John Zube


Quotes, Notes, Comments & Slogans
for Individual Liberty & Rights
against Popular Statist Errors & Prejudices

Index - F1




FABIANISM: Fabian, n. A creeping socialist.” - L.A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon, p.43. A gradually & sneakily introduced State Socialism. – JZ, 10.3.13. – WELFARE STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

FABIANISM: Fabianism works. Libertarian Fabianism would work, too. - JZ, n.d. – Libertarian gradualism, in form of experimental freedom for volunteers, or one man revolutions by individual choices, could spread its benefits in the fastest and most lasting way – through all who are sufficiently enlightened about it to see its benefits to themselves. The many negagitve consequences of statist interventionism remaining, all around them, among its remaining volunteers, would continuously show the great differences and make the freedom alternatives all the more attractive. – Since freedom would not be forced upon any dissenters, it would not provoke any strong opposition. - JZ, 10.3.13.

FABIANISM: Radical Reform: there must be a great reduction in state committees and interference and a new self-help movement bringing a sense of involvement equal that of the early cooperative pioneers. We must rekindle a faith and belief in people as individual employers, as individual severs and as providers of capital, and as consumers of goods and services. This is a view of man's capabilities and potentialities which present-day socialists, who take such a jaundiced view of people's initiative, responsibilities and possibilities, just have not got. Those in the Fabian tradition who so loudly proclaim an egalitarian doctrine really have no faith in their fellow men and simply desire as elitists to manage them as a mandarin class manages its peasants. Share ownership and control of industry must be spread as widely as possible.” – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, Goodbye to Nationalization, p.9. , INDIVIDUALISM, RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-HELP, COOPERATION, EGALITARIANISM, SOCIALISM, ELITISM, INITIATIVE, MAN

FABIANISM: Strike hard: For the right moment you must wait, as Fabius did most patiently, when warring against Hannibal, though many censured his delays; but when the time comes you must strike hard, as Fabius did, or your waiting will be in vain.” - From Fabian Society's first tract. - Frank Podmore, 1855-1910. - As a strategy it is useful to libertarians as well. - JZ – One strikes hardest at any wrongful interventionism by setting a much more attractive example of sufficiently enlightened volunteers experimenting freely among themselves, always only at their own risk and expense and with the greatest success the more they do so quite consistently and thus provoking the least resistance. – JZ, 10.3.13. – ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, DOING THE OWN THINGS, SETTING ATTRACTIVE EXAMPLES, VOLUNTARISM VS. STATISM, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT & ASSOCIATION

FACTIONS: It is an epic story of warring faction, parties and movements under territorialism. – Under that condition trying to become the top dog – the one that dominates all others, is their only chance to do their own things. - John Zube : Factions that are exterritorially autonomous do not have to go to war with each other - because they are quite free to do their own things. – Facebook, 2.12.12. – PARTIES, MOVEMENTS, IDEOLOGIES, TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM VS. COMPULSION, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, WAR, HISTORY, STATISM, POWER STRUGGLES, DOMINATION ATTEMPTS, INTOLERANCE VS. TOLERANCE.

FACTIONALISM: An end to factionalism? Rather: Equal rights for all factions - realized by full exterritorial autonomy for all of them. This would largely end faction fighting or in-fighting because it would end the option and the threat of domination or of being dominated by just one faction. - JZ, 31.3.86 & 26.6.00. - FRAGMENTATION, PARTY STRIFE, DISSENT, DIVISIVENESS & PANARCHISM, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, VOLUNTARISM PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, CHOICE

FACTS: An important fact, an ingenious idea will occupy very many people, at first only to get to know it, then to understand it, then to develop it and carry it further.” - Goethe, “Sprueche in Prosa”, JZ tr. of: “Ein bedeutendes Faktum, ein geniales Aperçu beschaeftigt eine sehr grosse Anzahl Menschen, erst nur um es zu kennen, dann um es zu erkennen, dann es zu bearbeiten und weiter zu fuehren.” - Provided they get to hear or read about it in the first place. An Ideas Archive should provide them with millions of such opportunities. – JZ, 15.9.08. & IDEAS, IMPORTANT ONES

FACTS: As a matter of fact" is an expression that precedes many an expression that isn't. - Source? – RED.

FACTS: B.L's Linear Logic Language … Facts to them were always hooked up in a series. Whereas in truth they had to be analysed as a complex circuit complete with elements like positive and negative feedback, and crossover switching. With the whole thing being stirred up constantly by continual homeostasis correction.” - Harry Harrison, The K-Factor, ANALOG, UK edition, 4/61. - Compare the various characteristics of legal tender and of suppression and resistance. - JZ - TRUTH, LOGIC, CAUSE

FACTS: Data is important – but only when it yields understanding. - The individual who accumulates data endlessly is frequently a man who is afraid to face the inevitable conclusions his data leads to, and so avoids integrating it.” – John W. Campbell in: The John W. Campbell Letters, vol. 1, 1985 Eds.: Perry A. Chapdelaine, Sr., et al., AC Projects Inc., ISBN 0-931150-16-7, p.127. – This reminds me of e.g. endless statistical reports on size and kind of unemployment and inflation without arriving at a sound conclusion on what causes them and what would prevent or end them. – JZ, 10.3.13. – STATISTICS, SURVEYS, DATA, COMPREHENSION, CONCLUSIONS, JUDGMENT, UNDERSTANDING OF CAUSE & EFFECT, PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS

FACTS: Facts - the pinpricks to the balloons of our imagination. - JZ, 17.1.95. - "By all means, dream of castles in the air - and then build solid foundations for them!" - Source? - VS. IMAGINATION

FACTS: Facts are only the material of thought.” - Ernest Dimnet, The Art of Thinking, 1928. - And without power of observation, critical judgment, sound principles and ideas they are largely useless to help arrive at any rational solution. That is one of the reasons why politicians, confronted with mountains of factual information, still do not know what ought to be done rightfully and rationally, by free people. All they can think of is interfering with the actions of free people. - JZ, 22.6.00. – POLITICIANS, PROGRAMS, INTERVENTIONISM, INTERFERENCE, COMMAND ECONOMY, TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY VS. SECESSIONISM & EXPERIMENTLA FREEDOM FOR VOLUNTEERS

FACTS: Facts are sacred, comment free.” - Charles Prestwich Scott, quoted in C. Bingham, Men & Affairs, p.205. – “Comment is free but facts are sacred.” - Ascribed to the same, in MANCHESTER GUARDIAN, 6 May 1921. - Perhaps one should add: IF they are facts. Books and periodicals are full of invented "facts". - JZ, 30.8.85 & 22.6.00. - COMMENTS, FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

FACTS: Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclination, or the dictates of our passions, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence." - John Adams

FACTS: Facts are stubborn, but statistics are more pliable.” - Source? - STATISTICS

FACTS: Facts are stupid until brought into connection with some general law.” - Louis Agassiz, 1807-1873. - COMMON SENSE, JUDGMENT, UNDERSTANDING, CAUSE & EFFECT

FACTS: Facts cannot be altered by a wish, but they can destroy the wisher.” - Ayn Rand. - Quoted in Ringer: American Dream, p.297. -  WISHES

FACTS: Facts do not "speak for themselves." They speak for or against competing theories. Facts divorced from theories or visions are mere isolated curiosities. - Thomas Sowell - RED, PRACTICE, THEORY, IDEAS.

FACTS: Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored.” - Aldous Huxley, A Note on Dogma. - How many facts are habitually ignored by most politicians? The very fact that they strove for power and try to maintain themselves in it does already indicate that they do not really know what is happening and what ought to be done, namely, abolish the interferences of power with free and rightful actions of free people. - JZ, 22.6.00, 31.7.13. – RED.

FACTS: facts have a way of pointing in several different directions at once.” – James Blish, A Case of Conscience, Penguin SF, 1963, 81. Moreover, they are mostly selected and interpreted in accordance with popular prejudices or vested interests. – JZ, 25. 9. 07. - THEORIES, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, PRINCIPLES

FACTS: Facts per se can neither prove nor refute anything. Everything is decided by the interpretation and explanation of the facts, by the ideas and the theories.” - Ludwig von Mises IDEAS, INTERPRETATIONS, HYPOTHESES, THEORIES, UNDERSTANDING, PRACTICE, THEORY, EXPLANATIONS

FACTS: Get your facts first, and then you can distort them as much as you please.” - Mark Twain (1835-1910) – RED

FACTS: In scientific work, those who refuse to go beyond fact rarely get as far as fact.” - Thomas Huxley. - Better, perhaps: Those who refuse to go beyond the facts known to them will rarely go to reach for further facts that are still unknown to them and might be discovered by them. One must always proceed from limited known facts towards the unknown of probabilities, probabilities and speculations, and step carefully when one does so. - JZ, 13.6.00. - THEORY, PRACTICE, SPECULATIONS, HYPOTHESES, SCIENCE, IDEAS, SKEPTICISM, DOUBT, SCIENCE

FACTS: John once remarked that the universe does not recognize your right to your own opinion, unless your opinion is in accord with the facts.” - Stanley Schmidt, ANALOG 1/83 editorial, on John Campbell. - OPINIONS

FACTS: No facts whatever are presented to our senses uncombined with other facts - no facts whatever but are in some degree disguised by accompanying facts: disguised in such a manner that all must be partially understood before any one can be understood.” - Herbert Spencer, The Genesis of Science, Essays, I or II, p. 65. - THEIR INTERCONNECTEDNESS

FACTS: No human being ever acts on the facts of a case. See Information Theory; since communication media necessarily exist between the fact and the perception thereof, the human being necessarily reacts on the basis of a belief-pattern, and is absolutely incapable of action on the facts-as-they-are exteriorily.” – John W. Campbell in: The John W. Campbell Letters, vol. 1, 1985 Eds.: Perry A. Chapdelaine, Sr., et al., AC Projects Inc., ISBN 0-931150-16-7, p. 213. - BELIEF PATTERNS, RED., CREEDS, IDEOLOGIES, TRUE BELIEVERS

FACTS: Once you have made up your mind, facts are but a mere annoyance.” - Unknown, CONVICTIONS, MINDS, FIXED IDEAS, RED., , TRUE BELIEVERS, RELIGION, FANATICISM, RED., JOKES

FACTS: Realities are less dangerous than fancies. Fact-finding is more important than fault-finding.” - Carl Lotus Becker, Progress & Power. - Are politicians capable of fact finding? - JZ, 22.6.00. – Or willing to reveal them, to their own disadvantage? – JZ, 13.12.08.

FACTS: The bites of reality. "Twice bitten, twice shy!"- applies here, too. - JZ, 18.1.95.

FACTS: The degree of one's emotion varies inversely with one's knowledge of the facts - the less you know the hotter you get.” - Bertrand Russell. - KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, EMOTIONS

FACTS: The facts of reality determine our behavior much less than we like to think that they do. "It's all in the mind." And the mind is usually not a sufficiently moral, rational and informed one. - JZ, 6.9.95 & 13.6.00. - REALITY & MINDS, IMAGINATION, FEAR

FACTS: The trouble with facts is that there are so many of them.” - Samuel McChord Crothers, The Gentle Reader. - Are politicians better able to know them all and to distinguish them all than are free people in a free market? - JZ, 22.6.00. – RED.

FACTS: we may consider a fact as absolute, but only within the boundaries of its particular framework. We would not permit ourselves to carry over the absolute concept to a different framework.” - Mark Clifton & Frank Riley, They'd Rather Be Right, part III of IV, ASTOUNDING SF, Oct. 1954, 116. - RELATIVITY, FRAMEWORKS, HYPOTHESES, MULTIPLE HYPOTHESES

FAIL SAFE: When a fail-safe system fails, it fails by failing to fail safe. Nuclear strategists please note.” - John Gall, Systemantics, p.64. – to fail safely? – JZ. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, NUCLEAR SAFEGUARDS, DETERRENCE HYPOTHESIS, NUCLEAR DETERRENCE, ACCIDENTAL NUCLEAR WAR

FAILURES: Every failure teaches a man something, to wit, that he will probably fail again.” - H. L. Mencken. – If he does not learn from it and repeats his mistakes, just like most governments do. – JZ, 23.1.08. - MISTAKES

FAILURES: Failure is more frequently from want of energy than from the want of capital.” - Daniel Webster. – Sufficient freedom, initiative, forethought, preparations, correct ideas and optimal arguments and use of publicity options may be even more important than the availability of talent, energy, industry and capital. - JZ, 23.11.02, 13.3.13. - SUCCESS, ENERGY, CAPITAL, IDEAS

FAILURES: Failure is only the opportunity to begin again more intelligently. - Henry Ford, 1863-1947. - It is only an opportunity if one has still the freedom or right, resources, time and energy to try again. - JZ, 29.9.12. - & SUCCESS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

FAILURES: Failure should not be rewarded.” - Bernard H. Siegan, THE FREEMAN, 7/74. – SUBSIDIES, BAILOUTS, HANDOUTS, PRICE SUPPORTS, BANKRUPTCIES

FAILURES: Falling down is part of growing up, Petroski observes.” - G. Harry Stine, editorial, ANALOG, June 95. - GROWING UP, SUCCESS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

FAILURES: Fear not to let dying industries die and growing industries grow.” - Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air. - SUCCESS, SUBSIDIES, BANKRUPTCIES, PROTECTIONISM, BAILOUTS

FAILURES: Governments have a consistent record of failure in their endeavors. Even if you're willing to force others to pay for what you want, no government is going to solve the ecology problems, make women professional equals (*), prevent monopolies, or fulfill any other objective you may have in mind.” - Harry Browne, How I Found Freedom, p.99, on The Government Trap. – (*) At least some female professionals are equal and superior to many male professionals. – JZ, 30.7.13. - GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

FAILURES: If you're not failing now and again, it's a sign you're playing it safe.” - Woody Allen, quoted in READER'S DIGEST, 12/82.

FAILURES: It is hard to fail, but it is worse never to have tried to succeed.” - Theodore Roosevelt, governor of New York, speech before the Hamilton Club, Chicago, Illinois, April 10, 1899. - The Strenuous Life (vol. 13 of The Works of Theodore Roosevelt, national ed.), chapter 1, p. 320 (1926). - SUCCESS, TRY

FAILURES: Paradoxically as it may seem to some, it is just as necessary to the health of a dynamic economy that dying industries be allowed to die as that growing industries be allowed to grow. The first process is essential to the second. It is as foolish to try to preserve obsolescent industries as to try to preserve obsolescent methods of production: this is often, in fact, merely two ways of describing the same thing. Improved methods of production must constantly supplant obsolete methods, if both old needs and new wants are to be filled by better commodities and better means.” - Henry Hazlitt, quoted in Free Man's Almanac, Oct. 18. – Individuals should become free to exterritorially secede from all governments they consider to be failures and to begin to compete with them, together with other volunteers, under personal law systems. Thus they would not deprive any statist of any government that he or she still loves, merely leaving them to go on doing their own things – but without him and like-minded volunteers. – JZ, 19.11.10. - SUCCESS, SUBSIDIES, BANKRUPTCIES

FAILURES: Practical dreamers do not quit just because they fail a few times.” - From 1977 Collins Desk Calendar. - DREAMS, QUITTING, PERSISTENCE, SUCCESS

FAILURES: The great question is not whether you have failed, but whether you are content with failure.” - Dr. Laurence J. Peter. - CONTENTMENT AMBITION

FAILURES: The man who makes no mistakes does not usually make anything.” - Edward Phelps, Speech at Mansion House, 1899. - MISTAKES, ERRORS

FAILURES: The rewards of success can only be fully effective where the risks from failure are real. Success and failure must be two sides of an indivisible coin. And it is only when we toss this coin fairly, without precluding the chance it may come up tails, can we gain the knowledge to steer ourselves towards a better way of doing things. The game of life is, naturally, a trial and error process, and only by allowing ourselves to face our failings and to correct our bearings will we move progressively.” - Thomas W. Hazlett. – SUCCESS, PROFIT & LOSS, INCENTIVES, POSITIVE & NEGATIVE, FEEDBACK, EXPERIENCE, FACTS

FAILURES: The right to try and fail must be protected just as rigorously as the right to try and succeed.” - John W. Campbell, Jr., 8/58. - SUCCESS, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT

FAILURES: The surest road to failure - try to please everybody.” - Quoted by V. Orval Watts, in THE FREEMAN, 10/75. - The better way consists in letting everybody try to please themselves, at their own expense and risk, e.g. under full monetary freedom and under panarchism. - JZ, 16.6.00.

FAILURES: There can be no freedom without freedom to fail.” – Eric Hoffer (1902-1983), The Ordeal of Change, 1964, p.12. - MISTAKES, ERRORS, EXPERIMENTATION, FREEDOM OF ACTION, TOLERANCE FOR TOLERANT ACTIONS

FAILURES: To be free to succeed is to be free to fail.” - Tibor R. Machan, in the anthology: Outside Looking In, p.111. - SUCCESS

FAILURES: To keep one person from failure you must keep someone else from succeeding …” - Greg Rollins, Survival of the Fittest, ANALOG, 5/94. - That applies only to the coercive zero-sum games of territorial governments, not e.g. to voluntary insurance, credit, mutual aid and charity arrangements. - JZ, 17.5.94. – SUCCESS, TAXATION, SUBSIDIES

FAILURES: Today, says Hayakawa, laziness and ignorance are no longer penalized. And, he warns, "When there is no such thing as failure, there is no such thing as success, either." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.172. - EDUCATION, INCENTIVES

FAILURES: We learn wisdom from failure much more than from success; we often discover what will do, by finding out what will not do; and probably he who never made a mistake never made a discovery.” - Samuel Smiles. - quoted by L. E. Read, in NOTES FROM FEE, 7/77. - SUCCESS, MISTAKES, DISCOVERIES, WISDOM

FAILURES: We're not licked. We're just starting.” - Mark Clifton, When They Come From Space, p.144. – Failures may merely indicate that not sufficient free experiments were undertaken. – JZ, 10.3.13. - SUCCESS, PERSISTENCE, DETERMINATION, SET-BACKS

FAILURES: You are on the road to success when you realize that failure is merely a detour.” - W. G. P. - SUCCESS

FAIR FIELD: Allow no interference with creative activities, which is to say, permit anyone to do anything he chooses so long as it is peaceful. A fair field and no favor!” - Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.83. - How about using a phrase that implies the same virtues as "laissez faire": "A fair field and no favor"? Let them try to advance their socialism by advocating an unfair field and special favors to some at the expense of others! A fair field, with no favor, is a phrasing which nicely summarizes our position and has the added merit of putting the antagonists of freedom on the defensive.” - Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 11/74. - NO FAVOR, NO INTERFERENCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, LAISSEZ FAIRE, PRIVILEGES, MONOPOLIES, COMPETITION, VOLUNTARISM, A CHANCE FOR EVERYBODY

FAIR PLAY: the hallowed principle of fair play for all.” - Keith Laumer, Retief, story: The Castle of Light., e-books, free online. - FAIR PLAY FOR ALL, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM

FAIR PLAY: To give any fair play to the nature of each, it is essential that different persons should be allowed to lead different lives. In proportion as this latitude has been exercised in any age, has that age been noteworthy to posterity. Even despotism does not produce its worst effects, so long as individuality exists under it; and whatever crushes individuality is despotism, by whatever name it may be called, and whether it professes to be enforcing the will of God or the injunctions of men.” - John Stuart Mill, ON LIBERTY, 1859, in On Liberty, and Considerations on Representative Government, ed. R. B. McCallum, Oxford, Blackwell, 1946, pp. 49-51, 55-56. - DIFFERENCES, DESPOTISM, INDIVIDUALITY

FAIR SHARE: What is your ‘fair share’ of what someone else has worked for? – Thomas Sowell, quoted by Dennis Edwall shared Capitalism's photo. Just Thomas Sowell asking a question. - The Angel Clark Show – Facebook, 19.2.13. – Very well put. An alphabetized collection of all such thought-provoking questions would be helpful. - JZ, 19.2.13. – Q., REDISTRIBUTIONISM, EGALITARIANISM, TAXATION

FAIR TAX: Jim Tobin told the cheering throng that "you can never call a tax fair when you are forced to pay against your will." – Source? - Only voluntary taxation could be fair - to those who subscribed to it. - JZ, 16.6.00. - TAXATION, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, TAX REFORM,

FAIRNESS: And being fair doesn't mean an equal distribution of the prizes; it means the opportunity each person does have, unless he is interfered with, of doing his very best.” - Milton Friedman, quoted in: PROGRESS, 1/78 & AGE 16.8.77.

FAIRNESS: Businessmen who sing the glories of free enterprise and then demand "fair" competition are enemies, not friends of free markets. To them, "fair" competition is a euphemism for a price-fixing agreement.” - Milton Friedman, quoted in PROGRESS, 1/78 & AGE 16.8.77. - PRICE FIXING, COMPETITION

FAIRNESS: Charlemagne, for example, in his desire to be fair to his three sons, divided his empire among them - an act that gave rise to France, Germany, and Alsace-Lorraine, and eventually to two World Wars.” - John Gall, Systemantics, p.53/54. – PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, TERRITORIALISM IN A NUTSHELL

FAIRNESS: Expecting the world to treat you fairly because you're a good person is like expecting a bull to not charge you because you're a vegetarian.” - Anonymous. - Territorialism puts all of us into a bull-pen or fighting arena, rather than allowing us to separate our interests voluntarily, exterritorially, autonomously and tolerantly, ending the fears of being ruled by one's opponents. - JZ, 28.6.00. - TERRITORIALISM

FAIRNESS: Fair and impartial were one thing, admirable in themselves as far as that went. What was RIGHT was something altogether different.” - L. Neil Smith, Pallas, 188. - IMPARTIALITY & RIGHTS

FAIRNESS: For consumers, the more "unfair" the competition (*) the better. That assures lowest prices and highest quality.” - Milton Friedman, quoted in PROGRESS, 1/78 & AGE 16.8.77. – (*) Among the producers and distributors. Consumers do not welcome competition between themselves, either, for bargains offered. Sometimes, they would prefer being the only buyer. – JZ, 10.3.13, 31.7.13. - COMPETITION

FAIRNESS: If speech must be fair, then it cannot also be free; someone must decide what is fair. If the printed Press were subject to a comparable "fairness doctrine", it too would have to be controlled by a government bureau and our vaunted free Press would soon become a historical curiosity.” - Milton Friedman, quoted in PROGRESS, 1/78 & AGE 16.8.77. - FREE PRESS, FREE SPEECH

FAIRNESS: Instead of seeing that fairness is the opportunity to do your best as a person, most people began to think of fairness as an equal supply of dollars. Or an equal supply of land. Or an equal supply of food, clothing, or shelter.” - Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, 125. - FREEDOM & EGALITARIANISM

FAIRNESS: Justice is lastly fairness.” - Stewart. - Something that is even harder to define than justice should not be used to define justice. - JZ, 5.7.92. - JUSTICE

FAIRNESS: Since this is an era when many people are concerned about ‘fairness’ and ‘social justice’, what is your ‘fair share” of what someone else has worked for? – Thomas Sowell, quoted by Nizam Ahmad shared Michael Patterson's photo. - Facebook, 12.10.12. - SOCIAL JUSTICE & PROPERTY RIGHTS, Q.

FAIRNESS: So it is up to us to find words that lend themselves less to verbal chicanery, words that are not so vulnerable, words that make it possible for others to glean what we really mean. In this instance, what might it be? How about using a phrase that implies the same virtues as laissez faire: 'A fair field and no favor'? Let them try to advance their socialism by advocating an unfair field and special favors to some at the expense of others! A fair field, with no favor is a phrasing which nicely summarizes our position and has the added merit of putting the antagonists of freedom on the defensive. - Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 11/74. - They tried, all too successful and long ago, by advocating: "equal opportunities for all", and "equal education" or other equal starting points for all, implying e.g. the abolition of inherited wealth. They tried it with their racial quota systems and anti-discrimination laws, regardless of the artificial unfairness and inequality they did thus introduce. They tried it with all kinds of laws in favor of equal rights and opportunities for women and with their confused and coercive measures have really messed things up. - JZ, 2.2.02. – FAIR FIELD & NO FAVOR, EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT, LAISSEZ FAIRE, FREEDOM, FREE MARKET, ANTI-MONOPOLISM, ECONOMIC FREEDOM, FREE ENTERPRISE CAPITALISM, LIBERTARIANISM, ANARCHISM, MUTUALISM, PANARCHISM, FREE COMPETITION, PROPERTARIANISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY

FAIRNESS: There is a real role for fairness, but that role is in constructing general rules and adjudicating disputes about the rules, not in determining the outcome of our separate activities.” - Milton Friedman, quoted in: PROGRESS, 1/78, from AGE, 16.8.77.

FAIRNESS: Try phrasing the calamity and its alternative this way: Which would you prefer POLICE POWER OMNIPOTENT or A FAIR FIELD AND NO FAVOR? - From an invitation to join FEE in finding words for common sense. - Alas, Read and his successors merely became collectors of pro-freedom sayings themselves, instead of inviting all their numerous readers to become lasting contributors of all suitable SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY, etc. that they could find, towards a comprehensive encyclopedia of the best pro-freedom remarks. - JZ, 16.6.00. VS. OMNIPOTENCE

FAIRNESS: We may say something like, “People have a right to food, a right to housing, and a right to a good job for decent pay.” But from an economist’s perspective, all those rights involve making finite goods meet infinite wants. Unless the fair society generates tremendous economic growth – which societies that put fairness first have trouble doing – the goods will come from redistribution. Try rephrasing the rights statement thus: “People have a right to my food, a right to my housing, and a right to my good job for my decent pay.” - P. J. O’Rourke, Eat the Rich, A Treatise on Economics, Picador, 1998, p.240. - WHAT IS REALLY FAIR? RIGHTS OF THE WELFARE STATE

FAIRNESS: What is true for free speech - where the conflict is perhaps clearest - is equally true for every other area. To a producer or seller, a "fair" price is a high price. To the buyer or consumer, a "fair" price is a low price.” - Milton Friedman, quoted in PROGRESS, 1/78 & AGE 16.8.77. - FREE SPEECH & PRICES

FAIRNESS: When "fairness" replaces "freedom", all our liberties are in danger. In "Walden" Thoreau says: If I knew for a certainty that a man was coming to my house with the conscious design of doing me good, I should run for my life." - That is the way I feel when I hear my "servants" in Washington assuring me of the "fairness" of their edicts.” - Milton Friedman, quoted in: PROGRESS, 1/78 & AGE 16.8.77.

FAIRNESS: Would it be quite unfair if all of us became finally free to try out, for ourselves, those panarchies that we do like, at our own risk and expense? – JZ, 19.11.10. – Q.

FAIRNESS: Yet fairness in most moral systems is but a subordinate virtue (so that one can be a thief but perfectly fair by stealing from all the available rich with equal enthusiasm).” - Tibor Machan, Liberty & Culture, 222. – An equal tax upon all is still a wrongfully imposed tribute system upon all. – JZ, 10.3.13.

FAIRY TALES: Do the fairy tales of childhood and religion condition us to uncritically accept those of politicians and economists as well? - JZ, 29.11.92 & 22.6.00. - FANTASIES, MYTHS, PREJUDICES, Q.

FAITH IN FREEDOM: A decline in faith in free men and what they can accomplish results in a rising faith in disastrous authoritarianism.” - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.81. - That decline is not surprising when one ponders how few free men, how few liberties and free actions one can still find in one's experience, outside the private spheres. So many significant actions have been preempted by governments that we find ourselves in national territorial prisons or even perpetual kindergartens. After about 10 years of imprisonment institutionalization and personal incapacitation sets in and is often hard to impossible to reverse. - JZ, 17.6.00. – The average future panarchy might be described as a half-way house for former prisoners of the territorial State towards full freedom. Always only as much of it as individuals are able to accept and use productively and creatively – could then be realized, among them, immediately. – JZ, 19.11.10, 13.3.13. - IN FREE MEN VS. AUTHORITARIANISM, FREEDOM VS. TERRITORIALISM

FAITH IN FREEDOM: Even with a fraction of the total freedom vision - freedom does become already largely practicable. (*) Only when there is too much confusion on its potential does its realization appear difficult to impossible. - JZ, 23.1.76 & 24.6.00. – Recognition of individual sovereignty leads to taking the first step, individual secessionism, of a long journey, with other volunteers, and like-minded and self-selected ones, ultimately, perhaps, one of a thousand miles or even light years. Some may rest in-between, while others will rush ahead as fast as they can. – JZ, 19.11.10. – (*) When there exists the general freedom for volunteers to experiment, even in all those spheres now monopolized by territorial governments. – JZ, 1.3.13. – At least all those, who can envision full freedom, will already be able to realize it among themselves. However, we must expect that new liberties and rights will still become discovered. – JZ, 10.3.13. - KNOWLEDGE OF FREEDOM

FAITH IN FREEDOM: Faith in freedom will allow it to burst forth and overcome the darkness of socialism.” - Leonard E. Read, Comes the Dawn. – The overcoming should be left to the State Socialists themselves, after the freedom, peace and justice lovers have opted out from under them and left them to their own “plans”, at their risk and expense. The secessionists will begin to do their own things, in accordance with their own ideals of freedom and rights, confident that, once they are obviously successful, more and more of those disappointed with statism of any kind will sooner or later follow them. – JZ, 19.11.10.

FAITH IN FREEDOM: Faith in freedom, i.e., confidence in and dependence upon individual choice.” - Robert G. Bearce, THE FREEMAN, 10/72.

FAITH IN FREEDOM: If we lack this spiritual faith, our rights to life and liberty are placed on the altar of collective caprice and they must suffer whatever fate the political apparatus dictates. The record clearly shows what this fate is. Russia is the most degraded example, but practically every other nation, including our own, drifts in Russia's direction.” - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.31. - Religious dissenters and nonconformists did formerly strive for exterritorial autonomy for their believers. Modern libertarians and anarchists, as a rule, do not, but still subscribe instead to the inherent totalitarianism of territorialism. Is it the only thing that we can learn from history that most people are unable or unwilling to learn from history? - JZ, 17.6.00. VS. POLITICS, COLLECTIVISM, STATISM, ETATISM, TERRITORIALISM

FAITH IN FREEDOM: the decline of the West was due to Western man's loss of faith in himself.” - Edmund A. Opitz, THE FREEMAN, 11/72. - On the other hand, one might say that it was due to too great a faith in himself as a social engineer, remaking society into a supposedly better model by whatever panacea or utopia he believed in. Combine this with territorialism and you get all the evils and mistakes of statism, totalitarianism and fanaticism. - JZ, 17.6.00. – Utopism is O.K., on the basis of voluntarism, free enterprise and exterritorial autonomy. Then the good schemes will, sooner or later, drive out the inferior ones – but only through individual free and sovereign choices. – JZ, 19.11.10. - THE DECLINE OF THE WEST

FAITH IN FREEDOM: The following chapters will attempt to remove some of the doubts and contribute to a faith that freedom should be the rule. - My own faith cannot be shaken, even though I fail adequately to make the case for this philosophy. Freedom, like righteousness or wisdom, must never be faulted because of my shortcomings. Or anyone else's. If I cannot articulate the merits of freedom, the fault is in my understanding and explanation, not in freedom as a way of life.” - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, XV. - This is almost like: "God is perfect, although I cannot understand and explain him!" - JZ, 7.11.76. - Is there ANY experience which does not confirm that faith in freedom? Do we pray to the "God" of freedom in vain? Does freedom ever fail us as a tool, a machine, a process? - JZ, 17.6.00. - Let each follow his own faith into self-responsible, voluntary and tolerant actions in the own sphere, thus leaving all others free to do the same thing, in accordance with their ideals, among themselves. Exterritorial autonomy or personal law provides that option. – JZ, 19.11.10. - HUMAN IMPERFECTIONS, FREEDOM OF ACTION & XPERIMENTATIONM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

FAITH IN FREEDOM: We need a counter-faith in the inevitable triumph of freedom.” - Donald M. Dozer, 1/73. - What we need much more are practical programs on how to achieve FIOT or PIOT. - JZ, 17.6.00. – VS. STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICAL POWER, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS

FAITH IN LIBERTY: faith is a necessary condition of praise.” - Theodor H. Gaster, Passover, p.50. - Libertarians who don't have sufficient faith in liberty, can't praise it sufficiently. - JZ, 9/78.

FAITH IN LIBERTY: Have faith in liberty - or liberty cannot have any faith in you. - JZ, 25.9.73. - Have faith in liberty or free thinking and acting men will not have any faith in you. - JZ, 24.6.00.

FAITH IN LIBERTY: There is another flaw at the heart of British society that is less tangible, but just as decisive. It is the decline of what Walter Lippmann used to call the "public philosophy", the set of shared beliefs about the nature and goals of society that makes liberal democracy possible. There has been a loss of faith in the values of a free society or, where faith persists, an unreadiness on the part of communicators, educators and non-Socialist politicians to defend those values where they are most at risk. Instead of drawing up the battle-lines in the face of the continued advance of Socialist collectivism, nominal Conservatives have signed treaties with it on the invader's terms.” - Robert Moss, in: Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, 1985, p. 108. – The opinion-makers have become territorial statists, too and thus should be considered as the primary targets for enlightenment efforts. – JZ, 10.3.13.

FAITH IN LIBERTY: You are all a lot of doubting Thomases. Vic here has faith instead, not only in God but also in liberty - as one of the greatest gifts of God. - JZ, 4/76. (Vic Thomas was a Christian, also a local member of the libertarian Workers Party, later Progress Party, of Australia. We barely scratched the minimum number of 10 members together, with my youngest son, then still a minor, required for a local branch. The "quality" of these members was indicated by their response when I suggested some libertarian reading to them: You do our reading for us! - They had too much faith and not enough knowledge or desire to acquire it. - JZ, 17.6.00.)

FAITH IN MAN: we have no freedom because we have no faith in our common humanity.” - Herbert Read, Anarchy & Order, p.73. & FREEDOM

FAITH VS. REASON: The way to see by faith is to shut the eye of reason. - Benjamin Franklin - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

FAITH, BELIEF, RELIGIONS: Faith: Belief without evidence in what is told by one who speaks without knowledge, of things without parallel. - Ambrose Bierce - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

FAITH: A casual stroll through the lunatic asylum shows that faith does not prove anything.” - Friedrich Nietzsche - BELIEF & MADMEN

FAITH: A faith that cannot survive collision with the truth is not worth many regrets.” - Arthur C. Clarke. – TRUTH, RELIGIONS, IDEOLOGIES, BELIEFS

FAITH: A man without faith is like a fish without a bicycle.” - THE DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP, 3.

FAITH: As the flower is before the fruit, so is faith before good works.” - Richard Whately, in: Free Man's Almanac, Oct. 24. – “Good works”, charity, benevolence or do-gooding do and can never produce as much in wanted and needed goods and services as free enterprise and free exchange do provide. – JZ, 10.3.13. – CHARITY, BENEVOLENCE, DO-GOODING, WELFARE STATE

FAITH: Belief without evidence in what is told by a preacher without knowledge.” - Source? – RELIGION, PREACHERS

FAITH: Belief without evidence in what is told by one who speaks without knowledge, of things without parallel.” - Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary, 1906. - BELIEF, RELIGIOUS

FAITH: Between faiths in God, Government, Power, Fate, Custom, Tradition, Law, State, and a multitude of errors, myths and prejudices, what chances do Reason, Morality, Rights, Liberty and Self-Responsibility have left? - JZ, 17.5.92. - This ignores that many have the former (a faith in a God), all too many still only a faith in Government, Power, Fate, Custom, Tradition and Law, and quite a few a mixture of all or most. Under panarchism all could get their preferences (well, at least worship of the Unknown) - at their own risk and expense. - JZ, n.d. & 24.6.00, 19.11.10.

FAITH: Despotism may govern without faith, but Liberty cannot.” - Tocqueville, quoted by Leonard E. Read in Who's Listening? p.118. Also quoted by Read in: Castles in the Air, p.166. – Even liberty should “govern” only over volunteers, in accordance with their notions of liberties and rights. – Facts, experience, natural laws and knowledge of them, leading to firm convictions, is a much better foundation for liberty than mere faith. However, the faith in freedom should also go beyond one’s own experience. It is always the best “horse” that we should be betting on. – In any case of doubt bet on freedom rather than on despotism. – Even the most powerful despot is just one man. Naked, in most cases, he would rather look ridiculous. - JZ, 19.11.10. - DESPOTISM & LIBERTY, VOLUNTARISM, ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM

FAITH: Entrenched belief is never altered by the facts.” - Dick Francis. – “Never” puts it too strongly. “Rarely” or “slowly” comes closer to historical experience under territorialism. We do not know as yet how fast unfounded beliefs and convictions would fade away under full experimental freedom for volunteers in all spheres. – JZ, 10.3.13. - FACTS, BELIEFS, CONVICTIONS, CREEDS, RELIGIONS, TRUE BELIEVERS, FUNDAMENTALISTS, FANATICS, FACTS

FAITH: Epochs of faith are epochs of fruitfulness; but epochs of unbelief, however glittering, are barren of all permanent good.” - Goethe. - Yes, for many worthy faiths. But not all faiths are equally worthy. Some are merely "glittering" but "barren of all permanent good" and one is better off without them. - JZ, 27.6.89. – Not to speak of all those faiths which have almost exclusively, only negative effects. – JZ, 10.3.13.

FAITH: Faith declares what the senses do not see, but not the contrary of what they see.” - Blaise Pascal, 1623-1662. - A. Andrews Quotations, p.164. – Or what they imagine to see, to exist or to understand. – JZ, 10.3.13. - SENSES, REASON

FAITH: Faith for all of Life", - says CHALCEDON REPORT, June 01, in the sub-title. That is, precisely, its major trouble. Typically, in the same issue, it attacks the mythology of science - but not its own. - JZ, 13.6.01. – What good does faith in the existence of e.g. all the insect pests and of all the disease-causing microorganism do us? The only good that I can see is that it certainly subtracts from the faith in a benevolent deity! – JZ, 11.12.08. - CHRISTIANITY, LIFE

FAITH: Faith has its weaknesses, but faithlessness is the poorest substitute.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. – As of reason, sound principles, ethics, individual rights and liberties, science, ascertained facts, logic and practical experience, sufficiently understood, were not excellent substitutes in most cases of mere faith. – JZ, 10.3.13. - FAITHLESSNESS

FAITH: Faith in a holy cause is to a considerable extent a substitute for the lost faith in ourselves.” - Eric Hoffer, The True Believer, 1951. - Start believing in yourself amd your abilities - and train them. - JZ, 9.6.92. - LACK OF SELF-CONFIDENCE, FAITH IN MAN, IN FREEDOM, RIGHTS

FAITH: Faith is believing what you know ain't so.” - Quoted by Mark Twain, Following the Equator, 1897, I, 12. - DOUBT

FAITH: faith is for the congregation … it handicaps a priest.” - Robert Heinlein, Time Enough for Love, p.108. – PRIESTS, PREACHERS

FAITH: Faith is spiritualized imagination.” - Henry Ward Beecher, Presbyterian minister (1813-1887) – Mostly of the quite useless, merely ritualistic or even of the worst kind, which prevents free, rational, rightful and self-responsible actions. – JZ, 8.8.08, 10.3.13.

FAITH: Faith may be defined briefly as an illogical belief in the occurrence of the improbable ... A man full of faith is simply one who has lost (or never had) the capacity for clear and realistic thought. He is not a mere ass: he is actually ill.” - H. L. Mencken.Prejudices, Third Series, 1922, p.14.

FAITH: Faith may not have the power to remove mountains, as we are told, but it certainly can remove common sense and common decency.” - Robert Anton Wilson, The Earth Will Shake, p.237. – BELIEFTS, IDEOLOGIES

FAITH: Faith means to believe what others tell you to believe, because you want to. To that extent it is as unreasonable as possible. - JZ, 26.4.98. - Such people have to become much more unfaithful before they can be recognized as reasonable beings. - JZ, 13.6.00.

FAITH: Faith strikes me as intellectual laziness but Mike's faith in his "Old Ones" is no more irrational than a conviction that the dynamics of the universe can be set aside through prayers for rain.” - Robert Heinlein, Stranger in a Strange Land, p.173.

FAITH: Faith will not waver where reason is its foundation.” - Dagobert D. R. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p.43, also in his A Dictionary of Thought. & REASON

FAITH: Faith, even when profound, is never complete.” - Jean-Paul Satre, Words, 1964. – It is even endlessly incomplete as long as sound reason, principles and ascertained facts are missing in it. – JZ, 10.3.13.

FAITH: Faith, fanatic faith, once wedded fast / To some dear falsehood, hugs it to the last.” - Thomas Moore, The Veiled Prophet of Khorassan, Lalla Roogh, 1817. – TRUE BELIEVERS, FUNDAMENTALISTS, FANATICS

FAITH: For all your relations with dissenters you have to renounce your faith and exclusive adherence to one book, one prophet, one leader, one guru, one dogma, one god, and have to recognize the existence of a multitude of them and the fact that most others have made quite different choices among them. Faith, dogmas and rituals are something for private practice only, among volunteers. - The opposite means religious wars, for which we have still too many practical examples - all without any moral justification on either side. - JZ, 14.11.97 & 14.6.00. - RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE, NONCONFORMISTS, DISSENTERS, INTOLERANCE, VARIETY, DIVERSITY, RELIGIOUS WARS, TERRITORIALISM, FUNDAMENTALISM, FANATICISM, DOGMATISM

FAITH: Gilbert Chesterton once remarked: "It is not that Christianity has been tried and found wanting; it is that it has been tried and found difficult and abandoned." So it is with those who try freedom; they find that it requires responsibility for self. And in consequence of that discovery, belief and faith in freedom is all but abandoned in America today! I emphasize "belief and faith." Were the practice of freedom totally abandoned, all would perish. Freedom is still practiced to a marked extent despite all the barriers, but must wane and disappear eventually without a belief and faith to sustain it.” - Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.69. - BELIEF IN FREEDOM

FAITH: I cannot surrender my intellect without murdering my integrity.” - Frank Yerby, The Old Gods Laugh, p326. - BELIEF, CHRISTIANITY, RELIGION, INTELLECT, INTEGRITY

FAITH: I do not believe in the creed professed by the Jewish Church, by the Roman Church, by the Greek Church, by the Turkish Church, by the Protestant Church, nor by any church that I know of. My own mind is my own church.” - Thomas Paine. - CHURCH, RELIGION, MIND, FREETHINKERS, RATIONALISTS, HUMANISTS, ATHEISTS

FAITH: I have faith in reason but no reason to have faith in faith. - JZ, 24.6.91. - REASON

FAITH: I have faith that faith can be done away with.” - Steve Witham, THE CONNECTION 126. – But it needs better and more comprehensive preparations for this kind of enlightenment than were so far made. – JZ. 10.3.13.

FAITH: I lost my faith, not my reason.” - Quoted by J. J. Martin, as the remark of a former Roman Catholic, who was asked which Protestant church he was now going to join. - REASON

FAITH: I respect faith, but doubt is what gets you an education.” - Source?

FAITH: If faith is strong then it can move mountains but if it is also blind then it buries the best under them.” - Karl Heinrich Waggerl. - (Wenn der Glaube stark ist, kann er Berge versetzen. Aber ist er auch noch blind, dann begraebt er das Beste darunter.)

FAITH: If you believe you can, you're right. If you believe you can't, you're right.” - Viv Forbes, PROGRESS PARTY NEWSLETTER, 1980. - BELIEF, SELF-CONFIDENCE, CAN, ABILITY

FAITH: If you think you can win, you can win. Faith is necessary to victory.” - William Hazlitt, On Great and Little Things, Literary Remains, 1836. - WINNING, VICTORY, CONFIDENCE, SELF-RELIANCE

FAITH: If your faith is opposed to experience, to human learning and investigation, it is not worth the breath used in giving it expression.” - Edgar Watson How, Ventures in Common Sense, 1919, 3, 7.

FAITH: Implicit faith belongs to fools; and truth is comprehended by examining principles.” - Algernon Sydney. - TRUTH & PRINCIPLES

FAITH: In actual life every great enterprise begins with and takes its first forward step in faith.” - August Wilhelm von Schlegel, quoted in: Free Man's Almanac, Nov. 18. - ENTERPRISE

FAITH: in matters of faith, inconvenient evidence is always suppressed while contradictions go unnoticed.” - Gore Vidal - BLINDNESS OR INTOLERANCE, DOGMATISM

FAITH: In this world called Earth of disintegrating faiths, one didn't call personal ethical codes in question without getting into trouble. Such codes, where they could be found at all, obviously had cost their adherents too much pain to be open for any new probing. Faith had once been self-evident; now it was desperate.” - James Blish, They Shall Have Stars, p.97. - ETHICAL CODES

FAITH: It has been said that faith can move mountains, but no one has seen it done, save by the faith that man has in himself, in the steam shovels and the dynamite he has invented in the face of a hostile Nature.” - Louis Bromfield, The Strange Case of Miss Annie Spragg, 1928.

FAITH: It is always right that a man should be able to render a reason for the faith that is within him.” - Sydney Smith. - REASON

FAITH: It's better to know nothing than to know what ain't so.” - Josh Billings.

FAITH: Many atheists seem to be unaware that their combined beliefs embrace faiths that are just as intolerant as the religious ones once were, especially their territorial, totalitarian, communist and State-socialist dogmas. - JZ, 5.12.94 & 13.6.00. - ATHEISM

FAITH: Men are most apt to believe what they least understand.” – Montaigne – If any God existed, I could not possibly worship him or her – if he or she demanded or expected to be worshipped! – JZ, 11.12.08. - BELIEF, RELIGION, WORSHIP OF GODS

FAITH: Most faiths damage the brain. - JZ, 17.5.92. - Should there be in inscription on every Holy Writ and over every church entrance: Warning: The use of this device may damage your mental health!? - JZ, 24.6.00. – BIBLE, HOLY BOOKS, KORAN, Q.

FAITH: Oh, you of too little faith in liberty and of too much faith in the State! - JZ, 1.1.99. - LIBERTY & STATISM

FAITH: One man's folly is the other man's faith.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. - FOLLY

FAITH: One person with a belief is equal to a force of 99 who only have interests.” - John Stuart Mill, quoted in READER'S DIGEST, 10/75. - I think that he underestimated here e.g. the influence of vested interests, the pocket book appeal and that of a serious, rational and abiding interest in all aspects of liberty as opposed to an omnivorous interest in anything, for everything in information and diversions that is attainable, with freedom a low priority. Just look at the range of interests represented in most bookshops and libraries, where pro-freedom titles are rare exceptions. - JZ, 17.6.00. - INTEREST

FAITH: People everywhere enjoy believing things that they know are not true. It spares them the ordeal of thinking for themselves and taking responsibility for what they know.” - Brooks Atkinson, Once Around the Sun, 1951. - CREDULITY, BELIEF

FAITH: Say what you will about the sweet miracle of unquestioning faith, I consider a capacity for it terrifying and absolutely vile!” - Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.

FAITH: The believing mind is externally impervious to evidence. The most that can be accomplished with it is to induce it to substitute one delusion for another. It rejects all overt evidence as wicked...” - H. L. Mencken. - BELIEF, RELIGION, SIN

FAITH: The core of our defense is the faith we have in the institutions we defend.” - Franklin D. Roosevelt, speech, Dayton, Ohio, Oct. 12, 1940. - He was rather infamous for attacking the remaining freedom principles and institutions or undermining them and for provoking the attack on Pearl Harbor - and for letting it succeed, in spite of numerous warnings. Those killed or wounded then and there - and later, in the war in the Pacific, have no reason to be grateful to him. Free Trade between Japan and the U.S., introduced years before, could have prevented this war. Only war materials should have been excluded from the exchanges, in order not to promote other wars of Japan, e.g. that against China. - JZ, 24.6.00.

FAITH: The faith that stands on authority is not faith.” - Friedrich Nietzsche, 1844-1909. - A. Andrews Quotations, p.165. - AUTHORITY

FAITH: The greatest enemy of democracy, the most violent reactionaries, are those who have lost faith in the capacity of a free people to manage their own affairs and wish to set up the government as a political and social guardian, running their business and making their decisions for them. This is statism, or Stalinism, no matter who advocates it, and it's plain treason to freedom.” - Maxwell Anderson. - STATISM

FAITH: The magic of believing. Believers prevail where doubters fail.” - Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, XII. - But doubt combined with scientific curiosity, industry and persistence can carry much farther than mere beliefs can. - JZ, 17.6.00. - BELIEF, DOUBT

FAITH: The way to see by Faith is to shut the eye of Reason.” - Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard, 1758. - Quoted in adv. email 11.7.04 – REASON, BELIEF, RELIGION

FAITH: There is no philosopher in the world so great but that he believes a million things on the faith of other people and accepts a great many more truths than he demonstrates.” - Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America. - Seldes. - PROOF, AUTHORITY, TRUTH

FAITH: They expect God to come down and push 'em around in a wheel chair. - Lawrence O'Donnell, Fury, ASTOUNDING SF, June 1947, p. 142. - RELIGION, GOD, BELIEF, PASSIVITY,

FAITH: Trust thyself - some others do. Fetters bind those who will not trust themselves; have faith in free men.” - Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, summary of chapter 20. - FAITH IN FREE MEN, FETTERS, TRUST, SELF-CONFIDENCE

FAITH: We believe in everything, but don't believe in ourselves.” - Alexander Herzen, From the Other Shore, 1850, in Arblaster/Lukes: The Great Society, p.166. - BELIEF, SELF-CONFIDENCE, MAN, STATISM, FREEDOM

FAITH: We do not like our faiths to be touched, shaken and undermined. Faiths that are thought to be scientific are especially hard to demolish, even by contrary facts. - JZ, 6.9.95. - FACTS, IDEAS, REALITY, BELIEFS, CONVICTIONS, KNOWLEDGE, IDEAS, REASON, DOUBTS, SELF-RESPECT, PRIDE, CERTAINTY

FAITH: What a dirty monosyllable …” - Robert Heinlein, Stranger in a Strange Land, p.285. - One should distinguish between e.g. faith in the State, God, Law, Order, Discipline etc. and faith in liberty and individual rights. - JZ, 21.7.92.

FAITH: What is it the New Testament teaches us? To believe that the Almighty committed debauchery with a woman engaged to be married; and the belief of this debauchery is called faith.” - Thomas Paine: The Age of Reason, III, 1794. - BIBLE, CHRISTIANITY, RELIGION, IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, VIRGIN BIRTH, GOD, CHRIST, MARIA, JOKES

FAITH: What we believe to be scientifically proven need not be so to determine our actions. We are driven by spooks in our heads rather than reality - in all too many cases. - JZ, 6.9.95. - SCIENCE, PROOF, IDEAS, OPINIONS, IDEOLOGIES

FAITH: When once a man is determined to believe, the very absurdity of the doctrine does but confirm him in his faith.” - Junius, 1770. - A. Andrews Quotations, 98. - BELIEFS, TRUE BELIEVERS, FANATICISM

FAITH: When we examine the uncertain and confused history of those who have defended such causes during the past 200 years, with all the wrong turnings and failures in the Western world's struggle for freedom, the importance of Frederic Bastiat's simple testimony of faith in free men takes on new importance. - If "liberalism" can become so totally corrupted, if "conservatism" can sometimes become a mask for political adventurism, if "libertarianism" can occasionally be converted into an appeal for license in place of freedom, how vastly important it becomes to make Bastiat's central idea a new rallying point for the mid-twentieth century: FAITH IN FREE MEN.” - G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, a Man Alone, p.216. - FAITH IN FREE MEN

FAITH: Whenever we read the obscene stories, the voluptuous debaucheries, the cruel and torturous executions, the unrelenting vindictiveness, with which more than half the Bible is filled, it would be more consistent that we call it the word of a demon than the Word of God. It is a history of wickedness that has served to corrupt and brutalize mankind.” - Thomas Paine. - BIBLE, SCRIPTURES, HOLY WRITS, RELIGION

FAITH: Where faith prevailed logic died.” - Jefferson. - LOGIC

FAITH: Where there is the necessary technical skill to move mountains there is no need for the faith that moves mountains.” - Eric Hoffer, The Passionate State of Mind, 1954.

FAITH: Whoever knows nothing has to believe everything.” - Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach. - (Wer nichts weiss, muss alles glauben.) - KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE

FALLING APART OR INTO PLACE? Sometimes, when things fall apart, they are actually falling into place. - Michael AtlasMovie Brown - Wall Photos - sometimes when things fall apart, they are actually falling into place - The intention is to awaken, enlighten, enrich and inspire - by: Buddhist Boot Camp - .cc Chiara Di Benedetto Brown and Jeanna Carver Hand – Facebook, 29.4.12. I would rather say: Let people secede individually and in groups and let them to their own things under full exterritorial autonomy. Then they would be free to sort out their problems and solve them themselves. – JZ, 29.4.12. – FRAGMENTATION, CHAOS, FREEDOM

FALSE TEACHINGS: A false teaching cannot be refuted, for it rests upon the conviction that the false would be true. But the contrary can, may and must be expressed.” - Goethe, “Sprueche in Prosa”, JZ tr. of: “Eine falsche Lehre laesst sich nicht widerlegen; denn sie ruht auf der Ueberzeugung, dass das Falsche wahr sei. Aber das Gegenteil kann, darf und muss man wiederholt aussprechen.“ - DOGMAS, TRUE BELIEVERS, FANATICS, FUNDAMENTALISTS, ENCYLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS, PREJUDICES

FAME: Fame has no present; popularity no future.” - Anonymous, in Andrews Quotes, 392. - POPULARITY

FAME: Fame is no sure test of merit.” - Carlyle, quoted by Leonard E. Read, Who's Listening? p.56. - E.g., libertarianism and individualist anarchism are hardly famous today, except among their believers. - JZ, 17.6.00. - MERIT, POPULARITY, SUCCESS

FAME: The deepest principle in human nature is the craving to be appreciated." - William James, the famous psychologist. - POWER, LEADERSHIP, INFLUENCE, AMBITION, RECOGNITION, APPRECIATION BY OTHERS

FAMILY: blaming the State (to no avail) for maintaining a constricting family atmosphere beyond the "natural" (genetic-psychological) age of economic independence of about 10. No wonder teenagers develop hatred in the prison of the family unit. Any other adult would feel the same way. (This is an extremely speculative diatribe and is being made without a great deal of conviction.)” - Albert the Unknown, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 8.11.75, p.29.

FAMILY: Every rational being has the right freely to associate with one or several rational persons of the other sex, under optional conditions, permanently or only for a certain time, in a matrimonial community. Each may leave the group any time, on his own free will. - Every rational being has the right to father or mother an optional number of children but is obliged to support them to the best of its ability. - From the Human Rights Draft in PEACE PLANS 4 & 61-63, point 14, later also in the anthology of private human rights drafts, in PP589/590. - MARRIAGES, DIVORCE, CHILDREN

FAMILY: Family relationships become often unmanageable over distance and time - or unbearable in too close and permanent proximity. - JZ, 31.12.92. - There must be sufficient recognition of individuality, independence and privacy and different individual choices in these relationships as well, otherwise they become self-destructive. - What was said by someone about friendship applies here to some extent, too: "Even the best friend should live together separated by a wall." - Ideally each family member should have at least one private room and some independent income or earnings, some different friends and associates, some different hobbies and commitments. Differences of opinion should be tolerated rather than shut up. How libertarian are most libertarians in this sphere? - JZ, 23.6.00. - RELATIONSHIPS, VOLUNTARISM, BLOOD RELATIONSHIPS

FAMILY: It is said that the family is the source of most psychological problems. I disagree but even if accurate, it is irrelevant. Families also produce most genius, most average, most everything for almost everyone comes out of a family. There are good families and bad. The point is that a family held together by affection is a hell of a lot better than a society held together by fear and military might. …” Fritz Knese, THE CONNECTION 110, p.59, 6 March 83.

FAMILY: It's better to come from a broken home than to live in one.” - From film: Airport.

FAMILY: Javel offered him hospitality, but Proudhon refused, saying: "You have a wife and children, you need your freedom, and I need mine. Help me to find a house where I can have a room of my own, where my meals can be served when I need them, without interrupting my reading. That is all I ask." - George Woodcock, Proudhon, p.22. - HOME AS CASTLE, HOSPITALITY, GUESTS, HOSTS

FAMILY: The biggest expense of every family is taxation.” - Bob Howard, - 30.6.75. - TAXATION

FAMINES: A famine has never arisen from any other cause but the violence of government attempting, by improper means, to remedy the inconvenience of a dearth.” - Adam Smith, quoted by Edward Coleson, THE FREEMAN, 10/72. - One should add now: After the establishment of modern transport facilities. - JZ, 5/73. - Confiscation by civil war forces of remaining food stocks and even seed corn and of aid sent from abroad could hardly be termed as attempts to "remedy" shortages, except those of the requisitioning forces. - JZ, 17.6.00. - GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION

FAMINES: Clearly the degree of economic freedom has a direct relationship with how well that country is or is not fed.” - Vincent H. Miller, OPTION, 2/77. - ECONOMIC FREEDOM

FAMINES: God doesn't make famines, governments do.” - Thomas Keneally, Towards Asmara, p.40. - Governments can and do, but they cannot cause the famines due to natural catastrophes. - JZ, 25.1.02. – Famines due to natural catastrophes can also be better overcome by free private trade, insurance, credit and investment options and by free migration than by any private or governmental foreign aid efforts. – JZ, 10.3.13, 31.7.13. - GOD & GOVERNMENT

FAMINES: The specter of world famine, as with so many of the crises facing 20th century man, is by and large a political phenomenon.” - Vincent H. Miller, OPTION, 2/77. - POLITICS

FANATICISM: A fanatic is one who can't change his mind and won't change the subject.” - Winston Churchill, attributed by John Bartlett, Familiar Quotations. - The fanatic is a man who cannot change his opinion and will not change his topic.” - Churchill, retranslated from a German version.

FANATICISM: A person who is willing to die for his cause thinks nothing of killing YOU for his cause.” - Ben Bova & A. J. Austin, He Who Must Die, quoted in ANALOG, Jan. 92, 58.

FANATICISM: a religious fanatic, who is willing to die for his faith, is just as willing to let you die for his faith.” - Ascribed to G. B. Shaw by Ben Bova, The Winds of Altair, p.127.

FANATICISM: Death to all fanatics! - Hassan I Sabbah, - motto in Robert Anton Wilson, Schroedinger's Cat II, p.135. – Rather: Let them do their own things – but only to themselves! – JZ, 13.3.13.

FANATICISM: Everything has two sides. Fanatics see only the one.” - Hellmut Walters. - Everything has at least two sides! Sometimes many more! - JZ, 6.7.92. – E.g.: A cut diamond. – JZ.

FANATICISM: Fanatic: The Strength of his conviction corresponds to the depth of his error.” - Ron Kritzfeld.

FANATICISM: Fanaticism and blindness always went hand in hand; they were ultimately different faces of the same spurious coin.” - Stephen L. Burns, Angel, ANALOG, Jan. 1990, p.33. - BLINDNESS

FANATICISM: Fanaticism consists in doubling the efforts once the aim has been forgotten.” - Santayana. – Another version: “Fanaticism consists in redoubling your effort when you have forgotten your aim.” - George Santayana, The Life of Reason, Reason in Common Sense, 1906, Vol. I.  Fanaticism consists in redoubling your efforts when you have forgotten your aim. - George Santayana - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – Later quoted by Eisenhower. - Another version: “Santayana described a fanatic as someone who redoubles his efforts after he has forgotten his aim.” - Source?

FANATICISM: Fanaticism is an evil, but it is not the greatest of evils. It is good that a people should be roused by any means from a state of utter torpor; that their minds should be diverted from objects merely sensual to meditations, however erroneous, on the mysteries of the moral and intellectual world; and from interests which are immediately selfish to those which relate to the past, the future, and the remote.” - T. B. Macaulay, Dante, 1824. (KNIGHT'S QUARTERLY MAGAZINE, Jan.) - This presumes that fanaticism is the best means to rouse them, better e.g. than full individual choice and the practical examples set by it. - JZ, 12.7.86. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE

FANATICISM: Fanaticism is the internalization of sentences to which we are so attached that we have made them immune to criticism, not only by others, but by ourselves, as well.” - Neil Postman, Crazy Talk, Stupid Talk, p.104/5. - DOGMATISM

FANATICISM: Fanaticism is the only kind of strength of will to which even the weak can be brought.” - Nietzsche. - (Der Fanatismus ist die einzige "Willensstaerke", zu der auch die Schwachen gebracht werden koennen.)

FANATICISM: Fanaticism is the very thing to be opposed under any name.” - Poul Anderson, in comment to SF story: The Last of the Deliverers. - Compare: "You can't be tolerant towards the intolerant!" - TOLERANCE

FANATICISM: Fanatics are ready to kill others to uphold their own limited point of view. - JZ, 6.7.92. – If they limited their fanaticism to the own actions and affairs, it would not be so bad. Then they would wrong only themselves, i.e. whatever remains of their moral and rational nature, and not anyone who does not subscribe to their faith or voluntarily abides by it. – However, they will be hardest to convince of the rightfulness of and necessity for this tolerance and restriction upon their desire to impose their faith on others. – Such faiths will rise again and again and we might need an ideal militia to keep them in check. - JZ, 20.11.10.

FANATICISM: Fanatics are, by definition, those who cannot laugh at themselves.” - Jim Downard, L.C. 107, p.26.

FANATICISM: Fanatics, when all is said and done, are no worse than mad dogs. But mad dogs have to be destroyed, it is simple common sense.” - Gordon R. Dickson, Soldier, Ask Not, p.159. - TOLERANCE

FANATICISM: George Bernard Shaw pointed out that a fanatic, who is willing to give his life for his cause, thinks nothing of giving your life for his cause.” - Robert Silverberg, ANALOG, Sep. 76.

FANATICISM: Psychologically seen, a fanatic is a man who intentionally over-compensates a secret doubt.” - Aldous Leonard Huxley, re-translated from a German version.

FANATICISM: The ruthlessness born of self-seeking is ineffectual compared with the ruthlessness sustained by dedication to a holy cause. “God wishes”, said Calvin, “that one should put aside all humanity when it is a question of striving for His glory.” - Eric Hoffer - Calvin described his God like a glory-hunting monarch, dictator or general, who, after all this time of negative experiences with them, still requires masses of human sacrifices, illnesses, accidents and natural catastrophes! – This kind of “love” for his “children” is certainly not “divine”. - JZ, 11.12.08. - TOTALITARIANISM, GOD, INTOLERANCE, TRUE BELIEVERS, ZEALOTS, SELFISHNESS, SELF-SEEKING, RELIGION

FANATICISM: There is nobody as enslaved as the fanatic, the person in whom one impulse, one value, has assumed ascendancy over all others.” - Milton B. Sapirstein, Paradoxes of Everyday Life, 1955, p.8.

FANATICISM: There is only one step from fanaticism to barbarism.” - Denis Diderot (1713-1784), “Essai sur le mérite de la vertu.” (1745). - I doubt that most advocates of nuclear mass murder devices are fanatics. However, they either lack moral sense or ethical knowledge and adhere to ancient prejudices like collective responsibility and territorialism. – JZ, 23.1.08. – BARBARISM, CRUELTIES, ATROCITIES, MASS MURDER, GENOCIDE, TRUE BELIEVERS

FANATICISM: They talk liberty but they act oppressively and exploitatively. - JZ, 22.10.83, 31.7.13. - COMMUNISTS, NAZIS, FASCISTS, GESELLIANS, FUNDAMENTALISTS

FANATICISM: Though they seem at opposite poles, fanatics of all kinds are actually crowded together at one; It is the fanatic and the moderate who are poles apart and never meet.” - Eric Hoffer – Only territorially are they wrongfully and unnecessarily crowded together. Under full exterritorial autonomy they could be peacefully coexist in all their varieties, side by side, of living far apart, all doing only their own things for or to themselves, without having to achieve compromises with dissenters. – JZ, 23.1.08. - INTOLERANCE, TERRORISM, TERRITORIALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, MODERATION, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM

FANATICISM: To Anderson fanaticism is "the ugliest sin of all," for the well-meaning fanatic has been the cause of most human misery. "; Don't you realize that deliberate scoundrels do little harm, but that the evil wrought by sincere fools is incalculable?'" asks the hero of "The Double-Dyed Villains" in echo of Ortega y Gasset. Fanatics are also the villains in the UN-Man series, "Progress", "A Plague of Masters" (Earthman, go Home! 11961), Shield, "No Truce With Kings," The Star Forx, "Operation Changeling" 11969), and “There Will Be Time.” No amount of sincerity can justify the fanatic's crimes. He knows no mercy, compassion, or self-doubt.” - Sandra Miesel, The Book of Poul Anderson, p.201. - DO-GOODERS VS. MALICIOUS PEOPLE, CONSPIRATORS ETC.

FANATICISM: To discuss with fanatics is like engaging in a rope pulling contest in which the opposing time has tied its end around a thick tree.” - Hans Kasper.

