounded grounds for the welfare state abandoned." - Arthur Seldon, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, 1985, p.45.

COMPASSION: What kind of 'compassion' is it that perpetuates avoidable human misery in Britain today - among the old, poor, physically and mentally handicapped - because of an emotional hostility to giving capitalism a free rein to produce more abundantly for all our needs?" - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.18.

COMPASSION: When a politician arranges the transfer.” - Joseph Sobran – “If they were really so compassionate they would not use a gun to help you decide to contribute.” - Dagny

COMPENSATION: As Randy Barnett states, in his critique of Nozick, 'Contrary to the principle of compensation, all violations of rights are prohibited. That's what rights means. And, while voluntarily paying a purchase price makes an exchange permissible, compensation does not make an aggression permissible or justified.'" - Murray Rothbard, JLS, Winter 77. – INDEMNIFICATION

COMPETENCE: But the fact remains that no man, winner or loser, has the competence to direct the lives of other men. That is the danger with The System - that it gives ordinary men the power to commit aggression." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream. - VOTING, POLITICIANS, GOVERNMENT, INCOMPETENCE, MEDDLING, LEADERSHIP, POWER, TERRITORIALISM, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS, INTERFERENCE, MASTERS, RULERS, BOARDS, COMMISSIONS, COMMITTEES, LEADERSHIP

COMPETENCE: Every one of us ... has a limited competence. And that's all. The problems we face are huge. I can't solve them for everyone. That's not possible...." – Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, 196. - Freedom for everybody to try to solve problems - at the own risk and expense and that of one’s voluntary collaborators. - JZ, 15.6.94. – And a chance to provide some at least potentially useful and recorded input to a common effort towards a great objective. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMPETENCE: Many people tend to rise beyond the level of their competence and thus become counter-productive on a large scale. (Peter Principle) Seniority systems, personal connections and courting of the mighty see to that. In this “system” these same incompetent but high ranking people do, to a large extent, see to it that many of the competent people are held back below the level of their competence. These are two basic flaws of hierarchically organized and oversized organizations, especially when they possess any kind of legalized monopoly or power. – JZ, 3.2.00, 24.9.08, 30.1.13. – STATES, TERRITORIALISM, BUREAUCRACY, PROMOTIONS, HIERARCHIES, JOB HOLDERS, OFFICE HOLDERS, PUBLIC SERVANTS, MANAGERS, BIG BUSINESS, BIG GOVERNMENT, PETER PRINCIPLE, STATES, CORPORATIONS, RULERS, INCOMPETENTS IN TOP POSITIONS, COMPETENCE IN SUBORDINATE POSITIONS, PETER PRINCIPLE

COMPETENCE: No man who lives, no association, nor any government is competent to decide for any other where he shall work, what his hours or wage shall be, what and with whom he may exchange, or what thoughts he shall entertain." – Leonard E. Read, Who's Listening? 153. - WAGE CONTROL, PRICE CONTROL, RENT CONTROL, CONTROLS, LAWS, SOCIALISM, WELFARE STATE, CENTRAL PLANNING & DIRECTION, STATE SOCIALISM

COMPETENCE: of all human qualities, the one I admire most is competence.” – Mencken. – The competence of a thief, con-man, rapist, embezzler, bank robber, child molester and murderer to commit his crime and to get away with it is certainly not an admirable quality. – Naturally, Mencken had other kinds of competency in mind but then he should have sufficiently qualified his statement. – JZ, 18.1.98. – Lenin, Stalin, Mussolini and Hitler, Catro & the Korean dictators were also competent to gain and retain power for all too long. – JZ, 10.11.10.

COMPETENCE: We trust a man with making constitutions on less proof of competence than we should demand before we gave him our shoe to patch." - J. R. Lowell, On a Certain Condescension in Foreigners. – Let us have full consumer sovereignty towards all territorial constitution and power mongers, towards all politicians, political parties, parliaments and bodies of legislation. Let their voluntary victims of followers find out, in their own experiments, whether they really have anything worthwhile to offer or merely more words, more promises, more errors, prejudices and self-delusions. – Free choice of political “doctors” as well! Just as much a free choice among political, economic and social problem writers and their works, for skimming, reading or studying. Why should the writings any others or even a single book or any whole school of thought be imposed upon us? – There are so many of them and the vast majority of them are very flawed or at least incomplete in their proposals. - JZ, 10.11.10. - BUREAUCRACY, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, POLITICIANS, PUBLIC SERVANTS, PLANNING, IGNORANCE, KNOWLEDGE, DECISIONS, RESPONSIBILITY, LICENSING

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: All governments, the worst on earth and the most tyrannical on earth, are free governments to that portion of the people who voluntarily support them." - Lysander Spooner, in Trial by Jury. - VOLUNTARISM

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: all of a sudden your potential convert cries: 'But ... but that's ANARCHY!!' Do not, repeat, do not, say "What's wrong with that?', as he's liable to walk away and get you into serious trouble with the pigs or pis (pis is people in schools), especially if you go to a public school. The way to get around all this aggravation is to support an alternative to government instead of supporting its elimination. And you can call yourself a Heinleinian Asimovian or something. It works like this: We should have two or more corporations (More than one, of course, to encourage competition.) instead of one government. Instead of taxes, the corporation could sell stocks. Each corporation would provide certain services now provided by the government. (By the way, these corporations would be world-wide.) Of course, nobody would be forced to join a corporation and no one could prevent you from starting your own corporation. Things like postal and electrical service could easily be settled or voted (no, no?) on by the stockholders. - This theory does not scare too many people and it advocates a system which we endorse. It also avoids mention of the elimination of politics, taxes etc. Under the corporation system, there would be NO GOVERNMENT, not even a limited one. (*) EVERYTHING, including patents, courts, etc. would be 'taken over' by private enterprise." - Larry Edell, in THE LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, No.10, page 25. - The form and the name of many States would remain, but not their coercive substance, their exclusive territorial jurisdiction, legislation, administration, police and military power. - (*) While there would no longer be a territorial limited government, there could be xyz exterritorially autonomous ones, just like there would be xyz exterritorially autonomous corporations, communities and societies. With regard to their volunteers they could still call themselves the governments of these volunteers. - JZ, n.d. & 17.11.08. – See: EXTERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, MINORITY AUTONOMY, FREEDOM OF ACTION, TOLERANCE, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, CORPORATIONS

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: Any government should only be in charge of itself and all its consenting voters. - JZ, 10.10.01. That means that all dissenters should be free to secede from it - to do their own things for and to themselves. - JZ, 29.1.02. - PANARCHISM

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: everything the government provides that is worthy of our desires can be provided in a free market, better, cheaper and on a far more moral basis." - Robert LeFevre, Journal, Fall 78.

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: In the years ahead all big companies will find it increasingly difficult to compete with smaller, speedier, more innovative companies.” - John Naisbitt, Global Paradox, p.57. – The same applies to large nations, exposed to the competition from small but very active, innovative and enthusiastic panarchies and polyarchies. At least some of them would find out, soon, and show to all others, how to stop inflation and mass unemployment within hours to days at most. – Under territorialism these solutions are outlawed, i.e., cannot be safely practised. – JZ, 16.9.07. – COMPETING GOVERNMENTS OR COMMUNITIES OR SOCIETIES LIKE COMPETING CORPORATIONS, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY GOVERNMENTS

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: Introducing competition among governments would end the nationalistic monopolies and, thereby, would end the ability of nations to apply force to their citizens and to other nations." - Robert Hawkins, LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Summer 77.

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: It is true that a libertarian concept of a legislature is largely negative. It envisions the only function of government, and voluntary government at that, as lying in the realm of providing, by community agreement, the sort of protection for individuals which, otherwise, individuals could and would provide for themselves. Sound arguments, of course, can be delivered for the achievement of precisely this same sort of protection by non-governmental means, as through fee-services, voluntary arbitration agreements, commercial protective services, and so forth - or for the existence, side-by side, of competing community and commercial services in all those fields." - Karl Hess, The Lawless State, p.24. - PANARCHISM

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: People should be at liberty to reject, for their own individual sphere, as many (or even more of the older laws!) laws every year as modern legislators pass every year. And that would merely mean a struggle to keep their head above the flood or avalanche of laws. - If they totally seceded from a territorial government then only that single and simple basic decision would be required for them – and continuing respect for all genuine rights and liberties of others, to the extent that they are claimed by them in their communities or societies of volunteers or “competing governments”. – But they would no longer have to obey their law, because then and with regard to the secessionists they would have ceased to be territorial laws. - JZ, 21.11.82, 15.6.94, 17.11.08. - PANARCHISM, IGNORING THE STATE, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: replacing the existing power mechanism with competing free-market mechanisms which will be called upon to perform the same functions." - Robert LeFevre, The Libertarian. - PANARCHISM

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: That no government should have the right to prevent another government from going into competition with it, or to require consumers of security to come exclusively to it for this commodity. Nevertheless, I must admit that, up until the present, one recoiled before this rigorous implication of the principle of free competition." - G. Molinari, The Production of Security. - PANARCHISM

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: The limited governmentist can either drop the notion of moral as meaning the non-initiation of force, or argue that in some metaphysical, even mystical sense, the will of the government is a priori the will of the citizens - and the latter, needless to say, offers numerous difficulties. But if neither of these two approaches are acceptable, the remaining alternative is the acceptance of the conclusion that government is in practice immoral, and thereby allow for competing agencies of protection and defence, each duly authorised by their respective customer's consent, and bound morally to their own incorporation charters." - Don Franzen, Reply to Peter Crosby, in: THE PERSONALIST.

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: War means that governments are fighting, not competing. Competition means a peaceful effort to gain more customers and profit by satisfying customers with a better product or service. It leaves the customers free to choose. Not the supplier but the customer is king. Individual consumer sovereignty prevails. (*) Any consumer or citizen may at any time transfer his patronage to another agency. If the same principle is applied to governments and citizenship, then the remaining communities would neither be able nor willing to keep nuclear weapons and engage in nuclear war. They would be no more likely to do so than churches are under religious freedom. An extension of competition into all spheres of non-aggressive human action is essential if nuclear war is to be prevented." - JZ, in PEACE PLANS 16-17. - (*) Combined with free enterprise, freedom of contract, freedom of association and of individual secessionism, voluntarism, exterritorial autonomy, personal laws. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: We “younger advocates of freedom”, incidentally, are not “befuddled” by our anarchist theory. The theory which we advocate is not called “competing governments”, of course, since a government is a coercive monopoly. We advocate competing agencies of protection, defence and retaliation, in short, we claim that the free market can supply all of man’s needs, including the protection and defence of its values.” – Roy A. Childs, Jr., Liberty Against Power, Fox & Wilkes, San Francisco, 1994, p. 152. - COMPETING AGENCIES OF PROTECTION, PANARCHISM

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: We are convinced, so far as we are concerned, that one day societies will be established to agitate for the FREEDOM OF GOVERNMENT, as they have already been established on behalf of the freedom of commerce." - G. Molinari, The Production of Security, p.15.

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: When the government schools continue to diminish the quality of learning, or the criminal justice system fails to reduce crime, how do most of us respond? By supporting bond measures to put more money into failed systems! We don’t buy cars or computers this way.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 18. – Alas, so far, to my knowledge, he does not support the concept and practice of personal law and competing societies and governments of volunteers, all only exterritorially autonomous. - JZ, 13.11.08.

COMPETING GOVERNMENTS: While it is obvious that governments cannot peacefully compete or coexist with each other in the long run - on a territorial basis (just look at the history of wars, civil wars and revolutions), the option of exterritorial autonomy for protective communities of volunteers does make this possible. In almost all matters where no territorial monopoly is claimed, we do already largely compete and coexist peacefully, in spite of our vastly different interests, ideologies and relationships – largely because we are thus unhindered in their pursuit, i.e. in the pursuit of our happiness. - JZ, 17.6.94, 17.11.08. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

COMPETITION: A corporation which fails to supply the public wants is warned by a sharp drop in profits. Those which can adapt successfully survive. Those which do not go bankrupt or cease operations. Perhaps the most important function of the market is the weeding out of inefficient enterprises." - Martin Bloom, FREE ENTERPRISE, 8/75. – PROFIT, SHARE PRICES

COMPETITION: A little competition goes a long way.”- G. H. Tichenor, “Private Money”, REASON, June 76, p.71.

COMPETITION: absence of barriers to entry and exit." - George Stigler, quoted in REASON.

COMPETITION: All competition is cut-throat, in the sense that profits come from seizing opportunities glimpsed only by the seizers, and this will upset the plans of those who have not been so acutely perceptive, causing some of them to lose money. Nonetheless, the 'losers' will still be much better off than they would be in a social order which did not permit cut-throat competition." - Ramsay Steele, THE MERCURY, International Digest, July/August 1980.

COMPETITION: All the anti-competition people with their policies do work hard, almost competitively, towards producing poverty. - JZ, 2.1.77.

COMPETITION: American capitalists long ago began screaming about the 'unfair competition' - read: effective competition..." - Gary North, THE FREEMAN, 2/75.

COMPETITION: An End to Hierarchy! An End to Competition! – Organizing the Politics and Economics of Survival. – A book title by Frederick C. Thayer. According to the flap note: “… economic theory is based on the ‘ideal’of competition which turns out to achieve none of the benefits claimed for it. Nothing will do, short of the complete abandonment of both hierarchy and competition – if only because the system they spawn compels inhumane, repressive behaviour.” – Some books can already be judged by their cover. A more truthful title would have been: An end to hierarchy through competition! – Due to this false premise I did not find this book worth reading, although it might state something sensible on hierarchies. - JZ, 23.7.11, 26.2.12. – & HIERARCHIES, PANARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, FREE CHOICE IN GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES,

COMPETITION: And competition, as Greene (William B. Greene) saw it, is the life-blood of liberty and equality. Whoever prevents competition destroys the natural liberties of the people." - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.111.

COMPETITION: And instead of describing the free market as characterised by 'private enterprise', we should insist on the more accurate title of 'competitive enterprise'." - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, "1985", p. 15.

COMPETITION: Anti-competition legislation" - a term used by Roger Court, 10.10.76. - I added: "covers practically all legislation on economic affairs." - JZ, n.d. - Least of all do territorial constitutionalists and legislators permit competition with themselves through personal law associations and communities of volunteers, that are exterritorially quite autonomous. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMPETITION: Any competition that isn't free isn't really competition but at most partly competitive. - JZ, 20.6.80. - Without full monetary and financial freedom competition is not free. - JZ

COMPETITION: as Adam Smith emphasised nearly 200 years ago, competitive markets can harmonise private and social interest by harnessing to productive, creative tasks what he described as 'the uniform, constant and uninterrupted effort of every man to better his condition.'" - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.20.

COMPETITION: As everywhere else, so long as it does not come to trying out innovations or improvements, competition in POSSE is likely to be nearly as effective as competition in ESSE." – F. A. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money, p.88.

COMPETITION: As with goods, so with services, competition is a competition to gratify." - S. Hutchinson-Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.105.

COMPETITION: Assuming a free market in which customers can express their preferences, the businessman can hope for success only by superior performance which pleases customers. If he fails to please them, they will patronise his competitor. Hence, he must always be engaged in seeking to improve his product and to lower its price at the same time he makes his service better. Only by doing these things can he win customers, who are always free to forsake him." - Robert LeFevre, This Bread Is Mine, p.270/71.

COMPETITION: Bastiat saw in competition the ultimate in genuine democracy. He saw competition as an egalitarian device, giving to each man what he most wanted, and bringing within reach of all men the fruits of their production. He pointed out that inequalities came from absence of competition, from political intervention which did not allow men the right to the fruits of their production." - G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.213. - This would require the realisation of competing governments, competing currencies and competing production organizations, too. - JZ

COMPETITION: Both businessmen and workers enjoy the lash of competition about as much as the donkey enjoys the whip ; they will avoid it if they can, no matter how much it may improve their efficiency." - WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, Summer 73, p. 39.

COMPETITION: By competition the total amount of the supply is increased, and by increase of the supply a competition in the sale ensues, and this enables the consumer to buy at lower rates. Of all human powers operating on the affairs of mankind, none is greater than that of competition." - Henry Clay, Speech in the Senate, Feb. 2, 1832. – Another word for competition is simply freedom: freedom to act, freedom to experiment, freedom of expression and information, individual rights and liberties in every sphere. – JZ, 18.11.08.

COMPETITION: C. Northcote Parkinson’s wry books on bureaucracy don’t indict people; they describe life in any monopoly. Without competition, the bureaucracy can’t make government efficient or even sensibly decide what it needs to do. Nor can the situation be magically improved. We know from experience that no unitary social institution can reform itself. Innovation painfully disrupts its way of life. Reform comes only through competitive outsiders who force steady, efficient adjustment to changing situations.” - Richard C. Cornuelle, Reclaiming the American Dream, A Vintage Book, p.79. - DEMOCRACY, POLITICS, PEOPLE, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, PANARCHISM, BUREAUCRACY, TAXATION, MONOPOLISM

COMPETITION: Certainly there are occasions when a choice has to be made between alternatives of cooperation or competition. Two firms, for instance, may have to decide whether to compete against each other for a big contract, each of the two submitting its own rival tender, or whether to form a consortium, submitting one joint tender in competition with the rest of the field. But this does not mean that cooperation and competition cannot coexist within the same universe." - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.142.

COMPETITION: Chinese, who look upon our culture ... find it characterised especially by the spirit of aggressiveness and competition." - Herlee G. Creel, Chinese Thought, p.258. - Too many people, not only Chinese, throw these two features together, as if they were twins or two sides of the same coin. However, competition, at least to the consumer, and everybody is a consumer, and to the entrepreneur, producer or businessman, consists in struggling to achieve a good enough or even the best service to consumers and being rewarded by them for this. While aggression merely uses or abuses others and suppresses their individual rights and liberties - in attempts to promote an unjust advantage or privilege for oneself. Aggression is a crime, competition is a service. Competition is a mutual convenience relationship against the single convenience relationship involved in aggression, as Don Werkheiser might say. - JZ, 30.7.92, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Competition - trying to excel - is the origin of growth; it is the magnet that draws forth each man's best in the practice of freedom." – Leonard E. Read, ABC of Freedom.

COMPETITION: Competition ... means decentralized planning by many separate persons." - F. A. Hayek, The Use of Knowledge in Society, 7. – PLANNING, FREE & DECENTRALIZED

COMPETITION: Competition (or a competitive system), is the result of freedom; no government has to decree it." - Earl Zarbin, THE FREEMAN, 6/73.

COMPETITION: Competition appears to be a means whereby men strive to satisfy human wants. Proponents believe it has the effect of satisfying men's wants efficiently, with a maximum opportunity for choice. Opponents view it as detrimental to harmonious life..." - Ruth Dazey, THE FREEMAN, Sep. 77, p.534.

COMPETITION: Competition becomes more and more a fight between machines. Whoever has the best machines beats the competition." - Karl Liebknecht. – To apply the term “fighting” and even “beating” to economic competition is quite misleading. The “defeated” are neither killed nor wounded nor crippled or beaten up or imprisoned or otherwise punished. Merely their income is reduced – because they do not serve the market as well as the winners did. They are thereby encouraged to greater efforts in serving others and thereby profiting themselves. The carrot is involved rather than the stick. They may thus be the winners in the future. Anyhow the winners do also assure a better standard of living for everybody as consumer - by providing better or cheaper goods and services. – JZ, 18.11.08, 30.1.13.

COMPETITION: Competition between various political, economic and social systems is even more useful than competition in sports, philosophies, literature and the arts. But for its realization it needs full exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, starting with their individual or group secessionism.  – JZ, 10.11.10.

COMPETITION: Competition for the acquisition of a scarce and monopolised exchange medium should be distinguished from competition under monetary freedom, where the owner of goods, services or labour for sale may, first of all, have succeeded in circulating or trading his own notes as means of payment, to acquire what he wants and, subsequently, has merely to be ready to accept them at any time at par, when someone buys his goods, services or labour or pays other debts owed to him with these notes. Private notes can be designed and maintained in such an acceptable form that the issue of them will not constitute much of a competitive struggle, either. Everyone likes to be paid - in an acceptable medium. - JZ, 16.6.94. - FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM

COMPETITION: Competition in any field is the greatest discovery tool in the world." - V. R. Forbes, in an address, 17.11.76.

COMPETITION: Competition in production and exchange should not be any more restricted than in sports, i.e. all voluntary activities should be unrestrained. - JZ, 6.6.80.

COMPETITION: Competition is a means whereby producers vie to satisfy the wants of customers. Whatever their motivation, to be successful they must satisfy the wants of their customers or the latter will not buy." - Ruth Dazey, Competition, Bane or Blessing? THE FREEMAN, Sep. 77, p. 537.

COMPETITION: Competition is a procedure of discovery, a procedure involved in all evolution, that led man unwittingly to respond to novel situations; and through further competition, not through agreement, we gradually increase our efficiency." – F. A. Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.19. - Here he overlooks the partly parallel and partly supplementary role of voluntary and rational cooperation in production and exchange. - JZ, 28.7.92.

COMPETITION: Competition is advantageous to both, while monopoly damages the consumer and the supplier alike." - Hugh Elwell, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, "Down With The Poor", p. 87.

COMPETITION: Competition is always destructive - to monopolies and cartels." - Bob Howard, 17.2.78.

COMPETITION: Competition IS cooperation - through the market, and cooperation, properly organized, can be very competitive. - JZ, 20.4.86.

COMPETITION: Competition is freedom." - Bastiat, quoted by G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.213.

COMPETITION: Competition is hated most by those who know and understand it least." - JZ, 3.5.93, 15.6.94.

COMPETITION: Competition is just one aspect of freedom of contract. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Competition is merely the absence of oppression. – Bastiat, Economic Harmonies, - Bastiat, quoted by G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p. 213. - Also of monopolies, exploitation, wars, civil wars, revolutions, terrorism and all too prolonged poverty and delayed progress. – JZ, 17.11.08. - OPPRESSION, DESPOTISM, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM

COMPETITION: Competition is sinful." - John D. Rockefeller. - Did he really say this? And if he did - was it before or after he made his first millions? - JZ, 17.7.84.

COMPETITION: Competition is the force responsible for the urge to serve customers well." - W. A. Paton, THE FREEMAN, 6/73. - Not only "customers", also employers, employees, creditors, debtors etc. - JZ

COMPETITION: Competition is the foundation of a free market and a framework for all individual rights and liberties. It is needed most in the supply of the so-called government services, which are now restricted to those 'services’ provided by national gang-leaders on their turfs. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Competition is the harmonious marriage between free enterprise and consumer sovereignty. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Competition is the panacea ... accounts for the contention that immorality is unprofitable." - Peter Crosby, in "The Utopia of Competition" (THE PERSONALIST) attacks this notion. - It all depends. When aggressively immoral action may only be exposed to the very limited counter-force which bureaucratic "protective" services can provide, then crime might pay. Alternatively, it might be made to encounter the freely competitive services of a protective, preventative, penalising, deterrent, reforming and indemnifying kind (at the expense of the criminals with victims). Under freely competitive crime fighting, crime would not pay but fighting crime would be profitable - at the expense of the criminals. - One should never praise or condemn competition while tacitly eliminating it from consideration or practice in all too large and important spheres. To become truly self-regulating, competition must become free in all spheres. - JZ, 16.6.94. - COURTS, POLICE, MILITIA, SELF-DEFENCE, GUN CONTROL, PROTECTIVE SERVICES, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM, MONETARY FREEDOM, PRISONS.

COMPETITION: Competition is the pressure present in the market which induces producers... to endeavor to meet the expressed (*) needs and desires of customers, and as efficiently as possible." - W. A. Paton, THE FREEMAN, 6/73. – (*) also latent! - JZ

COMPETITION: Competition is the unwanted daughter of liberty and the unloved mother of prosperity." - Helmar Nahr.

COMPETITION: Competition is wrong because some are better competitors than others.” – Thus no more Olympics and Nobel Prizes? – JZ, 11.11.04. – Competition can also determine who can serve others best or can serve for all as a good example to be followed as far as one can. – So much nonsense in so many heads – also in the heads of teachers, lecturers and writers and no systematic refutation of all of it, in encyclopedic form! - JZ 5.10.07, 13.11.08. - INEQUALITY, EQUALITY,

COMPETITION: Competition keeps the world going, not love." - Faulkner. (Retranslated from German version.) – As if love were not also full of competitive options. For every man the choice among more than 3 billion women and for every woman the choice among more than 3 billion men. To impose life-long marriage contracts reduces that competition. All kinds of marriage contracts and liaisons should be permitted, as long as adults are involved and they are voluntary. E.g. marriage contracts limited to 2, 5 or 10 years, but renewable, if both desire this. – JZ, 10.11.10.

COMPETITION: Competition means producer- and consumer sovereignty, both at the expense and risk of producers and consumers, regulated only by free pricing, publicity and voluntarism, amounting to the law of supply and demand. - JZ, 16.6.96.

COMPETITION: Competition on the market aims at assigning to every individual that function in the social system in which he can render to all his fellow men the most valuable of the services he is able to perform.” – Source? - MARKET

COMPETITION: Competition quickly and severely punishes managements that are stupid or lazy or get out of touch with conditions. In the tough struggle between communism and private enterprise, business needs the spur and the discipline of stiff competition to keep it dynamic and well managed." - Sumner, Slichter, in the ATLANTIC MONTHLY.

COMPETITION: Competition requires that not only the supply of goods and services is freed from all restrictions but also the demand for them (consumer-sovereignty, the need or want, free choice, supplied with purchasing power). The demand is not free as long as it is tied to the possession of exclusive exchange media and an exclusive standard of value. To free it, producers and traders must be free to offer their own non-coercive (without legal tender) private exchange media or clearing certificates or account credits (alone or in association with others), using any standard of value that is acceptable to their trading partners. Thus they could offer, at the same time, ready for sale goods and services that are regularly needed and wanted and also short term value tokens as means of payment, standardised and typified like money, that are at any time during the next few weeks or months redeemable at face value in these goods and services. With these they could usually, mostly or to some extent pay their wage bill, suppliers and debts and thereby put active demand for their goods and services into circulation. They could also make short-term loans with them, obtaining in exchange short term bills, which they could use to pay their suppliers. In this way Say's Law would be automatically realized, namely, that supply of goods and services would create its own monetary or clearing demand. The limit for the issue of the exchange media would be set by their free market rate: If they fall below or too far below their face value (against the chosen standard of value), then their acceptance will be refused. Only the issuer would still have to accept them at par and he would obviously lose if he could issue them only at a discount and yet had immediately to accept them again at par from all his debtors. He would also earn only suspicion and distrust and often refusals towards his money among his potential local customers and his suppliers. - If in other locations the exchange rate of his media would fall, while in his usual payment sphere and, naturally, by himself, they would still be accepted at par, then this fallen “international” exchange would rate act as an incentive to return these media fast to him or other local acceptors, who would accept them at par. Thus this kind of fall in the exchange rate would accelerate the reflux of these media and thus abolish itself, usually fast, merely through their return to the issuer or, indirectly, first to his local debtors and then to him. Only because this fundamental basis of free competition was so long overlooked did a severe competition between the suppliers of goods and services result, a competition for the possession of rare because monopolized exchange media. With freedom to issue, producers can liquidify their saleable consumer goods and services and thereby ensure their sales - at competitive prices. The certificates, redeemable in what they have to offer, will pay their bills and ensure their own return to them, i.e. the sales of the issuer when they are presented to him for "redemption" in his goods and services. - Competition in the monetary sphere, monetary freedom or free banking, is so little discussed and comprehended that concise sayings on this subject are not grasped by most and at most provoke the utterance of one or the other monetary myth. (*) When anything useful can be easily sold, at its free market price, against any kind of competitive exchange medium (one that is found widely enough acceptable, at least locally), then most objections against competition will soon come to an end. Under this competition, i.e. one without the issue monopoly, its legal tender power and central bank privileges, good money will tend to drive out the bad. The bad money will be refused, the good one preferred and this is as it should be. - JZ, 18.7.84, 16.6.94, 18.11.08 - I am still working towards a separate alphabetized collection of all ideas, thoughts, arguments, facts and terms related to monetary freedom. See: - JZ - (*) I did a search today with Google for “free banking” and got 105 million search results. Alas, obviously including many duplicate entries and results of “interest free” banking. On “monetary freedom” I got 23.3. million results but, probably, most of the entries do not deal with what I would consider to be genuine monetary freedom. – Checking out as many references is almost impossible for an individual. To extract the most relevant ones would require a team effort. – JZ, 30.1.13. – GRESHAM’S LAW, PROPERLY UNDERSTOOD

COMPETITION: Competition will tend to bring about the most economical and efficient method of production possible within existing technology - and then it will start devising a still more efficient technology. It will reduce the cost of existing production, it will improve products, it will invent or discover wholly new products, as individual producers try to think what consumers would buy if it existed. - Those who are least successful in this competition will lose their original capital and be forced out of the field; those who are most successful will acquire through profits more capital to increase their production still further. So capitalist production tends constantly to be drawn into the hands of those who have shown that they can best meet the wants of the consumers." - Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, 233. – The same applies to all kinds of political social, religious, ideological systems practised freely only among volunteers, all under their own exterritorial autonomy and personal law, after their members have seceded from the chaos and suppression of the territorial States. To each his own system, which means: no physical intervention with the systems practised by other communities of volunteers. However: Full freedom of expression for criticizing the systems others choose for themselves. – And full freedom of expression for the others to criticize the own system – but only in their publications, meetings and associations and in all those accessible to the general public. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMPETITION: Competition, a 'seeking together' as the English say, concurrence, a 'running' or 'agreeing' together as the French say, is a running together to serve, not to combat. Unless each party is benefited, or believes himself to be benefited, there will be no transaction, and no oppression. Concurrence leads to contract, and freedom of contract and enforcement of contract is the basis of economic life..." - S. Hutchinson-Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.104.

COMPETITION: competition, despite its evils, prevents greater evils ... every restriction of it is an evil..." - J. S. Mill, quoted by Lauchlan Chipman, QUADRANT, 4/76. – What evils? – JZ

COMPETITION: Competition, it must be insisted, is not a cruel or baneful influence; it is rigorous, but neither unfair nor destructive. Competition should not be equated with misrepresentation, fraud, or any form of predatory conduct. The essence of competition is pressure on the producer to reduce costs and improve products to attract and keep customers... Here is the feature of the market which provides protection for the interests of customers. Competition represents the pressure needed to keep all producers disciplined and on their toes." - W. A. Paton, quoted in FREE MAN'S ALMANAC, for Nov. 22nd. (Compiled by Leonard E. Read of FEE.) – However, it must be admitted that in the absence of free competition in the sphere of exchange media and clearing options and that of the free use of alternative and sound value standards, those who do competitively offer their labor, services or goods do often have a hard stand. What they are offered in payment is only an unsound monopoly money, often under-supplied and sometimes over-supplied, in a system so bad that it even combines deflation with inflation in “stagflation”, and does again and again, in combination with other wrongful and anti-economic interventions, e.g. taxes, causes one crises after the other. The ability to sell and to pay is then greatly reduced for almost all except the central banks. The effect of monetary despotism is almost as bad as if our air-, water-, food and clothing supply were monopolized. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COMPETITION: Competition, on the other hand, compels the servicer to meet the standards set by his competitors, with the customer the final judge as to proficiency. The beneficiary of competition is the buyer." - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax ... p.87. - The seller, too! He can sell to all the market, not only to a few privileged participants. Instance: tariffs penalise sellers and customers. - JZ, 17.7.84. Moreover, all sellers are also consumers. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: competition, so far from being a curse and a danger, is the highest form of economic blessing." - Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, p.95.

COMPETITION: Competition, when not truly and completely free, is deplorable." - Edward H. Fulton, quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.193. – What is deplorable is not the remaining competition but that the competition is not free enough. All too often it does not include full monetary and financial freedom. This results in sharp and almost desperate competition for exchange media and credit. A competitive supply of both, not interfered with by a territorial government at all, could rapidly overcome these shortages and also supply more sound exchange media, value standards and credit options. – JZ, 10.11.10.

COMPETITION: Competition, which can be organized as a beneficial regulating force in an economy, has been stifled and in places eliminated, and competition has been powerfully developed in political life, where it is at best wasteful and at worst lethal.” - H. S. Ferns, The Disease of Government, p.76. - Competition need not be organized, it just has to be allowed or free, i.e. to be left alone! We do not as yet have free competition in politics. At best we have there a competition not of services but of pretences, of lies, of coercion, influence or pull, of monopolies and power. Free competition would require the equivalent of consumer sovereignty for government services; individual secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for volunteers: panarchism. The suppression of this alternative is the worst disease of all present governments. - JZ, 17.7.84, 30.1.13. – Present “competition” in political life has "legal tender" power, i.e., forced acceptance and forced value, through territorialism. Thus the bad is enabled, to drive out the good, in a political "Gresham's Law". (Popular version of the bad driving out the good. Under freedom, i.e. without legal tender for the bad, the good drives out the bad.) But to use the term "competition" in this connection, without being applied to "competing governments", “competing societies” and “competing communities” and competing “personal law” systems, all for volunteers only - is actually an abuse of the language. The aggressions and oppressions of individual rights and liberties that are involved, are not contractual and market, voluntary or mutual benefit actions or trades but, rather, outright crimes, invasions and aggressions, destructive rather than helpful acts, single convenience relationships, where force is used towards the dissenters and fraud towards the followers. We should not honour such actions by calling them "competition". - JZ, 16.6.94, 30.1.13.

COMPETITION: competition ... an egalitarian device, giving to each man what he most wanted, and bringing within reach of all men the fruits of their production." - G.C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p. 213.

COMPETITION: Competition" between the worst, the imposed systems, services and goods, must be replaced by competition between the best or the voluntarily chosen systems, services and goods. Only thus can complaints and injustices be reduced to a minimum and satisfactions maximised. - JZ, 18.7.84. - PANARCHISM

COMPETITION: condemned the market economy on the ground that cooperation was good, competition bad. What a fallacy! Example: When bakers of bread compete, the one who provides the best - highest quality at the lowest price - is the one with whom we cooperate. Competition and cooperation are twin virtues and when strictly observed they form what might well be called 'the thank you society'. When buying a loaf of bread for 75 c, I say 'Thank you' because I want the bread more than the money. The grocer says 'Thank you' because he wants the money more than the bread. This is the free market at the bread-and-butter level." – Leonard E. Read, How Do We Know? 81/82. – Competition in every sphere keeps e.g. free enterprise and consumer sovereignty in balance with each other. – JZ., 30.1.13. - , COOPERATION

COMPETITION: conflict and competition are opposite things. To picture conflict, I see lines of force meeting head on. That's not the same as competition. Competition consists of parallel lines of force proceeding at varying speeds towards similar goals." - LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.65.

COMPETITION: Contrary to official dogma, it is the planned and controlled segments of the economy that are most chaotic. The only competition that has been 'improved' by regulation is that between the growing number of government agencies and bureaus fighting over jurisdictional authority." - John Semmens, THE FREEMAN, 2/78. – Actually, the regulation of demarcation disputes should not be done by officials but simply by individual customers, clients, etc., making their own free choices on a free market in this sphere as well, according to the principle involved in “free choice of doctors” and “religious liberty” and genuine and consistent freedom of contract and freedom of association. – To each group of volunteers also their crimes acts and their juridical and penal avenues. - JZ, 17.11.08. - PANARCHISM

COMPETITION: cooperation is only a dream in the absence of competition." - L. E. Read, ABC of Freedom. – A productive cooperative is one form of organizing competition better than is possible under the hierarchical employer-employee relationship. – JZ, 18.11.08.

COMPETITION: Cutthroat competition” is a contradiction in terms. Competitors do not win by cutting the throat of competitors. Bandits, robbers, robber barons, war lords, Mafia members or drug pushers, in their struggle for an exclusive turf, (just like territorial warfare States) do. But their fights do not deserve the term “competition”. – “Dog eat dog competition” is also an extremely misleading terms. I have still to see businessmen acting like cannibals towards each other. They may try to make e.g. take-over bids but these are also a kind of trades, acquiring and using property titles to gain a majority of votes in a company. They are, inherently, peaceful and not man-eating transactions, often getting companies under new and better management. Providing a better service than one’s competitor does is not a wrongful disservice to anyone, even if thereby a less competent businessman loses all his customers and thus gets out of business as he should be. His customers are under not moral obligation to keep him in business, far less are the taxpayers. – JZ, 31.1.98, 21.9.08. - “CUTTHROAT COMPETITION” & “DOG EAT DOG COMPETITION”?

COMPETITION: Dog eat Dog Competition' is a terrible misnomer. Among dog lovers one kind of dogs is often preferred to others and this breed thus spreads. But this does not mean that any dogs are eaten, either by the dog lovers or the dogs themselves. In both cases the consumers, who best represent the public interest make individual choices. Most dogs don't eat dogs and most people don't eat dogs. And no matter how popular a breed is, each dog lover is still at liberty to have only his particular other brand. - JZ, 11.1.77, 16.6.94. –

COMPETITION: Each advance over Nature, after first rewarding the initiative of a few men, soon becomes, by the operation of the law of competition, the gratuitous and common heritage of all mankind." – Frederic Bastiat, Economic Harmonies, p.416. - PROGRESS, POVERTY, WEALTH, RICHES

COMPETITION: Each form of cooperation competes with the other and each competitor cooperates willy-nilly with all others - towards a common aim - the greatest prosperity for all. - JZ, 3.6.93, 23.6.93. – PROSPERITY, WEALTH, HIGH STANDARD OF LIVING

COMPETITION: economic competition is a rightful use of man's freedom..." - Roger Donway in THE FREEMAN, 12/74. – Exterritorial political. economic and social competition are quite rightful as well, although not yet widely recognized as such. – JZ, 17.11.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM ETC.

COMPETITION: efficient service to others becomes a technique for advancing one's own prosperity. In short, it was seen as making a large sub-class of other-regarding actions pay, and as coming as near as seemed humanly possible to realising the conclusion of the REPUBLIC that the just man - Plato's man, who willingly and cheerfully does well what he can peculiarly do well and keeps his nose clean, so far as other people's affairs are concerned - should profit." - Lauchlan Chipman, QUADRANT, 4/76. - INVISIBLE HAND, MARKET, HARMONIES, PROFIT

COMPETITION: Eliminate monopolies and special privileges and then let the free and equal competitive market take over." - Steven Cord, GOOD GOVERNMENT, 6/75.

COMPETITION: Enemies strengthen you. Allies weaken." - Frank Herbert, God Emperor of Dune, p.51. – Not in every respect. There is much opportunity for libertarians to collaborate in tackling larger libertarian projects that go beyond the strength of a single libertarian. If all libertarian projects were listed online, many would be astonished at their number and the amount of work still to be done. Such a list could lead to extensive productive collaboration between many libertarians, who, otherwise, might never have heard of or read of each other and of certain libertarian projects they would be interested in. –  See e.g. the projects I described shortly in my digitized NEW DRAFT book manuscript. - JZ, 30.1.13.

COMPETITION: Establish freedom and open competition in everything, and all forms of trade and enterprise, all relations of men to each other, tend to become healthy and vigorous, pure and clean. The better and more efficient forms - as they do throughout nature's world - slowly displacing the inefficient forms. It must be so; for in the fair open fight the good always tend to win over the bad, if only you restrain all interference of force. It is so with freedom everywhere and in all things. Freedom begets the conflict; the conflict begets the good and helpful qualities; and the good and helpful qualities win their own victory. They must do so; for they are in themselves stronger, more energetic, more efficient, than the forces - the trickeries, the corruptions, the timidities, the selfishness - to which they are opposed. The same truth rules our good and bad habits. Only keep the field open and allow the fair fight, and the bad at last must yield to the good." - Auberon Herbert, Mack edition, p.361.

COMPETITION: Even the remnant of capitalism in Britain - though it accounts for whatever success our economy still enjoys - is not safe from further erosion until we can instruct both its practitioners and its critics that competitive enterprise is superior to any practicable alternative system not only on a material level but even more on the elevated moral plane." - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p, 18.

COMPETITION: Every firm should be free to increase its output and reduce its prices." - W. Francis Lloyd & Bertram Austin, Capital for Labour, London, 1927, p. 118. – There should also be freedom to reduce one’s output and increase one’s prices – as long as customers are willing to pay them. – JZ, 18.11.08.

COMPETITION: Every man must be left free to pursue his own interests and to compete with all other men, so long as he does not violate the laws of justice." - Ellen Frankel Paul, Adam Smith, A Reappraisal, JLS, Fall 77, 301. – SELF-INTEREST, SELFISHNESS, PROFIT, EGOISM

COMPETITION: Everybody likes to win in competitions. Nobody likes to lose. And since there are more losers than winners, competition and competitors tend to be put down rather than praised by those who did not manage to win or be at least runners-up. - This tends to happen regardless of the fact that in economics everybody benefits, at least indirectly, from the achievements of the winners. The more successful competitors there are in this sphere, the more everybody benefits and as consumers, with their own dollars, they do vote for the successful ones, i.e., those business enterprises that serve them best and employees, with their readiness to work productively, vote directly for those employers that can pay them the most - because they satisfy the largest numbers of consumers. - But all too many traces of envy remain, nevertheless, perhaps because too many people seem to think that it was just luck or fortune that was involved for the winners and that these phenomena had failed to smile upon them, as losers, although they feel that they are just as good as anybody else. - They have also all kinds of rationalisations for what they class as "unearned" income, even that which has not been obtained by force, fraud or legal monopolies. - JZ, 2.10.02, 18.11.08.

COMPETITION: Everyone should be equally free to compete in all attempts to best serve others and thereby make his own fortune. - JZ, 24.7.92.

COMPETITION: Everything points to a competitive structure as the best means to securing the maximum choice for the consumer, combined with a real consumer's influence over the facilities with which he is provided." - John Hibbs, Transport for Passengers, 1971, in R. Harris & A. Seldon, Not From Benevolence, p.140.

COMPETITION: excellent in principle, deplorable in practice." - I.E.A. - I would rather say: "excellent in principle but as yet insufficiently realized in practice." - JZ, 16.6.94. – Especially when it comes to the competitive supply of sound exchange media and value standards and of other services now considered to be a government monopoly. – JZ, 17.11.08. –

COMPETITION: For the Saint-Simonians, competition was a principal enemy and 'order would result only from the exceptions made to the principle of competition.' For Dunoyer, only competition can yield proper value and put in their correct place the means of order such as the police. The Saint-Simonians' desire to eliminate economic competition was shown by their wish to centralise the control of credit in the hands of bankers selected for this purpose." - Leonard P. Liggio, JLS, Summer 77,p. 169.

COMPETITION: Free competition against every large corporation - including governments. - JZ 74.

COMPETITION: Free competition among suppliers results in cooperation with customers." - Leonard E. Read, The Path of Duty, p.36.

COMPETITION: Free competition and free consumer choice in ALL spheres. - JZ 75.

COMPETITION: Free competition means that no services or goods are supplied "free" of direct charges or at subsidised prices at the expense of taxpayers and that anyone can supply any service, even a so-called government service, to voluntary customers for it. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Freedom and competition need the props of government supervision and control like a hole in the head. - JZ 73.

COMPETITION: Government and co-operation are in all things the laws of life; anarchy and competition the laws of death." - John Ruskin, Unto this Last. - Rather: Government and coercion set the laws of death while anarchy, cooperation and competition are, in all things, the laws of life. - JZ, 6. & 12. 11. 82. - Offhand, I can't remember any sensible remark by Ruskin on liberty. - JZ, 15.6.94. –

COMPETITION: How dull a world in which nobody could outrun anybody! Competition is a good thing, no matter how much people try to avoid it." - Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77.

COMPETITION: However, competition is a meaningless term where conditions of equality of opportunity are upset by bad laws as competition in supplying markets is then distorted into competition (*) for monopoly advantages, the dominant force in modern 'capitalism'." - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76. - (*) Here I would rather use "power struggles" than "competition". - JZ

COMPETITION: I dislike hypocrisy. When our competitor undercuts us, it is 'cut-throat competition'. When we undercut him, we are showing 'enterprise and efficiency'." - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 2/78, p. 8. –

COMPETITION: I do not favour corruption to eliminate competition but competition to eliminate corruption. – JZ - CORRUPTION

COMPETITION: If allowed to be universal and unrestricted, he believed that competition would result in the most perfect peace and truest cooperation." - Josiah Warren, according to Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.627.

COMPETITION: If competition were effectively outlawed, we would still be using stone axes and stone hammers only and live only short and brutal lives - if born in the more severe climates. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: if consumers are to get the deals most satisfactory to them, there have to be competing would-be suppliers with strong individual interests in securing custom." - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.167. - PROFIT, USE, NEED

COMPETITION: If they do not demand free competition, not only for themselves but for their rivals as well ... (they) accept both moral and intellectual degradation." - Donald M. Dozer, History as Force, in: Templeton, The Politicisation of Society, p.360.

COMPETITION: If you are too cowardly to compete on the plain of freedom, you shall compete on that of slavery." - M. D. O'Brien, The Natural Right to Freedom, p.346.

COMPETITION: If you compete with us that is against the law." - common sentiment, critically mentioned by John Singleton, 20.10.76. – It expresses the essence of all territorial governments and legislators, although competition against them is required most of all. – JZ, 17.11.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT & ASSOCIATION, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAWS

COMPETITION: In open competition no giant aggregate can break the more efficient small and medium size firms..." - WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, Summer 73, p. 39. – BIGNESS, BIG BUSINESS

COMPETITION: In popular thought it is erroneously seen as a social evil that allocates economic prizes only to the successful, whereas under free conditions, it is the crucial force that ensures equitable rewards to each economic unit in proportion to the importance of the services rendered, a natural force infinitely superior to any scheme conjured up by political wizards." - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76.

COMPETITION: in some cases - most strikingly and most familiarly in competitive games - a modicum of cooperation is a condition of the competition itself. I cannot play tennis unless someone is willing to cooperate with me so far as to have a game...." - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.142/43. – COOPERATION,

COMPETITION: In such sporting cases the cooperation among those who are at the same time competitors can scarcely fail to be a part of the intentions of all those who are cooperating. But it is also possible for people to be cooperating in practice to achieve ends which are no part of their intentions - ends of which they may even be wholly unaware. - This is precisely what happens in competition in trade and industry. It is easy, yet too rare, to understand why competition is so often uncongenial to those who may be pressed to compete. How much more comfortable for us it would be, they reflect, to stabilise the whole trade or the whole industry by sharing out the business between all the established suppliers. ... It is, nevertheless, through competition - abused perhaps as 'cut-throat, 'dog-eat-dog', or 'rat-race' - that competitors, whether willing or unwilling, whether with or without this intent, cooperate to serve customers by providing what those customers themselves find most acceptable." - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.143. - COOPERATION

COMPETITION: In the absence of competition and freedom of transactions, producers stagnate. It is only when others are doing better that one attempts to overcome, to gain strength. Competition, combined with free exchange, makes strong giants out of weak infants; this is the password to economic opportunity and well-being - an American idea well worth buying." - Leonard E. Read, ibid (?), 101. – Laissez-faire, laissez passer – not only in economics but also in politics and social relations and even for those who are opponents of laissez-faire, laissez passer – regarding their own affairs. Let them learn from their own mistakes. Outside observers need deterring examples as well. – Competition in every sphere – except when it comes e.g. to the destruction of the lives and properties of non-consenting victims, to the poisoning of land, waters and the air, to mass extermination devices, to experiments that endanger not only the voluntary participants. - JZ, 17.11.08. – Hopefully, someone has already combined all the books and other writings of L. E. Read on a disc. In that case it would be easy to find out when and where Read made e.g. that statement. Collected works editions for all libertarian writers in this format could be cheap and very portable. A comprehensive libertarian digital library could also offer them. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COMPETITION: In the first place, competition can be, and in commerce and industry usually is, between two teams; and no team is going to do well in any competition if its members refuse to cooperate with one another. (In the education world there is, surely, room for an explosive growth of such cooperative competition, with schools and forms competing to reach higher average levels of scholastic achievement; their different performances being honestly and realistically assessed, of course, by independent, objective, and external examinations.)" - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.142.

COMPETITION: Inequalities came from absence of competition, from political intervention which did not allow men the right to the fruits of their production." - G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p. 213. – Or the results of their voluntary associations. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMPETITION: It has always been rather strange to me, and has led me to thinking through these issues in the first place, why there has been a general presumption that competition in the private sector is desirable but that competition in the public sector is undesirable. On thinking that through, I was led to conclude that competition in the public sector is also desirable and for very much the same reasons as it is in the private sector..." - William Niskanen, in REASON, Nov. 78. - COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, MINORITY AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSION

COMPETITION: it is ... fair... to outdo a competitor by producing better and cheaper goods." - Positive wording of a statement by Mises in Human Action, p.8/9.

COMPETITION: It is at this point that opponents of competition say, 'It's all very well to talk about competition as being a beneficial process, but you know perfectly well that the big operators will conspire to set prices and will drive the little fellow out of business.' But in this they are confusing attempts to contaminate (*) competition with competition itself. - Studies indicate that despite prevalent illusions, harmful competition occurs only in those instances where force (legal or illegal) is introduced to weigh the scale on one or the other side of the agreement to buy and to sell. Presumed to be men's defence against 'unfair competition', in reality government is the club wielded to protect industrial giants from the beneficial interplay of competition." – Ruth Dazey, THE FREEMAN, 9/77, p. 538. – (*) rather: eliminate! - JZ

COMPETITION: It is clearly not a war of each against all but a natural stimulator of efficiency among producers supplying the market." - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76.

COMPETITION: It is distressing that competition has become a dirty word but the truth remains that it is the essential co-ordinating factor in the realm of market distribution and the very heart of the economy, since the continuance of social co-production depends primarily on a just division of wealth." - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76.

COMPETITION: It is evident that competition is freedom. To destroy freedom of action is to destroy the possibility, and consequently the power, of choosing, of judging, of comparing; it amounts to destroying reason, to destroying thought, to destroying man himself. ..." - Bastiat, in Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.213. - CHOICE, PRIVATE JUDGEMENT, PROPERTY, RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, NATURAL LAW

COMPETITION: it is in fact impossible to attain and maintain the highest levels of achievement without a deal of competition, and that this applies as much in the economy and in education as it does in sport." - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.140.

COMPETITION: it is interesting to note that nearly all government enterprises require protective legislation to prevent competition from private enterprise." - The Workers Party, Economic Policy, NSW State Elections, 1976.

COMPETITION: It may be argued, and it frequently is, that free competition is a ruthless and cruel process. But it is not nearly so ruthless and cruel as the opposite philosophy, which down through the ages has kept the majority of people ill-fed, ill-housed, ill-clothed, embroiled in wars, and dying of famine and pestilence.” - Henry Grady Weaver, The Mainspring of Human Progress, revised edition, FEE, 1953, p.240.

COMPETITION: It must by now be obvious, even if it was not before, that in an economic context the true antithesis of competition is not cooperation but monopoly. Those, therefore, whose declared aim is 'to bring about a society based on cooperation instead of competition', are at least half right in wanting to proceed by setting up more and more monopolies - whether these take the form of nationalised industries or of labour union closed shops. That there is a certain reluctance to stress this aspect of their policies is also easy to understand: the rest of us could scarcely fail to see that all producers' monopolies are against everyone's interests as consumers." - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, 143/4. - I am astonished that A. F. remained unaware of those opponents of all monopolies who favored cooperative production firms and also consumer cooperatives – because they thought them to be more competitive and profitable for their participants. – JZ, 18.11.08. - MONOPOLIES

COMPETITION: It provides the incentive for each worker to produce more and better. Competition exists whenever each person, each businessman, each worker, each buyer, each seller, can get ahead by offering more and better products and services for less money. The competitive system rewards both the buyer and the seller. The buyer is rewarded by getting what he wants for the best price. The seller receives a profit, if the product is worthy of enough sales. - The price and quantity of all goods and services, including wages, would be determined in this manner if the market were not encumbered by unnecessary controls." - Charles Heath, The Golden Egg, the Goose, and Us, p.34.

COMPETITION: Let competition do it. - JZ 75.

COMPETITION: Let us start a competition to collect, further improve and publish, permanently, the best sayings on competition! - There may be tens of thousands of excellent sayings on free competition - but they have not yet been collected, edited and publicised enough to give them the competitive edge. - JZ, 18.7.84, 11.7.94.

COMPETITION: Liberty means competition." – Frederic Bastiat, The Law. - Competition means liberty. - JZ, 15.6.94. – Competition, rights and liberties means also xyz forms of voluntary cooperation. – JZ, 18.11.08.

COMPETITION: Market competition rather than political command, in every sphere. - JZ, 16.2.88, free after Wilhelm Roepke, revised 15.6.94.

COMPETITION: Market transactions rest on consent; they invite the widest participation by consumers and producers, and maximise the freedom all can enjoy without infringing the like freedom of others. By exposing all suppliers to challenge, a competitive system sets limits to the power that the most grasping interests can exert." - Ralph Harris, The End of Government....? p.35.

