John Zube


Quotes, Notes, Comments & Slogans
for Individual Liberty & Rights
against Popular Statist Errors & Prejudices

Index - J




JAPAN: Dear Mr. Vance, the main problem of Japan and all other countries, or, rather, their populations and their governments is that they are territorially organized and motivated - without considering how the alternative to territorialism, namely exterritorial autonomy for all communities, societies and governance systems or full experimental freedom in every sphere - or consistent voluntarism - instead of the monopolism of all territorial governments, or full freedom of contract and association, including individual and group secessionism - would greatly affect the problems which territorial regimes now make for each other, their countries and their populations. All people, who remain blind to this alternative, will remain blind to the rightful solutions that are inherent in this alternative. - It is somewhat described by various writers, especially at  and - Alas, I can't send you the time, interest and energy to browse through these sites. - Fichte, Spencer and Molinari came close to this solution, P. E. de Puydt described it more clearly and since then quite a few writers have made a case for it. Maybe you will come to find it interesting as well. – JZ, in response to Laurance M. Vance, FFF Commentaries, 14.11.12: The Japan Problem. – I should have referred also to the ancient personal law tradition, fractionally continued even in our time. – JZ, 15.11.12. – JAPAN PROBLEM

JAPAN: Did You Know: The real reasons Japan has a low crime rate: Japanese police routinely search citizens at will and twice a year pay "home visits" to citizens' residences. –  After arrest a suspect may be detained without bail for up to 28 days before a prosecutor must bring him before a judge.” - Secrets of the Sentient - CRIME RATE

JAPAN: Did You Know: The real reasons Japan has a low crime rate: Suspect confession rate in Japan is 95%. – Suspects who insist on standing trial have no right to a jury. - Japanese trial conviction rate is 99.91% - Amnesty International has called the Japanese police custody system a "flagrant violation of United Nations human right principles." - Secrets of the Sentient. -  CRIME RATE

JAPAN: Did You Know: The real reasons Japan has a low crime rate: - The Tokyo Bar Association has states that Japanese police routinely "engage in torture or illegal treatment. Even in cases where suspects claimed to have been tortured and their bodies bore physical traces to back their claims, courts have still accepted their confessions." - Secrets of the Sentient. - CRIME RATE

JAPAN: Without any extensive and expensive "defence preparedness" Japanese people saved much since 1945. How many dollars per head did the average Japanese save, per annum, or per decade, from 1945 - 1995, by not being forced to contribute to any significant Japanese "defence" preparations? That is one part-explanation for the economic "miracle" of Japan since WW II. - JZ, 24.10.95, 27.10.02. - ECONOMIC MIRACLE, TAX BURDEN OF MILITARISM, DEVELOPMENT

JEALOUSY: A competent and self-confident person is incapable of jealousy in anything. Jealousy is invariably a symptom of neurotic insecurity.” - Robert Heinlein, Lazarus Long.

JEALOUSY: He was one of those fidelity fanatics. His jealousy amounted to a mania - the usual disease induced by the unnatural state of monogamy. … It's the insistence on 'rights' that wrecks marriages. This devastating possessiveness men and women drag into their relationships with each other. As though anybody can ever hope to hold the sole copyright in anyone else!” - Ethel Mannin, Crescendo, 1928-1937, p.56/57. - MARRIAGE, MONOGAMY, FIDELITY, SEXUAL FREEDOM & SELF-OWNERSHIP & COPYRIGHT FOR CHILDREN

JEALOUSY: In jealousy there is more self-love than love.” - La Rochefoucauld. - Another version: “There's more self-love in jealousy than love.” - La Rochefoucauld, Reflexionen & moralische Sentenzen, p.39. - If your beloved has found a better love with someone else than with you, you should be happy for her or him and let them go! And if you feel superior to his or her new love then, maybe, you put up the image of your beloved too high and should say then: good riddance of him or her, since they weren't really what you believed them to be. - You don't own people. Let them go if they want to. If there are children, come to a sensible agreement that respects the right of children to have access to both parents. - JZ, 30.4.00. –- LOVE & INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

JERUSALEM: In its long and war-torn history is one of classical cases demonstrating the wrongfulness and irrationality of territorialism. – JZ, 18. & 23.2.12. – Beirut’s recent civil war history offers another outstanding example. – JZ, 13.4.12. - TERRITORIALISM

JESUS CHRIST: And the day will come, when the mystical generation of Jesus, by the Supreme Being as His Father, in the womb of a virgin, will be classed with the fable of the generation of Minerva, in the brain of Jupiter.” - Thomas Jefferson. - CHRISTIANITY

JESUS CHRIST: Every newborn Child a Jesus Christ: with the right to demand that we do not place it in a hell full of war, civil war, terrorism, crime, inflation, deflation, despotism, mass murder devices, pollution, etc., i.e., the right to demand that we clean up our act - and respect all its individual rights and liberties, as well as those of all other people. - JZ, 4.11.94, 10.5.13. – NEWBORN BABIES, CHILDREN’S RIGHTS

JESUS CHRIST: He was … what we call an artist and a Bohemian in His manner of Life.” – G. B. Shaw, quoted in H. L. Mencken, Prejudices, First Series, p.187.

JESUS CHRIST: I didn’t think anyone would mind (in San Francisco) when I pointed out that the available evidence tended to indicate that Jesus was gay. – But there were cries of rage from two groups: a) gays; b) non-gays. I was lucky to get out of town.” – Robert Heinlein, To Sail Beyond the Sunset, p.208. - JESUS CHRIST A HOMOSEXUAL?

JESUS CHRIST: Jesus became a sort of honorary non-Jew. Even a sort of pagan God – resurrected from the dead in a completely un-Jewish way.” – Ian Watson, Oracle, p.136/137. – Christian antisemitism, still wide-spread, is a uniquely illogical development. But only one of the absurdities of the various faiths that call themselves Christian ones. – JZ, 11.9.07. - CHRISTIANITY & JEWS

JESUS CHRIST: Many people have looked upon Jesus as a true theist, whose religion has been by degrees corrupted. Indeed in the books which contain the law which is attributed to him, there is no mention either of worship, or of priests, or of sacrifices, or of sufferings, or of the greater part of the doctrines of actual Christianity, which has become the most prejudicial of all the superstitions of the earth.” - Denis Diderot (1713-1784), Footnote to d'Holbach's The System of Nature (1770). - CHRISTIANITY, RELIGION, CHURCHES, FAITH, BELIEF, BIBLE, WORSHIP, PRIESTS

JESUS CHRIST: On the Jesus "miracle" of feeding 5,000 people with 5 loaves and fishes: Travel was slow and eateries rare, so people usually traveled taking their own food supplies along, just like picknickers and back packers do today. Just in case, they probably took along more than was really needed for the expected duration. When Jesus, in the center of the meeting, offered to share his few staples, he simply set and example and gave a signal. Possibly uttered a few suitable words, too. But it was hardly necessary to "ring a dinner bell" after a long sermon. Most others pooled their food resources likewise and thus there was enough and more than enough for all of them. Most likely much food was left over, just as happens now in many parties, to which people bring some food and drinks. No miracle. Just a custom, tradition and necessity. - JZ, 15.4.89, 28.10.02. - MIRACLES, CHRISTIANITY, BIBLICAL MYTHS

JESUS CHRIST: Reason was the only divine word for Lichtenberg. Even as a schoolboy in Darmstadt he had never been able to persuade himself that Jesus Christ was the Son of God, and later it seemed to him that the belief in the divinity of Christ was preposterous. “Do you believe that thorny hedges have borne oranges? No. Good, and you believe that there have been men who were God’s son? Yes. O merciful God, how low can your gift of reason sink! What a poor instrument reason is!” – Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, quoted in: Carl Brinitzer, A Reasonable Rebel, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, The Macmillan Company, New York, 1960, p. 147. -JESUS CHRIST THE SON OF GOD? CHRISTIANITY & REASON:

JESUS CHRIST: The thing I have always had trouble understanding about that ... is that God choose such an inefficient away of spreading this vital piece of information. I mean, there's Jesus Christ plonked down in a primitive society without even a phone system. Here's this guy with this incredibly important message - you can only be saved if you believe in Me as the son of God - and then the only way He can spread this message is on foot. Not much help to those who would have loved to be saved but who died of natural causes before the vital message reached their village ... Not exactly very fair on them, is it?” - John Brosnan, The Opoponax Invasion, p.187.

JESUS: There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man. – Jesus - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. -  Can his body and mind not be defiled by any poison, including at least excess smoking of weeds and drinking alcoholic or otherwise poisoned liquids, by smoke inhalation or drowning, by bacteria or viruses that enter it and is he defiling himself when he is bleeding a bit, loses a finger, is sweating, weeping, spitting (in an appropriate space), wiping his nose, or excreting the remnants of his food intake or when he his making love and ejaculates? – I suspect that this is not what he really said for he was neither a fool nor without common sense. – Most of what he has really said has, probably, not come upon us. All his remarks in the Bible come only to about 33 hours of speaking, according to my friend Ulrich von Beckerath, a mathematician and statistician. Jesus Christ kept no diary or lecture notes and his supposed father was unreliable in dictating or note-taking, keeping records and accurately preserving and publishing them. - JZ, 24.3.12. –RELIGIOUS DOGMAS, CHRISTIANITY, BIBLE, HOLY BOOKS, GOD, CHRIST

JEWS: A people uncontaminated by the New Testament, but who, unfortunately, have not escaped the attentions of those who are.” - Chaz Bufe, THE AMERICAN HERETIC'S DICTIONARY, 34. – Christian anti-Semites manage to forget that Christ was also a Jew. – Unfortunately, they, too, although among the most intelligent people on Earth, still subscribe, in most cases, to territorialism and collective responsibility notions and practices. - JZ, 20.9.13. - CHRISTIANITY, INTOLERANCE, ANTISEMITISM, ISRAEL, PALESTINE

JEWS: Anti-Semitism is the Socialism of fools.” - August Bebel, Antisemitismus und Sozialdemokratie, October 27, 1893. - JUDAISM, ISRAEL, RACISM, RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE, PREJUDICES

JEWS: Antisemites say in essence: Since we cannot attain to the intelligence and achievements of a Jew, let us to avenge ourselves by abusing him. – August Bebel said: "Anti-Semitism is the socialism of fools." - I would rather say: Anti-Semitism is a form of confiscatory and murderous socialism, based on envy and held by fools and under-achievers. - JZ, 6.4.99. – Even the Nazis, with their pretended special racial knowledge, could not distinguish between Jews and Germans and so they forced all German Jews to wear a special sign on their clothing, in public, thereby turning them into government-sanctioned hate-objects and scapegoats. – At least in my home-town, Berlin, there were enough decent people around to save the lives of 5,000 Jews. Many more than 5000 Berliners must have been involved in this, although they did risk their lives in the process. - JZ, 15.1.09. - ANTI-SEMITISM

JEWS: He who steals from a non-Jew is bound to make restitution to the non-Jew; it is worse than to steal from a non-Jew than to steal from an Israelite because of the profanation of the Name.” - T. J. Baba Kamma, 10:15. – “To cheat a Gentile is even worse than cheating a Jew, for besides being a violation of the moral law, it brings Israel's religion into contempt, and desecrates the name of Israel's God.” - Baba Kamma, 113b. - Do other religions contain such exhortations in favor of foreigners? - JZ, 25.6.92. - HONESTY, FRAUD, JUDAISM

JEWS: How odd of God to choose the Jews.” – William Norman Ewer, 1885-1976, Week-End Book, 1924. – The myth of the chosen people is not confined to Jews. Its equivalent can be found in almost all ethnic, racial, ideological and religious groups. – JZ, 10.5.13. - GOD, NATIONALISM, RACISM, THE MYTH OF THE CHOSEN PEOPLE.

JEWS: It is to Jews that we owe the advantages of international finance. … A people without a country have escaped some of the limitations of nationalism, and a Jew will trust a Jew more readily than a Frenchman and Englishman or an Italian a Spaniard. The Jews may be said to constitute a special sort of League of Nations of their own, resting not upon paper formulae but on the firmer foundation of a natural ability to understand and trust one another. We need go back little more than a century to find families of Jews, not only the great houses whose names are household words, but many thousands of unknown Jewish families spread all over the world, serving the manufacturers and traders of the world by reason of the credit or confidence which was and still is their special contribution to progress.” - Ernest Benn, Debt, 12.4.30. - NATIONALISM, COSMOPOLITANISM, INTERNATIONALISM, EXTERRITORIALITY, PANARCHISM, WORLD FEDERATION, UNITED NATIONS, FREE TRADE, INTERNATIONAL FINANCE

JEWS: Jesus Christ was a Jew - so how, by Christ, can Christians manage to be antisemites? And yet all too many do. - JZ, 25.4.00. - ANTISEMITISM & CHRISTIANITY, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, Q.

JEWS: JEWISH AUTONOMY, LITHUANIA: Scepter of Judah: the Jewish autonomy in the eighteenth-century  - by Judith Kalik & Yehudit Kalik, - › Business & Economics › - Taxation › General -‪Judith Kalik, ‪Yehudit ali - 0 Reviews - Brill‬, ‪15/09/2009‬ - ‪404 pages‬ - Polish-Lithuanian Jewry was the center of the early modern Jewish world, and the most outstanding symbol of its glory was the famous Jewish autonomy. In spite of the considerable attention that scholars have paid to the Council of the Four Lands, surprisingly little information was available from the Jewish autonomous institutions in the Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth. This changed, however, with the discovery of the complete corpus of Jewish poll-tax lists from 1717-1764. The present book is based upon the analysis of these new sources, which supply a diachronic dimension, about half a century in duration, to systematic data about the Jewish population in Poland. It provides the full statistical information in the form of tables and is supplemented with a series of maps. - No eBook available. - $311.80 [A case of legalized exploitation via copyrights claims! – JZ, 23.2.13.]

JEWS: JEWS AMONG NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS: Jews are not even 1 percent of the world’s population and only 3 percent of the U.S. population, but they are 20 percent of the world’s Nobel Prize winners and 39 percent of American Nobel winners. That’s a gross statistical disparity. Is the Nobel committee discriminating in favor of Jews, or are Jews engaging in an educational conspiracy against the rest of us?  By the way, during Germany’s Weimar Republic, Jews were only 1 percent of the German population, but they were 10 percent of the country’s doctors and dentists, 17 percent of its lawyers, and a large percentage of its scientific community. Jews won 27 percent of Nobel Prizes won by Germans. – Walter E. Williams, THE FREEMAN, Nov. 12. - Facebook, 9.11.12. – Is anti-Semitism, like jealousy, also based upon envy towards the more intelligent, competitive and successful people? – JZ, 9.11.12. – Q.

JEWS: Jews are Arabs that believe in an older religion. - JZ, 25.8.93. – How many Islamic sects are there and how many Jewish ones? Is there any racial distinction between Jews and Arabs? - ARABS, JUDAISM, ISLAM, RACISM, OR RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE?

JEWS: That Jews assumed a right exclusively to the benefits of God will be a lasting witness against them and the same will it be against Christians.” - William Blake. - Neither Jews nor Christians have a monopoly on the myth of the chosen people. - JZ, 30.6.00. - CHRISTIANS & OTHER "CHOSEN PEOPLE"

JEWS: The Jews are a race apart. They have made laws according to their own fashion and keep them.” - Celsus: A True Discourse, c.178. - They are personal laws and chosen laws - for one can secede from their communities. - JZ, 10.7.86. - Self-chosen laws are much more likely to be kept. - JZ, 28.10.02. – They are much more a group of various religious beliefs and community traditions held together by a common history and literature than a separate race. Just like Englishmen, North Americans, Spaniards, Italians, Germans, Australians, New Zealanders, Frenchmen and Irishmen are not each a different race but just somewhat different mixtures of different but related tribes. – JZ, 15.1.09, 10.5.13. - PERSONAL LAW, AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM

JEWS: There is no greater compliment to the Jews than the fact that the degree of their unpopularity is always the scientific measure of the cruelty and silliness of the regime under which they live.” - Sinclair Lewis. - ANTI-SEMITISM

JEWS: Whoever renounces idol worship may be called a Jew.” - Megillah, p.132. - Not every Deist, Atheist, Agnostic, Rationalist, Humanist is a Jew. - JZ, 28.10.02. – According to one of the latest emails I received, there are now ca. 35,000 different organized religious faiths on earth. Surely, the law of diminishing returns must apply to them as well, unless they have something really ethical or otherwise valuable to offer? I haven’t come across any that appealed to me in this way and do not expect that I ever will. – JZ, 15.1.09. - IDOL WORSHIP, RELIGION, ATHEISM, RELIGIONS, SECTS

JOB CREATION: 114,000 new jobs isn't even enough to keep up with population growth, so how could it cause unemployment to go down? Truth is it can't. What is more likely is that more people have dropped out of the labor pool (have stopped looking for work) and/or have gone back to school (fall semester started last month). No conspiracy theory here, just illustrating how underreporting is possible. - The Bastiat Society - John Zube : Money seen as a clearing certificate, issued and used to facilitate free exchanges, is always the recognition of a debt and the readiness to clear off this debt with one's goods, services or labor. If provided as a loan, it should be considered to be pre-done and productive labor, which is also entitled to a fair return, corresponding to market prices for such a service. The debt repayment obligation itself, if short-term, enforces the reflux to the issuer and thereby keeps it at par with its nominal value. If it were issued for medium or long-term loans, then the reflux of it, in debt repayments to the issuer would not be strong enough to keep it at par. Nor would the issuer then have always the sufficient goods and services to offer or credits, due to be repaid, to redeem with them all the notes so issued. Loans on medium and long-terms should, therefore, be made only from savings, not through additional note issues, which require "shop foundation", "tax foundation" or "contribution foundation", “readiness to accept” or “clearing foundation”. A "cover" through government debt certificates (investments in tax slaves) was always wrong and irrelevant, as well as insufficient, in spite of the governmental "guaranty" involved, especially if the notes issued are a forced currency (legal tender with compulsory acceptance and a forced value), i.e. a step toward inflation. All the flawed statements on money should be combined in a digitized reference work and confronted with their best refutations. A step in this direction is offered in my free banking A to Z at Others will have to complete this job. – Facebook, 6.10.12. – How many job seekers and “job creators”, including employers, have ever seriously considered and explored the monetary and financial freedom alternatives? – There are almost as many flawed monetary and financial utopias as there are religious ones. Full monetary and financial freedom for all their volunteers is required to sort out this mess. – Persuasion attempts alone and textual scholarship will not do it on their own. - JZ, 10.5.13. - FULL EMPLOYMENT VS. UNEMPLOYMENT, MACHINES, AUTOMATION, DEMAND FOR MORE & MORE CONSUMER GOODS & SERVICES MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING, UNEMPLOYENBT, FREE CLEARING, MONETARY &  FINANCIAL FREEDOM, FREE EXCHANGE, SHOP FOUNDATION CURRENCIES, ACCEPTANCE FOUNDATION, DEBT-FOUNDATION, FREE MARKET MONIES, TURNOVER-CREDTS AS OPPOSED TO CAPITAL CREDITS FOR MEDIUM OR LONG TERMS, PUBLIC DEBTS, TAX FOUNDATION, LEGAL TENDER, INFLATION, MAKE-WORK SCHEMES, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, PUBLIC WORKS PROJECTS

JOB LEVY: All job levy attempts are conceptually wrong. The money levied does already provide jobs, the natural way. Those jobs are provided which the consumers want. These jobs are destroyed by the job levy. Moreover, these jobs are productive and self-supporting jobs, in which the employed really earn their way and please voluntary buyers of their goods and services. By taking these funds from these channels, the job levy first destroys job opportunities. Then it provides, some jobs, indeed, but often only unproductive bureaucratic jobs and other more or less unproductive jobs, all by people mostly unwilling to work hard in them and make them their career. It is another form of pyramid building. In balance more jobs and more productive efforts are destroyed thereby than are provided. Good intentions and misleading terms are not a substitute for rightful and positive actions. The term merely expresses the all too wide-spread fallacy that money spent by governments does provide jobs and that the same money, if left in private hands and spent by them, does not. Bureaucrats and politicians do not and cannot "create" productive jobs, not even at your expense. They destroy jobs and severely burden the remaining jobs. But they do manage to get themselves fat cat jobs at your expense. I would not call that a creative action. - JZ, 17.12.93. 23.8.95, 25.5.97, 10.5.13. - All that has been said about job levies does also apply to unemployment "insurance". Unemployment, being caused by government intervention, is not an insurable list.  Interventionism and its harmful consequences can rise to almost any degree. Only the abolition of interventionism with production and exchange can end the unemployment and other troubles that it causes. - JZ, 17.9.02, 20.9.13. – MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, INSTEAD OF FURTHER GOVERMENTAL MEDDLING, FREE MARKET MONIES, FREE BANKING

JOB LEVY: Any funds forcefully levied by a governments and then distributed by it under the pretence that it would thereby provide extra jobs, will tend to provide less jobs and less productive jobs than would have been provided if the funds had remained in the hands who rightfully earned or owned them and who are the only ones entitled to invest them. Nevertheless, tax- and public works proposals are going on and on, mistaking the intention or even the name for the results and ignoring the other side of the coin. - JZ, 22.11.93, 10.5.13.

JOB LEVY: If $ 3 billion could be taken from the remaining employed, without thereby creating new unemployment, then why not 30 billion or 300 billion? Actually, the tax levy or penalty - on the remaining jobs - could be made so large that no one could be employed any longer. However, already any tax on employment, no matter how small, tends to destroy jobs or prevents new jobs from coming into existence. Any job levy or other tax is a penalty upon employment and renders labor to that extent uneconomical. These wrongs and damages are not balanced out by a few more jobs for bureaucrats and other subsidized, i.e. not self-supporting jobs. - JZ, 14.12.97, 25.5.97. – TAXATION, NEGATIVE INCENTIVES, PENALTIES UPON EMPLOYERS & EMPLOYED

JOB LEVY: In Australia, some time ago, a job levy of $ 3 billion was proposed. As usual, at the expense of the tax-payers, as a result of further public debt or as a result of further inflation of the State paper money of the Reserve bank. In all these forms purchasing power and job opportunities would simply be shifted but with the disadvantage that the thus expropriated would, to that extent, not be able to finance with their money wanted and productive jobs. Instead, the bureaucrats would buy with these funds, raised by the tax tribute levies or the inflation tax, less wanted and less productive jobs, in new pyramid building efforts. These would be showcases for people to gawk at and builders to boast about but with only a few comprehending all their costs in lost opportunities or their destructiveness of property rights, jobs and liberties. If, instead of this $ 3 billion job levy, the government would have declared that the retailers of Australia and all its other service providers would between them be set at liberty to issue, $ 30 billion worth of shop currency, at any time, if only they could manage, by their readiness to accept it, to keep it at par with its stated sound value standard (that would exclude the paper "standard" of the government's Reserve Bank), then it would have no objection. On the contrary, the government should invite the retailers to make short term loans with these notes to all potential employers for the employment of additional employees, paid only in this kind of private or cooperative money, at market rates or, perhaps, even at a slight increase to make them more ready to accept such alternative local currency in wage and salary payments. Assuming that there are 10 million employed in Australia, all at an average weekly wage, this would require a weekly wage bill of ca. $ 5 billion. Assuming 1 million unemployed in Australia, their additional wage bill, if employed, would come only to $ 500 million a week. Much more exists in ready for sale goods and services for shop foundation money. But, naturally, no more should be issued than could be spent for ready for sale goods and services, and upon the immediate payment for productive jobs, that would continuously replace goods currently consumed and keep up currently wanted services. Woolworth department stores on their own have a turnover of ca. $ 10-15 billion p.a., let us say 1 billion per month and for Coles/Meyer the figures are similar. (By 2002 both have turnovers of around A $20 - 25 billion, p.a.) The total turnover of retailers in Australia is very roughly estimated by me to come to somewhere between $ 150 & 250 billion p.a. It may actually be much higher. And that would only be the basis for shop-foundation currencies, not for all the other monetary freedom options. I am waiting for someone, like a national retailers association, to provide me and all other Australians with more correct figures. But for the time being these hints may have to do. Under easy sales for goods and services, the total weekly and annual turnovers could soon become much larger. Shop currency issues would not have to be the equivalents to annual turnovers but at most only to weekly to quarterly turnovers. The same amounts, in different issues, could be issued over and over again and increased to the extent that the shop foundation - or other foundation - would be increased and that more sound currency would be wanted in circulation - or its equivalents in deposits, cheques, credit card arrangements etc. The government's one-off job levy of $ 3 billion and the spending of this money over a period, would be quite puny, even if it had only positive and no negative effects at all - something that is certainly not the case. - JZ, n.d. & 24.5.97, 10.5.13, 20.9.13.

JOB LEVY: Just because a tax, payable in exclusive and forced currency, is called a "job levy" and there may be every honest intention to spend the money so taxed only upon the "creation" of new jobs or their financing, does not mean that its levying and its spending will not destroy existing jobs or prevent them from coming into existence or from being maintained. Essentially only a TRANSFER is involved of potential wage payment means, from one group of workers to another. In balance only the bureaucratic jobs might become further increased in the process, and this only by impoverishing all people working in productive jobs. Make-work schemes rarely support their costs, far less are they profitable, as a rule. They are no substitutes for market supplied and needed jobs, paid for by the exchange media and in the value standards of monetary freedom. - JZ, 14.12.93, 1.5.97, 20.9.13.

JOB LEVY: Lift the job levy high enough - and you won't have any jobs left to levy anything on. - JZ, 28.11.93, 24.5.97.

JOB OWNERSHIP: Only a coop member owns his job, unless or until boycotting customers of the coop fire him, indirectly. – JZ, 24.10.03. – When the shares of a company are, largely, in the hands of its employees then they own their jobs as well. – JZ, 6.1.09. - JOB SECURITY, PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, SELF-MANAGEMENT, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS

JOB PROTECTION: Protecting jobs is a bad idea. - If you protect a job you attack the consumer. - Legislation to protect labor is merely a recipe for poverty.” – Prof. Jan Narveson, 25.7.04. – “Social justice” is undemocratic and anti-social towards the consumers.” – JZ, 6.1.09. - LABOR LAWS, LABOR PRIVILEGES, UNIONS, CONSUMER SOVERREIGNTY – IN EVERY SPHERE!

JOBS: Are jobs obsolete? - - As if the monopoly post offices existed for the benefit of their workers or their customers! - With email we are already close to teleporting our letters: If we could do so merely by an act of will, should we subsidize all present postal workers indefinitely, doing nothing, or should we demand that they take up productive work, which we, as sovereign consumers, would be willing to pay for, preferably with our own kind or self-chosen competing currency? – JZ, 13.9.11. – While some old jobs are becoming obsolete, some new jobs are ever increasing. E.g., cloth handkerchiefs have become obsolete – but are we short of tissues in great varieties? Pens and fountain pens are largely obsolete – but we got a multitude of different and powerful keyboards. How many different kinds of jobs are there now, compared with those of about a century ago? Maybe half a million against a prior 5,000? And these new jobs require more and more people to fill them. They will just have to learn new skills and move closer to their new jobs. At most, our working time to support ourselves - and our families - will become shortened with the help of good tools, machines, automatons and robots. – JZ, 9.10.12, 14.1.13. – That would certainly be no reason to complain, especially when the ownership of such equipment is not monopolized. – JZ, 20.9.13. - UNEMPLOYMENT, NEW JOBS, MACHINES, ROBOTS, AUTOMATIONS, Q.

JOBS: Jobs for immigrants? When the "white" man came to Australia, there was not a single paying job waiting for him. We created the millions of jobs existing now. So could the modern immigrants, if free to do so. - JZ, 20.8.95. - When Australia was first settled by white immigrants, the new settlers were hindered by many less laws restricting job opportunities, free enterprise and free exchange than Australian "democratic" institutions have imposed since. - I know of no systematic survey of all the laws of all nations, which do, legally block free production and free exchange, cause unemployment, bankruptcies, inflations, deflations, stagflation and all too much poverty. The ruling caste of lawyers, in their economic ignorance and prejudices, rather passes still more wrongful and harmful laws - and interprets them to its advantage, than repeal all of the wrongful and harmful ones, without adding new ones. - JZ, 27.10.02. - EMPLOYMENT, IMMIGRATION, LAWS, UNEMPLOYMENT, LAW REPEAL, LEGISLATION, PARLIAMENTS, JUDGES, LAWYERS

JOBS: Jobs performance hits 20-year low. Losses outweigh gains. – BY PETER MARTIN, economics correspondent, in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 20.1.12. – “A SURPRISE decision by retailers to shy away from the usual Christmas practice of hiring extra workers has given Australia the worst jobs performance in two decades, sparking talk of two more interest rate cuts within months.” – IF a single worker only COULD produce or supply all the consumer goods and services needed by Australians, also the capital goods, could maintain the latter or renew them and could also distribute them all over Australia, then the “jobs performance” in Australia would be enormously INCREASED. That we managed to do the jobs with less people than before was not a failure! Only the full employment policy failed. Involuntary unemployment remained and with it a lower standard of living than could be achieved if all able and willing to work were productively employed. – The language of journalists does often more misinform than inform. – Full monetary and financial freedom alternatives, as usual, were not mentioned at all. - JZ, 10.2.12 & 12.10.12, 20.9.13. - MISLEADING LANGUAGE USE OF JOURNALISTS, EMPLOYMENT, “JOBS PERFORMANCE” & UNEMPLOYMENT, FULL EMPLOYMENT SEEN AS A PURPOSE IN ITSELF

JOBS: Politicians cannot create jobs or wealth. Such is axiomatic to straight thinkers." - Greg Perry – But they can destroy jobs and impoverish people. – JZ, 2.9.12. - UNEMPLOYMENT, WEALTH, RICHES

JOBS: Unshackle The Job Creators - - - Mark Steyn. – It is NOT lack of CAPITAL that causes most of the involuntary mass unemployment, but, rather, lack of SOUND EXCHANGE media, i.e., of FREE MARKET MONEY of ALL kinds. For, roughly, the same volume of total capital existed before and after periods of mass unemployment. Is that obvious only to me? Naturally, if we had already perfect clearing, using sound value standards, then physical exchange media would not be needed at all. But both sound alternatives are largely outlawed, while monetary and financial despotism remain legalized. – JZ, 20.7.11, on Facebook. - & FULL EMPLOYMENT VS. GOVERNMENT MADE MASS UNEMPLOYMENT, LACK OF CAPITAL? RATER LACK OF SOUND & SECURE PRIVATE INVESTMENT OPTONS UNDER TERRITORIAL LEGISLATION, TAXATION, INFLATION, MONETARY DESPOTISM, INSTEAD OF FULL MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM.