FANATICISM: Yet in savage and uneducated peoples ignorance provides its own source of great strength. It engenders in them the overpowering stimulus of fanaticism. – Wilbur Smith, The Triumph of the Sun, Macmillan 2005 edition, p.21. – STRENGTH, INTOLERANCE, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, LACK OF EDUCATION & ENLIGHTENMENT

FANATICISM: You are never dedicated to something you have complete confidence in. No one is fanatically shouting that the sun is going to rise tomorrow. They know it's going to rise tomorrow. When people are fanatically dedicated to political or religious faiths or any other kind of dogma or goals, it's always because these dogmas or goals are in doubt.” - Robert M. PIRG, Zen & the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, p.146. - DOUBT, UNCERTAINTY

FAR AWAY: When the king of Wu sent Confucius into exile, many disciples followed the philosopher, but in later years one of them said he wished he could see his home again. "How is it far," Confucius said, "if you can think of it?" - Robert Anton Wilson, Cosmic Trigger, p.235. – Compare: “Home is where you are most free.” - DISTANCE, PESSIMISM, LONG TERM, CONSCIOUSNESS, OPTIMISM, THINK, AIM, TRAVEL, PROGRAMS

FARM POLICY: [Pete] DuPont said that farmers should go pound sand with the rest of us. When somebody's muffler shop goes bankrupt, the government doesn't pay him $100,000 to not install mufflers.” - P. J. O'Rourke

FARM POLICY: A farmer can stand on his own feet - if the government lets him. - JZ, 11.4. 1976. - FARM PROGRAMS, AGRICULTURAL SUBSIDIES

FARM POLICY: For Australian farmers to make worthwhile additional sales, they must see to it that potential foreign consumers are sufficiently liberated. - In other words, they ought to help them abolish tariffs, subsidies, foreign exchange controls and monetary despotism. - JZ, 6.11.85. – To increase their own purchasing power and also that of their potential foreign customers, in the way of least resistance (apart from that coming from their own central bank), they ought to issue standardized international clearing certificates that are ultimately redeemed in their produce. The value of these clearing certificates and of the produce that can be purchased with them, should be expressed in sound value standards and, in the meantime, used to pay for imports from foreign countries. The export sales of other kinds of products and the financing of imports can also be done with international clearing certificates redeemable in the own products and issued by their producers and sellers. Prof. Edgard Milhaud wrote several books on this subject and Ulrich von Beckerath provided extensive comments on them. Such international clearing certificates are the international equivalent to local shop currencies, issued by local shop associations and large department stores or shopping centers or shopping center chains. The redemption of such certificates with wanted goods and services, accurately measured, i.e. not with governmental paper “value standards”, is never a problem while producers are free to produce and sellers are free to price what they have to offer. Only under central banking, with its legal tender monopoly money, are their buying and selling options all too much reduced. A whole country could thus be treated as a shopping center. All its sellers would and should be free to issue their clearing certificates or their shop currency, with no interference by any government at all. They could then appear everywhere as additional, large buyers and thus would be very much welcomed. – Their “foreign exchange”, being based on stable value standards, would soon become much preferred to what is now classed as “foreign exchange”, namely deteriorating governmental monopoly currencies, also subject to all too much manipulation. – No one with any sense could then claim that such clearing certificates would not automatically bring about a balance of trade and a balance of payments. – Like ticket money they would be cancelled or destroyed after their return to their issuers for their kind of redemption and replaced by new issues based upon newly available produce, products and services. - JZ, 20.11.10. – INTERNATIONAL TRADE, INTERNATIONAL CLEARING, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, NATURAL “FOREIGN EXCHANGE”, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, FREE TRADE VS. MONOPOLISM, TERRITORIALISM, PROTECTIONISM

FARM POLICY: If one cannot grow all the wheat he pleases on his own land, what matters if the taboo be called "communism" as in Russia or the "farm program" as in the USA? - Leonard E. Read, To Free or Freeze. - COMMUNISM

FARM POLICY: If the government decides to help farmers, what does it do? It taxes the people who live in cities, and then it passes the benefit on to farmers. But how does that help farmers? In order to sell his produce, the farmer has to sell to people in cities. The people in the cities who are taxed find themselves less able to buy what the farmer produces. So the people on whom the farmer must depend are injured in order to help the farmer. That doesn't really help. It hurts. Then, if the government decides to help the people in cities, it taxes the farmer and passes the benefit along. But the people in cities are dependent upon the farmer. If the farmer is injured, how will that help those who must depend on him?” - Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.195. - AGRICULTURAL POLICY, SUBSIDIES, TAXATION, GOVERNMENTAL “HELP”

FARM POLICY: Or, reflect on the Federal farm program. What about the corporate farmer who last year received more than $ 4 million for not farming? And the thousands of others who siphoned off lesser amounts from the purchasing power of the rest of us - and for doing nothing! The annual cost of this farm subsidy program represents five or six times the total Federal budget when I was a farmer boy. This is no service to my consumer interest or yours, it is a disservice.” - Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.71.

FARM POLICY: Paying farmers not to farm: a foe to consumers - who pay more; a foe to taxpayers - who keep less; a foe to the farmers themselves - who degenerate into plunderers. - Leonard E. Read, THE FREEMAN, 2/75.

FARM POLICY: Ten years ago, American farmers began taking money from all American tax-payers in payment for reducing this country's food supplies, on the ground that this payment is "the farmers' protective tariff." - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.63.

FARM POLICY: The costly farm programs ignore the marginal farmers they were designed to help. They also pay farmers not to plant on land they wouldn’t plant on anyway.” - Richard C. Cornuelle, Healing America, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1983, p. 85.


FASCISM: A system of private property under government control is not true capitalism at all but, rather, a type of fascism. - O'Neill, Ayn Rand, p.178. - GOVERNMENT CONTROL OF PROPERTY, VS. CAPITALISM

FASCISM: any successful military coup must result in total repression. Communism and/or Fascism, what is the difference?” - John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, 10/73. - COUPS, MILITARY PUTCHES, UNITY

FASCISM: Fascism conceives of the State as an absolute, in comparison with which all individuals or groups are relative, only to be conceived of in their relation to the State.” - Benito Mussolini, article for the Encyclopaedia Italiana, N.Y. TIMES, Jan. 11, 1935. - Seldes. - THE STATE, TOTALITARIANISM

FASCISM: Fascism is a form of socialism which permits a private property system to exist under state control.” - Harry Lee Smith, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 77, 57. – Hardly a complete system of private property. – JZ

FASCISM: Fascism is a religion.” - Mussolini. - Quoted by Seldes. - RELIGION

FASCISM: Fascism is a state of acute nationalism.” - T. F., ST. JOHN'S BREAD, n.d. - NATIONALISM

FASCISM: Fascism is an attempt to fight communism with its own weapons.” - Anthony Fisher, The Case for Freedom, p.59. - COMMUNISM

FASCISM: Fascism is government by the few and for the few. The objective is seizure and control of the economic, political, social and cultural life of the state.” - U.S. Army: Army Talk, Orientation Fact Sheet 64, March 24, 1945. - Seldes. - The State has no such life nor any other. It is an abstract concept, an idea - and a practice of people possessed by that idea. - JZ, 17.6.00.

FASCISM: Fascism should more properly be called corporatism because it is the merger of state and corporate power.” - Benito Mussolini. – Such a mixture has become fashionable in most “democratic” States as well. – JZ, 4.1.08. – There is no rightful or inevitable connection between governmentally privileged corporations and free market capitalism. Critics of corporations and capitalism tend to overlook the statism that is involved in what they quite wrongly consider to be “free enterprise” or “laissez-faire” corporations and capitalism. But then these critics have never really examined or understood what free markets, property rights, freedom of contract, monetary and financial freedom, free exchange, and free competition on a really free market do mean in theory and in practice. All they know is some of the current abuses and they do wrongly ascribe them to the freedom rather than the statist and legalized aspects. – JZ, 11.12.08, 20.11.10, 31.7.13. - CORPORATIONS, CAPITALISM, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, STATISM

FASCISM: FASCIST: … someone who would rule another by force.” – Linda Nagata, Vast, A Bantam Spectra Book, 1978, p.100. – Alas, this was the only passage I found there worth quoting. – SF should be much more a literature of ideas rather than merely space operas. - JZ, 10.9.08. – FORCE, COMPULSION, COERCION, MONOPOLISM, STATISM

FASCISM: For the Fascist, everything is in the State, and nothing human or spiritual exists, much less has value, outside the State. In this sense Fascism is totalitarian, and the Fascist State, the synthesis and unity of all values, interprets, develops and gives strength to the whole life of the people. - Benito Mussolini - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – Even he pretended to be representatively democratic and republican, acting in the public interest for all of the “people”, all of the population of a “nation”, just like any other territorialist. – He certainly did not favor exterritorial secessionism, either, whether by individuals or minority groups or even by the majority of the population. - JZ, 26.3.12. – STATISM, NAZIS, TOTALITARIANISM, TERRITORIALISM, PEOPLE, NATIONS, STATE

FASCISM: In fascist government, there may be private property and private employees, but they are all controlled by the government; the government sets the wages, the government determines how much if any profit the employer may make, the government determines what he shall produce and how much and when, and the individual's only task is to take orders from the controlling bureaucrats.” - John Hospers, REASON, 9/72.

FASCISM: In his book "Fruits of Fascism", Herbert I. Mathews quotes Mussolini as declaring: "Property is not only a right, but a duty. It is not an egoistic possession, but rather a possession which should be employed and developed in a human and social sense." And as Matthew observes: "That, in Fascist terminology, came to mean that private property, like everything else, had to be placed at the service of the State, and one may well ask to what extent the institution (private property) was infringed upon by taxation, forced investments, and the whole structure of governmental interference which told a man what he should produce, how much, with what labor and at what price. In short, can there be a private property under a totalitarian system?" Individuals are left with the title to their property, but since they can only use the property in certain ways specified by the regime, it becomes a form of state property as does everything else.” – Richard W. Grant, 1966, The Incredible Bread Machine, p.145. Reproduced on microfiche in PEACE PLANS 1490. - We should not forget, either, that fascist gangs literally destroyed the property of numerous agricultural cooperatives in Italy, with biblical ferocity, even cutting fruit trees down. They were owned by people who would never subscribe to fascist doctrines. - JZ, 17.5.00. - PROPERTY & THE STATE

FASCISM: It is obvious, too easily demonstrable, that fascism and communism are not two opposites, but two rival gangs fighting over the same territory … that both are variants of statism, based on the collective principle that man is the sightless slave of the state … that both are socialistic (*), in theory, in practice and in the explicit statements of their leaders … that under both systems the poor are enslaved and the rich are expropriated in favour of the ruling clique …  that fascism is not the product of the political "right" but of the "left"… that the basic issue is not "rich versus poor", but man versus the state, or:  individual rights versus totalitarian government … which means, capitalism vs. socialism.” - Mrs. Young, on Ayn Rand, referring to her lecture: The Fascist New Frontier. – Mrs. Young, paper, p.52. – (*) collectivist? – JZ - COMMUNISM, NAZISM

FASCISM: Often the principle of the Fascisti; also: the movement or governmental regime embodying their principles. 2a. any program for setting up a centralized autocratic national regime with severely nationalistic policies, exercising regimentation of industry, commerce, and finance, rigid censorship and forcible suppression of opposition; 2b. any tendency towards or actual exercise of severe autocratic or dictatorial control (as over others within an organization).” – Comment: (by?) The major technical distinction between fascism and socialism-communism (excluding the totally voluntary varieties) is that under socialism-communism, the centralized autocratic national regime not only regiments or controls industry, commerce and so on, it also OWNS them. Under fascism, the pretence of private ownership is kept up. - Unabridged - Websters Third New International Dictionary.

FASCISM: Playboy: What made Roosevelt a fascist? Hess: He believed it was better for people to be alike than for them to be different and it was better for people to be led than for them to be self-reliant. The term fascist seems appropriate because the most essential tenet of fascism views the state as the people, rather than the other way around. Both Hitler and Roosevelt began by nationalizing the people …” - Karl Hess, Playboy Interview, 7/76. – ROOSEVELT, LEADERSHIP

FASCISM: private ownership and government control of the means of production." - Mark Tier, Tweedledum & Tweedledummy.

FASCISM: the Communists are busy liquidating thousands in Cambodia and Vietnam. They do it for "class" reasons, not "race". But is it any more consoling to be beheaded as a bourgeois than as a Jew? - The total State is the same everywhere.” - John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, August, Year? - Actually, Mussolini's regime was not as systematically mass murderous towards Jews as was the Nazi regime. And Franco's regime was at least sensible enough to stay out of WW II, after its own bloody civil war. - JZ - NAZISM & COMMUNISM

FASCISM: The difference between communism and fascism (or Nazism) is purely one of form. While communism abolishes all private property, the fascist state retains the fiction (or appearance) of private property. Thus is appears that fascism bears some resemblance to capitalism, while in fact the "owners" are merely agents of the state - or front men for the state. Both communism and fascism are identical: they are both totalitarian systems.” - Mark Tier, FREE ENTERPRISE, 8/74. - NATIONAL SOCIALISM & COMMUNISM

FASCISM: The influence of the liberal ideas of the last century had at least brought it about that even the conservative elements in society were convinced that the State existed for the citizens. Fascism, however, announces with brutal frankness that the purpose of the individual consists in being useful to the State. "Everything for the State, nothing outside the State, nothing against the State!" as Mussolini has expressed it.” - Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism & Culture, p.244. - THE STATE

FASCISM: the rise of Fascism and Nazism was not a reaction against the socialist trends of the preceding period but a necessary outcome of those tendencies.” - Friedrich Hayek, The Road To Serfdom. - NAZISM, AROSE OUT OF STATE SOCIALISM

FASCISM: We are all fascists now - but with nuclear bombs instead of the old-fashioned extermination camps. - JZ, 11.11.75. – With the difference that these “weapons” are even more indiscriminately mass-murderous ones and still more wrong and absurd in their application of the “principle” of collective responsibility. – JZ, 20.11.10. - MASS EXTERMINATION & NUCLEAR DEVICES

FASCISM: What gave it power was the brutality of its methods. Its reckless violence could have no regard for the opinions of others just because it had none of its own.” - Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.242. - It was one outgrowth of the kind of “egoism” that believed in "might makes right" and, collectively, in: "my country, right or wrong." - Did they teach another morality in government schools and in private homes? The natural law, natural rights and human rights philosophy was widely ignored or even ridiculed by the "intellectuals" and even ancient rights, like tyrannicide, were classed with criminal assassinations. There were few people left with firm faiths and convictions against totalitarians, too few to stop them. And even these had not developed among themselves a comprehensive libertarian defence, revolution and liberation program. - JZ, 25.6.00. – They still haven’t! – J.Z, 20.11.10.

FASCISM: What we have now is a creeping fascism. In Hitler's Germany everyone had title to his property (*) while Hitler simply told everybody how to use that property. It was a grand deception - you both owned and did not own your work, property, etc.” - Tibor Machan, Liberty & Culture, p.230. – (*) Jews and other dissenters or declared enemies of the Third Reich did not! My father was expropriated by them. – JZ – The property confiscated or extorted by the Nazis from Jews was used by the Nazis to finance their war against the world, together with the old age insurance funds, their inflation tax and numerous other values they could lay their hands on. – JZ, 20.11.10. - SOCIALISM

FASHIONS: A form of ugliness so intolerable it must be changed every six months.” - Oscar Wilde, quoted in THE DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP, No. 3.

FASHIONS: FASHION MODELS: Beautiful bodies – hidden behind ugly and useless clothing and absurdly arranged cloth scraps. If the space, money and time granted to them in the media and in public events were utilized for genuine enlightenment instead … - JZ, 6.7.04, 21.10.07. – ENLIGHTENMENT, MASS MEDIA, CATERING THE LOWEST COMMON DENOMINATORS

FAST FOOD: It speeds them on the way to the grave.” - From film: Remo Unarmed & Dangerous, 1985.

FAT OF THE LAND? Living off the fat of the land. – Did you ever find any fat on your land? If this popular saying had meant oil, then it would have said so. Growing fat cattle, sheep or pigs and maintaining them healthy does still require major efforts and costs. So does making or keeping land fertile and sufficiently watered or drained. – JZ, 24.7.12. – Only at a few spots of the world did some oil seep to the surface. Even there it required considerable investments to make this source of this natural fat commercially profitable. – JZ, 4.9.12. - DIS, Q.

FAT, DIETING & EXCESS CONSERN WITH ONE’S HEALTH: The freedom to be fat - - The much cursed fat is a) an energy storage system, b) a neutralizer of many poisons, c) a provider of stem cells (as a recent and successful operation in my eldest grandson has proven). Naturally, of everything one can have too much so that, if one tries to manage everything optimally, that one owns, one does not have enough time and energy left to enjoy life, like some poor people do. Even property and wealth only in moderation. Otherwise, one can easily become "owned" by it. – JZ, 29.8.11, on Facebook. – HEALTH, DIETS, FOOD, NATURAL FOOD

FATE: Fate is a name for facts not yet passed under the fire of thought; for causes which are unpenetrated.” - R. W. Emerson, Fate, 1860.

FATE: Fate isn't to be awaited but made. - JZ, 26.9.76.

FATE: For man is man and master of his fate.” - Tennyson, The Marriage of Geraint, I, 355. – Would it not be nice if that were quite true already? – JZ, 14.2.08. – Individual secessionism, exterritorial autonomy for volunteers and full monetary and financial freedom would be great steps in this direction. – JZ, 20.11.10. – MAN, SELF-DETERMINATION, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-GOVERNANCE, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SELD-DETERMINATION

FATE: I am the master of my fate; / I am the captain of my soul.” - William E. Henley. - More realistically, it should rather be: I WANT TO BE master of my fate. But so far I am only the captain of my "soul". - JZ, n.d. & 22.6.00. - SELF-CONTROL, SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-MANAGEMENT, FREEDOM, INDEPENDENCE, SELF-DETERMINATION

FATE: Little folks become their little fate.” - Horace, Epistles, I, c. 5 B.C. - Little folks can't act big until after they have thought big. Alas, most don't even bother to try that. They confine themselves more than their circumstances do. - JZ, 25.6.00.

FATE: Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own minds.” - Franklin D. Roosevelt, Pan American Day address, April 15, 1939. – He, certainly was a prisoner of his own mind and its errors. Unfortunately, he had the territorial power to make his errors mismanage the lives of the other Americans as well. He, no more than any other US president, would let his involuntary victims secede from his rule and systematic and anti-economic meddling – or from his foreign policy. – JZ, 14.12.08. - MINDS, PREJUDICES, MYTHS, BELIEFS, DESTINY, PREDESTINATION

FATE: Men at some time are masters of their fates.” - Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, Act I, sc. 2, l. 139. – They have all too small chances for that after being government-educated and while remaining subjected to territorialism and monetary and financial despotism. – Shakespeare did not realize that as yet – but we should. – JZ, 20.11.10.

FATE: The "authority" for a tyrant to commit his atrocities and the excuse of a fool for his failures.” – Ambrose Bierce. (Retranslated from a German version.)

FATE: The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, / But in ourselves that we are underlings.” - William Shakespeare, 1564 - 1616. - UNDERLINGS, FAULT, STATISM, SERVILITY, SUBORDINATION, FATALISM

FATE: The mould of a man's fortune is in his own hands.” - Bacon. - But he does not always succeed in obtaining the government's compulsory licence for using it, the licence for buying the raw material, the licence for selling the product, the licence to freely hire help, etc., etc. - JZ, 4.6.82.

FATE: We are not the playthings of blind forces, but free men who, in accordance with the will of God, are able to shape their own lives. …” - Otto von Habsburg, The Social Order of Tomorrow, p.15. – A descendent of the Habsburg monarchy in favor of individualism, even individual sovereignty - apart from the religious angle! – Would he talk the same if he were King or Emperor? - JZ, 14.12.08.

FATE: We are, when we will it, masters of our own fate.” - Ferrier, Adraste. (“On est, quand on veut, maitre de son sort”.) - As if States did not exist! - JZ, 17.6.00. – As if a mere act of will were involved. Such declarations are not any more useful than mere prayers. Mere wishful thinking comes in all forms but does not directly realize all our genuine rights and liberties. However, if we really wished for an optimal declaration of all these rights and liberties and for an ideal militia to protect them, then we would tend to do something to clearly develop and declare and then to realize these ideals. – JZ, 20.11.10, 13.3.13.

FATE: Well, history can't be changed… but our future is always in our own hands.” - R. A. Wilson, Masks of the Illuminati, p.180. - Well, historians have almost made a habit out of changing their histories away from historic realities - in accordance with their personal prejudices and special interests. - JZ, 22.1.02. – Alas, all individuals do not have panarchistic choices as yet for their own future. – JZ, 22.12.08. –Not even a single one on Earth has this freedom a yet. – JZ, 31.7.13. - PANARCHISM,, CHOICE, INDIVIDUALISM, TERRITORIALISM, HISTORY, FUTURE, MAN, CHANGE

FATE: Western men have their destinies in their own hands as never before. - JZ, free after G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, a Man Alone, p.15. - Quite true, but only if they do make the fullest use of what they can still legally do for liberty, like e.g. making optimal use of all affordable and efficient alternative media for their literature, ideas, references and facts. - JZ, 17.6.00.

FATE: What people commonly call fate is nothing but the result of their own stupid actions.” - Ascribed in one reference work to Schopenhauer. But I believe it is rather a remark by G. C. Lichtenberg, in his Aphorisms. - JZ

FATE: Who can control his fate?” - Shakespeare, Othello, V, 1604. - Everyone to be free to control his own fate to the extent that it could possibly depend upon his own decisions. - JZ, 3.10.85. - Nobody at present, everybody in the future, as far as is humanly possible - under panarchism. - JZ, 12.7.86, 31.7.13. - CONTROL & FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SELF-GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM ETC.

FATHERHOOD: It is easier for a father to have children than for children to have a real father. - Pope John XXIII. – No Pope or other preacher is a good enough substitute for a good father. – JZ, 13.3.13. – CHILDREN

FATHERLAND: Fatherlands have all too much been replaced by politician's lands, bureaucrats' lands, central planners' lands, lawyers' lands and lawmaker's lands. - JZ, 15.6.91. - Countries have been turned from places to live and work in, relatively freely, to places suffering under laws, politicians, bureaucrats and lawyers. - JZ, 4.8.92. - MOTHERLAND, HOME COUNTRY

FATHERLAND: I would give something to know for whose sake precisely those deeds were really done which report says were done for the fatherland.” - G. C. Lichtenberg, Reflections, 1799.

FATHERLAND: To the ordinary man his fatherland is where his father has fathered him, his mother’s breast-fed him and his pastor confirmed him in his faith. For the merchant it is where he can gather the highest profits without being exploited by the State, for the soldier where the emperor pays him best and permits him the greatest insolence, for the scholar where he earns for his flatteries the greatest fame or most gold, for the honest and reasonable man where the most freedom, justice and humanity exists. Thus the last finds only rarely his fatherland.” - Johann Gottfried Seume. - HOME COUNTRY, MOTHERLAND, ONE'S COUNTRY, TERRITORIALISM, PATRIOTISM NATIONALISM

FAULTFINDING: Forget other's faults by remembering your own.” - 77 Collins Desk Calendar. - Anyhow, you can't do much about their faults but you could do at least something about your own. Start by using some more causal thinking and less personal thinking. - JZ, 17.6.00, 31.7.13. - PERSONAL THINKING, BLAMING CULPRITS, CONSPIRACY THEORIES

FAULTFINDING: Seek not every quality in one individual.” - Confucius, quoted in READER'S DIGEST, 6/78. - Nobody is perfect, not even you! Don't expect too much from anyone. Don't seek faults or you will find them. Be satisfied with some visible qualities. - JZ, 17.11.78. - Count your and their blessings, rather than your and their mistakes. - Reform yourself rather than try to change others. Strive towards your own perfection rather than expecting it in others. We all need freedom because we are imperfect. - JZ, 17.6.00. - ERRORS, FAILURES, BLAMING OTHERS, PERSONAL THINKING, TEARING OTHERS DOWN, CRITICISM, PERFECTION, INDIVIDUALISM

FAULTS: Faults, mistakes, errors, flawed actions are to be admitted as learning experiments - but only at the risk and expense of the voluntary participants. As far as possible, only innocents and non-participants are to be protected against the consequences of insufficiently informed or stupid actions by addicts to territorial power. - JZ, 12.7.86, 2.2.02, 20.11.10. - MISTAKES, ERRORS, EXPERIMENTS, ACTIONS, LEARNING, TOLERANCE, FAILURES, SUCCESS

FAVORITISM: A fair field and no favors.” – Leonard E. Red, The Free Man's Almanac. – No territorial field and its rulers are fair to all of those living and working in or on this “field”. – JZ, 20.11.10. - FAIRNESS & FREEDOM

FAVORITISM: Every favor a man receives, in some measure sinks him below his dignity, and in proportion to the value of the benefit, or the frequency of its acceptance, he gives up so much of his natural independence.” - Oliver Goldsmith, The Citizen of the World, p.270.

FAVORITISM: Favoritism - "being unfairly partial"- is not for us; we prefer the favors of freedom. We live by such favors without knowing who our benefactors are.” - Leonard E. Read, ABC's of Freedom. - FREEDOM

FAVORITISM: Government should not be in the business of granting favors to anyone, such as tax breaks, subsidies, tariffs, franchises, and monopolies.” - Earl Zarbin, THE FREEMAN, 6/73. - A tax break is not really a favor. A bandit does not do me a favor if he does not rob me. 100% tax breaks for everyone who would rather do without compulsory taxes! - JZ, 17.6.00. – The greatest justified favor government could do to all honest and tolerant persons would be to no longer govern them without their individual consent, freely given. – JZ, 10.3.13. – GOVERNMENT, TAXATION, TRIBUTE LEVIES

FAVORITISM: I would first of all remind them of that principle which many of us have learned to accept, that no man or class accepts the position of receiving favors without learning in the end, that these favors become disadvantages. The small wealthy class, which once ruled this country, helped themselves to favors of many kinds. It would be easy to show that all these favors, whether they were laws in protection of corn, or laws favoring the entail of estates, creating sinecures, or limiting political power to themselves, have become in due course of time unpleasant and dangerous burdens tied round their own necks. Now, is state education of the nature of a political favor?” - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p.54/55. - PRIVILEGES, ADVANTAGES

FAVORS: A denial of a favor is not an invasion of a right.” - J. Fenimore Cooper, The American Democrat, XI, 1838.

FAVORS: Accept a favor, and you sell your liberty”. - Publius Syrus, Sententiae, c. 50 B.C. - LIBERTY

FAVORS: Almost everyone takes pleasure in repaying small favors, and many people are grateful for moderate ones, but hardly anyone fails to show ingratitude for great ones.” - La Rochefoucauld, Maxims, 1665. - Apparently, great favors tend to diminish self-respect and independence. - JZ, 25.6.00.

FAVORS: Favor, in the sense of "a kind, obliging, friendly, or generous act," should never be disparaged. Favors are the very constitution of the free market, private ownership, limited government way of life. Although rarely recognized, every creative act of all the individuals who live or have lived, is a favor to you and me.” - Leonard E. Read, ABC's of Freedom. - One should distinguish between individual favors, voluntarily granted and at the own expense and favors of the power mongers, granted at the expense of others. - JZ, 17.6.00. - FREE EXCHANGE, CREATIVITY

FAVORS: Men are shamed by favors.” - Immanuel Kant, Lecture at Koenigsberg, 1775. - Because they reveal dependency. - JZ, 12.7.86.

FBI: FBI = Freedom Bashers, Inc.” – Anonymous. (Federal Bureau of Investigation.) – I feel certain that among all its numerous investigations it has neither ever sufficiently investigated all genuine individual rights and liberties nor all pretended ones, nor all the crimes committed by elected or appointed officials of the U.S.A. against the real individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 3.1.08, 11.12.08, 10.3.13.

FDA: Did You Know: Government Out of Control. The Food and Drug Administration, FDA, for some reason regulates the collection, testing, and distribution of blood, and regulates condoms. On the other hand, it does not recognize alcohol as a drug...” - Secrets of the Sentient. - There is some sense in this, since not all condoms are quite water and air-tight at the microscopic level. Some micro-organisms can penetrate them. - However, I would rather see the FDA evaluated independently, e.g. by a consumer-protection organization. - JZ, 3.7.00. – Moreover, all its prohibitions and controls should be confined to its voluntary members. – JZ, 10.3.13. – CONDOMS, MEDICINES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM, HEALTH POLICIES

FDA: FDA Says Walnuts Are Illegal Drugs – Life Extension - - Will they next outlaw drinking water because, drinking or otherwise inserting 10 to 20 liters of water can kill you? – JZ, 18.7.11, on Facebook - ILLEGAL DRUGS, LIFE EXTENSION, DRUG LAWS:

FDA: If even one new drug of the stature of penicillin or digitalis has been unjustifiably banished to a company's back shelf because of exceedingly stringent regulatory requirements, that event will have harmed more people than all the toxicity that has occurred in the history of modern drug development. – William Wardell

FEAR OF FREEDOM: Faced with the pain of freedom, man begs for his shackles.” – Gerry Spence. - If only all people could easily learn to know all their liberating and empowering individual liberties and rights and were free to practise them to their own great advantage, then they would soon lose their fear of freedom. What they should but do not presently fear are the great remaining restrictions put upon very important rights and liberties, some of them still largely unknown or unappreciated. - JZ, 22. 11. 06. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY OR PERSONAL LAW VS. TERRITORIALISM

FEAR OF FREEDOM: Freedom incurs responsibility; that is why so many men fear it.” - George Bernard Shaw, Maxims for Revolutionists. – SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

FEAR OF FREEDOM: We are willing enough to praise freedom when it is safely tucked away in the past and cannot be a nuisance. In the present, amidst dangers whose outcome we cannot foresee, we get nervous about her, and admit censorship.” – E. M. Forster (1879-1970), Two Cheers for Democracy, 1951. - Not only censorship but all too many other and quite wrongful government powers are involved. They would be right only for and among volunteers. - JZ, 26.11.06, 31.7.13. - ESPECIALLY IN CRISIS TIMES, WHEN IT SHOULD BE MORE APPRECIATED, REALIZED & UTILIZED THAN EVER BEFORE, PANARCHISM

FEAR OF FREEDOM: Who is more foolish, the child afraid of the dark of the man afraid of the light?” – Maurice Freehill. – Q., FREEDOM

FEAR OF FREEDOM: Word for today: Eleutherophobia. e·leuth·er·o·pho·bi·a – n. 1. The fear of freedom. – From - It is largely based upon ignorance of freedom and of individual rights and liberties, especially economic liberties and the numerous great opportunities they do provide for all. - It seems that they have never been sufficiently compiled and published as well as explained. - Certainly not in governmental constitutions and their bills of rights. - JZ, 25. 11. 06.

FEAR: A man who causes fear cannot be free from fear.” - Epicurus.

FEAR: A man who fears, no longer guides and controls himself; right and wrong become shadowy and indifferent to him; the grim phantom drives, and he betakes himself to the path - whatever it is - that seems to offer the best chance of safety. We see the same vague dread acting upon the nations.” - Auberon Herbert, in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.403. - If they were to define their fears, properly, then they would in many cases realize that they fear territorial domination over their lives and that this fear would tend to disappear if they were free to secede as individuals from territorial States - and other coercive organizations -  and to associate with like-minded people, forming governments or societies of their own free choice. Territorial statism has, on all sides, build-up powerful machines that individuals and minorities, sometimes even majorities, have good reasons to fear. We should finally consider the best solvents for these powers. - Moreover, would they still be so fearful if they were organized in voluntary local militias for the protection of individual rights? - JZ, 17.6.00. – TERRITORIALISM, POWER, STATES, GOVERNMENTALISM

FEAR: Always do what you are afraid to do.” - Ralph Waldo Emerson. - Nothing is worth doing that you are not also somewhat afraid of doing. Do it anyhow or in spite of it. - JZ, 12.1.84. - All things worth doing need a degree of courage. - JZ, 8.9.85.

FEAR: As regards not being feared, a moderate fortune and an easy-going nature will secure you that. People should see that you're not a person it is dangerous to offend: and with you a reconciliation should be both easy and dependable. To be feared inside your own home, it may be added, is as much a source of trouble as being feared outside it - slave or free, there isn't a man who hasn't power enough to do you injury. Besides, to be feared is to fear: no one has been able to strike terror into others and at the same time enjoy peace of mind himself.” … - Seneca, Letters, 105, page 195. – TERROR

FEAR: Don't be afraid to live.” - From an anti-cancer advertisement in 1976. - FEAR OF LIFE

FEAR: Fear may be justified, but it will not bring justice.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. - JUSTICE

FEAR: Fear not to let dying industries die and growing industries grow.” - Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, summary of chapter 6. - FEAR OF FAILURE, SUCCESS, SUBSIDIES, BAILOUTS, PROTECTIONISM

FEAR: Fears are not to be alleviated by hiring professional pacifiers, but eliminated by opposing the men or institutions that create them.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

FEAR: How many of our actions in politics and economic systems are determined by our fear of competition? - JZ, 11.10.84. - And in ignorance of what fully free competition would really mean and could achieve for us and all others? - JZ, 13.6.00. - FEAR OF COMPETITION, FEAR OF FREEDOM


FEAR: It's quite natural that money should be found for war more easily than for adventure. After all, fear is an emotion deeper, ghastlier than any other. Insurance against fear is so much more imperative than is satisfaction of curiosity. Nobody's home will be prepared, nobody's life saved or freedom secured by conquest of Mars.” - Eric Frank Russell, Dreadful Sanctuary, p.40. - Somebody once reckoned that the costs of the moon landing could have been covered if everyone wanting to watch it on TV had been charged $ 5. People spend enormously to satisfy their curiosity, on literature, tourism, entertainment. Would we have much to fear of other societies if they did not have e.g. compulsory taxation and conscription and unjust laws imposed upon all? Could not all the assets now in the hands of despotic regimes be mobilized as redemption funds for the overthrow of these regimes? Even libertarians like Russell have let their thinking be conditioned too much by existing institutions and practices. – Those, which we have good reasons to fear, are not products of nature but man-made, in ignorance, under prejudices and with bad intentions. - We have not yet fully mobilized all the powers of the ideas, resources, talents and manpower of liberty against any kind of oppression. Freedom could become the strongest motive - and the strongest power, if we bothered to make it so. - Are we afraid of that? - JZ, 17.6.00. - AS A STRONG MOTIVE, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SECESSIONISM & EXTERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, VS. TERRITORIALISM, LIBERATION, GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

FEAR: Men not afraid to die and also using their reasoning power to the fullest, are almost invincible. - JZ, 6/76. – If they know all individual rights and liberties and do make the best possible use of them. – JZ, 14.12.08. – WAR AIMS, DESERTION, FRATERNIZATION, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, PANARCHISM, DEATH, REASON, STRENGTH, MILITIA, FRATERNIZATION, REVOLUTION, LIBERATION

FEAR: Never before had mankind as much fear as today - and never before did it have as many reasons to be afraid.” – Bertrand Russell. (Re-translated from a German version.) - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, DOOMSDAY

FEAR: Once you stop fearing government, the government fears you.” – Robert D. Graham, a tax rebel, quoted in Claire Wolfe, 101 Things to Do ‘til the Revolution, Breakout Productions, Port Townsend, Washington, 1999, rev. ed., ISBN 1-89.3626-13-X, p. 8. - GOVERNMENT

FEAR: One can fear too much as well as too little. - JZ, 27.9.90. - I never understood how so many people can complacently accept the existence and accumulation of mass extermination or anti-people mass murder devices, and of monetary despotism and that in hands of territorial governments, which were responsible for all the wars in the past and present. - JZ, 26.6.00, 20.11.10. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

FEAR: Our government has kept us in a perpetual state of fear – kept us in a continuous stampede of patriotic fervor – with the cry of grave national emergency. Always there has been some terrible evil at home or some monstrous foreign power that was going to gobble us up if we did not blindly rally behind it. – General Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964), Supreme Allied Commander, General of the U.S. Army. -  ENEMIES, CRISES & EMERGENCIES, REAL OR IMAGINED OR ASSERTED THREATS, AS TOOLS OF GOVERNMENTAL TERRITORIAL POLITICS

FEAR: The essential condition of freedom is not to live without fear, but to live without UNNATURAL fear.” - Ralph Bradford, THE FREEMAN, 2/74.

FEAR: The fearless man is his own salvation.” - Robert Bridges, The First Seven Divisions, 5.12.1917. - That ought to be highly qualified. - E.g.: A man able to overcome his fears and prepared to take some risks may achieve his own salvation, while a panic stricken man may perish. - The fearless man may be a fool who will cause one disaster after the other, for himself and others, by ignoring real dangers, rather than anticipating and avoiding them. If we do not fear war with ABC mass murder devices then it will become all the more likely. Moreover, only those who fear despotism, inflation and unemployment enough will have a strong motivation to do something sensible and rightful against them. - JZ, 17.6.00, 10.3.13. – Fearless soldiers have done and still do much damage, especially when fighting for all too wrongful causes. Have they the courage to face those, as armed insurrectionists, who sent them into senseless slaughters? – JZ, 14.12.08. – Have the victims of monetary and financial despotism the courage to engage in sound enough as well as tolerant and peaceful monetary and financial revolutions, all as business-like or self-responsible, as possible, i.e. exterritorial and secessionist ones, for their volunteers only? – JZ, 20.11.10, 10.3.13. - COURAGE, SOLDIERS, MILITARY DISOBEDIENCE & INSURRECTIONS

FEAR: The psychic condition of the atomized mass, governed by anonymous forces, is one of permanent anxiety. The masses are afraid of their leaders, the leaders are afraid of the masses and it is an amusing question which of these fears is the larger one. It can easily be proven that all tyrants, from Napoleon to his modern caricatures were driven forward by an overwhelming fear, that they themselves felt the illegitimacy of their power and tried to make up for it by ever new adventures and successes. …” - Dr. Herbert Stegeman, DER TAGESSPIEGEL, 25.11.51. - That might have applied to Dr. H. S. and DER TAGESSPIEGEL as well, because they were very anxious to keep different, fundamental, rightful and radical ideas out of it. - JZ, 18. 6.00. - THE HALLUCINATION OF THE AGE, TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP

FEAR: The State is based on threat. … If people aren't afraid of something, they'll realize they don't need that big government hand picking their pockets all the time. …” - Wilson / Shea, Illuminatus II, p.136. - THREATS & THE STATE, GOVERNMENT

FEAR: through fear of natural or supernatural forces mysticism is mobilized.” - Bronislaw Malinowski, Freedom & Civilization, p.187. - MYSTICISM

FEAR: would they … "fear liberty" too much to give themselves this new beginning?” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, a Man Alone, p.15. - They soon would not, if at least the few among them, who are willing to give freedom a try, were free to go ahead. - JZ, n.d. - EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, FEAR OF FREEDOM

FEATHERBEDDING: It is true that if one or two unions "featherbedded" and limited their productivity, they could extract an economic advantage from society. When all unions do it, however, no one gains. All that has been achieved is that the unions have combined collectively to lower the nation's total productivity. Consequently, with less productivity to go around, the nation must suffer a lower standard of living…” - Schiff, The Biggest Con, p.187. - UNIONS

FEATHERING ONE'S NEST: the compulsive urge to feather one's nest at the expense of others.” - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, IX. - We haven't really woken up, as a race, to the revolution of free trade and free enterprise and the division of labor. They were influential only for a relatively short period in our total development. Thus we still tend to play, all too much, the customary ancient zero sum games, rather than the new win-win games. And we have restricted economic freedom opportunities so much that millions of people seek their chances gambling, betting and in lotteries. Naturally, all governmental and private crimes with victims are still expressions of the ancient mentality trying to get rich and powerful at the expense and risk of others. - JZ, 17.6.00. – CRIME, SOMETHING FOR NOTHING, MONOPOLISM, PROTECTIONISM, BAILOUT, SPECIAL INTERESTS, LOBBIES, PRIVILEGES, SUBSIDIES

FED, CENTRAL BANKING, MONETARY DESPOTISM, INFLATION: If the public knew what was going on, if it was able to rip open the curtain covering the inscrutable Wizard of Oz, it would soon discover that the Fed, far from being the indispensable solution to the problem of inflation, is itself the head and cause of the problem. – Murray N. Rothbard, quoted by and by Nizam Ahmad shared Campaign for Liberty's photo. – Facebook, 13.10.12. – He could and should also have blamed it for deflations, recessions and stagflations and every growing public debts, “financed” by its additionally issued notes buying up governmental “insecurities”, which are “investments” in tax slaves. – JZ, 13.10.12.

FED, CENTRAL BANKING: End the Fed's Dual Mandate And Focus on Prices: John B. Taylor - - Has it got the mandate of its more than 300 million victims? – JZ, 26.9.11, on Facebook. – Reckoned in stable value standard, for which there ought to exist free choice, many to most prices have, actually gone done, apart from the price increases due taxes and regulations. – JZ, 8.1.13.

FED, CENTRAL BANKS & PUBLIC DEBTS: Fed became second-largest Treasury investor in Q1 - - Investor? An "investor" in tax slaves! Is that sufficiently better, in principle, than investments in slaves? – JZ, 12.6.11, 31.7.13, on Facebook.

FEDERAL FUNDS: Federal aid in such cases encourages the expectation of parental care on the part of the Government and weakens the sturdiness of our national character, while it prevents the indulgence among out people of that kindly sentiment and conduct which strengthens the bonds of a common brotherhood.” - Grover Cleveland, quoted in: The Free Man's Almanac. - PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY, SUBSIDIES, BAILOUTS, PRIVILEGES

FEDERAL FUNDS: If people want easier taxes they can have them but they will have to pay the price of forbearing to urge more spending programs on a federal government already overburdened with debt and responsibilities. They must learn to see that the money they get from Washington is the money they sent to Washington, less freight charges both ways.” - First National City Bank Letter, quoted in The Free Man's Almanac, Oct. 16. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING & TAX REDUCTIONS

FEDERAL FUNDS: There is a sort of cargo cult mentality which regards "Federal funds" as an inexhaustible source of bounty for all sorts of schemes, many of which are of questionable necessity and over-all benefit.” - G. A. Forster, Melbourne, from COURIER, Ballarat, 29.4.76, quoted in PROGRESS, 6/76. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING, CARGO CULT, SOMETHING FOR NOTHING, TAXATION

FEDERAL FUNDS: When the Great Indoctrinator at the head of the class mumbled about the need to use something called "federal funds" to help some group, they would politely but firmly ask what the hell she meant by "federal funds"- were those anything like monies stolen at gunpoint from the people to whom they rightly belonged? … - Robert Brakeman, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 12/78. - FEDERAL MONEY, FEDERAL SPENDING

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: [T]he States can best govern our home concerns and the general government our foreign ones. I wish, therefore ... never to see all offices transferred to Washington, where, further withdrawn from the eyes of the people, they may more secretly be bought and sold at market."Thomas Jefferson, letter to Judge William Johnson, 1823. – Quoted by Dale Ogden - John Zube: Even local governments are still only territorial States and as such wrong, inefficient, all too costly and also all too obstructive. – Facebook, 29.9.12. – STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMETNS & TERRITORIALISM

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: It is becoming increasingly apparent that many – arguably most – of the problems that plague our nation have been aggravated rather than alleviated by federal intervention. In one area after another, massive infusion of tax dollars have been squandered on false solutions which, when they fail to achieve their stated objectives, are cited to justify even more spending on other futile schemes that result I bigger government. – Robert W. Lee in  – BIG GOVERNMENT, INTERVENTIONISM, CENTRALIZATION, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICIANS, LAWS

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: It was George Washington who warned that if we ever lose our freedom, it will not be because of foreign invasion, but because of usurpation - because the Federal Government quietly but steadily nibbles freedom away.” - Stan Schmidt, Freedom, LIBERTARIAN AMERICAN, Summer 73.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: Like the American nation, the Capitol has changed, and has been expanded, many times, since 1793, when President Washington laid the cornerstone in the original North, or Senate, Wing. – Nothing reminds us more dramatically of the changes in and expansion of, the Capital – and of the federal government – than the recollection that, in 1800, when the government was moved to Washington from Philadelphia, the entire federal government, with all 132 of its employees, was ensconced within that original wing. – Robert R. Siegrist, Rotunda, Condor, N.Y., 1977, p.1/2. - GROWTH, CAPITOL, TERRITORIALISM

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: More power to the Federal Government? Deprive the Federal Government as well as the State Governments of all the power they already got! - JZ, 1974. - Then do away with the power of Local Governments - leaving all free to make whatever voluntary arrangements they do like for themselves. - JZ, 18.6.00. – POWER, CENTRALIZATION? DECENTRALIZATION – ALL THE WAY, BUT ON AN INDIVIDUAL & VOLUNTARY BASIS: PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: Nothing is gained by calling in the Federal Government to collect and distribute these extra funds, and much is lost. In the first place, there is the federal handling charge, the money paid federal officials to collect and dispense it. More important, there is the loss in local self-sufficiency and local control of schools.” - Dean Smith, Conservatism, p.140.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: Probably the American institution with the least accurate sense of identity is the federal government. It apparently believes it can do anything, and Congress seems to share that belief.” - Peter Drucker has written that the Federal Government can do nothing but wage war and inflate the currency, and the military debacle in Southeast Asia suggests he was only half right.” – Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.124. - OMNIPOTENT? STATISM, RULERS, GOVERNMENTALISM

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: State and local governments have become, to a great extent, arms (or dependent agencies) of the federal government.” - Richard B. McKenzie, Bound to Be Free, Hoover Institute Press, 1982, p. 23. - STATE GOVERNMENTS & LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: Take the role of the Federal Government - Uncle Sam, if you will. Some people look on him as a kind, benevolent old gentleman who hands out free gifts. They look on him as a child might look at a grandfather.” - Earl L. Butz, THE FREEMAN, 7/74. - The Federal Government is not a kind, benevolent old gentleman who hands out free gifts. - JZ, 1.10.74. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING, STATISM, PATERNLISM, WELFARE STATE

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: the far-off central government, … greatest and ugliest monster of all …” - Edgar Pangborn, The Company of Glory, p.147.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: the federal government spends more money each year trying to influence the way people think than it spends altogether for disaster relief, foreign military assistance, energy conservation, and cancer research.” – U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT, August 27, 1979, p.43. - PROPAGANDA SPENDING

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: We do many things at the federal level that would be considered dishonest and illegal if done in the private sector." - Donald T. Regan (NOT President Ronald Reagan!).

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: We suffer most when the White House busts with ideas.” – H. L. Mencken – Have ever any worthwhile new ideas come from there? – JZ, 31.7.13. - LEADERSHIP, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, GOVERNMENTS, FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS TO BE FEARED, NOT LOVED

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: Why the Federal Government is nothing but a profit making business monopoly, … - Schiff, The Biggest Con, from the cover. – Does it really cause profits or, rather, losses – to others? – JZ, 14.12.08. - A MONOPOLY BUSINESS & TRIBUTE ENFORCER

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: With irrefutable evidence and driving logic, he accuses the Federal Government of converting the American economy to national socialism and turning American workers into Federal peons. With facts and figures he shows how, when, and why…” - Schiff, The Biggest Con, from the cover.

FEDERAL MONEY: Clearly, local government has a duty and a responsibility to resist centralism, to resist the temptation of direct money from Canberra. It may be easy money but it will be hot money.” - Peter A. Wright, Australian Campaign Against Centralism. - Even local governments are already small centralized empires on a territorial basis, with involuntary subjects, taxpayers and victims of their rulings. They are victimizers themselves, corrupt, power-hungry and enforcers of their monopolies and tribute levies. They do not allow any of their victims to secede from them and their monopoly services and levies. - That they themselves are also victimized - and subsidized - by State and Federal Authorities does not excuse them sufficiently. - JZ, 18.6.00. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING, HANDOUTS, SUBSIDIES, DECENTRALIZATION, CENTRALISM, SECESSIONISM, TERRITORIALISM

FEDERAL MONEY: Federal money is federal loot. - JZ, 12/75. – Even if it appears in the form of freshly printed monopoly money with legal tender power. – JZ, 20.11.10. – TAXATION, GOVERNMENT SPENDING

FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM: I never thought the Federal Reserve System would prove such a failure. The country is in a state of irretrievable bankruptcy." - Senator Carter Glass (1983). - CENTRAL BANKING, MONETARY DESPOTISM, FED

FEDERALISM: A world federation could be devised which would let all civilizations keep their identities. (Popular view.) - Need States become federated when individuals and minority groups are free to join them or to secede from them, to associate freely on the basis of exterritorial autonomy and personal laws and when they are free to communicate, migrate, trade, invest and start a business anywhere except on private properties and without permission of their owners? - JZ, 24.4.88, 22.6.00, 20.11.10, 10.3.13. - WORLD FEDERATION, EUROPE, WORLD GOVERNMENT, PEACE THROUGH SECESSIONISM & EXTERRITORIALISM OR THROUGH TERRITORIAL UNITY?

FEDERALISM: Competition in Government: The only way, then, to prevent the monopoly of power from becoming absolute is to create a competitive market for government; to give the citizens, the customers, a choice of jurisdiction. That is exactly what our peculiar American system of divided authority, between states and federal government, accomplished. (1) The Constitution, as originally conceived, set up independent nations within an independent nation - imperium in imperio - each with delimited powers. In that way, it was hoped, the polarization of power that undermines freedom would be prevented. The central government was given certain specified chores to do; it would not intervene in local affairs, unless the state governments were not able to maintain order. If the state government got rough with its customers, they could easily transfer their allegiance to another state. (2) - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax …, p.89. - (1) Obviously, it did not accomplish this aim or only VERY incompletely, as is inevitable, as long as the principles and practices of territorialism, of collective sovereignty, and compulsory citizenship and uniform laws for all are maintained. - (2) That is like saying: If the customer of a monopoly shop in one State is dissatisfied with its service then he is "free" to shop in another State, from its monopoly shop. Consumer sovereignty means VERY MUCH more, towards all government "services" and disservices. The customers are often tied to jobs, homes, family members and friends and movement has become relatively easy only during the last 100 years and is still costly. Local freedom and self-government means MUCH more for individuals and dissenting minorities. Free migration, even if quite free and even if it were free of all costs and other disadvantages, is not a sufficient substitute. Territorialism must go. - JZ, 18.6.00.  COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, THE MONOPLY OF POWER, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM

FEDERALISM: Despite the temptation to the recognition of a mere diminution of sovereign power on the entrance of a State into a Federal Union, the opposite principle has clearly triumphed. The State is ‘legally despotic’.” – Merriam, quoted in: Raymond Garfield Gettel, Readings in Political Science, Ginn & Co., Boston, New York, Chicago, London, 1911, p.141. – This is correct only for territorial States and their rule over involuntary members. It does not apply to any form of governments, which are confined to volunteers and exterritorial autonomy or personal law. – JZ, 1.8.13. -  FEDERAL STATES, THEIR DESPOTISM OR DESPOTIC TREND, TERRITORIALISM

FEDERALISM: Empire asserted itself in militant form under German federalism within half a century.” - Robert E. Sagehorn, WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, Summer 68. - It took only a few decades in the case of the U.S. and of Italy as well. - JZ, 24.6.00. - IMPERIALISM

FEDERALISM: Federalism is not when the central government graciously allows the states to do this or that. That is just another form of administration. True federalism is when the people of the states set limits to the central government. Fundamentally, federalism means states rights. The cause of states rights is the cause of liberty. They rise or fall together.” – Clyde C. Wilson. - Individual human rights or natural rights and liberties rather than merely State rights and Federal rights! - JZ, 23. 11. 06. – Freedom goes far beyond State rights - to all individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 12.12.08. - STATE RIGHTS ON THE TERRITORIALIST MODEL, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, INCLUDING PERSONAL LAW OR EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

FEDERALISM: Goldwater was discussing with me an amazingly perceptive insight: that in the natural development of federal power in this country there was a natural tendency toward totalitarianism.” - Karl Hess, Dear America, p.67. - Should he have been surprised, seeing that individual and group secessionism is suppressed in all territorial States? - A basic totalitarian trait that all democratic to authoritarian States do have already in common is their territorialism, with its many despotic features. - JZ, 18.6.00. - TOTALITARIANISM & TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM

FEDERALISM: I see, ... and with the deepest affliction, the rapid strides with which the federal branch of our government is advancing towards the usurpation of all the rights reserved to the States and the consolidation in itself of all powers, foreign and domestic; and that, too, by constructions which, if legitimate, leave no limits to their power... It is but too evident that the three ruling branches of [the Federal government] are in combination to strip their colleagues, the State authorities, of the powers reserved by them, and to exercise themselves all functions foreign and domestic.” - Thomas Jefferson to W. Giles, 1825. None of the three territorial levels of governments do full represent all of their subjects or recognize and respect all individual rights and liberties. They must become subject to individual and exterritorial secessionism and its competing personal law systems and voluntary governance, societies and communities to realize genuine representation, self-governance, self-determination, freedom of contract and freedom of association and experimentation and to give all of the population the chance to practise all their individual rights and liberties as completely and extensively as they want to – among like-minded volunteers and in free competition with the remaining voluntary statists, who did not secede but lost their territorial monopoly. – JZ, 1.8.13. – CENTRALIZATION, TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE & SOCIETAL SYSTEMS FOR VOLUNTEERS

FEDERALISM: I think it would be a close race if one attempted to determine which of the three levels of government exhibited the greatest degree of incompetence, corruption, stupidity and crimes with victims. Certainly, the sums lost to federal governments are the greatest and those to state governments are larger than those lost to local governments. But that should not be the only factor to decide such a race, or comparison, if it were ever organized. – JZ, 22.5.05, 29.10.07. – Confine all kind and levels of governance to their voluntary victims under personal law. Expose them also to competition from all forms of non-governmental societies and communities of volunteers. In other words, practise free enterprise and consumer sovereignty or voluntarism or personal law or exterritorial autonomy in in this sphere as well. Without the compulsion and coercive collectivism and monopolism of territorial governance the better and best systems, forms, ideologies, organization and institutions will drive out the inferior and wrongful ones or reduce them to insignificance, with their remaining few and voluntary victims. – JZ, 1.8.13. - STATE RIGHTS & LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTONOMY, OR PERSONAL LAW FOR ALL COMMUNITIS OF VOLUNTEERS? FORCE, VIOLENCE, COERCION, COMPULSION, TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM

FEDERALISM: If we have learned anything in the past quarter century, it is that we cannot Federalize Virtue.” - George Bush, 1991. – If one could, all the federal presidents and prime ministers etc. would have been virtuous. Rather the contrary is, mostly, the case. Even in democracies, as Hayek stated (The Road to Serfdom), the worst tend to rise to the top. – JZ, 14.12.08. - VIRTUE, MORALITY, ETHICS

FEDERALISM: If you put the federal government in charge of the Sahara Desert, in 5 years there'd be a shortage of sand. –Milton Friedman - & NATIONALIZATION, JOKES, STATISM

FEDERALISM: In ancient Greece, the confederation EXPERIMENT was very DIFFERENT FROM the THEORY. The powers were administered by appointed political deputies. Hence the weakness, disorders, and finally the destruction.” - Madison (&Hamilton), 1789, The Federalist Papers, # 18. - All TERRITORIAL federations have a fundamental inbuilt flaw, namely territorialism, which does not settle internal arguments but provokes them even into civil wars. - JZ, 18.6.00. - ANCIENT GREECE

FEDERALISM: In number 45 of THE FEDERALIST, Madison writes: "The power delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which remain in the state governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation and foreign commerce … The powers reserved to the several state will extend to all objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement and prosperity of the state." - And so THE FEDERALIST goes on, promise after promise, that the state governments will be free in all respects except to deal with foreign governments. At one time, Madison described the federal government as the foreign department for the state governments.” - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax …, p.86. - The "few" powers of the Federal Government were significant and enough to permit it to develop into a monstrous territorial State. Even a bill of rights was originally omitted, the later amendments were and are still incomplete and legislatively largely invalidated on every point. The militia idea, monetary freedom, competition with the P.O., individual and group secessionism and free trade were never clearly specified. With foreign affairs and war powers despotism was still inbuilt and so was protectionism. Worst of all, territorialism was established by it at every level of government. The general welfare clause was left open to abuse, and the parliamentary and leadership system, as was the power of the supreme court. Later came enormous taxation powers through the income tax and withholding tax provisions. - This constitution was never an ideal one but flawed from the beginning and it turned worse as time went on. Even the wrongfulness of slavery was not abolished right away and the rights of the Red Indians and many conventional individual rights and liberties for all were not recognized right away, far less were full monetary and financial freedom (including voluntary taxation or contribution schemes) established and individual and group secessions allowed, leading to personal law communities of volunteers. Its few individual rights and liberties were largely legislated or interpreted away. Thus the US Constitution should not be idealized by anyone – until it becomes confined to its remaining volunteers. - To each his own constitution, personal law system, government, society, jurisdiction etc.! -– Most read monetary despotism and the postal monopoly into the U.S. Constitution, while some, like Lysander Spooner, read free banking and postal competition into it. Territorialists still think it to be a fundamentally sound document, while Lysander Spooner revealed it as one without any real authority. To each the constitution and the monetary and financial system of the own individual choice! – JZ, 18.6.00, 20.11.10, 10.3.13, 1.8.13. - ORIGINAL INTENTION VS. LONG TERM EFFECT OF TAXATION & THE MONETARY DESPOTISM OF CENTRAL BANKING

FEDERALISM: John T. Flynn has recently written: "Both of our parties are now committed to the same philosophy. And that philosophy is that the Federal Government asserts the right to plan the economic system to whatever extent it feels wise, to operate as much of it directly as its politicians wish, and to subject the national income, as it has been doing, to a process of socialization, in which the government asserts the authority to take and spend as much as it wishes … at the bottom is the aim of the American politicians to use the incomes, the labor, the passions and troubles of the American people to keep this socialist experiment afloat. The American politician has adopted socialism - without using its label.” - Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral's Log, I, p.142/143. - STATE SOCIALISM

FEDERALISM: My solution is world (better; galactic) federalism: libertarianism for libertarians, statism for statists etc.” - Wayne Wallace Woodward, THE CONNECTION 129, p.54 of 28.7.85. - I would add an "s" behind "libertarianism" and "statism", seeing that there are so many different kinds of them. - Federalism without exterritorial autonomy for minorities and individual secessionism is fraudulent and coercive, an unripe notion and immature practice, but nevertheless still the dominant notion, from Proudhon's anarchists to today's capitalistic libertarians and limited government advocates. - JZ, 27.6.89 & 26.6.00. - PANARCHISM

FEDERALISM: Of all checks on democracy, federation has been the most efficacious and the most congenial. … The federal system limits and restrains the sovereign power by dividing it and by assigning to government only certain defined rights. It is the only method of curbing not only the majority but the power of the whole people.” - Lord Acton. - On its own it hasn't sufficed to end or sufficiently curb the excessive monopolism, power and further growth of federal power. It must be supplemented by individual secessionism and by all other individual rights and liberties, e.g. by ideal volunteer militias for the protection of individual rights and liberties and their international federation, by panarchies – communities of volunteers that provide e.g. competition and exterritorial autonomy within and without countries, internally and internationally and even world-wide, by personal laws, voluntary taxation, a much more complete code of individual rights, and by monetary freedom, popular initiatives and referendum (not binding upon dissenters). - Have the U.S. federal government, that of Canada, Australia and the German Federal Republic been sufficiently curbed? - Conventional territorial federalism is no more effective in restraining power than is the supposed threefold division of powers. Neither reforms the fundamentals – sufficiently! - JZ, 5.4.89, 22.6.00, 1.2.02, 10.3.13. - STATE AND FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, DEMOCRACY

FEDERALISM: Our authority has been handed over to the federal power. We expect our economic solutions, our habitats, yes, even our entertainment, to derive from that remote abstract power. We are like wards in an orphan asylum. The shaping of the style of our lives is removed from us-we pay for huge military adventures and social experiments so separated from our direct control that we do not even know where to begin to criticize. ... So our condition is spiritless. We wait for abstract impersonal powers to save us, we despise the abstractness of those powers, we loathe ourselves for our own apathy.” - Norman Mailer. - STATISM, CENTRALISM, POWER, TERRITORIALISM, FROM FEDERAL TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

FEDERALISM: Our government is now taking so steady a course as to show by what road it will pass to destruction, to wit: by consolidation first, and then corruption, its necessary consequence. The engine of consolidation will be the federal judiciary; the other two branches the corrupting and corrupted instruments.” - Thomas Jefferson, 1821. - GOVERNMENT, POWER

FEDERALISM: People come to Washington believing it's the center of power. It was only much later that I learned that Washington is a steering wheel that's not even connected to the engine.” - Richard Goodwin. - FEDERAL GOVERNMENT POWER

FEDERALISM: Pi y Margall, who has been the moving spirit of Spanish anarchism as much as, or perhaps even more, than Bakunin or Kropotkin (for beginning with Salvochea and Mella, many Iberian anarchists drew their inspiration from him), has written in his book, "Nationalities": "Federation comes from the Latin word foedus, which signifies an alliance or compact; it cannot be arrived at without the contracting parties being free, that is to say sui juris." He added, on the subject of the municipalities of the Middle Ages: "The citizens not content with their fueros or own law codes, attempted all the time to extract further privileges to buttress them. (JZ: Apparently, not the right of individuals and minorities to secede and to live among themselves, under exterritorial autonomy. They just wanted their local territorial "empires".) If for any reason they united with their neighbours, it was to defend local freedoms, even against the king himself, whom they always looked at with cautious and suspicious eyes. With this sole aim, there were organised, chiefly in Castille and in Leon, those famous brotherhoods or groups which were so powerful in the last third of the Middle Ages, and unfortunately went down with Juan Padilla at Villalar.(1) They acquired great power in this fashion, and so far from being for the benefit of the State, brought the State into their service." (2) - Albert Meltzer, A New World in our Hearts, p.58. - (1) If an organization depends on just one man and his action then it is not a good organization. (2) They would have this in common with modern parties, movements and lobbies. - Federalism is still far from anarchism - unless it is build upon individual sovereignty, individual secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities. - JZ, 18.6.00. - & FEDERALIST ANARCHISM OR LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT

FEDERALISM: Power By Subsidy: It is useless to claim personal rights or "State Rights" against a Federal Government that is able to subsidize with unlimited money any form of local activity that it favors while it withholds such rewards from similar activities that fail to meet the required federal specifications. In the unchallenged exercise of its limitless power to spend and lend, Congress can buy its way into complete centralized control in such matters as health, education, insurance, agriculture, banking and manufacturing. It may subsidize newspapers and magazines with an obvious effect upon "Freedom" of the press. By an extension of the established practice of "grants-in-aid" to the States, it can and does reduce the time-honored exercise of State sovereignty to the role of a local agent for the big Federal boss.” - Clarence Manion, - The Key to Peace, p.66/67. , INCOME TAX, STATE RIGHTS, GRANTS, SUBSIDIES

FEDERALISM: Stop federal interference in private business, stop federal give-away programs, and stop federal plunder of the honest workers through the income tax grab. This is a logical first step for America to take on the road to recovery for freedom and responsibility.” - JAG, 31.3.74. - FEDERAL POWER, INTERVENTIONISM, TERRITORIALISM

FEDERALISM: The Federal Government - Voracious Monster.” - Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral's Log, I, p.167.

FEDERALISM: The federalistic structure of medieval society is threatened. No longer can we see the body politic as COMMUNITAS COMMUNITATUM, as system of groups, each of which in its turn is a system of groups. All that stands between the State and the individual has but a derivative and precarious existence.” - F. W. Maitland, Moral Personality & Legal Personality, in David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.162. - PANARCHISM

FEDERALISM: The other tradition Kropotkin makes mention of is the popular or federalist tradition. If we seek a name that will convey its precise meaning, Kropotkin wrote, we might well call it "the libertarian tradition". The libertarian, unlike the imperialist, totally distrusts hierarchy, formal political authority, and organized government. Convinced that men are created by nature for a genuine social life, although they have not yet attained any significant degree of this potential, the libertarian, according to Kropotkin, denies that external compulsion and force are essential to order and peace. To the contrary, human freedom is only possible where men abandon the state and seek instead to create social life through the principles of federalism, mutual aid, and self-discipline.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.5. - Other kinds of federalists or secessionists might want to uphold quite different principles among themselves - and they, too, do have the moral right to do so. - JZ, 18.6.00. - LIBERTARIANISM & ANARCHISM, CHOICE, SECESSIONISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM

FEDERALISM: There is nothing wrong with federalism on any, even the largest scale, if only it is competitive, by individual choice and consent of voluntary members only, and as long as individuals and dissenting groups remain free to secede from any federation or any of its members, i.e., as long a no territorial coercion is imposed upon all people living in any locality, region, country, continent or the world. - JZ, 17.2.96, 22.6.00, 2.813. - VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIALITY, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, WORLD GOVERNMENTS & WORLD FEDERATIONS PANARCHISM

FEDERALISM: To retain autonomy for branches and sub-groups, not the federation but the branches and groups ought to collect the membership fees and use them at their discretion, paying to the federation only for those services which they do want from it, selected from a price list of services offered by the federation. Moreover, members should have the choice of being members of the local group or of the federation only, expressing that by the direction of their contributions. To imitate in private and idealistic associations, especially in anarchistic and libertarian ones, the wrongs, false pretences and irrationalities of territorial States is not acceptable to individuals who love freedom, justice and peace. - No federation should have a monopoly for the supply of certain services, unless it is granted to it by all the adult and rational individuals involved. Outsourcing should be allowed to branches as well. Consumer sovereignty should be respected even within libertarian organizations! It was not, e.g. within the Australian libertarian “Workers Party”. It, too, had an authoritarian federal constitution. If they can't stand voluntarism and competition in every sphere they wish to operate in, then they ought to fail. - JZ, 27.4.89 & 22.6.00, 2.8.13. - DECENTRALIZATION, AUTONOMY & FINANCE

FEDERALISM: Today we have a central government whose powers are the opposite of "few and defined" and which, far from being limited by the states, treats them as financial dependents and administrative serves. (Federal aid to state and local governments has mushroomed from $ 7 billion in 1960 to $ 96 billion in the latest budget.)” - William E. Simon: A Time for Action, p.39. - FINANCE

FEDERALISM: Under federal taxation federalism and centralism soon amount to nearly the same. - JZ, 22.5.80, 14.12.08. - FEDERALISM OR CENTRALISM?

FEDERALISM: We do many things at the federal level that would be considered dishonest and illegal if done in the private sector.” – Donald T. Regan. - Luckily for it, a federal government has much power to cover up its crimes. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. – DISHONESTY

FEDERALISM: Were we directed from Washington when to sow, and when to reap, we should soon want of bread.” - Thomas Jefferson. - PLANNING

FEDERALISM: What is so big about territorial, coercive and monopolistic federalism except its tax burden and avalanche of illegible, unenforceable, confused and confusing and sometimes even out of print “avalanches” of laws? - JZ, 23.6.91. – The best of most territorial laws is that most of them remain unknown, unread and unenforced, most of the time and in most places, by most people. – JZ, 20.11.10. - ITS TAX BURDEN, LAWS, LEGISLATION

FEDERALISM: What was once a constitutional federal republic is now converted, in reality, into one as absolute as that of the autocrat in Russia, and as despotic in its tendency as any absolute government that ever existed.” - John C. Calhoun, Speech in the Senate, March 4, 1850. - Already OVER 150 years ago! – JZ, n.d. & 2.8.13.

