John Zube


Quotes, Notes, Comments & Slogans
for Individual Liberty & Rights
against Popular Statist Errors & Prejudices

Index - P8

(2013 - 2014)



PROPERTY: Perhaps 999 out of every thousand, be they politicians, welfare statists, or whoever, actually believe that they have a right to the fruits of their own labor. Try to take their income dollars from them face-to-face and watch this belief assert itself! – But, … there may not be more than one in a thousand today who will accord to the person and the property of others the same respect he accords his own.” – Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.144/45. – PUBLIC SERVANTS

PROPERTY: Perish the infamous doctrine that man can have property in man.” – R. G. Ingersoll, The Liberty of Man, Woman and Child, p.20. – However, every tax and every territorial law asserts and practises this “right” to some extent. – JZ, 13.3.08. – Even wives, husbands, girlfriends and boyfriends are still widely considered to be property, rather than sovereign beings in voluntary association with others. – JZ, 24.1.14. - MAN, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, TAX SLAVERY, EDUCATION SLAVERY (COMPULSORY SCHOOLING), MILITARY SLAVERY (CONSCRIPTION), TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP

PROPERTY: Political freedom and the whole gamut of civil rights were impossible until there existed the freedom of property which emerged as the burdens of feudal tenure were cast off.” - Bertel M. Sparks, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. - Have they really been cast off? – Haven’t we still got nation-wide landlords: federal governments, State- and Federation-wide ones: State governments, and local ones, in form of local governments. They all tax our labour, our exchanges, and our real estate in one way or the other, even our self-ownership, e.g. via conscription and compulsory schooling. – JZ, 10.1.08. - MODERN FEUDALISM & SERFDOM, TAXATION, RATES, LEGALIZED MONOPOLIES & WRONGFUL REGULATIONS, LAWS & CONTROLS OF PEOPLE AS PUBLIC PROPERTY, TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP, CONSCRIPTION, COMPULSORY SCHOOLING

PROPERTY: Private ownership lies at the very root of individual liberty. Without it there can be no freedom; with it freedom is secure. For private ownership presupposes free choice in disposition, that is, freedom to exchange. It is senseless to talk about freedom if the right of private ownership be denied. - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.86.

PROPERTY: Private ownership means more than each individual’s (*) having a right to the fruits of his own labor; it also means that the right is accorded common respect. - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.85. – (*) individual? – or: each individual’s right? - JZ

PROPERTY: Private ownership means personal control over the tools of production and, thus, personal controls over one’s life. But when government owns and controls the property and thereby denies (prevents? – JZ) the functioning of the market, then government controls lives. Communism is, in fact, people control, as is every intervention into the market by the state.” - Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p. 103. – COMMUNISM, CONTROL, LIFE, INTERVENTIONISM, CONTROL OF PEOPLE THROUGH RESTRICTING FREE MARKETS

PROPERTY: Private ownership means that individuals control their own persons, their own energies, and the products of their energies. It prevails to the extent that individuals do not restrain or interfere with one another as they use, exchange (sell) or give away what they find unclaimed or abandoned, what they make, and what they get from other persons by gift or exchange (purchase).” - V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 10/75.

PROPERTY: Private property (which may also be used as voluntarily pooled, collectivised or socialised property) forms the best basis for a tolerant and peaceful coexistence between the members of diverse ideological groups. To each his own, no more, no less! – JZ, n.d.

PROPERTY: private property and the free market are ideal institutions for allowing each person to pursue his own ends with his own resources." - D. Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.26. – It also permits the borrowing and lending of the resources of others for mutual profit, in the common interest. – JZ, 24.1.14.

PROPERTY: private property creates for the individual a sphere in which he is free of the state. (*) “It sets limits to the operation of the authoritarian will." As an intermediary between the individual and the state, "it allows other forces to arise side by side with and in opposition to political power. It thus becomes the basis for all those activities that are free from violent interference on the part of the state. (*) It is the soil in which the seeds of freedom are nurtured and in which the autonomy of the individual and ultimately all intellectual and material progress are rooted." – Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism, reviewed 1977 by Anne Wortham in "THE FREEMAN", 11/85, p.67-68. - (*) And it leaves you currently, in its all too incomplete form, open to the State's robberies, called taxes, and to regulations and controls. Only full exterritorial autonomy for volunteers could truly achieve what he claims for private property now. Propertarian, anti-propertarian and other societies of volunteers ought to become free to compete the present territorial States out of existence by reducing them to non-territorial institutions for their voluntary supporters and victims only. - JZ, 31.7.92, 9.1.93, 20.2.08, 17.2.11.

PROPERTY: Private property educates its possessors in the moral qualities of sturdy independence, sense of responsibility, and the training of judgment and character brought whenever free choice is exercised in any field, including the economic field. It is these moral qualities, not the gluttonous material ones, that have historically associated the rise of personal liberty with the rise of personal property.” – Prof Peter Viereck, The Unadjusted Man, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 1/73. – CHARACTER, RESPONSIBILITY, JUDGMENT

PROPERTY: Private property has been the object of attack ever since the first non-producer enviously viewed the fruit of the labors of the first producer. The institution of private property has been condemned for perpetuating every manner of social injustice imaginable. Marx and Engels called for the abolition of it, and Pierre Joseph Proudhon, a social theorist contemporary of Marx, declared “property is theft”. But how can one steal if there is not concept of property? How can anything belong to everything, or everything to no one?” - The Incredible Breadmachine, p.139. – CAPITALISTS, BOSSES, OWNERS, EMPLOYERS, RICHES, WEALTH, EGALITARIANISM, ENVY, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY

PROPERTY: Private property implies decentralization of property.” – JZ, 26.5.80, freely reworded after H. J. Ehrlich et al, Reinventing Anarchy, p.85. – The capitalism of the few ought to be replaced by the capitalism of the many, with capital by the many acquired in a voluntary and business-like way, e.g. by the purchase of enterprises through their employees, on terms, using industrial bonds as immediate means of payment. – JZ, 13.3.08. – EXTENSIVE EMPLOYEE SHAREHOLDING, PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, SELF-MANAGEMENT SCHEMES, INCENTIVES RATHER THAN FIXED WAGES & SALARIES FOR TIME SERVERS

PROPERTY: Private property is a natural fruit of labour, a product of intense activity of man, acquired through his energetic determination to ensure and develop with his own strength his own existence and that of his family, and to create for himself and his own an existence of just freedom, not only economic, but also political, cultural and religious.” – Eugenio Pacelli (Pope Pius XII), radio broadcast, 1944. - PRIVATE PROPERTY, LABOR, FREEDOM & PROGRESS IN EVERY SPHERE, CATHOLIC CHURCH

PROPERTY: Private property is at once the consequence and the basis of the state.” – M. A. Bakunin, Dieu e l’état, 1871. – Alas, many anarchists have not yet recognized that it is rather the basis of free societies and that territorial States are usually the worst offenders against property rights rather than their best possible protectors. – JZ, 30.3.08. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, PROTECTION, TAXATION, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, STATE SOCIALISM

PROPERTY: Private property is not recognized among some savage tribes.” – Bertrand Russell, An Outline of Intellectual Rubbish, p. 16. - And among some supposedly “civilized” “nations”, or it is all too much restricted or mauled by them. – JZ, 30.3.08, 24.1.14. - It is not fully recognized by any territorial State. – JZ, 19.9.94, 30.3.08.

PROPERTY: Private property is redundant. “Public property” is an oxymoron. All legit proprety is private. If property isn’t private it’s stolen. – Gustave de Molinari, quoted by Scott Molon Labe Twist sharing's photo. - via Anarcho-Capitalism – Facebook, 10.9.13. - PRIVATE PROPERTY, PUBLIC PROPERTY

PROPERTY: Private property is the cornerstone of a free utopia.” - Duncan Yuille, in issue paper on free trade.

PROPERTY: Private property is the foundation of equality of rights. JZ, 12/75. - At least it is one expression of the equality of rights. – JZ, 1.11.76, 14.3.08.

PROPERTY: Private property is the necessary condition of individual rights. Without it, there is no place to stand against the state, and there are not means with which to protect oneself. It is well known that Russian communists made a root and branch assault on private property. Such remnants of it as remain in the Soviet Union are privileges granted by the state, not rights belonging to the individual. The attack upon property was neither so direct nor so drastic in Nazi Germany as in the Soviet Union. The major exception was the property of Jews, much of which was confiscated.” – Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 12/77.

PROPERTY: private property replacing the term capitalism and communal property replacing socialism.” – Matiasz Jorj, in ELF.

PROPERTY: Private property rights do not conflict with human rights. They are human rights. Private property rights are the rights of humans to use specified goods and to exchange them. Any restraint on private property rights shifts the balance of power from impersonal attributes toward personal attributes and toward behavior that political authorities approve. That is a fundamental reason for preference of a system of strong private property rights: private property rights protect individual liberty. - Armen A. Alchian, "Property Rights" – RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUALISM

PROPERTY: Private property was the original source of freedom. It still is its main bulwark. – Walter Lippman, The Good Society, 1937, quoted in Seldes, The Great Quotations. – Alas, today quite insufficient defence and protection via monopoly armies, police forces and courts are offered to private property, at the expense of private property via general taxation. Whatever real protection it gets, it has, as a rule, still to hire itself. Nor is it free to hire for itself a whole alternative defensive and protective system. That would “offend” against the territorial monopoly claims of the States. – JZ, 13.3.08. – POLICE, PROTECTION, PRIVATE OR COOPERATIVE PROPERTY? PROPERTY RIGHTS & FREEDOM, TERRITORIALISM VS. PANARCHISM, ALTERNATIVE & OPTIONAL & COMPETING PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS

PROPERTY: Private property, rather than the artificially maintained obstacles to the acquisition, spread and control of privately or cooperatively owned productive property. The numerous popular prejudices of e.g. trade unionists, against alternatives to the employer-employee relationship, and against capitalism, profits and interest, wrongly perceived as evil, are obstacles to the spread of property and wealth. Nevertheless they are not yet systematically and comprehensively refuted, e.g. by an encyclopaedia of the best refutations of such errors, prejudices and myths. E.g., if all old age insurance amounts were safe from inflation, taxation, confiscation, interest rate regulations and Trustee Acts, enforcing unprofitable investment in low interest-bearing governmental insecurities, and could, instead, be productively invested at the highest possible interest rates, as fair shares in very profitable investments, then old age pensioners could become rich and the supply of productive capital could grow very fast. Expropriating bureaucrats and politicians – the real capital they still control and distributing the security-titles to their victims, could, possibly, still make e.g. Australians quite suddenly very rich in capital assets. – The purchase of most enterprises by their employees, on terms, could rapidly increase capital ownership, productivity and incomes. The rapid advances of panarchies of propertarians, free banking, free trade and laissez faire advocates – would provide shiny examples, likely to be copied soon by others. – But territorialism and the ignorance and prejudices that it promotes and does not effectively counter, are strong obstacles to such possible and desirable developments. – JZ, 21.9.92, 19.2.08. –  PANARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, COMPETITION, LAISSEZ FAIRE, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION & CONTRACT IN EVERY SPHERE TO ACCELERATE ENLIGHTENMENT & PROGRESS

PROPERTY: Privately and cooperatively owned property is anarchistic property. Property is a rightful and essential feature of any anarchism that is economically sound. – JZ, 18.12.93. - Privately or cooperatively owned productive property tends to promote anarchism and laissez-faire economics or economic freedom and general prosperity. – JZ, 24.1.95, 30.3.08. - & ANARCHISM & ECONOMIC FREEDOM, FREE MARKET

PROPERTY: Property … is not an arbitrary invention but rather the only practically possible solution of the problem that is, in the nature of things, imposed upon us by the disparity between requirements for, and available quantities of, all economic goods.” – Carl Menger, Principles of Economics, quoted in THE FREEMAN. - Principles of Economics, [1871] - Property … is therefore inseparable from human economy in its social form.” – Carl Menger - ECONOMY

PROPERTY: Property and life are not incommensurable, when property is measured in terms of human toil. Essentially, property is life; it is that proportion of life, which an individual has expended to gain the property. When a thief steals property, he steals life. Each act of pillage therefore becomes a small murder.” – Jack Vane, The Anome, p.99. – Not so much “murder” but temporary and part “enslavement” for that work period of the past, which was required to save enough to acquire the stolen property. E.g., the value of a new car can be a considerable slice of the earnings of one’s working life. If it was insured, then this backward “enslavement” is simply spread over a large number of people. – To the extent that they are forced to bear the damage, each has then been condemned to forced labour, although innocent. – And the car thief, under today’s conditions, may get away with the theft of hundreds of cars. – When finally caught, he will then complains about his imprisonment and forced labour. - JZ, 14.3.08, 17.2.11. He is not concerned about the rights, liberties and labours of his victims. – JZ, 24.1.14. - LIFE, THEFT, CAPITAL IS PRE-DONE LABOUR & AS SUCH IT ALSO DESERVES ITS JUST REWARDS, AS DETERMINED BY A FREE MARKET, CAR THIEVES, CRIMINALS

PROPERTY: Property does not consist merely of real and personal possessions.” Dr Bayes continues, “Intangible, or incorporeal, rights which we Americans value as priceless, such as those guaranteed by the Constitution (*), being things owned and involving the right to act, are property. This means that such rights as the rights to free speech, to worship, to peaceful assembly, and to due process, are all property. If they are property, then the rights involved are essentially property rights. There is no right which is not property, and there is no property which, if not a right in itself, is not a fruit of the exercise of a right.” - The Incredible Breadmachine, p.141. - (*) Are they really guaranteed, seeing the numerous laws infringing them? – JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: Property earners and owners are relatively peaceful. They have too much to lose and are not as much motivated by envy, prejudice ignorance and contempt for rights. Thus, the wider property is spread and the more people get a chance to earn and keep it the more peaceful they would become. - When self-ownership is fully recognized then abuses like taxation and conscription will also have disappeared. - A condition in which everybody enjoys all his property rights undisturbed is, by definition, a condition of peace. - Productive property could be rightfully and widely spread through a much wider use of e.g. cooperative production - introduced by employees purchasing the enterprises they work in, on long terms, using negotiable and interest bearing bonds as means of payment. - In order to promote peace, international investments and multinational corporations are particularly desirable. They give many people a proprietary interest in the well-being foreigners and the countries they live in and, thereby, a vested interest in preserving international and internal peace. So far, some international corporations were often blamed for seeing to it that during a war their property in other countries was spared. They should have been praised for this peaceful example and it should have been followed as much as possible. - Nuclear weapons are among the most effective devices to destroy property and they are unable to defend it. They can be built and maintained only by continuous aggression against private property: by coercive taxation. - Private property is as a rule not the target for nuclear mass destruction devices. It is usually too small and dispersed for this. But property of territorial governments and property presumed to belong to enemy governments, i.e., public works and utilities, are considered to be prime targets, no matter how important they may be for civilians, like e.g. bridges and electricity plants and regardless of the citizens involuntary investments in them, via their taxes. - Not only some public utilities but whole cities and towns, even whole territories, as well as their populations, are considered, by governmental "military science" as governmental property and thus as "rightful" targets for mass murder and mass destruction devices. - - Based upon such misconceptions, and not contradicted by the victims, either, on all sides, since they, too, generally believe in territorialism, "collective responsibility" and degrees of State Socialism, and since the victims of governments never bothered, either, to define the "enemy" properly, governments were able to resort to area- or carpet bombing, to cause artificial fire storms in cities and, finally, to ABC mass murder and mass destruction devices. - The State is neither able nor willing to protect property rights sufficiently. On the contrary, it is their largest enemy. Never mind the myths spread by communists and socialists about the supposed marriage between "capitalism" and supposedly "capitalist governments". They are so blind to the nature of monopolism and coercion that they advocate the greatest monopoly and greatest degree of coercion - on a national and international scale. Thus they are blind to the fact that laissez faire capitalism and territorial governmentalism are opposites, not friends or couples. - Territorial States are required only by those who want privileges for themselves. - ANNEXATION CONQUEST, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION HUMAN RIGHTS, IDEOLOGICAL WARFARE, INTERNATIONAL CORPORATIONS INVESTMENTS, PROPERTY CONCEPT OF CITIZENS, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, TAXATION, FLAX STRIKE, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, WELFARE STATE, NATIONALISM, GOVERNMENTAL LEGALIZATION OF WRONGFUL MONOPOLIES HAS MADE CORPORATIONS UNPOPULAR & LED TO THE CONDEMNATION OF CORPORATIONS, NOT OF GOVERNMENTS GRANTING THEM WRONGFUL PRIVILEGES. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - RIGHT TO PROPERTY. Here somewhat revised, JZ, 17.2.11, 24.1.14.

PROPERTY: Property has its duties as well as its rights. - Property, honestly come by, is for security, pleasure, and power. It has not obligations save those dictated by its interests. All men have a right to an equitable chance of property for the ends of protection and enjoyment; and in a justly organized society there ought not to exist either the necessity or duty of parting with it, when rightly obtained. When something is required to be done for those who have no means of doing it for themselves, the richer people are now expected to assist in providing what is wanted. What is this but a humanitarian confiscation of the property of those from whom such help is exacted? What is this but industrial mendicancy on the part of those who receive it?” – George Jacob Holyoake, State Socialism, in 19th Century Opinion, p.229. – As if there were no friendship circles, families, charitable organizations and, most of all, no credit and social insurance options to safeguard people against the hazards of living. – JZ, 14.3.08. – WELFARE STATE,

PROPERTY: Property in land is as indefensible as property in man.” - Henry George (1839-1897), Protection or Free Trade (1886). - I would exempt from this rule the property required for one's house, garden, business, farm or factory premises. Moreover, I would introduce alternatives to the present land title rights only via purchases and free experimentation among volunteers rather than by laws, civil wars and revolutions. Then the transition to any better system can be realized peacefully, businesslike, fast, cheaply and effectively. - JZ, 13.10.02. - I would expect the system of "open cooperatives", developed by P. Buchez, Theodor Hertzka and Ulrich von Beckerath, to win out in free competition - but without ever gaining an exclusive legal monopoly for its practice. Panarchism is, so I do believe, also optimal for land reform efforts. – Freedom for experiments would prove this case – or disprove it. - JZ, 27.11.02, 21.3.09. – PROPERTY IN LAND? LAND MONOPOLY? OPEN COOPERATIVES? PANARCHISM & LAND REFORM, HERTZKA

PROPERTY: Property in people, via marriages or nationality, or territorial legislation, ought to be ended. – JZ, 16.3.94, 18.2.08. – PEOPLE AS PROPERTY?

PROPERTY: Property is a bundle of rights", quoted by Carl J. Friedrich in The New Belief in the Common Man, p.168.

PROPERTY: property is a central economic institution of any society, and private property is the central institution of a free society, …” - David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.4.

PROPERTY: Property is a legal relation by virtue of which some one has, within a certain group of men, the exclusive privilege of ultimately disposing of a thing.” (*) – Paul Eltzbacher, Anarchism, 1900. – Even anarchists are often influenced by territorialist and “positive law” notions and do not always recognized natural law and individual human rights and liberties. – JZ, 30.3.08. – (*) And of peacefully and tolerantly using it in the meantime. Even if one owns one’s gun, one is not entitled to practise target-shooting in a crowded thoroughfare. – JZ, 24.1.14.

PROPERTY: Property is a sphere for one’s own liberty and it promotes the growth of liberty and of property among others. – JZ, 10.4.94. – Unless all too many people are too dumb to realize and make use of their individual rights and liberties and become merely envious and confiscatory in their actions, rather than productive and free exchangers. For instance: Almost none of the envious poor considers what monetary despotism is doing to them and what monetary freedom could do for them. – JZ, 15.2.08.

PROPERTY: Property is an absolute concept.” – Robert LeFevre – If I defend myself successfully or unsuccessfully against a mugger, do I disturb the peace or does he? – JZ, 24.1.14.

PROPERTY: Property is based on violence and slaying and the threat thereof.” – Lyof N. Tolstoy, The Kingdom of God is Within You, 1893. – To such wrongful and false views even anarchists and Christians did and often still do descend, especially in countries where many property titles were wrongfully, monopolistically or coercively acquired and held. – JZ, 30.3.08. – How much more property is by now peacefully produced or acquired by free exchange? – JZ, 24.1.14. – VIOLENCE, PEACEFUL ACQUISITIONS

PROPERTY: Property is desirable; it is a positive good in the world.” - Lincoln.

PROPERTY: Property is everything an individual or association can rightfully own – because they earned it or peacefully (rightfully) acquired it from those who earned it. – The exclusive control over things or services subject to property rights. People, countries, continents, mineral resources, the sea, the air and important water ways or access paths can never rightfully be private or national exclusive properties. Property accumulation and productive use is the most important means for economic progress. – JZ, n.d. & 13.3.08, 13.2.11.

PROPERTY: Property is liberty, Hagbart said. 'I am quoting the same man who said property is theft. He also said property is impossible. I speak from the heart. I wish you to understand why I take this case. I wish you to understand in fullness.'" - Wilson/Shea: Illuminatus 1/154.

PROPERTY: Property is nothing other than an extension of the person.” – Joel B. Mycklebust, LIBERTARIAN HANDBOOK 1973.

PROPERTY: Property is organized robbery.” – George Bernard Shaw, Major Barbara, Preface, 1905. – The very concept of robbery recognizes property rights. While destroying the property rights of others, it realizes a mere wrongful claim to the unearned. – It takes territorial politics to organize robbery on the largest scale and to the grant of legalized monopolies and privileges. – JZ, 22.6.92, 17.2.11, 24.1.14. – Sovereign individuals, as voluntary members of societies, communities and governments, all without any exclusive territories, apart from private real estates, will be very wary of granting any monopolies or privileges within their affairs and would not tend to uphold them for long if, initially, they did grant some. – JZ, 23.3.08. – MONOPOLIES, PRIVILEGES,

PROPERTY: Property is prior to law; the sole function of the law is to safeguard the right to property wherever it exists, wherever it is formed, in whatever manner the worker (capitalists and managers and inventors – JZ) produces it, whether individually or in association, provided that he respects the rights of others.” – Bastiat in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.157. - The other individual human rights and liberties fully declared, published, appreciated and protected by a suitable militia, do constitute the most important protection of the right to property. – JZ, 24.2.08. - Have most laws, policemen, lawyers, judges and courts and militias done this job or rather the contrary? – JZ, 13.3.08. - LAWS, STATE, SOCIETY, PROTECTION OF RIGHTS,

PROPERTY: Property is the fruit of labor. (*) Property is desirable, is a positive good in the world. That some should be rich shows that others may become rich and hence is just encouragement to industry and enterprise. Let not him who is houseless pull down the house of another, but let him work diligently to build one for himself, thus by example assuring that his own shall be safe from violence. ... I take it that it is best for all to leave each man free to acquire property as fast as he can. Some will get wealthy. I don't believe in a law to prevent a man from getting rich; it would do more harm than good.” – President Abraham Lincoln, reply to New York Workingmen's Democratic Republican Association, March 21, 1864. - The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, 1899-1865, ed. Roy P. Basler, vol.7, p.259-60 (1953). - (*) Including pre-done labour = capital. - Most employees have still to mobilize and capitalize the full capital value of their working ability over the years and decades. With it they could acquire, if they wanted to, the transferable title to most of the other productive capital. - JZ, 27.11.02, 17.2.11. - He defended it more for the good it does to others than for the good it does to the owner. Thus it is not a defence of the right to property but merely a defence of its general usefulness. – JZ, 14.6.74 - What would have happened or would not have happened, if he had been assassinated 5 or 6 years earlier? – Or if the right to secede exterritorially had been recognized, not only for States but for minorities and for slaves? - JZ, 23.2.08, 17.2.11. - & LABOR, RIGHTS, UTILITARIANISM, MORALITY, ETHICS, CIVIL WAR,  Q.

PROPERTY: Property is the fruit of labor. Property is desirable, is a positive good in the world. That some should be rich shows that others may become rich and hence is just encouragement to industry and enterprise. Let not him who is houseless pull down the house of another, but let him work diligently to build one for himself, thus by example assuring that his own shall be safe from violence. – Abraham Lincoln - & LABOR, WEALTH & RICHES

PROPERTY: Property is the most fundamental and complex of social facts, and the most important of human interests; it is, therefore, the hardest to understand, the most delicate to meddle with, and the easiest to dogmatize about.” – W. G. Sumner, The Family and Property, 1888.

PROPERTY: Property is the right to enjoy and dispose of things in the most absolute manner.” - France (Official and semi-official), Code Napoléon, Art.544. – If you own a nuclear “weapon” – do you have the right to use it, i.e., to abuse it? – If you merely own a dagger as a weapon, are you entitled to “dispose of it” in the heart of an involuntary human victim? – JZ, 12.3.09. - HUMAN RIGHTS, NWT.

PROPERTY: Property is the right to use and abuse. It is the absolute, irresponsible dominion of man over his person and his goods. If it ceases to be the right to abuse it, it would cease to be property.” - P. J. Proudhon, Système des contradictions économiques, I, 1845. - One may destroy one's own life and property but not that of other people, who are neither criminals with victims nor aggressors. - JZ, 17.2.11.

PROPERTY: Property is theft. - Property is liberty. - Property is impossible. - P. J. Proudhon, quoted in Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III. - A muddle of ideas typical for Proudhon. Thus he confuses more than he enlightens. - JZ, 13.3.08, 24.1.14. - On some points Proudhon was almost impossible to understand and accept. He played around too much with terms rather than attempting to clarify them. - JZ, 23.4.08. - Wilson/Shea, ibid, p.215 offer the following comments: “Proudhon, by piling up his contradictions this way, was not merely being French, he was trying to indicate that the abstraction ‘property’ covers a variety of phenomena, some pernicious and some beneficial. Let us borrow a device from the semanticists and examine his triad with subscripts attached for maximum clarity. - “Property (1) is theft” means that property, created by the artificial laws of feudal, capitalist, and other authoritarian societies, is based on armed robbery. Land titles, for instance, are clear examples of property (1); swords and shot were the original coins of transaction. - “Property (2) is liberty” means that property (2) that which will be voluntarily honored in a voluntary (anarchist) society, is the foundation of the liberty in that society. The more people’s interests are commingled and confused, as in collectivism, the more they will be stepping on each other’s toes; only when the rules of the game declare clearly “This is mine and this is thine”, and the game is voluntarily accepted as worthwhile by all parties to it, can true independence be achieved. - “Property(3) is impossible” means that property (3) ( = property (1)) creates so much conflict of interest that society is in perpetual undeclared civil war and must eventually devour itself ( and properties (1) and (3) as well ). - In short, Proudhon in his own way, foresaw the Snafu Principle.” - All of Proudhon’s terms in this sphere have peculiar, provocative and paradoxical Proudhonian interpretations, often far from the usual meaning of such terms. – Thus he is still widely misunderstood. – JZ, 30.3.08. – Truths should not be offered in form of riddles. Even when expressed as clearly as possible they will still not find quite ready and easy acceptance. - JZ, 23.4.08.

PROPERTY: Property is to be an extension rather than a possession or obsession of oneself. - JZ.

PROPERTY: property is truth and justice itself, and that what it has within it is the principle of progress and life.” – Bastiat, quoted in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.98.

PROPERTY: Property rights are developed to internalize costs and benefits of actions.” – View of Harold Demsetz, in “Toward a Theory of Property Rights”, according to Skye d’Aureous, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 5.8.73.

PROPERTY: Property rights are human rights – and very basic ones at that. Where they are observed, men are free. If they are violated, the death of all rights cannot be far away.” – Paul Lepanto, Return to Reason, p.118. – Free Trade and full monetary and financial freedom are essentials for private and cooperative property rights as well. Without them, private property becomes greatly devalued. It is the free transferability, which gives property rights their full value – remarked Ulrich von Beckerath several times, orally and, probably, also in his letters and other writings. – As for Lepanto’s title: When and where was reason ever fully in charge? - JZ, 13.3.03.

PROPERTY: Property rights are human rights, and to try to distinguish between them is merely to play with words - and on emotions.” - Curtiss, The Tariff Idea, p.74. (For a complete discussion of this subject see: Paul L. Poirot, Property Rights and Human Rights, FEE, 1952.)

PROPERTY: Property rights are human rights. Property is literally an extension of the individual. By investing my time in the production (or earning) of food, tools, clothing or other materials, I am embodying my thought and effort in a fixed material form.” - Duncan Yuille, in his paper on Human Rights.

PROPERTY: Property rights are not the rights of property; they are the rights of humans with regard to property. They are a particular kind of human right.” – David Friedman - PROPERTY RIGHTS ARE INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS

PROPERTY: Property Rights are personal rights and, as such, are entitled to the same respect and protection as all other personal rights.” - Libertarian Party, quoted in INVICTUS, 16.2.72. - And who would be obliged to provide the necessary protection? - The owners have only the right to protect it themselves or to  hire protective services and to demand indemnification from offenders against their property rights. - JZ, 13.3.08, 17.2.11.

PROPERTY: Property rights are rights of people not rights of property. - JZ, 29.11.90, 30.3.08. - They also apply to the right to keep and bear rightful arms. I deny that ABC mass murder devices are such weapons. – JZ, 30.3.08.

PROPERTY: Property rights are ultimately synonymous with ‘human rights’. Theft is a primary form of enslavement.” – W. F. O’Neill’s summary of Ayn Rand’s Philosophy, p.197.

PROPERTY: Property rights refers to the rights to acquire, possess and utilize some property. ‘Right’ refers to a justified moral claim. ‘Property rights’ refer to a relation between a person and property in general. The concept of ‘property rights’ presupposes, and is derived from, the concept of a ‘right to life’, that is, a right to take the actions necessary for one’s survival. The derivation requires the following premise: one’s survival depends upon the acquisition, possession and utilization of some property. In short: since property is a necessity of survival, the right to life implies property rights.” – Louis A. Rollins, Reply to C. J. Wheeler, in THE PERSONALIST.

PROPERTY: Property rights, properly used, can protect property. Bureaucrats and politicians won’t and can’t. – JZ, 27.6.85.

PROPERTY: Property to be an extension rather than an obsession of oneself. – JZ, 8.11.76, after reading: ” If you would possess your humanity, let go of the universe!” – Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, in ANALOG, 3/76. – How much of one’s precious limited life-span should one dedicate merely to accumulate financial riches, and material possessions rather than riches in knowledge, understanding and ideas? – JZ, 14.3.08. – Q.

PROPERTY: Property was a right so basic to human nature that it came before political organization.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.212. – And with territorial political organization the right to private property was severely infringed. – JZ, 14.3.08.

PROPERTY: Property was at first a creature of the human will, but once it was established one man was prohibited by the law of nature from seizing the property of another against his will.” – Hugo Grotius, De jure belli ac pacis, I, 1625. – Even now all individual rights and liberties are not yet fully declared, recognized and applied. – JZ, 30.3.08.

PROPERTY: Property, following the usage of Spencer Heath, is anything that can be the subject matter of contract. Those things that have no present or imagined utility, or that have no scarcity, such as light and air under most conditions, are excluded from property. The term property is often generalized to mean the whole institution of property and exchange in this discussion. For a creative approach to understanding the institution of property, see: Harold Demsetz, “Toward a Theory of Property Rights”, American Economic Review, May, 1967, pp. 347-359.” – Spencer Heath MacCallum, The Art of Community, p.76. - CONTRACTS

PROPERTY: Property, in everything acquired through work with hands or mind, or in exchange for products of others, is proper. There is no rightful objection against gifts or inheritance, either. But "property" in tributes, extorted by privileges, monopolies and oligopolies, is and remains extortion and robbery, even when legalized by a so-called lawful State. - K. H. Z.

PROPERTY: Property, on the contrary, is a decentralizing force. Being itself absolute, it is anti-despotic and anti-unitary. Property is the basis of any system of federation. This is why property, which is by nature autocratic, automatically becomes democratic when it forms part of an ordered political society.” – Proudhon, 1863-64, “Property”, p.144. – With such verbal games Proudhon prevented rather than promoted enlightenment on the subject. – JZ, 18.4.08. - DECENTRALISATION, FEDERALISM

PROPERTY: property, the basis of all civilization!” - Tocqueville, 1848, as quoted by Noam Chomsky in Notes on Anarchism.

PROPERTY: Property, the right to enjoy the fruits of one’s labor, the right to work, to develop, to exercise one’s faculties, according to one’s own understanding, without the state intervening otherwise than by its protective action – this is what is meant by liberty.” - Bastiat, quoted in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p. 212. - Bastiat, Essays, p.109. – Bastiat still had delusions on the State as protector. – JZ, 30.3.08.

PROPERTY: Property: one of the foundations of society. More holy than the religion.“ – Flaubert. – JZ tr. from: “Eigentum: eine der Grundlagen der Gesellschaft. Geheiligter als die Religion." - As Bastiat stated, “Society is exchange!” Society means not only the existence of and also the respect for property but also the exchange of property. Naturally, both sides must first have property rights before they can exchange the things or services that they own. – However, under very primitive conditions property can also exist without exchange. On the other hand, even the Australian Aborigines had some continent-wide exchanges for small items. - JZ, 23.2.08. - RELIGION, SOCIETY, FREE EXCHANGE

PROPERTY: Proprietary individualism. – A term used by Durant, The Story of Philosophy, p.45.

PROPERTY: Proudhon was an individualist, not a communist anarchist. He strove to refine rather than destroy the idea of property. He believed in self-governing communities. Property in land to him was an institutional concept predicated on robbery. And too often, far too often, property in land works precisely in that way. Those who are politically corrupt aid and abet robbery of the people by promoting schemes beneficial to speculators in land values.” - Robert E. Allen, in Mildred Loomis, ed.: Moving Into the Frontlines of Social Change, p.11.

PROPERTY: Proudhon’s ridiculous statement that “property is theft”, is self-contradictory; it says also that theft is property (the theory that the tax collector works on.).” – SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 4/80.

PROPERTY: Quoting the famous words of Trotsky, describing Stalin’s regime “Who does not obey shall not eat”, the writer goes on to say that in a society where men are not free privately to own the material means of production, their position is that of slaves whose lives are at the absolute mercy of their rulers.” – D. M. Kulkarni, INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, 5/75. – CAPITAL, MEANS OF PRODUCTION, FOOD, OBEDIENCE, SLAVERY

PROPERTY: Rather than establishing, building up or gradually acquiring full and un-indebted titles to their own voluntarily - and in a businesslike way bought capital property, in the enterprises they work in (Something that they could do, relatively easily and fast enough, quite rightfully, via industrial obligations issued by themselves and used as their means of payment for their take-over bids!), too many of the coercive collectivists want to destroy, confiscate or occupy and then “manage” the property of others, without ever having paid the market price for it or even having attempted to do so or seriously considered this option, which is not outlawed. Naturally, they disregard the fact that the owners do not agree with the ideology of these collectivists. – JZ, 2.9.93, 18.2.08. – Actually, most enterprises could be so acquired by the employees and this with only parts of the additional earnings that they could thus obtain, under well-organized self-management, with maximum propertarian and work incentives. Insofar they would get these enterprises for free, while working as much more free and productive as well as prosperous workers within them. But only very few socialists have considered this option, although the profit and loss statements of most large companies almost suggest it, by showing how large the share of the employees is already, in the net returns from and enterprise - and how small the dividends and interest rate returns on capital are for the capital owners. The greatest “profiteer” in most enterprises today is the State through compulsory taxes and “social insurance” contributions, largely wasted as usual or, if invested at all, then not very productively, for optimal returns. – JZ, 18.2.08. - IN THE MEANS OF PRODUCTION, CAPITALISM, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, COLLECTIVISM, OCCUPATION OF FACTORIES, NATIONALIZATION, STATE SOCIALISM, STATE CAPITALISM

PROPERTY: Really owning and also practically managing or controlling private, cooperative or a partnership’s productive property is much more profitable to all participants than theoretically owning but not controlling one’s share, a tiny fraction, of a vast national estate, or property or productive capital held, nominally, in common, as nationalized property. – JZ, 10.3.99, 30.3.08. – NATIONALIZATION, STATE SOCIALISM, PUBLIC PROPERTY

PROPERTY: Redbeard’s “Might is Right” is as self-contradictory as Proudhon’s “Property is Robbery”. “Robbery” cannot have negative emotional significance without “property” having positive significance. Similarly, ‘might cannot be justified as “right” if “right” is to be nullified. If there is only might then people cannot act out of a sense of justice.” – Albert the Unknown (Diogenes of Panarchia), LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION 60, to George Kysor. – ROBBERY, THEFT, JUSTICE, MIGHT, RIGHT

PROPERTY: respect private property and rely upon the creativity and initiative of the free individual.” – Miller Upton, THE FREEMAN, 9/74.

PROPERTY: Security of property released an inordinate amount of energy for the improvement of their horizons. …” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.153.

PROPERTY: So essential does it appear to me, to the cause of good government, that the rights of property should be held sacred, that I would agree to deprive those of the elective franchise against whom it could justly be alleged that they considered it their interest to invade them.” - David Ricardo: Observations on Parliamentary Reform, THE SCOTSMAN, April 24, 1824.

PROPERTY: Socialism has come a long way, then, because of competent leadership. The proponents of private property, on the other hand, have fought a losing game simply because of their inaptitude. The logic of economics is entirely on their side: it is only through private property that society can achieve abundance. Morality is also on their side: if a man is denied exclusive possession and enjoyment of that which he produces, he is denied the right to life, and is in effect reduced to something less than a man. With these two arguments in its arsenal, private property should never have been put on the defensive. The collectivist psychopaths should never have gained ascendancy with the mass-man.” - Frank Chodorov, One Is a Crowd, p.93. – They gained ascendancy via “free” elections, that brought the mouthpieces of popular errors, myths, prejudices and ignorant into parliaments as legislators. Thus the worst got to the top, as Hayek had put it in his The Road to Serfdom. – They also lost largely because they did not advocate the tolerant, i.e., exterritorial practice of laissez faire capitalism among consenting adults, thus setting shiny examples, that would have shamed all State socialist experiments early on. – JZ, 16.2.08. - PRIVATE PROPERTY, COLLECTIVISM, STATE SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM, ABUNDANCE, LAISSEZ FAIRE CAPITALISM, WEALTH, PROSPERITY, PANARCHISTIC TOLERANCE & EXPERIMENTS, MORALITY, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, LIFE, VOTING, POLITICIANS, REPRESENTATION, POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES, ELECTIONS, CONSENT, SETTING ATTRACTIVE EXAMPLES

PROPERTY: Some people steal from others, or defraud them, or enslave them, seizing their product and preventing them from living as they choose, or forcibly exclude others from competing in exchanges. None of these are permissible modes of transition from one situation to another. - Robert Nozick - Liberty Quotations – Facebook, 29.1.14. - & FREE EXCHANGE

PROPERTY: Something everybody owns, nobody owns.” - H. Beam Piper in: A Slave Is a Slave, ANALOG 4/62. Compare the old saying: "Shared responsibility is none."

PROPERTY: Sophistic politicians and intellectuals search for ways to obscure the fact that the essential and defining property of man is his freedom. …” - Noam Chomsky, For Reasons of State, p.171. – Does any territorial State have any good reasons? – JZ, 13.3.08. – TERRITORIALISM, Q., MAN, FREEDOM

PROPERTY: Stealing is bad because ownership is good.” – Curtiss, The Tariff Idea, p.74. – THEFT, ROBBERY, STEALING, DISHONESTY

PROPERTY: Suum cuique – (Jedem das Seine. To Each His Own!) - Cicero - Motto of Prussia since 1701. - To each his own, no more and no less, is our motto. - JZ, 31.7.75. - To each his own individual choice of a panarchy as well, if he wants it and if it wants him. Otherwise he can establish his own. – JZ, 21.3.09. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

PROPERTY: Taxation in territorial democratic States means that we have no right to our own property and earnings but that, via voting, we have a claim to the property and earnings of all other subjects of it. Panarchies would permit us to separate our interests and property rights from those of others to the extent desired by us. They would not have any compulsory collectivism. - JZ, 23.9.04. - PROPERTY RIGHTS, VOTING, TAXATION, DEMOCRACY & PANARCHISM & POLYARCHISM  VS, COMPULSORY COLLECTIVISM & TERRITORIALISM

PROPERTY: That Proudhon was not an enemy of the institution of property per se is indicated by his book 'Theorie de la Propriete’, in which he viewed property as 'the safeguard of liberty’. Woodcock discusses this book as follows: (Proudhon) 'raises a new antimony- property versus the State. Property represents individualism, the State is the negation of individual liberty, and Proudhon therefore seeks an adjustment of property which will help men to control their own destinies independently of the State’.” - L. A. Rollins, OUTLOOK, Dec. 72. - Ibid: "Woodcock says '(Proudhon's) boldness of expression was intended for emphasis, and what he wished to be understood by property was what he later called ‘the sum of its abuse’". – Clear as mud, once again! (Unless he would have said this only of the “property” that formerly predominated, e.g. conquered and forcefully redistributed lands. - JZ, 24.1.14.) He should have distinguished “property” through theft, robbery, privileges or monopoly as opposed to earned and otherwise rightly acquired property, through labour, services, inventiveness, inheritance, gifts, enterprise etc. - JZ, 18.4.08.

PROPERTY: That rights themselves are property is a legitimate part of our political heritage. John Locke asserted that we have property in our persons as well as in our possessions. Both Thomas Jefferson and James Madison believed that ‘government may not violate, directly or indirectly, ‘the property which individuals have in their opinions, their religion, their persons and their faculties’. - The Incredible Breadmachine, p. 141/42. – INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTY VS. GOVERNMENTS

PROPERTY: That which belongs to all belongs to each.” – Baba Kamma, 50b. - The Wisdom of Israel, ed. by Lewis Browne, Four Square Book, 1962. – An error still popular today. That which belongs to all belongs to no one, because no one can control it in full or significantly. At most he can somewhat abuse it and, since he does not really own it, he does tend to get rather careless about it. – Even infants get to argue and fight when several try to play with the same toy at the same time, under the wrongful assumption that it belongs equally to all of them and this at the same time. - JZ, 23.3.08, 21.3.09. 

PROPERTY: That which is common to the greatest number has the least attention bestowed upon it. Everyone thinks chiefly of his own, hardly ever of the public interest.” - Aristotle. – PUBLIC INTEREST, SELF-INTEREST, EGOISM, SELFISHNESS, INCENTIVES

PROPERTY: The accumulation of property is no guaranty of the development of character, but the development of character, or of any other good whatever, is impossible without property.” - Quoted in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC. Can one truthfully say that people living under totalitarianism and thus with no genuine and comprehensive private property rights, do possess no character traits at all? Do all POW’s, all imprisoned convicts and all inmates of concentration camps and refugee camps, lose all or much of their character and all chances for character development? – JZ, 21.3.09. – & CHARACTER, Q., PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT, MATURITY, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, POLITICIANS, SUBJECTS, PRISONERS

PROPERTY: The alternative to private ownership is ‘public ownership’ – everything in the name of the beehive. Ownership, however, is meaningless in the absence of control. You do not own a home if you have no control over its disposition. When the swarm holds the title to property, the control (ownership) of it is in limbo. A property will get better care if it is all yours than if it is everybody’s in general and nobody’s in particular.” - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.85. – OWNERSHIP, CONTROL, RESPONSIBILITY

PROPERTY: The argument, therefore, boils down to this: the economically perfect society wants the maximum of wealth – houses, railways, electricity plants, steamships, machines, and numbers of other things. All experience shows that the private individual, through private ownership, is the only agent that can be trusted with these things. He makes them, he cares for them, and he passes them on, free of debt, to the next generation.”Sir Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p.222. - CONTROL

PROPERTY: The axiom of liberty is one’s inalienable right to his property.” - E. Raymond Pastor, LAISSEZ FAIRE REVIEW, 3-4/74. – While the right to property is inalienable, the property itself is all too alienable, e.g. through taxation or other thefts or robberies. – JZ, 21.3.09. – INDIVIDUAL RIGHT & LIBERTY

PROPERTY: The beauty of the private property system is not only that it is just, but also that the just system so established ushers in, institutes and enshrines the reign of liberty.” – John Morley, according to Walter Grinder’s bibliography. – Whatever is left to us of property rights has not yet ushered in, instituted and enshrined the reign of liberty. – Something more is required to achieve that. – JZ, 21.3.09. - JUSTICE, LIBERTY, KNOWLEDGE & APPRECIATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES & THEIR PROTECTION BY A SUITABLE MILITIA

PROPERTY: The better sort of 'Saviours' have invented seductive phrases which have heretofore beguiled me into expressions of admiration, until more discernment taught me to distrust their tendency. One was that 'Property has its duties as well as its rights.' Property, honestly come by, is for security, pleasure, and power. It has no obligations save those dictated by its interests. All men have a right to an equitable chance of property for the ends of protection and enjoyment; and in a justly organized society there ought not to exist either the necessity or duty of parting with it, when rightly obtained. When something is required to be done for those who have no means for doing it for themselves, the richer people are now expected to assist in providing what is wanted. - What is this but a humanitarian confiscation of the property of those from whom such help is exacted? What is this but industrial mendicancy on the part of those who receive it?” - George Jacob Holyoake: State Socialism, in "19th. Century Opinion", p.229. – WELFARE STATE, COMPULSORY REDISTRIBUTION, TAXATION, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, BUDGET

PROPERTY: The church … enjoins that the right of property and of its disposal, which are derived from nature, should in every case remain inviolate.” – Pope Leo XIII, Quod apostolici muneris, Dec. 28, 1878.

PROPERTY: The clergyman may tell you, you are a man, with a soul, but you sense that without the right of property you are somewhat less of a man than the one who can dispose of your production as he wills.” – Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax, … p.19.

PROPERTY: The Constitution was essentially an economic document based upon the concept that the fundamental rights of private property are anterior to government and morally beyond the reach of popular majorities.” – Charles A. Beard, The Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States, 1935, introduction, conclusion. – Quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations.

PROPERTY: The control of his own property by the individual, and the liberty of the individual can never be separated from each other. They must stand, or fall, together. Property, when earned, is the product of faculties, and results from their free exercise; and, when inherited, represents the full right of a man, free from all imaginary and usurped control of others, to deal as he likes with his own. Destroy the rights of property, and you will also destroy both the material and the moral foundations of liberty. To all men and women, rich or poor, belong their own faculties, and as a consequence, equally belongs to them all that they can honestly gain in free and open competition, through the exercise of those faculties.” – Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p.347.

PROPERTY: The drive to possess is the strongest of all - and it embraces all others.” - JZ, 52. – Obviously, for some it is not the strongest drive. E.g. not for the victims of taxation and of conscription and of compulsory schooling. – JZ, 21.3.09.

PROPERTY: The earth and all things therein are the general property of all mankind, exclusive of other beings, from the immediate gift of the creator.” – Blackstone, quoted by Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy, A Mentor Book, 1955, p.92. - So, a probably non-existing being can grant an exclusive and rightful title to just one species among millions? Property means also control. Can anyone or any group really “control” the Earth? Including e.g. floods, storms, earthquakes tidal waves, climate, weather, its rotation around itself, around the sun? What one cannot control cannot really be one’s property. And is mankind a corporate entity, with a title to Earth? – 27.9.00, 11.9.08. - EARTH, MANKIND, GOD, LAND, OWNERSHIP,  Q.

PROPERTY: The eye of the master fattens the steed.” – Spanish Proverb - If that were really and fully true then the owner could save much in fodder and pasture. He would just have to keep his eyes on his animals. - JZ, 21.3.09. 

PROPERTY: the fact that communal property - at least in the shape of tribal ownership – is not an untried experiment, but an experiment condemned by the judgment of past generations, having been deliberately abandoned for the system of enclosure, in most parts of Europe, with the advance of civilization.” - George Brodrick in "Nineteenth Century Opinion", p.234.

PROPERTY: The first and most fundamental principle, therefore, if one would undertake to alleviate the condition of the masses, would be the inviolability of private property.” - Leo XIII, Rerum Novarum, May 15, 1891.

PROPERTY: The first thing youngsters must understand is the morality inherent in Natural Law. Once understood, freedom and free enterprise automatically fall into place. They must learn that property rights and human rights cannot be separated. - Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.362. - Underlining by me: JZ

PROPERTY: the freedom of the individual is commensurate with the amount of his property he is able to dispose of, as he sees fit, and the power of the State is commensurate with its confiscations. And this is so even if the confiscated property is spend in ways that, according to the State, rebound to its benefit. A well-kept slave is still a slave.” – Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.104. – TAXATION, SLAVERY, WELFARE STATE, INDEPENDENCE, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, GOVERNMENT SPENDING

PROPERTY: The fundamental organizing principle in human affairs is property. It is a convention whereby people can get together respecting the use of things. In order to get together, they must first have reference to some standard or shared principle or expectation! Outside their own immediate and personal desires in the matter. There must be some objective criterion. The convention of property is such an impersonal referent, a basis on which to arrive at a consensus.” – Spencer H. MacCallum, The Art of Community, p.76.

PROPERTY: The fundamental right of property on which John Dickinson relies in the Farmer’s Letters (‘we cannot be free without being secure in our property, and we cannot be secure in our property if without our consent others may as by right take it away’), was not so fundamental in the system of the English constitution that you could resist parliamentary taxes to which you had not consented either personally or by your representatives. …” - Sir Ernest Barker, p.226 of ? (Chapter “Traditions of Civility”). - TAXATION, PARLIAMENTS, CONSENT

PROPERTY: The government does not … recognize a man’s right to his property, for it engages in taxation; …” - Carl Watner, on Lysander Spooner, in reason, 3/73.

PROPERTY: The great and chief end, therefore, of men’s uniting into commonwealths, and putting themselves under government, is the preservation of their property; to which in the state of nature there are many things wanting.” – John Locke, Two Treaties on Government, 1690, ch.9. – Quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations. - They might as well have submitted to the Mafia for this purpose. Its commission for its protection racked might have been smaller. – It would not have put up so many false fronts and pretentious institutions. - JZ, 25.2.08. - Was there ever a greater and longer lasting failure of good intentions? – JZ, 13.3.08. – STATISM, BENEVOLENCE, GOOD OR PRETENTED BENEVOLENT INTENTIONS

PROPERTY: the great bulk of the people today want a revolution to establish justice in property rights – not a revolution to eliminate private property. (*) In America, most people either own or hope to own property. (**). They consistently oppose any social change which would deny them their just property rights.” – George O’Brien, Students for a Libertarian Society, in LIBERTY, vol. 1, No. 1, Sept./Oct. 1978. - (*) - I very much doubt that they want a “revolution” for this purpose, which might be too high a price to pay for it. – Why should one assume that a revolution would be necessary for this purpose? – Voluntary and exterritorialist one-man-revolutions would be quite another matter. - (**) They all own already themselves, or should, - JZ, 13.3.08. – JUSTICE, REVOLUTION, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, TAX STRIKE

PROPERTY: The idea that all ills of mankind – greed, violence, corruption, cruelty, poverty - all stemmed from the institution of private property and would disappear if the state owned all, or nearly all, is against history, common sense and human nature. These ills are as old as mankind. They are at their worst where the state is strongest.” – Sir Keith Joseph, 1976. – Was Sir K. J. aware and are most other people aware, that under fully free exchange, including full monetary and financial freedom, most people could soon earn much more than their own subsistence, that then they could literally proceed from “rags to riches”? (*) But almost all ignore the free transferability that could thus be achieved for consumer goods, services and labour power, knowledge and skills. They do wrongly assume that governments could and would provide everyone with sufficient sound exchange media and good enough value standards to achieve that, i.e., to make the sale of goods, services and labour easy. – (*) Instance for this, abound, especially among immigrants, and formerly poor students, even under today’s still all too numerous anti-economic and legal restrictions, including especially, monetary and financial despotism, with their inflations, deflations, stagflations and impoverishment. Under monetary and financial freedom the cases of success would be much more numerous and could hardly any longer be widely ignored, under full economic freedom or free markets, in every sphere, even if, initially, they would be practised only among volunteers. – Only full monetary freedom could keep the money supply of sound exchange media, using sound value standards, in balance with the increased supply of goods, services and labour and this with the usual and competitive free market arrangements, applied in this sphere as well. - JZ, 13.3.08. – Only under voluntary taxation or contribution schemes would incomes and properties be rightly used in full by those, who earned them or own them. – JZ, 24.1.14. - CRIME, COMMUNISM, STATE SOCIALISM, FREE EXCHANGE, EASY SALES, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, FULL EMPLOYMENT, JOBS APLENTY, VOLUNTARY TAXATION OR CONTRIBUTIONS VS. COMPULSORY ONES

PROPERTY: The incentive of private ownership is far more powerful than the sentimental thrust of laboring for-the-good-of-all.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.86. – FREE VS. COMPULSORY LABOUR

PROPERTY: The individual right to do as he may wish with his own property does not include the right to do as he may wish with someone else’s. The fact that an individual owns a baseball does not mean that he has the right to hurl it through someone else’s window. This is not a limitation of property rights by “society” or by the State; it is merely the recognition of the equal property rights of other individuals.” - The Incredible Breadmachine, p.142. – Quoted in THE FREEMAN, 10/75.

PROPERTY: The initiative creating the California Coastal Commission and similar such proposals before Congress not only regulates a person’s private property according to the vote of the majority, but there is no compensation for any damages incurred by the implementation of such regulations. The State controls your property. You just have the title.” - The Incredible Breadmachine, p.150. – Quoted in THE FREEMAN, 10/75. - And your tax “obligation”. – JZ, 1976. – Land strips along the coastline are in my opinion natural monopolies. These would best be administered, in the interest the whole population, mostly living further inland, by the practice of “open cooperatives”. I remember once seeking access to the Baltic Sea, at the end of a long bicycle trip from Berlin. It took me a long while to find it, since for long stretches it was totally blocked off by private properties. The Baltic ocean, including a coastal strip, should belong to everybody, at least as far as access and rational usage is concerned. Here the concept of “land monopoly” does make some sense. – JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: The instinct of ownership is fundamental in man’s nature.” - William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, XI, 1902. - Apparently, in communists and State socialists it is not strong enough. Or are they inhuman? When they behave dogmatically and intolerantly towards others, who do not agree with them, then this is, indeed, an inhuman trait, by which they not only ignore the individual rights of others by also lose some of their own. For only those, who are moral and rational enough to recognize and respect all the genuine individual rights and liberties of others, when the others do want to practise them, can also lay rightfully claim to all these rights and liberties for themselves. – JZ, 21.3.09, 17.2.11, 24.1.14. – Criminals & aggressors lose at least some of their rights and liberties for some time or for the rest of their lives. – JZ, 24.1.14. - PANARCHISM, GENUINE INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & RESPECT FOR THEM, AT LEAST IN OTHERS, WHO DO CLAIM THEM FOR THEMSELVES. ONE DOES NOT HAVE TO USE THEM FOR ONESELF.

PROPERTY: The institution of private property, the dispersion of power and importance that goes with it, has been a main factor in producing that limited amount of free-and-equalness which Marx hoped to render infinite by abolishing this institution.” – Max Eastman, Reflections on the Failure of Socialism, p.107. – EQUALITY, FREEDOM, LIBERATION, MARX, COMMUNISM, STATE SOCIALISM

PROPERTY: the institutions of private property are the machinery of freedom, making it possible in a complicated and interdependent world, for each person to pursue his life as he sees fit." - David Friedman: The Machinery of Freedom.

PROPERTY: The inviolability of property (*) is not simply the material interest of one class who happen today to possess it; it is the supreme interest of all classes.” (**) Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and The Great Machine, p.74. - (*) Every hour violated a million-fold by taxes! - (**) Because self-ownership is also involved. - JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: The last point for consideration is the supposed disposition of the people to interfere with the rights of property. So essential does it appear to me, to the cause of good government, that the rights or property should be held sacred, that I would agree to deprive those of the elective franchise against whom it could justly be alleged that they considered it their interest to invade them.” – David Ricardo, Observations on Parliamentary Reform, THE SCOTSMAN, April 24, 1824. – Quoted in Seldes, The Great Quotations. – VOTING, ANTI-CAPITALISTM MENTALITY, “SOAK THE RICH” ADVOCATES, PROGRESSIVE TAXATION

PROPERTY: The liberty of the press, trial by jury, the Habeas Corpus Writ, even Magna Carta itself, although justly deemed the palladia of freedom, are all inferior considerations, when compared with the general distribution of real property among every class of people.” - Noah Webster, quoted in G. Seldes, The Great Quotations.

PROPERTY: The loss of freedom can occur in two ways: by imposing control on the persons of others, or by imposing control on properties belonging to others. - To impose control on any property belonging to another is to impose a control on at least a portion of the other's life. All properties owned by a person represent an expenditure of a portion of the person's life energy. Thus, no person can maintain freedom while imposing controls on the properties of others for any reason.” - LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Fall 78.

PROPERTY: The man who is not permitted to own is owned.” - George Santayana. – Quoted in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC.

PROPERTY: The modern mystics of muscle who offer you the fraudulent alternative of ‘human rights’ versus ‘property rights’, as if one could exist without the other, are making a last, grotesque attempt to revive the doctrine of soul versus body. Only a ghost can exist without material property; only a slave can work with no right to the product of his effort. The doctrine that ‘human rights’ are superior to ‘property rights’ simply means that some human beings have the right to make property out of others; since the competent have nothing to gain from the incompetent, it means the right of the incompetent to own their betters and to use them as productive cattle. Whoever regards this as human and right, has no right to the title of ‘human’.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.986. -

PROPERTY: The more widely property is distributed and the more millions there are to share in it, the more will the British democracy continue to have the spirit of individual independence and the more they will turn their backs on the (Socialist) delusion that one ought to be proud of being totally dependent on the State.” Winston Churchill, Edinburgh, 14.2.1950, quoted in Dr Rhodes Boyson, editor, Goodbye to Nationalization, IV.  There is a very great difference between e.g. all non-working citizens and all working citizens owning each e.g. 1 share in each of the State “enterprises” of Great Britain and the situation, where all the workers in an enterprise own all or the majority of shares in only this enterprise. For only in the latter case are their interests as workers sufficiently combined with their interests as owners. An all too divided responsibility is none. Thus it is even advisable to largely subdivide responsibilities down to voluntary and cooperative work teams in large enterprises, each with a separate profit and loss account. – JZ, 13.3.08. – The distribution of property must only occur through rightful acquisitions rather than through a central authority. The existing riches must not be shared, directly, by all, although indirectly all do already benefit from them. Instead, all must get the chance to acquire riches in form of productive capital, including automatic machinery and robots, by their own efforts. By efforts I do not mean voting for them and with the vote depriving others of their property. - JZ, 17.2.11, 24.1.14. - VOTING, NATIONALIZATION, SPREAD OR DECENTRALIZATION OF PROPERTY, DEMOCRACY, INDIVIDUAL INDEPENDENCE, DEPENDENCE ON STATE SOCIALISM, COMBINATION OF LABOR WITH OWNERSHIP IN THE PRODUCTIVE CAPITAL WITH WHICH ONE WORKS, MACHINES, AUTOMATONS, ROBOTS, FEAR OF LOSS OF JOBS, CUSTOMERS & INCOMES THROUGH TECHNOLOGY, A SOCIETY OF PROPRIETORS, OF PRODUCTIVE PROPERTIES, RIGHTFULLY ACQUIRED

PROPERTY: the noted Marxist, Max Eastman, who observed: It seems obvious to me now - though I was slow coming to the conclusion - that the institution of private property, the dispersion of power and importance that goes with it, has been a main factor in producing that limited amount of free-and-equalness which Marx hoped to render infinite by abolishing this institution.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 54. - FREEDOM, EQUALITY, MARX

PROPERTY: The only dependable foundation of personal liberty is the personal economic security of private property.” - Walter Lippmann. - The territorial government, through taxation and inflation is the greatest robber and has largely monopolized police and court protection and also robs us through various other legalized monopolies. So how much security for our property does it actually provide? It does not even catch and convict all the private criminals. - In which country is private property as completely protected as possible? And how much liberty can we expect from any government that cannot or will not even provide a complete and consistent declaration of individual rights and liberties? - JZ, 23.2.08. - LIBERTY, SECURITY, ECONOMICS, GOVERNMENT, PROTECTION, HUMAN RIGHTS.

PROPERTY: The possession of uranium or plutonium by your neighbour is even more wrong than his possession of e.g. 100 tons of TNT on his property. No such object is merely private property, not to be interfered with, since it endangers hundreds to thousands of non-consenting others. In such instances one does not have to wait for an abuse or explosion to actually occur. Prevention is then the only cure. – JZ, 11/78. – RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, MASS MURDER DEVICES, NUCLEAR REACTORS

PROPERTY: The power of perpetuating our property in our families is one of the most valuable and interesting circumstances belonging to it, and that which tends the most to the perpetuation of society itself.” - Edmund Burke, 1729-1797. - LAST WILL & TESTAMENT, INHERITANCE, DEATH DUTIES

PROPERTY: The principle of human rights, including the principle of individual ownership, thus provides an absolute guide to proper human action. … that which an individual possesses by right (including his own life and property) are morally his to use, dispose of and even destroy, …” – Dr Duncan Yuille, Human Rights, his pamphlet written for the Australian libertarian Workers Party in the middle 70’s.

PROPERTY: The principle of property … is the principle of one’s personal ownership, control and dominion of and over any thing. The legal idea of property is that one thing belongs to one man and another thing to another, and that neither of these persons have a right to any voice in the control or disposal of what belongs to the other.” (10) “A thing is his and not the world’s. If the whole world can offer a person no inducement sufficient to procure his free consent to part with it, they must leave him in the quiet enjoyment of what is his own.” (11) – Carl Watner in DANDELION, Spring 77, quoting Lysander Spooner.

PROPERTY: The program of [classical] liberalism, condensed into a single word, would have to read: property.” - Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973), Austrian Economist and Author. – Provided one comprehends under property also all forms of free exchange, which Mises, alas, did not! – JZ, 10.3.09. – PROPERTY, THE ESSENCE OF CLASSICAL LIBERALISM, FREE EXCHANGE, FULL MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

PROPERTY: The Proprietary Principle: The fundamental organizing principle in human affairs is property. It is a convention whereby people can get together respecting the use of things. In order to get together, they must first have reference to some standard or shared principle or expectation outside their own immediate and personal desires in the matter. There must be some objective criterion. The convention of property is such an impersonal referent, a basis on which to arrive at a consensus.” - Spencer Heath Mac Callum, The Art of Community, p.76. - Is it only a convention or a natural law, and individual human right? I am inclined towards the latter view. – JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: The purpose of this book is to argue [persuade you] that a libertarian society would be both free and attractive, that the institutions of private property are the machinery of freedom, making it possible in a complicated and interdependent world, for each person to pursue his life as he sees fit.” - David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, Introduction, XVI, quoted in LAISSEZ FAIRE CATALOG, 11/74. – In later writings he went much further towards voluntarism, laissez faire, free competition, contracts and choices in all spheres, i.e. towards competing law systems, panarchism, and polyarchism. – JZ, 24.1.14.

PROPERTY: The reason why men enter into society is the preservation of their property.” - John Locke. - Well, some people want to have their own property in their own person protected, too, and this much more so than a governmental monopoly police force can. By now governments rather outlawed and disarmed self-defence efforts and grants aggressors indemnification claims against those of their victims who successfully defended themselves! - JZ, 27.11.02. - & SOCIETY, GUN CONTROL LAWS, VICTIM DISARMAMENT, CRIME, MILITIA, SELF-DEFENCE

PROPERTY: The reason why men enter into society is the preservation of their property.” – John Locke, Treatise on Government, II, 1690. - The reason why they still put up with territorial States is their delusion that thereby their property rights are more defended than offended against. - But the fact that e.g. they do already hire more private security service men than there are official policemen, paid out of taxes, does indicate that territorial Statism is fading away. - Richard Cornuelle, in “Healing America. What Can Be Done About the Continuing Economic Crisis”, brings many instances on the history and present condition of the independent third sector, as opposed to the public and private sector. He is also the author of at least two other excellent, although not fully libertarian or panarchistic books: Reclaiming the American Dream and De-Managing America. - If he had been aware of full monetary freedom as well … - JZ, 30.3.08. - Some criminal policemen try even to stop witnesses from photographing their wrongful assaults. At least in some countries there are now some efforts made, to equip all policemen with cameras, which are automatically recording their actions. – JZ, 24.1.14. - SELF-DEFENCE NOT ONLY OF PHYSICAL PROPERTY BUT ALSO OF LIFE, LIMBS, PHYSICAL INVIOLABILITY OF ONESELF, FAMILITY MEMBERS, FRIENDS & EVEN OTHER INNOCENTS BEING ASSAULTED.

PROPERTY: The Revolution for the individual's right to own property has hardly begun on this earth. This right does not exist in Asia or in Africa, nor in continental Europe at this moment." - Rose Wilder Lane: The Discovery of Freedom, p.182. - Full individual sovereignty or self-ownership is nowhere fully realized as yet nor all the consequences of it, like individual secessionism and freedom for personal law associations of volunteers, i.e. full freedom of contract, association and experimentation in spheres now monopolized by territorial governments. - JZ, 24.1.14. - PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW

PROPERTY: The right of absolute and irresponsible dominion is the right of property, and the right of property is the right of absolute, irresponsible dominion. The two are identical; the one necessarily implying the other. Neither can exist without the other. If, therefore, Congress have that absolute and irresponsible law-making power, which the Constitution – according to their interpretation of it – gives them, it can only be because they own us as property. If they own us as property, they are our masters, and their will is our law. If they do not own us as property, they are not our masters, and their will, as such, is of no authority over us.” – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI/24, in Works, I. - He expressed himself very similar in A Letter to Grover Cleveland, Works I, p.12: “The right of arbitrary, irresponsible dominion is the right of property; and the right of property is the right of arbitrary, irresponsible dominion. The two are identical. There is no difference between them. Neither can exist without the other. If, therefore, our so-called lawmakers really have that right of arbitrary, irresponsible dominion over us, which they claim to have, and which they habitually exercise, it must be because they own us as property. If they own us as property, it must be because nature made us their property; for, as no man can sell himself as a slave, we could never make a binding contract that should make us heir property - or, what is the same thing, give them any right of arbitrary, irresponsible dominion over us. - As a lawyer, you certainly ought to know that all this is true.” – PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, POLITICIANS, CONGRESS, PARLIAMENT, TERRITORIALISM, LAWS

PROPERTY: The right of private property is founded in the nature of men and things. Exclusive property multiplies the produce of the earth. Who would cultivate the soil and sow the grain if he had no special interest in the harvest? Who would rear and tend the flocks and herds if they could be taken from him by anyone who should come to demand them? … What belongs to no one is wasted by everyone. What belongs to one man in particular is the object of his economy and care. Exclusive property prevents disorder and promotes peace.” - James Wilson, member of the Continental Congress and signer of the Declaration of Independence. - VS. COLLECTIVISM, OR NATIONALIZED “PROPERTY”, TOTALITARIANISM, STATISM, STATE SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM

PROPERTY: The right of private property, the fruit of labor or industry, or of concession or donation by others, is an incontrovertible natural right; and everybody can dispose reasonably of such property as he thinks fit.” - Oliver Wendell Holmes - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – Pope Pius X: Apostolic Letter to the Bishops of Italy on Catholic Social Action, Dec. 18, 1903. - Obviously, no one has the right to spoil, by chemical, biological or radioactive poisons any land for future use by others, no more so than he has the right to so spoil the air or water sources. - JZ, 30.3.08. – POLLUTION, ABC MASS MURDER DEVICES, NWT

PROPERTY: the right of property is the right of supreme, absolute, and irresponsible dominion over anything that is naturally a subject of property, - that is, of ownership. It is a right against all the world. (1886, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.32/33.) – Quoted by Charles Chiveley in his introduction, Spooner, Works I, p.53.

PROPERTY: The right to enjoy property is in truth a ‘personal’ right. …” - Supreme Court ruling, reported in WALL STREET JOURNAL, 24.3.72.