JOKES: Have you heard of libertarian salad? It's called: "lettuce alone!" - Quoted by Advocates for Self-Government, 9/95. - Freedom is not joking matter but that does not mean that we should not collect and publish jokes directed against the enemies of rights and liberties and promoting thinking about rights and liberties. All pro-freedom jokes would probably still not fill a single CD. - JZ, 26.1.02. - About half a MB of libertarian jokes are online as part of my SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY compilation. Since then I have compiled over 400 Kbs of more such jokes. - There are so many and varied joke collections around, in book-form. Why is there, so far, only one libertarian book of this kind around, the Libertarian Lympoon, a small brochure? – And it is not even on line yet, according to a Google search today! – JZ, 16.1.09. Nevertheless, a start could and should be made. A website or email address could become a collection point for this purpose. – JZ, 15.1.09. If only libertarians collaborated, especially those, who put already jokes on their websites, blogs and Facebook entries, a comprehensive and attractive handbook on them, digitized, alphabetized and cross-referenced, could be put online or on disc and it could become a great help in the libertarian enlightenment efforts. Will libertarians ever sufficiently collaborate? This and many other libertarian significant omissions are no joke. I described many of them in my digital NEW DRAFT book manuscript, not yet online but seeking such a placement by anyone. – JZ, 10.4.13. – My file comes, presently, in my computer, to 2.8 MBs, in 128  pages and 1334 paragraphs. Anyone who intends to submit to me more libertarian jokes of the kind I collect and intend to publish, can get in response from me a shortened earlier version, which still fits into an email attachment, so that he or she does not send me files that would not fit into this collection. – By now there are already quite a few websites offering some libertarian jokes. But most of them are not of the kind that I am looking for. - What I want is to make people laugh so that they’ll see things seriously.” – William K. Zinsser. - JZ, 20.9.13. - LIBERTARIAN JOKE BOOK, CD OR WEBSITE, LIBERTY, RIGHTS, JUSTICE, HUMOR, SATIRE

JOURNALISM: A profession whose business it is to explain to others what it personally does not understand.” - Lord Northcliffe. – Just read some of their reports on the current crisis! – JZ, 15.1.09. - JOKES

JOURNALISM: The most esteemed journalists are precisely the most servile. For it is by making themselves useful to the powerful that they gain access to the "best" sources. – Walter Karp (1934-1989),American journalist and political theorist.Another aspect for this is that they cater to the predominantly statist errors and prejudices of most people rather than reporting facts, truths and sound principles and practices. Insofar they do speak for and represent “the public”. – JZ, 5.4.12.

JOURNALISM: The public have an insatiable curiosity to know everything. Except what is worth knowing. Journalism, conscious of this, and having tradesman-like habits, supplies their demands.” - Oscar Wilde

JOURNALISTS: First, most journalists deceive themselves, then the public. - JZ, 23.8.94. - However, they are greatly aided in this by their editors and publishers as well as by the shareholders, who make more money from sensational reports than from reporting truths and ideas. Thus the information value of the "free press" is greatly depreciated, at least for all mass media. - JZ, 27.10.02. - REPORTERS, NEWSHOUNDS, MASS MEDIA, PRESS, TV, RADIO

JOURNALISTS: In almost all other professions a man must be able to observe carefully and report accurately what he has seen. Those qualifications are unnecessary for journalists, however, since their job is to write sensational stories that sell newspapers. Hence, all the incompetents who are not capable of normal accuracy in observation or memory fail in most other professions and many of them eventually drift into journalism.” - George Bernard Shaw, quoted by Robert Anton Wilson, Masks of the Illuminati, p.229. - G. B. S. was hardly a careful and accurate observer and recorder of capitalism, anarchism and State socialism. His prejudices led him, too, by the nose on all too many points. - JZ 22.1.02. – What is really new, important and rightful is often ignored by them in favor of what is newsworthy in the minds of the ignorant and prejudiced. – JZ, 6.1.09.

JOURNALISTS: Journalists usually miss the most important points - or their importance. - JZ, 13.12.95. – Are most historians any better? – JZ, 15.1.09. - HISTORIANS, THE PRESS, MASS MEDIA, REPORTERS

JOURNALISTS: Most journalists are just as empty-headed or prejudiced as the politicians and supposed experts they interview. - JZ, 14.4.93. - PRESS, MASS MEDIA, POLITICIANS, EXPERTS, INTERVIEWS

JOURNALISTS: The ignorance and disinterest of journalists is an almost bottomless pit. Only news scoops count with them and the lowest common denominator, not principles, ideas, fundamental changes and possibilities. Their questions remain almost always on the surface and ignore significant details. - JZ, 4.9.91. - After listening to another interview by a radio jockey. - However, there are some honorable exceptions. - JZ, 28.10.02.

JOURNALISTS: The journalists frequently make up their minds on the story before they interview you.” - THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, August 1, 1998, 6s in Spectrum.

JOURNALISTS: The most esteemed journalists are precisely the most servile. For it is by making themselves useful to the powerful that they gain access to the "best" sources. – Walter Karp (1934-1989), American Journalist and Political Theorist. –  Simply to appeal to the masses, not only their territorial governments, they have to appeal to public opinion, usually operating on the lowest common denominators, with the least knowledge and appreciation of genuine individual rights and liberties. It is almost surprising that one can, nevertheless, find some good reports in the mass media among merely the latest scandals of politicians and public servants. Sound, rightful and efficient alternatives are rarely reported by, known to them or appreciated by them. – JZ, 26.4.13, 20.9.13. - PRESS, NEWSPAPERS, TV, RADIO BROADCASTING, STATISM,MOSTLY ALL TOO SERVILE, AT LEAST WHEN WORKING FOR THE MASS MEDIA

JOURNALISTS: There is much to be said in favour of modern journalism. By giving us the opinions of the uneducated, it keeps us in touch with the ignorance of the community.” - Oscar Wilde. - REPORTERS, MASS MEDIA, RADIO, TV, NEWSPAPERS, PRESS

JOURNEY: A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step.” - Lao Tse. - GRADUALISM, STEP BY STEP, PROGRESS, BEGINNINGS, STARTS, PATIENCE, PERSISTENCE

JOY: From now on I will no longer miss out. Who does not enjoy himself becomes intolerable.” – (Ab heute wird nicht mehr versaeumt: Wer nicht geniesst, wird ungeniessbar.) - Das Konstantin Wecker Buch, S.148. - PLEASURE, HAPPINESS, ENJOYMENT

JOY: Joy is not in things; it is in us.” – Richard Wagner. – But, obviously, it can also, to some extent, be achieved within us through external achievements or recognition for our achievements coming from others. – JZ, 17.9.08. - HAPPINESS, CONTENTMENT, RICHES, PROPERTY, POVERTY

JOY: We must learn to give up our sacrifices, not our joys. They have taught us to give up everything except our sacrifices and those are what we must give up. We must sacrifice our sacrifices!” – Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus I, p. 298. - Politicians, our secular priests, are still all too ready to sacrifice us to their aims and ambitions. – JZ, 28.8.08. – Only the sacrifices of voluntary members are justified, not those of mere territorial subjects, serfs or even slaves. – JZ, 10.5.13. – VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SECESSIONISM & CHOICES, SACRIFICES, TAXATION, WEALTH, DEATH, LIFE, CONSENT OR SANCTION OF THE VICTIMS, ALTRUISM,”DUTIES”, SELFISHNESS, LOYALTY, OBEDIENCE

JUDAISM: Bernie could not shove off responsibility on his superiors. That was the disadvantage of a non-hierarchical religion. And for the same reason he could not claim a layman's lack of authority; any Jew could lead a Jewish ceremony. Bernie was stuck with it.” - Ruth Berman, In Spring a Livelier Iris, ISAAC ASIMOV'S SF MAGAZINE, Nov. 79, p.80. – JEWS, JUDAISM, NON-HIERARCHICAL, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

JUDGES: A few sensitive judges quietly retire from the bench. But the legal mind is usually tougher than that. It can almost always find justification for doing, as agent of the law, what would be inconceivable privately to a man of honor.” – H. L. Mencken, Prejudices, 4th. Series, p.89. – LAWS, POLITICIANS, LAWYERS, BUREAUCRATS, LEGAL MINDS, JUDGES, IGNORANCE OF OR NON-APPRECIATION OF GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUDGES: A man may judge impartially even in his own case.” - Lord Mansfield, Judgment in Rex vs. Cowle, 1759. - However rare that may be, given the present climate of opinion. - JZ, 10.7.96. – He may, but will he, in the average, in most cases? – JZ, 16.1.09. – IMPARTIALITY, JUDGMENT

JUDGES: All that Prohibition does to them is to make brilliantly plain, even to the meanest understanding, their lamentable departure from that high integrity of purpose, that assiduous concern for justice, that jealous watchfulness over the rights of man, which simple men, at all times and everywhere, like to find in the judges set over them. …” - H. L. Mencken, Prejudices, 4th Series, p.89. , JUSTICE, PROHIBITION & THE WAR AGAINST DRUGS

JUDGES: Any judge is a good judge when he knows he's being watched.” - Robert A. Heinlein, Citizen of the Galaxy, p.240. – “Any judge is a good judge when he knows he’s being watched. … The place was so loaded with press that a common citizen stood no chance.” – Ibid, p. 249. - Even that does not help - if he has a sinecure - or simply shares popular errors and prejudices. - JZ, 27.10.02. – He must be watched by just people with influence upon his career, not only by appeals courts. Moreover, there must be free competition between various constitutional, legislative, political, policing, juridical and penal systems and individual consumer sovereignty towards them, i.e. free choice among systems, for those who have not victimized members of other communities. A harsh word, a joke or merely different behavior in public are not to count as an offence, even when some people feel offended by it. Those who feel offended have to learn that the world is full of shocking sights and sounds and have to cope with them as best as they can. Artificial and arbitrarily produced loud noise is another matter. No one has e.g. the right to shout into another person’s ear, unless that person is nearly deaf and asks for it. – JZ, 16.1.09. - COURTS, JUSTICE & PUBLICITY

JUDGES: As he wrote in his Confessions at this time, 'the true judge for every man is his own conscience, a fact that implies replacement of the systems of courts and laws with a system of personal obligations and contracts, in other words, repression of legal institutions.'” - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.247, on Proudhon. - COURTS & CONSCIENCE. COMPARE: PERSONAL LAW, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY TOWARDS ALL PUBLIC SERVICES

JUDGES: But none are so blind as those judges who wish not to see.” - T. Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p.172.

JUDGES: Contempt of court is a "crime" produced by the contemptible behavior of all too many judges. It is also a not a crime, since it does not produce a victim - except the one accused of that "crime". - JZ, 8.11.95. – How much better would this world already be if all too many judges had not shown contempt for genuine individual rights and liberties? – They should rather have shown the richly deserved contempt for all too many laws and should have refused to apply them, just like most free and enlightened juries would have. - JZ, 16.1.09. – CONTEMPT OF COURT

JUDGES: During his whole official career a judge never talks to a fellow-creature and no one ever talks to him. Counsel address him, he rules for or against his old friend at the bar, or sums up, or gives judgment against him, but he never talks to him. … The rules forbid even a witness to speak. He has to be examined or cross-examined. But if he attempts to speak the truth, he is at once stopped, and threatened with penalties, and told that what he is about to say is not evidence.” - Edward Parry, Judge of the County Court of Kent): My Own Way, 1932. - COURTS, WITNESSES, TRUTH, TRIALS, LAWYERING

JUDGES: Federal criminals. Those who plot to deny justice in federal courts, i.e. judges and lawyers.” - Dave Wilber, Fool's Gold Is Green, 1982, Awake America, 23. – There are State judges, too, and local magistrates. – JZ – LAWYERS

JUDGES: For two hundred years, the Judges of England sat on the Bench, condemning to the penalty of death every man, woman, and child who stole property to the value of five shillings; and, during all that time, not one Judge ever remonstrated against the law. We English are a nation of brutes, and ought to be exterminated to the last man." - John Bright, In a dinner speech, 1880, quoted by: Henry Adams, The Education of Henry Adams, 1907. - COURTS, JUSTICE, DEATH PENALTY, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY NOTIONS

JUDGES: Hire a judge acceptable to all sides. …” - L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, p.95. - ARBITRATION COURTS

JUDGES: How often are judges just? - JZ, 30.11.96. – Q., JUSTICE

JUDGES: I do not think that the victims should also be the judges.” - Martin Buber, in: Aubrey Hodes, Encounter with Martin Buber. – Victims: a) They should have the right to self-defence, using any rightful tool to uphold their rights. b) If they want to, they should have a vote in the selection of an arbitrator. c) As members of a panarchy they would have decided already in advance upon the juridical system to be applied against an offender against their rights, whether he is a member of the own community or that of another one. - One system of justice for all would not be just for all. - JZ, 5.4.89, 28.10.02. - PANARCHISM, JUDGE IN THE OWN CASE, VICTIMS

JUDGES: If the function of this Court is to be essentially no different from that of a legislature, if the considerations governing constitutional construction are to be substantially those that underlie legislation, then indeed judges should not have life tenure and they should be made directly responsible to the electorate.” - Felix Frankfurter. - Elective judges or "independent" and life-long judges are less important than free individual choice in penal laws, juridical, policing and penal systems for individuals their volunteer groups. No justice system will ever be quite satisfactory to ALL people. - JZ, 1.7.00. – ELECTIVE JUDGES & COURTS, CHOICE IN JUSTICE SYSTEMS, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAWS

JUDGES: In certain cases every decent guy ought to be judge, jury and executioner.” - JZ, 21.4.98. - JURY, TYRANNICIDE, RESISTANCE

JUDGES: In the own case nobody can be a judge.” - Old legal maxim. – (“In eigener Sache kann niemand Richter sein.” - Alter Rechtsspruch.) - While each can judge the own affairs, no one can properly judge the affairs of others, especially when his own advantage is involved. - JZ, 21.7.86. - In the own case against others one is rarely a quite fair and objective judge. - JZ, 28.10.02. – That is all too often demonstrated already in mere discussions and debates. – JZ, 15.1.09. – Regarding clearly expressed individual rights and liberties almost every adult could be a rightful judge and, sometimes, should be, e.g. when it comes to immediately required self-defence actions. – JZ, 10.5.13. - JUDGMENT, CONFLICT OF INTERESTS

JUDGES: It is better that a judge should lean on the side of compassion than severity.” - Cervantes. - Compassion with the offender or with his past and future victims? How compassionate was the offender towards his victims? Such questions can never be completely settled equally for all. There are xyz notions on and ideas and “ideals” of protection, deterrence, adjudication and punishment. Let individuals make their own choices and let them beware not to interfere with the rights and liberties of others, who have made different choices for their protection. The penalties they would exact might be much higher than the ones for the same offence when committed by the offender within his own voluntary community. His may ignore “joyrides”, while another community might exact the death penalty or a large fine or prison sentence for such an infringement of property rights. Technically, it would be possible for a car that is stolen, to lock-in the thief and automatically drive him to the nearest police station and then set the horn blaring, until he is arrested. If he wants wheels of his own, let him save for a used bicycle first. A car thief steals something that may have taken the owner years of labor to acquire and pay off and to that extent the thief, without compassion, condemns his victim to years of unpaid or underpaid labor. Compassion? With whom? A society that has too much compassion with criminals rather than their victims, has too little compassion for the victims and does, indeed, breed crime. - JZ, 30.4.00, 16.1.09, 20.9.13. - JUSTICE, COURTS, JURISDICTION, CRIME & PUNISHMENT, VICTIMS, COMPASSION VS. SEVERITY, JUSTICE, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, PANARCHISM, INDEMNIFICATION, DETERRENCE, PENALTIES

JUDGES: Judges are apt to be naïve, simple-minded men.” - O. W. Holmes II, Speech, 1913.

JUDGES: Judges are but men, and are swayed like other men by vehement prejudices. This is corruption in reality, give it whatever other name you please.” - David Dudley Field. - Freedom for all non-aggressive people to choose their own adjudication system. - JZ, 30.4.00.

JUDGES: judges must compare the positive ordinances with the laws of justice, and apply the ordinances only so far as they conform with these laws.” - Physiocratic view, according to William Archibald Dunning: A History of Political Theories, from Rousseau to Spencer, p.60. - LAW, JUSTICE

JUDGES: judges should be withdrawn from the bench whose erroneous biases are leading us to dissolution. It may, indeed, injure them in fame or fortune; but it saves the Republic ..." - Thomas Jefferson:

JUDGES: Judges who cannot or will not judge by the principles of natural law, and of individual rights and liberties but merely by law and precedent, do lack judgment and thus are not judges but imposters. - JZ, 28.5.92. – At least for all those, who have not chosen them as their judges for themselves. – JZ, 16.1.09.

JUDGES: JURY TAMPERER: Federal judge or U.S. attorney.” - Dave Wilber, Fool's Gold Is Green, 1982, Awake America, p.27. - JURIES

JUDGES: Man in black dress who often intimidates jurors and denies justice.” - Dave Wilber, Fool's Gold Is Green, Awake America, 1982, p.23.

JUDGES: Most judges are unable or unwilling to judge justly - when it comes to basic individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 14.10.98. - JUSTICE, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUDGES: Most judges seem unable or unwilling to judge the justice of laws or allow juries to do so. - JZ, 2.6.01. They have reduced themselves to executioners of laws, no matter how unjust and irrational these are. - JZ, 29.1.02. – They are not so sure about justice but sure enough that they have covered themselves if they just follow the laws. – JZ, 16.1.09. - COURTS, JURISDICTION, JUSTICE, JURIES

JUDGES: No man can justly censure or condemn another, because indeed no many truly knows another.” - Sir Thomas Browne, Religio Medici, 1642, 2. - So we could not rightly judge even the worst kind of murderer, psychopath, mass murderer, madman, torturer, sadist and terrorist just because we cannot sufficiently comprehend his motives? - JZ, 28.10.02. - JUSTICE, JUDGING, COURTS, MAN

JUDGES: No one should be judge in his own case.” - Publilius Syrus, Maxim 545, Sententiae, c. 50 B.C. - Few could. - JZ, 10.7.86. - Everybody should be the sole judge when only his own rights and liberties are involved and those of others are not infringed or risked. Only in the latter cases should some kind of mutually agreeable juridical avenue be established, or agreed upon, one among the numerous ones that have been dreamed up or experimented with, one that is, at least in the opinion of the parties concerned, better than that provided so far by territorial governments - JZ, 25.11.02, 10.5.13. – In many countries organizations of private arbitrators do already exist. – JZ, 15.1.09. – ARBITRATORS, MEDIATORS

JUDGES: Nor is the people's judgment always true: The most may err as grossly as the few.” - John Dryden, Absalom and Achitophel, I, 781. - JURIES, JUDGMENT, PEOPLE, REFERENDUM, MAJORITY

JUDGES: Now, if you could sue the judge for bad judgments or if you could sue the Offenders Release Board, or anybody responsible for allowing criminals back on the street who re-offend, the justice system would be a totally different thing.” - John Laws, John Law's Book of Uncommon Sense, Pan, 1995, p.103. - He presumes that there could be only one such system for all people in a territory, instead of many and competing ones, among which a consumer of their services could have freely chosen for himself. Then he could have chosen e.g. a system with autonomous judges or one with recallable and punishable ones. - JZ, 18.4.00, 2.9.13. - PENAL SYSTEM, PAROLE BOARDS

JUDGES: Once the dispenser of varieties of law that only scoundrels questioned, he is now the harassed and ludicrous dispenser of law that only idiots approve.” - H. L. Mencken, Prejudices, 4th Series, p. 87. – LAWS VS. THE LAW, NATURAL LAW, COMMON LAW, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUDGES: The arbitrator has regard to equity and the judge to law.” - Aristotle, Rhetoric, book 1, chapter 13, section 19. – Arbitrators could also be appointed or agreed-upon for personal law cases. – JZ, 20.9.13. - ARBITRATORS, EQUITY & LAW, JUSTICE

JUDGES: The courts reveal a chronic hostility to the Bill of Rights, born of the fact, I daresay, that judges are also lawyers, and hence trained in the doctrine that ‘law is restraint’." - H. L. Mencken, 1928. - COURTS AND LAWYERS, BILL OF RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

JUDGES: The direction of the judge is the first engine of tyranny.” - Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.

JUDGES: the discretion of the judge is the first engine of tyranny." - Edward Gibbon, "The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire." – In judging judges we should always take into consideration who appointed them and who pays their salaries – not to speak of private bribes to which some of them are susceptible. Contempt of court is, sometimes, all too warranted, when “judge” act contemptible. – Even the best of them cannot help being part and parcel of a territorial regime with numerous unjust laws. - JZ, 5.1.08. – It already takes the tyranny of territorialism to put them into their monopolistic positions. – How tyrannically could they be or become, in many to most cases, if they were merely parts of or options for freely competing States, communities, societies, personal law and juridical systems? – JZ, 6.1.09, 20.9.13. – It is usually the State which appoints, pays and promotes judges and which thus can easily enough direct them to “judge” mostly in its favor. – It has also permitted the judges to direct juries. - JZ, 16.1.09. - JURY, JURIDICAL POWER & MONOPOLY, COURTS, JURISDICTION, TYRANNY

JUDGES: The judge is condemned when the guilty are acquitted.” - Publilius Syrus. - VS JUSTICE

JUDGES: the judges and lawyers, whom he would not trust as far as he would a dog with his dinner; …" - A. J. Nock, Jefferson, Harcourt, 1926, 117. - LAWYERS

JUDGES: The sleazy simpleton Jesus Christ said: "Judge not that ye be not judged." - Ayn Rand answered, "Judge and prepare to be judged." - Source? Probably part of some discussion in THE CONNECTION. - Another version, in THE CONNECTION 135, p.60: "Judge, lest ye be judged not." - Ayn Rand.

JUDGES: The world has produced fewer instances of truly great judges than it has of great men in almost every other department of civilized life.” - Horace Binney: The Life and Character of Chief Justice Marshall, 1835. - Having been trained to enforce and having to enforce numerous wrongful and harmful laws is not a training for greatness. - I do not wish this fate upon anyone. - JZ, 27.10.02.

JUDGES: There is not happiness, there is no liberty, there is no enjoyment in life, unless a man can say, when he rises in the morning, I shall be subject to the decision of no unwise judge today.” - Daniel Webster, Speech in New York, March 10, 1831. - JUSTICE, INJUSTICE, HAPPINESS, LIBERTY

JUDGES: There was no court yet that didn't take orders from the big shots who keep the fat cats fat, and lawyers are the crookedest damn crooks in the universe.” - E. E. 'Doc' Smith's classic Lensman series: Children of the Lens, p.137. Courts are much more independent from the citizens than they are from governments. - JZ, 18.4.00. - COURTS, JURISDICTION, INDEPENDENT ADJUDICATION & LAWYERS

JUDGES: To consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions [is] a very dangerous doctrine indeed, and one which would place us under the despotism of an oligarchy. Our judges are as honest as other men and not more so. They have with others the same passions for party, for power, and the privilege of their corps. Their maxim is boni judicis est ampliare jurisdictionem [good justice is broad jurisdiction], and their power the more dangerous as they are in office for life and not responsible, as the other functionaries are, to the elective control. The constitution has erected no such single tribunal, knowing that to whatever hands confided, with the corruptions of time and party, its members would become despots. It has more wisely made all the departments co-equal and co-sovereign within themselves.” - Thomas Jefferson to W. Jarvis, 1820. – Sinecures do not make for good decisions or services. – The positive effect of competition and of consumer sovereignty is missing. -  JZ, 16.1.09.

JUDGES: We must remember that we have to make judges out of men, and that by being made judges their prejudices are not diminished and their intelligence is not increased.” - R. G. Ingersoll, Speech in Washington, Oct. 22, 1883. - MEN, PREJUDICES

JUDGES: What if, when addressing the judge, you carefully omitted the words, “Your Honor”? - Your Honor? Good grief! A judge is nothing but a combination of lawyer and politician. What on earth is likely to be honorable about that? ... Yes, there’s the occasional judge who’ll threaten you with contempt of court for not treating it like a lordling. … But if you’re simply polite, while refusing to grovel, most won’t be corrupt enough to make an issue out of it.” – Claire Wolfe, Don’t Shoot the Bastards (YET), 101 More Ways To Salvage Freedom, under the heading 23. Small Steps, p.50/51. - COURTS OF JUSTICE, YOUR HONOR

JUDGES: When a judge goes beyond [his proper function] and reads entirely new values into the Constitution, values the framers and ratifiers did not put there, he deprives the people of their liberty. That liberty, which the Constitution clearly envisions, is the liberty of the people to set their own social agenda through the process of democracy.” - Robert Bork. - CONSTITUTIONALISM

JUDGES: Where might is master, justice is served.” - German proverb. - Is it? Is power always exercised in the service of justice or all too often in the service of injustice? Might may be rightly used in the service of justice but only a fanatical statist would assume that this is always the case. - JZ, 28.10.02. - Thus I reworded this saying into something more truthful: Where might is master, the justices are servile, too. - JZ, 20.10.85. I might also have said: Where justice is master, power serves it as well. - Concise statements are often assertative and superficially plausible but not always factual and logical. - JZ, 28.10.02. - JUSTICE, MIGHT, POWER, STATE, STATISM

JUDGES: Who are they to judge, rule, regulate, legislate us, the judges, politicians, bureaucrats and party-men? - JZ, 23.4.89. - Are they really better than we are? Do they know more? Are they wiser? Are they more honest? Are they less self-interested? Are they less corruptible? Are the best or the worst rising to the tops of these pyramids? - JZ, 28.10.02, 20.9.13. – Q.

JUDGES: Would there be much "contempt of court" among decent people if all judges always judged justly? - JZ, 27.10.02, 16.1.09.

JUDGES: You be the judge.” - James Blish, They Shall Have Stars, p.17.

JUDGES: You can sue your doctor for malpractice, your accountant, even your solicitor. But if your accountable solicitor suddenly makes it to the top of the ladder, he can become a judge. He's still the same man with the same foibles, the same frailties, the same attitude - which might be racist, bitter, twisted, perverted. But as soon as he reaches judge status … instant immunity. Same man, no accountability.” - John Laws, John Law's Book of Uncommon Sense, Pan, 1995, p.103. - Nevertheless, to my knowledge, John Laws has not asked for free competition in the supply of juridical services. Why not? - JZ, 18.4.00. - IMMUNITY, ACCOUNTABILITY, PANARCHISM, COMPETING JUSTICE SYSTEMS

JUDGES: You seem ... to consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions; a very dangerous doctrine indeed, and one which would place us under the despotism of an oligarchy. ... The Constitution has erected no such single tribunal." - Thomas Jefferson, 1820. - Ultimately, every individual should be free to select for himself the kind of constitution, legislation, jurisdiction and executive or administrative body that he wants for himself, in the form of his preferred kind of competing governance system or community or society of volunteers, all of them only exterritorially autonomous. – Territorial systems create insolvable problems - for the populations of large territories tend to be very diverse in their individual preferences and inclinations, beliefs, convictions and aims. – JZ, 5.1.08, 20.9.13. – CONSTITUTIONS, JUDICIARY, COURTS, HIGH COURT, SUPREME COURT, PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

JUDGING PEOPLE BY THEIR CLOTHING: A man, who examines the saddle and bridle and not the animal itself, when he is out to buy a horse, is a fool; similarly, only an absolute fool values a man according to his clothes, or according to his position, which after all is only something we wear like clothing.” – Seneca – However, the silliness, carelessness or dirtiness of a person can already be judged, often, by his clothing, with which he chooses to cover of “decorate” himself or herself, unless it is mere work apparel. – JZ, 8.8.08, 20..9.13. – Compare: “It’s not the clothing that makes the man.” VS. “It’s the clothing that makes the man.” - CHARACTER, PERSONALITIES, MAN, APPEARANCES, TATTOES

JUDGMENT: facts and their combinations are infinite; that wisdom is not precisely the accumulation of knowledge, but rather the ability to rank facts in their proper hierarchy, and to know which 99 % can and should be ignored.” - Robert R. Chase, Transit of Betelgeuse, ANALOG 5/90, 29. - FACTS, KNOWLEDGE, WISDOM

JUDGMENT: It is not the facts that are of chief importance, but the light thrown upon them, the meaning in which they are dressed, the conclusions which are drawn from them, and the judgments delivered upon them.” - Mark Twain. - CONCLUSIONS, IDEAS, FACTS, UNDERSTANDING, REASONING, IDEAS, INTERPRETATIONS

JUDGMENT: Judgment is given to men that they may use it. Because it may be used erroneously, are men to be told that they ought not to use it at all?" - John Stuart Mill, On Liberty. – No, but they ought to be much more subject to their own judgments than judgments by people that they happen to strongly disagree with. Strong disagreements happens inevitably under territorialism. – JZ, 26.12.07. – They are mostly reduced to non-violent disagreements under the tolerance and voluntarism of exterritorial autonomy or personal law for volunteers. – JZ, 20.9.13. – EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

JUDGMENT: Learning without thought is labor lost; thought without learning is perilous.” - Confucius. - Some experience and free experimentation do help as well. - JZ, 26.11.02. - WISDOM, THOUGHT, DISCRIMINATION, KNOWLEDGE

JUDGMENT: Look to the essence of a thing, whether it be a point of doctrine, of practice, or of interpretation.” - Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, Meditations, VIII, p.22. - KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING, WISDOM

JUDGMENT: Man's most valuable trait is a judicious sense of what not to believe.” - Euripides, Helen, 412 B.C., tr. Richmond Latimore. - DOUBTS, DISBELIEF, CRITICAL THINKING, DISRIMINATION, MAKING SUFFICIENT DISTINCTIONS

JUDGMENT: Most people seem to have a selective blindness and amnesia for every significant idea, observation and talent. - JZ, 29.4.93. – IDEAS, PREJUDICES, POPULAR ERRORS

JUDGMENT: Remember, when the judgment's weak, the prejudice is strong.” - Kane O'Hara, Midas, Act 1, sc. 4. - PREJUDICES

JUDGMENT: Senses do not lie but judgment deceives.” - Goethe, “Sprueche in Prosa”. – JZ tr. of: “Die Sinne truegen nicht, aber das Urteil truegt.” - SENSES, RED. – Senses can also deceive. – JZ

JUDGMENT: The epistemological basis of anarchism [rests on the refusal to subordinate one's won rational judgment to the assertion of another consciousness] and its social implementation - individual rights. The corollary of independent judgment is the rejection of any 'final authority in ethics'.” - Roy Childs, in unpublished Open Letter to Objectivists and Libertarians, Nov. 30, 1969, pp. 4 & 17, here quoted in THE VOLUNTARYIST, No. 90, 2/1998, p.2. – Should even an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties have no authority among anarchists and libertarians? Sometimes anarchists and libertarians are their own worst enemies. – JZ, 16.1.09. – Q., ANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, ETHICS, MORALITY, UTILITARIANISM

JUDGMENT: Their judgment was based more on wishful thinking than on sound calculation of probabilities; for the usual thing among men is that when they want something they will without reflection leave that to hope, while they will employ the full force of reason in rejecting what they find unpalatable.” - Michael F. Flynn, The Washer at the Ford, ANALOG, 6/89, 49. - Compare the response of most libertarians and anarchists to the use of affordable, powerful and lasting media, like microfiche, floppy disks and CDs. Rationalizing rather than reasoning is involved in the rejection of these media. - JZ, 1.11.02. - REASON VS. WISHFUL THINKING, RED

JUDGMENT: There are four chief obstacles in grasping truth, which hinder every man, however learned, and scarcely allow any one to win a clear title to learning, namely, submission to faulty and unworthy authority, influence of custom, popular prejudice, and concealment of our own ignorance accompanied by an ostentatious display of our knowledge.” - Roger Bacon, Opus majus, transl. by R. B. Burke, 1928. - KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING, SCHOLARSHIP, PROFESSIONALS, EXPERTS

JUDGMENT: There are many who know many things, yet are lacking in wisdom.” - Democritus, KNOWLEDGE, WISDOM, RED.