FEDERALISM: Writing to Washington won’t help; he’s dead!” – Anonymous - APPEALING TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

FEEDBACK: Healthy organizations - such as those normally found in the marketplace - must not only respond to feedback, but, in order to enlarge upon their support, actively seek out such feedback in an effort better to plan their operations. (Product market surveys are an example of this effort.) The greater responsiveness of market organizations to feedback is not due to any greater sense of maturity on their part, but is dictated by the competitive nature of the market in which consumers are neither compelled to pay for the product of any given organization (as they are with tax-supported government organizations) nor prohibited from transferring their business from one organization to another.” - Butler D. Shaffer, Violence as Product of Imposed Order, p.27. – Panarchism would provide healthy feedback effects even in the sphere of politics and of whole social and economic systems, all only for their volunteers. – JZ, 14.12.08, 20.11.10. – So would any of its particular services and methods, e.g. free market monies and voluntary taxation and contribution schemes. – JZ, 2.8.13. - MARKET & BUSINESS

FEELING, GOOD, DO IT? If it feels good, do it.” - Jerry Rubin. - Many do-gooders as well as psychopathic criminals, with victims, do follow this "advice", instinctively, even without being told about it. - That it can become as popular, in its unqualified form, indicates the sorry state of our educational system. - JZ, 18.6.00. – VALUES, ETHICS, MORALITY, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, FEELINGS, EMOTIONS, PASSIONS

FEELINGS: You mustn't care what it looks like to others, you must be sure of how it FEELS to you!” - Karl Hess, quotes this as his mother's advice in Dear America, p.80. - When only your rights and your property are involved this is correct. Otherwise, their feelings ought to be taken into consideration as well. - JZ, n.d. & 18.6.00. – A typical mother’s advice, as if reason and individual rights and liberties need not be considered at all. I got very upset one day when my mother asserted that the main thing would be “thinking with the heart!” – JZ, 14.12.08. - INDEPENDENCE, OWN POINT OF VIEW, NEIGHBORS, OTHERS, SELF-RELIANCE, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

FEES FOR SERVICES: I distrust anybody who only takes donations and does not take fees. – D.Z., 7.2.79. - FEES VS. DONATIONS & CHARITY

FEES FOR SERVICES: I submit that the vast majority, if not all, of government functions could be performed on a fee-for service basis, so that no tax would be necessary to subsidize that function.” - JAG, Aug. 26, 1978. - PAY AS YOU GO, TAXATION, SUBSIDIES, GOVERNMENTS, VOLUNTARY TAXATION

FEES FOR SERVICES: Introduce competitive fees for all government services. … “ - Progress Party, Queensland, n.d. - If they were made competitive, with private and cooperative alternative services, then fees would not have to be introduced. Free pricing and subscriptions would follow naturally - for those services which people really want and are willing to pay for. - JZ, 2.2.02. - VOLUNTARY TAXATION VS. COMPULSORY TAXATION

FEES FOR SERVICES: there are things government just doesn't have to do and things that could be done on a fee-for-service basis.” - SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, Winter 75/76. - PAY AS YOU GO, BENEFICIARIES TO PAY, USER-PAYS PRINCIPLE, VOLUNTARY TAXATION

FEES: Besides,” one irate medico informed me, "medical fees can't be standardized and remain fair. No two appendectomies are identical. With some there are many complications; with others, virtually none. And the same applies to all medical and surgical cases. Fees cannot be made the same without gross abuse of the relationship between doctor and patient." - LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Sum. 75. – STANDARDIZED FEES

FEMINISM: After all, feminism was never about very much more than respecting people, understanding who individuals really are, and showing some real respect for their boundaries, their needs, their limitations, and so on. So when a guy asks me how to be a good feminist, I wonder how it can be that he can still need instruction on how to be a decent human being.” - Avedon Carol, in DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP, No. 10.

FEMINISM: Feminism is the paternalism of our time.” - Wendy McElroy, You've Slid a Long Way, Baby! in: L. K. Samuels, editor, Facets of Liberty, p.114. - PATERNALISM

FEMINISM: Feminists say 60 percent of the country's wealth is in the hands of women. They're letting men hold the other 40 percent because their handbags are full.” - Earl Wilson. - A. J. Nock pointed that out long before. Do they administer this enormous wealth any better than men do theirs? Have they kept it out of the hands of governments? Have they used it for peaceful and non-polluting production only? - JZ, 30.6.00.- WOMEN'S LIBERATION

FEMINISM: I myself have never been able to find out precisely what feminism is: I only know that people call me a feminist whenever I express sentiments that differentiate me from a doormat, or a prostitute.” - British novelist Rebecca West. – WOMEN’S LIBERATION, EQUALITY

FEMINISM: To date, female politicians have shown no discernible improvement over males.” - Ben Bova, editorial, ANALOG, 4/76.

FEMINISM: Very confusingly, this is either an anti-feminine movement (denigrating uncoerced female behaviour), or an anti-masculine movement (denigrating uncoercive male behaviour). This apparent contradiction is reconciled by realising that the motive for "feminism" is usually a procrustean dislike of sexual differences.” - J. C. Lester.

FESTIVALS: Festivals which are none.” - Kurt Tucholsky, Politische Texte, S.102. - OFFICIAL, CELEBRATIONS, HOLIDAYS

FESTIVALS: State financed and organized festivals etc. are not genuine festivals although paid-for performers go through the motions. - JZ, 17.10.92. - Merriment, happiness, enjoyment, etc. should not be subsidized and organized by governments, either. Are people really happy at such events? - JZ, 22.6.00. - FAIRS, EXHIBITIONS, ENTERTAINMENTS, ORGANIZED & FINANCED BY GOVERNMENTS

FETTERS: I renounce fetters though they be of gold.” - Quoted in POOR RICHARD. (Reniego de grillos.) – For instance: Any kind of “gold standard” should only be optional – i.e. only for those, who subscribed to it, individually. – JZ, 20.11.10.

FETTERS: We, who pay dearly for every breath of pure fresh air (*), must guard against the tendency to fetter the future.” - Emma Goldman. – (*) I do not get her meaning here. It would only be true in space. On Earth we do not as yet buy pure air but more or less put up with the somewhat polluted air, which we do get. – JZ, 10.3.13. - POTENTIALITIES, PROGRESS, EXPERIMENTS, FUTURE

FEUDALISM: Down with State Feudalism.” - Source? - THE MODERN STATE

FEUDALISM: Feudalism hasn't been abolished; it has been nationalized. - JZ, 2.11.78. – Also federalized, statized and municipalized! – JZ, 10.3.13, 2.8.13. - NATIONALIZED, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, LANDLORDISM ON A NATIONAL SCALE, NATIONALISM

FIAT MONEY: Any money competitively issued and subject to voluntary acceptance, refusals and discounting against its sound value standard, by all but the issuer, but, nevertheless, usually standing at par with its nominal value, expressed in a sound value standard, in all of its usual circulation area and always accepted at par by the issuer and his associates, e.g. a shop association bank, issuing goods- and service warrants with shop foundation and this in monetary denominations, is not a “fiat money”, regardless of what material it is made of, e.g. paper, plastic or cheap metals. It has readiness-to-accept foundation, or a sound debt and credit foundation, one which is equivalent to the amounts of it that are issued, and thus its reflux at par with its nominal value is assured. Only temporarily, in limited circles and outside of its normal circulation area will it suffer a discount against its nominal value. That discount then speeds up its reflux to the issuer and his associates, to those, who do have to accept it at par, like their own IOU’s and thus these depreciated money tokens rapidly disappear, together with their discount. All the other notes remain at par. One might compare it to the value of tickets to cinema or theatre performances or to transport entitlements. Electricity-, gas- and petrol supplies as well as transport capacities and readiness can also be honestly and effectively monetized in this way and, in some instances, already were. – JZ, 8.9.11, 25.2.12, 11.3.13. –  PAPER MONEY, MARKET MONEY MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING, COMPETITIVE NOTE ISSUE, STABLE VALUE RECKONING, REFLUX OR ACCEPTANCE FOUNDATION, GOODS WARRANTS, SERVICE VOUCHERS, SHOP FOUNDATION MONEY, LOCAL CURRENCY, ALTERNATIVE MONEY ISSUES, LEGAL TENDER: COMPULSORY ACCEPTANCE & A FORCED AND FICTITIOUS VALUE STANDARD.

FIAT MONEY: Since neither the expansion nor the contraction of fiat money imparts any social utility, we must conclude that Federal Reserve policies necessarily are disruptive to monetary stability. In particular, its frequent bursts of currency expansion, so popular with government officials, politicians and their beneficiaries, have given our age the characteristics of unprecedented monetary instability.” – Dr. Hans F. Sennholz, THE FREEMAN, 2/75. - This in spite of the fact that by their constitution central banks are usually charged with the task of stabilizing a national currency. Their monopoly and legal tender powers make this impossible. It is another case of the impossibility of proper price calculation under State Socialism, but one that is less explored, apart from the researches and publications of the German, Swiss and Jewish School of Monetary Freedom. - JZ, 18.6.00, 11.3.13. - CENTRAL BANKING, MONEY MONOPOLY, GOVERNMENT PAPER MONEY, INFLATION, CURRENCY STABILITY

FIAT MONEY: The Fiat Money Crisis: The Market, the Central Banks, and the Coming Monetary Breakdown — Mises Acad - - Only monopoly and legal tender paper money need the "restriction" of total prohibition, as a kind of monetary despotism, at least as a country-wide fraud or false pretense, imposed upon a whole population. Competitively supplied and accepted alternative currencies, free market rated, optional and refusable do not need any other restrictions. Under that kind of freedom the good or better monies drive out the bad or flawed ones. – JZ, 3.10.11, on Facebook. Revised: 11.3.13. – & CRISES, LEGAL TENDER, CENTRAL BANKING MONOPOLY MONEY, MONETARY DESPOTISM VS. FREE BANKING, FULL MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE CLEARING, FREE CHOICE OF VALUE STANDARDS, ONE MONOPOLIZED & FORCED CURRENCY OF A LEGALLY IMPOSED CENTRAL BANK CAUSES, THEREBY, ALSO A CAPITAL CRISIS, ONE AFTER THE OTHER & ALL  OF THEM ALL TOO PROLONGED, BECAUSE THE NATURAL CORRECTIONS BY AND FOR FREE MARKET MONIES ARE OUTLAWED UNDER CENTRAL BANKING. INFLATIONS, DEFLATION, STAGFLATIONS & THEIR INVOLUNTARY MASS UNEMPLOYMENT INSTEAD OF FREEDOM TO EXCHANGE GOODS, SERVICES & LABOR IN MONETARY, VOLUNTARY, TOLERANT & COMPETITIVE WAYS, GRESHAM’S LAW, PROPERLY UNDERSTOOD

FICA: FEDERAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTIONS ACT, USA: Who the hell is FICA and who said he could have any of my paycheck!” – From the movie Ferris Buehler’s Day Off. - FICA stands also for Food Industries Credit Association. - JZ

FIGHTING FOR FREEDOM: If we wish to be free … we must fight.” - Patrick Henry, Speech on Stamp Act. - The Nazis and Soviets and Red Chinese were also prepared to fight, in their wrong causes. Only a comprehensive liberation program is worth fighting for - and it could make most fighting superfluous, because most of the supposed enemies would come to subscribe to it themselves. - Often it is much harder to think and patiently work for freedom, preparing the best tools to spread enlightenment. How much lasting freedom has all the past and present freedom fighting brought us? What kind of organization, armament, warfare, strategy and tactics, weapons and ammunition would be ideal for freedom fighters? The science of fighting or struggling for freedom, using freedom ideas and practices as a weapon, has either not yet been sufficiently developed or publicized. - JZ, 18.6.00, 20.11.10. – DEFENCE, LIBERATION, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, FRATERNIZATION, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, WAR- & PEACE AIMS, ALLIANCE WITH THE SUPPRESSED PEOPLES RATHER THAN THEIR DICTATORS, WAR, PEACE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, DESERTION, PRISONERS OF WAR, MILITIA, WARFARE, AIR RAIDS, NON-COMBATANTS, POW TREATMENT

FIGHTING FOR FREEDOM: It is never too late to put up a fight for freedom.” - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax, p.122. - Even if you should lose, fighting against overwhelming odds, your example might inspire many others, like the battle of a few Spartans at Thermophylae did, for centuries. - JZ, 18.6.00. - TOO LATE TO FIGHT?

FIGHTING FOR FREEDOM: The only people who deserve to be free are those who are willing to fight for it. The fight for freedom is being waged all around you. Millions are involved and we need your help.” - Rene Baxter. - Is there already a single, genuine and consistent libertarian freedom fighter, consistently armed and trained and motivated, in existence in the whole world? Does a single comprehensive textbook for such a struggle exist already? - Fighting for libertarianism should be done in a libertarian way only, not in a statist and territorialist or authoritarian way. What that implies should be of interest to libertarians. But, can they be bothered to find out about it? - Most “freedom fighters” of the past and present do not really deserve that term. - JZ, 18.6.00. – Should babies and infants have to fight for their liberty, too or is that a job for their parents or guardians? – JZ, 13.3.13. – LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, RESISTANCE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, FRATERNIZATION, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES WITH PANARCHISTIC GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE

FIGHTING FOR FREEDOM: The truth is you did not fight for what was right.” - Zarlenga, The Orator, poem: Fear of being good. - FIGHTING & RIGHTS, MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS, RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS

FIGHTING FOR FREEDOM: There is such a thing as a man being too proud to fight.” - Thomas Wilson. - O.K., as long as it is not the type of pride, which Socrates and other martyrs had. - JZ, 18.11.78. - Are most libertarians also too proud or disinterested to learn what libertarian warfare, defence, liberation and revolution could and should really mean and how they could prevent most wars or reduce them to mere police actions against a minority of powerful or violent criminals? - JZ, 18.6.00, - PRIDE, NON-VIOLENCE, WAR AIMS, DESERTION, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, MASS FRATERNIZATION, MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS

FIGHTING FOR FREEDOM: We only have one go at life. At least your one go should be worth some kind of fight. Otherwise you're already dead and no one even noticed you come. Or go.” – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.113. - Just any kind of fighting should not do for genuine libertarians. It should be a libertarian, i.e. liberating and defensive kind of fighting only, against genuine enemies of liberty only instead of an indiscriminate ones against whole populations, which are the primary victims of a despotic and aggressive regime. What that means, in practice, should be of more interest to libertarians than it has been so far. The Statists have their military academies and schools for revolutionaries and secret agents. Where are the equivalents for libertarians and their text-books for such efforts? - JZ, 18.6.00, 13.3.13. – RESISTANCE, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, MILITARY INSURRECTION, FRATERNIZATION, PANARCHISTIC GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE AS NATURAL ALLIES

FIGHTING FOR FREEDOM: Whether a fight for freedom will be crowned with success, is less important than the fight itself, for if nothing comes of it, the improvement in the spirit of the fighters will be a gain, and they cannot help but keep alive the values that will make America a better climate for their offspring to live in.” - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax, … p.128. - But we should thoroughly explore what has made or could make fights for freedom successful, what resources, talents, references, literature services, dictionaries and encyclopedias, alternative media etc. would be helpful and should be compiled, published and made as cheaply, widely and permanently available as possible. - JZ, 18.6.00. - SUCCESS OR FAILURE

FIGHTING FOR LIBERTY: Even a losing fight for liberty is worthwhile, for there is always the profit of self-respect to be had.” - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, A Byzantine Empire of the West? p.349. - Not readiness to fight for freedom is important but readiness to fight for it in a libertarian way. And this readiness shines presently largely by its absence, even by the absence of interest in these options. - Is there self-respect involved when one has not prepared oneself mentally and physically for a truly liberating struggle against the real enemies only? - Macho-ism and technical expertise are not enough - for freedom fighters, although they may be good enough for professional soldiers and mercenaries. - JZ, 18.6.00, 20.11.10.

FIGHTING: 80,000 people paid $ 800,000 to see 12 rounds of "wrestling" between 2 alleged fighters, Wills & Firpo. … On the same day they received $ 150,000 cash for 36 minutes embracing while we released on half salary General Pershing, who had spend 42 years fighting for his country … So if you are thinking of taking up fighting as a career, why, be sure and FIGHT FOR YOURSELF INSTEAD OF FOR YOUR COUNTRY…” - Will Rogers. - Was general Pershing really fighting for his country? How many countrymen and foreigners did he kill in the process? How high was his normal pay until retirement and his half-pay afterwards? How high was it compared with those of a private, who actually did, as opposed to the General, some physical front-line fighting? Have the generals been successful in preventing or shortening wars and reducing bloodshed and destructions or have they been, as a rule, as inadequate or even guilty, as the politicians have been? The fighters in the ring rarely kill themselves and never any innocent spectators. They provide entertainment, for pay, from volunteers. The generals, too often, and too easily and thoughtlessly, disposed of the lives of conscripts on the own side and on the other side. - JZ, 24.6.00. - SPORTS, SOLDIERS, GENERALS

FIGHTING: But arguments don't mean we, the Chinese, the Russians, anybody has to fight. Least of all fight with weapons that won't leave much to quarrel about, afterward. We could, uh, settle somehow. Live and let life, Except we don't. Why? Because we are crazy….” - Poul Anderson, Dialogue with Darkness, p.12. – Are we crazy enough not to explore further why we really do fight or are forced to fight? - One should imagine that at least anarchists and libertarians would bother to answer this question thoroughly. But do they? - JZ, 25.6.00. – TERRITORIALISM, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, WAR- & PEACE AIMS, Q.

FIGHTING: But they've fucked it all up with typical left-wing hatred trips. They haven't mastered the Gita: the art of fighting with a loving heart.” - Wilson / Shea, Illuminatus II, p.30. - Libertarians could and should induce mass fraternization, mass desertion, military insurrections and revolutions, rather than engaging merely in conventional fighting, aiming to kill or wound as many of the enemy regime's conscripts as they can, or imprisoning them, as if they were not also victims to be liberated. - Panarchistic war and peace aims - and warfare methods - could turn most nominal enemies into allies or at least neutrals. E.g., through recognizing all kinds of governments in exile, all only for their volunteers. - Explore how an ideal libertarian volunteer militia for the protection of individual rights should be structured, trained, armed and fight. – Explore also, record and publish all genuine individual rights and liberties in an ideal declaration of them. Explore further, how to almost instantly turn millions of POWs, deserters and refugees into productively employed and thus well paid associates, as members of their self-chosen and exterritorially autonomous communities, if they want these for themselves. - Any idiot can get into ordinary bloody fighting. - JZ, 18.7.00, 20.11.10. - LOVE, HATRED & LIBERATION, TOLERANCE, PANARCHISM, WARFARE, DES., WAR AIMS, TURNING CAPTIVE NATIONS & PEOPLE INTO ALLIES OR NEUTRALS, DESERTION, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, MILITIA, RIGHTFUL DEFENCE, LIBERATION, WAR & PEACE AIMS, APPEALS, UNILATERAL PEACE DECLARATIONS, POW TREATMENT, DESERTION, FRATERNIZATION, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES FOR THE VICTIMS RATHER THAN THE VICTIMIZERS

FIGHTING: Fighting don't get the work done.” - From film: Will Penny. Not enough libertarian education or enlightenment went on during WW I & WW II or during strikes. – JZ, 14.12.08. - FIGHTING VS. WORK

FIGHTING: Fighting for peace is like fucking for virginity.” - Seen in Covent Garden. - However, non-resistance to aggression does not bring true peace, either. - JZ, 10.5.89. - A voluntary militia for the protection of individual human rights would neither fight like a mercenary army nor like one of fanatic totalitarians. - One can fight to promote peace and liberty and also to promote war and oppression. - JZ, 25.6.92. - It makes a great deal of difference whether one is fighting to uphold the own individual rights and liberties or is forced to fight for the purposes of some power monger. A condition in which individual rights and liberties are upheld is a condition of peace and to uphold it, if necessary, against an aggressor, with sufficient and justified force, amounts to "fighting for peace". - Decisive is not whether one is fighting at all or not but whether a fight is justified and sensible, i.e., for a fundamental right and effective in protecting it or against a fundamental right and effective in suppressing it. - Fighting powerful warmongers and their powers makes sense, too. The difference between the different kinds of fighting is as great as that between rape and love-making. Virginity isn't a natural condition for all or for long. - JZ, 22.6.00. - WAR, PEACE, MILITIAS, STANDING ARMIES

FIGHTING: If we would rise above the squabbles and the conflicts with their destructive results, we must see how much candle-power of our own we can generate. My counsel to concerned individuals is to stay out of the fight and get into the game; either brighten up or forget the whole think. There is fun in making the first choice - serious but sportive - and in it lies the only hope for freedom.” - Leonard E. Read, Who's Listening? - Maybe we need a war-game on the Internet that would include all the libertarian ways of avoiding or quickly winning a war against the real enemies only. For many points to be included in such a program see PEACE PLANS 16-18 & 61-63, online at & - JZ, 18.6.00. - GAME, PLAY, ENLIGHTENMENT, MOTIVES FOR WAR, LIBERTARIAN, DEFENSIVE & LIBERATING KINDS OF WARFARE

FIGHTING: It is a perplexing and unpleasant truth that when men already have “something worth fighting for” they do not feel like fighting.” - Eric Hoffer. – It is too early to generalize on this - as long as no one has as yet known, appreciated and enjoyed all his individual rights and liberties. People who really have them all would, probably, be very jealous of them and also be prepared to fight for them - if that should really become necessary, even then. With all rights and liberties on their side - and sensibly utilized in their kind of defensive, revolutionary and liberating warfare - much fighting could be avoided and many victories could be gained almost without bloodshed. But the limited liberties and rights conceded by territorial governments - and their all too limited or wrongful war aims and warfare methods - do not inspire much enthusiasm to fight for them. Who hasn’t as yet been outvoted as yet on many points by his “countrymen”? Who hasn’t as yet been exploited by them through taxation? – JZ, 23.1.08, 11.3.13. - LIBERTY, DEMOCRACY, TERRITORIALISM, WARS, AGGRESSION, DEFENCE

FIGHTING: Our problem is not getting into the fight but into the play. The more players the better. Serious but sportive. - Slogans from FEE . - With the machinery for libertarian enlightenment properly developed and made to function, not much need for fighting need remain in most cases. Without it only another bloody and useless civil war might result. - JZ, 18.6.00. - FIGHTING VS. PLAYING FOR LIBERTY, ENLIGHTENMENT, EDUCATION, IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTARIAN ELECTRONIC LIBRARY & ENCYCLOPEDIA, TURNING TOTAL WAR INTO RIGHTFUL POLICING ACTIONS, TYRANNICIDE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, REVOLUTIONS, LIBERATION

FIGHTING: The Irish don't know what they want and are prepared to fight to the death to get it.” - Sir Sidney Littlewood, President of the Law Society, Speech, 13 April 1961. - If both sides bothered to try to define their rightful war aims, without uncritically clinging to territorialism, that war, too, could be ended soon. - JZ, 22.6.00. – Not only the Irish “freedom-fighters” do lack quite rightful war aims and sufficient interest in their panarchistic alternatives. – JZ, 14.12.08, 11.3.13. - WAR AIMS, TERRITORIALISM, FREEDOM FIGHTERS, PROGRAM

FIGHTING: The person who has nothing for which he is willing to fight, nothing which is more important than his own personal safety, is a miserable creature, and will never be free unless made and kept so by the exertions of better men than himself. - John Stewart Mill. - Maybe THE SENTIENT, with this quote, may have meant John Stuart Mill, but this sentence does not sound like the latter. - JZ – Will anybody bother to search the digitized works of JSM for this quote? – JZ, 2.8.13. - VALUES, DEFENCE, PROTECTION

FIGHTING: the support of the right against the wrong is worth fighting for.” - Ernest Benn, This Soft Age. - Or at least organizing, training and arming and resisting, by civil defence measures, by disobedience, secessions, tax strikes, refusals to accept government paper money, tyrannicide, sabotage, dissent, publicity and military jiu-jitsu. Also via the declaration of rightful war and peace aims, recognizing government in exile, all only for their volunteers, proposing separate peace treaties, even unilaterally and over the heads of the governments involved. Furthermore, by rightful treatment of deserters and refugees as neutrals or allies and by the encouragement of liberating revolutions and military insurrections, i.e. by providing good programs for them, most if not all fighting can be avoided. - JZ, 27.7.93 & 22.6.00, 2.8.13.

FIGHTING: There is an Arab proverb to the effect that he who strikes the second blow starts the fight. Ignorance stands ever ready, and all about us, to strike the first blow. However, we need not strike back by projecting our own ignorance - by insisting on points we cannot soundly explain. Short of an ability to explain our beliefs in an attractive, enlightening and truth-serving manner, there is always the friendly alternative of silence.” - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.140. - Working towards e.g. a growing libertarian encyclopedia, ideas archive, collection of all the diverse definitions, best refutations (DIS. – DIS NOTES), best ways of wording replies (RED - REDENSARTEN), bibliographies, abstracts, reviews, a comprehensive libertarian publishing and library and book service, using all affordable media in their strength, as well as the experimental freedom or panarchistic approach, could help more than mere silence. - JZ, 18.6.00. – If it was just a bearable blow and no further and worse ones are likely to follow immediately, one might just ask e.g.: “Now, what does that prove?” – JZ, 14.12.08, - ARGUMENTS, DISPUTES, TOLERANCE, SILENCE, REVENGE, RETALIATION, VIOLENT REACTION, RED., EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM & FREE CHOICES IN ALL SPHERES, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, ENLIGHTENMENT, APPEALS

FIGHTING: To say that man shall not fight is to degrade life, if not to deny the right to live at all. But to say that man shall not fight for unworthy motives is an appeal to the higher and better things of life.” - Ernest Benn, This Soft Age, p.126. - As U. v. Beckerath suggested, man should not allow himself to be used to fight for the purposes of others, but, instead, should fight, if at all, only for his own rights and liberties, should that become necessary. - JZ, 22.6.00, 2.8.13. - WAR AIMS, FORCE, NONVIOLENCE, SELF-DEFENCE, DEFENCE, AGGRESSION

FIGHTING: We hear a great deal about "fighting for freedom" as if success depended upon warlike skills. On the contrary, the very first step toward freedom and its advancement is to cease one's own belligerent tactics. Initially, such a step would have the effect of silencing most freedom protagonists. Were this miracle accomplished, freedom would then have only her enemies to guard against.” - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.98. - Who, once he has understood it, would fight against the ones who uphold and practice principle: "To each the government or free society of his or her dreams!"? - JZ, 181.6.00. Especially when it is already partly realized by recognizing exterritorially autonomous governments in exile, of all kinds, and thereby allowing those formed by refugees and deserters full exterritorial autonomy for all their volunteers. – We could not have better allies against all despotic enemy regimes. – JZ, 20.11.10. - BELLIGERENCE, OFFENSIVENESS, TACTICS, WARFARE, ASYLUM, REFUGEES, DESERTERS, POWs, GOVERMENTS IN EXILE, IN FORM OF PANARCHIES, WARFARE, MILITIA, DECISION-AKING MONOPOLY, WAR- & PEACE AIMS, LIBERATION IN STEAD OF UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, MUTINIES, REVOLUTIONS

FIGURES: Big figures and little minds don't fit.” - Ernest Benn, speech, 23.1.1931, quoted in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.153. - STATISTICS, FACTS, BUDGET

FIIT PARTY: Fuck it, I've Finished." - Slogan of disgruntled sailors who mutinied on the battle cruiser Australia in 1919 and formed the FIIT Party. - THE AUSTRALIAN, 3.2.72, p. 9. – Many territorial governments cannot even demobilize their forces fast enough – after a war has ended. Another sign, which indicates that they are territorial power addicts. – JZ, 11.3.13. – POWER, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, DESERTION, DEFECTION, MUTINIES, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, REVOLUTIONS

FILMS & TV: Why do film and TV stories teach so little? Rather than getting bored while watching them, I would like them to be so crammed full of ideas, not only "actions", so that many people would want to see them several times, like they do listen several times to good music, in order to see, hear and understand all that is offered. - Ideally, my microfiche film cards should be filled like that. But then I do have only a limited quantity of information to offer as an individual. - JZ, 6.9,84, 27.9.84, 19.6.00, 20.11.10. – Imagine how much in worthwhile freedom, peace and justice texts we could now place, very cheaply, onto a single CD, DVD or external 1TB disc drive! Potentially, a complete freedom library - on every desk! – JZ, 20.11.10.

FINANCE PLAN: All government possessions should be distributed before an election through the issue of special securities against which the expenses of the libertarian campaigners are to be claimed like a first mortgage. - JZ, n.d. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Buy liberty bonds from the W.P. (L.P.), redeemable out of the State's assets after the day of liberation. - Before the next election provide every voter at least with a promise to his general share in all government assets, issue the general share after the election is won and then arrange to make it exchangeable for specific government assets securities. - JZ, 2/75, 19.6.00. & LIBERTY BONDS OF A LIBERTARIAN PARTY

FINANCE PLAN: Campaigns founded on love and kindness and charity flop. Campaigns on a firm commercial basis succeed.” - J. T. McIntosh, This is the Way the World Begins, p.202. - CHARITY & BUSINESS, COMPREHENSIVE PRIVATIZATION, PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Citizens, who realize how large their involuntary investment in the bureaucracy is, will soon lose much of their submissiveness and will come to insist on controlling their share themselves - and will thus promote all necessary steps towards the complete liquidation of the coercive and monopolistic territorial bureaucracy. - JZ, 12.4.79, 2.8.13. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Every Australian is basically a part owner of all the public assets in Australia. See him and treat him as such and your financial worries are over. - JZ, n.d. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Every citizen should be given a formal promise to his share in the national assets, less the expenses of a liberating libertarian party engaged in bringing this transformation about, rightfully and publicly distributing all government assets and liquidating all coercive and monopolistic bureaucracies. - JZ, n.d. & 2.8.13. - The new owners could then do with their assets as they please, establishing private, cooperative or new competing government enterprises at their own expense and risk. The whole taxation and spending apparatus of governments would have to be liquidated at the same time and replaced by whatever arrangements voluntary communities, which are only exterritorially autonomous, want to make for themselves. - JZ, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Expropriate the bureaucrats. - JZ, 26.7.87. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Fight the bureaucrats and politicians with their funds and assets! - JZ, n.d., & 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: general expropriation of the expropriators - including the state. …"- Anarcho-Syndicalists, Russia, Nov. 1918. - For them the expropriation of the State was only an afterthought. Their main aim was to expropriate private owners. And they want to replace the State by their syndicalistic structure of another "State". - Primarily re-privatize the property of the governmental expropriators and mis-managers - by the free distribution of corresponding shares to the citizen-shareholders of any country. - JZ, 28.6.92 & 26.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C. – It is online at should be, digitized, on one of the CDs of mine that Christian Butterbach put online at www.butterbach.nett/lmp/cd2/– JZ, 20.11.10.

FINANCE PLAN: Governments have claimed all the land in the world. Now we can claim all the government land. - 7.10.76. - The sooner the better. All its other real estate and other assets as well, which they so far withheld from us and financed out of the tributes extracted from us. - JZ, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: How can be put back into society, through some system of economics, the wealth which has been taken out of society by another system of economics?” - Proudhon, in S. Edwards, Proudhon, 151. See: PEACE PLANS 19C: Let Freedom Pay Its Way…

FINANCE PLAN: If taxation is theft then this theft must not only be stopped but the stolen property must be returned, to the extent that it still exists in governmental assets. It would be absurd to allow the thief to sell this treasure to its rightful owners, his victims, as most re-privatization schemes envision or practise. - JZ, 12.4.79 & 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: If you really want Australia for the Australians - then give each Australian his share (in all the public assets in Australia). - JZ, 7.2.79, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: In reality, the idea of public property or common ownership is erroneous. It implies that every citizen owns an equal share of property, which is publicly owned. But no individual now does really own and control any part of public property. It one doubts this fact then let him attempt to claim his share and try to sell it, and then have this upheld in any court. As F.A. Harper points out: "The corollary of the right of ownership is the right of dis-ownership. So if I cannot sell a thing, it is evident that I do not really own it." (F. A. Harper, Liberty, a Path to Its Recovery, FEE, 1949, p.106.) - Thus all public property is simply the property of the rulers in power in the government at any one time. They alone have control over it and are the real owners of it. (JZ: Yes, like Hitler owned all of Germany, Stalin all of Russia and Mao all of China!) - THE FREEMAN, August 1975. (You look up who wrote this! Better still, spend time on rethinking what has been said here. The writer did not advance from analysis of the practical situation (e.g.: "possession is 90% of the law") to what could and should be done about it, in a capitalistic, private and cooperative way, to transform this government ownership and control of huge public assets into privately or cooperatively owned assets, without private people or cooperators having to pay the government, i.e., the politicians and bureaucrats, anything for it. Morally the people are the owners and they can and should take the steps to make them also economically, legally and juridically the owners. The first step towards this is to think and act already like owners and controllers of all these assets and to use their votes accordingly. - The prizes involved for every citizen as so large that a little "brain-sweat" would be a good investment. - See my guide in PP19C. - JZ, 19.6.00.

FINANCE PLAN: Invest in liberty. Buy a liberty bond of the W.P. - JZ, 2/75. - Assuming that the libertarian Workers Party would be engaged in turning all government assets to Australians, in form of transferable securities, with Liberty Bond issues constituting its commission for this brokerage service. - JZ, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Let me sell my share in Australia Fair. Any bidder? - JZ, 1974. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Let's enter the business of freedom promotion. - JZ, n.d. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Liberty need not cost you wealth. It could bring you wealth. - JZ, 20.5.76. - In the case of Australia ca. 1 million A $'s in capital assets now mismanaged by bureaucrats and politicians. - Who could offer their victims more? - JZ, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Market all government assets and dissolve all government privileges so that citizen power can replace political power. - JZ, 2.2.76. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Morally, you own your share in this damned country. Find out what it is worth. Do no longer leave it in the hands of politicians and bureaucrats, who would continue to tax you heavily for the mismanagement of these, your assets. - JZ, 20.5.76, 13.4.79, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Outwit the socialists, … out-maneuver the bureaucrats, the communists ….” - Dr. Harry D. Schultz, REASON, 6/76. - Offer the voters and taxpayers their share in all government assets. Expropriate the real expropriators! - JZ, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Perhaps one should leave it to the leave it to the unconventional initiative of criminal minds to work towards the ca. 1 A $ million that each Australian morally already owns in governmental capital assets, but not yet literally possesses and controls, in transferable securities and that could be gained for each Australian via the rightful and peaceful expropriation of the politicians and bureaucrats. In anticipation of this expropriation each Australian could and should be handed over his general share in these assets before the next federal election, even if this were legally possible only in form of a promise to make such a contract with each Australian, after a libertarian caretaker government has been elected for this purpose. Most other people do not think big and unconventional enough in their acquisition drives. - JZ, 7.9.87. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Privatize all government assets and give each subject his share in the remaining public assets. - JZ, 17.9.89. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Put the public capital into the hands of the people. Take it, at last, out of the hands of the bureaucrats. - JZ, 28.6.80. - Via the legal or illegal issue of a special kind of security, regarding all these assets as its assets, a libertarian party could get an overwhelming election victory - and finance it, too. - JZ, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Remove property from the hands of the public robbers and return it to its rightful owners - and charge properly for this service, all the costs involved in this transaction. - JZ, 28.10.75. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Sell the government? Who needs it? People would be better off disposing of its assets themselves and directly. Not by selling them as now, to some private people, with bureaucrats and politicians pocketing, at least temporarily, all or much of the proceeds, but by an advance distribution of all these assets, at least by promises to make a corresponding contract, with all citizens, one a libertarian party is voted into office with such a program. That is the essence of the "finance plan" in PEACE PLANS 19C. - JZ, 4.5.79 & 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Slaves have a claim against their former slave masters. We have the same claim against the politicians and bureaucrats. They sit on enormous assets - administered and mismanaged by them in our name and, nominally, for our benefit. - Sack them all and claim all these assets yourselves, in an orderly, capitalistic and free enterprise way, via corresponding security issues distributed freely among yourselves. - JZ, 20.5.76, 19.6.00. - STATE SLAVERY, ANTICIPATING THE PRIVATIZATION OF ALL PUBLIC ASSETS BY CORRESPONDING SECURITIES, PEACE PLANS 19 C. Zipped 341 KB by email from me, until it is online or on a CD. – JZ, 14.12.08.

FINANCE PLAN: The "freedom now!" proposal can be realized by libertarians. It can only be realized by libertarians - provided they know their libertarianism. - JZ, 20.6.76. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: The aim is to turn our informal and collectivistic and non-transferable moral titles into a formal, individual and freely transferable one and to cover the brokerage and campaign costs involved with part of this liberated wealth. - JZ, n.d. & 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: The decision about the financing of any institution inescapably determines the shape and content of that institution.” - Gary North, THE FREEMAN, 5/76, 264. - The same could be said about the "de-financing" of any institution, like a territorial government. Among other things, this would require a tax strike, the introduction of voluntary contribution schemes among the succeeding volunteer communities, the refusals to accept the government's monopoly money, its substitution by the monies of monetary freedom, the repudiation of all government debt certificates as investments in tax slavery and the issue of new kinds of securities that would give all citizens their shares in the former territorial government assets. - JZ, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: The Futures Market should be used by freedom lovers to sell the future values they aim to achieve, namely all the capital assets now in government hands, transformed into private assets. They could anticipate these assets by special and very speculative securities of their own, realizing their present market value and using at least part of the proceeds for their enlightenment campaigns towards their victory. - JZ, 18.9.99, 30.1.02. - See PEACE PLANS 19c. - FUTURES MARKET, PRIVATIZATION, DENATIONALIZATION

FINANCE PLAN: The only cure: The simple lesson to be learned, if it is not too late, is that the only way to build a stable free society is on the basis of sound finance. (*) In broad terms this means that the income and expenditure accounts of the public sector should be approximately in balance. Government spending must be cut back to what can be covered by revenue, except to the extent that genuine borrowing may be prudently relied upon.” - A. A. Walters, in the anthology: 1985, An Escape from Orwell’s 1984, ed. by Dr. Rhodes Boyson, p. 7. - (*) So far, so good, but then he continues with a very limited outlook over our options. - Why tolerate the continuance of a public sector at all, which would mean the continuance of its monopolies, mismanagement and of compulsory taxation to pay for its messes? No more tax slavery, either and no more investment in tax slaves via "government securities"! Rather, declare the governments, at their 3 major levels and including all its QUANGOs [Quasi-Autonomous Non-Government Organizations], bankrupt and distribute all their assets to all their citizens, with only a brokerage charge for making this transition. This brokerage charge could be raised by a libertarian party realizing this program, winning the election by it and financing its campaign with it. It would have to issue corresponding securities also ultimately redeemable in securities in former government assets. For details see PEACE PLANS 19c. - Such a plan could win over even State Socialists in a country where they constitute ca. half the voters, for with their shares of capitals assets in their own hands they could, among themselves, establish whatever kind of State  Socialism or other kind of socialism, which they do like, at their own expense and risk, without any politician's or bureaucrat's permission. - JZ, 19.6.00. - CUTTING EXPENDITURES, BALANCING THE BUDGETS, REDUCING TAXES, RE-PRIVATIZING SOME GOVERNMENT ASSETS - OR ALL OF THEM, IN ONE RIGHTFUL STROKE? – PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: They sat in the stunned immobility of a poverty-stricken man who has been told, without warning, that he is a millionaire.” - Mark Clifton and Frank Riley, They'd Rather Be Right, ASTOUNDING SF, Nov. 1954, p. 130. - In one case, I saw on TV, they laughed about the idea, as being just too ridiculous to be taken serious. – An Accountant had told them that if the dead heart of Australia were sold, and all moved to the coastal areas only, all Australians could be millionaires. – Compare my proposal in PEACE PLANS 19 C to share out among all Australians all the capital assets presently mismanaged on their behalf. by the territorial governments. In this way, too, all Australians could be millionaires. - JZ, 3.2.02. - BIG IDEAS, RADICAL IDEAS, NON-COMPREHENSION, PRIVATISATION

FINANCE PLAN: This country does not belong to the government. This country belongs to the people.” - Rene Baxter, FREEDOM TODAY, 9/75. – Only when they manage to get its individual shares into every individual’s hands! – JZ, 14.12.08. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: This is our country, yours and mine. If we're not running it, it's only because we've allowed someone else to do it for us.” - Rene Baxter, FREEDOM TODAY, 9/75. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: To recognize the assets controlled by governments as the government's properties, which the governments might dispose of by sales, is one of the worst instances of the sanction of the victims. Only proper individualization of these collectivized assets can solve the problem. - JZ, 12.4.79. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: We will have as much freedom as we are willing to take, make or finance. - JZ, n.d. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: We would mobilize, by means of credit, all the assets of our enemies - provided only our efforts are creditable - and thus practise something like a financial ju jitsu, which would turn the enemy's financial strength against him. - JZ, 1979. - A FINANCIAL JIU-JITSU: PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCE PLAN: Wipe out, then, these feudal robbers - the whole race of kings, and queens, and nobles, and all their accomplices in every grade of life, and take possession of all the spoils, which they and their predecessors have wrung from you and your ancestors. Put an end to their Parliaments and Courts. Blot out forever their statute books. They contain little or nothing else than the records of their villainies. Free England and Ireland, and thus all the rest of the empire, of the tyrants and robbers that are plundering, enslaving, and crushing and starving you.” - Lysander Spooner on the Irish Revolution, Works I, p. 10. - What would he have written today on our power mongers and the properties they withhold from us? - JZ, 19.6.00. - THE LIBERTARIAN REFORMATION OR REVOLUTION.


FINANCING LIBERTARIANISM: Either via indemnity claims, bankruptcy or private re-privatization procedures - citizens should become private, individual or voluntarily associated owners of all public assets. - JZ, 21.6.84. - Before a general election a libertarian party could e.g. offer each citizen a general share in all such assets, to be converted, after its election victory as a trustee company for this program, in the particular securities representing particular government assets. - JZ, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCING THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE: The more State Socialism has "advanced", the more wealth becomes available for its overthrow, with its overthrow and, if we are game enough to do so the capitalistic way, by anticipating this wealth through issuing suitable take-over-bid securities, in form of promises to deliver them, once we are elected as trustees and liberators. - JZ, n.d., 1975? 2.8.13 – PEACE PLANS 19 C VS. STATE SOCIALISM, MIXED ECONOMY & THE WELFARE STATE, LIBERATION, LIBERTARIAN REVOLUTION, EXPROPRIATING THE DICTATORSHIPS FOR THE BENEFITS OF THEIR VCTIMS

FINANCING THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE: The only kind of redistribution scheme that does make sense and that could finance libertarian efforts is the one that would re-distribute all the public assets that politicians and bureaucrats now mismanaged in our name, at first only with corresponding promise-certificates, promising to do this, once our trustee-libertarian-party has been elected. - JZ, 3.12.82, 19.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C.

FINANCING THE LIBERATION: Expropriate the official expropriators - and financially anticipate this rightful expropriation by the issue of corresponding securities or promises to issue them as soon as you are elected as a trustee for the execution of this program. - JZ, 9.10.99 & 14.6.00. - For some details see PEACE PLANS 19 c.

FINANCING: Based upon immoral financing no moral education, welfare or loan system is possible. - JZ, 4.9.85.

FINANCING: I hope to read my title clear to mansions in the skies…” - Quoted by Edgar Pangborn, in: The Company of Glory. - The more assets politicians and bureaucrats have accumulated in their hands, the more property will be liberated on D-Day. These assets can act as ultimate redemption funds for promises or securities issued by a libertarian party and the liberty bonds it has issued to finance its struggle in advance, during an election campaign. - JZ, 19.6.00, 2..8.13. Libertarian revolutions could, likewise, be financed in this way. – JZ, 20.11.10. - FINANCING A LIBERTARIAN PARTY TO VICTORY See PEACE PLANS 19c. – TAXATION, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

FINANCING: Nations seldom realize till too late how prominent a place a sound system of finance holds among the vital elements of national stability and well-being; how few political changes are worth purchasing by its sacrifice; how widely and seriously human happiness is affected by the downfall or the perturbation of national credit, of by excessive, injudicious, and unjust taxation.” - W. E. H. Lecky, quoted in C. Bingham, Men & Affairs, p.19. - National stability isn't necessarily desirable, nor is national credit. Moreover, is there such a thing as "just" taxation of involuntary subjects? - Is there any territorial government that has not discredited itself by its financing methods? Was there ever any in the past? - JZ, 20.6.00. - PEACE PLANS 19 C., INFLATION, TAXATION, HISTORY, STABILITY, INSTABILITY, Q.

FINANCING: The decision about the financing of any institution inescapably determines the shape and content of that institution.” - Gary North, THE FREEMAN, 5/76. – FINANCIAL FREEDOM & VOLUNTARISM VS. TAXATION, REGULATIONS, LEGISLATION

FINE TUNING: Scholars who most carefully watch federal fine-tuning believe it has, in practice, fueled the booms and deepened the recessions. As I write this, the final effect of this intricate, mechanical design to avoid inflation and recession has produced both. Two dozen monetary alchemists have been summoned to Washington to devise a prescription that will undo the awful consequences of their prior manipulations. For now we have inflation and stagnation at the same time. The conventional cure for either one will aggravate the other.” – Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.69. , INFLATION, CENTRAL BANKING, TREASURY POLICY, ECONOMIC CRISES, INFLATIONS, DEFLATIONS, RECESSIONS, STAGFLATIONS, DISCOUNT & INTEREST RATE POLICIES

FINE TUNING: We have it on the testimony of a competent authority who was by no means unsympathetic to those modern aspirations that, during the recent decade 1962-1972, when the believers in a "fine tuning" of monetary policy had an influence which we must hope they will never have again, the larger part of the fluctuations were a consequence of budgetary and monetary policy. And it is certainly impossible to claim that the period since the abandonment of the semi-automatic regulation of the quantity of money has generally been more stable or free from monetary disturbances than the period of the gold standard or fixed rates of exchange.” - Hayek, Denationalization of Money, p.78. – Can one “fine-tune” all the reading, freedom, of expression and arts activity in a whole country? To fine-tune all exchanges and all production via central manipulation of a monopoly exchange media and its imposed “value standard” would be even more impossible. And yet central banking is being continued on that quite false assumption. – JZ, 14.12.08. - MONETARY POLICY, CENTRAL BANKING, MONETARY DESPOTISM, PLANNING, STATE SOCIALISM, KEYNESIANISM

FIRE DEPARTMENTS: In the United States, there are commercial fire departments in several states. The country’s largest is Rural Metro Fire Department, which serves Scottsdale and thirteen other Arizona communities at about half the cost of conventional government-run services.” - Richard Cornuelle, Healing America, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1983, p. 191/92.

FIRE-FIGHTING: To monopolize even fire-fighting must be one of the most wrongful and stupid monopolies. At least in Australia this monopoly claim and practice is gradually breaking down again, with voluntary fire brigades being subsidized with equipment and also trained in its use. But for a while it seemed that the paid-for official firefighters wanted to monopolize this job, too, just like trade unionists tend to do. – JZ, 10.11.02 & 23.10.07. - AS A GOVERNMENTAL MONOPOLY?

FIREARMS: Are we at last brought to such humiliating and debasing degradation, that we cannot be trusted with arms for our defence? Where is the difference between having our arms in possession and under our direction, and having them under the management of Congress? If our defence be the real object of having those arms, in whose hands can they be trusted with more propriety, or equal safety to us, as in our own hands?" - Patrick Henry - GUN CONTROL, WEAPONS, SELF-DEFENCE, ARMS

FIREARMS: FINDING # 5 - The Commission determined that stolen weapons are more likely to be used in crime than legitimately purchased weapons and thus the use of stolen weapons poses a significantly greater threat to safety of the citizens of Florida." - Florida Assault Weapons Commission Report, May 18, 1990. - GUN CONTROL

FIREARMS: Register communists, not firearms.” - Ronald Reagan, Campaign Slogan. - Not even officially known child molesters were, for decades, registered and made known as such in their neighborhood. They were even allowed jobs in schools, boy-scout organizations etc. Governments, unable to disarm criminals do proceed to "victim disarmament" instead. And in how many countries are the government's armed forces and police forces "armed and dangerous" for the unarmed population of innocent citizens? In how many countries do they commit many to most of all crimes with victims? - JZ, 20.6.00. - REGISTRATION, GUN CONTROL, WEAPONS PROHIBITIONS

FIREARMS: That the said Constitution shall never be construed to authorize Congress to infringe the just liberty of the press or the rights of conscience; or to prevent the people of the United States who are peaceable citizens from keeping their own arms ...." - Samuel Adams, in the "Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer", August 20, 1789. – At least in the long run territorial statism destroys even great ideals and it always prevents the realization of the greatest ones, as long as it exists. – JZ, 14.12.08. - GUN CONTROL – TERRITORIALISM & STATISM VS. PANARCHISM

FIREARMS: The conclusion is thus inescapable that the history, concept, and wording of the Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, as well as its interpretation by every major commentator and court in the first half-century after its ratification, indicates that what is protected is an individual right of a private citizen to own and carry firearms in a peaceful manner." - Report of the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, 97th Congress, Second Session (February 1982). - WEAPONS, GUN CONTROL

FIREARMS: The greatest threat to private gun owners are not private but official criminals. – JZ, 14.12.08.

FIREARMS: The people are confirmed by the next article of their right to keep and bear their private arms." - Tench Coxe, from "Remarks on the First Part of the Amendments to the Federal Constitution", in the "FEDERAL GAZETTE" and "PENNSYLVANIA EVENING POST", June 18, 1789. - GUN CONTROL & CRIME

FIREARMS: They must believe in the existence of a substantial number of persons who are willing and able to break serious laws such as those prohibiting murder, assault, and robbery, yet who are not willing or able to break gun control laws." - Dr. Gary Kleck, "Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America."

FIREARMS: With an estimated 3.5 million firearms owners in Australia, sporting, shooting and gun collecting are among the most practical and safest sports in the Nation.” – From a leaflet by D. J. Bennett. - ARMS, WEAPONS, GUN CONTROL

FIRMNESS: A firm zero is still a zero. - JZ, 15.6.92. - To firmly cling to a wrongful and harmful condition is not an admirable trait. - JZ, 22.6.00.

FIRMNESS: Stern measures", etc.: “The superior man is correctly firm and not merely firm.” - Confucius, Analects, bk. xv, c. xxxvi.

FIRMS: No firm is ever firm. Each is in flux - or dying. - JZ, 6.12.90. - THE THEORY OF FIRMS

FIRST AMENDMENT: If the First Amendment means anything, it means that a state has no business telling a man, sitting alone in his own house, what books he may read or what films he may watch.” – Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993), U.S. Supreme Court Justice, 1969. – FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, FREEDOM TO READ, WATCH & LISTEN, CENSORSHIP

FIRST IN: always get in first - and make the other side do all the refuting and replying.” - John Hargraves, 1940, Words Win Wars, p.73. – Get his and their ears first – and last! – JZ, 14.12.08. - BE FIRST, TAKE THE INITIATIVE, ATTACK IS THE BEST DEFENCE, ADVOCACY, PROPAGANDA, PUBLICITY, EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, PUBLICITY

FISHING: Fishermen ought to finally change over to complete aquaculture from the ancient hunting and netting practices, in their own privately or cooperatively owned and cultivated enclosures. Agriculturists did make the changeover successfully already thousands of years ago. Otherwise the fishermen will also suffer from the "tragedy of the commons". A "free" resource used by many will always tend to become over-exploited & unprofitable. - JZ, 28.7.96 & 14.6.00. – Most of the salmon on sale is already being produced on fish farms. – JZ, 20.11.10. - DEPLETION OF FISH IN "PUBLIC" OCEANS

FITNESS FOR FREEDOM: Many politicians of our time are in the habit of laying it down as a self-evident proposition, that no people ought to be free till they are fit to use their freedom. The maxim is worthy of the fool in the old story, who resolved not to go into the water till he had learned to swim. If men are to wait for liberty till they become wise and good in slavery, they may indeed wait forever.” - Macauley. - Actually, one can undertake certain exercises out of water, which can make the major swimming motions almost automatic - before one ever enters into the water. - There is also some sense in not allowing babies, infants and very young children to practise all liberties unsupervised. All people in a country might never be fit for all liberties. Think of the psychopaths and other mentally defectives. Whether people are sufficiently rational to be able to rightly claim all individual rights can only be decided from case to case, e.g. upon application for membership in a panarchy. - Even under full experimental freedom for adults not many will be prepared to "jump into the water without being able to swim". - JZ, 20.6.00. - MATURITY, SELF-DEVELOPMENT, FREEDOM, RESPONSIBILITY, RATIONALITY, POLITICIANS VS. PEOPLE

FLAGS: A coloured rag born above troops and hoisted on forts and ships. It appears to serve the same purpose as certain signs that one sees on vacant lots in London: "Rubbish may be shot here."- Ambrose Bierce. - NATIONALISM

FLAGS: A flag is an emblem of warfare; when unfurled, it is a challenge to combat.” - Sprading, Liberty & the Great Libertarians, introduction, p.31. – To the extent that it represents the intolerance of territorialism it is not to be respected – on the contrary! – JZ, 14.12.08. - NATIONALISM

FLAGS: All banners, even the most noble, the most pure, are filthy with blood and shit.” - Oriana Fallaci, A Man, p.367. – NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM

FLAGS: All through human history, tyrannies have tried to enforce obedience by prohibiting disrespect for the symbols of their power. The swastika is only one example of many in recent history." - American Bar Association task force on flag burning. - FLAG BURNING

FLAGS: Seeing the taxation and inflation, the inflation and unemployment rate and the concentration camps and deportations for illegal immigrants, the national flags should now be always displayed only at half-mast, while also pointing out some of the currently enforced official wrongs in signs or slogans upon the mast. – Flying them at the top would reveal ignorance of the wrongs in internal and external policies, a kind of “right or wrong, my country!” prejudice and moral indifference. But then nationalism and patriotism are mostly rather thoughtless and immoral. - JZ, 3.6.05, 30.10.07. - FLAG FLYING IN AUSTRALIA OR IN ANY OTHER COUNTRY, PATRIOTISM, SHOWING THE FLAG.

FLAGS: How large or, rather, how small, is the ideas contents of most flags? – At most they seem to have the intellectual value of most election slogans. – How many unjustified and unnecessary human sacrifices were so far made to these symbols? - JZ, 14.12.08.

FLAGS: National flags are the symbols of our territorial enslavement.-  JZ, 2.6.12.

FLAGS: Respect for the flag must be voluntary.” - William Kunstler, quoted by O'Rourke, in Parliament of Whores. – Only when a flag represents genuine values, especially all individual rights and liberties, do these values, not that symbol, deserve respect. Otherwise, less developed civilizations and cultures do not deserve respect but at most tolerance, to the extent that they are tolerantly practised only among volunteers and at their expense and risk. – JZ, 14.12.08. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE

FLAGS: Those, who have no genuine values and ideas to offer, offer us flags to live under and die for. – JZ, 14.12.08.

FLAGS: We should scrutinize the offices, powers and ideas of the presidents, prime ministers and other territorial government officials rather than the national flag, its uses and abuses, since these power mongers do so much more wrong and harm than mere symbols do. - JZ, 1.10.93 & 22.6.00, 14.12.08. – NATIONAL FLAGS

FLAGS: Why fight for a flag when you can buy one for a nickel.” - Ezra Pound - FIGHTING

FLAT RATE TAX: They now have a 10 % flat tax.” – Elbegdorj Tsakhia, former Prime Minister of Mongolia, in FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, 12/07, p.9, in a talk on Mongolia. [He] began by noting that when talking about Mongolia most people think about Genghis Khan and his fierce warriors. But he explained that Khan had protected free trade along the Silk Road and had fostered a highly free-market economy. … The Mongolians also had excellent communications through their pony express he added.” – They were also tolerant towards those religions, which behaved tolerantly. – JZ, 10.9.08.

FLAT-RATE TAX: We are all taxed on our incomes. I persist in thinking that the fairest tax, and one which would mean only an increase of about 2 1/2 % in the tax rate on the low-income taxpayer, is a flat-rate tax. I say this on the ground that all of us, rich and poor, benefit equally from the only state services that are essential: the provision of justice and of national defense. A flat-rate tax, a poll-tax, abolishes the absurdity of punishing people progressively severely the more enterprising and hardworking they are. The system could be combined with subsidies for very low earners. …” Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 2/78, page 4. - There is no such a thing as a fair tax. No government does actually provide the service that it pretends to provide. All its services are all too much mixed with dis-services. - JZ, 20.6.00. - POLL TAX, FAIR VS. UNFAIR TAXATION

FLATTERY: Flattery is a scheme of the sly to bribe real people with make-believe currency.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

FLATTERY: Flattery is the first step on the road to slander.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. , COMPLIMENTS & LIES

FLATTERY: The tongue that flatters is the tongue that poisons.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

FLEXIBILITY: Bastiat realized that the very complexity of the new order demanded a flexibility that the dead hand of government planning could not tolerate, a flexibility which only individual freedom in transactions could supply.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.15. - COMPLEXITY

FLEXIBILITY: Fixity of purpose calls for flexibility of method.” - W.G. P. - But does not warrant any but just means towards the end. - JZ, 4.6.82. - FIXITY

FLEXIBILITY: FLEXIBLE GUIDELINES: We now have "flexible guidelines", which means they don't know what to do, but they'd like to keep going in the wrong way just in case.” - V. R. Forbes, speech, The Resource Crisis, 4.4.77. - GOVERNMENTS & ARBITRARINESS

FLEXIBILITY: In religion, the supreme value is inflexibility, which the faithful call "consistency"; in politics, the supreme value is inconsistency, which the loyal call "flexibility". - Szasz, Heresies, p.70. - INCONSISTENCY, PRINCIPLES

FLOATING EXCHANGE RATES: Paper currencies should be allowed to "float"- that is, people should be allowed to exchange them at their market rates.” - Henry Hazlitt, THE FREEMAN, 1/74. - He should have clearly stated that for their internal circulation they should lose both legal tender and their monopoly position. Merely freeing their exchange rate against external forced and monopolized government currencies is not good enough. - JZ, 20.6.00. – MONETARY FREEDOM, EXCHANGE RATES, FOREIGN EXCHAING CONTROLS, FREE CHOICE OF VALUE STANDARDS, FREE MARKET PRICING FOR CURRENCIES

FLOATING EXCHANGE RATES: Under fully freely floating exchange rates the governmental paper currencies would not only have to float against each other but against all other freely issues private and cooperative currencies. And in that case, they would tend to float to the top - like scum, and would, finally, be widely and totally refused. - JZ, 23.10.78 & 20.6.00. – In the meantime they would only be accepted still by the remaining statists, as a tax foundation money, to pay their taxes with. – All others should have seceded and joined their kind of free societies or panarchies. JZ, 14.12.08. – MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

FLOOD-RISK AREAS: Plan for every Queenslander to subsidise insurance for residents in flood-prone areas - - Even primitive natives have learnt to build their houses raised above the flood levels they have experienced." – JZ, 1.8.11, on Facebook.

FLUORIDATION: Caution: Drinking this fluoridated water or using it for your cooking may be dangerous to your health in the long run.” - Shouldn't this or a similar warning be installed above all water taps in fluoridated areas? - JZ, 1.1.73, & 20.6.00. - FLUORIDATION, COMPULSORY, OF PUBLIC WATER SUPPLIES

FLUORIDATION: Compulsory fluoridation is an object lesson on using and abusing others, supposedly for their own good, by those who are suppose to or pretend to know better than their victims. - JZ, 14.8.73 & 24.6.00. - COMPULSORY FLUORIDATION

FLUORIDATION: Don't let them force fluoridation down your throat! - Source? - Insist at least upon a referendum on its introduction and, finally, its abolition - and also upon a competitive water supply system, as s.a.p. and this not only in form of bottled water. - JZ, 20.6.00,

FLUORIDATION: Dr. Phyllis Mullenix, former head of toxicology at Forsysth Dental Center in Boston and now a critic of fluoridation. Animal studies which Mullenix and co-workers conducted at Forsyth in the early 1990 s indicated that fluoride was a powerful central nervous system (CNS) toxin and might adversely affect human brain functioning even at low doses. (New epidemiological evidence from China adds support showing a correlation between low-dose fluoride exposure and diminished IQ in children.) – Mullinix’s results were published in 1995 in a reputable peer-reviewed scientific journal.” - SAVE AUSTRALIA ALLIANCE, August/September 2007, p. 12, ed. by Dale Chorley. - OF THE WATER SUPPLY, LEGALIZED & COMPULSORY - -

FLUORIDATION: Governments promise to provide clean water, then require us to drink water containing fluoride.” - Ken Schoolland, The Adventure of Jonathan Gullible, Leap Publishing, Cape Town, with Commentaries by Ken Schoolland and Janette Eldridge, 1981 ff, 2004 ed., p. 214. – Actually, they “only” put it into our publicly supplied tap water, which is, unfortunately, all too often the only water available to us. – JZ, 7.10.07. – However, compare how the sales of expensive and bottled drinking has taken off. It might be considered as a no-confidence vote in the government’s “water policies”. – JZ, 12.12.08. - GOVERNMENT

FLUORIDATION: Impact of Fluoride on Neurological Development in Children - July 25, 2012 - Features - News at HSPH - Harvard School of Publ... - Nathan Wolfe describes the good and the bad about microbes as well as his virus hunting efforts. – Quoted by Keith Parsons, Facebook, 24.10.12. - Impact of Fluoride on Neurological Development in Children

FLUORIDATION: In point of fact, fluoride causes more human cancer death, and causes it faster than any other chemical. – Dr. Dean Burk, PHD, 34 years at the national cancer institute. - Liberty RonPaul Colarusso shared The Paradigm Shift's photo. - Facebook, 24.5.12. - FLUORIDE & CANCER

FLUORIDATION: Yet Another Government Report Finds that Fluoride Lowers IQ in Kids. - Harvard Study – published in NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HEALTH JOURNAL – finds fluoride lowers children’s … For years health experts have been unable to agree on whether fluoride in the drinking water may be toxic to the developing human brain. Extremely high levels of fluoride are known to cause neurotoxicity in adults, and negative impacts on memory and learning have been reported in rodent studies, but … Judy Morris - Donna Pryor:  Well, then I guess they will be adding more of the crap to everyone's water. Get a Berky! Google it. They are outlawed in CA. Imagine that. I love mine!!! - FLUORIDE:

FOLKWAYS: Leave all to their own folkways. Allow dissenting individuals and minorities to opt out of the any territorial system and to adopt other systems, societies, ideologies or folkways for themselves. - JZ, 18.12.95, 14.12.08. - TOLERANCE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, MINORITY AUTONOMY, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, CUSTOMS, TRADITIONS

FOLLOWERS: Great men's servants think themselves great.” - W. G. Benham, Proverbs, 770. - It is not so long ago that a government's military victories were celebrated even by its poor subjects. Nowadays they confine their enthusiasm rather to victories in sports contests. - JZ, 20.6.00. - SERVANTS, SUBORDINATES, ARROGANCE OF OFFICE, GREAT MEN, PERSONALITY CULT, NATIONALISM, STATISM, GREATNESS, COLLECTIVISM

FOLLOWERS: If you have to follow something - follow your own head.” - From film: Pick Up On 101. , INDEPENDENCE, SELF-THINKING, LEADERS

FOLLOWERS: The individual who would be his own man could never follow blindly after another any more than he could tolerate or assume the responsibility for a band of blind followers.” - Leonard E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, XV.

FOLLY: As Rand says, "don't bother to examine a folly, just ask yourself what it accomplishes." - George Morrone, INDIVIDUAL LIBERTY, 4/78.

FOLLY: However, not a word more upon this wretched subject, lest I become unwise in railing against folly.” - Goethe, in his 83rd and last year of his life, quoted by Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.88. - If he had suggested and begun an encyclopedia of the best refutations then by now it would already be close to complete. - JZ, 20.6.00.

FOLLY: Intellect deteriorates after every surrender to folly: unless we consciously resist, the nonsense does not pass by us but into us.” - Prof. Jacques Barzun, The House of Intellect, N.Y., Harper & Bros., 1959, p. 222. - Leonard E. Read quotes this passage in: Then Truth Will Out, p.108. - Perhaps, since e.g. the broadcast-mass media leave us insufficient time for reflection and discussion, we should cease to listen to most news and comments on radio and TV, unless we tape them first and then review their messages. - But the risk mentioned above occurs also with much superficial newspaper, magazine and book reading. - JZ, 20.6.00. - PREJUDICES, ERRORS, MYTHS

FOLLY: The main superiority of man over animals is in his power of speech. But if we speak vanity and folly, we are no better than animals.” - Moshe Leib Sassover, born 1807. - MAN, ANIMALS

FOOD & DRUG ADMINISTRATION: According to George Hitchings, co-winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in medicine, FDA’s five-year delay in approving the antibacterial drug Septra cost 80,000 lives.” – Sam Kazman. - A class action against the FDA may be overdue. - JZ, 22. 11. 06. – A Bowral chemist told me yesterday that Australia has, in the meantime, “achieved” a similar bureaucratic obstacle to the introduction of new health- and life-saving drugs! Progress! – JZ, 8.2.08.

FOOD & DRUG ADMINISTRATION: If even one new drug of the stature of penicillin or digitalis has been unjustifiably banished to a company’s back shelf because of exceedingly stringent regulatory requirements, that event will have harmed more people than all the toxicity that has occurred in the history of modern drug development.” – William Wardell - HEALTH DEPARTMENTS, MINSTER FOR HEALTH

FOOD ADDITIVES: We may find in the long run that tinned food is a deadlier weapon than the machine gun.” - George Orwell, The Road to Wigan Pier. - POLLUTION

FOOD LABELING: A free market requires publicity of all relevant facts. Consequently, all quality information on products belongs to a free market system while its absence supports fraud and exploitation, just like legally established and maintained monopolies. - JZ, 17.3.87 & 26.6.00. – Price alone and his eyes and taste-buds are certainly no longer the only and sufficiently reliable guides in the jungle of goods and services on offer. The old maxim, “let the buyer beware”, can no longer be applied when he confronted with millions of products and services that he cannot examine and test sufficiently. But the producer can belong to a guaranty association and the consumer to a consumer information service. Publicity can also play a large role, e.g. through Internet reports on every product and service, which in future could, perhaps, also be called up via scanning the bar code. – Anyhow, at least the total market for “organic” products is growing. - JZ, 15.12.08. - DEREGULATION, MARKET FORCES, PUBLICITY, HONESTY

FOOD PRICES: government taxes … comprise almost half of the purchase price of food.” - Garvan F. Kuskey, THE FREEMAN, 11/73. - TAXES

FOOD STAMPS: USA becomes Food Stamp Nation but is it sustainable? - - If the providers of wanted consumer goods and services were free to issue goods warrants and service vouchers in convenient money denominations, using a sound value standard, then there could soon be full employment and very little need for charity and Welfare State activities would remain. These, too, could be covered by sound social insurance contracts. These private note issuers would redeem their money not in rare metals but in their goods and services, priced out in sound value standards. (Which might be, by choice, rare metal weight units.) The daily turnover process would no longer be disturbed by the government's monopoly money, which is almost always over-issued or under-issued and, anyhow, could not sufficiently monetize all the spheres of the economy. See especially the writings of Ulrich von Beckerath on this, at – JZ, 24.8.11, on Facebook. - & WELFARE STATES OR MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, E.G. FOR COMPETING SOUND SHOP CURRENCY ISSUES IN LOANS FOR WAGE & SALARY PAYMENTS?

FOOD: They can either keep you healthy and fit or take over your life. Your choice! – JZ, 11.8.06. - DRINK & DRUGS

FOOLING PEOPLE TO RULE PEOPLE: It may be true … that "you can’t fool all the people all the time", but you can fool enough of them to rule a large country.” – Will & Ariel Durant. - Even under panarchism you could still fool some foolish volunteers but not non-members and dissenters, who would be free to do their own things among themselves. - JZ, 26. 11. 06, 2.8.13. – GOVERNMENTS, RULERS, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, VOTING, PUBLIC OPINION, GOVERNMENT PROPAGANDA, STATISM, DEMOCRACY, LEAFERSHIP, POLITICIANS, SECESSIONISM & PERSONAL LAW VS. PARLIAMENTARISM

FOOLISHNESS: An intelligent man on one plane can be a fool on others.” - Albert Camus, Notebooks, 1935-42. – INTELLIGENCE, EXPERTS, SPECIALISTS, INTELLECTUALS, PROFESSIONALS, ACADEMICS, RED.