PROPERTY: The right to hold and control property is basic to capitalism and therefore to economic freedom. Man is a material organism who experiences value (happiness) in his relationship with material object. He is not a disembodied intellect who pursues purely conceptual ends. He finds value in his commerce with the real, objective world, through his power over and control of things. - “Just as man can’t exist without his body, so nor rights can exist without the right to translate one’s rights into reality - to think, to work and to keep the results, which means: the right of property.” - Ayn Rand, America’s Persecuted Minority: Big Business, p.6. - O’Neill, Ayn Rand, p.50. - CAPITALISM, ECONOMIC FREEDOM, RIGHTS

PROPERTY: The right to hold property is a natural right. It is the safeguard of family life, the stimulus and the reward of work.” – Pastoral Letter of the French Roman Catholic Hierarchy, Spring 1919.

PROPERTY: The right to life is also a property right. – JZ, 4.10,94. - SELF-OWNERSHIP, HUMAN RIGHTS, RIGHT TO LIFE

PROPERTY: The right to life would be of little value if it were not accompanied by the right to exploit the material environment in a way to sustain life. This is the property right.” - Oscar, W. Cooley, THE FREEMAN, 8/76. - RIGHT TO LIFE

PROPERTY: The right to own property involves the right to use it, to keep it, to give it away, or to exchange it. Unless this is possible, one does not own property. To lay obstacles in the path of ownership, use, or exchange of property is a violation of the human right to own property.” - Curtiss, The Tariff Idea, p.75.

PROPERTY: The right to own property is the newest of these rights. American revolutionists were the first to see the simple fact that no man can use his natural freedom, if he has not right to stand upon this earth. No one can act freely, if by merely living he is a trespasser upon property that Government - the King, the Squire, or the Commune  owns. - This is the reason why the counter-revolutionists who are attacking man's inalienable right to freedom, first attack his legal right to own property. (*) Private property is the first individual right that Lenin, Stalin, Mussolini and Hitler abolish.”-  Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.183. - (*) Especially property in arms! - JZ - One should not idealize even the Founding Fathers. - Did they clearly recognize the property rights of Red Indians and Negroes? - Or even those of white Royalists, during the Revolution? - Did they not also rob via taxation and inflation? - Is the right to own and bear arms fully recognized even today? - The founding fathers certainly did not allow the slaves to arm themselves or recognize their right to revolution. - 20 000 anti-gun laws in the US alone, according to some writings. - JZ, 13.3.08. - Even the modern large nation States which are, largely, made up of relatively recent immigrants, do not even recognize any more the individual right to migrate freely, just as they do not recognized all too many other individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 25.1.14. -VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, POWER

PROPERTY: The right to personal property is already an anarchistic, voluntaristic and equal right, recognized by all but coercive equalizers, aggressors, dictators, other expropriators, totalitarian and coercive property sharers and distributors and private robbers and thieves. – JZ, 15.12.86, 30.3.08.

PROPERTY: The right to possess the fruits of one's toil is the keystone of society and even of human life.” - Bastiat – in G. C. Roche III: Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.49. )

PROPERTY: The right to property is not the right to just take it from others, for this would interfere with their property rights. It is rather the right to work for it, to obtain non-coercively, the money or services, which you can present in voluntary exchange. …” - John Hospers, in “The Libertarian Alternative.”

PROPERTY: the rights of human beings include the right not to have one’s property disposed of by the votes of others.” – Joan Kennedy Taylor, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 11/77. - VOTING, HUMAN RIGHTS

PROPERTY: The sense of property is graciously bestowed on mankind for the purpose of rousing them from sloth, and stimulating them to action; and as long as the right of acquisition is exercised in conformity to the social relations and the moral obligations, which spring from them, it ought to be sacredly protected. The natural and active sense of property pervades the foundations of social improvement. It leads to the cultivation of the earth, the institution of government, the establishment of justice, the acquisition of the comforts of life, the growth of the useful arts, the spirit of commerce, the productions of taste, the erections of charity and the display of the benevolent affections.”  James Kent, quoted in THE FREE MAN’S ALMANAC. - Territorial governments have largely failed as protector of rights and providers of justice. - JZ, 17.2.11.

PROPERTY: The specialist who saves and develops tools becomes ever more specialized and efficient. And it is to the advantage of every participant in the market to encourage the saver and investor by respecting and protecting his property - even though the result is greater inequality of wealth than before. Otherwise, there soon would be no incentive for anyone to save or invest in the tools of production, the facilities of trade.” - Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.22. - CAPITAL, INEQUALITY, WEALTH, SELF-INTEREST, RICHES, SUCCESS

PROPERTY: The spirit of property doubles a man’s strength.” - Voltaire, “Property”, Philosophical Dictionary, 1764. - Does, it, towards a mugger, robber or tribute levying territorial State? - JZ, 17.2.11. - For rightful self-defence more than a mere spirit is required, e.g. the right to own and bear property like a gun, is one is not a Bruce Lee in unarmed self-defence. - JZ, 25.1.14.

PROPERTY: The State controls your property. You just have the title.” - From: The Incredible Breadmachine.

PROPERTY: The State is the enemy of all property not yet in its own hands - and once it has any property in its hands it does largely waste it or abuse it. - JZ, 14.2.86, 30.3.08. – COERCIVE COMMUNISM, COLLECTIVISM, NATIONALIZATION

PROPERTY: The system of private property is the most important guaranty of freedom, not only for those who own property, but scarcely less for those who do not.” – Friedrich A. von Hayek, in "The Road to Serfdom." - in  – The primary property is self-ownership. From it or the very nature of human beings with a minimum or rationality do arise all other property-rights and all other individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 1.4.12. – SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & EXTERNAL PRIVATE PROPERTY, RIGHTS & LIBERTIES OF INDIVIDUALS, IMPORTANT FOR RICH & POOR ALIKE

PROPERTY: The three ends, which a statesman ought to propose to himself in the government of a nation, are – 1. Security to possessors; 2. Facility to acquirers; and 3. Hope to all. - S. T. Coleridge, 1772-1834. – But what do they really offer? 1. Taxes and confiscations, 2. Numerous obstructions for entrepreneurs and exchangers, 3.) The usual empty political promises, for they have nothing to give what they have not first to take from others. – JZ, 13.3.08. – Instead of a comprehensive and clear declaration of all individual rights and liberties, which would greatly reduce their territorial powers, if not altogether abolish them as wrongful, they just offer some general and largely useless phrases like the above. Imagine any architect or technician offering only such useless phrases for a construction, instead of a clear blueprint and directions. But then this is the very nature of most territorial politicians. – 25.1.14. - TERRITORIALISM, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, MERE GENERAL PHRASES & EMPTY PROMISES BY POLITICIANS, POWER GAMES BY POWER ADDICTS VS. INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, STATISM, NATIONALISM

PROPERTY: The truth is that private ownership of property is the greatest instrument of freedom ever designed and it is sheer folly to speak of granting a man freedom while withholding that instrument from him.” - Bertel M. Sparks, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – Here some people seem to overlook that cooperative ownership of enterprises is also a kind of private property and, in its best forms possible the most productive one, providing capitalist incentives to every member of a firm. – JZ, 10.1.08. - PRIVATE & FREEDOM, COOPERATIVES, SELF-MANAGEMENT

PROPERTY: There are valuable human activities, which require the motive of money-making and the environment of private wealth-ownership for their full fruition. … It is better that a man should tyrannise over his bank balance than over his fellow citizens.” – John Maynard Keynes, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, 1936, 1947 edition. - WEALTH, CAPITAL, PROFIT, CAPITALISTS, OWNERSHIP, INCENTIVES

PROPERTY: There can be to the ownership of anything no rightful title which is not derived from the title of the producers and does not rest upon the natural right of the man to himself.” – Henry George, Progress and Poverty, VII, 1879. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP

PROPERTY: There is a corollary to this principle that property is the only power that can act as a counterweight to the State, because it shows no reverence to princes, rebels against society and is, in short, anarchist. The corollary is that property, an absolutism within an absolutism, is also an element of division within States.” – Proudhon, Property, p. 144. (1863-64.) – While often full of concise and deep insights, Proudhon was also a user of mere provocative word games, like “property is theft” – which, in his time already, did largely applied only to whatever was left of feudalistic real estate and to the territorialism of territorial States, which deprives all their subjects of individual sovereignty, self-ownership and the personal law alternatives which many dissenting groups of like-minded volunteers would prefer fro themselves. – JZ, 13.3.08, 25.1.14.  – Again, no clarification but further confusion. – So far, property owners, businessmen, entrepreneurs etc. have all too meekly submitted to taxation, inflations, deflations and stagflations, even to Warfare States, rather than using, what was left to them, of all their opportunities to use their individual rights and liberties, for effective defence efforts against territorial statism and its inherent infringements of these rights and liberties. They provided the sanction of the victims. – Property rights are just one type of individual rights and liberties that are suppressed or all too much restricted by the territorial State. – Nevertheless, the owners and earners still let themselves be fooled, in most instances, to consider the territorial State to be their protector and helper instead of as their greatest enemy, threat and persistent robber and exploiter as well as mis-leader into wars and economic crises and enemy of many rightful and effective self-help methods and institutions. - JZ, 18.4.08, 25.1.14. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, STATE AS THE MAIN ENEMY, WARS, CRISES, TAXATION, WELFARE STATE

PROPERTY: there is always a difficulty in living together, or having things in common, but especially in having common property.” – Aristotle – COMMUNISM, COMPULSORY COLLECTIVISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROPERTY: there is no such dichotomy as ‘human rights’ versus ‘property rights’. No human rights can exist without property rights … To deny property rights means to turn men into property owned by the state.” – Ayn Rand, in O’Neill, Ayn Rand, p.51. – Free speech, for example, requires self-ownership and access to suitable places for free speech going beyond mere personal conversation and discussion, e.g. the ownership; or lease of a meeting room or the availability of an open-air free speech centre.  JZ, 1.11.76, 21.3.09.

PROPERTY: There is no way to launch an assault upon a man’s property without at the same time assaulting him. To put it another way, lack of respect for property is part and parcel of lack of respect for the owner of it. Every property owner surely feels this; it tends to be one of his reasons for going to the defense of his property.” – Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 2/78.

PROPERTY: There is not right which is not property, and there is no property which, if not a right in itself, is not a fruit of the exercise of a right.” - The Incredible Breadmachine, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 10/75. - The rights e.g. to secede of an individual, to think, to learn, to speak and write, to resist infringements of individual rights, do involve only self-ownership or individual sovereignty, not any ownership of productive capital. If a comprehensive declaration of all genuine individual rights were finally produced, could a commentary to it really derive all of them from the right to acquire and possess property, apart from the self-ownership right? - If that is the case then the propertarians would have a special interest in providing such a declaration. So far they have managed to avoid that job, just like the politicians have and also almost all other kinds of anarchists and libertarians, with all too few exceptions from this rule. - JZ, 17.2.11, 25.1.14. – DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROPERTY: There is, of course, a difference between what one seizes and what one really possesses.” – Pearl S. Buck, What America Means to Me, 1943, p.2. – And what one is also quite free to practise, consistent with the practice of the same rights and liberties by all other non-criminal and non-aggressive people. – JZ, 25.1.14.

PROPERTY: There ought to be no laws to guarantee property against the folly of its possessors. In the absence of such laws, capital inherited by a spendthrift will be squandered and re-accumulated in the hands of men who are fit and competent to hold it. So it should be, and under such a state of things there is no reason to desire to limit the property which any man may acquire.” – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.50.

PROPERTY: There’s a perennial tendency on the part of priests and intellectuals to distinguish between “mere” economic or property rights and “human” rights, which are said to be of a higher order. Such a distinction is inherently absurd, since all rights, … are human rights.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.122. - VS. HUMAN RIGHTS? PROPERTY RIGHTS

PROPERTY: There) can be no conflict between human rights and property rights. The latter are but an aspect of the former. And thus those men who claim to be 'placing human rights above property rights' are in reality attacking both.” – Dr Duncan Yuille, Human Rights. – A pamphlet of the Australian libertarian party, called in the 1970’s the “Workers Party” & later the “Progress Party”.

PROPERTY: They shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree.” – Bible, Daniel, 44, 1. – Hyman Quotations, p.50. – They, too, should not be a gift to him but indicate a right to earn them by his own efforts, apart from individually given gifts and inheritances. – Not one of the “holy” books, supposedly dictated by a “god”, contains a comprehensive declaration of the individual rights and liberties of his or her supposed “children”, which does not indicate sufficient fatherly or motherly “love”, regardless of how much “love” is indicated as a panacea or general solution to all problems. – In this respect the all too real, oppressive, dominating, monopolistic and exploitative territorial governments act just like the “gods” of all the religions and not as universal enlightenment forced and protectors. - JZ, 17.2.11, 14.1.14. – BIBLE, HOLY BOOKS, LOVE, GODS, RELIGIONS

PROPERTY: they who have no property, can have no freedom, but are indeed subject to the most abject slavery.” – Stephen Hopkins, 1764. – He, too, underestimated the importance of self-ownership of free labourers and tradesmen, who can accumulate, under free market conditions, all kinds of productive or consumer capital (housing) relatively fast and easily. That would be much easier still under Free Trade, Free Migration and Free Banking as well as Full Financial Freedom, properly understood and used. – JZ, 30.3.08. – If there were no building and zoning restrictions, then, e.g., almost all of those presently homeless could at least acquire a second-hand tent and rent the small space required for it. If there were no monetary despotism then almost all of the homeless people could get a paying job, paid in a competing sound currency with e.g. shop foundation. – JZ, 25.1.14. - FREEDOM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SUBJUGATION, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, STATES, HOMELESS PEOPLE & “CIVILIZED” STATES

PROPERTY: This taking of a man’s property, without his consent, is a denial of his right of property, for the right of property is the right of supreme, absolute, and irresponsible dominion over anything that is naturally subject to property, that is, of ownership. It is a right against all the world. And this right of property – this right of supreme, absolute, and irresponsible dominion over anything that is naturally a subject of ownership – is subject only to this qualification, viz., that each man must so use his own, as not to injure another. - If A uses his own property so as to injure the persons or property of B, his own property may rightly be taken to any extent that is necessary to make reparation for the wrong he has done. - This is the only qualification to which the natural right of property is subject.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, Works I, p.32/33. - TAXATION

PROPERTY: Those who launched this American experiment believed that each of us has an inalienable right to life, which includes the right to protect and sustain that life. The sustenance of life requires the right to control the fruits of one’s labor, that is, one’s honestly acquired property. Without these corollary rights, the right to life itself has no meaning.” – Ben Moreell, Log I, p.119. - AMERICANISM

PROPERTY: Those who pretend to be protectors of genuine property rights (self-ownership and earned property, for instance) are today all too often in favour of fraudulent and political “property” (collectively, i.e. irresponsibly held) in people and all their possessions. They are really in favour of owning and manipulating, using, abusing and exploiting, according to their "plans" and "ideals", the population of whole countries, conquering, subjugating, regulating and penning them in like cattle, or convicts in prisons, often even leading them to the slaughters of their wars or other mass-murders, always milking or exploiting them, at least by indirect taxes, while giving this criminal behaviour all kinds of fancy names, like democracy, liberation, peoples' republic, socialism, Welfare State, social justice etc. This is the only real abuse of "property" that exists, apart from the wrongful privileges and monopolies that territorial States have granted to some companies and corporations, at the expense and risk of the rest of the population. - JZ – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENT-GRANTED MONOPOLIES & PRIVILEGES, PROTECTIONISM, CORPORATISM VS. FREE ENTERRISE CORPORATIONS, LEADING TO STATE SOCIALISM & THE ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, INSTEAD OF ENLIGHTENMENT & LIBERATION, TO THE EXTENT THAT PEOPLE DESIRE THEM & CHOOSE THEM FOR THEMSELVES.

PROPERTY: Three species of property are included in the natural rights of every individual. First, the property of his person, which includes the right to use all his faculties and hence the right to labor. Second, the movable property, which consists of the results of his labor. (*) Third, landed property (propriété fonciere). All property is limited by the other properties surrounding it, as all liberty is limited by the other liberties.” – Physiocratic Fundamentals, as described by William Archibald Dunning, From Rousseau to Spencer, p.59. - (*) No gifts, no inheritance, no successful speculation? – JZ, 19.2.08. – LIBERTIES, RIGHTS, LIMITED BY THOSE OF OTHERS, CAPITAL AS PREDONE LABOUR

PROPERTY: Thus the invention of several Property is not selfish, nor could it have been ’invented’ to impose the will of property-owners upon the rest. Rather, it is generally beneficial in that it transfers the guidance of production from the hands of a few individuals who, whatever they may pretend, have limited knowledge, to a process, the extended order, that makes maximum use of the knowledge of all, thereby benefiting those who do not own property nearly as much as those who do. - Nor does freedom of all under the law require that all be able to own individual property but that many people do so. I myself should certainly prefer to be without property in a land in which many others own something, than to have to live where all property is ‘collectively owned’ and assigned by authority to particular uses.” – Hayek, F. A. The Fatal Conceit, p.77/78. – CAPITAL, TRANSFER OF IT, CAPITALISM, BEST UTILIZATION, MANAGEMENT, FINANCIERS, POWER, SELFISHNESS, PUBLIC INTEREST, MOBILIZING ALL ECONOMIC KNOWLEDGE, INCENTIVES VS. COMPULSORY & TERRITORIAL COLLECTIVISM & STATISM, COMMUNISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, CORPORATIONS, SHARE COMPANIES

PROPERTY: To attempt to take away the individual’s right to use and dispose of entities (items? – JZ) which he has created (or obtained in free exchanges with others) is to rob him of the thought, time and effort which he has expended in obtaining them.” – Dr. Duncan Yuille, Human Rights, a pamphlet written for the Workers Party in the middle 70’s.

PROPERTY: To deny property rights means to turn men into property owned by the State.” - Ayn Rand, The Cashing In, Part II, OBJECTIVIST NEWSLETTER, IV,9, Sept. 65, p.40. – PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, SLAVERY, SERFDOM, FEUDALISM, TAXATION

PROPERTY: To each his own. (“Suum cuique.” – “Jedem das Seine.) - Cicero, “de officiis”, I. 5. – Also the motto of Prussia since 1701. – However, Prussia did not abolish taxes, either. – JZ, 13.3.08. - To each his own. No more, no less. – JZ, n.d.

PROPERTY: to find a way in which capitalism can be made more general, with the bulk of our people participating in individual ownership – not the collective ownership by way of government that is advocated by some and practised in some countries – is necessary.” - Ronald Reagan, p.105, in “Sincerely, Ronald Reagan”, a collection of his letters, compiled by his secretary Helene von Damm, 1976. - OWNERSHIP, CAPITALISM, COOPERATIVES, EMPLOYEE-SHAREHOLDING

PROPERTY: To paraphrase Proudhon’s famous “Property is theft”, property is freedom.” – LIBERTY, Summer 74.

PROPERTY: To say that a person can be free without Property Rights, means that his economic means of survival are not HIS.” – Mark Tier, Murphy’s Rights vs. Human Rights. – Anyhow, there is self-ownership as a property right. Without it he cannot be free. – JZ, 14.3.08.

PROPERTY: To the extent that a man's life and goods are at the disposal of another, he is not free!” - Moreell, Log II, p.117.

PROPERTY: To the medieval mind a liberty was a right to the enjoyment of a specific property. It was a freedom to do something with one's own without interference by the king or any other man." - Sir Arthur Bryant The Makers of the Realm. – Not enough people were free, in that sense, in the Middle Ages, either. – JZ, 26.12.07. - & NONINTERFERENCE, NONINTERVENTION, NO MEDDLING, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, FREEDOM, INDEPENDENCE

PROPERTY: Tocqueville regarded property as the foundation of the social order, the right, which could not be abridged without destroying all liberty, and, as a final result, all civilization. He warned that the centralization of society (of the State! – JZ), which would be carried even farther under the new republic than it had been under the old monarchy, would bring with it an instability and an unrest likely to destroy all freedoms. For Tocqueville, a society not founded upon habit, tradition, and custom was likely to be a society not of reform, but disaster.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.188. - All the larger territorial State embrace, coercively, all too many different habits, traditions, customs, ideologies, ethnic groups and religious and ideological faiths to form a real nation or a real people, uniform or unified, a real entity. It is as little unified as conscription genuinely unifies or as the voluntarism and the financial incentives for mercenaries really unifies them, except for the often wrongful purposes of their paymaster. – JZ, 24.2.08, 17.2.11. -  Compare: “Taxation is the power to destroy.” By now even ABC mass murder devices are “financed” out of taxes, so that our territorial “protector” can threaten the survival of all of mankind. – JZ, 14.3.08.SOCIETY, POWER, CENTRALIZATION, IMPERIALISM, TAXATION, GOVERNMENT BUDGETS & SPENDING, WAR, CONSCRIPTION, UNITY, PEOPLE, NATION, NATION-BUILDING, MILITIA, VOLUNTARISM.

PROPERTY: under private property the first method, love, is used where it is workable. Where it is not, trade is used instead." - David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.20. – Compare: “Society is exchange.” – Bastiat - LOVE, TRADE, EXCHANGE

PROPERTY: Under socialism, communism, and fascism, the institution of private property is not upheld. Perhaps ownership is nominally in private hands, but ultimate control is in the hands of the State.” – The Incredible Breadmachine, p.128.

PROPERTY: Under the free market, ownership is a social function.” – Gary North, THE FREEMAN, 7/72. – He, too, seems to shy away from natural laws and human rights. – JZ, 13.3.08. – ITS SOVIAL FUNCTION, IN THE PUBLIC INTEREST, NO FREE MARKET, NO INDIVIDUAL FULL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES WITHOUT PROPERTY RIGHTS

PROPERTY: Universalized theft or nationalized theft, as it has been experienced thus far, requires universalized force. This accounts for the massive state that emerged with Soviet Communism. There is, however, yet another reason for this swollen condition. It, too, has its roots in the nature of property. Property requires attention if it is to be productive. Divesting individuals of private property does not remove this requirement; instead, it aggravates it. By and large, the property that has been owned by individuals was taken over by the government of the Soviet Union. The management, or attempted management, of this property required a large number of bureaucrats. The combination of universalized force and bureaucratic management of property produced the massive state.” – Clarence B. Carson, in THE FREEMAN, 8/77. – FORCE, COMMUNISM, SOVIET UNION, BUREAUCRACY, STATE, TOTALITARIANISM, MANAGEMENT, SELF-INTEREST, INCENTIVES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROPERTY: Unless a person is prepared to accept the “might makes right” philosophy, he must respect another’s right to live, to produce, and to consume, keep, exchange, sell, or give away that which he has produced.” – The Incredible Breadmachine, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 10/75. – MIGHT VS. RIGHT, RIGHT VS. MIGHT, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROPERTY: Unless each individual has the freedom to use and dispose of his own property, as he wants to, he really doesn’t own his own life.” – E. Raymond Pastor, LAISSEZ FAIRE REVIEW, 3-4/74. – TAXATION, LICENSING, LAWS, LIFE, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-HELP

PROPERTY: Unless he has so contractually obliged himself, no one is obliged to accept the notes issued by someone else at all or to accept them at par. Only the issuer himself has to accept his own IOUs etc. at any time (during shopping or business hours) at par with their nominal value - unless another repayment term or cut-off period (after which it would become invalid) has been clearly stated and, by acceptance, agreed upon. E.g., money considered as a ticket suggests that something - as perishable as a theatre or cinema seating option - cannot be held open except for the date or period stated on it. A season's ticket for railway transport applies only to that period. And the supplier of perishable food has to see to it that his produce warrants return to him before too much of his produce has depreciated. The right of others to refuse or discount his IOUs sets limits to his issues, and so does his capacity to supply goods and services, which can be purchased with his IOUs. Other, indirect limitations arise from the short-term real bills or their equivalents, upon which issues, in form of short-term loans, e.g. for wage payments, would mostly take place. They, too, would establish a short-term demand for the notes that is equivalent to their volume, for the repayment of these short-term loans. Clearing houses would also see to that notes are quickly returned to their issuers. Other checks are extensive publicity for all details of issues and their reflux and the availability of other and competitive currency issues, but especially the free rating of every private currency issue on the rare metal markets, against their own value standard and that of others. The issuer also wants to preserve his good business name, especially his reputation as a sound issuer and does not want to lose his business and all other assets in case he is convicted of criminal negligence or fraud with his issues. The issuer wants to facilitate his sales and those of his associates, by sound exchange media and value reckoning. He has no interest in spoiling his business chances, risking bankruptcy and being taken to court. That his IOUs are not redeemable upon demand either in rare metals or in legal tender or in securities, or insured or guaranteed by any government authority, will also help to restrain his issues and their acceptance and relate them quite clearly to his own ability and readiness to supply wanted or needed goods and services in exchange for them, alone or in association with others in the same community or shopping centre. (Readiness to accept foundation, comparable to that of e.g. railway money and of tax foundation money, electricity-, gas-, petrol- and telephone service monies. – JZ, 25.1.14.) Initially and in the long run only those private and cooperatively issued notes and certificates will be accepted which are rated at par - or close enough to par with their nominal value not to matter to the holder - as long as the issuer or the issuing centre, with all its members, accepts the notes at par. Any local currency as well as any unknown competing currency can be checked by a local potential acceptor very fast, simply by presenting a suspected note at the nearest shop's cashier, asking him or her whether they would accept it at par. No monetary studies, scholarship, statistics or authoritative special or royal commission would be required. - JZ, 3.8.94, 17.4.97, 7.9.02, 17.2.11, 25.1.14. - PROPERTY RIGHTS & OBLIGATIONS & MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING, POTENTIAL ISSUERS & FOUNDATIONS FOR EXCHANGE MEDIA, TICKET MONIES, SHOP FOUNDATION

PROPERTY: Until our educated and politically minded democracy has become predominantly a property-owning democracy, neither the national equilibrium nor the balance of the life of the individual will be restored.” – A. Skelton, Constructive Conservatism, 1924. – To my knowledge he, too, overlooked that to achieve that, fast and easily, full monetary and financial freedom would be required. – And this freedom, too, could be most easily realized and spread by the introduction of fully free experimentation with economic, social and political systems as well, all only among volunteers and all without any territorial monopoly. – To monopolize exchange media, of all things, and value standards, is one of the greatest wrongs and absurdities. – There can never be too many sound exchange media, sound value standards, clearing and credit avenues, at least not in the opinion of their competitive issuers, voluntary acceptors and users. That much is self-evident, at least to me. Why not to you? - JZ, 11. & 13.3.03.

PROPERTY: upon he sacredness of property civilization itself depends – the right of the laborer to his hundred dollars in the savings bank, and equally the legal right of the millionaire to his millions.” – Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth, 1889, quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations. – Since the workers vastly outnumber the millionaires, they could, in most instances, if they wanted to, make a business-like take-over bid for the capitals assets of the millionaires that they work for, and could thus increase their standard of living, because they would then work for themselves, even while they would pay off the debt incurred in their take-over bid. In Germany, workers as small savers, had already, between them, 6 times the amount in their bank savings accounts, as would have enabled them, to buy up, between them, in cash, all the controlling shares of all share companies in Germany. Indirectly, through their insurance contracts, they do already own much of the industrial enterprises, to the extent that their capital certificates are in the hands of their insurance companies. That has been called “pension-fund socialism”. But the insured are not yet in control of these capital assets. - Alas, such possibilities are rarely discussed. The “emancipated” workers rather discuss and engage in class struggles or what they call “industrial” actions, which are, rather, anti-industrial actions. “Nothing is worse to behold than ignorance in action!” said Goethe. – JZ, 13.3.08. – TRADE UNIONISM, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, THE COMBINED PURCHASING POWER OF SMALL SAVERS & DEPOSIT HOLDERS

PROPERTY: We are property"  said Frederik Pohl in: "Under Two Moons" in the SF selection "Day Million". - Almost all territorial rulers treat "their" countries and "their people" - "like a conquered province". Feudalism hasn't been abolished. It has merely been nationalized. - Now, as formerly, one feudal lord tries to defeat the other by killing or subjugating his serfs. - camouflaged under many more myths than ever before. - If human beings were, really and instead, considered as free and rational beings, then there would be only attempts to persuade them or trade with them but no attempts to exterminate them nor any powers to do so. - Then they could freely opt out of any system displeasing them. - Nobody belongs to his country or can rightfully be considered as a hostage for it. Everybody belongs only to himself. - Nobody is rightly part of a collectively defined enemy unless he himself, by his individual declaration or actions, turn himself into an enemy. - We have recognized that we are no longer the property of any church. Let us similarly adopt freedom of action and freedom for "cult actions" with regard to political and economic systems, regardless of whatever ideological or other system we subscribe to, as long as they can be practised at the own expense and risk. Only then will we be free, as free as we want to be, and only then will we be safe, as secure as we want to be. - Once the collectivist point of view and practice, of people as property of their rulers, a view which most rulers were clever enough never to express explicitly (“I am the State!”), is finally quite openly rejected and that "property" secedes, and the seceded free people arm and organize themselves for the protection of individual their rights and liberties, then nuclear devices will also be renounced by almost all - as completely unsuitable for the new conditions. – PROPERTY OR CHATTEL CONCEPT OF PEOPLE OR CITIZENS, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, AUTHORITARIANISM, AUTONOMY, CONQUESTS, CONSCRIPTION, CONSENT, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, DEMOCRACY, DISCRIMINATING WARFARE, ENEMY, EXTERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE, FREEDOM, GOVERNMENT, HOSTAGES, INDIVIDUALISM, LEADERSHIP, LIBERATION WAR, MINORITY AUTONOMY, MONOPOLIES, NATIONALISM, PANARCHY, REPRESENTATION, REVOLUTION, RULERS, SECESSION, STATES, TARGETS, TAXATION, WAR AIMS, TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION, WEAPONS, MODERN FEUDALISM - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - Somewhat edited here: JZ, 25.1.14.

PROPERTY: We hold from God (*) the gift that for us includes all other gifts: life – physical, intellectual, and moral life. - But life is not self-sustaining. He who gave it to us has left to us the responsibility of preserving it, of developing it, of perfecting it … - Each of us certainly gets from Nature, from God, the right to defend his person, his liberty, and his property, since they are the three elements constituting or sustaining life, elements which are mutually complementary and which cannot be understood without one another. For what are our faculties, if not an extension of our personality, and what is property, if not an extension of our faculties?” – Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Fredeic Bastiat, A Man Alone. – (*) Nature – JZ - HUMAN RIGHTS, LIBERTY, SELF-DEFENCE

PROPERTY: We must close our ears to the careless and unthoughtful denunciations of property, and see that without the fullest recognition of property there can be no real liberty of action. It is idle to say in one breath that each man has the right to the free use of his own faculties, and in the next breath to propose to deal by the power of the state with what he acquires by means of those faculties, as if both the faculties and what they produced belonged to the state and not to himself. Private property and free trade stand on exactly the same footing, both being essential and indivisible parts of liberty, both depending upon rights, which no body of men, whether called governments or anything else, can justly take from the individual.” - Auberon Herbert, Mack edition, p.152.

PROPERTY: We need an organization like: “Citizens for the Preservation of Property Rights.” – JZ, 74. - MILITIA

PROPERTY: We own nothing. It’s all subject to government claims and powers.” – John Singleton, 20.10.76. - He is an Australian multi-millionaire. I would like to “own nothing”, like him. – But he is right, insofar as he, too, is a tax and regulation victim. – JZ 14.3.08.

PROPERTY: We should set bounds to no man's accumulation. We should repress by wise and effectual, yet moderate and humane penalties, all forcible invasion to be committed by one man upon the acquisitions of another." – Godwin, Enquiry concerning Political Justice.

PROPERTY: Wealth has accumulated only when private property was secure.” – Paul Elmer More, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 12/72. – Or among official robbers, remaining in dominant positions, causing wide-spread poverty for others. – JZ, 13.3.08, 17.2.11.

PROPERTY: Were it possible to have a community of property, it would soon be found that no one would toil, but that men would be disposed to be satisfied with barely enough for the supply of their physical wants, since none would exert themselves to obtain advantages solely for the use of others.” – J. Fenimore Cooper, The American Democrat, XXVIII, 1838. - There are unsoundly organized and motivated communities, and productive cooperatives etc, as well as sound ones, without an egalitarian ideology or a voluntary acceptance of poverty, even of begging for their support. - Even share companies, hierarchically organized, can be rather productive with their community of property, especially If most of the shares are in the hands of the employees. - JZ, 17.2.11. - COOPERTIVES, EMPLOYEE SHAREHOLDING, VOLUNTARY SOCIALISM, UTOPIAN COLONIES – ONLY THOSE BASED UPON A RELIGION LASTED A LONG TIME

PROPERTY: What Bastiat struggled against was a very old democratic disease: a willingness to deny the rights of property to others and to substitute governmental authority for individual rights. While Bastiat stood on principle, most Frenchmen rallied around plunder. In so doing, in his willingness to stand as a man alone, he won the respect of his enemies. Even the old socialist, Proudhon, could write, some months before Bastiat’s death: “He is devoted, body and soul, to the Republic, to liberty, to equality, to progress; he has clearly proved that devotion many times with his vote in the Assembly. But in spite of that, we list Mr Bastiat among the men who oppose us.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.122. – Proudhon could hardly be rightly classed as just another State socialist. Nor was Proudhon an opponent of earned property. Misunderstandings persist, even between great thinkers, and, sometimes over decades and even centuries. – JZ, 23.2.08. – Alas, neither Proudhon nor Bastiat declared themselves quite clearly in favour of FULL monetary freedom. – JZ, 25.1.14. - STATE, GOVERNMENT, DEMOCRACY, REPUBLICS, BASTIAT, PROUDHON, MONETARY FREEDOM

PROPERTY: What fortune has made yours is not your own." - … - Seneca, Letters, VIII, p.47, quoting his correspondent, Lucilius. - Compare Goethe: “Was Du ererbt von Deinen Vaetern hast, erwirb es um es zu besitzen!” – JZ, from memory only. - Only the earned property is really your own. - JZ, 23.1.02. – Heirs are often very wasteful or spendthrifts. They did not have to work for their inherited riches and thus, often, do not fully appreciate them. – JZ, 10.3.09, 17.2.11. - OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, INHERITANCE

PROPERTY: What is common to many is taken least care of, for all men have greater regard for what is their own than for what they possess in common with others.” – Aristotle. – How clean are e.g. the public roads and gardens compared with private corridors and gardens? – JZ, 11.3.09. – Aristotle, quoted by Anja Hartleb on Facebook, 23.3.12. - COMMUNISM, STATE SOCIALISM, PUBLIC PROPERTY

PROPERTY: What is property, if not an extension of our faculties?” - Bastiat, quoted in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.197.

PROPERTY: What is yours is yours. Don't let bureaucrats, politicians and do-gooders tell you otherwise. - JZ, 77.

PROPERTY: What More was saying as far back as 1915 is that the property right is a human right, and that a man without possessions is inevitably at the mercy of others, and especially at the mercy of the political bureaucrats who run the State." - John Chamberlain in reviewing Paul Elmer More, in THE FREEMAN, 12/72.

PROPERTY: What of the socialist claim that property ownership should be collective rather than individual? The first question is to ask is: “why should it be”? After all, if I expend the effort necessary to raise a crop, build a factory or lay a road, why should some socialist, who never expended one bit of effort to create these things, have some claim to them? And how does he propose to deprive me of them without putting a gun to my head?” – Dr Duncan Yuille, Human Rights, a pamphlet written for the Workers Party in the middle 70’s. – A productive cooperative can be a rightful collective, one that has built up or bought a business in a rightful way, perhaps on terms agreeable to both sides. – With everyone working in it being a real co-owner, the business will be run e.g. without the usual conflicts with trade unionists. It will become more productive, more successful. – JZ, 14.3.08. – Q., STATE SOCIALISM, COOPS, UNIONS, VOLUNTARY VS. COMPULSORY COLLECTIVISM, CO-OWNERSHIP, PARTNERSHIPS, EMPLOYEE-SHAREHOLDING, SELF-MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

PROPERTY: What our generation has forgotten is that the system of private property is the most important guarantee of freedom, not only for those who own property, but scarcely less for those who do not. It is only because the control of the means of production is divided among many people acting independently that nobody has complete power over us, that we as individuals can decide what to do with ourselves. If all it be nominally that of "society" as a whole of that of a dictator, whoever exercises this control has complete power over us.” - Friedrich A. Hayek, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – Another version runs differently after “ourselves”. Namely: If all the means of production were vested in a single hand, whether it be nominally that of 'society' as a whole or that of a dictator, whoever exercises this control has complete power over us.” – Friedrich Hayek, The Road to Serfdom [1944] - quoted in THE FREE MAN'S ALMANAC for Dec. 31st. - PRIVATE, & ITS DECENTRALIZATION IN MILLIONS OF PRIVATE ENTERPRISES & OTHER PROPERTIES & FREEDOM, EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIPS, BOSSES, STATE SOCIALISM

PROPERTY: What socialism aims at is not the abolition of property but, on the contrary, to introduce individual property, based upon labor, in the first place.” – Lassalle. („Was der Sozialismus will ist nicht Eigentum aufheben, sondern im Gegenteil individuelles Eigentum, auf Arbeit gegruendetes Eigentum, erst einfuehren.“) – His idea applied especially to voluntary socialism and its proposals for the rightful multiplication of owners of productive capitals, all acquired by peaceful purchases, not coercive expropriations by the State or occupation of enterprises by syndicalists. – JZ, 4.7.92, 24.2.08. - As an old aim by people confronted with all too much coercively acquired property or property granted to government favourites, it was not a bad aim. – There are over 600 different types of socialism, judging by the great diversity of its definitions, but most people know only of State socialism, its worst possible model. – There are several forms of cooperative or voluntary socialism, which are in full agreement with property rights, free markets, free enterprise, free exchange, free pricing principles, freedom of contract, freedom of association and laissez-faire capitalism. But usually they are simply ignored in the public discussions of socialism. - JZ, 24.2.08, 17.2.11. – COOPERATIVE SOCIALISM, VOLUNTARY SOCIALISM, SELF-MANAGEMENT, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES.

PROPERTY: What the advocates of all expropriation schemes fail to realize is that property in private hands used for the production of goods and services for the market is already for all practical purposes public wealth. It is serving the public just as much as - in fact, far more effectively than - if it were owned and operated by the government. Suppose a single rich man were to invest his capital in a railroad owned by himself alone. He could not use this merely to transport his own family and their personal goods. That would be ruinously wasteful. If he wished to make a profit on his investment, he would have to use his railroad to transport the public and their goods. He would have to devote his railroad to a public use.” - Henry Hazlitt: The Conquest of Poverty, p.210. – CAPITALISTS, THE RICH, THE WEALTHY & THEIR CAPITAL ARE, INEVITABLY, TO A LARGE EXTENT SERVING THE GENERAL PUBLIC

PROPERTY: When Adam Ferguson summed up such teaching by defining the savage as a man who did not yet know property (1767/73:136), and when Adam Smith remarked that ‘nobody ever saw one animal by its gestures or natural cries signify to another, this is mine, that is yours’ (1776/1976-26), they expressed what, in spite of recurrent revolts by rapacious or hungry bands, and for practically two millennia been the view of the educated. As Ferguson put it, ‘It must appear very evident, that property is a matter of progress’ (ibid).” – F. A. Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.35. – Ulrich von Beckerath pointed out to me that e.g. dogs have notions of property – property of their masters - and of their own bones but that they have no notion of the exchange of property or of property rights. – Obviously, too many humans, not only politicians, are still somewhat deficient in these respects as well. – JZ, 18.2.08.

PROPERTY: When everybody owns everything, nobody will take care of anything.” - Will Durant, The Story of Philosophy, p.81.

PROPERTY: When Madison wrote, “the rights of property”, everyone knew what he meant. The right of property was the essence of the Revolution; it was a right that Americans were fighting to establish. (*) - The fantastic notion that property rights can be opposed to human rights had never entered anyone’s head. That notion today is part of the confusion of American vocabulary and American Thinking. - Of course, property can not possibly have any rights. Property is a legal human right.” (**) – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.181. - (*) But not for Negroes, Red Indians, Chinese or Royalists! – (**) Not a legal but a natural or human right. - JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: When neither their property nor their liberty is touched, the majority of men live content.” – Machiavelli, 1469-1527, The Prince. – By that standard, nobody should be content today. – JZ, 13.3.08.

PROPERTY: when one may take by law that which another man has put his labor into, we have injustice of the keenest kind, for the denial of a man’s right to possess and enjoy what he produces is akin to a denial of life. Yet the confiscation of property is the first business of government. It is indeed its only business, for the government has no competence for anything else. … - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p. 45. – TAXATION WITHOUT CONSENT, EXPROPRIATION, NATIONALIZATION, TRIBUTE LEVIES

PROPERTY: When the right of property is abrogated, all the other rights of the individual are undermined, and to speak of the sovereign citizen who has no absolute right of property is to talk nonsense. It is like saying that the slave is free because he is allowed to do anything he wants to do (even vote, if you wish) except to own what he produces." - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax ... p.119.

PROPERTY: When they parcelled out the land into the “private” property of each, they again shared in owning the country, though in formally different ways, The form of private property differed in the two cases, but not the essence. Thus the crucial question in society is not, as so many believe, whether property should be private or governmental, but rather whether the necessarily “private” owners are legitimate owners or criminals. For, ultimately, there is no entity called “government”; there are only people forming themselves into groups called “government” (*) and acting in a “governmental” manner. All property is therefore always “private”; the only and critical question is whether it should reside in the hands of criminals or of the proper and legitimate owners. There is really only one reason for libertarians to oppose the formation of governmental power or to call for its divestment: The realization that the rulers of government are unjust and criminal owners of such property.” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.55. – On a comprehensive privatization plan see PEACE PLANS No. 19 C, on the disc reproduced at – (*) Where and when have peoples really formed territorial governments? – Underlining by me. - JZ, 23.3.08. - The closest approach to such governments may be the cantonal ones of Switzerland. - JZ, 17.2.11. – VOLUNTARISM AS THE REQUIRED BASIS FOR ANY DEMOCRATY, STATISM, LEGISLATIVE & CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS, PEOPLES, NATIONS, “COUNTRIES”, STATES, VS. TERRITORIALISM, ITS COMPULSION, MONOPOLISM & COERCION

PROPERTY: When, therefore, a government takes a man’s property, for its own support, or for its own uses, without his consent, it practically denies his right or property altogether; for it practically asserts that its right of dominion is superior to his. – No man can be said to have any right of property at all, in any thing – that is, any right of supreme, absolute, and irresponsible dominion over any thing – of which any other men may rightfully deprive him at their pleasure. – Now, the government of the United States, in asserting its right to take at pleasure the property of individuals, without their consent, virtually denies their right of property altogether, because it asserts that its right of dominion over it, is superior to theirs.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, Works I, p.33. - TAXATION, TERRITORIALISM

PROPERTY: Whenever the legislators endeavour to take away and destroy the property of the people, or to reduce them to slavery under arbitrary power, they put themselves into a state of war with the people, who are thereupon absolved from any further obedience … – John Locke (1632-1704).According to this hypothesis, taxation should have destroyed obedience and statism. Instead, it has created a powerful class of tax consumers and a powerless or all too conditioned class of tax slaves, who are not radically in favour of private property rights but who fear the abolition of what they have misnamed “law and order” or “Welfare State” and do also fear what they misunderstand as anarchy or radical liberty. – JZ, 5.4.12. – They also demand and at the same time severely criticize e.g. police protection by governmental police forces and jurisdiction by governmental courts, unaware of the sound, voluntary and competing alternatives to them. – JZ, 25.1.14. - LEGISLATORS, STATE, OBEDIENCE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, POLICE FORCES & JURISDITION, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PROPERTY: Where shall we find a power capable of counter-balancing … the State? There is none other than property. … The absolute right of the State (*) is in conflict then with the absolute right of the property owner. Property is the greatest revolutionary force which exists.” – Proudhon, Theory of Property, quoted in Lubac, Proudhon, p.177. – I can think of at least 5 other strong revolutionary forces: 1.) A complete and clear declaration of all individual rights and liberties. – 2.) Individual secessionism combined with 3.) exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers. 4.) Voluntary and self-mobilized and self-managed militias for the protection of nothing but genuine individual rights and liberties. 5.) A genuinely cultural revolution to speed up the process of enlightenment. - - (*) Why, of all people, would an anarchist use such a term? – JZ, 30.3.08. – MILITIA FOR THE PROTECTION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, SUFFICIENTLY DECLARED, SECESSIONISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS & SOCIETIES, A GENUINELY CULTURAL REVOLUTION FOR ENLIGHTENMENT, NEW DRAFT, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, LIBERATION

PROPERTY: While an individual owner, with a personal interest in his property, is always wide-awake, and brings his plans to fruition, communal interest is inherently sleepy and unproductive. – Napoleon I, to his brother Lucien, on Christmas Day, 1799, quoted by Christopher P. Weber in reason, Nov. 78. – As if properly owners could do without sleep! – JZ, 12.4.08.

PROPERTY: While tribal, national, municipal and other collectivist claims to landed property are more and more realized, including ecological and conservation claims, individual property rights in land and buildings are more and more denied or regulated and taxed away. – And this after the collapse of most of the totalitarian communist regimes, precisely because of their anti-economics. – All dissenters should be free to opt out of these laws, institutions and States before the “democratic” States, too, are also completely turned into totalitarian ones, for all too many years. – No more territorial monopoly States and their governments! - JZ, 13.1.89 & 30.3.08.

PROPERTY: Whilst ever the concept of ‘people as property’, the idea that it is right to exercise control and power over each other in their one-to-one relationships, is tacitly endorsed and approved of, individual freedom cannot grow.” – Merilyn Fairsky, FREE ENTERPRISE, last issue, 1976. – The ignoring is done under the statist and territorialist opposite of free and quite voluntary one-to-one or P2P relationships. – CONSENT & VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, RIGHT TO CONTRACT, ASSOCIATE & EXPERIMENT VS. STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, COMPULSORY COLLECTIVISM, TERRITORIALISM, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, UNFREE TO SECEDE & SORT THEMSELVES OUT INTO THE PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES THEY DO PREFER FOR THEMSELVES.

PROPERTY: Whoever prefers life to death, happiness to suffering, well-being to misery must defend without compromise private ownership in the means of production.” – Ludwig von Mises (1920) – Apparently quoted by Martin Luther King, Jr. in – Rivers, oceans, the air, natural laws and phenomena, like broadcasting waves, also ideas and inventions are also means of production. Should they become privately monopolized in exclusive claims, in via legalized patents, copyrights etc.? – JZ, 1.4.12, 25.1.14. - A most important aspect of property, also in oneself or self-ownership, is the right to free exchange or free transferability, including all the monetary, clearing, value standard and credit options of full monetary and financial freedom. Without them we do all become the victims of territorial governments and their central banks, i.e. to financial and monetary despotism. - The coins and redeemable certificates of gold bugs are not the only rightful and rational alternatives. Free market institutions, practices and means, value carriers and value standards are needed in that sphere as well. The errors of the gold bugs are comparable to those of the limited government advocates. They see only a fraction of all the rightful alternatives - and want to confine us to them, country-wide or State-wide. - JZ, 22. 12. 06, 25.1.14. - PROPERTY RIGHTS, POVERTY, MISERY, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, COMPULSORY COLLECTIVISM, MONOPOLISM

PROPERTY: Why is there so little respect for property rights in the 20th century? There is little to no propaganda for it – in the face of a multifaceted attack by a multitude of pseudo-intellectuals and other ignorant and prejudiced people. – JZ, 22.6.92. – Perhaps we should nationalize all the private property of all the people who agitate against private property and for public property? – A more tolerant approach would be to allow them, their volunteers, their “socialist” and communist “paradises” for themselves, at their own risk and expense, in form of their own panarchies under their own personal laws. If anything could teach them, then this might. - JZ, 23.3.08. – UTOPIAS, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR LEFTISTS, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETES, VOLUNTARISM, META-UTOPIA

PROPERTY: Why Some Have More. Because the market rewards individuals according to services rendered, the result is that some persons earn and own more property than do others. Strictly by serving the masses of mankind, some individuals have been made extremely wealthy.” – Paul L. Poirot, THE FREEMAN, 12/75. – Because some leftist prejudices, most people mind riches in businessmen and manufacturers more than they do e.g. in actors, singers, sportsmen, writers and inventors where the achievements are more obvious to them and this in spite of the super-markets for cheap and mass-produced goods. – JZ, 13.3.08. – WEALTH, RICHES, ENVY, CAPITALISM, MARKET ECONOMY, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, LEFTISTS, EXPROPRIATORS, NATIONALIZERS, STATE-SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM

PROPERTY: wished to find an object lesson to set before those governments of today which have not yet learned to doubt about their property in human material, where could we find anything more impressive than the dynamiter, with his tin canister and his supply of horseshoe nails? “Here is you own child. This is what your doctrine of deified force, this is what your contempt of human rights, this is what your property in men and women leads to.” - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p.194. - PEOPLE AS PROPERTY & TERRORISM, BOMB THROWERS

PROPERTY: With persistence, finally, so apt and convincing formulas for property rights will be found or developed - that they will conquer the market, like some other slogans did. - JZ, 17.2.11. – But that may require the input from hundreds to thousands of people. – JZ, 18.4.08.

PROPERTY: Without private property there can be no private decisions.” - Wilson/Shea: Illuminatus III, p.112.

PROPERTY: without private property there is no free personal life.” – Emil Brunner, according to J. D. Doenecke, in LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 7/77, where he denies that Leonard Liggio originated this phrase. - Without private property there is no private life.” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus II/190 - FREEDOM, PERSONAL LIFE, PRIVACY

PROPERTY: Without Property Rights – in the narrower sense of the term; as tangible goods, land, money, etc. – NO OTHER RIGHTS ARE POSSIBLE. – Mark Tier in “The Shape of the Labour Regime”, p. 223, in his essay: Murphy’s Rights vs. Human Rights. – I think that only those, who have never attempted to clearly and completely formulate all individual rights and liberties, did ever arrive at that conclusion. It certainly saves them much thought. They will have to revise their views once such a declaration is finally compiled and published. – JZ, 25.4.11.

PROPERTY: Without property rights, no other rights are possible.” - E. Raymond Pastor, LAISSEZ FAIRE REVIEW, 3-4/74. - An opinion which I do not share. – JZ, 25.11.13.

PROPERTY: Without property rights, no other rights can be secure. When property is controlled by the State, rights are not rights at all, since their exercise is conditional, depending ultimately upon State approval. To argue to the contrary is to day that there are no rights – merely favors to be given to your or taken from you as determined by some one or some group.” - The Incredible Breadmachine, p.144/45.

PROPERTY: Without the safeguards of just and absolute property rights all hopes and allusions to liberty are but a chimera.” – Ludwig von Mises, according to Walter Grinder’s bibliography. - LIBERTY

PROPERTY: Yes, of course, I am fighting for my property. Do you know the kind of principle THAT represents?” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.451.

PROPERTY: You may trust the word freedom as long as you please; but at last it comes to quiet enjoyment of your property or it comes to nothing.” – Cobbett

PROPERTY: Your life is the only real property you own. Every other form of property, I feel, is debatable. But you are the only one who can own your life. Murder, then, is the ultimate theft. …” - Karl Hess, in PLAYBOY, 7/76. – SELF-OWNERSHIP, LIFE, MURDER

PROPERTY: Yours Is Not Your Own: When the right of property is abrogated, all the other rights of the individual are undermined, and to speak of the sovereign citizen who has no absolute right of property is to talk nonsense. It is like saying that the slave is free because he is allowed to do anything he wants to do (even vote, if you wish) except to own what he produces.” – Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax, p.119.

PROPHECY: Prophecy, however honest, is generally a poor substitute for experience.” – Justice Benjamin N. Cardozo. – Or knowledge of natural laws, rights and liberties? – JZ, 11.3.09, 25.1.14. - VS. EXPERIENCE

PROPHETS: All armed Prophets have been victorious, and all unarmed Prophets have been destroyed.” - Niccolo Machiavelli - & ARMS

PROPHETS: Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are wolves. – Jesus Christ - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

PROPHETS: PROPHET, n. One who speaks for God, too shy to speak for Himself.” – L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon. – For a God who is too shy to speak for himself? Or, as if God were too shy to speak for himself? – JZ - GOD

PROPHETS: The fame of many prophets rests upon the bad memory of their listeners.” – Silone. (“Der Ruhm vieler Propheten is based upon the bad memory of their listeners.”) – POLITICIANS, STATESMEN, RULERS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, PREMIERS

PROPHETS: Toleration for the followers of all prophets, be they Marx and Lenin or Mises and Rand. – JZ, n.d., in Pan AZ. – But only as long as they behave tolerantly, not, e.g., as expropriators of those who are not voluntary members of their ideological communities. – JZ, 10.4.08. – TOLERANCE FOR THE TOLERANT, INTOLERANCE FOR THE INTOLERANT

PROPRIETARY INDIVIDUALISM: Term used by Will Durant, The Story of Philosophy, p.45. – PROPERTY

PROS & CONS: Cut the Gordian Knots by freedom of action and free experimentation: "My dear sir, I am sick of syllogisms, and probabilities, and pros and contras. What do I care if, on weighing both sides, the nineteen pounds' weight of questionable arguments against, are overbalanced by the twenty pounds' weight of equally questionable arguments for? ..." - Chas Kingsley, Hypatia, p.166. - End the verbal diarrhoeas. Grant freedom for tolerant actions to all volunteer groups. That requires only the understanding that, on the basis of exterritorial autonomy, this is possible for all individuals, all their minority and majority groupings. - JZ, 12.1.93. – FREEDOM OF ACTION & EXPERIMENTATION, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA

PROSPERITY: Almost all productive and free people would be well off – if they were not taxed and regulated. – JZ, 4.9.87, 22.2.08. - POVERTY, PRODUCTIVITY, TAXATION, REGULATIONS, WEALTH, RICHES, CAPITALISM

PROSPERITY: an era in which prosperity was assumed to be found through courting the special privileges of government.” – Bastiat, quoted in(?)p.64.

PROSPERITY: Economic prosperity demands economic liberty.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone.

PROSPERITY: Exterritorial autonomy for volunteers would not only end oppression, civil wars and national wars but would also bring about prosperity for most productive people, too, since then all kinds of economic and social experiments could be freely tried - by and among their supporters. What would work would be fast imitated. Progress in that sphere could become, possibly, as fast as it became in natural sciences and technology, as well as in the arts, under experimental freedom. - JZ, n.d., in Pan AZ. – E.g. those which replaced monetary despotism by monetary freedom, the employer-employee relationship by various self-management schemes, taxation by competitive fees and subscription prices for wanted services, competitively supplied, protectionism by free trade, would rapidly prosper. – JZ, 10.4.08, 25.1.14. - DEVELOPMENT, LIVING STANDARD & PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

PROSPERITY: fifthly, that freedom is the essence of prosperity; …” - From a Manifesto to the Nation of the Friends of Economy, quoted by Deryck Abel, in Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.75, with D. A. commenting, on page 76: “All this signified the very kernel of Benn’s thinking.”

PROSPERITY: Freedom and prosperity go causally together. – JZ, 75.

PROSPERITY: Freedom is the vital breath of real prosperity.” – Edward Taylor, Is Protection a Benefit? Chicago, 1888, p.272. - FREEDOM, WEALTH, RICHES, HIGH STANDARD OF LIVING

PROSPERITY: Freedom leads to prosperity.” – Libertarian Party of Oregon, newsletter, “Market for Liberty”, 8/78.

PROSPERITY: Freedom produces results that you want. It maximizes individual choice. Freedom promotes and rewards personal responsibility. Freedom creates prosperity.” - Michael Cloud, Secrets of Libertarian Persuasion, The Advocates for Self-Government, 2004, - p.106.

PROSPERITY: However respectable Guizot was in his private life, he presided over an era in which prosperity was assumed to be found through courting the special privileges of government. The corruption implicit in such a system had spread throughout French society.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.64. - PRIVILEGES, LAWS, GOVERNMENTS, WELFARE STATE, SUBSIDIES, HAND-OUTS, POVERTY PROGRAMS, TAXATION, STATISM, , MINIMUM WAGES, UNIONS, REPRESENTATIVES, PARLIAMENTS, PROTECTIONISM, LABOR LEGISLATION

PROSPERITY: If you wish to prosper, let your customer prosper. This is a lesson it has taken you a very long time to learn. - When people have learned this lesson, everyone will seek his individual welfare in the general welfare. Then jealousies between man and man, city and city, provinces and provinces, nation and nation, will no longer trouble the world.” – Bastiat, quoted in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.219. – Trade is not a zero sum game. – JZ, 24.7.92. (I probably read it somewhere.)

PROSPERITY: In a state, gain is not to be considered prosperity, but its prosperity will be found in righteousness.” – The Wisdom of Confucius, p. 44, Great Learning, C.X.V.23. - In another version: “In a state, gain is not to be considered prosperity, but prosperity is found in righteousness.” - Great Learning, x, 23. – RIGHTEOUSNESS, JUSTICE

PROSPERITY: individuals have the right to live for themselves, to work and prosper without paying dues to – all the poor in the world.”Tibor Machan, Liberty and Culture, p.81. - Anyhow, the greatest help they could provide, in most instance, would be freedom ideas and knowledge of freedom techniques and methods. And these can be provided very cheaply, e.g. on disks or online or via email attachments. As a libertarian writer Tibor Machan has done his bit in this sphere, at least with conventional publishing media. – JZ, 18.2.08. - UNDERDEVELOPED COUNTRIES, CHARITY, FOREIGN AID, SUBSIDIES, HANDOUTS, POVERTY, POOR, FOREIGN AID

PROSPERITY: It may be true that most people can’t stand prosperity, but it’s also true that most people don’t have to.” – 1977 Collins Desk Calendar quote. – Not all are inclined to build up and utilize productive capital properly. It is so much easier to envy those, who do. – JZ, 15.3.08. – ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, ENVY, SPENDTHRIFTS, WASTEFUL SPENDING, SLANDER, ACCUSATIONS

PROSPERITY: M. Siegfried does not appear to me to understand the difference between France and England. His great country is run upon the principle of the prosperous citizen and the bankrupt State, a principle, which, whatever may be said about it from other points of view, is at least a practical proposition. We in our folly prefer the prosperous State and the bankrupt citizen, although that pleasant dream still lacks a single tittle of evidence of feasibility.” – Sir Ernest Benn, speech, 27.1.1931, in Deryck Abel: Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, Appendix I. - PRIVATE SECTOR, PUBLIC SECTOR, BANKRUPTCY

PROSPERITY: Once upon a time … the nation prospered and grew because people knew they had to work to be able to survive, and, they knew they would be able to enjoy the fruits of their labor themselves. Then, one day, the idea was brought forth that some persons should be able to live at the expense of others. …” - JAG, 31.3.74. – WELFARE STATE, TAXATION

PROSPERITY: Only those who live prosperously do slander it.” – Ludwig Marcuse (“Nur wer im Wohlstand lebt, schimpft auf ihn.”) - Obviously, envy and poverty are not the only foundations for State Socialism. – JZ, 10.4.08. - WEALTH, RICHES, “CONSUMERISM”, “AFFLUENCE”, “WASTE OF NATURAL RESOURCES”.

PROSPERITY: Prosperity has its perils, not last of which is the peril of forgetting how it was achieved.” – V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 10/75. – Instead of appreciating freedom, all too many have come to fear it: “More immigrants less jobs!” - “More trade less prosperity!” – “Freedom leads to Monopoly!” – “More people less wealth!” – “Prosperity through State interventionism!” Etc., etc. A flood of ten-thousands of wrong slogans, errors, half-truths, lies, myths and prejudices overwhelming the truths and yet nowhere systematically collected and refuted. – JZ, 15.3.08. – ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS

PROSPERITY: Prosperity is more a matter of men than natural resources.” – THE WILLIAM FEATHER MAGAZINE, April 72, quoted in THE FREEMAN, Aug. 72.

PROSPERITY: Prosperity is productivity plus justice.” – Helmar Nahr. (“Wohlstand ist Produktivitaet plus Gerechtigkeit.”) - PRODUCTIVITY, JUSTICE, WEALTH

PROSPERITY: Prosperity makes very few friends.” – Luc de Vauvenargues, Réflexions, 1746. - It makes very few genuine friends but many false friends and, generally, promotes envy rather than sympathy or serious efforts to become prosperous oneself, mainly through more freedom and the own persistent efforts. – It is much easier to blame all poverty on the rich, the capitalists, the successful. - JZ, 2.4.08, 25.1.14. – WEALTH, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, ENVY, ANTI-PROPERTY MENTALITY, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY EMPLOYEES, COOPERATIVES, SELF-MANAGEMENT, LACK OF INTEREST IN MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, UNDER-INFORMED PROTECTIONISM, BLAMING THE MARKET INSTEAD OF TRYING TO UNDERSTAND & FREE IT.

PROSPERITY: The Décade perceived an indefinitely increasing prosperity due to economic freedom or capitalism, and the use of machinery applying new technology and scientific discoveries. – J.L.S., Summer 77, p.155. – Well, even the growth of territorial statism hasn’t quite prevented but merely slowed down the advantages arising from science and technology. What would our living standard be now if we had enjoyed full economic freedom for the last 100 years? – JZ, 15.3.08 – QUESTIONS, PROGRESS, CAPITALISM, ECONOMIC FREEDOM

PROSPERITY: The degree of a country's freedom is the degree of its prosperity.” – Ayn Rand (1905-1982). - Apart from interest in the own affairs, readiness to work towards improvements, sufficient ingenuity and health and good enough environment, enough moral sense, good enough ideas and beliefs, etc. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. – Freedom of enterprise and trade does not automatically create prosperity if both liberties are not sufficiently utilized, if ignorance and prejudices are in their way. Just like freedom of expression and freedom of information do not automatically lead to sufficient knowledge and wisdom when they are quite insufficiently used. – JZ, 3.1.08. - PROSPERITY, TOO, IS LARGELY BASED UPON FREEDOM, ALSO UPON A LARGE & SUFFICIENTLY ENLIGHTENED POPULATION, WEALTH & FREEDOM, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES

PROSPERITY: The industrial ideal which embodies prosperity of this kind is composed of four elements; four elements which are always found in combination, which must all be recognized, and which cannot for long exist one without the other, they are: 1. High Production. 2. High Wages. 3. High Profits. 4. Low Prices. – There is no case of real industrial success in which any of these four elements has been absent, and the attempt on the part of any party or any theory to deny the utility of any one of them, or to secure any one of them without reference to the other three, has never yet failed to lead to disaster.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, p.210.


PROSPERITY: The material prosperity of a nation is in inverse ration to the amount of its taxation and the prominence it gives to politics.” – Sir Ernest Benn, “Benn vs. Maxton”, p.158. – TAXATION, POLITICS

PROSPERITY: The most prosperous countries in the world have the lowest percentage of farmers. - Only a nation of farmers can starve to death.” - Jim Peron, 23.7.04. - WEALTH, FARMERS, AGRICULTURE, MALTHUSIANISM, HUNGER, FOOD, STARVATION, DEVELOPMENT, OVER-POPULATION SPLEEN

PROSPERITY: The prosperity of any commercial nation is regulated by the prosperity of the rest. If they are poor, she cannot be rich; and her condition, be it what it may, is an index of the height of the commercial tide in other nations.” – Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man, II, 1791 - Prosperity is, largely, an international matter. The whole world should be one free market. So do not try to impoverish the other countries but, rather, show them the way to rightful riches via internal and external free production and free exchanges. – How much could you, as a rich man, exchange with a poor man? Only as much as he could produce for exchange, at competitive prices, beyond his mere subsistence and that may be very little under present conditions. – There should be no restrictions on foreign investments and also none on alternative sound exchange media for paying and repaying these investments. Ideally, with sound clearing certificates, redeemable in wanted goods and services, ready for export. – Making foreign countries dependent upon their ability to repay debts with monopoly money will create situations of great dependence or even debt-slavery. – Let a man repay his debts directly or indirectly with whatever he has to offer in wanted goods or services. Do not recognize any monopoly, which would prevent him from doing that, to his disadvantage and also that of his creditor. - JZ, 9.7.86, 2.4.08. . – FREE TRADE VS. PROTECTIONISM, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, MONETARY, CREDIT & CLEARING FREEDOM

PROSPERITY: There is no incompatibility between prosperity and justice, between peace and freedom.” – Bastiat, Economic Sophisms, p.124.

PROSPERITY: True material prosperity can only be won by the great body of the nation through the widest measure of liberty – not the half-and-half, not the mock system, that exists at present. – Auberon Herbert, Mr. Spencer and the Great Machine, p.74. - MIXED ECONOMY

PROSPERITY: We contend that for a nation to try to tax itself into prosperity is like a man standing in a bucket and trying to lift himself up by the handle.” - Winston Churchill. – In every election the party factions promise to spend xyz millions more on this and that, but without mentioning that they would have to take them from us first or that they had over-taxed us previously. And the “sheeple” fall for these kinds of promises again and again and grant the same or another set of crooks power over themselves. I place all my hopes on exterritorial secessionists. – But the ignorance and prejudices on this rightful alternative are also still quite enormous. – However, its voluntary taxation nature and the fact that it could provide for each the society or government of the own dreams and choices will, probably, make it ultimately successful. - JZ, 5.1.08. – The same could, naturally, be said, once again, for the current attempt to inflate an economic into prosperity, rather than abolishing the monetary and financial despotism that has led, once again, to an economic crisis. – JZ, 21.3.09. - SCHEMES OF GOVERNMENTS, WELFARE STATE, BAILOUTS, SUBSIDIES, KEYNESIANISM, TAXATION, DEFICIT SPENDING, CRISES, ACTIVATING THE NOTE-PRINTING PRESSES FOR EXCLUSIVE & FORCED (LEGAL TENDER) CURRENCIES, GOVERNMENT “SPENDING”, TAXATION, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, INFLATION,

PROSPERITY: without prosperity freedom is a myth.” – “Design for Democracy”, p.125. (A Catholic book.) - Without freedom, especially economic freedom, general prosperity cannot be approached. – JZ, 13.2.08, 25.1.14. - & FREEDOM,

PROSPERITY: You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift. You cannot help small men by tearing down big men. You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong. You cannot lift the wage-earner by pulling down the wage-payer. You cannot help the poor man by destroying the rich. You cannot keep out of trouble by spending more than your income. You cannot further the brotherhood of man by inciting class hatred. You cannot establish security on borrowed money. You cannot build character and courage by taking away men’s initiative and independence. You cannot help men permanently by doing for them what they could and should do for themselves.” - William J. H. Boetcker

PROSPERITY: You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift. – Abraham Lincoln

PROSPERITY: You cannot legislate the poor into prosperity, by legislating the wealth out of prosperity. - The Libertarian Party of Tennessee shared Abolish the IRS's photo. 2 July 2012. – WEALTH, POVERTY, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION

PROSPERITY: You cannot multiply wealth by dividing it. - The Libertarian Party of Tennessee shared Abolish the IRS's photo. 2 July 2012. – WEALTH, WELFARE STATE

PROSTITUTION: A whore has the right to call herself a pleasure merchant.” – Anatole France – FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE LABOUR, FREEDOM FOR ALL PROFESSIONS & TRADES

PROSTITUTION: A whore should be judged by the same criteria as other professionals offering services for pay – such as dentists, lawyers, hairdressers, physicians, plumbers, et cetera. Is she professionally competent? Does she give good measure? Is she honest with her clients? – It is possible that the percentage of honest and competent whores is higher than that of plumbers and much higher than that of lawyers. And enormously higher than that of professors.” – Robert Heinlein, The Notebooks of Lazarus Long.

PROSTITUTION: In 1965 Austria made prostitution a crime, and rape went up 149 %”. – NTFP – SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 4/80. – RAPES

PROSTITUTION: It should be noted that many of the grimmer aspects of the streetwalking trade have been brought about by the outlawing of brothels.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, p.119.

PROSTITUTION: It would be hard for an average prostitute to make between $ 500 and $ 1000 a week if the free market held sway over the industry - and there would be correspondingly less incentive to become a streetwalker.” – LIBERTARIAN HANDBOOKS 1973.

