John Zube

John Zube's Bibliography on Monetary Freedom

(2010)

 


 

A - F G - L M - R S - Z

 


 

A BRIEF NOTICE OF A PAMPHLET by a ‘Practical Banker’ on the Suppression of Small Bills. - From “THE BEE”. Probably 1855. - Redlich, p. 332.

A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE RECENT HEARING BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON BANKS AND BANKING UPON THE PETITIONS TO SUPPRESS BANK BILLS UNDER FIVE DOLLARS. Boston, 1856. - Redlich, p. 332. - He offers many more such hints. I do not know and cannot find out on my own whether any of them are of interest to free banking advocates. The printing presses have certainly not kept all this kind of material in print and it is hard to access even in most libraries. - J.Z., 27.2.10.

A HISTORY OF BANKING IN ALL THE LEADING NATIONS, Edited by the EDITOR of the JOURNAL OF COMMERCE, New York, 4 vols. 1896.

ABBOT, FRANK F., The Common People of Ancient Rome. New York: Scribner, 1911. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

ABERNATHY, THOMAS P., Andrew Jackson and the Rise of Southwestern Democracy." AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, XXXII, (October, 1927), 64-77. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

ABERNATHY, THOMAS P., The Early Development of Commerce and Banking in Tennessee." MISSISSIPPI VALLEY HISTORICAL REVIEW, XIV (December, 1927), 311-25. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

ABIQUIU CLEARING HOUSE, Draft proposal. 2pp, of the 90's, probably by T. Greco, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.707.

ABOUCHAR, ROBERT J. & MAGNIS, NICHOLAS E., Bank Credit Cards - Implications for the Future." BANKERS MONTHLY (London), Jan. 15, 1967. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

ABRAMOVITZ, MOSES, The Allocation of Economic Resources. ed., Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1959. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

ABRAMOWSKY, E., Die sozialen Ideen der Genossenschaftsbewegung. Basel 1924. - Gisin (1955)

ABROMEIT, TRISTAN, Die Selbst-Hilfe-Bank. a 4pp pamphlet, n.d., in German only, in PP 814.

ACHESON, KEITH, & CHANT, JOHN F., Bureaucratic Theory and the Choice of Central Bank Goals." 1973. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 5 (May). 637-655. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

ACKERMANN, E., Freigeld und Wirklichkeit. Basel 1933. - Gisin (1955)

ACKERMANN, WERNER, Die Cosmopolitische Union. 1930, 2 S., 29x, in PP 428ff, & 617, 36x, in PP 736,; The Cosmopolitan Union, Declaration of Principles; Declaration des Principles de L'Union Cosmopolitan, 29x, in S.244, in PP 428ff. The Cosmopolitan Union, described only on only one page, but it is a very important one. In German and French on www.butterbach.net and in English and Italian on www.panarchy.org This is probably still the shortest panarchistic platform and provides interesting details on the practicability of panarchies that are exterritorially autonomous social units and have only voluntary members.  These Cosmopolitans would also be free to have their own note-issuing and financial institutions. - J.Z.

ACKLEY, GARDNER, Roles and Limits of Incomes Policy." ORIENTAL ECONOMIST, Vol. 42, April 1974, pp. 18-24. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

ACKWORTH, A. W., Financial Reconstruction in England, 1815-1822. London. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

ACRES, W. MARSTON, The Bank of England from Within, 1694-1900. (1931), two volumes. - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

ACTON, H. B., The Illusion of the Epoch. Marxism-Leninism as a Philosophical Creed. Cohen & West Ltd., London 1955. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - Does it deserve the term “philosophical creed”? - J.Z.

ACTON, Lord, Essays on Freedom and Power. Cleveland, Ohio, The World Publishing Co., 1972, by arrangement with The Macmillan Co. - Leslie Snyder, Justice or Revolution.

ADAMS, BROOKS, The New Empire; the importance of trade routes. Macmillan Co., 1902. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933.

ADAMS, Captain W., Real Wealth and Financial Poverty. Cecil Palmer, London, 1925. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934.

ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, Further Reflections upon the State of the Currency in the United States. Boston, 1837. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, Principles of Credit. HUNT'S MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE (March, 1840), ii, 185-210. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, Reflections upon the Present State of the Currency in the United States. Boston, 1837. (Anonymous review in NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW, April, 1838, vol. xlvi.) - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, The State of the Currency. HUNT'S MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE (July, 1839), i, 44-50. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, Theory of Money and Banks. HUNT'S MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE (August, 1839), i, 110-124. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ADAMS, EDGAR H., Adams' Official Premium List of United States Private and Territorial Gold Coins. New York: Willett Press, 1909. - Sanford J DURST, NUMISNATIC PUBLICATIONS, N.Y., 1981.- Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

ADAMS, EDGAR H., Higley Coppers 'Granby Coinage’. THE NUMISMATIST, August 1908. - Brian Summers

ADAMS, EDGAR H., Private Gold Coinage of California 1849-1855, It's History and Issues. Brooklyn, New York, privately published by the author, 1912, 1913. This is considered the finest work on California gold coins, but it contains a multitude of errors. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns. - Selgin.

ADAMS, EDGAR H., The Coinage of Templeton Reid of Georgia and California. THE COIN COLLECTOR'S JOURNAL 1 (June, 1934). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

ADAMS, EDGAR H., United States Store Cards, A List of Merchants’ Advertising Checks, Restaurant Checks, and Kindred Pieces Issued from 1789 up to Recent Years, Including Many of the Tokens Which Passed as Money and Known as Hard Times Tokens. Sanford J. Durst, Numismatic Publications, New York, New York, 1981, a reprint of the original 1920 edition, 75pages, with a list of similar publications of this publisher. - JZL.

ADAMS, EDGAR M., Private Gold Coinage of California. 1913. New York: Privately printed. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

ADAMS, EDGAR P., Cincinnati, Mining & Trading Company and Other Private Gold Pieces. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NUMISMATICS 42 (1908). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

ADAMS, EDGAR P., New Light on California Coinage. NUMISMATIST 22 (May, 1909). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

ADAMS, HENRY C., Public Debts; an Essay in the Science of Finance. New York, 1887. - White, Horace, (1895ff.)

ADAMS, HENRY C., The Science of Finance. New York, 1898. - White, Horace, (1895ff.)

ADAMS, HENRY, American Historical Association, Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1902. ed., vol.2 (1903). - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

ADAMS, HENRY, History of the United States. 9 vols. N. Y., 1889-1891. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

ADAMS, HENRY, John Randolph. American Statesmen series. Boston, 1896. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

ADAMS, HENRY, Life of Albert Gallatin. Philadelphia, 1879. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

ADAMS, HENRY, Writings of Albert Gallatin. ed. Philadelphia: 1879. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

ADAMS, JAMES TRUSLOW, New England in the Republic, 1776-1850. Boston, 1926. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

ADAMS, JOHN QUINCY, Memoirs of John Quincy Adams, Comprising Parts of His Diary from 1795 to 1848. Edited by Charles Francis Adams. 12 vols. Philadelphia, 1875-7. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

ADAMS; HERBERT; LEVY; MORLEY; CHODOROV; ROTHBARD, Voluntary Taxation or Taxation and Anarchism. 24x, in PEACE PLANS 336. (Compare my 46pp article in PEACE PLANS 14 and my article on tax strike in PEACE PLANS 13. - J.Z.)

ADDRESSES OF MONETARY FREEDOM SCHOLARS, Addresses from Cato Institute, 7th. annual monetary conference : Alternatives to Government Fiat Money. Feb. 89, 5pp, 29x, in PP 905. (The very incomplete and outdated listing in PP 659 has still to be updated by me. Any help in this is welcome. - J.Z.)

ADIE, D. K., English Bank Deposits before 1844. ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, 2nd series, XXIII (1970) - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

ADLER, SIMON L., Money and Money Units in the American Colonies. Rochester Historical Society, Publications, 8 (1929): 143-73. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

ADVERTISING AGE, Furness Asks for Curb on Unsought Bank Credit Cards. Nov. 13, 1967, p.1. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

AFTALION, A., L'or et sa distribution mondiale. Paris 1932. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

AFTALION, A., Wert, Preis, Produktion, Geld und Kredit. Wien 1932. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

AGGER, EUGENE E., Banking in New Jersey. in New Jersey: A History, Vol. IV. Edited by Irving S. Kull. New York: The American Historical Society, Inc., 1930. - Rockoff (1975).

AGGER, EUGENE E., Organized Banking. 1918. New York: Henry Holt & Co. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

AHEARN, DANIEL S., Automatic Increases in the Money Supply: Some Problems. In Prager, Jonas, eds., Monetary Economics: Controversies in Theory and Policy. Part Eight: Rules Versus Discretion. New York: Random House, 1971: 352-355. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - If they are really automatic, i.e., market-regulated, by voluntarism and the free price mechanism for exchange media and accounts as well as value standards, then there is no problem. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

AHEARN, DANIEL S., Federal Reserve Policy Reappraised, 1951-1959. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - How many appraisals of central banking were made - without them arriving at correct conclusions on it? How could all of them manage to ignore their record of inflations, deflations and stagflations? - J.Z., 24.6.10.

AHLSEEN, MARK, Why Government Can’t Create Jobs. THE FREEMAN, Oct. 93, pp.389-390. - But it is good in destroying them or preventing them from coming into existence. It “creates” jobs for politicians and bureaucrats - at the expense of rightful and productive jobs. - How many productive jobs are made impossible by each politician and bureaucrat, in the average? I would like to see some accurate figures on that. The government figures on government-caused and maintained involuntary unemployment are not reliable. - J.Z., 14.6.10.

AHMAD, NIZAM, Denationalizing Money. 2pp, May 03, 1998, MOER newspaper articles, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.657. Also in PEACE PLANS 1629, p.38.

AHRENSDORF, JOACHIM, & KANESTHASAN, S., Variations in the Money Multiplier and their Implications for Central Banking." 1960. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND STAFF PAPERS 8 (November). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

AINSWORTH, WILLLIAM HARRISON, John Law. The Projector. 2nd. ed., London, Chapman & Hall, n.d., 410pp. - JZL.

AITCHISON, LESLIE, A History of Metals. 2 vols., Macdonald and Evans, London, 1960. - Timothy Green, The World of Gold Today.