JUDGMENT: There are two modes of acquiring knowledge, namely by reasoning and experience. Reasoning draws a conclusion and makes us grant the conclusion, but does not make the conclusion certain, nor does it remove doubt so that the mind may rest on the intuition of truth, unless the mind discovers it by the path of experience.” - Roger Bacon, Opus majus, trans. by R. B. Burke, 1928. - KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING, EXPERIENCE, EXPERIMENTATION

JUDGMENT: There are two ways to slide easily through life; to believe everything or to doubt everything. Both ways save us from thinking.” - Alfred Korzybski, quoted in ANALOG, 9/83. FAITH, DOUBT, CRITICISM, BELIEF, DOGMATISM, SCEPTICISM, RELATIVISM

JUDGMENT: You can't depend on your judgment when your imagination is out of focus.” - Mark Twain. – RED., IMAGINATION

JUDICIARY: [How] to check these unconstitutional invasions of ... rights by the Federal judiciary? Not by impeachment in the first instance, but by a strong protestation of both houses of Congress that such and such doctrines advanced by the Supreme Court are contrary to the Constitution; and if afterwards they relapse into the same heresies, impeach and set the whole adrift. For what was the government divided into three branches, but that each should watch over the others and oppose their usurpations?” - Thomas Jefferson to Nathaniel Macon, 1821. - SUPREME COURT, SECESSIONISM, MILITIA, DECLARATION OF ALL GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUDICIARY: The Constitution ... meant that its coordinate branches should be checks on each other. But the opinion which gives to the judges the right to decide what laws are constitutional and what not, not only for themselves in their own sphere of action but for the Legislature and Executive also in their spheres, would make the Judiciary a despotic branch.” - Thomas Jefferson to Mrs. Adams, 1804. – Who or what is to stand as an ultimate judge over any constitution? Firstly, the voluntarism of its subjects, who must remain free to secede. That includes the beneficial enlightening effect of other and competitive constitutions, practised by different communities of volunteers. Secondly, an as ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties as interest people can manage to compiled. Thirdly, an ideal military force of volunteers with the single purpose only of defending such a declaration and also developing it further, if it can. – JZ, 16.1.09. – CONSTITUTIONALISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, IDEAL MILITIAS FOR THEIR DEFENCE, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM

JUDICIARY: The germ of dissolution of our federal government is in ... the federal judiciary; an irresponsible body, (for impeachment is scarcely a scare-crow), working like gravity by night and by day, gaining a little to-day and a little to-morrow, and advancing its noiseless step like a thief, over the field of jurisdiction, until all shall be usurped from the States." - Thomas Jefferson, 1821. – FEDERAL JUDICIARY, SUPREME COURT

JUDICIARY: The opinion which gives to the judges the right to decide what laws are constitutional, and what not, ... would make the judiciary a despotic branch." - Thomas Jefferson: Mountain Media Book, 2001,, p.266. - CRIMES WITHOUT VICTIMS, JUDGES, CONSTITUTIONALISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, COURTS, COMPETING JURIDICAL SYSTEMS, TERRITORIALISM

JUDICIARY: This member of the Government was at first considered as the most harmless and helpless of all its organs. But it has proved that the power of declaring what the law is, ad libitum, by sapping and mining slyly and without alarm the foundations of the Constitution, can do what open force would not dare to attempt.” - Thomas Jefferson to E. Livingston, 1825, on the court. – Was Jefferson also opposed to free juries? – Had he considered personal law associations into consideration? – When, decades ago, I saw his printed works offered for $ 1200, then this price decided for me: His works are not for me. Now they could be very cheaply offered on a CD and may already be so offered or free online. – Thus searching for the answers to such questions could be already relatively easy and cheap. - JZ, 16.1.09. – First entry of 570 mill Google results today: Online Library of Liberty - The Works of Thomas Jefferson, 12 vols. -‎ - JZ, 10.5.13. - The Online Library of Liberty is provided in order to encourage the study of the ideal of a society of free and responsible individuals by making freely available on ...

JURIES: [T]he Jury have not only the power, but the right, to pass upon the law as well as the facts. ..." - Georgia Supreme Court Source: Keener v. The State, 18 Ga. 194, 231 (1855).

JURIES: A jury consists of twelve persons chosen to decide who has the better lawyer. - Robert Frost  - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – Another version: “Jury: Twelve people who determine which client has the better lawyer.” – Robert Frost. - Free juries are ideal only for those who believe in them. Nevertheless, or because of it, there should be free choice for individuals among all kinds of juridical systems. - JZ, 28.6.00, 24.11.06. - The traditional and free juries were better than that. Governmental monopoly courts, judges and legislation have transformed them into what they are today, mere servants of the territorial State and its often quite wrongful legislation. – JZ, 24.3.12. – Are the decisions of FREE juries more often wrong than those of judges? Has anyone compiled a statistics on this? – JZ, 13.4.12. – JOKES, LAWYERS

JURIES: a jury of individuals fully informed as to their thousand-year-old obligation to weigh the law itself, as well as the facts of the case.” - L. Neil Smith, Pallas, p.191.

JURIES: a jury with absolute powers that no law can veto." - Frank Herbert. - A human rights appeal should always be possible. - JZ, 11.6.92.

JURIES: According to a poll by the "National Law Journal", 76 percent of Americans believe juries have the right to bring their conscience into the jury room - and to acquit a defendant who is technically guilty but morally innocent.” - "Conrad refutes various criticisms of jury independence. He argues that jurors who vote their conscience are not 'nullifying' the law. Rather, they are exercising their discretion, ruling that it would not be fair to apply a particular law in a particular case. District attorneys constantly exercise similar discretion - not bringing charges in the first place - and no one accuses them of 'nullification' or 'anarchy'.” - David Kopel, from a review of Clay S. Conrad's, Jury Nullification: The Evolution Of A Doctrine, in the May/June, 1999, edition of "THE AMERICAN ENTERPRISE, A NATIONAL MAGAZINE OF POLITICS, BUSINESS, AND CULTURE", Vol. 10, #3, as reprinted in the Winter/Spring, 1999, issue of "The FIJActivist", page 9. - FREE JURIES

JURIES: All juries to be made up out of crime victims only! Among them let there be one or two former convicts who were later found to be innocent of the crime they were convicted for. And since the accused is allowed to look his best, all dressed up for the trial, let the victim be represented by a life-sized photo or sculpture indicating the condition his attacker left him in, combined with a photo of his previous looks and present looks. If there was no victim of a supposed crime, then let this fact be driven home by a blank screen instead of a photo of the victim. - However, to each the justice system of his choice! - JZ, 8.2.01, 2.2.02.

JURIES: An untrained group of balance-keepers, upholding the truth hidden between shady lawyers.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Book of Contemplation, p.73. - In: A Dictionary of Thought he says: "hidden by shady lawyers".

JURIES: But, sir, the people themselves have it in their power effectually to resist usurpation, without being driven to an appeal of arms. An act of usurpation is not obligatory; it is not law; and any man may be justified in his resistance. Let him be considered as a criminal by the general government, yet only his fellow-citizens can convict him; they are his jury, and if they pronounce him innocent, not all the powers of Congress can hurt him; and innocent they certainly will pronounce him, if the supposed law he resisted was an act of usurpation." - Theophilus Parsons, in the Massachusetts Convention on the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. [Jonathan Elliot, ed., ”The Debates of the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution”, New York, Burt Franklin: 1888), 2:94.] – While free jury systems could be very helpful to freedom lovers, many libertarians expect too much from them alone. The ultimate judge should be free men, all volunteers, who know and appreciate all their individual rights and liberties, are armed trained and organized for their protection and sworn in to defend and protect nothing else. – A suggestion by Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, in my own words. – JZ, 5.1.08. - FREE JURIES VS. WRONGFUL LAWS & USURPATIONS, MILITIA, IDEAL

JURIES: I consider trial by jury as the only anchor ever yet imagined by man by which a government can be held to the principles of its constitution." - Thomas Jefferson, in a letter to Thomas Paine, 1789. - FREE JURIES, CONSTITUTIONALISM

JURIES: if exercising their judgment with discretion and honesty they have a clear conviction that the charge of the court is wrong." - Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury, in some advice to jurors to acquit against the judge's instructions. - FREE JURIES

JURIES: If the jury feels the law is unjust, we recognize the undisputed power of the jury to acquit, even if its verdict is contrary to the law as given by a judge, and contrary to the evidence ... and the courts must abide by that decision.” - US v Moylan, 4th Circuit Court of Appeals, 1969, 417 F.2d at 1006 – From Monica Cellio homepage - FREE JURIES, AUTONOMOUS, NOT SUBJECT TO JUDGES, FREE JURIES VS. UNJUST LAWS

JURIES: If the jury have no right to judge of the justice of a law of the government, they plainly can do nothing to protect the people against the oppressions of the government, for there are no oppressions which they government may not authorize by law.” - Lysander Spooner, Trial by Jury. - Quoted by Young Americans for Liberty: JURY NULLLIFICATION: Is a process whereby a jury in a criminal case effectively nullifies a law by acquitting a defendant regardless of the weight of the evidence against him or her. – If you believe the person is being prosecuted under an unjust law, you can choose to acquit the defendant, and set him free. -  Facebook, 20.8.13. – FREE JURIES FREE JURIES, LAWS & GOVERNMENTS, OPPRESSION, EXPLOITATION

JURIES: If we subjected all laws to a trial by jury, would we find most of them guilty or innocent? - JZ, 8.10.75. - How many votes by free men should it take to veto the validity of any territorial law? Naturally, the preferable system was to have only personal laws in the first place, for voluntary communities that are exterritorially autonomous. - JZ, 28.10.02. – LAWS

JURIES: In effect, trial by jury was a trial of both the government and the criminal. Twelve representatives of the public were to determine the facts of the case and then to determine the justness of the government law. If any one of the twelve had doubts as to the facts or as to the justness of the government law, then the government's case against the criminal could not be upheld.” - Carl Watner, on Lysander Spooner, in Holterman, Law in Anarchism, p.125/126. – It takes only one man to secede from a government or society. However, one cannot thus secede from a crime with victims, which one has previously committed. – JZ, 16.1.09.

JURIES: Is the relinquishment of the trial by jury and the liberty of the press necessary for your liberty? Will the abandonment of your most sacred rights tend to the security of your liberty? Liberty, the greatest of all earthly blessings - give us that precious jewel, and you may take every thing else! … Guard with jealous attention the public liberty. Suspect every one who approaches that jewel.” - Patrick Henry, speech to the Virginia Convention, Richmond, Virginia, June 5, 1788. - The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, ed. Jonathan Elliot, vol. 3, p. 45 (1836, reprinted 1937). - PRESS, LIBERTY

JURIES: It is not only [the juror's] right, but his duty ... to find the verdict according to his own best understanding, judgment, and conscience, even though in direct opposition to the direction of the court." - John Adams, 1771. - FREE JURIES

JURIES: It may not be amiss here, gentlemen, to remind you of the good old rule that on questions of fact it is the province of the jury, on questions of law it is the province of the court to decide. But it must be observed, by the same law which recognizes this reasonable distribution of jurisdiction, you have, nevertheless, a right to take upon yourselves to judge of both, and to determine the law as well as the fact in controversy." - Sparf v. United States, 156 U.S. 51 (1895). - FREE JURIES

JURIES: It would be an absurdity for jurors to be required to accept the judge's view of the law, against their own opinion, judgment, and conscience." - John Adams: - FREE JURIES, JUDGES, COURTS

JURIES: Judges and politicians have been enemies of free juries for centuries and have everywhere restricted them all too much. – JZ, 15.12.11, on: Justice Peter McClellan calls for court review of jury process - - Consumer sovereignty in this sphere means free choice between different adjudication and arbitration systems and not a monopoly for the supposedly best and most professional one, which territorial statists believe can only be supplied by territorial governments. In reality, governmental judges have all too often toadied to the wishes and commands of territorial governments, ignoring basic principles and practices of justice and, especially, individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 14.1.13. - FREE JURIES, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

JURIES: Juries are not popular with legalists, Juries expose the law. They can ignore judges.” - Frank Herbert, Chapterhause Dune, p.355. – Under personal law or panarchistic choice between various governments and societies, all only by and for volunteers, free juries would become as wide-spread as their supporters would want them to be – among themselves. – JZ, 16.1.09. - LAWYERS, JUDGES, LEGISLATORS, PANARCHISM

JURIES: Juries should be freed to judge or nullify all unjust laws out of existence. - JZ, 14.12.91. – Individual secessionism could achieve the same. It would remove the wrongfulness of territorial governments and their laws imposed upon peaceful dissenters. – JZ, 16.1.09. - VS. UNJUST LAWS, PERSONAL LAWS, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM

JURIES: Jurors can say “Not Guilty” when people break unjust laws. – If it shouldn’t be a crime they shouldn’t do the time. – Share this to save good people from bad laws. - Quoted by Dale Ogden shared Power to the Jury's photo. - Facebook, 13.8.12. - Do the right thing. Don't try and get out of Jury Duty. You could have a PROFOUND impact on someone's life by NULLIFYING Bad laws. – Facebook notes, 1.11.12.

JURIES: Jury: Twelve people who determine which client has the better lawyer. – Robert FrostFREE JURIES, LAWYERS, JOKES

JURIES: Most laws deserve to be judged by juries - out of existence. - JZ, 14.12.91. - LAWS

JURIES: That in criminal cases, the law and fact are always blended, the jury, for reasons of a political and peculiar nature, for the security of life and liberty, is intrusted with the power of deciding both law and fact." - Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury, in some advice to jurors to acquit against the judge's instructions. - FREE JURIES - Entrusted? - JZ

JURIES: The highest power in America, higher even than the supreme court.” - Dave Wilber, Fool's Gold Is Green, 1982, Awake America, p.27.

JURIES: The institution of Trial by Jury forms one, but a highly important, practical application of the system of Local self-Government: - that by which law is administered by the people. Hence, like every other form of manifestation of local self-government, it has become, in our time, the object of the insidious attacks of the strivers after centralization. - The bastard county courts of recent enactment must not be confounded with this constitutional system; they afford but another instance of the employment of a name to smother a reality; …” - J. Toulmin Smith: Local Self-Government vs. Centralization, p.22. - Reproduced in PEACE PLANS No. 22. - FREE JURIES, COURTS, LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT, PEOPLE, LAW, JURISDICTION

JURIES: The judges’, the lawyers’ and the law's distortion of the free jury system is now called "the" jury system. - JZ, n.d., & 27.10.02. – LAWS, JUDGES, LAWYERS

JURIES: The jury has a right to judge both the law as well as the fact in controversy." … "You [the jurors] have, nevertheless, a right to take upon yourselves to judge of both, and to determine the law as well as the fact in controversy." - John Jay, US Supreme Court (Georgia vs. Brailsford, 1794:4). –- The human right of free choice among freely competing justice systems, provided in free enterprise competition, goes even far beyond the free jury system. Panarchies of volunteers would probably try out all kinds of justice systems between them, in the long run doing justice to all of them. – JZ, 5.1.08. - FREE JURIES

JURIES: The jury has an unreviewable and unreversible power ... to acquit in disregard of the instructions on the law given by the trial judge...." - U.S. vs. Dougherty, 473 F 2nd 1113, 1139 (1972)." – irreversible? – JZ - FREE JURIES

JURIES: The jury has the power to bring a verdict in the teeth of both the law and facts." - Oliver Wendell Holmes, U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Horning v. District of Columbia, 138 (1920). - FREE JURIES

JURIES: The jury has the right to determine both the law and the facts." - Samuel Chase, 1804. (1796?), signer of the Declaration of Independence, joint-author of the Federalist, and first U.S. Supreme Court Justice. – Free choice between different juridical system and personal law systems is even more important. – JZ, 10.5.13. - FREE JURIES, AUTONOMOUS JURIES

JURIES: The jury has the right to judge both the law as well as the fact in controversy. –John Jay, Joint-author of the Federalist Papers and first U. S. Supreme Court Chief Justice

JURIES: the jury in all criminal cases, shall be the judges of the law and the facts.” - Georgia, Declaration of Rights, Art.I, Sec.II, Para. I.

JURIES: The law courts had no judges in the modern sense directing the jury. Instead some farmers, usually twelve, would be called to say what they thought were the facts, and in that way give evidence. Another panel of jurors would act as judges, deciding the outcome of a case by agreement among themselves.” Jesse Byock, Viking Age Iceland, Penguin books 2001, page 79. – JURIES IN ICELAND

JURIES: The law itself is on trial quite as much as the cause which is to be decided." - Harlan F. Stone, 12th Chief Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1941: FREE JURIES

JURIES: The most important reason jurors rarely use their theoretical power is that they are constantly told they have none.” - Jon M. Van Dyke. - FREE JURIES, JUDGES

JURIES: The new Constitution has secured these [individual rights] in the Executive and Legislative departments: but not in the Judiciary. It should have established trials by the people themselves, that is to say, by jury." - Thomas Jefferson, 1789. - FREE JURIES

JURIES: The pages of history shine on instances of the jury’s exercise of its prerogative to disregard instructions of the judge.” – U.S. vs. Dougherty, 1972, 473 F 2nd 1113, 1139 – Typically, throughout history legislators and governmental judges have tried to more and more restrict the rights of free juries. – JZ, 7.1.08. , FREE JURIES, AUTONOMOUS JURIES

JURIES: They can arrive at any decision they desire, the way a jury should function. The law be damned! … The first rule of our democracy: no laws restricting juries.” - Frank Herbert, Chapterhouse Dune, p.171.

JURIES: When juries know they can judge the law as well as the facts, we will restore natural liberty and justice. Judges resist this because it would reduce their power. Although jurors must have courage to over-rule a judge's instructions/suggestions, it is being done: it only takes ONE juror's vote to not convict. Grand Juries have even more independent power and can turn the tables on arrogant juridical bureaucrats.” - Stormy Mon, Diversified Unity: A Libertarian Strategy, p.2, in THE CONNECTION 122, p.65. - JURY VETO, JURY NULLIFICATION, FREE JURIES, JUSTICE, COURTS, JUDGES, LIBERTY:

JURIES: When you go into court you are putting your fate into the hands of 12 people who weren't smart enough to get out of jury duty.” - Norm Crosby. - To each the justice system of his own choice. - JZ, 1.7.00. - COURTS, JUSTICE

JURIES: Why do we love this trial by jury? Because it prevents the hand of oppression from cutting you off. ... This gives me comfort - that as long as I have existence, my neighbors will protect me." - Patrick Henry. – In most countries the free jury system was abolished. Perhaps only individual secessionists and free militias could have kept it for themselves. It was only, like the right to petition and relatively free media, a limited concession of territorialist absolutism. – JZ, 2.1.08.

JURISDICTION: Beware, noble Lord, so that the interest of the State does not appear to you as justice.” – (Misstraut Euch, edler Lord, dass nicht der Nutzen des Staates Euch als Gerechtigkeit erscheine.) – Friedrich Schiller. - STATE, DISTRUST, REASONS OF STATE, REALPOLITIK, PUBLIC INTEREST, JUSTICE, SECURITY OR REASONS OF STATE, POWER, VESTED INTERESTS

JURISDICTION: Competing jurisdictions are described in Berman, Law and Revolution, a title referred to in Tom W. Bell, Privately Produced Law, LEGAL NOTES No. 16, Libertarian Alliance, U.K., 7 pages, an article with 41 footnotes. - COMPETING JURISDICTIONS, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW SYSTEMS

JURISDICTION: Do we have a chance to win? It's like a crap game. It can go either way. What will be the costs? That can only be determined once it is over.” - Remarks, not verbally correct, in the film Jesse, on a nurse on trial for practising medicine without a licence. - Whether she helped or harmed a patient was not considered important in this case! - JZ, n.d. & 27.10.02. – Justice as defined and enforced today is, all too often, just crap, instead of a shiny and inspiring ideal. – JZ, 16.1.09. - COURTS, JUSTICE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WELFARE STATE, TOTALITARIANISM, DICTATORSHIPS, DEMOCRACY, LAW, MAJORITARIANISM, POPULAR ERRRORS, MYTHS & PREJUDICES.

JURISDICTION: Governmental juridical judgments are mostly unjust - even though formally correct.” - JZ, 5.4.99. – That cannot be otherwise when they enforce unjust laws from which no one is free to secede. – JZ, 16.1.09. - GOVERNMENT COURTS, LAWS, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, MAJORITARIANISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

JURISDICTION: Interesting concept and article: http://The Jurisprudence of Polycentric Law - Jurisprudence of Polycentric Law/ – quoted by POLYCENTRIC LAW, Terry Mcintyre, Facebook, 22.6.12.

JURISDICTION: It is almost impossible to win a case against a governmental decision and its interpretations and precedents before any governmental court and its judges dependent upon the government and its laws, regulations and precedents, backed up by its numerous lawyers and also expensive outside lawyers as their back-up. So why try, unless one has millions to waste in an almost futile attempt? Anyhow, the politicians and their bureaucrats have covered themselves with numerous wrongful laws and precedents in their favor. No government has ever recognized all individual rights and liberties – JZ, 26.11.12. - OF GOVERNMENTAL COURTS ON GOVERNMENT DECISIONS BEFORE JUDGES DEPENDENT UPON A TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT  & ITS LAWS

JURISDICTION: It is better to be vexed to death than to bring a lawsuit.” - Chinese proverb. - Another one: “Once go to law, and there's nothing but trouble.” - Both quoted in: Jerold S. Auerbach, Justice without Law? 73 & 74. , COURTS, LAWSUITS

JURISDICTION: Legal suit: A machine which one enters as a pig and leaves as sausage.” – Ambrose Bierce, but not in the original but retranslated from the German version: “Eine Maschine, in die man als Schwein eingeht und die man als Wurst verlaesst.” - COURTS

JURISDICTION: Territorial constitutions, laws, regulations and institutions, privileges, powers and monopolies are what is mainly defended by governmental courts, i.e., largely injustices, rather than individual rights and liberties. Under this system no one is given a veto-right to uphold individual rights and liberties against continuous and official attacks, nor the right to secede and establish or join alternative and voluntary communities that are exterritorially quite autonomous. Thus are established and maintained State- or nation-wide territorial prisons, largely for innocent people, not convicted of any crimes with victims. The victims are only allowed to vote for one kind of master or the other - and to protest. - JZ, 5.4.99, 27.10.02. – TERRITORIALISM, CONSTITUTIONALISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM

JURISDICTION: the courtroom had become an arena for combat between self-serving lawyers rather than a place to seek the truth.” - Christopher L. Bennett, Aggravated Vehicular Genocide, ANALOG 11/98, p.120. - COURTS

JURISDICTION: the less courts do, the more they can do well, ...” - Jerold S. Auerbach, Justice Without Law? P.122. - COURTS & JUSTICE

JURISDICTION: This member of the government was at first considered as the most harmless and helpless of all its organs. But it has proved that the power of declaring what the law is, ad libitum, by sapping and mining, slyly, and without alarm, the foundations of the Constitution, can do what open force would not dare to attempt.” - Thomas Jefferson, Letter to Edward Livingston, 1825. – I hold that the legislators are still in the vanguard in denying genuine individual rights and liberties - with their avalanches of legislation, “positive” laws, in their totality unreadable, unknowable and inapplicable by anyone, but, effective in one way, namely in denying to individuals the free practice of their individual human rights and liberties in all too many ways, as long as they are not free to secede from them and their territorial mass production machine and enforcement bureaucracies. – JZ, 16.1.09. - COURTS, JUDGES, LAW, GOVERNMENT, CONSTITUTIONS, DIVISION OF POWERS, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM

JURISDICTION: When the fox administers justice, the chickens will always be found guilty. Cat Farmer – Courts of justice, free jury trials, arbitration systems, all competitive ones, rather than Royal judges or territorial and governmental monopoly court systems. – JZ, 27.4.13. - MONOPOLY BY TERRITORIAL STATES

JUSTICE: 75 Years in Prison For Videotaping Police - - Governmental "justice" at work! - But do realize: there are even worse governments, as many refugees can confirm. And all of them are based upon territorialism, i.e. without exterritorial, voluntary, individual and group secessionism and associationism, required also by freedom of contract, freedom to associate, freedom of action and freedom to experiment. Majority rule means, in most cases, merely legislation etc. based upon ignorance, prejudice, errors and myths. It denies genuine self-governance, self-determination and experimental freedom to the minorities of dissenters. Any kind of libertarianism for any kind of libertarian and also any kind of statism - but only for the present majority of statists. Territorial rule to be replaced by voluntarism, anarchism, polyarchism, multi-government, of any kind, all without a territorial monopoly. I see in this also the only way to avoid nuclear war. It eliminates the targets, motives and financial resources to keep up this wrongful mass extermination readiness. – JZ, 23.11.12, 21.9.13. – I still can’t quite believe such a prison sentence upon a single individual, for such an “offence”. – JZ, 6.10.12. – Who was the victim of such an “offence”, if the policemen involved were merely doing their duty and this quite correctly? Or do they now claim a “right” to act wrongfully and brutally and not to be recorded and persecuted when doing so? – JZ, 11.5.13. - VIA GOVERNMENTAL SYSTEMS?

JUSTICE: A commodity which is a more or less adulterated condition the State sells to the citizen as a reward for his allegiance, taxes and personal service.” – Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary. – Rather for his obedience, involuntary tribute payments and servitude to the new territorial and feudal masters, elected at most by a temporary majority and not by all the diverse and peaceful dissenters. – JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: A good parson once said that where mystery begins religion ends. Cannot I say, as truly at least, of human laws, that where mystery beings, justice ends? - Edmund Burke, 1729-1797. – The popular myths, error, prejudices, superstitions, dogmas, fallacies, false definitions, assumptions and conclusions are not longer mysteries but have, in most cases, already been thoroughly demystified and refuted, by at least someone, somewhere and at sometime in some quotes or texts. However, these refutations have not been fully collected and published in a systematical confrontation with all these all too numerous myths, which have swamped the truths in most countries and most heads of the population for hundreds, sometimes even thousands of years. – JZ, 11.5.13, 21.9.13. – ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS OF POPULAR ERRORS, PREJUDICES ETC., WHICH ARE OBSTACLES TO ENLIGHTENMENT, LIBERATION & PROGRESS IN EVERY SPHERE.

JUSTICE: A government founded upon anything except liberty and justice cannot and ought not to stand. All the wrecks on either side of the stream of time, all the wrecks of the great cities, and all the nations that have passed away - all are a warning that no nation founded upon injustice can stand. From the sand-enshrouded Egypt, from the marble wilderness of Athens, and from every fallen, crumbling stone of the once mighty Rome, comes a wail as it were, the cry that no nation founded upon injustice can permanently stand. - Robert G. Ingersoll, quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Grat Libertarians, 273. – No territorial government can have such a foundation, however limited it may be in other ways. – JZ, 11.5.13. – LIMITED BUT STILL TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, INJUSTICE, TERRITORIALISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, POWER, COERCION

JUSTICE: A just cause is strong.” - Thomas Middleton, A Trick to Catch the Old One, Act iii, 1.3. - But under present conditions it is not always stronger than the unjust ones, at least not in the short and medium-term. - JZ, 29.3.99. – How strong has the just cause been so far against e.g. nuclear “weapons”, central banking, the decision-making monopoly on war and peace? – JZ, 16.1.09. -  How well or badly or insufficiently and incompletely are many genuine individual rights and liberties declared by governmental bills of rights and how badly and insufficiently are they protected and how often rather ignored or offended against by legislators, bureaucrats, official police forces and judges? Does there exist even a single force, anywhere in the world as yet, that effectively protects all genuine individual rights and liberties, because it knows and appreciates all of them and is fully trained and armed to do so? – Do the victims always get the upper hand today against the victimizers? Are they always free to defend themselves efficiently? Are they always indemnified as the expense of the victimizers? – JZ, 11.5.13. - STRENGTH, DEFENCE, MILITIA, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, POLITICIANS, GOVERNMENTS, BUREAUCRATS, LAWS, LEGISLATION, POLICE, GOVERNMENT COURTS & JUDGES, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: A just cause needs no interpreting. / It carries its own case. But the unjust argument / since it is sick, needs clever medicine.” - Euripides, The Phoenician Women, c.411-409 B.C., tr. Elizabeth Wyckoff. - Since justice hasn't prevailed everywhere, people do either know it not, have not interpreted it correctly or simply assumed that it would fight its own battles without their assistance and would always win. - JZ, 15.11.85. – That belief is just as harmful as their belief that a free market for ideas and talents does already exist. – And the one that a God exists, as a just and loving father of all humans. - JZ, 16.1.09. -LAWS, LAWYERS, COURTS

JUSTICE: A kingdom founded on injustice never lasts.” - Seneca (the Younger), Seldes, The Great Quotations, p.512. That of the Soviets lasted for over two generations! That of Mao also for all too long. – JZ 16.1.09.

JUSTICE: A right delayed is a right denied.” - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. - RIGHTS & DELAYS

JUSTICE: A San Franciscan, who murdered the city's mayor and then pleaded that he was upset by financial pressures, political setbacks, and the chemical impact of eating junk food, was convicted of the lowest possible charge and was eligible for parole barely five years after …  After two men in Detroit beat a Chinese-American to death after a barroom argument about automobile imports, the judge sentenced them to a $ 3,780 fine and three years probation.” - Newt Gingrich, Window of Opportunity, A Blueprint for the Future, p.228. – Too many judges lack sufficient judgment or have too much bias. – JZ, 9.2.08. - JUSTICE THROUGH GOVERNMENTS? COURTS, JUDGES, CRIME:

JUSTICE: A small instance of justice does not mean that the justice expressed in it could not be very important in principle and as an example. - JZ, 4.9.89. (A part change of a remark by Kant, saying, essentially, in my words: A small example of injustice does not mean that the injustice expressed in it could not be very large. - JZ

JUSTICE: A world made new in the justice of life.” - NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, June 78, p.812. - I prefer the following version: A world made new by the love of justice. - JZ, 30.3.88. – Life is not necessarily and automatically just. – It takes sufficient knowledge, reasoning and an extra effort. - JZ, 16.1.09. – So far it does also live, largely, off other life. E.g. vegetarians, while not eating the flesh of animals, do eat plants, raw or cooked and the “greenies” do not yet blame them for this. – JZ, 11.5.13. - LOVE, LIFE

JUSTICE: Above all other things is justice: success is a good thing; wealth is good also; honor is better, but justice excels them all.” - D. D. Field, Speeches: Law Reform, 18 March, 1876.