PROSTITUTION: One day they are clients – the next day they are legislators passing these laws.” - A spokesman for the English prostitutes collective. – LEGISLATORS, LAWMAKERS

PROSTITUTION: Politics I supposed to be the second-oldest profession. I have come to realize that it bears a very close resemblance to the first.” – Ronald Reagan - & POLITICS

PROSTITUTION: Prostitution is a voluntary sale of a labor service, and the government has no right to prohibit or restrict such sales.” - Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, p.119.

PROSTITUTION: Some men despise prostitutes but, at the same time, use them for their own sexual gratification, not reflecting upon what this implies for their own character and self-respect and sexual attractiveness as men. Maybe they lash out at prostitutes verbally, sometimes with assaults, because they are vaguely aware of their own sexual deficiencies but do not want to blame or change themselves but rather blame the prostitutes. – JZ, 30.7.96. - All too often even married people blame their partners rather than themselves. – But without prostitution the sexually motivated violence would be even worse. To that extent prostitutes are peacemakers. – And how many women and men sell themselves – in their legal marriages? - JZ, 1.4.08.

PROSTITUTION: Why is it almost always thought to be demeaning to the female selling partner but not to the male buying partner? – JZ, 13.3.94. – Q.

PROTECTION BY NUCLEAR WEAPONS? Our nuclear armed and territorially organized governments, supposedly our protectors, constitute the major problem against which we do need protection. Their promises of protection are illusory. In reality they offer us now more insecurity and danger than ever before. Under them we are on "ground zero" everywhere and they are prepared to kill us not only once but then to atomize or remainders over and over again, with their over-kill, mad and wrongful, supposedly "modern" and "scientific" "weapons". – We must protect ourselves against this kind of "protection", by abolishing it, i.e., every territorial State, which is a Warfare State, with an arms monopoly and other monopoly powers that cause wars and make their conduct possible. - See: ACCIDENTAL WAR, ACUTENESS OF DANGER, BRINKMANSHIP, DEFENCE, DESERTION, DETERRENCE, DISARMAMENT, DOOMSDAY BOMB, FREEDOM, GOVERNMENTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, MILITIA NUCLEAR STRENGTH, OVERKILL, PANARCHY, RESISTANCE, REVOLUTION, SECURITY, SELF-DEFENCE, SELF-RELIANCE, STATE, TERRITORIALISM TYRANNICIDE, WEAPONS, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - Here revised: 26.1.14. - NWT

PROTECTION OF HEADS OF STATES: Due to special immunities, powers, isolation and protection of heads of States, they are able and likely to act irresponsibly. Due to an unpublished "gentlemen's agreement", not even the attempt is made to kill them during a war. Usually, some of them, are held somewhat responsible only once they are defeated and captured in a war, in which their subjects always tend to suffer first and most. Even then, they are often allowed to escape, with some of their plunder, to write their memoirs in comfort. (According to recent news, even Idi Amin has turned up again, unlike his numerous victims, and expects not to be held responsible for his misrule. - JZ, 18.10.01.) - Rather than granting them even more war time powers, when they declare or otherwise initiate another war, they should be immediately overthrown or executed, if that should be necessary. But then we should not have been so foolish in the first place, to grant them any constitutional and exclusive power to declare and conduct wars and to prepare for them. - Due to their special and wrongful powers, which territorial "nations" granted them by their constitutions or customs, and the practice of national security, they will often be enabled to make it appear as if the other government was the unprovoked aggressor. Compare the entry of the U.S.A. into WW I & II. - They would be harmless only once they have lost all their coercive powers. Let us abolish their powerful offices wherever and whenever we can. - Until then, let there be an open hunting season on despotic and tyrannical rulers, including all armed with anti-people weapons, so that none would any longer be tempted to offend against the rights of even the least of "his" citizens and of the victims of the regimes of his enemies. Let us deprive them not only of nuclear powers but also of all monopolistic and coercive powers, so that they could no longer offend against anyone's rights, even if they wanted to brave the consequences. - This could be done as a matter of official and juridical action. Their powers could be repealed e.g. by a referendum and particular “leaders”, in a public trial, could be accused and convicted as tyrants and as such condemned to outlawry or legal execution by anyone. - In the meantime, as tax payers, and to make them less inclined to act aggressively against the rights of any of "their" citizens or any foreign citizens, let us discharge all bodyguards and secret service agents for these, our "servants", so that they would get a vested interest in becoming really friendly and peaceful. - That would help to make sure that the heads of territorial States would become the first victims of any enemies they made. - Seeing that, under territorialism, they cannot help making many enemies, even in the own country, this would also give them an incentive to explore the exterritorial autonomy alternative, by means of which they could become undisputed rulers of communities of volunteer only and, as such, relatively safe from assassins and certainly from tyrannicide attempts, since then they would also have discarded their ABC mass murder devices, as obviously wrong and useless for their purposes. - Under freedom for dissenting individuals and minorities to secede, the personal security of leaders, at least that of the honest and sensible among them, if there are any such, would not be lessened but increased. Then they would hardly need any personal protection any more. - Let us by, all means, reverse the situation where the politicians are very well protected but the people are not protected at all against the power maniacs among the politicians. - Let the politicians take their lives in their hands, when assuming power, constitutionally or otherwise, and suffer the wrath of the people - if they offend against their subjects' basic rights and liberties. - See: AMNESTY, APPEALS, CENSORSHIP, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY CONSENT, DECISION, DECLARATIONS, DESERTION, DISARMAMENT, DISOBEDIENCE, ENEMY, EXTERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE, GOVERNMENT, HUMAN RIGHTS, LEADERSHIP, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, MILITIA, MONOPOLIES, OATHS, OUTLAWRY, POWER, PUBLICITY, RECALL, REFERENDUM, REPRESENTATION, RESISTANCE, RESPONSIBILITY, REVOLUTION, RULERS, SECESSION, SECRECY, SELF-HELP, SOVEREIGNTY, SUBORDINATION, TREASON, TYRANNICIDE, VOLUNTARISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, WEAPONS, WEAPONS MONOPOLY. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - Here revised: JZ, 26.1.14.

PROTECTION: All providers of protection and security services should be subject to free market competition. Make the police forces and judicial services compete for customers and earn their revenues like all other businesses. Let the market – not the political process – determine how much protection people want.” – Carl Watner, THE VOLUNTARYIST, August 99, p.6. - That practice should be extended to all associations of volunteers to provided societal services, under personal law, self-chosen competing jurisdiction services and whole package deals, all only for their volunteers and without a territorial monopoly. - JZ, 17.2.11, 26.1.14. - POLICE, SECURITY, COURTS, JURIDICAL SERVICES, ARBITRATION, MEDIATION, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, VS. STATISM, MONOPOLISM, COERCION, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: an appalling amount of taxpayer’s money is wasted in efforts to protect people from themselves.” – From a Workers Party discussion paper on drugs, 1975.

PROTECTION: any state powerful to take complete responsibility to protect the freedom of an individual (especially a completely helpless individual) is powerful enough to take that freedom away – and the threat of the latter is worse than the threat it is intended to guard against.” – Pyrro. THE CONNECTION 99, 2.11.81, p.71. – STATE, GOVERNMENT, POWER, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: As for protection, I think we need protection from government, not the other way around. Governments don’t seem to do a very good job of protecting us from the criminals. In fact, the government seems to be the major organized agency of violence in our society.” – Robert LeFevre, in Carl Watner, Robert LeFevre, p.181.

PROTECTION: Bear in mind that if, in fact, we were protected, there would be nothing for the government to do. It is not in the best interest of the politicians that we protect ourselves. Were we in fact to be protected, government, even in the fields of defence, retaliation, and punishment, would be as obsolete as the dodo.” – Robert LeFevre, The Libertarian, p.41. – In short: self-protection or hired protection rather than “protection” by territorial governments. - JZ, 17.3.08. – MILITIAS FOR THE PROTECTION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES – TO THE EXTENT THAT THEY ARE CLAIMED IN ANY COMMUNITY OF VOLUNTEERS

PROTECTION: cops and courts no longer protect citizens, so citizens must protect themselves.” – Robert A. Heinlein, The Number of the Beast, New English Library, 1981, p.102 - Nor do territorial constitutions, laws and defence forces protect them sufficiently. In these respects, too, communities of volunteers must become free to establish their own alternative services for themselves, but always without claiming a territorial monopoly for themselves. - JZ, 17.2.11. - BY THE TERRITORIAL STATE OR SELF-PROTECTION? POLICE, COURTS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES

PROTECTION: Currently, government expenditures on police and courts run about forty dollars a year per capita. According to Friedman’s law, that means that private protection of the same average quality would cost about twenty dollars. There are many inhabitants of the ghetto who would be delighted to pay twenty dollars a year if in exchange they actually got protection; many of them have more than that stolen every year as a result of the lousy protection they get from our government-run protection system.” – David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, 177/78.

PROTECTION: Damn the magistrates who play, “protect me, I’ll protect you.” – Petronius, quoted by Leonard E. Read, in Who’s Listening? p.40. – STATE, BUREAUCRACY, COURTS, JUSTICE SYSTEM, BUREAUCRACY, RULERS, PROTECTION RACKET

PROTECTION: Do not call a wolf to protect you from the dogs.” – Russian proverb. - POLICE, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: Finally, if a man, who is compos mentis, wants any outside protection for his rights, he is perfectly competent to make his own bargains for such as he desires; and other persons have no occasion to thrust their protection upon him, against his will; or to insist, as they now do, that he shall give up all, or any, of his rights to them, in consideration of such protection, and only such protection, as they may afterwards choose to give him.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.14, in Works, I. - PROTECTIVE AGENCIES, POLICE PROTECTION, PANARCHISM, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT VS. TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: For Josiah Warren, no less than John Stuart Mill, was firmly committed to the precept that society has not right to interfere with the activities of the individual, even to protect him from harm, where no one else’s interests are involved.” – Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.75.

PROTECTION: Government can no more protect freedom than a burglar could protect a bank. To be blunt, governments of the world make Billy the Kid and Jesse James look like lovable characters in a Mother Goose bedtime story.” – SLL leaflet Voluntarism. – TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, TRIBUTE LEVIES

PROTECTION: Government does not protect all properties and earnings but greatly diminishes them and makes them more insecure. – JZ, 18.2.93. - TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: Government Doesn’t Protect People – People Protect Government.” – Text of a SLL button, No. 441, with “Government” shortened to Govt. - Offered in LIBERTAS REVIEW, Sum. 78. - Government doesn’t protect people – People protect government. – “Dangerous Buttons”, No. 42 - GOVERNMENT, PEOPLE

PROTECTION: Government is no more necessary for providing vital protection service than it is necessary for providing anything else.” – Murray N. Rothbard, reason, 3/73.

PROTECTION: Government is supposed to protect the citizen from violence and fraud. But it appears that government is the largest employer of force and fraud.” – SLL leaflet

PROTECTION: Government protection does not protect.” – Carl Watner in THE VOLUNTARYIST, 8/98, ascribing this view to Robert LeFevre.

PROTECTION: Governments don’t protect you. They can’t. All they can do is promise to make the person who hurts you pay (*) for his crime – if they can catch him. The criminal won’t pay you back, of course, so they punish him only as a deterrent to future crime. If you think the deterrent is working, why is crime always such a public issue? - Occasionally, a government policeman actually prevents a specific crime from taking place or from being completed. The odds against that are tremendous, however. If you want to eliminate all (almost all! – JZ) risk of violence, your only recourse is to pay for a guard (for at least 3 to 4 guards, in shifts) to watch over you and your property day and night. And if that’s what you want, you can hire a guard (guard service – JZ) to do it – but the price you already pay to the government won’t purchase him. - Small wonder that the Los Angeles Chief of Police advised residents to “bar their doors, buy a police dog, call us when we’re available and pray” as the best methods of protecting themselves from crime.” – LOS ANGELES TIMES, June 4, 1871, quoted by Harry Brown, “How I Found Freedom … “, p.92. – (*) “pay”? Even then, in most cases, the taxpayers, including the past and future crime victims, are made to pay for the imprisonment of such convicts in relative idleness. – JZ, 21.3.09.

PROTECTION: Governments steal from citizens before they protect them.” – Mildred Loomis, “Who Is a Liberal?” – They offer extensive protection only to their own officials. Others at best, in most cases, get only some revenge – and, usually, no restitution from the offenders. – JZ, 9.11.89.

PROTECTION: Have no fear, little boy, I am here to protect you.” – From film “The Omen”. - Be afraid! They want to “protect” you! – JZ, n.d.

PROTECTION: How is it possible to sanction, under the law of equal liberty, the confiscation of a man’s earnings to pay for protection, which he has not sought and does not desire? And, if this is an outrage, what name shall we give to such confiscation when the victim is given, instead of bread, a stone, instead of protection, oppression? To force a man to pay for the violation of his own liberty is indeed an addition of insult to injury. But that is exactly what the State is doing. Read the “CONGRESSIONAL RECORD”; follow the proceedings of the State legislatures; examine our statute books; test each act separately by the law of equal liberty.” - Benjamin R. Tucker, Relation of the State to the Individual. - TAXATION, EQUAL LIBERTY, CONSENT

PROTECTION: If a man wants ‘protection’, he is competent to make his own bargains for it; and nobody has any occasion to rob him, in order to ‘protect” him against his will.” – Lysander Spooner – VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY UNDER PERSONAL LAWS

PROTECTION: If human beings did not have to pay taxes, the amount of money they would have available for the protection of their lives and property would be prodigious. Given the flow of money in this area, the number of innovations that could be anticipated staggers the mind. There are hundreds of new devices and ideas already coming to the fore, and in a totally free market such innovative new methods and devices would probably multiply rapidly.” – Robert LeFevre, The Libertarian, p.50. – TAXATION, SELF-DEFENCE, SELF-PROTECTION

PROTECTION: If protection is right but retaliation is wrong, then I could rightly shoot a car thief, as soon as he wrongfully opens it with the intention to steal it, but not when he gets into it and drives away with it, not even when I follow him in hot pursuit, e.g. via a taxi, because this would be “retaliation”. - JZ, 1980, in a note to LeFevre’s Journal, Winter 75, revised 15.3.08. – He argued as if one owned only one’s body but not one’s property, once it is in the hands of a car thief. – JZ, 26.1.14. & RETALIATION, PUNISHMENT, SELF-DEFENCE

PROTECTION: If you protect a man from folly, you will soon have a nation of fools." - William Penn. - Compare Herbert Spender's similar remark much later. - FOLLIES & FOOLS

PROTECTION: In view of the protection we get from government, we might as well ask Willie Sutton to guard our silverware.” – Jerome Tuccille, Here Comes Immortality, p.63. – TAXATION, CRIME

PROTECTION: It cannot be said that men put all their rights into the hands of the government, in order to have them protected; because there can be no such thing as a man’s being protected in his rights, any longer than he is allowed to retain them in his own possession. The only possible way, in which any man can be protected in his rights, is to protect him in his own actual possession and exercise of them. And yet our government is absurd enough to assume that a man can be protected in his rights, after he has surrendered them altogether into other hands than his own. - This is just as absurd as it would be to assume that a man had given himself away as a slave, in order to be protected in the enjoyment of his liberty. - A man wants his rights protected, solely that he himself may possess and use them, and have the full benefit of them. But if he is compelled to give them up to somebody else, - to a government, so-called, or to any body else, - he ceases to have any rights of his own to be protected.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.13, in Works, I. - How can we believe that the government will protect all our genuine individual rights and liberties, seeing that not a single territorial government has so far managed to declare all of them? - Alas, not even the numerous libertarian and anarchist movements have managed to provide this kind of guide to fundamental principles and so far it seems that they have failed to tackle this job systematically and scientifically, and have declined to attempt to do this under all kinds of popular errors, prejudices, wrong definitions, false assumptions and conclusions. - JZ, 17.2.11. - STATE, GOVERNMENT, STATISM, SLAVERY, TERRITORIALISM, RIGHTS, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDIUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROTECTION: It is at least a tactical if not a fundamental and strategic mistake to attempt to politically protect all people from self-caused injuries, especially seeing that almost all attempts to prevent people from wilfully or negligently injuring others have so far failed and even caused great wrongs and harm in the process. – JZ, 27.1.73.

PROTECTION: It is especially noticeable that those persons, who are so impatient to protect other men in their rights that they cannot wait until they are requested to do so, have a somewhat inveterate habit of killing all who no not voluntarily accept their protection, or do not consent to give up to them all their rights in exchange for it. - If A were to go to B, a merchant, and say to him, “Sir, I am a night-watchman, and I insist upon your employing me as such in protecting your property against burglars; and to enable me to do so more effectually, I insist upon your letting me tie your own hands and feet, so that you cannot interfere with me; and also upon your delivering up to me all your keys to your store, your safe, and to all your valuables; and that you authorize me to act solely and fully according to my own will, pleasure, and discretion in the matter; and I demand still further, that you shall give me an absolute guaranty that you will not hold me to any accountability whatever for anything I may do, or for anything that may happen to your goods while they are under my protection; and unless you comply with this proposal, I will now kill you on the spot”, - if A were to say all this to B, B. would naturally conclude that A himself was the most impudent and dangerous burglar that he (B) had to fear; and that if he (B) wished to secure his property against burglars, his best way would be to kill A in the first place, and then to take his chances against all such other burglars as might come afterwards. - Our government constantly acts the part that is here supposed to be acted by A. And it is just as impudent a scoundrel as A is here supposed to be. It insists that every man shall give up all his rights unreservedly into its custody, and then hold it wholly irresponsible for any disposal it may make of them, And it gives him no alternative but death.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.14, in Works, I. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, MONOPOLISM, PROTECTION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROTECTION: It is important to realize that a two-sided transaction is no threat to you. If someone offers you something, you can turn it down. (*) And, surprisingly, most of the “crime” the government presumes to protect us against are two-sided transactions the government doesn’t approve of. - For example, the US NEWS & WORLD REPORT claims that the total yearly take from organized crime is $19,7 billion. (5). But a closer look at the figures indicates that less than a billion dollars of that is in crimes of violence. Over 90 % of the total is [from – JZ?] two-sided transactions like gambling, loan-sharking, alcohol, prostitution, and drugs. – You can simply decline to participate in any of that.” – Harry Browne, How I Found Freedom …, p.95. - (*) You are not free to turn down the “protection” offered to you by territorial governments and their “costs”, nor are you free to pick and choose the kind of protection you want to have and are willing to pay for. – JZ, 18.3.08. - CRIME, MAFIA, ORGANIZED CRIME, TRADE, FREE EXCHANGES, GOVERNMENT, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, VICTIMLESS “CRIMES”

PROTECTION: It is not the function of government to keep the citizen from error: the function of the citizen is to keep the government from error.” – Source? - If that were the function of the citizens, they would have full time job for millions. – Why should they have to bother, rather than being free to secede from it? – JZ, 15.3.08. – INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

PROTECTION: It is not the responsibility of the government or the legal system to protect a citizen from himself.” – Justice Casey Percell. - Let all people make their own mistakes - at their own risk and expense. Deterrent examples are needed by others, especially by young people. - JZ, 22. 11. 06. - AGAINST THE OWN MISTAKES, BY GOVERNMENTS? INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS LIBERTIES, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

PROTECTION: Laws that ‘protect’ a person from himself should be called ‘laws against freedom and dignity’.” – Thomas Szasz, Heresies, p.51.

PROTECTION: LeFevre contends that government protection gives more protection to criminals and less safety to citizens.” – LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, vol. 5, no. 2, Summer 78. – CRIME, CRIMINALS

PROTECTION: Legal Protection, Guardianship and Authority: Every human being has the right to effective legal protection by independent and impartial courts against all acts infringing its fundamental rights. - Every rational being has the right to make itself guardian of any human being in order to protect and realize its rights. - It has the right to institute legal proceedings before every court of justice when human rights or natural rights of rational beings are infringed, even if it is not personally involved. - Comment: Often legal protection cannot be given or not immediately or soon enough. Therefore, it cannot replace self-help measures against serious offences. Compare: 48 - 53. - The guardianship provision does not infringe e.g. the right of parents to take care of the rights of their own children but would prevent or end the abuse of parental power. – From the human rights draft in PEACE PLANS No.4, article 39.

PROTECTION: Let people protect themselves.” – JZ, 19.10.73. – SELF-DEFENCE, RIGHT TO DEFEND ONESELF

PROTECTION: Man today doesn’t huddle for protection; he gathers together for mutual achievement. A thousand men together can accomplish tasks inherently impossible to one. Let’s see you build an automobile, for instance. Starting, of course, from minerals.” – John W. Campbell in: The John W. Campbell Letters, vol. 1, 1985 Eds.: Perry A. Chapdelaine, Sr., et al., AC Projects Inc., ISBN 0-931150-16-7, p.250. - Man does not only huddle, on his own, for protection. He does often, but not often and sufficiently, collaborate actively with others to protect his rights and liberties. – JZ, n.d. – He has neither as yet compiled an as complete declaration of individual rights and liberties as it would be possible to do so by now, nor established an ideal militia force to uphold them. – Neither has he as yet established e.g. peace, monetary and financial freedom and a well-working justice system. - JZ, 11.3.09, 26.1.14. - & ACHIEVEMENT, COLLABORATION, TEAMWORK, COOPERATION, PROGRESS, PEACE, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, COMPETING JUSTICE & PROTECTION SYSTEMS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM

PROTECTION: Many people still depend on the Bill of Rights for protection, but I submit that the honest worker should seek some other method for protection because government is no longer dependable.” – JAG, Sept. 17, 75. – Governmental Bills of Rights are also all too incomplete. – JZ, 26.1.14. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: Men need protection primarily from protection.” – Free after G. c. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.40: “It seemed clear to Bastiat that Frenchmen needed protection primarily from ‘protection’. – PROTECTION FROM STATIST “PROTECTORS”, GOVERNMENTS, POLICE, COURTS, LEGISLATION, CONSTITUTIONS

PROTECTION: No man is a warmer advocate for proper restraints and wholesome checks in every department of government than I am; but I have never yet been able to discover the propriety of placing it absolutely out of the power of men to render essential services because a possibility remains of their doing ill.” – George Washington, Letter to Busrod Washington, Nov. 10, 1787. - PREVENTATIVE MEASURES, CHECKS & BALANCES, PROHIBITION, OUTLAWRY, GUN CONTROL, USURY LAWS, COMPULSORY LICENSING, WELFARE STATE, COMPETITION, FREE ENTERPRISE, GOVERNMENT MONOPOLY CLAIMS, THE WORSE ABUSES COME FROM TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS

PROTECTION: No one is more truly helpless, more completely a victim, than the one who can neither choose nor change nor escape his protectors.” – John Holt, Escape from Childhood, p.80. – “Who guards the guardians?” - CHILDREN’S RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, ORPHANAGES

PROTECTION: No one’s Life, Liberty and Property are safe while a government exists to “protect” them.” – Text of a small sticker. – Source? – A quote also offered by Simon Jester. - GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: Obviously, if a murder has occurred, it’s to late to prevent that murder. Murders must be prevented. Retaliation is just a form of vengeance. And it doesn’t bring the dead person back to life. … What if you are protected and someone wants to kill you? If you are really protected, then you can’t retaliate against the person who wants you dead. Nothing has happened. (*) Retaliation is reaction. We must learn to take action before, not after the commission of a crime.” (**) - Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.192/93. - (*) A false assumption here. Real protection has happened. The protection may have involved the killing of the would-be murderer! – (**) What about, killing the would be murderer in self-defence, during his criminal assault, when e.g. some justified words or a slap on the wrist or in the face are not enough to deter him? That would also be retaliating against him, using the necessary force for this, but a defensive use of it, as opposed to his offensive use of force. - JZ, 16.3.08. - CRIME, RETALIATION, PREVENTION OF CRIMES,

PROTECTION: Only an individual who recognizes that his self-controlling responsibility is a condition of human life, and fully accepts the responsibility of a creator of the human world, can protect human rights in the infinite complexity of men’s relationships with each other. Only this individual protection of all men’s rights can keep their natural freedom operating on this earth.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.158. – An obvious precondition for this would be an ideal declaration of all individual rights and liberties, which were so far discovered and stated somewhere by someone. It either does not yet exist so far or is not sufficiently known as yet. Alas, I have still to find sufficient interest in such a declaration to bring it about, with input from thousands to millions. – JZ, 17.3.08, 26.1.14. – SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, COMPLEXITY, SELF-HELP

PROTECTION: Only you can protect you.” – Don Hazen Jr., NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY, 77, June 12, 77. – SELF-PROTECTION, SELF-DEFENCE, POLICE

PROTECTION: Our government, so carefully created to forever protect our rights, has now become the greatest single violator of those rights.” – René Baxter, in FREEDOM TODAY, 9/75. – It was created under the careless assumption that a territorial monopoly would be best for this purpose. – JZ, 15.3.08. – STATISM, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, POLICE, OFFICIAL PROTECTION RACKET, LIMITED BUT TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT

PROTECTION: Protect the weak but don’t injure strong and weak in so doing.” - Robert LeFevre, in LeFevre’s Journal, Spring 74.

PROTECTION: protect your society against your state.” – Wilhelm Reich, Listen Little Man, p.44. – The territorial State is not “our” State, because not all of us in a territory have given our individual consent to it, no more so than formerly to any particular King or hierarchical church. Further, the territorial State has prevented our own kinds of societies to come into existence in any of the spheres which it has territorially monopolized for itself, including most of the spheres of protection and defence. – JZ, 17.3.08.

PROTECTION: Protect yourself by recognizing that as individuals it is up to you to protect your property and not leave it to a farcical government agency.” – Robert LeFevre, in LeFevre’s Journal, Winter 75.

PROTECTION: Protection and defence by territorial governments amounts, largely, to aggression under the pretence of protection and defence. – JZ, 19.11.95, 31.3.08.

PROTECTION: Protection and taxation without consent is itself invasion; hence Anarchism favours a system of voluntary taxation and protection.” – Benjamin R. Tucker, LIBERTY, 212-2. – There are and were thousands of taxation systems and preferences and at least dozens of voluntary taxation alternatives.  The ultimate tax reform would be based upon individual choices or rejections. So would ultimate systems of protection, jurisdiction, currency and capital. – JZ, 21.11.82, 7.1.99, 20.9.04. - CONSENT, TAXATION & VOLUNTARY TAXATION, PANARCHISM

PROTECTION: Protection and taxation without consent is itself invasion; anarchism favors a system of voluntary taxation and protection.” – Victor Yarros, quoted by James Martin, Men Against the State, p.237. – ANARCHISM, CONSENT, TAXATION

PROTECTION: protection for inefficiency and restrictive practices.” - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.193. – And also for all kinds of legalized monopolies and privileges? Here copyrights and patents are important enough to be discussed separately. I think that the stronger case can be made against granting such legalized but already time-limited privileges. – However, good enough alternatives to such privileges have either still to be invented or to be sufficiently publicized. - JZ, 23.3.08. – PROTECTIONISM, MONOPOLIES, PRIVILEGES

PROTECTION: Protection is the price of obedience everywhere, in all countries. It is the only thing that makes government respectable. Deny it and you cannot have free subjects or citizens; you may have slaves.” – Robert Toombs, Speech in the Senate, Jan. 7, 1861. – Since territorial governments do not provide protection (apart form some exceptional cases, for officials for instance) but at best only revenge – no government is thus respectable. – JZ, 16.10.85. - Some do even constitute the worst threats to personal security. As for their defence practices: Look at the millions of conscripts and innocent civilians killed in their “defence” efforts – and at their nuclear weapons stores or alliance, their preparations for “modern” mass murder. – JZ, 31.3.08. – TERRITORIALISM, NWT

PROTECTION: Reality punishes error far more effectively than do legislatures and police. If you protect every man from his folly, you will raise a nation of fools.” – Rod Manis, A Youth Manifesto, p.118 in an anthology. “Outside Looking In”? – REALITY, LAWS, POLICE PROTECTION

PROTECTION: releasing the individual from leading-strings which ought never to have been imposed: that is a thing that can be done at a moment’s notice.” – C. E. Vaughan, Studies in the History of Political Philosophy before and after Rousseau, p.103.

PROTECTION: Rogge’s rule tickles my fancy: Whenever the government passes a law for your protection, take to the hills – because you are about to be had.” – Leonard E. Read, Talking to Myself, 1970, p.136. (Benjamin A. Rogge, then Prof. of Political Economy, Wabash College.) – LAWS

PROTECTION: Saving men against their will is no true salvation.” – Sandra Miesel in comments: The Book of Poul Anderson, p.188. – However, preventing a person, especially a child, in an emotional state from committing suicide does him no wrong, for then it is not his rational personality that is acting. – JZ, 15.3.08.

PROTECTION: Since you already pay separately for the things that actually protect you (locks, alarm systems, insurance, watch dogs, etc.), would protection be much more expensive if there were no government?” - Harry Brown, “How I Found Freedom … “, p.96. – GOVERNMENT

PROTECTION: So to protect you from the syndicates, the government makes you pay tribute for the privileges of working, going into business, or staying on your own property; it dictates the terms of your relationship with customers and friends. It finances your competition with your money. And it can even enslave you in its army. – What could the Mafia do that would be worse?” – Harry Brown, “How I Found Freedom … “, p.95. - CRIME, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, MAFIA, TAXATION, COMPULSORY LICENSING, RATES, ALL TOO MANY WRONGFUL LAWS

PROTECTION: Support protective agencies! All only with voluntary subscribers and exterritorial autonomy. – Rather than maintaining a system territorial monopoly system for constitutions, legislation, administration, policing, court and penal services. – JZ, n.d., 17.3.08. 17.2.11, 26.1.14.

PROTECTION: That is why one will always find the individualist willing to make a contract with grouping, to the terms of which each party will live, organize himself as he thinks best and mutually guarantee security. That is why one will always find individualists, alone or associated, willing to renounce the “protection” of the State, the “benefits” of society, since they are left “free” (at their own risk and peril and without interfering in the groups outside of them) to live their own lives, ethically, economically, sexually, intellectually, etc. – With regard to any collectivity which wishes to make them do anything against their liking, the individual anarchists will hold themselves on the defensive and will consider themselves in a permanent state of insurrection, open or concealed, according to circumstances. And what anti-authoritarian will reproach such an attitude?” – B. A., a Melbourne High-School student, quoted in RED & BLACK, 4/73. – INDIVIDUALIST ANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, RESISTANCES, DOING ONE’S OWN THINGS, ANTI-AUTHORITARIANISM, RENUNCIATION, WITHDRAWAL, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUALISM, CONTRACTS, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM,  VOLUNTARISM

PROTECTION: The central idea of libertarianism is that people should be permitted to run their own lives as they wish. We totally reject the idea that people must be forcibly protected from themselves. - David D. Friedman, Capitalism – Facebook, 23.10.13. - LIBERTARIANISM

PROTECTION: The government concludes that what they call ‘the law’ is the final authority. So government doesn’t really try to protect the people: instead, it tries to enforce the law. - Isn’t that the same thing? - No, it isn’t, … For once the people in government find that the public at large is shifting responsibility to them and that they have the power to collect any sum of money whatever, then the people in government, hoping to win fine reputations for doing good, begin to collect more and more money so that can do more and more things with it.” - Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.190. - STATISM, LAWS, WELFARE STATE, RESPONSIBILITY, GOVERNMENT, TAXATION, TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, WELFARE STATE

PROTECTION: The government has no right to protect you without your permission. The act of birth carries with it no de facto consent to be under the protection of a government.” – Stanley Liebermann, A IS A NEWSLETTER, 1/72. – TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: The government rips people off to get together the money to keep people from getting ripped off.” – Robert LeFevre, quoted in 1978 SLL leaflet. - TAXATION, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: The government’s pretence of protecting him, as an equivalent of the taxation, afford no justification. It is for himself to decide whether he desires such protection as the government offers him. If he do (*) not desire it, or do (*) not bargain for it, the government has no more right than any other insurance company to impose it upon him, or make him pay for it. – Lysander Spooner, Works, vol II, on taxation. (p.?) – (*) does? – JZ - VOLUNTARISM, GOVERNMENT, TAXATION, PANARCHISM, CHOICE

PROTECTION: The only (*) protection which honest people need is protection against that vast Society for the Creation of Theft which is euphemistically designated as the state.” – Benjamin R. Tucker. – It does not even deserve to be called a society. It is, rather, a racket or a gang. – JZ, 15.3.08. – STATE, TERRITORIALISM. – (*) Replace “only” by “main” – JZ, 31.3.08.

PROTECTION: The only ones really somewhat protected by the State are its top executives. – JZ, 15.1.00.

PROTECTION: The only protection which honest people need is protection against that vast Society for the Creation of Theft which is euphemistically designated as the State. – Benjamin R. Tucker, ANARCHIST STICKERS, Nr.46. - STATE

PROTECTIONISM: Free trade would contribute not only to the health of democratic government but also to world peace. Protectionism injects government decisions into trade, makes business into diplomacy, widens the range of possible international frictions, and raises private frictions into intergovernmental frictions. Free trade decentralises decision-making in the field of international trade and cuts down the number of issues that could arise among governments. - Leland Yeager - Liberty Quotations – Facebook, 25.9.13. – FREE TRADE

PROTECTION: The only way we can fully protect someone against his own mistakes and the uncertainties of the world is to make him a slave. He is then defenseless before our whims and weaknesses. Most people would prefer to take their chances with the world. They have the right to that choice.” – John Hold, Escape from Childhood, p.86.

PROTECTION: The peaceful person’s actual protection in civilization is the respect for his natural rights which most people feel. This general attitude is expressed in law, in legal rights; these are supposed to protect him, and Government is supposed to enforce them. Actually, the men in Government can not protect anyone; they can only punish and kill those who have injured him. The police can not prevent crime; they punish criminals. (*) An American’s legal right to property does not keep him from being cheated and robbed; it is government’s authority for punishing crooks and robbers. A man’s legal right to life does not save him from being murdered; it is Government’s authority for hanging the person who has murdered him. No American is any safer now than Americans were on the frontier where there was no Government and no legal rights. - Government can not prevent crimes because men in Government have no control over anyone but themselves.” (**) – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.204. - (*) They cannot prevent most crimes. They only capture and get convicted and punished some criminals. – (**) Even the record of their secret police and anti-espionage efforts is full of failures. - JZ, 15.?.08.

PROTECTION: the people in so many countries have learned that they need protection from the excesses of their political leaders. …” - Henry Hazlitt, What You Should Know About Inflation, p.26. – Have all of them learned that lesson sufficiently? - JZ, 17.2.11. – Statism and territorialism are still predominant ideologies. – JZ, 26.1.14. - INFLATION, POLITICIANS, POLITICS

PROTECTION: The police can’t stop an intruder, mugger, or stalker from hurting you. They can pursue him only after he has hurt or killed you. Protecting yourself from harm is your responsibility, and you are far less likely to be hurt in a neighborhood of gun-owners than in one of disarmed citizens – even if you don’t own a gun yourself.” – Harry Browne – SELF-DEFENCE, FIRE ARMS, GUNS, PROTECTION IS LARGELY A SELF-HELP BUSINESS, SINCE THE POLICE COMES, USUALLY, MUCH TOO LATE

PROTECTION: The protection of failure and not the promotion of success (*) has become too much the purpose of the state.” – Prof. Ferns, The Disease of Government, p.92. – (*) It should neither promote nor “protect” success, except against aggressors. But the main aggressor is usually the territorial State, e.g. via taxation, its laws, institutions and numerous “programs”, “measures” and “policies”. – JZ, 16.3.08, 21.3.09. – SUBSIDIES, BAILOUTS, AGGRESSION, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: the protection, that asks you to be credulous enough to tie up your left hand, in order that your right hand may work more profitably.” – Auberon Herbert, A Plea for Voluntarism, p. 361 in the Mack edition of Auberon Herbert’s essays. – STATE, GOVERNMENT, BUREAUCRACY, MONOPOLISM, CENTRALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

PROTECTION: The protectors are the real problem.” – Source? D.Z.? n.d. - The territorial and official "protectors". - JZ, 17.2.11. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

PROTECTION: The real protection of life and property, always and everywhere, is the general recognition of the brotherhood of man. How much of the time is any American within sight of a policeman? Our lives and property are protected by the way nearly everyone feels about another persons life and property.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.110. – Alas, when it comes e.g. to taxation, wars and all too numerous laws and other government interventions, one cannot rely as yet on the brotherly feeling of one’s neighbors or on their ethics or appreciation of individual rights and liberties. They have been largely mis-educated by the State. On the contrary, one has to fear their votes and their representatives. – JZ, 17.3.08. - BROTHERHOOD OF MAN, RESPECT FOR THE RIGHTS& LIBERTIES OF OTHERS, POLICE, TAXATION, VOTING, POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: The regulatory “protectors of the ecology” and enemies of “business greed” are, as William Simon puts it, not “protectors of life, (but) … heralds of slow death.” – What is humanitarian about destroying the wealth producing machinery that has brought us technological advancement and scientific discoveries that have made us the most advanced nation on earth?” – R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.211.

PROTECTION: The state and municipality go to great expense to support policemen and sheriffs and judicial officers, to protect people against themselves, that is, against the results of their own folly, vice, and recklessness. Who pays for it? Undoubtedly (*) the people who have not been guilty of folly, vice, or recklessness.” – W. G. Sumner, The Forgotten Man, 1883. (*) and largely, … – JZ

PROTECTION: The State threatens the life and liberty of the individual much more than it protects it. …” - K. H. Z., LERNZIEL ANARCHY, Nr.2, p.49.

PROTECTION: The ultimate result of shielding men from the effects of folly, is to fill the world with fools.” - Herbert Spencer, 1820-1903, in 1844 and or 1891. - ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – Another version: “The ultimate result of protecting men from the results of their own folly is to fill the world with fools.” – Compare: If you protect a man from folly, you will soon have a nation of fools." - William Penn - What is right for babies and infants is not right for further grown-up children and teenagers, far less for most adults. – JZ, 10.1.08, 26.1.14. - OR SELF-RESPONSIBILITY? FOR ALL KINDS OF FOOLS, FOOLISHNESS & STUPIDITY? PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, RIGHT TO MAKE MISTAKES, WELFARE STATE

PROTECTION: The weak should be protected, sure, but should the strong be hewn down to provide their firework?” – Bob Ellis, NATION REVIEW, 14.9.73. –Firewood? – JZ

PROTECTION: The wealth-creators should be treated as heroes. It is the politicians and the bureaucrats who should be abused, mocked and insulted. It is the politicians and bureaucrats from whom we should be protected.” – Workers Party discussion paper: “Government is a Wealth Hazard”, 1975. – POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, BUSINESSMEN, CAPITALISTS, PRODUCERS, EXCHANGERS, INNOVATORS, ENTREPRENEURS, MANAGERS, SAVERS & INVESTORS

PROTECTION: There’s no way an individual can escape having to protect himself – with or without a government. But it’s assumed that no one person can protect himself against what’s called “organized crime” – the “Mafia” or other syndicates. How can an individual cope with a problem so large? - Why not? No individual could build a shopping center by himself, since the materials must be obtained from hundreds of remote places around the world and thousands of operations are required to build the buildings. Somehow, though, the job gets done through the voluntary actions of literally millions of people throughout the world. And no one has to be coerced to make it possible. - If governments didn’t coercively monopolize the market for protection, there’d undoubtedly be more forms of protection offered on a voluntary basis to those who feel threatened by organized crime.” - Harry Brown, “How I Found Freedom … “, p.92. – But even the largest shopping centers are so far only self-protected by their own security forces against small crooks and organized criminals, not against the tax robbers. – JZ, 17.3.08. - The private security forces do, usually, already outnumber the official ones. And those thus effectively protected are still forced to pay taxes towards the governmental "protection" that they do not receive. - JZ, 17.2.11.

PROTECTION: They protect me from me, but who protects me from them? – Title of an article in, in its literature list, Data Prospecting book list. – GOVERNMENT, POWER POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, LEGISLATORS, LAWS, SAFETY REGULATIONS

PROTECTION: This and no other is the root from which a tyrant springs; when he first appears he is a protector." - Plato, (427-347 BC) - & TYRANNY, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: To count on the law to protect you is a grave mistake.” - Harry Browne, How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World, p.182. – LAW, SELF-RELIANCE, SELF-HELP, SELF-DEFENCE, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: To say, as the advocates of our government do, that a man must give up some of his natural rights, to a government, in order to have the rest of them protected – the government being all the while the sole and irresponsible judge as to what rights he does give up, and what he retains, and what are to be protected – is to say that he gives up all the rights that the government chooses, at any time, to assume that he has given up; and that he retains none, and is to be protected in none, except such as the government shall, at all times, see fit to protect, and to permit him to retain. This is to suppose that he has retained no rights at all, that he can, at any time, claim as his own, as against the government. It is to say that he has really given up every right, and reserved none.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.13, in Works, I. - STATISM, HUMAN RIGHTS, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, NATURAL LAW

PROTECTION: We are unprotected now. We need protection and the market place is the place where it can be provided.” – Robert LeFevre tapes.

PROTECTION: We can change protectors without changing countries.” – David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.168. – We should be quite free to do that, via individual and group secessions and voluntary associations under personal law and exterritorial autonomy. So far this important right and liberty is suppressed by all territorial governments,. - JZ, 17.2.11. - TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, FREE CHOICE OF GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES, PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM

PROTECTION: We can protect ourselves against men who would do us evil. But God save us from the men who would do us good!” – Ayn Rand in L. Peikoff, The Early Ayn Rand, p.376: “Think Twice.” – DO-GOODERS, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION

PROTECTION: We cannot count on the state to do anything to protect us.” – H. J. Ehrlich et al, “Reinventing Anarchy”, p.22. – STATE, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTION: We must remember that government, no matter how hard it tries, cannot protect an individual from themselves. (*) This legislation is simply one more attempt by big government to tell us that they know what is best for us. It is not the first time and it will not be the last.” – Peter Calcagno – (*) himself? – JZ - PROTECTING INDIVIDUALS AGAINST THEMSELVES? BIG BROTHER LEGISLATION

PROTECTION: We need protection against government.” – Comment to p.5 of PEACE PLANS No.7. - By whom? - Dr H.G. Pearce? - By self-chosen protective communities and societies of volunteers that are exterritorially quite autonomous. Also by a new kind of militia of volunteers, for all individual rights and liberties which are already claimed in some communities and societies of volunteers. - JZ, 17.2.11, 24.1.14.

PROTECTION: We trust the government to protect us little more than we trust it to feed us, and so we view with some suspicion the massive and bloody foreign interventions that it justifies (*) as a necessary part of our defense.” – David Friedman, in Manifesto, p.57. – (*) That it tries to justify as … - JZ )

PROTECTION: Well, you might say, isn’t the freedom of choice you lose worth the protection you get? But who gets to draw the line? I want to draw my own line.” – World Research, “Freedom of Choice.”

PROTECTION: What Mencken finally concluded was that despite all of the protestations that democracy was the protector of liberty, it was not that protector.” – R. Dale Grinder, LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, I/3, p.49. - DEMOCRACY, LIBERTY

PROTECTION: What sort of protection is of the general right, that is maintained by infringing the rights of particulars?” – Edmund Burke, A Vindication of Natural Society. – That thought should be expressed much better in modern English. – I am not game to try but ask, instead: How often do policemen really uphold all genuine individual rights and liberties – rather than infringing some of them? – How many policemen, if any, do know and appreciate all individual rights and liberties? – Would they be policemen, under present conditions, if they did? - JZ, 15.3.08. – We can hardly blame them, seeing that the legislators, bureaucrats, lawyers and judges do not know and respect all genuine individual rights and liberties either, nor do most of the voters. Not even most anarchists and libertarians do or wish to know them. - JZ, 17.2.11. - STATE, POLICE, TAXATION, POLICE MONOPOLY, RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, QUESTIONS.

PROTECTION: When the first fire-engine appeared in Japan, the carpenters asked to have it removed because it robbed workmen of the employment provided by fires. – Bastiat himself never invented anything better.” – Yves Guyot, The Comedy of Protection, VIII. – “ROBBING JOBS”, EMPLOYMENT, THE ASSUMPTION THAT THE NUMBER OF JOBS IS LIMITED

PROTECTION: Whenever and wherever territorial States do not provide sufficient protection for the defence of all individual rights and liberties – and where and when did they ever? – the first steps required are self-defence and this also with firearms. But beyond such efforts the individual must also be free to secede from any of the to him unsatisfactory territorial protection agency and this through individual secessionism, combined with the right to form or join new and really protective alternative associations, communities and societies, all of them on a voluntary and exterritorially autonomous basis, in short, more effective alternative institutions, under personal law. – We should no longer rely on the “protection” provided by territorial politicians and bureaucrats (for others than themselves). - JZ 4.9.89, 31.3.08, 17.2.11, 26.1.14.

PROTECTION: Why does it seem the only thing the government truly ‘protects” us from is our own freedom? – BASTIAT INSTITUTE.COM – quoted by David Widner shared Freedom Shout's photo. – Facebook, 15.7.13. - GOVERNMENT, FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, Q.

PROTECTION: why should they wish to protect him, if he does not wish them to do so? – To suppose that they would do so, is just as absurd as it would be to supposed that they would take his money without his consent, for the purpose of buying food or clothing for him, when he did not want it. - 4. If a man wants “protection”, he is competent to make his own bargains for it; and nobody has any occasion to rob him, in order to “protect” him against his will. - 5. That the only security men can have for their political liberty, consists in their keeping their money in their own pockets, until they have assurances, perfectly satisfactory to themselves, that it will be used as they wish it to be used, for their benefit, and not for their injury. - 6. That no government, so called, can reasonably be trusted for a moment, or reasonably be supposed to have honest purposes in view, any longer than it depends wholly upon voluntary support. - These facts are all so vital and so self-evident, that it cannot reasonably be supposed that any one will voluntarily pay money to a “government”, for the purpose of securing its protection, unless he first makes an explicit and purely voluntary contract with it for that purpose.” - Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI, in Works, vol. I. – Underlining by me: JZ - GOVERNMENTS, STATES, TAXATION, PROTECTION RACKET, POWER, MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM, CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION & STATE OR SOCIETY, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, SOCIAL CONTRACT, PANARCHISM, FREE CHOICE BETWEEN GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES, VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP

PROTECTION: You can’t protect one freedom by taking away another.” – David Proud, 2/75.

PROTECTIONISM: 57.5 % tariff on imported cars … protection only instils complacency, inefficiency and high prices.” - D. Brock, NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, No.4, 1981, p.41.

PROTECTIONISM: A big protected factory, if it really needs the protection for its support, is a heavier load for the Forgotten Men and Women than an iron-clad ship of war in time of peace.” – W.G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.128.

PROTECTIONISM: A country which can only dispose of its shoddy merchandise by erecting barriers to keep other goods out and prevent its inhabitants from going elsewhere to shop, should not be styled a leading industrial nation.” – Clarence B. Carson, in THE FREEMAN, date? Page 477.

PROTECTIONISM: A government that maintains a policy of blatant Protection, thereby contributing to international friction, can scarcely be said to be doing its duty towards preserving national security, …” - L. P. Middleton, in GOOD GOVERNMENT, April 66. – SECURITY, NATIONAL SECURITY, FREE TRADE, PEACE, WAR

PROTECTIONISM: A protected thread mill … “is not an institution for getting thread for the American people, but for making thread harder to get than it would be if there were no such institution.” - W.G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.127.

PROTECTIONISM: A protective duty is a tax directed against a foreign product; but we must never forget that it falls back on the home consumer.” – Bastiat, quoted by Curtis, The Tariff Idea, p.39.

PROTECTIONISM: A protective tariff is a typical conspiracy in restraint of trade. – Thorstein Veblen: The Engineers and the Price System, 1921. – In George Seldes: The Great Quotations.

PROTECTIONISM: a sin is committed when Capital is diverted from its normal course, to be employed in producing at home what which is expensive and inferior, instead of preparing that which will purchase the same article cheaper and superior abroad.” – William Graham Sumner, quoted in Richard Hofstaedter, Social Darwinism in American Thought, p. 52/53.

PROTECTIONISM: A tariff is an act of war: …” - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 10/77.

PROTECTIONISM: After 100 years all the “infant” industries should long be weaned. They are nothing but parasites.” – Old and very powerful ones!- JZ, 1972.

PROTECTIONISM: all have a vested interest in securing our material needs from the cheapest reliable source. As a nation of consumers, we would be better off having the employees in over-protected feather-bedded industries pensioned off at current wage rates than to pay prices absurdly inflated by high tariffs.” – PROGRESS, 4/75, p.2.

PROTECTIONISM: All protectionist measures should be made individually optional and not imposed upon anybody under false pretences. – JZ, 21.10.92, 18.2.08. – Protectionism only for volunteers, just like Free Trade only for its volunteers. – Then we would, most likely, get several different protectionist communities of volunteers and perhaps only a single and world-wide one of Free Traders. - JZ, 18.2.08. – All of them would practise their articles of faith or conviction only among their volunteers. – JZ, 26.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: All too often the national consumer is considered as the nationalized property of the national producers. Consumer sovereignty against all monopolists! – JZ 13.7.91.

PROTECTIONISM: Allow people to individually choose for themselves all or any or none at all of the real or imagined benefits of free trade or protectionism. - JZ 25.12.92, 26.1.14. & FREE TRADE

PROTECTIONISM: An efficient industry does not need protection anyhow.” – Mrs. Sheila Jones, 1972.

PROTECTIONISM: And if a man, in our own country – either from motives of profit to himself, or from motives of pity towards the pauper laborers of other countries – chooses to buy the products of the foreign pauper labor, rather than the products of the laborers of his own country, he has a perfect legal right to do so. And for any government to forbid him to do so, or to obstruct his doing so, or to punish him for doing so, is a violation of his natural right of purchasing property of whom he pleases, and from such motives as he pleases.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.45, in Works I.

PROTECTIONISM: Any genuine economy is not merely a national economy but a world economy. Protectionists have not yet realized that. – JZ, 18.2.08. – Or they do wrongly wish to monopolistically corner the market to their advantage unilateral advantage. – JZ. 26.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: As a nation of consumers, we would be better off having the employees in over-protected, feather-bedded industries pensioned off at current wage rates than to pay prices absurdly inflated by high tariffs. - "PROGRESS", 4/75.

PROTECTIONISM: Beg the government to protect us from cheap goods? How absurd can you get? - JZ, 72.

PROTECTIONISM: Businessmen who ask for tariffs, quotas, and other barriers to free entry and competition cannot logically criticize strikers who threaten or use force to keep others from jobs the strikers have vacated. The latter claim ownership of these jobs, whereas protectionists among businessmen claim the ownership of customers and their trade. There is no difference in principle; coercion is employed in either case. Each restricts our freedom to exchange goods and services.” – Leonard E. Read, Meditations on Freedom, p.24. – FREE TRADE, COMPETITION, JOBS, CUSTOMERS, FREE CHOICE VS. COERCION, MONOPOLISM

PROTECTIONISM: But tariff laws give an illusion of protection in the shorter term, and that's what gets you votes.” - James P. Hogan, The Mirror Maze, p.81. - TARIFFS, VOTES

PROTECTIONISM: But the most absurd of all is the obsession that a country can prosper only when it has a favorable balance of trade, that is, when it exports more than it imports and receives in income more than it pays out – which is tantamount to saying that a country can prosper only at the expense of other countries. (*) This was, indeed, the favorite argument of he supporters of mercantilism, a policy whose disastrous consequences are very well described in the book by Conrad, previously cited. What the exponents of this doctrine fail to realize is that it is impossible to be rich in the midst of poverty, because wealth consists in the possibility of making exchanges. (**) Suppose, for example, that the United States keeps on exporting year after year more than it imports, until it finally accumulates virtually all the money of the other countries, which have been spending all this time in importing more than they have exported and paying the difference in gold. Either the United States will have to use this gold to make further purchases and thereby render its balance of payments “unfavorable”, or international commerce will have to be reduced to barter transactions in which the people of the United States will give more than they receive. (***) A country prospers economically when it increase its production of goods that, by their quality and price, are in demand in the world market, and with the proceeds from such sales, buys in the same market other products which it needs and which are offered for sale by those capable of producing them in abundance at attractive prices. – It is easy to understand that this is possible only when both buyer and seller enjoy full liberty to exercise their initiative, not merely within each country, but across political boundaries. - Faustino Ballvé, Essentials of Economics, 1956 in Mexico, from the English edition, D. Van NostrandCompany Inc., 1963, FEE edition, undated, p.73/74. - (*) However, there is a rightful core in that. If one does wrongly assumes that only rare metal currencies are sound and that they are absolutely needed in the greatest quantities obtainable, to mediate all internal monetary exchanges and considers at the same time that they were always in so short supply and that nowhere did they succeed to eliminate all barter transactions, many of them only laboriously conducted for want of means of payment, then one can understand that some governments, and economists or traders, still blind to the monetary and clearing freedom alternatives, including free choice of value standards, desperately tried to get as much currency as possible of this kind of exclusive currency, one wrongly thought to be the only possible or best possible one. Very few considered e.g. the gold-clearing or gold-accounting standard as an optional value standard for an unlimited number of free and wanted exchanges, all paid for in other means of exchange but with prices and exchange media or clearing options determined in the value of gold weight units on a free gold market. Then and thus, with gold coins being neither exclusive means of payment nor exclusive value standards, not being required as cover, redemption or guaranty goods, they could serve in any available quantity, however small, merely as value standards and this for an unlimited number of free exchanges, all brought about by all kinds of competitively supplied alternative free market monies and clearing methods, but using, for all of these exchanges, if they wanted to, this kind of optional and efficient value standard, which would not suffer under any supply difficulties or production limits and would also be independent of the quantity of hoarded of gold coins or of gold used in teeth or as jewellery or industrially. Perhaps only the Swiss, Jewish and German school of monetary freedom has seen and described that option clearly enough. Alas, clear and sound ideas in monetary matters are still all too rare and flawed or incomplete ideas still predominate in this sphere as well. – (**) If the poor man has really nothing to offer, then, naturally, no exchange is possible for him. However, if he is able and willing to work, then an exchange with the poor is possible and the ones able and willing to pay them for this, will be more or less their master. So far the poor in almost all countries have failed to ponder how they could increase their own ability to pay, e.g. with their own exchange media or clearing certificates or those competitively supplied by others and offered to them in payment of their services. Then they would no longer be dependent upon the supply of any exclusive currency, like rare metal coins, or any monopoly money, issued by any governmental central bank. – Under that condition they could progress from rags to prosperity in a relatively short time, within much less than one generation. Immigrants have often demonstrated that, even under the remaining restrictions of monetary despotism of central banking and its all too often over- or under-supplied currency. – My wife and I arrived in Australia with less than 10 pounds. Now she has a house and so do I and 2 of my 3 sons. These two are well- paid professionals, earning more than I ever did. Only one, a greenie dropout, health fanatic, artist and artisan lives in the self-chosen poverty resulting from his personal preferences, in spite of the good education he has had and many inborn abilities and his all too limited open air market options he has in Hobart. He does not even make use of his Internet options to achieve more sales and higher prices for his artistic and craft-work, although he had studied computer technology. People make their own choices and still do largely determine their own fate, values and existence, and standard of living or lack of it, in many countries, like e.g. Australia. – (***) This I do deny. Barter transactions are, inherently, as equitable as they can be. They are limited options and all too laborious if confined to exchanges of goods, services for services and labour and this without the numerous monetary and clearing alternatives. - JZ, 17.8.13, 26.1.14. - BALANCE OF TRADE, BALANCE OF PAYMENTS, FREE & AUTOMATICALLY ACHIEVED OR ONLY THROUGH COERCION, MONOPOLIES, CENTRALIZED CONTROLS, REGULATIONS, DIRECTIONS, PLANNING  & SPECIAL LEGISLATION?

PROTECTIONISM: But what the protectionists conveniently forget is that for every job lost in a domestic industry because of competition with imports, a job can be gained in an export industry.“ – Walter Block, Defending the Undefendable, p.179. – JOBS, EMPLOYMENT, IMPORTS, EXPORTS, FREE TRADE.

PROTECTIONISM: Censorship of the exchange of goods and services is no more moral or rational than is censorship of the exchange of ideas and opinions. - JZ, 73.

PROTECTIONISM: Criminals are not allowed to trade freely with the public outside of gaols. The protectionists also treat us like convicted prisoners serving gaol sentences. - JZ, 73.

PROTECTIONISM: Custom officers, for instance, and politicians, do live, largely, through extortion. Legally through taxes, which they enforce and out of which their salaries etc. are paid and, all too often, illegally, through bribes they can extract from the victims of the legalized but wrongful policies that they would, otherwise, enforce against them. – During the French Revolution there were only a few politicians known and appreciated as being at least incorruptible, however terrorizing and economically harmful their measures were. (E.g. the forced currency inflation and the terror practised under Robespierre.) What will future historians say about our political leaders? – Even many contemporary ones are already very critical towards them. - JZ, 10.8.06 , 26.1.14.  - CUSTOM OFFICERS, PUBLIC SERVANTS, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, TAXES, TARIFFS, CORRUPTION, EXTORTION

PROTECTIONISM: Each state tries to keep out the goods from other states.” – Aslam Effendi, reason, 2/73. – Impoverishing your neighbor and yourself, as a “policy”! The condition of mutual blockades offered as a “trade” policy! – JZ, 17.3.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Economically we live on one planet, not on a checker board. - JZ, 72. - The free market knows nothing of borders. - JZ, 5.11.02. – Nor do any individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 26.1.14. – FREE TRADE, FREE MIGRATION, EXPORTS, IMPORTS

PROTECTIONISM: FDR, by the way, did not keep his tariff-cut promises. And in 1941 he embargoed the export of oil to Japan, an action tantamount to a declaration of war on a country dependent on foreign oil for its survival. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor six months later. – Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.21, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984. – The embargo may have been a well-meaning attempt to end Japan’s war against China. But this war was itself based upon the protectionist notion that markets ought to be conquered rather than opened up through free trade, including monetary and financial freedom. – JZ, 12.7.13.

PROTECTIONISM: Foreigners don’t force their products on us; we want the things that they have to sell. The government intervenes and makes things more expensive plus they make us feel that these others are our enemies.” – Wm. S. Fox, in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4;/75.

PROTECTIONISM: Free Trade gives plenty. Protection is an artificial device for securing wealth and comfort for the few out of scarcity for the many.” – Sir Ernest Benn, – Murmurings II/p.50. FREE TRADE

PROTECTIONISM: Free trade would contribute not only to the health of democratic government but also to world peace. Protectionism injects government decisions into trade, makes business into diplomacy, widens the range of possible international frictions, and raises private frictions into intergovernmental frictions. Free trade decentralises decision-making in the field of international trade and cuts down the number of issues that could arise among governments. - Leland Yeager - Liberty Quotations – Facebook, 25.9.13. – FREE TRADE

PROTECTIONISM: From the first, this protective tariff worked as all attempts to control productive human energy have always worked. It made everyone poorer. But the owners of the infant industries, still pagan-minded, still regarding wealth as a static quantity, and Government as Authority, imagined that this restriction of trade was making them prosperous.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.63. - TARIFFS, CUSTOM DUTIES, MONOPOLISM

PROTECTIONISM: GW: … governments SURELY have a right to act collectively to preserve their economies from destruction. We’re not talking about warships, it’s ABSOLUTELY ESSENTIAL for the economy, is it not? - - EP: So are imports of FOOD, IRON ORE, etc. Is that any reason for governments to become the PRINCIPALS in all economic transactions? WE ARE NOT YET A SOVIET.” – Enoch Powell, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 6/75.

PROTECTIONISM: History does repeat itself, primarily because politicians keep repeating themselves. (*) Around the world, a half century later (**), political leaders are strangling international trade with protectionist laws that must surely cast us all into the second Great Depression of the century, and again make war the final arbiter of the self-idolizing nationalisms that stifle the world. - Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.20, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984. - (*) Rather, they do respond to popular errors and prejudices or simply share them. – (**) After protectionism lead to the attack on Pearl Harbor. He dealt with this in a paragraph above this passage. – JZ.12.7.13. – NATIONALISM, A KIND OF POPULATION- OR COUNTRY-WIDE NARCISSISM, SELF-IDOLIZING, “PEOPLES” OR WHOLE POPULATONS, HOWEVER DIVERSE, IDOLIZING THEMSELVES OR THEIR IMAGE OF THEMSELVES

PROTECTIONISM: However irrational it is, there is nothing wrong with it as long as it is practised only among volunteers and at their risk and expense. Only its territorial imposition upon dissenters is wrong. – JZ, 24.9.95, 31.3.08.

PROTECTIONISM: I do not want to be “protected” against cheaper or better goods from other countries. – JZ, 26.6.74, 25.2.08.

PROTECTIONISM: I heard of it, I said. It told people they couldn’t spend their own money where they liked any more.” – Robin Cook, A State of Denmark, p.159.

PROTECTIONISM: I insist that every sheltering ideology, be it Social Security, unemployment insurance, medicare, farm supports, wage and price controls, modern pyramids, teacher tenure, cartels, or whatever has precisely the same debilitating, destructive effects as the minimum wage law. All of these, without exception, harm the very people they are foolishly designed to help. At the root of these panaceas is nothing but an unwillingness to think, a failure to rise out of the primitive and up to the human level.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p. 47. – ANTI-MARKET, ANTI-ECONOMIC, ANTI-CAPITALIST, WRONGFUL & IRRATIONAL INTERVENTIONISM, COUNTRY-WIDE, BASED UPON ALL TOO POPULAR ERRORS, PREJUDICES, MYTHS, FALSE ASSUMPTIONS & CONCLUSIONS

PROTECTIONISM: If industry becomes competitively and cooperatively more productive then it does not need any protection to succeed on the world market. – JZ, 10.4.93. To any export industry the same principles and practices apply as to any other business for the internal market. They ought “to pull their socks up” or get out of business. – JZ, 18.2.08. – PRODUCTIVITY, COMPETITIVENESS, EFFICIENCY

PROTECTIONISM: If people gave up their protectionist delusions, they could have cars at half the present prices, houses at the price of cars - and this at much higher wages and pensions and lower general prices – plus all this in a peaceful – because free and just world. - JZ 13.2.84, 24.3.86. – INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, PEACE, JUSTICE FREEDOM & PROSPERITY

PROTECTIONISM: If protectionism were good then every single person should be like an island, surrounded by "protective" barriers, to maximise his "benefits". - JZ, 72.

PROTECTIONISM: If protectionism were truly beneficial then it should not only be applied to federations and their States against each other, but also to cities, villages, streets, housing complexes, families and individuals. Furthermore, if it were really beneficial, then it should be extended from mere spatial separation of all producers and consumers to their separation in time as well. For, think of all the competition provided to our labours by all the accumulated products of the past, all its tools, capital, buildings, machines, roads, communication means etc., which flood us with cheap and labour saving options and make us less fully employed than we would be without them. Perhaps we should make a bonfire of all of them, all their records, books and reference works and start from scratch again? Perhaps we should also reinvent language again, for it, too, is an efficient and labour saving tool and allows us or our customers to find competitors - against whom we should be protected? Then money, as an efficient tool to promote exchanges should perhaps also be outlawed and we would then be protected from all its supposed evils by returning to primitive barter, with goods carried on our backs, walking on primitive paths to distant markets? Or should all markets be outlawed, too, for they do promote competition to our labours? Maybe then we should start every day afresh, naked, having to reinvent and rebuilt everything, with bare hands and without references and language, i.e., with plenty of additional labour for ourselves, not exposed to any competition? Maybe we should also protect ourselves from all technical and scientific advances that might render certain of our manual labours superfluous? Perhaps we should destroy all of our surplus products of yesterday, for it would compete with those we would produce today. – Thus, finally, unlimited job opportunities, although only of the most primitive kind. Would that not be the ultimate in protectionism for each against all others and even against ourselves, as producers of yesterday? Would that not assure us ultimate “self-sufficiency” and natural independence and thus prosperity? Then the labour products and services of others and even our own, would no longer be “dumped” upon us. So we should be busy, employed, happy and prosperous! – JZ, 14.8.03, 25.10.07. – See also the email to C. B., 14.8.03. (Which I am not prepared to dig up now. – JZ, 25.10.07.) - & FREE TRADE,

PROTECTIONISM: If we could cheaply import a panacea medicine that would make us and keep us healthy until we finally die of very old age, should we then outlaw it – because it would make most doctors and nurses unemployed? (Except for e.g. accident victims.) What applies to this extreme case applies equally to all other cases of “protectionism”. – JZ, 4.4.93, 26.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: If you wish to prosper, let your customer prosper. When people have learned this lesson, everyone will seek his individual welfare in the general welfare. Then jealousies between man and man, city and city, province and province, nation and nation, will no longer trouble the world.” - Frederic Bastiat – Protectionism amounts to jealousy, envy and hate in the economic sphere and promotes anti-economic, wrongful and irrational actions. Protectionism acts against the purpose of all economics, namely to satisfy man as a consumer. He cannot get full satisfaction merely as a producer. Production without consumption would be a waste of time, energy and resources to no other purpose than being busy, doing a “job”. – JZ, 26.1.14. – JOBS, PRODUCTION & LABOR ARE NOT PURPOSES IN THEMSELVES BUT FOR CONSUMPTION, I.E. CONSUMER SATISFACTION, PROSPERITY, FREE TRADE, WEALTH, EXCHANGE, ZERO SUM GAMES, WIN-WIN GAMES

PROTECTIONISM: Imprisoned criminals are not allowed to trade freely with the public outside of their jail. The protectionists treat us like convicted prisoners serving jail sentences. – JZ, 73.

PROTECTIONISM: In Economic Sophisms, he described the sad results of such injustice: I enter one of the cottages that cling to the French side of the Pyrenees. - The head of the family receives only a slender wage for his work. His half-naked children shiver in the icy north wind; the fire is out, and there is nothing on the table. On the other side of the mountain there are wool, firewood, and corn; but these goods are forbidden to the family of the poor day-laborer, for the other side of the mountain is not in France. Foreign spruce will not gladden the cottage hearth; the shepherd’s children will not know the taste of Biscayan maslin; and wool from Navarre will never warm their numbed limbs. All this is, we are told, in the interest of the general welfare. Very well. But then it must be admitted that in this instance the general welfare is in conflict with justice. - To regulate consumers by law and limit them to the products of domestic industry is to encroach their freedom by forbidding them an action – exchange – that in itself is in no way contrary to morality; in short, it is to do them an injustice.” - Bastiat, in: G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.59.

PROTECTIONISM: In reality, it is competition which protects “infant industries”; it protects them from stagnation and persuades them to grow.” – Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.101, “Buy American”. - INFANT INDUSTRIES, PREJUDICES

PROTECTIONISM: In the long run it reduces the economic viability of the protected enterprises and industries. Statistics of the life spans and growth or decline of protected as compared with unprotected industries would be interesting. – JZ, 1.3.94.

PROTECTIONISM: In the world today we are living through a protectionist epoch of frightening proportions. It is a protectionism directed at one of the most fundamental freedoms of them all, our right to earn our own livings, peacefully and without harassment. – Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.11/12, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984. - FREE TRADE

PROTECTIONISM: Industries”, he explained, sought protection to save themselves “the trouble and annoyance of business competition and … be assured profits in their undertakings by the State, that is, at the expense of their fellow citizens.” Sumner objected to protection not simply because it encouraged the unfit to survive (*), but because it violated his principles of justice. . … Sumner called protectionism the worst … abuse, a government “license to certain interests to go out and encroach on others.” …” - J. Marshall, W. G. Sumner, JLS, Fall 79. – (*) in business, - JZ

PROTECTIONISM: It is just as necessary to the health of a dynamic economy that dying industries be allowed to die as that growing industries be allowed to grow.” – Henry Hazlitt, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 1/73.

PROTECTIONISM: It seemed clear to Bastiat that Frenchmen needed protection primarily from “protection”. Government interference in freedom of transactions was stifling the French economy. – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.40.