AKERMAN, J., An Institutional Approach to the Problem of Inflation. in: Stabile Preise in wachsender Wirtschaft, Tübingen 1960. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

AKIBA, BEN, Der Schuldenzirkus, DIE WIRTSCHAFTSWENDE, Heft Nr. 15, 1.2.1932. In German, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, pp. 341-343, with notes by Dr. G. Ramin and U. von Beckerath, also in one of the publications of that time by Dr. Ramin. A good illustration and popularizing example of sound clearing, starting with the mutually indebted staff of a circus, where a forged 50 RM note served to settle mutual debts and returned to the one who used it. Sound accounting or balancing or clearing would have made both, the forged note and a sound banknote superfluous. The story is old and appeared in various versions already in old schoolbooks, probably under a title like “Der rollende Thaler.” (The Rolling Dollar.)

ALBERS, WILLI, Finanzpolitik in der Depression und in der Vollbeschaftigung. in „Währung und Wirtschaft“, 1876 -1975, Fritz Knapp, Frankfurt am Main, 1976, p. 355, 356. - Dr. Hans F. Sennholz, The Second German Inflation… (1933-1948) The United States - 1970 until?

ALBION, ROBERT G., The Rise of New York Port, 1815-60. New York, 1939. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

ALBUM, STEPHEN, Marsden's Numismata Orientalia Illustrata. New York: Attic Books, Ltd., 1977. (A guide to Islamic and Oriental coins with values -RGD) - DOTY (1978).

ALCALY, R., The Relevance of Marxist Crises Theory. 1975. In The Economic Crisis Reader, ed. D. Mermelstein. New York: Vintage Books, 132-8. - Frank Vorhies. - By now we rather need a book: The Irrelevance of the Marxist Crises Theory. Unless, of cause, we want to write a book on the mess that Marxist theories have made for over a century, many countries and most of their population. Marxist statism is, alas, all too much alive still and the few good remarks that he has left us, on monies without legal tender are swamped by his other utterances and proposals to promote his kind of statist communism. - J.Z., 12.6.10.

ALCHIAN, ARMEN A., & ALLEN, WILLIAM R., University Economics: Elements of Inquiry. 3rd.edition. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Co., Inc., 1972. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

ALCHIAN, ARMEN A., Information Costs, Pricing and Resource Unemployment." ECONOMIC INQUIRY 7 (June 1969): 109-128. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

ALCHIAN, ARMEN A., Why Money? JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 9 (Feb. 1977): 133-140. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

ALDOM, ROBERT S. et al, Automation in Banking. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1963. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - Sufficient judgment can hardly be automated. - J.Z., 4.4.10.

ALDRICH, NELSON W., An Address by Senator Nelson W. Aldrich Before the Economic Club of New York, November 29, 1909, on the Work of the National Monetary Commission. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1910. - NATIONAL MONETARY COMMISSION, Publications, 1910-12. - SMITH, VERA C.

ALDRICH, NELSON W., Interviews on the Banking and Currency Systems of England, Scotland, France, Germany, Switzerland and Italy. Publications of the National Monetary Commission. Washington, 1910. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

ALDRICH, WINTHROP W., The Causes of the Depression and Possible Remedies. Publication of the Chase National Bank. New York, 1933. - Groseclose, (1934).

ALDRIDGE, ALFRED OWEN, Benjamin Franklin: Philosopher and Man. New York: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1965. - Leslie Snyder, Justice or Revolution.

ALDRIDGE, ALFRED OWEN, Man Of Reason: The Life of Thomas Paine. New York: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1959. - Leslie Snyder, Justice or Revolution.

ALEXANDER, A. S. A., De, Political History of the State of New York. New York, 1906. - McGrane, The Panic of 1837. - The mixture of economics, and especially of the science of exchange media, value standards, clearing and financing with politics is not better than the mixture of politics with religion and the mixture of politics with philosophy. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

ALEXANDER, S. W., Save the Pound - Save the People. no date, 132 pp. Published by S. W. Alexander and distributed through the Free Trade League. He was formerly chairman of the London Liberal Party and Financial Editor of the DAILY EXPRESS, SUNDAY EXPRESS and EVENING STANDARD. Afterwards Proprietor and Editor of the CITY PRESS, etc. - JZL. - The governmental pound is not worth saving. We should be free to ignore it and provide privately or cooperatively or in partnership with others much better value standards than most governments are able or willing to supply. What the government tries to “save” is something that it deteriorates almost daily, an ever more depreciated pound, with ever lower purchasing power, nevertheless, with the same name for its “value standard”. Territorial governments, if the experience of the last 100 years is any guide, are the worst possible “guardians” for any value standard. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

ALHADEFF, D. A., Monopoly and Competition in Banking. Berkeley - Los Angeles 1954. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

ALIBER, ROBERT Z., Attributes of National Monies and the Interdependence of National Monetary Policies. In: Aliber, Robert Z., ed. National Monetary Policies and the International Financial System. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974: 111 -126. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

ALIBER, ROBERT Z., Inflation, the Balance of Payments, Domestic Credit Expansion and Exchange Rate Adjustments. (ed.), 1974. “… contains a series of papers on the international transmission of inflation.” - IEA. - Morgan, E. V. & A. D., Gold or Paper? - Inflation cannot be transmitted, like a broadcast. It requires separate actions by separate issuers and they have to have monopoly and legal tender power, granted by their legislators. - J.Z., 14.4.10.

ALINGEN, HERMANO ULRICO (LUBECICENSI), De Origine et Inventoribus Pecuniae et Numismatum. Jense, 1715. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

ALISON, ALEXANDER, Banking and Currency Reform. 1865. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. (Alexander Alison or Sir Archibald Allison? - J.Z.)

ALISON, ARCHIBALD, Banking and Currency Reform. 1865. (Carnaghan) (Sir Archibald Allison? - J.Z.)

ALISON, Sir ARCHIBALD, A History of Europe. 1849. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - All too many historians ignore the role that the monetary system plays in history. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

ALISON, Sir ARCHIBALD, England in 1815 and 1845; or a Sufficient and a Contracted currency.  London, 1845. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

ALLARD, ALPHONSE, La Crise Agricole et Monétaire. Brussels and Paris, 1895.

ALLEN, FRANKLIN & GALE, DOUGLAS, Competition and Financial Stability. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING, Vol. 36, No. 3 (2004), 453-480. - Piepenbrink

ALLEN, G. THURMAN, Papers. Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, Ohio. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts. (Or Thurman, Allen G.? - J.Z.)

ALLEN, GARY, None Dare Call It Conspiracy. Seal Beach, California: Concord Press, 1972. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold. - The counter-conspiracy, to introduce full monetary freedom, needs maximum publicity to spread its enlightening ideas and insights, rather than secrecy. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

ALLEN, GINA, Gold! New York, Thomas Y. Crowell Co., 1964. - Leslie Snyder.

ALLEN, P. R., Organization and Administration of a Monetary Union. Princeton: PRINCETON STUDIES IN INTERNATIONAL FINANCE, No. 38, 1976. - Pascal Salin, European Monetary Unity: For Whose Benefit? 1980. - The unification spleen should never be over-extended into the sphere of exchange media, value standards, clearing, banking and finance. There we need as many different systems and practices as the traffic will bear and demands. - If they want to, let the unifiers practise their spleen on things were it would matter least: tooth brushes, tennis rackets, clothing, jewelry etc. And if they are satisfied with one book or a uniform library, let them have it but do not force them upon any dissenter. We do not suffer under the fact that there are over 200 different kinds of government monies but under the fact that all of them are government monies. - Under all forms of central banking we stand, like George Herwegh said, like “one anvil under one hammer.” - J.Z., 24.6.10.

ALLEN, W. A., Discussants' Comments.' (1989) on chapter 11 of the present volume, in F. Capie and G. E. Wood (eds.) Unregulated Banking: Chaos or Order? London: Macmillan, 1991. - Dowd

ALLEN, WILLIAM, Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

ALLENBAUGH, CARL, California's Pioneer Gold Minters. COINAGE 9 (June, 1973). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

ALLIANCE FOR INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, Individual Rights drafts, in PEACE PLANS 589/590. - (All of this collection of private human rights drafts has been supplemented and digitized in the meantime, coming to over 130 drafts of this kind. Naturally, only a few of them include monetary freedom ideas. - J.Z., 11.2.10. - So far, alas, this collection is not yet separately online. But it is among the files of the 2 CD’s that Christian Butterbach put online at www.butterbach.net. - J.Z.)

ALLISON, THEODORE E., Euro Banknotes vs. Fed. Reserve Notes. Battle of the Fiat Currencies. 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.692. - From: THE LAISSEZ FAIRE CITY TIMES, Nov. 23, 98. - Under free exchange rates (externally and internally) i.e., under full monetary freedom, there would be no "battle". Both would be largely refused or discounted and replaced by better currencies. - J.Z.