JUSTICE: Absolute freedom mocks at justice. Absolute justice denies freedom.” - Albert Camus, The Rebel, 1951. - More nonsense by another famous name. Here he seems to mix up licence or arbitrariness with freedom and justice for all. - JZ, 4.4.89, 28.10.02. - All too many people discredit themselves by their own statements. - JZ, 28.10.02. - ABSOLUTE JUSTICE, FREEDOM, - FREEDOM,

JUSTICE: Admittedly, there are numerous distinguished economists - they call themselves utilitarians - who, by cause-and effect reasoning, arrive at free market, private property, limited government conclusions. But the case for liberty should, in my opinion, be argued more along the lines of men's rights - justice - than along strictly materialistic lines. For more on this, see my How to Reduce Taxes, FEE, Irvington on Hudson, N.Y.” - L. E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.32. – PRAGMATISM, UTILITARIANISM, PRAXEOLOGY, MATERIALISM, STIRNER-FOLLOWERS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATE SOCIALISM, COLLECTIVISM VS. INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, ETHICS, MORALITY

JUSTICE: After all, laws came and went, were adapted and then discarded, but the spirit of justice was eternal. – J. M. Dillard, Star Trek. Deep Space Nine, Emissary, p.58. – Alas, it has still not been clearly enough expressed and published in any comprehensive declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties and I do not even know of anyone, still alive, apart from myself, among 7 billion people, who is systematically working towards that aim. Do you? – JZ, 11.5.13. - INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES VS. LAW, & “POSITIVE” LEGISLATION

JUSTICE: After all, the practical reason why, when the power is once in the hands of the people, a majority are permitted, and for a long period continue, to rule, is not because they are most likely to be in the right, nor because this seems fairest to the minority, but because they are physically the strongest. But a government in which the majority rule in all cases cannot be based on justice, even as far as man understand it. Can there not be a government in which majorities do not virtually decide right and wrong, but conscience? - in which majorities decide only those questions to which the rule of expediency is applicable? Must the citizen ever for a moment, or in the least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? Why has every man a conscience, then?” - Thoreau, On Civil Disobedience. - CONSCIENCE & DISOBEDIENCE, BOTING, MAJORITARIANISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, DEMOCRACY, LEGISLATION, LAWS

JUSTICE: All around us the substitutes for true justice contest for power: 'Equality of opportunity', 'social justice', 'freedom from want'. Meanwhile, justice in the old way 'to each his due' - seems to have been shunted aside.” - Source? – INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, STILL INSUFFICIENTLY DECLARED TO DEFINE JUSTICE IN THE REQUIRED DETAILS.

JUSTICE: All that is needed to remedy the evils of our time is to do justice and give freedom.” - Henry George, The Condition of Labor. – Even the followers of Henry George do not fully agree whether that requires State action or free enterprise. But at least some of them made some free enterprise and capitalistic as well as voluntary attempts to realize their land reform ideals among themselves, at their own expense and risk. – JZ, 11.5.13. - FREEDOM

JUSTICE: An essential condition with justice owed to others is that one offers it immediately, without any delays. To let people wait for it amounts to injustice.” – (Ein wesentlicher Umstand bei der Gerechtigkeit, die man andern schuldet, ist, dass man sie ihnen sogleich und ohne Aufschub widerfahren laesst; sie auf sich warten lassen ist Ungerechtigkeit.) - La Bruyère, Charaktere, Kap. XII. - Compare the much more concise: "Justice delayed is justice denied." – At least in this respect conventional Muslim justice was better. – JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: An unjust law is a contradiction in terms.” - Isaac Asimov, The Caves of Steel, GALAXY SF, No. 13, UK, 73. - Unjust laws are the rule rather than the exception in all current “positive” legislation. - JZ, 7.10. 00, 21.9.13. - All laws may be lawful, in the worst sense, that of merely being formally correctly proposed and passed, but only very few laws so passed and still in force are full of justice. The more laws, the less justice - is an ancient and often pronounced experience - but it seems to be unknown to most of the current legislators, adding to the past avalanches of laws and to their enforcers, bureaucrats, judges and policemen. Moreover, no one has even the time to read all the laws that are still in force and those annually added to this mass, until they are replaced or supplemented by still longer, more unjust and more senseless laws. - JZ, 8.2.02, 11.5.13, 21.9.13. -  Unjust laws are the common practice! By the tens of thousands! – JZ, 16.1.09. VS. LAW, GENUINE LAW, THAT DESERVES THIS TERM & IS IN ACCORDANCE WITH NATURAL LAW, JUSTICE OR GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, LEGISLATION IN MASS ATTACKS UPON THE LAW

JUSTICE: And conceptions of justice that the rest almost entirely upon legal procedure ... still trouble ordinary citizens who have difficulty defining justice but know injustice when they receive it.” - Jerold S. Auerbach, Justice Without Law? p.143. - INJUSTICE & ORDINARY CITIZENS

JUSTICE: And it is invalid to say of a fact either that it is or that it is not just; only actions are just or unjust.” - David Kelley, THE FREEMAN, 1/75. – Things are neither just nor unjust but their use can be either, e.g. in the case of weapons or poisons. Terms like justice and injustice, rights and liberties apply only to persons assumed to be sufficiently rational to know and appreciate genuine rights and liberties. Alas, the number of people who know and appreciate all of them or who show at least a serious interest for all of them, is still extremely rare. The only other such person I knew died in 1969. Can you name many others to me? – JZ, 11.5.13. -

JUSTICE: Anyone who seeks justice through his own efforts is branded as a criminal, since he has violated the governmental monopoly on justice.” - Leland Schubert, describing James L. Walker's views in "MINUS ONE", Spring 1/73. – SELF-DEFENCE, SELF-HELP, TERRITORIALISM VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SECESSIONISM, RIGHTFUL MILITIAS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, POLICE, GOVERNMENTAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS

JUSTICE: As Proudhon put it: I say that you need a clear, positive, and exact expression of your whole idea [of justice], - that is, an expression which states at once the principle, the means, and the end; and I add that that expression is association.” – When Proudhon wrote that “Association is Justice”, ... - William O. Reichert, Natural Right in the Political Philosophy of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, in JOURNAL OF LIBERTARIAN STUDIES, Winter 80, p.78. - The Mafia, other crime syndicates and any gangs or robbers and thieves are also associations but they do hardly represent justice. To speak merely of voluntary associations is not clear enough, because they are that, too - but they invade the voluntary associations of others. Thus they are aggressive, criminal, intolerant associations, as opposed to peaceful, honest and tolerant and merely defensive or liberating associations. I guess the writer had only the latter in mind in spite of the numerous examples of the former. - JZ, 28.10.02, 11.5.13. - PANARCHISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR VOLUNTEERS IN ALL SPHERES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES, PROUDHON

JUSTICE: As soon as Justice returns, the golden age returns.” (Jam redit et Virgo, redeunt Saturnia regna.) Vergil, Eclogues, No. iv, 1.6. – How can something return that never existed before? – JZ, 16.1.09. – GOLDEN AGE? PARADISE IN THE PAST OR AT BEST IN THE FUTURE ONLY?

JUSTICE: Asked about his actions, God said: Return good for good. Return evil with justice.” - Zarlanga, The Orator, p.55. - Why doesn't God do this - and this without delay? Apparently, we cannot sue him and he does not care about us, his supposed “children”. - JZ, 28.10.02, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. - GOOD VS. EVIL, GOD, CHRISTIANITY

JUSTICE: Based throughout on the atrocious idea that political power ought to determine the material position of the different individuals or groups.” – F. A. Hayek, quoted by Ron Manners, on "Social Justice". - SOCIAL JUSTICE

JUSTICE: Be just. Don't look for culprits but for causes.” – (Seid gerecht. Sucht nicht Schuldige, sondern Ursachen.) - Werner Mitsch. - But there are also some culprits whose actions are not caused by conditions, the environment, society etc. but who cause injustices themselves, and willfully so. - Some ideological "causes" are unjust to some, many, most or even all. One instance of the latter: "Every leash has two ends." - CULPRITS, CAUSAL THINKING, PERSONAL THINKING, SCAPEGOATS, TERRITORIALISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, COERCION, INITIATED FORCE, AGGRESSORS, CRIMINALS WITH VICTIMS

JUSTICE: believe in justice rather than in power …” - T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, p.116. - Stirnerites often believe in power rather than in justice. - JZ, 27.7.92. - When they do, they have this in common with totalitarians. - JZ, 28.10.02. – I believe in justice – although I do not experience it to a sufficient extent. I also believe in power, very critically, because I experience it all too much, rather than justice. – JZ, 16.1.09. – POWER, STIRNER

JUSTICE: Brutus sacrificed his sons to his country, though this was probably not absolutely necessary. Were I forced to choose, I would be prepared to sacrifice my country to justice.” - Proudhon, quoted by S. Edwards in "The Question of Nationalities", p.189. – Even Trotsky “limited” his readiness to sacrifice people to 75% of the population of Russia! – JZ, 16.1.09. – No country is guilty. No whole population is guilty. – JZ, 11.5.13. - HUMAN SACRIFICES, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE

JUSTICE: Bureaucratically administered justice means justice distorted or even destroyed. - JZ, 8.12.85, 16.1.09, 20.9.13. - ADMINISTRATION, BUREAUCRATIC & GOVERNMENTAL JUSTICE

JUSTICE: Bureaucratically administered justice means as much the destruction of justice as bureaucratically administered love and friendship would mean the destruction of love and friendship. - JZ, 8.12.85. – Compare: PRICE CONTROL, RENT CONTROL, WAGE CONTROL, TRADE CONTROL OR PROTECTIONISM (WHICH DIMINISH OR DESTROY TRADES) ADMINISTRATION, BUREAUCRATIC & GOVERNMENTAL JUSTICE, LOVE, FRIENDSHIP, CONTROLS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

JUSTICE: But if justice be a natural principle, then it is necessarily an immutable one; and can no more be changed - by any power inferior to that which established it - than can the law of gravitation, the laws of light, the principles of mathematics, or any other natural law or principle whatever; and all attempts or assumptions, on the part of any man of body of men - whether calling themselves governments, or by any other name - to set up their own commands, wills, pleasure, or discretion, in the place of justice, as a rule of conduct for any human being, are as much an absurdity, an usurpation, and a tyranny, as would be their attempts to set up their own commands, wills, pleasure, or discretion in place of any and all the physical, mental, and moral laws of the universe.” – Lysander Spooner, Natural Law, V. – NATURAL LAW, NATURAL RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUSTICE: But justice is the product of reason not the passions. And justice is the necessary support of the social order, and the social order is necessary to man's well-being and happiness. If this is so, the norms of justice must control and regulate the passions, and not vice versa.” - A, Kenneth Hesselberg, Hume, Natural Law and Justice, 1961. - Quoted in: Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.13. – The territorial “social order” of States brings about mainly only injustice, official exploitation via tribute levies, social, economic and political disorder, despotism, civil wars, international wars, the repression of individualism, individual sovereignty, minority autonomy, personal law or exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, full freedom of association, contract and experimentation. – JZ, 11.5.13. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, REASON, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES SUBJECTED TO POPULAR ERRORS, PREJUDICES & PASSIONS

JUSTICE: But nothing can justify injustice.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.530.

JUSTICE: Charity begins at home, and justice begins next door.” - Charles Dickens, 1812-1870, in "Martin Chuzzlewit", Ch. 27. – As if the beating of e.g. children and wives at home would be charitable and O.K. – JZ, 11.5.13. - CHARITY

JUSTICE: Charity is indeed a noble and beautiful virtue, grateful to man, and approved by God. But charity must be built on justice. It cannot supersede justice.” - Henry George, The Condition Of Labor, p.92. – “God” seems to favor or tolerate all too short life-spans and all too many accidents and diseases for his “children”. – JZ, 11.5.13. - CHARITY, LOVE, BENEVOLENCE, ALTRUISM, GOD

JUSTICE: Chief Justice Jay said in perhaps the greatest opinion he ever wrote, that "justice is always the same, whether it is due from one man to a million, or from a million to one man." - Albert Jay Nock, Journal of Forgotten Days, May 1934 - October 1935, Regnery, 1948, p.105. Also in Albert Jay Nock, Memoirs of a Superfluous Man, Harper, 1943, p.76. - Ibid, 77: “We learned not only that justice is always the same in small matters as in great, but we also learned thoroughly the consequent lesson which seems to unaccountably hard for Anglo-Saxons ever to learn, that justice is always the same in the case of men and things you do not like, as in the case of those you do like.” - Ibid, p. 78: “… a third great truth about justice, namely: that justice is seldom enough. It showed how necessary it is that matters should be managed not only with justice but with the appearance of justice, and that very often the appearance of justice is as important as the substance of justice.” - As if there could not be different criminal laws, court systems and police- and prison systems, indemnification systems for different people living in different communities, all freely chosen by individuals for themselves. – Just like there are some different systems under territorialism. - JZ, 16.1.09. – PERSONAL LAWS, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, MINORITY AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM VS. TERRITORIALISM, MAJORITY RULE

JUSTICE: Children and barbarians have clear ideas of justice due to them, but no idea at all of justice due from them. … there was still a large part of every population which was civilized only in that it could use tools.” - Murray Leinster, Med Service, p.93 of ASTOUNDING SF, 8/57. & ASTOUNDING SF, Dec. 57. - CHILDREN, BARBARIANS, CIVILIZATION, PEOPLE & TOOLS

JUSTICE: Conformity to truth, fact or right reason, fairness, rightfulness; truth, impartiality.” - quoted by Sprading as an accepted definition.

JUSTICE: Conscience in the service of Justice and Genius in the service of Truth. …” - Zarlanga, The Orator, p.56. - TRUTH, CONSCIENCE & GENIUS

JUSTICE: courts of justice do not actually dispense justice at all, but only law, ...” - H. L. Mencken, 1919. - COURTS OF JUSTICE & THE LAW

JUSTICE: Delay in justice is injustice.” - Walter Savage Landor, in: Seldes, The Great Quotations, p.512.

JUSTICE: Did You Know: Lawsuits Out of Control: A former employee of the Smithsonian was awarded $400,000 because his employer referred to him as an "old fart". - Secrets of the Sentient. - COURTS, JUDGES, LAWYERS, LIBEL LAWS, INDEMNIFICATION SPLEENS, INSULTS

JUSTICE: Do every man equal justice. Let no innocent man suffer, let no guilty man escape.” - Isaac Charles Parker of Fort Smith, Arkansas, also known as the "Hanging Judge". – As if we were already in the position and had the power to do so, living in a just and free society of our own individual choice and were sufficiently and rightfully organized to effectively participate in this process. – JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Do you really believe that something as sensitive as justice should be administered by the government? Wouldn't this be as likely to be badly administered as the government post office and the government health services are and as a government regulating sex life and food supply would be? - JZ, 1974, 7.1.1986, 21.9.13. – POLICE- & COURT MONOPOLY

JUSTICE: Doesn't every individual owe it to himself to act justly towards others?” - R. A. Childs, Jr., INDIVIDUALIST, May 71. – DUTY, Q., OBLIGATION, RESPONSIBILITY

JUSTICE: Don't offer anything that is less than 100% just - as an ideal. - JZ, 26.6.1974. - However, this ideal would tend to differ for different people and their voluntary communities. Let them have their own choices, in this sphere as well, for all their internal affairs. Naturally, they should have no jurisdiction over others, unless these others offended against internally claimed rights and liberties, which are also respected by an internationally recognized law that is based upon individual rights and liberties. For instance, religious communities may punish "blasphemy" etc. uttered by their voluntary members but not among non-members, even when uttered in the presence of their members. But they would be entitled to forcefully remove someone who thus disturbed e.g. one of their religious meetings. House rules are to be respected, at least as property rights, no matter how wrong and absurd they do appear to others. To that extent: “When in Rome, do as the Romans do." - but without extending that "principle" to the whole territory of the Roman empire and all people living there, under the assumption that they would all constitute "one people" or one household or one business or one voluntary association. - JZ, 16.11.02. – Not even the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire did that. It left them free to practise at least some of the local customs, even while they were imperialistically exploited and subdued. – JZ, 21.9.13. -  PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: Each person is justified in defending his body and property from invasion. Invasion is the threat of or actual use of physical force to compel obedience. Justice will not come to reign unless those who care for its coming are prepared to insist upon its value and have the courage to speak out against what they know to be wrong.” - Quoted by Carl Watner, On Justice, p. 39. – Speaking out against injustice is not enough! – At present the unjust are still much better organized and armed. – Their victims are largely disarmed, disorganized and untrained for rightful resistance and not even free to secede. - JZ, 16.1.09, 21.9.13. - SELF-DEFENCE, RESISTANCE, PROTECTION OF GENUINE RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, IDEAL MILITIAS FOR THEIR DEFENCE

JUSTICE: else they grow restless and take justice into their own hands. That is anarchy.” - Greg Bear, Queen of Angels, p.323. - He probably meant it only in this sense of chaos. - JZ – ANARCHY, MILITIA, SELF-DEFENCE, FREE CHOICE AMONG JURISDICTION & ARBITRATION SYSTEMS, FREE JURIES, ELECTED JUDGES, VOLUNTARISM, ASSOCIATIONISM VS. TERRITORIAL STATISM

JUSTICE: Empires without justice, what are they otherwise than great gangs of robbers? – (Reiche ohne Gerechtigkeit, was sind diese anderes als grosse Raeuberhoehlen? ) - Augustinus, De civitate Dei, 4, 4. - EMPIRES & KINGDOMS, STATES, TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: Establish justice as the only means of banishing the menace of war.” - Ramsay Muir, Future of Democracy, 1939. - VS. WAR, PEACE & JUSTICE

JUSTICE: Even those, who are not members of a party, are taking a stand. They favor justice.” – (Auch Parteilose sind nicht parteilos. Sie sind fuer die Gerechtigkeit.) - Stanislaw Jerzy Lec. - Everybody ought to be a member of a genuine justice party. Since all don't agree on this, let all be free to opt out and establish their own justice system among themselves. - JZ, 5.7.92. - NON-PARTISANS, PARTIES, INDEPENDENTS, PANARCHISM, PANARCHISM, COMPETING JURISDICTION SYSTEMS, FREELY CHOSEN BY SOVEREIGN CONSUMERS

JUSTICE: Every man has certain judicial powers or rights. He has by nature the right to judge and enforce his own rights, to judge or redress his on wrongs. But, in doing so, a man must only act in accordance with his own judgment and conscience, subject to his own personal responsibility if he commits an error injurious to another.” - Carl Watner, on Spooner, "REASON", 3/73.

JUSTICE: Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own interest in his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man or order of men. – Adam Smith in  – & FREEDOM, COMPETITION, PROPERTY, MONOPOLIES, FREE MARKET, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, EXCHANGE, PROPERTY, INVESTMENT, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, FREE MARKETS FOR ALL SERVICES PRESENTLY TERRITORIALLY MONOPOLIZED BY GOVERNMENTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SELF-OWNERSHIP 

JUSTICE: Every virtue is included in the idea of justice, and every just man is good.” - Theognis: Elegies, c. 550 B.C. - MAN, GOODNESS, VIRTUE

JUSTICE: Extreme [legal] justice is extreme injustice.” – (Summum ius summa iniuria.) - Anonymous Latin Legal maxim cited by Cicero, De Officiis 1.10.33. – Example: Death penalty for a boy, who stole an apple. – JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Extremism in the defence of liberty is no vice, moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.” - MALCOLM X. - Death penalty for a boy, who stole an apple? – JZ, 11.5.13. - MODERATION, RADICALISM, EXTREMISM, LIBERTY

JUSTICE: Fairness is the moral principle, which takes over when considerations of desert and entitlement either do not or cannot arise. 'And fairness, unlike justice, does (in general) demand equality' (Matson, p. 54). It is again significant that those who want equality do most often demand not just but fair shares.” - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.94. - FAIRNESS & EQUALITY, EGALITARIANISM, STATE SOCIALISM

JUSTICE: FIAT JUSTITIA, PEREAT MUNDUM. But the world does not perish, where justice is done.” - Frederic Ewen, in his introduction to Heinrich Heine, p.50. – The following translation by Carl Watner may be more correct. – JZ.

JUSTICE: Fiat justitia, ruat coelum. (Let justice be done though the heavens fall.) (Act justly, although the world might perish.) - Carl Watner, On Justice, p.36. – Are such radicals, if they act upon their slogans, less dangerous than the totalitarians are? – JZ, 16.1.09. – Especially when their principle of “justice” amounts to “collective responsibility”, which can lead us into an all-out nuclear war. – JZ, 17.1.09. – Can justice be enforced with nuclear mass murder devices? – JZ, 11.5.13. – One might also ask: If we managed to establish justice, freedom an peace on Earth, what for would we still need a Heaven and its God? – JZ, 21.9.13. - COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, NWT

JUSTICE: For any twentieth century American who'd been paying attention at all, the phrase "criminal justice system" should have been warning enough.” - William Wilde Curringer, Unfinished Memoirs. - One should note, that it is not called a monopolistic justice system or an honest or efficient justice system, but a criminal one. – JZ 13.3.99, 11.5.13. - COURTS, JURISDICTION, CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

JUSTICE: For justice, against the laws.” – (Pro jure contra legem.) - Quoted by Victor Hugo in his "Deeds and Words." – I recognize only justice as defined in a complete and clear declaration of genuine individual rights and liberties, to the extent that at least some humans have so far discovered and stated them. Alas, I stand, largely, alone in this, a single voice in the wilderness. – JZ, 11.5.13 - LAWS VS. THE LAW

JUSTICE: For natural law is justice itself … the nature of justice can no more be altered by legislation than the nature of numbers can be altered by the same means.” - Lysander Spooner. - LAW, NATURAL LAW

JUSTICE: Force without justice is tyranny and justice without force is futility." - source?

JUSTICE: Freely competing juridical systems would come closer to justice than a monopolistic and governmental one could, in practice, not only under wrong assumptions and vain promises. - JZ, 5.4.99, 21.9.13. - COMPETING COURTS, COMPETING PERSONAL LAWS & CONSTITUTIONS, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM

JUSTICE: From Earth to Heav'n when Justice fled, // The Laws decided in her Stead; // From Heav'n to Earth should she return, // Lawyers might beg, and Lawbooks burn.” - "Poor Richard", by Benjamin Franklin, 1746.

JUSTICE: From the fact that one may forcefully subject men to justice it does not follow at all that it would be just to subject men to force.” – (Daraus, dass man die Menschen mit Gewalt der Gerechtigkeit unterwerfen kann, folgt durchaus nicht, dass es gerecht sei, die Menschen der Gewalt zu unterwerfen.) - Pascal. - FORCE, COERCION, COMPULSION

JUSTICE: Furthermore, even those who buy and sell, lease or rent and are involved in business do need justice for the conduct of their affairs. Indeed, the power of this virtue is so large that not even those who live from crimes and wrong-doing can survive quite without a spark of justice. – (Ferner haben auch diejenigen, welche kaufen, verkaufen, pachten, verpachten und in Geschaeftsabschluesse verwickelt werden, die Gerechtigkeit fuer ihre Geschaeftsfuehrung durchaus noetig. Ja die Macht dieser Tugend ist so gross, dass nicht einmal diejenigen, welche von Uebeltaten und Freveln leben, ganz ohne einen Funken von Gerechtigkeit zu leben imstande sind.)” - Cicero, Drei Buecher von den Pflichten, 2.11. - BUSINESSMEN, CONTRACTS, MARKET, ECONOMY, VIRTUE, CRIMINALS, WRONGDOERS, OFFENDERS, GANGSTERS

JUSTICE: General justice and mutual interest are found more capable of binding men than signatures and seals.” – William Godwin, in Sprading, p.102. – MUTUAL INTERESTS, CONTRACTS, TREATIES

JUSTICE: Give up on lawyers and governments, courts and judges - but never on justice, free arbitration and free juries, individual liberties and rights. - JZ, 5.4.99.

JUSTICE: Government "justice" mainly favors monopolies, prohibitions, lawyers, judges, barristers, politicians and bureaucrats rather than individual rights and liberties of human beings. - JZ, 23.8.95, 27.10.02, 11.5.13. - GOVERNMENTS

JUSTICE: Governments exploit the idea of justice by setting themselves up as the sole legitimate guardians of justice.” - View ascribed to James L. Walker by Leland Schubert in "MINUS ONE", Spring 73. - GOVERNMENT, MONOPOLIZED "JURISDICTION" & "JUSTICE"

JUSTICE: Governments have less interest in justice, individual rights and liberties than in laws and their law-making powers, taxation and decision-making powers and monopolies and their interpretation and use of them. - JZ, 18.8.95, 11.5.13. - LAWS, GOVERNMENT, REPRESENTATIVES, DEMOCRACY, POWER ADDICTION, RULERS, LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS

JUSTICE: Habit creates the appearance of justice; progress has no greater enemy than habit.” - José Marti, ANALOG 12/00, page 233. - PROGRESS, HABIT, CUSTOM & TRADITION

JUSTICE: Has justice ever grown in the soil of absolute power? Has not justice always come from the press of the heart and spirit of men who resist power?” - Woodrow Wilson, 1912. - So, what was he doing in power? - JZ, 16.11.02. – The “press of the heart”, the “spirit of men”, their conscience, moral sense and all too incomplete knowledge and appreciation of genuine individual rights and liberties, are not a sufficient substitute for the completion, publication and sufficient public discussion and, finally, sufficient understanding and appreciation of the most complete and clearest declaration of such rights and liberties that would be possible by now, if a serious effort were made in this direction by the freedom lovers, especially anarchists and libertarians. Alas, I have seen no sign of such an effort as yet by those “freedom and justice lovers”, who are still alive now. Have you? Please, point me out their names and addresses and the texts they have produced. – JZ, 11.5.13, 21.9.13. - - DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUSTICE: Have you ever thought about the monopoly of justice and how the odds are stacked against any "defendant"? - Sørengaard Srugis shared Bastiat Institute's photo. – Facebook, 8.2.13. - 1) The police officer or agent works for the State. - 2) The judge works for the State. - 3) The prosecutor works for the State. - 4) The defense lawyer in most cases works for the State. - 5) The jury is chosen by the State.

JUSTICE: He injures the good who spares the bad.” - Publilius Syrus, Sententiae, c. 50 B.C. - MERCY, CRUELTY, CRIMINALS, PUNISHMENT

JUSTICE: He is alert to the need to differentiate between justice and envy.” - Earl Ravenal, 1976 Washington D.C., LP National Convention report. Ravenal gave a speech as a foreign policy analyst. – “Social justice” is neither social nor just but, rather, an anti-social injustice, based upon wrongful State Socialist, communist and collectist assumptions that are contrary to genuine individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 11.5.13. - SOCIAL JUSTICE, ENVY

JUSTICE: He that's merciful unto the bad is cruel to the good.” - Thomas Randolph, The Muses' Looking-Glass, 1636. - MERCY, CRUELTY

JUSTICE: He who refuses justice surrenders everything to him who is armed.” - (Arma tenati Omnia dat qui justa negat.) - Lucan, De Bello Civili, Bk. i, 1.348. - The denial of justice to minority groups leads some of their members to deny justice to innocents by means of terrorist actions against them, committed under false notions of "collective responsibility" for the original and persistent wrongs, by some decision-makers and their helpers, against groups which the terrorists try to represent. Alas, the terrorists themselves aim, as a rule, at territorial rule as well, with them on top and, in their turn, similarly oppressing others, who disagree with them. Endless terror and counter-terror are the result. Civil wars and international wars are largely the same thing but officially organized and practised on a much larger scale. - The official terrorists are the worst. - Not that this excuses any private terrorist actions. - JZ, 16.11.02. – TERROR & TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: How are you to find justice at the hands of officers of the court who believe in the sanctity of the law? - Jim Andrews, FREEDOM TODAY, 10/75. – LAW, LAWS & COURTS, Q.

JUSTICE: How is justice to be served if the laws are not to be questioned?” - FREEDOM TODAY, Oct. 75.

JUSTICE: I am interested in justice, not the law. There is an unfortunate difference.” - Peter O'Donnell, A Taste for Death, p.106. – LAWS AS OPPOSED TO THE LAW

JUSTICE: I believe that justice is instinct and innate, that the moral sense is as much part of our constitution as that of feeling, seeing, or hearing.” - Thomas Jefferson, Letter to John Adams, 1816. – However, instincts and senses not guided by reason are all too often misleading. A guide in form of an ideal declaration of all individual rights and liberties is still missing. – JZ, 16.1.09. – Should it express only not merely our instincts or our moral sense but also our rationality, reason and best judgment? – JZ, 10.5.13, 21.9.13. - INSTINCT, MORAL SENSE, NATURAL JUSTICE, HUMAN NATURE, MAN

JUSTICE: I departed from legality only to return to justice.” - Napoleon III, Explanation of the coup d'état of Dec. 2, 1851. - That was his excuse or pretence. He hardly introduced justice. But then mere laws, before and after him, didn't, either. - JZ, 27.10.02. – He started his rule with a terrorizing blood bath. – JZ, 16.1.09. – LEGALITY, LAWS, IMPARTIALITY, TERRORISM

JUSTICE: I say that you need a clear, positive, and exact expression of your whole idea (of justice), that is, an expression which states at once the principle, the means, and the end; and I add that that expression is ASSOCIATION. - "Association Is Justice.” – Proudhon, quoted in JLS, Winter 80, p. 78. – In other words, he attempted to explain one insufficiently defined word by another insufficiently defined word. – JZ, 11.5.13. - ASSOCIATIONISM, VOLUNTARYISM, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: I'll not sell my birth-right for a mess of pottage, for Justice is my natural right, my heirdom, my inheritance by lineal descent from the loins of Adam, and so to all the sons of men as their proper right without respect to persons.” - Overton, 9.9.1648. – Did he mean what we now call “heirloom”? – JZ

JUSTICE: I'm armed with more than complete steel - / The justice of my quarrel.” - Lust's Dominion, 1647, 4.3, attributed to Christopher Marlowe. - FORCE, STRENGTH, POWER

JUSTICE: If citizens really sought, knew, appreciated and fought for justice in the form of individual rights and liberties, well organized and trained for just this purpose, then politicians, lawyers, and judges could no longer fob them off with their kind of legislation and jurisdiction and territorial “self”-government. - JZ, n.d. & 11.5.13, 21.9.13. - INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, CITIZENS, LAWYERS, LAWS, LEGISLATION, JURISDICTION, CITIZENS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, “SELF”-GOVERNMENT VS. TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, RIGHTFUL MILITIAS

JUSTICE: If each of us will treat each other human being as a person, and respect the essential humanity of that person by respecting his right to free choice, we will achieve justice.” - Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 5/74.

JUSTICE: If justice be not a natural principle, it is no principle at all. If it be not a natural principle, there is no such thing as justice. If it be not a natural principle, all that men have ever said or written about it, from time immemorial, has been said and written about that which had no existence. If it be not a natural principle, all the appeals for justice that have ever been heard, and all the struggles for justice that have ever been witnessed, have been appeals and struggles for a mere fantasy, a vagary of the imagination, and not for a reality.” – Lysander Spooner, Natural Law.

JUSTICE: If justice be not a natural principle, then there is no such thing as injustice; and all the crimes of which the world has been the scene, have been no crimes at all; but only simple events, like the falling of the rain, or the setting of the sun; events of which the victims had no more reason to complain than they had to complain of the running of the streams, or the growth of vegetation. - If justice be not a natural principle, governments (so-called) have no more right or reason to take cognizance of it, or to pretend or profess to take cognizance of it, than they have to take cognizance, or to pretend or profess to take cognizance, of any other nonentity; and all their professions of establishing justice, or of maintaining justice, or of regarding justice, are simply the mere gibberish of fools, or the frauds of impostors.” - Lysander Spooner, Natural Law.

