John Zube


Quotes, Notes, Comments & Slogans
for Individual Liberty & Rights
against Popular Statist Errors & Prejudices

Index - A




ABDICATION: Who - except a freakish intellectual - has ever been argued into giving up political power when he doesn’t have to; and to give it up, moreover, for the sake of an abstraction, a principle? The idea is ludicrous!” - Julian Barnes, OBSERVER, 6 May 1979. - This is one of the reasons why I rather advocate the right of individual subjects to abdicate or individually secede from the systems of the power holders and to become exterritorially autonomous with other volunteers in their own communities. - JZ 20.1.93. - OF POWER, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM VS, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM

ABILITY TO PAY, SHORTAGE OF MONEY: Lack of money is the root of all evil. - George Bernard Shaw and Mark Twain - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – Not all murders and rapes, for instance, are committed because the culprits are short of money. – JZ, 7.1.13.

ABILITY TO PAY: A man could always pay his way if he were allowed to pay with assignments upon his own labor services, service skills or goods he has produced, provided only that his labor, services and goods are wanted and offered at market prices. A perfect clearing system would make such individual issues easy. In its absence potential issuers and acceptors for alternative shop currencies would be advised to combine so that their combined offer makes their alternative money notes more attractive to a larger number of people. Only the limit of one’s ability to provide wanted labor, service and goods would set a limit to the issue of such money tokens. I myself have only libertarian microfiche for sale. Since hardly anybody wants them, I cannot issue my own shop currency based upon them. Thus and also quite obviously, I could not cause an inflation with my own notes thus covered and redeemable. They are certainly not a monopoly money or a forced currency with compulsory acceptance at a fictitious value. If I offered them as means of payment they would mostly be simply refused. If I were the owner of a large department store it would be another matter. – JZ, 21.12.92, 7.10.08. - FULL EMPLOYMENT, MONETARY FREEDOM, ISSUE FREEDOM & FREEDOM TO REFUSE ACCEPTANCE OF UNWANTED CURRENCIES.

ABILITY TO PAY: Only full monetary freedom would give you the freedom to pay or to clear your debts to the limit of your ability to supply wanted goods, services and labor. – JZ, 22.2.03. - MONETARY FREEDOM

ABILITY TO PAY: The commonly adopted ‘ability to pay’ theory, for example, is, as the libertarian Frank Chodorov pointed out, the philosophy of the highway robber: to extract as much loot from the victim as the robber can get away with - scarcely a cogent social philosophy and a total variance, of course, from the system of payment on the free market. For if everyone were forced to pay for every good and service in proportion to his income, then there would be no pricing system at all, and no market system could work. (David Rockefeller, for example, might be forced to pay $ 1 million for a loaf of bread.)” - Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.180. - The ability to pay is definitely wrong when taken as a means to increase compulsory taxation or to jack up prices for certain customers for the same kind of private services rendered. However, as an opportunity for the able payer to afford for himself better goods and services, there is nothing wrong with it. Nor is it wrong to increase and maximise anyone’s “ability to pay” by realising monetary freedom for everybody, which would allow anyone to become able to pay with his own IOUs or goods and service vouchers or clearing certificates, up to the limits of his ability to provide wanted goods and labour and services for them, in return, upon their return to him in payments. - JZ, 20.1.93.

ABILITY TO PAY: While it is true that “society is exchange” as Bastiat said, some of the best people pay with what they are and by doing what they do, among people who approve of them, applaud them and try to imitate them and are even prepared to pay their “stars” or heroes for the chance to watch or listen to them. - JZ, 22.4.96, free after a remark by Friedrich Schiller. – But ordinary people require the ability to earn and the competitive supply of sound exchange media to enable them to pay their way. In other words, they require full monetary freedom supplemented by full financial freedom. – JZ, 6.10.08.

ABOLITION OF GOVERNMENTS: Abolition by disuse only or by free competition with an inferior service or enforced disservice. “I would abolish nothing except by disuse,”... for “anything is good enough for the man who believes in it, and the first step forward is not abolition but disbelief.” - Ernest Howard Crosby, quoted by Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.336. - COMPETITION, DESTRUCTION, REVOLUTION, REFORM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, TOLERANCE, DISBELIEF, DOUBT

ABOLITION OF GOVERNMENTS: the libertarian must be an ‘abolitionist’, i.e. he must wish to achieve the goal of liberty as rapidly as possible. (*) If he balks at abolitionism, then he is no longer holding liberty as the highest political end. (**) The libertarian, then, should be an abolitionist who would, if he could, abolish instantaneously all invasions of liberty. (***) Following the classical liberal Leonard Read, who advocated immediate and total abolition of price and wage controls after World War II, we might refer to this as the ‘button-pushing’ criterion. Thus, Read declared that ‘If there were a button on this rostrum, the pressing of which would release all wage and price controls instantaneously, I would put my finger on it and push!’ The libertarian, then, should be a person who would push a button, if it existed, for the instantaneous abolition of all invasions of liberty - not something, by the way, that any utilitarian would ever be likely to do.” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.254. - We are not in this world to make choices for others but, rather, to make our own choices. At most we should help those, who ask us, individually, to help them, to make their own choices. If they choose to be fools, that is their right. The only button each individual should be quite free to push, in the desired direction, is himself. If volunteers want to continue price controls among themselves, he should let them. It should never be forgotten that price controls are even now rather popular with all too many. One cannot convert others against their will. Even after decades of relatively free pricing, few do as yet understand it and given their choice, they have done away with it in many spheres, again, e.g. regarding medical services. They have not learnt their lesson yet. They are not yet ripe for full freedom. They need their regulations and it is their right to practice them. - Only all impositions upon others and oneself should be done away with, but not their different and free choices, however much we dislike them and however harmful they objectively are for those who choose them. Rothbard sails dangerously close to one of the main flawed maxims of the drug and alcohol prohibitionists. Price controls are objectively poison. But let them have their chosen poison. People do have the right to make their own mistakes. But let us get rid of territorially imposed systems, because they do not offer all individuals their choices. -– (*) Let individuals make their on choices and all of society will advance as fast as it can. – (**) Abolition of compulsory State membership, of territorial rule and law, of collective and absolutist sovereignty, would be enough. Then a political market could develop. – (***) Unless these are individually and voluntarily chosen, as Catholics choose some censorship for themselves, by staying in that ward relationship voluntarily. Freedom to be unfree, i.e. free choice even of voluntary slavery. - JZ 20.1.93. - ABOLITIONISM & BUTTON PUSHING

ABOLITIONISM: 1. Abolition of the “legal tender” coercion and fraud and of the monopoly of the central bank. No legal restriction upon competitively issued, optional and market rated exchange media and clearing certificates. - - 2.) Abolition of compulsory taxation but no restriction upon voluntary contributions to communities of volunteers that are exterritorially autonomous. - - 3.) Abolition of compulsory territorial State membership or subjugation, but no restriction upon individual and group secessionism and voluntary associationism, but no restrictions upon voluntary protection and defence organizations. - - 4.) Abolition of territorially imposed international and anti-economic “protectionism”, but no restriction upon voluntary communities practising “protectionism” or free trade at their own risk and expense only. 5.) Abolition of compulsory schooling, state financed and controlled, but no restriction upon self-financed, voluntary and competitive educational efforts. - - 6.) Abolition of the government’s monopoly to decide on war and peace, international treaties and alliances, armament and disarmament, but no restrictions upon voluntary communities or organizations making their own decisions on their own affairs, treaties and alliances and organizing, training and arming themselves with rightful and genuine weapons for the protection of their individual rights and liberties. - JZ, n.d. & 23.10.07. - THE NEW ABOLITIONISM

ABOLITIONISM: No matter how disastrously some policy has turned out, anyone who criticizes it can expect to hear: “But what would you replace it with?” - When you put out a fire, what do you replace it with? - Thomas Sowell. - REPLACEMENT, SUBSTITUTES, POLICIES, DIS

ABORIGINALS: Give this country back to the ABO, you convicts!” Inscription, with chalk on a tram station stop near the State Penitentiary, Maroubra, Sydney, seen: 21.5.60, - JZ - To recognize a monopoly claim of ca. 300,000 Aboriginals to a whole continent like Australia is even more ridiculous than recognising such an exclusive privilege for a mere 18 million white and other new settlers. - JZ 29.4.83, 20.1.93. - Full autonomy for Aboriginals. Not charity. - JZ, 8.11.73, in PEACE PLANS 29. – Not subsidies or hand-outs at the expense of the tax-payers. Allow them e.g. to make their own contracts with foreign investors and treaties with Australian and foreign governments and to live under their own personal laws, exterritorially autonomous, not only in their set aside “reservations”. – JZ, 8.11.08.IMMIGRATION, TERRITORIALISM.

ABORTION: A fetus is not a parasite but, rather, a reprint or a new and revised edition, a combined issue, a mixed duplicate or replica - for which the reproducers are responsible as preservers. They ought to keep it alive until it becomes self-supporting, no matter whether this is convenient to them or not, unless a fetus, attached e.g. to a fallopian tube, threatens the own survival and that of the mother. - JZ, n.d. & 21.1.93.

ABORTION: A fetus is too young and innocent to be killed. - JZ 17.4.84.

ABORTION: A human embryo is an actual human being in the first stage of its life.” - Prof. Johnson, quoted in REASON, Jan. 73.

ABORTION: Abort abortionists and rapists rather than the absolutely innocent unborn child. – JZ, 16.9.93, 21.9.08.

ABORTION: Abort abortionists! If one could distinguish abortionists before they are born, then they ought to be aborted. – JZ, 16.10.89.

ABORTION: Abort territorial governments rather than babies! – Babies have an almost unlimited positive potential, while territorial governments have none, even in their “limited” stage. – JZ, 9.11.97, 21.9.08.

ABORTION: Abort territorial political leaders, who lead us from one disaster to another, rather than any quite innocent and still unborn children. - JZ, 3.6.01, 31.1.02. - LEADERSHIP

ABORTION: Abort yourself rather than others! - JZ, 12/72. But in a case of a pregnant mother, this would kill both! - JZ, n.d. - A right to suicide exists only when a woman is not pregnant. Afterwards she would have to wait, too, until she has fulfilled her parental duties. - JZ, 21.1.93. - Do your own abortion and against yourself only! - JZ, n.d. & 21.1.93.

ABORTION: Aborted children are the most innocent of all victims and, possibly, also the most numerous. They, certainly, cannot fight back against their enemies, in this case their parents, often allied with medical practitioners or even specialists. Their parents should be their guardians, not their terminators. Only the medical experts involved are complete strangers to these victims. As tax payers we are often forced to subsidize these mass murders. I assert that the unborn, if viable, are human beings from the day and hour of their conception and that they are entitled to be protected from any willful attacks against their survival. However, my view can hardly be sufficiently upheld and realized via laws and jurisdiction and penalties against such offenders. What can be done at this stage of lack of enlightenment and abundance of errors and prejudices in this respect? E.g. the exterritorialist political separation of anti-abortionists or pro-lifers from the abortionists. Further research into the transplant option for unborn children. Realization of all economic liberties, especially of full monetary and economic freedom and freedom for economically motivated migrants, to reduce the economic pressures, that induce parents or single mothers to consider abortion as a solution for themselves. A great liberalization of the laws on adoption, which have too often come between willing parents and unwanted babies. A more comprehensive declaration of all individual rights and liberties. More publication of all the facts of human development from conception to birth. An extension of the so far declared rights of children. – JZ, 29.5.04, 29.10.07.

ABORTION: Abortion – the Ultimate Child Abuse.” – Dangerous Buttons, No. 495. – Also quoted in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 20.8.96.

ABORTION: Abortion amounts to a continuous and all too murderous war of all too many parents against their own unborn children. Governments can only be blamed for such mass murders in cases like the government of Red China, with the enforcement of its one-child policy, and for their economic policies that artificially create poverty and high costs for the upbringing of children by xyz measures not necessarily intended for this purpose. By now probably more unborn children are aborted than born children and adults are killed in wars, ethnic cleansing and other governmental murderous actions. And many of the abortions are undertaken with governmental medical support and at the expense of tax payers. – No wonder that ethical considerations are ignored in so many other spheres as well. - JZ, 21.9.05, 24.10.07. E.g. misdirected drones kill far less babies than unborn babies are regularly aborted, in all countries. – JZ, 18.1.13.

ABORTION: Abortion is objectionable because of the identity of existence of the fetus.” - Randian concept, applied by Ramon Barros.

ABORTION: Abortion leads to an appalling trivialisation of the act of procreation.” - Dr. Donald Coggan, when Archbishop of York. Speech to Shaftesbury Society, 2 Oct. 1973.

ABORTION: Abortion prevents adoption and guardianship by others and the transplant option (coming up), too. There are so many ways now to prevent conception or to deal with pregnancy otherwise than with killing the unborn. Unprovoked violence with victims is almost always the first “solution” that comes to the minds of incompetents, when they have got themselves into unintended trouble by their own irresponsible pursuit of pleasure. - JZ 21.1.93.

ABORTION: Abortion, compulsory, in many if not in most instances, in Mainland China: “In the abortion clinic operating room, a woman seven and a half months pregnant is prepared for compulsory abortion by Caesarean. Nation-wide, over 170 million birth control operations, including abortions, were carried out from 1971 - 1978.” - NATIONAL TIMES, Australia, 2.3.84.

ABORTION: Abortionists are among the worst, the most intolerant “territorialists” in their actions towards the unwelcome arrival of “little strangers”. And, naturally, they tend to ignore the biological information, the close relationship of a fetus not only to mother but also to its father and any father’s obligation to keep his offspring alive and maintain them towards self-support. - JZ, 22.12.92. – These unwanted “immigrants” are not deported but killed! – JZ, 3.11.08.

ABORTION: Abortionists, as far as their preferred “action” or “solution” is concerned, have this “principle” and practice in common with e.g. totalitarian communists and Nazis as mass murderers: “We own other people’s lives and can do with them as we please and as it suits us. We do not recognize any personal and individual rights in certain kinds of people whom we consider to be our enemies.” – JZ, 16.9.93, 21.9.08.

ABORTION: According to Eleanor Schlafly, in the fourteen years since it was legalised, 23 million unborn American babies have been killed, one every 20 seconds, 4300 a day. …” - John C. Grover, The Hellmakers, Veritas Publishing Co., PO Box 42, Cranbrook, WA 6321, 1993, p.36. – If that is not extreme terrorist mass murder against most innocent people, then what is? What makes it worse is that the criminals involved are the parents and medical professionals. – JZ, 8.10.07.

ABORTION: Adoption, not abortion.” - Dangerous Buttons, No. 502.

ABORTION: All the conventional wars and mass murders and individual murders of history combined, have not produced as many or as innocent victims as abortions have. Most of the former were committed by relative strangers, while most of the latter are committed by the parents of the victims, with professional help and often quite legally. How will an enlightened future judge our times, our actions and our non-actions? - Mind you, I do not recommend a civil war on this issue but it is definitely important enough to be a cause for sorting ourselves out via individual secessionism. That would also facilitate all kinds of discriminations and boycotts against these exterminators, short of violent armed clashes. I would e.g. rather buy goods and services from non-abortionists only. - JZ 20.4.89, 21.1.93.

ABORTION: Allow the fetus to make the abortion decision himself - 20 years later. - JZ, 30.9.91. - No fetus can vote for abortion. - JZ, 21.1.93.

ABORTION: Almost any crawling or flying beasts or rare plant can nowadays claim legal protection - but not the unborn human child. - JZ, 20.4.87. See: CONSERVATIONISM.

ABORTION: An aborted sperm or ovum was at most only ½ of the full potential so far required for the growth of an independent new human life. Until cloning is perfected, either has not yet a full potential. Since either has only half the chromosomes required, these cells can never reach their potential alone. Skin cells, for instance, would have a better chance for being cloned. But this kind of potential remains entirely asleep, permanently, until it is, in future, “fertilized” by a high science cloning effort. Once that is undertaken, and the automatic growth potential into a complete human being is reached, then it would also be wrong to intentionally abort such a cell or fetus. - JZ, 3.7.85. 20.1.93. – But unintentionally we shed e.g. numerous skin cells every day, which, unaided, could not be developed into a cloned human being. Much of the house dust consists of such cells. – JZ, 3.11.08.

ABORTION: Annually about 300 million abortions take place world-wide, according to some estimate. How many special talents may thus be killed off, not given any chance to develop? Probably anywhere between 3 and 30 million. – JZ, 13.4.07, 16.10.07. - And the rest have the same right to life! – JZ, 3.11.08.

ABORTION: Any act involving another living human being, no matter how young that other one is, and especially if it deprives the other of his life, is not a private act. - JZ, 24.2.91.

ABORTION: Are there statistics on possible correlations between abortions and their numbers and births and their numbers upon the life span of mothers? - JZ 13.10.92. - One could almost wish that it could be proven that women would shorten their life span by 5 years with every abortion they undertake. - JZ 20.1.93.

ABORTION: As long as we tolerate totalitarian regimes, majority despotism and the nuclear war threat and abominations like abortion and have not yet bothered to learn how to cope with unemployment and inflation, we are all of us only potentially human. - JZ, n.d. – How many or how few are also those people who have so far shown a serious interest in all individual rights and liberties, enough to wish to contribute to an ideal declaration of all of them? – JZ, 3.11.08.

ABORTION: "Children can’t be held responsible since children don’t cause themselves. They are not trespassers or uninvited guests but are captives in a situation imposed upon them without their assent, by their parents. The inability of parents to obtain their children’s assent is not relevant since the burden of obtaining assent is always upon the actors.” - Doris Gordon, REASON, 8/78.

ABORTION: Even most libertarians and anarchists are prepared to sanction mass murder - when it comes to the human fetus. - JZ, 15.8.92.

ABORTION: Every abortion aborts all rights and liberties of one still helpless unborn human being. To consider it as a right of the mother is absurd. - JZ, 30.9.91, 21.1.93.

ABORTION: every political observer or political actor of vision must take cognizance of the dead and the unborn.” - Jonathan Schell, The Fate of the Earth, p.122. – “Nuclear Strength” is the abortion instrument for mankind. – JZ, 3.11.08. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

ABORTION: Existence exists and the fetus is identical with the later child and adult, from conception. It’s just at a different stage of growth, as are all of us, all through our lives, from our beginnings to our end, hopefully sometime in eternity. - JZ, n.d., 20.1.93.

ABORTION: Annually about 300 million abortions take place world-wide, according to some estimate. How many special talents may thus be killed off, not given any chance to develop? Probably anywhere between 3 and 30 million.—JZ, 13.4.07, 16.10.07. - And the rest have the same right to life! – JZ, 3.11.08.

ABORTION: Any act involving another living human being, no matter how young that other one is, and especially if it deprives the other of his life, is not a private act. - JZ, 24.2.91.

ABORTION: Are there statistics on possible correlations between abortions and their numbers and births and their numbers upon the life span of mothers? - JZ 13.10.92. - One could almost wish that it could be proven that women would shorten their life span by 5 years with every abortion they undertake. - JZ 20.1.93.

ABORTION: As long as we tolerate totalitarian regimes, majority despotism and the nuclear war threat and abominations like abortion and have not yet bothered to learn how to cope with unemployment and inflation, we are all of us only potentially human. - JZ, n.d. – How many or how few are also those people who have so far shown a serious interest in all individual rights and liberties, enough to wish to contribute to an ideal declaration of all of them? – JZ, 3.11.08.

ABORTION: Even most libertarians and anarchists are prepared to sanction mass murder - when it comes to the human fetus. - JZ, 15.8.92.

ABORTION: Every abortion aborts all rights and liberties of one still helpless unborn human being. To consider it as a right of the mother is absurd. - JZ, 30.9.91, 21.1.93.

ABORTION: every political observer or political actor of vision must take cognizance of the dead and the unborn.” - Jonathan Schell, The Fate of the Earth, p.122. – “Nuclear Strength” is the abortion instrument for mankind. – JZ, 3.11.08. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

ABORTION: Existence exists and the fetus is identical with the later child and adult, from conception. It’s just at a different stage of growth, as are all of us, all through our lives, from our beginnings to our end, hopefully sometime in eternity. - JZ, n.d., 20.1.93.

ABORTION: Frank Crick has estimated that the amount of information contained in the chromosomes of a single fertilised human egg is equivalent to about a thousand printed volumes of books, each as large as a volume of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. This amount of coded instruction packed into the size of a millionth of a pinhead, is the remarkable material which transmits information from parent to offspring, to tell the next generation how to make a person.” - Hudson Hoagland, quoted in Leonard E. Read’s The Free Man’s Almanac, for June 26. - Instead of looking down on it, this fact should make them look up to it, like to a similar micrographic or electronic work of art. The small size of an information package should increase rather than decrease our respect for it. It does, but alas, only when it comes e.g. to miniaturised printing or electronic chips etc. - JZ, 5.9.77, 21.1.93. 

ABORTION: Give babies a choice.” - Anti-Abortion Slogan, quoted in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 14.4.84.

ABORTION: Governments, at least in countries like Australia, do not consider the unborn as parasites but as potential taxpayers and subjects. Thus considered, abortion would probably be the least defensible tax strike and resistance action. Suicide would stand, morally, high above it. - JZ 21.1.93.

ABORTION: Have we no right to liberty just because its full realisation is only a future potential of the present reality, an idea merely germinating in some brain cells? - JZ 23.4.89.

ABORTION: How can a situation which we are responsible for causing, give rise to a right to kill the non-assenting person affected?” - Doris Gordon, in REASON, 8/78. - Even in case of rape it would simply double the number of victims, for the fetus, if it results, is also an innocent party. - JZ 20.1.93.

ABORTION: However we may pity the mother whose health or even life is imperiled by the performance of her natural duty, there yet remains no sufficient reason for condoning the direct murder of the innocent.” – Pope Pius XI, Casti connubii, Dec. 31, 1930.

ABORTION: I could only reconcile abortion with the right of self-defense, namely the right of the mother to protect herself and her health against even her own unborn child if the birth of that child threatened her. It has been my feeling that our religion does justify the taking of life in self-defense. I cannot accept that simply on whim even a mother has the right to take the life of her unborn child simply because she thinks that child will be born less than perfect or because she just doesn’t want to be bothered. …” - Ronald Reagan, p. 92, in “Sincerely, Ronald Reagan”, a collection of his letters, compiled by his secretary Helene von Damm, 1976.

ABORTION: I find myself unable to consider any human offspring as anything other than human in any stage of their development. - JZ, 26.7.85. – “Just a bit of protoplasm”? So are your brain and your heart and your sex organs! – JZ, 21.9.08. –

ABORTION: I hold that abortion is murder and would never voluntarily join a community which recommended it or morally tolerated it. But I would not rely on the government to outlaw it for me. Governments have not been successful in this, either, if it is true that ca. 40 million children are killed every year, world wide, before they are born. At the same time, I would not object if - at this stage of all too limited enlightenment - the pro-abortionists seceded from my community or from the present State and did their “own” thing, i.e., did their own children in. In the long run, ruthless as this sounds, this would help to reduce the number of people who are immoral enough to commit infanticide on their own children before they are born. We cannot protect right now all innocent victims of violent actions by all people all over the world. At most we can do so within our own volunteer groups, and set an example to all others. - JZ, n.d. & 20.1.93.

ABORTION: "I will not give a woman an instrument to procure abortion.” – Part of the Hippocratic Oath, taken by medical students on receiving their degrees, and supposed to have been drawn up by Hippocrates, ca. 400 B.C.

ABORTION: I wonder how many parents would abort their own children if our family, social and economic relations were such that in their old age they would economically and socially depend upon their children, individually, not in the way any generation depends upon the other. - JZ 21.1.93.

ABORTION: "If a kid has a right to food, shelter, etc. outside a woman’s body, then why doesn’t it have that right inside her body?” - Freiarzt, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 15.2.73.

ABORTION: If a maid with child says to her lover, “I have conceived by thee”, and he says, “Go, then, to the old woman and ask her for a drug, that thou mayest miscarry”, and the old women gives her some bangs or shaeta, that kills in the womb, then the sin is on the head of all three.” – The Zend-Avesta ( The Vendidad, xv ), ca. 550 B.C.

ABORTION: If a woman of her own accord drops that which is in her, they shall crucify her and not bury her.” – The Assyrian Code, ca. 2000 B.C. – While the death penalty was excessive then and there, especially if “society” had a strong bias against single mothers and their “bastards”, the moral stand against abortion was then and there better than it is today. – JZ, 21.9.08.

ABORTION: If people are not property after birth, why should they be property before their birth? – JZ, 14.2.87.

ABORTION: If the individuality of an individual is not largely predetermined by its genes, present already in its first cell, then it is not predetermined either once it is born, when it is 1, 10, 50 or 100 years old. – The development of an individual from the first cell to his death, is continuous, even when most of its life for the first 9 months is out of sight. – And each individual carries within himself much of the heritage of mankind in a quite unique combination. - JZ, 30.3.89, 10.10.97, 21.9.08. - INDIVIDUALITY, HUMAN HERITAGE

ABORTION: If the pro-abortionists with their immoral, limited and faulty notions continue to predominate among libertarians, then the general and long-term outlook for liberty is bleak. They are then, apparently, unable to apply their own principles - and most other questions are morally and factually less clear and easy. – Moreover, then, over generations, they would also largely eliminate themselves. – JZ, 16.9.93, 21.9.08. - LIBERTARIANISM

ABORTION: If you can’t trust me with a choice, how can you trust me with a child?” - Bumper sticker seen in LA, Jan. 91. - If I can trust you to kill an unborn, when it suits you, I could trust you, too, to kill a born baby when it suits you. - JZ 11.1.91. - 9 months do usually not make all that much difference in any person’s life. But deprive a person of any of his first 9 month and he will not live to experience any more. - JZ, 21.1.93. – If people have no moral restraints against killing their own unborn children can they be trusted towards born children of others and towards other adults? – JZ, 3.11.08. -

ABORTION: In my libertarian world-wide, but exterritorial, community any member involved in an abortion would be excommunicated at the least, if not highly fined or otherwise punished. In the possibly far future, when abortion has already become as unpopular as the murder of born children is now, the members of this community would sooner or later also claim the right to appoint themselves as guardians of an unborn child against its murderously inclined parents and would sue them for damages - for the benefit of other unborn children, through a trust-fund - in case they murdered their child. It could thus become quite “uneconomical” to murder an unborn child. Naturally, for the foreseeable future, this anti-abortion community would peacefully coexist with pro-abortion communities and with those communities that have no community policy on this question. By the nature of the procedure, pro-abortionists would, over many generations, tend to abort themselves. Or people with the kind of mentality allows them to rationalise themselves into such actions, would become rarer and rarer in the human stock. If my own anti-abortionist society ever became a pro-abortionist one, I would feel no loyalty towards the changed community but only to its older ideals. Thus I would secede from the new one, as much as I would from a Hitler, Stalin or Mao regime. - JZ, n.d. & 20.1.93.

ABORTION: In the long run, the pro-abortionists will finally abort themselves, while the human race will be continued by the anti-abortionists. I would welcome that change, and would love to live to see that day. - JZ 20.4.89, 21.1.93. – The average IQ, judgment and morality index would also be much higher by then. – JZ, 3.11.08.

ABORTION: Is a fetus only a potential human? Then you may also be murdered before you have reached your personal potential as a human being. - JZ 22.7.91.

ABORTION: Is a fetus only a potential human? Then you may also be murdered before you have reached your personal potential as a human being. - JZ 22.7.91.

ABORTION: Is abortion a result of a kind of “free choice? – “The natural choice is life!” – From a leaflet of the Queensland Right to Life organization. - The natural and moral choice is life, not death for others. – JZ, 21.9.08.

ABORTION: Is it wrong to kill “enemy” conscripts en mass, and civilian victims of enemy governments, but right to kill your own children, when they are still unborn? - JZ 30.9.91. - I would call that a murderous degree of short-sightedness and indifference. - JZ, 21.1.93. – Compare the opposition against “drones” and the number of innocents unintentionally killed by them. – JZ, 18.1.13.

ABORTION: Is murder a man’s choice, or a woman’s choice? Should genuine guardians of the unborn have no say in the matter when parents want to kill their unborn children? And aren’t more than half of the unborn and the born children males? Would abortions be rightful if women killed only the female unborn? Can the male genetic contribution in male and female unborn children be rightfully ignored? This kind of mass murder of innocents is combined with so much ignorance, stupidity, prejudice and unfounded righteousness, it’s almost unbelievable. Going to the roots or the rooting of this mass murder problem: Conception should be a free and intentional act among both parties involved or x parties under other voluntary sexual arrangements. - JZ, 23.1.01, 2.2.02. - A WOMAN’S RIGHT &CHOICE?

ABORTION: It’s a woman’s body and concern.” - No, it’s a child in a woman’s body. And more often than not, it is a male rather than a female child, too. - JZ 22.7.91. – The father is also involved, at least morally & financially. – JZ, 3.11.08. –

ABORTION: Johnson went on to quote Nathaniel Branden who contends that since parents are responsible for the existence of the fetus which by nature cannot survive by itself, they are morally responsible for supporting it until it is capable of supporting itself.” - New Libertarian Weekly, No. 70, of April 17, 1977. ( Dr. Thomas Johnson, Prof. of biology at Mary Washington College. )

ABORTION: Libertarians who support abortion do partly abort their movement. – JZ, 17.8.93. –LIBERTARIANISM

ABORTION: Life was not meant to be aborted.” - Slogan seen in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 14.4.84.

ABORTION: Man is a mystery. To trivialise that mystery, to treat human life as of little consequence, is to make human society inhuman. Some may call it freedom to resolve personal and social problems without giving human life at every stage of its existence the absolute respect that it is due. But freedom is emptied of all value if it (JZ: ???)  degrades and brutalises.” - Address to a rally organised by Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, Chelmsford, Nov. 7, 1976, in Bachman’s Book of Freedom Quotations, p. 206. - Abortion degrades and brutalises - and kills its victims. JZ 12.11.82, 21.1.93.

ABORTION: Naturally, there should never be any economic or social pressure upon a girl or woman to undertake an abortion. Under full economic, political and social freedom there would not be, at least not in some communities, which all girls and women in such trouble would be free to join. - JZ, 20.1.93.

ABORTION: Needed is an economic system in which having children is an economic asset, as it used to be, for a long time in our history, in many countries, when most people were still involved in agriculture, and definitely not a great economic burden, often almost unbearable for the parents. – Naturally, upbringing and education loans should also become widely available. People are still our greatest “resource”. Several books of Julian L. Simon have made a very good case for this. – JZ, 21.10.07. - CHILD-RAISING COSTS

ABORTION: non-viable fetus”. Are adults are non-viable when not supported by mother Earth, at the bottom of the air ocean surrounding it, or, i.e., without a space suit or space ship or space station in almost empty space? Or underwater, without diving gear, for more than minutes! All viability is conditional! – Are born babies immediately self-supporting? - JZ 4.7.89, 3.11.08.

ABORTION: Nothing but murder.” - Dietrich Bonhoeffer. - “Infanticide”. - Flavius Josephus. - “The direct murder of the innocent.” - Pope Pius XI. - “A capital crime.” - Talmud, Sanhedrin 576, e. - “Premature murder.” - Tertullian.

ABORTION: only the immoral or the uncaring seek abortion.” - Quoted in REASON, 5/77.

ABORTION: Perhaps the suitable “penalty” for each abortion should be for the woman to bear two children (from self-chosen and willing fathers or sperm donors) and for the father of the aborted child to adopt two children? But what would be the suitable penalty for the medical assistant of an abortion? – Anyhow, different panarchies will adopt different stands towards abortion. At the present state of enlightenment a world without any willful abortions cannot be enforced or otherwise achieved. – JZ, 20.9.08.

ABORTION: Prevention of birth is a precipitation of murder. He also is a man who is about to be one.” – Tertullian, Apologeticus, 197. – I guess he meant the female unborn as well. – JZ - - Prevention of birth is a precipitation of murder.” - Tertullian, Apology, 39, quoted by Seldes, The Great Quotations.

ABORTION: published “wanted” posters … branding individual abortion providers as “baby butchers”. - FREEDOM DAILY NEWS, 30.3.01. - . The term is still too good for them, for butchers do not butcher their own babies and then throw their flesh and bones in the garbage. – JZ, 3.11.08. - BABY BUTCHERS, ABORTIONISTS

ABORTION: Recognize your children as your own, even before they are born! Don’t turn wombs into death cells for your children. – JZ, 9.12.97.

ABORTION: Seeing how often adults murder other adults, in peace or in war, we should not be surprised at how often they do murder quite defenceless born or still unborn children, whenever it suits them. – JZ, 21.9.08.

ABORTION: Seeing how wide-spread the practice of abortion is, it does, naturally, find many spirited defenders, who rationalise it. For who would like to consider himself or herself as the murderer of any child, least of all the own? There were probably less voices raised (as a percentage of the then existing population) in favour of burning children as sacrifices to gods - and less such victims. - JZ 30.12.81.

ABORTION: Since when do we have a right to unilaterally terminate our obligations to others, especially by dismembering or burning them to death and then evicting them from a place in which they have a right to stay?” - Doris Gordon, Coordinator, LFL, Libertarians for Life, Wheaton, MD, in Reason, 8/78.

ABORTION: Some parents attempt to say to their child, which they are aborting: “We kill you for your own good!” - JZ 10.6.80. - Give them the chance to commit suicide later, if they really want to. - JZ 20.1.93.

ABORTION: That is the difference between gods and men - gods do not murder their children. They do not exterminate themselves.” - Frank Herbert & Bill Ransom, The Jesus Incident, p.174. – Unless you assume that all the murders in war and peace happen based upon the will of a God, a supposedly “loving father” of all of us, his supposed “children”, a father mighty enough to prevent all their murders, if he wanted to. – JZ, 3.11.08. - WAR, GODS, MAN, TERRORISM, MASS MURDER

ABORTION: That unborn babies are human beings is a scientific fact, not an opinion in political theory.” - George Steven Swan, NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY, No. 71, April 24, 1977. - In spite of all the birth defects that do occur, there is during all of human recorded history not a single case on record where a mother gave birth so something other than a human being, even in cases where they were extremely defective, were stillborn or did not or could not survive for long. - JZ, 21.1.93.

ABORTION: The civil extermination war against the own unborn children, the most atrocious civil war of all. - JZ 5.9.86. It has not even the excuse of a religion, which has misled the parents in the past into sanctioning the child sacrifice of their own children. - JZ 6.9.86, 21.1.93.

ABORTION: The fertilised ovum “cannot be a part of the mother ( it has an entirely different set of chromosomes ) but is a separate and unique human life.” - Karl T. Pflock, in THE FREEMAN. - I would add: “in its normal early stage.” - JZ, 20.1.93.

ABORTION: The fetus has a right to life.” - Dr. Thomas Johnson, Prof. of biology at Mary Washington College, NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY, Nor. 70, of April 17, 1977.

ABORTION: THE free choice - for the fetus and his or her responsible guardian. - JZ 30.9.91. - By seriously considering abortion - parents disqualify themselves for guardianship over their unborn. - JZ 21.1.93.

ABORTION: The greatest destroyer of peace is abortion because if a mother can kill her own child what is left but for me to kill you and you to kill me? There is nothing between.” - Mother Teresa, Nobel Peace Prize Lecture 1979. - 45 million abortions p.a. were reported in 1992: Beyond 2,000, TV, 9.6.92. Thus, how many times the death rate of W.W.II have you lived through? - JZ 21.1.93.

ABORTION: The main difference between a born and an unborn child is their geographic location...” - Freiarzt, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 15.2.73.

ABORTION: The Nazis killed babies, too.” - Anti-Abortionist slogan in the U.S., quoted in THE AUSTRALIAN, 13.9.84. - The Nazis actually killed many less babies than the abortionists did and do, namely ca. 25 to 100 million a year. The estimates differ as widely. And in the case of the Nazis it was not the own parents and their trusted family doctor who did the killing. - JZ 14.9.87, 20.1.93.

ABORTION: The pro-abortionists should have been aborted. - JZ 6.5.80. - Abortionists should have been aborted. - JZ 54.7.89. - Over the centuries and millennia, most of them will be! - JZ 20.1.93.

ABORTION: The so-called ‘right to feel wanted’ of a child can often be much better served by adoptive parents than by natural ones. - JZ 10.6.80. - So far, in relatively free countries, there is no shortage of couples who want to adopt children - but here, too, the bureaucrats do get in the way. - JZ20.1.93.

ABORTION: The termination of a pregnancy with extreme prejudice.” - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon. - Judging by the number of victims involved, abortion is worse than wars and revolutions and civil wars and genocide attempts, worse even than the numbers of deaths from traffic accidents. At least in the last case the deaths are usually unintentional. - JZ, 21.1.93.

ABORTION: There is nothing like being still too small and young and quite innocent a human being to “justify”, in the eyes of all too many, the denial of one’s humanity and right to life. – JZ, 2.3.93, 21.9.08.

ABORTION: To assert that the fetus was a constitutional person (this is a legal issue, not one of religious belief) from conception, would give the State power to legislate (*) for all kinds of restrictions on the behaviour of pregnant women - for example forbidding them to smoke or drink - not just the right to take abortifacient drugs within a week or so of missing a period.” - Padraic P. McGuinness, THE AUSTRALIAN, 4.7.89. (*) Rather a class action opportunity against child poisoners, on behalf of the unborn. - JZ

ABORTION: To deny the rights of “aliens” or to ascribe a subhuman nature to them or to force them into second class citizenship is, alas, still an all too common human failing. But to deny the rights of the “little strangers”, who are the own unborn children, does reveal an almost subhuman callousness towards human life, even towards one’s own flesh and blood. - JZ, 20.4.89, 21.1.93. Even most animals take care of their own offspring. – JZ, 3.11.08.

ABORTION: To kill or not to kill an unborn child? What a “free choice”! Free choice for whom? Certainly not for the aborted fetus or for its rightful and effective guardian. Certainly not only a “free choice” for the mother, for not only her own body is involved. Morally, father and the own unborn child are also involved, with the latter being the most innocent of all human creatures, the one needing and being naturally entitled to the greatest protection by its parents or other guardians. One should not play with or abuse as important words as “choice” in connection with as murderous actions. – This choice is much like the “choices” which atrocious criminals, with their wrongful threats, impose upon innocent victims. – But here they are self-selected in most cases, often merely because of emotions, immaturity, or out of financial motives or out of conditions of governmentally imposed or made possible poverty and ignorance. - JZ, 4.3.06, 29.10.07. & CHOICE,

ABORTION: "We cannot treat the human embryo as cheap and worthless without passing judgement on all human life, including our own.” - Monica Furlong, Christian Uncertainties.

ABORTION: "Why do those who are opposed to kangaroo slaughter and capital punishment favour abortion?” - Chuck Brookes.

ABORTION: Without let-up we are still accused because of the mass murder of Jews. Of this the individual and the people as a whole are not guilty, because we were completely powerless and could do nothing against it. But with regard to today’s mass murder (of abortion) everyone is also guilty who does nothing against it by his vote, for today he has this possibility.” - Erika Herbst: Alle suchen nach Loesungen - wir haben sie, S. 39. - Not exactly a libertarian solution but an indication of all too widespread or collective guilt. We do not have the consent of the victims here but the consensus of the victimisers. The Nazis had the relative “excuse”, or rather rationalisation, that they were not mass murdering or aborting their own children or close relatives (going far enough back, we are all related to each other) but, rather, relative strangers, whom they considered as their irreconcilable enemies. ( Jews had actually contributed more to “German” culture and civilisation than the average German had and just wanted to be left alone or even to be integrated under general religious and cultural liberty. ) - JZ, 21.1.93.

ABORTION: You can turn a fetus into a lump of tissue only by killing it! - JZ 9.6.82.

ABORTION: "You know why they call it birth control? Because it’s meant to stop a birth from happening nine months later. We know when life begins. Everyone who ever bought a pack of condom knows when life begins. To put it another way, with conception something begins. What do you think it is? A car? A 1948 Buick?” — Peggy Noonan in PATRIOTPOST US 27 8 08.

ABSOLUTISM: the spirit of ‘You will be free, like it or not!’” - Tibor Machan, Liberty & Culture, p.243. - Since most remain territorialists, even if territorial decentralists, they remain to that extent absolutistic, authoritarian, totalitarian and intolerant. - JZ, 21.1.93. – Not libertarianism but confinement of their statism to their own volunteers, under exterritorial autonomy, could be rightly forced upon statists. – JZ, 3.11.08 - INTOLERANCE AMONG ANARCHISTS & LIBERTARIANS

ABSOLUTISM: Absolutism became popularised as plebiscite democracy.” - Marc Eric Ely-Chaitlin, THE ROYALIST STANDARD, 1898, p. 19.

ABSOLUTISM: Absolutism has absolutely limited rightful powers. - J. & D.Z., 31.10.82. - Namely the power over its voluntary members only, which they have granted it. - JZ 21.1.93.

ABSOLUTISM: "Absolutism is the principle of authority which is most logically represented in the State and the church. Until this principle is overthrown, the so-called ‘culture nations’ will continue to sink deeper and deeper into the bog of power-politics and a dead industrial technique (JZ: ???); this, too, at the cost of that freedom and manhood out of which alone there can grow for us a higher social culture.” – Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.432.

ABSOLUTISM: Territorialism, national sovereignty, compulsory state membership or subjugation and uniform constitutions, legislation, and jurisdiction for the whole territorial population are the worst absolutist and even totalitarian features of all States today, even the democratic and republican ones. - JZ 21.1.93.

ABSTRACTIONS: Evil is the systematic substitution of the abstract for the concrete.” - Jean Paul Satre. - I can think of some other evils. - JZ, 6.4.89. - But forcing people to give their lives, liberty, property, earnings and other rights in the service of abstractions, imposed upon them as supposedly higher goals for all, that, indeed, is a great wrong and evil. - Aims and programmes, principles, dogmas and institutions, chosen by others and imposed upon peaceful dissenters, are wrong and evil. For this it does not matter whether they are more or less abstract or more or less concrete. Let each choose his own. - JZ., 21.1.93.

ABSTRACTIONS: Thus they proceed, laborious in trifles, constant in experiment, without one single abstraction, by which alone knowledge may be properly said to increase; till, at last, their ideas, ever employed upon minute things, contract to the size of the diminutive object, and a single mite shall fill their whole mind’s capacity.” - Oliver Goldsmith, The Citizen of the World, 245. - Abstractions that sum up reality are not abstractions related only to the imagination. - JZ 7.4.91. The decisive point for peaceful, rightful and free relations is whether concrete or abstract aims are self-chosen or imposed. - JZ, 21.1.93 - GENERALISATIONS.

ABSURDITIES: If we believe in absurdities we shall commit atrocities.” - Voltaire, 1694-1778. - “To paraphrase Voltaire, men will stop committing atrocities when men stop believing absurdities.” - BELIEFS, ATROCITIES, IDEOLOGIES, INTOLERANCE, FANATICISM, TYRANNY, MYTHS, PREJUDICES, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, TERRITORIALISM

ABUNDANCE: Space is full of raw materials and energies and space. Respect for other people’s rights and liberties requires, naturally, that you cease dumping your garbage and poisons upon them. Under freedom rather than statism, they could effectively defend themselves against such abuses. Earth’s resources are still only fractionally used. If all human flesh, blood and bones were squashed and spread over its land surface, it would make such a thin film - that it would be barely noticeable. As little living matter and much more, is easily sustainable, permanently, under full freedom. But this ball of dirt and its hard surface is not our only option. - JZ 21.1.93. - See: POPULATION, RESOURCES, OVERPOPULATION?, SCARCITY, SUSTAINABILITY, ECONOMIES, SHORTAGES

ABUNDANCE: The consumer becomes richer in proportion as he buys more cheaply, that he buys more cheaply as goods become more abundant, and that abundance is produce by allowing the fullest possible production. Thus all laws designed to interfere with the productive miracle are eventually laws punishing the consumer.” – G. C. Roche III, Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.219. - CONSUMER PROTECTION, LAWS, REGULATIONS, RESTRICTIONS

ABUNDANCE: The problem of production, for hundreds of years yet to come, will be a problem of manpower to produce the raw materials, and manpower to make and operate the machines.” - Sir Ronald East, The Faith of an Engineer, p. 5. – SCARCITY, UNEMPLOYMENT, RESOURCES, MACHINES, PRODUCTION, MANPOWER

ABUNDANCE: The simple fact is that in all those activities where freedom, competition, and private enterprise have been left to operate in a natural way, there has arisen abundance.” - Ernest Benn, Modern Governments, 199. – FREEDOM, POVERTY

ABUSES: Do not suppose that abuses are eliminated by destroying the object which is abused. Men can go wrong with wine and women. Shall we then prohibit and abolish women?” – Martin Luther. - Nor are any affairs between consenting adults to be considered and treated like abuses by outsiders. Capitalism among consenting adults! That would prevent all “abuses” among such adults. The same applies to any form of socialism among consenting adults. - JZ, 24. 11. 06. - ABOLITIONISM, PROHIBITIONS

ABUSES: It will be found an unjust and unwise jealousy to deprive a man of his natural liberty upon a supposition that he may abuse it.” - Oliver Cromwell, 1599-1658. - However, governments, with their unnatural powers and systems, have become so abusive towards their supposed masters, that this kind of abuse could only be stopped or reduced to relative harmlessness, by reducing their powers to the minimum, i.e., to exterritorial autonomy by and over volunteers only. - JZ 21.1.93.

ABUSES: The essential problem is not that the system is abused - the real crime is that the system is able to be abused.” - Viv Forbes, Mine Your Own Business, 1977, p. 2. - I would rather say: “...the system can be abused.” - All territorial and monopolistic and power systems can and should be reduced. Panarchism would reduce them to exterritorial, competitive ones, autonomous only over their own affairs, as determined by their voluntary members. - JZ 21.1.93.

ABUSES: To argue against any branch of liberty from the ill use that may be made of it, is to argue against liberty itself, since all is capable of being abused.” - Lord Lyttleton. - It would rather argue against irresponsibility, irrationality, immorality and arbitrary actions. - JZ 21.1.93.

ABUSES: To suppress the abuse of property means to extinguish it, just as much as to strike out an entry on the debtor side means also striking it out on the creditor side of an account.” - Proudhon, quoted in Zenker, Anarchism, p. 33. - PROPERTY, REGULATIONS, RESTRICTIONS, CONTROLS, FAILURES

ACADEMIC FREEDOM: Bayes makes an observation: ‘It is interesting to note that many professors who do not share this traditional view of property, pay it unwitting tribute when they insist upon “academic freedom”. For so-called academic freedom is nothing more than the right to hold (i.e. to own) opinions and to utter (to use and enjoy and dispose of, as property) those opinions. If they are paid for a speech, an article in a periodical, or a book, they are being paid for the articulate expression of their expert (or perhaps merely interesting) opinion. It is absurd to suppose that they should receive payment for something that was not theirs to sell, not their property. The property lies in their opinion, which is fortified and given commercial value by their expert background knowledge and their ability to express that opinion clearly and interestingly.’” - The Incredible Bread Machine, 142. ( Richard Grant’s edition or the later popularised version? ) - PROPERTY RIGHTS, STATE SOCIALISM, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY

ACADEMIC FREEDOM: "Freedom to be academic". - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon.

ACADEMIC FREEDOM: "In state after state down through history - Red China being the current glaring example - where there has been no economic freedom, there has been no academic freedom. The two go hand-in-hand. Those who want to preserve their academic freedom, would do well to support and promote economic freedom, For, if the day ever comes when a ruling elite controls the economy down to the smallest detail, that will also be the day when a few men holding a monopoly of political power will control the academic community, down to the smallest detail.” - Loyal Meek, in Leonard E. Read’s Free Man’s Almanac, entry for October 17.

ACADEMIC FREEDOM: "It would seem that what we actually find is not academic freedom (i.e. freedom of speech) at all, but rather, academic license on the part of the faculty and academic silence on the part of the students.” - Thomas Johnson, Option, 6/77.

ACADEMICS: Academic experts: People who spend a lot of time in school often come to believe that they know more about the world than the people who live in it.” - National Taxpayer’s Union, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 10/77. - How long did it take before a handful of academics finally took up some radical libertarian ideas and how far are most even of these academics still behind the freedom teachings of some of the freedom pioneers? What a tiny minority they are compared with the hordes of academics that excused or rationalised every State characteristic and intervention! - JZ 21.1.93.

ACADEMICS: I have seen the libraries of several libertarian and anarchist scholars and was surprised rather about what they did not contain rather than what they did. The book market has apparently insufficiently supplied and informed them. Without ready access to all freedom writings can anyone become a genuine scholar of liberty options? - JZ, 21.1.93. – Q.

ACADEMICS: Natural folly is bad enough, but learned folly is intolerable.” - Thomas Fuller, in 1732, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 26.5.75.

ACADEMICS: The few modern academic writers who expressed panarchistic and monetary freedom ideas, all too belatedly, take note only of each other and not of the many prior writings of non-academics on these subjects. They and their teachings are also still ignored by most other academics. Most academic writers and lecturers still ignore these freedom options altogether or imagine them to be outdated. – JZ, 15.1.05. - Moreover, tax payers are forced to maintain these statist priests with their wrongful numerous wrongful and harmful dogmas, prejudices and false premises. And no one is allowed to opt out of the wrongful and coercive territorial systems and institutions that have been and still are constitutionally, legally and juridically established and also supported by the misleading academics, with their statist preachings. – JZ, 24.10.07. - ECONOMISTS & MONETARY FREEDOM, POLITICAL SCIENTISTS

ACCOUNTABILITY: The two maxims which Mill says together form the entire doctrine of the essay ‘On Liberty’ are, first, that the individual is not accountable to society for his actions, in so far as these concern the interests of no person but himself; and secondly, that for such actions as are prejudicial to the interests of others, the individual is accountable, and may be subjected either to social or to legal punishments, if society is of the opinion that the one or the other is requisite for its protection...” - S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p.112. - The interests of others or their rights? Busybodies take often too much interests in the exercise of basic rights by others and then they pass e.g. obscenity laws and prohibition acts against alcohol, other narcotic drugs, nudism etc. etc. - JZ 21.1.93. See Self-responsibility, Internal Affairs, Individualism, Individual Sovereignty.

ACHIEVEMENT: I’m for the achiever.” - Upton Mille, THE FREEMAN, 3/73. - Freedom for both, the over-achievers and the underachievers, so that both can achieve what they are capable of achieving and want to achieve. - JZ 21.1.93. - SUCCESS, EGALITARIANISM, REDISTRIBUTION, SOCIALISM, TAXATION

ACHIEVEMENT: the sight of an achievement was the greatest gift a human being could offer to others.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, 226. - Perhaps the second greatest gift might be the experience offered by “competing governments” of volunteer communities, that tolerantly practised one or the other statist economic system within themselves, at their own risk and expense, thereby publicly disproving it, in free competition with various forms of free societies practised among their volunteers! The right to fail is almost as important as the right to succeed. Together they constitute the right to try or experiment - in every sphere. Ayn Rand would not grant it but insisted still upon a “limited” government with compulsory membership and an exclusive territorial monopoly. However, she did envision some form of voluntary taxation and made many panarchistic sounding remarks. - JZ, 21.1.93. – Already the comprehensive registration of mere ideas, projects and proposals, would be an enormous achievement and could provide a market for the realization of all the good ideas among them, a great chance for their originators and promoters. – What passes now as “news” is, mostly, trivially insignificant with such a free market. – Enlightenment and progress could be immensely speeded up. - JZ, 4.11.08. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT, PROJECTS LIST, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM

ACHIEVEMENT: We must dream of an aristocracy of achievement arising out of a democracy of opportunity.” - Jefferson, quoted in: C. Bingham, Men & Affairs. - By all means. Do become e.g. a micrographics pioneer, helping to finally getting all the pro freedom writings readily in print and keep them in print, at affordable prices, easily readable with simple and affordable machines. Anyone can become a microfiche publisher and reader. - JZ 21.1.93. The same does now apply to electronic publishing. Even cheaper than many books offered on websites are numerous books offered in discs: Up to 6 on a humble floppy, up to 3000 on a CD, 15,000 on a DVD and over 3 million on an external HD of 1 TB! A complete freedom reference library on your desk? Why aren’t millions of supposed freedom lovers rushing to realize, between them, that freedom of information and freedom of expression, free enterprise and free trading option? – Why do they, rather, try, largely in vain, to push only fractions of it in limited, and, mostly, expensive printed editions, apart from the ones of on-demand publishing? – JZ, 4.11.08, 19.1.13. – LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, COMPREHENSIVE PUBLISHING, BIBLIOGRAPHY, REVIEWS, ABSTRACTS, ENCYCLOPEDIA, SCANNERS FOR LIBERTY

ACQUIESCENCE: Nothing so soon destroys freedom as cowardly and servile acquiescence. Men will never have any more liberty than they are ready to fight to take and preserve.” - Clarence Darrow, quoted by Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.355. - But for this they may have to established ideal local volunteer militias for the protection of individual rights, internationally federated and armed, trained and organized to defend them effectively. An individual cannot always succeed in facing down statist aggression on his own. More often than not he will then achieve only a martyr’s crown or become one of the unknown fallen soldiers for liberty. – Alas, not even an ideal individual rights declaration has been compiled or published so far and I have not encountered any interest in such a project – among supposed “freedom-lovers”! - JZ, 21.1.93.

ACTION: What could be done was so far ahead of what had been done.” – Carl Sagan, Contact, 27. – What is still needed, among many other things, is a common, comprehensive and well publicized digitized list of current libertarian projects, inviting collaborators from all over the world, thus raising the necessary manpower and funds for larger projects. – JZ, 8.9.07. - DOING THE RIGHT THING, LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS LIST, LIBERTARIAN IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTARIAN COMPREHENSIVE DIGITIZED LIBRARY ON AN EXTERNAL HDD, NEW DRAFT digitized manuscript.

ACTIVISM: Dynamism ist eine Taetigkeit, die nicht nach ihrem Sinn fragt.“ - Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, III, S. 260, 1936. (Dynamism is an activity that does not question its sense.) Should we have activism for the sake of activism, in the same way as we have “art for art’s sake”? Most activism is based on flawed ideas and theories, on insufficient thinking, if any thoughts at all. Most protest and resistance actions are costly, trivial, risky and inefficient and few have been systematically questioned and tested for their effectiveness, because the activists simply “think” that doing something, no matter how useless or stupid, is better than doing nothing at all or “merely” pondering about rightful and efficient action programs. Thus anarchists and libertarian activists have not yet provided, between them, a common platform for rightful and sensible resistance, reform, liberation and revolution actions, have not yet agreed on first principles, have not yet subscribed to a common declaration of individual rights and liberties, remain largely unaware of monetary freedom and exterritorial autonomy options. They fritter away their energies and resources and have not even bothered to effectively combine all their written resources, ideas, projects, options, facts and special knowledge. How little their “activism” has achieved and can achieve should be obvious by now. Goethe remarked on this: “There is no more terrible sight to behold than ignorance in action.” - JZ, 1.2.02. - DYNAMISM, ACTION, ACTIVISTS, DEMONSTRATIONS, PROTESTS, MARCHES

ADVENTURES: Most of the greatest adventures take place in the head rather than being confined to time, place, event or actions. – JZ, 7.1.98. - MIND, BRAIN, DISCOVERIES, UNDERSTANDING, COMPREHENSION, KNOWLEDGE GAINED, IDEAS

ADVERTISEMENTS: How inefficient advertisements still are is proven by their frequent repetition. One advertisement is not enough. It has to be repeated x times to pay for itself. – JZ, 5.2.93. - Even this works only for already widely wanted or daily needed consumer goods and services – and for the political propaganda lies of territorial Warfare States. The potential advertising appeal of quite rightful war and peace aims has not yet been freely and extensively experimented with. – JZ, 21.9.08. Nor has the advertising appeal of a comprehensive declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties been tried. – 19.1.13. - DESERTION, APPEALS, MASS FRATERNIZATION, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, LIBERATION, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS AGAINST DICTATORSHILPS, REVOLUTION, LIBERTARIAN IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS LIST, CONTACTS – MEETING CALENDARS FOR CITIES, DECLARATION OF ALL GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

ADVICE: Not only good advice is needed but also intelligence, judgment, time, energy, funds, persistence and freedom, right and opportunity to apply it. – JZ, 25.2.00, 19.1.13. – In all too many spheres we do not as yet have the experimental freedom to turn good ideas into praxis. – JZ, 21.9.08. – The advice to allow or to establish panarchies for all kinds of volunteers is still very widely ignored. – JZ, 3.11.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

AEROPLANES: The aeroplane is the angel of the religion of success.” - Hermann Schweppenhaeuser. – But its use as bombers and fighter planes is an indication of an enormous failure. – Their successors, in warfare, rockets, with nuclear war heads, may rocket mankind into oblivion. - JZ, 4.11.08, 19.1.13. - SUCCESS, RELIGION, EFFICIENCY

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION: Consider “affirmative action”, which in practice amounts to compulsory discrimination in the name of civil rights. (Liberalism has only banned voluntary discrimination.) – Joseph Sobran, Civil Rights and the Politics of Theft, in: Llewellyn H. Rockwell, ed., The Economics of Liberty, Mises Institute, 1990, p. 184. - COMPULSORY DISCRIMINATION

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION: It’s not affirmative action. It’s affirmative apartheid. (1) Sure, one is designed to favor whites & separate races, while the other is designed to favor Blacks & Hispanics and push people together … But both are equally racist and equally loathsome as top-down social engineering.” – Claire Wolfe, Don’t Shoot the Bastards (YET), 101 More Ways To Salvage Freedom, p.7. (1) Thank your, Charles Curley, for the term “affirmative apartheid”. - A FORM OF APARTHEID

AFFLUENCE: An affluent society cannot prevail unless individuals see that their economic well-being stems from the general practice of the principles of private ownership, the free market, and limited government.” – Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, 158, and in THE FREEMAN, 7/74. - Otherwise, only some individuals can get affluent - at the expense of others. - JZ, 11.11.82. – How much more could be achieved for all – under full freedom for all, as an option? – Naturally, no more freedom should be pushed upon all than they are able and willing to handle. Progress requires also the deterrent examples of those who chose little or no freedom for themselves. - JZ, 4.11.08. – PANARCHISM, POVERTY, RICHES, WEALTH, PROGRESS, SETTING PRACTICAL EXAMPLES, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

AFFLUENCE: An immoral development that is in danger of superseding honest poverty.” - From IEA listing. - JOKES

AFFLUENCE: Far from having the ‘affluence’ which Prof. Galbraith attributes to them, most Americans at present are practising an austerity that is tempered only by the willingness of consumer finance companies to extend credit for certain long-term purchases I don’t know a soul that wouldn’t paint his house or get rid of an antique car or send a son or daughter to a better school or take a more expensive vacation or move into anew neighbourhood or try out a new hobby, if he or she could afford it.” - John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, Sep. 60. – Like poverty, affluence, too, is relative. But we have certainly not yet achieved the kind of affluence and absence of involuntary poverty that could be achieved through the knowledge of and realization of all individual rights and liberties, especially the economic ones. – JZ, 4.11.08.

AGGRESSION: A man’s liberties are none the less aggressed upon because those who coerce him do so in the belief that he will be benefited. In thus imposing by force their wills upon his will, they are breaking the law of equal freedom in his person; and what the motive may be matters not.” - Herbert Spencer, The Principles of Ethics, par. 366.

AGGRESSION: Aggression is simply another name for government. Aggression, invasion, government are interchangeable terms. The essence of government is control, or the attempt to control. He who attempts to control another is a governor, an aggressor, an invader; and the nature of such invasion is not changed, whether it be made of the ordinary criminal, or by one man upon all other men, after the manner of an absolute monarch, or by all other men upon one man, after the manner of a modern democracy.” - Benjamin R. Tucker, quoted in Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.241. – GOVERNMENT, CONTROL, TERRITORIALISM, INVATION, INTERVENTIONISM

AGGRESSION: all that we know of modern wars associates them with the cupidity of the few rather than with the combativity of the many.” - Pierre Bovet, L’Instinct Combatif, quoted in Havelock Ellis, Selected Essays, The Philosophy of Conflict, p.216. – WAR, WARLIKE? DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

AGGRESSION: Ending aggression by counter-aggression is not enough.” - John Hargraves, 1940, in Words Win Wars, p. 192. – It is even too much and makes both sides wrong. – Wars, if they still take place at all, ought to become reduced to quite rightful policing actions against the real war criminals only. – JZ, 8.11.08.

AGGRESSION: Falkland Islands War: “Aggression, wherever it occurs, must be defeated.” - Agreed, but if it is internally countered in time - against a despotic government, then one will usually not have to counter it in an international war. When it has been allowed to proceed to that stage then it is already largely out of hand. Overthrow the despots and warmongers BEFORE they can make war! - JZ, 22.5.82. - And if it comes to War, as against Iraq, let it be one rather against its leader than against his victims, whether the latter are in uniform or out of them. - 22.1.93. - All those of the Falkland Islands people who would have wanted to become citizens of Argentina or independents of one kind or the other, should have been given the chance to do so, exterritorially. That might have become the “the thin edge of the wedge” against territorialist despotism and aggression. - JZ, 24.9.02.

AGGRESSION: Hitler has killed millions of good Russian people - but has he killed as many as Stalin did? The worst aggressions are often the internal ones, against the own subjects. - JZ, 3.8.85. - They are not the “internal affairs” of the rulers. - JZ, 22.1.93.

AGGRESSION: If man were a born aggressor, he would not have to be conscripted, trained and disciplined into being one. - JZ, 22.9.82, 22.1.93. - How “aggressive” will man be if no longer forced to think and act as a member of a territorial warfare State? - JZ, 21.7.92. – Q.

AGGRESSION: Innate aggressive-defensive instinct, defending territory, life, family or kind or friends or property. - If it existed, to a sufficient degree, then we could never have any suppression of human rights, any despotism, tyranny or totalitarianism, at least not for long. - An instinct to submit to a leader of a herd seems to be stronger, even when he leads to disaster. However, that image is wrong, too, on closer examination, seeing the lies and coercion he has to apply against the human herd, to remain its leader and to continue to mislead them. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AGGRESSION: It is commonly thought that a little force by authorities is acceptable if it is controlled and limited. But isn’t a little robbery (taxation), a little murder (war) and a little kidnapping (conscription) a ready-made foundation to build further extensions of aggression? To paraphrase Prof. Murray Rothbard, ‘once you justify the existence of aggression, once you sanction the use of force to control people, for no matter what reason, you can justify ever other evil and excess of the State.’” - SLL leaflet, Voluntarism. - REALISM, PRINCIPLES, COMPROMISES, RIGHTS, TAXATION, CONSCRIPTION, WAR, STATE, GOVERNMENT, LIMITED BUT STILL TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT

AGGRESSION: Many men are aggressive animals.” - W. C. Allee: The Social Life of Animals. - And almost all are defensive animals! - JZ, 12.4.84. - The only thing true about “man, the born aggressor” is that there are some beasts among us who are not yet sufficiently domesticated or humanized. - JZ, 22.9.82. – Or eliminated, like e.g. tyrants and other mass murderers should be. – JZ, 19.1.13.

AGGRESSION: No free State could reasonable tolerate aside of itself any constitutions whose heads derive benefits from subjugating neighbouring peoples and who, thereupon, through their very existence do perpetually disturb the security of the neighbours. Care for their own security forces all free States to transform all their neighbours likewise into free States and thus to extend, for their own benefit, the empire of culture over the savages, that of freedom over the slave people around them. Soon the peoples, formed or liberated by them, will get into the same situation with their still barbaric or slavish neighbours, in which the originally free States stood with themselves, a while ago. Then they will be forced to do for their neighbours what has been done to them. Consequently, after some genuinely free States were developed, the empire of culture and of freedom and with them that of a general peace, will necessarily but gradually embrace the whole of the planet. - Thus there follows necessarily, from the establishment of a just constitution in the interior and from the solidification of peace between individuals, a rightful relationship in the external relations of the peoples against each other and the general peace among the States.”- J. G. Fichte, Die Bestimmung des Menschen, in my off-the-cuff translation, rather than a searched-for and finally found better translation. - The remaining flaws of that thinking are dealt with in my On Panarchy series. - JZ, 22.1.93. – LIBERATION, INTERVENTIONISM, REVOLUTIONS

AGGRESSION: On the other hand, even in our modern, violent society, many individuals are unaggressive and nonviolent, and a few rather remote tribes are still uncompetitive. Traditionally, the nomadic Eskimos of the American Arctic cooperatively shared food and shelter among the members of the clan and settled disputes without resorting to violence. The Tangu people of New Guinea shared food equally among tribal members and engaged in games in which the object was to end in a draw. The Semai farmers of Malaya avoid violence of every kind. Historically, many nomadic tribes that survived by hunting or gathering natural vegetation were not competitive with one another, nor were they defensive of territory. Although the world was eventually dominated by the more aggressive, competitive, and territorial peoples, the existence of tribes and individuals who were not and are not aggressive and competitive leads us to question the belief that these characteristics are a part of human nature. At least we cannot accept, on the evidence, that aggressiveness and competitiveness are universal or essential aspects of human nature.” - Dr. Laurence J. Peter, Why Things Go Wrong or The Peter Principle Revisited, George Allen & Unwin, p.103/104. - VIOLENCE, COMPETITION & MAN, HUMAN NATURE, TERRITORIALISM, MAN’S NATURE, WARLIKE?

AGGRESSION: Submission to aggression was even worse than aggression itself.” - Duke of Edinburgh, in Canberra, 31.3.71. - Offering the other cheek or passive resistance does not affect or resist those criminal psychopaths, in and out of office, who have no conscience and no concept of rights but a strong urge to dominate and even terrorise others. It can only work against those who do already largely agree or sympathise with oneself but who do not want to consider themselves as violent and aggressive people. - Alas, he did not clearly distinguish voluntary and individual submission to statism, on the basis of exterritorial autonomy only, while leaving the choices of others, for their statists or non-governmental societies to them, a individuals, as long as they do not claim any territorial monopoly, either. - JZ, 23.1.93, 4.11.08.

AGGRESSION: Rule over other peoples and over our “own” dissenters living in he same area, amounts to aggression. - JZ, 23.9.88. – TERRITORIALISM, PRESENT STATES, POLITICS AS USUAL, RULERS, WARFARE STATES

AGGRESSION: The assailant is often in the right; the assailed is always.” - Walter Savage Landor, “John of Gaunt and Joanna of Kent,” Imaginary Conversations, 1824-53. - What about the assailed tyrant? At least one should distinguish between initiated coercion or violence and defensive force. - JZ, 20.11.85, 22.1.93. Compare e.g.: Aggression: Who Is the Aggressor? 6pp, 1965, in PEACE PLANS 3 and my articles even on devaluation, fluoridation and indiscriminate air raids as aggression. - JZ – Landor’s remark is inherently contradictory, for those cases in which, as he assumed, the assailant is in the right. Then the assailed cannot be likewise in the right. – JZ, 4.11.08.

AGGRESSION: the attack on the productive people of America by their own government now knows no bounds ....” - Dr. Craig Roberts, in REASON, Feb. 78, p. 30. – TAXATION, PROGRESSIVE INCOME TAX, REGULATIONS, GOVERNMENTALISM, STATISM, PUBLIC DEBT

AGGRESSION: The contemporary State is not only incapable of protecting ‘its citizens’ from outside aggression; it has become the biggest aggressor, with its endless taxes, conscriptions and interferences.” - VONULIFE, 3/73. - STATE, PROTECTION, WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM

AGGRESSION: the experience of all societies has confirmed that restraints upon aggressive conduct are necessary. No one can live and prosper if the things he needs for his life and work can be stolen or destroyed by his neighbor. Therefore, he must prevent such theft or destruction either by his own efforts or by the combined defensive strength of some group. Since a single man’s efforts will often be insufficient, it is inevitable that a number of men will come together to form a “protective association”. The function of this association is to protect its members from aggression. The protective association, in its simplest role as protector against aggression, is sometimes called the “minimal state” or the “nightwatchman state.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.193/94. – Alas, J. F. J. here jumps to a wrong conclusion. Since territorial “protective” associations, with their monopoly and power, have always been the biggest criminals, with the largest take, more or less victimizing all inhabitants, it is absurd to expecting them to limit themselves to the ideal size and function that J. F. J. ascribes to them. It is expecting simply too much from them, much more than they are able and willing to deliver. And who or what is to force them to so reform themselves? If such a power existed, then it could also be effectively used against the minor criminals. Even now the private security services, where allowed, are more numerous in manpower and more efficient in their protective in their function for their subscribers than are the official police forces. Thus their subscribers are prepared to pay their extra costs, on top of the taxes for the police force, whose protection they rarely ever get. Armed self-protection and militia protection of individual rights and liberties are largely outlawed by territorial States. Governments, with their various forces and authorities and powers hardly prevent crimes but commit crimes on the largest scale – usually quite “legally” and cause crimes on a vast scale, e.g. by their anti-drug laws and anti-drug wars. – JZ, 2.10.07. - RESTRAINTS UPON IT, BY A TERRITORIAL STATE OR BY PEACEFULLY COMPETING PROTECTIVE SERVICES?

AGGRESSION: The invader, whether an individual or a government, forfeits all claims to consideration from the invaded.” - Benjamin R. Tucker, Catalogue, p. 102. - Who is to decide, properly, who is the invader? – Ideal militia forces for the protection of individual rights and liberties, I believe. Separate peace treaties are advisable with all others, governments in exile for them etc. Aggressors like Saddam Hussein should not be countered by shooting up his conscripts, by the ten-thousands, but by aiming directly back at him. See e.g., under TYRANNICIDE. - That whole subject is so messed up by myths, errors and prejudices, that it can only be compared with e.g. the confusions among “the faithful”, “economists”, “utopians” and “philosophers”. - JZ, 22.1.93, 19.1.13. - RIGHTS, INVASION, GOVERNMENT, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY & INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY, ENEMY, WAR AIMS, WARFARE, MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS & DECISION-MAKING

AGGRESSION: The record of government is one of aggression by way of taxation, conscription, confiscation and inflation (merely a disguised form of  taxation).” - An Introduction to the Workers Party, a 1975 leaflet. – GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM

AGGRESSION: The mere production and storing of ABC weapons is an aggressive act - a mass murder conspiracy. - JZ, 23.8.66. - Thoughts like this are already embodied in the statements and proposals of two books of mine against war and nuclear war in particular, in PEACE PLANS 16-17 & 61-63, both on So many more of this kind have accumulated in the meantime, in a file NWT: Nuclear War Threat, that I am considering making a separate compilation of them. - JZ, 22.1.93. - We need a chain reaction of words and ideas against the threatening nuclear chain reactions. - JZ, 24.9.02. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

AGGRESSION: Today the greatest threats to personal liberties arise, not from aggressions by foreign governments, but from encroachments by governments upon the rights of their own citizens.” - Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral’s Log, II, p.9. - we, as libertarians, resolve to oppose all forms of aggression by any State, Government, self-appointed saviour, individual or association of individuals.” - The Libertas Statement, Society for Libertarian Life, SLL. - WAR, FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, THREATS, DANGER, LIBERTY, RIGHTS, STATES, TERRITORIALISM

AGGRESSION: When Tucker inaugurated his journal, his starting point was the absolute sovereignty of the individual. He and his readers were the sternest enemies of invasion of person and property, making war upon the State as the chief invader. Tucker realized that criminals would remain even after governments disappeared, but his position was that, ‘of the really serious and important acts of invasion of individual sovereignty, at least nine-tenths are committed by organized State governments or through privileges granted by them, and that the governmental idea, with the State as its principal embodiment is the efficient cause of almost all of our social evils’.” - Carl Watner, in REASON, 4/79, on Benjamin R. Tucker.

AGING: A little gleam of time between two eternities; no second chance to us forever more!” - Thomas Carlyle, Heroes... Why not aim at much more for one’s life? Why not take “life-spans” also into our own hands? Mere amoebae managed to do that, simply by splitting. Cloning is already experimented with. And interesting small step in the right direction would e.g. be the growing of new teeth from implanted stem cells. Why should our ambitions in this direction be limited? – The universe is still largely empty! - JZ, 4.11.08. - A man should live forever or die trying. Women too, ...” - Spider Robinson, A Voice Is Heard in Ramah, p. 161 of ANALOG, Nov. 75. - Age and aging are the universal enemies of man. – JZ, 8.11.03. - Age and death are THE recognised or unrecognised enemies of almost everybody and yet all too little is still done to fight them systematically, rather than merely trying to camouflage their appearance or merely alleviate their symptoms and the suffering they cause. A good advertising, salesmanship and subscription campaign should be able to raise vast funds for anti-aging research, from which the contributors, or their descendants, would benefit first. - JZ, 15.9.90, 22.1.93. - Imagine just all the monies now wasted on individual funeral expenditures being used for this purpose instead! - JZ, 24.9.02. - Age is the most terrible misfortune that can happen to any man; other evils will mend, but this is every day getting worse.” - G. P. R. James: Richelieu, XIV, 1829. - Aging and death seem to be what nature has planned for us. But what if we have other plans?” - Bernard L. Strehler, a leading gerontologist. - Aging is a question of mind over matter. If you don’t mind, it doesn’t matter.” - quoted in “Murder She Wrote”, Prime TV, 13.10.91. - If you and others did mind, sufficiently, then minds would come conquer this matter, too. - JZ, 24.9.02.

AGING: Blessed is he that hath a short life.” - St. Clement: First Epistle to the Corinthians, c. 125. - Did he make his own life miserable or was it made miserable for him? - JZ, 22.1.93. - Damned is he that hath a short life. - JZ, 2.11.85. – Should we be grateful for territorial warfare States to shorten our average life-spans with their wars? - Just when we finally get some sense in our heads, we tend to become decrepit and to die. – Ben Best attacked this attitude as “age-ism”. – Curiously, the same people do often worship a supposedly immortal being! – If they worshipped, or worked, instead, towards their own physical immortality, they might at least achieve a worthwhile longevity. – Instead, they build churches, palaces for bureaucrats and stacks of mass murder devices! - JZ, 22.1.93. – , ANTI-AGING RESEARCH

AGING: Cosmic radiation harms and changes our genes. Finally we might have to try to shield the whole Earth against it.” – A suggestion by Prof. Tony Brow on ABC radio, 22.1.98. – It would probably be easier and cheaper to live largely underground. Doing that only for our sleep periods might be a beginning in this direction. – JZ, 21.9.08. - COSMIC RADIATION

AGING: Die, my dear Doctor, that’s the last thing I shall do!” - Lord Palmerston, 1784-1865. – Why do it or let it happen at all, if one could prevent it, by a massive world-wide effort by almost everyone and for almost everyone? – JZ, 4.11.08. - JOKES

AGING: Do not try to live forever. You will not succeed.” - G. B. Shaw, The Doctor’s Dilemma, pref., 1906. - Do try ... you might! - JZ, 2.11.85. - Here, too, Shaw was one of the all too many false prophets. He even managed to descend from anarchism to Fabian State Socialism. Do playwrights tend to be dominated by the popular prejudices of their potential audiences, in all their writing efforts? - JZ, 22.1.93. Compare all the arguments against powered and un-powered flight for human beings, until the facts could finally no longer be ignored. – JZ, 4.11.08. - Dying is a very dull dreary affair and my advice to you is to have nothing whatever to do with it.” - W. Somerset Maugham, last words. – Instead, have enough to everything to do with longevity and immortality research! You might serve your descendants more - by leaving your property to such a research foundation. – JZ, 4.11.08. - JOKES–

AGING: Every thing admonishes us how needlessly long life is.” - R. W. Emerson, The Transcendentalist, 1842. - Every thing admonishes us how needlessly short life is. - JZ, n.d. - Even Emerson was still too much a child of his times and the usual conditioning. - JZ, 22.1.93.  - Forever young. Forever Free.” - Title of film from South Africa. –

AGING: Gray hair is a sign of age, not wisdom.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. - In other words, even many of the old people have not yet become old enough to become wise enough. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AGING: Growing old is like being penalized for a crime you have not committed.” – Quoted by Margaret Throsby, heard on radio ABC, 21.1.98. – LONGEVITY, LIFE EXTENSION

AGING: He that begins to live begins to die.” - Francis Quarles: Hieroglyphics of the Life of Man, 1638. - He that begins to live may now live forever. - JZ, 2.1.85. – If he and enough others bother to explore and publish, between them, all the anti-aging options. – JZ, 4.11.08.

AGING: I am not young enough to know everything.” - Sir James Barrie, 1860-1937. - May be this will one day become: “I have not been rejuvenated often enough, as yet, to know everything.” - JZ, 22.1.93.

AGING: I detest life-insurance agents. They always argue that I shall some day die, which is not so.” - Stephen Leacock, Literary Lapses, 1910. - Maybe, to give people a better personal incentive to involve themselves in extending their own lives, we should transform many if not all our life insurance contracts into betting contracts. We bet, e.g., that we could reach 60, 70, 80, 90, 100 etc., and if we win, we would get, perhaps ever increasing pay-outs at reaching these ages. The Life insurance companies would bet against us reaching the agreed upon target ages and would not owe us anything if we failed to reach them. We should have brought up our descendants and dependants in a way that they would no longer need our help. Naturally, the premiums would have to differ, depending upon when we started with them and how high our ambition to live longer would be. The tables would have to be recalculated to take all factors sufficiently into consideration. With today’s computers and the accumulated experience this should be easy. State meddling in this sphere would be harder to get rid of. Nor would protection against tax-robbery be easy. But the incentive to resist both and insist e.g. upon alternative and stable currencies, would be increased. - JZ, 22.1.93. – JOKES, LIFE INSURANCE, BETTING ON LONGER LIVES

AGING: I don’t know why they claim age is wisdom.... Age is just getting old.” - Joan D. Vinge, in ANALOG, 4/78. - Aging is such ancient and outdated custom that it is high time that we finally throw it overboard! - JZ, 22.1.93. – I might cost us less to learn to do so than the Manhatten Project did – and it would not threaten us but save us. – JZ, 19.1.13.

AGING: I tried old age - and I didn’t like it!” - F. A. Hayek, joking on his sickness at 75 years of age. - 1981/82. -  If the scientific and medical resources of the United States alone were mobilised, aging could be conquered within a decade.” - Dr. Alex Comfort, 1973. - Is he still alive and active? Somebody told me, in 90/91 that he was, but I have not seen any recent writings by him. If only a fraction of the extra earnings we could have e.g. via Free Trade, Free Banking, Cooperative Production, and the Expropriation of the Bureaucracy, in our favour, were utilised, voluntarily, to promote longevity research, even if only in the U.S., the target could probably be reached soon. - JZ, 22.1. 93.

AGING: If we started, suddenly, to age 20 years in 20 days, we would panic and call it the most dangerous disease and would be ready to spend fortunes upon specialists to cure us. Why then, don’t we consider it as an even more insidious disease when we age a whole 20 years in a mere 20 years? - JZ, 26.7.87, 22.1.93.

AGING: It has been well said that we don’t grow old, we become old by not growing.” - Edmund A. Opitz, THE FREEMAN, June 78. - While there is some truth in such remarks, they are also part of  an all too wide-spread denial of aging and death. - JZ, 22.1.93. – All too much combined with an acceptance of aging and death. As long as we consider wars and diseases, aging and death as inevitable they will remain inevitable. – JZ, 4.11.08.

AGING: It is as natural to die as to be born.” - Thomas Fuller, Gnomologia, 1732. - It is as unnatural to die as it is natural to be born. - JZ, 2.11.85. - Why should only an Amoeba live forever through its natural method of cell splitting? Rain being natural, should we use no umbrellas or raincoats or other shelters to stay out of it? Food not naturally growing in our mouths, should we make no effort to obtain it? In all too many ways man is his own worst enemy. Thus let individuals at least sort themselves out, voluntarily, so that the somewhat enlightened can do their somewhat advanced things for themselves, while the fools can happily continue to do their foolish things to themselves only. The combined resources of the pro-life extension people have still to be organized - and liberated from the legal restrictions of the others. - JZ, 22.1.93. – PANARCHISM,

AGING: It is not life that is absurd, but senility or death.” - DEFENCE DE L’HOMME, quoted in Meulen’s THE INDIVIDUALIST, June 1967, p. 36. – Living means to go on living, not dying. – It means resistance to death or not giving in or giving up to it. -JZ, 4.11.08. - DEATH, LIFE, LIFE EXTENSION, LONGEVITY, IMMORTALITY, MORTALITY, OLD AGE, SENILITY

AGING: It should be the function of medicine to have people die young as late as possible.” - Ernest L. Wynder, M.D.

AGING: Just imagine all the anti-aging, longevity, life-extension, immortality and health fans in the world becoming busy also with alphabetising and numbering their references on their PCs, swapping their compilations of these references and combining and integrating them. Every year of such a Private Manhattan Project Against Aging might come to add a year or two to our lives - and thus they might already become extended indefinitely, provided only we made good use of this extra information. Information that remains dispersed over thousands of references and heads cannot do much good to any individual. Seeing how many anarchists and libertarians, not to speak of the general public, are still unaware of many anarchist and libertarian answers, even after hundreds of years of writing, reading and publishing efforts, I would not be surprised if much or most of the information required for significant life extension is already in existence somewhere and needs only to be dug up, combined and applied. If not, such combined efforts could soon produce it. If only we could make it as joyful as the sexual extension, of half of our characteristics, can be through our descendants. (Actually, in this way we cannot even be certain to pass on half of us, since we do not know which batch of genetic material, that we do carry, will become realized in our children.) We should somehow be able to “hammer into the heads of people” (*) the awareness that life can be made much more free and joyful and that any extension of this blissful state of affairs depends upon us going on and going on, getting older and older, while remaining quite healthy, sensible and fit, i.e. not aging at all. Accepting death as natural amounts to accepting the greatest tyranny of all as natural. Cryonicists call that: deathism. - JZ, 22.1.93. (*) A genuine free market for ideas and talents can do that efficiently and non-violently, but has it as yet been seriously tried? See: IDEAS ARCHIVE & SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT. – JZ, 4.11.08.

AGING: Life is real! Life is earnest? And the grave is not its goal.” - H. W. Longfellow, A Psalm of Life, 1839. – Life is characterized by self-repair, self-renewal and its extensive ability to avoid dangers. Why not extend that ability to the utmost? – Even if individual minds could at first only survive as computerized brains in a steel robot. - JZ, 4.11.08.