AL-MAKBIZI, Historia Monetae Arabicae. Translated from the Arabic by Prof. Tychsen. Rostock, 1797. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

ALSTON, LEONARD, The Functions of Money. London, 1932. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

ALTERNATIVE GELDMODELLE, Beitrag u.a. von Th. Estermann: Geldtheoretische Überlegungen zum Talent-Experiment. Herbst 1993. DM 8,70. - Broschüren im Vertrieb des INWO D. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de  (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

ALTERNATIVE MONEY SYSTEMS: A website mentioning 32 websites when I downloaded it. I did not include all its titles separately in this listing. Somewhere I do have to draw the line in trying to mention all such titles, my time and energy being limited, but I attempted to reproduce that page here: Alas, the links are not working in my copy! - It was compiled by the NCN Money Tam, Majordomo@wicevis4all.nl - The NCN main page is: www.newciv.org/newcivnet.html - J.Z., 25.2.10. - - Alternative Money Systems - This NCN Alternative Money System team was created to collect information on what schemes already exist, to discuss the prospects of doing away with money systems and using a resource-based system instead, and ways of financing new civilization projects, implementing experimental schemes, and more. Articles on Alternative Money Systems: Monetary System for the New Millenium - by Roger Langrick. (For active links do visit their site! - J.Z.) - - Scarcity Money  - - Abundance Economics - - Proactive Money - - Free Resources - - Economy - how the money system works. - - Profit Reframed - - Notes on a new economic system - by Steve Moyer. - - Global Resource Bank - proposal to U.N. conference. - - The Econony of Ideas by John Perry Barlow, on intellectual property. - - David Chaum from DigiCash to House of Representatives on electronic cash. - - David Chaum on digital money at Doors of Perception conference. - - Economists must learn to subtract by Kono Matsu. Ecological Economics. - - The New Economics by Kono Matsu. - - Buddhist Economics by E.F.Schumacher. - - - Other Sites with Alternative Money System Information: Private Enterprise Money - by E.C.Riegel  - Global Village Bank - the bank for the virtual community. - - Build Freedom - Freedom Business Networking. - - The Spiritual Economy - by Steve Moyer. - - LETS Systems Home Page - local money systems. - - Debt Money - an ancient meme - - DigiCash - electronic money over the Internet Free client software. - - Ithaca Hours local currencies, by Paul Glover. - - Bringing the Economy Home - book on bartering. - - Game Theory - economics of bartering. - - Money Resources - (20+) Roy Davies - - Wirtschaftsring - Swiss business circles. - - New Money for Healthy Communities - book by Thomas Greco. Full text. - - Interskills - a university of future skills - Keith Hudson. - - Grail Dollars - Derek Brownlee - - New monetary system for the Electrosphere - Lloyd Gillespie - - Digital Millicent system - - Meetings of the NCN Money Team take place on a mailing list. To join it, send a message to: Majordomo@wice.xs4all.nl with the message: subscribe money and to get off the list again, send this message: unsubscribe money. - - - Other Mailing Lists: 1) LETS (Local Employment and Trading System) - To subscribe, send mail to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk  with the message 'subscribe econ-lets (your name)' - - 2.) LOCAL CURRENCY (Complementary currencies, mutual credit, and other exchange options) 3.) SPIRITUAL ECONOMY - Steve Moyer - To subscribe send message to: MAILSERV@PIMACC.PIMA.EDU with the message 'subscribe currency'. Online subscription form  -  Back to the NCN main page

ALTMAN, S. P., Review Article of Georg Simmel's "Die Philosophie Des Geldes." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 1903. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

ALTMANN, S. P., ASHLEY, W. J., BALLOD, C. et al, Die Entwicklung der deutschen Volkswirtschaftslehre im neunzehnten Jahrhundert. Gustav Schmoller zur siebenzigsten Wiederkehr seines Geburtstages, 24. Juni 1908, in Verehrung dargebracht von S. P. Altmann, W. J. Ashley, C. Ballod, et al. Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1908. - SMITH, VERA C.

ALTMANN, S. P., Zur deutschen Geldlehre des 19. Jahrhunderts. [On Nineteenth Century German Monetary Theory]in: Die Entwicklung der deutschen Volkwirtschaftslehre im 19. Jahrhundert, Leipzig, Duncker and Humblot 1908.. - Knapp. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

ALVORD, CLARENCE, The Illinois Country, 1673-1818. Springfield, Ill., 1920 and Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1965, pp.106-108. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

AMBLER, C. H., Sectionalism in Virginia from 1776 to 1861. Chicago, 1910. - McGrane, The Panic of 1837.

AMERICAN ANTI-SOCIALIST, THE, Feb. 1912ff, with 16pp contribution by Meulen, articles by Donisthorpe et al. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection, bound together with other pamphlets.) - See also under Meulen, etc.

AMERICAN APPRAISERS GUILD, 2pp. leaflet on gemstone investments, 29x, in PP 867.

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PERSONAL FINANCE COMPANIES, Personal Finance, Year Book, 1933, General Subject: Personal Finance and National Recovery, 136 S. Washington, D.C. - JZL.

AMERICAN BANKER, "A.B.A. Will Issue Route Numbers to Bank Card Units." June 28, 1967, p. 1. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

AMERICAN BANKER, Association for the National Interchange of Bank Credit Cards Under Discussion. Aug. 18, 1966. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

AMERICAN BANKERS' ASSOCIATION, BANK MANAGEMENT COMMISSION, Commercial Bank Management. City Clearinghouse Associations, New York, undated. - Charles A. Hales, The Baltimore Clearing House. - Are all these bankers fully aware that they are only permitted to deal in monopoly monies of governments or their central banks? Do they think that note-issuing banks are not really or cannot be commercial banks? How many of the bankers alive and working are aware of the free banking options? I only ever heard of one banker who wrote a book in favor of free banking. Most are statists and monopolists at heart and have no better ideas in their heads. By all means, point out some exceptions to me. - The present bankers will not lead us to free banking and financial freedom! - Free banks would put them out of business - if they merely went on doing what they are doing now - but subject to free competition with them. - J.Z., 26.4.10.

AMERICAN BANKERS ASSOCIATION, Credit Card and Revolving Credit Survey. New York, Installment Credit Committee, American Bankers Association, 1967. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

AMERICAN BANKERS ASSOCIATION, The Commercial Banking Industry. A Monograph Prepared for the Commission on Money and Credit. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1962. - Klebaner

AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, An American Standard of Value. June, 1919. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934. - A standard of value should have nothing to do with nationalism, no more so than e.g. the Kilowatt Hour, the Meter, the Liter, etc. - The national value standards are among the worst products of territorial nationalism. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, The Stabilization of Gold: A Plan. June, 1923; pp. 283-85. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934. - I find it ridiculous when so many people try to stabilize the value of Gold when, in reality, it is mostly the paper money of governments that fluctuate in their values against gold. - J.Z., 13.4.10. - On the other hand, the bad manipulations of the governmental monopoly monies drive the gold prices, expressed in them, up and down, unpredictably, because people often flee from inflated government currencies into gold ownership. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE, A New Look at Inflation: Economic Policy in the Early 1970s. American Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C., 1973. Presents the diverse opinions of distinguished scholars on developments in the American economy since the institution of direct wage and price controls in August 1971. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Most of the “policies” of government, then, before and now, were, rather, anti-economic. How many wanted and needed rightful things, actions, methods, institutions, among tens of thousands of government activities or interventions, are really rationally and economically undertaken? They still haven’t even achieved that for postal services - after centuries. Their taxation policies are all a wrongful, harmful and bad joke upon us, at our risk and expense. Their central banks are the worst kind of banks, wrongful, irrational and harmful. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE, Essays on Indexation and Inflation. American Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C., 1974. (Authors such as William Fellner and Milton Friedman examine possible answers to the problem of inflation, rather than the traditional, but ineffective, wage-stop policies.). - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE, The Phenomenon of Worldwide Inflation. AEI, Washington, D.C., 1975. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - That “phenomenon” is not a natural and economic one. It needs the support of despotic, monopolistic, coercive and collectivistic legislation and would very rapidly collapse without it. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

AMERICAN INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH, ECONOMIC RESEARCH ECONOMIC EDUCATION BULLETIN, Volume XII, Number 12, Paper Gold. Edited by Ernest Welker. Massachusetts, December, 1972. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold. - Paper money as good as gold is economically possible - but outlawed! - J.Z., 24.6.10.

AMERICAN INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH, Is There an Upper Limit to the Price of Gold? December, 1973. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold. - Measured in what? In governmental forced and exclusive currency? There its printing costs are one of the limits. Another one is the sheer weight of the quantity of depreciated notes needed to pay for e.g. a loaf of bread. If that quantity requires a wheelbarrow for its transport to the baker for a loaf of bread, then the baker will be in the trucking business for his supplies! Finally, governmental paper money trash will be more useful as fuel than as a medium of exchange. Ultimately even its legal tender power can no longer be enforced. It will be refused even by bureaucrats, policemen and soldiers, as too useless. Has ever any official involved with over-issues of governmental paper money been shot or hanged? How many unwarranted deaths did they thus cause, directly or indirectly? Not to speak of the poverty and misery they caused? - J.Z., 23.6.10.

AMERICAN INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH, The "New" International Monetary System. Part IV IMF Agreements. Massachusetts, February 2, 1976. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold.

AMERICAN INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH, The Failure of Price Controls. American Institute for Economic Research, RESEARCH REPORT, December 3, 1974. -An examination of the most recent attempt at price controls which concludes that the controls failed to halt increases in prices. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

AMERICAN INSTITUTION FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH, What Will Deflation or More Inflation Mean to You? Published by the Institute by 1960. The Investment, and Insurance Sections of the Institute was then under the direction of E. C. Harwood.