COMPETITION: Mill's socialism was to be the exploratory and experimental operation of mutually competitive voluntary associations or communes of individuals. Competition, for Mill, was essential; the only alternative to competition was, and is, monopoly, the evils of which Mills believed to be far greater than the 'inconveniences' of competition which Mill's socialist contemporaries condemned." - Lauchlan Chipman, QUADRANT, 4/76. - What they actually and unknowingly condemned was the incompleteness of competition. In the political sphere only panarchies: exterritorial and autonomous protective associations of volunteers could provide fully free competition. - JZ, 18.7.84. - In the economic sphere mainly full monetary freedom, including full clearing freedom, combined with full financial freedom and organisational freedom for cooperatives, partnerships etc., and the expropriation of the bureaucracy, apart from all the other classical economic liberties, could provide full competition, choices and options for employees to become independent and wealthy through their labours and could secure them from the dangers of inflations, deflations, depressions and compulsory tax burdens. - JZ, 16.6.94. - Still only a tiny minority has become somewhat aware of this extent of competition and its consequences. - JZ, 3.10.02.

COMPETITION: Monopoly favors the rich (on the whole) just as competition (on the whole) favors the poor. - George Watson - Anja Hartleb – Facebook, 10.3.12. - MONOPOLY, RICH & POOR PEOPLE

COMPETITION: No restriction on competitive political and economic activities, no more so than in sports or religion, i.e., all to be completely voluntary and at the expense and risk of the participants only. None to be granted any territorial monopoly, privilege or powers, any exclusive territorial sovereignty, wrongly named "territorial integrity". - JZ, 6.6.80, 16.6.94. - PANARCHISM

COMPETITION: Nothing is more fundamental to capitalism than competition, its very lifeblood." - Israel M. Kirzner, Capital, Competition and Capitalism, in Champions of Freedom, p.69. – It is not only fundamental in economics, in religion, philosophy, arts, sports, fashion, literature, hobbies etc. but also regarding political and social systems of whatever kind that are tolerantly practised only among their believers and at their expense and costs, even if they are, by their ideology, opponents to capitalism. All kinds of socialist and statist acts among consenting adults, just like like all kinds of capitalist acts among consenting adults! – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMPETITION: Of course, many businessmen do not earn profits. Those businessmen whose balance sheets show losses are soon driven from the market and forced, by economic necessity, to try their hands at something else. This is how society, acting through the market, discourages the inefficient use of labor, natural resources, and capital goods." - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 10/74.

COMPETITION: One either competes for customers or for handouts and favours at the expense of other victims of taxation. - JZ, 25.3.85.

COMPETITION: One of the good things of competition is that its victories are only temporary. Incentives to improve continue and are picked up by others. It has thus been called a leap-frogging competition. Sometimes one, then someone else is ahead - and the race goes on. - JZ, 14.12.76, 17.7.84, in reply to a saying by George Orwell: "The trouble with competitions is that somebody wins them." - The benefit of competition is that always somebody wins. Indeed, more and more victories over nature are won, making life easier and better all the time, and that such victories go on and on, in every field, to the benefit of everybody. Each defeated gets other chances, in the same or some other business or job, the chance to be as serviceable towards others as he can be. However, the tax and power enforced demand for disservices, e.g. the advanced weapons of power seekers, has engendered an unhealthy competition for the production of anti-people mass-murder devices. Competing governments and societies, with voluntary members only, who would merely be exterritorially autonomous, would end that strife and almost perpetual cold or hot war. - See Peace Plans 16-17 and 61-63, now on - JZ, 16.6.94. – LEAP-FROG COMPETITION

COMPETITION: Only competitors like competition." - Richard W. Wilcke, Competition, July/August 83. - Their customers like it too. – They compete with their money for the best bargains offered. - JZ

COMPETITION: Open all areas of government to private competition." - Progress Party, Queensland. – The governments themselves, not only their branches, departments etc., should be opened to competition by exterritorially autonomous communities and societies of volunteers. – JZ, 10.11.10.

COMPETITION: Open competition assures the most efficient effort is that which most fully succeeds. All are advancing each other while effecting the material, intellectual and spiritual uplift of the whole world." - Joan Marie Leonard, THE FREEMAN, 9/76.

COMPETITION: Open exits ('there is the door!' says the shopkeeper, or: 'I'll let myself out', says the disappointed, potential customer) are as important for competition as free entry ("Come in, look around and browse freely!") and the absence of compulsory licensing for producers and service providers.). - JZ, 18.7.84, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Others seek protection from competitors; their attitude is, 'Screw the consumer!'" - THE CHARLES CURLEY LETTER, April 1977. - PROTECTION, PROTECTIONISM, MONOPOLY, PRIVILEGES

COMPETITION: Our enemies can largely be eliminated by introducing the kinds of competition they always try to eliminate. - JZ, 6.6.92. - However, in practice they will only be eliminated from the front ranks and will have to be satisfied with a lower standard of living, corresponding to their lower productivity - their lesser services to others. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Our freedom of choice in a competitive society rests on the fact that, if one person refuses to satisfy our wishes, we can turn to another. But if we face a monopolist we are at his mercy. And an authority directing the whole economic system would be the most powerful monopolist conceivable." - F. A. Hayek, The Road to Serfdom, 1944. - Alas, he still wanted to give a territorial government, although an as limited one as he thought to be ideal, the exclusive monopoly to provide government services not only to voluntary but also to involuntary subjects.- JZ, 15.6.94. - This in spite of the fact that he had been in contact with radical libertarians like Rothbard. This tends to prove my case that even some of the finest heads are not ready for all aspects of liberty. Rothbard, in turn, was behind Hayek, with regard to monetary freedom options. - JZ, 10.7.94. – TERRITORIALISM, CHOICE, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, MARKET, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, MINORITY AUTONOMY, EXTERRITORIALITY, LIMITED GOVERNMENT

COMPETITION: People who talk about "cooperation, not competition" as an ideal have no idea that cooperation is what enterprises, as such, compete AT. - Brad Spangler, on Facebook 6.3.12. – Competition is a form of cooperation and cooperation is a form of competition. – JZ, 6.3.12. & COOPERATION

COMPETITION: Price control does NOT bring down the price of petrol - but the competition from a few small companies DOES. Food prices do not come down by price control, but as a result of increasing competition between suppliers." - George Hardy, The Doom of the Welfare Society, p.55.

COMPETITION: Price like value is something movable, essentially changeable and is ruled in its changes only by competition, i.e., through the ability of the consumer, which he finds in himself and in others, to do without expensive things. Remove competition and things have no longer a price, their value is only a word, the exchange is something arbitrary, the circulation has lost its balance, the society, deprived of its original force, stands still like a pendulum whose spring has been released." - Proudhon, Confessions of a Revolutionary, p.15, The People's Bank, p.6. - Translated from a German version.

COMPETITION: Proudhon continued to believe that competition is 'the spice of exchange, the salt of work. To suppress competition is to suppress liberty itself.'" - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.244.

COMPETITION: Regardless of all the noisy arguments to the contrary, everyone known to me favors both competition and free trade. Name one who does not favor competition among those from whom he buys. Logically, then, how can one favor competition among millions of others and be against it for himself! This is irrationality, not disagreement." - Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, 101. – But just as people are at liberty to carry contradictory ideas in their own heads and engage in contradictory actions, at their own risk and expense, they should be free to commit all kinds of inconsistencies in their own communities, make mistakes and practise errors at their own risk and expense. Christians and other religious people have done that for thousands of years. But only they should suffer the consequences. To each the own system and the results of his own actions. If they want to waste their lives, earnings and property in their way, so be it. – JZ, 17.11.08.

COMPETITION: Rival: attempt to reach the same level of proficiency or recognition as another; to equal or surpass." - Some dictionary definition.

COMPETITION: self-interest is that indomitable individualistic force within us that urges us on to progress and discovery, but at the same time disposes us to monopolise our discoveries. Competition is that no less indomitable humanitarian force that wrests progress, as fast as it is made, from the hands of the individual and places it at the disposal of all mankind. These two forces, which may well be deplored when considered individually, work together to create our social harmony." - Bastiat, in Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, (Harmonies, 289)

COMPETITION: since liberty is still a sacred word and still has the power to stir men's hearts, her enemies would strip her of her name and her prestige and, re-christening her COMPETITION, would lead her forth to sacrifice while the applauding multitudes extend their hands to receive their chains of slavery." - Bastiat, quoted by G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone. - Competition is nothing but the practical application of all individual rights and liberties in all spheres and by some or many people. - JZ, 15.6.94.

COMPETITION: Stiff competition? Yes, indeed, But also cooperation of the highest order, for it involves absolute respect for the lives, the property, the freedom - the gamut of human rights - of every peaceful person in the world." - Paul L. Poirot, THE FREEMAN, 4/79.

COMPETITION: The alternative to competition (the better service of customers in the free market) is coercion applied by those who would have the field exclusively to themselves." - Read, ABC of Freedom.

COMPETITION: The challenge of competition is the spur to exceptional effort and each new achievement inspires others to emulate or outshine it. In sport, players may say the game is its own reward, but they keep a careful tally of distance run, time taken, goals scored and matches won, which are at once the ultimate incentives to higher standards and the yardsticks of success. Likewise in business, if we want the creative drive that competition alone can ensure, we must tolerate, if we do not welcome, differences in wages, salaries, profits and other material rewards as a spur and measure of differential contributions to material production." - Ralph Harris, in in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.15.

COMPETITION: The contention of Individualist Socialism is that competition, when left free, is possible throughout nearly the whole of industry and commerce, and that, whenever thus possible, it abolishes usury and secures labor in the ownership of its entire product." - B. R. Tucker, quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.158.

COMPETITION: The discovery procedure which we call competition aims at the closest approach we can achieve by any means known to us to a somewhat more modest aim which is nevertheless highly important: namely a state of affairs in which all that is in fact produced is produced at the lowest possible cost." – F. A. Hayek, The Confusion of Language ... p.30.

COMPETITION: The essence of competition is pressure on the producer to reduce costs and improve products to attract and keep customers ... Here is the feature of the market which provides protection for the interests of the customers." - Leonard. E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 7/77. - It cannot be stated too often that this does also apply to the production of exchange media and to agreements on value standards, to credit and clearing facilities, that the self-regulating features of the market work also in this sphere and that the market is only free when it is also free in this respect. In justice, it must be said that Read did come out in favour of monetary freedom. Alas, he did so only by the way and in all too general terms. What the world needs now in this sphere is a handbook on monetary freedom. But the literature is so dispersed, unknown and inaccessible that no individual can bring all the references together. It has to be a systematic and cooperative effort of quite a number of researchers and writers. Proof: even Hayek, when writing his Denationalisation of Money, after being interested for 45 years in this sphere, managed to overlook almost all the monetary freedom writings of his predecessors and to misunderstand and wrongly classify one he quoted, namely Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen. Without such a handbook the truths in this sphere will continue to be swamped by a multitude of errors, myths and prejudices, even among those who believe themselves to be consistent opponents of governmental money systems. - JZ, 17.7.84.

COMPETITION: The essence of the case for competition is the impossibility of predicting most of its consequences. The superiority of the competitive market is the positive stimuli it provides for constantly improving efficiency, innovating, and offering consumers diversity of choice." - Alfred E. Kahn, "Deregulation and Vested Interests: The Case of Airlines", in Roger G. Noll and Bruce M. Owen, eds., The Political Economy of Deregulation, as quoted by Lawrence W. Reed in "Internet Access Should Be Left to the Free Market", printed in the April, 2000, issue of "Ideas on Liberty". - FREE MARKET

COMPETITION: The freer and more general the competition, the more advantageous to the public. This result is naturally achieved as if led by an 'invisible hand'." - Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, 1776. - Monetary and clearing freedom was so far invisible as a decisive factor, even to most advocates of the 'invisible hand'. - JZ, 18.7.84.

COMPETITION: The idea of imposing restrictions on a free economy to assure freedom of competition is like breaking a man's leg to make him run faster. - M. R. Sayre - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

COMPETITION: The infant industries argument has become generalised. All consider themselves now in practice as infant producers and consumers who cannot stand adult competition and choice. - JZ, 1/75.

COMPETITION: The last resort of a competitive economy is the bailiff; the ultimate sanction of the planned economy is the hangman." - F. A. Hayek.

COMPETITION: The man who is aware of his inability to stand competition scorns ‘this mad competitive system”. He who is unfit to serve his fellow citizens wants to rule them.” – Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy.

COMPETITION: The one organization which is not under any competitive pressure to improve, is the government." - Marc Stiegler, letter, ANALOG, Oct. 89, p. 186. - There is some "competition" for votes, for tax funds, for government funded jobs and projects. But they deceive the tax payers, the distributors and the beneficiaries alike and reduce rather than increase their productivity. Competition among parties to rule, among politicians for positions, are all instances for imperfect competition within territorial, coercive and monopolistic power-systems. - JZ, 7.5.91, 15.6.94. - TERRITORIALISM

COMPETITION: the remedy for the inconveniences of competition is more competition." - Proudhon, System of Economical Contradictions, p. 260, on Dunoyer and other economists. - Rather: contradictions of "economists" or of “economics” teachings. - JZ

COMPETITION: The Socialist says: nationalise industry and stop the competitive fight for profit; this will provide the soil in which brotherly love can grow. The Individualist denies that the average man of today is altruist and virtuous enough not to take advantage of the opportunities either to feather his own nest, or simply to slack in a socialist state. Competition and the free market allow the individual to get rich through his superior service, and everybody is free to choose between competing offers of service. This system, we think, offers the strongest incentive to men to serve their fellows, and the greatest freedom for each man to make his own choice. Does the Socialist reply that this freedom has not led to equity in the past? We reply that real freedom of exchange has never yet been tried." - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 12/75.

COMPETITION: The socialists really shouldn't be afraid of competition but welcome it as the means to their victory - seeing that they believe that competition leads to monopoly. The greatest and freest competition would thus lead to the greatest monopoly: State Socialism. - JZ, 75. - Or so they believe or pretend to believe. - JZ, 3.10.02.

COMPETITION: The truth is that economic competition is the very opposite of competition in the animal kingdom. It is not a competition in the grabbing off of scarce nature-given supplies, as it is in the animal kingdom. Rather, it is a competition in the positive creation of new and additional wealth.” - George Reisman. – And also in the free exchange of this wealth for other goods and services. – JZ, 11.1.08. – COMPETITION IN ECONOMICS IS NOT A DOG EATS DOG COMPETITION

COMPETITION: The urge for freedom is a built-in habit of Americans more than of any other people. Professor W. A. Paton sheds light on why this continues to work its wonders: 'Competition, it must be insisted, is not a cruel or baneful influence; it is rigorous, but neither unfair nor destructive.'" - Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 7/77. - But if one is only free to compete for the possession of essential and monopolised exchange media, then competition is incomplete and thus unfree and what remains of it approximates the struggle for water in a desert. Those who have it are well off. Those who haven't are dependent upon them and will tend to be short supplied, and at too high a price. - It is hard for me to comprehend how hundreds of remarks pro and con competition can be made without touching on this aspect of it at all. - But e.g. with the threat of war through territorial monopoly and coercion and the peaceful alternative of exterritorial autonomy for volunteers it is quite the same. - JZ, 18.7.84, 10.7.94. – MONETARY DESPOTISM

COMPETITION: The view that the free market is a chaotic and non-cooperative activity may also be mentioned, Actually, the truly free and keenly competitive market is a model of sensitive adaptation, automatically, to the ebb and flow of the attitudes, needs, and varying circumstances of the participants. It is anything but chaotic. And its intricate maze of relationships between producers and customers presents the most remarkable example of cooperation, without coercive direction or control, to be found in human affairs." - W. A. Paton, THE FREEMAN, June 73, quoted in the Sep. 77 issue, p. 540.

COMPETITION: the virtues of competition, as free markets as possible, and business open to all talents, are precisely that they offer different ways at varying costs to the same ends." - Graham Hutton, in foreword to Hayek's Economic Freedom and Representative Government.

COMPETITION: the vying among the specialists for the favour of the community." - Frank Chodorov, The Rise & Fall of Society, p.57. - Not for the favours of the whole community but just for the favours of individuals living in one or several different communities. - JZ, 15.6.94.

COMPETITION: There exist only some types of competition of which there exists too much and these types are due to certain natural rights competitions being coercively and territorially suppressed. E.g., the are too many beggars and homeless people, too many unemployed, too many lawyers, politicians, their voters, too many bureaucrats, too many armed State forces, too many legalized monopolies, in forms of e.g. movies or songs or patents competing with each other, all on monopoly terms. – JZ, 30.3.03, 8.9.070. – Too much competition for monopoly money! In other spheres we have too little competition, e.g. from panarchies, free banks, free experiments with social, economic and political systems. – To little competition exists in the supply of better exchange media and value standards, better war and peace aims, better human rights declarations. – JZ, 13.11.08. – TOO MUCH COMPETITION OR TOO LITTLE OR BOTH?

COMPETITION: There is a need for free competition, first of all between individuals, later internationally. Freedom to invent, work, exchange, sell and buy. Freedom to price one's products. And simply no intervention by the State outside of its special sphere. In other words: 'Laissez Faire, Laissez Passer'." – P. E. De Puydt, Panarchy, p.3. –

COMPETITION: There is need for competition, brother." - Positive statement of a negative version of R. A. Wilson, in Schroedinger's Cat: The Trick Top Hat (Schroedinger's Cat No.II), p.127.

COMPETITION: There is nothing in the world that could not be improved considerably - if it were exposed to fully free competition. - JZ, 30.3.94.

COMPETITION: There is nothing wrong with competition that competition cannot cure. The faults of competition are in the impediments that are put in its way by force - the restraints, taxes, and regulations that handicap some competitors and give others a monopoly or quasi-monopoly position. Competition serves society best when it is free." - Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.63.

COMPETITION: They take office to enjoy its honors and emoluments, not to get their living by the sweat of their brows. They are too well satisfied with their own conditions, to trouble their heads with plans for improving the accustomed modes of doing the business of their departments - too wise in their own estimation, or too jealous of their assumed superiority, to adopt the suggestions of others - too cowardly to innovate - and too selfish to part with any of their powers to reform the abuses on which they thrive. (*) The consequence is, as we now see, that when a cumbrous, clumsy, expensive and dilatory government system is once established, it is nearly impossible to modify or materially improve it. Opening the business to rivalry and free competition, is the only way to get rid of the nuisance." – Lysander Spooner, Works, I/24, on the Post Office. – The same applies, naturally, to the greatest monopoly of all, the territorial monopoly of governments. – JZ, 19.11.08. - And this requires that individuals become free to secede, and to associate exterritorially and autonomously and that all minorities are free to likewise secede and thus to realize full minority autonomy for themselves, also exterritorially. - JZ, 18.7.84. - A counterpart would be the right of a majority to "throw out" of their combination any minority that does not suit them. But it could not rightly throw them out territorially, i.e., deport them, but only exterritorially, comparable to the excommunication from a church. Then these minorities would almost have to establish their own panarchies, which otherwise they might not have done for decades. - JZ, 16.6.94. – (*) The contrary also happens. They are so deluded of their power to reform things, along the same utopian, interventionist, coercive lines, that they snow their subjects under - with an avalanche of tens of thousands of “reform” laws, which, basically, change the situation only in one respect: they tie down their subjects still more, make them still more unproductive and irresponsible and helpless. - JZ, 18.7.84  - TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLIES, SECESSIONISM

COMPETITION: Those who fear competition are those who are non-competitively priced." - Simon Jester.

COMPETITION: Too much competition? That is like asking if there is too much efficiency and not enough waste. Too little competition? Only when government licenses, franchises, and other regulations prevent people from entering a given field. How much competition should there be? Let all people be free to compete in a market economy, and economy that offers a fair field, with no privileges or favors available from the government." - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 4/76. –

COMPETITION: True competition maintains competitive prices, prevents monopoly and encourages producers to strive to excel with benefits to all at the expense of none." - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76. - The most successful competitors do their business at the expense of the less efficient competitors, whose business is reduced, as it should be, because they do waste too many scarce resources. Competition drives the less efficient or loss causing competitors into other spheres of productive or service activities, where they can be more effective in serving the consumers. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Ulrich von Beckerath pointed out repeatedly, that "competition" is all too often viewed merely from the point of view of a slave on the slave block, being auctioned off to the highest bidder, one likely to work him hardest and without mercy. Perhaps some degree of racial memory is involved. Most of us are probably descendants of slaves rather than of slave masters. Need one stress that such a master and slave relationship is not one of free market competition? - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Under free competition any rightful service or product can be freely offered for sale or exchange or asked for, with effective demand: some kind of acceptable money or other value. It does not include the production or sale of ABC mass murder devices or other criminal activities with involuntary victims. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Under free competition each has only to work harder and better himself (to earn his income by serving others) while thousands of millions work harder and better for his benefit. - JZ, 18.7.84.

COMPETITION: Under free competition those win most who serve the public best. Those who serve it least are penalised by having to suffer losses. And those who render only a moderate services to the public will have to be content with moderate returns for their efforts. - JZ, 17.7.84.

COMPETITION: Unfair Competition, n. Successful competition." - L.A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon, p.125.

COMPETITION: Unfair competition: Any competition with a perceived chance of cutting into my market share." - Kelvin Throop's Lexicon of Popular Parlance, quoted in ANALOG, Mid Dec.91, p.69. –  – Alas, I have never as yet come across this book. It might contain many entries for my intended Encyclopaedia of the best refutations of popular errors, myths and prejudices. – JZ, 10.11.10.

COMPETITION: Unfair competition: Selling cheaper than we do." - Kelvin Throop III, ANALOG, 2/83, p.105. – Another version: Unfair competition': Selling cheaper than someone else." - I.E.A.

COMPETITION: We believe in competition for ourselves ... We have never sought ... a sheltered position ... If somebody else can serve the public better in quality or price, he is entitled to the business." - John Howard Pew, in review by Mark B. Spangler, of Mary Sennholz: FAITH & FREEDOM, on John Howard Pew, in THE FREEMAN, 3/76, p. 191.

COMPETITION: We do not favor corruption to eliminate competition but competition to eliminate corruption. - JZ – COMPETITION VS. CORRUPTION

COMPETITION: We trust a man with making constitutions on less proof of competence than we should demand before we gave him our shoe to patch." - J. R. Lowell, On a Certain Condescension in Foreigners. (Initially, I wanted to list this under 'competence' and the card slipped accidentally into 'competition' cards. But it does fit for 'competition', too. - JZ) – All territorial constitutions are proof of incompetence in the constitutions makers. – JZ, 10.11.10. - COMPETENCE

COMPETITION: When cost cutting is monopolised then it is not surprising when costs go up. - JZ, 1.7.76.

COMPETITION: when liberty prevails so does competition, a constructive force that assures that the efficient servants rise to serve all of us better." - Leonard E. Read, THE FREEMAN, 3/75.

COMPETITION: when men are free to compete, prices and wages are regulated by it." - Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 4/76.

COMPETITION: When men are free to trade with reason and reality as their only arbiters, when no man may use physical force or a majority vote to extort the consent of another, the best product and the best judgement win in every field of human endeavour." - THE AUSTRALIAN GP, Sept. 74.

COMPETITION: When there is competition, there are always those out front, setting the pace, leading the way. The effect of this leadership? Others have the desire to be in the first place and, thus, are inspired to grow." - Read, ABC of Freedom.

COMPETITION: When we are competing we are cooperating, each to satisfy free and choosy customers as best as he can. - JZ, 30.12.93.

COMPETITION: When we look at the astonishing material achievements of the West ... we see these things as the result, not of compulsion or government action or the superior wisdom of a few, but of that system of competition and free enterprise, rewarding success and penalizing failure, which enables every individual to participate by his private decisions in shaping the future of his society.” - Enoch Powell. – As if competition and free enterprise were already complete enough in the West. – If freedom is so good why be satisfied with mere fractions of it? – JZ, 26.12.07. - FREE ENTERPRISE, THE WEST

COMPETITION: Whenever competition prevails there is at once an approximation of price to cost." - William Bailie, Josiah Warren, p.106.

COMPETITION: Where effective competition can be created, it is a better way of guiding individual efforts than any other." - F. A. Hayek, The Road to Serfdom. - For money he saw and expressed only rather late some of the potentials for free competition and even imagined he invented it, for governments he never saw it. In other words, even great and original scholars of liberty options do not know or appreciate all of them. - JZ, 15.6.94.

COMPETITION: Wherever competition is legal, commercial organizations do a better job more cheaply." – Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.53.

COMPETITION: While most American will concede that competition is sound in principle - when applied to others - not many will actually seek it for themselves. Unless one enjoys a contest for fitness' sake, competition is avoided.” - Leonard E. Read, The Coming Aristocracy, 38. - Almost all seek it among their suppliers, employers, shopkeepers they buy their consumer goods from - etc. - JZ, 16.6.94.

COMPETITION: Why do people nowadays favour competition largely only in sports or in games? Why do they compare economic and political competition only to gladiator sports? Gladiator sports have ceased and their equivalent cannot be found in trade. In sports victories no longer lead to execution of the losers but merely to less applause, point scores, shouts, medals, trophies, interviews and write-ups and sponsorships for them and everyone has the chance to try again. Likewise, in trade and production. The losers earn less or suffer losses and at worst go bankrupt and have to make a living some other way. Why do people continue to believe in fair play, free enterprise and laissez faire only in this sphere and e.g. in arts, crafts, fashions, cuisine etc? There must be a reason for it. Why keep it a secret for yourself? Why not tell me? - JZ, 17.7.84, 30.1.13.

COMPETITION: With full competition // And freedom of trade, // Each dollar, as spent, // Votes what shall be made. // A thousand commissions, // Working daytime and night, // Could not guide production // So nearly aright." - Willford I. King.

COMPETITION: Without competition we could sleep better but would live worse." - Anon.

COMPETITION: Without liberty and without competition, nothing can approach perfection." - Charles Moran, Money, 155/156. - Least of all a territorial State. - JZ, 11.7.91. – Unless one means by “perfection” the utmost in the repression of individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 18.11.08.

COMPETITION: Without monetary freedom competition is not free. It becomes then largely a difficult struggle for the monopolised medium of exchange of monetary despotism, and becomes largely confined to using only the more or less fictitious, depreciating and manipulating "standard" of value that it prescribes. The resulting crises and poverty and lack of opportunities are what gave the supposedly free competition a bad name. Under monetary freedom the antagonism to competition in the economic sphere will largely disappear. Freely competitive societies and communities and governments will only come into existence through voluntary State membership and complete autonomy on an exterritorial basis, introduced through individual secessionism and associationism under "personal laws". - JZ, 15.6.94.

COMPLACENCY: Complacency is the enemy of study. We cannot really learn anything until we rid ourselves of complacency." - Mao Tse Tung, Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung, 1966, 33. - He remained in power, all too complacently! - JZ, 11.7.94. – Quite unwilling to learn anything from history or from free market economics. – JZ,19.11.08.

COMPLACENCY: Freedom is like health, it is taken for granted while one has it. One becomes aware of it when it has gone." - Henry C. Wallich, The Cost of Freedom. – Would we be so complacent if our liberties and rights were already completely realized? Or would we then become their very jealous owner and practitioner? - A complete list and explanation of lost liberties might become very attractive. – So could a complete list of all individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 26.12.07. – COMPLACENCY ABOUT LIBERTY & RIGHTS

COMPLACENCY: Most human beings have an almost infinite capacity for taking things for granted." - Aldous Huxley, Variations on a Philosopher, Themes and Variations, 1950. – Just five instances: Territorialism, collective responsibility, the employer-employee relationship, war and monetary despotism. – JZ, 19.11.08. – DISINTEREST, APATHY, UNWILLINGNESS TO LEARN

COMPLEMENTARY CURRENCY RESOURCE CENTER, Complementary Currency Resource Center - Non-Profit Organisation – I like it. It offers numerous texts on monetary experiments and proposals. – But so much more such information has still to be compiled and published – and all of it should also be sufficiently criticized. – JZ, 11.10.12.

COMPLETE MAN: The man who in view of gain thinks of righteousness, who in the view of danger is prepared to give up his life, and who does not forget an old agreement, however far back it extends - such a man may be reckoned a complete man." – Confucius, The Wisdom of Confucius, Analects, bk. xiv, c. xiii, v.2. - MAN, HUMAN NATURE, CHARACTER, INTEGRITY

COMPLETION: He told you that completion equals death!' The Preacher shouted. 'Absolute prediction is completion, is death!'" - Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, ANALOG , 3/76. - According to this notion, a God would have killed himself through his very perfection, his omnipotence, his omniscience, his omnipresence. - He would not longer be a "living" God. Stagnation and boredom might have finished him off. - JZ, 3.10.02. – “GOD IS DEAD!”, PERFECTION, IMPERFECTION, PLANNING

COMPLEXITY: Bastiat realized that the very complexity of the new order demanded a flexibility that the dead hand of government planning could not tolerate, a flexibility which only individual freedom in transactions could supply." – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.15.

COMPLEXITY: Choose the most brilliant person of your acquaintance and ask yourself how competent is he to run your life, that is, to decide where you shall work, how many hours, at what wage, what and with whom you shall exchange, or what thoughts you may entertain. 'Utter nonsense!' is your answer, whoever you are. Now increase the complexity by multiplying you by a dozen, or a million or 2000 million. Obviously, the more complex the society, the greater is our need to be free - the less can we tolerate government control." - L. E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.70. – CONTROLS, GOVERNMENT, CENTRALIZATION, COMMAND ECONOMY, PLANNING

COMPLEXITY: Everything is simpler than you think and at the same time more complex than you imagine.” - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. – The key to dissolving a seemingly complex problem lies very often in a not yet sufficiently known or appreciated basic individual right or liberty. Only when all individual rights and liberties, economic, political and social, are fully recognized and realized will the complexities of territorial politics become dissolved in a free market for political, economic and social systems, in which free enterprise competition and consumer sovereignty prevail, orderly and peacefully, very simply, just like they now operate for e.g. the provision of belts, socks and shoe laces. – The free market has to be completed, introduced in all spheres, except in those communities of volunteers who want to practise their prejudices against market relationships among themselves, at their own risk and expense. – JZ, 11.1.08.- Compare: electronic “argument mapping” as developed and described by Paul Monk at al online. – JZ, 10.11.10. - & SIMPLICITY

COMPLEXITY: I will not doubt be accused of over-simplification, but here again I would like to point out that it must be easier to allow people to do what they want, than it is to decide for them and then order them to do what you think they should. In order to change legislation from the second of these two positions to the first is and must be a much simpler act than one in the reverse direction ..." - Anthony Fisher, The Case for Freedom, p.85. - Compare the popular reminder: "That is YOUR problem!" - Let people be free to solve their own problems, alone or in voluntary associations. No one and no association can solve all problems for all people in the world. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPLEXITY: The increasing complexity and differentiation in the ways people exchange goods and services indicate a need for greater decentralisation; not for further centralisation of power." - Charles R. LaDow, THE FREEMAN, 9/74.

COMPLEXITY: The march of science and technology does not imply growing intellectual complexity in the lives of most people. It often means the opposite.” - Thomas Sowell

COMPLEXITY: The problem of our society is not its complexity, but its authoritarian nature." - Holterman, Law in Anarchism, p.58. - Let individuals and their voluntary teams try to deal with all the complexities that interest them, as well as they can, independent from any centralised and territorial controls by people they have not authorised for themselves. - JZ, 10.2.02.

COMPLEXITY: While government successfully perpetrates the myth that, as society becomes larger and more complex, problems are too difficult for individuals to solve, the truth is quite the opposite. In reality, the more complex problems become, the better they can be solved by individuals. That is because an individual has his own well-being at stake." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.111.

COMPLEXITY: You say that society today is too complex, that we must sanction all these laws and all this government. You contradict yourself. If it is too complex to be run by all men, then by the same logic it would certainly be even more unlikely that a few men could do better." - A. R. Pruit, in pamphlet: A Rift Between Friends, p.13.

COMPLIANCE: And so, to some degree - as wives, or students, or children, or employees or subjects of government - we are diminished. We have all been housebroken, or trained or oriented to act out rigid, constricting roles. We do it because we believe society will come apart if we don't. WE ARE CORRUPTED BY COMPLIANCE. (*) We believe that an unmanaged man is a menace." – Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.48. - (*) Stressed by me. - JZ

COMPLICATIONS: Their worst complications are government created: complicated tax laws, labour laws, property and development laws. Governments create the complications which baffle us and then claim the resulting confusion as the reason we need still more paternalist government." - Rhodes Boyson, Paternalism..., in: Champions of Freedom, vol. 4, p. 15. - How "simple" governments make everything is indicated by their tax codes. - JZ 11.7.94. - The simple solution of voluntary taxation and voluntary subjects, under personal laws only, is not appreciated at all by territorial governments. Most of them would lose much in revenue, membership and authority under this condition. On the other hand, many other governmental and societal as well as utopian aspirations would get their chances. - J. Z., 3.10.02. – However, at least flat rate taxation is somewhat spreading now. – JZ, 30.1.13. - PANARCHISM.

COMPLICATIONS: We were the first to assert that the more complicated the forms of civilisation, the more restricted the freedom of the individual must become." - Benito Mussolini. - The greater the complications, the freer must individuals and voluntary associations become to deal with them. - JZ, 3.4.89. –  FREE ECONOMY VS. PLANNED, CENTRALIZED & COMMAND ECONOMY, DECENTRALIZATION

COMPROMISE: A mixture of good and poison is still poison." - Viv Forbes, COMMON SENSE, Aug. 81. – A mixture of something good and of poison is still poisonous? - JZ

COMPROMISE: A spirit of quietism, caution, compromise, collusion, and chicanery." - Thorstein Veblen. Veblen's description of the conduct of universities by their presidents and trustees, as business enterprises. - Seldes.

COMPROMISE: Assume two lovers, in their spare time, want to decide whether they go today and tomorrow either to a cinema or a theatre. Various compromise solutions are possible. They might agree that today the one and tomorrow the other might decide for both. Or that today both go to the cinema and tomorrow both go to the theatre. They might also decide to go to neither, today and tomorrow. Or to go on both days first to the cinema and then to the theatre. Only the individualistic and non-compromising solution could achieves maximum satisfaction - out of such entertainments - apart from the pleasures they derive from being in each other's company: Each chooses and goes separately, for these short periods, either to the theatre or to the cinema, today and tomorrow. As genuine lovers they should be able to concede to each other that much freedom for different choices for themselves. Then they would also have more different experiences to talk about between them. Governmental compromise solutions are all operating under the wrongful premise that: "one shoe fits all!" or that it ought to fit all. - JZ, 2.10.02. – As genuine lovers they should also be separable, by consent, for short to long periods. Each should respect the individual sovereignty of the other. There is nothing holy about a compromise whenever it can be avoided altogether, without wronging anyone. The basic wrongfulness of territorialism leads wrongly and unnecessarily to many unsatisfactory compromises rather than to the satisfactions of all the diverse sovereign individuals living making up the population of a territory. As sovereign consumers for all kinds of services and goods, competitively supplied, they can all become satisfied. As territorial subjects of a monopolistic supplier all of them can not be satisfied. – JZ, 31.1.13. – TERRITORIALISM, UNITY, UNIFORMITY & EQUALITY SPLEENS VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

COMPROMISE: Basely yielded upon compromise that which his noble ancestors achieved with blows." - Shakespeare, Richard II, Act ii, sc. 1, 1.253. - What if he yielded, upon compromise, some of his tyrannical powers, "nobly" obtained by blows? - JZ, 17.6.94. - The aristocracy and the clergy did this, quite officially and publicly, during the French Revolution, probably aware that they could no longer maintain their privileges anyhow. - JZ, 3.10.02.

COMPROMISE: Compromise is but the sacrifice of one right or good in the hope of retaining another - too often ending in the loss of both." - Tyron Edwards.

COMPROMISE: Compromise is never anything but an ignoble truce between the duty of a man and the terror of a coward." - Reginald Wright Kauffman, The Way of Peace.

COMPROMISE: Compromise is the negation of individual freedom of action and as such it is wrong whenever individual freedom of action would not infringe the equal liberty of others. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPROMISE: Compromise makes a good umbrella but a poor roof." - J. R. Lowell, Democracy, 1884, Address in Birmingham, England, Oct. 6 1884. – Even as an umbrella it is not good enough, especially when two or three try to share one umbrella. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPROMISE: Compromise weakens us, and we know there are problems compromise cannot solve, decisions we must make no matter how bitter.” - Frank Herbert, Chapterhouse Dune, p.449.

COMPROMISE: Compromise, like between a lie and a truth? - JZ, 4/77. - Since not all kinds of people, e.g. criminals with victims, are entitled to hear all the truths that would interest them, one is not obliged to reveal all to them. Towards dishonest people and in true self-defence, even lies are permissible, without compromising truthfulness towards honest and reliable people. - JZ, 17.6.94. – Is a private mugger or the official tribute collector rightly or only legally entitled to hear the truth about all your hidden incomes and assets? We are not morally obliged to supply all our truths to all people upon their demand, especially not when they are not morally entitled to hear it. – JZ, 30.1.13. - LIES, TRUTH, TAXATION, HONESTY

COMPROMISE: Compromises are bromides rather than solutions. They assume that each cannot have his own solution at his own expense and risk. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMPROMISE: Compromises cannot be more 'effective' than adherence to valid principles." - George A. Lear, Jr., POLIS, Fall 66. - That thought cannot help a C.O. or deserter very much, if caught and shot. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPROMISE: decent compromise". - Allen Drury, The Promise of Joy, p.63. - That very qualification presumes aalready the existence of indecent and wrongful compromises and of indifferent ones. - JZ, 14.6.92.

COMPROMISE: Don't compromise with evil - if you can help it! - JZ, 20.11.73. - Because you would not only harm yourself but help it. - JZ, 30.7.78.

COMPROMISE: Don't settle for anything but the best." - Management instruction, quoted by John Russell of Goulburn Training Centre. - Since I could not afford a Mercedes or Rolls Royce, I should rather have tried to do without any car that I could afford, during the last 30 years? Almost each purchase and each sale amounts to a compromise between the trading partners and for each seller between his own wished-for price and the price he is still willing to sell for and for each buyer between his wished-for price and the price he is still willing to buy at. - No idea or principle should be granted absolute power by us over our thoughts and actions. If we would always try to act only upon perfect information, we would almost never be able to act. If we would try to drink only absolutely pure water, we might die of thirst.(*) - JZ, 17.6.94, 11.7.94. - Free market prices are compromises arrived at by the law of supply and demand. - JZ, 3.10.02. – (*) Or, rather, by washing out of our bodies all too many necessary and soluble minerals. – JZ, 10.11.10. -

COMPROMISE: Even if a territorial government is not purely evil, it almost always and for all too long, compromises with all too many evils. - JZ, 11.6.92, 30.1.13.

COMPROMISE: Even surrender in the face of nuclear extinction would be rightful and rational. - "Live to fight another day!" But such surrender should rest upon sufficiently wide-spread knowledge of rightful resistance and revolutionary and military insurrection actions, in collaboration with the dictatorship’s conscripts at home and in the occupation forces, so that the “victory” and occupation would not last long. With such knowledge being sufficiently combined and spread, the existing despotic regimes might not last very long, even before they engaged in another world conquest attempt or might not dare to attack. – But so far even anarchists and libertarians have not shown enough interest in such knowledge. - JZ, 19.11.08. – DESERTION, LIBERATION, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, TYRANNICIDE, REVOLUTION, WAR AIMS, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, DECLARATION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, APPEALS, SURRENDER, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, TYRANNICIDE

COMPROMISE: even the slightest compromise on liberty just leads to so much less of the good things in life!" - Tibor R. Machan, REASON, 7/77. – LIBERTY, RIGHTS, JUSTICE

COMPROMISE: Every compromise was surrender and invited new demands." - Emerson, Miscellanies, American Civilisation. - Every? Usually they are negotiated and log-rolling mutual concessions. Only when under a gun must one side surrender and publicly concede that a "compromise" has been “achieved”. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPROMISE: Freedom compromised is freedom destroyed." – THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 11.8.75, editorial.

COMPROMISE: From the beginning of our history the country has been afflicted with compromise. It is by compromise that human rights have been abandoned." - Charles Sumner, quoted in Seldes, The Great Quotations, & by L. E. Read, How Do We Know? p.82. - GRADUALISM, APPEASEMENT, COMPLIANCE, OBEDIENCE, RESISTANCE, REVOLUTION, INDIVIDUAL SECESSION, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

COMPROMISE: God and our charter's right, Freedom for ever! Truce with oppression, - Never, oh, never!" - J. G. Whittier, Song of the Free.

COMPROMISE: Having no conscious principle to defend, we are always ready to seek a compromise; as if a compromise were possible between a party that believes in compromise and a party that believes in no compromise." - Salvador de Madariaga, The Blowing Up of the Parthenon, in The Anatomy of the Cold War, p.33.

COMPROMISE: Highway robbery,' the wise men said, 'is neither good nor bad in itself; that depends on circumstances. All that needs to be done is to keep things EVENLY BALANCED and to pay us government officials well for this labor of balancing. Perhaps pillage has been allowed too much latitude; perhaps it has not been allowed enough. Let us see, let us examine, let us balance the account of each worker. To those who no not earn enough, we shall give a little more of the road to exploit. For those who earn too much, we shall reduce the hours, days, or months during which they will be allowed to pillage.' - Those who spoke in this way acquired for themselves a great reputation for moderation, prudence, and wisdom. They never failed to rise to the highest offices in the state. - As for those who said: 'Let us eliminate every injustice, for there is no such thing as a partial injustice; let us tolerate no ROBBERY, for there is no such thing as a HALF-ROBBERY or a QUARTER-ROBBERY', they were regarded as idle visionaries, tiresome dreamers who kept repeating the same thing over and over again. Besides, the people found their arguments too easy to understand. How can one believe that what is so simple can be true?" - Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.248. - MIDDLE OF THE ROADERS, MODERATION

COMPROMISE: How far from golden would be the "happy medium" between extreme honesty and extreme dishonesty?” - Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p.11. - GOLDEN MEANS

COMPROMISE: I am aware that many object to the severity of my language; but is there not cause for severity? I will be as harsh as Truth, and as uncompromising as Justice." - Garrison, quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.154.

COMPROMISE: If you believe in conscription and I believe in volunteers, do we compromise by retaining conscription and turning a blind eye to deserters?" - Viv Forbes, COMMON SENSE, Aug. 81. - No, but we could be tolerant toward exterritorially autonomous communities that would conscript some of their own members for military services, as long as they do not commit aggressions against outsiders, as we should be tolerant towards those communities with volunteer forces only. Especially, since this very form of organization would largely and soon tend to destroy most motives, means and targets for warlike actions. - JZ,17.6.94. – WAR, DESERTION, CONSCRIPTION, MILITIA, WAR & PEACE AIMS

COMPROMISE: If you believe in freedom for the individual, you must be opposed to any encroachment of government on the rights of individuals. If you believe that everyone is entitled to the opportunity for an education, you cannot believe in government control of that education. If you believe in a free market you cannot justify government price controls. If these are your principles, they admit no compromise, for you cannot mix right with wrong any more than you can mix contaminated water with pure water without having the whole water contaminated - and it makes no difference how little contaminated water there may be in the mixture." - John Howard Pew, THE FREEMAN, 3/76. - So a sailor on the high seas, spitting overboard, pollutes all the oceans in the world? - You fart and the people on the other side of the world should complain? – There are pollutants in the clearest spring water at the source, some healthy and some harmful ones. And from there on there are bird- fish-, worm- and insect droppings in the purest water. Absolutely pure water does not even exist! - JZ, 17.6.94, 19.11.08.

COMPROMISE: If you try to please all then you please none." - Source? – “None” is an unnecessary exaggeration. Why not simply say: Many? Even the worst system, method, law and institution has at least some voluntary supporters and victims. If they practise them only among themselves, i.e. at their own risk and expense, who has then the right to complain? Who else but these people would be wronged then – and they volunteered for it – so at least subjectively, if not also objectively, no wrong was done to them, although dissenting outsiders might argue that these people did waste their lives unnecessarily and without a good reason. The subjectivity theory applies also to the own values – in the own affairs. It is then merely their own lives, which they waste and they are entitled to make that choice. For them it is a rightful action and outsiders should recognize their right to do this to themselves. (At most they should offer them good advice.) Panarchism demands also e.g. all forms of statism for all kinds of statists, just as it demands all forms of freedom for all kinds of freedom advocates. To each the own things – regardless of how much outsiders disagree with them – as long as they do not offend against or threaten the rights and liberties of outsiders. Only a territorial monopoly should be denied to any association, community or governance system of volunteers. – JZ, 21.7.13.

COMPROMISE: If, to please the people, we offer what we ourselves disapprove, how can we afterward defend our work? Let us raise a standard to which the wise and the honest can repair; ..." - George Washington. - Let volunteers act among themselves according to their beliefs, customs and principles. - JZ 31.7.92. – And let them do this in every sphere, even those presently pre-empted by territorial governments. - JZ, 17.6.94, 31.1.13. - In his dealings G. W. did not always act according to this principle. E.g., he wanted to be paid in gold by his tenants, while he paid his debts in depreciated paper money at face value and he saw to it that his troops were dispersed in the wilderness when discharged and then so wrongfully "paid", so that they would not mutiny upon such unjust treatment. For some details see Pelatiah Webster's main book, which I micro-fiched. – P. W. is largely regarded as the first American economist. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMPROMISE: In any compromise between food and poison, it is only death that can win. In any compromise between good and evil, it is only evil that can profit. (*) In that transfusion of blood which drains the good to feed the evil, the compromiser is the transmitting rubber tube." - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p. 979. - (*) The quote, up to this point, can also be found in: Capitalism the Unknown Ideal, Signet, N.Y., 1967, p. 145.

COMPROMISE: Indiscriminate mashing up of right and wrong into a patent treacle." - Carlyle, Latter-Day Pamphlets, No. 2. – Every medicine is a compromise and as such not suitable for all individuals, for all individuals are different. – JZ., 30.1.13. - RIGHT, WRONG, MORALITY, PRINCIPLES, MIXED ECONOMY, WELFARE STATE, DEMOCRACY, VOTING, MAJORITY

COMPROMISE: It always looks so easy to solve problems by taking the line of least resistance. Again and again in my life I have seen this course lead to the most unexpected result, and what looks like being the easy road turns out to be the hardest and most cruel." - Sir Winston Churchill. - Like his attack, in W.W. I, "on the soft underbelly of Europe", or his “policy” of unrestricted and indiscriminate air raids against German civilians, in WW II. - JZ, 17.6.94. – How many English soldiers and civilians lost their lives as a result of his decisions, quite unnecessarily? By how much did he prolong the war and delay the victory of the Allies? I highly recommend: Rethinking Churchill, a Daily Article by Ralph Raico - Posted on 15.11. 2008 – JZ, 18.11.08.

COMPROMISE: It is good to compromise with persons; 'there is so much good in the worst of us and so much bad in the best of us...' etc. But I think it is wholly wrong to compromise with ideas." - Rose Wilder Lane, A Revolt in a Teaspoon, PINE TREE, Spring 1970, p. 27. - At least one should try to think all of them through to their logical conclusions and all their linkages. - Full freedom of action, on the basis of voluntary and exterritorial autonomy, would reduce the need for compromises, in practice, to a minimum, even in spheres now pre-empted by territorial governments. - JZ, 17.6.94. – PANARCHISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, ASSOCIATION & MIGRATION, PROPERTY RIGHTS

COMPROMISE: It is obvious that compromise is incompatible with morality. In the field of morality, compromise is surrender to evil." - Mrs. Young on Ayn Rand, p. 53. - So should we be authorised to shoot a child stealing an apple or a hungry adult, who steals a potato? - JZ, 17.6.94, 30.1.13. –

COMPROMISE: It's wrong to compromise when you are right. - JZ, 20.5.78. - But you have to grant others the freedom to act upon their errors among themselves, at their own risk and expense. - JZ, 17.6.94. The more you concede to others the right to do their own things for or to themselves, the less you will be forced to submit to their wrongs, at least in that kind of general society which recognizes this freedom in diversity, based upon individual choices. – JZ, 19.11.08, 30.1.13. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, FREEDOM OF ACTION, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM

COMPROMISE: Like a frog trying to jump over a fire - in 2 jumps." - JZ, 12.5.78. –

COMPROMISE: Men must be prepared to fight for their freedom without compromise and without capitulation." - T. H. Gaster, Passover, p.94.

COMPROMISE: Moral principles are beyond compromise. "The next time your are tempted to ask: 'Doesn't life require compromise?' translate the question into its actual meaning: 'Doesn't life require the surrender of that which is true and good to that which is false and evil?'" - Ayn Rand, The Virtue of Selfishness, p.70.

COMPROMISE: Natural Law, like all basic principles, allows no room for compromise. Ayn Rand illuminates the moral impossibility of compromising on basic principles when she asks, 'What would you regard as a "compromise" between life and death? Or between truth and falsehood? Or between reason and irrationality?' - Natural Law is a no-compromise principle." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.31. – NATURAL LAW, LIES, TRUTH, LIFE, DEATH, REASON, IRRATIONALITY

COMPROMISE: Never compromise your principles." - Prof. Galambos.

COMPROMISE: Never forget that only dead fish swim with the stream." - Malcolm Muggeridge, quoting a remark made to him.

COMPROMISE: No compromise with murder, oppression and taxation. - JZ, 14.3.93. - I do not class tyrannicide as murder or assassination but as a rightful and dutiful execution. - JZ, 3.10.02.

COMPROMISE: No possible rearrangement of bad eggs can ever make a good omelet.” - Chinese Proverb. - BAD APPLES, CRIME, BADNESS, INFERIORITY, QUALITY, INGREDIENTS

COMPROMISE: Panarchism makes most compromises in public affairs unnecessary. It allows each to become happy or unhappy in his own fashion." - JZ, 19.11.92. - Each gets what he wants for himself - at his own expense and risk. No one gets what he wants for himself and all others in a territory, largely at their expense and risk. - JZ, 2.10.02. – PANARCHISM

COMPROMISE: Panarchism with its exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities, is a compromise that helps to avoid compromises, by providing a framework for free and self-responsible actions in all spheres, i.e. a compromise to avoid compromises. - JZ, 17.6.94. - It is fully in accordance with the ancient Roman principle of justice: “To each his own!” - JZ, 3.10.02. - PANARCHISM

COMPROMISE: Policy and compromises go hand in hand." - What kind of compromise would have been possible between a Nazi murderer and his Jewish victim? (*) The surviving few Jews in Warsaw, Treblinka, Sobibor and Bialystok did finally revolt, uncompromisingly. Up to then some of them compromised with mass murderers - just to survive themselves for another day. - What kind of compromise should there be between criminals and policemen? A bribe? - Rightful compromises are only possible and sometimes desirable between reasonable beings and even there they are often necessary only under territorialism and would become largely unnecessary as soon as tolerance becomes extended into the sphere of economic, social and political actions, organizations and systems, all practised only by volunteers and at their own expense and risk. - JZ - However, I made it a "principle" to rather concede on relatively trivial points than to make them the point of prolonged and time and energy wasting arguments, at least when I am with people whom I do otherwise greatly value. -  Minor points of view differences or slightly different behaviours are often not worth arguing about, seeking a compromise. Rather let them have it their way. That stand or attitude is also a compromise. - JZ, 3.10.02. - (*) If the “free” countries had not upheld immigration barriers against refugees, then the Nazis might have let all or most Jews escape to them. The governments of “free” countries were at least to some extent accessories to the mass murder of Jews and did nothing, systematically, to try to stop them! They rather bombed German civilians, who had no say on the Holocaust actions or on the war, than bomb the gas ovens and watch towers in the extermination camps and rail lines to them. Nor did they support the German opposition. They rather strengthened the Nazi regime by the demand for unconditional surrender and by plans like the Morgenthau Plan. – JZ, 19.11.08. -

COMPROMISE: She is not seriously disturbed by compromises which can be construed as MEANS to more ultimate objectivist ENDS. These 'compromises' are not TRUE compromises, because they are ultimately consistent with the overall objectivist point of view. Indeed, to fail to compromise in certain circumstances would be to indulge in masochistic behavior and therefore to violate the enlightened ethics of selfishness through pointless acts of self-denial or self-destruction." - O'Neill, Ayn Rand, p.181.

COMPROMISE: Such an adjustment of conflicting interests as giving each adversary the satisfaction of thinking he has got what he ought not to have, and is deprived of nothing except what was justly his due." - Ambrose Bierce, 1881 - 1911, The Devil's Dictionary.