AGING: Life Span. It is less important to extend life in length than in depth.” - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought, p.69. - The two could often go together! - JZ, n.d. –

AGING: Life, if well used, is long enough.” - Seneca: De brevitate vitae, II, 49. - Life, if well used, is never long enough. - JZ 2/11/85. - Perhaps his experience under despotic emperors, his banishment and the slavery and other abuses around him, did not make him appreciate life enough. And how far could he have proceeded under the circumstances with self-enlightenment and the enlightenment of others? Life must have been very frustrating to him, although he was a member of the upper class, as it is to many genuine intellectuals even today. Under such circumstances life is often not successful and joyful enough to wish its extension. In the end he was ordered by the emperor to commit “suicide” and not even given the time to write down his last will. - JZ, 22.1.93, 4.11.08. –

AGING: Love your work and work on your love: “Another distinguished physician, Dr. Hans Selye, named several famous men, who lived to a ripe old age, and added this comment: ‘Of course in their many years of intense activity, these people never “worked”; they lived a life of “leisure” by working at what they liked to do.’ Here, at least in common terminology, is what appears to be a paradox in the lives of men of achievement: (1) ‘these people never worked’ and (2) ‘they lived a life of leisure’. - The individuals to whom Dr. Selye referred found occupations in harmony with their uniqueness. A labor of love! - Hours? Long days and even nights! Years ago, FEE had a personal - not a governmental - garbage collector. Late one afternoon, while he was emptying our garbage into his truck, I asked, ‘How are you doing, Herbie?’ He replied, ‘Mr. Read, I love my work.’” - Leonard E. Read, How Do We Know? p.88.

AGING: Man always dies before he is fully born.” - Erich Fromm, Man for Himself, 1947, 3. - There are no enemies in the sphere of wisdom, only some people who know more and some people who know less. But there are enemies in the spheres of ignorance, indifference, prejudice, folly and myths. Some are loaded with them and some only touched by a few. Let us be free to congregate with the wise and separate our affairs from those of the fools. - JZ, 22.1.93. – But let us also encyclopaedically collect the best refutations of their errors, prejudices, myths, false assumptions and false conclusions – which so far led to territorial politics as usual. – JZ, 4.11.08. – , PANARCHISM, SELF-LIBERATION

AGING: Man has two and a half minutes on earth - one to laugh, one to sigh, and half a minute to love: in the midst of this last he dies.” - Jean Paul Richter, Hesperus, IV, 1792. – Poets have often assumed too much licence for their craft, too few ideas, too few facts and too few possibilities. – How many unexpected things have become realized in our own life times already? -JZ, 4.11.08.

AGING: Nature abhors the old, and old age seems the only disease; all others run into this one.” - R. W. Emerson, Circles, 1841. - What made him become a deathist, only a year later? See: Every thing admonishes us how needlessly long life is.”- R. W. Emerson, The Transcendentalist, 1842.

AGING: Old age is an infectious chronic disease, characterised by the degeneration or enfeebling of the noble elements and by the excessive activity of the phagocytes.” - Elie Metchnikoff: La Vieillesse, 1904.

AGING: Old age is itself a disease.” - Terence, Phromio, IV, ca.160 B.C. (“Senectus ipsa est morbus.”) - Imagine mankind would have acted seriously upon that assumption, since then! How long would our average life span be then, by now? - JZ, 22.1.93.

AGING: On death and immortality: we are long past the days when Marshall Dillon looks under the cover and says, ‘He’s dead, alright.’ Not in the future, but right now. (Albert) Rosenfeld said, it takes a committee to decide. Medical advances continually change our definition of death and of who can be revived. There is no reason why such advances, together with longevity drugs, won’t eventually culminate in physical immortality.” - R. A. Wilson, Right Where You Are Sitting Now, p.41.

AGING: One of the greatest personal liberties would be a greatly extended life-span. - JZ, 19.2.90. - And yet life extension fans seem still relatively rare within the freedom movement and I did not know of any ready buyer when I saw, in 1990/91, a collection of ca. 9 shelf meters of longevity books in “Acres of Books” in Long Beach. I did ring ALCOR and someone else in the area about it but I doubt that they took up the opportunity. Some bookshops have started to compile such sections. My own small collection comes only to about 1.5 m. so far. How large would a comprehensive library on this subject be? Many geriatrics periodicals have been microfilmed. But they seem to try only a titbit mitigation of symptoms. - JZ, 22.1.93.

AGING: One short sleep past, we wake eternally, And Death shall be no more: Death, thou shalt die!” - John Donne, 1572-1631. - The Christian judgments, consolations and promises have been obstacles rather than aids in anti-aging research. - JZ, 22.1.93. – IMMORTALITY, CHRISTIANITY

AGING: Only one minute of life remains, and there’s work for a hundred years.”  Tolstoi, Talks with Tolstoi, by A. B. Goldenveizer, p.134.

AGING: Reverse the aging clock! - JZ 18.12.83.

AGING: Some people want to achieve immortality through their works or descendants. I prefer to achieve immortality by not dying.” - Woody Allen. In another version: “I’m not afraid to die. I just don’t want to be there when it happens.” - Woody Allen. – Make this joke a reality! – JZ, 4.11.08.

AGING: The Aids epidemic can teach us at least one thing: Since there are viruses that can weaken our immune systems, and since, according to some, these have initially been artificially constructed and spread, it must at least be considered to be theoretically possible to find or construct viruses that would strengthen it - ultimately perhaps even achieving full self-repair capabilities for our bodies. Has such research taken place as yet? What results were achieved so far, if any? - If well enough collected and organized, such information should be easy to dig up - JZ, 7.12.92. – How much could be achieved if all such research were optimally financed by those who have a serious interest in this option? The sponsors and their children and grand-children should get first claims on any such discoveries and treatments. – How much could be raised for this e.g. merely by making taxation voluntary? - JZ, 4.11.08. - AIDS, IMMUNE SYSTEM STRENGTHENING, LONGEVITY & IMMORTALITY RESEARCH, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, FINANCING

AGING: The long habit of living indisposeth us for dying.” - Sir Thomas Browne, 1605-1682. - So far not enough! - JZ, 22.1.93.

AGING: The longest life and the shortest amount to the same. For the present is of equal duration for all, and what we lose is not ours.” - Marcus Aurelius, Meditations, II, c. 170. – Is stoic acceptance of “fate” good enough? Some people deceive themselves even about life and death. - JZ, 10.7.86. - One can now come to possess and experience only a limited number of present moments and experiences, a limited number of ideas and thoughts, or an indefinite one. To what kind of person would that make no difference at all? Actually, a single moment would be altogether without a time “span” having passed at all. In the atom of a moment, so to speak, we could not experience or think or do anything at all. All good things take time, many thoughts and experiences and efforts - and can we ever have too many of them? Robert Heinlein posed that question in some of his later novels and answered in the negative. Neither a fetus nor a baby, killed all too early, can be said to have lived a full life, comparable to one who died at 120 or managed to live on from there, rejuvenated, indefinitely. Is there never an end to self-destructive rationalisations and self-deceptions? - May this and other handbooks in preparation by me, help in their destruction. - JZ, 22.1.93, 4.11.08. –

AGING: The worst and so far incurable disease. - But have we really made an all-out try to defeat it? - JZ, ca. 1986 & 22.1.93. – Instead, we have made all–out efforts in conventional total wars and in constructing “modern & scientific” mass murder devices and keeping them in readiness for use! – All life and death matters should also be taken out of the hands of territorial governments. As usual, they made a mess of things. - JZ, 4.11.08, 19.1.13.

AGING: To contemplate human life for forty years is the same as contemplating it for ten thousand. In ten thousand, what more will your see?” - Marcus Aurelius, Meditations, VII. - More than you could have imagined, even with the information and talents of a large empire at your disposal! - Microfiche publishing would have made possible the economic reproduction of all classics together with all the corrections and amendments accumulated by now. Thus in our reading we would not be hit again and again with the same old errors. Adding such corrections and comments from databanks and encyclopaedias and handbooks could by now be largely automated, too. In a limited sphere and to a limited extent the Talmud accumulated the wisdom of one people over a long period. Imagine accumulating the wisdom of all peoples, in a new age of encyclopaedic enlightenment efforts. It seems somewhat absurd to merely reproduce the old writings over and over again without comprehensive comments and corrections and supplements. On printed paper this would tend to be prohibitively expensive in most cases. But fiche and disks are at your disposal. And they can be automatically integrated. - JZ, 2.11.85.

AGING: To lengthen thy life, lessen thy meals.” - Benjamin Franklin: Poor Richard’s Almanac, 1733.

AGING: We are made to be immortal, and yet we die. It’s horrible, it can’t be taken seriously.” - Eugene Ionesco. - Let’s start taking physical and mental immortality serious enough! - JZ, 12.7.92, 22.1.93. - Even my father, a life-long health-nut and individualist anarchist, found the thought of striving for really long lives and even immortality, e.g. via cryonics, quite ridiculous. Pro-freedom radicals ought to strive radically for liberties in all directions, not taking any existing conditions as natural and unchangeable forever. - JZ, 24.9.02.

AGING: We live and die, but which is best you know no more than I.” - Byron, Don Juan, VII, 1823. - We have all too long put up with conditions where many people prefer suicide to going on living.  We have taken too few precautions to prevent people, who have already enlightened themselves in some respects, from remaining fools in all too many others - that are important for every human being. Ortega Y Gasset called it the “barbarism of the specialists”. Mankind’s combined wisdom should and could be at our fingertips, at all times and places. Any step possible in this direction, for any individual, now, should be taken. We can’t cram everything into our individual brains but, between us, we can cram everything onto microfilm, computer memories, disks, CDs etc. - JZ, 22.1.93. – E.g. the equivalent of ca. 3 million books into a cheap and book-sized external 1 TB hard drive! – JZ,4.11.08.

AGING: Were it offered to my choice, I should have no objection to a repetition of the same life from its beginning, only asking the advantages authors have in a second edition to correct some faults of the first.” - Benjamin Franklin, Autobiography, 1798.

AGING: What keeps eyebrows un-greyed and full for much longer than the other head hair? If research were done into this, some significant insights might be gained. – JZ, 9.10.98, 21.9.08.

AGING: Who deserves to be perpetuated, made immortal?” - Mark Clifton & Frank Riley, They’d Rather Be Right, 134. - At his own expense, everybody! - JZ, 22.6.92.

AGING: Your predator is close behind you and will infallibly be your death. I don’t doubt it.... But in terms of long range planning, I never did expect to get out of this Universe alive.” - Robert Sheckley, Dimension of Miracles, 138. - Try to get out of this Universe alive! - JZ, n.d. – Include that in your long-term planning: Immortality and other universes to experience. – JZ, 4.11.08.

AGINGShort supper; long life. - Serbian proverb. – Neither too much food nor too little food and always the best kind, if possible! – JZ, 4.11.08.

AGITATORS: Those who profess to favor freedom, and yet deprecate agitation, are men who want crops without plowing up the ground. They want rain without thunder and lightning. They want the ocean without the awful roar of its waters. This struggle may be a moral one; or it may be a physical one; or it may be both moral and physical; but it must be a struggle! Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did, and it never will. Find out just what people will submit to, and you have found out the exact amount of injustice and wrong which will be imposed upon them; and these will continue until they are resisted with either rods or blows, or with both. The limits of tyrants are prescribed by the endurance of those whom they oppress.” - Frederick Douglass. ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – All will ultimately benefit when all kinds of reformers, revolutionaries, radicals, agitators etc. are finally freed to do their own things for or to themselves, under full exterritorial autonomy. So let them opt out and stop worrying about them. Experimental freedom ought to be finally introduced in the last spheres where it is still suppressed, that of political, economic and social systems. Progress will be much more rapid, less difficult and costly once this fundamental change is introduced. – Only the territorialists and believers collective responsibility are to be feared and they will also tend to vanish once exterritorial autonomy is available to all tolerant enough people. - JZ, 8.1.08. – Not much agitation is needed once even small groups of volunteers are free to secede and free do do their own things. – JZ, 19.1.13. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, RADICALS, EXTREMISTS

AGORIST: From the Greek Agora, ‘open space’. Since the Ancient Greeks used the term agora for the city marketplace, ‘agorist’ has come to mean one who believes only market activities are morally proper.” - George Dance in OPTION, 6/77. - Well, family and friendship relationships are voluntary and moral without being market relationships in the narrower sense. By Dancer’s definition only bought sex and bought friendship would be moral. One can get so easily led astray by uncritical generalisations. - JZ,23.1.93. – FREE EXCHANGE, FREE MARKETS, CONTRACTARIANISM

AGREEMENT: agreement among us is not in our nature and, as an objective, is both unrealistic and mischievous.” - L. E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.87. - “... sameness in what is seen and understood is out of the question. ... agreement is an utter impossibility. If I am growing, I don’t even agree with my yesterday’s self.” - Leonard E. Read, ibid, p. 89. – And yet every day there are hundreds of millions, if not billions of free and peaceful consumer transactions in more or less free exchanges, which are at least temporarily satisfactory to the trading partners. Should we ignore that experience or extend consumer sovereignty and free enterprise, contractarianism, associationism and experimentation into spheres so far territorially monopolized by governments? – JZ, 19.1.13.

AGREEMENT: Agreement on what not to do - not on what to do. General agreement on how to leave each other alone. Then specific agreements on voluntary cooperation.” - Don Werkheiser, 18.12.90. – Let us finally agree upon an as complete individual rights and liberties declaration as could and should be provided by now. By the very definition of rights and liberties, no one would be obliged to make full use of all of them himself or herself – but in others they ought to be respected, to the extent that they are claimed. – JZ, 19.1.13. - RIGHTS, COVENANTS, PANARCHISM, LEAVE ALONE, ALONE, SOCIAL CONTRACT, TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM.

AGREEMENT: Agreements bought with threats is no agreement.” - Frank Herbert, God Emperor of Dune, p.339. - THREATS, CONTRACTS, OATHS, SWEARING, OBLIGATION, DUTY, CONSENT, SUBMISSION, SUBORDINATION, LEGALIZED COERCION


AGREEMENT: But it is certainly true that agreement provides a solid basis for political institutions if the agreement is genuine …” - Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.178. – The voluntarism involved in exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers is more genuine than the consent or vote in territorial communities. – JZ, 2.10.07. - POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PANARCHISM & POLYARCHISM

AGREEMENT: Freedom and tolerance and justice are necessary, agreement is not. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AGREEMENT: If we must all agree, all work together, we’re no better than a machine.” - Ursula Le Guin, The Dispossessed, p.296. - While a territorial agreement on all or sufficient points is, indeed, impossible to achieve or to maintain, a sufficient agreement within volunteer-groups is possible, even necessary for economic and social life and for the political relations we want. It must be based on full autonomy and this can be achieved, for individuals and minority groups, only on the basis of exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. In an extreme case all members of such a “panarchy” may have changed from one day to the other but between the new voluntary members the agreement would be maintained - or changed – in accordance with the wishes of the remaining or new voluntary members. The individual who changed his mind from day today, could join a different panarchy from day to day. But I suppose for such people the entrance and registration fee would have to be raised. - JZ, 23.1.93, 11.4.08. - All these and other terms and institutions and principles of social sciences have to be rethought from the point of view of panarchism and voluntarism and contracts. JZ, 23.1.93. - PANARCHISM, SECESSION, EXTERRITORIALITY, TERRITORIALISM, UNITY, UNIFORMITY, REPRESENTATION, DEMOCRACY, CONSENT, REFERENDUM.

AGREEMENT: Indeed, anarchist communities are only conceivable in a context of agreement of most of the members of the group on the basic principles of social relations, an agreement possible, in their opinion, thanks to the abolition of relations of exploitation and to the spontaneous and ‘natural’ character of the tendency towards mutual aid. In any case, a strong social demand for compliance with the moral standards of the group would be probably, and these standards - basically mutual aid - would be regarded as essentially good and, consequently, untouchable.” - R. Descallar, in Holterman, Law in Anarchism, 85.

AGREEMENT: Wayne Batteau pointed out these two factors: 1.) In total agreement, the probability of learning is zero. 2.) In total disagreement, the probability of effective cooperation is zero.” – John W. Campbell in: The John W. Campbell Letters, vol. 1, 1985 Eds.: Perry A. Chapdelaine, Sr., et al., AC Projects Inc., ISBN 0-931150-16-7, p.205. – DISAGREEMENT, LEARNING, COOPERATION

AGREEMENT: We do not have to agree on anything except on being mutually tolerant. - JZ, 13.1.81. - TOLERANCE, MUTUALISM, PANARCHISM

AGREEMENT: When everyone agrees with you, it’s time to recheck your facts.” - 1977 Collins Desk Calendar. – DOUBT, SELF-CRITICISM, PREJUDICES

AGRICULTURAL POLICIES: If we were directed from Washington when to sow and when to reap, we would soon want for bread.” – Thomas Jefferson. - Not only artificial shortages are created by governments but also food surpluses that cannot be sold under monetary despotism, not even to the still starving people in some countries, and that are expensively stored or given away. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - FARM POLICIES, PRICE SUBSIDIES, PLANNING, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, CENTRALIZATION

AGRICULTURAL POLICIES: In 1983 $21 billion was spent in agricultural subsidies - almost equal to the net income of all American farmers.” - Patrick Detches. Letter to “THE REGISTER” (17 April 1984). – Governments seem to believe that agriculture needs to be subsidized by more than sunlight and water and that sufficient food could not be grown without government aid. – JZ, 3.11.08. - FARM SUBSIDIES

AGRICULTURE: A farmer can stand on his own feet - if the government lets him. - JZ, 11.4.76. - FARM POLICY, SUBSIDIES, PROTECTIONISM, BOARDS, CONTROLS, PRICE CONTROL, MONETARY DESPOTISM.

AGRICULTURE: Agricultural subsidies and price supports are supposed to help the farmer; what happens is that they stimulate increased production, which drives farm prices down.” - Philip B. Demattais, What Is Libertarianism? p. 6.

AGRICULTURE: Agriculture gets worse and worse as it has more and more official assistance.” - Sir Ernest Benn, in Benn vs. Maxton, 154.

AGRICULTURE: Agriculture is generally self-regulating and needs no more than the hard work of farmers. But when government tries to interfere, the result is complete confusion. Expenses increase all around, the normal pattern of farming is overthrown, many people go bankrupt and give up altogether.” - Petition to the Sicilian Parliament, 1742, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, May 80, from ORGANIC GARDENING, 4/80.

AGRICULTURE: Agriculture would be entirely competitive if it weren’t for Government control of prices, which have hurt the consumer without benefiting the farmer.” - Milton Friedman, PLAYBOY 2/73. - Direct and indirect price controls are not the only interventions with agriculture. I hold that monetary despotism brings about conditions in which desperate people resort to such and other desperate measures. Allow primary producers to pay with tokens upon their produce, in standardised and typified form (which are subject to voluntary acceptance and market rating and free to use a self-chosen sound value standard) and thus to appear, directly or indirectly, as buyers first, upon the national and international markets, thus achieving, to the extent that their payment offers are accepted, automatic sales of their produce and minerals and meat. - See Milhaud’s, Beckerath’s on this, in the PEACE PLANS series. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AGRICULTURE: collectivistic, statised, nationalised, sometimes under the pretence that they would be free cooperatives, subject to price controls, quotas and production orders based on centralised “planning”: “Soviet Collective Farm - where crops are apathy, discontent and frustrating failure.” - Vicent H. Miller, OPTION, 2/77. - Look at Western agriculture today. These “crops” are almost the same. In other words, we have gone and are going down that road to an abyss ourselves. Protectionism, Price maintenance schemes, subsidies, board management of whole industries and monetary despotism have had their inevitable effects. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AGRICULTURE: For God’s sake, let the Russians get to the moon first”, a constituent wrote Rep. Durward G. Hall of Missouri recently. “If we get there, we might learn how to grow wheat there, and then we WOULD be in trouble.” - Quoted by Dean Smith, in Conservatism, 152. - JOKES

AGRICULTURE: It was not greedy agribusiness with high-tech machinery that turned most of the once Fertile Crescent in the Near East into desert, it was peasants with wooden plows and organic goats.” - Poul Anderson, Past Times, 141. - But add to this the effects of warfare, in which irrigation was destroyed, crops burned and orchards chopped down, as well as farm animals and farmers and their families killed. Such wars occurred again and again, over centuries, if not thousands of years. I suspect that aboriginal hunting methods, in which they used fire extensively, for so long that some of the surviving trees now need fire to have their seeds germinate, has contributed to make much of Australia dry and infertile. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AGRICULTURE: Jane Jacobs, in her book ‘The Economy of Cities’, attacks the myth of agricultural primacy and proceeds to demonstrate that, ‘Agriculture is not even tolerably productive unless it incorporates many goods and services produced in cities or transplanted from cities. The most thoroughly rural countries exhibit the most unproductive agriculture.’ In essence, she illustrates that an efficient agricultural industry is dependent upon a healthy industrial development and, in fact, is actually spawned by the demand generated in urban areas. The liberal-left, which parrots such stale Marxist bromides as, ‘Your free-enterprises want to drag us back to the 19th century’, has failed to identify that the industrial revolution and the advent of capitalism marked the end of feudalism and the periodic famines and plagues which characterised the Dark Ages. Now, in their blind zeal to stifle and impede industry and technological progress and return to the ‘idyllic’ simplicity of the Middle Age, they are rapidly eroding the economic base of our agricultural industry and, ironically - dragging us back into the 17th century ...” - Vincent H. Miller, OPTION, 2/77.

AGRICULTURE: Socialist misuse of capital is in sharp contrast to its efficient use under free enterprise. Russia was the leading exporter of food before the revolution, but today cannot feed herself. In desperation, the Soviets have allotted 31% of available capital to agriculture, in contrast to only 4% in the United States. But the Soviet farmer remains only one-tenth as productive as the American farmer, due to lack of proper incentives.” - Harry Lee Smith, Land Use & Capital, THE FREEMAN, 9/76.

AGRICULTURE: The cultivation of legislators to raise subsidies; pillage in the name of tillage.” - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon.

AGRICULTURE: The European Community Agricultural Policy: First too much is produced, then and with our tax monies, it is destroyed again.” - Erika Herbst: Alle suchen nach Loesungen - wir haben sie, S. 1. – I think that her title very much exaggerates what she has to offer: another and all too limited utopia and reform attempt. – JZ, 4.11.08.

AGRICULTURE: There is no force more likely to produce mass starvation among the peasants of the world than the prejudice of Third World leaders against private capital formation. On the other hand, in the United States we need have no fear whatsoever of famine at the present time. By historical and Third World standards, hunger and poverty have practically been eliminated. The fluid which has made this possible is private capital. - Marion Clawson has this to say regarding our fortunate situation: ‘There seems little reason for concern about the nation’s ability to feed itself. By increasing agricultural output and by shifting to more cereals and less meat in the national diet, the country can feed 10, or 20, or even more times its present population... The ultimate food productive capacity is so far above the present level that there is nothing to be gained from trying to estimate just how large it is.’” - Harry Lee Smith, Land Use and Capital, THE FREEMAN, 9/76. - Alas, to a degree, poverty has been artificially reintroduced, via the welfare State’s policies. I saw never so many beggars as I saw in 1990/91 in the U.S., although I suppose that there are more e.g. in India and Haiti. – JZ, n.d. - WELFARE STATE, UNEMPLOYMENT, DOLE, POPULATION, OVERPOPULATION, ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, MONETARY DESPOTISM, BUREAUCRACY, WAR AGAINST POVERTY OR WAR AGAINST THE POOR?

AGRICULTURE: We will only keep people from fleeing the countryside into urban favelas, villas    miseries, shantytowns and squatter villages when the productivity gap is closed between what brute labor on the soil can accomplish and what advanced technology makes possible today - and will make possible tomorrow.” - Alvin Toffler

AIM HIGH: In the long run men hit only what they aim at. Therefore, though they should fail immediately, they had better aim at something high.” - Thoreau, Economy, Walden, 1854. – FAILURES & SUCCESS

AIM HIGH: it may be that we are a very imperfect race of people, it may be that we will never live up to any ideal principle which we may set ourselves, but unless we aim at high principles, we can never know how well we might have done nor can we hope to reach any reasonable standard. Let us not be afraid to aim high; if our aims are not high our achievements certainly will not be.” - Anthony Fisher, The Case for Freedom, p.7. - Compromises, Moderation, Radicalism, Ambition, Gradualism, Middle of the Road

AIM HIGH: One may miss the mark by aiming too high as too low.” - Thomas Fuller, M.D., Gnomologia, 1732, 3769. - I have never seen that collection and was so often referred to it by quotes from it, that I would like to obtain a copy. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AIM HIGH: People are always neglecting something they can do in trying to do something they can’t do.” - Edgar Watson Howe, COUNTRY TOWN SAYINGS, 1911. - Aim high but not so high that direct practical steps in the desired direction cannot be taken, while a direct jump to it is not possible. - JZ, 15.11.85. - However, under individual secessionism and exterritorial associationism, each of us could, if he wanted to, jump or run relatively far. - Under individual secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, we could each proceed as fast as is possible for us in the direction we want to go. One might aim at immortality but cannot jump to it. One can only try to take small steps towards life-extension. And we are still far from having reached sufficient agreement on these - JZ, 23.1.93. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, PROGRESS AT THE OWN SPEED

AIM HIGH: When you reach for the Stars, you may not quite get one, but you won’t come up with a handful of mud, either.” - Leo Burnett. - Aim high but do not loose sight of the first steps towards your high aim, either. Otherwise you might fall flat on your nose. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AIM: Aim at the sun, and you may not reach it; but your arrow will fly far higher than if aimed at an object on a level with yourself.” – Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.167. – What if it is just rising or setting or at night? – JZ, 8.11.08. - PERFECTIONISM, ABSOLUTISM, AMBITION, PRINCIPLES, WAR & PEACE AIMS, LIBERATION, SUCCESS

AIM: And the goals of the millions are as varied as their number - no two alike. This is the way it should be, each with eyes on his or her aspirations, not on your or my satisfactions.” - Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 1/77. – INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, DIVERSITY, PERSONAL LAW

AIM: Let people be as free in their aim to pursue their own liberty, in all spheres, as they are with choosing the contents of their shopping cart in a well stocked and competitive super-market. The contents are almost always very different. If they are e.g. vegetarians or raw food addicts, let them make their kind of different choices for themselves, individually or via their food cooperatives. No monopoly, no forced consumption, no compulsory payment of the bills of others, no enforced equality. Consumer sovereignty for all in all spheres, combined with competitive free enterprise and associationism in all spheres. - JZ, 23.1.93. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM.

AIM: Pick and choose your own aims and try to reach them with your own energy, time and means, together with like-minded volunteers. No one has the right to hinder you in that - as long as you leave others alone to peacefully pursue their own aims and happiness. We need neither sky pilots nor secular pilots to lay down our aims and the law for us. - JZ, 23.1.93. – PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, SELF-HELP, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-RELIANCE, LEADERSHIP, RULE, LAW, CONSTITUTIONS

AIM: There are no national purposes but only those of individuals and like-minded groups of volunteers. - JZ, 5.8.92, 23.1.93. - NATIONAL AIMS AND PURPOSES

AIM: We agree on the aims with all decent people. I hold that what is resisted is not our fight but our tactics.” - Kurt Tucholsky, Politische Texte, p. 89. - Common aims are usually defined in all too general terms, which give no clear idea on how to achieve them: Peace on Earth, Prosperity for All, Justice, Harmony, Cooperation, Socialism, Liberalism, Liberty, Democracy, Americanism, Equality, Fraternity, etc. The definitions of them and of roads to them differ immensely, like in religion “the road to God” and the concept of “God” itself. Thus the only common aim should be an agreement upon: To each his own aim and his own method, system or organization, i.e. an agreement upon freedom of action and experimentation for all: To each the government or free society of his or her dreams. - No other common aim or agreement would be required. And the prerequisites are few and simple: Voluntarism, Exterritorial Autonomy, Individual Sovereignty, Individual Secessionism, Minority Autonomy on an exterritorial basis and Recognition of Individual Rights for their “international” relations. – JZ, n.d. - PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, ACTION, PLURALISM

AIR RAIDS, BENEVOLENT ONES: American retaliation (*) was swift and efficient. The President of the United States ordered a vast and hastily assembled task force to steam at top speed for China. It consisted of ten aircraft carriers, twenty nuclear-powered submarines, and thirty supertankers. (**) Even before the task force arrived, one thousand American bombers completed five successful missions over the mainland of China with only one casualty, a plane brought down in the sea shortly after take-off by an unusually belligerent albatross. - - The bombers made their first run over Peking. They dropped five thousand tons of oral contraceptives, five million fresh frozen ready-to-cook chickens, ten million packets of chewing gum, two thousand tons of sugar, one thousand tons of freeze-dried coffee, one hundred tons of cream, fifty tons of cosmetics and five tons of marijuana. - - Later the task force delivered a further twenty thousand tons of contraceptives, two million tons of canned food, five thousand tractors and ploughs, ten million tons of solid and liquid fertilizers, one hundred million frozen turkeys, two thousand million hamburgers, ten completely portable maternity hospitals and two hundred volunteer Chinese-speaking American psychiatrists. - - The Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party resigned and offered to help rebuild a Tibetan monastery. The President of the United States was made an honorary Qualified Chinese Cook (Second Class) and had his face on the cover of Time for the third time in three months.” - From a humorous SF book, on the spread of a love-bug, infecting everyone, making them promiscuous, then gluttonous, then tranquil and then loving. Sorry, but I failed to jot down the author and title. - Compare: “The best way to defeat an enemy is to make a friend out of him.” – Naturally, even unilateral free trade could achieve much the same, especially if it includes monetary and clearing freedom. – JZ, 17.9.07.- Sometimes, humor can be thoughtful and may repeat some of the best historical actions. - (*) ( to a public confessions of the sins of the communist regime, by its leaders – JZ ) - (**) Red Chinese observers should have been invited to participate and should have been supplied with short-wave senders, to prevent any misunderstandings of this action. Quite rightful, i.e., panarchistic war and peace aims should also be believably declared at the same time and already practised in the USA, among Americans and for all kinds of Chinese governments and societies in exile, all only for exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers. – JZ, 17.9.07. – RIGHTFUL AIR RAIDS & BOMBING, , APPEALING DIRECTLY & PRACTICALLY TO THE SUBJECTED PEOPLE ON THE OTHER SIDE, NEGOTIATION BY ACTIONS, FOREIGN AID DIRECTLY TO SUFFERING PEOPLE

AIR RAIDS: Bigger bombs and smaller results.” - Larry Beinhart, American Hero, p.179. – More bombs and still less rightful and positive results – Naturally, that also applies to the suicide bombers ans other terrorists. – JZ, 12.9.07. - BOMBING, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, TERRORISM

AIR RAIDS: Eighteen of the Royal Air Force’s Whitley bombers took to the air intending to do harm to places within Germany. It was the second night of Churchill’s prime-ministership. “Bomber Command went to war on 11 May 1941. It had only been fooling with war until then,” wrote James Spaight, an air-power theorist, several years later. “We began to bomb objectives on the German mainland before the Germans began to bomb objectives on the British mainland.” … - - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.178. – The targets hit, if any at all, were rather concentrations of civilians than any military targets. – At least in this the Western Allies outdid the Nazi regime! – Did they ever attempt to kill Hitler? - 19.1.13. - INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, LIBERATION, FREEDOM FIGHTERS, FALSE ENEMY DEFINTION.

AIR RAIDS: Few bombings make any sense. The larger and the more indiscriminate they are, the less sense they make. - JZ, 16.7.01. - BOMBING, NUCLEAR WEAPONS

AIR RAIDS: From the mines of the Briey district comes ninety per cent of France’s iron ore. In 1914 those mines were captured by the Germans, who worked them for the iron they needed. They worked them hard. They have admitted since that without the iron they mined at Briey they would have been finished in 1917. Yes, they worked Briey. I, who was at Verdun, can tell you that. Night after night we watched the glare in the sky from the blast furnaces of Briey a few kilometers away; the blast furnaces that were feeding the German guns. Our artillery and our bombing aeroplanes could have blown those furnaces to pieces in a week. But our artillery remained silent; an airman who dropped one bomb on the Briey area was court-martialled. Why? His voice rose. ‘I will tell you why, Monsier. Because there were orders that Briey was not to be touched. Whose orders? Nobody knew. The orders came from someone at the top. The Ministry of War said it was the generals. The generals said that it was the Ministry of War. (Probably, both were bribed. – JZ) We did not find out the facts until after the war. The orders had been issued by Monsier de Wendel of the Comité des Forges who owned the Briey mines and blast furnaces. We were fighting for our lives, but our lives were less important than that the property of Monsier de Wendel should be preserved to make fat profits. No, it is not good for those who fight to know too much. Speeches, yes! The truth, no!” - Eric Ambler: Journey into Fear, p. 199, in: Eric Ambler, complete and unabridged, 6 novels, p. 209. – Ulrich von Beckerath summed this up with: Chocolate bombs and medicines for the civilians but bombs on the furnaces and ball-bearing industries! So that technological warfare becomes shortened. – JZ, 9.9.07. – BOMBING OF FURNACES RATHER THAN OF CIVILIAN POPULATIONS, DESERTION, PRISONER OF WAR TREATMENT, FRATERNIZATION, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, WARFARE

AIR RAIDS: Germany issues a warning to Britain about some bombs that had fallen on a railroad line at the Heiligenhafen station in Schleswig – Holstein, far from any war zone. It was April 12, 1940. The British Air Ministry denied the raid. On the night of April 22m the British (*) bombed occupied Oslo, something the Germans had not done, for two and a half hours. The British hit, the Germans said, a civilian area. (**) - - Then, on April 25, the German high command issued its third “final” warning. This time it was over an attack on the town of Heide, in northern Germany, “The enemy has opened aerial warfare against undefended places”, the German high command said. Although the Luftwaffe remained under orders to avoid attacks on civilians, Germany would, if the British (*) persisted in this pattern of attack, retaliate. “Bombs will be repaid with bombs if the British continue bombing nonmilitary targets”, the warning said. The next response would be a “sad awakening” for England.” – Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.172. - - Ibid, p. 173: “The British Air Ministry issued a denial: “No attack was made on the town of Heide.” Which didn’t mean the British bombs hadn’t fallen on Heide. It was difficult, using dead reckoning and peering down at moonlit rivers and coastlines, for English fliers to know where they were going. They dropped their bombs in the dark, hoping they were where they thought they were. Later in the war, when the British had radio-beam navigation systems, called “Gee” and “Oboe”, it would be easier. But for now, getting lost was not uncommon. “Normally it was not difficult to find the target area but almost impossible to be anywhere near a specific target”, one flier recalled of that early period, “so we just dropped the bombs at an estimated position and hoped for the best. I very much doubt if we ever hit a specific target.” - - (*) The British people had no say on this subject, either! – (**) Thus holding the victims of the occupation responsible for it! – Apparently, the RAF should not have used bombers and bombs, as long as its pilot’s navigation or the aiming mechanisms were as flawed! - JZ, 14.9.08. AIR RAIDS, INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING 

AIR RAIDS: H. G. Wells wrote a letter to Winston Churchill, enclosing a book and suggesting that England firebomb crops and forests in Germany. It was June 20, 1941. Churchill thanked him by telegram.” - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.344. – When even intellectuals are as crooked in their thinking and morals then what can one expect of leading politicians? – Scorched earth “policies’ had long been condemned and also outlawed by international law. - JZ, 13.9.08. - INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING

AIR RAIDS: Lord Boom Trenchard asked himself what should happen next. For a year the RAF had been unloading everything it had on cities from Schwerte to Kiel to Mannheim to Berlin, and it hadn’t worked – no collapse of civilian morale, no revolutionary unrest, no industrial taproot cut. Trenchard’s beloved RAF had lost many good airplanes and good men, … Trenchard’s answer was: more. More bombing. Relentless nightly bombing, heavier bombers, more bombers. Not distractions. The English could take it, he wrote in a long memo. “History has proved that we have always been able to stand our Casualties better than other Nations”, he wrote. And the Germans couldn’t take it. “The German nation is peculiarly susceptible to air bombing.” (*) Yes, it was true that “the percentage of bombs which hit the military Target at which they are aimed is not more than one per cent.” That was only a problem if the military target was out in the middle of nowhere, like a battleship or an oil field. Ignore those targets. … Ignore tactical operations in the Mediterranean. Drop more tonnage smack in the midst of Germany, where people live and where no bombs will go to waste: “The 99 per cent which miss the military target all help to kill, damage, frighten or interfere with Germans in Germany and the whole 100 per cent of the bomber organization is doing useful work, and not merely 1 per cent. of it.” (*) Any town with more than five thousand inhabitants and some sort of military objective – which could not, of course, be hit 99 percent of the time –was fair game. “Not a single day or night should pass without a visit from out machines,” Trenchard wrote. The object was to break them – to make the “civil population of Germany realize what war means.” – Portal, head of the Royal Air Force, concurred”. – Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.326/27. – Those, who had no say on war and peace but were enslaved as conscripts, forced laborers and taxpayers for it, were to be victimized further, as if they were the main culprits. – No more than one in ten Germans was a member of the Nazi-Party and many joined not out of conviction but out of economic necessity. The staff of whole offices were signed up by their employers without being asked and did not dare to protest afterwards. – The civilians, except those in top government positions, are not in control of wars! – Not even in democracies, far less in under totalitarian governments. – The output of the German arms industry was only reduced only by 12% through all the air raids! But what would have happened to technological warfare of the Nazi regime if only its few furnaces and is few ball bearing industries had been attacked, by bombs, sabotage acts or commando raids? – That was a question of Ulrich von Beckerath, who held that 3 months after the destruction of these plants the war would have ground to a stop. But they were attacked only late in the war, after they were well covered and defended. – The military leaders, too, don’t know their own “business!” - (*) Evidence? - JZ, 14.9.08. – Compared with this indiscriminate mass murder of civilians the current use of drones is an almost humanitarian use of discriminating weapons, which only accidentally and unintentionally kill also some innocent civilians rather than terrorists. – International law had prohibited the attack on civilians and whole towns and cities rather than military targets. All sided largely ignored them. - JZ, 19.1.13. – DRONES,  INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, SCORCHED EARTH “POLICY”

AIR RAIDS: Lord Cherwell’s personal secretary looked at 650 reconnaissance photographs of places the Royal Air Force had bombed earlier that summer. The secretary’s conclusions were that, on average, one in five airplanes that took off from England to bomb Germany or the coast of France successfully placed its bombs somewhere within seventy-five square miles of its assigned target. When there was no moon or heavy flak, the miss rate was even higher. – The secretary’s name was David Benusson-Butt, and his report, dated August 18, 1941, achieved fame as the Butt Report. It caused soul-searching at the Air Ministry. Churchill began to doubt that bombing alone would win the war. But the bombing continued. Churchill’s slogan was “Keep buggering on.” (*) - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p. 381. – (*) He knew and cared “bugger all” about rightful and liberating warfare. – JZ., 19.1.13. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING

AIR RAIDS: Most Germans, alas, did not care much about other countries and cities being bombed by their governments. Nor did they have any say in this matter. But when it came to their own country and cities being bombed then, all too often, they sided rather with the Nazis as their “defenders”. Goering had tried to assure them by saying: “If the first enemy bomber appears over Berlin you may call me “Meyer”. Not long after the bombers came, by the dozens and even hundreds, but nobody dared to call Goering “Meyer” openly. Speaking up against the war meant risking one’s life. – German youths were more interested in the technological challenges and opportunities of fighter planes and bombers than in their use and abuse. Shooting down bombers used against civilians appeared quite justified to them - quite rightly so. Germans were all the product of State “education” and indoctrinated in favor of territorial nationalism and statism. I.e. they were and are, in most important respects, not mentally grown up and self-responsible. But then: Was and is public opinion in most other countries much superior? – Aren’t even ABC mass murder devices today tolerated all too much in the hands of territorial “democratic” governments? – JZ, 11.10.05, 30.10.07.

AIR RAIDS: Roosevelt sent out a two-paragraph letter to the governments of Germany, Poland, Italy, France, and England. It was September 1, 1939: “The ruthless bombing from the air of civilians in unfortified centers of population during the course of hostilities which have raged in various quarters of the earth during the past few years, which has resulted in the maiming and in the death of thousands of defenseless men, women, and children, has sickened the hearts of every civilized man and woman, and has profoundly shocked the conscience of humanity. … If resort is had to this form of inhuman barbarism during the period of the tragic conflagration with which the world is now confronted, hundreds of thousands of innocent human beings who have no responsibility for, and who are not even remotely participating in the hostilities which have now broken out, will lose their lives. I am therefore addressing this urgent appeal to every government which may be engaged in hostilities publicly to affirm its determination that its armed force shall in no event, and under no circumstances, undertake the bombardment from the air of civilian populations of unfortified cities, upon the understanding that these same rules of warfare will be scrupulously observed by all of their opponents.”(*) – Roosevelt requested an immediate reply.” - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.134. – “England and France released their response to Roosevelt’s bombardment appeal. It was September 2, 1939. They promised to “conduct hostilities with a firm desire to spare the civilian population and to preserve in every way possible those monuments of human achievement which are treasured in all civilized countries,” the joint statement said. – There was a catch, though. If Germany (**) bombed civilians or destroyed cultural treasures, the deal was off. England and France would then “take all such action as they may consider appropriate.” - (*) - - Hitler wrote Roosevelt: “I agree to your proposals – on condition, of course, that the enemy observes the same rules. (*) – Ibid, p. 137. - Perhaps this was the most decent thing R. every did.– (*) As if two wrongs would make them right! – (**) Germany was not free to act! It was under a totalitarian dictatorship! - JZ, 14.9.08. – WARFARE ON “THE PRINCIPLE” OF “COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY”, INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING

AIR RAIDS: The bombing offensive,” historian Shlomo Aaronson wrote years later, “fed Hitler’s wrath, indirect connection with this concept of the “Jew’s war” against him, and helped unite his nation behind him and justify further Nazi atrocities against the remaining Jews.” - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.391. – HOLOCAUST, JEWS ONCE AGAIN AS SCAPEGOATS, ANTISEMITISM, INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING

AIR RAIDS: The Germans (*) sent the Dutch an ultimatum. Unless all resistance ended, Rotterdam would be visited with “complete destruction”. It was May 14, 1940. - - The Dutch delayed, asking for the rank and signature of the officer who sent the ultimatum. One of the German Generals, General Schmidt, believing that a capitulation was imminent, radioed the high command to call off the air attack. Others above him – probably Goering and probably Hitler himself – authorized it anyway. - - At 1:30 in the afternoon, the Luftwaffe flew in with more than fifty Heinkel bombers. Failing to notice, or ignoring, the red “do not bomb” flares that General Schmidt sent up, they burned and blasted the centre of the city. Oil from a margarine factory fed fierce fires Nine hundred died.” - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.180. - I do suspect that the Hitler regime really wanted the Allies to attack the German civilian population in order to get its backing, under the pretence that they were really fighting for their homes. There was no enthusiasm for this war among civilians and soldiers. As a popular demagogic speaker, mass psychology was his thing. - Even a democratic leader like Roosevelt made sure, as far as he could, for the first Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor to take place and to become a success, for this event got public opinion on his side for entering the war. - I witnessed myself, as a child in a Berlin air raid shelter, how these air raids motivated soldiers, who were on leave, to fight on. - 15 year old boys manned the anti-bomber flak guns. They believed to defend their homes. - (*) Rather, the totalitarian Hitler regime did. Even in democracies the people have no say on such matters. The Germans were under total censorship. Ca. 300,000 of the first inmates of Nazi concentration camps, all political opponents, were so brutally treated there that most of the survivors were cowed into silence and obedience for the rest of the regime. Most people can take only so much of such treatment. Terror ruled. – JZ, 14.9.08. - INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING

AIR RAIDS: You always write it’s bombing, bombing, bombing. It’s not bombing, it’s air support.” - Air Force Colonel David Opfer, complaining to reporters about their coverage of the Vietnam War. – As if “air” needed support. – Does one find many friends and allies in areas that have been napalm bombed? – JZ, 4.1.08. - INDISCRIMINATE, AREA BOMBING, PROPAGANDA,

AIR RAIDS: You don’t make war but enemies when you bomb women and children. - JZ, 1965. - One cannot win the hearts and minds of a people by air raids against them. - JZ, 1.4.87. - “One does not expect to find friends in a village hit by napalm bombs.” - Dennis Warner (?), n.d. - I was a victim of air raids myself. For some criticism and alternatives see my article in PEACE PLANS No. 8. - JZ, 23.1.93. ( One of the few of 1779 issues already digitized by me. – JZ, 4.11.08. )

AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL: In Switzerland, air traffic control is handled by Radio Suisse, an independent nonprofit corporation, and financed by user fees.” - Richard Cornuelle, Healing America, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1983, p. 191. – He brings many other examples. Get yourself – and read this book! – JZ, 12.9.08. – Territorial governments are the worst possible, most wrongful and expensive agencies for any public services. – JZ, 19.1.13.

AIRLINES: No pilot and aircraft licensing. (Insurers will have their own requirements.) No outlawry of gyrocopters. - No national or privileged air lines. No subsidies. No government-provided and run airports. No eminent domain and government planning to establish airports. No route or price regulation for airlines. A pilot or airline executive could probably list a few dozen unwarranted further restrictions. Airlines may be even more regulated than broadcasting is and the economy in general. - JZ, n.d., 23.1.93.

AIRLINES: Private, unregulated and unsubsidised airlines: This could really bring air travel costs down to their market level and at the same time prevent the subsidisation of those who can afford air travel by those who usually can’t, like bus, train and car travellers, who now are usually forced to subsidise e.g. air ports. - JZ, n.d. - By now, through still imperfect competition, some air trips have already become cheaper than e.g. single person car trips. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AIRLINES: the airline industry, like the railroads, is a cartel, pure and simple: free entry is taboo; prices are fixed. Had the airline or railroad owners effected this rigged arrangement themselves, they would be prosecuted as criminals by the Antitrust Division of the Justice Department. But they are absolved of any guilt because, in these two instances, the cartels are of governmental construction.” – Leonard E. Read, The Coming Aristocracy, p.38. - Since he wrote this, much has been changed in these industries but the interventionists and regulators and nationalizers are still at it. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: A man may not be responsible for his last drink, but he certainly was for the first.” - Billy Graham. (I never thought that I would be quoting him! - JZ, 23.1.93.)

ALCOHOL: A morning Sun, and a Wine-bred child, and a Latin-bred woman seldom end well.” - George Herbert, Jacula Prudentum. - My godfather was the son of a drunkard and born with a very small head. But that gave him only an additional incentive to excel. He became, e.g., an athlete, and opted out early of the Nazi armies in the Balkans, returning on foot to Berlin, to help his Jewish girlfriend and later wife to survive in the underground. After the war he became a director of a large concern, the West Berlin waterworks. In other words, he was one of the lucky ones, who were not too handicapped by such a father. How many of the deadheads of today, in and out of office, are due to that cause? - JZ 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: A torchlight procession marching down your throat.” - John O’Sullivan, 1813-95.

ALCOHOL: Alcohol attacks brain cells, even kills them in large numbers, while juice nourishes them. – If the number of brain cells were not so enormous, drinkers would soon eliminate themselves. – However, very moderate alcohol consumption seems to have some beneficial effects, either through some rare other substances e.g. in wine or merely through the disinfecting effects of alcohol. - JZ, 23.5.95, 21.9.08.

ALCOHOL: Alcohol consumption is an encouragement to write yourself off.” – Heard on ABC FM radio, 30.7.04, 7.40 am.

ALCOHOL: alcohol consumption which warmed the body, numbed the mind, and destroyed the spirit.” – Eric V. Lustbader, Angel Eyes, Ballantine Books, 1991, p.70.

ALCOHOL: Alcohol dulls the mind game and produces emotional stupor.” - Timothy Leary, The Politics of Ecstasy, 36. – Is LSD really less harmful? – I doubt that it really stimulates creativity, apart from the creation of colourful posters under its influences. - JZ, 4.11.08.

ALCOHOL: Alcohol is the opium of the people.” - Samuel R. Delany, quoted in NEW LIBERTARIAN, 5/6, 1978, 1980, page 15.

ALCOHOL: Alcohol is the worst opiate of the people. JZ, 6.7.82. - Tobacco is probably the second. But at least the second does not make people aggressive or dulls their minds immediately and too much. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: Alcohol isn’t really conducive to superior judgement.” - LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.147.

ALCOHOL: Alcoholism: Society’s legitimatised drug addiction.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

ALCOHOL: Ale, man, ale’s the thing to drink for fellows whom it hurts to think.” - Mayford Peirce, Unlimited Warfare, ANALOG, Nov. 74, p. 154. - Also ascribed to A. E. Houseman, 1859 - 1936.

ALCOHOL: All too often and extensively we think everything is harmless that does not immediately make us sick or kill us or that gives us some temporary pleasure or distraction or promises some other benefit. We are still more animals than rational animals. How many have so far embraced all rightful and sensible freedom and peace ideas wholeheartedly? - JZ, 15.6.01, 2.2.02. - DRUGS, TOBACCO, ADDICTIONS, LACK OF EXERCISE, OVER-EATING, RADIATION HAZARDS, POISONS IGNORED, HARMFUL GENETIC MANIPULATION

ALCOHOL: At the first cup man drinks wine; at the second cup wine drinks wine; at the third cup wine drinks man.” - Unknown. A Japanese proverb. - “What they say in Japan: ‘First the man takes a drink, then the drink takes the man!’ - E. R. Sill, An Adage from the Orient.

ALCOHOL: But unfortunately alcohol not only maketh glad the heart of man; it also, in excessive doses, causes illness and addiction, and has been a main source, for the last eight or ten-thousand years, of crime, domestic unhappiness, moral degradation and avoidable accidents.” - Aldous Huxley, Brave New World Revisited, p.350.

ALCOHOL: Dignity - one thing that cannot be preserved in alcohol.” - Graeme and Sarah Lorimer.

ALCOHOL: Drink drains the brain.” - Quoted by Mr. L. C. Yelds of Coveney St., North Bexley, in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 8.9.77.

ALCOHOL: Drink has drained more blood, hung more crepe, sold more houses, plunged more people into bankruptcy, armed more villains, slain more children, snapped more wedding rings, defiled more innocence, blinded more eyes, twisted more limbs, dethroned more reason, wrecked more manhood, dishonoured more womanhood, broken more hearts, blasted more lives, driven more to suicide, and dug more graves than any other poisoned scourge that ever swept its death-dealing waves around the world.” - Evangeline Booth, Good Housekeeping.

ALCOHOL: Drink is the curse of the working class.” - From film: The Pad and How to Use It, with Brian Bedford. - Ibid: “Work is the curse of the drinking classes.” – Where work is really a vocation one would rarely drink, unless one imagines e.g. that drinking would stimulate the imagination, as Friedrich Schiller thought. Goethe replied to this assertion, that he would be able to point out to him all the verses written under the influence – because they would be under the high standard of his verses when written while he was sober! I do not know how Schiller responded to that. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALCOHOL: Drinking. What certainly won’t solve your problem, but it’ll give you some interesting new ones.” - Tony Pettito. – Drunk or drugged driving is not only “interesting” but often deadly. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALCOHOL: Drunkenness is nothing but voluntary madness. (Nihil aliud est ebrietatem quam voluntariam insaniam.) - Seneca, Epistulae ad Lucilium, Epis. Lxxxiii, 20. - Seneca, 5-65.

ALCOHOL: Drunkenness is temporary suicide; the happiness that it brings is merely negative, a momentary cessation of unhappiness.” - Bertrand Russell, b. 1872, The Conquest of Happiness.

ALCOHOL: Drunkenness is the ruin of reason. It is premature old age. It is temporary death.” - St. Basil, Homilies.

ALCOHOL: Drunkenness, that worst of evils, makes some men fools, some beasts, some devils.” - Poor Richard, 1751.

ALCOHOL: First you take a drink. Then the drink takes a drink, then the drink takes you.” - F. Scott Fitzgerald. Quoted Jules Feiffer, Ackroyd.

ALCOHOL: For when the wine is in, the wit is out.” - Thomas Becon, Catechism, 375. (1558) – Compare the English proverb: “When ale is in, wit is out.”

ALCOHOL: God! That men should put an enemy in their mouths to steal away their brains.” - Cassio, in Othello, William Shakespeare, 1564-1616.

ALCOHOL: He that spills the rum, loses that only; he that drinks it, often loses both, that and himself.” - Poor Richard, 1750.

ALCOHOL: Human culture is merely a thin film of lacquer that is easily dissolved in alcohol.” - Source unknown

ALCOHOL: I believe that if one has been blessed with a mind of unusual sharpness it is a heinous crime to use devices that merely fuddle it.” – Simon Rack, Starcross, Laurence James, Sphere books, 1974, 62. - OTHER DRUGS

ALCOHOL: I see that you found your compulsive “mode of self-destruction”. - JZ, 1/12/78, quoting Robert Silverberg.

ALCOHOL: I would appeal to Phillip, but to Philip sober.” (Provocarem ad Philippum, sed sobrium.) - Valerius Maximus, Bk.VI, ch. 2. - Valerium gives this as the appeal of an old woman, against whom Philip of Macedon, sitting in judgment after dinner, had pronounced an unjust sentence. “I appeal!” she cried. “To whom?” asked Philip. “To Philip when sober,” the woman replied. Philip allowed the appeal and when he recovered his senses, reversed the judgement. The incident has passed into a proverb, “To appeal from Philp drunk to Philip sober.” - The incident indicates that Philip was not yet too drunk to be able to accept the appeal. Otherwise, he might have had her killed on the spot. His son, Alexander the Great, killed even one of his best friends in a drunken rage. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: If a man has drunk one quart of wine, a quarter of his intelligence is gone. If he has drunk three quarts, then three quarters of his intelligence is gone, and his mind is so confused that he begins to say unseemly things. But if he drinks a fourth quart, then all his intelligence goes, his mind becomes addled, and he can no longer talk, for his tongue has become paralysed.” - Vayikrah Rabbah, I:4,8, in The Wisdom of Israel, ed. by Lewis Browne. - For each person a certain quantity of alcohol, consumed within a certain time, even when mixed with food, becomes outright deadly. At least some permanent damages remain and accumulate even upon moderate consumption. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: If only one could make people imbibe wisdom like spirits. - There would not be a hangover, either. - JZ, 29.12.75. - Creative thinking and the gaining of a new and important understanding can actually produce a significant “high”, mentally and physically, coming at best to  ecstasy. But opportunities for this seem so far rare and far in between. - G. C. Lichtenberg once wrote that for a book that would contain a new and interesting idea on ever page, he would be prepared to crawl on his knees, from Göttingen to Hamburg. Most libertarians live e.g. isolated from each other or are committed to only a few and still flawed doctrines, endlessly repeated and mutually confirmed rather than fully thought through, criticised and further developed. The ideal reference works for self-education and the education of others are still amiss. There are too few opportunities for rap-sessions and brain-storming among like-minded people. (That at least has been changed through numerous web-site discussion groups. - JZ, 24.9.02.) Sign debates or “electronic argument mapping” like it is proposed online by Paul Monk et al, would offer some such opportunities, computer conferencing and networking via electronic bulletin boards and discussion groups, would offer others. Fiched networking was never sufficiently developed, too. In other words, there are or ought to be many attractive alternatives to alcoholic drinks, perhaps even more than exist now in soft drinks, and many ways to achieve mental and physical highs without chemicals. Perhaps coffee and tea excepted. Then at least excess alcohol consumption would tend to go down. - JZ, 23.1.93. - PROPAGANDA, REDENSARTEN (RED.)  IDEAS ARCHIVE, DEFINITIONS, SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS, PREJUDICES

ALCOHOL: If you really think before you drink, you don’t drink! - JZ, 9.12.87.

ALCOHOL: Intoxication is not the wines fault, but the man’s.” - Chinese Proverb. - In 1990 I tried 2 tablespoons of light wine, just for the taste. They gave me an upset stomach. Maybe it was a chemical, maybe just a psychosomatic reaction. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: It has passed into a proverb that wisdom is clouded by wine.” (In proverbium cessit, sapientiam viono obumbrari.) - Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, Bk. xxiii, ch. 1, sec. 23.

ALCOHOL: It would be better that England should be free than that England should be compulsorily sober.” - W. C. Magee, 1821-1891. - PROHIBITION

ALCOHOL: Liquid madness sold at tenpence the quartern.” - Thomas Carlyle, Chartism, ch. 4.

ALCOHOL: Maybe alcohol picks you up a little bit, but it sure lets you down in a hurry.” - Betty Ford, wife of President Ford, on admitting to being an alcoholic.

ALCOHOL: Much drinking, little thinking.” – Jonathan Swift, Letter to Stella, 26 Feb., 1711.

ALCOHOL: My friend Ulrich von Beckerath called the Dark Ages an age of almost perpetual drunkenness of almost everyone. - Even in our times, in France, small children are still given wine to drink, as far as I know. And during my walks through some U.S. slum areas, I was impressed by the number and proximity of grog shops and prayer houses in such areas. Cause or consequence? The image of a drunk, so drunk that he could no longer stand but merely rolled around, on the footpath and on the road, so horrified me that it will never leave my mind. This one managed to roll himself out of the paths of cars, while I was watching. Maybe a driver finally stopped and hauled him back to the footpath. I don’t remember. I was young and watched in shock and disgust. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: No beer and your mind will clear.” - Mrs. Julia Geddes, 10.2.91. - But it well never quite recover the clearness that could have been yours without it. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: One of the disadvantages of wine is that it makes a man mistake words for thoughts.” - Samuel Johnson, 1709-1784. - One could say the same of territorial politics. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: One reason I don’t drink is that I want to know when I am having a good time.” - Nancy Astor.

ALCOHOL: Our fault lies not in our stars but in our bars.” - Poul Anderson, quoted by Jim Baen, NEW DESTINIES, Sum. 88, p.37.

ALCOHOL: People are already irrational enough when they are sober. - JZ, 27.12.75.

ALCOHOL: Rational avoidance rather than prohibition! - JZ,23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: The peculiar charm of alcohol lies in the sense of careless well-being and bodily and mental comfort which it creates. It unburdens the individual of his cares and his fears... Under such conditions it is easy to laugh or to weep, to love or to hate, not wisely but too well.” - Dr. Haven Emerson, Alcohol and Man. - Too well or well enough or too much? - JZ, 23.1.93. - DRUGS.

ALCOHOL: The penalty is doubled if the offender is drunk.” - Pittacus, Politics, ii, fin. One of his laws. (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, ii, 5.) - We are still so uncivilised that when a man puts himself into a drunken state and afterwards he commits a crime, his drunkenness is considered by us as a mitigating circumstance, rather than an additional offence. The same could be said for gun use in crimes. Double the penalty for the crime, rather than try to disarm peaceful citizens, while, in practice, leaving guns in the hands of crims. What about a drunken criminal using a gun? Quadruple the penalty? That seems logically to follow from the above. However, like an almost certain death penalty, when caught, it might induce the offenders to rather kill their victims rather than leave them alive to become witnesses against them. To each his own state, court and penal system! - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALCOHOL: The visions and hallucinations of advanced stages of alcoholism may be racial memories of the primitive brain when the later developed brain segments have finally been largely killed off by excess alcohol consumption. – JZ, 1.5.94. – Admittedly, this is a mere hypothesis that I cannot prove and that may be quite wrong. – JZ, 20.9.08.

ALCOHOL: Then trust me there’s nothing like drinking - So pleasant on this side the grave; - It keeps the unhappy from thinking, - And makes even the valiant more brave.” - Charles Dibdin, Nothing like Grog. - More brave or more foolish and careless and slow in his thoughts and reactions, like a drunken driver? - Alcohol is probably involved in most serious road accidents and road accidents have killed more people than wars have in recent decades, among many of the “civilised” nations. - JZ, 23.1.93. – Alcohol consumed to excess can even turn peaceful people into fighting cocks. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALCOHOL: Those who drink beer will think beer.” - Washington Irving. – As if harder drinks would lead to clearer thoughts! – At least with beer it takes a while to get drunk. - JZ, 4.11.08.

ALCOHOL: What percentage of our children has been conceived while one or both partners were drunk or drugged, and are thus not the result of natural selection and attraction? - JZ,3/7/87.

ALCOHOL: When ale is in, wit is out.” - John Heywood, Proverbs, 1546.

ALCOHOL: When the wine’s in, murder will out.” - Babylonian Talmud, Erubin, fo. 65b. - While this is largely true, there are instances to the contrary. I heard that during WW I, in the Black Forest front area, a winery behind the German frontlines was intentionally not shelled by French artillery, because it kept the German troops there so drunk that they were no serious threat to the inferior numbers of French troops that opposed them. On the other hand, how many women were raped and even mutilated and murdered afterwards, by drunken soldiers? - JZ, 23.1.93. – Orthodox Jews usually drink only moderately. Drink and other drugs have turned many soldiers into still more indiscriminate killers. And prevent them from thinking about peaceful alternatives to mutual slaughter attempts. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALCOHOL: When wine comes in, knowledge goes out...” - From: The Wisdom of Israel, ed. by Lewis Browne.

ALCOHOL: Who, after his wine, prates of war’s hardships or of poverty? (Quis post vina gravem militiam aut pauperiem crepat?) - Horace, Odes, Bk. i, ode 18,1.5. – All too often it prevents serious discussions. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALCOHOL: Why put yourself into a condition where you can neither stand nor think upright? - JZ, 7.4.77.

ALCOHOL: With alcohol you start an internal and destructive revolution against yourself, particularly against your higher mental powers. - JZ 17.3.75. - Our brain cells do die already all too fast, their so far natural death. Some of them every day. We do not have to additionally slaughter masses of them via alcohol consumption. - JZ 23.1.93.

ALIENATION: a key ingredient in the alienation of workers is a deep desire to exercise control over one’s own work and to use one’s thinking powers....” - David Jenkins, Job Power, p.158. - SELF-MANAGEMENT, WORKERS’ CONTROL, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION, PARTNERSHIPS, CAPITAL, PROPERTY, INCENTIVES, WORK, WAGES, EMPLOYEE - EMPLOYER RELATIONSHIP, PARTICIPATORY DEMOCRACY, DIRECT DEMOCRACY, REFERENDUM, VOLUNTARISM, etc.

ALIENATION: Alienation exists when workers are unable to control their immediate work processes, to develop a sense of purpose and function which connects their jobs to the over-all organisation of production, to belong to integrated industrial communities, and when they fail to become involved in the activity of work as a mode of personal self-expression.” - quoted by David Jenkins in Job Power, p.38. – Just one of many important causes of present alienation. Taxation, the flood of laws, the foreign policy monopoly, the decision on war and peace monopoly, monetary despotism, protectionism for a few at the expense of all consumers, conscription, are just a few of the others. – Territorialism is the worst factor – an over-all reduction of all important individual choices for all of the population of a territory. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALIENATION: Alienation is highly desirable, as a motivation for creativity.” - Opinion ascribed to Walter Kaufmann by William H. Stoddard, IN LAISSEZ FAIRE REVIEW, 3-4/74. – I guess he meant only alienation from fools and prejudiced or ignorant people, not alienation from decent, intelligent and thoughtful people who do take a serious interest in man’s current major problems. – JZ, 19.1.13.

ALIENATION: All this does not mean that mankind is utterly helpless against lawless and tyrannical regimes. On the contrary, man’s rejection of violence - even when confronted by foreign or domestic tyranny - eliminates the temptations which violence brings with this and frees him to pursue more efficacious means. He can then seek to alienate the servants of the tyrant (JZ: See under DESERTION.) from their master and undercut his power at its roots. Man can offer the collective disobedience which, without violence, has constituted so potent a weapon in the past. While methods of this kind also have their price, both the moral and the physical cost would seem to be far less than that attached to violence; and the probabilities of restoring a reasonably legitimate and lawful regime would be much greater. Violence and the notion of lawfulness are so basically opposed to each other that when disobedience becomes uncivil it should at least cling to non-violence.” - Mulford Q. Sibley, The Obligation to Disobey, 114. - I try always to distinguish between a rightful and defensive use of force and an aggressive use of force or violence, coercion and compulsion. - JZ, 23.1.93. – DESERTION, REVOLUTION, LIBERATION, WAR AIMS, FRATERNIZATION, DESERTION, PRISONERS OF WAR TREATMENT, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, RIGHTFUL WARFARE AGAINST DICTATORSHIPS

ALIENATION: Allow different groups of volunteers to alienate themselves as much as they like from others, on a non-territorial and autonomous basis. - JZ 2.7.85.

ALIENATION: Real political power alienates us much more than ‘economic power’ is supposed to do. - JZ, 8.12.79. - The “them and us” division is much more felt in politics than in the market place. - JZ, 23.1.93. – We can largely boycott any of competitive suppliers of consumer goods and services but not the territorial monopoly suppliers or public services or, rather, public disservices. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALIENATION: That individual sovereignty is being destroyed in this country by our current political trends, and it is scarcely astonishing that individuals now feel ‘alienated’ from their government. They are not just alienated from it; they have virtually been expelled from the governmental process, where only organized mobs prevail.” - Simon, A Time for Truth, p. 221. - DEMOCRACY, REPRESENTATION, CONSENT, GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, AUTONOMY, LIBERTY, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

ALIENATION: The right to feel alienated must be added to the list of man’s inherent rights. Out of alienation can come great fruition. As the saying goes: ‘Better Socrates dissatisfied than a pig satisfied.’” - Robert J. Rubanowice, THE FREEMAN, 11/74. - But not: Better Socrates murdered than a pig satisfied! - The ultimate coercive alienation is alienation from one’s own life through territorial rule and all that this implies. - JZ, 25.1.93, 4.11.08.

ALIENATION: Thus intellectuals from Rousseau to such recent figures in French and German thought as Foucault and Habermas, regard alienation as rampant in any system in which an order is ‘imposed’ on individuals without their conscious consent; ...” – F. A. Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.64. - CONSENT, ORDER, IMPOSITIONS, COMPULSION, COERCION, UNITY, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM

ALIENATION: Voluntary alienation is expressed by some university students, to give just one example. The reasons for student discontent of this kind are obvious enough: the problem is not class or occupational exclusion, but the feeling that their views, desires, commitments, and very lives are not positive elements in the making of their nation’s political decisions.” - Silvert, Man’s Power, 116. – Mere students should not have power over national decisions but merely power over the affairs of their own voluntary communities – and these should be exterritorially fully autonomous. They could run their own free universities, if they wanted to, financed through a credit union in which already working academics would be the main investors and promising students the main debtors. Their discontent with territorial political governments they should express by individual and group secessions and forming their own panarchies under personal laws. But to think that they should determine the policies of whole populations amounts to an elitist authoritarianism even before they have proven that they are part of a real rather than merely imagined elite. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALIENS ACTS: What manner of society was this, that needed a class to project hate upon? What kind of ‘legislators’ made laws that placed one man eternally inferior to another - not through ineptness, or stupidity, or laziness - but simply because he was not a member of the herd? - Con Sellers, Mr. Tomorrow, X. - Aliens Acts make some sense only within and to the adherents of territorial monopoly states but none at all for panarchies, which are, internally, already as different as their voluntary members want them to be and disadvantaged members would remain free to secede and associate under full exterritorial autonomy, too. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALIENS: Already for its own advantage and in order to let no citizen think of wrongs, robbery and violence, and to leave him no opportunity other than through patient industry, within the sphere prescribed by law, every State must prohibit hurting any citizen of a neighbouring State - as severely and prevent it as strictly as if it were done against the own fellow citizens. This law on the security of neighbours, is a necessary law for every State which is not a robber-state.” – („Schon um seines eignen Vorteils willen, schon um in seinem eignen Buerger keinen Gedanken an Unrecht, Raub und Gewalttaetigkeit aufkommen, und ihm keine Moeglichkeit des Gewinnes uebrig zu lassen, ausser durch Fleiss und Arbeitsamkeit in der vom Gesetze angewiesenen Sphaere, muss jeder Staat die Verletzung eines Buergers des benachbarten Staates ebenso streng verbieten, so sorgfaeltig verhindern, so genau ersetzen lassen, und so hart bestrafen, als ob sie an dem eignen Mitbuerger aus geuebt waere. Dieses Gesetz ueber die Sicherheit der Nachbarn ist notwendiges Gesetz jedes Staates, der kein Raeuberstaat ist. ...“) - J. G. Fichte, Die Bestimmung des Menschen, S.136/7. - - „Freiheit ist immer die Freiheit des Anderen.“ (“Freedom is always the freedom of the other one.”) - Source? – FOREIGNERS, IMMIGRANTS, REFUGEES, DESERTERS

ALIENS: How shall we deal with strangers, except as brothers?” - Ursula K. Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness, 65. – Politeness is an alternative to familiarity. So are justice and tolerance, as well as neutrality, and free trade, voluntary segregation. Not even real brotherhood is a guaranty for peace or friendship between brothers. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALIENS: If a man be gracious and courteous to strangers, it shews he is a citizen of the world.” - Francis Bacon.

ALIENS: Only politicians, rulers and other criminals are ‘aliens’ and enemies in my eyes. - JZ, 6/72. – As long as they rule people territorially or try to. – If they confined themselves to their own kind of volunteers, they would be welcome to them, even if they obviously cannibalized them. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALIENS: People ready to murder millions of humans for relatively minor differences, would not hesitate to do it to aliens from space. In other words, as long as there are buttons for expressing nuclear madness and people with access to them, driven by various power illusions and spleens, we are not ready for contact with alien civilisations, nay, not even for contact with our own possible and desirable civilisation and culture in a quite free society, made up of many free societies, all only of volunteers and all confined to exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 12.9.92, 23.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ALIENS: The most difficult alien contact for humans is still that with other humans, who have other beliefs, customs, principles, aims or institutions or who do want others. - JZ, 11.4.92, 23.1.93.

ALIENS: There are no aliens in the family of man.” - Don Ho, Hawai. - “The narrow-minded ask, ‘Is this one of our tribe, or is he a stranger?’ But to those who are of a noble disposition, the whole world is but one family.” - Hitopadessa. - If it really were a single family, what a despotism it might become! No escape for anyone, anywhere! - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALIENS: There were no such things as strangers. In whatever form, with whatever purpose, all of them were people.” - Clifford D. Simak, Way Station, 31. - Although interest in SF aliens and in the peoples of other countries is now probably higher than ever before, it still expresses only a minority point of view and tolerant and sympathetic attitude rather than a general public opinion, which is still quite intolerant and often viciously so. However, after the introduction of exterritorial autonomy, at first claimed only by a few, this attitude and opinion would tend to disappear, fast. Most people opt already for foreign goods, even if they are still antagonistic to their producers coming over, too, to trade with us from nearby, instead of from a distance. - JZ, 23.1.93. – At least when it comes to tourism, foreign meals, cars, sportsmen, restaurants, music, art and films - the antagonism against “foreigners’ and “foreign” things has already largely disappeared.

ALIENS: To them we are the aliens.” - John Ashcroft, editorial, NEW WORLDS SF, 6/63, p.121. – We are their aliens. Do we want them to discriminate intolerantly and coercively against us as we do against them, e.g. with our immigration restrictions and territorial impositions? – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALIENS: We are ready for contacting aliens from space only once the best of human thoughts and beings are no longer alien to us. - JZ, 4.10.92, 23.1.93. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPERCOMPUTER PROJECT, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, ABSTRACTS, REVIEWS, BIBLIOGRAPHY, ENCYCLOPAEDIA etc.

ALIVE: In spite of all that can be said against our age, what moment it is to be alive in!” - From James McAuley’s Editorial, Vol. 1, No. 1 of QUADRANT.

ALIVE: Oh, Century, Oh sciences! It is a pleasure to live but not yet to retire, my Willibald. The studies flourish, the minds are moving and you, barbarism, take a rope and prepare for your banishment.” - Ulrich von Hutten, a bit prematurely, since he lived from 1488-1523.

ALLEGIANCE: Allegiance cannot be simply owed, e.g. by birth, but merely freely given - or withheld. - JZ, 27.6.89. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM VS. TERRITORIALISM

ALLEGIANCE: Allegiance to the State ... is allegiance run mad.” - Willoughby Berkie, the Earl of Abingdon, in his criticism of Burke’s defence of America. LAISSEZ FAIRE BOOKS, Sum 76. - CONSENT, LOYALTY, TREASON, OBEDIENCE, SUBORDINATION, STATISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, etc.

ALLEGIANCE: Beware of anyone who demands your allegiance. He obviously fears, probably with good reason, that he can’t earn it.” - Kelvin Throop, ANALOG 12/00, page 173. - LOYALTY, OBEDIENCE

ALLEGIANCE: I do not acknowledge allegiance to any government.” - Slight rewording of a remark by William Lloyd Garrison, 1838: “We cannot acknowledge allegiance to any human government.” - Quoted in Tolstoi, On Civil Disobedience, p. 215.

ALLEGIANCE: If the men of the Revolution designed to incorporate in the Constitution the absurd ideas of allegiance and treason, which they had once repudiated, against which they had fought, and by which the world had been enslaved, they thereby established for themselves an indisputable claim to the disgust and detestation of all mankind.” - Lysander Spooner, No Treason, I, p. 14, Works I.

ALLEGIANCE: Inherited or born-into allegiance, without any personal choice in the matter, is nonsense and cannot be justified. - JZ, 27.6.89, 23.1.93. But it is one of the many unjust and nonsense notions which still rule and thus misrule the world. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALLEGIANCE: Lawyers and judges assumed since 1608 (case of Sherley, a Frenchman) that a man “owed to the King obedience” as long as he was within the king’s protection. But the king’s protection (to the extent that it is more than imagined) is an imposed monopoly service and not a freely chosen and competitive service and it is already involuntarily paid for by taxes. Moreover, an almost sufficient degree of protection is given to kings and prime ministers but rarely to any other subject. (I was told, in 1990, that a recent mayor of Detroit needed 20 bodyguards to protect him from his “grateful” subjects!) At best the subjects are offered revenge via the law, and only rarely any or sufficient indemnification at the expense of their attackers. - Automatic allegiance is an invention of lawyers, politicians and rulers, who consider the State and all its people as their property, like Louis XIV did, when he said: “I am the State!” - JZ, 27.6.89, 23.1.93. - PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SOVEREIGNTY AND INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, DISOBEDIENCE, OBEDIENCE.


ALLEGIANCE: Our allegiance is to humanity first, to our country second, and to the army last... but above these is our allegiance to our individual consciences.” - Grafitti. When? Where?

ALLEGIANCE: The Constitution itself, uses no such word as ‘allegiance’, ‘sovereignty’, ‘loyalty’, ‘subject’, or any other term, such as is used by other governments, to signify the services, fidelity, obedience, or other duty, which the people are assumed to owe to their government, regardless of their own will in the matter. As the Constitution professes to rest wholly on consent, no one can owe allegiance, service, obedience, or any other duty to it, or to the government created by it, except with his consent. - The word ‘allegiance’ comes from the Latin words ‘ad’ and ‘ligo’, signifying ‘to bind to’. Thus a man under allegiance to a government, is a man ‘bound to it’; or bound to yield it support and fidelity. And governments, ‘founded otherwise than on consent’, hold that all persons born under them, are under allegiance to them; that is, are bound to render them their support, fidelity, and obedience; and are traitors if they resist them.” – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, II/11, Works, vol. I.

ALLEGIANCE: The opinions of the South, on the subjects of allegiance and treason, have been equally erroneous with those of the North. They only difference between them, has been, that the South has held that a man was (primarily) under involuntary allegiance to the State government; while the North held that he was (primarily) under a similar allegiance to the United States government; whereas, in truth, he was under no involuntary allegiance to either.” – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, II, p. 13, Works, vol. I. – CIVIL WAR

ALLEGIANCE: This thing Allegiance, as I suppose, // Is a ring fitted in the subject’s nose, // whereby that organ is kept rightly pointed // To smell the sweetness of the Lord’s anointed. G. J.” – Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary.

ALLEGIANCE: What hope is there for the world as long as we cling to the outmoded form of national allegiance? We owe allegiance to no one.” – Alistiar McLean, The Last Frontier, p.200.

ALLIANCES: Alliance & Leagues & Federations - only for the protection of individual human rights! - JZ 17.11.82.

ALLIANCES: Alliances between territorial governments have the tendency to spread and finally to become world wars. - There are three basic attitudes towards a small fight. All bystanders might jump in to draw the fighters apart, they might form a ring and cheer for one or the other or they might join the brawl. Political alliances have probably not often served to prevent a fight or to end it fast or to limit it. They tended to extend it. - JZ, 23.1.93.

ALLIANCES: Alliances do not promote peace among allies.” - Conclusion by Erich Weede, Weltpolitik und Kriegsursachen im 20. Jahrhundert, Munich, R. Oldenbourg, 1975. Quoted in PEACE RESEARCH, April 76.

ALLIANCES: as Hitler had predicted in the Bunker, no military alliance survives the first round of spoils dividing. (He was an expert on that. Look what he did to the Russians after signing a non-aggression pact with them.) - Jim Downard, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION106, p.18. - Only Stalin and some of his top henchmen signed it. On Hitler’s side it was the same. Any difference between the deals princes, kings and emperors made between themselves, at the expense of their subjects? The whole sphere is still so monopolised in practice and by the unchecked premises of theories that this monopoly is rarely ever questioned. - JZ, 23.1.93. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM

ALLIANCES: Close alliances with despots are never safe for free States.” - Demosthenes, Second Philippic, ca. 345 B.C. - Demosthenes, 385? - 322 B.C. - Alliances of anyone or any group with any territorial government are never safe. - JZ, 9.6.92.

ALLIANCES: Do not call the wolf to help you against the dogs.” - Russian proverb.

ALLIANCES: How can tyrants safely govern home - unless abroad they purchase great alliance?” - Shakespeare, Henry VI, III, c.1591.

ALLIANCES: I would trust only alliances between competing and tolerant governments in exile and minority groups, provided that all of them aim at and practise merely exterritorial autonomy for their voluntary supporters. All other alliances are like handshakes with a smile - under the threat of a gun. - JZ, 1.7.92, 15.1.93.

ALLIANCES: In international politics, the union of two thieves who have their hands so deeply inserted in each other’s pockets that they cannot separately plunder a third. – Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary.

ALLIANCES: leagues made with a view to mutual help in all wars alike, without distinction as to the cause, are unlawful;...” - Hugo Grotius, On the Laws of War and Peace.

ALLIANCES: One should distinguish between alliances between governments and alliances between the people themselves, possibly over the heads of their rulers. Would ordinary people, if it were up to them, grant an alliance status to any tyrant or dictatorial regime? I hold that in most instances they would not. Only some fanatics among them would be so inclined. Politicians, however, and diplomats, not usually known for their firm adherence to principles, least of all those of justice, rights and liberty, and rather addicted to power, have often done so and do it still. - JZ, 12.7.86, 23.1.93.

ALLIANCES: Only voluntary alliances can be rightful, if they are for a rightful purpose, too. - JZ, 23.1.93. - Only alliances between volunteer communities can be quite rightful and sensible and peace rather than war-promoting. - JZ, 25.9.02. - PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM.

ALLIANCES: Peace, commerce and honest friendship with all nations - entangling alliances with none.” - Thomas Jefferson, 1743-1826, Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801.

ALLIANCES: Rather only alliances between local volunteer militias for the protection of individual rights than any alliances between any territorial governments. - JZ, 24.1.93.

ALLIANCES: The Utopians - “never enter into any alliance with any other state. They think leagues are useless things, and reckon that if the common ties of human nature do not knit men together, the faith of promises will have no great effect on them.” - Thomas More, Utopia, 1516.

ALLIANCES: Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.” – George Washington, Farewell Address, Sep. 17, 1796.

ALLIANCES: Who would expect the alliances made between diplomats and politicians to be just, serious & lasting ones? - JZ, 25.9.02.

ALLIES: Instead of enemies, we are looking for allies everywhere.” - M. Ferguson, The Aquarian Conspiracy, 448. - The only allies that I would like to deal with in the future, anywhere, would be a) other local militias for the protection of individual rights, b) governments in exile that claim right now and aim for the future: only exterritorial autonomy for their voluntary members, c) a federation of all minority groups which has as the only common platform: the support of exterritorial autonomy for all volunteer communities. - JZ, 24.1.93. – ALLIES, SECRED ALLIES, CAPTIVE NATIONS, LIBERATION, DEFENCE, ENEMIES, CONSCRIPTS, DES.

ALLOW: Don’t tell me what you’re going to allow me to do.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.220. - LICENSING, PERMITS, GOVERNMENTS, COERCION, COMPULSION, FREEDOM, LIBERTY

ALONE: A man can be himself only as long as he is alone; and, if he does not love solitude, he will not love freedom; for it is only when he is alone that he is really free.” - Schopenhauer. - Freedom includes the freedom to associate with others in thousands of different ways. Man is at the same time a non-social and a social animal, as already Kant pointed out. Those who try to be only either of these two (or even anti-social ones - JZ, 25.9.02.) are not quite human. - JZ, 24.1.93.

ALONE: A true human has to be far from humans.” – Heinrich von Kleist. (Ein wahrer Mensch muss fern von Menschen sein.) – Only sometimes, for his special labor. If he made a habit of it then he would tend to deteriorate. Can books, radio, TV, discs, phone, mail, email and Internet surfing be a sufficient substitute for personal contacts? Hermits did not have such options in previous periods. – JZ, 4.11.08. – Should he not associate with other “true humans” for common purposes? – Oracular “wisdom” often lacks wisdom or judgment. Voluntary disassociations from people with low  interests, like weather, sports, betting etc. is another matter. One does not spend more time with them than one has to. – JZ, 20.1.13. -

ALONE: Alone is the condition in which every thoughtful person finds himself.” - Helmar Nahr. – There are some other thoughtful people or at least their writings around. By now the Internet can put us in touch with both. – JZ, 20.1.13.

ALONE: Alone: being in bad company.” – Ambrose Bierce. (Retranslated from German version.)

ALONE: Associate yourself with men of good quality if you esteem your own reputation; for ‘tis better to be alone than in bad company.” - George Washington.

ALONE: Better be alone than in bad company.” - Thomas Fuller, M.D., Gnomologia, 1732, 872. - “It is better to be alone than in ill company.” - George Pettie, Civil Conversations of Stefano Guazzo, 1581.

ALONE: Cause being alone, on your own, ain’t the same as being free.” - L. Neil Smith, The Wardove, p.134. – Of cause?

