John Zube


Quotes, Notes, Comments & Slogans
for Individual Liberty & Rights
against Popular Statist Errors & Prejudices

Index - P7

(2013 - 2014)



PRINCIPLES: Always stand on principle, even if you stand alone. – John Quoncy Adams, quoted by Nizam Ahmad sharing LearnLiberty's photo. – Facebook, 16.8.13. – So far, most people seem to prefer to ignore them or even to trample upon them. Compare e.g. their preference for immigration restrictions, their tolerance for intolerable nuclear war preparations and for monetary despotism. – JZ, 17.1.14.

PRINCIPLES: An army of principles will penetrate where an army of soldiers cannot. It will succeed where diplomatic management would fail; neither the Rhine, the Channel, nor the ocean can arrest its progress; it will march on the horizon of the world, and it will conquer.’ – Thomas Paine, quoted in Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.217. – At least now we should ask: When? My answer would be: When we have properly mobilized, clarified, proven and published all of them, in a proper market for ideas, ideals and principles, still to be established, - JZ, 13.2.08. – Primarily with an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 8.4.08. - IDEAS, IDEALS, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES IDEAS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS

PRINCIPLES: Anyone who says, “Don’t take principles too seriously”, is really saying: “Don’t worry about making intelligent choices.” And what does this mean, if not, “Don’t worry about your own life and happiness?” – Sy Leon, None of the Above, p.94/95. – INTEREST IN INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES SO FAR SUPPRESSED OR IGNORED

PRINCIPLES: basic, agreed-upon principles are needed and … such principles may not be overridden by temporary majorities. This position is a form of contractarianism or government-by-agreement, since it specifically denies the right of the majority to maximize its happiness at the expense of the minority.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.158. - MAJORITIES, CONTRACTARIANISM OR GOVERNMENT-BY-AGREEMENT, PANARCHIES, POLYARCHIES VS. UTILITARIANISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, ASSOCIATIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETITION, LAISSEZ FAIRE, SECESSIONISM & FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION IN EVERY SPHERE

PRINCIPLES: being somewhat skeptical of following any principle too far, …” - F. A. Hayek, A Conversation: Science and Socialism, p.20. – Even sound principles require knowledge and judgment on whether, or how, in a particular case, they are to be applied. – JZ, 20.3.09.

PRINCIPLES: Can we possibly suppose that if government had originated in a right principle, and had not an interest in pursuing a wrong one, that the world could have been in the wretched and quarrelsome condition we have seen it? – Thomas Paine, quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.80. – Governments have certainly not stuck to the principles of voluntarism and personal law only. Instead, almost all of them tried to establish territorial empires. – JZ, 20.3.09. – However small or large these attempts were and are. Imperialist notion prevail even among the leader of corporations. However, there they are limited by the voluntarism involved. - How influential would Microsoft be without the patent- and copyrights privileges granted by governments? - JZ, 13.2.11. - Q., TERRITORIALISM, IMPERIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, EXTERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES

PRINCIPLES: Complexity of relationships in no way alters the propriety of moral, spiritual, social, or economic principles. The principles stand, though we may fall. A law is a law. Newton’s First Law of Motion applies whether a wheel is at rest or spinning at 40,000 rpm. The dictum that thievery is evil holds as true for the theft of a dime as for the theft of a thousand dollars. The moral principle that I owe respect to your life, livelihood, liberty applies no less to all others than to you alone. – Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.69. – Does that apply to tyrants, too, who by their very nature and actions do not apply this principle to their subjects and victims? – JZ, 20.3.09. - COMPLEXITY, Q., TYRANNICIDE, OUTLAWRY

PRINCIPLES: For it is often easier to fight for principles than to live up to them.” – Adlai E. Stevenson, Speech, in New York City, 27.8.52, during the presidential campaign. – If not easier then it is often more popular to fight … Also, it seems easier to fight for flawed principles than to think them through and to finally formulate and apply them correctly. – JZ, 6.7.82, 20.3.09, 13.2.11, 17.1.14. – THINK, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, STILL INSUFFICIENTLY DECLARED, CONSISTENCY, COLLECTIVISTS, ANARCHISTS, HUMAN RIGHTS

PRINCIPLES: Go and try to pour a ton of steel without rigid principles, on the expediency of the moment.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.343.

PRINCIPLES: He promised himself never again to pay any attention to the odds, but only to the issues.” – Robert Heinlein, Between Planets, p.40. – It is not always advisable to engage in futile or even suicidal actions, even in the best cause. – JZ, 20.3.09. - CHANCE, ODDS, MATTERS OF PRINCIPLE, POLITICALLY IMPOSSIBLE? 

PRINCIPLES: I am the ink of the pen that is mightier than the sword. // I am the genius of those who write. // I am what the creators have yet to create. // I change yet am always the same. // You see me move yet I am not moving. // A glimpse of me makes men genius. … I am Principle.” – Zarlenga, The Orator, p.58. – A CASE OF OVER-ESTIMATION OF THE SELF OR CONCEIT

PRINCIPLES: I had discovered a principle or two.' - 'Such as?' - Pablo said. – ‘That a man ought to have a house. With a garden around it. And a fence around that garden. And a gate to that fence.' – ‘These are principles?’ - Pablo said. – ‘Yes, amigo. Because on that gate should be a sign saying ‘NO. Trespassing’. And at that man's side a gun to blow the balls off any son of a bitch whomsoever who tries to collectivize that garden, or make that man go to church or interfere with his simple pleasures such as getting drunk on Saturday night and screwing the woman he has inside that house. Took me a long time to get to those principles. If you want to befoul them with big words, you might say that the state is made for man, not vice versa. That man comes first. That is, cooperation on weighty matters must always be respectfully asked, not required. Or, as old Abe put it: Of, for, and by, Catch?' - Yes,' Pablo said; 'I catch that you're a reactionary, comrade.' – ‘Yes,' Peter said. 'A reactionary who is going to help you win this football game. But who is going to kick the shit out of you, the first time you start screwing up the things I got into this mild disagreement over -' - 'Which are?' Martin said. - 'I told you. That little house. That little woman in that house. That little vine and fig tree. And that gate that you, the Prime Minister of the Soviet Socialist Republics, the President of the United States, or Fidel Castro, can't come into unless I invite you. Which I would, of course. Give you a drink. Talk about baseball, bull fighting, fly fishing. Let the little woman trot out a home-baked cake. Make you very welcome, friend. As long as you are – ‘ - 'As long as I am what?' Pablo said. - 'A friend. Which adds up to enjoying my company and leaving me the hell alone.' – ‘Those,' Martin said, 'are very rare principles, comrade!' - 'Aren't they?' Peter said. ‘Men have been dying for ten thousand years, trying to make them stick.' – Frank Yerby, “The Old Gods Laugh”, p.248/49. – Naturally, by now we should have bothered to make our declaration of individual right and liberties a bit more comprehensive and also quite clear. – JZ, 24.9.08. – VOLUNTARISM, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PRINCIPLES: I have my principles. And if you don't like them, I have others.” – Another version: “Those are my principles. If you don’t like them, I have others.” - Groucho Marx - By all means, all people should be free to choose among the various principles offered by various individuals, groups, parties and movements and free to apply them, as far as they can and want to, among themselves, always at the own risk and expense. - Principles, especially first principles, are so important that I for one do regret that no one seems to have collected and discussed all of them, together with all their pro and con. If such a book does exist, please do inform me about it. - JZ, 25.11.06. - To each his own – and a life in accordance with them, - but always at the own risk and expense: PANARCHISM. – JZ, 7.8.08. – JOKES

PRINCIPLES: I rather lose in a cause that will one day win than win in a cause that will one day lose.” – Herbert Hoover, as quoted by Bob Howard, 1.3.75. - TRUTH, VOTING, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, VICTORY

PRINCIPLES: I was trying to argue rather what in more homely terms is expressed by saying ‘if you don’t mend your principles, you will go to the devil.” – F. A. Hayek, Economic freedom and Representative Government, I. p.7, probably referring to his book: The Road to Serfdom. - TERRITORIALISM, NWT

PRINCIPLES: If a man never acts upon what he believes in - what then is his life worth? In some cases of principle one has to forego all security considerations. - JZ, 70. - However, even for the best of principles one should not engage in actions that are merely suicidal. - JZ, 13.2.11. – Risking one’s life is one thing. Throwing it away is another. – JZ, 17.1.14.

PRINCIPLES: Ifs and buts could erode the soundest of principles.” – Robert Sheckley, Hands Off, GALAXY, 4/54. – FALSE QUALIFICATIONS

PRINCIPLES: In formulating our principles we are more strict than in their application. – Theodor Fontane – (“In der Aufstellung unserer Grundsaetze sind wir strenger als in ihrer Betaetigung.”) – But still not strict enough so that flawed “principles” still abound as popular prejudices. – JZ, 5.7.92, 23.2.08. - We were certainly not yet strict enough in formulating an ideal declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties, in formulating consistent voluntarism in all spheres, ideal protection, defence, liberation and revolution programs, monetary and financial freedom platforms although among more than 6 billion people there should be enough to be able and willing to do so. - JZ, 13.2.11.

PRINCIPLES: In matters of principle, avoid compromise; for a principle is surrendered if not strictly observed.” – Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.IX. - COMPROMISE

PRINCIPLES: In matters of principle, stand like a rock; in matters of taste, swim with the current.” - Thomas Jefferson, 1743-1826. - One can be and should be tolerant, as a matter of principle, not only to people trying to uphold other tastes but also other principles - among themselves, not only theoretically but in their own free experiments and communities. - JZ, 26.11.02. - In matters of principle, stand like a rock; in matters of tactics, swim with the current. – Viv Forbes, paraphrasing Jefferson, in “Common Sense”, Aug. 81. - TASTE, TOLERANCE, COMPROMISES, TACTICS

PRINCIPLES: It is easier to fight for one's principles than to live up to them.” - Alfred Adler, 1870-1937, quoted in A. Andrews Quotations, p.399. - Most people find it already too difficult or uninteresting to try to merely define and explain their principles properly. Thus, although not fully understanding them themselves, they still want to force them and their practice upon others, as long as they remain territorialists, at least with their votes, if not aided by the full power of a territorial government. - JZ, 26.11.06. – Alas, most of the slogans that brawls or wars are fought about are hardly deserving of being designated “principles”. – Principled and quite just war aims are usually quite absent in most wars between territorial States and in the civil wars and revolutions territorialism causes. – Drunken brawlers hardly fight for genuine principles. - JZ, 3.1.08. - Under full experimental freedom at least some of the reformers and revolutionaries would live up to their ideals, thus setting attractive examples for the rest. – JZ, 8.8.08. - LIVING UP TO THEM, MOST FREEDOM FIGHTERS, REVOLUTIONARIES & LIBERATORS STILL ACT ALL TOO INCONSISTENTLY, PANARCHISM, REFORMERS, RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS

PRINCIPLES: Left libertarians have often accused individualist libertarians of being interested only in property, not in people, of being unconcerned with real human problems. No wonder they think so with writers like Block in (*) the movement. But Walter Block does not represent all libertarians! Many of us believe that humane concerns and uncompromising principles are not mutually exclusive and cannot be artificially separated.” - Sharon Presley. – (*) at? - JZ

PRINCIPLES: Let’s Look To Our Principles – If it’s right in principle, it has to work.” – Leonard E. Read, Comes the Dawn, Summary of chapter XIX. – Has to or will work? – JZ

PRINCIPLES: Memory: To remember the correct date is a gift; to remember the correct principle is a virtue.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. – Remembering correct principles is not enough. They have to be consistently applied as well. - JZ, 26.7.92.

PRINCIPLES: Men of principle are always bold, but those who are bold are not always men of principle.” – Confucius, Analects, XIV, c. 500 B.C. – BOLDNESS, AUDACITY, COURAGE

PRINCIPLES: Napoleon once said with a sneer: “You are still the man of 1789.” Mounier replied: “Yes, sir. Principles are not subject to the law of change.” – Quoted in: Lord Action, Lectures on the French Revolution, ed. by Figgis & Laurence, MacMillan, 1932, p.61 – I have read that M., too, produced a declaration of human rights, which I have not yet seen. – JZ, 11.3.09. Can anyone supply me with it and perhaps even with an English or German translation? JZ, 17.1.14. - & CHANGE,

PRINCIPLES: No free government, or the blessings of liberty, can be preserved to any people but by a firm adherence to justice, moderation, temperance, frugality, and virtue, and by a frequent recurrence to fundamental principles.” – Patrick Henry. Also in the Virginia Bill of Rights, drafted by George Mason and adopted on June 12, 1776, article 15, quoted in Ben Moreell, Log II, p.194.

PRINCIPLES: No single principle can answer all of life’s complexities.” – Felix Frankfurter. – I would rather say: No single definition of a principle can. – JZ, 2.3.87. One of the reasons for this is that our language was largely developed not by thinkers and philosophers but by hunters, food gatherers, looters and warriors. – JZ, 29.3.08.

PRINCIPLES: One can so drown in details that the important principles involved are overlooked or not comprehended and, anyhow, not applied. – JZ, 19.7.93. – Parliaments provide proof for this almost every day, with every law they pass. – JZ, 18.2.08. – DETAILS, FACTS, CONCRETE-BOUND “THINKING” OR MINDS, LAWS, HUMAN RIGHTS, PARLIAMENTARISM, REPRESENTATION

PRINCIPLES: One may be better than his reputation, but never better than his principles.” - Nicolas Latena. - & REPUTATION, CHARACTER

PRINCIPLES: Opportunities for principled and honest statements and acts are so few and far in-between that they should never be postponed in favour of supposedly better future opportunities. No political or polite compromises. No better time than now! – JZ, 21.11.82. – All too often easier said than done, under territorialism. But we have not even bothered as yet to describe all the free action opportunities that still remain open to us, quite legally. – E.g. the purchase of enterprises by their employees, usually on terms, using industrial bonds issued and guaranteed by themselves. Sometimes even only by using part of the bank deposits of the employees. – And consider how much we could promote e.g. enlightenment by publishing all freedom information on a single disk and health and longevity by publishing also all such information cheaply on a disk or HD. - JZ, 11.3.08, 17.1.14.

PRINCIPLES: Ours, as has been truly said, is ‘a time of loud disputes and weak convictions’.” – John Morley, On Compromise, p.129. - RED., CONVICTIONS, KNOWLEDGE, PREJUDICES,

PRINCIPLES: Principle never forgives and its logic is to kill. – Jacques Barzun, The House of Intellect, 1959, p. 6. – All too often principles are just faulty definitions and dogmas rather than reliable guides to rightful actions. JZ, 20.11.85, 29.3.08. – Sound principles are life-savers rather than killers, in most cases. – JZ, 20.3.09. – Even when it comes to tyrannicide, in which, ideally, only the main culprit is executed but, potentially, millions of lives are saved thereby. – JZ, 17.1.14.

PRINCIPLES: Principles are fine – if we don not shove them upon others – by laws or at gun point. – JZ, 3.5.92. – TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, CHOICE, PERSONAL LAW, DOING THE OWN THINGS

PRINCIPLES: Principles are not legislated or invented – they are discovered.” – The Incredible Bread Machine, p.127. – Human beings and their societies, as parts of nature, also operate under natural laws and tend to fail when these laws are ignored or offended against. – JZ, 20.3.9.

PRINCIPLES: Principles are practical.” - Sy Leon, None of the Above, p.92, quoted in NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY of 12.12.76. – I’d rather say: Some principles are practical. – JZ, n.d. – Some “principles” are even quite immoral and impractical when some or everyone tries to apply them to everyone else. – JZ, 11.3.08. - Alas, the wrongful and irrational “principles” are, so far, more widely known and practised than the quite moral and rational ones. Under free choice for political, economic and social systems that trend would tend to become reversed. Gresham’s law would be realized here, too. The wrongs and irrationalities that could no longer be enforced would tend to shrink or perish, because less and less people would willingly accept them. – JZ, 23.2.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDIUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, GRESHAM’S LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

PRINCIPLES: Principles of political philosophy represent the criteria by which a political and social system can be evaluated. An understanding of the principles of freedom – individualism, private property, and capitalism – could have avoided the tyrannies of the past. An understanding of these principles can avoid tyranny in the future. – The Incredible Bread Machine, p.129. – And it could greatly help to end all present tyrannical, despotic, totalitarian and authoritarian territorial systems. – JZ, 17.1.14.

PRINCIPLES: principles remain exactly as they were before the collision. And this is so whether the conflict takes on the form of a violent revolution or of a ballot box battle.” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.107. – Alas, we have still to adopt the principle to let everyone live in accordance with his own principles, beliefs, opinions, convictions or preferences and thus military and political conflicts, all essentially based upon territorialism, still continue to plague us or threaten us, e.g. with mass extermination devices. – JZ, 11.3.08. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE

PRINCIPLES: Professional foul was a term used by Tom Stoppard in a radio play on ethics, 1.11.87. Even principles should not be over-extended, thus coming into conflict e.g. with other principles, possibly superior ones, more closely related to human survival. There are emergency situations or catastrophes, with all too limited choices, in which, sometimes, they will have to be broken. - Even small children have already notions of “fairness”, although not always correct ones. The religious urge also tends to attempt to provide ethical rules. But highly educated or well read people have often been talked or read themselves out of ethical considerations, since the relevant errors, false premises, wrong conclusions and prejudices and sophisticated objections, that they encountered, are rather too numerous for most to work themselves through them, quite patiently, systematically rationally and with their moral judgment intact. A moral sense does exist in us, I believe. It is closely related to our survival chances but certainly not yet refined enough by our religions, parental upbringing, formal education, mass media, and governmental declarations of rights and liberties. An ideal code of individual rights and liberties has still to be compiled, thoroughly discussed and spread. I tried to promote this development with my anthology of over 130 private human rights drafts in PEACE PLANS No.589/590, later digitized offered online as part of a disc at - Alas, interest in this approach was so far grossly lacking. Only in a SF story did it once find described how a very much improved declaration of this kind could be systematically provided but numerous collaborators making full use of all the prior attempts, point by point. There are probably dozens to hundreds of books on ethics in general terms, or on only one aspect of it, for every one that at least attempts to provide a comprehensive catalogue of human rights. The largest collection of books on ethics that I ever saw was in the library of Prof John Hospers. By now it should be obvious that we cannot trust any government or international federation of governments, like the UN, to supply an almost flawless declaration of this kind. One should imagine that such an important task would attract many volunteers to help complete it. Alas … Not even a full collection of what are widely regarded as first principles, by at least some people, has been made so far, to my knowledge. - JZ, 22.2.08. - FIRST PRINCIPLES, COMPREHENSIVE DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, FAIRNESS, ETHICS, MORAL SENSE, CHILDREN, HUMAN RIGHTS, INTELLECTUALS, EMERGENCY SITUATIONS, EXCEPTIONS, IDEAS, REFORMS, INNOVATIONS

PRINCIPLES: Rules are meant for those expected to obey; principles for those expected to think.” – Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 3/72. – Territorial laws are meant for those expected to obey them. Individual rights and liberties are meant for those expected to be able to understand and willing to apply them, consistently and responsibly. – JZ, 29.3.08. – TERRITORIALISM VS. MORALITY, ETHICS, RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, RULES, LAWS, LEGISLATION, REGULATIONS

PRINCIPLES: Show me a principle to be right in the abstract, and I will find a way to reduce it to practice.” – W. Leggett. – A correct principle is always practicable or already applied, while every praxis is certainly not principled. – JZ, 29.3.08. –

PRINCIPLES: Simple, clear purpose and principles give rise to complex, intelligent behavior. Complex rules and regulations give rise to simple, stupid behavior.” – Dee Hock, Founder and CEO Emeritus of Visa Corp. -VS. RULES, SIMPLICITY VS. COMPLEXITY, CLEAR AIMS VS. VAGUE ONES, INTELLIGENCE VS. STUPIDITY, REGULATIONS, LAWS, SOUND ONES, ESPECIALLY INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES VS. RULES, REGULATIONS & LEGISLATION

PRINCIPLES: Sooner or later, those who are interested in the philosophy of liberty run across Albert J. Nock’s essay, “Isaiah’s Job”. Taking as an example two Old Testament prophets, Isaiah and Elijah, Nock makes at least two important points. First, until society seems to be disintegrating around our ears, not many people are going to listen to a critic who comes in the name of principled action. The masses want to get all the benefits of principled action, but they also want to continue to follow their unprincipled ways. They want the fruits but not the roots of morality. Therefore, they refuse to listen to prophets. Second, Nock pointed out, the prophet Elijah was convinced that he was the last of the faithful, or what Nock calls the Remnant. No so, God told the prophet. He had kept seven thousand others from the rot of the day. – Dr. Gary North, in THE FREEMAN, 3/78, p. 144. – By coincidence, the number of subscribers to the emailed newsletter of The Advocates, has for years hovered around the 70 000 mark, just tenfold that number. By how much has the world’s population increased in the meantime? – Unless they widen their program and activities and fully mobilize the talents and interests of these 70 000, they are likely to go on stagnating around this numbers, even while millions e.g. answered their short freedom questionnaire. – and some of their other activities are somewhat effective, too. – One should not only advocate liberty to a limited extent and reduce one’s subscribers merely to being subscribers and donors to one’s own already established activities. There are thousands of other libertarian projects that need supporters – but they are not yet mobilized, e.g. by the publication, online, of a common projects list of even a libertarian ideas archive. – Such a list could help to more fully involve the own subscribers – and also to increase their number. Many freedom loving people want to make a significant, not just the small and standard contribution, by their own thoughts and actions, but often do not know where and in what project they could best apply their knowledge and talents. Usually they are not aware that there are probably tens of thousands of projects that would welcome their intellectual and work input – but they do not hear of most of them. In PEACE PLANS 20 I did listed ca. 1000 libertarian projects, seeking support for all of them, self-managed by their supporters. – It is so far only available from me as an email attachment, until it appears online or on a disk. - JZ, 29.3.08, 20.3.09.

PRINCIPLES: Spontaneous action on principles is the genius, the courage, the glory of man.” – Zarlenga. – MAN

PRINCIPLES: The capacity of most people to formulate, understand and apply true principles seems to be severely limited or underdeveloped. – JZ, 20.3.95. – So seems to be their interest for them, even when it comes to genuine individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 29.3.08.

PRINCIPLES: The deterioration of a government begins almost always by the decay of its principles. (“La corruption de chaque gouvernement commence presque toujours par celle des principes.”) – Montesquieu, De L’Esprit des Lois, bk. viii, ch. I. - Were any of the territorial governments ever based upon genuine principles? - JZ, 11.3.08. - Q.

PRINCIPLES: The educated man is mature. His maturity is based on articulation; and understanding of general principles, not gadgets; and on truth, not boosterism. The educated man seeks more truth – more education all his life. His love of humanity is not sentimental but honest, and he expresses it by the way he acts. He can be trusted. And he serves himself by serving liberty, which is his fundamental principle.” – Philip Wylie, READER’S DIGEST, 10/47. - LIBERTY

PRINCIPLES: The fate of America cannot depend on any one man. The greatness of America is grounded in principles and not on any single personality.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt, speech, N.Y., 5.11.32. – Did he have any sound principles? Did he not make the U.S.A. all too dependent upon his New Deal “leadership”? Was there no personality cult regarding him? Did his measures end or prolong the depression? – JZ, 29.3.08. – Q., LEADERSHIP, NEW DEAL, FDR

PRINCIPLES: The principle is more than half of the whole question.” – Aristotle, The Nicomachean Ethics, I, c. 340. B.C. – PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS, QUESTIONS

PRINCIPLES: The value of a principle is the number of things it will explain.” – R. W. Emerson, The Preacher, 1867.

PRINCIPLES: The Whigs … thought it unscientific to destroy a real political force, Monarchy, Aristocracy, Prelacy (*), were things that could be made innocuous, that could be adjusted, limited and preserved. (**) The very essence of the new Party was compromise. They saw that it is an error to ride a principle to death, to push things to an extreme, to have an eye for one thing only, to prefer abstraction to realities, to disregard practical conditions. They were a little disappointing, a little too fond of the half-way house.” – Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History, p.207. - Their main mistake was territorialism. On that foundation they were forced to favour compromises. But no one forced them to take territorialism for granted. - (*) In that they were right. But they should have tried to compete with it, exterritorially. That might even have been the fastest way to abolish these forces or reduce them to insignificance. - Panarchism would permit all people to try to live up to their own principles, themselves, and without forcing them upon dissenters. Thereby it would arouse only a minimum of opposition. – (**) In that they were wrong. They should not even have attempted that but, rather, let them gradually die out, due to their own defects, by being confined to their volunteers only, under personal laws. But, the liberal compromisers too, remained dogmatic territorialists and, to that extent, authoritarians, even totalitarians. - JZ, 20.2.08, 17.1.14. - COMPROMISES, LIBERALS, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, AUTHORITARIANS, TOTALITARIANS

PRINCIPLES: there are certain principles which, when they have been demonstrated, only the willfully irrational can deny, that there are certain obligations binding on all men who are committed to a free society, and that only the willfully subversive can reject them.” - Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy, A Mentor Book, 1955, p.89. - INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PRINCIPLES: They are already widely taken for granted in all spheres that are not, like political, economic and social systems, territorially pre-empted by States and their governments. – JZ, in Pan AZ. – PRINCIPLES & PRACTICES OF PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, DOING THE OWN THINGS, LIVING THE OWN LIFE, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONISM & CONTRACTARIANISM IN ALL SPHERES NOT YET MONOPOLIZED BY TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS

PRINCIPLES: They knew that legalities do not determine moralities. They fought for eternal principles, not political expediencies.” – Ben Moreell, Log I, p.4. – EXPEDIENCY, UTILITARIANISM, MORALITY, LAWS, WAR AIMS, PEACE AIMS


PRINCIPLES: those who come closest to understanding and discovering the right principles of human conduct by whatever means, including if you wish, revelation) will also come closest to understanding that which will work.” – B. R. Rogge, THE FREEMAN, 3/75, p.166. – But how many are prepared to work towards an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 11.3.08. – PRACTICABILITY,  WORKABILITY, REALIZATION

PRINCIPLES: Times change and men often change with them, but principles never!” – Alexander H. Stephens. - Provided only that they were correctly formulated and sound principles in the first place. Alas, these are still all too rare. E.g., all too few people seem even interested in working towards an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties. I tried to initiate such a collaboration with the collection and publication of an anthology of over 130 private human rights drafts. The response, so far, was close to zero, even from anarchists and libertarians, not only from statists. – JZ, 14.2.08. –

PRINCIPLES: Usually too much thought is spent on mere technical details and too little on the underlying principles. As a result the latter are often unsound and that is why most attempts go wrong. Basically we still seem to be merely tinkering and experimenting apes, fooling around. – JZ, 77/78. – TECHNICAL DETAILS, UNCHECKED PREMISES, DOGMAS

PRINCIPLES: We are the beneficiaries of countless economic, political, moral, ethical, and spiritual principles we have not ourselves deduced; We owe our lives to this inheritance and, as specialists, we are interdependent.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.30.

PRINCIPLES: We find bold statements, rash statements; but no principles. Now principles, like the net of lines in television, are the subtle aids without which the mind cannot see. Can it then be that this very haziness of your principles is the cause of your puzzling incapacity to see what is going on?” - Salvador de Madariaga, The Blowing up of the Parthenon, p.10. – I am still waiting, impatiently, for enough people to take an interest in finally compiling, between them, an almost complete and perfect declaration of individual rights and liberties. Most act as if this were no concern of them at all. – JZ, 24.2.08.

PRINCIPLES: We have no principles any longer, not even commercial ones.” – G. B. Shaw. – My re-translation attempt from German into English. (“Wir haben keine Grundsaetze mehr, nicht einmal kommerzielle.”) – Speak for yourself – and for the many people without principles. You do not know and appreciate my principles. – JZ, 27.6.93.

PRINCIPLES: We may be personally defeated, but our principles never.” - William Lloyd Garrison. - IDEAS, DEFEAT, VICTORIES

PRINCIPLES: We must make countless decisions in our lives, yet we are not able to consider every possibility open to us. How, then, do we make decisions? With the aid of principles. Principles are our means of discriminating and selecting among the thousands of options available to us. Principles clarify our goals and enable us to be in control of our lives. Principles are an indispensable tool for making intelligent, knowledgeable decisions, and anyone who attacks principles is actually attacking our ability to choose.” – Sy Leon, None of the Above, p.94. – HUMAN RIGHTS, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PRINCIPLES: We must never violate principles. We must never initiate violence. And we should never harm the innocent. But at some point, unless governments back off, we have to stop being nice.” - Claire Wolfe, Media Bypass, May 1998. – So far, to my knowledge, the US libertarians have not yet utilized all their modern electronic enlightenment options, e.g. electronic “argument mapping”, published all their writings and compiled and published all their urgently needed special reference works electronically. They have not yet, sufficiently, pondered a libertarian revolution and defence program, a militia program, a monetary freedom revolution, a-well organized tax-strike and voluntary taxation platform and a secessionist liberation and tolerance program, one even for their ideological opponents. Some even think nuclear “weapons” to be justified! They are still the victims of their own territorialist thinking and thus maximize the number of their active opponents. – Please correct me if I am wrong on any of these points. One individual can only read so much. – JZ, 4.1.08. - FORCE & VIOLENT RESISTANCE, ENLIGHTENMENT, NEW DRAFT, PROGRAMS, LIBERTARIAN REFERENCE WORKS, ABSENCE OF A DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PRINCIPLES: When a fellow says it ain’t the money but the principle of the thing, it’s the money.” – P. Frank McKinney Hubbard, quoted in Robert W. Poole Jr., Cut Local Taxes, p.3. - MONEY, MATERIALISM, SELF-INTEREST

PRINCIPLES: When right principles prevail in the empire, there will be no controversies among the common people.” – The Wisdom of Confucius, Analects, bk. xvi, c.ii, v.3. – RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PRINCIPLES: When standing up for genuine principles while surrounded by unprincipled people, you would not stand for long if your principles do not please them. – JZ, 2.7.97, 28.3.08, 13.2.11.

PRINCIPLES: When you say that you agree to a thing in principle you mean that you have not the slightest intention of carrying it out in practice.” – Otto von Bismarck, 1815-1898, quoted in A. Andrews Quotations, p.18. - ACTION, AGREEMENT

PRINCIPLES: Where rightful principles are not longer applied, tyranny begins.” – JZ, 3.7.82, after reading: “Where law ends, tyranny begins.” – William Pitt, speech, 9.1.1770. – Tyranny begins with territorial legislation. - JZ, 13.2.11. - LAW, TYRANNY, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

PRINCIPLES: Witham’s Law of Connecting: You can depend on the generosity of your readers to search for clear meaning underneath your writing. Language isn’t perfect. But a fuzzy idea won’t do where a clear principle is needed. A moral system must either tell me what to do or leave it up to me, not pretend that it’s my fault if I don’t understand it.” – Steve Witham, THE CONNECTION 109, 22.1.83, p.113.

PRINCIPLES: Without principles a man is like a ship without rudder and compass, which is driven by any wind hither and thither.” – Samuel Smiles, retranslated from the German version: “Ohne Grundsaetze ist der Mensch wie ein Schiff ohne Steuer und Kompass, das von jedem Winde hin und her getrieben wird.” – But principles have to have some give or take – otherwise they make you so rigid that they can break you. – Even the greatest principles have to be applied judiciously and with sufficient discrimination - to keep on making sense in certain situations or they have to be replaced, in particular cases, by other principles, more suitable to them. – They should not automatically determine your free and moral actions as if they were divine commandments or the products of quite pure and complete reason. – JZ, 5.7.92, 23.2.08.

PRINCIPLES: Your principles mean more to you than any money or success.” – Source? – At least they should. – JZ, 16.2.08.

PRINTING MORE MONEY: The government should print more money.” - Widespread view. - How much should it print? How does it know when it has produced enough, not enough, or already too much, under the legal tender and monopoly regime, i.e., when it has abolished the natural and free pricing for exchange media, value standards and contracts and their currency issue and acceptance limitations? Can the government "create" any money at all or can it, at best, only mobilise or anticipate its enforced tax credits and abuse its coercive monopoly position? Indeed, the advanced economy needs much sound currency or enough sound clearing avenues. But, does the central banking system provide either properly and sufficiently? Can it do so? If it could create money out of nothing, in spite of not being a productive but rather a counterproductive enterprise, then why don't all of us simply live on its hand-outs of paper money, lustily printed by it and "fairly" distributed to us, regardless of our work output, even when not working at all? If it could produce values out of nothing, why should we have to bother to work at all? Some Social Credit people seem to think that work and production would be unnecessary. As if we could all live on the "Social Dividend"! - But I look at it this way: Why should anyone, even a government, be authorised to issue cheques or notes upon our own labour, services and goods, without our individual consent? Why should we not rather use our own labour, services and goods, to issue our own currencies, refuse that of the government and buy with our currencies only those government or public services that we really want and that are supplied to us at competitive prices by competing agencies, selected by ourselves, individually, in realisation of our consumer sovereignty? Why should we tolerate tribute gatherers to live off our property and earnings? Why should we allow them to dilute these through inflation? Why should we be forced to accept and use their exchange media and “value standards” as the only ones? – JZ, in monetary freedom notes, which are online, hopefully without the many typos that I detected during this slogans compilation effort, at - A long but still very incomplete file. – JZ, 13.2.08. Later a more complete free banking A to Z file by me was put online, together with my beginnings of a free banking bibliography, at - Alas, no one has so far come forward with corrections and supplementary action. The free market advocates are not yet sufficiently organized to tackle many of their libertarian jobs in sufficient division of labour between them, although for individuals they are all too often all too large. – JZ, 17.1.14. - GREENBACK PARTIES, SOCIAL CREDIT ADVOCATES, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, Q., COLLABORATION BETWEEN LIBERTARIANS, IN SUFFICIENT DIVISION OF LABOR TO TACKLE EVEN THE LARGEST LIBERTARIAN JOBS EFFECTIVELY. NEW DRAFT. “SOCIAL CREDIT” HAS NO CREDIT WITH ME.

PRINTING PRESSES: To stop inflation one has only to stop the note printing presses. - Popular opinion. - The government printing presses could be allowed to go on running - if only a) they were no longer allowed to produce a legal tender and thus an inflatable currency (with compulsory acceptance and forced value) and b) if the government's paper money would no longer enjoy a monopoly for money issues but, instead, free enterprises would be free to compete with it, i.e. allowed to drive out the bad government money with their better to excellent alternative, optional and market- rated currencies, using good alternative value standards, too. - It is legal tender and the issue monopoly, and the usual spending habits of territorial governments that keep the government printing presses running. - JZ, n. d. & 3.4.97, 9.4.08. - STOPPING GOVERNMENT PRINTING PRESSES FOR THEIR EXCLUSIVE AND FORCE CURRENCY, CENTRAL BANKING, MONETARY DESPOTISM, MONETARY FREEDOM

PRINTING: Printers used to be engaged in the art of making texts more legible. By now and all too often, they are engaged in making them hard to read or even almost illegible in their very efforts to "improve" pages, by fancy lettering, colouring, backgrounds, illustrations and decorations on the same sheet on which their text is reproduced, often overlaying the text. Website, expensively designed, are also messing up text messages, making them harder to read and distract from the text messages, as if every truth or fact could best conveyed in colour, with illustrations or decorations or even in multi-media format. - 30.8.00, 30.1.02.

PRIORITIES: No one has the right to decide our priorities for us. It is the individual’s right to decide. No freedom can be more basic than that. No freedom can be more important.” – Australian Newspaper Council, 19.4.75. – This sounds like panarchism, in very general terms – but I very much doubt that it was meant as such. – JZ, 11.3.08. - DECISIONS, SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-RELIANCE, SELF-HELP, PANARCHISM


PRIORITIES: Since all individuals on earth have different and ever-changing priorities, the coercively imposed priorities of governments and planners can only act against the interests of individuals.” – Harry Lee Smith, Land Use and Capital, in THE FREEMAN, 8/76. - INDIVIDUALS, COERCION, PLANNING

PRIORITIES: The one-eyed view of our universe says you must not look far afield for problems. Such problems may never arrive. Instead, tend to the wolf within your fences. The packs ranging outside may not even exist.” – Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, ANALOG 3-76, p. 54, ascribing it to The Zahar Book, Shamra 1:4. – SELF-LIBERATION COMES FIRST. CONSPIRACY THEORIES. Compare Voltaire: “One has to cultivate one’s own garden.”

PRIORITIES: The threat of nuclear war and steps towards its prevention have, unfortunately, no priority or only a very low one for most people, although objectively they should have the highest ones. I see no other way than systematic enlightenment to overcome this difficulty. Most people have still to learn much about freedom, rights, justice, self-responsibility and the real causes of war and peace and what they could and should do about them. For all too long they were all too powerless in this sphere so that they are reduced to demonstrating, marching, shouting, praying, etc., without sufficient comprehension about their present powerlessness and their potential individual and associative powers. - ACCIDENTAL WAR, ACUTENESS OF DANGER, APATHY, BRINKMANSHIP, CULTURAL REVOLUTION, DEATH-WISH, EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, IDEAS ARCHIVE, FOOLISHNESS, IDEAS/LARGE IGNORANCE, INTEREST, MYTHS, MORALITY, PEOPLE, POWERLESSNESS, PREJUDICES, RESIGNATION, STATISM, STUPIDITY, SURVIVAL INSTINCT. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - CORRECTLY CHOSEN PRIORITIES, ENLIGHTENMENT

PRIORITIES: There are no economic priorities as such, just millions of individual priorities, concerned with everyday living, which can be called ‘social priorities’ if you like. And different people have different priorities. – We all might like a holiday in Spain and a new dining room suite. But some of us have to choose.” – Terry Arthur, 95 % Is Crap, p.185. – Apparently, he did not take into consideration any comprehensive declaration of individual, including economic rights and liberties. Admittedly, most of such declarations - so far advanced by governments or private individuals - fall also under his “95 % Is Crap” rule. But if we seriously examined all of them and tried to adopt and develop the best points of the best ones, we would finally arrive at some good guides for economics, politics, social relationships and for peaceful coexistence. – JZ, 11.3.08, 17.1.14. – INDIVIDUAL & ECONOMIC RIGHTS & LIBERTIES & THEIR DECLARATION

PRISON SENTENCES: The multiplication of administrative offences punishable by imprisonment is such a deplorable feature of modern legislation in England. Those who frame such laws forget the supreme importance of liberty and the obligation which free men, who value their own freedom, lie under, not to deprive other men of freedom without the clearest necessity.” – Sir Arthur Bryant, The Ultimate Evil, ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS, March 27, 1948. – But when they do so deprive others of their liberty then they act just like ordinary criminals with victims. – Under Panarchism there would be competing governance systems, competing personal law, competing juridical, police and penal systems, not just one territorial one for the whole population of a territory. - JZ, 5.4.89, 21.2.08. - PANARCHISM, CRIMES ACTS, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, POLYARCHY, PENAL SYSTEMS, PERSONAL LAW

PRISONERS OF WAR: If prisoners of war are wrongly treated then they will resist to the last, even with nuclear devices, rather than risking captivity. They ought to be given a choice whether to become neutrals or allies or to be treated properly as prisoners of war according to the international laws of warfare. Once this is done, then large conscript armies will no longer pose a threat to free societies, which they, supposedly, could counter only with nuclear devices. The armed forces of an enemy regime would thus either be neutralized or even become allies, would fraternize or rise en masse against their regime and the remainder would not fight desperately. Why should they? Whatever ideals they have for themselves, quite free societies could and would teach or even help them to establish these ideals for themselves. - AMNESTY, APPEALS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, DESERTION, DISCRIMINATING WARFARE, DISOBEDIENCE, EMPLOYMENT, ENEMY, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, INTERNATIONAL LAW, LIBERATION WAR, MILITIA, NATIONALISM, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, SECRET ALLIES, SEPARATE PEACE, RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, DECLARED IN TIME & BELIEVABLY, DESERTION, FRATERNIZATION, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE AS ALLIES, RIGHT & WRONG TREATMENT OF POW'S, DEFENCE. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - However, are a many cross references any good when so many people seem to be unable to keep two or a few relevant other ideas and facts at the same time in their minds and get stuck on merely one? – JZ, 22.4.08, 17.1.14.

PRISONERS OF WAR: Prisoners of war are still largely either murdered or, at best, temporarily exploited as slave workers or kept in idleness in prisoner of war camps. – According to the radio news there are ca. 60 wars going on at present. – JZ, 24.8.93. - How many prisoner of war victims were involved in these wars? How many are - today? The relatively few survivors of Russian prisoners of war in the Russian government’s war in Afghanistan were not freed in the West but kept in prisons in Switzerland! That demonstrated one aspect of the kind of “liberation” that Western governments have in mind. – Not only their threats to these victims with nuclear “weapons”. - JZ, 18.2.08, 17.1.14. – POWs, LIBERATION, SECRET & OPEN ALLIES, IN FORM OF GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, ALL ONLY FOR THEIR PRESENT & FUTURE VOLUNTEERS


PRISONERS: the best way to appreciate freedom is to lose it. Prisoners are likely to be more aware of its attractions (*) than happy and free men.” – Michael Ivens, Pressures for Conformity, article in Patters of Prejudice, Jan/Feb. 1977. (*) Usually they are aware of only a few basic liberties and even these they are not willing to concede to others. I often wonder whether there is as yet even a single other person in the world who is really attracted to all individual rights and liberties. If there were many of them, then an almost complete human rights declaration of them should already exist. (As perfect as human beings in our times could make it. - JZ, 13.2.11.) But who shows interest for such a declaration? Compare the over 130 private as opposed to government declarations that I offer in PEACE PLANS 589/590 - No one has as yet written me about it, offered corrections and improvements or even whole new drafts. So small is the interest or so small is my outreach. - JZ, 23.2.08. 13.2.11. - DICTATORSHIPS, DESPOTISM, CAPTIVE PEOPLE, FREEDOM,

PRISONERS: Those who cannot or will not control themselves have to be controlled by others, to prevent further aggressions, until they have learnt to control themselves. – JZ, 6.1.84, 12.3.08. - CRIMINALS WITH VICTIMS, OFFENDERS AGAINST THE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS OF OTHERS, SELF-CONTROL & EXTERNAL CONTROLS

PRISONS: Criminals and their sympathizers are apt to complain about what they consider to be inhuman restrictions in prisons - but not about the inhuman conditions which criminals imposed upon their victims. - JZ, 1.6.99. – CRIMES, CRIMINALS & THEIR VICTIMS

PRISONS: Don’t do drugs because if you do drugs you’ll go to prison, and drugs are really expensive in prison.” – John Hardwick. - Since drugs cannot even be effectively kept out of prisons, why try to keep them out of whole countries or whole populations? - One of the motives is that drug prohibition can be very profitable, not only to drug producers and drug traders but also to politicians, policemen and custom officers. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - JOKES, DRUG PROHIBITIONS, SENTENCES FOR DRUGS

PRISONS: Else a great Prince in prison lies.” - John Donne, The Ecstasy, p.68. - My sympathies are rather on the side of the victims of all territorial princes, rulers, presidents, prime ministers and their democratic, republican or despotic systems. Within their territories many kinds of nations, movements, communities and protective associations are not permitted full exterritorial autonomy. Only some individual rights and liberties are fractionally recognized, realized and protected. Let their victims opt out, as they can, under religious liberty, opt out from any church or sect and associate voluntarily and under exterritorial autonomy and personal laws of their own choosing. Only then might we experience some leadership that might one day rightfully be called great. All great leaders so far made the great mistake and committed the great wrong of upholding territorial rule. For that they do not deserve to be admired but, rather, despised. They completely distorted the natural and quite voluntary relationship between leaders and followers. - JZ, 13.10.02, 27.11.02, 13.2.11. - LEADERSHIP, FOLLOWERSHIP, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SECESSIONISM & PERSONAL LAW, VS. TERRITORIALISM

PRISONS: I have been studying how I may compare // This prison where I live unto the world.” - Shakespeare, Richard II. - WORLD, STATES & NATIONS, PEOPLES, AS PRISONS

PRISONS: In some countries almost all citizens are enslaved, as innocent people, incarcerated in nation-wide prisons and even subjected to mass murders. E.g. Cambodia under the Pol Pot regime. To some extent all of us, even in “free” countries, are imprisoned by territorial laws and institutions. – JZ, 1986, 2.4.08. – TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, TOTALITARIANISM

PRISONS: Institution for the detention of those who trespassed extensively on human rights. It must be an incarceration long enough a) to give them a chance to reform themselves, b) to repay the damages done by them, c) to deter them from committing crimes in the future, d.) to quarantine them when no reform can be achieved. – JZ, n.d. & 12.3.08. – PUNISHMENTS, REHABILITATION, DETERRENCE

PRISONS: it behooves us to remember that any claim which we allow to the criminal against the 'State' is only so much burden laid upon those who have never cost the State anything for discipline or correction.” - W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.120. - TAXATION, VICTIMS, CRIMINALS, JUSTICE, FORGOTTEN MAN

PRISONS: It follows, from what has been stated, that it is a great and dangerous error to suppose that all people are equally entitled to liberty. It is a reward to be earned, not a blessing to be gratuitously lavished on all alike; - a reward reserved for the intelligent, the patriotic, the virtuous and deserving: - and not a boon to be bestowed on a people too ignorant, degraded and vicious, to be capable either of appreciating or of enjoying it. Nor is it any disparagement of liberty that such is, and ought to be the case. On the contrary, its greatest praise, - its proudest distinction is, that an all-wise Providence has reserved it, as the noblest and highest reward for the development of our faculties, moral and intellectual. A reward more appropriate than liberty could not be conferred on the deserving; - nor a punishment inflicted on the undeserving more just, than to be subject to lawless and despotic rule. (*) This dispensation seems to be the result of some fixed law; - and every effort to disturb or defeat it, by attempting to elevate a people in the scale of liberty, above the point to which they are entitled to rise, must ever prove abortive, and end in disappointment.” – John Calhoun, A Disquisition on Government. – Quoted in THE FREEMAN. - (*) Prisons do not have to be like that and many of them already are not, at least in the somewhat developed countries. – JZ, 2.4.08. - LIBERTY TO BE EARNED

PRISONS: Jails: Stables designed to improve ethics by herding together the sinners. As sin will always come out on top, the result of this process is invariably the acquisition of at least one new sin by the old sinners. - Also: “You cannot make a man straight by cuffing him to crooks.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought, p.62. – That is not even true for all of the government-run prisons. In the democratic countries the convicts are classified and largely separated according to their chances for rehabilitation and the best types are given many chances to educate and train themselves. As a I know from my own long-term experience at Berrima Training Centre, recidivism can be reduced to 10 to 20 % by humane methods and even governmental education and training only, even in governmental prisons, not privately or cooperatively run ones. Herbert Spencer, in his essay “Prison Ethics” mentions three prisons, one in Munich, one in Valencia and one on Norfolk Island, where, under sensible systems and at least for a while, recidivism was practically reduced to zero. The infamous Devil’s Island prison was closed down, based on its past record, just when it, finally, was working effectively as a rehabilitation centre, according to a report that I read many years ago in a READER’S DIGEST issue. So here you have 5 cases that do not fit into the above definition by D. D. Runes. – JZ, 2.4.08. – Average recidivism is still above 60% for prisons in NSW, I believe. But I have not current figures on hand to prove this. Crime or conviction rate has gone done so that the Berrima Training Centre has been closed down for a few years already.  – JZ, 17.1.14. - PUNISHMENT, REHABILITATION, CRIMINALS, CONVICTS, JAILS,

PRISONS: Only crime victims who are religious nuts or full of economic prejudices would voluntarily pay to keep those, who criminally offended against them, in relative idleness and luxury in modern prisons. – JZ, 7.6.79. – Criminals should be made to work hard and productively for their own upkeep, that of their dependents and towards the indemnification of their victims. – JZ, 13.3.08.

PRISONS: People who run prisons are mainly responsible for teaching prisoners how to live in peace outside prisons.” - Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.61. – Self-improvement is the primary duty – even for convicts. – JZ, 20.3.09. -

PRISONS: Present prisons mostly prevent criminals from working productively to indemnify their victims while charging all their direct and indirect victims to keep imprisoned criminals in relative idleness and comfort in prison, at a very high cost per criminal. This tax-founded subsidy for idleness of convicted criminals ought to be ended. They are penal slaves and ought to be "exploited" or, rather, as such - for the benefit of their victims, not only to work for their upkeep and to support their dependents. – JZ, 4.12.99, 14.2.08. - CRIMINALS

PRISONS: Prisons are by now often just “fringe benefits” of a criminal career: i.e., all-paid-for holidays. – JZ, 22.5.80.

PRISONS: Prisons contain those who are not deterred from crime by the threat of imprisonment.” John Gall: Systemantics, 96. – Or by their own principles deterred from committing crimes with victims. – JZ, 12.3.08.

PRISONS: Prisons provide convenient places “to keep them out of the way until they are grown up.” – C. Bevan, 4/78. – MATURITY, CRIME

PRISONS: Prisons today repress the crime victims more than the criminals – judging by the costs and work involved on both sides. – JZ, 12.10.79.

PRISONS: The costs per prisoner, per day amount to $ 140 in the average and are going up to $ 500 a day for maximum security prisoners.” – Radio ABC, 21.11.96. – In other words, they are allowed to become a further burden upon honest citizens via taxes and government spending, rather than being made to produce their support, their security and money for their dependents and the victims of their crimes by productive work, even in that environment. – See Herbert Spencer’s essay “Prison Ethics” and my own article on capitalist prison reform in PEACE PLANS 15. – JZ, 13.2.08, 17.1.14. - PRISONS RUN BY GOVERNMENTS OR PRIVATELY, CRIME, CRIMINALS, PUNISHMENT, VICTIMIZATION

PRISONS: The maintenance of prisons at the expense of their victims is a further major crime against the victims – via the official robbery of taxation. – JZ, 10.1.95.

PRISONS: There must be a better way of re-educating offenders than herding them like unruly cattle into a pen.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. – Often it is almost a play-pen or a sports and recreation centre, with only some official “education” thrown in. – Forced labour can be achieved via enforced self-responsibility. – JZ, 26.7.92. - If incarcerated convicts do not sufficiently discipline themselves and are not willing to work to support themselves and their dependents and pay off the damages of their crimes - then even drinking water should not be automatically and free of charge be supplied to them. People can stand hunger for a few weeks but not thirst. That was one useful invention of the East German communist regime. But it applied this method against innocents, not against work-shy convicted criminals with victims. – JZ, 2.4.08.

PRISONS: We are imprisoned by image of Big Daddy." - Heading of R. A. Wilson, in "Right Where You Are Sitting Now", p.167. - TERRITORIALISM, NATIONS, NATIONALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PRISONS: Wherever anyone is against his will that is to him a prison.” - Epictetus (c. 50-120 A.D.), Discourses, Bk. IV. - It is not so much the location that is important in this respect but the territorially imposed status or imposed lack of status that is significant. Recognize individual sovereignty and let dissenting individuals and groups opt out to do their things for and to themselves. - JZ, 13.10.02. – PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTERS VS. TERRITORIALISM


PRIVACY: All should be private and hardly anything still is.” – John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, p.141. („Alles sollte privat sein, und kaum etwas ist es mehr.“)

PRIVACY: Clinton Rossiter has summed up the general idea we have of liberty today as consisting of four notions: independence, privacy, power and opportunity. “Independence is a situation in which a man feels himself subject to a minimum of external restraints … Privacy is a special kind of independence which can be understood as an attempt to secure autonomy … if necessary in defiance of all the pressures of modern society.” – G. Sartori, Liberty and Law, p.10. - AUTONOMY

PRIVACY: Even the citizen’s privacy has been put in a governmental fish bowl. He is compelled to inform his bureaucratic masters of every dollar he earns or saves. He is supposed to maintain records which government agents may examine at any time they wish.” – A Workers Party paper, The Bureaucracy, 1975. - PRIVACY

PRIVACY: Every man should know that his conversations, his correspondence, and his personal life are private.” – Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973), Remarks, 3/10/67. - Did he dissolve the secret services? - JZ, 23. 11. 06.

PRIVACY: Every rational being has the right to an undisturbed private life. This includes e.g. the right to freely enjoy rest and leisure, privacy of postal and other communications, inviolability of one’s home and family life, the right not to have one’s photograph taken against one’s will, and the right dress as one likes. Comment: The rights of free expression, information and movement are limited by this right. – From the human rights draft in PEACE PLANS No 4, also in PEACE PLANS 589/590 together with over 130 other private drafts of that kind. On the disc on - All these and many other individual rights and liberties still remain to be sufficiently discussed with the aim to provide a complete declaration of all individual rights and liberty. – JZ, 12.3.08.

PRIVACY: Freedom rather than privacy! - JZ, 21.7.08.

PRIVACY: I am much more concerned about insufficient publicity for important libertarian information and ideas than about privacy for relatively unimportant personal details. – JZ, 6.11.03.

PRIVACY: Our privacy needs protection most of all against the lawmakers and bureaucrats. – JZ, 29.4.77.

PRIVACY: Privacy from government is perhaps the most important thing in life right now.” – Harry D. Schultz. – Not to me – because I don’t earn as much as he does – with consultation fees of $ 750 per hour! – JZ, 8.6.82.

PRIVACY: Privacy IS freedom. Leave us alone!" - Ron Paul – Privacy in every sphere of peaceful and self-responsible activities within the framework of genuine individual rights and liberties, going to the practice of societies and communities of volunteers, under personal law and full exterritorial autonomy for their own affairs. – JZ, 7.4.12. – To the extent that they are successful and thus set attractive examples, they would even wish for maximum publicity rather than privacy. – JZ, 17.1.14. - FOR ALL GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES FREEDOM, LEAVE US ALONE, NON-INTERFERENCE, ABOLITION OF TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHY

PRIVACY: Relying on government to protect your privacy is like asking a Peeping Tom to install your window blinds.” - John Barlow, co-founder of EFF, in CACM, June 1992. - & GOVERNMENTAL SURVEILLANCE EXCESSES CURRENTLY REPORTED IN THE USA, 2014.

PRIVACY: the long march humankind has taken has been a movement away from the idea of collectivity toward the idea of privacy.” - Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.126.

PRIVACY: The privacy and dignity of our citizens [are] being whittled away by sometimes imperceptible steps. Taken individually, each step may be of little consequence. But when viewed as a whole, there begins to emerge a society quite unlike any we have seen – a society in which government may intrude into the secret regions of a [person's] life. – William O. Douglas (1898-1980), U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Osborne v. United States In panarchies it could be restored as far and as fast as their voluntary members want it restored or established for the first time. – JZ, 5.4.12. - DIGNITY, FREEDOM & RIGHTS, WHITTLED AWAY UNDER TERRITORIALISM

PRIVACY: the right to be let alone and the right to choose one’s associates.” – V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 3/73. –Alas, V. Orval Watts was no panarchist. Many share the principles of panarchists but do not fully and consistently apply them in the panarchist way. – JZ, 12.4.08. - PANARCHISM, PRINCIPLES, VOLUNTARISM, POLYARCHISM

PRIVACY: There is a sacred realm of privacy for every man and woman where he makes his choices and decisions – a realm of his own essential rights and liberties into which the law, generally speaking, must not intrude. – Geoffrey Fisher - in - & INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MEDIA, SNOOPING, SPYING, WRONGFUL PUBLICITY

PRIVACY: We are no longer almost totally custom- or law-ridden in all spheres but already to a large extent free "to do our own things". To that extent this private practice constitutes an analogy to panarchy in the "public spheres", which are presently still monopolized by territorial governments. There is already much individual and free choice in marriage partners, lovers, jobs, housing, gardening, hobbies, crafts, entertainment, arts, tourism, interior decoration, fashions, studies, reading, friends, clubs and associations, consumer sovereignty in shopping, sports activities, active or passive, in radio, TV, videos, cinemas, theatres, diets, hair styles, tobacco, alcohol and soft drink varieties, fruits, vegetables, meats, household equipment, tools. The choice is almost endless and almost overwhelming. But it causes no street-fighting or oppression, no election campaigns and party struggles. Choices are peacefully and individually made and paid for rather than imposed. (Apart e.g. from unwanted presents from friends and relatives. But they, too, hardly ever cause serious strife.) It is astonishing that the principle of such varied private actions has not yet led to wide-spread demands for the same liberty in public affairs. Regarding these we are mostly dominated by fixed ideas like: "One law for all!", "Equality before the law!", "Unity!", etc. and still dominated by customs and traditions that only few dare to question, at least partly, in thought-games. Even historical instances for exterritorial liberty and individual secessionism are largely and habitually overlooked. Almost everything on public affairs is viewed through the rosy glasses of territorialism and “Welfare States”. - The status quo has an enormous power over the ideas, opinions and actions of most people. - JZ, 29.8.04. – PANARCHISM, PRIVATE PRECEDENTS

PRIVACY: We should have freedom in education, health matters, racial problems, production, exchange of products, all business and employment matters, religion, travel, transportation, export, import, immigration and emigration. They are all private matters and as such are of no concern to any government.” – Bruno H. Schubert, THE ANSWER, 4/75. – Are there really any matters, which ought to be the concern of territorial governments – except the abolition of their exclusive territorial powers? – JZ, 12.3.08. – GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, Q.

PRIVACY: What other rights have we lost? Among them is the right to own and hold gold, the right to privacy of records, i.e., bank deposits, bank accounts, safety deposit boxes; the right to privacy in one’s home, freedom to plant and raise such crops as one wills, protection from arbitrary actions by government which erode the values of our savings by inflation, etc. The list is long. We are subjected to compulsory participation in Social Security, mandatory wage rates, compulsory membership in labor organizations, fixed rent controls, restrictions on choice of tenants and purchasers of our property and others.” – Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral’s Log II, p.119. – RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS

PRIVATE ARMIES: Not all of them are good enough for Panarchism and the protection of individual rights and liberties. – JZ, in Pan AZ. - Some of them, also those called militias, are often worse even than governmental armed forces of democracies are. Although, probably, not worse than those of tyrannies and of totalitarian regimes. - We still need ideal militias for this purpose. - JZ, 13.2.11. -PROTECTION SERVICES & CONVENTIONAL & NEW MILITIAS, DEFENCE

PRIVATE BANKERS: The illusion, prejudice or myth that private bankers can arbitrarily increase and multiply deposits and credits, thus creating an inflationary additional "money", is one of the greatest supports for the continuance of monetary despotism. - It ignores, among many other things, that non-cash "payments" have no legal tender power. They can be and sometimes are refused and CAN suffer a considerable discount against cash. - This illusion overlooks, moreover, that government cash and accounts reckoning in it, can be inflated only via the government's money issue monopoly and its enforced paper value standard, combined in its paper money, a "legal tender" currency, which, as such, prevents pricing of the paper standard and of the exchange medium and free competition for both and the pricing of goods, services and labour in alternative and sound standards, not participating in the inflation of the forced currency of governments. With legal tender the bad exchange medium, the bad value standard, can, indeed, drive out good money and value standard alternatives. Without legal tender they could not but would, instead, be driven out by alternatives, which payers and payees prefer to use. - JZ, 3/97. – If banks could create credits and deposits they would not pay any interest to their savers. – JZ, 17.1.14. – Instead of criticizing the real monetary despotism of central banks, critics wrongly attack private banks, as if they were note-issuing banks with a privilege or opportunity to arbitrarily create more money, deposits and credits. – JZ, 17.1.14. - MONEY CREATION, CREDIT CREATION, DEPOSTI CREATION BY PRIVATE BANKS, GRESHAM'S LAW, LEGAL TENDER, MONEY ISSUE MONOPOLY, CENTRAL BANKING

PRIVATE COINAGE: The state's nationalisation of the minting business injured the free market and the monetary system in many ways. One neglected point is that government minting is subject to the same flaws, inefficiencies, and tyranny over the consumer as every other government operation. Since coins are a convenient monetary shape for daily transactions, the state's decree that only X, Y, and Z denominations shall be coined, imposes a loss of utility on consumers and substitutes uniformity for the diversity of the market. It also begins the long disastrous slide from an emphasis on weight to an emphasis on name or tale. In short, under private coinage there would be a number of denominations, in strict accordance with the variety of consumer wants. The private stamp would probably guarantee fineness rather than weight, and the coins would circulate by weight ..." - Rothbard, The 100% Gold Dollar, p.14. - The suppression of private coins with private acceptance foundations and produced out of cheap metals or plastic, has had probably an even worse effect. With gold value reckoning widely practised and gold coins only rarely used, in a few transactions and cheap metal coins easily given a gold weight value by ready shop foundation acceptance as local currency, there is no need to resort to rare metals to provide change or small change. Private gold coinage should not be outlawed but there is no reason to use it widely. - J. Z., 17.4.97. – The Australian Mint did not even get the sizing of its coins right. E.g. the 50 c coin is larger than the $ 1 coin and the $ 1 coin is larger than the $ 2 coin. However, these are merely trivial defects compared with the coinage and note issue monopoly. – JZ, 17.1.14.

PRIVATE COINAGE: The third objective on the road to the gold standard would be the individual freedom to mint coins. The first coins were minted by private individuals and goldsmiths. And private coins have circulated throughout history.” – Dr. Hans Sennholz, Inflation or Gold Standard? p.63. – Here he ignored that there are several different kinds of gold standards and his choice among them was not the best. Libertarians, anyhow, should favour free choice in value standards, even if one particular gold standard were the objectively best one. – JZ, 17.1.14.

PRIVATE COINAGE: We can trust private manufacturers to mint coins according to the market’s specifications just as we can trust private firms to manufacture nuts and bolts to specifications, or carry the mail. Advocates of the free market maintain that private enterprise can provide every other product or service better than the government can. Why not coins?” - Charles Curley, THE FREEMAN, 6/75, p. 354. – The competitive supply of sound paper monies is even more important. Their value can be soundly measured in and maintained at par with that of certain rare metal coins or weight units – and this without them being so redeemable upon demand by their issuers. Convertibility into rare metals can be referred to the free market for them. To reckon, account, clear, price and express e.g. banknote values in rare metal coins or weight units and to so manage the issues of paper monies and their reflux that their par value with their nominal value is maintained, is quite possible and has often been done. Naturally their issuers would have to accept them as if they were corresponding rare metal coins or weight quantities of rare metals. – But in the general market everyone would be free to refuse or to discount them. This freedom, too, would be necessary to maintain their value and to regulate their volume in a market-like way. - JZ, 12.4.08. – PRIVATE PAPER MONIES, COMPETING, OPTIONAL, REFUSABLE, MARKET RATED, WITH SOUND VALUE RECKONING BUT WITHOUT METALLIC REDEMPTION BY THE ISSUER.