AMERICAN MONETARY INSTITUTE, Website: www.monetary.org/index.html. - Director: Stephen Zarlenga, mailto:ami@taconic.net - As the following copy attempt, without active URL links show, monetary reformers are not necessarily, if at all, for full monetary freedom! - J.Z., 25.2.10: AMERICAN MONETARY INSTITUTE: A foundation dedicated to the study of monetary history, theory and reform. Stephen Zarlenga director. - CONCEPTS AND LINKS TO INTERESTING MONETARY AND ECONOMIC SITES - AMI presents these links which help to focus on problems of monetary and economic justice; and honestly discuss possible solutions without repeating the stale bromides that have helped strand us at the present monetary impasse (see our Budget Stampede essay). Through such open discussions and later, rough and tumble debates, the wheat will be separated from any chaff, and the road(s) to monetary and economic reform will become ever more clear. - MONETARY HISTORY & THEORY - Bishop George Berkeley's 1735 QUERIST - Berkeley's book demonstrates that far better monetary awareness than Adam Smith exhibited, was to be found in the British Isles at least a generation before Smith wrote The Wealth of Nations. - Benjamin Franklin's 1729 MODEST INQUIRY INTO THE NATURE AND NECESSITY OF A PAPER CURRENCY - An expert eyewitness account of the American colonist's positive experience with paper money. - - Frederich [Friedrich] List's NATIONAL SYSTEM OF POLITICAL ECONOMY(German edition 1840's, English 1885) - One of several key works which more than adequately indicted Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations as largely politically motivated and promoted; and very misleading. Among other things List observed that the concept of a role for the nation is glaringly absent from Smith's book, despite its title. However, List did not see through Smith's metallist monetary errors. (Friedrich List! - The errors of List on Free Trade do far exceed those of Adam Smith. But at least List was for a German “Zollunion”. What spleens he maintained on money I do not know. - J.Z.) - Roy Davies monetary links - An excellent wide ranging source on monetary thought. - - - ECONOMIC JUSTICE - The Earth Rights Institute website of United Nations NGO Representative Alanna Hartzok, contains much valuable information and current initiatives for achieving economic justice. - - - The William Vickrey Nobel Memorial Home Page - Includes moving testimonials to Vickrey; a full reproduction of his 1993 paper "WE NEED A BIGGER DEFICIT"; Vickrey's list of ruling economic fallacies; and thoughtful analyses of his lifelong drive for economic justice. (I don’t need a bigger deficit: neither a personal nor a governmental one. Greenbackers and inflationists or Social Credit people are still with us! - J.Z., 25.2.10.) - - - The Center for Study of Responsive Law a Ralph Nader group. Some excellent essays on ending corporate welfare, and balanced budget hypocrisy. The Georgist Education Association Inc A good site focusing on the ideas of the Henry George school for the single land tax. - (On some of their favorite subjects they are, mostly, rather miseducation societies! - J.Z., 25.2.02.) - - - GROUPS DISCUSSING MONETARY STUDY AND REFORM - - - The Sovereignty Program Ken Bohnsack's movement to reduce construction interest costs for all public bodies; from School Boards and Villages, to Counties and States. - - - Leslie Brock Center For the Study Of Colonial Currency - In the 1970s Brock cleared up many misconceptions about colonial money which had been miscast as mere inflationary paper. This was 70 years after Alexander Del Mar had also showed how crucial these paper currencies were to building our nation. Both have been ignored by the "economists." - - - Economics Online, by Kristin Kucsma - - Institute for Economic Democracy - J.W. Smith's Site featuring Georgist ideas and Economic Justice - - - http://www.innotrans.net/Arno Mong Daastoel's Norwegian Economics Page - Watch this site for interesting developments from a very smart (and moral!) Norwegian economist. - - - My Book in German: Der Mythos vom Geld - die Geschichte der Macht! - - - PROSPERITY - A Scottish Monetary Reform Group - - - http://www.prosperityuk.com/prosperity/articles/faq.htmlTransaction Net - A monetary and economic site - - - Truth In Money  Ted and Margaret Thoren's excellent web site link temporarily broken. - - - EDIRC: Economics Departments, Institutes and Research Centers in the World - - link temporarily broken. - - - OUR NEIGHBORHOOD IN UPSTATE NEW YORK : Chatham 4 Corners Local News from AMI's Neighborhood. - - - Time out folks: ADAM SMITH FREE TRADE ZONE Abandon all hope - Ye who enter here!  - => Return to A M I main page - - - Alas, on this subject - and so many others, usually more errors than truths are offered. I certainly can fight all of the errors on my own and effectively fight for all of the truths in this sphere. How many people would it need to do so? - I can’t even get rid of this format! - What can you do with people, who do not even accept those truths, which Adam Smith had to offer? - J.Z., 25.2.10. - - - AMERICAN MONETARY INSTITUTE: A foundation dedicated to the study of monetary history, monetary theory and monetary reform.mailto:ami@taconic.net Stephen Zarlenga director. - This web site was established in December 1996. - - - Introducing Monetary Thought to Students of All Ages: http://www.monetary.org/lostscienceofmoney.htm The Lost Science of Money book is publishedhttp://www.monetary.org/briefusmonetaryhistory.htm - - A Brief Monetary History Of The United States - - Introduction To The Institute - - Currently Featured Essays: - - Petro-Euros vs Petro-Dollars: The Real Cause of War in Iraq? (posted 8/6/03) - - Henry George's Concept of Money (recent speech by S. Zarlenga, 8/22/2002 - - Greenspan's Dilemma (3/31/2000) - - Gold Newsletter Interview with S. Zarlenga (posted 8/15/2000) - - Available Papers:The Origins of Money Systems - - Rome's Bronze Money-Better than Gold - - Money and the Decline of Rome - - Money and the Constitutional Convention - - A Refutation of Menger's Theory of the Origin of Money - - The European Central Bank and Monetary Union - - AMI "Deflation" Or "Money Drought" Study - - History of Money In America audio tape series - - Previous Essays and On-Line Book Reviews: A Brief History of Interest - - IMF Bailout? No! IMF Buyout? Maybe. - - by AMI Staff - - Balanced Budget Amendment Stampede - Beware the Thundering Hooves by Stephen Zarlenga - - "Its a Wonderful Life" by S.Zarlenga - - AMI's Media Awards for Advancing Monetary Awareness - - Charlie Rose Show; January 2,000 - - Rene Balcer's "Refuge" episode of Law And Order; May 1999. - - Bill Maher's "Onlybank"; May 1998. - - Hugh Downs' Odder than Oz ; April 1998. - - Robert de Fremery Lifetime Achievement Award - - 1996 Nobel Prize Winner William Vickrey's Final Warning - - "Rights vs Privileges by Robert De Fremery - - "Budget Smudget" by William Vickrey - - To make a Donation to the American Monetary Institute - - Links to other sites on monetary history, monetary theory and monetary reform - - Order papers from AMI, PO Box 601, Valatie, NY 12184. - - To be automatically notified when any new pages are added to this site, simply email the word "update" to us. Also, if you have comments or questions about the materials on this site or about AMI then: Please click here to send email to AMI - ami@taconic.net - -Sorry, but my insertion of this site destroyed the functionality of some of its links. - I rather leave it to this institute to turn its offers into a bibliographical listing, since I doubt that it is really committed to full monetary freedom, rather than some more monetary spleens. - Please, correct me, if I am wrong. - J.Z., 11.5.10.

AMERICAN NUMISMATIC ASSOCIATION, Selections from the Numismatist. "Modern Foreign Currency," 1961. - Schilke & Solomon, America’s Foreign Coins … with Legal Tender Status in the US 1793-1857.

AMERICAN STATE PAPERS, Finance. vols. i-v. Washington, 1832. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

AMMON, ALFRED, Robert Liefmanns "Neue Geldtheorie."[Robert Liefmann's "New Monetary Theory"]. 1917/1918. ARCHIV FÜR SOZIALWISSENSCHAFT UND SOZIALPOLITIK. 44, 844-853. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

AMMON, ALFRED, Objekt und Grundbegriffe der Theoretischen Nationalökonomie [Object and Fundamental Concepts of Theoretical National Economy.]. 1927. Leipzig and Vienna: Franz Deuticke. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

AMONN, Prof. Dr. A., Das Geld im Wandel der Zeiten. pp. 403-439, in ATLANTIS, Heft 9, September 1959, Freiburg i.B. - JZL.

AMONN, Prof. Dr. A., Die Quantitätstheorie in der älteren, neueren und neuesten Literatur. SCHWEIZ. ZEITSCHR. FÜR VOLKSWIRTSCHAFT UND STATISTIK, 89. Jahrg., Nr. 6, Dezember 1953. - Gisin (1955)

AMONN, Prof. Dr. A., Volkswirtschaftliche Grundbegriffe und Grundprobleme. 2. Aufl., Bern 1944. - Gisin (1955)

AMONN, Prof. Dr. A., Wirtschaftspolitik auf Irrwegen. Frankfurt 1958. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

AMSEL, Dr. HANS GEORG, Geld und Kriminalität. Ein Beitrag zum institutionellen Denken. Hünenburg-Verlag, Burg Stettenfels by Heilbronn/N., undatiert. In der Literaturliste ist ein Text von 1963 erwähnt. - JZL.

ANARCHIST, THE, ed. by H. Seymour, 3/1885. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

ANDEREGG, E., Mittelstandsbewegung. in Handbuch der Schweizerischen Volkswirtschaft, Bd.II, S.180 ff., Bern 1939. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

ANDERLINI, L., Central Banks and Moral Hazard. (1986b) ECONOMIC THEORY DISCUSSION PAPER 103, Cambridge: Department of Applied Economics, University of Cambridge. - Dowd - Central banks are an immoral hazard for rightful exchanges. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

ANDERLINI, L., Competitive banking in a simple model. (1986c) chapter 6 of J. Edwards et al. (eds), Recent Advances in Corporate Finance, Investment and Taxation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. - Dowd - Since full monetary and financial freedom is involved there is no single and simple model for all of its issues or clearing transactions but a multiplicity of them, just like for any other business or enterprise. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERLINI, L., Correctly Anticipated Bank Runs. (1986a) ECONOMIC THEORY DISCUSSION PAPER 95, Cambridge: Department of Applied Economics, University of Cambridge. - Dowd - Bank runs should not be correctly anticipated but, rather, prevented, by a sound issue and reflux technique. There is no way to avoid them under rare metal redemptionism and during currency famines, due to monetary despotism. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERLINI, L., Theoretical Modeling of Banks and Bank Runs. (1986d) mimeo, Cambridge: Department of Applied Economics, University of Cambridge. - Dowd

ANDERSEN, LEONALL C, & BURGER, ALBERT E., Asset Management and Commercial Bank Portfolio Behavior: Theory and Practice." JOURNAL OF FINANCE 24 (May 1969): 207 -222. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

ANDERSEN, THEODORE A., Century of Banking in Wisconsin. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1954. - Klebaner

ANDERSON, B. A., Economics and the Public Welfare. D. Van Nostrand and Company, Inc., Princeton, N.J., 1949. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse. 1980. - The public’s welfare is best promoted by full freedom in economics. Public Welfare, or the Welfare State, is always uneconomic and anti-economic. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, B. L. & COTTRELL, P. L., Money and Banking in England 1974. - Joe Cribb (1986).

ANDERSON, B. L., see entry under COTTRELL.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN M. Jr., An Analysis of the Money Market. Vol. VIII, No. 1 (June 4, 1928). - Groseclose, (1934).

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN M. Jr., Bank Expansion Versus Savings. Vol. VIII, No.2 (June 25, 1928). - Groseclose, (1934).

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN M., Jr., Economics and the Public Welfare. New York: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1949. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN M., Jr., Effects of the War on Money, Credit and Banking in France and the United States. - Effects of the War on Money, Credit and Banking in France and the United States, www.questia.com Recent Book Additions, copied: 11.1.04.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN M. Jr., Some Major Forces in the International Money Market. THE CHASE ECONOMIC BULLETIN, Vol. VII, No. 4 (October 29, 1927). - Groseclose, (1934).