COMPROMISE: The communist is not open to compromise, except where such 'compromise' advances his cause. - JZ

COMPROMISE: The English spirit of compromise tempts us to believe that injustice, when it is halved, becomes justice.” - Bernard Berenson, 1865-1959, Lore and Maurice Cowan, compilers, The Wit of the Jews, Leslie Frewin, London, 1970, p.64. – JOKES, JUSTICE, INJUSTICE

COMPROMISE: The Hunter And The Bear, The Story of a Perfect Compromise: The hunter sighted his quarry, and raised his rifle to fire. The bear, raising a paw, said, "Now just a minute friend; can't we talk this over like two rational, intelligent, progressive beings?" The hunter lowered his gun, and scratching his head replied, "What's to talk over?" "Well", said the bear, "for example, what do you want to shoot me for?" "That's very simple. I want a bear-skin coat". "And I," said the bear, "merely want a good breakfast. Let's sit down together, I'm sure we can reach a common point of view that will satisfy us both". So they sat down together to work out an agreement. After a time the bear got up all alone. They had reached a compromise. The bear had his breakfast; the hunter had on his fur coat. You know where the hunter was. He was eaten alive by his compromise position. You will be eaten alive also, if you sacrifice your principles for any reason. THE END DOES NOT JUSTIFY THE MEANS.” - Author Unknown – Another and shorter version: The Hunter took careful aim at a huge bear. About to pull the trigger, he heard the soothing, beguiling voice of his prey: 'Isn't it better to talk than to shoot? What do you want? Can't we negotiate? - Cradling his weapon, the hunter said, 'I want a fur coat.' - 'Good', said the bear. 'That's negotiable. All I want is a full stomach. Let's compromise.' - So the two sat down and negotiated. After a time, the bear walked away alone. He had his full stomach, and the hunter had his fur coat." - Joey Adams, READER’S DIGEST, 3/84. - COMPROMISE VS. PRINCIPLES, SACRIFICES, ENDS & MEANS, NEGOTIATIONS, JOKES

COMPROMISE: The man in the middle solves his conflict 'by ordering the thinker and the fool to meet each other half way.'"- Ayn Rand, For the New Intellectual, p.173. – MIDDLE GROUND

COMPROMISE: The middle road is often doubly dangerous." - Grabbe, Napoleon I, p.3.

COMPROMISE: The most dangerous thing in the world is to leap a chasm in two jumps." - David Lloyd George, quoted in ANALOG, 1/87. - "The worst political error is to try to get over a chasm in two jumps." - Lloyd George, in another version. – So he managed to correct the first version. – JZ

COMPROMISE: the trouble with compromise was that you put a right and a wrong together and you ended up with neither. – Remark by John Paul Vann, asreported by Halberstam, in Neil Sheehan, A Bright Shining Lie, John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam, Picador ed., 1990, by Pan Books Ltd., p.323. – Rather, you end up with too much wrong and too little right. – JZ, 12.10.12.

COMPROMISE: There are 3 basic rules about the relationship of principles to gaols (1): 1. In any CONFLICT between two men (or 2 groups) who hold the SAME basic principles, it is the more consistent one who wins. 2. In any COLLABORATION between two men (or 2 groups) who hold DIFFERENT basic principles, it is the more evil or irrational one who wins. 3. When opposite basic principles are clearly and openly defined, it works to the advantage of the rational side; when they are NOT clearly defined, but are hidden or evaded, it works to the advantage of the irrational side." – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, 41/42, referring under (1) to: Ayn Rand, Capitalism, The Unknown Ideal, Signet, N.Y., 1947, p. 145.

COMPROMISE: there are good and bad compromises." - Lenin, quoted in David Jenkins, Job Power, 143.

COMPROMISE: There can be no compromise between freedom and tyranny." - Source? – Panarchism offers any degree of authoritarianism to the statists and any degree of freedom to the freedom lovers. To that extent it is an uncompromising compromise, achieving a peaceful maximization of satisfaction to all who adopt it. – JZ, 19.11.08.

COMPROMISE: There can be no compromise on basic principles. There can be no compromise on moral issues. There can be no compromise on matters of knowledge, of truth, of rational conviction." - Mrs. Young, on Ayn Rand, p. 53.

COMPROMISE: There can be no meeting ground, no middle, no compromise between opposite principles. There can be no such thing as 'moderation' in the real of reason and of morality." - Ayn Rand, Newsletter, May 65. - One should make sure that one's interpretations do really represent opposites. She thought her interpretation of capitalism to be pure and uncompromising. However, some forms of voluntary socialism are even more capitalistic and realize capitalistic principles for everyone in an enterprise rather than merely for one entrepreneur and capitalist at the top of a hierarchical enterprise, that internally operates on the principles of central planning and the command economy. Nor does e.g., her stand on money represent an uncompromising stand for the principles of monetary freedom. She rather favoured an exclusive and forced gold standard and was not even aware of the honest gold accounting or gold clearing standard as an alternative. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPROMISE: There must be no compromise with slavery - none whatever. Nothing is gained, everything is lost, by subordinating principle to expediency." - William Lloyd Garrison, THE LIBERATOR. - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - While one should absolutely fight compulsory taxation (tax slavery) in principle and avoid taxes as far as possible, absolute and open tax refusal, under present conditions, will soon put you 6 feet under the ground. That you have not compromised your voluntarist principles will then be no consolation for you. - But by all means, let us prepare for a tax strike that has a chance to succeed. - JZ, 17.6.94. - It would have to include full monetary and financial freedom, ideal militias for the protection of individual rights and liberties, individual and group secessionism and full experimental freedom for all in form of panarchies or polyarchies. That it would also do away with the threat of nuclear war or conventional warfare, violent revolutions, civil wars and terrorism is certainly no drawback. – Alas, most minds are not yet prepared for such changes, although the technical means to achieve such enlightenment are now better than ever before. - JZ, 19.11.08. – EXPEDIENCY, MIDDLE OF THE ROAD, PRINCIPLES

COMPROMISE: They persist in offering an arm to a shark on the theory, that will make him go away satisfied." - Keith Laumer, There Is A Tide, in FAR FRONTIERS, Spring 86, p. 157.

COMPROMISE: To cheapen truth that everyone may buy, you must so thin the gold as to make it worthless." - P. J. Bailey.

COMPROMISE: To suppose that the way to defeat error is to adopt a little of it is one of the commonest mistakes in political affairs, and yet the parties of the Right go steadily along, stealing the programme of the Left, and flattering themselves that they are thus weakening the enemy." - Ernest Benn, Modern Government, p.187.

COMPROMISE: What is compromise in physical affairs - that is, in an adjustment of physical positions - is something entirely different when applied to principles and morality." - L. E. Read, Having My Way, p.56.

COMPROMISE: While compromise is certainly an important aspect of politics (*), it is surely not the beginning and the end, as Bentley seems to assume. If half the population wishes to exterminate all the Jews and the other half wishes them to be left alone, how (if they have no belief in right action, but merely in amoral compromise) are these ethical pluralists to decide whether to kill half the Jews or half kill all the Jews? That is, to say the least, an unsatisfactory theory of ethics and politics ..." - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.16. – (*) only of territorial politics! - JZ

COMPROMISE: While it is true that each compromises leads away from the pure principle or truth, but the question should rather be: How many human beings should we risk for the immediate realization of a truth? – JZ, 84. – If we adopt the “uncompromising compromise” of panarchism then pure truths and principles, to the extent that they can be realized, can immediately be realized at least among all their voluntary supporters. – JZ, 23.9.08. - PANARCHISM

COMPROMISE: While to the Nazi the communist, and to the communist the Nazi, and to both the socialist, are potential recruits who are made of the right timber, although they have listened to false prophets, they both know that there can be no compromise between them and those who really believe in individual freedom." - F. A. Hayek, The Road to Serfdom. - That is true if they had to remain within a single and common territorial community. However, exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities, under personal laws, would be a peace, freedom, justice and enlightenment promoting compromise. It could form the basis for their independent practice, continuance and coexistence, in each case only on a voluntary basis, i.e., respecting the right of individual members to secede. - JZ, 6.4.89.

COMPROMISE: Whoever offers Dane-geld will never get rid of the Dane." - Ancient proverb. - If only most people were to apply this to taxation and the public disservices financed by it. - JZ, 17.6.94. - TAXATION

COMPROMISE: You can't be just a little bit pregnant with liberty. - JZ, 3.11. 75. - However, most people manage to do just that, even those calling themselves anarchists and libertarians. - JZ, 21.4.94. - Everyone's choice of liberties for himself is the maximum liberty for that individual at his stage of development. - JZ 21.4.94. – For some this “pregnancy” lasts their whole life and never leads to the birth of a complete and healthy “baby”. – JZ, 19.11.08.

COMPULSION: compulsion, ... degrades all that it touches." - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p. 253.

COMPULSION: thinking and acting for others had always hindered, not helped, the real progress; that all forms of compulsion deadened the living forces in a nation; ..." – Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine.

COMPULSION: what she wanted was no organisational compulsion at all." - John Chamberlain, on Rose Wilder Lane, REASON, 8/79, p. 47. - Still, she did not clearly come out for panarchism or exterritorial autonomy for all volunteer communities. - JZ, 17.6.94. – And this in spite of the ancient personal law and voluntaristic tradition in Arab countries. Admitted, the “millet system” or the “dhimmies” were not perfect or quite consistent but they were large steps towards individualism, voluntarism and religious tolerance and community autonomy on an exterritorial basis. – JZ, 19.11.08. – ORGANIZATIONS, TERRITORIALISM.

COMPULSION: the coercive intrusion of the collective into the life and mind of the individual." - Ben Rogge, quoted in THE FREEMAN, Aug. 74, p. 502, on compulsory schooling, one of the many examples of territorialism. – JZ, 11.11.10.

COMPULSION: Among the important corollary principles of the science of freedom proposed by Andrews was the rule that 'Objects (Subjects? - JZ) bound together contrary to their nature, must and will seek to rectify themselves by breaking the bonds which confine them, while those which come together by their own affinities remain quiescent and content. The violent social upheavals experienced from time to time by mankind, on this view, are the consequences of the violation of this rule, just as social peace and order is the fruit of its faithful observance. In order to develop a widespread condition of peace among men it is necessary that the principle of universal self-election be made applicable to the day-to-day affairs of life instead of being reserved solely for election day as it is in American democracy. If you would have freedom, Andrews urged, 'make the pulpit, the school-room, the workshop, the manufactory, the shipyard, and the storehouse the universal ballot-boxes of the people. Make every day an election day, and every day and hour its full and unlimited franchise." - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.85. – Every individual to be free to vote decisively, i.e. to enjoy individual choice, on his connection to others, societies, communities, systems, ideologies, just like in religion, under full religious liberty or tolerance. – JZ, 11.11.10. - VOTING, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, VOTING, PEACE

COMPULSION: An end to compulsory disservices to individuals and minorities. - JZ,.n.d. & 19.11.08. – TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, TAXATION

COMPULSION: And Oakesshott attacks those who seek 'to turn a private dream into a public and compulsory manner of living.'" - Source? - Somebody called them the "utopians with the guillotine".

COMPULSION: As Capt. B. H. Liddell Hart has put it (Why Don't We Learn from History? 1944): 'We learn from history that the compulsory principle always breaks down in practice. The principle of restraint or regulation is essentially justifiable insofar as its application is needed to check interference with other's freedom. But it is not, in reality, possible to make men do something without risking more than is gained from the compelled effort. The method may appear practicable, because it often works when applied to those who are merely hesitant. When applied to those who are definitely unwilling, it fails, however, because it generates friction and fosters subtle forms of evasion that spoil the effect which is sought...." - Yale Jay Lubkin, in OPTION, June 77. - Compare: EFFICIENCY, CONSCRIPTION, VOLUNTARISM

COMPULSION: Authority intoxicates, And makes sots of magistrates; The fumes of it invade the brain, And make men giddy, proud and vain." - Samuel Butler, English poet and satirist. – RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, LEGISLATORS, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, INTERVENTIONISM, POWER CORRUPTS

COMPULSION: Benefits don't have to be compulsory. Only disservices have to be. - JZ, 20.6.76. - Otherwise, they cannot be continued. - JZ, 11.7.94.

COMPULSION: Compulsion can never put things right. It must be abolished." - Proudhon. - Generally true. However, protection of individual rights by rightful individual self-defence or by an ideal militia is still right and advisable. Defensive compulsion is not the same as aggressive compulsion. - JZ, 19.6.92, 19.11.08. - MILITIA

COMPULSION: Compulsion destroys initiative and saps independence. Conversely - liberty creates initiative and fosters independence." - Josiah C. Wedgwood.

COMPULSION: Compulsion does not unite, compulsion separates men; for it lacks the inner drive of all social unions - the understanding which recognises the facts and the sympathy which comprehends the feeling of the fellow man because it feels itself related to him. By subjecting men to a common compulsion one does not bring them closer to one another, rather one creates estrangement between them and breeds impulses of selfishness and separation. (*) Social ties have permanence and completely fulfil their purpose only when they are based on good will and spring from the needs of men. Only under such conditions is a relationship possible where social union and the freedom of the individual are so closely inter-grown that they can no longer be recognised as separate entities." - Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.246. - (*) One should not ignore, though, the phenomenon of comradeship even of conscripts, who have been under fire together, nor the artificially stimulated allegiances to a flag or a military unit or to vague concepts of a nation and fatherland, although neither are voluntary associations and do not, e.g., permit individual secessions. I do admit that voluntary loyalties are more reliable in the long run - when given to rightful associations. However, in the sphere of political, economic and social systems they are presently still rather rare and even mostly outlawed and unconstitutional and they have as yet gained little ground in public opinion. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPULSION: Compulsion is a negative triumph of liberty." - Kudszus. – It is hardly a triumph of liberty but, indirectly, a recognition of its attractive force. – JZ, 19.11.08.

COMPULSION: Compulsion is almost always the way to go wrong - and down. - JZ, 5.6.92, 17.6.94, 19.11.08.

COMPULSION: Compulsion is powerless compared with voluntary efforts and voluntary cooperation. With terror methods one can achieve some action but rarely some positive action or more than could be achieved by voluntary cooperation. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPULSION: Compulsion kills something that may be very worthwhile in itself - as easily as rape kills love. - JZ, 26.5.74.

COMPULSION: Compulsion only mismanages! - JZ, 10/73. - COERCION, FORCE, VIOLENCE, MIGHT, POWER

COMPULSION: Compulsory charity embitters the giver, and is more likely to be abused by the receiver." - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 10/75. – CHARITY, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, KCOERCION, FORCE, TERRORISM

COMPULSION: Do you not see, first, that - as a mental abstract - physical force is directly opposed to morality; and, secondly, that it practically drives out of existence the moral forces? How can an act done under compulsion have any moral element in it, seeing that what is moral is the free act of an intelligent being? If you die at a man's hands, there is nothing moral about his not committing murder. Such an abstaining from murder is a mechanical act; and just the same in kind, though less in degree, are all the acts which men are compelled to do under penalties imposed upon them by their fellow-men. Those who would drive their fellow-men into the performance of any good actions do not see that the very elements of morality - the free act following on the free choice - are as much absent in those upon whom they practice their legislation as in a flock of sheep penned in by hurdles." - Auberon Herbert, in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p. 408/9. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, LEGISLATION, CONTROLS, REGULATIONS, BUREAUCRACY, GOVERNMENTS, NATIONALISM

COMPULSION: Everything not compulsory is forbidden." - T. H. White, The Book of Merlin, quoted by R. A. Wilson, in Schroedinger's Cat, p.205. - STATISM, DIRIGISM, INTERVENTIONISM, TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM, DESPOTISM

COMPULSION: First, if those who claim to speak for the collective or band believe that a member's commitment to what the spokesmen see as the band's interest, need not result from voluntary association, then that band is construed as a basic unit. Thus many trade unions believe, and act on the belief, that they may legitimately frustrate the attempts of non-unionists to voluntarily enter into certain, or even any, contracts of employment." - L. Chipman, QUADRANT, 1/78. - And they try to enforce compulsory membership, compulsory dues and compulsory participation in their strikes. - JZ, 17.6.94. – Just like territorial governments enforce citizen participation their brawls, called wars. – JZ, 11.11.10.

COMPULSION: For over 500 years, he continued, we have been developing liberty - political, social and economic liberty.(*) Now there are critical and antagonistical forces which feel that this great movement was abounding in error, weakness, and injustice, that we had all been on the wrong track. It is now proposed to adopt the principle of displacing liberty and introducing compulsion." - S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.451, on Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University, address in London Individualist Luncheon, 8 July 1931. - (*) Only on the territorial model, suppressing their exterritorial autonomy options for volunteer communities! - JZ

COMPULSION: Government Has Made An Offer You Cannot Refuse." - From a catalog of mini-posters by SLL.

COMPULSION: Government makes even democracy compulsory. Even democracy is compulsory government. - JZ, 24.9.75, after a suggestion by D.Z., 24.9.75.

COMPULSION: Government's standard operating procedure is to use coercion first and discuss matters afterward: 'Under penalty of three years in the federal penitentiary or $ 10,000 fine, or both, you are herewith required to..." etc. This reversal of proper order, and exaggerated tendency to resort to force, is completely typical of governments; the tendency to place social compulsion uppermost is certainly not natural or justified. It should be noted that even those people who defend government get along fine without it in their relations with friends or neighbors, most of the time, and would think a person rude, insulting and violent who behaved privately as governments do publicly." - Fred Woodworth, Anarchism, p.13.

COMPULSION: I find I always have to write SOMETHING on a steamed mirror." - Elaine Dundy, The Dud Avocado, 1958. - This is here quoted only because in one large dictionary of quotations it was the ONLY quotation under this heading and this, to me, seemed to indicate well enough the need for a compilation like this one, of SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPULSION: If one knows that the good is objective - i.e., determined by the nature of reality, but to be discovered by man's mind - one knows that an attempt to achieve the good by physical force is a monstrous contradiction which negates morality at its roots by destroying man's capacity to recognise the good, i.e. his capacity to value. Force invalidates and paralyses a man's judgement, demanding that he act against it, thus rendering him morally impotent. A value which one is forced to accept at the price of surrendering one's mind, is not a value to anyone; the forcibly mindless can neither judge nor choose nor value. An attempt to achieve the good by force is like an attempt to provide a man with a picture gallery at the price of cutting out his eyes. Values cannot exist (cannot be valued) outside the full contexts of a man's life, needs, goals and knowledge." - Ayn Rand, THE OBJECTIVIST, Dec. 65. - If she had pondered the rightfulness of tyrannicide, as a defensive measure, she would have worded the above differently. - JZ, 17.6.94. – Has anyone ever compiled all the wrongful omissions and false premises and conclusions in her freedom philosophy and replied to them sufficiently? – JZ, 19.11.08.

COMPULSION: In my vocabulary, obligation and compulsion are not the same things." - Alister McLean, The Way to Dusty Death, p.65. – CHOICE, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, DUTY, RIGHTS, JUSTICE, FREEDOM, OPTIONALITY, CHOICE

COMPULSION: In the spring of 1919, Baron Wrangel, addressing a small international gathering of idealists in Bern, put forward the demand that in future no man must be compelled to kill another man - 'not even in the service of his country.'" - Herman Hesse, Thou Shalt Not Kill, 1919. – As if countries were really served by killing the countrymen of other countries. – JZ, 11.11.10. - KILLING, MURDER, CONSCRIPTION, NON-VIOLENCE

COMPULSION: It is as absurd to expect good clean unionism in conditions of extensive compulsory unionism, as it would be to expect good government in a society where the divine right of kings or the dictatorship of the proletariat was the central political principle." - Sylvester Petro, Can Labor Clean Its Own House? Quoted in THE FREEMAN, 11/74. – Is majority despotism any better than minority despotism? According to Herbert Spencer only by being despotic over the smaller number. – JZ, 11.11.10. - UNIONS

COMPULSION: It is self-evident that individuals, by banding together and calling themselves a government, have no more and no less rights than they did as unassociated individuals. Thus, whenever such a group of men, calling themselves a government, does anything which they have not the right to do as individuals, they declare themselves trespassers, robbers, murderers, or invaders, according to the nature of their acts. Individuals or groups of men may compel others to obey the law of justice. This is the only law which any man can be rightfully compelled to obey by his fellow men." - Carl Watner, in Holterman, Law in Anarchism, p.133. – Even now the laws of justice are different under different territorial governments. Let each community of volunteers choose its own justice system and let them have their agreements on how mixed cases are to be settled. That was done already long before most people could read and write. The territorial principle is not the only one for such settlements. – JZ, 11.11.10. - TERRITORIALISM

COMPULSION: Just think what compulsion does to anything. Just think of one of the most beautiful things in life, sex, and what compulsion does to it!" - Dr. David Cunningham.

COMPULSION: Let no man of good will take it upon his conscience to advocate the rule of force - outside or INSIDE his own country. Let all those who are actually concerned with peace - those who do love man and do care about his survival - realise that if war is ever to be outlawed, it is the use of force that has to be outlawed." - Ayn Rand, in The Roots of War, from THE OBJECTIVIST, June 66. - Here she does not even distinguish between initiated and defensive use of force. - JZ, 17.6.94. – She did not realize that only the coercion of territorialism ought to be done away with and that it should not be upheld even for supposedly “limited” governments. – JZ, 19.11.08. – PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, FORCE, COERCION, GOVERNMENT

COMPULSION: Men do not naturally go an extra mile when they have been compelled to go one. Indeed, they naturally resist compulsion in the first place." - Clarence B. Carson, The Flight from Reality, THE FREEMAN, 11/65. – I wish they always did, sufficiently. But most are descendants of slaves and serfs. They have to become gradually accustomed to all their rights and liberties. Let the most advanced people set attractive examples to them, under exterritorial autonomy and personal laws. Then “resistance” would only require individual secessionism and voluntary entry and acceptance in another community, which the secessionist prefers. If he is very enterprising, then he might even start a new one. – JZ, 11.11.10.

COMPULSION: Men, as individuals, may rightfully compel each other to obey this one law of justice. And it is the only law which any man can rightfully be compelled, by his fellow men, to obey." – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.7. – To each community and society its own justice system! Here, too, we need competition and consumer-sovereignty. And also extreme caution when interfering with members of other communities. They might have the death penalty for something that is considered a trivial offence within the own community. – So far all people, all communities, have not yet agreed upon a single and ideal declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties, although it is high time for it. Libertarians and anarchists should be in the forefront of such a project – but are they? - JZ, 11.11.10. – JUSTICE, RIGHTS, FORCE, UNITY, UNIFORMITY, EQUALITY, TERRITORIALISM

COMPULSION: Men, oppressing others, assure them that the compulsion is necessary in the interest of the government, while the government is indispensable to the liberty and welfare of men. - According to this, the oppressors force men for their own freedom and do them wrong for their own good. But men are rational beings and hence ought to understand wherein is their good, and to have liberty to do that...." - Tolstoi, in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians p.325. – Only territorially imposed compulsion is wrong. Compulsion within societies and communities of volunteers, agreeing on certain forms of compulsion among their own voluntary members, is quite another matter. Some may favour, e.g., compulsory vaccination or a particular form of marriage, while others don’t. – JZ, 11.11.10.

COMPULSION: No more compulsions, ordered Douglas Bailey. Let's have the world's first genuinely free civilisation." - Poul Anderson, The Fatal Fulfilment. – But only set as an attractive example by volunteers among themselves. Trying to enforce that rule upon the whole world could result in a major and very violent conflict. – JZ, 11.11.10. - TERRITORIALISM

COMPULSION: Nothing that is compulsory is social. - JZ, 15.10. 74. - Well, one might except here: mutual tolerance or respect for the rights and liberties of others. For an enlightened person reasonable decision-making should be compulsory, or self-imposed, on important subjects, rather than knee-jerk reactions or emotional decision-making. - JZ, 2.10.02.

COMPULSION: Of Switzerland he said once that in it the tradition of the old German Empire was preserved: the protection of the small tribes from the large ones, the security of the rights of the individual from attacks by any coercive community." - Otto Dibelius, speech, 20.3.55. - The protection of the rights of individuals from all assaults by any coercive community (“community” with compulsory membership and a territorial monopoly) can only be done away with when this compulsory membership and territorial monopoly are done away with. - Full recognition of individual rights does not have such an ancient precedent. In fact, it is not even achieved now, not even among libertarians and anarchists. - JZ, 5.6.82, 17.6.94.

COMPULSION: One can do many things with bayonets - but one cannot sit on them." - Source? - Give me a dozen bayonets and a wooden wall & I could hammer them in, side by side, with the flat side upwards, to form a primitive seat. Give me 144 of them and I could hammer them into the ground, point first, and the flat ends of the bayonets might also form a primitive seat. However, I would prefer most other kids of seats, e.g. easily movable ones. So much of what is meant in a sentence is usually unstated. Here: One can hardly sit directly on the single "working" point of a bayonet. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPULSION: One can force something upon society - but nothing that lasts." - Goethe. – While not lasting permanently, often it does already last all too long, like e.g. Nazism and territorially imposed communism and wrongful laws in democracies. – How long has compulsory taxation lasted by now? - JZ, 11.11.10.

COMPULSION: Our wisdom is slavish prejudice, our customs consist in control, constraint, compulsion. Civilised man is born and dies a slave. The infant is bound up in swaddling clothes, the corpse is nailed down in his coffin. All his life man is imprisoned by his institutions." – J. J. Rousseau, Emile, quoted in B. R. Barber, Superman & Common Men, Pp.47. - FREEDOM, MAN, INSTITUTIONALISATION, TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSION, PANARCHISM

COMPULSION: Pay premiums to deserters from the other side rather than bomb or shoot them before they had a chance to freely choose the better or best possible side - and make sure that this is the one you are fighting for. - JZ, ca. 1975. - Let all deserters from an enemy regime become voluntary members of those governments in exile, or non-governmental societies, that they like best and the soldiers of that enemy regime will lose most of their motive to fight you and will rather become neutrals or allies. - JZ, 3.10.02. – DESERTION, PRISONERS OF WAR, APPEALS, WAR AIMS, TURNING ENEMIES INTO FRIENDS, ALLIES OR NEUTRALS, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, PANARCHISM

COMPULSION: Second, the operation is not social because it is compulsory." - FREEDOM MAGAZINE, Summer 74.

COMPULSION: Seduction results in more ... for everybody. Rape results in less ... for all but the ruling elite." - FEE Australia, leaflet. - CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM, PROFIT, INCENTIVES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

COMPULSION: Seems to be a deep instinct in human beings for making everything compulsory that isn't forbidden." - Robert Heinlein, The Moon Is A harsh Mistress. - All too many freedom-lovers make tacit or explicit concessions to Robert Ardrey's thesis: The Territorial Imperative, while failing to explore The Exterritorial Imperative and its freedom tradition. - JZ, 17.6.94.

COMPULSION: The eloquence of power." - Ambrose Bierce. – Is it eloquent or persuasive rather than coercive or compulsory? One should not distort the meaning of words too much. – JZ. 21.7.13.

COMPULSION: The folly of compulsion. Compulsion is a disruption of Nature's harmony." - L. E. Read, Leonard E., Vision, ch. 10. – For moral, rational and civilized beings, among themselves. Otherwise nature is, largely, “red in tooth and claws” and even the ‘peaceful” vegetable eaters feast on these other forms of life. – JZ, 19.11.08.

COMPULSION: The ideal development of civilisation is to do away with compulsion, in order to achieve the results of compulsion (*) by the free will of the individuals." - Josiah C. Wedgwood. (*) and much more! - JZ

COMPULSION: The magistrate, for the Chinese, is a friendly arbitrator, rather than a dominating authority bound to declare the law and to secure its respect. In the current practice of the interior districts (1920's), a court decision in a civil case is executed ONLY WHEN THE LOSING PARTY SIGNIFIES HIS ACCEPTANCE OF IT; FOR IT WOULD BE CONTRARY TO NATURAL LAW TO USE COMPULSION ON A FREE MIND.'" Emphasis added. - LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Winter 75. – CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM, JURISDICTION, COMPETING JUSTICE SYSTEMS

COMPULSION: The nationalists and other collectivists seem to think that nothing but what is coercive or compulsory deserves the name of “social”. - JZ, 24.5.75.

COMPULSION: To be compelled into virtue is only to live in order to die of dry rot." - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p. 92. - VIRTUE, MORALITY, DUTY, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, CHARITY, WELFARE STATE

COMPULSION: To describe ... 'our liberty to compel others' (*) denotes an utter misconception. It is simply the exercise of our liberty to keep others from compelling us. - But who is to judge where the invasion begins? ... Each for himself, and those who combine do agree, I answer. It will be perpetual war, then? Not at all; a war of short duration, at the worst. I am well aware that there is a border-land between legitimate and invasive conduct over which there must be for a time more or less trouble. But it is an ever-decreasing margin. It has been narrowing ever since the idea of equal liberty first dawned upon the mind of man, and in proportion as this idea becomes clearer, and the new social conditions which it involves become real, will it contract towards the geometrical conception of a line. And then the world will be at peace." - Benjamin R. Tucker, Instead of a Book. - (*) It could be that this was just a mix-up in terms with the Kantian idea of rights, as being accompanied by the authority to enforce them! - JZ, 17.6.94. –

COMPULSION: We never can be made happy by compulsion." - Emerson. - Happiness. – If the conditions of individual rights and liberties were compulsorily upheld against any attackers then the maximum of happiness would also be achieved – for all but criminals with victims, aggressors and other meddlers with the affairs of others. Most libertarians do wrongly believe that a “limited” but still territorial government could realized that ideal and have not yet seriously considered a free market for all kinds of governmental as well as non-governmental societies of volunteers, under personal laws and each without any territorial monopoly. – JZ, 19.11.08. – PANARCHISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS VS. TERRITORIALISM

COMPULSION: With a spoon full of honey you will catch more flies than with a tub full of vinegar." - A not quite fitting analogy but somehow explanatory old Arab saying – INCENTIVES, PROFIT, REWARDS RATHER THAN PENALTIES, THE POWER OF ATTRACTION

COMPULSORY ASSOCIATIONS: Church: Do as we say or you will go to hell. – State: Do as we say or you will go to jail. – Any institution that seeks your compliance through intimidation obviously doesn’t have any actual authority or there would be no need for such coercive means. - Dustin Archer shared Liberty Smith's photo. Facebook, 17.8.12. – AUTHORITY, INTIMIDATION, DOMINATION, THREATS, POWER

COMPULSORY EDUCATION: A tax-supported, compulsory educational system is the complete model of the totalitarian state. – Isabel Paterson (1886-1961), American Author - SCHOOLS

COMPULSORY LICENSING: The hypothesis seems to be that no doctor at all is better than a doctor not trained to Australian “standards”. – JZ, n.d.

COMPULSORY SCHOOLING: Stop the compulsory public babysitting system.” – LIBERTRIAN CONNECTION, 6.5.71. – EDUCATION, SCHOOLS

COMPUTERS: After so many centuries all too many have still not learnt to use guns properly, i.e. responsibly, in all cases. So how could we expect all or most people to use computers, so soon, quite responsibly for the enlightenment and liberation “game”? However, their potential for enlightenment purposes is so large that, when they are optimally used for it, relatively few people could come to effectively use them to defeat ignorance, prejudices, dogmatism, propaganda, intolerance, domination and monopolies and spread the recognition and practice of all individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 15.3.87, 24.9.08.

COMPUTERS: Are computers already fully and sensibly enough utilized to promote freedom, peace and justice ideas, all relevant knowledge, projects, organizations, publications, events and activities? For instance: I know as yet of no single libertarian electronic “argument mapping” effort, utilizing this method, as proposed by Paul Monk at al online, nor of any comprehensive libertarian bibliography, abstracts and review compilation, encyclopedia and library offered on line. Not even all libertarian contact addresses, projects and ideas are fully listed and archived and all the libertarian titles that are already offered on one or the other electronic format. – JZ, 3.3.97, 22.9.08.

COMPUTERS: Computer systems, like territorial States, seem to be frequently at war with each other, no matter how peaceful the intentions of their users are. – JZ, 1.8.03.

COMPUTERS: In all too many ways computers and their programs are all too unreliable still.” – 8.8.03. – In some respects they are like women, who were, jokingly, referred to as the people one cannot live with but cannot do without. – Naturally, women could say the same about most men. - I do envy all the men and all the women who managed to have found their true mate. – Has the percentage of such couples gone up through the mediation of computerized marriage bureaus? - JZ, 18.9.08. – I read, recently, that ca. one third of new marriages began through Internet contacts. True of false? – JZ, 11.11.10.

COMPUTERS: Man is still the most extraordinary computer of all.” – John F. Kennedy, speech, 21.5.63. – Also the least reliable. – JZ, JZ, 20.6.92.

COMPUTERS: With computers, their hardware and their software, much can go wrong and sooner or later does go wrong. – JZ, 19.8.97. – With the micro-miniaturization and usage rates and speeds and the artificial and natural electromagnetic “soup” involved, that we are living in, not to speak of cosmic radiation, that should not be surprising at all. – But how many who got accustomed to them would by now want to live without them? An addiction and dependency develops, just as it does with still all too imperfect pets. - JZ, 22.9.08. Or marriage partners. – We should accept them in spite of their all too human flaws. - JZ, 11.11.10.

COMPUTERS: Zube’s first law on computers: Neither their hardware nor their software, their help or their guides or services can be relied upon at all or for a long time. (Just like politicians & bureaucrats? – JZ, 21.10.07.) They become rapidly dysfunctional or obsolete and cannot be easily enough maintained by most users. As compared with them: My fridge, bought second-hand, was still working after more than 30 years. Once I had a working car that was over 25 years old, the present one is about 14. But my computers, printers, drives, software etc….- JZ, 23.2.03. – At least we have already free choice among computers and software. For governments, societies and communities and whole political, economic and social systems we still have to introduce free choice for individuals. – JZ, 11.11.10.

COMRADESHIP: That strange feeling we had in the war. Have you ever found anything in your lives since to equal it in strength? A sort of splendid carelessness it was, holding us together." - Noel Coward, b. 1899. - Not so splendid when you consider that it merely made them adapt to their conditions, rather than change them. It made them more obedient military slaves, rather than insurrectionists and liberators. - JZ, 20.6.94. – SOLDIERS, WAR, PEACE

COMRADESHIP: War is too terrible a price to pay even for the advantages of comradeship." - W. H. Nevinson, JOHN O'LONDON'S WEEKLY, reviewing Edmund Blunden's Undertones of War, 22 Dec. 1928. - Rather than comradeship arising out of suffering and trying to mitigate that suffering, we need the kind of thoughtful and disobedient comradeship that would end the senseless suffering from wars and civil wars. - JZ, 20.6.94.

COMRADESHIP: What some refer to as unity is often but a bond of common hatreds and prejudices." - D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought, p.20. - Also in: A Book of Contemplation, p. 23. - The comradeship of conscripts in the trenches should be directed against those who sent them there, rather than against the conscripts in the opposite trenches. - JZ, 20.6.94.

COMRADESHIP: You are doing for each other and you're dying for each other. That's all. It means ALL! And the lousiest thing in the world to die for is another sucker who's only dying for you. Do you get what I mean? The only reason any of us are dying is because we're HERE. It's like two scorpions in a jar. The'll kill each other, but only because they're in the jar. Do you get what I mean?" - James Webb, Fields of Fire, 1978, p.220. - DISOBEDIENCE, DESERTION, MILITIA, WAR AIMS, DEFENCE

CONCENTRATION CAMPS: The concentration camp is the 'law school' of socialism." - Clarence B. Carson. - All territorial nations are, to some extent, nation-wide concentration camps. - JZ, 20.6.94. - Nuclear "weapons" are "extermination camps" in small, scientific and convenient packages, camouflaged as "defensive" weapons. - JZ, 2.10.02. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM, GOVERNMENTS

CONCENTRATION OF EFFORTS: To attempt to do everything at once destroys everything." - Lichtenberg, Vermischte Schriften, Fragmentarische Bemerkungen, 2: Ueber das Studium der Naturlehre. - ("Alles auf einmal tun zu wollen, zerstoert alles of einmal.") - One person can easily take too much upon himself and thus advance nothing very much. However, when all tasks can be freely advanced by different people, in a division of labour scheme, in a market-like way, then progress is most certain and fast. Instead of trying to do single-handedly everything, one can advance frameworks, like LIBERTARIAN MICROFICHE PUBLISHING, PANARCHISM and an IDEAS ARCHIVES, a comprehensive libertarian digital library, projects list, directory, indicating special interests, index to all libertarian texts, libertarian abstracts and review collection, libertarian bibliography, refutations and definitions encyclopaedia, meeting calendar for each city etc. (See my NEW DRAFT digitized book manuscript of 2010.) that would tend to stimulate or release everybody's creative energies at once, in all spheres. - JZ, 20.6.94. - The Internet can and should be used, much more than it was so far, to simultaneously advance thousands of different libertarian projects, each via input from thousands of volunteers for it. Then we would really see some progress! - Not even libertarian slogans and jokes compilations on the Internet have so far been integrated! - JZ, 3.10.02. – Compare the Wikipedia project. – The Free Market Net was also conducted like that, at least for a while. – Perhaps many other projects already are. All could be promoted at the same time by a common projects list. - JZ, 19.11.08, 30.1.13. – Nobody can, actually, do “everything” at once, e.g. overeating and fasting, driving and walking, swimming and running, singing and keeping quiet. – JZ, 21.7.13. - PRIORITIES, SPECIALIZATION, DIVISION OF LABOR, DIRECTORY TO LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS, DIGITAL COLLABORATION &  COOPERATION BETWEEN MANYON LARGE PROJECTS, REQUIRING MUCH MANPOWER.

CONCENTRATION OF INDUSTRY: the degree of concentration in the economy has been relatively stable. (*) It always appears to be increasing, because highly concentrated industries are much more visible than more competitive ones. We are all aware that, sometime between 1920 and the present, General Motors acquired a commanding position in the automobile industry. Few of us realise that during the same period U.S. Steel lost its dominance in the steel industry. For the same reason, we tend to exaggerate the amount of concentration existing at any given time. The areas of the economy which we think of as 'important' tend to be those in which we can identify a single large firm. We rarely consider such 'industries' as the restaurant and bar business, domestic service, or the manufacture of textiles and apparel, each of which is highly competitive and each of which employs more people than iron, steel, and automobile manufacturing combined." - D. Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.40. - (*) Under full freedom there will probably be no more concentration than corresponds to Pareto's distribution curve for almost all values, institutions and phenomena. And how much concentration CAN there be, when there are, as in the U.S., ca. 10 million employers? - JZ –

CONCENTRATION OF POWER: In any case, the whole Galbraithian argument is factually incorrect. The evidence is that some of the LARGEST concentrations of union power are in industries in which the employers have very LITTLE concentration of power. In the United States, for example, the coal miners' is a major concentrated union, able to gain advantages for its members by acting as a monopolising agent for the industry because the industry itself is so DISPERSED. The coal miners in effect run a cartel on behalf of the employees. Similarly, the teamsters' union, certainly one of the strongest in the United States, did not arise as a countervailing power to some pre-existing corporate monopoly. It arose in part because there was DISPERSED power from which it was able to benefit." - Milton Friedman, From Galbraith to Economic Freedom, p.16. - UNIONS, CORPORATIONS, BIG BUSINESS, POWER, CENTRALISATION, DECENTRALISATION, BIGNESS,

CONCENTRATION OF POWER: The fatal flaw of governments, including 'majority rule' democracies, is the cumulative effect of THE CONCENTRATION OF POWER AND AUTHORITY on the instalment plan." - Stormy Mon, A Liberty Book, p.22. – Subjection to an instalment plan still requires voluntary and individual signatures. We are born or otherwise subjected to territory-wide prison systems, from maximum to minimum security type and not free to escape from them or to secede from them. – JZ, 11.11.10. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM, CENTRALIZATION

CONCENTRATION OF POWER: The greatest single threat to freedom is the concentration of power. It attracts the power freaks whose egomania drives them to impose their every mad whim upon the people they can control. Power rightfully belongs only to the individual. As he comes into conflict with others and disputes develop, he finds it in his interest to form voluntary associations to settle such disputes.” - Rod Manis, in: Outside Looking In, p.432. – Territorialism is the fertile ground for the growth of wrongful power systems. Individual secessionism, personal law and exterritorially autonomous communities would greatly reduce power concentration and abuses. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONCERN: Ignorance: Most people don't care enough to search for the facts of the issues they talk about with such concern." - Dagobert D. Runes, A Book of Contemplation, 69. – If they were really concerned then they would care about the facts involved – all the different ideas and proposals. – JZ, 11.11.10. - PREJUDICES, SUPERFICIALITY, APATHY, INTEREST IN THE OWN AFFAIRS & THOSE OF MAN

CONCERN: Mind Your Own Business - and mind also the extent to which their business is your business, too. - JZ, 20.6.94.

CONCERN: The least pain in our little finger gives us more concern and uneasiness than the destruction of millions of our fellow beings." - William Hazlitt, 1778 - 1830. - But we do already reduce the pains and wrongs in the world to the extent that we no longer inflict any in our own spheres and actions. - IMAGINATION, UNDERSTANDING, SYMPATHY, SOLIDARITY, FELLOW-FEELING, PAIN, SELF-INTEREST, RESPONSIBILITY, RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, FREEDOM, LIBERTY

CONCERN: The salvation of mankind lies only in making everything the concern of all." - Alexander I. Solzhenitsyn. - Nobody can be concerned about everything since nobody can know and do everything. We should rather mind our own business, as far as we can. However, basic individual rights, their realisation and threats to them, anywhere, anytime, should be our concern, at least to the extent that we can somewhat think, express ourselves and act for them. - JZ, 12.7.92, 20.6.94. – Compare: “Divided responsibility is none!” A market-like coordination of the efforts of many is quite another matter: Instance: Wikipedia. This collection could also greatly benefit from such a collaboration. Many other projects, private Manhattan Projects, should also be sufficiently coordinated and developed through electronic contacts between many people and numerous contributions from them. – JZ, 19.11.08. - MILITIA, RESISTANCE, SYMPATHIES, RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, LIBERTARIAN, ELECTRONIC & COMPLETE PUBLISHING, LIBERTARIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA, LIBERTARIAN IDEAS ARCHIVE, ABSTRACTS, INDEX, BIBLIOGRAPHY, DIRECTORY, IDEAL INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION

CONCERN: The world is your concern. It's yours as well as that of any other free man. - JZ, 10/72. - One's horizon should expand beyond one's parish or nation. - JZ, 20.6.94. - INTEREST, ISOLATIONISM, APATHY, RESPONSIBILITY, PAROCHIALISM

CONCESSIONS: If the constitution does really, or naturally, give rise to all this 'strife', and requires all this 'spirit of amity and mutual concession,' - and I do not care now to deny that it does, - so much the worse for the constitution. And so much the worse for all those men who, like yourself, swear to 'preserve, protect, and defend it.'" – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.22, Works I. - Most concession requirements arise out of the territorial State model. They would obviously no longer be needed for the internal politics of panarchies. For their international relations they would merely have to concede to each other that degree of the practice of individual rights which the volunteers of any particular and exterritorially autonomous community agree upon, among themselves. – JZ, 20.6.94. - CONSTITUTIONALISM, VOLUNTARISM, INTERNAL AFFAIRS, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, COMPROMISES, TERRITORIALISM, UNITY, UNIFORMITY, EQUALITY, EGALITARIANISM

CONCESSIONS: Make no concessions to archy." - Walter Grinder, Books for Libertarians, 4/73. – None to territorial archies. All to exterritorial archies and anarchies of volunteers only. – JZ, 11.11.10. - COMPROMISES, STATE, ANARCHISM

CONCESSIONS: Today, there are two major processes occurring in the world. One is that of short-sighted concessions, a process of giving up, giving up and giving up, in the hope that at some point the Russian wolf will have eaten enough." – A. Solzhenitsyn, READER’S DIGEST, Nov. 75. - I have never conceded to the Soviets that they represent the "Russians". Concessions to oppressive regimes must be distinguished from concessions to their victims, the various captive nations, communities and individuals. - JZ, 20.6.94. – One should never speak of despotic regimes as if they really represented the peoples they dominated & exploit. – JZ, 19.11.08. - CAPTIVE NATIONS, WAR AIMS, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, INTERNATIONAL TREATIES, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, NEGOTIATIONS, DESERTION, REFUGEES, AMNESTY, ASYLUM, OPEN ARMS POLICIES, APPEASEMENT, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS & THEIR VICTIMS

CONCLUSION: A conclusion is the place where you got tired of thinking.” – Unknown. – Compare: “Jumping to conclusions!” - THINKING, , RED.

CONDEMNATION OF OTHERS: No man can justly censor or condemn another, because indeed no man truly knows another." - Sir Thomas Browne. - Even self-knowledge is difficult to impossible. - JZ, 17.6.80. - However, one should distinguish between actions without victims (except the freely acting self) and actions that victimize other, non-consenting people. Only the involuntarily victimized people justify the condemnation of the victimizers, the punishment victimizers and the enforcement of all indemnification claims against the victimizers. - JZ, 20.6.94, 19.11.08. – TERRITORIALISM, DRUGS, CRIMES, VICES, PROHIBITION

CONDITIONING: Observed Etienne de la Boetie in the 16th century, 'It is incredible how as soon as a people become subjected, it promptly falls into such complete forgetfulness of its freedom that it can hardly be roused to the point of regaining it, obeying so easily and so willingly that one is led to say ... that this people has not so much lost its liberty as won its enslavement.'" - R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p. 289. - STATISM, OBEDIENCE, SERVITUDE, FREEDOM

CONDITIONING: People always blame circumstances for what they have become. I do not believe in circumstances. People who advance in this world are those upright ones who everywhere seek to find the circumstances which they need and when they cannot find them then they establish them." - G. B. Shaw, retranslated from the German version. - One-man revolutions have their chance only under panarchism and innovators need at least ideas markets like an Ideas Archive could provide - apart from the experimental freedom that panarchism would provide them with. - JZ, 20.6.94. - SUCCESS, ENVIRONMENT, SOCIETY, CIRCUMSTANCES, FATE, EXCUSES, RATIONALISATIONS, HUMAN NATURE, MAN

CONDITIONING: the struggle which every human must fight, if we are not to relapse into total robotry: the struggle to see and hear with one's own eyes and ears, not with the circuitry of social conditioning." - R. A. Wilson, The Illuminati Papers. - JUDGEMENT, SELF-RELIANCE, INDEPENDENT THINKING, THINK

CONDUCT: We are where we are, and what we are because of our conduct." - J. J. Collins, Desk Calendar. - That would be a consequence of really free individual choices in a free society but is not present reality. True, we do not make optimal or full use of all choices remaining to us but should not ignore the numerous rightful and useful choices that are now made territorially illegal. - JZ, 20.6.94. – The victims of concentration camps and extermination camps and the other victims of totalitarian territorial regimes would certainly not subscribe to that quote. – JZ, 19.11.08. – , COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, TERRITORIALISM,

CONFERENCES The Congress does not advance, it dances." - "Le Congres ne marche pas, il danse." - "Der Kongress geht nicht vorwaerts, er tanzt." - Karl Joseph, Duke de Ligne, 1814, referring to the festivities of the Congress of Vienna. - It probably did far less harm while it danced. - JZ, 20.6.94.

CONFERENCES: A conference is a gathering of important people who singly can do nothing, but together can decide that nothing can be done." - Fred Allen, 1894 - 1940. - At least regarding political conferences and most economists, once should rather say: "self-important" rather than objectively "important" or important only in the eyes of those whose opinions are objectively unimportant. - JZ, 20.6.94. – COMMITTEES, PARLIAMENTS, TERRITORIALISM

CONFERENCES: A conference is a group of people making a difficult job out of what one person could do easily.” - Frank Herbert, The Priests of PSI, A Collection of Stories, p.38. - . – One person can only do so much, even if he is quite free, which so far no one ever was. It should also be clear that there are numerous jobs that can only be done by the free cooperation and competition between very many people. Leonard E. Read proved that even for the production of a pencil and for a can of beans. – However, an individual with the help of an ideas archive and a talent centre could achieve much – but thus mobilizing many people from all over the world who are interested in particular ideas and talents. - JZ, 19.11.08. - COMMITTEES, PARLIAMENTS, BOARDS

CONFERENCES: I ask you, my friend, what is the history of conference?” - Clifford D. Simak, Ring Around the Sun, p.163. - PEACE MOVEMENT, PEACE CONFERENCES, SUMMIT CONFERENCE

CONFERENCES: I have never taken part in your councils and conferences because the cry there is always, 'Down with the essential!' and 'Let's talk about the non-essential.'" - Wilhelm Reich, Listen, Little Man!, p.102. – Just like most of the contents of most of the mass media. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONFERENCES: The United States never lost a war or won a conference." - Will Rogers, LIFE, July 18, 1949. - In the case of China and Vietnam, it merely withdrew its support, which was never sufficiently discriminating and liberating. - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONFIDENCE: A person under the firm persuasion that he can command resources virtually has them." - Livy, 59 B.C. - 17 A.D. - So parliamentarians could continue their takes and give-aways without taxes and requisitioning via the inflation tax and the sale of investment certificates in tax slaves? Charitable clerics try to "finance" their "good" works in this way and so do confidence tricksters. - Self-confidence and confidence in certain ideas is a necessary condition but hardly a sufficient one. - JZ, 20.6.94. - See: Success.

CONFIDENCE: As long as the 'practical men' believe that 'confidence' is the real basis for note issues, and as long as most 'economists' and the law uphold this opinion, all kinds of confidence tricks will be practised upon us. - JZ, 8.7.87, 20.6.94. – MONEY, CURRENCY, VALUE STANDARD

CONFIDENCE: Confidence hasn't left this country; confidence has just got wise, and the guys that it got wise to are wondering where it has gone." - Will Rogers, Autobiography, p.213/14.

CONFIDENCE: Confidence is what you feel when you don't really understand the situation." - James P. Hogan, Mirror Maze, p.318. - This applies particularly to confidence in politicians, their laws, institutions and currencies. - JZ, 27.5.91, 20.6.94 - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM.

CONFIDENCE: He was never fully confident … But it’s that very uncertainty and the alertness and thoroughness it engenders that gives you the edge. …  Always appear totally confident, but the day you feel totally confident is the day to hang it up because you’re bound to make a mistake. -  Margaret Wander Bonanno, Star Trek, Probe, Pocket Books, 1992, p.125. - FULL CONFIDENCE OR LACK OF CONFIDENCE

CONFIDENCE: To talk of confidence as the basis of money is just a confidence trick of people who do not know and do not want to use better or the best foundations for money issues. – JZ, 16.9.98.

CONFIDENCE: When facing a difficult task, act as though it is impossible to fail. If you’re going after Moby Dick, take along the tartar sauce.” – Life’s Little Instruction Book. Compare also: "A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step", but one in the right direction. - JZ, 24. 11. 06. - NOT ONLY COURAGE & DETERMINATION & PERSISTENCE, AS WELL AS BEING SUFFICIENTLY INFORMED & PREPARED

CONFIDENCE: You are not alone in this battle. You are on the side of millions of victories that have already been won for you. Realize how easy other heroes and other heroines have made it for you. Then fight for yourself, confident that you are going to win." - Zarlenga, The Orator, p.79. - - Ulrich von Beckerath used to say that 90% of what needs to be done for freedom, peace and justice has already been done. We have just to tackle the last 10%. - JZ, 20.6.94. - SUCCESS, FAITH IN FREEDOM, SELF-CONFIDENCE, BELIEF, IDEAS, REVOLUTIONS

CONFIDENTIALITY OF CENSUS? Nothing that the government gets to know is "strictly confidential". - JZ, 3.11.76. – PRIVACY, SECRECY

CONFLICTS: Although a hundred individuals may have as many different goals, conflict among these individuals is minimised through exchange in the market and the exercise of their individual rights. For example, if one person wishes to live in a commune where all property is shared and another wishes to live alone in a house, both goals can be realized by the people involved without recourse to conflict between them." - WORLD RESEARCH: The Role of Government. - Realize that in the “public” or “governmental” spheres we need free individual choice among governments over volunteers only, competing governments or exterritorially autonomous volunteer communities and personal laws, too, not only the limited marketing which some territorial governments permit. - JZ, 20.6.94, 11.11.10. - PEACE, PANARCHISM, CHOICE, MARKETS, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS

CONFLICTS: Conflict of interest is normal. Compromise is too, …” - Poul Anderson, A Knight of Ghosts and Shadows, p.121. - But one should try to eliminate conflict situations, i.e., systematically reduce the number of conflicts to a minimum e.g. via the exterritorial imperative. - JZ, 6.9.87. - Conflict isn't normal when it comes to the possibilities of free exchange, of voluntary cooperation, voluntary integration, voluntary segregation, free competition in all spheres and quite diverse but only exterritorially autonomous actions. - JZ, 16.7.01. The possibilities of compromise are not exhausted until all panarchistic options are realized. They amount to a "non-compromising compromise" - with the government or non-governmental society of his or her dreams for everybody. - JZ, 26.1.02. - If a whole country were only one football field or divided into as many football fields as it could hold and if only football were allowed to be played there, then this would simply be the only game allowed. But sports in general, shows how many alternatives are possible, in a country and world-wide, without the voluntary participants coming into conflict with each other (apart from their fair competitions) and without having to engage in many significant compromises. However, if some authority tried to force all footballers to play only cricket or all cricketers were forced to play only football, then the scene for a civil war would be set. - JZ, 9.2.02. - COMPROMISE, SPORTS, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, HARMONY, ENFORCED UNIFORMITY, LAWS, LEGISLATION, REGULATIONS, ONE CONSTITUTION FOR A WHOLE POPULATION, AS IF ONE SHOE SIZE WOULD FIT ALL.