FOOLISHNESS: Even the wisest man is often almost helpless when confronted by a flood, avalanche or storm of errors, prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions. He must be able to get access to an encyclopedia of the best refutations. I recently found such a service at least hinted at, for a leading politician, in a press conference or public meeting: “… a full rebuttal service ready online, waiting for her; …” and displaying answers on a screen in front of her. – Peter Hamilton, Judas Unchained, 2005, SF, Macmillan, p. 791. – But instead of only informing the main speaker, being questioned, a large screen could, at the same time, inform the whole audience. – And many in the audience and the questioners, too, could have access to the same service on their small and personal screens, so that assertions and questions, that can easily be refuted by such a service, would be less likely to be uttered. – At the same time, refutations of whatever errors or myths a politicians is trying to uphold, would also be accessible to many in his or her audience. - JZ,15.12.08. –  ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS, IGNORANCE, WISDOM, KNOWLEDGE

FOOLISHNESS: He is stupid who does not notice it.” - Charles Tschopp. - (“Dumm ist, wer es nicht merkt.”) – Since most people are still territorial statists and haven’t noticed the wrongs and harm that territorial statism inflicts upon all of us … - JZ, 2.8.13. - STUPIDITY, CONSCIOUSNESS

FOOLISHNESS: His philosophy was, "if most men will act like fools, let wise men be amused by their antics." - He believed in a hands-off policy; like Sumner.” - R. D. Grinder, on Mencken, in LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, I/3/49. – Hands off – for all, when it comes to nuclear mass murder “weapons” production and storage in readiness for their use but hands-on for all, or at least supervision by all, when it comes to the destruction if these mass murder devices! – 2.8.13. – The same applies to monetary and financial despotism and their consequences and to membership in territorial Warfare States. Nothing less than full monetary and financial freedom and individual and group secessionism combined with exterritorial autonomy for societies of volunteers will suffice there. They cause more disasters and losses of lives and liberties than natural catastrophes and are man-made and even legalized catastrophe- producing institutions. – JZ, 2.8.13. - TOLERANCE, NON-INTERFERENCE, PANARCHISM

FOOLISHNESS: If you protect a man from folly, you will soon have a nation of fools."  William Penn. - Herbert Spencer made a very similar remark. - PROTECTIONISM, STATISM, WELFARISM, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

FOOLISHNESS: If you think my act are foolishness / the foolishness may be in a fool's eye.” - Sophocles, Antigone, 442-41 B.C., tr. Elizabeth Wyckoff. – RED

FOOLISHNESS: In hollow heads resonance can easily be achieved.” - Wiesner. (In Hohlkoepfen lasst sich leicht Resonanz erzeugen.) – IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, STUPIDITY

FOOLISHNESS: Lack of judgment is essentially that what is called stupidity and there is no cure for such a defect.” - Kant. - (Der Mangel an Urteilskraft is eigentlich das, was man Dummheit nennt, und einem solchen Gebrechen ist gar nicht abzuhelfen.) – JUDGMENT, CRITICAL ABILITY

FOOLISHNESS: Laziness is foolishness of the body and foolishness is laziness of the mind. - Seume. (Faulheit ist Dummheit des Koerpers und Dummheit Faulheit des Geistes.) - LAZINESS

FOOLISHNESS: O sancta simplicitas!” – “Oh, holy stupidity!” – “O heilige Einfalt!”. - Ascribed to Huss, waiting to be burned, when he saw an old woman bringing firewood for this purpose.” – As if there were anything holy about it when religious ignorance, prejudices and intolerance are involved. – JZ, 15.12.08. -IGNORANCE, SIMPLICITY, PREJUDICE, RELIGION, SUPERSTITION, STUPIDITIES, FANATICISM, FUNDAMENTALISM, INTOLERANCE

FOOLISHNESS: Only a fool, it has been said, insists on learning by his own experience.” - Russell Lewis, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Down With The Poor, p.62. - But he has the right to do so. The worse fool is the one who does not even learn from observing him. And the most dangerous fools are those who outlaw and suppress self-responsible alternative experiments. - JZ, 6.11.78 & 20.6.00. - EXPERIENCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TOLERANCE

FOOLISHNESS: Reason is limited, only stupidity is unlimited.” - Petan. - STUPIDITY VS. REASON & RATIONALITY

FOOLISHNESS: Stupidity consists in believing that one knows enough.” - Joachim Daniel. (Dummheit ist: glauben genug zu wissen.) – STUPIDITY, KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, ENLIGHTENMENT

FOOLISHNESS: The damn foolishness of one person is a breath of life to another.” - From film Hard Driver. – Politicians certainly live on the ignorance, foolishness and lack of interest of most voters. Panarchism would confine the negative results to them, instead of spreading them territorially, over a whole population, i.e. the minority of the enlightened and many other dissenting minorities as well as the majority of the unenlightened. Moreover, successive costly failures in the communities of the unenlightened would then tend to rapidly lead to a loss of members for them and a growth of membership in the somewhat or fully enlightened ones. – JZ, 15.12.08, 2.8.13. - TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, VOTING, TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP BY SETTING BETTER EXAMPLES WITH THE OWN FREE ACTIONS

FOOLISHNESS: The fact that people are foolish, as everyone is from time to time, has been seized upon by reformers to justify all manner of impertinences.” - Kenneth Mc Donald, Who Guards the Guardians? - THE FREEMAN, 1/78. - Only the fools should have to suffer under their remaining foolishness. – Neither wisdom nor foolishness should ever be territorially enforced. – JZ 20.11.10. - GUARDIANS, MEDDLING, PROTECTIONISM, REFORMS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, DOMINATION OR RULE ATTEMPTS, FROM DEMOCRATIC TO TOTALITARIAN ONES

FOOLISHNESS: The fools will not allow themselves to perceive what they are doing.” - Robert Anton Wilson, The Earth Will Shake, 216.

FOOLISHNESS: The stupidities change but the stupidity remains.” – Erich Kaestner. (Die Dummheiten wechseln, aber die Dummheit bleibt.) - STUPIDITY

FOOLISHNESS: There are more fools than wise men and even in a wise man there is more foolishness than wisdom.” - Nicolas Chamfort, Aphorism, p.52. – WISDOM

FOOLISHNESS: What do people like to call "stupid"? Whatever is rational and is not understood by them.” - Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach. - (Was nennen die Menschen am liebsten "dumm"? Das Gescheite, das sie nicht verstehen.) – RED.

FOOLISHNESS: What is stupidity is unconscious ignorance.” - Billings. - („Dummheit ist unbewusste Unwissenheit.”)

FOOLISHNESS: Yet, it is from the actions of a few whom their fellows regard as foolish or dangerous, that we sometimes reap greatest benefit. Freedom to do only what someone else says is right is not freedom but slavery; and a society of free persons who know and choose to do only what is wise and good is a utopian dream.” - V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 8/75. - EXPERTS, PROGRESS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, IDEAS, INNOVATORS, TOLERANCE

FOOLS: Among all the thieves the fools are the worst: they deprive you of both, time and a good mood.” - Goethe, “Sprueche in Prosa”. – JZ tr. of: “Unter allem Diebsgesindel sind die Narren die schlimmsten: sie rauben euch beides, Zeit und Stimmung.” – RED.

FOOLS: Answer fools with silence.” – Iranian Proverb. – It would be more instructive still to let them practise their foolishness among themselves, at their own risk and expense. – JZ, 3.1.08. - Also bets on the outcomes of their experiments could be arranged, which would further increase the losses of those willing to undertake false or flawed experiments. Once they become aware of how large the odds are against them succeeding, many silly experiments might even be avoided. – JZ, 12.12.08. – FOOLS TO BE ANSWERED WITH SILENCE

FOOLS: As an ass cannot ascend a ladder, so a fool cannot become wise.” - Otzar Midrashim, p.191, in: The Wisdom of Israel.

FOOLS: Fools are not those who know little but rather those who know too much of what just isn't so.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. – PREJUDICES, ERRORS, MYTHS, PUBLIC OPINION

FOOLS: It is not fools that I seek to address.” - Ayn Rand, An Open Letter to my Readers, in: “The Ayn Rand Column”, revised edition, 1998, p 34, Second Renaissance Books, New Milford, Connecticut, - PREJUDICED PEOPLE, RED.

FOOLS: Men are fools, but not so much as those who think themselves exceptions to this dictum.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

FOOLS: One fool can ask a question that a thousand wise men cannot answer. What one fool spoils, a thousand wise men cannot repair.” - Torat ha Kenaot, 42; Bet Jonathan, 8. - From: The Wisdom of Israel. - As far as opinions are concerned, thousands to millions of wise men could and should combine their wisdom in an encyclopedia of the best refutations. And as far as foolish actions are concerned, freedom of action or freedom to experiment is the best cure for them or, at least, it will minimize the damage and confine it mostly to the fools themselves. - JZ, 22.6.00.

FOOLS: Shall we believe as the fools have believed?” – Koran, xci/II – FAITH, - BELIEF, RED.

FOOLS: The current fashion is to place the blame for foolish behavior anywhere but where it belongs: on the fool himself. One result of that is that people, who should be facing the fact that they need to shape up, are instead encouraged to blame (or sue) other people who in some distant way helped make their foolish behavior possible. Another is that manufacturers are expected to build something so that any idiot can use it. …” - Stanley Schmidt, Foolproof, editorial, ANALOG, May 91, 14. - RESPONSIBILITY, LAWYERS, COURTS

FOOLS: The fool thinks everyone else is a fool.” - Kohelet Rabbah, 10. - From: The Wisdom of Israel.

FOOLS: The only thing to do with an idiot and a thorn is to get rid of them.” - Shemot Rabbah, 6, 5. - From: The Wisdom of Israel. – Rather, leave them, and them alone, to the consequences of their own errors, mistakes and actions. – JZ, 15.12.08. TOLERANCE, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM.

FOOLS: There is no remedy for a fool.” - Gittin, 70b. - Yes, there are: E.g., ignore him or put him within an institutional framework that sees to it that he alone suffer from his follies, his irrational experiments and actions. - JZ, 25.6.92 & 22.6.00.

FOOLS: We have no patience with the mawkish philanthropy which would ward-off the punishment of stupidity. The ultimate effect of shielding men from the effects of folly is to fill the world with fools.” - Herbert Spencer, 1820-1903, State Tampering with Money & Banks. - FOLLY, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, WELFARE STATE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, STUPIDITY, IGNORANCE, CHARITY, PROTECTION, WELFARE STATE (Bold print for this famous remark by me. – JZ )

FOOLS: When you flog a fool, by the time it takes you raise the whip a second time, he has already forgotten the first blow.” - Tanhuma Noah, 24. From: The Wisdom of Israel. - I have met many criminals who managed to forget about the immorality of their crimes and their victims and considered their imprisonment as a crime committed against themselves. - JZ, 22.6.00. – But this proverb does greatly exaggerate the time span for this foolishness. – JZ, 15.12.08.

FOOTBALL: Football combines the two worst things about America: it is violence punctuated by committee meetings.” - George Will. – JOKES, COMMITTEES, SPORTS

FOOTBALL: Football has become the new “opiate of the masses”. But in Thailand and Malaysia, football fans typically care more about Liverpool and Manchester United than the local teams.” – Thomas Larsson, The Race to the Top, The Real Story of Globalization, Cato Institute, 2001, p. 99. – At least in Western countries sport has become another opiate for the masses. – JZ, 28.9.07. - THE NEW OPIATE FOR THE MASSES, SPORTS, MASSES

FOOTBALL: Some day there will awake that fighting folly found among the ancient Germans, the folly that fights neither to kill nor to conquer, but simply to fight.” - Heinrich Heine, 504. – It is alive, in popular sports, thankfully mostly fought without artificial weapons. – I never understood what the mere spectators get out of it. Apart from their shouting and fighting among themselves - certainly no exercise. – JZ, 15.12.08. - SOCCER, SPORTS, GAMES


FORCE: A man may build himself a throne of bayonets, but he cannot sit on it.” - Dean Inge. - That's only wishful thinking. One can imagine they stick that many into their victims, close to each other, so that they can sit comfortably on the handles! - JZ, 4.6.82. - BAYONETS

FORCE: a minimum of force against men and a maximum of voluntary action.” - Robert G. Bearce, THE FREEMAN, 10/72. - VOLUNTARISM

FORCE: a right without the right to prevent its violation amounts to no right whatsoever.” - Joel B. Myklebust, Libertarian Handbook 1973. – To prevent or to forcefully resist! – JZ, 2.8.13. - DEFENCE, RIGHTS, SELF-DEFENCE

FORCE: According to this superficial creed, the best cure for moral evil is immoral force.” - O'Brien, The Natural Right to Freedom, p.238. – As if moral and defensively used forced against criminals and aggressors were impossible. – JZ, 11.3.13. - MIGHT, MORALITY, IMMORALITY

FORCE: Again, Right, Reason and the nature of Society, which are next to be considered, do not prohibit all force, but that only which is repugnant to Society, that is, that which is used to attack the Rights of others. For Society has as its object that every one may have that which is his own in safety, by the common help and agreement.” - Hugo Grotius, On the Laws of War and Peace. - RIGHT, REASON & SOCIETY

FORCE: All the armies and the police can not make a better world. The Emperor had nothing but the use of force, that can hinder and restrict the individual energy that makes the human world, but can not control and use it.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.80. - True, he cannot make a better one, but he can make a worse one! And he can extract enough from the products of their remaining un-free labors to pay his own expenses, his bureaucrats, his soldiers and his policemen and thus to keep himself in power. Indeed, he does not control the full human potential of anyone but he can prevent its full utilization in all too many and from their remaining potential, to the extent that they have to use it to survive, he can extract enough to uphold his parasitical regime! - Obviously, here she talked herself into ignoring realities! - JZ, 21.6.00.

FORCE: Although force does kill but it does not convert. It subdues but it does not enlighten.” - Rivarol, De la Souverainete du Peuple. - Only when it rightfully fights on the side of right does it provide their greatest rightful chances to all people it defends and liberates. – Libertarian defence is very different from statist and territorial defence. It can ally itself with all the victims on the other side, e.g. through governments and societies in exile, separate peace treaties, even unilaterally offered, to those, who would accept it, fraternization and incitement of military insurrections among the conscripts of a despotic and aggressive regime. It would never practise indiscriminate area-bombing, rocket attacks and actions against innocents on the “principle” of collective responsibility. - JZ, 22.7.86, 2.8.13.

FORCE: Anarchism … the theory which is opposed to "every kind of forcible government." - Bertrand Russell. - GOVERNMENT, VOLUNTARISM & ANARCHISM

FORCE: Anarchism is the denial of force against any peaceable individual.” - Joe Labadie, Essays, 1911, p.60. - A Byington sticker. - VIOLENCE, ANARCHISM, NONVIOLENCE

FORCE: And force, in the political sense, is to the market place as sand is to a machine.” - Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.128. - MARKET & POLITICS

FORCE: Any act of force is anti-mind.” - Robert M. Sade. - Not when in defence of the mind against the mindless! - JZ, n.d., 70's.

FORCE: Applying force to a problem only produces resentment, backlash and chaos.” - Robert J. Ringer, 1979, Restoring the American Dream. - The reactions of an aggressive criminal to defensive actions by his victims should not be our primary concern. - No more force than is justified and necessary! Sweet talks, reasoning and protests are not always effective. Try it against tax collectors! - JZ, 20.6.00. - BACKLASH

FORCE: As much compression as is necessary to prevent the stronger specimens of human nature from encroaching on the rights of others cannot be dispensed with; …” - John Stuart Mill, On Liberty, 55/56.

FORCE: At any rate, the use of force produces resentment, or the use of a contrary force, and this conflict results in chaos.” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.74. - "For every force a counter-force happens in the opposite direction." - The principle of the rocket. – The rightful and defensive use of force CAN be successful. – JZ, 20.11.10. - RESENTMENT, PROVOCATION, COUNTER FORCE, REACTION

FORCE: Auberon Herbert is without equal as a defender of liberty. His writings are eloquent, forceful - and uncompromising. Perhaps that is why he is so roundly ignored by our force-obsessed age.” - Mack, Auberon Herbert, introduction. - Not everyone has easy access to Herbert's writings! - JZ, 21.6.00. – By now all of them should be online. Are they? – JZ, 15.12.08. - I just looked with Google for Auberon Herbert, writings online – and got 219,000 results in 0.41 seconds. I downloaded the first page. Among its hints: Molinari Institute - Roderick T. Long -‎ - Below are a number of online resources for those interested in exploring the ideas of Market Anarchism. ..... Works by and about Auberon Herbert (1838-1906 ) ... – One of the good signs of our times! – JZ, 2.8.13.

FORCE: Ayn Rand posited "initiation of physical force" as the universal evil, yet for most people a deceitfully adulterous act on the part of their spouse may be far more hurtful than a slap in the face. Stabbing someone with a knife may not be painful if the person has received a local unaesthetic.” - Diogenes of Panarchia, THE CONNECTION 133, p.52. - Jealousy is based on the non-libertarian notion that one can OWN another person or that person's attention, as a monopoly, rather than considering love as a free exchange, not compulsory for either side. The collapse of that notion can be painful - but is also enlightening and may introduce some more permanent wooing and attention of the other person, in the same or future relationships, rather than reliance on an official permit to claim a monopoly upon another person's attention or love. It would also be helpful if all participants spelled out their relationship contract conditions, which they prefer for themselves, rather than relying on prescribed contracts legalized by governments. - JZ, 22.6.00, 2.8.13. - INITIATION OF FORCE, MARRIAGE, LOVE, BREAK-UPS & JEALOUSY

FORCE: But a use of force is not control. No living ruler has ever actually controlled his subjects. There is no superhuman power in Government; men in Government have no natural nor Divine superiority to any other man. And no man can control another. No possible use of force can compel any individual to act. A use of force upon him can only hinder, restrict, or stop his acting.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.30. - So why do we go on paying taxes if the government can't control us enough to make us pay them to it? The State obviously does not hinder me, restrict me, or stops me from paying its taxes (under the threat of force). But I have reasons to fear what it will do to me if I do absolutely refuse to pay its taxes and resist all its efforts to collect them from me. Many libertarians have pointed out that I would end up dead, if the government tried to sell my house to cover my tax debts and if I absolutely refused to let that happen. To that extent it DOES control my actions, turning me into an involuntary tax slave, however much I dislike paying anything to it. How could R. W. L. have remained blind to that aspect? You tell me! - JZ, 21.6.00.

FORCE: But force is only a minor adjunct in successful efforts to change human behavior. It can be used to punish and inhibit wrongdoing, but it is the weakest of all means for producing right-doing. Right-doing proceeds from and engages the best efforts of the wills of individuals. Force can no doubt produce a modicum of obedience, but it will usually be minimal and will tend to be limited even further by its failure to engage the constructive ingenuity of the ones complying.” - Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 8/77, p.483.

FORCE: But he who defends his rights by force is justified, whereas he who attempts to override the rights of others is a criminal.” - Erckmann-Chatrian, The Story of a Peasant, I, 347. - RIGHTS, CRIME& JUSTICE, DEFENCE VS. AGGRESSION

FORCE: But the individual has no right to use force for any other end. I cannot legitimately FORCE my fellow men to be industrious, sober, thrifty, generous, learned, or pious; but I can force them to be just. - For the same reason, the collective force cannot be legitimately employed to foster the love of labor, sobriety, thrift, generosity, learning, religious faith; but it can be legitimately employed to further the rule of justice, to defend every man's rights.” - Frederic Bastiat. - JUSTICE

FORCE: But this delegated body (the State) cannot by any possibility have larger rights of using force than the individual, for whatever rights the individual has, those rights he can delegate, but rights which he does not possess, those evidently he cannot delegate. Thus we are led to see that 19/20th of what governments or ruling majorities do lie outside their moral capacity…” - Auberon Herbert, The Idea of Government, in 19th CENTURY OPINION, page 207. - INDIVIDUALS & THE STATE, DELEGATION OF RIGHTS

FORCE: But Tucker would not accept the argument that political science is coeval with the science of political force. We anarchists believe in force, he declared, for nature itself consists of a complex of various kinds of force. "But we want native, healthy, spontaneous forces in social life," he continued, and "not arbitrary, extraneous, usurping forces." - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.150.

FORCE: By means of the coercive arm of the State, those opposed to individualism seek to impress upon the individual his obligation to others. The humanitarian seeks medical care for all - by force. He would encourage brotherhood - by force. He would make men good - by force.” - The Incredible Break Machine, p.135.

FORCE: Can anyone force you to desire what you do not want? - No one.” - Epictetus, ca. 85-135 C. E., The Discourses of E., II, Book V, ch. I. - DESIRE

FORCE: Civilization is nothing else but the attempt to reduce force to being the last resort.” - Jose Ortega y Gasset - CIVILIZATION

FORCE: Deprived of the use of force human beings tend to cooperate. Literally and figuratively, they live and let live.” – Charles Murray, What It Means to Be a Libertarian, 1997. – This is also true for territorial statist federalism. I think it would be a close race if one attempted to determine which of the three levels of government exhibited the greatest degree of incompetence, corruption, stupidity and crimes of aggression with involuntary victims. Certainly, the tributes levied by federal governments are the largest and those by State governments are greater than those paid to local governments. But that should not be the only factor to decide such a comparison. Like sergeants in governmental armed forces, the local governments interfered much more in the details of our lives than the colonels and generals do, the State- and the Federal governments. – JZ, 22.5.05, 29.10.07, 3.8.13. - STATE RIGHTS & LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTONOMY, COOPERATION, VOLUNTARISM, MAN

FORCE: Do you know what amazes me more than anything? The impotence of force to organize anything.” - Napoleon Bonaparte, quoted in Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, chapter 3. – A more complete quote runs: - “Do you know what amazes me more than anything else? The impotence of FORCE to organize anything. There are only two powers in the world - the spirit and the sword. In the long run the sword will always be conquered by the spirit.” - Napoleon I, late in his life. – Still another translation: Do you know what astonished me most in the world? The inability of force to create anything. In the long run, the sword is always beaten by the spirit.” – Napoleon – ORGANIZATION, VOLUNTARISM, IDEAS COMPULSION, VIOLENCE, COERCION, SPIRIT, ARMED FORCES, IDEAS, REASON, CREATIVITY

FORCE: Each of us has the right to defend the rights of life, liberty, and private property, if necessary applying violence against those who threaten or first use violence to violate those rights. A right that cannot be exercised is no right at all. A right which is not yours to defend belongs to no one.J. Neil Schulman, - His books, quotes, articles, blogs and Facebook entries are online but copyrighted. - & RIGHTS

FORCE: Either there are or there are not moral conditions limiting force, but if they exist they cannot depend upon numbers.” - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, Auberon Herbert, Essay Three, p.88. - MORALITY & MAJORITY

FORCE: Even when used defensively, it still remains an evil, only to be tolerated in order to get rid of the greater evil. It is the one thing in the world to be bound down with chains, to be treated as a slave, and only as a slave, that must always act under command of something better and higher than itself. Wherever and whenever we use it, we must surround it with the most stringent limits, looking on it, as we should look on a wild and dangerous beast, to which we deny all will and free movement of its own. It is one of the few things in our world to which liberty must be forever denied. Within those limits the force that keeps a clear and open field for every effort and enterprise of human activity - that are in themselves untainted by force and fraud - such force is in our present world a necessary and useful servant, like the fire which burns in a fireplace.” - Auberon Herbert, quoted in Sprading, Liberty & the Great Libertarians, p.411. – LIBERTY, MILITIA

FORCE: ever cry "no" to the tyranny of force.” - Jacques Maritain, Redeeming the Time, p.155. – One has to do more towards tyranny than cry, shout and protest. – JZ, 15.12.08.

FORCE: For, according to the order of nature, which is quite superior to our will, it stands thus; there will always be a government of force, where men are invasive; and when they are pure enough to abjure the code of force, they will be wise enough to see how these public ends of the post office, of the highway, of commerce, and the exchange of property, of museums, and libraries, of institutions for art and science, can be answered.” - Emerson, quoted in Sprading, Liberty & the Great Libertarians, p.152. – TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENT

FORCE: force … used only against tyranny, not to promote it.” - William F. Buckley, Jr., Stained Glass, p.19. - TYRANNY

FORCE: Force always attracts men of low morality, and I believe it to be an invariable rule that tyrants of genius are succeeded by scoundrels.” - Albert Einstein, FORUM AND CENTURY, vol. 84. - So which kind of low morality attracted him to recommend atomic bomb research? The Christian and Jewish notions of "collective responsibility"? - Are there tyrants of genius or were all of them stupid enough to want to become and remain tyrants? - JZ, 21.6.00, 3.8.13. – “Force always attracts men of low morality.” - Albert Einstein – quoted by Afrikanus Kofi Akosah on Facebook, 3.11.12. - John Zube : That is true only for aggressive force. Defensive force attracts men of high morality. – As if quite rightful self-defence actions and competitive protective agencies and defence forces could not be prepared and organized among people really knowing and appreciating their individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 12.12.08, 3.8.13. – MORALITY, IMMORALITY, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS, DEFENCE, AGGRESSION, MORALITY, ETHICS, JUSTICE, CRIME

FORCE: Force and mind are opposites; morality ends where the gun begins.” - Ayn Rand – Here even she did not distinguish between force used aggressively and force used defensively. – JZ, 3.8.13. - MIND & MORALITY, RIGHTS, GUNS & VIOLENCE

FORCE: Force cannot substitute truth for a lie in political economy.” - Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted in THE VOLUNTARYIST, No. 6. - TRUTH, ECONOMICS

FORCE: Force does not possess half as much power as does mildness.” – Samuel Smiles, retranslated from a German version. – Brute force seems to have mainly only immediate and short term and temporary effects, mildness has long-term and lasting effects. – In the long term the power of attraction is more powerful than a temporary fear or terror. – However, the full power of and knowledge of a rightful peace, quite free societies and sufficient knowledge on them and all their preconditions, has still be to mobilized. – JZ, 15.12.08. - MIGHT, MILDNESS, LENITY, HUMANITY

FORCE: force employed to secure completer cooperation between the parts, to facilitate exchange, makes for advance; force which runs counter to such cooperation, which attempts to replace the mutual benefit of exchange by compulsion, which is in any way a form of parasitism, makes for retrogression.” - Norman Angell, The Great Illusion, part 11, chapter V, p.217, - MUTUALISM, COOPERATION, EXCHANGE

FORCE: Force is an expedient, the use of which is much to be deplored. It is contrary to the nature of intellect, which cannot be improved but by conviction and persuasion. It corrupts the man who employs it, and the man upon whom it is employed. … Violence is so prompt a mode of deciding differences of opinion and contentions of passion, that there will infallibly be some persons who will resort to this mode. How is their violence to be repressed or prevented from being accompanied occasionally with the most tragical effects? Violence must necessarily be preceded by an opinion of the mind dictating that violence; and, as he who first had resort to force instead of argument, is unquestionably erroneous, the best and most desirable mode of correcting him, is by convincing him of his error. But the urgency of the case, when for example, a dagger is pointed to my own breast or that of another, may be such as not to afford time for expostulation. Hence the propriety and duty of defense.” - William Godwin, Enquiry concerning Political Justice. - VIOLENCE

FORCE: Force is applied from ignorance.” - L. E. Modesitt, Gravity Dreams, Orbit, London, 1999, p.42. – Unless it is rightful force applied only in genuine self-defence efforts. – As some say, only the initiation of force is, mostly, wrong. - JZ, 7.10.07. – IGNORANCE, ZERO AGGRESSION PRINCIPLE, NON-INITIATION OF FORCE

FORCE: Force is no remedy.” - John Bright, speech, Birmingham, November 16, 1880. - For anything but the initiation of force! - JZ, n.d. & 20.6.00.

FORCE: Force is not a right. Self-defence is.” - Steve Ditko, Mr. A. - RIGHTS & SELF-DEFENCE, MIGHT VS. RIGHT, RIGHT VS. MIGHT

FORCE: Force is not economical, but it can be applied so as to make it quite profitable to the user.” - Clarence B. Carson, What Is Economy? THE FREEMAN, 7/76. - I'd rather say: Reliance mainly on force is not economical. - But right is associated with the authority to enforce it (Kant). That will become less and less necessary the more genuine individual rights and liberties become recognized and respected. - JZ, 31.7.92, 3.8.13. - RIGHTS

FORCE: Force is the condition in which one man's will with respect to that over which he has rightful control is subject to interference by another man or group of men.” - Don Franzen, Reply to Peter Crosby in THE PERSONALIST. - I always found it useful to distinguish between compulsion and force on the one side, which can be either defensive or aggressive and violence or coercion on the other side, which seem to always indicate the wrongful or aggressive use of force. But in this as in many other ways our terminology is still confused and confusing. - JZ, 20.6.00.

FORCE: Force is the vital principle and immediate parent of despotism.” - Thomas Jefferson, First Inaugural Address, 1801. - All too many people do not distinguish between aggressive force and defensive force. - JZ, 25.6.00.

FORCE: Force loses its legitimacy when it is used instead of free and open discussion.” - Gustavo de Greiff. – LAWS, REGULATIONS, PENALTIES, PROHIBITIONS, DRUG WAR

FORCE: Force makes force.” - T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, 123. – Force tends to provokes more use of force, in a process of escalation, towards mutual atrocities and even mass murders. – JZ,15.12.08. – What are the “achievements” when force is used excessively on all sides? Should they be measured by body counts or the degrees of destruction? – JZ, 3.8.13. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

FORCE: Force ought to follow justice and not to precede." –Sir Edward Coke – From some quotes used by Michael Badnarik (2004 Libertarian Candidate for President) on various issues, mostly taken from the convention debate. Folks might find them useful for Simon Jestering. – JUSTICE - [source:]

FORCE: Force should on the one hand be minimized in number of spheres and applications while, on the other hand, it should be maximized in effectiveness by being applied in the right directions, with the rightful means, weapons and organizations and against genuine enemies only rather than against masses of their victims. - JZ, 5.10.89 & 26.6.00.

FORCE: Force suggests a degree of control, and violence of un-control; force, in some usages (e.g., police force), suggests legitimacy and violence the absence of legitimacy…” - Walter Berns, THE INTERCOLLEGIATE REVIEW, Spring 74, 113. - VIOLENCE & CONTROL

FORCE: Force will not keep the Empire together. Force has never kept anything together for very long. The more you tighten your grip, the more systems will slip through your fingers.” - George Lucas, Star Wars, p.103. – The rightful, rational, libertarian and effective alternatives to territorial government force are still as little known and appreciated by as few as “the” positive “force” is in the Star Wars films of George Lucas. IMPERIALISM, UNITY

FORCE: Force without justice is tyranny and justice without force is futility.” - Source? - JUSTICE, TYRANNY, FUTILITY

FORCE: Force without reason falls through its own weight.” - Horace, Odes, III. 4. 65. (Vis consilii expers mole ruit sua. - Gewalt ohne Ueberlegung struerzt durch die eigene Wucht.) , POWER, MIGHT, REASON

FORCE: Force works on servile natures, not the free.” - Ben Jonson, Every Man in His Humour, 1598, 1.2. – Since no one has been quite free yet, it works, wrongfully, upon everyone! – JZ, 15.12.08.,

FORCE: Force, in a free society, may be used only in retaliation and only against those who initiate its use.” - Ayn Rand, PLAYBOY interview. - INITIATION & RETALIATION

FORCE: forced association is the root cause of violence." - Mitchell Jones, NEW INDIVIDUALIST, 1972. - So are forced disassociation, segregation, exclusion and forced integration. - JZ, 2.7.89 & 26.6.00. - COMPULSORY MEMBERSHIP, VIOLENCE, TERRITORIALISM & PANARCHISM

FORCE: Forcible ways make not an end of evil, but leave hatred and malice behind them.” - Sir Thomas Browne, Christian Morals, 1716, 3. - Unless they protected genuine rights. - JZ, 30.10.85. – Christians should try to convert and reform the aggressors and criminals, rather than the victims of criminals – JZ, 15.12.08, 3.8.13. - EVIL, RIGHTS, JUSTICE, PROTECTION, DEFENCE, CRIMES WITH VICTIMS, TYRANNICIDE, SELF-DEFENCE

FORCE: Freedom won't come through love, and it won't come through Force. It will come through the Imagination.” - Wilson / Shea, Illuminatus I, p.63. - Trouble is, too many freedom lovers use all too little of their imagination. - JZ, 20.6.00. – IMAGINATION, LOVE

FORCE: Government is force and force can be used legitimately only in safeguarding liberty. Any extension of force beyond that point, since it produces disruptions of individual responsibility, is likely also to produce the destruction of society as a whole.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.229. – If society means free exchange then one can doubt that a true society, a quite free one, has ever existed so far, country-wide or even world-wide. – However, a mere two persons, who confine all their relations to peaceful and voluntary exchanges, do already form a mini-society. – Alas, even quite happy marriages are still all to rare. – Moreover, they haven’t as yet set attractive enough examples to all other sexual partners. – Even friends and brothers, parents and their offspring get into fights and arguments. – Peace-promoting religions, ideologies and institutions are still all too rare or ineffective. - JZ, 3.8.13. GOVERNMENT, SOCIETY, PROTECTION OF RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

FORCE: government is force, and … unlimited force is unbearable tyranny.” - Paul L. Poirot, THE FREEMAN, 10/72. - All too many bear it, all too complacently, for all too long! - JZ, 21.6.00. – GOVERNMENT, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM

FORCE: Government, in its last analysis, is organized force.” - Woodrow Wilson. - Any street gang organizes its force, so does any coercive union or sect. Nevertheless, they do not yet constitute territorial governments. To say that government is territorially organized force would be more correct. - JZ, 20.6.00. – Criminal gangs and crime syndicates do wrongfully imitate territorial governments and their wars with their claims to their exclusive “turf”. – JZ, 15.12.08. - GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, TURF WARS BETWEEN GANGS, WARFARE STATES

FORCE: Guard with jealous attention the public liberty. Suspect everyone who approaches that jewel. Unfortunately, nothing will preserve it but downright force. Whenever you give up that force, you are inevitably ruined.” - Patrick Henry. – Knowledge, appreciation and application of genuine individual rights and liberties does also help. – JZ, 20.11.10. - LIBERTY & RIGHTS

FORCE: Help a man against his will and you do the same as murder him.” - Horace, 65-8 B. C., in A. Andrews Quotations, p. 18. – While preempting someone’s self-help options is wrong, it still does not amount to murdering him. – JZ, 3.8.13. - AID, HELP, ASSISTANCE, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-RESPECT, INDEPENDENCE

FORCE: human beings do not need to be regulated and cared for by forces external to themselves.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.91, describing Pearl Andrew's view. – Unless, mentally and physically, they are still or again at the baby stage. – JZ, 15.12.08. - MAN, HUMAN BEINGS, CONTROL, REGULATIONS, LAWS

FORCE: I cannot legitimately force my fellow men to be industrious, sober, thrifty, generous, learned, or pious; but I can force them to be just. For the same reason, the collective force cannot be legitimately employed to foster the love of labor, sobriety, thrift, generosity, learning, religious faith; but it can be legitimately employed to further the rule of justice, to defend every man's rights.” - Bastiat, G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.236. , LEGITIMACY, JUSTICE

FORCE: I do not want to be forced, therefore, I will not force. The Golden Rule. This is my self-interest: I want a world of freedom from coercion, so I refrain from coercion. I want to be free to help others, if I choose, or to help myself, if I want. Neither a slave nor a master be.” - Cat Jackson, THE CONNECTION 96, p.45 of 2 August 1981. – GOLDEN RULE, MUTUAL TOLERANCE, INTOLERANCE TOWARDS THE INTOLERANT

FORCE: I have always been impressed with the reasoning of William Godwin on this point. He warned that suspicion must attend those who rely upon force (*) to get their way. The weapons of tyranny and upon which the tyrant depends, make a poor showing in the hands of those sincerely interested in freedom and in peace. In short, the weapon that can, in the hands of a tyrant, create a slave, can, when passed into the hands of a slave, make him a tyrant in turn. And both, freedom and peace, mean the absence of tyranny. It matters not a bit whether you are the slave or the tyrant. In either case, freedom and peace have been abandoned.” - LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Fall 75. – (*) I would add here: "alone". - JZ

FORCE: I hope we are learning that force is not always the answer to Communism but even can become its greatest incubator.” - LeRoy Collins, speech, in San Juan, P. R., 25 May 1965. - Would communism have risen anywhere, as a dangerous force, where full economic liberty had been introduced? - JZ, 21.6.00. – Suppression creates martyrs and fanatics. Let them practise their follies among themselves. – JZ, 15.12.08. – “can even”? - COMMUNISM

FORCE: I learned as a bike mechanic something I think applies to everything, or nearly everything: don't force things. If part A won't move the way it should, don't force it. You'll only make it worse. There's a reason it won't move the way you want it to. Find the reason and it will work right. Forcing part A will only screw up other things, and make everything harder, taking twice as long to repair.” - Cat Jackson, THE CONNECTION 96 of 2 August 1981, p. 45. - DON'T FORCE THINGS OR PEOPLE

FORCE: If I want to do something, I do everything. If I'm forced to do something, I do nothing.” - From film: Anything Goes, with Bing Crosby. - SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

FORCE: If the only tool you have is a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail.” - Abraham Maslow.Another version: FORCE: If you only have a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail.” – Maslow – Go into any good hardware store to see how many different tools there are. An archive of ideas would also offer many different solutions to almost any problem. - JZ, 1.7.00. - VIOLENCE, PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTARIAN IDEAS ARCHIVE

FORCE: If there are folk around at a crisis time with enough force, they'll shape the way things turn out. … Otherwise things will drift.” - Poul Anderson, Cold Victory. - So they would better have enough morality, sense and direction as well, not only "force". - JZ, 5.6.89.

FORCE: If you are not prepared to use force to defend civilization, then be prepared to accept barbarism.” - Thomas Sowell - DEFENSIVE FORCE, CIVILIZATION & BARBARISM

FORCE: If you ask us why force should be used to defend the rights of self-ownership, and not for any other purpose, we reply by reminding you that the rights of self-ownership are … supreme moral rights, of higher rank than all other human interests or institutions; and therefore force may be employed on behalf of these rights, but not in opposition to them. All social and political arrangements, all employments of force, are subordinate to these universal rights, and must receive just such character and form as are required in the interest of these rights.” - Auberon Herbert, A Voluntaryist Appeal, p.317. - Quoted in Mack edition, p 18. - SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

FORCE: If your next door neighbor does not have a right to force you to live as he pleases at the point of a gun, then neither does a judge or a policeman. Despite their pretensions and claims, these "public officials" are simply men, like you and me. If they want to fight communism in some foreign country, let them go, and pay for the war out of their own pockets.” - Source? - PUBLIC SERVANTS, VOLUNTARISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, FOREIGN POLICY, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, TERRITORIALISM

FORCE: In every form, where men hold men in subjection to themselves, force is always organized against itself, is always tending sooner or later to destroy itself. Autocrat, restless politician, or socialist, they are all only laborers in vain. There is a moral gravitation that in its own time drags all their work remorseless to the ground. Everywhere across that work, failure is written large. …” Herbert Auberon, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.75. - So why have compulsory taxation, imposed territorial laws, jurisdictions and bureaucracies, monetary despotism, territorial coercion, the postal monopoly, monetary despotism and protectionism lasted as long as they did? - They never encountered a nearly complete freedom program - and enough people prepared to recognize and realize it with all rightful means! - JZ, 21.6.00. – VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, POWER, CENTRALIZATION, PLANNING & DIRECTION

FORCE: In many instances, but by no means all, the tongue can be a better defence than the fist.” - JZ, 30.12.78, 21.6.00. – Provided the best possible replies can also be always ready in one’s mind or on hand. – JZ, 15.12.08. -  RED. - FREE SPEECH

FORCE: In the first place, force begets force, and dies by the hand of its own offspring.” - Herbert Auberon, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.75. - So why hasn’t the continuance of compulsory taxation, by numerous new tax laws, led to the abolition of all compulsory taxation? Territorial force has spread rather than being reduced. The supposedly decolonized people have set up numerous new dictatorships or "democratic" territorial despotisms. The Pax Americana has not yet been very successful, world-wide, and has not even reduced wars as much as e.g. the Pax Romana and the Pax Britannica did. 30 to 90 "minor" wars per annum, since WW II, are just a little bit too much, by my standards. Terror and suppression lead to terror and suppression and are thereby continued for all too long - at least until the genuine freedom lovers finally do get their acts together. - JZ, 21.6.00. – I read recently that there are now ca. 10 million refugees, all too often seeking asylum in vain. Force is used to keep them out of somewhat more free and prosperous countries, where they are, wrongfully, considered as mere parasites rather than collaborators, just because the “Welfare State” can’t cope with them and not even with the local unemployed that its interventions have produced. What makes this State interventionism with free migration and asylum seeking still worse is that it is still very popular and the ruling governments depend upon the votes of these under-informed voters. – Obviously, these refugees are refugees from countries in which wrongful State interventionism became too much for them. While territorialism persists, there is no longer any refuge for all of them. Instead, we get a new form of “democratically” and expensively rung concentration camps. When goods and people cannot freely cross borders then, sooner or later, armies will, is by now an already old insight but it is still largely ignored. – JZ, 3.8.13. – ASYLUM SEEKERS, ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS, TERRITORIALISM, REFUGEES, IMMIGRATION BARRIERS, FRONTIERS, BORDERS, AGAINST FREE MIGRATION & “ILLEGAL” IMMIGRANTS.

FORCE: In this universe, I choose to ally myself against any force which brings humiliation upon humankind.” - Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, ANALOG 3/76. – The avoidance of mass murder, mass destruction, atrocities etc., is more important. Pride and prestige are not ultimate values. If extraterrestrials do observe us, they have so far found insufficient reasons to be impressed by many to most of our actions, mostly those resulting from territorial statism and its intolerance and domination. – JZ, 15.12.08, 3.8.13. - ATROCITIES, MASS MURDER, MASS DESTRUCTION, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT HUMILIATION

FORCE: Initiators of force have abandoned their minds, reason and rights. Since they choose to act like wild beasts, they should be treated like beasts.” - Steve Ditko, Mr. A. - INITIATION OF FORCE, MINDS

FORCE: Injustice fights with two weapons, force and fraud. A common form of injustice is chicanery, that is, an over-subtle, in fact a fraudulent construction of the law.” - Cicero - On Moral Duties. - FRAUD, POWER, CHICANERY & INJUSTICE

FORCE: It is an injustice to use force against your neighbor – against your fellow man – to compel him to furnish you (or others) with funds. To force him to “help” you – or anyone else. To compel the conformity of his behavior; to dictate the terms and conditions of his life. To deny him, in even the smallest measure, the right to pursue happiness – as he, not you, defines it. To interfere with him in any way whatsoever – unless he has caused you or some other person an injury. Not before – and not otherwise.  - James Calvin Hanks Jr., Facebook, 23.6.12. – TAXATION, WELFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, RIGHTS, TOLERANCE, TRIBUTE LEVIES, INTOLERANCE, WRONGFUL DOMINATION, RULE, DESPOTISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

FORCE: it is not force that is dangerous but the will embodied in it.” - Norman Wilde, The Attack on the State, p.30 - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ETHICS, 1920, p.370. – INTENTIONS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

FORCE: It is not the difference in taste between individuals that Libertarians object to, but the forcing of one's tastes upon another. Individualists believe in common ownership of such things as roads, streets and waterways, and Communists believe in individual ownership of such things as clothes and personal effects. They really merge into one another; but there is no need for either to conform to the other's taste or to be deprived of its own liberty.” - Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.6. - TASTES, CUSTOMS, PREFERENCES, CHOICES, TOLERANCE, PROPERTY, FREEDOM, FORCING, PUBLIC SERVICES, PRIVATE VS. GOVERNMENTAL MONOPOLLY SUPPLY, PROPERTARIAN SERVICES TO THE PUBLIC, COMMON OWNERSHIP?

FORCE: It is not the size of the dog that counts in a fight, it is the size of the fight in a dog that counts." - Chinese proverb. - STRENGTH, BIGNESS

FORCE: It is only when the voluntary is wantonly encroached upon, that the employment of force is expedient or justifiable.” - Josiah Warren, True Civilization, p.13. - VOLUNTARISM

FORCE: It is true that man has not yet attained the degree of intelligence, which makes it possible to do away entirely with the use of force. When one man or a small group of men reverts to animal-like violence decent people have only one choice: They must use force as a means of neutralizing the misuse of force.” - Henry Grady Weaver, The Mainspring of Human Progress, revised edition, FEE, 1953, p. 240. – SELF-DEFENCE, PROTECTION, SECURITY SERVICES

FORCE: It rankles me when somebody tries to force somebody to do something. – John Wayne, in  – While that is a correct position in numerous instances, one can rightly force somebody to stay honest, preventing him from committing a crime or force him to return something stolen by him. – JZ, 1.4.12. - Individuals should force themselves to do something right and positive, not other people! - JZ, 22. 11. 06. – CRIME, HONESTY, AGGRESSION, SELF-CONTROL, PROTECTION, DUTIES

FORCE: It was not the size of the force you had that mattered, it was how you used it.” - Louis Armour, The Man from Skibbereen, a Western. - STRENGTH, BIGNESS

FORCE: Jim Stumm "rightly notes force isn't often needed, but where force IS called for, it is absolutely vital." - Pyrrho, THE CONNECTION 115, p.98.

FORCE: Justice is not achieved by force!” – Ursula Le Guin, The Dispossessed, p.246. - Certainly not by force alone. The means predetermine the end. - But justice can be upheld or restored by rightfully used force. Without being able to call upon rightful force, when it becomes necessary, justice would soon be rather helpless. - JZ, 21.6.00. – JUSTICE, MILITIA.

FORCE: Justice is the only principle that any man can rightfully enforce upon others or consent to have enforced against himself. Men may compel each other to obey this law of justice, but outside this realm, no man or group of men may lay claim to violate individual rights.” - Carl Watner, on Lysander Spooner, REASON, 3/73. – JUSTICE, COMPULSION, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

FORCE: Justice without force is impotent, force without justice is tyranny…” Pascal, Pensees, 1670, 298. – JUSTICE, TYRANNY

FORCE: Limit those reasons to ones which libertarian theory commonly treats as justifying forcible transfers - namely, that all forcible transfers be made only as restitution for previous violations of property rights.” - Jeffrey Paul, JLS, Fall 77, p.139. – CRIMES, RESTITUTION, PROPERTY RIGHTS, PROPERTY RIGHTS, INDEMNIFICATION

FORCE: men resort to force for a very simply and an easily observable reason: they do not know any better!” - Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, p.14. - True in case of the unjustified and unnecessary use of force by people who do not know any better. False for much of the rest. Sweet reasoning only helps us with some people in the defence of our rights. Try to reason with a politician, bureaucrat, policemen, tax collector, mugger, drunk, fanatic etc. - JZ, 20.6.00. – It may be easier to secede from politicians, bureaucrats, their systems, institutions and laws than to reason with them. – JZ, 3.8.13. - IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, CLASS WARFARE NOTIONS, PROPERTY RIGHTS, REASONING, AGGRESSION, CRIME, COMMUNISM, STATISM, POLITICIANS, ENLIGHTENMENT, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

FORCE: Mere force, without being combined with just and libertarian war aims and fighting methods and weapons does create more military problems than solutions in our clashes with any dictatorship. Least of all should we ever threaten or mistreat their subjects, their nationalists, with ABC mass murder devices. Our targets, as far as possible, should be individually selected and hit. - JZ, 24.3.84. - One does not hit a tyrant by wiping out millions of his subjects. Even his conscripts are largely innocents that ought, as far as possible, be given their chance to surrender, rise, or make a separate peace. - JZ, 20.6.00. - MILITARY FORCE & STRENGTH, WAR & PEACE AIMS, DEFENCE, DICTATORSHIPS, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, NWT, TARGETS, CONSCRIPTION, SECRET ALLIES, DESERTION, SEPARATE PEACE, PANARCHISM

FORCE: Mighty little force is needed to control a man whose mind has been hoodwinked, contrariwise, no amount of force can control a free man, a man whose mind is free. No, not the rack, not fission bombs, not anything - you can't conquer a free man; the most you can do is kill him.” - Robert Heinlein, Revolt in 2100, p.67. - MIND, FREEDOM, MAN, PREJUDICES

FORCE: Moreover, physical force in a man's hand is an instrument of such brutal character that its very nature destroys and excludes the kindlier or better qualities of human nature. The man who compels his neighbor is not the man who reasons with and convinces him, who seeks to influence him by example, who rouses him to make exertions to save himself. He takes upon himself to treat him, not as a being with reason, but as an animal in whom reason is not. The old saying, that any fool can govern with bayonets, is one of the truest sayings which this generation has inherited and neglected.” - Auberon Herbert, in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.409.

FORCE: nearly everyone has a pet gripe. Where they went wrong, though, was to impose their concern forcibly on everyone else. The knee-jerk solution again: FORCE everyone to wear seat belts. Terrific. And to further help the cause, FORCE the car manufacturers to install all sorts of devices on their cars. I wonder how long it will be before we find ourselves FORCED to wear crash helmets and fire-proof suits? I can't even say that I'm flattered that they should be so concerned about my safety. I'd much rather they just left me alone. If they are so concerned about their safety then let them install seatbelts on their cars and wear them, or stay off the roads, or whatever. I wouldn't even mind them trying to persuade me to do the same, or to persuade people to stop buying Brand X car because it was unsafe. But I don't like do-gooding busybodies forcing me to conform to what they think is the greatest thing since sliced bread.” - Bob Howard, FREE ENTERPRISE, 11/1974. - THE USE OF CARS, DO-GOODING, INTOLERANCE, COMPULSION, OBSESSION WITH THE SAFETY OF OTHERS

FORCE: Neither force, nor argument, nor opinion … are thinking. Argument is only a display of mental force, a sort of fencing with points in order to gain a victory, not for truth. Opinions are the blind alleys of lazy or stupid men, who are unable to think. If ever a true politician really thinks a subject out dispassionately, even Homo stultus will be compelled to accept his findings in the end. Opinion can never stand beside truth.” - T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, p.38. - If the truth is defended by an Encyclopedia of the Best Refutations. - JZ - ARGUMENT, OPINION, THOUGHT & TRUTH, IGNORANCE, STUPIDITY, PREJUDICES

FORCE: No force can compel growth.” - L. T. Hobhouse, Liberalism, 144. - Only parasitic growth can be artificially promoted by force. - JZ, 17.3.84 & 26.6.00. - Instances: The bureaucracy, the Welfare State, compulsory taxation. One might also add cancers promoted by various man-made chemicals, and various additional radiation sources, all too long promoted as being harmless. - JZ, 26.6.00. – Military training does also promote the growth of muscles but not of rightful knowledge, ideas and aims. – JZ, 15.12.08. – GROWTH, MATURITY, REASON, MORALITY, UNDERSTANDING, INSIGHTS

FORCE: No force is permanent.” - Leonardo da Vinci. - Those of territorial States, wars, compulsory taxation and legal tender have lasted already all too long. - JZ, 25.6.00. – Suitable counter-forces, e.g. panarchies and local militias for the protection of individual rights and liberties, remain to be organized and for many even to be conceived and understood. – JZ, 15.12.08. - COERCION, VIOLENCE

FORCE: No man - or group of men - has the right to assume the role of a criminal and initiate the use of physical compulsion against any man.” - Ayn Rand. - Any government which coercively upholds frontiers and uniform laws in "its" territory does thereby initiate force against all "its" dissenters and non-conformists, who would either like to trade or migrate freely or live in exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers within the territory which a territorial government has preempted. - JZ, 21.6.00. - INITIATION OF FORCE & LIMITED TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, STATISM VS. ZERO AGGRESSION PRINCIPLE, VOLUNTARISM, COERCION

FORCE: Nobody has the moral right to seek his own advantage by force. (*) That is the one unalterable, inviolable condition of a true society. Whether we are many, or whether we are few, we must learn only to use the weapons of reason, discussion, and persuasion. …” - Auberon Herbert, in Sprading, p.399. – (*) or fraud. - JZ - RIGHTS, REASON, DISCUSSION & PERSUASION

FORCE: Not violence or raw force (weapons) is evil per se but, rather, being forced to use force in self-defence and being forced to do so for the purposes of others. - An aspect pointed out to me by Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969. - JZ, 17.10.89. - Instance: Conscription into aggressive war. - JZ, 25.6.00. – Even conscription into a defensive war is wrong, especially when defensive wars are conducted all too aggressively not against the real war criminals, the foreign aggressive government, but, rather, against their primary victims, their subjects. – JZ, 3.8.13. AGGRESSION, SELF-DEFENCE, VIOLENCE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY VS. SELF-DETERMINATION, WAR- & PEACE AIMS

FORCE: On the centenary of the birth of Karl Marx (May 5, 1818), during the late War, the editor of L'INDIVIDUALISTE EUROPEEN wrote, "We have Bismarck born 1815, Marx 1818, and Spencer 1820, and two thirds of the evils upon us are due to Bismarck and Marx."- With the first two, Force was paramount in their scheme of things. The third had faith in the evolution of society to a higher plane of harmony through the restriction of Force to the defence of Liberty and the enforcement of Justice. Yet, by that strange perversion which is a common experience of prophets, to the average person the name of Herbert Spencer is apt to suggest a doctrine the most material, the least humane, and the least spiritual of the three.” - S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.391. - Bismarck and Marx were more popular because they were both statists with a "social conscience" and "social reform" program. Both ascribed to free markets those flaws, which resulted from interferences with free markets. The 19th century paid more lip service to freedom than it was prepared to realize all individual liberties. Thus the masses imagined that they were already living under "freedom" and thought that this was the best it had to offer to them. Thus they came to ask for more interventionism by the State rather than less. Spencer explained events by critical observations and fundamental principles. That is still not a popular method. - JZ, 26.6.00. – Even he left out his best chapter 19, in his “Social Statics” book, “The Right to Ignore the State”, in later editions. What would or could have happened if he had clearly advocated it not only for all kinds of dissenting minorities but also for all kinds of statists, on the basis of personal law or exterritorial autonomy, as P. E. de Puydt clearly did, in his 1860 article “Panarchy”? – However, even with the aid of the Internet this alternative is being spread and understood only all too slowly, so far. A genuine cultural revolution to speed up the process of libertarian enlightenment has still to be prepared, organized and realized. – JZ, 3.8.13. - MARX, BISMARCK & SPENCER, ENLIGHTENMENT, NEW DRAFT, INTERNET

FORCE: Only one thing can resist force, and that is justice; …” Erckmann-Chatrian, The Story of a Peasant, II, 306. - I would add: "combined with force, rightfully practised." - JZ, 27.2.92, 24.6.00. – Or: What is justice, in practice, without the power to enforce it? The official justice system has so far not effectively coped with crimes and with whole wars of criminal aggression. – JZ, 15.12.08. – All individual rights and liberties have still to be sufficiently declared or recognized. There are still many “libertarians”, who argue against the very concept of “rights”, because they have never properly understood it but mixed up with straw-man substitutes for it, false definitions of right. Even the best definition of right and morality, as offered by Immanuel Kant, was in his time and still is in our time largely misunderstood or overwhelmed by the sheer mass of popular errors, myths, prejudices and flawed to false definitions. – Adherents of the Kantian definitions are almost in the position of heretics in the times or the Inquisition. But they are no longer tortured and burnt in most cases but, rather, either ignored or shouted down by the masses. – To the extent that they failed to build up a complete enough arsenal of enlightenment tools they, too, are to be blamed for this situation. A genuine cultural revolution is required, including a free market for ideas and talents, which is wrongfully presumed to exist already, just like fully free laissez faire and capitalism are wrongfully presumed to have existed already and to have failed.- JZ, 3.8.13. - JUSTICE, MILITIA, ENLIGHTENMENT, RIGHTS, NEW DRAFT, CULTURAL REVOLUTION, PREJUDICES, POPULAR ERRORS

FORCE: Our great purpose is to get rid of force, to banish it wholly from our dealings with each other, to give it notice to quit from this changed world of ours; but as long as some men - like Bill Sykes and all his tribe - are willing to make use of it for their own ends, or to make use of fraud, which is only force in disguise, wearing a mask, and evading our consent, just as force with violence openly disregards it - so long we must use force to restrain force. That is the one and only one rightful employment of force - force in the defence of the plain simple rights of liberty, of the exercise of faculties, and therefore of the rights of property, public or private, in a word, of all the rights of self-ownership - force used defensively against force used aggressively. The only true use of force is for the destruction, the annihilation of itself, to rid the world of its own mischief making existence.” - Auberon Herbert, in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.411.

FORCE: Properly, careful distinctions should be made between force per se, the initiation of force, retaliatory force, and coercion. For the purpose of this paper, coercion and the initiation of force are to be taken as being synonymous.” - Don Franzen, Reply to Peter Crosby's Utopia of Competition, in THE PERSONALIST. - RETALIATORY FORCE, INITIATION OF FORCE & COERCION, ZAP

FORCE: purely natural forces - which can never be as perverse as the ones we humans create.” - W. R. Thompson, Solving Problems, ANALOG, Mid Sept. 1983, 104. - Well, some diseases and natural catastrophes come close enough to make many people doubt the existence of a benevolent God as a father of us, supposedly his children. - JZ, 26.6.00.

FORCE: So long as men desire to live together, no man may INITIATE - do you hear me? no man may START - the use of physical force against others.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.949. - THE INITIATION OF FORCE, ZAP, AGGRESSION, NON-INITIATION OF FORCE

FORCE: Stupid men believe that force can improve other men's morals; they want force to stop men's drinking, or smoking, or gambling. Superstition clouds their minds; they imagine that force can produce economic results; …” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.206. – At the same time, they are all too tolerant towards statism, oppression, wars and popular errors, myths and prejudices, i.e. let major man-made catastrophes occur without and serious and rational efforts to prevent them. They are too busy to end what they consider to be the worst “sins”. – JZ, 3.8.13. – PROHIBITION, “SINS”, APATHY TOWARDS THE WORST WRONGS, REFORMERS

FORCE: that every evil violently stamped out still persisted, almost always in a worse form, when driven out of sight, and festered under the surface.” - Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.13. - Territorialism remains as the worst crime against humanity. - JZ, 3.8.13.- VIOLENCE & EVIL, CRIME, STATISM, CENTRALIZATION, POWER, DOMINATION

FORCE: The ant-men of the future, who believe in force, consider that you can determine whether twice two is four by knocking people down who disagree with you.” - T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, p.38. - ANT-MEN, STATISTS, COERCION, TRUTH, DECISION-MAKING

FORCE: The bayonets are valuable only when they protect a right or demand it.” - Giuseppe Mazzini, Manifest of the Young Italy. - RIGHTS & BAYONETS

FORCE: The common denominator in all government activity is the use of force: Government either forces you to do things, forces you not to do things, or forces you to pay for things.” – Doug Newman - COERCION, COMPULSION, VIOLENCE, TAXATION & GOVERNMENT

FORCE: the continued use of force, as is natural, develops a superhuman stupidity, a failure to see the real meaning and drift of things, in those who use it.” - Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.75. - STUPIDITY

FORCE: The direct use of physical force is so poor a solution to the problem of limited resources that it is commonly employed only by small children and great nations.” - David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.5. - - With children fighting the cause is not really limited resources. They may possess hundreds of different toys. But when one of them uses one of these toys for the moment then the other seems to think that he or she must absolutely and right there and then also play with that particular toy, while ignoring his or her numerous other toy resources. Nor does the possibility of simply waiting until the other child gets tired of using that particular one, seem to enter their mind. Nor are they open to such a suggestion. The "instant gratification" generation, favoring every whim - or the "now!" generation! Has the attention span of children been shortened by children's books, radio and TV broadcasts? Or were they always like that? - JZ, 21.6.00. – I rather hold that it is used by all territorial governments and this with the consent of all too many of its voluntary victims. Even most of its involuntary victims have still not better system in mind, for they, too, are still territorialists. - JZ, 30.3.12. - Nations are not and cannot be great or be more than mere fictions – as long as they do still coercively “embrace” or rule over many peacefully dissenting minorities and individuals. – JZ, 3.8.13. - PHYSICAL FORCE, COERCION, COMPULSION, CHILDREN & NATIONS, INTOLERANCE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, MONOPOLY CLAIMS

FORCE: The executioner, as Maistre said, is the corner-stone of our society. But it is because we refuse to release the creative energies of men.” - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, 1975, p.155, in an article on H. J. Laski. - CREATIVE ENERGIES

FORCE: the fight against the aggressive use of force which is "a mere survival of barbarism, a mere perpetuation of slavery under new names, against which the reason and moral sense of the civilized world have to be called in rebellion." - S. Hutchinson Harris, on Auberon Herbert, p.700-701, quoted in Mack, Auberon Herbert, p.15.

FORCE: The generation to which we belong is now learning from experience what happens when men retreat from freedom to a coercive organization of their affairs. Though they promise themselves a more abundant life, they must in practice renounce it; as the organized direction increases, the variety of ends must give way to uniformity. That is the nemesis of the planned society and the authoritarian principle in human affairs.” - Walter Lippman.- COERCION, VIOLENCE COERCION, TERRITORIALISM, UNIFORMITY, UNITY, EGALITARIANISM, NATION-BUILDING

FORCE: The idea of governing by force another man, who I believe to be my equal in the sight of God, is repugnant to me. I do not want to do it. I do not want any one to govern me by any kind of force. I am a reasoning being, and I only need to be shown what is best for me, when I will take that course or do that thing simply because it is best, and so will you. I do not believe that a soul was ever forced toward anything except toward ruin.” - Samuel M. Jones. - in Sprading? – REASON, GOVERNMENT

FORCE: the initiation and introduction of force into social relationships has been, is now and forever will be contrary to and destructive of such association.” - Nicholas Raeder, Free Earth. - Governments do not even recognize some of the most important individual rights and habitually infringe the ones they declared. So how can anyone consider them to be protectors of individual rights? - JZ, 21.6.00. - THE INITIATION OF FORCE, PROTECTION, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

FORCE: The intelligent and moral use of force is something very different from the dumb and immoral use of force. - JZ, 10.6.82. - MORAL & IMMORAL, RATIONAL & IRRATIONAL, MILITIA, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, POLICE, PROTECTION, DEFENCE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

FORCE: The less reasonable a cult is, the more men seek to establish it by force.” - Rousseau, Correspondance a M. Lárcheveque de Paris. - FOOLISHNESS, FANATICISM, RELIGIONS, INTOLERANCE

FORCE: The mainspring of human progress is freedom, not state force.” - Duncan Yuille, Education. - VS. FREEDOM, PROGRESS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

FORCE: The man who throws stones at others is, with logical necessity, declaring himself a public target.” - Paul Lepanto, Return to Reason, p.119. - Compare: “People that live in glass houses should not throw stones." – Alas, the best form of tyrannicide, an ancient tradition, is still all too widely doubted today and mistaken for mere assassination or murder. Even anarchists and libertarians have not yet developed or agreed upon a quite rightful resistance, revolution, defence and liberation program. – JZ, 3.8.13.

FORCE: the more governments or other external organizations constrain individuals by imposing force or the threat of force upon them, the less moral they will be. Presently, people become unable to discern moral procedures. They learn, instead, to obey in an effort to avoid violence imposed upon them. …” - Robert LeFevre, LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Summer 78, 8 & 9. – MORALITY, THIRD PARTY INTOLERANCE & DESPOTISM VS. FREE EXCHANGES & ACTIONS BETWEEN CONSENTING ADULTS, VOLUNTARISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, IMPOSED COLLECTIVISM VS. FREELY CHOSEN COLLECTIVISM OR COOPERATION, TERRITORIALISM

FORCE: The most powerful single force in the world today is neither Communism nor capitalism, neither the H-Bomb nor the guided missile - it is man's eternal desire to be free and independent.” - John F. Kennedy, address, Washington, D.C., July 2, 1957. - But it is not a force that is known, appreciated, informed, organized and mobilized widely enough. - JZ, 20.11.85, 3.8.13. – Least of all by territorial and nuclear power mongers like J.F.K. – So far it is only potentially the greatest force. Too many creative energies remain constitutionally, legally and juridically enchained. “Release all creative energies!” -as Leonard E. Read frequently demanded. - JZ, 15.12.08, 3.8.13. - POWER, MIGHT, FREEDOM

FORCE: the one great curse of the human race is the use of force in the imposing of one's will, religion, habit, custom, or moral code upon another.” - Edward H. Fulton, THE EGO, quoted in: Reichert: Partisans of Freedom, p.194. – TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSION, GOVERNMENT, STATISM, COERCIVE COLLECTIVISM, IMPOSITION OF FLAWED OR FALSE “IDEAS” UPON DISSENTERS

FORCE: The only possible justification for violence, therefore, is to break down the barriers that tyrants erect in order to keep men from the truth. When all avenues to education and discussion within society have been deliberately blocked by despots who desire to keep the people in subjection, the sons of liberty will be in the right when they employ force to strike down these barriers. But short of this condition, violence is always to be abjured. Tucker seems to have exactly this principle in mind when he wrote: "Bloodshed in itself is pure loss. When we must have freedom of affiliation, and when nothing but bloodshed will secure it, then bloodshed is wise. But it must be remembered that it can never accomplish the Social Revolution proper; that that can never be accomplished except by means of agitation, investigation, experiment, and passive resistance; and that after all the bloodshed, we shall be exactly where we were before, except in our possession of the power to use these means."- Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.156. - RESISTANCE, REVOLUTION, TYRANNY, VIOLENCE

FORCE: The only proper purpose of a government is to protect man's rights, which means: to protect him from physical violence. … The proper kind of government acts on the principle of man's self-defence. … (It) may resort to force only against those who START the use of force. … Men have the right to use physical force ONLY in retaliation and ONLY against those who initiate its use.” - O'Neill: Ayn Rand. - She didn't believe in a God as a loving father but still believed in the possibility of a territorial and otherwise limited government, with compulsory membership, as a sufficiently loving Big Brother to act only as she suggested. - What precedents did she have in mind? Why did she expect any monopolistic territorial government to act in this way, turning its expensive and inefficient protection racket into a rightful, wanted and efficient one, while competition with it would be expressly outlawed? - JZ, 21.6.00. – LIMITED GOVERNMENT, MINI-GOVERNMENT, MINI-STATE, AYN RAND

FORCE: The only true use of force (that is, physical force used as regards a person or his property against his consent),which can be morally justified is force used to defend and maintain self-ownership - all the other uses of force being aggressive, being infringements upon the ownership of the individual. For those infringements there is no moral sanction to be found. …” - Auberon Herbert, The Idea of Government, in 19th CENTURY OPINION, p 206/207. – Auberon Herbert, writings online, 219,000 search results by Google, 2.8.13! – He is described as founder of modern voluntarism. – I was not aware that so many others do by now already appreciate him as much as I do. Are all his writings and those of many other great libertarians already offered on a single disc, saving much search and downloading labor and time? - JZ, 3.8.13. - DEFENCE, SELF-OWNERSHIP

FORCE: The policeman's - Government's - function is to stop the few robbers and killers who hinder the others' working. (*) From what their work produces, the majority supplies the policeman with food, shelter and other necessities. (**) When the policeman turns his gun upon them all, in the delusion that force can CONTROL life-energy, he not only hinders and prevents their working for themselves; he also cuts off his own source of supply. (***) - This is a very simple picture of what happens. The world seems infinitely more complex and complicated than that. Yet the most incomprehensibly complex mechanisms work upon very simple principles. …” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.41. – She discovered much about the history and development of liberty. However, did or anyone as yet discover enough of individual liberty and its options? – Is all of this information as yet offered anywhere together? – JZ, 3.8.13. - (*) Did any government ever succeed in doing this? - (**) Yes, IF they were voluntary subscribers. Otherwise their "supply" is an enforced tribute payment! - (***) Thus he does not prevent them from working but he prevents them from not paying taxes! Why assume that he would be more foolish than those mobsters who run the unofficial protection rackets? They do not stop their victims from working but privately tax away all too much of their earnings.) - JZ, 21.6.00. - CONTROL, GOVERNMENT, HUMAN ENERGY

FORCE: The price of freedom is the willingness to do sudden battle, anywhere, any time, with utter recklessness.” - Robert Heinlein, The Puppet Masters, XXXV. - Not e.g. with ABC mass murder devices. And all other roads to liberty should be taken as well and first of all, as long as they can be opened, remain open and effective. - JZ, 20.6.00, 3.8.13. - FREEDOM

FORCE: The question is: What would a society be like IF the State renounced the use of force against individuals?” - Eric Bruce Lindsay, in his GEGENSCHEIN. – Can e.g. enough of the factions of the statist temporarily majoritarities be induced also to do this, in the own interest, i.e. to realize their non-territorial or personal law alternatives for independent self-governance and to respect self-determination likewise for all non-statist societies and communities, which just wish to do their own things among their volunteers? Territorial statism allows only a few to dominate all the rest of a population and can never do this quite rightfully. Rule over voluntary victims is never a quite wrongful domination, regardless of how much it harms them and, objectively, also wrongs them, in their status as reasonable and moral beings, entitled to self-ownership and self-determination. – JZ, 3.8.13. - RENUNCIATION OF FORCE, THE STATE, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, FULL FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, CONTRACT, DISASSOCIATION, SECESSION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

FORCE: the same narrowing of the perception-horizon to the technique of organizing force.” - Ekkehart Krippendorff, Staat & Krieg, Suhrkamp, 1985, S.69. – STATISM, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, COERCIVE COLLECTIVISM & EGALITARIANISM


FORCE: The task must be to banish from mankind's thoughts the idea that anybody has the right to use force against righteousness, against justice, against mutual agreements.” - Alexander Sozhenitsyn, quoted in THE FREE MAN'S ALMANAC. – Banish or sufficiently refute? – JZ, 3.8.13. - RIGHTEOUSNESS, JUSTICE, AGREEMENTS, CONTRACTS, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE

FORCE: The third method is force. You do what I want or I shoot you.” - D. Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.19. – Only criminals with involuntary victims and other aggressors against individual rights and liberties ought to become dominated or eliminated. – JZ, 3.8.13. - INTOLERANCE, CRIMES, AGGRESSION, INVASION, LIBERATION, WRONGFUL DOMINATION, FREEDOM & RIGHTS VS. ARBITRARY VICTIMIZATION

FORCE: The use of force alone is but temporary. It may subdue for a moment; but it does not remove the necessity of subduing again: and a nation is not governed, which is perpetually to be conquered.” – Edmund Burke, Speech on Reconciliation with America. - Territorialism is a particularly wrongful application of force and it has become an all too long lasting use of wrongful force. - JZ, 21.6.00, 3.8.13.