PROTECTIONISM: It’s obviously often cheaper to invest in legal privileges by bribery or otherwise influencing politicians ($ 90,000 per federal politician in the USA, according to radio news today) rather than invest in better production equipment, raw materials, production and marketing methods and better incentives. – JZ, 6.6.86, 26.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: Local protectionist producers treat the purchasing power of local consumers as if it were the rightful property of the local producers. – JZ, 23.9.95, 31.3.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Local wines snub. Growing imports soak up $506m of Aussie sales. How’s this for irony? Australia’s 2420 wineries can’t sell all they make yet, despite the glut, we’re importing more wine than ever. (*) – In the 12 months to the end of September, imported wine sales were worth $506 million – one sixth of sales in Australia.While the locally made wine market is flat, imports continued to grow, up from $478 million for the 12 months to September 2009.” – Jeff Collerson,, 6.12. 2010, p.37. - The simple fact is that sovereign consumers of wines do, to that extent, prefer the wines produced in other countries than Australia. Australian wineries have no exclusive right to the custom of Australian wine drinkers. They ought to be and remain in free competition with the wineries of the world. The consumers ought to be “kings”, not the producers. Australian wine producers and sellers do already have the natural advantage of lower transport costs for Australian wines. Consumption is the purpose of production, not making work and guaranteeing the sale of products. The world is one market. All “national” markets and all laws and actions on their behalf are already wrongful restrictions on a free and world-wide market. “Soaking up” is an inappropriate word, seeing the Australian wines remain unsold but un-spilled and bottled. Their price reduction could make them somewhat competitive again and at least reduce the oversupply by as many wine growers and wineries. I for one would welcome a larger and cheaper supply of bottled and unfermented wine juice and of fresh grapes. The critic ignores the rights and liberties of wine buyers and consumers. – (*) That situation is not abnormal but quite normal for a world market, to the extent that it is free. It applies e.g. to Australian cars and also to tens to hundreds of thousands of other consumer goods. It also applies to the world trade of all other countries. Free consumers like to be choosy and have the right to act in this way. All producers anywhere ought to adjust to that fact, rather than shouting for protection, at the expense of the consumers. - JZ, 16.12.10, 22.2.12. – Another aspect is that the number of grape-producers at least in the Southern Highlands of NSW, where I live, has increased enormously since I settled here back in 1960. Has the Australian population or its wine drinkers been similarly increased? I doubt this. Nevertheless, the retail price of fresh grapes remains, usually, far too high for me. – JZ, 16.1.13, 26.1.14. - OR FREE TRADE?

PROTECTIONISM: Lord Macaulay once said: “Free trade, one of the greatest blessings that government can confer (*) on a people, is in almost every country unpopular. – He was right. - Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.27, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984. – (*) stop prohibiting! – JZ.

PROTECTIONISM: Most of our civilization and culture as well as most of our wealth is due to the ideas, discoveries and work of foreigners, of present and past generations. Protectionism “protects” us from more such benefits. – JZ, 20.4.93.

PROTECTIONISM: No one, not even the most privileged and the most “protected”, can escape the cost of prohibiting the sale of honest goods at honest prices. Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.12/13, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984.

PROTECTIONISM: Now, it is not a very honorable proceeding for any government to pit its own so-called “pauper laborers” – or laborers that are on the verge of pauperism – against similar laborers in all other countries; and all for the sake of putting the principal proceeds of their labor into the pockets of a few employers. – To set two bodies of “pauper laborers” or of laborers on the verge of pauperism – to robbing each other, for the profit of their employers, is the next thing, in point of atrocity, to setting them to killing each other, as governments have heretofore been in the habit of doing, for the benefit of their rulers.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.47, in Works I. – Here, for once, he is against competition and free exchange, instead of pondering the results to be achieved by monetary and financial freedom, which he did also advocate. Paupers are either the results of ignorance and prejudices or of prior wrongful interventionism, which ought to be ended. Sufficient enlightenment and interest in improving the own affairs through self-help measures is certainly not achieved through “protectionism”. – JZ, 26.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: One should never be “protected” from goods or services that one wants to buy.” – JZ, 20.4.93, 18.2.08.

PROTECTIONISM: politicians have no right to … prevent ... people, who pay their salaries, from enjoying cheap goods.” - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/78.

PROTECTIONISM: Port, n. A place where ships taking shelter from storms are shattered by customs officers.” – Ambrose Bierce, The Enlarged Devil’s Dictionary, p.249.

PROTECTIONISM: Protect also the victimized consumers against the protectionists. – JZ, 20.9.746.11.78, 25.2.08. - I do not want to be "protected" against cheaper goods. - JZ, 74. – Those, who do want to be so protected, should form their own protectionist exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers. They should not be allowed to territorially “protect” free traders as well against their will, rights, liberties and economic interests. – JZ, 10.4.08, 26.1.14. – PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

PROTECTIONISM: Protect the producers and consumers also against the protectionists. – JZ, 6.11.78, 26.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: Protecting jobs is a bad idea. - If you protect a job you attack the consumer.” – Prof Jan Narveson, 25.7.04. - PROTECTIONISM FOR JOBS? CONSUMER PROTECTION REQUIRES FREE TRADE

PROTECTIONISM: protecting people from the free market is but a return to serfdom.” – WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, Summer 73, p.31.

PROTECTIONISM: protection … by consenting to such navigation acts as some of the northern States desired, and to such tariffs on imports – such as iron, coal, wool, woollen goods, etc., - as should enable the home producers of similar articles to make fortunes by robbing everybody else in the prices of their goods.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, Works, I, p.20.

PROTECTIONISM: Protection … is a fraud and a swindle, and you must not compromise with it a moment. - Richard Cobden, in Hobson, Richard Cobden, p.45. – Not even for a moment! – JZ, 26.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: Protection, for instance, is only in a part a problem of economics; it is also a problem of political preferences: the manufacturer who is content to face the competition of his own countrymen, objects to facing that of foreigners.” - Norman Angell, Human Nature and the Peace Problem, 1925, p.38/39. – Not only ignorant and prejudiced manufacturers but also ignorant and prejudiced trade unionists object to facing competition, from foreigners even more so than from their countrymen. – JZ, 8.10.08. – IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, IGNORANT & PREJUDICED FEAR FOR JOBS, SALES

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism - only for Protectionists! Free Trade - only for Free Traders! – JZ, n.d., in Pan AZ. - PANARCHISM

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism “protects” consumers from more and better goods at lower prices. It protects less efficient producers from the preferences of free consumers for more efficient producers and their better and cheaper goods. – JZ, 20.4.93, 18.2.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism (economic nationalism or any other name) is always harmful to the ‘protected’.” – S. E. Konkin III, in GEGENSCHEIN 33.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism amounts to armed robbery. - JZ, 76.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism attacks us as consumers, even when it pretends to protect not some monopolistic or inefficient producers but the consumers. - JZ, 6/73, 25.2.08. – It certainly does not protect all monopolistic producers, either, at least not in the long run, but gives them a false sense of security, which makes them less competitive. – JZ, 22.4.08. – Its attempts to prevent unemployment and to achieve sales reveals mainly the ignorance and prejudices of most of the population, its voters and its legislators when it comes to assure full employment and the sale of wanted goods and services, simply by replacing monetary and financial despotism by monetary and financial freedom, thus achieve the production and sale of anything that is wanted on a free market and this at market prices, wages, salaries, capital returns and other resources for required for the input and output of free production and free exchange. – JZ, 26.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism does not allow the consumer to protect himself from inferior and over-priced goods and services – by freely making other and better choices for himself. – JZ, 20.4.93, 18.2.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism for producers amounts to aggression against consumers. And since all are also consumers, protectionist policies attack all of us. They do not really protect anyone except some monopolists against competition. – JZ, 19.11.95.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism for protectionists, free trade for free traders. - JZ 24.3.86.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism in every sphere should be limited to those foolish enough to choose it for themselves and this exclusively at their own risk and expense. – JZ, 30.7.98.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism is a misnomer. Prohibitionism or punishment imposed upon innocents for the benefit of some monopolists, would be a more correct expression. Protectionism outlaws liberty in its sphere and punishes innocents while rewarding guilty people. – JZ, 20.4.93.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism is a misnomer. The only people protected by tariffs, quotas and trade restrictions are those engaged in uneconomic and wasteful activity. Free trade is the only philosophy compatible with international peace and prosperity." - Walter Block, Laissez Faire Capitalism - h/t Bastiat Institute – Facebook 28.10.13.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism is discrimination – and, often, racial discrimination at that. Our laws prohibit discrimination but our governments practise it in its most invidious form. We have an absolute right, all of us, wherever we live, to deal with each other freely, voluntarily, and peacefully. - Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.23, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984. – FREE TRADE, DISCRIMINATION,

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism is just the ancient policy of monopolism and privilege – by another name and method. Free and sufficiently informed consumers, with their own dollars, would never vote for “protected” goods and services – but only for competitively supplied ones. – JZ, 20.4.93. – But our governmentally controlled mis-education system leaves them helpless in the face of primitive slogans like: “Buy Australian” or “Made in Australia”. – JZ, 18.2.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism is only good for smugglers and monopolists. Not even the tax collectors get maximum returns from it. – JZ, 8.5.93.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism is the name of that peculiar doctrine whereby government is made superior and sovereign to our innate, inalienable human right to freedom of trade, whereby government can violate our economic rights the way it used to violate religious rights. In practice, it is now a complex apparatus of economic devices – taxes, quotas, tariffs, subsidies, regulations – that punishes (and prohibits) economic success to reward economic failure. It is a mechanism that seeks to forbid tomorrow by legislating yesterday into forever. – Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.14, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism is the peacetime equivalent of a military blockade in time of war. Governments use armies and navies to prevent their enemies from trading. Governments use protectionism to prevent their own citizens from trading. - Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.23, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984. – WAR, PEACE & FREE TRADE

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism is war, and it is one of the wretched ironies of human history that political leaders, who wage this kind of war, find themselves, sooner or later, waging the lethal kind. Abraham Lincoln, who finally freed the slaves, nevertheless had fought through his whole political life to keep high tariffs on everything coming into the United States – calamitously protecting cotton grown by slaves. Lincoln said succinctly, “I am in favor of high protective tariffs. These are my sentiments and political principles.” And: “The abandonment of protection will produce want and ruin among our people.” More Americans later died in the Civil War than in any other war that Americans have ever fought. Without the tariffs that gave a cotton monopoly to Southern plantation owners, there would have been much less slavery for Lincoln to abolish: Slavery could not have survived a single year of free trade in cotton. – Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.17/18, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984. - FREE TRADE, LINCOLN, CIVIL WAR, SLAVERY

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism pays some producers for not paying attention to the interests of the consumers, i.e. to the public. – An argument from LE LIBRE ECHANGE, 19.9.1847, p.342.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism protects inefficient producers from free and choosy customers. It destroys or diminishes competition, free contracts, and free market choices on a world-wide scale. – JZ, 20.4.93.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism quite wrongly assumes that the whole world is not really one market and that, as such, it should be as free as possible for the benefit of all its participants – monopolists excepted. – JZ, 17.3.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism ran wild over the world.” – Hans F. Sennholz, THE FREEMAN, 4/75. – Protectionism not only runs wild but is wild and, moreover, it is quite wrongful and wild-eyed nonsense to boot.– JZ, 8.12.76, 26.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism reduces the satisfactions of all consumers for the presumed or temporary benefit of a few monopolistic producers. – JZ, 20.4.93.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism rests on the cruel assumption that a certain set of politically selected people have a right to tax everyone else to maintain the life to which they have become accustomed. It is economically stupid, and morally wrong, to tax the subsistence lives of millions of families, who are just getting by on honest, modest salaries, and transfer this money to a few thousand workers in a handful of special-status companies. And for what? To guarantee comfort and ease for a big-business-big-labor alliance that demands eternal security for inferior goods, inadequate service, nice profits, and guaranteed annual raises. - Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.23/24, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984. – FREE TRADE, BIG BUSINESS, BIG LABOR, UNIONS, UNEMPLOYMENT

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism seems to presume that international trade must be carried out only through scarce and exclusive national exchange media or even rare metals or rare metal certificates. When spending these in other countries, in payment for imports, then there would be no certainty that these exchange media would fully or soon enough return to the country that had issued them, in payment for its exports, directly, or indirectly through other countries. Gold coins or bullion or foreign exchange, that is somewhat less inflated that the own forced and exclusive paper currency, and the own legal tender currency, that had been used to pay for imports, may not automatically, fully or soon return to pay for a country’s exports. They might be hoarded, under present conditions, either privately or in the central bank of the country that had exported to us. This central bank might still use our paper money as a supposedly required currency reserve for its own currency. And this foreign country might impose import restrictions upon our exports, which would be a hindrance to the utilisation of our means of payment, thus hoarded by it. One effect of the non-return of these means of payments for our imports would be a corresponding deflation in our country that had imported but not correspondingly exported. (The normal internal products plus the imports would then be confronted by a reduced volume of the internal currency.) The own central bank might not be able or willing to make up this money shortage. - The foreign central bank might do this irrational and quite unnecessary hoarding of our currency repeatedly, calling it: accumulating foreign exchange reserves. The Japanese government, for many years, has held on to many of the earnings from its exports, thus creating, under monetary despotism, difficulties for the countries importing from Japan. If that process could go on indefinitely, then the importing country might, theoretically, run out of its central bank exchange media altogether. It would be reduced to barter, not only for its external trade but also for its internal trade, as long as monetary freedom remained suppressed. Luckily, this threat is never fully but only partly realized. But these part-deflations are already damaging, sometimes out of proportion to the figures involved. (Deflations, under monetary despotism, tend to increase automatically, due to the effect of FALLING prices, which discourage buying.) - These and other difficulties of monetary and financial despotism, combined with protectionism and foreign exchange controls and foreign exchange accumulations as "covers" and "reserves", could be avoided by freedom to issue and accept goods-warrants and service-vouchers and clearing certificates in money denominations, all of which have only a limited circulation period and are redeemable only in goods, services and labour, although they might use e.g. gold weight units as their value standards. Then the goods, services and labour should also be measured in such a value standard. – International debts could also be measured and paid in this way, i.e. under sound value reckoning. Actual payments would done only in such certificates, or account transfers, not in the metal of the value standard, unless the debtors are able and willing to do so and the creditors are prepared to accept such payments. Free choice of value standards, exchange media, and clearing and credit avenues would prevail under full monetary and financial freedom. The time limits on such certificates or credit accounts for clearing purposes only, would see to it that they are not hoarded to excess in foreign countries, especially by their central banks, but are used, instead, within the period of their validity, to pay for our exports. To the extent that these payment avenues could and would be freely used, imports and exports would thus become obviously balanced. Thus no motive would remain to restrict the use of such means of payment - There might be still special lobby groups in foreign countries, demanding particular favours, i.e. the exclusion of foreign competition (our competition) to what they have to offer for sale. A wise government, banking and clearing system would see to it that such industries and businessmen, when they are exporting to us, are largely or exclusively paid in our goods and clearing warrants, so that their self-interest would finally tend to overcome their protectionist and monopolistic aspirations. When they are paid largely in Australian clearing certificates, then they would not want to have these depreciated by protectionist measures against Australian exports. They would then have the proper pocketbook appeal. - The sums we would spent in other countries, for our imports, paying for them in clearing certificates (redeemable only in Australian goods and services) would then inevitably return to us soon, in payment for our exports. The only alternative would be that foreign exporters would not utilise these clearing certificates at all, directly or indirectly, to import from Australia. Instead, they might persuade their government to purchase them and keep them, until they become invalid, at the expense of their taxpayers. Australia would then have imported valuables and given only scraps of printed paper for it, that would become valueless to the holder after a short period. To that extent Australia would have received a free gift of goods and services from a foreign country. The foreign country would have exported to Australia and would have got nothing in return. It would have granted us an interest free loan for an indefinite period! The Australian protectionists would have their “reasons” to complain. Australians consumers, satisfied by the so acquired foreign goods, would not complain. Australians could go on issuing their international clearing certificates, even upon the same goods that were formerly offered for the now forfeited clearing or goods certificates used for the former imports. In the extreme case, if the other countries were foolish enough to continue this policy indefinitely, Australians could stop working altogether - apart from printing their clearing certificates which the others would be foolish never to return to them in payments - while Australians would import all their goods and services. Alas, the foreign protectionists will never be as foolish for very long. So that kind of holiday and effortless income for Australians would sooner or later be ended. But the extreme and merely thought-up example shows the absurdity that is inherent in protectionist policies, especially the spleen of "export at any price", even if the price obtained is zero and the own taxpayers are forced to provide gifts, in form of unpaid-for exports, to foreign countries (since the means of payment offered for them are accepted but not used for imports from them by us). - If, instead, not only bilaterally but multilaterally, clearing certificates would be used in all international trades, all redeemable soon but redeemable only in the goods and services of the country (or its traders) that issued them, then the balances of trade and payments would not be disturbed at all by these transactions. On the contrary, these exchanges could then be multiplied up to the limits of any country's ability to satisfy the demands of foreign countries demand for its goods and services. Foreign trade might increase tenfold or hundred-fold under these conditions, requiring the issue and reflux of correspondingly more international clearing certificates (or account credits) of this kind. But, at the same time, any sound value standard used, to measure the value of these transactions, would not, thereby, be depreciated. The issue and the reflux of such clearing certificates would remain in balance. Their kind of issue and their nature would assure their return. They would not become "lost sheep" or "lost sons", except in the rare instances when such certificates might actually be lost or destroyed. To the extent that this could be proven by their former holders, they could then be replaced. - What applies to international trade could also be applied to the issue and reflux of local currencies, down to that of individual shop issuers and the issuers of the shops in a street (“street money” was once common in China), or would apply to the money of a local shopping centre, that has become a local currency. Their free issue and automatic and rapid return could be similarly assured. There would not occur the kind of deflation that tends to hit e.g., rural centres, when many of its inhabitants buy in the cities and less city people tend to purchase in the rural centres or their purchases in rural centres do not make up for the purchases of country people in cities. That is one of the many disadvantages of centralised note issue, which can only be overcome by decentralized note issue. Alas, those complaining about rural crises do usually neither consider the alternative internal nor the alternative external payment and clearing options but, rather, leave them to the ignorance, prejudice, vested interest and incompetence of the advocates and practitioners of central banking. Goods and service vouchers and clearing certificates with a short life span or circulation period, but with a sound value standard, would not be hoarded but would stream back to the issuers in payments, within the period of their validity. They would serve obviously as means of exchange or clearing and would promote turnovers, especially local sales, to the extent that they are spent in payments, anywhere. If they suffered a discount in the process, anywhere, in any sector of an economy, they would be returned to the issuer, at par, all the sooner. No shortage of such media could ever arise nor any general oversupply. (No more so than a shortage of tickets for wanted performances, up to the number of seats available. – JZ, 26.1.14.) They would be price regulated according to supply and demand. They would do justice to creditors and debtors alike - otherwise they would not be voluntarily and readily accepted at all, no more so than e.g. monopoly game money would be. - When medium and long-term loans are needed, then these shop currencies etc. could be saved and utilised for the purchase of the corresponding securities or fixed deposits. Once these become due, then they could be paid out in the then current local goods warrants and clearing certificates. For internal and external trade all the ready for sale goods, services and labour power could thus be fully monetised, independent of the theories and practices all too common for despotic central banking systems. - J. Z., 17.12.92, 29.4.97, 10.4.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism weakens rather than strengthens protected industries – by diminishing their improvement incentives, which are fully existing only under quite free competition. Protected industries are already inferior to non-protected industries and become less and less able to efficiently compete on the world market. – JZ, 20.4.93, 18.2.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism, the ism which teaches that Waste Makes Wealth.” – W. G. Sumner, The Forgotten Man.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionism, too, amounts to armed robbery. – JZ, 9.12.76.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionist barriers and levies around nation States are no more rightful and sensible than they would be around provinces, cities, towns, villages, streets, factories, shops, houses or individuals. – As long as Protectionists believe that they need them for themselves, let them surround themselves by them, i.e., with such barriers against their own free exchanges, at their own cost and risk. Protectionism for Protectionists only. Free Trade for Free Traders only! – The so-called “duty-free” shops and “industrial development zones” with reduced taxation and regulation, do supply small but not yet ideal instances. – JZ, 20.4.93, 18.2.08. – In predominantly free trade countries let them establish their protectionist shops, industries and industrial zones. – JZ, 10.4.08. – For me they would be only deterrent examples, like flagellants and other self-mutilators or people who, wilfully, impoverish themselves or waste their creative and productive energies and other resources which they own, like many wasteful heirs do, and people who drug their bodies and minds, diminishing their physical and mental capacities, while imagining that they would thus increase them. – JZ, 27.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionists on both sides believe that when you run yourself your own blockades against yourself, then you would be better off. At least in times of war the costs of establishing and upholding a blockade are born by the enemy. – JZ, 7.7.87, 31.3.08. – That is not correct: In war, too, such efforts are costly and harmful to both sides. And great quantities of goods and many lives are destroyed in the process. – JZ, 14.4.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Protectionists, between them, are engaged in a kind of economic war against all consumers, and, thereby, also against themselves. By impoverishing their potential customers they do not even benefit themselves. – JZ, 14.6.86. – However, as protected monopolists they can gain some unearned income at the expense of the rest of the population of a “protected” country. They enrich themselves by impoverishing others, in their country, selling them over-priced monopoly goods and services in the absence of free competition from outsiders, which is legally suppressed by them. They also reduce the prosperity of foreigners, who would have profited from exporting their goods and services to the “protected” country for the benefit of that country’s population. – JZ, 27.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: Protective trade policies divert production from where it can best take advantage of natural conditions, and thus reduce the abundance produced by economic activity and depress the standard of living of the masses.” – Mises, The Clash of Group Interests and Other Essays, p.24.

PROTECTIONISM: removing all the legislative barriers that reduce or stop our wages (imports) from reaching us.” - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/78.

PROTECTIONISM: Shallow politicians have … acted on the shop-keeping maxim that what one nation gains by commerce, some other loses. The fact is otherwise; each gets its wants supplied and both are gainers.” – Thomas Cooper, who died in 1839, quoted in THE FREEMAN, March 71, and GOOD GOVERNMENT, Feb. 73. – FREE TRADE, WIN-WIN VS. ZERO SUM GAMES

PROTECTIONISM: Some of the protected industries, particularly some firms, may not be much good at competing in the market place or making good, reliable products, but they are expert at twisting Government’s arms to prevent effective competition.” – David Trebeck, BURNIE ADVOCATE, 14.3.79. – Free trade or free exchange, free competition and free markets in every sphere, not only in international trading, are in everybody’s rational interest, not only in the interest of a few legalized monopolists. – JZ, 27.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: Suppression of the social evil of coercion – rape, taxation, murder, conscription, fraud – is neglected in favor of delivering control of industry into the hands of incompetent and money into the hands of bums.” – ISFSC leaftlet: The Road to Freedom. – CRIME, WELFARE STATE

PROTECTIONISM: Tariff is an instrument for the benefit of those who manufacture, to be used against those who buy.” – Will Rogers. - Producers usually believe that they benefit. But since they are consumers, too, they also suffer from tariffs. – JZ, 29.7.92. – That such stupidities could be continued for centuries does not speak for knowledge and wisdom of rulers, legislators and voters. – JZ, 31.3.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Tariff: A scale of taxes on imports, designed to protect the domestic producer against the greed of his consumer.” – Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary.

PROTECTIONISM: Tariffs and quotas are part of a protection racket by which rural Australia is bled dry to support the featherbedded hot houses in the south. They do not protect jobs. They protect some jobs at the expense of others.” – Viv Forbes, in 1977 talk: Mine your own business, p.5 in the transcript. – JOBS, EMPLOYMENT, TARIFFS, QUOTAS, PROTECTION RACKETS

PROTECTIONISM: Tariffs are hidden taxes collected by governments on cheap (*) imported goods. The citizen pays a hidden tax on his imported car of some $ 2000 to raise its price and so favor the inefficient local car manufacturing industry. That $ 2000 would be better left in the hands of the citizen for investment in efficient local industry, so creating jobs, goods and services. (**) - LIBERTARIAN OPTIMISM, April 85. - (*) Not only on cheap goods, also, e.g., on quality and luxury goods. – JZ, 25.2.08. - (**) Or to import more, so that foreigners are thereby enabled to import more from us, at a fallen exchange rate for us. – The more we would import, the more our exchange rate would fall and the more profitable it would be for foreigners to buy our exports, using our currency, with which we bought from them, as a for them cheap currency, to buy our exports with. The balance of trade and payment is then achieved without any intervention by any politician or bureaucrat – under full freedom. – JZ, 25.2.08. - FREELY FLOATING EXCHANGE RATES

PROTECTIONISM: Tariffs, quotas and other import restrictions protect the business of the rich at the expense of high cost of living for the poor. Their intent is to deprive you of the right to choose, and to force you to buy the high-priced inferior products of politically favored companies.” – Alan Burris, "A Liberty Primer." –A legalized and systematic impoverishment for most people in a country via tariffs, quotas and foreign exchange controls, but under the false pretence of the thus privileged few and their delusion of the wronged and harmed many that all of them would really be protected thereby, instead of merely the few uncompetitive producers, who are protected by it against more efficient foreign competitors. – The term itself is already its main lie. - JZ, 27.1.14. - VS. FREE TRADE

PROTECTIONISM: The age of compulsive and compulsory protectionism is upon us, and another name for this is socialism. It is not insurance.” – Paul L. Poirot, THE FREEMAN, 5/73. – It is not protection, either, but monopolism or wrongful privilege of a few at the expense of the many. - JZ, 27.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: The American War of Independence was itself a “trade war”. Charles Townshend, Chancellor of the Exchequer under William Pitt the Elder, introduced the colonial tariffs on tea, lead, glass, paint and paper that led to the revolution. – Neil Reynolds, The Protection Racket, p.18, in: Vincent H. Miller, editor, Freedom In Our Time. A collection of Libertarian Essays, Libertarian International, 1984. – The USA Civil War, apart from the wrongness of slavery in the South, was a war between Free Traders and decentralists in the South and Protectionists and centralizers in the North. – Lincoln, the federal power addict, did not wish to see his power diminished. - JZ, 27.1.14. – FREE TRADE

PROTECTIONISM: the argument for “protection” is really an argument for robbing foreign laborers – as poor as our own – of their equal and rightful chances in our markets; and also for robbing all the home consumers of the protected article – the poor as well as the rich – in the prices they are made to pay for it. And all this is done at the instigation, and principally for the benefit, of the employers of home labor, and not for the benefit of the home laborers themselves.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.44, in Works I.

PROTECTIONISM: The bars against trade imprison all of us.” – Joan Marie Leonard, THE FREEMAN, 3/77.

PROTECTIONISM: The basic proposition of all protectionists is: Make people richer by making them poorer. – Those, who successfully sell this tall story, may, indeed, enrich themselves – at the expense of all others. The others have nothing to win and much to lose from it. – JZ, 3.3.78.

PROTECTIONISM: The best about protectionism is its name. It protects its wrongs, absurdities, monopolism and coercion while it wrongs and harms almost everybody, and gives them the delusion that they are being "protected". - JZ, 11.5.02.

PROTECTIONISM: the common protectionist folly – safeguarding by restrictive arrangements the passing interests of the few at the expense of the permanent interests of the many.” – Sir Ernest Benn, This Soft Age, p.113.

PROTECTIONISM: The consistent ideal of the protectionists would be an existence like that of Robinson Crusoe. He knew it – and wanted to be rescued from it. – JZ, 1972.

PROTECTIONISM: The encouragement of home industry by limiting or excluding competitive importations has been standard procedure with the State since time immemorial. The foreigner’s wares are kept out of the home market not because he insists in offering them, but because the home market demands them. A country imports only what it wants. Hence, the tariff has the effect of restraining the primordial urge of the human being – to satisfy his desires with the least effort, at the lowest cost. It makes for scarcity, the very condition that man instinctively seeks to avoid. This is not only a result of the tariff, it is the purpose of the tariff. It is admittedly a scarcity-producing device, and as such it is antisocial. This is emphasized by the ready market which the smuggler, who always follows in the wake of a tariff, enjoys.” – Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.127/128.

PROTECTIONISM: The government “protects” us from cheap or better goods! – JZ, 10/72. – While it protects those, who merely supply us, monopolistically, with more expensive or inferior goods. – JZ, 27.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: The government’s kind of protection was taking money from most Americans and giving it to the factory-owners, thus making their customers poorer and reducing he market for factory products. Believe it or not, this is what the factory-owners wanted, and they got it and kept it, by buying Daniel Webster and assorted lots of cheaper Congressmen both northern and southern.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.63/64.

PROTECTIONISM: The infant industries of Australia are suffering from hardening of the arteries.” – Chuck, 9.12.72.

PROTECTIONISM: the more effective producer … the strongest possible ally of the consumer.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.219.

PROTECTIONISM: The national producer doesn’t own the national consumer and has thus no right to command or force him by legislation to buy his goods or services. – JZ, 1973.

PROTECTIONISM: The pauper laborers (if there are any such) of other countries have just as good a right to live by their labor, and have an equal chance in our own markets, and in all the markets of the world, as have the pauper laborers, or any other laborers, in our own country.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.45, in Works I.

PROTECTIONISM: The policies of the modern protectionists amount to: "Let's improve international transport facilities - and then cut down on the goods and persons using them.” - JZ, 72.

PROTECTIONISM: The primary reason for a tariff is that it enables the exploitation of the domestic consumer by a process indistinguishable from sheer robbery." - Albert Jay Nock

PROTECTIONISM: the principle of levying a tax to provide a "civil list" for certain privileged classes. - Richard Cobden, in Hobson, Richard Cobden, p.45.

PROTECTIONISM: The protectionists have never learned that curtailment of imports inevitably hampers exports. Even if foreign countries do not immediately retaliate for trade restrictions injuring them, their foreign purchases are circumscribed by their ability to sell abroad. (*) This is why the Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act, which closed our borders to foreign products, also closed foreign markets to our products. American experts fell from $ 5.5 billion in 1929 to $ 1.7 billion in 1932. American agriculture customarily had exported over 20 per cent of its wheat, 55 per cent of its cotton, 40 per cent of its tobacco and lard, and many other products. When international trade and commerce were disrupted, American farming collapsed. In fact, the rapidly growing trade restrictions, including tariffs, quotas, foreign exchange controls, and other devices, were generating a world-wide depression. - Agricultural commodity prices, which had been well about the 1926 base before the crisis, dropped to a low of 47 in the summer of 1932. Such prices as $ 2.50 a hundredweight for hogs, $ 3.28 for beef cattle, and 32 c a bushel for wheat, plunged hundreds of thousands of farmers into bankruptcy. Farm mortgages were foreclosed until various states passed moratoria laws, thus shifting the bankruptcy to countless creditors.” – Hans F. Sennholz, THE FREEMAN, 4/75. - (*) Not only do our exports pay for our imports (through foreign currencies earned), but our payments for our imports, when paid with for with our own currency, do also pay for our exports, when these, our own means of payment, are returned to us in payments for our exports. - Legislators, who do not even grasp this simple reality, and do quite seriously act and enact contrary to it, do thereby disqualify themselves as legislators. If we replaced them by other people, those with an IQ below 100 or with serious lack of judgment, or even by the inmates of mental asylums, then these “representatives” of madness, ignorance, foolishness, and prejudices could hardly do worse, not only in that sphere. Among other things, they do now “protect” us with MAD: Mutual Assured Destruction “policies”! – What more proofs are needed to judge them as being totally incompetent? – 17.3.08. - Underlining by me. – JZ - IMPORTS, EXPORTS, DEPRESSION OF THE 1930’s. – REPRESENTATIVES, LEGISLATORS, POLITICIANS, IGNORANCE, PREJDUCICES, POPULAR ERRORS

PROTECTIONISM: The protective-tariff system is simply an elaborate system by which certain interests inside of a country get control of legislation in order to tax their fellow-citizens for their own benefit …” - W. G. Sumner, Folkways, 1959, p.170/71, quoted in JLS, Fall 79.

PROTECTIONISM: The repeal or reduction of protection would stop or reduce inflation. - Popular opinion among free traders. - While it would reduce the price level to a considerable degree, it would have no effect upon the continuously running note printing presses for forced and exclusive paper money and its effect upon prices. Changes on the goods supply side do not nullify changes on the money side. Free Trade would reduce the price level once, in a natural and economic way. Inflation raises it artificially and continuously, so that the high price level formerly experienced through protectionism would soon be exceeded through inflated prices. - JZ, n.d., & 3.4.97. –  & INFLATION

PROTECTIONISM: The slogan, “Buy what the fatherland produces; produce what the fatherland needs”, has not been and cannot be of any avail at all, because whoever is in want of a commodity buys it however and wherever he finds it. (*)This, indeed, is the very essence of man’s innate faculty of economic judgment and choice. On the other hand, for a country to produce what it needs, natural conditions have to be favorable, and there must be a sufficient demand to make production profitable, for no one will undertake to produce a commodity, no matter how much the country may need it, that economic calculation shows to be unprofitable and incapable of competing on the world market. - Faustino Ballvé, Essentials of Economics, 1956 in Mexico, from the English edition, D. Van NostrandCompany Inc., 1963, FEE edition, undated, p.75. -  (*) At the wanted quality, quantity and price! – JZ, 17.8.13. - BUY & SPEND LOCALLY, BUY AUTRALIAN, BUY AMERICAN, BUY GERMAN GOODS & SERVICES? ECONOMIC OR ANTI-ECONOMIC NATIONALISM, RESTRICTIONISM, INSTEAD OF FREE EXCHANGES, WORLDWIDE

PROTECTIONISM: The strongest argument that protectionism has got going for it is its name. If it were called a monopoly, a tax, a restriction, a prohibition or exploitation system – which would be much more truthful, it would not be as popular as it is among the ignorant and foolish. – JZ, 7.5.93, 18.2.08.

PROTECTIONISM: The subsidizing of the few at the cost of the many.” – John M. Robertson, Trade and Tariffs, London, 1908, p.247. – SUBSIDIES, MONOPOLIES, PRIVILEGES, PROHIBITIONS, TAXATION, TARIFFS

PROTECTIONISM: The supposed benefits of protectionism should become free market choices of individual consumers and producers, who ought to bear also all their costs and troubles. – JZ, 20.4.93. – A change that would be very profitable for them. However Protectionists should remain free to impose all the wrongs and harms of protectionism – upon themselves, in their own panarchies. – JZ, 21.3.09. – PROTECTIONISM ONLY FOR PROTECTIONISTS & FREE TRADE ONLY FOR FREE TRADERS!

PROTECTIONISM: The ultimate result of shielding men from the effects of folly is to fill the world with fools.” – Herbert Spencer (1891) - FOOLS, FOLLIES - Actually, there is not protection against the harmful effects of the folly of protectionism except the introduction of Free Trade. - JZ, 17.2.11.

PROTECTIONISM: The welter of protectionist arrangements in the West is above all morally questionable. It is unjust to stop innocent people from engaging in mutually beneficial exchange; it is unjust to stop them from escaping unnecessary poverty. If American presidents, European prime ministers, and others truly want to give a human face to the global economy, they should – right away – abolish all duties and quotas affecting trade with the world’s poorest countries.” - Thomas Larsson, The Race to the Top, The Real Story of Globalization, Cato Institute, 2001, p.66. - AGAINST FREE TRADE, GLOBALIZATION

PROTECTIONISM: The World should be our free market as we should be one of the free markets for the world. Monetary freedom would help to realize and maintain that condition. – JZ, 20.4.93. – E.g., the free use of international clearing certificates, redeemable in our country’s exports of goods and services to the world, and used, first, to pay for all our imports, would, upon their return to pay for our exports, automatically and obviously bring a balance to our external trade, with all others of our international trading partners. – JZ, 18.2.08. – INTERNATIONAL CLEARING CERTIFICATES, AS ADVOCATED BY PROF EDGARD MILHAUD, FOR ALL INTERNATIONAL PAYMENTS. I have reproduced all of his writings and publications that I could get hold of in my PEACE PLANS series, also the Ulrich von Beckerath writings that relate to them, e.g. in PP 9-11, 347/48 & 665. – PP 299, 360, 372, 658, 665, 744/45, 769, 770, 973, 1455. – One cannot reason with protectionists, no more so than with religious believers – but one could and should secede from them. – JZ, 27.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: There are supposed to exist unbeatable competitors in international trade, who would come to totally dominate it. – A popular prejudice, which does not comprehend free international trade and free international payments at all. The supposedly unbeatable competitor couldn’t compete – because there would be no one able to compete with him. Thus he would be confined to internal exchanges. Then, as far as the production and exchange of all the others is concerned, among themselves, he might as well not exist. – Others could pay him only with all their gold, all their silver, if he accepted them, then all their property. Alternatively, only with assignments upon their own products and services – properly discounted via a corresponding foreign exchange rate, so that not only their higher production costs but also the transport costs involved would be offset. That might lead to losses on exports, not recovering their costs, or to very low returns to labor and capital for the country trying to export to a country that could produce everything cheaper for itself. Thus exports would cease. And the less developed countries could only produce for themselves and sell out their remaining capital assets to gain some goods and services from the very productive country. – But in reality the people in underdeveloped countries still have some comparative advantages, and be it only their low wage levels. And, under full freedom, they could develop very fast, without taxes and without inflation. Let individual traders and their customers decide which trades are profitable to them and their customers, instead of politicians and bureaucrats and other ignorant and prejudiced or privileged protectionists. - JZ, 14.6.91, 15.2.08, 10.4.08. 27.1.14. - FREE TRADE, JAPAN, CHINA

PROTECTIONISM: This policy of excluding foreign commodities from our markets, is a game that all other governments can play at, as well as our own. And if it is the duty of our government to “protect” our laborers against the competition of “the pauper labor”, so-called, of all other countries, it is equally the duty of every other government to “protect” its laborers against the competition of the so-called “pauper labor” of all other countries. So that, according to this theory, each nation must either shut out entirely from its markets the products of all other countries; or, at least, lay such heavy duties upon them, as well, in some measure, “protect” its own laborers from the competition of the “pauper labor” of all other countries. … instead of permitting all mankind to supply each other’s wants, by freely exchanging their respective products with each other, …” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.46, in Works I. – Under freely floating exchange rates the balance of payments would be automatically achieved. But our rulers and legislators are still 200 to 300 years behind in their “economics”. – Without graphical and electronic “argument mapping” clearly showing up all such absurdities, the same impoverishing nonsense might go on for another few centuries. Lectures, quotes, slogans, arguments, facts and consecutive texts presentations, in leaflets, pamphlets, books and research papers are, apparently, not persuasive enough to change public opinion. Let the free traders secede from the protectionists or the protectionists from the free traders, always only on a voluntary basis and without a territorial monopoly claim. The subsequent free competition between protectionists and free traders would soon show which of them benefits most from their system. – I would place all my bets on the Free Traders, provided only, that they do also adopt full monetary and financial freedom, instead of continuing with the wrongs and irrationalities of monetary and financial despotism. - JZ, 17.3.08.

PROTECTIONISM: To forbid our own people to buy in the best markets, is equivalent to forbidding them to sell the products of their own labor in the best markets; for they can buy the products of foreign labor only by giving the products of their own labor in exchange. Therefore, to deny our right to buy in foreign markets, is to forbid us to sell in foreign markets. And this is a plain violation of men’s natural rights.” - Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.45, in Works I.

PROTECTIONISM: trade is an economic affair, but “protection” is political; it is both non-economic and uneconomic.” – W. A. Dowe, GOOD GOVERNMENT, 2/80. It is also fundamentally wrong, to the extent that the “Protectionists” do coercively “protect” also the Free Traders, without giving them the chance to opt out from under their territorial protectionist “policy” and its supposed and asserted “benefits”. – JZ, 27.1.14. –ANTI-ECONOMICS, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICS UPHOLDING ECONOMIC NONSENSE & WRONGS LIKE FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROLS, TARIFFS, CUSTOM DUITES, GOVERNMENT MEDDLING & INTERFERENCE, IGNORANCE, POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES VS. FREE TRADE, ECONOMICS, SECESSIONISM, OPTING OUT, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, FREE MARKETS, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, FREEDOM OF EXCHANGE, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & PRODUCER SOVEREIGNTY, FREEDOM IN EXPORTS & IMPORTS

PROTECTIONISM: Tyler also brought up the interesting and important point that, in the long run, even manufacturers would not benefit from the subsidy, since competition would flow into the protected industries until their rates of profit were no higher than in any other industry.” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Panic of 1818, p.176.

PROTECTIONISM: We are all consumers.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.218. – Not the kind of producers, who want to be protected from the preference of home consumers. – JZ, 25.2.08. - Alas, all too many are ready to repeat this kind of stupidity and wrong and this over and over again, with legal backing, ignoring all the counter arguments and facts against their beliefs. - JZ, 17.2.11, 27.1.14.

PROTECTIONISM: We are being protected out of existence.” – A. Egmont Hake & O. E. Wesslau, Free Trade in Capital, 1890, 432 pages, p.223ff. In PEACE PLANS No. 656. – If we were “protected” from all imports then we would be “protected” out of all export possibilities as well. To that extent this statement is not an exaggeration. Imports, through their means of payment, received by the foreigners, provided we use our own currency, pay for our exports, just like the returns from our exports pay for our imports. – JZ, 22.2.08, 17.2.11. – FREE TRADE, TARIFFS, CUSTOM DUTIES, INTERNATIONAL TRADE BARRIES, BALANCE OF TRADE & PAYMENTS UNDER FULL MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

PROTECTIONISM: We need armed protection against our “own” protectionists, to keep them in check, i.e., to confine their protection to their own trading among themselves. Only voluntary and competing governments and free societies and their volunteer militias for the protection of individual rights and liberties could provide us with that kind of service. Free Trade for Free Traders! Protectionism for Protectionists only! – To each his own, the basic principle of justice. – JZ, 20.4.93, 18.2.08. – MILITIA TO PROTECT INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, HERE ESPECIALLY FREE TRADERS & FULL MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

PROTECTIONISM: We need protection against the Protectionists. The best one would be free choice, i.e., including boycotts, i.e., freedom to refuse to buy from them, until they allow us to buy competitive goods at competitive prices and services from all other countries. – JZ, 20.4.93, 18.2.08.

PROTECTIONISM: What article in the tariff law protects the poor?” – Bastiat. – Q., POVERTY

PROTECTIONISM: What generates war is the economic philosophy of nationalism: embargoes, trade and foreign exchange controls, monetary devaluation, etc. The philosophy of protectionism is a philosophy of war.” - Ludwig von Mises - FREE TRADE, WAR, NATIONALISM, EMBARGOS, MONETARY DESPOTISM, TARIFFS, CUSTOM DUTIES, DEVALUATIONS

PROTECTIONISM: What is wrong with a tariff or an import quota? It denies to the individual consumer his right to buy what he wishes from whomever he wishes.” – “The Incredible Bread Machine”, p.153/54. – And to the producers the right to sell wherever they want to sell their products to in the world. – JZ, 17.3.08. – CONSUMERS, PRODUCERS, FREE TRADE, RIGHTS

PROTECTIONISM: What protectionism teaches us, is to do to ourselves in time of peace what enemies seek to do to us in time of war.” - - Henry George

PROTECTIONISM: When goods do not cross frontiers, armies will.”  said Frederic Bastiat. - Protectionism is one factor which preserves large national territories as nuclear targets. Free trade between countries, on the other hand tends to gradually eliminate animosity between them and turn the world into a single peaceful market, a situation, which the economically illiterate now attack as "globalization". - Let Free Traders opt out and do their things among themselves and let protectionists alone suffer the costs and other disadvantages of their beloved "protectionism". Then, most likely, this “protection” would soon be voluntarily and individually discarded by all or at least the vast majority. Even today protectionists do smuggle, given the chance, and a large enough price differential. - I for one would favour refusing to deal with them - unless they become members of a free trade association and declare themselves publicly in favour of free trade. They should come to suffer the full consequences of their beliefs and systems. - However, if we go on with territorial and collective decision making, and the suppression of freedom of choice in this sphere, then ignorance, prejudices and myths will continue to prevail, perhaps for further centuries. - ECONOMIC FREEDOM, FREE MIGRATION, FREE TRADE, MARKET, MONOPOLIES, SECESSION, WAR. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on

PROTECTIONISM: When the burning of witches was stopped should the wood-supplier for the stakes have been protected so that they would not lose such magnificent sales? When the Inquisition was ended, should other torture jobs have been supplied to those who thus lost their jobs? Or should the victims of the torturers have complained that thus their souls would no longer be saved? Or should both reforms have altogether have been prevented in favour of the job holders involved? When a war comes to an end, should the arms manufacturers be furthermore supported to keep up their output and jobs? When the binding of the girl’s feet in China was stopped, should the old women have protested and demanded that their binding jobs should be continued? Should those involved in genital mutilation on young females, largely in Africa, be protected in their jobs, to continue them indefinitely? When the castrati-singer practice was discontinued, should the castrators and the castrati candidates, or their parents, have protested, that they were thus deprived of their job opportunities? It happened actually in Prussia that some of the freed serfs complained and demonstrated about the loss of their secure jobs! – To me it seems that the absurdities of the notions of protectionists know almost no limits. They are right only in one thing: Under monetary despotism it is difficult to sell one’s goods, labour and service for the monopoly money. But, instead of attacking the money issue monopoly and the value standard monopoly and realizing full monetary freedom, the producers, labourers and service providers rather demand protection and subsidies. – JZ, 18.2.08.

PROTECTIONISM: Whenever a third party coercively intervenes between a willing buyer and a willing seller then both, the buyer and the seller do suffer. To call that process protection is absurd and adds insult to injury. What it amounts to is the protection of privileges and monopolies. – JZ, 20.4.93.

PROTECTIONISM: While tariffs foster the impression that government is protecting workers in a particular industry, the long-term effect is not only an increase in prices but a decrease in employment. Since tariffs force people to pay higher prices, people have less to spend on other goods and services, which results in less employment in the industries that produce such goods and services. The hidden reality is that the job protected by a government tariff is at the expense of a worker in another industry.” – Robert J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.186/87.

PROTECTIONISM: Who does 'government protection" protect?” - Richard Boddie's Sound Bites. - Often only a few thousand people with special interests, directed against dozens to hundreds of millions of their countrymen - as consumers. - JZ, 29.1.02. – Whom? -  JZ. - Q., SPECIAL INTERESTS, LOBBIES

PROTECTIONISM: Will might have added that big business had for years been on a ‘dole’ in the form of protective tariffs.” – Donald Day, Will Rogers, p.303. – BUSINESSMEN, CUSTOM DUTIES, TARIFFS, PRODUCERS, BIG BUSINESS, A DOLE FOR MANY OF THE RICH PRODUCERS, AT THE EXPENSE OF THEIR CUSTOMERS

PROTECTIONISM: You could grow bananas at the South Pole if you could get a big enough tariff protection.” – M.C.R. Cameron, M.P., 15.8.64. – In this extreme example everybody recognizes the absurdity of the protection-system. In the normal cases it is absurd, too, only to a lesser and less obvious degree. – JZ, n.d. & 25.2.08. – ITS ABSURDITY, NOT ONLY ITS WRONGNESS & HARMFULNESS

PROTECTIONISM: You see, a lot of manufacturing establishments try to cover up their own business ability (*) by having the government protect them against somebody that handles their business better than they do.” – Will Rogers. – “Protectionism” is actually directed against the free choice of consumers as the judges and juries of producers. – JZ, 29.7.92. – (*) inability or inefficiency! – JZ, n.d., 17.2.11. – Free trade, externally and internally - in a single and world-wide free market is the only quite rightful and rational trade. – JZ, 27.1.14. - CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, FREE PRICING IN A FREE MARKET, WORLD-WIDE

PROTECTIVE AGENCIES: above all, in voluntary protective associations of every form and kind, …” - Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p.188. - Territorial governments do wrongfully assert that their territorially monopolistic "protection rackets" could and would provide better and genuine protection than competing protection agencies could. They save themselves the trouble of providing any evidence for this belief. - JZ, 17.2.11. – VOLUNTARISM, COMPETITION, PANARCHISM, EXTERITORIAL AUTONOMY, POLICE MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS

PROTECTIVE AGENCIES: If they had a legitimate service to sell, they could create a protective agency and sell their services. Just like anyone else in business. In short, they’d be businessmen, selling protection as a service, to those who believe they ought to have it. They’d probably made a lot of money if they did that.” – Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.189. - POLICE MONOPOLY VS. COMPETITIVE PROTECTIVE SERVICES, PANARCHISM

PROTECTIVE AGENCIES: Tucker argued that individuals might voluntarily join together in forming private protective associations for one limited purpose or another. But in each instance these functions should remain limited and private in structure rather than being given the form of permanent public organizations …” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.164. – As long as they claim no territorial monopoly and compulsory membership for themselves, why should not voluntary members transfer as many functions as they like to their kind of management? – JZ, 17.3.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, MONOPOLISM & COERCIVE COLLECTIVISM

PROTECTORATE: An arrangement by which a strong country agrees to protect a weak country from all tyranny. Except from the strong country itself.” – Anon. – COLONIALISM, IMPERIALISM

PROTÉGÉE-CITIZENSHIP: It existed, e.g., for Chinese with the Foreign Concessions in China. - See also: Tangier and Protégée Citizenship, an article in German. (JOESTEN, JOACHIM: Article on consular jurisdiction in Tangier, DIE WELT, 22.8.1953. - JZL.) – This is at least one form, which personal law choices could take under existing conditions. Later they could become expanded. – We should remember that even some serfs were given the chance to purchase their liberty from their masters. – JZ, 13.2.08. – PANARCHISM, START UP OPTIONS

PROTESTANTISM: The age of Protestantism, enlightenment, tolerance and liberation has barely begun. – JZ, 19.11.93, 15.2.08. - ENLIGHTENMENT, TOLERANCE, LIBERATION

PROTESTS: Don’t get along placidly – at the very least roar in protest when some wrong gets done. – JZ, 16.8.81. – But in that case better be armed, organized and trained, too and prepare to use your skills and weapons in self-defence. – Territorial governments are, all too often, in the habit of eliminating dissenters. - JZ, 17.3.08, 17.2.11. – Against them one needs sufficient collaboration with freedom-, justice and peace-loving other people as well. – JZ, 27.1.14. – SELF-DEFENCE, MILITIA FOR THE PROTECTION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PROTESTS: Mere protests, i.e. talking, marching, meetings etc., is not enough. Full freedom of action is required and its first and essential step would be individual secessionism. The result of this would be a variety of peacefully competing, because exterritorial and autonomous alternative institutions. - JZ 4.9.89, 10.10.89. – MARCHING, MASS MEETINGS, DEMONSTRATION, SECESSIONISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION & EXPERIMENTATION, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, MILITIA, RESISTANCE, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, PANARCHISM, MINORITY AUTONOMY, EXTERRITORIALITY, POLYARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, TYRANNIES, DICTATORSHIPS, DESPOTISMS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATE, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, PROGRAM

PROTESTS: Protests of victims rarely ever prevented a crime. When life and liberty are threatened, more than freedom of expression and freedom to demonstrate or to commit suicide are required to resist this threat. - I found it particularly absurd when "Greenpeace" opponents of nuclear testing placed themselves into nuclear test areas, as if they could not wait to be killed in this way, becoming martyrs for their cause. - Moreover, the tests are as nothing compared with the risks of an all-out atomic war. And yet most of the protestors against nuclear tests are either satisfied with nuclear brinkmanship or do not think clearly about rightful and sound alternatives to MAD (Mutual Assured Destruction) "policies". They still expect their territorial governments to save them, rather than endanger them. - Protests are required rather against the situation in which only a few men hold the fate of mankind in their hands and all people are organized into nuclear targets, taxed and conscripted and indoctrinated towards their extermination and made powerless to do something directly to save them. Protests, and much more than mere protests, are required to get rid of all territorial and war-promoting powers. - Those who only protest against the current abuse of this power and not against this power itself, cannot be expected to bring about rightful, rational, thorough and lasting changes. They remain part of the problem, as enemies of any thorough changes. - The unarmed voter, especially the one committed to non-violence; is scarcely more than a comical figure in the eyes of the territorial power and war-mongers. - Arm, organize and train yourself to really protect your individual rights and liberties. - Alas, it is probably useless as well to merely protest against merely protesting, marching, demonstrating and similar "actions". Those engaging in them are usually constitutionally unable to see, understand and to do what needs to be done and what can be done rightfully. - BRINKMANSHIP, DECISION, DISARMAMENT, FREEDOM OF ACTION, MILITIA NON-VIOLENCE, NUCLEAR STRENGTH, OUTLAWRY, POWERLESSNESS PROPAGANDA; PUBLICITY, RESISTANCE, TREASON, TYRANNICIDE, UNILATERAL NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, WAR AIMS, WEAPONS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - MERE PROTESTS AGAINST NUCLEAR TESTING, THE PLACEMENT OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS & AGAINST NUCLEAR REACTORS, MILITIA, IMPROVEMENTS, PROGRESS, THE NOW GENERATION, RISING EXPECTATIONS

PROTESTS: There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest. – Elie Wiesel in  – There is no “may be” about it, for there is no country in which we are already quite free to secede, act under exterritorial autonomy, resist effectively, even armed, trained and organized, free to opt out e.g. from under monetary and financial despotism. – Sometimes we are powerless enough not to be free to protest, either. Even our right to protest is severely restricted in most countries, especially when it comes to open air meetings. - JZ, 1.4.12.

PROTESTS: To sin by silence when they should protest makes cowards of men.” – Abraham Lincoln – Protest needs freedom to protest. If there is terror instead, people should not be blamed for remaining silent. If they are free to protest and, nevertheless, don’t protest, then they are not made cowards by this but were cowards already before. – However, even under degrees of freedom in the Western World, it is not easy to get e.g. a protest letter into a newspaper or to get a protest included in a radio or TV program – and among billions of messages on the IN, who will read it? In most “free” countries there is not even a free speech centre in the open air (in the whole of India there is just one such place!) and demonstrations do often require police permits. To hire meeting rooms and to advertise for an audience, in the absence of a general meeting calendar, is not cheap and easy, either. How effective are leaflets and pamphlets? And how affordable are advertisements? Even bulletin boards are scarce, limited in size, mostly not properly classified and also censored by their owners! – Moreover, there are so many cases for protests. An individual can fast become exhausted by this activity and will not tend to get anywhere, as a rule. Not even signatures for petitions are systematically collected online. (That is changing now, e.g. on Facebook. – JZ, 27.1.14.) And authorities are still free to ignore millions of such signatures and free not even to read the petitions at all. A letter to your political representative? Does a more useless activity exist? – Rather let individual secede and that would make their taxation also voluntary. - JZ, 10.3.09. – Even when merely speaking up may cost your life, e.g. in North Korea? – JZ, 3.4.12, 27.1.14. – It does not MAKE cowards but, rather, reveals them as such or as too disinterested and apathetic people, even when they do have at least some freedom of expression and information. – JZ, 16.1.13. – If a militia for the protection of individual rights and liberties were already organized then one could do much more than merely protest. – So far not even a complete declaration of all individual rights and liberties has either been compiled or sufficiently published. For decades I tried in vain to interest sufficient people in both reform projects. Even most anarchists and libertarians react rather with flawed excuses than ready collaboration to such appeals. - JZ, 27.1.14. - PROTEST OPPORTUNITIES? & SPEAK UP RATHER THAN REMAIN SILENT, UNLESS THIS MEANS DEATH OR IMPRISONMENT FOR YOU, NEW DRAFT, ENLIGHTENMENT, LIBERATION, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, VOLUNTARISM, REVOLUTION, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL & MINORITY GROUP SECESSIONISM, DEMOCRACY, PETITIONS, FREEDOM OF SPEECH? FREEDOM OF PRESS? INTERNET?

PROTESTS: We uniformly applaud what is right and condemn what is wrong, when it costs us nothing but the sentiment.” – William Hazlitt, Characteristics, 1823. – Alas, how many do really know what is right and condemn only what is wrong? – JZ, 1.4.08. – They cannot learn it from a ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties – that has either not yet been compiled or not yet been published – and they cannot always rely on their inborn moral sense or conscience. – JZ, 15.4.08, 17.2.11. - RALLIES, MARCHES, MASS MEETINGS, DEMONSTRATIONS

PROTESTS: Who can protest and does not, is an accomplice in the act.” – THE TALMUD: Sabbath, 54 b. – Quoted in Seldes, The Great Quotations. - When protesting, better be armed, organized and well trained and have a good enough liberation program, which most freedom-fighters, so far, do not have and are not even interested to acquire. - JZ, 17.3.08, 27.1.14. – Effective public protests require also sufficient open-air free speech centers and discussion centers under roofs. Also sufficient publicity for coming-up meetings, in a common calendar. (The latter could now be very cheaply offered online or via an emailed newsletter. Or via mobile phones with Internet access options.) At least the latter 3 options would be legal. But in this small country district, population of 3 towns ca. 30.000, we have two dozen coffee houses and not one is a free discussion centre. Possibly only cities could continue the old intellectual coffee house tradition. – In the USA, 18 years ago, I encountered a small coffee shop proprietor, probably in a suburb of Denver, who would gladly have thus transformed his coffee shop. But he could not do so effectively, he said, because his parking space held only 24 cars. Most of those interested, would want to come by car. Thus, perhaps, cars are also partly to blame for the discontinuance of this tradition, and lack of road parking and special parking space, combined with insufficient public or competitive private transport facilities. – However, sufficient cheap and regular publicity would also help to re-establish and maintain such discussion centers. – Many class rooms could also be used for that purpose – but are mostly closed to the public in the evenings. – The costly and compulsory public education system – is also an obstacle to real education. - JZ, 23.4.08. 17.2.11. – Mere public protests are not enough. When individual and group secessionism exist already as an option, then they can and should be used to achieve the first group secessions. Otherwise resistance is often required, and for it a militia exclusively for the protection of genuine individual liberties would often offering the only effective way, provided it can be established already within a country or via a government or society in exile. – JZ, 21.3.09, 27.1.14. - Alas, so far neither individual secessionism nor exterritorial autonomy for voluntary communities, nor an ideal declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties nor an ideal militia of volunteers for their protection have been realized. Not even the need for these steps is widely enough seen or sufficient interest is shown for them. - JZ, 17.2.11, 27.1.14. - PUBLICITY & FACILITIES FOR PUBLIC MEETINGS, FREE SPEECH, FREE DISCUSSION OPTIONS – EVERYWHERE & AT ANY TIME, RESISTANCE, SECESSIONISM, MICOFFEE HOUSE TRADITION FOR INTELLECTUALS, DISSENTERS, MINORITY GROUPS, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, INTEREST FOR IT & FOR MILITIAS FOR THEIR PROTECTION

PROUDHON & NATIONALISM: Proudhon shows a hostility to nationalism rare at the time. He cared nothing for Mazzini and Garibaldi, whose exploits dazzled his contemporaries; nothing for the wrongs of Poland and Hungary. For nationalism meant the glorification of the centralized state. - John Bowle, Politics & Opinion in the 19th Century, p. 162. - The exterritorial alternative to territorial nationalism existed for a long time and still exists in small remnants and could be brought to bloom again, with all the human rights and liberties, cultures and civilizations, religions, races, racial mixtures, ideologies and social science experiments that are wanted by some and to the extent that they are wanted and for those only, who do want them. Proudhon, in his notion of the dissolution of the State by contracts did already imply such a development. But I know not of any passage where he clearly spells out the constructive, voluntaristic and exterritorial consequences of such a dissolution and its consequences. - But then about half of his writings have, still not been published, not even in French! - JZ, 7.1.93, 10.12.03, 20.9.04. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, PROUDHON, MAZZINI, GARIBALDI

PROUDHON & PERSONAL LAW: If a concept of law is to accord with the way in which anarchists react to existing situations, its promise must be that the only rules, which will be obeyed, are those which people have themselves imposed or with which they have agreed. In Proudhon's words: 'As long as I have not wanted this law, as long as I have not assented to it, voted for it or signed it, it binds me to nothing, it does not exist.' (Idee Generale, p.313.)” - Holterman, Law in Anarchism, p.11. - Kant speaks of obedience towards self-given laws and by this he did not mean the assent given to laws by unenlightened mobs or majorities. He considered all States in which only the leaders decide on war and peace to be dictatorships. - JZ, 11.12.03. – PERSONAL LAW, SELF-GIVEN LAW, VOLUNTARISM, PROUDHON, KANT, ANARCHISM, CONSENT, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, STATISM, WAR & PEACE, VOTING

PROUDHON & PROPERTY: I protest that in criticizing property, or rather the whole body of institutions of which property is the pivot, I never meant either to attack the individual rights recognized by previous laws, or to dispute the legitimacy of acquired possessions, or to instigate an arbitrary distribution of goods, or to put an obstacle in the way of free and regular acquisition of properties by bargain and sale; or even to prohibit or suppress by sovereign decree land-rent and interest on capital.” - Proudhon, The General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century, as quoted by R. A. Wilson.

PROUDHON VS. MARX: Focusing upon the respective social remedies proposed by Marx and Proudhon, Tucker pointed that: Marx would nationalize the production and distributive forces; Proudhon would individualize and associate them. Marx would make the laborers political master; Proudhon would abolish political mastership entirely. Marx would abolish usury by having the State lay violent hands on all industry and business and conduct it on the cost principle; Proudhon would abolish usury by disconnecting the State entirely from industry and business and forming a system of free banks which would furnish credit at cost (*) to every industrious and deserving person and thus place the means of production within the reach of all; Proudhon believed in the voluntary principle, Marx believed in compulsory majority rule. In short, Marx was an authoritarian, Proudhon was a champion of liberty.” – Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.158. - - (*) Rather, at whatever it could or would costs on a quite free market! Also under the freedom of contract and free pricing system between those who have capital to offer and those who want it or need it. – When exchange is quite free and people have free choice of value standards, too, productive capital would accumulate relatively fast and become relatively widely available – at its then prevailing free market price, as a justified share in the additional productivity achieved by it, which is, in reality, also a just return to pre-done labours. - JZ, 17.3.08. – INTEREST, AUTHORITARIANISM, PRODUCTION, CAPITAL, CREDIT, COST PRICES? MAJORITY RULE & DESPOTISM? FREE MARKET

PROUDHON, P. J.: General Idea of Revolution in the Nineteenth Century, first published in English in 1923, Haskell House Publishers, N.Y. 1969, 302 pp., H.C. - For individual contract governments and arbitration between them: 113ff, 206/7, 246, 258, 260, 262ff. - Proudhon said somewhere: "Whoever wants to be free must not be subjected to any other laws than his own." – PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, CONTRACTS, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

PROUDHON: Proudhon was one of the earliest monetary freedom advocates. FREEDOM, London, I believe in March 86, pointed out that about half of his writings had not yet been published, not even in French, not even in his collected "complete" works. When in Vancouver, in 1990, I had a chance for a short telephone talk with George Woodcock about this. He denied this accusation, which, if true, would strongly support my case for the need of microfiching (or digitizing – JZ, 13.2.08.) all freedom writings. - By the way, then he seemed to have given up his former intention to translate more of Proudhon's writings and he has died since. - I was relieved and confirmed, in my fiching - determination, when I found recently, in the thick volume of anarchist discussion, by Peter Marshall: "Demanding the Impossible", that, indeed, many of the writings of Proudhon have not yet been published. Among them may also be many unfinished or even finished manuscripts dealing with monetary freedom options and perhaps clarifying some of his views on the competitive or exclusive position for his "Peoples' Bank". Will any French or other anarchist or other free banking advocate ever bother or have the chance to look up and photocopy these unpublished writings and make them accessible on microfiche, floppy disks or CDs, or online? To me it is almost as if the Christians had not bothered to gather and publish all the teachings of Christ that they could get hold of and the Muslims those of Mohammed. (Actually, for several centuries they did not and by then all too little was left in the oral traditions or of early records.) Do we have to repeat and continue with that degree of negligence with regard to the at least economically, politically and socially much more important writings and traditions on freedom, justice and peace? One can accuse the communists of many things and rightly so. But they did not neglect their prophets as much! They even reproduced many of the writings of their earlier prophets and their followers on microfiche. (Admittedly, later dissenters and heretics, in their own ranks, were not so welcomed, on the contrary! - JZ, 5.9.02.) Where is the capitalistic or free market equivalent effort - apart from my own shoe-string enterprise? - JZ, 11.4.97. (I am happy that there are now quite a few libertarian and anarchist scanners active, who have already put many texts online – Alas, not yet all, and they have not yet combined all of them on a few CDs, DVDs and a single large HDD. – JZ, 13.2.08.)

PROUDHON'S ANARCHISM & VOLUNTARISM: For Proudhon, as for all anarchists, the only acceptable economic system is one that does not in the least lean upon coercive mechanisms exercised over people by any kind of organization other than their own voluntary social groupings. Hence the end toward which all economic activity must aim, according to the anarchist view, must be one that reflects natural right.” - W. O. Reichert, in Holterman, Law in Anarchism, p.146. - And yet how far are most anarchists and libertarians, still, from fully recognizing natural and individual economic rights and the voluntaristic, social and individualistic and just relationships that result from them in a fully liberated free market in every sphere? Many anarchists have become opponents of the voluntarism of free markets and libertarian free marketeers have become addicted to the territorial monopoly of limited governments! On both sides a muddle of opinions and dogmas still prevents clear and consistent thinking and actions - and causes a large degree of disagreement between them. Both sides would only have to subscribe to the minimal requirements of panarchism, which should be almost self-evident for both sides, in order to become tolerant of or even supportative for each other and for all other voluntaristic aspirations. - JZ 15.1.93, 27.1.14. - RECIPROCITY OR MUTUALISM, LIBERATION & REVOLUTION PROGRAMS, KNOWLEDGE, PREJUDICES, ENLIGHTENMENT, ANARCHISTS, LIBERTARIANS, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, VS. TERITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES & A MILITAI FOR THEIR PROTECTION, NATURAL LAW & RIGHTS

PROVIDENCE: The Christian name for Chance.” – Alphonse Karr

PROVOCATIONS: All anger is not sinful, because some degree of it, and on some occasions, is inevitable. But it becomes sinful and contradicts the rule of Scripture when it is conceived upon slight and inadequate provocation, and when it continues long.” - Paley. - ANGER, PASSION, ENTHUSIASM, EMOTIONS, FEELINGS, THINKING, REASONING, KEEPING COOL

PROXEMICS, TERRITORIALISM, TERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE: Lageman, John Kord: How Much Space Does a Man Need? READERS DIGEST, 9/67. It reviews the research of anthropologist Dr Edward T. Hall on "proxemics" - the study of living in close quarters. Seems to me to be a rational approach towards the concept of a "territorial imperative", showing its close limits. - JZ

PROXENOI OR PROXENUS, GREECE & EGYPT: In Athens and in other Greek cities, the institution of proxenia existed, the proxenus being appointed either by the foreign government, which he represented or by the State in which he resided. 4 The choice was made from among the citizens of the latter State, and had to be approved by them. 5 The office of the proxenus was similar to the modern consulate and is even regarded by some as its earliest prototype. 6 It is said that nearly all the Greek republics had proxenoi in Egypt.7 - 4 Phillipson, op. cit., vol. i, p. 150. The earliest evidence of the existence of proxenoi dates from the middle of the fifth century, ibid., p. 148. - 5 Pardessus, op. cit., vol. i, p. 52; Hautefeuille, Histoire du droit maritime international (2d ed., Paris, 1869), p. 06, n. 1. - 6 Phillipson, op. cit., vol. i, p. 149; Miltitz, Manuel des consuls (London and Berlin, 1837-41), vol. i, p. 11. - 7 Hautefeuille, ibid. – Liu, Exterritoriality, p.24. Liu’s book is online at - PANARCHISM, CONSULAR JURISDICTION

PROXIMITY: Even the best friends should live together only if they are separated by a high wall. – Ancient Chinese proverb. („Auch die besten Freunde sollten nur getrennt durch eine hohe Mauer zusammen leben.“) - Compare: “Familiarity breeds contempt.” To a large extent that applies also to married couples who do not give each other sufficient space or personal development opportunities. – JZ, 18.2.08. – While wanted privacy requires some walls, personal law systems do not. – JZ, 10.4.08. - Except, naturally, the walls of private properties. - JZ, 17.2.11. - KEEPING ONE’S DISTANCE, ALOOFNESS, INDIVIDUALISM, PRIVACY, FRIENDSHIP, CLOSENESS, FAMILIARITY, PERSONAL LAW

PSYCHIATRISTS: Anyone who goes to a psychiatrist ought to have his head examined.” – Samuel Goldwyn, - Lore and Maurice Cowan, compilers, The Wit of the Jews, Leslie Frewin, London, 1970, p.88. - Quoted also by Alva Johnson, The Great Goldwyn. JOKES

PSYCHIATRISTS: In America each year more than twice as many psychiatrists commit suicide as members of mental hospital patients.” – Dick and Rose Girling et al, Would You Believe It, Doctor? – How many such patients are there and what is the total of all the psychiatrists there? – JZ

PSYCHIATRISTS: Why do psychiatrists systematically impose themselves on persons who want to have nothing to do with them? I believe they do so because, like most people, psychiatrists love power and exult in pushing others around.” - Thomas Szasz – Such impositions are outside of my experience. – JZ, 11.3.09.