PRIVATE COMMUNITIES: There are 20,000 ‘private’ communities in the United States, bound together by perpetual covenants in the individual property deeds. Many of these buy basic protection services from private contractors.” - Richard Cornuelle, Healing America, G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1983, p.192. – Books like this should be online, with further such stimulating examples added by the readers. The free online publishing does also promote the sale of the printed book. Furthermore, on-demand-publishing could keep it permanently in print. – JZ, 12.9.08. - These communities are not territorial but merely instances of private property rights. Just like some private towns and the "proprietary communities" proposed by Spencer Heath McCallum. - JZ, 13.2.11. - Panarchism or polyarchism would provide them with full exterritorial autonomy or personal law options. - JZ, 17.1.14. - GATED COMMUNITIES, PROPRIETARY COMMUNITIES

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: A private enterprise operator, … does not have the power to impose his desired system on the public. If people do not like what he is offering, they will go elsewhere. But the government ensures that the people have no choice.” – Mark Tier, in QUADRANT, 9/75. - CHOICE, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, LAISSEZ FAIRE, COMPETITION, PEOPLE, MIXED ECONOMY, PUBLIC SERVICES, FREE ENTERPRISE, COMPETITION, CAPITALISM, FREE MARKET, LAISSEZ FAIRE, TERRITORIALISM, FREE TRADE, PROTECTIONISM

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: a system that recognizes the validity and worth of personal initiative as well as collective effort.” – William Davis, OPTION, 4/77. – A well-organized productive cooperative does that even more so. – JZ, 12.3.08.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Anything that government can do, private enterprise can do for half the cost." – Milton Friedman - VS. GOVERNMENT ACTIONS & INSTITUTIONS

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: But private enterprises will be owned by their workers rather than being nationalized, and this is not socialism, at least not socialism as it was usually attempted on Earth. And all the co-ops are businesses - small democracies devoted to some work or other, all needing capital. … But in our system workers will hire capital rather than the other way around. It’s more democratic that way, more just.”” – Kim Stanley Robinson, Blue Mars, p.150. - AS PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, SELF-MANAGEMENT, LIBERATION AT WORK VS. STATE SOCIALISM, VOLUNTARY & COOPERATIVE SOCIALISM

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Firms would go bankrupt in no time if they were not more efficient and economical than government institutions.” – K. Brodie, SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 29.11.78.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: freedom for private enterprises allows business to abolish famine and raise levels of living.” – V. Orval Watts, in a review in THE FREEMAN, 10/75, p.628, on a then new and revised edition of Free Markets or Famine, selected writings by various authors, Pendell Publishing Company, P.O. Box 1666, Midland, Michigan 48640.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Government enterprise is wholly unable, under its most advantageous promptings, to compete with private enterprise.” – HUNT’S MERCHANT MAGAZINE, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 3/76. - Even in those spheres, which "limited" but still territorial governments do monopolistically and coercively reserve to themselves. - JZ, 13.2.11.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Have you ever heard of a private firm proposing to “solve” a shortage of the product it sells by telling people to buy less? Certainly not. Private firms welcome customers, and expand when their product is in heavy demand – thus servicing and benefiting their customers as well as themselves. It is only government that “solves” the traffic problem on its streets by forcing trucks (or private cars or buses) off the road. According to that principle, the “ideal” solution to traffic congestion is to outlaw all vehicles! And yet, such are the suggestions one comes to expect under government management.” – Murray N. Rothbard, quoted in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC, for Dec. 24. – Compare water usage restrictions and the pressure to use less electricity. – JZ, 12.3.08. - GOVERNMENT ENTERPRISE

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: I don’t think private enterprise wants to be administered by government.” – ANZ bank economist, 20.4.76. – It does neither want to be so “administered” nor taxed, either, nor regulated and controlled by the government. – JZ, 12.3.08. - It should be free and competitive enough to exterritorially and autonomously compete, with its volunteers, against all governments and all governmental institutions, constitutions, laws, jurisdictions and enforcement agencies, abolishing their territorial monopolies. - JZ, 13.2.11, 17.1.14.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: I was completing some last-minute Christmas shopping in a large department store. At last my turn came to be “waited on”; and as the clerk rang up the sale, I commented, “Quite a crowd.” - “Yes,” she smiled, “our best day yet!” - I thought no more about it until I reached home. The mail truck was approaching, so I walked back down the driveway to pick up the mail, thanking the postman and remarking that he must have quite a load on this last day before Christmas. - “Yes,” he replied, “the worst day we’ve ever had!” – David A. Stignani, in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC, for Dec. 23. – VS. MONOPOLIES, POST OFFICE, JOKES

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: If you hadn’t noticed it, private operators have to be neater than government. To succeed, they have to court the consumer. Government enterprises have no such compulsion, and we are still paying for most of those public works. A good deal of the payment is in the form of inflation, … but we are directed to blame that on butchers or cattlemen …” - Charles R. La Dow, THE FREEMAN, 2/75

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Let private enterprise do the job. – JZ, n.d. - Including coops, partnerships and any other kind of self-managed enterprises. No job or task should any longer be territorially reserved to any government. Once all the tasks that territorial governments were, obviously, unable to solve or even caused themselves, can be freely tackled in this way then most of them will, probably, be solved as soon as possible - and some of them almost instantly, e.g. involuntary unemployment and inflation. - JZ, l3.2.11. – FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, ASSOCIATION, SECESSION, EXPERIMENTATION, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. TERRITORIALISM

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Not at all surprisingly, most people think of the free market as private enterprise. This, however, is not what we mean. All sorts of wholly objectionable enterprises are private: piracy, for instance, or embezzlement, hi-jacking. Nor are there many business firms in America that are free market examples. Labor union tactics are linked with many of them or, if not this, there are governmental interventions that favor some and injure others.” – Leonard E. Read, The Miracle of the Market, in Champions of Freedom, p.55. – FREE MARKET

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Our economy has the tremendous advantage of possessing three and a half million business enterprises outside of agriculture and about six million business enterprises in agriculture. This means that the American economy has nearly ten million places where innovations may be authorized.” – Sumner H. Slichter, quoted in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC, for April 25. - We should strive for the same kind of freedom for experimentation when it comes to provide whole political, economic and social systems by volunteers under their own personal laws and institutions. – JZ, 12.3.08. – PRIVATE INITIATIVE, INDIVIDUAL INITIATIVE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, PERSONAL LAWS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, LAISSEZ-FAIRE, FREE ENTERPRISE & CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY IN EVERY SPHERE

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Private enterprise continually increases the prosperity of its customers whereas the government continually decreases the prosperity of its citizens. – Private enterprise maintains and expands itself by continually offering things to people they want, whereas government maintains and expands itself by depriving people of what they want, by means of forcibly seizing their goods, via taxation, forcefully preventing them from trading and living as they choose, through regulations.” - Patrick Brooks, 2/71.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Private enterprise creates; government destroys. That is the great economic lesson of our times and all times.” – Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr. - Let's turn all territorial governments into merely exterritorially autonomous private or cooperative enterprise and communities, under their own personal laws. Then the ignorant, apathetic, stupid, fanatic or prejudiced ones can only mess up their own affairs as much as they like and are willing to stand for. - We should not forget, either, how many wrongful institutions territorial governments have legally "created" and coercively maintained and financed. - Starting with parliaments, governments and their judiciary, police and military system, with the postal monopoly only a minor irritant, the monetary despotism and foreign affairs monopoly being major ones. - Has Rockwell as yet clearly stated, among his numerous and very valuable essays, his opposition to the territorial monopoly and to compulsory State membership and compulsory subordination to territorial government? - I am not yet sufficiently read up on him. - At least he reproduced one such essay by Richard C. B. Johnsston. - JZ, 25.11.06. – And several by Michael S. Rozeff! – JZ, 10.3.09. - VS. TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, PRIVATE ENTERPRISE, CAPITALISM, MARKET, COMPETITION, LAISSEZ FAIRE, PANARCHISM

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Private enterprise is successfully competing with the government …” - Mr. Merrick, 27.1.1845, quoted by Lysander Spooner, in his essay against the P.O. monopoly, in L. S.’s Works, I, p.41. – Yes, whenever and wherever it is free to do so or simply dares to ignore prohibitive laws. – JZ, 76 & 12.3.08. - COMPETITION

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Private enterprise should avoid “running to the government for help” … governments should not be involved in private business at all.” – Sir Peter Abeles, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 8/76. – FACTORIES, MANUFACTUERS, BUSINESSMEN, SUBSIDIES, PROTECTIONISM

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Private enterprise, in fact, employs three-quarters of our workforce and the wealth it creates makes possible the employment for the rest.” – Enterprise Australia, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 2/77.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Ralph Harris, Co-Operation Through Competition, in 1985, ed. by Dr. Rhodes Boyson, p.15. – COMPETITION & COOPERATION

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Some people want an “improved competitive private enterprise system” – but a genuine private enterprise system, one which is truly free, cannot be further improved upon. It has inherently maximum competitiveness. – JZ, 11.1.77. - Especially when it is seeing to it that it also includes already full monetary and financial freedom. – JZ, 12.3.08. - It should also be free to tackle all the tasks now monopolized by territorial governments. - JZ, 13.2.11.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: Some see private enterprise as a predatory target to be shot, others as a cow to be milked, but few are those who see it as a sturdy horse pulling the wagon.” - Winston Churchill. - And fewer still realize that as different points of view could all be tolerantly practised - but only among volunteers, i.e., their believers and at their expense and risk only. - JZ, 14.5.01. - To my knowledge W. C. never spoke up for private enterprise in the monetary sphere. He took monetary despotism for granted, while totalitarian communists were at least informed enough to see that it opened a path to power for them. - JZ, 30.1.02. – Robberies are also private enterprises – but they do infringe the privacy or business of others. It would be better to speak of free enterprises. However active they are, they do not interfere with the free enterprises of others. – JZ, 10.3.09. CAPITALISM, PANARCHISM, LAISSEZ FAIRE

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: The economic miracle that has been the United States was not produced by socialized enterprises, by government-union-industry cartels or by centralized economic planning. It was produced by private enterprises in a profit-and-loss system. And losses were at least as important in weeding out failures, as profits in fostering successes. Let government succor failures, and we shall be headed for stagnation and decline.” – Milton Friedman - PRIVATE PROPERTY, FREE TRADING, CAPITALISM & PROFIT & LOSS SYSTEM, ECONOMIC "MIRACLES" VS. STATE SOCIALISM & SUBSIDIES, BAILOUTS, PRIVILEGES & MONOPOLIES

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: the fundamental defect of our present economic system, a defect from which spring most of our other economic ills, is that whilst we permit, and have benefited enormously from permitting private enterprise to supply goods, we have unwisely prohibited private enterprise from supplying the means of exchanging these goods – the money.” – Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 12/74. – And also sound alternative value standards and clearing options. – JZ, 12.3.08. - FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE EXCHANGE

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: The private enterprisers knows best – far better than any government official – how to use his resources.” – Oscar W. Cooley, THE FREEMAN, March 71.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: The private sector can provide what is now entirely absent from the public sector: the market dynamics and profit forces that make private business the most effective innovator and resource-allocator in the history of man.” – ERC WORLD MARKET PERSPECTIVE, 15.10.75.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: There is a massive distinction between “private” and “free enterprise. – John Singleton, THE AUSTRALIAN, 6.6.77.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: There is no private enterprise in the mixed economy. It is reduced to serfdom by taxes and numerous oppressive laws, especially by monetary despotism. – JZ, n.d. & 12.3.08.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: This may sound like an odd sort of free enterprise – the taxpayer assuming the risk and private industry accepting the profits.” – Novick, quoted in THE LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, July/Aug. 79, p.34. - SUBSIDIES, MIXED ECONOMY

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: We might rely on collectivism to produce goods that we don’t really need and goods that we have a lot of substitutes for; but those things that we must have – that we cannot live without, at least in the manner in which we choose to live – those things have got to be reserved for private production. The sooner we let the same system, that put bread on our table for lunch, put gasoline back in our cars and cooling and heating back in our homes, the sooner we’re going to get on with solving the “energy problem”. -  W. Phillip Graham, in reason, 8/78. - COLLECTIVISM, GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONISM, MONOPOLIES, CONTROLS, REGULATIONS, ENERGY SUPPLY

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: We require a massive switch in resources from government account back to private enterprise to restore initiative for individuals and for business, large and small.” – Malcolm Fraser, THE AUSTRALIAN, 11.1.75. – Alas, it did not happen, not even when he was Australian Prime Minister. – JZ, 12.3.08. - Is there really any job at all that could and should be reserved to any territorial government because only such a government could solve it? - JZ, 13.2.11.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: What has generally been called ‘private enterprise’ is far more responsive to public demand, while so-called ‘public enterprise’ is dominated by the personal whims of ministers and their appointees – influenced by the purely private sectional interests of trade union apparatchiks.” – Source?

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: What might the educational facilities be today had private, voluntary effort not been pre-empted by state force? In considering this intriguing question, one might ponder this highly significant fact: the goods and services provided today on a free market basis (*) - automobiles, entertainment, food, etc., - available in abundance at steadily declining (real) cost, while the goods and services provided through state monopoly (education) are in chronic short supply, while the taxes to pay for these services go up and up and up. Indeed, present experience as well as past history suggest that today we would have better and more abundant educational facilities for rich and poor alike had education never become a concern for the state.” – Duncan Yuille, on Public Education in a Workers Party paper. - (*) – Although it is still not a quite free market basis, due to taxation, monetary despotism, interferences with external trade and many other restrictions. – JZ, 12.3.08. - EDUCATION, SCHOOLS, ABUNDANCE, PRICES, COSTS, QUESTIONS

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: What we call ‘private enterprise’ enables the maximum degree of participation by the public.” – Ralph Harris, Co-Operation Through Competition, in 1985, ed. by Dr. Rhodes Boyson, p.15.

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE: while the long-held motto of private enterprise is that ‘the customer is always right’, the implicit maxim of government operation is that the customer is always to be blamed.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, p. 199. - Or the territorial subjects are made to foot the bills for all the governmental wrong decisions and wasteful spending. Only voluntary subjects of governments should be liable to pay the bills of their self-chosen governments. - JZ, 13.2.11.

PRIVATE INITIATIVE: I trust in private initiative and believe, that it is the strongest force to produce under given conditions the greatest effects.” - Ludwig Erhard. – (“Ich vertraue der privaten Initiative und glaube, dass sie die staerkste Kraft ist, um aus den jeweiligen Gegebenheiten den hoechsten Effekt herauszuholen.“) - Alas, he only contributed to liberating the West German economy to a very limited extent. The results were already called “miraculous”. Why did he furthermore stay in high offices? Because he, too, did not recognize all economic and other liberties and rights. – Private initiatives have not yet led to general enlightenment, even when they are not prohibited in this sphere. They have e.g. left still most freedom writings unpublished, un-translated or out of print, although on a single external hard disk they could be very effectively and very cheaply as well as permanently published together. Many other important enlightenment tools have not yet been provided by private initiative, not even in the many countries where this could be done quite legally by now. – This was only his “mum and apple-pie” assurance to those, for whom most important economic, political and social rights and liberties remained still outlawed even under his rule. – Possibly or probably he was not even ware of these liberties. – Totalitarianism largely arose only because the territorial State had e.g. monopolized initiatives in the sphere of formal education, also of exchange media, value standards, social insurance and banking and had largely replaced financial freedom by tax-tribute levies and government spending. - JZ, 23.2.08. – Official initiatives vainly try to replace the initiatives of the many by those of the few and this at the expense and risk of the many, for, mostly, they are only wrongful and flawed governmental or territorial monopoly "initiatives", usually with negative results. – JZ 5.7.92, 23.2.08, 13.2.11. - PLANNING, POLITICS, CENTRALIZATION, COERCION, COMPULSION, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICAL PROGRAMS, PLATFORMS, INSTITUTIONS, LAWS & MEASURES, NEW DRAFT, ENLIGHTENMENT, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, ABSTRACTS, REVIEWS, INDEX, COMPREHENSIVE & PERMANENT AS WELL AS VERY CHEAP LIBERTARIAN PUBLISHING

PRIVATE INITIATIVE: When a private individual meditates an undertaking, however directly connected it may be with the welfare of society, he never thinks of soliciting the cooperation of the government, but he publishes his plan, offers to execute it himself, courts the assistance of other individuals, and struggles manfully against all obstacles. Undoubtedly he is often less successful than the State might have been in his position; but in the end the sum of these private undertakings far exceeds all that the government could have done.” – Alexis de Tocqueville, quoted in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC, for April 2.

PRIVATE INTEREST: Domingo de Soto notes in 1567 that “private interest” works where “universal love” doesn’t. “Hence, privately owned goods will multiply. Had they remained in common possession, the opposite would be true.” - Jeffrey A. Tucker, The Economic Wisdom of the Late Scholastics, in: Llewellyn H. Rockwell, The Environmentalist Threat, in Llewellyn H. Rockwell, ed., The Economics of Liberty, Mises Institute, 1990, p.76. - However, some voluntary forms of common ownership, like partnerships and some cooperatives, do combine private with common or collective ownership very effectively. Even a share company does, to some extent. – JZ, 4.10.07. - PROPERTY & SELF-INTEREST, EGOISM, LOVE, SHARING, BENEVOLENCE, CHARITY, WELFARE STATE, SELFISHNESS VS. COMMON OWNERSHIP, STATE SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM ETC.

PRIVATE INTEREST: The argument is that there is only private interest, and that public mechanisms are justified only insofar as they satisfy private needs and wants. This belief is a useful antidote to mystical authoritarian appeals, but may serve unnecessarily to weaken the liberal case itself. … - Silvert, Man’s Power, 134.

PRIVATE INTEREST: The ultimate liberal ethic is the view that the private interest is primary, for it is man that is divine (*) and not society. - Silvert, Man’s Power, p.138/39. - (*) Or a real and natural entity and not society. – JZ 12.3.08.

PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW: The whole system of private international law is an important exception to the exercise of territorial jurisdiction, but being founded in international comity and constituting, in fact, a part of municipal law, it does not fall within the province of public international law. See Phillimore, op. cit., vol. iv, pp. 1 et seq.; Westlake, A Treatise on Private International Law (6th. ed., London, 1922), p.1. – A footnote in Liu’s book on Extraterritoriality, p.18. (This last-mentioned book is online at

PRIVATE JUDGMENT: Freedom to act out one’s noblest aspiration, to vindicate which Luther sought, but failed: THE RIGHT OF PRIVATE JUDGMENT. Freedom to do unto others as you would have that others should do unto you, and to proclaim in real earnest: “Peace on earth: Goodwill to Men.” – Then will be THE PEOPLE’S JUBILEE!” – D. W. Brookhouse, in Bob James, Australian Anarchism, p.18. – As if the technique on how to achieve that would not matter and mere prayer or divine wish-fulfilment were enough. – JZ, 12.3.08. - RIGHT OF PRIVATE JUDGMENT, SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-RULE, SELF-GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, DECISION-MAKING

PRIVATE JUDGMENT: The Right of Private Judgment led to the doctrine of Human Individuality, … (and) the doctrines of Laissez Faire, free competition, human equality, freedom of religion, of speech and of the press, and universal liberty. The right of Private Judgment … leads … to the supreme sovereignty of the individual, and the abnegation of all government. … It is … the excessive applications of that philosophy, to which we object. Man … is born a part and member of society, born and lives a slave of society … What are his obligations to society … depend upon … the necessities and well-being of the society to which he belongs.” – George Fitzhugh, “Cannibals All or, Slavery Without Master.” – Alas, a remnant of primitive private tribalism or communism remains here. A man belongs only to any society that he does want to belong to and as long as he does. – Neither the State nor any society owns him and may use him as it likes, without his consent. He belongs to himself and merely has to fulfil his contracts, as long as this is humanly possible and each contract should include a withdrawal clause. – JZ, 2.4.08. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, GOVERNMENT, SOCIETY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM

PRIVATE JUDGMENT: The right of private judgment was the key concept of the Puritan Revolution, and it followed, as Rose Lane pointed out, that responsible men would at least demand a voice in their government before agreeing to give the King the tallest trees in the pine forest or recognizing the claim to a royal monopoly of tea.” – John Chamberlain in THE FREEMAN, 5/77, p.314.

PRIVATE LAW: Can free enterprise be the sole provider of law and justice? Robert Murphy, author of Chaos Theory, writes that the idea is often dismissed out of hand. - The Possibility of Private Law -, on Facebook, 12.2.12. - COURTS, JUSTICE SYSTEM, PERSONAL LAW, JURISDICTION

PRIVATE LAW: Without question, the legal system is the one facet of society that supposedly requires State provision. Even such champions of laissez-faire as Milton Friedman and Ludwig von Mises believed a government must exist to protect private property and define the “rules of the game.” However, their arguments focused on the necessity of law itself. They simply assumed that the market is incapable of defining and protecting property rights. They were wrong. I argue that the elimination of the State will not lead to lawless chaos. Voluntary institutions will emerge to effectively and peacefully resolve the disputes arising in everyday life.” - Robert P. Murphy, Chaos Theory: Private Law - Chaos Theory  -  By Quotes - Monday, August 20th, 2012, Facebook, 21.8.12.

PRIVATE LIFE: to bring about a society where private life is held at a premium, and where no autocrat or despot, democratically elected or not, is allowed to run roughshod over the private pursuit of prosperity and security.” – Llewellyn H. Rockwell Jr., CHALCEDON REPORT, July 98. - AUTOCRACY, DESPOTISM, DEMOCRACY, PANARCHISM

PRIVATE MONEY ISSUES: Just ANY private money issues is not good enough just because it is a private or cooperative one - except, perhaps, as a deterrent example. It must also be a sound issue, in theory and practice. People should be free and have the opportunity to learn about sound issue and reflux techniques theoretically, from complete information sources on such subjects, and also to learn from their own monetary freedom experiments, undertaken only among volunteers and at their own expense and risk only. No one has the right to undertake despotic monetary experiments at the risk and expense of non-consenting victims, especially not any government or presumed monetary authority. - JZ, 21.9.95, 20.3.97. - If you are offered a payment in a private currency unknown to you, the test for its value is simple: Go to the nearest store and ask whether it would be acceptable there, at its face value or at a certain discount. You would not even have to go to a bank or to consult the exchange rates published in a newspaper. – JZ, 9.4.08. – FREE BANKING, MONETRY FREEDOM, VS. CENTRAL BANKING OR MONETARY DESPOTISM

PRIVATE MONEY ISSUES: Such issues would depreciate the value of the state's paper money and must therefore be suppressed.” - A view popular among men of the street and many "expert" economists. - To use an analogy: When a bachelor gets a choice between a beautiful blonde and an ugly duckling, who is he likely to choose? Or when a girl has a choice between a guy coming close to her ideal and a mere jerk, whom is she likely to choose? Now, should the existence of the better choice be blamed for having caused the rejection of the lesser choice? Has the beauty or character involved CAUSED the ugliness or inferiority of the rejected parties? Or has it merely REVEALED them by comparison? - When there is no free choice and ugliness or a bad character or lowly producer is given a monopoly and legal tender power, while beauty, decency and productivity are outlawed, then ugliness etc. are given an artificial legal tender power and monopoly value. That value it would, indeed, lose under freedom. But that kind of loss should be distinguished from a coercive depreciation of something that has value by itself in a free market. The money of monetary freedom does not bring about such a coercive depreciation. It merely brings about competition and choice, free enterprise and free exchange and free value reckoning in a very important sphere, where it was so far suppressed. It would not prevent any State paper money from retaining whatever value it might still be able to retain for its issues e.g., through its tax-foundation. (Not exactly a free market foundation for it, either, but acceptable for this discussion.) When, under freedom, the good money is free to drive out the bad, because all creditors will tend to prefer it and reject the bad money, the situation is the same, as for the rejection of "wall flowers". The creditors do not cause the badness of the bad money. They simply refuse to use it. Just like they would e.g. inferior or untrustworthy shares. Thus government paper money could continue to exist only upon its merits, among those still prepared to accept it. The beautiful boys and girls do not MAKE the others ugly. They do not deface them, even while they might make impolite or satirical and inconsiderate remarks regarding them, which might hurt their feelings. It might also happen that many beautiful partners are only comparable to fool's gold, with beauty only skin deep, and many of the rejected ones might have been or might become the real bargains in these exchanges. Let the buyers and sellers beware, in this market, too. They should look for real values and not just appearances. - Anyhow, good money should not be blamed for the flaws of bad money and the resultant fate of bad money. Consumer sovereignty should be combined with free enterprise and free marketing in this sphere, too. Free markets should not be blamed because people, when free to choose, individually, not merely collectively, tend to prefer real values and would prefer them in this sphere, too. - Let the producers and exchangers decide, with THEIR dollars about the fate of the government paper dollars. And let the voluntary supporters of the government's paper dollars give them whatever value they want to and are able to give them, with their own goods, services and labours. They have no right to subjugate others to their preferred monetary despotism - but only themselves. - When private monies can be freely issued, then state paper money will only be accepted to the extent that it has used tax foundation properly, i.e., it is needed by or useful to subjected taxpayers to rid themselves temporarily of the current tributes imposed upon them, by paying off these extortionists with the extortionists own coins and notes or accounts of them. "Give to Caesar what is Caesar's!" But even then they should insist that the government paper money loose its monopoly as the ONLY permitted means for tax payments and, also, its legal tender character for general circulation. Only the legal tender towards the taxation offices should remain. All taxes, while these tributes or robberies are still allowed to be continued, should be determined in stable value standards and the tax offices should always have to accept tax payments in State paper money at par, even when, on the free market, this paper money would stand considerably below par. - Sooner or later, hopefully, a complete and successful tax strike would also include a refusal to accept any State paper money in any payments, thus rendering the State unable to pay and driving it into liquidation. (Temporarily, its armed hordes, including custom officers, might then have to be paid by the tax strikers themselves, from levies they impose temporarily upon themselves), in order to reduce the risk of armed clashes. In the long run, the free market would provide sufficient jobs for these then unemployed people, at market rates and with purchasing power that would be attractive to most of them, if they are prepared to work harder than they were before, in their State socialist bureaucracies. - J. Z., 6.7.93, 22.4.97, 9.4.08. -  OBJECTIONS AGAINST FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM

PRIVATE MONEY ISSUES: Would they depreciate the government money and should they therefore be outlawed? When and if government money depreciation takes place after private monies have been freely issued, would that be the fault of the private issuers or that of the lack of a sufficient foundation, especially of a sound reflux foundation, apart from tax-foundation, for the government's paper money? If the government paper money lost its monopoly and its legal tender power, i.e. its scarcity and forced value and if, as a result of its over-issues, it were widely refused or extensively discounted, then its tax-foundation demand for it would probably no longer be enough to keep it at par with a sound value standard. Thus it would be accepted, if at all, in general circulation, only at a considerable discount. Should then the sound private currency issues be blamed for this, simply by assuming that the additional and sound money would have depreciated the government money? The question answers itself, once one sees that the competing monies are sound, i.e. they circulate freely at their nominal value, stated in a sound value standard, e.g. a gold weight unit. If the government’s paper money persisted in using its "managed" paper value standard only and if this were actually mismanaged, likewise the quantity of its issues, then who would be to blame for this? Without the money issue monopoly and legal tender power it would not longer be compulsorily “backed” by the goods, services and labour belonging to their owners, who, under the issue monopoly, would have had to accept this money, even if it had no legal tender, as long as it was the only permitted money, if they want to continue monetary exchanges at all. – Under full monetary freedom the government notes would then no longer be, in effect, "requisitioning certificates”, i.e. forced paper money, which should not have been issued in the first place. It would have lost its fiat money and monopoly status, as it should. Should sound private currencies be blamed for this? Government paper money should also lose the status as exclusive means of payment for taxes. For that could also give it a monopoly value. Other sound exchange media should be declared acceptable in tax payment, at their market values, while the great wrong of these tribute levies and compulsory transfer payments and payments for monopolised and over-priced governmental services and also for governmental disservices still continues. Government paper money should come to depend entirely upon its own merits, i.e., upon whatever merits it may be able to retain, e.g., as the subscription currency of a competing government, one that is only exterritorially autonomous and has only voluntary members - namely all those who had subscribed to its package deal of services. - The correct procedure for alternative and competing currencies would be to make them as sound and also abundant as possible, mediating every desired exchange, regardless of the effect or the bad light that this would throw upon the government's paper money, by comparison. Naturally, the government might also apply the “real bills doctrine” to its note issues and use a gold weight unit as a mere clearing and accounting standard. In that case, it could provide some service, at least locally. I doubt that it could do so for a whole large nation. It would not know all its customers well enough to keep its discounting sound and safe. The government's money should be left to its own fate, to survive only upon its own merits and fail upon its flaws. Its issuer, the central bank or the treasury, cannot rightly blame others for its own faults. - Another analogy: Compare the private issue of private shares with the issue of government securities that are issued without value preserving clauses and thus repayable in depreciated legal tender money. Would sound share issues have to be blamed if the price for government securities would fall, reckoned in good value standards? And if they were without value preserving clauses then their value might rise only nominally - when reckoned in depreciated government paper money. - Would the sellers of fresh and sweet apples have to be blamed if someone found it difficult to sell his old and rotting apples? – If the government tried to issue a fully redeemable gold certificate currency, then I for one would object. For to whom does the gold in the government’s possession belong? To politicians, bureaucrats, or their central bank? I for one would want my share of it paid out to me, in gold or redeemable gold certificates and would then withdraw my share by redeeming this certificate. - JZ, n.d., 27.5.97, 11.9.02, 9.4.08, 18.1.14 - QUANTITY THEORY, SOUND VALUE STANDARD RECKONING, FREEDOM TO ISSUE COMPETING PRIVATE CURRENCIES, MONETARY FREEDOM & FREE BANKING VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM & ITS CENTRAL BANKING, INFLATION, DEPRECIATION OF MONEY

PRIVATE PROPERTY: For evidence that private property rather than democracy is the key to prosperity and freedom, I point to India and Hong Kong. In India the electoral franchise is wide and elections have long been regular, but property rights are weak. For most of the post-World War II era, in contrast, Hong Kong had no democracy, but property rights there have been among the strongest the world has ever seen. Indians are poor and shackled by a massively corrupt state; the people of Hong Kong are wealthy and free.” - - March 04,  - PROPERTY RIGHTS, INDIA, HONG KONG

PRIVATE PROPERTY: In this sense, the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property.” – Manifesto of the Communist Party, by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. - In practice the Soviet communists found themselves compelled to make some concessions to private property. They tolerated about 3 % of land in private hands. and this mere 3 % produced about 30 % of the total food produced. - But were the communist rulers and their followers able and willing to learn sufficiently and fast enough from this practical lesson? Even religious spleens still persist in our time, especially in the supposed "land of the free". – Not all people are able and willing to learn from facts and to use their reason rather than false assumptions and conclusions for their positions. – The “creationists” do still “argue” against the evolution theory. - JZ, 24.11.06, 18.1.14. - & COMMUNISM, PRIVATE PROPERTY, RELIGIONS

PRIVATE PROPERTY: Private property is the indispensable protection from the arbitrary will of others, even when this arbitrary will results from a majoritarian election. Private property gives to each of us not only the assurance that others will employ themselves and their resources in ways that create prosperity for all, but also that each of us has a space that others cannot violate.” - March 04, - - Attempts to reduce all individual rights and liberties to property rights does, in my opinion, not create sufficient understanding and clarity on all individual rights and liberties. For instance, it does not teach all property advocates to also stand up clearly for free migration and full monetary freedom. All they could rightly do is exclude certain people from their properties and not make use of monetary freedom themselves. But their stand on property rights is so general that it has not sufficiently enlightened them and the public on the other individual rights and liberties, which should also be fully and clearly stated. It is almost as if they were to try to explain all of arithmetic and other forms of mathematics by merely stating the truism: 2 x 2 comes to 4. – JZ, 18.1.14. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SELF-REPONSIBILITY, SELF-GOVERNANCE, PROPERTY RIGHTS & OTHER INDIVDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PRIVATE PROPERTY: Private property should be encouraged as a necessary balance against the power of the state.” – Dr. Rhodes Boyson: 1985, VII. – Is it a sufficient protection against e.g. taxation or other legalized confiscation? - JZ, 13.2.11. – PROPERTY, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, RESISTANCE, PROTECTION, SELF-DEFENCE, VOLUNTARY TAXATION VS. TAX TRIBUTE LEVIES, VOLUNTARISM VS. COMPULSORY TERRTIORIALISM, STATISM & GOVERNMENTALISM, POWER

PRIVATE PROPERTY: Private property, not democracy, is the great guarantor of prosperity and liberty. And because it decentralizes power, it safeguards us from madmen with utopian hallucinations.” - - March 04, - - Due to many other factors, especially territorialism, taxation and monetary despotism, dictatorships have often been established while a large degree of private property rights was continued. Not even a fundamental right like that to private property, by itself, protects us sufficiently. E.g., really free citizens would arm, train and organize themselves for the protection of their rights or would be free to secede from any government that ignores their individual rights and liberties or protects them insufficiently. The latter is the case for all present governments. – Not one government ha so far managed to clearly declare and uphold all genuine individual rights and liberties, neither have any anarchists and libertarians, to my knowledge. Instead, they remain complacent with such general formulas. - JZ, 13.2.11. – Without free exchange, including full monetary freedom or free banking, and other important rights and liberties, e.g. that to resist, properly armed, trained and organized, property rights are all too limited and cannot sufficiently guaranty prosperity and liberty. Under territorialism madmen can then still come to power and stay in power for all too long. The monopoly power to decide on war and peace, armament, disarmament and international treaties, i.e. the Warfare State remains. Knowledge and appreciation of all individual rights and liberties are needed, as well as a suitable militia for their protection. Merely collectivist territorial “free” voting on the affairs of all others, has never sufficiently protected all individual rights and liberties. On the contrary. It has often infringed all to many of them and has never sufficiently enlightened these voters. The propertarians ignore the other individual rights and liberties all too much. – We have here another case of the insufficiency of single hypotheses compared with multiple hypotheses or theories to understand and explain the facts. - JZ, 18.1.14.  VOTING, DEMOCRACY, TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, PROPERTY RIGHTS, FULL OR PARTLY REALIZED, LEGISLATION & POLICING MONOPOLY COMBINED WITH THE SUPPRESSION OF PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM & OF COMPETING  SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES OF VOLUNTEERS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

PRIVATE PROVISION: Tinkering with the problem may produce short-term palliatives, but no lasting solution. The real solution will come only when we accept the need positively to encourage private provision.” – Hugh Elwell in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Down With the Poor, p.88. – Private solutions need not be encouraged or subsidized but must be free, rather than outlawed by territorial governmental monopolies. - As vague a recommendation is not a good enough substitute for clearly declared economic and other individual human rights. - The right to resist, to engage even in revolutions, to protect or realize individual rights, to secede, to issue money, the right to voluntary instead of compulsory taxation, the right to migrate freely etc. cannot be easily derived from Elwell's phrasing. - Governments do already subsidize all too many private activities and this quite wrongly out of tax funds, i.e. the results of their prior legalized robberies. - JZ, 13.2.11. - SELF-HELP, PRIVATE SECTOR, FREE ENTERPRISE, COMPETITION

PRIVATE RAILWAYS: Railroad entrepreneur James J. Hill even built a transcontinental railroad (the Great Northern) without a dime of government subsidy; New Hampshire and Vermont gave no aid at all to railroads, yet privately built lines crisscrossed the two states; and the Mormons built several privately funded railroads in Utah. After the Illinois debacle of 1837, Chicago went on to become the railroad center of the United States without any government subsidies.” - Thomas J. Dilorenzo, The Real Lincoln, Forum, Prima Publishing, . 2002, p.82.

PRIVATE RELATIONSHIPS: I do not believe that the government should have its long nose poked into the private consensual relationships between people.” – John Anderson, Independent presidential candidate, 1980. - The relationship of all individuals with their governments should also be a matter of a private and individual choice for them. The existence and continuance of territorial governments should not be unconditionally accepted as natural, rightful and acceptable for all. Territorial governments tend to restrict the private spheres more and more, until they have finally become totalitarian governments or total pests. - JZ, 26.11.06. – Much more than nose-poking or surveillance by politicians and bureaucrats is involved. – JZ, 18.1.14. - & THE GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM & PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, COMMUNITIES & GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, LAISSEZ FAIRE, ASSOCIATIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOOM, COMPETITION, CONTRACTARIANISM & SELF-HELP, IN EVERY SPHERE, RESISTANCE, REVOLUTION, LIBERATION VS. TERRITORIALISM & ITS STATISM, MONOPOLISM, COLLECTIVISM & COERCION

PRIVATE ROADS: economist Daniel Klein has shown that privately funded roads proliferated throughout the early nineteenth century. As early as 1800 there were sixty-nine privately financed road-building companies in the United States. Over the next forty years more than 400 private roads (which were called “turnpikes”) were built. (58).” – Thomas J. Dilorenzo, The Real Lincoln, Forum, Prima Publishing, . 2002, p.81. – (58) Daniel B. Klein, “The Voluntary Provision of Public Goods. The Turnpike Companies of Early America”, ECONOMIC INQUIRY, October 1990, p.788-812. – ROADS, TURNPIKES, STREETS

PRIVATE SCHOOLS: It is a negation of ‘freedom of religion” when a State refuses to refund money, via vouchers or remission of taxes, to citizens who consider it part of their religious duty to send their children to parochial schools.” – John Chamberlain, in THE FREEMAN, 8/74. – Not only conventionally religious people have this right. Religious or ideological freedom does also embrace freedom e.g. for atheists to establish schools of their choice and get a corresponding tax refund. – JZ, 12/74, 12.3.08. - EDUCATION

PRIVATE SECTOR: begin moving governmental service and agencies to the private sector, where consumer can voice their satisfaction or dissatisfaction directly, by either supporting or not supporting those agencies.” (*) – Sy Leon, None of the Above, p.66. – (*) Working or investing in them or not. – JZ, 12.3.08. - PUBLIC SECTOR, DENATIONALIZATION, REPRIVATIZATION

PRIVATE SECTOR: It’s the private sector that produces goods and jobs, and a better way of life for all our people. Government can only produce government - and the smaller amount of that produced, the better for all of us. – Robert R. Siegrist, Rotunda, Condor, N.Y., 1977. p.1/2. – VS. PUBLIC SECTOR, GOVERNMENT, CAPITALISM, FREE ENTERPRISE & FREE MARKETS, PRODUCTIVITY, LAISSEZ FAIRE ECONOMICS

PRIVATE SECTOR: The “private sector” of the economy is, in fact, the “voluntary” sector; and ... the “public sector” is, in fact, the “coercive” sector.” - Henry Hazlitt - VS. PUBLIC SECTOR, VOLUNTARISM VS. COERCION & COMPULSION

PRIVATE SECTOR: The more people we keep in the private sector and the fewer we keep in the non-productive public (or government) sector, the wealthier the nation will be.” – Charles Heath, The Goose That Laid The Golden Egg, p.17. - There are many rightful private sectors. I do not know of a single and quite rightful “government sector. - The term does already assume what it has still to prove. -JZ, 13.2.11. - PUBLIC SECTOR.

PRIVATE SECTOR: the private sector provides nearly all the goods used by both the public and the private sectors, and the larger the public sector, the greater the drain on the private sector.” – Ascribed to Mr Balmain, in preamble to Dr Don Aitken’s article in THE NATIONAL TIMES, 9.9.74, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, Dec. 74.

PRIVATE SECTOR: the threat and attacks on the private sector must be eliminated permanently, so that it can plan its future and re-employ workers.” – George Hardy, The Doom of the Welfare Society, p.95. – Especially the taxing of the private sector must be ended and the statist public sector must become confined to its remaining voluntary victims. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PRIVATE SECTOR: We have in the Australian resource industry two distinct sectors – the private sector, which is controlled by government departments and the public sector, which is controlled by no one.” – Lang Hancock, Stopping the Energy Chaos. – If no one were really controlling it, then we could safely ignore it or secede from it. Alas, it is controlled by powerful politicians and their institutions, legalizing their wrongs and with their monopolistic armed forces realizing their wrongful policies. - Armies of politicians and their bureaucrats and turf enforcers do really exist and have rendered most of us relatively helpless. - They are not like invisible “devils” - but much more effective and active than such “demons”. - Too many people are still in denial of the territorial realities. - JZ, 13.2.11. - PUBLIC SECTOR, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, TERRITORIALISM

PRIVATE SPHERE: The only sure way of being free is to have a private sphere into which no-one can penetrate without permission. Private property is the chief but not the sole means by which this independence is secured.” – H. B. Acton, Agenda for a Free Society Objectives. – I hold that the private (or cooperative) sphere should swallow up, gradually, one by one, community by community of volunteers, all public spheres now territorially mismanaged. (So far it was almost always the other way around! - JZ, 13.2.11.) Only those services and institutions should remain that are based upon unanimous consent. Even all kinds of non-territorial statism also for all kinds of statists. – JZ, 5.4.89, 22.2.08, 13.2.11. - Full “privacy” also for all communities and societies of volunteers! – JZ, 22.2.08. – Even full exterritorial autonomy under personal law for all societies and communities of volunteers. Only then can privacy become as complete as some people would desire for their own affairs. In other words, their own public affairs would then be their private affairs. - JZ, 13.2.11. - PANARCHISM, PROPERTY, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM.

PRIVATE VS. PUBLIC SPENDING: When a man spends his own money to buy something for himself, he is very careful about how much he spends and how he spends it. When a man spends his own money to buy something for someone else, he is still very careful about how much he spends, but somewhat less what he spends it on. When a man spends someone else’s money to buy something for himself, he is very careful about what he buys, but doesn’t care at all how much he spends. And when a man spends someone else’s money on someone else, he doesn’t care how much he spends or what he spends it on. And that’s government for you.” – Milton Friedman - Did M. F. clearly enough demand the opposite, in every sphere? - JZ, 13.2.11. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, GOVERNMENT SPENDING

PRIVATIZATION OF GOVERNMENTS: Abolition is required only for the territorialism and compulsory membership of the existing governments. Already the first unrestricted individual secession from any territorial government would, in principle, achieve that. Naturally, most territorial powers would get alarmed once thousands of individuals seceded from them every day. But that very fact would deprive them of the pretence of representation and of possessing a mandate. - JZ, 20.9.04. – Under unrestricted secessionism all governments would become reduced to societies of their remaining voluntary victims. – JZ, 18.1.14. - PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, REPRESENTATION, VOLUNTARISM, MANDATE

PRIVATIZATION: A government contract is called ‘privatization’.” - Michael Cloud, Secrets of Libertarian Persuasion, The Advocates for Self-Government, 2004, - p.211. – This kind of “privatization” does not even go half-way. Nor does it privatize all governmental capital asset and distribute the sales proceeds to the citizens of taxpayers, as suggested e.g. in PEACE PLANS 19 C. – JZ, 30.9.067. – The contracting should be done by individual volunteers, not by governments with some companies or contractors. – JZ, 18.1.14. – We still get too many abuses e.g. when prison services are contracted out. – JZ, 18.1.14. - & GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS OR OUTSOURCING, CONTRACTING OUT

PRIVATIZATION: All proceeds from privatizations should end in the pockets of tax payers rather than politicians and bureaucrats. – JZ, 15.10.93. – PEACE PLANS 19 C.

PRIVATIZATION: Anarchy is the absence of rulers not law. Government is the negation of private property and all rights since it gives some special people the legal right to rob, regulate, torture and murder other people. The market can provide ALL services including roads and security. The market already builds roads, provides currency, arbitration and security. All that is necessary is to privatize everything. Anarchy is the fulfilment of law, the non-aggression principle. Jesus was an anarchist. - Sid Non-Vicious LeRoux – Facebook entry, 24.2.12. -INDIVIDUALIZATION, VOLUNTARIZATION, EXTERRITORIALIZATION, ANARCHISM, FREE MARKETS, LAISSEZ FAIRE, CONTRACTS, FREE CHOICE IN EVERY SPHERE, COMPETITION, PERSONAL LAW, LAW & ORDER, TERRITORIALISM, PUBLIC SERVICES, STATISM

PRIVATIZATION: As mostly understood by politicians it means the government is selling to private people the public property that it holds in trust, i.e., what also belongs, partly, to me – and this without paying me a single cents of the sales proceeds or reducing my taxes correspondingly. – JZ, 14.9.88, 9.4.08. – As usual, governments cannot be trusted with any money they received. – JZ, 18.2.08. – Each citizen should be given his share, at most a brokerage fee should be paid and this rather to a private broker or consortium of private brokers than to the government or any of its bureaucracies. – JZ, 9.4.08.

PRIVATIZATION: Every citizen should get his equal and transferable general share in the remaining national assets. Their convertibility into particular shares issued for each nationalized firm or asset would then introduce a free capital market for these assets and distribute shares in them in accordance with the preferences of the individual holders of the general shares. – JZ, 1990. See: PEACE PLANS No.19C. It deals with comprehensive privatization, combined with panarchism. In Australia it could have turned every inhabitant into a millionaire in capital assets. It is on the disc reproduced at - JZ, 2.4.08, 13.2.11. - DENATIONALIZATION

PRIVATIZATION: If it moves you should privatise it and if it doesn't move you should privatise it, Since everything either moves or doesn't move we should privatise everything." - Walter Block, quoted on Facebook, 28.2.12, by Sukrit Sabhlok

PRIVATIZATION: In “privatized” Russia income tax is going up from 30 % to 50 %. The minimum wage has been increased, inflation runs at 15 to 22 %. - Taxes come up to 128 % of the authorized capital.” – Moscow radio news, 13.12.93. Monetary despotism still persists, i.e. monetary freedom is still outlawed. How would Russia and its former satellites have developed under full monetary and financial freedom and also under panarchism? – With all attempted improvements tried out only among volunteers? – JZ, 15.2.08. – TAXATION, LIBERATION, DENATIONALIZATION, RUSSIA, LIBERATION, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM. Q.

PRIVATIZATION: It's no longer an issue of contention that privatization is a solution. You can always rely on government to make the right decision, but only after it has exhausted every other conceivable alternative." - E. S. Savas, a management professor at Baruch College in New York who advised Giuliani during the campaign. – After 4,000 years of price control attempts our governments have still not learnt their lesson about pricing. – Are they much better informed in any other sphere? – JZ, 18.1.14. - & GOVERNMENT

PRIVATIZATION: Mixed Economy: Marriages between public bureaucrats and private enterprises tend to combine the worst of these two. Here, too, divorce would be the better option and the ordinary citizen and taxpayer should get his share in the formerly nationalized assets. – JZ, 26.9.94, 30.3.08. – MIXED ECONOMY, DENATIONALIZATION, DEMUNICIPALIZATION, FREE ENTERPRISE, SELF-MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES, INCLUDING PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES & EXTENSIVE EMPLOYEE SHAREHOLDING & PARTNERSHIPS

PRIVATIZATION: One general share, in the State’s capital assets, issued to each citizen and child or to each tax payer. Possibly in several convenient denomination or exchangeable into small pieces, 1/5th, 1/10th or even in 1 % of the whole share per person. Representing their personal share in all government assets. Handed out free, apart from a commission charge or claim to be made in the final settlement. Issued in advance of an election, which would determine the trustee to complete the scheme. It could be effectively used as an advertisement for e.g. a libertarian party and lead it to an election victory. The value of these shares to be determined freely on the market. They are to be usable as convertible capital assets only later on, via conversion into shares in particular government assets, at a market-rated conversion price for both. Remaining State socialists could e.g. use their share to buy up State enterprises for their future socialist State or society or community of volunteers. The elected trustee party or coalition of parties is to arrange for the final conversion or these general shares into particular shares in all government assets, at market prices for both, but charging a commission to cover the costs of winning the election and the administration of this scheme. Finally the shares to all former government properties should be in the hands of the citizens or taxpayers, for them to deal with as sensible as they can or want to. – JZ, 12.7.04, 22.10.07. – This project is part of a disc put online at - JZ, 10.3.09. 13.2.11. - GENERAL PRIVATIZATION, GENERAL LIBERTARIAN FINANCE PLAN, PEACE PLANS 19 C

PRIVATIZATION: Privatization that is politically motivated and administrated is not really privatization. It goes only halfway by not paying the real owners but, instead, the politicians and bureaucrats, who had so far badly administrated them. It is almost like a reward for their disservices. The proceeds, like taxes, are spent by them not by us, to be largely wasted by them or used for their purposes. The taxpayers or citizens should get all the sales proceeds, best in form of transferable shares or industrial bonds. – See PEACE PLANS 19 C., online at – JZ, 28.12.85, 30.3.08. 13.2.11.

PRIVATIZATION: Privatization, as it is all too often misunderstood and practised, puts the sales proceeds into the hands of politicians and bureaucrats, i.e., those who had formerly mismanaged them, almost like a reward for their mismanagement, instead of into the hands of taxpayers and other citizens, the nominal owners of national assets, who can then only hope for better services from the then privately run enterprises. Moreover politicians and bureaucrats, as exclusive negotiators on one side, are unlikely to get the best prices for them. Rather give each citizen his share in transferable capital certificates and let them hang on to them, to become gradually more valuable, under better management or let them sell them for what they can get for them on a free capital market. – JZ, 4.11.91, 30.3.08.


PRIVATIZATION: Privatize governments! – JZ, 11.9.93. - Privatize governments, too! – JZ, 23.12.93. – Leave only communities of volunteers, under personal laws or exterritorial autonomy, peacefully coexisting and competing. – JZ, 15.2.08. - PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, LIBERATION, POLYARCHISM

PRIVATIZATION: The job of returning economic resources to the states and to the people will be extremely difficult – perhaps impossible.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.147. – Why should they be returned to States and local governments instead of to the citizens? How it could be done, easily and efficiently, by a libertarian party, has been shown in PEACE PLANS 19 C. online at. – Only to do this through a territorial government is difficult to do. It is like asking the Mafia to abolish crime. - JZ, 2.10.07. 

PRIVATIZATION: The politician privatizing want to have the cake and eat it, too. They are, usually, not prepared to give us our share, in transferable certificates or at least in corresponding tax reductions. If anybody else acted like that one would call it embezzlement or fraud. – It wasn’t they who financed the national assets still remaining, but we, the tax-payer victims did. – Huge territories were simply claimed by territorial governments as their possession, expropriating the natives and in our times withholding the properties from us, although they claim that they could and do represent us. - JZ, 17.11.87, 22.2.08, 13.2.11, 181.14. – DENATIONALIZATION, SALE OF GOVERNMENT ASSETS.

PRIVATIZATION: The real issue is not so much public vs. private; it is monopoly vs. competition.” – E. W. Savas, quoted in “1985 Editorial Research Report”, p.562.

PRIVATIZATION: While privatization is much better than nationalization, should we allow that the price for the national assets, all supposedly held in our name, goes to politicians and bureaucrats, as if they had been the proper owners of them? Should we, as members of the nation have to pay a price for shares in national assets or shall we demand our own shares in our own share certificates? At most a brokerage charge should be paid by us and even with this I would not trust most politician or bureaucrat. – JZ, 1.9.97, 30.3.08. – A libertarian party might win with such a program and then act as the broker for this kind of privatization of all national and State  as well as local government assets. – JZ, 18.1.14. - REPRIVATIZATION, DENATIONALIZATION, ONE FORM IS DESCRIBED IN PEACE PLANS 19C.

PRIVATIZATION: Why should the government be paid, out of the sales proceeds, for losing its chance to further mismanage public enterprises? Why should not the tax payers and State subjects get their shares back of what remains of this forced “investment” in national enterprises and losses due (to their monopolies), in form of freely distributed general shares in all of these asssets? Paying the politicians and their bureaucrats for finally discontinuing the public monopolies and exploitation amounts to paying blackmail to them or to terrorists or to a Mafia type protection racket. – They will mismanage and waste the proceeds just like they did mismanage the nationalized enterprises before. – Privatization goes only half-way when the sales proceeds remain in their dirty hands to be used at their discretion. - JZ, 12.2.86, 2.4.08, 18.1.14.

PRIVATIZE GOVERNMENTS: Privatize, cooperatise, voluntarise governments and, especially, deprive them of their territorial monopolies and powers to impose unasked-for services and disservices upon dissenters and to charge for them via compulsory taxation. This means, among other things, that individual sovereignty and individual secessionism ought to be realized and that every secessionist has the right to a pay-out of his share in the remaining public assets, not in cash but in the form of transferable securities. The sooner this kind of privatization is undertaken, the higher the individual share would be. For several years now governments have “privatized” many of their assets but have not handed over the proceeds to their individual taxpayers and subjects but, rather, retained them for the benefit politicians and bureaucrats, and their schemes, so that they can increase or continue their spending sprees. In a few more years much to all of the sales proceeds from these assets will thus be wrongfully wasted. – JZ, 27.10.98, 9.1.99. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, FREE ENTERPRISE, COMPETITION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TOLERANCE FOR TOLERANT PEOPLE IN EVERY SPHERE, VOLUNTARISM, LAISSSEZ FAIRE, EXPROPRIATION OF THE PUBLIC BUREAUCRACY

PRIVATIZE GOVERNMENTS: Reduce them to ruling over voluntary subjects and taxpayers only. Do not give them any territorial monopoly or any exclusive sovereign powers except those fully approved by ALL their voluntary members, who would have to remain individually free to secede from them. Let them try to function only under exterritorial autonomy and personal laws, in free competition with each other and with other societies and service organizations. - JZ, 7.9.89, 18.1.14.

PRIVATIZING OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR: That ultimate goal is the dissolution of the State into the social organism, the privatizing of the public sector.” – Murray N. Rothbard, in Outside Looking In, p.74. – For a comprehensive and attractive plan for this see PEACE PLANS 19 C, online at – JZ, 12.3.08, 13.2.11. - In Australia, a few years ago, it could have brought every Australian citizen ca. 1 million dollars worth of transferable capital certificates, safer in their hands than in those of governments. However, the local State socialists could have combined their shares and run their own State socialist society or societies with them. – JZ, 12.3.08. – But then they would no longer have any territorial monopoly. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PRIVILEGES: a privilege denotes a special power, favor or advantage granted by law to one individual or group, conferring particular rights upon the recipient to his benefit and to the concurrent detriment of others in society. Unlike a fundamental right, the existence of which benefits not only the holder but also all others in society, a privilege favors one and demeans another, all backed by the coercion of the state.” – Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 11/73. – MONOPOLIES, PROTECTIONISM, SUBSIDIES

PRIVILEGES: a privilege takes from one and gives to another by force and thereby wholly depends on the law for its sanction.” – Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 11/73.

PRIVILEGES: And let us not ignore the fact that, whenever special privilege is granted to a person or group, the freedom of others is correspondingly restricted – that is coercion!” – Admiral Ben Moreell, THE FREEMAN, 4/75, also in The Admiral’s Log I, p.25. – It would not be coercion if it is a personal law community of like-minded volunteers. – JZ, 12.3.08, 18.1.14. - SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS, PRESSURE GROUPS, LOBBIES, VOLUNTARISM

PRIVILEGES: As such writers as Louis Hartz and Daniel Bell have tirelessly insisted, an America free of privilege, title, and oppression meant an America free of class war and rebellion. An America, where each man was a citizen and no man a subject, was a country immune equally to oppression and to revolution, to ideology and to counter-ideology.” – B. R. Barber, Superman and Common Man, p.100. – However, they, too, wanted to continue the territorial privilege and coercion and did not favour, to my knowledge, individual and group secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, although what they aimed at could only be achieved in this way. – JZ, 12.3.08. - Its worst war, the Civil War, was fought to suppress even territorial secession, not to speak of exterritorial and individual secessionism and free associationism under personal law. - Territorialism combines all wrongful privileges. - JZ, 13.2.11, 18.1.14. – LIMITED BUT STILL TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM

PRIVILEGES: But if freedom is to live, all special privileges must go.” – Ben Moreell, THE FREEMAN. 4/75. – Especially all territorial privileges. Those among volunteers only, at their expense and risk, should be the only ones remaining. - JZ, 12.3.08, 18.1.14. – VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, TERRITORIALISM

PRIVILEGES: But when a section of the citizens is favored and another one is neglected, then the worst corrupting evil is introduced in the community, factionalism and discord.” – Cicero, De officiis, I, 25. – JZ tr. of the German version: “Wer aber einen Teil der Buerger beguenstigt und einen anderen vernachlaessigt, schleppt das verderblichste Uebel in ein Gemeinwesen ein: Spaltung und Zwietracht.” – All these difficulties in the past and present should teach people to live legally separated from each other, under their own personal law and institutions, in accordance with their own different ideals, beliefs and traditions. – JZ, 22.7.86, 2.4.08. - The different interests of individuals do already exist. To that extent a single territorial entity or community of interests of volunteers does not. The attempt to territorially unify them, combined with privileges for some at the expense of others, is what causes the trouble. If there were no compulsory unification and every section of the population could, exterritorially, under its own personal law, manage its own affairs, quite independently, then further schisms would not occur nor would faction strife. On that basis they could even federate, but their federations should not be exclusive and territorial ones, either, but quite voluntary ones – down to individuals, free to secede and re-associate otherwise. – JZ, 2.4.08. – PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

PRIVILEGES: Could somebody please answer the unanswerable question? Why does privilege have anything to do with government. (*) They seem to spend a considerable amount of their waking hours legislating privileges for people.” - John Laws, Book of Uncommon Sense, PAN, 1995, p.118. - Privileges for some people only, all at the expense of the other people, i.e., wrongs and disadvantages for all the other people. Why do the victims put up with this and still continue to vote for political candidates? – JZ, 19.9.07. - (*) Territorial governments are all already built upon the extreme and large privilege of exclusive territorial powers. From this position all the other privileges, granted by it, are merely minor steps of further suppressing rights and liberties. – JZ, 19.9.07. - GOVERNMENT & LAW, TERRITORIALISM, Q.

PRIVILEGES: Each to have as many privileges as he wants to have and as are granted to him by his own voluntary followers and at his and their expense and risk. – JZ, nd., in Pan AZ. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW

PRIVILEGES: Eliminate all laws which create privileges by laying down a pseudo-general rule, then making exceptions to it for certain kinds of people, more notably, government officers and employees.” – Pyrrho, THE CONNECTION 133 p.18. – LAWS, POLITICIANS, REPRESENTATION, PARLIAMENTS, GOVERNMENTS, STATES, TERRITORIALISM, CHOICE, INDIVIDUALISM, STATISM, ECONOMICS. TERRITORIALISM

PRIVILEGES: Every legal privilege is a denial of opportunity for others.” – Peter Samuels, 6.8.77. - Do the Pope’s privileges among Catholics infringe the rights or Protestants, Hindus, Muslims, Atheists etc.? – But then he practises them not territorially but only exterritorially among his volunteers. – All governments should be similarly confined. No territorial privileges to anyone! – Even freedom lovers like Peter Samuel take territorialism too much for granted. - JZ, 12.3.08. – PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, POLYARCHY OR PANARCHISM FOR VOLUNTEERS VS. TERRITORIALISM

PRIVILEGES: every pressure group in the nation will fight to retain its subsidies, monopoly privileges and protection. But if freedom is to live, all special privileges must go.” – Ben Moreell, Log I, p.115. – Compare also the very similar remark on page 22. - But all groups should get the “privilege”, right or freedom to become exterritorially autonomous for all their volunteers, at their own expense and risk. Then each group would also be free to secede from all the existing privileges of others. Within their societies of volunteers they could still practice as many privileges as its members would be prepared to put up with. In the long run this would, naturally, also lead to the abolition of most privileges, except those freely granted to very much respected persons - by their admirers and followers. – JZ, 12.3.08, 18.1.14.

PRIVILEGES: Every privilege stems from government.” – Wm. W. Fox, GOOD GOVERNMENT, 2/75. – Voluntary communities can grant some of their members privileges, offices or functions as well, as many or as few, as permanent or as temporary as they please. – JZ, 22.4.08.

PRIVILEGES: Every type of political power presupposes some form of human slavery, for the maintenance of which it is called into being. Just as outwardly – that is, in relation to other States – the State has to create certain artificial antagonisms in order to justify its existence, so also internally the cleavage of society into castes, ranks, and classes is an essential condition of its continuance. The State is capable only of protecting old privileges and creating new ones; in that, its whole significance is exhausted.” – Rudolf Rocker, Anarcho-Syndicalism, 1938. - That, too, applies only to territorial States. It does not apply to the political power within exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, with, in extreme cases, voluntary slaves. – But these slaves would be free to secede at any time, when they finally get sick of their condition. – JZ, 12.3.08.

PRIVILEGES: First, let us stop this headlong rush toward more collectivism. Let there be no more special privileges for employers, employees, farmers, businessmen or any other group of persons. Let there be no enlargement of the area of socialism. That is the easiest step of all. We need merely refrain from passing additional socialistic laws!” – Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I, p.22. Also in THE FREEMAN, 4/75. - State socialist measures and laws for others than their voluntary supporters! – Other socialists and other ideologues also to become free to do their own things for or to themselves. - JZ, 12.3.08. – COERCIVE & MONOPOLISTIC COLLECTIVISM, STATE SOCIALISM, WELFARE STATES, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, COMPETITION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT & ASSOCIATION & LAISSEZ FAIRE IN EVERY SPHERE

PRIVILEGES: For a man who can command another man’s labour and self-denial for the support of his own existence is a privileged person of the highest species conceivable on earth.” – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.15. – WELFARE STATE, HANDOUTS, UNDERPRIVILEGED, POOR, POVERTY

PRIVILEGES: Freedom makes level, while privilege heaps up; and after such heaping up there always follows a collapse. No, the Revolution will come to an end only when all have obtained justice – not before.” – Erckmann-Chatrian, The Story of a Peasant, II, p.272. – REVOLUTION, FREEDOM, JUSTICE

PRIVILEGES: From the Latin privi, private, and lege, law. An advantage granted by the State and protected by its powers of coercion. A law for private benefit.” – Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.71. - All laws should only be for the private benefits of volunteers, who have them as their personal laws, under full exterritorial autonomy. – JZ, 12.3.08. – PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, LAISSEZ FAIRE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PRIVILEGES: Fulton voiced the sentiments of all anarchists when he maintained that “Privilege cannot exist without government, nor can government exist without creating special privileges in diverse and sundry forms.” The beginning of human freedom, therefore, can only be established when the state is put asunder.” – Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.194, on Edward H. Fulton. - We should allow it to be continued, exterritorially, at the expense and risk of its remaining volunteers, while we and others would also do our own things, under our own personal law systems. - That would minimize the resistance of the statists. - JZ, 13.2.11. – VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM, PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM

PRIVILEGES: I was told that the Privileged and the People formed Two Nations.” – Benjamin Disraeli, Sybil, Bk. iv, ch.8. – If only they were quite free to do so, which would require exterritorial autonomy for both of them. Both, an oppressive and exploitative class, even when it claims to be a representative one, is not an independent nation, nor are those classes, who are oppressed and exploited by the ruling class an independent nation. - Both classes claim territorial privileges. Both claim popular support. Let them separate, via individual free choices. The separatists or secessionists would then no longer be victims of privileges they do not wish to support. Within the community of the formerly privileged groups all would then be privileged. And among the other peoples, opposed to all privileges, no one would be privileged in their communities and societies of volunteers. For most of the secessionists could then and are likely to associate again, voluntarily, in their own kind of societies and communities, all without a territorial privilege. With this separation, and voluntary associations both exploitation and privileges are likely to disappear, unless they are individually granted and then only as long as this consensus continues in communities of volunteers. - Unless, of course, some people are foolish enough to grant some people in their communities some all too long-lasting privileges, like "we" do nowadays, collectively, having no other choice in territorial democracies, “give” privileges to politicians, bureaucrats and monopolists. - JZ, 12.11.82, 5.4.89, 8.4.89, 22.2.08, 9.4.08, 13.2.11. – Two Nations? If only that were the case! Under exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers that would be rightful and possible. But under territorialism it merely means that the privileged part of one population dominates the other part of the population. – JZ, n.d. & 12.3.08, 13.2.11. - PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, MONOPOLIES, PEOPLE

PRIVILEGES: In a free state every man is held and expected to take care of himself and his family, to make no trouble for his neighbor, and to contribute his full share to public interests and common necessities. (*) He does not thereby acquire rights against others. On the contrary, he only accumulates obligations towards them; and if he is allowed to make his deficiencies a ground of new clams, he passes over into the position of a privileged or petted person – emancipated from duties, endowed with claims. This is the inevitable result of combining democratic political theories with humanitarian social theories.” – William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.35. - RIGHTS, CLAIMS, OBLIGATIONS, DUTIES, WELFARE STATES – (*) ? – JZ

PRIVILEGES: It is easier to seize wealth than to produce it; and as long as the State makes the seizure of wealth a matter of legalized privilege, so long will the squabble for the privilege go on.” - Albert J. Nock. - It is only easier when it is “defended” by the territorial State. – JZ, 12.3.08, 13.2.11. - WEALTH, STATE, PROTECTION, PROPERTY RIGHTS & PARTY POLICICS,  ELECTIONS, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITY DESPOTISM

PRIVILEGES: It is impossible to convince a ruling and privileged class that its privileges are unjustified and that they should cease maintaining them. One can sometimes convince individuals, however rarely, but never whole groups.” – Nehru. – (JZ tr. of the German version: “Es ist unmoeglich, eine herrschende Gruppe davon zu ueberzeugen, dass ihre Privilegien ungerechtfertigt sind und dass sie davon ablassen muessen. - Individuen kann man manchmal, wenn auch selten, ueberzeugen, ganze Gruppen niemals.) – Secessions of all the various dissenters from a territorial government, with all of them striving only for exterritorial autonomy for themselves, while respecting the exterritorial autonomy of all the other minorities and that of the remaining ruling class or majority, should be, by their very nature, much easier to achieve than any attempt to replace the existing territorial regime by another one, in which, most likely, one or the other group would again become dominant over all others. There are no unbreakable barriers against sound ideas, especially if they are persistently and soundly presented with modern means and if they offer the chance for all productive and creative people to get their ideals realized at least among themselves. - Does one have to convince the privileged opponents once one is finally free to secede from them? Let the privileged try to maintain all their privileges only among the privileged, all only at their own risk and expense. That will teach them, if anything can. Seeing it is hopeless to try to convince them, let us all withdraw from them, their system, their laws, their institutions, non-violently, as far as possible, forcefully as far as necessary. - Imagine a comprehensive tax strike in which the strikers paid the government troops and policemen and also organized a refusal to accept any government legal tender paper money notes and created their own kind of exchange media, with sound value standards instead. How could the privileged go on operating then? – JZ, 24.2.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHY, SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW

PRIVILEGES: It should come as a surprise to no one that Washington is deeply entangled in the business of granting special favors to influential and strategically positioned business leaders, corporations, and financial institutions. The result has been the gradual creation of two different types of business enterprise: those in what economist Walter Grinder calls the “protected sector” and those who rather than being aided are exploited in the “competitive sector”. …” - McBride, A New Dawn, p.49. - CORPORATIONS, PUBLIC SECTOR, PRIVATE SECTOR, WELFARE & SUBSIDIES OR BAILOUTS FOR THE RICH AS WELL AS THE POOR – TENDS TO IMPOVERISH ALL, PROTECTIONISM VS. COMPETITION, FREE TRADE, FREEDOM OF EXCHANGE, CONTRACT, EXPERIMENTATION & ASSOCIATION, IN EVERY SPHERE, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS

PRIVILEGES: Let all those, who want to give special privileges and rewards to special interest groups or achievers or aristocrats, gurus, actors, singers, inventors etc., give them as much as they like, from their own properties, incomes, services, their own time, labor and energies, their rights and their liberties, but not anything from ours. – Allow us and them exterritorial autonomy within volunteer groups. Then they can grant or receive all the privileges they want and we all the rights and liberties we want for ourselves. - To each his own choices, at the own risk and expense. - JZ, n.d. & 14.1.93, 18.1.14. - As Schiller said on some of the best people: They pay with what they are not with what they give. – As long as their supporters are satisfied, who would have a genuine right to complain? – E.g. the riches which popular singers, actors and sportsmen and sports teams can accumulate. - JZ, n.d., & 20.2.08, 18.1.14.

PRIVILEGES: No special privilege for anyone.” – Leonard E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, p.56. – Also in his “ABC’s of Freedom”. - Unless it is only established among volunteers in their own communities. – JZ, 12.3.08.

PRIVILEGES: Oppose all forms of exploitation, privileges and monopolies … Everyone is opposed to the privileges of someone else.” – George Hardy, in PROGRESS, 2/78. - Are all people already opposed to all territorial and legalized privileges? It is hardly good enough to oppose some privileges, uphold others and try to gain some for oneself - except among volunteers, doing their own things - exterritorially. - JZ, 13.2.11. – VOLUNTARISM, ASSOCIALTIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL DISSENTERS

PRIVILEGES: Slaves have created tyrants, foolishness and selfishness have established privileges and weakness and passion do make both permanent.” – Seume, Spaziergang nach Syrakus. Einleitung. – JZ tr. of: “Die Sklaven haben Tyrannen gemacht, der Bloedsinn und der Eigennutz haben die Privilegien erschaffen, und Schwachheit und Leidenschaft verewigen beides.“ - Was it not, mostly, the other way around? - Unfortunately, both, the tyrants and their voluntary and involuntary subjects, are still territorialists. - JZ, 13.2.11. – TERRITORIALISM, TYRANNY, „FOR EVERY TYRANT A THOUSAND READY SLAVES!“

PRIVILEGES: The community is eternally divided: Every group is attempting to gain a privilege at the expense of all the citizens. – JZ, free after Roger Court, 20.10.76. – This happens inevitably under territorialism. Under it genuine communities do not exist but only diverse and forever squabbling groups, sometimes merely arguing and trying to take legal advantages of the others, sometimes fighting or radically suppressing the opposition forces,  sometimes even mass-murdering them. - Under exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers each such community would and could only do its own things for and to its own members under peaceful coexistence, with each striving to realize its own ideals among its volunteers. – JZ, 12.3.08, 13.2.11. – It could become a peaceful but competitive Olympic competition  to try to realized and prove the best kinds of societies, communities and governance systems. – JZ, 18.1.14. - COMMUNITIES, PRESSURE GROUPS, FREE COMPETITION UNDER PERSONAL LAW & MUTUAL TOTLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL VS. COERCIVE TERRITORIALISM

PRIVILEGES: The government hands out the privileges, and the taxpayers pay for them.” - From a 1976 introduction to the Workers Party. – TAXATION

PRIVILEGES: The greatest enemy of rights is privilege. – JZ tr. of: “Der groesste Feind des Rechtes ist das Vorrecht.“ – Marie von Ebner Eschenbach, Aphorismen. – INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PRIVILEGES: The individual who stands for even one special privilege endorses the principle of coercive exploitation; by his actions he declares that living off others is morally admissible. – The way to test the validity of this coercive exploitation is to assume its unanimous practice. It becomes obvious then that everyone would perish! Parasites die in the absence of a host.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.47. Unless it is only established among volunteers in their own communities. – The Roman Catholic Church is by now also only a voluntary community for its own faithful and most of them want their Pope to retain his privileges. – Read did not explore all voluntary alternatives, blinded – towards them - by his supposed ideal of a “limited’ but still territorial government. - JZ, 12.3.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, LIMITED BUT STILL TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT

PRIVILEGES: the natural right is of a higher order than a privilege. A privilege is special permission granted by the holder of natural rights, to someone who has no rights in that given case. The right to the energy or property of the owner remains with him.” – Robert LeFevre, NEW LIBERTARIAN, Aug. 85, No. 15, p.14. - NATURAL RIGHTS, NATURAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PRIVILEGES: The only ways a government can turn us into millionaires is either by inflation or by special privileges at the expense of our fellow citizens. – If we became millionaires by the proper and capitalistic redistribution of all public capital assets (in form of transferable shares), those assets now mismanaged by territorial governments, we would merely get what is rightfully ours anyhow, rather than the property of politicians and bureaucrats. – JZ, 12.3.08.

PRIVILEGES: The privileges of a few do not make common law.” - St. Jerome, Exposition on Jona. - VS. COMMON LAW

PRIVILEGES: The State sells privilege, which is nothing but an economic advantage gained by some at the expense of others. In olden times, the privileged group were a land-owning class, who furnished military support for political power, or a mercantilist group, who contributed to the imperial coffers out of their politically generated monopoly profits; with the advent of popular suffrage, making political preferment dependent on wider favor, the business of bribery had to be extended, and so came the subsidization of farmers, tenants, the aged, users of electric power, and so on, Their vested interest in the State makes them amenable to its purposes.” – Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.148. – WELFARE STATES BRIBE THEIR VICTIMS WITH THEIR OWN MONEY. VOLUNTARY INSURANCE & CREDIT ARRANGEMENTS ARE QUITE ANOTHER MATTER

PRIVILEGES: The Workers Party believes in freedom in economics and freedom in social affairs. We therefore believe in free trade and a free market, whether on the scale practised in the alternative society of Nimbin, or in the city of Sydney (but we do not believe in the system of privilege that currently exists and is commonly called free enterprise.)” – From a 1976 introduction to the Workers Party.

PRIVILEGES: Thus we see around us the growth of group fighting group, black fighting white, employer fighting employee, - and the growth of envy, suspiciousness, hatred and greed. The WP answer to this dilemma is to get the government out of the business of handing out privileges, both to business and otherwise.” – From 1976 introduction to the Workers Party.