FORCE: There is only one basic rule of just human relationships: No man or group of men may attempt to deprive a man of a value by the initiation of physical force, the threat of force, or any substitute for force, such as fraud.” - Morris & Linda Tannehill, The Market for Liberty, p.121. - INITIATION OF FORCE OR FRAUD

FORCE: There is, therefore, only one rightful use of force. The individual, as self-owner, has a right to defend his self-ownership with force against force, but there his right to use force begins and ends. That right he can delegate to others if he choose, and as a matter of convenience it is much more convenient that he should delegate it instead of exercising it in his own person, and those to whom he delegates it we may without objection continue to call by the name of the State.” - Auberon Herbert, in 19th CENTURY OPINION, 207. - How did he manage to overlook here that "the State" is probably the least suitable organization for the protection of individual rights? – Like all other great men, he, too, underwent a period of development. This is, probably, only a statement of one of his earlier development stages. Temporarily, he was even a politician. It would be interesting to see compiled, for each great pro-freedom thinker, the stages of the development of his thinking, chrononogically represented by significant quotes from his statements. - JZ, 20.6.00, 3.8.13. - SELF-DEFENCE, STATE, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, PROTECTION, POLICE MONOPOLY, JURISDICTION & LEGISLATION MONOPOLY, PARLIAMENTARISM, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITARIANISM

FORCE: there never yet has been a great system sustained by force under which all the best faculties of men have not slowly withered …” - Auberon Herbert, in Sprading, Liberty & the Great Libertarians, p.399. – Release all creative energies! – Leonard E. Read - MAN, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

FORCE: They remember the wise saying: "Any fool can govern with bayonets." They see that those who use force most freely are as a one-eyed race, with very limited perceptions, able to perceive dimly the immediate consequences, but not the more remote consequences of what they do. And just as these disbelievers in force see that those who accustom themselves to the use of force grow stupid, (*) and not only stupid but brutal, so they see that those, who are subject to force, also grow stupid in their own way, indifferent, apathetic, and generally revolutionary in temper. They see that mistakes made under force systems are apt to persist, that they are not easy to discover or remedy, when you have discouraged the growth of all systems by their side…” - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p.233. - (*) unless they let their use of force be guided only by the intention and suitable practices for the defence of individual rights and liberties! - JZ, n.d. & 21.6.00, 3.8.13. - STUPIDITY, BRUTALITY

FORCE: Those who believe in the beneficence of force have never yet agreed upon the crimes that should be forbidden, the method and extent of punishment, the purpose of punishment, nor even its result. They simply agree that without force and violence social life cannot be maintained.” - Clarence Darrow. - There should be full freedom for believers in whatever force and punishment, to apply them among themselves, in their own volunteer communities, under full exterritorial autonomy. And all the diverse freedom lovers should have the same option. It is high time to establish freedom of action in the remaining few spheres where experimental freedom has been preempted by territorial governments: the political, the economic and the social spheres. In all others we do enjoy this liberty already to a large extent and take it for granted. Unless we do so extend our rights and liberties and do so fast, our very survival, the survival of mankind is at stake. - JZ, 21.6.00. – PUNISHMENT, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM, SURVIVAL OF MANKIND, NWT

FORCE: Those who say that reliance upon government is reliance upon force are right, of course, but it is not simply a reliance upon nice, clean, hygienic force, it is reliance also upon distempered, petty, mean, and brutalizing force.” - Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, June 76, 344. – Territorial government represents the worst kind of force. - JZ, 30.7.92. - GOVERNMENT, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, DEFENSIVE FORCE VS. AGGRESSIVE, CRIMINAL & SUPPRESSIVE FORCE

FORCE: those who use force must be repelled by force. By their own act they place themselves in the force-relation, and, barbarous as is the relation, we must accept it just as far as they thrust it on us.” - Auberon Herbert, A Politician in Sight of Heaven. - Nuclear weapons are not the right response to Nuclear War, no more so than are terror, torture, scorched earth warfare, conscription, oppression, the murder of prisoners, and compulsory taxation - effective means to defeat terror, torture, scorched earth warfare, conscription, the murder of prisoners, oppression, and compulsory taxation. The counter-force should be based upon individual rather than collective responsibility and upon full recognition of individual rights and liberties rather than totalitarianism and territorialism and upon corresponding weapons and warfare methods. The more the other side e.g. suppresses freedom of expression and information, freedom to secede and live under personal law, the more this should be systematically utilized against a despotic regime. The more it tries to prevent e.g. tyrannicide, desertion, escapes, insurrections, secessions, neutrality declarations, revolutions, resistance actions, treason and separate peace treaties and the establishment of rightful governments and societies in exile (all only for their present and future volunteers), the more these should be utilized as allies against any oppressive regime. Its conscripts should be regarded as potential allies or neutrals, to be liberated rather than mass-murdered. It nationalized property should be considered as an asset to be privatized in advance, as far as possible, for the benefit of the liberated and the liberators. The seeming strengths of the enemy regime could and should be turned against it, in a military and economic ju-jitsu. Then further violence and bloodshed and destruction can become minimized, ideally turning a total war into a limited and rightful police action against the major criminals only - or preventing an otherwise coming war altogether. Resistance to liberation forces must further be minimized by the declaration of quite rightful war and peace aims and their practical demonstration on the own side, e.g. through governments- and societies in-exile, which are exterritorially autonomous and do represent and aim to represent only voluntary members. The old notions of military force and power are wrongful, clumsy and often self-defeating. Libertarian defence, liberation, revolution, military insurrection and tolerant foreign policies towards all tolerant movements, do form a new kind of political and military science compared with which the old and territorialist “sciences” of defence, liberation, revolution, military insurrections and policies are rather primitive and barbaric, wrongful and inefficient. Their most "powerful" weapons turned out to be the most incapacitating, wrongful and useless or even suicidal ones. Nevertheless, anarchists and libertarians have not yet agreed upon their alternative policies and this after decades of the threat of nuclear war. Whom else but themselves can they blame for this omission? - JZ, 19.4.89 & 22.6.00, 3.8.13. - See especially PEACE PLANS 16-18 & 61-63, both on and - as well as - Is there as yet a website that clearly describes e.g. all the forms of voluntary taxation that have already been experimented with during history, and those, which still exist in some form for some groups or that have been proposed for our future? Often even the coercive tribute levies of the present taxation systems are still quite wrongfully described as “voluntary taxation”! Our languages are open to almost any abuse in favor of governmental or private vested interests. Please, help perusing the numerous hints now offered online. Today, with Google: voluntary taxatioin in history, 17.8 mill results. – voluntary taxation system, 3.72 mill results – voluntary tax system definition, 2.8 mill results – voluntary compliance tax system, 1,21 mill results – voluntary tax system, 3.72 mill results. Without sorting out as many results in a sufficient way, this kind of information explosion can overwhelm an individual and he or she can at most extract and ponder some examples of it. One should imagine the tax burdens all of us are forced to bear would be a sufficient incentive to tackle that job – in sufficient and well organized division of labor, so that the job per participant becomes bearable. – Who will effectively initiate and organize that project? If there were already a comprehensive libertarian project list online or a digital libertarian ideas archive or directory indicating special libertarian interests … - JZ, 3.8.13. – VOLUNTARY TAXATION

FORCE: those who use force never act long together, for the force-temper leads them to turn their hand against each other.” - Herbert Auberon, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.75. - Too much wishful thinking is involved here. Hitler did not rule for his whole adult lifetime but even 12 years of his rule was already far too much. Stalin ruled much longer, and so did Mao. They lived in a time without a tradition of tyrannicide and without sufficient knowledge of effective other forms of resistance and liberation. They benefited greatly from the prior existence of territorial statism and nationalism. Territorial statism has now ruled so long already that most are convinced that it existed forever in recorded history and that it will continue indefinitely, in spite of its many wrongs and disadvantages. - JZ, 21.6.00.

FORCE: To the extent that government uses force for any reason other than to protect individuals from aggression, such force is immoral and is in violation of Natural Law.” - Robert J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.314. - AGGRESSION, PROTECTION, NATURAL LAW

FORCE: To use force against people who have not themselves used force against others is evil.” - Tibor Machan, ANALOG, 9/75. - Sometimes the use of preventive force is justified even against innocents, to prevent them from unintentionally causing an even greater evil. - Science fiction stories are full of such possibilities. - JZ, 21.6.00.

FORCE: Too much energy is subtracted from productive energies. Too much force is opposed to the natural uses of men's energies. The people are hungry. And will they curb their Governments? Will they abolish such a use of force? Does that kind of action occur to them? - Not at all; they blame their rulers. They rebel, and change their rulers. That is what they have done, in Italy, in Greece, in Austria and Rumania and Poland and Germany and Spain. - The pattern is as old as human life. (*) The new rulers use more and more force, more police, more soldiers, trying to enforce more efficient control, trying to make the planned economy work by piling regulations on regulations, decree on decree. The people are hungry and hungrier….” (**) - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.66/67. – How did she expect unarmed, unorganized and untrained people to curb a rapacious and oppressive government? - (*) Territorial States are a relatively late invention in human development! - (**) But the rulers live fairly well, nevertheless - and manage to "bear with dignity the suffering of their victims"! - JZ, 21.6.00. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, DEMOCRACY, VOTING, RULERS, POLITICIANS

FORCE: Trade does not require force.” - Henry George, Protection or Free Trade? – Under its influence the use of force will be more and more reduced. – JZ, 1512.08. – FREE TRADE, FREEDIN OF CONTRACT, ASSOCIAITION, EXPERIMENTATION, SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW – IN EVERY SPHERE! H. G. DID NOT GO THAT FAR. HENRY GEORGE

FORCE: Try to imagine a system of labor imposed by force that is not a violation of liberty; a transfer of wealth imposed by force that is not a violation of property rights. If you cannot do so, then you must agree that the law cannot organize labor and industry without organizing injustice.” - Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.236. - LABOR LEGISLATION, TAXATION, LIBERTY, INJUSTICE, PROPERTY, WEALTH, TRANSFER ECONOMY

FORCE: Try to live in a way that you will not need to resort to force.” - Tolstoy. - If you accumulate some wealth you must be prepared to defend it forcefully against those who would otherwise take it. You should not resort force to acquire wealth but you may rightfully use it to defend it or to hire such a defence. The advice should also be addressed to the improvident, so that they do not arrive at desperate personal situations that might induce them to commit crimes to survive. - JZ, 13.6.00. - LIVING

FORCE: Tucker was not opposed to the use of force, but it was foolish in his opinion to "resort to it before necessity compels, … as a general thing, when force becomes necessary, the wiser way is to use as much as possible as promptly as possible; and, until it becomes necessary, there cannot be too little force." - (85/1) - Carl Watner, JOURNAL OF LIBERTARIAN STUDIES, Fall 1977, 311. - As much discriminating force as is necessary - when other means would not work or did fail. - JZ, n.d. & 20.6.00. - DISCRIMINATION, NECESSITY, NON-VIOLENCE

FORCE: Using force to force our goodness on anybody cancels out all the goodness!" - Ron Paul, quoted by Sid Non-Vicious LeRoux on Facebook, 2.3.12.  COERCION, VIOLENCE, GOODNESS

FORCE: Violence might be justifiable as it approaches the focusing and control of surgery. Self-defence is by its nature focused, because it is counter-violence directed only at a perpetrator of violence.” - Howard Zinn, Disobedience & Democracy, p.48. – VIOLENCE, SELF-DEFENCE

FORCE: We can be coerced and still remain autonomous, that is, inwardly free. And this is the reason why it is said that force can never extinguish in man the spark of liberty.” - G. Sartori, Liberty & Law, p.29. - The less there is liberty, the more important it becomes - and at least some remain or become aware of this. - JZ, 8.6.80. - AUTONOMY, INNER FREEDOM, LIBERTY, COERCION

FORCE: We live and work in a sea of laws, rules, regulations and restrictions which DO use force against one for the benefit of another, but we have been told that this is "freedom", and many do not see that force is used to license a TV station or Doctor, to give food stamps to a hungry family, to operate a public school, to create a "public job" or to collect a tax of any kind. …” - JAG, 31.1.78. - WELFARE STATE, LAWS, REGULATIONS, CONTROLS, POLICING, SUPERVISION, SUBSIDIES, HAND-OUTS

FORCE: We must not … doubt that roads can be built, letters carried, and the fruit of labor secured, when the government of force is at an end. Are our methods now so excellent that all competition is hopeless?” - Emerson, quoted in Sprading, 151. – GOVERNMENT, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

FORCE: What, then, may be done when the violation of rights threatens? So strong is Herbert's critique of force that, especially in his early writings, he is uncomfortable about affirming the propriety of even defensive force. Thus, in "A Politician in Sight of Heaven" the emphasis is on the fact that the initiator of force places his victim "outside the moral-relation" and into "the force-relation". Force, even by a defender, is not "moral". The defender's only justification is the necessity of dealing with the aggressor as one would with "a wild beast". - Mack, editor, Auberon Herbert, p.17. - Compare Kant's definition of right, to which he added: "Right is accompanied with the authority to enforce it."

FORCE: Whatever needs to be maintained through force is doomed.” - Henry Miller, The Absolute Collective, The Wisdom of the Heart, 1941.

FORCE: When a fact can be demonstrated, force is unnecessary; when it cannot be demonstrated, force is infamous.” - Robert C. Ingersoll, Prose-Poems and Selections, 1884. - But some won't accept demonstrated facts but rather follow their spleens - at other people's expense. Against these only force will help. - JZ, 20.11.85. – Atheists had ca. 3 centuries to enlighten the religious people – but managed to enlighten only a growing percentage of the population. – JZ, 15.12.08. – FACTS, RELIGION,

FORCE: When a man chooses to use force to obtain values, he is no longer to be dealt with as a man; he is to be dealt with as the brute he is.” - Ann Wortham, FOCUS, May 68. - RIGHTS

FORCE: When liberty is taken away by force it can be restored by force. When it is relinquished voluntarily it can never be recovered.” - Dorothy Thompson. - "Never" isn't correct but it does then become more difficult and time-consuming. Some revolutions were somewhat liberating and were won. - JZ, 29.6.00, 3.8.13.- LIBERTY

FORCE: When one by force subdues men, they do not submit to him in heart. They submit because their strength is not adequate to resist.” - Mencius, Works, 4th-3rd c. B.C., 4, tr. Charles A. Wong. - STRENGTH, MIGHT, SUBMISSION, LOYALTY

FORCE: When people do not know how little they know, they'll effectuate their nonsense by force!” - Leonard E. Read, Talking to Myself, p.149. - IGNORANCE VS. KNOWLEDGE, TOLERANCE, FREEDOM, RIGHTS & MORALITY

FORCE: Who overcomes by force hath overcome but half his foe.” - John Milton, Paradise Lost, 1667, 1.648. - Quoted in READER'S DIGEST, 1/79. - No, he has made many real enemies. - JZ, 30.12.78, 3.8.13. - If not many more new enemies. - JZ, 14.6.00 & 21.6.00. - VICTORY, DEFEAT, POWER, ENEMIES ENEMY, COERCION, CONQUEST, FOREIGN POLICY, ATTRACTION, WAR AIMS, PEACE AIMS

FORCE: Whoever preaches force instead of reason must be met by superior force in the name of reason.” - Gustav Stolper, This Age of Fable, p.16. - As long as he finds no or only very few followers, he might still be conceded freedom of speech. But when many other savages join him and begin to act on their aggressive notions, then the time for actions against them has come. The greatest military and police force in the world could and should be an ideal volunteer militia for the protection of individual rights, one that could self-mobilize itself almost instantly. It could and would effectively resist new totalitarian efforts. - JZ, 21.6.00. – REASON, MILITIA

FORCE: Whoever tries to realize his opinion by force and orders does thereby merely prove that it stands on weak feet.” - Montaigne, Essais, 3, 11.

FORCE: Whosoever relies mainly on coercion will ultimately fail. He can count only on some limited and temporary and outward "successes". - JZ, 29.6.99. - He can count on being lied to, cheated, betrayed and deserted, overthrown or assassinated, whenever the opportunity for this arises. - Why anyone would want to put himself into such a situation I do not know, unless he is a hopeless power addict. - If that is the case then the sooner someone kills him, the better for all the rest. - JZ, 14.6.00. - COERCION, VIOLENCE, COMPULSION, TYRANNICIDE

FORCE: You can do anything with bayonets except sit on them.” - Camillo di Cavour, quoted by Seldes. – Primitive seats could even be made out of bayonets. – JZ, 15.12.08. - BAYONETS

FORCE: You cannot force others to be free. You can only act in such a way that you do not prevent them from practising their liberties. - JZ, n.d. & 24.6.00. – Including their self-chosen and self-imposed restrictions upon their own individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 15.12.08. – TOLERANCE FOR TOLERANT ACTIONS, PANARCHISM, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, RIGHT TO MAKE MISTAKES AT THE OWN EXPENSE, FREEDOM

FORCE: You will never make an ass a horse by beating him.” - Hindu Proverb, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 11/77. - So why do the beatings of women and children and minor wars and gang wars etc. go on and on? - JZ, 21.6.00. - COERCION, COMPULSION

FORCED BUSING: Support Kidnapping – Support Forced Bussing.” - Button No 443 offered in LIBERTAS REVIEW, Sum. 78.

FORCED LABOR: No society has the right to institute forced labor among its citizens.” - T. L. Brink. - No society would. All States do, and be it only via taxation, which coercively takes off them the proceeds of much their year of work. - JZ, 21.6.00.

FORCED LABOUR: The taxation of earnings from working is the equivalent of forced labor.” – Nozick, retranslated from Uwe Timm’s German version in his book: Gesammelte Schriften, 36. - TAXATION

FOREIGN AFFAIRS: Does morality stop at the water's edge? Is it not precisely one of the requirements of our century that we begin applying in the world those moral precepts we insist on at home?” - Howard Zinn, Disobedience & Democracy, p.94/95. - Unfortunately, we do not insist upon all moral precepts at home either and not enough for those we do know and somewhat appreciate. - JZ, 21.6.00. - INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS & MORALITY,  IMMIGRATION, FREE MIGRATION, BORDERS, FRONTIERS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, FOREIGN POLICY, INTERVENTIONISM

FOREIGN AFFAIRS: What kind of international understanding would you expect from people still at the stage of habitually throwing garbage over their neighbours' fence and out of the windows of their cars? - Can we expect much better behavior from those "leaders" who are elected by majorities formed by such people? - We need freedom to separate ourselves and our properties from such people and their leaders. And much better protective services than they are able and willing to provide. - JZ, 16.3.80 & 26.6.00, 3.8.13. - FOREIGN RELATIONS, FOREIGN POLICY, MAN, BARBARIANS, MAJORITIES, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, MILITIA, LITTERBUGS & POLITICIANS, GARBAGE VOTES, ELECTION OF THE WORST THE LEAST ENLIGHTENED

FOREIGN AID: A cynic had defined aid as simply the system by which poor white people in rich countries gave money to rich black people in poor countries to put into Swiss bank accounts. - Wilbur Smith, The Elephant Song, Pan Books, 1992, p.283.

FOREIGN AID: Aid provided by people who don't want to give it.” - Alex Stanway, Privatizing Foreign Aid, L.A. – And, usually, also given to those who do not deserve it and embezzle or waste it in one way or the other. - JZ, 19.8.02. – GOVERNMENT TO GOVERNMENT FOREIGN AID, DEVELOPMENT

FOREIGN AID: An independent report conducted several years ago found that of the sixty-six less-developed countries receiving money from the World Bank for more than twenty-five years, thirty-seven were no better off than they had been before they received their loans. Of these thirty-seven, twenty were actually worse off. And of those twenty, eight had economies that had shrunk by at least 20 per cent since their first loan. (*) – No democratic government would have been re-elected if it had turned in such a record.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, HarperCollins, – p.442. - (*) The World Bank and Economic Growth: Fifty Years of Failure, The Heritage Foundation, Backgrounder, 16.5.96. – Subsidies & bailouts for failures are counter-productive. - JZ, 3.8.13. - WORLD BANK,

FOREIGN AID: Egypt is asking US for a loan - to pay back some of the $ 7 billion they owe USSR for weapons, etc. …” - SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 9/75.

FOREIGN AID: end all foreign aid - a device for the American taxpayer to subsidize American export industries and foreign governments, all in the name of "helping" the starving peoples of the world.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, p.289. – What percentage of all foreign aid by governments is given in form of weapons and military training turning other governments into even worse Warfare States? – JZ, 3.8.13. - END ALL FOREIGN BY GOVERNMENTS, FREEDOM FOR FOREIGN PRIVATE INVESTMENTS AND FREE TRADE & FREE MIGRATION INSTEAD

FOREIGN AID: Establish free banking at home and also “export” its principles and practices to foreign and underdeveloped countries. That, together with free trade, free investments, free migration, free enterprise and voluntary taxation and property rights as well as panarchistic ideas and practices would constitute the best kind of “foreign aid” that we could and should provide to countries that need them still. And which one doesn’t? – JZ, 11.7.91, 6.10.08, 3.8.13. - FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE TRADE, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE TRADE, FINANCIAL FREEDOM, FREE MIGRATION, PROPERTY RIGHTS, PANARCHISM

FOREIGN AID: Even the most generous charity cannot make up for all the wrongs, mistakes and errors of the government in the countries aided. - JZ, 13.12.92. - And no charity is a sufficient substitute and as effective as are free private investments. - JZ, 22.6.00.

FOREIGN AID: Every time it takes this money without his agreement and gives development aid overseas, it is preventing him from exercising directly the morality of true charity by his giving that money to his church or other chosen causes.” – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.7. - Or by investing it profitably in an underdeveloped foreign country that does not penalize or prohibit such investments. - JZ, 21.6.00. - VS. CHARITY, INVESTMENTS & CREDITS

FOREIGN AID: Favors easily induce in individuals and in peoples, a certain degree of irritation and discontent towards the benefactor.” - Alfred Sauvy, quoted in: C. Bingham, Men & Affairs, 315. - Especially if these favors are granted to what the people in foreign countries often do consider as their own main enemy, namely the own government. - JZ, n.d. & 21.6.00.

FOREIGN AID: Foreign "aid" for under-developed countries is the classic case where politicians have poured thousands of millions of other people's pounds, dollars, marks into India and Africa without creating a fraction of the food and wealth production that has flowed from profit-seeking commercial investments.” - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, 1985, p.113. - FOREIGN AID OR FOREIGN INVESTMENTS?

FOREIGN AID: Foreign “aid” has slowed the growth of poor nations.” - Richard C. Cornuelle, Healing America, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1983, p. 85.

FOREIGN AID: Foreign aid by governments to governments, out of taxes, is no rightful or sound substitute for free private investments and free and voluntarily granted aid by individuals and groups to individuals and groups in other countries. - JZ, 13.6.00.

FOREIGN AID: Foreign aid is a classic example of the welfare state's myopia and its destructiveness toward people: the two most important exports we have are the Declaration of Independence and the free market system, yet, for two generations, the U.S. aid program has exported only money and government bureaucracy.” - Newt Gingrich, Window of Opportunity, A Blueprint for the Future, p.127. - WELFARISM, FREE MARKET, INDEPENDENCE, STATISM, FREE MARKET, BUREAUCRACY

FOREIGN AID: Foreign aid is money that is taken from poor people in rich countries and given to rich people in poor countries.” - Quoted by Ken Schoolland. – Foreign Aid is taking money from poor people in a rich country and giving it to rich people in a poor country. – Ron Paul, quoted by Alain Genestine in Facebook, 7.2.12. - Foreign aid is the involuntary transfer of earned wealth from the American taxpayer to some anonymous foreign recipient. In one word, it is plunder.” - Anthony C. Sutton, What Is Libertarianism? p.9. - Foreign aid might be defined as a transfer from poor people in rich countries to rich people in poor countries.” – Douglas Casey (1992) - DEVELOPMENT

FOREIGN AID: Foreign aid or international development aid should mainly consist in explaining and applying the ideas and practices of economic and other individual liberties, rights and responsibilities, on a voluntary basis, to those already convinced of them or interested in them enough to give them a hearing and a try. In short: "Release all creative energies!" (Leonard E. Read) - JZ, 12.1.90. - DEVELOPMENT

FOREIGN AID: Free economies need no subsidies. They can manage e.g. with free trade and free foreign investments and monetary freedom and free migration. But un-free economies are a bottomless pit, especially for subsidies granted to their governments. - JZ, 2.12.95. – SUBSIDIES, CRISES, FREE MARKET SELF-HELP, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, FREE TRADE, FREE MIGRATION

FOREIGN AID: Free trade, free enterprise, free investments, free banking, privatization and the introduction of cooperative and partnership production, in a business-like way (*), are the best foreign aid. And they cannot be provided by a government to a government. Both governments have to get out of the way and remove their past obstacles and make sure they do not introduce any new ones. - JZ, 24.6.91 & 22.6.00. – (*) I am glad that the following important self-management titles is now also offered on - for a liberal approach to the organization of work - (1939) Hyacinthe Dubreuil, A Chance for Everybody. A liberal basis for the organization of work [English] – JZ, 3.8.13.

FOREIGN AID: freedom instead of free rice" should "be exported". - Neera Badhwar, THE FREEMAN, 10/74. - VS. FREEDOM AS EXPORT

FOREIGN AID: Government-to-government foreign aid promotes statism, centralized planning, socialism, dependence, pauperization, inefficiency, and waste. It prolongs the poverty it is designed to cure. Voluntary private investment in private enterprise, on the other hand, promotes capitalism, production, independence, and self-reliance.” – Henry Hazlitt. - ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – Henry Stuart Hazlitt, quoted by Albert Knock, 4.1.13 on Facebook. - Every alternative to this should be on a completely voluntary basis, at the expense and risk of the experimenters, whatever their ideology may be. - JZ 23. 11. 06. - He should have added that private investments require a stable currency, freedom from taxes, full monetary and financial freedom, free trade, also, largely, the replacement of hierarchical organizations by various self-management schemes, which extend capitalist rights, responsibilities and incentives to all people within an enterprise. Monarchism in large productive enterprises is not sufficiently better than is monarchism in large political units. – JZ, 10.1.08. – Constitutional monarchism of the English model has hardly anything to do any more with absolute monarchies and their centralized despotism. It is much more comparable to an Ombudsman or ultimate veto authority if the elected politicians, once again, abuse their territorial power all too much. As such it has serve Australia very well. Even when this power had already to be delegated to Governor Generals, as representatives of the Queen, who were appointed upon recommendation of the local politicians. The aura of the English monarch as a guarantor for justice, has enveloped or influenced these appointees as well. The are rather independent of party politics. No one is seriously afraid any more of any despotism from the UK monarchy for England and any of the Commonwealth countries. Not even I as an individualist anarchist am. The territorial and elected political governments are another matter. They do continuously restrict or threaten our individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 3.8.13. - STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATE SOCIALISM, PLANNING, POVERTY, DEPENDENCY, PAUPERIZATION, WASTE & INEFFICIENCY. VOLUNTARY & UNEXPLOITED PRIVATE INVESTMENTS AS THE SOUND ALTERNATIVE, UNDER ECONOMIC FREEDOM CONDITIONS OR FREE ENTERPRISE CAPITALISM, CENTRAL PLANNING, STATE SOCIALISM, PRIVATE INVESTMENTS, FREE TRADE

FOREIGN AID: Hardin argues that trade is the only humane and dignified currency between nations because ‘one-way transfer of wealth produces parasitism’ and parasitism, as biology has taught us, degenerates protector and dependant.” - Adele Horn, N.Y., in NATIONAL TIMES, 28.7.74, OR 75, on Dr. Garrett Hardin's views. - VS. TRADE

FOREIGN AID: He concludes that Government foreign aid as it exists at present is a deterrent, not a spur to World economic prosperity and even to the economic progress of the under-developed recipients themselves.” - D. M. Kulkarni, in INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, May 75, on Hazlitt: The Fallacy of Foreign Aid.

FOREIGN AID: help people - not governments, and friends, not enemies.” - Viv Forbes, COMMON SENSE, Feb. 82.

FOREIGN AID: How can the self-righteous advocates of foreign aid prefer the resulting waste and corruption to the beneficial effects of profitable commercial investments which has yielded more rapid economic progress throughout Europe, America and even Malaya and Hong Kong?” - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.18. - FOREIGN AID OR FREE FOREIGN INVESTMENTS?

FOREIGN AID: I have heard it said by more than one foreigner that we are the only nation in the world that exhibits all the annoying traits and practices of imperialism without asking for any of the rewards of imperialism. The mere machinery of imperialism, with all its implied and actual interferences, is in itself annoying. When no actual exploitation accompanies the outward appearance, puzzlement and annoyance on the part of the recipients are the result, and finally resentment and even hatred. As one Brazilian put it, "We don't understand what goes on. You pour money into the country wholesale with all the accompaniments of waste, stupidity and folly in the apparent assumption that you can buy anything you like including our friendship and self-respect and price and even progress. That makes us think you are damned fools. Then you insult us by telling us that you do this because we are a backward nation." - Louis Bromfield, A New Pattern for a Tired World, p.8. - That puzzlement resulted finally in the absurdity of attacking an efficient and popular food franchise business like MACDONALD'S! When there is no genuine complaint, one make one up, like this one, to seemingly justify one's irrational and antagonistic feelings! - Before they complained about American car fashions, architecture, advertisements, coca cola etc. - while quite ignoring real flaws in American governmentalism - and governmentalism everywhere else. - JZ, 21.6.00. - ANTI-AMERICANISM

FOREIGN AID: If aid is directed to the rural areas, to the villages, to the civil society, it can have some impact – but if aid is sent to the government, the politicians will only buy more aircraft and weapons and channel money to their personal Swiss bank accounts.” - Agwu Amogu, in his speech on “Bringing Freedom to Africa”, as reported in FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, 12/07, p.12. – CORRUPTION

FOREIGN AID: If we must give handouts to foreigners it would be better used to assist refugees from the vicious dictatorships in Eastern Europe, Indo-China and Afghanistan. Giving donations to such governments is of no value to the defence or security of Australia nor does it help the foreigners in real need.” - Viv Forbes, COMMON SENSE, Feb. 82.

FOREIGN AID: If you are unwilling to help yourself and if your government is not willing to stop making problems for you, how can you expect foreigners to solve your problems for you with "foreign aid"? - JZ, 23.6.00. – SELF-HELP & LIBERATION VS. TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTALISM

FOREIGN AID: In 1985, a massive international relief effort was undertaken to alleviate the famine in the north. As a result of appeals such as the hugely popular Live-Aid concerts, a veritable mountain of grain – more than 500,000 tons in all – was shipped to Ethiopia that year. For all the good intentions, however, very few hungry people got fed. What happened was that most of the grain would end up rotting in warehouses in the eastern Ethiopian port cities of Assab, Massawa, and Djibouti. As the relief workers discovered to their dismay, what Ethiopia needed wasn’t more food, but more trucks and more roads. – Paul Zane Pilzer, Unlimited Wealth, updated edition, Crown Publishers, New York, 1994, p.34/35.- ETHIOPIA

FOREIGN AID: is analogous to the gift of money to an alcoholic with no strings attached.” - E. C. Pasour, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 12/75, p.720. –

FOREIGN AID: Jay Forrester, Professor of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is another eminent academic who urges Americans to acknowledge the limits and consequences of humanitarianism. If good deeds, in the long run, only perpetuate misery, are they indeed good? Hardin would add: "Especially if these so-called good deeds eventually bankrupt the wealthy countries."- Adele Horn, N.Y., in NATIONAL TIMES, 28.7.74, OR 75, on Dr. Garrett Hardin's views & those of Prof. Jay Forrester.

FOREIGN AID: Most countries need better ideas and practices more than funds. With better ideas and practices they could effectively help and develop themselves in most instances. - JZ, 13.12.92. - Under economic freedom there would even be a rush of private investment capital from the rest of the world into such countries. - JZ, 22.6.00.

FOREIGN AID: Most of the donations for the so-called development aid are not thrown into the hat of the beggar but into the Street.” - Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, III/265. – Moreover, it is not beggars who need to be financially helped but, rather, productive people and firms. – Otherwise begging becomes a “successful” “profession”. – JZ, 3.8.13.

FOREIGN AID: Mr. Toni Hagen, founder of the vast UN Aid operation, estimates that only one-seventh of relief goods reaches the person in Bangladesh for whom it was intended.” - FINANCIAL TIMES (6/1), quoted in THE INDIVIDUALIST, London, April 1975.

FOREIGN AID: One corollary of the libertarian policy of peaceful coexistence and non-intervention between States is the rigorous abstention from any foreign aid, aid from one State to another. For any aid given by State A to State B (1) increases the tax aggression against the people of country A, and (2) aggravates the suppression by State B of its own people.” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.195. - The use of the terms "its own people" implies already much more than can rightly be granted. - JZ, 22.6.00.

FOREIGN AID: Other countries, as well as our own, require freedom ideas and techniques much more than any other capital and currency. With them sufficient capital and sound currency can be very rapidly supplied and oppression, corruption, exploitative taxation, monopolies, mass unemployment, inflation, deflation, stagflation, economic crises can be ended and avoided and any rightful aims be rightly and voluntarily achieved as fast as possible, faster than most people think possible, outdistancing any "economic miracles" of the past. Such information can be very cheaply compiled, transmitted and accessed. - JZ, 8.1.98, 14.6.00. - VIA FREEDOM IDEAS & PRACTICES, CHEAPLY TRANSMITTED VIA ALTERNATIVE MEDIA

FOREIGN AID: our "aid" to foreign countries is in no sense a voluntary act, but an act based on the principle of violence. Consider what would happen were you not to pay the foreign aid part of your tax bill! That this is violence, however, is not my point. The point is the extent to which aid on a voluntary basis has been all but forgotten as a possibility. Violence has so far superseded love in actual application that people are referring to this act of violence as charity! It is as if they insisted on doing good even though they had to kill someone in the process!” - Leonard E. Read, Instead of Violence, p.28.

FOREIGN AID: Our foreign aid is a tribute payment to barbarians - like the ones the Romans paid, under threats. - JZ, 1.7.66. – The barbarians are the rulers, not their subjects and vicitms, as a rule. – JZ, 3.8.13.

FOREIGN AID: our support would be far more productive if we would do a better job of sowing the seed, instead of merely donating the fruit.” - Henry Grady Weaver, The Mainspring of Human Progress, revised edition, FEE, 1953, p. 208. - FREEDOM IDEAS, LIBERTARIAN ELECTRONIC LIBRARY, ENCYCLOPEDIA, IDEAS ARCHIVE ETC. OFFERED CHEAPLY ON A SINGLE DISC.

FOREIGN AID: People within the United States are free to do anything they want with their personal funds, but it is immoral to tax Arabs and send that Israel, or to tax the Jews and to send that to the Arabs." - Michael Badnarik

FOREIGN AID: Peter Bauer, a professor at the London School of Economics, concludes after years of study that foreign aid retards the progress of the countries we sent it to.” – Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.10. - He also points out that at the same time progress in the sending country is retarded as well. - JZ, 21.6.00. - PROGRESS

FOREIGN AID: Potlatch … Human, American Indian. Conspicuous consumption. Humiliate your enemies by destroying your own wealth.” - Larry Niven & Jerry Pournelle, A Moat Around Murcheson's Eye, p.259. - AN INTERNATIONAL POTLATCH

FOREIGN AID: Produce free banking at home and also export its principles and practices. That's the best foreign aid you could give. - JZ, 11.7.91. - FREE BANKING

FOREIGN AID: Stable and competing privately and cooperatively issued currencies, and a quite free capital market, together with other economic freedom aspects, among others e.g. Free Trade and free migration, could do much more for any under-developed countries than any other foreign aid project could. – And if we ourselves quite consistently applied all freedom ideas among ourselves then they would soon be copied in other countries, for there are no copyrights restrictions on such ideas. – JZ, 12.12.08.

FOREIGN AID: Stop all government to government foreign aid, which helps these ... tyrants in power and encourages socialist mega-project boondoggles that further destroy their economies.” - Jim Stumm, THE CONNECTION 125, p.63.

FOREIGN AID: Supply economic sense rather than economic aid! - JZ, 29.10.83.

FOREIGN AID: Taxing poor people in rich countries for the benefit of rich people in poor countries.” - Bernard Rosenberg. – Compare: “U.S. Foreign Aid: Money paid by poor people in a rich country to rich people in a poor country.” - THE DAILY TELEGRAPH, London, 1976.

FOREIGN AID: The American "progressive" feels ashamed of what he calls the social backwardness of this country. He considers it a duty of the U.S. to subsidize foreign socialist governments lavishly in order to enable them to go on with their ruinous socialist ventures.” – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.169. – State socialist wrongs! – JZ, 3.8.13.

FOREIGN AID: The current rationalization of this international dispensation of alms is that it is necessary to prevent the spread of communism. But, communism is a way of life imposed on a people by their politicians, and if these, for their own purposes, choose communism, our "aid" simply enables them to make that choice. …” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.123. – Largely a way of mass murdering, with over 200 million victims last century. – JZ, 3.8.13.

FOREIGN AID: The giving of aid only makes both poorer because aid does not support capitalism, the mainspring of the free market, but merely keeps alive and functioning the corrupt totalitarian regimes which are the enemy of the free market.” - LIBERTARIAN DIGEST, Sydney, Feb. 82.

FOREIGN AID: The policy of the US and other Western countries has been to "ban trade and give aid." - Ken Schoolland, FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, No. 57. - FREE TRADE VS. PROTECTIONISM

FOREIGN AID: The United States distribute much money and little thought.” – Savador de Madariaga, quoted in Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Band 1, Reportagen und Gespraeche, Knaur, 1976, S. 275.

FOREIGN AID: There have been two forms of aid to Latin America by the U.S. during the past 30 years, direct financial grants … and investment by Americans and American companies in Latin America. The results of the former are, to say the least, exiguous. The results of the latter have been to furnish jobs for 20% of the Latin American workforce.” - Bill Buckley, NR, April 18, 1967, page 392.

FOREIGN AID: Tony Blair called for $ 50 billion in aid to Africa by 2014 – but according to the African Union, Africa loses $ 150 billion a year to corruption. It would be money poured down a rat hole.” – Agwu Amogu, in his speech on “Bringing Freedom to Africa”, as reported in FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, 12/07, p.11. – CORRUPTION, FOREIGN INVESTMENTS, INTERNATIONAL TRADE

FOREIGN AID: Trade not Aid is no empty slogan. There is no doubt we could do more to help Africans raise living standards by allowing them to trade fairly and freely with people in the rich countries than we can ever hope to achieve by so-called aid. The opportunity to earn and be independent ennobles: the acceptance of aid degrades and embitters.” - Betty Noble, GOOD GOVERNMENT, 8/76.

FOREIGN AID: U.S. foreign assistance fails to help the poor because it is of necessity based on one fundamental fallacy - that aid can reach the powerless even though channeled through the powerful.” - Frances Moore Lappe, Joseph Collins & David Kinley, Aid as Obstacle, quoted in PROGRESS, Feb. 81.

FOREIGN AID: Uncle Sam would do well to give countries like India or Bolivia the tree of free enterprise instead of the fruits thereof. With this sturdy sapling, foreign nations could begin their own unhampered trek towards prosperity without foreign aid subsidies…” - Charles Heath, The Golden Egg, p.47. - FREE TRADE, FREE INVESTMENTS & FREE ENTERPRISE

FOREIGN AID: Unrestricted and unregulated imports and exports, full financial freedom, monetary freedom, free migration and exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities rather than foreign aid. Trade not Aid. Investments, not Charity. - JZ, 25.12.90 & 14.6.00.

FOREIGN AID: We are for aiding our allies by sharing some of our material blessings with those nations which share in our fundamental beliefs, but we are against doling out money government to government, creating bureaucracy, if not socialism, all over the world. We set out to help 19 countries. We are helping 107. We spent $146 billion. With that money, we bought a 2-million-dollar yacht for Haile Selassie. We bought dress suits for Greek undertakers, extra wives for Kenya government officials. We bought a thousand TV sets for a place where they have no electricity.” - Ronald Reagan.

FOREIGN AID: We find that "foreign aid" money was never intended to reach, and never did reach, the oppressed victims of foreign potentates. The money was given to the potentates themselves to help them hold their peoples in subjugation.” - Franklin Dix, FREEDOM (Libertarian American), Spring 1973.

FOREIGN AID: We should urge economic freedom upon other countries, not economic aid. - JZ, 9.7.90 & 26.6.00.

FOREIGN AID: What is the appropriate response by people in highly developed countries in cases where food shortages are due to conscious government policies, which restrict food production? Providing aid in such cases may only exacerbate the problem. That is, relief of hunger in countries which have confiscated private property, instituted price controls and otherwise reduced food production, can help to perpetuate the system (whether the statism is despotic or benign) that is to blame for much of the suffering to begin with. …” - E. C. Pasour, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 12/75.

FOREIGN AID: What is wrong with government-to-government foreign aid? It denies to the individual his freedom to support only those causes he feels are justified.” – Richard W. Grant, The Incredible Bread-Machine, 1966, p.153. - And at the same time, profitable internal savings and investments in the aid granting and aid receiving countries, as well as foreign investments, are largely officially discouraged or penalized and sometimes even outlawed! Free foreign investments could raise much more than can any foreign aid program and they would be much more productive and beneficial to all participants. - JZ, 21.6.00. – Being tax-supported and directed by territorial governments, like all other such abuses, foreign aid goes on an on. – JZ, 15.12.08.

FOREIGN AID: Without freedom to achieve and without a measure of security for life and property, aid is useless; and with freedom, it is unnecessary.” - Edward P. Coleson, THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p. 559. - FREEDOM

FOREIGN AID: You can't solve famine by feeding people," Adams intoned. "First principle of ecology. If you can't make people self-sufficient, your relief does more harm than good…" - Wade Curtis, Power to the People, ANALOG, 8/72.

FOREIGN COUNTRIES: Only un-free countries are foreign countries. - JZ 13.6.87. - Other countries that are at least somewhat free are countries full of potential friends and business partners, loving freedom as much as we do and their people are thus no aliens or foreigners for us. - JZ, 26.6.00. – Even un-free populations, under foreign dictators, do largely consist out of our potential friends and allies, as “captive nations” or “secret allies”, if only we do, quite obviously, treat them as such. – JZ, 20.11.10, 3.8.13. - FREEDOM

FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROLS: the absence of exchange control had become the mark of a civilized and honest country.” – F. A. Hayek, Denationalization of Money, p.88. – At most “a” mark! Even all these countries are still subjected to the wrongs and irrationalities and damages of monetary despotism. – JZ, 15.12.08.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROLS: The only relevance is that the maintenance of a fixed exchange rate, which is below the free market rate, exerts an irresistible temptation to create the supply of one's own money necessary to hold down the rate by exchanging it for the other nation's currencies. This increase in money supply is inflationary; VIDE Germany and Switzerland!” - Enoch Powell, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 6/75. – It is not only a temptation but an irresistible pressure that leads, within 2 to 3 years, in combination with the immediately increased prices for imports to an inflated price level corresponding to the rate of this devaluation. – I have not seen any other confirmation of my views on this subject, except in the writings of Ulrich von Beckerath. – All libertarian knowledge and ideas have still to become assembled encyclopedically and in library- and archive-form. – Any libertarian book, author and existing private libertarian library can offer only so much. And this while by now an external HD of 1 TB could cheaply offer the equivalent of 3 million books in freedom writings! - JZ, 16.12.08. – LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY ON A CHEAP LARGE DISK, 1 to 4 TBs AT MOST.

FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS: Our own internal governments are mostly foreign governments for us, too, except when it comes to taxation and regulations and prohibitions. When did you last have a personal talk with “your” prime minister or even with one of his departmental ministers or even merely with your local “representative? – They are not exactly part of your family or your way of living or are they? Or are you related to them? – JZ, 23.2.09, 3.8.13. – COMPARE: GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE.

FOREIGN INVESTMENTS: An American or European business that invests its capital in an underdeveloped country does not exploit the natives. Capital investments anywhere raise labor productivity and consequently wages. …” - Hans F. Sennholz, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 72. - EXPLOITATION

FOREIGN INVESTMENTS: Every investment is a foreign investment to the one who receives most of the benefits - the productive debtor. His productivity becomes multiplied through such capital. - JZ, 2/75.

FOREIGN INVESTMENTS: It is better to own a single property than to decry the foreign land investment.” - Robert Champlin, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 9/75. - Anyhow, any property not owned by me is a foreign investment for me, regardless of the nationality of the owner. And my property if a foreign investment for all of them. Neither of the other owners is likely to supply me with gifts. All simply desire to exchange their products and services in a world-wide division of labor and free exchange system in which race, nationality, religion and location of the participants is, apart from transport difficulties, largely irrelevant. - JZ, 22.6.00. - MULTINATIONALS, INTERNATIONAL CORPORATIONS, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY

FOREIGN INVESTMENTS: It seems impossible for the anti-capitalist mentality (which prevails among the politicians of the world, particularly in the underdeveloped countries) to recognize that both sides normally benefit from any voluntary economic transaction, whether a purchase-sale or a loan-investment, domestic or international.” – Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.166.

FOREIGN INVESTMENTS: More foreign investments, please! - JZ, 75.

FOREIGN INVESTMENTS: You have to realize that, in all countries except England, foreign capital investment played a considerable part in the development of modern industries.” – Mises, Economic Policy, p.81. – And yet most governments have placed restrictions upon foreign investments. – But then what else but senseless actions can you expect from most governments? – JZ, 17.9.08. – DEVELOPMENT

FOREIGN OWNERSHIP: Foreign ownership is objectionable, like internal ownership, only if it extends to legal monopolies and gets even further away from self-management schemes. But then not foreign ownership should be abolished but the monopolies. The hierarchical structures of control by a few proprietors should be replaced by the voluntary capital associations and self-management schemes of the employees, making their own capitalistic take-over bids, to increase productivity and their incomes and assets. - JZ, 22.12.92 & 22.6.00. ????

FOREIGN POLICY: A democracy should, strictly speaking, have no foreign policy.” - Carl J. Friedrich, The New Belief in the Common Man, p.118. - The author has dealt with these problems at some length in a volume entitled Foreign Policy in the Making, published by W. W. Norton, 1938. – DEMOCRACY

FOREIGN POLICY: Big government is no more beneficial in foreign policy than it is in domestic affairs. It is precisely because the world economy and the world society are interconnected and interdependent that individual governments mixing in the situation create conditions leading to war and conflict.” – Murray N. Rothbard, PENTHOUSE INTERNATIONAL, 10/76. - BIG GOVERNMENT, PROTECTIONISM, TARIFFS, FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROL, POLITICAL POWER ALLIANCES, WARFARE STATES, WRONGFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, ENEMY DEFINITION, FREQUENTLY CHANGING, WARFARE STATES

FOREIGN POLICY: Foreign policies of territorial governments towards each other do ensure only continued insecurity, oppression and poverty rather than security, liberation and free and rapid development. - JZ, 13.6.00. – FOREIGN POLICIES OF TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM

FOREIGN POLICY: Foreign policy and diplomacy, just like trade and self-defence, do not belong to the statists. - JZ, 1.7.92, 16.12.08. - Pick your own friends and enemies, aims and purposes and negotiate freely how to realize them, across all artificial borders, with all but territorial the governments on the other side. - JZ, 26.6.00. – DIPLOMACY, SELF-DETERMINATION, INDEPENDENCE

FOREIGN POLICY: foreign policy is conducted regardless of popular vote, in the presence of a sheep-like Congress. The voter is as helpless in foreign policy as someone watching with binoculars from a mountaintop while a murder is being committed on another mountaintop.” - Howard Zinn, Disobedience & Democracy, p.63. - DIPLOMACY, TREATIES, DECISION-MAKING, CONGRESS, VOTING, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

FOREIGN POLICY: Good relations with any foreign ruler means all too often no relations at all or only bad relations with many to most of his subjects. - JZ, 5.4.95.

FOREIGN POLICY: In the ideal moral world, no States would exist, and hence, of course, no foreign policy could exist. Given the existence of States, however, are there any moral principles that libertarianism can direct as criteria for foreign policy? The answer is broadly the same as in the libertarian moral criteria directed toward the "domestic policy" of States, namely, to reduce the degree of coercion exercised by States over individual persons as much as possible.” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.189, chapter 25: On Relations Between States. - Alas, he, too, did not distinguish between territorial States and exterritorially autonomous communities or societies of volunteers. Governments do not necessarily have to possess any territorial powers and rightfully cannot possess them. But, if they are granted them then all kinds of anti-libertarian actions and beliefs follow automatically. - Did R. anywhere and quite clearly uphold individual sovereignty and secessionism and the exterritorial autonomy that would follow from it for the associations or societies of free people? - JZ, 22.6.00. – I found only hints in this direction but no clear expression of panarchism in his writings, just like with most of the other anarchists. – JZ, 16.12.08.

FOREIGN POLICY: None but voluntary foreign governments should be supported and also all kinds of volunteer communities should at least be recognized in their rightful aspirations for full exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 5.4.95. - GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, RECOGNITION, PANARCHISM, WAR- & PEACE-AIMS

FOREIGN POLICY: One should never exclude madness as a factor in foreign affairs.” - Russel Baker, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 2.8.77. – Mainly the madness of addiction to territorial power. – JZ, 5.8.13. -  WORLD CONQUEST ATTEMPTS, POWER ADDICTION, PRESTIGE, DOMINATION & CONQUESTS, IMPERIALISM,

FOREIGN POLICY: Only international relations with volunteer communities are just, beneficial, peace-, security-, freedom- and prosperity-promoting. All relations with internal and foreign territorial governments tend to promote the opposites. - JZ, 5.4.95, 13.6.00. , VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, PEACE, PROSPERITY, SECURITY, FREEDOM, FOREIGN AFFAIRS, ALLIANCES BETWEEN WARFARE STATES AGAINST OTHER SUCH ALLIANCES, BALANCE OF POWER STRUGGLES, ARMS RACES

FOREIGN POLICY: The broad goal of our foreign policy is to enable the people of the U.S. to enjoy in peace the blessings of liberty.” - John Foster Dulless, Address, before the Foreign Policy Association, N.Y., 16. Feb. 1955. - But, as with the Welfare State, the means employed assure the contrary! - JZ, 8.7.82. – Especially when foreign policy is conducted monopolistically by territorial warfare States. – JZ, 16.12.08. – WARFARE STATES

FOREIGN POLICY: The means of defense against foreign danger historically have become the instruments of tyranny at home.” - James Madison - ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – ARMS RACES LEADING TO WARS, ALLIANCES TO FEAR & WARS, ONLY TEMPORARILY DETERRING WARS, DEFENCE, WAR & TYRANNY, STANDING ARMIES

FOREIGN POLICY: We ought to be on good relations with all foreign people rather than with all foreign governments. Nor should we permit our own governments to monopolize such affairs. Passengers on Spaceship Earth, loaded with mass murder devices, can't afford political power games. – It means leaving survival decisions to the worst criminals and mass murderers. - JZ, 13.6.00, 16.12.08, 5.8.13. - PEOPLE VS. GOVERNMENTS, DECISION ON WAR & PEACE

FOREIGN POLICY: While war and peace decisions are monopolized by territorial governments wars are more promoted than is peace. At best they do not achieve any lasting peace, based upon fundamental rights and liberties but merely temporary armistices. - JZ, 22.6.00, 5.8.13.

FOREIGN POLICY: Wrongful foreign policies, based on territorialism, murder more people, directly or indirectly than do all private murderers and mad serial killers combined. Yet they are rarely analyzed and criticized, far less replaced by libertarian and liberating policies. - JZ, 17.4.97 & 14.6.00. - MASS MURDER, WAR, THREATS OF WAR, CRIME, MURDER, PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE,  CAPTIVE NATIONS AS SECRET ALLIES, WAR- & PEACE AIMS, LIBERATION, WARFARE STATES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

FOREIGN RELATIONS: Foreign relations should be a matter only for those who have them and want them, e.g. like with overseas relatives and trading partners. Foreign relations not individually authorized are wrong. Based on territorial sovereignty and its usurpations, they are wrong. Between exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers they would develop or exist naturally, across all present borders and would always be backed by individual consent or ended by individual secessionism or that by like-minded societies and communities of volunteers only. - JZ, 8.2.95, 5.8.13.

FOREIGN RELATIONS: It is written, "Thou shalt not oppress thy neighbour". Now they neighbour is as thy brother, and they brother is as they neighbour. Hence you learn that to rob a Gentile is robbery.” - Tana d'be Eliyahu, 74, of The Wisdom of Israel. - FOREIGNERS ARE NEIGHBOURS, TOO

FOREIGNERS: Foreigners and aliens and illegal immigrants have individual rights and liberties, too, the same as the natives and earlier immigrants. To imprison them or force them to live in camps until legally allowed in or deported, is, morally, a major crime, however legalized it may be by territorial governments and their majorities of under-informed, prejudiced voters with all too limited interests to acquire real knowledge of public affairs their rightful conduct, based upon zero aggression and zero monopolism. - JZ, 1.12.99, 14.6.00, 5.8.13. – Which territorial government is today not guilty of this kind of public policy crimes? – Evidence can be found e.g. in its immigration laws and practices, its protectionism, its monetary and financial despotism. - JZ, 16.12.08, 5.8.13. - ALIENS, ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS, IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIIONS


FOREIGNERS: Not long ago, in some parts of the western world, anyone from the next village was considered a foreigner, a stranger, i.e. coming from the outside (foris, extraneus). Now, for the multicultural cosmopolitan open-minded citizen/traveller/communicator of this world there are no foreigners, at least not in a permanent way. Foreigner is or might be only the one(s) we are not familiar with, we don’t know, until we do know him/her/them.” - Gian Pietro de Bellis, in his new, 2002 book manuscript on Polyarchy, 2002. – Even in my time in Germany, there were still villages in some provinces in East Germany where the male youths of one village ganged up against an alien male “foreign” youth from another village, who dared to woe a girl of the own village. The local males of a village considered the local girls to be their “property”! – And this in the supposedly somewhat civilized, developed and enlightened Germany! - JZ, 5.8.13. - ALIENS, SECOND-CLASS CITIZENS

FOREIGNERS: the unknown is not by definition evil.” – Spider Robinson, Callahan’s Crazy Crosstime Bar, p.113. – However, the territorial governments of foreigners can be and often are real enemies, even of their own subjects. In the latter case their subjected people should be treated as our secret or even open allies. – JZ, 3.11.07. - ALIENS, FEAR OF OR HATE TOWARDS THEM, AT LEAST GREAT SUSPICION, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, ENEMIES, WAR- & PEACE AIMS, LIBERATION, DES., TARGETS, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, UNILATERAL PEACE OFFERS, APPEALS

FOREIGNERS: there really is no such thing as a "foreigner". - Maya Kaathryn Bohnhoff, ANALOG letter, July 91, p. 314. - The real aliens or foreigners are those among us who look like us but have really inhuman, cruel, unjust and mad ideas in their heads - on making themselves happy by making other people unhappy or seriously wronging them. - JZ, 17.1.93, 5.8.13.

FOREIGNERS: Therefore, I declare in the Law: "Love ye the stranger." - Numbers Rabbah, Naso, 8: 2, in: The Wisdom of Israel. – You need not love him but be tolerant, peaceful and just towards him. – JZ, 16.112.08. - ALIENS, NATIONALISM, HATREDS

FOREIGNERS: Where there is no discrimination against foreigners, when everyone is free to live and work where he likes, there are no longer causes for war.” – Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.243. - ALIENS, DISCRIMINATION, IMMIGRATION BARRIERS, FREE TRADE & PEACE, PROTECTIONISM & WAR


FORESIGHT: To him who merely sits and waits, assuredly will come at last his nemesis; constant reconnoitering and probing is the only defense that has a chance. The only way to avoid disaster is to go looking for it.” - R. C. W. Ettinger, Man into Superman. – Not even all ideas, hypotheses and theories on economic crises, wars, despotism, unemployment and inflation seem to be systematically and critically examined today. Instead, superficial and mostly false sectarian views and flawed generalizations prevail here, too. – JZ, 16.12.08, 5.8.13. - LONG TERM VIEW, EXPLORATION, RESEARCH, SCIENCE, CRISES, DISASTERS

FORFEITURE LAWS: Did You Know: A 70-year old black grandmother lost her house in D.C. because the police alleged that one of her sixteen grandchildren had drugs in her house.” - Secrets of the Sentient. – DRUG WAR

FORFEITURE LAWS: It is now apparent that the drug authorities can punish American citizens by seizing their cars or boats not after indictment, much less conviction, but after nothing more than one allegation by a police officer. What has happened to the constitutionally guaranteed presumption of innocence?” - Judge James Gray. - SEIZURE OF PROPERTY, UNJUST & IMMORAL JURISDICTION & LEGISLATION

FORGERIES: Adolf Hitler's fake British bank notes expected to fetch £2k at auction - - It is central banking and legal tender laws that make such abuses possible. - It is much harder and close to impossible to forge a multitude of competitively issued private currencies, all only with a limited circulation area and circulation period.  – JZ, 13.7.11, on Facebook, revised: 5.8.13.

FORGIVENESS: Do not forgive them for they do not know what they are doing to us and are doing it, nevertheless and do not care about what they are doing to us and others of their victims. – JZ, 23.1.07, 25.10.07. - FOR POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, RULERS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, PREMIERS?

FORGIVENESS: Forgive your enemies - but first get even.” - Blood on the Sun, a film with Cagney. - ENEMIES & REVENGE

FORGIVENESS: God forgives, I don't!” - Title of Terrence Hill & Bud Spencer movie, a Western. – The getting even attempts should only be directed against the real criminals and not, according to the “principle” of “collective responsibility” against whole populations, which are also victims of these criminals. – JZ, 5.8.13. - FORGIVE INJUSTICES? INDIVIDUAL VS. COLLECTIVE RESONSIBILITY, ENEMIES & CAPTIVE NATIONS & SOCIETIES AS SECRET ALLIES

FORGIVENESS: One should forgive one's enemies, but not before they are hanged.” - Heinrich Heine, 1797-1856, as quoted by Robert Heinlein, The Cat Who Walked through Walls, p.28. – Whole populations are never guilty collectively and thus should not be exterminated. They, too, are victims rather than victimizers under territorialism. They should be largely considered as secret or open allies and treated as such, i.e. liberated rather than exterminated. – All wrongful notions seem to be related to each other and so are all rightful ones. A few words and sentences cannot sufficiently describe all these interrelationships. – Under territorialism friends and enemies are not sufficiently sorted out. - JZ, 5.8.13. – ENEMIES, DES, SECRET ALLIES, LIBERATION, DEFENCE, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, REGUGEES, APPEALS, UNILATERAL PEACE OFFERS, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, ENEMIES, WAR CRIMINALS

FORGIVENESS: That old saw about "To understand all is to forgive all" is a lot of tripe. Some things, the more you understand the more you loathe them. My sympathy is reserved for Barbara Anne Enthwaite whom I had never seen, and for her parents, who would never again see their little girl.” - Robert Heinlein, Starship Troopers, p.97. – UNDERSTANDING, CRIMES WITH VICTIMS

FORGIVENESS: The blood of a brother cannot be washed away. … Never to forgive, never to forget.” - Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, ANALOG, 3/76, 83. - Understand but do not forgive and forget! - JZ, 14.11.76 & 24.6.00. – What about the murder of sisters, parents, friends, lovers? So many thoughts, even of proverbial wisdom, are incomplete. - JZ, 16.12.08. - EXCUSES, UNDERSTANDING, ENEMIES, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, SECRET ALLIES, DICTATORSHIPS, DESPOTISM, TOTALITARIANISM, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, WAR CRIMINALS, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

FORGIVENESS: The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.” - Mahatma Gandhi – Should all tyrants and mass murderers be forgiven? Such forgiveness should be very conditional. E.g., they should surrender or destroy at least one mass murder device first. – JZ, 8.8.08. – ASYLUM, DES., SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, WAR CRIMINALS, TYRANNY, TOTALITARIANISM, LIBERATION

FORGIVENESS: Tout comprendre, c'est tout pardonner" is an error, the fact being that the secret of forgiving everything is to understand nothing.” - G. B. Shaw, in A. Andrews Quotations, 178. - UNDERSTANDING

FORGOTTEN MAN: All of them must be paid for by that chronically forgotten man, the taxpayer. In perhaps half the cases, Paul is in effect taxed to pay for his own benefits, and gains nothing on net balance (except that he is forced to spend his earned money in other directions than he himself would have chosen.) In the remaining cases, Peter is forced to pay for Paul's benefits. When any of these schemes, or a further expansion of it, is being proposed, its political sponsors always dwell on what a generous and compassionate government should pay to Paul; they neglect to mention that this additional money must be seized from Peter. In order that Paul may receive the equivalent of more than he earns, Peter must be allowed (*) to keep less than he earns.” - Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.148. - (*) "forced" is the correct operative word here. - JZ - ROBBING PETER TO PAY PAUL, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION, WELFARE STATE, FINANCIAL DESPOTISM, COMPULSORY REDISTRIBUTION

FORGOTTEN MAN: and anyone who wants to truly understand the matter in question must go and search for the Forgotten Man. He will be found to be worthy, industrious, independent and self-supporting. He is not technically 'poor' or 'weak'; he minds his own business, and makes no complaint. Consequently the philanthropists never think of him and trample on him.” - William Graham. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.110. - WELFARE STATE, DO-GOODING, POVERTY, SOCIAL SERVICES, TAXATION

FORGOTTEN MAN: and forgetting that a government produces nothing at all, they leave out of sight the first fact to be remembered in all social discussion - that the State cannot get a cent for any man without taking it from some other man, and this latter must be a man who has produced and saved it. This latter is the Forgotten Man.” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.108. - Now it is usually deducted from his income before he even had a chance to either spend it or save it! - JZ, 26.6.00. - WORKERS, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION, SPENDING, FINANCIAL DESPOTISM

FORGOTTEN MAN: Capital … is the force by which civilization is maintained and carried on. The same piece of capital cannot be used in two ways. Every bit of capital, therefore, which is given to a shiftless and inefficient member of society, who makes no return for it, is diverted from a reproductive use; but if it was put to reproductive use, it would have to be granted in wages to an efficient and productive laborer. Hence the real sufferer by that kind of benevolence which consists in an expenditure of capital to protect the good-for-nothing is the industrious laborer. The latter, however, is never thought of in this connection. It is assumed that he is provided for and out of the account.” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.109. - CAPITAL, LABORER, WORKER, WELFARE STATE, BENEVOLENCE, INVESTMENTS, POVERTY, CHARITY, CIVILIZATION, SAVINGS, TAXATION, CAPITALISM, FINANCIAL FREEDOM

FORGOTTEN MAN: Do you still say: "up with State Socialism" statism or territorialism and in practice mean: "Down with its victims, the Forgotten Men?” - JZ, 27.2.75, & 26.6.00, 5.8.13. – STATE SOCIALISM, TOTALITARIAN COMMUNISM, SOCIALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, VICTIMIZATION

FORGOTTEN MAN: For these and other reasons we could have named the Workers Party the Forgotten Man's Party. There is also the Forgotten Man and his rights behind the straw-man image of every businessman, capitalist, employer, entrepreneur and manager who is wrongfully attacked. - JZ, n.d. – WORKERS PARTY, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, HUMAN RIGHTS, ANTI-CAPITALISM MENTALITY, CLASS WARFARE NOTIONS, ANTI-INDUSTRIAL STRUGGLES, PROTECTIONISM, LEGALIZED PRIVILEGES & WRONGFUL AS WELL AS IMPOSED DISCRIMINATIONS

FORGOTTEN MAN: He is the real victim of both, the top and the bottom dogs. - JZ, 21.11.82.