JUSTICE: If justice is to be for sale then I would rather have it supplied by competitors, among whom I can freely choose, than by a territorial monopoly system. - JZ, 16.11.02. - THROUGH COMPETITION RATHER THAN ENFORCED & TERRITORIAL UNIFORMITY

JUSTICE: If justice perishes then the survival of man on earth is no longer of value.” – (“Wenn die Gerechtigkeit untergeht, hat es keinen Wert mehr, dass Menschen auf Erden leben.”) - Kant, Metaphysik der Sitten. – Since justice has never fully prevailed on Earth – have man and mankind become valueless? – At least the unofficial and the official terrorists seem to think so. - JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. - MAN, MANKIND, SURVIVAL, NWT, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY INSTEAD OF INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM & PERSONAL LAW OR PANARCHISM FOR ALL KINDS OF VOLUNTEERS

JUSTICE: If mankind does not relinquish at once, and forever, its vain, mad, and fatal dream of justice, the world will lapse into barbarism.” - George Moore, Confessions of a Young Man, VIII, 1888. - Rather, let people practise their different systems of justice among themselves. Only such a tolerant system is over-all just to all. - JZ, 10.7.86. – Is genuine justice really eagerly pursued? Do most people even know and appreciate genuine individual rights and liberties or show a serious interest in them? – The widespread barbarism lies in ignorance of and disrespect for or disinterest in these rights and liberties. - JZ, 16.1.09. - PANARCHISM, BARBARISM, PERSONAL LAW, CIVILIZATION, DIS., INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUSTICE: If men are to live together as civilised beings, then justice, not sacrifice, must be the ruling principle among them. Just as productiveness is the primary expression of man's rationality in his relationship to nature, so justice is the primary expression of man is rationality in his relationship to other men.” - Ayn Rand, quoted in a paper by Mrs. Young, on A. R., p.17.

JUSTICE: If one really wishes to know how justice is administered in a country, one does not question the policemen, the lawyers, the judges, or the protected members of the middle class. One goes to the unprotected – those, precisely, who need the law's protection most! – and listens to their testimony. –James Baldwin, African-American Author, "No Name in the Street." – His first question should have been: is this service competitively provided or monopolistically and territorially? – JZ, 21.4.13. - JUSTICE SYSTEMS & THEIR INVOLUNTARY VICTIMS, COMPETING JUSTICE SYSTEMS ALL ONLY FOR VOLUNTEERS

JUSTICE: If the idea that we form of justice and right is ill defined, if it is imperfect or even false, it is clear that all our legislative applications will be wrong, our institutions vicious, our politics erroneous; and, consequently, there will be disorder and chaos.” - Proudhon, What is Property? 1840, in Tucker's translation, p.26/27. Unfortunately, this work, too, expressed and led to many chaotic thoughts and actions. – JZ, 16.1.09.

JUSTICE: If there is any society among robbers and murderers, they must at least, according to the trite observation, abstain from robbing and murdering one another. Beneficence, therefore, is less essential to the existence of society than justice. Society may subsist, though not in the most comfortable state, without beneficence; but the prevalence of injustice must utterly destroy it.” – Adam Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments, in David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997, p.59. – It, too, is copyrighted. Libertarians have so far not even settled the question of copyrights between them. I recently bought, second-hand, for only A$1 and watched the disc of a 2000 Metro Goldwyn Meyer movie, which attacks intellectual property rights claims. It is called “ANTITRUST”. Typically, it is copyrighted by MGM and also, 2006, by Twentieth Century Fox. –  It should be included in a list of libertarian movies. - JZ, 11.5.13. - BENEFICENCE, BENEVOLENCE & SOCIETY, COPYRIGHTS, PATENTS, IP, LIBERTARIAN MOVIES

JUSTICE: If you seek peace you will not find it but if you obtain justice you will find peace.” - General Montgomery. – How many different definitions of justice and of peace are there? Which ones of them are correct and closely related to each other? – JZ, 11.5.13. - PEACE.

JUSTICE: If you want justice, hire an arbitrator or subscribe to a free jury system. But if you insist, you should be free to hire a lawyer and judge - to lead you away from your rights and liberties as far as you like. - JZ, 5.4.99. - COURTS, JURIES

JUSTICE: If you want justice, leave government courts, judges, lawyers, laws, parliaments, politicians, and bureaucrats alone. Don't support or obey them, when you can help it. Rather secede from them. Establish or choose your own juridical system. – JZ, 5.4.99. - With as much freedom of choice and freedom of action and experimentation finally established for individuals and their voluntary associations, we would soon make fast progress with the realization of justice on earth. As it is, our individual rights and liberties are almost strangled by avalanches of laws and court decisions. - JZ, 27.10.02. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, FULL FREEDOM OF CONTRACT & ASSOCIATION, LAISSEZ FAIRE NOT ONLY IN ECONOMICS BUT ALSO FOR POLITICAL & SOCIAL SYSTEMS, INCLUDING THOSE OF E.G. STATE SOCIALISTS, ALL WITHOUT A TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY & ONLY FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS, COMPETING GOVERNANCE & SOCIETIES VS. TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: If your Justice will not far exceed the justice of scholars and Pharisees, then you will not get to the heavenly empire.” - Pestalozzi, Lienhard & Gertrud, p.165. Kapitel, Motto. - (Wenn eure Gerechtigkeit nicht weit uebertreffen wird die Gerechtigkeit der Schriftgelehrten und Pharisaeer, so werdet ihr nicht ins Reich des Himmels eingehen.)

JUSTICE: In a footnote, Spooner paraphrases a follower of Blackstone to say "that, when no law has been made in violation of justice, judicial tribunals, 'in all ages and nations', have 'seldom' failed to agree as to what justice is." - Lysander Spooner, Works, I, p. 4. & 9, in comments by Charles Chively on his writings on natural law,

JUSTICE: In a just society, each individual should be rewarded for his energy, his talents, his productivity and his service. He ought not to be rewarded because of his privileged position as an official of the State. Neither should he be penalized, as he so often is today, by the State because he puts in a better than average performance at what he knows or does best. Justice requires that each man be free to prove his excellence and to enjoy the rewards of his efforts as they are accorded to him by those who pay for them and are therefore best able to judge their value. - It is well that we remember that who robs another of his reward, diminishes not only his own status, but deprives all of society of the benefits it might otherwise gain from the energies and productivity of every citizen. -- The government that robs its citizens of their reward, upon whatever pretext, diminishes not only the stature of its citizens, but condemns the nation to a future of poverty and despair.” - Morris Shumiatcher, THE FREEMAN, 8/75, p.493. - TAXATION

JUSTICE: In a really just cause the weak conquer the strong.” - Sophocles, Oedipus Coloneous, c. 450 B.C. - Especially when they are not weak in numbers, ideas and weapons and if they manage to mobilize the deserters from the conscripts of the strong for the just common cause. - How often has it happened in wars that all justice was on one side and all injustice on the other side? A truly just cause, well advocated, as just war and peace aims, can largely count on the soldiers and officers of the unjust regime, to either desert or rise or let themselves be taken prisoners without resistance. - JZ, 10.7.86, 27.10.02. – Alas, under territorialism the just cases are more often defeated by the powerful rather than becoming victorious. – JZ, 16.1.09. – The troops on both sides should rise and fraternize together, against their governments and for quite rightful peace aims, preferably sufficiently declared already long before a war occurs. A rightful revolution and military insurrection program should also be ready for this occasion, as well as e.g. a Free Trade, Free Migration and full monetary and financial freedom program to assure full employment, easy sales for wanted goods and services and rapid development for all countries that adopt them. – JZ, 11.5.13. – How many are so far interested in collaborating to provide such declarations and programs? An in pondering what contributions a quite rightful militia could make? – Interest in the own major affairs does not yet go deep enough even among most anarchists, libertarians and peace lovers. - JZ, 21.9.13. - STRENGTH, POWER, MIGHT, DESERTION, MILITARY INSURRECTION, REVOLUTION, DES., WAR & PEACE AIMS, FRATERNIZATION, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, FREE MIGRATION, FREE TRADE, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MILITIA, RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS & LIBERATION, DEFENCE & REVOLUTION PROGRAMS

JUSTICE: In most government courts, most of the time, justice is "negatively present". - A term quoted from L. Neil Smith, Contact & Commune, p.99. - & COURTS

JUSTICE: In one of the most vitriolic epistles he addressed to the officials of government, Spooner insisted that it is not the Constitution that is the supreme law of the land but justice. "And if you do not know it", he wrote one of his unfortunate victims, "your ignorance is so dense as to be pitiable." - There are those who argue that liberty is lost to the American people because the Constitution has been neglected, he rasped, but freedom can never be sustained in the land where people are taught to slavishly follow the exact letter of the Constitution as though it were a book of commandments bequeathed to them by a supreme lawgiver. Only justice possesses enough majesty to be accorded a place of honor in our consciences.” - W. O. Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.125.

JUSTICE: In our States one mostly dispenses justice in a format that is more terrible than injustice itself.” - J. G. Seume, Apokryphen. - (Man gibt in unsern  Staaten meistens der Gerechtigkeit eine Form, die schrecklicher ist als die Ungerechtigkeit selbst.) – I would rather have said that the crimes of the official territorially ruling criminals are usually much larger than those of their private competitors. – Some justice and tolerance, some liberties and rights do still exist even under territorial governments. – They are not so powerful and efficient that they can always suppress all of them. Not even totalitarian regimes “achieved” that. They multiply underground activities, however dangerous they are under such conditions. (But then no territorial regime has ever been confronted by the liberation program of a federation of diverse panarchies, already established somewhere, at least as governments and societies in exile.) They even achieve an unmerited popularity, at least among statists, by upholding e.g. Welfare State claims posing as genuine rights and liberties. Compare e.g the “Four Freedoms” of Roosevelt. - JZ, 11.5.13. – GOVERNMENTS VS. CRIMINALS, TERRITORIALISM, FORMALITIES, TECHNICALITIES & RITUALS, WELFARE STATES, INDIVDIUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES VS. WRONGFUL CLAIMS AGAINST OTHERS.

JUSTICE: In the field of justice, man's will is all; men CAN move mountains, if only men so decide.” - Murray N. Rothbard, in "Why Be Libertarian?" - in "Egalitarianism As A Revolt Against Nature”, p.149.

JUSTICE: In the halls of justice, as more than one cynic has observed, justice is usually done in the halls. There "bargaining within the shadow of the law" transpires in a tawdry setting that most closely resembles a commodities exchange.” - Jerold S. Auerbach, Justice Without Law? p.143. - COURTS, PLEA BARGAINING, LAWYERS

JUSTICE: In the search for justice, injustice must not be practised. - Solneman, (K. H. Z.), LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 2, S. 38.

JUSTICE: In the whole constitution of man, I cannot see any virtue contrary to justice, whereby it may be resisted and opposed.” - Marcus Aurelius Antoninus: Meditations.

JUSTICE: Iniquity, committed in this world, produces not fruit immediately, but, like the earth, in due season, and advancing by little and little, it eradicates the man who committed it. ... justice, being destroyed, will destroy (*); being preserved, will preserve; it must never therefore be violated.” – Man, 1200 B.C. – Sent by C.B. - (*) When already destroyed, then it cannot destroy. Anyhow, justice can’t be blamed then but rather those, who committed the injustice to destroy justice. – A flawed translation? - JZ, 30.12.07. - VS. INJUSTICE

JUSTICE: Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” - Martin Luther King, 1963.

JUSTICE: Injustice is relatively easy to bear; what stings is justice.” - Ascribed to Mencken, by Mack Reynolds: Trample an Empire Down, p. 117/8. – Tell that to survivors of extermination camps or present victims of totalitarianism, tyranny, despotism. – JZ, 11.5.13. – Who feels stung by justice? The guilty or the innocent? – JZ, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: It is also a subject of science, and is to be learned, like mathematics, or any other science. It does not derive its authority from the commands, will, pleasure, or discretion of any possible combination of men, whether calling themselves a government, or by any other name.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.3. – It can only be established by and for volunteers, for their own affairs, corresponding to their own ideas of justice, individual rights and liberties. Even the most advanced, scientific and objectively just system cannot be rightfully imposed upon communities of volunteers that have different notions of justice, rights and liberties for their own affairs. The right to make mistakes and to err, at the own expense and risk, should be respected in this sphere as well. – JZ, 11.5.13. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS, VS. SCIENTIFIC OR OBJECTIVE LAWS, JUSTICE & SYSTEMS, TERRITORIALLY IMPOSED.

JUSTICE: It is also in the Sermon on the Mount that Jesus offers the classical formulation of a notion of justice that embraces retribution as well as distribution: 'the measure you give, shall be the measure you get.' But the distinctive conception of justice in the New Testament is that on the day of judgment few will be saved from eternal torment. The idea that any man - not even to speak of most of mankind - should be punished with eternal torture is so repugnant to liberals that millions refuse to acknowledge its presence where it stares them in the face.” - Walter Kaufmann, Without Guilt and Justice, p.43. – Hell’s eternal and extreme punishments, imposed by a loving “god”, upon some of his or her supposed children. This “loving” and “almighty” father or mother rather punishes, usually much later, than prevents crimes. – JZ, 11.5.13, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: it is better to have wise people reprimand you than have stupid people sing your praises.” – Ecclesiastes 7.5. - JUSTIFIED CRITICISM ABOVE UNDESERVED COMPLIMENTS, WISDOM, CRITICISM“

JUSTICE: it is the definition of justice that each shall enjoy the fruit of his own labor and self-denial, and of injustice that the idle and industrious, the self-indulgent and the self-denying, shall share equally in the product.” - W. G. Sumner, as quoted in THE FREEMAN, 5/73, p. 293. – PRIVATE PROPERTY VS. COMMUNISM, STATE SOCIALISM, IMPOSED TERRITORIAL COLLECTIVISM

JUSTICE: It is the science of peace: and the only science of peace: since it is the science which alone can tell us on what conditions mankind can live in peace, or ought to live in peace, with each other.” - Lysander Spooner, Natural Law. - However, for many centuries most people overlooked and they still do - that this would require the abolition of territorial States and their jurisdiction and their replacement by exterritorially autonomous volunteer communities and their various and peacefully coexisting justice systems. One territorial justice system for all amounts to injustice to many people who disagree on principles, means and methods, punishments, rehabilitation and preventative steps against crimes. - JZ, 16.11.02, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: Judgement delayed is judgement voided.” - Sanhedrin, 952. – DELAYS, JUDGMENT

JUSTICE: Judging from the main portions of the history of the world, so far, justice is always in jeopardy.” - Walt Whitman: Democratic Vistas, 1870. - The major human institutions have still to be based or established upon just principles only. All just means and principles, including all individual rights and liberties, must be used or introduced to safeguard justice. In the extreme case, the chained slave can hardly guaranty justice and liberty or become even fully aware of them. - JZ, 10.7.86, 28.10.02. – Schiller wrote somewhere something like: Beware of the slave when he breaks his chains. But you do not have to fear any free man. – JZ, 21.9.13. - HISTORY, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, SLAVERY, FREEDOM, CONSCIOUSNESS, ENLIGHTENMENT, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES & AN IDEAL MILITIA FORCE FOR THEIR PROTECTION.

JUSTICE: judicial verbicide is calculated to convert the Constitution into a worthless scrap of paper and to replace our government of laws with a judicial oligarchy." - Senator Sam Ervin - JUSTICE SYSTEMS, GOVERNMENTAL VS. CONSTITUTIONALISM: "

JUSTICE: Just don't expect justice from governments. - JZ 23.1.74. - Not from territorial governments, anyhow. - JZ, 16.11.02. – TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, STATISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, JUSTICE SYSTEMS

JUSTICE: Just is who does not equalize.” (levels?) – (Gerecht ist, wer nicht gleichsetzt.) - Lohberger. - To be just you have to discriminate; you can't simply equalize. - JZ, 5.7.92. – There are many other ways of coercively introducing injustice. – JZ, 16.1.09. – EQUALITY, EGALITARIANISM, LEVELLING, COMPULSORY DISTRIBUTIONISM, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, TAXATION, TRIBUTE LEVYING

JUSTICE: justice - in contrast to a grant of privilege - is the absence of any deterrent to the creative aspirations of any individual. Let each person pursue his own ends so long as he does not impede the peaceful objectives of other individuals. Justice, when rightly defined, is 'the cement of society', as Alexander Hamilton phrased it.” - L. E. Read, Who's Listening? p.95. – MUTUAL TOLERANCE, FREEDOM OF ACTION & EXPERIMENTATION FOR ALL, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW

JUSTICE: Justice - Something rare when challenging government.” - Dave Wilber, Fool's Gold Is Green, 1982, Awake America, p.27. – The challenge may be quite just but the response to it by territorial governments is not always just or even mostly so. – JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. – GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: Justice - The True Economic Expediency.” - B. Butterworth, Headline in "PROGRESS", March 1979.

JUSTICE: Justice ... A commodity which in a more or less adulterated condition the State sells to the citizen as a reward for his allegiance, taxes and personal service.” - Ambrose Bierce. - Does it sell more justice than injustice? - JZ, 29.6.00. – Is it a commodity or a service or condition? Is it freely and competitively offered for sale or territorially forced upon all too many dissenters? – JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Justice ... is always unpopular and in difficult under democracy, save perhaps that false form of so-called social justice.” - H. L. Mencken, 1926. - SOCIAL-JUSTICE, IN DEMOCRACIES

JUSTICE: Justice alone is the Supreme Law of this land, and all other lands.” – Lysander Spooner, Works 1, 5. – If only it were so and if it were generally recognized as such! - JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: justice and freedom are products no less than are shoes and phonograph records. Justice and freedom are states-of-affairs that must be created and maintained by human effort.” - Don Franzen, Reply to Peter Crosby's "Utopia of Competition", THE PERSONALIST. – Services should be distinguished from goods. –  At least full justice and freedom shine by their absence under territorialism – in my imperfect eyesight and understanding. – Will those, who can see them, please, point them out to me? - JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Justice and generosity do not go hand in hand, the hand of generosity being commonly thrust into the pocket of justice.” - A. Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary, under "Fable". – Did he mean: into the pockets of those, who make unjust decisions? Should one class such actions as generous ones or as corruption or bribery? – JZ, 21.9.13. - GENEROSITY, WELFARE STATE, SHARING, INCOME TRANSFERS, TRANSFER SOCIETY, SOCIAL JUSTICE, COMPULSORY DISTRIBUTIONISM, TRIBUTE LEVIES & GOVERNMENT SPENDING

JUSTICE: Justice and law are distant cousins - and in South Africa they are not even on speaking terms.” - From film: A Dry White Summer, seen 12/92 on Prime TV. – Territorial law cannot be good enough for all; only the diversity of self-chosen personal law can be. One of the numerous lessons from history that is not yet generally recognized as such. – JZ, 16.1.09. – PERSONAL LAW VS. TERRITORIAL LAW, PANARCHISM, HISTORY

JUSTICE: justice and so-called social justice are opposites and that to promote the latter is to retard the former.” - L. E. Read, Who's Listening? p.93. - VS. SOCIAL JUSTICE

JUSTICE: justice as fairness." - The two terms are close relatives and there is a tendency for 'fair' to replace 'just' in much colloquial speech. But fairness and justice are not exactly the same thing. 'A lottery is fair', for instance, 'if honestly run, but a lottery which distributed prizes justly, i.e., according to desert or need, would no longer be fair'.” (Barry, 1967, p. 193.)” - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.94. – FAIRNESS, TERRITORIALISM, UNIFORMITY, DIS.

JUSTICE: Justice assumes that all act in a way that they would have others act towards themselves; and thus, when a man murders deliberately, and in cold blood, justice seeks to accommodate the murderer in like manner.” - Robert Champlin, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 9/75. - DEATH PENALTY, RETALIATION, MURDER

JUSTICE: Justice be done, even if the world perishes thereupon.” – (Fiat justitia et pereat mundus.”) - (Gerechtigkeit werde geuebt, und sollte die Welt dabei zu Grunde gehen!) - Motto of Emperor Ferdinand I, who died in 1564. Some do now imagine that justice could be achieved with nuclear mass murder devices! - JZ, 8.1.1985, 16.11.02. – I deny that one can be just in using nuclear “weapons”, even if one tries to use them merely as a deterrent. – JZ, 16.1.09. – Who will survive to enjoy justice after it is thus “established”? – JZ, 17.1.09. – Most still believe that it can be achieved territorially. – JZ, 11.5.13. – TERRITORIALISM THE NUCLEAR WAR THREAT (NWT), Q.

JUSTICE: Justice being taken away, then, what are kingdoms but great robberies? For what are robberies themselves, but little kingdoms?” - St. Augustine, The City of God, IV.

JUSTICE: justice between man and man, and maximum liberty for each person.” - Edmund A. Opitz, THE FREEMAN, 5/73. – Justice between humans, whether male or female, regardless of their race, religion or ideology. Only among like-minded volunteers may they deviate as much as they like from this rule, in voluntary but only personal law not territorial segregation. Integration, too, should be voluntary not compulsory. Also any degree of the reduction of the practice of individual rights and liberties – among volunteers, thus expanding e.g. the choices monks and nuns made for themselves.– Self-responsible freedom of action and experimentation for all, even for the statists, doing their things only to themselves. – JZ, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: Justice cannot be determined territorially! - JZ, 16.11.02. - VS. TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: Justice cannot be discovered in the by-pass through the minds of prejudiced and corrupt politicians, legislators, judges, policemen and other bureaucrats, meddlers and monopolistic enforcers. - JZ, 9.75, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Justice consists in not taking anything from anyone that belongs to him.” – Retranslation of: “Gerechtigkeit besteht darin, von keinem Menschen etwas zu nehmen, was ihm gehoert.” - Hobbes. – Compare “Suum cuique!” & xyz other versions. - PROPERTY

JUSTICE: Justice consists in the compliance with custom in all matters of difference between men. … this accords with the definition of the Roman law.” - James Coolidge Carter. - While this might be a sufficient standard for justice within a community of volunteers, with its personal law system, it is not automatically a good enough guide for the interrelationships between different volunteer-communities, unless on agrees, in advance, to adopt either the law of the defender or that of the accuser or the decisions of a court in which all parties are equally presented in their judges. I hold that a highly developed individual rights code would be a better guide to follow. However, agreement on this is also a matter of negotiation between such exterritorially autonomous communities, with their competing legal and juridical systems. - JZ, 25.11.02, a.

JUSTICE: Justice contains the sum of all virtue, and every just man, Kyrnos, is good.” - Greek poet Theognis, in the 2nd. half of the 6th. century B.C. – Quoted by Walter Kaufmann, Without Guilt and Justice, p.38. – GOODNESS, JUST MEN

JUSTICE: Justice could be reached only through reason. Most men erred in their reasoning because they were encumbered by selfish or limited interests.” – Lysander Spooner to George Bradburn, Dec. 5, 1847, quoted by Chively, p.40, Spooner, Works, I. – REASON VS. SELF-INTEREST INTERFERING WITH THE SELF-INTERET OF OTHERS.

JUSTICE: Justice delayed is justice denied, says the legal maxim; what we have done is to institutionalize the denial of justice. ...” - Woodrow Wilson, while still a professor of political science, said that delays had effectively denied use of the courts to tens of millions of American citizens.” - Jerry Pournelle, To Establish Justice, ANALOG, 9/83, p.111.

JUSTICE: Justice delayed is justice denied.” – (Verzoergerte Gerechtigkeit ist verweigerte Gerechtigkeit.) - Gladstone. – Quoted by Justice Felix Frankfurter, dissenting, Dennis v. United States, 339 U.S. 184 (1949). - Justice delayed is justice denied.” - Attributed to William E. Gladstone. - Laurence J. Peter Peter's Quotations, p.276 (1977). Unverified. - W. E. Gladstone, 1809-1898. - JUSTICE DELAYED

JUSTICE: Justice demands that no man interfere with choices affecting the life, liberty, or property of another human being by coercion, fraud, or duress.” - Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 5/74.

JUSTICE: Justice does not happen by chance.” - Frank Herbert & Bill Ransom, The Lazarus Effect, p.67.

JUSTICE: Justice entrusted to bureaucrats, MP's, judges and lawyers ceases to be justice, as a rule. - JZ, 183.95.

JUSTICE: Justice first.” - Edmund Opitz, THE FREEMAN, 7/75, p.437.

JUSTICE: Justice for all. Charity for none! - JZ, 2/75. - Compulsory charity for none. Voluntary charity for those who like it. I would always prefer private insurance, credit, mutual aid and fraternal arrangements. - JZ, 16.11.02.

JUSTICE: Justice gives to each his own, does not claim anything from others and neglects the own advantage when the wellbeing of the whole is concerned.” – (“Gerechtigkeit gibt jedem das Seine, masst sich nichts Fremdes an, setzt den eigenen Vorteil zurueck, wo es gilt das Wohl des Ganzen zu wahren.”) - St. Ambrosius, Von den Pflichten, 1,24. - DUTY

JUSTICE: Justice has a price. Sometimes it costs a bribe. - JZ, 21.7.78. - JOKES

JUSTICE: Justice has a way of not arriving where and when you wish it.” - John Barnes, A Million Open Doors, p.208. - Especially when the governmental justice system is the only one permitted, i.e., is established as a monopoly “postman” for it. – JZ, 29.9.07, 21.9.13. – Well, even under the predominant governmental court system, especially in “criminal” affairs, even for “crimes” without victims, we still have some private arbitration arrangements in some spheres. – Arbitration systems provide already some competition in this sphere, but we are still not free to secede from the official territorial “justice” system in all cases. – JZ, 11.5.13, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: Justice has nothing to do with expediency. It has nothing to do with any temporary standard whatever. It is rooted and grounded in the fundamental instincts of humanity.” - Woodrow Wilson, Speech in Washington, Feb. 26, 1916. – If it is firmly grounded there – why isn’t it generally realized as yet? - JZ, 16.1.09. – Have the moral sense, reason, rationality, individual rights and liberties  as well as natural rights and law nothing to do with it? – Sweeping generalizations do all too often miss some of the most important points – or sweep them under the carpet. – JZ, 21.9.13. - EXPEDIENCY, FOR REASONS OF STATE, STATE SECURITY, GENERALIZATIONS, ABSTRACT NOTIONS

JUSTICE: Justice Holmes, admonished by a friend to do justice on the bench, replied that his job was only to play according to the rules.” - Jerold S. Auerbach, Justice Without Law? p.143. – The rule is rather: Most laws (misnamed “positive legislation”), as opposed to THE LAW, are without justice. – JZ, 17.1.09. – Monetary and financial despotism, as well as territorial impositions, including monopoly decision-making on war and peace, remain still constitutional, legal and juridically approved in all present States. Even the stockpiling of mass murder devices in readiness is quite legal in some States. – JZ, 11.5.13. – Tyrannicide, usually, is not. – JZ, 21.9.13. - COURTS & RULES, JUDGES, LAWYERS, LAWS, TERRITORIALISM, NWT, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM, PROTECTIONISM, IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, ABSENCE OF A COMPREHENSIVE & DECLARATION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES & OF A MILITIA FOR THEIR PROTECTION.

JUSTICE: Justice in everything and there will be enough freedom.” – (“In allem Gerechtigkeit, und es wird genug Freiheit geben”). - Chamfort. - FREEDOM

JUSTICE: Justice in two words is just ice. Often it is that cold and meaningless.” - August B. Black, My Briefs on Life, FRAGMENTS 3-6/98. - One should distinguish between "positive" and legal territorial justice and natural justice, conforming to the nature of man and his individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 27.10.02, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Justice is a code of principles which defines what is due to a man, what he deserves, what he is legitimately entitled to ... the fundamental need of man in society is freedom of action, which means: recognition of his rights to actions over property which he morally owns, i.e. has a justifiable claim to, which means: Justice." - R. A. Childs Jr., INDIVIDUALIST, May 71, p.5.

JUSTICE: Justice is a firm and continuous desire to render to everyone that which is his due.” - Justinian, Institutiones, I, 1. In another version: “Justice is a firm and unceasing determination to render to every person his due.” – Justinian, Institutes, Book I. – However since there were and are very different notions on how to carry out this ideal, they should all be freely practised among their volunteers in exterritorially autonomous communities, peacefully coexisting and competing with each other for members and customers or clients. – JZ, 2.10.07. – Still another translation: “Justice is a steady and unceasing disposition to render to every man his due.” – (Justitia est constans et perpetua voluntas jus suum cuique tribuendi.) - Carl Watner, Justice, p.15, quoting Justinian, Institutiones, Bk.i, sec.1.

JUSTICE: Justice is a straight line.” – (Justitia est linma recti.) – Carl Watner, Justice, p.21. – Linea? – How many politicians, rulers, lawmakers, judges, policemen, bureaucrats, go quite straight along the line of justice, so defined? How many of them do know, appreciate and respect all individual rights and liberties? – Who has declared them all? – JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Justice is always the same, whether it be due from one man to a million, or from a million to one man.” - Chief Justice Jay. – But different peoples and individuals among populations have quite different ideas on justice and should thus be free to practise them, together with like-minded people, in their own communities of volunteers. Between these communities an international law ought to prevail that is largely based on non-interference and respect for all those genuine individual rights and liberties that are claimed and, usually practices among members of other communities, even if they are not fully claimed and practised in the own community. No community to lay down the law for other communities! – Respect the customs, constitutions, laws, jurisdictions of others, in your dealings with them, even when they do disagree with your own – or simply abstain from dealing with them! - JZ, 17.1.09. – PANARCHISM, HUMAN RIGHTS, INTERNATIONAL LAW, NON-INTERVERVENTION

JUSTICE: justice is an immutable, natural principle; and not anything that can be made, unmade, or altered by any human power.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover to Cleveland, p.3.

 JUSTICE: Justice is blind ... but must it also be deaf and dumb, and wear a wooden leg?” - Quoted by Scott in THE LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, No. 76, 8.78. - JOKES

JUSTICE: Justice is blind" - they say. And how! - JZ, 24.11.92. – What effective avenues are there today, for individuals and groups of individuals, to fight all the millions of injustices in the world? – E.g., a comprehensive declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties as well as a militia for their protection are both still amiss. We are not even free to secede from despotic regimes and to live with other volunteers under personal laws. - JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Justice is effective coordination.” - Will Durant, The Story of Philosophy, p. 29 or 39. – If that were true then an effective General Staff plan for the conquest of a country, exactly carried out, would constitute justice! – Effective coordination of what and between whom and for what purpose? – JZ, 16.1.09.

JUSTICE: Justice is equity in balance with equality.” - G. C. Szmak, in "The Four Blind Spots". – Such general formulas hit one of my blind spots. – JZ, 16.1.09. – I do prefer generalizations like “equal individual rights and liberties” - for all who know and respect them, at least for all their own affairs among like-minded volunteers That would also include tolerance for people who love to restrict their own rights and liberties in all their affairs with like-minded other volunteers, e.g. like-minded statists. – JZ, 11.5.13. – GENERALIZATIONS, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES, ALL WITH DIFFERENT ECONOMIC, SOCIAL & POLITICAL STANDARDS FOR THEMSELVES.