PRIVILEGES: What men value in this world is not rights but privileges.” – H. L. Mencken, Minority Report. – Although this is largely true, still today, must it really be always so? – We have not yet found out how attractive and effective e.g. a complete declaration of all individual rights and liberties could become – if we bothered to compile it. – Nor have we fully developed all the other potential tools for accelerating the process of enlightenment. What we still see, everywhere, is ignorance, error and prejudice in action. - JZ, 23.3.08. - MONOPOLIES, RIGHTS LIBERTIES, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM OR PANARCHISM FOR ALL, NEW DRAFT, IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTRIAN LIBRARY, ABSTRACTS, REVIEWS, INDEXES, BIBLIOGRAPHIES, ENCYCLOPEDIAS, ENLIGHTENMENT,

PRIVILEGES: Where there is privilege there even the Almighty cannot create a heaven – and humans intend to establish a reasonable State upon them!” - Johann Gottfried Seume

PRIZE MONEY FOR TYRANNICIDE & THE DESTRUCTION OF ABC MASS MURDER DEVICES: Prize funds should be publicly collected and prizes should be publicly offered for the execution, after the expiry of an amnesty period, of anyone having his fingers on an ABC mass murder device, ready to be used and who has been outlawed by a fair public trials or by a referendum among the people he has threatened or victimized in the past and who are no longer under his domination, apart from the threat which he constitutes for them, with the mass murder devices under his control. - An amnesty period should be offered even to these top criminals, during which they can surrender themselves. One might even consider awarding the prize money to them, in these cases. To forcefully overthrow them would risk or cost much more, in lives and money. - The prize money should be doubled, as Sir Thomas Moore suggested in his "Utopia", if they are caught, kept alive and surrendered to an international court. However, if they themselves destroyed or surrendered at least one mass extermination device, then, even after the expiry of the amnesty period, they should still be granted amnesty, asylum, protection and support in anonymity somewhere in the world. - Before such a settlement: Their executioners should not be treated as assassins but as heroes and liberators and given protection and support, also anonymity, if they should need it. - Prizes should also be offered to anyone else handing over a mass murder device or an important captive member of a despotic regime, as well as to anyone who successfully destroyed or sabotaged at least one mass murder device. - Let us open such subscription funds. Altogether they might cost us less than a day or a week of conventional or "modern and scientific" warfare with "advanced" weapons. - See: AMNESTY, ASYLUM, DECLARATIONS, DESERTION, DEFENCE, DISARMAMENT, ENEMY, JIU JITSU, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, PUBLICITY, TYRANNICIDE, WAR AIMS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - Revised here: 13.2.11.

PROBABILITY: A reasonable probability is the only certainty.” – Edgar Watson HOWE. – CERTAINTY

PROBLEMS: A problem is a chance for you to do your best.” – Duke Ellington. – The great problems created by territorialism cannot be solved by individuals until individuals are quite free to secede from territorial States and also quite free to do their own things exterritorially. But for numerous minor problems D. E. was quite right. - JZ, 13.2.11. - SOLUTIONS, IDEAS, CREATIVENESS, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW OR EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS VS. TERRITORIALISM

PROBLEMS: A problem well stated is a problem half solved.” – Charles.F. Kettering. - Compare: "Each problem is only a solution in disguise." and: "A well put question almost answers itself." (*) Also: Split great problems into all their many parts and then tackle these parts - at first separately and then in combination. - Use "argument mapping" whenever possible, to stay on the right track and to take every factor, argument and idea into consideration. - JZ 25. 11. 06. - (*) However, people confronted with the problems of e.g. monetary despotism or territorialism, do not, usually, if at all, arrive at the solution: full monetary freedom and full exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. - JZ, 13.2.11. - TURNING PROBLEMS INTO SOLUTIONS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION OR CONTRIBUTION SCHEMES VS. TAX SLAVERY

PROBLEMS: All problems are firstly and ultimately individual problems. Thus they should always lead to the question: Are individuals free to try alternatives, at their expense and risk? – JZ, 5.8.92. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM, Q., PANARCHISM

PROBLEMS: Ever notice that so many of today’s economic problems are yesterday’s solutions?” – Arnold Glasow, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 2/83, p.168. - More accurately: the consequences of yesterday’s supposed solutions, usually statist and territorial ones that, like all others, do not work as expected or hoped for. – JZ, 12.3.08.

PROBLEMS: Every problem is an opportunity in disguise. Every opportunity …” - Michael C. Kohn, motto of a SF story. Date, title and publication, unfortunately, not noted by me. – I believe this saying belongs already to proverbial wisdom. – JZ, 12.3.08, 18.1.14. - Alas, territorialism does not leave us enough options to reverse the trends and problems of territorialism by free and radical individual actions and associations. To become able to secede, if possible at all, under territorialism, we might have to educate and resist as far as we are still able to do this, for decades. And in the meantime the territorialists might have passed another few thousand repressive laws, each needing, under territorialism, long struggles to become repealed again. Territorialism largely ignores the exterritorial alternatives in the minds of most people, even if they are freedom-loving scholars. - JZ, 13.2.11. – And this in spite of the fact that it constitutes the rightful and rational part of politics, while territorialism constitutions the wrongful and irrational part. – A kind of atheism against the faith of territorialism and its statism and leadership by power addicts and power-mad people is involved. - JZ, 18.1.14. – LEADERSHIP, GOD COMPLEX OF RULERS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICAL SCIENCE, ITS RIGHTFUL & RATIONAL PART STILL LARGELY IGNORED, WHILE ITS WRONGFUL, IRRATIONAL & HARMFUL PART STILL DOMINATES IN MOST MINDS

PROBLEMS: Every problem must contain within it the seeds of its own solution.” – Robert Sheckley, Dimension of Miracles, p.57. – If crime is a problem for most non-criminal people, can they console themselves with this thought? It would work only if all murderers murdered only other murderers, all thieves stole only from other thieves. - Only by a radical contradiction to or criticism of territorialism does one arrive at the exterritorialist freedom and rights options. But territorialism does not act as a fertile soil for the ideas or seeds of exterritorialism. Too many people take it simply for granted, as quite justified, rational and the only realistic option. - JZ, 13.2.11. - SOLUTIONS, TERRITORIALISM, VS. INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

PROBLEMS: For real solution you have to ignore territorial governments, most of their experts and most of public opinion and have to rethink your own fundamental premises and principles and become open-minded too all freedom solutions. – JZ, 1.6.03. – Also to all others solution-proposals, as long as they are tolerantly practised, i.e., among volunteers only. – JZ, 18.10.07. - & THEIR SOLUTION, TOLERANCE, FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, CONTRACT & SECESSION

PROBLEMS: Freedom isn’t the problem. Control is the problem.” - John Barnes, Between Shepherds & Kings, in: Brad Linaweaver & Edward E. Kramer, eds., Free Space, Tom Doherty Associates Book, New York,, 1998, p.341. - FREEDOM VS. CONTROLS, TERRITORIALISM

PROBLEMS: Government does not solve problems. It subsidizes them." - Ronald Reagan - SOLUTIONS, SUBSIDIES, GOVERNMENT SPENDING

PROBLEMS: Government is not the solution, but rather the cause of our problems.” – Ronald Reagan & GOVERNMENTAL "SOLUTIONS", TERRITORIALISM

PROBLEMS: Governments tend not to solve problems, only rearrange them.” - Ronald Reagan – However, all such thoughts did not induce him to resign or to advocate individual and group secessionism and personal law alternatives. – JZ, 18.1.14. - & GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM & ITS “SOLUTIONS”


PROBLEMS: Here is a fact that should help you to fight a bit longer: Things that don’t actually kill you outright make you stronger.” – Piet Hein, in “Maxim for Vikings”. Quoted in READER’S DIGEST, April 1967. – I rather hold that every sickness or wound makes you a bit weaker and shortens your life. But I cannot prove this, either. – JZ, 12.3.08. (There were only hints that the amount of stress that anyone can survive is limited. – JZ, 18.1.14.) What he said is only partly true. E.g., babies need to be in touch with some dirt - in order to develop their immune system. Before that is developed a contact with some microbes or viruses could kill them easily. – Some dirt, not all kinds of dirt, does thus act as a natural vaccination for them. That does not, naturally, justify putting all kinds of poisons into vaccinations and hoping or expecting that they would never do any harm. – JZ, 18.1.14. - TERRITORIALISM DOES NOT MAKE US STRONGER! ON THE CONTRARY! - JZ, 13.2.11. – IMMUNITY, VACCINATIONS

PROBLEMS: Hill built his Great Northern without subsidy or grant. He built well, too, for when roads around him were bankrupting and going into receivership, he was prospering. – Hill lived to witness the railroads beginning to become the plaything of politicians and the bête noir of muckrakers. It saddened him, for he had seen with his own eyes the miracle wrought in the land by dependable and cheap transportation. He contributed much to this development, and was ever surprised if anyone thought that he had sought anything but the good of his fellow man – as well as his own good. – Hill’s charitable contributions were legion, but he gave as much care in selecting those to whom he would give as to the routes over which his rails would pass. … The story of James J. Hill is inspiration and confirmation for those who believe that the way to solve problems is to allow freedom for men of vision and energy to work on them. A wide reading of this book should increase their tribe.” – Clarence B. Carson in his review of Albro Martin, James J. Hill and the Opening of the Northwest, in THE FREEMAN, July 77, p.446. - SOLUTIONS, PIONEERS, FREEDOM FOR PROBLEM SOLVERS, INITIATIVE, FREE ENTERPRISE, RAILWAY PIONEERS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, “RELEASE ALL CREATIVE ENERGIES!” – Leonard E. Read

PROBLEMS: If you are not part of the solution then you are part of the problem.” – Rev. Ted Noffs – SOLUTIONS

PROBLEMS: If you find a good solution and become attached to it, the solution may become your next problem. – I experienced that for decades with my libertarian microfiche publishing efforts. But mainly it applies, I believe, to the “solutions” and “programs” that governments adopt. – JZ, 5.1.07. - & SOLUTIONS

PROBLEMS: In every single country where the government has tried to solve every single problem, it becomes a threat to a free society.” – Treasury Secretary William Simon. – The territorial government itself is the greatest problem. – JZ, 27.3.80, 14.2.11. – GOVERNMENT, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROBLEMS: It’s easy to answer the ultimate questions – it saves you bothering with the immediate ones.” – John Dillon, b. 1929, George, Epitaph for George Dillon, A. Andrews Quotations, p.4. - Most people do not even try to tackle the large problems. They are too busy with the relatively trivial day-to-day problems and living. The solutions found by thinkers on the big problems have not yet been sufficiently brought together, e.g. in a digital freedom library, libertarian encyclopaedia and ideas archive. - JZ, 14.2.11. It is much easier to offer some plausible sounding and well expressed but useless generalities than to offer genuine solutions to particular problems in a concrete or detailed form. – JZ, 18.1.14. – GENERALITIES, ABSTRACTS VS. PROGRAMS, SOLUTIONS, BLUEPRINTS, SOUND ADVICE ON PARTICULAR PROBLEMS

PROBLEMS: leave problems to be solved by the people close to the problems.” - Tibor Machan, Liberty and Power, p.134/34. - In every sphere, even those now monopolized by territorial governments. - JZ, 14.2.11. - SOLUTIONS, SELF-HELP, PANARCHISM, DECENTRALIZATION VS. CENTRALIZATION, STATISM, MONOPOLIES, TERRITORIALISM

PROBLEMS: More of the same does usually not provide the solution. – JZ, 10.9.07. – With e.g. vitamins C & E, advancing from the official sanctioned dosages to those large dosages, that do become effective, does often provide a cure. – Or so I have just read. – JZ, n.d. & SOLUTIONS

PROBLEMS: Most human problems are circular and fall apart when a single trivial part of them is solved.” – Murray Leinster, Sand Doom, ASTOUNDING SF, May 56. – I have my doubts on this and can think mainly only of e.g. full monetary freedom and individual secessionism and exterritorial autonomy as instances but cannot consider them to be trivial liberties. – JZ, 12.3.08.

PROBLEMS: Most people spend more time and energy in going around problems than in trying to solve them.” – Henry Ford. – EVASIONS, HUMAN NATURE, MAN, RATIONALIZATIONS

PROBLEMS: Most problems precisely defined are already partially solved.” - Harry Lorayne. - At least when you are asking the right questions the solution tends to present itself. - JZ, 27.11.02. – SOLUTIONS, DEFINITIONS, QUESTIONS, ANSWERS

PROBLEMS: No one can solve problems for someone whose problem is that they don’t want problems solved! - Richard Bach, ONE, a novel,Pan Books, 1989, p.95. - Under panarchism, its individual sovereignty and individual secessionism, combined with personal law or exterritorial autonomy for communities, societies and governance systems of volunteers, one can leave them to their problems, set better examples for them and otherwise at most criticize them and try convince them verbally of their better alternatives. Experimental freedom for tolerant experiments for all! However, rightful resistance against all who try to forcefully prevent that experimental freedom. – JZ, 1.3.12. – SOLVING, TERRITORIALISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, POLYARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALISM & VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PERSONAL LAW & SECESSIONISM

PROBLEMS: One of the annoying things about believing in free will and individual responsibility is the difficulty of finding somebody to blame your problems on. And when you do find somebody, it’s remarkable how often his picture turns up on your driver’s license.” – P. J. O’Rourke - SCAPEGOATS & SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, FREE WILL, INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY, JOKES

PROBLEMS: One person’s desperate problem may be another’s money-making opportunity. – George Kysor, THE CONNECTION 96, 2. Aug. 81, p.70. – A truly free market would bring them together. – JZ, 6.7.89. – SOLUTIONS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, TALENT CENTRE, LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS LIST

PROBLEMS: Our problems are man-made, therefore they may be solved by man. And man can be as big as he wants. No problem of human destiny is beyond human beings.” – John F. Kennedy, Speech, Washington University, 10.1.63. – He, too, was a problem maker. E.g. he doubled the nuclear arsenal of the U.S. – JZ, 13.4.08. – Nor did he introduce or even consider full experimental freedom for all, on the basis of personal laws and exterritorial autonomy. If he had, all totalitarian regimes would have collapsed and this much sooner than some of them did. – JZ, 22.4.08. - SOLUTIONS, MAN

PROBLEMS: Problems are backed up by wrongful territorial laws. That is the reason whey they are so difficult to solve. – JZ, 24.2.08.

PROBLEMS: Problems are no longer serious problems – once we get the politicians out of our ways of solving them ourselves. “Release all creative energies!” – As Leonard E. Read often wrote. – JZ, 15.4.89. - Alas, even L. E. Read did not favour experimental freedom through exterritorially autonomous “panarchies” or polyarchies, all under personal laws only, freedom institutions of great diversity - through which many different solution attempts could be made by volunteers at the same time and in the same country. – JZ, 1.4.08. – PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAS, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION UNDER EXTERRIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM

PROBLEMS: Problems are only opportunities in work clothes.” – Henry J. Kaiser, A favourite maxim, often quoted by him. - ANALOG, 1/91, p. 267. – The problem is an opportunity in work clothing. – My translation of: “Das Problem ist eine Gelegenheit in Arbeitskleidung.” - Later I found the above English original - JZ - OPPORTUNITIES - Compare QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

PROBLEMS: Problems are only solutions in disguise.” – From a Massey-Ferguson advertisement in an issue of READER’S DIGEST. - Under present territorial conditions the real solutions remain largely unknown for most people and are not yet put together, clearly stated, in several ways and for easy access to them. E.g. via a comprehensive libertarian digital library, ideas archive and electronic argument mapping. - JZ, 14.2.11, 18.1.14.

PROBLEMS: problems caused by government interference can only be solved by freedom.” - John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.213. – The multitude of problems caused by territorial governments with involuntary subject can only be rapidly and easily solved by exterritorially autonomous governance (voluntary or competing governance), societies and communities of volunteers, with all of them peacefully coexisting and competing in trying to solve problems with their systems. - Under that condition progress in the spheres now monopolized by territorial governments could become as fast and certain as it is in the natural sciences and in technology. So far still too few people have pondered this alternative. However, if you search e.g. for "panarchy" and "panarchism" you can already get more hints than an individual on his own can afford to look up. - JZ, 14.2.11. - INTERFERENCE, FREEDOM, INTERVENTIONISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, MONOPOLISM, LAWS, LEGISLATION, REGULATIONS, RED TAPE, BUREAUCRACY, PRIVILEGES

PROBLEMS: She doesn’t see problems, she sees opportunities.” – Lawrence Sanders, The Tomorrow File, p.178. - While there are still quite a few unused or under-utilized opportunities, most of the major solutions are outlawed by "positive" territorial legislation. - JZ, 14.2.11.

PROBLEMS: Some years ago an excellent professor of economics told his class in his gravelly voice, 'If you pay me $50,000 a year to solve a problem, I damned sure ain't going to solve it.' " - Charley Reese, ORLANDO SENTINEL 24.2. 2000 - "If you pay me $150,000 a year to solve all the country's problems, not only will I NOT solve any, I'll make A LOT MORE NEW ONES while appearing to 'solve' the old ones." - Randy Richards - & SOLUTIONS, POLITICIANS

PROBLEMS: Stanley Kubrik … once said that the only real problem is what to do next.” – Arthur C. Clark in PLAYBOY interview with Alan Watts. – I think that is correct – IF the next step towards any particular rightful, rational and long-term aim is meant. – JZ, 5.6.82, 14.2.11. - If libertarians had bothered to compile a libertarian ideas archive, a comprehensive and digital libertarian encyclopaedia, directory (indicating special libertarian interests) and a comprehensive digital libertarian library (which could now be compiled and offered on a single large external HDD), as well as a list of all current or proposed libertarian projects, then, in international division of labour between tens of thousands of libertarians, thousands of libertarian projects could become effectively tackled at the same time. Different groups of collaborators would then tackle those problems, which are of the highest priority to them. Libertarians should not adopt the collectivist and territorial fallacy of "national aims". - This panarchistic or extremely decentralized approach could bring about the great and numerous small solutions, which panarchism has to offer, as soon as full experimental freedom under exterritorial autonomy has been established for volunteers - anywhere. - JZ, 14.2.11. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

PROBLEMS: the answer to most problems was: Don’t do anything.” – Robert Heinlein, Glory Road, p.190. – According to an old saying: If you wait long enough then the problem will solve itself, in one way or the other. - Alas, often only at the price of prolonged oppression and mass murder. – JZ, 22.2.08. – Should resistance, defence, revolution and liberation attempts be postponed until these problems have somehow become dissolved by themselves? We have already been stuck with the numerous problems caused by territorialism for thousands of years. It is high time to finally tackle them, effectively, with the freedom of action, experimental freedom and voluntarism of exterritorial communities and societies of volunteers. - Laissez faire towards any form of totalitarianism, tyranny, despotism, authoritarianism, especially in their territorial forms, is never a good enough advice, unless it is directed ONLY to the interventionist territorial politicians. - JZ, 14.2.11. - SOLUTIONS, DO-NOTHING, RESISTANCE, REVOLUTION, MILITIA, VOLUNTARISM VS. COMPULSION, COMPETITION VS. MONOPOLIES, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIAL SUPPRESSION, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, RECOGNITION OF XYZ GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS & SOCIETIES IN EXCILE AS ALTERNATIVES TO EVERY EXISTING DESPOTIC OR AUTHORITARIAN TERRITORIAL SYSTEM

PROBLEMS: The government solution to a problem is usually as bad as the problem. - Milton Friedman – WELFARE STATES, SOLUTIONS, GOVERNMENTS

PROBLEMS: The most unresolved problem of the day is precisely the problem that concerned the founders of this nation: how to limit the scope and power of government. Tyranny, restrictions on human freedom, come primarily from governmental restrictions that we ourselves have set up.” - Milton Friedman - Territorial governments, as such, cannot be sufficiently limited. Governments can be sufficiently limited only once they are confined to their volunteers and exterritorial autonomy for their statists experiments. - JZ, 14.2.11. - OF OUR TIME, LIMITED GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, COMPETITION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM IN EVERY SPHERE, BUT FOR VOLUNTEERS ONLY

PROBLEMS: The old adage, that a problem well stated was a problem half solved, had always stood up in her experience. But, of course, that gem of distilled wisdom did rather presuppose that the problem actually had a solution. She still wasn’t sure about this one.” – John Bribbin & Marcus Chown, Double Planet, p.143. - Most problems, not even most definitions have not yet been sufficiently and clearly defined and published as such. Or e.g. the correct definitions, arguments and ideas are still swamped by false or flawed ones. Furthermore, the thought-provoking questions for most of the problems produced by territorial interventionism, have still not been put together and widely published. The same applies e.g. to jokes and Slogans for Liberty and for a libertarian Ideas Archive, Refutations Encyclopaedia, online Projects List and many other presently still legal or illegal options. For instance, I have never found libertarians interested in producing a program of quite rightful war and peace aims, a rightful libertarian revolution and liberation program, one for an effective tax strike and monetary and financial freedom revolution. In these and other respects they have failed just as much as the territorial power addicts have. - JZ, 14.2.11. - & SOLUTIONS, QUESTIONS PROPERLY PUT, INCOMPLETE OR FLAWED PROGRAMS, PLATFORMS, NEW DRAFT, ENLIGHTENMENT, BILLS OF RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROBLEMS: The popular “solutions” and “reforms” (laws and governmental control institutions) constitute the greatest problems. They do prevent the correct solutions from coming into existence via free experimentation among volunteers. Or they are already known but outlawed or simply suppressed. – JZ, 12.12.87, 22.2.08. – SOLUTIONS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW SYSTEMS, SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLIES, PERSONAL LAWS, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

PROBLEMS: The problem is that people either think that there is no problem or that they already have the answer. - JZ, 3.3.79. - RED.

PROBLEMS: The State has everywhere and always prevented natural free-market mechanisms from operating. Thus the problems of ecology, unemployment, overpopulation, poverty and so forth.” – R. A. Childs Jr., in INDIVIDUALIST, Oct. 71. - The individualists, anarchists and libertarians have, mostly, failed to explore their exterritorial autonomy options for themselves and for all other parties and movements and the chances to get them realized a.s.a.p. To that extent they have been their own worst enemies. - They could, for instance, have supported panarchist governance systems and societies in exile of all kinds, all only for their present and future volunteers, as alternatives to dictatorships and as natural allies for all democracies and republics against despotic regimes. To that extent anarchists, libertarians and these governments in exile could even have become effective allies of democracies. After the worst territorial regimes would thus have been overthrown, panarchies for all societies and communities of volunteers, including statists, could then also be relatively easily realized in the democracies. - Especially seeing that the thus fully liberated countries and populations would then tend to race fast ahead of the democracies. There are at least several if not many other first and effective steps that could be taken towards the realization of panarchist free choices for all, everywhere. So far they are, probably, not even fully listed and published as yet. - Some I listed in my Pan A to Z compilation at - under START-UPS. - JZ, 14.1.11, 18.1.14.

PROBLEMS: The way to solve problems is to make it politically profitable for the wrong people to do the right thing.” – MILTON FRIEDMAN IN AUSTRALIA 1975, p.66. – I would rather say: The way to solve problems is to make it politically possible for the right people to do the right thing. But this requires voluntarism and full exterritorial autonomy under personal laws, i.e., full independence from territorial constitutions, laws, jurisdictions, politicians and bureaucrats. – JZ, 12.3.08. – Under voluntarism, experimental freedom, laissez-faire and freedom of action and association in every sphere that is now monopolized by territorial government and starting with individual and group secessionism, progress in all these spheres could become very fast - for at least some of the demonstrated alternatives would be successful and attractive. – JZ, 18.1.14. – PROGRESS THROUGH FULL EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM IN ALL SPHERES SO FAR MONOPOLIZED BY STATISM & TERRITORIALISM

PROBLEMS: There are no big problems, there are just a lot of little problems.” - Henry Ford. - The big problem is only how to realize for each and everyone the freedom to solve his own little and big problems by self-help, mutual exchange, free credit and insurance arrangements, fraternal and mutual aid associations. Even that is no longer a problem, since the solution to this problem has been practised to a limited extent, and also somewhat published for centuries. It is now only left to us to publish this solution sufficiently. With alternative media, like microfiche, floppy disks and CDs and HDDs this could be very cheaply done - if only enough people bothered to gather and publish and read these texts on these and other affordable media of their choice. - If a suitable market for all ideas did already exist, an Ideas Archive and Talent Registry, then even this would no longer be a problem. The required small minimum to sufficient number of supporters could then be easily found - for fruitful collaboration, in accordance with their highest special interests. - JZ, 13.10.02, 18.1.14. - "Release all creative energies!" - as Leonard E. Reed suggested. Let each individual and each voluntary group try their own path to their kind of salvation or solution. It works in religion and in private decision-making. "Too many cooks spoil the broth!" - JZ, 27.11.02. – Let each group do its things on its own account. Money comes, usually, in small or lightweight pieces. But the right supply, volume, circulation and reflux of it to the issuers and sound value standards for all competing  private currencies and for all clearing and credit transactions, have been turned into major problems by numerous wrongful and interventionist laws, causing economic crises, inflations, stagflations and deflations. To repeal this legislation requires, ultimately, only some light-weight signatures or votes but to achieve these, as well as the alternative of a monetary and financial revolution, at an opportune moment, requires large-scale and prolonged thinking among many people. Merely to get them interested in such subjects is already a major problem. - If even the tiniest minorities could already quite freely act in this sphere, then for them this would be only a tiny problem, while it could already be a major profit options for them. - Rightful and rational solutions in this, as in many other spheres, are not impossible but territorially outlawed. - JZ, 14.2.11. – If well prepared then, in special crisis situations, they could, nevertheless, be rapidly realized and be so successful that it would become impossible to enforce the existing wrongful laws against them. Imagine the effect if, e.g., an inflation and involuntary mass unemployment would be almost instantly ended thereby. The opposition against “illegal” immigrants could thus be turned into an open arms policy towards them. Which politician would then be able and willing to forcefully introduce monetary despotism and its effects once again? – JZ, 18.1.14. - BIG & LITTLE ONES, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, IDEAS ARCHIVE, MONETARY FREEDOM REVOLUTION AGAINST INFLATION & MASS UNEMPLOYMENT, WELL PREPARED & CARRIED OUT, MUCH BETTER THAN E.G. BITCOINS COULD.

PROBLEMS: There was no problem so knotty that it couldn't be untied. Given a little thought, that is.” - Robert Silverberg, Lazarus Come Forth! GALAXY SF, April 1966, p.99. - SOLUTIONS, PROGRESS, IDEAS, OPTIMISM

PROBLEMS: There's always an easy solution to every problem - neat, plausible and wrong.” - Henry Mencken - quoted in: Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, p.6 - Rather: Rightful, rational - and outlawed! - I do not personally mind the outlawry of the wrongful and irrational ones. However, if they are so conducted that only the volunteers for them do suffer under them, then they, too, have a role to play. - JZ, 13.10.02. - SOLUTIONS, CURES, REFORMS, ENLIGHTENMENT BY MEANS OF FULL EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR VOLUNTEERS, AT THEIR EXPENSE & RISK

PROBLEMS: To each and everyone the supposedly problem-solving panarchy of his own individual choice, all without any territorial monopoly and fully self-responsible. – JZ, 12.3.08. – POLYARCHY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, DOING THE OWN THINGS, SECESSIONISM & PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES

PROBLEMS: Turning to politicians is the worst way to solve a problem." - Jim Babka - SOLUTIONS, POLITICIANS

PROBLEMS: Understand why most conventional attempts at solutions only serve to escalate the problems.” - Dr Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, inside cover page. – Most solution attempts are based on territorial statism, monopolies or coercion, rather than using the potential force of competition, voluntarism, choice, experimental freedom, freedom of contract, exchange, association, laissez faire and competition, the free market, the utilization of all individual rights and liberties, releasing all creative and productive human energies. – JZ, 10.9.07, 14.2.11, 18.1.14. - & THEIR SOLUTIONS

PROBLEMS: We need full experimental freedom for problem solvers, especially in all the spheres now monopolized by territorial governments, which create all too many artificial problems with their interventionists laws and institutions. – JZ, 15.6.13. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, PERSONAL LAW, NATURAL RIGHTS, NATURAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, SELF-HELP, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

PROBLEMS: We recognize that there are many problems that confront any social system. These can be solved by the voluntary action of decent, free people. They will never be solved by professional politicians or huge bureaucracies.” – From a 1976 introduction to the Workers Party. – FREEDOM, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRACY, SOLUTIONS, VOLUNTARISM

PROBLEMS: When they encounter an authentic problem they do not see it as Henry Kaiser did, for he called problemsopportunities in work clothes.” – Henry M. Boettinger, Moving Mountains, p.313. – A comprehensive Ideas Archive would, probably, contain already solutions to most of today’s problems. Moreover, it could market these ideas effectively. – To the extent that they are not yet solved, a common projects list online could soon lead to their solution by a very extensive participation of everybody interested in a particular problem solving project. Even a common meeting calendar to all educational public events in a city could help. – So far we do not even have directories to people and organizations with special interests. (*) – The Internet has not yet networked us sufficiently. - JZ, n.d. & 14.2.11. – (*) E.g a list of all those, who have so far shown some interest in panarchism and polyarchism. I have recently started such a list – but it is still very incomplete and flaed and needs input and corrections by many. Presently, it comes to 779 KBs in RTF. – Anyone who supplies me with a suitable additional entry or even several ones, can get this list from me as an email-attachment, until it appears online somewhere. To my knowledge there exists not directory to all monetary freedom advocates and those in favour of one or the other form of voluntary taxation or contribution schemes, either. - JZ, 18.1.14 - - IDEAS ARCHIVE, SOLUTIONS, LIBERTARIAN & PANARCHIST DIRECTORIES

PROCEDURES: Ordained procedures are practically immortal.” – Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.59/60. - The realization of individual and group secessionism, combined with exterritorial autonomy for communities and societies of volunteers, could led to the rapid shrinking or even expiration of most of the problems caused by territorial governments with their wrongful and numerous laws. Only among the remaining voluntary victims could they be continued then. - JZ, 14.2.11. - BUREAUCRACY, LEGISLATON, TERRITORIALISM

PROCEDURES: Procedures are changed, but they are still procedures. It is like a blind man shagging stones at a crow. Success is largely accidental.” - Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.58/59. – Throwing stones? - JZ

PROCEDURES: We have a tendency to talk much of the limitation of freedom that results from outside pressures to [by? – JZ] a social class, a tyrant, or Madison Avenue, and tend to forget the limitations imposed by our own compulsions, habits, and fixed ideas. – Many threats to individual freedom do not stem even remotely from the relationship of authority and subordination nor indeed from any political circumstance, but from customs, traditions and conceptions of what is “proper procedure”. These can be as coercive as any tyranny.” – John W. Gardener. – Compare the adherence to printed media and the slow uptake of microfilm and CD publishing and reading. – JZ, 12.3.08. - HABITS, COMPULSIONS, PREJUDICES, TRADITIONS, FIXED IDEAS, CUSTOMS, DEFINITIONS, CONCEPTS


PROCRUSTES BED: Governments always try to cut us down or stretch us out to their "ideal" size, presumably for the public good and in our own best interest. - D. Z. & JZ, 73. – PUBLIC INTEREST, PUBLIC GOOD, TERRITORIALISM.

PRODUCERS: If an apple pie that costs $ 3 to produce can command a price of only $ 1 on the market, no seller is going to hold out for $ 3 or more if his interest is profits. The fact that it costs $ 3 to produce is of no interest to consumers. Their concern is whether the satisfaction the pie will render is greater than what they are being asked to give up for it. The seller’s costs are irrelevant.” (*) – Sheldon Richman, THE FREEMAN, 9/78, p. 545. – (*) Yes, for that transaction, and near future ones but not on long terms. Who would continue to produce apple pies that cost him $ 3 and which he can sell only for $ 1? – JZ, 12.4.08, 14.2.11. - COSTS, PRICES, SALES, PROFIT, CONSUMERS, FREE PRIVATE ENTERPRISE, INCLUDING PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, PARTNERSHIPS & ALL KINDS OF SELF-MANAGEMENT SCHEMES, DEMAND & SUPPLY

PRODUCERS: No country can survive for long if its political and economic policies are all directed against the very men and women who produce the goods and services that everyone of us enjoys.” – From Workers Party leaflet: An Introduction to the WP. – Countries don’t die. People do – or get impoverished. – JZ, 12.3.08. - POLICIES, TAXATION.

PRODUCERS: Stressing the enormous interdependence of all men in the market place, emphasizing the fact that the farmer does not make his own clothes, the tailor does not raise the wheat which he consumes, and so on for the countless other benefits, which we all daily derive from the market place, Bastiat insisted that the enormous saving in time and effort, which came about from division of labor and free exchange, provided a system in which the more effective producer was the strongest possible ally of the consumer. He pointed out that the man who profited from the low cost and ready availability of a product was the man who consumed it. Attempts to interfere with that relationship would inevitably prove to be defeating for society as a whole.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.219. - CONSUMERS, DIVISION OF LABOR, INTERDEPENDENCE, MARKET, FREE EXCHANGE, INTERFERENCE, INTERVENTIONISM

PRODUCERS: The owner of producer’s goods in the frame of a market economy is forced to employ them for the best possible satisfaction of the wants of the consumers.” – THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC – Alas, monetary despotism often prevents them from doing that and rather forces them to keep them idle or partly idle. – Monopoly money does not miraculously or sufficiently appear wherever or whenever it is needed most. - JZ, 12.3.08. – Only forced and exclusive currency is, as such, often over-supplied and thus inflationary. Sound alternative currency options, that would drive inferior currencies out of circulation, remain wrongfully and irrationally outlawed. - JZ, 14.2.11. - CAPITALISTS, CONSUMERS, MACHINES, FACTORIES, DEFLATIONS, DEPRESSIONS, CRISES, PROFIT, INVESTMENTS, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM

PRODUCERS: The producers were already beaten by the bureaucracy.” – I. Paterson, The God of the Machine, quoted in Mrs Young’s manuscript on Ayn Rand, p.9. - As a rule the organized producers were more skilful and effective in bending the government’s rules in their own interest at the expense of the taxpayers and consumers, than the taxpayers and consumers were. – JZ, 12.3.08. – Bureaucracy also deprives consumers of their rights, e.g. by taxation, protectionism, price supports, bailouts and minimum prices and wages. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PRODUCERS: Thus, by relinquishing the policy of laissez-faire, and adopting a policy of interference in industrial and economic matters, the Government automatically placed itself in the hands of the producers against the interests of the consumers.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Modern Government, p.155. - That is actually a paradox, since the producers are always outnumbered by the consumers. Alas, and obviously, the consumers have not yet formed effective enough voting blocks to make their numbers count against the special interests and well organized and financed lobbies of the producers. – However, the solution does not exist in giving consumers equal or larger political powers but in removing all political interventionism – except that practised only within under-informed or prejudiced communities and societies or freely competing governance systems of volunteers only. - JZ, 2.4.08, 14.2.11. -  PROTECTIONISM, MONOPOLIES, PRIVILEGES, TARIFFS, CUSTOM DUTIES, FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROLS, INTERVENTIONISM, POLICIES, LAWS, LOBBIES, SPECIAL INTERESTS VS. CONSUMERS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW & SECESSIONISM FOR ALL PEACEFUL & TOLERANT PEOPLE

PRODUCERS: Whatever affects the well-being of the producers (you and me) affects the survival of all, including the parasites who would control us. We’re like Atlas, holding the world on our shoulders. All we have to do is say: NO!” – René Baxter, FREEDOM TODAY, 9/75. - I wish it were as simple as that. “No” seems to be the “prayer” of all too many libertarians. – Who is listening and abiding by this plea? Most libertarians still do not even seriously consider individual and group secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for voluntary communities as alternative and resistance steps. Taxation departments and the military have learnt to cope with mere “no”- sayers. - JZ, - One could also say the same about consumers and taxpayers, usually rendered still more helpless than the well organized producers and consumers are. – A tax strike, like a mutiny and the refusal to further “consume” government services, will have to be well pondered and prepared in advance. – JZ, 12.3.08. – TAX STRIKE, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW INTRODUCTION

PRODUCERS: You have non-producers telling producers how to produce.” – William Hunt, 10.2.76. – LAWS, BUREAUCRACY, POLITICIANS, POLICIES

PRODUCT: An example of the law’s normal operation comes to mind: Our Pilgrim Fathers, in the first three years after landing at Plymouth Rock, lived in accord with communistic notions: from each according to ability, to each according to need. Regardless of their religious sincerity, theirs was not a righteous way of life. The result? Starvation! The reaction? Some hard-headed thinking: to each according to his own production! The reaction to this right thinking over the following three centuries? The greatest outburst of creative energy ever known!” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening?, p.74. - RIGHT TO THE PRODUCT OF ONE’S LABORS, PROPERTY, WORKING FOR ONESELF, VS. COMMUNISM, NEED, WELFARE STATE, COMPULSORY CHARITY, FOUNDING FATHERS

PRODUCTION & EXCHANGE: These days, as a result of the impact of advancing technology on the costs of labor and raw materials, the actual consumer cost of virtually every manufactured item has fallen. [Reckoned in stable value units! – JZ, 14.3.12.] Most of this reduction in price has come because the actual production cost of an item has fallen to where it typically represents less than 20 percent of the retail price. By the late 1980s, for example, the actual cost or raw farm products and farm labor had come to represent less than 15 percent of the price grocery stores and restaurants charged customers for food. Similarly, only about 17 percent of the price of finished apparel was attributable to the actual cost of cloth and the labor needed to cut and sew it into shape. (25) – Most of the remaining 80 percent represents the cost of distribution. The reason distribution has come to represent such an outsized proportion of the consumer’s price is that distribution cost has not declined as fast as production cost. This cost-reduction disparity reflects the fact that, with very few exceptions, we have yet to apply to our distribution networks the technological advances that have so profoundly transformed the rest of the supply pipeline. – (25) OTA, Technology and the American Economic Transition, Choices for the Future, 207, 287. - Paul Zane Pilzer, Unlimited Wealth, updated edition, Crown Publishers, New York, 1994, p.44. – He did not explore how full economic freedom, especially monetary and financial freedom, would reduce retail prices. He considers only technical and management aspects. But at least the growth of online purchases, still undercutting retail prices, even when high prices for monopolized postal services have still to be paid, confirms his view on the technical aspects. But free exchange requires also the kind of freedom of exchange that is made possible only by the competitive supply of exchange media, other clearing avenues and sound value standards. That aspect of monetary freedom he ignored, also the degrees to which producers, traders and consumers are subjected to compulsory tax-tribute levies. – JZ, 14.3.12, 18.1.14.- RETAIL PRICES UNDER MONETARY DESPOTISMPOSITIVE SIGNS OF THE TIMES, THE REDUCTION OF PRODUCTION COSTS.

PRODUCTION FOR USE: The Soviet system of slave labour camps demonstrated “production for use” - by others - “not for profit” (by oneself ) with a vengeance. – JZ, commenting on the description of Stanton A. Coblentz, The Long Road to Humanity, p.418, of Soviet slave labour camps. - UNEXPLOITED LABOR, SELF-MANAGEMENT, FREE WAGE CONTRACTS, VS. WAGE CONTROLS, SLAVE LABOR, NOT FOR PROFIT?

PRODUCTION: All goods are produced for use. There is no production that is not for use. The so-called “profit-system” cases do exist (as every American knows who can remember 1929), when people are hindered from consuming all the goods they are producing.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.247. - These cases were rather unprofitable to all involved. Did she anywhere point out that monetary despotism hindered or even prevented in many cases the sale of labour, services and goods? - JZ, 14.2.11. - “PRODUCTION FOR USE”, PROFIT

PRODUCTION: An increase in the supply of exchange media leads to inflation only when the productive capacity is already fully used. - Popular opinion. - When is a man's productive capacity fully used? When he works 8, 10, 12 or more hours a day? Is a machine, a factory's, an office's, a school's or university's capacity fully used when it is not used 24 hours a day? Is productive capacity wasted when every person sleeps in a single bed of his own, instead of 3 persons using one bed in shifts? - Productive capacity is a very elastic term. - The normal market valuation of a currency would be its market rating a) against the value standard that it expresses, b) against other currencies, c) against the value standard of other currencies. - Legal tender and the issue monopoly suppress that natural and free market measurement and also stop people from refusing to accept a depreciated or even merely suspect money and to replace it by sound exchange media and value standards. Thus inflations become possible. Then governments try to stop it with unnatural means, e.g. price and wage control attempts and further measures of monetary despotism. – Freedom is the answer, here as well. - The above popular statement overlooks that one can inflate prices only if one is a monopoly issuer and has legal tender powers. Otherwise prices, wages and services can be freely marked in stable value units, which are not depreciated when one issuer mismanages his issues so much that they do suffer a discount. The discounted single currency can neither drive up these so marked prices nor can it drive sound currencies out of circulation. On the contrary, it will be driven out of circulation itself. While its discount is still tolerable, at least to some, it will be accepted by them at the discount, i.e. it will drive up their prices etc. only in the discounted currency, otherwise the price will remain the same as before. - If the statement were true, then inflation could take place only if e.g. all enterprises worked 24 hours a day and night, i.e. in 3 shifts of 8 hours each or 2 of 12 hours each. And they would have to work thus on weekends, too. In reality, most productive equipment is idle much of the time, even during working hours. Nevertheless, inflation has taken place and still does. No tradesman uses all of his numerous tools at the same time. - Moreover, the statement ignores the facts of stagflation, i.e. an inflation proceeding while many enterprises go bankrupt and there exist still mass unemployment and great sales difficulties. With such a primitive and inexact rule no currency can be sufficiently stabilised. - JZ, n.d. & 3.4.97. - & INFLATION, STABLE CURRENCIES, SOUND CURRENCIES VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM

PRODUCTION: As for industry, anyone who has created something with his own hands knows that production is neither capitalist nor socialist but one thing only: it is what creates national (*) wealth, the common material basis without which no country can exist.” – Alexander Sozhenitsyn, August 14th, p.664. – (*) At least then S. had not yet realized the difference in productivity between genuinely competitive free enterprise or cooperative capitalism and State socialism. And he still did not distinguish between ”national” and private wealth. - The more propertarian production and exchange is, the greater its productivity. – A simple comparison between e.g. the numbers and qualities of cars produced under State socialism and those under at least degrees of free enterprise capitalism, should have taught him. - JZ, 6.4.91, 2.4.08. –  WEALTH, CAPITAL, MANUFACTURE, MACHINERY, TOOLS, ENTERPRISE, COMPETITION, PRIVATE OR COOPERATIVE PROPERTY, PROPERTARIANISM, PROPERTY INCENTIVES VS. STATE SOCIALISM.

PRODUCTION: Einstein ... Using a popular socialist slogan, he wrote that 'production for use' ought to replace the 'production for profit' of the capitalist order. (1956:129) ... Einstein appears to have been unaware that only calculation and distribution in terms of market prices make it possible to utilise our discoverable resources intensively, to guide production to serve ends lying beyond the range of the producer's perception, and to enable the individual to participate usefully in productive exchange (first, by serving people, mostly unknown to him, to the gratification of whose needs he can nonetheless effectively contribute; and second, by himself being supplied as well as he is only because people who know nothing about HIS existence are induced, also by market signals, to provide for his needs: see the previous chapter). In following such sentiments Einstein shows his lack of comprehension of, or real interest in, the actual processes by which human efforts are coordinated.” – F. A. Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.59. - An excellent refutation of State socialistic notions. But I wish that Hayek had pointed out the monetary connection, too, as he did, in his The Denationalisation of Money. When producers or owners issue goods and services vouchers upon themselves, in money denominations, to pay for what they need, want and use, certificates which they readily accept at par when someone buys something from them, and to the extent that their notes, IOUs etc. are readily accepted by their suppliers, then, obviously, they produced, for their own use, not only goods and services that others want to use but also the monetary means that permits them to sell these goods and services and that enables others to buy these goods and services, much easier than they could if they were totally dependent upon the money issued by others or even the monopoly money issued by the government's central note-issue system. Both, the issuers and the acceptors find the free exchanges using competing other kinds of currencies not only useful but both do also profit from these exchanges. Under consumer sovereignty, with the monetary demand freed, all production will be subjectively useful to sovereign consumers - not to their dissenting critics. But why bother about these critics? Let THEM buy what THEY want. More they cannot rightly ask for. Their preferences and priorities are different and they are their own. - J. Z., 25.4.97. – Einstein had in mind, probably, only the system of producing on a small scale, by tradesmen, upon local orders or anticipating a few more orders in a small local market. Something that still happens, to some extent, in our times. – JZ, 16.4.08. – As if all producers were only engaged in trying to produce and sell useless goods! The buyer and user is the one to decide what products are useful – to him! The subjective value theory is again to be applied. – JZ, 20.3.09, 18.1.14. - PRODUCTION FOR USE? EINSTEIN

PRODUCTION: If no Government anywhere obstructs the free working of human energies, men distribute and consume goods as fast as they produce them. That is the purpose and object of producing goods. Mr. Ford does not make profits by piling cars one upon another in Michigan; if Americans ever stop consuming his cars, Mr. Ford will go broke.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.247/48.

PRODUCTION: It is one of the greatest economic errors to put any limitation upon production. … We have not the power to produce more than there is a potential to consume.” – Louis D. Brandeis; Testimony, US. Commission on Industrial Relations, 1915. – Quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations. - We do have the power but are, usually, not irrational enough to thus waste our capital, resources and labor. – JZ 12.4.08. - RESTRAINTS

PRODUCTION: Ludwig von Mises wrote: “Production is anarchistic” – and it is precisely that unplanned, competitive process that generates economic growth.” - David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997, p.203. - It is not centrally planned and imposed but privately planned and chosen. - Free exchange and free consumption are also privately planned and executed and without their guidance, expressed in prices and totals of turnovers, "anarchistic" or unlimited production would lead to masses of unsold goods, and services, including jobs, an extreme depression. Full reliance upon and dependence upon the monetary despotism of central note issuing banks does often have the same result. And so does even the reliance upon an exclusive currency of gold and silver coins, combined with redeemable gold or silver certificates. To my knowledge Mises never went beyond such an exclusive currency - to full monetary freedom. – JZ, 3.10.07. - & ANARCHISM, EXCHANGE & CONSUMPTION SHOULD BE ANARCHISTIC, TOO, MONETARY FREEDOM, MISES

PRODUCTION: Production (the material) is a spiritual, intellectual and ideological phenomenon. It is the method that man, directed by reason, employs for the best possible removal of uneasiness. What distinguishes our condition from those of our ancestors, who lived one thousand or twenty thousand years ago, is not something material but something spiritual. The material changes are the outcome of the spiritual changes.” – Ludwig von Mises, Human Action, Chicago, Henry Regnery Company, 3rd revised edition, 1966, p.142. – Now online at the Mises Institute, together with many other economic freedom titles, but also available from it in print. – I would rather say: mental changes or changes in ideas, definitions or the understanding of them. – JZ, 12.4.08.

PRODUCTION: Production and the ownership of the means of production should be peacefully and non-violently reorganized to stop the class warfare ideology. This ideology on its own would perhaps not lead to the nuclear war threat. But in combination with territorial nationalism and dictatorships it certainty does. This reorganization would require e.g. extensive cooperative or partnership or self-management production, purchase of enterprises by their employees, extensive employee shareholding, open cooperatives; work cooperatives, all amounting to a kind of individualistic and propertarian or contractual workers’ control, one which rightfully and in a businesslike way preserves and spreads property rights, specialization, profit incentives and the division of labour. - The topic is involved - particularly through the very large number of alternative methods for organizing production and dividing and sharing responsibilities, properties and job opportunities. They range over the full scale, from authoritarian and centralized coops - not much better than State enterprises or overlarge corporations, to small family enterprises, from cooperatives which reduce profit and property rights to those organizations which fully respect and develop them, even to syndicalist corporations and federations of volunteers and to completely anarchistic ones. Any form of organization could be peacefully and rightly introduced e.g., by the purchase of existing productive enterprises, by their employees, from present owners, usually on terms, long terms, mostly using industrial bonds, all guaranteed by the cooperatively organized employees, as means of payment, for these, their own take-over bids. Usually they would be advised to keep all efficient managers as co-owners. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos.16 &17, - Revised: 18.1.14. - WITHOUT CLASS WARFARE IDEOLOGY, CAPITALISM, COMMUNISM, COOPERATIVES, IDEOLOGICAL WARFARE, LIQUIDATION OF GOVERNMENTS, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, SOCIALISM

PRODUCTION: Production costs are more and more the smaller part of the total costs to the consumers.” - JZ, n.d. - Would the same apply after the introduction of full monetary freedom? - JZ, 19.8.02. – Most likely distribution costs will be greatly reduced under full monetary and financial freedom. – Sales will also tend to be larger and thus the production costs would come down, too. - JZ, 10.3.09. - PRODUCTION COSTS VS. DISTRIBUTION COSTS, MONETARY FREEDOM

PRODUCTION: Production is not something physical, material and external; it is a spiritual and intellectual phenomenon.” – Mises, Human Action, p. 141. – Intellectual – yes – but spiritual? - It is merely using and mastering physical phenomena, ideas, discoveries, facts, information, principles, and sound practices productively, competitively, intelligently and rationally. – I would not expect much output from “spiritual” production. - JZ, 12.3.08, 18.1.14.

PRODUCTION: Production is the servant of consumption.” – Ulrich von Beckerath, Die Durchfuehrung der Vorschlaege von Milhaud, p.5. (The Realization of the Proposals by Milhaud.) A better translation might be: Producers are the servants of consumers. – JZ, 12.3.08. – Naturally, they expect to be competitively paid for their labours. But with monopoly money this is often too difficult to achieve or even impossible. – Thus B. wrote his three classical monetary freedom books, which are online in English and German on - MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE EXCHANGE, CONSUMPTION

PRODUCTION: Production of nuclear devices requires among other things secrecy, military obedience, an unarmed population deprived of a vote on survival decisions, statist motives, compulsory taxation, inflation, land tenure under the control of governments, immoral war aims, territorial targets, readiness of people to work towards mass murder, a degree of unemployment which prevents people from easily finding other jobs, and it could be stopped on many of these approaches. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos.16/17, revised on 18.1.14, original revised version is on - OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, ENDING & PREVENTING IT

PRODUCTION: The competition, which is nothing but the combination of production with consumption, determines the agreement over exchanges.” – Le Trosne, De l’Interet Social, p.895, in Daire, Physiocractes. (“La concurrence, qui n’est que la combinaison des production avec le consummation, determinant les rapports d’echange. …”) - COMPETITION, CONSUMPTION, EXCHANGE, AGREEMENT, FREEDOM

PRODUCTION: The control of the production of wealth is the control of human life itself.” - Hilaire Belloc, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – The decisive point is: Is it central and hierarchical control or control by sovereign individuals in their voluntary associations, as decentralized as they want it to be and can manage? – JZ, 10.1.08. – Life is largely self-managed. Production and distribution should also be largely self-managed, no longer subjected to the class-warfare relationship between employers and employees. All should be or become part-owners or free contractors. – JZ, 10.3.09. - CONTROL OF IT, SELF-MANAGEMENT IN EVERY SPHERE - WHERE IT IS POSSIBLE & DESIRABLE

PRODUCTION: The greatest productive force is human selfishness.” – Robert Heinlein. - Compare Leonard E. Read's remarks on "releasing all creative energies". But even he, apart from advocating full monetary freedom, in very general terms, did not advocate panarchistic free competition not only against all existing territorial governments but also against the limited government that he advocated and against all other utopias or intentional communities of volunteers. - JZ, 26.11.06. - PRODUCTIVE FORCE, THE GREATEST: HUMAN SELFISHNESS

PRODUCTION: The point is not that work is bad or even, in itself, of doubtful value. It is rather that the value of work depends on what it produces.” – Everett Reimer, School Is Dead, p.51. – And how the free market values the product. – JZ, 12.3.08. – WORK, CREATIVITY, PRODUCTIVITY, VALUE

PRODUCTION: The term “production for use”, however, is sometimes used as cover for a proposed system not founded on production for use at all. The idea is that under guise of this high-sounding term, and a complete perversion of its meaning, we are asked to give up our individual rights to guide production into channels of greatest usefulness as we judge it. We are asked to transfer those rights to some dictator or delegated authority. He then becomes the sole judge of usefulness. If such a thing as social usefulness did exist, which it does not, he could not possibly determine it for us because he is not society – he is only a Jones or a Smith like the rest of us. So instead of getting production by social usefulness we get production as tested by the wishes of the one in control, because to him usefulness can mean nothing but what is useful to him. If he does not like to chew tobacco, chewing tobacco is not useful and it will not be produced except as a reluctant concession to “perverted tastes”. If to him a public project of a certain specific design would be useful, it might be produced under his system even though no one else would pay (voluntarily - JZ) a nickel for it. Such a plan of production for use is a snare in terms of the very objectives it so enticingly professes.” – F. A. Harper, Writings, p.110. - CENTRAL PLANNING, CONTROLS & REGULATIONS, DICTOCRACY, COMMUNISM, TOTALITARIANISM, STATE SOCIALISM, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PRODUCTION: We should boost production as high as possible to counter inflation.” - Popular opinion. - This, again, wrongly concentrates on the goods side only. - Under monetary freedom only those producing additional goods (services and labour included) would be able to obtain or free to issue additional money tokens, exactly corresponding to their additional output, to the extent that there is an immediate or short-term market for it. When thus commodities and money issues are balanced, then inflation does not occur, i.e. one does no longer have to "fight" it or try to counter-act a previous inflation by a subsequent higher productivity – of the printing presses for monopoly money with a forced circulatioin. Anyhow, for fast or galloping inflations this attempt is condemned to failure. It is easy to increase inflation to from 2% to 20%, even 200% or 1000% p.a., but economic growth cannot be easily or at all attained at rates exceeding e.g. 5 - 50 % p.a., except, perhaps, for very short time, when e.g. after a natural catastrophe or revolution or war one starts again, almost from zero. - The other wrongful aspect of this situation is that a third party, namely the government, forces its exclusive currency into circulation, parasitic on the labours, goods and services of its subjects. (Such monies have rightly been called “requisitioning certificates”. - JZ, 18.1.14.) The government does not provide (apart from sound tax-foundation paper money issues, to the extent that anything based on enforced tributes can be sound, and the low productivity of State socialised enterprises) goods and services or labour for the money it issues and it does not continuously increase but rather reduces its productivity. Not only does it rob its subjects by direct and indirect taxes but it taxes them also through inflation and then it demands that its victims make up for their inflation losses through harder labour and higher productivity, thus giving the government's paper requisitioning certificates some more goods, services and labour to confiscate! I can understand the people, who do run this racket for their own benefit but I cannot understand the consent of the victims in this case, either. - Actually, due to natural and fast progress, the prices for many goods should fall. When government claims it has stabilised the currency, because in the average prices has not risen, then it has already inflated the currency to the extent that it has scooped off all the benefits we would have had from cheaper prices due to progress. - Rather than offering the government more labour, goods and services for its depreciated paper, we should refuse to accept it altogether and provide ourselves with sound alternative exchange media. Let the government itself try to give its paper some value and do not allow it to try to give it some value through compulsory taxation which to the amount of taxation is really a forced and unpaid labor. Organise a general tax strike, too, together with the refusal to accept the government's paper money. The armies of politicians and bureaucrats will then have to engage in some self-supporting productive labours on a free market. Furthermore, at least all the public assets they have extracted from us and not yet wasted, or withheld from us and mismanaged, should be distributed among us – in form of transferable shares or bonds. – JZ - PEACE PLANS No. 19 C, here somewhat revised: JZ, 18.1.14. – & INFLATION, TAXATION, GOVERNMENTAL PAPER MONEY, TAX FOUNDATION

PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES: As co-owners of enterprises co-operators would not be dismissed from a cooperatively run firm when sales would go down. Instead, their working hours and their income would go down. But cooperatives, like other enterprises, could largely solve their sales problem (when they continue to provide goods and services which the market does want, but sometimes, under present conditions of monetary despotism, is unable or not fully enabled to pay for) by including also a monetary emancipation in their cooperative production and distribution efforts. To the extent that they can not only launch themselves as enterprising capitalists, self-managing and owning their enterprises (although they might still have to borrow some capital for this and pay it back), but are also are freed to pay their debts, directly or indirectly, with their own assignments upon their products or services, they will also become monetarily emancipated. - JZ, 14.4.97. – & THEIR SALES & INCOME & EMPLOYMENT SITUATION, COOPERATIVES, LIBERATION AT WORK, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, MONETARY FREEDOM USED TO ASSURE THE SALE OF THEIR WANTED GOODS & SERVICES

PRODUCTIVITY: As long as productivity rises in proportion to the money circulation there is no danger of inflation.” - Popular opinion. - If money were only issued based upon already produced goods and ready for sale services and labour, and only by those who have them ready for sale, and by their associations for this purpose, then, indeed, it could not grow beyond this natural cover for the natural issuers. - However, if third parties issue their forced and exclusive currency (really only paper requisitioning certificates upon the productivity of people subjected to them), then a wrongful tribute gathering is involved. That currency is inherently 100 % inflated (apart from its tax-foundation, which is doubtful due to the immorality of compulsory taxation), since it has no goods and services backing. When it is the only money permitted, then it is also insofar inflated in circulation, as people wanting to engage in monetary exchanges will be forced to resort to it. Under freedom they would rather trade using their own currency issues or clearing system and reject this despotic monetary issue, which they were formerly forced to accept. - Productivity rises would, normally, lead to price reductions. But if the central monopoly bank issues further legal tender money (i.e. money with compulsory acceptance and a forced value), equivalent to this increased productivity, then the prices might not fall, step by step, in accordance with different degrees of progress but, in the average, remain the same as before or become increased in a further inflationary way, instead of being reduced. To that extent there would then also be an inflation of this currency. Increased productivity should neither be taxed nor inflated away. - Let people be free not only to produce and to exchange, but also to produce, adopt or agree among themselves upon the exchange media, clearing avenues and value standards for both cash and non-cash payments and for all credit contracts. Only then will productivity be in balance with exchange media. Only then can people's value measuring not be despotically interfered with by third parties with their own agenda. - JZ, n.d., 3.4.97. 14.2.11. - & INFLATION

PRODUCTIVITY: Every adaptation of the money supply to increased productivity is inflationary. Prices should be allowed to fall. - This is right insofar as a fixed price level is not a rightful and rational aim. The government's inflation of its currencies has not only prevented productivity-driven reductions of many goods prices but, instead, has nominally increased them. But it is wrong to say that increased productivity does not require any increase in money circulation at all. If, for instance, due to technological innovations, instead of 100 units at $ 10 each 200 units can be produced at $7.50 each, then to achieve their turnover in the first case $1,000 and in the second case $ 1,500 would be required. The alternative would be not a productivity driven but a deflation-driven fall of prices, depression and unemployment. Naturally reduced prices can well go hand in hand with an increase in the money circulation. Anyhow, the size of the circulation should not be determined by attempts to measure productivity but, rather, by the free and competitive pricing of goods, services, labour etc. and of the of exchange media or accounts in relation to their value standard. As long as exchange media can be issued at par, i.e. without depreciation against their value standard, they are not over-issued but still rather under-issued. Only when the first small discount arises in at least some spheres, most likely in wholesale trading, is the saturation point approximated and further issues should be stopped until this discount disappears again. Issuers will do the stopping in their own interest and potential acceptors will stop them by refusing to accept discounted notes. - JZ, n.d., & 3.4.97. - MONEY SUPPLY & INFLATION

PRODUCTIVITY: Have you forgotten that the only reason Americans produce so much more and live so much better and easier is the whopping supply of tools of production that people used to be willing to save for in the days when “profit” was not a nasty word.” – quoted by Ben Moreell, in Log II, p.126. - CAPITAL, SAVINGS, INVESTMENT, PROFIT

PRODUCTIVITY: Inflation neutralises itself as it stimulates production and thereby leads to a balance between money and goods. - Popular opinion. - This applies only to a very limited extent, when in some places deflation still exists and the possible and desired additional exchanges do not occur in these spheres due to the lack of exchange media. This condition is not to be overcome by inflation but by a competitive supply of sound local exchange media. - However, there is also a temporary boom effect, while the inflation that has already taken place is not yet recognized as such. Inflated profits, interest rates and wages are then considered as genuine increases in purchasing power, although they may not even make up for the inflation that has already taken place. So for a while these victims may be cheated successfully - out of what is their own and they will tend, nevertheless, to go on working harder than before for a nominally increased but actually not increased or possibly even decreased return in purchasing power. - Areas or payment circles that were formerly severely under-supplied with currency will experience a short boom period. So will all sellers of inflation-refuge options for capital, like: land, rare metals, art objects etc. But such booms do not make for a booming general economy but rather indicate a crisis situation. - If the above popular opinion were true then no inflation could ever have taken place. - In reality, the money circulation can, coercively and monopolistically, be increased much faster than the supply of labour, services and goods could be. E.g., it takes a few years to breed, bring up, educate and train a new labourer, not to speak of a new professional. - But, indeed, the German price inflation of 1913 to 1923 would not have taken place or would not have expressed itself in billion-fold increased prices, if only we had bothered to increase our productivity a billion-fold, too. Why didn't we? - JZ, n.d. & 3.4.97. - & INFLATION, COOPERATIVES, LIBERATION AT WORK, SELF-MANAGEMENT, EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP

PRODUCTIVITY: my studies led to the conclusion that, generally speaking, people are most productive when they are doing what they want to do, i.e., what they have chosen to do voluntarily. Such freedom of choice is conducive to development of individuality and permits a voluntary division of labor which results in maximum productivity of the entire community and resultant greater prosperity for all.” – Ben Moreell, Log II, p.130. – VOLUNTARISM

PRODUCTIVITY: Politicians, law-makers, bureaucrats, policemen and judges are very costly to us and very counter-productive rather than productive - unless one classes the production of poverty and of one crisis after the other as a “productive” effort. – JZ, 9.1.98. - POLITICIANS, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, LAWS, BUREAUCRACY, CRISES, GOVERNMENTALLY PRODUCED

PRODUCTIVITY: Productivity and the growth of productivity must be the first economic consideration at all times, not the last.” – Simon, A Time for Truth, p.219.

PRODUCTIVITY: The fact is that motives do not alter facts. The paramount requirement of a nation's productivity and prosperity is freedom; men cannot - and morally, will not - produce (*) under compulsion and controls.” - Ayn Rand, Let Us Alone! L.A. TIMES, August 5, 1962. - They still will produce - but much less and their products will tend to be reduced in quality as well as quantity. – (*) At their full potential! - JZ, 24.1.02. - PROSPERITY AND FREEDOM, MORALITY, COMPULSION AND CONTROLS,

PRODUCTIVITY: The government's output is usually negative, i.e., its services and goods, all things considered. are costing more than they are worth. Moreover, it also supplies an abundance of disservices. - JZ, 76.

PRODUCTIVITY: The little man is never helped through the Welfare State but only through a general increase of the economic productivity.” – Dr. Herbert Stegemann, DER TAGESSPIEGEL, 25.11.51. („… und dass dem ‚Kleinen Manne’ niemals durch ein staatliches Wohlfahrtssytem, sondern nur durch eine allgmeine Erhoehung der wirtschaflichen Produktivitaet geholfen werden kann.)

PRODUCTIVITY: the State so ardently rewards non-production while penalizing productivity. …” - LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 3/79.

PRODUCTIVITY: There is not doubt that poorer citizens would gain far more by an increase in the national income than by trying to redistribute more of the “existing” national income.” – Prof. D. R. Myddleton, in Readings, p.129. Quoted in R. Harris & A. Seldon, Not from Benevolence, p.58. – Only individuals do have genuine incomes, not fictions like “nations”. It is only individuals who produce and exchange profitably. National governments obstruct and tax productivity, while subsidizing xyz unproductive and even counter-productive activities. – JZ, 18.1.14. - DISTRIBUTION, REDISTRIBUTION, GROWTH OF NATIONAL INCOME, TAXATION, WELFARE STATE

PRODUCTIVITY: Wealth is based on productivity, and productivity is expandable. In fact, productivity is fabulously expandable, as Angus Maddison has shown in Monitoring the World Economy.” - P. J. O’Rourke, Eat the Rich, A Treatise on Economics, Picador, 1998, p.241. - & WEALTH

PRODUCTIVITY: What matters is not the allocation of portions out of a fund presented to man by nature. The problem is rather to further those social institutions which enable people to continue and to enlarge the production of all those things which they need.” - Ludwig von Mises – PRODUCTIVITY INCREASES, ECONOMIC GROWTH VS. DISTRIBUTIONISM, WELFARISM, TAXATION, REGULATION, CENTRAL PLANNING, DIRECTION & CONTROLS

PROFESSIONALS: A lucrative state-backed racket whereby the public is denied competition among some group of suppliers and often forced to pay their wages.” - J. C. Lester – The public is also forced to pay for their university training in many to most instances. – JZ, 23.3.08.

PROFESSIONALS: Every profession is a conspiracy against the layman.” – G. B. Shaw. – EXPERTS, AUTHORITIES, PROFESSIONALS, POLITICIANS

PROFESSIONALS: everything is too important ever to be entrusted to professional experts, because every organization of such professionals and every established social organization becomes a vested-interest institution more concerned with its efforts to maintain itself or advance its own interests than to achieve the purpose that society expects it to achieve.” - Carroll Quigley – Many policemen, as “good” trade unionists, do, probably, oppose self-defence with guns under the assumption that protection is their rightful monopoly. They also wish to feel safer when they do the wrong things, like abusing, attacking and shooting unarmed innocents. According to Facebook notes, they have wrongfully killed more American than were killed in the War in Iraq. – JZ, 18.1.14. - EXPERTS, AUTHORITIES, VESTED INTERESTS, LOBBIES VS. SELF-HELP, SELF-RELIANCE, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, TRADE UNIONISM AMONG POLICEMEN, VICTIM DISARMAMENT, GUN CONTROL

PROFESSIONALS: He no longer sees himself as existing to serve the public; he sees the public as the raw material that serves to maintain him, the forms, the rituals and the hierarchy!” - The Peter Principle by Laurance J. Peter and Raymond Hall, 1969ff, p.24.