FORGOTTEN MAN: if we lift any man up we must have a fulcrum, or point of reaction. In society that means that to lift one man up we must push another down. … The beneficiaries are selected by favoritism, and are apt to be those who have recommended themselves to the friends of humanity by language or conduct which does not betoken independence and energy. Those who suffer a corresponding depression by the interference are the independent and self-reliant, who once more are forgotten or passed over; and the friends of humanity once more appear, in their zeal to help somebody, to be trampling on those who are trying to help themselves.” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.118. - WELFARE STATE, POVERTY, DO-GOODERS, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, TAXATION

FORGOTTEN MAN: it behooves us to remember that any claim which we allow to the criminal against the "State" is only so much burden laid upon those who have never cost the State anything for discipline or correction.” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.120. - CRIMINALS, CONVICTS, PRISONS

FORGOTTEN MAN: It is plain that the Forgotten Man and the Forgotten Woman are the real productive strength of the country. The Forgotten Man works and votes - generally he prays - but his chief business in life is to pay. His name never gets into the newspapers except when he marries or dies. He is an obscure man, He may grumble sometimes to his wife, but he does not frequent the grocery, and he does not talk politics at the tavern. So he is forgotten. Yet who is there whom the statesman, economist and social philosopher ought to think of before this man? If any student of social sciences comes to appreciate the case of the Forgotten Man, he will become an unflinching advocate of strict scientific thinking in sociology, and a hard-headed sceptic as regards any scheme of social amelioration. He will always want to know: Who and where is the Forgotten Man in this case, who will have to pay for it all?” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.129. - EXPLOITATION, TAXATION, BUDGET, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, FORGOTTEN WOMAN

FORGOTTEN MAN: It is the Forgotten Man who is threatened by every extension of the paternal theory of government. It is he who must work and pay. When, therefore, the statesmen and social philosophers sit down to think what the State can do or ought to do, THEY REALLY mean to decide what the Forgotten man shall do. - What the Forgotten Man wants, therefore, is a fuller realization of constitutional liberty.” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other. - PATERNALISM, WELFARE STATE, WAR AGAINST POVERTY, NEW DEAL, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

FORGOTTEN MAN: Mencken broadened the group of "Forgotten men" to include scholars, scientists and artists, "normal, educated, well-disposed, unfrenzied [and] enlightened citizens … outcasts of democracy."- R. Dale Grinder, LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, I, 3. - By now many scientists, artists and even sportsmen are subsidized, too! - JZ, 26.6.00. – Seeing that sports are popular practices and entertainments, which should and could thus be self-supporting, I find it ridiculous when governments and some businesses brag that they support sports. – JZ, 16.12.08, 5.8.13.

FORGOTTEN MAN: Soak the rich" means in practice: "Soak the poor and hard working people" - for they provide the bulk of all taxes. - We are, instead, against all "soaking" of others, against their will. We favor only voluntary payments for goods and services individually asked for and delivered by competitive suppliers and this in every sphere, including those, which are now monopolized by territorial States. - JZ, 2/75 & 26.6.00, 5.8.13.

FORGOTTEN MAN: Sumner championed the "forgotten man", the industrious laborer, as being the one who suffered most from attempts to "do good" and regulate capitalism.” - William Graham Sumner, in Libertarian Handbook, 1973. – WELFARE STATE, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, EGALITARIANISM, TAX TRIBUTES, FINANCIAL DESPOTISM

FORGOTTEN MAN: The Forgotten Man is not a pauper. It belongs to his character to have something. Hence he is a capitalist, though never a great one. He is a "poor" man in the popular sense of the word, but not in a correct sense. In fact, one of the most constant and trustworthy signs that the Forgotten Man is in danger of a new assault is, that "the poor man" is brought into the discussion. - since the Forgotten Man has some capital, any one who cares for HIS interest will try to make capital secure by securing the inviolability of contracts, the stability of currency, and the firmness of credit. …” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other. – The earnings of somewhat free laborers over a lifetime do add up to a relatively large capital. To that extent all somewhat free workers are capitalists as well, even if they did not save and invest but spent it all. Much of these earnings are smoked, drunk or gambled away. – JZ, 5.8.13. - CAPITALISM, PROPERTY, PROPERTARIANISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP

FORGOTTEN MAN: The Forgotten Man is now so forgotten that he is often forgotten even by himself. - JZ, 30.5.76. – Class warfare notions and practices are not a substitute for the liberation of the forgotten man. – JZ, 5.8.13. - SANCTION OF THE VICTIM, ALTRUISM, EGOISM

FORGOTTEN MAN: The real victim is the Forgotten Man … - the man who has watched his own investments, made his own machinery safe, attended to his own plumbing, and educated his own children, and who, just when he wants to enjoy the fruits of his care, is told that it is his duty to go and take care of some of his negligent neighbors, or, if he does not go, to pay an inspector to go."… We shall find him an honest, sober, industrious citizen, unknown outside his little circle, paying his debts and his taxes, supporting the church and the school. …" - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other.

FORGOTTEN MAN: The type and formula of most schemes of philanthropy or humanitarianism is this: A and B put their heads together to decide what C shall be made to do for D. The radical vice of all these schemes, from a sociological point of view, is that C is not allowed a voice in the matter, and his position, character, and interests, as well as the ultimate effects on society through C's interests, are entirely overlooked. I call C the Forgotten Man. …  the State cannot get a cent for any man without taking it from some other man, and this latter must be a man who has produced and saved it. (*) This latter is the Forgotten Man.” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other. – (*) Or earned it. It is his right to spend or invest all his own earnings. – JZ, 5.8.13. - WELFARE STATE & TAXATION

FORGOTTEN MAN: Their Schemes, therefore, may always be reduced to this type - that A and B decide what C shall do for D. It will be interesting to inquire, at a later period of our discussion, who C is, and what the effect is upon him of all these arrangements. In all the discussions attention is concentrated on A and B, the noble social reformers, and on D, the "poor man". I call C the Forgotten Man, because I have never seen that any notice was taken of him in any of the discussions. When we have disposed of A, B, and D we can better appreciate the case of C, and I think that we shall find that he deserves our attention, for the worth of his character and the magnitude of his unmerited burdens.” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.21/22. – The “war against poverty” is also a war against the poor, against their rights, liberties & self-help options. – JZ, 5.8.13.

FORGOTTEN MAN: There always are two parties. The second one is always the Forgotten Man, and any one who wants to truly understand the matter in question must go and search for the Forgotten Man. He will be found to be worthy, industrious, independent, and self-supporting. He is not, technically, "poor" or "weak"; he minds his own business, and makes no complaint. Consequently the philanthropists never think of him and trample on him. …” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other. – TAXATION, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, WELFARE STATES, WAR AGAINST POVERTY

FORGOTTEN MAN: There is an almost invincible prejudice that a man who gives a dollar to a beggar is generous and kind-hearted, but that a man who refuses the beggar and puts the dollar in a savings-bank is stingy and mean. The former is putting capital where it is very sure to be wasted, and where it will be a kind of seed for a long succession of future dollars, which must be wasted to ward off a greater strain on the sympathies than would have been occasioned by a refusal in the first place. Inasmuch as the dollar might have been turned into capital and given to a laborer who, while earning it, would have reproduced it, it must be regarded as taken from the latter. … - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.109. - CHARITY, SAVINGS, CAPITAL, INVESTMENTS

FORGOTTEN MAN: We could have named the Australian Workers Party - or any other libertarian party - the Forgotten Man's Party. There is also the Forgotten Man and his rights behind the straw-man image of every businessman, capitalist, employer, entrepreneur, innovator and manager who is publicly attacked, exploited and penalized by taxation, controls and restrictions not only every employee. - JZ, n.d. & 17.11.02. – LIBERTARIAN WORKERS PARTY OF AUSTRALIA, LATER RENAMED PROGRESS PARTY, ANTI-CAPITALISTM MENTALITY, WELFARE STATE

FORGOTTEN MAN: When a millionaire gives a dollar to a beggar the gain of utility to the beggar is enormous, and the loss of utility to the millionaire is insignificant. Generally the discussion is allowed to rest there. But if the millionaire makes capital of the dollar, it must go upon the labor market, as a demand for productive services. Hence there is another party in interest - the person who supplies productive services. There always are two parties. The second is always the Forgotten Man.” - William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.110.

FORGOTTEN MAN: When the state socialists redistribute other people's earnings, then they are taking from the able and productive to give to the needy and unproductive. The able and productive is either the Forgotten Man or he may even be branded as an exploiter, instead of being truthfully described as an exploited, a taxpayer instead of a tax consumer. - JZ, 2/75 & 26.6.00. – REDISTRIBUTION, TAXATION, TRIBUTE GATHERING, ANTI-CAPITALISM MENTALITY, WELFARE STATE

FORGOTTEN MAN: Who are these? Why, these are the people most deprived of their rights. These are the millions of perplexed Americans who prefer to support themselves, obey the laws, pay their taxes and lead moral lives. They are not the squeaky wheels or the squawky takers, for they are not always seeking special privileges or favors - and possibly not participating as they should. As a result, they are made to support those who will not support themselves: they are often bound by laws they consider unjust, while others flout justice; they are slapped in the face by misuse of tax money; they are forced to pay homage to those who care little for morality.” - CHARLES GOODMAN, All these Rights, THE FREEMAN, 1/1978, 15. – Alas, all these individual and genuine rights and liberties are not yet optimally expressed and published in an ideal declaration. – Why is this ideal so much neglected? – JZ, 16.12.08. – DEMOCRACY, VOTING, PARTY STRUGGLES, MAJORITY DESPOTISM

FORGOTTEN MAN: Who is the Forgotten Man? He is the clean, quiet, virtuous, domestic citizen, who pays his debts and his taxes and is never heard of out of his little circle.” - W. G. Sumner, The Forgotten Man, 1883.

FOUNDING FATHERS: A personal note to the Founding Fathers: We're sorry. We blew it. You made it possible for us to live free and we blew it. We've given up nearly every personal liberty in the name of a false sense of security sold to the masses by the same type of maniacal government about which you warned us and against which you fought so bravely. We now have to ask permission to take a leak on an airline flight. We never deserved you. – Phil Murphy, 7.4.02.  – Did they, with their territorial establishment and their Bill of Rights Amendments, establish a sound and comprehensive foundation for all liberties and rights? Their territorialism was still essentially totalitarian and they did not even abolish slavery, right away. – However, our contemporaries have certainly not yet set many better examples. – JZ, 5.4.12.

FOUNDING FATHERS: We have no claim to share in the glory of our ancestors unless we strive to resemble them.” - Moliere. – Rather, to emulate only their rightful actions and improve and supplement them further. – JZ, 12.12.08, 5.8.13. - HEROES, LIBERATORS, NATIONALISM, PATRIOTISM

FOURTH AMENDMENT: It is better, so the Fourth Amendment teaches us, that the guilty sometimes go free than the citizens be subject to easy arrest.” – William O. Douglas (1898-1980), Henry v. United States, 1959. – Free completion in jurisdiction and via personal law systems would greatly improve jurisdiction as well. No territorial government constitution is good enough for all people. – JZ, 5.8.13.


FRAGMENTATION: Fragmentation has almost become a swear-word - as if coercive associations should not be split up or as if all Protestantism is to be confined to the religious types of the past, or as if "fragments" (individuals or groups of like-minded volunteers) could not have or should not be allowed to make free will decisions, or as if all dissenters have to be sacrificed to the self-appointed or majority approved aims of the former or present leaders. - JZ, July 87, 5.8.13. – In the process we even forget that we survive by fragmentizing our food intake. Panarchistic fragmentation of territorial States is rightful and necessary to assure mankind’s survival in the face of mass murder devices in the hands of such governments and of other terrorists. – JZ, 16.12.08. – Not only all untruths but also all truths tend to be somewhat inter-connected or interrelated. – JZ, 5.8.13. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, UNITY, CENTRALIZATION & DECENTRALIZATION, DISLOYALTY, TREASON, SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PANARCHISM, MAJORITARIANISM, LEADERSHIP, TERRITORIALISM, COLLECTIVISM, OBEDIENCE, DISOBEDIENCE, SECESSIONISM, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, NATIONALISM, DEMOCRACY, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, UNITY & UNIFICATION SPLEEN OF TERRITORIAL STATISTS

FRAGMENTATION: Fragmentation is rightful, useful, peace and progress-promoting - if it is voluntary and under exterritorial autonomy only, when it liberates individuals, minority groups and majorities that want their own kind of independence and self-rule. It is still immoral and sometimes even harmful if it merely breaks down larger territories into smaller ones, each of which with some dissenting minorities, which are then even more likely to be suppressed by local majorities than they were in the former larger territories. (City people are relatively tolerant. – JZ, 5.8.13.) Territorialism does not solve the problem of minorities. Exterritorialism does. Exterritorial fragmentation or decentralization and voluntarism are some of the most important solutions, rather than a major problem. - JZ, 28.9.93 & 23.6.00. - PANARCHISM, DECENTRALIZATION, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, RIGHTS, PEACE, FREEDOM, PROGRESS, SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SECESSIONISM, MINORITY RIGHTS, MINORITY AUTONOMY, RIGHTFUL DECENTRALIZATION

FRAGMENTATION: There are many fallacies and misconceptions about libertarianism. Unfortunately, they often prevent people from embracing liberty. So it's vital that libertarians recognize them - and effectively and persuasively squash them. - One of the most common is also one of the strangest. "The myth of the atomistic individual" is the absurd idea that libertarians believe every person is, or should somehow be, detached from all others, totally autonomous, completely self-reliant and self-sufficient. That libertarians want a dog-eat-dog world devoid of human relationships, cooperation, or social interactions - a world without society. - This is bizarre, and completely untrue, yet widely believed. As the great - libertarian thinker Murray Rothbard noted: "This is a common charge, but a highly puzzling one. In a lifetime of reading libertarian and classical liberal literature, I have not come across a single theorist or writer who holds anything like this position." - A good example of this can be found in the current issue of TIME, discussed in my President's Corner column this issue. Michael Kinsley, a brilliant writer who should know better, describes (some) libertarians as "a generation of smart loners, many of them rich and some of them complacently Darwinian, convinced that they don't need society - nor should anyone else." - What nonsense! Libertarians not only acknowledge the existence and the necessity of society, we celebrate it, and defend any and all peaceful, voluntary relationships. - In fact, libertarians, more than most people, recognize that the modern industrial world is made possible only by people constantly cooperating in both personal and economic matters. Libertarians understand how the free market works -- through countless voluntary interactions and relationships. - And we understand the vital role of non-business social organizations like families, churches, charities, book clubs, community theatres, civic groups and so on. - Libertarians also understand how government actions can damage and sever these precious economic and personal relationships, often with terrible consequences. - In fact, libertarians are ‘the greatest defenders’ of the vast network of personal and economic voluntary interactions that makes up society. - Libertarians oppose, as Rothbard put it, only "the compulsory pseudo-'cooperation' imposed by the State." - So the next time you hear this bizarre and bogus fallacy, correct it - using the polite and persuasive communication techniques the Advocates teaches, of course. And maybe invite your questioner to an upcoming libertarian meeting, where they'll see lots of libertarians acting, not as atomistic individuals, but as members of a group, cooperating to defend society and create a freer world. - NOTE: For a lengthy and scholarly rebuttal of the "atomistic individual" notion, see this excellent article by Cato's Tom Palmer: - ONE-MINUTE LIBERTY TIP – “The Myth of the "Atomistic Individual" - Sharon Harris. THE LIBERATOR ONLINE, 1.11.07. - FRAGMENTATION OR ATOMISM, CHAOS THROUGH INDIVIDUALISM? COMMUNITIES, VOLUNTARISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, COMPETITION, DOG-EAT DOG WORLD, LIBERTARIANISM, PREJUDICES, OBJECTIONS

FRANKNESS: It is kindness to refuse immediately what you intend to deny.” - Publius Syrus fl. 43 B. C. – There are many other and better causes than charity cases. – JZ, 16.12.08. - SPEEDY REFUSAL, ALTRUISM, CHARITY, TRUTHFULNESS, CHARITY OR COMPETITIVE INSURANCE, CREDIT & MUTUAL AID SYSTEMS OR FREEDOM FOR ALL SELF-HELP OPTIONS?

FRANKNESS: Men in earnest have no time to waste in patching fig leaves for the naked truth.” - Lowell. - TRUTHS

FRATERNITY: Fraternity can be established only by justice.” - Proudhon, System of Economical Contradictions. p.281. - It should have been translated as "economic" contradictions. – Bastiat, in his “Economic Harmonies” came closer to the truth on real economics. – Is there as yet a monograph that describes and refutes all the errors of Proudhon? – Is fraternity a primary end or means? - JZ, 16.12.08. – JUSTICE,

FRATERNITY: We repudiate forced fraternity, not true fraternity. We repudiate the artificial unity that does nothing more than deprive persons of individual responsibility. We do not repudiate the natural unity of mankind under Providence.” – Frederic Bastiat, in Dean Russell, Frederic Bastiat, Ideas and Influence, p.12., FORCE, UNITY

FRATERNITY: you cannot legislate fraternity without legislating injustice.” - Bastiat, in: G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.82. – VS. JUSTICE, LAWS

FRATERNIZATION: War is so absurd and contrary to human nature that measures have to be enforced to prevent fraternizing with the enemy, such as occurred between British and German troops during Christmas 1914.” - Frank Dupuis, PROGRESS, 11/75. - That was the first written hint towards this event that I received. The soldiers should have combined and in combination resisted those who tried to prevent them from fraternizing. For this purpose they should have had developed or adopted a rightful peace program or rightful war aims, as foundation for a separate peace treaty between them, over the heads of their rulers. Instead, 10 million people let themselves be killed in this war by their governments - FOR WHAT? - JZ, 26.6.00. - WAR

FRAUD: Fraud is the homage that force pays to reason.” - Charles P. Curtis, A Commonplace Book, 1957. Another version, retranslated from the German one: “Fraud is the compliment which force pays to reason.” – Curtis. (Betrug ist die Huldigung, welche die Gewalt der Vernunft darbringt.) - A bit like: "Theft is the sincerest form of flattery." Those who defraud others or steal from them do know that they do not have reasons for their claims to other people's property. - JZ, 22.6.00. –COERCION, FORCE, REASON

FRAUD: Fraud, in general, is infinitely better than force.” - Maurice Cranston, Political Dialogues, 10. - One should always distinguish between aggressive and defensive force. Something like defensive fraud is rightful and possible, too, although not legal and punishable, if discovered, e.g. against tax collectors. - JZ, 26.6.00. – I would rather have somebody forcefully taking ten dollars from me than fraudulently $ 1000. – JZ, 16.12.08.

FRAUD: in every service in a free community, the buyer risks fraud; freedom involves the liability to be cheated. In every service, however, it is found that sensible people can and do take adequate steps to avoid being cheated…” - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 2/76. - There should be wide publicity against those committing fraud, warning off future customers for them. One methods was suggested, an open registry for professionals, which would enter any praise for and criticism of them and keeping the score. Potential customers would find it advisable to consult such a registry beforehand. - JZ, 26.6.00. – Privacy claims should not be used to indiscriminately cover or shield criminals. On the other hand, their years as rehabilitated criminals after they had served their sentence or paid their other penalty, should also be sufficiently publicized. – JZ, 5.8.13. – CRIME, FRAUD, PUBLICITY, PRIVACY, REPUTATIONS FILE

FRAUD: The free man never acts fraudulently, but always in good faith.” - Benedict Spinoza. - A man attempting fraud attempts to restrict the freedom and property rights of others. - JZ, 6.4.89. - But if he were only to "cheat" the tax collectors, upholding his individual rights, would this, morally, have to be considered fraud, too, or only legally a crime, one without victims? - Already Rousseau, in his Social Contract, pointed out that we may rightfully defraud a robber of the contents of our wallet, if we can manage to hide it from him. We are not obliged to tell him this kind of truth, to his advantage and our disadvantage. He has no right to our money. We do. - JZ, 22.6.00, 5.8.13. – TAXATION AS ROBBERY, TAX AVOIDANCE & EVASION ARE NOT CRIMES WITH VICTIMS

FREE & EASY: We have confused the free with the free and easy.” - Adlai E. Stevenson, Putting First Things First: A Democratic View, 1960. – FREEDOM, LIBERTY, EASINESS

FREE ASSOCIATIONISM: The statist denies the right of free association. He does not permit men to establish corporations, organizations and societies independent from the supervision, control and exploitation by States, in order to satisfy needs, inclinations and interests through the own services. - LERNZIEL ANARCHY, Nr.3. - VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIALISM & PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIAL STATISM

FREE BANKING: Absolutism suppressed merchants’ attempts to create stable money. Some of the early foundations of banks at Amsterdam and elsewhere arose from attempts by merchants to secure for themselves a stable money, but rising absolutism soon suppressed all such efforts to create a non-governmental currency. Instead, it protected the rise of banks issuing notes in terms of the official government money. (*) Even less than in the history of metallic money can we here sketch how this development opened the doors to new abuses of policy.” - F. A. Hayek, Denationalization of Money, p. 28. – (*) And then their note issue right, even in terms of the government-set value standard, was suppressed as well. - JZ, 27.4.00. - STABLE CURRENCY, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, FREE BANKING VS. CENTRAL BANKING

FREE BANKING: All agricultural producers could and should issue, via their own large combinations, in cooperatives, their own exchange media and clearing certificates, which they would have to accept at par in payment for all debts due to them. In large denominations they could largely be utilized as means of payment for imports and they would then, and quite obviously, assure corresponding exports. If the combinations of such issuers are large enough, then they could also embody e.g. weather insurance arrangements and insurance against natural catastrophes. An insurance agreement should become involved, for the results of their productive efforts can never be as much predicted as industrial production can be. They could pay their insurance premiums with such exchange media and clearing certificates and payouts could also be in this form. – What they produce is more assured of turnovers than are other products. People have to eat and drink. Temporary surpluses can be long preserved with modern methods. What they have already produced and sold and what is now ready for sale, waiting for customers in the shops, could also serve well as the basis for money-like goods warrants, by associations of shop owners, with their inherent “shop foundation” or “readiness to accept foundation” and this would further assure the sale of all agricultural products. – Such monies need not be covered by and redeemed in rare metals but could very well use their weight units as their denominations and as means to price out their goods and services. - JZ, 3.8.07, 12.3.13. - MONETARY FREEDOM, AGRICULTURE & INSURANCE, FREE TRADE, MONETARY & CLEARING FREEDOM

FREE BANKING: All assets have their optimal way of expressing and transferring them in certified form. For some of them this means shares, bonds and mortgage-letters, for others banknotes, shop foundation money, tax foundation- insurance- or transport-money etc. – Nobody is under any obligation to redeem his shares of bonds in his consumer goods or services, except for an acceptance or clearing foundation for his due or soon due dividend coupons, which he should accept as means of payment against himself, when they all due or soon due. (*) But the issuers of currency notes would better make sure that their notes are daily redeemable in needed or wanted consumer goods and services, if they want to maintain the par-value of their note issues with their the value of their nominal gold or silver weight units. – (*) They should also be acceptable by them in the payment for bonds or other new securities issued by them. - JZ, 10.9.05, 30.10.07, 5.8.13.

FREE BANKING: All ready for sale goods and services that are in daily demand could and should be transformable into effective and monetized (or account credited) purchasing power, in convenient and freely transferable money denominations, by the producers and providers of these goods and services and their associates, i.e. the retail stores or their associations. Such issues would only oblige their issuers to supply something that is wanted, in these cases not gold or silver coins but the goods or services - with whose sales they do regularly try to make their living. That they can almost always do, apart from war- and revolution periods or under conditions of natural catastrophes. The people accepting and using such notes or clearing certificates would assure the sales of the issuers, whose restocking orders would stimulate further production and employment to the extent that the goods and services are being bought and so paid for. Seeing that shops and warehouses hold more than the immediately needed goods or those wanted, bought and used in the very near future, such exchange media and clearing certificates are more than sufficiently covered by these goods. If, because of one unusual circumstance or the other, the stock of goods and services would be reduced and could not be rapidly restored, then such exchange media could naturally not exceed the available and ready-for-sale consumer goods. However, with modern transport and credit facilities, even empty shops could be restocked overnight, and destroyed shops could be temporarily replaced by tents, unless the restocking is left e.g. to a governmental emergency service that needs days to weeks to get moving. Goods, services and labor, for which there is an insufficient demand, could, naturally, not be monetized and sold in this way. But under a perfect clearing system they could reach most of those who do wish to obtain them. At least to some extent and through the Internet, even such goods could now be marketed to people dispersed all over this world, wherever sufficient communication, postage and transport options do exist. – JZ, 9.9.98 - There should also be freedom to price out these certificates, essentially clearing certificates, as well as the goods and services offered, in sound and self-chosen value standards, acceptable to the acceptors of these certificates or account credits. But these value standards themselves, e.g. gold coins, would not have to be delivered by the issuers. They would only have to accept their own notes or clearing certificates as if they were gold coins of corresponding values. That suffices to give them a par-value with gold coins. After all, the daily turnover of all kinds of goods and services is very much larger than the daily turnover of gold coins, which one cannot eat or otherwise consume, but which, as commodities and value standards as well as non-interest-bearing stores of value are still very useful and appreciated by many, especially in times of paper money inflation, as have been common for almost a century now. – JZ, n.d. & 12.3.13.

FREE BANKING: All writers on Scottish banking, agree in praising its effects on the prosperity of the country. Within 150 years, under the double influence of her banking and educational system, Scotland sprang from her barbarous state to the position of being the most prosperous country in Europe. Adam Smith, quoting from a report, states that the trade of Glasgow doubled within fifteen years of the establishment of banking there.” - Henry Meulen, Free Banking, chap. VIII. – Could we expect similar successes today, with the introduction of full monetary and financial freedom and the full utilization of modern enlightenment options? I believe this to be possible. – JZ, 12.3.13. – This change and its rightful and positive consequences could also occur rather suddenly, in a well prepared monetary freedom revolution. – JZ, 5.8.13. – JZ, SCOTTISH BANKING

FREE BANKING: Allow honest, non-coercive and stable private currencies to compete with the government's depreciated and manipulated and often short-supplied paper money and to drive it out of circulation. Repeal legal tender laws and the note issue monopoly of the Central Bank and any other laws infringing upon monetary freedom. - JZ, 8.6.83 & 27.6.00.

FREE BANKING: - - Brad Spangler shared a link. Facebook 3.3.12. - - supporting local economies, barter networks, farmers initiatives, and alternative currencies backed by tangible commodities. – I hold that without full “shop foundation” which means also wage- and salary-payment foundation, most of the alternative currencies will not be able to help enough, i.e. will not sufficiently replace the governmental forced and monopolized currency. If they could do so, then they would have done it already, for there are at any time thousands of such still all too limited monetary freedom attempts. There is no substitute for sound individual rights and liberties, which are soundly realized in every sphere, at least by a few voluntary pioneers. – Their issues would also have to be protected from governmental suppression attempts. It would help if central banking would still be tolerated – for its remaining volunteers. - JZ, 12.3.13, 5.8.13. - MONETARY FREEDOM, ALTERNATIVE CURRENCIES

FREE BANKING: Angus, speaking in the same debate as Sir Geoffrey Howe, leaps in. Joint Stock Banks are part of the free market! Since banks cannot even issue their own currencies, they are not allowed a free market in the very commodity (money) in which they deal! The British Government's proud One Pound Sterling reigns supreme, depreciating at 25% a year, protected by a statutory monopoly at least 3000 years old. (Scottish Banks had freedom to issue currency, unregulated by the Government, until 1845, when a system which seemed to be working marvelously was stopped by a Westminster decree in the interests of "rationalisation".) Furthermore, there are numerous other very significant regulations with which a Joint Stock Bank must comply. (We said liquidity ratios? Who said deposits with the Bank of England? Who said interest rates? Who said …. Not me, sir!)” - Terry Arthur, 95% Is Crap, p.164/165. - FREE MARKET, JOINT STOCK BANKS, NOTE ISSUING BANKS, SCOTTISH BANKS, MONETARY DESPOTISM

FREE BANKING: Any shortage of banknotes or any over-supply of them, as well as of clearing certificates and clearing accounts, can only be avoided when they are competitively supplied, readily accepted at par and streaming back to the issuers at par within a short period. Their value is constantly and publicly measured against a sound value standard (e.g. a weight unit of gold or silver), e.g. by reports on a free gold- or silver market. - They must be optional, i.e. refusable by all but the issuers and discountable in general circulation by all except their issuers. Their value standard should also be a subject of free choice between an issuer and his potential acceptors. They must not be the product of a monopolistic issuer and given the legal tender power or privilege, i.e., compulsory acceptance and an enforced value. Only then will they be issued and remain temporarily in circulation, up to the total amounts that are at any time needed of them. – If they should stand above par then more of them should be issued of them until their par value is restored. If they stand below par then further issues should cease or will be refused until their par value is restored. Via free market rating and voluntary acceptance they are self-limiting and self-regulating. – JZ, 6.9.05, 30.10.07, 5.8.13. – SHORT-TERM & SUFFICIENT REFLUX REQUIRED FOR ALTERNATIVE CURRENCIES, EXPRESSED IN CHEAP MEDIA, TO KEEP THEM AT PAR WITH THEIR NOMINAL VALUE.

FREE BANKING: As a general principle the for issue option, Ulrich von Beckerath used to point out that anyone or any association or enterprise, which has many payments to make and many payments to receive, is a potential issuer for its own notes or clearing certificates. Voluntary acceptance, together with refusals and discounting of such means of payment would determine the range and limitations of this competitive issue of money token or clearing certificate. Ultimately, in any free exchanges, goods, services and labor are exchanged for other goods, services and labor. It does not matter much by which kind of exchange media or clearing processes these free exchanges are brought about, and who issues them, as long as they do not constitute more of an obstacle to free exchanges rather than sound exchange media or clearing certificates or clearing methods. Under monetary despotism not sound but unsound and monopolistic exchange media are forced into use and circulation, or, originally, sound but insufficient supplied ones, because they were exclusive ones (exclusive gold and silver coin or deposit certificate currencies), largely excluding sound competitive alternative exchange media and clearing avenues and also competitive alternative value standards, freely chosen, or free value reckoning in gold or silver weight units, without promising a redemption in them by their issuers. A sufficient “shop-foundation” or “clearing-foundation” will keep them at par with their nominal rare metal value, at least locally. – JZ, 12.12.08, 12.3.13.

FREE BANKING: As an exclusive value standard a gold weight unit may be superior to all other value standards. But this would not justify outlawing free choice among value standards. As an exchange medium, if one is sufficiently supplied with it, gold coins may also be superior to all other exchange media. (Apart from the weight involved in large sums, transport costs and risks) However, this characteristic does not justify making them an exclusive exchange medium for cash payments or an exclusive medium to redeem exchange media in. For example, paper exchange media, which are optional, market rated and refusable and sensibly issued with a sufficient reflux foundation, can be kept at par with their nominal gold weight unit and this without being redeemable by the issuer upon demand by the note holder. For most practical purposes such gold weight clearing or gold weight accounting notes are just as good, if not more convenient means of exchange than are gold coins, for small denominations and large sums. – JZ, 6.6.08, 12.3.13. – This alternative gold-value-clearing or gold-value accounting standard is still not sufficiently widely discussed, although it is the best of the variety of “gold standards” that have been practised. – JZ, 20.9.08, 12.3.13.

FREE BANKING: As the government obviously cannot supply an honest and inflation-proof currency, in sufficient quantities, let private enterprise do the job. - JZ, n.d., 70's. - Then we will be no more short-supplied with monopoly money or flooded with its depreciating notes than we are now with pens, watches or tissues. - JZ, 27.6.00, 12.3.13. – COMPETITIVELY ISSUED & ACCEPTED FREE MARKET MONIES, MONETARY FREEDOM, CLEARING FREEDOM

FREE BANKING: Banking should be as free as any other free enterprise, i.e., unlicenced and unregulated. Only fraud, forgery and coercion should be penalized. Let us have, as a result, no more credit restrictions, no more inflations, no more deflations, no more involuntary unemployment, no more depressions and recessions. Let the good money drive out the bad – as will inevitably occur under free market conditions, i.e. without legal tender and the issue monopoly, and let all desired peaceful exchanges take place freely, undisturbed by a forced and monopolized currency. – JZ, n.d. & 7.10.08, 12.3.13. – MONETARY FREEDOM, GRESHAM’S LAW, FREE MARKET MONIES

FREE BANKING: By all productively employed people, including those involved in the transport and distribution jobs, freely using an effective clearing system for their transactions, one interlinked with other free clearing systems, they would achieve that all their credits and debts become effectively and as fast as possible cleared against each other. Needed, furthermore, are then only agreed-upon and sound enough value standards and free exchange rates between these standards, to settle all their accounts. – That all can be settled, apart from the usual defaults, which can be insured against, is assured by the fact that for every credit there is a corresponding debt. Under a perfect clearing system and freedom for the issue and the reflux of private exchange media and clearing certificates, the incidence of defaults will become greatly reduced. Defaults are common and extensive only under a system of monopoly money, with restrictions upon clearing transactions and clearing means. - JZ, 3.8.07, 19.10.07. - MONETARY FREEDOM & FREE CLEARING

FREE BANKING: By their very definition, a multiplication of SOUND money would not inflate a currency. The question is: To what extent can it be multiplied before it would lose, locally, its par value against its value standard? Even then it could not inflate any prices or wages that are marked-out in a sound value standard. Being optional, discountable and refusable (not legal tender, with its compulsory acceptance and forced and fictitious value), it cannot be PUSHED into circulation to any large excess. Its issue volume is limited by the readiness of the issuer to accept it back and the desire of the potential acceptors for the goods, services and labor which the issuer or the issuing group have to offer, conveniently and locally. Only the issuer would always be obliged to accept his or her note issues, clearing certificates or clearing account credits and this at their par-value against their value standard. All the others would be free to refuse to accept them at all or to accept them only at their market rate against their value standard or any other self-chosen value standard. Even a small discount of an exchange medium in general local circulation would merely speed up its reflux to the issuer, who would still have to accept it at par (at its nominal value or at 100%) for whatever he has to offer in wanted goods, services or labor. With that acceptance the discounted exchange media and their discount would disappear. - That aspect is usually overlooked when any multiplication of exchange media is assumed to act in an inflationary way. As long as the issuers are able to accept their whole issues in reflux to them for wanted goods and services, their kind of goods warrants and service vouchers or IOUs will remain at par with their nominal value, in the same way that e.g. railway and bus tickets and those for cinema, theatre, opera, circus performances etc. are accepted at par. In this way, and indicated by the par value of such exchange media also in local money exchange offices, and daily reported and published exchange rates, the issues and the reflux of alternative and competitive means of exchange will be automatically kept in balance. These private and competing money tokens would also indicate, as far as possible, the volume of all issues of an issuer at a certain date, which are still outstanding, i.e. have not streamed by to the issuer, and the volume and value of wanted goods and services that he has ready for sale at a particular date and also daily available for prolonged periods. To over-issue such competing private currencies would be against the short term as well as the medium and long term interest of the issuers, just like it is for the issuers of transport and cinema tickets, limited by the number of seats they make available at any time or for any short-term period, since not all his exchange media will be returned to him immediately. For shops and their goods and services the shop currencies issued upon them, best by a common local issuing center for any local shopping center, one has also to take into consideration that their shops can be restocked overnight. Those people, who only consider rare metal coins or certificates as money, do, usually, overlook the twofold aspect of money - as an exchange medium and its value standard, because in the coins these two aspects are combined and the supply or rare metal in coin form cannot be rapidly expanded. They also overlook the clearing aspect of any money. The supply of clearing certificates and clearing accounts is limited only by the volume that people are able and willing to exchange in this way. Clearing transactions have this in common with barter but, like monetary transactions, they do allow many more exchanges, none of them confined to bilateral ones, by two people meeting for such exchanges and agreeing upon the details. (They also avoid, mostly, bringing the goods and service exchangers together at a particular time and place. The exchanges ware split up into buying and selling at different locations and times. – JZ, 12.3.13.) Between two people confined to barter only limited quantities of direct exchanges are possible, because both will only rarely be able to offer the goods or services in exchange, which the other wants, in the desired exchange value, quality and quantity, both of the same market value. Barter options are limited and laborious. Fully developed clearing or competition in the supply of sound exchange media would make many more and also multi-lateral exchanges possible and relatively easy, including world-wide ones and also the settling accounts or mutual cancellation of debts between many people who do not even know of each other but who are also involved in the exchange process of a free and nation- or even world-wide market, in which the mutual accounts are all settled, essentially, by clearing. (Essentially, even gold- and silver coins are clearing certificates, but rather expensive ones. – JZ, 12.3.13.) The greater the volume of these transactions, the greater the benefit – although these means of exchange and turnovers, or cleared goods and service values are also multiplied in this process. (Ideally, like tickets, they should be cancelled upon their reflux to the issuers and replaced by newly printed ticket-money, based upon new stocks of wanted consumer goods and services, ready for sale. They are not like governmental monopoly money with legal tender power staying lastingly in circulation. – JZ, 12.3.13.) This multiplication of exchanges can even lead to considerable price reductions, because the fixed costs are largely the same for a larger turnover. Essentially, even rare metal coins or rare metal coin certificates, redeemable at any time in rare metal coins, are only clearing certificates – and rather expensive ones at that. (Sorry for repeating myself. However, can certain truths, not yet generally accepted, really be repeated too often? – JZ, 12.3.13.) Not only the same volume of trade can be achieved by clearing (or competitively supplied optional exchange media in paper form) under sound value standard reckoning as can be achieved with rare metal coins or certificates, but a much higher volume of exchanges. For both aspects, the exchange media or accounts and their value standard, free pricing or market rating have to exist. Then demand and supply will balance each other in this sphere as well. – By all means, express this better, more clearly, with less sentences and words. For me it is just another try. – JZ, n.d. & 7.3.12, 12.3.13.

FREE BANKING: Competitive issues under this system (which excluded competition by other monetary freedom systems) were rather small. While issuers were under any time under the redemption obligation and still numerous gold and silver coins circulated, it has been estimated that the per head amounts of gold- and silver certificates or redeemable banknotes came only to 2 - 4 dollars. In this case they could hardly drive up the price level, expressed in gold and silver weight units, but merely made payments more convenient and speeded up circulation or exchange transactions. Under fractional cover some additional circulation was made possible, but under free market rating the par-value of these notes with their rare metal value was usually preserved (except in times of runs on the bank, occurring under the wrong assumption that metallic redemption rather than par-value maintenance would be essential), so that the system made some additional turnovers possible, beyond the quantity of the rare metals available for monetary purposes. Under full monetary freedom and under e.g. a gold weight unit accounting or clearing system, the private and competitive note issues, maintaining their par values with their stated gold weigh units on a free gold market, could be much larger than the gold stocks that individual issuers could have accumulated. Under such freedom they need not accumulate such stocks at all but can refer all who desire gold instead - to the free gold market. Thus their issues would not be limited to the quantities of one rare good, like rare metal bits, that they could or would be legally obliged to supply themselves, but to the total quantity of all their goods and services, to the extent that these are wanted by their potential customers in the immediate and near future. The quantity of the exchanges of all wanted goods and services offered for sale, including labor, would then no longer be confined to the quantities available of one or two goods, like gold or silver, although either or both of these might still be indefinitely and voluntarily used but merely as value standards for all or most transactions. - Rare metal value accounting and clearing rather than rare metal redemptionism by the issuers! Neither full or fractional cover and redemption in rare metals should be required for all free market monies, while those still believing in either should be free to agree upon them – among themselves. – All options for volunteers, at the own expense and risk! - JZ, 30.3.85 & 27.6.00, 5.8.13. - RESTRICTED BY THE CLASSICAL GOLD STANDARD, GOLD REDEMPTIONISM, 100% OR FRACTIONAL. FULL MONETARY FREEDOM VS. ANY EXCLUSIVE CURRENCIES, TERRITORIALLY IMPOSED, EVEN RARE METAL ONES!

FREE BANKING: Create markets coextensive with production.” – From the Report of the County of Lanarck, 1820, quoted in Simon, Robert Owen, p.137. – Only full monetary freedom can achieve that. Producing ready for sale goods, services and labor is not enough. Ready and sound purchasing power for them has also to be produced in any society depending upon a large division of labor and free exchange. By whom? By all those having wanted goods, services and labor to offer in free exchange! Then, to the extent that such offers do exist, the exchange media or clearing certificates or clearing accounts could also be freely produced, in a free, rightful, sound and efficient way, so that all such exchanges can and will occur - almost without friction or at minimum transaction costs. - To illustrate the principle and practice involved, here are some simple examples: To the extent that a barber, a butcher, a baker, a greengrocer and a hardware shop would succeed in getting goods warrants or purchasing vouchers for their goods accepted as means of payment in a local community, they would then also have assured themselves, thereby, of a corresponding amount of sales or labor. The more local goods, service and labor providers would combine to issue a common type of goods- service and labor-voucher as a local currency, and get it accepted as such, the more they will supply themselves with the goods, services and labor they need and they would supply the recipients of their money with the purchasing power to buy the goods, services and labor of the issuers. But only the notes or clearing certificates of local issuers will inevitably return to them, soon, in payment for their “exports”. All the amounts of a common money for numerous localities, alike accepted in all of them (like e.g. gold coins are under the classical gold standard with gold coin circulation, or under the rule of a monopoly paper money with legal tender power) which are spend by members of a local community outside of it, will not necessarily or soon enough return to it, although in the average and in the long term this, too, will occur. (E.g. the law of fluctuating gold coin quantities. Such fluctuations are also excessive in war times, revolutionary times and during inflations, deflations and stagflations of the governmental forced currencies. – JZ, 5.8.13.) Moreover, under an exclusive territorial currency, their own local issue and acceptance potential would not be fully mobilized at all and this by themselves. They would all remain dependent upon a centrally-issued monopoly money which, during currency famines and in revolutionary times would often be extensively hoarded. - Although all such freely and competitively issued and accepted notes and certificates might all or mostly reckon in gold weight units and all goods, services and labor might also be priced out in such value standard units (if that is the one the participants chose for themselves for their transactions), not a single gold coin would have to circulate in that community. And yet, theoretically, all its goods, services and labor could be then be sold or cleared against each other at their nominal gold weigh unit value. Sound, optional and market-rated private exchange media and clearing certificates or accounts could achieve that economic “miracle” without the accumulation and utilization of any hoard of gold coins as a redemption fund. – They would be very different from the “fiat money” issued by territorial governments or their central bank. At most the government-money has some “tax-foundation”, usually not enough under its “deficit-funding” with the note-printing presses. - JZ, 4.2.97, 26.9.08, 12.3.13. – In free competition between all the forms of rare metal value standards and rare metal coins as means of payment, the best of them would be likely to be most widely used – but also not exclusively, unless legal tender legislation would wrongfully enforced that kind of limited monetary despotism. – JZ, 5.8.13. - FREE EXCHANGE, MONETARY & CLEARING FREEDOM, FREE VALUE STANDARD RECKONING, IN ADDITION TO THE CURRENT FREE ENTERPRISE, BANKING, EMPLOYMENT & PAYMENT SYSTEM FOR WORK, REPLACING THE CENTRAL BANK’S MONOPOLY, GOLD REDEMPTIONISM? GOLD COVER? CLASSICAL GOLD STANDARD?

FREE BANKING: Credit money, based on human products: Each producer mints his own money in conjunction with his own banker. That is the true function of bankers - dealers in debt.” - Dr. H. G. Pearce. - True at least for the note-issuing banks, dealing in turn-over credits.  (The old practice of discounting sound commercial bills with private banknotes. Also often called the banking principle. These notes need not be covered and redeemed by rare metal coins, since they are shortly cleared against the sound commercial bills, although it was widely believed that this would be necessary and the only honest way and it was, often, even legally enforced as far as it could be.) They and other free banks will also deal in other kinds of debts, mostly based upon capital securities, in the special certificates useful in the capital market as opposed to those exchange media used in the daily turn-over credit market, including the payment of wages, salaries and other earnings and their spending in the shops. - JZ, 27.6.00, 16.12.08, 12.3.13, 5.8.13.

FREE BANKING: Don't nationalize banking but free it, instead! - JZ, 2.6.74, 16.12.08. - Denationalize banking, especially note-issue banking and turn it into free and competitive banking, under full monetary freedom. - JZ, 27.6.00. - VS. NATIONALIZED NOTE ISSUE BANKING, CENTRAL BANKING OR MONETARY DESPOTISM

FREE BANKING: Dr. Paul's free banking legacy lives on! - free banking - -  Facebook, 12.1.13. – Alas, his free banking is not fully free, either, but confined to rare metal currencies – with their strengths – and also their inherent limitations. – JZ, 5.8.13.

FREE BANKING: Dustin Archer shared Crizzle's Buttons's photo. has accepted bitcoins for nearly a year now. Option 2 on all course order pages! Transcript of image text: Bitcoin promo ladder! If you accept Bitcoin for goods and services, add your link below and share this post. - John Zube : The local suppliers and goods, services and labor might be better advised to issue, between them, their own local currency, ignoring the laws of monetary despotism, especially in crisis times, thereby assuring themselves of sales for their goods, services and labor, in honest money, expressing one or the other value standard, in which their goods, services and labor are also priced out. Only these issuers would have to accept such shop currency or clearing certificates or account credits, always at their nominal value for what they have to offer. They certainly don't have to offer gold or silver-coins, although they might price out their offers in such coins. – Facebook, 24.10.12. – Bitcoins are a misnomer for currencies, since they are capital certificates in coin form and of a fluctuating value and also from their foundation on predetermined for a limited edition only, regardless of the requirements or trade and labor for sound exchange media. If they were issued already to their intended total limited circulation, that circulation would certainly not be able to mediate all necessary and wanted exchanges. Currencies should be much more directly related to the ready for sale goods and services, including labor. No kind of capital certificates could be a sufficient substitute for them. – JZ, 5.8.13. - & BITCOINs

FREE BANKING: Even cash payments are often merely convenient and fast forms of clearing transactions and accounting, without the benefits and labor of book-keeping or computerized accounting. (Apart from the use of computers as adding machines. – JZ, 5.8.13.) However, apart from tax evasion attempts, they, too, work best under full publicity, e.g. for the details of note issues and their convertibility into wanted goods, services and labor (shop or reflux foundation) and for their exchange rate, i.e. their par-rate or discounts in local and other markets. Their acceptability for wanted consumer goods and services, including labor – and this at prices, fees of wages expressed e.g. - but not exclusively - in rare metal weight units, at their nominal value in such value standards, is much more important and allows many more sound and competing money issues, all circulating at par, without legal tender power (except towards their issuers and, by contract their debtors), than any exclusive money certificates could, which are fully covered and redeemable in rare metal coins. In free competition with the latter currencies the as-good-as-gold certificates, widely enough acceptable as if they were gold coins, are bound to win in most situations, since they are so much cheaper to produce and much more likely to return, soon, to their issuers, as means of payment to them, than are rare metal coins. – JZ, 10.9.09, 9.3.12. –  CASH PAYMENTS, CLEARING, VALUE STANDARDS, MONEY, CURRENCY GOLD BUGS & FREE MARKET PAPER MONIES, CURRENCIES & VALUE STANDARDS, SHOP CURRENCIES, TICKET MONIES, GOODS WARRANTS & SERVICE VOUCHERS IN MONEY DENOMINATIONS, METALLIC REDEMPTION? RARE METAL CURRENCIES.

FREE BANKING: Exchange media not based like tickets on ready-for-sale consumer goods and services or performances that are in daily demand, cannot be good enough exchange media for the purchase of all such goods, services and performances. They are more like forged money or falsified and uncovered cheques or, in case of forced and exclusive government paper money, like requisitioning certificates. At best, in the latter case, they have at least some tax foundation, are tax anticipation certificates. Alas, under the issue monopoly and legal tender power they are usually issued far beyond their tax foundation, i.e. far beyond the amounts at which they would still be taken at par with their nominal value - if they had a sound value standard, were not monopoly money and had no legal tender power. Without e.g. as sufficient “shop foundation” or “tax foundation” or other inbuilt and short-term reflux for them, only either a 100% cold coin cover and redemption obligation or legal tender power and the issue monopoly can make them acceptable at all. Or the hope or promise that at a future date they would be redeemed in rare metal coins. (This is by far not the only sphere in which all too many people still fall for promises of a better future.) Naturally, the issue monopoly and the legal tender power pre-empt the sphere for alternative and better currencies, i.e., do not allow the better monies, competitively issued and valued, to drive the bad money out of circulation – unless a rarity occurs, namely a genuine monetary revolution, which introduces at least some positive change, if not a degree of freedom or even full monetary freedom in the supply of exchange media, clearing certificates and accounts and in the choice of value standards. – JZ, 9.11.98. – Gresham’s law has different results for money with and for money without legal tender. Without legal the legal tender “quality”, bad money is driven out by better monies. Money bad by being a monopoly money with legal tender power, prevents or drives out better and best private or free market currencies. – JZ. 5.8.13.

FREE BANKING: Food Stamp Recipients Outnumber Populations of 24 States Combined. - - Facebook references supplied by Ron Manners – 30.11.12. John Zube If, instead, local shopping centers and supermarkets could issue their own private currencies, market-rated and refusable, using a sound value standard, both for the payment of e.g. local wages and salaries, and the pricing of their consumer goods and services, then local involuntary unemployment would soon approach zero. Only these issuers should be obliged to redeem their shop currencies with what they have to offer. Such shop currencies could lead to the discontinuance of all food stamps issues to people who did not do any productively work for them. Sales difficulties for wanted consumer goods and services would also disappear. It is central banking with its coercive money issue power that leads to inflations, deflations and stagflations and the seeming need for private or Welfare State "charity". – JZ, 30.11.12 , 5.8.13. - UNEMPLOYMENT, CHARITY, FOOD STAMPS, SHOP CURRENCIES, COMPETEITIVELY ISSUED & VOLUNTARILY ACCEPTED FOR WAGES & SALARIES VS. “FIGHTING POVERTY” WITH FOOD STAMPS

FREE BANKING: Free Banking means much more than gold convertibility: Free choice of value standards, free choice of and freedom to issue exchange media, freedom for all clearing and credit transactions. – JZ, 17.8.11, on Facebook, comment to: Lewis E. Lehrman: The Nixon Shock Heard 'Round the World - - Even the worst of the inflated governmental currencies is still finally convertible into gold – but only on a free gold market and there certainly not at the legal tender rate and compulsorily. – JZ, 10.10.12, 13.3.13. - MONETARY FREEDOM & GOLD CONVERTIBILITY

FREE BANKING: FREE BANKING: Stephen DeMeulenaereComplementary Currency Resource Center - Paul Jacob - The Next Thing in Money - - Innovation doesn't need to start at the top. With competition, it's the upstarts who lead the way. And when it comes to money, we sure need a new start. - Facebook, 22.5.12.

FREE BANKING: FREE CHOICE AMONG VALUE STANDARDS INSTEAD OF LEGAL TENDER POWER FOR ANY MONOPOLY MONEY: Rather go forward to free choice among value standards - also among exchange media and clearing avenues. - Let the free choosers and contractors decide for themselves. We do not need value standard, exchange media and finance Czars. – JZ, 20.12.11, 6.10.12, comment to The Death Certificate Of The Paper Dollar: Where To Next? - Forbes - - FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM, VALUE STANDARDS, EXCHANGE MEDIA, MARKET MONEY VS. FORCED CURRENCY

FREE BANKING: Free Enterprise Builds Jobs.” – A YAF sticker. – Especially if it also includes free enterprise in banking and in other private money issues and voluntary acceptances. – JZ, 21.11.82, 6.10.08, 5.8.13. - FREE ENTERPRISE, JOBS, EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT

FREE BANKING: Free the enterprise of banking, in the meaning of providing sound exchange media or clearing certificates, wherever more of them are still required, and all other enterprises will soon become also free as well and everyone able and willing to work will be able to find a job, paid at market rates, in any of the competing sound currencies that he finds acceptable. If, however, he insists on being paid in the “coin of the realm” or the exclusive and forced paper money of the State - then he may have to remain unemployed. The governments and their central banks were never good at supplying a sound currency in sufficient quantities to make all desired exchanges possible and to thus create the monetary foundation for a truly free market. – JZ, 16.9.98, 27.9.08, 5.8.13. – UNEMPLOYMENT

FREE BANKING: Freedom of issue for refusable and market-rated currencies, which only the issuers have to accept at any time and from anyone at par. – 17.10.97. – The “any time” might be qualified and limited to business hours and the period to which such exchange media would be expressly and quite clearly limited. They are to serve as exchange media to promote turnovers and not as medium or long-term store of value options, even when they are using a sound value standard. However, under full monetary and financial freedom, the earnings opportunities for medium- and long-term investments would be so large that few would be so foolish as to try to store their savings, beyond normal cash requirements, in form of non-interest bearing shop currencies. – JZ, 17.10.97, 28.9.08, 12.3.13.

FREE BANKING: Freedom of note issue is as simple as millions of individual cheques in Australia going into clearing. - JZ, 19.1.84. - Under a perfect clearing system everyone could pay for all his expenses with clearing certificates and could be paid with the clearing certificates of others. The total of all honest transactions would balance and the dishonest issuers of uncovered cheques could be quickly traced. Free note issues would merely facilitate general clearing. They are, essentially, clearing certificates, too. - JZ, 27.6.00. - Thinking only in terms of rare metal coins and notes redeemable in them has hidden that fact in most minds for all too long. This popular error and prejudices occurred and remained in spite of the fact that there are many paper certificates with a market value that are not redeemable in rare metals. But their value can also be freely determined in rare metal value units, without making them redeemable in such units. – To comprehend this one has to keep value standard and value carrier (the banknote goods- or service warrant in a monetary denomination, or clearing certificate or clearing account) apart in one’s mind and comprehend both as being subject to contracts and free market relationships, pricing, discounting and refusals. The acceptance of a note by the issuer, who has wanted consumer goods and services to offer, priced e.g. in gold weight units and who is prepared to accept his notes as if they were corresponding gold weight units, amounts to a gold-value acceptance or gold value clearing or gold value accounting standard, as good as the gold redemption standard, as far as value standards are concerned and better as an exchange medium, because as such it is elastically expandable and reducible in volume, corresponding to the volume of voluntary turn-overs, regardless of how well or badly the traders and issuers are supplied with gold coins. Thus millions of goods, labor and service exchange transactions could be soundly measured and take place without a single gold coin changing hands in them. – The “gold bugs” bug me by simply continuing to ignore that rightful free exchange option. - JZ, 16.12.08.

FREE BANKING: Freedom of note issue is no more dangerous or an invitation to cheating than freedom to issue any token pennies was 100 years ago, by general stores etc. I found some on my property. Hundreds more may still be buried there. - JZ, 19.1.84. - The same could be said on any tickets. Over-issues rarely happen and forgeries of them are rare, too. Freedom to issue ticket money for all who have an interesting enough range of goods or services to offer so that they would find voluntary takers for their issues. Naturally, combined issues of convenient shopping tickets by shopping centers, issued in short term loans for wage and salary payments, would be the trend of such a monetary freedom development. Ticket-monies to pay electricity, telephone, computer-connection, water, gas and petrol bills with them, would also be widely acceptable. Anything that can be rightly and usefully as well as conveniently monetized should be so transformed and thus put purchasing power for it into circulation and secure its sale in the near future. The right of the issuer is limited by the rights of the potential acceptors. It takes two to tango. - JZ, 27.6.00. – Even the issuers would not wish to see their notes or tokens depreciated or refused in general local circulation. Thus they would closely watch for the first discounts and refusals and reduce their issues correspondingly, even without being forced to do so. – JZ, 13.3.13. - FREEDOM OF NOTE ISSUE, TOKEN MONEY, FREE MARKET MONIES AS OPPOSED TO FIAT MONIES: MONOPOLY MONIES & LEGAL TENDER CURRENCIES, INFLATION RISK

FREE BANKING: Freedom to monetize one’s immediately ready for sale assets, wanted by enough others, mainly one’s consumer goods, services and labor, to pay one’s debts in a private free market money or settle them by clearing, using an agreed-upon value standard. Only the issuers would have to always accept their own notes or account credits at par with their nominal value.  - JZ, 7. & 9.11.12. - MONETARY FREEDOM, FREEDOM TO CLEAR ONE’S DEBTS – FREE MARKET MONIES INSTEAD OF LEGAL TENDER MONOPOLY MONIES UNDER CENTRAL BANKING, FREE EXCHANGE, DIVISION OF LABOUR & FULLY FREE TRADE, EVEN WHEN IT COMES TO PAYMENT METHODS & MEANS

FREE BANKING: From hyperinflation and monetary collapse to currency competition, innovation, and success. - free banking - - EcoCash, a mobile money-transfer service, now has a million subscribers. 'There is a lot of money to be made by investing in the poor,' says Zimbabwe's Deputy Prime Minister Arthur Mutambara.

FREE BANKING: Full monetary freedom, without rare metal “reserves”, “covers” and fractional or 100% redemption obligation, under free choice of value standards and freedom to issue and obligation to accept at par the own kind of exchange and clearing media or credit accounts. – J.Z., 9.11.12. - MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE CHOICE OF VALUE STANDARDS, GOLD BUGS, GOLD WEIGHT ACCOUNTING & CLEARING STANDARD

FREE BANKING: Good and honest banking is not impossible - it's just outlawed! - JZ, 31.1.76 & 27.6.00. - VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, HONESTY

FREE BANKING: Goods- and service vouchers as well as clearing house certificates, all in monetary denominations, freely issued and without the privilege, coercion and fraud of “legal tender” money and of any monopoly for them, i.e., subject to refusals and discounts by all but the issuers, instead of any forced and exclusive currency (with compulsory acceptance and enforced and fictitious value), issued by the central bank of a government. Such monetary freedom issues would greatly reduce most of the large economic problems, like recurrent crises, inflation, deflation, stagflation, with their involuntary mass unemployment, bankruptcies, sales difficulties and great reductions of living standards and antagonism to refugees. – JZ, 27.2.07, 25.10.07, 12.3.13. - MONETARY FREEDOM, ECONOMIC CRISES, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM

FREE BANKING: Government currencies tend to go from bad to worse. Allow private and cooperative enterprises and associations, e.g. shop associations, to issue exchange media, sound ones, self-regulating through free market and free contract actions of the participants. All but the issuers should be free to choose between them, refuse or to discount them. No compulsory acceptance or forced value for them. Thus, as a rule, only those competing currencies would be successful, which are able to maintain their par value at least locally. In other districts or countries they may get a discount, just like foreign exchange can get a discount in our countries. The thus and there discounted currencies would then tend to stream back, to their issuers, who would have to accept them at part. Unless foreign governments or bankers in foreign districts would hoard them as foreign exchange! This is an unnecessary and anti-economic rather than economic action. But then any irrational, wrongful and counter-productive measure may be expected from territorial governments and is likely to be continued by them for years to centuries. – Voluntarism and free pricing works in this sphere as well. - JZ, 17.8.98, 26.9.08, 12.3.13, 5.8.13. – TERRITORIALISM, FREE MARKET MONIES VS. FIAT CURRENCIES, MONOPOLY MONIES, LEGAL TENDER

FREE BANKING: HERE IS WHAT THE FED IS DOING TO KEEP ALTERNATIVE REAL CURRENCY OUT OF THE HANDS OF WE THE PEOPLE. THIS IS A TOTAL TRAVESTY OF JUSTICE AND NEEDS TO BE DEALT WITH. Say what you will about Bernard von Nothaus, the man has led his federal probation officers to some beautiful places. First, there was the waterfront penthouse in Miami Beach. Then there was the penthouse at the Marco Polo condominium in Honolulu. Today, he occupies a multimillion-dollar, 40-acre estate in Malibu owned by a longtime friend. Make no mistake, though: Nothaus is broke. Ever since the FBI raided the Evansville office of his alternative currency, the Liberty Dollar, in 2007 - seizing his assets and arresting him for counterfeiting - the 68-year-old has been living on Social Security and the kindness of wealthy acquaintances. Which explains how someone who drives a beat-up, ’90s-era Pontiac Grand Am received his regular visit from the probation department yesterday at a spectacular house with a driveway so winding and steep that the officer refused to ascend it. - Mark Are Reynolds - Facebook, 27.7.12. - – LIBERTY DOLLAR NEWS LIBERTY DOLLAR, MONETARY DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING

FREE BANKING: How general must a currency be? We have, world-wide, ca. 150 different State currencies. How varied and multiplied note issues could be is indicated by the fact that at least 10% of all earners have their own individualized cheque books. - JZ, 5.4.85, & 27.6.00. – How many different credit cards do exist by now? They, too, do, essentially, only facilitate clearing. – JZ, 16.12.08. - VARIETY & DECENTRALIZATION OF NOTE ISSUES, Q.

FREE BANKING: How much of a variety of exchange media would have to be expected? - As many as are desired and tolerated. - Could there be too many of them? - Not when they can be refused or discounted. - The number of different credit cards that can be issued and that are accepted by potential acceptors is also self-limiting. I have no longer even one of them because it was rarely ever used by me. I rather pay in cash or with my cheques. – A free market will set a limit to the multiplicity of exchange media and value standards that are generally accepted in any particular locality. Certainly more than one are possible, even though one of them might get the greatest share of the local market for exchange media. Any excess varieties offered will simply be refused. – Exchange offices or banks will exchange them, as they do foreign currencies in tourist centers or in airports. Everything has its size limits and optimum. We will certainly not get as many varieties exchange media and value standards as we have e.g. in books and periodicals. – We have the choice between a uniform and exclusive and almost always mismanaged exchange medium, whose external appearance rarely changes but whose purchasing power is almost constantly diminished, even as a matter of policy, not only as a result of the temptation it offers to its abusers and a variety of exchange media and value that compete with each other but can supply our monetary exchange needs and our value standard reckoning much better than the government’s monopoly money can. – Variety is the spice of life, here, too. - JZ, 25.12.98, 25.9.08. – Q.

FREE BANKING: If you read only this concept of money from Walter Zander, then you will get a complete new view on money. You should try this! (Dr. Zander was a member of Swiss/German School of Monetary Freedom in the 1930s.): - Freies Markt Geld – Facebook, 14.7.12. – It was a Swiss, German & Jewshs school of monetary freedom. One of its members, Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, a German, was my mentor and, to some extent, also of my father (Solneman: Kurt H. Zube, 1905-1991.) – JZ, 4.9.12.

FREE BANKING: In Africa, a Cellphone, a Shack, a Banking Solution - - Better banks, for the issue and reflux of local currencies would be local shopping centers. (*) Merely facilitating the use of monopoly money with legal tender power is not going far enough towards full monetary freedom or really free banking. – JZ, 15.6.11, on Facebook. Revised: 5.8.13. - (*) Even the participants in open air markets in underdeveloped countries could, economically, issue their own shop-currency in short term loans to pay their way and achieve more sales with greater certainty. Historically, again and again, even local general stores were successful, locally, with their token-money issues. They occurred again and again, especially in crisis times and in spite of legal prohibitions. – However, the ever-growing network of mobiles does open up many clearing options, in which no physical money is needed but merely a sound and accepted value standard and freedom and honesty in such transactions. – Revealing and shunning of crooks could also be facilitated by this network. -  It could e.g., establish and use private credit reference bureaus or websites. - JZ, 11.10.12.

FREE BANKING: In Greece,Barter Networks Surge - - While its basic monetary and financial despotism remains! Black market transactions are not sufficiently good substitutes for free market exchanges - and their exchange media, value standards and clearing avenues as well as credits and subscriptions. Irini Sotiropoulou, some time ago, wrote a study of the Greek experiments, in English: - JZ, 6.10.11, on Facebook. - & BARTER NETWORKS, BLACK MARKETS

FREE BANKING: It is, therefore, a flagrant, manifest tyranny, a flagrant, manifest violation of men's natural rights, to lay any conditions or restrictions whatever upon the business of banking - that is, upon the lending and hiring of money - except such as are laid upon all other transactions between man and man, viz.: the fulfillment of contracts, and restraints upon force and fraud.” – Lysander Spooner, A New Banking System, p.51. - The rights of potential acceptors of money to either refuse it altogether, or to accept it at par or at a discount, combined with the obligation of the issuer to always accept his own IOU at par and with full publicity for his issues as well as free choice of value standards, are a sufficient restriction to prevent over-issues and to preserve the use of sound enough and optional value standards used in pricing, wage contracts and in competitively issued notes. - JZ, 27.6.00, 16.12.08, 5.8.13.

FREE BANKING: It was Tucker's belief that mutual banking would be the single greatest step that could possibly be taken in the direction of emancipating labor form poverty. No single liberty was as necessary as the liberty of banking. (LIBERTY, 314-5).” - Carl Watner, JLS, Fall 77, p. 316. - It liberates the monetary demand for productive labor, making it, potentially, as large as the total quantity of all ready for sale consumer goods and services and labor but, at the same time, no larger than the ability and willingness of laborers to work for, purchase and consume such goods and services. Any walk through any large shopping center will indicate to anyone how vast this kind of potential cover and redemption fund is, and also how rapidly it can be replenished. Nevertheless, these and other potential issuers of sound and stable competing currencies are presently prevented, by wrongful legislation, from issuing them and thus assuring for themselves and all others a permanent boom economy, apart from natural or man-made catastrophes. - JZ, 27.6.00, 5.8.13. – (Nor are they fully aware of and appreciative of this liquidity option for them. Most of them simply to not apply their entrepreneurial spirit, initiative and incentives in this sphere but, all too thoughtlessly, submit to all the crises and difficulties caused for them by the monopoly money and forced currency of central banking. – JZ, 12.3.13, 5.8.13.) Moreover, there is a considerable readiness of these suppliers to offer at least part of these goods on terms, attractive enough to both sides, not only to their consumers, but also for productive short term credits in wage and salary payments to employers but also for short term, medium term and long term capital investments, interest bearing and, possibly, also being secured via value preserving clauses, mostly repayable, with interest charges, on regular and agreed-upon terms. That this ability and willingness exists, even under the present system of monetary despotism, is indicated by the long-terms for consumer credit offered, sometimes even interest-free. The problems of mass production are largely solved – but not yet the problem of assured sales for mass-produced consumer goods and services. The stockpiles of retailers and wholesalers are enormous and could readily cope with the task to pay for millions of additional jobs, not only those producing more consumer goods but also of medium and long-term capital goods. But subscription to these investments must be formalized by the issuers of shop currencies and the holders of their goods- and service warrants, by them buying corresponding securities and, gradually and finally these credits must also be repayable in such goods and service vouchers, in accordance with the terms agreed upon. – JZ, 16.12.08, 5.8.13.

FREE BANKING: Just a reminder to my libertarian friends: the problem is central banks and their monopoly powers, not fractional reserves and not legal tender laws." - Steve Horwitz – Facebook hint. free banking via Foundation for Economic Education – CENTRAL BANKING, FREE MARKET MONEY VS. MONOPOLY MONEY & FORCED CURRENCIES, LEGAL TENDER, FRACTIONAL RESERVES? 100% RESERVES? REDEMPTIONISM? COVER? SHOP FOUNDATION OR READINESS TO ACCEPT FOUNDATION OR CLEARING FOUNDATION WILL DO.