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN M. Jr., The "Free Gold" of the Federal Reserve System and the Cheap Money Policy. Ibid., Vol. X, No. 3 (September 29, 1930). - Groseclose, (1934).

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN M. Jr., The Gold Standard Versus "A Managed Currency". - CMRE Monographs No.36.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN M., Jr., The Value of Money. New York Macmillan, 1917, 1926. - Cowen & Kroszner. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN, Cheap Money, Gold, and the Federal Reserve Bank Policy. - "Cheap Money, Gold, and the Federal Reserve Bank Policy" - Chase Economic Bulletin, Vol. IV, No. 3, August 4, 1924. - Related: Money/Banking, Econ. History - Online at the Mises Institute. - It is not “cheap money” when it is legal tender and depreciated money imposed upon a whole economy. A paper money not redeemable in Gold but reckoning in gold weight values, can be cheap to produce and sound to use but is not “cheap money” in the sense here attacked. Such misconceptions should not be used as if they were sound definitions rather than misleading terms. - J.Z., 22.2.10.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN, Economics and the Public Welfare: Financial and Economic History of the United States, 1914-1946. New York, Van Nostrand, 1949. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN, International Currency: Gold vs. Bancor or Unitas. - "International Currency: Gold vs. Bancor or Unitas" - Delivered before the Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York, New York City, February 3, 1944. Related: Money/Banking - Online at the Mises Institute.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN, Money. 1917. New York: MacMillan Press. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN, The Great Depression. New York, Macmillan, 1934. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

ANDERSON, BENJAMIN, The Value of Money. - The Value of Money - New York: MacMillan Company, 1917. Related: Money/Banking, Books Online Books - Online at the Mises Institute. - The value of government money at the end of a vast inflation of it, is, finally, zero. - Well, some note collectors still give such notes some value as collector’s items. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, BILL, Real Purchasing Power. THE FREEMAN, Jan. 87, pp. 8-11.

ANDERSON, CARLOTTA, Jo Labadie, Detroit's Gentle Anarchist. MICHIGAN HISTORY, July/Aug. 86, 8pp, in PEACE PLANS 804. - I haven’t seen any good writings by Jo Labadie on money, although he was a long-term contributor to Tucker’s LIBERTY. I believe that his son, Laurance, was much better on this subject. - J.Z., 23.2.10.

ANDERSON, CLAY J., A Half-Century of Federal Reserve Policymaking, 1914-1964. Philadelphia: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, 1965. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - A courtier or a sound and free critic? - J.Z.

ANDERSON, CLAY J., The Quest for Stability. Dr. THE BUSINESS REVIEW, February-May 1950. Reprinted by Department of Public Information, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - It seems to me that the central banks of governments were much more successful in their quest to achieve the instability of the currencies that were wrongfully entrusted to them. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, GARY M.; SHUGHART II, WILLIAM F. & TOLLISON, ROBERT D., A Public Choice Theory of the Great Contraction. PUBLIC CHOICE 59 (October 1988): 3-23. - Richard E. Wagner, Politics, Central Banking, and Economic Order. - It required the prior and legally imposed contraction of privately or cooperatively issued currencies! Without it, the contraction of government currencies would have been unable to do any harm, except to the government itself, if it had still insisted that taxes to it should be paid in government money, i.e. in a money which it insisted to be paid in. In that case, under full monetary and financial freedom, such a government would, probably, be fast overthrown. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, HATTIE M., Frontier Economic Problems in Missouri, 1815-1828. MISSOURI HISTORICAL REVIEW (October, 1939), XXXIV, 38-70. - Remini. - Most likely it was not so much the frontier that caused economic problems but monetary despotism that was extended even to the frontier areas and suppressed monetary and financial self-help steps there. - Man traded successfully half-way around the world long before there were good roads, trucks, steamers and planes and almost instantaneous communication options. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, History of Commerce. London, 1790. 6 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - Commerce under monetary and financial despotism should be distinguished from commerce under monetary and financial freedom. Antisemitism was greatly promoted because Jews were only free to deal in monopoly money. Full monetary and financial freedom would greatly undermine this kind of prejudice. Competitively issued sound currencies would hunt for labor, goods and services, rather than labor, goods and services being forced to hunt for an exclusive currency. - If Jews were well enough informed on monetary and financial freedom, they would be among the foremost advocates for such rights and liberties. - In all too many cases and for all too long they did adapt too well to the wrongs and limitations imposed upon them. So did the “Arians” and other ethnic groups. - Ultimately, monetary despotism, not only racism, nationalism and religious intolerance, lead to mass murders. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, JAMES L., The Story of the Commercial Bank of Scotland Ltd. 1810-1910. Published in Edinburgh, 1910. - James Douglas

ANDERSON, JOHN, The Cost of Controls. RIPON FORUM, April 1, 1974. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Imposed “controls” do not really “control” anything very effectively. But they commit many wrongs and do much harm. The term is as misleading as is e.g. the “Welfare State’ and “Proctionism”, as well as “Protection” by the territorial State. Word-magic is involved. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, M. D., A Note on Elasticity of the Currency. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 16(1) (March). 1926. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - The currency itself does not have to be elastic, like banknotes are, e.g. when it is a gold- or silver-coin. But the volume of currency in any locality should be elastic, continuously and soundly adapted to the requirements of its volume of production and exchange - that does depend upon exchange media, preferably those with a sound value standard or, alternatively, a good enough and quite free clearing system with sound value standard reckoning. Free clearing does also have no inherent volume or elasticity limitations - except the volume of possible and desired exchanges. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, MARTIN, An Economic Bill of Rights. Hoover Institute, 1984. - Dr. James L. Green, Investments and Sound Money, in MM, undated. - 5 points, favors the Gold Standard, in PEACE PLANS 589/590.

ANDERSON, R. M., Prospects of Success for Government Price-fixing in the United States. ECONOMIC WORLD, January 5, 1918 (NS Vol. 15). - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - There and then, too, they were simply zero! - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, ROBERT G. The Assault on Capital. THE FREEMAN, 11/79, 8pp, in PEACE PLANS 1749/1750, p.297.

ANDERSON, ROBERT G., Gold is Legal, But … THE FREEMAN, FEE, Jan. 75, pp. 17-22, 5pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.4. All of THE FREEMAN is online now! - J.Z.

ANDERSON, ROBERT G., Root of all evil? The Freeman, 8/71, FEE.

ANDERSON, T. L., and HILL, P. J., An American experiment in anarcho-capitalism: the not so wild, wild West.' (1979) JOURNAL OF LIBERTARIAN STUDIES 3(1): 9-29. - Dowd

ANDERSON, WILLIAM L., Inflation as an Economic Drug. - Inflation as an Economic Drug - February 2003 The Free Market - Online at the Mises Institute. - A monopoly “drug” that is FORCED into circulation! In spite of the wrongs and harm that it does! - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, WILLIAM L., Not So Fast!: Liquidity Trap or Malinvested Resources? - Not So Fast!: Liquidity Trap or Malinvested Resources? by William L. Anderson - Many people claim today that the U.S. economy is in a “liquidity trap” and only government can spend us out of this mess. They’re wrong - FEE, in brief, received 3.6.10.

ANDERSON, WILLIAM L., Not So Fast!: Should Government Control Wall Street? From: FEE in brief, 28.4.10. Online at FEE. - Any government or society should only control the affairs of its own voluntary subjects or members. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, WILLIAM L., Not So Fast!: Under-consumption Is Not the Problem. FEE - in brief, 10.3.2010. http://fee.us1.list-manage.com/track/click?u=9ba24fb79e4b17e34c46a9afc&id=405e0373ac&e=5f98f3f8c3

ANDERSON, WILLIAM L., Say’s Law and the Austrian Theory of the Business Cycle. (PDF) - Vol. 12 Num. 2 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

ANDERSON, WILLIAM L., Say’s Law: Were (Are) the Critics Right? - 3/5/01 - Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute.

ANDERSON, WILLIAM L., The Fallacy of the Money Supply. - June 2003, The Free Market - Online at the Mises Institute. - THE FREE MARKET QUARTERLY, June 2003. - Online at the Mises Institute. - Without monetary freedom there is not free money supply. The fallacies that lead to the practice of wrongs and anti-economics are all those of monetary despotism, whose “money” is the “bad money” that drives out the “good monies”. Under monetary freedom the “good monies” are free to drive out the “bad monies”. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, WILLIAM L., What’s Wrong with the CPI? - August 2001 - The Free Market - Online at the Mises Institute. - That determined by politicians and bureaucrats is often more influenced by politics and its special interests than sound statistics. We would not have to refer to it if we lived under monetary freedom rather than under monetary despotism. Free people would adopt for their transactions sound enough value standards, to replace the presently imposed government “value standard”, usually inflated, slowly, fast or very rapidly. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDERSON, WILLIAM, Thoughts on the Currency. 1847 Anderson, Williams (?)- Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Most thoughts on currency were and are flawed or incomplete, stuck on traditional models or legally imposed ones. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDRADE, DAVID A., Money: a Study of the Currency Question, especially in its Relations to the Principles of Equity, Utility and Liberty. Melbourne, Australia, 1887. - I would love a copy of that. - By now I would rather scan it in than microfiche it. - J.Z., 7.2.10.

ANDREADES, A., History of the Bank of England, 1640 to 1903. Translated by Christabel Meredith. London: P. S. King, 1909. London, 1924, with preface by H. S. Foxwell.. - SMITH, VERA C.London, 1924. - Groseclose, (1934). Reprinted London: Frank Cass, 1966. - Dowd

ANDREADES, ANDREAS, M., Histoire de la Banque d'Angleterre. Paris 1904. - Obst.

ANDREAE, W., Geld und Geldschöpfung. Stuttgart - Wien 1953. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Money creation has been monopolized and, consequently, is very wrongly and badly run. - The producers and traders are excluded from this sphere while the greatest robbers are given a free hand for their “monetary policies”. - Unsound money is imposed. Sound money is outlawed. What can one expect under such conditions? - Let the good monies drive out all the bad monies. - Under monetary freedom this will inevitably happen. Because then both, free enterprise and consumer sovereignty will prevail in this sphere. Voluntarism and the pricing system will not be excluded from it. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDREW, A. PIATT, The Crux of the Currency Question. YALE REVIEW n.s. 2 (1913), p.608. - Klebaner (PIAT-ANDREW, A.? - J.Z.)