PROFESSIONALS: If you want efficiency you have to replace politicians by professionals.” - Free enterprise in a free market and under free contracts does that. - JZ, 75. – But this requires individual sovereignty and secessionism, personal law options or full exterritorial autonomy for peaceful dissenters. – Laymen should also become free to rule themselves. - JZ, 18.1.14. - PANARCHISM, POLITICIANS, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHY, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, VOLUNTARISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, ASSOCIATION, EXPERIMENTATION, LAISSEZ FAIRE IN EVERY SPHERE NOW MONOPOLIZED BY TERRITORIALISM, STATISM & GOVERNMENTALISM

PROFESSIONALS: In the end, administration by professionals is the certain road to slavery.” – Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, A Study in American Anarchism, p.165, on Benjamin R. Tucker. – POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, ELITES, LEADERSHIP, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROFESSIONALS: Never be afraid to try something new. Remember, amateurs built the ark. Professionals built the Titanic.” - Unknown. - And sped it, at an unsafe speed, through an iceberg-infested area. - JZ 29.1.02. – How many wars have the experts caused, unintentionally, apart from those they intended? How many economic crises have they caused? And they still don’t know how to prevent them or how to end them! – JZ, 10.3.09. - EXPERTS, LAYMEN, AMATEURS, CREATIVITY, SELF-HELP, AMATEURS, LAYMEN

PROFESSIONALS: Of the professions it may be said that soldiers are becoming too popular, parsons too lazy, physicians too mercenary and lawyers too powerful.” – Charles Colton, 1780-1832, from a calendar. – The consequences of the professionals of territorial politics are even worse. – JZ, 18.1.14. - DEPENDENCE UPON PROFESSIONALS

PROFESSIONALS: People of the same trade seldom meet together, even for merriment and diversions, but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public, or in some contrivance to raise prices.” – Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, 1776, I. 10. – In his time notions of privilege and monopoly were even more rampant and individual rights and liberties even less appreciated than they are today. I wonder whether the introduction of full monetary freedom, of productive cooperatives and of panarchies would make a difference in this respect. – JZ, 1.4.08. - TRADESMEN, TRADE UNIONISTS, BUSINESSMEN, MANUFACTURERS, ENTREPRENEURS, CAPITALISTS, LAWYERS, DOCTORS, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, MANAGERS OF ENTERPRISES RATHER THAN SELF-MANAGEMENT OPTIONS

PROFESSIONALS: The doctor is opposed to socialized medicine, but wants government subsidies for training, research, and laboratories. The educator points to the deplorable lowering of standards which result from political domination of education – then insists that federal aids to education are essential for national survival! The scientist opposes any interference with freedom of inquiry – then implores government to provide generously for “research essential to the national defense and the common welfare.” – Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral’s Log II. – SUBSIDIES, EDUCATORS, INTELLECTUALS, TEACHERS, SCIENTISTS, DOCTORS

PROFESSIONALS: The War of the French Succession inflicted permanent degradation on the French peasant but on England it inflicted the mischief of creating that most dangerous of all classes – the professional soldier …” - H. G. Pearce, GOOD GOVERNMENT, 6/76, reprinting an article printed 19 years previously in THE STANDARD. – STANDING ARMIES, SOLDIERS MERCENARIES, NATIONAL DEFENCE FORCES, MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT

PROFESSIONS: All professions are conspiracies against the laity.” – George Bernard Shaw, The Doctor’s Dilemma, 1913. – Those of writers and publishers, with their legalized copyrights claims, and of inventors with their legalized patent monopoly claims, are to be included here, in my opinion. But these subjects are still all too controversial – because the alternatives to these monopolies are not yet sufficiently known. – JZ, 23.3.08. - Compare Adam Smith’s remark on this. – To what extent will electronic expert systems be able to do away with such abuses? A comprehensive electronic health encyclopedia, for instance, has, unfortunately, still to be provided, although it could be cheaply duplicated on a cheap DVD or HD. Orthodox doctors as well as naturopaths, as consultants or writers are only peddlers of small fractions of that total knowledge and via copyrights claims for their books, combined with the legalized copyrights claims of their publishers, they withhold much of this information from us or make it largely inaccessible to most of us. Who has the time and energy to search through hundreds to thousands of expensive tomes? – A comprehensive freedom, peace and justice encyclopedia has still not been so compiled and offered. – Only some beginnings seem to be offered on some websites. - JZ, 2.4.08, 14.2.11. - All professions are a conspiracy against the laity … - E. F. Dugdale, in PROGRESS, Sep. 75.

PROFESSIONS: distrust any community of professionals, especially legal professionals.” – Frank Herbert, The Dosadi Experiment, GALAXY, 6/77. - LAWYERS, JUDGES, POLITICIANS, EXPERTS

PROFESSIONS: professional service can become disabling help.” – View ascribed to John McKnight in Ivan Illich: The Disabling Professions. – Compare what Immanuel Kant had to say on this in his essay: “Was ist Aufklaerung?” (“What Is Enlightenment?”) - AID, HELP, DISABLING PROFESSIONS, PROTECTIONISM

PROFESSIONS: Professions: Every rational being may freely dispose of its services and its time. It has the right to choose a profession or job and to attend a training institution of its choice, to exercise its chosen profession freely and to change it. - It has the right to contract any number of working hours for itself. - It may not be submitted to forced labour but is obliged to render assistance in emergencies like conflagrations, earthquakes, floods and accidents. - Comment: Nobody has to submit to restrictions like the passing of certain examinations, the acquiring of certain degrees, licensing or registration demands, before he may exercise a profession. Everybody is e.g. free to set up schools and universities, manage them, teach in them. Whoever wants to practice as a teacher, physician, or lawyer, without having acquired the conventional academic qualifications, has naturally no right to deceive the public. He has to exhibit sufficient information concerning his kind of qualifications and training - at the most conspicuous place outside his office. Compare: 7. - From the Human Rights draft in PEACE PLANS No.4, Section 23. - LICENSING, PRIVILEGES, MONOPOLIES, EXAMINATIONS, EDUCATION, REGISTRATION.

PROFESSIONS: There is hardly any professional practice, from the preaching of religion to the practice of medicine, which is not today hell-bent in promoting an inferior type of human.” – Laurance Labadie, Selected Essays, p.53. – How much of their professional knowledge could be turned into a computerized expert system which even laymen might use effectively? – I found it amusing that the acquisition of a pet has helped some patients more than their psychologist did. – Not to speak of preachers, “economists”, politicians, bureaucrats and generals. - JZ, 12.3.08.

PROFESSIONS: This multifaceted investiture with the task of relieving a specific inconvenience of man’s estate turns each profession into the analogue of an established cult.” – Ivan Illich, The Disabling Professions, p.20.

PROFESSORS: a professor is a policeman of the intellect.” – Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus I, p.145. – Either a policeman of the worst or of the best sort or one of those who is just bungling on or taking it easy for this money. Conscientious ones are few and far between – as in every trade. - JZ, 13.10.78. – ACADEMICS, EXPERTS, PROFESSIONALS

PROFESSORS: another line of work which seldom attracts great minds.” - L. Neil Smith, Bretta Martyn, p.57.

PROFESSORS: Not smarter than other people, he has his ignorance better organized.” – Edgar Dale. – Ignorance or popular prejudices, especially when it comes to the so-called “social sciences”? - JZ, 12.3.08.

PROFESSORS: There is much wisdom in William F. Buckley’s observation to a Syracuse, New York audience in 1961, that he would rather have the country run by the first 800 people in the Syracuse phone book than 800 professors at Harvard. – Anthony T. Bouscaren, on p. 279 of Outside Looking In. – GOVERNMENT, EXPERTS, ELECTION BY LOT, DEMOCRACY, PROFESSIONALS, LEADERSHIP, ACADEMICS, COMMON MEN

PROFIT: (Each) "participant to a trade subjectively believes that he gains from the transaction. If the swap only occurs by virtue of coercion, no willing exchange would have taken place and the trade does not correspond with the subjective value of at least one actor. One 'profits at another's expense' only if he employs force or fraud in the transaction; by definition, each actor benefits from a free transfer." - Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 2/75. – TRADE & EXCHANGE UNDER FREEDOM

PROFIT: A business should quickly stand on its own, based on the service it provides to society. Profits should not be a reflection of corporate greed but a vote of confidence from society that what is offered by the firm is valued. When a business fails to make profits it should die – it is a waste of recourses to society. A firm should not adopt a paternal attitude towards failing divisions and subsidize them.” - Matsushita, quoted in Pascale/Athos, The Art of Japanese Management, 1981. – Should only popular singers, dancers and actors be allowed to make huge profits from their popularity but not the producers and traders, who do keep us alive? By all means, if you can manage to live well enough without the help of well-organized and efficient producers and traders, do so. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: A man starts with an idea and a few years later, untold millions have profited from it in many ways - ways they've never even thought about. Profit multiplies and spreads contagiously to everyone. You can't help but "catch it" - even if you're hundreds of miles away - or hundreds of years.” – Joan Wilke, THE FREEMAN, 3/75.

PROFIT: A product is simply an idea that has materialized out of profits - one's own profit from previous success or the invested profit of others who see additional opportunity for profit.” – Joan Wilke, THE FREEMAN, 3/75, 158.

PROFIT: A profit economy is nothing more than an open entry, private contract economy with no licensing, permits, trade barriers, subsidies or other governmental restraints, privileges or controls. Its basis must include the realization that one's own progress materially, intellectually and in many ways, is advanced by the progress of others.” – Joan Wilke, THE FREEMAN, 3/75. Much more can be exchanged, at competitive market prices between those, who do produce much that is wanted than between those, who produce little that is wanted, because they are not working hard or long or cleverly enough, or sufficiently equipped with tools, machines or productive capital. They are all profit seeking but the former do it by being more productive and the latter by being less productive. If the former did not find their efforts profitable then they would produce less and all would suffer correspondingly. - JZ, 14.2.11.

PROFIT: A social institution that provide one of the foundation stones of liberty. … In a competitive society, it is the reward for social services which the community, of its own free will, bestows on the enterpriser.” – Dr Claude Robinson

PROFIT: A social order based on private control of the means of production cannot work without entrepreneurial actions and entrepreneurial profit and, of course, entrepreneurial loss. The elimination of profit, whatever methods may be resorted to for its execution, must transform society into a senseless jumble. It would create poverty for all.” - Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.149. – Without profits the inevitable losses cannot be covered and thus mass production for the masses would come to a stop. Would that satisfy the “critics” of profits? – JZ, 18.1.14. – Q.

PROFIT: A still more difficult set of problems comes to mind when one considers that nearly all capital is provided out of profits. They are the main source from which capital can be secured. The socialist millennium in Russia has depended all along upon foreign capital, and would have collapsed years ago but for the folly, as I think of other countries in providing the credits and facilities of capitalism for that degrading business. Capital is accumulated wealth, the product of work done, saved up and put aside for the purpose of providing the basis on which new enterprise can be founded. ...” - E. Benn, The Profit Motive, 1941, in Abel, D., Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.173. – My friend Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, probably still the best writer on monetary freedom, called capital “pre-done labour”, which is also entitled to its just reward. It accounts actually for a much larger part of the output than mere labour and yet labour, for a long time already, has got the lion’s share of the returns from most enterprises. Look at the profit and loss accounts of most enterprises. Compare the wage and salary bill to dividends, interest payments and enterprise profits. – JZ, 18.1.14. - CAPITAL, CAPITALISM, INVESTMENTS, PRODUCTIVITY

PROFIT: According to the views of the socialists it is a vice to make a profit. I am, on the contrary, of the opinion that it is a burden to cause losses.” – Churchill, in my retranslation from the German version: “Nach der Meinung der Sozialisten ist es ein Laster, Gewinn zu erzielen. Ich bin dagegen der Ansicht, dass es ein Last is, Verluste zu machen.“ – Just imagine all or almost all enterprises, just like State enterprises, would only make losses. Would not all or almost all of them then have to be discontinued, rather soon? From what would we live then? Food gathering and hunting, in a growing-up wilderness? How many of us could thus survive? – Q. LOSSES,  PREJUDICES, ENLIGHTENMENT, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF REFUTATIONS

PROFIT: Accumulating profits into huge lumps large enough to achieve monopoly would be discouraged by competition and the erosive effects of time.” – Silvers, Man's Power, p.122.

PROFIT: Adam Smith’s key insight was that both parties to an exchange can benefit and that, so long as cooperation is strictly voluntary, no exchange can take place unless both parties do benefit.” – Milton Friedman - PROFIT IS MUTUAL, UNDER CONDITIONS OF FREEDOM OF EXCHANGE, TRADE, FREE TRADE, VS. PROTECTIONISM, COMPETITION VS. MONOPOLIES

PROFIT: Again and again it is found that the non-profit activities of public bodies produce more expensively.“ – (“Immer wieder stellt sich heraus, dass die nicht auf Gewinn gerichtete oeffentliche Wirtschaft teurer produziert.”) – Karl-Hermann Flach, Noch eine Chance fuer die Liberalen, Eine Streitschrift, Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, 1971, 1977, S.23. – Do all charities operate economically? Does any Welfare State? – JZ, 18.1.14. - CAPITALISM, PRODUCTION FOR USE RATHER THAN PROFIT? NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, PUBLIC SERVICES, NATIONALIZATION, PLANNED ECONOMY, STATE SOCIALISM, CHARITIES, STATE SOCIALISM

PROFIT: All altruists should love profits and hate losses! Profits show the extent to which you have served your fellow men! Losses are antisocial! - And it never gets out of hand, 'cos anyone can be a producer. If the profits in making widgets seem high, we can all have a go at making them, thereby increasing the supply and inevitably reducing the price and profit. (In most countries of course, and certainly in the U.K., the incentive to become a producer is very heavily reduced by countless Government interventions such as occupational licensure and the requirements for producers to be experts in the law and to fill in reams of Government forms, besides the more obvious interventions such as taxation of profit.)” – Terry Arthur, 95 % Is Crap, p.190.

PROFIT: All government controls - wages, prices, tariffs, subsidies and the rest - are all forms of profit control. As such, they are curbs on efficiency. Since every product is a service of some kind, what is taxed is the ability to provide a service. And it is deducted from future efficiency in producing the service. What is being deducted from society in a cumulative and accelerating way, is efficiency itself.” - Joan Wilke, in THE FREEMAN, 3/75.

PROFIT: All relationships are profit-motivated relationships on both sides.” - Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.34.

PROFIT: Although warned we have not renounced thinking about profits. The democratic-capitalist society rests upon service and profit. It does neither have to be ashamed of its services nor of its profits. Since the services are not of the same quality and quantity it is also not unjust at all that the profits are not equal. Moreover, renouncing profits would mean renouncing reserves, it would rest upon the illusion or eternally rosy times. Profit is not to be rejected but the short-sighted consideration of profits only is.” – Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Bd. 4, S. 31. („Obwohl gewarnt, haben wir von dem Profitdenken nicht Abschied genommen. Die demokratisch-kapitalistische Gesellschaft beruht auf Leistung und Gewinn. Sie braucht sich weder der Leistung noch des Gewinns zu schaemen. Da die Leistungen nicht von gleicher Groesse und Qualitaet sind, ist es auch keineswegs ungerecht, dass es die Gewinne nicht seien; der Verzicht auf Profit heisst ueberdies Verzicht auf Reserve, er beruht auf der Illusion ewig rosiger Zeiten. Der Profit ist nicht verwerflich, aber die kurzsichtige Auschliesslichkeit des Profitdenkens ist es.“)

PROFIT: And the only way businessmen can earn profits is by cutting costs of production, since there is very little they can do about the selling prices of their products.” - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 4/76. – To a large extent profits come out of cost savings leading to price reductions, which benefit consumers and give also a larger share of the market to the more efficient firms. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: And what are "unreasonable profits"? An opinion, to be sure. How does one determine if a profit is unreasonable when every risk is different, every person's efforts are different, every situation is different? How can there be an absolute standard for determining how great profits should be? When a man invests in a venture, he has no guarantee that there will be any profit at all. If it turns out to be a losing proposition, is there such a thing as an "unreasonable loss"? In truth, a reasonable profit is whatever profit a person can make by selling his product or service at whatever price the public is willing to pay - without the use of coercion. Profits are never too high. The higher the profits, the better for the economy in general, for all the reasons previously discussed. - Henry Hazlitt has put the necessity for profits in still another light: "The function of profits ... is to put constant and unremitting pressure on the head of every competitive business to introduce further economies and efficiencies ..." - Ringer: Restoring the American Dream, p.88. - Underlining by me. JZ

PROFIT: Another of the universally profitable aspects of an open, competitive economy is that unprofitable activity diminishes, fails and dies out. The pruning of wasteful activity is as necessary to the profitability of an economy and society as the profit of the successful ventures.” - Joan Wilke, in THE FREEMAN, 3/75. – SUCCESS & FAILURES, LOSSES

PROFIT: Australia's future lies, as does all people's, with the individual firms and individuals seeking out and finding the most profitable outlet for their efforts. - Enoch Powell, in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 6/75.

PROFIT: Bad men are always with us. But can they do more evil in the market-place or in the political arena? J. M. Keynes had no doubt: ‘dangerous human proclivities can be canalized into comparatively harmless channels by the existence of opportunities for money-making and private wealth, which if they cannot be satisfied in this way may find their outlet in cruelty, the reckless pursuit o personal power and authority, and other forms of self-aggrandisement. … It is better that a man should tyrannize over his bank balance than over his fellow-citizens. … ‘ - I would add only that people who tyrannise over their fellow-men in the political arena seldom neglect to attend to their personal bank balance.” – Ralph Harris, p.35 of: The End of Government …? - EVIL MEN, POLITICIANS, BUSINESSMEN, FINANCIERS, CAPITALISTS, FREE MARKET, POLITICS, GOVERNMENT

PROFIT: Better being a profit maker than a profit taker.” – Source? - TAXATION

PROFIT: business motivation, the profit motive, is social. It offers one something for another something. Its method are production and exchange.” - ERC World Market Perspective, Canada, 15.10.75.

PROFIT: Business must make a profit.” - Paul L. Poirot, THE FREEMAN, 3/75.

PROFIT: Business will invest if it is allowed profit for risk and for responsibility.” - Malcolm Fraser, THE AUSTRALIAN, 11.1.75. - Unfortunately, while he was Prime Minister of Australia, he did not allow this, either, without “liberal” restrictions and “progressive” taxation which reduced capital accumulation, investments and productive jobs. - JZ 20.7.84, 20.3.09, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: But how often do we step to think that the confiscation of some two-thirds or more of business profits by taxes is restricting the freedom of every competent employer to offer jobs to unemployed job-seekers?” - V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 4/73. – Q., EMPLOYMENT, JOBS

PROFIT: But it is unjust, stupid and wickedly dangerous to regard the profiteer as typical, or to insist, through legislation, on forcing upon the rest of us restrictions designed to eliminate him. These restrictions seldom achieve their purpose. Complicated rules and regulations give new openings to real profiteers and tend to increase their numbers.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.129/30. – Monopoly profits should be distinguished from earned profits. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: But one of the main functions of profit is to shift the control of capital to those who know how to employ it most economically to produce the greatest volume of goods and services for the satisfaction of the public. The more profit a man earns, the greater his wealth consequently becomes, and the more influential does he become in the conduct of business affairs. Losses, work the other way. They are part of the system, as the discipline for failing to supply what the consumer wants.” - Ron Kitching, in talk, 11.11.75.

PROFIT: But the charge the good average businessman took for himself was less – infinitely less - than the charges which would accrue from the establishment of any other known organization capable of taking its place.” – Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.35. – I would have said “his” instead of “its” in the last two words. – We are living at a time when, due to the Internet and its auctions, and its other coordination options, a new kind of businessman is arising, who mediates much more directly and cheaply between those in the world, who have goods or services to offer and those who do want them, eliminating many middlemen, who not yet operate at optimal efficiency. - JZ, 30.3.08. - Any business can also become much more profitable for all its participants once all its participants become profit motivated, because they are self-managing or, between them, own the enterprise and do run it effectively without hierarchically imposed controls. - JZ, 14.2.11. – For all too long mere distribution costs have been all too high compared with production costs. Naturally, monetary despotism played a role in this as well. It made sales more difficult and led to higher advertising costs. If e.g. shop associations could freely issue shop currencies and grant short-term loans for wage and salary payments with their currency, then to that extent their sales would already be assured. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: Capital is like a laborer in that it will not live and work unless it is paid (“profits”). There is a “living wage for capital” just as there is for labor. … - Harper, Writings, p. 40.

PROFIT: Capitalism holds profits derived from risk and investment to be as honorable as wages or rent. Dividends paid to those who invest capital in an enterprise are as worthy as interest paid to a depositor in a savings bank. The idea abroad that risk capital is unproductive is patently false.” - Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77.

PROFIT: Capitalism is identical with the pursuit of profit, and forever renewed by profit, by means of continuous, rational, capitalistic enterprise. For it must be so: in a wholly capitalistic order of society, an individual capitalistic enterprise which did not take advantage of its opportunities for profit making would be doomed to extinction.” - Max Weber: Protestant Ethic and Capitalism.

PROFIT: Capitalists are motivated not chiefly by the desire to consume wealth or indulge their appetites, but by the freedom and power to consummate their entrepreneurial ideas.” - George Gilder, - CAPITALISTS, PROFIT MOTIVE, INCENTIVES, ENTREPRENEURS


PROFIT: Civilization and profits go hand in hand.” - Calvin Coolidge. – Speech in New York, Nov. 27, 1920. – Quoted by George Seldes, The Great Quotations. – How do we know, seeing that so far we have never as yet been fully civilized? – JZ, 23.1.08. – Me thinks that he did at least forget about legalized monopoly profits. Also profits from private crimes with victims. And territorial governments profit from compulsory taxation but civilization does not. – JZ, 9.2.08. – I hold profits derived from monopolies to be immoral and uncivilized. – JZ, 10.4.08. - What about profits from arms industries? Profits from harmful drugs? Profits fraudulently made? – JZ, 10.9.09. – It would be wrong to either praise or condemn all of them equally. – JZ, 18.1.14. - CIVILIZATION, EARNED PROFITS VS. CRIMINAL PROFITS

PROFIT: Compared with the total wage, salary and taxation bills - most profits are relatively small – and they tend to be earned, with the one by one approval by the customers. – The State has become the main monopolist and “exploiter”. - JZ, 20.3.09.

PROFIT: Congress passes endless 'programs'. There is a farm program, a foreign-aid program, a poverty program, a housing program and literally thousands more. - Professor Alfred de Grazia counted more than seven thousand federal programs in 1971. These programs are always more or less intricate sets of procedures, based on some fashionable conjecture. The government employees do what the law says. But their activities are disconnected from any final reality. From time to time, government programs are evaluated, found ineffective, and the program is somehow modified - and more often than not, enlarged.” - R. Cornuelle: Demanaging America, p.58. – Private profits, honestly earned, are to be preferred to governmental “takes”, “revenues” or tribute levies, called taxes and private productive investments of capital to the wasteful spending and counter-productive program spending by territorial governments. – JZ, 18.1.14

PROFIT: consider the evergreen false antithesis between production for profit and production for use. It is, as we shall see in Chapter VI, at least as old as Aristotle’s Politics. Although antique, it is nevertheless false, for what ought to be the very obvious reason that there can be no profit in producing what no one has any wish to buy and, presumably, to use. Of course, what plain or not so plain folk choose to buy may not be what the superior and right-minded – or as the case might be, the left-minded – staunchly believe that they ought to want. It may be conspicuous waste or, to borrow a favourite word of the Mark I 1964 Harold Wilson, candyfloss.” – Source not noted. Probably: Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes. – JZ 

PROFIT: dangerous human proclivities can be canalised into comparatively harmless channels by the existence of opportunities for money-making and private wealth, which, if they cannot be satisfied in this way, may find their outlet in cruelty, the reckless pursuit of personal power and authority and other forms of self-aggrandisement. It is better that a man should tyrannise over his bank balance than over his fellow citizens ...” - Maynard Keynes, quoted by Ralph Harris, Right Turn, P.21.

PROFIT: Each word of these passionate denunciations is false. The businessmen are not irresponsible tyrants. It is precisely the necessity of making profits and avoiding losses that gives to the consumers a firm hold over the entrepreneurs and forces them to comply with the wishes of the people. What makes a firm big is its success in best filling the demands of the buyers. If the bigger enterprise did not better serve the people than a smaller one, it would long since have been reduced to smallness. …” - Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.134. – Consumer sovereignty in free markets remains decisive. Profit seekers do have to please their consumers or customers. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: Environment or profits! - ??? Environment through profits! Otherwise we would still be living in the trees or in caves. - JZ, 4.12.79.

PROFIT: Even the net profits paid out are not necessarily a 'loss' to the workers, because a profitable enterprise attracts investors; what is good for the enterprise obviously is good for its workers.” - Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddhin, THE FREEMAN, 11/72.

PROFIT: Free enterprise must be curbed; aren't profits unjust and immoral? - "Profits are definitely not immoral, mainly because they are not made through coercion. Profits enable businesses and industry to expand operations, create more jobs, produce less-expensive goods, provide better services for the consumer, and invest in technological research. The great labor leader, Samuel Gompers, once said of profits: "The worst crime a company can commit against its employees is not to make a profit." (“The worst crime against working people is a company which fails to operate at a profit.”)” – Sir Ernest Benn: Confessions of a Capitalist.

PROFIT: Free men, who stand to profit from their own ingenuity and effort, will attempt to produce more and more, to their own and the benefit of others, as long as their rewards increase.” - Carl A. Keyser, THE FREEMAN, 9/74.

PROFIT: H. G. Wells and Bernard Shaw made great fortunes by denouncing profits! …” - Henry Ford became the richest man in the world by putting millions of us into motor cars.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.128.

PROFIT: He Gains Most Who Serves Best.” - Paul L. Poirot, article heading in THE FREEMAN, 5/75

PROFIT: Here’s William’s law: Whenever the profit incentive is missing, the probability that people’s wants can be safely ignored is the greatest. It’s not just the post office and schools but delivery of police services and garbage collection as well.” - Walter E. Williams, More Liberty Means Less Government. Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press, 1999, p.5. -

PROFIT: How can a country's morality become so twisted that an individual who works, creates, and uses his reason to be productive, to make a profit, is castigated for his virtues, for his achievements, castigated because he refuses to recognize and voluntarily support the lazy, the indolent, and the professional welfare recipient, castigated because he dares to be successful?” - Jack Anderson and Perry Miles: A Constitution for a Moral Government, 1971, Foundation for Constitutional Studies, POB 4076, Honolulu, Hawai 96813. (I tried, in vain, to contact the authors. Hopefully, by now, they have put this work online or made it available on a disk. – JZ, 19.4.08.) - ENVY

PROFIT: Huge profits are the proof of good service rendered in supplying the consumers.” – Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.135. – Unless there is a legalized monopoly involved. – Like e.g. legally asserted and maintained copyrights and patent-rights. That they are not really genuine and absolute rights is already indicated by their time limitation. Those in favour of such monopolies should apply them only within their own communities of volunteers. – Let them impose penalties upon those of their members who buy “pirated” copies from outside suppliers. - JZ, 16.2.08. – COPYRIGHTS & PATENTS

PROFIT: I am old-fashioned enough to think that parting with his money is often good for the fool.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.129. But if they want “trinkets” then businessmen will supply them and make a profit from such fools. The money of fools is better used in the hands of businessmen than those of fools. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: I am referring here to the virtue of working for a profit. To strive to improve one’s life, to be thrifty and prudent as well as self-fulfilled and joyful – all of this is morally admirable, commendable. To seek profit is right, indeed, for everyone. - Let me dispel a common confusion however. Making profit cannot properly involve assault, fraud, theft, and other parasitic activities with which profit making is so often identified. The morality of productivity – of making, not taking profit – cannot, by its very nature, include stealing the productive results of others’ activities. Profit making consists of activity that produces more than there was previously.” - Tibor Machan, Liberty and Power, p.142. – I suppose that he has remarked elsewhere that making extra monopoly profit from legalized monopolies is neither morally nor economically warranted. – JZ, 20.2.08.

PROFIT: I can’t understand how people can stick to such superstitions! I understand a Muhammad preaching his doctrine, - mediaeval Christianity, the Crusades. Whatever the convictions of those people may have been, they did it in the belief that they knew the truth and were giving that knowledge to others. But now there is nothing! Everything is done for the sake of profit!” – Tolstoi, in A. B. Goldenveizer, “Talks with Tolstoi”, p.32. - I can’t understand how even people like Tolstoi can stick to such superstitions and prejudices against profits! – All too little gets done when there is not profit in it. If one includes in “profits” also the non-monetary benefits of actions, then nothing gets done without profits – or incentives, in the widest sense. – However, productive labours of love are not easily enough organized, not even with the aid of the Internet, so far. Thousands of libertarian and anarchist enlightenment projects remain largely undone or are only all too slowly advanced by individuals. – Have the genuine profit seekers, not the monopoly profit seekers, done as much wrong and harm as the religious fanatics did or did they rather provide wide-spread satisfactions, goods and services gladly bought from them? – If monopolies are involved then these ought to be criticized or attacked and abolished. - JZ, 13.12.83, 23.2.08. – INCENTIVES, MONOPOLIES

PROFIT: I have nothing against making any financial profits, honestly, but I favour sensible freedom, justice and peace efforts even more, even when they cost me as much money and labour as I can afford to spend upon them. Freedom, justice and peace would also be profitable, in the short and long run for all of us. – JZ, 1.8.98, 30.3.08. – FREEDOM, JUSTICE, PEACES & COSTS IN TRYING TO ACHIEVE THEM

PROFIT: I have some statistics that show that the world's twelve largest industrial corporations received total net profits equal to only 7 per cent of (*) sales. So much for the gross libel that the multi-national corporations are the causes of inflation. (**) I am appalled at the utter stupidity of members of the Labor Party in destroying the system, which will provide jobs, better living standards and happiness for every man, woman and child who lives in a Labor electorate. It is to the Labor Party's eternal disgrace that it should jeopardise the little people. The big people can look after themselves. ...” - Morris T. Williams, MP for Box Hill, Victoria, Vic. Hansard, No. 6, p.1490, quoted in PROGRESS, February 1975. - (*) "their" should probably be inserted here. – (**) Higher costs can increase prices but cannot inflation a currency. Price increases can have many other causes than inflation. – JZ, n.d. & 18.1.14.

PROFIT: I work for nothing but my own profit. I earn it.” - Ayn Rand, “Atlas Shrugged”, p.451.

PROFIT: I would emphasize that most of the gains from innovation in the market place are passed on to the community at large. A new idea may yield handsome profits for a time, but the rapid rush of competition soon drives the price of the product down to a modest level. Ballpoint pens were first marketed at $12,50 to those penmen eager to write under water (and, judging by my experience, only under water); they rapidly fell in price and as you know are now so cheap that you have no economic excuse if you do not write the Great American Novel. – Stigler, The Intellectual and the Market Place, p.93. - To get a Great American Novel into print is still a costly and time-consuming enterprise in most instances and few succeed in this. But anyone could afford to sponsor its microfiche, online, CD, floppy disk or email upon orders-publication himself. Even print-on-demand, in very small runs or even single book editions are now possible. - JZ 20.7.84, 19.4.08, 14.2.11.

PROFIT: If an exchange between two parties is voluntary, it will not take place unless both believe they will benefit from it. Most economic fallacies derive from the neglect of this simple insight, from the tendency to assume that there is a fixed pie, that one party can gain only at the expense of another.” - Milton Friedman - EXCHANGE, TRADE,

PROFIT: If the freedom struggle were only driven by financial profits then it would long be dead. – JZ, 24.1.94. – FREEDOM-, PEACE- & JUSTICE STRUGGLE

PROFIT: If the opportunities for the employees of enterprises to buy up their enterprises on long terms, using immediately their own long-term-bonds, high-interest bearing, with value-preserving clauses, to be redeemed out of future production earnings, as means of payment in their take-over bids, were fully known and utilized, then profits would soon become rather popular than suspected or despised and condemned. Efficient former owners should be retained as managers. - JZ 20.7.84, 14.2.11. – PURCHSE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, COMPREHENSIVE EMPLOYEE-SHAREHOLDING, EVERYONE A CAPITALIST & BUSINESSMAN

PROFIT: If the performance of nationalised industries is poor, it is with good reason. The core of the difficulty, pointed out long ago by Ludwig von Mises and never satisfactorily answered since, is that once the system of profit maximisation under competitive conditions is abandoned, there is no available criterion of efficiency to put in its place. Practical proof of this fact is that the Soviet economies of Eastern Europe have so miserably failed to solve their pricing problem. Thus Comecon, the communist version of the Common Market, can find no better way of regulating exchanges between members of the bloc than to use western market prices, ...” - Russell Lewis, in: Right Turn, p.54.

PROFIT: If this country is worth saving, it's worth saving at a profit.” - H. L. Hunt, quoted in David Friedman: The Machinery of Freedom, p.222.

PROFIT: if wealth-creation is what we want, then we can afford to accept no substitute for arrangements ensuring that those who make the investment decisions have proportionate interest in the resulting gains and losses – an interest big enough relative to their own other interests, to be of major concern to them. … these are precisely the arrangements of ‘the obvious and simple system of natural liberty’.” – Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.160.

PROFIT: If workers struggle for higher wages, this is hailed as "social gains", if businessmen struggle for higher profits, this is damned as ‘selfish greed’." – Ayn Rand. - How much of the wages a worker "earned" is really due not to his own physical and mental labours but, rather, to the tools, machines etc. that capitalists provided him with? Most likely a high percentage, while the capitalists are usually satisfied with a low percentage of the returns. The major winner of unearned income in the process is the State with is various direct and indirect taxes. And yet the workers see mostly only in capitalists, not in the State - or in themselves - the exploiters. - JZ, 24.11.06. - & WAGES, GREED, SELFISHNESS, WORKERS & BUSINESSMEN, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY,

PROFIT: If you haven't a monopoly then the profits, dividends, wages and salaries you received are really earned rather by cutting costs and prices than by adding to them. - JZ, 12.9.01, 31.1.02. - DIVIDENDS, WAGES, SALARIES, PRICES, COSTS

PROFIT: If, however, the profit system, with its necessity for avoiding loss, is abandoned, then the restraint upon each one of us is removed; there is hardly any limit to the value we can place upon our own efforts. The rate of our remuneration is no longer governed by the willingness of the market, the free consumer, to pay the price which we put upon our services, but will depend upon our ability to organize ourselves in such away as to browbeat the Government into placing us in a position of advantage over all the rest.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, June 1941, reproduced in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix II, p.168.

PROFIT: Imagine a girl who wants to "live at your expense" in the future, "exploiting" you by marrying you. Aren't her chances the greatest if she pleases you most, in every respect? - JZ 18.11.82. – Naturally, Bastiat’s saying: “Society IS exchange!” - does apply here, too. – JZ, 19.4.08. –

PROFIT: In 1705, a Dutch-born philosopher named Bernard Mandeville published in England a satire called Fable of the Bees. This perverse little essay showed how evil men often contribute more to society than good men. Oddly enough, [the? - JZ] Fable proved to be one of history’s really important works. It lighted the long fuse, which in time detonated the Industrial Revolution. - Mandeville had stubbed his toe on a curious phenomenon. He saw that selfish personal behavior often led to good social results, “Private vices,” he subtitled the book, “make public benefits.” He contended that greed, an ultimate evil in the feudal world, often drove people to do things, which brought benefits to others. - No one had really grasped this nettle before. The moral tradition of the time was built upon what scholars call the Montaigne dogma, which says simply that the good things of this world are firmly fixed in quantity; hence, one man’s gain must be another man’s loss. You could only enrich yourself by impoverishing somebody else. So greed was antisocial, a sin against your fellow men. - Although he didn’t know it at the time, Mandeville’s satire blew the Montaigne dogma forever out of the water. He had discovered that man’s acquisitive impulse, in other words the profit motive, actually generates new wealth. If so, greed need not be morally suppressed. When held in check by competition, greed could serve the public good. Organizing commercial activity around the profit motive turned out, in time, to be the only really sensible way to conduct a nation’s economic affairs. It put the vital force of each man’s selfishness to work for society.” - Richard C. Cornuelle, Reclaiming the American Dream, A Vintage Book, p.47/48. – GREED, COMPETITION, RICHES, PROSPERITY, INCENTIVES, PUBLIC GOOD, ACQUISITIVE IMPULSE, COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY,  

PROFIT: In a capitalist society, profit is not a goal or a motive. It is a discipline: that one should bring to society more than one takes from it. – François-René Đặng-Vũ Bân Rideau - Facebook, 18.6.12.

PROFIT: In a free market, under a system of free competition, nothing is contributed to the general service of the community so cheaply as that essential element known as a profit.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, 60.

PROFIT: In all labor there is profit.” – Bible, Book of Proverbs. – There are many kinds of unprofitable labours, e.g. those of bureaucrats and politicians, paid for coercively through taxes or because they are monopolized. And not all labour is profitably employed. Recently I had difficulties even in giving away a handbag laboriously assembled out of colourful bits of leather. The labour involved did not give it any value in the eyes of those I offered it to, free of charge, nor did its unusual design, a small work of art. Mail order catalogues offer similar bags for $ 30. – I saw in it a refutation of the labour theory of value. – JZ, 30.3.08. – LABOR, WAGES, SALARIES

PROFIT: In branding profits as excessive and penalizing the efficient entrepreneurs by discriminatory taxation, people are injuring themselves. Taxing profits is tantamount to taxing success in best serving the public. The only goal of all production activities is to employ the factors of production in such a way that they render the highest possible output. The smaller the input required for the production of an article becomes, the more of the scarce factors of production is left for the production of other articles. But the better an entrepreneur succeeds in this regard, the more is he vilified and the more is he soaked by taxation. Increasing costs per unit of output, that is, waste, is praised as a virtue.” – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.121.

PROFIT: In every equitable trade there are two profits, one for the buyer and one for the seller. Each gives up what he wants less for what he desires more; both have acquired an increase in value. But, when the political power deprives Tom of his possessions, he ceases, to the extent of the peculation, to patronize Dick and Harry. They are without a customer in the amount of the tax and are consequently disemployed. The dole handed them thus actually impoverishes them, just as it has impoverished Tom.” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.235. – TAXATION & DOLE, WELFARE STATE IMPOVERISHES

PROFIT: In the commercial sector, the motivation is the desire for profit. In the government sector, the motivation is the desire for power. …” - Richard C. Cornuelle, Reclaiming the American Dream, A Vintage Book, p.55. – POWER, INCENTIVES, GOVERNMENT, ECONOMY, COMMERCE

PROFIT: in the free market the most efficient producer is the one earning the greatest profits.” - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 10/74. – EFFICIENT PRODUCERS

PROFIT: investment – unless it is to be just still more scarce resources down the drain – has to be wealth-creating; and hence, whether privately or publicly, profitable.” - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.158. – INVESTMENTS, CAPITAL, BUSINESS, WASTE, WEALTH CREATION, CAPITALISM

PROFIT: Is it not better to stand up not for just one's right to make a profit but for the perfect propriety of profit seeking? When one is defending not just some personal quirk (as some social scientists characterize a moral principle) or a habit inherited from our elders (as other social scientists explain away what one believes is right) but the right and justice of earning a good living and trying to earn more, preparation is needed. It would be all well and good if today's intellectuals would allow the case for profit the same hearing as the case for self-sacrifice. They do not. Now it must be the business community itself that carries out this self-defensive action. It is the industrialists, their spokesmen, lawyers, and friends, who must simply explain to those who accuse, accuse and accuse some more, without a shred of evidence, that the pursuit of happiness is both a right and a good, which people in business try to realize by making a profit.” - Tibor Machan, in THE MERCURY, 11/78. – PROPRIETY, JUSTICE, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES & ECONOMICS REQUIRE THEM, PROPERTY RIGHTS OF OWNERS, INVESTORS & OF WAGE EARNERS DO PROFIT FROM THEM, PENSION FUND SOCIALISM

PROFIT: It is a socialist idea that making profits is a vice; I consider the real vice is making losses. –Winston Churchill Capitalism, free market, free exchange under free pricing & value standard reckoning, with not money issue monopoly as an obstacle, are all profitable, even for members of the working class. – J.Z, 3.4.12. – & LOSSES, STATE SOCIALISM, CAPITALISM, FREE EXCHANGE, FREE MARKET, FREE PRICING, SOUND VALUE STANDARDS, FREE BANKING, WORKING CLASS PROFITS FROM ECONOMIC FREEDOM RATHER THAN STATE INTERVENTIONISM

PROFIT: It is a socialist idea that making profits is a vice; I consider the real vice is making losses.” – Winston S. Churchill - VS. LOSSES & STATE SOCIALISM

PROFIT: It is curious to observe that all the politicians seem to have settled on this anti-profit plank at the very moment when the State and not the individual is far more interested in profits than are those who make them. The argument is that the State must come first and that in some way or another profits militate against the welfare of the State, and therefore it must abolish profits. But the argument does not fit the facts, as we stand today. Taking the case of the largest profits, 97 ½ % of 19 s. 6d of every sovereign goes straight to the State coffers. There is Income Tax of 10s and Surtax of s 6d, making together 19s td. While the war lasts there is in addition the Excess Profits Tax, through which the State takes practically everything in the way of profit above the standard of the pre-war period. This position is accepted by all as right and proper while the war lasts, but is fraught with the greatest danger when once again we return to the work of peace. … - Sir Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, June 1941, reproduced in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix II, p.175.

PROFIT: It is inconceivable that any human mind, regardless of how brilliant and wise, could coalesce these trillions of disparate bits of knowledge. What is it, then, that brings them together for their remarkable and countless performances? There has to be an ingathering or beckoning force and we should have some idea as to what it is or how it functions. - This beckoning force, I believe, operates through self-interest - the profit motive, material and psychic, plus competition and free pricing - these being found only in an essentially free society.” – Leonard E. Read: Let Freedom Reign, p.23.

PROFIT: It is of the essence of a free society that we should be materially rewarded not for doing what others order us to do (*), but for giving them what they want (**). Our conduct ought certainly be guided by our desire for their esteem. But we are free because the success of our daily efforts does not depend on whether particular people (do? – JZ) like us, or our principles, or our religion, or our manners, (***) and because we can decide whether the material reward others are prepared to pay for our services makes it worth-while for us to render them.” – F. A. Hayek, The Moral Element in Free Enterprise, quoted in THE FREEMAN. - - (*) Unless we get and accept commercial orders for certain goods or services. – (**) in free exchanges. – (***) or our race. - JZ, 30.3.08. – WAGES, INCOMES, TRADES, FREE EXCHANGES, FREE MARKETS

PROFIT: It is of the essence of trade, not that any advantage of one party can be achieved only at the expense of the other, but that no deal is made at all unless, whether rightly or wrongly, both parties believe that they stand to gain thereby – or at least prefer the deal actually made to any available alternative deal, and to no deal at all.” - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.150.

PROFIT: It is profit and loss that force the capitalists to employ their capital for the best possible service to the consumers. It is profit and loss that make those people supreme in the conduct of business who are best fit to satisfy the public. If profit is abolished, chaos results.” - Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.134. – BUSINESSES, EMPLOYERS, PRODUCERS, CONSUMER SATISFACTION

PROFIT: It will be evident from the foregoing that the economic system through which civilization has been developed is essentially a democratic system. It evolved a practical universal suffrage, in theory at least, long before any politician thought of universal votes. The profit and loss system makes for responsibility in the individual; any other system reduces the individual to a state in which no sense of responsibility is required or expected.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.138/39. - & LOSS, DEMOCRACY OF THE MARKET, CIVILIZATION, RESPONSIBILITY

PROFIT: It's profit that makes the world go 'round - and if that isn't love, it's at least enough appreciation of others to allow them to profit, and in so doing, to profit oneself.” - Joan Wilke, THE FREEMAN, 3/75, p.159.

PROFIT: It's the profit consideration that gives one the opportunity to put money where it will do the most good.” - David A. Bossen, quoted in "Whatever became of Free Enterprise?" p.58, by R. L. Soble.

PROFIT: Large profits are in most instances the proof of good service rendered in supplying the consumer. Losses are not always but are often the proof of blunders committed, of failure to perform satisfactorily the tasks incumbent upon a successful businessman. The profits of successful business are not the cause of anyone's poverty.” - Ron Kitching, in talk, 11.11.75. - & GOOD SERVICES, LOSSES & MISTAKES OR EVEN BLUNDERS, POVERTY NOT CAUSED BY SUCCESSFUL ENTERPRISES

PROFIT: LeFevre emphasizes the “profit” motive, but uses a less-loaded term, “plus factor” to show that individuals (including children) act to increase these “plus factors”. The pleasure a parent derives from a child and the knowledge that everything possible has been done to see that child into mature and productive adulthood is as much a “profit” as any investment state in dollars.” – Beverly Anderson, in THE FREEMAN, May 77, p.318, on Robert LeFevre: Lift Her Up, Tenderly. – Children are still considered to be profitable to parents – in spite of their present high upbringing and education costs and the prohibition of child labour. However, few parents have now more than two or three children. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: Let me point out that at the time of the industrial Revolution we had pollution, sometimes far worse than what it presently is. But businessmen went to work to re-invent sewer pipes, and to come up with other developments in technology and chemistry to help whip disease and plague and to make the world safer for people. They did these things because the public demanded it. And they could profit by doing it. Today they are told they cannot profit but will go to jail. Punishment or the threat of it has always been a shabby inducement or motivation. Normally, under threat, we do only enough to escape the worst. With profits available, we can perform the seemingly miraculous.” - LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Winter 77. - PUNISHMENT

PROFIT: Let's get something straight right at the beginning. There's only one motive that's going to help poor people get on their feet in this country: the profit motive. Self interest. ‘What's in it for me?’ And that's the way it should be." - Ad-text quoted in "Reason", 9/74. – SELF-INTEREST OF WORKERS & BOSSES, CAPITALISTS

PROFIT: Money that has not be wasted.” – A. V. Burdine – Rather, a reward by satisfied customers to those who did not waste capital and labor. – JZ, 12.4.08.

PROFIT: Mr. Lippmann put his finger on the heart of the matter in saying that the fear that "one man's or one country's gain is another man's or another country's loss, is undoubtedly the greatest obstacle to human progress. It is the most primitive of all our social feelings and the most persistent and obstinate prejudice, which we retain from our barbarian ancestors. It is upon this prejudice that civilization has foundered again and again. It is upon this prejudice that all schemes of conquest and exploitation are engendered. It is this prejudice which causes almost all men to think that the Golden Rule is a counsel of perfection which cannot be followed in the world of affairs.” - Newton Dillaway, "Consent", Lee's Summit, Missouri, 1967, p.74. - Quoted in L. E. Read: Who's Listening? p.42.

PROFIT: nearly all capital is provided out of profits. They are the main source from which capital can be secured. The socialist millennium in Russia has depended all along upon foreign capital, and would have collapsed years ago but for the folly, as I think, of other countries in providing the credits and facilities of capitalism for that degrading business. Capital is accumulated wealth, the product of work done, saved up and put aside for the purpose of providing the basis on which new enterprise can be founded. If profits are to be abolished some new source must be found to provide capital …” - Sir Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, June 1941, reproduced in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix II, p.173. – CAPITAL AS PRE-DONE LABOR & PRECONDITION FOR FURTHER PRODUCTIVE WORK

PROFIT: Neither does the average man comprehend that profits are indispensable in order to direct the activities of business into those channels in which they serve him best. He looks upon profits as if their only function were to enable the recipients to consume more than he himself does. He fails to realize that their main function is to convey control of the factors of production into the hands of those who best utilize them for his won purposes. He did not, as he thinks, renounce becoming an entrepreneur out of moral scruples. He chose a position with a more modest yield because he lacked the abilities required for entrepreneurship or, in rare cases indeed, because his inclinations prompted him to enter upon another career.” – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.144.

PROFIT: No man profiteth but by the loss of others.” – Michel de Montaigne, 1533-1592. – That notion entirely disregards the very nature of every voluntary trade or exchange. Man is a producer and trader, not only a robber. – JZ, 12.7.92. - All such popular errors should finally be encyclopaedically collected and confronted with their best refutations. - JZ, 27.11.02. - Not one of his most clever remarks. But then even great heads collect many popular prejudices in them. – And his age was not characterized by great productivity and quite free exchange leading to great profits for all involved from win-win exchanges. – Whoever holds such view still in our time would be a much bigger fool on this subject. - JZ, 23.2.08. - & LOSS, ROBBERIES, MONOPOLIES, THEFT, LOSS, ZERO SUM GAMES, CLASS WARFARE, RULE OR BE RULED VS. WIN-WIN OR TRADING OR FREE EXCHANGE ARRANGEMENTS, AGREEMENTS, CONTRACTS, COMPETITION, FREE ENTERPRISE,

PROFIT: no one … has any business simply to assume that the desire to make a profit is always and necessarily selfish and discreditable, while the corresponding desires to obtain a wage, or a salary, or a retirement income, are - apparently - not. No doubt all these various desires are interested, in the sense that those who are guided by any of them are  in the immortal words of Damon Runyon, the Balzac of Broadway - ‘doing the best they can’. But, precisely because this does apply equally to all, we can find no ground here for condemning one and not the other.” - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.147.

PROFIT: No one ought to profit from doing wrong to another.” - Tibor Machan, "REASON" 3/72. Whether he profits or loses is irrelevant. No one ought to wrong another. That is a sufficient admonition. - JZ, 1/75.

PROFIT: No such incentives exist with government financing. In fact, government has a tendency to throw good money after bad.” - Thomas J. Dilorenzo, The Real Lincoln, Forum, Prima Publishing, - - 2002, p.248. - & LOSSES

PROFIT: None of these “profiteers” ever had a shilling which was not paid freely by others, who were always at liberty to spend their money some other way.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.129. – Discussing fortunes made by soap makers: He preceded the above conclusion with the remark: “When the final story is told, William Lever may be found to have added more to life and health than all the State medical officers put together.”

PROFIT: Nothing more is needed to bring a perfected answer from obscurity than the economic incentive and prospect of a profit. We should neither overlook nor deprecate the power of a hoped-for profit; it is one of the best mothers invention ever had.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.5. - This overlooks that a true and free market for all kinds of inventions, innovations and reforms does not yet exist, neither in the recording, nor the publicity sphere, that of public debate and that of application. It has to be established first. And it requires also that not only inventors and scientists are freed to experiment - and get in touch with other sponsors than bureaucrats - but also all kinds of liberators and reformers must get freedom of action, freedom to experiment - at their expense and risk, independent of any existing restrictive or prohibitive legislation. Naturally, no one should be forced into any of this experimentation, registration, publicity and discussion. It is only for those who are or would be interested - but they must be brought into perfect and easy contact with each other by such a market. - See PEACE PLANS 20 & 183 & the second book of my father on the subject, a micro-fiched and digitized German manuscript only. (At is the English translation of his first German book on this subject.) – JZ, 19.4.08.

PROFIT: Notice, by the way, that nobody is compelled to maximize his monetary returns. Those who prefer leisure, contemplation, voluntary work, getting into the honours list, or other satisfactions, can under capitalism turn aside from the "rat race" and maximise whatever combination and forms of income and idleness suits their tastes. Furthermore, although most people will work harder for their families than for whatever passes in peace-time as "the national interest", ...” - Ralph Harris: in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.20.

PROFIT: Now we come to profits. Profits do two things. The first is to act as a message "make some more, please". Consumers want more beer. They bid up the price. The higher price increases the profits. Some greedy people look up from their tobacco rolling machines and see those profits. They decide to make beer instead. ...” - Terry Arthur, 95% Is Crap, p.189

PROFIT: Now, one of the main functions of profits is to shift the control of capital to those who know how to employ it in the best possible way for the satisfaction of the public. The more profits a man earns, the greater his wealth consequently becomes, the more influential does he become in the conduct of business affairs. Profit and loss are the instruments by means of which the consumers pass the direction of production activities into the hands of those who are best fit to serve them. Whatever is undertaken to curtail or to confiscate profits, impairs this function. The result of such measures is to loosen the grip the consumers hold over the course of production. The economic machine becomes, from the point of view of the people, less efficient and less responsive. – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.123. – SERVE THE CONSUMERS & THE WORKERS

PROFIT: One of the many functions of profits is the payment of losses. It is evident that there must be losses as well as profits. Nobody suggests that when the buyer pays 1s. for an article, that 1s. can always have been made to provide the exact costs of the article, no more or less. If it provides more, there is profit, if it provides less, there is a loss. If, therefore, profits were abolished, some other plan would have to be devised by which the losses could be paid for. …” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.130/31. The Profit Motive, June 1941, reproduced in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix II, p.172. - LOSSES

PROFIT: One should especially look at the use of profit as a measure or indicator of the effectiveness of the industrial activity of our enterprises.” - Y. G. Liberman, Economic Methods of Increasing the Effectiveness of Socialist Production, USSR, 1970.

PROFIT: Only profit-makers on a relatively free market can feed the world all the time and sufficiently. Subsistence farmers are often unable even to feed themselves. – JZ, 22.9.91. – To the extent that there is a free world market, a free economy, no natural catastrophe, no war, civil war, revolution or anti-economic interventionism, central planning or despotism, hunger has been eliminated from the world and, rather, obesity and lack of exercise has become a problem. – JZ, 30.3.08.

PROFIT: Paradoxical as it may seem, no profits are excessive, but all losses are.” – J. Brooks Colburn, THE FREEMAN, 6/79.

PROFIT: Peace not Profit! - ? - Peace through Profit! - JZ, 2.8.82. - A population that made no profits and only suffered losses would soon be reduced to absolute poverty and tempted to live by robbery and aggression, if it still remained blind to its productivity potential under full economic freedom and rights. – JZ, 19.4.08. - A popular peace notion, not better than most others. Profit and higher wages through peace! – would make much more sense. – JZ, 2.8.82, 12.4.08. – DIS, PEACE.

PROFIT: Prices and profit are all that most producers need to be able to serve more effectively the needs of men they do not know. They are a tool for searching – just as, for the soldier or hunter, the seaman or air pilot, the telescope extends the range of vision.” - F. A. Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.104.

PROFIT: Probably as much nonsense has been written about profit as has been written about interest. The correct descriptions, slogans and aphorisms on of both have still not been popularized. – JZ, 20.3.09. – INTEREST, DIVIDENDS, EXPLOITATION

PROFIT: Products without profits to the producer will either not be produced or will be produced without profits to their users. – JZ, 1.7.89.

PROFIT: Profit accrues to the efficient producer who manages to cut costs; it is taken out of costs, not something added to the price.” - Paul L. Poirot, THE FREEMAN, 3/75, p.160. – COSTS & PRICES, COST REDUCTIONS & PRICE REDUCTIONS INCREASE PROFITS

PROFIT: Profit acts like a magnet drawing the market toward efficiency and inventiveness.” - Joan Marie Leonard, THE FREEMAN, March 77.

PROFIT: Profit and freedom of press: "But how can one possibly relate Ford Motor Company (an example of production for profit) with freedom of the press? Well, begin with this empirical test: Wherever in the world the Ford Company can produce cars for profit, freedom of the press exists to some degree, and usually to a high degree. But wherever in the world the economic system prevents Ford Motor Company (or its equivalent ) from operating for a profit, there is no freedom of the press at all. None. (*) Nor can there be. Check it out. Where in the world is Ford forbidden to own plants and to produce cars for a profit? Russia? China? Bulgaria? Yes, its impossible for Ford to own and operate plants in any of the "common ownership" Nations (**) that deny the concept of production for profit instead of for service.” - P. Dean Russell, THE FREEMAN, 2/78. - (*)"None". That is exaggerated; on minor improvements of a wrongful, coercive and sluggish system, there is considerable freedom of expression, in these countries, probably more than in most parts of the West. Only the basic and major wrongs, the inherent violence and inefficiency of the whole totalitarian system may not be freely discussed there. But even here one should keep in mind that such wrongs and inefficiencies are also practised, although to a lesser degree, in the West - and that they are all too little discussed there! - JZ20.7.84. - (**) It is wrong to class totalitarian states, completely party-run and bureaucracy-run as "common ownership" nations. Ownership is quite uncommon there and prosecuted or pre-empted, except in a very limited private sphere. Almost all other forms of common ownership, especially the voluntary ones, of the capitalistic type or the types of voluntary socialism, are suppressed. Only the State Socialist form of common ownership is permitted. And it concentrates all controls in the hands of a few, i.e., it does make common ownership quite uncommon. – JZ, 20.7.84. – COMMUNISM, TOTALITARIANISM

PROFIT: Profit and losses are instruments by means of which the consumers pass the direction of productive activities into the hands of those who are best fitted to serve them.” - Ron Kitching, in talk, 11.11.75.

PROFIT: profit differentials are an indispensable guide to rational allocation of resources.” - Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.115.

PROFIT: Profit is a blessing, if it is not stolen.” - Shakespeare. – Alas, only in my retranslation from a German version: “Gewinn ist Segen, wenn man ihn nicht stiehlt.”

PROFIT: Profit is a fine and honorable reward for efficient service - and no wicked and slothful servant is entitled to it.” - Paul L. Poirot, THE FREEMAN, 3/75.

PROFIT: Profit is a product of the mind, of success in anticipating the future state of the market. It is a spiritual and intellectual phenomenon.” – Ludwig von Mises. Rather a financial reward for ingenuity and mental efforts in serving other people the way they want to be served. – JZ, 20.3.09.

PROFIT: Profit is a signal that valuable services are being rendered to people on a voluntary basis.” – Lew Rockwell - Profits from monopolies, privileges, frauds, thefts and robberies, including taxes and tributes, excepted. - How much revenue would present governments get under quite voluntary taxation? - JZ, 25. 11. 06. - BASED UPON VOLUNTARISM,

PROFIT: Profit is evil. Make losses!” - Source unknown at present. - If people were really consistent and also frank about their intentions, then they would publicly state: A) Profit is evil - therefore make losses. B) Make losses at the expense of other people. C) Force others to pay the bill for your losses. - Since they do act in accordance with these maxims they might as well publicly declare or confess them. - JZ 1.11.76, reworded 20.7.84, 1.2.11. – BAILOUTS, SUBSIDIES

PROFIT: Profit is good.” - Old Hindu saying, quoted from FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, Aug/Oct. 99, p.13.

PROFIT: Profit is joy. - Inscription on a wall in Pompeii. - READER'S DIGEST, 10/79.

PROFIT: Profit is not a dirty word.” - John Pearce, 5.7.82.

PROFIT: Profit is not without honor.” - John Pearce, 5.7.82.

PROFIT: profit is nothing but a commission on economy.” - E. Benn, Benn's Protest, p.66. - Profit is only a commission on economy. – Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p. 37.

PROFIT: profit is the gauge of utility. No less is it the gauge of capacity for management.” – S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.245.

PROFIT: Profit is the INCENTIVE toward activity, the REWARD for the activity and the MEANS of accomplishing activity. The more an entrepreneur profits, the more he is able to accomplish, and his scale of profitable activity expands rapidly.” - Joan Wilke, THE FREEMAN, 3/75.

PROFIT: Profit is the price we pay to keep prices low.“- Charles H. Granger, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 5/75, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 1/77.

PROFIT: Profit is the universal spur, then, behind the spirit of free enterprise. It is a force for - as conditioned by ethics, by the absence of fraud and force - the public interest, the social good.” - William H. Peterson, Entrepreneurship, the Possible Dream, THE FREEMAN, Nov. 85, p.695. - As far as possible and desired by the participants, entrepreneurship and proprietary interests should be spread, in a businesslike way, among all the employees in an enterprise, turning them into shareholders, partners or co-operators or independent sub-contractors, so that the contrariness of the employer-employee relationship, its organized antagonism, as Hyacinthe Dubreuil called it, its class warfare notions and its anti-industrial warfare does disappear, to the advantage of all who work in an enterprise, invested in it and who buy its products or its services. – JZ, 3.3.08. – TRADE UNIONISM, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, SELF-MANAGEMENT, PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMMPLOYEES

PROFIT: Profit-making would become a popular occupation for all if everyone were given a chance at it, if most people were not remaining stuck in the employee- subordination relationship, at more or less fixed wages or salaries, without significant incentive earnings. - JZ 20.7.84. – See especially the book “A Chance for Everybody”, by Hyacinthe Dubreuil. – Aldous Huxley, in “Ends and Means”, recommended it. – I micro-fiched it. - JZ, 19.4.08. – It deserves to be put online. – An English manuscript of H. D. on federalism ended up with the heirs of Dr H. G. Pears (Sydney), in Canberra. I was unable to retrieve this copy from them. I had lent it to Dr. Pearce. – Catholics are supposed to believe in property rights. - If it is as good as some of his printed books … - Books still have their fate! – JZ, n.d. & 18.1.14.

PROFIT: Profiteering is comparatively simple when the State, instead of a free market, is the quarry. (exploiter? – JZ.) Man in the mass is much more easily gulled than are millions of single individuals protected by freedom and competition.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Modern Government, p.40.

PROFIT: Profits ... are, in effect, not added into price but taken out of the costs.” - John Chamberlain –

PROFIT: Profits also force producers (*) to behave themselves. If producers waste input, their production costs will be higher and they’ll charge prices higher than what consumers are willing to pay. Therefore, the company will make losses (negative profits) and go out of business. As a result the company’s resources become available to someone who’ll put them to a better use. …” - Walter E. Williams, More Liberty Means Less Government. Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press, 1999, – p.5. – (*) and traders – JZ. - & LOSSES

PROFIT: Profits and loss withdraw the material factors of production from the hands of the inefficient and convey them into the hands of the more efficient. It is their social function to make a man the more influential in the conduct of the business the better he succeeds in producing commodities for which people scramble. - It is therefore beyond the point to apply to profits the yardstick of personal merit or happiness. Of course, Mr. X would probably be as happy with 10 millions as with 100 millions. From a metaphysical point of view, it is certainly inexplicable why Mr. X should make 2 millions a year, while the Chief Justice or the nation's foremost philosophers and poets make much less. But the question is not about Mr. X; it is about the consumers. Would the consumers be better and more cheaply supplied if the law were to prevent the most efficient entrepreneurs from expanding the sphere of their activities? The answer is clearly in the negative.” –Ludwig vonMises, Planning for Freedom p.16.

PROFIT: Profits and prosperity climb ... together.” - Dean Smith, Conservatism, p.75.

PROFIT: Profits are a public service.” - Terry Arthur, 95% Is Crap, p.216. – Rather an earned reward for a public service, unless they were due to fraud, privileges or monopolies. – JZ, 20.3.09.

PROFIT: Profits are for people.” - John T. Connor, SATURDAY REVIEW, 10.7.76.

PROFIT: Profits are now viewed the way sex used to be. Everybody thinks there’s more of it than there really is – and that somebody else is getting most of it.” – Robert Finch. - JOKES

PROFIT: Profits are that part of the mechanism by which the society decides what it does wish to have produced.” – Wallich. (JZ tr. of: “Profite sind jener Teil des Mechanismus durch den die Gesellschaft entscheidet, was sie produziert haben moechte.“) – All except monopoly profits. – JZ, 10.4.08. – Not only all of society makes such decisions but individuals do and groups of individuals with alike interests. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: Profits are the lifeblood of free enterprise. Instead of being a form of economic parasitism, as some would have us believe, they are a sort of combined starter and sustainer for the entire free enterprise economy. They are, in part, the necessary inducement to people to save and to risk those savings in the capital structure of the nation, as is necessary for progress and economic growth. They also serve as a necessary cushion against the chance of failure, for those who would be enterprising. They encourage the self-employed to work, and the employers to use many employees efficiently. Lacking these incentives, coming only from profits, a nation will stagnate and the existing economic machine will stall.” – Dr F. A. Harper, Writings, p.39. – At least some form of productive cooperatives, partnerships, autonomous group work and other self-management schemes would give every former employee a proprietary capital and profit incentive, too. They do thus have the potential to be much more productive than the still hierarchically run private enterprises, with their employer-employee relationship, an “organized antagonism” as Hyacinthe Dubreuil called it. – JZ, 22.3.08. – SELF-MANAGEMENT, FREEDOM AT THE WORKPLACE, COOPS, GANG WORK, AUTONOMOUS WORK GROUPS

PROFIT: profits are the only source from which to replace all the wear and tear and wastage associated with all human endeavour. Among the many troubles now germinating for the future is that which will arise when we go too far with the taxation and confiscation of profits calculated as the tax-gatherers now calculate them, without adequate reference to the costs of wear and tear and wastage, or the need for adequate reserves.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, June 1941, reproduced in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix II, p.174. – EVERY tax goes too far and is wrong, unless it is unanimously supported in a community of volunteers. – JZ, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: profits are the reward conferred by the consumer for efficient production; that profits are also the best guaranty of high wages and continued employment ...” - John Hospers, "REASON", 9/72. – HIGH WAGES, JOBS, UNEMPLOYMENT

PROFIT: Profits are wages. Wages are profits. - JZ, 74.

PROFIT: Profits does not add to the costs of goods and services but comes out of cost savings achieved in their supply. It has nothing to do with monopolies, force and exploitation but is a fee voluntarily paid for services rendered. – JZ, 20.4.86, 18.1.14.

PROFIT: Profits from armament production (blamed by those who think mainly in terms of guilty persons and not in terms of cause and effect) come almost exclusively out of coercively collected tax funds, moreover they are distributed by government bureaucrats. To the extent that they come out of government loans and confiscated private savings and insurance funds they are due to public ignorance and apathy which is as worthy of blame as the thoughtlessness of armament manufacturers and armament workers. Lastly, even these loans, if they are ever repaid, are repaid out of coercively collected tax funds, collected at some future date. If they are not repaid they amount to a confiscation. - With this “financing system”, quite obviously, what the one wins the other has to lose. Worse still, the losers lose more than the profiteers win, due to the high brokerage charge demanded by the bureaucrats. Thus, in balance, there is no profit but a loss for the community, a loss, which should tend to turn people into peace lovers. - Unjustified returns or monopoly "profits" can be made here, as well as anywhere else, only under a system of compulsory taxation, State budgets and coercively upheld privileges, not under laissez faire capitalism. – Those, who imagine that only "capitalists" are "greedy", tend to forget that among the most "greedy" ones are the unionists working in arms industries. Unionists most of all uphold the fiction that only armaments could guarantee full employment. Few realize that peaceful production has certain advantages over it and that 90 % of all people still suffer many basic wants, more than the whole of mankind could produce in a few months, or even a few years, and that these wants can grow without limits, thus providing, under freedom, endless work opportunities. - Unionists, like the armament manufacturers, only help to continue the present dangers arising from territorial power struggles, arms races and the nuclear war threat. They do not cause them. They, like the manufacturers, are merely agents of territorial and statist system, which makes for nuclear war. They are an effect, not a cause. - A true radical would go much further back, to the real roots of war. - See : Capitalism, Decision, Greed, Economic Freedom, Employment, Free Enterprise, Free Trade, Laissez Faire, Personal Thinking, Socialism, Taxation, Voluntary Taxation. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - UNIONISM

PROFIT: Profits generated by a free (or even semifree) enterprise system are the means by which the various producing segments of a complex society, employing a division of skills, can gauge their success in meeting the requirements of society. Profits mean that a company is successful in meeting consumer demand for its products; decreasing profits mean that the company's energy is misdirected and should be reoriented toward more urgent requirements.” - Kurt V. Leininger, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03.

PROFIT: Profits guide resources to their highest valued uses as determined by people’s wants and desires.” - Walter E. Williams, More Liberty Means Less Government. Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press, 1999, p.4. -

PROFIT: Profits is not a dirty word. Taxes is. - JZ, 76.

PROFIT: Profits result from successfully supplying consumers with what they most intensely desire at the time of their valuations; losses from the failure to do so.” - Dave Osterfield, THE FREEMAN, 10/74. - This does not apply to all innovative products - for many of which the desire of consumers has first to be awakened. - JZ 20.7.84. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, TALENT CENTRE, MARKET FOR INNOVATIONS & INNOVATORS

PROFIT: Profits should not be a reflection of corporate greed but a vote of confidence from society that what is offered by the firm is valued. When a business fails to make profits it should die – it is a waste of resources to society. A firm should not adopt a paternal attitude toward its failing divisions and subsidize them. – Neither should any government. – JZ, 23.12.13. – Richard Tanner Pascale & Anthony G. Athos, The Art of Japanese Management, Penguin Books, 1982, p.49.

PROFIT: Profits should not be a reflection of corporate greed but a vote of confidence from society that what is offered by the firm is valued. When a business fails to make profits it should die – it is a waste of resources to society. A firm should not adopt a paternal attitude toward its failing divisions and subsidize them. – Neither should any government. – JZ, 23.12.13. – Richard Tanner Pascale & Anthony G. Athos, The Art of Japanese Management, Penguin Books, 1982, p.49.

PROFIT: Profits, not prophets, foretell the future.” – Anonymous. - & PROPHETS

PROFIT: Profits, then, are the special creation of the ability, the know-how, the inventiveness, the foresight, the imagination, of the superior executive. They are, in effect, not added into price but taken out of costs.” - Free Man's Almanac.

PROFIT: Proof of Worthiness. Profit is the proof of the worthiness of production; loss is the proof of its unworthiness, of the waste of the energy and thrift that provided wrong tools of production, or of the job-destroying rapacity of tax gatherers or of workers employed in their operation. The greater the profit, the greater the incentive for expanding production and progress, while loss is the proof that progress has stopped. It is not profit that it evil; it is the enemies of profit who are evil; for if they prevail, millions must die as a spreading dearth of tools (*) blights capacity for survival production.” - From THE FREEMAN, Ideas on Liberty. – (*) including sound or means of exchange or clearing avenues and sound value standards, under free choice of value standards. Without them even an abundance of capital in form of production tools and machinery as well as transport options cannot achieve sufficient sales for the goods and services that can be provided by capital in combination with able and willing workers. – JZ, 19.1.14.