ALONE: Du kannst nicht allein sein. Du brauchst die anderen. Sorge dafuer, dass sie auch dich brauchen. Oder du bist erledigt.“ - J. H. Mackay, Abrechnung, 167. - You can’t be ( exist? ) alone. You need the others. See to it that they need you, too. Or you are finished.” - That does fully apply only to free market relationships for survival and also to some social relationships. - JZ, 24.1.93.

ALONE: He travels fastest who travels alone.” - Rudyard Kipling, The Winner. – Some jobs are so large that they need collaboration with others and division of labour. – Productive networking among libertarians still leaves much to be desired. - JZ, 20.1.13.

ALONE: I am alone but I am not lonely.” - From film: Having It All.

ALONE: I prefer living alone. Especially since I work at home. I’m not a recluse, I really need people. But I like to be able to say when.” - Gail Miller, NATIONAL TIMES, 24.2.75.

ALONE: I was always much alone,” she said. And after a slight pause, “Many people don’t help one get over being lonely.” - Hans Habe, Aftermath, p. 64.

ALONE: If he is closeted in a ‘24-hour-a-day relationship’ with someone, he can’t do things spontaneously. Such as? ‘Such as going out all night to a casino.’” - John Andrews, NATIONAL TIMES, 24.2.75.

ALONE: I’m never alone - I have me. Fortunately, I’m not one of those people who, when left alone, are faced with the unpleasant realisation that there’s really no one there.” - F. Paul Wilson, Wheels Within Wheels, p. 46.

ALONE: In what concerns you much, do not think you have companions; know that you are alone in the world.” - Thoreau, quoted in MINUS ONE, No. 30. - If directories were sufficiently developed and gave details on the interests of individuals, perhaps in a numerical code, we would find it much easier to contact people with similar interests, for some forms of collaboration and be it only for letter exchanges, e.g. among people with similar scholarly interests. Comprehensive registers of current research projects would help, too. The National Technical Information Service may still continue such a register which was started many years ago by the Smithonian and registered social science projects as well. At one stage it had over 350,000 projects registered. - However, until we have made such contacts, we should do our duty as if we were alone. Numerous contacts of this kind are not always necessary: Schiller said: “How fruitful is the smallest circle - if it is well cared for.” - JZ, n.d. – For libertarians a common online list of libertarian projects and a libertarian ideas archive and directory would be helpful, apart, naturally, from a comprehensive digital libertarian library, which by now could and should be on every libertarian desk. – JZ, 20.1.13.

ALONE: It is only as a man puts off all foreign support and stands alone that I see him to be strong and to prevail.” - Emerson, in Sprading, p.143. – As if all lone reformers, innovators and inventors had been successful! But history is full of their failures. This is one of the reasons for establishing an Ideas Archive, Talent Centre or Super-Computer Project. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALONE: It really is a terrific freedom not to have to consult anybody. Never mind how much you like them.” - Frank Watters, NATIONAL TIMES, 24.2.75.

ALONE: Living together is like being on parole. You have to report in each day.” - John Andrews, NATIONAL TIMES, 24.2.75.

ALONE: Pity the people who are bad company for themselves! - JZ, 24.1.93.

ALONE: Surrounded by dozens, even thousands, sometimes millions, and yet alone. - JZ, 15.4.84.

ALONE: That cause is strong which has not a multitude, but one strong man behind it.” - J. R. Lowell, Democracy: Books and Libraries. – Certain problems are much too large for even the strongest to tackle successfully on his own. As Leonard E. Read pointed out, no one, quite on his own, can even produce a can of beans or a pencil. – JZ, 3.11.10. - INDIVIDUALS, STRENGTH, COMMITTEES, INDEPENDENCE, SELF-RELIANCE, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SOLITUDE

ALONE: The man who goes alone can start today; but he who travels with another must wait till that other is ready.” - Thoreau.

ALONE: The right to be alone is the most comprehensive of rights and the right most valued in civilised man.” - Justice Louis D. Brandeis. - The right to associate, voluntarily, is as valuable for civilised man. - JZ, 24.1.93.

ALONE: The strongest man in the world is he who stands most alone.” - Henrik Ibsen, Lysander, Act v. – True or wishful thinking? As a rule he will play the role of a lone “voice in the wilderness”! – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALONE: There is a freedom thing. I’m fairly introspective. I really like time to think. If someone else is there you’re conscious of them always. This way I can potter around by myself, make a cup of tea if I feel like it, not have to turn it into a social occasion. Many of my best ideas come when I’m just ambling around.” - Frank Watters, NATIONAL TIMES, 24.2.75. - According to some statistics, it is a sign of our times that the single person households have very much increased in numbers over former decades. Even dancing has largely changed from group dancing to the dancing of couples and then of individuals. - JZ, 24.1.93.

ALONE: We walk alone in the world. Friends, such as we desire, are dreams and fables.” - R. W. Emerson, Friendship, 1841. – Even on that simple word, fact, need or option of individualism there are all too many errors, prejudices and misunderstandings. – Wordings often produce more misunderstanding than comprehension. - JZ, 20.1.13.

ALONE: We walk faster when we walk alone.” - Napoleon. - So why the hell did he think we have to travel with an army? - JZ, 24.1.93. – Why did he not make all his conquests on his own? He certainly travelled fast - back to France when he left one defeated army in Egypt and, later, another one in Russia. Did he also lead a fast retreat after Waterloo? – Most modern generals, too, do not lead from the front but from the rear, which makes it safer for them and their own retreat much easier. Their soldiers are just pawns and human sacrifices for them. – JZ, 4.11.08, 3.11.10.

ALONE: When people won’t let you alone, it’s because you haven’t learned how to make them do it.” - David Seabury, USA author, quoted by P. Dortort.

ALTAR: The place whereupon the priest formerly raveled out the small intestine of the sacrificial victim for purposes of divination and cooked its flesh for the gods. The word is now seldom used, except with reference to the sacrifice of their liberty and peace by a male and a female fool.” – Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary.


ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: Although Come-outerism was confined to a very small percentage of the American Population, its roots ran deep as witnessed by the fact that its major tenets again found expression in the pages of ‘THE WORLD’S REFORMER’, edited by Seward Mitchell of Newport, Maine, some forty years after Rogers’ death. Like Rogers before him, Mitchell argued that ‘the State is the great criminal, but it can never be destroyed by force but must be outgrown by higher conditions.’” - Source? The clipping refers to: The Nature of the State, - The World’s Reformer, # 286, Newport, Maine, n.d. - I have as yet never seen any sample of that series, far less the above-mentioned works by Rogers and Mitchell. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: By going beyond the state and eliminating its ‘protection’, anarchists must provide alternative institutions and a new ethos. Whatever alternative institutions and life-styles are developed, they must be based on free, uncoerced, and revocable participation.” - Editorial, p. 4, in LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, Winter 70. - The same options must be aimed at for all archists, Only then are anarchists and libertarians likely to be able to achieve them for themselves. - JZ, 25.1.93. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: Everywhere, by and for everybody, in every field of human endeavour and for every peaceful and creative purpose. All according to the individual choices of their voluntary members. All to be fully exempted from all so far territorially imposed constitutions, laws, administrations, jurisdictions and other controls and taxes. - JZ, 6.5.89, 4.7.89.

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: How does a new society emerge out of the old society? Like a mushroom upon a rotting trunk. Out of the subculture of the existing order grows an alternative community. The underground community of mutinous youth emerges and is going to develop independently of the still existing authorities. The revolution is taking place now...” - Roel Van Dyn, Amsterdam, Elfincity, Feb. 5, 1970, ELF, One. Also ELF, No. 7. - Unless it is accompanied by a programme of the same autonomy for all the different alternative institutions desired by all the different dissenters for themselves, any particular deviation from the norm is likely to become suppressed again by the unity and uniformity dogmatists of territorialism or “national sovereignty”. The merely national aspirations of all national minorities should thus be unleashed as well against the super-nation States. Likewise freed – into full exterritorial autonomy -  should be all other kinds of dissenters. A wider horizon offers much wider chances for all but those who want to be oppressors. - JZ, 25.1.93, 4.11.08. – See under Start-up options in my Panarchy A to Z. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: In the 15th anniversary edition of QUADRANT, James McAuley wrote of the threat to representative government and the rule of law in Australia and claimed that ‘today it is becoming doctrine with the left that “true” democracy requires the assertion of an alternative extra-parliamentary power, purporting to be the true voice and will of the people, entitled therefore to set at naught the authority of parliament and law’.” - Gerard Henderson, in QUADRANT, Sep./Oct. 1972. - A single “popular front”, as a pressure and action group, is as little representative and lawful as an alternative society as is any present territorial governmental establishment. True alternatives, fit not only for fluctuating and usually deceived majorities but for all minorities and individuals, could only be provided by freely competing alternative societies, made up only of volunteers, all confined to exterritorial autonomy, which is the only framework that could cater to the choices of sovereign individuals and their preferred personal laws and political, economic and social system, enterprises and institutions. - JZ, 25.1.93. – PANARCHISM

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: pressure from the newly-enfranchised ‘working-class’ consumers of welfare will lead to the creation of new market institutions to meet their demands - fee-charging schools or tutors, private health insurance, private hospitals - and of new political alignments to create legal and institutional room for them. Whatever ‘conservatives’ in ALL parties may do to preserve the welfare state despite the unprecedented and unforeseen revolution in expectations of the last quarter-century, consumers will increasingly demand something different and better, and the market will find ways of providing it - unless it is, for a time, suppressed by legalised tyranny the British will not long tolerate. - The question for politicians - Conservative, Social Democrat and Liberal - is whether they think they can repress the new demands or help them to be expressed in ways that maintain the liberties, toleration and civilities of British life.” - Arthur Seldon, 1985, p. 52. - WELFARE STATE, PANARCHISM

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: Swinburne writing in 1862, “A Song in Time of Order”, proposed a sea-borne refuge from governments: “Out to sea with her there, - Out with her over the sand, - Let the kings keep the earth for their share! - We have done with the sharers of land....- Will they tie the winds in a tether, - Put a bit in the jaws of the sea? - While three men hold together, - The kingdoms are less by three....” - One could confine one’s thoughts and actions to the sea, as some libertarians have done, when developing the notion of “Ocean Freedom”, or one could transfer the ethical arrangements of the law of the sea, the “open sea” to land. The land could become the common heritage like the sea. All could have their own “ship of state” on the land, too, not confined to any particular location but confined to their own affairs, with no vote or powers over the affairs of others. Then each could “sail or steam”, with a self-selected crew, in a social arrangement of their choice, in any direction they like, for any purpose they have chosen. Only the law of the sea against collisions and similar self-evident rules for their mutual protection, would have to be abided by, internationally. - JZ, 25.1.93. – PANARCHISM, OCEAN FREEDOM

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: The Italian solution is not just economic; it involves the creation of alternatives for the failed functions of the state – some formal and some highly informal. There are alternative postal services, alternative sanitation services, alternative police and fire services.” - Richard Cornuelle, Healing America, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1983, p. 148. - ITALIAN SOLUTION

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: The libertarian laissez-faire movement is, actually, if embarrassingly for some, a civil rights movement. But it is anti-political, in that it builds diversified power to be protected against government, even to dispense with government to a major degree, rather than seeking power to protect government or to perform any special social purposes.” - Karl Hess, Death of Politics, p.7. - Not just diversified and pluralistic power should be aimed at but alternative and competing governments or free societies that, by combining the sovereignties of free individuals, would become exterritorially quite autonomous, comparable to competing churches and sects. Only territorial, coercive, uniform and monopolistic and imposed governments would be done away with. Their opposite associations would be left as ways-out, different ways-out according to the different choices of individuals and minorities and majorities. - J.Z, 25.1.93.

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: The multitude is more interested in possibilities than in realities.” – „Die Menge interessiert sich mehr fuer Moeglichkeiten als fuer Wirklichkeiten.“ - E. Jonas, Nordische Diamanten, Nr. 141. (Henrik Hertz). - Die Mehrheit interessiert sich weniger fuer alle Moeglichkeiten als fuer die wenigen Wirklichkeiten die sie taeglich sieht. - JZ, 10.12.85. - (The Masses are less interested in all possibilities than in the few realities which it sees daily.) - However, a consistent interest of a few innovators could well suffice. - JZ 21.7.86. - Once they become free to go ahead, with their innovations among themselves, many of the masses of people would soon come to follow them, as they do follow e.g. technical innovations, fashions, dances, popular music innovations etc. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: The State is a condition, a certain relationship among human beings. ... we destroy it by contracting other relationships, by behaving differently toward one another... We are the State, and we shall continue to be the State until we have created the institutions that form a real community and society.” - Gustav Landauer, 1910. - He should have said that: We are our own State or community or society, but from now on merely an exterritorially autonomous one, that leaves all others free to do exterritorially and autonomously their own things for or to themselves. - JZ, 25.1.93, 20.1.13. - PANARCHISM, CONSENT, EXTERRITORIALITY, AUTONOMY, SECESSION, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS.

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: There is, however, a real alternative society to the economic stagnation and moral decay of the last 25 years in Britain. This alternative would be a truly free enterprise economy, whose participants are aware of their own and society’s long-term self-interest and responsibilities.” – Dr, Rhodes Boyson, Goodbye to Nationalisation, V. - Most are unaware or unappreciative of the alternative societies wanted by other individuals and volunteer groups. Since none should be forced upon anybody, like formerly religious cults were, each should become free to choose his own for himself - to benefit or suffer from it only by himself and with like-minded people. - 25.1.93. - See: PANARCHISM.

ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS: We need open classrooms as well as traditional schools. We need easy-come-easy-go organizations as well as rigid monastic orders (secular as well as religious.) - Alvin Toffler, The Third Wave, Pan Books & Collins, 1980/81, p.388. – Underlining by me. - JZ - VOLUNTARISM, COMPETITION, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, FREEDOM IN DIVERSITY, IN EVERY SPHERE

ALTERNATIVES: A direct alternative requires only a decision on your part; an indirect alternative requires that you get others to make decisions that would benefit you.” - Harry Brown, How I Found Freedom, p.75. - Under Panarchism the first would mean that you could establish your own panarchy; the second would mean that others would have established a panarchy that is ready-made for you. You would merely have to join it. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ALTERNATIVES: Allow alternatives! - JZ, 10.11/72. Allow alternatives to function exterritorially, autonomously and among volunteer groups under personal laws. - JZ, 25.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ALTERNATIVES: Allow private alternatives! - JZ, 11/72.

ALTERNATIVES: Any single hypothesis, alternative to the prevailing world-view, may have debatable probability; but the alternatives COLLECTIVELY far outweigh the apparent reality.” - R. C. W. Ettinger, Man Into Superman, p.225. – Many freely competing panarchies will tend to fast solve problems, between them, which territorial States have been unable to solved for centuries. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALTERNATIVES: Consider the alternatives! - JZ, 11.3.73. – Especially the numerous diverse ones possible under the voluntarism of exterritorially autonomous communities or panarchies or polyarchies or manarchies. – JZ, 4.11.08. – EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS VS. TERRITORIAL COMPULSION, MONOPOLISM, COLLECTIVISM & CENTRALIZATION

ALTERNATIVES: Economic analysis of free market vs. government institutions and services in such areas as schools, streets, courts, transportation, etc., shows why voluntary private alternatives are more efficient and more desirable than government. A defence of so-called ‘anarcho-capitalism’.” - David Friedman, Laissez Faire Catalogue, 11/74. - Alas, he did not extend that idea to embrace that of competition for the kinds of package deals that governments offer. Naturally, that would be only possible on an exterritorial and autonomous basis for volunteer-communities. - JZ 25.1.93.

ALTERNATIVES: Even if you could make big changes in the world, the cost would be gigantic. It’s always simpler and less costly to look for direct alternatives - as opposed to those that depend upon getting other people to act as you want them to act. That principle applies in ANY area of life.” - Harry Browne, How I Found Freedom, 133. - When you are a conscript at the front and the other side neither takes prisoners nor accepts deserters or treats them very badly, then your options become rather limited, unless you start a military insurrection, preferably together with those on the other side, who are in a similar position. Likewise, if you are an inmate of an extermination camp, one of those forced to help in exterminating others (or getting rid of their bodies), immediately upon your arrival, then your individual options are rather limited. However, these “staff” of Sobibor, Bialistok, Treblinka and other death camps did, at last, successfully rise, i.e. some of them did manage to escape as a result of these uprisings. People like Brown are right in pointing out remaining official or underground opportunities but wrong in pretending that these would be sufficient for everyone in any position and towards any rightful aim. Insofar their statements are as absurd as the assertion: Full freedom does already exist now, for anyone, anywhere. He has only to practice it. - JZ 25.1.93, 25.9.02.

ALTERNATIVES: If there is no wind, row.” – Chinese Proverb - THERE IS ALMOST ALWAYS A RIGHTFUL ALTERNATIVE. – JZ, n.d.

ALTERNATIVES: If you feel you’re exploited, it’s probably because you feel trapped in a situation to which there are no alternatives. But there are always alternatives.” - Harry Browne, How I Found Freedom, p.270. - Under territorialism, which suppresses exterritorial alternatives, those alternatives, which Brown means, do often involve you in an endless race and search for mere loopholes, which is expensive, too and often rather risky. See the fate of many tax evaders and avoiders. - JZ, 25.1.93. – Mere loopholes or black markets or underground activities are not enough. – JZ, 20.1.13.

ALTERNATIVES: If you have no alternative, you don’t have freedom.” - Don Werkheiser, 18.12.90. - I have his still unfinished magnum opus on hand, mostly hand-written and thus have still to keyboard it into a computerised text. I’m hopeful that he would finally acquire a PC and that this might lead to him to still finishing it. However, my day has only 24 hours, too. As an advocate of voluntary associationism and of “mutual convenience-relationships”, as opposed to “single convenience relationships”, he has re-thought political, economic and social relationships as much if not more so than most other “panarchistic” thinkers have done. - JZ, 1/93. - Alas, he died in the meantime and his heir is only contemplating the publication of his magnum opus and, probably, not on an affordable alternative medium. - JZ, 25.9.02. – All too limited alternatives are not sufficient rights and liberties either, but at least a start. – JZ, 20.1.13.

ALTERNATIVES: Let every person have the alternatives he prefers - at his expense and risk. - JZ, 4.10.74.

ALTERNATIVES: Maximise the alternative forms in which a user might receive a service, and the alternative sources of supply.” - Don Chipp.

ALTERNATIVES: Rightness or justice demands that each human being be permitted to exercise his essential humanness by an unfettered decision between alternatives.” - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/74.

ALTERNATIVES: We don’t have to run down governments. They do that themselves. But we do have to describe the alternatives - believably. - JZ, 10/72. – That ought to be done for every sphere or present governmental activities, monopolies, compulsions and wrongful prohibitions, not just some. – JZ, 20.1.13.

ALTERNATIVES: Where there are no alternatives, no values are possible.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.929. – Except the “values” of territorialism, even if they are merely the “values” of “limited” but still territorial governments. – JZ, 20.1.13. - VALUES, CHOICE, FREEDOM, TERRITORIALISM

ALTRUISM: A cog does not think, does not argue, does not discuss. It is a cog. The last war was an incomplete victory of collective altruism over personal egoism; the next will be a complete triumph.” - B. A., in Melbourne, in RED & BLACK, 4/73. - I guess, he means WW III, when we will all die, supposedly for the benefit of everyone else. - JZ, 25.1.93. - EGOISM, SELFISHNESS, WAR, OBEDIENCE, SUBORDINATION, ORDERS, DECISION, RIGHTS, AUTHORITY, HIERARCHIES, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, DEFENCE OF TERRITORIALISM etc.

ALTRUISM: A morality that professes the belief that the values of the spirit are more precious than matter, a morality that teaches you to scorn a whore who gives her body indiscriminately to all men (JZ: Only to paying customers!) - this same morality demands that you surrender your soul to promiscuous love for all comers.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.959.

ALTRUISM: A race of altruists is necessarily a race of slaves. A race of free men is necessarily a race of egoists.” – Max Stirner, The Ego and His Own, 1845. - EGOISM

ALTRUISM: Altruism - which Rand defines as ‘the placing of others above self, of their interests above one’s own’ - is invariably in error, because it is ‘a doctrine of moral cannibalism’ which advocates voluntary self-annihilation, a deliberate courting of self-curtailment and self-diminution.” - O’Neil, Ayn Rand, p. 63. - “Altruism is fundamentally evil, because it is a perversion of man’s essential (psychological) nature as man. It is irrational and therefore doomed to failure. ‘Since there is no rational justification for the sacrifice of some men to others, there is no objective criterion by which such a sacrifice can be guided in practice.’” - O’Neill, ibid.

ALTRUISM: Altruism does not mean mere kindness or generosity, but the sacrifice of the best among men to the worst, the sacrifice of virtues to flaws, of ability to incompetence, of progress to stagnation - and the subordinating of all life and of all values to the claims of anyone’s suffering.” - Ayn Rand.

ALTRUISM: Altruism is not worth a cent more than selfishness. Nay, it can even become more destructive. It purchases the profit of those which practice it at the expense of many others. It is hardly possible to benefit someone without strengthening the selfishness of the beneficiary.” - Keyserling, Reisetagebuch eines Philosophen, 3, Indien, Benares.

ALTRUISM: Altruism is the morality of those who want to live off others’ efforts.” - Tibor R. Machan, in REASON, 12/74. – Team-spirit and voluntary cooperation are often also successful competitive practices! Altruism and egoism do not have to be absolute opposites. – That is shown on the smallest scale by nuclear families standing together and for each other, when they are all endangered. – Hens defending their offspring are more likely to have any. - JZ, 4.11.08.

ALTRUISM: Altruism is the self-contradictory bias of valuing the self of others more than the own self. - J.Z, 24.10.92. – It may also be the love of lovers of the love of parents for their children. – JZ, 20.1.13.

ALTRUISM: As Ayn Rand illustrated, the agent of such rot is the philosophical one of altruism - a concept which, by strict definition, is NOT synonymous with benevolence, but is rather, the idea that man is [not?] entitled to a better status than that of a dutiful pawn bending to the needs and demands of others.” - Ernie Ross Comment, 1976.

ALTRUISM: Being generous is inborn; being altruistic is a  learned perversity. No resemblance.” - Robert Heinlein, The Notebooks of Lazarus Long.

ALTRUISM: Capitalism was destroyed by the morality of altruism.” – Ayn Rand, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 23.3.76.

ALTRUISM: Concern for the common good consumes, it does not produce.” - Georg Kaiser. ( “Gemeinsinn verbraucht - Gemeinsinn erzeugt nicht.”) – - SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SELF-INTEREST

ALTRUISM: Disregarding one’s own cause.“ - Eugene E. Brussell.

ALTRUISM: excessive concern for others robs them of the vital need for self-development and may harm rather than help them.” - Charles R. Wiles, HAIL, 1:5:1, May 67.

ALTRUISM: Freedom benefits others. Freedom is in their interest.” - Michael Cloud, Secrets of Libertarian Persuasion, The Advocates for Self-Government, 2004, - p.106.

ALTRUISM: He that lives not somewhat to others, liveth little to himself.” - Montaigne, Essays, Bk. iii, ch. 10. - “No man is born unto himself alone; - Who lives unto himself, he lives to none.” - Francis Quarles, Esthere. Sec. i, med. 1. - ALONE, EGOISM

ALTRUISM: Human mental prowess and communicative powers have merely provided superb elaboration on nature’s old theme of fraud, and added its own distinctive feature: self-delusion. Primitive animal hierarchies are based on bluff and bluster, and each member is well aware of and accepts, at least temporarily, its position in the hierarchy. The same wild enthusiasm and fascination for dominance and submission rages in human hearts. However, fraud is taken one step further. Not only is fraudulent bluff and bluster used to achieve dominance but fraudulent altruism and collective institutions are used to conceal dominance once achieved. Human hierarchies, in contrast to the animal variety, are best sustained when the members are deluded regarding the oppressive nature, or better, even the very existence of the hierarchy!” - Peter McAlpine, The Occult Technology of Power. - HIERARCHIES, DOMINATION, PUBLIC GOOD, WELFARE STATE, BUREAUCRACY, NATIONALISM, SACRIFICES. (Underlinings by me. - JZ)

ALTRUISM: Hume clearly saw that ‘so noble an affection (as generosity) instead of fitting men for large societies, is almost as contrary to them, as the most narrow selfishness.” - David Hume, 1739/1886: II, 270.

ALTRUISM: I, who do not accept the unearned (*), neither in values nor in guilt, am here to ask the questions you evaded. Why is it moral to serve the happiness of others, but not your own? If enjoyment is a value, why is it moral when experienced by others, but immoral when experienced by you? If the sensation of eating a cake is a value, why is it an immoral indulgence in your stomach, but a moral goal for you to achieve in the stomach of others? Why is it immoral for you to desire, but moral for others to do so? Why is it immoral to produce a value and keep it, but moral to give it away? And if it is not moral for you to keep a value, why is it moral for others to accept it? If you are selfless and virtuous when you give it, are they not selfish and vicious when they take it? Does virtue consist of serving vice? Is the moral purpose of those who are good, self-immolation for the sake of those who are evil?” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.957. - (*) Almost all accept whatever benefits civilisation has so far provided! JZ

ALTRUISM: I’m a liberal, I mean, one so altruistically moral - I never take my own side in a quarrel.” - Robert Frost. – MODERN LIBERALISM, JOKES

ALTRUISM: If tempted by something that feels ‘altruistic’, examine your motives and root out that self-deception. Then, if you still want to do it, wallow in it!” - Robert Heinlein, Time Enough for Love, p.248. - “Beware of altruism. It is based on self-deception, the root of all evil.” - R. H., ibid.

ALTRUISM: If we were sent here to look after the others - what the hell were the others sent here for? - From film “Connie”, 3.5.88. – Q., JOKES

ALTRUISM: In the sense of inculcating conduct that benefits others, all systems of morality of course commend altruistic action; but the question is how to accomplish this. Good intentions do not suffice - we all know what road they pave. Guidance strictly by perceivable favourable effects on particular other persons is insufficient for, and even irreconcilable with, the extended order. The morals of the market do lead us to benefit others, not by our intending to do so, but by making us act in a manner which, nonetheless, will have just that effect. The extended order circumvents individual ignorance (and thus also adapts us to the unknown, as discussed above) in a way that good intentions alone cannot do - and thereby does make our efforts altruistic in their effects. - In an order taking advantage of the higher productivity of extensive division of labour, the individual can no longer know whose needs his efforts do or ought to serve, or what will be the effects of his actions on those unknown persons who consume his products or products to which he has contributed. Directing his productive efforts altruistically thus becomes literally impossible for him. Insofar as we can still call his motives altruistic in that they eventually rebound to the benefit of others, they will do this not because he aims at or intends to serve the concrete needs of others, but because he observes abstract rules. Our ‘altruism’, in this new sense, is very different from instinctual altruism. No longer the end pursued but the rules observed make the action good or bad. Observing these rules, while bending most of our efforts towards earning a living, enables us to confer benefits beyond the range of our concrete knowledge (yet at the same time hardly prevents us from using whatever extra we earn also to gratify our instinctive longing to do visible good). All this is obscured by the systematic abuse of the term ‘altruistic’ by sociobiologists.” - Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.81. - A book full of deep thoughts which, unfortunately, are often also still very long ones. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ALTRUISM: Inverted egoism.” - Jacob Cohen.

ALTRUISM: Many people believe that altruism means kindness, benevolence, or respect for the rights of others. But it means the exact opposite (*): it teaches self-sacrifice, as well as the sacrifice of others, to any unspecified “public need”; it regards man as a sacrificial animal.” - Ayn Rand, The Man-Haters, LA TIMES, September 30, 1962, in: “The Ayn Rand Column”, revised edition, 1998, p 47, Second Renaissance Books, New Milford, Connecticut, - - (*) In all cases? - JZ, 24.1.02. - KINDNESS, RESPECT, BENEVOLENCE, RIGHTS, SELF-SACRIFICE, SACRIFICIAL ANIMALS, MAN

ALTRUISM: Men proclaim their altruism to others and even themselves while they selfishly scramble for personal advantage.” - Peter McAlpine, The Occult Technology of Power.

ALTRUISM: Neglect of self in favour of the self of others. - JZ, 3.2.78.

ALTRUISM: nothing is so soon corrupted by power-seeking as altruism.” - Ursula Le Guin, The Day before the Revolution, in: The Wind’s Twelve Quarters, p.131.

ALTRUISM: Now, the proper person to look after you, is you. It may be psychologically gratifying to feed others, but you can’t survive on that. You have to have your own food. You have to begin by being selfish. By wanting things for yourself. It is splendid if you to want to help another girl have a skirt. But you can’t prevent your own nudity that way. You must first clothe yourself. You must first provide your own shelter, your own comforts. AFTER THAT, it is very rewarding to help others.” - LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, 32.

ALTRUISM: Objectivism’ ... maintains that altruism is the essential seed of tyranny and collectivism.” - Libertarian Yearbook 1973. – Is every family and friendship groups a tyranny? But if we assume that a whole territorial State can be conducted like a family or friendship group then, indeed, the seed for a territorial tyranny is laid. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALTRUISM: Once most of the productive activities of members of a cooperating group transcend the range of the individual’s perception, the old impulse to follow inborn altruistic instincts actually hinders the formation of more extensive orders.” – F. A. Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, 81. - One would e.g. help starving children anywhere best by removing e.g. minimum wage laws, laws against child labour, laws on adoption, laws against free trading, laws against free migration, laws against free banking and against freedom for foreign investments, laws that impose taxes and regulations upon employment. Thus while I would try to feed a starving child, which I actually encountered, I would not try to help directly or indirectly merely feed millions of starving children in the world, while leaving the conditions, which lead to their starvation, untouched, unexamined and thus unchanged. Since I cannot change them myself, single-handedly, I can at least try to point out which ones ought to be changed, why and how this could be done. Then, if “concerned” people become enough “concerned” about such information, the starving of further millions could soon be brought to an end and prevented for the future. – JZ, n.d. – STARVATION, HUNGER, CHILDREN, POVERTY, REMOVING CAUSES RATHER THAN TREATING SYMPTOMS

ALTRUISM: One of the most effective ways of being greedy is to induce excessive altruism in others.” - Conrad Hopman, to Paul Hague, 1987.

ALTRUISM: only ... altruists value the truly worthless!” - OUTLOOK, Dec. 72.

ALTRUISM: People can preach altruism but they cannot live it. Nor should they, for the genuine altruist voluntarily enslaves himself to the needs and desires of every other person. The genuine altruist - if there could really be such a thing - is not a man but a doormat.” - The Incredible Bread Machine, p.132.

ALTRUISM: People who want nothing themselves for their services do worry me. Their price is not right. – If they do not value them, why should I? - JZ, 21.11.82. – DO-GOODERS. WELFARE STATE, EGOISM, SELFISHNESS, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

ALTRUISM: Playboy: And how would you define altruism? Rand: It is a moral system which holds that man has no right to exist for his own sake, that service to others is the sole justification of his existence, and that self-sacrifice is the highest moral duty, value and virtue. This is the moral basis of collectivism, of all dictatorships. In order to seek freedom and capitalism, men need a non-mystical, non-altruistic, rational code of ethics - morality which holds that man is not a sacrificial animal, that he has the right to exist for his own sake, neither sacrificing himself to others, nor others to himself. In other words, what is desperately needed today is the ethics of Objectivism.” - Ayn Rand in PLAYBOY interview. - MORALITY, SELF-SACRIFICE & OBJECTIVISM

ALTRUISM: pure altruism is a perversion.” - Greg Bear, Slant, p.456.

ALTRUISM: Render unto all men their due, but remember thou art also a man.” - M. F. Tupper, Proverbial Philosophy: Of Humility. - CHARITY, PHILANTHROPY, EGOISM, SELFISHNESS.

ALTRUISM: Such is the secret core of your creed, the other half of your double standard: it is immoral to live by your own effort, but moral to live by the effort of others - it is immoral to consume your own product, but moral to consume the products of others - it is immoral to earn, but moral to mooch - it is the parasites who are the moral justification for the existence of the producers, but the existence of the parasites is an end in itself - it is evil to profit by achievement, but good to profit by sacrifice - it is evil to create your on happiness, but good to enjoy it at the price of the blood of others.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.957.

ALTRUISM: that to live solely for ‘others’ is not only an impracticability but an insult to the average human being’s need and capacity for self-reliance.” - John Chamberlain, introducing W. F. Buckley, Jr.: God & Man at Yale, LIII.

ALTRUISM: The art of doing unselfish things for selfish reasons.” - Author unidentified.

ALTRUISM: the cynicism that comes from having tried to live by an impossible moral code. - For that is what altruism is. The view doesn’t just claim that there is virtue in kindness and generosity but that charity is the first virtue we must practice. But that is absurd. For it this were true, not even those being helped could accept the help. Mankind would have to be a never-ending daisy chain of self-sacrifice. No one would be aided if altruism were true and consistently implemented. It is not even an impossible ideal but an impossible nightmare. - The truth is that human beings need a morality that can make living both good and possible. This morality would involve a substantial dose of self-interest. But the self-interest would differ from that which many take it to be - sheer callousness, selfishness emphasising thrills and quick pleasures. Yet pleasures and well-being would be part of this morality. Indeed, we should seek these, in moderation. - Most important for human life, however, would turn out to be the pursuit of happiness. This would come by pursuing those goals that are proper...” - Tibor Machan, Liberty and Culture, p.214.

ALTRUISM: The literal philosophical meaning of altruism is: PLACING OTHERS ABOVE SELF. As an ethical principle, altruism holds that man must make the welfare of others his primary concern and must place their interests above his own; it holds that man has no right to exist for his own sake, that service to others is the moral justification of his existence, that self-sacrifice is his foremost duty and highest virtue.” – Nathaniel Branden, Benevolence vs. Altruism, in Mrs. Young’s manuscript on Ayn Rand, appendix.

ALTRUISM: The majority of people spoil their lives by an unhealthy and exaggerated altruism - are forced, indeed, to so spoil them. They find themselves surrounded by hideous poverty, by hideous ugliness, by hideous starvation. ... It is inevitable that they should be strongly moved by all this. The emotions of a man are stirred more quickly than man’s intelligences... it is much more easy to have sympathy with suffering than it is to have sympathy with thought. Accordingly, with admirable, though misdirected intentions, they very seriously and very sentimentally set themselves to the task of remedying the evils that they see. But their remedies do not cure the disease. They merely prolong it. Indeed, their remedies are part of the disease.” - Oscar Wilde, The Soul of Man under Socialism.

ALTRUISM: The mystique of enforced altruism now engulfs the world.” - Robert LeFevre, Autarchy, RAMPART JOURNAL, Sum. 66.

ALTRUISM: The natural virtue of caring for others.” - J. C. Lester. - This natural virtue naturally overlooks that one can care well for others only after one has well enough cared for oneself to have a surplus of energies and resources for others. - And those who “care” by means of taxation, conscription and monopolies and other wrongs, do scare and rob me. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ALTRUISM: the second traditional ‘good instinct’, which still governs our emotions, but which had to cease to be obligatory to make the great society possible: the principle of ‘altruism’. This is a little more difficult to discuss because the concept itself is so ambiguous and obscure. But there are one or two things which can briefly be made clear: altruism can extend only to the known needs of known other people; it cannot lead to the growth of a society which depends on our serving the needs of people of whose very existence we have no idea. - The duty of altruism is one of choosing between the magnitude of known needs of known other people and the urgency of our own needs. But when it comes to serving the needs of people of whose very existence we do not know, altruism cannot guide us. Altruism, in the sense that we must serve the needs of our known neighbour before we pursue the profit from dealing with strangers, would have made impossible the extension of society beyond the small group.” - Hayek, in pp 30/31 of “Knowledge, Evolution and Society”. - Foreign Aid charities now try to make us familiar with the needs of poor people all over the world and try to pressure us into helping them from the few surpluses which we might still be able to accumulate under our all too restricted liberties, rather than seeking out and explaining to them and us those economic and other liberties that would soon lead them to prosperity as well as us. I feel I am very charitable to all able and willing to see the benefits offered, when I subsidise the production of my PEACE PLANS series, while there is so little demand for the enlightenment it offers, so that the few orders received do not cover, so far, the past and the expansion costs. Especially the people in underdeveloped countries should resort to micro-fiched information and to fiching it for themselves. It is an intermediate technology they could afford. In it there is even offered a special library on intermediate technology. A library on all intermediate steps towards full liberty is, alas, not  yet compiled and microfilmed. - JZ, 25.1.93. - The same could be said for floppy disks and CD-ROMs. In underdeveloped countries they may not be affordable for individuals - but they would often be for groups of them and they could serve such groups well. - There were times in England when a number of workers had to combine to enable them to purchase a single book. - JZ, 25.9.02.

ALTRUISM: The ultimate altruism is letting others take care of others.” - READERS DIGEST, 1/84, under “Word Play”. - The observer would be altruistic to that extent. But even the rational egoist should be tolerant towards the voluntary charity efforts of individuals or voluntary bodies, not of the coercive “altruism” of the Welfare State, which would tax him, too. - JZ, 25.1.93. – I do mostly prefer mutual aid, insurance and credit arrangements to mere one-sided charitable actions. – JZ, 4.11.08. – FREEDOM, LIBERTY, RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

ALTRUISM: This form of submission is found in all slave moralities, but it reaches its peak ... in that form of leftist politics where you are expected to be as miserable as everyone else, and if you are not, you are by definition oppressing those more wretched than you.” - DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP 10.

ALTRUISM: Thoreau once observed that if he knew for certain a man was on his way to see him with the single purpose of trying to help him, he would run for his life.” – REGISTER, Santa Ana, California

ALTRUISM: Though up to a certain point altruistic action blesses giver and receiver, beyond that point it curses giver and receiver.” - Herbert Spencer, The Study of Sociology, ch. 8. - EGOISM, BENEVOLENCE, CHARITY

ALTRUISM: told that he isn’t permitted a good life other than by giving it up to others.” - Tibor Machan, THE MERCURY, Nov. 78.

ALTRUISM: Until this idea (selfishness) is made clearer and clearer, until it is made as prominent as its diametrically opposite idea that everyone’s business is to live for everyone else - until then, there will be very little change despite all the tax-limitation measures, restraints on spending, etc., etc., that people have cooked up in an effort to live something of a pleasant and prosperous life without challenging the view that it is wrong even to think of doing so.” - Tibor Machan, REASON, 11/78. - SELFISHNESS

ALTRUISM: We are here on earth to do good for others. What the others are here for, I don’t know.” – W. H. Auden - THE BASIC CONTRADICTION, DOING GOOD – FOR OTHERS, VS. RATIONAL & MORAL SELFISHNESS, INDIVIDUALISM, JOKES

ALTRUISM: What I find so striking about bleeding heart altruists is that they are eager to spend every last cent of someone else’s money to alleviate suffering. If it were their own property they were dispensing so generously, I wouldn’t utter a word of complaint, but it seldom is.” - Jim Stumm, THE CONNECTION 81, of 25.7.79.

ALTRUISM: When we come to consider that human beings are descended from ancestors who, over an infinitely long series of generations, owed their success in life, with the ability to leave offspring, to the fact that their self-preservative instincts were in the ascendant (JZ: Also their herd-cooperation instincts!), we may well pause at the unlikelihood of any thoroughly anti-egoistic course of conduct being able to secure the same success. Rather does it appear likely that those who have ‘conscientious scruples’ about their conduct, will have to take a back seat; while the altruists ( if there are any ) will spend their energies in making their enemies fat.” - Badcock, Slaves to Duty. – Those who often defended their tribe may have had a short life but may also have fathered many children in that short life! – Just like the chiefs of tribes often did. – JZ, 4.11.08.

ALTRUISM: where the morality of self-sacrifice reigns ... the underlying notion that you and I and every one of us exist - to be slaves to the well-being, health, safe living, and full satisfaction of others.” - Tibor Machan, REASON, 11/78. - Self-sacrifice is at least voluntary, although under often quite irrationally compulsive ideas. But what is commonly practised by governments, under all kinds of pretences, is the sacrifice of involuntary victims for the supposed or real benefit of others. A kind of “reformed” cannibalism, in other words. - JZ, 25.1.93. - CANNIBALISM, WELFARE STATE, SLAVERY, PUBLIC GOOD, COMMON GOOD

ALTRUISM: Whoever serves others, why should he be better than one who serves himself? That would only be the case when the benefit that he would give to others would be, in an absolute sense, of higher use than the benefit one could achieve for oneself. If the others are worth less, then he will act rightly, even when he serves himself at the expense of the others.” - Nietzsche, Nachlass, Unschuld des Werdens, 2, 765. - The last is a “defence” of crimes with victims, if only the victims are considered to be “inferior”. This is exactly the kind of “selfishness” which the better altruists attack. If he is really superior, then he should be able to trade with his “inferiors” in away so that both benefit from the exchange. - JZ, 25.1.93, 25.9.02.

ALTRUISM: Why is the doctrine insupportable? Altruism, Nietzsche noted, is the master-slave morality. It demands that humanity split itself into camps, one preaching and reaping the benefits of altruism, the other abiding by the doctrine and assuming the position of servitude. But even if Nietzsche’s forthright polemics are rejected, we find that on logical grounds alone altruism collapses. Why on earth should each person live for others’ sakes if, as it surely follows in this doctrine, all these others must do the same, ad infinitum? Who is the ultimate beneficiary of this kind of conduct - who deserves, finally, to be honoured with a decent life of his or her own? Some abstraction called ‘humanity’ or ‘the species’ or ‘society’ is frequently proposed, but what are all these if not the individual members they comprise? Why, then, should all the individuals be orienting their lives to serve others? Why don’t we simply encourage all people to do well in their own lives, thereby cutting out the ‘middleman’?” - Tibor Machan, Liberty & Culture, p.138/9.

ALTRUISM: Why love others and hate oneself - when others also seem to hate themselves? - JZ, 7.2.80.

ALTRUISM: your code hands out, as its version of the absolute, the following rule of moral conduct: If YOU wish it, it’s evil; if others wish it, it’s good; if the motive of your action is YOUR welfare, don’t do it; if the motive is the welfare of others, then anything goes. - As this double-jointed, double-standard morality splits you in half, so it splits mankind into two enemy camps: one is YOU, the other is all the rest of humanity. YOU are the only outcast who has no right to wish or live. YOU are the only servant, the rest are the masters, YOU are the only giver, the rest are the takers, YOU are the eternal debtor, the rest are the creditors never to be paid off. You must not question their right to your sacrifice, or the nature of their wishes and their needs: their right is conferred upon them by a negative, by the fact that they are ‘not-you’.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.956. - Another tirade. Is it really an improvement upon Bastiat’s notion of a “mutual plunderbund”, where everybody imagines he would be better off by having his hands in everybody else’s pockets rather than merely in his own? - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMATEURS: Every new field of modern science, without exception, has been founded by an amateur. No new field of human advancement is ever started by a professional.” - John W. Campbell, Jr., editor, ASTOUNDING, June 53. - Anyone founding a new science cannot, by definition, be a professional in that field. Only his followers can be professionals. - JZ, n.d. - ACADEMICS, EXPERTS, PROFESSIONALS, AUTHORITIES, LAYMEN

AMBASSADORS: An ambassador is an honest man sent to lie abroad for the good of his country.” – Henry Wotton, 1568-1639, written in the album of Christopher Fleckmore in 1602. – I suppose that territorial rulers, to stay in power, have to lie much more often than the leaders and representatives of communities of volunteers. They have to lie often to gain or maintain power in internal politics and in their external politics it is much the same. But what reasons would the representatives or leaders of panarchies have to lie about their politics and arrangements? They are part of publicly conducted experiments by volunteers, with all their details very well known to all the media of the world. – JZ, 9.9.07. - TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, POLITICAL LIES VS. POLITICAL HONESTY, SECRECY VS. OPENNESS, DIPLOMACY

AMBITION: It is (ambition) which rouses and keeps in continual motion the industry of mankind. It is this which first prompted them to cultivate the ground, to build houses, to found cities and commonwealths, and to invent and improve all the sciences and arts which ennoble and embellish human life...” - Adam Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments. - SELF-INTEREST, COMPETITION

AMERICA: America had to be the only place in the world, he thought, where poor people drove their own cars to demonstrations and the longest lines they stood in were at the supermarket checkouts.” - Tom Clancy, Clear and Present Danger, 131. - US, ANTI-AMERICANISM

AMERICA: Americans, however clumsy their approach might have been, intervened in Vietnam to promote liberty and democracy while the Soviets marched into Czechoslovakia for the opposite reason.” - M. T. Raynard, THE NEW CONSERVATIVE, Oct. 68.

AMERICA: And everyone forgets that we are the people who have given away more money than any other in the history of the world. Say we did it selfishly. All right. But who else ever has, even selfishly? - Frank Yerby, The Old Gods Laugh, p.139. – ANTI-AMERICANISM

AMERICA: I hate to see the United States spill any more blood and treasure defending the indefensible.” - Jim Downard, THE CONNECTION116, p.23. - ALLIANCES, DEFENCE, DICTATORSHIPS

AMERICA: Not a place upon earth might be so happy as America. Her situation is remote from all the wrangling world and she has nothing to do but trade with them.” - Thomas Paine – 1776, ISIL Liberty Quote Library 03. – That was a long time a go. And then it had e.g. slavery and also, already, territorialism. – JZ, 20.1.12. - FREE TRADE INSTEAD OF POLITICAL ALLIANCES

AMERICA: The home of the homeless all over the earth.” - Street. – Yes, a long time ago. – JZ, 8.2.08.

AMERICA: Where is the New America, one can flee to, from the Old from the rest of the Old Authoritarian World? - JZ, 17.6.91. - EMIGRATION, ASYLUM, REFUGEES, FREE WORLD, LIBERTY

AMERICAN CONSTITUTION: One of the peculiarities of the American Revolution was that its leaders pinned their hopes on the organization of decision-making units, the structuring of their incentives, and the counterbalancing of the units against one another, rather than on the more usual (and more exciting) principle of substituting “the good guys” for “the bad guys” - Thomas Sowell. – The attempt to elect better rulers by collectivist and territorial elections is still part of formal territorial constitutionalism. Both of his two alternatives are based on territorialism. Under individual sovereignty and individual secessionism, the good guys can separate themselves from the bad guys, the Voluntaryists from the coercers, the competitive people from the monopolists, the enlightened from the unenlightened, the informed from the ignorant, the wise from the fools etc. – JZ, 23.1.08. - AMERICAN REVOLUTION, FOUNDING FATHERS, PANARCHISM, DECISION-MAKING, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

AMERICAN DREAM: once ‘U.S.A.’ had meant ‘hope’.” - Poul Anderson, Sam Hall. – By now it is another territorial statist empire – with mass extermination devices in readiness. – JZ, 20.1.13.

AMERICAN DREAM: to every man his chance, to every man, regardless of his birth, his shining golden opportunity - to every man the right to live, to work, to be himself, and to become whatever thing his manhood and his vision can combine to make him - this, seeker, is the promise of America.” - Thomas Wolfe: You can’t Go Home Again, Harper & Bros., 1940. – However, no territorial constitution can fully realize that dream for all individuals and minorities. – JZ, 3.11.10.

AMERICAN DREAM: A few men who did look into ‘the law of liberty’ bequeathed to present-day Americans a unique heritage. They were the authors of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. In what respect were these political documents unique? First, they unseated government as the endower of men’s rights and placed the Creator in that role. Second, they more severely limited government than ever before - for the first time in history, hardly any organized coercion standing against the release of creative energy. Result? The greatest outburst of creative energy ever known, simply because the millions were free to act creatively as they pleased. Political power diminished and dispersed beyond the ready grasp of authoritarians who would run our lives. That was the American miracle!” – Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 9/76. – Slavery, taxation, the postal monopoly, the decision-making monopoly on war and peace, protectionism and territorialism were retained, e.g. at the expense of Red Indian tribes and its Human Rights amendments were very incomplete and its juries not free enough and its militia not free & autonomous but subject to the State. Secession and panarchies remained outlawed. So it developed further into another all too authoritarian State. – The American Dream, as an ideal, has still to be fully developed and then realized. - JZ, 5.11.08. - CONSTITUTION

AMERICAN DREAM: America means opportunity, freedom, power.” – Emerson – Does it really stand for power or only for self-responsibility, self-government, self-determination, individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 20.1.13.

AMERICAN DREAM: America, our great and beautiful Constitutional Republic, says you are good and free and that you belong to you. America says you seek your own happiness. America says you are responsible for yourself. America is true to truth. America is not Christianity. America is not socialism. The American Dream is freedom, the essence of Man, the aim of each human being is the same. To be what you are and to become what you choose to be. To be free to find truth and act upon that truth to create beauty. To be yourself. To create yourself. To cause yourself. To dream and to fulfil your dream. This is good. This is what is real. This is what Man is. This is the essence moving. This is the principle. This is the Purpose. This is the Destiny. America is Just. America is truth in action. America is the Beauty of truth in action. America is the Beauty created by truth inaction.” - Zarlenga, The Orator. – Orators are inclined to exaggerations. – JZ, 5.11.08. – VS. WELFARE STATISM, STATE SOCIALISM

AMERICAN DREAM: No one really defines it. Maybe MY AMERICAN DREAM is free love, gambling and getting drunk six nights a week. But the “official” American Dream is supposed to be the glorious opportunity any American has, to start out poor and ignorant and end up rich and still ignorant enough to let the government steal 70 percent of his earnings to support anyone who wants to make a buck in a soft government job or just sitting at home.” - Rick Shelley, But First A Message, 117 in ANALOG 4/85. – How many different definitions or interpretations of the “American Dream” do actually exist? – JZ, 3.11.08.

AMERICAN DREAM: The American Dream was about people, not government. It was about people who, for the first time in history, declared that they were above government. It was about individualism and the opportunity to achieve success without interference from others. Most of all, the American Dream was about freedom.” - R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.241.

AMERICAN DREAM: The American Dream was imbued with the concept of the individual: each man would reap the fruits of his own labor...” - John E. Nestler, THE FREEMAN, 10/73. – TAXATION, WELFARE STATE, WARFARE STATE

AMERICAN DREAM: The American Dream was not about government’s taking huge sums of money from citizens by force.” - R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.241. – TAXATION, AVALANCHES OF LAWS & REGULATIONS

AMERICAN DREAM: The American Dream was not about government’s using all its power and resources to meet new social problems with new social controls.” - R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.241.

AMERICAN DREAM: We must stop talking about the American Dream and start listening to the dreams of Americans.” - Reubin Askew. - Rather allow individual Americans and their volunteer groups to realize, as far as possible, and at their own expense and risk, their own dreams. That is the most important American Dream. – The hundreds of utopian colonies, intentional communities and alternative institutions and private self-help institutions that were tried out or established in the U.S.A. represent the American Dream much more than the various government levels of this republic do. - JZ, 7.1.93. – INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM.

AMERICAN REVOLUTION: An elective despotism was not the government we fought for.” – Thomas Jefferson. - Americans had less good reasons to complain before this revolution than they have now. The incomplete and flawed rights amendments were afterthoughts, not the original demands. - If a better declaration of rights had been advanced by these Revolutionaries, right at the beginning, most of the soldiers and mercenaries sent against them would, probably, have joined them. In reports of German soldiers sold by their rulers to the English government, as if they were slaves, to fight against this revolution, one can find out that these Germans thought that Americans had it already so good, that they could not have a good cause for their rebellion! - Thus, at least initially, these German soldiers were opposed to these revolutionaries, not only under orders but by conviction. - Later, appreciating American liberties & opportunities, many of them defected, which was the right thing to do. - JZ 24. 11. 06.

AMERICAN REVOLUTION: The American Revolution was a beginning, not a consummation.” - Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States (1856-1924).

AMERICAN REVOLUTION: The colonies would have gladly born a little tax on tea, and other matters, had it not been that the Bank of England took away from the colonies their money, which created unemployment and dissatisfaction.” - Benjamin Franklin. – The money which England tried to suppress was largely legal tender State paper money, or forced and exclusive currency, i.e., the money of monetary despotism, not the monies of monetary freedom. The American Revolution was also financed, badly, with such forced and exclusive currency rather than with sound tax foundation money and private money issues. Thereby is was prolonged and much more bloody that it need have been. B. F. was not an advocate of monetary freedom. – JZ, 4.1.08. -

AMERICANISM: A true recognition of man’s individual rights is the surest guaranty against statist abuses. in this sense, ‘the most profoundly revolutionary achievement of the U.S.A. was the subordination of society to moral law.’ (Ayn Rand) The United States was the first moral society in history.” - W. F. O’Neill, Ayn Rand’s Philosophy, p. 46.

AMERICANISM: According to one story, Bismarck once asked Carl Schurz how Americans had become so self-reliant. Carl Schurz said: “We don’t put a policeman or a sign in front of every puddle, warning people not to step or fall in.” – SELF-RELIANCE

AMERICANISM: America does not go abroad in search of monsters to destroy. She is the well-wisher to the freedom and independence of all. She well knows that by enlisting under other banners than her own, were they even the banners of foreign independence, she would involve herself beyond the power of extrication in all the wars of interest and intrigue, of individual avarice, envy and ambition, which assume the colors and usurp the standards of freedom.” – John Quincy Adams (1821) - As a territorial State the USA, too, got involved with numerous wars, on the American continent as well as in the rest of the world. Under panarchism only some of its voluntary communities would have become so involved, and this only with the objective of spreading panarchism and thus largely abolishing despotisms and wars. - JZ, 22. 11. 06. - TERRITORIALISM

AMERICANISM: America plans to ‘buy’ the world; the communists plan to own it.” - Tom Anderson. - I would rather replace the last 2 words by: “conquer it.” - JZ

AMERICANISM: And though this government did from time to time manage to circumvent some of these limitations, it was, on the whole, kept in leash during most of the 19th century. There was freedom and men thrived. Security of property released an inordinate amount of energy for the improvement of their horizons...” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.153.

AMERICANISM: Beginning roughly 150 years ago, people the world over observed in America something most unusual. For the first time in history, every individual, regardless of station or status, was his own man. (One exception, of course, was Negro slavery, a horrible infraction of the freedom philosophy. The American Indian fared no better.) Each could employ himself as he saw fit, each retain the fruits of his own labour, each decided his form of worship; in a word, freedom of choice in all aspects of life was open to one as to another. Foreigners heard of an explosive creativity and an unprecedented prosperity - a new world in which the lowliest labourer might rise to an affluence - greater than that of lords and dukes! - The upshot? There began the greatest migration to a single country every known.” - Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.12/13. - Ca. 50 million voted with their feet. The USA did no offer all human rights and liberties to all – but more than the other States did. – JZ, 5.11.08.

AMERICANISM: But this country, from the very beginning, established a (*) community upon a social faith... a belief in Liberty and Equality. In every crisis of our history, it has been that faith which has sustained us. (**) ... And this fact is the miracle of America. (***) For whereas all other great countries can recognize their citizens by language and physiognomy, we recognize an American by the way he thinks, and by the behaviour based upon that thought. (****) - Dorothy Thompson, The Pocket Book of America, VII. - - (*) Alas, only one territorial one - however subdivided by States and Local Governments. - - (**) The incompleteness or inconsistency of this faith has caused most crises in the first place. - - (***) The results of freedom are not miraculous. It is rather miraculous that they could be overlooked for such a long time. - - (****) There is far less unanimity in America than one could presume after that remark. I find Americanism rather characterised by quite different beliefs that are not only freely held and expressed but may also already, or still, be acted upon, among like-minded people. To each his own America and Americanism, with all the variations he desires - at his own expense and risk! Territorial governments, there as elsewhere, have only obstructed that ideal. See under Panarchism. - JZ, 25.1.93. - In my first and only visit to the U.S. so far, in 90/91, I noticed 4 concrete liberties: Rustbucket cars were not legislated off the roads. Private postal boxes existed in many shops, supplementing those of the monopolistic P.O. and many photocopy shops were open 24 hours a day. Also: small and operating oil extracting pumps dotted the landscape within and around L.A., in tiny and neat enclosures, with green paddocks around them. Quite different from the disaster area images the anti-technology people like to spread. - JZ

AMERICANISM: Constitutionalism - Capitalism - Individualism is Americanism! - Prof. Galambos. – Each form of constitutionalism, capitalism, socialism, individualism should be optional for individuals and societies etc. of volunteers. Alas, Americanism was never as fully developed and realized as yet. – JZ, 20.1.13.

AMERICANISM: Eight words summarize the American philosophy of life: Live and let live; Let’s make a deal. Eight words summarize American foreign policy: We’re better than you; Do it our way.” – Gary North - This wrongful and imperialistic external policy has also, to a large extent, been applied internally, by the Federal Government more and more expanding its power, supported by the federal tax and budget system and, naturally by all the territorial powers granted to it, including the authority to deny and suppress both, geographical and individual secessionism. Panarchists would apply the 8 words of genuine, because voluntary Americanism, with its thousands of voluntary self-help groups, to external policies as well, recognizing the right of all groups of volunteers to rule themselves, exterritorially quote autonomous, in accordance with their own beliefs and convictions. If that were consistently applied, American foreign policy would become easy, cheap, quite clear and consistent and bloodshed & destruction around the world would be greatly reduced. - JZ, 26. 11. 06, 20.1.13. – INTERNAL & FOREIGN POLICY OF THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT, CENTRALIZATION, TERRITORIALISM & PANARCHISM

AMERICANISM: Energy, ideas and freedom of action have made America the richest nation in the world.” - Earl Prevette, How to Turn your Ability into Cash. – What would it be like now, if freedom of action had been fully realized there – for the last 2 centuries? – JZ, 20.1.13.

AMERICANISM: Except for the United States, other governments in other countries and throughout the ages, were formed either on the rights of Gods, Pharaohs, Kings, majorities, minorities, the aristocracy, the proletariat, the poor, the rich or what-have-you. America was the only country that was formed in principle ( if not consistently in practice ) on the rights of the individual. - Unfortunately, we have moved away from freedom and individualism. The name of the game today is: coercion and collectivism ...” - Eugene Guccione, Sept. 76, National Press Club, Canberra.

AMERICANISM: For example, the non-whites in North-Carolina alone own more automobiles than all the people in Russia...” - Leonard E. Read: The Love of Liberty, p. 90. - When I left Germany, back in 1959, the average German had less of a chance to go to college than the average Negro had then in the U.S.A. - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: How have Americans been using their energies for a hundred years? What is the meaning of this Republic in history, but an unprecedented fury of human energy, attacking the non-human world, and making this earth more habitable for human beings? - Swiftly, in 70 years, Americans have built defences against darkness - from pine-knots and candles to kerosene lamps, gas jets, electric bulbs, neon lights, fluorescent tubes. In my lifetime, Americans have created astounding defences against weather - from fireplace and stove to furnaces, radiators, automatic oil-burners, insulation, air-conditioning. - Americans made the stupendous attack on Space: steamboats, railroads, subways, automobiles, planes, stratosphere flying, inter-planetary rockets. And on Time: telegraph, trans-oceanic cables, telephones, radio, television. - In less than one century, human energy - only in these States and on the western rim of Europe - has made such a terrific attack on the enemies of human life that it has created the whole modern world.” - Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, VIII.

AMERICANISM: I can now comprehend the fact that there is no possibility of freedom in this Country. It’s too late. Call me a bad American, but I am ashamed and hang my head low when I think of what America has become. … The experiment is over, freedom lost, tyranny won.” – Mike Wasdin, 9.7.04. - Only the American territorial local government, State and federation models have failed and its governmental bill of rights and all too statist constitution. From an all-over view of all the possibilities of liberty and rights, the American Revolution has barely begun! Its revolutionaries haven’t taken their revolution, their ideas, principles, opinions and institutions seriously enough - to quite critically examine them, and then change them or abolish or supplement them, as required. And in this there should have been no monopoly for anyone. All kinds of voluntary groups should have been free to complete the revolution as they saw fit, for themselves and should be free to do so now. That kind of revolution was never even attempted in the U.S. never even seriously and publicly discussed! - Worshipping, instead, the original constitution and its founding fathers is not a good enough substitute. Even that constitution is only good enough for volunteers! - JZ, 26.11.06, 20.1.13. - AMERICAN REVOLUTION, AMERICAN LIBERTY

AMERICANISM: I care not who or where he is or about his creed, colour, race, nationality; he has as much right to be his creative self as any person who lives. Thomas Wolfe expressed this right-of-man concept in attractive prose: ‘... to every man his chance - to every man, regardless of his birth, his shining, golden opportunity - to every man his right to live, to work, to be himself, and to become whatever thing his manhood and his vision can combine to make him – this ... is the promise of America.’” – Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p 39/40. – To achieve this, its remaining territorialism ought to be ended. – JZ, 3.11.10.

AMERICANISM: I sought for the greatness and genius of America in fertile fields and boundless forests; it was not there. I sought for it in her free schools and her institutions of learning; it was not there. I sought for it in her matchless Constitution and democratic congress; it was not there. Not until I went to the churches of America and found them aflame with righteousness, did I understand the greatness and genius of America. America is great because America is good. When America ceases to be good, America will cease to be great.” - Read, The Coming Aristocracy, p.79, with a quote ascribed to A. Tocqueville, but which he could not place, either. - The Estonian constitution, before WW II, was supposedly the best in the world with regard to minority rights, according to a research done by friends of Ulrich von Beckerath. I have not seen a copy or translation of it, as yet. Perhaps it is forgotten even there, since by now the Russians who settled there, have become a disadvantaged minority, with no exterritorial autonomy being offered to them - as far as press reports go. - I found the “righteousness” among the faithful to be rather confused, confusing and all too incomplete. - Many liberties and rights, taken for granted, even before the U.S. were established, and their corresponding institutions and opportunities, which, in parts, persisted for a long time, have probably contributed more to what may be ascribed a pro-freedom and justice character of original Americans who had immigrated from Europe, as well as that of the earlier immigrants, than their various religious faiths and cults. Like the Reformation in Europe, religious liberty at best provided only a model for other liberties and freedom institutions. - I suspect also that there was, an early and relative abundance of pro-freedom and pro-natural rights writings, most of them long out of print, but relatively wide-spread and read by the early Americans. The American literature to 1820 is supposed to be fully available in microprint and on microfilm. So far I have not seen a listing of these offers. This body of literature has as much formed “the American mind” in the best sense, as the statist literature of our times, in its abundance and spread, has formed what is now the all too mixed-up and contradictory “American Mind” or mindlessness, which has come all too far away from the better visions of the American Dream. - JZ, 23.1.93.

AMERICANISM: I’m proud to be an American, but ashamed of U.S. governments.” - Stormy Mon, Imagine Freedom, No. 10. p. 102. - Being proud means having had something to do with the establishment of American liberties. Being ashamed would mean that one would be responsible for the actions of the U.S. Government. Stormy Mon, to my knowledge, has only attempted to preserve and extend the remaining liberties. - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: In a word, the whole force of public opinion in America is directed to teaching its people how to push. Our public opinion, on the contrary, seems to be concerned with teaching our people how to lean.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, p.207. – By now it is just another “Welfare State” and also a “Warfare State”. – JZ, 5.11.08.

AMERICANISM: In frontier America ... the lovers of life had the land largely to themselves. - As persons who valued their own lives, they realized that to violate the life of another ( JZ: except red and black and yellow skinned people! ) would give to that other a licence to respond in kind. Thus a new ethic arose among the pioneers - the ethic not of force and fraud, but of trade.” - PHILOLOGOS, Oct. 76. - A semi-blind ethics! - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: Individual initiative! Capitalism! Personal freedom! Private property! Individual responsibility! The free market! These were the principles and practices Tocqueville saw in America. He further describes the superiority of individual endeavour as opposed to governmental action: ‘When a private individual meditates an undertaking, however directly connected it may be with the welfare of society, he never thinks of soliciting the co-operation of the government; but he publishes his plan, offers to execute it, courts the assistance of other individuals, and struggles manfully against all obstacles. Undoubtedly, he is often less successful than the state might have been in his position; but in the end, the sum of these private undertakings far exceeds all that the government could have done.’” - R. G. Bearce, in THE FREEMAN, 1/76, quoting Tocqueville: Democracy in America, p. 70.

AMERICANISM: Is America basically a Christian country? - No. It’s basically a country for religious liberty and freedom of action. That Christian churches and sects are most numerous among the faithful there, does not change that basic nature. If the majority were followers of Muhammad or Buddha instead, it would still be basically a country of religious liberty, even for atheists, agnostics, rationalists and humanists. - JZ, 5.5.91.,25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: It is not American for government to hold people down, not to hold people up, not to hold people.” - J. Kesner Kahn, quoted in: NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, 9/84. - I would cut out the second and third “not”. – JZ.

AMERICANISM: Libertarians tend to fall into two opposing errors on the American past: the familiar ‘Golden Age’ view of the right-wing that everything was blissful in America until some moment of precipitous decline (often dated 1933); and the deeply pessimistic minority view that rejects the American past root and branch, spurning all American institutions and virtually all of its thinkers except such late nineteenth-century individualist anarchists as Benjamin R. Tucker and Lysander Spooner. The truth is somewhere in between: America was never the golden ‘land of the free’ of the conservative-libertarian legend, and yet it managed for a very long time to be freer, in institutions and in intellectual climate, than any other land. - Colonial America did not set out deliberately to be the land of the free. On the contrary, it began in a tangle of tyranny, special privilege, and vast land monopoly. Territories were carved out either as colonies subject directly to the English Crown, or as enormous land grabs for privileged companies or feudal proprietors. What defeated these despotic and feudal thrusts into the new territory was, at bottom, rather simple: the vastness of the fertile and uninhabited land (Not quite uninhabited! - JZ) that lay waiting to be settled. Not only relative freedom, but even outright anarchist institutions grew up early in the interstices between the organized, despotic English colonies.” - Murray N. Rothbard, Individualist Anarchism in the U.S.: Origins, LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, Winter 70, p. 14.

AMERICANISM: Limitless in Application. This American individualism is neither selfishly personal nor narrowly nationalistic. As a matter of fact, Americanism goes Internationalism one better. Americanism seeks not merely a community of nations but a world wide community of men whose God-given unalienable rights and whose intrinsically worthwhile human personalities are respected and protected by all of the institutions of this earth, but particularly by governments and states. (*) Moreover, Americanism is ready with acceptable proofs to show that its grand ideal is no wild, impractical hallucination. To the Communists, who charge that this doctrine produces merely ‘pie in the sky’, Americanism answers that in its short, active life to date, it has exalted the spirits of hundreds of millions of men, who all the while were better housed, better fed, better clothed (**) and better paid (***) than men have ever been before in the long history of the world.” - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.57. – (*) As if territorial governments and states could do this! – (**) Rather: who housed, fed and clothed themselves better! – (***) The means of payment, governmental legal tender paper money, has for all too long been the same as that demanded and practised by totalitarian communists. – JZ

AMERICANISM: New Type: The U.S. should recognize, sponsor and, as far as possible, organise the recognition and protection of all secessionists in the world, especially, to promote peace, freedom and wealth, the secession of individuals and minority groups and their freedom to re-organise voluntarily, under exterritorial autonomy, in every country (except on the private property of others) and world-wide. By recognising the right to secede from itself, and this being widely used by dissenters, it could lay all charges of a new imperialism to rest. Whatever would then persist of Americanism, would tend to be the best and anyhow, all of it would be adopted only by volunteers and at their risk and expense. No good and just government should fear such a competition but should consider it, like a continuous election or referendum, as a continuous proof for its mandate and the satisfactions it provides for its voluntary members. - JZ, 27.10.83, 25.1.93. – IMPERIALISM, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM AMERICANISM, PANARCHISM, MAKING MISTAKES & LEARNING FROM THEM, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE

AMERICANISM: Nothing more clearly illustrates the diametric opposition of Communism to Americanism than this apparent similarity of their ultimate ends. ‘Communism would establish a peaceful classless society of proletarians by killing off all enemy classes. Americanism dissolves class conflicts by indoctrinating each man and thereby diffusing through all men the true concept of human brotherhood.’ - Communism sees human life as a battlefield of irreconcilable ‘group’ interests. Americanism proclaims that human life is a common ground upon which the moral claims and duties of each man are to be reconciled with the reciprocal claims and duties of every other man. Communism is a philosophy of Hate. Americanism is a basic lesson in love. One is a blueprint for peace through violence; the other is a formula for individual freedom in the exercise of peaceful and mutual self-restraint.” - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.54.

AMERICANISM: Oscar and Mary Handlin thus define the ‘free American’ as the man who wants ‘to expand his capacity for action by increasing the number of choices available to him.’” - B. R. Barber, Superman and Common Man, on page 74, quoting authors of The Dimensions of Liberty, p. 157. - Judging by the tiny number of orders for my On Panarchy fiche, there are hardly any such Americans left! - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: Paradoxically, the United States is one of the least racist countries in the world today.” - Jean-Francois Revel, Without Marx or Jesus. - Why paradoxical? Because many leftists accused it of racism, while remaining indifferent to much worse racism elsewhere! - JZ

AMERICANISM: Regardless of the beauty of its shape and design, an empty glass offers no consolation to a desperate thirsty man. In like manner, the American form of government, when emptied of its substantial element of personal rights and personal justice, is stripped of every logical excuse for its continued existence.” - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.39. - Let it continue for its remaining voluntary members, no matter how ignorant, prejudiced and foolish they may be. But let all others opt out to realize their ideals of Americanism - or other isms, among themselves. - In the following quote he is, alas, back in the world of mere “floating abstractions” rather than practical blueprints and options. - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: Summarily stated, the ideas of the Americans were these: an original, pre-political state of nature, in which men are free and equal; a contractual procedure by which the free and equal individuals establish government for their joint and several welfare; a body of rights in every individual secure under all circumstances from denial by the government; the indefeasible sovereignty of the people, expressed ultimately in the right of revolution; the restriction of all governmental organs by reciprocal checks and balances and by the careful prescriptions of a written constitution.” - W. A. Dunning, Political Theories, From Rousseau to Spencer, p.92. - Here he overlooks at least the militia, the traditional jury system and what some Americans considered the “right of banking”. - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: The American family has more material things than has the Chinese or Indian or Russian family because the American worker produces more.” - Curtiss, The Tariff Idea, p.20.

AMERICANISM: the enemies of the American Revolution have known that this is World Revolution. Until fifty years ago, every American school child knew that this Republic is a revolution against the whole world, and that its first enemies are the European despots. Every Fourth of July speaker until 1888 said so.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.255. - The essence of the American freedom ideal was not so much a collectivist revolution for the whole world but the chance for the individual to become fully free, no matter what all the other individuals would go on preferring for themselves. Individual sovereignty, rights and liberty ideas, lead ultimately to individualized revolutions and revolutions, non-violent and tolerant - for minorities of volunteers only. While this would, indeed, in the medium and long term, revolutionise most of the world, not a single peaceful dissenter would have to accept any part of this revolution for himself. That would, perhaps, be the other side of the coin or its most revolutionary feature: the one-man revolution. - Revolutionise revolutions through one-man revolutions! - JZ, 25.1.93. – REVOLUTION, PANARCHISM

AMERICANISM: the framers of the rules of the American society established the conditions for the release of ‘creative energy’ - as Leonard Read would say.” - Earl Zarbin, THE FREEMAN, 10/75. - Unfortunately, they did not go far enough in this direction, i.e. towards panarchism. - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: The greatest outburst of creative energy ever known - the American miracle!” - Leonard E. Read, THE FREEMAN, 11/74. - By now, through high respect for learning and technology and for the creative energy even of ordinary workers in their workplace, we should have come to speak of a Japanese Miracle, too. After W.W. II, even through its still all too limited degrees of economic freedom, West Germany, too, advanced so fast that it was called an economic miracle. I was told that recovery of Germany from the Seven Years’ War was faster. Possibly, because by then less restrictive laws had accumulated and the currencies were more honest? If the mass of facts and figures on the effects of legislative restrictions and their repeals upon economic developments, were fed into a supercomputer system, it could soon demonstrate overwhelming co-relationships between rapid development with the degrees of liberty obtained and of stagnation and relapses with a multiplication of legislated and other restrictions. However, already Herbert Spencer suggested such a survey in vain. The economic literature as it is, embracing ten-thousands of volumes, mostly of writings opinionated in favour of statism, cannot provide such an enlightenment but merely supports current confusions and ignorance, prejudices and myths. One might as well expect enlightenment in the religious sphere to come from perusing the endless volumes of sermons that accumulated, many of which have been microfilmed. Even the Freethinker, rationalist, atheist, agnostic and humanist literature has become overwhelmingly large. Its essences ought to become more distilled than was so far the case. - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: The greatness of America lies in the independence of the people from the government.” - John Hospers, on Rose Wilder Lane, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, April 78. – That independence did never go far enough and so we got the present and all too powerful American governments. - JZ, 5.11.08.

AMERICANISM: the keystone of the American Dream is the protection of citizens from laws.” - Wallace Roberts, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 6/71. - If the American Dream had been realized then Americans would not need protection against “their” laws. - JZ, 25.9.02. – How much protection rather than aggression do they get from their present avalanche of laws? – JZ, 5.11.08.

AMERICANISM: the principal magnet of America in the beginning was the absence of governmental restraints; what else did the wilderness have to offer superior to the places they left behind? Those who suffered disabilities imposed on them by their respective governments, or by legally encrusted traditions, picked up sticks and went west. America was the refuge for those who had run afoul of the law, for hounded religious dissidents, for disinherited second sons, for debt-ridden prisoners, for all who had lost hope or rising above the station to which law and custom consigned them. The fact that they ‘took a chance’ is proof sufficient that they had freedom in their hearts.” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, 151.

AMERICANISM: the U.S.A. was grounded on the assumption that each human was the proprietor of his own life, that he had at least limited authority over his person and property, and that violation of his free will was justified only in cases of exceptional need. This foundation led to the beneficial qualities of American tradition: industrial capitalism, political freedom, cultural individualism, and a benevolent sense of life.” - ISFSC leaflet: The Road to Freedom.

AMERICANISM: There is no room in this country for hyphenated Americanism. The one absolutely certain way of bringing this nation to ruin, of preventing all possibility of its continuing to be a nation at all, would be to permit it to become a tangle of squabbling nationalities.” - Teddy Roosevelt, Speech before the Knights of Columbus. - Territorialism creates problems, exterritorial autonomy volunteers does not! Compulsory integration and uniformity arouses opposition, factionalism and party rule, not voluntary segregation, separatism, diversity or integration. One nation, one territory, one law, one leader, one system – is a kind of war declaration against all dissenters. Faction strife arises only when factions try to rule each other instead of only themselves. – JZ, 4.1.08, 20.1.13. – We should allow the full range of hyphenated Americanism to be applied, all versions only among their voluntary adherents. – JZ, 3.11.08. - TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

AMERICANISM: There was pride in being American, not because it was a great, beautiful place, but because it was a beautiful idea- and ideas everyone could embrace because it allowed everything possible to all people in a creative atmosphere of ordered peace.) It was the idea that each individual has an importance that transcends the imposed will of anyone else, whether singly or in a group, and should therefore be free to pursue his interests so long as he doesn’t interfere with the rights of others to do the same.” - Joan Marie Leonard, America - A Time, Not a Place, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 77, p.5/6. - However, individual sovereignty was not recognized to the extent of granting individual the right to secede and the personal law option under exterritorial autonomy, in their self-chosen communities. - JZ, 25.1.93. Under that territorialism too many other statist authoritarian and monopolistic features were retained, for a while even slavery and the expropriation and repression of native tribes. – JZ, 5.11.08.

AMERICANISM: This American Animal ... he is not a politician... He is not a 100% American... He has no decided faith or religion ... He hasn’t denounced anything ... It looks to me like he is just an Animal that has being going along, believing in right, doing right, tending to his own business, letting the other fellow alone.” - Will Rogers. – Alas, even the freedom-loving Americans have not yet produced a complete and ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 5.11.08.

AMERICANISM: Uncle Sam and John Bull: “If all my arrangements are not exactly as you like - well, the Government or the Universities or the trade unions or some other very learned people will devise fresh Ministries or new schemes to put everything right for you.” - That is what John Bull seemed to me to be saying to his working-man son. Then I turned the other ear and heard Uncle Sam, and this is what I thought I heard him saying to his worker son: “You are a man; you are as good as any other man; you can do anything that any other man can do if you will try. The world depends upon you just as much as it depends upon anybody else. If you fail, the world fails to that extent; if you succeed, the world succeeds the better. Therefore, be efficient, be healthy, and, above all, be quick. Remember, America is to lead mankind, and you are an American citizen.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, 207.

AMERICANISM: We have examined this American formula in specification and detail. At this point we need only to recall that the substance of the formula is ‘continuous, strict and closely guarded limitations upon the power of government.’ - Neither the peril of war nor the promise of welfare must ever serve to relax any time of this formula unless we are prepared to subject ourselves to the perverted dehumanised conditions of slavery.” - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.65. - It seems to me that his general formula would as well apply to the powers of a corrective services department as to the remaining few liberties and powers of the prisoners in their charge. Without introducing some real substance into the limitations, like untouchable individual rights and responsibilities, such formulas seem to be as useless as “lawful” or “law and order”. With the “limited” powers left to the U.S. governments, they have managed to invalidate almost every point of the Bill of Rights Amendments to the Constitution. Neither Conservatives nor Liberals, Republicans or Democrats, Libertarians or Anarchists like to talks or write much about limiting governments through well and rightfully organized, trained, enlightened, armed, autonomous and self-mobilising volunteer militias. - Even monetary and financial freedom is still insufficiently discussed by them – and the concept of rights, natural law, individual rights and all the implications of individual sovereignty and voluntary associationism, e.g. exterritorial autonomy. Seeing such insufficient interests and theories, we should not be surprised about unsatisfactory practices by the least enlightened and most numerous groups and minorities and, naturally, majorities. - JZ, 25.1.93.

AMERICANISM: What is called the American way of life is the result of the fact that the U.S. has put fewer obstacles in the way of saving and capital accumulation than other nations.” – Ludwig von Mises, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p. 530.

AMERICANS: the Americans, who are but a vast, undisciplined tangle of conflicting nationalities and ideologies …” - Ingo Swann, Star Fire, Sphere Book Edition 1978, p. 342. – Let them sort themselves out, peacefully and that requires here: without any territorial interventions. XYZ different panarchies, all only of volunteers, could release all their creative energies much better than their Constitution ever did, allowing each group of volunteers to do its own things for or to itself, in peaceful competition with all other such societies and communities. This would work in the sphere of political, economic and social systems as well as it does already in all other spheres where it is free to do so. – JZ, 10.9.08. – PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

AMIABILITY: few are more difficult to hurdle than the attitude: AGREE WITH ME OR BE DAMNED! True, we seldom put the sentiment in these words, but this is precisely the meaning of that rancour or ill-feeling which follows on the heels of a disagreement. Amiability in the face of disagreements is a rare human trait.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.88. - FANATICISM,  ANGER, INTOLERANCE, FUNDAMENTALISM, TOLERANCE, IMPARTIALITY, RESPECT, POLITENESS, DISAGREEMENTS, RECOGNITION OF RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

AMIABILITY: It is not agreement among ourselves that we should seek but, rather, an amiability in our countless differences - without which we could not exist. Whether this stance or attitude can be achieved depends on an ability to discipline our animal instincts and to look at the matter rationally, as human beings.” - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.93. - LOVE OF FREEDOM, JUSTICE, HUMAN RIGHTS, RESPONSIBILITY, TOLERANCE, INTOLERANCE, DOMINATION, DUTY, HATE, SELF-DISCIPLINE, DIVERSITY

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL: There is no denying that Amnesty International does much good in freeing some individuals and in drawing some attention to their oppressors. But this world needs more liberation than it needs more mere “amnesty”. Its aim is simply not set high enough. It is like the underground railway against slavery. It helped quite a few slaves escape - but it did not end slavery. - JZ, 14.9.85, 28.1.93.

AMUSEMENTS: Life - a condition that would be tolerable but for its amusements.” - Adapted from G. B. Shaw by L. L. Levinson. - Why look down intolerantly upon amusements of others, with inclinations towards prohibiting them, when participation and avoidance of them is quite left up to individuals? At least in this private sphere we do have already voluntarism, autonomy and exterritorial choices and personal law rules. I can only wish that soon we can similarly amuse ourselves with our favourite political, economic and social systems, institutions, games and dreams, - i.e., without disturbing those of any self-responsible, peaceful and similarly active dissenter, enjoying the society or government of his dreams. - Shaw, obviously, was not amused when many other people found his state socialist notions only amusing to ridiculous. They rather amused themselves with other games, which they preferred for themselves. Intolerant utopians all expect us to take their utopias serious for ourselves, instead of them being satisfied with the opportunity to take their utopias serious for themselves only. With freedom to experiment, for all the early state socialists as well, they could not have grown so powerful and could not have done as much harm to whole populations and for whole decades, as they have done. - JZ, 25.1.93. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT

ANALOGIES: Analogies prove nothing, that is quite true, but they can make one feel more at home.” - Sigmund Freud, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis. - Moreover, they can promote thinking and understanding. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANALOGIES: Though analogy is often misleading, it is the least misleading thing we have.” - Samuel Butler, Notebooks: Music, Pictures and Books, 1912. - One has to have a chance, when attempting to communicate any idea that is new to other people, to latch on to some of their ideas and experiences. Analogies do often make this possible. Free, i.e. exterritorially autonomous experiments among volunteers would be even less misleading. - JZ, 25.1.93. – FREEDOM OF ACTION, PANARCHISM, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT

ANALOGIES: To think in analogies should not be blamed. The analogy has the advantage that it does not finalize anything and does not even want to come to the last conclusion.” … - Goethe, Sprueche in Prosa. – JZ tr. of: “Nach Analogien denken ist nicht zu schelten; die Analogie hat den Vorteil, dass sie nicht abschliesst undeigentlich nichts Letztes will; … “

ANARCHISM: A free man (1945: THE ANARCHIST) achieves victory and establishes the free society merely by holding to a natural and free life. It is not necessary for him to defeat anybody. If he is creative, he wins. If he resists and suffers, he wins. (JZ?) ... The free man does not strive to dominate organizations but to act within natural groups, which are significant for him. Human beings act predominantly in groups.” - Paul Goodman, in Blankertz/Goodman, Staatlichkeitswahn, retranslated into English. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

ANARCHISM: A free market in every respect - as an institutionalised anarchistic or panarchistic and thus voluntaristic and exterritorial framework for all kinds of societies and communities, even governmental and States as well, as long as they confine themselves to exterritorial autonomy for their own volunteers. – No territorial powers any more to anyone over any dissenters. - JZ, 13.9.91, 25.1.93, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISM: a school of thought which teaches that social cooperation of men could be achieved without compulsion or coercion.” – Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government, 48.