JUSTICE: Justice is everything.” - Big Bob in Georges Simenon, Fifth Omnibus, p.248. – If it really were, then we would have had justice everywhere, today and in all historical periods of the past. – He probably wanted to say: Justice, fully realized, is of the highest value. – JZ, 16.1.09.

JUSTICE: Justice is fast becoming subservient to political ideology.” - Quoted in NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, 6/73. – The pretence of justice can be subservient to political ideology, not true justice. Or whatever they perceive to be justice can be rightfully applied among volunteers. – People have not yet subscribed to an ideal universal code of individual rights and liberties. They have not even seriously tried to develop one, although it is high time for it. – Until they produce it and fully agree on it, they could and should have only their own voluntary and panarchistic approaches towards it, with all their remaining errors, mistakes and prejudices that they still subscribe to. - JZ, 16.1.09. – PANARCHISM, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE

JUSTICE: Justice is founded in the rights bestowed by nature upon man. Liberty is maintained in the security of justice.” - Description on the Department of Justice Building, Washington. - RIGHTS, NATURE, SECURITY & LIBERTY

JUSTICE: Justice is impotent without power while power is tyrannical without justice. Justice encounters much contradiction when it is powerless, because there will always be evil men. Power becomes accused when it is not just. Thus one has to combine justice with power and to achieve that one has to make that powerful what is just or to make that just what is powerful.” – (Die Gerechtigkeit ist ohnmaechtic ohne die Macht; die Macht ist tyrannisch ohne die Gerechtigkeit. Die Gerechtigkeit erfaehrt viel Widerspruch, wenn sie keine Macht hat, weil es immer boese Menschen gibt; die Macht wird angeklagt, wenn sie nicht gerecht ist. Man muss also die Gerechtigkeit und die Macht vereinigen; und dazu muss man bewirken, dass das maechtig sei, was gerecht ist, oder dass gerecht sei, was maechtig ist.) - Pascal, Gedanken, 257, ed. Dieterich. - POWER, TYRANNY, MAN, MIGHT, STRENGTH, MILITIA, TERRITORIALISM IMPOSED OR EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY INDIVIDUALLY CHOSEN?

JUSTICE: Justice is incidental to law and order." - Victor Hugo. – It is certainly not the main objective of territorial States, neither are individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 10.5.13. – Or did any territorial State ever declare all of them and this quite clearly? – JZ, 11.5.13. - LAW & ORDER, TERRITORIALISM, Q.

JUSTICE: Justice is itself the great standing policy of civil society; and any eminent departure from it, under any circumstances, lies under the suspicion of being no policy at all.” - Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution and France. – That would certainly put all territorial governments under the gravest suspicion. – JZ, 16.1.09. - Was Burke quite just towards all aspects of the French Revolution and towards the writings of Thomas Paine? - JZ, 16.11.02.

JUSTICE: Justice is justice, whatever the gods might say.” - Orson Scott Card, Xenocide, 170. – GODS, RELIGIONS, ETHICS, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES

JUSTICE: Justice is liberty and property.” - Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.157. – As if it had nothing to do e.g. with peace, rights and tolerance for tolerant actions, individual sovereignty, personal law, exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. – JZ, 11.5.13. - LIBERTY & PROPERTY

JUSTICE: Justice is love with open, observing and understanding eyes.” – (“Gerechtigkeit ist die Liebe mit sehenden Augen.”) - Nietzsche. - One does not have to love criminals and their victims - but one owes them justice. - JZ, 28.10.02. – A mother’s love for a criminal is not a sufficient excuse for his crimes. – JZ, 17.1.09. - LOVE, COMPREHENSION, UNDERSTANDING, REASON

JUSTICE: Justice is love, so love justice or it won't love you. - D.Z, 14.11.76.

JUSTICE: Justice is more important than descent. - JZ, n.d.

JUSTICE: Justice is never anything in itself, but in dealings of men with one another in any place whatever and at anytime it is a kind of compact not to harm or be harmed.” - Epicurus. - Rather: not to wrong or be wronged, not to infringe rights nor have one's rights infringed. - JZ, 28.10.02. - He was so confused on "harm" and wrongs that he even said: “Bad men may kill me but they can never harm me." - HARM & WRONG

JUSTICE: Justice is not impossible - but has too few defenders - people who understand and love it and are prepared to stand up, risk unpopularity and to fight for it. - JZ, 24.2.86, 27.10.02.

JUSTICE: Justice is not the right of the stronger, but the effective harmony of the whole.” - Will Durant, The Story of Philosophy, p.39. - HARMONY

JUSTICE: Justice is nothing but the love of neighbours by the wise.” – (Die Gerechtigkeit ist nichts anderes als die Naechstenliebe der Weisen.”) - Leibniz. - The love of fools for fools can lead to unjust actions. – Should the wise love the unwise adults, too? One can be very polite and even neighborly to one's neighbor - without being quite just to any of them, especially to "aliens" and "foreigners" and when it comes to voting for or against politicians and on tax and immigration laws or monetary despotism. - JZ, 5.7.92, 161.09. - LOVE, NEIGHBORLINESS

JUSTICE: Justice is one form of solution for social conflicts.” – Retranslated from the German version: “Gerechtigkeit ist eine Form der Loesung sozialer Konflikte.” - Wiggins. - Rather: Justice is THE solution for social conflicts. - Social justice is injustice. - JZ, 5.7.92. - SOCIAL CONFLICTS, SOCIAL JUSTICE VS. JUSTICE

JUSTICE: Justice is our destiny.” - Zarlenga. – It could also become our main weapon against every kind of injustice, e.g. if we mobilized the potential of all kinds of governments in exile in a panarchistic way against any despotic and aggressive territorial regime. – JZ, 16.1.09. – DIVERSE GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, ALL ONLY FOR THEIR PRESENT & FUTURE VOLUNTEERS, AS ALLIES

JUSTICE: Justice is so high and holy a thing that it belongs exclusively to those wise enough and rich enough to know where to buy it.” - Robert Anton Wilson, The Earth Will Shake, p.163. - AS PROVIDED BY GOVERNMENTS

JUSTICE: Justice is spontaneous respect, mutually guaranteed, for human dignity, in whatever person it may be compromised and under whatever circumstances, and to whatever risk its defense may expose us.” - P. J. Proudhon, De la justice dans la révolution, I, 1858. – Should we respect the “dignity” of mass murderers, too? – JZ, 16.1.09. - RESPECT, DIGNITY, Q.

JUSTICE: Justice is that virtue which gives everybody what belongs to him.” – (Die Gerechtigkeit ist jene Tugend, die jedem gibt, was ihm gehoert.) - Augustinus. ("Suum cuique".) - (“To each his own.”)

JUSTICE: Justice is that which exists when all laws are enforced.” - Isaac Asimov, The Caves of Steel, GALAXY SF, No. 13, UK, 73. - Rather, when only very few laws are enforced, the few that are quite just - while all other laws are ignored, repealed, resisted or broken, for they only increase the injustices in this world. - JZ, 7.10.00, 9.2.02, 11.5.13. – Proverbial “wisdom” is mostly all too imprecise and incomplete. Free choice among personal laws for everybody who is rational. For those, who choose them for themselves, even the objectively unjust and irrational laws are just, for the time being, until they are sufficiently enlightened. – JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. – JUSTICE VS. LAWS, JUSTICE ONLY IN FORM OF THE LAW OR OF PERSONAL LAWS, PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: Justice is the aim of government, the aim of human society. It was and is pursued until it is realized or freedom is lost.” – (Gerechtigkeit ist das Ziel des Regierens, das Ziel der menschlichen Gesellschaft. Sie wurde und wird solange verfolgt, bis sie verwirklicht oder die Freiheit verloren ist.) - e. - Territorial government does not lead to justice but away from it - in all too many ways and for all too many people. Only freely competing societies and communities of volunteers, exterritorially quite autonomous, are likely to approach it, even fast, competitively, in accordance with their own ideas of justice. – Justice isn’t really pursued by most, e.g. with as much fervor as they engage in sex, sports, amusements, travels, entertainments, arts, fashions, hobbies and crafts. It was never fully realized and if it were and if it were then lost, it could be recovered, unless, in the process, mankind is wiped out. - JZ, 5.7.92, 27.10.02, 16.1.09. – SOCIETY, GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: Justice is the arithmetic of love.” – (“Gerechtigkeit ist die Arithmetik der Liebe.”) - Masaryk. - Rather, of knowledge, reason, understanding and respect. - JZ, 28.10.02. – Are all murders out of jealousy merely mistakes in the arithmetic of love? What about the cases of murder, robbery, embezzlement and theft where love is not involved at all, except the love of money? Too many attempted explanations do not explain enough. – JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. – LOVE, CRIMES WITH VICTIMS

JUSTICE: Justice is the basis, motivation, method and reward of being self-governing. So it can never be perfect. Perfect justice is realistically recognized as beyond human capacities to understand, much less codify and enforce. Recognition of this simple reality would spare us all the plans, platitudes and harmful interventions of the political perfectionists. How far have we departed from self-government?” - Joan Marie Leonard, THE FREEMAN, Feb. 77. - About as far as we have come away from the better declarations of individual rights and liberties, which are more or less despised or ignored by all too many legislators, lawyers and judges - not only by most citizens. - JZ, 28.10.02. – No serious attempt seems to be made, so far, to use the Internet to produce an ideal declaration of all individual rights and liberties. – Not even by anarchists and libertarians! – In this respect they have largely disarmed themselves and destroyed their best intellectual ammunition – or left it unused. – JZ, 16.1.09. – My anthology of private human rights declarations, online for years, at - remains ignored as a resource towards such a declaration. – JZ, 11.5.13. -  SELF-GOVERNMENT, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

JUSTICE: Justice is the bread of the nation. It always hungers for it.” – (Gerechtigkeit ist das Brot der Nation; sie hungert immer danach.). - Châteaubriand. - Oh, if only this were the case! All too many try to make a living through injustices. – E.g. political and private criminals with victims. People who really hungered for justice would soon establish it among themselves. - Indeed, we are undernourished if we consider justice as a food. But we are overeating “junk-food” in this sphere and make ourselves sick, poor, insecure and also all too unfree thereby. Injustices are dispensed to us, quite regularly and in many forms - without us becoming aware of them in all too many cases. E.g. via the flood of legislation, largely unreadable for most people, because of its sheer volume. However, if justice were clearly proposed, realized and lived under by a minimum number of people, all volunteers, in our neighborhood, with their actions and institutions viewed almost daily and if we were free to choose among the various justice systems freely practised among their believers, then more and more people, enjoying consumer sovereignty, free enterprise, freedom of association and freedom of contract, in this sphere as well, would come to prefer genuine justice systems for themselves, even though these might still somewhat differ in details from each other. - JZ, 5.7.92, 27.10.02, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. – PANARCHISM, FREE CHOICE AMONG SOCIETIES & GOVERNMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM

JUSTICE: Justice is the constant and perpetual will to give each man his right.” - Digest of Justinian. – In other words, how unjust are we, if we are not hard at work to finally produce, between us, an ideal declaration of all individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 16.1.09. – And how unjust are we if we do not strive to realize competition in the provision of the services of justice? – JZ, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: Justice is the end of government. It is the end of civil society.” - James Madison, The Federalist, No. 51. - True justice realized would end territorial governments and would establish, finally, truly civil, because free societies. - Did territorial governments ever sufficiently aim at justice through individual rights and liberties rather than power? - JZ, 16.11.02. – Q., GOVERNMENTALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUSTICE: Justice is the end of government.” - Daniel Defoe, The True-born Englishman, II, 1, 368, 1701. - Defoe's remark is rather ambiguously expressed. It could mean that justice will end governments or that justice is what governments really aim at. I would rather say: Territorial governments won't achieve justice but justice will end territorial governments. - JZ 5.7.82, 11.5.13. - Although it is not the aim and method of territorial governments, the establishment of true justice would indeed end these governments. - JZ, 17.10.85, 10.7.86, 27.10.02. - Has Defoe’s formula ever been the true aim of any territorial government? Will not the realization of true justice mean the end of any territorially imposed government? - JZ, 2.4.99. - Indeed, the realization of true justice would mean ending all territorial governments. - Territorial governments usually strove more for power than genuine justice. They only pretended to provide the latter and defence and protection etc. - JZ, 16.11.02. – I know of no territorial government that ever seriously tried and could achieve, as such, genuine justice for all peaceful people, however different their ideals may be. – JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. - GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: Justice is the faculty that may be developed. This development is what constitutes the education of the human race.” - P. J. Proudhon, De la justice dans la révolution, I, 1858. - EDUCATION, MANKIND, ENLIGHTENMENT, NEW DRAFT, LIBERTARIANISM, ANARCHISM

JUSTICE: Justice is the great interest of man on earth. It is the ligament which holds civilized beings and civilized nations together.” - Daniel Webster, Speech at the funeral of Mr. Justic Story, Sept. 12, 1845. - MAN, CIVILIZATION, NATIONS

JUSTICE: Justice is the greatest good and injustice the greatest evil.” - John Leitch, Man to Man, P.233, quoting from the policy of the Packard Company.

JUSTICE: Justice is the greatest interest of man on earth.” – (Gerechtigkeit ist das groesste Interesse der Menschen auf Erden.”) - Webster. - Objectively, yes, it should be. Subjectively, alas, it is not, for most people. - JZ, 5.7.92, 28.10.02. – If it really were the greatest interest of all or most people then we would already generally experience it and no unjust laws would be passed, remain un-repealed and enforced any longer. – What should, objectively, at least for reasonable and moral beings, be of greatest interest to them, does, as a rule, just bore most people - as they are. – They won’t think, listen or read about it. - JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. – “I won’t read freedom books!” - INTERESTS, UTILITARIANISM, SELF-INTEREST

JUSTICE: Justice is the having and doing what is one's own.” - Plato.

JUSTICE: Justice is the only foundation of power and duration for the State as well as the only connection of human society.” – (Gerechtigkeit ist der einzige Grund der Macht and der Dauer des Staates sowie das einzige Band der menschlichen Gesellschaft.) - Wieland. - Organized injustice establishes and maintains territorial States, at least injustice towards dissenting but peaceful minorities. For free societies justice is the main tie. Only the justice between various exterritorial and autonomous communities has to be somewhat alike, no matter how much their internal justice systems may differ. - JZ, 5.7.92. - Contrary to Wieland, many territorial States were established and all too long maintained by great injustices. That would be much harder, to outright impossible, for communities that are only exterritorially autonomous and whose members are free to secede and have the chance to observe the different practices among numerous diverse communities all around them. - JZ, 27.10.02. – TERRITORIALISM VS. PANARCHISM, POWER, STATE, SOCIETY, INTERNATIONAL LAW, INJUSTICE, DOMINATION VS. MINORITY AUTONOMY

JUSTICE: Justice is the only foundation upon which a society of free and independent people can exist.  Justice is a concrete, recognizable, and objective principle.  It is not a matter of opinion. - Leslie Snyder, The Freeman [March 1980]


JUSTICE: Justice is the restoration of property to its just owner. Justice is restitution.” - Barnett & Rothbard view, according to Walter Grinder, An Introduction to Libertarian Thought, p.21. – I would rather say that justice requires liberation of all individuals to the extent that they know and appreciate individual rights and liberties and wish to apply them among themselves, while they do respect these rights in the members of other societies, communities and governance systems of volunteers, to the extent that these wish them to be respected. If they do ignore them among their own members then they can hardly rightly complain if others do also ignore them, in their relations with them. At least until they have claimed a monopoly for their members for all infringements of human rights, which they, among themselves, do not claim and realize. I can hardly imagine such a situation, but some fools may try to realize that one as well. – However, those who know and appreciate individual rights and liberties will hardly be inclined to offend against them in the members of other communities, which do not yet fully know, appreciate and respect them among themselves. For that would hurt the good reputation of such meddlers, who would then respect all rights and liberties only in their voluntary members but not, fully, in foreigners, i.e. voluntary members of other societies etc. – JZ, 11.5.13. – Upon such actions they might also become excommunicated by their own community or society, as offenders against its basic principles, even though only against outsiders. – JZ, 21.9.13. - PROPERTY, RESTITUTION, INDEMNIFICATION, GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES FOR ALL, TO THE EXTENT THAT THEY DO CLAIM THEM FOR THEMSELVES.

JUSTICE: Justice is the settled and permanent intention of rendering to each man his rights.” - Romans, Justinian, Institutions, I, i. – RESPECTING GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES OF OTHERS

JUSTICE: Justice is the sum of all moral (ethical) duties.” – (Gerechtigkeit ist die Summe aller sittlichen Pflichten.) – William Godwin, An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, 1793. – Another version: “Justice is the sum of all moral duty.” - And of all genuine rights and liberties! - JZ, n.d., & 28.10.02. - DUTIES, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MORALITY, ETHICS

JUSTICE: Justice is the supreme God, it is the living God, the all-powerful God, ...” - Proudhon, Oevres Complete de P. J. Proudhon, De la Justice Dans La Revolution et Dans l'Eglise, vol. I, p.225. – I read in two places that all the writings of P. are still not published, not even in French. Is that still true, even when it comes to publication in alternative and very affordable media? – JZ, 21.9.13. - GOD

JUSTICE: Justice is the very first condition of all society, and indeed a condition of human life prior to society. Justice consists essentially in regard to two rights that belong by nature to every man, namely, liberty and property.” - View ascribed to Dr. Quesnay in "Natural Right", 1765, and Mercier de la Riviere, in: "The Natural and Essential Order of Political Societies", 1757. – Why are so many satisfied with as short and incomplete declarations of individual rights and liberties? Do they just wish to save further thinking on this subject? – JZ, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: Justice is therefore the aggregate of those conditions under which the will of one person can be conjoined with the will of another in accordance with a universal law of freedom.” - Kant, Justice, p.230, Ladd, p.34. - In Murphy, on Kant’s philosophy of right, p.112. – FREEDOM, RIGHTS, RIGHT, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUSTICE: Justice is to give every man his own.” - Aristotle. - Free Man's Almanac, by Leonard E. Read. (Suum cuique.) “To each his own!”

JUSTICE: Justice is truth in action.” - Benjamin Disraeli, 1851. Also: Joseph Joubert, Pensées, No.203, 1838, 1842. - Court inscription of Superior Court of California. Also ascribed to Winston Churchill: - How often did he know it and put it into action? - JZ, 7.1.86. - Shooting off an IBM with a nuclear warhead is truly an action, but is it just? - At most one could say that justice is the realization of genuine individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 5.7.92. - If I drop something on Earth, it will fall, unless it is tied, glued, nailed or screwed on or otherwise held up. This is true, but is it justice? Obviously, he meant only the use of truths for relationships between people. But even there: Is total frankness and expression of all the opinions one has of others, in their presence or in their absence, always demanded by "justice"? In certain situations one should not lie or remain silent - but in others! Formulas can be expressed in so general terms that they become rather useless. - JZ, 16.11.02. – “What is the truth?” – Pilato. As Kant pointed out, a truth is a correct statement on facts and relationships. Since there are trillions of facts and relationships, “the truth” on everything does not and cannot exist, only the trillions of truths on trillions of facts and relationships can and do exist, at least in some minds. – JZ, 11.5.13. – An irresponsible husband and father may truly gamble away all the property of his family. Would that be truth in action? – JZ, 21.9.13. - TRUTH

JUSTICE: Justice may be called, of all things, the miracle worker amongst men.” - John Bright, 1868.

JUSTICE: Justice may be defined, [as] that virtue which impels us to give to every person what is his due. In this extended sense of the word, it comprehends the practice of every virtue, which reason prescribes, or society should expect. Our duty to our Maker, to each other, and to ourselves, are fully answered, if we give them what we owe them. Thus justice, properly speaking, is the only virtue; and all the rest have their origin in it. - The qualities of candor, fortitude, charity, and generosity, for instance, are not, in their own nature, virtues; and if ever they deserve the title, it is owing only to justice, which impels and directs them. Without such a moderator, candor might become indiscretion, fortitude obstinacy, charity imprudence, and generosity mistaken profusion. …” - Oliver Goldsmith, The Bee, No. III, p.364. – What do we owe to our maker, the invisible and most likely non-existing “God”? What good are sacrifices or worship or thanks to a perfect being? – A being, if it exists, so perfect that it also causes all natural catastrophes and all kinds of diseases and pestilences for its children and does not even prevent wars and mass murders among them! - JZ, 21.9.13. – VIRTUES, GOD, WORSHIP, SACRIFICES, FAITH

JUSTICE: Justice means: Recognize the other and respect where you cannot love.” – (Gerecht sein heisst: den anderen als anderen gelten zu lassen, es heisst: da anerkennen, wo man nicht lieben kann.) - Pieper. - LOVE, RECOGNITION & RESPECT

JUSTICE: Justice must not only be done but manifestly must be seen to be done.” - Lord Chief Justice Hewart, 1924.

JUSTICE: Justice must not only be seen to be done. It must be seen to be believed.” - Beachcomber. (J. B. Morton.) - PUBLICITY, OPENNESS, SECRECY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL IN ALL SPHERES

JUSTICE: Justice must tame, whom mercy cannot win.” - George Savile, Lord Halifax, 1633-1695. - Justice should be a primary and mercy merely a secondary consideration. - JZ, 16.11.02. – MERCY, CHARITY, BENEVOLENCE, LOVE

JUSTICE: Justice never is anything in itself, but in dealing of men with one another in any place whatever and at any time, it is a kind of compact not to harm or be harmed.” - Epicurus, Principal Doctrines, 33, ca. 341-270 B.C. - Rather, not to do wrong and not to be wronged. – JZ – HARM OR WRONG?

JUSTICE: Justice obligates man to eschew violence and to stress attraction.” - Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 5/74, referring to Leonard E. Read's How to Advance Liberty. – Should one use ONLY the power of attraction towards an attacker? – JZ, 16.1.09. – APPEALS, QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR AIMS, DES. TREATMENT OF POW’s, MASS FRATERNIZATION, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION, SELF-DEFENCE, DETERRENCE, RESISTANCE, RIGHT TO REVOLUTION, SECESSIONISM, ATTRACTION OF BETTER EXAMPLES VS. VIOLENCE, FORCE, COERCION & COMPULSION

JUSTICE: Justice ought to be stricter and cheaper: "Reason ought to teach us that justice can never be really such unless it is gratuitous so far as innocent parties are concerned; …" - S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.382. - Ascribing this view to and quoting Sir Roland Wilson, in The Province of the State, and also to Individualists. – It also ought to be achieved much faster and with much greater certainty than it is today! - JZ, 28.10.02, 11.5.13. – Insurance against court costs could at least come to cover otherwise unbearable defence costs. It might also cover the costs of suits for indemnification or get paid for it out of the indemnification or by the party found guilty. – JZ, 21.9.13. – DELAYS, INSURANCE

JUSTICE: Justice rather than love is needed for most relationships between most people. - JZ, 19.5.93. - The word "justice" may have been too unknown, vague and incomprehensible for those to whom Jesus Christ preached. Justice is still not widely enough comprehended today. - JZ, 27.10.02. There are even and still are xyz misunderstandings of love, leading to some murders out of jealousy under the wrong assumption that the person one loves is a piece of property. – The misconceptions on justice may be still as numerous or even more varied than are those on love. - JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. - VS. LOVE

JUSTICE: Justice requires that you should not place the burdens of one man on the shoulders of another man, even though he is better able to bear them.” - Auberon Herbert, Mack edition, p.57. – TAXATION, COMPULSORY REDISTRIBUTIONISM, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, WELFARE STATES

JUSTICE: Justice rules when rights are respected or protected and individual responsibility applies to offenders. - JZ, ca. 1975-1980. - However, there is a limited case for applying collective responsibility to criminals with victims. If they do not form a mutual insurance company to make good all the damages they do, as far as that can be done, then such an organization can be forced upon them, financed via levies upon all those convicted of crimes with victims and with indemnification claims against them only being reduced in accordance with the information they supply on other criminals, not yet convicted for particular crimes. - See my articles on this in my PEACE PLANS series. - JZ, 16.11.02.

JUSTICE: justice should be sold on the free market like any other good, rather than poorly dispensed through a monopolistic judicial system.” - Scott, in LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, No.73, p.28.

JUSTICE: Justice should know "no limits in time or distance". - Simon Wiesenthal, quoted in READER'S DIGEST, 3/72. – STATUTES OF LIMITATIONS

JUSTICE: Justice should not only be done, but be manifestly and undoubtedly be seen to be done.” - Lord Hewart, Jstius, Rex v. Sussex 9 Nov. 1923. - PUBLICITY

JUSTICE: Justice to all.” (“Justitia omnibus.”) - Motto of the District of Columbia. – The District from which most of the injustice in the U.S.A. now originates. In other words, from Washington, D.C. – JZ, 16.1.09.

JUSTICE: Justice Versus Social Justice.” - Leonard E. Read, heading of chapter 14 of "Who's Listening?" - p.93. – SOCIAL JUSTICE?

JUSTICE: Justice was rarely at home or produced at courts. - JZ, 5.4.99. - COURTS

JUSTICE: Justice will never be sufficiently defined until all individual rights and liberties are sufficiently defined. – JZ, 2.5.13.

JUSTICE: Justice will only exist where those not affected by injustice are filled with the same amount of indignation as those affected. - Plato in - INDIGNATION, MORAL SENSE, KNOWLEDGE & APPRECIATION OF ALL GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES.

JUSTICE: Justice without force is powerless; force without justice is tyrannical.” - Blaise Pascal, 1623-1662. – Another version: “Justice without power is inefficient; power without justice is tyranny. Justice without power is opposed, because there are always wicked men. Power without justice is soon questioned. Justice and power must therefore be brought together, so that whatever is just may be powerful, and whatever is powerful may be just.” - Blaise Pascal, Pensees. - FORCE, POWER, TYRANNY

JUSTICE: Justice Without Law?” Subtitled: “Resolving Disputes Without Lawyers.” Book title by Jerod S. Auerbach. - That is, probably, the only way we could ever achieve justice. - JZ, 2.8.92. - LAW, LAWYERS

JUSTICE: justice without law"... "justice according to law" - Terms used by Ezra Pound. – LAW, LAWS

JUSTICE: Justice without wisdom is impossible.” - J. A. Froude, Short Studies on Great Subjects: Party Politics. – WISDOM, KNOWLEDGE, REASON, UNDERSTANDING, COMPREHENSION, RATIONALITY

JUSTICE: Justice, being destroyed, will destroy; being preserved, will preserve; it must never, therefore, be violated.” [MANU] - ? - Stress the first part or leave rest out. - D.Z. – I still do not know what he meant thereby. – He was and may still be inclined towards cryptic remarks. - JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Justice, not laws and regulations! - JZ, 13.5.92. - LAWS & REGULATIONS

JUSTICE: Justice, once disturbed, cannot be restored by indemnification between the victims alone. The offender (or similar types of offenders, rather than the general public must be held responsible for all the damages, including the costs of his apprehension. Different kinds of penal codes and judiciary systems and rehabilitation, punishment, deterrence and indemnification systems will be applied by different panarchies. - JZ, 28.7.84, 16.11.02. – At least one of them will hold all convicted criminals, at least all those guilty of the same kind of criminal offence, collectively responsible for all the indemnifications required to their victims. – JZ, 11.5.13. – INDEMNIFICATION, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONVICTED CRIMINALS TO PROVIDE RESTITUTION, AS FAR AS POSSIBLE.

JUSTICE: Justice, too, is largely a subjective value beyond the commands of non-interventionism or the non-initiation of force, or the equal claim of all rational beings to basic rights: individual rights and liberties, if and to the extent that they are aware of them and do appreciate and respect them. Thus it is differently conceived and practised among different people, doing their things to and for themselves and it is just that they do this rather than attempt to apply their concepts and practices of justice to those who do not agree with them. - To that extent it is just and fair that they do apply different laws or rules and policing, juridical and penal among themselves, like different kinds of sports and different churches apply different rules among their voluntary participants. - JZ, 16.11.02, 11.5.13. – However, in the long run, the free competition between them will come to clarify individual rights and liberties for all and will, gradually, move us towards a world-wide free and just society of sufficiently enlightened people. Its ideals, law, rights and liberties can now not be imposed but, at best, freely demonstrated by their subscribers. – JZ, 16.1.09.  SUBJECTIVE VALUE THEORY, RELATIVITY OF JUSTICE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM EVEN IN THIS SPHERE, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, PANARCHISM, ENLIGHTENMENT, A COSMOPOLITAN FREE & JUST SOCIETY – FINALLY, AFTER MANY DIFFERENT & PROLONGED EXPERIMENTS AMONG VOLUNTEERS!?

JUSTICE: Justice: Is the handmaiden of government and thus bespeaks the character of its master ...” – Dagobert D. R. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p.74. - Better: Justice is too often the ... - JZ ,1/75.

JUSTICE: Justice? Who asks for justice? We make our own justice. We make it here on Arrakis - win or die. Let us not rail about justice as long as we have arms and the freedom to use them. - Frank Herbert, Heretics of Dune, p.493. - Any conqueror and dictator and other "great" leader might have argued likewise, while committing, with armed force, one injustice after another. However, there is something very different about merely receiving justice from above, as a divine or political dispensation, and being involved in making or choosing and assisting a justice system of one's own. - JZ, 7.2.02. – MILITIA, VOLUNTARISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, SOCIETES & COMMUNITIES, PERSONAL LAW

JUSTICE: Knowing of the rights of others, sometimes expressed as not doing unto others that which one would not have done unto self: Justice.” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.171. – GOLDEN RULE

JUSTICE: Law is justice. And it is under the law of justice, under the rule of right, under the influence of liberty, security, stability, and responsibility, that every man will attain to the full worth and dignity of his being, and that mankind will achieve, in a calm and orderly way - slowly, no doubt, but surely - the progress to which it is destined.” - Bastiat, Essays, p.94. - By "the law" he did not mean the unjust laws of "plunderbunds". – JZ, n.d. - & LAW, RIGHT, LIBERTY, SECURITY, STABILITY, RESPONSIBILITY, PROGRESS

JUSTICE: Law never made men a whit more just.” - Henry David Thoreau. – LAWS VS. THE LAW

JUSTICE: Law without justice is a mockery.” - Jerry Pournelle, ANALOG, 3/74. – “The law” must either be an exterritorial or personal law to be a just one or an international law based upon recognition of genuine individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 16.1.09. – LAWS VS. THE LAW. PERSONAL LAW, THE LAW, INTERNATIONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUSTICE: Laws do not mean justice but where there are no laws, justice CAN exist. - JZ, 8.1.1986, 16.1.09. – JUSTICE, OR THE LAW OR INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES VS. LAWS

JUSTICE: Learn to do justice.” – (Discite justitiam.) - Vergil: Aeneid, VI, 1,620. 18 B.C. – If free to do so! We are not free to secede from a wrongful State or to issue sound money in competition with the unsound money of the State, or free to refuse to pay our tax-tributes towards wrongful government expenditures. – A complete list would be very long. – JZ, 16.1.09, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: Let justice be a weapon. - Or: Use justice as a weapon. - JZ, after reading Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.973: "The weapon was justice."