PROFIT: Samples of public opinion regarding the level of profits in the American economy reveal the common belief that businessmen make something like 30 to 40% profit. The fact that the actual rate of return on capital is more like 3 to 4 per cent (and this measurement does not include business failures, which Frank Knight once suggested might make the society-wide rate of return negative) is almost unknown to the mass of voters. Those who have heard the correct numbers don't believe them. After all, conspirators will systematically lie, won't they?” - Joe Cobb, THE FREEMAN, 12/75. – Alas, all kinds of false statistics are in circulation to maintain the anti-capitalist mentality against wealthy people. The hate that is often involved makes them blind to the fact that most people are severely exploited not by private capitalists but by the State, even the Welfare State. – JZ, 19.1.14. – ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, STATISTICS, EGALITARIANISM, WEALTH, RICH PEOPLE, CORPORATIONS, MONOPOLIES, BUSINESSMEN, BOSSES, DIVIDENDS, CAPITALISM, STATISM, EXPLOITATION NOTIONS

PROFIT: Service before Profit.” – Henry Ford. – Without a service being provided, unless one is a monopolist, no profits could be made. To avoid misunderstanding it would be better to speak of: Profits through services! – JZ, 25.6.86. Otherwise some leftists would misunderstand this remark in accordance with their old dogma, one full of misunderstandings: “Production for use rather than profit.” – JZ, 30.3.08.

PROFIT: Sex reproduction in the normal and natural family life of human beings has been and is the cornerstone of practically all civilization. Each person knows that he personally has something very vital to lose through the establishment of unnatural controls upon the sex impulse and so he is against such proposals. But many of the same people will applaud proposals, which do violence to the "incentive impulse" by making the state the absolute manager, if not the owner, of all private property enterprises. The same people are impressed by socialistic proposals to confiscate all business profits, forgetting that reasonable profits are the necessary and proper result of the natural incentive impulse in the same way that children are the result of the sex impulse of human beings. The difference in this popular reaction to the sex impulse on the one hand and the incentive impulse on the other hand, is explained by the incentive impulse itself. The incentive impulse is the desire to gain something for one's self and many people feel that they have "something to gain" by the establishment of governmental restrictions on incentive.” – Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.47. – INCENTIVES, SELF-INTEREST, LOVE, SEX, OFFSPRING, CHILDREN, FAMILY INTEREST, STATISM, PROPERTY, STATE SOCIALISM

PROFIT: Society can progress only if men's labors show a profit - if they yield more than is put in. To produce at a loss must leave less for all to share.” - Bernard M. Baruch: Baruch: My Own Story, 1957.

PROFIT: Society is exchange”, said Bastiat, and it is most sociable when it is most profitable for both. - JZ, 18.11.82. - SOCIETY, EXCHANGE

PROFIT: Taxing profits? - Taxing losses would make more sense! - JZ, 28.10.78. – Luckily, losses are already self-penalizing inefficient and uneconomic actions while profits reward the efficient and economic ones. – JZ, 19.1.14.

PROFIT: The abolition of profit will bring about a universal state of loss. In the process, it will first of all abolish all economy, efficiency and expedition; it will place the consumer in slavery; it will stop up the source of new capital and dispel all hope of progress. The very best that can happen if the anti-profit policy is pursued, is that we shall go on sharing the profits of the past until, they being exhausted, there is nothing more to share. The old trouble between the haves and the have-nots will then disappear, in the simplest of all possible ways, by turning us all into have-nots.” - Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, 1941, in Abel, D., Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty. - Here he overlooked that the power mongers and their helpers will still continue to enjoy luxuries at the expense of those whom they have impoverished by their anti-profit system, their suppression of individual rights and liberties. - JZ 19.7.84, 19.1.14.

PROFIT: The annual report of the Commonwealth Tariff Board shows that profits after taxes constitute an average of only a little more than 4 cents in every dollar on sales. If half the profits are reinvested-into the business, prices can be reduced by only 2 cents in every dollar. There is very little scope for reducing profits there.” - Morris T. Williams, MP for Box Hill, from Victorian Hansard No.6, p.1490, quoted in PROGRESS, 2/75. - If inflation is also taken into consideration then such small profits disappear all too often and capital is being systematically destroyed! - JZ 20.7.84, 19.1.14. - PRICES, INVESTMENTS, TAXES, CAPITALISM & FREE ENTERPRISE UNDER STATISM, INFLATION

PROFIT: The basis of security, which profit gives to any society, should also be considered. If, for instance, the whole of society were dependent upon salaries and wages paid by the State, there would be little, if any, basis of security. There would be nothing to fall back upon, no reserves, and the risk of the collapse of the whole world would always be hanging over such a society. No such risk on such a scale can exist so long as we continue with the profit system.” - E. Benn, The Profit Motive, 1941, in Abel, D., Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.174. – SECURITY, STATE SOCIALISM, SAVINGS, INSURANCE, ASSETS, RESERVES OF WEALTH

PROFIT: The capitalist runs the risk involved in the enterprise; he can make a profit or suffer losses. Profit is justified, then, by the risk incurred. - Faustino Ballvé, Essentials of Economics, 1956 in Mexico, from the English edition, D. Van NostrandCompany Inc., 1963, FEE edition, undated, p.31. – As if property rights and management skills and experience and economic freedom were not also involved. The greatest risk an cost involved is that of wrongful State intervention with property, free exchange, business and labour, e.g. tax slavery. – JZ, 29.1.14. - LOSS & RISK, TAXATION, LABOR LAWS, MONETARY DESPOTISM, BUREAUCRAY

PROFIT: The company that does not make a profit is the enemy of the working man. - Ascribed to Samuel Gompers, by Perrry E. Gresham, in THE FREEMAN, 6/79, p.348. - COMPANIES, CORPORATIONS

PROFIT: The consumer benefits directly from the service or product he buys or he wouldn't buy it. By purchasing from the most efficient (profitable) producer he profits by making his money do more and go farther.” - Wilke, THE FREEMAN, 3/75.

PROFIT: The desire of businessmen for profits is what drives prices down unless forcibly prevented from engaging in price competition, usually by governmental activity.” – Thomas Sowell. - Profits are not simply added to prices but are the result of improvements that make competitive price reductions possible and thus greater sales. The "profits" of monopolists and thieves, fraudsters and robbers of all kinds are another matter. Higher profits for labour, i.e. higher wage incomes through piece work, better tools and machines, etc., also lead to greater productivity and thus lower prices for the consumers. It is not always a matter of merely sharing a cake of limited size and of playing zero-sum games. Genuine economics plays win-win games, as a rule, apart from unforeseen and unintended losses, to be covered e.g. via insurance arrangements or previous or future profits. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. - Unless one is a monopolist and apart from fraud and deception, one cannot profit by asking for more than the free market price but by cutting one’s costs so that one is free to charge a bit less than the market price. Then more sales at lower unit prices lead to higher profits. – JZ, 4.1.08. - BUSINESSMEN, LOWER PRICES & COMPETITION

PROFIT: The economy, he frankly conceded, had its surfeit of profiteers as well as its profit-earners, but such cases were often directly traceable to restrictive covenants, many of them accentuating and consolidating evils which they were designed to remove. The capitalist who conceived wealth as a means to gratify indulgence and selfishness was a cancer in the body economic. But the charge the good average businessman took for himself was less - infinitely less - than the charges which would accrue from the establishment of any other known organization capable of taking its place.” - E. Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.35.

PROFIT: The elimination of profit renders production rigid and abolishes the consumers' sovereignty. This will happen not because the enterprises are mean and greedy, and lack those monkish virtues of self-sacrifice, which the planners ascribe to all other people. In the absence of profits the entrepreneurs would not learn what the wants of the consumers are, and if they were to guess, they would not have the means to adjust and to expand their plans accordingly.” – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.15. – Without monopolies, profits are the earned rewards for doing the right things. – JZ, 19.1.14.

PROFIT: The Entrepreneurs and the Profit and Loss System: Entrepreneurs who satisfy many customers are encouraged by large “box office receipts”; others register losses and fail. Thus, consumers guide production.” – FEE, Free Market Economics Syllabus. - PROFIT & LOSS SYSTEM, ENTREPRENEURS, CONSUMERS, MARKET, PRICING, CAPITALISM

PROFIT: The essence of the "profit incentive"... is ... not to be seen as motivation to work harder or to allocate resources more efficiently. The profit incentive (including, of course, the disincentive of loss) operates most significantly by sparking the alertness of entrepreneurs - by encouraging them to keep their eyes open for new information that will lead to new plans.” - Kirzner: Competition & Entrepreneurship, p.223. – INCENTIVES, INNOVATION, OPPORTUNITIES, INFORMATION

PROFIT: the fact that man will not produce to the full extent of his abilities unless he can thereby gain some advantage over his fellow-men.” - Herbert Read, Anarchy and Order, p.94. – Over his fellow-men or merely some advance in his own affairs, without depriving his fellow men of anything they are entitled to. – JZ, 20.1.14.

PROFIT: The folly in attempting to count competitors is now apparent: In a free market, all businessmen are competitors. - Free market competition benefits everyone. It encourages businessmen to introduce new products and make efficient use of resources. It yields profits to those who give consumers what they want and losses to those who don't. Profits enable efficient producers to expand production, while losses stimulate inefficient producers toward greater efficiency.” - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 4/76. – INNOVATIONS, EFFICIENCY, LOSSES, SERVICES TO OTHERS

PROFIT: The function of entrepreneurs is to make profits; high profits are the proof that they have well performed their task of removing maladjustments of production.” – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.146. – AS EARNED REWARDS

PROFIT: The great gains of a great capitalist in a modern state must be put under the head of wages of superintendence.” - W. G. Sumner: What Social Classes Owe Each Other, p.45. – AS WAGES FOR SUPERINTENDENCE OR MANAGEMENT

PROFIT: The high-minded socialist slogan, ‘Production for use, not for profit’, which we find in one form or another from Aristotle to Bertrand Russell, from Albert Einstein to Archbishop Camara of Brazil (and often, since Aristotle, with the addition that these profits are made ‘at the expense of others’), betrays ignorance of how productive capacity is multiplied by different individuals obtaining access to different knowledge whose total exceeds what any single one of them could muster. The entrepreneur must in his activities probe beyond known uses and ends if he is to provide means for producing yet other means which in turn serve still others, and so on – that is, if he is to serve a multiplicity of ultimate ends. Prices and profit are all that most producers need to be able to serve more effectively the needs of men they do not know. They are a tool for searching – just as, for the soldier or hunter, the seaman or air pilot, the telescope extends the range of vision.” – F. A. Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, chapter eight, p.104. – However, the rightly criticized above slogan does makes a limited sense if applied only to legalized monopolies and the extra monopoly profits from them. – Towards the price he is willing to pay and the use he makes of a product or service – including those of political, economic and social systems, the individual consumer should be quite sovereign. - JZ, 18.2.08. - & PRICES AS MEANS TO SERVE OTHERS, PRODUCTION FOR USE? MARKET, KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, WIN-WIN RELATIONSHIPS, MUTUAL CONVENIENCE RELATIONSHIPS RATHER THAN SINGLE CONVENIENCE RELATIONSHIPS

PROFIT: The inequality of income and fortunes is essential in capitalism. The progressives consider profits as objectionable. The very existence of profits is in their eyes a proof that wage rates could be raised without harm to anybody else than idle parasites. They speak of profit without dealing with its corollary, loss. Profit and loss are the instruments by means of which the consumers keep a tight rein on all entrepreneurial activities. A profitable enterprise tends to expand, and unprofitable one tends to shrink.” – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.15. – CONTROLLED BY CONSUMERS

PROFIT: The intelligent businessman ... knows he can't make profits by simply raising his prices because he would lose his customers to the guy down the street. There is only one thing he can do - cut costs of production. Thus, the businessman tries to use his men and materials in the most efficient manner possible. And, because he must pay market wages, prices, and interest rates, he tries to minimize the number of men he employs, the amount of capital he uses, and the quantity of natural resources he consumes in producing his goods and services. In other words, he tries to practice conservation.” - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 7/75.

PROFIT: the judgment of a leading Sovietologist: ‘For what it is worth the evidence seems to be that Stalin really believed that the abolition of incomes from capital was the sole necessary principle of social morality, excusing any other action whatever.’ – (Robert Conquest, 1968, p.67.) - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.156/57. – The blood of over 200 million involuntary victims has been shed under the assumption that this view is correct. – JZ, 18.6.92. - CAPITAL, INTEREST, DIVIDENDS. STATE SOCIALISM

PROFIT: The monstrous evils of the twentieth century have shown us that the greediest money grubbers are gentle doves compared with money-hating wolves like Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler, who in less than three decades killed or maimed nearly a hundred million men, women, and children and brought untold suffering to a large portion of mankind.” - Eric Hoffer. - GREED, CORPORATIONS, CAPITALISM, FINANCIERS

PROFIT: the most effective mechanism man has ever devised to direct the flow of capital to where it is needed most.” - Mobil Corporation advertisement, "reason”, May 81, p.19.

PROFIT: The old adage "small profits and quick returns", is as true today as it ever was and remains a guiding principle for every earnest trader. Profits, therefore, from their nature, will always be, in a free market, calculated on the lowest scale consistent with safety.” – Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, p.105.

PROFIT: The other thing profits mean is efficient production. Consumers won't pay any more to a clumsy inefficient producer than they will to one who works like a well oiled machine. So the latter makes the profit. This means-that he has saved real things in his processes, and therefore benefited all of us by eliminating waste. If his profit had been lower, he would have used more real things up, and so harmed us all.” - Terry Arthur, 95% Is Crap, p.190.

PROFIT: The primary and sole foundation of virtue or of the proper conduct of life is to seek our own profit.” - Spinoza, Ethics, Pt. iv, prop. 20 (1674)

PROFIT: The profit and loss system is essentially the consumer’s system. Human experience so far has failed to produce any other plan under which the consumer has complete freedom of choice (*) and can command or reject at his sole whim or pleasure. We are all consumers, and if we accept the theory of the greatest good of the greatest number, any economic system controlled by consumers must give us all the benefit of its operations.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.137. - Also in The Profit Motive, June 1941, reproduced in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix II, p.177. - (*) Under monetary despotism he hasn’t freedom of choice regarding his means of payment and his value standard! – JZ, 16.2.08. – Under territorialism he hasn't got free individual choice among political, economic and social systems. - JZ, 14.2.11. - CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, FREE CHOICE, FREE MARKT, LAISSEZ FAIRE, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, CONTRACT & EXPERIMENTATION VS. TERRITORIALISM, CENTRAL PLANNING & DIRECTION, STATE SOCIALISM, EXPLOITATION BY POLICITIANS & BUREAUCRATS, TAX SLAVERY OR TRIBUTE LEVIES

PROFIT: The Profit and Loss system makes for responsibility in the individual, any other system reduces the individual to a state in which no sense of responsibility is required or expected. Nobody, for instance, is responsible for anything in a bureaucratic system. No bureaucrat suffers any personal loss if things go wrong or if the public fail to take advantage of his services. Under the spur of profit and the threat of loss, millions of men and women do accept a very real and personal responsibility for the maintenance of economy, expedition and efficiency, out of which an ever higher standard for all is provided. Without Profit and Loss the quality and genius of all these people is put out of use, no others are invited to cultivate any sort of personal responsibility and the general standard of life (*) is of necessity lowered. - To sum up. The abolition of profit will bring about a universal state of loss. In the process, it will first of all abolish all economy, efficiency and expedition; it will place the consumer in slavery; it will stop up the source of new capital and dispel all hope of progress. The very best that can happen if the anti-profit policy is pursued, is that we shall go on sharing the profits of the past until, they being exhausted, there is nothing more to share. The old trouble between the haves and the have-nots will then disappear, in the simples of all possible ways, by turning us all into have-nots, …” - Sir Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, June 1941, reproduced in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix II, p.179. – (*) living? – JZ – RESPONSIBILITY, LOSS, BUREAUCRACY, EFFICIENCY, STANDARD OF LIVING, PROGRESS, PROSPERITY, IMPOVERISHMENT, HAVE-NOTS

PROFIT: the profit motive is a fine thing but hardly the end for which mankind labours.” - E. F. Schumacher, RIP, Galaxy, vol. 39, no. 1, p.108. - But if it tries to labour without it, it might come to an end. - JZ, 20.7.84. - Rather, its suffering would be increased rather than diminished. - JZ, 14.2.11. – It is hardly the only or the main end – but also a very important motivation and tool for progress. – JZ, 19.4.08, 20.1.14.

PROFIT: The profit motive is the energizing force impelling the owner to be ever alert for opportunities to add new and environmental services to old.” - Joseph A. Gilly, "REASON", 4/72.

PROFIT: The profit system is essentially production for use, as profits can be earned only by success in supplying consumers in the best and cheapest way with the commodities they want to use.” – Ludwig von Mises: Inflation and Price Control. – Also in his Planning for Freedom, p.73. – IN THE INTEREST OF CONSUMERS, TOO.

PROFIT: The profit-taking organization known as government is the greatest enemy of the profit-making organization known as workers. - Duncan Yuille, The Workers Party, NSW Bulletin, July 76. – GOVERNMENT, WORKERS

PROFIT: The public interest requires efficiency, diffusion of power through all levels of the industry, and good relations between workers and managers. Apart from rare exceptions, private enterprise cannot be counted upon to work towards all these ends for the simple reason that they may not be compatible with making a profit - which is, after all, its purpose. To ensure that they serve the public interest, industries must be publicly owned or controlled." – Popular opinion, quoted by Henry Meulen, to which he replied: A Socialist government also must work for profit. Unless it gets more than its costs out of nationalized industries, it will have no capital for renewal or extension of plant. Whereas, however, the private manufacturer must deliver cheap and serviceable goods, or go out of business, the State can and does cover up the shortcomings of its industries by a hundred excuses, which the consumer is unable to check since he cannot compare the State production with that of competitive industry. We should lob over a few explosive slogans into the Socialist camp. I suggest: "Production for private profit means production for the use of the buyer - Production by the State means production for the politicians." - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, Febr. 1954. (Underlining by me, JZ) – PUBLIC INTEREST, DIFFUSION OF POWER, CONTROLS, STATE SOCIALISM, MONOPOLIES, NATIONALIZATION, CAPITAL FORMATION, PROFITS IN THE INTEREST OF CONSUMERS RATHER THAN POLITICIANS & BUREAUCRATS

PROFIT: The public may curtail my profits any time it wishes - by refusing to buy my product. Any other method of curtailing profits is the method of looters...” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.449. – CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & PRODUCER SOVEREIGNTY, SUPPLY & DEMAND IN PLAY

PROFIT: The records show that the biggest profits are made by reductions in price. The profits of the makers of Rolls Royce motor cars are paltry by the side of Lord Nuffield’s profits, insignificant compared with the profits of Henry Ford, and both these millionaires have acquired their wealth by the steady reduction of the price of the article which they offer for the public service. The Woolworth millions have been made, not by adding to, but by lowering price. … There are of course cases where suppliers, having secured control of a market, need pay no attention to the reduction of price and can indeed imposed their own idea of value. They are profits out of politics. (*) When the Board of Education, having an effective monopoly, schedules a book as a suitable instrument for the development of the mind of its protégés, author and publisher are put on clover. Very large profits have, in this way, been made out of the subversive manuals produced by the industrious Webbs. Another example of profit out of politics is seen when a protective tariff gives a monopoly of a market to a trade well enough organized to secure the ear of Parliament.” – Sir Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, June 1941, reproduced in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix II, p.166. - Why have Benn’s books been so long out of print? – Hopefully, someone will reproduce them online and thereby also stimulate reprints. – They, like the writings of Adam Smith, are very far from being out of date. Only his very earliest books are not so good, from the libertarian point of view, as most of his later works are. – But then, as a German proverb has it: “Nobody falls out of the sky as the master of anything.” - JZ, 22.3.08. – (*) Or legalized monopolies. – JZ, 20.1.14. - PROFITS OUT OF COST REDUCTIONS, VS. PROFITS OUT OF MONOPOLIES

PROFIT: The regulating mechanism in a truly capitalistic system is profit.” - O'Neill: Ayn Rand, p.55. – RIGHTFUL VS. WRONGFUL REGULATION, CAPITALISM

PROFIT: The Service Motive: He profits most who serves best!” – Leonard E. Read: Vision.

PROFIT: The socialist argument begins by saying that fares are too high because private industry is under the necessity to make a profit. What is overlooked is that it is precisely the need to make a profit, or to avoid a loss, that leads to economy, efficiency, and good service. Government ownership removes the incentive to all three.”- Henry Hazlitt, Socialism, US. Style, originally in THE FREEMAN, Sep. 66. – Private and cooperative competition in the supply or services and goods leads, finally, also to as low prices as are economically still possible. – What percentage of all prices today is due to taxes, regulations and red tape difficulties and costs? – JZ, 8.9.07. - ECONOMY, EFFICIENCY, & GOOD SERVICES, Q., STATE SOCIALISM, PRIVATE VS. PUBLIC OWNERSHIP & CONTROL, TAXATION & REGULATIION COSTS TO CONSUMERS

PROFIT: The very idea of operating for “profit” is anathema to politicians and bureaucrats (they shudder to have their performance rated by any standard).” – NRC WORLD MARKET PERSPECTIVES, 15.10.75. – That should induce all consistent profit and loss advocates to demand that the “business” of government be also subject to free competition, profit and loss accounting, voluntary customers for their “services”, voluntary taxpayers or contributors to their services, i.e., to full consumer sovereignty towards them as well. – JZ, 20.7.84. – PANARCHISM, POLITICIANS, POLYARCHISM, FREE CHOICE AMONG GOVERNMENTS, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & COMPETITION, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT & ASSOCIATION IN EVERY SPHERE VS. BUREAUCRACY, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATE SOCIALISM

PROFIT: The wealthy are in fact the laboratory out of which comes the knowledge that in time provides progress of all.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, June 1941, reproduced in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix II, p.177.

PROFIT: The workers called their employers profiteers and in the next breath asked to share in the swag!” - John Leitch, Man to Man, p.27. – WORKERS, LABOR MENTALITY, WAGE CLAIMS

PROFIT: The workers' greatest enemy is not the organization which makes profit - it is the organization which does not.” - Sydney Chamber of Commerce, 1975. – WORKERS, JOBS, WAGES

PROFIT: The worst crime against working people is a company which fails to operate at a profit.” – Samuel Gompers. - Under the various options for rightful and full self-management they could make profits themselves, but only at the risk of also suffering losses. - Properly organized, losses would tend to become rarer and their profits larger. But most workers and their trade unions and socialist parties are not interested in these self-liberation options for them. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. - THE FRIEND RATHER THAN THE ENEMY OF WORKERS, PROFIT & LOSS, COMPANIES, CORPORATIONS, WORKERS, LABOR

PROFIT: There are profits out of politics.” - Sir Ernest Benn, June 1941: The Profit Motive. - I would do away only with one type of profits: that made out of politics, i.e. profits that consist in favours or monopolies at the expense of disservices to most. - JZ, 20.7.84. – Returns from monopoly extortions and robberies should not be called profits. – JZ, 20.1.14.

PROFIT: There is no persuasion like the persuasion of declining demand to make a company cut back on the production of horse collars. There is no government edict which can prod a machinery manufacturer on to a greater output as effectively as the promise of higher profits.” - Dean Smith, Conservatism, p.148.

PROFIT: There is no way of keeping profits up but by keeping wages down.” - David Ricardo. - There are all too many neglected ways to increase both profits and wages. - E.g.: Voluntary taxation, Free Trade, abolition of imposed regulations, monetary and financial freedom, cooperative or self-management production and exchange organizations, the abolition of war, of the privileges of lawyers, courts and insurance companies, not to speak of healthier living, and of life extension and, naturally, progress in the sciences and technology. - JZ, 27.11.02, 20.3.09. - & WAGES,

PROFIT: There is nothing wrong with profit - especially when anyone earns it through services to others, gladly paid for at market prices. - JZ, 75 & 20.1.14.

PROFIT: There is the admitted objection that the profit and loss system maintains a constant pressure on the producers to produce as much (*) as possible at the least possible expenditure of time and effort. It makes the producer the slave of the consumer. … The truth is that, as producers, we must be slaves to our consumer selves, or as consumers we must be slaves to our producer selves.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.137/38. – Compare Bastiat: “Society is exchange!” Through free exchange we are not slaves but independent people and yet productively interdependent and cooperating, even without knowing each other personally. – JZ, 16.2.08. – (*) and as well … - JZ, 20.1.14.

PROFIT: There is, for instance, a demand for legislation to deal with food profiteers, and that a moment in our economic history when a few good profiteers would be something in the nature of a godsend. The profiteer is the most natural and most potent agent of trade activity; he is the signpost pointing, for the benefit of the rest of us, to the business field in which demand exceeds supply. The Citizens’ Union has unconsciously borrowed this antipathy to profits straight out of the mouths of the Marxian Socialists. If they were really citizens having the welfare of the State at heart and the understanding to know the nature of economic well-being, their agenda would contain resolutions deploring the absence of both profits and profiteers, and calling on the Government to repeal all the legislation which had driven these economic health creators out of the market.” - Sir Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt,p. 228. – SUPPLY & DEMAND, COMPETITION, FREE MARKET

PROFIT: There’s always money in serving mankind.” – Michael F. Flynn, The Washer at the Ford, p.30 in ANALOG 6/89. - Often, but not often enough, although “always” could also be achieved, e.g. through an Ideas Archive and Talent and Genius Centre, as special markets. – JZ, 7.5.91. – Unless, of course, the only money that is allowed is that of monetary despotism and then even extreme conditions of inflation, deflation and stagflation may prevail - for months to decades. – Who knows as yet how productivity, profits, interest rates, wages, old age insurance pensions and the general standard of living might come to rise under full monetary and financial freedom? - JZ, 30.3.08, 20.3.09, 15.2.11. – (*) And through the abolition of all territorial monopolies! – JZ, 20.1.14.

PROFIT: They conceived life, not in terms of profit, but of service. … The call is for service, and, such is the wholesomeness of it, he who serves all, best serves himself.” – Jack London, in his introduction to Upton Sinclair, ed., The Cry for Justice, An Anthology of the Literature of Social Protest, Upton Sinclair, 1925, p.4 & 5. – All except monopoly profits and tax-tribute levies are rewards for services rendered. – JZ, 3.2.97, 20.1.14. – Insofar the supposed antagonism between profits and exchange of services disappears. The exchange should simply be as free as possible – then the profit of both sides is maximized. – JZ, 29.9.07. – This book was once stamped: Parliamentary Library, Queensland, 28.10.1925. Why was it cleaned out of that library? – I bought it from Berkelouws for $15. Even parliamentary libraries are, apparently, censored. - JZ, 29.9.07. - & SERVICE

PROFIT: They want the profit system to prevail because they know that there is no substitute for that incentive to effort ...” - Charles Halleck, quoted by Dean Smith, Conservatism, p.101.

PROFIT: Thomas Carlyle thought that all traditional values were threatened by ‘that brutish god-forgetting Profit-and Loss Philosophy” and protested that “cash payment  is not the only nexus of man with man”. (1843, p.187) – Albert O. Hirschman, Interests, in: The New Palgrave: The Invisible Hand, ed. By John Eatwell, Murray Milgate & Peter Newman, W. W. Norton, 1987/89, p.162.  – How much production and wealth is possible without freedom to produce and exchange, including the freedom to produce alternative cash and clearing options? How many could survive by primitive barter? Including trade conducted by rare metal coins as the only permitted means of payment. (As optional value standards they cannot do much harm and even some good.) As long as we remain confined to rare metal coins as means of payment and to other monopoly monies and forced currencies and exclusive currencies of any kind (which can be manipulated in an inflationary, deflationary and stagflationary way), instead of competing and optional ones, at least degrees of slavery and serfdom will persist, excess powers, exploitation, oppression, wars, civil wars and violent revolutions, rebellions and terrorism. Under fully developed clearing, using sound and optional value standards, not even any cash would be required to turn over all wanted goods, services and labor with ease. – Moral and ethical actions become minimized when there is an insufficient supply of cash or clearing options and of sound value standards. - JZ, 24.2.12. - & LOSS CARLYLE, CASH, CLEARING, NON-CASH PAYMENTS, MONEY, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, GOLD STANDARD

PROFIT: Those businessmen who do earn profits are encouraged by their profits to continue in business and use their profits to expand their operations. This is how society encourages the efficient use of factors of production.” - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 10/74 62.) – “... the businessman tries to maximize profits by minimizing costs of production.” - Summers, ibid. – Minimizing the costs of production means minimizing the costs pro unit of output, not merely minimizing wages and salaries. Henry Ford, for instances, with his more productive production line methods, was able to pay higher wages than his competitors at that time. – That also attracted the best workers to him and made them stay. – Basic economics is still neglected in most primary schools, high schools, universities and, naturally, in the mass media. - JZ, 20.3.09.

PROFIT: To get profit without risk, experience without danger, and reward without work, is as impossible as it is to live without being born.” – A. P. Gouthey. – Are all medals, honours and public offices really earned? – JZ, 23.2.08. 

PROFIT: To make a profit in one's activities is to be in a position to do more next time around.” - Klondike, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 10.7.72.

PROFIT: To profit and the quality it brings - To quality and the profit it brings!” - opposing toasts, proposed in film "FM", on an FM rock-radio station in L.A.

PROFIT: Today's profits must be tomorrow's jobs, no profits, no jobs.” - Mr. Callaghan, quoted in THE INDIVIDUALIST, Aug.76. - I would replace "must be" by "are". - JZ, 1.11.76.

PROFIT: Too many “libertarians” seem to think and act as if we should not engage in or continue the struggle for liberty, justice and peace unless we can make some financial profit from it, too. If they cannot, then they turn, rather, from the struggle for liberty to the struggle for profit only and the joys of spending them privately to the extent that the government still allows that. – JZ, 5.11.93. - THE STRUGGLE FOR LIBERTY, LIBERTARIANS

PROFIT: Total capitalism demonstrates not only the morality of profit but also the profitability of morality.” - Professor Galambos.

PROFIT: Towards a solution - profit or bust.” - Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Goodbye to Nationalization, p.53.

PROFIT: Under it the command is vested in every individual. The Profit and Loss system makes for responsibility in the individual, any other system reduces the individual to a state in which no sense of responsibility is required or expected. Nobody, for instance, is responsible for anything in a bureaucratic system. No bureaucrat suffers any personal loss if things go wrong or if the public fail to take advantage of his services. Under the spur of profit and the threat of loss millions of men and women do accept a very real and personal responsibility for the maintenance of economy, expedition and efficiency, out of which an ever-higher standard for all is provided. Without profit and loss the quality and genius of all these people is put out of use, no others are invited to cultivate any sort of personal responsibility and the general standard of life is of necessity lowered.” - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, 138/39, end of chapter XII. – Partly also in his: The Profit Motive, 1941, in Abel, D., Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty. - STANDARD OF LIVING, RESPONSIBILITY, LOSS, PROSPERITY, POVERTY, WEALTH, INCENTIVES, ECONOMICS, PRODUCTIVITY

PROFIT: wages are the consequences of profits, not vice versa.” - Colin Clark, in QUADRANT, June 75.

PROFIT: Watch the costs and the profits will take care of themselves.” - Andrew Carnegie – According to at least one researcher most profits are made through the economic use of resources, i.e. through cost-cutting. – JZ, 10.3.09. - PROFITS & COST-CUTTING

PROFIT: We all have a vested interest in each other's profit because it always represents efficiency. Every efficiency is gained by all. Every waste is suffered by all.” - Wilke, in THE FREEMAN, 3/75. – All too many still demand governmental protectionism for inefficiency. – JZ, 20.1.14. - EFFICIENCY VS. WASTE, FREE TRADE, UNDER FREE COMPETITION,  INTERNALLY & EXTERNALLY VS. PROTECTIONISM

PROFIT: We are Individualists because we hold that when the sole supplier is the state, its servants have not the motive of profit to meet our wants, and the moral sense in the average man is too weak to induce him to consider our wants unless he personally profits from his attention. When did you last get a smile from any clerk who serves you in a head post office? Or from a tax collector? Or in fact from any state officer? Like the rest of us, the state officer would like to be rich; but since harder work will not produce riches for him, he does as little as he can, and looks for political action to improve his fortune.” - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, October 1976, p.58.

PROFIT: We know that an all-wise Providence has safely insured the reproduction of human beings by the universal implantation of sex impulses. Since physical goods must increase proportionately with human life, it is equally natural and universal that impetus for the increased production of property is provided. This impetus is evidenced in the eagerness of each man and all men to own and control material things. This natural and necessary "eagerness" in each individual is sometimes referred to as "The Profit Motive". It might be more properly called the incentive impulse. - As he grows into the full stature of responsibility, each person is thus eager to expand his energy for those goods that are necessary and desirable to fulfil his inalienable responsibilities. With the consent of its owners he operates upon the existing store of capital property with useful productive work. The result is that "two blades of grass grow where one grew before." New stores of Private Property are thus created and diffused through each new generation.” - Clarence Manion: The Key to Peace, p.46. – PROFIT INCENTIVE COMPARED TO THE SEX IMPULSE, BOTH NEEDED TO ASSURE OUR SURVIVAL, PRODUCTIVITY, PROSPERITY

PROFIT: What is the specific compensation received for the use of capital goods? It has been held by some to be rent and by others to be interest. Both opinions ace erroneous and involve the possibility of confusion. Economics employs the term "rent" for something else entirely. Interest, too, is an altogether different thing from what it is generally believed to be. The specific remuneration of capital is profit and is characterized by the fact that it is essentially uncertain and aleatory. The capitalist runs the risk involved in the enterprise; he can make a profit or suffer losses. Profit is justified, then, by the risk incurred. - Ballvé, Economics, p.31. – Also by the creativity, thought and at least management labours involved. – JZ, 20.1.14.

PROFIT: What pays under capitalism is satisfying the common man, the customer. The more people you satisfy, the better for you.” - Ludwig von Mises. - “Production for use rather than profit?” - CAPITALISM, CONSUMERISM, SERVICE, , CONSUMER SATISFACTION, BUSINESS, CORPORATIONS, FREE MARKET, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE TRADE, FREE EXCHANGE, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM WOULD TEND TO COMPLETE CAPITALISM,

PROFIT: When one man profits, virtually everyone profits, and the spreading circles keep expanding, interacting and overlapping - all ways and always.” – Joan Wilke, THE FREEMAN,

PROFIT: While profits, competitively earned, indicate services rendered and rewarded, taxes, coercively imposed, always indicate exploitation, extortion, robbery or tribute levies. – JZ, 26.5.93, 20.1.14. - TAXATION, EXPLOITATION, SERVICE, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, PRICES

PROFIT: Why is it that we never hear of the rent motive or the wages motive? … But, if it is proper to speak of a profit motive, it should surely be equally proper to speak of a wages motive. By parity of reasoning we shall then have to admit into our new economic psychology the fixed interest motive, the top price motive, and the best buy motive. And, of course, if it is proper to argue that those who are paid wages must be stirred by the wages motive; then it has to be not merely proper but positively refined to say that those whose wages are paid at longer intervals, and called a salary or even compensation, are inspired by, respectively, the salary motive and the compensation motive.” - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.146. – Here Flew added a little poem, from Mandeville, p. 66: - - “And when folks understood their cant // They changed that for ‘emolument’; // Unwilling to be short or plain, // In anything concerning gain …“

PROFIT: With tools men can produce ten to twenty times as much as without them, with the tool providers getting but one-twentieth to one-tenth of the multiplied production.” - Enders M. Voorhees, "The Uncommon Man".

PROFIT: Without Profits There Would Be No Signal To Invest More Capital And To Increase Production To Meet The Consumer Demand That Created The Profits.” - Duncan Yuille, in "free enterprise", 4/76.

PROFIT: Working under a profit system, every worker is directly governed by the consumer who goes or does not go to the front of the shop counter, and does or does not put down his or her money to the extent demanded by the producers and distributors. If, therefore, any of us can give greater satisfaction to the consumer, whether by improving the quality or cheapening the price or increasing the quantity, there arises the surplus out of which our own desire for more can be satisfied; and can be satisfied, be it noted, for this is of the utmost importance, without any expense to anybody. If, however, the profit system, with its necessity for avoiding loss, is abandoned, then the restraint upon each one of us is removed; there is hardly any limit to the value we can place upon our own efforts. The rate of our remuneration is no longer governed by the willingness of the market, the free consumer, to pay the price which we put upon our services, but will depend upon our ability to organize ourselves in such a way as to browbeat the Government into placing us in a position of advantage over all the rest.” - E. Benn, The Profit Motive, 1941, in Abel, D., Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.168. – & CONSUMER INTERESTS VS. MONOPOLIES, PRIVILEGES, PROTECTIONISM

PROFIT: works because it harnesses human drives to constructive purposes … it provides incentives that stimulate masses of people in a constant restless search for greater efficiency.” – Henry Ford II, quoted in: Richard C. Cornuelle, Reclaiming the American Dream, A Vintage Book, p.53. - PROFIT MOTIVE:

PROFIT: Yet how true is it that ‘Few men can be persuaded that they get too much by those they sell to, how extraordinary soever their gains are; when at the same time there is hardly a profit so inconsiderable, but they’ll grudge it to those they buy from’. – Mandeville, p.113, quoted in: Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.151. – ENVY

PROFIT: you decided that YOU had a right to your wages, but WE had no right to our profits, ... - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.989.

PROFIT: You know; selfish profit-motive. That's another social force it's a good idea to work with instead of against.” - Hal Clement, Sun Spot, p.145 in ANALOG, 11/60. - PROFIT MOTIVE

PROGRAMMING INSTEAD OF EDUCATION: It isn’t education they’re offering – its programming.” - Arthur C. Clarke & Michael Kube-McDowell, The Trigger, Harper/Collins Publishers, 1999, p.509.

PROGRAMS: All efforts to cure a disease without removing the cause, will always be inadequate.” – Lysander Spooner, 1846. – POLICIES, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, POVERTY

PROGRAMS: Anything called a "program" is unconstitutional.” – Joseph Sobran - Any territorial constitution embodies already all too many governmental programs. - JZ, 24.11.06. – Sobran’s remark is correct for all programs of territorial governments, wrong for theatre, music, exhibition, TV & radio programs etc. – JZ, 9.2.08. - Private programs towards rightful aims are hardly unconstitutional. Including e.g. libertarian programs. – JZ, 10.3.09. - It is the lack of rightful, rational and comprehensive enough programs for our exterritorial liberation that is holding up progress in this direction. - JZ, 15.2.11. - VS. THE CONSTITUTION, PROGRAMS OF GOVERNMENTS VS. PROGRAMS FOR VOLUNTEERS IN PANARCHIES, CENTRAL PLANNING

PROGRAMS: But isn’t a vision good for knowing where you’re headed? - For yourself, but not to impose upon others.” - Ken Schoolland, The Adventure of Jonathan Gullible, Leap Publishing, Cape Town, with Commentaries by Ken Schoolland and Janette Eldridge, 1981 ff, 2004 ed., p.246. - & PLATFORMS ONLY FOR ONESELF & LIKE-MINDED VOLUNTEERS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PROGRAMS: Except for the usual subscription to a large number of popular prejudices and special interests there exists, all to widely, only aimlessness, ignorance, irresolution and lack of interest in the own affairs going beyond private special interests. Only very few people have any sound program in their head for social reforms, liberation, peace and justice. Moreover, very favourable conditions and enough sound publicity techniques are required to spread a sound idea or program widely spread. But without the panarchist option this will, usually, still take all too much time, labour and money. – JZ, 26.7.86, 1.4.08. - PANARCHISM

PROGRAMS: I have thought that a man of tolerable abilities may work great changes if he first forms a good plan and makes the execution of that same plan his whole study and business.” – Benjamin Franklin. - All the pre-conditions for success have not yet been realized. - JZ, 22. 11. 06. – By now there are so many wrongful and harmful government interventions, misnamed "programs", backed up by so many popular errors and prejudices, that a single person has hardly got a chance against any one of them – as long as he and like-minded people are not free to opt out from under them. And this freedom is so important and radical that so far it is still only seen clearly by a few people. – JZ, 10.3.09, 15.2.11. - RIGHTFUL ONES, PLATFORMS, RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, LIBERATION METHODS & REVOLUTIONS, RIGHTFUL FULL & FREE EMPLOYMENT TECHNIQUES, GOOD TECHNIQUES FOR LIBERATION AT THE WORKPLACE, PERSISTENCE IN SENSIBLE ACTIONS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL, FREEDOM OF ACTION, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. TERRITORIALISM & ITS DEGREES OF SLAVERY & SERFDOM

PROGRAMS: I look back now and say, “How could I believe? Where were my senses?” But you get caught up in the enthusiasm. … I didn’t know anything about economics. … I now realize that money for people programs has to come from people.” - Remark by a young woman who had worked on the George McGovern presidential campaign in 1972, quoted by Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.73. – GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS, BUDGETS, TAXES, SPENDING

PROGRAMS: I say there are thousands and tens of thousands of young men in Britain who would follow, with absolute devotion, anyone they could trust – but with their brains! With their brains, not their emotions! – who offered them a policy of real co-operation with other countries, of real humanity, of a peace they could work for as well as die for, and a noble purpose.” – Erich Linklater, The Corner Stones, London, Mcmillan & Co, Ltd., 1941. – Alas, Linklater’s head and, more so, the young people’s heads, not only in England, are so full of popular prejudices and vague notions, that they do not perceive even the best libertarian or anarchist or panarchist program as a solution to most of the remaining governmental interventionist "programs". First their ignorance and prejudices have to be got out of the way. And since there are so many diverse programs of so many different groups of volunteers, we should make sure that all of them are only realized by and among volunteers, in a quite tolerant way, which requires full exterritorial autonomy for all communities of volunteers and the abolition of every territorial monopoly for any supposed “ideal”. – JZ, 12.3.08, 15.2.11. – VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, STATE SOCIALISM

PROGRAMS: Just because some politician or bureaucrat says that a program is good for us doesn’t mean he has a right to force it on us. The end does not justify the means.” – Sam Wells Jr., in OPTION, 4/77. – Nor does the benevolence of a program justify taxation to finance it. – JZ, 12.3.08. – WELFARE STATE, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, PUBLIC SERVANTS, TAXATION, INTOLERANCE, COERCION, COMPULSION, STATISM & TERRITORIALISM VS. FREE CHOICE FOR SOVEREIGN CONSUMERS - AMONG GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES: PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

PROGRAMS: Nothing is so permanent as a temporary government program.” – Milton Friedman – PROGRAMS OF GOVERNMENTS THEIR TEMPORARY MEASURES & METHODS & INSTITUTIONS

PROGRAMS: Programs, all kinds, but all of them only for their subscribers! – JZ, n.d., & 15.2.11. - THE VOLUNTARISM OF PANARCHISM

PROGRAMS: Pugsley’s First Law of Government: All government programs accomplish the opposite of what they are designed to achieve.” – John Pugsley - PROGRAMS OF GOVERNMENTS ACHIEVE THEIR OPPOSITES, PROGRAMS OF GOVERNMENTS

PROGRAMS: The bad part is that government programs have a way of accomplishing the exact opposite of their purpose.” – SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 4/80.

PROGRAMS: The city has programs for everybody but the people who pay for the programs.” – Kevin O’Donell Jr., Tears for Emily, DESTINIES 3/1 – Alas, it does have a taxation or tribute or penalty program for them – and it does not allow them to secede and offer better and cheaper services. It insists on its territorial monopoly and power and on treating its subjects like its property. – JZ, 20.3.09, 15.2.11. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, TAXATION, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES

PROGRAMS: The idea of the “unanticipated consequences” of social action and the “intractability” or problems began to take hold. When Richard Nixon decried the futility of “throwing money at problems”, many academic conservatives agreed.” – NEWSWEEK, Nov. 7, 1977. – Only under full experimental freedom for volunteers can quite sound self-help programs be developed and realized. - JZ, 15.2.11. - GOVERNMENT BUDGETS, GOVERNMENT SPENDING

PROGRAMS: There are numerous false programs advocated as panaceas against the threat of a war with ABC mass murder devices. Some of them do positive harm by helping to preserve or increase present costs and risks. – See: ARMS RACE, BALANCE OF POWER, COMMUNISM, DETERRENCE, DIPLOMACY, MULTILATERAL NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, NUCLEAR STRENGTH, SOCIALISM, UNITED NATIONS, WORLD FEDERATION. - Others are relatively harmless and ought to be “fought” only by counter-propaganda and alternative examples: PRAYERS, SUMMIT CONFERENCES, WORLD LANGUAGE, INTERNATIONAL LAW, WORLD COURT, etc. - Let's just make sure that everyone of the false prophets will be without aggressive, suppressive and exploitative powers and otherwise let's leave them alone. Don't try to make fools out of them. They are doing already all right by themselves in this respect. - See: Enlightenment, Appx. 2 & 4. - Ideas, Ignorance, Prejudices, Propaganda. . - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on Christian Butterbach’s site: - Here revised. For all rightful and sound programs, not only for unsound ones, there ought to be, naturally, full experimental freedom for their supporters as well, always at the own risk and expense. - JZ, 15.2.11, 20.1.14. – RIGHTFUL VS. FALSE PROGRAMS, TOLERANCE & FREEDOM OF ACTION FOR BOTH, IN FREE COMPETITON WITH EACH OTHER

PROGRAMS: Up to a certain point appliances are needful for results; but beyond that point, results decrease as appliances increase. - This undue belief in appliances, joined with the general bias citizens inevitably have in favour of governmental agencies, prompts the multiplication of laws. It fosters the notion that a society will be the better the more its actions are everywhere regulated by artificial instrumentalities. And the effect produced on sociological speculation is, that the benefits achieved by laws are exaggerated, while the evils they entail are overlooked.” – Herbert Spencer, The Study of Sociology, p.270. – The wrongs and evils of monetary despotism are still not widely recognized after almost 100 years of almost uninterrupted practice of it. – JZ, 12.3.08. - BOARDS, COMMISSIONS, BUREAUCRACIES, LAWS, CENTRAL BANKING, MONETARY DESPOTISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROGRAMS: We keep on passing one program for good purpose after another and each one turns to ashes and so we say “we have to have more” and that promotes an even further expansion in the scope of government.” – Milton Friedman in Australia 1975, p.19.

PROGRAMS: We’ll cross that bridge when we come to it. - As the man said, when he stepped off into the chasm.” – Chad Oliver, The Ant and the Eye, ASTOUNDING SF, 4/53. - REVOLUTION, POSTPONEMENT, SHORTSIGHTEDNESS, LACK OF RIGHTFUL & SOUND PROGRAMS, DELAYS, POSTPONEMENTS, EXCUSES

PROGRAMS: What does government’s number one function mean to the American taxpayer? It means that there now are approximately 1,000 government programs, which redistribute the wealth, as opposed to about 100 in 1960. It means that more than 60 million Americans now receive regular government checks of some kind. It means that, theoretically, a person in this country can qualify to receive money from 13 different government agencies at the same time.” – RINGER, Restoring the American Dream, p.121. - Will we “advance” to 10,000 or even 100 000 such programs? – JZ, 12.3.08. – POLICIES, GOVERNMENT, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, HANDOUTS, SUBSIDIES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATE SOCIALISM BY DEGREES

PROGRAMS: What is required is a program that would change the political, economic and social conditions so much that any remaining ruler, who ordered a war, would simply no longer find any obedience or powers or funds for conducting it. To achieve this, much more is required than e.g. some conscientious objection, some non-violent resistance or some protests. - Why shouldn't one, to build a firm foundation for peace and establish a lasting peaceful, free, secure, just and prosperous society, made up of numerous diverse volunteer communities and societies, make the same patient blueprint preparations that are undertaken e.g. for any large building project, seeing that establishing a peaceful, free and just society is worth much more than the largest construction project? - Every day it would save us millions, if not billions of dollars and thousands of lives, if not tens of thousands. I believe that we would find that much of a comprehensive blueprint for peace, based upon freedom and justice, i.e. upon all natural rights, natural law, individual rights and liberties, would consist merely in discarding coercive plans, all the systems and territorial institutions, which powerful men have drawn up, realized and maintain at the expense of their victims, who are presently left with no choice in the matter. - Please consider this ABC guide book as a first draft for such a program - and help to complete and correct it. - A summarized program is contained in Appx. 1, 5-8. - AUTONOMY, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION, DECISION, DECLARATIONS, DESERTION, DISARMAMENT, DISOBEDIENCE, EXTERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE, FREE MIGRATION; FREE TRADE, GOVERNMENT INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, MILITIA, MONETARY FREEDOM, SECESSION, WAR AIMS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - Here somewhat revised. - JZ, LIBERTARIAN IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBRARY, ABSTRACTS, REVIEWS, INDEX, NEW DRAFT, IMPORTANCE OF A PROPER PROGRAM

PROGRAMS: When one gets to the heart of most government “programs”, he discovers that they are nothing more than varying schemes to redistribute income. Few people, however, recognized the more subtle means of accomplishing the redistribution process. The schemes they do understand are those, which involve taking dollars out of their pockets and handing them directly to others. This forcible transfer of people’s assets has come to be known in political jargon as “transfer payment”. – Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.138. - TRANSFER SOCIETY, TRANSFER PAYMENTS, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION GOVERNMENT SPENDING, BUDGETS, REDISTRIBUTIONISM

PROGRAMS: You can’t beat something with nothing.” – Vince Lombardi – Or merely by sitting down, shouting, demonstrating, waving signs and otherwise mere protesting, without even any clear knowledge and appreciation of any sound alternative or worrying about it sufficiently, to clear and advance one’s mind. – JZ, 20.1.14. – MARCHING, PROTESTING, DEMONSTRATING, MERELY INDICATING DISPLEASURE RATHER THAN DISPLAYING NOWLEDGE & APPRECIATION OF BETTER IDEAS & INSTITUTIONS, BEING WITHOUT A PROGRAM THAT DESERVES THAT TERM

PROGRESS: A chance for progress to start again.” – Dennis Etchinson, Time Killer, in FANTASTIC, Oct. 72. – A chance for volunteers to try to realize unlimited progress among themselves, quite independent from ruling minorities or majorities. – JZ, 13.3.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW OR EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: A cripple in the right way may beat a racer in the wrong one. Nay, the fleeter and better the racer is, who hath once missed his way, the farther he leaveth it behind.” - Francis Bacon. A slow advance in the right direction is faster than speed in the wrong direction. - JZ, 21.8.02. – Territorialism is the wrong track for everybody! – JZ, 10.3.09. - ADVANCES, INNOVATIONS, BEING ON THE RIGHT OR ON THE WRONG TRACK, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, LAISSEZ FAIRE, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, CONTRACT & SECESSION IN EVERY SPHERE

PROGRESS: a now-forgotten philosopher (*) observed that “Mankind is a race which binds itself in chains - and calls each fresh link progress.” - V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 10/75. - Compare: A race that binds its body in chains and calls them liberty. And calls each fresh link progress. - Robert Buchanan. - Isn’t it high time to put all really progressive thoughts, ideas etc. together, readily accessible to anyone interested? - JZ, 13.3.08. - Moreover, it not high time that the real pioneers and innovators do get their chance to prove their case via full exterritorial autonomy for them, naturally, always at their own risk and expense? - JZ, 15.2.11. - (*) A race that binds its body in chains and calls them liberty. And calls each fresh link progress.” – Robert Buchanan. - EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, LIBERTARIAN IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBRARY, ABSTRACTS, REVIEWS, INDEX, ENCYCLOPEDIA, REFUTATIONS FILE, ENLIGHTENMENT, SELF-EDUCATION OPTIONS VS. TERRITORIALISM, MAN, STATISM, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITIES, LAWS – CHAINS, WELFARE STATE, RESTRICTIONS, “SOCIAL PROGRESS”, “SOCIAL JUSTICE”, NEGATIVE PROGRESS, RELAPSES INTO BARBARISM, STATE SOCIALISM, DIRIGISM, PLANNING, LAWS

PROGRESS: A people, it appears, may be progressive for a certain length of time, and then stop: when does it stop? When it ceases to possess individuality.” – John Stuart Mill, On Liberty. – And to progress individually or via minority groups, free to do their own things. - JZ, 15.2.11. - Speaking of people in this way does already deny the individuality of those involved, more or less against their will. – Under territorial and centralized decision-making there is not enough individualism left. Never will all of the population of a country be a single entity, either all progressive or stagnating or regressing, or ceasing to be progressive, stagnating or regressing. Letting each individual make the choice for himself would maximize progress, at least in the long run, by setting many encouraging as well as discouraging examples, not only in countries across the border and in other historical periods but immediately and next door. - The same freedom for all the statists, of whatever party. Let each individual choose his own political, economic and social system or party platform program for his community of volunteers. The results will tend to be different for all the different systems freely chosen by individuals. But that does not matter, as long as individuals are free to secede again from their prior choices, to shop around, boycott the worst systems, join the best or, establish themselves better ones than they did formerly patronize. Let there be consumer sovereignty and self-service as well as free enterprise in this sphere: Self-selected goods and services at prices that seem bearable to the shopper, in any combination that he presently wants in his “shopping cart” or contract deal with his preferred government or society or community. Let him subscribe to package deals, e.g. home delivered meals of a certain kind. Few would subscribe to all of the budget items of today’s territorial governments. They would want certain insurance and protection services – but not others. Successful “shoppers” will brag about their bargains. Unsuccessful ones will complain – but the remedy for them will be on hand. They need no longer buy the same goods at the same shop or at the three government shops, the federal the state and the local government one. Letting each individual make his own choices will speed up progress as much as possible. Also prosperity, peace, security, welfare, health, freedom, the recognition of all individual rights. – Amen! – JZ, 6.4.89, 8.4.89. JZ, 22.2.08, 15.2.11. – PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, PEOPLE, INDIVIDUALISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES, FULL CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, LAISSEZ FAIRE, COMPETITION, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT & ASSOCIATION AS WELL AS EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM TOWARDS ALL OF THEM

PROGRESS: A race that binds its body in chains and calls them liberty. And calls each fresh link progress.” – Robert Buchanan. – MAN, STATISM, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITIES, LAWS

PROGRESS: All innovation is not progress.” – Edmund Burke. – Indeed. Nevertheless, volunteers should be free to try it out among themselves, at their own risk and expense. – JZ, 30.3.08.

PROGRESS: All progress has resulted from people who took unpopular positions.” – Adlai E. Stevenson. – That fact turns even territorial democracy into a wrongful obstacle. – JZ, 13.3.08. – DEMOCRACY, POPULARITY, SUCCESS

PROGRESS: All progress that was ever achieved was achieved by opting out of predominant institutions, practices or theories or all three. – JZ, 3.10.88. – OPTING OUT, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, OPTING OUT

PROGRESS: All that is human must retrograde if it do not advance.” – Edward Gibbon, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1776. - Is that a fact or a dogma? – I find stagnation much more likely. We have seen it happening for a long time in China and in Japan and in societies dominated by religion. And it existed for very long periods before civilization arose. - JZ, 30.3.08. - “Do” or “does”? - JZ

PROGRESS: Among the worst aspects of exclusive territorial rule over voluntary and involuntary members is that it channels progress only in one direction, that approved by politicians, bureaucrats and the majority. (Admittedly, sometimes two different aims are sponsored at the same time, even if opposite to each other. But the complete range of possible choices is not permitted for individual territorial subjects.) - Numerous already somewhat discovered and expressed, known or unknown alternatives and options are territorially prohibited from coming into existence here and now. - Imagine what would happen if we did the same regarding religion, philosophy, arts, science, technology, medicine and agriculture! – JZ, n.d., in Pan AZ. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, SECESSIONISM, INDIVDIUAL SOVEREIGNTY, CONSUMER & PRODUCER SOVEREIGNTY OR LAISSEZ FAIRE IN EVERY SPHERE

PROGRESS: And now, passing by many incidents in the working of the great machine, that is so largely indulgent to our fighting and bargaining propensities, I come to what seems to me the very heart of Mr Spencer's social and political teaching. It is not often given to a man to sum up in three words a great truth, that is fated sooner or later to revolutionize the thought and action of all nations; and yet that is, I think, what Mr Spencer happily achieved. The three words were, progress is difference - that is, if you or I are to think more clearly, or to act more efficiently and more rightly than those who have preceded us, it can only be because at some point we leave the path which they followed, and enter a new path of our own; in other words, we must have the temper and courage to differ from accepted standards of thought and perception and action. …” Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.65. – DIFFERENCE, VARIETY, DIVERSITY, OTHER OPTIONS & PATHS, SYSTEMS, METHODS, PERSONAL LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT ACTIONS, SECESSIONISM VS. COMPULSORY UNIFORMITY

PROGRESS: And since responsibility cannot be conceived without free will, since acts, if not voluntary, could not furnish valid instruction or experience; since beings whose improvement or deterioration would be entirely due to outside causes without any act of will, reflection, or choice on their part, as happens in the case of inert matter, could not be called perfectible in the moral sense of the word; we must conclude that freedom is the very essence of man’s progress. To tamper with man’s freedom is not only to injure him, to degrade him; it is to change his nature, to render him, in so far as such oppression is exercised, incapable of improvement.” - Frederic Bastiat, quoted in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC for November 23. - There is already much more wisdom within the words of our language than most people are able or willing to apply, so far, to their private and public affairs. - JZ, 13.3.08. - FREE WILL, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, FREEDOM, TAMPERING, MAN, DEGRADATION, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE, MORALITY, IMPROVEMENTS, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, DECENTRALIZATION VS. CENTRALIZATION, INDEPENDENT DECISION-MAKING, PERFECTIBILITY, MORALITY, SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-RELIANCE VS. OPPRESSION, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY TOWARDS WHOLE SYSTEMS

PROGRESS: Any improvement in society rests exclusively on improved actions which stem from improved thinking and understanding.” – FEE slogan. – Also from full exterritorial autonomy for volunteers to engage in these actions or experiments. - JZ, 15.2.11. - EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, THINKING, FREEDOM OF ACTION, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTATIION, VOLUNTARISM, UNDERSTANDING, IDEAS, IMPROVEMENTS

PROGRESS: Anything that interferes with individual progress ultimately will retard group progress.” – George H. Houston. – Quoted in ANALOG, 11/97. - LIBERTY, INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

PROGRESS: Be ashamed to die till you have achieved some victory for humanity.” – Horace Mann, quoted in ANALOG, 7/86, p.118. - SOCIAL REFORM, DUTY, LIBERATION, PEACE, JUSTICE, FREE SOCIETY, RESPONSIBILITY

PROGRESS: Every advancement of human thought, every improvement of the human condition, has come about through the practices of voluntary cooperation and individual initiative.” – THE MATCH, June 75. – ADVANCEMENTS, IMPROVEMENTS, REFORMS, CHANGES, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL INITIATIVE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM

PROGRESS: Every individual to become free to step forward – by his own standards, stop, by his standards or even to step backwards, to regain his older standards, always only at his own expense and risk. – JZ, 25.11.93, 15.2.08. - STAGNATION REACTION INDIVIDUALIZED, PANARCHISM

PROGRESS: Every step of progress the world has made has been from scaffold to scaffold, and from stake to stake.” – Wendell Phillips, speech, Oct. 15, 1851. – The modern potential benefactors of the world are now often not murdered but merely and all too often simply ignored, because there exists as yet or ready market for them, e.g. in the form of an Ideas Archive, a Talent an Genius Centre or the possibility to experiment with and practise their ideas among a few volunteers in the form of exterritorially autonomous communities: panarchies or polyarchies. To persuade a local territorial majority is extremely difficult, costly and often impossible. – JZ, 30.3.08. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENLIGHTENMENT, A REAL NOT ONLY AN IMAGINED FREE MARKET FOR ALL IDEAS & TALENTS

PROGRESS: Everything in the world is moved by an inner urge to become something greater than it is.” – Will Durant, The Story of Philosophy, p.69, on Aristotle’s Metaphysics. - DEVELOPMENT

PROGRESS: Everything that is really great and inspiring is created by the individual who can labor in freedom.” - Albert Einstein - One should not forget about voluntary associations and teamwork. Lone individuals can only do so much and no more on their own. - JZ, 15.2.11. - This long but still very incomplete and flawed compilation by an individual is one proof of many for this assertion. – JZ, 20.1.14. - INDIVIDUALS & LIBERTY

PROGRESS: Explosive growth follows when millions of people are liberated to contribute ideas and energy, rather than have everything come from a main-frame government.” - John Naisbitt, Global Paradox, p.56. – Or only all too few rightful and positive ideas and reforms and all too many wrongful and flawed ones. - A quite free market for ideas and talents should be established to work its “miracles”. - JZ, 16.9.07 - Compare Leonard E. Read’s remark: “Release all creative energies!” - Territorial liberation and its national federal, State and local government bodies for whole populations are not liberating enough, however “democratic” and well meaning they are. We need freedom of action or experimental freedom for all kinds of societies and communities willing to do their own things under full exterritorial autonomy. - Only thus can all creative and constructive potential become released in the spheres presently monopolized by all territorial governments. - JZ, 15.2.11. - GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT, LIBERATION, INDIVIDUALISM, IDEAS & ENERGY, STATE SOCIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL & VOLUNTARY DECENTRALIZATION VS. COMPULSORY & TERRITORIAL CENTRALIZATION

PROGRESS: Few, indeed, are those who realize that it is the attractive force of invisible freedom that account exclusively for whatever progress there is or ever will be.” – Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, p.101. – FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROGRESS: For most of history 90 % of the human race has lived on the progress made by the other 10 %, and that’s not likely to change.” – Jerry Pournell, NEW DESITINIES, Fall 90, p. 193. - MINORITIES, INNOVATORS, PIONEERS, INVENTORS, DISCOVERIES, ENLIGHTENING WRITINGS

PROGRESS: Fortunately, they were old enough to remember the tyrannies of the past and struck down the attack on individual freedom, even though it was wrapped in a package and labelled ‘progress’.” – Walter B. Wriston, THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p.563, on the Supreme Court opponents of the New Deal. – I would like to see a statistic on the decisions of the Supreme Court, clearly showing how often it upheld individual rights and liberties as opposed to the cases in which it did not. – If in most cases it did not uphold individual rights and liberties, then we would be better off without it. – The same should be done for all the other countries and their supreme courts. – For then they would be institutions for injustice rather than justice. – Naturally, all but aggressors and other criminals with victims should also be free to opt out from under their jurisdiction. - JZ, 13.3.08. – Perhaps an ideal militia of volunteers to protect individual rights and liberties would be the most rightful and efficient judge in this sphere. – JZ, 20.1.14. - SUPREME COURTS, AN IDEAL MILITIA FOR THE PROTECTION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROGRESS: Freedom is not only the soil in which progress thrives, through the unhampered action of enterprising minds, it is also the soil in which stability thrives, through the interaction of diverse minds.” – S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.243. - FREEDOM, STABILITY, SECURITY, SAFETY

PROGRESS: Freedom is, I insist, man’s most important “tool”, the essential means to his progress, to his highest destiny on this earth (*); to grow, emerge, evolve in awareness, perception, consciousness. And let us bear in mind that freedom is not a social relationship to be (territorially – JZ) designed, constructed, or created: freedom exists unless prevented, that is, it exists in the absence of restraints.” – Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.91. – However, the intolerant, the despotic, the interventionists etc., they do need to be effectively restrained and this not merely by a territorial monopolist for such restraints, one which is itself is the greatest offender against rights and liberties. - (*) Why only on this planet? – JZ, 13.3.08, 20.1.14. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, A FREE MARKET FOR WHOLE POLITICAL, ECONOMIC & SOCIAL SYSTEMS, NOT ONLY “LIMITED” TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS

PROGRESS: Freedom: Is the sole touchstone of social progress: A Communism that requires enslavement in order to gain freedom is like virtue predicated on crime.” – Dagobert D. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p.48. – COMMUNISM

PROGRESS: Further progress must be towards increased sacredness of personal claims, and a subordination of whatever limits them.” – Herbert Spencer, Social Statics, General Considerations. – This 1850 book contains the famous chapter 19: The Right to Ignore the State. – Alas, he left it out in later editions. – JZ, 13.3.08. - INDIVIDUALISM, PERSONAL LAWS, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

PROGRESS: He built jet airliners in which he swiftly spans the ocean only to spend hours circling the airport before landing and discovering that his luggage has flown into a destination of its own.” - Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, p.2/3. - & TECHNOLOGY, JOKES

PROGRESS: He who disdains the fall in infant mortality and the gradual disappearance of famines and plagues may cast the first stone upon the materialism of the economists. – Ludwig von Mises – POSITIVE SIGNS OF THE TIMES – JZ-file

PROGRESS: He would easily understand that labor is not an end in itself, but a means, and that it would be absurd to reject the end for fear of doing injury to the means. He would understand, too, that if he devotes two hours of the day to providing for his needs, any circumstance (machinery, the fertility of the soil, a gratuitous gift, no matter what) that saves him an hour of his labor, so long as the product is as great, puts that hour at his disposal, and that he can devote it to improving his well-being. He would understand, in short, that a saving in labor is nothing else than progress. – But exchange hampers our view of so simple a truth. In society, with the division of labor that it entails, the production and the consumption of an object are not performed by the same individual. Each person comes to regard his labor no longer as a means, but as an end. Exchange creates, in relation to each object, two interests, that of its producer and that of its consumer; and these two interests are always directly opposed to each other.” (*) – Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.166. – (*) Are they really, objectively, opposed to each other or only subjectively believed to be opposed to each other? Under conditions of full employment, requiring mostly full monetary, clearing and financial freedom, the fear of unemployment will disappear and people, who were doing jobs that had become superfluous, will soon find other and better jobs for their capabilities, in the average paying them more, while prices for consumer goods and services were reduced through the very progress that made their old jobs superfluous. – JZ, 13.3.08. – LABOR, EMPLOYEE MENTALITY, FEAR OF UNEMPLOYMENT, MACHINES, AUTOMATION, JOBS, FULL EMPLOYMENT, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, DIVISION OF LABOUR, FREE TRADE, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE EXCHANGE, COMPETITION, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, CONSPIRACY & EXPLOITATION NOTIONS, COMBINED WITH WRONG VIEWS ON COMPETITION & MONOPOLIES, LAISSEZ FAIRE, PROPERTY RIGHTS, WAGES, EARNINGS

PROGRESS: Human progress is furthered, not by conformity, but by aberration.” – H. L. Mencken, Prejudices, Third Series, 1922, p.18. – INNOVATION, INVENTION, DISCOVERY, CORRECT THINKING & IDEAS, PRINCIPLES

PROGRESS: I believe the progress of freedom depends more upon the maintenance of peace, the spread of commerce, and the diffusion of education, than upon the labours of Cabinets or Foreign Offices. - Richard Cobden – Quoted by Nizam Ahmad – Facebook, 12.7.13. – STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

PROGRESS: I must agree with challengers who point out that men have never agreed as yet on anything. (*) Implicitly in this argument against a condition of freedom is the supposition that progress is dependent upon human agreement. Fortunately, this is never true. (*) Men have never all agreed, but their failure to do so has not prevented progress from occurring.” – Robert LeFevre, Freedom – A Definitive Proposal, point 3, in LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Fall 77. - (*) Volunteers do often and extensively agree on many things. But whole populations of territories rarely, if ever, do. – Sovereign individuals or groups of volunteers are enough for progress, when free of statist territorial restraints, can promote it as fast and far as it is possible for human beings to do. - JZ, 13.3.08, 15.2.11, 20.1.14. – PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, DISSENT, CONSENT? TERRITORY-WIDE? DISAGREEMENTS INEVITABLE, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: I never believed in progress, which is (*) impossible in the framework of any political power-structure, whether of the right or left. These structures always exert their pressure on society to ensure that it remains the same or, if this is impossible, even more the same, i.e. repressive.” – Robin Cook, A State of Denmark, p.57. – (*) Almost impossible. Even under the Soviet and Nazi regimes some progress occurred, e.g. in the natural sciences and in technology. But in all too many other spheres we were set back by them and also in science and technology, to the extent that they merely furthered the aims of these totalitarian power mongers. - JZ, 15.2.11. - TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE, CENTRALIZATION VS. EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR FREE EXPERIMENTATION AMONG VOLUNTEERS

PROGRESS: If a thing is desirable and not theoretically impossible, the odds are infinitely great that it will be done.” – Julien Chain, Success Story, ASTOUNDING, UK edition, 1/53. – Provided it is not blocked by territorial and nationalistic statism. – JZ, 20.1.14. - IDEAS, THEORIES, PRACTICABILITY

PROGRESS: If we are to improve in any direction, we must not be bound up with each other in inseparable bundles, we must have the power in ourselves to find and to take the new path of our own. Is not every improvement of machinery and method, every gain made in science and art, every choosing of the truer road and turning away from the false road that we have hitherto trodden - does it not all arise from those differences of thought and perception which, so long as freedom exists, even in its present imperfect forms, are from time to time born amongst us? Whenever men become merely copies and echoes of each other, when they act and think according to fixed and sealed pattern, is not all growth arrested, all bettering of the world made difficult, if not impossible? What hope of real progress, when difference has almost ceased to exist; when men think in the same fashion as a regiment marches; and no mind feels the life-giving stimulating impulse which the varying competing thoughts of others bring with it?” - Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.65. – TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS OR EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREE CHOICE, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, FREE COMPETITION, ASSOCIATION, SECESSIONISM & CONTRACT IN EVERY SPHERE VS. NATIONAL UNITY NOTIONS & COERCION, STATISM, NATIONALISM

PROGRESS: If you desire progress, you must remove all obstacles that impede for each man the exercise of his reasoning and imaginative faculties in his own way; and you must do nothing to lessen the rewards, which he expects in return for his exertions. And in what does this reward consist? Often in the simple triumph of the truth of some opinion. It is marvellous how much toil men will undergo for the sake of their ideas; how cheerfully they will devote life, strength, and enjoyment to the work of convincing others of the existence of some fact or the truth of some view.” – Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition of his essays, p.68. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETIGN GOVERNANCE, TO EACH HIS OWN

PROGRESS: if, indeed, humanity is making any 'progress' at all, then it has come, and always comes, at great expense.” - Neil Potman, Crazy Talk, Stupid Talk, p.110. - Since people have different notions of what constitutes progress and what not, general progress will advance fastest when each is free to follow his own notions at his own expense and risk. Panarchism would facilitate that. To tie all down to the few and limited progressive notions shared by orthodox scientists, over-aged and semi-senile rulers, ideological madmen or all too disinterested and prejudiced and misinformed majorities, will indeed rarely and only slowly achieve any progress and this only at the cost of numerous crimes and mistakes, payable in blood, loss of liberty and rights and widespread and prolonged impoverishment. By why try to advance only in such a crazy way? In technology and natural sciences we have long ago adopted free experimentation among volunteers, instead. Now, at last, we should adopt this approach for the so-called social sciences. They will advance to become real social sciences on the basis of free experimentation among volunteers, which requires their exterritorial autonomy. J. Z. 2.7.92, 6.1.93. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM IN THE “SOCIAL SCIENCES” – ALWAYS FOR VOLUNTEERS ONLY

PROGRESS: In place of the NRA and Mussolini’s Blackshirts of another era, we have new groups with new names selling the same worn-out concept of government planning as ‘progress’.” – Walter B. Wriston, THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p.563. – PLANNING, DIRECTION, CONTROL, GOVERNMENTALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, CENTRALIZATION, NATIONALISM

PROGRESS: In that the wisdom of the few becomes available to the many, there is progress in human affairs; without it, the static routine of tradition continues.” - Joseph Jastrow – The required wisdom, ideas, technique or method is often already available – but not yet the freedom and right to practise them. – JZ, 23.1.08. – TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLIES, LAWS, TRADITION, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM VS. EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

PROGRESS: In the name of progress and freedom both, progress and freedom are being outlawed.” – Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.11.