ANARCHISM: A system of social organization ‘holding all forms of governmental authority to be unnecessary and undesirable’.” - Erwin S. Strauss, quoting a dictionary, in THE CONNECTION No. 84. - This still does not offer an anarchist solution to the problem posed by those who do consider authority to be necessary and desirable at least for themselves - and against those who would attack them. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: A wise man neither suffers himself to be governed, no attempts to govern others.” - La Bruyere, Les Caracteres.

ANARCHISM: all authority over man is unjust, that if individuals are left absolutely free to associate themselves as they see fit, all individuals and groups will, responding to natural impulses of sympathy and mutual aid, act in mutual helpfulness and in respect for the interests of one another. Under his view, discord in society is due only to the perverting influence of the unnatural and unjust restrictions inherent in the system of political authority (and private property).” - W. A. Dunning, A History of Political Theories, Recent Times, 113, on Kropotkin.

ANARCHISM: All state coercion, all state classes, should be abolished. - For dissenters that is correct. For consenting “victims” it would be a further and asked-for victimisation. In their view, if forced to live under anarchism, they would be expelled from their statist utopia and deported into a free society they do not know and are afraid of and thus would not have choosen for themselves. Why be so cruel to dumb animals? - JZ, 25.1.93, 20.1.13.

ANARCHISM: an anarchism in the field of opinion”...”Anarchism merely generalised this to the field of action.” - Don Werkheiser, 27.12.90. - But it should be only for those who want it for themselves. Physical training might be good for all. But should it be imposed upon anyone? - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: An anarchist organization must (allow for) complete autonomy, and independence, and therefore full responsibility, for individuals and groups; (*) free agreement between those who think it useful to come together for cooperative action, for common aims; a moral duty to fulfil one’s pledges and to take no action contrary to the accepted program. On such bases then one introduces practical forms and suitable instruments to give real life to the organization. Thus the groups, the federation of groups, the federations of federations, meetings, congresses, correspondence committees and so on. But all this must be done freely, in such a way as not to restrict the thought and the initiative of individual members, but only to give greater scope to the efforts which in isolation would be impossible or ineffective.” - Errico Malatesta, Il Risveglio, Oct. 15, 1927. - - (*) For itself and for all other volunteer groups, not only anarchistic or libertarian ones. – JZ, n.d.

ANARCHISM: An anarchist program can be put quite briefly - the abolition of institutionalised power or control from the top over people. (*) It is, in this, very specific as to what it is against. It is less specific in what it is for - any sort of voluntary, participatory social organizations. It is perhaps more important at this period to emphasise what the various schools of anarchist thought oppose rather than what they want. - Now that religion has largely declined from a position of imperial power to one of personal preference, the single most important form of the power that anarchists oppose is the nation State. (**) Corporate capitalism and state socialism are its most highly developed and all embracing forms. ( ***) Imperialism is simply this same power moving outward. That is theory.” - Karl Hess, LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, Winter 70, p. 57. - - It is not even theory, which is at least somewhat backed up by facts. It is merely a false hypothesis. - All such statements should be systematically criticised and re-stated, as often as desired or necessary. Micrographically or electronically this could be done cheaply and fast enough. - - (*) JZ: In other words, exterritorial and voluntaristic governments and States would be left or could be established still. - - (**) Not the nation state of personal preference! - - (***) Mrs. Chisholm: “Nothing but what is voluntary deserves the name national.” - JZ, 26.1.93. – Corporate capitalism can be quite private, without any privileges, competitive and voluntary. – Even Karl Hess did not clearly see this. – JZ, 20.1.13.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism ... advocates the abolition of all government as we today understand the term, save that originating in voluntary cooperation.” - Encyclopaedia Americana, 1959. - Why do most anarchists ignore the second part of that definition, in its application to the vast majority of the remaining archists? - JZ, 25.1.93. – Any government based upon unanimous consent would also be a kind of anarchy – because in it no one would be ruled against his will. To that extent rule over others would be abolished! – Statism for statists only! Anarchism for anarchists only! Any other ism only for its adherents! -  JZ, 5.11.08. – VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, MYOB!

ANARCHISM: Anarchism advocates the dissolution of the State into social and market arrangements, and these arrangements are far more flexible and less predictable than political institutions. The most that we can do, then, is to offer broad guidelines and perspectives on the shape of a projected anarchist society ...” - Murray Rothbard, LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 1/75. - Did he anywhere and in detail discuss the possibilities of exterritorial autonomy for anarchists and archists alike? - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism and egalitarianism don’t mix very well - except on a quite voluntary and exterritorial basis. - JZ, 16.4.02. – EGALITARIANISM, COMMUNISM, EQUALITY OF OUTCOMES

ANARCHISM: Anarchism covers a wide spectrum of different beliefs. The following lists makes no claim to be complete: Anarchism of drug addicts. Anarchism of homosexuals. Anarchism of sexual liberationists. Anarchism of the ignorant. Anarchism of the prejudiced. Anarchism of criminals and their sympathisers. Anarchism of the coercive equalisers. Anarchism of the property prohibitionists. Anarchism of enemies of money. Anarchism or the enemies of interest. Anarchism of specific land reformers. Anarchism of the Egoists. Anarchism of the Altruists. Anarchism of religious believers. Anarchism of the Strong. Anarchism of the Moralists. Anarchism of the human rights advocates. Band-wagon anarchists, saying provocatively: I’m an anarchist, too, without knowing anything about it or wanting to know. The sign writing anarchists act as if only the circled A (A) would be significant, Anti-police (Bullen, Pigs) anarchists, Anarchism of those ignorant of economics and disdainful of it, Anarchism of artists, Anarchism of panarchists, Youth Revolt anarchists, Circus Anarchists. More commonly used terms are individualist anarchist, syndicalist anarchist, communist anarchist, philosophical anarchist, anarcho-capitalist, market anarchist. Add your own favourite terms to this spectrum. - Compare the anarchist spectrum on the

ANARCHISM: ANARCHISM FOR ANARCHISTS ONLY. Any other ism for those favouring it. - JZ, 1974. – Any kind of anarchism only for any kind of anarchists. At the same time, any kind of statism for each kind of statists. Exterritorially or under personal law this is possible and peace-promoting. Under territorialism it is not. – JZ, 20.1.13.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism for the anarchists. According to you that should be punishment enough. - JZ, 2/75. – PANARCHISM, TO EACH HIS OWN SYSTEM.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism for the perfect man is not seriously contested, only anarchism for the imperfect man is. It would be less provocative, if anarchism were only proposed for those who want it and would remain avoidable for those who don’t. Whatever stage of development anybody might be in at present, such a condition could only help to directly or indirectly improve him further. Whoever is imperfect enough to aggress against others must be effectively resisted, forcefully or non-violently, i.e., to that extent he must be ruled over or governed. Archies and anarchies would have the same task and could not always solve it by wishful thinking and non-violent means, no matter how hard they tried. Anarchism is not a design for criminals and their aggressions. But it would allow them to do their things to themselves, i.e. to consenting victims. Like a group of card-players who like cheating each other. Only the others, the peaceful and honest ones, however imperfect they might otherwise still be, can be free of government (apart from their self-defence organization or organisations) or could have only the kind of government or society they want for themselves. - JZ, 23.6.87. – VOLUNTARISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is as much an individually preferred point of view and lifestyle as is atheism and should be similarly tolerant towards those who are tolerant of it.” - JZ, 13.1.81.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is essentially individualism and group voluntarism or voluntary associationism, not egalitarianism or decentralisation or abolition of property or of money or any other sensible or senseless aim that anarchists strive for because they also happen to believe in it. - JZ, 26.3.91, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is law and freedom without coercion.” („Anarchismus ist Gesetz und Freiheit ohne Gewalt.“) - Augustin Souchy.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is neither left nor right nor any middle of the road idealism or materialistic religion or anti-religion. Instead, it is concerned with freedom for individuals and their voluntary groups, with un-coerced actions of all kinds, whatever they may be and whoever wants to engage in them, as long as they are undertaken only at the own risk and expense. – JZ, 3.9.98.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is no problem, if freed of its archist - authoritarian and totalitarian because territorialist - remaining traces - but anti-anarchism is a problem at least for anarchists, if it is territorially enforced. - JZ, 4.6.82, 25.1.93, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is not “... a fixed, self-enclosed system, but rather a definite trend in the historical development of mankind, which, in contrast with the intellectual guardianship of all clerical and government institutions, strives for the free unhindered unfolding of all the individual and social forces in life...” - Rudolph Rocker, in his work Anarcho-Syndicalism, as quoted by Noam Chomsky in Notes on Anarchism.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is not a repudiation of social discipline but rather an assumption of humanitarian responsibility.” - Sholom Ash, LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, I/4. – Genuine anarchists do not want to replace the “Welfare State” by a “Welfare Society”. The disciplines of the free market, free enterprise, free trade, free exchange, self-responsibility, the care for one’s dependents, for one’s own old age etc., achieves much more than “humanitarian care” for all the remaining problems of all others could achieve. What all others need most is more freedom, justice, peace, security and they have largely to establish them themselves. We would help them most by supplying them with better ideas for their self-help options. – JZ, .11.08. - EGOISM, SELFISHNESS, ALTRUISM, HUMANITARIANISM, FOREIGN AID, DO-GOODISM, CHARITY, WELFARE STATE,

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is not a romantic fable but the hard-headed realization, based on 5,000 years of experience, that we cannot entrust the management of our lives to kings, priests, politicians, generals, and country commissioners.” - Edward Abbey, 1927-1989, A Voice Crying in the Wilderness. - SELF-RULE, SELF-MANAGEMENT, SELF-DETERMINATION, REPRESENTATION, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, STATISM

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is not anarchy. It is against existing social and political systems, but it proposes to replace them with some form of ordered, decentralized, individualistic community cooperation.” - Paul Goodman, N.Y. TIMES MAGAZINE, 14.7.68.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is not just adopting a negative stance: “We have something very tangible to offer, - something very rational, practical, and easy of application. We offer cooperation. We offer non-compulsive organization... We offer every possible method of voluntary social union by which men and women may act together for the furtherance of well-being.” - Benjamin Tucker. - He was one of the all too few tolerant anarchists, so tolerant that they were panarchists. - JZ, 25.1.93. – Non-compulsive or non-compulsory? – ANARCHISM, POSITIVE & COOPERATIVE, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is not normative. It does not say how to be free. It says only that freedom, liberty can exist.” - Karl Hess, DANDELION, Spring 80.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is not the doctrine of no subordination; it is the doctrine that none but the invasive should be subordinated.” - Benjamin R. Tucker, LIBERTY 339, 16 May 1896, p. 5. - SUBORDINATION, CRIME, AGGRESSION, INVASION, RULE, SUBORDINATION

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is the denial of force against any peaceable individual.” - LIBERTY, 396. – FORCE, COERCION, COMPULSION – Byington, a LIBERTY associate, had turned this slogan into a sticker. – JZ

ANARCHISM: anarchism is the doctrine which contends that the government is the source of most of our social troubles and that there are viable alternative forms of social organization.” – George Woodcock, Anarchism: A Historical Introduction, in The Anarchist Reader, Fontana Original, 1977, p.11. – Did Woodcock ever discuss exterritorial autonomy options and their peaceful coexistence even with such options for statists? – Or did he have only in mind a free competition between various anarchistic groups and communities? - JZ, 21.9.08. - GOVERNMENT, ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS, PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is the hammer-idea, smashing the chains. Liberty is what results and, in liberty, everything is up to people and their ideologies.” - Karl Hess, DANDELION, Spring 80. - Here he comes close to panarchism. - JZ

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is the ideal of a society without coercion, a society where membership in all organizations is voluntary.” - Larry Gambone, TOTAL LIBERTY, Autumn 98. - Some, but all too few anarchists are also tolerant enough to be panarchists, at least by their general definitions of anarchism. - JZ, 1.2.02. - COERCION, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Anarchism is the thesis that government is an unnecessary evil.” - Peter Crosby, The Utopia of Competition, in THE PERSONALIST.  Date? – It is only territorial government that is a quite unjustified and unnecessary evil. – JZ, 3.11.10.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism must mean liberty first, liberty second, liberty always.” - Larry Gambone, ANY TIME NOW, No. 5, Winter 1998. - Instead of liberty one might say here: voluntarism or individual sovereignty or exterritorial autonomy. - It means “equality” or “socialism”, “communism” or “capitalism” or “collectivism” or “propertarianism” only for those who make these features their individual or group choices within a general framework of individual liberty and rights. - To the extent that these individual or group choices are the primary thing for those who call themselves still “anarchists” and to the extent that they are not prepared to allow others to make other choices for themselves, including governmental ones, to that extent they are not anarchists, individualists, voluntaryists and tolerant and non-authoritarian people but have joined the hordes of aggressors, coercers, territorialists and invaders. - JZ, 1.2.02. - LIBERTY, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE, HYPHENATED ANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Anarchism offers the largest sphere for actions, also the widest limits for tolerance of greatly varied human conduct.” - Solneman: Kurt Helmut Zube, 1905-1991, in LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, No. 2.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism teaches that Government is an unnecessary evil. Human beings, when accustomed to taking responsibility for their own behaviour, can cooperate on a basis of mutual trust and helpfulness. - THE MATCH, June 75.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism then, really stands for the liberation of the human mind from the domination of religion (*); the liberation of the human body from the domination of property (**); liberation from the shackles and restraint of government (***). Anarchism stands for a social order based on the free groupings of individuals for the purpose of producing real social wealth; an order that will guarantee to every human being free access to the earth and full enjoyment of the necessities of life, according to individual desires, tastes, and inclinations. (****) - Anarchism does not stand for military drill and uniformity; it does, however, stand for the spirit or revolt, in whatever form, against everything that hinders human growth. All anarchists agree in that, is they also agree in their opposition to the political machinery (*****) as a means of bringing about the great social change.” (*** ***) - Emma Goldman, Anarchism, 1910. – (*) There are religious anarchists, too! - - (**) There are propertarian or individualist or philosophical and cooperative anarchists, too! - - (***) That does not mean from a merely exterritorially autonomous government that is desired for and by volunteers only. - - (****) Who is to provide these and why should he? – Other anarchists have other ideals! - - (*****) Really only the territorial State machinery! They never considered, in most cases, a voluntaristic, exterritorial and freely competing one! - - (*** ***) Individual people and different minority and majority groups, among the anarchists as well, desire different great and small social changes and different combinations and degrees of them. - JZ, n.d.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism wants to abolish every rule of man over man. That is the common notion of anarchism among anarchists. But what about rule over volunteers? This is then no longer any imposed rule of man over man but, rather, an asked-for rule of man over man and thus, no longer an objectionable domination over involuntary victims, which anarchists want to resist and abolish. To take a sexual analogy: If no one should dominate anyone, even if invited to do so, neither husband nor wife should ever be on top. They would only be permitted - sideways – or standing-up sexual relationships! Is this the “lateral thinking” consensus of anarchists? - JZ, 25.1.93. – VOLUNTARISM, SUBMISSIVENESS, STATISM, RULE, RULERS, GOVERNMENT, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, JOKES

ANARCHISM: Anarchism without free market economics might lead only to authoritarian and intolerant utopianism. - JZ 23.10.91, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism without freedom economics amounts not only to nothing as far as progressive societal relationships are concerned but even to a minus, a disadvantage, that of voluntary or imposed communism, or enslavement, both impoverishing and preventing development. – JZ, 11.6.97, 21.9.08. – FREE SOCIETY, ECONOMIC FREEDOM, FREE MARKET RELATIONSHIPS, CAPITALISM, PROSPERITY

ANARCHISM: Anarchism without some sound economics is mostly just a bunch of sectarian beliefs. What counts as “sound” economics among the few anarchists interested in it, is mostly just a bunch of sectarian beliefs, too. - JZ, 14.12.91.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism without sound economics, i.e., free market economics, is a farce and can amount only to temporary, authoritarian, oppressive and exploitative utopias, fast leading to disappointments. – JZ, 1.2.98, 21.9.08. - SOUND ECONOMICS

ANARCHISM: Anarchism, as Tucker defined it, is indistinguishable from the natural sociability of human beings which leads them to cooperate with one another in the realisation of mutual social ends when left free to do so.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.162.

ANARCHISM: Anarchism, primarily, is not an economic arrangement but a social philosophy based upon the conclusion that man is happy and independent in proportion to the freedom he experiences and can maintain.” - Laurance Labadie, Selected Essays, p.22. - ECONOMICS, HAPPINESS & FREEDOM

ANARCHISM: Anarchism, the doctrine that in all matters there should be the greatest amount of individual liberty compatible with equality of liberty.” - B. R. Tucker, Individual Liberty, p. 251. - The minimum amount of individual liberty required, compatible with equality of liberty is voluntary membership and exterritorial autonomy of volunteers - no matter what these volunteers want to do among themselves. No one who believes e.g. in freedom of expression, imagines that he has to fill his days with the maximum practice of it, e.g. by continuously writing letters to the editor. The greatest amount of individual liberty includes also the choices of voluntary limitations upon one’s liberties. These absolutist and generalised wordings always tend to lead us astray. – Their flaws would be best shown by attempts to realize them in practice among volunteers, in panarchies or polyarchies or free experiments under personal laws and full exterritorial autonomy: panarchies under panarchism. - Egalitarianism might be adopted only in few panarchies and even in them only for a while. The Founding Fathers of America soon got sick of it. Most of them did actually starve, got sick and died under it. So they discarded communism and adopted individual and family responsibilities and property rights and from that time onward and to that extent they did prosper. – JZ, 25.1.93. 5.11.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION

ANARCHISM: Anarchist beliefs and convictions should not be accompanied by more still more irrationality and irresponsibility than is already all too common today - but by much less, if any at all. They should be recognizable and provable by reason and facts. Anarchist actions should all be reasonable, just, peaceful and tolerant ones - towards all reasonable, just, peaceful and tolerant people, who just doing their own things to and for themselves, with their own property and labor. Anarchists and libertarian should recognize and respect all the basic rights of others, even if, for themselves, the others do make other than anarchist and libertarian choices. - JZ, 24.7.00. , TOLERANCE, RATIONALITY, REASON

ANARCHISM: Anarchist economics is outstanding in most cases - by its absence. What we get instead, from such “anarchists”, is “anti-economics” or “neo-comics”, as Dr. H. G. Pearce called it. - JZ, 21.8.00. - ANARCHISM & ECONOMICS

ANARCHISM: Anarchists ... believe that all associations should be voluntary and free from coercion.” - Patricia Mills, THE MATCH, 2/75. - Including States. Which means, they ought to have voluntary members only, which they would have once all individuals and groups are free to secede from them. Moreover, their territorial sovereignties over whole populations would have to be confined, like that of the secessionists and voluntarily re-associated groups, to exterritorial autonomy under personal laws. In other words, all institutions would have to become voluntaristic and competitive and subject to private contracts, i.e., subject to individual sovereignty, here expressed as consumer sovereignty, combined with free and competitive free enterprise (including, naturally, all kinds of cooperative, fraternal and other kinds of enterprises in the “government” sphere). - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Anarchists ... would reject both government and law, except to the extent that they were voluntary.” - WESTERN WORLD REVIEW NEWSLETTER, Nov. 71. - And 22 years later I still disagree with its editor, Robert Sagehorn, on panarchism, with him only favouring limited government for all. Have such sayings become meaningless prayer verses for the believers, ritually and thoughtlessly repeated? - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Anarchists have let themselves be tempted to preach, as the only cure a coercive and irreconcilable resistance against all laws; and the immediate result of this is that others welcome any tyranny which saves them from this kind of chaos. But there is really no reason at all to leave only the choice between anarchy and tyranny.” – G. B. Shaw, alas only in my rough translation of the German version: “Die Anarchisten lassen sich hinreissen, als das einzige Heilmittel gewaltsamen und unversoehnlichen Widerstand gegen das Gesetz zu predigen; und das sofort eintretende Ergebnis besteht darin, dass andere jede Tyranny willkommen heissen, die sie vom Chaos rettet. Aber es besteht wirklich keine Veranlassung zur Wahl zwischen Anarchie und Tyrannei.“ - DIS, INTOLERANCE, RESISTANCE, AUTHORITARIANISM, TERRORISM, BOMB-THROWING, TERRITORIALISM, REVOLUTIONARY ANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Anarcho-babble isn’t any better than any other babble. – JZ, 3.1.98. – Bob James used to call some anarchists “circus anarchists”. It is the “anarchism” of clowns or fools or mere entertainers. – JZ 21.9.08. - CIRCUS ANARCHISTS

ANARCHISM: Anarchy is anti-government, anti-rulers, anti-dictators, anti-bosses and drivers. Anarchy is the negation of force; the elimination of all authority in social affairs; it is the denial of the right of domination of one man over another. It is the diffusion of rights, of power, of duties, equally and freely among the people.” - Albert Parsons, courtroom speech, after being sentenced to hang for Haymarket Bombing, 1886.

ANARCHISM: Anarchy misunderstood. Sir, I write to protest about the present popular lose usage of the term ‘anarchy’. Throughout the present political wrangle, politicians and pressmen have used the term as if anarchy was the antithesis of democracy and liberty; as if it automatically implied disorder and violence. - There is nothing in the concept of a society without a State that implies these ills - the traditional society of Australian Aborigines was, for example, anarchical. Many would even argue that anarchism is the only route to achieving a truly democratic and liberal society. However, even people who oppose anarchism should treat it with as much respect as they would capitalism or communism or socialism.” - Andrew Metcalfe, East Lindfield, SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 3. Nov. 75.

ANARCHISM: Anarchy, as I see it, admits of any kind of organization, so long as membership is not compulsory.” - Joseph A. Labadie, quoted by James Martin, Men Against the State, p.245. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, ASSOCIATIONISM

ANARCHISM: Archism over all criminals. Anarchism for all non-invasive people. And anarchists to be voluntarily organized for this. - JZ, 1981, 25.1.93. - CRIME

ANARCHISM: As a fundamentalist and individualist anarchist I am interested in voluntarism rather than egalitarianism. As an individualist and voluntarist, also as a panarchist, I can tolerate communist anarchists, socialist libertarians, syndicalists etc., even statists, as long as they would leave me alone, as much as I would leave them alone, each doing his own things to or for himself only and for like-minded people. - JZ, 12.3.01. - But there are too many intolerant, authoritarian and confiscatory (expropriating, coercively egalitarian), aggressive, occupying, marching, shouting, vandalizing, sabotaging, violent, violently revolutionary, criminal and even disgusting people (e.g. pedophiles, or child abusers and abortionists, prepared to kill the most innocent, their own unborn children!) who call themselves “anarchists” and “libertarians”. - JZ, 2.2.02. - INDIVIDUALIST ANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EGALITARIANISM

ANARCHISM: But anarchism is not an ideological movement. It may well be. In a concept of freedom it, they, you or we, anyone has the liberty to engage in ideology or anything else that does not coerce others, denying their liberty. But anarchism is not an ideological movement. It is an ideological statement. It says that all people have a capacity for freedom. It says that all anarchists want liberty. And then it is silent. After the pause of that silence, anarchists then mount the stages of their own communities and history and proclaim THEIR, not anarchism’s ideologies - they say how they, as anarchists, will make arrangements, describe evens, celebrate life, work.” - Karl Hess, DANDELION, Spring 80. - Here, again, he comes close to panarchism. Alas, it is rare to find anarchism thus confined to essential features. Most are too much in love with secondary choices to be able to do that. They are like religious people, unwilling to talk and discuss and think about religious liberty but willing to endlessly study and preach about their own particular religion and to practice their cults. - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Communist anarchism is really a misleading term. Involved is only a somewhat anti-authoritarian and decentralized communism that is only rarely advocated as merely a desirable option for its volunteers but, instead, as a supposedly optimal and exclusive system for whole populations, of territories or countries or even world-wide. Towards all voluntaristic alternatives it has largely remained intolerant, precluding all voluntaristic alternatives to it, with the exception of the religiously motivated communist anarchists, who, due to their religious bent, have at least become tolerant in the religious sphere and thus tried to practise their brand of religious communism only among their own kind of volunteers. Typically, the religiously motivated anarchist communists have become the most long lasting anarchist communities. They others had usually only a short life-span due to their basic economic flaws. – Thus the internal contradiction of authoritarian, coercive and monopolistic “anarchist” communism arose, usually acting all too non-anarchistically towards all dissenters. – How many or how few communist anarchists have so far become consistent panarchists, i.e. consistent voluntarists and exterritorialists? But then the rightists or individualist anarchists have so far also only all too rarely subscribed to panarchism, although it would give them their best chance to demonstrate their truth in practical experiments among their volunteers. – JZ, 29.4.96, 21.9.08.

ANARCHISM: Complex societies necessitate anarchism.” - Sam Dolgoff, The Relevance of Anarchism to Modern Society, LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, I/4, p.9.


ANARCHISM: Down with the State, the State of yesterday, today and tomorrow, the Bourgeois State and the Socialist State. There remains for me now nothing but the consoling religion of Anarchism.” - Benito Mussolini, Popolo d’Italia, April 6, 1920. - Seldes remarks: “Mussolini’s father was a follower of Bakunin, the Anarchist philosopher and rival of Karl Marx.” - It should also be remembered that Mussolini came to power when “occupation of the factories” had become a popular rage and mischief. This was done by coercive unionists and socialists, possibly also syndicalists, and had, in effect, closed many factories down, since potential customers did not want anything to do with people who respected no property rights and private contracts. In stopping these wrongs, often quite forcefully, Mussolini acted as a propertarian. However, in attacking productive cooperatives, to the extent that he, through his followers, destroyed their self-help organisations and assets like buildings, trees and animals, he acted again as an enemy of property. Later, as a fascist controller of the property of others, he was a more camouflaged enemy of property rights. - As a “leader” into disasters he practised: Up with my own State, for myself, for my own benefit and over all other people in “my” country - and over as many peoples in other countries as I can manage to subjugate to myself! - I wonder how many of the “anarchist” protesters, marchers and demonstrators would similarly reveal their true nature, given the chance? - JZ, 26. 1. 93.

ANARCHISM: Equal decision-making power, equal distribution of wealth.” - With this simple dogma they want to “rule” the affairs not only of themselves but of all others, by thus making them their own affairs, i.e., by a usurpation, and disposing of the property of others, as if it were their own. That kind of approach can only bring all others up in arms against them. I have nowhere found a hint that they want only to be free to practice these two “principles” in combination – quite tolerantly among themselves only, at their own risk and expense. Even the Soviets were not as simple-minded in their dogmatism. How much blood would be shed, if this article of faith would be spread widely enough, to let its adherents gain enough power over others to enforce it? - JZ, 8.8.84, 25.1.93. – That is an instant of the intolerant “anarchism” of the Melbourne “Workers for a Self-managed Society”. That is their “justification” for meddling and plundering! – Have they combined their households and their property and practised that principle among themselves? - JZ, 5.11.08, 20.1.12.

ANARCHISM: Every time some over-organized gang of highway robbers decided to push people around, us raggedy and disorganized anarchists smashed ‘em good and proper!” - L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, 260. - That is the dream. Where is the reality so far? Most anarchists and libertarians have so far failed to consider the kind of volunteer militia organization and defence, liberation and revolutionary methods that could be achieve this. - JZ, 24.1.02. – GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM

ANARCHISM: Everyone to take the liberty to determine the forms of his social relations himself.” - Chris Misere, 1986. Open Mind Festival. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT & SELF-DETERMINATION

ANARCHISM: Excess archy should not be called “anarchy”. – JZ, 81.98. - Chaos in human relationships is mainly only the result of competing territorial domination attempts, not of peaceful and productive genuine self-government and self-management efforts. – 21.9.08. - CHAOS? TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, DOMINATION

ANARCHISM: For while no social organization can guarantee morality, at least free market anarchism does not preclude the possibility of morality by institutionalising coercion in the form of a monopoly government.” - Don Franzen, Reply to Peter Crosby’s “Utopia of Competition” - PERSONALIST, Symposium: Is Government Necessary? p.393. – That would be a mistake – but not wrong for its voluntary victims. – All kinds of statism for all kinds of statists – and only for them! – JZ, 20.1.13.

ANARCHISM: G. D. Cole has stated that the anarchists were anarchists because they did not believe in an anarchical world.” - By dropping voluntarism and tolerance in favour of their particular anarchistic ideal, most anarchists are not very anarchistic but rather authoritarian, like any territorialist “great political leader”. - The real essence of anarchism: voluntarism, non-aggression, self-determination and self-responsibility, is all too often overshadowed for them by their pursuit of their secondary ideal or dogmas. Insofar they do not really believe in anarchism but, rather, in that something else. - JZ, 25.1.93. - Usually, egalitarianism is their first and constant love. - JZ, 25.9.02. – On the contradictions of the various forms of anarchism see my still incomplete survey on - It has been online for years but neither led to criticism nor supplementation. All too many fundamental discussions – are simply avoided! – JZ, 5.11.08. - VOLUNTARISM

ANARCHISM: Genuine anarchism can lead to order, wanted rules or laws, peace, justice, freedom, progress – just as much as any kinds of anarchist wants for themselves, for their internal affairs. Provided only, that “anarchists” are not at the same time and primarily e.g. egalitarians, coercive “sharers” and distributors and enemies of property rights and other individual economic rights and liberties. To the extent that some, too many, anarchists, want to impose their anarchist ideal upon dissenters, i.e., to the extent that they are still territorialists, wanting to impose their kind of territorial “rule” or system uniformly upon a whole territory, they are really authoritarians, even totalitarians and are preparing for a civil war against the statists and must not be surprised if they are the losers in this war, for anarchists are still largely outnumbered by archists. – The territorial archies of all kinds, at least in the large States, lead generally only to ever more oppressive and exploitative laws and institutions, even when they start out with the ideal of a limited and constitutional government and an bill of rights, usually a still all too limited & flawed one. They are quite immoral and irrational in many respects. Archies are tolerable only for their voluntary victims. – JZ, 17.2.07, 25.10.07. – ARCHIES, STATES, & PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE & COMPETITION BETWEEN THEM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, RULERS, TERRITORIALISM

ANARCHISM: Have all egalitarian anarchists managed to agree on one and the same definition for their “anarchism”? Or do they offer a great variety of definitions of their ideal? - JZ, 16.4.02., 20.8.02. - COMMUNIST ANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Hess: ... I doubt if the manufacture of guns would be a very serious occupation in an anarchist society. - Playboy: Why not? - Hess: Because we don’t hunt for food much anymore and the freer a society gets, the less need there is to shoot people...” - PLAYBOY, 7/76, p. 72. – GUNS, FREEDOM, WAR, WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM

ANARCHISM: His devotion to individuality leads to a marriage with anarchy.” - B. R. Barber, Superman and Common Men, p. 92/93, on Robert Paul Wolf. - Individuality is a fact of nature, requiring only observation and understanding, not devotion. It does not lead only to one form of marriage with one form of anarchy but, instead, to all kinds of free love affairs and marriages, or even abstinence, for all kinds of individuals with or from all kinds of voluntary and competing States and non-governmental societies. This can, naturally, be done only when one can exterritorially and autonomously associate oneself with one’s beloved person or persons while, at the same time, abstaining from intimate relationships with any to whom one is indifferent or whom one dislikes. This applies to the “marriages” and free love relationships of others, under their personal laws, in their voluntaristic and competing governments and competing free societies. - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: How would public services be organized under Anarchy? First of all, I should remark that it is a mistake to talk about life ‘under’ Anarchy. There is no ‘under’. The implication of ‘under’ is that a uniform system is to be imposed upon everyone, and that standard solutions to societal problems will be accepted and take precedence over the ones of today, so that instead of living under the present system, we live under a new one. In reality, the nature of the projected pluralistic Anarchy is such that a wide diversity is not only tolerated, but encouraged ... - Fred Woodworth, Anarchism, 6. DIVERSITY, PLURALISM, PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE

ANARCHISM: I am an anarchist because I want an as free, secure, just, crime-free and peaceful society as possible. – JZ, 2.3.99, 21.9.08. – CRIME, SOCIETY, PEACE, WAR

ANARCHISM: I am opposed to Anarchy but I favour Anarchism.” - Bob Howard. - That makes some sense when one considers that “anarchism” is not as automatically associated with “chaos” as “anarchy” is in the “minds” of most people. - JZ, 26.1.93. – ANARCHY, CHAOS, DISORDER, ORDER, HARMONY

ANARCHISM: I believe a world without ‘government’ would be a better place to live. However, that doesn’t tell me how to deal with the world in which I do live.” – Harry Brown, How I Found Freedom ..., p.101. - Prepare to sell or redistribute the remaining assets of the politicians and bureaucrats, and thereby liquidate much of their power, while creating financial power for alternative institutions. For some details of this approach see PEACE PLANS 19 C. - There are, naturally, many other projects towards anarchy. But people like Brown seem to understand mainly only one: Making money. - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: I have come to the conclusion that philosophical anarchism is true. That is to say, I believe that there is not, and there could not be, a state that has a right to command and whose subjects have a binding obligation to obey.” - Robert Paul Wolff, On Violence, JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY, LXVI, no. 19, 1969, p.607. See also his: In Defence of Anarchism, N.Y., 1970. - Quoted by Barber: Superman and Common Men, p. 32. She added: “If authority is to be sent into exile, it is legitimacy that must be banished.” - From the above it merely follows that States that have usurped a right to command and extract obedience from their subjects are not “legitimate” or, rather, not moral or rightful. But this would make no case against any State constituted by volunteers only, who remain volunteers through the liberty of individual secessionism, and who practise their kind of obedience to their unanimously supported governmental institutions only on the basis of exterritorial autonomy, which is the voluntary combination of their own individual sovereignties only, i.e., it remains dependent upon individual consent - through individual secessionism. - See under Panarchism. For such volunteers their kinds of exterritorially autonomous States would be legitimate and for all who do not like them for themselves, they should, nevertheless, be considered as “legitimate” or “rightful”, too, - for the self-selected others. No right or liberty means that it must be claimed by everyone and quite completely and that it must be fully practised all the time and anywhere and by anyone, too. Rights and liberties only state how far individuals could go, without infringing upon the equal rights and liberties of others, not how far they must go. Regarding the first sentence, I would rather say: No TERRITORIAL State, as such, has or can have ANY right...” - no more so than any murderer or robber or oppressor, as such, can have any right. - JZ, 26.1.93, 25.9.02.

ANARCHISM: I have frequently observed – in response to those who dismiss my views on the virtues of a stateless society – that political systems, in the 20th century alone, killed some 200,000,000 human beings. How many were killed by anarchists?” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 43. – A very similar remark is in chapter 60: ANARCHISM: In the twentieth century alone, governments managed to kill – through wars, genocides, and other deadly practices – some 200,000,000 men, women, and children. How many people were killed by anarchists during this period? Governments, not anarchists, have been the deadly “bomb-throwers” of human history!” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 60. - GOVERNMENTS, TERRORISM, ASSASSINATIONS, AIR RAIDS & BOMBS, WARS & OTHER MASS MURDERS

ANARCHISM: I have no objection against anarchists who mind their own business. - JZ, 2/75. – Nor to any archists – who merely mind their own business in their way. All kinds of anarchy for all kinds of anarchists, all kinds of libertarianism for all kinds of libertarians and all kinds of statism for all kinds of statists. – JZ, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISM: I remain convinced on the grounds of my practical fighting experience that anarchism is as revolutionary, as diverse and as sublime in every facet as is human life itself.” - Nestor Machno, The Anarchist Revolution, in RABELAIS, 21.9.71. - With its limited stress of diversity - only among anarchists - still a rather Catholic view of the future. Non-anarchists have the right to be and remain non-anarchists among themselves. Nobody is obliged to become an anarchist. All that anarchists can demand is that they be left alone by archists. And they must be willing to leave the archists alone. At present it would be hard to decide who is the more intolerant of the two groups. - JZ, 25.1.93. – PANARCHISM, INTOLERANCE, TERRITORIALISM, UNIFORMITY

ANARCHISM: I take you to be an anarchist of moral suasion; am I right? or rather that you would advocate the abolition of all human laws, that Natural Law might work unimpeded.” - Daniel McFarland, to Spooner, in 1886, quoted by Chiveley, introduction to Lysander Spooner, I/51.

ANARCHISM: If a total anarchism ever were to exist, there would be no politics, no governing, no statesmanship.” - LIBERTY, Summer 75. - Why insist on any kind of absolutism, no only for oneself but for all others, too? Why not be satisfied with anarchism for anarchists only and any kind of archism for archists? - JZ 1/76. - Even the Protestants ultimately agreed upon their kinds of Protestantism for their kinds of people while leaving Catholic beliefs and practices and other religions and faiths to their believers. - JZ, 26.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: if I am pushed, I would admit to wanting virtually NO government.” - Thomas Paine, 1792, from The Rights of Man. - NO GOVERNMENT, NO TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT, NO GOVERNMENT OVER OTHERS THAN VOLUNTEERS

ANARCHISM: If the word ‘anarchism’, as a name for the attempt to effect changes away from the centralized and institutional towards the social and ‘life-oriented’ society, carries irrational implications, or suggests a preconceived ideology either of man or of society, modern intellectuals may hesitate to accept it. No branch of science can afford to ally itself with revolutionary fantasy, with emotionally determined ideas of human conduct, or with psychopathic attitudes.” – Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, p.108/109, 1950, 1970, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print & off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. Only his “The Joy of Sex” has recently reappeared in a revised and improved edition. - JZ, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISM: In every age, anarchists have come forward to argue that subjection to a state is a form of slavery not to be tolerated by free men.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.193. - STATE

ANARCHISM: In the fewest words, anarchism teaches that we can live in a society where there is no compulsion of any kind. - A life without compulsion naturally means liberty; it means freedom from being forced or coerced, a chance to lead the life that suits you best. - You cannot lead such a life unless you do away with the institutions that curtail your liberty and interfere with your life. the condition that compels you to act differently from the way you would like to.” - Alexander Berkman, Now and After, 1928. - Only the territorial State does constitutionally and habitually interfere with the affairs of its internal and external dissenters. Only the exterritorial State or society does not constitutionally and habitually interfere with the lives of others than its own voluntary members. - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: In this discussion Read reaffirms his view of anarchism as the form of social organization which gives full play to the individual’s creative spontaneity in closest harmony with his own nature and with physical nature.” - Editor Marshall S. Shatz in The Essential Works of Anarchism, on Herbert Read’s “Existentialism, Marxism and Anarchism”.

ANARCHISM: Is anarchism attacking all kinds of hierarchical organizations or only organizations which are essentially coercive? The coercion might merely be expressed already by compulsory membership or exclusive territorial organization. Hierarchies might be accepted, to some extent, by volunteers, as e.g. among the Freemasons. For them it is not wrong. Because of their voluntary membership, they are not coerced or ruled against their will. Voluntary hierarchies are tolerable, at least in others. Involuntary or imposed hierarchies are intolerable, for anarchists and statists alike, as soon as they become aware of the panarchistic alternatives. - JZ, 25.1.93. – HIERARCHIES, COERCION

ANARCHISM: It can be expressed basically as running our own lives instead of being pushed around.” - ANARCHIST AGE WEEKLY REVIEW, No. 396, of 17-222 April 2,000. - That is a much better definition than that usually supported by that publication and group. - JZ, 30.1.02.

ANARCHISM: It is either anarchism or herding and being herded. - JZ, 16.11.82, 25.1.93. – However, some forms of enforced egalitarian “anarchism” are even worse than the present statist and territorial authoritarianism, which recognized at least some limited property rights. –JZ, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISM: Laissez faire capitalism means ‘hands off’ in terms of economic life. Anarchy means “hands-off” in legal and political life.” - Wolf de Voon, The Case for Anarchy, 1988. - Consistent laissez faire practices should be extended into all spheres, political, economic as well as social arrangements, even of those people, who are opponents of laissez faire. In their own internal affairs they should be free to rule or mis-rule themselves as much as they like. Full anarcho-capitalism, competition, freedom of contract, market relationships, free enterprise and freedom of association – even for the great variety of statists. Let them do their things – to themselves, religiously! - JZ, 31.1.02, 3.11.08. - LAISSEZ FAIRE, ANARCHO-CAPITALISM, PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Lively mental activity within the circles of anarchists is the precondition for ever further success.” - St. Ch. Waldecke, Gedanken ueber Anarchie. - As opposed to the notion that our only task is to “spread the message”. Or the practice of the endless repetition of slogans and definitions, without bothering to think seriously about them. - JZ, 25.9.02.

ANARCHISM: Lizzie M. Holmes argued, there is really very little difference of opinion between ‘a Communist-Anarchist who advocates voluntary association on a communist basis, but who would not force any one to live that sort of life, and an Individualist Anarchist who believes in liberty and would not prevent the organization of any number of voluntary communistic societies.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.262. - To become panarchists, they would have to become tolerant towards different voluntary archist communities, too. And only when they become so tolerant may they actually get the chance to practise their favourite kind of anarchy among themselves. - JZ 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Many American colonies had no established government 1776-79. ‘Order and harmony were preserved.’ Tom Paine observed. (*) Franklin warned local delegates to form new governments before the citizens noticed they didn’t need them. The secret almost got out. Government isn’t needed, at all! It’s the problem!” - Stormy Mon, A Liberty Book, 90. – Slavery went on. The Red Indians were not any better treated. (*) In the monetary sphere governmental monetary despotism still prevailed, with its usual disastrous consequences, partly transmitted to our times by the proverb: “Not worth a continental.” See P. Webster’s writings on this, micro-filmed by LMP. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Merely political anarchism without economic anarchism or full economic freedom amounts merely to another form of authoritarianism, coercion, compulsion, confiscation and distribution of property and earnings. – JZ, 15.3.05. – However, whatever anti-economic actions, rules, systems and institutions volunteers want to apply among themselves should be their own affair. Maybe at least some of them will soon learn from their own mistakes. – JZ, 15.3.05, 29.10.07. - SOCIALISM, LEFT ANARCHISM & COMMUNIST ANARCHISM & ECONOMIC FREEDOM OR ECONOMIC ANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Most anarchist writings were written in ignorance of most other anarchist writings and their different ideas, opinions and observations. – JZ, 5.12.98. – They were also written, MOSTLY, in ignorance of genuine economics and of panarchism. – JZ, 21.9.08, 20.1.13.

ANARCHISM: Most anarchists have still to study and comprehend the anarchism of laissez faire economics and free markets and of consumer sovereignty and competitive free enterprise and anarcho-capitalism among propertarians, individuals, volunteers, contractors. Alas, they show no interest in such liberties but, out of ignorance, fear, prejudices, wrong premises and errors, only hate and loathing! - JZ, 19.5.01, 29.1.02. - LAISSEZ FAIRE OR FREE MARKET ECONOMICS, ECONOMIC RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES

ANARCHISM: Most anarchists seem to suffer from a pathological hatred of freedom when it comes to forms of free market, laissez faire or capitalist anarchism or anarcho-capitalism and individualism. Then their egalitarianism, communism, socialism and collectivism gets the upper hand over their striving for freedom and they interpret freedom as monopoly and power or as a danger rather than a way to achieve solutions. Here their dogmatism, prejudices, errors and myths prevail over their wish to learn and understand. They are in this respect mere sectarians or fundamentalists and a threat rather than a support for liberty and rights. - JZ, 21.5.01, 29.1.02. - FREEDOM, LAISSEZ FAIRE, LIBERTARIANSIM, FREE MARKETS, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, INDIVIDUALISM, FREE CHOICE, VOTING WITH ONE’S DOLLARS, HATE, EGALITARIANISM, ENVY, STATE SOCIALISM, ETATIST ANARCHISTS

ANARCHISM: Most of the anarchist secondary or supplementary hypotheses, theories and dogmas are wrong, just like most of them are wrong in what passes now as economic, political, social, psychological, astronomical and religious “sciences”. – JZ, 12.2.92, 21.9.08. – THEORIES, HYPOTHESES, DOGMAS, PREJUDICES

ANARCHISM: Much of modern anarchism is to anarchism what modern art is to art: confusion, chaos, senseless displays and pretences, instead of realism and natural order and harmony. - JZ, 1/11/81, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Nature acts without masters.” - Hippocrates. - It does not even impose any uniform territorial rule. It allows any living thing to live anywhere that it can manage to live. - JZ, 11.2.02. - PANARCHISM, GOVERNMENT, MASTERS, LEADERS, RULERS, POLITICIANS, NATURE

ANARCHISM: Neither for Mackay, nor for us, is it merely a matter of faith that one day non-domination, our ideal, will exist. We know that it CAN exist, if only at least a strong minority is capable of clear and independent (free of ideology) thinking and finally perceives what anarchism is in reality, namely, the peaceful SIDE-BY-SIDE of very different relationships, on the only basis which makes this possible: the mutual renunciation of aggressive force (violence and coercion), and of suppression, exploitation and domination. We know, likewise, that this condition is not possible while the existing ideologies go on brutally fighting and possibly mutually exterminating each other (as was tried by America in Vietnam) (*). And as long as those, who believe that they have an ‘alternative’ to offer, want to make their ideology into a general measure for all (against the will of others), Anarchism will need all the more time to realise its social order.” - LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, No. 5. – (*) Much more systematically by the Vietnamese communists against their opponents! – JZ – PANARCHISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM & TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT COMMUNITIES OF VOLUNTEERS

ANARCHISM: Neither God nor Master!” - Bakunin. – Rather: To each only the “God” or “master” of his or her own free choice – if any! – JZ, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISM: No domination, no authority, no State!“ – (“Ohne Herrschaft, ohne Obrigkeit, ohne Staat.”) - Slogan at the „Open Mind Festival“, near Cologne, 1986. - With this limited ideal the anarchists have still nothing to show for. – (Mit dieser beschraenkten Idee koennen die Anarchisten immer noch keinen “Staat” machen.) - Neither domination nor authority nor any State to be un-asked-for, by individuals. But by all means let us have competing States and competing stateless societies, all of them only for volunteers and limited to exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 25.1.93. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS

ANARCHISM: Now, free market anarchism does not assert that the absence of government is a sufficient condition for the existence of freedom and justice, but rather that the absence of government is a necessary condition for the existence of freedom and justice. This is claimed on the following grounds: (1) aggression is the antithesis of both freedom and justice; (2) a government is an institution that attempts to exercise monopolistic control of certain activities by means of aggression against some or all of its subjects. - Free market anarchism advocates the replacement of government by competitive private agencies engaging in the legitimate activities that are now controlled by the government. Such activities include the arbitration and resolution of disputes, the insuring and enforcement of contracts, the certification of ownership claims (to land, other natural resources, literary works, inventions, etc.), the provision of insurance, protection and defence against aggression, and the rectification of injustices caused by aggression...” - Louis A. Rollins, Reply to C. J. Wheeler, THE PERSONALIST.

ANARCHISM: Of all that is interpreted or misinterpreted as anarchism or somehow linked to it, most is of no interest to me and has nothing to do with anarchism - as I see it. However, to each his own kind of system, law, constitution, social contract, society, community or governance system. - JZ, 10.3.01, 31.1.02, 20.1.13.

ANARCHISM: One must choose between force or numbers, or society would collapse at once into anarchy.” - Thomas Earle to George Bradburn, April 12, 1846, Spooner Papers, N.Y. Historical Society. - A good argument for anarchism, this! If one would not merely choose between force and numbers, society would at once advance into anarchy. - JZ, 12/76.

ANARCHISM: Only under anarchism can anyone live undisturbed - in accordance with the requirements of his religion, morality and ideology - within those limits only drawn by the equal liberty for all.” - Solneman: K. H. Zube, in LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, No. 2, p.7.

ANARCHISM: Opponents of Arshinov accused him of ‘party anarchism’.” - Paul Avrich, The Russian Anarchists, p.242. - This would not be as absurd as it sounds, provided this party aimed only at exterritorial autonomy for itself and all other parties. Compared with this only the usual attempt of each party to territorially dominate all other parties, is wrongful, irrational and even absurd. - JZ, 25.1.93, 5.11.08. - PARTIES

ANARCHISM: Propertarian anarchism” - L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, 1980, p.129. - First use of the term? - PROPERTARIAN ANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Proudhon defined it as a system “based not on force but on contract.”. - The General Idea of the Revolution in the 19th Century. - PANARCHISM, FORCE, COMPULSION, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, SELF-CHOSEN VS. IMPOSED TERRITORIAL UNIFORMITY

ANARCHISM: RESISTANCE took the stance that anarchism is not so much a political theory as it is a feeling of confidence regarding the social potential of people.” - David Thoreau Wiek, in: Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.545. - In one way at least, regarding their beloved rulers, the non-anarchists seem to have much more and quite unwarranted confidence regarding the social potential of people. - Regarding these rulers it has been said: “No one is good enough to rule another one without his consent.” - At most we are able to rule ourselves well enough and to set an example to others. - JZ, 26.1.93.  – CONSENT, VOTING, VOLUTARISM

ANARCHISM: Sane, sober anarchist center.” – A term coined by Murray N. Rothbard and quoted in Ulrike Heider, Die Narren der Freiheit, p. 136. – Alas, even he, with his voluntarism, market knowledge and laissez faire capitalism, was not a consistent panarchist. – JZ, 21.9.08.

ANARCHISM: Some anarchists believe in syndicalism under which workers own and control their factories. (*) Other anarchists emphasise decentralized power and community decision-making. Still others believe in laissez-faire economics and the ability of the free market to efficiently coordinate the productive activities of free men. All anarchists oppose authority and stand on the side of more personal freedom and autonomy on every issue.” - Rod Manis, in the anthology: Outside Looking In, p.415. - The choice of a monarchy or of a limited, republican or democratic government for oneself and among like-minded people, would also be a non-authoritarian and free and autonomous choice, one not to be forcefully blocked for anyone and by anyone. – - (*) Collectively, their whole industries or individual enterprises only? - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Some would make the government the be-all and end-all of society; others would deny all place for government...” – G. C. Roche III, Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.199. - Panarchism would provide a framework, resting only upon some basic common principles and practices, for all voluntary and exterritorially autonomous and competing self-governments of volunteer groups, too, in addition to all kinds of competitive, cooperative or fraternal free societies which are wanted by and for their voluntary members. All on the basis of personal laws only, i.e. limited to exterritorial autonomy for their more or less dispersed members, living intermixed with members of other such communities in the same territories. If you want to, you could consider such personal and voluntary and competing and limited governments as being merely free societies, too. But formally they might retain all but their compulsory membership and territorial sovereignty. And if they tried to go beyond that, then one should attack only these features, not the voluntaristic remainders. - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: strives for the free, unhindered unfolding of the individual and social forces in life.” - Rudolf Rocker.

ANARCHISM: That organization of society in which the Free Market operates freely, without taxes, usury, landlordism, tariffs (*), or other forms of coercion or privilege. RIGHT ANARCHISTS predict that in the Free Market people would voluntarily choose to compete more often than to cooperate. LEFT ANARCHISTS predict that in the Free Market people would voluntarily choose to cooperate more often than to compete.” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.72. - (*) Even the inserted requirements should be irrelevant to anarchists who are primarily voluntarists and self-managing. If they want outlaw interest or to increase it among them, have landlords or do without them, have tariffs or do without them, have union coercion and privileges among them or are happy without them, all these and other options should be quite up to exterritorially autonomous volunteers. - JZ, 25.9.02. – Cooperation is also a form of competition while competition is also a form of cooperation: All participants strive to provide better goods and services. – JZ, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISM: The absence of or complete disregard for government. It philosophically springs from the individualism of man and often contends that ‘government’ is man’s greatest enemy.” - Glen G. Cooper, Contemporary Realism, p.26.

ANARCHISM: The aim should not be to endlessly reinvent or repeat the old anarchist ideas, largely in ignorance of their discussions in the past, because they are rarely accessible in reprints, but to build upon them, to the extent that they are sound and to refute the unsound ones among them. Anarchism should thus continue to grow from its traditions, at least well as the Talmud did. That could be promoted by many more alphabetized handbooks and encyclopaedias than are presently offered. Further: all the old texts, published and out of print or still unpublished, could and should be made easily and cheaply accessible, by a handful of anarchist activists, on microfilm, floppies & CDs, if they cannot afford to offer them in print or via e-mail or online. - JZ, 2.7.86, 25.1.93, 25.9.02..

ANARCHISM: The Anarchists are simply unterrified Jeffersonian Democrats. They believe that ‘the best government is that which governs least,’ and that which governs least is no government at all.” - Benjamin Tucker – DEMOCRACY – Even if a territorial government confined itself to prescribing only decent table-manners or polite ways of addressing other people, it would still be a government, although, admittedly, one much preferable to those forms we have now. – JZ, 3.11.08.

ANARCHISM: The Anarchists are therefore justified in assuming that anarchism - the absence of government - will ensure the widest and greatest scope for unhampered human development, the cornerstone of true social progress and harmony.” - Emma Goldman, What I Believe, p.6.

ANARCHISM: The Anarchists conceive a society in which all the mutual relations of its members are regulated, not by laws, not by authorities, whether self-imposed or elected, but by the mutual agreements between the members of that society, and by a sum of social customs and habits - not petrified by law, routine, or superstition, but continually developing and continually readjusted, in accordance with the ever-growing requirements of a free life, stimulated by the progress of science, invention, and the steady growth of higher ideals. No ruling authorities, then. No government of man by man; no crystallisation and immobility, but a continual evolution - such as we see in nature.” - Peter Kropotkin, Modern Science and Anarchism, 1913. - Mix in voluntarism and exterritorial autonomy for all groups and communities that want it, not only for various anarchists or libertarians, and you arrive at panarchism. - JZ, 26.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: The blind drive which enlists science into the services of power has, in this stage of historical development, invented the atomic bomb as an instrument of war and destruction. This invention has relegated to the garbage heap perhaps 90% of the rationalisations of so-called sociological theory or knowledge being taught by the brainwashed and terrorised so-called educators in the respective regimes in which they happen to reside. There is only one social philosophy which has emerged unscathed and actually vindicated by this development, and this is Anarchism, a social philosophy hardly over a century old.” - Laurance Labadie, Selected Essays, p.40. - NUCLEAR WEAPONS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, ATOMIC BOMB.

ANARCHISM: The conviction that anarchism begins and ends with liberty is the central theme of this study and the essential foundation of the definition of anarchism to follow.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.2.

ANARCHISM: the denial of all human and ‘divine’ authority over the individual person.” - Mark A. Sullivan, writing on Labadie. (J. or L. Labadie?)

ANARCHISM: The doctrine that all the affairs of men should be managed by individuals or voluntary associations, and that the State should be abolished.” - Benjamin R. Tucker, 1888.

ANARCHISM: The farthest left you can go, historically at any rate, is anarchism - the total opposition to any institutionalised power, a state of completely voluntary social organization (*) in which people would establish their ways of life in small, consenting groups, and cooperate with others as they see fit.” - Karl Hess, Dear America, 12. - Voluntary associations are not necessarily small and local only. They can be international and have millions of members. The Catholic Church, for instance, is and has. - E.g. a society of free traders. - (*) A State of completely voluntary social organization, or, rather, several of them in the same territory! – These communities need not be small, they may even be very large and world-wide. - JZ, 26.1.93. - JZ, 26.3.93, 5.1.08. – LEFT & RIGHT, TOLERANCE, EXTERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: The hyphenated brands which have usurped the name of anarchism seem to have overlooked the fundamental essence of the anarchistic philosophy, that it is not a system or form of organization (each of which necessarily requires rules or ‘government’) but implies a no-rule or anarchic order. That is, the liberty to try every form of association which voluntary participants may deem workable for their purpose.” - Laurance Labadie, DANDELION, Winter 78. - Here he comes close to panarchism. - JZ - PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, INTOLERANCE, TOTALITARIANISM

ANARCHISM: The idea of anarchism stems from the proposition that freedom is impossible were an established order is imposed upon people from above.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.186, on John Beverley Robinson.

ANARCHISM: The idea of the perfectibility of man, and of his development towards a god-like being, leads, indeed, towards a belief in a future anarchistic society between humans, whether via his descendants or personal immortality or via personal conversion or re-birth. - JZ, 23.6.87, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: The optimism of anarchism has been (on the whole) the optimism of people who have found it easy to love and feel sympathy and do justice ... But what is the case with the brothers?” - David Wiek, ANARCHY 8. - The unfounded optimism for universal anarchism ought to be replaced by the much more realistic: anarchism for anarchists and archies for archists. - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: The Paradox of Anarchism. “The highest perfection of society is found in the union of order and anarchy.” – Proudhon, in Social Relations and Freedom, Modern Publishers, Indore. – ORDER, HARMONY, CHAOS

ANARCHISM: the philosophy of a new social order based on liberty unrestricted by man-made law; the theory that all forms of government rest on violence, and are therefore wrong and harmful, as well as unnecessary.” - Emma Goldman, as quoted by Fred Woodworth in his booklet “Anarchism”. - “... but the idea of Anarchism - that human society would be better off not having governments - did not originate with Emma Goldman, or, properly speaking, any other single person we are today aware of. There have been people of a more or less anarchistic leaning in every era and place, although the actual word ‘anarchy’, compounded out of Greek root-words meaning ‘without rule’, was coined comparatively recently.” - Fred Woodworth: Anarchism. - As a popular term for “chaos” or “disorder”, “anarchy” is much older and this meaning still predominates in public opinion, in spite of all anarchistic propaganda to spread the anarchistic interpretation of anarchy as representing natural order through natural liberties. Seeing that this anarchist propaganda was so ineffective for so long, against a common or popular understanding and use of the term “anarchy”, other terms, less likely to be misunderstood, would seem advisable. - JZ, 26.1.93. - Actually, that is a very ancient order for human societies. Only man-made territorial laws need total rejection, apart from quarantine arrangements and rules on right or left-hand driving. A girl in Berlin, who hates all cars, wanted that rule abolished, too, to slow the beasties down! And why should any government formed only by volunteers and remaining supported only by volunteers and ruling only over them, be abolished for them? They ought to be established, rather than abolished - for the present majorities of statists in all nations. They may not be up to the highest moral standards and they may also do some wrong to their members, considered objectively, and they would be objectively unnecessary, but since they would be subjectively sanctioned by their victims, individually, i.e. operate with their unanimous consent, what right would outsiders have to abolish them? They may, indeed, constitute and practice all the liberties they can presently comprehend and handle. States so limited may be the classrooms and workshops necessary for their maturation into free human beings. Abolitionism towards the beloved institutions of most others can only lead to the continued unpopularity and suppression of anarchists. It would be as wrong as abolishing all freely competing schools for infants and children. Do not even try abolish the beloved institutions of others, for you do not have the right to do so and in the attempt you might do yourself more harm than you would to them. Instead, opt out of their associations, to do your own things among yourselves and do defend your right and opportunity to do so. To a limited extent, but only for different anarchies for different anarchists, most anarchists have always recognized that, F. W., too. - JZ, 26.1.93

ANARCHISM: The road to anarchism and to limited governments leads through panarchism, in the same way as atheism, agnosticism, rationalism, humanism and free thinking could only become widespread after religious liberty or tolerance was finally achieved. - JZ, 23.10.81, 26.1.93. -LIMITED GOVERNMENT, PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: The State is the chief cause of anarchism.” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus II, p.129. – The territorial State ruling over involuntary members is. – JZ, 5.11.08. –

ANARCHISM: The struggle between libertarian and authoritarian groups in radical movements has a long history. Libertarians have usually been anarchists, while authoritarians have usually been state socialists. - Anarchists believe that it is a moral imperative for all governments and other institutions of violence and coercion, to be abolished and replaced by a system of voluntary association. They oppose all violations of individual rights and see the governments as the greatest violators of all. In place of the present systems, in which some men ruler others, anarchists would substitute any and all forms in which people freely agree to live and work together.” - Rod Manis, in the anthology Outside Looking In, p.414. - PANARCHISM.

ANARCHISM: The theory that all forms of government are undesirable.” - Webster’s New World Dictionary of the American Language. - I would merely add “territorial” before “governments”. That they would then have to become voluntaristic and autonomous, but autonomous only with regard to the affairs of their voluntary members, would automatically follow from this. Without territorial organization and powers, governments would essentially be reduced to voluntary and competitive associations of like-minded people, just like anarchies. Their aims and practices might differ but not their voluntaristic structure and their exterritorial status. They would all be peaceful by definition. Only compulsory membership and monopoly powers over territories makes governments aggressive, internally and externally. - If any game is worth playing, it will find sufficient volunteers. Nobody should be conscripted into and forced to contribute to any political game or economic or social system not of his own choosing. - JZ 26.1.93.

ANARCHISM: The theory that all government is evil.” - The Merriam-Webster Pocket Dictionary. - Again, the voluntary and competing and exterritorial government options are overlooked. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: The threat to the statists of an involuntary anarchism, which they perceive as a chaos, might terrorize the archists even more than the anarchists are now terrorized by being subjected to involuntary archism or statism through the territorial utopias of the archists or statists. Why be so nasty to each other? When you can’t convince each other, the only practicable and peace-promoting and just thing is to leave each other alone. To each the government or non-governmental society of his or her dreams! - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: The trouble is not that anarchism does not work but that anarchists do not work, sufficiently, to promote and realize it - primarily only among themselves, their own and like-minded volunteers, in an anarchist way. This requires, that they would only operate in a voluntary way, leaving statism to statists and confining themselves to exterritorial autonomy for themselves and tolerating it for all those, who do not agree with them. Instead, they aim to territorially impose anarchism on the majority of territorial statists. This is an attempt that in most instances defeats itself. – JZ, 24.11.96, 21.9.08 – TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL

ANARCHISM: The true sceptic is constrained to pass on beyond tolerance to the final redoubt of all political agnostics: anarchism.” - B. R. Barber, Superman & Common Men, p.92. - I see neither true scepticism as the only trail to anarchism, nor political agnosticism as the only possible and final redoubt of anarchism. That is no more than her own limited and perhaps unique point of view of anarchism. - JZ, 26.1.93. & SCEPTICISM

ANARCHISM: To be an anarchist does not mean to overthrow the State with coercion and force but to discard coercion and force as means to maintain social order.” - W. O. Reichert, Anarchism, Freedom and Power, retranslated from the German version. - NONVIOLENCE, ORDER

ANARCHISM: To the extent that a free market relationships do already exists they are anarchistic, exterritorial and voluntaristic. To the extent that anarchism already exists it is expressed in voluntary free market, free choice and free contract relationships for individuals and their free associations in all spheres. – JZ, 13.2.98, 21.9.08, 3.11.10. - FREE MARKETS, POVERTY, RICHES, PROPERTY RIGHTS, ANTI-MONOPOLISM

ANARCHISM: Too much of the somewhat popular leftist anarchism is nothing but a set of religious, fashionable or ideological prejudices combined with a great degree of ignorance and dislike of learning what needs to be learnt, e.g. sound economics. – JZ, 12.2.98, 21.9.08. – LEARNING, ENLIGHTENMENT, KNOWLEDGE, INTEREST, PREJUDICES

ANARCHISM: True anarchism will be capitalism. True capitalism will be anarchism.” – Murray N. Rothbard, quoted in THE NEW BANNER, 25.2.72. – As if true anarchism, the essence of voluntarism, would not have room and opportunity for communism and any other form of collectivism and statism - to be also freely practised among their volunteers, as long as they really want to. – Here MNR showed clearly, that he did not yet think like a panarchist. However, under panarchism the remaining and voluntaristic State communism, State socialism or State capitalism of e.g. the Soviet Union and Red China would have developed much faster into genuine free enterprise or laissez-faire capitalism then they did and do under territorialism. – But, like the nunneries and monasteries under religious freedom, a few communistic communities of volunteers might remain or become newly experimented with for a long time, doing their things to themselves, even when their members are surrounded by the various free societies of panarchism. A kind of mental atavism will see to that. They would serve as enlightening and deterrent examples to others. JZ, 21.9.08. – CAPITALISM, PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Voluntary cooperation’ is a more accurate rendition of anarchism.” - Bob James, LIBERTARIAN POLITICS, 2nd. issue, p.4. - Alas, in this view, according to my experience, he is still almost alone among Australian anarchists. I wish I were wrong about that. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: We are anarchists because: If human beings are fundamentally good, no government is necessary. If human beings are fundamentally bad, any government, being composed of human beings, would be bad also.” - THE MATCH, June 1975.

ANARCHISM: We are struggling for a better and brighter life. Our ideal is to achieve a community of workers, without authority, without parasites, and without commissars. - Our immediate goal is to establish a free soviet regime, without the authority of the Bolsheviks, without the pressure of any party whatever.” - Makhnovitsi, partisan army of the Ukraine, Appeal to the Red Army, 1920. – Did M. ever consider exterritorial autonomy for volunteers? – JZ, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISM: What anarchism is in essence is a belief in a method - the method of ordinary people running their own lives and tackling their own problems by direct, and if needs be, by forceful actions in solidarity with each other.” - Mike Payne, 7.7.91, LIBERTARIAN POLITICS, p. 26.

ANARCHISM: When it comes to governments and armies, I’m pretty much of an anarchist and think least is best in both departments.” - Harry Harrison, The Stainless Steel Rat’s Revenge, Sphere Books, London, 1976, p. 132. - I look forward to a federation of local and autonomous volunteer militias for the protection of individual rights as the largest and most useful armed force the world has ever seen. However, I would like to see, and that would be one of the consequences of such militias, the dissolution of all standing armies of territorial governments. - JZ, 25.1.93.

ANARCHISM: Why does the anarchy in the New World please me so much? Everyone lives according to his choice. That is also to my advantage. I leave everyone alone in order to be able to live my life.” - Goethe. - ANARCHISM: Why, in the new world, does anarchy please me so well? Everyone lives according to his ideas, that is also to my advantage. I leave everyone to his endeavor, so that I can also live my kind of life.“ – Goethe, Sprueche in Reimen, JZ rough tr. of: “Warum mir aber in neuester Welt // Anarchie gar so wohl gefaellt? // Ein jeder lebt nach seinem Sinn, // Das ist nun also auch mein Gewinn. // Ich lass’ einem jeden sein Bestreben, // Um auch nach meinem Sinn zu leben.“ - PANARCHISM

ANARCHISM: Why is there so little intellectual curiosity among most anarchists for any ideas that somewhat deviate, especially from the collectivist, egalitarian and socialist bias held by most of them? – But then most libertarians do also show a bias against the various kinds of anarchists. – JZ, 1.9.97. – Years ago I drafted an anarchist spectrum of hyphenated forms of anarchism and their opposites. It is on - But, apart from Christian Butterbach’s response to it, I did not even receive a single response, criticism of or supplement to it from any anarchist or archist. – Since then I collected some more entries for it – but, because of lack of response, I have not yet compiled them and submitted them for inclusion. - For libertarians a similar spectrum may still have to be drafted, discussed and developed. I do not know of any attempt to do so. Do you? - It is mainly the insufficient lack of interest in the own affairs that has brought about and helps to maintain all the existing abuses, as Ulrich von Beckerath used to remark repeatedly. – A similar lack of interest exists for private human rights declarations on the road to develop an ideals one. – Can anyone explain or justify this kind of lack of interest to me? – A libertarian ideas archive, and libertarian current projects list as well as a libertarian directory indicating special interests, would at least show, accessibly, what kind of interests do exist in the movement. – The Internet has not yet sufficiently shown and interconnected them. - JZ, 21.9.08. - INTELLECTUAL CURIOSITY OR THE LACK OF IT

ANARCHISM: Winston Churchill’s saying that democracy is a very bad form of government, but that the others are much worse, not realising that he was, in effect, endorsing anarchism.” – SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 4/79. - DEMOCRACY

ANARCHISM: Without sufficient economic knowledge and interest anarchism amounts mostly only to a kind of sectarian communism. - JZ, 27.5.02, 20.8.02. - COMMUNISM, ANARCHIST COMMUNISM, COMMUNIST ANARCHISM, ECONOMIC KNOWLEDGE

ANARCHISM: You are a willful old woman! said O’wa disgustedly. It was the strongest protest that Bushman tradition allowed him. He could not command her, he could not forbid her, A Bushman could only advise another, he had no rights over his fellows, amongst them there were no chiefs nor captains, and all were equal, men and women, young and old.” – Wilbur Smith, The Burning Shore, p. 244. – Why did they not, with their peacefulness and ethics develop a technological civilization, capital, high productivity and a high living standard? Perhaps because they were not warlike and were thus driven, like the Eskimos, and Hopi Indians, into so unfertile regions that mere survival activities occupied all their energies? – If they had managed to accumulate wealth then they and it would then, probably, also not have been safe from their warlike neighbors. – JZ, 21.9.08. - CIVILIZATION, POLITENESS, GENTLENESS, “PRIMITIVES”, NON-VIOLENCE, NON-DOMINATION, MANNERS, EQUALITY, RIGHTS, INDIVIDUALISM, BUSHMEN

ANARCHIST: A believer in Anarchism; one opposed to all forms of coercive government and invasive authority; an advocate of Anarchy, or absence of government, as the ideal of political liberty and social harmony.” - Fred Woodworth: Anarchism. – With territorial governments all coercive governments, over others than their own volunteers, would disappear. Anarchists would have no reason to attack SUCH governments but should simply set them better examples of human communities and societies. Thereby they would speed up their disappearance by one individual after the other seceding from them and choosing one or the other freedom alternative for themselves. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: According to Mr. Herzog even these people (*) are not anarchists at all but ANARCHLINGS. The true anarchist, he points out, rebels against any and all kinds of authority. He wants to sink the boat, not merely rock it. The anarchling, or little anarchist, is merely in flight from mass society and all its works. ‘One kind of anarchling’, he says, ‘is to be found sipping carrot juice at a health bar during his lunch hour, with a copy of THE LAST WHOLE EARTH CATALOGUE...” - Mr. Arthur Herzog, an American who was once consultant to the Peace Corps, PUNCH, 3.9.75. – (*) Above there was a reference to “real” Britain’s anarchists, publishing papers like BLACK FLAG, FREEDOM and HEATWAVE – JZ, n.d.

ANARCHISTS: According to their press efforts: There were and are many anarchist publications. But only few of them showed many insights and thoughts or made worthwhile proposals or offered realistic programmes. What applies to all other general ideas or ideals offered applies to them, too: “95% of Everything Is Crap!” All of the remaining 5% has so far not been brought together, anywhere and by anyone and in any medium. - JZ, 29.3.91, 27.1.93. – Not to my all too limited knowledge, anyhow. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: All too many of the anarchists of the left are all too much on the side of the criminals and rationalise their victims into exploiters and their crimes into acts of liberation. Often they collect books to be donated to imprisoned criminals. I never heard of them collecting books to be donated to the victims of criminals. Does anyone prosecuted by the State thereby become more holy than others? - JZ, 8.7.82, 27.1.93. – CRIMINALS & THEIR VICTIMS

ANARCHISTS: Among anarchists there cannot be active and passive members. Only insofar as someone can be active for anarchism , can he be an anarchist at all.” - St. Ch. Waldecke, Gedanken ueber Anarchie, 3. - So he would expect all anarchists in dictatorships and totalitarian countries to become active - and thus suicidal. That can only be the statement of - an armchair anarchist! - JZ, 27.1.93. - ACTIVISM

ANARCHISTS: Among anarchists there cannot be active and passive members. Only insofar as someone can be active for anarchism , can he be an anarchist at all.” - St. Ch. Waldecke, Gedanken ueber Anarchie, 3. - So he would expect all anarchists in dictatorships and totalitarian countries to become active - and thus suicidal. That can only be the statement of - an armchair anarchist! - JZ, 27.1.93. - ACTIVISM

ANARCHISTS: An anarchist is anyone who believes in less government than you do.” – Robert LeFevre – JOKE – According to this, e.g. all the “limited government” advocates would also be anarchists rather than limited territorial statists, authoritarians and governmentalist. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: An anarchist is one who rejects all forms of governmental authority.” - Michael Hough, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 10.7.72. - That applies only to the territorial model of government, those which impose their power upon whole population and do not allow dissenters to opt out and live under their own personal laws. With only this territorial State model in mind, anarchists could not even define anarchism properly. - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchist: A person more interested in his own fate than in who gets elected to Congress.” - Warren Goldberg.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchist: One who disaffiliates himself from the machinations of society and government in order to fulfil his personal quest.” - Eugene E. Brussel. - I would rather say: One who disaffiliates himself from the machinations of the Great Machine (the State of Spencer) in order to reduce all his “external relations” to voluntary relations with other individuals or free societies. – JZ, n.d.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchist: “One who doesn’t have to have a cop to make him behave.” - Ammon Hennecy, THE VOLUNTARYIST, 4/89.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchist: One who advocates the separation of Existence and State. A Thoreau-going Jeffersonian Democrat. A slave of anarchism. One who does his duty to Durruti.” - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon.

ANARCHISTS: anarchists and anti-authoritarian socialists, who alike attached a very great importance to the spontaneity and initiative of the masses.” – Paul Avrich, The Russian Anarchists. - While at the same time they distrusted the spontaneity and initiative of individuals and minorities, especially when practised by masses of them, as consumers and producers on really free markets. - JZ, 28.6.92.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists and Criminals: By siding with genuine criminals (criminals with victims) some anarchists reveal criminal aspects in their own ideology. - JZ, 8.7.82.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists are generally only too willing to advocate or tolerate secession of individuals or, preferably, anarchist groups, collectives or communities from a State but not the disassociation of individuals from anarchistic societies and communities and their re-association in exterritorially autonomous States of volunteers. Nor are they ready to allow statists to voluntarily remain in exterritorially autonomous States after all anarchists have seceded from them. They do share this basic intolerance in common with statists and, e.g., some orthodox Muslims, who threaten anyone who would dare to secede from Islam with the death penalty. No wonder, they are territorialists and thus intolerantly in favour of the domination of their own ideals over those of all others in “their” territory. - JZ, 24.9.84, 27.1.93. - I find it shocking that even after centuries of large degrees of at least religious liberty or religious tolerance so many people are still not subscribing to it but are, instead, involved in more or less religious wars and civil wars. That there is not a single country in the world in which all liberties are practised, not only religious liberty but also economic, political and social liberty, all only among volunteers - does not help matters at all. - JZ, 25.9.02.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists are people who read each other out of the anarchist movement! – JZ, 27.12.95. – Each anarchist sect believes to be in possession of the only anarchist truths. – That makes them intolerant and authoritarian towards other kinds of anarchists, not only towards all statists. – That voluntarism, combined with exterritorial autonomy has a framework for the peaceful coexistence of all kinds of anarchists, even with all kinds of statists, has mostly escaped their notice. – JZ, 21.9.08. – PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, INTOLERANCE, JOKES

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists can’t win (anarchy for themselves) as long as anarchists are at war even with themselves, instead of being tolerant towards each other and all others when and to the extent that each group is aiming at or doing only its own things for or to its members. - JZ, 20.4.84, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists have so far been their own worst enemies. – JZ, 18.1.95. – And most of them are still unaware of this fact. – JZ, 21.9.08.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists have, mostly, not pondered individual sovereignty, exterritorial autonomy and voluntary associationism and complete voluntarism as essential features of non-governmentalism and free societies. Most do still subscribe to egalitarianism, collectivism, communism, socialism, territorial decentralization, trade unionism, syndicalism etc., really merely secondary choices, as if they were the primary values. They largely ignore consistent mutual tolerance and voluntary opportunities, which would be made possible by exterritorial autonomy under personal laws and rules, the full range of individual rights and liberties, especially in the economic sphere, the importance of free choice and free contracts and of free market relationships between those, who otherwise disagree with each other. – They think and behave all too much like religious sectarians. – But they are not yet as tolerant as most of these have by now become in most countries. - JZ, n.d. & 21.9.08, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists insisted that freedom can be preserved only in small voluntary groups, and that mass participation in the politics of a large state is an impossibility.” - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p. 6. - This is largely true for territorial organisations but not for exterritorial ones. The latter could be larger than large modern States and still consist only of like-minded volunteers. (E.g., like the Catholic Church.) However, the membership might fluctuate in numbers, with ongoing fluctuations of opinions. No one would be bound to stay in them longer than they wanted to, apart from a short and agreed upon withdrawal period. Degrees of participation in political decision-making are all only for those who do want them. Many are ready to subscribe to what they believe to be expert opinions. On the other hand, the individual rights and liberties sphere of voluntary members might be fully utilised by them, according to their anarchistic “constitution” and thus any common and internal “politics” between them would be minimised or even disappear. Among their voluntary members they might only have laissez-faire or the consumer sovereignty and free enterprise competition of a free market, in which each votes with his dollars and anyone would consider any participation of others in his own free choices of this kind, except as a wanted consultant, as an impertinence. Market relationships could one day come to cover the world, without any single “organization”, in which all would “participate”. - JZ, 28.2.88, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists largely agree on the words anarchy and anarchism – but that is almost all they do agree upon. – JZ, 22.12.95. – Their secondary preferences, which they have often turned into their primary one, assure numerous schisms among themselves, which cannot be peacefully settled under territorialism, apart from the limited agreements within the various anarchist sects. – Thus they are not only largely “at war” among themselves but also at war against most of the various sects of the statists. - JZ, 21.9.08, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists of course shared this perception with elitists; large-scale organization necessarily involves oligarchy, particularly in the case of compulsory associations like the State. Instead of welcoming oligarchy, which is the invariable companion of organisation, they rejected both.” - Source? Probably also from David Nicholls, The Pluralist State. - Even if oligarchies were always involved, an oligarchy from which one can individually secede would be different from one which would not permit that. The scope of the organization, the number of its constitutional functions, would also be decisive in judging such an organization and the power of its aristocracy or bureaucracy. Take for instance the constitution of Na Griamel, proposed for the New Hebrides by libertarians. According to my memory and due only to international law requirements, they were just to have two powers: passports and international postal services. Hardly an aristocracy in the usual sense. As for defence preparations, to the extent that they might still be needed: They might be taken over by autonomous local militias of volunteers for the protection of individual rights and their international federation. Their officers would all be elected, recallable and subject to organized disobedience and resistance if they ever gave wrongful orders, and to instant dismissal and replacement. No “aristocratic” powers would be left for them. There might also remain so few “common decisions” to be made in a world-wide panarchy of freedom lovers, that these could be made by referendum - with either postal or electronic voting. The minority of dissenters might opt out. Small, natural and optimal sizes of organisations apply largely only to organizations that do require frequent interactions and cooperation towards a common aim, e.g. some trade or production activity. And if these are properly organised, with all creative energies released and applied, then the job commands, rather an any person. Free Trade and Free Enterprise need specialists but hardly aristocrats. All their specialists are under contract. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists opposed government, not because they disbelieve in punishment of crime and resistance to aggression, but because they disbelieve in compulsory protection.” - Carl Watner, JLS, Fall 77, p.308. - Even protection should not be compulsory, neither for privately organized protection rackets nor for official ones. - JZ, 21.11.82, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists seem to forever merely to define and introduce anarchism to each other or to concentrate on anarchist history and biographies rather than on future anarchist possibilities. – JZ, 14.12.05. – I miss e.g. anarchist full employment, anti-inflation, free trade and housing programs that show enough economic interest and knowledge, an anarchist defence, liberation and revolution program of sufficient tolerance for dissenters who are tolerant towards those anarchists, who confine themselves to doing their own things only among themselves. – Instead of “anarchism only for anarchists” and each type of anarchism only for its volunteers, they aim at anarchism for all people in a territory and thereby they do act as authoritarians and as their own worst enemies. Max Nettlau and Gustav Landauer are among the few exceptions. - JZ, 14.12.05, 30.10.07, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists unite!” - Tony Waters, in “GEGENSCHEIN” No. 11. – Why should they, when they are so different from each other? The only thing they should unite on is tolerance for all kinds of tolerant other anarchists, libertarians and statists. To make that possible they should promote voluntary membership for all of them and the confinement of their communities to exterritorial autonomy. – JZ, 5.11.08. – VOLUNTARISM & TOLERANCE ONLY SHOULD UNITE THEM.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists want real authorities, real laws, real order. - JZ, 22.12.78. - But they are satisfied enough with having them for themselves and being merely optional for all others. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists want to abolish the State and everyone to become or live as anarchists. Panarchists want only to abolish the coercive and monopolistic, i.e., especially, the territorialist features of the State and, otherwise, preserve it but only for the statists. They want only anarchists to live as anarchists, while adherents of all other ideologies would remain free to live according to their personal choices. - JZ, 20.8.89, 27.1.93. – PANARCHISM, WITH TOLERANCE EVEN FOR TOLERANT STATISTS, BASED UPON VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIALISM

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists want to destroy State power, not seize it. Freedom must have a social form, of course, ...” - Bakunin.