JUSTICE: Let justice be done so that the world does not perish.” – (Fiat justitia, ne pereat mundus.) - From B. B. Greaves: Mises Made Easier. – A great improvement on the much older version running essentially like this: “Let justice be done, even though the world might perish as a result!” Meaning of the latter statement: Justice, not survival is the highest value. - JZ, 27.10.02. 11.5.13. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

JUSTICE: Let justice be done, so that the world becomes saved. - JZ, 7.4.77.

JUSTICE: Let justice be done, though the heavens fall.” (Fiat justitia, ruat coelum.) - Source ?

JUSTICE: Let justice be your breastplate, and you shall need to fear no enemies, for you shall strike a terror to your now insulting oppressors, and force all the Nations Peace to fly before you. Prosecute and prosper.” - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648.

JUSTICE: Let justice live, even if it costs the world.” – ( Es lebe die Gerechtigkeit und sterbe die Welt.” ) - Abraham a Santa Clara. - Another perverse notion on justice. Who will then be alive to enjoy justice? Man is likely to survive only through justice and will perish through injustice, e.g., the injustice inherent in ABC mass murder devices. - JZ, 28.10.02, 16.1.09. – Some fools still believe that they should get faster into the kind of “heaven” that they still do believe in. – JZ, 11.5.13. - SURVIVAL, WORLD, DIS.

JUSTICE: Let order and justice prevail.” - Bastiat, quoted by G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.208.

JUSTICE: Let our strength be the law of justice: for that which is feeble is found to be nothing worth.” - Apocrypha: Wisdom of Solomon, ii, 11.

JUSTICE: Let right be done - or do it yourself. - JZ - RIGHT

JUSTICE: Let there be courts of justice instead of law. - JZ, 27.11.73, after reading: "Let there be justice in the courts instead of law." - in "Treasury of Thought”, by Dagobert D. R. Runes, p.81.

JUSTICE: Let us have justice, and then we shall have enough liberty. - Joseph Joubert - & LIBERTY, RIGHTS

JUSTICE: Libertarians believe that justice is that which ought to be done by one to another.” - Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.16.

JUSTICE: Live and let live is the rule of common justice. - Roger L'Estrange – TOLERANCE, NON-INTERVENTIONS, LEAVE ALONE, ZERO-AGGRESSION PRINCIPLE, LIVE & LET LIVE

JUSTICE: Live and let live is the rule of common justice.” - in Sir Roger L'Etrange, Fables of Aesop, 127. – Should we continue the lives of all convicted mass murderers, at our expense? Or could they earn enough being displayed as wild animals in a zoo to cover their living expenses there and all the indemnification claims against them? Even numerous interviews with the mass media could hardly earn them that much. There is a case for the death penalty, at least sometimes, e.g. when it comes to tyrannicide. – JZ, 11.5.13. - TOLERANCE

JUSTICE: Maladministration of justice raises, very considerably, the cost of living for all.” - Herbert Spencer, The Study of Sociology, postscript.

JUSTICE: Man has a right to justice - at the expense of the aggressor, if he exists. The difference in this regard between justice and a good such as food, a job, or shelter, is this: to claim a 'right to food' is to demand something positive from others which it is not in their interest (*) to provide; but to claim a right to justice is to ask of others only the negative requirement of non-aggression. The cliché, "freedom isn't free", describes an undesirable present fact of reality. ... It certainly should not be mistaken for the ideal or for the condition of a truly libertarian society.” - R. A. Childs, Jr., THE LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 10.7.72. - (*) or their duty. – JZ.

JUSTICE: Man ought to become just, without the assistance of laws, merely by faith.” - Bible, Romans, 3, 28. (My translation from a German quote. - JZ) “For we reckon that a man is declared righteous by faith apart from works of law.” - New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures. – “Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.” - The Holy Bible, King James Version, distributed by THE GIDEONS. – Even the bible, supposedly God’s law, does not sufficiently distinguish between “the law” and “laws”. – JZ, 16.1.09. – THE LAW VS. LAWS, BIBLE, SCRIPTURES

JUSTICE: Maybe there is a little bit of justice in the world after all.” - From The New Mike Hammer film: The Golden Lady. - And maybe we can increase that amount a little. - JZ, 3.8.89.

JUSTICE: Maybe what we need is less law and more justice.” - F. M. Busby, Getting Home, p.151. - LAWS

JUSTICE: Moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.” - Senator Barry Goldwater. Acceptance speech, Republican National Convention, San Francisco, 16.7.1964. - Didn't he or his ghostwriter, perhaps Karl Hess, also say, then or later: "Extremism in the pursuit of justice is no vice!" - However, he seemed to have included, in his extremism, the pursuit of nuclear strength and nuclear defence, in both of which a great injustice is inherent. Not that the other candidates clearly rejected such policies and were prepared to destroyed these mass murder devices, even unilaterally, given the chance to do so. - JZ, 28.10.02, 21.9.13. - MODERATION, EXTREMISM, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

JUSTICE: Mortgage CEO Gets 40-Month Sentence for $3 Billion Fraud, Homeless Man Gets 15 Years for Taking $100 - - What else do you expect from a governmental and bureaucratic justice administration, one of the main wrongful territorial monopolies? Can you name one of them that has worked well and cheaper and better than freely competing private or cooperative alternatives could and would? – JZ, 1.11.11 on Facebook. – Revised: 21.9.13. - SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENTS

JUSTICE: Nationalized, legalized, lawyerized and bureaucratized justice is no longer justice. - JZ 5.4.99, 27.10.02

JUSTICE: natural law is justice itself ... the nature of justice can no more be altered by legislation than the nature of numbers can be altered by the same means.” - Lysander Spooner, quoted in Libertarian Handbook, 1973. – NATURAL LAW, NATURAL RIGHTS

JUSTICE: No free government or the blessings of liberty can be preserved to any people but by a firm adherence to justice, moderation, temperance, frugality, and virtue, and by frequent recurrence to fundamental principles." - From the Virginia Declaration of Rights, drafted by George Mason and adopted on June 12, 1776, Article 15. – PRINCIPLES, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

JUSTICE: no good ever came from the application of one injustice to the cure of another.” - Albert Jay Nock, Journal of Forgotten Days, May 1934 - October 1935, Regnery, 1948, p.105.

JUSTICE: No more than justice is obligatory, and no less. - JZ, 73/75. – DUTY, OBLIGATION

JUSTICE: No system of judicature can be suggested in which occasionally failure to insure complete justice may not arise.” - Mr. Justice Hawkins, Judgment in Rex vs. Miles, 1890. - But then let it happen through the self-chosen juridical avenues of personal laws and jurisdictions. - JZ, 10.7.86. – Under competing jurisdiction systems such cases, costs and delays will tend to become reduced. – JZ, 16.1.09. - JURISDICTION, COURTS, PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: No territorial political form CAN do justice to all the diverse individuals living in a territory. - JZ, 15.1.90. - VS. TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: No votes, no justice!” - Michael Z. Williamson, Freehold, 353 – Justice usually does not come through voting. - JZ, 27.7.04. – Rather through reason and enlightenment, usually only found in individuals and in some minorities. Has the majority every clearly subscribed to all individual rights and liberties? Does it even know them or show a sufficient interest for them? – Not so far, not until it is, finally, sufficiently enlightened. One way to do so would be for more or less enlightened minorities to opt out and to try to set the best example for all others under personal laws and exterritorial autonomy for their volunteers. – Another, to attempt to sufficiently collaborate to produce an ideal declaration of this kind. Another one: A systematic attempt to refute all errors and prejudices raised against individual rights and liberties in optimal ways. - JZ, 8.9.07. – VOTING, PANARCHISM, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MAJORITY DESPOTISM, DEMOCRACY

JUSTICE: not our own invented justice, which we have simply thought up to fit our convenient earthly paradise. There is a justice, which existed before us, without us and for its own sake. And our task is to divine what it is.” - Alexander Solzhenitsyn, August 14, p.476. - Rights apply only to rational beings, not to ants or spiders. Thus before man there were not human rights. They do not apply to stones, plants or animals, by their very nature. The totalitarian communists offered neither justice nor peace or freedom nor a State socialist paradise. Rights cannot be clearly conceived and formulated by divinations but only by clear reasoning. Confused notions cannot sufficiently enlighten. - JZ, 28.10.02, 11.5.13. - NATURAL JUSTICE, NATURAL LAW, HUMAN RIGHTS, DIS.

JUSTICE: Nothing is ever settled till it is settled right.” - Quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, April 83. - RIGHT, SETTLEMENT OF DIFFERENCES

JUSTICE: Now, if von Mises and the Austrian school are correct in their conclusion that market means are the optimal mechanism for supplying human wants, then justice and freedom should be most efficiently produced by the free market.” - Don Franzen, Reply to Peter Crosby's "Utopia of Competition", THE PERSONALIST. – It is not the free market, which produces justice and freedom but it is individual rights and liberties, especially economic ones, which do produce a free market once they are realized. That was so far never the case. For instance, monetary and financial freedom are still largely suppressed in every territorial State and not fully recognized in any territorial constitution or statist bill of rights. – JZ, 11.5.13. – PANARCHISM, FREE MARKET, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

JUSTICE: Observe the principle governing justice ... it is the principle that no man may obtain any values from others without the owner's consent - and, as a corollary, that a man's rights may not be left at the mercy of the unilateral decision, the arbitrary choice, the irrationality, the whim of another man.” - Ayn Rand, quoted by Mr. Baird, OPTION, 10/76. - Only the consent of men, i.e. of rational beings, is decisive, not of beasts of prey, inhuman form. - JZ, 18.11.82. - CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM, COERCION, RIGHTS, ARBITRARINESS, CHOICE, RATIONALITY, IRRATIONALITY, WHIM, CONTRACTS, AGREEMENTS

JUSTICE: Of all these things respecting which learned men dispute there is none more important than clearly to understand that we are born for justice, and that right is founded not in opinion, but in nature.” - Marcus Tullius Cicero, Laws (De Legibus). - Seldes, The Great Quotations, p.536. - RIGHTS, NATURAL LAW, MAN, HUMAN RIGHTS, LAW

JUSTICE: Of the two principles libertarians share: "Do No Injustice" and "Suffer No Injustice", the first injunction should be to "Suffer No Injustice" and the second "Do None". The certainty of meeting a firm and resolute resistance to injustice is far more powerful than a simple prohibition. The man who defends his life and just property defends the conditions required for his continued existence.” - Carl Watner, On Justice, quoting von Ihering, The Struggle for Law, 76 & 46.

JUSTICE: Once the meaning of justice is legalized and formalized, however, the rule of law (as the astute progressive essayist Herbert Croly understood) means "government by lawyers" conducted " in the interest of litigation." - Jerold S. Auerbach, Justice Without Law? P.143. - THE RULE OF LAW, LAWYERS & GOVERNMENTS

JUSTICE: One loves justice because would might become oneself a victim of injustice.” – (Man liebt die Gerechtigkeit, weil man selbst ein Opfer des Unrechts werden koennte.) - La Rochefoucauld. - INJUSTICE, SYMPATHY & MAN

JUSTICE: One man's justice is another's injustice.” - B. W. Emerson: Circles, 1841. - Compare: “One law for the lion and the ox is oppression.” - William Blake - So, let us apply to justice systems what justice demands for all other things: To each his own! - JZ, 10.7.86. – PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE, COMPETITION, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION & CONTRACT IN EVERY SPHERE, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, INJUSTICE, TOLERANCE, EXTERRITORIALISM, DIVERSITY & COMPETITION ALSO FOR DIVERSE JUSTICE, GOVERNANCE, SOCIETAL & COMMUNITY SYSTEMS

JUSTICE: One sometimes wonders what the American Civil Liberties union would have done if the Bill of Rights had included the article: "Congress shall pass no law obstructing the pursuit of justice." - William F. Buckley, Jr., in: Four Freedoms, p.102. – Was the CLU ever civilized and enlightened, just and tolerant enough to try to draft a declaration of all individual rights and liberties or did it always misunderstand or misinterpret these concepts and often even turned them into their opposite? – JZ, 11.5.13. - BILL OF RIGHTS & THE CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION

JUSTICE: One-hour doing justice is worth a hundred in prayer.” - Islamic Proverb. - PRAYER

JUSTICE: Only the free market can provide a close approximation to justice. - JZ, 12/72. - MARKET

JUSTICE: Only the market can properly market justice. – D.Z., 31.10.76. - MARKET

JUSTICE: Our defence is not in armaments, nor in science, nor in going underground. Our defence is in law and order.” - Albert Einstein, 1879-1955. - Can the usual democratic or republican "law and order" system defend us sufficiently against internal and external aggression? Against private terrorism or official terrorism with ABC mass murder devices? - JZ, 16.11.02. – LAW & ORDER AGAINST THE NUCLEAR WAR THREAT? – TERRITORIALISM, DEFENCE, AGGRESSION

JUSTICE: Ours is a sick profession. [A profession marked by] incompetence, lack of training, misconduct, and bad manners. Ineptness, bungling, malpractice, and bad ethics can be observed in court houses all over this country every day." - Chief Justice Warren Burger. - JUSTICE SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENTS, GOVERNMENT COURTS, JUDGES

JUSTICE: Peace without justice is tyranny.” - William Allen White. – The tyranny of a peace without justice, that ended WW I, led to at least 3 other tyrannies in Germany: Two of the monetary despotism kind: The Great Inflation and the Great Depression and, thirdly, to that of the Nazi Regime. – JZ, 16.1.09. – A fourth one was the totalitarianism of the East German regime. Monetary and financial despotism was continued under all regimes, even the democratic ones. – JZ, 21.9.13. - PEACE & TYRANNY

JUSTICE: Please - a little less love, and a little more common decency.” - Kurt Vonnegut, Slapstick, 1976, p 33. – Public rutting between humans seems to dehumanize it and puts it on a level with dogs engaging in public copulations. – JZ, 21.9.13. - DECENCY VS. LOVE, MORALITY, ETHICS

JUSTICE: Policemen: They are friends when supporting justice and foes when inflicting injustice.” - L. E. Read. - POLICE

JUSTICE: Present legal and juridical systems mostly grind up individual rights and liberties - or ignore them altogether.” - JZ, 5.4.99. - RIGHTS, COURTS

JUSTICE: Privileges of all kinds are the grave of freedom and justice.” – (Privilegien aller Art sind das Grab der Freiheit und Gerechtigkeit.) - Seume. - FREEDOM & PRIVILEGES

JUSTICE: Property and justice are water", he said finally. "No man can hold them long. I have spent many years in courtrooms, and I have seen property and justice change when a man speaks, change as the caterpillar changes to the butterfly. Do you understand me? I thought I had victory in my hands, and then the judge spoke and it went away. Like water running through the fingers." - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus I, p.154. – All too typical for justice and legislation in the hands of the State. - JZ 8.1.1985, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: Punishment is justice for the unjust.” - St. Augustine. – It should be, but how often was it and is it? – JZ, 11.5.13. - PUNISHMENT

JUSTICE: Rawl ... arguing that "just institutions are those which allow creativity to all people." - W. Stoddard, "REASON", 3/74. – Our territorial and democratic institutions allowed a Hitler to become not only to be a paper hanger, draftsman and painter but also a tyrannical ruler over all German and much of Europe – for all too long. – From this alone we should conclude that they were and are not sufficiently just. – JZ, 16.1.09. – Compare Leonard E. Read’s frequent demand: “Release all creative energies!” Democratic and Republican governments passed too many wrongful laws, upheld to many monopolies and wrongful restrictions and institutions, e.g. tax tributes, protectionism and monetary as well as financial despotism. All their wrongs fall under the term territorialism. If they were only confined to their statist supporters, under their kind of personal law, individually adopted by all their voluntary members, then this and their consequences for them would serve them right. Full experimental freedom for all kinds of statists as well as all kinds of freedom lovers. This requires the abolition of territorialism, its wrongful centralization, monopolism, coercion and collectivism for all of them. – JZ, 11.5.13, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: Render unto all men their due, but remember thou art also a man.” - Martin F. Tupper, Proverbial Philosophy: of Humility.

JUSTICE: Reward evil with justice and reward good with good.” - Confucius. - EVIL, GOOD, REWARDS

JUSTICE: Rightfulness; uprightness, equitableness, as the justice of a cause.” - Quoted by Sprading as an accepted definition.

JUSTICE: Since Spooner thought that justice was something that could be learned by all mankind, he considered it an impudence on the part of lawmakers to assume that the rest of mankind needed their commands to know what is and what is not just.” - Carl Watner, on Lysander Spooner, in Holterman, Law in Anarchism, p.132. - "The science of justice is as open to be learned by all other men, as by themselves (the legislators); and it is, in general, so simple and easy to be learned, that there is no need of, and no place for, any man, or body of men, to teach it, declare it, or command it, on their own authority." - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p. 5. - MAN, LAWMAKERS, JUDGES, LAWS

JUSTICE: So long as governments depend on coercion, justice cannot be obtained.” - Carl Watner, on Spooner, REASON, 3/73. – So long as governments insist upon territorial rule justice cannot be obtained. – JZ, 16.1.09. – COERCION, LEGALIZED MONOPOLIES, TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: so many lawyers, advocates, so many tribunals, so little justice; so many laws, yet never more disorders; the tribunal a labyrinth; to see a lamb executed, a wolf pronounce sentence?” - Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, 1621. - Obviously, organized governmental injustice is nothing new. High time to overthrow this territorial imposition as well, not only in the sphere of religion and in that of private life styles, where it has already been widely abolished. - JZ, 27.10.02, 11.5.13. - INJUSTICE, COURTS, LAWYERS, LAWS, JUDGES, PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: Some justice is better than none – but it is not good enough. It must be full justice.” – (Etwas Gerechtigkeit ist nicht genug. Sie ist besser als keine – aber sie ist nicht gut genug. Sie muss die volle sein.) - JZ, 25.10.82, 21.9.13. - FULL OR COMPLETE VS. SOME JUSTICE

JUSTICE: Something as sensitive as justice shouldn't be administered by territorial governments. - JZ 29.6.74. - I.e., not by politicians and bureaucrats. Then it turns out even worse than art, music, charity, postal and transport services, police protection and defence administered by them as well as all approaches to nuclear disarmament and general peace. - They are so mistaken that e.g. they still do imagine that they can promote justice, freedom and prosperity by their avalanches of legislation! - JZ, 16.11.02, 11.5.13, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: Sparing justice feeds iniquity.” - Shakespeare, The Rape of Lucrece, 1594.

JUSTICE: Speed is not of the essence; justice very definitely is.” - E. E. 'Doc' Smith, First Lensman, p. 215. - Is justice done to a man when his court case is rightfully settled only after his death? Justice ought to be speedy, too! - JZ, 16.11.02. – And so should be justice done to tyrants be: Tyrannicide, a.s.a.p.! – JZ, 16.1.09.

JUSTICE: Spooner no more than John Brown expected justice through legal channels.” - Charles Shively, in introduction to Spooner's works, 1, p.38. – LAWS, LEGAL CHANNELS, COURTS

JUSTICE: statute law did not have its source in justice nor is justice the outcome of such law.” - Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.17. - LAWS

JUSTICE: Sumner advanced a fundamental principle of justice: "I am entitled to make the most I can of myself without hindrance from anybody, but I am not entitled to any guarantee that I should make as much of myself as somebody else makes of himself.” - W. G. Sumner, quoted by J. Marshall, JLS, Fall 79.

JUSTICE: governments have organized and practised injustice rather than justice. Full justice for all can only be organized exterritorially and by volunteer communities among their voluntary members. – How infective that example would be remains to be seen. - JZ, 24.11.92, 16.1.09. - Full justice does not mean uniform justice for all kinds of people but just the kind of justice, which they want for themselves and their own affairs. Territorial governments do not give all their subjects this option. - JZ, 27.10.02. PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE & JURISDICTION, COURTS, POLYARCHISM

JUSTICE: That justice is the highest quality in the moral hierarchy I do not say, but that it is the first. That which is above justice must be based on justice, and include justice, and be reached through justice.” - Henry George, Social Problems, IX, 1884.

JUSTICE: That which is unjust can really profit no one; that which is just can really harm no one.” - Henry George, The Land Question, Ch. 14. – According to this, someone quite justly sentenced to death and executed does, thereby, suffers no harm! Nor would a long-term prison-sentence harm him in any way or those, who have to bear the costs of his imprisonment! – Furthermore, according to this statement monopoly profits and “profitable” crimes would not be possible! - JZ, 16.1.09, 21.9.13. – Doesn't the death penalty harm the murderer? Doesn't crime pay, sometimes, for some criminals? - JZ 27.4.83. - With a murderer only an irrational being is eliminated, rational beings are not harmed but benefit by his execution - unless they take into consideration the earnings and indemnification potential thus destroyed. And crime pays, usually or all too often, only in the short run and only in money and excitement. - JZ, 8.1.1986, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: The aim of justice is to give everyone his due.” - Cicero, De legibus, I, c. 50 B.C. - The system of justice that is due to everyone is that system which was his individual choice, unless he offended willfully or carelessly against the justice system of someone else. - JZ, 10.7.86, 28.10.02. - PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: the appropriately named “criminal justice system …” - L. Neil Smith, Lever Action, A Mountain Media Book, 2001,, p.266. – Territorial justice is a criminal system. It cannot provide true justice to all and is continued nevertheless, just like other wrongful and legalized monopolies are, e.g. monetary and financial despotism, the decision-making monopoly on war and peace. – JZ, 11.5.13. – “CRIMES” WITHOUT VICTIMS

JUSTICE: The belief that men have a right to justice is implicit in the very spirit of libertarianism.” - R. A. Childs Jr., THE LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 10.7.72. – But they should not expect it from a “limited” but still territorial monopoly government, from which dissenting individuals and minorities cannot freely secede and with which they cannot freely compete under the personal law system of their own free choices. – JZ, 11.5.13. – LIMITED GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, LIBERTARIANISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, SECESSIONISM

JUSTICE: The Chinese sage, Mencius, is said to have declared: I desire life. I also desire Justice. But if I cannot have both, I shall have to let life go and take Justice.” - Carl Watner, On Justice, p.37, referring to the Works of Mencius, VI, I, 10.1. – How can he have justice after life? After suffering the greatest injustice, a wrongful execution? – Justice is worth risking one’s life but not certain death in a vain effort. - JZ, 16.1.09. – Maybe, he too, believed in a heavenly and eternal paradise for those unjustly killed? – JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: The conception of justice that underlies retributive and distributive justice is the same: distributions and punishments are considered just when each gets what he deserves, and unjust when this is not the case. In other words, JUSTICE CONSISTS OF METING OUT TO MEN WHAT THEY DESERVE. When they are punished because they are held to deserve evil and suffering, one speaks of retributive justice. When what is distributed is good, one speaks of distributive justice. I propose to criticize this kind of justice - retributive justice, in the remainder of this chapter, distributive justice in the next. The notion that distributive justice is better understood as fairness will also be taken up in the next chapter.” - Walter Kaufmann, Without Guilt and Justice, p.39.

JUSTICE: the crazy ziggurat of precedent and tradition that passes for "justice" dirtside.” - Heinlein, The Cat Who Walks Through Walls, p.65.

JUSTICE: The crooked course of Favor, greatness, or the like, is not the proper channel of Justice; it is pure, and individual, equally and alike proper unto all, descending and running in that pure line streaming and issuing out unto all, though grievously corrupted, vitiated, and adulterated from generation to generation.” - Overton, 9.9.1648.

JUSTICE: the duty of love is trivial in comparison with the duty of justice.” - Father Franziskus Stratmann, War & Christian Conscience, in "Morals & Missiles", ed. by C. S. Thompson, p.30. - Now, that is what I would call a Christian Reformation statement! - JZ, 7.1.1986. - In that he is ahead of many Protestants. - JZ, 16.11.02.

JUSTICE: The error is to confuse justice with equality, either (in the first case) equality of opportunity, or (in the second case) equality of outcome.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, HarperCollins, – p.430/31. - EQUALITY

JUSTICE: The essence of justice is respect.” – Proudhon – I would respect the gun in the hand of a hold-up man, but not his sense of justice and property rights. – JZ, 16.1.09, 10.5.13. - RESPECT

JUSTICE: The extremity of justice is extreme injustice.” - Richard Grafton, Chronicle at Large, 1568. - A misleading formula. All principles can be exaggerated on a nominalist basis. Every truth relates to others. Every value is bounded by other values, every right limited by other rights. - JZ, 10.7.86. - What is here called "extremity of justice" is, probably, by itself, essentially an unjust act that should never be called and act of justice. - To judge this judgment or misjudgment one may have to proceed from such generalities to practical cases. - JZ, 27.10.02. – Shooting to death a boy stealing an apple is not an act of extreme justice. – JZ, 16.1.09.

JUSTICE: The first principle of justice, according to Rawls, is equal liberty.” – William Stoddard, REASON, 3/74.

JUSTICE: The free market renders justice. Justice is a social term; it relates to relationships one with another and is achieved when our relations with each other are fair. How is a just exchange to be determined? It is simply a matter of respecting subjective judgments. If you prefer what I have to offer more than what you stand ready to give in exchange, that is all there is to it: economic justice. This is willing exchange - both parties willing - a prime tenet of the free market way of life.” - Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.45. – FREE EXCHANGE, FREE PRICING, DEALINGS ON A FREE MARKET FOR EVERY SERVICE, EVEN THAT OF PROVIDING PROTECTION & JUSTICE

JUSTICE: The game they play is lawful because they make the law to uphold their game; but they raise a hue and cry for 'law and order' if they find any game conflicting with theirs, and declare it unlawful. It is easy to see that laws thus enacted are unjust, for to be just, a law must be enacted for the benefit of all; thus it is in no wise logical to presume that the "legal" is the just. - When we compare the laws made today and the method and purpose of their making, with those of the past, we find them to be in perfect harmony. It was the law and custom of the past to provide for a class of idlers, it was customary for the powerful to enslave the weak, for the rich to rob the poor, for the unscrupulous to make laws in their own interests, even as it is the law and custom today. Surely it must be evident that law does not have its basis in justice, but rather in custom. TO BOTH LAW AND CUSTOM, JUSTICE IS A TOTAL STRANGER.” - Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarains, p.18. - LAW & CUSTOM

JUSTICE: The government cannot even ensure the production of a decent pair of boots - and still some believe it should be entrusted with the production of as sensitive articles as justice, freedom, peace, prosperity, harmony, progress, education, enlightenment, transportation, mail services. - JZ, 4.2.73.

JUSTICE: The governmental jurisdiction delays justice and to that extent destroys justice. For this disservice and also for delayed unjust decisions, it charges all too high monopoly prices. - JZ, 5.4.99. - COURTS

JUSTICE: The governmental justice system is slow, very expensive and all too often unjust. Nevertheless, its monopoly power is largely enforced. To improve it, it should be subjected to free competition, which could come to provide fast, cheap and almost certain justice. - JZ, 27.10.02. - COURTS

JUSTICE: The GUILTY try for MERCY, the VICTIM asks for JUSTICE.” - Steve Ditko, Mr. A. – I have so far seen only fragments of this and other libertarian comics series. Is it online by now? – A Google search revealed 108 references to it. I only glanced at the first 10 on one page. – JZ, 16.1.09. - VS. MERCY, LIBERTARIAN COMICS.

JUSTICE: The just among the Gentiles are priests of God.” - Eliyahu Zuta, 20. – “A Gentile who lives a goodly life is like a High Priest.” - Rabbi Meír, Abodah Zarah, 32. – “Even an idolator who studies Zorah is like the High Priest.” - Baba Kamma, 38a. - Are all priests renowned for their justice? - JZ, 28.10.02. – RELIGION, DIS.

JUSTICE: The need to differentiate between justice and envy.” - 6th Annual LP convention - on Earl Ravenal's speech. - SOCIAL JUSTICE, EQUALITY, ENVY, EGALITARIANISM, EQUALITY

JUSTICE: the only prerogative in society is liberty, the only supreme force, Law. Authority and charity, they say, have served their time. What we want instead is justice.” - Proudhon, in S. Edwards, in "The Question of Nationalities", p.59. – Minority autonomy and individual sovereignty and self-ownership require exterritorial secessionism combined with personal law choices for all kinds of societies, communities and governance systems, even one-person “cantons”. – JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: The price of justice is eternal publicity.” - Arnold Bennett, Things that have interested me. – Alas, under present conditions even full and digital publicity, world-wide, cannot as yet buy or otherwise assure justice, especially as long as it remains undefined in the absence of an ideal declaration of all individual rights and liberties and as long as such a declaration is not sufficiently protected by an ideal kind of militia of volunteers, established and maintained only for this purpose. Among these rights and liberties it would require individual and minority group secessionism and full monetary and financial freedom, at least for volunteers, free trade, at least among volunteers and free migration, i.e. the abolition of all territorial monopolies. – JZ, 11.5.13. - PUBLICITY

JUSTICE: The principle of every society is to be just towards oneself and others. If one ought to love one's neighbor as oneself, then it is at least as just to love oneself as one loves one's neighbor.” - Chamfort, in: Franzoesische Moralisten, p.268. - LOVE, SELF-LOVE & EGOISM

JUSTICE: the principle of Justice, which Proudhon never wavered insisting, is an idea and sentiment, a spiritual force animating the soul of man, immanent in his very nature. If it is not always the most energetic of our impulses, it is the most universal and the most constant.” - R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p.86.

JUSTICE: The purpose of a trial is to discover truth, not to demonstrate the ability of counsel. The ‘adversary’ system, derived at bottom from the old Norman concept of trial by combat - May God grant the right) has proven itself as absurd in practice as it is contrived in theory.” - Jerry Pournelle, in ANALOG, 9/83, p.111. – However, even this system of justice is right for those volunteers, who have chosen it for themselves – within their own communities. – JZ, 6.1.09, COURTS, ADVERSARY SYSTEM, FREE CHOICE FOR JUSTICE SYSTEMS, TOO! PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: The pursuit of knowledge for its own sake, an almost fanatical love of justice and the desire for personal independence - these are the features of the Jewish tradition which make me thank my stars that I belong to it.” - Albert Einstein, The World As I See It. - At the end this famous scientist uses the terms of astrologers! - Jews were in the forefront of the communist movement as well as that of the anarchist and libertarian movement. But has their love of justice led them as yet e.g., to monetary freedom and free trade and to reject territorialism? Did it lead Einstein to reject or recommend nuclear weapons research? Do they not still represent as much the ideas of "social justice" as of "justice"? And have they managed to produce, between them, many better and private declarations of individual rights and liberties? Aren't all too many of them still captivated by the notions of an ancient religion? And misled by the “myth of the chosen people”? Are not all too many of them still religious and believe in a God and in holy books and holy places? Have they, more than e.g. Christians, Muslims and Hindus rejected the principle of "collective responsibility" and of "defence" with ABC mass murder devices? They, Scottish and Japanese people are, according to some reports, among the most intelligent people in the world and yet, between them, do they not still subscribe, like all too many other peoples, to numerous popular errors, myths and prejudices, e.g., in attempting to establish a territorial and democratic Welfare State and to achieve statist security for it? Have they, any more than their Arab opponents, considered their exterritorial autonomy options? (*) Even the love for certain people, and admiration for their achievements should not make us blind to their remaining flaws, for which Einstein was perhaps a typical example. - JZ, 28.10.02. – (*) Both continue to largely ignore the Arab and Jewish traditions of personal law communities, at least partly and temporarily realized by them. Their “modern” thinking is swamped by territorialist notions and those of collective responsibility, which lead us, ultimately, to a general nuclear holocaust. – JZ, 11.5.13. - JEWS, KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING, INDEPENDENCE

JUSTICE: The rendering to everyone his due or right; just treatment.” - Sprading, quoting it as an accepted definition.