CONFORMISM: A man flattened by an opponent can get up again. A man flattened by conformity stays down for good.” - Thomas J. Watson – Those conforming to sports rules do mostly get up again, unless they got severely injured or even died in their contest. – All analogies limp somewhat. – JZ, 8.8.08.

CONFORMISM: Conforming with even an only suspected evil is the opportunist's choice of the easy path instead of the right one."- D. R. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p.23.

CONFORMISM: Conformism as well as dissenting autonomy - only among volunteers! - JZ, 28.6.92.

CONFORMISM: Conformism is the coward's apology for his own indolence." - Dagobert D. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p.23.

CONFORMISM: Conformity and obedience / Bane of all genius, virtue, freedom, truth / Makes slaves of men and of the human frame / a mechanized automaton. – Percy Bysshe Shelley in  - & OBEDIENCE


CONFORMISM: Conformity is the jailer of freedom and the enemy of growth." - John F. Kennedy, address to the U.N. General Assembly, Sept., 25, 1961. -John F. Kennedy - By striving to become and then to remain president, he conformed all too much, restricted American and other liberties and became the enemy of growth. When I heard of his assassination, I first thought the reporter made a mistake and it was his Soviet counterpart that had been assassinated. Then, on second thoughts, I thought that maybe the assassin had become aware that J. F. K. had doubled the "nuclear arsenal" of the U.S., i.e. the anti-people mass murder devices - directed primarily against the masses of victims of communism and indirectly threatening all Americans and other people. Such MAD (Mutual Assured Destruction) devices are certainly not defensive or liberating weapons for a free enterprise, capitalistic or market society but inherently wrong and aggressive, ultimate holocaust devices or cheap "extermination camp packages". - JZ, 20.6.94. - TYRANNICIDE, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, PRESIDENTS, POLITICIANS, FREEDOM, GROWTH

CONFORMISM: In a fragment on morals written when he was a young man, he attacked the 'sheep-like conformity' which society calls 'good sense'." - Frank E. Manuel, The Prophets of Paris, p. 23, on Turgot.

CONFORMISM: Men are created different; they lose their social freedom and their individual autonomy in seeking to become like each other." - David Riesman, Autonomy and Utopia, The Lonely Crowd, 1950

CONFORMISM: Men need not conform - neither in beliefs nor in behaviour. - JZ, 24.7.87. - In many more situations than most people presently dream of. - JZ, 20.6.94. - Written after reading Poul Anderson, Past Times, p. 90: "But the poison remained: The idea that men must conform not only in behaviour but in belief." – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, NON-CONFORMISM,

CONFORMISM: No man on earth is truly free, all are slaves of money or necessity. Public opinion or fear of prosecution forces each one, against his conscience, to conform." - Euripides, Hecuba, ca. 425 B.C., tr. William Arrowsmith.

CONFORMISM: Queue mania' is an ailment that afflicts people with a compulsive urge to line up behind someone or something, even a lamp-post." - Thomas P. Ronan, The NEW YORK TIMES, Aug. 23,1955. - FOLLOWERS, STATISM, SUBORDINATION, LEADERSHIP

CONFORMISM: resist conformity to some collectivised norm." - Robert LeFevre, The Libertarian, p. 63. - Voluntary and non-territorial collectivism need not be resisted. It can be tolerated just like any other voluntary and non-territorial activity or organization. – JZ, 19.11.08. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, COLLECTIVISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM,

CONFORMISM: Social adaptation to a dysfunctional society may be very dangerous.” - R. D. Laing – INTEGRATION, ADAPTATION

CONFORMISM: Success, recognition, and conformity are the bywords of the modern world where everyone seems to crave the anaesthetizing security of being identified with the majority." - Martin Luther King, Jr., Strength to Love, 1963, p.2. - He seems to have craved conformity with Christian and State socialist comrades - apart, naturally, from his sympathies with fellow victims of racism. - JZ, 20.6.94.

CONFORMISM: The collective wisdom of individual ignorance." - Carlyle.

CONFORMISM: The conformist is in no way a free man. He has to follow the herd. - Norman Vincent Peale, 1898-1993. - & FREEDOM

CONFORMISM: The great majority of men grow up and grow old in seeming and following." - Emerson, Journals, 1841.

CONFORMISM: The reward for conformity is that everyone likes you except yourself.” - Rita Mae Brown, American author – A well deserved penalty that! – JZ, 8.8.08. – INDIVIDUALISM, NON-CONFORMITY, BEING ONESELF, SELF-REALIZATION, SELF-DEVELOPMENT, BEING ONE’S OWN MAN, SELF-RESPECT, SELF-APPRECIATION, SELF-ESTEEM, SELF-CONFIDENCE, SELF-RELIANCE

CONFORMISM: When perfectly healthy bodies stagger around under the weight of dead minds." - Gerald Johnson. - Are there any perfectly healthy bodies any more than any perfectly healthy minds? - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONFRONTATION: Growth in awareness, perception, consciousness never occurs while berating others orally or physically. Violence is an affliction, and it is highly contagious." – Leonard E. Read, Who's Listening? p.196. - Should we never confront evils and wrongs directly and openly? Should we never enable ourselves to do so effectively? - JZ, 20.6.94. - ANGER, BLAME, ARGUMENTS, DEBATES, MILITIA, SELF-DEFENCE, VIOLENCE, PROVOCATION

CONFRONTATION: It is generally unwise to openly confront the government. (Here in the sense of their agents or hired thugs.)" - Jasper the Jester, THE CONNECTION 124, p.85.

CONFRONTATION: Only a stupid man confronts. The intelligent man maneuvers so that there is not need for battle.” - Larry Beinhart, American Hero, p. 283. - ULTIMATUMS, NEGOTIATIONS, RIGHTFUL AIMS & METHODS, RED.

CONFRONTATION: The second principle: DON'T CONFRONT THE GOVERNMENT. A sure way to make your life miserable is to attack the government head on. Its resources are limited, and it can't waste them tracking down every possible violator of every law. But it will certainly aim its power at anyone who PUBLICLY defies it. So keep to yourself, do what you have to do...." - Harry Brown, How I Found Freedom, p.177. - By all means, sneak up on liberty, hold on to it silently, practice it secretly - as far as you can. Inefficient bureaucrats won't hinder you. - JZ, 25.11.76. - But do not imagine that this approach is all there is to the liberty struggle, that it exhausts all efficient avenues. - JZ, 20.6.94. – TERRITORIALISM, POWER, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

CONGRESS: As long as we have a mud hole or a gully in this country, there will be a Congressman there to ask for an appropriation to have it widened or dug deeper. What they should do is fill 'em all up, and save bridges." - Will Rogers.

CONGRESS: Congress just keeps us all on the jump all the time, waiting to see what they are going to do with us." - Will Rogers. - Lawlessness can also arise from a flood of unpredictable, unknowable and unenforceable laws. - JZ, 2.8.92. - Will Rogers used the mildest criticism. I would rather have said "... what they are going to do TO us, NEXT?" - JZ, 20.6.94. - LAWS, LEGISLATION, PARLIAMENTS, POLITICIANS, REPRESENTATIVES, UNCERTAINTY, INSECURITY, CONGRESS

CONGRESS: I knock Congress, but I like 'em, and I understand 'em. I know they do wrong sometimes, but they mean well. They just don't know any better." - Will Rogers. - JOKES

CONGRESS: If pro is the opposite of con, is Congress the opposite of Progress?” - Stormy Mon, Imagine Freedom, No. 10. - This dictionary says “pro” is the opposite of “con”. – So what is Congress the opposite of?” – Thaves, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 5/91. – & PROGRESS , JOKES

CONGRESS: If we took Congress serious, we would be worrying all the time." - Will Rogers. - JOKES

CONGRESS: Isn't it about time we found Congress in contempt of The People? – Anonymous - VS. THE PEOPLE, PARLIAMENTARISM, POLITICIANS, REPRESENTATIVES, DEMOCRACY

CONGRESS: It could probably be shown by facts and figures that the only distinctly native American criminal class is Congress." - Mark Twain – PARLIAMENTS, DEMOCRACY, LEGISLATION, LAWS, JOKES

CONGRESS: Now, folks, why patronise California-made productions? The Capitol Comedy Co. of Washington, D.C. have never made a failure. They are everyone, 100%  funny, or 100%  sad." - Will Rogers, Autobiography, p.78. - JOKES

CONGRESS: Since Congress makes the laws they are under the delusion that anything they do is legal, no matter if it is unwise, unethical, or un-Constitutional." - Jim Babka - PARLIAMENTS, LAWS, POLITICIANS, ETHICS

CONGRESS: Suppose you were an idiot. And suppose you were a member of Congress. But I repeat myself." - Mark Twain - JOKES

CONGRESS: They have an unwritten law here in Congress, that a new member is not allowed to say anything when he first gets in, and another unwritten law that whatever he says afterwards is not to amount to anything." - Will Rogers. - PARTY DISCIPLINE, JOKES

CONGRESS: This country has come to feel the same when Congress is in session, as we do when the baby gets hold of a hammer. It's just a question of how much damage he can do with it before we can take it away from him. Well, in sixteen months these babies have left a record of devastation." - Will Rogers, Autobiography, p.229. – CONGRESS, LAWS, LEGISLATION, JOKES

CONGRESS: Today's session was very congenial. They met, prayed, and adjourned." - Will Rogers. - JOKES

CONGRESS: Wall Photos – showing the percentage of Millionaires in Congress, ca. 50% - and at the right side, for the people, 1%. - Those among the people are mainly makers. Those in Congress are mainly fakers and takers. – JZ, 1.11.11, rev., 12.10.12. – At least this is not another attack at competitive corporations but, rather, at the BIG and very uncompetitive Big Brother of legally privileged corporations. – JZ, 1.11.11. -  VS. THE MAJORITY OF THE PEOPLE

CONGRESS: When Congress is wrong we charge it to habit." - Will Rogers, Autobiography, 228. - JOKES

CONGRESS: You could transfer the Senate and Congress over to run the Standard Oil or General Motors and they would have both things bankrupt in two years." - Will Rogers, Autobiography, p.193. - JOKES


CONNIVERS: The melancholy truth is that the world and its people are not run by persons who think, but by persons who connive." – Dagobert D. Runes, Handbook of Reason, p.43. - RULERS, LEADERSHIP, THINKERS, POLITICIANS, PHILOSOPHERS, REPRESENTATIVES, CONSPIRACY, PROPAGANDA, DEMOCRACY, PUBLIC OPINION, LOBBIES, PRESSURE GROUPS, MONOPOLISM, PRIVILEGES, TERRITORIALISM.

CONQUESTS: According to Taoist ethics 'Weapons are the instruments of misfortune, not of honour. The wise man conquers unwillingly.'" - Solzhenitsyn, First Circle, p.43. – He tries to describe or set better and attractive examples and trades freely and cooperates with other volunteers – but he also defends himself when attacked. – He welcomes refugees and deserters, rather than fights them as slave labourers and conscripts of a tyrannical government. - JZ, 22.7.13. - WEAPONS, WARS, EMPIRES, HONOUR, DEFENCE VS. AGGRESSION

CONQUESTS: Conscience and individual rights and liberties above obedience. – JZ, 73, 22.7.13.

CONQUESTS: everything will be conquered." - A communist professor in "Conquered City" by Victor Serge, 23. - Nothing can be permanently conquered! - JZ, 6.4.94. - But it is possible to shut up people for long periods or to bury them permanently. - JZ, 20.6.94. – COMMUNISM, DICTATORSHIP, TOTALITARIANISM, IMPERIALISM

CONQUESTS: From this moment, which they regarded as the completion of their glory, historians date their downfall... When a trading nation begins to act the conqueror, it is then perfectly undone..." - Oliver Goldsmith, The Citizen of the World, p.66. – TRADE, FREE TRADE, COLONIALISM

CONQUESTS: if conquest by unprovoked attack was a crime, in the same sense or the same degree as poisoning a man to obtain his property, history must undergo a fundamental revision, and all respect for sovereign authority must be banished from the world." - Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History, p. 275. – NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTS, HISTORY

CONQUESTS: One who conquers others is powerful, but one who conquers himself is mighty.” - Lao-Tzu, in Peter Mayer, editor, The Pacifist Conscience, a Pelican Book, paper back, 1966, p.33. – Are e.g. monks and nuns mighty? Perhaps Lao-Tzu meant: One who controls his own life, in the meaning of Rose Wilder Lane? There are so many different translations of his work. – JZ, 11.9.08. - POWER, MIGHT, CONTROLLING THE OWN ENERGIES

CONQUESTS: The only true conquests - those which awaken no regret - are those obtained over ignorance. The most honourable, as the most useful of pursuits, is that which contributes to the extension of human intellect." - Napoleon. – So why did he fight one battle after the other, one war after the other? – JZ, 11.11.10. – IGNORANCE, ENLIGHTENMENT, INTELLECT

CONQUESTS: Woe to the conq'ering, not the conquer'd host." - Byron, Childe Harold, Canto i, st. 25.

CONSCIENCE: A man's own conscience is his sole tribunal; and he should care no more for that phantom, opinion, than he should fear meeting a ghost if he crosses a churchyard at dark." - Lord Lytton. - PUBLIC OPINION, PREJUDICES, COMMON SENSE, NATURAL RIGHTS, NATURAL LAW, HUMAN RIGHTS.

CONSCIENCE: A social conscience never can be an effective substitute for the individual conscience." - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.28.

CONSCIENCE: A twinge of conscience in a man's heart is better than all the floggings he may receive." - Beracot, 12b. - Quoted in The Wisdom of Israel, ed. by Lewis Browne. - PUNISHMENT, SELF-CONTROL

CONSCIENCE: Act on your conscience, not merely on orders. But make sure your conscience is based on moral sense, reasoning and judgement. - JZ, 11.2.73, 21.6.94. – And your actions on prudence. – JZ, 27.11.08.

CONSCIENCE: Among nineteenth century moral philosophers, 'conscience' was an important, even pre-eminent, concept.” - Francis Wayland, in The Elements of Moral Science, 1835, described the conscience as the judiciary branch of the moral life, which restrains: 'our appetites within such limits that the gratification of them will injure neither ourselves nor others; and ... restricts the pursuit of happiness within such limits as shall not interfere with the happiness of others.' - The judgements or decisions of this faculty are not difficult to comprehend: 'we are all endowed with conscience, or a faculty for discerning a moral quality in human actions, impelling us towards right and dissuading us from wrong', moreover, 'the dictates of this faculty are felt and known to be of supreme authority.'" – Charles Chiveley, Introduction to Lysander Spooner, Works, I, p. 45, quoting Wayland from the Harvard, 1963 edition of Joseph Balu, Xliii, 58& 74. – All the consciences of billions of people have so far not yet induced them to finally attempt to provide an as complete declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties as could and should be provided by now. Reliance merely upon “conscience”, “moral sense”, dignity, privacy, civil rights, legislation, constitutions, government courts and police forces, as well as UN declarations are VERY insufficient substitutes for such a declaration. Nevertheless, it has not yet been provided and so far no one seems to be interested except myself, in tackling this job, although the very survival of mankind may depend upon it. – JZ, 31.1.13. – HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS DECLARATION, COMPLETE & AS CLEAR AS POSSIBLE NOW, MORALITY, ETHICS, NATURAL LAW, NATURAL RIGHTS, FIRST PRINCIPLES, GENUINE DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES, JUSTICE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, CONSITTUT

CONSCIENCE: And we must forge in the smithy of our souls the uncreated conscience of our species." - Pope Stephen I, Unus Corpus, quoted by R. A. Wilson, Schroedinger's Cat: The Trick Top Hat, p. 139.

CONSCIENCE: As in the days of the Caesars of old, conscience has given way to a moral void in which the people become the accomplices of their own enslavement, without regret, without remorse, approving of their own abasement." - R. V. Sampson, The Discovery  of Peace, p.69. - SANCTION OF THE VICTIM, MORALITY, RESPONSIBILITY, DECISION, SELF-ABASEMENT, SUBORDINATION, STATISM

CONSCIENCE: Being conscientious means being aware of the rights and liberties of others as indicating one's duties to respect their rights. - JZ, on reading George Seldes, The Great Quotations, on Conscience.

CONSCIENCE: Can a man serve his country, who does not even serve his own conscience? - JZ, 24.1.94. - With the excuse that one serves one's country, one all to often disobeys one's conscience, if any is left, after such a service. - JZ, 21.6.94. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

CONSCIENCE: Churches come and go, but there has ever been but one religion. The only religion is conscience in action." - Henry Demarest Lloyd. – Alas, among most people it is almost as vague as it is in most religions. – JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCIENCE: Conscience above obedience! - JZ, 20.6.73. – But it must be a conscience, which is sufficiently guided by knowledge and appreciation of genuine individual rights and liberties for all sufficiently rational beings. – JZ, 22.7.13.

CONSCIENCE: Conscience is an instinct to judge ourselves in the light of moral laws. It is not a mere faculty; it is an instinct." - Immanuel Kant, Lecture at Koenigsberg, 1775. – An instinct is not a sufficient guide for a moral and rational being. Nor are governmental declaration of human rights sufficiently good guides. They all too often misguide and leave out important rights and liberties. – JZ, 19.11.08. – Compare my anthology of over 130 PRIOVATE declarations of human rights and liberties, as opposed to the governmental ones. It is reproduced on a disc at, in PEACE PLANS 589/590. – INSTINCTS, EMOTIONS, FEELINGS, MORAL SENSE

CONSCIENCE: Conscience is the father that has become impersonal." - Lohberger. – Have mothers no influence at all on developing the conscience of their children? – JZ, 31.1.13.

CONSCIENCE: Conscience is the guardian in the individual of the rules which the community has evolved for its own preservation." - W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, 1919, p. 14. – Alas, the development of such rules by “society” or “communities” and especially by territorial States, does still leave VERY much to be desired. The territorial power-mongers still leave as much as possible to their own discretion and their subjects and victims do all too meekly, unresistingly as well as thoughtlessly or prejudiced and ignorant submit to their powers or resist them only in thoughtless, ignorant, prejudiced or violent ways, because they are not sufficiently aware of all their individual rights and liberties either – and do not care enough about them. – JZ, 31.1.13.

CONSCIENCE: Conscience is the law of law." - Lamartine. – One’s territorial laws ought to become changed to personal laws, individually chosen with the political, economic and social system and community or society that one prefers for oneself. – JZ, 27.11.08, 11.11.10, 31.1.13. – I see the “law of law” rather in an as complete and clear declaration of all individual rights and liberties as could and should be compiled as soon as possible by all genuine peace- freedom and justice lovers, who are no longer satisfied with all too general phrases. – JZ, 22.7.13. - PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP

CONSCIENCE: Conscience is to the individual what law is to society: a disciplinary force which gives us freedom because it frees us from irresponsible actions - by ourselves in one case and by others in the other case. Man differs from animals in obeying his conscience, rather than his fear of punishment. But we have not universalised our conscience. NATIONS covet each other's possessions and try to impose their ideologies on others, committing unspeakable crimes in the name of 'the good of society'.” - H. P., PRAJ, 28 904, reviewing Holt, George C.: Conscience, WORLD FEDERALIST, April-May 1966, p.6. – MORALITY, ETHICS, JUSTICE, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL LIBERTIES, NATURAL LAW, NATURAL RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS

CONSCIENCE: Conscience is, in most men, an anticipation of the opinion of others." - Henry Taylor, The Statesman, 1836. - Without individual liberty it will rarely ever fully develop. - We would never learn to run if we were always kept in chains. - JZ, 21.6.94. – PUBLIC OPINION PRESSURE, MOSTLY MISINFORMED & MISGUIDING.

CONSCIENCE: Conscience should dictate all our actions." - Source? - Yes, provided it is based on a rational morality and this requires at least that the actions are confined to one's own affairs. - JZ, n.d., in seventies.

CONSCIENCE: Conscience without judgement is superstition." - Benjamin Whichcote, Moral and Religious Aphorisms, 1753.

CONSCIENCE: Conscience, or Law and Order. Manifestly, you can no longer adhere to both." - Terry, Mike, Del, in RESISTANCE, U.K., vol. 4, No. 4.

CONSCIENCE: Conscience, with most people, is the expectation of the opinions of others." - Taylor. - That would not be so wrong, in the individual case, with those who remained perpetual children, if only the consciences of most others are sufficiently informed and trained. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCIENCE: Deep in our souls lies an inborn principle of justice and virtue, according to which we judge our actions and those of others, whether they are good or evil. And to this principle I give the name conscience." - J. J. Rousseau, Emile, - Translated from a German version. JZ – An all too vague principle or feeling is just not good enough, Nor are the Ten Commandments, nor any of the governmental declarations of human rights. We need a new, correct and complete one, compiled, thoroughly discussed and optimally expressed and published one, produced by genuine lovers of liberty, justice and peace. – JZ, 19.11.08. – However, is anyone interested in working towards such a declaration? I made a start by compiling over 130 PRIVATE declaration as a basis for discussion and collection of materials, offered as part of a CD at  – JZ, 27.11.08, 31.1.13. - MORALITY, JUSTICE, RIGHT, NATURAL LAW, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

CONSCIENCE: Don't you see that that blessed conscience of yours is nothing but other people inside you?" - Luigi Pirandello, Each in His Own Way, 1924, 1, tr. Arthur Livingston. – Well, should we rather act as if other people did not exist or had no value at all – unless they became our humble followers or slaves? – Should we not always be conscious of and respect the rights and liberties of other people? – JZ, 19.11.08. –  – IRRATIONAL EGOISM, TOTALITARIANISM, CONSIDERATION FOR OTHERS, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES

CONSCIENCE: Even towards the law, the duty of the citizen to collaborate is not absolute. For his supreme duty, at least in an individualist culture, is not towards the law but towards his conscience." - Leopold Kohr, Weniger Staat, p.74. – Panarchism amounts to conscientious objection, recognized and generalized. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSCIENCE: Even when there is no law, there is conscience." - Publius Syrus, Moral Sayings, 1st c. B.C., 237, tr. Darius Lyman. – Neither laws, constitutions nor jurisdictions or the Common Law, Governmental Bills of Rights, or Common Law or UN declarations have ever been good enough moral or ethical guides, so far. Nor have any religions, churches and sects. – JZ, 31.1.13. - LAWS, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, MORALITY, ETHICS

CONSCIENCE: Evil is never done so thoroughly and so well as when it is done with a good conscience." - Ralph Bradford, in THE FREEMAN, Aug. 74, ascribes the above as probably a remark by Pascal. - "Good conscience" is not good enough any more when ignorance, prejudice, myths or rationalisations have destroyed it or prevented its development. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCIENCE: Finally, in his brilliant argument between his imaginary opponent and himself, he faces the root question: how can the right survive the violence of so many vested interests' injustice? In logic he concedes that it might be extinguished forever. But humanly this is impossible, because the human conscience always protests. Men thieve, but they will never prescribe theft. They lie, but they will never decree falsehood. Falsehood wears many faces, in politics, 'raison d’état'; in economics, 'laissez faire'; in religion, 'faith above morality'; in aesthetics, 'art for art's sake'. Against all the forces of reaction, its metaphysic, its machiavellism, its army, religion and courts, Proudhon appeals solely to the voice of the free human conscience, and he is confident that that is a sufficient shield." - R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, on Pierre Joseph Proudhon, p.103. – Obviously, it was never and nowhere a quite sufficient shield. – JZ, 31.1.13.

CONSCIENCE: for 20 years in the Soviet Union, for a shorter time in other communist countries - there has been developing a liberation of the human spirit. New generations are growing up which are not willing to accept unprincipled compromises, which prefer to lose everything - salary, conditions of existence, life itself - rather than to sacrifice conscience, to make deals with evil..." – A. Solzhenitsyn, in READER’S DIGEST, Nov. 75, p.48. - Alas, even after their limited liberation they still do not know and appreciate enough about individual liberty and rights. One of the reasons for this is the fact that all freedom writings have still not been made fully, easily and cheaply available, at least on alternative media like microfiche, floppy disks and CDs. - JZ, 3.10.02. – Moreover, libertarians and anarchists have not yet bothered to draft, between them, a complete code of individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCIENCE: Freedom involves conscience, and conscience is strictly an individual matter. 'Conscience is the soul of freedom', said Thomas Merton, 'its eyes, its energy, its life. Without conscience, freedom never knows what to do with itself. And a rational being who does not know what to do with himself, finds the tedium of life unbearable. He is literally bored to death’.” - Thomas Frederick O'Connell, THE FREEMAN, 11/73.

CONSCIENCE: God has delegated himself to a million deputies." - Emerson, "Worship", The Conduct of Life, 1860. – Why only a million? What a creation or what “children” of “God”, when only a million of them are provided with a conscience? – JZ, 19.11.08. - GOD

CONSCIENCE: He made his conscience not his guide but his accomplice." - Benjamin Disraeli, on Gladstone, quoted in N.Y. TIMES, October 20, 1947.

CONSCIENCE: Henry David Thoreau, the famous civil resistant,  was most sympathetic to the abolitionist cause. Thoreau was influenced by his friendship with Ralph Waldo Emerson, who in turn was an admirer of William Lloyd Garrison. All three shared in common the idea of individual conscience standing in opposition to the State. The core of Thoreau's argument is that men become machines when they obey orders without thinking or when they give the government authority to speak or act on their behalf. 'Must the citizen... resign his conscience to the legislator?', Thoreau asked. 'Why has every man a conscience, then? I think that we should be men first...'" - Source?

CONSCIENCE: I am a conscientious objector against military-, school- , union- , tax- and State-slavery, also a conscientious objector against the notion that such a conscientious objection would require official recognition and sanction before it can be considered as conscientious. - JZ, 27.5.83. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM

CONSCIENCE: I am liberating man from the degrading chimera known as conscience." - Adolf Hitler. – If he condemned it then it must, obviously, still have had some value in the minds of many Germans. – JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCIENCE: I do not want to please anyone but my conscience." - Dagobert D. Runes, Handbook of Reason, p.45.

CONSCIENCE: I trust nobody with my conscience but myself! - JZ, 26.4.83.

CONSCIENCE: If I could have entertained the slightest apprehension that the Constitution framed in the Convention when I had the honor to preside, might possibly endanger the religious rights of any ecclesiastical society, certainly I would never have placed my signature to it; and if I could not conceive that the general government might be so administered as to render the liberty of conscience insecure, I beg you will be persuaded that no one would be more zealous than myself to establish effectual barriers against the horrors of spiritual tyranny and every specious of religious persecution." - George Washington. - Too many people want to confine liberty of conscience only to religious prosecution and not to conscientious dissent with imposed political, economic and social systems. - Government "laws" have by now assured that in practice the tax department decides who is allowed to form a sect or church that is recognized by it and safe from some of its tributes. - JZ, 21.6.94. – There are still too many who see only the religious or anti-religious aspects of “freedom of conscience”. – JZ, 19.11.08. – PERSONAL LAW OR VOLUNTARISM OR INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY VS. TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

CONSCIENCE: If you fear that people will know, don't do it.” - Chinese Proverb. - THINK, FEAR, ACTIONS, DECISION, PUBLICITY

CONSCIENCE: In matters of conscience, the law of majority has no place. Also: The only tyrant I accept in this world is the still voice within. -  Mahatma Gandhi – in  - (Mohandas Gandhi) & MAJORITY, TYRANNY

CONSCIENCE: In one of his challenging aphorisms Lord Acton declared the emancipation of conscience from authority to be the main content of modern history. In Communist states the flowering of the individual is frustrated and the claims of conscience contemptuously ignored." - G. P. Gooch, quoted in: C. Bingham, Men & Affairs, p.254.

CONSCIENCE: Intelligence separated from conscience is the most despicable of all tools." - Benjamin Considerant, Der Geist der Usurpation, p.31.

CONSCIENCE: It is truly enough said, that a corporation has no conscience; but a corporation of conscientious men is a corporation WITH a conscience." - Thoreau, Civil Disobedience, p. 111.

CONSCIENCE: Labour to keep alive in your breast that little spark of celestial fire, conscience.” – George Washington. - quoted in: Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, p.122. – From his tenants G. W. demanded payment in rare metal coins, while he paid off his soldiers with depreciated paper money, after first having them marched into the wilderness. – He followed his conscience only when it suited him. - JZ, 11.9.07.

CONSCIENCE: Lord Acton, 'the greatest historian of liberty', once wrote: 'Liberalism is ultimately founded on the idea of conscience.' Throughout his life, these were his two great concerns: freedom and morality. He was absolutely convinced one could not exist without the other and that both were required for the fulfilment of man's purpose on his earth." - Robert L. Schuettinger. – But even Action did not attempt, to my knowledge, to spell out what he held to be morality, conscience or ethics in a detailed code of individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCIENCE: Must the citizen ever for a moment, or in the least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? – Why has every man a conscience then?” – Henry David Thoreau, 1849. – CONSCIENCE, LAWS, LEGISLATORS

CONSCIENCE: My conscience is the twin of my reason." - Hans Rehfisch, Obert Chabert, I, Delbecq.

CONSCIENCE: Never do anything against conscience even if the State demands it." - Albert Einstein, SATURDAY REVIEW, obituary April 30, 1955. – Men with a sufficiently developed conscience would not tolerate any territorial State but work towards the abolition of all of them. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSCIENCE: Never does our conscience remain more calm than when riding on the waves of common indignation." - Cybinsky. ("allgemeine Entruestung": anger, disgust, fury?)

CONSCIENCE: No man can be justified in setting up his judgement as a standard for others. ... (Man) must consult his own reason, draw his own conclusions, and conscientiously conform himself to his ideas of propriety. ... For that purpose each must have his sphere of discretion. No man must encroach upon my province, nor I upon his. He may advise me, moderately and without pertinaciousness, but he must not expect to dictate to me. He may censure me freely and without reserve; but she should remember that I am to act by my deliberation and not his." – William Godwin, Justice.

CONSCIENCE: Nobody has the right to substitute his own conscience for that of another, for progress depends on PERSONAL EFFORT, and to suppress this effort constitutes a crime." - Lecomte du Nouey, Human Destiny, 87, quoted by Leonard E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, p.24.

CONSCIENCE: Nothing in the world is easier deceived, not even women and princes, than the conscience." - Jean Paul - Like the muscles, it needs training and constant practice - and that requires individual liberty. - JZ, 21.6.94. – An un-developed or under-developed conscience is not good enough. – Was it the ancient Persians, who trained their youths in nothing but arms and ethics? – Ethics and morality was altogether missing in my 12 years of schooling, 1939-1951! – It should have played a large rule in education at least after the Nazi regime was overthrown. - JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCIENCE: People with a conscience are all too often considered mad. - JZ, 15.11.76. - On the other hand, sometimes they earn a grudging respect even from their enemies. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCIENCE: Refuse to abdicate your conscience to the government. - JZ, free after a remark by barrister Mr P. Cummings regarding draft resister Ian Turner, THE AUSTRALIAN, Jan. 22, 72.

CONSCIENCE: That every man should regulate his actions by his own conscience, without any regard to the opinions of the rest of the world, is one of the first precepts of moral prudence." - Samuel Johnson, The Rambler, p.23. – PUBLIC OPINION

CONSCIENCE: The conscience of a people is their power." - Dryden, The Duke of Guise, Act i, sc. 1. – Alas, it is still all too much in the power of ignorance and prejudice. – JZ, 19.11.08. – I would rather rely on a militia of volunteers, which knows all individual rights and liberties and how to uphold them effectively, to the extent that their protection is desired in any community of volunteers or by any involuntary victims of territorialism. – How often has the “conscience” of “the people” really been all powerful in upholding all genuine individual rights and liberties? I do not know even of a single case. Do you? - JZ, 31.1.13. – POWER, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, POPULAR ERRORS, MYTHS, FALSE ASSUMPTIONS & CONCLUSIONS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

CONSCIENCE: The detonations which shake the world are no more than faint vibrations by the time they reach the middle-class homes and proletarian hovels; if the nations do not revolt more frequently it is only because they do not know what to revolt against. The optimistically conceived phrase that life goes on, is in fact a measure of the damnation of the world: life goes on, because human conscience is lifeless. Birth and death, pregnancy and sickness, poverty and toil, a roof, warmth, copulation - even in the most glorious hours of mankind these remains the symbols of a life that goes on, of hope springing anew, and of rebellion withering." - Hans Habe, Off Limits, p.119. - Governments are not only mass murder organizations that destroy bodies but also massive organizations that mislead and destroy consciences, moral instincts, individual rights and liberties and minds, on a massive scale. - JZ, 21.6.94, 31.1.13.

CONSCIENCE: The fact that human conscience remains partially infantile throughout life is the core of human tragedy." - Erik H. Erikson, Childhood and Society, 1950, p.7. - With so many spheres for rightful actions partly or completely pre-empted by governments, the moral sense or conscience remains under-exercised and we remain immature and irresponsible to some extent, in a nation-wide and monopolistic governmental kinder-gardens with compulsory attendance and obedience until we die. - JZ, 21.6.94. – TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, STATISM, WELFARE STATES, TYRANNIES ETC.

CONSCIENCE: the familiar fact that the corporate conscience is ever inferior to the individual conscience - that a body of men will commit as a joint act, that which every individual of them would shrink from, did he feel personally responsible." - Herbert Spencer, quoted in S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.432. - COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY

CONSCIENCE: The First Amendment, which forbids affirmative government promotion of religion as such as well as interference with free speech, symbolizes the policy against government involvement in matters of individual conscience.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.306. – Alas, he did not consider, that freedom of conscience requires much more than non-involvement and non-intervention with religious beliefs and convictions and free speech etc. It should include non-intervention with any ethical, moral or ideological system, even in the political, economic and social sphere, that is confined to voluntary members and subjects, under personal laws and exterritorial autonomy. To keep the peace between us we need now full freedom and tolerance for such secular “churches” or movements as much as we did need it once in the sphere of religion. – But here JFJ is still stuck upon territorialism and the limited government concept, as if all people were prepared to subscribe to it. As if some people were not prepared to go beyond it, for their own affairs. - JZ, 2.10.07. – INDIVIDUAL CONSCIENCE GOES MUCH BEYOND RELIGIOUS BELIEFS

CONSCIENCE: The more conscience comes to the front, the more we consider, not what the state accomplishes, but what it allows to be accomplished." - Lord Acton, Cambridge University Library, Add. MSS, 5011: 235. - I would add: 'and what it prevents us from achieving!' - JZ, 8.8.86. - Does the reference "ADD. MSS etc." mean that there are still many unpublished manuscripts of Lord Action at the Cambridge University Library, i.e., that they have not even been microfilmed or scanned? Friends of freedom thinkers, unite sufficiently to get all their freedom writings cheaply and permanently accessible at least on microfiche, floppy disks or CDs - or do so independently. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCIENCE: The only tyrant I accept in this world is the 'still small voice' within me." - Mahatma Gandhi, READER’S DIGEST, Jan. 64. - MORAL SENSE, SELF-CONTROL, SELF-DISCIPLINE, SELF-RELIANCE, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, DUTY, ETHICS, MORALITY

CONSCIENCE: The severest punishment suffered by a sensitive mind, for injury inflicted upon another, is the consciousness of having done it. - Hosea Ballou - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

CONSCIENCE: There is no reason why I should let my freedom be called in question by another man's conscience." - St. Paul, Corinthians, The Bible. - Conscientious people are all too often not sufficiently conscious of the own rights and liberties and of those of others. So far only very few understand the conscience case in details and apply it as the law of equal freedom, and of equal rights for all, or as the 'categorical imperative'. - JZ, 4.4.89. – However, no one should be forced to practise all of his genuine individual rights and liberties. It suffices that he respects or at least tolerates the practice of these liberties and rights among those, who do appreciate them. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSCIENCE: There is no substitute for conscience, unless it's living in a small town." - D. W. P., READER’S DIGEST, 8/72.

CONSCIENCE: they had set up the god of personal conscience on the stained altar of legitimate authority.” – Leo P. Kelley, The Earth Tripper, 1973, 1974, p.108/08. - LEGITIMACY AUTHORITY

CONSCIENCE: Those who deny it are, rather, unconscious. - JZ, 12.7.86, 11.11.10.

CONSCIENCE: True conscience is the determination to will only that which in itself and for itself is good." - Hegel. ("Das wahrhafte Gewissen ist die Gesinnung, das, was an und fuer sich gut ist, zu wollen.")

CONSCIENCE: Trust that man in nothing who has not a conscience in everything." - Laurence Sterne, Sermons, 1760 - 69, p.27. - TRUST

CONSCIENCE: Well, most people, again, in common sense, have come to know that the so-called will of the majority must never be an excuse for a lapse of conscience by any person. Conservatives who betray their conscience when the majority speaks are the truest collectivists, believing only in an arithmetical mass majority, a set of numbers that rules their lives, sets the rules, overwhelms their conscience." - Karl Hess, Dear America, p.5. – MAJORITIES, VOTING, DEMOCRACY

CONSCIENCE: were the impulses of conscience clear and irresistibly obeyed, man would need no other law-giver." - Thomas Paine, quoted by Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.52. - Conscience, informed, rational and trained, when supported by natural law awareness and competing protection agencies, courts, police and prison systems and, ultimately, by an ideal militia for the protection of individual rights, can become all-powerful and definitely can do without the laws and rules imposed by territorial politicians. - JZ, 21.11.82. – However, can any conscience become fully developed without an ideal declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 19.11.08. – LAWS, GOVERNMENTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, Q.

CONSCIENCE: You will notice that we placed freedom of conscience at the head of our list of rights, for we knew that if a man could not freely exercise his conscience, he could not develop it fully. And a man without conscience is a man without honor. Likewise with the nation." - Jackson Pemberton, THE FREEMAN, August 76.

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION: Conscientious Objection and Alternative Self-Help services - All Around! - JZ, 29.8.88, 21.6.94.

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION: Conscientious Objection is incomplete if confined only to armed services and thus not opposed e.g. to taxes, compulsory unionism, central banking, protectionism, compulsory State membership and, quite generally, to territorialism. - JZ, 9.12.87, 21.6.94, 19.11.09. - PANARCHISM.

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION: Conscientious Objection ought to be comprehensive and include a conscientious objection against ANY suppression of human rights, i.e. opposition against the territorial and coercive State, opposition even against the suppression of the right to bear arms and to train and organize for the defence of individual rights and liberties, rather than for the aims of some governments. - JZ, 17.5.89.

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION: It should be extended from refusals to become a military slave to refusals to remain victims of territorial States, their legislation and institutions, especially their monetary and financial despotism (taxation and regulated capital markets). - JZ, 1.10.12.

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION: Sometime they'll give a war and no one will come." - Carl Sandburg, The People, Yes, 1936. - Once the people themselves and directly decided upon war and peace, their aims and conditions, on war prevention, and its conduct, when they decided for it, then, in most cases, no one or not enough would come to conduct any aggressive war. - JZ,21.6.94, 3.10.02. - Compare Dwight D. Eisenhower: "The people like peace so much that governments had better get out of their way and let them have it." - DECISION, DISARMAMENT, PEOPLE, DEMOCRACY, TREATIES, WAR, PEACE, GOVERNMENTS

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION: the need of pressing for the recognition of the human right of conscientious objection ON ALL LEVELS..." - THE PEACEMAKER, Nov./Dec. 1968, Croydon, Vic., Australia.

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION: The sheep protest, however vainly. - First let them arm and train you. Then re-organise and re-motivate yourself - and fight back, for your rights and liberties, your own peace aims and against their war aims. - JZ, 30.11.92, 21.6.94

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION: War will exist until that distant day when the conscientious objector enjoys the same reputation and prestige that the warrior enjoys today.” – John F Kennedy. – As if we were still nations of warriors and of voluntary taxpayers than conscripts, tax-slaves and more or less forced labor victims during wars and during the preparations of governments for the next war. - Disobedient soldiers, with a good peace program, are more likely to end or prevent a war than mere conscientious objectors. Any powerful territorial government can take the latter in its stride. JFK should have known that. – JZ, 23.10.07.

CONSCIOUSNESS: Dr David Finkelstein, the physicist, got into a rap with me about Consciousness. I was hearing everything with capitals by then. It isn't every day that you can feel yourself standing, as R. Buckminster Fuller says we all stand, between Utopia and Oblivion." - R. A. Wilson, Right Where You Are Sitting Now, p.44. - We rather stand, compulsorily, and more or less passively, mentally as well as physically, within a coercive territorial distopia and at the edge of the oblivion it threatens us with, rather than standing up for our rightful utopias, for ourselves, and for all other utopias for all those who want them, turning our backs on all coercive distopias and thus pushing back the threat of oblivion. - JZ, 21.6.94, 31.1.13. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, TERRITORIALISM, TOLERANCE, PANARCHISM

CONSCIOUSNESS: Dr Finkelstein was intrigued by the eye-in-triangle design that I use as a motif in all my books. He said that to him the eye represented Consciousness, the triangle represented Matter, and the combination indicated that Consciousness was an emergent property of Matter." - R. A. Wilson, Right Where You Are Sitting Now, p.44. - Instead of "Matter" I would rather say: "Life". - JZ

CONSCIOUSNESS: nobody is truly sane until he feels gratitude to the whole universe." - Oscar Schazo, quoted by R. A. Wilson, Cosmic Trigger, p.232. - By all means: "Count your blessings", & "Life be in it", "Make the best out of your life!", "Love life and respect it", "Develop your whole potential!" etc., etc. But to whom CAN we be grateful, when the gift is not personal? Gratefulness is the rational and emotional response to some special gift from some special person. I doubt that one can be truly grateful to the universe. It includes too much senselessness, pain and destruction for people who want to live. - JZ, 21.6.94. – Should we be grateful that we are still kept in ignorance or under prejudices against many genuine individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 31.1.13 - APPRECIATION, AWARENESS, MAN, NATURE, LIFE, UNIVERSAL CONSCIOUSNESS? , COSMIC CONSCIOUSNESS

CONSCIOUSNESS: such consciousness as we possess is but an infinitesimal perception of Infinite Consciousness." – Leonard E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, p.27. – I for one would already be satisfied if most of the world’s adult population became aware of all their genuine individual rights and liberties, instead of remaining playthings in the hands of power-mad territorial rulers. – JZ, 31.1.13.

CONSCIOUSNESS: The method, not its application, is as simple as a-b-c. The solution lies in an expanding consciousness of freedom and its miraculous workings, and skilful exposition thereof by those who attain it. Consciousness - thinking, perceiving, understanding, attaining wisdom - is personal and individual. The only consciousness any individual can improve or expand is his own. Therefore, achieving the freedom objective involves nothing less than the widening of one's own consciousness! Nothing less than life's most difficult task. - Why is this simple solution so little recognized, as if it were a secret; or so hesitatingly accepted, as if it were something unpleasant? Why do so many regard as hopeless the broadening of the single consciousness over which the individual has some control while not even questioning their ability to stretch the consciousness of others over which they have no control at all?" - L. E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership. - Thoughts like this made me interested in publishing only "upon demand". They relate also to projects like this SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY encyclopaedia, the LMP project, the Ideas Archive project and many others offered in my PEACE PLANS series. - JZ, 21.6.94. – DECLARATION OF ALL GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

CONSCIOUSNESS: The object to be achieved is of the highest order: understanding freedom. The method must fit the problem. It can consist of nothing less than an increasing consciousness of freedom and the ideas appertaining thereto." - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.130. - So far FEE is still not aware that to become aware of all freedom options, it, too, ought to do its bit to make all of them permanently and cheaply accessible, at least on microfiche, discs or online. FEE, to my knowledge has made no progress in this direction during almost half a century, in spite of several reminders by myself. However, at least it does not sit like St. George the Dragon on its copyrights, for most of its o.o.p. and current writings, and some of its members have helped by providing LMP with texts for microfilming. My thanks to them. Perhaps the proverb: "No institution can help being an institution!" - applies to FEE, too? - JZ, 21.6.94. – At least by now FEE has put all of the issues of THE FREEMAN online. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSCIOUSNESS: The point is that all consciousness is real, but some is beneficial, some pernicious, and some irrelevant." - Silvert, Man's Power, p.51.

CONSCIOUSNESS: Whether individual liberties are more ceded than expropriated is anyone's guess. Most persons are no more conscious of liberty than of the air they breathe; thus liberty is rarely prized and seldom defended, except in instances of sudden constraints. Let the authoritarian suddenly outlaw the eating of bread, and the people will rise in wrath, claiming an affront to their liberty. But if the authoritarian installs programs which will eventually diminish what we eat, by an oblique and a gradual approach - inflation, controls, paying farmers not to farm, and workers not to work, et cetera - few voices will be raised: hardly a person will sense any loss of liberty, any more than one senses each day that he is older than the day before!” - Leonard E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, 129. – LAWS, GRADUALISM, SANCTION OF THE VICTIMS, SALAMI TACTICS, STATISM

CONSCRIPTION: A camouflage term for military servitude. - JZ, n.d.

CONSCRIPTION: A common and natural result of an undue respect for law is, that you may see a file of soldiers, colonel, captain, corporal, privates, powder-monkeys, and all, marching in admirable (*) order over hill and dale to the wars, against their wills, ay, against their common sense and consciences, which makes it very steep marching indeed, and produces a palpitation of the heart. They have no doubt that it is a damnable business in which they are concerned; they are all peaceably inclined. Now, what are they? Men at all? or small movable forts and magazines, at the service of some unscrupulous man in power? Visit the Navy-Yard, and behold a marine, such a man as an American government can make, or such as it can make a man with its black arts - a mere shadow and reminiscence of humanity, a man laid out alive and standing, and already as one may say, buried under arms with funeral accompaniments, though it may be ..." - Thoreau, Civil Disobedience. – (*) Why is their enforced “order” admirable? - JZ )

CONSCRIPTION: A country has no right to force men into involuntary servitude." - Ayn Rand, PLAYBOY interview. – Not of any kind! – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSCRIPTION: A draft card is like a deed of ownership." - David Harris, in PROTOS, Nov. 70. – SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

CONSCRIPTION: A free country, that is a country in which men are free to live their own lives, has no need of FORCING men into the armed forces." - Robert Champlin, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75.

CONSCRIPTION: A people that relies on a permanent system of compulsory military service resembles the statesman who declared himself ready to sacrifice not only a part, but the whole of the constitution, in order to preserve the remainder. (*) It is a system by which one great liberty is surrendered and all are imperilled, and it is a surrender not of rights only, but also of power." - Lord Acton. in a private letter to his good friend Mandell, according to Martin Anderson’s “Conscription, A Selected and Annotated Bibliography”, Hoover Institution Press, Stanford, Cal. 94305.– (*) What remainder? - JZ CONSTITUTIONALISM, LIBERTY

CONSCRIPTION: After one form of aggression is legislated or dictated, what prevents the enactment of another? For example, if it is permissible to draft men into the military, why not, then, draft teachers into schools and workers into factories? Where's the limit? In fact, a number of U.S. politicians introduced legislation to draft workers into war related industries during WW II. Why not? They ‘reasoned’, Hitler was doing it." - SLL leaflet: - VOLUNTARISM.

CONSCRIPTION: All crimes perpetrated by government against 'its' citizens are variations of the concept of conscription (taxation, regulation of trade and commerce, wage and price-controls, to name but a few). ..." - Robert Champlin, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75.

CONSCRIPTION: Any government that depends on a draft to protect itself is not worth defending." - Fritz Knese, THE CONNECTION 119, p.119, 29.April 84.

CONSCRIPTION: Being forced to give up several years of their lives to the government in order to avoid being imprisoned as common felons." - Robert Champlin, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75.

CONSCRIPTION: Benedict XV declared in 1917 that universal conscription has been 'for more than a century the true cause of countless evils', and Ottaviani, in the work mentioned (1947) termed it 'most injurious'." - Franziskus Stratmann, in "Morals & Missiles". - Is selective military servitude morally any better? - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: But to the libertarians the draft is not a matter of technical efficiency. To them the draft is slavery pure and simple; slavery, moreover, in which the slave has a good chance of killing or being killed." – Murray N. Rothbard, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75, p. 6. – A “chance” of killing as if he wanted to. He should have said something like: He may be forced to kill one or several people that he does not even know, except that his government asserts that they are his enemies and has put him into a ‘kill of be killed” situation. – JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCRIPTION: Conscript, n. One forced to fight for freedom." - L.A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon. - For any freedom but his own. - JZ, 30.t.92. - One who, thereby, ought to be motivated to fight for his own freedom, against his own masters." - JZ, 20.6.89.

CONSCRIPTION: Conscription ... is the definitive example of the violation of man's most basic right upon which all other rights depend - the right of each man to his own life." - Robert Champlin, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75. – SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

CONSCRIPTION: Conscription ... means slave armies..." - Robert Heinlein, Time Enough for Love, p.467.

CONSCRIPTION: conscription ... which can be defined as the indenturing of a person into a state of forced labour or service..." - Robert Champlin, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75.

CONSCRIPTION: Conscription encourages the individual to sink his judgement in that of the State, and makes it easier to think of the enemy as a faceless mass rather than as men and women with the ordinary human aspirations." - Prof. D. H. Munro, quoted in THE AUSTRALIAN, 7.12.68.

CONSCRIPTION: Conscription has been exposed as a way of legitimising slavery." - Robert J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.301.

CONSCRIPTION: Conscription implicates everyone! It implicates them either as victims or executioners or both at the same time." - Michael Hamel-Green.

CONSCRIPTION: Conscription is confiscation." - Reeves/Hess, The End of the Draft.

CONSCRIPTION: Conscription is essentially a tax. It is a hidden tax paid in kind; it is a levy which never appears in the budget, but it a tax nonetheless." - Reeves/Hess, The End of the Draft, p.104. – TAXATION, SERVITUDE

CONSCRIPTION: Conscription is slavery - and I don't think that any people or nation has a right to save itself at the price of slavery for anyone - no matter (by? - JZ) what name it is called.” - Robert Heinlein, Requiem, 245. – CONSCRIPTION IS SLAVERY

CONSCRIPTION: Conscription is slavery. Regardless of whatever its purposes may be - conscription is always slavery." - Robert Champlin, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75.

CONSCRIPTION: Conscripts of territorial governments may be considered as propagandized or indoctrinated war slaves, military slaves, war robots, preprogrammed war machines, military puppets, pawns and human sacrifices. – JZ, 16.4.04. – They urgently need de-programming and self-determination, perhaps best via fraternization with the conscripts on the other side and through the development and publication of quite rightful and liberating war and peace aims, warfare and peace-promoting techniques, which would certainly exclude e.g. ABC mass murder devices and conventional area bombing and other methods practising the “principle” of collective responsibility. – JZ n.d. - SOLDIERS, OBEDIENCE, WAR PROPAGANDA, DESERTIONS, POW TREATMENT, WAR & PEACE AIMS, DISOBEDIENCE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, LIBERATION, REVOLUTIONS

CONSCRIPTION: Conscripts remain at least free to desert to the other side. - JZ, 10/72. - And the other sides should treat them as liberated human beings, not as enemies under the principle of collective responsibility. - JZ 21.4.94. - Alas, so far most governments to which they deserted have also treated them as slaves, sometimes even worse than their own government did. - JZ, 21.6.94. – DESERTION, PRISONERS OF WAR

CONSCRIPTION: Conscripts, like slaves, have a valid right to combine and secede at any time, by force of arms, if necessary. - JZ, free after Lysander Spooner and R. A. Wilson, n.d. - They have also the right to conclude separate peace treaties and to form exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers as alternative governments or governments in exile. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: Do you want conscription? Do you want to keep any trait of this kind of slavery - or of any other - on the statute books? - JZ, 10/72, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: Draft adherents are proposing not an end to slavery but slavery towards new ends." - Paul Jacob, in comment to: J. Neil Schulman, The Rainbow Cadenza. – The ancient and wrongful aims of territorial power politics! – JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCRIPTION: Draft card: Your social insecurity number." - Fletcher Knebel.

CONSCRIPTION: draft evasion is a rightful act." - Libertarian Handbook, 1973.

CONSCRIPTION: Draft the Dead - they are experienced." - ARF, bumpersticker. - JOKES

CONSCRIPTION: draft ... is improper and unconstitutional. It is a violation of fundamental rights, of a man's right to his own life." - Ayn Rand, PLAYBOY interview. – Man has a right to his own life not only in this respect. However, Ayn Rand attacked the idea of voluntary governments and societies – because she managed to misunderstand it. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSCRIPTION: Draftees are POW's too!" - Bumper-sticker offered in REASON. - JOKES

CONSCRIPTION: Drafting is the identification process during which owners sort out and regain their own cattle." - AUSTRALASIAN POST, 15.6.1972.