ANDREW, ADAM PIATT, Statistics for the United States 1867-1909. US National Monetary Commission, 61st. Congress, 2nd. Session, Senate doc. no. 570. 1910, Washington, GPO, Repr. N.Y. Garland Publishing, n.d.

ANDREW, ADAM PIATT, Substitutes for Cash in the Panic of 1907. 1908. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 22(3) (August). pp.497-516. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - Also in Sprague, 1977, (1910). - Schuler.

ANDREWS, Dr. ARTHUR, Australasian Tokens and Coins. 1921, 1982, indexed, 163pp, with many 61 additional plates attached. The Mitchell Library Foundation, Sanford J. Durst, N.Y. - JZL.

ANDREWS, STEPHEN PEARL, The Great American Crisis. THE CONTINENTAL MONTHLY, IV, 12 (December, 1863), 658-670; V (January, 1864), 87-89; (March, 1864), 300-317. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - It was a crisis based on monetary and financial despotism, not one based upon monetary and financial freedom. - Politicians and bureaucrats spoil almost anything under their control. They certainly spoiled exchange media, value standards and finance - all too much. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANDREWS, STEPHEN PEARL, The Labor Dollar. Boston 1881. First published in Tucker's RADICAL REVIEW, 1877. - The latter is microfilmed in PEACE PLANS Nos. 373-375. - Is the RADICAL REVIEW now also online, like Tucker’s LIBERTY? - J.Z., 11.5.10.)

ANDREWS, STEPHEN PEARL, The Science of Society. No. 1. The True Constitution of Government in the Sovereignty of the Individual as the Final Development of Protestantism, Democracy, and Socialism. New York, 1852. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - The Science of Society, N.Y., 1851. PEACE PLANS 222, also in "LIBERTY", Nos. 88ff. Verkürzte deutsche Ausgabe, herausgegeben von Wilhelm Russbueldt, 1904, in Peace Plans 359. Reprint 1970, M.& S Press, Weston Mass., is introduced by Charles Shively.

ANDREWS, STEPHEN PEARL, The Science of Society. No.2. Cost the Limit of Price: Scientific Measure of Honesty in Trade as One of the Fundamental Principles of the Solutions of the Social Problem. New York, 1852. - Boston, 1888. 165pp., James J. Martin, Men Against the State.

ANDREWS, STEPHEN PEARL, The Sovereignty of the Individual. Berkeley Heights, N.J., 1938. - Monetary freedom is at least implied in such writings. - J.Z., 11.2.10.

ANGAS, L. B., Investment. - G. D. H. Cole.

ANGEBOT & NACHFRAGE, erhältlich bei Michael Wuenstel, Gartenstr. 28, D-76770 Hatzenbuehl. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de  (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

ANGELL, JAMES W., The Behaviour of Money. New York, 1936. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy. - Only entities show behavior. Money cannot even move by itself, far less can it think or have emotions or a genuine personal character. It has features, bad or good ones, wrongful or rightful ones, given to it by its issuers or legislators, who usurped the control of this essential tool for exchanges and measuring values and who do, habitually, and in their own interest, mess both of them up. - Our language in this sphere is also one of our worst enemies. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANGELL, JAMES W., The Theory of International Prices. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1926. - Fetter, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy 1797-1875. - Prices are not international but always more or less local. If they were internationally the same, then exchange would hardly happen. Trade makes effective use of international price differences. Rare metal weight units are among the best, if not the best indicators of international price differences. Nevertheless, free choice of value standards for individuals, minorities and majorities should also prevail. To each his own! “Suum cuique!” - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANGELL, Sir NORMAN & WRIGHT, HAROLD, Can Government Cure Unemployment? London & Toronto, J. Dent and Sons Ltd., 1931, indexed, 147pp. Against Legal Tender: 66. Against Central Bank: 46. - JZL. - Territorial governments cannot even diagnose and cure their own inherent ills, far less can they prevent or end those which they cause themselves by their multiple legalized or imposed interventionism. Territorial governments are largely impotent when it comes to do rightful, rational and economic things. Is there any lack of evidence for this? - Most of the politicians and bureaucrats are certainly not “gainfully employed” themselves but are, rather, in the “business” of preventing much gainful and economic activity among their subjects. - They do not add to the GNP but subtract from it and prevent it from reaching its optimum. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANGELL, Sir NORMAN, If Britain is to Live. Nisbet & Co., London, 1923. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934. - No island or continent “lives”. But e.g. people live on them, or, under territorial governments, they often die on them or on “expeditions” to other countries, organized by their governments, before their natural life-span is up. - A free society or community does not need a territorial government but it does need all genuine individual rights and liberties for all its peaceful members. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANGELL, Sir NORMAN, The Money Mystery. An Explanation for Beginners. London, J. M. Dent and Sons Ltd., 1936, indexed, with advertisements for “The Money Game”, a series of card games, separately sold by the publishers. - JZL.

ANGELL, Sir NORMAN, The Story of Money. Frederick A. Stokes Co., New York, 1929. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980. - Cassell & Company Ltd., London, Toronto, Melbourne & Sydney, 1930, then 1934, with extensive notes, offering at the same time a bibliography and index: 422pp. - JZL. - There is much more than one story involved. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANGLE, ELIZABETH W., Keys to Business Forecasting. 2nd ed., Richmond: Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, 1966. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - How often was the forecasting of central banks correct, except when they predicted the long-term results of their own inflationary actions? - J.Z., 4.4.10.

ANGUS, IAN, Paper Money. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1974. - DOTY (1978).

ANNALS FOR COLLECTIVE ECONOMY, Geneva, multilingual, founded and edited by Edgard Milhaud, in the twenties and continued at least to the fifties by him. See Milhaud. They were later renamed Annals of Public and Cooperative Economy and published, e.g. 1967 by Prof. Paul Lambert. The address of the Annals was then Liege, 45, quai de Rome, Belgium. Then there was a secretary of the Annals in Geneva, Mrs. G. Calame, Acacias 7, 1227, Geneva 24, Switzerland, who could supply copies for reprinting. Current addresses are not known to me. Perhaps one of my readers has them handy. My collection of its volumes that I do want to microfiche is still not complete. See also under Milhaud, Beckerath, Zander, Rittershausen et al. J.Z.)

ANNALS FOR COLLECTIVE ECONOMY, VOLUME 10, 1934, ed. by Prof. Edgard Milhaud, English edition, 1935, Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis by the Introduction of Purchasing Certificates and the Establishment of an International Clearing System. From the 1968 reprint, 402pp, in PP 769. Of VOLUME 12, 1936, only the main parts are reproduced in PEACE PLANS: Milhaud: Organized Compensatory Trading, 305pp and Zander: A Way Out of the Monetary Chaos, 20pp. In PEACE PLANS 770.

ANNALS OF AMERICA, Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 1968, Vol. 3, "Controversy Over the Constitutionality of a United States Bank." - Vol. 4, Anonymous: Opposition to Paper Money. - Leslie Snyder, Justice or Revolution. - The ethics, morality or rightfulness or wrongness, the economics or anti-economics of a central bank are much more important than its constitutionality. If central banking were quite constitutional then this would still not make it right or economic, no more so than a territorial government or a territorial religious State is right and economic just because it is constitutional. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANNÉE ÉCONOMIQUE, (1966 bis 1968, Presses Universitaires de France; 1969 bis 1972, Documentation française). - Flamant.

ANONYMOUS, The Glasgow Financial Scene: Early Nineteenth Century. 1960. THREE BANKS REVIEW 45 (March): 33-40. - L. H. White

ANONYMOUS, '37 and '57. A Brief Popular Account of all the Financial Panics and Commercial Revulsions in the United States from 1690 to 1857. New York, 1857. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, A Democratic View of ... Banks on a Specie Basis Compared with those on the Basis of Paper Promises of States. By a Citizen of New Jersey. Camden, New Jersey. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, A Digest of the Evidence on the Bank Charter Taken Before the Committee of 1832. (1833) James Ridgway. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

ANONYMOUS, A Discourse of Money. 1696. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - A discourse on money, I supposed. Money itself cannot discourse. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANONYMOUS, A Familiar View of the Operation and Tendency of Usury Laws. New York, 1836. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, A Few Observations on Joint Stock Banks; on Private Banks; and on the Bank of England, as the Sole Bank of Issue in the Metropolis. London: Edward Brewster. 1836a. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, A Letter to a Member of the Hon. House of Commons. 1697. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Are all parliaments honorable? - Are all M.P.’s? - Or do they only wish to be thus addressed? - J.Z., 29.3.10.

ANONYMOUS, A Letter to the Editor of the "Times" on the Question of the Bank Charter, Shewing the Inconsistency of Some of the Accounts Lately Furnished by the Bank to the Committee of the House of Commons. Camberwell: A-. Vogel. 1833b. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, A Letter to the Right Hon. Robert Peel, M.P. ... upon the Necessity of Adopting Some Parliamentary Measure to Control the Issues of Country Bankers, and to Prevent the Recurrence of the Late Shock to Public and Private Credit ... “London: J. Hatchard. 1826a. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, A National Bank; Its Necessity and Most Advisable Form. New York, 1841. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Even now no one was as yet sent to a mental asylum for such a delusion and the dangerous actions it leads to. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANONYMOUS, A New Financial Project. New York, 1837. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Was it, morally and economically, much different from the “plan” of a bank robber? - J.Z., 27.3.10. - All monetary and financial projects ought to be confined to their volunteers. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANONYMOUS, A New System of Paper Money. By a Citizen of Boston. Boston, 1837. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - All systems to be realized only at the expense and risk of their system-mongers. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANONYMOUS, A Treatise on the Currency and the Exchanges, etc. New York, 1841. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, A View of the Banking Question, Resulting from Practice and Experience. London: W. Marchant. 1832a. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, An Enquiry into the Principles and Tendency of Certain Public Measures. Philadelphia, 1794. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Merely judging by the title, there is no indication whether the article deals e.g. with public health, protectionism, vaccination, fluoridation, racism, crime, etc. When someone is as vague in his title, how much sense can one expect to find in the article under it? - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANONYMOUS, An Essay on the Evils of the Banking System as Conducted in the United States. Philadelphia, 1845. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, An Essay upon Money and Coins. 1757. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, An Examination of Some of the Provisions [of the Safety-Fund Act]. New York, 1829. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, An Examination of the Bank Charter Question. Murray, 1833. (Mentioned by Scrope, p.414: "A history of the mismanagement of the paper currency of this country during the last half century, chiefly by the great central source of issue, the Bank of England - countenanced, and, indeed, often goaded on to misconduct by the government of the day, - would be too lengthened to find a place here. We must be contented to refer our readers to a publication which treats of this subject, and in which the great leading error is shown to lie in the constitution and exclusive privileges of that monstrous monopoly." - Written by Scrope himself? - J.Z.)