FREE BANKING: Let good, i.e. rightful, rational and optional competing currencies drive out the bad money of monetary despotism, i.e. that of all central banks with an exclusive territorial forced currency, that is, all those with an issue monopoly and the compulsory acceptance and the forced and fictitious value of legal tender power. That will automatically happen when the legalized issue monopoly and legal tender power are repealed. Only bad monies need such power. Under monetary freedom they would be rejected or discounted. – JZ, 30.11.12, 1.12.12, 5.8.13. - COMPETING CURRENCIES, MARKET MONEYS, GRESHAM’S LAW, LEGAL TENDER, MONETARY DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM

FREE BANKING: Like the production of all other goods, production of money left to the market is regulated by profit and loss. Additional money is produced when demand for money increases or demand for other goods produced by the same resources decreases. If the demand for money increased, the value of gold coins would rise. Minting companies would increase production to capture the profit. – Jeffrey M. Herbener, Leave Money Production to the Market, MISES DAILY, May 14, 2012. – Facebook, hint by  Nizam Ahmad - 10.11.12. – FREE MARKET MONIES, MONETARY FREEDOM -

FREE BANKING: Moreover, though there is every reason to mistrust government if not tied to the gold standard or the like, there is no reason to doubt that private enterprise, whose business depended on succeeding in the attempt, could keep stable the value of a money it issued.” – F. A. Hayek, Denationalization of Money, p.29. - STABLE MONEY, VALUE STANDARD, STABLE CURRENCIES UNDER MONETARY FREEDOM, SOUND MONEY, FREE MARKET MONIES, OPTIONAL MONIES, SHOP FOUNDATION CURRENCIES

FREE BANKING: Not all of the productive potential should be monetized by the issue of currencies for all of the ready for sale goods and services but only for as much of it as the potential acceptors of shop currencies would be willing to accept at par, in accordance with their consumption and cash-holding habits, also dependent upon whether most of them are paid weekly, fortnightly or monthly. The production potential should be made effective (in combination with monetary freedom issues largely only for wage and salary payments) not by currency issues but by the emission of suitable medium and long term capital securities, bonds, shares, mortgages etc., appealing to savers and investors, rather than to shoppers. The required turnover credits and the currencies and clearing certificates or shop currencies, which would make them possible up to their natural limits, should be clearly distinguished from capital credit transactions expressed in special capital securities. The liquidity from savings available for capital securities should be distinguished from limited savings for cash holdings and current expenditures as well as some larger purchases. Both spheres benefit greatly from the increased transferability achieved through the kinds of freely issued exchange media and clearing certificates and accounts, which are easily usable and useful in their own particular spheres. – Both spheres suffer greatly from any kind of government interventions. - JZ, 7.9.00, 6.10.08. – MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM VS. MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM

FREE BANKING: Not note-issue freedom but financial freedom, the freedom to issue medium- and long-term securities, would allow all with good economic prospects to raise productive capital in this way. - JZ, 7.4.81. - Monetary freedom would merely mean that capital investments would tend to be more secure for with it the sales problem for their goods or service production would be largely solved, to the extent that it can be solved monetarily. All their customers would be monetarily able to pay, to the extent of their recent and monetarily rewarded productivity. There would be no sudden reductions of trading by economic crises, all, fundamentally, caused by monetary and financial despotism. Note issues are immediate claims against whatever the issuer, or his circle of customers, has to offer. (E.g., local shops might associate and establish a common bank for the issue of a local shop currency. – JZ, 5.8.13.) Financial certificates are issued as claims only against one's future productivity and capital assets. - JZ, 27.6.00. - FREEDOM TO ISSUE MEDIUM & SHORT TERM SECURITIES, RAISING CAPITAL FOR PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENTS

FREE BANKING: Not only free migration is needed but also monetary freedom so that competing free market monies could also compete as wage payment means for able and willing labor. According to Gresham's Law, properly understood, without legal tender and a monopoly, sound currencies would drive out the unsound ones. The very consumer goods and services, which the poor need, could then be offered by a local bank of issue of any shopping centre, issuing its own shop currency, with shop-foundation, mainly in short term loans to local employers, for wage and salary payments. They would thus assure more local jobs and also corresponding sales for themselves. With these free market monies they could anticipate the sales proceeds of the goods of manufacturers, sold to wholesalers, just like formerly, in the application of the sound free banking principle, banks discounted sound commercial bills with their banknotes. These were bills, which represented the sales proceeds of manufacturers to the wholesalers. While sound value reckoning is also a right, it does not require that such notes are covered and redeemed in rare metal coins. Shop foundation, or its reflux or readiness to accept foundation, is sufficient to keep their value at par with their chosen value standard. The shop prices should also be expressed in a self-chosen sound value standard. Then such shop currencies would, essentially, act as sound and efficient clearing certificates. However, this requires the ending of the legalized monetary despotism of central banking, perhaps best by a peaceful and businesslike monetary revolution, whenever unemployment rates and the number of bankruptcies or inflation have become extreme. – John Zube - Comment on Facebook, 20.3.13, to John T. Kennedy, recommending free migration to the poor as a means to paid jobs. – Revised: 5.8.13. - VIA SHOP CURRENCIES

FREE BANKING: NY Times has an excellent, fair-minded profile of Bernard von NotHaus today. The feds accused him of "domestic terrorism" for producing coinage that contained precious metals - unlike US govt fiat $.: Jim Bovard commented on his own link. – Facebook, 28.10.12. - Under monetary despotism the producers of honest and sound currencies are punished rather than praised and left alone. – JZ, 7.1.13. - MONETARY DESPOTISM, MONETARY FREEDOM, HONEST & SOUND CURRENCIES, FREE COINAGE, LIBERTY DOLLARS.

FREE BANKING: One does not get rich by being free to issue one's own money but one creates one of the preconditions for getting rich - by thus facilitating the voluntary exchange of goods and services. In the process the unforced and optional good monies would drive out the bad. - JZ, 19.1.84 & 27.6.00. - FREEDOM FOR NOTE ISSUES, RICHES, WEALTH, GRESHAM’S LAW, FREE MARKET MONIES VS. LEGAL TENDER MONOPOLY MONIES, MONETARY FREEDOM

FREE BANKING: Our government prints lots of money. It's one way to cover deficit spending. Of course, that means that over time, dollars lose value. What if I could print my own dollars to compete with government? Maybe they'd look like this ...But I can't compete with government's currency. It's against the law. People have gone to jail for trying to issue alternative currencies. On my show tonight at 9pm, former Federal Reserve economist David Barker argues that allowing private currency would help solve problems like inflation: "In all of the instances in world history where we've had [private currencies], we haven't had rampant runaway inflation. But we have many examples of that under government monopoly money," he points out. You bet. Here's a 100 trillion dollar bill from Zimbabwe." - Stossel Dollars? - - Our government prints lots of money. It's one way to cover deficit spending. - Judy Morris on Facebook, 2.3.12. – INFLATION, MARKET MONEY VS. GOVERNMENT MONEY

FREE BANKING: People, who allow their governments to force pieces of scrap into circulation, as if it were genuine and sound money, are not yet monetarily emancipated. – JZ, 31.7.98, 26.9.08. – PAPER MONEY, INFLATION, LEGAL TENDER, MONEY ISSUE MONOPOLY

FREE BANKING: Personal and political freedom cannot be maintained without monetary freedom.” - Ulrich von Beckerath, on Koegler's Proposal, 18.7.1960. - MONETARY FREEDOM

FREE BANKING: Private banknotes, issued in the discount of commercial bills, are based on a private debt foundation, while State paper money with tax foundation has, as such, a public debt foundation. - JZ, 6.2.79. - The private debt foundation of "real bills" is short-term and corresponds to the production and circulation of goods, and to the supply and use of wanted services. Tax foundation can keep up a circulation of paper money, at par with its nominal value, only corresponding to the tax take for the next 1-3 months. Any issue beyond that, based upon government insecurities, has no or not enough inherent immediate and short-term reflux or readiness-to-accept or clearing foundation. That is one of the reasons why governments usually gave their paper notes a monopoly position and a forced value. Then good and competing private note issues could not drive it out of circulation. Then all those, who are dependent upon monetary transactions, have to use the government money, no matter how much inflated, deflated or stag-flated it was - and is. - JZ, 27.6.00, 12.3.13, 5.8.13. - DEBT FOUNDATION, PRIVATE & PUBLIC, TAX FOUNDATION FOR PAPER MONEY

FREE BANKING: Producing more rightful and better money-, and value-standard-, clearing-, credit- and financing systems than those permitted or controlled by territorial governments - is not impossible but merely outlawed. – JZ, 12.8.09, 9.3.12, 12.3.13.

FREE BANKING: Professor Hayek's proposal that the supply of money be put into the market place along with other goods and services …” - Arthur Seldon, introducing F. A. Hayek, Denationalization of Money, p.5. - MONEY SUPPLY.  The laws of supply and demand and of free pricing, voluntarism, freedom of contract and freedom of association do work in the spheres the of the supply and demand for exchange media and for value standards as well. They, too, are merely goods and services. – JZ, 12.3.13.

FREE BANKING: Publicly-owned Banks as an Instrument of Economic Development: The German Model - - In any free exchange the profit it mutual. The banking business has not been free for almost a century and was all too restricted even before that. Bureaucrats and politicians are the least suitable people to run it. By all means, open a cooperative bank for note issues and savings and investments or a credit union, - if you can get governmental permission for it. Alas, you still seem to be a territorial statist utopist, who has not learned anything from economic history. Naturally, at your own expense and risk, and that of your followers, you should be free to repeat, once again, all the ancient and modern mistakes in this sphere. – JZ, n.d., on Facebook. - CENTRAL BANKING & DEVELOPMENT, MONETARY FREEDOM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREE MARKET MONIES, ALTERNATIVE CURRENCIES, OPTIONAL & MARKET RATED, COMPETITIVE EXCHANGE MEDIA & VALUE STANDARD SYSTEMS VS. CENTRAL BANKING, ITS MONOPOLISM & LEGAL TENDER

FREE BANKING: Set free the monetary demand for labor, services and goods - through full monetary freedom. – Monetary freedom would permit the monetization of all ready for sale goods, services and labor, by their owners, in suitable local associations or through fully free clearing, to the extent that all such notes or certificates are freely accepted and used at par with their nominal value. More such certificates could not be forced into circulation. Even if they suffered a temporary small discount in local circulation, because the local circulation is already saturated with such exchange media, this would only drive them back to their issuer all the faster, who would be the only ones obliged to accept these, their own IOU’s, at any time at par from anyone, for his goods, services and labor. Thereby the excess exchange media and their discount would fast disappear. Even goods that are not daily needed consumer goods and services could be offered for limited circles in corresponding certificates for various luxuries offered. Among them could be the services of expensive restaurants, hotels, brothels, exhibitions, entertainments and gambling casinos. In-between there are e.g. professional services of educators, lawyers, architects, engineers and tradesmen, which are not needed by everyone every day but which have also a regular demand for their services from a whole local population. Then there are services daily needed in developed countries, like gas or electricity, water and system services, telephone and internet connections, petrol and gas supply, train, taxi, bus and plane services, which could also issue their own service warrants or clearing certificates. Each payment sphere could, theoretically, supply and use its own exchange media or clearing certificates, to the extent that their potential customers are willing to accept them at par with their nominal value, as measured on one or the other sound value standard. A single supplier of exchange media or clearing certificates should no more be tolerated than a single supplier of food, drinks, clothing, shelter, education, information and medicines. - JZ, 11.8.99, 6.10.08. - DEMAND & SUPPLY, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONEY MONOPOLY, CENTRAL BANKING, FREE CLEARING, FREE NOTE ISSUES, FREE MARKET RATING OF ALL EXCHANGE MEDIA & VALUE STANDARDS

FREE BANKING: Set printing presses and people free to print SOUND competing currencies, covered by and redeemable in the goods and services that are locally wanted and offered by them. By their very nature, there will not be and cannot be an over-issue or an insufficient supply of such "ticket-money" or "shop-foundation currency" or voluntary contribution money. Exclusive and forced currencies have held us back for thousands of years. Let good monies drive out the bad, as they will, inevitably, if free to do so. – JZ, 14.9.12.

FREE BANKING: Shops, shopping centers, shop associations, all providers of daily needed consumer goods and services, should be free to provide their own exchange media, clearing certificates and accounts and value standards for the pricing of their goods and services and to achieve their sales, i.e. their shop foundation notes and certificates and account credits, which they could and should be free to issue, to facilitate their sales and to integrate all able and willing unemployed and under-employed into the process of free production and value for value exchange, mainly by short term loans in these private monies of their own, to employers, to be used by these to pay already existing employees and additional ones with these means of payment, to the extent that their employees would find such exchange media acceptable and useful for them. In at least a few cases this has already been done successfully but it was legally and juridically suppressed nevertheless. Historically and in a still primitive way, it was already done with the truck system and its truck shops, usually established by employers and thus subject to the usual struggle between employers and employees. But, before this primitive system could have been suitably developed, into e.g. truck shops run by the employees themselves, e.g. as a consumer cooperative, lending its shop currency to employers, as an additional means to pay wages with, and turning itself gradually into a free bank, numerous attempts of this kind were simply suppressed, and this over centuries, instead of trying to improve this payment method as much as possible and to finally provide a much better means of payment in sufficient quantities than any government did and could. A federation of numerous consumer coops could have issued a widely acceptable private currency of its own. It might have become the largest note issuing organization. But proletarians and their sympathizers never developed sufficient initiative for such attempts. Class warfare notions and union organizations and their false ideology, based upon false assumptions and conclusions, as well as popular errors and prejudices, opposed this development, asserting that this payment method would amount to “double exploitation” of the workers and, therefore they worked towards and “achieved” legislation, which required wages and salaries to be paid in the coin of the realm or in the forced and exclusive paper currency of governments, regardless of whether the country was under-supplied with it and regardless of the frequent inflations. (The latter kept the unions busy in ever new wage struggles and made them seem necessary and important.) – Naturally, no one but competitive private issuers should be legally or juridically obliged to accept such private note issues or clearing certificates and this also at their nominal value. – The tacit assumption of all prohibitions of monetary freedom options was that either employers or the existing banks or the central bank would always be able to obtain or produce enough sound exchange media to make the payment of wages and salaries easy and to assure the sale of products and services. – This assumption was upheld in the face of all facts and references to the contrary. - JZ, 30.11.98, 29.9.08, 12.3.13, 5.8.13.

FREE BANKING: So the case rests: Until the government’s monopoly over money is abolished, good private competitive enterprise money will never have the chance to drive out bad governmental monopoly money." – Richard Timberlake, free banking quote on Facebook, 29.2.12, from pages 419-420 of the revised (1993) edition in of Richard Timberlake’s landmark study “Monetary Policy in the United States”; it occurs immediately after he suggests how the role of private, competitively issued money might be expanded. – His views on full monetary freedom are exceptionally advanced, in my opinion, compared with most modern and famous free banking advocates, who have only an exclusive and redemptionists gold standard currency in their minds. – JZ, 12.4.12. - MONEY ISSUE MONOPOLY

FREE BANKING: Stephen DeMeulenaere  - Complementary Currency Resource Center - The Complementary Currency Research Group,, a group of 110 academics, researchers and students have completed the first phase of their collective project to produce a more accurate figure of the Number of CC Systems Worldwide, and that is 3,424. If you feel this number to be in doubt, please add your information here: - Complementary Currency Resource Center .:. Complementary Currency Research Group - - We would like to thank those who have contributed to and

FREE BANKING: The capital assets would be a wrongful form of debt foundation for currencies. The proper form of maximizing the transferability and value of capital assets consists in corresponding capital securities, e.g. shares, bonds, mortgages, not in using them to “cover” and “redeem” exchange media “based” upon them. Such “asset” “currencies” would not have a sufficient “shop-foundation” or reflux or current purchasing power for their acceptors. And why should businessmen, shopkeepers or workers accept them in payment any more than they would accept small shares or bonds in payments due to them? What could they do with such capital assets, except save them for a long time or to try to sell them on the capital market? What they mostly or much more need is currency, exchange media, for their current turnover business, of goods and services for their labor or services, upon which their survival depends. From that currency received they could then save and invest as much as they can or want to. Who would be obliged to accept capital securities from them, in form of small denominations, like money, and thus at par with their nominal values? Such “exchange media” should no more be forced into circulation at their nominal value any more than the State’s legal tender money should be, which is also largely “based” upon mere capital securities: medium or long-term debt certificates of States, rather than, quite exclusively, upon due or soon due taxes and fees or other charges due (by laws) to the government. The issue and final redemption of capital securities should be clearly distinguished from the sound issue and reflux of currencies. - It is true that capital securities are sold and bought for currencies, but that does not turn these capital securities any more into assets suitable for money issues than are, e.g. furniture or carpets. (Except by shops selling them as part of the total shop-currency foundation of the shop currency of a shopping center.) In other words, furniture and carpets would also constitute part of a sound cover and redemption option for shop currency. However, on their own, such capital goods could only make very limited issues possible, mostly, probably, only in form of gift certificates, to be bought with real currency (issued upon quite another basis, suitable at least for a local currency) or with clearing certificates or clearing accounts, because with them, and at least locally, a much wider and diverse purchasing power, one for all kinds of goods and services, would be provided, all in a proper mixture, corresponding to the needs or wants of the note, certificate or account holders. – JZ, 10.9.05, 30.10.07, 12.3.13, 5.8.13. - MONETIZATION OF CAPITAL ASSETS INTO CURRENCIES?

FREE BANKING: The ECB issues new notes" - Nigel Farage MEP, today ECB may be open to another interest-rate cut. info of today - The solution to stop the bubbles that cause impoverishment: End the monopoly of money creation (end central banks), and create a Free Banking system (is free market bank issued money with no central bank and minimal government regulation. It is the separation of money and state), with private currency. Short of this, a gold standard or similar is desirable. - Rui Nobre Pinheiro, Facebook, 10.7.12. 

FREE BANKING: The employers could also issue typified and standardized assignments upon their regular products or services, to the extent that a ready market exists for them. These, their private exchange media, could serve them to pay their bills with and they would inevitably stream back to them in payment for whatever they have to offer. It might be electricity, gas, petrol, transport or any other daily wanted goods and services, including even repair work. – JZ, 3.8.07. A wide enough variety of employers, acting together, could offer almost as much in variety of goods and services as e.g. a vast shopping center can. To the extent that they cannot offer sufficient diverse choice, which are wanted or needed, their issue would be self-limited by the right of potential acceptors to refuse acceptance or to discount their notes, goods warrants, service vouchers or clearing certificates and by their own readiness to accept these notes for what they have to offer. – JZ, 19.10 07, 12.3.13, 5.8.13. - MONETARY FREEDOM, POTENTIAL ISSUERS, THE EMPLOYERS

FREE BANKING: The FDIC guarantees over $ 682 billion in bank deposits … there is only $ 1 of insurance for every $ 76 on deposit. … It would take only 1.4% of the nation’s deposits to be wiped out through banking failures, and the entire FDIC fund would be penniless. …” - THE RUFF TIMES, introductory offer. – In other words, the reality of the government’s “guaranty” consists in its readiness to engage in further inflation. – JZ, 21.11.82, 5.20.08. – FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION, GOVERNMENT GUARANTIES, DEPOSIT BANKING, DEPOSIT INSURANCE, GOVERNMENT-GUARANTEED BANKING

FREE BANKING: The Founding Fathers regarded political control of monetary institutions with an abhorrence born of bitter experience, and they seriously considered writing a sharp limitation on such governmental activity into the Constitution itself. Yet they did not, and by "speaking in silences" gave the government they founded the near-absolute authority over currency and coinage that has always been considered the necessary consequence of national sovereignty. — Gerald T. Dunne, Monetary Decisions of the Supreme Court [1961] – Quoted in FFF Email Update of 2.8.12. – Even the USA Constitution, with all of its amendments, is far from an ideal and quite libertarian one. – JZ, 12.3.13. – CONSTITUTIONALISM, USA, FOUNDING FATHERS, BILL OF RIGHTS AMENDMENNTS

FREE BANKING: The goods- and service warrant payment system of Ulrich von Beckerath represents, essentially, the extension of the clearing system from factory owners and merchants to workers, and other employees, to the extent that their wages and salaries are paid with such clearing certificates, which do represent claims to the goods and services produced or offered by themselves and by the other workers and employees. They would thus clear their labors against the products and services of the labors of others. – JZ, 3.8.07. - MONETARY FREEDOM, CLEARING, EMPLOYEES, WORKERS, WAGES, SALARIES

FREE BANKING: The INDIVIDUALIST stands between the two, and calls for the application of individualism to the money supply. Let the State neither deflate nor reflate the money supply, but relinquish its control, and allow the commercial banks to meet the demands of commerce for money. A bank has its finger on the pulse of local demand and supply conditions in the money market, and has no temptation to inflate.” - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 8/78, 43. - Firstly, he over-estimated the abilities of current bankers, who, at least at present, do, mostly, know nothing anymore about sound private note issues and their reflux requirements, nor, I believe, about sound short term turnover-loans, on the old principle and practice of “discounting” "real bills". Instead, they insist on all kinds of other "securities", which have nothing to do with local turnover-credits. Closest to that business are their current account credits. But they are presently paid and payable in the government's monopoly money. Local shopping centers are much better informed on how much and on what terms they could issue their shop currencies, but they are not yet accustomed to make their surplus goods stocks and service capacity, ready for sale, available in suitable short term loans, or legally permitted to issue them for wage and salary payments or pay their own staff and suppliers in this way or to purchase capital securities in this way. But they have begun to enter the general banking business, e.g. with their own credit cards and might learn fast. Obviously, they would not be inclined to over-issue, since all their notes would soon stream back to them. Nor could they over-issue when potential acceptors are free to refuse or discount their notes, because they would rather shop somewhere else, at least with some of their money. Meulen was never quite clear on the role played by Legal Tender and never rejected rare metal redemptionism altogether. Instead, he wanted to redeem with gold at a fluctuating rate. - JZ, 27.6.00, 16.12.08.

FREE BANKING: The issue of typified and standardized vouchers, goods warrants etc. for the payment of wages and other debts is everywhere prohibited. So why do the unemployed generally presume that such issues are irrelevant to their situation and that it is quite normal and natural that they are only allowed to try to sell their labor for the government's monopolized from of money? – I would certainly not be surprised if one day it would be proven that those, who consume much alcohol and tobacco are much less likely to think much and correctly about providing sound exchange media and a free choice in value standards. – Those addicted to trade unionism or to business and free enterprise, as usual, do certainly not think much about such questions, either. = JZ, 3.5.83 & 27.6.00. – Trade union leaders have certainly not enlightened themselves and their members about monetary and financial freedom options. – If they did, they would soon make themselves superfluous. - JZ, 2.3.13, 5.8.13. - UNEMPLOYMENT, MONEY MONOPOLY & WAGE PAYMENTS, UNIONS

FREE BANKING: The monopolization of money and banking is the ultimate pillar on which the modern state rests. In fact, it has, probably, become the most cherished instrument for increasing state income. For nowhere else can the state make the connection between redistribution-expenditure and exploitation-return more directly, quickly, and securely than by monopolizing money and banking. And nowhere else are the state’s schemes less clearly understood than here. – Hans-Herman Hoppe, Banking, National States, and International Politics. - Nizam Ahmad shared Anarcho-Capitalism's photo. - John Zube Help to correct and complete my A to Z on free banking and my free banking bibliography, both on - For one person such jobs are much too large. - John Zube - Another one is the "right" of the territorial State to levy tributes in form of taxes and to take up government debts upon that basis. In combination with various wrongful regulations in this sphere, they form what I call monetary and financial despotism. No quite private corporation, which is not wrongfully privileged by a territorial government, does have such wrongful powers. – Facebook, 17.1.13.

FREE BANKING: The most suitable issuers for clearing certificates, goods- and services warrants in monetary denominations are the local retailers of daily wanted consumer goods and services. They could and should grant short-term loans with them to local employers for their wage and salary payments and payments to their other suppliers. The associated shops could also pay their wholesalers with them to restock their shelves and the wholesalers could pay their debts to the producers with them, mediated usually by banks or other clearing centers. To the extent thus such privately or cooperatively issued exchange media and clearing certificates are accepted as means of payment, they would assure sales for the issuers. The goods and services themselves could thus become rightfully and effectively monetized to assure their turnover. The employers, getting loans in this form, must also declare that they would accept such means of payment for the payment of all debts that are due to them. – JZ, 3.8.07. – Will the basic principles and techniques of monetary freedom ever or soon become as well known as e.g. chess rules, poker rules, football rules and the rules of the game called “Monopoly” are? – Will they become as much understood as the issue and reflux of tickets are, issued for transport services or other wanted performances and deliveries e.g. of gas, water, electricity or petrol? - JZ, 19.10.07, 5.8.13. - MONETARY FREEDOM, MOST SUITABLE ISSUERS

FREE BANKING: The questions on money supply and inflation are usually wrongly put, especially by Mises followers: They should be 1.) Which kinds of monies lead to inflations when they are multiplied? 2.) Which kinds of money do not lead to inflation when they are multiplied? - The first ones are monopoly monies with legal tender power, issued by a territorial monopolist, regardless of how much he or the whole economy, which he supplies, produces in goods and services for (otherwise) free exchanges. Then any money “production” beyond the increases of goods and service production and consumption (by producers, including investors, insurance claimants etc., as opposite to the consumption of politicians, bureaucrats and hand-out recipients) leads, inevitably, to inflation. – It is issued independent of the requirements of production, trade and private contracts, by a wrongful and domineering as well as monopolistic third party, issuing “requisitioning certificates”. In the second case money cannot be increased beyond the consumer goods and consumer service supplies, these suppliers being the main issuers of such monies, under monetary freedom, because attempts to do so would lead to refusals to accept it or to discounts of it, while sound value reckoning for goods and services would go on and sound alternative monies would be preferred to the over-issued and discounted ones. [Imagine, as a thought example, cinemas, theatres and circuses or sports clubs issuing more tickets for their performances than they have seats and standing room. That would lead to the depreciation of the tickets and perhaps, some riots against such issuers.] - In the first kind of “money”, a forced and exclusive currency, the popular misunderstanding of Gresham’s Law is involved, namely that bad money would drive out good money. But it applies only to monopoly money with legal tender. Properly understood, it arrives at the conclusion that good money, i.e. money without a monopoly and legal tender power, drives out the bad money, and thus prevents inflation. Naturally, for that to occur, the issue monopoly and the legal tender power must either become repealed or generally ignored. Under present conditions of monetary despotism this means that a monetary revolution would have to take place. So far most people, including the Miseans, are still clinging to notions of exclusive rare metal currencies, are not yet mentally prepared for it, i.e. unprepared for full monetary freedom. They see and understand only their favorite money and value standard, the latter in one of its least economical and rightful versions. – JZ, 31.7.12, 3.9.12. – MONEY SUPPLY & INFLATION, GRESHAM’S LAW, INFLATION, MONEY CREATION, MONEY ISSUES, MONEY MULTIPLICATION, INCREASES IN THE MONEY SUPPLY & INFLATION, GOLD STANDARDS, GOLD VALUE CLEARING STANDARD, FREE CHOICE OF VALUE STANDARDS & EXCHANGE MEDIA OR CLEARING OPTIONS

FREE BANKING: The unemployed and job-seeking employees, anticipating their future jobs, could also greatly increase their chances to get them - by themselves issuing, preferably in combination with others in the same position, their own kind of clearing certificates - which they would have to readily accept in payment for their near future labors. In this form they could circulate a demand for their labor and thus assure their employment. - By also declaring that they would be prepared to accept in payment for their labors the shop foundation money based upon the ready-for-sale-goods and services in their neighborhood, they could also assure that they would find some kind of work, thus paid. – JZ, 3.8.07. – By insisting in being paid only in the exclusive and forced currency of a government they would, instead, assure that they are often and for long periods unemployed – because that kind of monopoly money is not always readily available to those who want and need it or any other kind of money, which is locally sufficiently accepted in payments. – JZ, 19.10.07, 5.8.13. - MONETARY FREEDOM, POTENTIAL ISSUERS, THE UNEMPLOYED

FREE BANKING: There can never be too many sound exchange media, sound value standards and sound clearing avenues – at least not in the opinion of their competing suppliers and voluntary users. That much is self-evident, at least to me. Why not to you? – JZ, 11.3.08.

FREE BANKING: There was no reason whatever to abandon the principle of free enterprise in the field of banking. - Ludwig von Mises, quoted by Nizam Ahmad – Facebook, 21.3.13.

FREE BANKING: To deprive mankind of their natural right and power of creating wealth for themselves is as great a tyranny as it is to rob them of it after they have created it. And this is done by all laws against honest banking.” – Lysander Spooner, A New Banking System, p.51. – Honest and free banking! Actually, his proposal that all wealth, including all capital assets, could and should be turned into currency, largely to purchase only the limited wealth with it, which consists in consumer goods and services ready for sale, was flawed to dishonest. Only the owners of such ready for sale goods and services have the right to offer them, in form of a shop currency. The "currency" of e.g. a share company is nothing but "scrip" to purchase some of its shares with. Under full freedom and competition, it would be soon generally refused in general local circulation, as being useless to most sovereign consumers. - JZ, 27.6.00, 5.8.13. - TAXATION & WEALTH CREATION

FREE BANKING: To provide for monetary exchanges is no more a sovereign right of governments than to provide handkerchiefs, paper tissues, nappies, tickets or toilet paper. – JZ, 11.3.73, 7.10.08. – Actually, goods- and service warrants, in monetary denominations, issued by the suppliers, are more like disposable nappies. Once they have fulfilled their function, they are destroyed, cancelled and dumped like scrap paper or used tickets. – JZ, 16.12.08.

FREE BANKING: Under a monopolized or exclusive and forced national currency either too much or not enough currency is put into a country or into the world market for currencies, inevitably causing inflations, deflations or stagflations. It has no sound value measure and inbuilt price mechanism that would limit it to the amount of currency needed and would achieve as much circulation as would be needed anywhere, in order to mediate at any time to the exchanges required or wanted there. An adequate and sound supply of exchange media and clearing certificates and clearing avenues can only be achieved under fully free competition in this sphere as well and that requires also sufficient publicity. At present not even the quantity of legal tender money put or forced into circulation is sufficiently publicized and due to its legal tender character it can neither get a discount (disagio) nor an agio against its value standard. – JZ, 11.8.03. - MONETARY FREEDOM, CENTRAL BANKING, MONETARY DESPOTISM

FREE BANKING: Under free banking everyone can turn his creative ability into cash, at least of the kind that can and would be supplied under fully free market conditions. - Naturally, the own notes of an individual or a small shop, accepted for the own goods and services, would not, in the absence of perfect clearing, be as acceptable to potential acceptors as are e.g. the notes of the nearest shopping center or supermarket. But even in this case, if only the individual has some wanted goods, services or labor to offer, his own notes might be relatively easily exchangeable for the notes of the local shopping center - and then stream back to him in payment for future jobs or sales. - JZ, 8.1.79. 27.6.00. – INDIVIDUAL NOTE ISSUERS, PERFECT CLEARING

FREE BANKING: Universalizing free clearing for all wanted and offered goods, services and labor and this, mainly, by the local associations of those, who are able, ready and willing to offer them for sale at market prices, expressed in the sound and freely chosen value standards, also used in all these exchange media, clearing certificates and clearing accounts. Such free market monies do not have to be rare metal weight units or redeemable in them but their issuers will always have to accept them at their nominal value. Discounted exchange media would be widely refused in local circulation and thus they would, mostly, not be issued in the first place. The few discounted exchange media would rapidly be presented to their issuers in payments due to them, and this at par with their nominal value. Debtors of the issuers would love to get their hands on such discounted monies and thus they would rapidly disappear out of the circulation. However, outside of their normal local circulation sphere they could easily get a “foreign exchange rate” discount, which would accelerate their return to their issuers. – Thus, as a rule, due to their competitive nature and free pricing, only as much of them would be put into circulation as are needed, just like tickets for other performances. – J.Z., 8. & 9.11.12. - MONETARY FREEDOM, FREEDOM TO CLEAR ONE’S DEBTS

FREE BANKING: We called it the Boarders’ Bank, but it simply became known as the Bank and was an immediate success. Interest was a ten per cent per week and loans were never extended beyond a fortnight. Which was long enough for any kid to write home for money if he got himself into a financial fix. In the four years we remained at school we didn’t incur a single bad debt. The funny thing was that not only the boarder but also the day-boys regarded the Bank as a valued institution. … The Bank also formed the basis for my pocket money; a source of great personal pride for me. – Bryce Courtnay, The Power of One, Mandarin, 1989, p.414/15. - MONEY LENDING, PERSONAL LOANS, BY TWO PUPILS AT A SCHOOL

FREE BANKING: We need to take away the government’s money power. The banking industry needs its welfare check ended. The dollars’ soundness depends on its being untied from the machine that can make an infinite number of copies of dollars and reduce their value to zero.” – Ron Paul, quoted on Facebook, 20.2.12. – VS. CENTRAL BANKING, MONETARY DESPOTISM, FORCED & EXCLUSIVE CURRENCIES, LEGAL TENDER POWER, MONEY MONOPOLY

FREE BANKING: Wendy Milling, Private Currency Competition Is The Monetary Answer - Forbes - Private Currency Competition Is The Monetary Answer - Forbes - - Let us focus our efforts on attaining complete monetary freedom: The denationalization of money in a free banking system. - Giancarlo Ibarguen – Facebook, 26.8.12. – Upon first quick perusal, she is one of the few voices of reason in this sphere, for full experimental freedom, rather than any new form of dogmatism. – I downloaded three pages and will read them more carefully later. -  JZ, 26.8.12.

FREE BANKING: What is free banking all about? The ending of all involuntary unemployment, of all inflations, deflations and imposed credit restrictions and this within hours or a few days at most.  The repeal or the ignoring of all government laws in this sphere would be required. Then a rapid economic development, a permanent boom economy, one without economic crises, could be expected. Naturally, some frauds would still occur. But all the governmental taxes, laws, regulations and controls and inspections did not prevent them but have rather driven more and more economic transactions into the black market or under-ground economy, where the normal and natural self-controls of publicity and a competing justice system do not operate and thus fraud was multiplied. The present financing of the Welfare- and Warfare State would be ended. The establishment of sound and competing social insurance systems would become possible and they could provide much better services, much cheaper. They could also issue their own kinds of insurance monies.  The ability of everybody to pay would become increased in accordance with everybody’s readiness to supply wanted work, goods and services at market prices. Even the housing shortage could then become rapidly ended, for long-term credit would be sufficient for it on a stable value basis. Assuming that all of the governmental and trade unionist building restrictions are also removed.  All wanted public services would then be competitively supplied in a market-like way, often also, like phone, railway and postal services, with the aid of separate money issues in their spheres. – Historically, there were, in some countries, for some periods, note issuing banks for as few as 2,000 to 20,000 people.  To the extent that local governments and their services would remain, they, too, could issue a local currency, accepted in payment of their rates or for any of their services. – On the other hand, the full development of clearing, using sound value standards, could largely lead to the disappearance of physical forms of money, being made superfluous. Then all exchanges of goods, services and labor would become settled via clearing.  Only clearing account credits or savings could then be invested on terms or in other capital certificates, always using self-chosen or contracted for value standards. – Turnovers would in no way remain restricted or interfered with by inflated forced currencies. -  The full productive and exchange potential of man could become utilized, including his capacity for innovations. – All presently remaining kinds of monetary and financial despotism, which has lasted for thousands of years and held us back, very much, would be ended. - JZ, 8.9.11. 25.2.12, 5.8.13.

FREE BANKING: Whoever wants to produce or exchange does not have to put up with the fact that not enough exchange media are within his reach. He is entitled to provide new exchange media if those who are exchanging with him are prepared to accept them. That is a very revolutionary principle, probably the most revolutionary of all which were so far formulated.” - Ulrich von Beckerath, in his papers, microfiched, PEACE PLANS, set I, page 1402.

FREE BANKING: Wholesalers do already largely issue their own kinds of IOUs in payment of their debts, formerly largely in form of bills of exchange, now largely in form of short term book-account or electronic account debts, for the goods they purchase for further distribution. Any good clearing system would return these certificates or clear their account debts with them against their due credits, for their deliveries to retailers. What has long been practice for wholesalers, even international ones, should simply be adapted for use by retailers, employers and employees. – JZ, 3.8.07, 19.10.07. - MONETARY FREEDOM, POTENTIAL ISSUERS: WHOLESALERS

FREE BANKING: With the issue of the own exchange media and the adoption of a value standard of one's own choice, one gets as far away as possible from the old slave mentality. Even armed resistance and individual secessionism do not require as much self-thinking and initiative. - JZ, 21.1.84. - MONETARY FREEDOM

FREE BANKING: Without sufficient sales of their produce or products or services even the greatest productive capital assets and the greatest stocks of wanted consumer goods or capacities for the supply of wanted consumer services, these supposedly rich suppliers, entrepreneurs, businessmen, capitalists, companies and corporations do suffer and may go bankrupt. Under a forced and monopolized currency even they, not only the masses of unemployed and under-employed and those of under-supplied consumers, are largely helpless. Once the turn-over credits are soundly managed by the providers of goods and services themselves (rather than by a third-party monopolist like a central bank), even by those, who have only their ability and willingness to work productively to sell, something that is wanted by others but which they are unable to pay for in the government’s monopoly money (usually inflated, deflated, stag-flated or credit-restricted or mal-invested in in counter-productive bailouts or subsidies), we will no longer have ever-recurring and prolonged crises, wrongly ascribed to free enterprise, free trade, free markets or capitalism, not to the wrongful laws and “measures” and “policies” which are causing them. Instead, there would then occur permanent and steady progress in all economic spheres, almost permanent “boom” conditions would be the rule, with no involuntary unemployment for dozens of millions of people, sales difficulties for wanted goods and services and involuntary and government-made poverty for all too many, who are able and willing to work productively in any part of the economy. That freedom for the supply of competing sound exchange media and clearing options must be accompanied by free choice for value standards as well and by a free capital market and free international trade, even if at first only among the pioneers of these liberties, volunteers who understand these rights and liberties and learned to apply them, even if, initially, they would still be confined to like-minded volunteers, or efficient networks, acting exclusively at their own expense and risk. Under that condition all free capital markets will tend to become stronger and more efficient, as well as much more honest and much better publicized than they are at present. – There should be no business secrets on the exchange media issued and returned and on the volume of exchanges paid via clearing and non-cash payments. Replacement of compulsory tributes, called taxes, by voluntary financing schemes, would greatly facilitate this peaceful and well-published monetary and financial revolution, rather than it being driven underground and into all too restricted black markets with insufficient publicity for its actions, too much fraud and violence, like e.g. in the sphere of prohibited drugs. - It could begin and spread even from a small village, if such a small experiment is not rapidly and legally suppressed and if it is sufficiently publicized. The alternative exchange media, clearing certificates or clearing accounts must also be suitable for local wage and salary payments and have sufficient shop foundation for wanted consumer goods and services. That would be assured if the suppliers or wanted goods and services and their own local associations, are the main issuers of these turnover credit exchange medias and accounts and if they would be quite free to conduct their own local, regional, national and international clearing arrangements without interference by any territorial government. It is not capital that is primarily needed but easy sales options for the products and services provided by productively people and productively used capital. Producers, wholesalers and retailers have much more in goods and sales potential to offer than they can sell for the present monopoly money. They are not free to rightfully and efficiently monetized or clear this potential, quite honestly and publicly. With that monetary freedom would also come a rapid growth of savings, i.e. capital and its productive investment, as a secondary effect. Without legal tender and the issue monopoly, including the clearing monopoly via government licenced banks and financial institutions, inflations, deflations and stagflations cannot occur, even while, in natural progress, some enterprises gradually shrink, while others expand or multiply and many new ones appear. – If you can say this better and shorter – please, do so and send me a copy. – JZ, 1.10.12. - SHORT-TERM TUN-OVER CREDITS IN PRIVATE & COMPETING CURRENCIES, CLEARING CERTIFICATES OR CREDIT ACCOUNTS, MEDIUM & LONG TERM CAPITAL BETTER USED & INCREASED. UNEMPLOYMENT, DEFLATION, CRISES, STAGNATION, SALES DIFFICULTIES, INFLATION, POVERTY, CENTRAL BANKING, ABOLITION OF THE FED, MONETARY & CLEARING FREEDOM, CAPITAL SHORTAGE? FREE MARKET MONEY & CURRENCIES

FREE CHOICE: Allowing individuals to make as many choices as possible for themselves is not an argument for greed or materialism. For all I care, everyone can spend their days meditating or tending their gardens. I do not care if the GDP shrinks. What matters is that the pattern of activity reflects people’s free choices.” - Michael Prowse, Paternalist Government Is Out Of Date, in: David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. (Claiming copyrights even to the writings of Paine, Madison, Tocqueville, Mill, etc.! – JZ), p.391. – The free choice for individuals should be extended to the free choice of communities, societies, States or governments that they want to belong to, provided only that all of these make no longer any territorial monopoly claims, by which the choices of their very neighbors might be suppressed. – JZ, 4.10.07. – VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESIONISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

FREE CHOICE: In New Orleans a bank robber pointed out the bag of cash he wanted, and got $ 50 in pennies. - SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 1/79.

FREE CITIES AS AN IDEAL? Why ItWorks | Free Cities Institute - - City governments, too, are territorial institutions, much too large & powerful to be truly rightful & representative for their populations. - Why should freedom be confined to whole cities? City governments can be and have been rather despotic as well. They are still territorial governments and do not recognize individual and minority group secessionism and exterritorial autonomy, which could be extended, for their volunteers, to a whole country or even world-wide. Are the public service of ANY city in the world really quite satisfactory? – JZ, Facebook, 3.10.11, revised: 6.8.13.

FREE CITIES: Why It Works | Free Cities Institute - - Their remaining territorialism acts against full minority autonomy for volunteers: Mark Frazier went further than Jow Brewer did, by demanding that even minorities should be free to do their own things. That also implies voluntary membership and choice between competing societies and communities for sovereign individuals and the right of individuals to secede, i.e. panarchism, polyarchism, multi-government etc., not merely majority despotism in territorial governments. Such examples would tend to spread over the world, quite peacefully, and would tend to keep the peace. – JZ, 30.9.11, on Facebook. – There are many outvoted minorities in every large city! – JZ, 9.10.12.

FREE CIVILIZATION: No more compulsion, … Let's have the world's first genuinely free civilization.” - Poul Anderson, The Best of Poul Anderson, End of sect. 3, the story: Fatal Fulfillment, p.159.

FREE COINAGE: Free coinage: Free private coinage does not mean merely that all should be free to supply rare metals coins in suitable forms but also freedom to "coin", "note", "certify" or "issue" the own labor, services and goods in money-like certificates or clearing accounts which others find acceptable - because they can and want to use them to buy with them the labor, services and goods so offered. These offers have to be, usually, in a sufficient assortment to make these means of payment or clearing attractive enough to be at least locally widely accepted. - JZ 31.12.82, 21.11.10, 6.8.13. – MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING, FREE PRIVATE COINAGE, TOKEN MONEY, GOLD COINS, PAPER MONIES AS GOOD AS GOLD ALTHOUGH NOT CONVERTIBLE INTO GOLD BY THEIR ISSUERS.

FREE COUNTRIES: Armed sky-jacker to captain: "Take me to a FREE country."- Captain to sky-jacker: "This is a Jumbo Jet, mate, not a f…ing Space Ship!"- Cartoon in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 3/78, reproduced from BLACK FLAG.

FREE COUNTRIES: In a free country there is much complaining but little suffering; under despotism, much suffering but little complaining.” - Author unknown. - To call any country a "free country" is misleading. Freedom refers to people not to geographical areas. The people of no country have ever been quite free to enjoy all the individual liberties and rights so far discovered. They were always only partly free. To prevent their complacency, we should always stress that fact. - Furthermore, one should distinguish between public complaints and VERY softly spoken or only THOUGHT complaints. If these are included then one will find relatively few complaints in relatively free countries and relatively many complaints in relatively unfree countries.  - JZ, 12.6.00. – Even the so far most free countries are not yet free of unemployment, inflation, involuntary unemployment and poverty – because the people living there, all its peaceful individuals, are not yet free enough in their exchanges and not even in their productive activities. – JZ, 13.3.13, 6.8.13. - DESPOTISM

FREE COUNTRIES: It is not enough to be free to verbally denounce a government. One must become free to actively renounce all its services and disservices for oneself - and to contract alternatives - if and to the extent that one wants them. No country is a free country until this liberty of "choice of governments" and of "personal law" systems and institutions or "consumer sovereignty" (in all spheres) or individual sovereignty, or complete self-ownership is established for all its non-criminal citizens. – This implies full freedom of association and disassociation, of contract, of exchange and enterprise and experimentation, always at the own risk and expense only. - JZ, 18.12.93, 6.8.13. – PANARCHISM, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, EXTERRITORIAL MINORITY AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PROTESTS, SPEAKING UP, STANDING UP, SHOUTING, DEMONSTRATING, MARCHING

FREE COUNTRIES: Judy Morris quoted Ayn Rand on this: ‎"Statism needs war; a free country does not. Statism survives by looting; a free country survives by producing." - Ayn Rand - Brad Spangler: It's a pity that she never figured out that a "free country" is stateless. – Facebook, 15.2.12. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, ANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, WARFARE STATES

FREE COUNTRIES: The most certain test by which we judge whether a country is really free is the amount of security enjoyed by minorities.” - Lord Action, The History of Freedom in Antiquity, 1877. – Quoted in George Seldes The Great Quotations. – They should not only have the degree of freedom and security that the majority is content with but full exterritorial autonomy over their own affairs, if that is their desire. – Anyhow, the country needs no freedom. Only its various peoples do. - JZ, 21.11.10. – MINORITIES, INDIVIDUALISM

FREE COUNTRIES: This is a free country.” - English saying, not recorded before the 19th century. – Nor ever uttered, quite truthfully, since then. - JZ, 12.7.86, 21.11.10, 13.3.13.

FREE COUNTRIES: Very few Europeans have ever known what liberty is. All the others take it for granted that Authority controls individuals. When they say, "a free country," they mean a country not conquered by foreigners; in that sense, Germany is a free country at this writing.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.148. – The diverse peoples and individuals in Germany were never quite free, either. All are more or less conquered or misruled by territorial Governments. – JZ, 6.8.13. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM,

FREE COUNTRIES: Wade through slaughter to a throne, / And shut the gates of mercy on mankind." - I have another and a far brighter vision before my gaze. It may be but a vision, but I will cherish it. I see one vast confederation stretching from the frozen North in unbroken line to the glowing South, and from the wild billows of the Atlantic westward to the calmer water of the Pacific main - and I see one people and one language, and one law, and one faith, and, over all that wide continent, the home of freedom, and a refuge for the oppressed of every race and every clime.” - John Bright, 1863. - Why only one law and one faith for all? These are not exactly descriptions of free choice for all! - JZ, 27.6.00. – Even great minds like his fell for the territorial unity spleen as if free market relationships were impossible without them. – Asylum, free migration and free trade are not enough! - JZ, 16.12.08. – REFUGE, ASYLUM, NEW COUNTRY, AMERICANISM, FREE TRADE, FREE MIGRATION, CONFEDERATION, TERRITORIALISM? ONE LAW FOR ALL? ONE FEDERATION FOR ALL? ONE LANGUAGE FOR ALL? VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, FULL FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, OF ASSOCIATION, OF EXPERIMENTATION FOR ALL, IN ALL SPHERES, UNDER PERSONAL LAW OR EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY!

FREE ECONOMY: a free economy should be viewed not only as precious in itself, but also as the most promising means by which the standards of living of all members of society can be raised.” - D. R. Francis, THE FREEMAN, 10/75.

FREE ECONOMY: A major source of objection to a free economy is precisely that it gives people what they want instead of what a particular group thinks they ought to want" - Milton Friedman. – Quoted by Nizam Ahmad - - Zahiruddin Alim Because the free economy distributes according to wealth, and Friedman did not want any challenges to what people with big bucks want to do. - Nizam Ahmad Mega bucks are always made by producing that cost the least for the thinnest wallet in the market. - John Zube N. A.: Mega bucks .... made by producing what costs the least ... ? - Zahiruddin Alim Fairy tale: Rich make money in any way possible. - Nizam Ahmad only if they are backed by gov/statist ideologies that make their manipulative corrupt process legal. - John Zube Z. A.: Do e.g. the relatively few wealthy people eat all the food and become fat cats or do all too many of the 99% become obese as well? Do the rich consume the masses of consumer products and services produced by the masses? Do only they have cars and fly on planes? Is there a shortage of clothing for the masses? Then why are the charity shops full of very cheap second-hand and quality clothing, which had been donated? When there are no legalized privileges then wealth is earned and amounts to the results of pre-done labor or services. – Facebook 5.11.12. - Philippe Rouchy shared Lawrence Reed's photo. – Facebook, 4.11.12 brought the same quote. - John Zube:  Not only do the advocates of a fully free economy have the right to it, at least among themselves, but so do the advocates of any other and, as such, more or less un-free and inefficient economy have a right to live under their system, at their expense and risk. Moreover, consumer sovereignty, free enterprise, freedom of association, freedom of contract and freedom to experiment should also be extended to the volunteers all political and social systems, just as it was once extended to all religious groups - which left outsiders alone. None of them should be granted any territorial monopoly any longer. - FREE MARKET, LAISSEZ FAIRE, CAPITALISM, ENTERPRISE, FREE EXCHANGE, FREEDOM FOR POLITICAL & SOCIAL SYSTEMS, ALL ONLY FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS & EXTERRITORIALLY

FREE ECONOMY: A sufficient argument for a free economy need be made only in terms of its superiority to other conceivable social systems.” - Richard B. McKenzie, Bound to Be Free, Hoover Institute Press, 1982, p.11. – However, communities of volunteers should be free to select for themselves other systems, as long as they do believe in them. – Then all the supporters of the various systems will get their chance and will no longer have to fight in attempts to subdue each other in order to enjoy their own system among themselves, as far as they can, at their own risk and expense. - JZ, 6.10.07, 6.8.13. - SOCIAL SYSTEMS

FREE ECONOMY: Adam Smith … He carefully documented the evidence that the best economy is the free economy, allowing people to find their most suitable niche in a system of specialized production, and free trade and unrestricted movement of money and goods between cities, states, nations and continents.” - WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, Summer 1973, p.31. – However, individuals and minorities should also be free to choose any degree of un-freedom or statism for their own affairs – as long as they wish to put up with it. – JZ, 6.8.13.

FREE ECONOMY: Frankly, I believe it's time to put more freedom back into our free economy.” - Edgar B. Speer, THE FREEMAN, 3/74.

FREE ECONOMY: I have said that a free economy in the West will tear down the Iron Curtain. The prosperity created would be too much for any political barrier to withstand, and there are in fact many signs that the Russian system is getting shaky both at home and in the satellite countries.” - Anthony Fisher, The Case for Freedom, p.74. - If only the "free economy" would have been quite free then the collapse of the communist empire would have come much earlier and would have been much more complete. - JZ, 27.6.00. – Under its monetary despotism our “free” economy cannot even cope with mass unemployment and inflation although a really free economy could do away with them within hours to days. – JZ, 16.12.08. TOTALITARIANISM

FREE ECONOMY: If men are free to pursue their individual economic aims, motivated by grim economic necessity, and if they are unmolested by any agency of coercion, the greatest good for the greatest number will emerge.” - Robert LeFevre, Autarchy, RAMPART JOURNAL, Summer 66. - LAISSEZ FAIRE

FREE ECONOMY: Indeed, a major source of objection to a free economy is precisely that it does this task so well. It gives people what they want instead of what a particular group thinks they ought to want. Underlying most arguments against the free market is a lack of belief in freedom itself.” - Milton Friedman, Capitalism & Freedom, p.15. - PLANNING, CONSUMERS, FREE MARKET, FREEDOM, KNOWLEDGE OF & FAITH IN FREEDOM

FREE ECONOMY: It was one of Karl Marx's hopes and beliefs that free economy was unstable and must crash and this belief is prevalent today. - The facts are that free economies are stable and controlled ones unstable. The trouble has always been that someone tries to interfere politically. There will always be ups and downs, but they will be mild in a free market provided that no-one tries to alter something artificially. Political alterations of the bank rate, and a fixed price for gold usually are too great a temptation for politicians and they put these things into effect, quite unaware of the harm they do. There is every reason to believe that the 1930 depression had its origin in this form of tampering.” - Anthony Fisher, The Case for Freedom, p.77. - We never had a quite free economy as yet, with e.g. full monetary and financial freedom known, appreciated and practised! - JZ, 27.6.00. - STABILITY, CRISES, TAMPERINGS, INTERVENTIONISM, MEDDLING, PLANNING

FREE ECONOMY: Let the economy escape from the economists. - Free after the TIME 3/9/73 heading: "The economy escapes from the economists." - JZ - ECONOMISTS

FREE ECONOMY: No regimented economy can hope to compete in dynamic drive with an economy which possesses nearly ten million independent centers of initiative.” - The Free Man's Almanac. - Free enterprise & initiative, free markets & free exchange in every sphere, among volunteers & even if these are still so foolish or underinformed that they remained statists. All they would have to give up is their territorial monopoly claims. – JZ, 6.8.13.

FREE ECONOMY: Opt for a free rather than a regulated economy …” - Edward Y. Breese, THE FREEMAN, 9/73.

FREE ECONOMY: The freer a nation's economy the more prosperous are its citizens.” - Edmund E. Opitz, THE FREEMAN, 7/73, p.401. – I do not believe in “nations” and “national economies” and would rather speak of a population’s economy or of freedom for those parts of a population, which like to practise many or all economic liberties among themselves. – JZ, 6.8.13. - PROSPERITY

FREE ECONOMY: The greatest virtue of a free economy… was that the forces, which naturally operated within it, led people to tend to the perceived wants of others as a means of furthering their own wellbeing; efficient service to others becomes a technique for advancing one's own prosperity. In short, it was seen as making a large sub-class of other-regarding actions pay, …” – Prof. L. Chipman, QUADRANT 4/76.

FREE ECONOMY: This is not a free economy but a free-for-all for monopolies and privileges only. - JZ, 10/76. – Rather, one of all too many wrongfully legalized monopolies and privileges. – JZ, 13.3.13. – All liberties and rights for those, who wish to practise them among themselves and all restrictions of them only for those, who are foolish enough to adopt and continue them among themselves. In this way all will learn most form their own experiences and also of those of others. – JZ, 6.8.13. - LAISSEZ FAIRE OR FREE MARKETS INSTEAD OF MIXED ECONOMY OR WELFARE STATE

FREE EDUCATION: In this society, Paulo Freire is a threat and so is the free education of our children and ourselves.” - Everett Reimer, School is Dead, p.93. – Freedom in education rather than “free” and compulsory education. – Do the results of territorial statism deserve the term “society”? - JZ, 16.12.08. – EDUCATION, SCHOOLS

FREE ELECTIONS: Free elections" is also a contradiction in terms - because at most the majority gets its choice. - JZ, 17.4.77. (And some powerful pressure groups get their choices. – JZ, 6.8.13.) That is the rule under territorialism. Under exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, each such community can be as free or un-free as it wants to be, with any kind of voting or other system that it prefers. – JZ, 13.3.13. - VOTING, MAJORITIES, DEMOCRACY

FREE ELECTIONS: In the American political system, you're only allowed to have real ideas if it's absolutely guaranteed that you can't win an election.” - P. J. O'Rourke, in Parliament of Whores. – Territorial and majoritarian voting disfranchises individuals and minorities all too effectively regarding their own affairs while giving them a tiny and wrongful voting power on the affairs of all others. – Only individualized, i.e., panarchistic choices do deserve the term “free elections” or free voting. - JZ, 16.12.08, 6.8.13. - POLITICS, PARTIES, POLITICIANS, CANDIDATES, IDEAS & PRINCIPLES, VOTING, PANARCHISM, CONSENT, DISSENT, VOTING, ELECTIONS, PARTY SYSTEM, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITY DESPOTISM, REPRESENTATION?

FREE EMIGRATION: The freedom to emigrate, which only a small number of people would in fact use, is an essential condition of spiritual freedom. A free country cannot resemble a cage, even if it is gilded. …” - Andrei D. Sakharov, Religion in Communist Dominated Areas, USA, No.7/9, 1976. - No country is free, either, without a competitive and individualized internal exterritorial autonomy option for all its population. - JZ, 21.4.89. - When only a fraction of all individual rights are so far recognized and realized then that country or, rather, its population, isn't genuinely free, either. - JZ, 26.6.00, 13.3.13, 6.8.13. – Immigration restrictions are almost as wrongful and harmful as emigration restrictions. – JZ, 16.12.08, 13.3.13. - FREE COUNTRY, FREE IMMIGRATION, FRONTIERS, TERRITORIALISM & PANARCHISM, MINORITY AUTONOMY

FREE ENTERPRISE: A pure example of free enterprise is as rare as the whooping crane. Moonshiners, maybe. Even prostitution is a regulated monopoly in Nevada. The doctors absolutely control entry into the practice of medicine and then complain about the shortage of doctors.” – Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.84. – COMPULSORY LICENSING

FREE ENTERPRISE: Almost everybody, including most politicians, still give lip service to "free enterprise," but the plain fact is that American business is seriously hobbled by an ever-expanding network of restrictions, regulations, and interferences, especially at the Federal level, and the mechanism of the market, indispensable to a free economy, is limping badly and no longer giving effective guidance in the utilization of resources.” - W. A. Paton, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. - THE MARKET, HOBBLED BY GOVERNMENTS

FREE ENTERPRISE: Almost no enterprise is strong enough to bear all the burdens government imposes upon it and remain, nevertheless, quite healthy and competitive. - JZ, 12.10.85, 24.6.00.

FREE ENTERPRISE: An enterprise system is a system of voluntary contracts.” - Stigler, The Intellectual and the Market Place, p.87. – Alas, the employer-employee relationship confines free enterprise incentives largely only to owners and managers, instead of extending them to everyone in an enterprise. It constitutes one of the least efficient ways of coordinating the factors of production, it even constitutes, like Hyacinthe Dubreuil demonstrated in his books, a kind of “organized antagonism” with contrary interests. – JZ, 16.12.08, 6.8.13. – SELF-MANAGEMENT SCHEMES, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION, CAPITALISM OF THE MANY VS. CAPITALISM OF THE FEW, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, VOLUNTARISM & FREEDOM OF CONTRACT

FREE ENTERPRISE: Anything where the government has got you by the balls … isn't free enterprise any more. - Lord Thomson of Fleet, THE BULLETIN, 24.8.74. – TAXATION, REGULATIONS, LABOR LAWS

FREE ENTERPRISE: As to free enterprise: that is part of the very crux of the discussion. How free is it? To what extent are conservatives defending , theoretically, something which has ceased to exist anywhere except in their own publications? To what extent does the conservative defense of what is a far-from-free enterprise system actually retard, far from advance, any possibility of moving toward an actually free system?” - Karl Hess, The Lawless State, p.19. – No taxed and regulated enterprise is still a free enterprise. – JZ, 6.8.13. - PRIVATE ENTERPRISE, EMPLOYERS, CAPITALISM, COMPETITION, PROFIT, BUSINESSMEN, SELF-MANAGEMENT

FREE ENTERPRISE: At any rate the real purpose of free enterprise is not to benefit business. The purpose of free enterprise is to make sure that the businessman works for the public at large rather than being supported by the public through the political mechanism. The purpose of free enterprise is for the ordinary man, for the common man. It is in order to have a system in which power is controlled by competition from other powers.” - Milton Friedman in Australia 1975, p.78. - PROTECTIONISM & BUSINESSMEN

FREE ENTERPRISE: Businessmen are not defenders of free enterprise, make no mistake about that. I do not want free enterprise because I believe business ought to prosper and have profits. On the contrary, every businessman is always in favor of free enterprise for everybody else, but he wants a tariff for himself, he wants a special tax concession, he wants government to hold up the prices at which he sells something and to hold down the wage he has to pay. I do not blame him. We all want other people to do good things for us. I am not blaming him. I am blaming the rest of us for being such suckers as to let him get away with it. But the true virtue of free enterprise, in the sense of the absence of governmental intervention, is that it means that the only way a businessman can make money is by serving his customer. He has to work for us. If we once give him a chance to get the government to move over to his side, his need to serve his customer is reduced. I do not care whether the label on the government is Liberal, Country, Labor, Conservative, Democratic or Republican; it does not matter.” - Milton Friedman in Australia 1975, p.27. – Underlining by me. – JZ. - BUSINESSMEN, MONOPOLIES, SUBSIDIES, PRIVILEGES VS. COMPETITION

FREE ENTERPRISE: Capitalist enterprise is often under attack by those who think of ‘capitalism’ as wicked aggregations of rich men intent on plunder, rather than as a convenient economic vehicle through which many investors can pool their savings for both personal and societal advantage.” - Ralph Bradford, THE FREEMAN, May 1975.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Choose free entry and competition: freedom!” - Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, IX. – But also let the statists choose any degree of restrictionism – for themselves! – COMPETITION, PANARCHISM ALSO FOR STATISTS

FREE ENTERPRISE: Cobden had a moral view of society and believed that free enterprise would not only bring prosperity but social harmony at home and peace abroad within a system of universal free trade.” – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, Right Turn, p.7. - Free trade and free enterprise do not have to be introduced universally, nationally and internationally. It will spread naturally as soon as their advocates are free to apply them among themselves, quite undisturbed. - JZ, 15.6.00. - PROSPERITY, MORALITY, HARMONY, PEACE & FREE TRADE

FREE ENTERPRISE: Enterprise means a bold, arduous or dangerous undertaking. "Free Enterprise", then, connotes more than business activity unhampered by government. It implies the right to undertake bold, arduous or dangerous projects, any projects, only at one's own peril, at one's own expense.” - Bob Cowin, FREE ENTERPRISE, 3/76. - VS. MONOPOLIES

FREE ENTERPRISE: entire freedom for all honest industry, and all honest traffic.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, Works I, p.15.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Examine the position of every person you know who classifies himself as a free enterpriser. In nearly every case the "free enterpriser" will endorse at least one item of interventionism.” - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.77. - FREE COMPETITION, NATIONALLY & INTERNATIONALLY, NO EXCEPTIONS FOR ALL CREATIVE ACTIVITIES, STATISM, INTERVENTIONISM, TERRITORIALISM

FREE ENTERPRISE: For its part, the Right makes the opposite mistake (but again only in theory). It believes that if a person has freedom of enterprise then that person is free, and that this remains the case if at the same time his or her private personal behavior is regulated.” - John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.11.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free Enterprise Builds Jobs.” - YAF bumper sticker. - Especially free enterprise in the business of note-issuing banking! - JZ, 21.11.82. – FREE BANKING, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, VOLUNTARY COMMUNITIES UNDER PERSONAL LAW

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise does not mean that others ought to be enterprising for your benefit - they often won't - but, much more important, that you are quite free to be enterprising for your own benefit - by benefiting others in many different and new ways. Free enterprise isn't really free yet. It runs daily into legal, bureaucratic, protectionist, tax and credit difficulties that make it much less productive than it could be. - JZ, 23.12.79 & 15.6.00. - PROFITS & RESTRICTIONS


FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise in roads, police, courts, defence, prison services, social security, disarmament, international negotiations and treaties, etc. - JZ, 74.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise is free or it isn't.” - John Curvers, FREE ENTERPRISE, 4/76. – Mostly it isn’t. – JZ, 16.12.08.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise is good only when, where and to the extent that there are enterprising people.” - JZ, 6/76. - But it liberates all there are - and makes them come out of the woodwork. - JZ, 31.7.78. - ENTERPRISING PEOPLE, ENTREPRENEURS, BUSINESSMEN

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise is the greatest economic system ever put to work, but it is not perfect. It is, however, a great deal better than whatever system is in second place.” - Charles Heath, The Golden Egg, p.41.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise is the name given to an economic system that developed naturally out of the freedom of individuals to decide for themselves how to use their time and resources.” - Earl Zarbin, THE FREEMAN, 6/73.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise means free people.” - Source?

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise means freedom to take one's own risk.” - Bob Cowin, 3.12.75.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise works simply because it isn't a humanly-devised system or a prejudged masterwork for progress. Although we speak of free enterprise as being a "system", we should understand that the "free enterprise system" was not discovered, or invented, or planned. Free enterprise is not organized and mapped out. Rather, it is the natural reflection of people laboring freely and reaping the blessings of their labors. Free enterprise is the consequence, the spontaneity, and evidence of free men as they go about in competition, personal responsibility and voluntary association with their fellow man. Who knows what will transpire when millions of free individuals are permitted to pool their respective resources, ambitions, and wisdom voluntarily?” - Charles Heath, The Golden Egg, p.53.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free Enterprise Works.” - Bumper sticker, reported by Rene Baxter. - FREEDOM TODAY, mentioned in the 10/75 issue. - Also expressed by Anthony Lejeune, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.65. – It is surprising that so many are still working productively under so many wrongful but legalized restrictions, controls and imposed burdens. – JZ, 13.3.13, 6.8.13.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Free enterprise, by definition, is an economy in which there are no government restrictions on voluntary action. That means the government only prevents robbery, fraud and other forms of the initiation of force, fraud and coercion. It does not regulate, control, encourage, or protect anyone, or any industry, and it does not compete in any industry.” - Robert Howard, FREE ENTERPRISE, June 75. – As a territorial monopolist any government remains the largest criminal, war monger, robber, aggressor and wrongful interventionist in any country and the least effective protector of individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 6.8.13. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, AUTHORITARIANISM

FREE ENTERPRISE: Freedom of private business to organize and operate for profit in a competitive system without interference by government.” - Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary - leaving out the conditions added.

FREE ENTERPRISE: How free or un-free is free enterprise now? - JZ, free after a remark by Karl Hess, in The Lawless State.

FREE ENTERPRISE: I am an unrepentant believer in private enterprise. I have failed to discover, in a long and diligent search, any material benefit which has ever reached mankind except through the agency of individual enterprise. I therefore regard the whole movement for creating wealth by political agencies as a snare and a delusion.” - Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, p.20. - VS. WELFARE STATE

FREE ENTERPRISE: I don't see any reason why the government ought to be in a business which private industry is willing and able to take care of.” - Postmaster General Frank Bailer, WALL STREET JOURNAL, 5.10.77. – But did he resign? – JZ, 21.11.10. - MONOPOLIES, PUBLIC SERVICES, POST OFFICE

FREE ENTERPRISE: If the enterprisers lose, the state does not compensate them; if they win, it strips them.” - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, Feb. 1977, 11. - In some cases it actually does subsidize their losses and keeps them in business, although the free market says that they should disappear, because they are too inefficient, compared with others. - JZ, 15.6.00.