PROGRESS: Is it progress if a cannibal uses knife and fork? – Stanislaw J. Lec. - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. Compare: “Nuclear giants and ethical infants.” – General Omar Bradley – JOKES, CANNIBALISM, Q.

PROGRESS: it became evident that progress is the more effective when it is not checked by State interference.” – Kropotkin, in “19th Century Opinion”, p.245.

PROGRESS: It is clear that all progress stems from the non-transplantable faculties of unique individuals, generating at their best when free and unrestrained.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.38. - But their successful experiments can be almost endlessly copied and multiplied among less creative people. – Few established the laws and practices of the use of electricity and of electronics – compared with the masses of their users of these discoveries and techniques that exist now. - JZ, 12.3.08. – WRONGFUL RESTRAINTS, SUPPRESSIONS, CHAINS, LAWS, REGULATIONS, INTERVENTIONS VS. FREE COMPETITION, LAISSEZ FAIRE, EXPERIMENTATION, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, COMPETITION, SECESSION, FREE EXCHANGE & ASSOCIATION IN EVER SPHERE

PROGRESS: It is really quite clear that if we were all agreed, or if we were all forced to act as if we did agree, we could not have any progress whatever. Change can take place only when someone disagrees with what is, and with the help of a small minority succeeds in putting that disagreement into practice. No (territorial – JZ) government makes allowance for this fact, and consequently all progress which is made has to come in spite of governments, not by their agency.” – George Barrett, THE MATCH, July/Aug. 75. - CHANGE, DISAGREEMENTS, PRIVATE & FREE INITIATIVES, SECESSIONISM, INDIVDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PERSONAL LAW, TERRITORIALISM, VOTING, DEMOCRACY, CONSENT, STATISM, VOLUNTARISM

PROGRESS: It’s impossible to make progress without controversy.” – G. Harry Stine, ANALOG 1/91, p184. – Correct, but one can reduce the controversy to a minimum - within a framework of tolerance for all diverse but tolerant actions, i.e., under panarchism or polyarchism, once this, itself, is no longer controversial. – JZ, 4.4.91, 9.1.99. - CONTROVERSY & PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, VOLUNTARISM, LAISSEZ FAIRE, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, ASSOCIATION, COMPETITION & EXPERIMENTAIL IN EVERY SPHERE

PROGRESS: It’s no accident that capitalism has brought with it progress, not merely in production but also in knowledge. Egoism and competition are, alas, stronger forces than public spirit and sense of duty.’ – Albert Einstein - Fortunately, and contrary to Einstein's belief, egoism, in the form of rightful and rational self-interest, and competition, i.e. a free market for all kinds of rightful and tolerant services and institutions, are stronger than the myths and prejudices that sail under the pretence that they are public-spirited and dutiful. - All my bets are on the rightful and positive outcomes of exterritorial voluntarism vs. territorial compulsion. - JZ, 15.2.11. - & CAPITALISM, KNOWLEDGE, EGOISM, VESTED INTEREST, POWER ADDICTIION, MONOPOLISM & COMPETITION, SELF-INTEREST, FREE MARKET, TOLERANCE, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, PREJUDICES

PROGRESS: letting individuals fearlessly work out their private destinies. You might call it the market theory of progress.” – Poul Anderson, Tales of the Flying Mountain, p.150. – But this freedom is as well required when it comes not only to private affairs of individuals and small hobby groups etc. but to whole political, economic and social systems. Here territorial impositions cause the greatest wrongs and damages. – JZ, 13.3.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. TERRITORILISM, STATISM, COMPULSION

PROGRESS: Liberty is the breath of progress.” – R. G. Ingersoll, How to Reform Mankind.

PROGRESS: Man’s progress through the ages is from a regime of domination to one of understanding, consent, and free cooperation. That great movement of liberation is the glory of our past. It is also our inseparable program for the future.” – G. P. Gooch, Dictatorship in Theory and Practice, p.42.

PROGRESS: Mankind has to thank the discontented for all progress.” – Aldous Leonard Huxley, in my re-translation from the German version: “Den Fortschritt verdanken Menschen den Unzufriedenen.” - Experimental freedom under personal law for all dissenters and discontent people! - JZ, 15.2.11. - DISCONTENT, DISSIDENTS, MINORITIES, OPPONENTS

PROGRESS: Most of the desirable progress towards a free, peaceful, just and prosperous society, which we have tried to achieve, collectively and territorially, thousands of times, in large or small statist experiments, over not only hundreds but thousands of years, can be rapidly achieved, at least by a few pioneers, on the basis of exterritorial autonomy for volunteers or personal law. - JZ 18.10.87, 2.4.89. - Thereby, lastly, for all who come to appreciate it. - JZ, 20.9.04. - PEACE & JUSTICE & FREEDOM THROUGH EXTERRITORIALIST AUTONOMY OR PERSONAL LAW FOR VOLUNTEERS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FULL FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, ASSOCIATION & SECESSIONISM

PROGRESS: Most people in the Western World are already as free as they want to be and without thinking much about it. They take some minimal democratic and classical liberties more or less for granted and few only dream of more. However, given the individualistic and minority autonomy options of panarchism regarding government taxation, spending, laws, jurisdiction, constitutions and membership, we would soon see radical and effective moves towards more liberty, based on “one-man-revolutions”, although they would, initially, be made and supported by only a few. From these they might come to spread as fast as e.g. fashions and pop tunes do. – JZ, 28.4.91, 7.1.99, 20.9.04. - PANARCHISM & THE WESTERN WORLD

PROGRESS: Much of what passes as progress today is really reactionary. The use of nuclear power is a prime example. Technologically it may be an innovation. But in its concentration of power in the hands of a few, in its threat to individual liberty, in its mass murder and indiscriminate destruction potential it is not. - Because e.g. nuclear reactors are called peaceful and progressive, we tend to put up with these nuclear bomb and pollution factories (whose fuel production, by the way, has swallowed up an enormous amount of conventionally produced energy). Nuclear weapons, merely because of the degree of their destructiveness and the speed of their delivery, are considered as modern and progressive weapons, regardless of how archaic the notion of the enemy and the target is which they are supposed to destroy. - Many people are so concerned with technological gimmicks that they search only for gimmicks to down IBM's and to control a multilateral nuclear disarmament agreement - that they altogether ignore the defensive and disarming powers inherent in free and enlightened individuals and their communities. - See: ATOMIC ENERGY, DISARMAMENT FREEDOM, INDIVIDUALISM, MODERN, PEACEFUL USE, POWER, RESEARCH, SELFHELP, TRUST, WAR AIMS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - Here rev., 15.2.11. - WRONG IDEAS ON PROGRESS

PROGRESS: New was what I consider the confusion of progress. In the 20th century one could no longer distinguish between the invention of the radio through Marconi and the invention of mass murderous weapons.” – Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Band 1, Reportagen und Gespraeche, Knaur, 1976, S.199. - Some could not and still do not. Some did and still do. - JZ, 15.2.11. - INVENTIONS, TECHNOLOGY, BOMBING, INDISCRIMINATE, AIR RAIDS

PROGRESS: Nothing slows you down more than going fast in the wrong direction.” – Source?

PROGRESS: Now, if we accept this simple but most far-reaching truth, progress is difference, as I think we must do, let us frankly and loyally accept it with all the great consequences, which follow from it. If progress is the child of difference, then it is for us to let our social and political systems favor difference to the fullest extent possible. At no point must we imprison minds under those fighting systems, which always restrain thought and favor mechanical discipline - fighting is one thing and thinking is another; at no point must we stereotype action, preventing its natural and healthy divergence; at no point throw difficulties in the way of effort and experiment; at no point de-individualize men by making them dull repetitions of each other, soulless, automatic ciphers, lost, helpless in their crowd; but everywhere we must allow the natural rewards and inducements and motives to act upon free self-guiding men and women, encouraging them to feel that the work of improvement, the work of world-bettering, the achieving of progress, lies in their own hands, as individuals, and that, if they wish to share in this great common work, they must strive individually to live at their best. - Throughout the whole nation, we must let every man and woman, instead of looking to their parties and parliaments and governments, feel the full strength of the inspiring inducement to do something in their own individual capacities and to join with others in doing something - the smallest or the greatest thing - better than it has yet been done, and so make their own contribution to the great fund of general good.” - Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.66. - Alas, he did not want to liberate us completely from the flawed collectivist and coercive notion of a single and really unified territorial nation. - JZ, 15.2.11. – LIMITED BUT STILL TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY GOVERNMENTS, NATIONS, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. TERRITORIALISM, THINKING VS. FIGHTING, FREE & RIGHTFUL ACTIONS VS. UNFREE & WRONGFUL ONES, LAISSEZ FAIRE & COMPETITION, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, ASSOCIATION & EXPERIMENTATION IN EVERY SPHERE, DEFENCE, LIBERATION, ENLIGHTENMENT ALTERNATIVES

PROGRESS: Oh century, oh sciences! It’s a pleasure to live but not yet to retire from the struggle. … The studies blossom, minds are moving and you, barbarism, take a rope and prepare to be banished!” – Ulrich von Hutten, 1488-1523. – He, too, underestimated the strength of the territorially organized opposition of the statists. – We will have to mobilize the decentralist and diversity tendencies among them as well in order to gain sufficient liberties for ourselves and other freedom lovers, even for statists - as long as they are no longer intolerant territorialists. - Just like atheists and agnostics, rationalists and humanists gained freedom for themselves via promoting religious freedom and religious tolerance. - JZ, 13.3.08, 15.2.11. - THINK, SCIENCE, BARBARISM, MINDS, EMANCIPATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT PEOPLE & COMMUNITIES, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL

PROGRESS: One cannot move the whole of mankind forward at one. We can advance fast, in the average, only by allowing individuals and their communities of volunteers to move, one by one, towards their own ideals, as fast or slowly as they wish to. If they are quite free to do so, then their successful examples will, sooner or later, inspire most of the others. At the same time, numerous false or flawed ideas, opinions and proposals will become rapidly exposed as such - by their realization at the expense and risk of their believers, a bad and deterrent examples. - JZ, 3.4.80, 1.2.11, 20.1.14. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS, MANKIND, CHANGE

PROGRESS: only in the absence of unnecessary or man-concocted restraints will the creativity of mankind reach its zenith.” – Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/73. – CREATIVITY & RESTRAINTS, LAWS, TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: Our forefathers did without sugar until the 13th Century, without coal fires until the 14th, without buttered bread until the 16th, tea or soup until the 17th, without gas, matches, or electricity until the 19th, without cars, canned or frozen foods until the 20th. Now, what was it you were complaining about?” - Reverend Richard Stephens, Vicar Church in Cheshire, England

PROGRESS: Pro is to con as progress is to Congress. – Richard Dyson, Rocheter, N.Y., quoted in OMNI, 5/79. -JOKES

PROGRESS: Progress can only come “by acting through the living energies of the free individuals … finding their own experience, setting before themselves their own hopes and desires, aiming only at such ends as they truly share in common, and ever at the foundation of it all, respecting deeply and religiously alike their own freedom, and the freedom of all others. – Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, quoted in “reason”, 5/79.

PROGRESS: Progress depends on freedom.” – Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.X, chapter heading for this chapter beginning on p.90. – Nevertheless, we have still not compiled an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties. Even most libertarians have left this job to governments and this in spite of their all too incomplete and flawed bills of rights. - JZ, 13.3.08, 20.1.14. - Two liberties to be stated in it would be 1.) the right of individuals and minorities to secede and 2.) to engage in political, economic and social experiments under full exterritorial autonomy (personal law). I know only of one declaration so far which does contain these two important rights. Many other important rights are also still missing in most such declarations. - JZ, 15.2.11. - FREEDOM, LIBERTY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATIONS

PROGRESS: Progress depends upon a great number of small changes and adaptations and experiments, constantly taking place – each carried out by those who have strong beliefs and clear perceptions of their own in the matter.” – Auberon Herbert, quoted in Sprading p.412. – However, in the spheres of political, economic and social system, progress is obstructed by territorialism and the politicians and bureaucrats who benefit from it. – JZ, 13.3.08. – However, even their numerous factions within their parties would greatly benefit if they adopted panarchism. – JZ, 20.1.14. - STATISM, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, POWER ADDICTS, TERRITORIALISM & PANARCHISM, FACTIONS, PARTIES, PANARCHIES FOR THE XYZ DIFFERENT STATISTS, ALLOWING ALL TO AT LEAST RULE THEMSELVES & THEIR MEMBERS & SUPPORTERS, ALL VOLUNTEERS

PROGRESS: Progress does get made, however slowly and with however many setbacks. It is the work of those who are too brave to despair. Our descendants may yet create a society more sane than any which has gone before. But will this keep them from insanities of their own?” – Poul Anderson, Conquests, p.187.

PROGRESS: progress doesn’t come from early risers – progress is made by lazy men looking for easier ways to do things.” – Robert Heinlein, Time Enough for Love, p.53.

PROGRESS: Progress has been made through evolution, and not through force, coercion or government edict.” – Dean Smith, Conservatism, p.209. – Most progress, yes. – JZ, n.d. - This remark by a prominent conservative shows that even these people are not, fundamentally, opposed to panarchism. Panarchism would permit them to retain their conservative views, laws and institutions as long as they want to – among themselves. – JZ, 13.3.08. – EVOLUTION, PANARCHISM FOR CONSERVATIVES

PROGRESS: Progress is difference. – HERBERT SPENCER, quoted by Auberon Herbert, in his 1906 Herbert Spencer Lecture: “ … I come to what seems to me the very heart of Mr Spencer’s social and political teaching. It is not often given to a man to sum up in three words a great truth, that is fated sooner or later to revolutionize the thought and action of all nations; and yet that is, I think, what Mr Spencer happily achieved. The three words were – ‘progress is difference’ – that is, if you or I are to think more clearly, or to act more efficiently and more rightly than those who have preceded us, it can only be because at some point we leave the path which they followed, and enter a new path of our own - in other words, we must have the temper and courage to differ from accepted standards of thought and perception and action. If we are to improve in any direction, we must not be bound up with each other in inseparable bundles, we must have the power in ourselves to find and to take the new path of our own. Is not every improvement of machinery and method, every gain made in science and art, every choosing of the truer road and turning away from the false road what we have hitherto trodden – does it not all arise from those differences of thought and perception which, so long as freedom exists, even in its present imperfect form, are from time to time born amongst us? Whenever men become merely copies and echoes of each other, when they act and think according to fixed and sealed pattern, is not all growth arrested, all bettering of the world made more difficult, if not impossible? … Throughout the whole nation, we must let every man and woman, instead of looking to their parties and parliaments and governments, feel the full strength of the inspiring inducement to do something in their own individual capacities and to join with others in doing something – the smallest or the greatest thing – better than it has yet been done, and so make their own contribution to the great fund of general good. Only so can the far-reaching powers which lie in human nature, but which, like the talent, are so often wrapped in the napkin, hidden and unused, find their full scope and development; only so can our aims and ambitions be ennobled and purified; only so can the true respect for the individuality of others soften the strife of opinions, and the intolerant spirit in which we so often look upon, all that is opposed to and different from ourselves. As we recognize and respect the individuality both of ourselves and others; as we realize that the bettering of the world depends upon our individual actions and perceptions; that this bettering can only be done by ourselves, acting together in free combination; that it depends upon the efforts of countless individuals, as the rain-drops make the streams, and the streams make the rivers, that it cannot be done for us by proxy, cannot be relegated, in our present indolent fashion, to systems of machinery, or handed over to an army of autocratic officials to do for us; and as we realize that we shall have failed in our part, have lived almost in vain, if in some direction, in some department of thought or action – whatever it may be – we have not individually striven to make the better take the place of the good; life will become for all of us a better and nobler thing, with more definite aims, and greater incentives to useful action. The work that we do will react on ourselves; and we shall react on the work. Each victory gained, each new thing well done will advance with bolder, swifter strides, invading in turn every highway and by-way of life. But this healthy reaction cannot be as long as we live under the depressing and dispiriting influence of the great machines that take the work out of our hands, and encourage in us all a sense of personal uselessness. The appeal must be straight and direct to the individuals, to their own self-direction, their own self-sacrifice, to their own efforts in free unregulated combinations, their own willing gifts and services.” – Quoted from: HUTCHINSON HARRIS. S., The Doctrine of Personal Right, Barcelona, 1935, pages 208-210. - DIFFERENCE, HERBERT SPENCER, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM

PROGRESS: progress is difference. Therefore, if you desire progress, you must not make it difficult for men to think and act differently; you must not dull their senses with routine or stamp their imagination with the official pattern of some great department.” – Auberon Herbert, Essay Two in Mack edition, p.68, referring to Herbert Spencer’s three words. – PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

PROGRESS: Progress is difference.” – Herbert Spencer, stressed in e.g. H. B. Adams, The Education of Henry Adams. Also by Auberon Herbert, Essay Two in Mack edition, p.68. – DIFFERENCE

PROGRESS: Progress is difference.” – Herbert Spencer. Those three words always seem to me a very fine example of the dynamite which it is worthwhile carrying in your coat pocket and chucking about in the midst of society.” – Auberon Herbert, The Ethics of Dynamite, in Mack edition of Auberon Herbert’s work, p. 208/9. – Among my favourite sayings are e.g. “Laissez nous faire!” and the remark by Bastiat: “Society is exchange!” “Exterritorial autonomy for volunteers!”, “Individual Secessionism”, “Consumer Sovereignty”, “Individual Sovereignty”. “Privatize Governments”. “Nobody for President!” - “Individual rights rather than laws!” - Many other very short libertarian slogans could and should be put together to promote individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 16.2.08, 21.1.14. – SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY, VERY SHORT ONES

PROGRESS: Progress is never made by those who merely follow the crowd, but by those who dare to show the crowd a better way.” – THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC. - Not only audacity but also freedom is required for this. So far many rightful and rational as well as important reforms are still territorially outlawed. - JZ, 15.2.11. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR SELF-LIBERATION & TO SET BETTER EXAMPLES FOR OTHERS TO FOLLOW ONCE THEY ARE CONVINCED BY THEM VS. TERRITORIALISM, ITS COMPULSION, COLLECTIVISM & MONOPOLISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PROGRESS: Progress is not inevitable.” – Edward E. Coleson, THE FREEMAN, 10/73. - Territorial laws see to that. - JZ, 15.2.11. - TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: Progress is nothing but the victory of laughter over a dogma.” – Decasseres, in my tr. from the German version: “Fortschritt ist nichts als der Sieg des Lachens ueber ein Dogma.” – As if hard thinking, hard labour and many experiments as well as knowledge of precedents and history and science were quite superfluous. But laughter can, indeed, be a powerful weapon for progress, if it is not wasted on trivial things. – JZ, 23.2.08. - Individual and group secessionism as well as exterritorial autonomy may also be required for it. - JZ, 15.2.11. - LAUGHTER, HUMOR, RIDICULE, SATIRE, JOKES, DOGMATISM, PANARCHISM, IRONY

PROGRESS: Progress is nothing but the victory of laughter over a dogma.” – Decasseres, in my tr. from the German version: “Fortschritt ist nichts als der Sieg des Lachens ueber ein Dogma.” – As if hard thinking, hard labour and many experiments as well as knowledge of precedents and history and science were quite superfluous. But laughter can, indeed, be a powerful weapon for progress, if it is not wasted on trivial things. – JZ, 23.2.08. - Individual and group secessionism as well as exterritorial autonomy may also be required for it. - JZ, 15.2.11. - LAUGHTER, HUMOR, RIDICULE, SATIRE, JOKES, DOGMATISM, PANARCHISM, IRONY

PROGRESS: Progress is the realization of utopias.” – Oscar Wilde – “Fortschritt ist die Verwirklichung von Utopien.” – I would rather say: … of ever better utopias – but always only for those, who do like them for themselves. – JZ, 29.3.94, 18.2.08. – UTOPIAS, PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, META-UTOPIA: XYZ DIFFERENT UTOPIAS IN PARALLEL FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS IN EVERY COUNTRY OR EVEN INTERNATIONALLY & WORD-WIDE!

PROGRESS: progress on its political side means more than anything else the substitution of Justice as a governing idea, instead of Privilege, and that the best guaranty for justice in public dealings is the (voluntary! - JZ) participation in their own (exterritorially autonomous! – JZ) government of the people most likely to suffer from injustice. …” - John Morley, On Compromise, p.126. – Alas, J. M. was not a clear advocate of panarchism, voluntarism, personal law and exterritorial autonomy, beginning with individual sovereignty and individual secessionism. But then everything good comes only rarely, if ever, together in any book, not even in a cook-book. – JZ, 30.3.08, 20.1.14. – GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT INSTEAD OF THE COERCIVE, COLLECTIVISTIC MONOPOLISTIC TERRITORIAL FARCE OF IT, EVEN IN THE BEST DEMOCRACIES.

PROGRESS: Progress should never be made entirely dependent upon majority opinion, expressed in popular laws. Dissenting individuals and groups should become free to go ahead in accordance with their own convictions, beliefs, plans and aims, provided they can do so within their individual rights and liberties and only at their own risk and expense. – JZ, 20.11.93, 15.2.08. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM VS. STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, MAJORITY DESPOTISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

PROGRESS: Progress stems not from the ‘popular front’ but from the lonely seeker and seer.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? Also from some of the dissenting minorities. All should be free to do their own things, while, naturally, leaving others alone to do theirs. - JZ, 15.2.11. – “To each his own.” – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SECESSINISM, PERSONAL LAW CHOICES FOR INDIVIDUALS, VOLUNTARISM, DOING THE OWN THINGS WHILE TOLERATING THE THINGS OTHERS DO AMONG THEMSELVES

PROGRESS: Progress through self-responsibility.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p. 207. – But did Bastiat and Roche III clearly envision individual sovereignty and exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers or panarchism or polyarchism? – JZ, 13.3.08. – SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, COMPETITION, CONTRACT & EXCHANGE IN EVERY SPHERE

PROGRESS: Progress will know no bounds – once each is set free to follow his own dreams – at the own expense and risk. – JZ, 18.10.99. - PANARCHISM

PROGRESS: Progress, change and development takes time and more or less time for different people and their voluntary groupings: "We know how long it takes before a species of plant or animal disappears in face of a better adapted species. Ideas and customs, beliefs and institutions, have always lingered just as long in face of their successors, and the competition is not less keen nor less prolonged, because it is for one or other inevitably destined to be hopeless." - John Morley, "On Compromise", p.235. - Territorial monopolization of change and its enforcement upon dissenters, or the forceful preservation of the status quo, make progress slow or even stop or become reversed. Thus all self-concerned actions should become voluntary actions. Only then will all-over progress proceed as rapidly as possible and with the least costs. - JZ 12.6.92, 7.1.93. - CHANGE & DEVELOPMENT, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, COMPETITION IN EVERY SPHERE, META-UTOPIA, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PROGRESS: Progress, stagnation or regression – to each his own choices in the own sphere, no longer respecting any territorial monopoly claims by anyone, not even by any “limited” government! – JZ, 15.4.92, 21.1.14. – PANARCHY, POLYARCHY

PROGRESS: Progressive taxation and progressive inflation are progressing crimes, on a huge scale. – JZ, 6.4.79, 12.3.08. -  Only when confined to their voluntary victims should they ever be tolerated. - Inflation and taxation are vast crimes against numerous involuntary victims in all territorial populations. - JZ, 21.1.14.

PROGRESS: Real progress occurs when some one person discovers a truth, and, without waiting for others, acts upon it. As others see it happening, they too practise it. In time, the bulk of belief swings in the direction of that truth.” – LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Winter 74. – As long as territorialism does not prevent it. People must become free to secede from every form of it. – JZ, 12.3.08, 21.1.14. - FREE CHOICE, INDIVIDUALISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

PROGRESS: Second, if, indeed, humanity is making any “progress” at all, then it has come, and always comes, at great expense. (*) Progress is a Faustian bargain, and not always a good one. (**) For every step “forward”, there is at least one step sideways and sometimes one or two back. To “get” progress, we must “unget” something of value. (***) One of the most poignant expressions of this idea is found in Inherit the Wind, as Henry Drummond speaks to the jury: …” - Neal Postman, Crazy Talk, Stupid Talk, p.110. - Since people have different notions of progress, general progress will advance fastest when each is free to follow his own notions of progress. - Panarchism would make that possible. – JZ, 2.7.92. - (*) Only if a particular “progress” is coercively applied to a whole territory and all its inhabitants! Confined to volunteers only, their number can be rather small and if their "progress" turns out to be really a failure, their numbers might remain small and even shrink to zero and their total waste of time, energy and funds could thus be minimized. – It would never reach country- or “nation”-wide proportions. Nor would its failures last as long as they can under territorialism and its monopolistic coercion. - (**) Who is to decide about that?: Only voluntary participants! - (***) That should be the worry only of the voluntary experimenters, who could start on a small scale, learn from their experiments and thus limit their losses. - JZ, 19.2.08, 21.1.14. – PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL CHOICES, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

PROGRESS: Self-preservation and self-development are common aspirations among all people. And if everyone enjoyed the unrestricted use of his faculties and the free disposition of the fruits of his labor, social progress would become ceaseless, uninterrupted, and unfailing.” – Bastiat, in Dean Russell, Bastiat, p.4.

PROGRESS: Since self-preservation and self-development are conditions to which all men naturally aspire, the greater the freedom allowed men in the exercise of their faculties, the greater the progress of society as a whole.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.206. – Alas, even men like Bastiat and Roche III do usually want to limit our options to what they consider to be “limited” but what are still “territorial monopoly” governments. – JZ, 13.3.08. – FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHY, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, POLYARCHY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

PROGRESS: Societies progress through their least contented members.” – Alex Comfort, Authority and Delinquency, p.42. - Full exterritorial autonomy for all kinds of dissenters regarding their own affairs. - JZ, 15.2.11. - CONTENTMENT, DISSENTERS, NONCONFORMISTS, SOCIETY, TOLERANCE FOR THE ACTIONS OF ALL TOLERANT PEOPLE, FREEDOM OF ACTION FOR ALL

PROGRESS: Sometimes, if you can even move backwards, that’s progress.” – Christopher Anvil, in ANALOG, 4/68. – SECESSIONISM, REVERSING “PROGRESSIVE” REFORMS OF STATE SOCIALISM & TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: T.T.T. - Put up in a place where it’s easy to see the cryptic admonishment T.T.T. – When you feel how depressingly slowly you climb, it’s well to remember that Things Take Time. – Piet Hein, in A Sampling of Grooks, in READER’S DIGEST, 4/67 - To each the own timing and steps for all the progress that they desire for themselves. - It is quite wrong, irrational, harmful and even ridiculous to make it dependent upon the decisions of territorial politicians and bureaucrats. - JZ, 15.2.11. - Compare: “Good things take time.” - SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAWS, TIME, PATIENCE, SUCCESS

PROGRESS: That reformation followed the course of a gradual emancipation of the members of the family, except those under age, from the despotic authority of the father. This gradual substitution of the Individual for the Family was effected in a variety of ways, but in none more conspicuously than by the development of the idea of contract, i.e. of the capacity of the individual to enter into independent agreements with strangers to his family-group by which he was legally bound – an historical process which Maine sums up in his famous aphorism that the movement of progressive societies has hitherto been a movement from Status to Contract.” – J. H. Morgan, in introduction to H. H. S. Maine, Ancient Law. - FAMILY, CONTRACT, STATUS, ORIGINAL COMMUNISM, TRIBALISM, LAWS, INDIVIDUALISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, INDEPENDENCE, SELF-GOVERNANCE, SELF-DETERMINATION VS. PATRIARCHY & MATRIARCHY, TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: The abolition of the (*) State is, we say, the task imposed upon the revolutionist - upon him, at least, who has the boldness of thought without which no revolution can be made. In this task he is opposed by all the traditions of the middle class. (**) But he has with him the whole evolution of humanity, which imposes upon us at the historic moment the job of freeing ourselves from a form of association perhaps made necessary by ignorance in times past but ultimately hostile to all further progress.” – Peter Kropotkin, Revolutionary Studies, 1892. - I hold that this “form of associations” is the coercively collectivistic and territorial monopoly State, not any of its opposites, created and maintained by volunteers for themselves, none of them claiming any territorial monopoly for their societies or self-governments. – Panarchism could also be peacefully introduced, as a reform, via individual secessionism and the personal law and exterritorial autonomy option. - It could even be used to end and prevent wars, civil wars and terrorism. - Too many anarchists are obsessed by collectivistic or mass-support revolutions, while neglecting the possibilities of “one man revolutions”. - (*) territorial! - (**) The tolerant revolutionary or reformer would leave the middle class or any other group to its own decisions. - JZ, 13.3.08. - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, in his work on the French Revolution, recognized that each revolutionary step is an act of individual or group secessionism. But he did not clearly enough state that each territorial step of any of the revolutionaries amounts to wrongful counter-revolution. - Only the territorial State needs to be abolished. Then each individual and all groups of volunteers can freely engage in their own and quite peaceful, i.e. non-violent revolutions, always under full exterritorial autonomy or personal law. - JZ, 15.2.11, 20.1.14. - ANARCHISM, STATE, REVOLUTION, SECESSIONISM & VOLUNTARY VS. COMPULSORY ASSOCIANIONISM, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUALISTIC OR VOLUNTARY VS. COLLECTIVIST & COMPULSORY “SOCIAL CONTRACTS”, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, CONTRACTARIANISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, FULL CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

PROGRESS: The best road to progress is freedom’s road.” - John F. Kennedy. – message to Congress, March 14, 1961. - Unfortunately, he, his party, his office, his territorial organization, were and are major obstacles to progress through full freedom. – JZ, 13.3.08. - And on this road he and the presidential office, which he occupied for a while, were among the biggest obstacles. Under him the nuclear arsenal of the USA was doubled! He was not an advocate of complete political, economic and social freedom but of territorialism, with all its wrongs and irrationalities and anti-economics, coercion and monopolism. – In other words: He did not know and appreciate the freedom road, either. - He only pretended that he did and that he really advocated it and went along it. - JZ, 30.3.08. - FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, JFK

PROGRESS: The great thing in this world is not so much where we are, but in the direction we are moving.” - Oliver Wendell Holmes - Another version, as quoted in ANALOG, 7/89, p.69: “The great thing in the world is not so much where we stand, as in what direction we are moving.” - Also, whether we are quite free to move in the self-chosen direction - and allow others to do the same. - JZ, 15.2.11. - AIMS, PURPOSE, IDEALS, DIRECTION, ENLIGHTENMENT, POINTS OF VIEW, IDEAS, SELF-DEVELOPMENT, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA

PROGRESS: The guiding principle, that a policy of freedom for the individual is the only true progressive policy, remains as true today as it was in the nineteenth century.” – F. A. Hayek, The Road to Serfdom. - He should have expressly stated that this would require full exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers to practise their own systems among themselves. As a territorialist of the limited government type he failed to do so. - JZ, 15.2.11. – FREEDOM, CONSUMER- & PRODUCER SOVEREIGNTY, GUIDED BY SUPPLY & DEMAND, IN FREE MARKETS, UNDER FREE PRICING, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT & FREE EXPERIMENTATION, I.E. VOLUNTARISM, CONTRACTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROGRESS: The invention of agriculture led to the founding of settled communities and gave man the leisure and social intercourse without which progress is impossible.” - Arthur C. Clarke, Greetings, Carbon-Based Bipeds! Harper/Collins, 2000, p.33. - & SOCIAL INTERCOURSE, AGRICULTURE

PROGRESS: The liberty of the individual is a necessary postulate of human progress.” – Ernest Renan - That of dissenting minorities, too. - JZ, 15.2.11.

PROGRESS: The main fuel to speed the world's progress is our stock of knowledge, and the brake is our lack of imagination.” - Julian Simon. – Elsewhere he stressed that both tend to be increased with the population. – JZ, 10.3.09. - IMAGINATION, KNOWLEDGE

PROGRESS: The mainspring of human progress is freedom, not state force.” – Duncan Yuille, in leaflet on Public Education. – Without territorialism the State’s force would be confined to its remaining volunteers. They would deserve it - until their own experience has finally enlightened them and they, too, would secede from the remaining rump-State. - JZ, 15.2.11, 20.1.14. - FORCE, FREEDOM, TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PROGRESS: The mainspring of human progress is freedom.” – Henry Grady Weaver. - Including that of personal law or exterritorial autonomy, following individual or group secessionism. - JZ, 15.2.11.

PROGRESS: The present day adherents of those fundamental principles enunciated by our political forebears are enthusiastic proponents of progress. They favor change; but they want to see it come about as the result of the progress of the individual (*) in all fields of human endeavor. They believe that if such change is to be for the better, it must be accomplished without the obstructive hand of government intervention, in our personal and social affairs.” – Ben Moreell, Log I, p.121. - (*) And of societies and communities of volunteers! - JZ, 15.2.11. - GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONISM, OBSTRUCTIONISM, STATISM, LAWS, CHANGE, TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: The progress of freedom depends more upon the maintenance of peace, the spread of trade, and the diffusion of education, than upon the labors of cabinets and foreign offices. – Richard Cobden, Laissez Faire Capitalism Young Americans for Liberty, - Facebook, 14.10.13. - PEACE, TRADE, EDUCATION, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

PROGRESS: The progress of the superior man is upward, the progress of the ordinary man is downward. – The Wisdom of Confucius, Analects, bk. xiv, v.xxiv. - Let each go his own way, at his own expense and risk! Then the greatest number of people will learn from the contrasts thus produced. - JZ, 12.3.08. - PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, META-UTOPIA, POLYARCHISM

PROGRESS: The reason why the race of man moves slowly is because it must move all together.” – Thomas B. Reed, Speech in Waterville, Maine, July 30, 1885. – This is one of the most harmful errors and prejudices, namely that of territorialism, here even extended world-wide. People only imagine that they must all move together, uniformly and territorially, legally, with government support. – In reality all progress comes from individuals and small groups and minorities free enough to do their own things, their own progressive steps, quite unhindered but, naturally, only at their own risk and expense. When each individual is free to advance at his own speed then the speed of the progress in the whole world is as much accelerated as it can be. No one should be forced into undertaking any progressive step – but also no one should be prevented from undertaking it. – JZ, 9.7.86, 30.3.08, 15.2.11. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, PROGRESS IN ACTION & ENLIGHTENMENT, ALWAYS AT THE SPEED OF VOLUNTEERS ONLY

PROGRESS: The speed of travel has increased a hundredfold; known energy resources, a thousandfold; weaponry, a millionfold (*); data processing, a millionfold; and the speed of communications, ten millionfold in this century and all are still increasing. - J. R. Platt of the University of Michigan, the man who made these calculations, has this comment on their import ( impact or importance? – JZ ): “None of our social organizations is prepared to deal with change on such a scale. … We may oscillate, or we may destroy ourselves, or we may reach a high-level steady state.” – In other words, 2001 and Flash Gordon are more attuned to emerging fact than the most soberly intelligent social scientist in the college of your choice. (**) “We are living in science fiction”, as poet Allen Ginsberg said years ago. – Robert Anton Wilson, Right Where You Are Sitting Now, p.170. - (*) ??? - JZ, 30.3.08. – Mass-murderous weapons are no longer weapons that can be used against a real enemy rather than, mostly, an innocent population of subjects, victims of the real enemy. – JZ, 20.3.09. - (**) Because most of the “socials scientists” are still adherents of coercive, monopolistic, collectivistic, centralistic and atavistic territorialism rather than the experimental freedom made possible through exterritorial autonomy and personal laws for communities and societies of volunteers: Panarchies or Polyarchies. – JZ, 30.3.08. – NWT, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, META-UTOPIA

PROGRESS: The theory of progress through robbery is still held in esteem.” – Bastiat, Economic Sophisms, p.196. – TAXATION, PROTECTIONISM, TRIBUTE LEVIES

PROGRESS: The trouble with progress is that it can progress in any direction.” – W. A. Ireland, SATURDAY EVENING POST, 26.4.52.

PROGRESS: The uniform, constant, and uninterrupted effort of every man to better his condition (*), the principle from which public and national, as well as private opulence is originally derived, is frequently powerful enough to maintain the natural progress of things towards improvement, in spite of both the extravagance of government and of the greatest errors of administration.” – Adam Smith. - (*) Well, sometimes he has to sleep, too, or otherwise relax. – JZ, 21.2.08. - Assuming that he has sufficient freedom of action or experimental freedom, which is in many important spheres denied to him by numerous wrongful and irrational territorial laws. He should always have the choice among all kinds of personal law systems, i.e. exterritorial autonomy, together with like-minded other volunteers. Only then should we expect, in the average, rapid progress in all spheres while each group could then advance at its own speed, some even at top speed, setting encouraging examples to all others. It would not only include e.g. unilateral Free Trade but also voluntary taxation and monetary freedom options. As it is, we are forced to advance only at the "speed" of politicians and bureaucrats or held up by them for decades to centuries in most important spheres or even forced by them back into barbarism. (Tyrannies, totalitarianism.) - JZ, 16.2.11. - SELF-INTEREST, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: There has been a lot of progress during my lifetime, but I’m afraid it’s heading in the wrong direction.” – O. Nash, Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, p.2. – At least still all too much of it is. – JZ, 10.9.07. - "Nuclear giants and ethical infants." – General Omar Bradley. – STATISM, ETHICS, MORALITY, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTY, NUCLEAR “STRENGTH” & “WEAPONS”

PROGRESS: There is also a dark side to progress." - There was so far all too little progress away from territorial governments, their oppressions, exploitations and wars, from monetary despotism, its inflations, deflations, crises, mass unemployment and bankruptcies and poverty, none from centralized decision-making, none from governmental "defence", none from the production of mass murder devices, and from State controlled mis-education. - JZ, 7.4.01, 31.1.02, 21.1.14. – TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: there is no royal road to progress save that of reason and honest dealing. – T. G. Masaryk, quoted in C. Bingham, Men and Affairs, p.45. – Reason and honesty are not enough when territorialism gets in their way and restricts experimental freedom among volunteers in all spheres that territorialism has monopolized for itself. – JZ 12.3.08.

PROGRESS: There is only one progress, namely the sharpening of the conscience.” – Niederreuther (“Es gibt nur einen Fortschritt: die Schaerfung des Gewissens.”) – Even when thinking and conscience or moral sense are sharpened, this does not yet lead, automatically to a positive change in ideas, opinions, actions, laws and institutions. Thoughts were always relatively free, even among slaves and serfs. But they did not automatically lead them to their liberation. – This saying is no more enlightening than: “All it takes is love!” or: “Think!” or: “The government should do something!” – There are many people around with an active conscience. But have they prevented war as yet? Or have they at least produced, between them, an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties? At least that limited freedom of action, consisting of freedom of expression, does already widely exist. But is it sufficiently utilized? – Did any conscientious objectors prevent any war as yet? Did any of them destroy any nuclear mass murder device as yet? - JZ, 23.2.08, 21.1.14. – Is conscience really more effective than prayer? It may only be a better starting point – but isn’t acted upon or not often enough. – JZ, 0.4.08, 21.1.14. - All too often people try to reduce their advice or wisdom to single words or sentences, which are quite insufficient guides: Go straight! Stand up! Be honest! Act like a man. Etc. How useful are these as guides to human behaviour? They would not think of reducing e.g. a car maintenance manual to a single word or sentence. But on the numerous diverse affairs of human beings they seem to "think" that this - or hundreds of thousands of "positive" laws could be good enough guides, while they shy away from finally compiling an ideal declaration of genuine individual rights and liberties. - There is some but not enough wisdom in proverbial wisdom or popular slogans and, usually, no more truths than exist in any religious dogma. - JZ, 16.2.11. – CONSCIENCE, SATISFACTION WITH MERE SLOGANS INSTEAD OR REALISTIC PROGRAMS FOR RIGHTFUL ACTIONS

PROGRESS: they are squandering natural capital in pursuit of ‘progress”. – Appreciation to Aldous Huxley, Brave New World, p.431. – Thereby they are stopping or reversing genuine progress. – JZ, 10/78. - STATISM, LEFTISM, STATE SOCIALISM, PLANNING, CENTRALIZATION, INTERVENTIONIM, TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: thinking and acting for others, has always hindered, not helped, the real progress.” – Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.260. (Probably in Mack edition of the essays of A. H.) - REPRESENTATION, GOVERNMENT, LAWS, BUREAUCRACY, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: Those who speak most of progress measure it by quantity and not in quality.” – George Santayana. – Each panarchy or polyarchy should be free to measure its own progress by its own standards and so should all their outside observers and possible imitators and other pioneering efforts. – A completely free and self-responsible market for all supposedly progressive steps. No supposed “progress” to be forced upon any potential sovereign consumer of it by “positive” legislation or through direct coercion. - JZ, 30.3.08, 16.2.11, 21.1.14. – SUCCESS, PANARCHISM

PROGRESS: Thus government shows itself as the great reactionary tendency. The Anarchist, on the other hand, would break down this and would allow always for the development of new ideas, new growth, and new institutions; so that society would be responsive always to the influence of its really greatest people, and to the surrounding influences, whatever they may be.” – George Barrett, THE MATCH, July/Aug. 75. - If only they had shown the same kind of tolerance also towards tolerant statists, doing their own things under personal laws, then they might already have got somewhere. Alas, territorially they think and behave as intolerantly as do the statists. To that extent the various anarchists are part of the problem, too. Also with their endless infighting - in which all too many anarchist sects act intolerantly towards other anarchist sects, e.g. the frequent intolerance between the anarcho-capitalists and the anarchist communists. - JZ, 16.2.11. – To many of them their secondary values tend to become primary ones, e.g. their notions of equality. – JZ, 21.1.14. - IDEAS, REACTIONARIES, CONSERVATISM, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, LAWS, ANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, CONSTITUTIONS, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, IDEAS, ANARCHIST SPECTRUM

PROGRESS: tied hand and foot to a short-sighted government, how much progress will we be able to make?” – Winston S. Sanders, Industrial Revolution, in ANALOG 9/63, p.33. – Everyone should be tied only to the government or society that he has chosen for himself and only as long as he can stand it. Then we would see some real progress coming fast, even in the social sciences. – JZ, 12.3.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, TOLERANCE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAWS

PROGRESS: To make almost all progress dependent upon the follies, prejudices, errors, intelligence, dumbness, lack of interest or presence of rational self-interest of territorial politicians, their laws and institutions, or those of the majority of voters, who, temporarily, support them, is the height of folly. – JZ, 30.7.96, 16.2.11. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TOLERANCE FOR TOLERANT EXPERIMENTS, FREEDOM OF ACTION, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, MINORITY AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAWS, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, DEMOCRACY, POLITICS, VOTING, POLITICIANS, ENLIGHTENMENT, MAJORITY DESPOTISM

PROGRESS: To require the approval of recognized experts or by the majority, through the territorial political process, is the height of folly. Both are the natural enemies or are at best inert obstacles to all innovations not already advocated by themselves. This does not only apply to technological advances but particularly to genuine economic, political and social progress. – Thus let us have freedom for tolerant experiments in the political, economic and social spheres – as the best means to maximize progress there, too. – JZ, n.d. & 12.3.08, 21.1.14. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TOLERANCE FOR TOLERANT ACTIONS, INNOVATIONS, REFORMS, EXPERTS, PROFESSIONALS

PROGRESS: Under natural order false assumptions meet their deserts, and there is room for future ones to prevail. No man can know for certain in advance which will prove true in practice and which false in a future environment, and it is here that the survival of the fittest is beneficent.” - S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.385. - Failed panarchies will not survive but their members will - as members of other and successful panarchies, which they choose for themselves after their failures with an all too flawed panarchy. - Survival of the fittest: under freedom the unfit simply tend to fade or wither away. They do not have to be destroyed or killed. Their former supporters simply defect or opt out from them. - JZ, 4.7.92, 21.1.14.

PROGRESS: We do not believe that we possess absolute truth; on the contrary, we believe that social truth is not a fixed quantity, good for all times, universally applicable, or determinable in advance, but that, instead, once freedom has been secured, mankind will go forward discovering and acting, gradually, with the least number of upheavals and with a minimum of friction. Thus our solutions always leave the door open to different and, one hopes, better solutions.” – Errico Malatesta, Umanita Nova, Sept. 16, 1921. – Mankind will only go ahead, fast and rightfully enough, once individuals and volunteers are free to get ahead of its average, exterritorially. Mankind should progress in the same way as nature advances the diverse species: By individual mutations that are successful and thus spread. Most mutations are not successful but they are part of this successful natural development process. Experimental freedom for human beings, their rules and institutions. It should not be confined to politicians and bureaucrats. They are, mostly, only misleaders and power addicts, full of false or flawed ideas and committed to wrongful actions. Territorial legislation and institutions interfere with mankind's natural development process, proceeding one by one. - We should allow political, economic and social "mutations" to occur, in individuals, societies and communities of volunteers. - JZ, 16.2.11. - TRUTH, INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MORE TO BE DISCOVERED & RECOGNIZED STILL, PERSONAL LAW, MUTATIONS ANALOGY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, META-UTOPIA, NET-ARCHY

PROGRESS: We know how long it takes before a species of plant or animal disappears in face of a better adapted species. Ideas and customs, beliefs and institutions, have always lingered just as long in face of their successors, and the competition is not less keen nor less prolonged, because it is for one or other inevitably destined to be hopeless.” – John Morley, On Compromise, p.235. – The territorial monopolization of change and the enforcement of the old system upon dissenters do make progress even slower and for periods may stop it altogether. – JZ, 12.6.93. - For me it was a significant example when I read that it took about 100 years even merely for the hand-manufacture of nails to be completely phased out by machine-manufactured nails. What a waste of human energy, for a hundred years! – JZ, 20.3.08. - Let all reformers and revolutionaries advance, if they can, at their own speed, in their own affairs, at the own risk and cost. - Sure, many of them will not set attractive examples with their experiments. But some of them will and their examples will, under freedom, be widely copied. - - JZ, 16.2.11. - CHANGE, REFORMS, REVOLUTIONS, INDIVIDUAL BY INDIVDIUAL, VOLUNTEER BY VOLUNTEER, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM UNDER PERSONAL LAW, ADAPTATION, DEVELOPMENT, IMPROVEMENTS VS. TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: We should measure progress not by how many laws can be passed, but by how little governing people need." - Jeff Chan, on Libernet. – Who says, they really need any and could really prove this? – JZ, 9.12.08. – Nevertheless, for themselves all should be free to choose as much or as little government as they like or no territorial government at all! – JZ, 10.3.09. - & LAW, LEGISLATION, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PERSONAL LAW, SELF-GOVERNANCE, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-DETERMINATION, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE

PROGRESS: What had come to be called progress in his day was to Rousseau no more than a refinement of the techniques by which the many were subjected to the corrupt control of a few. As he saw it, no amount of material productivity or cultural excellence would improve the conditions of man’s happiness or free him from moral depravity. … - “Against the Grain”, an anthology, p.60. (*) - Not under territorialism, anyhow. But once all individuals and their small to large groups are free to choose another political, economic or social system for themselves, as sovereign consumers and entrepreneurs, always at the own risk and expense, then we should expect rapid progress in all spheres which so far suffered under territorial coercion, monopolism and collectivism. - It was not only religious intolerance, slavery and serfdom that was and is retarding the development of man but territorial rule, even in its best forms of democracy or republicanism. - Territorial democracy is, obviously, not an ideal form for diverse groups to live together, neither in Iraq, Afghanistan and Iran nor anywhere else. Only among its voluntary victims, i.e., exterritorially, can it work, to some extent, even without being optimal. In its territorial form it is far from being a quite rightful and thus attractive enough war and peace aim, one that could prevent or end wars. - Panarchism would offer an attractive aim to almost every of the many diverse groups, except habitual criminals, power-mongers and aggressors. - Under panarchism their numerous and diverse victims could become sufficiently allied to effectively resist these relatively few. – (*) Sorry, I omitted editor & publisher. - JZ, 16.2.11. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, LAWS, GOVERNMENT, REPRESENTATION, DEMOCRACY, REPUBLICANISM

PROGRESS: What is wanted is not the will to believe but the wish to find out, which is the exact opposite.” – Bertrand Russell, quoted in L. J. Peter, The Peter Plan, p.81. - BELIEF, FAITH, RELIGION, STATISM

PROGRESS: What progress we are making. In the Middle Ages they would have burned me. Now they are content with burning my books.” - Sigmund Freud – Did he have much to teach on how to cope with vandals, barbarians, fanatics, fundamentalists and totalitarians? – JZ, 8.8.08. - BOOK BURNINGS.

PROGRESS: What we call progress is the replacement of one abuse by another.” – Henry Havelock Ellis. – Tr. by me from the German version: “Was wir Fortschritt nennen, ist der Tausch eines Miβstandes gegen einen anderen.” – This applies certainly much more to the “social sciences”, under territorialism, than to technology and natural sciences, which are free to advance exterritorially, via experimental freedom for volunteers. – JZ, 28.4.09, 21.1.14. – JOKES, TERRITORIALISM

PROGRESS: When he [Herbert Spencer] wrote “progress is difference”, he wrote the doom of many pretentious state undertakings, whether systems of religion, education, trade, poor relief, insurance, or any other member of the same unprosperous family. In those three simple words, a revolution, mental and material, lay enfolded; and it would be hard, I suspect, to place by their side any other three words in our language that have ever been so charged with deadly force, as regards the human institutions into the midst of which they have been flung. Those three worlds always seem to me a very fine example of the dynamite which it is worthwhile carrying in your coat pocket and chucking about in the midst of society.” – Auberon Herbert, The Ethics of Dynamite, in Mack edition, essay five, p.208/9. – BOMB THROWING, DYNAMITE, SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY, CHOICE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, SECESSIONISM, TOLERANCE FOR DIVERSITY

PROGRESS: When, therefore, we want progress, we must allow people to differ. This is the very essential difference between the Anarchists and the Governmentalists.” - George Barrett, THE MATCH, July/Aug. 75. – Alas, most of the anarchists and libertarians do also still subscribe to territorialism, without knowing or appreciating the exterritorial and voluntary alternatives to it. - JZ, 16.2.11. - ANARCHISM, ANARCHIST SPECTRUM, GOVERNMENTALISM, DIVERSITY, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALITY, COMPULSORY MEMBERSHIP & SUBORDINATION VS. VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, CHOICE

PROGRESS: While men are still pondering the causes of the rise and fall of civilization, every page of history cries to us that there is but one source of progress: Individual Man in individual action. (*) Collectivism is the ancient principle of savagery. A savage’s whole existence is public, ruled by the laws of his tribe. Civilization is the process of setting man free from men.” (**) - Ayn Rand, The Only Path to Tomorrow, in: “The Ayn Rand Column”, revised edition, 1998, p.116, Second Renaissance Books, New Milford, Connecticut, - - (*) Plus the actions of their voluntary associations, temporary or lasting ones! - - (**) And from man-made territorial laws! – The personal laws of a community of volunteers, that he has freely chosen for himself, do not wrongfully infringe those of his rights and liberties that for the time being and at his state of enlightenment, he does not wish to fully practise. That does not necessarily turn him into a primitive, savage or barbarian. – We all go through developmental stages, physical and mental ones. – Not all reach the pinnacle of their potential as human beings or want to reach it by their own efforts. - JZ, 27.7.03. – The READER'S DIGEST, January 1944 edition just added “upon” after “pondering”. – JZ - MAN, INDIVIDUALISM, DEVELOPMENT, COLLECTIVISM, VOLUNTARISM, CIVILIZATION, FREEDOM, FREEDOM, CHOICE, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW VS. IMPOSED LAWS, RULE BY MEN BY TERRITORIAL MISLEADERS, POLITICIANS, PRESIDENTS, POWER-ADDICTS, LEADERSHIP

PROGRESS: William Graham Sumner … In his book “Social Darwinism”, he maintained that progress could only come when individuals were free to compete on the open market. – LIBERTARIAN HANDBOOK 1973. – Alas, he seems to have only the limited laissez-faire of economics in mind, not laissez-faire competition for whole economic, political and social systems, freely chosen by individuals for themselves. - JZ, 16.2.11. - COMPETITION, FREE MARKET, CHOICE, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS, SECESSIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, ASSOIATIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PROGRESS: William Graham Sumner, a Yale economist, was probably the most respected libertarian thinker of his time. In his book Social Darwinism, he maintained that progress could only come when individuals were free to compete on the open market.” – Libertarian Handbook 1973 – Too many libertarians think only of the open market for ordinary consumer goods and services and hold that an open market would not be necessary, possible or rightful and desirable for whole economic, political and social systems and sovereign consumers and entrepreneurs on this market. – JZ, 13.3.08, 20.1.14. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, COMPETITION, SOCIAL DARWINISM, FREE MARKET

PROGRESS: With a complimentary reference to Vico as a pioneer philosopher of history, Mill declares that progress comes not from environment but through mind. Ideas ultimately determine progress. (*) The expanding, shared, knowledge of the elites is the key to advance.” (**) - John Bowle, Politics and Opinion in the 19th Century, p.199. - (*) On the other hand, the false ideas, opinions and prejudices – are also all too influential, resulting in stagnation, oppression and regress. (**) The genuine elites are, mostly ignored or outvoted, in most democracies, too. They must not only have freedom of expression and information but also freedom of action, freedom to experiment, together with their voluntary followers, initially, probably, in most cases, only very few people. - But for the adherents of false ideas, dogmas and prejudices there should also be freedom to experiment – at their own risk and expense. The contrast between their communities and the enlightened ones would help to speed up general progress. - JZ, 23.2.08, 21.1.14. - IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENVIRONMENT, MINDS, KNOWLEDGE, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, META-UTOPIA

PROGRESS: You can’t say civilization doesn’t advance, however, for in every war they kill you in a new way.” – Will Rogers, Autobiography, p.218. – JOKES, WAR, CIVILIZATION

PROGRESSIVE PLURALISM: Progressive pluralism – another name for panarchism? – JZ? n.d., in Pan AZ. - NAMES, TERMINOLOGY, DEFINITION

PROGRESSIVE POLICIES: Do ‘progressive policies’ mean that we make progress?” – Terry Arthur, 95 % Is Crap, p.9. – Q.

PROGRESSIVE TAXATION: Let me tell you how it will be. There’s one for you, nineteen for me. ‘Cause I’m the taxman’." – George Harrison, (From song "Taxman" on The Beatles album Revolver 1966.) - TAXATION

PROGRESSIVE TAXATION: progressive income tax is basically an institutionalized form of covetousness.” – Timothy Condon, “reason”, 9/80, p.55. – One may be envious or covetous without resorting to legalized or private robbery, tribute levies or confiscation. - JZ, 16.2.11. – Crime does not exist in the mere wrongful thought but in its action. – JZ, 21.1.14. - ENVY, EXPLOITATION, ROBBERY,

PROGRESSIVE TAXATION: Progressive taxation is a major obstacle to progress. It reduces savings and productive investments and the means it collects are largely wasted by politicians and bureaucrats or even used counter-productively. – JZ, 9.11.04, 22.10.07. - PROGRESS, DEVELOPMENT, CAPITAL GROWTH

PROGRESSIVE TAXATION: The one discernible principle of our tax system, that of “progressivity”, is inherently unjust, as it compels some to subsidize others’ use of governmental services.” – George C. Leef, THE FREEMAN, 9/78, P. 561.

PROGRESSIVE TAXATION: There is no justification in morals or in the principles of individual liberty for progressive taxation. It is the simple looting through law of the more productive by the more numerous but less productive. Its appeal is demagogic, and its result is communism, which in turn is but a transitory stage in the evolution away from liberty into dictatorship. (*) The endorsement of progressive taxation is, knowingly or unknowingly, the endorsement of communism, and sincere endorsement of progressive taxation, motivated often by generosity, is unwittingly one of the worst forces undermining individual liberty in America.” - Bradford B. Smith, Liberty and Taxes, 1947, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 9/78. - Actually, already long before the fall of most communist regimes, they did away with the progressive income tax. To that extent the supposedly free West was and still is more communistic than the communist countries were. – (*) A legislatively imposed path is no evolutionary path! - JZ, 13.3.08. - How long would progressive taxation or any other form of compulsory taxation last under voluntary taxation and voluntary membership in States, societies and communities? Under panarchism anyone could engage in a comprehensive tax strike via individual secessionism. - JZ, 16.2.11. – COMMUNISM, STATE SOCIALISM, WELFARE STATE, Q., TAXATION, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM

PROGRESSIVE TAXATION: there is no moral distinction between the act of a pickpocket and the progressive income tax.” – Leonard E. Read, in: “We never had it so good”, in THE FREEMAN, Nov. 60.

PROGRESSIVE TAXATION: Thinking to get at once all the gold the Goose could give, he killed it and opened it only to find, - nothing.” - Aesop. – The Welfare State has nothing to offer but the delusions of its victims and huge taxation and inflation bills. – JZ, 9.2.08. - Also many economic crises, deflations, stagflations, wars, faction and leadership struggles, numerous disappointments and bureaucratic and legalized but wrongful obstacles. It can be rightful only for its remaining voluntary victims. All the others should become free to secede from it and to do their own things for or to themselves under personal laws or full exterritorial autonomy. - The Welfare State, in the average, to most people, or in the average, costs much more, not least in missed opportunities, than it is worth in handouts and subsidies (at the expense of the tax victims), after the politicians and bureaucrats got their large cut. - Even in Red China there are less bureaucrats per 1000 of the population than in the supposedly much more free Western and democratic countries. - According to a figure I got some years ago, "only" 46 million among a population of 1,300 million. - The victims of the "Welfare State" should become free to opt out from under it, to look after their own welfare in their own way. - At least some of them would soon stop inflation, deflation and involuntary unemployment among themselves, by adopting corresponding economic liberties and rights and applying them rationally to their own affairs. - The Welfare State should become a voluntary insurance company for its remaining members, with no territorial power at all over any peaceful dissenters just wishing to do their own things with their on lives, labour, earnings and properties. - JZ, 16.2.11. - SHARING THE WEALTH, DISTRIBUTIONISM, STATE SOCIALISM, PROPERTY, EXPROPRIATION, GOLDEN GOOSE, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, WELFARE STATE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PROGRESSIVE TAXATION: To tax the larger incomes at a higher percentage than the smaller, is to lay a tax on industry and economy; to impose a penalty on people for having worked harder and saved more than their neighbours.” – John Stuart Mill. - Probably every tax is destructive, in balance, in spite of some attempts to provide incentive taxation to increase productivity or to impose only a "single tax" on land monopolists. If the latter removed all the benefits from economic locations, then businesses might no longer be as economically located for all their clients and customers than they were before. - JZ, 26.11.06. – Oddly enough, most of the followers of Henry George attack only the millions of private property “land monopolies” all mostly quite freely competing with each other, while ignoring the few hundred worst land monopolies, the statists and nationalistic ones of territorialism, which are much more wrong and harmful and far less peacefully competitive. But at least they do otherwise, mostly, favour laissez faire economics, free trade and free migration, if I am not mistaken. I have not seen any figures on this. – JZ, 21.1.14. - HENRY GEORGE, SINGLE TAX, “LAND MONOPOLY”, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM

PROGRESSIVISM: Study of the “Progressive Era” and its dominant figures, Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. Sees progressivism not as just a reform movement but as a collectivist, statist, imperialist movement that supported the government’s power to control and direct society.” – From a review of: Arthur Ekirch, Progressivism in America, pb, $ 4.95. - Territorialism assures anything but fast and rightful progress. - JZ, 16.2.11.

PROHIBITION: A prohibitionist is the sort of man one wouldn’t care to drink with – even if he drank.” – H. L. Mencken. – JOKES - In one form of the other, all territorialists are prohibitionists and, as such, all too often merely achieve the opposite of what they wish to achieve, as they did e.g. with the prohibition of alcoholic drinks and now with that of other drugs. - JZ, 16.2.11.

PROHIBITION: Alcohol didn’t cause the high crime rates of the ’20s and ’30s, Prohibition did. And drugs do not cause today’s alarming crime rates, but drug prohibition does.” – US District Judge James C. Paine, addressing the Federal Bar Association in Miami, November, 1991 – However, alcohol is related to many violent crimes. – I do not know what the percentage is in which it does play a significant role. - JZ, 21.1.14. - ALCOHOL & DRUG LAWS

PROHIBITION: How can you do what you want to do when the government and society have prohibited many of the things you’d like to do?” – Harry Browne, How to Found Freedom in an Unfree World, p.13. – Secede or work towards the right of individuals and groups to secede and organized exterritorially. – JZ, 13.3.08. – Q., PANARCHISM, LAWS

PROHIBITION: I’d rather that England should be free than that England should be compulsorily sober. With freedom we might in the end attain sobriety, but in the other alternative we should eventually lose both freedom and sobriety.” – W. C. Magee, Archbishop of York, Sermon at Peterborough, 1868. - However, sober people are more likely to work towards liberty. – JZ, 1.4.08.

PROHIBITION: If two men had walked down Fifth Avenue a year ago - that would have been March 1933 - and one of them had a pint of whiskey in his pocket and the other had a hundred dollars in gold coin, the one with the whiskey would have been called a criminal and the one with the gold an honest citizen. If these two men, like Rip Van Winkle, slept for a year and again walked down Fifth Avenue, the man with the whiskey would be called an honest citizen and the one with the gold coin a criminal." - Samuel Insull. – Do not forgive territorial governments – for they do not know nor do they care what they are doing to us! – JZ, 10.3.09. – PROHIBITION OF GOLD & OF ALCOHOL, THE WRONGFULNESS & ABSURDITY OF MANY LAWS, JOKES

PROHIBITION: in a just society personal harm is not a sufficient condition for prohibition.” – Walter Williams, quoted in reason, 9/81, p.18. – Provided someone inflicts it, voluntarily, upon himself. – JZ, 21.1.14. - HARM, PROTECTION, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY

PROHIBITION: In the whole of history, there’s been no government that could alter the laws of nature. When by mere legislation man can stop fruit from fermenting on its own accord after it falls to the ground, he can talks about a law of prohibition. The very word destroys its meaning. You can’t prohibit nature.” – E. Temple Thurston, Mr. Bottleby Does Something.