ANONYMOUS, Articles on Banking, Currency, etc. (THE SCOTCH BANKER), 1828. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, Bank Bills or Paper Currency, and the Banking System of Massachusetts, etc. By a Conservative. Boston, 1856. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Bank Notes and Specie Considered as Circulating Media: with Remarks on the Effects of Discounting on Deposits. [By S. H. Perkins?] Boston, 1856. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Considerations on the Importation of Foreign Corn. 1814. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, Corn and Currency; or, How Shall We Get through the Winter? by a Merchant. London: Pelham Richardson. 1839. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, Currency Explosions, their Cause and Cure. New York, 1858. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - As if currencies could act on their own, even explode. Personal rather than causal thinking, combined with language abuse. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

ANONYMOUS, Free Trade in Banking. THE BANKERS' MAGAZINE; and JOURNAL OF THE MONEY MARKET 1 (May):67-75. 1844c. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, Gegen den Metallismus. Artikel in der NEUEN HAMBURISCHEN BOERSENHALLE, vom 10. Juni 1914 (über Knapp und Dr. Schwarzwald). - Knapp. - Even for tools and machines, pots and pans, cutlery and jewelry? - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ANONYMOUS, Gold, Money and Inflation. 2pp: in PEACE PLANS No. 1559, p.12, from FOCUS,  I/1, May 968, II/1, February 1969, II/2, March 1969, II/3, April 1969, 80pp, Published at Montana State University

ANONYMOUS, History of a Little Frenchman and his Bank Notes. "Rags! Rags! Rags!" Philadelphia, 1815. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, How You Can Survive the Coming Economic Crisis. ECONOMIC RESEARCH ASSOCIATES, Canberra, 1974, 20 pp, “ERA Confidential Report”, with a 4p addendum: “Your Swiss Bank Account. Some monetary freedom ideas on pages 17/18. (MARK TIER?) - JZL.

ANONYMOUS, Humane Suggestions to the Parliament, etc. 1801. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, Letter to the R. H. Robert Peel. 1826. - Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

ANONYMOUS, Letter to the Rt. Hon. C. P. Thomson, M.P. ... in Explanation and Defence of the Principles and Practices of Joint Stock Banking. Manchester: Love and Barton. 1834. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, Letters of Aegles Addressed to the Chairman of the Bank Committee. Baltimore, 1819. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Metallic Money, Its Value and Its Functions. Philadelphia, 1841. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Money the Representative of Value. 1837. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, National Money, or a Simple System of Finance, etc. By a Private Citizen. Washington, 1816. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - By another simple-minded subject, granting the sanction of the victim. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

ANONYMOUS, Observations on the State of the Currency, with Suggestions for ... Reducing to Uniformity the Banking System. 1829. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Uniformity and coercion make a bad mixture. - It would be more sensible to collect only the sound ideas and proposals, together with the refutations of the unsound ones. Alas, paper is patient and nonsense written on it does accumulate more and more. - The same applies to most digitized texts. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

ANONYMOUS, On Circulating Credit: With Hints for Improving the Banking System of Britain, by a Scottish Banker. Edinburgh: William Tait. 1832b. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, On Money, Morals, and Progress, (Anglo-Americana). 1854. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, On the Present State of Banking Affairs. THE BANKERS' MAGAZINE; and JOURNAL OF THE MONEY MARKET 1 (April):4-12. 1844a. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, Opinions on the Present State of the Nation. 1803. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, Origin, Provisions, and Effect of the Safety Fund Law. New York, 1834. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Paper Money among the Chinese. (Wells Williams, S.), in: CHINESE REPOSITORY, vol. XX, 1851, 289-296. - Herbert Franke, Geld- & Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft.

ANONYMOUS, Practical Remarks on Currency and Banking, Particularly in Reference to the System of Scotland. by a Scotch Banker. Glasgow: John Smith. 1840a. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. (1849, - White)

ANONYMOUS, Reflections Excited by the Present State of Banking Operations in the United States. Washington, 1818. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Reflections on Coin in General. 1762. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, Remarks on Banks and Banking and the Skeleton of a Project for a National Bank. By a Citizen of Boston. Boston, 1840. [Williams, Henry?]. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Remarks on Money, and the Bank Paper of the United States. Philadelphia, 1814. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Remarks on New York Banking, and the Recent Disaster or Crisis. New York, 1858. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Remarks upon Mr. Appleton's "Remarks on Currency and Banking. By a Disinterested Witness. Boston, 1841. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Remarks upon the Bank of the United States. By a Merchant. Boston, 1831. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Report of the Deputation from the Bankers of Scotland. London: J. B. Nichols. 1841. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - (Report 3 of the Deputation from the Bankers of Scotland, 1841, London: J.B. Nichols. - White)

ANONYMOUS, Select Observations, etc. 1646. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, Sketch of Country Bank Practice, with Remarks on the One Bank Issue Project, by a Country Banker. London: Pelham Richardson. 1840b. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, Social Credit pamphlet: I Want the Earth Plus 5 Percent, reproduced here only as a starting point for a discussion by David Taylor, 21pp, 36x, in PP 656. - Most Social Credit notions belong, in my opinion, into a vast encyclopaedia of monetary myths, misconceptions, prejudices and errors, with their best refutations. - J.Z.

ANONYMOUS, Some Reasons Against the Clause Restraining All Corporations but the Bank of England from Keeping Cash Accounts, etc. ca.1700. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, Strictures on the Report of the Secret Committee, on Joint Stock Banks. ... London: Joseph Thomas. 1836b. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, Suggestions on the President's Message. (1815?). - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Taxation, the Legitimization of Extortion. 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1671, May 2001, p.148.

ANONYMOUS, The Bank of England and Its Charter, Considered in a Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Althorp. London: Bailey. 1833a. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, The Banking Systems of Louisiana. New Orleans, 1860. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, The Crisis, or a Letter to the Rt. Hon. the Chancellor of the Exchequer. 1816. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, The Currency Question from a Mercantile Point of View. ( A Member of the Edinburgh Chamber of Commerce) 1866. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANONYMOUS, The Currency Theory Reviewed; in a Letter to the Scottish People on the Menaced Interference by Government with the Existing System of Banking in Scotland, by a Banker in England. Edinburgh: William Tait. 1845. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - [Die Theorie der Umlaufsmittel, geprüft in einem Brief an das schottische Volk. Von einem Bankier in England.] Edinburgh 1845. 113. - MARX. - “Von Marx zitiert als ,,The Currency Question etc.". Die Red.”

ANONYMOUS, The Evils of One Bank of Issue." THE BANKERS' MAGAZINE; AND JOURNAL OF THE MONEY MARKET 1 (May): 61-6. 1844b. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, The Fable of the Bees, or Private Vices, Public Benefits. 2 vols., 1772. - With 1 letter, in Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection.

ANONYMOUS, The Glasgow Financial Scene: Early Nineteenth Century." 1960. Three Banks Review 45 (March): 33-44. - Selgin + White.

ANONYMOUS, The Gold Coinage Controversy. London, Bank of England, 1870. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

ANONYMOUS, The Government Currency Measure." THE BANKERS' MAGAZINE; and JOURNAL OF THE MONEY MARKET 1 (June): 117-21. 1844d. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, The Life, Adventures, and Serious Remonstrances of a Scotch Guinea Note, Containing a Defense of the Scotch System of Banking. Edinburgh: Waugh & Innes. 1826b. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, The Money Question Considered. 2nd. ed., 16pp, London, W. Reeves. - Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection.

ANONYMOUS, The Mystery of the New-fashioned Goldsmiths or Bankers discovered. London, 1676. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

ANONYMOUS, The Paradox Solved, or, a Financial Secret Worth Knowing. Baltimore, 1820. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, The Trial and Condemnation of the Trustees of the Land Bank at Exeter Exchange for murdering the Bank of England at Grocers' Hall. London, 1696? - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

ANONYMOUS, The Utility of Country Banks Considered. In J. R. McCulloch, ed., A Select Collection of Scarce and Valuable Tracts ... on Paper Currency and Banking, 1802. New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1966. (Reprint of 1857 ed.) - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, Thoughts on Banking and the Currency. By a Citizen of Western New York. 1836. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ANONYMOUS, Thoughts on the Currency. London: James Ridgway. 1842. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, Thoughts upon the Principles of Banks, and the Wisdom of Legislative Interference. London: James Ridgway. 1837. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ANONYMOUS, Verlag GRÜNES LAND, Reutlingen, 1974, mit 2 S. Literaturverzeichnis (hauptsächlich sozialistische und Gesell Schriften), 108 S. - JZL.

ANONYMOUS, What is Money? 1830. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ANSIAUX, MAURICE, La monnaie peut-elle être supprimée? In der REVUE ÉCONOMIQUE INTERNATIONALE, Bruxeles1908, S 77-01; S. 85f. - Knapp.

ANSIAUX, MAURICE, La Question Monétaire en Belgique. Liege, 1892.

ANSPACH, ALFRED, La Russie Economique et L’Oeuvre de M. de Witte. Paris, 1904.

ANSTEY, FRANK, The Kingdom of Shylock. Melbourne, 1917. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of Australia.