PSYCHIATRY: A neurotic is the man who builds a castle in the air. The psychotic is the man who lives in it. And a psychiatrist is the man who collects the rent.” – Author unidentified. - JOKES

PSYCHIATRY: I am probably the only psychiatrist in the world whose hands are clean,” Szasz told the newspaper. “I have never committed anyone. I have never given electric shock. I have never, ever, given drugs to a mental patient.” - h/t Sheldon Richman - Robert Anthony Peters via Sheldon Richman – Facebook, 23.9.12. – THOMAS SZASZ, died at 92 in 1912.

PSYCHIATRY: Psychiatry relates to friendship like prostitution does to love. – JZ, 5.7.91.

PSYCHIATRY: Psychiatry, Like Love, Is Not Enough.” - Laurence J. Peter and Raymond Hall, The Peter Principle, 1969ff, p.79, chapter heading. - & LOVE:

PSYCHIATRY: Researchers at Ohio State found that dogs had better results with seriously disturbed mental patients than psychiatrists.” – PENTHOUSE, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 7/81. – They also do not cost as much, at least not per hour or per week. – JZ, 17.3.08. - JOKES

PSYCHOANALYSIS: Hanging a Greek tag on every quiver of human emotion may create the illusion of knowledge where there is only classification.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

PSYCHOANALYSIS: Mind bespeaks itself. One who finds his milieu a forest of sexual symbols reveals more the status of his own brain than that of his environ.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. – FREUD

PSYCHOANALYSIS: Psychoanalysis has added many new words to our language but no new insights.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

PSYCHOANALYSIS: The attempt to cure aberrations of the present day by recalling aberrations of the past.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

PSYCHOHISTORY: Psychohistorical science, supposedly based upon mathematics and able to predict successful human behavior as well as what would be unsuccessful human behavior, in the “Foundation” series of Isaac Asimov, can be in reality much better provide by the ethics, morality or natural law for human beings, expressed in a comprehensive declaration of individual human rights and liberties. As a mathematical science it is condemned to remain science fiction. Panarchism and its extensive and voluntary experimentation, in xyz exterritorially autonomous panarchies at the same time, in the same country or even world-wide, would also reveal relatively soon what works for human beings, as they are and what does not, contrary to many of their ideas, beliefs, convictions and arguments. It would assure a better future and less oppression to all human beings, via free individual choices. It would assure that rightful and sound pioneering does become successful, as far as it is humanly, economically and scientifically possible. – Neither territorial politics as a science, nor psychology or history or the predominant schools of economics have been able to provide better results than these two approaches can and would provide. - JZ, 28.2.12. – ISAAC ASIMOV, FOUNDATION SERIES OF SF. STRENGTH, MILITIA, HISTORY, HUMAN RIGHTS, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, ETHICS, MORALITY, GOVERNMENT

PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE, THE CONVENTIONAL TYPE: Conventional psychological warfare generally attempts only to demoralize the opposition, not to win it over to better ideals. It tries to do this by slander, exaggeration; lies, rumours, threats and terrorist measures. Especially when using terrorist means or threats like indiscriminate air raids or nuclear deterrents, by actions applying the principle of collective responsibility, leading to total war, the contrary of the desired purpose is achieved: the enemy's resistance is stiffened rather than weakened. Even a rat gets dangerous when cornered and made desperate. - For a more rational approach see e.g. under: AIR RAIDS, AMNESTY, APPEALS, DECLARATIONS, DESERTION, GOVERNMENTS-IN-EXILE, LIBERATION WAR, PEACE DECLARATIONS, PUBLICITY, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, SECESSIONISM, SEPARATE PEACE, TYRANNICIDE, UNILATERAL NUCLEAR TEAR DISARMAMENT, WAR AIMS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos.16 & 17, on

PSYCHOLOGISTS: For me psychologists seem so divorced from political, economic and social realities, even when these have psychological underpinnings, that their writings and talks have little to offer for most of the remaining problems of our times in these spheres. – JZ, 26.12.93.

PSYCHOLOGISTS: How many psychologists have a sound understanding of economics and of individual human rights and liberties and the political institutions that would be based on them? – JZ, 2.4.08.

PSYCHOLOGISTS: moral principles were regarded by the Psychology Department as symptoms on the order of dreams, by the Anthropology Department as historical relics on the order of potshards, by the Philosophy Department variously as cadavers for logical dissection or necessary absurdities. The result (especially for thoughtful students) was confusion, anxiety, frustration, despair, and a fitful search for something to fill the moral vacuum in their quads. (*) Thus the proliferation of new religions, secular and otherwise, in the last half-dozen generations … - John Garth, Giles the Goat Boy, p. 90/91. – Most economists and political “scientists” have rejected the ideas of individual human rights and liberties, natural rights and a provable morality or ethics as well, without knowing enough about either. – JZ, 17.3.08, 27.1.14. - (*) quads? Illegible! – JZ -  MORALITY, ETHICS, MOST PSYCHOLOGISTS TODAY?, ANTHROPOLOGISTS, PHILOSOPHERS, ACADEMICS, ECONOMICS, POLITICS, MORALITY, ETHICS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS

PSYCHOLOGISTS: Most psychologists, through the blinders of their “science” (xyz factions of it) are unable to see and understand the main causes of wars and the cures for them. – They draw extreme conclusions out of close and even intimate relationships, as if large territorial States were individual entities with similar motivations and urges, while territorial State do precisely exclude individual preferences and choices and territorially overrule them to a very large extent. - JZ, 11/86. – INDIVIDUALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, COLLECTIVISM, COMPULSION & COERCION V. VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, WAR, PEACE

PSYCHOLOGISTS: Perhaps all of us, including the psychologists, are sick in the head. But the psychologists seem to be least aware of that. – JZ, 18.7.84, 17.3.08. - JOKES

PSYCHOLOGISTS: Psychologists need their patients more than their patients need them – for often even a mere pet does give them a better service, not to speak of a good human friend. – JZ, 20.12.87, 22.2.08.

PSYCHOLOGISTS: Psychologists usually try to be manipulative, try to manipulate you without you even becoming aware of this. – JZ, 25.4.82.

PSYCHOLOGISTS: those people who (*) understand everything you are saying although you do not know what you are talking about.” – From film: “Dear Brigitte”.  - (*) pretend they – JZ )

PSYCHOLOGISTS: You may be a fourth-level intellect, but you’re not a psychologist!” - “On the contrary”, the machine said a trifle primly. “So-called psychology has been no more than a body of observations in search of a science. I have organized the date into a coherent discipline.” – Keith Laumer, The Great Time Machine Hoax, ACE SF 1978, p.22. - JOKES

PSYCHOLOGY: And psychology, sweetheart, is the Black Hole of Calcutta. Stay away from it. The only thing it's good for is letting guilty parties escape punishment on technicalities.” - David Houston, Substance X, p.7.

PSYCHOLOGY: Barring sociology (which is yet, of course, scarcely a science at all, but rather a monkey-shine which happens to pay, like play-acting or theology), psychology is the youngest of the sciences, and hence chiefly guesswork, empiricism, hocus-pocus, poppycock…. “ - H. L. Mencken, Prejudices, First Series, p.150. – Was Herbert Spencer the only sociologist with at least some ideas in the direction of panarchism, with his chapter 19 on the right of individuals to ignore the State, in “Social Statics”? – Did any psychologist ever speak up for panarchism? - JZ, 25.3.09. – SOCIOLOGY, HERBERT SPENCER

PSYCHOLOGY: I for one don’t like to deal with people whom I would have to psyche into considering and accepting a new idea. If they cannot pick it up from a somewhat rational description and make it fit into their thinking and activities then they are not the people for me. – JZ, 12.6.89. – But then, whom does that leave? – Compare: “Communication takes place only between equals.” – They have to be equals at least in interests. – And regarding some unpopular ideas that is very rare. – Unless one could reach all interested people in the world via an already established Ideas Archive and Talent and Genius Centre or a directory to people according to their main interests, especially in the social science sphere. - JZ, 1.4.08. - Or through a comprehensive libertarian projects list online. - JZ, 17.2.11. – NEW DRAFT

PSYCHOLOGY: Only people with great emotional problems would study psychology – and it does not cure them, either. – JZ, 9.3.77. - JOKES

PSYCHOLOGY: Psychological independence is contingent on economic independence, and economic independence is contingent on a free market. This is why those most economically independent are generally also the most mentally independent; why the self-employed are more psychologically independent than those employed by the state or by large private organizations; why capitalism stimulates, while communism stifles, personal independence; …” - Thomas Szasz, Heresies, p.63. – PERSONAL INDEPENDENCE, INDEPENDENT THINKING

PSYCHOLOGY: Too many libertarians believe that all rational approaches in spreading liberty ideas are condemned to failure due to irrationality, emotionalism and psychological hang-ups. I hold that the means for rational persuasion have not yet been sufficiently assembled, mobilized and utilized. Most of them are still unknown or unappreciated. They have not even been comprehensively collected, compiled and systematically surveyed and evaluated. The closest to such a compilation, that I know of, may be my program for accelerating a genuinely cultural revolution. – JZ, 9/82, 17.3.08. - In Januar 2010 I finished a book manuscript on this, as far as I could then, merely calling it "New Draft". I offer it as a zipped (306 KBs) email attachment to anyone interested. Gian Piero de Bellis reviewed it on www. - JZ, 17.2.11. - It is not copyrighted by me anyone is invited to put it online somewhere, preferably with his comments. – JZ, 27.1.14. - LIBERTARIANISM

PSYCHOLOGY: You’re getting too psychoanalytic for me, I’m afreud.” – Poul Anderson, Conquests, p. 54. JOKES, RED., POP-PSYCHOLOGY, THE ATTEMPT TO EXPLAIN EVERYTHING THROUGH PSYCHOLOGY

PSYCHOTHERAPY: Dr. Joseph D. Matarazzo, head of the medical psychology department at the University of Oregon: More psychotherapy is accomplished between good friends at coffee every morning at ten o’clock than all day long in doctors’ offices. A good talk with a close friend can solve problems, or at least put them in perspective, before they become overpowering. One of the problems we face today is the scarcity of good friends.” – A. P. – Quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 4/67. - Compare: A friend is one before whom I may think aloud. - Ralph Waldo Emerson. – FRIENDSHIP

PUBLIC AFFAIRS: It is impossible to handle public affairs aright. At best you can handle your own. – JZ, 73. - But what cannot be territorially achieved, for all dissenters, can be exterritorially achieved among like-minded volunteers, operating under personal laws. - JZ, 5.11.07. - Foreign affairs should not be monopolized by territorial governments, either, not more so than internal affairs of the population. – JZ, 25.2.08. – PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT, FOREIGN AFFAIRS, PERSONAL LAW COMMUNITIES, META-UTOPIA, POLYARCHISM, VOLLUNTARISM

PUBLIC AFFAIRS: Privately we are already largely free to go our own ways and make our own individual choices, to the extent that we have consumer sovereignty and somewhat free markets for goods and services. Now let us extend this freedom into the sphere of political, economic and social systems and institutions, to free the rest of our lives from all the territorially imposed monopolies, tributes, oppression and exploitation, including even wars, revolutions, civil wars and terrorism. Even ordinary crime would be greatly reduced. Enlightenment and ethical behaviour would spread faster and more widely. Only some private criminal activity with victims would remain and could be countered more effectively and rightfully by competing protection agencies of various panarchies and free enterprise services. – JZ, 27.1.05. – GOVERNMENTAL & PUBLIC AFFAIRS TO BECOME PRIVATE AFFAIRS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, MULTIARCHISM, TOLERANCE, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, VOLUNTARISM

PUBLIC AFFAIRS: Public affairs have turned all too many affairs, which should be private and individually decided, into “public affair”. At the same time, through secrecy provisions, punishment for “whistle-blowers”, “spies” and “treason”, it keeps many crooked actions by politicians and bureaucrats from public scrutiny. They nationalize private affairs and “privatize” public affairs - for the private benefit of politicians and bureaucrats. – JZ, 22.10.99, 14.2.08, 17.2.11. - TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC AFFAIRS: Read: power and corruption, politicians, party and leadership squabbles, bureaucracy, mismanagement, waste and ignoring or suppressing individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 22.10.99, 14.2.08. - TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC AFFAIRS: The so-called “public affairs” are nobody’s affairs. – JZ, 14.1.73. – Or everybody’s affairs, to the extent that they are interested in them. A tourist or a trader, who is polite and tolerant, is of more value to us than a diplomat or minister for foreign affairs. – JZ, 25.2.08. – And sufficient digital contacts are cheaper than embassies and diplomats of governments. – JZ, 23.4.08.

PUBLIC AFFAIRS: these days when almost everybody has a remedy for everything and very few of us have the strength to understand that in public affairs 19 times out of 20 the wise, kind, and helpful course is to do nothing – absolutely nothing.” – Sir Ernest Benn, This Soft Age, p.144. - DO NOTHING, LAISSEZ FAIRE, NON-INTERVENTION, LAWS, EXECUTIVE ACTION, AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, ANARCHISM, RULE, POLITICIANS, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

PUBLIC AFFAIRS: We are stating the reputation of our periodical that nothing in Public Life (*) is any good. It’s no trouble to pick out the bad but I tell you readers, when you sit down to pick out the worst, you have set some task for yourself.” – Will Rogers. – (*) or coming out of it – JZ, n.d.

PUBLIC AFFLUENCE: So I think most of us would agree that ‘public affluence and private penury’ comes closer to a correct description of the world.” – Milton Friedman, From Galbraith to Economic Freedom, p.15. - PUBLIC SECTOR VS. PRIVATE SECTOR,

PUBLIC AWARENESS: Those who merely want to “raise public awareness” have usually no correct idea on causes and cures for public or social problems. – JZ, 30.5.96 1.4.08.

PUBLIC BUSINESS: The first mistake in public business is going into it. - Benjamin Franklin - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - PUBLIC AFFAIRS, PUBLIC INTEREST, PUBLIC SECTOR

PUBLIC CHOICE THEORY ECONOMICS: And indeed, the modern world is still too willing to believe in the high-mindedness of regulators and bureaucrats – hence the great value of what is called Public Choice Theory Economics, which assumes that there is a vested interest lurking behind every government act.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, p.415, HarperCollins, - TERRIRORIALISM, STATISM, VESTED INTERESTS OF GOVERNMENTS

PUBLIC CONTROL: the nationalized industries if left to themselves respond to nothing but their ruling executives. (*) To call them “publicly controlled” is the reverse of truth since the public has less control over them than they have over private industry whose continued existence depends upon being responsive to consumer demand.” (**) – Dr Rhodes Boyson, Goodbye to Nationalization, p.5. - (*) And their co-rulers, the trade union functionaries, also a very powerful lobby in parliaments. – (**) And the attitude of investors and employees towards them. - JZ, 18.3.08.

PUBLIC CREDIT: in all human experience so far, there is no such thing as public credit; there is only public debit.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Benn’s Protest, p.70. – Also in: The Profit System, p. 73/74 of Deryck Abel: Ernest Benn Counsel for Liberty. – And in his: The Enemy the State, p.133. - I rather call it an immoral “investment” in tax slavery, often even a compulsory one, e.g. via Trustee Acts. – JZ, 23.6.93.

PUBLIC DEBT: A government debt is a government claim (*) against personal income and private property – an unpaid tax bill.” – Hans F. Sennholz, Debts & Deficits. – I call it an investment in tax slavery. - JZ - Individual and group secessionism and the subsequent communities of volunteers would make a very great difference in this sphere as well. – At most the secessionists should still be held responsible for their shares in those public debts that were taken up by their supposed representatives while they were still members of a State. – JZ, 2.1.08. – (*) A quite wrongful claim, too, like all compulsory taxes! – Isn’t it high time to publish and discuss all voluntary taxation alternatives and also all rightful and sensible tax strikes? - JZ, 10.3.09, 27.1.14. - GOVERNMENT DEBT, PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, TAXATION, VOLUNTARY VS. COMPULSORY TAXATION, TAX STRIKES

PUBLIC DEBT: An increase in public debt could therefore inspire more production only if people failed to realize that it simply substitutes future taxes for present taxes – that is, if they suffered from the ‘bond illusion”. People are not that gullible, in Wanniski’s view, and Keynesian ideas just provide politicians with an excuse to redistribute the misery in a stagnant economy.” – Alan Reynolds in reason, 12/78, reviewing Jude Wanniski’s book: The Way the World Works, 319pp, $ 12.95.

PUBLIC DEBT: Are you responsible for the debts taken up by distant family members or of all your friends or mere acquaintances? If not, then why should you be responsible for the “public debts” that “your” government, one not fully if at all and certainly not individually approved in all its actions, has taken up, in your name, without your individual consent, merely because you live in “its” territory? – JZ, 4.5.11. – TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENT DEBTS, Q.

PUBLIC DEBT: As long as mankind continue to pay “National Debts”, so-called, - that is, so long as they are such dupes and cowards as to pay for being cheated, plundered, enslaved and murdered, - so long there will be enough to lend the money for those purposes; …” - Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI/58, in Works, I. – TAXATION, INFLATION, GOVERNMENT INSECURITIES, TRUSTEE ACTS, NATIONAL DEBT, GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

PUBLIC DEBT: Avoid likewise the accumulation of debt, not only by shunning occasions of expense, but by vigorous exertions in time of peace to discharge the debts … not ungenerously throwing upon posterity the burden which we ourselves ought to bear.” – George Washington, quoted by Ralph Bradford in THE FREEMAN, 5/75.

PUBLIC DEBT: Buy US Bonds – and help finance an ever more oppressive bureaucracy.” – Simon Jester slogan # 120, mentioned in reason, March 78, p.10.

PUBLIC DEBT: Certainly, neither the whole people of the United States, nor any number of them, ever separately or individually contracted to pay a cent of these debts. … Certainly, too, there is in existence no such firm, corporation, or association as “the United States”, or “the people of the United States”, formed by any open, written, or other authentic and voluntary contract, and having corporate property with which to pay these debts. – How, then, is it possible, on any general principle of law or reason, that debts that are binding upon nobody individually, can be binding upon forty millions of people collectively, when, on general and legitimate principles of law and reason, these 40 millions of people neither have, nor ever had, any corporate property, never made any corporate or individual contract and neither have, nor even had, any corporate existence?” – Lysander Spooner, No Treason VI/p.43/44.

PUBLIC DEBT: Every person in the U.S.A. is endowed with life, liberty and a substantial share of the national debt.” – Arnold H. Glasow, READER’S DIGEST, 1/64. – JOKES

PUBLIC DEBT: Everybody has the right to be born free of debts or free to renounce all debt obligations undertaken without his consent, as soon as he is an adult, by opting out of the respective organizations, including States. – JZ, n.d., & 18.3.008. - LIQUIDATION OF THE STATE, PRIVATIZATION

PUBLIC DEBT: From acting under the idea that we subjects are duty bound to support the doings of the Government we have taken part in the election of, we find ourselves to-day saddled with enormous debt responsibilities not of our making. The holders of the Consols, India 3 percents, Turkish bonds, Corporation Stocks, Savings bank passbooks and other such “securities”, labor under the belief that they have a perfect right to receive interest on the money they have lent to government, as per agreement; and that the people and their descendants must be taxed to pay such interest forever, or until such time as they choose to pay off the principal, if the repayment of the principal is an impossibility, then taxes will be permanent for the benefit of the heirs of stockholders. This is all said to be supported by free contract! Well, as far as I am concerned, the mere statement of the case is sufficient to show its absurdity. As a private citizen of the world, in no way sharing with any government the responsibility of contracting debts, being in no sense a consenting party to what a government does in my name, I entirely repudiate the duty that has been put upon me of paying a quota of either principal or interest of the government’s debts.” – Badcock, Slaves to Duty, p.20/21. – REPUDIATION OF THE PUBLIC DEBT, STATE BANKRUPTCY

PUBLIC DEBT: Having no corporate property with which to pay what purports to be their corporate debts, this secret bank of robbers and murderers are really bankrupt. They have nothing to pay with. (*) In fact they do not propose to pay their debts otherwise than from the proceeds of their future robberies and murders. These are confessedly their sole reliance; and were known to be such by the lenders of the money, at the time the money was lent. …” - Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI/45, Works, vol. I. - (*) In fact, the capital assets which are nominally still those of the people of a territory, but really controlled by politicians and bureaucrats, are still large in many instances, in some cases enormous. But should they be used to pay off those, who had invested, voluntarily or involuntarily in tax slaves? I rather hold that titles to these remaining assets should be distributed equally among all surviving tax victims. See PEACE PLANS 19 c on this, available from me digitized as an email attachment – until it appears online or on a CD. – JZ, 18.3.08. - It may be still available at - or at least at the web archive. – JZ, 27.1.14.

PUBLIC DEBT: I haven’t signed up for any public debt. Find voluntary tax slaves to pay it. – JZ, 8.3.05.

PUBLIC DEBT: I sincerely believe that … the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of public funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale.” – Thomas Jefferson.

PUBLIC DEBT: I wish it were possible to obtain a single amendment to our Constitution. I would be willing to depend on that alone for the reduction of the administration of our government; I mean an additional article taking from the Federal Government the power of borrowing.” - Thomas Jefferson to John Taylor, 1798. – That would still leave them free to enslave us e.g. via taxes, including the tax that inflation amounts to, and through conscription, expropriation and nationalization. – Without the power to tax citizens or to grant licences and gather royalties for the exploitation of natural resources, or to run monopolies like the post office, perhaps no one would be foolish enough to lend any money to any government. – JZ, 4.1.08. 

PUBLIC DEBT: If it is right that we owe the public debt to ourselves – then we might as well cancel it! – JZ, 2.11.76. – In reality either voluntary or compulsory investment in tax slaves are involved. And as such all public debts are wrong in principle. – JZ, 25.2.08. -

PUBLIC DEBT: If medical science doesn’t stop making us live longer, our grandchildren will be telling us to go pay off this national debt ourselves.” – Ventura County, California, STAR-FREE PRESS, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, March 63. – JOKES

PUBLIC DEBT: It is a queer morality that allows a government to give away millions in welfare and charity whilst its debts remain unpaid. What would we say of an individual who publicly and ostentatiously gave money to charity whilst neglecting to pay his grocer and banker?” – Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 2/73. – WELFARE STATE

PUBLIC DEBT: Let National Fund holders fight out their claims before impartial juries; and if the Royal Family, the Peerage, and the whole House of Commons get sold up to satisfy those creditors, I shall not shed a tear.” – Badcock, Slaves to Duty.

PUBLIC DEBT: Like alcoholics or habitual drug users, those addicted to political practices insist upon the illusion that what one does in the present, or in an isolated environment, will bear no long-term or generalized hardships. Thus, millions of people are willing to impose the costs of present government programs upon unborn generations, in what has become a cycle of child abuse about which it is ‘politically incorrect’ to comment!” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 53. – I rather call public debt certificates “investments in tax slaves.” – JZ – PUBLIC DEBTS AMOUNT TO CHILD ABUSE

PUBLIC DEBT: Nebraskans do not permit their politicians to put them into debt. A Nebraskan controls his money. Any Nebraskan who is in debt, puts himself there. The Constitution of Nebraska does not permit the politicians in Lincoln to contract a debt for other Nebraskans. Nebraska has fine roads, fine schools, every public institution that anyone can desire. They are paid for …” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.191/92.

PUBLIC DEBT: No individual could borrow on the credit of his great-grandson, and yet the State machine has, so far, succeeded in doing exactly this (*) – and all in the name of security.” – Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.103. - (*) It is not actually his credit that is so mobilized but his still continued tax slavery. – JZ, 18.2.08, 18.2.11. – And that of the next generations. – JZ, 27.1.14

PUBLIC DEBT: Nobody should be able to unload his debts upon you. – JZ, 15.7.94. – Apart from inheriting e.g. a house with a mortgage on it. – Then one could sell the house and with part of the proceeds pay off the mortgage. - JZ, 23.4.08.

PUBLIC DEBT: one section of the nation is in a condition of perpetual slavery to another section who own the eight to ten thousand millions of public debt.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Account Rendered, p.63.

PUBLIC DEBT: Our thoughts are so muddled, or absent, that respectable citizens who would not think of taking more than a week’s credit from their personal tradesmen, sit on councils and negotiate thirty, sixty, ninety years of credit for public schemes of short-lived interest and utility. We have acquired such skill in the passing on of responsibility as to be able to put it on the shoulders of posterity.” - Sir Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p.216. – To clarify what is involved, I usually call investments in public securities: Investments in future tax slaves. But then the inflations caused by the monetary despotism of governments, turns these securities usually into insecurities, at least over long periods. – JZ, 18.2.08. - PUBLIC FINANCE, GOVERNMENT LOANS, GOVERNMENT SECURITIES

PUBLIC DEBT: private business debt is generally self-liquidating, while government debt is not.” – Lawrence White, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 11/77.

PUBLIC DEBT: Public debts lead to inflation.” - Popular opinion. - At most they are a motive to inflate a currency and not an honourable one. They are never a cause by themselves. One might as well say that indebtedness or profligate spending habits leads to embezzlement or bank robberies. - Without resorting to inflation they would lead to a further enslavement of the taxpayers or to State bankruptcies. - One kernel of truth in this popular view of inflation is the absurd practice of using government debts as "cover" for the issue of still further legal tender notes and calling this then an "asset" currency. But these assets are not productive investments but "state insecurities" or investments in tax slaves. - J. Z., 5. 4. 97. - INFLATION,

PUBLIC DEBT: Public debts pledge tax slaves as their “security” and are as such quite wrong. – JZ, 25.2.86, 1.4.08.

PUBLIC DEBT: Repudiate all government debts – because investments in tax slaves are as wrong as investments in other slaves. – JZ, 5.4.86. - Repudiate all public debts – as investments in tax slaves. – JZ, 17.7.87. – GOVERNMENT SECURITIES, TRUSTEE ACTS

PUBLIC DEBT: the accumulation of a debt that now exceeds the utterly incomprehensible figure of 600 billion dollars.” – Ralph Bradford, THE FREEMAN, 7/78, p.389. – Assume that in the meantime the USA public debt has grown threefold, to 1.8 trillion and the population to ca. 300 million. Then this would still amount only to $ 6,000 per head. – And this debt need not be recognized at all by the taxpayers, because it amounts to an investment in tax slaves. – JZ, 1.4.08.

PUBLIC DEBT: The principle of spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of funding, is but a swindling futurity on a large scale.” – Thomas Jefferson – Voluntary or involuntary investment in tax slaves is involved. – JZ, 2.1.08. - I prefer to call the purchase of public debt certificates and investment in tax slaves. – Alas, under trustee acts and other laws the purchase of such certificates is compulsory for many institutions. All such wrongs are committed under the cover-name of representative democracies! - Is there any territorial government not involved in such a swindle? - JZ, 10.3.09.

PUBLIC DEBT: The public debt is morally not binding upon anyone who did not sign up for it. – JZ, 4.10.98. – Actually, all public debt certificates amount to investments in tax slaves and as such there is no moral obligation to redeem them. Quite the contrary is true. Whoever made voluntarily such “investment” is quite wrong and deserves to lose it. Whoever was forced to so “invest” was simply correspondingly taxed or expropriated. At most all of us have only a claim to get our share in the remaining national assets transferred to us in corresponding capital certificates. This public property should certainly not remain any longer in the hands of the professional robbers, the greatest and most harmful criminals in the land, posing as our protectors and providers. – JZ, 27.9.08. - NATIONAL DEBT

PUBLIC DEBT: The public debt is no debt – since it is an imposed debt. – JZ, 2.2.90.

PUBLIC DEBT: The public debt is owed by the politicians!”- Andrew Melechinski. – And they should not be allowed to pay it out of the proceeds of the sale of public assets which they do presently still control. For these do belong to all the people in a nation, not just to the politicians! All the people should be able to get their share of them, in certified form. Should politicians also get such a personal share? In spite of all the high costs and disservices that they have so far inflicted upon that? I for one would deny this. But let first all the dissenters secede and get their shares of these assets and become free from any further territorially imposed tax burdens. Then the remaining statists, organized in a statist way but without any territorial monopoly - and represented by their preferred politicians - could do with their shares and politicians whatever they like. I would not care about that. – JZ, 28.9.08. – PRIVATIZATION, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, META-UTOPIA

PUBLIC DEBT: The state should have no power to contract debts, or loan its credit, except in case of war, invasion, or insurrection.” – John Bigelow, in Democratic Review, quoted by A. A. Ekirch Jr., JLS, Fall 77, p. 322. – In the cases quoted as exceptions, the State can even less be trusted with additional funds for its defence, which is not identical with the defence of its subjects. – JZ, 18.3.08.

PUBLIC DEBT: Then a few discovered that they could steal from the unborn Americans and the not yet living could not steal back.” – Anthony L. Hargis, in advertising his book: In Gold I Trust, reason 2/74. – Even taxes will not always be with us. Public debts are bets that they will be continued indefinitely, rather than shaken off by their victims. – JZ, 18.3.08. - REPUDIATION

PUBLIC DEBT: they will continue digging ever deeper into the pocketbooks of their children – a far cry from the law of liberty.” – Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 9/76.

PUBLIC DEBT: To preserve our independence, we must not let our rulers load us with perpetual debt. We must make our election between economy and liberty, or profusion and servitude. … I place economy among the first and most important of republican virtues, and public debt as the greatest of the dangers to be feared.” – President Thomas Jefferson

PUBLIC DEBT: To shackle future generations, with such monstrous debt and liabilities [$50 trillion+ of unfunded federal liabilities], is tantamount to selling them into tax slavery.” – Eric Englund in Income Taxes, Obesity, and Other Maladies of Nanny Statism 2/28/05. – Let them repudiate the public debt – simply by seceding from their territorial government. They did not take up the debt. It is not their duty to pay it. – JZ, 10.3.09. – They were, like slaves and serfs, not even free to secede from such a robber State. – JZ, 28.1.14. - DEBT SLAVERY, “INVESTMENTS” IN TAX SLAVES

PUBLIC DEBT: Why should a man born an Englishman be born with a financial liability round his neck? The only security the State can provide is that of the Prison; … It is quite wrong for the whole community to be throttled in this way.” – Anthony Fisher, The Case for Freedom, p.58.

PUBLIC DEBT: Why should anyone have to pay anything towards a “public debt” incurred by a territorial government in its own interest, pretending that it would be in the interest of the public, when he or she has not had a voice on the subject, i.e. they have not individually consented to take up such a debt? If they were voluntary members in a governance system, community or society, i.e. also quite free to secede from it and had not taken up this option, only then could one consider a public debt to be an obligation for all these voluntary members. -  JZ, 15.2.12. – VOLUNTARISM, TAXATION, COMPULSORY MEMBERSHIP

PUBLIC DEBT: You should have no other debts to pay than your own. – JZ, 3/75.

PUBLIC DISCUSSION: Neither socialism nor libertarianism are seriously and thoroughly discussed anywhere on a large scale and publicly. – JZ, 18.1.77. – The Internet has, since, somewhat improved this situation but, all of this type of discussion is still not made completely and cheaply as well as easily made accessible on a CD, nor is the discussion as yet sufficiently carried out in form of “argument mapping”. – JZ, 18.3.08. Nor is, in the IN discussions the wheat sufficiently separated from the chaff, either. Most of the discussions that I have seen there are just chaff, not worth reading and conserving except for inclusion in an encyclopaedia of the best refutations of popular errors, myths and prejudices. - JZ, 18.2.11, 28.1.14.

PUBLIC EDUCATION: A tax-supported, compulsory educational system is the complete model of the totalitarian state.” – Isabel Paterson (1886-1961), American Author. - Most of its teachers, as long experience has shown, are State socialists. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. - OR GOVERNMENT CONTROLLED & FINANCED COMPULSORY EDUCATION & TOTALITARIANISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC EDUCATION: The price of a "free" public education is freedom.” – Rothbard: – See especially Murray N. Rothbard’s brochure: “Education, Free and Compulsory”. - FREE & COMPULSORY

PUBLIC ENTERPRISES: Let the public compete with all public enterprises and let it freely choose among the competing services offered. – JZ, 9.11.97. – Public services are the opposite of freely competing private ones. What they offer costs the public directly or indirectly at least double of what competitive private services would charge. – JZ, 28.1.14. - PUBLIC ENTERPRISES ARE NOT RODUCTIVELY ENTERPRISIG, PUBLIC UTILITIES, PUBLIC SERVICES, COMPETITION, PUBLIC, CHOICE, PANARCHISM, PRIVATE & QUITE FREE COMPETITION WITH THEM, BY VOLUNTEERS, UNDER PERSONAL LAW CHOICES

PUBLIC EXPENDITURES: It’s really hard for a government to cut expenses – it’s easier to trim the taxpayers.” – Country Parson. – SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 3/78. - TAXATION, BUDGET, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, JOKES

PUBLIC FINANCE: Public finance means almost always mismanagement, fraud and waste of stolen funds. – JZ, 6.7.91. – BUDGET, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, GOVERNMENT FINANCE, SUBSIDIES

PUBLIC FINANCE: Thousands of millions of money without a shred of personal responsibility behind a single shilling of it. Fortunes equal to the total of the personal fortunes of all the individuals of the nation, and no part of them subject to the caution and restraint which necessarily and naturally apply to private money.” – Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p.34/35. - GOVERNMENT FINANCE, TAXATION, BUDGETS, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, RESPONSIBILITY, ACCOUNTABILITY, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, GOVERNMENT BUDGET, WELFARE STATE

PUBLIC FUNDING: I feel obliged to withhold my approval of the plan to indulge in benevolent and charitable sentiment through the appropriation of public funds … I find no warrant for such an appropriation in the Constitution.” – Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th US President. – Did he really avoid such government spending as far as he could? – JZ, 3.1.08. – How often, or, rather, how rarely did presidents etc. withhold their approval for such bills? – If they do, they do not necessarily get, although they would deserve more votes. – If they let such spending bills pass, then they get more votes from ignorant, prejudiced and immoral voters! – We have to become free to secede from the whole territorial system and to freely compete with its remaining rump for its remaining statists, through our own panarchies. - JZ, 10.3.09. - FOR BENEVOLENT & CHARITABLE PURPOSES? CHARITY, DOING GOOD -WITH OTHER PEOPLE’S MONEY, TAXATION, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM

PUBLIC GOOD: and by directing that industry in such a matter as (that? – JZ) its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention. Nor is it always the worse for the society that it was no part of it. By pursuing his own interest he frequently promotes that of the society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it. I have never known much good done by those who affected to trade for the public good.” – Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 2/75, p.108. – COMMON GOOD, GENERAL INTEREST? LAISSEZ FAIRE, CAPITALISM, COMPETITION, FREE MARKET RELATIONSHIPS, BUSINESS, FREE ENTERPRISE

PUBLIC GOOD: Are we to understand”, asked the judge, “That you hold your own interests above the interests of the public?” - I hold that such a question can never arise except in a society of cannibals.” - What … what do you mean?” - I hold that there is no clash of interests among men who do not demand the unearned and do not practice human sacrifices.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.449. – UNEARNED INCOMES, HUMAN SACRIFICES

PUBLIC GOOD: Bastiat traced in great detail the assaults upon private property, which had characterized the French Revolution. (*) He pointed out that it had thrown aside all of the genuine guaranties of human freedom and personality, substituting the most brutal repressions in their place. (**) He also reminded us that those repressions were invariable carried out in the name of “the people” (***), as though there could be a public good arising from private wrong.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.148. - (*) Here we should keep in mind that it tried to shake off the numerous feudalist privileges that remained and thus did not clearly distinguish between genuine private properties and royal grants or feudalistic usurpations. - (**) Not even its own limited and all too incomplete declaration of individual rights was abided by. But then most Frenchmen at that time, probably, could not even read it. – They were fobbed off with the famous short slogan (Liberty, egality, fraternity!), which can be and was extensively abused. Just like modern libertarians and anarchists refuse to offer a complete declaration of all individual rights and offer, instead, either only their hyphenated version of anarchism or their notion of property rights instead, as if it would already and clearly enough express all other individual rights and liberties. - (***) Not so different from today. - JZ, 23.2.08, 28.1.14. – PEOPLE, EGALITARIANISM, PROPERTY, FEUDALISM, FRENCH REVOLUTION, TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE

PUBLIC GOOD: Each individual advances the public good, while he only thinks of promoting his own self-interest.” – Baron de Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws. - SELF-INTEREST,

PUBLIC GOOD: government has more of a problem with public goods than the market.” - Daniel C. Burton, Libertarian Anarchism, LA POLITICAL NOTES, No. 168. - GOVERNMENT & THE MARKET

PUBLIC GOOD: How can … a program be for the ‘public good’ when such a program adversely affects me, a part of the ‘public’? I guess some people are just more ‘public’ than others.” – Jack Anderson & Perry Miles, A Constitution for a Moral Government, 1971, p.45. – I believe it has still not been reprinted, although Google offers 87,700 search result references to it. It should be put online or offered as an e-book or as an email attachment for an affordable price or as part of a libertarian library on a disc or by one of the print-on demand publishers. I was never able to get their addresses. If I had, I would at least have microfiched their title in my PEACE PLANS series. This book contains also a very short human rights draft. – JZ, 28.1.14.

PUBLIC GOOD: I do not seek the good of others as a sanction for my right to exist, nor do I recognize the good of others as a justification for their seizure of my property or their destruction of my life.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.452. – ALTRUISM, , HUMAN SACRIFICES

PUBLIC GOOD: In fact, Adam Smith was not content to praise the pursuit of private gain. He also berated citizens’ involvement in public affairs. (*) Right after his Invisible Hand statement he wrote: “I have never known much good done by those who affected to trade for the public good’ (1776, p.423.). Ten years before, Sir James Steuart had supplied an interesting explanation for a similar aversion toward citizens’ involvement in public affairs. “… were everyone to act for the public, and neglect himself, the statesman would be bewildered … were a people to become quite disinterested, there would be no possibility of governing them. Everyone might consider the interest of his country in a different light, and many might join in the ruin of it, by endeavouring to promote its advantages (1767, vol. I, pp.243/44). - C. B. Macpherson, Individualism, in: The New Palgrave: The Invisible Hand, ed. By John Eatwell, Murray Milgate & Peter Newman, W. W. Norton, 1987/89, p.158/59. – Here, too, the exterritorial and voluntary alternatives are ignored. – E.g., nuns and monks might wrong and harm themselves in this respect – but not outsiders. – It is a true statement, for e.g. the party strife and the wars between territorialists, all, supposedly, in the interest of the public but in reality contrary to the moral and rightful interests of most of the populations involved. - (*) That is wrongful and dangerous only under territorialism! – JZ, 24.2.12. – Under voluntarism, panararchism, polyarchism, meta-utopism or competing governments people could only ruin their own affairs not those of dissenting others in other and likewise self-chosen personal law associations and communities. – JZ, 28.1.14. - ALTRUISM, PUBLIC AFFAIRS, POLITICS, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC GOOD: Living one's own life is the best public service anybody could offer. Trying to make others live according to one's own choice is the worst. - T.Z., 77. – Under this false pretence usually territory-wide intolerance and suppression of individual rights and liberties is practised. – JZ, 28.1.14. – COMMON GOOD, PUBLIC INTEREST, NATION-BUILDING, WELFARE STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, POWER ADDICTS & TYRANNY VS. INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES

PUBLIC GOOD: Living the own life is the best public service anybody could offer – trying to make others live the kind of life that one prefers for oneself or that one pretends would be better for them than the one they would freely choose for themselves, is the worst kind of “public service”. – Naturally, the life of criminals with victims and other aggressors exepted. – Territorial politicians are official and professional criminals and aggressors, against peaceful and productive people, but they managed to legalize their coercive actions and obtained even the sanction of all too many of their victims in their “elections”. – JZ, 9.2.77, 25.2.08. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, VICTIMIZATION BY POWER ADDICTS

PUBLIC GOOD: Mr Rearden, the law, which you are denouncing, is based on the highest principle – the principle of the public good. - “Who is the public? What does it hold as its good? There was a time when men believed that ‘the good’ was a concept to be defined by a code of moral values and that no man had the right to seek his good through the violation of the rights of another. If it is now believed that my fellow men may sacrifice me in any manner they please for the sake of whatever they deem to be their own good, if they believe that they may seize my property simply because they need it – well, so does any burglar. There is only this difference; the burglar does not ask me to sanction his act.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged. - TERRITORIALISM, REPRESENTATION, TAXATION, SACRIFICING OTHERS FOR THE OWN PURPOSES

PUBLIC GOOD: Only on the basis of individual rights can any good – private or public – be defended and achieved. Only when each man is free to exist for his own sake – neither sacrificing others to himself nor being sacrificed to others – only then is every man free to work for the greatest good he can achieve for himself, by his own choice and by his own effort. And the sum total of such individual efforts is the only kind of general, social good possible.” - Ayn Rand, Textbook of Americanism, in “The Ayn Rand Column”, revised edition, 1998, p 91, Second Renaissance Books, New Milford, Connecticut, - To each the choice of his own panarchy. - JZ, 18.2.11. - GENERAL GOOD, SOCIAL GOOD, AMERICANISM

PUBLIC GOOD: Paul Samuelson’s favorite example was the lighthouse, until Ronald Coase demonstrated that private entrepreneurs had provided lighthouses for centuries.” – Llewellyn H. Rockwell, The Environmentalist Threat, in Llewellyn H. Rockwell, ed., The Economics of Liberty, Mises Institute, 1990, p.311. - & LIGHTHOUSES

PUBLIC GOOD: political liberty is the only true universal public, common, or collective good, one which makes the pursuance of individual goals, purposes, or goods possible. …” - Tibor R. Machan, reason, 5/72. – Without panarchism political liberty only in form of limited but still territorial governments, is still very incomplete. – JZ, 18.3.08. - To my knowledge, he is not or not yet a panarchist. - Limited governments are all too limited in their liberty and rights notions for their subjects. E.g. they do not grant individuals and groups of dissenters to secede from them. They are still only territorial governments, although the best of this kind. - JZ, 18.2.11, 28.1.14. - TERRITORIALISM, LIMITED GOVERNMENT

PUBLIC GOOD: Q.: Is there any meaning to the phrase, the public good? - A. It is a collectivist term. It is usually used in the effort to sacrifice the individual to the nation. The individual has no obligation to serve the nation. A republic is set up to serve the individual.” – Glen G. Cooper, Contemporary Realism, p.79. - Territorial republics only try to represent or to successfully pretend that they do serve the majority. They cannot represent and also serve all the diverse minorities in a whole population. Their relationship to their subjects is not individualized but collectivized, not voluntary but compulsory. E.g., they do not allow their peaceful dissenters to secede and do their own things. - JZ, 18.2.11. - TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACY, REPRESENTATION, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA

PUBLIC GOOD: that empty, vicious Collectivist slogan which seems so high-sounding to the unthinking: “The public good comes above any individual rights.” – Without individual rights, no public good is possible.” - Ayn Rand, Textbook of Americanism, in: “The Ayn Rand Column”, revised edition, 1998, p.89, Second Renaissance Books, New Milford, Connecticut, - Individual rights include individual secessionism and exterritorial associationism, rights which were not clearly supported by A. R., in spite of the many general statements she made, which point in that direction. Just like she did in her stand on monetary freedom and on free enterprise, where she supported clearly only parts of it, when she upheld only the all too limited monetary freedom of the "gold bugs" and the "heroic" hierarchical employer-employee relationship, as opposed to all self-manangement alternatives. - Is there as yet an anthology that clearly points out all the remaining flaws and omissions in her teachings? She has plenty of uncritical worshippers and followers as their prophet but has she sufficient critical followers, who only uphold what is right in her writings and talks and, thereby, honour her achievements all the more? Instead, most of them act like the people she condemned as “second-handers” rather than as creative and innovative freedom-, justice- and peace-lovers. – They should all try to stand on the shoulders of this giant - trying to reach even beyond her. - JZ, 18.2.11, 28.1.14. - AYN RAND, OBJECTIVISM, AMERICANISM, TERRITORIALISM, LIMITD GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

PUBLIC GOOD: that which the ideology of a given political system dictates.” – Tibor R. Machan, reason, 5/72. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, CENTRALIZATION

PUBLIC GOOD: the ‘public good’ is the altar on which victims are immolated.” – Ayn Rand, The Fascist New Frontier, p.5.

PUBLIC GOOD: The greatest evils hide under actions asserted to be for the public good. – JZ, 16.2.74.

PUBLIC GOOD: The pretence of the lawmakers, that they are promoting the “public good”, by violating individual “rights”, is just as false and absurd as is the pretence that they are protecting “public rights” by violating “private rights”. Sir, the greatest “public good”, of which any coercive power, calling itself a government, or by any other name, is capable, is the protection of each and every individual in the quiet and peaceful enjoyment and exercise of all his own natural, inherent, inalienable, individual “rights”. (*) This is a “good” that comes home to each and every individual, of whom “the public” is composed. It is also a “good”, which each and every one of these individuals, composing “the public” can appreciate. It is a “good”, for the loss of which governments can make no compensation whatever. It is a universal and impartial “good”, of the highest importance to each and every human being; and not any such vague, false, and criminal thing as the lawmakers – when violating private rights – tell us they are trying to accomplish, under the name of “the public good”. It is also the only “equal and exact justice”, which you, or anybody else, are capable of securing, or have any occasion to secure, to any human being. Let but this “equal and exact justice” be secured “to all men”, and they will then be abundantly able to take care of themselves, and secure their own highest “good”. Or if any one should ever chance to need anything more than this, he may safely trust to the voluntary kindness of his fellow men to supply it.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.8. - (*) A job which territorial governments, by their very nature, are unable to do. They are even very far still from merely verbally recognizing all these rights. – JZ, 18.3.08. - GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES CONSTITUTE THE GREATEST PUBLIC INTEREST, COMMON GOOD, NOT THE POLICIES OF ANY TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT, SELF-HELP, SELF-MANAGEMENT, LAISSEZ FAIRE, COMPETITION, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, CONTRACT & EXPERIMENTATION IN EVERY SPHERE, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW, META-UTOPIA, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PUBLIC GOOD: the pretext of the public good is always the most dangerous scourge of the people.” – Rousseau, Discourse on Political Economy, 1755. - PUBLIC WELFARE, PUBLIC INTEREST, COMMON GOOD

PUBLIC GOOD: The public good is in nothing more essentially interested than in the protection of every individual’s private rights.” – William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England, I, 1765.

PUBLIC GOOD: The public good is only the summation of each individual good, so plunder of anyone’s rights immediately diminishes the public good. – LIBERTARIAN DIGEST, Sydney, Nov. 80. - The “public good is only the sum of each individual good. Diminish the individual good by state plunder and regulation, and you diminish the public good automatically.” – Dr. H. L. Soper, LIBERTARIAN DIGEST, May 81. - Ideologies generally ignore the fact that the ‘public good’ is but the sum of each ‘individual good’ and that diminishing one” (the latter) “automatically diminishes the other.” – LIBERTARIAN DIGEST”, Sydney, 2/82.

PUBLIC GOOD: The public good was invented for the bureaucracy’s good. – D.Z., 14.12.78.

PUBLIC GOOD: Whenever people talk about the good of humanity, Tolstoy had said, they are always getting ready to commit a crime.” – Tom Purdon, Reduction in Arms, p.164.

PUBLIC INTEREST: A small minority in any Society (*), if determined and organized, can generally count upon the apathy of the rest and use the nominal authority of the whole for a purpose which the majority, if they troubled at all about the matter, would repudiate.” – Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p.138. – As a thought-example: Ponder a comprehensive government budget and imagine each taxpayer would be free to cross out any budget item that he does not approve of – thereby getting a corresponding tax reduction for himself. What percentage of all government budgets would then remain approved, genuinely based upon “consent”, individually ascertained? The next step might be cutting out all government budget items approved by less then 5 % of the taxpayers. Then increasing this percentage, gradually to fast, to, say, 50 %. How many government activities would then remain? And which ones, if any? – (*) In any territorial State! – JZ, n.d. & 18.2.08. - TERRITORIAL STATES, SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS, LOBBIES, AUTHORITY, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, GRADUALLY INTRODUCED

PUBLIC INTEREST: All “public interest” activity means ultimately, the granting of an arbitrary power to some government official together with a monopoly on the use of physical coercion to enforce his use of that power.” – Mike Stanton, 7.6.75. – It makes possible the power abuses of all the ruling power addicts. – JZ, 28.1.14. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WELFARE STATE, GOVERNMENTALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: All of these interferences with the market are justified as protection of the public interest, but, in fact, they endanger the public interest.” – Milton Friedman, PLAYBOY, 2/73. - TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: All, in the same circumstances, will do the same things; all will call themselves unselfish and be rascals; all will talk of public welfare, and think only of themselves; all will  praise moderation, and wish to be rich as Croesus. …” - Rousseau, The Government of Poland, in F. Watkins edition, p.168. - POLITICIANS, REPRESENTATIVES

PUBLIC INTEREST: any business not in bankruptcy, is “affected, with a public interest” in the sense that some customers (the “public” of that enterprise) find satisfaction in the products supplied.” - R. K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 9/78, p.519.

PUBLIC INTEREST: as the State assumes gigantic dimensions, the individual disappears and the abstraction “public” comes to be of paramount concern. But what is done, “in the name of public interest” by the State, is nearly always against the interests of the individual, since no one matches the artificial profile discovered by averaging everyone. Thus, the control exercised by the government over the individual counteracts and frustrates the individual’s own wishes and harms him at his own expense.” - THE MATCH, June 75, p.4, left, near the top. - TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: As with other terms, however, the phrase “public interest” has undergone a certain corruption at the hands of the illiberal element. Currently the words seem to convey a belief that the public interest overrides any personal or individual interests. Yet, all interests derive from persons. In that sense, all interests are private interests, at least at their genesis.” – R. K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 9/78, p.517. Ibid: All Interests Are Truly Private. – (Sub-heading on the page.) - TERRITORIALISM VS. INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

PUBLIC INTEREST: Ask a man to define the public interest and he will give you a pretty clear definition of his own.” – Richard Needham, 1977. - Let each peaceful individual form or join the "public interest" community or society that he prefers for himself or herself. Panarchism does not demand any more but also not any less. - JZ, 18.2.11. – PANARCHISM, FREE INDIVIDUAL CHOICE, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & FREE ENTERPRISE SOVEREIGNTY EVEN IN THE SPHERE OF PUBLIC SERVICE, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, VOLUNTARISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: by referring to the ‘public interest’ the need for special justification is evaded.” - Tibor R. Machan, “reason, 5/72. - It is even impossible to provide a special justification for each action done, supposedly, in the interest of the public. For each territorial population is much too diverse for that. Individuals must become free to make their own "public interest" choices, in accordance with their own priorities. Freedom to associate and to act under exterritorial autonomy for all kinds of societies and communities of volunteers makes that possible and can end party- and faction-strife and even prevent civil wars and revolutions. - In many spheres we have already realized this individual choice but not yet in those, which States have so far territorially monopolized, leading to much dissatisfaction. - JZ, 18.2.11. – CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & ENTERPRISE SOVEREIGNTY WILL REPRESENT THE RIGHTS & INTERESTS OF “THE PEOPLE” BEST

PUBLIC INTEREST: every time someone urges me to be public spirited, it ends up costing me money to support their pet project.” – M. Bruce Johnson, “reason, 7.74. - TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: government no longer serves the public interest.” – WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, Summer 1975. – I wonder whether territorial governments ever did serve the public’s real general interest, i.e., the recognition and protection of all individual rights and liberties. – I suspect they never did, for even now they have not yet declared and recognized all these rights and liberties. - JZ, 18.3.08, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC INTEREST: He also reminded us that those repressions were invariable carried out in the name of “the people”, as though there could be a public good arising from a private wrong.” – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.148.

PUBLIC INTEREST: How each person ought to live his life he is entirely well-equipped to decide. (*) (Which is one reason why political liberty is a common good.)” – Tibor R. Machan, reason, 5/72. – While “political liberty” remains confined to territorial powers, even when they are only “limited government” ones, it does not yet amount to full political liberty, which is liberty for all kinds of communities and systems in the political, economic and social spheres, i.e. laissez faire, laissez passer in those spheres which territorial governments have so far monopolized. – JZ, 18.3.08. – (*) Are all people already sufficiently enlightened on all their individual rights and liberties and quite free to practise them? I assert that they will sufficiently develop in this direction only under panarchism, each at the own speed. - So far all have only the potential to so. Their abilities and knowledge of all their self-help options cannot sufficiently develop under territorialism. - JZ, 18.2.11. - PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM VS. TERRITORIALISM & STATISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: I am a consumer. But, then, who is not! We are all consumers – every last one of us. And, as such, we have an interest so much in common that consumer interest and public interest are interchangeable terms.” – Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.67. (Chapter 10.) - As a sovereign consumer each adult and rational individual must also have the right to choose or establish the kind of exterritorially autonomous society or community of volunteers that he or she considers to be ideal, at least as their present stage of development and enlightenment and for the time being. - That would be very much in the genuine interest of the public, i.e., of all the population of a whole territory - and of this planet. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC INTEREST: I cannot assent to the view, if it be meant that the legislature may impair or abridge the rights of a free press and of free speech whenever it thinks that the public welfare requires that it be done. The public welfare cannot override constitutional privilege.” (*) – John Marshall Harlan (1833-1911), U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Patterson v. Chicago – (*) individual rights and liberties. Their recognition and practice is the main public interest. – JZ, 28.1.14. - & PUBLIC WELFARE PRETENCES AGAINST RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, LEGALISM, LAWS,  CONSTITUTIONALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: If any endeavor lacks supporters, it must pass from the scene until new support appears. When this concept replaces the doctrine of “public interest”, when the “public interest” shibboleth reveals its true nature, freedom regains its exalted place.” - R. K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 9/78, p.519. - INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, FREEDM OF CHOICE, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: Individual human rights and liberties are in the public interest. Nothing else is.” – JZ, 16.10.76, 18.3.08.

PUBLIC INTEREST: It is a general popular error to suppose the loudest complainers for the public to be the most anxious for its welfare.” – Edmund Burke, 1729-1797. – Quoted in Andrews Quotes, p.249.

PUBLIC INTEREST: It is really in the interest of the general public, i.e., all the people living in a territory and in the world, to deny that any “public interest”, as asserted by the territorial Statists, does really exists and to prove this, as far as possible. What does exist are special interests posing as “public interests”. – JZ, 18.3.08. - SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS, POWER & TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: Motives versus outcome: … economists in the classical tradition have elaborated and refined a technique of market analysis which, we believe, provides a more serviceable guide for the policy than the question-begging assertions about ‘the public interest’ on which the collectivist consensus has relied since the war. If skeptics are to give a fair hearing to the argument that follows, however, an essential pre-condition is to be on guard against the widespread confusion between motives and outcome. It is easy to demonstrate from post-war experience that the most single-minded, even high-minded, dedication to the ‘public interest’ provides no guarantee (should be guaranty, I believe. – JZ) of success. It is more difficult for the layman to grasp that by allowing people generally to act in the light of their own interests, which includes ‘selflessness’ in pursing self-chosen unselfish causes, something more recognizable as the true public interest may emerge.(Underlined by me. – JZ) Thus so long as competition between suppliers prevails in the market, they can advance their chosen interests only by serving that of the consumer. Adam Smith’s famous quotation, from which we have taken our title, is worth pondering afresh.” – R. Harris & A. Seldon, Not From Benevolence …, p.4. - Alas, Adam Smith did not apply this to all of a territorial State's services, imposed as if all of them were really in the interest of all of the public or the whole population, called in spite of its usual diversity, quite wrongly, “the people”. That is only the propaganda pretence of the territorial power mongers. - JZ, 18.2.11, 28.1.14. - RATIONAL SELF-INTEREST, SELFLESSNESS, SELF-CHOSEN

PUBLIC INTEREST: Nearly a century ago Andrew Carnegie said: “The millionaires are the bees that made the most honey, and contribute most to the hive even after they have gorged themselves full.” – SATURDAY REVIEW, 10.7.76. – However, under monetary and financial despotism and other anti-economic territorial impositions only relatively few manage to become rich. Under full economic freedom all could become rich by their own honest and intelligent efforts. - JZ, 18.2.11. - "Release all creative energies!" - Leonard E. Read. - PROFIT, CAPITISTS, WEALTH, INVESTMENTS, RICH PEOPLE, EXPLOITATION

PUBLIC INTEREST: Not only is it not possible to understand by the phrase a reference to everyone, but even reference to the majority is missing. For it is rare, indeed, to find a governmental agency which serves the interest of most of the people. Mostly the interests of a certain industry or group are being served, while most of the people must finance the service being provided.” – Tibor R. Machan, “reason, 5/72. - Under individual secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for societies and communities of volunteers all people living in a territory - or anywhere else in the world - could come to practise among themselves whatever they consider to be in their public interest, at the own expense and risk. - JZ, 18.2.11. – PROTECTIONISM,  TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, WELFARE FOR THE RICH, BAILOUTS

PUBLIC INTEREST: Pro bono publico.” – “For the public good.” - Anonymous Latin saying. - Public wrongs or human sacrifices would be more appropriate terms in most cases. - JZ, 27.11.02. - PUBLIC GOOD, NATIONAL SECURITY, REALPOLITIK, REASONS OF STATE, TYRANNY, DESPOTISM, NECESSITY, COMMON INTEREST, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: Public interest is a myth used by everybody who has dictatorial or exploitative aspirations.” – JZ, 14.1.73, 25.2.08.

PUBLIC INTEREST: Public interest is usually the pretence. Wrongful territorial government intervention is the reality.” – JZ, 19.11.93, 15.2.08, 18.2.11. - GOVERNMENTAL INTERVENTIONISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: Public interest: Whatever momentarily suits the government of the day.” – Ralph Harris, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 12/72. - TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: Public men are those who justify their actions in the name of “the public interest”. They do this in full awareness that, by definition, this must mean that the interests of the public, that conveniently indefinable mass “out there”, will be placed above any and all private interests. What can this mean, ultimately, other than that individuals have no rights? - Private men, on the other hand, hold that the public is nothing, absolutely nothing, but a term covering a group of private citizens; that the rights of these private persons are not to be violated in the name of anyone or anything, call it public or what you will.” - Karl Hess; In a Cause that Will Triumph, The Goldwater Campaign and the Future of Conservatism, Doubleday & Co, 1967. p.44. – If one considers “the public”, “the people”, “the nation”, “the country” as a mere nothing, a false image, a conglomerate of very different people and groups, coercively “united” and, usually, misled, just as if all the other and private associations, clubs, societies, companies etc. were coercively united and misled, then the panarchistic conclusion from this situation becomes obvious: Let all dissenters secede, individually and in groups and do their own things for or to themselves, at their own risk and expense – as long as they do not claim any territorial monopoly for themselves. Only associations of volunteers can be justified. – Territorial monopolism is not to be tolerated for any group, no matter what it calls itself. – Alas, B. G. and K. H. did not arrive at that conclusion. - JZ, 12.9.08. - RIGHTS OF PRIVATE CITIZENS, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA

PUBLIC INTEREST: Public, the, n. The most rapacious of the special interest groups.” – L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon. – "The wolf in the sheep's clothing." - LOBBIES, SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: Salus populi suprema lex.” – “The people's safety is the highest law.” - Anonymous Latin proverb. - All territorial, despotic, tyrannical and authoritarian wrongs were imposed under this camouflage of false pretence. - Billions of lives were sacrificed to it and this form of human sacrifice is still being continued in our supposedly enlightened and civilized times. - In wars, civil wars and violent revolutions all sides fight under the same pretence, to preserve or achieve territorial dominance. - JZ, 18.2.11. - PUBLIC GOOD, NATIONAL SECURITY, “REALPOLITIK”, REASONS OF STATE, TYRANNY, DESPOTISM, NECESSITY,

PUBLIC INTEREST: Since one can understand under the common interest only the interest of all, it suffices when in society even the interests of a single individual are violated. Immediately the common interest is no longer the “interest of all and, consequently, it does not longer exist.” – A. Bellagarrigue, Manifesto. - COMMON INTEREST, COMMON GOOD,

PUBLIC INTEREST: Since there is no such entity as ‘the public’, since the public is merely a number of individuals, the idea that ‘the public interest’ supercedes private interests and rights can have but one meaning: that the interests and rights of some individuals take precedence of the interests and rights of others. – Ayn Rand in  -  Another version: Since there is no such entity as “the public,” since the public is merely a number of individuals, any claimed or implied conflict of “the public interest” with private interests means that the interests of some men are to be sacrificed to the interests and wishes of others. - The Virtue of Selfishness, 88, Ayn Rand – quoted by Asia Barberini from Facebook, 24.3.12, Ayn Rand's status update. – SACRIFICES TO POPULAR SPLEENS

PUBLIC INTEREST: Support your own interests. Don’t force anybody to support yours! – JZ, 13.6.80. – TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT ACTIONS, INTOLERANCE ONLY TOWARDS THE INTOLERANT ONES

PUBLIC INTEREST: Surely, the real public interest IS the private interest of all of us. But this is only possible of effective expression in a state of true freedom, the ‘natural liberty’ …” - E. P. Middleton, in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 2/79. – In this sense one could also say that panarchism is, really, in the public interest, in the best sense. Each would then get what he wants most in this sphere, at least as long as he or she still likes it. Sooner or later even most statists and communists get disillusioned with their “ideal”. – And in the meantime they would wrong and harm only themselves, as volunteers in their self-chosen statists communities. - JZ, 18.3.08.

PUBLIC INTEREST: The “public interest” and “social responsibility” are simply words used to intimidate individuals to surrender their life, liberty and property to the power elite without a struggle. Such rhetoric is often an attempt to make theft, murder or slavery acceptable by creating the illusion of popular support, and by justifying the sacrifice of some men (such as the young, the poor or the politically weak) to others (such as politicians, bureaucrats and their vested interests) on the grounds of social necessity.” – Source? (Sorry, but I failed to jot it down. However, since this is merely the compilation of one, instead of one by thousands or even millions, all such omissions and other errors and mistakes could and should be gradually eliminated by others. – Maybe the collaboration options on Google Drive, with files coming to a total of 15 GBs free storage space, will help to get such a collaboration organized. – It would be too much work for a single person webmaster, as Gian Piero de Bellis can confirm with his voluntarily undertaken chore to put this long file, in its present version, on his website, - Even as a lifelong job for one individual, it could not be done sufficiently. In many large libertarian tasks many libertarians should participate in a sufficiently organized way. At least all such project should be listed together - in one long list online, to help getting enough supporters for each of them, to achieve sufficient division of labour for all of them. - JZ, 28.1.14.) - SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY, TERRITORIALISM, NEW DRAFT

PUBLIC INTEREST: the best interest of the people is a reduction in government. But politics functions on power. (*) The men in government, who are as profit-oriented as anyone else, will act in their own best interest. And that interest to a politician, whether Republican or Democratic (or libertarian), is to get more power to help more people (whatever their expectations) (**) Acquisition of power leads to enlargement, regardless of political promises to redeem.” – Robert LeFevre, in LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Sum. 75. - (*) territorial power! - JZ, 18.2.11. - (**) “to help more people” is just their pretence, to gain more votes and power for themselves. – JZ, 18.3.08. - POLITICS, POWER, POLITICIANS

PUBLIC INTEREST: The expression ‘to secure the public interest, etc.’, hides from us the fact that what is in fact being secured is the interests or wants of some people.” - Tibor R. Machan, reason, 5/72. - The volunteers of diverse panarchies would know what is in their interest and would be free to act upon it. - JZ, 18.2.11. - RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, STATE, "REPRESENTATIVES", POLITICIANS, STATISM, BUREAUCRATS, TERRITORIALISM, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: the forces which naturally operated … led people to tend to the perceived wants of others as a means of furthering their own wellbeing.” – Lauchlan Chipman, QUADRANT, 4/76. - Alas, the perceptions and the honesty of territorialists are all too limited. Territorialism is productive only in producing numerous wrongs and abuses. All, supposedly, in the interest of the "public". - All too often with the sanctions of all too many of its victims. - If dissenters were free to opt out and do their own things among themselves, under personal law, then for them the situation would be radically changed for the better and this almost immediately and for most of the others, later, at least in the long run, for each as soon as he or she wakes up to what is being done wrongly, supposedly in their interest and certainly at their cost and risk. - JZ, 18.2.11. – SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, VOLUNTARISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: The full significance of the views, that all men have an equal right to the pursuit of their interests and that when they exercise this right it works to the public benefit, can only be appreciated in the context of what has usually been believed and done. To say that the ideas of Jefferson and Smith were radical many not expose their full scope. In fact, they laid under siege some of the most deeply rooted and persistent notions that men have held.” - Clarence B. Carson in THE FREEMAN, 4/76. - This is, possibly, as close as he ever came to panarchism. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC INTEREST: the idea of public, as distinguished from individual or group, interests, is a fiction.” – William Archibald Dunning, A History of Political Theories, Recent Times, p.112.