JUSTICE: the respect, spontaneously felt and reciprocally guaranteed of human dignity, in whatsoever person in whatsoever circumstance it may be compromised, and to whatsoever risk its defence may expose us.” - Proudhon, Justice, I, p.225, 1868 edition. - DIGNITY

JUSTICE: The root of all well-ordered social action is a sentiment of justice, which at once insists on personal freedom, and is solicitous for the like freedom of others; and there at present exists but a very inadequate amount of this sentiment.” - Herbert Spencer, Essays, From Freedom to Bondage.

JUSTICE: The science of justice is as open to be learned by all other men as by themselves; and it is, in general, so simple and easy to be learned, that there is no need of, and no place for, any man, or body of men, to teach it, declare it, or command it, on their own authority.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.5.

JUSTICE: The science of mine and thine - the science of justice - is the science of all human rights: of all a man's rights of person and property; of all his rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” - Spooner, Natural Law, p.1. - PROPERTY & ALL HUMAN RIGHTS

JUSTICE: The Socialist invokes the name of justice in order to coerce all to conform to the will of the government of the time being in all matters of production, distribution and exchange. He does so not only on the plea of a juster distribution of the rewards of toil in these directions, but on the ground of greater social efficiency. The Individualist holds that both these claims are contrary to the teaching of experience and of nature. Governments have not in fact so arranged the distribution of wealth; and in fact greater justice resides in the contention of the Individualist that the development of justice has been governed by the principle that the earnings of each individual shall be securedly preserved to him, and its chief aims have been to prevent individuals from plundering each other, and safeguarding for each what each has earned.” - S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.380/381. - COMMUNISM, STATE SOCIALISM AS OPPOSED TO VOLUNTARY OR COOPERATIVE SOCIALISM, INDIVIDUALISM, TAXATION, CONFISCTION, NATIONALIZATION, PROPERTY RIGHTS

JUSTICE: The Spartan principle of "calling that which is just, equal; not that which is equal, just." - Emerson, Essays, Second Series: Politics. - EQUALITY

JUSTICE: The specter of a dual system of justice loomed before me.” - Piers Anthony, Politician, Bio of a Space Tyrant, vol. 3, p.248. - Rather a multiple, competitive and voluntaristic system of justice consisting of many justice systems, all peacefully coexisting for their volunteers, with agreements on how to deal with those who crossed the line - and offended against members of other volunteer communities. - JZ, 29.6.00 & 25.1.02. - UNIFORMITY VS. COMPETITION, IMPOSED VS. CHOSEN JUSTICE SYSTEMS, EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW? EQUALITY OF VOLUNTEERS BEFORE THEIR LAW! PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: The State provides 'justice' by mass terror, 'freedom' by mass servitude, and 'defense' by mass murder.” - VONULIFE, 3/73. – DEFENCE, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, TERRORISM, CONSCRIPTION

JUSTICE: The State's concept of justice is as outdated as its judges' wigs. - JZ, 1973. - By now, in many cases, the wigs are gone but the unjust laws remain - and are even multiplied. - JZ, 7.1.1986. – LAWS, COURTS OF INJUSTICE, LEGISLATION & JURISDICTION MONOPOLIES, TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: The sword of the law should never fall but on those whose guilt is so apparent as to be pronounced by their friends as well as foes.” - Thomas Jefferson, Letter to Sarah Mease, March 1801. - In other words: Law should prosecute only by unanimous consent. Present States can at most approximate this condition by an ideal, i.e. a free jury system. Panarchies institutionalizes this principle generally. - JZ, 10.7.86, 21.9.13. - PUNISHMENT, PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: the system of the laws of justice is the same as the system of the laws of the world, and they are present in the human soul not only as ideas or concepts but as emotions or feelings.” - Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Selected Writings, N.Y., 1969, p.230.

JUSTICE: The voice of the majority is no proof of justice. – Johann von Schiller. in  – Friedrich von Schiller? – JZ – However, with the free jury system and its unanimous or majority voting we do, perhaps, come as close to just decisions as fallible human beings are able to come. – Their power to make wrongful decisions will be limited e.g. by individual secessionism, free competition between personal law communities of volunteers, an as complete and clear declaration of individual rights and liberties as could and should be provided by now and by suitable militias of volunteers for the protection of these rights and liberties as their only task, once they are fully informed and trained for this job. – JZ, 14.1.13. - MAJORITIES

JUSTICE: The work of justice shall be peace.” - Isaiah, in the Bible. – There is not enough talk about freedom, rights and intelligence in the Bible. Even now most Christians are still rather confused about such subjects. Not to speak of other religions, may be 35,000 of them, as a recent email to me asserted. – Really holy books, if conceivable and writable, would be much more clear and informative on such an important subject, instead of preaching even collective responsibility or merely love, faith, mercy and forgiveness, even for the enemies! - JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. – PEACE, FREEDOM, HUMAN RIGHTS, INTELLIGENCE, REASON, LOVE

JUSTICE: There are only two ways in which each of us can improve our lot: at our own expense; or at the expense of others. The first method constitutes justice; the second injustice.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.203.

JUSTICE: There is a point beyond which even justice becomes unjust.” - Sophocles, Electra, ca. 450 B.C. - I would rather say: A point where it ends and its authority is exceeded, or where it only succeeds in introducing an additional kind of injustice. - JZ, 10.7.86. - There is no right to infringe the rights and liberties of others. Justice does not authorize injustices. There is no inherent contradiction. - JZ, 27.10.02.

JUSTICE: There is no incompatibility between prosperity and justice, between peace and freedom.” - Bastiat, Sophisms, p.124.

JUSTICE: There is no justice!” - Indeed, we have to establish it first! The same applies to freedom and peace, security, enlightenment and progress, to a large extent. - JZ, 6.4.91, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: There is no longer any justice in judgments, competence in trades, discipline in daily life. …” - Saint Cyprian, quoted in: L. S. Stavrianos, The Promise of the Coming Dark Age, 1976, p.12.

JUSTICE: There is no other principle that any man can rightly enforce upon others, or ought to consent to have enforced against himself. Every man claims the protection of this principle for himself, whether he is willing to accord it to others or not ...” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.6.

JUSTICE: There is no real force without justice.” - Napoleon I, Maxims, 1804-15. - Force with justice is stronger than force with injustice. Injustice subtracts from force. Justice adds to force. The use of force without justice is wrong. The use of force to enforce justice is right. - JZ, 27.10.02. – FORCE, RIGHT, WRONG, INJUSTICE, AGGRESSION, OPPRESSION, TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: There never will be a decent political sense developed in this country until we breed a race of people who are as ready to go to the mat for justice in behalf of what they do not believe in as in behalf of what they do believe in. That is the spirit that utterly terrifies politicians and job holders and makes them walk a chalk line.” - A. J. Nock. – What did he mean by “makes them walk a chalk line”? – Simply going straight? – JZ, 11.5.13. – Are they going straight? I is this “spirit” strongly displayed? – JZ, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: There was no cry for freedom in 1642, only justice. Justice is the cry for obeyance of old laws. Liberty is the cry of revolution. Revolution may make new laws ... or none at all.” - Libertarian Handbook, 1973, p.27. – Obedience to …? Respect for? – JZ

JUSTICE: These plain men are the men who pay the taxes, and support the government. Why should they not have such an administration of justice as they desire, and can understand?” - Lysander Spooner, Trial by Jury, Works, Vol. I, p.134. – PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, CHOOSEN BY VOLUNTEERS FOR THEMSELVES, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & SECESSIONISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM VS. COMPULSION

JUSTICE: They call it the Halls of Justice because the only place you get justice is in the halls.” - Lenny Bruce. – JOKES, COURTS, GOVERNMENTAL JURISDICTION, PLEA BARGAINING

JUSTICE: They want to be free and know not how to be just.” – (Ils veulent etre libres et ne savent pas etre justes.) - (Sie wollen frei sein, und sie verstehen nicht gerecht zu sein.) - Abbé Joseph Sieyès, in the Constituent Assembly, 10 Aug., 1789. – Another version: “They want to be free but do not know how to be just.” – (Sie wollen frei sein und verstehen nicht, gerecht zu sein.) - Abbé Sieyès, in Nationalversammlung, 1793. - FREEDOM

JUSTICE: This is what we stand for: "Truth, Justice and the value of a single human being." - From film: Justice at Nuremberg. - TRUTH, INDIVIDUALS

JUSTICE: This way of doing things makes a cultural group work; it maintains orderly relationships.” - John Campbell, ANALOG, Dec. 66. – NAZIS and Soviets were also very orderly people. They legalized almost all their wrongs. Except those which they managed to hide, for all too long, even from all too many of their victims. – JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. – E.g. extermination camps with large signs above their entry: Labor Makes Free! (Arbeit macht frei!)

JUSTICE: To do justice to; to treat with fairness or according to merit; to render what is due ...” - Quoted by Sprading as accepted definition.

JUSTICE: To each his own.” – (Suum cuique. - Ancient Roman definition of justice.)

JUSTICE: To have a "Department of Justice", i.e. justice bureaucratically administered, was one of the greatest absurdities anyone could have dreamed up. - JZ, 18.8.80. – It is as absurd as having an Education Department, or one for religion and one for philosophy. Education and Enlightenment cannot be achieved bureaucratically, either. – JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. – BUREAUCRACY, JUSTICE, EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT

JUSTICE: To heal the breach between the rich and the poor, it is necessary to distinguish between justice and charity. There can be no claim for redress except where justice is violated.” - Pope Pius X: Apostolic Letter to the Bishops of Italy on Catholic Social Action, Dec. 18, 1903. - CHARITY, RICH, POOR

JUSTICE: To no one will we deny justice, to no one will we delay it.” - (Nulli negabimus, nulli differemus justitiam.) - Unknown, here from Magna Carta, 12 June, 1215.

JUSTICE: To say that men have a right to justice does not mean that they should be required to pay a tax to a government or a fee to an insurance company for the privilege of not being aggressed against. Man has a right to justice - at the expense of the aggressor, if he exists.” - R. A. Childs Jr., THE LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 10.7.72. – If an aggression took place, than one or several aggressors must have existed at least at that point of time. There is a case for holding not only the surviving and convicted aggressors responsible for the indemnificications for all crimes of the same kind but all others convicted for the same kind of crime. Then it would be in their interest to see to it that more of those, who were not yet convicted, become also convicted to help in this repayment obligation. All convicted robbers should then indemnify all the robbery victims, all the rapists all the rape victims etc. – At least I would work towards such a system in my own panarchy. - JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: To strive towards right in an injust way is doing wrong.” – (Recht tun auf ungerechte Art ist Unrecht.) - L. Schefer, Laienbrevier, Februar 28. - Compare: The end does not justify the means. - NUCLEAR STRENGTH, NUCLEAR DETERRENT, NUCLEAR DEFENCE, NUCLEAR WEAPONS TARGETS & COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

JUSTICE: Today it is rarely understood that the limitation of all coercion to the enforcement of general rules of just conduct was the fundamental principle of classical liberalism, or, I would almost say, its definition of liberty. This is largely a consequence of the fact that the substantive (or 'material') conception of law (as distinguished from a purely formal one) which underlies it, and which alone gives a clear meaning ...” – F. A. Hayek, Economic Freedom and Representative Government, II. – General rules do not fit all cases. Truths are agreements of statements with realities. There are millions of diverse realities and billions of human beings, all of them different. – JZ, 21.9.13. - CONDUCT, COERCION, LAW & CLASSICAL LIBERALISM

JUSTICE: True law is right reason conformable to nature, universal, unchangeable, eternal, whose commands urge us to duty, and whose prohibitions restrain us from evil ... This law cannot be contradicted by any other law, and is not liable either to derogation or abrogation. Neither the senate nor the people can give us any dispensation for not obeying this universal law of justice. It needs no other expositor and interpreter than our own conscience. It is not one thing at Rome, and another at Athens; one thing today, and another to-morrow; but in all times and nations this universal law must forever reign, eternal and imperishable.” - Cicero, De re publica, On the Commonwealth, translated in "Bohn's Classical Library, London, Bell and Daldy, 1872, p.360. - As if the demands of consciences did not differ in different people! Those with the same conscience and justice notions should associate to do their own things for and to themselves - and leave others, with different notions and practices alone. - JZ, 16.11.02. - TOLERANCE, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, CONSCIENCE, MORAL SENSE

JUSTICE: Truth is justice's handmaid, freedom is its child, peace is its companion, safety walks in its steps, victory follows in its train.” - Ascribed to Sydney Smith in: A Memoir of the Rev. Sydney Smith, by his daughter, Lady Holland, (Lady Holland's Memoir), 1855. - TRUTH, FREEDOM, PEACE, SECURITY, VICTORY, STRENGTH

JUSTICE: Truth is the summit of being; justice is the application of it to affairs.” - Emerson, Essays, Second Series: Character.

JUSTICE: Tyranny, not liberty, has been the custom in the past; and so Libertarians reject custom as a guiding principle, just as they reject power or might. They know that JUSTICE IS NOT SOMETHING THAT WAS, OR IS, BUT THAT IS TO BE. Pascal saw the absurdity of law and justice that have their source in custom, for he says: "In the just and unjust we find hardly anything which does not change its character in changing its climate. Three degrees of elevation of the pole reverse the whole of jurisprudence. A meridian is decisive of truth, or a few years of possession. Fundamentals always change! Right has its epochs! A pleasant justice that, which a river or a mountain limits! Truth on this side the Pyrenees, error on the other!" - Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.17. – CUSTOMS, TRADITIONS, LAWS, POWER, TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: Unable to strengthen justice, they have justified might. ...” - Pascal. – MIGHT, POWER, STRENGTH, COMPULSION, COERCION, TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: Unequal and prejudiced treatment of different classes: "How could a government be just when it treats one class of people, those in religion and publishing, as free to govern themselves - to follow or not to follow its own professional standards - but other classes, such as doctors, business people and financial advisors as in need of extensive supervision and regimentation?” - Tibor Machan, Liberty and Culture, p.104. - Those publishing on radio and TV are also under government regimentation. - And all of us are - as victims of territorial governments, continuously being outvoted or bureaucratically or politically ignored, or commanded, contrary to our personal preferences in numerous ways. Full consumer sovereignty towards all political and bureaucratic "services" and disservices, which would also mean voluntary taxation. That would rapidly reduce unjust and extensive governmentalism - and retain only some really wanted features - for voluntary victims. - JZ, 27.10.02. - GOVERNMENT, CLASSES, PRIVILEGES, FREEDOM FOR RELIGIOUS SERVICES BUT NOT FOR OTHERS, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FULL FREEDOM OF CONTRACT & ASSOCIATION FOR ALL, WHICH REQUIRES ALSO INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM

JUSTICE: Unless justice be done to others it will not be done to us.” - Woodrow Wilson. - Even the provision of justice is or ought to be a free exchange agreement, one between the victims rather than the victimizers - JZ, 28.10.02, 11.5.13. - MUTUALITY

JUSTICE: We can define justice as respect for free choice.” - Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 5/74. – FREE CHOICE, RESPECT

JUSTICE: we live under the permanent paradox that Justice, whose essence is equality and the very negation of power, is conceived as something which emanates from power.” - R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p.100, on Proudhon. – Warfare states are territorial States. – JZ, 11.5.13. -  POWER, WAR, PEACE, TERRITORIALISM

JUSTICE: We make our own justice. … let us not rail about justice as long as we have arms and the freedom to use them.” - Frank Herbert, Dune, Complete & unabridged edition, p.87. - SELF-HELP, COURTS, JURIES, ARBITRATION COURTS

JUSTICE: We must be just to another or die. - JZ, after reading: " ... we must love one another or die", in: Edmund Cooper: Tomorrow Came, p. 34. – How many people can we really love? – JZ, 7.1.09. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, Q.

JUSTICE: We need not fear, then, that a concern for justice will lead us away from freedom and the free market. Freedom and justice stand together, jointly opposed to collectivism.” - David Kelley, THE FREEMAN, 1/75. - FREEDOM VS. COLLECTIVISM

JUSTICE: We object to the nationalization of the business of justice by the State.” - Sam Konkin III, Strategy of the NLA, # 1, p.28. , JURISDICTION, COURTS, MONOPOLY, NATIONALIZATION, STATE, PANARCHISM

JUSTICE: We prefer blame to justice.” - The Cynic's Book of Wisdom, quoted in: S. Andrew Swann, Revolutionary, Hostile Takeover # 3, p.120. - Some, or all too many may do so. Should we? - JZ, 21.4.00. - PERSONAL RATHER THAN CAUSAL THINKING, SCAPEGOATS, CULPRITS, BLAMING OTHER PERSONS, CONSPIRACY THEORIES, DIS.

JUSTICE: What does the Department of Justice, as the department of a territorial State, have to do with justice? - JZ, 6.7.92, 16.1.09. - GOVERNMENT, JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION, BUREAUCRACY & JUSTICE, TERRITORIALISM, JURIDICAL MONOPOLY

JUSTICE: What he called 'the evil excesses of force' had become so 'ingrained in our ways and in our laws' that justice no longer seemed possible. Either men must be free, or society must be unjust.” – G. C. Roche, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.58.

JUSTICE: What is justice? To give ever man his due.” - Aristotle.

JUSTICE: What is mankind? What is justice? I say it is liberty and peace.” - Father Peter Levi, Christmas Sermon, from Death is a Pulpit. – Since liberty and peace do not yet exist as a general condition on Earth then, according to this statement, not only justice does not exist, so far, but even mankind does not yet exist. So, why worry, if we believe this “Father”? – Was “Death is a Pulpit” one of his books? Some books condemn themselves already by their title. He can have meant only the death of his own mind, resulting from too faith in flawed doctrines and too much preaching of them – and the death of the minds of those, who bothered to listen to him. – JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13. - LIBERTY & PEACE, PREACHERS, PRIESTS, DOCTRINAIRES, RELIGIONS, FAITH, BELIEF

JUSTICE: What kind of justice can we expect from territorial government constitutions, laws, regulations, courts, monopoly police forces and their lawyers and judges? - JZ, 21.9.93, 27.10.02.

JUSTICE: What sort of protection is this of the general right that is maintained by infringing the rights of particulars? What sort of justice is this, which is enforced by breaches of its own laws? These paradoxes I leave to be solved by the able heads of legislators and politicians. For my part, I say what a plain man would say on such occasion.” - Edmund Burke, quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, pp. 64/65. - Able heads of legislators and politicians? How many are there? - JZ, 16.11.02.

JUSTICE: What we call civil society consists of numerous, diverse, varying individuals, each a world to himself, and living contemporaneously. Each can reach his potential best only as justice prevails in personal relations, that is, in the absence of injustice. Understood in this manner, justice is indeed the end of civil society.” - Leonard E. Read, Who's Listening? p.94.

JUSTICE: What, indeed, is Justice other than an equal balance of forces? Justice is not merely a relationship, an abstract idea, a fictitious creation of the intelligence or an act of faith on the part of conscience. It is something real and all the more imperative because based on those freely moving forces that we know to be realities.” - Proudhon, What Is Property? p.144.

JUSTICE: What’s "just" has been debated for centuries but let me offer you my definition of social justice: I keep what I earn and you keep what you earn. Do you disagree? Well then tell me how much of what I earn "belongs" to you – and why?” – Walter Williams, All It Takes Is Guts, p.62.  - PROPERTY, SOCIAL JUSTICE, DIS., Q., DISTRIBUTIONISM & EGALITARIANISM, WAGES, EARNINGS

JUSTICE: When Proudhon wrote that "social order is established upon the basis of inexorable justice, and not at all upon the paradisiacal sentiments of fraternity, self-sacrifice, and love, to the exercise of which so many honorable socialists are endeavoring now to stimulate the people", he recognized, as Marx did, that it is the technological forces unleashed within the industrial order that basically determine the level of wages of the workers and the profits of the capitalists and not beautiful words preached at people by moralists.” - W. O. Reichert, in: Holterman, Law in Anarchism, p.145. – Typically, the economic rights, liberties and forces and their role in determining wages and profits are not yet recognized here. – JZ, 16.1.09. - SOCIAL ORDER, SOCIAL JUSTICE, FRATERNITY, SELF-SACRIFICE, LOVE


JUSTICE: When we have but the will to do it, that very moment will justice be done: that very instant the tyrants of the earth shall bite the dust.” - Peter Kropotkin, An Appeal to the Young, 1880. - A bit of wishful thinking is involved here. All the wishful thinking of all the libertarians, and all their present actions in favor of their ideals, do no automatically and immediately abolish all wrongful restrictions in this world. However, if they bothered to mobilize all their ideas and references, put and kept them in print (or on powerful, and affordable other media – JZ, 21.9.13), supplemented them as is advisable, made every positive idea, talent and resource known and available for their freedom struggle, then they could win fast. Compare how they ignored so far, e.g., their microfiche, floppy disk and CD-publishing and reading options, how they still haven't developed and spread a consistent and comprehensive libertarian revolution, liberation and defence program, how they still have neglected to work systematically towards a comprehensive enough declaration of basic rights and liberties - and towards many other tools and machines required if their struggle is to be successful soon. - JZ, 16.11.02. – See: NEW DRAFT to speed up the process of enlightenment, my digital 2010 manuscript, still not online, although not copyrighted. I offer it free as an email attachment (Only 306 KBs, zipped) upon request, until it appears online or on a disc – through someone. I might get around to do this myself but that might take me still further years, if I live that long. – JZ, 22.5.13.

JUSTICE: When will mankind learn - and compel their governments to conform to the knowledge - that justice is better policy than any scheme of robbery, that was ever devised?” - Lysander Spooner, quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.121. – Only individuals do and can learn something. Mankind, as a whole, is not an entity that can learn anything. – JZ, 17.1.09. – TAXATION, MANKIND, LEARNING, ENLIGHTENMENT, PUBLIC OPINION

JUSTICE: When you reflect on it, the only thing that allowed the human race to stop living as animals and to start living as human beings was by adopting a set of rules - a system of justice. Maintaining a system of justice in an orderly society is essential to whatever else people accomplish.” - Frank W. Wilson, U.S. District Judge, commenting on his sentencing of James R. Hoffa, head of the Teamsters' Union, 12 March, 1964, in Chattanooga, Tenn.

JUSTICE: Whenever a separation is made between liberty and justice, neither, in my opinion, is safe.” - Edmund Burke, in: George Seldes, The Great Quotations, p.536, quoted also by L. E. Read in The Love of Liberty, p.94. - LIBERTY

JUSTICE: Where justice reigns, 'tis freedom to obey.” - James Montgomery, Greenland IV. - Where does justice reign? - JZ, 16.11.02. - FREEDOM & OBEDIENCE, Q.

JUSTICE: Where there is justice there will be peace.” - Indian Chief, saying in a Western. (The Sioux Uprising of 1863?)

JUSTICE: Where there is no justice there is no freedom and where there is no freedom there is no justice. The concepts are identical.” – (Wo keine Gerechtigkeit ist, ist keine Freiheit, und wo keine Freiheit ist, ist keine Gerechtigkeit.) - Seume, Spaziergang nach Syrakus. - Also in: Mein Leben (My Life), II/33.FREEDOM

JUSTICE: Whether they live in isolation or in society, men are, above all, interested in preserving their existence and the fruits of their labor. If the sense of justice were universally prevalent on earth; if, consequently, each man confined himself to laboring and exchanging the fruits of his labor, without wishing to endanger the life [of others? – JZ] or take away, by violence or by fraud, the fruits of other men's labor; if everyone had, in one word, an instinctive horror of any act harmful to another person, it is certain that security would exist NATURALLY on earth, and that no artificial institution would be necessary to establish it. Unfortunately, this is not the way things are. The sense of justice seems to be the perquisite of only a few eminent and exceptional temperaments. Among the inferior races it exists in only a rudimentary state. Hence the innumerable criminal attempts, ever since the beginning of the world, since the days of Cain and Abel, against the lives and property of individuals. - Hence also the creation of establishments whose object is to guarantee to everyone the peaceful possession of his person and his goods.” - G. Molinari, The Production of Security, p.2. (Online at the Molinari Institute.)

JUSTICE: Whoever cannot achieve justice should at least attempt peaceful coexistence.” – (Wer die Gerechtigkeit nicht schafft, der probiere es mal mit der Vertraeglichkeit.) - Ernst R. Hauschka. - Contracts? Reconciliation? - I would rather recommend tolerance and independence instead, of the panarchistic type. Then it becomes relatively easy to ignore opponents. - JZ, 15.1.93, 27.10.02. - TOLERANCE, RECONCILIATION, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION & CONTRACT FOR ALL, IN ALL SPHERES, BUT ALWAYS WITHOUT A TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY: PANARCHISM OR: TO EACH THE GOVERNMENT OR NON-GOVERNMENTAL SOCIETY OF HIS OR HER CHOICE. WHO COULD RIGHTLY ASK FOR MORE OR COULD RIGHTLY ASK FOR LESS? – JZ, 11.5.13.

JUSTICE: Whoever spares the bad hurts the good.” – (Wer die Schlechten schont, verletzt die Guten.) - Syrus. - CRIME, PUNISHMENT, MERCY, LENITY

JUSTICE: Why should there not be patient confidence in the ultimate justice of the people? Is there any better or equal hope in the world?” - Abraham Lincoln, First Inaugural Address, 4.3.1861. - I would rather have justice realized gradually, step-by-step, within volunteer communities only, than wait until finally, in further decades or centuries, all or most of the people are sufficiently enlightened. Justice, peace, security, progress, prosperity and many other aspects of living are much too important to leave them to majority decisions. Allow individuals and minorities to advance as far and as fast as they want to and can. Set all real people free rather than the imagined “uniform” people of the territorial State model. – JZ, 3.4.99. - THE PEOPLE, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAWS, PANARCHISM, MAJORITARIANISM OR FULL PERSONAL LAW FOR MAJORITIES AS WELL AS MINORITIES? VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM, WITH ITS COERCION, MONOPOLISM, COLLECTIVISM

JUSTICE: Why will they never understand that fraternity can only be established by justice; that justice alone, the condition, means, and law of liberty and fraternity, must be the object of our study …” - Proudhon, System of Economic Contradictions, in: The Works of J. Proudhon, Tucker, Boston, 1888, p.281. - FRATERNITY & LIBERTY

JUSTICE: With justice all problems are soluble. Without it, none are.” - Harry Schultz. - There are not only problems between humans but, e.g., scientific problems. Can we conquer time and space and longevity merely with "justice"? - JZ, 16.11.02.

JUSTICE: Within the limits of equity, everything is to be accomplished through the free and perfectible initiative of man; nothing is to be achieved by law or by force save universal justice.” - Source? - And even that can be achieved only without government aid and monopolies. - JZ, 12.7.92. - LIMITED GOVERNMENT, EQUITY, INITIATIVE, LAW, FORCE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

JUSTICE: Without justice, courage is weak.” - Benjamin Franklin, in: Poor Richard, 1734. – A right is accompanied with the authority to enforce it, according to Kant. Territorial authorities have neither fully defined what genuine individual rights and liberties really are nor, if they had, would they be the best authorities to protect them. Ideal militias (alas, still not-existing) i.e. enlightened volunteers, suitably trained, armed and organized and committed only to upholding genuine individual rights and liberties, would, probably, be the best enforcement agencies. However, so far not even an ideal declaration of these rights seems to have been compiled or recognized and published as such. In this respect we are living still in a Dark Age. – So far most people are unarmed and without sufficient knowledge of, interest in and respect for genuine individual rights and liberties. The results are corresponding to this situation. – There are still all too many primitives, savages and barbarians. “Nuclear giants and ethical infants!” (Remark by General Omar Bradley, shortly after WWII.) - JZ, 16.1.09. – COURAGE, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, UPHELD BY AN IDEAL MILITIA

JUSTICE: Without sympathy justice becomes cruelty. Without justice sympathy becomes weakness.” - Metastasio. (Ohne Mitgefuehl wird Rechtsprechung zu Grausamkeit. Ohne Rechtsprechung wird Sympathie zu Schwaeche.) - SYMPATHY, CRUELTY, COMPASSION, MERCY

JUSTICE: Wrong must not win by technicalities.” - Aeschylus, The Eumenides, 458 B.C., tr. Richmond Lattimore. - Even that injustice has not yet been overcome, in almost 2500 years! So slow are the mills of justice run by governments. - JZ, 27.10.02. - TECHNICALITIES

JUSTICE: You can live without kindness; you can't live without justice.” - Edward Bond, Summer, a play. – However, if we immediately died whenever we experienced injustice, how many would still be alive? – He should have said: We cannot live freely, peacefully and securely and prosper as much as we could and should, by our own efforts, unless we live in justice or, in other words, are free to practise all our genuine individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 16.1.09, 11.5.13, 21.9.13. - KINDNESS

JUSTICE: You can't expect justice from people who tax you. - JZ 27.11.74. - And who lead you into wars. - JZ, 16.11.02. And who lie to you, almost continuously. – JZ, 21.9.13.

JUSTICE: You do not have to like a fellow in order to do him justice. - JZ 2.4.83.

JUSTICE: You don't owe your neighbor love or respect - but you do owe him justice. - JZ, 73.

JUSTICE: You have sacrificed justice to mercy.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.936. - Don't sacrifice justice to mercy. – JZ - MERCY

JUSTICE: You mean that justice is not known like a dog, who barks in the night? That it is more like the unexpected sound in the woods that must be identified cautiously after hard thinking?” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus I, p.154.

JUSTICE: You need not always be generous, but you must always be just.” – (Wolle nicht immer grossmuetig sein, aber gerecht sei immer.) - M. Claudius, an seinen Sohn Johannes. - CHARITY, MERCY & GENEROSITY

JUSTICES: Most "justices" should be realistically renamed "injustices". - JZ, 20.3.95. - They do selectively apply "the law", or, rather, some of millions of them, in preference to natural justice. - JZ, 27.10.02. – JUDGES

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: Is it surprising, then, that juvenile victims of this irrational despotism turn, rebelliously, to mischief and crime to relieve their boredom or perhaps to supplement the unearned incomes from their subsidized families? More freedom for the young to be useful, and more freedom for parents, employers and teachers to apply non-retaliatory sanctions, as well as to provide more productive outlets for youthful energies would be a more effective way to raise the moral level of juvenile conduct.” - V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 8/75, p.482. - How high is the moral level of teachers, parents, politicians, bureaucrats, writers, public speakers etc. and other citizens? - JZ, 27.10.02. & COMPULSORY SCHOOLING

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: Juvenile misbehavior is largely the result of wasting the time of those who ought to be at work.” - Prof. C. Northcote Parkinson, The Law and the Profits. - COMPULSORY EDUCATION, SCHOOLS

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: The young always have the same problem - how to rebel and conform at the same time. They have now solved this by defying their parents and copying one another.” - Quentin Crisp. - YOUNG, REBELS & NONCONFORMISTS, CRIME



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