PROHIBITION: It is forbidden to forbid.” – Paris, 1968 poster. – It is prohibited to prohibit anything.” – my translation of a Sponti-Spezial saying, Eichborn Verlag, S. 59: “Es ist verboten etwas zu verbieten.” – JZ, n.d. - LAWS, JOKES

PROHIBITION: Laws to suppress tend to strengthen what they would prohibit.” – Frank Herbert, Chapterhouse Dune, p.131. – LAWS, PROHIBITION, DRUG WAR

PROHIBITION: legislated attempts at prohibition are doomed to failure. They are, instead, turning a mild problem into a catastrophic one.” – Robert J. Smith, Earth’s Resources: Private Ownership vs. Public Waste, p.102. – But we should not forget that some prohibitions, e.g. those of free and competitive money issues and value standards, are all too efficient and prolonged and can turn any minor economic difficulty into a major economic crisis and these are often followed by political crises, dictatorships and wars. – JZ, 13.3.08. - LAWS, LEGISLATION, INFLATION, STAGFLATION, DEFLATION, CENTRAL BANKING, MONEY ISSUE & VALUE STANDARD MONOPOLY, LEGAL TENDER, EFFICIENT & INEFFICIENT REPRESSIONS

PROHIBITION: Making prohibition work is like making water run uphill; it's against nature." — Milton Friedman – DRUG LAWS, WAR AGAINST DRUGS

PROHIBITION: Part of our political tradition is the belief that if any type of conduct proves undesirable, (*) it can be removed, or at least effectively prevented, by legal prohibition. … There is surprisingly little evidence to support this view. … - … history is full of unsuccessful attempts to repress particular forms of conduct by law. Granted a sufficient incentive, and an absence of public condemnation of the prohibited activity, severity of penalty has little to do with the outcome of such attempts. … The law is, it seems, only effective in supplementing the mores of the community in which it exists, not in forming them.” - Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, p.84, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. - (*) to whom? - JZ, 15.5.06. – LEGISLATION, LAWS, REGULATIONS

PROHIBITION: Plunder consists in prohibiting, by force or fraud, freedom of exchange, in order to receive a service without rendering one in return.” – Bastiat, Economic Sophisms, p.132. - LAWS, PENALTIES, PUNISHMENTS, PLUNDER

PROHIBITION: Prohibition goes beyond the bounds of reason in that it attempts to control a man's appetite by legislation and makes crimes out of things that are not crimes. A prohibition law strikes a blow at the very principles upon which our government was founded. – Abraham Lincoln – Other versions, all wrongfully ascribed to him: PROHIBITION: Prohibition will work great injury to the cause of temperance. It is a species of intemperance within itself, for it goes beyond the bounds of reason in that it attempts to control a man's appetite by legislation, and makes a crime out of things that are not crimes. A Prohibition law strikes a blow at the very principles upon which our government was founded.” - Abraham Lincoln, speech to Illinois House of Representatives, Dec. 18, 1840. – Statement attributed to Abraham Lincoln but not found in any of his papers or speeches. EVERY EVENING, 12 Feb. 1926 states that there are affidavits extant to the effect that Col. John B. Goodwin of Atlanta, Ga., admitted he had fabricated the statement. - Another version: Prohibition works great injury to the cause of temperance. It is a species of intemperance within itself. It does beyond the bounds of reason. It attempts to control man's appetite by legislation and makes crimes of things, which are not crimes. Prohibition laws strike a blow at the very principles upon which our government was founded.” - Another version: “Prohibition goes beyond the bounds of reason in that it attempts to control a man’s appetite by legislation and makes crimes out of things that are not crimes. A prohibition law strikes a blow at the very principles upon which our government was founded.” - Another version: “Prohibition will work great injury to the cause of Temperance. It is a species of intemperance within itself, for it attempts to control a man's appetite by legislation and makes a crime out of things that are not crimes. A prohibition law strikes at the very principles upon which our government was founded.” - Abraham Lincoln - Did Lincoln really say this? - Even if A. L. did not say it, it remains, essentially, correct. - Not who says something is decisive but what is said and its truthfulness. - JZ, 16.2.11. - ALCOHOL, DRUGS, VOLUNTARY TEMPERANCE

PROHIBITION: Prohibition only drives drunkenness behind doors and into dark places, and does not cure it or even diminish it.” – S. L. Clemens (Mark Twain): Letter from New York to the ALTA CALIFORNIAN (San Francisco), May 28, 1857.

PROHIBITION: Prohibition would be tantamount to a denial of the adulthood of one or both of the trading partners, by treating them as juveniles who did not have the sense or the right to enter into contractual relations.” – Walter Block, Defending the Undefendable, p.182.

PROHIBITION: The prestige of government has undoubtedly been lowered considerably by the prohibition law. For nothing is more destructive of respect for the government and the law of the land than passing laws which cannot be enforced. It is an open secret that the dangerous increase of crime in this country is closely connected with this." - Albert Einstein, "My First Impression of the U.S.A.", 1921 - Unfortunately, the many disappointments with numerous territorial laws and institutions have not yet led to the general rejection of territorialism. - JZ, 16.2.11. - CRIME

PROHIBITION: The prohibition law, written for weaklings and derelicts, has divided the nation, like Gaul, into three parts - wets, drys, and hypocrites.” - Florence Sabin

PROHIBITION: There are conditions relating to its [prohibition’s] enforcement which savor of a nation-wide scandal. It is the most demoralizing factor in our public life.” – Warren G. Harding, Message to Congress, 8.12.1922. - I find the territorial decision-making monopoly on war and peace, armament and disarmament, as well as international treaties, much more demoralizing and irrational, especial while we re still living under the"nuclear ambrella" of anti-people "weapons" or mass murder devices. - Should anyone be entitled to produce such "weapons", stockpile them, threaten any country's population with them and ultimately "use" them, which can only be done mass-murderously in any populated area? - JZ, 16.2.11. – Do most of the “gun controllers” advocate the confiscation and destruction of THESE “weapons” and of all facilities for their construction? – JZ, 21.1.14. - TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, GUN CONTROL LAWS

PROHIBITION: There’s always someone telling you not to do something. The main thing is just to ignore them.” – Tim Robbins. - Often "good advice", especially when it comes to obedience to the orders of legislators and bureaucrats, policemen or soldiers could lead to death, while black market (somewhat free market) transactions are required for survival. - But would libertarians, panarchists and anarchists want their valid good advice to be ignored by all? By all means, let the ignorant, stupid and prejudiced ignore such advice. But the others? - See to it that they can realize it, exterritorially, for themselves! - JZ, 26.11. 06. - WARNINGS, ADVICE & PENALTIES, PANARCHISM, IGNORING THE STATE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, BLACK MARKETS, UNDERGROUND ACTIVITIES, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, INCLUDING THE PANARCHIST OPTIONS TO MAKE THEM MUCH EASIER, TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT PEOPLE, VOLUNTARISM, FREE CHOICE FOR INDIVIDUALS OF GOVERNMENTS, SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES, SECESSIONISM

PROHIBITION: They ought to ban food as a health hazard. The mortality rate of those who have partaken of food approaches 100 %. – Dr. Ronald McDonald, Chicago, Illinois, in PHILOLOGOS, Oct. 76. – Also, more people die, possibly, an early death from over-eating than do from drinking too many alcoholic beverages. – I noticed recently de-alcoholized wines in local supermarkets and bought 4 bottles, different brands, for a taste test by the moderate drinkers in my family. They did not pass their taste tests and I had to finish them. They did not appeal to me, either, as much as grape juice does, even the cheap and merely reconstituted one. – JZ, 13.3.08. - JOKES

PROHIBITION: Those do-gooders who believe that certain actions should be prohibited because they may do harm, should pause upon the following fact: Reading is dangerous to mental health and may cause death through revolution or other disturbances – if the material read is “Das Kapital” or “Mein Kampf” – WORKERS PARTY NSW BULLETIN, Oct. 76. – READING, BOOKS, CENSORSHIP, REVOLUTION, TOTALITARIANISM, HITLER, MARX

PROJECTS: I’m like the mosquito at the nudist camp: I know what to do but I don’t know where to begin.” – Tom Anderson, Straight Talk. -. In PEACE PLANS 20 I offered my first and still very incomplete list of ca. 1000 libertarian projects. It would need extensive division of labour among many participants to promote these and thousands of other libertarian projects sufficiently. One man or small groups can only do so much. A complete list of all such projects, which still need input from many other libertarians, should be put online, to draw enough participants. – JZ, 2.4.08, 27.7.13. – NEW DRAFT, IDEAS ARCHIVE & LIBERTARIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA, BIBLIOGRAPHY, LIBRARY, ABSTRACTS & REVIEWS, EXCESS OF LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS, WEBSITE LISTING OF ALL THE LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS TO ATTRACT ENOUGH PARTICIPANTS TO ALL OF THEM, JOKES.

PROJECTS. If possible, try to follow up everything. Nothing makes life poorer than to begin much and not to finish anything.” - Christian Morgenstern, Stufen, 1918, p.157, written 1908. (Suche allem nach Moeglichkeit eine Folge zu geben. Nichts macht das Leben aermer als vieles anfangen und nichts vollenden.) - Many important projects are too large and thus discouraging for an individual. Thousands of libertarian projects are. However, they could be successfully tackled in large enough division of labor - if that is effectively initiated and carried out. We have the tools for this on the Internet. It could be initiated by inviting participation from many in all large libertarian projects that could and should be listed online, including addresses or contact email addresses and websites for each of them. Usually, one cannot find enough collabortors among one's family members, friends, neighbors, colleagues and accidental acquaintances. Such a projects list should be supplemented by a libertarian directory, indicating special interests and also by a libertarian ideas archive. Naturally, a comprehensive digital freedom library, which could by now be offered on a single external HD, would also help, as well as a meeting calender for libertarian and all other educational meetings in the district or city where one lives. Only jet-setters would benefit from a directory to all libertarian conferences etc. world-wide. - In PEACE PLANS 20, I offered, many years ago, an initial libertarian projects list with about 1,000 entries, also the proposal for a libertarian Ideas Archive. - JZ, 16.2.11. - BEGINNING & FINISHING THEM, COMPLETING JOBS


PROLETARIANS: at least in the developed world, where workers are no longer the poverty-stricken, beaten down wretches of the past, but are consumers, taxpayers and investors.” - Larry Gambone, TOTAL LIBERTY, Autumn 1999. – Neither as consumers nor as taxpayers and investors are they as yet quite free in the “developed” world. – JZ, 10.3.09. - Where they are already somewhat free in their work, in spite of high taxes and numerous governmental restrictions, they can already over-eat so much that all too many of them are obese. Obesity is rampant even in Western type welfare recipients. But should we take that threat as a motive to deprive them of their already and still all too much restricted rights and liberties or to increase their taxes further? - Let us start with restricting or abolishing those "fat cats", who restrict and exploit all too many of us with their territorial powers, laws and institutions. Best, perhaps, by confining them to their remaining voluntary victims. - JZ, 16.2.11. - WORKERS, POVERTY, DEVELOPMENT, PENSION FUND SOCIALISM, PURCHASES OF MOST ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES ARE POSSIBLE & DESIRABLE

PROLETARIANS: In the United States today only 9 per cent of the total population – 20 million workers – manufacture goods for some 220 million people. The remaining 65 million workers provide services and manipulate symbols.” - Alvin Toffler, The Third Wave, Pan Books & Collins, 1980/81, p.191. – According to these figures they do certainly no longer a “majority” exploited by a minority but a minority supplying essential products to the majority! – JZ, 11.3.09. – Compare also how their average wages have increased, under their supposed exploitation by “capitalism” – although genuine free enterprise capitalism is still largely enchained in the supposedly “free” countries. – JZ, 20.3.09. - BLUE COLOR WORKERS, A MINORITY IN SOMEWHAT DEVELOPED COUNTRIES,

PROLETARIANS: It is strange that proletarians are proud to be proletarians. Not the proletariat but its abolition should be the aim.” – Jakob Bosshardt, Bausteine. JZ tr. of: “Es ist seltsam, wie die Arbeiter ihren Stolz dareinsetzen, Proletarier zu sein. Nicht die Proletarisierung, sondern die Entproletarisierung sollte das Ziel sein.“ –. – This has already been largely achieved. The former masses of proletarians are now a minority and most of them have bourgeois ambition and already achieved many of them in the somewhat developed countries. – The process of de-proletarization goes on. Very few declare themselves proudly to be merely “proletarians”. Even the number of self-employed people keeps growing. - JZ, 21.7.86, 1.4.08. -

PROLETARIANS: It no longer seems merely mistaken, but is more nearly archaic, to think of the proletariat as an ‘historical agent’ with true political initiatives in societal transformation.” – Alvin W. Gouldner, quoted by Brian Martin, Changing the Cogs, p.79. – Marxians thought that by appealing to those they considered to be proletarians, they would get the majority on their side and then, under the pretence of a dictatorship of the proletariat would be able to establish a dictatorship over the proletarians and over all others. – But by now the proletarians, as defined by them, have become a minority, one among many. – JZ, 2.4.08. – However, Marxist ideas have often and for all too long been applied in a totalitarian and mass-murderous territorial systems, producing poverty and hunger rather than riches. Nevertheless, they are still all too much applied even in democracies and Welfare States that consider themselves to be anti-communist. - JZ, 16.2.11. - MARXISM, WELFARE STATES, COMMUNISM, BLUE COLLAR WORKERS, A MINORITY NOW

PROLETARIANS: Mr. Schiff figures that only sixteen out of every hundred people in the U.S. are actually busy producing things to eat, use and wear.” – John Chamberlain in his introduction to Irwin A. Schiff, The Biggest Con. – And these 16 % do not necessarily represent the lowest income levels, either! - JZ, 13.3.08. – POVERTY, EXPLOITATION, MARXISM

PROLETARIANS: Proletarians of all countries unite!”I humbly beg to be permitted to ask: What for?” – Stanislaw Jerzy Lec - (“Proletarier aller Laender vereinigt euch!” – Ich bitte gehorsamst fragen zu duerfen - wozu?) – To make some communist or State Socialist bosses fat – while with their ignorance, prejudices and power addiction they impoverish the population of whole countries? – JZ, 21.1.14. – MARXISM, STATE SOCIALISM, OFFICIAL EXPLOITATION AT A VAST SCALE

PROLETARIANS: The 'dictatorship of the proletariat' will become the 'dictatorship over the proletariat'." … "If we were to elect the most radical revolutionary he would become worse than the czar himself" - Mikhail Bakunin, 40 years before the Russian Revolution. – Quoted by Matt ClassWar Barsan & pointed out by Brad Spangler shared Matt ClassWar Barsan's status update. – Facebook, 12.3.12. -DICTATORSHIP, REVOLUTIONARIES, TYRANNY

PROLETARIANS: The ‘proletarian’ is the much-talked about customer who is always right.” – Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.171. - And the legal and illegal immigrants to the USA all want to be such “proletarians”. Few fled or migrated to those States that called themselves a paradise for their “liberated” workers. – Most voted with their feet against the so-called “Peoples’ democracies”. Why not trust the judgments and actions of these “proletarians”? – They certainly did not feel like dictators in the States they fled from. - JZ, 13.3.08. – Q.

PROLETARIANS: The “exploited” and “starving” workers of today, have often an over-weight problem and drive a flashy car. – JZ, 5.2.97. - WORKERS & POVERTY.

PROLETARIANS: the industrial proletariat, far from being the revolutionary vanguard of society, [is] its dumb rearguard. In May 1968 the most conservative, the most mystified stratum of society, the most deeply ensnared in the traps of bureaucratic capitalism (*), was the working class.” – Daniel Dohn-Bendit, Obsolete Communism. The Left-Wing Alternative, N.Y., 1968, p.13, quoted in B.R. Barber, Superman and Common Men, p.101. – They were ensnared, rather by the part-realization of territorial State Socialism, a mixed economy that suppressed and exploited free enterprise and other economic liberties in all too many spheres. Its failures where then ascribed to laissez-faire capitalism or free enterprise capitalism instead of to monetary and financial despotism and other economic restrictions imposed by politicians and bureaucrats, with their supposedly democratic or republican "positive" laws and institutions. For many it seemed so easy to become captivated by some false or misleading catchphrases and to ignore contrary facts. - JZ, 16.2.11.

PROLETARIANS: the Marxist-Leninist case for a political order based upon the dictatorship of the proletariat (Parkin, p. 183). Which being translated is, as Parkin recognizes, the dictatorship of the party over the rest of society; and the dictatorship of the Central Committee over the party. In the Newspeak of established Leninism, the technical expression of these arrangements is ‘democratic centralism’.” – Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.64. – It led to non-proletarians ruling over and exploiting most proletarians and all others of their subjects in territories imperialistically misruled by them. - Alas, they did not make the number of their mass murder victims, over 200 million of them, as obviously visible as former conquerors did, who, sometimes, built pyramids of human skulls. - Thus, for decades, leftist "intellectuals" managed to visit them and declared them to be paradises for the proletariat. - Just another misleading "religion" or ideology is involved. - JZ, , POWER, DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT, MARXISM, COMMUNISM, LENINISM, STATISM, STATE SOCIALISM, DOGMATIC LEFTISM

PROLETARIANS: The U.S. already has nearly two-thirds of its active population in the service and support sector, compared with about only 50 % in Europe.” – READER’S DIGEST, 10/79. –

PROLETARIANS: There is no pride in being a proletarian. All do rather aspire to rise to the level of a bourgeois. – JZ n.d. – CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS, PRIDE

PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS: The more nuclear weapons there are, and the more military officers and defence ministers have access to them, the more likely becomes their accidental or aggressive use. Nothing but a reduction of the number of the accumulated nuclear weapons arsenal and of decision-making monopolies on them, to zero, will suffice. – JZ, 1975 & 21.1.14. - ACCIDENTAL WAR, ACUTENESS OF DANGER, ARMS RACE, BRINKMANSHIP, DEFENCE, DETERRENCE, NTH. POWER PROBLEM, NUCLEAR STRENGTH, SPREAD, WAR AIMS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on

PROMETHEUS & TAXATION: The taxpayer, from whom all good things come, resembles Prometheus, the fire-bringer, somewhat. For he is chained and every day a bird of prey comes and eats from his flesh. – JZ, 15.6.91, 2.4.08. – TAX SLAVERY, TRIBUTE LEVIES VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP, EXPLOITATION BY THE WELFARE STATE

PROMISCUITY: An epoch which is not an age of promiscuity is necessarily an age of prostitution.” – James Laver, Taste and Fashion from the French Revolution until Today. – One of the many cases of false alternatives. Expressed as if there were nothing in-between these extremes. – JZ, 23.3.08. - SEXUAL FREEDOM, MARRIAGES, LOVE AFFAIRS, PROSTITUTION,

PROMISES: And he promised – with all the insincerity of a politician. – JZ, 25.8.94.

PROMISES: Better break your word than do worse in keeping it.” – Thomas Fuller, M.C., Gnomologia, 1732, 883.

PROMISES: Every promise leads to the expansion of the cost and size of the already bloated public service.” – John Curvers, in election leaflet, 1976. – POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, POLITICAL PARTIES & THEIR “PROGRAMS” & “PLATFORMS”

PROMISES: If territorial governments would and could stick to their rightful promises, then I would be in favour of such governments. - JZ, 75, 16.2.11. – TERRITORIALISM, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, WELFARE STATES

PROMISES: It’s like a campaign promise; it’s too good to be true.” – Will Rogers. – Are there really any good campaign promises when they have e.g. to be financed by tax slaves or inflation victims? They do, usually, ignore at least one if not several  individual right or liberty. – JZ, 29.7.92, 2.4.08, 21.1.14. – POLITICIANS, ELECTION CAMPAIGNS, VOTING, TAXATION, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROMISES: Last year an Independent Libertarian candidate for Assemblyman in New York, when asked what would he do for the people as their Assemblyman, answered with ‘Absolutely nothing.’ – David A. Williams, THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p.567. – Would he not even vote against the continuance or increase of taxes? – JZ, 13.3.08. - Even some libertarians offer only catchy phrases rather than rightful and thoughtful proposals. - JZ, 16.2.11.

PROMISES: Let nobody promise what he himself cannot be expected to pay for.- JZ, 23.12.76, 16.2.11.

PROMISES: Our and foreign governments "assure" us: We are peace loving. We will not be the first to use nuclear devices, we will not use nuclear space weapons, we have already destroyed all our B & C weapons, we will use only "clean" nuclear devices, we will attack only military targets, we can defend our population, we can deter the enemy from aggression etc. - None of their promises and assurances can be trusted and certainly should not be trusted to the extent of making the survival of mankind depend on them. The record of promises kept by governments is all too short. - Politicians, perhaps more than any other group of people, are infamous for going back on their word. – Persons, who reserve to themselves the authority to commit mass murder, whenever they think the situation would "justify'' it, should never be trusted any more than any ordinary mass murderers should be. - To become independent of the promises of politicians, and to help the somewhat better ones among them, against the real intentions and the aggressive and war promoting actions of other politicians, and, naturally, for the best possible protection of their own individual rights and liberties, the people ought to properly armed (with rightful weapons ), rightfully organized and trained. - Then they could freely secede and establish their own and diverse personal law societies and communities, all of volunteers only and all without any territorial monopoly. - AIR RAIDS, ALLIANCES, AUTHORITY, AUTONOMY, DECLARATIONS, DECISION, DESERTION, DETERRENCE, DIPLOMACY, DISARMAMENT / MULTILATERAL, FREEDOM, GOVERNMENTS, INDEPENDENCE, INDIVIDUALISM, MADNESS, MILITIA, MONOPOLIES, NON-AGGRESSION PACTS, OBEDIENCE, PEOPLE, POLITICIANS, POWER, PUBLICITY, RULERS, SECESSION,  SECRECY, SELF-DEFENCE, SELFHELP, STATISM, SUBORDINATION, TREATIES, TRUST, WAR AIMS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, 1975, on - PROMISES BY GOVERNMENTS, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, PRESIDENTS ETC. - Here revised: 16.2.11.

PROMISES: Political promises are not worth the paper they are written on. - JZ, 25.8.94. - At least not under territorial politics. Here, too, exterritorial autonomy politics, of communities of volunteers, may make a great difference. – JZ, 1.4.08. – No government has as yet managed to make its paper promises valuable enough by e.g. producing a declaration of ALL individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 21.1.14. TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROMISES: politicians hurt the voter when they make campaign promises … The truth is that whenever promises are made, they must be paid by our tax dollars. Because of this we need a new kind of politician: the one who promises Not to do anything for us. … And if re-elected I promise to continue my tradition of doing nothing to the American taxpayer.” - David A. Williams, THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p. 568. – Not even to repeal wrongful laws and any tax laws – same thing? – Some libertarians seem, sometimes, to be as thoughtless as most of their opponents are. - JZ, 13.3.08.

PROMISES: Politicians promise people everything in order to gain office; today’s promises become tomorrow’s taxes.” – Dr. H. L. Soper, in LIBERTARIAN OPTIMISM, 8/78. – POLITICIANS, TAXES

PROMISES: Promises are not to be kept, if the keeping of them would prove harmful to those to whom you have made them.” – Cicero, De Officiis, 44. B.C., a.10.32.

PROMISES: Promises, promises, promises, coming out of the woodwork at election time, without mentioning that you will be made to pay more.” – John Curvers, in election leaflet, 1976.

PROMISES: The careers of territorial politicians are full of their promises and rather empty of their fulfilments. – They are very “promising” careers. – JZ, 16.1.13. - & POLITICIANS

PROMISES: The government made us many promises, more than I can remember. But they never kept but one; they promised to take our land and they took it.” – American Indian, 1890, quoted in Dee Brown, “Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee.” - No country or continent belongs exclusively to anybody. Even the Red Indians were merely territorialists. - JZ, 16.2.11.

PROMISES: The political promises of yesterday are the taxes of tomorrow.” – W. G. P. – TAXATION, POLITICS, ELECTIONS, POLITICIANS

PROMISES: The smallest actual good is better than the most magnificent promises of impossibilities.” – Macaulay, Essays: Lord Bacon.

PROMOTING GOOD: Most evil done in the world is done in the name of promoting this or that supposed good.” - Walter Williams – COMMON INTEREST, PUBLIC GOOD ETC., EVIL, WELFARE STATE, COMMON GOOD, STATE SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM

PROMOTIONS: Whoever strives for promotion under the present system is either a status seeker or has not yet woken up to the present tax realities. – JZ, 7.6.79. – The extra working and travelling hours, the extra labours and responsibilities and the extra taxes, are often not really worth the extra efforts involved, to be, ultimately, paid for with one’s limited living hours and energies. – JZ, 13.3.08. - CAREERS, JOBS

PROOFS: In most instances, all an argument proves is that two people are present.” – Tony Petito. – Until we have established a comprehensive encyclopaedia of the best refutations of all popular errors, myths and prejudices that are obstacles to progress – or established a comprehensive electronic argument map on the subject of a controversy, let us mostly just agree to disagree – and let each advocate try to realize his ideas and opinions quite freely – but only among like-minded people. – JZ, 3.1.08, 16.2.11. - ARGUMENTS, DEBATES, DISCUSSIONS, PERSUASION ATTEMPTS, PREJUDICES, RED., ARGUMENT MAPPING, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS OF POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES, ENLIGHTENMENT,  VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL TOLERANCE

PROOFS: You can’t prove anything where interest dominates reason. - Dagobert D. Runes, A Book of Contemplation, p.107. – VESTED INTEREST, REASON, LOGIC

PROPAGANDA BY DEED: A-territorial autonomy of volunteers would constitute the best kind of "propaganda by deed" of those who are nihilists towards territorial "establishment" values and institutions. It would constitute tolerant anarchy and also tolerant other kinds of ideology in action, all only among their volunteers and none claiming a territorial monopoly. - JZ, n.d., in Pan AZ & 21.1.14. – POLYARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, MUTUAL TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM

PROPAGANDA BY DEED: Propaganda by deed has got almost wholly negative connotations through anarchist assassinations, unionist anti-industrial actions and terrorist gangs. Territorialism leads to explosions, panarchism rather to implosions or extinctions of powers and of power mongers. Implosion and decentralization are given a new meaning through alternative or parallel institutions, freedom to experiment, freedom to act responsibly in all spheres, especially through full exterritorial autonomy for all volunteer communities and the individual secessionism and associationism that would exist in them. - J. Z., 27.1.99, 10.12.03. – META-UTOPIA, VOLUNTARISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY,  PERSONAL LAW

PROPAGANDA BY DEED: Terrorism as a self-defeating propaganda” would be a more suitable label for it. – JZ, 9.10.93. – Did you ever see a full catalogue of all actions that would really lead to liberty, justice and peace for all but aggressors and criminals, private and official ones? – JZ, 15.2.08. - BOMB THROWING, VIOLENCE, ASSASSINATIONS, TERRORISM, LIBERTARIAN DIGITAL LIBRARY ON AN EXTERNAL HDD, LIBERTARIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA, LIBERTARIAN IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS LIST, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM

PROPAGANDA, EDUCATION & ENLIGHTENMENT OPTIONS FOR PANARCHISM: They are, essentially, the same as those for scientific teachings and experiments. - JZ, n.d., in Pan AZ. - I am also offering via an email attachment, until it appears on a disc or online, the manuscript for a book on libertarian enlightenment options, so far only titled "New Draft". Zipped it comes only to 306 KBs. A review of it by Gian Piero de Bellis is online at - JZ, 16.2.11. FREEDOM IN EDUCATION, CULTURAL REVOLUTION, NEW DRAFT, COMPETITIVE ENLIGHTENMENT OPTIONS,

PROPAGANDA: As for our general policy, I think it should be anti-Administration at all times … [It should bring ] … the power of sound information and impartial honesty against the immense effects of government propaganda, with its constant appeals to the lowest credulities of the people.” … - Mencken, to Paul Patterson, editor of the BALTIMORE SUN, in 1937. - Quoted by Randy Boehm, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, U.S., 11/76.

PROPAGANDA: As soon as by one’s own propaganda even a glimpse of right on the other side is admitted, the cause for doubting one’s own right is laid.” - Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), German dictator. Mein Kampf, vol.1, ch. 6 (1925)

PROPAGANDA: But, banish Propaganda and what remains? A catalogue of facts without interpretation.” – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.28/29.

PROPAGANDA: By all means, propagate freedom ideas but remember: “He who would kindle another must himself glow.” – Source? – ENTHUSIASM, CONVICTION, KNOWLEDGE, CONFIDENCE

PROPAGANDA: Effective propaganda depends upon arousing interest and maintaining it.” – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.81

PROPAGANDA: Good propaganda is always true propaganda.” – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.38. – Alas, before e.g. WW I and WWII and during them neither side advocated exclusively quite rightful war and peace aims. Nor have I heard or read of any from any government ever or found enough people interested in developing and publishing them. – Nothing is worse to behold than ignorance in action. – said Goethe. – We have not even clearly and publicly defined who is to be the “enemy” for our ABC mass murder devices, if there are any at all. – What else but disasters can arise from such ignorance, such prejudices, such wrongful premises and assumptions and such a lack of interest, in the own affairs, even the own individual rights, liberties and survival requirement? - JZ, 30.3.08, 21.1.14. – RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, FULLY DECLARED, IN TIME

PROPAGANDA: In a free society, a government has no business using the power of the law or the taxpayers' money to propagandize for some views and to prevent the transmission of others … Freedom of speech is for the listener as well as the speaker - to enable him to make his own choice among as wide an assortment of views as his fellows are inclined, for whatever reason to set forth.” - Milton Friedman NEWSWEEK 1969. - OF & FOR THE GOVERNMENT AT THE EXPENSE OF THE TAXPAYERS

PROPAGANDA: Information is the communication of facts and opinions in an effort to enlighten. Propaganda is the communication of facts (or non-facts) and opinions in an effort to influence. Information, presumably, is calm, coldly logical, unemotional; propaganda is turbulent, hotly persuasive, supercharged with emotion. But the distinction is not that easy. On the one hand, propaganda may be an utterly calm presentation of lies. On the other hand, facts set down coldly and objectively often have a greater influence than flaming unfactual words.” – Lester Markel. – Quoted in C. Bingham, Men and Affairs, p.101. - The propaganda and enlightenment potential of panarchism or polyarchism is still to be released. Under it, precisely because they are not enforced, but free-market-rated experiments with alternative systems, realized only among volunteers, the superior ones would tend to drive out the inferior ones, in another application of Gresham’s Law, in the correct version, not the popular version of misunderstanding it. – JZ, 13.3.08, 16.2.11.

PROPAGANDA: Information is the raw-material of propaganda. It is not propaganda itself. Propaganda is a skilled technique of presentation.” - John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.39. - ADVERTISING, PUBLICITY, PRESENTATION, PUBLIC RELATIONS, SLOGANS, RED., TRUTH

PROPAGANDA: is the putting forward of, and the insistence upon, a particular point of view.” – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.53.

PROPAGANDA: It is a perfectly good Latin term, from propago, to extend, enlarge, increase, carry forward, advance, spread. To propagate, to make known, to spread ideas.” - John Hargrave, 1940, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.31. - Alas, there exists also, mostly territorial political, propaganda, which is full of lies as opposed to all propaganda or agitation or enlightenment efforts for genuine truths. The latter could best be promoted through a free market for ideas and talents, in form of an Ideas Archive and a Centre for Talents. – The former kind of propaganda, faith, believes, popular errors and prejudices, could, probably, be best be countered e.g. by an encyclopaedia of the best refutations of all of them, which are significant obstacles to progress, as well as e.g. by discussion methods like digital argument mapping as advocated by Paul Monk et al online. - JZ, 30.3.08, 21.1.14. - The "proof in the pudding" for each good reform proposal or revolutionary transformation of society would be its successful realization among volunteers only, under personal law and without making any territorial monopoly claim for it. Their obvious successes would then tend to become widely copied rather soon. If the same volunteers tried to spread them only by verbal propaganda, they might still be unsuccessful, like most of the George-ists are, even after campaigning for their reforms for over a century. (I hold that only some of their proposals, like e.g. Free Trade, are quite rightful.) If, instead, e.g. Free Trade became a free option for all societies and communities of volunteers, not confined to a few duty-free shops and industrial development zones, both still excessively regulated, then it would tend to spread fast. - JZ, 16.2.11.

PROPAGANDA: It might be said that information is ’penny plain’, while propaganda is the same information ‘trippence coloured’. – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.40.

PROPAGANDA: James Clark Maxwell … discovered that when energy was put into a system faster than the system could accept it, some of it left the system as radiation.” – G. Harry Stine, DESTINIES, 1/5, p. 159. - Some physical laws apply to social relationships as well. - JZ, 13.3.08. - New and correct ideas, contrary to public opinion, are accepted by individuals only to the extent that they are already mentally prepared for them, at least to some extent. Otherwise, they are almost automatically rejected. - JZ, 21.1.14. - EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT EFFORTS, PUBLIC OPINION, AGITATION, POPULLAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES VS. NEW & SOUND IDEAS

PROPAGANDA: Mencken’s second cardinal principle is political: Resist political propaganda from established politicians as well as from so-called reformers.” - Randy Boehm, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, U.S., 11/76.

PROPAGANDA: No matter how contradictory, idiotic, false, or fantastically ridiculous a propaganda-flood may be, unless it is destroyed at once by an equally skilful counter-attack, it will have some effect. If it goes on without such countering, it will, in time, dominate the minds of the majority.” - John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940. - Some of the Nazi propaganda, asserting that they would have abolished unemployment in Germany, was still widely believed, even in foreign countries, for many years after the war. Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen pointed out that Germany was one of the last to recover from the Great Depression – at least of all the countries in Europe. France was one of the first. – JZ 30.3.08. - LIES, FALSEHOODS, BIG LIES,

PROPAGANDA: Prevention of nuclear war requires an enormous education and propaganda effort, even across guarded frontiers. - It requires propaganda for individual rights, especially individual, secession, economic freedom, including monetary freedom, rightful war aims, including exterritorial autonomy, military desertion to rightful governments in exile, military uprisings and revolutions, tyrannicide, tax strikes and monetary revolutions, unilateral destruction of nuclear devices, the destruction of nuclear power plants and for alternative energy sources etc. In short, it requires propaganda for moral., rational, practical and attractive alternatives. - See: APPEALS, CULTURAL REVOLUTION, DECISION, DECLARATIONS, ENLIGHTENMENT, NEGOTIATIONS, PUBLICITY, REFERENDUM, WAR AIMS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, 1975, somewhat revised for the digital edition on

PROPAGANDA: Propaganda has a bad name, but its root meaning is simply to disseminate through a medium, and all writing therefore is propaganda for something. It’s a seeding of the self in the consciousness of others.” - Elizabeth Drew (1887-1965), Anglo-American author, critic. Poetry: A Modern Guide to Its Understanding and Enjoyment, pt. 2, ch.10 (1959) -

PROPAGANDA: Propaganda is a lie that is told to one millions people.” – Source unknown. (“Propaganda ist eine Luege, die man einer Millione Menschen erzaehlt.“)

PROPAGANDA: Propaganda is that branch of the art of lying which consists in nearly deceiving your friends without quite deceiving your enemies.” - F. M. Cornford (1874-1943), British author, poet. Quoted in NEW STATESMAN, London, September 15, 1978.

PROPAGANDA: propaganda machine … should be a truth projector and not a lies factory.” – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.62.

PROPAGANDA: Propaganda puts an end to doubt. It closes the ‘open mind’, and leads to action.” – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940.

PROPAGANDA: Propaganda, despite the bad overtones which the word has acquired (because of the bad example set by governments, actually), is literally the only way to root the State out of its position, for the nature of government is such that if people did not - as we say - legitimize it by permitting it to make decisions binding them, it could not exist.” - Fred Woodworth, Anarchism, p.4. - As if e.g. rightful secessions, revolutions, resistance, tax strikes, militias, monetary and financial revolutions had to play no role in this at all. A libertarian ideas archive and encyclopaedia of refutations are, probably, among the minimum requirements to criticize as primitive to incomplete notions sufficiently. - JZ, 16.2.11. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, ENLIGHTENMENT, EDUCATION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM FOR RIGHTFUL ACTIONS AMONG VOLUNTEERS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, SETTING PRACTICAL EXAMPLES, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY OR PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES FOR VOLUNTEERS

PROPAGANDA: Propaganda, to be effective, must be believed. To be believed, it must be credible. To be credible, it must be true.” - Hubert H. Humphrey (1911-1978), U.S. Democratic politician, vice president. Speech, December 6, 1965, Medford, Massachusetts – It is best demonstrated by practical realization among volunteers. – JZ, 21.1.14.

PROPAGANDA: Since the World War, when all belligerent countries undertook it as an adjunct to their diplomatic and military operations, propaganda has come to be looked upon as a mere advocacy of special interests or as an attempt to gain credence for statements partially or wholly untrue. Though this meaning was and still is, justified, it is not exhaustive, nor are coloured or partial presentations of a particular point of view necessarily the most effective form of propaganda.” – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.53. – The most effective form of propaganda exists in practical demonstrations of certain ideas, methods, organizations, by volunteers, e.g. by governance systems and societies in exile, all for their present and future volunteers, as alternatives to existing territorial despotisms, tyrannies and totalitarian regimes, ultimately also as alternatives to all present territorial democracies and republics. – JZ, 21.1.14. – COMMUNITIE IN EXILE, UNDER PERSONAL LAW, ALL ONLY WITH VOLUNTARY MEMBERS

PROPAGANDA: technique can be used to ‘put over’ statements of fact that can be proved to be true.” – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p.40.

PROPAGANDA: The best propaganda omits rather than invents.” - Mason Cooley (b. 1927), U.S. aphorist. City Aphorisms, Sixth Selection, New York (1989). – , RED.

PROPAGANDA: the difference between words that define reality and those that disguise it. – A Japanese former champion SF writer, who died today at 85. - I did not catch his name in the news broadcast. – JZ, 28.2.92.

PROPAGANDA: The only cure for propaganda is more propaganda.” – Carl J. Friedrich, The New Belief in the Common Man, p.96.

PROPAGANDA: The persistent attempt to make other people believe what one does not believe oneself.” – Thaddaeus Troll. („Hartnaeckiger Versuch, andere Menschen glauben zu machen, was man selbst nicht glaubt.“) – As if genuine truths, seriously believed-in, would not, under present conditions, also need propaganda or advertising for them. – JZ 10.4.08. - LIES, ADVERTISING, TRUTHS, IDEAS, CONVICTIONS.

PROPAGANDA: The real struggle is not between East and West, or capitalism and communism, but between education and propaganda. Education means teaching people to see the reality around them, to understand it for themselves. Propaganda is exactly the opposite. It tells the people “You will think like this, as we want you to think!” – Aubrey Hodes, Encounter with Martin Buber. - EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, EAST/WEST, CAPITALISM, COMMUNISM

PROPAGANDA: The secret of the agitator consists in this to make himself appear so stupid as his listeners are, so that they believe, that they would be as clever as he is.” – Kraus. (“Das Geheimnis des Agitators ist, sich so dumm zu machen, wie seine Zuhoerer sind, damit sie glauben, sie seien so gescheit wie er.“) Another explanation for their success is that they do anyhow share the same popular errors and prejudices as most people in their audience - but the agitator is more eloquent about them. – JZ, 23.2.08, 21.1.14.

PROPAGANDA: the whole point of propaganda or of sales talk in general, is to find words that will sell ideas or products or anything else that, if seen clearly, would be instantly rejected. - Pyrrho, THE CONNECTION 99, 2,11.81, p.69. - There is propaganda for truths and there is propaganda for lies. Likewise, there are advertisements for excellent goods and services and there are advertisements for shoddy goods. - JZ, 6.7.89. - ADVERTISING

PROPAGANDA: There are two kinds of propaganda - rational propaganda in favor of action that is consonant with the enlightened self-interest of those who make it and those to whom it is addressed, and non-rational propaganda that is not consonant with anybody’s enlightened self-interest, but is dictated by, and appeals to, passions, blind impulses, unconscious cravings or fears.” - Aldous Huxley, Brave New World Revisited, p.307.

PROPAGANDA: There would be less need for truthful propaganda if there were experimental freedom for all proposed reforms, systems and institutions and each individual would be give his choice of any of them. Then the facts, the successes and failures of free experiments would speak for themselves. Thus there should be formed not only one territorialist alternative government or society in exile for every existing and quite wrongful territorial government but as many as there are different kinds of dissenters to it. That would greatly contribute to the collapse of the despotic regime. The infighting between the various groups of dissenters would be avoided. Each could then achieve its preferred kind of change or liberation. – JZ, 5.6.92, 20.2.08. – On that basis they could unite their efforts for the overthrow of any despotic territorial regime. Even the armed forces are will then be inclined to join such revolutionaries, especially if they do also have a good full employment program for soldiers and public servants no longer "hired" by involuntary taxpayers. - Naturally, if possible, such programs should already be demonstrated, at least by some panarchies in the relatively free countries, for their present and future volunteers in their home countries or even all over the world. - JZ, 16.2.11, 22.1.14. - PANARCHISM, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, DICTATORSHIPS, TOTALITARIAN REGIMES, FREE CHOICE AMONG GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, COMMUNITIES & SOCIETIES, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM REVOLUTION FOR FULL EMPLOYMENT & SOUND COMPETING CURRENCIES, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM & VOLUNTARISM IN EVERY SPHERE, POLYARCHISM, METAUTOPIA, NETARCHY, EXTERRITORIAL MINORITY AUTONOMY

PROPAGANDA: To be successful in propaganda one should never say several things together, which are unexpected to the listener or reader. Alas, I only rarely followed this rule. - JZ, n.d., & 13.3.08. – IDEAS THAT ARE NEW TO PEOPLE SHOULD BE OFFERED ONLY IN SMALL BITES & AT SUFFICIENT INTERVALS; OTHERWISE THEY MERELY INCREASE THE OPPOSITION TO THEM.

PROPAGANDA: When the mass media in some foreign countries serve as megaphones for the rhetoric of their government, the result is ludicrous propaganda. When the mass media in our country serve as megaphones for the rhetoric of the U.S. government, the result is responsible journalism. –Norman SolomonJOURNALISM & NATIONALISMJOKES, MASS MEDIA, FREE PRESS

PROPERTARIAN: I am also indebted to Ursula Le Guin, for her useful and (at least to me) very attractive term “propertarian”. … L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, in the dedication.

PROPERTY: A bleach to take stains out of character.” – Anon. – This was, probably, meant derogatorily, referring to a cover-up opportunity or the tendency to ignore flaws in wealthy people. But in reality, property with its associated responsibilities, unless they are delegated to managers, is also a genuine mind and character builder. It widens the horizons to the xyz aspects of free market relationships, voluntarism, contracts, associationism, innovations and discoveries. – JZ, 25.3.84, 13.3.08. – FREE MARKETS & CAPITALISM PROVIDE AN AUTOMATIC EDUCATION TO THE INTELLIGENT & UNPREJUDICED

PROPERTY: A free society must be based on every man’s and woman's right to his/her life and liberty. Since the right to one's life is the same as the 'ownership of self,' there would by definition be property in anarchy. If you do not 'own' yourself, who does?" - (10/02) -, ANARCHISM & CAPITALISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY VS.PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, TAX SLAVES, CONSCRIPTS, INVOLUNTARY SUBJECTS, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, RULERS

PROPERTY: A human, according to Rogers (Nathaniel Rogers, THE HERALD OF FREEDOM, Sep. 8, 1838) ”can’t be property any more than he can be a horse, or a literal ass.” Spooner, too, argued that “the principle of natural law, which makes a calf belong to the owner of the cow, does not make the child of a slave belong to the owner of the slave. … because both cow and calf are naturally subjects of property; while neither men nor children are naturally subjects of property.” (p. 19.) There is a certain eternal, inalienable quality in being human; just by being born, a man is free.” – Charles Shiveley, in introduction to Lysander Spooner, Works, p.34/35. – Rather, he has a right to be free and to enjoy all individual rights and liberties when he is grown up and rational and respects them in others. Gun rights for babies and infants don’t make sense. – JZ, 22.1.14. - SELF-OWNERSHIP, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, SLAVERY

PROPERTY: A man is free precisely to the extent that his property rights are intact, because the condition of freedom and the condition of slavery are distinguished on the basis of the right of private property. A freeman owns himself and whatever he came by lawfully. A slave owns nothing. Ownership, however, means more than the possession of formal legal title to things. It means control. Control means authority over use, and over disposition as well. It means the condition in which one has the authority to follow his own preferences.” - Sylvester Petro - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

PROPERTY: A man's life is his property, his basic or fundamental possession. All other properties he may acquire extensions from this central reality.” - LE FEVRE'S JOURNAL, Fall 75. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP

PROPERTY: A man’s property is an extension of his very life.” - Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.33. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP

PROPERTY: A people averse to the institution of private property is without the first elements of freedom." - Lord Acton. - The first aspect of property rights is self-ownership. Whoever does not even recognize that property knows nothing about freedom and property. He is ready to become a slave. – JZ, 26.12.07. – I for one find the still existing ignorance of and non-appreciation of many fundamental individual rights and liberties quite shocking and threatening to myself and those I love and am friends with. – JZ, 22.1.14. - & FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, IGNORANCE OF & INDIFFERENCE TOWARDS MANY OF THEM

PROPERTY: A pot that belongs to many is ill stirred and worse boiled.” – Thomas Fuller. – Actually it is not the pot but its contents that is stirred and boiled. - This is certainly not the best example for collectivized property, for this is the general practice e.g. in every family household. – Name a better example! Almost all aphorisms and slogans can and should be further improved. Nothing should be merely accepted upon authority, least of all my own remarks. Even I do often find fault with them, after a while, and keep tinkering on them, in the attempt to improve them. – JZ, 13.3.08. This is usually indicated by added dates. - JZ, 16.2.11. - COMMON PROPERTY, COMMUNISM, RESPONSIBILITY, COMPULSORY TERRITORIAL COLLECTIVISM, VOTING & REPRESENTATION, POLITICIANS, LEGISLATION

PROPERTY: A property right in x is the right to dispose of x as one sees fit (provided that such disposal does not itself violate anyone else’s rights). …” - Ascribed to Robert Nozick, in Samuel Scheffler, Princeton University, “Natural Rights, Equality and the Minimal State”, CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY, 3/76.

PROPERTY: Abolish private property, and you abolish all rights and liberties with it.” – Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, July 71. - Free speech, freedom to write and to publish, does not mean that one owns the ideas and opinions that one expresses. In free exchanges the value of one's property consists not in the right to hold on to it but to exchange it for some other property that one wants more, provided one finds a willing exchange partner. Speaking of exchange media as property does not explain their nature sufficiently. If it has an imposed value standard, due to legal tender legislation, then that value standard is also not one's own property, i.e. under one's own full control. For clarification purposes, a complete and clear bill of rights should contain much more than one right, the right to property. It is a terrible over-simplification to equate it to all other rights and liberties. – There are even many sub-rights and liberties to monetary freedom as Ulrich von Beckerath indicated in his declaration of monetary rights and liberties, in PEACE PLANS 589/590, an anthology which was later enlarged and digitized and put online at - Without understanding these details the nature of money, currency, clearing and short-term credits is not sufficiently understood. The mere slogans: “Money is property!” and “Property is money!” do not explain enough their realities. - JZ, 16.2.11, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: About the most glowing monument to the free market and the institution of private property is revealed in the fact that in Soviet Russia the 3 % privately owned garden plots of Russian peasants produce as high as 48 % of the farm output of the Soviet Union and this with next to a total lack of mechanized farming equipment. The mindless, inept bureaucracies of the forcibly collectivized farms produce no incentive for workers to turn in anything but minimal performances. …” - Vincent H. Miller, OPTION, Feb. 77. – PRIVATE ENTERPRISE, AGRICULTURE, COLLECTIVISM, PLANNING

PROPERTY: After all, if I expend the effort necessary to raise a crop, build a factory or lay a road, why should some socialist, who never expended one bit of effort to create these things, have some claim to them? And how does he propose to deprive me of them without putting a gun to my head? - Duncan Yuille, in his paper on Human Rights.

PROPERTY: After all, Proudhon was an individualist, not a communist-anarchist. He strove to refine rather than to destroy the idea of property.” – Robert E. Allen, in the compendium: “Moving Into the Front Ranks of Social Change”, p.11.

PROPERTY: Again, the right of (*) property certainly does not mean that one can rightfully take the property of others against their will. It merely means that people can seek property, produce it, buy it, inherit it, and that no one, neither their neighbors nor their government, shall forbid them or shall abridge the right.” – Oscar W. Cooley, in THE FREEMAN, August 76, p.466. - (*) to? – JZ

PROPERTY: Against theft I have Stirner’s own arguments to use: My property is part of my self-ownership and I cannot permit another to interfere with my property as little as I can permit him to interfere with my person.” – K. H. Z. to Stefan Blankertz, 2.9.74. („Gegen Diebstahl habe ich Stirner’s eigene Argumente einzuwenden dass mein Eigentum Teil meiner Eigenheit ist und dass ich einem anderen ebenso wenig erlaube, in mein Eigentum wie in meine Person einzugreifen.“) - I believe I have still to digitize the early letter exchanges between these two. – To the extent that they are available to me. S. B. has, in the meantime, established himself as a freedom writer and I doubt that he would object to the publication of some exchanges during his early “Lehrjahre”. In some respects he went beyond my father, possibly because he knew more of the English libertarian writings. – But he may still be a fanatic defender of copyrights. I do not know. – I clashed once with him, back in 1986 (?) at the freedom festival near Cologne, when he attacked all referendum attempts as threats to individual rights, while I defended them as rightful actions - provided they are undertaken in the defence of individual rights. I also presumed that dissenters should always be free to secede from the State, from its laws and from any territorial referendum. - JZ, 30.3.08.) – Alas, libertarians have failed so far to iron out enough of their remaining differences. But at least they do not have as many and as unfounded and intolerant ones as have the hyphenated anarchists, whose secondary choices after anarchism with its voluntarism, have become their primary ones – in a multiple sectarianism that is usually all too intolerant towards other anarchist sects, all kinds of libertarians and classical liberals, free enterprise, free trade, free migration, monetary and financial freedom and voluntary statism not claiming a territorial monopoly. See my long but still very incomplete anarchist spectrum at Apart from Christian Butterbach himself, no anarchist has so far approached me, with further entries to this listing, since it was put online, years ago. They are simply not enough interested in their own affairs that go beyond their particular anarchist sectarianism. – ANARCHISTS & LIBERTARIANS ARE SO FAR NOT SUFFICIENTLY INTERESTED IN THEIR OWN AFFAIRS TO USE ALL OPTIONS TO SETTLE THEIR UNNECESSARY & UNJUSTIFIED DIFFERENCES, OR AGREE ON SUFFICIENT MUTUAL TOLERANCE & THE FRAMEWORK REQUIRED FOR THIS TOLERANCE & PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE. I WOULD BE GLAD ABOUT EVERY EXCEPTION TO THIS RULE THAT I FIND & DO WISH TO INCLUDE IT IN THE BEGININGS OF MY PANARCHIST DIRECTORY LISTING. – JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: All one needs to understand is that private ownership disappears as private control is lost.” – Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p.103. – OWNERSHIP & CONTROL

PROPERTY: All property and all forms of wealth are produced by man’s mind and labor.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.986. – Thus land and natural resources are not exclusive private property and must remain accessible to all, e.g. via “open cooperatives”. – JZ, n.d. – I don’t assert that this does also apply e.g. to a very large gold nugget that someone finds merely by chance. – If someone found a genuinely alien artefact, then he deserves a large reward, I believe, but not exclusive property rights to it. It would, rather, belong to mankind, to be studied by it and displayed in a museum. – JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: all property rights emanate from and can be traced back to the right of self-ownership.” – Walter Grinder, An Introduction to Libertarian Thought, p. 21. – SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

PROPERTY: An acre in Middlesex is better than a principality in Utopia.” – T. B. Macaulay, Lord Bacon, 1837.

PROPERTY: An Empty Title: The same liberal construction which is required for the protection of life and liberty, in all particulars in which life and liberty are of any value, should be applied to the protection of private property. (*) If the legislature of the State, under pretence of providing for the public good, or for any other reason, can determine, against the consent of the owner, the uses to which private property may be devoted, or the prices which the owner shall received for its uses, it can deprive him of the property as completely as by a special act for its confiscation or destruction. If, for instance, the owner is prohibited from using his building for the purpose for which it was designed, it is of little consequence that he is permitted to retain the title and possession.” – Justice Stephen Field, 1877, quoted in FREEDOM FIRST, Winter 1966, p.17. - Typically, Field, too, avoided one crucial question, namely, how taxation and property-rights can be reconciled. Perhaps he knew, that they can’t be – but he lived off taxes, too. – (*) By the greatest robbers in the land? - JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: an individual who works hard under institutions of private property gets most of the benefit." - D. Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, chapter 2: a necessary digression. - He not only gets "most of the financial benefits" but much more: all of the benefits of technology, science, trade and association! - JZ, n.d. – Actually, in some cases of progressive taxation the State gets the Lion’s share of those incomes that it gets to know about. – There were even some extreme cases of progressive taxation, going beyond 100% of incomes, i.e. destroying the capital basis of the taxpayers. By now most of these extreme cases have probably been abolished. But still no one is quite safe from the nationalization threat or other confiscatory actions of governments. E.g. the forfeiture acts and “eminent domain” claims and the outright property tax in form of rates and land taxes, in which the government more or less arbitrarily fixes the “value” of the land involved. – The taxable official value of my half acre recently increased from $ 72,000 to 355,000. Upon a complaint by me, who does not intend to sell this land at all, the official valuer “reduced” this estimate to $ 340,000. If, in another 5 years the land value is supposedly increased not only 5 times but 10 times, they will tax me on a value of $ 3.5 million! In other words, this tax, too, is just another form of gradual or not so gradual expropriation. – We should finally organize to expropriate the official expropriators, as described by me in PEACE PLANS 19 c. - It is on a disc, which is online: - JZ, 20.3.09.

PROPERTY: Anarchists should be anarchistic enough not to want to rule over the activities and properties of others – except defensively. The mere existence of property in others does not constitute any aggression, but, on the contrary, is already a rightful, extensive and sensible peace settlement. To each his own! – JZ, Jan. 95. – If they want to try to exist and survive without any property rights and without touching any property rights of others, let them freely try to do so – among themselves, at their own risk and expense. Naturally, they would be well advised to study prior experiments of this kind first. – JZ, 3.3.08. – COMMUNIST ANARCHISM, ZERO-AGGRESSION PRINCIPLE: ZAP

PROPERTY: and there is a moral law against theft because rightful property is an extension of the person. “A possession, Aristotle writes, “is an instrument for maintaining life.” Deprive a person of the right to own property and he becomes something less than a person; he becomes someone else’s man. A man to whom we deny the rights of ownership must be owned by someone else; he becomes another man’s creature - a slave. The master-slave relation is a violation of the rightful order of things, that is, a violation of individual liberty and voluntary association.” – Edmund Opitz, THE FREEMAN, I/77, p.31.

PROPERTY: And though it is the glory of a private house to keep its own, it is the glory of a king to fight for the possessions of others.” - Tacitus, Complete Works, edited by Moses Hadas, p.358. - Rather, to make his military slaves fight for them, at the expense of his tax slaves. - JZ, 25.1.02. - INDIVIDUALS & GOVERNMENTS, FAME, GLORY, CONQUESTS, TAXATION, TRIBUTES, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, RULERS, TERRITORIALISM

PROPERTY: And when a man seeks to avoid this robbery, by evading the government robbers who are lying in wait for him, - that is, the so-called revenue officers, - whom he has a perfect right to evade, as he has to evade any other robbers, who may be lying in wait for him, - the seizure of his whole property, - instead of the ten, twenty, or fifty per cent. that would otherwise have been taken from him, - is not merely adding so much to the robbery itself, but is adding insult to the robbery. It is punishing a man as a criminal, for simply trying to save his property from robbers.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, Works I, p.43. - TAXATION, TAX EVASION, SMUGGLING

PROPERTY: Another doctrine, which employed the concept of groups and the challenge to state sovereignty made by Figgis and the pluralists, was distributivism. This was a variation on the guild socialist theme. Accepting the notion of the guild organization of production, it insisted on a diffusion of the ownership of property in general and of guild property in particular, which the guild socialists were not always willing to allow. Distributivism was an attempt to restore the system, which its supporters believed to have existed in the middle ages, when the ownership of property was spread out among the members of the community. (*) To be free a citizen must own property, and the associative or distributive state would maintain such a situation in being. (**) They attacked the party system, and advocated a kind of functional representation. (J. E. F. Mann et al: The Real Democracy; also H. Belloc, The Servile State; P. Derrick: Last Property; H. Belloc & C. Chesterton: The Party System.)” - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.111. - Under panarchism all these options would be freely and voluntarily experimented with, at the same time and in the same country, in complete independence for these experimenters. – JZ, 22.2.08. - The proper distribution of property is by gifts, inheritance, buying and selling. The buying can be on credit, with agreed-upon repayment and interest rates. - Huge whole enterprises change hands in this way and can also be acquired, quite rightfully, by take-over bids of their employees. - JZ, 16.2.11. - (*) Did not feudalism still prevail widely? - (**) Any territorial State, by its taxes and laws as well as prohibitions and monopolies, does largely destroy or prevent the acquisition of productive property by many to most people. But at least the purchase of enterprises by their employees is still legal in most cases. It would be much easier for the employees of they were not as heavily taxed as they are. - JZ, 22.2.08. 16.2.11. - DISTRIBUTIONISM, CAPITALISM FOR ALL, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION, PARTNERSHIPS, EMPLOYEE SHAREHOLDING, PENSION FUND SOCIALISM, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS, SELF-MANAGEMENT

PROPERTY: Another principle of freedom is the right to fruits of your labor - property, whether the property is in the form of money, food, clothing, houses, boats, real estate, or whatever. Without the right to own and dispose of the products of his own life, the individual is dependent upon the State (or someone) for his very existence. - his life, his liberty, and his property. Accordingly, if government is to serve men rather than rule them, it must protect private property (*) rather than control it.” - The Incredible Breadmachine, p.128. – (*) Can it? Does it ever, extensively enough? – JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: Anything that belongs to many is worse managed than something that belongs to only one.” – Aristoteles. (“Eine Sache, welche vielen gehoert, wird schlechter verwalted als eine Sache, die einem einzelnen gehoert.”) – However, there are also some individuals who are all too incompetent in managing their own property. Thus, sooner or later, it ends up in the hands of more competent managers. – JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: As a man is said to have a right to his property, he may be equally said to have a property in his rights.” - James Madison, "Property," NATIONAL GAZETTE, March 29, 1792. - The Writings of James Madison, ed. Gaillard Hunt, vol. 6, p.101 (1906). These words are inscribed in the Madison Memorial Hall, Library of Congress James Madison Memorial Building. Quoted by Anja Hartleb on Facebook, 2.4.12. - - One comment: Bruce Koerber - & RIGHTS

PROPERTY: As Bayes points out, 'a corollary of the right to produce is the right to keep that which one has created. If one may keep this product, it follows that one may consume it, exchange it for goods or services offered by someone else, sell it, or give it away. He may do all these things because the right of the producer is anterior to that of any other person or group. (Emphasis added) To assert that he does not have a primary right is, in effect, to deny him any right whatever. It is to say that he holds his property by sufferance of anyone (including a government) who is stronger than he, and that it is proper to plunder. But if it is proper to plunder from the producer, then it must, a fortiori, be proper to plunder from one who has himself plundered. It must then follow that only might can make right - one may take from another when one has the might, and one may keep only what one has the might to defend.” - The Incredible Breadmachine. - Quoted in THE FREEMAN, 10/75. – MIGHT VS. RIGHT

PROPERTY: As explained in “Fundamentals of Liberty”, there really are only three possible ways in which to view property: 1) Anyone may take anyone else’s property whenever he pleases. - 2) Some people may take the property of other people whenever they pleased. - 3) No one may ever take anyone else’s property without his permission.” - Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.34.

PROPERTY: At the same time, nothing can be more integral to the definition of capitalism than private ownership of the tools of production.” – Israel M. Kirzner, in Champions of Freedom, p.69. – In productive cooperatives the private ownership is even more widely spread, at least among its “employees”, cooperators or partners, all having some private productive capital interest in their firm. – In share-companies nominal ownership may be even more widely spread among shareholders outside the firm. However, these shareholders do not combine ownership incentives with work incentives and responsibilities. – It is this combination, which makes for higher productivity and ends the squabbles between employers and employees. - JZ, 13.3.08. - PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, SELF-MANAGEMENT, PARNERSHIPS, EXTENSIVE EMPLOYEE-SHAREHOLDING.

PROPERTY: Barbarism has its earmarks, and the acquisition of property through conquest or superior force is notably one of them. Civilization, too, has its earmarks, and the orderly disposition of property through the medium of deeds, leases, wills, and other contractual arrangements is not only an earmark of civilization but an absolute prerequisite.” – Edward P. Scharfenberger, quoted in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC, for March 1, also in THE FREEMAN, Aug. 74 & THE INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, Jan. 75.

PROPERTY: Bastiat warned that the social architects tended to base their programs upon the assumption that property came into existence because there were laws, whereas in fact, laws had come into existence because there was property. Thus, property was a right so basic to human nature that it came before political organization. (*) “… Property, the right to enjoy the fruits of one’s labor, the right to work, to develop, to exercise one’s faculties, according to one’s own understanding, without the state intervening otherwise than by its protective action (**) – this is what is meant by liberty.” - - … For Bastiat, the words “property” and “liberty” merely expressed two aspects of the same fundamental idea. In his view liberty was connected with the act of production, while property was connected with the thing produced. In any real sense one was not possible without the other. – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.212. - (*) Most political and territorial organizations came rather into existence as organizations against property rights. - See e.g. Franz Oppenheimer, The State. - (**) There is never full liberty under a territorial State! – JZ, 23.2.08. They levy taxes or tributes, rates, custom duties, wrongful licensing and registration fees, confiscate, nationalize and municipalize and otherwise wrongfully monopolize and "regulate" or "control". - JZ, 16.2.11. - LIBERTY, LAWS, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICS, TAXATION, TRIBUTES, CONFISCATIONS, NATIONALIZATION

PROPERTY: Because the market rewards individuals according to services rendered, the result is that some persons earn and own more property than do others. Strictly by serving the masses of mankind, some individuals have been made extremely wealthy. They have been given stewardship over vast amounts of property because of their proven capacity to use such scarce resources efficiently in providing the goods and services most sought and most valued by others. But if, for some reason, any present owner of scarce resources loses his touch, fails to serve efficiently, the open competition of the on-going market process soon will bid the property into the hands of some new owner who serves better.” - Paul L. Poirot in THE FREEMAN, 12/75. – PRIVATE PROPERTY AS A PUBLIC SERVICE INSTITUTION

PROPERTY: Between the property holders and the propertyless, who became the majority in many countries, there was, in consequence, no connecting bond, …” - Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy, A Mentor Book, 1955, p.94. - They own themselves. That is, potentially, in the long run, a very large and productive capital. Just add up all the returns that a person in a somewhat developed world can earn through working this capital, his self-ownership, for 35 to 40 years, before he retires. Moderate earnings of A $ 30,000 p.a. do mount up, in 40 years, to A $ 1.2 million! - Even when this capital is not yet optimally utilized, e.g. in employer-employee relationships. - It is up to him or her whether they turn some of these earnings into other productive capital. - And any unskilled couple can, produce an as productive biological "machine" or even several of them. – As for being quite without property: I do not see many nude people in the street. - The connecting bonds are individual rights and liberties! Including all economic liberties, especially full monetary and financial freedom and individual choice of governments and societies! - JZ, 11.9.08. – PROPERTYLESS? POOR PEOPLE, CLASS WARFARE NOTIONS, SELF-OWNERSHIP, LABOR POWER & VALUE & ITS SELF-EXPLOITATION

PROPERTY: beware of those who seek to direct you in the use of your property.” – Jack Pemberton, in THE FREEMAN, 6/76, p.336.

PROPERTY: But above all, a prince must refrain from taking property, for men forget the death of a father more quickly than the loss of their patrimony.” - Niccolo Machiavelli. - TAXATION, CONFISCATIONS, EMINENT DOMAIN, TRUSTEE ACTS, SOCIAL SECURITY LAWS

PROPERTY: But aren’t “human rights” more important than “property rights”? No. Property rights are human rights. Property is literally an extension of the individual. By investing my time in the production (or earning) of food, tools, clothing or other materials, I am embodying my thought and other materials, I am embodying my thought and effort in a fixed material form.” – Dr. Duncan Yuille, Human Rights, a pamphlet written for the Workers Party in the middle 70’s. - I can think of one exception: The owner of an apple tree does not have the right to shoot to death a boy who steals an apple from him. To that extent are the boy’s human rights superior to the apple-tree’s owner’s property rights. However, the owner has a claim against the boy or his parents, however small it may be. Maybe the boy should have to work off his debt to the owner by picking apples for him, for a while. – But when it comes to an adult housebreaker, at night, the owner is, in my opinion, entitled to shoot him, in self-defence, even if that would kill the thief. – For in that case this invader of a household does put the owner’s or occupant's life in danger and the lives of the other occupants of the house, mostly his family members. – The invader does not come for a peaceful and voluntary trade. - JZ, 14.3.08, 16.2.11, 22.1.14. – KILLING IN SELF-DEFENCE IS, MOSTLY, NO CRIME

PROPERTY: But in Moses, the institutor of such a beneficial custom, Proudhon saw not merely the religious leader, but also the father of social reform. He examined the patriarch's teachings, and from his own philological speculations drew the explosive contention that the meaning of the commandment, "Lo thignob", is not 'Thou shalt not steal’, but 'Thou shalt not lay anything aside for thyself. He added to this a declaration of the absolute character of moral law, and a categorical assertion that 'equality of conditions is ... the aim of society’. Finally, he declared that 'Property is the last of the false gods'. He talked against 'cumulative proprietors', he attacked the 'exploiters of the proletariat', and he ended on the challenging note of an imaginary dialogue in which the poor cry out in defiance: 'Proprietors, defend yourselves!"' – George Woodcock: Proudhon, p.39. – Proudhon expressed himself as all too much as a muddle-head on this subject, too. (On his "People's Bank" he never clearly stated whether it is to be a monopoly or central bank or just a competing note-issuing bank.) In other passages he does actually defend property. However, he did not clearly enough distinguish between stolen or robbed property, property arising out of wrongful monopolies and honestly and productively acquired property. He also made the inexcusable mistake to use as a title for one of his books the statement: "Property Is Theft". Already in his time most property was no longer feudalist, i.e. wrongfully acquired property. – Maybe he did correct himself in his so far still unpublished writings. I find no excuse for this omission for those who do have access to these texts. - JZ, 18.4.08, 16.2.11. - PROUDHON 

PROPERTY: can be no conflict between human rights and property rights. The latter are but an aspect of the former. And thus those men who claim to be “placing human rights above property rights” are in reality attacking both.” – Dr Duncan Yuille, Human Rights, a pamphlet written for the Australian libertarian “Workers Party” in the middle 70’s.

PROPERTY: Capitalism denies the banal dichotomy between property values and human values. Property values are human values. Imagine the disjunction when it is applied to a person with a mechanical limb or a cardiac peacemaker. (Or artificial or repaired teeth. – JZ) The workman with his tools and the farmer with his land are almost as dramatic in the exemplification of the identity between a person and his property. – Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77, p. 133.

PROPERTY: Capitalism, according to the dictionaries, commonly means private ownership of the means of production. - Private ownership means that individuals control their own persons, their own energies, and the products of their energies. It prevails to the extent that individuals do not restrain or interfere with one another as they use, exchange (sell) or give away what they find unclaimed or abandoned, what they make, and what they get from other persons by gift or exchange.” – V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 10/75.

PROPERTY: Changing an un-owned thing makes it yours.” – Farting into the air does not give you exclusive rights to the thus polluted air but only to the gas you had produced. – JZ, 13.8.87. – If you can catch it again. Nobody else will mind, if you can and do. - On that principle someone who urinates, while bathing, into a river, lake or ocean, would thus come to own it and any smoker could lay his claim to the whole atmosphere, just like any imperialistic territorialist attempts to claim this whole planet for himself. - What, on Earth, is really quite un-owned? - JZ, 16.2.11, 22.1.14. 

PROPERTY: Chodorov points out that freedom of disposition is the substance of property rights.” - E. Raymond Pastor, LAISSEZ FAIRE REVIEW, 3-4/74. – As if its use for the own purposes, e.g. some basic tools, were not also part of the substance of property rights. - JZ, 22.1.14. - USAGE RIGHTS

PROPERTY: Classical liberals believe states are created to protect property rights. I believe states are created to violate property rights. - Roy Halliday, in: Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – Territorial States may be the least suitable organizations to protect property rights. – JZ, 26.3.12. - RIGHTS, STATES, LIMITED GOVERNMENTS & CLASSICAL LIBERALS

PROPERTY: Clearly, the socialist who asserts that the group (or the state, or the people, or any other euphemism he chooses to use for his gang) can own property, but that the individual cannot, is fallaciously to regard (fallaciously regarding? - JZ) the collective as an entity above and beyond its constituent members. But only individuals exist; and either the individual has the capacity of ownership or he does not.” – Dr Duncan Yuille, Human Rights, a pamphlet written for the libertarian Australian Workers Party in the middle 70’s.

PROPERTY: Communal property is, inherently, largely un-protectable. - JZ, 78. – Almost anyone can abuse it and often does, e.g. by littering. – The main abuse is that of the State’s property and of its “revenue” or rather tribute-gathered funds. - JZ, 21.3.09.

PROPERTY: Democracies have been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and in general have been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their death.” – James Madison. - Territorial democracies are incentives and opportunities for aspiring dictators and tyrants and provide insufficient safeguards against them. Alas, the panarchistic alternatives to them remain largely unknown or unappreciated, even by people like Ayn Rand. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. - At least, by now, the number of search results in Google, when searching for e.g. "panarchy" and "panarchism" is growing. - JZ, 16.2.11. (Panarchy = 41.200 results, panarchism - 71,700 results. – Panarchy = 119,000 results, panarchism = 7,640 results. Totals in 2011, = 112,900, & in 2014 = 126,640. – JZ, 22.1.14.) - SECURITY, DICTATORSHIPS & DEMOCRACY, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM

PROPERTY: Depriving you of your property is depriving you of the means by which you live…” - John Hospers, in “The Libertarian Alternative.”