CONSCRIPTION: Draught Beer, Not People." – Quoted in RED & BLACK


CONSCRIPTION: Enslave American Youth. Support the Draft." - Dangerous Buttons, No. 53.

CONSCRIPTION: Especially conscription and taxation mean that the servants have become the masters. - JZ, 14.8.80, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: Even conscripts are still volunteers, to SOME extent, as long as they continue to obey instead of resisting, disobeying, deserting, engaging in mutiny or military insurrection and while they fail to sell their commanders to the supposed enemy or make him a gift of them. By obeying they also fail in their duties to uphold their own rights and the rights of others and as military slaves they ought to strive for liberation, rather than merely trying to make "the best" of their condition, e.g. by drinking, drugs, womanising, gambling, etc. They ought to convert themselves into ideal militia forces, assume themselves the determination of international treaties and alliances, as well as enemies and of military actions and disarmament actions, ought to engage in separate peace treaties across borders and over the heads of their rulers. Indeed, they would be risking their lives in doing so, but in a rightful cause rather than risking their lives, obediently, for the wrongful aims of others. - JZ, 11.11.93., 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: For centuries the State has enslaved people into its armed battalions and called it “conscription” in the “national service”. – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty: The State as Aggressor. – CONSCRIPTION AS SLAVERY

CONSCRIPTION: For contrast, take Bertrand Russell's response when he once, on a British 'Brain Trust' program over the BBC was chided for having gone to jail resisting the first World War as a pacifist, while he had supported WW II, and now once again seemed prepared to object to the point of civil disobedience against preparations for a third world war. He said, 'I WANT TO PICK MY WARS.' - (Stressed by me. - JZ) This, in my view, is a simple but profound statement of responsible citizenship. What other human right can be more basic a right (than the right? JZ) to choose what cause, if any, to kill for and to die for? - YET THIS, OF COURSE, IS PRECISELY THE KIND OF HUMAN RIGHT THAT NO GOVERNMENT, DICTATORIAL OR DEMOCRATIC, WISHES TO GRANT. Legal recognition of politically motivated conscientious objection would hamper the pursuit of 'tough' foreign policies in a way that religiously or pacifistically motivated objection will not. Any government can limit the influence of saints; ..." - C. Bay & C.C. Walker, Civil Disobedience, p.27.

CONSCRIPTION: Forbid governments "to conscript people" in any way and "for any purpose whatsoever". - Karl Hess, The Lawless State. - Who or what can "forbid" a lawless State anything? Such prohibitionists must be well informed, armed, organized and trained to defend their individual rights and liberties. . - JZ, 3.10.02. - MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS, SELF-DEFENCE, DEFENCE, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS

CONSCRIPTION: Genius can't really be conscripted." - Poul Anderson, A Knight of Ghosts and Shadows, p.48. - Alas, the conditioning of conscripts has been so "perfected" that even average conscripts can be turned, after a while, into "good" and all too obedient soldiers, regardless of the values or crimes they are supposedly fighting for. - JZ, 21.6.94. – Nazis, Soviets and the US government managed to put highly intelligent people into separate camps to work on special government projects and at least in Germany and Russia they were not given much choice in the matter. Even many Jews and forced labourers were forced to work in Nazi war industries. And “egg heads” were used or abused to “improve” something as wrong as indiscriminate air raids and nuclear mass murder “weapons”. – Georg Holzhauer, one of the few German writers on monetary freedom, died as a conscript in Stalingrad. - JZ, 19.11.08. - People as Property, Self-Ownership, Self-Determination, Independence, Individual Sovereignty, Individual Secession, FORCE, COERCION, COMPULSION, CREATIVITY.

CONSCRIPTION: Government says, in essence: We want you as a fighting machine for us, to fight for our purposes, whenever we say so and against whosoever we determine. What you want and would decide and your own aims, purposes, enemies and friends we do not care about. You have to completely disregard them. - JZ, 17.5.89.

CONSCRIPTION: Government: We make you fight for us and our aims and purposes. If you win, our fame, power and profits will rise greatly. If you fight but lose the war, we will simply win less but you will have to pay and pay. And if you happen to die or get crippled, that does not kill or cripple us or diminish our privileges and fun in life in any way. So go, march and fight, or at least work and pay for us. We have no other use for you! - Essence of remarks I frequently heard Ulrich von Beckerath, between 1951 & 1959. - JZ, 17.5.89, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: Have a referendum among the 18 - 20 year olds whether they want to be conscripted. With no secret voting! And then, however many vote "yes" or "no", select conscripts only from those who voted "yes". They do deserve this penalty - which they wished upon others. - JZ, 18.6.80.

CONSCRIPTION: Hell no, we won't go!" - Source?

CONSCRIPTION: Help citizens secede from regimes with conscription. - JZ, 23.2.74. – Or with any other coercive measures, like taxation or territorial legislation and subjection of the whole population. – Governments and their supposed benefits only for their remaining volunteers! – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSCRIPTION: I am not a draft animal and I belong to no one but myself. – JZ,7.8.95. – I hold that not one should be considered and treated like a draft animal. All people belong to themselves rather than to any territorial State, nation or people. – JZ, 23.9.08.

CONSCRIPTION: I am not a national resource." – Bumpersticker offered in REASON. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP

CONSCRIPTION: I cannot accept that people must be conscripted, trained and manipulated as a Government wishes - that freedom of movement, choice of employment, freedom of association, freedom of belief and observance of those beliefs etc. must be negated to be preserved." - John Scott.

CONSCRIPTION: I object to conscription the way a lobster objects to boiling water: it may be his finest hour but it's not his choice." – Robert Heinlein, Glory Road, p.5.

CONSCRIPTION: I oppose registration for the draft ... because I believe the security of freedom can best be achieved by security through freedom." - Ronald Reagan.

CONSCRIPTION: I won't accept a duty to kill on command from the best mega-government in the world; I certainly won't accept it from a mealy-mouthed aspiring assassin." - The Preacher, THE CONNECTION 115, p.101.

CONSCRIPTION: If sending the boys off to their deaths is not child molesting, I don't know what is." - R. T. Slocum, A Guide to Draft Counselling, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 8/81.

CONSCRIPTION: If the country can't make it on the volunteer efforts of its citizens, let it go down the drain." - Robert Heinlein, quoted in THE CONNECTION 140, p.67.

CONSCRIPTION: Imagine! People are not volunteering to go to foreign countries and die the way they used to! Imagine that!" --Michael Badnarik - MILITARY DRAFT

CONSCRIPTION: It is also necessary That Parliaments be abridged the power of impressing men, to serve as but beasts in the Wars, who will be against their being bounded therein? a good Cause never wanted men, nor any authority that had money to pay them." - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648, in: A. L. Morton, Freedom in Arms, p.176.

CONSCRIPTION: It is not a crime to refuse military services. But it is a crime to force me to murder other human beings, who have not done anything to me." - John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.136.

CONSCRIPTION: It is the most despotic power which government can exercise. It can be so exercised, at any moment, and on occasion created by government itself, as to sweep away every vestige of individual liberty and put the last drop of blood of every man, woman and child in the country at the arbitrary disposal of the government." - Dr. John W. Burgess, 1923, on the power to conscript for foreign wars. - Quoted by Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral's Log II, p. 108. - Since then some governments have, with their ABC mass murder devices, gained even more despotic powers. - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSCRIPTION: It is very unlikely that in the absence of the draft the government would ever again be able to wage war against the wishes of the public it is supposed to serve." - Paul Lepanto, Return to Reason, p.133. - This would largely be true if 'the draft' did here include also the draft of property by inflation and taxation. Otherwise, the government could hire mercenaries. - JZ, n.d., during seventies. Furthermore, the powers and motives for war are largely based upon the territorial conscription of all "nationals" into a subordinate citizen relationship towards one or several governments (local, state, federal ones) or, at least, into obedience towards their laws and regulations, even when they were granted not even the right to vote for or against them. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: It should be clear that no man, in an attempt to exercise his right of self-defense, may coerce anyone else into defending him. For that would mean that the defender himself would be a criminal invader of the rights of others. Thus, if A is aggressing against B, B may nor use force to compel C to join in defending him, for then B would be just as much a criminal aggressor against C. This immediately rules out CONSCRIPTION for defense, for conscription enslaves a man and forces him to fight on someone else's behalf." - Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, 82. – Worst of all: For just another territorial government! – JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCRIPTION: Middle-aged man: 'When I was young, you didn't hate the Army until you were in it." - Clint Bradshaw, READER’S DIGEST, 1/72.

CONSCRIPTION: National Service wants you - but do you want National Service?" - Fred W. Etcheverry, REASON, 9/72. – Nationalized servitude is a more suitable expression. – It covers tax slavery, compulsory education and all other legalized territorial coercion as well. - JZ, 11.11.10. – TERRITORIALISM, SERFDOM, SERVITUDE

CONSCRIPTION: No man has the right to send another man to fight and die for his, the sender's cause." - Ayn Rand, PLAYBOY interview.

CONSCRIPTION: No one has the right to usurp the power of life or death over another. Conscription and taxation are just as criminal as the killing and stealing they perpetuate." - G. C. Szmak in "The Four Blind Spots". - TAXATION, VOLUNTARY TAXATION

CONSCRIPTION: no one is thrust out into military service against his will. They are convinced that, if anyone is timid by nature, besides being no use in action, he will also make his companions afraid...." - Sir Thomas Moore, Utopia.

CONSCRIPTION: No state has an inherent right to survive through conscript troops and, in the long run, no state ever has. Roman matrons used to say to their sons: 'Come back with your shield, or on it.' - Later on, this custom declined. So did Rome." – Robert Heinlein, Lazarus Long. - Did parents have the right to so "conscript" their sons for the maintenance and expansion of the empire of Rome? - In Rome, for a long time, children were considered as property of their fathers and could even be sold into slavery by them. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: Not a body, not a dime!" - Chicago Libertarians, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 4/79.

CONSCRIPTION: Not until government openly acknowledges the fact that it has no right to forcibly induct free individuals into military service should libertarians be satisfied." – Jerome Tuccille, Radical Libertarianism, p.102.

CONSCRIPTION: Nowhere in modern society does anyone take the idea of democracy seriously, for the average man is looked upon as a gullible automaton who is easily led into the most transparent of deceptions. If men can be deceived into giving their sons to the state to be sacrificed on the field of battle, in one shoddy national adventure after another, what politician can doubt that 'the people' will meekly submit their miserable necks to the yoke when exhorted to do so?" - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.585.

CONSCRIPTION: One of the amusing by-products of war is its pricking of the fundamental democratic delusion. For years HOMO BOOBUS stalks the earth vaingloriously, flapping his wings over his God-given rights, his inalienable freedom, his sublime equality to his masters. Then of a sudden he is thrust into a training camp, and discovers that he is a slave, after all - that even his life is not his own." - H. L. Mencken, Minority Report. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, DEMOCRACY, FREE COUNTRIES

CONSCRIPTION: Only REASONABLE BEINGS have the right and duty to defend human rights. This fact makes conscription an injustice towards people who are so unreasonable, that they do not volunteer to defend human rights. Such conscripts would be only a burden and not an asset for any efforts to defend human rights. - JZ, n.d.

CONSCRIPTION: Oppose Selective Slavery." - Dangerous Buttons, No.51.

CONSCRIPTION: Particularly when an enemy or a potential enemy has great conscript armies, a freedom-loving nation has the right and the duty in an emergency to conscript its citizens for lawful defence. The necessity must be present." - Concerning a need or necessity there will always be different and contrary opinions. - In this case there exists only one right and duty: the right and duty not only to love the own freedom, but that of the conscripts, those of the enemy, too, and, therefore, to study and to apply all methods to make the numerous conscripts of the enemy regime rise against that regime and then to achieve a separate peace treaty with these insurrectionists. - Alternatively, a seeming surrender is advisable, if preceded by sufficient enlightenment to start a successful liberation struggle later, with the aid of the occupation troops, in favour of full liberty for us and them, against their regime. - A "nation" does not conscript itself but a government might conscript "its" citizens against their will, proving thereby, that it is not a democratic or representative government. - JZ, n.d. –  – PEOPLE AS PROPERTY

CONSCRIPTION: Slaves make lousy defenders of freedom." - Dangerous Buttons, No.72.

CONSCRIPTION: Soldiers who wish to be heroes are practically zero. But those who wish to be civilians - Jesus, they run into millions!" - GI saying. - But they do not as yet, in most cases, run by the millions in the right direction or fight for their own liberation. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: STOP kidnapping - STOP the draft." - Button of SLL.

CONSCRIPTION: That measures of this nature [the draft] should be debated at all in the councils of a free government is cause of dismay. The question is nothing less than whether the most essential rights of personal liberty shall be surrendered and despotism embraced in its worst form.” – Daniel Webster - CONSCRIPTION OR MILITARY SERVITUDE?

CONSCRIPTION: The Battle over Conscription - - Enforced obedience to territorial laws, taxes and institutions is also a kind of wrongful conscription. One can be a very good, even heroic soldier, whether volunteer or conscript - and still fight, like in WW II for wrongful war- and peace aims and this by quite wrongful methods, on all sides. – JZ, 23.10.12, on Facebook. - Soldiers and officers should become sovereign consumers or contractors for the kind of defence services and the choice of their enemies, allies, treaties and war and peace aims, which they are supposed to fight for and risk their lives, limbs and health.  Probably they cannot achieve that in any territorial government’s military forces but only in quite rightful militias of volunteers, confined to upholding genuine individual rights and liberties, to the extent that individuals and communities wish them to be protected and cannot do this on their own. – JZ, 6.10.12. - & TERRITORIALISM

CONSCRIPTION: the conscription which sends men out to fight, consenting or not consenting, which treats them as any other war material, as the guns and the rifles dispatched in batches to do their work; ..." - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, Essay Nine, p. 332.

CONSCRIPTION: The draft exists on the premise that a man's life belongs to the state." - Todd Koenig, FOCUS, May 68.

CONSCRIPTION: The Draft is a form of Slavery in a Plantation called War." - Porter, quoted by William Van Dorem (? - My handwriting! -JZ ), Santa Monica, 1980.

CONSCRIPTION: The draft is nothing more than legally sanctioned kidnapping." - Robert LeFevre, LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Summer 77. - But these kidnappers are not prepared, for a high prize, to sell their victims back to their beloved, alive and unharmed. No, they want to force them to risk their lives and limbs in fighting others, for the purposes of the kidnappers. That makes this kidnapping even worse. And the pretence that these crimes, committed on a massive scale, would all be "for the good of the country", makes this kidnapping, morally, the worst of all. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: The Draft is the Ultimate Socialism: Nationalisation of Human Beings." - Don Ernsberger, SIL Slogan, 1980. - Also quoted in JERSEY LIBERTARIAN, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 8/80. – Taxation and subjugation to territorial legislation is the same, in principle. – JZ, 11.11.10. - NATIONALIZATION

CONSCRIPTION: The government decrees what products you can offer to your customers (through the federal trade Commission and other agencies) and how much you can charge for your services (setting both minimum and maximum limits for wages and prices), requires massive bookkeeping, and imposes many other rules upon your business or your employment. And if it gets into trouble with other governments, it can even enslave you in its army to fight, and possibly die, on its behalf." – Harry Browne, How I Found Freedom, p.94. - He should have, more modestly, inserted "Some" between "Found" and "Freedom". Even a mere book title can already reveal sloppy thinking, false pretences or wrong premises. - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSCRIPTION: The government does not even recognise a man's natural right to his own life. If it have need of him, for the maintenance of its power, it takes him, against his will (conscripts him), and puts him before the cannon's mouth, to be blown in pieces, as if he were a mere senseless thing, having no more RIGHTS than if he were a shell, a canister, or a torpedo. It considers him simply as so much senseless war material, to be consumed, expended, and destroyed for the maintenance of its power. It no more recognises his right to have anything to say in the matter, than if he were but so much weight of powder or ball. It does not recognize him at all as a human being, having any rights whatever of his own, but only as an instrument, a weapon, or a machine, to be used in killing other men." – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, Works I, 31.

CONSCRIPTION: The government does not recognize a man's right to his own life, for it engages in conscription..." - Carl Watner, on Lysander Spooner, REASON, 3/73. - At the same time, it strongly "defends" the lives of its warmongers against defensive counter-attacks by its victims among "its" citizens and, while willing to use and abuse its own victims to murder millions of the enemy regime's conscripted victims, spares the lives of the few warmongers on the enemy's side. - JZ, 21.6.94. - TYRANNICIDE, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, NUCLEAR STRENGTH

CONSCRIPTION: The government is the real criminal. Examples, for starters: taxation is extortion (tax evasion is only self-defence), inflation is fraud (counterfeiting) (*) on a massive scale, devaluation is robbery, national service is kidnapping and/or slavery; ditto compulsory education. Of course, there are any number of 'practical' arguments against these assertions, but no PRINCIPLED ones." – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.60. – (*) Depreciating the government’s forced and exclusive currency. It can hardly “forge” its own money – but it can reduce it almost to scrap paper in its value. – JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCRIPTION: The government not only denies a man's right, as a moral human being, to have any will, any judgement, or any conscience of his own, as to whether he himself will be killed in battle, but it equally denies his right to have any will, any judgement, or any conscience of his own, as a moral human being, as to whether he shall be used as a mere weapon for killing other men." - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, Works I, 32.

CONSCRIPTION: the great systems of taxation, which make of the individual mere tax material, as conscription makes of him mere war material; or the great systems of compulsory education, under which the state on its own unavowed interest tries to exert more and more of its own influence and authority over the minds of the children, tries - as we see especially in other countries - to mould and to shape those young minds for its own ends. - 'Something of religion will be useful - school-made patriotism will be useful - drilling will be useful' - so preparing from the start docile and obedient state material, ready-made for taxation, ready-made for conscription - ready made for the ambitious aims and ends of the rulers - ..." - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p.332.

CONSCRIPTION: the libertarian group at Columbia - 'Freedom Conspiracy'.... advocated total disobedience to the draft, which they considered slavery." - Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.2.

CONSCRIPTION: The modern "press gangs" are merely more sophisticated and selective with regard to their victims. Morally they are on the same zero to negative level. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: The more conscripts a government has, the weaker it gets - if its enemies are willing to liberate these conscripts." - JZ, 23.3.75. - and their friends and relatives at home! - JZ, 21.6.94. - Liberation, Strength, Enemy, Defence, Desertion, War Aims

CONSCRIPTION: the slavery we endure in the famous 'free world', namely, MILITARY SLAVERY." - A. Challand, Ref. 12150, PRAJ.

CONSCRIPTION: The very length of conscription adds to its deprivation of rights and its dehumanising effects. The original German Afrika Korps was made up out of those serving at least 3 -5 years. As mere conditioned soldier-machines they fought only too well, even for the Hitler regime. Once they were at last buried or crushed, the replacements, after a mere 3 months to 2 years of conditioning, did not fight as well for the Nazi machine and let themselves be taken prisoner relatively easily. - Oral information by a former member of the Afrika Korps. - JZn.d., & 11.11.10.

CONSCRIPTION: The worst of it is that it makes people fight for the aims of others rather than for their own liberty. - Free after Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969. - JZ, 21.6.94. – WAR AIMS

CONSCRIPTION: There can be no compromise on so fundamental an issue as the right to life and liberty. As one of America's foremost opponents of conscription and involuntary servitude, Daniel Webster, put it in 1814: 'The question is nothing less than whether the most essential rights of personal liberty shall be surrendered and despotism embraced in its worst form.'" - Robert Poole, Jr., REASON 5/79.

CONSCRIPTION: They talk about conscription as being a democratic institution. Yes; so is a cemetery." - Meyer London: Speech in House of Representatives, April 25, 1917.

CONSCRIPTION: This act of conscription is just as much a deed of unjustifiable aggression - of kidnapping and possible murder - as the alleged aggression we are trying to guard ourselves against in the first place." - Murray N. Rothbard, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75, p.87. – DEFENCE

CONSCRIPTION: Though the invention of conscription has brought on to the battlefield a multitude who have no heart for martial enterprise at all (professional soldiers have concluded on a number of occasions that one out of every two conscripts on the line of fire refuses to aim or is incapable of aiming his weapon at an enemy’s person), the criminal content of war has steadily risen in the era of the forced-military-service democratic national State. – James J. Martin, Revisionist Viewpoints, p.128, Ralph Myles Publisher, Inc. Colorado Springs, 1971. - Up to 90% of the war victims are non-combatants! – JZ, 29.2.12.

CONSCRIPTION: Today we hear a call for a revived draft, mostly from greedy, spoiled generals who fear that they won't have enough human lives to play with. I suspect that there's a sort of Parkinson's Law here. Give them enough bodies, and they'll find a war to use them (up) in." - Arthur D. Hlavaty, in DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP 10.

CONSCRIPTION: Under the pretext of patriotism or the national defence, men are forced to participate in what amounts to their own kidnapping and subsequent enslavement with the possible fate of ultimate death or disfigurement..." - Robert Champlin, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75.

CONSCRIPTION: Universal conscription (misleadingly labelled 'for defence', since men are conscripted just as often for aggression) has proved to be a true evil. It encroaches on the human right of personal freedom; it interrupts the vocational development of young people, plunging them into great moral dangers, especially the heads of families who are drafted and their wives who are left at home; it imposes huge burdens on the nation's capacity to produce (points which Leo XIII especially raised). Apart from all this, conscription has achieved the opposite of what it was theoretically supposed to do; it has not brought the nations greater security, but instead greater insecurity, multiplying many times the dangers and scope of war." - Franziskus Stratmann, in "Morals & Missiles", p.28. - How can one ignore so obvious aspects as the rights to life and physical inviolability, to freedom of movement, freedom of contract, freedom of association and disassociation and the moral duty to abstain from murdering others and the abomination of ordering, training and forcing conscripts into committing murders and mass-murders of similar victims of conscription on the other side? - JZ, 21.6.94. – One simple part-explanation: We have still not compiled and published an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSCRIPTION: Up the 'draft dodgers', who dodge the draft to preserve their liberty! - JZ, n.d. & 21.6.94. - - DRAFT, DRAFT DODGERS

CONSCRIPTION: Use of conscription to provide military manpower would not lower the costs of the military but would rather simply hide those costs by imposing them on the draftees." - William P. Field, Jr., THE MERCURY, July/Aug. 1980, p. 22.

CONSCRIPTION: We don't need slaves to defend our freedom." - GOLD COAST BULLETIN. Date? Author?

CONSCRIPTION: What is conscription but mass enslavement?" - Murray N. Rothbard, REASON, 3/73.

CONSCRIPTION: When the government needs men for war, it kidnaps citizens. When government wants education, it forces parents to send their children to government-run schools." - SLL leaflet. - Education? Rather, its kind of mis-education! - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSCRIPTION: when the time comes these individuals... will find they have opened the door for regimentation of everything. ... How on earth can you condemn regimentation of property once you have established regimentation of blood? It's impossible." - Senator Holt, 86 Congressional Record, 10720 - 22. - PROPERTY, CONSERVATISM

CONSCRIPTION: When there are not sufficient volunteers for an effective defence force then several explanations are possible, e.g.: (1) either the majority does not consider their institutions as worth defending, or (2) they think their country could not defend itself anyhow, in spite of all efforts, against a particular aggressor, i.e. against overwhelming odds, or (3) the majority does not yet realize the danger it is in. - In the first instance, we ought to reform our laws and institutions first, in the second, a good defence programme ought to be published and in the third case the majority has to be frankly informed. These three attitudes simultaneously and support each other. Once these attitudes are overcome by corresponding reforms, there will be sufficient volunteers. - Still more important would be to so re-organise our institutions that even voluntary defence forces would only very rarely be needed and then only in much smaller numbers and for much shorter periods - the more we do e.g., reduce wars to mere police actions against the main war mongers. - JZ, 21.6.94.

CONSCRIPTION: Where is it written in the Constitution, in what section or clause is it contained, that you may take children from their parents and parents from their children, and compel them to fight the battle in any war in which the folly or the wickedness of government may engage it?" - Daniel Webster

CONSCRIPTION: While enslavement can be made to seem respectable by the use of terms like 'military duty' and 'serving in the armed forces,' words do not affect Natural Law; no one has the right to take a peaceable citizen away from his family and put him into a kill-or-be-killed situation against his will. The DESIRES of some people to fight wars, or the OPINIONS of some people that the draft is necessary to protect the country, are not sufficient grounds for violating anyone's human rights. (If one were to adhere to Natural Law, the only way in which the people of a nation could rightfully provide for a so-called national defense would be through the voluntary financial support of an all-volunteer army.)" – Robert J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.218.

CONSCRIPTION: Why are cigarette ads prohibited on the ground that smoking might kill, while army recruiting ads are permitted?" - Joke heard on radio, 25.7.82. – Conscription is the equivalent to compulsory smoking plus numerous other wrongful compulsions. – JZ, 19.11.08. – JOKES, Q.

CONSCRIPTION: Why did you bring up your son, mother? Why? - For the trenches, mother! For the trenches!" - Kurt Tucholsky, in one of his moving anti-war poems. – How many still better sayings exist on this subject? Who will add them? – Instead of letting ourselves be mobilized, taxed and sacrificed for the territorial warfare States, let us at least assemble and publish the best ideas and opinions against this kind of slavery. - Catchwords can be catching! Naturally, a good resistance, tax strike, liberation, militia organization and individual human rights program, including quite rightful war and peace aims, individual secessionism and panarchies of volunteers, etc. would help as well. - Z., 27.11.08.

CONSCRIPTION: with the present economic circumstances particularly, voluntary recruitment would not produce the result." - Mr. John Menzies. - Not voluntary enlistment as such has failed but those have failed, who tried out some limited forms of it. - If the need for a standing army is so urgent then the voluntary soldiers ought to be paid more than they could get in any other jobs. Then there would, most likely, be sufficient volunteers, if the government and its aims are not criminal, and this is quite obvious to most citizens. While taxation persists, those who would not volunteer, would have to carry the financial burden. Cromwell's Ironsides and mercenary forces in Africa were well paid, at least initially. - If the government would frankly discuss the danger and not minimise it instead, there would be sufficient "idealistic" volunteers. - If nuclear war would not threaten, if we had no nuclear armed allies, then young men might see a sense in defence preparations. - As long as defence policy is based on numbers, our defence efforts seem hopeless anyhow, since we seem hopelessly outnumbered by e.g. Indonesia. - A change in the defence strategy which would serve to turn the numerous conscripts of the dictators against the dictators, would lead to many voluntary enlistments - and would largely make massive enlistments of the own citizens unnecessary. The former conscripts and subjects of dictators could become our main allies and largely man our defence forces, too. - A mere nationalistic defence policy is rather uninspiring. It ought to be accompanied by a liberation programme for the suppressed peoples - across the artificial borders and within the "own" exclusive turf of our home-grown and ruling territorial “Mafia”. At present, we have not even declared rightful war aims. - No government defence programme can attract many volunteers if it is not accompanied by a good peace programme. Or should we expect young men to defend the massive unemployment or inflation and taxation legally imposed the own government? - Young men today have no ideals they consider worth fighting for. They are not willing to fight merely for their present well paid jobs, if they are lucky to have such. We ought to make them realize and recognize, appreciate and realize Individual Human Rights first, before we can expect them to rally towards their defence. - I feel certain that there would be sufficient volunteers for a discriminating defence policy, one particularly directed against tyrants, thus including but not being confined to tyrannicide, if only it were propagated. Instead, we propagate retaliatory strikes against the oppressed peoples, on the "principle" of collective responsibility for the crimes of their oppressors, and, in practice, refuse all too often to accept refugees and deserters, sending them back or even shooting prisoners of war, who had readily surrendered and are not loyal to the regime we are fighting. There are so many wrongs on our side, that it is almost surprising that anyone at all volunteers for our side, as if it were so enormously better than the regime which our government choose for us as our enemy. If an "enemy" government believably offered us more rights and liberties than our own governments do, shouldn't we, as good nationalists and patriots, wanting only the best for our country and our people, readily negotiate, submit and surrender or agree to be so liberated by such an “enemy? - JZ, revised 21.6.94”, 11.11.10, 31.1.13. – DES.

CONSENSUS: Consensus is what many people say in chorus but do not believe as individuals.” – Quoted in an advertisement by Natalie Delgado, in email of 10.5.04. – JZ

CONSENSUS: Every time I hear somebody recite the old propaganda slogan, 'As inevitable as death and taxes', I ask, How inevitable is that? In casual conversation, I have yet to receive a sensible answer." - Pyrrho, THE CONNECTION 110, p.39, 6 March 83.

CONSENSUS: MacCallum observes that the typically desired decision-making process of the governance of such retail communities – for example, by merchant’s councils – is by consensus rather than majority voting. If a measure can only be obtained by a majority vote, then, as one participant stated, “we don’t want it”. (1971, 10.)” - Fred E. Foldvary, Proprietary Communities and Community Associations, in: “The Voluntary City, Choice, Community and Civil Society, ed. by David T. Beito, Peter Gordon and Alexander Tabarrok, Foreword by Paul Johnson, The Independent Institute, The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 2002, page 281. - VIA MAJORITY DECISION-MAKING

CONSENSUS: Mutual agreement isn't popular consensus." - George Kysor, THE CONNECTION 116, p.47. - No more so than a private contract is the result of a popular vote. - JZ, 22.6.94.

CONSENSUS: Reaching consensus in a group is often confused with finding the right answer." - American writer Norman Mailer (1923-2007) - COMMITTEES

CONSENSUS: Reality is the way things are DESPITE what you or I or anybody things, prefers, recognises, hopes, dreams or wishes. One of the quirks of reality is: There ain't no such thing as consensus." - Pyrrho, THE CONNECTION 102, p.9, 6 March 82.

CONSENSUS: The consensus ... was a living, breathing creature that could attack in vicious rage." - Dean R. Koontz, A Darkness in My Soul, Dawn Books, N.Y., 1972, p. 92. - Particularly if the only model it can envision as a "living", "just" or "practicable" community, namely a territorial State, is threatened by innovators who have an alternative model for it. - JZ, n.d. - PANARCHISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, VOLUNTARISM, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, CONSENT, MANDATE

CONSENT: A government derives its just powers from the consent of the governed. If a government (or defense agency) is to provide justice justly, its first requirement is that it act only on those who have consented to its activities." - Paul Baird, JLS, Fall 77, p.191. - That applies, naturally, also to members of criminal associations who, not satisfied with aggressions against each other, attack the rights of non-members. In that case they put themselves under the jurisdiction of their victims. They may claim that they have not granted their consent to be governed by their victims but that becomes irrelevant to the extent that they had become aggressors against non-consenting victims. They have thereby, indirectly, renounced their rights as rational beings. They fall then at most under the limited protection of rules for the protection of beasts of prey, which outlaw any cruel and unusual punishments and unnecessary death sentences. However, to kill them outright, in self-defence, would be rightful. - JZ, 22.6.94. – CRIMES, CRIMINALS, VICTMIZATION, POLITICIANS, OUTLAWRY, TYRANNICIDE

CONSENT: A government that can at pleasure accuse, shoot, and hang men, as traitors, for the one general offence of refusing to surrender themselves and their property unreservedly to its arbitrary will, can practice any and all special and particular oppressions it pleases. - The result - and a natural one - has been that we have had governments, State and national, devoted to nearly every grade and species of crime that governments have ever practised upon their victims; and these crimes have culminated in a war that has cost a million of lives; a war carried on, upon one side, for chattel slavery, and on the other for political slavery; upon neither for liberty, justice, or truth. And these crimes have been committed, and this war waged, by men, and the descendants of men, who, less than a hundred years ago, said that all men were equal, and could owe neither service to individuals, nor allegiance to governments, except with their own consent." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, II, 15, in Works I. – TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, STATISM, AGGRESSION, COERCION, COMPULSION, FORCE, VIOLENCE, TREASON, ESPIONAGE, DESERTION, SECESSION, RESISTANCE, REVOLUTION, ALLEGIANCE

CONSENT: A man can't ride on your back unless it's bent." - Martin Luther King, READER’S DIGEST, 10/82. - The bent back isn't an absolute requirement for the riding of people, either. - JZ, 3.10.02. – OBEDIENCE, SUBMISSIVENESS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

CONSENT: All people are governed by consent, whether that consent is given through fear or understanding, or in some cases, misunderstanding." - Gary Alan Ruse, The Odds Man, ANALOG 2/79, p.167. - With the same "justice" and "understanding" one could say that every victim of rape is really "consenting" to "making love" in these cases, and every robbery victim is "consenting" to be robbed. - Concepts should never be so over-extended and generalised that they lose all meaning or are turned into their opposites. - JZ, 23.6.94, 3.10.02.

CONSENT: All this, or nothing, was necessarily implied in the Declaration made in 1776. If the necessity for consent, then announced, was a sound principle in favor of three million of men, it was an equally sound one in favor of three men, or of one man. If the principle was a sound one in behalf of men living on a separate continent, it was an equally sound one in behalf of a man living on a separate farm, or in a separate house." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, I/IV, p. 11, Works I. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM

CONSENT: And any government that does not have the complete consent of all its citizens can only sustain itself by using force and fraud. It jars the American ear to be told, Spooner insisted, that our government rests upon force like any other." - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.135. - PANARCHISM, SECESSION, VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SECESSION, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, TERRITORIALISM

CONSENT: Any act between two or more consenting adults should be legal: "It is unfortunate that the liberals have not yet widened this criterion from sex to trade and exchange, for if they ever would, they would be close to becoming full-scale libertarians. For the libertarian is precisely interested in legalising all interrelations whatever between 'consenting adults'." – Murray N. Rothbard, FOR A NEW LIBERTY, p.118/19. - Alas, Rothbard, too, was unable to apply this idea to optional and honest alternative money system. He insisted upon "the" gold standard, which he preferred as the value standard and exchange media system (with 100 % in gold redeemable gold certificates) to all others and every deviation from it he condemned as dishonest. I deeply regret that his imagination and historical knowledge was so limited in this important respect. - JZ, 3.10.02. – Did he, sufficiently, extend the above-stated principle to all kinds of associations of volunteers, even of statists, who confined themselves to exterritorial autonomy? I still seek all his relevant remarks and would like to see them put together. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSENT: any transfer of values between men must involve the voluntary consent of both sides." - Dr. William R. Havender, REASON, Jan. 73. – TRADE, EXCHANGE, BUYING, PURCHASES. BUSINESS, LABOR, EMPLOYMENT

CONSENT: As for the consent of the governed, can a man be held to have consented to a government when he has never signed any contract making it HIS government?” - William Stoddard, REASON, 3/74. – CONTRACTS, SOCIAL CONTRACTS

CONSENT: As I also pointed out, democracy, though it has many disadvantages for power-holders, seems to be the most practical way to maintain control, because it gives the illusion of consent. If people can be made to believe that they are free and that the government represents them, the energies of the ruling class do not have to be concentrated on policing measures. In addition, creating the illusion of consent has the advantage of rendering physical uprisings extremely unlikely." - R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.288. - DEMOCRACY

CONSENT: Authority must be held by consent and exercised with consent." - John A. Lincoln, in a Study of Trade Union Law, IEA, 1964. - But, must authority BE? - JZ, 2.10.02. - Only exterritorial authority and only for volunteers - as long as they can stand it! - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSENT: But it cannot be done without your consent. If you permit it to be done, you deserve it." - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.969. - The refusal of how many is required, in particular cases? And how can this refusal be expressed? Conscientious objectors have some difficulties even in getting their limited refusals to some extent recognized. With some refuseniks a lot of wishful thinking is involved. They think that their unilateral, sole and single and mere declaration is already enough to liberate and safeguard them - even in the face of ravening wolves. Often they even disdain to seriously discuss details that are involved, like those of monetary freedom and of ideal volunteer militias for the protection of individual rights, and of rightful revolutions and liberation programmes, rightful war- and peace aims, a comprehensive declaration of individual rights and liberties, voluntary taxation, competing jurisdictions, personal law, freedom of contract, association, experimentation and secession. - Thus, even some of the best freedom advocates, on some points, are intellectually still at the level of street demonstrators who chant: "Freedom - Now!" - JZ, 23.6.94, 31.1.13. – Or: “Ban the Bomb!” – “Outlaw War!” – As if the loud expression of wishes would realize them and more than prayers lead to the desired results. – Or as if individuals were already omnipotent towards all kinds of aggressors and coercers, including legislators. - JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSENT: But it is obvious that, IN TRUTH AND IN FACT, no one but himself can bind any one to support any government. And our Constitution admits this fact when it concedes that it derives its authority wholly from the consent of the people. And the word treason is to be understood in accordance with that idea. - It is conceded that a person of foreign birth comes under allegiance to our government only by a special voluntary contract. If a native has allegiance imposed upon him, against his will, he is in a worse condition than the foreigner; for the latter can do as he pleases about assuming that obligation. The accepted interpretation of the Constitution, therefore, makes the foreigner a free person, on this point, while it makes the native a slave." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, II, 11, in Works I. – TREASON, FOREIGNERS

CONSENT: But other key issues remain, especially surrounding Adler's concept of the necessity for initial (*) UNANIMOUS CONSENT. Remember his own statements: 'government itself cannot be instituted by a majority vote or by the decision of a leader, since the authority of a leader of a majority is the very thing being instituted. Hence the institution of government itself, together with the delegation of authority to an elected leader or to a majority, must be accomplished by the UNANIMOUS CONSENT of the parties involved...'." - Roy Childs, Anarchism and Justice, IV, INDIVIDUALIST, 10/71. - (*) Why confine consent to initial consent only, possibly even not by oneself but by remote ancestors? Why not make it depending upon changes in individual thoughts and preferences and provide either an automatic time limit or a discontinuance or breaking-off option into it, as occurs with all private and individualized contracts? A formally permanent sale of an individual, with his consent, into slavery, is almost nowhere now considered as a permanent obligation for that individual slave. - JZ, 22.6.94. – Already Rousseau, in his “Social Contract”, described the ridiculousness and wrongness of such a contract. – JZ, 31.1.13.

CONSENT: Can partial or unwilling consent be considered just as much basis for authority as full consent?" - Aami Wisdore, Free World, p.16. – An almost unknown anarchist book. Is he still alive? Who has his address? - JZ, 19.11.08.

CONSENT: Certainly, we approve of having others governed. But no one in his right mind has ever asked that someone come forward to serve him in the same fashion." - Robert LeFevre, LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Winter 77.

CONSENT: Collective territorial consent among voluntary and involuntary State members and subjects is a very dangerous fiction. Even friends, lovers and relatives do rarely agree on all points. - JZ, 11.9.92, 22.6.94.

CONSENT: consent cannot convert right into wrong'. Proudhon was, by the beginning of the nineteenth, to be far more blunt: 'Universal Suffrage is the Counter-revolution' became a lasting slogan of the movement." - Extract from? The first quote is from Godwin. - Proudhon wrote this rather during the middle than during the beginning of the 19th c. Among volunteer communities and for them only, their consent or their vote could convert what is objectively right into their subjective wrong and what is objectively wrong into their subjective right. The legislators of the so-called "positive law" do the same thing, all the time, but with the difference, that they practise their notions not only among voluntary victims but also upon involuntary ones. - Neither the territorially nor the exterritorially autonomous communities will, naturally, consider the consent of criminals, with victims, to be necessary to resist, arrest and penalise them. - By their actions they have outlawed themselves, or, rather, put themselves under the jurisdiction of their victims. - JZ, 23.6.94.

CONSENT: Consent should remain individually refusable and grantable - at least for all rational and non-criminal adults. - JZ, 23.9.93, 22.6.94.

CONSENT: Consent' and 'follow' are individualistic terms. To say 'consent to be ruled' is to slip meanings on us." - Earl Foley, LIBERTY, Summer 1974.

CONSENT: Consenting adults can do no wrong with or to each other." - Filthy Pierre, THE CONNECTION 115, p.93.

CONSENT: Critical to Spooner's argument is his answer to the question of how a government obtains the consent and allegiance of those it claims to govern - a central question in political philosophy. From one viewpoint, a person born under a government owes everything to that government and the only question is how best to serve the government. In this view, service (like the slave's service) is an inalienable birthright (or rather unavoidable birth-burden). Even liberal philosophers have accepted this idea, arguing that one is bound to a government just by being born (and living under the government's protection). But Spooner denies any obligation excepting one personally contracted and in writing; anything else is an illegal imposition - enforceable only through force. Spooner rejects every type of argument for a social contract; 'society' cannot contract obligations. Nor can a majority of people bind anyone but themselves individually to do something: they cannot contract for the unwilling, the unborn, or the indifferent. A just government must have 'the separate, individual consent of every man who is required to contribute, either by taxation or personal service to the government.'" - Charles Chiveley, introduction to Lysander Spooner, No Treason, I, Works I, p. 11. - And this consent must not only be individually given, just once, but remain individually withdrawable. - JZ, 23.6.94. – However, a community of volunteers can have its own kind of social contract for the affairs of its members. – JZ, 31.1.13.

CONSENT: Do away with collective and territorial 'consensus' politics and replace it by one of autonomy for all dissenters, if they desire it and are willing to undertake all its risks and burdens. - JZ, 5.3.75, 23.6.94.

CONSENT: economic action... is based on consent, government action, on coercion." - Roger Donway, THE FREEMAN, 4/74.

CONSENT: Even the Soviets consider individual consent as very important: They go to the length of extracting a 'confession' by torture. - JZ, 31.1.74.

CONSENT: For in reason, all government without the consent of the governed is the very definition of slavery." - Jonathan Swift, The Drapier's Letters, v, 1723. - And collective consent, unless unanimous, is not individual consent. - JZ, 23.6.93. - PANARCHISM.

CONSENT: Freedom consists in a People being governed by Laws made with their own Consent, and Slavery in the contrary."- J. Swift, quoted by Jack Markowitz in THE FREEMAN, 4/76. - I have never as yet formally consented to any law in either Germany or Australia. Why not? I was never asked! So I must conclude that I am a slave of all those laws others made over me quite without my consent. - JZ, 23.6.94. - REPRESENTATION, PARLIAMENT, POLITICIANS, LAWS

CONSENT: Government 'by consent of the people' means that A CERTAIN NUMBER OF PEOPLE have consented either to be governed by certain people or to be bound by certain laws. But those who do not so consent are forced to go along with it anyway." - R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.53. – TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACY, VOTING, MAJORITIES, MINORITIES, PANARCHISM

CONSENT: Government cannot exist without the tacit consent of the populace. This consent is maintained by keeping people in ignorance of their real power. Voting is not an expression of power, but an admission of powerlessness, since it cannot do otherwise than reaffirm the government's supposed legitimacy." - THE MATCH, June 75. - VOTING

CONSENT: He that complies against his will is of his own opinion still." - Samuel Butler, Haelibras.

CONSENT: How many involuntary taxpayers would withdraw their consent, if they could do so easily and without being punished for this action? – JZ, 4.10.12 on Facebook. – Q., WITHDRAWAL OF IT & TAXATION, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

CONSENT: I am as much for government by consent as any man, but where shall we find that consent?" - Cromwell. - Indeed, not in any territorial system with involuntary membership and exclusive monopoly for decision-making. But it can be found for almost all individuals and all groups through voluntary membership in exterritorially autonomous communities. This alternative he did not realize e.g. for the monarchists, aristocrats, religious, ethnical and other dissenters of his time. Even religious liberty was at his time only incompletely recognized - and this among a minority only. - JZ, 23.6.94.

CONSENT: I beg my friends the Liberals to tell me if ever in all history there was a Government which was based exclusively upon the consent of the people, and which was ready to dispense altogether with the use of force." - Benito Mussolini, in March, 1923 issue of GERARCHIA, translation by N.Y. World, 1923. – Fundamentally, he was right in considering himself merely as another coercive and monopolistic as well as collectivist TERRITORIALIST! – JZ, 20.11.08. - TERRITORIALISM

CONSENT: I never consented to having a government, not even a libertarian government." - View discussed by Hospers in REASON, 1/73. – To my knowledge, Hospers, otherwise a thorough philosopher, did never discuss this view SUFFICIENTLY. – Please, prove me wrong, if you can! – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSENT: I recently heard Dr Nathaniel Branden say that the basic question of libertarianism is: Will you deal with people on their voluntary consent or won't you? Child's anarchy is based on this answer. "... the proper response is that it doesn't matter what the criminal wants, nor what he contracts with from his government, only what is just." - Mr Baird, in OPTION, 10/76. - Only the consent of rational beings is decisive. - JZ, 18.11.82. - What criminals do to each other, under their own voluntary governance, is their affair. But if they commit a crime against a member of another exterritorially autonomous community, then this becomes an affair of that community and of all other communities of volunteers who are not criminals with involuntary victims. - JZ, 22.6.94, 20.11.08, 22.7.13.

CONSENT: I've said I would not hypnotise anyone; but in any case, neither you nor anyone else can be hypnotised without his or her innate consent. All things between individuals are done by consent. The prisoner consents to his captivity as the patient consents to his surgery - the difference is only in degree and pattern." - Gordon R. Dickson, Brothers, in Campbell Memorial Anthology, p. 174. - A quantitative difference can be so great that it can become a qualitative difference. A consent to a contract proposal for mutual profit is by degree and quality very different from a consent to sign a "confession" extracted under torture. - JZ, 23.6.94.

CONSENT: If Americans ever forget that American Government is not permitted to restrain or coerce any peaceful individual without his free consent, if Americans ever regard their use of their natural liberty as granted to them by the men in Washington or in the capitals of the States, then this third attempt to establish the exercise of human rights on earth is ended." - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.189.

CONSENT: If any man's money can be taken by a so-called government, without his own personal consent, all his other rights are taken with it; for with his money the government can, and will, hire soldiers to stand over him, compel him to submit to its arbitrary will, and kill him if he resists. - That your whole claim of a right to any man's money for the support of your government, without his consent, is the merest farce and fraud, is proved by the fact that you have no such evidence of your right to take it, as would be required of you, by one of your own courts, to prove a debt of five dollars, that might be honestly due you. - You and your lawmakers have no such evidence of your right of dominion over the people of this country, as would be required to prove your right to any material property, that you might have purchased. - When a man parts with any considerable amount of such material property as he has a natural right to part with, - as, for example, houses, or lands, or good, or clothing, or anything else of much value, - he usually gives, and the purchaser usually demands, some WRITTEN acknowledgement, receipt, bill of sale, or other evidence, that will prove that he voluntarily parted with it, and that the purchaser is now the real and true owner of it. But you hold that fifty millions of people have voluntarily parted, not only with their natural right of dominion over all their material property, but also with all their natural right of dominion over their own souls and bodies; when not one of them has ever given you a scrap of writing, or even 'made his mark', to that effect. - You have not so much as the honest signature of a single human being, granting to you or your lawmakers any right of dominion whatever over him or his property." – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.10. - There will not be any true political science unless such claims are either conceded or refuted. Ignoring them is just not good enough. But this is, largely, what has happened. - JZ, 23.6.94. - In other words, a political science, that deserves that name, does not exist as yet. The same is largely true for the "science of economics", or, in other words, most writers and lecturers of economics have excluded themselves, by their flawed statements, from whatever exists already of the science of economics. - JZ, 3.10.02. – VOLUNTARY TAXATION

CONSENT: If by putting a bayonet to a man's breast, and giving him his choice, to die, or be 'protected in his rights,' it secures his consent to the latter alternative, it then proclaims itself a free government, - a government resting on consent! - You yourself describe such a government as 'the best government ever vouchsafed to man.' - Can you tell me of one that is worse in principle? - But perhaps you will say that ours is not so bad, in principle, as the others, for the reason that here, once in two, four, or six years, each male adult is permitted to have one vote in ten millions, in choosing the public protectors. Well, if you think that that materially alters the case, I wish you joy of your remarkable discernment." - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.14, 15, in Works I. – TERRITORIALISM, COMPUSORY MEMBERSHIP IN OR SUBJECTION TO A TERRITORIAL STATE.

CONSENT: If it be said that the consent of the MOST NUMEROUS PARTY, in a nation, is sufficient to justify the establishment of their power over the less numerous party, it may be answered: First. That two men have no more natural right to exercise any kind of authority over one, than one has to exercise the same authority over two. A man's natural rights are his own, against the whole world; and any infringement of them is equally a crime, whether committed by one man, or by million; whether committed by one man, calling himself a robber, (or by any other name indicating his true character), or by millions, calling themselves a government." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, I/7, Works I. – MAJORITIES, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

CONSENT: If Natural Law is to be meaningful, NO PART OF ANY man's life and efforts can belong to anyone else without that man's voluntary consent. Any time that a man (or any group of men) takes authority over someone else's life without his consent, he is violating Natural Law." - R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.32. - PANARCHISM

CONSENT: if the consent of the citizens is required in order to decide that war should be declared ... nothing is more natural than that they should be very cautious in commencing such a poor game, decreeing for themselves all the calamities of war.' - Kant, Perpetual Peace, p.351; Beck, 94. Now, though Kant is prepared to allow a very wide range of governments to count as republican or representative, such governments must all be based (in some rather special sense) on CONSENT. This is not the explicit consent found in some social contract theory, but is to be explicated in terms of Kant's basic model of rational decision. A government can be said to be one of consent if it could have been chosen by a group or rational beings as a fairway of resolving their conflicts ..." - Jeffrie G. Murphy, Kant: The Philosophy of Right, p.134. - As if governments were nothing but arbitration courts voluntarily consulted by contending parties for each particular case! Alas, Kant still subscribed to and philosophised only about the territorial State model. - JZ, 22.6.94. - At least he recommended that we keep looking for ideal societies and stated that such search constituted the dignity of philosophy. Just a philosopher on the throne was not good enough for him as a philosopher. He even suggested that a society of devils could become, through self-interest, quite peaceful and moral in its outside behaviour, regardless of the devilish character and intentions of its members. - Alas, he made no clear and detailed  proposals in this direction, although he may have read Fichte's 1793 statement on the right of individuals to secede, in his book about the French Revolution. - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSENT: If the government can take a man's money without his consent, there is no limit to the additional tyranny it may practise upon him; for, with his money, it can hire soldiers to stand over him, keep him in subjection, plunder him at discretion, and kill him if he resists. And governments always will do this, as they everywhere and always have done it, except where the Common Law principle has been established." – Lysander Spooner, Taxation, Works II,. - To a large extent they do it even where they and jurists do pay lip service to Common Law. - JZ, 23.6.94. – TAXATION, TERRITORIALISM

CONSENT: In actual fact, consent to Government is consent to a use of force to hinder, restrain or stop individuals and minorities who act in ways that a majority does not approve or does not act to defend. Stop, thief!" - R. W. Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.30. - She does not sound as if she had ever read Spooner and Tucker on this. - JZ, 23.6.94.

CONSENT: in any cooperative activity among men, the unanimous consent of all parties is required, and if it is not, to that extent their rights are abridged." - Anarchist view attacked by John Hospers in REASON, 1/73. – However, see his formula, in the same article, below, starting with: … in the libertarian society ….

CONSENT: In establishing a social order, we need general consent to the rules of the game, or else the order that is erected cannot remain stable. As Ortega y Gasset said, “Order is not a pressure imposed upon society from without, but an equilibrium which is set up from within.” To achieve order, we must look for very general principles of organization that, by their nature, can elicit meaningful consent.” - Richard B. McKenzie, Bound to Be Free, Hoover Institute Press, 1982, p.53. – This consent cannot be achieved by territorial organizations forced upon whole populations, all of which contain numerous and diverse groups of dissenters. Thus the whole attempt to achieve order via territorial “unity”, imposed centrally and collectively upon all, at best by majorities, has to be given up. – JZ, 6.10.07. - ORDER, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EQUILIBRIUM, HARMONY, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL CHOICE, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, STABILITY

CONSENT: In number six, Spooner deals more harshly with the notion that the United States government is a government of consent. This government, he concludes, is one 'to which everybody must consent, or be shot.'" - Spooner, No Treason, VI, Works I, introduction by the editor, p.3, p.58.