PUBLIC INTEREST: The oldest confidence trick in the world is to identify the interests of a few with those of the whole community and then to seek aid or subsidies for the few, making the rest of the community pay for it.” – LAND & LIBERTY, Nov. / Dec. 73, quoted in PROGRESS, May 74. – TAXATION, WELFARE STATE

PUBLIC INTEREST: the public has no “interest”; groups of individuals have interests. The platitude of “public interest’ merely cloaks the reality of forceful deprivation of rights by those enjoying political power against those lacking such regency.” – Ridgway K. Foley Jr., in THE FREEMAN, June 76, p.374. – TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSION, FORCE, COERCION, TAXATION

PUBLIC INTEREST: The public interest amounts to what is in everyone’s best interest as a member of the community: the defence of individual rights from domestic and foreign aggression.” (*) - Tibor Machan, Liberty and Culture, p.111. - (*)However, territorial governments are the least suitable institutions for the protection of individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 24.8.92. Thus their non-intervention is usually preferable to their intervention. Just compare the bill they have run up in blood, money and destruction to realize their WW II wrongful war aim: unconditional surrender, rather than liberation of the German people from Nazi rule. If they had promised, believably, at least the kind of treatment they did actually provide to West Germany, after 1948, Hitler’s regime might have been overthrown early, without much bloodshed. And if they had done away with monetary despotism and its resulting mass unemployment and inflation, at least after WW I, then the Hitler regime might never have come to power in the first place. But they, too, suppressed monetary freedom experiments and did not recognize all individual rights and liberties and upheld territorial monopolies and protectionism. To that extent they, too, contributed to the establishment of this terror regime and helped to cause WW II. – JZ, 19.2.08. - If panarchism had been fully realized in at least one of the Western countries before WW I, then its example might have been so influential that WW I would never have occurred. - The same is, probably, true for WW II. Most of the other authoritarian regimes would have disappeared, too. But nowhere was a quite rightful system realized or even declared as a war or peace aim. - JZ, 18.2.11. – Under the still all too prominent territorial “non-thinking” statism, even the fall of the Berllin Wall did not lead to the abolition of all territorial borders or frontiers, but, instead, to the build-up of immigration restrictions, largely due to the also persisting monetary despotism, which led to the sales difficulties for labour and for wanted and needed consumer goods and services. – The multiplication of a forced and exclusive currency, usually inflated, is not a good enough substitute for the multiplication of sound and competing currencies, till they reached their limits as equivalents to wanted and needed consumer goods and services, which are ready for sale. – JZ, 28.1.14. - INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS, COMMON INTEREST, TERRITORIALISM, DEFENCE, WAR, DEMOCRACY, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, SOUND INCREASES OF SOUND COMPETING CURRENCIES

PUBLIC INTEREST: The public interest is a myth used by everybody who has territorial dictatorial aspirations or larceny on his mind.” - JZ, 1973, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC INTEREST: The public interest is best served by the free exchange of ideas.” – John Kane. - Free exchanges of ideas must be supplemented by free actions and experiments, not only in work, in technology, in natural sciences, in the arts and crafts, but, especially, in the sphere of political, economic and social systems - by the free choice for individuals among all kinds of governance systems, societies and communities, all without any territorial monopoly. - JZ, 26. 11. 06, 18.2.11, 28.1.14. - FREE EXCHANGE OF OPINIONS & FREEDOM OF ACTION, POLYARCHISM, EXPERIMENTATION, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

PUBLIC INTEREST: The public is merely a number of individuals, so any conflict of “the public interest” with the private interest means that the interests of some men must be sacrificed to the interests of other men.” - Mike Stanton, 7.6.75. - Panarchist choices would prevent all involuntary human sacrifices. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC INTEREST: The safest way to infringe the public interest is to pretend that any statist measure would safeguard it.” – JZ, 20.7.91, 1.4.08. - There is no proof of a benevolent God nor is there any record of successes of territorialism and yet the statist belief in it is still predominant. Most people still believe in great power - in spite of its extremely bad historical and present record. They are still unaware of some of their most important genuine individual rights and liberties and the great self-help options offered by them. - JZ, 18.2.11. - TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PUBLIC INTEREST: The True Meaning of Public Interest: Coercion Writ Large: On the other hand, no such thing as a public interest exists, despite continual use of the phrase. When one utters that pair of words, he means to convey a thought most aptly derived from Munn vs. Illinois: he means that some private, personal, individual interest or value of one or more persons is, in the speaker’s subjective opinion, of such overwhelming importance that all members of society should embrace it as eternal verity and that if any other private, personal, individual interest or value conflicts with the advancement of the first interest, the conflicting interest must be shunted aside, depriving the holder or holders of that second interest of their liberty or right to enjoy and advance the second interest. In plain language, the “public interest” represents a power tool to coerce those who disagree with the idea or subjective value advanced by the statist.” - R. K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 9/78, p.518. - TERRITORIALISM, OFFICIAL VS. PRIVATE PRIORITIES, COERCION VS. VOLUNTARISM, STATISM, DOMINATION VS. PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS FOR VOLUNTEERS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

PUBLIC INTEREST: there are always cliques and factions anxious to keep the public in the dark ‘for its own good’ – a ‘good’ that is seldom far from the interests of the faction advocating it.” – John Wyndham, The Kraken Wakes, p.197.

PUBLIC INTEREST: There is not anything in the world so much abused as this sentence: “Salus populi suprema lex esto.” – John Selden, 1584-1654. – Hyman Quotations, p.296. – esto or est? – JZ - The genuine public interest lies also in letting each panarchy of volunteers do its own things under personal laws. With this kind of competition and experimental freedom progress in all spheres, so far monopolized by territorial States, would be accelerated as much as possible for human beings, without infringing anyone's individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC INTEREST: there is one overriding principle, which occurs over and over again. It is this: when individuals are free to pursue their own interests they will benefit not only themselves but the general public as well.” – Clarence B. Carson, on Adam Smith’s magnum opus, in THE FREEMAN, 4/76. - - “… when men behave economically so as to advance their own interests, the result is also to advance the good of people generally.” – Clarence B. Carson, in THE FREEMAN, 4/75.

PUBLIC INTEREST: To the extent that customers express satisfaction in a product or a service, in continued purchases, the producer serves the “public interest”. To the extent that no customers seek the creations of a business, there exists no ‘public interest’.” – Ridgeway K. Foley Jr., in THE FREEMAN, 9/78, p.516. - The same could be said for freely competing and exterritorially peacefully coexisting panarchies of volunteers. All territorial institutions and laws are against the genuine public interest. - JZ, 18.2.11. – CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY OR SECESSIONISM OR VOLUNTARISM TOWARDS ALL PANARCHIES, POLYARCHIES & COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS

PUBLIC INTEREST: When government talks of acting in the public interest, they mean their own interest.” - Lang Hancock, in Wake Up Australia, E. J. Dwyer (Australia) Pty. Ltd, Sydney, 1970, p.40. - & GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICIANS

PUBLIC INTEREST: Where the state is god and the “public interest” worshipped, individual man will be found bleeding upon the altar.” – Karl Hess, The Lawless State, p.17. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, HUMAN SACRIFICES, TAX-SLAVERY, WELFARE STATES

PUBLIC INTEREST: Whether a practice is contrary to the public interest” (or beneficial to the public) “cannot be left to the opinions of the parties who, in pursuit of their private interests, engage in it.” – Sir Garfield Barwick. - How little political parties represent the population is much better indicated by their low membership than by the votes they may temporarily be able to gather. - Political parties can truly represent only volunteers under exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 18.2.11. - POLITICAL PARTIES.

PUBLIC INTEREST: You must begin by realizing that there is no such thing as “the public interest” except as the sum of the interests of individual men. And the basic, common interest of all men – all rational men – is freedom. Freedom is the first requirement of “the public interest” – not what men do when they are free, but that they are free. All their achievements rest on that foundation – and cannot exist without it. - The principles of a free, non-coercive social system are the only form of “the public interest”. Such principles did and do exist. Try to project such a system. In today’s cultural atmosphere, it might appear to you like a journey into the unknown. But – like Columbus – what you will discover is America.” - Ayn Rand, The Fascist New Frontier, in: “The Ayn Rand Column”, revised edition, 1998, p.111, Second Renaissance Books, New Milford, Connecticut, – - However, under panarchism or polyarchism volunteers are free to try to apply among themselves, whatever they agree upon would be in their public interest, as long as they do so at their own expense and risk only. Among themselves they may then behave as unreasonable and irrational as they want to. That will teach them! And for all their failures they would then have only themselves to blame. – Freedom includes also the freedom not to be free, by one’s own individual choice, as long as one can stand this condition. - JZ, 17.9.07. – Alas, A. R. did not envision this sufficiently and correctly. She even argued against “competing governments” in “The Virtue of Selfishness”, because she remained a limited government advocate, i.e. still a territorialist. Have many of her follower, the “Objectivists”, done any better in this respect and become, at least to that extent, subjectivists and tolerant people or are most of them still only all too fanatic and to little self-thinking followers of her mostly correct but still not sufficiently complete or close enough to perfect ideas? – JZ, 28.1.14. - FREEDOM, FREE SOCIETY, INDIVIDUAL CHOICE & AMERICANISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT PEOPLE, DOING THE OWN THINGS, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & FREE ENTERPRISE, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, CONTRACT & EXPERIMENTATION IN ALL SPHERES, CLAIMED AT LEAST AS A “FOOL’S LIBERTY”

PUBLIC INTEREST: You regard it as ‘in the public interest’ any project serving those who do not pay; (*) it is not in the public interest to provide any services for those who do the paying …” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.974. (*) Add, perhaps: “you pretend that”? – JZ, 8.3.08.

PUBLIC INVESTMENTS: Keynes was wrong. … and according to Faustino Ballvé, he probably knew it before he died. Public investment, if it wouldn’t occur naturally, is mal-investment.” – Terry Arthur, 95 % is Crap, p.211. - NATIONAL FUNDS, PUBLIC SECTOR, INVESTMENTS

PUBLIC LIABILITY ACTS: From what I have heard about them so far, they mainly serve to feed lawyers and insurance companies and impose unjustified burdens and relieve people of their individual responsibility to look out after their own interest and be it only by taking out an accident insurance themselves. They seem to me to be directed against the public interest and genuine rights and to prevent or destroy or harm many otherwise sound business enterprises – by imposing unbearable costs upon them for mistakes that others made. No one can provide full and preventative or indemnifying insurance for all others who commit careless or thoughtless acts on their premises and thereby harm themselves. – JZ, 3.11.03, 31.10.07.

PUBLIC LIFE: Public life is a misnomer. Public lies, public death, public distortion, public prejudices, public prosecutions, public parasitism, public ignorance, public impositions upon individual lives, would be more apt expressions. Who will find or coin and publish the most suitable opposite terms? – JZ, 28.7.93, 18.2.08.

PUBLIC MONEY: Nothing is easier than spending public money. It does not appear to belong to anybody. The temptation is overwhelming to bestow it on somebody.” – Calvin Coolidge. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING, GOVERNMENT BUDGETS, TAX FUNDS, HANDOUTS, GOVERNMENT GRANTS, STIMULUS PAYMENTSM SUBSIDIES, BUYING VOTES

PUBLIC MONEY: Public money is stolen money, and its expenditure is not justified by the “public good” of the program under consideration.” – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.151. – GOVERNMENT SPENDING, SUBSIDIES, HAND-OUTS, BUDGET, TAXATION, WELFARE STATE

PUBLIC OFFICES: No one is fit for public office – for public offices are not fit. – JZ, 8.6.92. – Territorialism cannot satisfy all the inhabitants of a territory. At most it can satisfy some at the expense of others. But it can and does dissatisfy many people, even many public servants. – JZ, 31.3.08. – FITNESS OF PUBLIC OFFICE.

PUBLIC OFFICES: Public office is the last refuge of the incompetent. – Boies Penrose. – Last or early refuge? – JZ, n.d. - Is it the last or the first, after he has grown up and discovered the extent of his incompetence? – JZ, 23.2.08. – One should also take into consideration that under monopolistic and territorial governmentalism, the public services are almost the only ones, who are still hiring, under the unemployment conditions that they have caused. – Since they are not required to be profitable but exist at the expense of the taxpayers and private profit-depending businesses, they can often also offer higher wages and salaries, although only less really earned ones, since on balance they offer only over-priced monopoly services or even disservices. - JZ, POLITICIANS, POLITICS, POWER, PUBLIC SERVANTS

PUBLIC OFFICES: The incompetent with nothing to do can still make a mess of it.” – Source unknown. – BUREAUCRATS, PUBLIC SERVANTS, CIVIL SERVANTS, OFFICIALS

PUBLIC OFFICES: There should be no public offices at all – except among volunteers only. – JZ, 31.3.08. – VOLUNTARISM VS. MONOPOLISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC OPINION: A new public opinion must be created privately and unobtrusively. The existing one is maintained by the press, by propaganda, by organization, and by financial and other influences, which are at its disposal. The unnatural way of spreading ideas must be opposed by the natural one, which goes from man to man and relies solely on the truth of the thoughts and the hearer's receptiveness for new truth.” - Albert Schweitzer, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – Luckily we are no longer depending upon mouth to mouth or mouth to ear or typewriter to letter reader propaganda only. But all of the market institutions to easily market even new ideas and talents have not yet been established and, as this quote shows, has not yet even been clearly seen even by great minds like that of Albert Schweitzer. – JZ, 10.1.08. - ENLIGHTENMENT, TRANSMISSION OF IDEAS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, A GENUINELY CULTURAL REVOLUTION, CD PROJECT, NEW DRAFT

PUBLIC OPINION: A social system, however beneficial, cannot work if it is not supported by public opinion.” – Ludwig von Mises, Human Action, p.861. – Among volunteers, who are like-minded, it can work better than among the whole population of a territory, where, at most, the majority of it does agree on something, but, rarely, if ever, on everything. Thus decisions should be brought down as much as possible to voluntary decision-making only, lastly determined by individual consent to any cooperative or collective system, measure or institution. Like in the market for consumer goods and services, systems work best, if they can somewhat work at all, then only among their voluntary supporters. – JZ, 19.3.08. – Alas, even tyranny and totalitarianism and various degrees of despotism and authoritarianism do all too often still “work” in a fashion and this for all too long, just like e.g. open slavery and serfdom did and, all too widely still, the subjection of women and the omission to declare all individual rights and liberties and to realize them as far as possible. – JZ, 28.1.14. - PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSION, COERCION, DESPOTISM, STATISM, DECENTRALIZATION, VOLUNTARISM, META-UTOPIA, PUBLIC OPINIOIN, ENLIGHTENMENT, EDUCATION, REFUTATIONS ENCYCLOPAEDIA

PUBLIC OPINION: A wise man makes his own decisions; an ignorant man follows public opinion.” – Chinese proverb, quoted by Nizam Ahmad likes a photo. - Capitalism – Facebook, 4.9.13. – IGNORANCE, WISDOM, SELF-THINKING.

PUBLIC OPINION: An opinion, originating from energetic men and spreading, contagiously over the masses, until it is called the dominant opinion.” – Goethe. (“Eine Meinung, von energischen Maennern ausgehend, verbreitet sich kontagioes ueber die Menge, und dann heisst sie herrschend.“) - The active and energetic people spread mostly only prejudiced views that require little thinking and are thus easily adopted, because they seem plausible. Under territorialism they get away with it. Once people have the choice between many diverse panarchies, then they will become more discriminating in their choices, not least because their own subscription funds are involved and they will be looking for bargains offered by competing among those service providers, only those, which they really need or want. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC OPINION: and the public went on a dizzying binge of concern.” – Mark Clifton & Frank Riley, They’d Rather Be Right, p.133. (SF) – Mostly quite on the wrong track, like e.g. the “global warming” enthusiasts. – JZ, 28.1.14.

PUBLIC OPINION: At the beginning of the century, English public opinion cheered an aggressive war to the echo and pelted those who opposed it. Today wars, even if described as ‘police actions’ and conducted under United Nations cover, face a vocal and growing public opposition which may be successfully tricked but cannot be discounted, while the attempt to launch an old-fashioned colonial war in Egypt was defeated by an unprecedented outburst of orderly public opposition.” – Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, p.119, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print and off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. - & WAR

PUBLIC OPINION: Because half a dozen grasshoppers under a fern make the field ring with their importunate chink, whilst thousands of great cattle, reposed beneath the shadow of the British oak, chew the cud and are silent, pray to not imagine that those who make the noise are the only inhabitants of the field, that, of course, they are many in number, or that after all, they are other than the little, shriveled, meager, hopping, though loud and troublesome insects of the hour.” – Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1790.

PUBLIC OPINION: But in a democracy public opinion can rarely be ignored – although at times it can be manipulated by the leaders.” – Scott Edelstein, Saying Goodbye, IF, Oct. 74. - Yes, unfortunately. Only those, who do represent or pretend to represent popular errors, myths and prejudices, get the chance to rule territorially. Enlightened people are largely excluded from territorial governments and subjected to the territorial despotism of the ignorant and prejudiced. – JZ, 19.3.08. – VOTING, LEADERSHIP, DEMOCRACY, REPRESENTATION, MAJORITIES, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, TERRITORIALISM,

PUBLIC OPINION: Calixtus III said that he feared nothing from any hostile powers, for he had 3000 men of letters to rely on.” – Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History, p.85. Compare the saying about the power of the pen over the power of the sword. Alas, most of the intellectuals are in an intellectual war against each other with different principles, ideas and dogmas of their own and antagonistic to those of the others. If they managed to become tolerant not only towards ideas but also tolerant towards tolerant actions and advocated nothing but the tolerant practice of their own ideals, side by side with the tolerant practice of the ideals of others, then, indeed, they might become a mighty force or, rather, a very great influence for peace and progress. But so far only a very tiny fraction of all writers and thinkers has subscribed to panarchism or polyarchism, tolerance for tolerant actions and systems, practised only by and among volunteers on the only basis which makes that possible, namely personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy. If they came to agree on that – each could have his own ideal realized fast, - but only among voluntary supporters. Who could, rightfully, ask for more? - Who should ask for less? - JZ, n.d. & 18.2.11. – As it is, most of them are still only territorial statists and as such all too often even State Socialists or merely Welfare State advocates. When it comes to the “social sciences” then they are the ones who have accumulated and defend more popular errors and prejudices than the man in the street, in all too many, if not most of the cases. – JZ, 28.1.14. - INTELLECTUALS, WRITERS, OPINION-MAKERS, ACADEMICS, PROFESSIONALS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, TOLERANCE

PUBLIC OPINION: Changes in public opinion could be used to promote nuclear disarmament, particularly to help uncover secret nuclear weapons caches. Those protecting them could not keep their secrets for long - if such actions were condemned by the overwhelming majority of the potential victims. These conspirators against our survival would have to live among their future victims and would frequently hear their views. Thus, sooner or later, some members of these conspiracies would betray them. - A public opinion expressed by a well organized, trained and motivated volunteer-militia for the protection of individual rights and liberties would tend to become irresistible. Even an enemy regime's soldiers would tend to rather join it than fight it. Because such a militia would declare and stick only to quite rightful war and peace aims, as opposed to all territorial governments.  Compare, in revolutionary history, the cases in which all armed forces of a regime made common cause with the revolutionaries. - Now we have so many cheap and alternative media that a rapid change of public opinion for the better, even a sufficiently enlightened public opinion, could be achieved, if full and optimal use were made of these media. The mass media tend to merely uphold and spread further the existing popular errors, myths and prejudices - because they appeal to the lowest common denominators. - See: APPEALS, BROADCASTING, CONSENT, CULTURAL REVOLUTION, DECISION, MILITIA, DECLARATIONS, DEMOCRACY, EDUCATION, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF REFUTATIONS, ENLIGHTENMENT, FREEDOM OF ACTION, HUMAN RIGHTS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, MILITIA, OPEN AIR SPEAKING, PEACE DECLARATIONS, PEACE, PEOPLE, PROPAGANDA, PUBLICITY, REFERENDUM, REVOLUTION, RIGHTS, SECESSION, UNILATERAL NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, VOTING, WAR AIMS - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on - CHANGES IN PUBLIC OPINION

PUBLIC OPINION: Collective judgment of new ideas is so often wrong that it is arguable that progress depends on individuals being free to back their own judgment despite collective disapproval.” - W. A. Lewis& FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT OR SECEDE

PUBLIC OPINION: defer never to the popular cry.” – Emerson, quoted in H. L. Mencken, Prejudices, First Series, p.192.

PUBLIC OPINION: Earlier opinion looked primarily to law and government to protect their persons and property from individual criminals, private or public. Modern opinion shows a growing concern with the protection of individuals against the activities of states. The individual to-day is far less menaced by local gangsterism than by the aggression, tyranny, or suppression of rights which he anticipates from the governments of other countries, or of his own.” – Alex Comfort “Authority and Delinquency. A Study in the Psychology of Power”, 1950, 1970, p.83, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print & off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. - STATISM, THREATS OF CRIMES FROM ORDINARY CRIMINALS VS. THOSE FROM STATE OFFICIALS, COMMITTING THEIR LEGALIZED CRIMES, AGGRESSION, FEAR, TYRANNY, RIGHTS ENDANGERED

PUBLIC OPINION: Every man who speaks out loud and clear is tinting the “Zeitgeist”. Every man who expresses what he honestly thinks is changing the Spirit of the Times.” – Elbert Hubbard, Pig-Pen Pete: The Bee. – INDIVIDUALS, INFLUENCE, ENLIGHTENMENT, PUBLIC OPINION, EDUCATION

PUBLIC OPINION: For public opinion works selectively: some governments respond to it (or are removed) while others are virtually immune.” – Owen Harris, QUADRANT, June 75. – Let only those, who subscribe to it, suffer or benefit under it, while all dissenters should be free to suffer or benefit themselves from their own opinions only. – JZ, 19.3.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC OPINION: Government is ‘but a necessary evil’. Decentralized democracy is the answer; in time, even that will become unnecessary. - This emancipation will come about through the gradual conversion of opinion. Godwin was a pacific, if extreme, anarchist. Since public opinion rules all things, ‘the chains fall off themselves when the magic of opinion is dissolved’. Before the spreading initiative of individuals everywhere, the evils of government will fade away. War will be abolished, since it is unreasonable; … He desired to moralize politics. Active, indefatigable, disinterested, the missionaries of Godwinian rationalism would transform society by discussion. (*) Political truth, he insisted, was ascertainable through argument. (**) ‘Can we arrest the progress of the enquiring mind?’ – ‘Intellect has a perpetual tendency to proceed’. (***) - John Bowle, Politics and Opinion in the 19th Century, p.137. - He, too, expected too much from territorialism and was unaware of the exterritorial and voluntary alternatives. - JZ, 18.2.11. - (*) As if experimental freedom were superfluous! - (**) Compare: Digitized “argument mapping” of Paul Monk et al. - (***) Consider that even now all freedom writings are not yet readily accessible to all freedom lovers. – JZ, 23.2.08. - IDEAS, ENLIGHTENMENT, FREEDOM OF ACTION, INITIATIVE, PANARCHISM.

PUBLIC OPINION: Government, in the last analysis, is organized opinion. Where there is little or no public opinion, there is likely to be bad government. – W. L. Mackenzie King – Even the worst governments are all too often and for all too long still backed by public opinion, largely subscribing to territorialism and statism as well as centralized decision-making rather than to individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 23.10.13. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, POPULAR ERRORS, PREJUDICES

PUBLIC OPINION: History knows no social force as potent as an overwhelming popular consensus: a people terrorized, taxed, conscripted or otherwise bullied into saying “We’re fed up”, and removing tyranny. Governments are only as solid as the myths they perpetrate about how necessary they are, myths whose frail foundations have already been exposed. And only mass dissemination of such exposes (*) to the state’s victims is necessary before statist mythology goes the way of religious apologia for inquisitions.” – Don Lavoi, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW. Date? – (*)  exposures? Sufficient and effective refutations? –Alas, so far public opinion amounts largely only to the most popular errors, myths, prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions - not yet efficiently refuted by an encyclopaedia. JZ, n.d & 28.4.13. – TERRITORIALISM, ENCYCLPAEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS OF POPULAR ERRORS, PREJUDICES, MYTHS ETC.

PUBLIC OPINION: I had grown tired of standing in the lean and lonely front line facing the greatest enemy that ever confronted man - public opinion.” - Clarence Darrow, The Story of My Life, p.232 (1932). - An encyclopaedia of the best refutations could come to effectively mobilize the refutations offered by tens of thousands of independent real thinkers. The present Tea Party members, between them, seem rather to combine the most popular errors and prejudices. - Panarchism would combine them, too, - but with all of them practised only among their volunteers, in their own panarchies, thus refuting most of the flawed ideas and principles rather fast, by their failures when practised. - JZ, 18.2.11. - MAJORITY, POPULAR PREJUDICES, ENLIGHTENMENT EFFORTS, CULTURAL REVOLUTION

PUBLIC OPINION: If ever the multitude deviate into the right, it is always for the wrong reason.” - Philip Dormer Stanhope, Fourth Earl of Chesterfield, The Letters of Lord Chesterfield, 1892, p.623. - And yet, when it comes to questions of war or peace, the increase of taxation, direct democratic or popular decision-making would often be more just and sensible than that of the "great leaders" or rulers or politicians. - That is one of the reasons why territorial governments have monopolized such decision-making to themselves. They claim the right to mislead us against our will. - JZ, 27.11.02. - The true and very diverse public opinion could only be expressed by free competition between very diverse panarchies of volunteers, all without a territorial monopoly. - JZ, 18.2.11. - TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC OPINION: If fifty million people say a foolish thing, it is still a foolish thing.” - Anatole France. – MAJORITY DESPOTISM, POPULAR VIEWS & IDEAS, DEMOCRACY, VOTING, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC OPINION: If they say it’s public opinion, beware. Public opinion is simply what everybody thinks everybody else thinks.” - John Laws, Book of Uncommon Sense, PAN, 1995, p.80.

PUBLIC OPINION: In letters to Peter Gilles we find Erasmus writing (in the words of Froude) "in fraternal good humor, advising him to be regular at his work, to keep a journal, to remember that life was short, to study Plato and Seneca, love his wife, and disregard the world's opinion.” - Robin Campbell, in his introduction to the Penguin Classics edition of Seneca, Letters from a Stoic, p.25,

PUBLIC OPINION: In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.” - George Washington - Under territorial rule it cannot be sufficiently enlightened because then all alternatives cannot be freely experimented with among their volunteers. - JZ, 18.2.11. - TERRITORIALISM & STATISM VS. FREE EXPERIMENTATION LEADING TO ENLIGHTENMENT.

PUBLIC OPINION: In this and like communities, public sentiment is everything. With public sentiment, nothing can fail (*); without it, nothing can succeed. Consequently, he who molds public sentiment goes deeper than he who enacts statutes or pronounces decisions.” – Abraham Lincoln, Speech, at Ottawa, Illinois, 31.7.1858. Lincolns is referring to slavery. - (*) With public sentiment all too many “measures” do fail and the public does not - or not soon enough - learn from them. – Let the dissenters secede and do their own things to themselves. The slave owners had the right to secede – but then, so did their slaves! – Experimental freedom for alternative societies, under their own personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy, would tend to enlighten a whole population much faster than any mere verbal enlightenment efforts could, and would already liberate the formerly victimized people. - JZ, 19.3.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM & ENLIGHTENMENT EFFORTS

PUBLIC OPINION: It is equally weak and dangerous to respect public opinion too much or not enough.” – Seume, Apokryphen, JZ tr. of: “Es ist gleich schwach und gefaehrlich, die oeffentliche Stimme zu viel und zu wenig zu achten.” - Whenever it is right then we should pay attention to it. Whenever it is wrong we should ignore it and even be free to separate ourselves from it through individual and group secessions and personal law associations. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC OPINION: It requires ages to destroy a popular opinion.” – Voltaire, 1694-1778. – Especially in the absence of an encyclopedia of their best refutations. - JZ, n.d. - Not so, once we have compiled and sufficiently published an encyclopedia of the best refutations. - JZ, 13.10.02. - Also in the absence of experimental freedom for volunteers under full exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 18.2.11. - POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES, ENLIGHTENMENT

PUBLIC OPINION: It should also be noted, of course, that the public takes its opinions mainly from politicians, editorialists, commentators in press and radio, professors and scientist, the last-named being listened to with undue respect when pontificating outside the sphere of their special competence.” - Lt.-Gen. E. L. M. Burns, Megamurder, 1966, p.179. – Even with the Internet in its present form we have not yet arrived at a sufficiently enlightened public, far less at enlightened governments. – If territorial governments were really enlightened then they would all resign! – JZ, 10.10.08. – Since they aren't, we should all be free to secede from them and do our own things. - JZ, 18.2.11. - ENLIGHTENMENT, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

PUBLIC OPINION: Let me rule myself, according to my opinions. – JZ, 18.8.75. – And let every community of volunteers rule itself under its opinions. – JZ, 19.3.08.

PUBLIC OPINION: Make men wise, and by that very operation you make them free. Civil liberty follows as a consequence of this; no usurped power can stand against the artillery of opinion.” - William Godwin (1756-1836), An Inquiry Concerning Political Justice and Its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness”, (1793) - Let us build that artillery – e.g. in the form of an encyclopaedia of the best refutations and archive of the best ideas, one of the best definitions, the best slogans and the best ways to word enlightenment attempts. - JZ, 13.10.02. – (A clear declaration of all individual rights and liberties might become most important. – JZ, 28.1.14.) How effective, without such and similar tools to speed up the process of enlightenment, were the critics of State Socialism for decades, in the last century? How effective are they now, against all forms of territorial statism? - JZ, 26.11.02. – Other suitable approaches, like e.g. electronic “argument mapping” should not be excluded. An entire and genuine cultural revolution is still needed. – JZ, 10.3.09. – (I described some of its basic requirements in my 2010 digitized book manuscript “New Draft”, which is still not  online, although it is not copyrighted, but only available, free of charge, upon request from me, as an email attachment, zipped down to 306 KBs. – ) Also a practical one, in which societies and communities of volunteers only would all be free to do their own things, exterritorially. Thus, gradually, a much better informed general public opinion would result. - JZ, 18.2.11. - ENLIGHTENMENT, WISDOM, FREEDOM, LIBERTY, KNOWLEDGE, POWER, IGNORANCE, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR PANARCHIES, POLYARCHIES, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS

PUBLIC OPINION: Marx was wrong: religion isn’t the opiate of the masses; in modern America, the drug that keeps us numb, dumb and well-behaved is a belief that we can still make a difference by politely voicing our views to our would be-rulers and owners. – The fact is, every minute you spend writing to your congress person is a minute you don’t spend on useful freedom activity.” - Claire Wolfe, 101 Things to Do ‘til the Revolution, Breakout Productions, Port Townsend, Washington, 1999, rev. ed., ISBN 1-89.3626-13-X, p.? - STATISM, POLITICIANS & RELIGION, MARX, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, PETITIONS, VOTING, DEMOCRACY

PUBLIC OPINION: Mass opinion has acquired mounting power in this century. It has shown itself to be a dangerous master of decisions when the stakes are life and death.” - Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy, A Mentor Book, 1955, p.23. – Also when it comes to economic decision-making or decisions on individual rights and liberties. But only in connection with territorialism. When dissenters are free to opt out and establish their own personal law communities, then the more enlightened communities of volunteers are free to set better examples and thus to spread enlightenment. – When it comes to war and peace decisions, then public opinion is already more enlightened than that of most rulers, whereupon the rulers – for many decades already, first deceive public opinion in order to make it possible for them to engage in a war with at least the pretence of being in the right. – Nevertheless, the decision-making monopoly on war and peace is still upheld in all “democratic” constitutions! - JZ, 11.9.08. – PANARCHISM, MAJORITIES, MASS OPINIONS, MAJORITIES, VOTING, PREJUDICES, SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM.

PUBLIC OPINION: Most great questions or problems are either totally ignored by most people, most of the time, or “answered” or responded to only by the usual popular errors, myths and prejudices, proverbs and slogans. – JZ, 13.4.04. Moreover, when answers are provided or genuinely attempted, then they remain, mostly, as little assembled, published and discussed as e.g. the over 140 crisis theories, the over 130 private human rights declarations, the over 156 wave-energy extraction projects. An ideas archive and information service for ideas and talents, projects and discoveries is urgently needed but not yet sufficiently provided by whatever substitutes for it do already exist. – JZ, 21.10.07. - GREAT QUESTIONS, GREAT PROBLEMS, ENLIGHTENMENT, EDUCATION,  IDEAS ARCHIVE, REFUTATIONS ENCYCLOPAEDIA

PUBLIC OPINION: Most of us are aware of the pitfalls of committee action. The larger the committee, the more confusing and unsatisfactory the results of its decisions. And the largest, most inefficient committee of all is the voting public. History shows that most progress has occurred in spite of public opinion, not because of it.” – Sy Leon, None of the Above, p. 68. - Territorialism establishes the largest and most inefficient committees, governments, bureaucratic departments, parliaments and "the people" in the limited referendum options they are allowed. - JZ, 18.2.11. – Most conferences are also ineffective and over-sized committees. – JZ, 28.1.14. - PROGRESS, VOTING, DEMOCRACY, DECISION-MAKING, COMMITTEES, LEGISLATION, LAWS, PARLIAMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, IDEAS ARCHIVE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW SYSTEMS OF LIKE-MINDED PEOPLE

PUBLIC OPINION: No man is free until he breaks the shackles of public opinion, but the effort to achieve this is so long and strenuous, that he generally dies in the process.” – Paul Eldridge. – PREJUDICES,

PUBLIC OPINION: Not a single “public opinion” exists or should exist and decide, territorially, for all of a population. Anyhow, at most it is only a temporary viewpoint of the majority, more or less informed or misinformed. Instead, each opinion held in public by some, should only be applied within the voluntary affinity groups, communities or societies which subscribe to that opinion, and regarding its own affairs only, i.e., never regarding the internal affairs of other such affinity groups of volunteers. Only wrongful and harmful acts of aggression, crime and intolerance, with victims, outside of the voluntary members of a voluntary communities, should be prevented, resisted or punished. – JZ, 25.2.84, 19.3.08. – E.g. Let the statists, the drug addicts and the abortionists do their own things to themselves (or even to their own unborn children). Any prohibition and suppression attempts will only make matters worse. But try to spread enlightenment and welcome all defectors from such societies and communities. – JZ, 19.3.08. – LAWS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, COMPULSION, IMPOSED UNIFORMITY OR COMPLIANCE

PUBLIC OPINION: Not even governments can long flout public opinion.” – Charles A. La Dow, THE FREEMAN, 11/74. – Alas, all too often they merely practise it and thereby commit numerous wrongs and cause great damages. Where did, so far, a sufficiently enlightened public opinion rule in any territory? – JZ, 19.3.08. - TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC OPINION: Oh, the government will mutter; no doubt about that. And grumble, too. But if we beat this thing, public opinion will crucify anyone who tries to punish us.” – Poul Anderson, The Breeds of Man, p.65. – I believe that this would also apply e.g. to monetary freedom experiments that succeeded in eliminating inflation and unemployment among the participants and this without wronging or harming any non-participant. It would also apply e.g., to the armies on opposite sides, which concluded a separate peace over the heads of their governments, based, perhaps, on quite rightful war- and peace aims, declared in time by any group on either side, long before it came to an armed conflict. Such a declaration has even the potential to prevent a war altogether. – JZ, 31.3.08, 14.1.14. - At least post-facto individual and group secessions and the establishment of personal law societies and communities of volunteers are also like to get the approval of public opinion. - If, e.g., Red Indians and Blacks in the USA seceded and ran some of their on panarchies very successfully, then these would be widely approved and those which failed would tend to be tolerantly accepted and would also tend to eliminate their mistakes rather fast. I doubt that the failure rate among "white" panarchies would be much lower, for they would, most likely, be formed by the most ignorant and prejudiced whites. - The most successful ones would be the libertarian ones, in all their varieties, because they suffer least under e.g. racial prejudices. - JZ, 18.2.11. - IMMUNITY, DISOBEDIENCE, LAW-BREAKING, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM.

PUBLIC OPINION: One should respect public opinion in so for as is necessary to avoid starvation and to keep out of prison, but anything that goes beyond this is voluntary submission to an unnecessary tyranny, and is likely to interfere with happiness in all kinds of ways.” – Bertrand Russell, The Conquest of Happiness. – Quoted in Seldes, The Great Quotations. - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – & INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS OR ANY OTHER IDEAL OR AIM, SELF-DETERMINATION, SUBMISSIVENESS, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUALISM, SELF-GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PUBLIC OPINION: Only a well-informed and expressed public opinion is valuable and, rightfully, powerful. – JZ, 21.7.86.

PUBLIC OPINION: Opinion governs all mankind, like the blind’s leading of the blind.” – Butler

PUBLIC OPINION: Our researchers into public opinion are content that he held the proper opinions for the time of the year; When there was peace, he was for peace; when there was war, he went.” – W. H. Auden, 1907-1973, The Unknown Citizen, quoted in Dictionary of Familiar Quotation, p.22.

PUBLIC OPINION: Pollster, n. One who measures what the public thinks about something it doesn’t think about.” – L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon. – POLLS, JOKES

PUBLIC OPINION: Popular opinion is the greatest lie in the world.” - Thomas Carlyle.

PUBLIC OPINION: Public opinion can rightfully direct only the actions of those who share it and of those, who interfere with voluntary actions, associations and exchanges or other individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 11.2.73, 25.2.08. - To the extent that this is true, public opinion, sufficiently enlightened, would be directed mostly against most of the actions of territorial governments. – JZ, 25.2.08, - PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM

PUBLIC OPINION: Public opinion exists only where there are no ideas.” – Oscar Wilde. – IDEAS.

PUBLIC OPINION: Public opinion is a compound of folly, weakness, prejudice, wrong feeling, right feeling, obstinacy, and newspaper paragraphs.” - Sir Robert Peel, 1788-1850. – “Public opinion is a mixture of foolishness, weakness, false and correct opinions, obstinacy and newspaper articles.” – Peel, retranslated by JZ from: “Die oeffentliche Meinung ist eine Mischung aus Torheit, Schwaeche, Eigensinn und Zeitungsartikeln.” –– At least it is of some interest to me how close I come with my attempts to retranslate a German version in to the original English one. – JZ, 21.3.09. - Let the adherents to different branches of public opinion sort themselves out, one by one and then, together with like-minded people, do their own things among themselves, under full exterritorial autonomy. Thus, with thousands of new experiments, all only undertaken among volunteers and at their risk and expense, experience, knowledge, understanding, principles and mutual tolerance would be greatly advanced and the overall progress made as fast as possible for human beings. - JZ, 18.2.11. - IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, FOOLISHNESS, STUPIDITY, MISINFORMATION, MASS MEDIA, NEWSPAPERS, PRESS, VOTING, POLITICIANSNEWSPAPERS

PUBLIC OPINION: Public opinion is a jurisdiction which a reasonable person should not (*) recognize, but also never completely reject.” – Chamfort. (“Die oeffentliche Meinung ist eine Gerichtsbarkeit, die ein vernuenftiger Menschen nie anerkennen, aber auch nie ganz ablehnen soll.“) - (*) fully – The public opinion in territorial States will greatly differ from the various kinds of public opinion that will exist in very diverse panarchies of volunteers. Territorially a common public opinion cannot really exist. At most the majority agrees on a particular subject. – JZ, 21.3.09.

PUBLIC OPINION: Public opinion is that political power which in democracy does certainly prevent the worst. With the same certainty it prevents the best.“ – Helmar Nahr. – (“Die oeffentliche Meinung ist jene politische Macht, die in der Demokratie sicherlich das Schlimmste verhindert. Mit derselben Sicherheit verhindert sie das Beste.”) - Has it prevented the MAD: (Mutual Assured Destruction) policy, which existed for decades and, to some extent, exists still today? Has it prevented inflations and mass unemployment and the rise of totalitarian and dictatorial regimes? – JZ, 23.2.08. – DEMOCRACY, ENLIGHTENMENT

PUBLIC OPINION: Public opinion, a vulgar, impertinent, anonymous tyrant who deliberately makes life unpleasant for anyone who is not content to be the average man.” – Dean W. R. Inge, 1860-1954, Outspoken Essays, Series I, Our Present Discontents. – Andrews Quotes, p.376. – C. Bingham, Men & Affairs, p.198.

PUBLIC OPINION: Public opinion, an attempt to organize the ignorance of the community and to elevate it to the dignity of physical force.” – Oscar Wilde, 1854-1900. – Andrews Quotations, p.376. – To the extent that this is true, it must be resisted and fought. An attempt must be made to organize the knowledge within the world-wide community and to give it the dignity of a great spiritual force. – JZ, 27.5.78. (See under IDEAS ARCHIVE.) – More importantly, to give it full expression under experimental freedom for communities or societies of volunteers, operating only under their own personal laws. - What is dignified about physical force, except its use, whenever necessary, in the defence of individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 19.3.08. – IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, MILITIA, IGNORANCE, HUMAN RIGHTS, KNOWLEDGE

PUBLIC OPINION: Public social sense, which transcends frontiers, is a fact, and it persists, but it has so far failed to restrain local (*) governments from aggressive actions. Who is to repress the world authority when it, too, falls into the wrong hands?” (**) – Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A Study in the Psychology of Power”, 1950, 1970, p.85, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print and off the Web for all too long. – (*) national and territorial governments. - JZ, 15.5.06. - (**) An ideal international militia federation for the protection of all genuine individual rights and liberties. Still to be established, just like the best and most complete declaration of individual rights and liberties has still to be compiled and declared. - Just like territorial governments should become dissolved by competing or voluntary governments, all of volunteers only and limited to exterritorial autonomy, so every world government should be kept in check by competing world governments and world federations, all exterritorially confined to their own volunteers. - JZ, 18.2.11. - GOVERNMENTS, AGGRESSION, WAR & WORLD-GOVERNMENT, WORLD FEDERATION, WORLD STATE, Q., VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

PUBLIC OPINION: Seek as one will, there is not substitute for an informed and enlightened public opinion. It is the only remedy.” (*) – Bastiat, Sophisms, p.139. - That might be true for territorial politics, but also only within rather narrow limits, since that kind of politics prevents sufficient enlightenment to occur. Opportunities for enlightenment, to achieve an enlightened public opinion, should not be confined to freedom of expression and information opportunities only. They must include freedom for tolerant actions and experiments, too, i.e. for exterritorial and autonomous communities of volunteers. Under that liberty all or the majority do not have to be sufficiently enlightened first of all. A few enlightened minorities, doing their own things, will then, almost automatically and sufficiently enlighten the others, by their successful examples. Since enlightenment is at first only achieved by individuals and minorities, this is the natural and effective way for them to advance their views. And it is the only rightful one. - JZ, n.d. & 14.1.93, 20.9.04, 28.1.14. – (*) That is at most true only under territorialism. But precisely under it general enlightenment of public opinion is most difficult to achieve if not altogether impossible. But what can be achieved or is done almost as an automatic self-help measure or reaction to the existing flawed public opinion and its outputs is the considerable enlightenment of at least some minority groups on some aspects. What is then needed is merely freedom for these groups to apply their degree of enlightenment among themselves. From them it has then a good chance to spread to almost all others. Ideas have no territorial borders. And then there would not even exist any territorial borders any longer. Even their close-by former opponents would then tend to judge them largely by means of the successes of the ideas in their application among volunteers. – JZ, n.d. & 20.2.08. . – A fully or sufficiently enlightened public opinion has so far no more existed than a fully free economy, a quite genuine justice system, permanent peace, a quite free society, an ideal militia for the protection of individual rights and liberties and a declaration of all these rights and liberties. – JZ, 10.4.08, 28.1.14. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, EXPERIMENTAITION, CONTRACT & ASSOCIATION, PERSONAL LAW

PUBLIC OPINION: So government grows immune to popular control. We’re reversing public opinion’s historic role. Federal programs aren’t developed to provide what people want. People are sold on supporting the executive product. The executive advertises directly to the public in the press to create a demand for government action, and the reporters, concentrated in Washington, assume that no government action means no action at all. The Opinion Research Corporation says: “U.S. citizens can be led to embrace the welfare state, but they don’t demand it.” So long as people don’t violently object to a specific, the executive goes implacably on. …” - Richard C. Cornuelle, Reclaiming the American Dream, A Vintage Book, p.78. - We should confront this territorialism with all the exterritorial autonomy options for volunteers. Then it support would shrink fast, just like e.g. the postal monopoly would shrink fast under freedom for its competitors. - JZ, 18.2.11. - DEMOCRACY, POLITICS, PEOPLE, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL COMPETITION BY VOLUNTEERS IN EVERY SPHERE

PUBLIC OPINION: The basis of our governments being the opinion of the people, the very first object should be to keep that right; and were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. But I should mean that every man should receive those papers and be capable of reading them.” - Thomas Jefferson, letter to Edward Carrington, January 16, 1787. - The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, ed. Julian P Boyd, vol. 11, p.49 (1955). - He, too, had his delusions on "the" people and "the" newspapers and "the" media. - For each the own suitable and affordable media, as well as for each the own governance system or society of his or her dreams. The printing press and newspapers printed on paper have never as yet fulfilled all the hopes, expectations and predictions associated with them. Affordable, powerful and lasting alternative media could or might. But most people do still quite habitually ignore them or are prejudiced against them. - JZ, 26.11.02. - Now imagine all media freely competing not only with their ideas and opinions, and in all alternative media, but also in practice, by freedom for its subscribers to apply their ideas and opinions among themselves, at the own risk and expense, under full exterritorial autonomy. That option should be able to gain the support of all media and thus it could become realized rather fast. - JZ, 18.2.11. - PEOPLE, NEWSPAPERS, GOVERNMENTS, MEDIA, ALTERNATIVE MEDIA, ALL TO BECOME FREE TO ESTABLISH & RUN THEIR OWN PANARCHIES OR POLYARCHIES, UNDER FULL EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

PUBLIC OPINION: The force of public opinion cannot be resisted when permitted freely to be expressed. The agitation it produces must be submitted to.” - Thomas Jefferson. - Public opinion should have no more power than to realize those tolerant experiments which it favours among volunteers. It should not be granted the authority, e.g. by special legislation, to outlaw those tolerant experiments which it does not like but which other volunteers still like for their own affairs and do practise quite voluntarily, under full exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 11.2.02. - Voters should not only be enlightened but also armed, trained and organized to uphold their individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 10.3.09. – We might then get something like a permanent Olympic Competition for all attempts to set up ideal societies and communities, all, naturally, only by and for volunteers and under personal law. - A meta-utopia (Nozick) for all utopias. - That would take the wind out of the power struggles of the territorialists, which now threaten the whole of mankind. - At last fully free competition in all spheres so far monopolized by territorial governments. It would offer us the same advantages which free experimentation has already offered us in all other spheres. - JZ, 18.2.11. - MILITIA, FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION IS NOT ENOUGH, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, CENSORSHIP, MAJORITY, DEMOCRACY

PUBLIC OPINION: The governors have nothing to support them but public opinion. The Sultan of Egypt or the Emperor of Rome might drive his harmless subjects like brute beasts, against their sentiments and inclinations; but he must at least have led his mamelukes or praetorian bands like men, by their opinion.” – David Hume, Essay on the First Principles of Government, 1741-42, in Essays Moral, Political and Literary, modern edn. OUP, 1963. – Compare my own article: Why is it so hard to replace public opinion by truths? – in PEACE PLANS 20. – JZ

PUBLIC OPINION: the greatest of all liberties – the freedom not to let oneself be guided through public opinion but through the own private opinion – against some, or many or all.” - Leopold Kohr, Weniger Staat, S.67. - This could unite most people against the remaining criminals with involuntary victims and against all the territorial aggressors. - Consider religious tolerance as the main successful precedent for it, wherever it was introduced. - JZ, 18.2.11. - PRIVATE JUDGMENT, PRIVATE JUDGMENT, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONISM, PEACEFUL COMPETITION & COEXISTENCE IN ALL SPHERES, NONCONFORMISM, INDIVIDUALISM

PUBLIC OPINION: The influence which religious motives formerly possessed is now in a great measure exercised by political opinion.” – Lord Acton, The History of Freedom and Other Essays, Political Thoughts on the Church, quoted in G. Seldes, The Great Quotations. – The same cure applies to the political, economic and social religions or ideologies: Exterritorial voluntarism. - JZ, 18.2.11. - RELIGION, TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE

PUBLIC OPINION: The loss of responsibility has perverted public opinion.” – Bastiat, quoted in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.163. – In exterritorially autonomous communities formed by volunteers only, doing their own things for or to themselves, responsibility will be placed only upon like-minded volunteers, who are then and there responsible for their own choices, actions and their consequences. – In territorial States the results of irresponsible laws and actions do, usually, becomes another burden upon the general tax payers and subjects and the guilty power mongers are in most cases not held responsible and those wronged and harmed are not indemnified. - JZ, 19.3.08, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC OPINION: The pressure of public opinion is like the pressure of the atmosphere; you can’t see it – but, all the same, it is sixteen pounds to the square inch.” – James Russell Lowell, Interview with Julian Hawthorne. – Quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations. - It cannot be fully united and released under territorialism but under exterritorialism and its volunteers it could be. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC OPINION: The prevailing idiocies, delusions, and impossible dreams of the people, collectively.” – L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon. - They would rapidly collapse under full freedom to realize them among their volunteers and under fully free competition from successful experiments by enlightened or at least somewhat more enlightened other groups, all doing their own things. They would soon collapse and go bankrupt like flawed businesses or be continued only as the obscure sects of a few, ready to suffer anything for their ideal among themselves. After all, we had even flagellants in religious history - but how many would join them now? - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC OPINION: The Public is an old woman. Let her maunder and mumble.” – Thomas Carlyle, 1795-1881, in Andrews Quotations, p.376. - As long as all other people become free to do their own things. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC OPINION: The public is usually a few generations behind in its social science knowledge. – JZ, 25.3.80. – This applies only if the public is considered as a single collective or majority dominated body. That this is untrue would become immediately clear as soon as dissenting individuals and minorities become free to opt out and free to try out all the advanced or out-dated ideas that they hold - among themselves, always only at their own risk and expense. What works in science, technology, culture and individual lifestyles would work for political, economic and social systems as well – under full exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. – JZ, 28.3.80, 19.3.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PROGRESS

PUBLIC OPINION: The really wrongful and harmful things are largely ignored. (e.g., legal tender, territorialism, radiation hazards, nuclear war threat, monopolies) while imagined dangers (e.g. anarchy, free migration, capitalism, aggressiveness of men, global warming through CO2 emissions) are feared and lead to repressive measures, while others, like war, aging, death, territorialism and taxation are taken for granted. – Individual sovereignty leading to individual secessionism are keys to our exterritorial and voluntary, individually chosen futures under panarchism. - JZ, 14.1.84, 19.3.08, 18.2.11, 28.1.14. – PREJUDICES, IGNORANCE, EDUCATION, MASS MEDIA, ENLIGHTENMENT, WAR, DEATH TAXATION, AGING, EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, PROGRESS

PUBLIC OPINION: The second king, succeeded in 1713 and died in 1740. He is the Peter the Great of Prussia. (*) For him, the whole secret of government is the increase of power at home. His idea was that monarchy cannot be too absolute. It requires to be wisely administered; but it does not require to be limited. Concentration cannot be too intense. No enemy outside is so dangerous as public opinion within. He announced that he would establish his power on a rock – “un rocher de bronze”. - Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History, p.271. - (*) He was Frederick William I, and I never saw him described as a “great” king. His son was. – Underlining by me. – That underlined opinion applies as well to somewhat enlightened public option towards absolute power as to the still all too unenlightened public opinion towards full liberty. The general public opinion or whole population of a territory cannot be sufficiently enlightened at once. But minorities can be, or, rather, can enlighten themselves. Panarchism makes use of their enlightenment for applying it at first only to them, arousing thus a minimum of opposition against it and then lets its spread taking is voluntary and natural course - via voluntary acceptance, man by man, group by group, community by community. - JZ, 20.2.08.

PUBLIC OPINION: The term ‘opinion’ has been most consistently used in this sense by David Hume, particularly in Essays, loc. Cit., Vol. I, p. 125: “It may be farther (*) said that, though men be much governed by interest, yet even interest itself, and all human affairs, are entirely governed by opinion’ and ibid, p 110: ‘As force is always on the side of the governed, the governors have nothing to support themselves but opinion. (**) It is therefore on opinion only that government is founded; and this maxim extends to the most despotic military government as well as the most free and popular.’ – It seems that this use of the term ‘opinion’ derives from the great political debates of the 17th century; this is at least suggested by the text of a broadside of 1641 with an engraving by Wenceslas Hollar (reproduced as frontispiece to Vol. I of William Haller (ed.), Tracts on Liberty in the Puritan Revolution 1638-1717, New York, 1934) which is headed ‘The World is Ruled and Governed by Opinion’.” - F. A. Hayek, The Confusion of Language …, p.21, footnote 1. – (*) further? - (**) uninformed or misinformed public opinion. – JZ, 19.3.08. - That could be changed around, fast, with modern communication and information storage options. - JZ, 18.2.11. - OPINION, PREJUDICES, MYTHS, PEOPLE, GOVERNMENT, POWER, STATISM, IDEAS

PUBLIC OPINION: There are times when public opinion is the worst of all opinions.” - Nicolas Chamfort, Gedanken und Maximen, S.16. - Who is to be blamed for that, seeing modern information storage and communication options? Perhaps those, who merely complain about it instead of doing something about it. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC OPINION: There is no nonsense so arrant that it cannot be made the creed of the vast majority by adequate government action. - Bertrand Russell – GOVERNMENT PROPAGANDA

PUBLIC OPINION: Those who are convinced that the market system is uniquely capable of mobilizing and developing the resources available to a society in a matter able most faithfully to reflect the wishes of its members, while it protects and nourishes their political and economic liberties, …” - Israel M. Kirzner, Why Capitalism Is Hated, Feared and Despised, THE FREEMAN, 12/74. – He should have continued: “should voluntarily associate, under personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy and thus practically demonstrate, how well it works, rather than trying to impose it, by laws, upon a dissenting majority of statists in the population of a whole territory, even if that attempt is merely tried by what its supporters call a “limited” and rightful government, although as a territorial government it is still an all too unlimited one. – JZ, 19.3.08.

PUBLIC OPINION: Those who corrupt the public mind are just as evil as those who steal from the public purse.” – Adlai E. Stevenson. - Who is to decide? Let the voluntary customers of politicians decide. Then they can corrupt only their followers and most of these not permanently. For then they will have to back up their words and promises with deeds, at the expense and risk of their followers, who want to see results for their money and labour input. - To each demagogue his own crowd of voluntary victims! - JZ, 25.11.06. - & ITS CORRUPTION

PUBLIC OPINION: To say that the consensus rests on solid opinions by as much as one per cent of the population is probably an exaggeration.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.144/45. - The exterritorial, voluntary and experimental freedom alternative would set all ideas and opinions in march, to the extent that they can be applied to their true believers only. Those with all too flawed ideas would then not get very far with many followers for a long time. - They could no longer blame scapegoats, since they would proceed with unanimous support. - JZ, 18.2.11. - COMMON KNOWLEDGE, CONSENSUS

PUBLIC OPINION: We are all of us, more or less, the slaves of opinion.” - William Hazlitt. – Nevertheless, we do have the right to live in accordance with our opinions – at the own risk and expense. – Panarchism! – The fool’s liberty is the equivalent to the wise man’s liberty. – Both have the right to do their own things! - JZ, 10.3.09.

PUBLIC OPINION: We do not know as yet, from experience, how powerful a public opinion could be that fully knows and uses all individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 31.3.08, 18.2.11. - At least within exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers this kind of knowledge could be applied fast, among their first volunteers. They could bypass the ignorant and prejudiced and do their own things. On that basis they could have even statist true believers as their allies. For these are split into uncounted factions as well. "To each the government or non-governmental society of his or her choice!" A very attractive and disarming proposal, once one comprehends it. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC OPINION: What can we do about our “over-governed society”? First, says W. Allen Wallis, perceive public opinion as the root of the problem, not ignorant or malevolent legislators. Then educate and communicate. Finally – and this may be his most challenging prescription – “discriminate in financial support between organizations, institutions, and individuals that are part of the problem and those that have a potential for doing something about it.” – William H. Peterson, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – As if territorialism, with its suppression of individual and group secessionism and of free experimentation among volunteers, under personal laws, would have to be continued indefinitely. – JZ, 19.3.08. – Dissolve the territorial monopolies and their coercion of dissenters - via exterritorial competition from communities and societies of volunteers. It offers something attractive to almost everybody, from anarchists of all types to statists of all types, with the exception of all unrepentant territorialists and other criminals and aggressors. - JZ, 18.2.11. - ENLIGHTENMENT & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

PUBLIC OPINION: What forests of laurel we bring, and the tears of mankind, to those who stood firm against the opinions of their contemporaries!” – R. W. Emerson, 1803-1882, Andrews Quotes, p.301. – (*) Not only should wrong opinions and ideas be confronted by better ones but also wrong actions, systems and governments, by free and better actions, systems and self-management or governance among volunteers, under personal laws or full exterritorial autonomy. Then the better- informed men have a very good chance to win. It would be greatly increased by a comprehensive declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties and a proper militia organization to uphold them among those, who do already appreciate them. - JZ, 18.2.11. – (*) Usually only after their death! – JZ, 28.1.14. - IDEAS, PROGRESS, PIONEERS

PUBLIC OPINION: what is called public opinion, instead of being the united opinion of the whole community (*) is usually nothing more than the opinion or voice of the strongest interest or combination of interests, and not infrequently of a small but energetic and active portion of the whole.” (**) - John C. Calhoun, A Disquisition on Government, C. G. Post edition, p.58. - (*) A constitutionalized, legalized and juridically determined fiction! - (**) Thus only the public opinion of each community of volunteers should count for it, as long as it respects the individual rights and liberties of members of other communities of volunteers. - JZ, 1.10.07, 11.3.09. - Public opinion on any subject and in any territory does, actually, embrace a whole spectrum of different opinions – but all with different numbers of supporters. It is wrong to speak of just one public opinion on one subject. At most it is the dominant or most popular one. – JZ, 16.6.13.

PUBLIC OPINION: When expressing opinions on social science affairs, most people employ even less insight and foresight than they use e.g. in games of chess, i.e., they look at most only one or very few moves ahead. Worse still, they play the social science opinion game without even knowing and appreciating the basic rules of genuine social sciences, while in chess they do know at least the basic moves. And from chess and other games they have wrongly concluded e.g. that most people have to be mere pawns and sacrificial animals in the hands of others, the great leaders, movements, parties or ideologies that are territorially dominant – and that there are only zero sum games. – JZ, 28.6.87. - At least by now we have more powerful enlightenment tools than ever before and already experimental freedom for volunteers in so many other spheres. As my friend Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, often said: 90% of the job is already done. It is our job to tackle the last 10%. - JZ, 18.2.11. - LEADERSHIP, SUBJECTS, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC OPINION: When misguided public opinion honors what is despicable and despises what is honorable, punishes virtue and rewards vice, encourages what is harmful and discourages what is useful, applauds falsehood and smothers truth under indifference or insult, a nation turns its back on progress and can be restored only by the terrible lessons of catastrophe.” – Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone. – Australia has now concentration camps for illegal immigrants! – Luckily, the catastrophes due to territorialism can be ended and prevented for the future through the introduction of exterritorial voluntarism and its free experimentation among volunteers, with their chances to achieve progress as fast as it occurs in the natural sciences and in technology. - JZ, 18.2.11. - IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, PEOPLE, VOTING, LEADERSHIP, PREJUDICES, LAWS, PROTECTIONISM, PROFIT, PROGRESSIVE TAXATION, DEMOCRACY, POLITICIANS

PUBLIC OPINION: When the people have no other tyrant, their own public opinion becomes one.” - When the people have no tyrant, their own public opinion becomes one.” – Lord Lytton. – Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1803-1873, Ernest Maltravers, VI. in Andrews Quotations, p.376. – Also in Seldes: The Great Quotations. - Even while public opinion is strong and wide-spread, dissent, non-conformance and free experimentation should be made possible for those, who disagree with it. The territorial State model largely prevents that. Exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities and personal laws for them would make that possible. - JZ, 25.11.06. - How many hundreds of millions more people have to die from wars, civil wars, revolutions and terrorism or under police States, until their main cause, namely territorialism, is finally recognized as nothing but a very popular and very dangerous prejudice? Even that other very dangerous popular prejudice, namely the notion of “collective responsibility” is very closely linked to the territorialist prejudice – with a country’s or a State’s colour on a map, representing, for the thoughtless masses, including all too many “intellectuals”, a collective “enemy”. – JZ, 4.1.08. - Let the people sort themselves out into communities of volunteers, under personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy and then and thus peacefully compete with each other, hoping that the own panarchy will become the most popular one. – JZ, 10.3.09. - Once individuals and minorities in "the" people become free to secede and start their own and very diverse peoples, under full exterritorial autonomy, then the enlightened ones get the chance to set shiny and attractive examples, while the still under-informed and prejudiced ones could only continue with their deterrent examples among themselves. With all then having consumer sovereignty in this sphere, I feel sure that most people will then make better choices for their own future rather soon, one by one. - The systematic territorial dumbing down, to the lowest common denominator will be ended. - No more compromises with fools, idiots and criminals will be required. Each and every adult will have a decisive vote for the own future. - He will also be free to change his mind later, when he finds something even better for himself. - He will thus get the car or other transport into his own future of his own choice. No old bomb or lemon can then any longer be forced upon him in the political, social and economic sphere. In it he will have the same freedom of choice which e.g. the tourists already have regarding their destinations. - JZ, 18.2.11. - TYRANNY, CHOICE, OPTIONS, VOLUNTARISM, POLYARCHISM, PEOPLE, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, TYRANNY, PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, PREJUDICES - POPULAR ONES, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

PUBLIC OPINION: Where intellectuals have played a role in history, it has not been so much by whispering words of advice into the ears of political overlords as by contributing to the vast and powerful currents of conceptions and misconceptions that sweep human action along.” - Thomas Sowell - A sufficient number of sufficiently enlightened intellectuals may still have to be developed and their intellectual output has still to become sufficiently sorted out and also combined in effective enlightenment tools of a considerable variety. - See e.g. my Jan 2010 book draft: "New Draft", which I offer as an email attachment, until it appears online or on a disk. It is reviewed by Gian Piero de Bellis on - It sums up most of my program for a genuinely cultural revolution to speed up the process of enlightenment. - JZ, 18.2.11. - INTELLECTUALS

PUBLIC OPINION: Why this wholesale divorce from personal conscience, this shameless acceptance of mass ignorance as our Director of Doing?” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.108. – VOTING, DEMOCRACY, POPULAR PREJUDICES, MAJORITIES, TERRITORIALISM VS. TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY UNDER PERSONAL LAW

PUBLIC OWNERSHIP: Public authority can own, but it cannot make. (*) It only owns what it can extract by force from the individual who does the making. Public ownership, therefore, acts as a discouragement to those invaluable citizens who are by nature makers of wealth, and encourages the incompetents, the parasites, the passengers, the incapables and the pauper minded. – I have said that before you can own wealth or property, it must be made, but there is a third consideration – it must be cared for, preserved, maintained, and guarded from depreciation. – A public authority, which has confiscated – for all taxation is confiscation – which has confiscated wealth, values it so lightly and cares to little for it, that it will throw it away on the slightest provocation. – The civilization of each generation through the whole of history has rested upon the private property made, owned and cared for, by the previous generation. There is not exception to this universal and age long experience.” - Sir Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p.221. – In the best forms of cooperative production -and in cooperatively provided consumer services - private property rights are also recognized and realized, in a more extensive and more decentralized way than by the mere employer-employee relationship. – JZ, 18.2.08. - (*) Or economically produce, with its own property. Nothing it controls is really its own property only. – JZ, 18.2.08. - PROPERTY, NATIONALIZATION, STATE SOCIALISM, STATE CAPITALISM

PUBLIC OWNERSHIP: Public ownership is a myth; it is in fact non-ownership.” – Robert J. Smith, Earth’s Resources: Private Ownership vs. Public Waste, p.9. – OWNERSHIP, PRIVATE VS. PUBLIC

PUBLIC OWNERSHIP: What is “public” ownership”? Is it not in practice the control of property by persons wielding political authority? If capital has the capacity for exploitation, cannot these persons use it to better themselves at the expense of others?” – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.402. - NATIONALIZATION, STATE SOCIALISM, MARXISM, CAPITALISM, PRIVATE PROPERTY, NO MONOPOLY AT ALL, LEGALLY GRANTED PRIVATE MONOPOLIES & COMPREHENSIVE STATE MONOPOLISM.

PUBLIC POLICY DEBATE: I’ve always believed that the ‘public’ should be included in the public policy debate. After all, it’s the public that suffers the consequences of the policymakers’ decisions.” – Edward H. Crane III. – Panarchies of volunteers only do offer unlimited opportunities and varieties for the participation of their volunteers in their public affairs. – JZ, 21.3.09, 18.2.11. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, TERRITORIALISM, PARLIAMENTS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, PARTICIPATORY DEMOCRACY, GOVERNMENTALISM VS. THE PUBLIC, INCLUDING ITS INVOLUNTARY VICTIMS, POLYARCHISM

PUBLIC POLICY: The trick, of course, is that doing nothing in the public policy world allows much more to be done in the real world." - Thomas Hazlett - Capitalism – Facebook, 6.1.14. – INDIVIDIUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, SELF-HELP, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-GOVERNANCE, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM ETC.

PUBLIC PROPERTY: In so far as the separate, private, natural rights of individuals are secured, in just so far and no farther, are the “public rights” secured. In so far as the separate, private, natural rights of individuals are disregarded or violated, in just so far are “public rights” disregarded or violated. Therefore all the pretences of so-called lawmakers, that they are protecting “public rights”, by violating private rights, are sheer and utter contradictions and frauds. They are just as false and absurd as it would be to say that they are protecting the public health, by arbitrarily poisoning and destroying the health of single individuals.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.7/8. - My basic right towards public authorities and property is to secede from them and to claim my share in their remaining assets in form of transferable securities. - JZ, 18.2.11. – INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS VS. PUBLIC RIGHTS, NATURAL RIGHTS VS. ARTIFICIAL & COERCIVE CLAIMS, PEACE PLANS 19 C ON PRIVATIZATION OF PUBLIC ASSETS

PUBLIC PROPERTY: Public property means property in the hands of the politicians.” – McBride, A New Dawn, p.94. – Or in the hands of the bureaucrats. Not that this would be any better. – JZ, 19.3.08.

PUBLIC PROPERTY: Public Property? Stolen Property! This property was either confiscated from its rightful owners or was bought with stolen money – taxes. - Please stop asking for things and maybe the government will stop stealing. - If there’s really a need, someone will make money filling it. - At less total cost than having the government do it.” – Text of a small libertarian sticker. Also offered by Simon Jester, as # 116. – FREE ENTERPRISE & CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY ON A FREE MARKET IN EVERY SPHERE

PUBLIC PROPERTY: The property in the hands of public authorities of the world to-day is not worth more than 5 per cent of the amounts of debts of the same authorities. – That, after all, is quite natural, when we remember that it is nobody’s business to look after public property.” - Sir Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p.222. – Nevertheless, the real capital that it still controls is vast and its debts do not have to be recognized by future taxpayers. Thus the distribution to titles of these assets to the taxpayer could still bring them capital fortunes in many countries, e.g. in Australia. Only the voluntary and involuntary investors in governmental “securities” would lose. The voluntary investors deservedly so. The involuntary investors also, because they never bothered much, if at all, about abolishing legislation like the Trustee Acts, which required financial institutions to invest much or their money in governmental securities or, rather, insecurities. – See the comprehensive reprivatization project in PEACE PLANS 19 C, on the disc reproduced on - Australians could, possibly, still become millionaires through this method. But so far they haven’t shown sufficient interest in thus becoming rich, quite suddenly, and quite rightly, in transferable capital assets, even whilst they are privately striving to become rich through their own private efforts or through gambling, betting or buying lottery tickets. Lack of imagination and understanding and interest in the larger own affairs, is, once again, to blame. – Instead, most people are overly concerned with relatively trivial private affairs, in which they still have decision-making powers or free choces. - JZ, 18.2.08, 29.1.14. – PUBLIC DEBT

PUBLIC PURSE: There is nothing worse that can happen to money than that it should get into the public purse.” – Sir Ernest Benn, quoted by Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.70. – Or that it is exclusively issued by the treasury or the government’s central bank and given legal tender power, i.e. a forced acceptance and a fictitious “value standard” in the whole country, i.e. the preconditions for inflation, deflation and stagflation, i.e. introducing monetary despotism instead of full monetary freedom. – While taxation is still tolerated by its victims, the government’s money issues should be confined to sound tax-foundation paper money. Only the government should always have to accept it at its nominal value in all payments due to it. In general circulation it should be just one of several optional, discountable and competing currencies. – Beyond the anticipation of short-term future tax-payments with tax anticipation warrants by the government, the anticipation by governments of further tax tributes, for years, decades and centuries, via governmental “securities”, i.e. the indefinite continuance of tax slavery or tribute payments to a government should no longer be tolerated, no more so than any other slavery. Even though we might still be foolish enough to accept tax slavery for ourselves, for a while, we have no right to commit out children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren to it. They do certainly have the right to repudiate debts they never subscribed to. Everything should be prepared to replace taxes by voluntary taxation, subscriptions and free market pricing for competitively provided and wanted services. Starting, perhaps, with an anthology of all voluntary taxation alternatives and tax strike proposals so far offered and their thorough and public discussion. – JZ, 29.1.14. - BUDGET, PUBLIC SPENDING, HANDOUTS, SUBSIDIES, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, MONEY ISSUE MONOPOLY, LEGAL TENDER, MONETARY DESPOTISM VS. MONETARY FREEDOM

PUBLIC QUESTIONS TO POLITICAL CANDIDATES: For the propagation and realization of ideas, under present circumstances, simple but loaded questions could be a useful means, particularly if they are accompanied by promises of voters never to vote again for a candidate not giving a satisfactory answer or not sticking to it with all of his voting record. - There should naturally, be regular follow-up checks on the behaviour of politicians who got elected after giving satisfactory answers. - One such question could be: Do you favour that decisions on war and peace, on armament and disarmament, and on international treaties, as well as on taxation, and on monetary and credit restrictions are in future to be made directly, by the people, via referendum? - One could hardly blame voters for not voting for politicians who would want to continue to reserve such life and death decisions to themselves. - Lists of searching and embarrassing questions should be publicized, together with the answers of the politicians and the optimal answers, which would embarrass and influence the politicians still further. - APPEALS, CONSENT, DECISION, DEMOCRACY, DISARMAMENT, ENLIGHTENMENT, PEACE DECLARATIONS, PUBLICITY VS. SECRECY, PROPAGANDA, RECALL, REFERENDUM, SECESSION, Q., VOTING, WAR & PEACE AIMS, REPRESENTATION

PUBLIC RIGHTS: I repeat that individual rights are the only human rights. Legally speaking, there are no such things as “public rights”, as distinguished from individual rights.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.7. – HUMAN RIGHTS

PUBLIC SCHOOLS: Historically, much of the motivation for public schooling has been to stifle variety and institute social control.” – Jack Hugh – EDUCATION, COMPULSORY SCHOOLING, FREEDOM IN EDUCATION

PUBLIC SCHOOLS: It’s not ‘public schools’. It’s government schools.” – Claire Wolfe, Don’t Shoot the Bastards (YET), 101 More Ways To Salvage Freedom, p.6.