PROPERTY: Distributivism was an attempt to restore the system, which its supporters believed to have existed in the Middle Ages, when the ownership of property was spread out among the members of the community. To be free, a citizen must own property, and the associative or distributivist state would maintain such a situation in being. They attacked the party system, and advocated a form of functional representation.” – David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.111. - PLURALISM

PROPERTY: Distritutivists differed from guild socialists principally in their insistence that property should be owned by individuals and small groups rather than by the State or large corporations. – David Nicholls, Three Varieties of Pluralism, conclusion, p.54, referring to H. Belloc, An Examination of the National Guild System, The New Age, N.S. 13:23, 2.10.1913, p.656f. - DISTRIBUTIVISTS

PROPERTY: Dr Bayes continues, 'Intangible, or incorporeal, rights which we Americans value as priceless, such as those guaranteed by the Constitution, being things owned and involving the right to act, are property. This means that such rights as the rights to free speech, to worship, to peaceful assembly, and to due process, are all property. If they are property, then the rights involved are essentially property rights. There is no right which is not property, and there is no property which, if not a right in itself, is not a fruit of the exercise of a right." - The Incredible Breadmachine. – I see in this only a senseless and fruitless as well as confusing over-extension of genuine property rights in physical things, including one’s own life. Freedom of information may infringe privacy, while copyrights and patent rights are merely legal claims to “property” in expressions and ideas, already invalidated as absolute right by their time limits. Calling them all property rights does not clearly enough express and define them and set their limitations. It is hardly better than “defining” them as gifts or privileges granted by a God. Natural laws, liberties and rights were and are much better concepts. Trying to reduce all individual rights and liberties to a single right does not clarify them. – It is like saying that each owns his soul, an invisible and unmeasurable and immaterial “spirit” that is only supposed to exist by religious believers. - JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: Empty pockets make empty heads.” – William Carlos Williams, “Raleigh Was Right”, Selected Poems, 1949. –  One can also rightly say that empty heads tend to produce empty pockets. One does not need much money to enlighten oneself - if one seriously attempts to do so, using every free and affordable options for this. What is the price for yesterday’s newspapers and most older magazines? – JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: Equal liberty in the property sphere, is such a balance between the liberty to take and the liberty to keep that the two liberties may coexist without conflict or invasion.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, Instead of a Book, 1893. – Taking what? Thieves and robbers might also argue like this. Their “excuse” would be that they would merely restore the balance between the haves and the have-nots. – JZ, 21.3.09. – It makes more sense to speak of the liberty to make and to exchange things or services. – There is only a right and liberty to accept what is freely offered but not to take anything from others without their consent. - JZ, 22.1.14. - EGALITARIANISM, CRIME

PROPERTY: essential, unalterable right in nature, engrafted into the British constitution as a fundamental law, and ever held sacred and irrevocable by the subjects within the realm, that what a man has honestly acquired is absolutely his own, which he may freely give, but cannot be taken from him without his consent.” – Samuel Adams, The Massachusetts Circular Letter, Feb. 11, 1768. - So why did and do they put up with compulsory taxation? – Actually, at least in the first part of the American Revolution, they did not and simply paid no taxes. That was one of the motives for this revolution’s leadership to “finance” it through the issue of legal tender paper money, which contributed much to its prolongation and its bloodiness and revolutionary violence against the remaining royalists, together with the territorialism of the revolutionaries. - JZ, 30.3.08. - PROPERTY RIGHTS, TAXATION, TAX TRIBUTE LEVIES, FEES FOR COMPULSORY LICENSING & REGISTRATION, MONOPOLY “PRICES” & “FEES” FOR MONOPOLIZED SERVICES

PROPERTY: Even the commonest rights of individual free action and of property, - which are almost convertible terms, - are dependent upon established law.”– J. Toulmin Smith: Local Self-Government and Centralisation, p.8. – Rather, upon established principles or customs. – JZ, 21.2.08. – There were at least some property rights recognized by natural law relationships, e.g. in the self-made tools or in those one had traded something for. Australian Aborigines had trade routes across the continent for small and easily portable items. Each free trade act already recognized property rights. – JZ, 21.3.00.FREEDOM

PROPERTY: Eventually, certainly not in this generation, people generally will come to the realization that proprietary administration, of properties and service organizations, for profit, in open competition, is not only far superior to political administration, it ultimately will become recognized as the only way to do it.” - ERC WORLD MARKET PERSPECTIVE, 15.10.75. - Proprietary administration will include all kinds of self-management schemes, including productive cooperatives and partnerships and extensive employee-shareholding, which will reduce the disadvantages of the employer-employee relationship. – JZ, 13.3.08. - It will not include the proprietary administration of whole territories because they and their populations cannot be rightfully owned. - JZ, 16.2.11. – STATE SOCIALISM, NATIONALIZATION, MUNICIPALIZATION, LEGALIZED MONOPOLLIES, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY UNDER TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP & SECESSIONISM UNDER PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS

PROPERTY: Every man has by nature the right to possess property as his own. This is one of the chief points of distinction between man and lower animals.” – Pope Leo XIII, Rerum Novarum, May 15, 1891. - The first and fundamental principle, therefore, if one would undertake to alleviate the condition of the masses, would be the inviolability of private property.” – Ibid, with the latter quote reproduced in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC and also in George Seldes, The Great Quotations and in THE FREEMAN, 12/78. – Provided that it was rightfully acquired in the first place. Otherwise the stolen or robbed property could become rightfully the property of the thief or robber. – JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: everybody should have a right to property, that is, to the product of his or her personal work.” – Sofya Bardina. – Quoted and summed up in Vera Broido: Apostles into Terrorists, p. 136. – She should have added: and to the products freely exchanged for his goods, labours and services. – Otherwise, e.g., who could come to own a house that he has not built himself? – Or, for that matter, as Leonard E. Read brilliantly pointed out, even a mere pencil or a can of beans? - JZ, 25.10.85, 30.3.08. Do e.g. children no right to the property of their parents after the parents died? – JZ, 21.3.09. – INHERITANCE, GIFTS & DONATIONS CAN ALSO BRING PROPERTY QUITE RIGHTFULLY

PROPERTY: Few rich men own their own property, the property owns them.” – Robert G. Ingersoll, 1833-99, speech in New York, Oct. 29. – All to often they are more or less possessed to strive and work for more and more possessions. – JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: Finally, we recognized that man is most inclined to produce an abundance when his property rights are held inviolable.” – Jackson Pemberton, THE FREEMAN, 7/76. – If property rights were quite inviolable, then trade would be impossible. Everyone would be stuck with whatever he had produced and could not exchange it for the goods and services of others. Every trade involves the peaceful and mutually profitable alienation of some property of one’s own, for the wanted property of someone else, with which one has to become familiar. So much of rights and liberties remains still to be fully and optimally expressed in an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties. Anyone interested in working towards it? – Like Diogenes with his lamp I have looked in vain, not only for years but for decades for such people! - JZ, 21.3.09. - ABUNDANCE, AFFLUENCE, PROSPERITY, LIVING STANDARD, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES: IS ANYONE INTERESTED IN IT, EXCEPT MYSELF? –

PROPERTY: For Bastiat, the words ‘property’ and ‘liberty’ merely expressed two aspects of the same fundamental idea. In his view, liberty was connected with the act of production, while property was connected with the thing produced. In any real sense, one was not possible without the other.” - Roche III, Bastiat, p.212. – Freedom of exchange is also  involved with property, not only production and not only things are produced and exchanged but also services. – JZ, 22.1.14. – LIBERTY, FREEDOM TO PRODUCE & EXCHANGE, THINGS AS WELL AS SERVICES

PROPERTY: For property is not really mine unless others may be compelled from encroaching on it. – Jeffrie G. Murphy, Kant: The Philosophy of Right, p.128. – The air we breathe and the water we need to survive, we do have to share with all the air-breathing living beings on earth, separated from their consumption of these necessities only by some gaps in space and time. That also imposes an obligation on all moral and rational beings to leave air and water of their planet as unpolluted as is humanly possible, practical and economical, seeing our survival needs. No one has the right to slowly poison others through his activities. – Any such actions should lead to class action rights of the others against him. – JZ, 21.3.09, 22.1.14. – POLLUTION, RIGHT TO CLEAN AIR & WATER

PROPERTY: For the private property is “the essence of liberty”, in it lies the foundation of the rule of man over himself.” – Heinz Schumacher, Proudhon’s Mutualisierung des Kredits, S. 21, referring to Proudhon’s “Contradictions”. („Denn das Privateigentum ist “das Wesen der Freiheit”; in ihr liegt der Grund der Herrschaft des Menschen ueber sich selbst.“)

PROPERTY: for the trouble with governmental property is not so much that it is governmental … but that it is illegitimate, unjust, and criminal …” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.55. - GOVERNMENT PROPERTY

PROPERTY: For years there has been a long and tireless argument about property rights versus human rights. Yet even a small child could figure out that property has no “rights”. Only humans have rights. However, the rights which humans have areproperty”. - The Incredible Breadmachine, p.139/40, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 10/75, p.610. -

PROPERTY: free and just commonwealth in which "property rushes from the idle and imbecile to the industrious, brave and persevering." - John Willima Draper (?) - Emerson, according to The Free Man's Almanac.

PROPERTY: Freedom and Property are directly connected: one favours the distribution of wealth, the other makes production possible.” – Ch. de Brouchere, General Principles of Political Economy. – FREEDOM, FREE MARKETS, MONETARY FREEDOM, LAISSEZ FAIRE LAISSEZ PASSER

PROPERTY: Freedom in society means that persons as well as their property are secure from arbitrary invasion.” – Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral’s Log II, p.117. – Where was or is that actually the case? – JZ, 13.3.08. – Does legalized invasion make it right? – JZ, 12.4.08. - From the viewpoint of individual natural rights even legislated invasions are still arbitrary ones. - JZ, n.d. – Even under freedom in society we are always invaded by e.g. some bacteria, viruses, insect pests and other and parasites and are far from secure by such arbitrary invasions by “aliens”. – JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: Freedom is a condition in which a person’s ownership rights in his own body and his legitimate material property are not invaded, are not aggressed against. A man who steals another man’s property is invading and restricting the victim’s freedom, as does the man who beats another over the head. (*) Freedom and unrestricted property right go hand in hand.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty, p.43. (*) Untrue, whenever the other is an aggressive criminal. – JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden; give him a nine years lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert. … The magic of PROPERTY turns sand to gold.” - Arthur Young, journal entries for July 30 and November 7, 1787, Travels …, 2d ed., vol. 1, pp. 51, 88 (1794, reprinted 1970). – Rock needs something more than being crushed into sand to become turned into the “gold” of fertile soil. – Poetic licence often does not sufficiently clarify. - JZ, 21.3.09, 22.1.14. - SECURITY OF PROPERTY, ROCK, SAND & FERTILE SOIL

PROPERTY: Give no bounties, make equal laws, secure life and property, and you will not need to give alms. Open the doors of opportunity to talent and virtue, and they will do themselves justice and property will not be in bad hands. In a free and just commonwealth, property rushes from the idle and imbecile to the industrious, brave, and persevering. The level of the sea is not more surely kept than is the equilibrium of value in society by demand and supply; and artifice and legislation punish themselves by reactions, gluts and bankruptcies.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson. – I see no clear hint here that monetary despotism interferes with this automatic balance and that it has to be replaced by full monetary freedom, including competing, optional and market rated currencies and clearing house certificates and accounts and competing and optional value standards. – This is much more than a minor detail, as every inflation, deflation and stagflation teaches to the sufficiently observant. - JZ, 30.3.08. - ALMS, CHARITY, PHILANTHROPY, WEALTH, POVERTY, OPPORTUNITY, DEMAND & SUPPLY, LAWS, LEGISLATION, LAISSEZ FAIRE ECONOMICS, MONTARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM VS. MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM, TAXATION, CRISES

PROPERTY: Give only your used bullets to those who are after your property. - JZ, 75. – Whenever they attempt to steal or rob it from you, unwilling to make you an attractive payment offer. – JZ, 21.3.09, 16.2.11. – Girls and women should have the same answer to those, who would rape the woo them. – JZ, 22.1.14. -  SELF-DEFENCE, THIEVES, ROBBERS, MUGERS, MURDERERS, RAPISTS

PROPERTY: Gladstone declared that money was most fruitful when left in private pockets.” – S. Hutchinson Harris, in The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.338. – If it remains stuck there then it will not be very fruitful, either. It has to be spent or invested to become fruitful. – JZ, 21.3.09. 

PROPERTY: Godwin thinks – and repeats constantly – that you should act to benefit others, and that you should give away property in excess of your needs, but stresses again and again that there should be no use of violence – either individual or governmental – to achieve these ends. – LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 3/75. – Actually, the greatest give-aways of property (foundations) and the greatest continuous expenditures on charity happen in those societies where private property is still widely respected. - JZ, 13.3.08. – However, I believe that much more could be achieved - via insurance and personal or industrial credits on a stable value basis and under full monetary and financial freedom. – One should distinguish between the natural sharing with family members, friends and neighbours from the indiscriminate sharing with any strangers showing up or otherwise proclaiming their “need” for our property. Why don’t the beggars have something to share with or to trade you? Why were they not insured? Why could they not get any credit? Is their condition self-caused or were they victimized? – JZ, 21.3.09 – ALTRUISM VS. RATIONAL SELFISHNESS, CHARITY, BENEVOLENCE, PHILANTHROPY, SHARING, BEGGING, INSURANCE CREDIT, SAVINGS, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

PROPERTY: government ... gives you the one-sided choice of paying property taxes or losing your property. So, as economist F. A. Harper has pointed out, you don't actually own anything; you rent from the government. Sales between individuals are only exchanges of the privilege of renting property from the government. He who doesn't pay the annual rental is forcibly evicted from his property.” – Harry Browne, How I Found Freedom ... p.94. - Here, again, property is equalized with landed property although this is only a special case and might not fall under property at all, if this is properly defined. – JZ, n.d.

PROPERTY: He that hath nothing is frightened at nothing.” – Thomas Fuller, M.D., Gnomologia, 1732, 2150. – Of nothing? - If he has not any movable other property, then he still has self-ownership and under conditions of full freedom that could lead him to relative comforts, self-earned, relatively fast. – (Compare e.g. the numerous immigrants to relatively free countries, who went from poverty to prosperity rather fast. – JZ, 21.3.09.) (If they have nothing more than the clothing they were, they mayt still be assaulted by some drunk or racist or other bully or a bad apple policeman. More USA Americans were killed by all too flawed policemen than were killed in the war in Afghanistan. – JZ, 22.1.14.) If poor criminals tackled the restrictions upon their economic liberties and rights with the same courage and determination that they commit their crimes with, against their victims, then they could be relatively well off, in the future. – But instead of doing this, they “take” wrongful “shortcuts” at the expense of others. - JZ, 13.3.08. – (The Welfares States do also take similar and wrongful “short-cuts”. – JZ, 21.3.09.) The more proprietors there are in the world, the more peaceful it will tend to become. – Even during the total war of WW II some property, situated in enemy countries, was spared in bombing raids. But are all current proprietors as well as those who own almost nothing but their own lives, and thinking and working power, as yet sufficiently frightened of the risk of nuclear war, a war all too well prepared for, which can occur at any time? – As largely feudalistically  “owned” beings (“sheeple” or “voting cattle” of territorial governments), most people are no more afraid of the nuclear war risk than sheep and cattle are of the slaughterhouse waiting for them. Like farm animals they have, so far, also no decision-making power in this sphere, over their own fate. Being “educated” under government control, they are not even prepared to question and deny the monopoly for such decision-making to their presidents, premiers and prime ministers! – Brought up and conditioned to be territorial statists they are also more inclined to attack property rights with their votes than to defend them. – That is part of their Pavlovian governmental conditioning, just like the way they put up with taxes and legal tender paper money and  the central bank’s monopoly for issuing money. – A deconditioning and enlightenment process is required and for that various reference works and institutions, like an Ideas Archive, are required, to accelerate this process of enlightenment. The conventional ones do not work fast and well enough. - JZ, 30.3.08, 23.4.08, 21.3.09. – CRIME & CRIMINALS WITH VICTIMS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, STATISM & EDUCATION, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM, ENLIGHTENMENT, NEW DRAFT, EDUCATION, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES VS. STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

PROPERTY: He who has something has self-respect; he who hasn't got anything hasn't any self-respect." - Hans Habe: Off Limits, chapter: A whore's rummy party. – Not only whores still own their labour power and under freedom and full employment it is pretty well paid. But do they bother, as a rule, to try to help bring that freedom and full employment about, any more than the average guy in the street? – JZ, 21.3.09, 16.2.11. – Lack of interest in monetary, financial and general economic freedom and in other individual rights and liberties, ignorance, popular errors, prejudice, myths etc. are the main cause of the present unsatisfactory political, social and economic conditions, not just poverty or lack of property. Even under present still all too limited individual rights and liberties may immigrants have gone from “rags to riches” in a generation. – JZ, 22.1.14.

PROPERTY: Here, then, according to Professor Burgess, we have surrendered to government our two most precious natural rights, i.e., the right to life and the right to acquire, preserve, and enjoy property which, in its ultimate effect, is the right to sustain life.” – Ben Moreell, Log I, p.118.

PROPERTY: How can you trust people who are poor and own no property? …. Inequality of property will exist as long as liberty exists.” - Alexander Hamilton. - One should not entrust anyone with voting powers over the rights and liberties of others - unless this is done only for the largely like-minded voluntary members of a panarchy or exterritorially autonomous community, who are also remaining free to secede. - JZ, 26.11.02, 22.1.14. - FRANCHISE, VOTING, POOR, INEQUALITY, POVERTY, PANARCHISM, VOTING

PROPERTY: How sweet an emotion is possession! What charm is inherent in ownership! What a foundation for vanity, even for the greater quality of self-respect, lies in a little property!” – David Grayson, Adventures in Contentment, 1907, p.3. – Compare e.g. the time and energy most people spend on keeping their cars clean and shiny and also their personal appearance and their homes. – JZ, 30.3.08. – If only they kept the contents of their brains as clean and orderly! Alas, usually, there is all too much wrongness or chaos within, especially when it comes to the so-called “social sciences”. – JZ, 23.4.08. – Our most important and often greatest property is the one we are born with: The self-ownership of our bodies and minds. They can bring us great returns – if we bother to use them wisely. – JZ, 21.3.09.

PROPERTY: Human rights are more important than property rights.” - If you cannot or will not think out for yourself that property rights are human rights, then you are not a proper human being but rather a beast of prey that deserves, sometimes, even to be shot whenever it molests and interferes with a real human being and his or her property, or other individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 22.3.82, 21.3.09, 22.1.14. - THEFT, ROBBERY, TAXES, SELF-DEFENCE.

PROPERTY: Hume noticed clearly the connection of these doctrines of freedom, and how the maximum freedom of all requires equal restraints on the freedom of each (*) through what he called the three ‘fundamental laws of nature’: ‘the stability of possession, of its transference by consent, and of the performance of promises.’ (1739/1886:II, 288,293) …” - Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.34. - (*) Rather, equal individual liberties and rights for all others, who are neither private criminals or official aggressors. Their rights and freedoms being the only “restraint” required. – I do not hold that these three “laws” do sufficiently cover all individual rights and liberties, which are, to a large extent, inter-dependent. Neither Hume nor Hayek, for instance, recognized individual secessionism. – Neither bothered to clearly define all of the “fundamental laws of nature”. Such short phrases do not cover the field sufficiently. – The critics and terrible simplifiers, did not confine themselves to a few words on other subjects, they considered to be important but wrote whole books on them, instead, believing that to be necessary. Individual rights and liberties were and are mostly of so little interest to them that they confined themselves to short generalities like Hayek did in the above remark. He did not confine his criticism of State Socialism and Welfare States to a single sentence either but wrote a book about it. - JZ, 18.2.08, 23.1.14. - FREEDOM, CONSENT, CONTRACTS, PROMISES

PROPERTY: I am against all legally and artificially established monopolies, like patents and copyrights because I am for genuine private property rights. Ideas, wordings and inventions that can be endlessly and cheaply duplicated are not exclusive properties, no more so than words are, the air or the oceans. They all resulted from the appropriation of numerous prior ideas and inventions. Only the honour to have been their first producer can be owned and should not be denied to anyone. That honour can also be turned into money by free market means. Monopolies are not the best way to promote anything and are not right by themselves. That is already recognized by copyrights and patents being time-limited. – JZ, 6.3.87, 30.3.08. – PATENTS & COPYRIGHTS, INVENTIONS, DISCOVERIES

PROPERTY: I keep what I EARN. Do you disagree? Tell me how much of what I earn ‘belongs” to you AND WHY. – Chris Lyspooner added a new photo. Facebook, 18.2.12. – EARNINGS, OWNERSHIP, TAXATION, TAXATION, Q.

PROPERTY: I laid my bones to, and drudged for the good I possess; it was not got by fraud, nor by luck, but by work, and you must show me a warrant like these stubborn facts in your fidelity and labor before I suffer you, on the faith of a few fine words, to ride into my estate, and claim to scatter it as your own.” – R. W. Emerson, The Conservative, 1841.

PROPERTY: I protest that in criticizing property, or rather the whole body of institutions of which property is the pivot, I never meant either to attack the individual rights recognized by previous laws, or to dispute the legitimacy of acquired possessions, or to instigate an arbitrary distribution of goods, or to put an obstacle in the way of free and regular acquisition of properties by bargain and sale; or even to prohibit or suppress by sovereign decree land-rent and interest on capital.” - Proudhon, The General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century, as quoted by R. A. Wilson.

PROPERTY: I realize that the right to possess the fruits of one’s toil is the keystone of society and even of human life. - I realize that exchange is implicit in the idea of property, and that restrictions on exchange shake the foundations of our right to own anything. - I approve of your devotion to the defense of this freedom, whose triumph will usher in justice among all nations and consequently will eliminate international hatreds and prejudices and the wars that follow in their train.” – Bastiat, quoted in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.49.

PROPERTY: I want every man to be a man of property.” - Margaret Thatcher, quoted in NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, 9/84. - What about every woman? – In America, due to the longer life-span of most women, women are already in charge of an extraordinary large percentage of all its capital property. - JZ, 13.3.08. - What did she do to stop the robbery of taxation? - JZ, 12.4.08.

PROPERTY: If an individual’s property is seized from him by force (or threat of force), his right to his property does not transfer to the robber. This fact is not altered whether the robber is acting alone or is a member of a gang of robbers. Even if a majority of individuals in a given geographic area sanctions the robbery, the owner has not lost his right to his property.” - Garban F. Kuskey, THE FREEMAN, Nov. 73. - TAXATION, MAJORITIES, RIGHTS

PROPERTY: If history could teach us anything, it would be that private property is inextricably linked with civilization.” - Ludwig von Mises. - There are high and low states of civilization. Those not based on private property never reach the higher civilization, the widest spread of wealth, culture, rights and liberties. - JZ, 17.2.11. - , CIVILIZATION & HISTORY

PROPERTY: If I own my own house, it follows that I may decorate it as I please and live in it with whom I please. If I control my own business, it follows that I may charge what I please for my production or service, hire whom I please on my own terms, and keep all the fruits of my labour. For anyone to attempt to limit my freedom of choice with respect to my own property is to violate my rights.” - Dr Duncan Yuille, Human Rights, a pamphlet written for the Workers Party in the middle 70’s.

PROPERTY: if in the nature of things a law of property operates, the result of trying to defy it is to discourage the production of things that can be owned. - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.64.

PROPERTY: If one claims that men have a right to property, one does not mean that this right should be contingent upon the payment of a fee to a government or ‘protection money’ to private criminals.” - R. A. Childs Jr., LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 10/7/72. - Any legalized monopoly for protection services is also wrong as an offence against a very basic individual rights and liberties, e.g. those of self-defence, freedom of contract, association, enterprise sovereignty and consumer sovereignty. – JZ, 23.1.14. - TAXATION & OTHER PROTECTION RACKETS

PROPERTY: If one is not free to use that which one has produced, one does not possess the right of liberty.” – John Hospers, in “The Libertarian Alternative.” – Property includes the control of one’s property, i.e. absence of taxation of it and earnings from it, absence of compulsory registration and licensing, free trade, world-wide, with it and its products and services. – The wrongful but legalized restrictions upon property and its control by its owners do go into millions. - JZ, 23.1.14.

PROPERTY: If only everybody would safely own what he earns, then generally everything would go well enough.” – Johann Gottlieb Seume. – (“Wenn nur jeder sicher haette, was er verdiente, so wuerde alles allgemein gut genug gehen.”) - That earnings requires freedom to exchange and that this requires e.g. monetary freedom, freedom of association, freedom to migrate, freedom of expression and information, freedom of contract - is not clearly enough indicated here. One cannot clearly enough express everything required in a single word or sentence, although the tendency to attempt to do so is very strong. - JZ, 17.2.11. - TAXATION & SECURITY OF EARNINGS

PROPERTY: If someone, after the development of anti-gravity and perfect insulation, landed on the sun and claimed it for himself – like Captain Cook claimed Australia for his Queen – or was it a King? – could he then charge us all for the delivery of sunlight, from HIS property? – JZ, 16.4.93, free after G. Molinari, Les Soirees de la Rue Saint-Lazare, p.81. – Actually, we all live within the gravity well of the sun, its rays and the very thin “atmosphere” emanating from it to all of its solar system and beyond. To that extent we have all already landed on or in the sun or were born on it or in it. Like all life forms on Earth (apart from some spores from alien planets which survived their space travel to Earth) we are all “children” of the sun. To that extent the ancient “sun worshippers” were correct. – We do already take it and its benefits for granted and are not prepared to pay anyone for it, unless he offers useful conversion goods services in form of e.g. foods, power or sun energy capture equipment. – JZ, 23.1.14. - “RIGHT” OF FIRST OCCUPATION

PROPERTY: If we concede, as I do, that man has a right to his life, it follows that he has a right to sustain life, the sustenance being the fruits of one’s own labor. Private ownership is as sacred as life itself.” - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.86. - LIFE

PROPERTY: If we do not restore the Institution of Property we cannot escape restoring the institution of slavery.” – Hillaire Belloc, The Servile State, 1913. – To a large extent we have done so already via various taxes, including the inflation tax. – JZ, 14.3.08. - TAXATION, SLAVERY, INFLATION

PROPERTY: If we hold that the individual should have the right to own all what he has earned by his efforts or in free exchange - then we believe in private property.” - George Hardy, The Doom of the Welfare Society, p.51. - This does not cover e.g. gifts and inheritance. – JZ

PROPERTY: If we would have civilization and the exertion indispensable to its success, we must have property; if we have property, we must have its rights; if we have the rights of property, we must take those consequences of the rights of property which are inseparable from the rights themselves.” - James Fenimore Cooper. - RIGHTS, CIVILIZATION, RESPONSIBILITIES, DUTIES

PROPERTY: In a country like the United States, where the right to property is placed above the law, where the sole function of the public police force is to safeguard this natural right, each person can in full confidence dedicate his capital and his labor to production. He does not have to fear that his plans and calculations will be upset from one instant to another by the legislature.” (*) Bastiat, quoted in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p. 244. - If this was ever the case in the USA, this was a long time ago! – JZ, 13.3.08. - Probably Bastiat idealized here even the USA of his time. The USA did practise slavery in some States, protectionism in the North, the postal monopoly, taxation, and, generally, territorialism. And did it recognize property rights for Red Indians, and for women? Also a degree of monetary despotism by law prevailed, although not as extensively as it became later. - (*) Just as an instance: The local government in the Mittagong, NSW area, at least, plans presently to prescribe a minimum size of blocks of land for developments, thereby outlawing subdivisions. With this measure it would unilaterally wipe out hundred-thousands of the dollar values of larger blocks, which amounts to expropriation, without indemnification, while as a result of this measure the value of the remaining smaller blocks, for housing, would be greatly increased. – Anyhow, by enforcing rate payments from land owners and by various imposed building restrictions the local governments have already for a long time denied full property rights in this sphere. Inherently, genuine human rights, including property rights, should always be above the law. - JZ, 23.2.08. – “Once upon a time …” is the beginning of many fairy tales. – Even the people in the USA were never quite enlightened and quite free and did not know and appreciate all individual rights and liberties that a few people had already discovered and somewhere put in writing. We may still discover some more rights and liberties centuries from now. – But at least those, already found and expressed somewhere, should become optimally expressed in a single declaration, also with sufficient commentaries. – JZ, 13.1.14. - LAWS, LEGISLATION, LOCAL GOVERNMENT, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDIUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES – THE ALMOST GENERALLY NEGLECTED & PERHAPS MOST IMPORTANT JOB.

PROPERTY: In a modern economy, in brief, those who save and invest can hardly help but serve the public. As Mises has put it: "In the market society the proprietors of capital and land can enjoy their property only by employing it for the satisfaction of other people's wants. They must serve the consumers in order to have any advantage from what is their own. The very fact that they own means of production forces them to submit to the wishes of the public. Ownership is an asset only for those who know how to employ it in the best possible way for the benefit of the consumers. It is a social function." - Mises, Human Action, 1966, p.684. - CAPITALISTS, WEALTH, RICHES, SAVINGS & INVESTMENTS

PROPERTY: In America today hundreds of individuals each day have their homes confiscated to make room for municipal parking lots; … Neither the law nor the people in office recognize the human right to own property and to use it in line with one’s judgment even if others disapprove.” - Tibor Machan, in reason, 10/78. – EMINENT DOMAIN?

PROPERTY: In essence, economics is the study of property rights. Without scarce resources property rights are pointless. The allocation of scarce resources in a society is the assignment of rights to uses of resources.” - A. A. Alchian: Pricing and Society, p.6, IEA paper 17.

PROPERTY: In my "System of Economic Contradictions" (of 1846), I reiterated and confirmed my first definition of property and then added another, quite contrary one based on considerations of quite a different kind. But this neither destroyed nor was destroyed by my first argument. This new definition was: property is liberty. Property is theft; property is liberty: these two propositions stand side by side in my "System of Economic Contradictions" and each is shown to be true.” – Proudhon, Property, p.37. –  – How much confusion in the social sciences would have been avoided if he had clearly distinguished between “property” in monopolies and property that is earned or otherwise rightfully acquired? – JZ, 23.4.08. - & LIBERTY

PROPERTY: In other words, these enduring moral principles require of us respect for the property rights of other people – that is, respect for their rights to control their own persons and for their rights to control those things which they obtain in voluntary cooperation, whether by gift, by voluntary exchange, or by the productive use of these things.” – V. Orval “Watts, in THE FREEMAN, I/71. – Also, at least from “respect for” onwards, in THE FREEMAN, 3/72.

PROPERTY: In our time the most obvious denial of human rights appears in the area of each person’s right to property. This right, derived from the natural rights to life and liberty, means that we should all be left free do produce, trade, exchange or consume what there is available in nature – either because no one has touched it or because some are willing to make it possible for us to do so (via the free market place.)” – Tibor R. Machan, NEW GUARD, 7/78. – Does this mean that anyone would have the right to kill even the last rhinoceros, elephant, eagle, whale or dolphin, just because no one has so far touched him before? – JZ, 13.3.08. -

PROPERTY: In the history of the world, no one has ever washed a rented car.” – Lawrence Summers - While this may be a very rare action, it is probably true in most cases. However, if you borrowed or rented a car from a close friend, you would probably wish to return it quite clean. Newlyweds using a rented car, might also be interested in giving it an extra shine. - Too many give in to the drive to formulate a new “law” and then express it in all too general form. - JZ, 23.1.14. - RIGHTS & INTERESTS, JOKES, RESPONSIBILITY & SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

PROPERTY: In the market society the proprietors of capital and land can enjoy their property only by employing it for the satisfaction of other people’s wants. They must serve the consumer in order to have any advantage from what is their own. The very fact that they own means of production forces them to submit to the wishes of the public. Ownership is an asset only for those who know how to employ it in the best possible way for the benefit of the consumers. It is a social function.” – Mises, Human Action, 1966, p.684. - A utilitarian view, not a natural law or human rights view. – JZ, 13.3.08. - He should have said: A productive asset, rather than merely on used or consumed. - JZ, 17.2.11. – BUSINESSMEN, OWNERS, PROPRIETORS, CAPITALISTS, ENTREPRENEURS, CORPORATIONS, SHARE COMPANIES, RICH, WELTHY, PROSPEROUS PEOPLE, THE 1 %

PROPERTY: in the posthumous Théorie de la Propriété … What Proudhon does is to change his definition of property; when he now justifies it as the safeguard of liberty, he is thinking, not of the usurial property he condemned in his earlier works, but of the property that guarantees the independence of the peasant and the artisan. He raises a new antinomy - property versus the State. Property represents individualism, the State is the extreme negation of individual liberty, and Proudhon therefore seeks an adjustment of property, which will help men to control their own destinies independently of the State. - This, he hopes, can be accomplished by a series of social checks designed to prevent abuses in either direction. The mutualist institutions of free credit and association will prevent abuses of property; decentralization and federal organization will save men from the impositions of the State. Property without principle is evil; property governed by principle can become the support of society ‘against the assaults of an unbridled industrialism’. – Because of his changes in definition, Proudhon appears more conservative, but the alterations are not radical, since he continues to uphold the basic right of the producer to retain property in a mitigated form because he can see no other protection for the freedom of ordinary men in a world where the sense of justice is not so well developed as he would wish. …” - George Woodcock, Proudhon, p.239. - Unbridled industrialism? - JZ - PROUDHON, FREE CREDIT OR FREEDOM IN CREDIT ARRANGEMENTS, INCLUDING INTERESTRATES?

PROPERTY: Indeed, without property rights, no other rights are possible. Depriving you of property is depriving you of the means by which you live.” – D. M. Kulkarni, INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, 5/75. – SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUCAL SOVEREIGNTY

PROPERTY: Individual ownership is another phase of individuality, and is the base of all security against incessant confusion, conflict, repression, and violence. Communism is its exact antipode, and on this account was reasonably objected to by the French Government, in the time of St. Simonism, on the ground that it worked against security of condition.” - Josiah Warren, True Civilization, 1863, p.165, point 498. - The first sentence could also be used to express the effect of panarchism: Panarchism is another phase of individuality, and is the base of all security against incessant confusion, conflict, repression, and violence. – “To each his own!”- here his own “governance system”, voluntary, tolerant and competitive, or his own free society, always by individual choice and with no territorial monopoly. - JZ, 14.3.08.

PROPERTY: Individuals and groups shall be permitted (have the right) to use property legally under their control in any manner they choose, provided that in so doing no damage is inflicted upon the person and/or property of unwilling third parties.” – R. R. Rogge, THE FREEMAN, 3/75. - Should all property require a legal permit or title from the State? - JZ, 17.2.11. 

PROPERTY: Individuals without property to call their own are not free. - Bettina B. Greaves, Free Market Economics, Syllabus, chapter 14, summary. - Self-ownership is also a property right, alas it is one that is all too often not sufficiently developed and exploited by its owners, even when there exists considerable freedom to do so. - JZ, 23.4.08.

PROPERTY: It cannot be said that each one has a right to have some property because if one man had such a right some other man or men would be under a corresponding obligation to provide him with some property. Each has a right to acquire and possess property if he can.” - W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.141.

PROPERTY: It deserves mentioning here, however, that only six years after Mill’s textbook was published, H. H. Gossen, a thinker who is almost wholly overlooked, had anticipated marginal utility theory in already clearly recognizing the dependence or extended production on guidance by prices and emphasizing that ‘only with the establishment of private property can the yardstick be found for the determination of the optimal quantity of each commodity to be produced under given circumstances … The greatest possible protection of private property is definitely the greatest necessity for the continuation of human society.’ (1854/1983:254-5)” - Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.149. - The greatest possible protection of property, in the form of insurance, police and court protection, might cost more than the property is worth and would, thus, be uneconomic. - JZ, 17.2.11. – A leading politician may have dozens of bodyguards – at the expense of his victims - but most ordinary people cannot even afford one, except themselves. – JZ, 23.1.14.

PROPERTY: It gives you the one-sided choice of paying property taxes or losing your property. So, as economist F. A. Harper has pointed out, you don’t actually own anything; you rent from the government. Sales between individuals are only exchanges of the privilege of renting property from the government. He who doesn’t pay the annual rental is forcibly evicted from his property. – Harry Browne, How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World, p.94. – LAND TITLES, OWNERSHIP, RATES, TAXATION, INHERITANCE TAX, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

PROPERTY: It has been argued that the rise of private property rights in large measure explains the Industrial Revolution in the Western World.” – M. Bruce Johnson, reason, July 74. – Without a large degree of freedom to trade the revolution of mass production would not have taken place. Development of sufficient transport option, credit and means of exchange was also required for it and especially monetary despotism held it back greatly. By monetary and financial despotism and other wrongful territorial and legalized interventionism and by them no being understood and abolished through full monetary freedom, accompanied by full financial freedom, and all other free market features, led to the growth of the anti-capitalist and State Socialist mentality, laws and institutions because these statists infringements of free markets, free exchange, capitalism, enterprise and exchange were blamed on the bosses, owners, proprietors, financiers, capitalists, businessmen, entrepreneurs, all classed as exploiters, although their economic liberties and rights were also greatly infringed and thereby the job opportunities and purchasing power of the masses. The wrong diagnoses of the political, economic and social ills lead to the wrong cure, more laws, more statism, more interventionism, more State Socialism and “Welfare States”, more territorialist wrongs and protectionism, internally and externally, also to many wars, revolutions, crises, inflations, deflations, stagflations and all too slow development. – JZ, 23.1.14. - INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM VS. MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, IGNORANCE OF THE ECONOMICS, RIGHTS & LIBERTIES OF FREE MARKETS LED TO BLAMING THE BETTER-OFF PEOPLE AS THE MAIN CULPRITS INSTEAD TO THE PRIMARY WRONG-DOERS, THE STATIST INTERVENTIONISTS. THE ECONOMIES BECAME MISMANAGED BY TERRITORIAL STATES INSTEAD OF BECOMING AUTOMATICALLY SELF-REGULATED BY FREE MARKETS WITH FREE PRODUCERS, CONSUMERS & EXCHANGERS, ALL ACTING THROUGH SELF-INTEREST IN THE COMMON INTEREST. THE FREE MARKETS RELATIONSHIPS OF VOLUNTEERS SHOULD ALSO HAVE BEEN & SHOULD NOW BE REPLACING ALL TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTAL RELATIONSHIPS. WE ARE STILL SUFFERING FROM ALL THESE ORIGINAL ERRORS, MISTAKES, PREJUDICES, FALSE ASSUMPTIONS, FLAWED CONCLUSIONS & WRONGS. LAISSEZ FAIRE, SPONTANEOUS ORDER, NATURAL HARMONIES, RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROPERTY: It is a very interesting fact that, among the founders of religions over the last two thousand years, there have been many who were against property and the family: in fact, I believe that you will find about every ten years some new creator of a religion that is against property and the family. But the only religions that have survived are those, which support property and the family. If you look at the present world, you will find that, with the exception of communism, all the world-wide religions (whether the monotheistic creeds of the West, or the exotic religions of the East) support the two principles of private property and the family. Even though thousands of religious founders have reacted against this and have advocated religious beliefs opposite to these two institutions, their religions have not lasted very long. ‘Not very long’, in this sense, means not more than roughly a hundred years. …” - F. A. Hayek, Knowledge, Evolution & Society, p.48.

PROPERTY: It is as simple as this: If a man has a right to his life - to 'own' himself - it logically follows that he has a right to sustain his life, the sustenance of life being the fruits of one's own labor. Thus, to the extent that one's sustenance is taken, to that extent is life taken - to that extent is one owned instead of owning himself.” - L. E. Read: Having My Way, p.145. – Himself or oneself? –JZ - SELF-OWNERSHIP

PROPERTY: It is good and just that each should be given his own, and the use and possession thereof should be granted him without annoyance.” – Henry More, Enchiridion ethicum, IV, 1667.

PROPERTY: It is impossible for a man to exist without property in one form or another; if the property that sustains your life is controlled by another, so is your life.” - Mark Tier, FREE ENTERPRISE, 8/74.

PROPERTY: It is in the interest of the commercial world that wealth should be found everywhere.” Edmund Burke, 1729-1797. The greatest amount of trade takes place between relatively developed, free and wealthy countries. – JZ, 23.4.08. – Most wealth cannot be simply found but has to be created, through labour of body and mind or through the exchange of what one has to offer in goods or services. – “Society is exchange”, said Bastiat. – Everywhere people should be free to become wealthy in rightful ways. – Under full freedom almost everyone has that option, due to the accumulated knowledge of mankind. The rest should be sufficiently insured, by their parents or by themselves or, temporarily aided by freedom in credit relationships. - JZ, 21.3.09.

PROPERTY: It is more than likely that joint-ownership, and not separate ownership, is the really archaic institution, and that the forms of property which will afford us instruction will be those which are associated with the rights of families and of groups of kindred.” - H. J. S. Maine, Ancient Law, p.153. – In “join-ownership” one should distinguish e.g. between share companies, partnerships and cooperatives and only communistically, nationally, federally, State-wide or communally and, usually, hierarchically owned and administered “common” or “public” or “national”, “federal” or State “property”. – His terms are more appropriate to family and tribal ownership as opposed to individual ownership. – Anyhow, for sovereign individuals there should be contractual freedom on how to use their rights separately or in those kinds of associations that they do prefer for themselves. - JZ, 23.4.08, 21.3.09. – PANARCHISM, FREEDOM FOR ALL KINDS OF SELF-RESPONSIBLE & TOLERANT ASSOCIATIONS, SELF-MANAGEMENTS IN ALL FORMS & SPHERES, COMPANIES, ENTERPRISES & CORPORATIONS, INCLUDING EVEN “COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS”, SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES, ALL ONLY OF VOLUNTEERS & WITHOUT A TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY: PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETES

PROPERTY: It is not so much private versus collectivized property but individual and voluntarily associated property versus coercively collectivized property. – JZ, 28.9.91. – VOLUNTARISM VS. COERCIVE COLLECTIVISM

PROPERTY: It is not the right of property, which is protected, but the right to property. Property, per se, has not rights; but the individual – the man – has three great right, equally sacred from arbitrary interference: the right to his life, the right to his liberty, the right to his property … The three rights are so bound together as to be essentially one right. To give a man his life but deny him his liberty, is to take from him all that makes his life worth living. To give him his liberty but take from him the property which is the fruit and badge of his liberty, is to still leave him a slave.” – George Sutherland, U.S. Supreme Court Justice, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 6/75.

PROPERTY: it is precisely the tax code that constitutes the most serious attack on property.” – Tom Bethell, Property Rights, Taxation, and the Supply-Siders, in: Llewellyn H. Rockwell, ed., The Economics of Liberty, Mises Institute, 1990, p.45. - Taxation is the worst protection racket of all. - JZ, 4.10.07. - It is closely tied to territorialism. Without territorialism every remaining taxation or contribution scheme would be voluntary for its volunteers. - JZ, 17.2.11. - & TAXATION, PROPERTY RIGHTS, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, ABOLITION OF COMPULSORY TAXATION – FOR ALL BUT ITS REMAINING VOLUNTARY SUPPORTERS. THEN IT WOULD, ACTUALLY, BE VOLUNTARY TAXATION AS WELL.

PROPERTY: it is when all people are owners of property that fortunes are most equal and there is work for everyone ...” - Proudhon (S. Edwards ed., p.71.) – Work and sales, at real free market prices, for everyone, will only be achievable when exchange is quite free of all aspects of monetary and financial despotism. – Proudhon was not even clear about whether there was to be one “People’s Bank” for all of France or as many as French people (*) wanted to establish and to utilize. – Quite possibly he had a monopoly for his kind of supposedly ideal central bank in mind. - JZ, 18.4.08. – If people do not have already any property except self-ownership and clothing, then that means, under freedom, that there is much work ahead of them - to acquire it. And, under full freedom, the productive capital of others is, to a large extent, at their disposal for this purpose, under mutually satisfactory conditions. That is daily proven by numerous people changing their jobs for better ones. Not everybody has to own some land to grow his own food. Under large degrees of freedom for food production it is enough when 2 to 3 % of the population engage in food production to produce so much food that obesity rather than hunger becomes a problem. A free capital market offers work opportunities to everyone, provided the sales of the goods and services capitalistically produced is easy. It is not easy as long as exchange media and value standards are monopolized and thus also mismanaged. Nor are capital, trades and labour free enough as long as they are taxed. It is not all merely a question of haves vs. have-nots and have-nots vs. haves. – The flawed thinking, expressed in flawed slogans or statements, is among our greatest problem producers and problem-maintainers. – Typical example: Proudhon’s statement: “Property is theft!” - JZ, 21.3.09. - (*) or even foreigners in France. - JZ, 17.2.11, 23.1.14.

PROPERTY: It should be remembered that the foundation of the social contract is property; and its first condition, that every one should be maintained in the peaceful possession of what belongs to him.” – Jean Jacques Rousseau, A Discourse in Political Economy, 1758. – tr. G. D. H. Cole. – As if they should not also be free to exchange at least some of their properties, to make them all still better off. – JZ, 21.3.09. - SOCIAL CONTRACT, FREEDOM TO EXCHANGE & TRADE

PROPERTY: It was the fundamental faith of a century of freedom-seekers from Locke to Jefferson that freedom for property would in the end result in liberties for man.” – Ray L. Colvard, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 73. – Alas, they overlooked, that quite free exchange, un-interfered with not only by protectionism, price controls etc., but also by monetary and financial despotism, is even more important than freedom to produce and freedom to own the product. What can the rich do, with masses of mass-produced goods and with great service capabilities, if there are not sufficient buyers for them, well enough supplied with sound means of exchange, or clearing certificates, all with a sound value standard, by the monopoly supplier, the government’s central bank for note issue? Think of the masses of produce, laboriously and costly produced, that was destroyed simply because it could not be sold under monetary despotism! Not the right to own it but freedom and opportunity to exchange it was missing. The monetary demand for their output and for their service capacity must be liberated, too. They must become emancipated as exchangers as well. Only then can they and all others fully benefit from their productive capital, service and labour or management capability. That would mean also that all, should be free to issue their own exchange media and clearing certificates, or clearing account credits or IOU notes - in monetary denomination (as optional means of payment, market-rated and refusable and thus just sufficiently supplied) and price them and their goods and services out in more reliable value standards than governments are inclined to offer. – That is the aspect that is usually not seen, while butter mountains and mountains of milk powder and silos full of grains that can’t be sold, under present conditions, are easily seen or described. Capital values are greatly depreciated and do not grow fast enough under monetary and financial despotism. - JZ, 13.3.08, 17.2.11, 14.1.14.

PROPERTY: It will also be important to remember that the true tests of ownership are whether or not you may do anything you desire with your own property, and whether or not anyone else may take all or any part of it from you.” - Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.34. – By this definition there is no private property left on Earth. (*) All is somewhat taxed or restricted, during the life of the owner and after his death, via inheritance taxes. – JZ, 13.3.08. - (*) Except property from black market activities and from crimes. – JZ, 12.4.08. – And that is also illegal, prosecuted and subject to risks, even when there are only voluntary victims, like e.g. users of impure drugs. Instead or preventing and punishing privately committed crimes, the State has become the largest organized crime syndicate – one with a country-wide turf – and the worst criminals on top, acting as if they were heroes, wise people, benefactors, benevolent, just people – while operating with the money forcefully taken from you and others. With its legislation, wars on drugs and wars on poverty, it even multiplies crime, the spread of drug additions and poverty. Its peace “policy” leads again and again to wars and waste in arms races in-between, by its very nature as a territorial Warfare State, in most cases when its size is beyond that of the miniature States. – JZ, 23.1.14. – TERRITORIALISM, WARS ON DRUGS & POVERTY, OFFICIAL CRIMES, LEGALIZED, TAXATION, WELFARE STATE

PROPERTY: It would definitely seem that the best practical guaranty of political freedom is that economic system in which the sources of wealth are privately owned and controlled rather than concentrated in the hands of the State.” - The Incredible Breadmachine, p.119.

PROPERTY: It’s possible to own too much. A man with one watch knows what time it is; a man with two watches is never quite sure.” – Lee Segall - I do admit his first general thesis is true. When one owns very much and is unwilling to delegate the management of one’s property, then one is almost owned by that property, i.e., the labour, care and thought which it involves. - Owning only one watch or clock can be very annoying, especially if it is slow, fast or has stopped and one has not yet noticed this and is depending on accurate timing. Anyhow, having one cheap watch or clock in reserve can do no harm. – I have never as yet owned or wanted to own an expensive watch. – My grownup sons and grandchildren do, mostly, have expensive watches. They did not get them from me. A few seconds or minutes plus or minus have rarely ever mattered to me and the  looks of my possessions even less. - JZ, 23.2.08.

PROPERTY: Just as man can’t exist without his body, so no rights can exist without the right to translate one’s rights into reality – to think, to work and to keep the results – which means: the right of property.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.986.

PROPERTY: Just as political democracy and political freedom means the diffusion and sharing of political power, so economic democracy, economic freedom means the sharing, the diffusion of economic power, that is property, as widely as possible throughout the community.” – Quintin Hogg, The Case for Conservatism, 1947. – But through rightful and voluntary property acquisitions or exchanges only! – JZ, n.d. & 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: Karl Marx professed to believe that when private property was abolished the state would wither away. The available evidence indicates that Marx erred, that far from disappearing the state expands and grows luxuriously until it occupies every nook and cranny of the life of a people when private property is abolished. Marx’s insight was off the mark. It is not the state which withers away when property is abolished, but law, and liberty, and private rights, and justice.” - Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, July 77. – MARX, MARXISM, STATE SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM

PROPERTY: Keep a thing seven years and you will find a use for it.” – Proverb, 17th century. – TRASH, KEEPING THINGS. – Compare: “Turn everything to money. It will always come handy.” – JZ, 28.5.78. And it saves you in storage space. – However, if poverty was in your background and you have spare space, then you tend to become a hoarder of things – just in case … - JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: Leonard Read remarks that possessions reflect a man's values and we are, in a very real sense, that which we own.” - Ridgeway K. Foley Jr., Property, THE FREEMAN, 2/75.

PROPERTY: Let the law defend the rightful owner of property rather than the thief.” – Leonard E. Read, THE FREEMAN, 4/74. – Most laws are more aggressive than defensive or protective. – They, or their makers, seem to have a criminal will of their own. One cannot rely upon them to do the right things. At least not under the powers and monopolies of territorialism. – JZ, n.d. & 2.3.09. - LAWS, SELF-DEFENCE, PROTECTION, PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, MONOPOLIES, STATISM, MIS-LEADERSHIP

PROPERTY: Let the people have property and they will have power - a power that will forever be exerted to prevent the restriction of the press, the abolition of trial by jury, or the abridgment of any other privilege. - Noah Webster, quoted in G. Seldes, The Great Quotations. - Alas, too many proprietors sought legalized privileges for themselves. N. W. was too optimistic. - I still seek, in vain, for enough people to produce between them an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties. How can they have and utilize all such rights and liberties when they show no interest for fully and clearly declaring them? - JZ, 14.3.08, 23.114. - Too many slaves and serfs showed no interest in all rights and liberties, either. - JZ, 17.2.11. - Since there are too many official and unofficial thieves, they would better own rightful arms as well and also be sufficiently trained and organized for their effective use to uphold their individual rights and liberties or to restore them. – JZ, 21.3.09. - POWER, GUNS, PROTECTION, HUMAN RIGHT, AWARENESS & INTEREST INTHEM, DEFENCE, PROTECTION, MILITIA TO DEFEND ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES – BUT NOTHING ELSE!

PROPERTY: Let them take the bolder, the truer, the more manful course. If we believe in property, as a right and just thing; if, as the product of faculties, we believe it to be inseparably connected with freedom itself; if we believe that it is a mere bit of word mockery to tell us, as our socialist friends do, that they are presenting the world with the newest, the most perfect, the most up-to-date form of liberty, whilst from their heights of scorn for liberty they calmly deny to every man and woman the right to employ their faculties in their own way and for their own advantages, offering us in return a system beyond all words petty and irritating, a system that would provoke rebellion even in the nursery, …” - Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.72. – STATISM, NATIONALISM, WARFARE STATE, WELFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICS AS USUAL

PROPERTY: Libertarianism holds that you can 'do your own thing' ONLY if you do the 'thing' with what is yours (either by ownership or voluntary agreement to use another's property)." - Howard Samson, reason, 9/72.

PROPERTY: Liberty consists in the safe and sacred possession of a man’s property.” – Fox, quoted by Wilhelm Roscher, vol. I, p.236.

PROPERTY: Look after your own.” – Proverbial wisdom

PROPERTY: Lots of property, lots of headache’ - but no property at all, that’s even a greater headache.” - Lore and Maurice Cowan, compilers, The Wit of the Jews, Leslie Frewin, London, 1970, p.118. - Management has been invented, managers have been trained and are available for pay. Even some good ones do exist. – And self-ownership, under freedom conditions, can be a very valuable property. – JZ, 13.9.08, 23.1.14.

PROPERTY: Man has no property in man; neither has any generation a property in the generation which are to follow.” - Thomas Paine: The Rights of Man.

PROPERTY: Man’s natural right of possessing and transmitting property by inheritance must remain intact and cannot be taken away by the state.” - Pope Pius XI: Quadragesimo anno, May 15, 1931. - INHERITANCE

PROPERTY: Many apparently diverse questions come down to the same element -  the structure of property rights over scarce resources. In essence, economics is the study of property rights. Without scarce resources property rights are pointless. The allocation of scarce resources in a society is the assignment of rights to uses of resources. So the question of economics, or of how prices should be determined, is the question of how property rights should be defined and exchanged, and on what terms.” – A. A. Alchian, Pricing and Society, p.6, IEA paper 17. – ECONOMICS, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE EXCHANGE, PRICING, SCARCE RESOURCES, INTEREST

PROPERTY: Many people [who] agree that private property and the free market are ideal institutions for allowing each person to pursue his own ends with his own resources …” - David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.26. – MEANS & ENDS

PROPERTY: Men are forced to give up their property on demand by government. If the demand is not met, the powers of compulsion inherent in the apparatus of government are brought to bear. The procedure is legal, but that does not make it morally right. In effect, it is legalized theft, promoted on behalf of allegedly desirable ends which were once proposals in the platform of socialist parties. …” – Ben Moreell, Log I, p.154/55. - TAXATION, CONFISCATION, EXPROPRIATION, EMINENT DOMAIN, FORFEITURE LAWS

PROPERTY: Men honour property above all else; it has the greatest power in human life.” - Euripides, The Phoenician Woman, ca. 410 B.C. - They did not honour the self-ownership of slaves, then and for much later. - JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: Millions hold private ownership as a sacred right for themselves, but fail to realize that unless this precise right is extended to everyone else, it is not right at all- a mere fiction! When each citizen proclaims ownership of his earnings and fails to grant respect, and insist upon a similar ownership on the part of everyone else, the outcome has to be all citizens against (every other - JZ) one. For the person who is not permitted to own what he has earned is in fact owned by a master!” - Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.144. – Or by a crowd or “community” or “family”. – JZ, 14.3.08.

PROPERTY: Mine is better than ours.” – Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard’s Almanac, 1756. – Not always, e.g. not always between spouses or when it comes to the optimal use of productive capital, its exclusive rather than a partnership or a businesslike cooperative ownership and responsibility. – But there are also forms of collectivist ownership and administration which are very inferior to private ownership and management. – Under certain conditions a shared responsibility is close to none. - JZ, 30.3.08, 17.2.11. – PRIVATE VS. PUBLIC OR STATE PROPERTY

PROPERTY: Most “anarchists are, primarily, rather enemies of “property” rights or egalitarians than enemies of any imposed government or authority. Thus they would realize their anti-property and anti-inequality schemes even in a coercive way, thereby characterizing themselves as authoritarians and governmentalists or statists. They also share the territorialist prejudice with States and their governments and have, mostly, not clearly envisioned the possibility, justice and liberating nature of exterritorially autonomous communities and societies. Thus they are also not consistent voluntaryists. If they were, they would e.g. while not favouring even governments for volunteers, under exterritorial autonomy for themselves, not only various anarchist communities of volunteers, they would at least be prepared to tolerate them as free choices of others – for them. Then they would also favour voluntary societies of propertarians, as well as voluntary communist ones. One of their wrongful premises is that all wrongful and coercive authority would be based upon private property and that it would only protect rather than also confiscate private property. They have still not realized that territorial governments are also the greatest enemies and threats to private property rights. (Perhaps if they realized that, they would be all in favour of them!) And these spleens they maintain in the face of very heavy taxation. They often even favour “tax the rich schemes” because they imagine that productive private or cooperative property or capital would exploit them rather than serve them, with well paid jobs and consumer goods and services - and this in the face of shopping centers offering masses of consumer goods and services at competitive prices, so affordable that obesity has become a problem. - When they are unemployed they do not realize that this is largely due to the outlawry of a) competition for note-issuing institutions and clearing centers and b) of competition in the supply and free choice among value standards by the legalized issue monopoly and legal tender power, i.e. compulsory acceptance and a forced value for its notes, usually those of the central bank established by the government, by law, and not by a private corporation, although it may have the organizational form of a private corporation. - They thus diagnose the situation wrongly and prescribe the wrong cure. It would not matter, to others, if they did it only among their own volunteers. Alas, they are not tolerant and well enough informed for that. - Primitive ideas and notions and false to flawed generalizations are still too common in this “enlightened” “civilization”. - JZ, 31.8.94, 30.3.08. 14.4.08, 24.1.14. - COMMUNIST ANARCHISTS, EGALITARIANS, ANTI-CAPITALISM MENTARLITY, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM

PROPERTY: National, public or State property has little in common with private property. – JZ, 23.5.07. - It is wrongly established and, largely, wrongly and irrationally or wastefully used. – JZ, 23.10.07. – For its total and rightful privatization see PEACE PLANS 19 C, – JZ, 10.3.09. - PUBLIC & PRIVATE

PROPERTY: Nemo dat quod non habet. – No man can transfer to another his right of ownership in a thing where-in he himself has not the right of property. - (Freely translated) Carl Watner, On Justice, p.28. – Instead of “his” right of ownership he should, perhaps, have said “a“ right of ownership. – For he might only own a share of it. - JZ, 17.2.11.

PROPERTY: No group of people, regardless of size, has the right to tell you what to do with your property. - Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.50. – If you own e.g. a nuclear reactor or a stock of nuclear weapons or other dangerous items, you do not have the right to place them next to your neighbours, even if these live hundreds of miles away from you. Some effects from nuclear weapons explosions and nuclear reactor leakages are measurable around this planet, not only wherever they occurred. – JZ, 21.3.09, 24.1.14.

PROPERTY: No man can take another’s property from him without his consent. This is the law of nature; and a violation of it is the same thing, whether it be done by one man who is called a king, or by five hundred of another denomination. …” - Samuel Adams, BOSTON GAZETTE, Jan. 9, 1769.

PROPERTY: No man’s life, liberty or property are safe while the legislature is in session.” – Quoted by Judge Gideon J. Tucker of New York, c. 1866. – Source? – LAWS, LEGISLATION, PARLIAMENTARISM, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, DEMOCRACY

PROPERTY: No matter what the circumstances, when a person’s property rights are violated, his freedom is violated.” - Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.33.

PROPERTY: No state shall … deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.” – Constitution of the United States, Amendment XIV, July 28, 1868. – And that law should not be a territorial monopoly law, either! – JZ, 30.3.08. – While the wrongfulness of territorialism remains coercively upheld, even laws and juridical sentences, having gone through the due process of law, can be very wrong and often are. – JZ, 21.3.09. – LAWS, LEGISLATION, REGULATIONS

PROPERTY: Nobody belongs to anybody.” – Daniel Boone, in TV show, Channel 10, 17.8.76. – Everybody belongs to himself! – JZ, 21.3.09. - However, as long as one likes to, one can "belong", as a voluntary member, to an exterritorially autonomous community or society, always reserving the right to secede from it. - JZ, 17.2.11. - SLAVERY, DEPENDENCY, SERFDOM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM

PROPERTY: Nobody is at liberty to attack several property (*) and to say that he values civilization. The history of the two cannot be disentangled.” – Henry Sumner Maine – (*) Should he have said: “any property” or “several properties”? – JZ - CIVILIZATION

PROPERTY: Nobody is property.” – Robert Anton Wilson, Masks of the Illuminati, p.77. – Of anyone but himself. – JZ, 4.6.82. – SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY.

PROPERTY: Nobody spends somebody else's money as carefully as he spends his own. Nobody uses somebody else's resources as carefully as he uses his own. So if you want efficiency and effectiveness, if you want knowledge to be properly utilized, you have to do it through the means of private property." - Milton Friedman - Milton Friedman - & ECONOMIC SPENDING, RESOURCES, BORROWED TOOLS

PROPERTY: Not in Karl Marx but already in the Gospel of St. Matthew, written down ca. 70 AD, it is written, in 6,21: “For where your treasure is, there is also your heart.” („Denn wo euer Schatz ist, ist auch euer Herz.“) – Anton Zischka, Krieg oder Frieden, S.193. A mere treasure is rather unproductive. However, it can serve as a self-insurance fund. - JZ, 17.2.11. – SELF-INTEREST, INCENTIVES

PROPERTY: Not only is the alienation of the own property is resisted but envy sees to it that even the earned property of others is attacked by those who have earned less to nothing. – JZ, 22.7.86. – The age of robbery is, alas, not yet over. For how long of human history have all too many people tried to live through robbery rather than free production and free exchange? This trend still tends to stick in our “bones”, possibly also spread through numerous rapes and their offspring. – JZ, 30.3.08.

PROPERTY: Nothing is ours anymore. Everything belongs to the government.” – John Singleton, 20.10.76. – Hardly by genuine individual rights and liberties. It is merely territorially subject to its wrongful charges and rules, as our feudal landlord. – JZ, 14.3.08, 21.3.09. - No somewhat enlightened government tries to confiscate or control everything. - although all territorial governments are still engaged in all too many activities of this kind, showing that they are not yet far enough removed from the wrong notions of slavery and feudalist serfdom. - JZ, 17.2.11, 24.1.14. 

PROPERTY: Observers of dogs have noticed that they do have at least a primitive concept of property rights and property borders and of violations of persons and personal property. But their brains or ideas are not sufficiently developed to comprehend exchanges, far less quite free exchanges and their monetary, credit and clearing requirements. Are humans to some extent still only like dogs, in their non-comprehension of free exchange and what it implies? "One can't teach on old dog new tricks!" - says a proverb. Does that apply to human beings and monetary freedom, too? - The repeated monetary freedom experiments, even in face of severe legal restrictions, speak against this, at least for a small percentage of the human race. Without legal backing the predominant monetary despotism would not have been established or maintained for long. - But at least under the present "educational" system and limited experiences, free exchange and, more so, free clearing and its potential, are understood only by a few human brains. Some human brains might have to be classed even below dog brains, because they do not even comprehend and value private property rights, far less stand up for them when necessary. - JZ, 22.9.87, 22.4.97. - PROPERTY RIGHTS, EXCHANGE RIGHTS & THE MENTALITY OF DOGS & HUMANS

PROPERTY: Of the goods of the earth man has not merely the use, like the brutes, but he also has the right of permanent proprietorship; and not merely of those things which are consumed by use, but also of those not consumed by use.” – Pope Pius X: Apostolic Letter to the Bishops of Italy on Catholic Social Action, Dec. 18, 1903. – But, have, e.g., the first occupiers of a continent or the first who laid a legal or royal claim to it, thereupon an exclusive property right in the whole continent? Are all the grants of such a claimants quite rightful? – Michael Greene, LA., a kind of libertarian Georgist, pointed out to me ca. 18 years ago, that with rightful properties in land also the consent of one’s neighbours is involved. Theodor Hertzka developed this idea, for natural monopolies, with his proposal of open cooperatives for land. That would also mean that neighbours would grant each other limited property rights in private real estate, for residences, business enterprises and agricultural usage, but they would certainly not grant exclusive private titles to many square kilometres of land to individual private users - wherever and whenever the supply of unused land is limited and the population is large. They would, rather, allocate exclusive parcels of ground to each other, like miners do, when left alone by the State, if they do not come to agree on any kind of cooperative or partnership usage. – Anyhow, there is as yet no full agreement on which kind of land-title system is most just and rational and so there should exist experimental freedom in that sphere as well, for all kinds of land reform proposals that can be peacefully realized in a business-like way. – JZ, 30.3.08. – LAND OWNERSHIP, OPEN COOPERATIVES, HENRY GEORGE, THEODOR HERTZKA

PROPERTY: Once you understand that all moral defense of property rights begins with self-ownership, the case for libertarianism is that everything that exists can be owned. Every thing. Once one has made the identification that it is a thing, the moral case for ownership in it has been made. Any exception to this is a corruption of the case and inevitably leads to the case for communism. J. Neil Schulman, - His books, quotes, articles, blogs and Facebook entries are online but copyrighted. - SELF-OWNERSHIP, LIBERTARIANISM & THINGS

PROPERTY: One lives by creating; one dies by stagnating. Thus, deprivation of property amounts to a partial taking of human life. Moreover, the act of thievery devastates the fundamental precept of justice.” - Ridgway K. Foley Jr., in THE FREEMAN, Dec. 76, p.742. – THEFT, ROBBERY, JUSTICE

PROPERTY: Only regarding land and other natural resources, in their natural state, is property merely a convention and not absolute by natural law and natural rights or individual human rights. – JZ, 3.7.87, 30.3.08. - LAND MONOPOLY CLAIMS, LAND RIGHTS, REAL ESTATE, AGRICULTURAL LAND, MINING AREAS, TERRITORIALISM, COUNTRIES, NATIONAL COLLECTIVIST LAND CLAIMS

PROPERTY: Our own Congress has found the way to take whatever property they want – when they want it.” – REPORT ON FREEDOM, Oct. 74. – CONGRESS, PARLIAMENTS, REPRESENTATION, CONFISCATIONS, FORFEITURE LAWS, EMINENT DOMAIN CLAIMS

PROPERTY: Ownership comes from production. It cannot come from discovery.” – Henry George. – This argument is insufficient. Discovery of a new ore body or oil source may require considerable capital and labour input. Producing texts and pictures also requires labour. The question is only whether either activity should lead to a monopoly, even if only a temporary monopoly. – I feel certain that several much better reward system scan be found or have already been found and are now only described in some obscure printed texts or websites. – JZ, 11.3.09. – PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, OWNERSHIP, PROPERTY, PATENT OR COPYRIGHTS MONOPOLY OR OTHER REWARD SYSTEMS FOR DISCOVERIES, INVENTIONS, WRITERS

PROPERTY: Ownership without control is a contradiction in terms.” - Anderson / Miles: A Constitution for a Moral Government, p. 33 & 46? - Alas, I did not get the subsequent set of “Personal Reports” and the book got all too rapidly out of print and was largely unknown in the USA to its libertarians by 1990, sharing this fate with all too many other freedom titles. - JZ, 18.4.08. - We need a complete digital libertarian library, which is now cheaply possible if it is compiled, by enough participating libertarians, on a book-sized external HDD, from which its contents could be almost endlessly automatically and cheaply duplicated. Or numerous duplicates could be made from each copy. - JZ, 17.2.11, 24.1.14. - OWNERSHIP & CONTROL

PROPERTY: Owning property has its benefits and charms plus its costs, troubles, duties and responsibilities.” – Pyrrho, THE CONNECTION 115 p.96.

PROPERTY: People often defend the rights of life and liberty, but denigrate property rights, and yet the right to property is as basic as the other two.” – D. M. Kulkarni, INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, 5/75.



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