CONSENT: In subsequent numbers, the author hopes to show that, under the principle of individual consent, the little government that mankind need, is not only practicable, but natural and easy; and that the Constitution of the United States authorises no government, except one depending wholly on voluntary support." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, I, p. 14, in Works I. - Has he anywhere described the coexistence of competing voluntary governments, each with exterritorial autonomy only, like de Puydt did, in his Panarchy article? - JZ, 23.6.94.- Perhaps he did, in one of the manuscripts that were burned with Tucker's library. - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSENT: in the libertarian society nothing will be required of a person that does not have his willing consent, whether in the political or the economic or the personal realm." - John Hospers, REASON, 1/73. - Kant suggested, instead: Nothing to which he, as a rational being, could not have given his consent, but very well something to which, as a rational being, he would have given his consent. Moreover, the consent does not, as a rule, have to be given from moment to moment but for contractual periods for which one binds oneself to one or the other constitutional, legislative or judicial system or any desired mixture of them. - JZ, revised, 23.6.94. – Here even Hospers, the “limited” territorial government advocate, came close to panarchism, just like Ayn Rand did in many of her remarks – but without quite reaching and expressing it clearly enough. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSENT: In the Treatises 'the body politic is an aggregate of consenting individuals.'" - John Locke in Hutchinson-Harris: The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.84. - I'd rather have said: "the bodies politic are aggregates of consenting individuals", on the assumption that they need not be confined to or possess monopoly powers over national territories. The small differences in the wordings indicate that with a little more precision in their writings many writers and political philosophers would have arrived at panarchism, would have recognized the options offered by exterritorially autonomous volunteer communities. That might have led them to study their historical role and their potential future. As it is, they largely looked only at one facet, thought only in one dimension rather than in two or three - to provide us with an open and progressive future, without disturbing the conservatives and reactionaries and insisting on a “united front” for all "progressive" forces. - JZ, 6.1.93, 22.6.94.

CONSENT: It is also said that the people govern themselves by delegating powers into the hands of representatives. Do they, indeed? It rather appears to me that, when a man relegates the control over his purse, the control over his body, or the direction of his energies to others, - as if he had lost the use of his head, - ABDICATION best describes his performance." - Badcock, Slaves to Duty, chapter "Consent of the Governed".

CONSENT: It is certain that the most natural and human government is that of consent, for that binds freely ... when men hold their liberty by true obedience to rules of their own making." - William Penn, Essay Towards the Present and Future Peace of Europe, 1693. - The own consent and the own rules can logically only mean individual consent and voluntary membership, continuously assured by freedom for individuals to join and to secede. - JZ, 23.6.94. - PANARCHISM

CONSENT: It is the denial of this mutuality - the existence of a privileged caste that rules, - that is the fatal enemy of human happiness. And this is true of all rule - despotic, limited monarchic, or democratic. To take from any person anything against his consent, violates fundamental morality, and the ethics of numbers under majority rule in no way condones the offence." - J. Donovan, quoted in Bob James, Australian Anarchism, p.20. - FORCE, TAXATION

CONSENT: It is therefore a first principle, a very SINE QUA NON of political freedom, that a man can be taxed only by his personal consent. And the establishment of this principle, WITH TRIAL BY JURY, insures freedom of course; because: 1. No man would pay his money unless he had first contracted for such a government as he was willing to support; and, 2. Unless the government then kept itself within the terms of its contract, juries would not enforce the payment of the tax. Besides, the agreement to be taxed would probably be entered into but for a year at a time. If, in that year, the government proved itself either inefficient or tyrannical, to any serious degree, the contract would not be renewed." - Spooner, Works II, Taxation. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION

CONSENT: Kant believed that an action can be a duty for me only if it is in accordance with a principle to which I consent - a principle which is self-imposed. A person, Kant maintained, 'is bound only to act in conformity with a will which is his own.' Rousseau too insisted that a form of society must be evolved in which each man obeys himself alone; he developed the notion of a general will which always wills the common good, and therefore represents the real will of all citizens. Thus when a man is forced to do something which he does not want to do, he is being helped to do what he REALLY wills. T. H. Green believed that Rousseau's concept of a general will distinguished him from all previous political thinkers, and constituted his great contribution to political theory. The true sovereign, according to Green, embodies the general will, which is my will, and the citizen is thus obliged to obey a state (in so far as the actual state approaches the idea) because he has willed (perhaps unconsciously) the laws which it commands." - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.40. - This reveals some of the torturous "reasoning" people engage in when they are merely contemplating the territorial State model with compulsory membership, rather than exterritorially autonomous institutions, with voluntary membership, which can come as close as possible, socially, economically and politically, to individual consent to whole platforms and organizations and their activities and package deal exchanges. - JZ, 22.6.94. - CONTRACT, OBLIGATION, DUTY, MORALITY, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIALITY

CONSENT: Let no one tell me that silence gives consent, because whoever is silent dissents.” – Maria Isabel Barreno, ANALOG, May 92, p. 142. – Under threats, in terror and regularly in totalitarian regimes consent might be formally and publicly given but merely in order to hide one’s dissent. – JZ, 23.9.08. - DISSENT, SILENCE

CONSENT: Libertarians believe that no individual or government should interfere with CONSENTING individuals who wish to produce goods and services for other CONSENTING individuals." - Society for Libertarian Life, leaflet. – However, how many libertarians do ever quite clearly advocate for statists the right to practise their particular statism among consenting adults only, i.e., exterritorially, under personal law? Without that kind of tolerance towards the majority they might never or only in further centuries gain their form of libertarianism for themselves. In the meantime, there are X chances for a general Holocaust. – JZ, 1.11.10.

CONSENT: Long sufferance is equal to consent." - Legal maxim: "Longa patientia trahitur ad consensum." - That would hardly apply to a terrorist, totalitarian, inquisitionally or dictatorially achieved "consent". - Were the slaves or political prisoners of forced labour camps "consenting"? - JZ, 22.6.94. – Does that maxim make long-term tyrannies somehow right? – JZ, 19.11.08. –

CONSENT: Men being by nature all free, equal, and independent, no one can be put out of this estate and subjected to the political power of another without his own consent." - Locke, Treatise on Civil Government, ii, par. 95. –Panarchism, individual sovereignty and individual secessionism, as well as exterritorial autonomy are implied in such statements, although not necessarily intended. - JZ, 3.10.02. - NATURAL LAW, GOVERNMENT, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSION, CHOICE, SELF-DETERMINATION, INDEPENDENCE, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PANARCHISM.

CONSENT: More recently, Giovanni Baldelli has followed Bakunin in arguing that the 'rule of authority is acceptable if it is based on competence as well as consent.'" - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.44. - Why should people not be free to choose, also, an incompetent doctor, quack or witch-doctor for themselves? - JZ, 22.6.94. Or some ignorant and prejudiced utopian “leader” or mis-leader – for themselves? – JZ, 31.1.13. - LEADERSHIP, PANARCHISM, AUTHORITY, VOLUNTARISM, STATISM

CONSENT: My rights end where yours begin. I may do anything I wish with my own life, liberty and property without your consent; but I may do nothing with your life, liberty and property without your consent." - Workers Party leaflet, HUMAN RIGHTS. – In spite of such general principles the minds of most of the members and leaders of the W.P. remained blocked towards panarchism. – They still do not try to supply an ideal declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties and thus remain, correspondingly, unaware and ignorant of some of the most important individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 11.11.10. – PANARCHISM, WORKERS PARTY, HUMAN RIGHTS

CONSENT: No attempt or pretence, that was ever carried into practical operation amongst civilised men - unless possibly the pretence of a 'Divine Right', on the part of some, to govern and enslave others - embodied so much of shameless absurdity, falsehood, impudence, robbery, usurpation, tyranny, and villainy of every kind, as the attempt or pretence of establishing a government BY CONSENT, and getting the actual consent of only so many as may be necessary to keep the rest in subjection by force. Such a government is a mere conspiracy of the strong against the weak. It no more rests on consent than does the worst government on earth.” – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, II, p. 15, in Works I. – MAJORITY, MANDATE, VOTING, DEMOCRACY

CONSENT: No constitution, State, law, tax, regulation, parliament, politician, bureaucrat, department, court or governmental police force has my individual consent. It was never asked for nor given. - JZ, 19.10.93. - However, I once swore allegiance to the English Queen, which was easy for me, even as an anarchist, since she does not hold any constitutional decision-making power over me. She has only some ultimate veto powers against too power-hungry politicians, which were once used, in Australia, when the then General Governor Kerr, her representative, recalled Whitlam, the socialist prime minister. That recall was approved by a landslide victory against his party in the subsequent election. Alas, she, too, had no power to decide that Whitlam could continue in power - but only over the Whitlamites. - Nor is she even free to publicly utter any political opinion, like: Republicanism for Australian Republicans is all right for them, as long as they do not interfere with those who want to continue the constitutional monarchy for themselves - or any other ism. - If it were up to me, the Queen, too, should not be deprived of any individual liberty, least of all freedom of expression and freedom of association and disassociation. - JZ, 22.6.94.

CONSENT: No government has my consent. - JZ, 11.2.73. – I meant only territorial governments. I have no objections to governments by and over volunteers only, i.e. those, which do not claim a territorial monopoly. – JZ, 22.7.13.

CONSENT: No government has the right to dispose of your life or your property without your consent." - Guy W. Riggs.

CONSENT: No man is good enough to govern another man without the other’s consent.” – Walter Bagehot, according to ANALOG, 12/96. – GOVERNMENT

CONSENT: No man is good enough to rule another man without his consent." – Abraham Lincoln, retranslated from a German version. – That would exclude rule of individuals and of minorities by a majority, too, with the exception of those who are aggressors or other criminals against non-consenting victims. – Such people or organizations must be resisted and ruled, including all territorialists. - JZ, 20.11.08. – RULERS, RULE, AGGRESSORS, CRIMINALS, DEMOCRACY, TERRITORIALISM

CONSENT: No person will rule over me with my consent. I will rule over no man." - W. L. Garrision, in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.154.

CONSENT: Not surprisingly, Godwin rejects the idea that the justification for government can be found in some original social contract. Even if there had been a contract, it could not be binding on subsequent generations and in changed conditions. Equally, the idea of tacit consent would make any existing government, however tyrannical, legitimate. As for direct consent, it is no less absurd since it would mean that government can have no authority over any individual who withholds his or her approval." - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.207, expressing, hopefully, only Godwin's qualification upon individual consent. On the latter he should have distinguished between the consent of aggressors to punishment for their aggressions and the consent of victims to aggression, or, rather, their dissent to it. - JZ, 22.6.94.

CONSENT: Of the traditional arguments for authority, only the one rooted in consent survived and flourished into the nineteenth century. Godwin had clearly perceived this at the end of the eighteenth century. 'The Voice of the People is not ... the voice of Truth and of God', he warns..." - B. R. Barber, Superman and Common Men, p.31.

CONSENT: one man's consent is just as necessary as any other man's." - Carl Watner, REASON, 3/73. - Nevertheless, to my knowledge, Watner has not yet drawn the panarchistic and exterritorial autonomy or experimental freedom conclusions from this, in any of his extensive writings - and this in spite of his explicit commitment to voluntarism, neither in his journal THE VOLUNTARYIST, nor in a number of pamphlets and books. Nor has he explained why he has not done so. Can anyone give me an explanation for this stance? - JZ, 23.6.94. - A mere superficial explanation for his behaviour is that he declared "government" to be inherently coercive and monopolistic and thus a "competing government" would be a contradiction in terms. Apparently, he could not envision any government without a territorial monopoly and voluntary membership at all, in spite of the historical precedents for their existence. To simply say that any government that has no territorial power and compulsory membership is no government at all, is like saying that the Pope does not rule over Catholics in the world at all, because his rule is exterritorial and limited to his voluntary members only. - JZ, 3.10.02. – PANARCHISM, GOVERNMENT

CONSENT: Peace, safety, and quiet for all, can be enjoyed only under laws that obtain the consent of all. Hence tyrants frequently yield to the demands of justice from those weaker than themselves, as a means of buying peace and safety." – Lysander Spooner, Trial by Jury, Works II, p.220.

CONSENT: PENTHOUSE: You have said you are in favor of any sort of capitalist acts between consenting adults. Are you also in favor of any other acts between consenting adults? - ROTHBARD: Any actions, capitalist or personal or of any other nature, performed by consenting adults should be permitted. Whether any of us personally approves of them is another story and is really irrelevant to the political question of their legality. This goes across the board. (*) Incidentally, many supposedly civil libertarians who would favor legalisation of drugs or legalisation of liquor or alcohol - which I would favor - are somehow opposed to the legalisation of cigarette advertising, which should be just as much a civil liberties question as the other issues." - PENTHOUSE INTERNATIONAL, 10/76. – (*) That would include statism for statist and thus panarchism or polyarchism. – JZ, 20.11.08.

CONSENT: Protection and taxation without consent is itself invasion; hence Anarchism favors a system of voluntary taxation and protection." - Benjamin R. Tucker, LIBERTY, 212-2. - There are dozens, if not thousands, of varieties of both - and individual preferences for them. To each his own. - JZ, 21.11.82, 22.6.94. – To each his own sport, fashion, art, folly or whole other activity, method, system, institution, personal law, community, society or governance system. – JZ, 31.1.13.

CONSENT: Taking a man's money without his consent, is also as much robbery, when it is done by millions of men, acting in concert, and calling themselves a government, as when it is done by a single individual, acting on his own responsibility, and calling himself a highwayman. Neither the numbers engaged in the act, nor the different characters they assume as a cover for the act, alter the nature of the act itself." - Spooner, Works, II, Taxation.

CONSENT: Taxation Is Theft. 'Governments derive their rights from the consent of the governed.' Maybe you've consented to have them take your money but you can't consent to have them take mine. - And I know I haven't." - From some libertarian publication, 1977.

CONSENT: That all forms of coercion and aggression are always immoral. - That the only system consistent with personal freedoms in the economic arena is one that does not interfere with free trade between individuals. - THEREFORE, we, as libertarians, resolve to oppose all forms of aggression by any State, Government, self-appointed savior, individual, or association of individuals. We further resolve to oppose taxation, conscription, eminent domain, laws which create victimless 'crimes', and also programs forced onto individuals without their consent. It is time that the chains of authoritarianism in economics and morality be broken. Individual rights and coercion cannot co-exist. Liberty cannot be compromised, and we will settle for no less than freedom in our time." - From LIBERTAS STATEMENT, of the Society for Libertarian Life, n.d.

CONSENT: The agreement is a simple one, like any other agreement. It is the same as one that should say: We, the people of the town of A -, agree to sustain a church, a school, a hospital, or a theatre, for ourselves and our children. - Such an agreement clearly could have no validity, except as between those who actually consented to it. If a portion only of 'the people of the town of A’ should assent to this contract, and should then proceed to COMPEL contributions of money or service from those who had not consented, they would be mere robbers; and would deserve to be treated as such. - Neither the conduct nor the rights of these signers would be improved at all by their saying to the dissenters: We offer you equal rights with ourselves, in the benefits of the church, school, hospital, or theatre, which we propose to establish, and equal voice in the control of it. It would be a sufficient answer for the others to say: We want no share in the benefits, and no voice in the control, of your institution; and will do nothing to support it. - The number who actually consented to the Constitution of the United States, at the first, was very small. Considered as the act of the whole people, the adoption of the Constitution was the merest farce and imposture, binding upon nobody." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, Works I, II/4.

CONSENT: The authority of government, even such as I am willing to submit to, - for I will cheerfully obey those who know and can do better than I, and in many things even those who neither know nor can do so well, — is still an impure one: to be strictly just, it must have the sanction and consent of the governed. It can have no pure right over my person and property but what I concede to it. — Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience [1849] – Quoted in FFF Email Update, Friday, November 2, 2012 . - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

CONSENT: The basis of law ... provided not by one-sided command, but by agreement." - Prof Vinogradoff. - And this agreement can usually only be achieved under exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities. - JZ, 4.6.92. - Compare Don Werkheiser's distinction between "single convenience" and "mutual convenience" relationships.

CONSENT: THE CONSENT OF THE GOVERNED, as a rhetorical device, is as witless as the others. Anarchists don't consent to be governed. More and more lesbians and gay males don't consent to be governed. Who of sound mind would consent to be robbed, enslaved and murdered? If voting were the yardstick of consent, there are far more people who do not consent to be governed than who do. But still the law-makers would have us believe that they speak for us; that unknown to us, we have chosen them to work their robberies, enslavements and murders; and that without said law-makers we should be bereft of freedom and in sorry plight. Were ever more outlandish lies put forth - and swallowed?" - Eric Thorndale, THE STORM, Winter 78, p. 19. – POLITICIANS, RULERS, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS, REPRESENTATIVES, DEPUTIES

CONSENT: The consent on which political organization and action rest, never extends to violations of natural rights and natural laws." - View ascribed by W. A. Dunning, Political Theories, p. 69, to Adam Ferguson, 1723 - 1816. – Alas, there are still all too many, who do not know or appreciate or even oppose the very concept of human rights. They should be free to associate with likeminded people and to try to get along without them. However, like slaves, who had sold themselves into slavery, they should be free to claim their genuine individual rights and liberties as soon as they come to appreciate them and to the extent that they do, by seceding from the unfree societies and choosing for themselves those somewhat or much more free societies that they prefer for themselves. – JZ, 11.11.10. - HUMAN RIGHTS

CONSENT: The existence of party wings (left, right, centre), party discipline, party whips and numerous leadership struggles do prove that even within one and the same party a true consent is no more than a convenient fiction. - JZ, 22.6.94. – PARTIES, INFIGHTING, LEADERSHIP STRUGGLES

CONSENT: the Founding Fathers said in the Declaration of Independence that ‘government are instituted among men driving their just power from the consent of the governed’ … - FRANCIS WHEEN, How Mumbo-Jumbo Conquered the World, A Short History of Modern Delusions, Harper Perennial, London, 2004, p.11. – Alas, the author shares many of the modern delusions, including the very large one that consent can be achieved territorially for whole populations, instead of merely individually from and for volunteers. – JZ, 19.2.12. – CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM & ITS COMPULSION & MONOPOLISM

CONSENT: the legitimacy of the government depends not only on consent to its founding but also on consent to its ordinary on-going operations." - Williamson M. Evers, JLS, Summer 77, 189. – Consent by peaceful individuals and minorities rather than by the temporary majority. – JZ, 20.11.08. – No politician got the power of attorney from me. – JZ, 31.1.13.

CONSENT: The long and atrocious history of enforced loyalty oaths, under threats of varied punishment, has at least one rightful core: an indirect recognition, namely that any political association should rest upon individual consent. That consent was so misunderstood, and at the same time so valued, that a farce or pretence of it was enforced. - JZ, 23.6.94. – OATHS, LOYALTY, OBEDIENCE

CONSENT: The main factor in political organization that we have to recover is the factor of consent, ..." - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.151, referring to territorially or industrially decentralized organisations like unions and the point of view of J. J. Laski. - On the territorial model this will remain an unobtainable fiction. Only temporarily can consent be achieved, within voluntary associations, free to do their own things, under exterritorial autonomy, with dissenters free to leave at any time and consenters free to join at any time, individually. - JZ, 22.6.84. - Majority, Voting, Parties, Voluntarism, Minorities, Democracy, Panarchism, Experimental Freedom, Individual Secession.

CONSENT: The meaning of this is simply: We, the people of the United States, ACTING FREELY AND VOLUNTARILY AS INDIVIDUALS, CONSENT AND AGREE that we will cooperate with each other in sustaining such a government as is provided for in this Constitution. - The necessity for the consent of 'the people' is implied in this declaration. THE WHOLE AUTHORITY OF THE CONSTITUTION RESTS UPON IT. IF THEY DID NOT CONSENT, IT WAS OF NO VALIDITY. OF COURSE IT HAD NO VALIDITY, EXCEPT AS BETWEEN THOSE WHO ACTUALLY CONSENTED. No one's consent could be presumed against him, without his actual consent being given, any more than in the case of any other contract to pay money, or render service. And to make it binding upon any one, his signature, or other positive evidence of consent, was as necessary as in the case of any other contract. If the instrument meant to say that any of 'the people of the United States' would be bound by it, who did not consent, it was a usurpation and a lie." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, II, pp 4 & 5, Works I.

CONSENT: the most despotic governments in the world rest upon that very principle, viz: the consent of the strongest party. These governments are formed simply by the consent or agreement of the strongest party, that they will act in concert in subjecting the weaker party to their dominion. And the despotisms, and tyranny, and injustice of these governments consist in that very fact. Or at least that is the first step in their tyranny; a necessary preliminary to all the oppressions that are to follow." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, I, in Works I, p. 7. - In "democracies" there is simply put a time limit on such despotism. Alas, it is always followed by some other majority despotism. - JZ, 23.6.94.

CONSENT: the movement of the progressive societies has hitherto been a movement FROM STATUS TO CONTRACT." - J. J. S. Maine, Ancient Law, p.100. - Alas, to my knowledge he failed to describe details of the future contractual societies. - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSENT: The only idea they have ever manifested as to what is a government of consent, is this - that it is one to which everybody must consent, or be shot. This idea was the dominant one on which the war was carried on; and it is the dominant one, now that we have got what is called 'peace'." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI, Works I, p. 58. - Sørengaard Srugis shared Tyler Wallace's status update. – Facebook, 11.1.13. - UNDER TERRITORIALISM & STATISM

CONSENT: The only moral dealings between men are those which are by consent, and that means the consent of every person involved." - Mark Tier, FREE ENTERPRISE, 8/74.

CONSENT: The practical difficulty with our government has been, that most of those who have administered it, have taken it for granted that the Constitution, AS IT IS WRITTEN, was a thing of no importance; that it neither said what it meant, nor meant what it said; that it was gotten up by swindlers (as many of its authors doubtless were), who said a great many good things, which they did not mean, and meant a great many bad things, which they dared not say; that these men, under the false pretence of a government resting on the consent of the whole people, designed to entrap them into a government of a part, who should be powerful and fraudulent enough to cheat the weaker portion out of all the good things that were said, but not meant, and subject them to all the bad things that were meant, but not said. And most of those who have administered the government, have assumed that all these swindling intentions were to be carried into effect, in the place of the written Constitution.” – Lysander Spooner, NoTreason, II, X, p. 14, Works II. - By now most of the original promises of the Constitution have been legislated or juridically interpreted away and who appeals to them in court gets almost laughed out of court or is put out of the way. - JZ, 23.6.94. - CONSTITUTIONALISM

CONSENT: The question, then, returns, What is implied in a government's resting on consent? - Manifestly this one thing (to say nothing of others) is necessarily implied in the idea of a government's resting on consent, viz. THE SEPARATE, INDIVIDUAL CONSENT OF EVERY MAN WHO IS REQUIRED TO CONTRIBUTE, EITHER BY TAXATION OR PERSONAL SERVICE, TO THE SUPPORT OF THE GOVERNMENT. (*) All this, or nothing, is necessarily implied, because one man's consent is just as necessary as any other man's. If, for example, A claims that his consent is necessary to the establishment or maintenance of government, he thereby necessarily admits that B's and every other man's are equally necessary; because B's and every other man's rights are just as good as his own. On the other hand, if he denies that B's or any other particular man's consent is necessary, he thereby necessarily admits that neither his own, nor any other man's is necessary; and that government need not be founded on consent at all. - There is, therefore, no alternative but to say, either that the separate, individual consent of every man, WHO IS REQUIRED TO AID, IN ANY WAY, IN SUPPORTING THE GOVERNMENT, is necessary, or that the consent of no one is necessary." - Lysander Spooner, No Treason, No. 1. - (*) The source I used (which, I don't remember) had inserted here, in brackets: "(Or, in Adler's terms, the individual consent of every member of the 'common enterprise'.)" - I believe in a particular cut-off point for "consent" to every particular measure of any common enterprise. That, to me, is voluntary membership, with the option of individual secession. The giving of notice or a withdrawal period might be required, except when individual rights are acutely threatened by the "common" enterprise. Within that voluntary framework even compulsory membership fees become "voluntary taxes or contributions" and continued membership and obedience becomes individual consent, at least to individually still acceptable compromises. - Moreover, I hold and stress more than most that "exterritorial autonomy" is required for such volunteer communities, to practise their "hobby" systems, ideologies, programmes or package deals. - In our private life-styles most of us are already panarchists. But most of us still think in terms of territorial monopolies and coercion on what we perceive to be political, economic and social questions and institutions - which are, usually, not as close to our hearts, minds and interests as our personal life style preferences are. - How can one induce people to apply, in principle, what they do practise and love already in their life styles and religions and world views, to the remaining monopolised and coercively unitised and uniformed territorial government spheres? - Will we never become fully conscious of the principles under which we already prefer to live and apply them in the remaining spheres, where they remain infringed or suppressed and largely unexpressed, even if our own lives, that of our families and friends, of our communities and that of mankind depend upon this? - Will we, like ants, continue to build our nests on paths and in temporarily dry water courses, unaware what we are thus doing to ourselves? - JZ, 22.6.94.

CONSENT: The theory of free government is that it is formed by the voluntary contract of the people individually with each other. This is the theory, (although it is not, as it ought to be, the fact) in all the governments in the United States, as also in the government of England. The theory assumes that each man, who is a party to the government, and contributes to its support, has individually and freely consented to it. Otherwise the government would have no right to tax him for its support, for taxation without consent is robbery. This theory, then, necessarily supposes that this government, which is formed by the free consent of all, has no powers except such as ALL the parties to it have individually agreed that it shall have and especially that it has no power to pass any LAWS, except such as ALL the parties have agreed that it may pass." – Lysander Spooner, Trial By Jury, Works II, p.216.

CONSENT: The very term, government, implies that it is carried on against the consent of the governed ..." - George Fitzhugh, Cannibals All, 1857, p. 353. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

CONSENT: There are probably as many forms, expression, understandings and misunderstandings of consent as there are of dissent, of voluntarism and of coercion and compulsion. Not a single formula or definition can cover or express them all sufficiently. - JZ, 12.1.90.

CONSENT: There is, insisted Hobbes, 'no obligation on any man which arises not from some act of his own'. The moral sovereignty of Leviathan stems from the consent or promise of the citizens - this can, for Hobbes, be the only possible source of its authority." - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, referring to Hobbes’ Leviathan, 2:21. - Without including the exterritorial personal law options, based on individual and voluntary secessionism and associationism and individual sovereignty, leading to associational exterritorial autonomy, individual and collective consent cannot be sufficiently separated and combined. - JZ, 22.6.94.

CONSENT: Therefore a man's voting under the Constitution of the United States, is not to be taken as evidence that he ever freely assented to the Constitution, EVEN FOR THE TIME BEING. Consequently, we have no proof that any very large portion, even of the actual voters of the United States, ever really and voluntarily consented to the Constitution, EVEN FOR THE TIME BEING. Nor can we ever have such proof, until every man is left perfectly free to consent, or not, without thereby subjecting himself or his property to injury or trespass from others." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, II/6, in Works I. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM

CONSENT: They do not consent who act under a mistake." - Legal maxim: "Non videntur qui errant consentire.

CONSENT: This is not yet an age of consent - but it should be one based on individual consent and refusal. - JZ, n.d.

CONSENT: This theory supposes that there may be certain laws that will be beneficial to ALL, - so beneficial that ALL consent to be taxed for their maintenance. For the maintenance of these specific laws, in which all are interested, all associate. And they associate for the maintenance of those laws ONLY, in which ALL are interested. It would be absurd to suppose that all would associate, and consent to be taxed, for purposes which were beneficial only to a part; and especially for purposes that were injurious to any. A government of the whole, therefore, can have no powers except such as ALL the parties consent that it may have." – Lysander Spooner, Trial by Jury, Works II, p.216.

CONSENT: to secure ... rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed." - Bill of Rights of Virginia, 1776. – In a whole territory hardly all of its adult inhabitants will ever give their unanimous consent. It is thus misleading to go on talking about consent with regard to territorial democracies, republics and other States. – JZ, 11.11.10. – TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACY, REPRESENTATION

CONSENT: To take a man's property without his consent is robbery; and to assume his consent, where no actual consent is given, makes the taking none the less robbery. If it did, the highwayman has the same right to assume a man's consent to part with his purse, than any other man, or body of men, can have. And his assumption would afford as much moral justification for his robbery as does a like assumption, on the part of the government, for taking a man's property without his consent." – Lysander Spooner, Taxation, Works II.

CONSENT: Undoubtedly, Tucker admitted the self-restraint exercised by such individuals constitutes a form of social regulation. 'But regulation, under the law of liberty, comes of selection and voluntary assent' and must not contain an element of external coercion. Although Herbert Spencer's influence is undeniably present in Tucker's social philosophy, especially in his early years, it is not true that his viewpoint was exclusively, or even predominantly Spencerian. - 'Anarchists recognize in Herbert Spencer a kindred spirit, and offer to his memory their tribute of admiration and gratitude', Tucker wrote some years later, 'but they cannot accept him as a trustworthy exponent of their political philosophy.' - For although Spencer recognized the individual's right to free decision in economic matters, he wound up justifying the interference of the state in the area of national defence and the maintenance of social order." - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.147. - Spencer's chapter XIX, headed: The Right to Ignore the State, in the original edition of Social Statics, drew one of the most important conclusions from individual consent and individual sovereignty, the right of non-participation, of individual secession, to remain neutral towards a state or a law, is apparently so densely and correctly reasoned that as yet I have to find any serious attempt to refute it, point by point. - JZ, 23.6.94. - And yet Spencer rejected this chapter for later editions - without, to my knowledge, ever clearly stating why he did so. R. A. Childs was also supposed to have rejected his earlier individual sovereignty views - but, again, I have not found this change of view documented. Have you? - JZ, 3.10.02. – How can important writers like these fail to give their reasons - for changing their mind – quite clearly in writing? That makes their verbal renunciation, if it really happened, suspect. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSENT: Voting does not prove consent: "In truth, in the case of individuals, their actual voting is not to be taken as proof of consent, EVEN FOR THE TIME BEING (let alone as consent for political authority AS SUCH – RAC). (Roy Childs? - JZ) On the contrary, it is to be considered that, without his consent ever having been asked, a man finds himself environed by a government that he cannot resist; a government that forces him to pay money, render service, and forgo the exercise of many of his natural rights, under peril of weighty punishments. He sees, too, that other men practice this tyranny over him by use of the ballot. He sees further that, if he will but use the ballot himself, he has some chance of relieving himself from this tyranny of others, by subjecting them to his own. In short, he finds himself, without his consent, so situated that, if he use the ballot, he may become a master; if he does not use it, he must become a slave. And he has no other alternative than these two. In self-defense, he attempts the former. His case is analogous to that of a man who has been forced into battle, where he must either kill others or be killed himself. BECAUSE TO SAVE HIS OWN LIFE IN BATTLE, A MAN ATTEMPTS TO TAKE THE LIVES OF HIS OPPONENTS, IT IS NOT TO BE INFERRED THAT THE BATTLE IS ONE OF HIS OWN CHOOSING. Neither in contests with the ballot - which is a mere substitute for a bullet - because, as his only chance of self-preservation, a man uses a ballot, is it to be inferred that the contest is one into which he voluntarily entered; that he voluntarily sets up all his own natural rights, as a stake against those of others, to be lost or won by the mere power of numbers? On the contrary, it is to be considered that, in an exigency, into which he had been forced by others, and in which no other means of self-defence offered, he, as a matter of necessity, used the only one that was left to him. - Doubtless, the most miserable of men, under the most oppressive government in the world, if allowed the ballot, would use it, if they could see any chance of thereby ameliorating their condition. But it would not, therefore, be a legitimate inference that the government itself, that crushed them, was one which they voluntarily set up, or even consented to." - Lysander Spooner, No Treason, No. 2. - Emphasis by editor, probably, by Roy Childs. - JZ

CONSENT: We are morally obligated to obey the law, Kant claims, because we have, in the requisite sense, CONSENTED to it: '(One) juridical attribute inseparably bound up with the nature of a citizen as such ... is the lawful freedom to obey no law other than one to which he has given his consent.'" - Jeffrie G. Murphy, Kant: The Philosophy of Right, 134. - A "consent" that has been given merely as a political vote and around x corners and y middlemen and committees and not, individually, to any particular law or clause of it, can hardly be called a true consent. - JZ, 22.6.94. – COMPROMISE, VOTING,

CONSENT: We have so far only raised one question: why should a rational person give what is in effect a blank check, an open-ended consent, to a government?" - Roy Childs, Anarchism and Justice, IV, INDIVIDUALIST 10/71.

CONSENT: what is for the common good must be done by the 'Common Consent of the whole realm'; ..." - J. Toulmin Smith, Local Self-Government & Centralization, p.30. - A consent that is rare to achieve between two close friends, rarer still between close family members and almost impossible to achieve within extended families, is here presumed achievable for the whole realm - or at least within the framework of autonomous local self-governments.- However, friends and family members might well belong to different panarchies, as happened historically. – See Edward Gibbon, Decline & Fall of The Roman Empire, par.38: “The Laws of the Barbarians”. - JZ, 22.6.94.

CONSENT: What substitute for their consent is offered to the weaker party, whose rights are thus annihilated, struck out of existence, by the stronger? Only this: THEIR CONSENT IS PRESUMED! That is, these usurpers condescendingly and graciously PRESUME that those whom they enslave, CONSENT to surrender their all of life, liberty, and property into the hands of those who thus usurp dominion over them! And it is pretended that this presumption of their consent - when no actual consent has been given - is sufficient to save the rights of the victims, and to justify the usurpers! As well might the highwayman pretend to justify himself by presuming that the traveller CONSENTS to part with his money. As well might the assassin justify himself by simply PRESUMING that his victim consents to part with his life. As well might the holder of chattel slaves attempt to justify himself by presuming that they consent to his authority, and to the whips and the robbery which he practises upon them. The presumption is simply a presumption that the weaker party consent to be slaves." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, II, 15, 16, in Works I. – MAJORITY, MANDATE, VOTING, DEMOCRACY

CONSENT: When a white man governs himself, that is self-government, But when he governs himself and also governs some other men, that is worse than self government - that is despotism. What I do mean to say is that no man is good enough to govern another man without that other's consent." - Abraham Lincoln. - Then why did he conduct the fight for unification, rather than for secession of all white and of all black dissenters? - JZ, 23.6.94. – INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

CONSENT: whether murder has in fact occurred depends entirely on the will of the party being affected. The same action, e.g. the administration of a noxious gas, could be, depending on the recipient's desires, either murder or euthanasia." - Don Franze, Reply to Peter Crosby's, in The Utopia of Competition, in THE PERSONALIST. - I have not yet seen the whole of that discussion and wish that journal were available on micro-fiche. Since, mostly, they do not have to pay for their publications, academics do not like to consider the cheap and permanent microfiche or disc self-publishing alternative, and look down upon these alternative media as inferior and less respectable ones. Consequently, their views are largely out of print. But that does not bother them, since they can mostly access them in university libraries. From this ivory tower point of view, the views and interests of others and their right to information access, is of little interest to them. - JZ, 23.6.94.

CONSENT: Without his consent ever having been asked, a man finds himself environed by a government that he cannot resist; a government that forces him to pay money, render service, and forgo the exercise of many of his natural rights, under peril of weighty punishments." – Lyander Spooner, No Treason, No.II.

CONSENT: Your government may, of course, have the MIGHT to do anything it wants with you and yours. But it does not have the RIGHT unless you have given your consent. Period." - Guy W. Riggs.

CONSENTING ADULTS: Anything goes between consenting adults, and (implicitly), nothing goes but that which is between consenting adults.” – Walter Block, Defending the Undependable, 181, Fox & Wilkes, 1991, Special ed. from LFB, July 4, 1991.

CONSEQUENCES: As John W. Campbell once remarked: "You can't do only one thing." And the side effects of a process are not always immediately obvious.” - Timothy Zahn, A Lingering Death, p.76 in ANALOG, 12/80. - ACTIONS, INTERRELATIONSHIPS, SIDE EFFECTS, SHORT & LONG-TERM RESULTS

CONSEQUENCES: In nature there are neither rewards nor punishments - there are consequences." - R. G. Ingersoll, 1833 -1899.

CONSEQUENCES: Legislators rarely foresee the long-term and disastrous consequences of their well-meaning but muddling and meddling legislation. Often these consequences are the contrary of what they expected. Nor have they ever made the systematic study of them, as Herbert Spencer once had suggested. Their objective examination and the vast and often repeated evidence it would provide, would be devastating for any future attempt at legislative interventionism with natural rights and liberties, with laissez faire, free enterprise, freedom of contract, association, exchange and free markets in every sphere among volunteers. All kinds of statists should be confined with their laws, constitutions, institutions and policies to their remaining volunteers, under personal law or exterritorial autonomy. We should be prepared to spend more on such examinations than was spent upon any royal commission so far. However, reformers, historians, lawyers, economists etc. should be prepared to work willingly and free of charge, on their computers, towards such an aim. - JZ, 23.6.94. - Spencer’s study would have included e.g.: motives for legislation, legal steps taken to "solve" a problem, effects of this legislation and the reasons given for repeal of it when their wrongful and harmful effects were, finally, perceived to be unbearable. - Spencer wanted to do this once for all the laws of England. That might suffice. Otherwise, the laws of other major countries might be included. The foreseeable results are likely to be the same. Legislative interventionism has almost never seen the real causes of a problem or taken the proper steps, to cope with them, mostly by setting people free to solve their problems themselves. - Instead, the same legislative mistakes were made over and over again, with the same disastrous consequences - and legislators never learned from mistakes of past legislators. Thus most of them would not have passed any fair examination of their legislative abilities. - JZ, 3.10.02, 1.2.13. – LAWS, LEGISLATORS, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, MEDDLING, INTERVENTIONISM, COMMAND ECONOMIES, CENTRAL PLANNING, REGULATIONS

CONSEQUENCES: The consequences of acts follow, of necessity, from the nature of the acts. This is so because the universe is ordered in a certain way; it is so ordered that the consequences appropriate to the act follow from it." – Leonard E.Read, compiler and editor, The Free Man's Almanac. - Expect and take the consequences into consideration. Economics is largely a science of taking the long-term view. - JZ, n.d. & 1.2.13. - ENDS AND MEANS, LONG TERM VIEW, NATURAL LAW, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

CONSERVATION: Abandon the myth of government as the Great Conservator; ..." - Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.82.

CONSERVATION: All the animals and other species threatened by extinction do not belong to private people - but to the people." - Free after Walter Williams, 4/90. – However, they tend to be taken care of better by private people than by bureaucrats and politicians as the supposed representatives of “the” people. Just compare the market prices for rare pets and species. Valuable possessions are taken better care of by private people than by bureaucrats. “Divided responsibility is none!” – Bureaucrats and politicians are the greatest destroyers. - JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSERVATION: Among the most important things to be conserved and restored are property rights and other individual rights. These the conservationists do usually attack or ignore. - JZ, 31.12.75, 3.10.02.

CONSERVATION: Anyone to be free to keep or purchase land and to run it according to his or her conservation principles and practices. - JZ, 14.12.92.

CONSERVATION: anyone who wants to conserve structures should purchase those structures in the open market. Conservation activity today is often a straight form of robbery... For a group of other people to use the coercive power of the government to preserve property FOR THEIR PLEASURE, BUT AT THE OWNER'S EXPENSE AND AGAINST HIS/HER WILL, is an act of robbery." – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.48.

CONSERVATION: Bumper-sticker of the week: 'SAVE OUR SHEEP. EAT A FOX FOR LUNCH.'" – THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, Column 8, 18.3.76. - JOKES

CONSERVATION: Conservation, historical, of old buildings: Instead of looking after old buildings, still somehow standing up, people should rather look for old truths and positive ideas, still standing up, and tear down old errors and most old buildings. The others, they might restore, at their own expense, like some people restore ancient cars. - JZ, 25.9.89, 23.6.94.

CONSERVATION: Conservationists are usually unaware of, or apathetic towards, if not outright opposed to private property conservationism. - JZ, 28.6.87.

CONSERVATION: Conservationists have much in common with hobby collectors and exhibitors. But, unlike the other collectors, they want their hobby conducted at the expense of private proprietors or the general taxpayers. - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSERVATION: Conservationists pretend that economics is not the science for the best, the most economical and the most long-lasting use of scarce resources - that are privately owned and of their replacement by more plentiful and economical substitutes. - JZ, 16.5.93.

CONSERVATION: Conservationists should put up or shut up by buying natural parks etc. that they want to preserve, or by negotiating easements to prevent harmful development." - Jim Stumm, THE CONNECTION, 12.9.76, p. 47.

CONSERVATION: Conserve and spread old and new ideas. When one considers with how few of the actually edible vegetables and fruits man usually contends himself with and that he lives predominantly a monogamous life and how repetitive he is in his other amusements and actions of life, then one should not be surprised at the lack of interest, in general, in new ideas. Only a very small percentage can be expected to take any active interest, going beyond idle curiosity or, rather, the closed mind of the average newspaper reader. To reach these few must not be left to a matter of chance or to the already existing and still all too imperfect institutions. Instead, real market institutions must be promoted to bring forth the full supply of and the demand for new ideas and talents, bringing them together, as soon as possible and at as low costs as is possible. The technical means for this are now available. They have just to be systematically used by special organisations set up for this purpose. To expect state employed librarians and academics to do this for us, to our satisfaction, is absurd. This has never happened and is not likely to happen soon. Most of them have always rather fought than promoted the best of the new ideas. - JZ, 14.10.81, 24.6.94, 3.10.02. - IDEAS ARCHIVE, TALENT CENTRE, LIBERTARIAN DIGITIZED & COMPLETE LIBRARY – ON A LARGE DISC, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT

CONSERVATION: Consider our 'problem' of conservation and environment. The free market is the greatest instrument for the conservation and effective utilisation of resources ever devised, penalising waste and rewarding efficiency. But we put 'conservation' in the hands of government and the result is non-use, waste, destruction and litter." - Joan Marie Leonard, THE FREEMAN, 4/77.

CONSERVATION: Consider whether genuine individual rights and liberties for human beings should not have precedents over the supposed rights of animals and plants. Or should we also conserve and protect e.g. all microbes and viruses that are dangerous to deadly for human beings, as having equal rights with human beings? Should we protect all wolves, sharks and bears? All parasites? Or should we turn all of Earth into a wilderness again, which would mean the death of most human beings? We might consider this only once we have already established ourselves on xyz other planets. Then and thus we might turn our original home into a memorial. We should primarily respect and protect our own life forms and rights as at least somewhat moral and rational beings. This would require that we take ourselves serious enough to finally find out all about or natural rights and liberties and then to publicly declare them in optimal form and sufficient permanent publicity for them. Also, how we could contribute to realize and to protect them while avoiding to infringe them. – Man is already the greatest conservationist with regard to farm animals, cultivated plants, useful microbes, zoos, wilderness areas, natural parks, wildlife sanctuaries and pets. – But no more “holy cows”, please, except for their believers and at their risk and expense only. Man should not turn indiscriminate conservationism into his primary religion or ethics, neglecting his own survival rights and needs. – Those who want to eat only artificially produced food should be free to do so, but not allowed to lay down the law for all others. – In our own interest we do already largely preserve species and seed varieties. No other species has also produced more artificial species varieties and preserved more different kinds. – But this service is not the main and ultimate purpose of man, nor is altruism towards all human beings. - JZ, 25.12.96, 23.3.09, 1.2.13. – ECOLOGY, ANIMALS, PETS, MICROBES, VIRUSES, ZOOS, NATURAL PARKS, INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, ECOLOGY

CONSERVATION: Doubtless the world's outstanding example of animal preservation is to be found in India - perhaps more than 200,000,000 sacred cows. Are they put to a wise use in the interests of man? These animals largely destroy rather than conserve scarce natural resources. In contrast, note the program of animal conservation in the United States. Aberdeen Angus, Hereford, and other breeds of cattle - 109,000,000 head - have largely displaced the bison that roamed the western plains. Under these circumstances, one might expect the bison to go the way of the dinosaurs, but conservationists have come to the rescue. Whether for novelty or profit or fun or whatever, there are now thousands of bison under private ownership - far from extinct." - L. E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.78. – SACRED COWS

CONSERVATION: Had Homo Erectus felt compelled to save endangered species, we would be buried to our necks in dinosaurian faeces." - Quoted by Viv Forbes, 1979. - Dinosaurs died out long before man came on the scene. And microbes and insects can cope even with as large droppings. - JZ, 23.6.94. - JOKES

CONSERVATION: Homo Sapiens - the Species the Conservationists Forgot." - D. G. Hessayon, CHEMICAL INDUSTRY, May 20th, 1972. – Alas, the survival instinct does not work very well for man when it comes to threats like that of nuclear war. On such subjects the horizon of most people has mostly only a radius of zero. Territorialism has also made them feel helpless and thus apathetic towards such threats. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSERVATION: If an individual insists upon a vast park for his own enjoyment, let him provide it at his own expense." – Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.82.

CONSERVATION: If the conservationists want natural beauty, they should be willing to pay for it. - D. Z., 1978. – We have already many committed gardeners, proud of their work and displaying them to those passing by. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSERVATION: If you want a beautiful view - buy it, alone or together with people who share your view. Or buy a covenant from the present owners concerning future developments. - JZ, 13.2.76.

CONSERVATION: It is more important to preserve and make easily, cheaply and fast accessible all worthwhile ideas, principles and institutions than piles of bricks and mortar. – History was not made by the latter. - JZ, 21.6.81, 20.11.08.

CONSERVATION: It is not so much bricks and mortar that need conserving but good old and new ideas. Fortunes are spent on the former - very little on archiving and publicizing the latter. - JZ, 11.2.02. - BUILDINGS VS. IDEAS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS LIST ONLINE

CONSERVATION: It is sometimes spoken of as 'the tragedy of the commons' (Hardin). Where there are no respected property rights in some resource, no one has an individual interest in its economically efficient conservation. On the contrary: everyone who has an opportunity to exploit that resource has an individual interest in taking all they can before it is exhausted or destroyed by similarly interested, and similarly short-sighted, other people. Everyone's business is, notoriously, no one's." - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.168.

CONSERVATION: Let everything be owned and let everyone be a conservationist with his property only. - JZ, 11/73.

CONSERVATION: Man is the most endangered species. Governments waste men en masse and threaten to wipe out mankind in a final holocaust, resulting from their territorial power struggles. - JZ, 31.12.75, 23.6.94.

CONSERVATION: Most greenies, conservationists and ecologists seem to be racists, advocating apartheid, special "reservations" or camps for "natives" and advocates of territorial nationalism when it comes to plants and fauna. They even engage in "ethnic cleansing" or genocide in this respect. They advocate their own kinds of holocausts without a doubt, in "good conscience" and do not grant to men the right which e.g. birds have, namely to distribute seeds. They prosecute locally unpopular minorities or even majorities - not refraining from extermination attempts, just like the Nazis did. And some, like the "Earth First!" advocates do even consider humans to be mere pests. They, certainly, are, although, as true believers, they would exempt themselves. No freedom of migration or trade for them but exclusive and protectionist territorial nations and regional land monopolies. They practise all the collectivist and totalitarian spleens in their sphere, perhaps because they can no longer as easily get away with their collectivist and communist notions towards somewhat freed and informed people. If you find people disappointing with regard to your "ideals" then you turn to animals and plants instead and "manage" or mismanage them and become the lord and master of your garden and your pets and get laws passed on the natural reserves other people “ought” to have, at their expense. - JZ, 18.10.00, 31.1.02. - ECOLOGY, GREENIES, RACISM, NATIONALISM, SEGREGATION, TERRITORIALISM, INTERNATIONALISM, COSMOPOLITANISM, PLANTS, ANIMALS

CONSERVATION: Of course we need to take conservation measures - which is precisely why I am urging an immediate deregulation of the prices of basic energy materials. The market has its own magnificent incentive to conservation - an increase in price!!" - Benjamin A. Rogge, THE FREEMAN, 11/77. – FREE PRICING AS A SYSTEM OF CONSERVATION

CONSERVATION: One only has to travel in poor countries to see that ecology and respect for the natural environment are best conserved in a prosperous economy." - Stormy Mon.

CONSERVATION: Plunder and pillage of at least temporarily deserted property, during emergency situations, when the market no longer functions, are good instances of the lack of conservation tendencies involved in treating what is considered to be public property. At the end of World War II, when normal trading had ceased and we were faced with starvation, I was at least twice involved in mob actions of plundering deserted food stocks and surprised and shocked at the destruction and waste that took place in these cases. Since no fuel could then be bought, in my city, I was cutting down some park trees, too. - JZ, 23.6.94.

CONSERVATION: Public property always tends to be treated as a public rubbish dump. Thus let us transfer it all into private or cooperative property. - JZ, 1973, 23.6.94.

CONSERVATION: Save and invest - to save the wilderness that's left. - JZ, 4.10.89.

CONSERVATION: The conservationists, instead of yelling at meetings, should yell with their money at land auctions. - D.Z., 1978.

CONSERVATION: the free human being is our most endangered species." - Stormy Mon, Imagine Freedom, p.13.

CONSERVATION: the liberal sometimes treats trees like people and people like trees.” – Republican Congressman Mickey Edwards of Oklahoma, quoted by John Chamberlain, in THE FREEMAN, June 84. - TREES, PEOPLE, MODERN LIBERALISM AS OPPOSED TO CLASSICAL LIBERALISM

CONSERVATION: The market recognises the need and provides handsome rewards for specialists in the production and conservation and use of scarce resources. If there were no moral or other justification for private property, the foregoing alone would be ample and sufficient reason for it - the avoidance of waste." - Paul L. Poirot, THE FREEMAN, 7/73.

CONSERVATION: The price system is among the greatest and most powerful conservators. As a resource - renewable or irreplaceable - becomes scarce, its price rises, cutting down less important uses and encouraging more discoveries and equally good or even better substitutes." - Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.82.

CONSERVATION: There is no effective method of determining the economic requirements of the people when the free market is not allowed to reflect them, nor can force solve the problem of conservation. It is a false panacea that is centuries old, advocated by those who desire power over others whom they neither trust nor respect. Conservation will take place in the best sense where individuals are allowed to seek solutions to their own personal problems as they arise. Necessity is the mother not only of invention but of conservation as well." - Ruth Shallcross Maynard, in FREE MAN'S ALMANAC.

CONSERVATION: We conserve natural resources by using them in the most efficient and economic manner. 'Uneconomic conservation' is a contradiction in terms - it is waste. But if politics dominates a conservation program, what we get is 'uneconomic conservation'. There are those who talk in grandiose terms about this or that river valley project and who urge us not to count the costs. Actually, of course, there is no way of determining whether a given program is conservation or waste except by counting the costs. If a given project cannot pass the test of economics, that is a sure sign that it is not conservation but waste." - Ben Moreell, FREE MAN'S ALMANAC.

CONSERVATION: What gives most conservationists the belief that politicians and bureaucrats will be better as conservationists than they are in administering the Post Office, Transport, Trade or anything else? - JZ 28.6.87. – Q.

CONSERVATION: When governments practice "conservation pricing", e.g. with water supply charges, they arrive at absurdities like those expressed in my water bills: Water consumption charges, ca. $ 6, plus water "availability" charges: ca. $ 60. Thus, even if I doubled my water consumption, my water bill would only go up from $ 66 to $ 72, i.e., by ca. 10%. Governments seem to know nothing about sensible pricing and seem unable or unwilling to learn enough about it. What would happen to green-grocers, bakers and butchers, who tried to levy separate and high "availability" charges? Their services would soon become unavailable! - JZ, 23.6.94.

CONSERVATION: When private people waste resources, like they did the buffalo herds and large swarms of pigeons and fish, these resources were and are not private property but public or un-owned property, thus not properly administered and used but rather wasted or made available at ridiculously low prices to favourites. E.g., the vast land grants by governments. - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSERVATION: You want to preserve it – you buy it.” – Quoted by Thomas Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, p.219, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0 00 655139 4. – as the likely answer of a logger in Indonesia. There are millions of vocal advocates of conservation and ecology and as Ulrich von Beckerath used to say: “Combined purchasing power is one of the largest and least utilized forces in the world.” It has simply to be sufficiently organized. Some natural parks were already bought by some societies like the Audubon Society. There are also seed preservation groups. But such jobs should certainly not be shifted to territorial governments and the general taxpayers. To preserve mankind it is also necessary not to turn all of Earth into a natural park, a least not until we are firmly settled in space. – JZ, 14.9.08. – ECOLOGY

CONSERVATISM: A conservative was a liberal who had been mugged.” - Tom Clancy, Net Force, p.373. - LIBERALS

CONSERVATISM: A conservative, briefly, has a philosophy based upon the proven values of the past. When we seek answers for the problems of today, we look to the past, to see if those problems existed. Generally, they have. So we ask: What was the answer? Did it work? If it did, let us try it again." - Barry M. Goldwater, "Goldwater Defines Conservatism", N.Y. TIMES MAGAZINE, 24 Nov. 1963, p. 122. - HISTORY, TRADITION, VALUES, PRAGMATISM, PRINCIPLES

CONSERVATISM: As John Holt has pointed out, every conservative worships a dead radical. I find that a very useful image, and the harder I look, the more examples I find. In religion, it is fairly obvious; compare the messages of liberation given by enlightened ones such as Jesus & Buddha with the monolithic and priest-ridden empires built up in their name. In science, it can be seen in Kuhn's view of scientific progress, in which there is a revolution in thought by someone like Newton, which becomes first accepted, then solidified, and finally fossilised so that the next revolutionary thinker (Einstein) can break through with a new theory. In politics ... look at those who now pledge allegiance to violent revolutionaries like Jefferson and Washington. - Perhaps then the professions go through similar stages. Organized professional medicine and law may be well into the later stages, though by no means ready for the scrap heap." – DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP 8, p. 21. - Let individuals choose their experts, masters, systems, organizations and medicine men - in every sphere. That will do the most to preserve what some think worth preserving and advance all those fastest, who want to advance, or think that they are really progressing, towards whatever they perceive to be ideal. - JZ, 24.6.94. - REVOLUTION, RADICALISM, REFORM, PROGRESS, PANARCHISM

CONSERVATISM: Be as revolutionary as science and as conservative as the multiplication table." - Calvin Coolidge.