PUBLIC SCHOOLS: Public schools are government-established, politician- and bureaucrat-controlled, fully politicized, taxpayer-supported, authoritarian socialist institutions. In fact, the public-school system is one of the purest examples of socialism existing in America.” – Thomas L. Johnson – As in every other sphere, State socialism failed here, too, on a grand scale. But the law, taxation and a misinformed public opinion does keep it alive, nevertheless. – Freedom to secede from it is needed: Panarchism! – JZ, 10.3.09. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

PUBLIC SCHOOLS: Public schools are institutions of coercion. Students are coerced to attend them. Parents are coerced to pay for them.” – Gary Reed - Unofficially, they do also train teachers and pupils to lie and to cheat. - JZ, 25.11.06.

PUBLIC SCHOOLS: Public Schools too often fail because they are shielded from the very force that improves performance and sparks innovation in nearly every other human enterprise – competition.” – Robert Lutz / Clark Durant – The union of government teachers may be the most wrongful and harmful union. It prevents much genuine education, spreads government propaganda and wastes years of young people unnecessarily on school benches. – JZ, 29.1.14. - GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, EDUCATION, SCHOOLS & COMPETITION, TEACHERS’ UNION

PUBLIC SCHOOLS: Usually a twelve-year sentence of mind control. Crushing creativity, smashing individualism, encouraging collectivism and compromise, destroying the exercise of intellectual inquiry, twisting it instead into meek subservience to authority." – Walter Karp, Editor HARPER’S MAGAZINE on the public school system. - COMPULSORY SCHOOLING, EDUCATION UNDER GOVERNMENT CONTROLS

PUBLIC SECTOR: A recent study by the Hudson Institute of the economics of 19 industrialized nations concluded that as the public sector of the economy grows larger, real economic growth becomes slower. “The reason is basically that government growth crowds out and destroys the incentives for productive private investment. (Kuehner, Capital and Job Formation, p.5.)” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.142. – How fast growth can become can only be shown by those, who have also become free to realize full monetary and financial freedom among them. – JZ, 2.10.07, 29.1.14. - & ECONOMIC GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT, PROSPERITY, GOVERNMENTALISM, CENTRAL PLANNING & DIRECTION, CONTROLS, COERCIVE COLLECTIVISM

PUBLIC SECTOR: Growth of government – from consent to dissent. I start my call to rebellion from the observed tendency for government to dispose of a growing slice of the community’s resources. … non-producing consumers in what I would prefer to call the ‘parasitic’ rather than the ‘public’ sector. (A shrewd wit has said the private sector is the part of the economy controlled by government and the public sector is the part controlled by nobody!)” – Ralph Harris, The End of Government …, p.12. – Public Sector: that half of the national income which the public does not control.” – Ralph Harris, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 12/72. - GOVERNMENT VS. THE PUBLIC, ITS VICTIM, ITS VICTIM, CONSENT, DISSENT, PARASITISM, JOKES

PUBLIC SECTOR: Some bureaucrats seem to be so inert that, apparently, some terrorists get the opinion that it requires a bomb to move them. – JZ, 17.7.84 & 19.3.08. – Would it not be much more sensible if we could freely secede from them, their powers and burdens and do our own things for ourselves? – JZ, 19.3.08. – Then the dissenting statist factions would also get their best chance for their volunteers. – JZ, 29.1.14. - SECESSIONISM VS. TERRORISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA

PUBLIC SECTOR: The expansion of the public sector brings not bliss but chaos. – JZ, 29.5.78. – Based upon: “They are aware that expansion of the public sector may not bring bliss but chaos.” – Daniel Shapiro, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, Jan.-Feb. 78, p. 29. – STATE SOCIALISM, NATIONALIZATION, STATE MONOPOLISM, TERRITORIALISM, WELFARE STATE

PUBLIC SECTOR: The great Libertarian seminarist Robert LeFevre used to observe that, to any extent there’s a “public sector” at all, then to that extent you’ve got socialism.” - L. Neil Smith, Lever Action, A Mountain Media Book, 2001,, p.275. - & STATE SOCIALISM

PUBLIC SECTOR: The ultimate libertarian program may be summed up in one phrase: the ABOLITION of the public sector, the conversion of all operations and services performed by the government into activities performed voluntarily by the private enterprise economy.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, p.201. – Or by communities, societies and even governments that are confined to volunteers under personal law and full exterritorial autonomy. Under that condition they might be practising every statist foolly among themselves only, and exclusively at their own risk and expense. What better punishment is there for them? What better educational chance or learning period? – JZ, 19.3.08. – VOLUNTARISM, EVEN STATISM – FOR STATISTS ONLY

PUBLIC SECTOR: There is a difference between an intervention and a wish to be left alone to trade, or not to trade, in mutual agreement. “Public” versus “private” is really a misleading bit of Newspeak – “compulsory” versus “voluntary” is the important distinction.” – Terry Arthur, 95 % Is Crap, p.221. – Or exterritorial vs. territorial laws, policies and institutions, competing vs. monopolistic actions etc. – JZ, 19.3.08.

PUBLIC SECTOR: We have reached the state where the private sector is that part of the economy the government controls and the public sector is the part that nobody controls. – British businessman James Goldsmith, quoted in THE BULLETIN. Date? - PUBLIC SECTOR IRRESPONSIBILITY, PRIVATE SECTOR, ECONOMICS, MONETARY DESPOTISM, JOKES

PUBLIC SECTOR: Without “… the public sector … people would have been spending their income on what they wanted.” – Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 3/74. – MARKET VS. STATE SERVICES & DISSERVICES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: A civil servant is like a broken cannon – it won’t work and you can’t fire it.” – General George Patton, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 3/77. – If that were really true, then their activity or, rather, inactivity, would do less harm than they do, if they really “functioned” properly, i.e., damaged people and properties. – But if they really do work for a territorial government, then the wrongs and damages they cause go far beyond the value of their salaries. We would be better off retiring them, at their full salaries, than letting them furthermore mess up our productive lives. - Most analogies limp, at least somewhat. - JZ, 20.3.08. – OFFICIAL OBSTRUCTIONISTS, PROHIBITIONITS, BUREAUCRATS, RED TAPE “PRODUCERS” & TIME & ENERGY WASTRELS, JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: a moral and intellectual blackout automatically descends on any individual taking service under public authority.” – View ascribed to Ernest Benn, by a reviewer of “The State of the Economy”, in ECONOMIST, quoted in D. Abel, Ernest Benn, p.148. – a moral and intellectual blackout automatically descends on any individual taking service under public authority.” – View ascribed to Herbert Spencer by Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.148. – Not always – but in all too many cases. – JZ, 31.3.08. - The number of statists in the public service may be larger than in the general population – but it is still not 100 %, as I know from my own experience and from the pro-freedom statements of many other people who have been in the “public service”. – JZ, 19.3.08. – At least some soldiers, policemen and prison officers do become even more dehumanized by their status than the average subject-citizen. However, the mentality of the latter is also greatly deterioriated by their subject status, into statism, territorialism, submissiveness, passiveness and lack of interest in all individual rights and liberties. Any chain or leash has two ends. – For every tyrant a thousand ready slaves. This flaw of the 99% is all too often overlooked. – JZ, 29.1.14. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, OBEDIENCE, SUBMISSIVENESS, APATHY, PRE-OCCUPATION WITH RELATIVE TRIVIA, SPORTS, CIRCUS & OTHER PUBLIC ENTERTAINMENT PERFORMANCE VS. KNOWLEDGE OF & INTEREST IN AS WELL AS PRACTICE OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, CIVIL SERVANTS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: A public servants most shiny achievement is usually the backside of this pants.” – Old German saying. - JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: According to an old satirical German proverb, most tax victims still believe: “Whoever is given an office by God is also given the reasoning power to function in that office.” („Wem Gott ein Amt gibt, dem gibt er auch Verstand.“) Apparently, our public service boards, in charge of public appointments, are not up to such divine standards. – JZ, 19.3.08. - JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: all governmental functions be abolished.” - Rothbard: I think all these functions could be performed considerably better by voluntary means – financed by the consumers who actually use these services, not by taxpayers who are forced to pay for something they don’t personally receive. (*) The income of the policemen, the firemen, and the civil servant should be equivalent to the efficiency of their service to the consumers, not based on political manipulation and coercive taxation. Then they wouldn’t be an entrenched bureaucracy anymore. Government employees would have to shape up like everybody else. All other goods and services are provided by businesses or individuals who receive their compensation because they have efficiently supplied a product that consumers want. The government supplies services through coercive taxation and therefore doesn’t have to be efficient.” - Murray N. Rothbard, in PENTHOUSE interview, 10/76. – (*) Or want. – JZ – EFFICIENCY, COMPETITIVE PRODUCTION & DISTRIBUTION FOR THE MARKET, SUPPLLY & DEMAND, COMPETITION

PUBLIC SERVANTS: All too many people now do negative work, e.g. politicians and public servants. – JZ, 18.11.76.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Almost all office bearers become overbearing. - JZ, 78.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: And what did those hordes of paper-shufflers produce that was of any value to any living soul?” - Poul Anderson, The Boat of a Million Years, p.11. A Tom Doherty Associates Book, New York, 1989, p.318. - BUREAUCRATS, RED TAPE, REGULATIONS, LAWS, LAWYERS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Australia is supposed to have more public servants than Western Germany, France and the Lowlands combined. – Source? In absolute numbers, rather than numbers per head? When I hear or read this hint somewhere, many years ago. Then there were ca. 14 million Australians and ca. 120 million Europeans in these countries. – But I have not got the time, resources and energy to follow up this hint. - JZ, 20.8.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: begging for justice from people in the pay of Government.” – A. Cordell, If You Believe the Soldiers, p.34. – BUREAUCRACY, JUSTICE, COURTS, JUDGES, POLICEMEN, REPRESENTATIVES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Bureaucrats and  “representatives” are best in taking care of the interests of bureaucrats and “representatives”. – JZ, 4.7.92, 29.1.14. – POLITICIANS, DEMOCRACY, GOVERNMENTS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: But these men who claim and exercise this absolute and irresponsible dominion over us, dare not be consistent, and claim either to be our masters, or to own us as property. They say they are only our servants, agents, attorneys, and representatives. But this declaration involves an absurdity, a contradiction. No man can be my servant, agent, attorney, or representative, and be, at the same time, uncontrollable by me, and irresponsible to me for his acts. It is of no importance that I appointed him, and put all power in his hands. If I made him uncontrollable by me, and irresponsible to me, he is no longer my servant, agent, attorney, or representative. If I gave him absolute, irresponsible power over my property, I gave him the property. If I gave him absolute, irresponsible power over myself, I made him my master, and gave myself to him as a slave. And it is of no importance whether I called him master or servant, agent or owner. The only question is, what power did I put into his hands? Was it an absolute and irresponsible one? Or a limited and responsible one?” – Lysander Spooner, No Treason VI, P.24/25, in Works I. – PEOPLE AS PROPERTY OR MERE SUBJECTS, SUBORDINATES, CONSENT, REPRESENTATION, VOTING, POWER, PROPERTY, CONTROL, MASTERS, AGENTS, OWNERS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: But, ritual does not give divinity to a gold calf. The hard fact remains that the priesthood of the state is just men, and the coercion it employs reflects its human capacities and frailties. The “priests” cannot get away from those limitations. Whatever “badness” is in them will show up in their use of force. They are not made “good” by the power to impose their will on other men.” – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.124. - Or by being indiscriminately attacked as mere “pigs”. How much police violence against “demonstrators” has been provoked by insults like this and various missiles thrown at them by “peaceful” demonstrators? – And whatever statist badness is in the territorial voters will also show up under this system, this mutual plunder-bund, to use Bastiat’s term. - JZ, 20.3.08. – POWER, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, REPRESENTATIVES, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Civil service, eh? … So now you get taxes put into your pay instead of taken out.” – F. Paul Wilson, To Fill the Sea and Air, ASIMOV’S, 1/79, p.30. – The very means of payment and its “value standard”, that we are forced to use (by legalized monetary despotism), makes all of us contributors of at least the inflation tax to the government, that is involved with its coercively over-issued paper money. – All too few ponder how they could and should shake off that burden. To that extent they are its consenting victims. – JZ, 20.3.08.  – INFLATION, CONSENT OF THE VICTIM OR APATHY OR PASSIVITY, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Collective respect for all public servants is as wrong as collective hatred for them and for all policemen, soldiers, officers and citizens. It has often happened, not often enough, admittedly, that bureaucrats, politicians, ministers, judges, policemen, soldiers or ordinary public servants have at least somewhat acted against a particularly wrongful regime, e.g. by some criticism, if not by outright disobedience or rebellion. Sometimes even top politicians criticize the State. Wilhelm von Humboldt and President Reagan for instance. See also Edmund Burke’s early book on a natural society. Alas, most become publicly critical only once they have retired. Besides, internal opposition or subversion is also practised and for some the only option. We should also remember the numerous military uprisings. Alas, few of any of them had a good enough liberation program. – JZ, 23.2.08. – Sufficient interest for sound resistance, tax strike, voluntary taxation, military insurrection and popular revolutionary liberation programs is only VERY rarely shown, at least in my contacts with other people. The only one with whom I could freely discuss all aspects of this -died in 1969, Ulrich von Beckerath, born 1882. – JZ, 28.1.14. - BUREAUCRATS, POLITICIANS, MINISTERS, JUDGES, SOLDIERS, INTEREST IN ALL INDIVDIUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: conspicuous consumers of stolen property.” – Byran Fraser to Henry Rosenblum, 15.10.80. – We are all conspicuous as involuntary taxpayers, who have not yet liberated themselves from this yoke and who have not even pondered, sufficiently, the alternative to tax slavery and how to get there. – JZ, 28.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Dealers in illusion, the state’s servants are its first victims.” – Kenneth Mc Donald, THE FREEMAN, 1/78, p.32. – Usually rather well-paid victims. – JZ, 19.3.08. – Just like governmentally employed mercenaries. – Even when they do not suppress the rights and liberties of their victims directly and openly with arms. – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Demand for a protection agency stems from the belief that consumers aren’t smart enough to pick and choose. (*) That an all-wise government agent should look out for them. But, there is little to indicate that giving a person a government title confers with it wisdom not possessed by other average persons. (**) Look at our present maze of bureaucratic decisions as you ponder this one!” (***) – Earl W. Mc Munn, THE FREEMAN, 7/75. - (*) Panarchism would grant them that right, even when they do make poor or bad choices for themselves. They might “live and learn”, from their own experiences, disappointments and failures, while they never learned enough from the failures of territorial governments, which did not give them individual choices in any of the spheres monopolized by territorial governments.  - (**) Of people “educated” under governmental controls. -  (***) A maze greatly worsened by the anti-economic fans of “ecology” and “conservation”. - JZ, 20.3.08. - STATE, TITLES, WISDOM, APPOINTMENTS, VOTING, REPRESENTATIVES, PARLIAMENTS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Don’t despise bureaucrats. We all work for the government, but they get paid for it.” – Percy Greaves, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 3/84. – Should we not rather despise ourselves, for paying taxes to support them and provide us with all too many disservices as a result? – JZ, 19.3.08. – TAXATION, TAX PAYERS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Even one government official is one too many.” – Merylyn Giesekam, 15.4.73. – Not when he is merely one of a competing governance system ruling merely over voluntary subjects, i.e. voluntary victims of it, free to secede from it once they are sufficiently enlightened. – JZ, 29.1.14. – VOLUNTARISM, STATISM, CONSENT, SANCTION OF THE VICTIMS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Fire your government employees.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p. 1022. - Fire your public servants. – Ayn Rand. – I would rather be free to secede from them and their taxes, laws and institutions. Let their true believes support them, if they want to. – JZ, 19.3.08. – Alas, we are not yet free to do so. And Ayn Rand argued herself, in The Virtue of Selfishness, against the very idea and supposed practice of competing governments and societies, all only by and for volunteers. – JZ, 20.3.08. – AYN RAND, PANARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, META-UTOPIA, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM, PANARCHIES FOR VARIOUS STATISTS AS WELL AS FOR THE VARIOUS FREEDOM LOVERS!

PUBLIC SERVANTS: for all of the federal government, just 223 workers were fired. Out of two million federal job-holders, that represents about one out of every ten thousand employees. You’d probably have a better chance of being assaulted by a lightning bold in Palm Springs or of receiving Sophia Loren’s phone number from Computer Date.” – Thomas Winslow Hazlett, THE FREEMAN, 8/78. - JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: freedom at home would cause unemployment in the Civil Service.” – D. Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.83. – We should aim at unemployment for all public servants – except for the jobs over their remaining voluntary victims, who would also be the only ones responsible for paying them. – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: From the tax total (over 250 000 million annually) (in Germany) the “public servants” claim more than 50 % for their own support. 25 years ago they claimed only little above 25 %, but since then their number has doubled and it still grows by an average rate of 3 %. - K.H.Z. Solneman (Kurt H. Zube) in LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 2, p. 9/50. – And most taxpayers still imagine that taxes are levied for the benefit of the taxpayers. – JZ, 1976.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Give all public servants a “golden handshake” and tell them to p. o.! – JZ, 22.1.76. – Australian slang for “piss off!” This term is popularly and  synonymously used also for “fuck off!” or “vanish!”, “disappear!” or “get out of my sight!” or “get out of my way!” - Actually, after we were forced to contribute to them, so much over the years, should we ask for at least some indemnification from them, instead? - Alas, I was also a “public servant”, for all too long. – JZ, 28.2.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Government officials have had non-production on their agenda for years. It is they who are paid not to produce.” - Ken Schoolland, The Adventure of Jonathan Gullible, Leap Publishing, Cape Town, with Commentaries by Ken Schoolland and Janette Eldridge, 1981 ff, 2004 ed., - p.138. – And to obstruct free enterprise production and free exchange! – JZ, 7.10.07. - OFFICIALS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: He whom I pay is my servant.”- Erckmann Chatrian, The Story of Peasant, 319. – That would happen, in public affairs, only under a) voluntary taxation and b) fully free competition for public services, i.e. under individual rather than national and collectivized sovereignty. – JZ, 27.7.92, 18.2.11. - Well, we do willy-nilly pay for our “great leaders” and bureaucrats, but are they really our servants? - What he says applies only to individual contracts. And they can be with e.g. free contractors, tradesmen, who are and remain their own men and owe us only the contracted and paid-for service. – JZ, 15.2.08. - POLITICIANS, TAXES,BUREAUCRATS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Here lies a civil servant. He was civil / To everyone, and servant to the devil.” – C. H. Sisson, 1914-, “The London Zoo”, 1961. - CIVIL SERVANTS, BUREAUCRATS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, PRESIDENTS, RULERS, PRIME MINISTERS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: I demand the right to refuse to hire or to furthermore employ any servants or representatives, public ones as well as private ones. – JZ, 21.11.78 & 20.3.08. – HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: I once suggested that all our administrators should be given leave for two years, just to see what happens in their absence! Would any of the ordinary work of the world come to an end? Would the dairyman no longer make butter or the market gardener sell vegetables? Would people stop getting married and having babies? If the Sun fails to rise the world would indeed end; … and if the government were to take leave for two years it would destroy the popular illusion that a government is indispensable.” – Vinoba Bhave, GOOD GOVERNMENT, 8/75. - It is one thing to engage in such an experiment in a community of volunteers and quite another thing to do this in a territorial community made up of a very mixed community with very different ideals and opinions. – Human beings should not be experimented with against their will - JZ, 20.3.08. – SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, ANY SYSTEM OF STATISM FOR ITS VOLUNTARY VICTIMS & ANY SYSTEM OF LIBERTY & JUSTICE FOR ITS VOLUNTEERS!

PUBLIC SERVANTS: I produce, … I turn earth over, you turn forms over.” – Robin Cook, A State of Denmark, p.151.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: If public servants tried to do everything they are supposed to do, then almost nothing would get done – either by themselves or others. – JZ, 8.1.81. – Working exactly according to the laws, the regulations and the rules would make the whole system largely dysfunctional. It creeps along only by ignoring many of them. – JZ, 19.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: If the consumers could have their taxes back, they could easily purchase any desired service the government had provided – and have a great deal of money left over with which to buy other things.” – Harry Browne, You Can Profit from a Monetary Crisis, p.33. – You could profit even more by preventing any monetary crisis through the establishment of full monetary freedom. – JZ, 20.3.08. – Monetary freedom should always be combined with full financial freedom, e.g. voluntary taxation. – JZ, 292.1.14. – VOLUNTARY TAXATION, PAYMENT FOR SERVICES, FEES FOR SERVICES, FINANCIAL & MONETARY FREEDOM, MONETARY REVOLUTION VS. MONETRY DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING, MONEY-ISSUE MONOPOLY & LEGAL TENDER POWER

PUBLIC SERVANTS: If there’s anything a public servant hates to do it’s something for the public.” – K. Hubbard, quoted in: Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, p.43. - Kin Hubbard, (N.E.), SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 1/79. – Not all public servants are lazy or full of evil intentions. They are tied by rules and regulations as well and can only do so much, if anything, for anyone and whatever little that is rightful that they can do, at least some of them do gladly. Most of them are at least polite. Some are even friendly and considerate. Collective responsibility notions towards all of them are wrongful, too. – JZ, 20.3.08. - CIVIL SERVANTS, BUREAUCRACY, GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS, JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: In America, there is one public servant for every 20 people. In Australia we already have one for every 4!!! Next year there may well be one in every three, or even two.” – John Curvers, in an election leaflet, 1976. – The right to become one of them or to vote for one of them should be distinguished from the right to opt out from under all of them. Only the latter right is a decisive voting right or decision-making right for individuals or a quite rightful entrepreneurial step towards bureaucrats. But, to my knowledge, John Curvers, a libertarian businessman, whom I met many times, never favoured panarchism or even its first step, individual secessionism. – Most people’s minds are still stuck on territorialism. - JZ, 20.3.08. – VOTING, POLITICIANS, ELECTIONS, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: In beginning to point out the evils of accumulated property (*), we compared the extent of those evils with the corresponding evils of monarchies and courts. No circumstances under the latter have excited a more pointed disapprobation than pensions and pecuniary corruption, by means of which hundreds of individuals are rewarded, not for serving, but betraying the public and the hard earnings of industry are employed to fatten the servile adherents of despotism. …” - William Godwin, quoted in Sprading: Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.99/100. - “Fat cats” is a popular term for them in Australia. – But food is so abundant still and so cheap, comparatively, that I am not so sure that obesity does really prevail more among public servants than privately employed people. -  (*) Why not also the rights and benefits derived from it? - JZ, 20.3.08. )

PUBLIC SERVANTS: In contrast to his adulation of the individual, Smith had contempt for high government officials, whom he castigated as beingalways, and without any exception, the greatest spendthrifts in the society.” – George M Taber, in TIME, April 21, 1980, on Adam Smith.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: in every decennial period the number of the public officials and the extent of registration increase, while the liberty of the subject proportionally declines.” – Wilhelm von Humboldt, quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.115. – Humboldt himself was a high-ranking Prussian civil servant. His main book, on the limits of the effectiveness of the State, was published only after his death. There was no freedom of speech and press even for him. – JZ, 20.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: In today’s welfare state it is the public servants – the employees of the health, education and welfare sectors – who have become the ruling class, ‘and once a class obtains power, it abuses power.” – Hilary Barnes, in the London FINANCIAL TIMES, quoted in Professor Joergen Dich, “The Ruling Class”, - FOCUS, Sept. 75.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Is the positive input of a public servant larger than his take-home pay? – JZ, 20.6.88. – Probably, his negative input tends to be so. – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: It is dangerous for democracy that so many millions of work-people are dependent on the government for their jobs. Indeed, if the (State- JZ) socialist goal of complete nationalization of the economy were ever achieved, the only opposition could come from civil servants: they would be lucky to get away with being told to keep a civil tongue in their heads!” – Russell Lewis, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, ed., Right Turn, p.56.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Letter ending addressed to public servants: “You beg to remain, sir, my humble and obedient servant.” – Leaton Jay of Kingscliff, NSW, in a letter reprinted in FREE ENTERPRISE, Sept./Oct. 75. - How efficient or inefficient are such verbal "defences". - Some of my relatives in Germany thought that they would have "resisted" my never saying: "Heil Hitler!" - Trivial actions and ideas occupy many more people than large and important actions and ideas. - Currently, U.S. constitutionalists carry out an extensive debate online on flags and their fringes! - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Like most other people, priests, doctors, lawyers, judges and even tradesmen and blue-colour workers, they tend to adopt the mythologies that back up their careers and jobs. – JZ, 18.1.097, 18.12.97.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Many public servants, so-called, in Federal, State and Local Government, regard the private citizen as an alien.” – Ted Noffs, Dismantling the Dinosaur, p.10.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Most public servants act more like masters of the public than as servants of the public. – JZ, 4.7.77. – It is not the taxpayers who can give them their orders. – JZ, 19.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Nothing corrupts a man so much as being an arm of the law and making men suffer.” – Ludwig von Mises, quoted by Israel M. Kirzner, THE FREEMAN, Nov. 85.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Now, the civil servant is not only secure in a well-paid government job, but he offers himself to the world asa prophet of the new enlightenment, a priest at a glittering and immense shrine’.” – George H. Douglas, THE FREEMAN 12/73, quoting Mencken. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATE SOCIALISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Officials make work for each other.” – C. Northcote Parkinson, Parkinson’s Law.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Officials: Not parents, not tribal elders, not Speakers for an Alliance or their executive servants – no, agents of that huge, bloodless organization called a ‘government’, which claims the right to slay whomever resists the will of its dominators.” – Poul Anderson, The Ways of Love, in DESTINIES, I/2. – Whoever? – JZ

PUBLIC SERVANTS: One public servant in 20 instead of one in four as we have now!” – John Curvers, in election leaflet, 1976. – Even in totalitarian Red China there is only about 1 public servant per 25 Chinese! – JZ, 21.3.09.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Pension. Pay given to a state hireling for treason to his country.” – Samuel Johnson, 1709-1784, A Dictionary of the English Language. – Another version: Pension: An allowance made to anyone without an equivalent. In England it is generally understood to mean pay given to a state hireling for treason to his country. – Samuel Johnson, Dictionary. - A voluntarily paid service among volunteers should be distinguished from a service to a territorial institution that is wanted and upheld at best only by a majority of territorial statists and at worst by a tiny minority. Whenever and wherever such voluntarism is suppressed and employment opportunities are greatly restricted by territorial laws, then even many non-statists find themselves often, willy nilly, in government jobs. Let us open up all rightful opportunities for volunteers and their systems, so that the various groups can freely sort themselves out. Then treason, towards like-minded people, will become much rarer. – JZ, 10.9.07. – Now imagine the territorial State being replaced by freely competing communities of volunteers only, none of them with any territorial monopoly. Would not their behaviour greatly improve, just like that of businesses competing for voluntary customers, workers and investors? – The real culprit is the system of territorial domination, which often gives the public servant as little choice as it gives to his victims. Admittedly, not all “public servants” are as much exposed to slaughter as the soldiers on battlefields are. But battlefield casualties are more and more exceeded by casualties among civilians and when it comes to the nuclear war threat then almost all of us are victims of a few button pushers and of the handful of men who can give the orders to push these buttons. – JZ, 30.3.08. – NWT, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, OBEDIENCE, PENSIONS, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, SELF-GOVERNMENT OR SELF-ADMINISTRATION UNDER PERSONAL LAW & FULL EXTERRITORIALY AUTONOMY, CIVIL SERVANTS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Perhaps public servants would serve the public best if all of them resigned, provided that their offices are not again filled by other people. Instead, their public offices should be abolished and the jobs which some people still want done in this sphere should be competitively done in various ways, chosen for themselves by sovereign consumers, dealing with sovereign producers or service providers in this sphere, in a condition of meta-utopia, made up of a great varieties of divers panarchies, polyarchies and competing governance systems. – JZ, 16.6.13, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: politicians and bureaucrats are motivated by the desire to maximize their incomes. …” - Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, p.64. – And their power! – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Probably the first test of accountability is – “Do we get value for money?” – When we look at the gross figures for government spending we see only wholesome things like: Welfare: $ 7.6 billion per year. - Education: $ 7.3 billion per year. - Health: $ 5.5 billion per year. - Defence: $ 2.4 billion per year. - Roads: $ 2.0 billion per year. - Law and Order: $ 0.9 billion per year. - Who could knock such worthy causes? But when we look closer we find that about 50 % of the total budget is spent on salaries and perks for public servants. …” – V.R. Forbes, Accountability in Government. – Governmental defence and deterrence attempts are neither sufficiently defensive nor a sufficient deterrent, especially not when it comes to accidentally started wars between States which, as territorial States,are all too much Warfare States. – JZ, 29.1.14. - PUBLIC SERVANTS MAINLY BENEFIT PUBLIC SERVANTS, BUDGETS, GOVERNMENT SPENDING & TAX TRIBUTES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public servants – that is, employees who can neither be controlled nor discharged by those they serve, bully and harass their supposed masters.” – I. R. Ybarra & Fred Woodworth, in THE MATCH, June 75. – Some, but not all of them do only what or no more than what their job forces them to do. – Neither here nor elsewhere are class warfare notions and the principle of collective responsibility quite justified. - JZ, 20.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public servants are like the books in a library: The least useful ones are placed in the highest positions. – Masson - (JZ retranslation of: “Beamte sind wie die Buecher einer Bibliothek: die am wenigsten brauchbaren sind am hoechsten plaziert.”) – JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public servants are mostly professional wastrels. – JZ, 22.5.80.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public servants are not servants of the public but of the State and as such they do primarily serve themselves, at the expense of the public. - JZ, 30.4.02. - THE PUBLIC & THE STATE

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public servants are rather enemies of the public. And they can remain this while most of the public remain unaware of this. – JZ, 23.11.93. - This applies e.g. to the Postmaster General and the Director of the Central Bank, the Minister for Transportation and the Minister for Trade etc. Some said they should be renamed: Ministers against postal services, against banking, against transportation and against trade. – Even the ministers for defence are nowadays involved more in essentially threatening and aggressive activities rather than in merely genuinely defensive ones. - JZ, 15.2.08. - Or should we forget about e.g. the nuclear war threat? - JZ, 18.2.11.  MINISTERS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public servants first serve themselves, then the State and then the public. - JZ, 5.7.87. – And their “services” to the public and to the State amount, all too often, to disservices to the public. – JZ, 31.3.08. Even when all their actions are legalized, e.g. those of the central bank. - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public servants in Canberra take knock-off time seriously. Listings in the phone directory for the Department of the Capital Territory say the numbers should be rung only “from 8.30 am to 4.51 pm.” – From a leaflet by the Progress Party.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public servants of territorial governments stand morally below free enterprise prostitutes. For the latter provide only individually wanted services and these are individually paid for rather than out of taxes, largely from those, who are not among their clientele. – JZ, 23.11.93. - DEMAND, COMPETITION, MONOPOLIES, PROSTITUTION

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public Servants serve themselves first, then their own master, the government, and, last of all, if at all, when they do not provide disservices instead, they do also do something for the public – at prices at least double the ones of comparable private services, if they were allowed to be provided competitively. – JZ, 9.10.85, 31.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public servants, in fact, not according to their very name and the common hypothesis on their existence, service and necessity, are primarily servants of the government or the territorial State, which is also their paymaster, and not servants of the public, voluntarily hired for their service and paid for that service by individual members of the public who asked for and received them. The individual taxpayer has nothing to say on their hiring and firing, their offices, methods and procedures. He cannot change them like he can change his doctor, plumber or electrician, often much more needed than any public servant. Like all other servants, they at least try to primarily serve themselves. – Being paid by the State, not directly by those, whom they are supposed to serve, they can get away with much more. They can even play the role of our masters and make us dependent upon them and their decisions. Thus it is high time for a name change for them. Any suggestions? The harder hitting and the more truthful the better. “Bureaucrat” is not an endearing term but by far not critical enough, in public opinion. Likewise: “servant of the State”. – JZ, 7.4.93, 18.2.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Public work cannot have the advantage of individual responsibility behind it, and thus must be performed with the handicap of rule, regulation, and red tape, which must always render it both inefficient and expensive.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, p.227.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Sack all public servants, not just all too few, occasionally. Let them competitively supply wanted services at market prices – IF they can. – JZ, 5.6.96.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Sack all public servants. – JZ, 26.2.74. - One would sack them, as far as oneself is concerned, without depriving them of their jobs, by individually seceding from them and their territorial system. That aim would be much easier to achieve than the abolition of all governments, even governments over statist volunteers only. – JZ, 20.3.08. – SECESSIONISM, ABOLITIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW ALTERNATIVES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, META-UTOPIA, NET-ARCHIES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Some people still manage to believe that public servants primarily serve the public rather than themselves. - JZ, 8.6.00. - STATISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Soon we will have so many public servants there won’t be any public left to support them.” – Bob Howard, 30.6.75. - JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Statism seems always to advance. Politicians and leftist ideologues daily blame businessmen and the market economy for the bad results of the treacherous villainy of government. Although inflation, unemployment, energy shortages, and their ever more wretched consequences all trace to government interventionism, the people believe it when they are told that business is to blame. Why are they so prone to believe the worst of the best public servants the world has ever had – the business firms which feed, clothe, and otherwise provide for us so munificently while government only takes, and takes, …” - Sylvester Petro, THE FREEMAN, 6/79. - BUSINESSMEN, CAPITALISTS, ENTREPRENEURS, FINANCIERS, CORPORATIONS, MARKET ECONOMY, PROFIT SYSTEM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: TANSTAAPS: There ain’t no such thing as a public servant. Some are babies with rabies. Some are crooks with looks. Some are tools, some are fools, some are monsters with hooks.” – Simon Jester slogan.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The “… harassing profession.” – Sir Ernest Benn, “More Murmurings”, p.69. - BUREAUCRATS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The civil servant must not become an uncivil master.” – Sir Robert Witt. – But all too often he did and does. – JZ, 30.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The expansion of state activities inevitably required a body of civil servants to perform the new tasks of government and to monitor performance. For many years civil servants were truly servants, i.e. persons acting under the authority of masters. They constituted a secondary layer of government below the politicians and were controlled by them. Just as it was the fate of the Merovingian monarchy to succumb to the servants in their palaces, so the civil servants in Britain have become the masters of the politicians. The old relationship, which persisted at least until World War I, is now but a memory expressed in the ironic references of modern civil servants to “our masters”. – H. S. Ferns, The Disease of Government, p.89. – It is not necessarily government but only imposed government that is our enemy. And nothing characterizes such imposition more than territorialism. Under it public servants are also victimized, not only victimizing, just like conscripts or even volunteers in modern armies. They, too, are targeted by nuclear “weapons” and by violent revolutionaries and civil war competitors for their jobs. If there were full employment and unlimited opportunities for free enterprise, free trade and free exchange, many of them would resign and take up private or cooperatively run jobs. But under monetary despotism the only assured buyer for their services is, mostly, only the territorial government. And how many have thought themselves through to e.g. full monetary freedom or are even interested in doing this? – And how many have seriously pondered the alternative of voluntary taxation or contribution schemes – and all other individual rights and liberties? – Their greatest enemies are still the false or flawed ideas within the heads of most people. - JZ, 20.3.08. - CIVIL SERVANTS, BUREAUCRATS, POLITICIANS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, FULL EMPLOYMENT OPTIONS REMAINING UNKNOWN OR UNAPPRECIATED

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The fact of the matter is that few public servants produce anything of value. The activities of the myriad of bureaus, boards, agencies, and whatnot, consist in the main of nonsensical paper shuffling, influence peddling, regulatory meddling, and assorted inanities and crimes against the subject population.” – Jack Semmens in THE MATCH, 1.9.76. – Let people opt out and the wheat will be easily sorted out from the wheat. The public services do produce some services but not the only possible ones, not the best ones and, certainly, not the cheapest ones. – JZ, 10/76, 20.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The insolence of office.” – Shakespeare, Hamlet III, c. 1601.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The job-holder, once theoretically a freeman discharging a lofty and necessary duty, was seen clearly to be no more than a rat devouring the communal corn.” – H. L. Mencken.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The men, in point of fact, are seldom if ever moved by anything rationally describable as public spirit; there is actually no more public spirit among them than among so many burglars or streetwalkers. (*) Their purpose, first, last, and all the time, is to promote their private advantage, and to that end, and that end alone, they exercise all the vast powers that are in their hands.” – Henry L. Mencken, Prejudices, Fourth Series, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1924, p.224/5. - (*) Don’t the streetwalkers at least try to give a kind of wanted service in return, as opposed to the burglars? – JZ, 20.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The office-holder’s bread is not buttered by a customer but by a higher-up and hence his natural inclination is to cater to the latter, not the former.” - Frank Chodorov, One Is A Crowd, p.139/40. – In over-sized and hierarchically organized private enterprises, out of sight and knowledge of the boss or supervisor, the reaction is, alas, much the same. – JZ, 13.7.94. – Customers, who do not pay their way and who do not have free choice among potential suppliers, i.e. full consumer sovereignty and responsibility, are not really customers in a free market, legitimate and market-like way. – JZ, 29.1.14. – CUSTOMERS, CONSUMERS, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & FREE CHOICE AMONG COMPETING FREE ENTERPRISE SUPPLIERS OF WANTED OR NEEDED SERVICES VS. ANY DEGREE OF STATE SOCIALISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The point, however, is not to fire more government workers so much as to abolish government jobs.” – SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 7/78. – To achieve that the liberators must know how to suddenly and effectively finance the productive employment of millions of former bureaucrats and soldiers, which requires the knowledge of the techniques of full monetary, clearing and financial freedom, not just the limited notions of gold bugs. Gold coins of a certain gold weight are still a good standard of value but certainly not sufficient in number as payment media or as “clearing certificates”. – As value standards they can serve to facilitate many times their own value in the free exchange of goods and services. But as exchange media they are limited to their own number. - JZ, 19.3.08, 29.1.14. – GOLD STANDARD REDEMPTIONISM VS. GOLD-VALUE RECKONINGM CLEARING OR ACCOUNTING IN NUMEROUS OTHER EXCHANGE MEDIA, CLEARING CERTIFICATES OR CLEARING ACCOUNTS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: the public servant functions as a privilege broker.” –John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.26.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The Public Service seems to exist as much for the benefit of the public servants as for the public; …” - K. Brodie, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 29.11.78. – Are there any benefits from public services, that go beyond those, which could be competitively supplied under full enterprise freedom and consumer choice? – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: the so-called civil servants are neither very servile nor very civil.” – Thomas W. Hazlett, THE FREEMAN, 8/78, p.499.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: the State considered as a self-service shop for the interests and needs of the ‘public servants’ …” - Uwe Timm, Gesammelte Schriften, S.207. – Mere subjects will always be treated as mere subjects. – JZ, 29.1.14. - & THE STATE, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, FREE ENTERPRISE COMPETITION, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, CONTRACT, EXPERIMENTATION & EXCHANGE IN EVERY SPHERE NOW MONOPOLIZED BY TERRITORIAL STATISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The status of a government official depends entirely upon his title and the number of people he supervises. It has nothing whatever to do with what he accomplishes, or whether anything at all is ever accomplished …” - Mark Clifton, When They Come From Space, p.21.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The United States Government has more people on its payroll than the entire population of Australia.” – C. F., quoted in News Digest International, December 1976. – I wonder whether that is still true today. As an indication of the prevailing degrees of State Socialism in all countries the number of their politicians and public servants, including all public works employees, as a percentage of the total population should be published for all countries, together with the percentage of their political “criminals” imprisoned plus that of the “criminals” without victims. In the USA at least for some of their States these figures may already have been published. – JZ, 29.1.14. – FIGURES ON THE “PROGRESS” OF STATE SOCIALISM IN ALL COUNTRIES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The very people we appoint to solve the problems are the public servants who created them.” – Reverend Ted Noffs of the Wayside Chapel, Tanstaafl, 3/76. – Only a few public servants are active as lawmakers of wrongful laws. The others have to carry them out. – JZ, 20.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The wages of federal public servants consume some 30 cents of every income tax dollar collected. – GOOD GOVERNMENT, August 75.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The welfare state is based on the supposition that a man who is made a public official is transformed into a public benefactor. That foundation food of the welfare state is also made of clay. If you want evidence look around you: and not only at corruption in local government, or in one party.” – Arthur Seldon, in 1985, p.45. - ALTRUISM, WELFARE STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, BUREAUCRACY, OFFICIALS, ADMINISTRATIONS, GOVERNMENTALISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: The whole, or almost the whole public revenue, is in most countries employed in maintaining unproductive hands. …” Adam Smith – OFFICIALS, THEIR FAVOURITES & OTHER PARASITES & BENEFICIARIES OF TAX SLAVERY


PUBLIC SERVANTS: There ain’t no such thing as a public servant.” – Simon Jester

PUBLIC SERVANTS: There are about 3.7 million households in Australia. This means that governments control the priorities and spending patterns for $ 9400 per family per year. And a little investigation will show that public servants, not private taxpayers, are the chief beneficiaries of this spending.” – V. R. Forbes, Accountability in Government.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: There are at least 4 derivations of the basic reasons, any one of which, if true, would, I think, rule out the possibility of free dialog: 1) You have a commitment to government based on your presumed desire to fulfil your contractual (enlisted) obligations. 2) You are a receiver of stolen goods in as much as your government salary is derived from robbery (taxing) others. 3.) you are a member/lackey of government. 4) You are a willing participant in an international game of “chicken” between governments which ultimately will probably result in nuclear holocaust.” – George Kysor in LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION 68, p.27, to T. W. J., probably an enlisted soldier. – However, if one does not exchange opinions with a supposed enemy then what remains finally, except exchanging shots? Historically, there were many military uprisings against existing governments, mostly in vain attempts to establish better territorial governments. I know of no uprising or revolution that attempted to establish only freedom for all groups of volunteers to establish their own government or society or community for themselves. Thus even the insurrectionists are usually at war or at civil war with each other, because they have no better model in mind than just another territorial government. -  We are all targeted, restricted, taxed and dominated by territorial government and make some compromises with it. The possibilities of seceding from it and the organizational and juridical and legislative consequences of such secessions are not even sufficiently discussed among most of the enemies of territorial States. Such enemies can also be found among the public servants. – Sometimes they know the wrongs and evils of territorial rule best – from their own experience with it. - JZ, 20.3.08. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, ABSENCE OF QUITE RIGHTFUL & RATIONAL LIBERATION PROGRAMS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, META-UTOPIA, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM

PUBLIC SERVANTS: There are hardly two creatures of a more different species than the same man when pretending to a place and when in possession of it.” – George Savile, Lord Halifax 1633-1695. – Almost all office-bearers become overbearing. – JZ, 28.5.78. - OFFICE HOLDERS, BUREAUCRATS, INSOLENCE OF OFFICE, POLITICIANS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: There are now over 5 million tax resisters in the U.S. That’s 10 % of the 50 million taxpayers employed in private industry. The other 50 million “taxpayers” are employees of government at one level or another and aren’t really taxpayers at all. They are tax consumers, who simply give back a portion of the taxes with which they are paid so that they may again receive those taxes as wages.” – René Baxter, FREEDOM TODAY, Sep. 75, p.3. – But they are also experiencing the disincentives of taxation and thus they worsen whatever public services they do still offer and do increase public waste. – JZ, 21.11.82. – Were and are these figures correct? Do the tax resisters have a good enough tax strike and tax evasion program? – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: There is a new factor which will become increasingly significant: the people employed directly and indirectly by local and central governments may soon outnumber all other groups put together.” – Prince Philip (*), quoted in THE FREEMAN, 2/78. – Also in QUADRANT, 1/78. But there is, obviously, a limit to this kind of parasitism. Let us say that productive taxpayers are reduced to 2 % of the work force. How are they to support the other 98 %? Parasites can only live at the expense of their hosts and when the hosts can no longer support them, the parasites will die. – JZ 19.3.08. – Unfortunately, when the parasites are very numerous, they will make sure that their host does with them. – But, frequently, they have developed to the stage where they make the host “only” sick but do not kill it, because that would end their own life-cycle as well. – Similarly, politicians and bureaucrats make us weak, poor and sick but do not kill off all of us because the depend upon our survival and continued tax payments. - JZ, 13.4.08. - (*) I looked him up in Google a few days ago, in search of some more wise remarks by him. I got over 7,000 results but at least on the first page of them I did not see a collection of his best remarks. Most seemed to rather attack some of his statements. But I have seen more positive statements by him than from any other members of the royal family. Maybe he has more freedom of expression than the others have. - I would love to see a collection of his statements for liberties and rights. - JZ, 18.2.11. – Monarchists have so far failed to provide such a list and so have libertarians. – JZ, 29.1.14. - BUREAUCRACY

PUBLIC SERVANTS: There is no worse heresy thanthe office sanctifies the holder of it”. – Lord Acton, quoted in L. J. Peter, The Peter Plan, p.190.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: These are the people who never get it right.” – JZ, 1.6.94. - POLITICIANS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: These guys start out thinking they’re serving the country but the way most of them end up, they’re only serving themselves.” – David Hackworth, The Price of Honour, p.255. - CIVIL SERVANTS, BUREAUCRATS, OFFICIALS, POLITICIANS, LEADERS, RULERS

PUBLIC SERVANTS: They are curious “servants” insofar as the average income in the public service in 1974 was more than 30 % above the average income of the whole economy, that is, of those, whose servants they are supposed to be. – K. H. Z. Solneman (Kurt H. Zube) in LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr.2, p.49/50.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: they can push rules on people without concern about the consequences.” – Robert Hogan, Prof of Psychology, John Hopkins University, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 3/77. - Most of their rules are merely to help them apply fundamentally wrong laws made by politicians as our supposed representatives and voted in by the majority. - JZ, 18.2.11. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: They take two dollars from Jones to furnish one to Smith and make Smith stand in line to get it.” – Vannevar Bush, Modern Arms and Free Men, p.228.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Those who lived without producing became traditionalized as “servants of the people”, and thus gained ideological support.” – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.204. – That was not very difficult to achieve but almost inevitable among a population mostly consisting of territorial statists. This does as well apply to our times. – JZ, 20.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Too many cooks can price broth out of the market.” – John Allan May, 6.12.76.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: we are completely deluded when we believe that public servants are motivated by the common weal or the common good.” – George H. Douglas, THE FREEMAN, 12/73.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: We don’t hire ‘em, we can’t fire ‘em.” – Ken Wood, THE AUSTRALIAN, 17.4.79. – That should have been followed by the question: How can we put ourselves into a position where we could do this? But even the critics of territorialism do mostly take it for granted, as if it were a force of nature. – JZ, 20.3.08. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, SECESSIONISM, META-UTOPIA

PUBLIC SERVANTS: We must remember not to judge any public servant by one act, and especially should we be aware of attacking the men who are merely the occasions and not the cause of the disaster.” – Theodore Roosevelt.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: We will never get sufficient or quite satisfactory public services out of tax-paid public servants.” – JZ, 14.4.89. – Even less so when their services are monopolized. – JZ, 23.2.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: When “… a group of people called public servants is encouraged to use force on the rest of the people, then that society is doomed to failure.” - Leaton Jay of Kingscliff, NSW, in a letter reprinted in FREE ENTERPRISE, Sept./Oct. 75.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: When all are finally public servants then there will be no public left to serve. – JZ, 9.5.75. – Complete State Socialism will impoverish all subjected to it. – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: When did our Public Servants become Royalty? – Source?

PUBLIC SERVANTS: When did you last meet a retrenched public Servant?” – Mr. Snedden, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 27.12.75.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: When he wrote his bill of grievances against the English king in the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson noted that the king haderected a multitude of new Offices, and sent higher swarms of Officers to harass our People, and eat out their Substance.” But today we have a multitude of offices and officers that would [then - JZ] have staggered the imagination …” - George H. Douglas, THE FREEMAN, 12/74.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: When it (the sea squirt) finds its spot and takes root, it doesn't need its brain anymore, so it eats it. Its a little like getting tenure." - D. Dennett – BUREAUCRACY, CIVIL SERVICE, OFFICIALS, TENURE, JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: When we see a worker moving to a better job because he will make more money, or when we see a businessman moving into an area where he can make more profits, everybody says: “Oh, he’s moving to another job or he’s going to another industry to make a higher income.” And yet when somebody becomes a government employee, suddenly we assume that his objective is completely different. His motivation suddenly becomes “the public interest”, “the common good”, “national security”, or whatever other clichés are handed out. It would be a very useful exercise for everybody to think about the government, not as purveyors of the public good, but as people who are bureaucrats trying to maximize their own income.” – Murray N. Rothbard, in PENTHOUSE interview, 10/76. – SELF-INTEREST OF OFFICIALS VS. PUBLIC INTEREST, COMMON GOOD

PUBLIC SERVANTS: When you have left a bureaucrat’s office for the last time – after receiving his final “No!” to another intended creative activity, then perhaps not you but your gun should be fuming. – Actually, I believe that individual secession and exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers would be a much better weapon against them. – JZ, 17.5.94.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: When you hear that a man has been put in a final resting place – it may mean he has a civil service job with the government.” – N.L. Glimmer, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 8/81. - JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Who says that a public servant has no occupational hazard? At any time the door may open and an applicant may enter.” – Helmar Nahr. (“Wer sagt, dass ein Beamter kein Bechaeftigungsrisiko hat? Jeden Augenblick kann die Tuer aufgehen und ein Antragsteller hereinkommen.“) – JOKES

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Why are public servants the only professionals who force you to pay them, regardless of whether, how little or how much you use their services? – JZ, 7.2.76. – Q.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Why should people in private enterprise jobs, without “job security”, provide, at their expense, “job security” to public servants? – JZ, 14.6.86. – Q.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: You can give a man an office, but you can’t give him discretion.” – Poor Richard. - - Some say that public servants have too much discretionary power in their hands and that, all too often, they do abuse it. – JZ, 19.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVANTS: Your true dull minds are generally preferred for public employ, and especially promoted to city honors.” – W. Irving. – He did not realize that a mind may well be bright enough for a subordinate position, yet appear dull when promoted to prominence, just as a candle is all very well to light a dinner table, but proves inadequate if placed on a lamppost to illuminate a street corner.” - Laurence J. Peter and Raymond Hall, The Peter Principle, 1969ff, p.67.

PUBLIC SERVICES: All of a sudden, redistribution of the wealth no longer looked so attractive. The Proposition-13 message to government was clear: “You keep your services; we’ll keep our money.” - Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.155. - TAX STRIKE

PUBLIC SERVICES: All public services, including courts, police and defence forces, to be operated on a competitive and voluntary subscription basis, different for the members of each exterritorially autonomous community of volunteers. Everyone to be at liberty to offer public services on a subscription or service fee basis. – The better and properly priced ones would tend to drive out the inferior ones. For the acceptance of their services cannot be enforced. – Gresham’s Law, correctly interpreted, once again in operation, in another sphere. - JZ, n.d. & 19.2.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, META-UTOPIA, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW

PUBLIC SERVICES: All this taxation would be bad enough if it ended as a simple robbery, but in this case the victims are further tyrannized by subjection to the alleged “services” for which they have involuntarily paid.” – I. R. Ybarra & Fred Woodworth, THE MATCH, 6/75. - TAXATION, GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONISM, BUREAUCRACY, MEDDLING

PUBLIC SERVICES: And even in government service it is permissible to think occasionally, providing one does it with circumspection and does care not to overstrain oneself.” – “Eric Frank Russell, Brute Force, ASTOUNDING, May 58.

PUBLIC SERVICES: As long as there is only a choice of being a looter or being looted, most people, naturally, rather want to be among the looters. - JZ, 78.

PUBLIC SERVICES: At the moment the servants are getting away with murder.” – Christine McGovern, WOMBAT 4, 1972. – All too many murderous police actions, backed up by court decisions, are reported on Facebook pages. – JZ, 29.1.14. - WARFARE STATES, ATROCITIES, INCLUDING MURDERSBY POLICEMEN

PUBLIC SERVICES: Both, the army and the other public services prefer routine and obedience: the one towards victory and the other to "public service". – JZ, 5/73. – I just read a report in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, of March 8-9, p.27 on German soldiers: 40 % are overweight, compared with 35 per cent of civilians of the same age, while 8.5 per cent are classed as ‘seriously overweight’. – Not that I really want them to be “fighting fit” and all too ready to fight. – Obesity might make them more peaceful. According to this report conscription still exists in Germany. – Neither any enemy is defined by their legislators nor any quite rightful war and peace aims. So why should these conscripts be warlike rather than taking it easy? – And why should the taxpayers be forced to finance such an army? - JZ, 22.3.08. – DEFENCE FORCES, SOLDIERS, CONSCRIPTION, - BUREAUCRACY

PUBLIC SERVICES: End the Public Disservices. – JZ, 22.8.74.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Fee-supported public services is one practical model for a free and non-coercive society.” - Jarrett Wollstein, In Pursuit of Liberty, ISIL leaflet. – Provided they are competitively supplied, i.e., fully dependent on consumer sovereignty, rather than territorial monopolies. – JZ, 1.4.08.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Governments typically use their resources to provide goods and services which are worth less than the sum of their parts.” – Ron Shaw, BULLETIN, 14.2.76.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Half the people in the Public Service shouldn’t be there, they should be out producing things.” – Mark Tier, THE AUSTRALIAN, 29.11.75. - Only half? - JZ, 18.2.11.

PUBLIC SERVICES: He will observe how well supplied are the people with all those things which they have provided for themselves and which parliaments and councils have so far left alone. He will note with chagrin that the deficiencies of which the people still complain are only to be found in those matters which for years and generations have been considered the special business of parliaments and councils.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Modern Government, p.95. - PARLIAMENTS, COUNCILS, GOVERNMENT, BUSINESS, PEOPLE, SELF-HELP, LAWS, SHORTAGES OR FLAWS OF PUBLIC SERVICES

PUBLIC SERVICES: I do not want to do away with public services – but turn them into real public services, by 1.) having them privately run for profit, 2.) having them paid for only through their beneficiaries or potential beneficiaries, via subscriptions, 3.) removing all monopolies for them and exposing them to fully free competition. – JZ, 13.4.76, 25.2.08. – PANARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS WITHOUT A TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, META-UTOPIA, NET-ARCHIES

PUBLIC SERVICES: I recognize that any and all services now being done by government could be done honestly, more efficiently, at less cost, with far better quality and greater quantity for more people, if done by private enterprise on a fee-for-service basis.” – R. S. Jaggard, JAG, 1.12.73. - Or by exterritorially autonomous communities or societies of volunteers, with their kinds of package deals. - JZ, 18.2.11. – PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, PANARCHIES, POLYARCHIES, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

PUBLIC SERVICES: I wondered why my bus was going so fast late at night, wrote a bewildered reader to the London DAILY MIRROR. “Then the conductor explained,We’re nipping along sharply to miss the cinema crowds.’” – David Frost and Antony Jay, The English, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 1/79. - JOKES

PUBLIC SERVICES: If one considers the public services provided by the state or by the municipalities, and one then considers how many of these are used by only a small portion of the population, one can see that private enterprise is a fairer system. Private enterprise is more motivated to efficiently serve the people who are willing to pay for the services. Only those people using the service would pay. Competition for customers would provide incentives to give competitive service, prices and customer care. Those who are not interested in the service would not be made poorer by having to pay for services they do not require. Those people would keep their money for services they consider beneficial to themselves.” - Ken Schoolland, The Adventure of Jonathan Gullible, Leap Publishing, Cape Town, with Commentaries by Ken Schoolland and Janette Eldridge, 1981 ff, 2004 ed., p. 39/40. - COMPETITIVELY SUPPLIED, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION

PUBLIC SERVICES: If public services are really so important then they ought to be offered competitively. – JZ, 29.1.89. - PANARCHISM, COMPETITION, FREE ENTERPRISE, PRIVATIZATION, VOLUNTARISM, POLYARCHISM

PUBLIC SERVICES: If tax consumers like public servants are free to strike then tax payers should be free to strike, too! – JZ, 4.5.93. – However, they would be wise to put certain tax-consumers, especially armed forces, on their own payroll, while their strike goes on. – JZ, 18.2.08. - They should also know and apply a full employment program, mainly based on full monetary and financial freedom. - JZ, 18.2.11. - TAX STRIKES

PUBLIC SERVICES: If the nation (*) is open-handed, the government offers to cure all the ills of mankind … In a word, the tactic consists in initiating, in the guise of actual services, what are nothing but restrictions; thereafter the nation pays, not for being served, but for being disserved. – Bastiat, Economic Sophisms, p.142. - (*) Rather, its so-called “representatives”. – How long does a truth take to penetrate the fog of untruths in public opinion? – JZ, 4.11.76 7 20.3.08. – Q., -ENLIGHTENMENT, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, ARGUMENT MAPPING

PUBLIC SERVICES: If we cannot reverse the adjectives, we should henceforth stick the label ‘state monopolies’ on all manifestations of so-called ‘public enterprises’ – including not only nationalized industries but also the NHS and state schools.” – Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, “1985”, p.15. - MONOPOLIES

PUBLIC SERVICES: If you are in the public service, you can't render the public a service without risking your career. - JZ - Compare e.g. the fate of "whistle blowers".

PUBLIC SERVICES: If you really render the public a public service you are, nowadays, all too likely to get the sack. – JZ, n.d., comment on the Arantz case: A detective revealing how inefficient the police’s crime fighting efforts had become and who was sacked as a result. – Another version: You can’t do the public a service when you are in the public service without risking your career. – JZ, n.d. – The so-called “whistle-blowers” are treated by the territorial State as if they were public enemies or foreign spies. Public services don’t like exposures of their wrongs, mistakes and inabilities. Perhaps because there are so many of them. – JZ, 22.3.08. - WHISTLE-BLOWERS, SECRECIES, PUBLICITY, PUBLIC SERVICE

PUBLIC SERVICES: If you want anything mismanaged - hire the Public Service! - JZ, 73.

PUBLIC SERVICES: In public administration, there is no connection between revenue and expenditure … there is no market price for achievements.” - Ludwig von Mises

PUBLIC SERVICES: In the first place the public entrepreneur – the politician, soldier, bureaucrat, academic or whoever – devises his or her project to meet an alleged social or public need; not to meet the individual personal needs which the individual may or may not be able, or wish, to satisfy. Individuals can have views or opinions about the activity of public entrepreneurs, but they have no power personally to accept or reject the goods or services the public entrepreneur provides. Any power they have must be exercised politically in cooperation with others, either by voting or by demonstrating or by attacking and overthrowing the public authority.” – H. S. Ferns, The Disease of Government, p.79. - It would be more rightful and sensible to secede from it. - At least all dissenters should work towards that option. - JZ, 18.2.11. - POWER, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, CHOICE, VOTING, GOVERNMENT, PEOPLE

PUBLIC SERVICES: Isn’t it typical that public services give satisfaction neither to the public servants themselves nor to those whom they are supposed to serve, nor to those, who are forced to pay the bills, i.e., the general taxpayers? – JZ, 1.11.75. – Q.

PUBLIC SERVICES: It should be pointed out here, in passing, that any private business which is not a public service, which does not render a service to the public, cannot exist in a competitive field, since loss of trade will automatically wipe it out. Whether or not a government monopoly is a public service is a matter of opinion, since its existence is not dependent on public patronage. - Frank Chodorov, One Is A Crowd, 133/34. – Alas, even if it is widely realized that a “public service” does not render a service but rather a disservice, it remains in business, for years to decades, if not centuries. - JZ, 13.7.94. – Compulsory taxation and territorialism see to that. – JZ, 10.4.08.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Its main public “services” are waste, delays, obstructions and highly increased costs. – JZ, 1.6.77. – One should not forget, either, the wrongful coercion involved in its monopolies, like I did in this remark. – JZ, 1.4.08. – UTILITIES, MONOPOLISM, STATE SOCIALISM, COMPETITION, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS

PUBLIC SERVICES: Let the bureaucrats live – or rather starve – on the competitive sale of their services and products, This would rapidly thin out this ravenous crowd. – JZ, 75/75/08. – VOLUNTARY TAXATION, FEES FOR SERVICES, WANTED SERVICES ONLY, COMPETITIVELY SUPPLIED, NO MORE “FAT CATS” OR “PIGS”

PUBLIC SERVICES: No government service should have the privilege to levy tribute on the community through taxation. All of them should have to pay their way in free competition with private or cooperative or mutual services of their kind. Then we will clearly see how much inreal services and at what prices governments have to offer. They would then last only on their merits, if any. – JZ, 25.2.86, 1.4.08, 29.1.14. - Who would voluntarily pay for legislators who pass many more laws, most of them wrongful, than one has ever time and energy to read? - JZ, 12.2.11.

PUBLIC SERVICES: No public service can help being a public disservice. – JZ, 30.11.78. – At least through its bureaucratic mismanagement and through being “financed” out of compulsory taxes. – JZ, 1.4.08.

PUBLIC SERVICES: No public service without you being, at least indirectly, over-charged for it. – JZ, 4.11.76.

PUBLIC SERVICES: No service without you paying its price! – JZ, 1.7.76. – It should not be a monopoly price but a free market price achieved by competing suppliers. – JZ, 23.4.08.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Not all ‘public’ services are ‘public goods’.” – Arthur Seldon, p.45, in Dr Rhodes Boyson, editor, 1985.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Nothing costs so much, directly and indirectly, in money, labour and liberty, as “free”, centralized, monopolized and compulsory public services do. – JZ, 17.12.93.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Once the principle of competition in public services has been accepted, these services will then begin to be responsible to the consumer for the first time rather than directed by the public officials, who, like all producers, would rather manage a secure monopoly if they can get away with it. The low productivity of civil servants everywhere, in comparison with the private sector, provides ample evidence of the truth of this principle.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.328. - & COMPETITION IN THEIR SUPPLY

PUBLIC SERVICES: One of the worst aspects of the “public service” is the sheer number of highly intelligent members that it wastes on trivial, wrongful, irrational or even counter-productive administrative activities. In this respect it is only comparable to the military machines of State, which mislead all too many good men even into mutual slaughters. – JZ, 20.6.84, 18.2.11, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVICES: only when the consumer can choose between two or more competing products or services does the supplier have any incentive to provide better service at lower cost. But in the supply of service by government (*) there is usually no competition. … Where there is no competition, as in the case of the Postal Service monopoly of first-class mail delivery, the result is poor and costly service. The conclusion is inexorable: to have more efficient performance, it is imperative that there be competition in the provision of public services.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.327. – Alas, he wants to exempt e.g. police and defence services from this competition! – (*) territorial governments!!! – JZ, 2.10.07. - & COMPETITION IN THEIR SUPPLY & CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY TOWARDS THEM, INCLUDING VOLUNTARY TAXATION OR SUBSCRIPTIONS

PUBLIC SERVICES: Our greatest growth industry is the civil service.” – Lord Lucas, b. 1896. – A. Andrews Quotations, p.198. - Is it characterized by industriousness for the public good or by something else? – Think of what you see when you drive by men behind “MEN AT WORK” signs. – JZ, 1.4.08.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Public Service is any business which has been granted a monopoly by the government, and which is, therefore, expensive and inefficient.” – Sy Leon, quoted in THE DANDELION, Spring. – If it is not directly expensive, by being supplied free of direct charges, or at legally fixed maximum fees, then it is indirectly expensive through the subsidies out of tax funds that it requires. – JZ, 1.5.08.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Public service means: no economy in all its services.  - JZ, 74.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Public services are mostly “nothing for something, although we hadn’t originally planned it that way.” – The words in quotation marks are by Gary North, in THE FREEMAN, 1/74.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Public services are not in the public’s interests. - JZ, 11.4.76, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Public services are nowhere better supplied than there where their rewards depend entirely upon their service and are paid for in accordance with the care with which it is supplied.” – Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, but only in JZ’s retranslation of the German version: “Oeffentliche Dienste werden nirgends besser geleistet, als dort, wo ihr Entgelt ausschliesslich von der Leistung abhaengt und nach der aufgewandten Sorgfalt bewerted wird. (S.609.) – Does the text, after two translations, still come close to the original? – JZ, 1.4.08. George Stigler, in REASON, July 76, not literally, brings this version: “Public services are never better performed than when their reward comes only in consequence of their being performed and is proportioned to the diligence employed in performing them.” – What did A.S. actually say in TWoN? – I do not have a downloaded version on hand. – How much easier would all freedom research be if all texts were offered on a DVD or an external HD? – JZ, 23.4.08.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Public services like transportation facilities, schools, and social welfare programs should be funded by those who desire them, and that others should not be coerced into supporting programs they don’t want.” – From an article on the Libertarian Party.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Public services means: no economy in services. – JZ, 8.8.74.

PUBLIC SERVICES: The heavy hand of politicians works in the opposite direction. However well-intentioned they may think themselves (*), politicians striving to advance the ‘public interest’ deliver a worse bargain than the taxpayer could have got by spending his own money in the market-place (**) – to say nothing of the catastrophic failures where housing policies aggravate homelessness, central planning disorganizes the economy, and monetary management (***) leads to unprecedented inflation …” (****) - Ralph Harris, p.13, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, 1985. – (*) to be? – JZ - (**) Alas, he is often and involuntarily subsidized by other taxpayers and thus prefers the public service delivered to him free of charge or at a greatly reduced and subsidized price. – (***) It would be more accurate to speak of monetary mismanagement via monetary monopolism, coercion and even despotism. – (****) Are there still any unprecedented inflations? - JZ, 1.54.08, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SERVICES: The job security of the public sector precludes any adjustment process whereby we purge the bad and try something new. “Government without failure” can only bring about “institutions without success”. – Upon reflection, when was the last time that a government bureaucracy was closed and cleared away due to its failing to meet the needs of the consumers? The private market place displays a veritable barrage of such leapfrogging, with bankruptcies, mergers, corporate takeovers and shake-ups, proxy fights, “inside information” and all the “ravages” of “dog-eat-dog” competition. Yet it is this constant, relentless panic (search? - JZ) to discover today’s failure, and to gobble it up at a bargain price, that promotes an incessant tendency toward most efficiently reaching for the consumer’s dollar.” – Thomas W. Hazlett, in THE FREEMAN, 8/78. - SUCCESS & FAILURE, COMPETITION, BANKRUPTCIES

PUBLIC SERVICES: The mischievous idea that all (*) public needs should be satisfied by compulsory organization and that all the means that individuals are willing to devote to public purposes (**) should be under the control of government, is wholly alien to the basic principles of a free society.” - F. A. Hayek, Law, Legislation and Liberty. - (*) I find the notion that ANY public needs should be coercively satisfied, even if only by a limited government, almost as offensive in principle. - (**) That seems to leave the height of taxation already up to the individual and only the use of these means up to the State. This would already be a degree of voluntary taxation but would also require, probably, the rationing of public services. But compulsory taxation is usually coercive in two ways: In compelling tribute payments, arbitrarily imposed, even while under democratic or representative pretences and the arbitrary distribution of the "revenue" so collected, without the individual contributor having any significant vote on how his tax dollars are to be spent. Hayek isn't a panarchist but, at the same time, not all that much separates some of his thoughts from panarchism. The same applies to Ayn Rand and many others. - JZ, 5.4.89. - PUBLIC NEEDS, PUBLIC MONOPOLIES, “LIMITED” BUT STILL TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS

PUBLIC SERVICES: The more numerous public instrumentalities become, the more is there generated in citizens the notion that everything is to be done for them, and nothing by them. Every generation is made less familiar with the attainment of desired ends by individual actions or private agencies; until, eventually, government services come to be thought of as the only available agencies.” – Herbert Spencer, quoted by Leonard E. Read in his “The Free Man’s Almanac”, for March 15.