ANARCHISTS: anarchists who insist that the current perversions in human behaviour are not due to too little law, but to too much law, pointing out, for example, that it is GOVERNMENTS that have authorised the great majority of the more brutal and massively destructive acts witnessed in this century.” - Beverly Woodward, Reason, Non-violence, and Global Legal Change, p. 154, in: Philosophy, Morality and International Affairs, ed. by Held & Morgenbesser & Nagel, O.U.P., 1974.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists will be able to get along with and ahead in the world only once they have learned to get along with each other as a first step towards achieving a modus vivendi or peaceful coexistence or panarchistic relationship with all those other types of anarchists and with the masses of non-anarchists. - JZ, 29.6.92, 6.11.08, 3.11.10.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchists without economic knowledge and interest are either emotional utopians, mere protesting artists or even, worst of all, authoritarian and coercive activists, misled by one or the other non-anarchistic and anti-freedom and anti-human rights ideology, which they imagine everyone else ought to subscribe to or abide by. Only if and when they do not attempt to rule over and rob all those who disagree with them, i.e., when they only aim at and practice the autonomous management of their own affairs, are they true anarchists, voluntarists, individualists etc. - JZ, 21.6.91, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Anarcho-anarchists ... those who attach no this or that to limit their tolerance ...” - Steve Halbrook, ANARCHY 8. – If only that were really the case! How many of them do advocate exterritorial autonomy for volunteers not only for the various kinds of anarchists and libertarians but also for all kinds of statists? – JZ, 3.11.10

ANARCHISTS: Anarcho-Biocosmicists: According to Maksimov, the Universalists who had rejoiced in the outbreak of the Kronstadt insurrection, were succeeded by a more subservient group called the ‘Anarcho-Biocosmicists’, which pledged unwavering support to the Soviet government and solemnly declared its intention to launch a social revolution ‘in interplanetary space but not upon Soviet territory.’” - Maximoff, The Guillotine at Work, p. 362, in Paul Avrich, The Russian Anarchists, 231. - Under threat for their very lives, by the secret police, I can very well imagine that some anarchists made such statements with a serious face and all kinds of mental reservations. It can save one’s life if one is not taken serious by those in power. Later, when the Soviets wanted to expand their empire into space, too, it might have been less safe to make such remarks. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Anarchy can only exist where people are anarchists and to the extent that they are anarchists.” - St. Ch. Waldecke, Gedanken ueber Anarchie, 3. – That is so self-evident that I wonder why he bothered to state it as a truth. - How many anarchists does it take to form an anarchist society for anarchists? Would statists resist them as much if anarchists proposed separate panarchies for statists instead of abolition of the State even for all statists? Anarchists as advocates for full exterritorial autonomy not only for themselves but for all dissenting minorities could get very many allies and also sympathizers for their own causes, even though not necessarily many subscribers. But by setting themselves up as enemies of all but their own kind and other kinds of anarchists they really set themselves up and become their own worst enemies. Moreover, they are not even very tolerant and well informed about their own varieties of anarchism and split into many directly opposed groups, which I tried to list, shortly, in my anarchist spectrum on - If anarchists took their own varieties seriously enough then they would complete this survey and thoroughly discuss all these differences. This might then make them a bit more tolerant not only among themselves but also towards other freedom lovers, like the various libertarians and even towards all kinds of statist idealists and utopians, - as long as these do not longer insist in a territorial monopoly for themselves. No longer should they declare “the State” to be the enemy, to be abolished, but only the territorial nature and the compulsory membership and compulsory subordination of the State. Without these features all States would, essentially, be reduced to communities of volunteers doing their kinds of things for or to each other – as is their right! – If these statists then regarded all kinds of anarchists and libertarians as mere fools, impractical idealists etc. – suppression of anarchist and libertarian tolerant experiments would be much less likely and tolerance of them much more. Anarchists are only suppressed when they are feared. If the exterritorialist anarchists and libertarians then took the initiative to form an international federation of all suppressed minorities, one that advocated full exterritorial autonomy for all of them, they would find numerous statists allies of all kinds, who would push for this autonomy not only for themselves but as well as for all the diverse anarchists and libertarian “sects” in the same way as all religious believers and non-religious people at one stage stood together in most countries for religious tolerance or religious liberty. In our times its equivalent in the political, economic and social sphere could become very attractive to masses of people, in all their varieties of freedom lovers and governmentalists, especially once the first experiments to e.g. overcome involuntary unemployment and inflation are already successful and widely imitated. Guess who would be successful with such experiments? – Politicians would realize that by getting rid of all their involuntary subjects, often trouble-makers, they could created lasting sinecures for themselves, as long as they have any true believers left. – They could also make cheap and peaceful “conquests” by signing up like-minded people in other countries. A tiny model State could become a world-wide one – for its volunteers. – There are already many large territorial States that have members from over 100 diverse ethnic groups, nationalities and religious, e.g. the USA, Russia, Canada and Australia. – International Corporations or Multinationals have shown, just like the large churches, that they can have members in numerous other countries. - JZ, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISTS: Archism over all criminals with victims. Anarchism for non-invasive people. - JZ 1981, 27.1.93. - States for statists, anarchism for anarchists and thus panarchies for both - and all others, according to their personal choices. - JZ, 27.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ANARCHISTS: As an individualist anarchist I disagree with most other anarchists, except that I favour exterritorial autonomy for their volunteer groups as well as for volunteer groups of statists. Even on this tolerance for tolerant actions we do tend to disagree. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: as opponents of any authority and any government.” - This typically wrong definition stresses precisely the wrong and self-defeating aspects of “anarchistic” beliefs. According to this doctrine even individually self-chosen and quite competitive authorities and voluntary associations and their services must be opposed, i.e., those authorities and organizations, which anyone may freely join or refuse to join, patronise or refuse to patronise. Authorities and organisations from which individuals may freely secede are equated with those from which they may not secede. Authorities and organizations in which they are forced to invest and to which they are forced to contribute are equated with those which ask for or levy contributions only from their voluntary members and which invite but do not enforce investments in them. Territorialist coercion and monopolies, extended over whole populations, are equated with exterritorial voluntarism and autonomy for each of a multitude of freely competing or cooperating groups. Such anarchists do not really know their enemies and what is right, rational and efficient for themselves and for others. They have not recognized the voluntary diversity implications of anarchism. In wanting to completely destroy “the” State, an institution obviously still beloved by the majority, consisting of various statists, instead of merely aiming at removing the coercive, monopolistic and exploitative features of States, they unnecessarily provoke all statists and thus turn them from potential allies into bitter enemies. Governments that are merely exterritorially autonomous, individually chosen by their voluntary members and freely competing with each other - and with all non-governmental free societies - are not the enemies at all but are rather potential and numerous and powerful allies against all territorially imposed and monopolistic and coercive governments. We should be almost as eager to promote such voluntary or competing governments as we are in promoting anarchistic communities and networks. For, if you come right down to the essentials, what would be the difference between their frameworks? – And could we not rely upon the long-run attractiveness of rights and liberties and an almost certain development towards liberties, especially when compulsory tax burdens are compared with the tax relief involved in voluntary taxation schemes inherent in all communities of volunteers, whether they are made up or radical freedom lovers or of statists? – It would also be easy to prove how much better off old people would be under the insurance and investment options of free societies. – Compare the degrees of liberty that the USA once offered and which already attracted 50 million immigrants. How many would have come if it had offered complete liberty as a matter of individual choice? How long would it have taken the best freedom models to become widely copied all over the world? - JZ, 19.6.92, 27.1.93, 21.1.13. – , Q., IMMIGRATION TO THE USA

ANARCHISTS: Auberon Herbert is dead. He was a true anarchist in everything but name. How much better (and how much rarer) to be an anarchist in everything but name than to be an anarchist in name only!” - Tucker’s announcement of Herbert’s death in LIBERTY, vol. 15, no. 6, p. 16. - Quoted in Mack’s edition of Auberon Herbert’s writings, p.20.

ANARCHISTS: But all anarchists do agree that the abolition of coercive political authority would liberate us to be genuine social animals; all appeal to a principle of voluntary cooperation, personality, personal freedom, self-realization, are shared values.” - David Wiek, ANARCHY 8.

ANARCHISTS: But many who raise the loudest outcry against state encroachments upon individual or group freedom are the most ardent supporters, or the most complacently tolerant, of other forms of social coercion.” - W. A. Dunning, A History of Political Theories, Recent Times, p.115. - To the extent that they aim to destroy or ignore the property rights of others and to enslave the more productive for the benefit of the less productive people, they do live in a dream-world when they imagine that they could do this merely via non-violent persuasion. - JZ, 27.1.93. – NON-VIOLENCE & PROPERTY RIGHTS

ANARCHISTS: Communism has been and is the opium for most anarchists - because of their ignorance of and disinterest in true economics. - JZ, 10.3.87, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Communist Anarchists and Bolsheviks, Resemblances: Both favour class wars and mass revolutions, collectivism, territorialism, unions, strikes, general strikes. Both are against private property, individualism, voluntarism, profit, monetary freedom, free exchange, free trade, free pricing, free contracts and opposed to individual rights, especially economic individual rights. Both are anti-capitalistic, socialistic and against landlords. Both have some non-violent segments and some violent revolutionaries and terrorists among them. The communist anarchists rather favour decentralized collectives while the Bolsheviks favour a centralisation of State powers. The Bolsheviks are as a rule better organised and self-disciplined, more committed and less hedonistic than the communist anarchists are. - JZ, n.d.

ANARCHISTS: Communist anarchists seem to think that it is obligatory for anarchists not to respect property rights or even to destroy them. Must they be archists over property rights? What is left of the freedom of man when he is deprived of all property rights, even self-ownership? Nothing at all. To that extent communist anarchists are neither anarchists nor freedom lovers but some of the worst statists. However, to the extent that they intend to and practice their anti-property notions only among their voluntary members, they remain anarchists, however self-defeating their actions may become. Maybe they do need this kind of practical self-enlightenment. - JZ, 3/88, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Do anarchists need a practical program for our times? Some anarchists are probably the only ones who could supply such a programme. - JZ, 1986. - PROGRAM

ANARCHISTS: Do you know the man against whom you have most reason to guard yourself? Your looking glass will give you a very fair likeness of his face.” - Richard Whately. – The anarchist response to my anarchist spectrum on has so far been almost zero. They march off in all directions at once, with each believing that he would rightfully lead all the others and they remain even unaware that many to most of the others have other and different aims for themselves. And they do not try to dissolve their differences by subscribing to a common framework that would allow each different group to do its own things. They still subscribe, just like the statists, to territorialism and its inherent intolerance. – Thus they are still involved in their equivalent to religious warfare. - JZ, 6.11.08. - SELF-KNOWLEDGE, TERRITORIALISM & ITS INTOLERANCE

ANARCHISTS: Do you really want to be lumped with all of those calling themselves anarchists? I don’t. - JZ, 7.9.85. – Are you quite tolerant of all the different types of anarchists? If not, then why should you expect archists to be tolerant of all different kinds of anarchists? You are certainly not tolerant of any of the archists. And why not? Because you, like the archists, are still intolerant territorialists, with no other and better model in mind than territorialism! It sets anarchists against each other and against the statists and statists against each other and against the anarchists. It is a prescription for civil war, war or domination and repression only. – JZ, 6.11.08. – TERRITORIALISM & ITS INTOLERANCE

ANARCHISTS: Every reform movement has a lunatic fringe.” - Theodor Roosevelt, Speech, 1913. - Possibly the anarchist movement has a larger lunatic fringe than most other movements. Only the religious movements may exceed them in this. Maybe the basic anarchistic notion of non-domination is interpreted by many to mean: Anything goes! and that would attract the lunatic fringe to the anarchist movement. - JZ, 7.9.85, 22.6.92, 27.1.93. - REFORMERS & LUNATICS

ANARCHISTS: For almost every archist error, myth, dogma and prejudice the various anarchists provide one or even several of their own. – JZ, 29.12.95. – It is thus no wonder that they never got anywhere as yet. They have not even agreed on full experimental freedom for all kinds of anarchists and for all kinds of statists as well, in the same country and even world-wide, which is possible under full exterritorial autonomy for all kinds of voluntary communities. – I do respect and honor the few exceptions from this rule. - JZ, 20.9.08.

ANARCHISTS: harm their own cause more than the non-anarchists do.- JZ, 30.6.92.

ANARCHISTS: He’s no longer a crazy anarchist, a restless rebel, he’s got sense into his head, he’s grown up.” - Oriana Fallaci, A Man, 447. – He is only grown up once he demands no more and no less than full exterritorial autonomy for all kinds of different groups of volunteers, anarchists as well as archists. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHISTS: How many would remain if one were to cut out all those who only bothered to read one or up to 2 dozen anarchist books and managed to ignore all others and, especially, those books refuting many to most of the doctrines in their favorite and all too limited reading matter? Even if they are atheists, they tend to have this limited reading, interest and knowledge in common with most religious people. – JZ, 10.8.99, 21.9.08.

ANARCHISTS: I am also for anarchists: Let them do their own thing - at their own risk and for their own benefit. - JZ 2/75. - Since their economics are mostly wrong, they will either cease to be left wing or communist anarchists or finally learn to appreciate free market economics and become anarcho capitalists or free market anarchists etc. - JZ, 26.1.93, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISTS: I am an anarchist, like any other sensible person”. - Merlyn the magician, in T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, p. 42 &124.

ANARCHISTS: I am not a majority but a minority anarchist. - JZ, 26.9.91.

ANARCHISTS: I consider it terrible that our movement, everywhere, is degenerating into a swamp of petty personal squabbles, accusations & recriminations.” - Alexander Berkman, letter to Senya and Mollie Fleshin. Emma Goldman added a P.S.: “Dear Children, I agree entirely with Sasha. I am sick at heart over the poison of insinuations, charges, accusations in our ranks. If that will not stop, there is no hope for a revival of our movement.” – Paul Avrich, The Russian Anarchists, p.243/4. - That factionalism is the inevitable consequence of most anarchists, in spite of the great diversity of views among them, being able to perceive only an intolerant realisation of anarchism, one on a territorial basis, for themselves and for whole populations. Each anarchist sect wants its particular variation of the faith thus generally realised. With this recipe for disaster they must clash, not only with each other but with all statists, who, if they were also confined to the other model, that of exterritorial autonomy for volunteers only, could become quite tolerable for anarchists, might even become allies. By leaving dissenters and opponents no other way out, no alternative path to their particular sectarian anarchistic and supposedly universal ideal, not universally perceived as such, they demand in practice their unconditional surrender. Instead, they should adopt for quite rightful peace and war aims, not only towards other anarchist faiths but also to all governmental ones - provided the latter are, likewise, organized volunteers only and aim merely at exterritorial autonomy for themselves as well as for all other societies of volunteers. - JZ, 27.1.93. – Alas, this exterritorialist and personal law model for peaceful coexistence remains still largely unknown or unappreciated in the political, economic and social spheres – although it is daily practised by billions of very diverse people in all other spheres, those not monopolized by territorial governments and does essentially merely amount to experimental freedom for all. – JZ, 6.11.08. - SCHISMS, INFIGHTING, FACTIONS, EXTERRITORIALISM & ITS TOLERANCE & PERSONAL LAWS FOR ALL, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMAND OF TERRITORIALISTS

ANARCHISTS: I have known people who, for everything in the world, would not have admitted to be anarchists and who, according to the conduct of their whole lives and by their respect for the freedom of others were, nevertheless, anarchists.” - John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.166.

ANARCHISTS: I know human beings who made themselves familiar with the scientific theory of anarchism to an extent that deserves recognition but who, in their loud aggressiveness trample down the most simple principles of liberty. For them only the own liberty counts. They are individualists but not anarchists.” – John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S..167. – They are not even individualists but merely short-sighted and ignorant egoists and territorial power addicts – for their own intolerant system. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: If only most anarchists had become similarly passionate students of economics! - JZ, 30.3.85. And of the exterritorial and personal law opportunities for mutual tolerance! – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHISTS: Imperial anarchs doubling human woes.” - Byron, 1818, Child Hr. II, XIV. - Did he mean authoritarian anarchists or chaoist emperors? - JZ

ANARCHISTS: In a word, we reject all legislation, all authority, and all privileged, licensed, official, and legal influence, even though rising from universal suffrage, convinced that it can turn only to the advantage of a dominant minority of exploiters against the interests of the immense majority in subjection to them. - This is the sense in which we are really anarchists.” - Michael Bakunin, 1814-1876, in God and the State, 1871. - What he was attacking was, naturally, the territorial, monopolistic, coercive, unified State with an exclusive sovereignty and compulsory membership, which is almost the only one practised then and today. In other words, what he said does not apply to exterritorially autonomous associations of volunteers. - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: In the first or looser sense, an ‘anarchist’ is anyone who does not accept the social dictum that the mere enactment of a law by a government makes obedience to that law morally necessary - and who consequently would resort to passive or even forcible civil disobedience in some circumstances....” – “It is surely possible to believe that the laws and actions of government are justified and morally binding if and only if they correspond to natural law.” - Michael Hough, in LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 10.7.72. – Or if they are freely adopted by volunteers – for their own affairs only. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: Instead of making themselves fundamentally and radically tolerant, in their aims, methods, means and actions, towards all tolerant organizations, aims and practices, they have made themselves, by their own definitions and interpretations and inclinations, extremely intolerant towards all those who disagree with them and want to act differently, even when these dissenters show no aggressive intention or actions against anarchists and anarchistic activities among anarchists. They tacitly or expressly assume that all non-anarchists must inevitably aim at or suppress all anarchistic activities. But that is no more sensible than to assume that every chief cook of a hotel would conspire or act to coercively place his own favourite dish upon every table in the country and force everyone to eat it, too. The fact that most statists are intolerant, even towards tolerant actions, should not make all anarchists likewise intolerant even towards tolerant actions, aims, authorities and organizations. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Is the use of coercion ever justified? Where this question is concerned it might seem that the response of the anarchists will be ‘no’ and that of everyone else ‘of course.’ This does not advance us very far.” - Beverly Woodward, Reason, Non-violence, and Global Legal Change, p. 160, in: Philosophy, Morality and International Affairs, ed. by Held & Morgenbesser & Nagel, O.U.P., 1974. – To each group of volunteers its own and self-chosen constitution, rules, personal law, juridical and penal system! – In case of interactions between different communities of volunteers history shows already several different solutions. More and better ones might still be developed. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: It is also the claim of anarchists that government and States are INVOLUNTARY AND INVASIVE institutions originated and maintained for the purpose of protecting and enforcing antisocial rights.” (*) - Laurance Labadie, Economics and Anarchy,  LIBERTY, Summer 74. – Rather “monopolies” or ‘wrongful claims” rather than “antisocial rights”. – JZ

ANARCHISTS: It is nothing to be proud of when one says that one is an anarchist.” – (“Das ist ja keine Ehre wenn man sagt man ist Anarchist.”) - T. M., 29.11.84. – Most anarchists, just like most statists, are still merely another type of territorialists and thus of intolerant authoritarians, who want to impose their own favorite system upon all dissenters. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHISTS: It is possible, therefore, to hold that the long-continued substitution of an ‘external’ source of decision for an ‘internal’ one is always harmful (because preventing the achievement of autonomy) without coming to the conclusion that every particular instance of the replacement of will by will is necessarily harmful...” - Beverly Woodward, Reason, Non-violence, and Global Legal Change, p. 163/64, in: Philosophy, Morality and International Affairs, ed. by Held & Morgenbesser & Nagel, O.U.P., 1974.

ANARCHISTS: It is sometimes forgotten that the thorough-going anarchist should be anarchistic not only with respect to the State, which is one outstanding kind of voluntary or involuntary association, but with respect to ALL associations: it is rule itself (arche) to which it is opposed.” - William Leon McBride, An Ideal Model and the “Democratic” Failure, in NOMOS, XI: Voluntary Associations, p. 212. - Precisely because only rule in the sense of domination is objected to by dissenters, only it should be opposed. It implies an imposition, a territorial one, for consenters and dissenters alike. This “model”, utopia or “ideal” suppresses alternative societies, i.e. competing and voluntary governments, exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, all freely and peacefully coexisting with their diverse network relationships and competing with each other in the same territory, for more voluntary members, just like business enterprises, sports clubs or sects do. Inevitably, all would have, as a result of their voluntary membership, also only voluntary contributors, and individually asked-for authorities (like we enjoy now a free choice among doctors, architects, engineers, barbers and interior decorators.). Another analogy is that of replacing an e.g., Catholic hierarchy not by totally abolishing all religion and all religious organisations and actions but by replacing a particular territorial and monopolistic hierarchy by religious freedom and tolerance, not only for religious believers of all kinds but also for non-believers: atheists, rationalists, freethinkers, agnostics and humanists and also for the remaining volunteers of the previously one and only church. Would any of the non-religious people even have survived if they had attempted, like many anarchists try to do in their field, to destroy all religious beliefs, organizations and cult actions? Would the chances for atheists etc. even be good in our time, if they pursued such an intolerant policy, rather than continuing to provide enlightenment via counter-teachings and by trying to set better personal examples through their own lives? - JZ, 27.1.93. – RULE, DOMINATION, TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, PANARCHISM

ANARCHISTS: It is the policeman, says the anarchist, who makes the criminal; remove the one and the other disappears. (*) The communist utopian, on the other hand, puts all the blame for social disorder on the institution of private property (**); abolish that institution ( with or without force, according to the utopian’s conceit ), and the ‘good society’ will follow as a matter of course. ( Incidentally, most anarchistic utopians would also abolish private property by the very force they decry; apparently, force is commendable when it is used by the right person for the right purpose. ) The anarchistic premise, that the policeman came before and made the thief, is lacking in historical support; the sheriff came only because cattle rustling called for him. The communistic premise, that private property is the root of all social evil, assumes that man works for the sake of working, and without regard for the prospect of possession and enjoyment. Neither premise coincides with observable experience, and therefore the syllogisms built on each hangs in the mid-air of unreality. - Significantly, all utopian programs pay considerable attention to the political organization of man. The philosophical anarchist ( relying on the perfectibility of man through education ) is convinced that when the individual comes to his senses he will not need or tolerate the State.” - Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.154. - (*) This does apply only e.g. to the legalized prohibition, the anti-vice acts and the drug laws and their enforcement: The victimless “crimes” legislatively established. - (**) and ignores even self-ownership. We are to live for others rather than for ourselves. See under ALTRUISM. – JZ, n.d. & 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: Lenin, quoting a passage from Engels’ ‘Anti-Duehring’, had accused the anarchists of naivety (in) desiring to abolish the state ‘overnight’.” - Lenin, Sochineniia, XXI, 410, quoted in Paul Avrich, The Russian Anarchists, p.167. - That was and is naive. Realistic would have been and is now only the aim of “anarchism for anarchists, all the different kinds of anarchisms for all the different kinds of anarchists.” It is quite naive to aim at instant anarchism for all non-anarchists as well. - JZ, 28.6.92. - For the others, the multitudes of different archies and the multitudes of their statists, their true believers, the aim of the freedom lovers must simply be to deprive them of their present absolutist, territorial, sovereign, coercive powers over others, as all revolutionaries would do, but without depriving them of their own beloved governments, great leaders, gurus and authorities once they have lost all those features which endanger their opponents. Upon a close look, all the remaining and still wanted governments, when all dissenters have effectively seceded from them and set up their own free societies for themselves, would just be “free societies of statists”, voluntary associations, very similar in their basic framework to that of the anarchistic, libertarian and other  voluntary associations. Only internally, among their remaining faithful, which would be very numerous indeed, at least initially and for years to decades to come, they would then simply continue their current statist practices, as long as they would be prepared to put up with them. They would be among their own, without any internal fundamental opposition. That is and should be their affair, their business, their responsibility and their risk and expense. - JZ, 27.1.93. – PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE BETWEEN ANARCHISTS & ANARCHISTS, POSSIBLE & DESIRABLE UNDER PERSONAL LAWS, VOLUNTARISM & FULL EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY. TO EACH HIS OWN! REALISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

ANARCHISTS: Many anarchists, to be sure, do reject all governmental institutions on the grounds that all government rests on coercion. Or at least this is their apparent line of argument. In fact, though, it often turns out, upon further questioning, that many such individuals do not think that ALL coercion is objectionable. Forcibly preventing a person from suffering harm or from doing himself harm is often considered morally acceptable (e.g., forcibly removing a child who has crawled out into the middle of a street and does not want to move or stopping a distraught person, who is about to jump off a high building.) (Footnote 9 begins with: “In politics we usually have to do with situations much more complex than these.” And it concludes with: “What is arguable regards the sorts of measures and the kinds of cases.”) (*) Forcibly interrupting a chain of events or an action that would do others harm may also seem acceptable (anarchists in the U.S. have in recent times been involved in the destruction of draft board files and in the sabotage of weapons; many anarchists would see nothing wrong with directly or indirectly effectively disarming an individual or group about to commit an act of aggression). To say that such actions may be considered acceptable by the anarchist is not to say that they would necessarily be considered ALTOGETHER desirable or that coercion would be considered in itself a good thing or even ‘value-free’...” - Beverly Woodward, Reason, Non-violence, and Global Legal Change, p. 160/61, in: Philosophy, Morality and International Affairs, ed. by Held & Morgenbesser & Nagel, O.U.P., 1974. - (*) Such a child is not yet a fully free person but is to remain for a while under guardianship. A suicide candidate is mostly “not quite himself” and later, back to normal, quite thankful for the preventative coercive act. If not, in most cases, he could try again, when nobody is there to stop him. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Marxism and other forms of sectarian and egalitarian communism constitute the opium of most of the anarchists. – JZ, 13.5.99. They are so addicted to it that they will not read and seriously consider the literature written to refute their faith. Only the own free experience within their own peaceful and competitive panarchies might cure the curable among them of their remaining flaws, so far removed from the anarchism that consists, essentially, of voluntarism, which can be fully practised only under exterritorial autonomy and personal laws or rules. – JZ, 21.9.08. – PANARCHISM, COMMUNISM, EGALITARIANISM, ANTI-CAPITALISM

ANARCHISTS: Most anarchists are egalitarian expropriators rather than anarchists. They want to impose these two false ideas and practices, contrary to their pretended anarchistic beliefs. - JZ, 28.6.92, 25.9.02.

ANARCHISTS: Most anarchists are just advocates of local self-government, on a very small scale, and have not yet advanced, beyond this model, to fully individualistic and voluntarily cooperative personal law associations on the basis of full exterritorial autonomy. - JZ, 30.12.82, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Most anarchists are just deviationist archists. They still want enforced territorial uniformity - but on different subjects and on different levels. Thus, like archists, they clash even with each other. - JZ, 14.11.82. – TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

ANARCHISTS: Most anarchists don’t believe in kings, prime ministers and dictators as “great leaders”, on the contrary. However, they are just as loyal to their particular heroes and prophets. - JZ, 11.8.82, 27.1.93.  - PERSONALITY CULT

ANARCHISTS: Most anarchists have still to discover the anarchy of the free market and how it could be applied to political organizations and their services as well, voluntarily and exterritorially. I.e., they remain unaware of the panarchistic and exterritorially autonomous options for communities of volunteers. - JZ, 29.11.92, 27.1.93. – PANARCHISM, FREE MARKET, LAISSEZ FAIRE FOR ALL VARIETIES OF COMMUNITIES OF VOLUNTEERS

ANARCHISTS: Most anarchists, who simply propose to “abolish government(s)”, do overlook the historical experience that most actual governments, that were ever abolished, were abolished by new or other governments. Even when they were abolished from below, by revolutions, then these were usually carried out by a majority or strong minority of statists who had nothing better to do than to shout: “The king is dead. Long live the king!” or: The old government is abolished. Long live the new government.” If they ponder this reality and also how unhappy most statists are with their statist “achievements”, then they will come to merely aim at competitive and tolerant anarchies for themselves and competitive and tolerant archies for archists, all on the basis of exterritorial autonomy - for volunteers and their particular desired experiments. Freedom to experiment with like-minded volunteers in the political, economic and social spheres as well, would maximise the speed of enlightenment and progress among the experimenters. The imposition of anarchy upon all, regardless of the illusions and wishes of the vast majority, is not any better than the imposition of uniform and territorial governments upon numerous dissenting and more or less enlightened minorities. Both are war aims rather than peace aims. Both prevent peaceful coexistence and competitive developments. Both fail to maximise individual responsibilities and creative incentives. Both offer only what they want themselves and what they think others ought to want, rather than leaving others free to pursue their lives and happiness in their own way. They have all too much in common with each other, all too much that suppresses individual liberties and rights and individual sovereignty or consumer sovereignty in all spheres. Both have totalitarian aspirations for their ideologies. - JZ, 25.4.93, 27.1.93. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM VS. TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE, MONOPOLIZATION OF EXPERIMENTATION

ANARCHISTS: No anarchist should presume to speak and act for all other anarchists but, at most, for all those who share his particular ideals and programme. Nor, as an anarchist, should he attempt to force his ideals upon any archists. He may only usurp freedom and defend it against any further encroachments by the State. Even this can be done in a way that does not promote civil war. Anarchism of any kind or colour only for anarchists of that kind and colour. - Statism of any kind only for that kind of statists. That requires exterritorial autonomy for volunteers - or panarchism. Properly timed, anarchists could successfully, e.g. via free market economics among themselves and those who join them. Thus they solve economic major problems which the governments are, apparently, unable to solve for us, e.g. mass unemployment and inflation. Such “incomplete” (non-territorial, voluntary, alternative institutions) secession and self-determination actions could then become more and more numerous and comprehensive and lead, finally, to complete secessions and exterritorially autonomous volunteer communities, of the greatest diversity, of the anarchist, libertarian and statist types, until ultimately, perhaps only after decades or centuries, everybody has learned enough to appreciate and practise almost all individual rights and liberties.” - JZ, 13.10.92, 26.1.93, 21.1.12.

ANARCHISTS: On most points I am not a majoritarian or consider myself as part of a majority but, rather a minoritarian or individualist who favours individual sovereign choices. - JZ, 27.1.93. Most anarchists and libertarians are still far from that position and its voluntary and exterritorial autonomy consequences for all kinds of volunteers, even the remaining varieties of statists. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: Only self-thinking, self-knowing and self-deciding people can be anarchists.” - St. Ch. Waldecke, Gedanken ueber Anarchie, p.3. – Although they are hardly scholars and thinkers, as far as economics is concerned, collectivist or communist anarchism should also be an option for their volunteers. They should be granted full exterritorial status to do their things to themselves without what they perceive to be archies. - JZ, 27.1.93. – COMMUNISM, COLLECTIVISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM ETC. FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS, TOO.

ANARCHISTS: Only the particular and additional notions which most anarchists have of anarchism are impractical or wrong in most cases, not the basic anarchistic idea itself. - JZ, 11.6.91. - All these wrong and impractical notions they could and should freely experiment with voluntarily and tolerantly in their own exterritorial communities of volunteers, at their own risk and expense. That would be the only truly anarchistic and also fastest and cheapest way to enlighten them on these notions. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: People who call themselves anarchists but who try to impose their kind of anarchism upon other anarchists and upon archists, are not really anarchists but archists themselves. In their way most anarchists are just as intolerant and authoritarian as most archists are and they do not notice this basic contradiction in their beliefs. They are still primarily, even though largely unconsciously and in a decentralist way, territorialists, never having seriously considered the exterritorialist options of voluntaristic autonomy for all. Moreover, while they call themselves anarchists, they really have other ideals, like communism or collectivism, as their primary ideals, and with regard to these they are intolerant and see anarchism only as a way for them to realize them not only for themselves but for all others, too. To that extent they are still authoritarians, nationalists, imperialists, and even totalitarians, just like the early Protestants were, before they learned to demand not only toleration for themselves but were also willing to grant it to others. - JZ, 13.10.92, 27.1.93. – TOLERANCE, INTOLERANCE, TERRITORIALISM, ONE SIZE FITS ALL NOTIONS

ANARCHISTS: Playboy: But no man is without ambition. What’s yours? - Hess: I want to be the perfect anarchist. - Playboy: Which is? Hess: A good friend, good lover, good neighbor. - Playboy: That’s all there is to being an anarchist? - Hess: What did you expect, a lot of rules? - Playboy: We expected one rule: ‘Resist authority at all cost.’” - PLAYBOY, 7/76. - Ridicule is the method Hess recommends. - RULES, AUTHORITY, RESISTANCE, HUMOUR & RIDICULE, JOKES, LAUGHTER,

ANARCHISTS: Some anarchists are more against what they misperceive to be capitalism than they are against what they perceive to be the State and State actions. – JZ, 13.5.99. – They do not even realize that e.g. exterritorial and voluntary States are not their enemies but that only territorial States with involuntary subjects are. – JZ, 21.9.08. - ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, COMMUNIST ANARCHISM, EGALITARIANISM OF THE TERRITORIALIST TYPE

ANARCHISTS: Some anarchists talk and act as if criminals, in spite of their crimes, crimes with victims, were more on the side of justice and freedom than governments are in suppressing these criminals. Either ignorance and prejudices or criminality itself distinguishes these anarchists. - Political “crimes” and “crimes” without victims  are, naturally, another matter. In suppressing real criminals and in rehabilitating them the State is usually no more moral and efficient than in anything else it tackles. - JZ, 8.7.82, 27.1.93, 5.11.08. - CRIMINALS

ANARCHISTS: Some anarchists will argue that ALL governmental coercion is evil or futile, since it will either fail, when applied to a group that does not form a true community, or if it does not fail, will create more harmful effects than its action prevents or suppresses.” - Beverly Woodward, Reason, Non-violence, and Global Legal Change, p. 158, in: Philosophy, Morality and International Affairs, ed. by Held & Morgenbesser & Nagel, O.U.P., 1974. – They have not yet thought beyond territorial States, governments, societies and communities. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: Some just want to FEEL free and easy, in some respects, e.g. with drugs, sex and with regard not only to their own property but that of others, and some want to THINK AND ACT freely, consistently, creatively and in all respects, within the comprehensive spheres of individual rights and liberties, while not themselves infringing anybody’s rights and liberties, and wanting to remain undisturbed by any coercive institutions especially by any State or any criminally invasive actions by others. - JZ, 20.4.86, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Some people called themselves anarchists only because they wrongly imagined governments to be willing and able defenders of property rights. What these anarchists and governments have in common is that both are enemies of property rights. Such anarchists manage to overlook as obvious facts as the taxation of labour and of property earnings. Will they finally notice it when it finally reaches not only 40 to 75% but 100%? - JZ, 14.12.92, 27.1.93. - PROPERTY RIGHTS, TAXATION

ANARCHISTS: Sometimes one must really ask: Who is more primitive in his thinking, the high level government officials and their low-level supporters or some self-styled “anarchists”. - JZ, 30.3.85, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: the absolutists of individual freedom.” - Max Eastman, Reflections on the Failure of Socialism, p.70. – Compare: “Freedom is always the freedom of the one who disagrees with us, or who thinks otherwise.”

ANARCHISTS: The anarchist denies the right of any government to trench on his individual freedom.” - Herbert Spencer, First Principles, I, 1862.

ANARCHISTS: The Anarchist thus no more advocates chaos than does the strictest authoritarian; but the Anarchist seeks order in diversity and agreement rather than in uniformity and control.” - Rudolf Rocker. – Underlining by me: JZ

ANARCHISTS: The anarchists claim that freedom is a natural right, and if the State denies it to its citizens, they have a right to seize it themselves.” - Jerome Tuccille, Radical Libertarianism, p.123. - Today the State not only denies them freedom but also peace, security, justice, wealth, and via their nuclear powers even their very lives. - JZ, 26.1.93. - STATE, GOVERNMENT

ANARCHISTS: The fact is that Anarchists are the only true advocates of peace, the only people who call a halt to the growing tendency of militarism, which is fast making of this erstwhile free country an imperialistic and despotic power...” - Emma Goldman, What I Believe. – At least to the extent that they have not yet opposed territorialism and monetary and financial despotism and all immigration restrictions and protectionism, I would deny that most anarchists do have a sufficient peace program. – JZ,  21.1.13. – PEACE, PROGRAM-

ANARCHISTS: The majority of anarchists think and write about the future without understanding the present. This is what divides us communists from them.” - Lenin, quoted by Paul Avrich, The Russian Anarchists, p.211. - One could say that especially the communists and the communist anarchists neither understand the past nor the present nor the future, e.g. the free market, the free economy, the free exchange and free contract and free development options. Economically they are still illiterate. Instead they are enraptured by their ideology, their fixed ideas. - JZ, 27.1.93, 5.11.08. - This applies to almost all ideologues, especially communistic ones, the leftists, humanitarians, utopians and Welfare Statists. Only a few people have so far understood and appreciated all of man’s individual rights and liberties, their potentials for realization and the opportunities they would offer to all. Only the consistent freedom lovers and advocates can perceive and provide a peaceful, tolerant and educational framework for all ideological activities among volunteers, the equivalent to religious freedom in the political, economic and social spheres: namely panarchism or experimental freedom in the last spheres still territorially monopolized by the present States. - JZ, 28.6.92, 21.1.13. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, MARKET ECONOMICS, HUMAN RIGHTS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

ANARCHISTS: the old anarchists did not believe in property rights, as we do, and they used chaos and fear to put forward their aims.” - Mike Stanton, quoted in THE SATURDAY EVENING MERCURY, Tasmania, 5.10.74. – Even he did then still think of the old anarchists as mere terrorists. Had he read nothing e.g. by Tolstoy and Tucker? – JZ, 5.11.08.

ANARCHISTS: The only achievement of anarchists is resistance.” (“Das Einzige, was Anarchisten leisten, ist Widerstand.”) - Werner Mitsch. - And so far they were not very good at that, either. - JZ, 8.7.92. – Or do you know of a really good anarchist resistance, revolution, liberation, defence and military insurrection program? – JZ, 5.11.08. - RESISTANCE

ANARCHISTS: The philosophic anarchists of Bastiat’s time and our own have been quick to insist that, if all rights derive from the individual, then no constraints of police power and no taxation may properly be levied by any collective force on the individual.” - G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p. 198. - But territorial States have neither sufficiently protected nor indemnified individuals when they failed to protect them. – As protection rackets they succeeded, financially, to an astonishing degree – even while largely failing to fulfil their role as protectors, defenders and peace and justice providers. - JZ, 24.7.92, 27.1.93, 5.11.08, 21.1.13. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP

ANARCHISTS: The population of the world is gradually dividing into two classes - Anarchists and Criminals.”  - Benjamin R. Tucker, Catalogue, p. 120. - So why do so many anarchists try to make a united front with criminals? - JZ, 27.1.93. – CRIMINALS, Q.

ANARCHISTS: The wrong ideas of property and property rights and of voluntary economic transactions and associations, which most anarchists have in their heads, are the kind of prejudices that do the greatest harm to their anti-government stands. - JZ, 11.6.91, 4.9.92.

ANARCHISTS: Their coercive opposition to property is organized and essentially totalitarian in its objective. They are not satisfied with eliminating private property among themselves. Their private and collective expropriation actions against dissenting proprietors are essentially actions of territorial and totalitarian statists, never mind their anarchistic pretences. - JZ, 28.6.92, 27.1.93. – Only a fraction of them are well enough informed propertarians and free marketers. – JZ, 5.11.08. - MOST ARE OPPONENTS OF PROPERTY RIGHTS. THEIR COMMUNIST SHARING PRINCIPLE EVEN DENIES SELF-OWNERSHIP & SELF-RESPONSIBILITY. THE ABLE & INDUSTRIOUS ARE TO BE ENSLAVED & EXPLOITED FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE NEEDY & NON-INDUSTRIOUS.

ANARCHISTS: There are, of course, anarchists who from the outset find coercion acceptable as long as it is not practised by governments. Some of these anarchists have themselves engaged in extremely coercive activity.” - Beverly Woodward, Reason, Non-violence, and Global Legal Change, p. 161, in: Philosophy, Morality and International Affairs, ed. by Held & Morgenbesser & Nagel, O.U.P., 1974.

ANARCHISTS: These thinkers were individualists because they recognized individual rights and they were anarchists because they believed in the doctrine ‘that all the affairs of men should be managed by individuals or voluntary associations and that the State should be abolished.” - Carl Watner, DANDELION, Spring 77. – Only the territorial State has to be abolished. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHISTS: They realise that the moral sense must come from inside, not from outside.” - T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, p.125. – MORALITY, MORAL SENSE, ETHICS

ANARCHISTS: They should strive for recognition as a distinct ideological group just as others are recognized as racial, ethnic, religious or national groups. They should insist that all such groups are entitled to full exterritorial autonomy if they do wish it for themselves. Thereby they could make themselves the friends and allies of the majority, since even the temporary majorities are mere combinations of minorities. - JZ, 11.2.85, 6.11.08..

ANARCHISTS: To become a well enough informed anarchists one ought to become, a least to some extent, an economist, too. - JZ, 9.12.82, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: To me it is surprising how many of those who call themselves “individualist anarchists” do still believe in “might is right”, without awareness how non-anarchistic towards others the practice of this “principle” would inevitably be. Instead of a non-aggression pact or non-domination agreement we would have an “agreement” on mutual tyranny or mutual domination, as far as one’s power or might would go. At most we could achieve temporary armistices between us, just like territorial governments between themselves, always broken when one side would think it could get away with this breach to its advantage. For many of them this resulted from an uncritical acceptance and generalisation of Max Stirner’s ideas, which kept their minds captive for decades or even for their whole lives, in the same way as the minds of others have become captives of the fixed ideas of Saint Marx rather than Saint Max. My father, Kurt Zube, at least in this respect, was one of the voluntary victims of Saint Max. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHISTS: Too many anarchist do all too readily assume that e.g. property, trade, money, capital, investments, interest, profit, and markets are not aspects of individual liberty and show thus no interest in the corresponding liberties. – JZ, 12.2.98. – To that extent they are often no better and sometimes worse than the territorial statists are. – JZ, 21.9.08.

ANARCHISTS: Too many anarchists are not thinking and acting like anarchists at home, towards their family members. - JZ, 7.11.00.

ANARCHISTS: True and consistent anarchists would allow non-anarchists to make their own archistic choices at the same time that anarchism becomes realized for anarchists. Thereby anarchism for anarchists could become realized much sooner. - JZ, 29.4.86, 27.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ANARCHISTS: What is an anarchist? One who, choosing, accepts the responsibility of choice.” - Ursula Le Guin, The Day Before the Revolution, in The Wind’s Twelve Quarters, 133. – CHOICE, RESPONSIBILITY, VOLUNTARISM, SELF-DISCIPLINE, SELF-CONTROL

ANARCHISTS: While an anarchist is completely against government, a libertarian will accept any government controls that guarantee individual rights. “Of course’, he admits, ‘a lot of us don’t think there is such an animal.’ - ascribed to Charles Blackwell, by James Ervin, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 2/80. - LIBERTARIANS & RIGHTS

ANARCHO-CAPITALISTS: Anarcho capitalism is just our trip. We don’t mean to impose it on everybody...” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus II, p.111. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, ACTION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PLURALISM.

ANARCHO-CAPITALISTS: Anarcho-capitalism is the theory that what are generally considered the proper functions of a strictly limited government - basically police protection, adjudication, and defence - can and should be provided by the free market, just like other kinds of services.” - James A Kuffell, REASON, 3/72. – They still failed to stress that all kinds of statists should be free to make their own choices and their own kind of institutions for themselves. – JZ, 3.11.10. – Also that  any form of territorialism is already essentially totalitarian. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHO-CAPITALISTS: Anarcho-capitalism, the idea that the free market can supply police and judicial protection by means of privately competitive agencies...” - THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 1.5.70. – Most have not yet sufficiently considered e.g the alternatives to statist and territorial defence. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHO-CAPITALISTS: I have described how a private system of courts and police might function, but not the laws it would produce and enforce; I have discussed institutions, not results. That is why I have used the term anarcho-capitalist, which describes the institutions, rather than libertarian. Whether these institutions will produce a libertarian society - a society in which each person is free to do as he likes with himself and his property, as long as he does not use either, to initiate force against others - remains to be proven.” - David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.173.

ANARCHO-CAPITALISTS: This group believes that all functions presently performed by government can be transferred to market-place agencies. They wish the government removed totally, reserving even the functions of protection, defense, retaliation and punishment to competing market-place agencies.” – Robert LeFevre, The Libertarians, p.26. - Panarchists predict that package deal enterprises in form of voluntary and competing governments, only exterritorially autonomous, would remain or become established and that they would not only offer competing limited government services but all kinds of government services which their voluntary members would want for themselves. Some might, indeed, secede from all such package deals and contract only for themselves, with specific free enterprise protection services or, perhaps, hire police protection from panarchy A, court protection from panarchy B and defence services from panarchy C, and, perhaps, even some welfare or insurance services from panarchy D. - JZ, 27.a.93.

ANARCHO-LIBERTARIANISM: Term used in O’Neill’s book on Ayn Rand – Originally by Jerome Tuccille?

ANARCHO-SYNDICALISM: If an anarcho-syndicalist movement were to succeed - and none seems even remotely capable of success today - group solidarity would have to prevail over self-interest - for the economic system to work. The psychic payoffs of workers’ management would have to outweigh the lessened material payoffs (relative to the capitalist countries) that in all likelihood would appear over time. This kind of moral commitment is likely to be true only for avowed anarchists, but not for anyone else - including the children and grandchildren of the revolutionaries. - There is also a good argument that the resulting society would not be libertarian, if that word is used to mean maximum voluntarism and minimum coercion. The expropriation of private property is a more clear-cut case of coercion than the hiring of wage-labour, and it restricts every person’s choice of economic alternatives far more than under capitalism. Furthermore, if group pressure is to replace codified laws, what is to guarantee that the group rules will maximise individual liberty? - For example, a small segment of the CNT-FAI were nudists. A libertarian society would let them go about naked if they liked, yet a CNT manifesto, discussing the rules in the new anarchist communes, proclaimed otherwise: ‘It would be psychologically intolerable to have 50% nude and 50% ...’” - Bruce Ramsey, OPTION, 4/77, p. 32. – Productive coops, as such self-managed and also run in a businesslike way, would tend to be more productive than hierarchically “managed” enterprises run under the employer-employee relationship. – Syndicalists just want to replace State bureaucracies and corporation bureaucracies by trade union bureaucracies. Even the employer-employee relationship would be more productive in most cases and even more liberating, because it would be much easier to give notice and to achieve individual work contracts. - JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHO-TOTALITARIANISM: The character of the libertarian movement is now such that all true lovers of liberty must oppose it. It has already achieved - on the intellectual level, a seemingly impossible synthesis: anarcho-totalitarianism.” - Ernest van den Haag, in NATIONAL REVIEW, quoted in OUI, 2/80. – That remark rings no bells with me. – Except that most anarchists just like most statists are still territorialists and that territorialism is one of the preconditions for authoritarianism and even totalitarianism. - JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: A corollary of statist theology is the belief that the absence of governmental authority is synonymous with “anarchy,” and that such a condition equates with disorder. And yet, our lives are free, orderly, and peaceful only to the degree that we live anarchistically, without using force, violence, threats, or the infliction of death to accomplish our purposes. It is only when property boundaries are respected and considered inviolable, that peace and order prevail. When my students ask if such arrangements prevail any place, I remind them that their daily lives are conducted in such a manner. “Do you threaten your friends, fellow students, coworkers, or neighbors with violence in order to get what you want?,” I ask. Our relationships with other people are expressions of the anarchist assumption that men and women live harmoniously with one another, and without presuming to govern others through violent means.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 87. - CHAOS, ORDER, DISORDER, DAILY LIVES, NON-VIOLENCE, GOVERNMENT

ANARCHY: A name given to a ... theory of life and conduct under which society is conceived without government.” - Peter Kropotkin.

ANARCHY: a society of peace and non-coercive cooperation and opportunity for individual development and fulfilment.” - David Wiek, ANARCHY 8.

ANARCHY: A society of retained absolute self-sovereignty.” - Josiah Warren, according to David Wiek, ANARCHY 8. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

ANARCHY: a society of sovereign justice.” – Godwin David Wiek, ANARCHY 8.

ANARCHY: a society of sovereign mutual aid and cooperation...” - Kropotkin, according to David Wiek, ANARCHY 8.

ANARCHY: A society without any government imposed on any individual but not necessarily a society without any governments. The demand of most self-styled anarchists, that all governments be abolished, even the governments constituted only by and for those who desire them, is intolerant, authoritarian and in disagreement with their demands for voluntary association and autonomy. Like the statists, these anarchists can only envision one uniform solution for all the diverse people and groups in one territory. Economically most anarchists are still so backward that they are communists or authoritarians in outlook and in their proposals, never mind their propaganda slogans. - JZ, n.d. & 28.1.93. – TERRITORIALISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, COMMUNIST ANARCHISTS

ANARCHY: A theory which regards the union of order with the absence of all direct or coercive government as the political ideal.” - The American College Dictionary.

ANARCHY: Absence of government; disbelief in, and disregard of, invasion and authority based on coercion and force; a condition of society regulated by voluntary agreement instead of government.” - Fred Woodworth, Anarchism.

ANARCHY: All power back to everybody - but only over his own affairs. Free contracts on everything where formal or informal agreements are needed with others. Every State coercion, every statist class system to be abolished.” - Notes from a German discussion. OMF 1986? Individual sovereignty, free contracts and voluntary and autonomous associations under personal laws. Does that express it more clearly? Can any formula, with a few words, fully express what its intended, sufficiently and clearly enough for others, unfamiliar with such ideas? - J .Z., 27.1.93.

ANARCHY: An adroit mixture of customs that are beneficial to society and could be followed even if no law existed.” - Peter Kropotkin.

ANARCHY: Anarchism in its strictest sense means, literally, without government. But this does not mean without order or without social structure or even without social organisation. What anarchy specifically calls for is complete individual freedom within a framework of respect for, and willingness not to violate, the equally valid freedom of each and every individual in society.” – Jerome Tuccille, Radical Libertarianism, p.25.

ANARCHY: Anarchism is a game at which the Police can beat you.” - George Bernard Shaw, Misalliance, 1910, Epigraph to Joe Orton’s Loot, 1967. - JOKES

ANARCHY: Anarchy - a consistent decision for freedom and wealth. Freedom! That is order and security of the peoples. Since freedom is the denial of any kind of government, it follows that wherever there are commands, there are oppression, danger and disorder. Not the word anarchy but the world government means the absence of order and security.” - Pelletier, in LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr.3.

ANARCHY: anarchy ... the refusal of individual or tribe to respect the privileges of others.” – Dagobert D. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p.39. (When I finally made to N.Y., in 1990, he was already dead for several years. - But his numerous books live on and are worth reading. - JZ, 27.1.93. ) – Territorialism is the most comprehensive privilege. – Only in societies and communities of volunteers, all thus only exterritorially autonomous, are any remaining privileges based upon unanimous consent. Such societies may retain many and large privileges, only a few of them – or none at all. Only those subjected to them would have the right to complain and if their dissent were strong enough then they would be free to secede. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: Anarchy does not mean out of control, just out of THEIR control.” - Dangerous Buttons, No. 195.

ANARCHY: Anarchy for All! - is also an authoritarian imposition! - JZ, 7/76.

ANARCHY: Anarchy for anarchists! - JZ 14.9.82. And for anarchists ONLY! - It is too good for anyone else. “Do not throw pearls before the swine.” - JZ, 28.1.93.

ANARCHY: Anarchy Forever! - YAF, Convention Slogan. n.d.

ANARCHY: Anarchy is a condition of continual bliss as opposed to government which is a state of unremitting chaos.” - George Kysor, THE CONNECTION, p. 27, 2.6.80. - While full self-responsibility certainly will have its worries and troubles, it will have its achievement opportunities and satisfactions. And even in case of failures, one can say to oneself : At least I was free to try and I did my best. - JZ, 28.1.93. Moreover, I am free to try again, in a different way. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Anarchy is an expression of social behavior that reflects the individualized nature of life. Only as living beings are free to pursue their particular interests in the unique circumstances in which they find themselves, can conditions for the well-being of all be attained. Anarchy presumes decentralized and cooperative systems that serve the mutual interests of the individuals comprising them, without the systems ever becoming their own reasons for being. It is this thinking, and the practices that result therefrom, that is alone responsible for whatever peace and order exists in society.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 60. - PANARCHIES

ANARCHY: Anarchy is Greek and means, verbatim, without rulership; not being ruled. According to our vocabulary, anarchy is a state of society in which the only government is reason.” (*) – Michael Schwab, courtroom speech after being sentenced to hang for  the Haymarket bombing (later commuted), 1886. - (*) or any kind of spleen one wants to practice at the own expense and risk. Anarchists and others do not have to be reasonable. But they must become tolerant and just towards others, who did not sign up with them and who do not want to be victimised or directed by them or deprived of their beloved traditions, great leaders and holy institutions. - JZ, 27.1.93. – TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT PEOPLE

ANARCHY: Anarchy is Individualism consistently carried out and put into practice. It is the doctrine of autonomy, laissez-faire, independence and liberty. It is the doctrine which accepts all the social principles of that most advanced school of thinkers of which Herbert Spencer is at the head, and does not fear to carry them to their logical conclusions, even though the greatest expounders of those principles may fail to do so themselves.” - D. A. Andrade, What Is Anarchy?, 1886, in Bob James, Australian Anarchism.

ANARCHY: Anarchy is no government. – Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p. 12. – Thank reason and ethics – it isn’t! – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Anarchy Is Not Chaos.” - David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, heading, p. 152.

ANARCHY: Anarchy is not only the refusal to be ruled by others, it is also the refusal to rule others.” - David Taylor, 5.6.85. - Compare very similar wordings by J. H. Mackay. – D. T. would rather risk death than accept surgical conventional hospital treatment of an ulcerative colitis that plagued and finally killed him, at only 43 or 44. He did try some naturopathic approaches – but, probably, too little to late. While condemning much of the accumulated conventional wisdom and skills, one should never condemn all of them. Well, he made his choice, as was his right. But what a waste. At least he managed to finish his atheist book, attempting to prove that Jesus Christ, an Essenian, lived 200 years before the supposed birth of Jesus Christ. - I never saw much of a point in this kind of anti-Christian criticism. However, it would make the few legends of his teachings, that had come from him upon us, still more so mere legends. Beckerath asserted that his combined sayings in the Bible would come to no more than 33 hours of talk, assuming that all of these remarks were correctly remembered and later, much later, correctly recorded. What he talked about and taught during the rest of his teaching life we do not know at all. - JZ, 28.1.93. – There was, apparently, no divine intervention to make all of his teachings accessible to us. Should we assume that God, his supposed father, is as secretive as most territorial governments are? – JZ, 6.11.08. – BIBLE, JESUS CHRIST, GOD, SECRECY

ANARCHY: Anarchy is order; government is civil war.” - Anselme Bellegarrigue, quoted in The Match, Sept. 75. – Territorially imposed anarchies also mean wars and civil wars! – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Anarchy is the aim of those who have nothing to lose.” - Ernst R. Hauschka. - On the contrary: Anarchy is the aim of those who had so far lost all too many liberties and rights, earnings and wealth to all too many usurpers and official exploiters, and who fear that they are going to lose the rest, too. - JZ, 27.1.93, 6.11.08. - They know that they do have much to gain by full liberty. They will gain it sooner if they also advocate any kind of governance for its volunteers only. – JZ, 21.1.13.

ANARCHY: Anarchy is the first necessary step on the road to a new order. - The terrible thing is they may be right. Anarchy will inevitably produce tyranny.” - Morris West, Proteus, p.67. - A collectivist, territorial and compulsory anarchy is a utopia or dead end. It already has these 3 features in common with any tyranny. Only individual sovereignty, leading to individual secessions and from them to voluntary and exterritorially autonomous communities and free contractual associations, for whatever functions their members assign to them, leave us any hope for the future. - JZ, 30.6.92, 28.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ANARCHY: Anarchy is the highest expression of order.” - Elisee Reclus.

ANARCHY: anarchy is the only viable alternative to this chaos.” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p. 216.

ANARCHY: Anarchy is to me a situation where MYOB  mind your own business) and ‘Freedom - I won’t’ are the cornerstones of human relations.” - Joe Fulks, THE CONNECTION 115, p.39. – Sufficiently tolerant anarchists would also allow statist volunteers to do their own things among themselves. However, they would insist on complete voluntarism, which also means individual and group secessionism for peaceful dissenters. In other words, these volunteers would not have to “marry” into communities or societies until death does them part. – JZ, 4.111.10.

ANARCHY: Anarchy isn’t the problem. Territorial Archies are. - JZ, 16.1.77, 6.11.08. – Territorial claims of anarchists do also create problems, especially while most statists are also still territorial statists. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: Anarchy means only no IMPOSED rules, i.e. only as much egalitarianism and as much or as little non-hierarchical structure as corresponds to the choices of individual VOLUNTEERS. Different volunteers are bound to make different choices within their volunteer-communities. Only some would choose one or the other form of anarchy for themselves. All those who now or in the near future would choose one or the other form of anarchism or libertarianism for themselves would still only constitute a small minority, even if they combined. They ought to federate even with all enlightened statists on the platform of “exterritorial autonomy under personal laws for all minorities and majorities that want it for themselves.” Such a common platform could draw more subscribers than the “ideal” of “democracy” and of the general franchise. - JZ 13.6.89, 27.1.93. – It would certainly be more attractive e.g. in Iraq and in Afghanistan, where territorial democracy has almost no tradition and appreciation at all – and quite rightly so. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Anarchy, in short, is to politics what atheism is to theology. Atheism says: we shall have no divine rulers; Anarchy says: we shall have no temporal ones either. Atheism says: be not a slave to a god; Anarchy says: be not a slave to god or ruler either. Atheism says: cast off all allegiance to all laws divine; Anarchy says: cast off all allegiance to all laws both divine and human. Atheism says: defy the priest, who robs you under the authority of a god; Anarchy says: defy the ruler who robs you under the authority of a State, as well. Atheism says: be free in your thoughts; Anarchy says: be free in your thoughts and actions too. Atheism says: face the gods like a man; Anarchy says: face all existence like a man; Atheism says: from the gods be free; Anarchy simply says: BE FREE!” - D. A. Andrade, quoted in Bob James, Australian Anarchism. POLITICS, ATHEISM, THEOLOGY, RELIGION, GOD, STATE, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM

ANARCHY: Anarchy, not Chaos! - Graffiti.

ANARCHY: Anarchy, not class warfare or abolition of interest, profit, rent, capitalism, property and inequality! - JZ, 7.12.91.

ANARCHY: As foundation of all social life in anarchy counts the condition of the social freedom of each individual...” - LERNZIEL ANARCHY, Nr. 5. Better perhaps: Social life based on individual sovereignty? General terms all too often do not explain each other enough. - JZ, 27.1.93. – This wording would cover exterritorial statism of volunteers as well but not statism for the population whole territories. Even in families and friendship groups there are strong disagreements and people do have the right to sort themselves out to do their own preferred things, however foolish and risky it may be – at their own risk and expense. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: But the social principle of Anarchy is familiar and predictable also. Whenever one person helps another; whenever people solve their problems and no policeman or law instructs or compels - in short, at the taking place of any human development which is no mandated, ordained, decreed, controlled or interfered in (with? JZ) by a legislature or by someone acting so as to force a result, we have the principle of Anarchy at work. It is ordinarily claimed that this social Anarchy, which is thought to be evil, can only be overcome and regulated by governments, which are thought to be necessary, so that society can ‘work’. I assert that this explanation is false and the exact opposite of the correct description of affairs, which is that the social principle of government, itself evil (in the sense that it does harm) is only overcome so that society can work, by the principle of Anarchy, or freedom, spontaneously asserting itself in the uncontrolled interstices of the social matrix.” - Fred Woodworth, Anarchism, p. 14. - Even in the severely State-controlled areas of taxation, drug use and gun ownership, a lot of free social actions still do persist. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHY: By anarchy, Proudhon meant the absence of a master and subjects.” - D. W. Brogan, Proudhon, p.58.

ANARCHY: By the word (Anarchy) I wanted to indicate the extreme limit of political progress.” - Proudhon, in S. Edwards, Proudhon, p. 91. - PROGRESS

ANARCHY: Complete acceptance of the principle of non-violence accordingly leads to what might be called ‘ethico-religious anarchy’.” - George A. Lear, Jr., in POLIS, Fall 66. - NON-VIOLENCE

ANARCHY: decentralisation, dispersal and final elimination of authority and its replacement by autonomous and independent organisational units.” - G. P. Maksimov, quoted in Paul Avrich, The Anarchists in the Russian Revolution, p.103. - Unfortunately, most anarchists envision such autonomous organisational units only for anarchists not for the various archists, too. Consequently, they become enemies of voluntary and tolerant archists, rather than comrades in arms. - JZ, 6.1.92. - Moreover, they tend to overlook that complete voluntarism, without separation of volunteers and autonomous independent organisational units into local ghettos, requires exterritorial autonomy. No one would have to change his residence or job to leave one panarchy and join another. We live already widely intermixed and personal law associations could separate us into our own kinds of societies and States as much as we want to. Thus not being out of sight of each other’s different free societies and government systems, we would also tend to learn more from each other. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHY: Democracy has been defined as the principle that ‘one man is as good as another, if not a little better.’ Anarchy maybe defined as the principle that one government is as bad as another, if not a little worse.” - B. R. Tucker. – Territorially imposed forms of anarchism are almost as bad, if not worse in some cases, than territorially imposed forms of statism usually are. – JZ, 6.11.08. – TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACY, GOVERNMENT, STATISM

ANARCHY: Democratic socialism has contributed enormously to confirm again the vain belief in the state, and in its further development must logically lead to state capitalism. Socialism inspired by liberal ideas, however, leads in a straight line to anarchism, meaning by that, a social condition where man is no longer subject to the guardianship of a higher power and where all relations between him and his kind are self-regulated by mutual agreement.” – Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.238.

ANARCHY: Each movement has its madmen, fanatics and violent characters. The anarchists and libertarians do not make an exception. - JZ, 16.9.90.

ANARCHY: For Kant, anarchy is the union of freedom and rules in the absence of force (1798, Anthropologie in pragmatischer Hinsicht.).” - Gian Piero de Bellis, in his 2002 book manuscript on Polyarchy, 2002. - FORCE, FREEDOM, RULES, ORDER

ANARCHY: Government is Chaos - Anarchy is Order.” - Slogan quoted in PUNCH, 3.9.75.

ANARCHY: Government limited to administering justice and keeping the peace - equality before the law - is an essential adjunct to morality. Anarchy - each a law unto himself - is not a viable social philosophy.” - Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? 153. - When each is only a law unto himself, then, obviously, he and his will are not a law to anyone else! - JZ, n.d., & 27.1.93. - Why is it so much easier to show wrong moves on the chess board or in golf or tennis, than in arguments? Often only a slight and unnoticed deviation causes one to completely miss one’s aim and lose the game. - It seems necessary to involve many other writers and many readers in catching and recording such mistakes in texts and to mark them in future editions, which should also remain cheap and portable enough. The few comments, which happen every few years to decades by translators and editors, are not enough to sufficiently eliminate such mistakes. On the contrary, such comments tend to introduce their own mistakes. Micrographically and digitally, at least all significant works could thus be issued in revised editions every year or two. – Just ponder the options at a time when 3 million books or an equivalent page number would fit onto a cheap 1 TB external HD. During our present normal life-spans we can at most read only ca. 20,000 books in full. Think of having 3 million, regarding your special interest spheres, handy for reference purposes, right on your desk, with an inbuilt search engine. – As for otherwise interminable arguments, see the “argument mapping” proposals of Paul Monk et al online. - JZ 27.1.93, 6.11.08. –

ANARCHY: Has history not shown that when governments are destroyed, people not only manage to survive, but the basic fabric of society is maintained? Does society not depend more on individual self-control for stability and prosperity than on government control?” - Samuel L. Blumenfeld, in PENTHOUSE, Nov. 73. - Free societies depend only upon the support of their voluntary members, not upon State regulation, control or assistance. They come into their own and become self-supporting and independent and greatly varied as soon as the impositions of the territorial and monopolistic and coercive State disappear. They express the nature of individual men, with all their diverse abilities, skills and aspirations and release all their creative energies. - JZ, 28.1.93.

ANARCHY: He went on, in his rather paradoxical manner, to declare: ‘As man seeks justice in equality, so society seeks order in anarchy. Anarchy – the absence of a sovereign – such is the form of government to which we are every day approximating.” – Proudhon, in What is Property? Quoted by George Woodcock, in: The New Palgrave: The Invisible Hand, ed. By John Eatwell, Murray Milgate & Peter Newman, W. W. Norton, 1987/89, p.43. – He should have rather said: in equal freedom and in the absence of territorial sovereignty of one or a few of the population. – J.Z, 24.2.12. - JUSTICE, FREEDOM, EQUALITY, GOVERNMENT, SOVEREIGNTY, PROUDHON, , SOCIETY, NATURAL ORDER

ANARCHY: Hess: ... But all cooperation would be on a voluntary basis. As the French anarchist Proudhon said. ‘Liberty (is) not the daughter but the Mother of Order.’ - Playboy: That sounds like so much pie in the sky. Have any such societies ever existed? - Hess: The precedents I look to were the participatory democracies of the Greek city-states, many Irish cities up until the British occupation, some Indian villages under Mahatma Gandhi and the town meetings right here in America. Each of those anarchist societies produced great and honourable cultures.” - PLAYBOY, 7/76.

ANARCHY: I am an anarch, as any man who hopes for peace must be.” - J. Blish & Robert Lowndee, The Duplicated Man, p. 123.

ANARCHY: I am convinced that those societies (as the Indians) which live without government, enjoy in their general mass an infinitely greater degree of happiness than those who live under the European governments. Among the former, public opinion is in the place of law, and restrains morals as powerfully as laws ever did anywhere. Among the latter, under the pretence of governing, they have divided their nations into two classes, wolves and sheep.”- Thomas Jefferson, Letter, Paris, 16 Jan., 1787. - PUBLIC OPINION, CUSTOMS, RED INDIANS

ANARCHY: I am often asked if anarchy has ever existed in our world, to which I answer: almost all of your daily behavior is an anarchistic expression. How you deal with your neighbors, coworkers, fellow customers in shopping malls or grocery stores, is often determined by subtle processes of negotiation and cooperation. Social pressures, unrelated to statutory enactments, influence our behavior on crowded freeways or grocery checkout lines. If we dealt with our colleagues at work in the same coercive and threatening manner by which the state insists on dealing with us, our employment would be immediately terminated. We would soon be without friends were we to demand that they adhere to specific behavioral standards that we had mandated for their lives. --- Should you come over to our home for a visit, you will not be taxed, searched, required to show a passport or driver’s license, fined, jailed, threatened, handcuffed, or prohibited from leaving. I suspect that your relationships with your friends are conducted on the same basis of mutual respect. In short, virtually all of our dealings with friends and strangers alike are grounded in practices that are peaceful, voluntary, and devoid of coercion. --- A very interesting study of the orderly nature of anarchy is found in John Phillip Reid’s book, Law for the Elephant. Reid studied numerous diaries and letters written by persons crossing the overland trail in wagon trains going from St. Joseph, Missouri to Oregon and California. The institutions we have been conditioned to equate with “law and order” (e.g., police, prisons, judges, etc.) were absent along the frontier, and Reid was interested in discovering how people behaved toward one another in such circumstances. He discovered that most people respected property and contract rights, and settled whatever differences they had in a peaceful manner, all of this in spite of the fact that there were no “authorities” to call in to enforce a decision. Such traits went so far as to include respect for the property claims of Indians. The values and integrities that individuals brought with them were sufficient to keep the wagon trains as peaceful communities.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 60. – WILD WEST, :

ANARCHY: I have already mentioned ANARCHY, or the government of each man by himself - or as the English say, SELF-GOVERNMENT - as being one example of the liberal regime. Since the expression ‘anarchical government’ is a contradiction in terms, the system itself seems to be impossible and the idea absurd. However, it is only language that needs to be criticised.” - Proudhon, in S. Edwards, Proudhon, p.91.

ANARCHY: I often wonder whether we do not rest our hopes too much upon constitutions, upon law and upon courts. These are false hopes, believe me, these are false hopes. Liberty lies in the hearts of men and women; when it dies there, no constitution, no law, no court can save it; no constitution, no law, no court can even do much to help it. While it lies there it needs no constitution, no law, no courts to save it.” - Judge Learned Hand. - ANARCHY IN THE HEARTS, LAWS, CONSTITUTIONS, COURTS AND LIBERTY

ANARCHY: I prefer to think of anarchy as a way in which people deal with one another in a peaceful, cooperative manner; respectful of the inviolability of each other’s lives and property interests; resorting to contract and voluntary transactions rather than coercion and expropriation as a way of functioning in society.” - Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 60. – Even territorial statists do already act in this way and take it for granted in many of their daily activities. But they fail to apply this behavior consistently in all spheres. Anarchists should be able to get along with those statists, who do confine their statist system to their own volunteers. They might come to compare them with voluntary members of a very comprehensive insurance and protection company. As such, and operating in free competition with all other such corporations and with anarchistic and libertarian ones, they would have to offer much better services than any of the present territorial States do – or they would tend to lose more and more members and subscribers. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: I wait for the withering away of all governments.” - Allen Ginsberg. - It will only wither when it can no longer tax and conscript dissenters and order them around and when it is exposed to full competition from other suppliers of really wanted services. - JZ 27.1.93. – In short, when it loses all its territorial privileges and thus all its involuntary subjects and victims. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: If the principle of government were extended consistently and uniformly throughout society, true chaos would result - every civilised relationship would give way to the gun or knife: force, not persuasion. We have only the principle of Anarchy operating - the principle of no compulsion - to thank for the fact that the present social condition is not as faulty as it might be.” - Fred Woodworth, Anarchism, p.12. - The principle of no compulsion should also be extended to voluntary or merely exterritorially autonomous governments of volunteers and their personal laws. Most people are still archists and the ideals of most archists differ perhaps even more than those of most anarchists and libertarians. This is the only form or framework in which each could have the government or non-governmental society of his or her dreams. Thus ultimately, we must almost all of us come to subscribe to it, if we intend to survive. We cannot forever continue to exist as “nuclear giants and ethical infants”, as General Omar Bradley described us many years ago. - JZ, 27.1.93. – NUCLEAR TARGETS, NUCLEAR WAR READINESS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, TERRITORIAL POWER, COMPULSION & COERCION & TERRITORIAL “WEAPONS”

ANARCHY: In action anarchy is a guide to expectations: never expect others, particularly organized others, most particularly politically organized voters - never expect others to solve your problems. Seek advice, consult with friends, look anywhere you want for help, but never expect others to solve your problems. If you do, the best that can happen is that they will solve them too late, and the worst (and most likely) that will happen is that they will take away your ability to solve them yourself. You will quickly discover that those who came to save you from your problems have themselves become your problem.” - LIBERTY, Summer 74. - PROBLEMS, SELF-HELP, DELEGATION, REPRESENTATION, SELF-RELIANCE, EXPERTS, DECISION

ANARCHY: In final analysis, Walker saw both egoism and anarchism as logical extensions of the idea of laissez-faire whereby men are permitted to form social and political associations according to their free impulses and desires. (*) Proclaiming Proudhon the inspiration of this school of thought, Walker argued that “Anarchy in its strict and proper philosophical sense means ‘no tyranny,’ – the regulation of business altogether by voluntary and mutual contract.’” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.182, on James L. Walker. – (*) My view of panarchism. – JZ, n.d.

ANARCHY: In Germany the attack on democracy began before Hitler appeared on the scene. In Moeller von den Brueck’s remarkable work, THE THIRD REALM, published in 1922, Liberalism was denounced as the very gospel of anarchy, every man thinking exclusively of his own interests and caring nothing for society or the State. Such a creed of unredeemed selfishness, he contends, was not only unsuited to the problems of post-War Europe, but incurably wrong in itself. Spengler, the prophet...” - G. P. Gooch, Dictatorship in Theory and Practice, p.33. – Ulrich von Beckerath used to remark that all errors and prejudices are interconnected and so are all truths. Alas, we have still not managed to collect and refute all errors and prejudices systematically and to publish all truthful ideas together. – JZ, 6.11.08. – ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATION, IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERALISM, SELFISHNESS, SOCIETY, STATE

ANARCHY: Indeed, Shelley uses the word rather in the sense of ‘the forces of law and order when running riot’. Despite this possible ambiguity the poem has much to say concerning libertarian ideas and attitudes.” - Jim Huggn’s comment to his reproduction of Percy Bysshe Shelley’s “The Mask of Anarchy.” - One should also keep in mind that his times were much more censorious than our own and clear stands for anarchism were rather risky. - JZ, 28.1.93.

ANARCHY: It is no more than a slightly exuberant exaggeration to say that a government functions properly only if it is made up exclusively of saints, and an anarchy fails only if it is inhabited exclusively by devils.” - D. Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, 217. - Compare with this the Kantian idea, in “Eternal Peace”, that a properly constituted free society would even work for a society made up entirely of devils. For it would so balance their antagonistic aspirations that in their outward appearance and actions there would be no deviation from a genuine harmony that would appear caused entirely from the best of good will in a society of angels. I find it surprising that this extreme case description, of 1795, now almost 200 years old, is so little known, appreciated and developed. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHY: John Dewey, rebutting the devious use of the word as synonym of chaos and absence of any restraint, affirms that “even the theoretical anarchist, whose philosophy commits him to the idea that state or government control is an unmitigated evil, believes that with the abolition of the political state other forms of social control would operate: indeed, his opposition to governmental regulation springs from his belief that other and to him more normal modes of control would operate with abolition of the state. (1938, John Dewey, Experience and Education.)” - Gian Piero de Bellis, in his new, 2002 book manuscript on Polyarchy, 2002. - CHAOS, CONTROL, STATE, GOVERNMENT

ANARCHY: Just as man seeks justice in equality, society seeks order in anarchy. - Anarchy, that is the absence of a ruler or a sovereign. This is the form of government we are moving closer to every day. Because of the deep-rooted habit of taking one man as representing order and of taking his will as law, people regard us as the very summit of disorder and the embodiment of chaos.” - Proudhon, in S. Edwards, Proudhon, p.89.

ANARCHY: Law and freedom without coercion.” – Kant according to a quote in German, in ESPERO: “Gesetz und Freiheit ohne Gewalt.” - Law and freedom without violence.” - ascribed to Kant by Harry Pross, Prof. FU, Berlin, in Wochenausgabe der NATIONAL ZEITUNG, Basel, 14.12.74. - Where is this reference in Kant’s writings? - JZ

ANARCHY: Let anarchy drive out chaos.” - source? date? – Can that be done territorially or only exterritorially? – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Let me declare at the outset that in this paper I take it for granted that governmentlessness is an innocent state of affairs and requires no justification, but that the formation and continuance of political societies does.” - David B. Suits, JLS, Summer 77, p. 195. – It does do territorial States too much honour to call them “political societies”. They are rather organizations to suppress the general and any particular societies that might become effective competitors to them. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Liberalism and Marxism are based on knowledge. Anarchy is based on ignorance.” - Laurance Labadie, LIBERTY, Summer 74. - Imagined knowledge! - Awareness of our ignorance or our limited knowledge. - JZ, 26.1.93.

ANARCHY: Man can not only outlast but also rid himself of the Super-States - as soon as he makes up sufficient individual minds to do so. - JZ, 15.6.91.

ANARCHY: More anarchy, less chaos.” - Graffiti.

ANARCHY: My political opinions lean more and more towards anarchy ... The most improper job of any man, even saints, is bossing other men.” - J. R. R. Tolkien, Letters.

ANARCHY: Neither slave nor master. Equal liberty for all. Mutual aid. No centralised leadership.” – Open Mind Festival, 1986. - Within different panarchies and for their voluntary members quite different ideals and arrangements would be possible, too and yet would still fit into the anarchistic general framework of panarchism. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHY: No country under any government has any worthwhile future. - JZ, 25.12.92. - As you can see, even I do sometimes forget to add the words “territorial” or “monopolistic and coercive” before “government”. - JZ, 27.1.93.

ANARCHY: No government at all! No Church at all! No State at all! But will that then be absolute anarchy, the complete disorganisation of society? Yes, it will be anarchy from the point of view of politics or government. But it will be the organization of order, of justice, of liberty, of equality - that is to say, the organisation of human solidarity - from the point of view of economics and society.” - Michael Bakunin, The Political Theology of Mazzini, a fragment, 1871. - Why is it that when anybody mentions the word “solidarity” to me, I feel no sympathy towards him and his aspirations, no solidarity with him, no urge to act on his behalf, but, rather the urge to run away or to shoo him off? Maybe all those who approached me with that term had only flawed or despicable programmes to offer, like coercive unionists, socialists and communists? To me it has even less appeal than a stranger or a suspect coming up to me and asserting: You can trust me. Just give me your time, energy and your money or a blank cheque. – JZ, 27.1.93. – While in a way all humans are related to each other, we are certainly not all brothers and close to each other in feelings, ideas, aspirations etc. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Non-domination. - K.H.Z. Solneman. – Voluntary victims of non-territorial States are not dominated in the wrongful sense. They feel like members of sound and very comprehensive insurance companies – at least until they wake up out of their day dreams. Then they would be free to seceded from such systems. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: Oh, let them shout! They, who never desired to see the truth behind a word, will be unable to see the proper meaning of the word. They will remain blind among the blind.” - John Henry Mackay, in poem: Anarchy.

ANARCHY: On the other hand, I define anarchist society as one where there is no legal possibility for coercive aggression against the person or property of any individual.” – Murray N. Rothbard, THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 1/75. – Such a society could peacefully coexist with non-territorial Welfare States – and even worse forms of States, all confined to their voluntary victims. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: On the other hand, socialism vitalised by liberalism logically leads to the ideas of Godwin, Proudhon, Bakunin and their successors. The idea of reducing the state’s sphere of activity to a minimum, itself contains the germ of a much more far-reaching thought, namely, to overthrow the state entirely and to eliminate the will to power from human society.” – Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p. 238. - It would be so much more civilized to leave the statists to their own and self-chosen fate, not depriving them of their favourite toys, rituals, “leaders” and taxes – but let them have them, as long as they are willing to put up with them. The main aim should be to get out from under their system, without having to leave one’s country and without losing any single genuine right but, rather, potentially, gaining all of them. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: One of the most enslaving ideas of our time is the idea of revolution. Anarchy is not the way of mass revolution but of individual rebellion.” - LIBERTY, Summer 74. - I would say: secession instead of “rebellion”. JZ, 1/76.

ANARCHY: People with vastly different occupations and interests and lifestyles could live together because none of them would be capable of using a politician to threaten the others.” - Patrick Brooks, 2/71. – I.e. in a societal condition in which all territorial power monopolies are abolished. Volunteers, like e.g. monks, nuns, hermits and vegetarians, could restrict themselves as much as they like. – It is only territorially imposed statism and anarchism that has to be abolished or prevented. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: Rational and moral anarchy makes for order and peace, whilst every territorial government promotes disorder and war. - JZ, 14.11.82, 28.1.93. – However, such anarchies would have to be exterritorial ones and formed by volunteers only. – Then they could be as irrational and immoral in their own internal affairs, among their volunteers, as they want to be as long as they can stand this. - JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: Scientific investigation has discovered that cooperation is more natural and efficient than competition. It’s time to do away with government and make the world ... SAFE FOR ANARCHY.” - Jay Amrod, TANSTAAFL, Feb. 76, page 8. - How scientific is an examination that did not notice that cooperation and competition are not opposites but merely different aspects of free actions? To achieve the reported result, conditions of fully free cooperation (with probably ignored competitive aspects) must have been compared with competitive conditions that were only presumed to be free but in reality excluded competition, as well as cooperation, in several ways. For instance, the completion of competition through monetary and financial freedom and exterritorial autonomy is usually ignored. Thus I think that the above should be reworded into something like: Competition and cooperation, if fully free and consistently applied, are superior to monopolism and coercion and could make free societies win against totalitarian governments in an almost bloodless liberation struggle. - JZ, 27.1.93. – The world can only be made save through persistent voluntarism and exterritorial autonomy. It remains threatened through compulsory membership in or subordination to involved in each territorial regime, authority or system. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Seven or eight months following the assassination of Aurelian: “An amazing period of tranquil anarchy during which the Roman world remained without a sovereign, without a usurper, and without a sedition.” - Whittick, Bombs, 50. - INTERREGNUM

ANARCHY: shut up the people who want to restore the bureaucracy?’ - ‘Shut them up?’ He stopped and looked down at her. “We’re not. That’s what modified anarchy is all about - nobody shuts anybody up.’ ... ‘Without obedient local police, the government’s helpless. See, we pay taxes, ultimately, because cops have guns. But if there are no cops, no guns, then the crats can’t force the money out of us.’” - Kevin O’Donnell, Jr., Tears for Emily, in DESTINIES, 3/1. - Panarchies would see to it that each would only “shut” himself up, within communities of like-minded people, in his own favourite experimental system. And since their membership would be voluntary, all their tax contributions to it would be, too. - JZ, 28.1.93, 21.1.13.

ANARCHY: So that even if the absence of Government really meant Anarchy in the negative, disorderly sense of that word - which is far from being the case - even then no anarchical disorder could be worse than the position to which Governments have already led their peoples, and to which they are leading them.” - Tolstoy, Essays and Letters: Patriotism and Government, p.259.

ANARCHY: Socialism is planned chaos; anarchy is unplanned chaos.” - Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p.10. - Trying to express a love for liberty through a love for a supposedly limited government, one that has still a territorial monopoly and exclusive sovereignty, is like trying to express love for your wife by falling in love with a very demanding and domineering mistress. - JZ, 27.1.93. – JOKES, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM

ANARCHY: Sydney Harris defined democracy as “... the only system that persists in asking the Powers That Be whether they are the Powers That Ought to Be”. – READER’S DIGEST, Aug. 72. - Anarchism is the only system that questions all the Powers That Exist and also denies that any Powers Ought to Be. - JZ, 1977. - By now I deny only the rightful existence of territorial powers. Others, i.e. exterritorial powers or autonomies, are so relatively harmless or harmful only to their followers, that they are tolerable and even valuable as educational experiments for the participants and the observers. - JZ, 27.1.93. – EXTERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM & TOLERANCE VS. TERRITORIALISM AMONG ANARCHISTS & STATISTS ALIKE

ANARCHY: That every individual shall do as he likes, providing he does not interfere with the liberty of others.” - D. W. Brookhouse in Bob James, Australian Anarchism, p.9. – That should be applied not only by and to the anarchists and libertarians but also towards the  various kinds of statists and authoritarians, as long as they are not territorialists, i.e. do not try to dominate those, who disagree with them and would rather engage in their own activities and experiments, quite undisturbed and without interfering with other societies and communities of volunteers. Only territorialism is, by its very nature, intervening with the desires and activities of peaceful dissenters in the population. – JZ, 4.11.10. - NON-INTERFERENCE, NON-INTERVENTION, NON-INITIATION OF VIOLENCE, NON-VIOLENCE, NON-AGGRESSION, NON-DOMINATION

ANARCHY: That government is best which governs least.” - Jefferson. - “That government is best which governs not at all.” - Thoreau. - “The best government is no government.” - source? – That government or non-governmental society is best for its members which has been freely chosen by all of its members. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: The absence of any imposed ruling power or a condition of voluntarism in all creative, productive, self-responsible and defensive activities. If e.g. limited governments or even Welfare States or Monarchies confined themselves to upholding and protecting only the activities and institutions, rights and liberties of their own voluntary members, as well as they can, without trying to territorially impose them upon anyone else, why should any anarchists or libertarian oppose such utopian attempts? Let them try, let them fail, let them learn, if they can, from their own failures. – Experimental freedom for all. To each his own utopian attempts. - JZ, 5.11.92, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: The art of getting along with each other while respecting the differences between human beings and their groups, as long as no one lives at the expense of others and no one dominates others. That would be nothing else than anarchy.” - Horst Stowasser, Leben ohne Chef und Staat, S.105. - Alas, to plunder rich people and banks, without killing anyone, that is for him a “defence against expropriators”! - JZ, n.d. – It is the secondary “ideals” of most anarchists that are all too intolerant and prevents them from becoming tolerant panarchists. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: The choice is only between anarchy and chaos.” - source? date? – Anarchy or any other ism – for everybody, according to individual choice, under the experimental freedom of panarchism. Even chaos for its adherents, among themselves. – JZ, 6.11.08. – CHAOS, TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSORY ORDER VS. THE NATURAL ORDER & HARMONY OF PANARCHISM

ANARCHY: The consistent democracy finds in Anarchy its genuine realisation and completion.” - LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 3. - Self-government by individual consent, would reflect the individual differences of political points of view, i.e. every view of politics and would lead to the realisation of every political form and machinery, not only democratic ones, among volunteers. That would, definitely, be a very extended definition of democracy, since it would embrace e.g. republicanism, aristocracy, monarchy, even wanted dictatorships, besides, naturally, all kinds of anarchies. - JZ, 27.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ANARCHY: The fact that the word “anarchy” still evokes violence and disorder and the word “state” is, unbelievably, associated to peace and order.” - Gian Piero de Bellis, in his new, 2002 book manuscript on Polyarchy, 2002.  PEACE, STATE, ORDER, VIOLENCE

ANARCHY: The government of each man by himself, that is anarchy or self-government.” - Proudhon, 1863, Federalism, pp. 272-74, in S. Edwards, Proudhon, p. 103.