CONSERVATISM: Conservative, n: a statesman who is enamored of existing evils, as distinguished from a Liberal, who wishes to replace them with others. - Ambrose Bierce - & LIBERALS

CONSERVATISM: Conservatism was still associated" (1951) "with all sorts of economic blimpishness, religious imperialist claptrap, and intellectual stuffiness." - Eugene Kamenka. - Are the other isms without their hang-ups? And almost all have the basically totalitarian feature of territorialism in common, i.e., they suppress freedom to experiment among volunteers. - JZ, 3.10.02. –

CONSERVATISM: Conservatism with regard to the present system would literally mean an attempt to preserve state socialism. If modern conservatives want to return to the relatively free market system we had before, then they should rather call themselves reactionaries. We never had a fully free market in all spheres. If they want to advance to fully free markets in every sphere, then they should call themselves radical liberators and progressives, rather. The label has become almost useless, unless it is used in context. - JZ, 75, 24.6.94, 1.2.13.

CONSERVATISM: Conservative Economic Policy: See: Liberal Economic Policy." - I.E.A.

CONSERVATISM: Conservative thought is stale and passive. Liberal thought is hyperactive and naive. Conservatives are appealing to a faith in freedom we never had. Liberals are appealing to a faith in government action we have lost." - Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.19.

CONSERVATISM: Conservative: A politician who is attached to the existing abuses. He is to be distinguished from the Liberal, who wants to replace them by others." - Ambrose Bierce - but only re-translated from the German version. - Here is the correct version: "Conservative, n. A statesman who is enamored of existing evils, as distinguished from the liberal, who wishes to replace them with others."

CONSERVATISM: Conservative: One who wants you to keep your hand out of his pocket." - A. M., in READER’S DIGEST, 12/77. – JOKES, TAXATION, PROPERTY RIGHTS

CONSERVATISM: Conservative: Someone who has something to conserve." - Anon.

CONSERVATISM: Conservatives, it now turns out, have little to crow about, either. They have howled at the expenditure of tax-taken money for welfare programs but have jumped to support vast outpourings of the same sort of money for the entire panoply of the military-industrial complex and the garrison state; many supported racial laws at the state level but wept when reverse racial laws became Federal; many gleefully seek government subsidy of and protection of business even while they rail against government protection of unions; many ask for tariffs to protect their particular interest; few object to farm boondoggling when it gives millions to a man with vast acreage, but many decry the support of another man with a small and unproductive plot. - The examples abound; examples of inconsistency, of outrage of government when it benefits someone else and red-white-and-blue support of government when it's 'on our side'." - Karl Hess, The Lawless State, p.11/12. – DOUBLE THINK, INCONSISTENCIES, CONTRADICTIONS, SHORT-SIGHTEDNESS

CONSERVATISM: Frank Chodorov spoke for many libertarians when he said, 'Anybody who calls me a conservative gets a punch on the nose’." – F. C., quoted by Howard Samson, in REASON, 9/72.

CONSERVATISM: He cheers on conservatives who roar for less government and more cops..." - TIME, 3.3.78, reviewing a Book by Ted Morgan: On Becoming American. - Contradictory as this sounds, it does make some sense to call for less "unlimited government" and more "limited government". However, these conservatives, too, overlook that the territorialist monopoly of present governments is essentially unlimited and totalitarian and that through the opposite model, that of exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities, finally all governmental and societal forms could peacefully coexist, compete and cooperate. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSERVATISM: His firm point of view prevents him from advancing." - Ron Kritzfeld. - If one got hold of some truths, should one not stick to them, tenaciously? - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSERVATISM: I am not only a conservative but an ultraconservative - in my attempts to conserve and restore your and my liberties. - JZ, 11/75, 30.7.78, 23.6.94. – On the other hand, I am also a progressive in wishing to see declared and understood and realized all those individual rights and liberties not yet or not fully recognized and respected, as well as those still to be discovered. – JZ., 1.2.13.

CONSERVATISM: I hope that at this point I may be allowed a personal note. I have thought of myself in the past as primarily a libertarian, but not as a conservative. And if the conservative position is interpreted as saying: Whatever is, is right; let us keep the old ways, the old institutions, the old beliefs, whatever they are; let us not change" (*) then I am certainly not a conservative. But this picture is a caricature. The conservatism I have come to accept says, rather: Let us change our moral codes, our laws, our political institutions, when we find this to be necessary, but let us do so cautiously, gradually, piecemeal, making sure at each step that the change we are making is carefully considered and really represents a progress, not a retrogression. Let us beware always of sudden and sweeping change, of 'wiping the slate clean', of 'making a completely fresh start', of root and branch upheaval. That way lies chaos." - Henry Hazlitt, In Defence of Conformity, The Agitator, A Schism Anthology, p.51. - Not chaos but a natural order would result, if we rejected the artificial barriers of territorial sovereignty, monopoly and coercion and instituted instead, experimental freedom for all volunteer communities. Then each could stagnate, relapse or advance as much as he likes and this at his own speed and that of his voluntary co-experimenters. The territorial system is not worth conserving. On the contrary, after all the wrongs and damages it has done, it is high time to reject it altogether, even if it did not threaten the survival of man, as it does now. - (*) Compare the way in which the old communist cadres in the former Soviet Union are now called "conservatives"! - JZ, 24.6.94. – In an email on Henry Hazlitt’s work, which I received yesterday from the Mises Institute, it was mentioned that his bibliography has more than 10,000 entries! Is it not high time to make the works of such libertarian masters completely accessible on discs? Can we win the fight for freedom, peace, justice and progress if all such treasures are not made readily accessible? - Daily Article by Walter Block | Posted on 11/25/2008 - TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CONSERVATISM: I will not cede more power to the State. I will not willingly cede more power to anyone, not to the State, not to General Motors, not to the CIO. I will hoard my power like a miser, resisting every effort to drain it away from me. I will then use MY power, as I see fit. I mean to live my life an obedient man, but obedient to God, subservient to the wisdom of my ancestors; never to the authority of political truths arrived at yesterday at the voting booth. That is a program of sorts, is it not? It is certainly program enough to keep conservatives busy, and liberals at bay. And the nation free." - William F. Buckley, Jr., Up from Liberalism, p. 229. - Too little, too late - after all too much power over self was lost. - JZ, n.d. - Nor does he realize the option that the Liberals could exterritorially and autonomously rule and misrule themselves, while the Conservatives could do the same for themselves - and so could all others - which would save at least a lot of hot air between them. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSERVATISM: If a man is right, he can't be too conservative." - Josh Billings.

CONSERVATISM: If you want government to intervene domestically, you're a liberal. If you want government to intervene overseas, you're a conservative. If you want government to intervene everywhere, you're a moderate. If you don't want government to intervene anywhere, you're an extremist.” - Joseph Sobran, MODERATES, LIBERALS, EXTREMISTS

CONSERVATISM: It is true that few people defend the present state of affairs, but the distaste for utopias is no less widespread, and it is generally accepted that the truth is to be found in some formula which would reconcile the two terms.” - Proudhon, Economic Contradictions, I, 86, in St. Edwards, Proudhon. - EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, CONSERVATION, PROGRESS, PERSONAL LAW, FREE CHOICE, VOLUNTARISM

CONSERVATISM: It was American conservatives, for instance, who, very early in the game, gave up the fight against state franchising and regulation and, instead, embraced state regulation for their own special advantage. Conservatives today continue to revere the state as an instrument of chastisement even as they reject it as an instrument of beneficence. The conservative who wants a Federally authorised prayer in the classroom is the same conservative who objects to Federally authorised textbooks in the same room. Murray Rothbard, writing in RAMPARTS, has summed up this flawed conservatism in describing a 'new, younger generation of rightists, of "conservatives"... who thought that the real problem of the modern world was nothing so ideological as the state vs. individual liberty or government intervention vs. the free market; the real problem, they declared, was the preservation of tradition, order, Christianity and good manners against the modern sins of reason, license, atheism and boorishness.'" - Karl Hess, Death of Politics, p.4/5. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

CONSERVATISM: My admiration for individual conservatives such as Rhodes Boyson conflicts with puzzlement over conservatives in general. The appeal to continuity, history and tradition can be misused to resist argument, evidence and analysis. A sense of what is right and timely may on occasion be a better guide than reason and research, but it has not been much of a guide to conservatives in welfare policy and the welfare state." - Arthur Seldon, in Dr Rhodes Boyson, editor, 1985, p. 40. – To each the own system, ideology, institutions personal law, constitution, jurisdiction method etc. of the own free choice and at the own expense and risk. Laissez faire, free enterprise, free competition, free pricing, free choice or consumer sovereignty, experimental freedom, free exchange, freedom of experimentation, freedom of association and peaceful coexistence – for all of them! – JZ., 1.2.13.

CONSERVATISM: My idea of a conservative is one who desires to retain the wisdom and the experience of the past and who is prepared to apply the best of that wisdom and experience to meet the changes, which are inevitable in every new generation. The term 'liberal' came to the United States during the 19th century. As defined by them at that time, a liberal would be the conservative of today... The conservative is the true liberal." - Herbert Hoover, 1962. "Herbert Hoover in His Own Words", compiled and edited by Louis P. Lochner, N.Y. TIMES MAGAZINE, 9 Aug. 1964, p. 15.

CONSERVATISM: Of course, most people use 'libertarian' and 'conservative' as interchangeable in meaning. The usually refer to all opponents of big government, who share an appreciation of the fact that in today's world the primary threat to the individual is likely to come from government. The libertarian is likely to base his conception of freedom on the idea of 'natural right' and to believe that freedom is therefore a universal abstraction above and beyond all history and tradition. The conservative is more likely to feel that freedom and the institutions which make it possible are inseparable, insisting that the slow grow of civilisation must be carefully nurtured lest it come to an untimely end. - Many traditionalist-conservatives talk little about freedom and much about the pursuit of virtue as man's highest goal. Many libertarians of a strongly rationalist strain are likely to respond that virtue is no one's business and that freedom is man's highest goal. Bastiat would, I believe, tell the traditionalist - conservative that the pursuit of virtue can occur only in freedom." - G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.214.

CONSERVATISM: PLAYBOY: There aren't many conservative atheists. - Hess: I was the only one I knew. All the other conservatives either were or thought they were deeply religious. I should have realized I'd end up on the left eventually." - Karl Hess, PLAYBOY Interview, 7/76. – Intelligent and moral creativity, in combination with natural evolution of better beings, methods, systems and actions, is the only “divine” force in the world. – Believers in a God deny their own “divinity” or creative potential and place it, instead, in an imagined being, which, if it existed, would be the worst culprit of all. - JZ, 1.2.13, INTELLIGENCE, MORALITY, ETHICS, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, PROGRESS, ATHEISM, RELIGION, GOD, CHURCH, CLERGY, RELIGIONS, DIVINITY, EVOLUTION, ATHEISM

CONSERVATISM: Political conservatism has been regularly associated with conformity, with hostility to 'modern' art, bohemianism, moral eccentricity, religious enthusiasm. Conservatives are supposed to value the Golden Rule, moderation in all things." - Eugene Kamenka. - Moderation even in justice, peace, enlightenment, progress and liberation? - JZ, 3.10.02, 11.11.10. – Conservatism, too, in all its forms, but always only for its kind of conservatives and at their expense and risk. – JZ., 1.2.13.

CONSERVATISM: The compelling issue to both conservatives and liberals is not whether it is legitimate for government to confiscate one's property to give to another, the debate is over the disposition of the pillage. – Walter Williams - & MODERN LIBERALISM, TAXATION, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, BUDGET, MODERN LIBERALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, EGALITARIANISM, LEFTISM

CONSERVATISM: The desire to conserve wealth and power at any cost (to others)." - Robert Tefton. - Wealth is mostly productively, i.e., profitably used, to everybody's benefit, producing better and cheaper goods and services. If it were not so preserved and enlarged then our living standard would go down and down. As for power: Are the liberals and socialists any less interested in getting it into their own hands and maintaining it in them? They are all territorialists, i.e., try to dominate, territorially, all those who disagree with them. As for the "conservatives": They failed to preserve the very long exterritorialist and voluntaristic tradition and the liberals did not restore and extend that liberty, either. - JZ, 3.10.02.

CONSERVATISM: The only reason I'm knocking conservatives is because they're worth knocking. Liberals scarcely are. Conservatives make a number of grievous errors, but they also make a number of correct analyses. It is not known to me that liberals make ANY correct analyses. And when liberals attempt a move to the left, they usually become Stalinists, because they believe in a strong central authority. When conservatives move left, they become libertarians or anarchists in a single jump." - Karl Hess, PLAYBOY interview, 7/76. – Correct on most “modern” liberals” but not on classical liberals. – JZ

CONSERVATISM: The radical invents the views. When he has worn them out the conservative adopts them.” Mark Twain

CONSERVATISM: They want individualism and liberty on the whole, but they still want to pick and choose exceptions and qualifications." - John Hospers, REASON, 9/72. - We want individualism and liberty as a whole and we do not want to pick and choose exceptions and qualifications. - JZ, 9.8.75. - However, on the exterritorial autonomy model called panarchy, everyone could. And we should acquaint even our enemies with that model and tempt them with it. - To each the government or non-governmental society of his or her dreams.! - JZ, 24.6.94. - PANARCHISM

CONSERVATISM: What is conservatism? Is it not the adherence to the old and tried, against the new and untried?" - Abraham Lincoln, Address, Cooper Institute, N.Y., 27 Feb. 1860. - As if experimental freedom would not have worked then and could not work now! - JZ, 23.6.94.

CONSERVATISM: You are a conservative!" - Yes, I am a conservative by sticking to truth, liberty and justice. I won't progress or digress or deviate away from these. I will rather try to preserve or conserve these values. - JZ, n.d. - And just to provoke you still further: I am also an individualist anarchist. And to add to your confusion: I am also a panarchist and thus for every ism that can be and is practised by volunteers and at their expense and risk. - JZ, 23.6.94. - Personal law ought not only to be conserved but expanded to all communities of volunteer. It has a longer tradition than has territorial law. To that extent I am a reactionary: I want a revival and expansion of the ancient to modern personal law traditions. - It will make the fastest and most just progress possible that was ever achieved so far. It will be the equivalent to introducing experimental freedom in science, technology and the arts. - JZ, 3.10.02, 1.2.13. – ANARCHISM, PANARCHISM, REACTION, PROGRESS, PERSONAL LAW TRADITION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CONSISTENCY: A few liberties on their own have little chance to survive in this world of ignorance, prejudice and vested interest in monopolies. To achieve full liberation, initially only for the minority that would want it, all liberty options must be consistently collected, studied and applied by them. Then they can or will win over the rest of the world relatively easily, gradually, individual by individual, to the extent that people are responsible and intelligent enough for full liberty - or become so, through practice or observation of more and more liberties. - JZ, 24.6.94, 1.2.13. – However, mere verbal propaganda must be supplemented by freedom to experiment, not only for all kinds of anarchists and libertarians but also for all kinds of statists. In this way the pro-freedom experiments will encounter the least resistance and will spread most easily. – JZ, 20.11.08. – On the extension of verbal enlightenment see at least my digital NEW DRAFT manuscript of 2010. – JZ, 1.2.13. (So far still only available from me as an email attachment. – JZ) -  PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL

CONSISTENCY: Consistency is the last refuge of the unimaginative." - Oscar Wilde. - IDEAS, CREATIVITY, INNOVATION, ORIGINALITY.

CONSISTENCY: he justifies adherence to justice by a principle of moral consistency. This principle is that an individual can only save his own good by acting within society on the principles which he wishes to see applied to his own treatment at the hands of other people." - William Stoddard, REASON, 3/74, on John Rawls' A Theory of Justice. - GOLDEN RULE, TOLERANCE, DUTY, CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE, MUTUALITY, JUSTICE, MUTUAL CONVENIENCE RELATIONSHIPS

CONSISTENCY: Liberty is always consistent with itself, as one fact fits every other fact, while one law always repeals its predecessor and needs a third law to correct its own mistakes." - George E. Macdonald, in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.527.

CONSISTENCY: One can convince men only through their own opinions." - Charles Tschopp. - That is one of the reasons for the panarchistic tolerance towards tolerant experiments for volunteer groups, made possible by exterritorial autonomy and personal law. - JZ, 24.6.94 - CHARACTER, INTEGRITY, CONVICTIONS, FAITH, BELIEF, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, AUTONOMY, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF REFUTATIONS.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: A conspiracy has never led to liberty. When the will and energy of the majority of a people are ripe for liberty then it does not need a conspiracy; and where they do not exist, it is useless." - Boerne, Kritiken, 25: Geschichte der Wiedergeburt Griechenlands.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: All the conspiracy theories are the work of a secret organization that's up to no good." - THE DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP, No. 3. - JOKES

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: All untruths, prejudices and myths form a powerful conspiracy against all truths and all truths, until effectively combined, form only a potential counter conspiracy against them. - JZ, 28.1.87, 24.6.94. – ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS OF POPULAR ERRORS, MYTHS AND PREJUDICES THAT ARE OBSTACLES TO PROGRESS

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: And so, when the British government, after the war with France was over in 1763, began their Grand Design to reduce the virtually independent American colonies to imperial subjection, the American colonists, without access to the memoranda and archives of the British government of the day, suspected the worst, and immediately roused themselves to determined resistance. Now, two hundred years later, we know that the colonists' suspicions were correct; they could not know this, but they were armed with a 'conspiracy theory' which always suspects governments of designs upon liberty." - Murray Rothbard, LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 8/77. – STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICIANS, RULERS

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Are there conspiracies? Yes, at least 10,000 of them at any given time, mostly cancelling each other out. In rare cases, conspiracies succeed - and then disappoint the conspirators." - Alvin Toffler - A more realistic sounding estimate I found stated that there are about 1,500 of them. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: But suspicion is a thing very few people can entertain without letting the hypothesis turn, in their minds, into fact. Therefore, decent people are afraid to be suspicious; only scientists can walk around and around a hypothesis without even beginning to confuse it with truth." - David Cort, Social Astonishments, p.27. - Only some “scientists” can! - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Conspiracy is the normal continuance of politics by normal means... I advance the theory that government is intrinsically conspirational." - Carl Oglesby. – I hold this to be basically true for all territorial governments. They always conspire and use legislation and force against those, who have not given them their consent. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Conspiracy theorists study power, influence, cabals, corruption and abuse, or politics as usual, rather than ways how we could opt out from under them and defend our liberties and rights against all secret and open attacks against them, by all and sundry. - JZ, 20.4.89. – In short, they study the results of territorialism but not its abolition. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Evil intentions are not required when stupidity already suffices. - JZ, 20.4.83. – Ignorance and lack of interest in the own affairs, among the victims of all territorial power conspiracies, are also great helpers to these conspirators. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Find solutions, not culprits." – JZ, Free after Jesse Miller, Pidgeon City, in ANALOG, 11/72. – Adopt causal rather than personal thinking. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: For thus the saying goes, and I hold so: Ignorance only is true wisdom's foe." - George Wither, Abuses Script and Whipt, bk. ii, sat. 1, 1613. - One must expect people to act not only upon their ignorance but also their errors and prejudices. If they were enlightened, a few conspirators could not do them much harm, in most cases. - JZ, 24.6.94

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: From my own experience I believe in a vested-interest conspiracy against cheap and efficient cold cures, wood stoves, prefabricated housing, imported shirts, shoes, fruit, fruit juice and conserves, self-publishing and reading options like microfiche and texts on electronic disks, low subscriptions and voluntary taxation as opposed to high and compulsory taxation, competitive vs. monopolistic and coercive banking, competitive postal services, imported cars, unlicensed contractors, doctors and other tradesmen and professionals, alternative private and cooperative education services. Even Woolworth chain stores do sometimes eliminate some very cheap items because they would rather sell you some more expensive ones. – JZ 18.9.97, 22.9.08 - PROTECTIONISM

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: He had the sort of convoluted mind that could attribute evil and devious motives to a bee-keeper offering him a pot of honey as a gift." - Hugh Cudlipp, on H.G. Bartholomew, editor of the DAILY MIRROR; Walking On The Water.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: However, I am profoundly suspicious about all conspiracy theories, including my own, because conspiracy buffs tend to forget the difference between a plausible argument and a real proof. Or between a legal proof, a proof in the behavioral sciences, a proof in physics, a mathematical or logical proof, or a parody of any of the above. My advice to all is Buddha's last words, 'Doubt, and find your own light.'" - R. A. Wilson, Illuminati Papers, p.47.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: I disapprove of every conspiracy of which I am not a part.” - Cinnabar Baker. Quoted in ANALOG, 10/88, p. 159. - According to a recent e-mail, there are over a 1,000 different conspiracy theories. Almost all of them, as far as I know, show the basic flaw of personal rather than causal thinking, i.e., they look for culprits rather than causes. I see the flaws rather in false idea of otherwise often quite decent people. They are on many wrong tracks - with the best intentions, and quite misled by their own ideas or those of others. However, a compendium of all of them, with some good refutations for all of them, might provide some interesting reading. Some seek for and worship a god, the others fear the devil or demons. Why assume the existence of either? Ignorance, prejudice, indifference and false ideas are my kinds of devils and "conspiracies". - JZ, 29.10.02. – Can a God, which threatens dissenters with eternal suffering in hell fires, really be “divine”? – JZ., 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: I don't see paranoia as the ally of liberty or of anything positive, ... Besides, paranoia is a Loser Script; it defines somebody else as being in charge around here except me. I prefer to define myself and my friends as the architects of the future. If David Rockefeller has the same idea about himself and his friends, well, the future itself will decide which coalition was really on the Evolutionary Wave: the Money people or the Ideas people." - R. A. Wilson, Illuminati Papers, p.114.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: I make it a rule never to suspect conspiracy if incompetence can explain the problem." - Roger MacBride Allen, ANALOG, 2/93, p. 126.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: I'd rather have one ideas-rich libertarian book for every conspiracy theory in existence than all the anti-conspiracy literature in the world. Then our conspiracy - to realize the liberty options at least for ourselves - would have a much larger chance to succeed. - JZ, 20.4.89. - So far we have not even gathered all our freedom ideas, far less tried to systematically apply all of them. - JZ, 24.6.94. We have not even tried to achieve “a fool’s liberty” for experimenting with our freedom ideas among ourselves and for statists, with their diverse statist hypotheses among themselves, although that would give us and the diversity of statists the best chances. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: If an American doctor cured cancer tomorrow, there would be people on the left who would call it a plot by the drug companies." - Karl Hess, PLAYBOY, 7/76.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Ignorance, prejudices, myths and bad habits, combined with vested interests in the preservation of monopolies and privileges, can account for most evils in this world much better than most conspiracy theories can. - JZ, 24.6.94

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Ignore the 'high circles' and concentrate on setting your own small and large circles free. - JZ, 20.4.89.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: It is much more comfortable to ascribe the evils of unemployment and inflation to evil machinations on the other side than to stupidities and ignorance and prejudices on both problems. - JZ, 27.4.85, 24.6.94. – For each rightful and rational voice on the current economic crisis and its cure there are at least a hundred, if not a thousand quite false or flawed and even absurd ones – and they are by the ruling figures, their advisors and the majority of the opinion makers. This continuing ignorance, prejudice and mythology is one of the consequences of not yet having collected and sufficiently responded to all the existing crisis theories, sorting the wheat from the chaff, so that a good enough guide would be available to everybody. – JZ, 27.11.08. – Followers of Mises do also believe that they have the only correct crisis theory. They have, in most cases, not yet rejected all forms of monetary despotism but favour it for their choice among the various gold standards. – JZ, 1.2.13. - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, CRISIS HYPOTHESES

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: It is now clearly seen by all trustworthy observers of the primitive condition of mankind that, in the infancy of the race, men could only account for sustained or periodically recurring action by supposing a personal agent." - H. J. S. Maine, Ancient Law, p.2. - PERSONAL THINKING, GOD

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Libertarian Microfiche Publishing "conspires" to bring all freedom writings together, at least on microfiche, and to make them cheaply and permanently available, in all desired segments, upon demand. Will you join that positive conspiracy or keep aloof of it? - JZ, 24.6.94. – - The CD-ROM project tries to do the same with CD-ROMs. See: The last microfiche issue was, probably, PEACE PLANS No. 1779 in 2002. – JZ, 27.11.08. – I found it much more laborious to get a book digitized than to get it reproduced on microfiche. But then I cannot afford the equipment that Google uses for its book project. With it, it is supposed to have reduced the time for digitizing the average book to a mere 8 minutes. – JZ, 11.11.10. – I was once convinced that a mere 300 libertarian microfilm users like myself could have reproduced and kept permanently in such “print”, between them, all libertarian writings. But only very few made any attempt in this direction. Even those, who used e.g. floppy discs, CDs and DVDs for this purpose were and are still very rare. This happened in spite of the fact that these alternatives are very cheap, small, portable and, in most countries, not outlawed. – JZ, 22.7.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Many countries are today experiencing socially destructive inflation, abnormally high unemployment, misuse of economic resources, and in some cases, the suppression of human freedom, not because evil men deliberately sought to achieve these results, but because of erroneous judgements about the consequences of government measures." - Milton Friedman, Inflation and Unemployment, Alfred Nobel Memorial Lecture, 1976. - And because territorialism allows them to impose their false measures upon followers and dissenters alike. - JZ, 6.4.89, 24.6.94.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Mass civil disobedience can also be termed 'conspiratorial' in one sense, even though 'conspiracy' is often associated in our language with secrecy. The late H. G. Wells used to speak of a potential and desirable 'open conspiracy' against war makers throughout the world (The Open Conspiracy, N.Y., 1928); and while his conception embraced more than the idea of mass civil disobedience, it certainly included that notion." - Mulford Q. Sibley, The Obligation to Disobey, p.80.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Most "conspiracies" are quite open and all too popular "conspiracies", like those of the protectionists and central banking advocates and of the territorialists. - JZ, 24.6.94. – Not to speak of those of clerics, churches and various gurus and new and supposedly great territorial “leaders” or aspirants to such leadership. Every political party, too, amounts to an open conspiracy to acquire territorial power. – JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Most conspiracies and conspiracy theories are due to personal rather than causal thinking. - Essence of frequent observations by Ulrich von Beckerath. - JZ

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Most conspiracy theories are just versions of the old satan or devil theory of the world. Fundamentally, they do replace causal thinking by personal thinking. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Most conspiracy theories do not even deserve the term “theories”, for that would mean that they are backed up, sufficiently, by proven facts. Only few have at least some facts to back them up and most do contradict each other, so most cannot be right. What they offer is, like most religions and sectarian beliefs, mere hypotheses and personal interpretations or misunderstandings. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: My register of scoundrels becomes shorter with every day added to my age, while my register of fools become more complete and longer." - Friedrich Schiller, Die Schaubuehne als moralische Anstalt.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: NATIONAL REVIEW'S position is that our society behaves the way it does because the majority of opinion-makers, for various reasons, respond to social stimuli in a particular way - spontaneously, not in compliance with a continuously imposed discipline; there is no conspiracy involved." - Bill Buckley, NR, Aug. 1, 1956, p. 8. – For many years I have been in favour of an open conspiracy in which many readers and writers would have provided themselves with a list and contact addresses of the major opinion makers with the intention to systematically work between them to free them of their remaining errors and prejudices and make them thus even more effective and successful as opinion-makers. They should also systematically supply them with more information in accordance with the special interests and abilities of these opinion makers. They might also keep a public log of these inputs and for discussions among themselves. Each group could specialize on one of the major opinion-makers. In each major country there are, probably merely a few hundred to a few thousand of them- and if their opinions become improved on some subjects then, thereby, the opinions of millions of others become improved. These ‘conspirators” ought to act as their loyal friends, criticising them when necessary and offering good advice and information that they can and are likely to use. – If too much input is in this way sent to a single opinion-maker then a common editorial board should be set up by each group, which selects the most suitable input and limits the total quantity. Obviously, one person can read and digest only so much. But the lot or con and pro can still be made public by each group, either online or on disc. - JZ, 20.11.08. – INFLUENCING PUBLIC OPINION BY CONCENTRATING ON INFLUENCING THE OPINION-MAKERS, ENLIGHTENMENT ATTEMPTS, CONCENTRATING ON A FEW INFLUENTIAL PEOPLE RATHER THAN THE MASSES.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Never attribute to malevolence what is merely due to incompetence.” - Arthur C. Clarke, 3001. The Final Odyssey, HarperCollins Publishers, 1979, page189, - INCOMPETENCE, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Never blame on malice that which can be fully explained by stupidity." - Hanlon's Razor, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 7/80. – Or ignorance or lack of interest in the own interests that go beyond a small private sphere – in all too many people, who are thus becoming sheep for the territorialist wolves. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Never mind what the real or assumed anti-freedom conspirators think, aim at, have said or written. Just start or assist the freedom conspiracy to realize freedom everywhere and for all time for all freedom lovers. - JZ, 20.4.89, 24.6.94.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: No country can be destroyed by a mere conspiracy, it can be destroyed only by ideas." - Ayn Rand, PLAYBOY interview. – False, flawed or bad ideas. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: One either believes in freedom or in puppet plays. - JZ, 11/84. - Turn from a puppet into a free player, playing his self-chosen role towards his self-chosen aims, collaborating with others only voluntarily. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: People are endlessly stupid but not endlessly malicious. - JZ, 23.6.81. – But I know that at least one malicious person exists in my small village, Berrima, NSW, because he keeps ripping off my very small notice in its only public notice board, pointing out some URLs that offer free freedom and peace books and my own cheap libertarian microfiche. How can one come to hate freedom, justice and peace so much that one resorts to such small-minded destructive actions? – JZ, 20.11.08.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Rather than 'court watchers' we need more students of individual liberty and of institutions, laws, errors, myths, and prejudices - which obstruct them much more than any 'conspirators' ever could. - JZ, 20.4.89, 24.6.94.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Rather than court watchers, theorists and speculators, we need watchers of people, majorities, minorities and individuals and of theories, ideas, plans and programmes on what they could and should do to realize and protect their rights and liberties." - JZ, 20.4.89, 7.7.94. - We should also make accessible all the faulty ideas and projects, together with their best refutations, to help prevent their endless repetitions. - JZ, 3.10.02.


CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Required is an international conspiracy of all soldiers and officers to prevent their senseless sacrifice upon the spleens, whims, faiths, power-madness or “ideologies” of territorial rulers. Such unjustified human sacrifices of themselves and other people must become ended. In order to really make the prevention of war, civil wars and violent revolutions as well as wrongful military insurrections, or lasting peace, their profession, they would have to transform themselves into a self-governing militia of volunteers, exterritorially autonomous and internationally federated, acting only to protect all genuine individual rights and liberties and reorganizing and retraining and arming themselves correspondingly. As such they would mostly act only part-time and full-time only in large crisis-situations. They should become self-financing, e.g. via indemnification claims upon the State property of despotic regimes, and towards the people whom they liberated or protected. They might also act like hired protective agencies, financed by insurance premiums or protection-subscriptions, whenever and wherever it comes to the protection of genuine individual rights and liberties. They would also charge membership fees. Their foundation and justification would be an as comprehensive declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties as could and should be compiled, published and declared a.s.a.p. Their officers would be elected and recallable. They would be trained not to obey but to disobey wrongful orders, and to remove those, who gave them, from their positions. As far as humanly possible, they would enjoy all genuine individual rights and liberties even as soldiers and officers. Historically, Cromwell’s “ironsides”, when acting in England, not in Ireland, came, possibly, closest to that ideal. They would only fight for quite rightful war- and peace aims, sufficiently declared in advance and also only in a quite rightful and discriminating way, i.e. against the main war criminals, in alliance with their secret allies on the other side, turning wars largely into rightful police actions and liberation campaigns. Via realizing all economic rights and liberties, including, especially, full monetary and financial freedom, they would also assure for themselves full employment in whichever trade, job or profession they would otherwise engage in. – JZ, 28.2.98, 16.2.12. – VOLUNTEER MILITIAS FOR THE PROTECTION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MILITARY, STANDING ARMIES OR IDEAL VOLUNTEER MILITIAS?

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Since I entered politics, I have chiefly had men's views confided to me privately. Some of the biggest men in the U.S., in the field of commerce and manufacturing, are afraid of somebody, are afraid of something. They know that there is a power somewhere so organized, so subtle, so watchful, so interlocked, so complete, so pervasive, that they had better not speak above their breath when they speak in condemnation of it." - Woodrow Wilson, “The New Freedom”, 1913. – Central banking and its monetary despotism is rather an open “conspiracy”, with many published textbooks and laws introducing and maintaining it. So is e.g. the “conspiracy” of protectionism and of taxation. The remark shows that fearful, ignorant, prejudiced and foolish people can also be found among big businessmen. – To some extent conspiracy theories have taken the place that demons and ghosts played in the belief of former eras. They also demonstrate the dominance of personal over causal thinking. – We should all be free to opt out from under such fools and their systems and institutions and free to establish our own, together with like-minded volunteers. – Then the absence of many wrongful and irrational laws among such communities and their resulting successful community experiments, with “miraculous” growth rates, would demonstrate that most of the conspiracy theories or hypotheses are no more than nightmares. – That lobbies or special interest groups conspire against their fellow citizens, by pushing for special legislation in their favor, is not denied but rather confirmed by me. One more reason to replace territorial laws by self-chosen personal laws. - JZ, 5.1.08. – CONSPIRACY THEORIES & FEARS EVEN OF CAPTAINS OF COMMERCE & INDUSTRY

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Some years ago I was advised by a former employer that, if analysis of an event gave a choice between a stuff-up and a conspiracy, I should go for the stuff-up every time.” – BrianWilshire, Fine Print 2, p. 113.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: That is my basic objection to all conspiracy theories - the tacit assumption that the people In Charge of Things know what they are doing." – DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP 5, p. 18. - RULERS, LEADERSHIP, KNOWLEDGE, PREJUDICES, IGNORANCE, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS,

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The 'conspiracy' of the indifferent and dumb ones is sufficient to bring about the present abuses. No evil conspiracy is required. - JZ, 30.12.75.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: the difference between a CONSPIRACY and an AFFINITY-GROUP is subtle and shifting. A true conspiracy practices clandestinism (deception) as policy; but every affinity group has a tendency to suspect every other affinity group of doing exactly that; and those who are open and honest atone time may decide they have to be devious and clandestine at another time (to protect themselves). CONSPIRACY IS CONTAGIOUS and so is worrying about it." - R. A. Wilson, Right Where You Are Sitting Now, p. 96. - So, let us start an open conspiracy to achieve full exterritorial autonomy under personal laws for every affinity group. Once that is achieved, why conspire rather than start or join one such community? - JZ, 24.6.94. – Parties conspire against each other to gain or maintain territorial power. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The Fed as Giant Counterfeiter - Robert P. Murphy - Mises Daily - - Even the FED cannot counterfeit its own currency but merely over-issue or under-issue it. Its monopoly and legal tender power allows it to do this. Also the spleen that capital securities and of all these government debt certificates would be a sound backing for the issue of currency. We are nor free to refuse or discount central banking monopoly monies replace them with sound & competitive ones. – JZ, 29.6.11, on Facebook. - The best treatment for all of the ca. 1,500 conspiracy hypotheses is to ignore all of them, just like most rational and moral people ignore most of the non-ethical dogmas and rituals of all religions, may be over 30,000. Certainly, not all of them can be right and most of them are at least largely, if not totally wrong and irrational. We should rather ponder what constitutes rightful and rational banking, note issues, value standards, clearing, saving, investment options and alternatives to imposed tributes to finance what is wrongly called a Welfare State. Moreover, we should explore what constitutes free markets, laissez faire, free enterprise, tolerance, voluntarism, freedom of contract and association in this sphere - in all their varieties and in the absence of monopolies, coercion and fraud. – While I am all in favor of ignoring quite wrongful laws, if one can get away with this (I spent my first 11 years under the Nazi regime), it is certainly not yet easy in any country, for anyone, get out from under the laws, practices and institutions of monetary despotism. But at least we have the freedom to discuss and publish the alternatives to it. Look at these laws and ponder what is wrong and irrational about them. Then you can answer many of your own questions." - With this kind of monopoly and this kind of power even you or me could cause an inflation in Australia. Without it, no one could. Nevertheless, private, competitive issues, using sound value standard, are generally and quite wrongly presumed to be able to cause an inflation and remain, therefore, outlawed. As in so many other spheres, misinformation, prejudices, errors, ignorance, wrong assumptions and conclusions predominate and are nowhere as yet confronted systematically with the best refutations, in a special encyclopedia. - JZ, 1.7.11, on Facebook.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The greater the lie, the greater the chance that it will be believed." - Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, 1924. - The more outrageous the conspiracy claim, the greater the chance that it will be believed - at least by some gullible people. - JZ, 24.6.94. – PROPAGANDA LIES

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The ignorance, prejudices, myths and bad intentions of real or imaginary conspirators should not only be systematically watched, recorded and exposed. But, more importantly, we should concentrate our energies on positive knowledge, ideas, arguments and actions to promote liberty and achieve it, in spite of all real or imagined conspiracies against it. - JZ, 20.4.89, 24.6.94. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTARIAN ENCYCLOPAEDIA, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF LIBERTARIAN REFUTATIONS

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The individual is handicapped by coming face to face with a conspiracy so monstrous he cannot believe it exists." - J. Edgar Hoover, - – Sent by C.B. - OFFICIAL & MAJOR ONES, STATISM

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The most dangerous and successful conspiracies take place in public, in plain sight, under the clear bright light of day – usually with TV cameras focused on them.” - L. Neil Smith, Lever Action, A Mountain Media Book, 2001,, p. 170.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The open conspiracy of the poor and the lazy against the rich and the industrious. - JZ, 12.12.87. Welfare State, State Socialism

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The problem with these guys is they're all too busy looking over their shoulders to look ahead." - Peter Hyams, OMNI, 6/81, p.38. – Blaming others is easier than rightful and rational self-help efforts, at least under freedom for the all self-help attempts. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The worst conspiracies are those of territorial governments against the dissenting people, minorities and individuals. - JZ, 19.8.87, 1.2.13. – TERRITORIALISM VS. PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: The worst kind is a quite open one, which outlaws individual and group secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers. – JZ, 30.11.03. - Moreover, it is still all too popular. – 8.10.07. – Or that of legislators, who imagine that they could rightly and rationally legislate for the affairs of the population of whole countries. – JZ, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: There are many different or similar conspiracies, imagined and real ones, numerous wrongful ones but also some partly or quite rightful ones. I favor the latter. – JZ, 17.5.05. E.g. that of monetary and financial despotism, everywhere legislatively sanctioned – and that of territorialism, everywhere constitutionally sanctioned and by what is now offered as “political science”. – Free market money advocates are now more numerous than ever before and at last do at least attempt to get all their acts, precedents and references together. On 30.1.13, from Google, I got  23.3 million results for monetary freedom and 105 million results for free banking blog. – JZ, 1.2.13. – What is wrong, for instance, to extensively collaborate, internationally, to develop an ideal declaration of all genuine individual liberties and rights and to replace all the governmental and statist human rights declarations by it? That at least should be another international “conspiracy”, an open one and yet a very radical one. – I know of no better one. – All governmental declarations of human rights, in all their variety, are, in my opinion, the result of open territorial statist conspiracies against whole populations. Under the continued pretence of protecting rights and liberties, they do thereby and by their territorial constitutions, legislation and jurisdiction, infringe upon or even outlaw some of the most important rights and liberties. - JZ, 11.11.10.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: There is a conspiracy, but it is a conspiracy of bureaucrats." - P. C. Roberts & N. Van Cott, REASON, 12/74. – And of political parties and politicians, all of them territorial power addicts and power mongers. – JZ., 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: There is a secret society of seven men that controls the finances of the world. This is known to everyone, but the details are not known. There are some who believe that it would be better, if one of the seven were a financier." - R. A. Lafferty, About a Secret Crocodile, quoted in DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP 2, p14. - Meanwhile, the wrongful and harmful constitutional and legal powers of central banks, as well as of presidents, prime ministers and other "representatives" are largely ignored by most people and conspiracy theory fans. - JZ, 24.6.94, 3.10.02. – JOKES, CENTRAL BANKING

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: There is no more terrible sight to behold than ignorance in action." - Goethe. - Especially when the activists are territorial "leaders" and their mobs. - JZ, 24.6.94, 11.11.10.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: Those who do not understand or know enough or all liberty options and are unfamiliar with the interactions and restraints of free markets in every sphere, want to ascribe all existing evils to malicious intent and secret planning by people as ignorant and prejudices as these believers are themselves, or even more so. - JZ, 24.6.94, 1.2.13.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: To me the prevailing prejudices, ignorance and disinterest are enough to explain most of the existing evils." - JZ, 20.12.87.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: To plot, devise, contrive,' 'to combine in action or aims: to concur, cooperate as by intention', says the dictionary. That kind of thing goes on all the time. In the White House, for instance. Within the Department of Government at Harvard, for instance. The question whether there is an Establishment some of whose members conspire together raises merely the question whether there is, or has been, coordination of purpose between people who administer in the White House, teach at Harvard, write in THE NEW YORKER, and preach at St. John the Divine. Of course there is coordination, however informal, and it is as naive to believe there is not as it is naive to support that ONLY conspiratorial action is responsible for historical events." - William F. Buckley, Jr., Rumbles, Left & Right, p.29.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES: We don't want to end up like the blind man in a dark room looking for the black cat that isn't there." - Heard on ABC Radio. – JZ

CONSTITUTIONALISM: 5. At nearly all elections, votes are given for various candidates for the same office. Those who vote for the unsuccessful candidates cannot properly be said to have voted to sustain the Constitution. They may, with more reason, be supposed to have voted, not to support the Constitution, but specially to prevent the tyranny which they anticipate the successful candidate intends to practise upon them under color of the Constitution; and therefore may reasonably be supposed to have voted against the Constitution itself. This suspicion is the more reasonable, inasmuch as such voting is the only mode allowed to them of expressing their dissent to the Constitution." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI/9, Works I.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: A better militia federation, combined with a better bill of rights to be upheld by it, might have sufficed instead, nay, could have promoted freedom and rapid development in North America much more than the Federal Constitution and the State constitutions that were adopted. – JZ, 4.12.07, 13.9.08. – TERRITORIALISM, FEDERALISM, HUMAN RIGHTS, MILITIA, USA

CONSTITUTIONALISM: A constitution is the law governing government.” – Wesley F. Deitchler, LP News 5/04. - That is a declaration of faith. The US constitution does not govern the US governments, its legislators or its courts but is, rather, widely ignored or suppressed or at least misunderstood or misinterpreted by them, too often even with the worst intentions. - JZ, 25. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: A couple of years ago, I made a proposal to our law school faculty that we stop teaching “constitutional law” or, for the traditionalists, include it in a “legal history” course alongside Magna Carta, the Code of Hammurabi, or the Articles of Confederation. – My colleagues thought I was trying to be humorous! When the Iraqi government puppets were trying to draft a “constitution” for their country, talk-show host Jay Leo suggested that we send them ours. “It served us well for many years, and besides, we’re not using it anymore!” - Butler Shaffer, in speech: “The Failure of Governments to Limit State Power”, as reviewed in FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS. 12/07, p.14. – Only territorial constitutions have failed. The constitutions of voluntary communities may also fail – but only for their volunteers. And if they succeed, the other communities would be free to adopt them. – JZ, 10.9.08. - JOKES, PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: A single territorial constitution cannot possibly satisfy ALL the rightful aspirations of all the numerous diverse groups in any country." - JZ, 11.12.93. – PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, DIVERSITY

CONSTITUTIONALISM: After Magna Carta, it required much more audacity, cunning, or strength, on the part of the king, than it had before, to invade the people's liberties with impunity. Still, Magna Carta, like all other written constitutions, proved inadequate to the full accomplishment of its purpose; for when did a parchment ever have power adequately to restrain a government, that had either cunning to evade its requirements, or strength to overcome those who attempted its defence? The work of usurpation, therefore, though seriously checked, still went on, to a great extent, after Magna Carta." - Spooner, Trial by Jury, p. 202, in Works II. – The Magna Carta for our times, an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties, has either still to be compiled or published. To help bring it about I collected and offer digitized over 130 private human rights drafts. Is anyone interested in helping to complete this project and drafting an ideal declaration of genuine individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 20.11.08, 11.11.10. So far no even ONE has volunteered! – JZ, 11.11.10. -

CONSTITUTIONALISM: All constitutionalists want to see THEIR favorite constitution (in the way they interpret it) enforced. They, too, do not respect basic rights of others but deprive them of their exercise at least to the extent that their constitution and their interpretation of it permits them to do this. - JZ 21.7.87, 10.8.87. - CONSTITUTIONALISM & TERRITORIALISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: All the major laws that keep us in major troubles may be quite unconstitutional or, what may be worse, quite constitutional. That does not help us much against them. - JZ, 24.6.94. – VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP, PERSONAL LAWS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, MILITIA, PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: All, or nearly all, the advantage there is infixing any constitutional limits to the power of a government, is simply to give notice to the government of the point at which it will meet with resistance. If the people are then as good as their word, they may keep the government without (within? - JZ) the bounds they have set for it; otherwise, it will disregard them, as it proved by the example of all our American governments...." - Lysander Spooner, Trial by Jury. - Right from the beginning the mistake was made to keep the militia under the command of the government, rather than instituting it as an independent and voluntaristic guardian for individual rights and liberties. Nor was knowledge of individual rights and liberties ever sufficiently spread, by the governmental Bill of Rights Amendments or by other means. Furthermore, through doubtful clauses in the constitution, monetary despotism was made possible and it created ideas and mentalities in favour of further despotism. - JZ, 24.6.94, 21.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Although, as has already been said, the constitution is a paper that nobody ever signed, that few persons have ever read, and that the great body of the people never saw; and that has, consequently, no more claim to be the supreme law of the land, or to have any authority whatever, than has any other paper, that nobody ever signed, that few persons ever read, and that the great body of the people never saw." – Lysander Spooner, Letter to Grover Cleveland, Section XVII, p.52, Works I.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: and although it purports to authorise a government, in which the lawmakers, judges, and executive officers are all to be secured against any responsibility whatever TO THE PEOPLE, whose liberty and rights are at stake; and although this government is kept in operation only by votes given in secret (by secret ballot), and in a way to save the voters from all personal responsibility for the acts of their agents, - the lawmakers, judges, etc.; and although the whole affair is so audacious a fraud and usurpation, that no people could be expected to agree to it, or ought to submit to it, for a moment; yet, inasmuch as the constitution declares itself to have been ordained and established by the people of the United States, for the maintenance of liberty and justice for themselves and their posterity; and inasmuch as all its supporters - that is, the voters, lawmakers, judges, etc. profess to derive all their authority from it; and inasmuch as all lawmakers, and all judicial and executive officers, both national and State, swear to support it; and esteem it the highest glory to kill, all who do not submit to its authority; we might reasonably expect, that from motives of common decency, if from no other, those who profess to administer it, would pay some deference to its commands, AT LEAST IN THOSE PARTICULAR CASES WHERE IT EXPLICITLY FORBIDS ANY VIOLATION OF THE NATURAL RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE." – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p. 53 in Works I.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: And they so devised our Constitution as to prevent destruction of natural rights by the acts of government." - Ben Moreell, Log I/4. - Did they? To some Constitutionalists the U.S. Constitution has become a holy book, which they swallow and regurgitate - with all its flaws and contradictions, carried by a faith and a selective blindness. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: And, as a matter of fact, there is not the slightest probability that the Constitution has a single BONA FIDE supporter in the country. That is to say, there is not the slightest probability that there is a single man in the country, who both understands what the Constitution really is, AND SINCERELY SUPPORTS IT FOR WHAT IT REALLY IS." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI/17, Works I.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Any constitution that is only chosen and subscribed to and realized by its volunteers, always only at their own risk and expense. Just like a sports club, share company or sect, doing just its own things. There is nothing sacred, magical, moral or economic about territorially imposed and upheld constitutions, although all too many people still think so. – JZ, Facebook, 3.10.11, commenting on: Mises Seminar Podcast (29 Sep, 2011) | Liberty Australia - - VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, ASSOCIATIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, PERSONAL LAWS, COMPETING SOCIETIES, COMMUNITIES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM IN EVERY SPHERE

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Any constitution, contract, or agreement that purports to bind unborn generations, or in fact anyone other than the actual parties to it, is a despicable falsehood and a presumptuous fraud. We are free agents liable only for such as we ourselves undertake." - Fred Woodworth, Anarchism.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: As for adopting ways, which the State has provided for remedying the evil, I know not of such ways. They take too much time, and a man's life will be gone. I have other affairs to attend to. I came into this world, not chiefly to make this a good place to live in, but to live in it, be it good or bad. A man has not everything to do, but something; and because he cannot do EVERYTHING, it is not necessary that he should do SOMETHING wrong. It is not my business to be petitioning the Governor or the Legislature any more than it is theirs to petition me; and, if they should not hear my petition, what should I do then? But in this case the State has provided no way: its very Constitution is the evil." - Thoreau, Civil Disobedience. - I think the best remedy to arrive at most real or wanted solutions or alternatives is experimental freedom for volunteers. So far all present constitutions repress it rather than institutionalise it - on the bases of exterritorial autonomy, which could give all individuals their choice. - JZ, 7.7.94. – The best way to make good new ideas effective and to refute bad ideas would be to establish a common and world-wide Ideas Archive for them, to which anyone should be free to add his ideas or his criticism and which anyone might consult who is in need of better ideas. Likewise, all talents that are significant for the improvement of our political, economic and social systems ought to be registered there, to bring supply and demand in this sphere likewise together. – My PEACE PLANS series offers 3 books on the subject, 1 only in English, one only in German and one in English and German. All are offered online on a CD reproduced at

CONSTITUTIONALISM: As you may have heard, the U.S. is putting together a constitution for Iraq. Why don’t we just give them ours? Think about it – it was written by very smart people, it’s served us well for over two hundred years, and besides, we’re not using it anymore.” – Jay Leno. - It was not fully applied in the USA, either, e.g. the slaves were not liberated right away. It did not prevent monetary, financial, military, postal and educational despotism and was quite misleadingly, insufficiently and gradually supplemented by human rights amendments. - Rather, each of the diverse groups in Iraq should have been offered, via an alliance with their governments in exile, full exterritorial autonomy. From it they could have developed separately or in any kind of combination that they would have preferred. To impose a uniform territorial system upon them, no matter how good or democratic or republican or representative it is supposed to be, was even more wrong there then it was for people in America. If one does not go beyond the "founding fathers" one does not go far enough and not in the quite right direction, either. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. – IRAQ, JOKES, DEMOCRACY