FREE ENTERPRISE: If, for instance, those who prate about "free enterprise" were willing to risk bankruptcy for it, even as the men of the Declaration risked their necks for independence, the present drive for the collectivization of capital would not have such easy going. …” - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax, Root of All Evil, p.127/128. - That already implies that only losses are to be anticipated in such a struggle, not victories, successes and much greater profits. A complete and consistent economic freedom program, advanced and practised by all or a large number of all entrepreneurs, in combination with the more sensible ones among their employees, and with retailers and their associations, could make their struggle successful and profitable, fast. But mere dickering about new legislation, taxes and regulations will never sufficiently liberate them. - JZ, 14.6.00.

FREE ENTERPRISE: In that economic system, the means of financing, designing, producing, exchanging, delivering, and servicing products are always subject to change, with the character of any change depending solely upon the ingenuity of the owners of the means of production.” - Earl Zarbin, THE FREEMAN, 6/73. - Not only of the owners, but also of the financiers, contractors, managers, employees, suppliers, customers and final consumers. - JZ, 11/73. - CHANGE

FREE ENTERPRISE: In the jargon of contemporary economics, unconstrained government induces entrepreneurs to become “rent seekers” through government. This is not a new argument; it was articulated by Adam Smith and others before him.” - Richard B. McKenzie, Bound to Be Free, Hoover Institute Press, 1982, p.9. – Where via compulsory taxes a great public trough is provided, the pig-people will stream towards it as the easiest feeding option. – JZ, 6.10.07. - FREE ENTERPRISE? BUSINESSMEN? PROFIT? UNDER GOVERNMENTALISM?

FREE ENTERPRISE: It is a wonder not more businessmen go bankrupt, seeing the red tape they become entangled in, the tax burdens imposed upon them, the ever increasing burden of legalized labor privileges and the consequences of monetary despotism. We, as voters, politicians and bureaucrats, have chained rather than freed enterprise. - JZ, 27.7.93 & 22.6.00, 6.8.13. - BUSINESS FAILURES & BANKRUPTCIES

FREE ENTERPRISE: It is not that the free enterprise society is valued because it is the one in which individuals are most likely to prosper; rather it is because it is the one in which they are most likely to prosper by attending to the evident wants of others.” - L. Chipman, QUADRANT,4/76. – Instead of making such efforts free and easy, territorial governments make them often all too hard and expensive. - PROSPERITY, SELFISHNESS, MUTUALITY, PROFIT, COMPULSORY LICENSING, TAXATION, REGULATIONS, LABOR LAWS, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, CORPORATIONS RATHER THAN GOVERNMENTS SEEN AS ENEMIES

FREE ENTERPRISE: It should also be a cause for concern that control of the educational apparatus eventually can mean control of the minds of the children. It should be cause for concern that, for instance, free enterprise is no longer mentioned in economics faculties in our universities - that most academics are socialist to one degree or another - and that the teachers union are (JZ: is?) militantly left-wing.” - Robert A. Howard, FREE ENTERPRISE, 4/75. - Whenever I hear about a teacher's strike I hope that they will do so permanently, but fear that they won't. - JZ, 13.6.00. - UNIVERSITIES, SCHOOLS, TEACHERS, ACADEMICS, EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, STATE SOCIALISM

FREE ENTERPRISE: Joseph Schumpeter's Unternehmergeist – (Spirit of Enterprise) - Have they been enterprising enough to lead us towards e.g. monetary freedom, panarchism, individual secessionism, free trade and free migration? – JZ, 7.5.11. – Q.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Let free enterprise and consumer sovereignty replace all political powers and privileges. - JZ, 2.2.76. - PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUALISM, POWER, PRIVILEGES, THE STATE & CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY

FREE ENTERPRISE: Like our contemporaries, they were totally unaware of any relationship between the fact that hardly any organized force stood against honest enterprise and the ensuing miracle.” - Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p.92. – Aren’t taxation and thousands of other interventionist laws and xyz bureaucracies, all based upon them, all too well organized still? It is the counter-forces, the ones intending to uphold genuine individual rights and liberties, which are insufficiently organized and informed, e.g. not yet motivated by an as complete declaration of all such rights and liberties as could and should be compiled and published now, especially by anarchists and libertarians. – Economic “miracles” are not impossible but merely outlawed and suppressed, largely, among many other things, by the monetary despotism of central banking, i.e. by the wrongful interventionism that is inherent in all territorial States. - JZ, 16.12.08, 13.3.13, 6.8.13. - ORGANIZED FORCE, OPPRESSIVE OR LIBERATING, TERRITORIALISM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING, INTERVENTIONISM

FREE ENTERPRISE: Most "businessmen believe in private enterprise but not in free enterprise." - Robert Carnaghan, FREEDOM REVIEW, Feb. 1966. - Pirates and other robbers do also believe in their own “private enterprise”. - JZ, 14.6.00, 6.8.13. - When it is not free then it is not really private! - JZ, 12/72.

FREE ENTERPRISE: No doubt, free enterprise is a harsh system; it demands real men. But socialism, which appeals to envious people craving for security and afraid to decide for themselves, impair human dignity and crushes man utterly.” - Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddhin, THE FREEMAN, 11/72. - VS. SOCIALISM, STATE SOCIALISM

FREE ENTERPRISE: Nothing less than full autonomy, including full exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities, will be quite satisfactory to all but criminals and other aggressors. - JZ, 12.2.88. - And nothing less deserves the name of a fully free enterprise system. It would not exempt any production and service activity from free competition - except the dis-services of theft, fraud and coercion. But under exterritorial autonomy or personal law for volunteers there would be competitive free enterprise for their prevention, suppression, punishment, rehabilitation or even abolition of all crimes with victims and other aggressions and aggressors. - JZ, 24.6.00, 6.8.13. – CRIME, AGGRESSION, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, PROTECTION, PUNISHMENT, REHABILITATION, INDEMNIFICATION, LIBERATION, PEACES, WAR, HARMONY, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

FREE ENTERPRISE: Often “free” enterprises are so restricted by governments that none almost none but government jobs or governmentally regulated jobs are still available to job-seekers. In these situations the “employers” are certainly no longer free enough to act as employers for all who want to be employed by them. – By law, all too many activities are excluded for free enterprises and confined to those of politicians and their bureaucracies, e.g. policing, postal services, defence, free banking. - JZ, 13.3.13, 6.8.13. - UNEMPLOYMENT

FREE ENTERPRISE: our ‘free enterprise’ system that really represents every man's right to claw one's way as high as he can go.” - Piers Anthony, Viscous Circle, p.184. - Are men in business to “claw” or otherwise harm their customers or to serve them? And aren't those most successful who serve the largest number of customers best and those least successful who do not serve many customers well enough? - JZ, 22.6.00. - CLAWING OR SERVING CUSTOMERS? COMPETITION, SUCCESS IN BUSINESS - Q.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Private enterprise is ceasing (*) to be free enterprise.” - F. D. Roosevelt. - (*) Rather, it is legislated, regulated, taxed, licenced and sentenced out of existence. - JZ, 9.6.92. - Under monetary despotism it never was free enterprise, for without freedom of exchange there can be no free enterprise. - It was only because there were many millions of other ignoramuses and prejudiced people like him that he could stay in power for so long. - And, as Hayek said, the worst tend to rise to the top. That is true at least within the sphere of territorial politics. - JZ, 22.6.00. – Instance: Government and union meddling with the car industry have let to the situation that the biggest US car manufacturers are presently asking for a huge government subsidy. Without all the imposed restrictions, regulations, union privileges and taxes they would not need it. – JZ, 22.12.08. Did e.g. Henry Ford ever ask for a government subsidy? – JZ, 6.8.13.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Proposed alternatives to private enterprise all add up to a super-state which will sterilize the natural incentive impulse of human beings with a system of complete government endowed ‘security’." - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.49. - VS. THE STATE, SOCIALISM

FREE ENTERPRISE: Put the "free" back into "free enterprise". - From adv. in OUTLOOK, Oct. 72.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Put the meaning back into Free Enterprise.” - Advertisement of Max Idano Mines Pty Ltd., of Bellambi, N.S.W., THE AUSTRALIAN, 19.2.1972.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Rotarian Socialism", … quoting Mary Ross-Byrd. "That's what Propertarians call it: 'Free Enterprise - and keep those subsidies coming!' " - L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, 196. - MODERN AS OPPOSED TO CLASSICAL LIBERALISM

FREE ENTERPRISE: Some see free enterprise as a predatory target to be shot, others as a cow to be milked, but few see it as a sturdy horse pulling the wagon.” - Winston Churchill. – Horses are owned and exploited by their owners, just like “free” enterprises are now by territorial governments. – JZ, 16.12.08.

FREE ENTERPRISE: Stignani, leaving a department store just before Christmas, noted the salesgirl's reaction to the crowd ("Our best day yet," she said.). But the postman, depositing a heavy mail at Stignani's home, remarked that it was "the worst day we've ever had!" - John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, 12/74. - VS. PUBLIC SERVICES, PROFIT INCENTIVES, BUREAUCRACY, JOKES

FREE ENTERPRISE: The farther an economy moves from free enterprise, the more wasteful it becomes.” - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 10/74. - VS. WASTE

FREE ENTERPRISE: the Manchester school of liberal economic philosophy. Here was a body of men who believed that a free enterprise economy was not only efficient but brought moral growth to all men.” – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, Right Turn, p.4. - MORALITY

FREE ENTERPRISE: The old free enterprise concept of a willing buyer to match a willing seller.” - Warren Beeley (?), THE AUSTRALIAN, 7.11.74. – That presumes that the provision of exchange media, clearing avenues and value standards are also subject to free enterprise, free trade, free competition, freedom of association and freedom of contract, so that the ability to work, earn and spend one’s earnings and the ability to sell are maximized. Under central banking they are all too often all too restricted – in the absence of sufficient and sound exchange media or clearing options for all possible and desired free exchanges. – JZ, 13.3.13. – LAISSEZ FAIRE – LAISSEZ PASSER, FREE ECONOMY, FREE MARKET, FREEDOM FOR SUPPLY & DEMAND, CONSUMER- & PRODUCER SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP

FREE ENTERPRISE: The so-called American capitalist, today, usually does not know what genuine free enterprise is. It means the total exclusion of the state from the economic realm, leaving producers free to compete, subject to the risks and hazards of the law of supply and demand alone. But the contemporary businessman's working definition of "free enterprise" is bribing specific government officials for favours - for contracts, for subsidies, for monopolies, for protective tariffs … for shelter against competition at home and abroad. - Edith Efron, quoted in Roger McBride, A New Dawn, p.18. – Alas, neither Efron nor McBride did, to my knowledge, recommend full exterritorial autonomy for businessmen and corporations, their volunteers and their federations. – Territorialism, in all too many important spheres, excludes free enterprises and replaces it by quite wrongful and inefficient monopolism. – JZ, 16.12.08. - EXCLUSION OF THE TERRITORIAL STATE, WHILE INCLUDING ALL KINDS OF “PUBLIC” SERVICES FOR VOLUNTARY CUSTOMERS OR MEMBERS, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

FREE ENTERPRISE: The stultification of the incentive impulse will and must react violently against the productive processes of any society that adopts it. On the contrary, the productive multiplication of physical goods increases in direct proportion to the freedom of private individual enterprise.” - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.48. - INCENTIVES

FREE ENTERPRISE: The way to starting one's own business is today beset with thorns planted by governments; but it still leads to prizes for the determined and capable man.” - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 12/75, p.71.

FREE ENTERPRISE: The Workers Party will make a free enterprise out of your life - and put you in charge of it. - JZ, 1.8.75, 20.7.78 & 24.6.00. – Alas, it, too, did not. – JZ, 21.11.10. - INDIVIDUALISM CHOICE, FREEDOM, WORKERS PARTY

FREE ENTERPRISE: There are still a few courageous bigots left who, parrot-like, tell us that capitalism is bankrupt and private enterprise has failed. Not only is the opposite the obvious truth, but it should be added that private enterprise has proved more wonderful than its most enthusiastic admirers could possibly believe, in that it survives and is still able to balance the budget of all this political foolery.” - Sir Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p.206. - Alas, it was never as yet quite free, was never completely extended into the monetary and financial sphere, remained internationally restricted by protectionism, did not tackle the numerous governmental and legalized monopolies, especially not the territorial monopoly of "government services". As a result, its successes are not as shiny and obvious and extensive as they could be. - JZ, 22.6.00. – CAPITALISM, ECONOMIC FREEDOM, MONETARY DESPOTISM, PROTECTIONISM, REGULATIONS, INTERVENTIONISM, STATISM, MONOPOLISM, BUREAUCRACY, LEGISLATION

FREE ENTERPRISE: There is not better method to promote free enterprise than to arrange for the return to it of what has been stolen from it in the past and is still in the hands of its main enemy the State. Market methods can solve this task and the democratic process can support it. - D.Z. & JZ, 1/76. - See PEACE PLANS 19C, Let Freedom Pay Its Way, on a general voucher project to give each citizen his share in the State's capital assets - for re-investment as he pleases. - JZ, 15.6.00. - LIBERTARIANISM, FINANCING LIBERTARIANISM, EXPROPRIATING THE STATE, PRIVATIZATION

FREE ENTERPRISE: This would require, primarily, the introduction of full monetary and financial freedom, apart from all the other and more obvious and more widely recognized factors. Only if entrepreneurs became entrepreneurial - and at the same time revolutionary (non-violent, without bloodshed), in these spheres, too, could fully free enterprise and free markets be finally achieved and secured for the benefit of all. It should also include free enterprise within enterprises, by various voluntary self-management, cooperative production, group contracting, partnership and intrepreneurship schemes. - JZ, 14.6.00. - AGAINST INFLATION & UNEMPLOYMENT & ECONOMIC CRISES, SELF-MANAGEMENT, FREE BANKING, COOPERATIVE & VOLUNTARY SOCIALISM, PARTNERSHIPS, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES

FREE ENTERPRISE: Those fighting for free enterprise and free competition do not defend the interests of those rich today. They want a free hand left to unknown men who will be the entrepreneurs of tomorrow.” - Ludwig von Mises, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. - COMPETITION, CAPITALISM, RICH & POOR

FREE ENTERPRISE: To get and stay in business you do now often need and accountant, a lawyer and a computer expert. Thus involvement in business becomes more and more difficult for ordinary people with a small capital and limited knowledge only. Only larger and successful enterprises can take such additional expenses in their stride. In other words, free enterprise is, largely, no longer free enterprise. – JZ, 13.12.03, 19.9.08.

FREE ENTERPRISE: To supply people with goods, services and gainful employment is worth far more than to provide them with welfare payments.” - Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 9/74. - CAPITALISM VS. WELFARE STATE

FREE ENTERPRISE: We must realize that the greatest threat to the free enterprise system lies with those who say "free enterprise is fine, except for me!" - Doug Bandow, NEW GUARD, June 78.

FREE ENTERPRISE: What's happening to free enterprise? Government has almost swallowed it up. All remaining energies are devoted to tax avoidance.” – JOKE, 1977 in Canberra. Source unknown. - TAXATION

FREE ENTERPRISE: when people want freedom they will get it. When the desire of the businessman for "free enterprise" is so strong that he will risk bankruptcy for it, he cannot be denied.” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.185. - Lysander Spooner risked bankruptcy in his fight for private post offices. He got the bankruptcy but not a lasting private post office. Naturally, it would have helped if many other such and other entrepreneurs had joined his struggle. But they made money while he struggled, in vain, against the postal monopoly law. Moreover, free enterprise fights against e.g. the territorial State and its military and international policy monopoly and its monetary despotism and tribute collection do not only risk bankruptcy and high court costs but even imprisonment. - JZ, 15.6.00, 6.8.13. – POST OFFICE

FREE ENTERPRISE: Whenever there is some trouble in any area of the economy, the simplest solution to many people is "Let the government fix it." Yet the record is plain for everyone to see - every time the government uses its money or its power to favor this group or that it sets in motion a train of events, which causes even more serious trouble and imbalance in many other related areas. Over a period of years the net result is such a web of supports, subsidies, interventions and controls that it is almost impossible for a nation to find its way back into a dynamic system of really free enterprise.” - Lawrence Fertig, quoted in The Free Man's Almanac, Nov. 21. - What is difficult for a whole territorial nation would be easy for individuals and minorities who are free to secede and associate under exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 14.6.00. - A FREE MARKET VS. “FIXES” OR “SOLUTIONS” BY TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, GOVERNMENTALISM, INTERVENTIONISM, DICTOCRACY, MEDDLING, STATISM, PLANNING

FREE ENTERPRISE: Why is the per capita gross domestic product in Hong Kong 18 times as great as that in communist China? - Diogenes, THE CONNECTION 123, p.11. - HONG KONG VS. RED CHINA, Q.

FREE ENTRY: Free entry into any field of endeavor - the production of goods or the supplying of services - assures competition - each trying to get out front. …” - Leonard E. Read, ABC's of Freedom. - He opposed free enterprise in that sphere which he considered to be the exclusive preserve of a territorial but otherwise limited government. Only this mind-block prevented him from going further towards the liberation of individuals. He still entertained the illusion that limited governments could be ideal providers of justice, protection and defence. Daily news say otherwise. - JZ, 15.6.00. – Almost every existing government pretends that it is already a “limited government” and most “limited government advocates still desire the totalitarianism that is inherent in territorialism for their “limited” government. – JZ, 21.11.10. – LICENSING, PERMITS, FREE ENTERPRISE, PERMISSIONS, PROFESSIONS, TERRITORIALISM, LEGISLATION, MONOPOLIES, COMPETITION, STATISM

FREE EXCHANGE RATES: Like any free market prices, free exchange rates tend to clear the market, preventing shortages and surpluses. - JZ, n.d. –DEMAND & SUPPLY, IN BALANCE UNDER FULL FREEDOM, FREE PRICING, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROLS, FLOATING RATES

FREE EXCHANGE: Adam Smith's key insight was that both parties to an exchange can benefit and that, so long as cooperation is strictly voluntary, no exchange can take place unless both parties do benefit. – Milton Friedman, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. - Naturally, both sides must be sufficiently informed on what they are exchanging and misinformation as well as fraud must be excluded as far as possible and lead, otherwise to indemnification rights before competitive juridical services. – JZ, 9.1.13, 6.8.13. - FREE EXCHANGES DO BENEFIT ALL THEIR PARTICIPANTS, PROVIDED THEY ARE SUFFICIENTLY INFORMED, TRADE, FREE TRADE, LAISSEZ FAIRE, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, VOLUNTARISM, FREE MARKET, COMPETITION, PUBLICITY, FREE PRICING, MUTUAL PROFIT, VOLUNTARY COOPERATION

FREE EXCHANGE: All internal sales on the one side and all purchases on the other side, are also “exports” and “imports” and do automatically balance each other, if they are not interfered with. The only moral and sensible rule for them is: Laissez-faire, laissez-passer, in the meaning of: let people produce and let them exchange! Excluded are merely force and fraud and e.g. trade with mass extermination devices and sales of other weapons to dictatorial regimes. – JZ, 23.3.03, 21.10.07, 6.8.13. - INTERNALLY & INTERNATIONALLY, BALANCE OF TRADE, BALANCE OF PAYMENTS, IMPORTS, EXPORTS, FREE TRADE VS. PROTECTIONISM, INTERNALLY & EXTERNALLY

FREE EXCHANGE: By virtue of exchange, one man’s property is beneficial to all others. - Frédéric Bastiat, in  Nizam Ahmad shared Bastiat Institute's photo. – Facebook, 22.11.12. - Compare Bastiat’s: “Society IS exchange!” A mere 3 words but they do express a lot of truths that are still not generally understood. – JZ, 12.4.12. – & PROSPERITY, PROPERTY, CAPITAL, CAPITALISM, WEALTH, POVERTY, SOCIETY, EXCHANGE, FREE MARKETS, FREE TRADE, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, PANARCHISM

FREE EXCHANGE: Free exchange - whether between individuals, villages, states or nations - makes for a higher level of living.” - Curtiss, The Tariff Idea, p.49. - FREE TRADE & THE STANDARD OF LIVING, PROSPERITY, WEALTH

FREE EXCHANGE: Free exchange means also that individuals and minority groups should be free to exchange the present political and bureaucratic arrangements for those, which they prefer for themselves, as far as their own affairs are concerned. - JZ, 25.8.98. – SELF-OWNERSHIP VS. PEOPLE AS PROPERTY OF GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, AUTONOMY, SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-DETERMINATION, SECESSIONISM, SELF-RULE, PANARCHISM, MINORITY AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, MARKET ANARCHY, ANARCHO CAPITALISM, FREE SOCIETIES, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, ASSOCIATIONISM

FREE EXCHANGE: If an exchange between two parties is voluntary, it will not take place unless both believe they will benefit from it. Most economic fallacies derive from the neglect of this simple insight, from the tendency to assume that there is a fixed pie that one party can gain only at the expense of another. – Milton Friedman – However, if it is to be quite free and voluntary then it ought no longer to tied to monetary and financial despotism, as exemplified especially by central banking and taxation. – JZ, 4.4.12. - TRADE, VOLUNTARISM, ECONOMIC FALLACIES, PROTECTIONISM, COERCIVE ZERO SUM GAMES VS. VOLUNTARY WIN-WIN RELATIONSHIPS

FREE EXCHANGE: It means freedom for you (and all others) to offer your best efforts for the best efforts of others. - JZ, 14.2.97. - After reading: "He would rather offer his best efforts for the best efforts of his fellow man." - George Morrone, God, Caesar & Me.

FREE EXCHANGE: Man is an animal that makes bargains; no other animal does this – no dog exchanges bones with another.” – Adam Smith, quoted in A. Andrews Quotations, p. 284. – TRADE, BARGAINS, FREE DEALS

FREE EXCHANGE: No State or any individual would have the right to interfere with voluntary exchanges among other individuals.” - An Amendment to the Bill of Rights, voted down, according to Walter Williams. – TAXATION, PROTECTIONISM, LICENSING, PERMITS

FREE EXCHANGE: Society is purely and solely a continual series of exchanges. It is never anything else, in any epoch of its duration, from its commencement the most unformed, to its greatest perfection. And this is the greatest eulogy we can give to it, for exchange is an admirable transaction, in which the two contracting parties always both gain; consequently, society is an uninterrupted succession of advantages, unceasingly renewed for all its members. - Destutt de Tracy - Nizam Ahmad - Liberty Quotations – Facebook, 21.7.13.

FREE EXCHANGE: The public interest is best served by the free exchange of ideas. – John Kane – Not only ideas but also opinions, goods and services ought to be freely exchangeable and even whole political, economic and social systems and establishments ought to become a matter of choice for individuals. Individual rights and liberties go far beyond the few conventional and basic ones. – JZ, 6.4.12. - & PUBLIC INTEREST

FREE EXCHANGE: The total quantity of all our free exchanges should not be limited by the quantity of gold coins or gold bullion that we can accumulate to cover or make possible all our exchanges. While gold weight units, as exclusive value standards, would do no one, objectively, any wrong and harm (but only to some people, subjectively, in accordance with their faith. Objectively, libertarianism demands also free choice among value standards.), as exclusive means of payment or exclusive means to cover and redeem exchange media with, they would be very wrongful and harmful. An almost ideal value standard metal is not necessarily also an ideal commodity to determine the quantity of all exchange media and it is not necessary to keep all exchange media, reckoning with it as a value standard, in balance with the quantity of that metal that is available for and used for metallic redemption claims towards their issuers. Obligatory gold-redemption for note issuers and obligatory payment of all debt in gold coins or bullion would save us, indeed, from inflation, but only by keeping us in a severe deflation, by making us dependent, in billions of transactions, with millions of different goods and services, on the quantity of gold coins that we can provide for such exchanges. - JZ, 28.10.07, 6.8.13. - THE CLASSICAL GOLD STANDARD, REDEMPTION IN GOODS & SERVICES RATHER THAN IN RARE METALS, FREE CLEARING, COVER FOR EXCHANGE MEDIA, READINESS TO ACCEPT FOUNDATION, DEBT FOUNDATION, TAX FOUNDATIOON, SHOP FOUNDATION, FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE MARKET MONIES, MONEY CIRCULATION, INCREASES & DECREASES OF FREE MARKET MONEY ISSUES VS. FORCED & EXCLUSIVE CURRENCIES WITH LEGAL TENDER POWER, INFLATION, DEFLATION, GOLD-VALUE CLEARING OR ACCOUNTING STANDARD AS AN OPTIONAL VALUE STANDARD

FREE EXCHANGE: Thus, specialization leads to increased production, of those items most desired by consumers, at a price, which the consumers themselves are willing to pay. In free exchange, then, a natural harmony exists between production and consumption, between specialists and consumers of the specialty, provided only that the system is allowed to operate. The system, as Bastiat made clear again and again, can operate only so long as voluntary association and free choice prevail. The harmony of mutual interest is destroyed when the outside agency of the state introduces compulsion in the place of voluntary cooperation.” - G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.45. - SPECIALIZATION, DIVISION OF LABOUR, COMPULSION, VOLUNTARY COOPERATION & HARMONY, MUTUALISM, VOLUNTARY COOPERATION, SELF-INTEREST

FREE EXCHANGE: what is at stake is the freedom to buy, sell and exchange – the most basic of all civilized activities.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.255. – It should not only be confined to ordinary consumer goods and services but also to public services of all kinds, including the provision of exchange media and value standards or clearing facilities and any kind of insurance, protective or defensive services. – JZ, 2.10.07.

FREE GOVERNMENT: A free government is a contradiction in terms, if applied to territorial governments. All territorial governments are organizing oppression and exploitation and deception on a massive scale. Only the degrees of their criminal activities vary. Some have less dissenters and more consenting victims than others. - JZ, 29.5.91. - Those only exterritorially autonomous and having voluntary members only could be classed as free as any government or society or community can be, short of individual self-government. - JZ, 15.6.00, 6.8.13. – TERRITORIALISM VS. VOLUNTARISM & FREE COMPETITION IN ALL SPHERES

FREE GOVERNMENT: No government can be free that does not allow its citizens to participate in the formation and execution of her laws. There are degrees of tyranny; but every other government is a despotism.” - Thaddeus Stevens, Speech in the House of Representatives, June 3, 1867. - A "free government" on a territorial basis is a contradiction in terms. It is a tyranny, too, although only over a lesser number or a less well organized number of people: the minorities spread over "its" territory and usually outvoted. - JZ, 17.10.85 & 10.7.86. - TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, MINORITY AUTONOMY, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM

FREE IMMIGRATION: Are the current inhabitants of North America any more entitled to monopolize the country or continent than the Red Indians and Eskimos once were? - JZ, 27.8.92, 6.8.13. – Q., IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, LAND MONOPOLY, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, FREE MIGRATION

FREE IMMIGRATION: If more free trade with foreigners, across borders, is good, up to its optimum, then more free trade with foreigners living internally, as free immigrants and producers, is also good, up to the optimum population level. - JZ, 1.11.91. - It would even save us in transaction costs. - JZ, 24.6.00. - FREE TRADE, INCREASE IN THE DIVISION OF LABOR, UNDER FULL ECONOMIC FREEDOM, INCREASES PRODUCTIVITY & THUS PROSPERITY

FREE INSTITUTIONS: The NAME of free Institutions may exist; national and local "representative" assemblies may exist; a theoretical constitution, full of liberal pretences, may exist; a so-called free press may exist; nay, universal suffrage may exist; but, unless there be the general and active and unshackled means of discussion and free utterance by all the freemen, free Institutions have no reality; law and liberty and property have no assured securities; and the government will be merely a despotism, more or less oppressive according to the personal temper of those who hold the reigns of power, and more or less artfully disguised according as they have more or less moral and physical courage.” - J. Toulmin Smith, Local Self-Government & Centralization, p.28. – VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

FREE INSTITUTIONS: There has been no time nor land in which the maintenance of free Institutions has not been constantly threatened.” - J. Toulmin Smith, Local Self-Government & Centralization, p.4. - THREATS TO THEM, SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PANARCHISM

FREE LIFE: Negate the un-free life. Don’t negate the free life. – JZ, 25.5.05. – Reject the artificial limitations of un-free lives; embrace the almost unlimited possibilities of free lives. – But only to the extent that you are individually ready for them, step by step. Otherwise you will be disappointed and will not understand all your rights and liberties immediately and will not be able to use them all to your advantage. To be and act like a fully free person will take time and effort. We see it in the natural growing-up process of individuals. We have seen it in the liberation of serfs and slaves and also among the refugees from long-term despotic regimes like the Soviet Union. Like school children, we should all be able to advance at our own speed, in our own time and only up to our own limits, whatever they may be. – Allow others to advance faster or more slowly or not at all. - JZ, 30.10.07.

FREE LOVE: Love is always free. When love ceases to be free it is prostitution.” - Milly Witcop (Rocker). - She should have known that there is something like voluntary prostitution, too, which is just one form of free exchange. Not a particularly tasteful, lady-like and gentleman type of sex but one of many options under freedom. The more free prostitution is, the less will prostitutes and their customers by exploited, extorted, mistreated, drugged, etc. Moreover, at least until the sexual revolution is finally complete, it will help to reduce violent sex crimes. But paid sex with babies, infants and minors below the age of consent or a degree of physical and mental maturity can hardly presume their informed consent. - It does, inevitably, amount to a crime with victims. - JZ, 22.6.00, 16.12.08. – PROSTITUTION, MARRIAGE, CHILD MOLESTATION, PAEDOPHILES

FREE LOVE: Love that isn't free isn't love. - JZ, 13.5.73.

FREE LUNCH, WELFARE RIGHTS OR CLAIMS, RIGHT TO A DECENT LIVING – AT THE EXPENSE OF OTHERS? Don't believe the world owes you a living; the world owes you nothing--it was here first. - Robert Jones Burdette - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – WELFARE RIGHTS CLAIMS, TAANSTAAFL

FREE MARKET A JUNGLE? The free market, many critics claim, is "the rule of the jungle," where "the survival of the fittest" is the only law. But the free market is the very opposite of the "jungle." When not involved with government, it is characterized by peaceful competition. If a man miscalculates and starts a second grocery store in a village where one grocery store is all that the market will bear, the second one goes under—that is true. The failure is a result of the man's miscalculation, based on his own free decision. - Either he must bear the consequences of the failure himself (as capitalism requires), or every taxpayer in the land must be called upon to pay a few cents more in taxes to protect him against the loss (as the welfare state requires. If a man is thus cushioned against loss, there will be many more losing enterprises. In the real, literal jungle, there is a struggle for survival in which the stronger crushes his weaker foe, but in the free market one man gains wealth only through serving the consumers best, as determined by the opinion of those very consumers themselves."- John Hospers - John Hospers – Facebook, 17.3.13. - LAISSEZ FAIRE, SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST? CAPITALISM, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE TRADE, FREE EXCHANGE, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

FREE MARKET MONEY: The quality of a privately issued local currency, which is still unknown to its potential acceptor, is much easier to check than the quality of a capital security. For not only does it have a published market rating, usually one at par with its nominal value, sometimes, temporarily below par, rarely ever above it, but its value can be checked in the nearest local store, by offering it in payment for something. If it is there accepted at its face value, then it is good enough. It has then readiness to accept or shop foundation in form of goods or services. However, only the issuer will always have to accept it at its face value. And the issuer might be an association of the local shops and supermarkets as well as professionals and tradesmen and other local service providers. In this it is the equivalent to the variety of competing credit cards now in existence. We know that not all of them are readily accepted by all and for all kinds of small payments. But the acceptability of at least some of them is often indicated by a sign in the shops. Often their kind of “shop-foundation” or “readiness to accept foundation” will already be clearly indicated on such notes, by their issuers, just like tickets indicate their usefulness. Friends, family members, or even strangers can also assure a doubting Thomas about the value of a kind of private currency and its local acceptability. They could not do this, in most cases, regarding capital certificates, without resorting to their market ratings published in the larger newspapers. The latter ratings make capital certificates already widely acceptable. The acceptability of private currencies can be found out much easier and from many other sources, including the information printed on the notes themselves, e.g. as standardized goods warrants or service vouchers, a kind of ticket money or certified claim against the issuer. But acceptance of such currency is voluntary. It is not legal tender, i.e. it does not have compulsory acceptance and a forced value in general circulation. That is one of its qualities and not one of its deficiencies. For it assures its continued quality, rather than its continued depreciation or deflationary under-supply, as happen all to often with monopolistic and forced currencies. – JZ, 13.10.12. –  SHOP CURRENCY, READINESS TO ACCEPT FOUNDATION COMPETING CURRENCIES, UNKNOWN PRIVATE BANKNOTES, FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM, FEAR OR SUSPICION OF UNKNOWN NOTES, COINS OR TOKENS, MARKET MONEY, FREE EXCHANGE, MONOPOLY MONEY, LEGAL TENDER, INFLATION, GRESHAM’S LAW

FREE MARKET MONEY: The United States is rapidly becoming a nation of the underemployed, barely scraping by and desperate for part-time work in order to make their ends meet. This is the face of the “new economy.” - "The root problem is the politicization of money. We need to scrap the notion of monetary policy entirely and institute free-market money. Let the market determine the currency." - Tim Kelley - Quoted by Nizam Ahmad, on Facebook 13.10.12. - VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, FREE ENTERPRISE & CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY FOR ALTERNATIVE MONIES & VALUE STANDARDS AS WELL, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING

FREE MARKET: A belief in the free market means a belief that people have an innate right to the fruits of their endeavours, and the right to dispose of the fruit the way they see fit, as long as other people don’t get pasted in the face with a rotten peach or something.” - P. J. O’Rourke, Eat the Rich, A Treatise on Economics, Picador, 1998, p.237.

FREE MARKET: A black market is really nothing more than a free market reasserting itself in the face of government interference.” - Robert Ringer. – Without sufficient publicity and jurisdiction avenues the black market is not a sufficiently free market. – JZ, 14.3.13. - BLACK MARKET OR UNDERGROUND ECONOMY, PUBLICITY, COMPETING JURISDICTIONS

FREE MARKET: A free market feeds more people more equitably than any other system.” - L. Neil Smith, Tom Paine Maru, p.174. – “Feeding” is the wrong expression here. Through a really free market anyone able and willing to work productively and to freely exchange the products of his work, his services, his labor, can easily feed himself – and several others, still dependent upon him, at least with the basic foods and other living requirements. – JZ, 12.12.08. - HUNGER, SOCIALISM, EQUALITY, FEEDING, WELFARE OR SELF-HELP?

FREE MARKET: A functioning free market economy, without taxes, tariffs, privileges, leaves it up to individuals to freely decide whether they want to compete or cooperate with each other.” - Uwe Timm, Gesammelte Schriften, S.46. - FREE MARKET ECONOMY

FREE MARKET: A market free of government intervention.” - Harry Browne: You Can Profit from a Monetary Crisis, 392. - I would add: and not subject to private banditry! - JZ, 9.7.82. – Most of the problems freedom lovers do have, with interventionist governments, would disappear as soon as membership and subordination to territorial governments becomes quite voluntary. From then on the remaining statists could only wrong and harm themselves, within the framework of panarchism, in their own and various panarchies. All those able and willing to learn from their negative experiences with them would sooner or later leave them as well. – The primary intervention, even in democracies, consists in their territorialism, which also means their involuntary membership and subordination under territorially imposed rather than personal and individually chosen law systems and their institutions. - JZ, 17.12.08, 6.8.13. – PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE & SOCIETIES

FREE MARKET: A really free market means much more freedom for ordinary people, everywhere, not only for governments and corporations, any time, in all spheres, not only in economics, but including political and social organizations as well, as “free enterprises” of volunteers, doing their own things, exterritorially autonomous, under “personal law”, in all spheres so far monopolized by territorial governments, applying freedom of association, freedom of contract, self-ownership and free trade in this extended sphere as well. – It excludes any territorial monopoly for anyone, while upholding private, cooperative, partnership or shareholding property e.g. in real estate, buildings, factories, machines. It even includes free competition between all kinds of land-title systems, with all land being rightfully and legally acquired first, either by outright purchase or long-term lease. – Henry George followers have set some such tolerant examples to demonstrate their land-ownership system. – Panarchies are competing societies, communities and governance systems within a general system of panarchism, multi-archism, polyarchism etc. - JZ, 19.8.09, 10.3.12, 6.8.13. – LAND TITLES, REAL ESTATE PROPERTY, COMPETITION BETWEEN DIFFERENT SYSTEMS VIA VOLUNTEERS.

FREE MARKET: As [F.] Friedman reminded us, even the known communist can readily find employment in capitalist America. The free market is politics-blind, religion-blind, and yes, race-blind. Do you ask about the politics or the religion of the farmer who grew the potatoes you buy at the store? Do you ask about the color or the hands that helped produce the steel you use in your office building?” - Benjamin R. Rogge, The Case for Economic Freedom, p.24, in FEE: The Freedom Philosophy. - COMMUNISM, CAPITALISM, RACISM, WRONGFUL DISCRIMINATION

FREE MARKET: Disillusion with the free market, particularly in England, increased during the great depression in the 1930s until, by the end of World War II, a Labour Government was elected to power with a massive majority and with a mandate to lay the foundations for a socialist state and a socialist economic system. – P. S. Atiyeah, Common Law, in: The New Palgrave: The Invisible Hand, ed. By John Eatwell, Murray Milgate & Peter Newman, W. W. Norton, 1987/89, p.76. – Disillusion set in only with what was, quite wrongly, assumed to be a free market.  A quite free market may have never existed, so far, at any time and at any place. Even now many important and genuine individual rights and liberties remain widely either still unknown or unappreciated and thus unrealized. Without them no quite free market can exist and these omission do often have disastrous consequences. – Even freedom of contract, freedom of association and freedom to experiments among volunteers are not yet realized in all spheres that are still territorially monopolized by States or governments. - JZ, 24.2.12. – Especially missing was always full monetary freedom and freedom in the choice of governance or societies. – JZ, 14.3.13. – GENUINE INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, ASSOCIATE, CONTRACT, SECEDE, EXTERRORIAL AUTONOMY & VOLUNTARISM VS.  TERRITORIALISM, WITH ITS MONOPOLISM, COERCION & COLLECTIVISM

FREE MARKET: Free Market Explained – In a free market, all prices, wages, and profits are determined – not by the arbitrary whim of the rich or of the poor, not by anyone’s “greed” or by anyone’s need – but by the law of supply and demand. The mechanism of a free market reflects and sums up all the economic choices and decisions made by all the participants. Men trade their goods or services by mutual consent to mutual advantage, according to their own independent, uncoerced judgement. A man can grow rich only if he is able to offer better values – better products or services, at a lower price  - than others are able to offer. - Moving to Asheville for Liberty – – Quoted by Nizam Ahmad sharing Capitalism's photo. – Facebook, 2.8.13. – GREED, NEED, SUPPLY & DEMAND

FREE MARKET: Free market information should not only be spread incestuously among the already converted but freely among all other information, in a free market for all information, ideas, innovations, discoveries, inventions and talents, using all efficient and affordable alternative media as well, and the most economical ones most of all. - JZ, 11.9.98, 14.6.00. - FREE MARKET PHILOSOPHY, LIBERTARIANISM, ANARCHISM, ENLIGHTENMENT, IDEAS ARCHIVE, COPYRIGHTS, ALTERNATIVE AFFORDABLE MEDIA USAGE

FREE MARKET: Free market mechanisms no longer work (*) when the State makes the rules, hence the economic mess.” - Dr. H. L. Soper, LIBERTARIAN DIGEST, May 81. - (1) They are no longer allowed to work! - JZ, 15.6.00. - STATES, GOVERNMENTS & LAWS

FREE MARKET: Free, unregulated markets, are a means of delimiting the monopoly power of government to determine what goods and services we each will have.” - Richard B. McKenzie, Bound to Be Free, Hoover Institute Press, 1982, p. 149. – Even limited governments of the territorial kind, as proposed by libertarians, would still leave some public services to the State, i.e., its politicians and bureaucrats, which are much too important to leave to such people, who tend to be power-addicts or even power-mad. – JZ, 6.10.07. – Free choice, free enterprise, consumer sovereignty, freedom of contract, association and secession, for individuals and minorities, are also required when it comes to governance, societies and communities. – JZ, 14.3.13, 6.8.13. - VS. MONOPOLIES, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM

FREE MARKET: Fundamentally, there are only two ways of coordinating the economic activities of millions. One is central direction involving the use of coercion – the technique of the army and of the modern totalitarian state. The other is voluntary cooperation of individuals – the technique of the marketplace. – Milton Friedman - FREE MARKETS OR CENTRAL PLANNING, DIRECTION & CONTROLS? TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

FREE MARKET: I do not need to know how an objective can be accomplished to have a deep and abiding faith that it would be done - if left to the free market.” - Leonard E. Read, Meditations on Freedom, p.21. - It mobilizes wide-spread knowledge, ideas and abilities and releases all creative energies - provided it includes a free market for ideas and talents as well. - JZ, 12.6.00. – If a solution is possible then experimental freedom among the volunteers of various panarchies will bring it about, step by step, always, initially, only among the first few volunteers volunteers and later only for newly converted other volunteers. – JZ, 17.12.08, 6.8.13. – Without full monetary and financial freedom, and recognition of all other individual rights and liberties, e.g. free migration, no market is fully free. – JZ, 21.11.10, 6.8.13. - FAITH, CONVICTION, KNOWLEDGE & EXPERIENCE

FREE MARKET: I favor the free market - especially in the monetary sphere - as the best means to overcome unemployment, inflation, deflation, stagflation and poverty. - JZ, 23.4.75 & 24.6.00. - Also when it comes to individual choice of governance, societies and communities. – JZ, 14.3.13. – FREE MARKET IN THE MONETARY SPHERE, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING

FREE MARKET: I hold out that it is not a priori impossible to improve upon the Free Market, only that it's damned hard to come up with a successful instance to date.” - Wayne Wallace Woodward, THE CONNECTION 115, p.22. – Rather: instances of sufficient freedom for all kinds of markets is lacking. Wherever and whenever they are sufficiently free, then they are also soon successful. – JZ, 14.3.13. – Black markets – with all their remaining defects, do flourish e.g. for drugs and guns, the more attempts there are to repress them. For then they are much more profitable for their producers and distributors – not for their customers. – JZ, 6.8.13.

FREE MARKET: If you have the free market you achieve more than the socialists want to achieve.” - Sudha Shenoy, 2.9.77. – I don’t understand why even famous scholars use only one term and this the wrong one, for all kinds of socialism, of which there are at least 600 types and some of them are more entrepreneurial and capitalistic than are the run-of-the-mill capitalistic or “free” enterprises, still with the bossism and personal dependence of the employer-employee relationship and insufficient internal incentives to maximize productivity and personal independence and initiatives. Most enterprises have still all too much in common with the conventional discipline in standing armies. “Obey or else!” – JZ, 14.3.13, 6.8.13. - VS. STATE SOCIALISM, SELF-MANAGEMENT OPTIONS, FORMS OF PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, PARTNERSHIP & EMPLOYEE SHAREHOLDING

FREE MARKET: In a free market both traders are in a win-win situation. But government regulation changes this drastically. Government can order people to do what they would normally do but that would mean the regulation is irrelevant. It can also order them to make trades they wouldn't have made; in which case, either one or both of the participants lose out. It can also forbid them from making a trade they would have voluntarily made, in which case both participants lose out. Finally it can change the nature of the trade by taxing it or changing the product, in which case either one or both participants again lose out. Only in the free market do both traders win. Government regulation of the market place only increases the level of losing.” - Jim Lewis, Liberty Reclaimed, p.22. -  WIN-WIN SITUATIONS, TRADE, EXCHANGE, BUSINESS VS. REGULATIONS

FREE MARKET: In government, “small is beautiful”. (*) The great need today is for people to recognize the simple fact and to understand that the case for the free market is constructed largely on the premise that people should not be free to use the power of the state to protect themselves from the forces of competition in free exchanges between individuals.” (**) - Richard B. McKenzie, Bound to Be Free, Hoover Institute Press, 1982, p.43. - (*) Only its absence is beautiful enough for radical freedom lovers. Or its reduction to volunteers, their personal laws and exterritorial autonomy. – (**) The victims of such “protection”, i.e., those, who want to be able to compete freely, should be free to opt out from any territorial State that imposes such “protective” or “preventative” restrictions upon them. We should never expect “the people” as a whole, i.e. the whole territorial population to become sufficiently enlightened at the same time. The best that can be achieved, in this respect, is to allow everyone of them to follow the already somewhat enlightened pioneers in their more free actions, experiments, methods, systems and institutions. In this way freedom will become advanced as fast as possible, individual by individual, as a matter of individual choice. – The protectionists should be allowed to have their “protection”, but only at their own expense, as long as they are prepared to bear its burdens and the other consequences of the “protection” they desire for themselves. – Free Trade to Free Traders. Protectionism to Protectionists! - JZ, 6.10.07. - COMPETITION, PROTECTION & THE STATE, ENLIGHTEMENT, NEW DRAFT

FREE MARKET: In the free market you can't help but serve other people's needs, wants and interests: A seller needs a buyer and vice versa” - D. Shapiro, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 3/79/22. – FREE EXCHANGE, VIA FREE BANKING & MONETARY FREEDOM AS WELL AS FINANCIAL FREEDOM, SUPPLY & DEMAND, LAISSEZ FAIRE, TRADE, EXPORTS & IMPORTS

FREE MARKET: Individual freedom is dependent on individual economic freedom - on the free market where men and women can deal with one another without a host of coercive government controls, laws, regulations, licences, subsidies, tariffs, etc.” - WORKERS PARTY NEWSLETTER No.1, March 1975. - INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM

FREE MARKET: It is a free market that makes monopolies impossible. – Ayn Rand - VS. MONOPOLISM, COMPETITION, FREE EXCHANGE

FREE MARKET: It remains, all too often, still overlooked that a fully free market will also have to include full monetary and financial freedom as well as panarchistic or polyarchic competition. – JZ, 15.11.11, 24.2.12.

FREE MARKET: Massive conflicts arise when the market is not allowed to work.” - D. Shapiro, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 3/79, 22. - So why don't we allow it to work in all spheres? Do we prefer the continuance of conflicts within and between territorial, centralized and monopolized warfare States? - JZ, 12.6.00, 17.12.08.

FREE MARKET: New Civil War erupts, led by super rich, GOP Paul B. Farrell - MarketWatch - - We never had as yet a completely free market when it comes to the provision of exchange media, clearing and credit avenues and value standards, as well as the provision of "governmental", "societal", "community" and public services. That is why dissatisfaction in public affairs is still wide-spread. Free competition in the provision of such services is still territorially, monopolistically, constitutionally, legally and juridically suppressed. Explore the panarchy, polyarchy and monetary as well as financial freedom alternatives! – JZ, 25.3.11, 11.10.12, 9.1.13. – OR LACK OF IT & RESULTING DISSATISFACTION, FREE MARKETS, VOLUNTARISM & INDIVIDUAL CHOICES IN EVERY SPHERE!

FREE MARKET: Socialism is an economic impossibility. When the market is destroyed, economic calculation, and all possibility of it, are destroyed with it. A free market is almost a living thing - it is constantly in movement, as money, investment, effort, production and resources, flow in response to the individual decisions of millions of people, all of whom are trying to maximize their own wellbeing, and whose activity is constantly directed by the mechanism of supply and demand with its barometer, prices.” – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.232. – The voluntary socialism, e.g. within the nuclear family, is quite natural and possible. – So is that between nuns and monks in their retreats. – Even State socialism can be maintained, with terror and slave labor, for all too many decades, at the expense of the lives and living standards of its victims. The Nazis and the Soviets showed its nasty, mass murderous and enslaving possibilities. – Only genuine free markets, economics and rapid economic progress are impossible under it. - JZ, 17.12.08, 6.8.13. – VOLUNTARY & COOPERATIVE VS. STATE SOCIALISM, SELF-MANAGEMENT SCHEMES, EMPLOYEE-SHAREHOLDING, PARTNERSHIPS,

FREE MARKET: Sometimes one gets the impression that there are almost more pro-freedom writers than pro-freedom readers (apart from the writers themselves, as readers). - JZ, 8.11.96, 14.6.00. - If the writers bothered to make all freedom writings accessible, at least on one of the chap alternative media, this situation might significantly change. So far they have not even established a single complete libertarian library or complete bookshop service in the whole world, although this would certainly be in their own interest to do so. - JZ, 14.6.00. - LITERATURE & ITS READERSHIP, NEW DRAFT, CD PROJECT, LIBERTARIAN DIGITAL LIBRARY

FREE MARKET: TANRATHAFM: There Are No Rational Alternatives To A Free Market.” - Anthony I. S. Alexander, in REASON 11/74, advertising his book, The Libertarian Manifesto. - JZ, 12.6.00. - I have still to get myself a copy. - Any exchange offers? – E.g. for some of my digitized PEACE PLANS? – According to a Google search today this book is not yet online. – Pity! - JZ, 17.12.08. - But today I get 2 to 3 million hints to other libertarian manifestos! – JZ, 6.8.13. - PRINTING has kept more titles out of print than in print. Even after publishing on demand, in small batches, has been invented. The efficient and affordable alternative media are still not sufficiently utilized by writers, publishers, booksellers and readers. – They act still as if their preferred medium were more important than their messages. – JZ, 14.3.13.

FREE MARKET: That condition of society in which all economic transactions result from voluntary choice without coercion.” - Wilson / Shea, Illuminatus III, p.70. – Why only all economic transactions and institutions and not all political and social ones as well – JZ, 21.11.10. – Q.

FREE MARKET: The classical economists, … agreed in holding that the free market economy was basically a self-regulating mechanism which would ultimately stabilize itself it left alone.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.115. – Provided the free market is so free that it includes monetary and financial freedom as well and also the competitive provision of all kinds of public services. – JZ, 2.10.07.

FREE MARKET: the competitive market makes the best use of all the dispersed bits of knowledge that people in society have – about their own plans and values and local circumstances.” - David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. p.250. – Alas, that is not yet true e.g. for new ideas and unknown talents, which are still not properly marketed, as every libertarian should know, through years of largely vain struggles to make e.g. libertarian ideas and talents sufficiently known. Proper free markets, world-wide, have still to be established for ideas and talents and not only for those of libertarians and anarchists, either. – One very much under-utilized marketing tool to settle long standing arguments about very involved questions is digital  “argument mapping” of Paul Monk et al, as described online. And this is only one of numerous enlightenment, liberation and general reform projects. – JZ, 3.10.07. – What percentage of all libertarian writings, ideas, proposals and platforms has not yet been made sufficiently and affordably accessible to all who are interested in them? As it could be e.g. on an affordable 1 to 4 TBs external HDD? – JZ, 12.12.08, 6.8.13. - IDEAS ARCHIVE & TALENT REGISTRY, NEW DRAFT

FREE MARKET: the economist refuses to pass judgment on men's preferences; whatever they want, they will get more of it out of a free market than one commandeered by policemen.” - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.210. - MEN'S WANTS

FREE MARKET: the fortissimo hosannas of those who regarded the global market as a benign universal deity – immortal, invisible, omniscient, omnipotent. ….Tom Peters wrote an essay entitled ‘The Market’s Will Be Done’.” - Francis Wheen, How Mumbo-Jumbo Conquered the World, Harper Perennials, 2004, p.234. – The free market is not an institution like the territorial States and their governments. They are a free relationship, which is the natural results of sovereign individuals engaging in free productive and exchange activities, all for their mutual advantage, under free pricing, using sound free market monies and value standards, sound capital certificates and free stock exchanges for them, modern transport, communication and publishing options, all under maximum publicity and with no interference with all such actions. This free market has been legally fettered with uncounted wrongful governmental interventions, all with wrongful and harmful effects. These interventions should be blamed, not what remains of a free market and of laissez faire capitalism and free trade under this kind of anti-economic but legally sanctioned despotism. Naturally, none of the participants and beneficiaries are immortal, invisible, omniscient and omnipotent. But the more free all of them are, the more they do tend to keep each other in check and to cooperate effectively against the remaining barbarians, violent and dishonest people. As really freed people they could do this with competing personal law, protection, jurisdiction and educational systems, which do not neglect moral or ethical education, i.e. all too many of the individual rights and liberties, like territorial governments habitually do. While the free market among sovereign individuals cannot create heaven on earth, it can provide more in wanted or needed goods and services than any other system and under full freedom it would eliminate involuntary poverty much faster still than its fractional realization already does. – Wheen hung on to quite a bit of his own preferred mumbo-jumbo or popular errors and prejudices. - JZ, 16.8.13. - GLOBALISM, WORLD MARKET

FREE MARKET: the free market … allows for the formation of virtually any completely voluntary association for the achievement of really common purposes, without requiring the subordination of ANY to a dictator, or to a majority vote.” - R. A. Childs, Jr., INDIVIDUALIST, 10/71. – PANARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE & SOCIETIES

FREE MARKET: The free market (is) primarily the right of people, individually or cooperatively, to trade voluntarily without interference.” - THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 1.5.70. – RIGHTS, VOLUNTARISM, TRADE, NONINTERFERENCE

FREE MARKET: The Free Market Can Do it!” - LIVE & LET LIVE, 15.3.81. – Alas, in all too many spheres it has still to be legalized and established. – JZ, 14.3.13. – Not even all affordable publishing and marketing options for all libertarian ideas and talents are so far sufficiently utilized. – JZ, 6.8.13. - NEW DRAFT

FREE MARKET: The free market cannot produce the perfect world, but it can create an environment in which each imperfect man may conduct his lifelong search for purpose in his own way, in which each day he may order his life according to his own imperfect vision of his destiny, suffering both the agonies or his errors and the sweet pleasure of his successes. This freedom is what it means to be a man; this is the God-head, if you wish.” - Benjamin R. Rogge, The Case for Economic Freedom, in FEE BOOK, p.26. - It is also the case for panarchistic freedom or competing governments. - JZ - FOR GOVERNMENT SERVICES, PANARCHISM

FREE MARKET: The free market does have a moralizing influence; it brings out the best in people for the simple reason that they prosper most, who do their best. It does not pay to be a skinflint or charlatan or quack; men who are free and self-responsible avoid such people as they would the plague. - Leonard E. Read. - To avoid the ones and find the others, one must be easily able to recognize them or find out about them. Thus full publicity rather than privacy should apply to what they have to offer or fail to offer. - JZ, 12.6.00, 6.8.13. – MORALITY, PUBLICITY

FREE MARKET: The free market does not, of course, eradicate human greed, but it directs it into channels that give the consumer the maximum benefit, for it is he who benefits from the competition of "profit-greedy" businessmen. The idea that the free market is highly popular among businessmen is one that is widespread, but not among sound economists. It was not very popular in 1776, when Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations was published, and it has not become terribly popular with all of them since, which is not surprising, for the free market benefits the consumer, but disciplines the businessman.” - Petr Beckmann, Small Is Beautiful? p.3. - CONSUMERS, GREED, COMPETITION, PROFIT & BUSINESSMEN

FREE MARKET: The Free Market Economy IS a moral economy. What now commonly passes as a "free market economy" is not. - JZ, 25.1.94. - ECONOMY & MORALITY

FREE MARKET: the free market is a society in which all exchange voluntarily. It may most easily be conceived as a situation in which no one aggresses against person or property.” - Murray Rothbard, Power and the Market. - NON-VIOLENCE, AGGRESSION, NON-AGGRESSION, SOCIETY, EXCHANGE, VOLUNTARISM, PROPERTY, CRIME, MARKET

FREE MARKET: The free market is another name for voluntarism, voluntary trade and voluntary association.” - THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 1.5.70. - So why do so few libertarians apply this principle to the supply of and demand for package deals of governmental and societal services on a free market for them as well, under exterritorial autonomy, voluntarism and personal law? Why is this idea and this tradition still so new and strange to so many of them? - JZ, 12.6.00. – Consistency is not everybody’s strength. – JZ, 17.12.08, 6.8.13. – PANARCHISM, Q.

FREE MARKET: The free market is so little trusted because so few are aware of what it is.” - Leonard E. Read, Meditations on Freedom, p.21.

FREE MARKET: The free market means that all production, exchange and distribution problems are solved on a strict basis of voluntarism, by agreements, without any domination. – K. H. Z. Solneman, LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 2, S. 29. - VOLUNTARISM VS. DOMINATION

FREE MARKET: The free market means that people who are providing the cheapest or best service are rewarded. This profit is voluntarily given them by those who benefit most by the efforts of these innovators. That is justice and that is the morality of capitalism. That is the profitability of morality and the morality of profit. - JZ, n.d. - CAPITALISM, PROFIT

FREE MARKET: The free market with its price mechanism is a better guide than Mr. McKitterick.” - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, Dec. 1975, p.66. - FREE PRICING VS. PRICE CONTROLS

FREE MARKET: The free market, in contrast [to socialism], rests upon voluntary trade. If workers choose to contract for employment in factories rather than work their own farms or produce handicrafts, it is because they prefer the wages and conditions in the factories.” - Don Isenberger. Most are descendants of slaves and serfs. As such they are still somewhat conditioned not to explore their self-management options. Alas, these have not yet been fully publicized, either, with all their special attractions and incentives. – JZ, 14.3.13. - VOLUNTARY EXCHANGE, SELF-MANAGEMENT OPTIONS VS. THE EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP, CLASS STRUGGLES, BOSSISM & UNIONISM

FREE MARKET: the free market, the expression of man's economic freedom and the guarantor of all his other freedoms.” - Benjamin R. Rogge, The Case for Economic Freedom, in FEE's anthology: The Freedom Philosophy, p.26,

FREE MARKET: The great problem-solving device; the free market.” - R. A. Childs, Jr., Anarchism & Justice, INDIVIDUALIST, 10/71. – Without an ideas archive, a comprehensive freedom library, libertarian directory, bibliography, abstracts and review collection and encyclopedia of refutations and meeting calendar in every city and many other market institutions, especially full monetary and clearing freedom and free choice of value standards, and competing panarchies of volunteers it is not yet a quite free market. – JZ, 17.12.08. - FREE MARKET, A PROBLEM SOLVER, NEW DRAFT

FREE MARKET: The great virtue of a free market system is that it does not care what color people are; it does not care what their religion is; it only cares whether they can produce something you want to buy. It is the most effective system we have discovered to enable people who hate each other to deal with one another and help one another. - Milton Friedman - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – DISCRIMINATION & RACISM, HATE, COMPETITION VS. MONOPOLY & POWER, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ASSOCIATIONS OF VOLUNTEERS

FREE MARKET: The market possesses a wisdom unimaginably greater than that of any individual.” - Leonard E. Read, Mediations on Freedom, p.21. - So why did he not meditate on letting it operate "governmental" services as well? - JZ, 12.6.00. - Limited but still territorial government is an all too limited alternative to all other territorial governments. – JZ, 14.3.13, 6.8.13. - ITS WISDOM, KNOWLEDGE, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. LIMITED GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM

FREE MARKET: The most important single central fact about a free market is that no exchange takes place unless both parties benefit. - Milton Friedman - Freedom - Economy - Partnership - Profits – We need full freedom for individuals and minority groups to associate or not to associate, exchange, contract and experiment with politicians, bureaucrats and their systems, institutions, laws, constitutions and jurisdictions and also with all alternatives to them, which volunteers desire for themselves. – Free markets and free competition for every wanted service and goods, depending upon individual consumer sovereignty and free enterprise in every sphere. - JZ, 9.1.13, 6.8.13.

FREE MARKET: The only way that has ever been discovered to have a lot of people cooperate together voluntarily is through the free market. And that's why it's so essential to preserving individual freedom. - Milton Friedman – Competition and cooperation are not opposites as long as both are quite free. – JZ, 9.1.13. – They ought to be introduced as well for all forms of statism, libertarianism and anarchism, always without a territorial monopoly for any one of them, i.e. only for their volunteers, under personal law or exterritorial autonomy, also called e.g. competing governance, panarchism or polyarchism. – JZ, 6.8.13. - COOPERATION, VOLUNTARISM, FREEDOM - ECONOMY - PARTNERSHIP

FREE MARKET: the unfettered market is a great problem solver and conflict avoider.” - D. Shapiro, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 3/79, 22. - So why do so few demand that exterritorially autonomous communities, freely, peacefully and tolerantly competing with each other, take over the role of the territorial warfare States, introducing free competition in the spheres of political, economic and social systems as well? - JZ, 12.6.00. – CONFLICTS, WARS, PANARCHISM, PEACE, Q., WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, COMPETITION IN ALL SPHERE FOR ALL PRODUCTIVE OR SELF-RESPONSIBLE ACTIVITES

FREE MARKET: There is no other possibility than either the order governed by the impersonal discipline of the market or that directed by the will of a few individuals.” – F. A. Hayek, The Road to Serfdom, p.199. VS. LICENCES, REGULATIONS, BOARDS, QUANGOS, LAWS

FREE MARKET: They do understand one thing perfectly, however: that the greatest threat to their power is a free market economy, which sets stringent limits on the State. A significant move to free the market would decimate the "New Despotism," and the ruling group would try to destroy any politician who proposed such a course. The powerful political intelligentsia that determines the trends in social democratic nations today is as stubborn and ruthless a ruling elite as any in history and worse than many because it is possessed of delusions of moral grandeur.” - Simon, A Time for Truth, p.216. - Individual secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities could do even more to reduce the power of territorial States. - JZ, 15.6.00. – It would even set free all the factions that exist in all the present majoritarian parties, to do their own things among their own volunteers. Thus it could gain much political support from these people. There are xyz forms of statism as well, and territorialism with its monopolism restricts their choices for their supporters as well. To each also the government of his dreams or choice! – JZ, 6.8.13. - RULERS, POLITICIANS, POWER, DEMOCRACY, STATE, ELITES

FREE MARKET: Thinking of ourselves as if we were a free people leads us mistakenly to conclude that our present hodgepodge of intervention is a manifestation of the free market. Consequently, we imagine that a free and self-responsible people would behave no better than do the majority of us today.” - Leonard E. Read, Meditations on Freedom, p.21.

FREE MARKET: To counter the claims of the "non-domesticated barbarians" Hayek defends the concept that the working of the truly free market, the result of Smith's much maligned "invisible hand", ought to be considered as the just one. THE MARKET IS NOT ONLY MORE EFFICIENT THAN SOCIALIST PLANNING, BUT MORE MORAL, IN FACT, THE ONLY MORAL METHOD OF REMUNERATION.” - David Hart, in reviewing F. A. Hayek's Social Justice, Socialism & Democracy. - MORALITY & EFFICIENCY

FREE MARKET: To interfere with the freedom of the market is to interfere with the freedom of the individual to use his own mind and body for goals which he himself sets.” - Jarret B. Wollstein, Society Without Coercion, p.7. - INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM

FREE MARKET: True free-market capitalism, capitalism free of state intervention, prohibitions, subsidies, and protectionism, means economical prosperity and freedom for all. Indeed, the free market is the only system which enables consumers rather than bureaucrats to determine what is produced and at what price.” - Don Isenberger. - CAPITALISM

FREE MARKET: Truth, in its struggles for recognition, passes through four distinct stages. First, we say it is damnable, dangerous, disorderly, and will surely disrupt society. Second, we declare it is heretical, infidelic and contrary to the Bible. Third, we say it is really a matter of no importance either one way or the other. Fourth, we aver that we have always upheld it and believed it.” – Elbert Hubbard (1856-1915), Roycroft Dictionary and Book of Epigrams, 1923. – A FREE MARKET FOR IDEAS, DOES IT EXIST ALREADY? IDEAS ARCHIVE, TRUTH

FREE MARKET: We are a free-market nation, though the electors and the elected sometimes forget it.” - P. J. O’Rourke, Eat the Rich, A Treatise on Economics, Picador, 1998, p.237. – They forget or overlook it altogether, all too often and all too extensively. And if we really had free markets in every respect, then we would soon see that territorial voting, politicians, the laws and institutions of politicians are really superfluous, wrongful and harmful and that they can be rightfully and effectively replaced by personal laws and voluntary institutions and genuine representatives, whenever one would really need one. – JZ, 24.9.07, 6.8.13. – Sometimes even libertarians like him still forget how un-free they are in the U.S.A., although one must admit, usually still more un-free in all too many other countries. – JZ, 12.12.08. - VOTING & REPRESENTATIVES

FREE MARKET: We are free to the extent that all possible, desirable and rightful markets are free. – Trade e.g. in slaves or nuclear “weapons” does hardly indicate a free market. – The free market embraces numerous other special free markets, many of them not yet sufficiently realized. - JZ, 14.3.13. - FREE EXCHANGE, VOLUNTARISM, FREE TRADE, PROPERTY, FREE MIGRATION, VOLUNTARISM, FREE PRICING, FREEDOM OF CONTRACTS, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, PANARCHISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, NEW DRAFT

FREE MARKET: We believe that a totally free market will maximize both quality and quantity of life, and that most, if not all, of the evils of the past and present were made possible not by a free market but by a lack of one.” – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.213.

FREE MARKET: We who live in free market societies believe that growth, prosperity and ultimately human fulfilment, are created from the bottom up, not the government down.” - Ronald Reagan. - Only practising panarchists could rightly say that they are living in free market societies. All territorial States are rigged societies, monopolistic and coercive ones, with compulsory membership or subjects and uniform laws and institutions forced upon all in their territories. - Libertarians should try to mutually correct their statements at every opportunity to reduce the existing confusions. - JZ, 1.7.00. - SOCIETIES, INDIVIDUALISM VS. GOVERNMENTALISM

FREE MARKET: When and where were the market and capitalism - or other choices, which individuals or minority groups want to make for themselves, QUITE UNFETTERED? – JZ, 18.11.11, 6,8.13, commenting on Facebook on: Higher Loan Limits for FHA, Amid Higher Risk? - They are almost always attacked as if they were already fully realized, e.g. regarding money, value standards, prices, rents, interest rates, wage rates. – JZ, 9.1.13. - LAISSEZ FAIRE ECONOMICS, FREE ENTERPRISE CAPITALISM, FREE TRADE, Q.:

FREE MARKET: When the market is free, the consumers wear the badge of authority.” - Bertel M. Sparks, Caveat Emptor: The Consumer's Badge of Authority, THE FREEMAN, June 75. - Full freedom for individuals and a fully free market require that consumer sovereignty be extended from that over ordinary goods and services to those so far pre-empted and monopolized by territorial governments with collective sovereignty, uniform laws for all in a territory, exclusive jurisdiction, protection, defence and international relation powers or to the voluntary associations subscribing to such service offers by anyone. - JZ, 15.6.00. - CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY

FREE MARKET: when the natural free market forces cannot operate because of legislative restrictions, dislocations in the market cease to act as signals of trouble, and become instead institutionalized transmitters of trouble.” – John Singleton, with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.32.

FREE MEDIA: Free Media & Free Markets.” - Dangerous Buttons, No. 239. - Free Markets in media, ALL media, alternative ones included, especially the very cheap and efficient ones, and then a free market in every sphere, largely through the optimal use of these media. - JZ, 5.7.86 & 26.6.00, 14.3.13. - & FREE MARKETS, ALTERNATIVE MEDIA



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