ANARCHY: The ideal republic is a positive anarchy. It is liberty free from all shackles, superstitions, prejudices, sophistries, usury, authority; it is reciprocal liberty and not limited liberty; liberty not the daughter but the Mother of Order.” - Pierre Joseph Proudhon, Qu’est-ce la propriete? 1840. - ORDER, LIBERTY

ANARCHY: The instant formal government is abolished, society begins to act. A general association takes place, and common interest produces common security.” - Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man, II, 1791. - Sometimes, it may take a while. People have been under tutelage and domination for so long. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: The liberation of society from the State.” - Erich Muehsam. – Liberation from the territorial State, with its compulsory membership or subjection, would be enough – and would also turn the present territorial States into forms of free societies, all with voluntary members only, whatever their remaining statists spleens may be, otherwise. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: The notion of anarchy in politics is just as rational and positive as any other. It means that once industrial functions have taken over from political functions, then business transactions and exchange alone produce the social order. In these conditions each man could call himself his own master, which is the very opposite of constitutional monarchy.” - Proudhon, Federalism, 1863, p.278, in S. Edwards, Proudhon, p.91.

ANARCHY: The ordinary man is an anarchist. He want to do as he likes. He may want his neighbour to be governed, but he himself doesn’t want to be governed. He is mortally afraid of government officials and policemen.” - G. B. Shaw, Address in N.Y., April 11,1933. – If only that were the truth. Unfortunately, the statists still form the vast majority. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: The sense of the word anarchy means a condition without domination. Absence of domination means freedom. A condition of freedom means order.” - J. H. Mackay, Abrechnung, 107.

ANARCHY: the social-individualistic equilibrium which is so basic to anarchist thinking.” - George Woodcock, The Anarchist Critic, article in OPEN ROAD, Summer 82.

ANARCHY: The word ‘anarchy’ unsettles most people in the Western world; it suggests disorder, violence, uncertainty. We have good reason for fearing these conditions, because we have been living intimately with them for a long time, not in anarchist societies ( there have never been any ) but in exactly those societies most fearful of anarchy - the powerful nation-states of modern times.” - Herbert Read, Anarchy & Order.

ANARCHY: The world’s drift “has been not towards anarchy but towards the re-imposition of slavery.” - George Orwell, quoted from Harvard Crimson Supplement, 1972.

ANARCHY: There has never been an example of a perfect community, and it is unlikely, whatever degree of civilisation, morality and wisdom man may reach, that all trace of government and authority will disappear. But while the community is the dream of most socialists, anarchy is the ideal of the economists’ school of thought, which boldly aims at abolishing all forms of government and constituting society solely on the basis of property and free labour.” - Proudhon, 1963, Federalism, pp. 288-291, in S. Edwards, Proudhon, p. 105.

ANARCHY: They made and recorded a sort of institution and digest of anarchy, called the Rights of Man.” - Edmund Burke, Speech, Works, iii, 221. - Since most of these codes were compiled by officials or statists, unionists etc. vying for state power, they are thus only officially acceptable and correspondingly flawed “codes for anarchy”, I have attempted to collect and digitized private human rights declarations, over 130 of them (by 2008 also digitized), in PEACE PLANS Nos. 589-590. More such drafts are wanted for future issues - and improved editions of those already compiled. - JZ, 28.1.93. – Alas, I have encountered no interest among “freedom lovers” to discuss & improve this collection and thus to work towards an ideal code of individual rights and liberties. To that extent they are mostly still statists or even opponents of genuine individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 6.11.08. - HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS DECLARATIONS

ANARCHY: This was a kind of border that might be called no-man’s land. - Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, ii, 563. - “The most famous No Man’s Land in the U.S. was a strip of territory 35 miles wide and 167 miles long, ceded to the Government by Texas in 1850, and without any form of government until incorporated with Oklahoma in 1890. It was the refuge of outlaws and hostile Indians.” - from a dictionary of quotations. – NO MAN’S LAND

ANARCHY: Thus he stands at the border between two worlds and anew epoch in the life of mankind begins with him, the epoch of freedom! - We have still found no better name for it than that of anarchy: An order constituted through mutual interests, instead of the so far existing chaos of power, the exclusive sovereignty of the individual over his personality instead of his subjection, self-responsibility for his actions instead of his subjection, his uniqueness!” – John Henry Mackay, Max Stirner, p.176. – To the extent that statists will recognize individual sovereignty, voluntarism and exterritorial autonomy they will, at least initially, establish diverse panarchies for their diverse statists. Why should anarchists or libertarians object to that, rather than inviting them to practise this kind of experimental freedom or utopism, exterritorially, among themselves, their kind of volunteers? After all, they still form the vast majority and anarchists will not get this freedom recognized for themselves until they manage to demand it not only for themselves but for everybody. – J.Z, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: To educate the wise man, the State exists; and with the appearance of the wise man, the State expires.” - Emerson, Essays, 2nd. series: Politics. - Where are or who were all the people in whom State education, and nothing else, has raised wisdom, during the last 150 years??? - JZ, 28.1.93. – Seeing the lack of wisdom, the State was, apparently, not very effective in spreading it, sufficiently to – according to Jefferson, abolish itself. Or was the fear of being abolished by genuine education its motive for introducing compulsory “education” under government control? – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: True, in the international sphere, the great problem has been anarchy; but this is not anarchism (the deliberate elimination of government for cooperative living). It is, in fact, due to an EXCESS OF ORDER in the national states, which under the rule of obedience to law, are able to send their citizens again and again into the maelstrom of trans-national murder, without the deterrent effect of civic resistance.” - Howard Zinn: Disobedience & Democracy, p.17. – Here he calls the international confrontations of territorial monopolists and coercers – Anarchism! What he means is merely the absence of a still more powerful territorial, i.e. world-wide monopolist standing over these territorial monopolists, i.e. the absence of a world State or world federation! – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Tyranny, bad as it is, is better than anarchy; and the worst of governments is more tolerable than no government at all.” - Lord Chief Justice Camden: Judgment in the Case of the Seizure of Papers, 1765. - What he calls anarchy is usually the ruthless fight between several contenders for territorial, monopolistic and coercive power, it is something that should rather be called “multi-archy” or “poly-archy”, when such contenders fight it out on the backs and at the expense of their subjects. - JZ, 12.7.86, 27.1.93, 6.11.08. – , TYRANNY, TERRITORIALISM

ANARCHY: We anarchists are enemies of the State because we want liberty and order. Liberty and order are only guaranteed by anarchy, the absence of domination. Only the Anarchists were always defenders and protectors of a mature society.” - LERNZIEL ANARCHY, Nr. 3. (“ In diesem Sinne, naemlich ...) – Territorialism is the worth form of domination. Without it numerous, diverse experiments among volunteers become peacefully possible and thus peace, international justice, freedom, prosperity and progress are assured and their realization speeded up. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ANARCHY: We live today in the purest anarchy! - runs the complaint from all sides. Alas, we do not live in an anarchy but under an archy.” – John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, 136. – Not all anarchists want to live under a single form of anarchy, either. Nor all statists under a single form of statism. To each his own! Under voluntarism and exterritorial autonomy this would be possible. – JZ, 6.11.08. – PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, TOLERANCE

ANARCHY: We need more anarchy, not the chaos produced by every territorial government. - JZ, 12.4.89. - JZ 12.4.89, 6.11.08.

ANARCHY: Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.” - Thomas Jefferson, Letter to Edward Carrington, Jan. 16, 1787. - FREE PRESS & GOVERNMENT

ANARCHY: What do you want? Chaos or Anarchism?” - Owen Warrington, in the early 70-ties. - CHAOS

ANARCHY: What does it mean? Say what you mean. A single word is usually not enough. A little too much of too little! - JZ, 25.1.93. – Painting a big A in a circle is even worse. How much enlightenment on anarchism has this symbol spread? – JZ, 5.11.08. – There are dozens of different meanings and definitions of it, many of them, in their hyphenated wordings, even opposites of each other. See my anarchist spectrum at - JZ, 20.1.13.

ANARCHY: what Gorky calls ‘the instinctive anarchy of the individual’, ...” - Herbert Read, Anarchy and Order, p.79.

ANARCHY: what is ‘without ruler’, the literal meaning of the root of the word, is not necessarily ‘without order’, the meaning often loosely ascribed to it.” - Herbert Read, Anarchy and Order, p.35. - “... what is ‘without ruler’... is not necessarily ‘without order’...” - Patricia Mills, in THE MATCH, 2/75.

ANARCHY: What is usually called anarchy, in the sense of chaos and disorder, is usually the result of excess archies or of excess territorial governing: Too many governments trying to govern, each whole territories, each all too much over whole populations, even over foreign territories and populations. The degrees to which the individual subjects want any government, are ignored, as well as the desires of those who do not want any government but would be content with their own societal arrangements. – Such governmentalism or territorial imperialism must inevitably create disorder, at least until all of us become transformed into uniform model robots, i.e., cease to be individual human beings. - JZ, 11.11.76, 27.1.93.

ANARCHY: When arguments among delegates stalled the Pennsylvania constitutional convention for several months in its business of setting up a new government, life in the commonwealth passed uneventfully. Benjamin Franklin is said to have warned the delegates: ‘Gentlemen, you see that in the anarchy in which we live, society manages much as before. Take care, if our disputes last too long, that the people do not come to think that they can very easily do without us.” – Jerome Tuccille, Radical Libertarianism, p.23. – GOVERNMENT, JOKES, POLITICIANS, PEOPLE, REPRESENTATIVES

ANARCHY: Z: I suppose that the above quotes and remarks on anarchism, anarchists and anarchy do not amount to more than 10% of what has been shortly said on these subjects in some different wordings and terms and in different languages. The percentage might even be much lower. To gather and add the rest to this compilation is largely up to you. I also leave it to you to select or formulate the best ones. If anarchists do not take sufficient interest in their world of ideas to undertake this and all the related tasks, that’s just too bad for them. - JZ, 28.1.93.

ANATIONALISM: Over the past few years there has been a movement in economic circles toward ‘international’ or ‘multinational’ corporations, which seems a good thing to me. However, ‘multinationalism’ is only a small step in the right direction. The logical extension of this trend is into ‘anationalism’, a phenomenon we shall certainly be hearing more about in the years to come. - Briefly, several major corporations are now contemplating moving their facilities out to sea beyond the legislative reaches of all national governments. This is certainly one aspect, and an important one, of the libertarian dream come true. First a national corporations; then, inevitably, communities, power plants, airports, schools, shops, research centres, eventually completely self-contained societies trading and communicating with other autonomous anational societies. A network of free, apolitical, private societies rising up as an alternative to increasingly debt-ridden, decaying nations-states.” - Jerome Tuccille, Libertarian Handbook, 1973. - Compare the origin and rise of “free cities”. But should we leave all of terra firma to the enemies? A retreat to “ocean freedom” or “Formosa/Taiwan” makes only sense when it is temporary and ultimately a liberation of the mainland is aimed at. This also requires the liberation of the remaining sects of communists and socialists, so that they can pursue their diverse ideals safe from prosecution by a temporarily predominant territorial sect. - JZ, 26.9.02.

ANATIONALISM: The 1990, under the leadership of the world’s first reanimato, marked the beginning of the anationalist age. - Disney was not the first to set up headquarters at Sea. In 1975 Burlington Industries became the first corporation to build an island headquarters in the Atlantic Ocean, two hundred miles east of New York City. There, in international waters, the company was no longer subject to the laws of any nation and was free to trade in the international marketplace without restrictions.” - Tuccille, Here Comes Immortality, 107. – OCEAN FREEDOM

ANCESTRY: I don’t know who my grandfather was; I am more concerned to know what his grandson will be.” - Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865. - See Nobility, Aristocracy. - Like most rulers, Lincoln, too, was more concerned with his own career than with the numerous victims of his power politics. - He was a power addict or power monger rather than a liberator. - The decree on partly liberating slaves was merely an incidental effort, late in the civil war. The subjugation of all of the States - under him was his main target. Moreover, he was a protectionist rather than a free trader. A conqueror rather than a liberator. How many slaves were “freed” at the costs of over half a million lives? - If the total and merely money costs of the war, to the victorious North, were divided by the number of slaves “freed”, then how much could have been paid to purchase the liberty of each slave? - I suppose that would have been much more than the “market” price of a slave. But that personal liberty was never the main objective. - JZ, 26.9.02. – CIVIL WAR, SLAVERY, LIBERATION, LINCOLN

             ANGEL: I never met an angel I liked.” - Robert Heinlein, Job, p.283. - JOKES

ANGER: A man who does not know how to be angry does not know how to be good.” - Henry Ward Beecher, Proverbs from Plymouth Pulpit, 1887.

ANGER: And the trouble is that angry action is so much easier for men than is the slow, hard process of thinking. - Michael Yamin, The Dreamers, ASTOUNDING SF, December 1947, p. 67. - THINK, PREJUDICES, JUMPING TO THE WRONG CONCLUSIONS. Compare: COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILIT

ANGER: Anger begins in folly, and ends in repentance.” - Pythagoras. - FOLLY, REPENTANCE

ANGER: Anger cannot win; it cannot even think clearly.” - Dwight D. Eisenhower.

ANGER: Anger carried to excess begets madness.” - Epicurus, quoted by Seneca, Letters XVIII, page 69. Seneca commented, ibid: “The outcome of violent anger is a mental raving, and therefore anger is to be avoided not for the sake of moderation but for the sake of sanity.” - MADNESS

ANGER: Anger is a bad counsellor.” - French proverb.

ANGER: Anger is a confession of helplessness.” - Rathenau.

ANGER: Anger is a noble infirmity; the generous failing of the just; the one degree that riseth above zeal, asserting the prerogative of virtue.” - Tupper. - PASSION, FEELINGS

ANGER: Anger is a short madness.” - Horaz. – Some kinds of anger last for years, decades and even a life-time. If it is true that stress is life-shortening, that we can bear only a certain amount of it, then a persistent anger would shorten our lives. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANGER: Anger is as a stone cast into a wasp’s nest.” - Malabar Proverb.

ANGER: Anger is often only a mask for envy.” - Lothar Schmidt. – ANTI-AMERICANISM, ANTI-CAPITALISM, ANTI-SEMITISM

ANGER: Anger is the most impotent of passions. It effects nothing it goes about, and hurts the one who is possessed by it more than the one against whom it is directed.” - Clarendon.

ANGER: Anger is useful only when guided by reason and moral sense.” - JZ, 15.11.85.

ANGER: Anger, if not restrained, is frequently more hurtful to us than the injury that provokes it.” - Seneca, STOICISM, SELF-CONTROL

ANGER: Anger: an acid that can do more harm to the vessel in which it is stored than to anything on which it is poured.” - Seneca.

ANGER: Anybody can become angry - that is easy; but to be angry with the right person, and to the right degree, and at the right time, and for the right purpose, and in the right way - that is not within everybody’s power and is not easy.” - Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics. – Two other versions: “Anyone can become angry. That is easy. But to be angry with the right person, to the right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose and in the right way - that is not easy.” - Aristotle, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 10.81. - “It is easy to fly into a passion - anybody can do that - but to be angry with the right person to the right extent and at the right time and with the right object and in the right way - that is not easy, and it is not everyone who can do it.” - Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 4th c. B.C., 2.9, tr. K. Thomson.

ANGER: Beware of him that is slow to anger; for when it is long coming, it is the stronger when it comes, and the longer kept. Abused patience turns to fury.” - Quarles.

ANGER: Can heavenly minds yield to such rage? - Virgil [Publius Virgilius Maro], Aeneid, I, 11. - RAGE

ANGER: Consider how much more you often suffer from your anger and grief, than from those very things for which you are angry and grieved.” - Marcus Antoninus.

ANGER: Direct your anger positively – not to the punishment of supposed culprits but to the abolition of the real and main causes, laws and institutions that make the existing wrongs and harms possible and even likely to occur. - JZ, 5.8.92, 6.11.08, 4.11.10. – However, there are also some real culprits. But your anger will only very rarely lead to their improvement. JZ, 6.11.08. - PERSONAL THINKING, CAUSAL THINKING

ANGER: Do not let anger control you. Control your anger.” - Radio preacher, 23.1.75.

ANGER: Have people lost the capacity to become morally indignant and angry? Or are there so many injustices done to them simultaneously that they acquiesce, like Gulliver did, to the numerous small ties put upon him on the beach of Lilliput? - JZ, 28.1.77. - Or are they simply aware how powerless their rulers have made them? - JZ, 17.11.78. - SALAMI TACTICS, CONSCIOUSNESS, GRADUALISM, INDIGNATION

ANGER: He that cannot be angry is no man.” - Thomas Dekker, The Honest Whore, I, 1604.

ANGER: Holding on to anger is like grasping a hot coal with the intent of throwing it at someone else; you are the one getting burned.” - Buddha

ANGER: How much more grievous are the consequences of anger than the causes of it?” - Marcus Aurelius, Meditations, XI, c.170.

ANGER: I absolutely disagree with you” - is no occasion for bad temper but, rather, an invitation to check one’s own premises and positions, seeking correction or improvement - at least refinement in exposition.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.91.

ANGER: it was insane not to get angry, in atrocious situations.” - Poul Anderson, Orbit Unlimited, 32.

ANGER: Losers get angry.” – From film “Blue Ice”, with Michael Caine. – Under panarchism everyone can be a winner with his system, if it is a good enough one. And if it isn’t, then he should be angry only with himself, - for have chosen it all too uncritically. – JZ, 20.8.08. – RED.

ANGER: Master of your own anger - master of all.” - proverb, quoted by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, in August 14, p. 706.

ANGER: Never get angry at the other person’s ignorance. He has no monopoly on that. No doubt the other sincerely believes his position is right. The extent to which he cannot explain his belief is one measure of his ignorance.” - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.138.

ANGER: No creative act was ever done in anger. One never reflects or thinks when thus impassioned.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.196.

ANGER: Of the seven deadly sins, anger is possibly the most fun. To lick your wounds, to smack your lips over grievances long past, to roll over your tongue the prospect of bitter confrontations still to come, to savour to the last toothsome morsel both the pain you are given and the pain you are giving back - in many ways it is a feast fit for a king. The chief drawback is that what you are wolfing down is yourself. The skeleton at the feast is you.” - Frederich Buechner, Wishful Thinking. - LOVE, HATE, AMIABILITY, TOLERANCE, INTOLERANCE

ANGER: Once you act in anger, you become nothing more than a twitching mass on the end of somebody else’s string...” - George T. McCallum, LIBERTARIAN OPTION, 1/75.

ANGER: Our anger and impatience often prove more mischievous than the things about which we are angry and impatient.” - Marcus Aurelius.

ANGER: The difference between a conviction and a prejudice is that you can explain a conviction without getting angry.” - From the Quotable Quotations Book, edited by Alec Lewis. - CONVICTIONS, PREJUDICE

ANGER: The size of a man can be measured by the size of the thing that makes him angry.” - J. Kenfield Morley, Some Things I Believe, 1937.

ANGER: To be angry is to revenge the faults of others upon ourselves.” - Alexander Pope, Thoughts on Various Subjects, 1727.

ANGER: Touch me with noble anger.” - Shakespeare: King Lear, II, 1606. - And keep your ignoble anger to yourself! - JZ, 12.7.86.

ANGER: Truth not advanced by name-calling, nagging, preachments. Freedom philosophy harmed by angry protagonists.” - Read, Let Freedom Reign, VII.

ANGER: Use anger productively - for liberation only. - JZ, 23.1.75.

ANGER: Usually when people are sad, they don’t do anything. They just cry over their condition. But when they get angry, they bring about a change.” - Malcolm X. But only rarely a change for the better. Cool heads should prevail even in revolutions. The others tend to be merely murderers, arsonists and other destroyers. - Libertarians and anarchists should draft a program for a “cool” and really liberating revolution or resistance. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - FURY

ANGER: When angry, count ten before you speak; if very angry, count a hundred.” - Thomas Jefferson. - SELF-CONTROL

ANGER: When the wise get angry, they lose their wisdom.” - Talmud.

ANGER: Whenever a person angrily projects his philosophy, he either does not understand it well, or else it is not worthy of projection.” - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.93.

ANGER: You couldn’t get into a man’s mind with reason while it was inflamed with anger; the prejudice screen was at its strongest then.” - Mark Clifton & Frank Riley, They’d Rather Be Right, p.32. (SF)

ANIMAL LIBERATIONIST: One who fights for the rights of rats; one who proves that egalitarianism is for the birds.” - L.A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon.

ANIMAL LIBERATIONIST: The more people are ignorant of or non-appreciative of individual human rights, the more they seem to be interested in the rights of animals, insects and weeds. And rather than growing and keeping them as their pets or wild beings, on their own rightfully acquired properties and parks, in the majority of instances, they want other people to foot the bills for their preferences. To that extent they are inhuman and anti-human, and have reduced themselves to wild beasts of prey against peaceful human beings doing their own thing. However, I have some tiny use for them: I want them to find out for me how horses and cows know where to nibble or lick on another horse or cow, to stop itching: “Social animals perform many little services for each other; horses nibble, and cows lick each other, on any spot which itches; monkeys search each other for external parasites.” - Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man, IV, 1871.

ANIMAL LOVERS: the sort of man who feels noble and distinguished when a dog licks his hand.” – H. L. Mencken, Prejudices, Second Series, p.172. - PETS, DOGS

ANIMAL RIGHTS: Animal rights advocates are all too often in favor of releasing animals into the world but not for releasing humans into full liberty. Nor are they all in favor of releasing e.g. all sheep, goats, pigs, cats, dogs and cattle into what is left of the wilderness, or “holy cows” into the streets. And often they seem to prefer animal rights to human rights. –JZ, 17.8.94, 21.9.08.

ANIMAL RIGHTS: Are they rights? What are their rights? List them and reason for them! Do all people have all rights, regardless of their age, mental capacity and actions? Do all animals have all rights of human beings? How could they realize their freedom of press and information? Are they inherent for them? Are they derived from their rational and moral characteristics, as many of those of man are? I postulate that animals are not sufficiently rational to be able to understand and apply all rights and responsibilities of adult and rational human beings. Moreover, although they are like human babies and infants in their mentality, they do not have the capacity, in most instances, to develop much further towards rationality and morality. They may, like dogs, have some comprehension of property but hardly any of exchange. As self-respecting, rational and moral beings, we owe them at least the avoidance of cruel treatment and unnecessary killing. In our own interest, we ought to do something to preserve their various species and ours is almost the only species which has realized that and does already do something about it. Others live mostly only in some symbiotic relationships with some other species. - But such obligations and interests ought to be pursued only by volunteers. Government reservations and ghettos were not even very successful and just - in their treatment of slightly different human beings. Most government-run and coercively financed zoos are nothing to be very proud of. Once all our individual human rights are recognized and realized, we would also have much more resources, time, energy and interests to help other and lesser creatures. Thus, individual human rights first! - JZ, 29.1.93.

ANIMAL RIGHTS: There is, in fact, rough justice in the quip that ‘we will recognize the rights of animals whenever they petition for them.’ The fact that animals can obviously NOT petition for their ‘rights’ is part of their nature and part of the reason why they are clearly not equivalent to, and do not possess the rights of, human beings. And if it be protested that babies can’t petition either, the reply of course is that babies are future human adults, whereas animals obviously are not.” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.156. The following are two relevant footnotes: “For an attack upon the supposed rights of animals, see Peter Geach, Providence and Evil, Cambridge U.P., 1977, p. 79-89; and Geach, The Virtues, p. 19. - Cf. the brief discussion of man and comparable creatures in John Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, N.Y., 1965, p.291.”

ANIMAL SHELTER: A death camp for dogs and cats. In 1978, Guy Hodges, a director of the Humane Society, gave the following information to the Associated Press: More than 7.5 million dogs end up in animal shelters each year. Only one in 13 of those dogs will ever be adopted or returned to their owners. Except for a small percentage used in research and therapy, the other 6.9 million will be destroyed. Most dogs are destroyed with an injection of barbiturates, the most humane method, causing death in a matter of seconds. Some are gassed with carbon monoxide, and others are destroyed in decompression chambers where they die from lack of air. Most animal shelters cremate the dogs on the premises. Others are taken to landfills, and a small number are used by industry, such as for making soap. Some furriers buy dog skins. All in all, it’s a veritable HOLOCAUST of hounds.” - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon.” - Nor do I consider compulsory sterilisation to be a very loving act towards them, either, or the drowning of their young. - But what can we expect from humans when annually ca. 40 - 100 million unborn babies are killed by their own parents, with professional assistance? That vast annual holocaust worries me more even than the mass murder by the Nazis and Soviets. No rational being could doubt the humanity of the victims of Hitler’s and Stalin’s prosecutions. But by the curious standards which are still prevailing, they were at least to some degree strangers, aliens and foreigners (never a sufficient excuse for their murder or suppression!) and not the own children! - JZ, 29.1.93. – The last figure I saw on annual number of abortions in the world was even 300 million. Which figure is approximately right I do not know. – JZ, 21.1.12. - ABORTION

ANSWERS: If we can really understand the problem the answer will come out of it, because the answer is not separate from the problem.” - Krishamurti, The Penguin Krishnamurti Reader. - I never thought I would feel like quoting him. For I cannot remember any worthwhile answer or solution that he had to offer – My father was one of his fans. I never understood why. - JZ, 6.11.08. - QUESTIONS, PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS.

ANSWERS: That I know precisely the right words is not claimed; indeed, my thesis is that neither I nor anyone else has all the answers. - Yet it behoves us to bring as much light to the surface as lies within our power. Where are the answers to be found? Not in governmental management of creative activities! They are not to be found in the planned economy and the welfare state, but in the absence of these arrangements, which is to say, IN THE PRACTICE OF FREEDOM. For it is only in an essentially free society that unknown answers to problems of this nature emerge from the minds of men and become known. Freedom, with all the answers there are, is allowed to perform when coercion, which has no answers, is removed. This is my thesis.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, XIV. Elsewhere, he said, much more concisely: “Release all creative energies.” Alas, he never asked or pushed for an ideas archive, as suggested in PP 183 or for panarchic and exterritorial and competitive experimental freedom among volunteers, as suggested in my On Panarchy series. - JZ 29.1.93. – LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, LIBERTARIAN ENCYCLOPAEDIA, LIBERTARIAN ABSTRACTS & REVIEW COLLECTION, LIBERTARIAN IDEAS ARCHIVE, ARGUMENT MAPPING, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

ANSWERS: To have the answer, you must first know the question.” - heard on Prime TV, 11.8.91. Or, rather, be able to put the right question. – JZ, 22.1.13.

ANTAGONISTIC INTERESTS: Therefore, those schools of thought that start with the assumption that men’s interests are antagonistic to one another have never yet done anything to solve the problem except to eliminate liberty. They are still trying to ascertain which, out of all the infinite forms that coercion can assume, is the right one, or indeed, if there is any right one. And, if they ever do reach any agreement as to which form of coercion they prefer, there will still remain the final difficulty of getting all men everywhere to accept it freely.” - Bastiat, Economic Harmonies, FEE, 1968, p. xxii, quoted in The Love of Liberty, by L. E. Read, p. 49. - HARMONIES, INTERESTS, SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS, PRESSURE GROUPS, EGOISM, SELFISHNESS, ALTRUISM, COERCION, COMPULSION, PANARCHISM

ANTARCTICA: Seeing that some ecologists have become so irrational as to demand the total abstention from using a whole continent, and be it only for mining, and although it may be the most suitable continent for this, precisely for ecological reasons, the least number of species and living beings being interfered with thereby, in this location, one might have expected even government bureaucrats to be rational enough to reject such proposals. Instead, an international treaty of this kind seems to have become ratified for this, after much expensive advertising. These kinds of ecologists are well on the road to making man the most endangered species on earth in their worship of the Goddess of Earth: Gaia. Like any religious fanatics, they are neither well informed not rational nor morally self-controlled but ready to sacrifice everybody for their beliefs. If only they would start with themselves! - JZ, 16.3.86, 29.1.93. - However, the case is interesting as a radical demand, first by only a few crackpots, being relatively soon embodied in an international treaty. I guess no bureaucrat or politician had any strong vested interest there or many votes to lose in that “electorate”. - JZ, 1.2.93. - CONSERVATIONISM

ANTHEM, AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL: Australia’s National Anthem: “Advance Australia Fair”, has been renamed: Advance Australia Where?” - quoted to JZ, 9/74. One might also ask: How and why  and upon whose command and by what means? - APHTONIOS, NATIONAL AIMS, AMERICANISM, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM

ANTHROPOCENTRIC: Centring in man, regarding man as the central fact of the universe, to which all surrounding facts have reference.” - Dictionary definition. - To that extent I am a nationalist or humanist, in favour of my human nation, or mankind. - JZ, 5/73, 29.1.93.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: America has freed the world and the world cannot forgive her for that.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought, p. 4. - America has not sufficiently freed itself and the world and I for one cannot forgive “her” for that. - JZ, 29.1.93. - Even in the U.S. not a single comprehensive freedom library has been established so far! - JZ, 26.9.02.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: For a good many years now America has been more or less under the sway of the notion that society should be reconstructed, controlled, and directed by government.” - Clarence B. Carson, There Ought Not To Be A Law, THE FREEMAN, 6/76, p. 341. - To that extent I am Anti-American, too. - JZ, 29.1.93.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: For example, the non-whites in North Carolina alone own more automobiles than all the people in Russia; ...” - Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, 1975, p. 90. - Later some managed to turn this fact against the U.S. and into an argument in favour of the Soviet regime! Less exhaust gases! Why bother asking the consumers what they would prefer? Without the government patent system we might long ago have got around to using non-polluting cars. - JZ, 29.1.93.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: Hess: I could understand an American New Left position that favoured socialism in the Arab states, but most of the Arab nations are feudal. They’re actually pre-capitalist! I think what you’ve hit on here is perhaps the gravest weakness of the American Left today: a reflexive hatred of anything American (*). If an American doctor cured cancer tomorrow, there would be people on the Left who would call it a plot by the drug companies.” - PLAYBOY interview, 7/76. – (*) Excepting the American Left! - JZ.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: Our lack of poverty is called materialism, our lack of political dogma is called aimlessness and confusion.” - Putlitzer Prize historian Daniel J. Boorstin, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p. 564. - The extensive ideological influence of long out-dated and refuted European thoughts upon the U.S.A. has finally born fruit there, too, by creating artificially and by interventionist law, under the pretence of doing good, very extensive poverty, which would not have occurred without this ideologically motivated interventionism. If Americans had been less “idealistic” and more pragmatic, they would merely have let all the leftist experiments go ahead, quite autonomously, exterritorially and under their own personal laws and constitutions, among their first followers. Their volunteers would soon have disappointed themselves and taught themselves and outside observers the necessary lessons. Their movement would never have become large enough to establish again and change territorial legislation in their favour, for the whole country, and all their opponents, thus running the whole country down, without individuals and minorities being left free to opt out of this mess. - JZ, 29.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ANTI-AMERICANISM: The Anti-Americanism of all too many Americans is often no more moral and rational than the Anti-Americanism of many of the leftist foreigners. - JZ, 23.8.01. Notions of Americanism are often as vague and wrong as are those of capitalism. - JZ, 31.1.02.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: The intellectuals had been fretful about the Americanization of Europe (*) the crumbling of old culture before the mechanised barbarism of soft drinks, hard sells, enormous chrome-plated automobiles (dollar grins, the Danes had called them), chewing gum, plastics ... None of them had protested the simultaneous Europeanisation of America: bloated government, unlimited armament, official nosiness, censors, secret police, chauvinism ... Well, for a while there had been objectors, but first their own excesses and silliness discredited them, then later...” - Poul Anderson, Sam Hall. – (*) In trivial things, as trivial as most of the concerns of most of the intellectuals, who happen to have no rational and moral programme for most of the major problems of our times. - JZ

ANTI-AMERICANISM: The muddle in many heads, made up of egalitarianism, anti-capitalism, hatred of corporations, of wealth, fear of competition, indiscriminate love of cooperation, economic ignorance and prejudices regarding interest, rent, profit, property, prices, wages, self-management etc. - JZ, 23.8.01.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: The single threat running through these allegations is the assignment of guilt to those who have been successful in finding the way to provide themselves not only the necessities but also some pleasures of life. I am not praising extravagance or conspicuous consumption. The point is that Americans enjoy more of the world’s goods because they produce more of them. If they were prevented from enjoying them they would stop producing them.” - John C. Sparks, THE FREEMAN, 5/75. - Now they are, all too often, stopped from producing them, although they would still like to produce and consume them. - JZ, 29.1.93.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: The state of America today is that of a country about which there are more lies told by Americans than were dreamt of in Moscow, Peking or Havana.” - Arnold Beichman, Nine Lies About America, Nash, before 1972.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: There are those in this country whose pleasure, or profit, is to believe that our assailants are motivated by what is wrong about us ... we are assailed because we are a democracy.” - Daniel P. Moynihan, TIME, 18.12.78. - One could even say that America is assailed out of envy, because it is more successful! - JZ 4.6.82. - And because its freedom tradition and potential are still so large that they might suddenly come to fruition not only in the U.S. but in the rest of the world, to the disadvantage of all oppressive and exploitative governments and their “intellectual” supporters. - JZ, 29.1.93.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: What is hard to understand is why so many people, who cannot point out many great achievements of their own, far less steps towards more individual liberty, can run down major U.S. achievements - however presently suppressed by American statism - concentrating only upon remaining and relatively few and minor evils - when they are not due to statism, condemning everything American, even the whole internal opposition, wholesale. They sound ready for their kind of cure: mass murder devices whose targets are whole countries. - JZ, 29.1.93.

ANTI-AMERICANISM: When people reveal themselves indiscriminately as anti-Americans, what are they actually opposing? E.g. American bureaucracy of the American mixed economy or the remnants of free enterprise? The formal constitution or its all too belated and incomplete bill of rights amendments? American racists or the attempts to legislate against them? The officially sanctioned and limited market activities or the extensive black market activities? American taxation or the wide-spread attempts to avoid it? American paintings, jazz, writers or sportsmen? American nuclear weapons or Coca Cola and Computers? Which specific national, racial, social, economic or cultural component of the melting pot do they oppose most and which not at all? Are any of these features they oppose, not to be found in other nations and not opposed to a large extent in America itself? - Whoever condemns the beliefs, actions and institutions of hundreds of millions of people indiscriminately, wholesale, has not got all his marbles together and is well on the road to start another holocaust, He is the danger, not what he attacks. - JZ, 21.9.81. - AMERICANISM, NATIONALISM, COMMUNISM, SOCIALISM, LEFTISM, YANKEES

ANTI-CAPITALISM: The immense majority of the world’s population is extremely poor when compared with the average standard of living in capitalist (*) nations. But this poverty does not explain their propensity to adopt the communist program. They are anti-capitalistic because they are blinded by envy, ignorant and too dull to appreciate correctly the causes of their distress. There is but one means to improve their material conditions, namely, to convince them that only capitalism can render them more prosperous.” – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.141. - Unfortunately, Mises did not include e.g. full monetary freedom in his vision for capitalism, nor cooperative forms of production, nor competing governments and communities for “public services”. - JZ, 29.1.93. - CAPITALISM, SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM – (*) already or still somewhat capitalistic! – JZ

ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY: All people, however fanatical they may be in their zeal to disparage and to fight capitalism, implicitly pay homage to it by passionately clamoring for the products it turns out.” - Ludwig von Mises - CONSUMERISM

ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY: People who bite the hand that feeds them usually lick the boot that kicks them.” - Eric Hoffer. – The USA has, probably, more and more wealthy charitable foundations than any other country. – JZ, 22.1.13. - WELFARE STATE, STATISM, OPPONENTS OF CORPORATIONS, OF THE MARKET, OF ECONOMIC LIBERTY, OF WEALTH, EGALITARIANS, USA CHARITIES & FOREIGN AID ATTEMPTS

ANTI-COMMUNISM, LIBERTARIAN: We are anticommunist. We are more anticommunist than the conservatives, for we include in our anticommunism opposition to communist institutions in our midst, such as the selective service system.” - David Friedman, in “Manifesto”, 57. - Why not call it selective military slavery? - JZ, 29.1.93. - CONSCRIPTION

ANTI-COMMUNISM: American government support for anti-communist dictators led, in 80% of the cases, to communist, or at least anti-American regimes. Case examples: Cuba, Iran, Nicaragua, Chile, South Africa, Haiti, the Philippines. Only one of those post-revolutionary regimes could be regarded as friendly to American interests.” - Michael F. Flynn, A Rose by Other Name, ANALOG, 5/90, 133. - DICTATORSHIPS, FOREIGN AID, ALLIES, FOREIGN POLICY, ANTI-AMERICANISM, GOVERNMENT ACTIONS

ANTI-COMMUNISM: I am an anti-communist who wants to conclude a peace treaty with genuine communists (not aspiring tyrants and totalitarians), to which other anti-communists would also be inclined to subscribe - because it would grant all of us exterritorial autonomy, e.g. capitalism for consenting adults, as well as communism for consenting adults. The common enemy would be any group that attempted to continue territorial, coercive and monopolistic impositions upon any dissenters, in the pursuit of their supposedly ideal society and ideal “public service” notions. - JZ, 28.4.83, 29.1.93. – PANARCHISM, INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR FULL EXTERRITORIAL MINORITY AUTONOMY FOR ALL (The latter not necessarily under that particular wording.)

ANTI-COMMUNISM: They said they wanted to take effective action against communism. But they revealed a willingness to adopt the very programs Marx had recommended. Didn’t they understand that their enemy was “communism” (an economic philosophy)? No, they did not. Many of them still don’t; ...” - LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Summer 75. - COMMUNISM, SOCIALISM, PERSONAL THINKING, CENTRAL BANK, TAXATION, PROGRESSIVE TAXATION, IMMIGRATION & EMIGRATION, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, FREE TRADE, BOYCOTTS, BLOCKADES, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, GOVERNMENTS-IN-EXILE, RECOGNITION, REVOLUTION, DESERTION, CONSCRIPTION, BUREAUCRACY, INTERVENTIONISM, PROPERTY, HUMAN RIGHTS

ANTICRAT: Anticrat: Alternative term for anarchist”, suggested in ANY TIME NOW, No.10, Summer 2000, p. 6.- ANTI-CRATS: Term quoted on p. 32 of J. J. Ehrlich et al: Reinventing Anarchy. – ANARCHIST, ANARCHY, ANARCHISM

ANTI-ECONOMICS: Prosperity: it currently results in part from the production of arms (*) that we do not expect to use (**), and in part from our new way of getting rich, which is to buy things from one another that we do not want (***) at prices we cannot pay (****) on terms we cannot meet (*****) because of advertisement, we do not believe. (*** ***) – Robert Maynard Hutchins - - Speak for yourself, man, and other fools. - This kind of nonsense is typical in pop-economics, neo-comics, anti-economics or non-economics that abounds almost everywhere, even in most “scholarly” economic journals. - - (*) Armament enriches the arms manufacturers and workers while impoverishing the general taxpayer even more! - - (**) Alas, the are extensively sold to even more irresponsible and warlike governments! – (***) says who? The buyer? – (****) Then no sales take place! – (*****) Why then voluntarily subscribe to them? – (*** ***) Enough to risk our own money! - JZ, 25.3.84,29.1.93. - See Terry Arthur’s: “95% of Everything Is Crap”. –

ANTI-GLOBALISM: A peculiar alliance has recently come into life. Forces from the extreme left, the extreme right, environmentalist groups, trade unions of developed countries and some self-appointed representatives of civil society, are gathering around a common endeavour: to save the people of developing countries from ... development.” - Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico – GLOBALIZATION, FREE TRADE, DEVELOPMENT, PROTECTIONISM

ANTI-IMPERIALISM: The last refuge of an imperialist.” - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon.

ANTI-INDUSTRIAL-REVOLUTION: Well, this, I guess”, said Fred Kinnan, “is the anti-industrial revolution.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.510.

ANTI-MAJORITARIANISM: Coined by M. Stanton Evans, according to THE FREEMAN, I/76, p. 63.

ANTI-MONOPOLISM: Let’s put it very simple: You are a monopolist and I am an anti-monopolist. - JZ, 10.12.83.

ANTI-MONOPOLISM: Panarchism is just a consistent extension of anti-monopolism, laissez faire, competition, cooperation, individual liberty, free associationism, democracy, pluralism, capitalism, freedom of contract, free markets, consumer sovereignty, free enterprise, minority autonomy, constitutionalism, liberalism, libertarianism, property rights and propertarianism, decentralisation, utopism, alternative institutions, intentional communities, participatory democracy, direct democracy, government by consent, free voting (not wrongly confined to territorial party candidates) syndicalism, anarchism and libertarian socialism, and insurance company package deals. - JZ, 10.12.92, 29.1.93, 22.1.13.

ANTI-POLITICS: Go into anti-politics, not into politics! - JZ, 31.12.75. Get into exterritorial autonomy rather than into territorial despotism. - JZ, 26.9.02. - PANARCHISM.

ANTI-RACIST: One who is prejudiced against the prejudiced and intolerant of the intolerant; one who hates the haters and discriminates against the discriminators.” - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer’s Lexicon.

ANTI-SEMITISM: An anti-semite is a semite who is anti-something. What it is he is against, he does not say. - Herbert Mueller-Guttenbrunn’s linguistic interpretation of the term.

ANTI-SEMITISM: An anti-semite is a semite who is anti-something. What it is he is against, he does not say. - Herbert Mueller-Guttenbrunn’s linguistic interpretation of the term.

ANTISEMITISM: Christ was a Jew and he was crucified by the Nazis of his time. Jews were also his first followers. A single and supposedly the one and only God, his asserted spiritual and bodily father, reportedly tried to persuade Jews before all others, perhaps because they took religion far too serious. – An  “ad hominem” remark to “Christians”, who in their ignorance also manage to be antisemites. – JZ, 7.11.06. – Why a supreme being, one like the one Christians and Jews imagine to exist, would want to be worshipped – and this merely by people like humans - was never explained to me. – JZ, 20.9.08. - Christians certainly do not always manage to apply their advice: “Love they enemy” – to e.g. Jews, Gypsies, members of currently denominated national enemies, often also not towards Asians, Negroes and Red Indians, all somehow perceived as “enemies” by them. – Not even real human children do or should always worship their own parents (especially if they do not live up to the term “good parents), although they do, usually, owe them much, especially the own lives. - JZ, 4.11.10, 22.1.13. – GOD, CHRISTIANITY, JEWS, CHRIST, WORSHIP

ANTISEMITISM: Christians are mostly non-Jews who follow, somewhat, a Jewish sectarian prophet, murdered upon the instigation of Jewish priests, almost 2000 years ago in Palestine. The Christian anti-Semites managed to blame all Jews for this murder of Christ, i.e., of a Jew by his Jewish and powerful competitors. By blaming all Jews, they do really blame Christ, and all of Christ’s first followers as well, including his apostles, however absurd that is. And Christians, professing a love for one’s neighbor and even for one’s enemy, have managed to murder millions of Jews and at least the Christian anti-Semites still do not blame themselves for these murders, just because almost 2000 years ago some Jews murdered a particular Jew. Now the leaders of some supposedly Christian nations even keep in readiness numerous mass murder devices. Only the leaders of one “Christian” nation has ever used them in earnest. Such “people” or, rather, wild beasts, are not satisfied with murdering just one “heretic” or religious reformer, or executing just one tyrant - but want to murder his victims en masse, on the biblical “principle” of collective responsibility of subjects for the crimes of their rulers. Can one be more wrong and irrational? – JZ, 4.2.06, 18.10.07. – CHRISTIANS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

ANTISEMITISM: If humans were humane, there would be no “Jewish question”. - Hobbes, in my re-translation from the German version. - JZ

ANTISEMITISM: It is not the Jews who are hated but an imaginary image of them.” - Hugo Valentin. – Alas, most antisemites cannot distinguish between their false image and the reality. – JZ, 6.11.08.

ANTISEMITISM: It is one of the numerous irrational conclusions from the all too popular “principle” of collective responsibility. Upon that principle all groups with some common features or faiths or activities, are collectively condemned by at least some idiotic minorities, just because they do have, like all groups, some bad apples among them, often those on top. Unfortunately, Jewish people, like most members of other collectively accused and attacked groups, do also mostly subscribe to the principle of collective responsibility. In the Old as well as the New Testament it is both attacked and defended and up to now the religious “moralists” have not yet taken a quite clear stand on either side but have rather left the question unsettled or un-dealt with in their discussions. And so have most of their critics. All territorial governmentalists, aware or unconsciously and unthinkingly, quite automatically, apply the principle to all their tax-, conscription- and other victims in their whole State or national territories or to the victims of other territorial governments. Others “conclude” from this that these victims are “therefore” apt targets for mass extermination weapons of the ABC type. Yet not one in a 1,000 anti-nuke protestors attacks that principle! - On the contrary, upon almost every opportunity he applies or proposes its application. With such friends, who needs enemies? - JZ, 29.1.93. – COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY? NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

ANTISEMITISM: Jews are scapegoats for economic sins.” – Bernard Berenson, 1865-1959, Lore and Maurice Cowan, compilers, The Wit of the Jews, Leslie Frewin, London, 1970, p.16.

ANTISEMITISM: Some Nazis surrounded an old Jew and asked him who was responsible for the war. – “The Jews”, answered the old man, and then added, “and the cyclists.” – “Why the cyclists?” asked the puzzled Nazis. – “Why the Jews?” answered the old man.” - Lore and Maurice Cowan, compilers, The Wit of the Jews, Leslie Frewin, London, 1970, p.141. – JOKES, NAZIS, WAR, CYCLISTS

ANTISEMITISM: The most dangerous survival of cannibalism.” - Joseph Stalin. - He is probably guilty of having ordered the murder of more human beings, Jews included, than all the antisemites of history have ever murdered in sum total. And he did it under the banner of State communism or State socialism. - JZ, 29.1.93.

ANTISEMITISM: The Socialism of fools!” - August Bebel, Antisemitismus und Sozialdemokratie, October 27, 1893, quoted in Seldes. - State socialism is the “economics” of fools. - JZ, 29.1.93.

ANTI-SEMITISM: Those who hate people with other skin colours - dumb as they are - are much more intelligent than the antisemites, for the former can at least distinguish their hate objects more or less clearly from others. - JZ, 4.7.82.

ANTISEMITISM: To an anti-semitic crowd besieging his house in Frankfurt: “My friends, you want money from the rich Jew. There are forty million Germans. I have about as many florins. As a beginning I’ll drop a florin to each of you.” – The mob held out their hands, caught the money, and left.” – Amschel Mayer, 1773-1855, . - Lore and Maurice Cowan, compilers, The Wit of the Jews, Leslie Frewin, London, 1970, p.109. – A good example of keeping cool, choosing the right words and the right action at the same time, to prevent violence and destruction in a riot. - JEWS, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, WEALTH, MOBS, RICH, POOR

ANTI-TRUST LAWS: When enough of us can see that antitrust laws are denying competition in the name of protecting competition, the antitrust laws will as readily fall by the wayside as did the inept Volstead Act.” – Leonard E. Read, Having My Way, p.121.

ANTI-TRUST: Anti-trust actions penalised efficient management to the satisfaction of the less enterprising. Likewise did quotas, tariffs, wage and price limits, preferential contract policies...” - Poul Anderson, Mirkheim, 106. - TRUSTS, COMBINES, CORPORATIONS, CARTELS, PROTECTIONISM, COMPETITION, MONOPOLIES.

ANTI-TRUST: Antitrust is a set of laws either restricting or prohibiting unpopular but, nonetheless, VOLUNTARY uses of private property.” - D. T. Armentano, REASON, 1/72.

ANTI-TRUST: In my own opinion the antitrust laws of this country are anti-capitalist in intent and in effect, and in addition constitute one of the major sources of confusion and unwarranted guilt feeling on the part of the businessman. These laws brand as anti-social precisely those achievements by which the businessman evaluates his performance. He gets bigger and says, Great! The antitrust laws say, Bad! He gains superiority over his rivals and says, Great! The antitrust laws say, Bad! He increases his market share and says, Great! The antitrust laws say, Bad! If his profits are above average, he says, Great! The antitrust laws say, That’s bad! One or the other has to be wrong, and in my opinion it’s the antitrust laws.” - B. R. Rogge, Will Capitalism Survive? in: Champions of Freedom, The Ludwig von Mises Lecture Series, p. 28. ( Which volume? I have got 4 volumes of that series, 1975-77, but this quote is in none of them. I can only hope that they are all online by now. - JZ, 6.11.08. )

ANTI-TRUST: Sen. Strom Thurmond (R-SC) has introduced S 926 to bring unions under anti-trust laws. Now, if he’d just included governmental agencies.” - SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 11/75.

ANZAC DAY: An Australian national holiday to salute those, who served in WW I & II, originating from the mad Anzac campaign initiated by Winston Churchill during WW I. One of his major mistakes, presumably “attacking the soft underbelly of Europe”. How many of his wrongful decisions were made while he was “under the influence”? How many paid with their lives or limbs or health for them? Whom did they serve? What were their rightful war aims? Was more than blind nationalism and obedience or loyalty involved? What was their worthwhile vision? Does that vision deserve respect still? Is any self-sacrifice on behalf of a flawed vision something to be respected and honored? What was won with WW I, the war supposed to end all wars? Why was it started in the first place? Are all the power, monetary despotism, taxation and conscription conditions, decision-making monopolies and territorialist institutions and conditions, which made WW I possible, still in place and not even thoroughly enough criticized? How could it have been prevented? It seems that such and related questions are only all too rarely asked and discussed on this holy day of Australia, although this would be much more fitting and useful than military parades on that day. – JZ, 25.4.96, 21.9.08.

ANZAC DAY: How many, if any, books or articles on war prevention has the average Anzac soldier read? And how many were read by their widows, orphans and grandchildren? Such heroes, and victims, I am sorry to have to say this, preferred, usually, risking their lives or suffering the loss of their husbands and fathers - to thinking about how such risks could be altogether avoided. And this kind of thing has been going on for all too many centuries, with all too few moral and rational counter-moves being attempted or even thought about. The “Lysistrata” comedy of Aristophanes was one of the early exceptions. The women of Athens organized a love strike to get their lovers and husbands to induce them to cease fighting and come and stay home, to do their things as husbands and lovers again, instead of going off to war once again. – JZ, 24.4.97. – WAR, PEACE & READING & THINKING ABOUT THEM

APARTHEID: Apartheid is a deliberate and conscious attempt to prevent the free market - and its racially integrating effects - from working.” - THE FREE NATION, 13.4.78.

APARTHEID: Compulsory togetherness is not a moral alternative to compulsory apartheid. - JZ, 30.6.89.

APARTHEID: Don’t fight Apartheid. Make it perfect, instead. This requires that it would be continued only on a non-coercive and non-territorial basis, together with all other systems that do have some supporters, all only among volunteers and all under full autonomy, i.e. their own constitutions, laws, jurisdiction and any other services they want to arrange for themselves, at their own expense and risk. Naturally, there would also be quite a few more or less enlightened volunteer communities to whom at least racial differences would not matter at all. Hopefully, gradually more and more people would join such communities. But to compulsorily introduce e.g. racial integration is no more right or possible than a complete compulsory segregation is. We are already all of us racially much too mixed for that and live too much intermixed with each other. Even that integration has to be an individual and voluntary and quite free choice. Or should we introduce quotas for mixed marriages, too, and calculate for these racial percentages like the Australian Immigration Office did at least until a few years ago, for potential immigrants? Should we centrally plan for our children from mothers and fathers of different races, too? Anyhow, according to my 1959 edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica no pure race is left. We have already, individually, opted for gradual biological integration and no human meddling can stop or reverse that process, however clubbish, sectarian or isolationist some groups may become in their voluntary affiliations. Exterritorial and voluntary apartheid for the segregationists of any colour and exterritorial and voluntary integration for the integrationists of any colour. Also voluntary communities which do not pay any attention to such differences at all, however much e.g. the sexual partner preferences of their members might differ. However, Apartheid has become a swear word by now and most cannot sort out its voluntarist possibilities from its present coercive and monopolistic features. Thus the rightful alternatives should probably be advocated under other terms. E.g. see under Panarchism. Only today I saw something very similar proposed as “Kritarchy”, by Michael van Notten, Africa, in ISIL’s WORLD FREEDOM BULLETIN, Nov. 92, p. 4. - JZ, 3.7.86, 29.1.93.

APARTHEID: This is not voluntary separatism ... it is coercive separatism - not freedom of association, but racial segregation enforced by the jackboot of the state.” – Jerome Tuccille, Radical Libertarianism, p.21.

APARTHEID: Thus, not only have blacks been prevented from purchasing land and competing agriculturally, but they have been the victims of white trade unionism. Apartheid is, in fact, the product of white trade unionism with Afrikaner nationalism. White trade unionists consistently sought and attained, the ‘colour bar’ which maintained their privileged position - and wages - against black competition.” - Chris Tame, THE FREE NATION,13.4.78.

APATHY: For the average Australian his epitaph will read: ‘Here lies a man who was so apathetic that he handed to his son a world less free than the one he inherited.’ “ - Viv Forbes, in 77 talk: Mine your own business, p. 10.

APATHY: I am determined not to be conditioned to apathy.” - Orien Johnson, THE FREEMAN, 11/72.

APATHY: I am determined not to let apathy get the better of me. - JZ, 14.6.73.

APATHY: I feel among humans almost always like Jesus of Nazareth did, when he called his apostles and found them always asleep.” - Schopenhauer, according to A. Huebscher. - Perhaps he needed less sleep than they did? - JZ, 29.1.93. – After all, they did not have a God as a father! – JZ, 7.11.08.

APATHY: I find the apathy towards the nuclear threats and towards life extension research options proof that people do not really love themselves and their lives and not even those family members and lovers whom they pretend to love. It is not enough to demonstrate one’s love by e.g. providing meals, clothing, a roof and amusements. Animals do as much or as little for their young. There are around 1 million unemployed in Australia now - but I know not even of one who has shown any interest in its major cause: monetary despotism and its major cure, monetary freedom. Further, businessmen have gone bankrupt by the hundreds - without developing any interest in this cause and cure. There are millions of grumbling tax victims for every one prepared to look at the voluntary financing alternatives. The activists and innovators themselves have remained apathetic towards the Ideas Archive approach and that of panarchism, to solve most of their remaining problems. Libertarians and anarchists have remained so apathetic that they rather do without most of their favourite kind of writings than produce and distribute and read them on e.g., microfilm, floppy disks and CD-ROMs and keep them thus permanently and cheaply in print upon demand. The problem remains: How can one get the non-apathetic ones together, at least by their interests and addresses, to collaborate with each other, in their special interest spheres, at least by mail? At present most feel so isolated that this creates frustration, resignation, pessimism and apathy even among the best of them. - Yet the technological and economic options for their fruitful collaboration are now larger than ever before - and remain vastly under-utilised. - JZ, 29.1.93.

APATHY: It is not just out of simply apathy or prejudice that most people rather amuse themselves than deal rationally with e.g. war and peace questions. It may be, rather, that they are rationally and practically aware how little they can or are presently allowed to do about them. To patiently study to find out which kind of liberties they ought to go for and what policies they ought to pursue, to finally get the freedom of action to decide upon their own fate, their own survival, is not something that is taught to them by the government mis-education system or by the government permitted mass media, either. Even anarchists and libertarians have so far failed to fully and systematically study all these approaches and steps towards liberty. So what can we expect of the man in the street? So they react: Let’s be merry today, for tomorrow we die. But show them a practical way out of their difficulties, give them consumer sovereignty in all spheres and we would better step out of the way, in some instances, in order not to be trampled by the crowd, rushing for new bargains. - JZ,14.10.83, 29.1.93.

APATHY: Only a free market in every sphere, even those now territorially monopolized by governments and their States, can overcome apathy sufficiently for progress to become fast and certain. - JZ, 6.11.78, 29.1.93, 22.1.13.

APATHY: Surrounded by numerous inventions and conveniences of civilisation, all the achievements of the past, eating or drinking them, wearing and using them, living in them, reading, watching, listening to them, they go on saying: “Nothing can be done! So why bother?” This is not the time of future shock but a time still shocked into apathy by the continuance of atrocious, irrational, oppressive and self-defeating traditional beliefs, institutions and methods. We have to achieve conditions where each can go ahead at the own speed - or stagnate or even go backwards, at his own risk and expense. The creative potential of most people is so far barely touched and only fractionally brought to awareness. - JZ, 25.6.89, 29.1.93. – FUTURE SHOCK?

APATHY: To counter apathy, hopelessness and resignation, one ought to utilise existing resistance, revolution and defence movements in other countries, and inject a rational programme (if this is possible) into the heads of those who are already putting their lives at risk. Fully developed liberation programmes could make their victory much more complete and certain - and then affect other still oppressed countries. All this could be done without becoming an open and declared enemy of the own government. One would not be restricted by self-satisfied consumerism at home. A US friend wrote me recently that there are now 70 hot spots in the world. In how many of them has a radical libertarian liberation programme been introduced? Develop it and it will largely become self-realising for some revolutionaries and insurrectionists and resistance fighters are scholars, too and disappointed by most methods so far used. - JZ, 28.11.82, 29.1.93.

APATHY: We have all of us sufficient fortitude to bear the misfortunes of others.” - Rochefoucauld. - Territorial taxes and laws force us to bear their stupidities and their consequences, too. And these two are still such popular idols or objects of the sanctions of their victims, that we are, mostly, apathetic towards them, too. But at least a few could and should describe in an appealing way the exterritorial and voluntaristic alternatives to these two evils and most others. And we would have usually the fortitude to engage and suffer the consequences of our own favoured experiments - were we finally freed to undertake them. With the scientific and experimental approach, in fields now pre-empted by governments, we would tend to be spurned on by our failures as well as by our successes, just like any technologist, inventor or scientist is. How much apathy would remain if we could all freely practise all our individual rights and liberties? Or if there were clear roadmaps towards all of them? - JZ, 29.1.93.

APHTONIOS: I keep six honest serving men. They taught me all I know: Their names are What & Why & When & How & Where & Who.” - Rudyard Kipling. - “I had six honest serving men. They taught me all I knew. Their names were Where and What and When - and Why and How and Who.” - as quoted by Read, Who’s Listening? p.150. - “Kipling called them his ‘six honest serving men’: Who, What, Where, Why, How, and When.” - Henry M. Boettinger, Moving Mountains, p.78.

APHTONIOS: If that thou wilt speak aright, - Six things you must observe then: What thou speakest, and of what wight, Where, to whom, why, and when.” - Unknown, Whatever Thou Say, Advise Thee Well, MS, Trinity College, Cambridge, ca.1530.

APHTONIOS: If that thou wilt speak aright, - Six things you must observe then: What thou speakest, and of what wight, Where, to whom, why, and when.” - Unknown, Whatever Thou Say, Advise Thee Well, MS, Trinity College, Cambridge, ca.1530.

APHTONIOS: Possibly the oldest, simplest and most versatile ideas processing system in existence, one whose simple rules are rarely completely obeyed, is that of Aphtonios, ca. 300 – 400 A.D., in the version of philosophy professor Darjes, Jena, 1744-1773. For the realisation of any project at least the following points should be paid attention to: QUIS? (who? wer?), QUID? (what? was? ), UBI? (where?, wo?), QUIBUS AUXILIIS? (by what means? wodurch?), CUR? (why? warum?), QUOMODO? (how?,wie?), QUANDO? (when? wann?). - This applies to revolutions and holiday trips, to commercial orders and furniture removals. Darjes worked on a book by Aphtonios on rhetoric. This arrangement is neither the best for all purposes, not is it to be considered complete. According to the memoirs of Prof. Eberty, this scheme was still quite commonly used on German universities in the first half of the 19th century. Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, considered it to be a very valuable invention and suspected that it helped to achieve the high quality of writings of the 19th century. But, like everything in the world, it would still be capable of further improvements. Beckerath suggested, for instance, that the “who?” question could be subdivided, for example, into: 1.) Who should or can realize this project? 2.) Who is interested in its realisation a) as someone who would have an advantage from it, b) as someone who has to expect a disadvantage from it? 3.) Who would be under a legal or a moral obligation a) to actively promote the enterprise or initiate it himself, b) to at least not hinder the enterprise, c) to make his position to it known (how?), to express to others either his sympathies with it, or his antagonism, or his neutrality? - Summary and translation of 3 notes by von Beckerath, between 1953 and 1958. He also drafted a paper on how to apply it e.g. to the problem of private stock exchanges. I cannot lay my hands on it presently. - JZ, 29.1.93.

APOLITICAL: I’m someone who thinks praxeologically. And that makes me rather a-political.” - “What does that mean?” - “It means that I’m not inclined toward politics at all.” - Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.184.

APOLITICAL PARTY: A man who believes in the legalisation of marijuana and prostitution has convened a political party in Adelaide to implement his ideas... Mr. Peter Carey, 24, of Stirling, in the Adelaide Hills, formed the Apolitical Party last year...” - THE AUSTRALIAN, 9.1.75.  – PANARCHIST PARTY

APPEALS, PUBLIC: Public appeals can be non-violent and yet very powerful weapons but have been rarely fully utilised as such. - JZ, 27.1.82, 29.1.93. - WEAPONS, NON-VIOLENCE, POWER, PUBLICITY, PETITIONS

APPEALS: Appeal, in law, To put the dice into the box for another throw.” - Ambrose Bierce, 1842-1914.

APPEASEMENT: An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile - hoping it will eat him last.” - Winston Churchill, after Munich 1938.

APPEASEMENT: Appeasers believe that if you keep throwing steaks to a tiger, the tiger will become a vegetarian.” - Haywood Brown. - By all means, keep a few tigers and feed them meat - but only behind bars, in Zoos. - JZ, 9.6.92. - Instead, our “statesmen” pay them honours and respect and give them presents and subsidies to make the continuance of their tyrannically and absurd policies possible. - JZ, 29.1.93.

APPEASEMENT: No man can tame a tiger into a kitten by stroking it. There can be no appeasement with ruthlessness. There can be no reasoning with an incendiary bomb.” - Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fireside Chat, Dec. 29, 1940. -. The Nazis rightly called the majority of air raids, directed against civilian targets, terror-raids. In some cases, quite intentionally, fire storms were caused, e.g. in Hamburg and Tokyo, by first dropping explosives to provide more ready fuel and then incendiaries. Such storms have been known to rip a baby out of the arms of a fleeing mother and throw it into the fire. They also suffocated many within their reach, if they were not burned to death. Nuclear mass murder devices have merely simplified, cheapened , enlarged them and sped them up. - JZ, 29.1.93. - DETENTE, REASONING, NEGOTIATIONS, TREATIES, ENEMY, BOMBING, AIR RAIDS, INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

APPEASEMENT: Virtuous motives, trammelled by inertia and timidity, are no match for armed and resolute wickedness. And sincere love of peace is no excuse for muddling hundreds of millions of humble folk into total war.” - Winston Churchill, in the 30’ties. - However, he was one of the main culprits for turning WW II into a total war against the German people rather than a liberation war for the German and other captive people and against the common enemy, the Hitler regime and its followers only. - I was many times subjected to air raids as a result and to hunger. - No bomb of the Allies was ever aimed at or hurt Hitler. (Not to my knowledge.) And no blockade measure did ever deprive him of any food. - Peace with the German people and war with the Hitler regime only and the war could have been over in weeks to months. - JZ, 29.1.93. - Even for the presently planned war against Iraq, rather than against its dictator, this lesson has not yet been learned. - During the French Revolution it was spelled out by the slogan: “War to the palaces! Peace to the cottages!” - JZ, 26.9.02, 22.1.13. - AIR RAIDS, & DESERTION.

APPEASEMENT: We never pay any-one Dane-geld, No matter how trifling the cost; for the end of that game is oppression and shame.” - Rudyard Kipling explaining why appeasement never works.

APPEASEMENT: When did appeasement work? Who of the many tyrants who built on force were defeated except by force? Napoleon, Hitler? And so on in history.” - G. D. Prosser, Letter, DAILY MAIL, Jan. 17, 1977. - There is a decisive difference between a force directed against a Hitler, Napoleon, Stalin or Mao or xyz ONLY - and the henchmen next to him - or indiscriminately against their subject victims, out of uniform or even in uniform. - JZ, 29.1.93.

APPEASEMENT: Whoever pays Dane-geld never gets rid of the Dane.” - Proverb. - Whoever pays unemployed for being unemployed or poor people for being poor, will get plenty or extra unemployed and poor people. Every subsidy increases what it subsidises. - JZ, 29.1.93.

APPEASEMENT: With the establishment of the P.J.T. (JZ: Prices Justification Tribunal) the restriction was imposed of requiring maximum (minimum!? – JZ ) prices charged by companies for goods and services to be subjected to Government sanction or otherwise. The Tribunal had no power to enforce, only to impose a penalty for transgression. Despite the Tribunal’s lack of power and the doubtful legality of the penalty provision, for the sake of appeasement, the edicts of the Tribunal have never been challenged by industry. As with any policy of appeasement, it turns out to be a case of ‘enjoy now, pay later’.” - Jocelyn Maxwell, TANSTAAFL, 3/76.

APPLAUSE: If the government is to receive your approval, that must be freely offered. And since the government cannot take it from you, you do not have to give it. - But the government cannot stand without that approval. Though you are to be victimised by the government, the men in government confidently expect you to applaud. But, you can stop applauding. Applause cannot be compelled.” - LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Fall 77. - APPROVAL, CONSENT, MANDATE, SANCTION OF THE VICTIM, VOLUNTARISM, VOTING, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM

APPOINTED BUREAUCRACY: The introduction of ‘appointed’ bureaucracy must not be tolerated. Only ‘bodies’ created by the people themselves should be recognized.” - Lenin, Vol. 14, part 1, p. 126. - Rather than “by the people”: “by volunteers only and for themselves.” - JZ, 30.1.93.

APPRECIATION: Easy come, easy go.” - Proverb. – “Hard to come by, bitter to lose.” - addition by LeFevre, Lift her up, Tenderly, II. - VALUE, SUBJECTIVE VALUE, EARNINGS, INCOME, SPENDING, GOVERNMENT SPENDING

APPRENTICESHIPS: No fixed apprenticeship terms. No fixed wages for them. No fixed hours for them. No fixed tech study times for them. No prescribed “free” tech attendance time. Not even a prescription to pay them in Australian dollars. Examination option at any time before competitive certification bodies. A credit union of apprentices and of tradesmen to provide personal loans for them. - JZ, 12/88.

APPRENTICESHIPS: The minimum wage makes it impossible for the U.S. to have a good apprentice system. We will pay dearly for this one fine day when we wake up to the fact that we have no young tool and die workers.” - John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, 5/76, p.314.

APPROVAL: The Achilles heel of government is ‘sanction of the victim’. The reason is that sanction, by definition, cannot be forced. The government can compel you to submit to its edicts. But it cannot TAKE your approval.” - LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Fall 77. - VOTING, COMPULSORY VOTING & INFORMAL OR INVALID VOTING. NONE OF THE ABOVE, CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM

ARABS: Arabs are Jews and Jews are Arabs, biologically and ethnically derived from the same nomadic tribes in the same area. Neither of their religions are moral and rational enough, so far, to keep them at sufficient peace with all their neighbors. Christ was a Jew, too and thus, biologically, also an Arab. He tried to improve upon the existing religions but, obviously did not go far enough, in this, for some of his followers were even more murderous than ancient Jews and Arabs were and some of the modern ones are. Neither of the them taught and practised full religious tolerance right from the beginning and for most of their history. Maybe full religious, political, social and economic tolerance may have to be forced upon them. If that is consistently tried, not much force might actually be necessary. For then they could still live as much apart from each other and independent of each other as they want to be, not only in the sphere or religion but in all other spheres. So far their holy books and their all too many contradictions and varied interpretations have brought an enormous strife to the world and quite insufficiently enlightened them, morally, socially, politically and economically. How could they come and continue to believe that these writings were inspired by an omniscient, omnipotent and loving father of all? Such a being, surely, could be a much more clear and convincing writer and would have preserved all his dictations and would not have ordered the crimes reported in their supposedly holy writings. They need new “prophets” who clearly tell them only genuine truths and do not care about their diverse rituals. – JZ, 17.10.03, 23.10.07. - CHRISTIANS & JEWS, CHRISTIANITY, JUDAISM & ISLAM, ISRAEL, ANTISEMITISM, RACISM

ARBITRARINESS: All constitute arbitrary limitations on the ability of individuals to enter into voluntary exchanges with one another. They simultaneously restrict freedom and promote the waste of resources.” - Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom, p.127. - COMPULSORY LICENSING

ARBITRARINESS: At any moment the government, just by a stroke of the pen, can ruin your business.” - Bob Howard?, 1975? - GOVERNMENT & BUSINESS

ARBITRARINESS: This I wish. So I command. Instead of reason my will is to be applied.” – “Sic volo, sic jubeo; sit pro ratione voluntas!” – „So will ich, so befehle ich, statt des Grundes gelte der Wille.” - Frequently quoted by Kaiser Wilhelm II. – Obviously, this kind of authoritarianism, imperialism, despotism, tyranny and totalitarianism had to be ended, too, a.s.a.p. and without killing any of its involuntary victims on either side. – Alas, quite rightful war aims were not declared by any of the participants and thus we got  e.g. WW II and the spread of State Socialism in East and West. – JZ, 22.1.13.

ARBITRARINESS: When people speak of liberty they mostly mean licence or arbitrariness.” - K. Peltzer, An den Rand geschrieben. - LICENCE

ARBITRATION PROCEDURES: Wooldridge adds the important point that, in addition to the speed of arbitration procedures vis-a-vis the courts, the arbitrators can proceed as experts in disregard of the official government law; in a profound sense, then, they serve to create a voluntary body of private law. ‘In other words,’ states Wooldridge, ‘the system of extra-legal, voluntary courts has progressed hand in hand with a body of private law; the rules of the state are circumvented by the same process that circumvents the forums established for the settlement of disputes over those rules... In short, a private agreement between two people, a bilateral “law”, has supplanted the official law. The writ of the sovereign has ceased to run, and for it is substituted a rule tacitly or explicitly agreed to by the parties.’ Woodridge concludes that “if an arbitrator can choose to ignore a penal damage rule or the statute of limitations applicable to the claim before him (and it is generally conceded that the has that power), arbitration can be viewed as a practically revolutionary instrument for self-liberation from the law...’ - It may be objected that arbitration only works successfully because the courts enforce the award of the arbitrator. Wooldridge points out, however, that arbitration was unenforceable in the American courts before 1920, but this did not prevent voluntary arbitration from being successful and expanding in the U.S. and in England. He points, furthermore, to the successful operations of merchant courts since the Middle Ages, those courts which successfully developed the entire body of the law merchant. None of those courts possessed the power of enforcement. He might have added the private Courts of shippers which developed the body of admiralty law in a similar way.” – Murray N. Rothbard, LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 1/75, on Wooldridge: Uncle Sam, the Monopoly Man.  PERSONAL LAW, COMPETING JURISDICTION SYSTEMS, VOLUNTARY COURTS, PRIVATE LAW, MERCHANT COURTS

ARBITRATION: arbitration has grown to proportions that make the courts a secondary recourse in many areas and completely superfluous in others. The ancient fear of the courts that arbitration would ‘oust’ them of their jurisdiction has been fulfilled with a vengeance the common-law judges probably never anticipated. Insurance companies adjust over 50,000 claims a year among themselves through arbitration, and the American Arbitration Association (AAA), with headquarters in N.Y. and 25 regional offices across the country, last year conducted over 25,000 arbitrations. Its 23,000 associates available to serve as arbitrators may outnumber the total number of judicial personnel ... in the U.S. ... Add to (this? JZ) the unknown number of individuals who arbitrate disputes within particular industries or in particular localities, without formal AAA affiliation, and the quantitatively secondary role of official courts begins to be apparent.” – Murray N. Rothbard, THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 1/75.

ARBITRATION: According to a 1990 U.S. report, retired judges are deluged with requests to decide in arbitration. At this time 45 -50% of the cases were settled by arbitration. I asked my lawyer a few years ago, who is also extensively involved in arbitration cases, how he would get the party to adopt his judgement. He said, it is in writing, in sealed envelopes and the parties are given it only after they met before him and have paid up for it. Then they are usually quite willing to accept it. - JZ, 30.1.93.

ARBITRATION: Arbitration has replaced justice.” - Mike Reynolds, 4.1.76. – Governmental, monopolistic and compulsory arbitration! Voluntary arbitration arrangements are quite another matter. - JZ, 30.1.93. – COMPULSORY ARBITRATION, GOVERNMENT-PRESCRIBED

ARBITRATION: Boycotts: “... the power of boycott and ostracism would influence those who did not abide by arbitration services. Ireland, they point out, utilised a non-coercive boycotting system for over 900 years to enforce the decisions of its courts.” - LIBERTARIAN YEARBOOK, 72, p. 9. –ARBITRATION COURTS, ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM, BOYCOTTS

ARBITRATION: Even in the present statist era, the notorious inefficiency and coercive and cumbersome procedures of the politically run government courts has led increasing numbers of citizens to turn to voluntary and expert arbitration for a speedy and harmonious settling of disputes.” - Rothbard, THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM, 1/75. - Alas, criminal law and its enforcement has been monopolised by the government. Here we need the voluntaristic alternative of freely competing governments. - JZ, 30.1.93. - PANARCHISM

ARBITRATION: Every rational being not wanting to submit to the jurisdiction of the courts of its State or exterritorial and autonomous community, has the right to agree with others upon courts of arbitration to settle all their disputes.” - Point 44 of the human rights draft in PEACE PLANS 4 also in the collection of private human rights drafts in PEACE PLANS 589/90. (Now offered by digitized, as part of a CD reproduced at

ARBITRATION: The American Arbitration Association was established in 1926 in New York City to promote the settlement of disputes by voluntary methods. Working through twenty-four regional centers, it provides a list of 50,000 qualified arbitrators, who often serve without pay, from which the disputing parties make mutually acceptable choices. The association constitutes a substantial growing alternative system of justice, handling about 50,000 arbitration cases a year plus services in mediation, conciliation, election and other methods of voluntary dispute settlement. The association is nonprofit, but wholly self-supporting from the nominal fees for the services it provides.” - Richard Cornuelle, Healing America, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1983, p. 170. - JUSTICE SYSTEMS, COURTS, JUDGES

ARBITRATION: The arbitrator has regard to equity and the judge to law.” - Aristotle, Rhetoric, Bk. 1, ch. 13, sec. 19.

ARBITRATION: The handclasp is mightier than the fist.” - Motto of the American Arbitration Association, quoted by Rothbard in REASON, 3/73.

ARBITRATION: We should all be more familiar with the increasing use of private arbitration, even in our present society. The government courts have become so clogged, inefficient, and wasteful that more and more parties of disputes are turning to private arbitrators as a cheaper and far less time-consuming way of settling their disputes. In recent years, private arbitration has become a growing and highly successful profession. Being voluntary, furthermore, the rules of arbitration can be decided rapidly by the parties themselves, without the need for a ponderous, complex legal framework applicable to all citizens. Arbitration therefore permits judgments to be made by people expert in the trade or occupation concerned. Currently, the American Arbitration Association, whose motto is “The Handclasp is Mightier than the Fist”, has 25 regional offices throughout the country, with 23,000 arbitrators. In 1969, the Association conducted over 22,000 arbitrations. In addition, the insurance companies adjust over 50,000 claims a year through voluntary arbitration. There is also a growing and successful use of private arbitrators in automobile accident claim cases.” - Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, revised edition, p. 223, Collier Books, 1978, ISBN 0-02-074690-3.

ARBITRATION: Wooldridge also points out that there are at present more professional private arbitrators in the U.S. than federal judges.” - Mike McMaster, OPTION, 6/78. – COURTS, JUDGES

ARCHIMEDEAN LEVERAGE: Give me a lever long enough, and a fulcrum strong enough, and single-handed I can move the world.” - Archimedes of Syracuse, Pappus Alexander Collection, VIII, 10; Pliny, Historia Naturalis, VII, 37. - Sometimes quoted: “Give me where to stand and I will move the world”, or: “Give me a base and I will move the world.” - INDIVIDUALS, POWER & INFLUENCE, NEW DRAFT, LIBERTARIAN PROJECTS LIST ONLINE, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, LIBERTARIAN IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTARIANS REFUTATIONS ENCYCLOPAEDIA

ARCHISTS: The Anarchist consistently opposes all compulsion, and rule is but compulsion: and this phantom Anarchist, that vexes the souls of illogical Archists, is supposed to be an individual ever desiring to exercise his rule on others by forcible endeavour. The oft-recurring periods in human history, when opposing bands of Archists contended bitterly for the establishment of the locale of Archy, are with delightful impudence, called periods of Anarchy and confusion, as if the words were identical, instead of being diametrically opposed.” - J. Donovan, in Bob James, Australian Anarchism, p.19. - ANARCHY, INTERREGNUM

ARCHISTS: When it is settled which part or class shall rule, it is then said that Anarchy is at an end and rule established - rule meaning in each case, that for the present one band of confederated Archist villains has given the other its quietus, and force and injustice shall reign, till the never-dying love of liberty in the human breast shall re-assert itself, and attempt to teach its tyrants another lesson. Then again, Anarchy is supposed once more to prevail. The real fact in all this is, that neither party has correctly conceived the fundamental principles of natural justice, yet have resolved, if any ruling is to be done, they, and not others, shall do it. They have loved liberty, it is true - but for themselves only. The scientific Anarchist of this century, essays to give Liberty to all, and as a necessary consequence, to abolish rule.” - J. Donovan, in Bob James, Australian Anarchism, p.19.

ARCHY: Down with Archy.” – SIL Button No 440 offered in LIBERTAS REVIEW, Sum. 78. – Up with archy! But only for its voluntary victims. That will teach them, if anything can. – JZ, 22.1.13. – GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY OR EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FO RALL, CONSENT, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW

ARCHY: make no concessions to ‘archy’...” - Walter Grinder on Rothbard’s “For a New Liberty”.  – Non concessions only to TERRITORIAL archies! – JZ, 22.1.13.

ARCHY: Murray Rothbard ... proving ... that there is no phase of community or human action where government or archy is necessary, or where competing free market services can not function better.” - WESTERN WORLD REVIEW, Summer 73, criticising this view. - GOVERNMENT, , POLITICIANS, RULE, REPRESENTATION, PUBLIC SERVICES, MONOPOLY, BUREAUCRACY, DEMOCRACY, STATE, PANARCHISM, MARKET, ANARCHISM, LIBERTARIANISM, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM

ARGUMENTS: Arguments are to be avoided; they are always vulgar and often convincing.” - Oscar Wilde - Did he never encounter or advance any sound ones? – Sound arguments can be advanced quietly and convincingly, something he only hinted at. - JZ, 22.1.13. - JOKES

ARGUMENTS: Those who contradict and argue should consider that not every expression is fully understood by everybody.” - Goethe, “Sprueche in Prosa”, JZ tr. of: “Diejenigen, welche widersprechen und streiten, sollten mitunter bedenken, dass nicht jede Sprache Jedem vertaendlich sei.” - CONTRADICTIONS, OPPOSITION, DEFINITIONS, TERMS, EXPRESSIONS, WORDINGS, LANGUAGE, RED.,

ARGUMENTS: those who do not accept the FORCE OF ARGUMENT have often to give in to the ARGUMENT OF FORCE.” – Wachira Nzina and Chris Mburu in THE NAIROBI LAW MONTHLY, No. 31, March 1991. , REASON & FORCE

ARGUMENTS: With reasonable men, I will reason; with humane men I will plead; but to tyrants I will give no quarter, nor waste arguments where they will certainly be lost.” - William Lloyd Garrison. - REASONING, PLEADING & TYRANNY

ARISTOCRACY: I would rather make my name than inherit it.” - W. M. Thackeray, 1811-63. - SELF-RESPECT, NOBILITY, INDIVIDUALISM.

ARISTOCRACY: The coats-of-arms of our day are to be found on billboards and in the ads of popular magazines ... Industrial Trademarks.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p 95. – INDUSTRIAL TRADEMARKS

ARISTOCRACY: There is a natural aristocracy among men; it is composed of virtues and talents.” - Thomas Jefferson.

ARISTOCRACY: We will replace the aristocracy of money by the aristocracy of pull!” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.382. - Naturally, mentioned only as one of the horrors she is fighting. - JZ – POWER, BUREAUCRACY, POLITICS AS USUAL, INTERVENTIONISM

ARMAMENTS: And yet arms have become counterproductive. They have become a major drain on economic performance and economic development - a major cause of Russia’s economic crisis, of America’s falling behind economically, and of the failure of development, especially in Latin America.” - Peter F. Drucker, The New Realities, 1989, 1990, 40. - DEFENCE, ARMS RACES, MILITARY STRENGTH

ARMAMENTS: For armament purposes buy Soviet weapons - but only from their escaped conscripts and paying these refugees and deserters. - JZ 12.3.85. - DESERTION, PRISONERS OF WAR

ARMAMENTS: Governments are too irrational and violent, coercively organized and financed, in practice, and also too irresponsible and too much concerned with their own power only, to be permitted to be militarily organized and armed or to hire professional armed forces for their purposes, or to command any militia forces. - JZ 15.9.87. – GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, MILITIA, STANDING ARMIES, MILITARISM, ARMS RADE

ARMAMENTS: It is not armaments that cause war, but war that causes armaments.” - Salvador de Madariago, Morning Without Noon. - WEAPONS, WAR, PEACE, DISARMAMENT, GUN CONTROL, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, TERRITORIALISM, WAR, DISARMAMENT

ARMAMENTS: When people are willing to spend large amounts in order to kill or be killed, then it is no surprise when some people make great profits from this kind of stupidity. - JZ, 25.3.84. - How many people would spend on government armament under voluntary taxation? - JZ, 30.1.93. – PROFIT, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, PANARCHISM, WAR AIMS

ARMIES: Armies should be strictly voluntary...” - “Volunteer armies are the best armies.” - Ayn Rand, PLAYBOY interview. - That qualification is necessary but by far not enough. See under Militia. - JZ, 30.1.93.