CONSTITUTIONALISM: At the extremes, Spooner and Fitzhugh ... rejected constitutionalism - for opposite reasons. They knew that underneath the parchment guarantees, only temporarily held in check by them, was the imperial Leviathan, 'born in aggression and begotten of aggression.'" - J. R. Stromberg, LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 6/76. - Choice in governments and societies, for individuals, would open up all personal law, personal constitution, voluntarist and social contract options - and limit them by individual secessionism. - Political science isn't political science and political philosophy is not political philosophy until they have fully explored this option. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: By the tables of mortality, of the adults living at one moment of time, a majority will be dead in about nineteen years. At the end of that period, then, a new majority is come into place; or, in other words, a new generation. Each generation is as independent of the one preceding, as that was of all which had gone before. It has, then, like them, a right to choose for itself the form of government it believes most promotive to its own happiness; consequently, a solemn opportunity of doing this every nineteen or twenty years should be provided by the Constitution." - Thomas Jefferson, Letter to W. H. Torrance, 1815. - Under panarchism not just one generation, for its lifetime and for all its members, but all individuals, all the time, would have the right and the opportunity to choose the constitution of their dreams for themselves. - JZ, 26.9.85, 12.7.86, 24.6.94. – TIME-LIMIT ON CONSTITUTIONS & PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Constitoounts air hendy to help a man in, but arterwards don't weigh the heft of a pin." - Lowell, The Biglow Papers, Ser. i, No. 4. - POWER, CORRUPTION, POLITICIANS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: CONSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS: Title of an essay by James Buchanan, in: The New Palgrave: The Invisible Hand, ed. By John Eatwell, Murray Milgate & Peter Newman, W. W. Norton, 1987/89, p.79. – No constitutional economics is needed, generally, by all people in a territory or in the world, except those, who individually agreed upon it. But freedom in economics is needed by and for all those, who have already learnt to appreciate it. – JZ, 15.11.11, 24.2.12. - EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM & ITS MONOPOLISTIC COERCION.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: CONSTITUTIONS & OTHER TERRITORIAL LEGISLATION: Mises Seminar Podcast (29 Sep, 2011) | Liberty Australia - - I do not believe that any territorial constitution, which imposes its kind of territorial despotism, is the best standard to decide about the rightfulness or wrongfulness of any exchange media, clearing and credit options and any value standards that volunteers wish to use among themselves. No governmental constitution includes so far a declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties. Thereby they do already condemn themselves. All government money issues are already wrong as monopoly monies. At most they can demand that their taxes are paid in their money. But are their compulsory taxes rightful? – JZ, on Facebook, 30.9.11.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Constitutions are checks upon the hasty action of the majority. They are the self-imposed restraints of a whole people upon a majority of them to secure sober action and a respect for the rights of the minority.” – William Howard Taft (1857-1930), U.S. President, Veto Message, Arizona Enabling Act, Aug. 22, 1911. - How often has this aim been achieved and how often not? - JZ, 24.6.94. - How often do they sufficiently restrain majorities and minorities? - Only if chosen and applied ONLY to volunteers could they fully represent all of their people. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Constitutions are open to similar objections: they not only mean that people are to be governed by the 'dicta' of their remotest ancestors' but prevent the progress of political knowledge." - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.207, on Godwin.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Constitutions are utterly worthless to restrain the tyranny of governments, unless it be understood that the people will by force compel the government to keep within constitutional limits. Practically speaking, no government knows any limits to its power except the endurance of the people." - Lysander Spooner, Trial by Jury. – To effectively resist it the people will have to know and appreciate all their individual rights and liberties and will have to be organized, trained and armed to defend them in ideal militia forces, self-managed, of volunteers only, committed to uphold their individual rights and liberties. – A government-run militia will not do. - JZ, 21.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Constitutions never were and cannot be living entities. – JZ, 4.10.11, in Facebook comment to an entry on: Jeremy Scahill on can the CIA kill whoever they want -

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Constitutions should be binding only upon those, who themselves signed them. – They should be no “holy books” for anyone else. – If they contain also genuine individual rights and liberties then these should be binding as such, not because they are contained in a constitution. However, through their constitution and its usually all too limited bill of rights volunteers could renounce or restrict as many of their own rights and liberties as they want to. - JZ, 1.11.97, 22.9.08. - INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Constitutions, with regard to the rights of the subjects, teach largely only what governments either habitually ignore or misinterpret. At best they offer more cases for legal wrangling among politicians and the experts, at the expense of the taxpayers or other victims. The costs involved are, mostly, far beyond the reach of the individual dissenter, attempting to achieve respect for one or the other constitutional principle, which the government has infringed. Such cases draw out for years, their outcome is very uncertain and are more likely to favour government abuses than citizens' individual rights. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Contrary to popular opinion, the Constitution was not – and is not – a grant of rights to the citizenry. Instead, the Constitution is a "barbed-wire entanglement" designed to interfere with, restrict, and impede government officials in the exercise of political power.” – Jacob Hornberger, 11/01 - Was it ever sufficiently effective in this? I would rather rely on an ideal militia. But it, too, would require a much better documentation of genuine rights and liberties than the constitution provides. - JZ, 13. 11. 06. See my digitized collection of so far ca. 130 private human rights declaration in PEACE PLANS 589/590 and the discussions of rights this anthology does also contain. - JZ, 23. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Corruption, the most infallible symptom of constitutional liberty." - Edward Gibbon, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. - Was it constitutional liberties or constitutional slavery and despotism that made it corrupt, weak and finally perish? - JZ, 24.6.94. - In all territorial constitutions some decide and dispose on behalf of others and at the expense of others and against their will. That is inevitably corrupting. - JZ, 12.11.82, 24.6.94. –

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Covenant with death and an agreement with hell.” – Garrison’s bitter description of the Constitution of the United States because of its compromises with slavery, which his anti-slavery society maintained from 1848 to the Civil War. - – Louis Filler, A Dictionary of American Social Reform, Philosophical Library, New York, 1963, p. 184. – Not that this was the only flaw in it. The worst aspect is its territorialism and from this is also followed that it could be interpreted e.g. even in favor of monetary despotism and conscription not only in favor of its postal monopoly and a standing army. – JZ, 9.9.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Daumier was a fervent worshipper of freedom and remained one till death closed his eyes. He felt truly that freedom cannot be hemmed in by the narrow frame of a constitution, that it cannot breathe, must suffocate, as soon as it is delivered over to the hair-splitting of advocates and lawmakers. What an expressive language is spoken by the plate, 'The constitution puts Liberty into a hypnotic sleep!' And that other drawing, where the constitution is fitting a new dress on Liberty, who pleads anxiously, 'Don't take off too much, please!' Ah, the time has not yet come, will never come, when, as Georg Buechner expects in DANTONS TOD (Danton's Death) - the pattern of the State will be alike a transparent garment that clings close to the body of the people so that every beat of a blood-vessel, every tensing of a muscle, every twitch of desire will show clearly through it. Even the best state constitution is inevitably a strait-jacket for freedom. Besides, the worthy tailors of the constitution have in every country cut away so much of the stuff of freedom that what is left makes hardly a decent nightshirt ..." - Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.511. - Here again the notion persists that a single and supposedly ideal constitution might ever fit all people in a territory - rather than permitting all people to dress themselves in whatever liberty-rags they like or go nude, if they prefer that. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Do not separate text from historical background. If you do, you will have perverted and subverted the Constitution, which can only end in a distorted, bastardized form of illegitimate government.” – James Madison. There has been too much constitution worship or interpretation or misinterpretation and 'blah -blah"! - To each the constitution of his own free choice, as long as he can and wants to put up with it! - JZ, 25. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Each generation ... has the right to choose for itself the form of government it believes the most promotive of its own happiness. ... A solemn opportunity of doing this every 19 or 20 years should be provided by the constitution." - Thomas Jefferson, to S. Kercheval, 1816. - Why should one have to be thus married to one's own generation? Why should any individual or minority group have to wait as long? Religious dissenters and non-conformists did not and do not now. Why should political, economic, social and ideological dissenters have to? And why should those, who are still satisfied with the old constitution, be deprived of it by a majority or a minority enforcing its own preference territorially? - JZ, 24.6.94. – One has only to concede that limiting the lifespan of laws and regulations is better than leaving them territorially in power until they are formally repealed. – JZ, 20.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Either the Constitution supports natural law - in which case it is superfluous - or it contradicts natural law - in which case the Constitution is criminal. In his early writings, Spooner tended toward the former position, and in his later writings - seeing what the U.S. government was now able to do - he turned unequivocally against the Constitution." - Charles Chiveley, in one of the introductions to Spooner's essays, probably, A Letter to Thomas F. Bayard.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Even a constitution cannot make a wrong a right and a right a wrong - except for those who voluntarily and individually subscribed to it. E.g., none of the U.S.A. slaves had subscribed to this constitution or was given a chance to do so or refuse to do so. - JZ, 26.11.93., 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Even if a voter did mean to legitimatise the government by voting, his sanction could only last until the next election. But on the question of the Constitution itself, no vote ever had been taken, and as a legal contract the Constitution has no validity. - 'the Constitution was never signed, nor agreed to, by anybody, as a contract, and therefore never bound anybody, and is now binding upon nobody; and is, moreover, such an one as no people can ever hereafter be expected to consent to, except as they may be forced to do so at the point of the bayonet...' (p.59) - Spooner's position is stated at the outset: 'The Constitution has no ... authority or obligation at all, unless as a contract between man and man.' (p3) He refuses to recognise any 'general will', 'social contract', 'national spirit', or even 'nation'. If the Constitution is a legal contract, Spooner asks to see the signatures of those bound to support it. When none can be produced, he concludes there is no contract. ( Incidentally, even in 1787 the delegates did not 'sign' the Constitution in the way 'signers' signed the Declaration of Independence. )" – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI, introduction by Charles Chiveley, 3/4, in Works I.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: even in the U.S., unique among governments in having a Constitution, parts of which at least were meant to impose strict and solemn limits upon its actions, even here the Constitution has proved to be an instrument for ratifying the expansion of State power rather than the opposite." – Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, p.76. - Individuals must remain free to withdraw their consent, i.e. to secede individually, and to transfer their allegiance to competing governments or non-governmental societies. That requires the option of exterritorial autonomy and personal constitutions and laws and jurisdiction arrangements for all of them. Do we really need further centuries of bloodshed to finally agree upon this? - JZ, 24.6.94. - PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Even the ... constitution is not binding upon you, for you didn't sign it." - Fritz Knese, THE CONNECTION 115, p.107.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Extraordinary conditions do not create or enlarge constitutional powers." - Supreme Court statement, as quoted in THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p. 563.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: From the utopian viewpoint, the United States constitution is a singularly hard-bitten and cautious document, for it breathes the spirit of skepticism about human altruism and incorporates a complex system of checks, balances and restrictions, so that everybody is holding the reins on everybody else.” – Chad Walsh, From Utopia to Nightmare, 1962. - Perhaps the nightmarish view of it does not need further explanation by now. - JZ, 23. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Furthermore I’m a constitutionalist only to the extent of taking the position, “The Constitution isn’t perfect, but it’s better than what we have now. (5)” – Claire Wolfe, Don’t Shoot the Bastards (YET), 101 More Ways To Salvage Freedom, 24. - (5) For an enlightening view of the Constitution, read Hologram of Liberty, by Ken Royce, Boston T. Party, Javelin Press, 1998.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: GEORGE MASON: as a member of Virginia’s delegation to the Constitutional Convention, he refused to sign that document because it did not provide for the abolition of slavery, nor safeguard, sufficiently, the rights of the individual. -  – Robert R. Siegrist, Rotunda, Condor, N.Y., 1977.p.602.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Get to know our heritage and our constitution." - Roger Bush, SUN, 27.11.75. - That would give us quite an insufficient knowledge of our individual liberty options, unless one included in "heritage" ALL ideas on liberty and rights. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Having divided Government into three parts, the revolutionists limited each one of the parts. The Federal Constitution, for example, forbids men in office to increase their own salaries. It forbids the President to adjourn Congress. It forbids him to make treaties, or even to appoint his own assistants, without the advice of the Congressmen and their consent. It forbids both the President and the Congressmen to interfere with the courts. It forbids the President and the Senators to appropriate money from the Federal Treasury. It forbids them to impose, collect, or spend taxes; only the members of the House of Representatives are permitted to do that, and they are subject to recall every two years. In short, a Constitution forbids. It exists to limit and restrain and check and hinder American Government." – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.200. - And what have all these constitutional prohibitions achieved??? - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Here was a government that had never had any legitimate existence. It professedly rested all its authority on a certain paper called a constitution; a paper, I repeat, that nobody had ever signed, that few persons had ever read, that the great body of the people had never seen. This government had been imposed, by a few property holders, upon a people too poor, too scattered, and many of them too ignorant, to resist. It had been carried on, for some seventy years, by a mere cabal of irresponsible men, called lawmakers." – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.73, Works I.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: However well intended, such liberal constitutionalism was doomed to long-run failure, for it asked that government not act like government." - J. R. Stromberg, LIBERTARIAN FORUM, June 76. - The exterritorial and voluntaristic alternative of competing governments is, again, left out of consideration. - Is "selective blindness" the proper term for this? - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: I believe that no act should be treated as a legal offence unless such act is of a nature to constrain the will and self-dependent actions of another person." - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p.154. - LAWS, REGULATIONS, COERCION, COMPULSION, FORCE, VIOLENCE, LIMITATION, RESTRICTIONS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: I cannot undertake to lay my finger upon an article of the Constitution which granted a right to Congress of expending, on the objects of benevolence, the money of their constituents.” – James Madison  & POLITICIANS, MEMBERS OF CONGRESS OR OTHER PARLIAMENTS, WELFARE STATE, BENEVOLENCE WITH OTHER PEOPLE’S MONEY

CONSTITUTIONALISM: I do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic...." – Congressional Oath of Office – How many of them acted in accordance with this oath? – JZ, 13.11.08. - OATH

CONSTITUTIONALISM: I have not signed the constitution. Have you?" - HARD CORE NEWS. - I never signed the Constitution." - Dangerous Buttons, No. 398.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: I shall exert every faculty I possess in aiding to prevent the Constitution from being nullified, destroyed, or impaired; and even though I should see it fail, I will still, with a voice feeble, perhaps, but earnest as ever issued from human lips, and [with extinguish], (? Typo? Will call? - JZ ) call on the people to come to its rescue.” - Daniel Webster, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. - Even constitutions, laws and freedom or democratic institutions should be competitively provided by and for competing communities of volunteers only rather than territorially imposed upon dissenters. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - For all too many the formalities of republican constitutionalism seem to be more important than individual human rights and they seem unaware of the wrongness of territorialism and of the incompleteness of the human rights declarations of all territorial governments. – JZ, 10.1.08. - Only the constitutions of volunteers are to be respected – by them and by all outsiders. Full exterritorial autonomy for all communities, societies and governance systems of volunteers. No one has the right to demand anything more nor should anyone demand anything less. Territorial monopoly constitutions imposed upon whole populations are nothing holy or to revered and maintained. – J.Z, 4.4.12. - TERRITORIALISM & INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: I want a government small enough to fit inside the Constitution.” – Harry Browne. – The constitution is not the ultimate measure of all political, economic, social and moral values. - Some, quite wrongly, see their ultimate savior or authority or divinity in it. - It is just a still very flawed and incomplete paper document, offering some paper guaranties for a limited number of rights and liberties. - I for one do not worship any other territorial constitution, either. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - - Those wanting more freedom or more government for their communities of volunteers should also be able to get their wishes – at their own expense and risk. The best and most free system, territorially imposed, will still have its dissenters and the dissenting statists do today vastly outnumber the freedom lovers. So, freedom lovers should offer all people the chance to realize their own ideals among themselves, to reduced to the utmost resistance against pro-freedom efforts for freedom lovers only. – JZ, 2.1.08. - SMALL OR LIMITED GOVERNMENT, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, LIMITED OR SMALL GOVERNMENT, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: If any considerable number of the people believe the Constitution to be good, why do they not sign it themselves, and make laws for, and administer them upon each other; leaving all other persons (who do not interfere with them) in peace? Until they have tried the experiment for themselves, how can they have the face to impose the Constitution upon, or even to recommend it to, others? Plainly the reason for such absurd and inconsistent conduct is that they want the Constitution, not solely for any honest or legitimate use it can be of to themselves or others, but for the dishonest and illegitimate power it gives them over the persons and properties of others." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI, 26/27, Works I.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: If the people of this country wish to maintain such a government as the Constitution describes, there is no reason in the world why they should not sign the instrument itself, and thus make known their wishes in an open, authentic manner; in such manner as the common sense and experience of mankind have shown to be reasonable and necessary in such cases; AND IN SUCH MANNER AS TO MAKE THEMSELVES (AS THEY OUGHT TO DO) INDIVIDUALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ACTS OF THE GOVERNMENT. But the people have never been asked to sign it. And the only reason why they have never been asked to sign it, has been that it has been known that they never would sign it; that they were neither such fools nor knaves as they must needs have been to be willing to sign it; that (at least as it has been practically interpreted) it is not what any sensible and honest man wants for himself; (*) nor such as he has any right to impose upon others. It is, to all moral intents and purposes, as destitute of obligation as the compacts which robbers and thieves and pirates enter into, with each other, but never sign." - Spooner, No Treason, VI/26, Works I. - - (*) There are still fools and self-deluded people around, some of them "good patriots" and even freedom lovers to a considerable extent, who do want it for themselves. Why not let them have it - for themselves only, not binding upon anyone else? - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: If we stuck to the Constitution as written, we would have: - no federal meddling in our schools; - no Federal Reserve; - no - U.S. membership in the UN; - no gun control; and - no foreign aid. - We would have no welfare for big corporations, or the "poor"; - no  American troops in 100 foreign countries, - no NAFTA, GATT, or "fast-track"; no arrogant federal judges - usurping  states rights; - no attacks on private property; - no income tax. - We could get rid of most of the cabinet departments, - most of the agencies, and - most of the budget. - The government would be small, frugal, and limited." - Congressman Ron Paul.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: In a profound sense, the idea of binding down power with the chains of a written Constitution has proved to be a noble experiment that failed. The idea of a strictly limited government has proved to be utopian; some other, more radical means must be found to prevent the growth of the aggressive State." - Rothbard, For a New Liberty, p.76. - Does he come out anywhere, quite clearly, for the panarchist, exterritorial and voluntaristic alternative institutions? - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: In our fluid times however plans and guidelines (such as I have outlined in this book) cannot be definitive. Lengthy guidelines may have been possible in slower times. Today we cannot and should not even attempt to structure the future through elaborate plans. Our increasingly fluid times demand fluid guidelines." - F. M. Esfandiary, Upwingers, 1973, XI. - Let each individual choose his own plans and constitutions and utopias for his own actions and those of like-minded volunteers, or draft them - for voluntary subscribers only. Then adaptations will be "fluid" and easy enough among these communities & societies of volunteers only. - JZ, 24.6.94, 21.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: In the absence of a constitution, men look entirely to party; and instead of principle governing party, party governs principle. – Thomas Paine, quoted by Nizam Ahmad shared Capitalism's photo. – Facebook, 7.10.12. – John Zube : To make principles, faiths or ideologies prevail, at least among their believers, all constitutions, societies, communities and government systems should be by and for volunteers only. To mix all the different factions, parties, movements, faiths, peoples and aspirations territorially together and to try to express them by some form of "representation" with legalizing or prohibiting powers, is asking for trouble and getting it. See e.g. - PRINCIPLES, REPRESENTATION, TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: In the end Patrick Henry, that great orator of liberty, said, 'I look on that paper as the most fatal plan that could possibly be conceived to enslave a free people.' He didn't think it would work. He could only envision the federal government eventually becoming stronger and denying all rights to the states and eventually to the people. He was right." - JimLewis, Liberty Reclaimed, p.14.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: In view of the Constitution, in the eye of the law, there is in this country no superior, dominant, ruling class of citizens. There is no caste here. Our Constitution is colorblind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens.” – John Marshall Harlan (1833-1911), U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896. - Don't we have them in form of politicians, bureaucrats and military officers? Are owners of mass media, their editors and journalists, as well as other contributors accepted by them, in the same class as are most of their readers, viewers and listeners? - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - CLASSES & CASTES

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Individual guarantees stated in writing in the constitution are of no use to a nation if it is not the people, but a third party, whether government or trade-union, that fixes prices and wages and determines what is to be produced and what is to be sold; for in that case the people, in being deprived of their RIGHT OF FREE CHOICE in the market, i.e., their right to assign everything the rank and the value it suits them to give it, from being sovereign are reduced to the status of slaves. Control of the market by the governmental authorities is the instrument of the modern dictatorships, much less cruel in appearance, much less spectacular, but far more effective than the police and resort to naked force." - Ballve, Economics, 16. – PRICE- & WAGE CONTROL

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Instead of being restrained by their constitutions, as was intended, the modern democratic States have declared their independence and seek to legislate every activity that man and woman can devise." - David Hart, reviewing Hayek's Wither Democracy? - LEGISLATORS, LAWS, POLITICIANS.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: It is commonly believed that the rights of the American people come from the Constitution. Nothing could be further from the truth.” – Jacob G. Hornberger [Our rights are inalienable; they exist independently of government, not because of government.] - RIGHTS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: It is of no avail to say... that in surrendering their liberties into the hands of the government, the people took an oath from the government, that it would exercise its power within certain constitutional limits; for when did oaths ever restrain a government that was otherwise unrestrained? Or when did a government fail to determine that all its acts were within the constitutional and authorised limits of its power, if it were permitted to determine that question for itself?" - Spooner, Works II, Trial by Jury, 12/13.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: It is plain, then, that on general principles of law and reason - such principles as we all act upon in courts of justice and in common life - the Constitution is no contract; that it binds nobody, and never did bind anybody; and that all those who pretend to act by its authority, are really acting without any legitimate authority at all; that, on general principles of law and reason, they are mere usurpers, and that everybody not only has the right, but is morally bound, to treat them as such." – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI/26, Works I.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: It is very doubtful whether man is enough of a political animal to produce a good, sensible, serious and efficient constitution. All the evidence is against it." - G. B. Shaw, Address in N.Y., April 11, 1933. - But he can produce many different faulty ones and each individual should be at liberty to suffer under that of his own free choice, as long as he can stand it. - JZ, 16.9.85, 24.6.94. – Certainly, no one and no group has the right to be a constitution-maker and law giver for the population of whole territories. They are much too diverse for that. – JZ, 21.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Jefferson asked: “Is it possible to draft a constitutions that is really going to check the power of government?” – Quoted by George H. Smith in FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, 12/07, p.6. – Q.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Keep your constitution for yourself - and abide by it, as you interpret or amend it - but do not impose it upon even a single peaceful dissenter. - JZ, 28.3.89. - PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Legalize Freedom. Restore the Constitution. – Ransome Christova Godwin, quoted on Facebook, 24.2.12. – As if the USA Constitution – or any other – ever legalized ALL rights and liberties! – JZ, 24.2.12.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Live under your very own constitution - and laws and jurisdiction, administration etc., but do not force anyone to live under yours - except, as a punishment for those who have committed crimes or aggression against you. - JZ, 6.9.73, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Lord Action remarked once that the Constitution was a device for avoiding settling basic issues. Have you noticed how easy the Constitution is to 'interpret'?" - Jim Downard, THE CONNECTION 107, p.36.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Mannerisms - Mannkal Economic Education Foundation - - The Unconstitutionality of Government in Australia (demonstrated in under 300 words) - - by Benjamin Marks, editor-in-chief: The Australia Constitution (Part V) reads, “The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to …” almost everything, so long as the laws are “for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth.” - - “Government in Australia is unconstitutional, as it goes against “the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth.” - Which of its laws have FULLY achieved this objective and have never had contrary results? – JZ, 13.9.12, on Facebook  - CONSTITUTION OF AUSTRALIA & ITS LAWS OR LEGISLATION

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Many say that since all the signers of the Constitution were Christian, this is a Christian country. However, they were all white males as well. Are we a White Male Country?” – "bostnfound", in a Free State Project forum, 7/04 - Typo? "lostnfound"?; - US A CHRISTIAN COUNTRY?

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Men, who might today be regarded as rather anarchistic, strongly argued against the Constitution, feeling that it rather established a State than guaranteed liberty. The Declaration itself seemed enough to some and, indeed, upon reflection, it might seem so to some today." - Karl Hess, The Lawless State, 22.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Mises Seminar Podcast (29 Sep, 2011) | Liberty Australia - - I do not believe that any territorial constitution, which imposes its kind of territorial despotism, is the best standard to decide about the rightfulness or wrongfulness of any exchange media, clearing and credit options and any value standards that volunteers wish to use among themselves. No governmental constitution includes so far a declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties. Thereby they do already condemn themselves. All government money issues are already wrong as monopoly monies. At most they can demand that their taxes are paid in their money. But are their compulsory taxes rightful? – JZ on Facebook, 30.9.11. - CONSTITUTIONS & OTHER TERRITORIAL LEGISLATION

CONSTITUTIONALISM: No constitution in history ever impeded the State's drive for power, not when the State really wanted something." - Jim Downard, THE CONNECTION 106, p.19. - If citizens were armed, trained and motivated and militarily organized to uphold their own constitution and all the individual rights and liberties they do want to practice, for themselves, in their own communities, societies or governmental systems, freely chosen by individuals for themselves, it would be another matter. - JZ, 1.11.82, 24.6.94, 21.11.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, ONE-MAN REVOLUTIONS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: No constitution, no court, no law can save liberty when it dies in the hearts and minds of men.” - John Perkins, APPRECIATION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, ENLIGHTENMENT, KNOWLEDGE, MORALITY

CONSTITUTIONALISM: No man can delegate, or give to another, any right or arbitrary domination over himself, for that would be giving himself away as a slave. And this no man can do. Any contract to do so is necessarily an absurd one, and has no validity. To call such a contract a 'constitution', or by any other high-sounding name, does not alter its character as an absurd and void contract." - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Thomas F. Bayard. - What if the constitution permits individual secession and exterritorial autonomy for competing communities of volunteers? - JZ, 24.6.94. - REPRESENTATION, SLAVERY, DOMINATION, ARBITRARINESS, CONTRACTS, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSION

CONSTITUTIONALISM: No man, Spooner argues, has the right to sign a compact, contract or charter binding on other men who do not sign it; the creators of the Constitution, therefore, made a system binding only upon themselves and upon such lands as they personally occupied and used; it was not binding on any subsequent generations." - Robert Anton Wilson, in THE MATCH, 7.8.72.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: No one is bound to obey an unconstitutional law, and no courts are bound to enforce it." - 16 Am Jur 2d, Sec 177, late 2d, Sec 256: - DISOBEDIENCE, BREAKING LAWS, GUN CONTROL LAWS OR VICTIM DISARMAMENT

CONSTITUTIONALISM: No society can make a perpetual constitution, or even a perpetual law. The earth belongs always to the living generation: they may manage it, then, and what proceeds from it, as they please, during their usufruct. They are masters, too, of their own persons, and consequently may govern themselves as they please. But persons and property make the sum of the objects of government. The constitution and the laws of their predecessors are extinguished then, in their natural course, with those whose will gave them being. This could preserve that being till it ceased to be itself, and no longer. Every constitution, then, and every law, naturally expires at the end of thirty-four years (the average life). If it be enforced longer, it is an act of force, and not of right. It may be said, that the succeeding generation exercising, in fact, the power of repeal, this leaves them as free as if the constitution or law had been expressly limited to thirty-four years only. In the first place, this objection admits the right, in proposing an equivalent. But the power of repeal is not an equivalent. It might be, indeed, if every form of government were so perfectly contrived, that the will of the majority could always be obtained, fairly and without impediment. But this is true of no form. The people cannot assemble themselves; their representation is unequal and vicious. Various checks are opposed to every legislative proposition. Factions get possession of the public councils, ..." - Jefferson, in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p. 89. - See: Sunset legislation, Time limit on laws.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: No territorial constitution can be preferable to experimental freedom. - JZ, 24.6.94. - But every constitution can be practised by volunteers under exterritorial autonomy - at their own risk and expense. Who can rightly ask for more for his supposedly "ideal" constitution? - JZ, 3.10.02. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: No territorial constitution, even if strictly abided by, constitutes an ideal for a whole population. To all diverse individuals and groups only the constitutions, social contracts, systems, methods and organizations of their own free choice! No more territorial impositions! – John Zube - Facebook, 15.12.12. - TERRITORIALISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Of course the US Constitution isn't perfect, but it's a lot better than what we have now.” - From Monica Cellio’s homepage

CONSTITUTIONALISM: On every question of construction (of the Constitution) let us carry ourselves back to the time when the Constitution was adopted, recollect the spirit manifested in the debates, and instead of trying what meaning may be squeezed out of the text, or invented against it, conform to the probable one in which it was passed." - Thomas Jefferson, letter to William Johnson, June 12, 1823, "The Complete Jefferson", p.322. - Should we remain stuck on that model, just like many Christians are stuck on the Bible, while reading and interpreting it in thousands of different ways? - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - ORIGINAL MEANING

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Our Constitution is not a body of law to govern the people; it was formulated to govern the government, to make government the servant and not the master of the people.” – William F. Jasper. – Well, has it become the servant and not the master of the people? – JZ,6.1.08. - Q.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: our Constitution. It is an experiment, as all life is an experiment.” - Bruce L. Richmond, The Pattern of Freedom, Ljus English Library, vol 12, Stockholm, 1943, p.57, quoting Judge O. Wendell Homes: Abrams v. United States. - - No group of experimenters, no matter how large, has the right to monopolize any territory for its own favorite experiment or experiments. Freedom to experiment for all, even with constitutions, laws, jurisdictions etc., but always only at the expense and risk of the experimenter, i.e. under personal laws and exterritorial autonomy for voluntary communities. – JZ, 28.9.07. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VS. TERRITORIALISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Our new Constitution is now established, and has an appearance that promises permanency; but in this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.” – Benjamin Franklin. - In the long run the US constitution has increased and not decreased taxation and government powers, to the disadvantage of its subjects and even of the subjects of many foreign governments. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. -, TAXATION & POLITICS AS USUAL:

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Our whole constitutional heritage rebels at the thought of giving government the power to control men’s minds.” – Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993), U.S. Supreme Court. - The constitution cannot rebel, it is not a person. At most it can verbally contradict, via its readers and spokesmen. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. – And government control of our bodies, work, property and incomes is not any better, either. – JZ, 13.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Perhaps all constitutions should also provide for a historical review authority, examining every law proposed. If it should find that any new law is merely a revival of old laws and that the old laws have already failed at least a dozen times, previously, in all of the countries of the world, to achieve their objective, or had unwanted other effects, then it should be authorised to automatically dismiss this bill. Would ANY new laws stand this test? - Probably a data base of legislative attempts would result that would reveal most of them as quite useless, if not harmful, apart from being mostly wrong by infringing one or the other individual right or liberty. - Herbert Spencer was probably the first to propose such a data base. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Realisation of the dangers of centralisation, of the divorcement of political power from social control, gave rise to the idea of constitutionalism. A constitution undertakes to define the scope of political power, to delimit the functions the State may assume, as a condition for public support. It is a contractual agreement. But it is a matter of record that no State has long abided by the terms of the agreement; its inherent compulsion toward the acquisition of power cannot be inhibited by law. The best example of this is the life story of the American Constitution. It originated in the convention that a State is inherently incapable of containing its urge for power, and the writers not only defined and limited the scope of the new State but also provided for a system of 'checks and balances' that presumably would prevent its getting out of bounds." - Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, 141. - I wonder how much taxes governments would receive, if individual citizens were free to pay them only that percentage of taxes which would correspond to the percentage to which a government has kept to its constitutionally prescribed limitations, in the judgement of the individual taxpayer. I supposed that the assumed "mandate by the people" would rapidly disappear in that case, for most governments. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Seen in this light, it becomes clear why other nations gained nothing by copying our Constitution. Copying is useless unless the thinking be up to such a standard. And when our thinking falls below that of our Founding Fathers, our Constitution, like the copies of it in other lands, becomes but a scrap of paper. To expect anything more is like expecting a rogue to change his ways by pinning on him a 'good conduct' medal." - L. E. Read, The Coming Aristocracy, p.78. - THINK, THIRD WORLD, DEVELOPMENT, DEMOCRACY

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Solve" and "Problems" are not in the constitution.” – Doug Newman – Neither is “democracy” and in its amendments only too few genuine individual rights and liberties are clearly included. – JZ, 13.11.08. - Yes, even the problem of slavery was evaded by it, the problem with a post office monopoly was established by it, monetary despotism was not clearly enough avoided. It left the problem of centralized decision-making on war and peace and international treaties for all too many later generations, it did not even try to solve the problem of minorities – by leaving territorial rule untouched and it laid the foundations for tax slavery and protectionism. Its bill of rights amendments were all too incomplete and easily and largely legislated away, e.g. with ca. 20 000 gun laws infringing the second amendment. – Yet an as flawed document is still largely revered, as others revere the holy scriptures. – JZ, 3.1.08. – No wonder: It hasn’t provided any good system for solving any serious problem. It persevered experimental freedom for political, economic and social systems to itself – and then abused this power again and again, perhaps inevitably, as a territorial, monopolistic and coercive regime. – JZ, 5.4.12.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Some men look at Constitutions with sanctimonious reverence, and deem them like the ark of the covenant, too sacred to be touched. They ascribe to the men of the preceding age a wisdom more than human, and suppose what they did to be beyond amendment. We might as well require a man to wear the coat that fitted him as a boy, as civilised society to remain ever under the regime of their ancestors." - Jefferson. - However if any group volunteered to inflict any particular constitution upon itself, then all others would have not right to complain. - JZ, 24.6.94. - PANARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Some of the worst tyrannies, such as those of Russia and China, have been built on the under-structure of an almost perfect constitution." - Dagobert D. Runes, A Book of Contemplation, p.24. - No constitution is perfect which is territorially imposed upon peaceful dissenters. - JZ, 28.3.94. - And most rulers have usually left themselves a legal or juridical clause or formula to evade the general principle and promise of a constitutional clause. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Spooner's conversion from a lawyer, who saw some ultimate justice in the Constitution, to an anarchist, who held the Constitution as a mere blind for injustice." - Carl Watner, DANDELION, Winter 78.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The actual history of the Constitution, as everyone knows, has been a history of the gradual abandonment of all (such) impediments to government tyranny." - H. L. Mencken, Selected Prejudices, p.194. – TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS OR PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution declares that powers not prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. In addition to this division of powers between the central government and the States, further safeguards were erected by the dispersion of the powers of Federal and State governments into three coordinate branches, the legislative, executive, and judiciary. ALL OF THIS SEEMINGLY ELABORATE MECHANISM WAS DESIGNED PRIMARILY FOR ONE PURPOSE, TO PROTECT THE SMALLEST POSSIBLE MINORITY, ONE PERSON, AGAINST OPPRESSION BY THE LARGEST POSSIBLE MAJORITY, ALL OTHER PERSONS COMBINED. This is the very antithesis of political democracy!" - Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral's Log II, p.6. - And as such it has thoroughly failed. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. – Lysander Spooner. – Quoted by Billy Voluntaryist Burger on Facebook, 24.2.12.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution has no inherent authority or obligation. It has no authority or obligation at all, unless as a contract between man and man. And it does not so much as even purport to be a contract between persons now existing." - Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI, The Constitution of No Authority.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution is a limitation on the government, not on private individuals. It does not prescribe the conduct of private individuals, only the conduct of the government. It is not a charter for government power, but a charter of the citizens’ protection against the government.” – Ayn Rand. - Well, how much and for how long, if ever, did it actually protect all the rights of all subjects, including the slaves and taxpayers, conscripts and drug addicts, gun owners, consumers, producers, bankers, Negroes, Indians, Mexicans, Eskimos and ordinary subjects of various other ethnic backgrounds? - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - Even the best constitution should apply only to volunteers – and to private or official aggressors against it, not to peaceful citizens doing their own things among themselves, under full exterritorial autonomy. No constitution can rightfully establish a territorial monopoly. – JZ, 2.1.08. – CONSTITUTIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution is a mere thing of wax in the hands of the Judiciary, which they may twist and shape in any form they please." - Jefferson. - COURTS, JURISDICTION, CHECKS AND BALANCES.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution is a written instrument. As such, its meaning does not alter. That which it meant when it was adopted, it means now. – South Carolina v. United States, 199 U.S. 437, 448 (1905) What it meant then was not enough. It still did not abolish even slavery for a long time and it allowed monetary despotism and protectionism to arise and continued e.g. the postal monopoly and, far worse, the centralized decision-making power on war and peace. Its bill of rights was and still is very incomplete and flawed and almost all its clauses are restricted by special legislation, although for a ruling constitution this should not be possible. - JZ, 26. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution is not hearsay. It is not a bunch of legal myths passed along by word of mouth. It is not a depository for judicial delusions and ideological pipe dreams. It is not a figment of some justice’s Marxian imagination. It is a written document – a legally binding contract whose words, spirit and intent are clear.” – Linda Bowles, nationally syndicated columnist. - The writings of Lysander Spooner and others revealed most of its inherent and remaining defects. Slavery and monetary despotism, as well as compulsory taxation and the suppression of individual and group secessionism, in short, its territorialism, are probably its worst factors. Nor are its law-making, juridical, policing and military monopoly and its power of centralized decision-making on war and peace to be approved of: For instance, it led to the absurdity of nuclear overkill power. All the faithful tend to overlook the wrongs and flaws in their dogmas and institutions. In this case territorial statism sees to that. - JZ, 26. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution is not neutral. It was designed to take the government off the backs of people.” – Justice William O. Douglas. - But its ultimate "achievement" was, to put bigger and more expensive and more despotic governments on the backs of almost all the people. Only e.g. criminals and drug dealers do, largely, manage to avoid their rule and tax burdens. This seems to indicate a flaw in its design. I hold its territorialism to be the worst flaw, followed by its monetary and financial despotism, then by its military and police monopoly. You make your own additions to this list: - JZ, 22. 11. 06. – The quote seems to assume, according to this remarket, that the US Constitution was an anarchist manifesto! – JZ, 13.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution is the Contract with America.” – Anonymous. - America does not exist, except as a geographic location. As such it cannot engage in contracts. Only individuals - consenting adults can. The constitution has never been laid before them, in any generation, to sign. It is thus a document without authority. It was signed only by a few and they are long dead. When signed by living individuals, it should bind only them. The oath of public servants to uphold it was more or less only a ritual formality, never taken quite serious by most, from the lowest bureaucrat, policeman and soldier up to the highest post, that of the President. - A territorialist constitution is by its very nature the worst constitution which citizens could have. It deprives their individual dissenters and minority group people of their choices, sometimes even the majority, with sufficient juggling of the election outcomes. - JZ, 24. 11. 06. - See especially the writings of Lysander Spooner or this, especially his "No Treason, the Constitution of no Authority". - A CONTRACT? NO, IT IS NOT. IT, TOO, IS A TERRITORIAL IMPOSITION

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The constitution no longer rules but has been neutralized by unconstitutional law and jurisdiction. – JZ, 2.11.04. Anyhow, even the best constitution should not be territorially forced upon any peaceful people who disagree with it and would rather prefer their own constitutions, laws, jurisdiction and institutions. – JZ, 6.10.07.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution of the United States was made not merely for the generation that then existed, but for posterity - unlimited, undefined, endless, perpetual posterity." - Henry Clay, Speech in the Senate, Feb. 6, 1850. - By what divine intervention? How could flawed human beings draft something so perfect? Why should imperfect human beings be bound to something perfect? We have scrapped most of the political, economic, moral and philosophical text books available to the "Founding Fathers". Why shouldn't we scrap or at least doubt their conclusions from them? - JZ, 24.6.94. –

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution poses no threat to our current form of government.” – Joseph Sobran. - But as a territorialist document it was the mother of our current wrongful condition. - Americans all too often speak only in terms of the US, instead of trying to make a universally valid statement. - JZ, 24. 11. 06. - It has neither sufficiently checked the legislators nor the government nor the judiciary. In all three abuses abound. – JZ, 6.1.08. - NOW MERELY A PAPER DOCUMENT, LARGELY IGNORED

CONSTITUTIONALISM: the Constitution very carefully empowers the President, and the Congress, and the Supreme Court, not you." - Marc Eric Ely Chaitlin, THE CONNECTION 142, p.81. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS, SECESSIONISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution was made to guard the people against the dangers of good intentions.” – Daniel Webster. - Well, has it succeeded or has it provided over 200 years of failures or only all too limited successes? - JZ, 25. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitution: it’s not just a good idea, it’s the law.” – Michael Badnarik, 2004 LP Presidential candidate. - I deny that it is sufficiently full of good ideas - except for its own adherents. It is not good enough for all the peaceful dissenters. And numerous laws have practically rendered it impotent. - JZ, 25. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The constitutional system of territorial States is one that de-constitutes freedom of action for all minorities and often even for the majority. - JZ, 22.11.90, 24.6.94. – , INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Constitutionalists suffer under the delusion that all the freedom worth having is already contained in their favorite constitution and that wish merely this limited freedom to be either maintained or restored. Under full exterritorial autonomy for societies of volunteers they could go as far as they want to and are able to towards full freedom, with their particular constitution, applying only to the voluntary subscribers. – JZ, 1.6.95, 22.9.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The Declaration is really so clear. Perhaps that's why the Constitution is taught diligently in school while the Declaration, which is our most fundamental political statement, is treated casually. The Constitution tells us, in effect, why we cannot or should not act in our own self-interest - we must depend on duly-appointed others to do it for us. The Declaration tells us that there comes a time when we must stop taking orders and start taking our lives back into our own hands. - The Declaration points out that the only reason to institute a government is to advance the well-being of the people who get together to do it. Should there come a time when the government ceases to advance the general welfare but, instead, usurps the power of the people, reduces them to wards of power, and serves special interests, then the Declaration says that the people should overthrow that power and replace it with something more practical." - Karl Hess, Dear America, p.92. - I rather favour the one-man revolutions, where one dissatisfied individual can freely secede and voluntarily associate with others under a constitution of their choice, leaving the old one to those who still like it - and the abuses it has led to. - This approach is more just and peace-promoting. Alas, it is not yet constitutional and not even sufficiently discussed among libertarians and anarchists. - JZ, 24.6.94. – PANARCHISM: FREE CHOICE AMONG CONSTITUTIONS, GOVERNMENTS, SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES – FOR INDIVIDUALS & MINORITIES

CONSTITUTIONALISM: the Founding Fathers ... knew that every government is by its nature an incipient tyranny and that no number of Constitutional chains can effectively restrain it where the people are not continuously alert to the all important necessity for its continued restraint." - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.70. - In the absence of a constitutional clause or amendment, permitting individual secession and exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, probably also in the absence of monetary and financial freedom and of ideal and voluntary militia forces, well trained, armed, motivated and organized for the protection of all individual rights, clearly enough declared, no territorial constitution will restrict any government sufficiently and for very long. - JZ, 24.6.94, 21.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The illegal we do immediately. The unconstitutional takes a little longer.” - Henry Kissinger – LEGALITY, GOVERNMENT

CONSTITUTIONALISM: the just freedom and happiness of a Nation, being above all Constitutions, whether of Kings, Parliaments, or any other." - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1647, in: A. L. Morton: Freedom In Arms, 177. – “Nations” of the territorial type are just as much misconceptions and malpractice examples as are territorial Kings, Parliaments and Constitutions, laws and juridical systems. – JZ, 21.11.08. - JUSTICE, RIGHTS, FREEDOM, HUMAN RIGHTS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The main point of a constitution is to put limits on what aspects of life are subject to majority rule.” – Ronald Bailey. – When and where has this been done quite successfully, i.e., when and where were genuine individual rights and liberties fully recognized and respected by any territorial State? – JZ, 4.1.08. - MAJORITIES, MINORITIES, HUMAN RIGHTS, QUESTIONS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The man in China has no right of assembly, no freedom of press or speech, no right to strike or travel, no right to conjugal living with his family, no rights to any property no matter how small, no choice of work or leisure - in fact, he is just a nameless cog in the machinery of the commune. Still the law of China as set down in its Red constitution reads like a parchment of the people's privileges. Jurists made it read like that at the behest of Mao, who masterminded the code.” - D. R. Runes, Treasury of Though, p.81.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The particular phraseology of the Constitution of the United States confirms and strengthens the principle, supposed to be essential to all written constitutions, that a law repugnant to the Constitution is void; and that courts, as well as other departments, are bound by that instrument." - John Marshall, Opinion as Chief Justice in Marburg vs. Madison, 1802. – How many wrongful laws have been passed and enforced in defiance of the constitution? – How many have been declared void by supreme courts? - JZ, 21.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The problem of the constitution of a State is, harsh as this may sound, possible even of a people made up of devils, if only they are rational. It sounds thus: To order a crowd of rational beings, all of whom want general laws for their preservation, but of whom each is secretly inclined to exempt himself from them, in such a way and so to establish their constitution that, although in their private ambitions they are antagonistic to each other, these would so neutralise themselves that in their public behaviour the result would be the same as if they had no such bad intentions. ... Anyhow, we should not expect of morality a good State constitution but, instead, from the latter a good moral development of a people." - Kant, Zum Ewigen Frieden, Kehrbach, p.32.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The protection of an American's liberty is not in voting, it is in the Constitutional restriction of the office-holder's interference with individuals; and in every American's vigilant defence of human rights - his own, and every other person's - by individual and mutual action, in all human relationships." - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of  Freedom, p.211.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The U.S. Constitution may be flawed, but it’s a whole lot better than what we have now.” – Unknown. - That still does not make it good enough, in every respect, except for its volunteers! - JZ, 26. 11. 06. – CONSTITUTION-USA, JOKE

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The ultimate touchstone of constitutionality is the Constitution itself and not what we have said about it.” – Felix Frankfurter, Graves vs. New York; 1939. - Constitutionality is not the most important thing. Nor are the rights amendments sufficiently expressing those rights and liberties by which even this constitution should be judged. How many of the wars, which this constitution still permitted the USA government to engage in, were quite just in their aims and methods? - The details of the first US conquest of the Philippines are rather instructive. -JZ, 23. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The United States Constitution (c) 1791. All Rights Reserved. – Source? - All genuine rights and liberties were not even declared in it. - Are all its limited rights still left untouched by legislators in all US States and by the Federal Government? - Those who legally or juridically largely abolished its limited liberties could also claim copyrights in their prohibitions and misinterpretations. - Copyrights themselves are largely a wrong, except within voluntary communities, where the members concede them to each other. - JZ, 23. 11. 06.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The US constitution did work for a few decades - because it didn't work. - JZ, 1/73, in summing up a remark by Patrick Brookes.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The word ‘Democracy’ cannot be found in the American Declaration of Independence, or the Constitution, or in the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag, or the Constitutions of any of the States.” – Unknown -  REPUBLICANISM & DEMOCRACY

CONSTITUTIONALISM: The wording of the Constitution - and particularly of the preamble - seems to indicate that this government was to be established by 'the people of the United States', who were presented as the principals in a contract of representation. This suggests two major problems. First, the people of the United States never saw the Constitution, had not authorised or requested it, and certainly never ratified it. (In fact, most citizens of this country have never read the Constitution, even today.) It was signed by no one - not even by the men who wrote it. Its status as a binding agreement has therefore never been self-evident." - Sorry, I failed to jot down the source. Spooner? LeFevre? Watner? - JZ

CONSTITUTIONALISM: There is no ideal constitution for all and there cannot be. To each the constitution of HIS choice. - JZ 21.7.87. – Naturally, this requires voluntarism under personal law or exterritorial autonomy. – JZ, 23.3.12.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: these lawmakers and judges have trampled upon, and utterly ignored, certain amendments to the constitution, which had been adopted, and (constitutionally speaking) become authoritative, as early as 1791; only two years after the government went into operation. - If these amendments had been obeyed, they would have compelled all congresses and courts to understand that, if the government had any constitutional powers at all, they were simply powers to protect men's natural rights, and not to destroy any of them." – Lysander Spooner, A Letter To Grover Cleveland, Works I, p. 96.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Think for yourself and defend the constitution. - Susie Burton shared Democrats and Republicans are Destroying America's photo. - John Zube:  To each group of volunteers its own constitution! No single territorial constitution, no matter how good it may be, should ever be forced upon a whole population. That is the basic constitutional wrong at present. – Facebook, 12.12.12.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: This Constitution will put a limit on government action, not on individual action. The Constitution will guarantee the right to life, liberty, and property. All laws restricting the voluntary interaction and trade of individuals will be henceforth repealed, forever." - Ted. A. Paduch, THE MERCURY, 11/78. – What good will it do you if you wave it in the face of a Stalin, Hitler, Mao or Idi Amin? – JZ, 21.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: This is a kind of faith that, in public affairs, is the equivalent of the faith of the believers in holy books. The US constitution, for instance, may, in many ways, be superior to the advice offered by e.g. the Bible or the Koran. But is it really sufficient for our time, even if its limited rights and liberties were not already largely legislated away and juridically interpreted as non-existing? – 10.3.04, 25.10.07. – Even of we could go back to it, in its original form – which still allowed slavery – and made the civil war possible, would that be good enough??? – JZ, 4.11.07. - CONSTITUTIONALISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Those who put their faith in the idea and practice that governmental power could be limited (and individual liberty protected) through written constitutions, have had to face the truth so well expressed by Anthony de Jasay: ”There is no way – constitutional or otherwise – to keep a sizable number of people from doing whatever they want to do.” Before the US Constitution was ratified, the anti-federalists were being asked to buy into a dangerous system – indeed a brief review of constitutional law cases reveals that, far from government having been delegated limited powers, it enjoyed an expansive grant of authority which, in turn, has been given a very broad interpretation favorable to the political establishment – and its corporate surrogates. – As you consider my proposal, keep this thought in mind: the Soviet Union also had a written constitution, broadly modeled upon the United States Constitution.” – Butler Shaffer, in speech: “The Failure of Governments to Limit State Power”, as reviewed in FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS. 12/07, p.14.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Though written constitutions may be violated in moments of passion or delusion, yet they furnish a text to which those who are watchful may again rally and recall the people; they fix too for the people the principles of their political creed." - Thomas Jefferson, letter to Joseph Priestley, June 19,1802. – Where the constitutions for whole territories and their populations ever good enough in this respect – and could they be? – JZ, 21.11.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Tis liberty alone that gives the flower of // fleeting life its lustre and perfume, // And we are weeds without it. // All constraint // Except what wisdom lays on evil men, // Is evil.” - William Cowper. - There are few left who still firmly believe that any existing constitution is the best possible embodiment of wisdom - unless they assume that some form of territorial constitutionalism is the least evil because they can think only in terms of territorial uniformity rather than in terms of exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. - JZ, 24.6.94. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, TERRITORIALISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Title of an essay by James Buchanan, in: The New Palgrave: The Invisible Hand, ed. By John Eatwell, Murray Milgate & Peter Newman, W. W. Norton, 1987/89, p.79. – No constitutional economics is needed, generally, by all people in a territory or in the world, except those, who individually agreed upon it. But freedom in economics is needed by and for all those, who have already learnt to appreciate it. – JZ, 15.11.11, 24.2.12. - EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM & ITS MONOPOLISTIC COERCION, CONSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: We are not bound by constitutions or agreements made by our ancestors." - THE MATCH, June 75.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: We do not have any effective constitutional protection against the size and scope of government and its massive burdens in the form of taxation, inflation, regulation and bureaucracy.” - Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.80. - - He should have added e.g. deflation and stagflation. The answer to this problem lies in letting individuals and their voluntary communities secede and compete. – JZ, 2.10.07. - LIMITED GOVERNMENT AGAINST SIZE & GROWTH OF TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: We the people are the rightful master of both congress and the courts – not to overthrow the Constitution, but to overthrow the men who pervert the Constitution.” – Abraham Lincoln. – Did he thus ask for his own overthrow? – JZ, 2.1.08.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: we’re trying to write a constitution that every Terran culture could agree to.” - Kim Stanley Robinson, Blue Mars, p.128. – At best this would be possible for a common declaration of individual rights and liberties, which would indicate their greatest extent. However, constitutions of diverse communities of volunteers would not be obliged to respect and practise all of these rights and liberties internally, among themselves, but only externally, towards all those panarchists, who, in their own panarchies, do claim them for themselves and to the extent that they do. – JZ, 11.9.07. - UNIFORMITY, UNITY, FEDERALISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: What is constitutional may still be unwise." - Zechariah Chafee, Jr., THE NATION, July 28, 1952. The Blessings of Liberty, 1956.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Whatever was good about any constitution was usually and soon and to a large extent destroyed by administrators, legislators and judges. The remaining skeleton usually belongs on the scrap heap. It is a vain and utopian attempt to unite all people in a territory under ONE constitution. Let each individual and all volunteer groups - have their own. - JZ, 24.6.94. - PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM

CONSTITUTIONALISM: When we recall that the Soviet Union had a constitution – modeled after the United States Constitution – it should be evident that liberty can never be guaranteed by the scribbling of words on parchment. Those who wave copies of the Constitution around as symbols of their liberty, remind me of dogs who have learned to carry their leashes in their mouths.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 17: The Delusion of Limited Government, which is online at – No constitution that I know of granted individuals the right to secede and to form alternative but only exterritorially autonomous societies and competing governments. – JZ, 19.2.05.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Where the right to individual freedom is a right deduced from the principles of the constitution, the idea readily occurs that the right is capable of being suspended or taken away." - A. V. Dicey. – RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, NATURAL RIGHTS, LAWS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Why only one constitution for all people in a whole country, no matter how different they and their views and preferences are? - JZ, 21.12.93. – Q.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Why should any laws be passable and go on to exist for months or years before they are finally found out, if ever, to be unconstitutional? Any constitution seems to be flawed which permits this to happen as frequently as it does happen now. Thus, while we still have to suffer under territorially imposed constitutions, there should at least be one constitutional clause and authority to examine all laws, and all their clauses and all the regulations passed under them, for their constitutionality, BEFORE they become law. Moreover, the members of that Authority should lose their job, their pensions and all their private property if ever found out in wrongly certifying any law, constitution or clause as fully constitutional. Such jobs might not be popular and probably none of the present politicians would be fit for it. - JZ, 24.6.94.

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Without the backing of enlightened and determined citizens in arms, governments do frequently consider constitutions intended to limit their powers as nothing more than scraps of paper, which they may ignore or interpret in their own interest, at will. - JZ, 24.6.94. - MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS

CONSTITUTIONALISM: Without the backing of enlightened and determined citizens in arms, governments do frequently consider constitutions intended to limit their powers as nothing more than scraps of paper, which they may ignore or interpret in their own interest, at will. - JZ, 24.6.94. - MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS



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