PUBLIC SERVICES: The only economy in public services is usually undertaken at the expense of services. – JZ, 10/76.

PUBLIC SERVICES: the present system conscripts parents, patients, pensioners to patronize state services of different (*) quality by depriving most of them of the opportunity to do better for themselves and their families in the market.” – Ralph Harris, on p.14 of Dr Rhodes Boyson, editor, Down With The Poor. – Too many libertarians think only of the privatization and voluntarization of SOME public services, instead of all of them. Under panarchism they would have the choice of their limited libertarian utopia - and others would have theirs. Even the statists would then be free to try to realize their utopia at their own expense and risk. - JZ, 12.2.11. - (*) I think that there the correct term should have been “indifferent” or inferior or doubtful. – JZ - CHOICE, CONSCRIPTION, MONOPOLIES, STATISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC SERVICES: The principle that users pay should surely apply to [State] services just as to postal and other such services, provided by the Australian Government.” – Mr Whitlam, former ALP Prime Minister of Australia, to the Premiers. THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 21.6.75, Sayings of the Week. - If only the voluntary users of government services would have had to pay for them, and not the general taxpayers, then I would not have minded them. Nobody should have been forced to contribute to or to suffer the disservices it offered, either. – JZ, 20.3.08. While he was in power he wanted to nationalize everything and at one stage asserted that the citizen should in future need only pocket money - just about like Australian prisoners receive pocket money as their account credits. - He certainly did not abolish the postal monopoly and introduce free enterprise, consumer sovereignty and free pricing in that sphere, either. - JZ, 18.2.11. - USER PAYS PRINCIPLE

PUBLIC SERVICES: The public disservices and wrongful monopolies. – JZ, 2/75, 29.1.14..

PUBLIC SERVICES: The public judges an article after it is put upon the market. The public has never demanded, in advance of supply, all the multifarious amenities which it now enjoys.” (*) – Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.134. - (*) or suffers under. – JZ, 23.6.93.

PUBLIC SERVICES: The Public Service – a giant relief works!” – A contributor in the Mosman Debating Society, 9.11.72.

PUBLIC SERVICES: The public service degenerates into bureaucracy when people in government are making decisions about things of which they have no practical experience, and do not suffer the direct consequences of their own mistakes.” – Enterprise Australia, Box 3741, G.P.O. Sydney 10001, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 2/77. – GOVERNMENT, BUREAUCRACY, DECISION-MAKING

PUBLIC SERVICES: The Public Service isn’t organized to do a job – it’s organized to give people jobs.” – Mark Tier, THE AUSTRALIAN, 29.11.75. – Yes, public service jobs, at the additional expense of all people in private enterprise jobs. – JZ, 20.3.08.

PUBLIC SERVICES: The public service should not be put into gear – but out of it. – JZ, 29.7.75.

PUBLIC SERVICES: The railways losses underline most importantly the built-in failure of any enterprise owned and controlled by elected politicians – there is no automatic system for eliminating loss-making activities. Loss-making activities are always kept going, because there is always money available to finance losses.” – Maxwell Newton, THE PENTHOUSE (Australian issue), July 80, p.47. - NATIONAL ENTERPRISES, RAILWAYS, BUREAUCRACY

PUBLIC SERVICES: The real problems of our world are not being confronted by those in power. In the guise of public service, they use whatever comes to hand for personal gain. They are insane with and for power.” – Frank Herbert, The Dosadi Experiment, GALAXY 6/77, p.79. - The solvable human problems are not only not properly confronted by territorial governments but, actually, caused by them. - JZ, 18.2.11. - POWER, POWER ADDICTS, POWER MADNESS, POLITICIANS, GOVERNMENT, LEADERSHIP, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC SERVICES: The time has come to demonstrate on a large scale and in a sophisticated sphere of human endeavour and necessity that people on their own can meet a community need with no assistance from the state and entirely without state controls other than those designed to preserve the common law rights of individuals.” – H. S. Ferns, Towards an Independent University, 1969, quoted in Ralph Harris & Arthur Seldon, Not from Benevolence, p.136. – How many ancient universities still exist in full independence and how many have, in recent times, been established? And how effective have governments ever been in upholding all individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 1.4.08. – Q.

PUBLIC SERVICES: The truth is, the word “gratuitous” as applied to public services contains the grossest, and, I may add, the most childish of fallacies. I marvel at the public’s extreme gullibility in being taken in by this world. People ask us, “Are you against gratuitous education? Gratuitous stud farms? - Quite the contrary! I’m for them and I would also be for gratuitous food and gratuitous housing … if these were possible.” – Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.237. - Quite apart from the wrongs and damages done by government taxation and spending, the non-pricing involved, the absence of competition, the primitive accounting involved, it leads also to enormous misdirection and waste of scarce resources. – JZ, 12.7.92, 24.2.08. - FREE XYZ, IN EDUCATION, HEALTH, LIBRARIES, POLICE SERVICES, ETC., WELFARE STATE, TAXATION, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, SUBSIDIES, HAND-OUTS

PUBLIC SERVICES: There Ain’t No Such Thing As A Public Service. – “live and let live”, 15.3.81. –TANSTAAPS

PUBLIC SERVICES: There are many books available which deal exclusively with each presently provided government service, but the facts they present are always the same: 1) Government services are always of lower quality and higher cost than could be provided privately; 2) people who do not want the services are forced to pay for them anyway; 3) some people are forced to pay for the cost of these services for other people.” – Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.154. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, LEGALISM

PUBLIC SERVICES: There is no reason why governments limited in their taxing capacity cannot undertake the provision of services to the citizens, provided of course, these services pay for themselves. All services should be self-liquidating the same as privately provided services must necessarily be.” – H. S. Ferns, The Disease of Government, p.132. – After the prolonged experiences with xyz government supplied public services, should one still allow any territorial government to try to offer any or should they be considered as automatically disqualified, like infants, madmen, drunks, drug addicts, violent criminals or critical health cases would be? – The question would answer itself, through the practice of consistently applied consumer-sovereignty, freedom of contract and freedom of association, when all public services are confined to the volunteers of exterritorially autonomous communities and societies operating under their own personal laws. – JZ, 1.4.08.

PUBLIC SERVICES: They are always yapping about ‘public service’. It’s public jobs they are looking for.” – Will Rogers, Autobiography, p.192. – CANDIDATES FOR PUBLIC OFFICES

PUBLIC SERVICES: To give the public what they do not want, and yet to be supported we have there a strange pretension, and yet not uncommon, above all with painters. The first duty in this world is for a man to pay his way, when that is quite accomplished, he may plunge into what eccentricity he likes; but emphatically not till then. Till then, he must pay assiduous court to the bourgeois who carries the purse. And if in the course of these capitulations he shall falsify his talent, it can never have been a strong one, and he will have preserved a better thing than talent – character.” – Robert Louis Stevenson, in his essay “Letter to a Young Gentleman”, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 8/78. – Underlining by me. – JZ

PUBLIC SERVICES: To hire a competing public service agency in a free market is cheaper than to be taxed to support a monopolistic and bureaucratic one offering its services – whatever there are of them – and disservices “free”. – JZ, n.d.

PUBLIC SERVICES: To the extent that they are wanted by some they ought to be supplied to these people only, on the “user-pays” principle. To ensure that no monopoly charges are levied or that Peter is not involuntarily made to pay for Paul, the supply of all such services ought to be competitive and all should have only voluntary customers. - JZ, 11.9.87. – USER PAYS PRINCIPLE, VOLUNTARY TAXATION OR SUBSCRIPTIONS, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA

PUBLIC SERVICES: Tyrants always think well of themselves and explain their activities as some kind of public service. Hitler certainly did.” - Wolf De Voon, De Facto Anarchy. - TYRANNY

PUBLIC SERVICES: We would all be much better off without having to pay for and consume (or to willy nilly accept) monopolistically supplied and compulsory public “disservices”. – JZ, 25.8.93.

PUBLIC SERVICES: What comes out with inescapable clarity from every study of the practical mechanics of these investments, and of public choice generally, is that all the supposed agents of the public interest are, being equally human, no more yet no less inclined than either capitalists or the rest of us to do the best they can for themselves. To put it more stuffily, they too try to maximize their own utilities.” – Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.159. - PUBLIC UTILITIES, ALTRUISM, COMMON GOOD, PUBLIC INTEREST

PUBLIC SERVICES: What public services? – JZ, 4/76. – Q.

PUBLIC SERVICES: What we need in the long run is not better politicians and electoral systems but fewer of both and the eventual conversion of the ‘public service’ into free citizens engaged in earning their own living in the economy instead of a hoard of non-productive parasites.” – E. P. Middleton, Norfolk Island, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT.

PUBLIC SERVICES: When a free market business fails, it is replace by a more efficient competitor. But when government schools or courts fail, the usual response is to give them more money.” - Jarrett Wollstein, In Pursuit of Liberty, ISIL leaflet. – SUBSIDIES VS. PROFITS, SELF-FINANCING, VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS, EARNINGS, FEES, PRICING FOR WANTED & COMPETITIVELY SUPPLIED SERVICES

PUBLIC SERVICES: When a private enterprise fails, it is closed down. When a government enterprise fails, it is expanded." - Dr. Milton Friedman – quoted by Nizam Ahmad – Facebook, 9.1.14. – NATIONALIZATION, STATE SOCIALISM, MUNICIPALIZATION

PUBLIC SERVICES: where the only true public service was rendered by the cleaners.” – Alexander Cordell, If You Believe the Soldiers, p.170.

PUBLIC SERVICES: Would any “public services” survive for long a fully free competition, and free pricing by superior private or cooperatively offered alternative services supplied by voluntary organizations, communities and system? – JZ, 20.4.89, 2.2.08. – PANARCHISM, Q., COMPETITION, CONSUMERS SOVEREIGNTY, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, ASSOCIATIONISM

PUBLIC SERVICES: Your federal government needs your money so that it can perform vital services for you that you would not think up yourself in a million years.” - Dave Barry. How many of government budget items would be approved by more than 5 % of the taxpayers or voters? If at first the tax payers were at least allowed to allocate their taxes only to those items that they wish to support, then many could no longer be financed by the governments and would have to be discontinued. A ruling might be that all spending items supported by less than 5 % of the tax payers are to be removed from the governmental budget. – With this step we would be a bit closer to voluntary taxation or contributions to voluntary and competing public service communities. – JZ, 4.1.08. – Q., GOVERNMENT BUDGETS, JOKES, A STEP TOWARDS VOLUNTARY TAXATION

PUBLIC SPENDING: Globally, governments are the largest receivers and spenders of people’s money. Ostensibly this is done for the “common good” of the people, but one wonders if people wouldn’t be better off if they spent this money themselves.” - Ken Schoolland, The Adventure of Jonathan Gullible, Leap Publishing, Cape Town, with Commentaries by Ken Schoolland and Janette Eldridge, 1981 ff, 2004 ed., p.126. - - COMMON GOOD, TAXATION

PUBLIC SPENDING: Great nations are never impoverished by private though they sometimes are by public prodigality and misconduct. The whole or almost the whole public revenue, is in most countries, employed in maintaining unproductive hands.” - Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations. – Most of our rulers have never even learnt that lower tax rates may bring them greater revenues, and that much of their supposedly sensible spending is counter-productive, although this was already known to some people in ancient civilizations. – JZ, n.d., 18.2.11. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING, WASTE, BUREAUCRACY, GOVERNMENT BUDGETS, IMPOVERISHMENT

PUBLIC SPENDING: great public spending means less spending by individuals on their own needs in their own homes.” – Malcolm Fraser, Australian Liberal, THE AUSTRALIAN, 5.10.74.

PUBLIC SPENDING: If people would only realise that public expenditure once undertaken is bound to grow, they would be far less eager to sanction the extension of governmental functions.” - Sir Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, P.45. - Under compulsory taxation and legalized governmental borrowing (even in form of forced loans) and while individual and group secessions remain suppressed, people are unlikely to realize that - fast enough. But with examples of some very successful exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers - daily before their own eyes - economic enlightenment would spread fast. – JZ, 18.2.08. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING, GOVERNMENT BUDGETS, TAXATION, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, ENLIGHTENMENT THROUGH COMPETITIVELY PROVIDED ALTERNATIVE PERSONAL LAW SYSTEMS

PUBLIC SPENDING: Mill went even further, and argued that no one should have the right to vote unless he paid direct taxes: “It is also important that the assembly which votes the taxes, either general or local, should be elected exclusively by those who pay something towards the taxes imposed. Those who pay no taxes, disposing by their votes of other people’s money, have every motive to be lavish and none to economize. … It amounts to allowing them to put their hands into other people’s pockets for any purpose which they think fit to call a public one.” – A century more of popular government has completely verified Mill’s fear.” – Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.203. – VOTING, USER PAYS PRINCIPLE, TAXATION

PUBLIC SPENDING: Nothing is easier than spending the public money. It does not appear to belong to anybody. The temptation is overwhelming to bestow it on somebody.” - Attributed to Calvin Coolidge. - READER'S DIGEST, June 1960, p.178. - Unverified. - SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, Dec. 77. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING, GOVERNMENT BUDGETS, HANDOUTS, SUBSIDIES, TAXATION, BUYING VOTES, BUREAUCRACY, WASTE

PUBLIC SPENDING: There is no merit in government spending as compared with private spending. To the extent that spending benefits the spender, it benefited society.” – Thought of Thomas Cooper, who died in 1839, quoted by O. W. Cooley in THE FREEMAN, March 71. – Well, much of the spending of politicians and bureaucrats does not benefit the public or the taxpayers but, rather, the politicians and the bureaucrats. To that extent he was wrong, because he did not distinguish between the spending of other people’s money, here tax “revenues” and the spending of the own money, inherited or earned. – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC SPENDING: We must always ask, in other words: Instead of What?” – Henry Hazlitt, THE FREEMAN, 3/76.

PUBLIC SPENDING: When a man is spending his own money he can generally be trusted to get good value for it, but as we know from bitter experience in the last 20 or 30 years, when money gets into the public purse it is extremely difficult to secure good value for it …” – Sir Ernest Benn, 1931, in Honest Doubt, 1932, p.225. - GOVERNMENT SPENDING, BUDGET

PUBLIC TRANSPORT: Buses of our transport system must fear attack. They always run in convoys.” – W.G.P. - JOKES

PUBLIC TRANSPORT: Turning transport over to private enterprise without at the same time encasing it in a maze of regulations will solve our transport problems at one stroke. It would not do it immediately, but it would inevitably do it. Anything less than turning transport over to private enterprise is putting Band-Aids on sores. …” – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.246. – PRIVATIZATION

PUBLIC TRANSPORT: Under the government service, we pay indiscriminately, that is, whether we use it or not, because of the huge amounts of tax money that are spent on transport every years. … Private services also provide a more varied, efficient and relevant service, because they are constantly being tailored to consumer needs, rather than running in accordance with bureaucratic traditions. – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.249.

PUBLIC TRANSPORT: What everybody wants everybody else to ride on.” – Bill Vaughan, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 11/78. - JOKES

PUBLIC TRUST: Public Trust Is a Bust. – Another MAD sticker.

PUBLIC UTILITIES: In simple terms, a public utility supplies a product which some of the public believes that all must have.” – Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 9/78, p.520.

PUBLIC UTILITIES: Public utilities are a monopolist’s heaven and a consumer’s hell.” – Robert Anton Wilson, Schroedinger’s Cat II, p.22. - PUBLIC SERVICES

PUBLIC UTILITIES: Telephone, electric and gas companies are public futilities!” – A MAD sticker

PUBLIC UTILITIES: The first mistake in public business, is the going into it.”Poor Richard, 1758. – NATIONALIZATION, MUNICIPALIZATION, STATE SOCIALISM

PUBLIC UTILITIES: The very term "public utility" … is an absurd one. Every good is useful "to the public," and almost every good … may be considered "necessary." Any designation of a few industries as "public utilities" is completely arbitrary and unjustified. — Murray Rothbard, Power and Market. – Quoted by: Afrikanus Kofi Akosah, Facebook, 24.10.12.

PUBLIC WORKS: It is, no doubt, true that the State can always present large projects to the public gaze; … the difference between what is seen and what is not seen was often noticed by the old economists. What is not seen is the infinite variety of individual transactions and decisions, which, in a civilized society, within the framework of just and well-known laws, move to the advantage not only of the individual concerned but of the community and provide that general body of well-being constituting the wealth of nations. All this is blotted out by an overriding State control, however imposing some of its manifestations may be. It is this vital creative impulse that I deeply fear the doctrines and policy of the Socialist Government have destroyed, or are rapidly destroying, in our national life. Nothing that they can plan and order and rush around enforcing will take its place. They have broken the mainspring, and until we get a new one the watch will not go.” – Hansard, 28.10.1947, quoted by Dr. Rhodes Boyson, ed., Goodbye To Nationalisation, IV.

PUBLIC WORKS: Next are the promoters of such public works as the The Gateway Arch, Urban Renewal, or moon shots. They may be likened to the monarchs of ancient Egypt. The pyramids were built with slave labor, today’s public works are built by the coercively extorted income representing a portion of your labor and mine. What’s the difference”? – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.43/44.

PUBLIC WORKS: Public works are not accomplished by the miraculous power of a magic wand. They are paid for by funds taken away from the citizens.” – Ludwig von Mises. - What the citizens would have done with these funds, if they had not been robbed of them, is not seen. Only the public works projects are visible to all but the blind. - JZ, 23.11.06. – Governmental education leaves man people so ignorant or indoctrinated that even such seemingly self-evident truths still have to be propagated. – JZ, 3.4.12. - & TAXATION, WHAT IS SEEN & WHAT IS NOT SEEN

PUBLIC WORKS: Public works don’t work well, fast and cheaply enough. – JZ, 1.4.08.

PUBLIC WORKS: Public Works work more against the public than for the public, all under the pretence of working for the public interest. – JZ, 20.11.07.

PUBLIC WORKS: they want government to “invest” in a greater society that is to be built by political force and redistribution of property. Their judgment of what is most urgent and important is to prevail over that of all others. - All such planners are would-be dictators. No matter what the objective, government expenditures always constitute economic costs that are borne by taxpayers, lenders, or inflation victims. Even when the government builds roads or canals, utility plants or airports, the expenditures invariably flunk the tests of the market. Demanded by voters, authorized by politicians, and administered by bureaucrats, public works constitute huge mal-investments that waste scarce resources and consume productive capital. – Hans F. Sennholz, THE FREEMAN, 5/76, p. 286. - PLANNING, GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES

PUBLIC: In all countries and at all times the public has proven that it is the most unreliable guardian of the freedom of the individual against tyranny and this for the simple reason that it is itself the worst of all tyrants because it is the most powerful one.” – Leopold Kohr, Weniger Staat, p.67. - PEOPLE, MASSES, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITIES, PROTECTION, FREEDOM, TYRANNY, INDIVIDUALISM, HUMAN RIGHTS, LIBERTIES

PUBLIC: Legally speaking, there is no such creature or thing as “the public”. The term “the public” is an utterly vague and indefinite one, applied arbitrarily and at random to a greater or less number of individuals, each and every one of whom have their own separate, individual rights, and none others.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.7. – The same is true for “the people”, “the nation”, “the country”, “the State”. Only “the government” can be identified as a small group of the total population. – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLIC: Man in the mass - the “public” – transformed into an all-wise, all-good being? That is the ethical thought which socialism (*) implies in its defamation of capitalism. The evil of it is transmitted into good by a mere transference of title from private to political persons. What could be simpler – or more appealing to the exploited? Let’s steal from the thieves and stop thievery. …” – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.402. – (*) State socialism & other coercive forms of collectivism – JZ - MAN, MASS, MAJORITY, STATE SOCIALISM, STATISM, VOTING, EXPLOITATION, DEMOCRACY, CAPITALISM, “NATION”, “THE PEOPLE”

PUBLIC: Since there is no such entity as "the public," since the public is merely a number of individuals, the idea that "the public interest" supersedes private interests and rights can have but one meaning: that the interests and rights of some individuals take precedence over the interests and rights of others.” – Ayn Rand - Individual rights and liberties aren't mere fictions, because they can be realized, are practical and very useful and not inherently contradictory but, rather, mutually supportative. - JZ, 24. 11. 06, 29.1.14. - PUBLIC INTEREST, COMMON INTEREST, COMMON GOOD, VS. PRIVATE INTERESTS, LIBERTIES, RIGHTS & PROPERTY, THE & PUBLIC INTEREST, MERE FICTIONS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES ARE REAL FOR SUFFICIENLTY RATIONAL INDIVIDUALS, CORRESPONDING TO THEIR NATURE, NATURAL RIGHTS, NATURAL LAW & NATURAL LIBERTIES FOR THEM

PUBLIC: That miscellaneous collection of a few wise and many foolish individuals called the public.” – John Stuart Mill, On Liberty, II, 1959. – Should it not be free to sort itself out, one by one, with the resulting groups free to do their own things for and to themselves, always at the own risk and expense? It is certainly wrong to keep all of them penned, compulsorily, in the same territorial institution. – JZ, 18.3.08. – PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, SECESSIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS, MINORITY RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PUBLIC: The “public” is a sum of individuals. In practice public property is held by a group of bureaucrats who mismanage it or misappropriate it. Capitalists propose to sell, by auction, all publicly held property into private property.” – George Hardy, in PROGRESS, 1/77.

PUBLIC: The public be damned!” – William H. Vanderbilt. Also: Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.220.

PUBLIC: The public is a ferocious beast: one must either chain it up or flee from it.” – Voltaire, Letter to Mlle. Quinault, Aug. 16, 1738. – Or become free to secede from it and to do one’s own things, together with like-minded other volunteers, under personal law. – JZ, 9.7.86, 29.1.14. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, STARTING WITH SECESSIONISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETITION, LAISSEZ FAIRE IN EVERY SPHERE

PUBLIC: The public must and will be served.” - William Penn. - Let all self-selected segments of it serve themselves. Nobody is a slave of the general public unless he volunteers for the job. - JZ, 13.10.02. – “The public be damned!” - somebody replied. (The public be damned!” – William H. Vanderbilt. Also: Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.220.) - In one's own interest one will tend to produce for the public and serve the public - in return for free market rewards: prices, wages, salaries, fees, subscriptions etc. - JZ, 27.11.02. - PUBLIC INTEREST, COMMONWEALTH, COMMON INTEREST, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT FOR DISSENTING VOLUNTEERS!

PUBLIC: The public must be put in its place, so that it may exercise its own powers, but no less and perhaps even more, so that each of us may live free of the trampling and the roar of a bewildered herd.” - Walter Lippmann. - THE PEOPLE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE,  PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL CHOICES, STATISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM VS. MAJORITY DESPOTISM, RULERS, TERRITORIALISM

PUBLIC: The public! How many fools does it take to make a public? (“Le public! Combien faut-il de sots pour faire un public?”) – Sebastien Chamfort, 1741-1796, Maximes et penseés, c. 1785. – Andrews Quotes, 376. – Another version: The public! The public! How many fools are needed to make a public! – Nicholas (Sebastien in another reference. – Encyclopedia Britannica: Sebastien Roch Nicolas, 1741-1794. - JZ) - However, even the fools have the right to enjoy their liberty in their own way, in their own systems, at their own risk and expense. – JZ, 4.6.82, 18.3.08. – TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT PEOPLE, EVEN IF THEY ARE FOOLS OR THOUGHT TO BE FOOLS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, STATISM ONLY FOR STATISTS

PUBLIC: The vested interests - if we explain the situation by their influence - can only get the public to act as they wish by manipulating public opinion, by playing either upon the public's indifference, confusions, prejudices, pugnacities or fears. And the only way in which the power of the interests can be undermined and their maneuvers defeated is by bringing home to the public the danger of its indifference, the absurdity of its prejudices, or the hollowness of its fears; by showing that it is indifferent to danger where real danger exists; frightened by dangers which are nonexistent." - Sir Norman Angell 1872–1967. – Sent by C. B. - PEOPLE, PUBLIC OPINION, VESTED INTEREST, ENLIGHTENMENT, PREJUDICES

PUBLIC: There is not a more mean, stupid, dastardly, pitiless, selfish, spiteful, envious, ungrateful animal than the public.” – William Hazlitt, 1778-1839. – Andrews Quotes, p.376. - Nevertheless, let it do its own things to its own VOLUNTARY members and subjects. But let the dissenters opt out! – JZ, 18.3.08. – INDIVIDUAL & MINORITY GROUP SECESSIONISM & PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EVEN FOR STATISTS, I.E. ITS VOLUNTARY VICTIMS

PUBLICATION OF ALL PANARCHIST WRITINGS - AT LEAST ON CDs: My first panarchist and monetary freedom CD is out - but is still requires vast improvements and additions in future editions. - JZ, 20.9.04. – I intend to produce further duplicates of it only once I get around to add a proper contents list to this jumble of files, listed only in a directory with their file names, which can be very misleading even for the one who once chose them. – JZ, 13.2.08. - I still have not got around to do this but I still have this project in mind. - JZ, 12.2.11. – Recently I started a listing of those, who have shown some interest in panarchism or polyarchism and related subjects, towards a directory to them. But it still never very much input and correction from others. In the meantime I can only offer a copy of the present file upon request online, hoping that somebody else or some organization will organize its completion and offer it online or on a disc or as an e-book or an on-demand print etc. I have certainly not copyrighted it. But it might help to establish a more effective network of such people. – JZ, 29.1.14. –

PUBLICITY: A long line of cases shows that it is not merely of some importance, but is of fundamental importance, that justice should not only be done, but should manifestly and undoubtedly be seen to be done.” – Viscount C. J. Hewart, Opinion, in Rex vs. Sussex Justices, 1924.

PUBLICITY: All dirty tricks of publicity are cured especially through publicity and only through it correctible.” – Jaspers. (“Alle Niedertraechtigkeit der Oeffentlichkeit ist gerade durch die Oeffentlichkeit und allein durch sie korrigierbar.“) – VS. ALL WRONGFUL SECRECY

PUBLICITY: All principles, which require publicity in order to fulfil their purpose, are rightful and useful. All principles, which cannot stand publicity, if their purpose is to be achieved, are wrong.” – Kant, Eternal Peace. – Alas, there are many popular errors, myths and prejudices that are not yet sufficiently revealed as such by sufficient publicity for their defects. They are, rather, “confirmed” by endless public repetition. – JZ, 19.3.08. – PRINCIPLES, RIGHTS, DUTIES

PUBLICITY: An honest motive warrants an open approach.” – Eric Frank Russell, Call Him Dead, ASTOUNDING, Feb. 56, British edition.

PUBLICITY: Everyone that does evil hates the light.” – Bible – However, although territorial leaders do very much wrong, they do love the lime-light for their stage-managed appearances. – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUBLICITY: Everything secret degenerates, even the administration of justice; nothing is safe that does not show how it can bear discussion and publicity.” - Attributed to Lord Acton. Unverified. – Another version: “Everything secret degenerates; nothing is safe that does not bear discussion and publicity.” - Lord Acton. - VS. SECRECY

PUBLICITY: full publicity (is) the most potent safeguard against fraud.” – Gower’s Principles of Modern Commerce Law, 3rd. ed., p.42. – Unless is the kind of publicity, which merely confirms popular errors and prejudices, like: “Buy Australian!” – “Restrict immigration!” - JZ, 19.3.08. – The media report also so many abuses, in the own country and in many others, that one has to become more or less apathetic or indifferent to most of them. Even merely to sympathize with the victims costs some mental energy and this is not in unlimited supply. We can bear only so much stress. If there is too much of it we get sick and finally die. – Thus publicity is not always enough to rouse sufficient resistance. All self-help options must be opened up as well. Including ideal local militias, internationally federated, for the protection of individual rights and liberties, at least to the extent that they are already claimed by individuals and their voluntary associations. So far the armed powers and organizations are all on the side of the victimizers and abusers. - JZ, 13.4.08. - FRAUD, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, FALLACIES, MILITIA FOR THE PROTECTION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTES & LIBERTEIS

PUBLICITY: Justice must be done and must be seen to be done.” – Common proverb. However, how can that be achieved when there is as yet no generally recognized declaration of individual rights and liberties as could and should be stated by now? – JZ 19.3.08. – HUMAN RIGHTS, JUSTICE

PUBLICITY: Legitimate authority does not need to act in the dark. It is proud of its actions and wants the world to see them." - Wikileaks - Andrew Frey on Facebook, 29.2.12. - VS. GOVERNMENTAL SECRETS

PUBLICITY: Let everything hang open. Let government be totally visible. The last, the very last people to hide their actions should be the police and government.” – Timothy Leary et al, Neuropolitics. – Alas, in practice, even in democracies, “whistleblowers” are prosecuted, which is certainly against the interest of the general public and merely protects wrong-doers in the “public service”. – JZ, 13.4.08. - SECRECY, OPEN GOVERNMENT, WHISTLEBLOWERS

PUBLICITY: Morality needs to be publicly practised to be strengthened. – JZ, 20.1.75, 31.7.78. – We still have not generally agreed-upon declaration of individual rights and liberties, as complete and correct as it could and should be compiled at least now or very soon. However, are there really any people interested in this job? – JZ, 19.3.08, 29.1.14. – DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

PUBLICITY: Only full publicity, e.g., for rightful war aims and unilateral nuclear disarmament efforts and unilateral as well as separate peace offers can help us out of our dilemmas, secrecy cannot. - Only those who have nothing to hide can be trusted. - Just remember how dictators and military despots protect themselves against popular or military uprisings. Among other things, basically by various censorship and misleading propaganda methods. - How important publicity is to prevent wrongs can e.g. be seen in the strict secrecy with which governments guard documents of the past few years and sometimes even past few decades. They are afraid that their foul plays and mistakes would “stink” even after years have passed and realize that they would lose much if not all confidence of their subjects if all their practices and crimes where fully revealed, immediately or soon. They, like the priesthood (priestly hoods?) of old, do keep in power mainly by the manufacture, preservation and propagation of myths and legends. - If e.g. all facts on the private lives and political actions of our present rulers were fully revealed then, perhaps, nobody or very few people would any longer want to entrust them with any powers, least of all with nuclear power. - I have no objection against a man like Th. Roosevelt keeping numerous mistresses, or J. F. Kennedy having numerous affairs, but I do object when they keeps in power by coercively preserving the images of loving husbands. I do not mind if they make friends with a Stalin or Mao, thereby characterizing themselves, but I do object if, by their policies, they associates me with such monsters. During WW II the Western Allies hushed up the mass murder of Polish officers by the Soviets - apparently forgetting that the Western Governments originally got involved in WW II to protect the freedom of Poland. - I do mind it and all of us should, if any ruler does not proclaim any war aims at all, or does so only much too late, or if his war and peace aims are not completely rightful ones and thus may cause or prolong a war and lead, even after a victory, to further wars. - The war propaganda image of the successful attack on Pearl Harbour is still confusing much of public opinion on this subject, keeping most people in ignorance on how the U.S. president conspired to bring about this attack and make it successful, regardless of the costs in human lives and equipment, so that he could turn isolationist sentiments into interventionist ones. - Are we going to hear about the present sins and crimes of our rulers only in 50 years, if at all? - APPEALS, BROADCASTING, CENSORSHIP, CRIMINALS, CULTURAL REVOLUTION, DECISION, DECLARATIONS, OPEN AIR MEETINGS, LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS, PROPAGANDA, PUBLIC OPINION, REFERENDUMS, RULERS, SECRECY, SECRET DIPLOMACY, TRUST, WAR AIMS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on

PUBLICITY: Openness of information evokes commentary and response. (It also demythologizes.) This is inevitably a threat to power since it introduces competitive judgment into the field of operation. Power delights in edit and not in dialogue. It may indeed be too cynical to say that power always corrupts, but it does seem realistic to say that it instinctively consolidates itself in favor of the military in case of war.” – William J. Barnds: The right to know …, p.40. - POWER, CENSORSHIP, LEAKAGES, WHISTLEBLOWING, LAWS, OPENNESS

PUBLICITY: Our best hope, … is public disclosure. The panic we tried to avoid will have to be faced. Every medium of communication in the nation must be given the full facts, …” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus II, p.125.

PUBLICITY: Please recycle, re-word, re-edit, duplicate and spread, as widely as possible, all panarchist ideas, opinions and proposals. You and your friends and family members need them much more than any new little luxuries, games and toys and they cost you almost nothing except some re-thinking. “Peace and Good Will on Earth” will come, not through “love” but through the peace, justice and freedom of panarchism. - JZ, n.d. - PEACE & PANARCHISM, – POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, PERSONAL LAW, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL KINDS OF VOLUNTEERS

PUBLICITY: Publicity is, in most cases, much more useful to man and also more rightful than secrecy, even though most territorial governments still think otherwise. – JZ, 6.1.14, 13.1.14. – SECRECY, SECURITY

PUBLICITY: The best way to keep a secret is to publish it in a quite unbelievable form – and insist that it is the truth.” – ASTOUNDING SF, June 1956, p.36. - TRUTH, SECRETS

PUBLICITY: The price of justice is eternal publicity.” – Seen 192 Parramatta Road, Sydney (Annandale or Camperdown), on old picture theatre, made into a skating ring, and about to be pulled down. – JZ, 23.8.1975. ) - JUSTICE

PUBLISHING: Conventional and relatively expensive publishing methods have prevented the publication of many valuable writings or kept them out of print and un-translated. But even since microfilm and digital publishing options were open to almost everybody, at least in the somewhat developed countries, all too much has still remained unpublished. Not even the cheap floppy disk, CD and email attachment options were and are fully utilized to spread freedom books and articles. Are there sufficient excuses for such omissions among the freedom lovers of the world? After all, they could probably combine all freedom writings that exist, zipped, in a single HDD drive, with the cheapest ones of 2 TBs by January 14 being down to only A $ 89. In other words, a complete freedom library for the price of one to three printed text books! But are they beating a path to this better mouse-trap offer? Or do they leave this freedom of expression and information option as under-utilized as they did their microfilm, floppy disc, CD and DVD options, apart from their use music and movies? – JZ, 10.9.99, 14.2.08, 29.1.14. – PUBLISHING OF ALL PRO-FREEDOM TEXTS, CD PROJECT, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, ABSTRACTS, REVIEWS, INDEXES, BIBLIOGRAPHIES, IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENCYCLOPAEDIAS, ENLIGHTENMENT OPTIONS, AFFORDABLE ONE BUT STILL ALL TOO NEGLECTED

PUBLISHING: Publishing can only be positively powerful if well enough informed. Without easy access to most old and new writings most writers, editors and publishers are presently not well enough informed, especially regarding unpopular facts, principles, relationships, organizations, ideas and talents. – JZ, 24.7.96, 31.3.08.

PUGSLEY’S FIRST LAW OF GOVERNMENT: Pugsley's First Law of Government: All government programs accomplish the opposite of what they are designed to achieve. –John Pugsley

PUMP PRIMING: After first extorting the money via taxes or forced loans or high interest-bearing "investments in tax slaves" or in an inflationary way? The "cures" of the politicians indicate their primitive notions. - JZ, 17.8.02. - THE ECONOMY?

PUMP PRIMING: It is the issue of the worst kind of money, without a sufficient foundation, cover and reflux, forcing it into circulation (through its monopoly and legal tender power), merely upon the opinion that it is needed. Monetary despotism does, indeed, frequently and severely not only over-supply but also under-supply an economy with its kind of forced and exclusive currency. Then the further issue of it might alleviate the deflation, come temporarily as close to supplying as much money in some spheres as the exclusive use of this kind of money can come and, beyond that, further issues will act inflationary upon prices, wages and other contracts. It is a primitive way of trying to improve upon a primitive, despotic and monopolistic money system. It cannot be a sound substitute for the competitive supply of sound exchange media using optional value standards, which would tend to supply just as much sound currency at any particular time and place, under current conditions, as is needed then and there. - 26.9.01, 26.8.02. – PUMP PRIMING WITH EXCLUSIVE & FORCED CURRENCY, INFLATION, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING, MONOPOLY MONEY WITH LEGAL TENDER POWER, “COVERED” BY GOVERNMENTAL MEDIUM & LONGER-TERM DEBT CERTIFICATES, I.E. PUBLIC INSECURITIES, MONOPOLY MONEY, LEGAL TENDE PAPER MONEY

PUNCTUALITY: It is also conscientiousness in a measure; for an appointment is a contract, express or implied, and he who does not keep it breaks faith, as well as dishonestly uses other people’s time, and thus inevitably loses character.” - Samuel Smiles, in his Self-Help, p.324. - UNPUNCTUALITY

PUNCTUALITY: Nothing begets confidence in a man sooner than the practice of this virtue, and nothing shakes confidence sooner than the want of it. He who holds to his appointment, and does not keep you waiting for him, shows that he has regard for your time as well as for his own. Thus punctuality is one of the modes by which we testify to our personal respect for those whom we are called upon to meet in the business of life. - Samuel Smiles, Self-Help, p.324.

PUNCTUALITY: Punctuality does not appear to be an anarchist virtue, either. – JZ, n.d.

PUNCTUALITY: Punctuality is the politeness of kings.” – Louis XIV. – “It is also the duty of gentlemen and the necessity of men of business.” – An addition by Samuel Smiles, in his Self-Help, p.323.

PUNCTUALITY: Punctuality, as far as is humanly possible to achieve, is a requirement of basic morality, according to the principle of right, as defended by Kant. Punctuality is thus the harmonization of anyone’s arbitrariness with the arbitrariness of others according to a general law of freedom. – JZ, 5.5.90. – No one is authorized by natural law or by rights to waste the time of others. – JZ, 2.4.08.

PUNCTUALITY: Unfaithfulness in keeping an appointment is an act of clear dishonesty. You might as well borrow a person's money as his time. - Horace Mann - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – At least the borrowed money is mostly paid back. The wasted time, usually, isn’t. – JZ, 25.3.12.

PUNISHMENT: Crime: Deserves punishment; however, our punishment is but another crime.” – Dagobert D. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p.26. – Sometimes, certainly not always, especially not for crimes with victims. – JZ, 1.4.08.

PUNISHMENT: Distrust everyone in whom the impulse to punish is powerful.” – Friedrich Nietzsche, 1844-1900. Andrews Quotations, under Punishment: a mission. – Another version: Mistrust those in whom the impulse to punish is strong.” - Friedrich Nietzsche – TRUST, DISTRUST, TYRANNICIDE VS. ASSASSINATION OR POLITICALLY MOTIVATED MURDERS

PUNISHMENT: Every human being has the right to be sentenced only to a punishment corresponding to its offence or crime. – From the human rights draft in PEACE PLANS No. 4, which is also in my first peace book: and in my digitized collection of ca. 130 private human rights drafts in PEACE PLANS 589/590, latest edition. – JZ – JURISDICTION, PRISONS, CRIME, CRIMINALS

PUNISHMENT: Habitual criminals should be punished with compulsory labor which they dread far more than compulsory idleness.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

PUNISHMENT: Men are not hanged for stealing horses, but that horses may not be stolen.” – George Savile, Marquess of Halifax, The Complete Works of George Savile …, 1912, p.229. – By now car theft has largely replaced the stealing of horses. – JZ, 29.1.14.

PUNISHMENT: Nozick seems to follow Locke in holding that each person has a right to exact compensation from someone who violates his rights, and that all people have a right to punish a person who violates anyone’s rights.” – Samuel Schaffler, Natural Rights, Equality and the Minimal State, Princeton University, quoted in CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY, 3/76.

PUNISHMENT: Only the man who has enough good in him to feel the justice of the penalty can be punished; the others can only be hurt.” – William Ernest Hocking, The Coming World Civilization, Harper, 1957. – G. Seldes, The Great Quotations, p.800. – The value of deterrence for crimes with victims should not be underestimated, either, for those without moral sense or ethical knowledge and appreciation. – JZ, 1.4.08.

PUNISHMENT: The reformation effect of punishment is a belief that dies hard, chiefly, I think, because it is so satisfying to our sadistic impulses.” – Bertrand Russell, in “Ideas That Have Harmed Mankind”, by Haldeman-Julius, 1946. – George Seldes, The Great Quotations. – As if moral motives or individual rights and liberties had nothing to do with it. - Making punishment and indemnification obligation quite certain would tend to promote self-reform, if they do not act as a sufficient deterrent. – However, each Panarchy will tend to experiment with its own kind of deterrence, punishment and rehabilitation and indemnification system. – We are still very far from having quite enlightened and uniform views on the subject, just as much as on juridical and police services. - JZ, n.d. & 1.4.08.

PUNISHMENT: The turning point in the conception of purpose of punishment arose out of the philosophical and religious doctrine of individual responsibility. This is simply another name for free will. Once this doctrine became current, it was possible to take a subjective (*) attitude towards the criminal and his crime. It carried with it the idea of redemption from wrong-doing and it is obviously no great step from this to the reformation of the criminal. If it be possible to reform the criminal, then it serves the purpose also of expiation and, partly, too, of deterrence. …” - p.16 of a lecture paper from NSW Corrective Services: Imprisonment – a legal and social punishment. - (*) objective? – Was it objective before? – Nothing on extracting indemnification or compensation! - JZ, 1.4.08.

PUNISHMENT: To punish criminal offences committed in a state of emotional excitement or intoxication more mildly than other offences is tantamount to encouraging such excesses. The threat of severe retaliation does not fail to deter even people driven by seemingly irresistible passion.” – Ludwig von Mises, Human Action, p.16. – Is this true for all cases? – It is by itself wrong to put oneself into such a condition or into such an emotional state, of lack of self-control, whenever one does thereby endanger others. - JZ, 1.4.08. – MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCES, CRIMES.

PUNISHMENT: Whenever the offence inspires less horror than the punishment, the rigour of penal law is obliged to give way to the common feelings of mankind.” – Edward Gibbon, 1737-1794, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1776. - PRISON SENTENCES, PUBLIC OPINION, DEATH PENALTY

PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS: Between them the employees might already have sufficient savings in their bank accounts. My father (Kurt H. Zube [K.H.Z. Solneman], in his Manifesto for Freedom and Peace, (*) stated that the small bank-savers in West Germany had, in 1975, between them, already 6 times the amounts required to buy up all the controlling shares of all the share companies in Germany. But, instead, most still engaged in trade-union motivated class warfare activities (essentially anti-industrial activities rather than industrial actions.) Alternatively, they could have issued their own industrial bonds and could have made their take-over bids with them. Naturally, they should be free to insert value-preserving clauses in these, without permission from any bureaucrat, and should also be able to offer an attractive enough interest rate on them. Then they could, gradually, pay off this debt, incurred to acquire the enterprises they work in, largely out of the additional productivity that could be attained through this change in ownership. Moreover, under full monetary and financial freedom, this debt could also be largely paid off with assignments upon their own services and products. To the extent that they could successfully issue such certificates they would also assure themselves of corresponding sales. – JZ, n.d. (*) This book is online, in an English translation (the German original digitization has not home at present), at

PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS: One need not organize strikes or boycotts or sabotage acts or promote laws against productive enterprises, coercively occupy them or organize a violent revolution or a war - if the aim is to take over existing enterprises. This whole "philosophy" of force and violence can be undermined by using the peaceful, businesslike and just methods of the free capital market. - Ulrich von Beckerath put it very concisely in his second work on monetary freedom: "Must Full Employment Cost Money?", p.198 of the PEACE PLANS No.10 edition: "What working man has ever considered that if the body of workers of a factory or of a large estate paid the owner quarterly one fiftieth of the value of the undertaking, and that 79 times, the workers would own the enterprise, provided the owner is satisfied with an interest of 1 1/2 % quarterly on the debt balance remaining at any time?" - - If, moreover, they offered industrial bonds as means of payment, and their coops guaranteed them, and would do this e.g. on a gold reckoning basis, thus avoiding the need for saved-up cash, to make the purchase and also protecting their creditors against the inflation risk, then they would, mostly, have no great difficulty in buying the enterprises they work in, in a this relatively short time. - This would mean peace in the industrial scene and largely also in the international one, within a short period, at most 2 decades. Consider the alternative of another 100 to 200 years of class warfare violence and the ideological and war-promoting effect of class-warfare notions, under which anti-capitalism has become a new religion. Actually, the peace and wealth promoting effects of such takeovers would be felt already within months and the enterprises would, gradually, be paid for with a fraction of the additional production thus achieved. This topic deserves a monograph. - See: CAPITALISM, CLASS WARFARE , COMMUNISM, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION, HIERARCHICAL FORM OF PRODUCTION, MARKET, PRODUCTION, PROPERTY, SOCIALISM, UNIONS. - JZ, An ABC Against Nuclear War, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 16 & 17, on

PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS: Perhaps a computer program should be developed with which, for every large firm one could easily find out how much each of the employees would have to pay, per annum, to redeem the industrial bonds with which a firm could be bought, in 5, 10, 15 or 20 years, at x, y, z interest rates, and assuming stable value reckoning, e.g. a gold clause, being used in these bonds. This could be confronted with the kinds of additional earnings that one could expect once a firm is properly self-managed, in a businesslike way. Only figures like the current market value of the firm and the number of employees would have to be entered for each particular firm. And perhaps an estimate of the employees on how well or badly their improvement suggestions were so far received by the existing hierarchy of the employer-employee relationship. – Figures for productivity increases of so converted firms should be collected and also provided, to give a comparison of this debt, if taken up to purchase the enterprise, with the extra earnings possibilities thus opened up. – The debts still owed by an enterprise should naturally be deducted from the purchase price paid in industrial bonds. It would be a productive property changing hands in a market-like way, towards more liberty through self-ownership and self-management at the work place. - JZ, 12.2.97, 13.2.08.

PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS: Under monetary and financial freedom it would be easier for employees to purchase the enterprises they work in, on terms, using their own bonds and value preserving clauses and freely agreed interest rates, as productive co-operators, who run their productive cooperatives successfully, in a businesslike way, rather than upon counter-economic dogmas. - J. Z., 19.4.93, 15.4.97. – As means of purchase they could use obligations issued by themselves, as means for interest and capital repayment instalments their own goods- or service warrants or clearing certificates. – JZ, 22.3.09. - & PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES

PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS: What kind of funds could be mobilized for them. - 1.) Savings deposits: In West-Germany, already over 30 years ago, the small savers had in them six times the amount to buy up all the controlling shares of all the share companies then existing in Germany. - 2.) Future earnings of cooperators or partners who bought to firm with industrial bonds and will run them more profitably, so that in practice most firms could be bought through the additional profits achieved by the conversion – within a few years. - 3.) Indemnification claims towards States, privatizing all their remaining capital assets and distributing them in transferable shares etc. – See PEACE PLANS 19c, especially the enlarged and digitized version. - 4.) Existing social and private insurance claims, capitalized and made transferable. - A full discussion of all “liberation at work” options might discover more financing paths. A few enterprises were even received by the employees as gifts from their employers. – JZ, 22.2.08.

PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS: What working man has ever considered that if the body of workers of a factory or of a large estate paid the owner quarterly one-fiftieth of the value of the undertaking, and that 79 times, the workers would own the undertaking, provided the owner is satisfied with an interest rate of 1 ¼ % quarterly on the debit balance remaining at any time. - Ulrich von Beckerath, in PEACE PLANS 10, p.198. – His three monetary freedom books, published by me in PEACE PLANS 9 TO 11, are online at – If they paid in their own industrial obligations, gradually so redeemed, then they would even own the enterprise they work in right away and would have corresponding incentives to increase their productivity, which would enable them, in practice, to pay off their debt with a fraction of the additional earnings they could thus achieve. If, moreover, they would and could offer value-preserving clauses on these obligations, then they would tend to find ready acceptance for them. – All the wrongs and harm resulting from nationalization and State socialist revolutions, dictatorships and wars could have been avoided in this way. - JZ, 1.4.08. – I also hold that such securities should be exempted from all taxation. – They would tend to produce industrial peace. – JZ, 14.4.08.

PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS: With bonds you can deliver yourself from bondage. – JZ, 20.8.77. - With industrial bonds, issued by yourself and redeemed in most cases merely with a part of the additional productivity that is achievable when you issued them for the purchase of the enterprises you work in, you could deliver yourself from the degrees of bondage that still remain in most employer-employee relationships and immediately increase your standard of living, in spite of the high and interest-bearing debt you have thus taken upon yourself, together with your work-mates. – JZ, 6.10.08 - WITH BONDS ISSUED BY THEM. - CAPITAL CERTIFICATE ISSUES, ISSUE PRINCIPLE, TAKEOVER BIDS OF EMPLOYEES FOR THE ENTERPRISES THEY WORK IN

PURCHASING POWER: Combined purchasing power can be one of the greatest revolutionary forces in the world. – Ulrich von Beckerath, 1982-1969. - See: PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES

PURCHASING POWER: Competitively issued money, when based, by its issuer, on his goods, services and other credits and convertible by the note holder, into goods, services, labour, and other payment option to the issuer, would automatically, through its nature, upon spending or lending it and then its subsequent use towards the issuer, i.e., redemption into his goods, services or labour, or debt payment receipts, provide the purchasing power for all the goods, services and labour ready for sale and the credits the issuer holds. It would keep the goods side in balance with the money side. It would avoid inflations, deflations and stagflation. It would as naturally distribute, whatever free people have to offer each other, just like tickets distribute available seats, in a cinema, bus or railway. It would end the wrongful absurdity of a monopoly central bank being allowed to issue a forced and exclusive currency upon all the goods, services and labour in a country, offering upon its issue no value in return, and allowing this institution to inflate, deflate and stagflate this "currency" (which has no natural current flow and cycle but a monopoly and force behind it, except the robbery involved in tax foundation), while outlawing all private and cooperative alternatives to it. It takes this extreme degree of monetary despotism to permit bad money to drive out good monies, to produce one immense economic crises after the other, to put and keep dozens to hundreds of millions of people out of jobs, to impoverish them, to prevent the accumulation and productive use of much wealth, to drive people into political despotism and totalitarianism, to cause most revolutions and civil wars and prosecutions of minority groups and foreigners, even to the extent of "ethnic cleansing" or the preparation for the final holocaust, via ABC mass murder devices. What is perhaps the worst aspect of this system is that it keeps its victims unaware what is happening to them and rather induces them to make scapegoats out of people who are just as much victims of the system. It does not enlighten. It dumbs us down. It does not solve anything. Instead, it creates problems and increases them. And even when it comes, finally, to die of its flaws, contradictions and numerous diseased aspects, it leaves its poor victims merely shouting : "The king is dead! Long live the king!" - Thus they repeat the same wrongs and mistakes over and over again, quite unaware of what they are thereby doing to themselves. - JZ, 21.5.93, 2.5.97. MONETARY FREEDOM & MONETARY DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING, MONOPOLY MONEY WITH LEGAL TENDER POWER

PURCHASING POWER: How can the purchasing power of producers and traders (including all wage and salary recipients) be increased to its natural limits and how can it be prevented from going beyond that? - Allow all people to issue notes upon their products and services, notes which are optional for other people and which only the issuers would have to accept at any time at par from anyone. They could not issue such tokens for more than they have to offer under this kind of free enterprise. Under consumer sovereignty and free pricing the issues would be limited to those voluntarily accepted while they are at par or close enough to par. Publicity, free market rating, clearing and note exchanges would rapidly reveal any temporary under-supply and over-supply and freedom to issue and freedom to stop issues or to refuse to accept issues, in the own interest, would rapidly end under-supplies and over-supplies of exchange media, before they could do much or any harm at the expense of any involuntary victims. To grant the provision of all purchasing power, in form of cash notes, to any unproductive monopolist, like the central bank, and to limit all non-cash transactions and clearing to the availability of such cash, is a basic wrong that exposes all monetary exchange economies to the frequent crises of inflations, deflations and stagflations, with their many bankruptcies, sales difficulties and mass unemployment and to all their political consequences, sometimes ending only with a Mussolini, Stalin, Hitler or Mao and their regimes, after millions of human sacrifices. - J. Z., 17.11.93, 24.4.97. - PURCHASING POWER OF PRODUCERS & CONSUMERS, INCREASED TO THE MAXIMUM, I.E., THEIR ABILITY & READINESS TO GIVE GOODS, SERVICES & LABOUR IN EXCHANGE, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING VS. THE MONETARY DESPOTISM OF CENTRAL BANKING

PURCHASING POWER: In terms of purchasing power, according to the Consumer Price Index, an item that cost $1 in 1913 cost over $20 in 2006. - See also: "Why the U.S. Dollar Constantly Loses Value" by Robert Morley. No Silver in the Silver Lining, by Tim Swanson, MISESDAILY ARTICLE, posted 28.2.08 [2] - INFLATION

PURCHASING POWER: Inflation merely creates more purchasing power and this stimulates the economy.” - Popular opinion. - It stimulates it into mal-investments. It stimulates debtors into cheating creditors for a while - until their credit runs out. It stimulates politicians and bureaucrats into continuing with their mad spending schemes. It stimulates numerous strikes for further wage increases. It stimulates people into spending rather than saving. Just imagine the stimulation of the cinema and theatre and football stadium business - if the proprietors issued more tickets than they have seats to offer. This might even stimulate the cheated ones to start riots - as inflation often does. - Up to a point purchasing power can be safely increased, as long as there is still a depression, as long as the means of exchange are soundly issued and competitive and remain at par with their nominal value expressed in a sound value standard. But only monetary freedom can accurately enough determine this point. Issues up to this point are non-inflationary. Legal tender suppresses this warning signal internally and a fall in external exchange rates does not sufficiently restrain the further issue of legal tender notes internally. - Only those should be free to offer further purchasing power in notes or clearinghouse certificates etc., who have further and wanted goods, services and labour to offer to redeem their own IOUs, purchasing vouchers goods warrants or ticket monies with. It is a great wrong to allow any single institution to print monetary assignments upon the goods, services and labour of all others and even give it a monopoly and forced acceptance and forced value standard. The subsequent uniformity of the means of exchange in a country is not of such a high value that everything has to be sacrificed to it and that we should take the subsequent inflation, unemployment, stagflation or deflations and obscene growth of government into out stride. - JZ. n.d. & 5.4.97, 30.1.14. - INFLATION, STIMULATING THE ECONOMY OR, MERELY, GOVERNMENT “SPENDING”? MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM OF CENTRAL BANKS AS “FINANCIERS” OF GOVERNMENTS

PURCHASING POWER: Purchasing power or cash or currency should be competitively provided by those who have something ready for sale that is widely wanted and needed every day. – JZ, 6.3.99. With that solution alone most of the present sales difficulties and mass unemployment could be solved within a day. Its stable-value reckoning, through free choice of value standards, would also be a great boost to new investments. – Then add full financial freedom, doing away with taxation and all government controls in this sphere and an “economic wonder” would occur. - It is not impossible but merely outlawed! – JZ, 10.3.09. - FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF NOTE ISSUE, FINANCIAL FREEDOM, ECONOMIC CRISIS, SALES DIFFICULTIES, UNEMPLOYMENT, INFLATION, DEFLATION, CRISES, VOLUNTARY TAXATION OR SUBSCRIPTIIONS VS. COMPULSORY TAXATION, CAPITAL REGULATION

PURCHASING POWER: Purchasing power should not be made dependent upon a money monopoly: a forced and exclusive or legal tender currency, especially when it is supplied by a monopolist, like a legalized central bank, which has a vested interest in abusing this power - and usually does abuse it. - JZ, 6.11.91, 26.4.97, 30.1.14. – CENTRAL BANKING, LEGAL TENDER PAPER MONEY ISSUED BY GOVERNMENTS, FORCED & EXCLUSIVE CURRENCIES, INFLATIONS, DEFLATIONS, STAGFLATIONS, CRISES

PURCHASING POWER: The simplest theory of the purchasing power of sound money is that considering money merely as tickets, goods warrants, service vouchers, purchasing- or clearing certificates or IOUs, which are (a) due, i.e. readily accepted for this kind of cover, at par with their nominal value and (b) expressing a sound value standard for payment purposes, one acceptable to issuer and note acceptor alike, also one in which the goods, services and labour offered are priced. - Then, to give such freely and competitively issued and accepted “tickets”, a par value with their nominal value (e.g. a gold weight unit), no more is required than the ready acceptance of them, at par, by the issuer, and, via special contracts, by his debtors, too, as if they were corresponding gold coins. - Only notes issued and remaining at par will be readily accepted and circulate for awhile in general circulation, until they stream back to the issuer. As many, as can then be issued at par by the providers, could then, directly or indirectly, provide their customers also with the purchasing power for these goods, services and labour ready for sale. The issuers, or those who receive loans with the issued notes, buy the goods, services or labours, which they want, with them. Thus the ready for sale products, services and labour are enabled to be turned into purchasing power, just enough, no more, no less, than is required to buy all of them - in a process of division of labour and free exchange, based, naturally, on free enterprise and free contracts and free trade in a free market, one not at all or not too much meddled with by price, wage, rent and interest rate controls, taxes, regulations, compulsory licensing, zonings, protectionism, subsidies etc. etc. Alas, Mises never considered this full monetary freedom but merely private and competing banknote currencies that are fractionally or fully covered by gold. If he ever went beyond that towards full monetary freedom - then I have still to find a corresponding remark by him. Perhaps you can supply such a reference? - JZ, Note written to Mises': On the Manipulation of Money, p. 69, 4.12.92, 30.4.97, 30.1.14.

PURCHASING POWER: You can help create new institutions and commercial enterprises that will help us switch our purchasing power from the supporters of the collectivists.” – Glen G. Cooper, Contemporary Realism, 73 of Q & A. – I do regret that most people, when speaking or writing about purchasing power, do omit to deal with the purchasing power of people under full monetary, clearing and financial freedom and take, instead, monetary and financial despotism for granted. – Just imagine that all ready for sale goods and services, in somewhat developed countries already offered in abundance, could be turned by their owners into their own kinds of goods- or service vouchers, in monetary denominations, to the extent their potential acceptors are willing to accept them at par with their nominal value, expressed in sound value standards, in which these goods and services are also priced out. Only the issuers themselves would always be obliged to accept these, their own IOUs, at any time at par, in this kind of “redemption” or “cover” system, at least within their clearly stated and limited circulation period, if any. Free market pricing for these exchange media and value standards, combined with full publicity for such issues and their details, would do the rest.– Compare my file of circulation charts for such issues and their reflux. – JZ, 1.4.08, 30.1.14.

PURGE, v. To cleanse, commonly by means of a bloodbath.” – L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon, p. 102. – Over 200 million victims last century, i.e. even more than were killed in wars in that time. – JZ, 30.1.14. - LIQUIDATIONS, MASS MURDERS, PERSECUTIONS,

PURISM: What is the alternative? “Impurism”? “Corruption”? Selling Outism?” – George Smith, NEW LIBERTARIAN, Dec. 80-Feb. 81, p.8. – Instead of trying to impose one supposed ideal country-wide or territorially, all the diverse groups try to realize their ideals tolerantly, only among themselves, their own volunteers, are purely and completely as they can manage and leaving the purity of freedom of association, freedom of contract, freedom of experimentation, freedom of genuine self-governance, self-management, self-determination quite intact, instead of monopolizing them in the hands of a territorial government or of a federation of such governments. – JZ, 30.1.14.

PURITANISM: A puritan is someone who, when asked about his opinion on simultaneous orgasm, says: Two wrongs don’t make a right.” – George S. Smith, 8.1.91. – JOKES, “SIN”, SEX

PURITANISM: Puritanism: the haunting fear that someone, somewhere, may be happy.” – H. L. Mencken, Sententiae. - Puritans of all kinds should be satisfied with curing what they consider to be sins among themselves, their own volunteers. If not, then they should be forcefully restrained, like other fanatics, fundamentalists, zealots and terrorists. – JZ, 1.4.08. – HAPPINESS, “SINS”, INTOLERANCE, TOLERANCE

PURITANISM: The almost limitless capacity of Puritanism for evil is due to its entrenchment behind the State and its law.” – Emma Goldman, quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.400. – It, too, is based upon statism, territorialism, centralization and monopolization of power, legalism rather than individual rights and liberties for all sufficiently rational human beings. – JZ, 30.1.14.

PURITANISM: There is only one honest impulse at the bottom of Puritanism, and that is the impulse to punish the man with a superior capacity for happiness.” - H. L. Mencken, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. VS. HAPPINESS, ENVY, JEALOSY, HATRED

PURITY: Regards Jesus: he was an anti-establishment hero, but of the worst sort; he demanded a ‘pure’ Judaism, much as Lech Valesa demands a “pure” communism and Luther demanded “pure” Christianity. Much as one can admire these gents, corruption is the only thing that makes these systems workable. If you think Russia is bad, wait till you see REAL communism! A true radical would have challenged these system at their roots.” – Wayne Wallace Woodward, THE CONNECTION 112, 30.5.83, p.90. – The main root is territorialism, its “unification”, its monopolism, centralization and coercive and collectivist subjugation of dissenters. Without it there would just be another sect, church or utopian colony or diverse communities or society of true believers, all of them doing only their own things for or to themselves and leaving all others alone. – JZ, 2.5.08. – PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENAL FREEDOM, FUNDAMENTALISM, PURITANISM, IDEOLOGIES, RELIGIONS, CHRISTIANITY, COMMUNISM, INTOLERANCE, TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM

PURPOSE OF FREEDOM: they think that the purpose of freedom is so that achievement can happen, …” - John Barnes, Between Shepherds & Kings, in Brad Linaweaver & Edward E. Kramer, editors, Free Space, Tom Doherty Associates Book, New York,, 1998, p.339. - RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, LIFE, PROGRESS, PRODUCTION

PURPOSE OF LIFE: isn’t that man’s very purpose on earth – to do things, change things, run things, make a better world?” – Ursula K Le Guin, The Lathe of Heaven, p.73. – Under the present circumstances the duty of rational beings is to work towards a free, just and therefore peaceful and prosperous world. Once this is achieved and secured, we may consider other options and purposes, among them longevity and space exploration, and increasing our mental and physical capacities. – JZ, 30.1.14. - MAN, HUMAN BEINGS

PURPOSE: a people, who know that the purpose of life cannot be realized unless they are free, will be alert to detect the slightest threat to their liberties.” – Edmund E. Opitz, in THE FREEMAN, 7/75, p.444. – As if there were only one such purpose. People have defined different purposes for their lives, some common ones and many different individual ones, if they try to live purposeful, just and reasonable lives at all. – There is certainly not a single national and territorial purpose for all the people living in a territory, no matter how often and how strongly any territorial government asserts that it exists. - JZ 1.4.08. – TERRITORIAL NATIONAL PURPOSE?

PURPOSE: Aim at the sun, and you may not reach it; but your arrow will fly far higher than if aimed at an object on a level with yourself.” – Joel Hawes, quoted in Leonard E. Read’s The Free Man’s Almanac. – Except at sun-rise and sun-set and when the sun is close to our horizon. – JZ

PURPOSE: I think you don’t grow up until you stop worrying about other people’s purposes or lack of them and find the purposes you believe in for yourself.” – Orson Scott Card, Xenocide, p.324. - LIFE, MEANING, AIM

PURPOSE: Knowledge, … has no uses without purpose.” – Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, in ANALOG 3/76, p.65. – KNOWLEDGE, WISDOM, JUDGMENT, CREATIVITY

PURPOSE: Man’s laudable purpose is not to vegetate, to retire to seek an escape from life – to become secure as in a coma; it is, instead, to get ever deeper into life, to grow. And this can be accomplished only by an increasing use of one’s faculties, solving problems, surmounting obstacles. For it is an observed fact that the art of becoming is composed of acts of overcoming.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.48. – Provided one stays within one’s already acquired or remaining abilities. – JZ, 1.4.08. – GROWTH, MAN

PURPOSE: The question “What is the purpose of life?” is wrongly put. Each individual can rightly only ask: What purpose can I recognize or set for my own life? What the final result of such individually set and pursued purposes will finally be, no one can properly predict, simply because freedom is involved and with it a great diversity of different individual choices. Only one thing is sure: much more than what has been thought and tried so far will be tried, somewhere, by someone - now and in the future. All-over it will provide many different developments and growths and achievements. In the end we might rethink and reshape the universe into one more to our liking. The sky is no longer our limit. – JZ, 9.6.83, 1.4.08.

PURPOSE: The world exists for the education of each man.” – Emerson. – EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT, AIM, MAN, WORLD, LIFE

PURPOSE: What’s the most depraved type of human being? The man without a purpose.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.99. – MAN, LIFE, VALUES

PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS: a system of taxation whereby one-third of our earnings is confiscated; to the extent of such confiscation the pursuit of liberty is delimited or circumscribed, for one cannot spend (on whisky or the opera) what one does not have. And then, the spending of this vast amount of money calls for a bureaucracy of proportions, and this monstrous bureaucracy, in order to justify its existence, pays out largess to favored groups, who must conform to certain regulations and controls in order to get it. Our pursuit of happiness is therefore hamstrung – for our own “good”, to be sure.” – Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.106. – PUBLIC SERVICES

PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS: Man lives better and more nearly achieves his potential if other men leave him unhindered.” – Ridgway K. Foley Jr., in THE FREEMAN, 6/76, p.373.

PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS: The Constitution only guarantees the American people the right to pursue happiness. You have to catch it yourself.” –Benjamin Franklin - CONSTITUTIONALISM

PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS: The Jeffersonian right to the pursuit of happiness had become the right to its delivery, free of charge, in a plain van, free of any mark to suggest that we owed anything to anybody for it.” – Deryck Abel, in Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.83, discussing Benn’s book 1933 book: This Soft Age. - WELFARE STATE, SOCIAL SECURITY, SAFETY NET, WELFARE RIGHTS OR WELFARE CLAIMS

PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS: The only freedom which deserves the name, is that of pursuing our own good in our way, so long as we do not attempt to deprive others of theirs, or impede their efforts to obtain it.” - John Stuart Mill. – Quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.137. - Alas, Mill did not arrive at panarchistic conclusions from this statement. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. - & PANARCHISM, FREEDOM, LIBERTY, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, FREEDOM OF ACTION UNDER FULL EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM

PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS: The right to the pursuit of happiness means man’s right to live for himself, to choose what constitutes his own, private, personal happiness and to work for its achievement. Each individual is the sole and final judge in this choice. A man’s happiness cannot be prescribed to him by another man or by any number of other men. - These rights are the unconditional, personal, private, individual possession if every man, granted to him by the fact of his birth and requiring no other sanction.” - Ayn Rand, The Only Path to Tomorrow, in: “The Ayn Rand Column”, revised edition, 1998, p.115, Second Renaissance Books, New Milford, Connecticut, – From his birth? Man is the same individual, from his conception to his birth as well, as baby, infant, child, youth and grown-up person. – Man isn’t born as a man but as a baby – but even before he has the rights of an adult, he has the right not to be wilfully or carelessly poisoned, crippled or exterminated. As an unborn, naturally, as well as a baby, or infant, he is not yet quite independent but gradually grows to the ability to make use of all his rights and liberties. – JZ, 17.9.07. - INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, BIRTH & ABORTION

PUSH-BUTTON AGE: This is not a push-button age until we can also via push button - A.) Pay taxes only for what we want to and to whom we want. (Voluntary subscriptions). - B.) Separate ourselves from the present territorial politicians and affiliate ourselves, individually to our kind of free society or community under personal laws and without any territorial monopoly claim. - C.) Dissociate ourselves from monetary despotism and start or join a payment and value standard community of our own choice, under full monetary freedom and free choice of value standards, clearing and financing methods. - D.) Opt into membership of one or the other of xyz self-managing productive associations. – JZ, 15.6.91. – A complete list might be very long. So far we have still a lot of buttons to push to get at least some of all the health information we want. And nowhere do we have push-button access to all freedom, peace and justice writings, not even to a complete bibliography, abstracts or review compilation of them, or to an archive of libertarian ideas, to an encyclopedia of the best libertarian refutations or popular errors myths and prejudices and to a much more complete collections of slogans, definitions, aphorisms and jokes of some interest and value to libertarians. – JZ, 2.4.08.



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