ARMIES: Governments need armies to protect them against their enslaved and oppressed subjects.” - Lyof  N. Tolstoy, The Kingdom of God Is Within You, 1893. - Suppressed people need their OWN armies and those of allies in other countries, but not their “own” government’s national defence forces - unless they can win them over. - JZ, 12.7.86. – REVOLUTION, LIBERATION, MILITARY INSURRECTIONGS, DESERTION

ARMIES: It is characteristic of the military mind that non-human factors are held essential while the human being, his desires and thoughts - in short the psychological factors - are considered unimportant and secondary.” - Albert Einstein, Out of my Later Life. - - Thus a true humanist can defeat a militarist by mobilising the military slaves of the militarist against him. - JZ, 30.7.85. - DEFENCE, DESERTION, WAR AIMS, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, LIBERATION WARS, LIBERTARIAN REVOLUTIONS, STRENGTH, MILITARISM, DICTATORSHIP

ARMIES: Join the army, meet interesting people, and kill them.” – Graffiti, seen in Bowral, N.S.W., 1961. – Also in: Graffiti Lives OK by Nigel Rees, Unwin Paperbacks, London, 1979.

ARMIES: The Army works. It works with an awful inefficiency, but it works. Because it utilises only the animal capacities of its participants, an extraordinary support apparatus is necessary to compensate for the assumed absence of human qualities. There are between five or six staff bureaucrats to care for, feed, direct and discipline each soldier in the field. Moving an Army around the world is like moving a huge menagerie of helpless, dangerous animals.” – Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America. - If my memory serves me right, the Nazi air force had about 20 support personnel for each fighter pilot, the U.S. air force ca. 120. After W.W. II, the supporters per pilot were fast approaching 200. In the meantime, the percentage of civilians rather than soldiers, which they kill, has gone up, & up, to quite atrocious percentages!. - JZ, 30.1.93. - Another “achievement” of the professionals! They can’t even get their targets properly identified! And when they leave the “identification” of “the enemy” to politicians and journalists, then they arrive mostly at the misjudgements involved in collective responsibility notions. - JZ, 26.9.02. - DEFENCE

ARMIES: The Greeks by their laws, and the Romans by the spirit of their people, took care to put into the hands of their rulers no such engine of oppression as a standing army. Their system was to make every man a soldier, and oblige him to repair to the standard of his country whenever that was reared. This made them invincible; and the same remedy will make us so.” - Thomas Jefferson: Letter to Thomas Cooper, 1814. - Still a far cry from a self-mobilising and autonomous militia of volunteers, sworn and organized and trained to defend nothing but individual rights. - J.Z., 30.1.93. - STANDING ARMIES, DEFENCE, WEAPONS MONOPOLY, MILITIA, SOLDIERS

ARMS INDUSTRY: the Michigan Public Research Group has conducted a study that uncovered a startling revelation. Namely, it was found that each $ 1 billion spent on the military resulted in the loss of 10,000 jobs in the private sectors.” - THE MATCH, July/Aug. 75. (1 job = $ 100,000, in this estimate.) FOR FULL EMPLOYMENT?

ARMS INDUSTRY: the world-wide weapons industry accounts for more than $ 500 billion in sales and more than fifty million jobs.” - Samuel Pisar, Of Blood and Hope, p.258.

ARMS INDUSTRY: We fought a war to stop wars, then sold enough ammunition to start a dozen wars.” - Will Rogers.

ARMS INDUSTRY: We need some arms traders who would deliver arms into the hands of the anti-communist people in China and in Russia. - J.Z., 1966. - Payment may be a problem. - J.Z., 76. - In return for shares in the public assets of the Soviets & Red Chinese gangsters, now mismanaged by them! - J.Z., 30.7.78.

ARMS INDUSTRY: What may be good for the arms industry and its profits leads to corresponding stagnation and even destruction of other businesses. - J.Z., 4.5.92, 30.1.93.

ARMS RACE: 1.5 billion dollars spent each day on the arms race.” - Radio talk, 28.7.82.

ARMS RACE: An armament race cannot bring peace, freedom or security.” - Society of Friends, Declaration, World Conference, Oxford, England, 1952.

ARMS RACE: End the arms race, not the human race.” - Slogan of nuclear war protestors, TIME, 5 May 82.

ARMS RACE: Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its labourers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children.” - Dwight D. Eisenhower. - DEFENCE

ARMS RACE: It is a great illusion to assume that an arms race can end otherwise as than in war.” - Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Band 1, Reportagen und Gespraeche, Knaur, 1976, S.31, quoting Sir Normal Angell. – If I remember correctly some figures compiled by Otto Lehmann-Russbuelt, that I quoted somewhere in PEACE PLANS, of 1656 arms races all but 16 ended in wars. – JZ, 15.9.07. - WARS

ARMS RACE: Most people rather believe in the non-existing future of the arms race than in the future of the human race. - JZ, 30.1.79.

ARMS RACE: Of ca. 1650 arms races since Christ, all but ca. 1635 ended in war. - Note by Oscar Lehmann-Ruessbuilt, from my flawed memory. - JZ - Somewhere in early PEACE PLANS, none properly indexed yet, are the correct figures. But the magnitude & proportion are about right. - JZ

ARMS RACE: One can imagine what would happen if all leading military powers were to supplement their arms races by a human reproduction race, under the slogan ‘cannon-fodder army!’ - Bertrand Russell, Marriage and Morals, p.17. - Re-translated from the German version. - Aren’t X subsidies involved already for the maintenance and education of children? - JZ, 21.7.86. - “Why did you bring up your son, mother? For the trenches! For the trenches!” - Kurt Tucholsky, in one of his anti-war poems.

ARMS RACE: The increase of armaments that is intended in each nation to produce consciousness of strength, and a sense of security, does not produce these effects. On the contrary, it produces a consciousness of the strength of other nations and a sense of fear. Fear begets suspicion and distrust and evil imaginings of all sorts ... - The enormous growth of armaments in Europe, the sense of insecurity and fear caused by them - it was these that made World War I inevitable.” - Sir Edward Grey, 1st Viscount of Allodon, “25 Years.” - And many other aspects of territorial Warfare States. - JZ, 1.2.93.

ARMS RACE: The majority-seeking process within a nation creates the same dichotomies that an arms race creates between nations. Once we start the process, it seems impossible to let go. Our actions in seeking a larger bloc encourage our opponents to do the same. This is competition aimed at amassing power; the very antithesis of a free society.” - LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Fall 76. – MAJORITIES, VOTING, TERRITORIALISM, POWER STRUGGLES

ARMS RACE: The moral is obvious; it is that great armaments lead inevitably to war.” - Sir Edward Grey, 1st Viscount of Fallodon; “Twenty-Five Years”.

ARMS RACE: The statistical probability that arms races lead to war is 82%.” - Ekkehart Krippendorff, Staat und Krieg, Vorbemerkung, S. 9.

ARMS RACE: The two superpowers are led by intelligent and responsible men (JZ: ???), yet they sometimes appear like small boys standing in a pool of gasoline - each trying to acquire more matches than the other, when a single one is more than sufficient.” - Arthur C. Clarke, editorial ANALOG, 7/83 p.164. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

ARMS TRADE: While private gun runners continue to thrive, the world’s biggest arms suppliers are the U.S., U.K., Russia, France and China. They are also the five permanent members of the UN Security Council.” – From film: “Lord of War”, with Nicolas Cage. – And these are also States with anti-gun laws for most of their subjects, although most of their subjects are much ore peaceful than are those, to whom these governments supply arms. – JZ, 18.9.08. - ARMS INDUSTRY, WEAPONS TRADE

ARMS: A government does no more like its victims to be armed than a highway robber does. - JZ, 29.10.79.

ARMS: Always make sure you have the army with you.” - Frank Herbert, God Emperor of Dune, p.340. - ARMED FORCES, MILITARY, POLICE, REVOLUTION, LIBERATION

ARMS: If the police are armed, the people must be also.” - Graffiti, Sydney, 8/77. - PEOPLE, POLICE, GUN CONTROL.

ARMS: Sam Colt, whose repeating sidearm allowed individuals, rather than mobs, to make a place for themselves.” - L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, 80. - WEAPONS, GUNS, INDIVIDUALS VS. MOBS

ARMS: The armed forces on one’s own nation exist - so each nation asserts - to prevent aggression by other nations. But the armed forces of other nations exist - so many people believe - to promote aggression.” - Bertrand Russell.

ARMS: The framers gave us the Second Amendment not so we could go deer or duck hunting but to give us a modicum of protection against congressional tyranny.” - Walter Williams - WEAPONS, MILITIA, RIGHT TO BEAR ARMS, GUN CONTROL LAWS

ARRANGEMENTS, FRIENDLY: You see, you have many possibilities of gain if you come to a friendly arrangement, but none at all if you insist on your legal rights.” - Isaac Asimov, Foundation & Earth, p.82. - CONTRACTS, LEGAL CLAIMS

ARRESTS: Nobody may be arbitrarily accused or arrested. An arrest is only permissible upon a warrant signed by a magistrate. The warrant has to be presented before the arrest. Otherwise, arrests are only permitted when somebody is caught in the act of committing a crime.” - From the human rights draft in PP 4, point 45. - After decades of false and arbitrary or flawed arrests, and endless civil rights disputes, I am sure that somewhere there exists a more just and practicable formula. - JZ, 30.93.

ARROGANCE: Arrogance in persons of merit affronts us more than arrogance in those without merit: merit itself is an affront.” - Friedrich Nietzsche – All those, for whom real merit is not an affront, have still not yet sufficiently combined, marketed and utilized their kinds of forces, insights, ideas and institutions. – JZ, 23.1.08. - MERIT & SNOBBISHNESS:

ARROGANCE: It has an enormous appeal and can be avoided only by those who are aware that no person has more than an infinitesimal bit of wisdom or know-how.” – L. E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p.62. – KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES

ARROGANCE: It is arrogance to suppose that one man or one woman or one group of man and women can know what is good for another or for a collection of others, and it is a high crime against humanity to act upon such an assumption.” - H. S. Ferns, The Disease of Government, p.58. - Every territorial party, politician and bureaucrat commits that kind of crime daily. - JZ, 30.1.93. - KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, FOOLISHNESS, INTOLERANCE, TERRITORIALISM

ARSON AGAINST SCHOOLS: If we force school-age kids to attend schools, some of them will burn schools down. If we force some dissidents to remain subjects of the present States, some of them will turn into terrorists. Remove the initial coercion - the compulsory membership in schools and States. Then both, arson and terrorism would be greatly reduced. - JZ, 23.6.79.

ARSON is not a rightful revolutionary act - except in the very few instances of very discriminating destructive revolutionary warfare. - JZ, 13.6.74. - The burning of draft board records comes to mind. - JZ, 30.1.93.

ART: Abstract art is a product of the untalented sold by the unprincipled to the utterly bewildered.” - Al Capp, 29.6.63.

ART: art that does not argue nor demonstrate nor discover” is mere “craftsman’s impudence.” - H. G. Wells.

ART: Artists, as a rule, have nothing really worthwhile to say. They appeal only to the emotions. It is the rare exception when they have a really worthwhile message to communicate. – Alas, that applies also to most poets and song-writers, even to most people who mainly practise writing as an art-form rather than merely as a medium to communicate valuable observations, ideas and opinions. – Brilliantly expressed errors, prejudices and absurdities are still errors, prejudices and absurdities. - JZ, 2.3.04, 19.10.07. - ARTISTS & WRITERS

ART: Does art prolong and liberate life? Does it sufficiently enrich life? Or do its glimpses of life tend to blind us, just like daily chores do, to the potential for life-extension, freedom, peace, justice, rights and genuine enlightenment? – Think of the arts and crafts practised even by barbarians. How much did they help them to develop and advance? – Art just for the sake of art does not make any sense to me. – At most it enables some artists to make a living at the expense of those, who like arts. – In Archenholtz’s book about his travels in Italy, in the 18th century, I found the observation that at least for a while, in Venice, there was no freedom of expression for the usually voluble Italian inhabitants – except on the topic of the arts. So during that period, in their coffee shops and wine houses, they talked almost endlessly about nothing but the arts – until they finally got bored and sick of this topic and kept silent! – Apparently, at his time, sports was not yet a common alternative topic. And one can talk only so much about the weather. - JZ, 19.9.94, 21.9.08, 22.1.13.

ARTS SUBSIDIES: A government-supported artist is an incompetent whore!” – Robert Heinlein, Stranger in a Strange Land, p.249.

ARTS SUBSIDIES: According to Hospers, on the matter of state subsidy to the arts there is little to say other than ‘there should be none.’ - In a short paper written for the LP, titled “Arts and the State”, he said, “Certainly, the arts deserve our support - our voluntary support, not coerced support. But not one penny should be taken by force or threat of force from the pocketbook of a person who didn’t care to support them voluntarily, to force him to support them whether he wanted to or not.” - John Hospers, 1977.

ARTS SUBSIDIES: It is doubtful that Mozart or Mahler or Gauguin or Cezanne or Shelley or Keats would have won any government awards. On the contrary, incompetents with political pull would have received the subsidies, and the real artists would have to pay more taxes to support these incompetents. That’s how government always operates.” - John Hospers, 1977. Commenting on the results of government support of the arts.

ARTS SUBSIDIES: Subsidized arts are no arts. - JZ, 31.3.76.

ARTS: Artists want their hobby subsidized by tax slaves, dominated by politicians and bureaucrats.  Other hobbyists – and who isn’t one – could raise the same absurd claims, realizing the general plunder-bund in this sphere as well. - Artistic activities are just one kind of hobby, profession or vocation activity. Why should they and not all others as well be subsidized out of taxes? Why should anything be subsidized in this way? – JZ, 24.11.96, 21.9.08. - ARTISTS, SUBSIDIES

ASSEMBLIES: Every rational being has the right to assemble with others, even armed and in the open air. - From human rights draft in PEACE PLANS No. 4. - But not on private property without the agreement of or contract with the owner. - JZ, 31.1.93.

ASSEMBLIES: Freedom of assembly is meaningless if government controls the assembly hall.” - John A. Davenport, THE INTERCOLLEGIATE REVIEW, Spring 73, p. 169. - He might have added: And the streets and the parks and all other public places. - JZ, 31.1.93.

ASSERTIVENESS & KINDNESS: Assert your freedom without imposing it on other people, and be kind to them.” - Ron Kimberling, in THE INDIVIDUALIST, 6/72, on Carl Faber. - SELF-RELIANCE, SELF-ASSERTION.

ASSERTIVENESS: Indeed, everybody should be assertative – but only in that which he fully understands!” – Goethe, West-oestlicher Divan. – JZ tr. of: “Jeder sollte freilich grob sein // Aber nur in dem, was er versteht!” - RED.

ASSET CURRENCIES: Monetization of suitable and real assets ready for sale: Not everything can be or should be monetized but most of what could be hasn’t been and much of what shouldn’t be has been. - JZ 25.12.92. - Since most consumers, most of the time and with most of their money just want to buy ready for sale consumer goods and services, most of the money they use should be based precisely upon these and not upon medium or long term capital goods which these consumers do not want now and to the same extent. Other issues than currency issues, like shares, bonds and mortgage letters, are more suitable to facilitate the distribution and transfer of capital goods. Currencies are only suitable for purchasing capital certificates, too, if and whenever and wherever they are wanted by someone. Even now many to most capital certificates are bought or traded with other old or new capital certificates. Transforming all medium and long term capital assets into ready cash in the consumer market for ready for sales consumer goods and service market would flood this market with exchange media and would depreciate them. In any fully free and fully informed, because fully publicized, market for exchange media and value standards all such issue attempts would rapidly lead to discounts and refusals and would rebound upon the issuers and work to their disadvantage, now and in the future. Good and better issues, soundly based, would drive out such ill conceived and constructed asset currency issues. JZ 25.12.92, 31.12.92. – RESERVE CURRENCIES, REDEMPTIONISM IN CAPITAL ASSETS, LAND VALUE “CURRENCIES”

ASSET CURRENCIES: With an asset currency, if it has actually been issued and found some voluntary acceptors, the holders of such notes do not, as a rule, want to buy any of the assets upon which such notes have been issued. What they do want to be able to buy with it, as long as they do, quite wrongly, consider it to be sound money or currency, is the usual assortment of diverse consumer goods and services that individuals want for themselves. But with these wishes and “means of payment”, they will very soon encounter the resistance of the shop keepers. These, too, do, as a rule, not want to buy or trade for any private shares, bonds, mortgages or government securities with them. Thus they will simply refuse to accept them as means of payment. Some unfriendly words might be exchanged in the process and that might be the only exchange that will occur, unless it comes to the exchange of blows. The shop owners will insist on being paid either in their own IOU’s, the shop currency they issued alone or jointly with other retailers or in any readily marketed other currency that they find acceptable enough. And that is their right and as it should be. Financial certificates, even in small denominations, are not suitable as general means of exchange. Moreover, their market value can fluctuate greatly and frequently. As scrip, on the stock exchanges, they may have some purchasing power – but only there. Or in take-over bids for enterprises. They could also be used as gift certificates. But hardly as a “current” currency. – JZ, 25.12.97, 29.9.08.

ASSOCIATIONISM: Individuals are free to associate and cooperate with others, to work together, pool their resources and combine their talents and treasures to form a private organization to do whatever they like, so long as they do not harm or threaten to harm others.” - R. Lee Wrights is Vice Chair of the Libertarian Party national committee. - Nizam Ahmad, Facebook, 9.8.12. - John Zube Alas, this does not yet apply in any spheres, which are still monopolized by territorial governments! – , PANARCHISM

ASSOCIATIONS: A long association - prolonged human contact, when a man and woman live together - this ends up producing a sort of rot, a poison.” - Ugo Betti, The Inquiry, 1944-45, 1.10, ed. Gino Rizzo. - Divorce and individual secessionism can stop this rot and must be free. No association should last beyond its mutual usefulness to the associates. - J.Z., 31.1.93. – MARRIAGE, DIVORCE, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

ASSOCIATIONS: Almost all people seem to somewhat grate upon each other after a while. - J.Z., 11.11.85. Some old proverb says something like: Even the best of friends should live together only if divided by a big wall.” Another says: Visitors, like fish, stink after a few days. - Man is at the same time a social and an anti-social animal, he likes his privacy, not always but frequently or sometimes. - J.Z., 26.9.02.

ASSOCIATIONS: An association is really rather like a comet - a large tail of docile followers dragged along by a small dynamic head.” - Jouvenal, The Pure Theory of Politics, Cambridge, 1963, p. 30. - This applies more to the coercively, territorially and hierarchically organized groups than to others. - J.Z., 28.1.87, 31.1.93. We have still numerous private associations from which members can freely secede or drop out and frequently do. Only those which claim a territorial monopoly do not permit this freedom to their involuntary members or subjects. – J.Z., 6.11.08.

ASSOCIATIONS: Associations are true. The State and Society are a lie.” - Mackay, Stirner, The Ego and His Own, p.147. ( „Wahr ist der Verein, unwahr der Staat und die Gesellschaft.“) – It is only the territorial State and its kind of „society“ that is full or lies and errors. – By finally ending territorialism, its coercion and monopolies, all present States and future societies and communities would become reduced to mere associations of volunteers. As such they could, largely, only wrong and harm their own voluntary members. – Without territorialism all associations can try to come close to their own real or supposed ideal. - J.Z., 4.11.10, 23.1.13.

ASSOCIATIONS: At any given moment of history it is the function of associations of devoted individuals to undertake tasks which clear-sighted people perceive to be necessary, but which nobody else is willing to perform.” - Aldous Huxley, The Doors of Perception, Shiprecords. – They should be conceded full exterritorial autonomy or full experimental freedom for this purpose. – J.Z., 4.11.10. - VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, PUBLIC SERVICES, COMPETITION, AUTONOMOY, EXTERRITORIALISM, PLURALISM

ASSOCIATIONS: exercise individual liberty and practice voluntary association.” - Edmund A. Opitz, Thinking About Economics, THE FREEMAN, 5/79, p. 289. – Did he ever propose it for all kinds of exterritorially autonomous societies and communities of volunteers, including not only anarchists and libertarians but also statists of all kinds? – JZ, 4.11.10. - VOLUNTARISM

ASSOCIATIONS: Figgis even more perhaps than his masters saw the liberty of groups as the essential element in a free society. ‘The battle of freedom in this century’, he declared from the pulpit, ‘is the battle of small societies to maintain their inherent life as against the all-devouring Leviathan of the whole.’ Small groups in particular must be allowed to take their place alongside the larger associations if freedom is to be a positive thing.” - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p. 31. - And they ought to have the choice to become exterritorially partly or completely autonomous. If they were free to associate across present borders, many of them would become more than local minorities or local suppressed majorities (by majorities predominating in other areas of a territory). They might then become as large as small to large nation State are today. - JZ, 31.1.93. – AUTONOMY, EXTERRITORIAL VIA TERRITORIAL SOVEREIGNTY, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, DECENTRALIZATION & CENTRALIZATION

ASSOCIATIONS: Forced association, even with someone innocuous, is bound to provoke resentment.” - Digogenes of Panarchy, THE CONNECTION 135, p.18. - In the case of territorial States it even provokes terrorism, national and civil wars and revolutions and many attempts at genocide or “ethnic cleansing”, as the latest mass murder phrase runs. - JZ, 31.1.93.

ASSOCIATIONS: free and spontaneous organization from below upward, by means of free associations ...” - Michael Bakunin, Statism and Anarchy, 1873. – Alas, he wrote here and elsewhere in so general terms that almost no one among his followers arrived at panarchism. – JZ, 4.11.10.

ASSOCIATIONS: Full freedom of association does not yet exist because it would also mean freedom to disassociate oneself from all present States, completely or partly and to organise e.g.: 1. new voluntaristic States or competing societies, exterritorial ones, 2. volunteer militias for the protection of individual rights, 3. alternative unions, e.g. of young or coloured people or women, if the existing unions infringe their rights, 4. payment associations using other than the official dollar as private means of exchange and standards of value, to avoid unemployment and inflation among themselves, 5. free trade associations, world-wide, running production and distribution without custom duties and other protectionist interventions among themselves, 6. world federations of any kind, autonomous and exterritorial ones, 7. associations of experimenters which exempted themselves from the supposed benefits of certain laws, for all their internal activities, because they consider these interventions to be rather harmful or wrong, 8. autonomous associations of drug addicts, who opted out of our moralistic and health restrictions, and even 9., associations of mass murderers, like the abortionists, who kill now about 40 to 300 million of their own unborn children every year. - I for one don’t want to have to live in forced association with such people, nor do I want to engage in a civil war against them. 10. Freedom to organise or participate in open air meetings, in all public places and in private ones with the owner’s permission, without asking for prior police permits, wherever and whenever one does not block or severely obstructs traffic. - JZ, n.d. & 31.1.93. You name you own examples for voluntary associationism – among possibly tens of thousands. – JZ, 7.11.08, 23.1.13.

ASSOCIATIONS: Herder explains that the forced organisation which constitutes the state maintains itself primarily by continually creating external interests which run contrary to the interests of other states; and for this reason it is ill-suited to function as a mediator and adjuster. Therefore, he substituted for the idea of the international league of states, advocated by Kant, his ‘association of all thinking men in all continents’ (*), proceeding from the correct view that mutual agreement between the human groups of the different countries is not achievable by dictation from above, but only from below upwards, by the will of the people themselves. By this ‘all the prejudices of state interests, of native religion, and most foolish prejudice of all, of rank and class, are mitigated, confined, and made harmless.’ But, ‘such victories over prejudice are’ - Herder maintains - ‘achieved from within outward, not from without inward.” - Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p.187. - From individual secessionism to voluntary associationism. From territorial sovereignty to individual sovereignty, from compulsory to voluntary associationism, from territorial law to personal law, from territorialism to exterritorialism, from archies to panarchies, from single world federations to several peacefully competing personal law ones, all only for their voluntary members. - - (*) Since most thinking men think differently on most subjects, many such associations would be required - as many as are wanted by volunteers. - JZ, 31.1.93, 23.1.13. – INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS

ASSOCIATIONS: I am always longing to be with men more excellent than myself.” - Charles Lamb, Letter to S.T. Coleridge, Jan. 10,1797. – Let each become free to follow his own hero, guru, prophet, leader etc. but never into territorially attacking or suppressing the free and different choices, systems, ideologies, religions, constitutions, laws and institutions that other people have chosen for themselves. – JZ, 4.11.10, 23.1.13. – FOLLOWERSHIP, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, GENUINE LEADERSHIP

ASSOCIATIONS: I am here because you see in me the promise, the promise that we made 200 years ago in this city - the promise kept. We have kept it, on Anarres. We have nothing but our freedom. We have nothing to give you but your own freedom. We have no law but the single principle of mutual aid between individuals. WE HAVE NO GOVERNMENT BUT THE SINGLE PRINCIPLE OF FREE ASSOCIATION. We have no states, no nations, no presidents, no premiers, no chiefs, no generals, no bosses, no bankers, no landlords, no wages, no charity, no police, no soldiers, no wars. Nor do we have much else. We are sharers, not owners. We are not prosperous. None of us is rich. None of us is powerful...” – Le Guin, The Dispossessed, 249. - Full freedom would have given them much, by making them very productive. Alas, too many anarchists do not extend associationism and its freedoms and opportunities into economics. - Obviously, they dispossessed and impoverished themselves by their anti-property policy of sharing. Man can do that successfully only in very close family and friendship circles. It cannot replace nation- and world-wide market cooperation and competition. When some sense is mixed with much nonsense the result can never be great and often it is disastrous. - JZ, 31.1.93. – PROPERTY, SHARING, COMMUNISM, PROSPERITY, MUTUAL AID, DUTIES, FREEDOM, SHARING VS. PROPERTY RIGHTS, ECONOMIC RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

ASSOCIATIONS: I prefer association to gregariousness ... it is a community of purpose that constitutes society.” - Benjamin Disraeli, Sybil. - SOCIETY, VOLUNTARISM, SELF-HELP, PANARCHISM.

ASSOCIATIONS: In early societies a man’s position is determined by his place in the complex of traditional groups into which he has been born, and history shows men gradually emancipating themselves from this closed society, and placing themselves in associations and in relationships of their own choice. Maine regarded groups as of primary importance, being the cells out of which the body politic is formed.” - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, 1975, p.54/55, on Sir Henry Maine, Lectures on the early history of institutions, p. 396 – Personal law associations can be exterritorially quite autonomous and do not necessarily or freely form territorial political institutions. Their “territory” is usually confined to privately owned real estates. Most territorial claims are the results of conquests or usurpations. – JZ, 7.11.08, 23.1.13.

ASSOCIATIONS: in the teeth of hard glad weather, - In the blown wet face of the sea: - While three men hold together, - The kingdoms are less by three.” - A. C. Swinburne, Poems and Ballads: A Son in Time of Order, 1852. – Let all dissenters secede, not only from kings, dictatorships, tyrannies and totalitarian regimes but also from republics and democracies. – JZ, 4.11.10. – ASYLUM, DES., OPEN ARMS POLICIES, FREE MIGRATION, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, ASSOCIATIONISM

ASSOCIATIONS: Marx stated in the Communist Manifesto: ‘a free association of people in which the free development of the individual is the condition of the free development of all’, where organisation exists to administer things rather than people.” - David De Leon, For Democracy Where We Work, in: Reinventing Anarchy, 320. - Whoever administers the things of people does administer the people, too. But some take a while to learn that lesson. – Mentioning the term “free” three times in this single sentence, twice the word “development” and once “association” does not make up for the coercive expropriation of the property of people that is involved. He even claims this to be individualistic! – Elsewhere he and Engels attacked voluntary communist experiments as utopian and “unscientific”. They never favoured genuine cooperative production and self-management or autonomous work groups or purchase rather than conquests or occupation of enterprises. They imagined themselves as becoming TERRITORIALLY in charge of all the property of all the people, naturally always “in the best interests of all the people”, just like all too many politicians of today, in the “Welfare State”, but even more comprehensively. - JZ, 31.1.93. – COMMUNISM, PROPERTY RIGHTS, FREEDOM, ASSOCIATIONS, GOVERNMENTS VS. THE PEOPLE, EXPROPRIATION, TOTALITARIANISM, MARXISM, STATE SOCIALISM

ASSOCIATIONS: One day Saint-Simon declared, “I cannot imagine association without government by someone.” - Thierry answered: “And I cannot imagine association without liberty.” - reported in Elie Halevy, The Era of Tyrannies. – GOVERNMENT, LIBERTY

ASSOCIATIONS: Philosopher Lancelot Law Whyte stressed the urgency of a network: ‘We who already share intimations of this emergent attitude must become aware of one another... COLLECT ALLIES BY TIMELY SIGNALS. (JZ: Capitalized by me.) - The only possibility for our time, said Joseph Campbell, the mythologist, in 1968, is ‘the free association of men and women of like spirit... not a handful but a thousand heroes, ten thousand heroes, who will create a future image of what humankind can be.’” - Marilyn Ferguson, The Aquarian Conspiracy, p.60. - All kinds of pioneers, experimenters and innovators must be free - not subject to bureaucrats, politicians and majority votes of outsiders, as long as their activities are undertaken at their own risk and expense. To decide whether it does, might in some instances require some arbitration. It should not require an almost suicidal kind of heroism to start something new. - JZ, 6.4.89, 31.1.93. – NETWORKS, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW ASSOCIATIONS, EXTERRITORIALLY AUTONOMOUS, OF VOLUNTEERS

ASSOCIATIONS: Recent theories of social and cultural pluralism must clearly be distinguished from the political pluralism with which this monograph is concerned. J. S. Furnivall employed the term ‘plural society’ to describe a type of society which resulted from the European colonisation of tropical lands. A plural society, according to Furnivall, exists when there are a number of distinct groups living side by side, but separately; they meet only in the market-place. Religious, cultural, racial and linguistic divisions re-enforce one another so that the groups form quite distinct blocks. The political entity is held together, not by shared values or by common institutions, but by force, which is exercised by an elite of colonial administrators and their local collaborators, who form a small but coherent minority in the society. Furnivall also claimed that these groups into which plural societies are divided, are not natural, organic associations, but are aggregates of individuals - they are crowds, not communities. The capitalist economic system, which has been the invariable companion of imperial expansion, led to the break-up of village life and traditional ties ...” - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, 1975, p.119. - That under territorial State pressures and privileges many associations are not natural and free growths and that natural societies are even destroyed under these conditions, is conceded by me. But that genuinely free and capitalistic developments would merely tend to dissolve old associations is denied by me. It merely allows their individual members to leave them - and gives them, individually, the choice to establish new affiliations, which they do like more. Legally sanctioned and customary or traditional associations should not be the only options for anyone. - JZ, 31.1.93. - The more freedom, the more different voluntary associations there will be. - JZ, 26.9.02. – Also: the more they will become exterritorially autonomous – if that is their desire. – JZ, 7.11.08. – PLURALISM, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUALISM, VOLUNTARISM

ASSOCIATIONS: the original BLACK DWARF which could say of the various societies, unions and political clubs: ‘Those who condemn clubs either do not understand what they can accomplish, or they wish nothing to be done... Let us look at and emulate the patient resolution of the Quakers. They have conquered without arms - without violence - without threats. They conquered by union.” - From a comment by Dennis Gould to P. B. Shelley’s The Mask of Anarchy, which was reprinted in BLACK DWARF. – Unions conquered, all too much, but not by non-violence but rather by violence or by legalized monopolies. To compare them with Quakers is ridiculous. – Where and what have Quakers conquered? - JZ, 7.11.08. – UNIONS, PARTIES, MONOPOLIES, VIOLENCE, LAWS, TERRITORIALISM

ASSOCIATIONS: There are many objects of great value to man which cannot be attained by unconnected individuals, but must be attained, if attained at all, by association.” - Daniel Webster, Speech at Pittsburg, July 1833. – What e.g. trade unionists don’t like to consider is e.g. the business-like purchase of enterprises by their employees, on terms, over a few years. Thereby they could increase productivity so much that they could actually pay that debt of with only part of the additional earnings they could thus achieve. Naturally that would make unions obviously superfluous. Thus they rather engage in anti-industrial warfare and class warfare mythology. – JZ, 7.11.08.

ASSOCIATIONS: We do not believe that the free man must needs be solitary.” - Emmanuel Mournier, Be Not Afraid: To the Heart of Materialism. - Let people secede individually and then individually and autonomously associate into their kinds of personal law associations. - JZ, 31.1.93. ALONE, INDIVIDUALISM, ALLIANCES, PANARCHISM

ASSOCIATIONS: Yet such associations can be rightful and desirable only in so far as they are purely voluntary. No man can rightfully be coerced into joining one, or supporting one, against his will. His own interest, his own judgement and his own conscience alone must determine whether he will join this association, or that; or whether he will join any. If he chooses to depend for the protection of his own rights, solely upon himself, and upon such voluntary assistance as other persons may freely offer to him when the necessity for it arises, he has a perfect right to do so, and this course would be a reasonably safe one for him to follow, so long as he himself should manifest the ordinary readiness of mankind, in like cases, to go to the assistance and defence of injured persons; and should also himself to ‘live honestly, hurt no one, and give to every one his due.’ For such a man is reasonably sure of always having friends and defenders enough in case of need, whether he shall have joined any association, or not.” - Spooner, Natural Law. - He might merely have joined an insurance group, credit union or a fraternal or religious welfare or self-help group. - JZ, 31.1.93. – PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS, PANARCHIES

ASSUMPTIONS: Most deadly errors arise from obsolete assumptions.” - Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, in ANALOG, 1/76. – FALSE CONCLUSIONS OR PREMISES, ERRORS, PREJUDICES, TERRITORIALISM, UNITY, UNIFICATION, STRENGTH, DEFENCE

ASTROLOGY: Most people rather believe in astrology than in themselves and their potential as free human beings. - JZ, 5.12.83.

ASTROLOGY: This is the excellent foppery of the world, that, when we are sick in fortune (often the surfeit of our own behaviour) we make guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and the stars; as if we were villains by necessity; fools by heavenly compulsion; knaves, thieves, and teachers by spherical predominance; drunkards, liars, and adulterers by an enforced obedience of planetary influence.” - Shakespeare, King Lear, I, 1606. – SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, FREE WILL, REASON, SCAPEGOATS, FATE, BLAMING THE STARS OR PLANETS

ASYLUM: Every man who comes to England is entitled to the protection of the English law, whatever oppression he may heretofore have suffered, and whatever may be the colour of his skin, whether it is black, or whether it is white.” (Quamvis ille niger, quamvis tu candidus.) - William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, Decision, in Somerset Habeas Corpus Case, May 1772, State Trials, vol. XX, p. 1. - Prussia had a similar clause, stating that a slave stepping on Prussian ground would thereby become free. The German proverb “Stadtluft macht frei!” (Town air makes free), reminds of the times when the slaves of an area ran away, established a palisaded township almost overnight and successfully defended themselves against pursuers. Later they also accepted and liberated runaways. But histories were rarely written by them and thus chronicles of such events are rare. - Compare the present policies of our politicians, who rather make concessions to dictators than concede human rights to those who fled from them. - Yes, in some ways, some refugees are treated even worse by the countries they fled to than by the regimes they fled from! - “Economic refugees” are also refugees, deserving freedom, especially economic freedom and not incarceration and deportation. - JZ, 26.9.02. – RACISM, IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, REFUGEES, SLAVERY, FREEDOM, IMMIGRATION

ASYLUM: Give me your tired, your poor, - Your huddled masses, yearning to breathe free, - The wretched refuse of your teeming shore: - Send these, the homeless, tempest tossed, to me: - I lift my lamp beside the golden door.” - Inscription on the Statue of Liberty, N.Y. harbour, unveiled Oct. 28, 1886. - IMMIGRATION, FREE IMMIGRATION, MIGRATION, ASYLUM, REFUGEES

ATHEISM is no reliable safeguard against economic theism, religiosity, mysticism, dogmas or sectarianism - as the economic faiths of most atheists demonstrate. Too many confined their critical capacity or interest to the criticism of religion and are too ready to accept economic dogmas, myths, errors and prejudices of the economic religion of the majority of the present statist people and of their masters. - JZ, 30.5.91, 31.1.93, 23.1.13.

ATHEISM: An atheist could not be as great a military leader as one who is not an atheist... I don’t think you will find an atheist who has reached the peak in the armed forces.” - Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, quoted in the Milwaukee Journal, quoted in John Brunner: The Stone that Never Came Down, 141. - What an argument against the faithful! I suppose that mostly, in order to rise high above the lowest ranks, you have to do your share of boot-licking, too, which comes rather hard to an atheist, who even refuses to worship a supposed God. Nor will an atheist believe that God would be favoring his side or that his heroism would bring him straight to heaven. Were e.g. Friedrich II, Caesar and Napoleon I really theists? Their fault may rather have been to imagine themselves divine. For at least the first 2 homosexuality played a role in them finding all too much obedience among men. - JZ, 31.1.93. – MILITARY LEADERS, GENERALS, RELIGION, LEADERSHIP, POWER, WAR, GOD

ATHEISM: An atheist is a man who has no invisible means of support.” – John Buchan, 1875-1940, H. E. Fosdick, On Being a Real Person, 1943. - RELIGION, GOD

ATHEISM: Atheism indicates force of mind, but to a certain degree only.” - Blaise Pascal, Pensees, XXIV, 1670. - Particularly if it demonstrates itself incapable of drawing the panarchistic conclusion from the analogy of religious tolerance, applied even to atheists. - JZ, 12.7.86. - Theism indicates a mentality but only that of a certain degree. - JZ, 31.1.93.

ATHEISM: Atheism is the vice of a few intelligent people.” - Voltaire, Philosophical Dictionary, 1764. - By that time it was probably still safer to call it a vice rather than a virtue. - JZ, 31.1.93. – The number of atheists is gradually increasing – but why only so slowly? – JZ, 7.11.08.

ATHEISM: Atheism offers the only real freedom - a clean un-gummed mind. Religion is the most dangerous of all narcotics.” - PLAYBOY, 8/77.

ATHEISM: Belief in the existence of God is as groundless as it is useless. The world will never be happy until atheism is universal.” – Source? How many were murdered in Spain and in the Soviet Union alone, under that assumption? - The world, every superstitious fool in it, need not be but could be happy, as long as the atheists can be happy and free in their atheism. The belief that all ought to share a particular faith, universally, country-wide or even world-wide, even if merely an atheistic faith or an anarchistic faith, brings us into the greatest dangers, in a world of “ethical infants and nuclear giants” (General Omar Bradley). Atheistic intolerance is morally no better than religious intolerance. - JZ, 12.7.86, 31.1.93, 4.11.10. – Full religious liberty would also tolerate the “faith” of atheists. – JZ, 4.11.10. – INTOLERANCE, UNIFORMITY

ATHEISM: Did you know that ‘an atheist is someone with no invisible means of support?” - radio joke, 11.7.66. – GOD, JOKES

ATHEISM: He who proselytises in the cause of unbelief is basically a man in need of belief.” - Eric Hoffer.

ATHEISM: I was an infant when my mother went to see an atheist burned. She took me there: The dark-robed priests were met around the pile; The multitude was gazing silently.” - P. B. Shelley, Queen Mab, VII, 1813. - How many “burnt offerings” of human flesh, blood and bones, were the “gods” offered during recorded history? But were e.g. those revolutionaries of the Spanish Civil War, who indiscriminately killed priests, or Stalinists, who prosecuted religious people, any better? - JZ, 31.1.93.

ATHEISM: It’s true there are no atheists in foxholes - at least damned few. An individual too smart to swallow an omniscient, omnipotent Santa Claus is usually hard to talk into going somewhere to be shot at by an enemy somebody else made for him.” - Captain-Inspector Nathaniel H. Blackburn, in L. Neil Smith, The Wardove, Part 4, 12 Nov. 2996. - Our faithful great leaders drive many into so desperate situations, with no rightful and rational way-out offered to them, that, in a last desperate effort, they appeal for help to a non-existing God, who they then wish to exist and to be helpful to them. When your own government, as much as the other, puts you on the firing line, much against your will, it is only natural to wish for a most powerful ally, no matter how many hundreds of millions that ally has previously left to be torn to pieces, starved or sickened to death. - JZ, 31.1.93.

ATHEISM: Might these be called the five atheist commandments?” I asked. - “Oh, no,” she objects. “Atheism has no commandments. Well, only one commandment: Thou shalt use thy mind, use reason in everything that thou doest, and never stop the process of learning.” - Madaly Murray O’Hair, OMNI, 12/81.

ATHEISM: Most of the atheists, rationalists, humanists etc. do remain, alas, victims to the usual prejudices, errors, myths, spleens and dogmas that exist in the political, economic and social spheres (including the moral or ethical sphere) and thus stagnate on the road to full enlightenment. Being enlightened only in the religious sphere is by far not enough. The theory and practice of panarchism in these other three spheres might get them moving again, on the road to enlightenment, often in the right direction, at least by and by.  – JZ, 3.8.07, 19.10.07. - ENLIGHTENMENT, FAITH, PREJUDICES, ERRORS, MYTHS, DOGMAS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, RELIGIONS, ENLIGHTENMENT, CHURCHES, SECTS,

ATHEISM: Russian Atheist: A guy who doesn’t believe in Lenin.” - Grace Downs.  - JOKES

ATHEISM: The atheist does not say, ‘There is no God,’ but he says, ‘I know not what you mean by God; the word God is to me a sound conveying no clear or distinct affirmation.’” – Charles Bradlaugh, A Plea for Atheism, 1864. - GOD

ATHEISM: The Devil divides the world between atheism and superstition.” - George Herbert, Jaculae Prudentum, 1651.

ATHEISM: The three great apostles of practical atheism, that make converts without persecuting, and retain them without preaching, are wealth, health, and power.” - C. C. Colton: Lacon, 1820. - I would add: awareness of individual rights and liberties and their practice, as far as is possible. - JZ, 31.1.93.

ATHEISM: There seems to be a terrible misunderstanding on the part of a great many people to the effect that when you cease to believe you may cease to behave.” - Louis Kronenberger, The Spirit of the Age, Company Manners, 1954. - I find even worse the all too wide-spread and often murderous attitude of “true believers”, that you may cease to “behave”, in the humane and civilized meaning, because you believe. - JZ, 31.1.93, 23.1.12.

ATHEISM: There’s even a new organization called the Reformed Atheists, who are claiming tax-exempt status as a religion.” - Jim St. Clair, Selling the promised Land, in ANALOG, May 77, p.155. - I am afraid that they were as unsuccessful in this as the various libertarian churches were. There are many other reformist and statist groups that would be interested in tax exemption and I hold that only a consistent and general program including e.g., voluntary taxation and full exterritorial minority autonomy for all, and expropriation of the politicians and bureaucrats, as far as all public assets are concerned, can unite them with the corresponding interests of anarchists and libertarians.- JZ, 31.1.93, 7.11.08.

ATHEISM: To attack the religious beliefs of peaceful and creative people is usually a fruitless exercise. Just make sure that sufficient counter information is available to them, too, once they come to seek it. - JZ, 31.1.93.

ATHEISM: When incredulity becomes a faith, it is less rational than a religion.” - Edmond and Jules De Goncourt, Journal, March 1, 1862. – Sometimes! - JZ

ATLAS: Don’t just be a Shrugging Atlas. Do your own thing. - JZ, 10/72.

ATOMIC WEAPONS: Why does nobody bother to clearly define and publish against whom, when and where such devices could be rightfully applied? Naturally, this would also require that one could and would define the terms “aggression”, “defence” and “enemy” properly, rather than leaving such most important decision to prejudiced and self-interested “leaders” and “representatives”, most of them power addicts or even power-mad. – JZ, 9.5.07, 25.10.07. – See: NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, PEACE, WAR & PEACE AIMS, AGGRESSION, DEFENCE, ENEMIES: DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TARGETS., Q., WAR

ATROCITIES: Actions are held to be good or bad, not on their own merits, but according to who does them. There is almost no kind of outrage - torture, imprisonment without trial, assassination, the bombing of civilians - which does not change its moral color when it is committed by ‘our’ side. The nationalist not only does not disapprove of atrocities committed by his own side, he has a remarkable capacity for not even hearing about them.” - George Orwell - Emailed in by C.B. – NATIONALISM, BIAS

ATROCITIES: Atrocity is recognized as such by victim and perpetrator alike, by all who learn about it at whatever remove. Atrocity has no excuses, no mitigating argument. Atrocity never balances or rectifies the past. Atrocity merely arms the future for more atrocity. It is self-perpetuating upon itself - a barbarous form of incest. Whoever commits atrocity also commits those future atrocities thus bred.” - Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, in ANALOG, 1/76. - ARMS RACES, PARTIES, INTOLERANCE, CRUELTY, TERRITORIALISM, VIOLENCE, DETERRENCE, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, ETHNIC CLEANSING, CRUELTY, HOLOCAUST, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY PRACTICES, AIR RAIDS

ATROCITIES: Men well continue to commit atrocities as long as they continue to believe absurdities.” - Ascribed to Voltaire by Des MacCarthy. - Seldes brings it as: “As long as people believe in absurdities they will continue to commit atrocities.” - Voltaire. - MYTHS, ABSURDITIES

ATTENTION SPAN: Most prejudices or myths would not be as strong and popular if the attention span (concentration ability) of people were larger. But most tire very rapidly of certain subjects, while still seeing them only at a very superficial level. - JZ, 5/1/83. - Even a relatively small and simple change-over, e.g. from printing on paper to microfilming or CD-publishing of texts, takes people many years to undertake - and even then so far only a few have made the change. A thicket of opinions of paper and computer addicts has to be broken through and so far few were persistent enough for this. - JZ, 31.1.93. - Not even floppy disks, far less CDs, have so far been sufficiently used by anarchists and libertarians for their literature. - JZ, 26.9.02.

ATTILA SYNDROME: take it instead of making it.” - G. Harry Stine, ANALOG 1/91, p. 184. - AGGRESSION, EXPLOITATION, MONOPOLY, TAXATION, ROBBERY, PLUNDER

ATTRACTION, In my judgement, one hasn’t a prayer of being an effective worker in freedom’s vineyard except as he grasps and adheres strictly to the law of attraction - that magnetism founded exclusively on the pursuit of excellence. Doubtless, many freedom devotees are influenced to employ wrong methods because of the success of such methods in destroying a free society. But creating a free society is a different matter and so must the methods be different. The methods that work in destroying are destructive when used in creating ...” – Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, 131. - POWER OF ATTRACTION, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, FULL MINORITY AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAWS, DISTRIBUTION OF GOVERNMENT ASSETS, SOUND CURRENCIES COMPETITIVELY SUPPLIED, PERSONAL LAWS, FREE CHOICE OF GOVERNMENTS, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, ENCYCLOPAEDIA, ABSTRACTS, BIBLIOGRAPHY, REVIEWS, DIRECTORY, COMPREHENSIVE PUBLISHING & INDEXING, IDEAS ARCHIVE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, REFUTATIONS ENCYCLOPAEDIA

ATTRACTION: I believe rather in drawing men toward good than shutting them out from bad.” – Emile Zola. – ATTRACTION VS. PROHIBITION

ATTRACTION: there is a powerful alternative to compulsion, and it may be rediscovered when compulsory measures finally fail. It is called attraction.” - Melvin D. Barger, THE FREEMAN, 10/67, p. 605. – ATTRACTION VS. COMPULSION, VOLUNTARISM

AUDACITY: Sapere aude! Dare to use your own reasoning powers!” - Quoted by Kant in his famous essay: What Is Enlightenment?

AUDACITY: Success is the child of audacity.” - Disraeli, but only in a re-translation from the German version. JZ – Compare: “Nothing ventured, nothing gained!”

AUDIENCE SIZE: Another aspect of this intriguing paradox: as a person grows in knowledge, he is exposed to a new set of friends - and almost certainly faces a dwindling number of old friends. There are many ways to lose friends, of course, but what I am suggesting is that a dwindling audience is NOT NECESSARILY a sign of failure; on the contrary, it may signify personal progress. ...” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.180. - The most advanced might find the least people to understand them. - JZ, 20.6.77. Already Laotse is said to have remarked something like: To be understood only by a few belongs to my value. Also apply: “Communication is possible only among equals.” The most advanced might thus speak and write mainly for the future and should make sure of their recordings, their permanence and at least minimum distribution - and ready availability, cheaply, on demand. Microfiche do offer that option to anyone. So do floppy disks and CDs. How lasting are e-mails and websites? - JZ, n.d. & 26.9.02. – FRIENDSHIP, LIKE-MINDED PEOPLE, FELLOW BELIEVERS OR IDEOLOGUES, FREEDOM-, PEACE- & JUSTICE ADVOCATES

AUDIENCES, LARGE: Large audiences seldom retain anything of lasting value... The best audience is an audience of one.” – G. C. Roche, Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.43. - Communist proselytizing was rather effective, on a one person to one person basis, in which one person dedicated his time for weeks to winning over just a single new convert, in a relentless and overwhelming effort. It should be possible to convey truths faster and more deeply with less effort, with a “soft sell” rather than with “hard sell”. - Marshall Fritz and his Advocates of Self-Government have possibly made some worthwhile advances in this direction. At least they tried. - JZ, 31.1.93. – PERSUASION ATTEMPTS, ENLIGHTENMENT, PUBLICITY, ADVOCACY

AUDIENCES: Any experienced lecturer or personal counsel or who ignores applause and accurately assesses results, knows full well that the best audience is one, though he may not know the reason why. - The biggest live audience I ever addressed was 2,200. But the applause must have been for ‘a good show’ rather than for any ideas that might have been garnered, for I have yet to find the slightest trace of any ideological impact or of any lasting interest aroused by that lecture. - Often, when I have been scheduled to address a convention or an annual meeting, a friend in that community had at the same time arranged for a small, invitational gathering. The big affair pays my expenses in dollars, and little more. But the small one invariably yields handsomely in terms of FEE’s objectives.” - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.108. - I have often wondered whether for the circulation of new ideas and opinions the mass media are suitable at all, because the positive response rate from mentionings and discussions there appeared to me to be very low, indeed, as percentages of the total readership they formally reach. - Those who regularly follow the news through them are not mentally prepared and receptive for new ideas, as a rule. Thus even the best presentations in them might be largely failures. However, if they are audio or video-taped and transcribed and then ordered by interested individuals and paid attention to at a suitable time and occasion, then the better presentations can be successful - e.g. as selected clippings or lecture notes. And in flow-chart discussions (and electronic “argument mapping” as developed by Paul Monk at al) you can effectively debate with one – namely yourself, and, potentially, with many others, over a long period, and in reading books you can be in a one to one relationship, at least through careful reading,  thinking and note-taking on your side, with famous people, most of whom are already long dead or living ones whom you might never meet. Moreover, then you are usually undisturbed by a crowd around you and you can select your time and place. After and between large conference sessions, the informal small rap sessions are often the most fruitful. Perhaps there is something to “personal magnetism”, which does not come across through the mass media and even to most people of large audiences, because it has only a limited range, at least for most people. Some, like great mischief makers, seem to be able to temporarily hold the minds of thousands. But do these demagogues ever enlighten these thousands or do they merely stampede them in the already desired direction? If it is largely true that “communication takes place only among equals”, then small and select groups are obviously to be preferred to more or less interested or accidental crowds. The non-thinking within the crowd may also interfere with the thinking of the few in the crowd who otherwise can and want to think. - People of the drop-out and alternative culture movement speak often of “good or bad ‘vibes’ (vibrations)”. Perhaps such vibrations can one day be measured and distinguished? All nuances of an individual’s voice are not yet transmitted electronically and via the mass media one usually does not get the full view body language, either, and a large crowd sees it only from too far away. - I believe it was in a large second-hand books store in Seattle, in 91, that I saw ca. 3-4 m shelf spaces filled with books on public speaking. Is there one that extracted the essence of all such writings? Either much research in this sphere still remains to be undertaken or it remains to be sufficiently publicised. I suggested once, in a comment to a book on Richard Cobden, that we might still be able to analyse now, at least to some extent, from the numerous reports on him, why he was so uniquely persuasive.  - One of the best books on the subject that I have found is: Michael Doyle & David Strauss: How To Make Meetings Work, The New Interaction Method, Playboy Paperbacks, 1976, 300 pages, operating then from Playboy Paperbacks Book Mailing Service, P.O. Box 690, Rockville Centre, N.Y. 11 571. - JZ, 31.1.93. – Now there are also fan-clubs of deceased great thinkers online and at least the potential exists to combine all abstracts, reviews and discussions of their writings as well as their collected works on disc or on line. Thus, potentially and over a period, any writer and speaker, who has something worthwhile to state, can have a world-wide audience of somewhat like-minded people. – JZ, 23.1.13.

AUDIENCES: My experiences over several decades attest to the fact, and I believe many teachers would confirm, that the smaller and more personal the audience the better are the educational results...” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, 108. - Personal confrontations should as far as possible be avoided in attempts to find the truth. The adversary and adjudication process in a personal way is not very effective, either. I’d rather help to gradually provide as many impersonal references as possible: Full texts, all of them, made cheaply and easily more accessible via bibliographies, abstracts and indexes, encyclopaedias of the best refutations so far found - of common errors, myths and prejudices, comprehensive handbooks of definitions, ideas archives, slogans and aphorisms for liberty, handbooks of the most effective wordings for truths, etc. - JZ, 31.1.93. – However, compare how with the decentralized help of “monitors” a single teacher could teach at least the basics in a very short time to a “class” of up to a thousand pupils, as was demonstrated e.g. by Joseph Lancaster. - SMALL & PERSONAL AUDIENCES & EDUCATION

AUSTRALIA: Let’s turn Australia into a really free country - from a country that only imagines itself to be free. At least we do not have to risk our lives in this process, as we would have when trying to liberate some other countries, while living in them. - JZ, 9.10.83. - With all my love for peace and criticism of what remains wrong and flawed in Australia, I still believe it would be worthwhile to fight for it, if necessary, with conventional weapons, against a totalitarian attack. I also know that libertarian defence methods could make such a defence relatively easy and bloodless and turn it into a liberation war or revolution or military insurrection within the attacking country. See e.g. PP 61-63 and 16-18. - JZ, 31.1.93.

AUSTRALIA: We are the richest country in the world.” - John Singleton, 20/10/76. - We were, once, and could soon be again. However, see the mess the politicians have so far made of our achievements and opportunities. - JZ, 12/76, 31.1.93.

AUSTRALIAN GOODS & SERVICES: Buy Australian? - Blindly buy Australian, regardless of quality and price? Be a fool with your money - if that is your choice. - JZ, 18.5.86. - If you buy foreign goods, your money spent there will either have been earned by Australian exports or will lead soon to corresponding exports. If you are in doubt about this, regarding the government’s paper currency, make sure, by using more suitable international purchasing vouchers and clearing certificates, as recommended by Prof. Edgard Milhaud and Ulrich v. Beckerath. - JZ, 5.10.89, 31.1.93. - Any dealer prefers it if we buy from him rather than from others. But the economy does not suffer but rather benefits, if we buy from others because they are more competitive. What applies to the dealers in a town applies to those in a state, those of the whole of Australia and those of the whole world. Free Trade, not local favouritism, would grant all of us much larger favours than playing local favourites could. - Our own money, coined or printed by ourselves, or in form of clearing certificates, based upon our own goods and services, no matter where it is spent or readily accepted, would inevitably come back to us to pay for our goods and services. Let us rather assure our sales in that way than by appeals to blind and uninformed and misleading nationalism. Australians are better off buying competitive goods at competitive prices overseas than buying non-competitive goods at non-competitive prices in Australia. By all foreigners acting the same towards our goods, everybody would win. Only inefficient producers and suppliers would and ought to lose out, the sooner the better, by the daily referendum of sovereign consumers, voting with their dollars. - JZ, 31.1.93. – PROTECTIONISM, BOYCOTTS, OPPOSITION TO IMPORTS, NATIONALISM, FREE TRADE, MONETARY & CLEARING FREEDOM

AUSTRALIAN MADE: The expression ‘Made in Australia’ is one of the greatest Australian-made stupidities, errors and prejudices, full of wrong premises and false conclusions. - JZ, 6.2.02. – And yet it is endlessly repeated in public and almost never questioned. An indication of the quality of our education system and of our “self-thinking”! – JZ, 8.2.08. - It wrongly asserts that political borders have an inherent economic significance, that the international division of labor involved in Free Trade can be economically harmful, that only the purchase of Australian goods, services and labor by Australians would provide Australians with jobs, that imports would have economic disadvantages, that foreigners would be advantaged if they did not buy Australian goods - but only those they produced at home, that jobs are diminished by imports, that economic “autarchy”, as aimed at by men steeped in economic ignorance and prejudice, like Hitler was, would be economically advantageous, that trade is beneficial only within national borders, that every import does not have to be paid for by a corresponding export, that what we pay for imports does not lead to corresponding redemption obligations in goods and services for us, when the means of payment we used stream back to us. It does not realize that imports are the payment for exports and that exports lead inevitably to imports, and imports lead inevitably to exports. That such slogans of economic illiteracy can still be so widely used in political and private advertising and that almost no Australian “economist” ever speaks up against it, does indicate a very low level of public education and knowledge among journalists, politicians, economists and advertisers as well as among their victims, all victims of a public mis-education system. - A short leaflet setting out the most important of the fallacies involved, and their best refutations, could do some good. ) - Among the related slogans is e.g.: “Buy your kid a job: Buy Australian!” Such nonsense is spread by the mass media with never a critical word or at least some doubts and questions expressed! - JZ, 7.2.02.

AUSTRALIAN NATIONALISM: I am first a human being, secondly a human rights moralist, thirdly a panarchistic libertarian, then - many other things and only lastly an “Australian”. - JZ, 21.5.76.

AUSTRALIA’S MULTICULTURALISM: Australia is made up of immigrants from 110 nations. - Bob Hawke, 10/88. ( Possibly not the exact wording.)

AUTARCHY: autarchist - ‘a believer in individual self-rule’.”- LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Fall 75.

AUTARCHY: Autarchy: autos = self + archos = rule = self rule.” - Stormy Mon, A Liberty Book, p.93.

AUTARCHY: Many times when I use the term ‘government’, people think that I mean law and order. And so, if they hear me say: ‘We don’t need government’, they think I mean we don’t need law and order. Well, this is probably what makes me an ‘autarchist’ rather than an anarchist. I think we need law and order. You see, I am dedicated to the idea of lawful and orderly procedures. And because of that I have to stand against government. Because government doesn’t provide either law or order, ...” - Lefevre, Good Government, p.8. – LAW & ORDER, GOVERNMENT

AUTHORITARIAN SYSTEMS: Let almost all major authoritarian systems implode or puff apart, quite harmless, by removing their territorial borders and sovereign powers over all their dissenters.  Let the resulting fragments fly their own way as far or as near as they want to go. - If, instead, you keep them territorially, constitutionally, legally and juridically confined, then you create a dangerous and explosive atmosphere – and uphold targets for IBMs. - JZ, 21 January 99.

AUTHORITARIANISM: A country free from authoritarian tyranny; ...” - L. E. Read, on the American Dream, in THE FREEMAN, 11/74.

AUTHORITARIANISM: all authority and government are based on force, the master class, with its burden of omniscience, faces the servile class, with its burden of nescience, precisely as a highwayman faces his victim. Communication is possible only between equals. The master class never abstracts enough information from the servile class to know what is actually going on in the world where the actual productivity of society occurs. Furthermore, the logogram of any authoritarian society remains fairly inflexible as time passes, but everything else in the universe constantly changes. The result can only be progressive disorientation among the rulers. The end is debacle. - The schizophrenia of authoritarianism exists both in the individual and in the whole society. I call this the Snafu Principle.” – Robert Anton Wilson & Robert Shea, Illuminatus II, The Golden Apple, 1975, 77, p.193.

AUTHORITARIANISM: All forms of authoritarianism - socialism, state interventionism or welfarism, and the like - are despotic. They are at once dictatorial, domineering, coercively prescriptive; they are dogmatic and arrogant. All despotic philosophies may be simply summarized: ‘Do as I say, OR ELSE!’ The practices of this way of life range all the way from one person lording it over another to those who wield their vast political powers over millions of citizens. As the eminent German psychiatrist, Dr. Fritz Kunkel, evaluated this mode of conduct: ‘There is not much difference between the medicine-man of ten-thousand years ago and the political propagandiser of our time’.” – L. E. Read, somewhere? Quoting: Dr. Fritz Kunkel, N.Y., In Search of Maturity, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1943, p. 65. - The xyz different schools of psychology and psychiatry have mostly authoritarians in their ranks, too. - JZ, 1.2.93. - TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITARIANISM: All forms of authoritarianism are pompous nonsense.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.30. - Not only LET freedom reign but maximize the number of freedom institutions, services and communication channels, so that no creative spark or energy need any longer get lost in authoritarian deserts. Appeals like: “Let Freedom Reign” are not enough, in the same way as prayers to God Almighty, to Be A Good Man, are not enough. - JZ, 1.2.93.

AUTHORITARIANISM: All some people can conceive is not whether authoritarianism is right or wrong but which authority they think should be enforced on everybody else.” - Henryk G., 72. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM

AUTHORITARIANISM: An individual does not adopt authoritarian ways because he knows so little. More likely than not, he behaves in this manner because he is unaware of how little he knows - unaware of the significance that his personal stock of knowledge has in the context of the whole.” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.92.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Assuming this awareness of how little one knows, how could one behave as an authoritarian, play the role of God?” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.98.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarianism - regardless of the labels assigned to its numerous forms - presupposes non existing gods, that is, politicians who naively believe that they know how to steer mankind aright and, thus, can run your, my, and everyone else’s life to humanity’s advantage. These self-proclaimed wizards are in fact the most ignorant of all men. Why this derogatory assessment? They haven’t taken the very first step in wisdom, namely, achieving an awareness of how little they know. While no wizard among them all can even make a pencil, each has little doubt that mankind, if made in his infinitesimal image, would be improved and that all our millions of requirements would better prosper under his direction. Prosper? Preposterous!” – Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, p.20/21. - GOVERNMENTS, LEADERSHIP, STATE, POLITICIANS

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarianism assumes (1) that we KNOW how everyone should live, and (2) that we have the right to FORCE them to live that way. The libertarian denies both. If man is to progress, some must try new ways. Many will fail. But we will all gain from those who find better ways.” - Rod Manis, Manifesto, 118. - PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, TOLERANCE, ACTION, EXPERIMENTATION

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarianism at best can turn out carbon copies, no copy ever being as perfect as the imperfect original. Carbon copies cannot be improvements but only second-rate duplicates.” – Leonard E. Read, The Miracle of the Market, in Champions of Freedom, p. 54. - This analogy has been out-dated by modern copy machines. I have often turned flawed original letters or clippings into much more legible photocopies. Computerized enhancement of images and texts, not accessible to me, has also improved copies over the originals. The originals of old master painters have often faded away, excellent duplicates have been made of them. Forgeries of originals have been made, sometimes so good that experts were taken in by them for a long time. - Thus I would  rather say that followers can be successful innovators, bypassing the original thoughts of their masters, only by becoming free of the mental domination by their masters, i.e., by respecting the creative sparks in themselves, too. Only then can they stand on the shoulders of giants - instead of being trampled underfoot by them. - JZ, 1.2.93. –

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarianism has nothing to offer but its chains. - JZ, 27.9.75.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarianism however labelled: socialism, communism, the welfare state, the planned economy, political dictocrats running our lives.” - Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p.26.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarianism is O.K. for those who desire and thus deserve it but no one else should be subjected to it. - JZ, 26.7.87. - PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarianism means: Advocating the principle of obedience to authority as opposed to individual liberty.” - THE MATCH, editorial, Jan. 75.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarianism ought to be scrapped.” - THE MATCH, Jan. 75. – For all but authoritarians! Let them alone suffer under their self-chosen “ideal”! – Panarchies even for them! JZ, 7.11.08.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarianism stems from not knowing how little one knows: the greatest ignorance of all. Instead of a ruler, let freedom be the rule; no restraints against the creative actions of anyone. The better we understand this truth, the more we can share it, and gain by so doing.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, IX.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authoritarians tend to be sado-masochistic in nature - that is, they are subservient to authority and love to exercise power over others.” - Alex Montero, FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, No. 57. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, CHAUVINISM, RACISM, UNITY SPLEEN, VICTIMIZATION, CENTRALIZATION, POWER

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authority seems to command a devotion that morality can’t match.” - Gloria Sturzenacker, in LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, Jan., Feb. 78, p. 32. - In most, but not in all cases, and only under present statist conditions and as far as these are applied. Look at their choices in clothing, foods, entertainment, sports, hobbies, i.e. in spheres where they remain individually free. - JZ, 1.2.93. – Even fashions, dances and hair styles have become more and more individualized. – JZ, 7.11.08, 23.1.13.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Authority, by dividing men into classes, creates dichotomy, disruption, hostility, fear, disunion. Liberty, by placing men on an equal footing, creates association, amalgamation, union, security. When the relationships between men are based on authority and coercion they are driven apart; when based on liberty and non-aggression, they are drawn together. ... If authoritarianism did not posses the in-built, pre-programmed double-bind structure of a Game Without End, men would long ago have rejected it and embraced libertarianism.” - Wilshon/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.243. - LIBERTARIANISM

AUTHORITARIANISM: Autocracy is based on the assumption that one man is wiser than a million men. Let’s play that over again, too. Who decides?” – Robert Heinlein, Lazarus Long, Notebook.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Cooperate means ‘to act or work together with another or others for a COMMON purpose.’ The decrees and edicts of authoritarians reflect strictly their own, not common purposes.” – Leonard E. Read, THE FREEMAN, 3/74.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Every form of authoritarianism is, however, a small ‘State’, even if it has a membership of only two.” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.240. - I would say: a territorial State, not a voluntaristic, competing and panarchistic one. - JZ, 1.2.93. – However, some authoritarians do have all too many voluntary followers. As long as they are free to secede and do not secede, the seem to have to learn their lessons still on how to live freely and self-responsibly. – Such lessons should not be outlawed, either. – JZ, 23.1.13.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Given the goal of individual growth, authoritarianism is an utterly absurd way of life.” - Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, p.10. – But let the absurd people have it, at their own expense and risk! – JZ, 23.1.13.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Good intentions will always be pleaded for every assumption of authority. It is hardly too strong to say that the Constitution was made to guard the people against the dangers of good intentions. There are men in all ages who mean to govern well, but they mean to govern. They promise to be good masters, but they mean to be masters.” - Daniel Webster - The good intentions of the Constitutionalists are just not good enough, either. How limited they are, was demonstrated by the still very incomplete and flawed bill of rights amendments to the U.S. constitution, passed gradually, as after-thoughts. – And everyone of these amendments has already been legally infringed many times. – JZ, 5.1.08. - GOOD INTENTIONS, POLITICS & ITS EXCUSES, PRESUMED NEEDS OR NECESSITIES, EMERGENCY LEGISLATION & CONSTITUTIONALISM

AUTHORITARIANISM: Have a hard look at the world around us, heading as it is toward disaster. Why? Millions of people are thinking of themselves as THE SOURCE of wisdom and, in consequence, are lording it over others. Rampant authoritarianism.” – Leonard E. Read, Castles in the Air, p.133.

AUTHORITARIANISM: I have never heard of a consistent socialist. That is, I am not aware of any person who believes that authoritarianism should be universally applied, that the state should forcibly direct and control ALL creative and productive activities. There are areas that the most ardent Marxist would leave to free will and volition. In short, there is hardly a person who does not balk at authoritarianism in some of its forms.” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.81. - Read himself was an authoritarian not only with regard to his advocacy of a territorial limited government, one not only over its few present supporters but over all its present and future dissenters, but e.g. in his definition of socialism. Of over 600 definitions he picked upon just one, that of State Socialism, and acted as if it could sufficiently represent or stand for all other forms of it, even those forms that have been advocated for quite some time as libertarian socialism or communist anarchism and individualist anarchism or cooperative and voluntary socialism. Granted, even among these some authoritarian features remained, not to speak of most of the others, but they were certainly not identical with the State Socialists. Even the Marxists greatly disagree with each other and because of their all too general remarks about a future classless society and the withering away of the State, earlier on, they were welcomed by many anarchists. Most of the different socialists are against private property rights in all too many respects. But some are pure propertarians, too. Read remained blind towards these alternatives and authoritatively condemned the lot. - JZ, 1.2.93.

AUTHORITARIANISM: I met recently the leader of a small republican party in Australia. With only about 1,000 members, he has already become almost inflexibly wedded to his party’s program, as supposedly containing the only or best solutions to all problems faced by Australians. The program contains a small number of liberating points among a large number of authoritarian ones. Representing at best only 1 in 17,000 of the population, he aims to rule all and to impose his program upon all, all - with the very best intentions, for he imagines that he knows all there is to know and that he could apply this knowledge best. He asked me about the panarchist alternative, and that makes him unique among Australian politicians, but showed not real interest my answers, which was not surprising, seeing his general authoritarian stand. He remained unaware how much exterritorial minority autonomy for all would improve his chances to come to rule at least over his own followers. Because he also stood for some liberties, like repeal of all drug laws and extension of the referendum option, a reduction of taxation and an end to frequent meddling with the old age security systems, he thought that we had sufficient in common for a cooperative working relationship. - Cooperation would only be possible for me with parties that had only a one or several points program, all being for liberty or at least the liberty and tolerance involved in panarchism. - JZ, 1.2.93, 7.11.08. – PARTIES, TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW

AUTHORITARIANISM: Ideology which assumes that decisions are and can be rightfully made by those in authority (power), elected or self-appointed etc., rather than being made by individuals themselves or chosen by individuals for themselves. Compare the choice of a physician as an advisor and specialist for themselves, individually. There is a great difference between coercively imposing authorities upon peaceful others, who have not individually asked for that authority over themselves and voluntarily and individually asking for or accepting authorities as specialists. The latter is part of social and capitalistic and individualistic market relationships, i.e. of division of labor, free enterprise and free exchange, of the economic means. Authoritarianism is the political means and usually connected with territorialism. But in private criminal cases authoritarianism can also be applied non-territorially, against victims not given the chance to opt out of e.g. a Mafia rule. Terrorists, not yet territorially ruling, but having territorial ambitions, do also impose their authoritarian decisions as far as they can, with terror measures over whole territories and their populations. Only an authority that is individually asked for and continues to be granted by individuals and authority that is exercised in self-defence over aggressive people, can be rightful. - JZ, n.d. & 1.2.93. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIAL MONOPOLISM

AUTHORITARIANISM: If the protagonists of freedom would only stop making spectacles of themselves, the millions of uncommitted citizens could give undivided attention to the antics of authoritarians. Authoritarianism could never endure even such casual scrutiny; its follies must be apparent when the eye is not distracted.” – Leonard E. Read, also in Let Freedom Reign? - Is it really only the antics of freedom lovers that distract or entertain people? They may have distracted Read from what he considered as being essential and, he imagined, others and the uncommitted would find them distracting, too. I would rather say that masses of people are distracted by the games and shows of authoritarians. Most freedom lovers at least try to make the best out of their lives under the remaining few and limited opportunities for free productive and creative work. In their enlightenment efforts they have to compete with the almost unlimited opportunities for circus performances and other entertainments and distractions. The masses find neither the sensible nor the antics activities of anarchists and libertarians distractive. They pay no attention to them at all. - JZ, 1.2.93. - LIBERTARIANISM

AUTHORITARIANISM: In any given society, the authority man has over man is in inverse ratio to the intellectual level of development reached by that society.” - Proudhon, in S. Edwards, Proudhon, p.88.

AUTHORITARIANISM: In authoritarian, centrally controlled countries, natural economic laws are subverted or ignored and priorities are arbitrarily set by bureaucrats who may and often do place more importance on the construction of tanks, war planes, the maintenance of huge standing armies, or the exporting of revolution, than on whether or not you eat.” - Vincent H. Miller, OPTION 2/77.

AUTHORITARIANISM: It dawned on me … that there was a striking parallel between the status of women and the status of practically all of us. Almost everyone has been diminished by some authoritarian superstition.” – Richard Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.45.

AUTHORITARIANISM: It would seem that a person who has gained an awareness of how little he knows, could hardly behave as an authoritarian. Such an awareness, however, must be exceedingly elusive; few seem to achieve it. Most of us assume that reality does not go beyond those things and events which fall within the purview of our five senses. We assume that other people are only what they seem to us; that the light we see is the light that is; that the sounds we hear and the odours we smell are the only sounds and odours; that we are the captains of our own souls and the lords of all we survey.” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.93. - IGNORANCE, KNOWLEDGE, WISDOM, SHORT-SIGHTEDNESS.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Many anarchists are unconscious authoritarians, because they cling illogically to the notion of uniformity (they may call it equality); not realising that the human species, like any other species in nature, develops individual variations. Uniformity must be enforced, and can be enforced only by a centralised power, i.e. by the State.” - Herbert Read, Anarchy and Order, p. 24. - TERRITORIALISM, EQUALITY, ANARCHISM AND UNIFORMITY

AUTHORITARIANISM: No doubt, his unqualified insistence upon individual liberty limited his influence during his own life time, but it is precisely that same insistence which makes Frederic Bastiat so important to those of us in another age which has largely lost its way in a series of authoritarian blind alleys.” - G. C. Roche III, Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.16.

AUTHORITARIANISM: On the other side is the politics of the old culture (*). It holds that some elite-government, church, state, majority, etc. - knows what is best for us and all power should be concentrated in its hands.” - Rod Manis, in Outside Looking In, p.411. – (*) Barbarism! – JZ – STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, UNITY, UNIFORMITY SPLEEN

AUTHORITARIANISM: The authoritarian attempts to be the master of others when, obviously, he is not even master of himself. Plato likens the authoritarian to the man who passes his life, not in the building of his inner self, but in fighting and combating other men. Need we do more than look about us to confirm the rightness of Plato’s observations?” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, 90. - We have to try to turn all men as far as possible from fighters, looters and dominators, or from warriors and barbarians, to creators, producers, industrial and trading and thus peaceful, just and free people. A genuine human culture and civilization has barely begun. Our cannibalistic and slavery origins still persist in all too many traits. Man, individual man, is still considered as merely a means by most others, instead of as an end in himself. - JZ, 1.2.93. DOMINATION, RULE, LAWS, STATISM, CENTRALIZATION, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENT

AUTHORITARIANISM: The goals of the organization get lost in bitter power conflicts and adherence to empty routines. The bureaucracy, which is supposed to be an instrument to promote efficiency through formalised rules, threatens to suffocate under the pressure of these very rules.” - David Jenkins, Job Power, p.158. - To what extent does this apply already to anarchist and libertarian organizations, especially the larger think tanks and publishers? Have they been subjected to a special study on how libertarian or authoritarian and bureaucratic libertarian organizations tend to be and how they exceeded their optimum sizes? - JZ, 1.2.93.

AUTHORITARIANISM: The list must also include the intellectual authoritarians, those believing that all who do not see eye-to-eye with them are to that extent ‘off beam’ - or fools. The authoritarians are a numerous lot!” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.93. - KNOW-IT-ALLS, INTELLECTUALS, EXPERTS, INTOLERANCE, TERRITORIALISM, ACADEMICS

AUTHORITARIANISM: The political tension between the existing authoritarian governments can result any moment now in an authoritarian catastrophe.” - ELF, No. 7.

AUTHORITARIANISM: The preceding chapter makes the claim that ‘all forms of authoritarianism are pompous nonsense.’ This seems self-evident to anyone who grasps the unimaginable content of the over-all luminosity and the infinitesimal part any discrete individual has or can have in its composition.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.32. - Indeed. This does not, however, mean that we should not, like orthodox natural sciences are supposedly already doing, try to systematically search for and combine our little bits of wisdom. FEE was not, is not and could not be enough to achieve that. Nor are all conventional freedom organizations, publishing and publicity, teaching and study efforts enough, alone or in combination. Many new avenues have to be taken to gather in, examine, develop and use or refute any contribution. And this whole palette of pro-freedom institutions and services should be listed and well described, to market all these options and lead to the innovation and addition of more and more such services, all remaining in sufficient touch with each other, while all remain also autonomous as to their particular ends and means. - JZ, 1.2.93. – See:NEW DRAFT manuscript by JZ, 2010.

AUTHORITARIANISM: The state, of course, even the democratic state, is an authoritarian institution based ultimately upon its use of authoritarian relations and its power to enforce those relationships.” - Duncan Yuille, Free Trade. – STATE, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

AUTHORITARIANISM: These three generalisations - that national security produces national insecurity; that authoritarianism produces miscommunication and eventual idiocy; and that honest politicians are a plague upon society - will be found to fully explain the Decline and Fall of Rome, the Decline and Fall of the British Empire, and the Decline and Fall of any country you care to name. They are as universal as Newton’s laws of motion and apply to all cases.” - Robert Anton Wilson, The Illuminati Papers, p.125.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Two steps are required to grasp the alternative to the minuscule knowledge that can issue from authoritarian arrangements. The first is to recognize that there is actually such a phenomenal force as Creative Wisdom. The second is not so much to understand precisely how tiny bits of knowledge form into a magnificent whole - a brilliant luminosity - but to know for certain that these bits will automatically form in an essentially free society.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.21. - Alas, Read failed to realize, what kind of additional free organizational steps, and communication channels and institutions ought to become established to maximize the chances of each additional bit of creative wisdom not becoming lost or forgotten for all too long or altogether ignored but, instead, to become recognized and applied as soon as possible. My program for a genuinely cultural revolution on how to accelerate the progress of mutual enlightenment, in my CONTACTS series and partly reproduced in PEACE PLANS 61-63, brings many such approaches together. Also my 2010 manuscript NEW DRAFT. Read himself established one such institution, namely FEE, but remained unaware of how many other free market institutions and processes and resource centers would be additionally required. Actually, an endless number but some of them have already become visible to some of us. And one can not only hope that that free market will somehow and sooner or later bring all of them to fruition but should apply some initiative and free enterprise to realized some of them. He let it happen, e.g., that many of FEE’s titles went out of print, instead of becoming even more cheaply and also permanently accessible on microfiche. He was open to many ideas, but not that of an Archive of Ideas and a Talent Registry, as proposed in PEACE PLANS  20/21. and 183. I do not remember him ever appreciating e.g. as simple and cheap options as open air speaking centers and bulletin boards, centers of second-hand bookshops etc. And it was not FEE but others who attempted to set up and to continue general freedom bookshops and libraries. Fee’s library is considerable and now embodies e.g. Henry Hazlitt’s, too, but is still all too limited, and, typically, does not contain a microfilm reading machine and film collection. Its book-mailing service contains many interesting titles but still only a tiny fraction of all freedom writings. He spoke of steps to be taken but did not try to list many of them, being always overly concerned with turning each individual into a complete lighthouse, which remains a utopian aim, because sufficient luminosity to enlighten all around one, on all their different paths, can never come from a single individual. To be an all-round wise and capable and successful person, e.g. as an inventor, manufacturer, organizer and salesman, is not within the capabilities of all or most. We do depend upon division of labor and the exchange of services. But co-generation of the total energy required by a lighthouse to function, can well be achieved by free people who are properly connected for this purpose and who plug themselves in when they have something to offer or need something. Envision a general electronic bulletin board connecting all freedom lovers. Then a network that also interconnects not only the E-mail fans but all others who are similarly interested, in particular aspects of liberty, connecting them in many other ways, not only electronic mail and its channels, yes even via the monopoly mail. FEE rarely mentioned any of the other libertarian organizational, research and publishing efforts. Yet awareness of all these options and their systematic interconnection, e.g. by various directories, are required to achieve over-all luminosity. - JZ, 1.2.93, 23.1.13. - WISDOM

AUTHORITARIANISM: We are reverting to the same type of authoritarianism from which our forefathers fled.” – Leonard E. Read, THE FREEMAN, 11/74.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Whenever authoritarianism prevails, when most of us are but carbon copies of short-sighted rulers, we face a re turn to primitivism!” - Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p. 26.

AUTHORITARIANISM: Who among us is simon-pure? Have I entirely freed myself of this destructive attitude? Determining how much of this depravity is to be found among Americans is easy enough: merely essay our own political front with its rapidly growing and popularly supported authoritarianism - ‘do as I say, or else.’ For the past 40 years elections have been races between political parties, each sparked by the very domineering traits we profess to abhor in others. - True, we have not stooped to shooting political opponents, ...” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.192. - However, we shot immigrants, smugglers, drug users, tax resisters, i.e. “criminals” without victims, or other people quite innocent but merely suspected of having broken any of our avalanches of laws. And since they meddled with people’s lives in so many ways, shooting top politicians has become such a wide-spread activity that their security precautions have grown and grown. I heard that the mayor of Detroit has about 20 bodyguards! - JZ, 1.2.93. - PARTIES, POLITICIANS, POLITICS, UNIFORMITY, TERRITORIALISM, LAWS, MEDDLING

AUTHORITARIANISM: You can’t transplant a faculty. All creative action is volitional and contingent upon individual faculties. Faculties - inventiveness, insight, intuition, and the like - cannot be transplanted. Back-seat driving (authoritarianism) attempts to transplant faculties and, thus, must fail.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, VI. - While faculties cannot be transplanted, at least not yet, access to them can be facilitated in many market-like ways. And no specialised free market can be fully rendered superfluous by the general free market. By fully developing all markets, including the ideas and talent markets, we can make all special knowledge and abilities accessible to all, at market prices. - JZ, 1.2.93. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, TALENT CENTRE

AUTHORITY VS. INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM: Where there is authority, whether that of a minority over a majority, or of a majority over a minority, there cannot be individual freedom. In the absence of a formal government there can still be hierarchies and even frank coercion.  A focus on the individual is a safeguard against any movement in that direction. - Joe Peacott, ANCHORAGE ANARCHY, DEC. 2011, , p.1. – The formal government can be non-territorial and over volunteers only. Then no wrong is done to them. They get their choice. – JZ, 17.2.12. - MINORITY

AUTHORITY: A government may be freely chosen, but it is still not all of us. It is some men vested with authority over other men.” - Charles Frankel, The Democratic Prospect, N.Y., Harper & Row, 1964, p. 136 & 30. - It is not freely chosen when it operates on the principles of majoritarianism combined with territorialism. - JZ, 2.2.93. – This simple common-sense wisdom is still totally ignored in the foreign policy towards Iraq, Afghanistan and most other “countries”, “peoples”, “States” or governments. – and even in the “own” “democracy”. – JZ, 7.11.08. – DEMOCRACY, REPRESENTATION, VOTING, PANARCHISM, PARLIAMENTS, POLITICIANS, UNITY, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITY: Abolish authorities and WE WILL LIVE, AND THE WAR WILL END, promised a prior philosopher to Hobbes.” - Chuang-tzu of China. - PLAYBOY, 6/79.

AUTHORITY: According to one authority, ‘Acceptable Authority is a power that cannot be INTELLIGENTLY or REASONABLY questioned. Questionable authority, then, would be that which is slavishly feared or blindly worshiped.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.56. - How acceptable and to whom, is any authority that cannot be intelligently or reasonably questioned? I would say such a check is a sine qua non for the acceptability, at least for me, of any authority. - JZ, 1.2.93. – Absolute authority should always be questioned most. Especially the absolute territorial authority. – JZ, 7.11.08.

AUTHORITY: According to our advice each should stay on the self-chosen path and should not let himself be impressed by authority or public opinion or dominant fashion.” - Goethe, “Sprueche in Prosa”, JZ tr. of: “Nach unserm Rat bleibe Jeder auf dem eingeschlagenen Wege und lasse sich ja nicht durch Autoritaet imponieren, durch allgemeine Uebereinstimmung bedraengen und durch Mode hinreissen.” - PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, DOING THE OWN THING

AUTHORITY: All authority is a delusion, whether in theology or in sociology. Everything is radically, even sickeningly, free.” – Robert Anton Wilson & Robert Shea, Illuminatus III, p.137. – DECIDOPHOBIA, FEAR OF FREEDOM, STATISM

AUTHORITY: All authority is a function of coding, of games rules. Men have arisen again and again armed with pitchforks to fight armies with cannon; men have also submitted docilely to the weakest and most tottery oppressors. It all depends on the extent to which coding distorts perception and conditions the physical (and mental) reflexes. - It seems at first glance that authority could not exist at all if all men were cowards or if no men were cowards, but flourishes as it does only because most men are cowards and some men are thieves. Actually, the inner dynamics of cowardice and submission on the one hand and of heroism and rebellion on the other are seldom consciously realized either by the ruling class or the servile class. Submission is identified not with cowardice but with virtue, rebellion not with heroism but with evil. To the Roman slave-owners, Spartacus was not a hero and the obedient slaves were not cowards; Spartacus was a villain and the obedient slaves were virtuous. The obedient slaves believed this also. The obedient always think of themselves as virtuous rather than cowardly.” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.242. - OBEDIENCE, VIRTUE, DOCILITY, COWARDLINESS, COURAGE, SUBMISSION

AUTHORITY: All authority is quite degrading.” - Oscar Wilde. – Especially that of territorialism. – JZ, 4.11.10.

AUTHORITY: All authority over people is using them as things.” - Michael Matteson, a conscientious objector against conscription, who was imprisoned for this! - That would serve only those right who have committed aggressive acts and those who have given their individual consent to such an abuse. - JZ, 2.2.93. – PEOPLE AS PROPERTY

AUTHORITY: All claimed authority, whether among pirates or instates, tends to aggrandise itself, to blaspheme God, to identify itself with divinity, to become aggressive, and to be absorbed in the ends of those who wield it rather than in the common ends for which it ostensibly exists. ‘Without true righteousness’, asks the saint, ‘what is a state but a band of robbers?’” - Mulford Q. Sibley, The Obligation to Disobey, p.31, on St. Augustine. - Footnote: “His discussion of the whole question is dispersed among several chapter of ‘The City of God’. See Book II, chap. 21, Book IV, chap. 4; and Book XIX, chaps 21,23 & 24.”

AUTHORITY: All men of common sense disregard authority.” - Lysander Spooner. – Are they, as yet, free enough to do so? – JZ, n.d. – If only they could and would, completely, by seceding and reorganizing under personal law. – JZ, 23.1.13. - SECESSIONISM

AUTHORITY: American society is being disfigured by its institutions. Authority forces human material into unnatural shapes. Authority produces abundantly what presumably it exists to prevent - the mal-distribution of responsibility. Misplaced responsibility drives out the competent. A person trapped by a limiting myth cannot readily go beyond it.” - Richard Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.48.

AUTHORITY: an utter loathing for anything that purports to be legitimate authority.” - THE DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP, No. 4, on Wilson/Shea’s Illuminatis Series.

AUTHORITY: Anarchy is society organized without authority, meaning by authority the power to impose one’s own will, and not the inevitable and beneficial fact that he, who has greater understanding of, as well as the ability to carry out a task, succeeds more easily in having his opinions accepted and in acting as a guide on the particular question for those less able than himself.” - Errico Malatesta, L’AGITAZIONE, June 4, 1897.

AUTHORITY: And what is political authority? It is the right to compel people to do what they do not want to do or to refrain from doing what they want to do. There is nothing else that government can do, that it has any competence for.” - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.60. - The right? And is it really competent even in that? - JZ, 2.2.93. – Think e.g. of the often very extensive black markets. – JZ, 7.11.08. – Territorial powers are not based upon any genuine right. – JZ, 4.11.10.

AUTHORITY: As long as people accept the principle of authority - that someone has the right to tell them what to do, simply because that person possesses authority, we will have a servile and potentially destructive society, government or no government.” - William Kingdon Clifford, LFB catalogue, Summer 75. - Who accepts, who does not? Is society destructive or the State? – JZ, n.d.- PEOPLE, CONSENT, STATE, SOCIETY

AUTHORITY: Authoritarian attitudes and behaviours, however, are not to be done away with merely to relieve the pain of their affliction on others. Their destructive influence on the self which exercises them must be weighed. - Plato suggested that the real authoritarian is the real slave; that he is obliged to practice adulation, servility, and flattery. His desires are impossible of satisfaction and thus he is truly poor. He grows worse from having power; for power necessarily promotes jealousy, faithlessness, injustice, unfriendliness, and impiety. Not only is he miserable himself, but he also makes others equally as miserable.” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.90.

AUTHORITY: Authority - to make it stick - must have, in back of it, a whip or stick.” - Arejas Vitkauskas, NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, Dec. 74.

AUTHORITY: Authority cannot be fair. It produces the hustler, the image-maker, the bullshit artist. Ours is an age when the appearance of results is better than solid accomplishments. It is the age of ‘creative bookkeeping’. It is the age of getting ahead in business without really doing anything.” - Source not marked. Probably from Richard Cornuelle, Demanaging America.

AUTHORITY: Authority ends where voluntary assent ends.” - Bertrand de Jouvenal. – At least it SHOULD. But to achieve that the knowledge of genuine individual rights and liberties must become wide-spread and also an ideal militia of volunteers to uphold these rights and liberties for all those, who can rightfully claim them and do so. – JZ, 4.11.10.

AUTHORITY: Authority has every reason to fear the sceptic, for authority can rarely survive in the face of doubt.” - Robert Lindner, Education for Maturity, Must You Conform? 1956. - SCEPTICISM, DOUBT, CRITICISM

AUTHORITY: Authority intoxicates, And makes mere sots of magistrates; The fumes of it invade the brain, And make men giddy, proud, and vain.” - English poet Samuel Butler, quoted by Leonard E. Read, in: “How Do We Know?”, p.84.

AUTHORITY: Authority is as destructive to those who exercise it as it is to those on whom it is exercised.” - Oscar Wilde, in a letter to the editor of the DAILY CHRONICLE. – Compare: “Every leash has two ends.” - Whoever is always in the public eye has little private liberty left. Power addiction destroys the unique individuality of the power holder first - and then the individualities of other people, subjected to him. To gain more power or to hang on to that already required, no crime it thought to be too much. Prof. Pitirim Sorokin pointed out that even the rate of ordinary crimes is higher among politicians than among any other profession. - JZ,1.2.93.

AUTHORITY: Authority is never without hate.” - Euripides, Ion, c. 421-208 B.C., tr. Ronald F. Willetts.

AUTHORITY: authority is not only bad for you and your family, but also doesn’t work. We are in the throes of a new revolution, Cornuelle says. It is a widespread, grassroots rebellion against all sorts of authority. America is becoming unmanageable because people don’t want to be managed any more. The Consciousness III attitude, that Charles Reich discovered among the campus generation, is rapidly pervading our entire society.” - John McClaughry, reviewing : De-managing America, by Richard Cornuelle. - REASON, 7/76.

AUTHORITY: Authority is the capacity to win the consent of others.” - Jouvenal. - The majoritarians think it is enough to win the consent of the majority to rule over it and the minorities. But this consensus entitles only to rule over the majority. Each minority must remain free to reach its own consensus. That is already achieved in most spheres of daily living. Only the spheres of political, economic and social systems are pre-empted by territorial powers. Liberation will not be complete until they, too, are reduced to individual consent and exterritorial autonomy among volunteers. - JZ, 2.2.93. - PANARCHISM, CONSENT, VOTING, REPRESENTATION, DELEGATION, MAJORITY, MINORITY

AUTHORITY: Authority tends to assign jobs to those least able to do them.” - Richard Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.61. – POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, PUBLIC SERVANTS, REPRESENTATIVES, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS, LEADERSHIP, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITY: Authority was the first social idea of mankind. The second consisted in working directly on the abolition of authority.” - Proudhon.

AUTHORITY: Authority without wisdom is like a heavy axe without an edge, fitter to bruise than polish.”: - Anne Bradstreet. – Sent in by C.B. - How much wisdom can there be, in the authorities of a State that is still organized territorially i.e., inevitably ignores at least to some extent the rights and liberties of some minorities under “democratic” majority rule? – JZ, 27.12.07. - GOVERNMENT, STATES

AUTHORITY: Because we have freed ourselves of the older, overt forms of authority, we do not see that we become the prey of a new kind of authority. We have become automatons who live under the illusion of being self-willing individuals...” - Erich Fromm, Escape From Freedom.

AUTHORITY: belief in Authority controlling a fixed, limited, changeless universe is the pagan religion.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.141.

AUTHORITY: But the kind of authority anarchism subscribes to is not the moral slavery of the orthodox religionist but the authority of rationally derived ideas and feelings, each individual man being his own judge of truth and falsehood.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.150.

AUTHORITY: Can you not see that there are only two creeds in the world possible for men; that there are only two sides on which a man can place himself? Are you for a free world, or for a world placed under authority? Are you a socialist, a believer in the majority, a believer in force, or do you take your stand on the fixed and inalienable rights of the individual?” - Auberon Herbert, A Politician in Sight of Heaven, pp 118/119 in Mack edition, essay 3.

AUTHORITY: declare war on all authority that is not based on courage and manhood ... the authority of lying priests, conniving  judges, blackmailing police.” - Jack Parson’s inspiration quoted by Robert Anton Wilson, in Cosmic Trigger, p.141. - Military dictators often claimed to rest their case on heroic courage and manhood. - And why not let them do their things to consenting victims? - JZ, 2.2.93.

AUTHORITY: Defy Authority.” - quoting from THE AUSTRALIAN, 17.10.73, out of context. - JZ

AUTHORITY: Despotic authority pushes us into endeavours not consonant with our uniqueness and, conversely, it keeps us from endeavours which might effectively utilise our real talents. Potential musical geniuses forced to work in the sputnik factory, for instance!” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? 57.

AUTHORITY: Distrust all authority, including my own. But trust liberty, not only in yourself but in others.” - JZ, 30.5.74, 30.7.78. - TRUST & DISTRUST

AUTHORITY: Does it follow that I reject all authority? Far from me, such a thought. In the matter of boots, I refer to the authority of the boot maker; concerning houses, canals, or railroads, I consult that of the architect or engineer. For such and such knowledge I apply to such and such a specialist. But I allow neither the boot maker nor the architect nor the specialist to impose his authority on me. I listen to them freely and with all the respect merited ... reserving always my incontestable right of criticism and censure.” - Michael Bakunin, God and the State, 1871. - SPECIALISTS, DIVISION OF LABOUR, EXPERTS, PROFESSIONALS, ACADEMICS

AUTHORITY: Every great advance in natural knowledge has involved the absolute rejection of authority.” - Thomas H. Huxley, (1825-1895) Lay Sermons, 1870. – KNOWLEDGE, PROGRESS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

AUTHORITY: From the day when the first members of councils placed exterior authority higher than interior, that is to say, recognized the decisions of men united in councils as more important and more sacred than reason and conscience, on that day began lies that caused the loss of millions of human beings and which continue their unhappy work to the present day.” - Tolstoi, quoted in Read, Castles in the Air, p.95. - COMMITTEES, PARLIAMENTS, MAJORITIES, PARTIES, REPRESENTATION, CONSCIENCE, INDIVIDUALISM, RIGHT, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

AUTHORITY: From the viewpoint of duty, from the viewpoint of oaths, from the viewpoint of the men who bossed the men, who bossed the men who bossed the men, who in turn got their ideas and their convictions from official papers written by the last generation, or men ten generations dead, who had written books and conceived traditions and rules ... A tangle-work of convention and protocol and axiomatic falsehoods that had a bad beginning....” - Ross Rocklynne, They Fly So High, AMAZING STORIES, 6/52, The History of the SF Magazine, p.202 of vol. 3.

AUTHORITY: Government is associated with authority, and there is nothing more curious or disconcerting than the way in which a liberty-loving people has come to talk about authority. If we care to examine the next job we have to do, to think out carefully at how many points it rubs up against what is called authority, we cannot fail to be surprised at the extent to which this government business has been developed. Needless to say, authority does not mean authority; the word refers to some clerk in a public office who requires a fee or a form, or both.” – Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, p.141. – STATE, GOVERNMENT, STATISM, BUREAUCRACY, LAWS, POLITICIANS, TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSORY LEGISLATION, TAXATION & LICENSING, PLANNING

AUTHORITY: Governments cannot accept liberty as their fundamental basis for justice, because governments rest upon authority and not upon liberty. To accept liberty as the fundamental basis is to discard authority; that is, to discard government itself; ...” Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.20. - As usual, exterritorial governments with voluntary members only are overlooked here. - JZ, 2.2.93. - PANARCHISM

AUTHORITY: having by woeful experience found the prevalence of corrupt interests powerfully inclining most men once entrusted with authority, to pervert the same to their own domination, and to the prejudice of our Peace and Liberties, ...” - John Lilburn, An Agreement ..., 1 May 1649.

AUTHORITY: He who is firmly seated in authority soon learns to think security, and not progress, the highest lesson of statecraft.” - James Russell Lowell, quoted in C. Bingham, Men & Affairs, p.253. - SECURITY & STATESMANSHIP

AUTHORITY: History is there to teach us that all governments resemble one another and are worth the same. The best are the worst. More cynicism among some, more hypocrisy among others. At bottom, always the same proceedings, always the same intolerance! Government is liberal only in appearance, for it has in reserve, under the dust of legislative arsenals, some nice little law ... for use against troublesome opposition. – Evil ... in the eyes of the anarchists does not lie in one form of government more than another. It is in the governmental idea itself, it is in the principle of authority.” - Peter Kropotkin, courtroom speech in Lyons, 1883. - What he says here apply only to territorial or imposed governments, not to voluntary, competing and exterritorial governments over volunteers only. Authorities that are not imposed are no threats to free men. Then they can still form their own free societies without governments. Thus they ought to go for this option. Not only the freedom lovers but all others, too. To each the government or non-governmental free society of his or her dreams. - JZ, 2.2.93. - PANARCHISM

AUTHORITY: Human society can be structured either according to the principle of authority or according to the principle of liberty. Authority is a static social configuration in which people act as superiors and inferiors: a sado-masochistic relationship. Liberty is a dynamic social configuration in which people act as equals: an erotic relationship. In every interaction between people, either Authority or Liberty is the dominant factor. Families, churches, lodges, clubs, and corporations are either more authoritarian than libertarian or more libertarian than authoritarian.” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.240. – However, communities of volunteers should also be free to subject themselves to those, whom they perceive as authorities, and as long as they do so. – JZ, 4.11.10.

AUTHORITY: I always thought that when authority began inspiring contempt, it had stopped being authority.” - H. Beam Piper, Ministry … of Disturbance, p.18, in ASTOUNDING SF, 3/59. - CONTEMPT, CONTEMPT OF COURT

AUTHORITY: I can never willingly invest any number of my fellow creators with that unlimited authority which I should refuse to any one of them.” – Leonard E. Read, The Free Man’s Almanac. - DEMOCRACY, MAJORITY

AUTHORITY: I despise you. I despise your order; your laws, your force-propped authority. Hang me for it!” - Louis Lingg, on being sentenced to hang, 1886.

AUTHORITY: I will not be authorised to live, or authorised to die or authorised to act the grim faced god to others.” - Don Crick in The Different Drummer, p.108.

AUTHORITY: If the intention were the freest possible exploitation, in response to economic forces, of the coal and steel resources of the community, then THE LAST THING WHICH WOULD BE NEEDED IS AN “AUTHORITY”, TO DO WHAT THE MARKET WILL DO OF ITSELF. When an authority is set up, that is a clear sign of intention to ensure that economic forced do NOT produce their natural effect but that something else happens instead.” - Enoch Powell, THE FREEMAN, 5/73. - QUANGOS, BOARDS, COMMISSIONS, PUBLIC AUTHORITIES, BUREAUCRACY, PLANNING, INTERVENTIONISM, COMMAND ECONOMY, DICTOCRATS

AUTHORITY: If there is an undeniable fact attested to a thousand times by experience, it is the corrupting effect of authority on those in whose hands it is placed.” - The Jura Federation of the First International, 1871. - Those inclined to praise the Swiss cantonal direct democracy to high heaven, should study its internal critics a bit more. - JZ, 2.2.93. - CORRUPTION

AUTHORITY: In “The Lives of Children”, Dennison made the important distinction between natural authority, which rests on experience, competence, wisdom and commitment, on the respect, trust, and love of one person for another, and official or coercive authority, which rests only on the power to bribe, to threaten, and to punish. Many people find it hard to understand this difference, or to see that coercive authority does not complement and support natural authority, but undermines and destroys it.” - John Holt, Instead of Education, p.109. – NATURAL VS. IMPOSED AUTHORITY

AUTHORITY: In any given society the authority of man over man runs in inverse proportion to the intellectual development of that society.” - Proudhon, Qu’est-ce que la propriete? 1840.

AUTHORITY: In our opinion, authority not only is not necessary for social organisation but, far from benefiting it, lives on it parasitically, hampers its development, and uses its advantages for the special benefit of a particular class which exploits and oppresses the others.” - Errico Malatesta, L’AGITAZIONE, June 4, 1897. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, STATE, GOVERNMENTALISM

AUTHORITY: In the higher condition of society, toward which mankind is unconsciously advancing, men will shun all responsibility for and arbitrary control over the conduct of others as sedulously as during past ages they have sought them as the chief good. Washington declined to be made king, and the whole world has not ceased to make the welkin ring with laudations of the disinterested act. The time will come yet when the declinature, on all hands, of every species of governmental authority over others, will not even be deemed a virtue, but simply the plain dictate of enlightened self-interest. The sentiment of the poet will then be recognized as an axiom of philosophy: ‘Whoever mounts the throne, - King, Priest, or Prophet, - Man alike shall groan.’” - , S. P. Andrews, The Science of Society, p.31.

AUTHORITY: In the tradition of Emerson and Thoreau, Josiah Warren insisted that free society can only survive where the individual stands as his own highest authority in matters having to do with social and moral actions. Long before the shadow of Herbert Spencer’s social and political philosophy was to fall over the land, Josiah Warren was exhorting his fellow Americans to beware of giving up even a modicum of their rights as individuals.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.69. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SELF-DETERMINATION

AUTHORITY: Inasmuch as all the votes, given for you and your lawmakers, were given in secret, all that you and they can say, in support of your authority as rulers, is that you venture upon your acts as lawmakers, etc., not because you have any open, authentic, written, legitimate authority granted to you by any human being, - for you can show nothing of the kind, - but only because, from certain reports made to you of votes given in secret, you have reason to believe that you have at your back a secret association strong enough to sustain you by force, in case your authority should be resisted. - Is there a government on earth that rests upon a more false, absurd, or tyrannical basis than that?” – Lysander Spooner: A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p. 11. – CONSENT, VOTING, REPRESENTATION

AUTHORITY: Industry needs not authority but freedom of contract, in its widest and most far-reaching sense; and liberty can come, not through authority, but through the denial of authority. Many now are strongly attracted by the socialistic theories of the day; they are repelled only by the cast iron regulations that seem to be involved. We are about to demonstrate a Socialism based upon a wider liberty than has ever yet prevailed. (We call it Libertarian Socialism.)” - John Beverley Robinson, Economics of Liberty, page 13.

AUTHORITY: Is any man good enough to be authorised to decide whether millions of others are to live or die? “ - JZ, n.d. - DECISION ON WAR AND PEACE

AUTHORITY: It does not matter to me what authority anybody else has and whose authority he has - as long as I can have mine over myself. - JZ, 20.8.75, 30.7.78. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

AUTHORITY: It does not tell us that this right of individual liberty rests upon an immutable, natural principle, which no human power can make, unmake, or alter; nor that all human authority, that claims to set it aside, or modify it, is nothing but falsehood, absurdity, usurpation, tyranny, and crime.” – Lysander Spooner, A Letter to Grover Cleveland, p.27, Works I. – POWER, TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SECESSIONISM, HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

AUTHORITY: It is always well to remember that the commonest practice of mankind is that a few shall impose authority and the majority shall submit.” - Don Passos, THE FREEMAN, 2/78, p. 126. – Territorialism demands the submission not only of the majority but also of all dissenting minorities. Exterritorial voluntarism lets all rule or self-manage their own affairs, under whatever authorities they can agree among themselves, or even none at all. – JZ, 5.11.10.

AUTHORITY: It is not just the coercive political power structure that must change. People’s attitudes toward authority must change. All authority, whether political, scientific or whatever, which calls for unquestioning obedience and denial of individual conscience and good sense, must be delegitimised.” - William Kingdon Clifford, LFB Summer catalogue, 75. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, LEGALISM

AUTHORITY: it is unwise to trust authority blindly, even libertarian authority.” - Sharon Presley, on Block’s Defending the Undefendable. – TRUST, STATISM, LOYALTY

AUTHORITY: It make no difference what he imagines this Authority to be - Ra or Baal or Zeus or Jupiter; Cleopatra or the Mikado; or Economic Necessity or the Will of the Masses or the Voice of the People; the stubborn fact is that there is no Authority, of any kind, that controls individuals. They control themselves.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.179/80. – Self-control is quite insufficient once it is reduced to suicidal “actions”. The tortured or imprisoned person is also not in full control of himself. However, it is true that even a totalitarian regime does not control individuals 100% and that societies can be successful only to the extent that they allow individuals to control their own actions. - JZ, 5.11.10 – SELF-DETERMINATION, INDEPENDENCE, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUALISM, SELF-CONTROL

AUTHORITY: it’s important that no one ever be given authority to impose his or her opinion on others by force.” – L. Neil Smith, Forge of the Elders, p.578. - POWER, AUTHORITARIANISM, MIGHT, SUBJUGATION, IMPOSITIONS, INTERFERENCES, AGGRESSIONS, DOMINATION, TERRITORIALISM, TERRITORIALLY ORGANIZED INTEOLERANCE

AUTHORITY: Less government authority, more individual freedom! - JZ, 75.

AUTHORITY: LIBERTY denies the authority of anybody’s ‘public opinion’, ‘social custom’, ‘consensus of the competent’, and all other fashionable or scholarly despots, to step between the individual and his free option in all things.” – Benjamin R. Tucker.

AUTHORITY: Love work and hate lordship.” - Saadia, in: The Wisdom of Israel, p.257. – Israel, merely as the name for a territory or country or State can have no wisdom at all. Possibly, for most of the period from which these quotes are collected, the State or country of Israel did no longer exist. “The Wisdom of Jews” might have been a better title. This book, by Lewis Browne, appeared in 1962 and contains, indeed, many pearls. – JZ, 7.11.08.

AUTHORITY: Man, proud man, - Drest in a little brief authority, - Most ignorant of what he’s most asur’d, - His glassy essence, like an angry ape, - Plays such fantastic tricks before high Heaven, - As make the angels weep.” - Shakespeare, Measure for Measure, II, 1604. – LEADERSHIP, RULERS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, POLITICIANS BUREAUCRATS, REPRESENTATIVES

AUTHORITY: Many people, of course, dislike authority, but not everyone realises that it can be not only useless, but quite harmful.” - David Jenkins, Job Power, p.8. – And all too wrongful, e.g. in the form of Warfare States. – JZ, 23.1.13.

AUTHORITY: Minimise ‘public authority and thus maximise personal liberty.’” - Edmund A. Opitz, THE FREEMAN, 7/73, 399. – It is not enough to minimize territorial authority. It must be altogether abolished. Then it does not matter, at least not in the long run and for dissenting outsiders, how much authority individual followers maintain among themselves. Exterritorially authoritarian and non-authoritarian societies and States can peacefully coexist, all only for their volunteers. A public authority does not have to be a territorial one. – JZ, 5.11.10. – It should never be a territorial one and as such it can never be quite rightful. – JZ, 23.1.13.

AUTHORITY: My hostility toward the principle of authority has in no way diminished. The studies of history I have been pursuing in my spare time for the last ten years have convinced me that it is the curse of society.” - Proudhon, in S. Edwards, Proudhon, p.94. - Rather, the curse of the territorial State upon society and societies. - JZ, 2.2.93, 5.11.10.

AUTHORITY: Nazism has been justly called an attack on civilisation. This characterisation applies with equal force to every form of dictatorship; indeed, to every kind of suppression and coercive authority. For what is civilisation in the true sense? All progress has been essentially an enlargement of the liberties of the individual, with a corresponding decrease of the authority wielded over him by external forces. This holds good in the realm of physical as well as of political and economic existence.” - Emma Goldman, The Place of the Individual in Society, 1930’s. – She, too, failed to distinguish clearly between wrongful authorities, territorially imposed and rightful authorities that are merely exterritorial ones and individually chosen by individuals for themselves. How could such a fundamental omission have remained unnoticed for so long? – JZ, 5.11.10.

AUTHORITY: never brook men or men-made authorities as the source of life, liberty, happiness, strength, consciousness.” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.31.

AUTHORITY: Never trust anyone who volunteers to assume authority.” - Belkey’s Law, THE DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP, April 79. – Do not fear him when he wishes to rule only over his kind of volunteers. Although the wealth and power of the rulers and the ruled will then be quite different, in the average both will be impoverished and diminished in their human potential. Any leash has two ends. The attempts to rule the lives of others does not leave much time and energy for living a satisfactory life of one’s own. – JZ, 5.11.10. – LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS, POWER ADDICTS

AUTHORITY: No authority has either sufficient time or interest nor intelligence to do all your essential reading or other information searches for your particular case. - JZ, 21.11.92.

AUTHORITY: No authority, no government, even if it be popular government; this is the revolution.” - P. J. Proudhon, The General Idea of Revolution in the 19th Century, 1851. - No authority, no government, not even popular government, to be territorially imposed upon a compulsory membership. But any authority or government, popular or not, if only it is practised tolerantly, i.e. exterritorially and autonomously among and over volunteers only. - See Panarchism. - JZ, 2.2.93.

AUTHORITY: No more Authority! That is to say further: free contract in place of arbitrary law; voluntary transactions in place of the control of the State; equitable and reciprocal justice in place of sovereign and distributive justice; rational instead of revealed morals; equilibrium of forces instead of equilibrium of powers; economic unity in place of political centralisation. Once more, I ask, is not this what I may venture to call a complete reversal, a turnover, a Revolution? ...” - Proudhon, General Idea of Revolution in the 19th Century. – At least here he also failed to distinguish between territorially imposed and voluntarily chosen authority. – JZ, 5.11.10. - MUTUALISM, VOLUNTARISM, ANARCHISM, PANARCHISM

AUTHORITY: One spoke of the national workshops only with a kind of terror, for fear of the people is the sickness of all those who belong to authority; the people, for those in power, are the enemy.” - Proudhon, Confessions of a Revolutionary, in George Woodcock, Proudhon, p.129. – Only the territorial power mongers and power addicts are the true enemies of the peoples. – JZ, 5.11.10. - PEOPLE, POWER

AUTHORITY: Panarchists reject the authority of others and merely tolerantly experiment among themselves on their own authority. - JZ, 12.7.86.

AUTHORITY: Perhaps it is tough on human beings, that no Authority exists to take care of them. But no such Authority does exist, or can exist. In the human world there is nothing but individual persons, born free. That’s the brutal fact. It is a tough job to be free. But six thousand years of trying to escape from freedom were tougher.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.200. – And yet the basic first steps towards as much freedom as one wants for oneself, is very simple: individual secessionism. Then one either establishes or joins a society that is to one’s liking. Under territorialism these basic free steps are as much suppressed as freedom of expression and information once were. However, once enough people clearly see them and insist upon them, without engaging in aggressive and terrorist actions, they will succeed. They will then have even many of the numerous dissenting statists on their side, for whom this experimental freedom for volunteers will also be the easiest way to realize their own ideal among themselves. – This approach will release all the centrifugal forces. - JZ, 5.11.10.

AUTHORITY: reject authority, for it is not only immoral but functionally incompetent, which is unforgivable.” - Paul Goodman, N.Y. TIMES MAGAZINE, 14.7.68. - But those unable to see that should remain free to have their wished-for authorities for themselves and over themselves. - JZ, 2.2.93.

AUTHORITY: remembering that no momentary convenience can compensate for the mischief which arises from our manufacturing little gods almighty, whether in the shape of town corporations or central parliaments. ... compulsory powers have proved and must always prove a curse and not a blessing ...” Auberon Herbert, in Mack edition, p.159. - Rulers, HIERARCHIES, CENTRALISATION

AUTHORITY: Repudiation of [territorial – JZ] authority may spring equally from maturity and immaturity...” - Alex Comfort, Authority & Delinquency, p. 104.

AUTHORITY: Rocker has made it his guiding principle to take man as given and, taking him as given, he finds him altogether too complex and incalculable to be formulated at all - unless it be a formula to say that he IS complex and incalculable. - And the standard of value, the test that he applies to cultures, institutions, social forms, is that they shall leave to this incalculable complexity the utmost possible freedom - the utmost opportunity to be complex and incalculable. His indictment of authority is that it seeks always and inevitably to make man simple and calculable, seeks to make sure that he will always do the expected thing at the expected time; and so must also decree that he may do only certain sorts of things at all.” - Ray E. Chase, translator of Rocker, Nationalism and Culture. - Those in territorial authority would like to reduce us to voters, taxpayers, subjects and soldiers, i.e. their kinds of robots, their kind of property, to their kind of pawns and other subordinated figures in their kinds of political chess games. – Allow all the figures in a country, even in the whole world, play their own games, under their own personal law rules. JZ, 2.2.93, 5.11.10. – COMPLEXITY & FREEDOM, FREE MARKETS IN EVERY SPHERE, CONTRACTARIANISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

AUTHORITY: Screw authority - before it screws you.” - Dangerous Buttons, No. 231. – People who use such terms may never clear their own minds on what really ought to be done. – JZ, 5.11.10.

AUTHORITY: Since 1869, there has been coming out of Germany a world-current of counter-revolutionary thinking. Marx was German; he led world socialism, that became international communism; and, in Italy, Mussolini’s (Fascist) dictatorship; and in Russia, Lenin’s and Stalin’s (Proletarian) dictatorship, and, in Germany, Hitler’s (National Socialist) dictatorship. The basis of all these is belief that Authority can control individuals for their own good, in a better social order than individuals can create for themselves.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.257. – They merely drove to extreme the all too popular dogmas of territorial authority and uniformity. – JZ, 5.11.10. – STATISM, UTILITARIANISM, CENTRALIZATION, POWER, TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITY: So long as any large group of persons, anywhere on this earth, believe the ancient superstition that some Authority is responsible for their welfare, they will set up some image of that Authority and try to obey it. And the result will be poverty and war.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.70. – If they adopted the voluntary and exterritorial model of authority for themselves then they would tend to learn, relatively soon, from their own errors, mistakes and choices, just like a sovereign consumer of ordinary consumer goods and services does. – JZ, 5.11.10. – WELFARE STATE, UTILITARIANISM, WARFARE STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACY, REPUBLICANISM

AUTHORITY: Taking issue with Benjamin Tucker for too boldly asserting that liberty and authority are mutually exclusive principles, Andrews argued that no such easy proposition can be successfully maintained, for these two forms of human action always stand in juxtaposition. Without doubt, Andrews held, freedom is the fundamental prerequisite of a libertarian society, and it is the necessary condition for any true moral act. Yet it is impossible to live one’s life in such a way that authority plays no part whatever in one’s actions. ‘We all do and must serve two masters, from the cradle to the grave; two fundamental opposite principles, always and everywhere existing in the nature of things, and the whole art of life consists in reconciling them approximately or relatively, as they can never be reconciled absolutely.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom. - To choice of doctors and teachers and other consultants and experts, panarchism adds the free choice among exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, or panarchies, and the free enterprise opportunity to establish new panarchies and to ask for volunteers to subscribe to them. - JZ, 1.2.93. – PANARCHISM, FREEDOM, CHOICE, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETITION, ASSOCIATIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM

AUTHORITY: that men were by nature equal and that authority was an artificial concept or quality, originating in delegation by the subject.” - Ludwig von Haller, in W. A. Dunning, Political Theories from Rousseau to Spencer, 197. - DELEGATION, REPRESENTATION, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, VOTING

AUTHORITY: That to prevent the many inconveniences apparently arising from the long continuance of the same persons in authority, this present Parliament be dissolved...” - An Agreement of the People, 1647, in A. L. Morton, Freedom in Arms, p.140.

AUTHORITY: The anarchists say much more clearly than liberals like Tocqueville and Mill (who shared their elitism) that authority blessed by numbers was far less tractable than authority consecrated by papal benediction and upheld by royalty. The more stentorian the voice, the more numerous the people, the more dangerous the enemy! Max Stirner cautioned: ‘The monarch in the person of the “royal master’ has been a paltry monarch compared with the new monarch, the ‘sovereign nation’. This monarchy was a thousand times severer, stricter, and more consistent. Against the new monarch there was no longer any right, any privilege at all; how limited the ‘absolute king’ of the ancient regime looks in comparison! The revolution effected the transformation of limited monarchy into absolute monarchy.’” - Benjamin R. Barber, Superman and Common Men, p. 132. – THE PEOPLE, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITARIANISM, TERRITORIALISM, PREJUDICES

AUTHORITY: The authorities were at their wit’s end, nor had it taken them long to get there.” - Desmond McCarthy, 1877-1952. - But it would take a long time to get them to admit this. In spite of their ignorance and helplessness, they want to go on keeping their position of authority and monopolistic decision-making while unable to make morally and rationally correct decisions, especially economic ones. - JZ, 1.2.93. . – E.g., they do not know how to come to a disarmament agreement on the destruction of all mass murder devices, how to end and prevent inflation, unemployment and other economic crises, how to end involuntary poverty, bureaucracy etc. But they do know how to keep themselves in territorial power – even with the consent of most of their ignorant and prejudiced victims. They are unable as territorialists to appreciate experimental freedom and all genuine individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 5.11.10. – POWER, POLITIANS, IGNORANCE, TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITY: The authority of government ... can have no pure right over my person and my property but what I concede to it.” - H. D. Thoreau: An Essay on Civil Disobedience, 1849. – SELF-OWNERSHP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, PROPERTY RIGHTS

AUTHORITY: The Constitution itself, then, being of no authority, on what authority does our government practically rest? On what ground can those who pretend to administer it, claim the right to seize men’s property, to restrain them of their natural liberty of action, industry, and trade, and to kill all who deny their authority to dispose of men’s properties, liberties, and lives at their pleasure or discretion?” – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI/27, VII, in Works I.

AUTHORITY: The Deity has not given any order or family of men authority over others, and if any men have given it they only could give it for themselves.” - Samuel Adams, Speech on American Independence, July 4, 1776. - Compare how far from this pure thought the U.S. government practice has come. It is always so much easier to apply criticism to others than to oneself. It is always so much more pleasant to imagine oneself as representing many others than to realize that no one can properly represent anyone else, except for very limited and specifically authorized actions and that most people, even politicians, find it hard to properly represent present even themselves. Does it really require 200 to 300 years for such sentences to sink in, deeply enough, to arrived at panarchism? - JZ, 12.7.86, 2.2.93. – DELEGATION, REPRESENTATION

AUTHORITY: The delegation of authority is, along with economic pressure and force by arms, the major method of human enslavement in the world today. The power is wrested from the people and the people bow down. The people bow down at the ballot box as if to say: ‘I agree to obey your laws and follow your decisions, and if I don’t, I give you herewith the authority to punish me.’ - The delegation of authority is a form of self-demeaning submission like the payment of taxes, or service in armed bodies. - But of course, we are all conditioned and educated to regard voting and the delegation of power as a form of noble and humane conduct. Because when voting and the delegation of power become recognisable as forms of submission, then the anarchist principle of human freedom and human possibilities becomes clear also, and then we are ready to make those changes that we anarchists call revolution.” - Judith Malina, Anarchists and the pro-hierarchical Left, ch.5, in H. J. Ehrlich et al, Reinventing Anarchy. – Most of the victims of it are still not aware that in spite of all their other differences between them, all of them do still subscribe to territorialism. – JZ, 5.11.10. – VOTING, DEMOCRACY, ELECTIONS, SUBMISSIVENESS, TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITY: the faculty of gathering another man’s assent.” - Keith C. Clark, in Sol III, vol. II, no. 2. - Or enforcing! - JZ, 2.2.93. – Since many authorities don’t bother to do it the hard way, by gaining individual consents. And their victims are not sufficiently enlightened, armed, organized and trained to resist them effectively. – JZ, 7.11.08.  – CONSENT, ASSENT, VOTING, REPRESENTATION, POLITICIANS

AUTHORITY: the family is a social structure too. It is where we first learn about authority - both sorts of authority, the reasonable and caring authority which advises us not to put our hand into the fire, and the other authority which usurps our autonomy, our right to make decisions for ourselves, and which degenerates into the brute exercise of power.” - Howard Clark, Making Non-Violent Revolution, p.11.

AUTHORITY: The follies of the fool are known to the world, but are hidden from himself; the follies of the wise are known to himself, but hidden from the world.” - C. C. Colton, Lacon, 1820. - While investigative journalism has made progress, it is still far from revealing all the follies and crimes of those in territorial authority over the public. Naked power and its effects are still rarely seen under their camouflage or if the effects are seen then they are not seen as causally connected to territorialist authoritarian measures. - JZ, 2.2.93, 5.11.10.

AUTHORITY: The fundamental, decisive idea of this Revolution is it not this: NO MORE AUTHORITY, neither in the Church, nor in the State, nor in land, nor in money?” - Proudhon, General Idea of Revolution in the 19th Century. - This is the first passage which I noticed in which he clearly attacked any kind of monetary despotism as well. - Consequently, I can only assume that he wanted no monopoly, power or privilege for his “Bank of the People” but intended it only as a competitive system. - JZ, 2.2.93. – But he did not clearly say that he meant only territorial authority. – JZ, 5.11.10.

AUTHORITY: The great majority of people have a strong need for authority which they can admire, to which they can submit, and which dominates and sometimes even ill-treats them. We have learned from the psychology of the individual whence comes this need of the masses. It is the longing for the father that lives in each of us from his childhood days, for the same father whom the hero of legend boasts of having overcome.” - Sigmund Freud, Moses and Monotheism. – STATISM, PATERNALISM, WELFARE STATE, SLAVE MENTALITY, SUBORDINATION, OBEDIENCE

AUTHORITY: The higher the authority the greater the fool.” - C. Stanton Hicks, Who called the Cook a Bastard? - quoted in THE AUSTRALIAN, 28.3.73. – RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, LEADERSHIP

AUTHORITY: The history of every group of men who ever obeyed a living Authority is a history of revolts against all forms of that Government ...” - Rose Wilder Lane, Discovery of  Freedom, p.15. – Is there such a thing as a “living” authority or are the territorial “authorities” dead abstracts only, apart from being physically alive – i.e. brain-dead? Or can you tell me any to many problems which they did not cause themselves and which they did really solve? – JZ, 7.11.08, 5.11.10, 23.1.13.

AUTHORITY: The negation of liberty.” - Bakunin.

AUTHORITY: The Obsolescence of Authority”. - Richard Cornuelle, Demanaging America, ch.3, heading. – It will become clearly revealed only once all people become free to secede from it and do their own things, together with like-minded people. – JZ, 5.11.10.

AUTHORITY: The one who relies on authority during a discussion does not use his mind but his memory.” - Leonardo da Vinci – RED, DISCUSSIONS

AUTHORITY: the police themselves know that less exertion of authority actually produces an atmosphere of good-will and mutuality.” - Michael Moorcock, The Retreat from Liberty, p.31.

AUTHORITY: The problem of human life on this earth is the problem of finding the method of applying combined human energies to this earth to get from it the necessities of human life. - This problem has never been solved by assuming that an authority controls individuals. To the degree that men in Government have assumed this authority and responsibility, and have used their actual police force in attempting to control the productive uses of human energy, to that degree the energy has failed to work. - For instance: When the French weavers believed that Louis XIV controlled weaving, there was one whole season when they did not move a shuttle. They were waiting for the King to say how many threads of warp and of woof they might put into each inch of each kind of cloth. True, if they had not waited, they would have lost their looms and perhaps their heads, for Government is a use of force...” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of  Freedom, p.39.

AUTHORITY: The purpose of LIBERTY, boiled down to its ultimate essence, is the abolition of authority ... LIBERTY denies the authority of anybody’s god to bind those who do not accept it through persuasion and natural selection.” - Benjamin R. Tucker. – The first significant step towards that aim is the abolition of territorial and thus centralized, monopolistic and enforced authority. – Freely chosen authorities, from which dissenters are free to secede will not last indefinitely and their failures will be educational for their participants as well as their outside observers. - JZ, 5.11.10. – GOD, RELIGIOUS LIBERTY OR TOLERANCE

AUTHORITY: The Royal charters had been grants of freedoms, from Governments to its subjects. They rested on the old pagan belief that Authority controls individuals, that this Authority is Government, and that no individual can do anything without permission from that controlling Authority.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.187. – LICENSING, CHARTERS, CONTROLS, PERMITS, RULERS & SUBJECTS, LAW & ORDER, TERRITORIALISM, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY

AUTHORITY: The sailors and people of Kronstadt rebelled against the central power of the Supreme Soviet and were brutally crushed. Their slogan is the essence of anarchism: ‘Where authority begins, the revolution ends.” - Rod Manis, How Can We Survive in an Age of Discontinuity? in Outside Looking In, p.416. – When territorial authority is being continued, merely in another form and under other rulers, the revolution ends. One might even say, then a genuine revolution hasn’t even begun. – JZ, 5.11.10. – REVOLKUTION, LIBERATION, REBELLION

AUTHORITY: The statesman, who should attempt to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals, would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere to be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.” - Adam Smith, quoted by Clarence B. Carson, in THE FREEMAN, 4/76.

AUTHORITY: The struggle between liberty and authority is the most conspicuous feature in the portions of history with which we are earliest familiar, particularly in that of Greece, Rome and England.” - J. S. Mill, On Liberty, I, 1859.

AUTHORITY: The tendency toward centralised authority is ... debilitating for the individual in any case...” - source?

AUTHORITY: There can be no such thing as state authority as an end in itself, for, if there were, every tyranny in this would be unassailable and sacred.” - Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, published by Houghton Mifflin Co. – Nevertheless, he systematically aimed and, temporarily, achieved precisely that, at a huge price in murdered lives and destroyed cities! – JZ, 7.11.08.  - STATE, TYRANNY, DICTATORSHIPS, HITLER REGIME, NAZIS

AUTHORITY: there is no authority anywhere.” - DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP, No. 1.

AUTHORITY: There was widespread criticism of Galbraith’s denigration of public attitudes in terms of his being a ‘tailfin-burner’, like the book burner of an earlier day. Who was he to tell people what they should like?” - Milton Friedman, From Galbraith to Economic Freedom, p.14. - Authorities, at best, can offer good advice. They are not authorised to give us orders. - JZ, 10.6.82. – EXPERTS, PROFESSIONALS, CONSUMER  SOVEREIGNTY, CHOICE

AUTHORITY: They know how to think. From the Arabs I have learned one Thing: if you are led by Authority, that means you are led by a halter.” - Adelard, circa 1100 AD. - ARABS

AUTHORITY: They replace the priest by a king, the king by an oligarchy, the oligarchs by a despot, the despot by an aristocracy, the aristocrats by a majority, the majority by a tyrant, the tyrant by oligarchs, the oligarchs by aristocrats, the aristocrats by a king, the king by a parliament, the parliament by a dictator, the dictator by a king, the king by - there’s 6,000 years of it, in every language. - Every imaginable kind of living Authority has been tried, and is still being tried somewhere on earth now. - All these kinds have been tried, too, in every possible combination; the priest and the king, the king who is the priest, the king who is God, the king and a senate, the king and the senate and a majority, the senate and a tyrant, the tyrant and the aristocrats, a king and a parliament. - Try to think of a combination; somewhere it has been tried. ... Each of these kinds of living Authority, and every one of the combinations, has worked all right, except that its subjects did not get enough to eat.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.16. – Most of these authorities were only territorial ones. The few exterritorial ones, without sufficient knowledge of and application of all genuine individual rights and liberties were not defensively strong against the territorialists, habituated to and organized for aggression and domination. Even now the exterritorialist and individual human rights alternatives are insufficiently known and appreciated. Thus and inevitably the feeling of helplessness prevails among the freedom lovers, who still imagine that recognition or appreciation of only a fraction of all rights and liberties would be enough to give them the chance to realize, among themselves, all of these rights and liberties, to whatever extent they want to. They thus denied to themselves the Archimedean leverage options. – The continued to vote merely for new territorial rulers instead of the drop-out and genuine self-management or self-government options on the basis of full exterritorial autonomy. To a large extent they still have the slave or serf mentality of being afraid of freedom. - JZ, 5.11.10. – STATISM, HELPLESSNESS, FEAR OF FREEDOM, OBEDIENCE, SUBORDINATION, SLAVISHNESS, SERF MENTALITY

AUTHORITY: They stood against both monarchy and democracy, because they knew that when men set up an imaginary Authority armed with force, they destroy all opportunity to exercise their natural freedom.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.179. - But they fell for Republicanism and Democracy! - JZ, 2.2.93. – They became the victims of their remaining territorialism and of their disinterest in all genuine individual rights and liberties, in genuine libertarian revolutions, quite rightful war and peace aims and ideal militias of volunteers for the protection of these rights and liberties. – They still see in the tax- military and education slaves of other governments their enemies rather than their potential allies. They even favour threatening them with mass extermination devices! - JZ, 5.11.10. – ENEMIES, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILIY, TERRITORIALISM, SECRET ALLIES, SECRET ALLIES, ENEMIES, NWT

AUTHORITY: This ancient belief in Authority is the whole basis of such shadowy ‘nationalism’ as actually exists. If there is no other Authority to obey, Europeans can only obey an Authority that calls itself National. As a lost child will obey any adult, so a Breton who has lost his own King will obey the Government of France, and a Bavarian will obey the Government of Germany. - On the continent of Europe (excepting only France) all Europeans obeyed their Kings until the first World War. They have never questioned Authority. Their only outcry has been, and still is, that Authority does not control them PROPERLY.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.149. - Quite a few kings were deprived of their power in Europe, too, before that time. - JZ, 2.2.93. – However, the non-victimizing and quite liberating exterritorialist and voluntarist revolution, is still to come. It could be over within a day, almost without any bloodshed at all. But to achieve this it has to be very well prepared, long in advance, first in the minds of most people, beginning with those of anarchists and libertarians and finally extending to the minds of most policemen, soldiers, officers, public servants and politicians. For even they would greatly benefit from this revolution, as much as they want to and this time through genuine earnings. – JZ, 5.11.10. – NATIONALISM, REVOLUTION, LIBERATION, TERRITORIALISM, REVOLUTION

AUTHORITY: This malignant expansion of authority has not been the result of new legislation passed by Congress. Rather, it stems from ever-new and often untenable interpretations of existing law, made by federal functionaries to suit their own purposes (and often, to satisfy personal whims).” - O. V. Garrison, The Dictocrats, p.37. - Authority is the cancer of society. - JZ, 1.7.80. - Actually, free societies, exterritorially quite autonomous and having only voluntary members would be almost immune to this kind of cancer attack. If such a society were sick the enlightened voluntary member could simply withdraw from it and thus regain his full health. - JZ, 26.9.02. – PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITY: Though authority be a stubborn bear, yet he is often led by the nose with gold.” - Shakespeare, The Winter’s Tale, IV, c. 1611. - AUTHORITY & CORRUPTION, BRIBERY

AUTHORITY: Too many people are invested with authority exceeding their knowledge.” - W.G.P. – And their moral sense! – JZ, 7.11.08. – LEADERSHIP, RULERS, PRESIDENTS, GOVERNMENTS

AUTHORITY: Troublesome as is despotic authority, I am beginning to suspect that hypothetic authority may represent an even greater threat to our well-being. This brand of authority is not imposed on me by others but, instead, is supposed by me to be an attribute of others. Unless my critical faculties are alert, I may regard many others as authorities on all things because of their outstanding skills and knowledge about some things. Because of their seeming credentials - academic degrees, titles, fame or notoriety, prestige, and soon - the inclination is to hypothesise omni-competence. They are regarded as the last and final word - authority - not only in areas where they are expert but also in areas where they may be totally lacking in competence.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.57. - Compare: “For every tyrant a thousand ready slaves.” - E. de Boetie’s “Voluntary Servitude”, Ayn Rand’s “Sanction of the Victim”, and Statism and Etatism. When these authorities on, perhaps, something, think themselves authorities on everything or are generally thought to be, then begins what O. Y. Gasset called “The Barbarism of the Specialists”. – JZ, n.d. - HYPOTHETIC VS. DESPOTIC AUTHORITY, STATISM, BIG BROTHER, TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITY: Trust in authority? But it’s your right as a free and equal individual to be as authoritative as anybody else.” - John Brunner, The Shockwave Rider, p.230.

AUTHORITY: Tucker’s use of the word ‘invasion’ is remarkably precise, considering that he wrote more than fifty years before the basic discoveries of ethology. Every act of authority is, in fact, an invasion of the psychic and physical territory of another.” - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, p.241. – Even he abused the term “territory”. He should have written, rather, of self-ownership, individual sovereignty and genuine individual rights and liberties. Alas, he was opposed to natural or human rights, because he mixed them up with governmentally granted “human rights” or “civil liberties”. – By using incorrect or flawed terms one is unlikely to arrive at full truths. - JZ, 5.11.10. - AGGRESSION & INVASION, TERMINOLOGY, WORDINGS, DEFINITIONS

AUTHORITY: Tyranny - unless tempered by freedom.” - Stefan Zweig. - A freedom tampered with by territorial tyranny is still all too authoritarian for me. - J. Z., 2.2.93.

AUTHORITY: Undermine all authorities - except individually chosen ones, which individuals remain free to leave again. - JZ, 8.1.93. – CHOICE, VOLUNTARISM

AUTHORITY: VERY few men have ever known that men are free. Among this earth’s population now, few know that fact. - For 6,000 years at least, a majority has generally believed in pagan gods. A pagan god, whatever it is called, is an Authority which (men believe) controls the energy, the acts, and therefore the fate of all individuals. - The pagan view of the universe is that it is static, motionless, limited, and controlled by an Authority. The pagan view of man is that all individuals are, and by their nature should and must be, controlled by some Authority outside themselves.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.3.TERRITORIALISM, SLAVE- & SERF-MENTALITY, NATIONALISM, HUMAN RIGHTS

AUTHORITY: We believe that more is better and up is better. We believe that with more authority we would get more accomplished. ... We believe that money and status will give us the good life. We believe that rising to our level of incompetence is fulfillment. We believe we should work and worry and climb the success ladder. How else can one finance a heart attack? - Dr. Laurence J. Peter, Why Things Go Wrong or The Peter Principle Revisited, George Allen & Unwin, p.108/109. - ACHIEVEMENTS, ACCOMPLISHMENTS, SUCCESS,

AUTHORITY: When the individual does no longer recognize or tolerate any authority over the affairs of his own life ... if, but these are so far merely pious wishes ... When it finally begins to fall, the anti-life structure of the State, and the peoples save themselves from the sinking wreck upon the safe land of liberty...” – John Henry Mackay, Abrechung, S.151. – Liberty, justice, peace and prosperity can only be achieved non-territorially, via the first volunteers managing to realize them among themselves, under full experimental freedom and tolerantly towards the remaining unenlightened and under-developed “natives” or statists, but setting up light-tower guide and examples for them. – JZ, 5.11.10. – Being quite obvious tolerant and self-responsible volunteers, they will not generate maximum resistance against their efforts and examples, which they could even advance as “fools’ liberties” among statists expecting them to fail. Small examples of this possibility are duty-free shops, industrial development zones and tax exemptions. – Comprehensive examples, all confined to their volunteers, would be much more persuasive. Under territorialism the rulers are also never quite safe in the saddle. Under voluntarism they could indefinitely continue their regime exterritorially, together with their remaining volunteers. The Catholic Church has done this for a long time. But the future secular “churches” will have to have e.g. sufficient pocket-book appeal as well. – They will have to try to offer, as cheaply and easily as they can, the kind of “paradise” on Earth which their subscribers still believe in and this in free competition with all other kinds of “paradise” offers, next door, just like those of e.g. any travel agency. – JZ, 5.11.10. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT & SELF-DETERMINATION, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES.

AUTHORITY: When these revolts succeed, they are called revolutions. But they are revolutions only in the sense that a wheel’s turning is a revolution. An Old World revolution is only a movement around a motionless centre; it never breaks out of the circle. Firm in the center is belief in Authority. No more than the Communist or the National Socialist (Nazi) today, has any Old World revolutionist ever questioned that belief; they all take it for granted that SOME Authority controls individuals...” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.16. – Again, she does not distinguish between territorially imposed authorities and those exterritorial ones which were freely chosen by and subscribed to by individuals for themselves and for the time being only. Such a subscription should be no more binding than e.g. a subscription to a magazine or a club or party. – JZ, 5.11.10.- GENUINE REVOLUTIONS, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, CONSENT, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW

AUTHORITY: Where authority begins, there the revolution ends.” - GOLOS TRUDA, No. 14, 4 Nov. 1917, p. 1. - That, too, applies only to the territorial authority over compulsory members and subjects. The exterritorial authority granted by volunteers is another matter, while individual secessions remain an option. Panarchism makes one-man-revolutions possible. - JZ, 2.2.93. – “THE KING IS DEAD, LONG LIVE THE KING!” REVOLUTION, TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITY: Where people live under authority for any appreciable length of time, he argued, their ability to govern themselves is bound to atrophy.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.296, on Ezra H. Heywood. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, SLAVE MENTALITY

AUTHORITY: Where there is authority there is no freedom.” - Russian anarchist slogan at burial of Kropotkin, quoted by Paul Avrich.

AUTHORITY: Whoever acts upon authority does, inevitably, not act in accordance with his conscience.” – “Wer auf Autoritaet hin handelt, handelt notwendig gewissenslos.” – J. G. Fichte, 1798. – CONSCIENCE

AUTHORITY: Whoever insists upon his rank has already lost it and feels it.” - Rychner. - RANK

AUTHORITY: Without attempting a complete argument, because of space limitations, may I merely state categorically that there is only one way any human being can physically inflict an injury and hence impose a ‘wrong’ on any other human being. He presumes to act as the authority over another person or that other person’s property against that person’s wishes. This is contrary to the basic nature of man as a profit-seeker. As a profit-seeker, each of us seeks to make decisions over his own person and property, and must do so to stay alive and to achieve any measure of satisfaction. I am not speaking of children, nor of any other incomplete or incompetent mentality. I speak of man qua man.” - Robert LeFevre, THE FREEMAN, 4/79. – For many years LeFevre was they only libertarians who had reprinted De Puydt’s article on panarchy. (In RAMPART JOURNAL, Fall 1966.) - INJURY, HARM, WRONG, INJUSTICE, INTOLERANCE, AGGRESSION, TERRITORIALISM

AUTHORITY: Without it man cannot exist (*), and yet it brings as many errors as truths (**); it perpetuates details that should be vanishing, refuses or lets pass by what should be upheld and is the main cause that mankind does not (***) advance.” - Goethe, “Sprueche in Prosa”, JZ tr. of: “Autorität. Ohne sie kann der Mensch nicht existieren, und doch bringt sie eben so viel Irrtum als Wahrheit mit sich; sie verewigt im Einzelnen, was einzeln voruebergehen sollte, lehnt ab und lässt vorübergehen, was festgehalten werden sollte, und ist hauptsächlich Ursache, dass die Menschheit nicht vom Flecke kommt.” - - (*) That is what „authorities“ keep asserting, even when they are quite wrong. We need specialists, competing ones and free choice among them, but no single and over-bearing authority over all of us. – (**) Actually, many, many more and sometimes hardly any truths! – (***) sufficiently! - JZ, 15.9.08. - GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, EXPERTS, PROFESSIONALS

AUTHORITY: You are your own authority now, ...” - William Hjortsberg, Gray Matters, SF, p.143. – You should be free or, at least, you should have free choice between all the kinds of supposed or real authorities that are on offer. – JZ, 5.11.10. – CHOICE, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

AUTOMATION & UNEMPLOYMENT: The first industrial revolution produced more jobs than it destroyed, by lowering the cost of production and thereby increasing the market. In England the first stocking frames were hacked to pieces by furious workers, but the stocking industry employed a hundred men at the end of the nineteenth century for every one man it employed at the beginning. - The U.S.A. citizens form the most highly industrialised society in the world, with the highest standard of living, the highest wages, the highest prices, the shortest hours - and the greatest productivity for consumer goods. - Some of the industries in which mechanisation has gone furthest, such as the motor industry, have simultaneously taken on large numbers of additional workers. - Noted by JZ, n.d., no source, & 2.2.93. – INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, JOBS

AUTOMATION: Automation enables the same number of workers to produce more goods, raising the standard of living for all.” - Mike Gunderloy, THE CONNECTION 120, p. 14, of 10 June 84. - For the real cause of involuntary mass unemployment in peace times see especially under MONETARY DESPOTISM & MONETARY FREEDOM, UNEMPLOYMENT, CRISES, CENTRAL BANKING.

AUTOMATION: Automation will cause people to work at different tasks; automation will not gradually eliminate all jobs. As workers’ real incomes grow, people may, as they have done in the past, decide to buy more leisure. They will work fewer hours and take longer vacations. Working less is not the same as not working at all ...” - Angus Black, A New Radical’s Guide to Economic Reality, p. 68. - Workers ought to turn themselves into employers of machines, automatons and robots, instead of considering themselves and remaining forever the dependent employees of a relatively few owners of productive capital. They have to develop some interest in this aim and in the several practicable and rightful transition methods that have been proposed. - JZ, 2.2.93 – , SELF-EMPLOYMENT, SELF-MANAGEMENT

AUTOMATION: Fuller, Howard Scott, Dr. L. Wayne Benner, and dozens of other technologists have pointed out that the only reason such total automation does not exist yet is misguided ideology, not lack of hardware. Politicians, for instance, are always promising a cure for unemployment, as if unemployment were a disease instead of the natural condition of any advanced technological society. (??? – JZ) As Fuller points out, if we count energy in Aristotle’s slave units (the amount of work one enslaved human can do in one day), then the average American owns 300 mechanical slaves in the form of machines servicing her (his? - JZ) needs.” - Robert A. Wilson, Illuminati Papers. – Please note, that most are still working and working hard, nevertheless! But much more productively! The term unemployment is not very aptly chosen. In a society in which all individuals own automation equipment, each will be able to let machines, automation, robots, do all the routine work for him, instead of having to slave at it himself. Even routine orders could become automated and automatically realized by his equipment. An income far beyond the own working capacity is already natural, due to technology and capital investment now. This will be more so with their development and once a decisive social reform has taken place: machines and resources are owned by all individuals, i.e., when everyone has become a capitalist. – But, like the modern businessmen, they will still be busy, not unemployed in the present sense, and be it only with their hobbies, scholarship, researches, amusements, crafts, arts activities etc. – And the whole universe is waiting for them. It cannot only be explored by robots and automatic equipment. - JZ, 17.11.82, 7.11.08. - See: UNEMPLOYMENT, MACHINES, PROPERTY, CAPITALISM, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION,

AUTOMATION: Grandfather never talked over a telephone in his life. I reach my son - 2,600 miles away - in 10 seconds; I have talked across the Pacific, to Buenos Aires, Gander, London, Mexico, and to every nook and cranny of the U.S.A. If the robots have disemployed me, it is from the limited opportunities Grandfather experienced. There is a better way to put it: the robots have liberated, not disemployed humans.” - Leonard E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, p.64/64. - Actually, machines and automation have led to a situation where the number of different jobs for biological human robots have increased vastly, coming now to ca. 400,000 different job descriptions. Hopefully, in all of them, mere laborious chores will be more and more done by mere machines. - JZ, 2.2.93. – Just like it has happened now with many household chores. Does the housewife feel unemployed as a result or relieved? – JZ, 23.1.13. - ROBOTS, UNEMPLOYMENT & LIBERATION, , MACHINES, AUTOMATION

AUTOMATION: If automation caused unemployment, then it would follow that an addition to the workforce of any mechanical energy equivalent to one man’s energy - one robot would disemploy one man. However, this is contrary to observed fact. Today in the U.S.A. each worker has perhaps 135 mechanical slaves - helpers or robots - working for him, each contributing energy equivalent to the energy of one human worker. If each robot displaced one worker, the unemployment figure would be 135 times the present work force - 10,800,000,000 - an utter absurdity.” – Leonard E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, p.60/61. In the footnote to “worker” he remarked: “The figure of 135 mechanical slaves per worker is believed to be conservative, though there are too many variables to afford proof positive. The electrical industry estimates that 57 KWHs is the equivalent to the energy of a man working an 8-hour shift for a year. More than a trillion KWHs were generated in 1965, which would mean nearly 200 electrical robots for each person in the work force, assuming that there were no energy losses in transmission and use. Some machines convert energy more efficiently than others; some humans are more energetic than others, so the figure is a guess, at best.” - And it does not include e.g. the animal energies we still use, nor the wind- and sun-power not fed into the electric grid, nor, oil and gas power consumption. - JZ, 2.2.93. - MACHINES & UNEMPLOYMENT,

AUTOMATION: Is automation really a recent phenomenon? I think not. It started when man first substituted a leaf for his hand to wipe himself.” - Angus Black, A New Radical’s Guide to Economic Reality, p.65.

AUTOMATION: It always results in more – not less – employment. … And automation has another side-effect: It increases production, which lowers prices.” - L. Neil Smith, Lever Action, A Mountain Media Book, 2001,, p. 446.

AUTOMATION: Quite possibly we could settle the whole question in our own minds by merely reflecting on primitive automation: the wheel and a domesticated animal. The ox-drawn cart, instead of putting the owner out of work, gave him higher level work and multiplied what he could produce and thus consume.” – Leonard E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, p.59. - MACHINES, TOOLS & UNEMPLOYMENT,

AUTOMATION: Robots put people out of work? On the contrary, robots become economically feasible and appear in our lives only as the result of a scarcity of human labour to accomplish all the tasks we want done. It doesn’t pay to do by machine what can be done more cheaply by hand. Businessmen tend to mechanise or automate after, rather than before, labourers have moved away from a particular job.” – Leonard E. Read, Deeper than you Think, 63/64. - Or when they have coercively priced their unionised services above their market value. – Underlining by me. - JZ, 2.2.93. – Or when they insisted in being paid with the “coin of the realm” or the monopoly money of our times. – JZ, 5.11.10. - ROBOTS & UNEMPLOYMENT,

AUTOMATION: Should we go back to destroying automatic WCs and go back to outhouses, ditches, buckets and burying the stuff every time or from time to time, just to provide such work? - JZ, 5.7.82. - UNEMPLOYMENT

AUTOMATION: Take the automobile, for instance, it disemployed buggy and wagon workers, whip and harness makers, stable hands, and a host of others. True, some went to work for the auto makers (*) but, nonetheless, the automobile - automated travel, the product of automation - made for unemployment. So goes the chant. - Regardless of that first impression, we know that robots do not, in fact, cause unemployment. For instance, we have experienced an enormous outburst of automation, yet a high percentage of the population - about 80,000,000 - is on the work force; today’s many areas of acute labour shortage refute the notion that automation causes unemployment.” – Leonard E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, p.59. - (*) I read some estimates, many years ago, that the car industry in the U.S., at one stage, directly or indirectly, employed ca. 10% of the workforce, probably more than were employed by the horse and buggy industry. Since then, compulsory unionism, exploitative taxes, outdated hierarchical management structures and other interventions have almost destroyed the U.S. car industry, by making it non-competitive. - JZ, 2.2.93. – UNEMPLOYMENT,

AUTOMATION: The belief that automation causes unemployment is based on illogical premises. If it were true, the cumulative effect of all technological change over the past several hundred years (*) would mean that scarcely anyone would now be employed. Clearly, this is not the case. It will never be the case if the market place is allowed to function freely, subject to the laws of supply and demand.” - Shane Sody, GOLD COAST BULLETIN, ca. 1978. - The workers ought to consider themselves as potential owners of machines, instead of merely as their competitors, when they are owned by others. A free market offers them x ways how they could become owners of almost all production equipment within a few years, sometimes within a few days, if they seriously tried. - (*) Why stop there, instead of counting in: the very first throwing stones, hammer stones, stone axes and arrow heads? - JZ, 2.2.93. – UNEMPLOYMENT,

AUTOMATION: The cybernetic age means the wage-economy being replaced by a National Dividend economy. Folks like Douglas and Pound and Bucky Fuller have seen that coming since the 1920s.” - R. A. Wilson, The Illuminati Papers, p.59. - I had expected better of Wilson and Fuller. That is just another version of the illusion that riches for all can be obtained merely through nationalization, combined with massive technical and scientific development. The massive mal-investments and waste that occur under a nationalized system and its prevention of rapid progress in most spheres, excepting e.g. military hardware, and even there only by over-spending, is ignored and that such a system needs rather vast subsidies than being able to deliver surpluses. Surpluses can only be expected when individuals and free associations can freely invest their own properties in productive enterprises. Only then could we hope that the dividend part of our total income, from our own productive investments, will gradually grow higher and higher, until it finally replaces our income from wages through work. Or only returns from our creative and play activities would remain, provided that these pleased others also, so much that they would pay us for them. - JZ, 2.2.93. - Dividends from own savings invested in automation equipment, instead of wages! - JZ, 13.7.82. – Moreover, the invested capital would constitute pre-done labor, even if done with the assistance of robots. - UNEMPLOYMENT, MACHINES & NATIONAL DIVIDEND OR SOCIAL CREDIT

AUTOMATION: tools, free labor and capital for the production of more wealth.” - Jim Downard, THE CONNECTION 139 of 28.7.85. - Under full monetary and financial freedom and in otherwise also liberated economies, a large number of job openings would be available for anyone who had lost an outdated job through technological developments. - JZ, 2.2.93. – Tools, machines and automatic equipment increase productivity and earnings but do not eliminate all jobs but, rather, create ever new ones, while eliminating some old ones. For every employee there are now xyz tools, machines and automatons working, without having deprived them of their jobs. But their jobs are different than they were  before – mostly easier and much better paid. – JZ, 7.11.08.

AUTONOMY: Baring force and fraud, autonomy need never be abridged in society, if autonomy is understood in the sense of individual sovereignty.” - R. A. Childs, Jr., INDIVIDUALIST, 10/71.

AUTONOMY: Baron von Ketteler, the Bishop of Mainz, who was one of the leaders of this catholic social movement, pointed back to the Middle Ages, when a mass of autonomous groups flourished and when ‘concentrated unlimited power in the hands of a single man was unknown’.” - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.31. - POWER, ABSOLUTISM, MIDDLE AGES, PANARCHISM

AUTONOMY: David Riesman’s definition of autonomy thus focuses not on nonconformity per se, but on the capacity to ‘choose whether to conform or not.’ – “The Lonely Crowd”, N.Y., Anchor, p.279. - Footnote in Benjamin R. Barber, Superman & Common Men, p.55. - The socially important factor is only whether the autonomy of others becomes infringed. - JZ, 18.11.76.

AUTONOMY: Either a man may do the best for himself with his faculties, or he and his faculties may be sacrificed for the advantage of others.” - Auberon Herbert, A Politician in Sight of Heaven, in Mack edition, Essay 3, p. 111.

AUTONOMY: Every centralised state, however liberal it may pretend to be, whatever republican form it may have, is nevertheless an oppressor, an exploiter of the working masses for the benefit of the privileged classes. It needs an army to keep these masses in check, and the existence of this armed force drives it into war. Hence I come to the conclusion that international peace is impossible until the following principle is adopted with all its logical consequences: Every people, whether weak or strong, little or great, every province, every community, must be free and autonomous; free to live and to administer itself according to its interests and special needs. In this right all people and communities are so united that the principle cannot be violated with respect to a single community without endangering all the rest at the same time.” - Michael Bakunin, speech at the congress of the Peace and Liberty League, 1867. - If workers of an enterprise seriously considered purchasing it, on long terms, and under stable value clauses, they could soon be its owners, without any revolutionary effort or sacrifices. If they applied monetary freedom principles in paying their suppliers and wages, they would have many less sales problems than the present employers have. - PEACE, LIBERTY, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, DECENTRALISATION, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, ASSOCIATIONISM

AUTONOMY: For if the essence of men is that they are autonomous beings - authors of values, or ends in themselves, the ultimate authority of which consists precisely in the fact that they are willed freely - then nothing is worse than to treat them as if they were not autonomous, but natural objects, played on by causal influences, creatures at the mercy of external stimuli, whose choices can be manipulated by their rulers, whether by threats of force or offers of rewards.” - Isaiah Berlin, quoted in The Free Man’s Almanac, ed. by L. E. Read. – RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM

AUTONOMY: Full exterritorial autonomy for everyone (who is not aggressive) and woe to anyone who attempts to repress it. (I.e. to all unofficial and official criminals.) - JZ, 77/78, 2.2.93.

AUTONOMY: Gradually, progress toward a new organization form, based on autonomy instead of autocracy, accelerated, and became a self-propelling, continuous process. In the new plant, the workers participated from almost the beginning in planning and, eventually, management...” - David Jenkins, Job Power, 255. - Revolutionary panarchistic and exterritorial autonomy practices and theories in the job sphere are rather numerous by now. In the sphere of territorial states or political, economic and social systems they are still amiss, in most cases. - JZ, 2.2.93. – Or still widely unknown. However, Google supplied 68,100 references upon a search for panarchy, on 4.11.10 and 4,430 upon a search for panarchism. – JZ, 5.11.10.

AUTONOMY: Humanity craves but dreads autonomy. One does not want to live under the yoke of guilt and fear. Autonomy consists of making with open eyes the decisions that give shape to one’s life. But being afraid of making fateful decisions, one is tempted to hide autonomy in a metaphysical fog and to become side-tracked and bogged down in puzzles about free will and determinism...” - Walter Kaufman, Without Guilt & Justice, p.2. - Humanity is a figment of the imagination. It does not have any craving as a single body. It consists of billions of autonomous bodies with different cravings. And because they crave different things they like the opportunity to autonomously satisfy their cravings, to the extent that this can be done without treating others as mere things or sacrificial animals. Give the first few courageous people the chance to live as free and to set examples to the rest, not in far away countries or even planets, in special ghettos or enclaves, but right next door, under exterritorial autonomy and personal laws. - Then you might have to step aside, in order not to be crushed by the rush. Compare the collapse of the Iron Curtain, on the communist side, which now Western statists try to partly restore from the Western side. - Compare the multitude of different activities which people, somewhat autonomously and exterritorially, do already engage in, privately, every day, individually or in voluntary associations. - Only “sovereign statist activities” restricted autonomous individualistic and voluntary actions in these public service spheres, so far. Just knock these general chains or territorial State monopolies down - and allow people to put on their own non-territorial restrictions upon themselves, if they like any such jewelry or burdens or to try to live without them. Who, for instance, could not manage his income once it is no longer taxed? - JZ, 2.2.93, 7.11.08. – And if management of their property is too bothersome for them then they can hire skilled managers for that job. – JZ, 5.11.10.

AUTONOMY: In “Both East and West these ideologies aim at denying to individuals the autonomous (i.e. the conscious and self-managing) exercise of their own activities. They aim at depriving people of freedom and responsibility in a fundamental realm and at obliging them to conform to externally imposed norms and to the pressures of ‘public opinion’ rather than to criteria determined by each person according to this own needs and experience...” - Maurice Brinton, The Irrational in Politics, p. 85.

AUTONOMY: In “a society infiltrated by ideas of emancipation and liberty’, as Hugo called it, the task remained for the romanticists to enlarge the political concept of autonomy to encompass the whole man. The romanticists found ‘a new formula for the individual - le moi romantique’. This involved a revaluation of the concept of the ego, a new valuation of self, an emphasis on the uniqueness of each being.” - Jesse F. Knight, in a review in LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, March 75.

AUTONOMY: In the FOUNDATIONS, for example, Kant claims that the Principle of Autonomy is the supreme principle of morality.” - Jeffrie G. Murphy, Kant, The Philosophy of Right. – Alas, he was never clear about exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. – JZ, 5.11.10. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSION, VOLUNTARISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, PANARCHISM, FREEDOM, LIBERTY, LIBERTARIANISM, INDIVIDUALISM, ANARCHISM

AUTONOMY: In the own house a fool knows his way around better than the philosopher in a strange one.” - Spanish Proverb. – “The wearer knows best whether his shoe pinches.” - English proverb.

AUTONOMY: Man’s autonomy is a given.” - Michael R. Dillon, THE ACADEMIC REVIEWER, Fall, Winter 73. - Compare Rose Wilder Lane’s thesis in The Discovery of Freedom, of the individual as the one and only controller of his own energies. - JZ, 2.2.93. – However, where is THAT fully realized as yet? – 5.11.10.

AUTONOMY: No outside factor intervenes. There is complete autonomy.” - D. A. de Santillan, After the Revolution, 1936. - Alas, he envisioned this as happening after and through the abolition of private property, probably in a coercive or revolutionary way, i.e., via absolutist rule over as basic a right of others as this! This in spite of the fact that many alternative proposals have described rightful, non-violent and business-like ways for workers to become owners of the productive facilities they now work with. - Their business-like take-over bids, in which they would come to pay and buy out the present employers, would not be fought by police forces and government armies but often welcomed with open arms. Their under-utilized productive and creative potential is so large that they could easily outbid any speculative take-over bid by mere financiers. Like most financiers, they could pay e.g. with timed securities (industrial bonds) rather than with cash. However, like the present employers, they would also remains victims of the consequences of monetary despotism, i.e. have sales difficulties, until they introduce monetary freedom, too. - JZ, 2.2.93.

AUTONOMY: Russell maintained that the theory of democracy demands more than majority rule; it requires the division of the community into more or less autonomous groups, which should have the right to determine those matters which affect their members only. Actions of groups which are likely to have direct effects upon non-members should be regulated by the State.” - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.88, on Bertrand Russell, Democracy and Direct Action, p. 6. - That lets the criminal territorial State creep in through the back door, to take over your property and your life, again, always under the pretence that it would be in the common interest, that your activities would harm others etc. The autonomous community approach would only work well among people fully aware of their rights and liberties, at least in their international relations and very critical towards “common good” appeals and their authoritarian defenders. Alas, as is proven by all territorial constitutions, their avalanches of laws and bureaucracies and jurisdictions, the science of mutual tolerance and respect for each other’s rights and liberties, is still vastly underdeveloped and the presumed protectors have become the major aggressors. Russell was essentially a State Socialist still and as such unaware of the freedom options to replace all territorial state services by voluntaristic and competitive private alternative institutions. - JZ, 2.2.93.

AUTONOMY: Sociology points to the ways in which human beings can achieve secure and satisfactory attitudes, but a condition of this kind of stability is the ability of individuals and groups to create their own institutions without too much pressure from outside.” - Alex Comfort, Authority and Delinquency, p. 116. – Is any territorial pressure required and justified? – JZ, 5.11.10. - STABILITY, ORGANIZATION, ASSOCIATIONS, PANARCHISM, ANARCHISM

AUTONOMY: support the claim of the Czechs to deny autonomy to several million Germans and Slovaks, or the claim of the Germans, to deny autonomy to all Czechs?” - Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.15. - Alas, Mises remained a supporter of statist, collectivist and territorial monopolies when it came to introducing market relationships in this sphere, via individual secessionism and consumer sovereignty and voluntary and competing governments. And most of his followers, in this respect, have not yet developed far beyond him, as yet, in this respect. - JZ, 2.2.93.

AUTONOMY: The essential principle of anarchy is INDIVIDUAL AUTONOMY.” - Emma Goldman, speech at the Congress of the Anarchist International, Amsterdam, 1907. - PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, ANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSION

AUTONOMY: The presupposition of autonomy, treating each citizen as the best judge of his own interest, places few restrictions on what counts as being in a citizen’s interest.” - Dennis Thompson, quoted by David Jenkins, Job Power, p.175.

AUTONOMY: today, for the first time in human history, autonomy has become a live option for millions.” - Walter Kaufmann, Without Guilt and Justice, p.46. - Yes, we only have to knock down the oppressive burden of statist territorialism and exclusive sovereignties and compulsory membership. - JZ, 2.2.93. – Panarchism will offer people many different community package deals to choose from. And they would not be forever tied to any one of them but could secede from the one they formerly choose and simply join another one, which they would then believe to be better for them. – JZ, 7.11.08.

AUTONOMY: We must ... try to live in our own communities, if we want to live at all.” - Paul Goodman and S. Blankertz, Staatlichkeitswahn, 81. - PANARCHISM, PEACE & WAR

AVERAGE MAN: Social science built on the average man would be like United States geography built upon the concept of the ‘average state’: It has an area of 72,000 sq m, and a population of 3.5 million. It has about 1,200 sq m of fresh water lakes and 37 sq m. of salt lake. Its highest mountains are about 6,000 feet high. About 5,000 sq m of it lie in the Arctic regions, where the ground is frozen the year round (permafrost). It has a shoreline of about 150 miles. The average state produces yearly about ½ million barrels of oil; 300,000 tons of coal; 50,000 pounds of copper; 10 million bushels of wheat; 3 million pounds of tobacco; 1 million bales of cotton; about 150,000 tons of citrus fruit and 9,000 tons of pineapples.” - R. J. Williams, You Are Extraordinary, p. 189. - EQUALITY & INEQUALITY, NATURAL & LEGAL

AVERAGE MAN: We as individuals cannot be averaged with other people. Inborn individuality is a highly significant factor in all our lives - as inescapable as the fact that we are human. Individuality can never be obliterated.” - R. J. Williams, You Are Extraordinary, p. 17. - INDIVIDUALS, MAN

AWARENESS: develop the awareness that we are not simply members of some community, religion or nation. Or simply part of a specific place and a specific time. But that we are members of this entire human family, creatures of this entire planet, part of a dynamic continuity - and ongoing forward-thrusting evolution whose origins go back to the animals, the forests, the oceans, but whose potentials are now suddenly infinite.” - F. M. Esfandiary, Up-Wingers, 1973, p. 17.

AWARENESS: One who is unaware that freedom is responsible for his largesse is easy prey for all the socialistic clichés authoritarians can invent. This common insensitivity also solves an annoying puzzle, that is, it explains to me for the first time why countless so-called wealthy people have no interest whatsoever in the freedom philosophy.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p. 54. - Many to most of them made their “killing” through monopolies or privileges or bribery. They are doing well enough, in spite of all the lack of liberties we complain about. They are to that extent satisfied with the status quo and fear any change, especially one which would grant others more liberties, instead of keeping them dependent. - In extreme cases they are like Mafia bosses, who definitely would not welcome a truly free market, because it would render them superfluous and lead to effective defences against any further aggressions they might want to commit against innocents. - JZ, 2.2.93.

AXIOMS: An axiom is a proposition that defeats its opponents by the fact that they have to accept it and use it in the process of any attempt to deny it. Let the caveman who does not choose to accept the axiom of identity, try to present his theory without using the concept of identity or any concept derived from it.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, quoted by Mrs. Young, Sydney, in her book manuscript on A.R., in the appendix.

AXIOMS: An axiom is a statement that defeats its opponents by the fact that they have to accept it and use it in the process of any attempt to deny it.” - Mentioned by: Carl Watner, Towards a Proprietary Theory of Justice. (See the quote from Ayn Rand, above!) - He offers only 2: The Self-Ownership Axiom and the Homesteading Axiom. – Aren’t all well formulated and genuine individual rights, as practical applications of the correct definition of “right” also axiomatic? Their opponents would have to use them, e.g. freedom of expression, freedom of information, freedom to participate in meetings and freedom of association, freedom to write and read, in attempts to refute them. If this is true, then it is all the more inexcusable that libertarians have not yet bothered to compile a comprehensive and ideally expressed declaration of individual rights and liberties. No wonder though, considering that they have not even agreed upon a common definition of “right” as yet. Some of their radicals – e.g. Max Stirner and his followers, even argue against the very concept of rights! And this in spite of the fact that – to my knowledge, none of them has refuted the definition of “right” provided by Immanuel Kant, over 200 years ago! – No wonder then, that libertarianism hasn’t advance enough as yet. - JZ, 7.11.08. - LIBERTARIAN AXIOMS, DECLARATION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, RIGHTS DEFINITION, HUMAN RIGHTS, NATURAL RIGHTS, NATURAL LAW


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