ANTON, GÜNTHER K., Geschichte der preussischen Fabrikgesetzgebung bis zu ihrer Aufnahme durch die Reichsgewerbeordnung. 2. Ausgabe, Rütten & Loening, Berlin, 1953, 229 S. - "Im zweiten Teil seiner Arbeit beschreibt Anton die Entstehung des preussischen Anti-Truck-Gesetzes." - Horst Bülter, in der Einleitung. - JZL. - Good only in its report on the Prussian anti-truck legislation, against even the most primitive monetary self-help attempts. - J.Z.) - JZL. PEACE PLANS microfiched its 2nd section on truck legislation: "Geschichte des preussischen Truckverbots", 30pp, in PEACE PLANS 641.

ANTON, KARL GOTTLOB VON, Essai sur l'historie de l'Ordre des Templiershttp://books.google.com/books?id=cWPSkRk7T3kC - De Mortier frères, 1840, 162 pages. - This book might contain interesting details on their exterritorial autonomy and on their extensive trading operations, settled by clearing rather than coin transfers. J.Z., 25.12.05.

ANTWORT, DIE, Jan.-Aug. 1969, über offizielle u. unoffizielle Widerstände gegen K. Zube's SAG Zahlungssystem, mit Anmerkungen von J.Z., 20pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 741/2.

APPLETON, NATHAN & SHEPPARD, J. H., Sketch of Hon. Nathan Appleton. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

APPLETON, NATHAN, An Examination of the Banking System of Massachusetts, in Reference to the Renewal of the Bank Charters. Boston, 1831. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

APPLETON, NATHAN, Remarks on Currency and Banking. Boston. Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1841; 3d ed., 1857. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

APPONYI, A.F., to Australian Financial Systems Inquiry, 28 May 79, 2pp, in PP 803.

ARBEITSGEMEINSCHAFT EV. SCHUELERARBEIT - AES-Ost (Hrsg.): Haste mal 'ne Mark oder Money makes the world go round. Arbeitsmaterial für das Rüstzeitmodell '94 "Geld". AES-Ost, Berliner Büro, Schönhauser Allee 161, 10435 Berlin, Tel. (030) 4 48 02 33. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de  (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

ARBEITSLOSIGKEIT, Arbeitstexte fuer den Unterricht, fuer die Sekundarstufe, herausgegeben von Brigitte Arend, Gunter Hesse & Hans-Werner Prahl, Philipp Reclam Jun., Stuttgart, 1983, mit Angabe von 47 Quellen und 95 Literaturhinweisen, 158 S. - Unter den Quellen enthält, vielleicht, nur die folgende etwas Wertvolles: Karl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, Freiwerdende Arbeitskapazitäten als produktive Chancen. Das ist, wenigstens, vielversprechend. In: F. Duve (Hrsg.), Die Zukunft der Arbeit 2. Reinbeck by Hamburg; Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag 1878. Aber ich bezweifle sehr, dass unter den angeführten 95 Literaturtexten die folgenden 3 auch wenigstens etwas über die Geldfreiheitsmöglichkeiten enthalten. Die anderen Titel erscheinen mir hoffnungslos zu sein, in Bezug auf wirkliche Ursachen und Lösungen des Problems, nur nach ihren Titeln zu urteilen: 1.) Diessenbacher, H. & Scheilke, C. T., Arbeitslosigkeit. Ursachen und Gegenmassnahmen, Köln, 1979. - 2.) Föppl, C., Die Vollbeschäftigungsformel, Frankfurt a.M., 1978. - 3.) Wacker, A., Arbeitslosigkeit als Sozialisationserfahrung. In: Leithäuser, T. & Heinz, W. R., Herausgeber von Produktion, Arbeit, Sozialisation. Frankfurt a.M., 1976. S.171-187. Wahrscheinlich ist damit nur die soziale Anpassung von Individuen gemeint, statt die Verstaatlichung des Notenbankwesens. - J.Z., 3.4.10. - JZL.

ARCHIBALD, Rev. ALISON, Essays, political, historical and miscellaneous. London, 1850, 3 vols. - Alexander Del Mar, History of Money in America, 1889, 1968.

ARDAKAR, B. P., The Theory of Monetary Policy. London, 1935. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

ARDREY, ROBERT, World's Beginning. Readers Union, Hamish Hamilton, 204 pp, London, 1946, a utopia of the later famous author, in which he describes a private scrip issue in some detail. (JZL)

ARENDT, OTTO, Die vertragsmässige Doppelwährung. Berlin 1880. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

ARENDT, OTTO, Leitfaden der Währungsfrage. 10.Aufl. Berlin 1894. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

ARETZ, PETER, Die Entwicklung der Diskontpolitik der Bank von England, 1780-1850; eine kritische Studie aus dem Notenbank- und Papiergeldwesen. Berlin: C. Heymann, 1916. - SMITH, VERA C.

ARGENTARIUS, 1.) Alte Briefe. 2.) Die Börse. 3.) Währungsnot. 4.) Die Kreditbank. Aus der Serie: Briefe eines Bankdirektors an seinen Sohn. Bank Verlag, Berlin. - I read some of his writings many years ago but do not remember any monetary freedom ideas in them. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

ARGENTARIUS, Alte Briefe, 1908 bis 1911. Briefe eines Bankdirektors ans seinen Sohn. 30.-35. Tausend, 1921, Bank Verlag, Berlin W., Mansteinstr. 9, 124 S., 120 pages. - Kurt Zube, nach seinem handschriftlichen Vermerk, erwarb es 1922, als er 17 war. Am Ende sind zwei Anzeigen fuer 1.) DIE BANK, Herausgeber Alfred Landsburgh (Argentarius), Anfang jedes Monats, 1922. 2.) ARGENTARIUS, Die Notenbank, Briefe eines Bankdirektors an seinen Sohn. Herbst 1922. - Wenigstens diesen Titel habe ich teilweise gelesen und Anstreichungen gemacht. - J.Z., JZL.

ARGENTARIUS, Das Wesen des Geldes. Briefe eines Bankdirektors and seinen Sohn. 1923, Bank Verlag, Berlin, 242 S. - JZL. Jetzt brauchen wir eher Titel wie: Das Unwesen des staatlichen Geldes, verglichen mit dem Wesen des Geldes der Geldfreiheit. (Emissionsfreiheit, freie Wahl des Wertmasses, Verrechnungsfreiheit, Ablehnungs- und Diskontierungsrecht gegenüber fremden Zahlungsmitteln und Wertmassen. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

ARGENTARIUS, Die Notenbank, Briefe eines Bankdirektors and seinen Sohn. Herbst 1922. (Argentarius = Alfred Landsburgh) - Anzeige in seinem seiner Bücher: Alte Briefe. - JZL.

ARGENTARIUS, Vom Gelde. Briefe eines Gelddirektors an seinen Sohn. 1921, Bank Verlag, Berlin W., Mansteinstr. 9, 124 S., 1.-25. Tausend. - Motto: “Das Geld is ein Recht und soll kein Unrecht werden.” - Argentarius. - A book I had already acquired in Germany, before 1959 - and yet it is still unread, with uncut pages! Argentarius was the pseudonym for Alfred Landsburg. It may have been Landsburg, who suggested a “gallows currency”, - one which would lead those, who depreciated it, straight to the gallows. - J.Z., 5.3.10. JZL.

ARGY, VICTOR, Rules, Discretion in Monetary Management, and Short-Term Stability. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 3 (Feb. 1971): 102-122. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - Whose rules, discretion and management? Monetary and financial despotism should not be taken for granted. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

ARISTIDES, A Letter to the Secretary of the Treasury on the Commerce and Currency of the United States. New York, 1819. "Aristides." - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ARISTOTE, pseudonym for Le Groupe de Paris, La Relance de la Monnaie Commune par un Ecu-or", LA REVUE DES DEUX MONDES, Paris, Mai 1994. - Nataf

ARISTOTLE, Nichomachean Ethics. (384-322 B.C.) - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Already A. considered money as the creation of law. As old is this statist error! Numerous token money issues, at least, happened without backing by the law and in spite of legal prohibitions. - J.Z., 29.3.10.

ARISTOTLE, Politics. Book V. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

ARISTOTLE, The Constitution of Athens. 51.3. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

ARKIN, M., The Economic Writings of David Hume: A Re-assessment. In J. J. Spengler and W. P. Allen (Eds). Essays in Economic Theory (New York 1960). “a more recent discussion of the importance of Hume…” - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

ARKRIGHT, FRANK, A.B.C. of Technocracy. Hamish Hamilton. - Sir Leo Chiozza, Product Money, 1933.

ARMAGUARD, advertisement for cash payments, 1987, 1p, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 739.

ARMAND, EMILE, Our Demands as Individualist Anarchists. 1945, http://www.panarchy.org/armand/individualist.html 

ARMENTANO, D. T., The Political Economy of William Graham Sumner: A Study in the History of Free Enterprise Ideas. - The Political Economy of William Graham Sumner: A Study in the History of Free-Enterprise Ideas - PhD Dissertation, 1966, The University of Connecticut. - Online at the Mises Institute. www.mises.org/etexts/armentano.pdf

ARMITAGE, JOHN, History of Brazil. London, 1836. 2 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

ARMSDEN, JOHN, Value. London, ca. 1890. - Carnaghan. - J. A. was a member of the free currency movement and a collaborator in "Free Trade and Exchange", 1892.

ARMSTRONG, LEROY & DENNY, J., Financial California. San Francisco: Coast Banker Publishing Company, 1916. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

ARNAUNÉ, AUGUSTE, La Monnaie, le Credit et le Change. 3d edition. Paris, 1906.

ARNDT, E. H. D., Banking and Currency Development in South Africa (1652-1927). Capetown, 1928. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

ARNDT, H. W. & HARRIS, C. P., The Australian Trading Banks. Melbourne, 1957. - HOLDER, Bank of NSW.

ARNON, ARIE, The Transformation in Thomas Tooke's Monetary Theory Reconsidered. HISTORY OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 16(2) (Summer). 1984. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

ARON, J., Annual Review and Outlook. New York: Aron and Company, Inc., January, 1976. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold.

ARON, J., Gold Statistics and Analysis. October, 1975. New York: J. Aron and Company, Inc., 1975. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold.

ARRINGTON, LEONARD T., Great Basin Kingdom. Cambridge: Harvard UniversityPress, 1958. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

ARROW, KENNETH J., & HAHN, FRANK H, General Competitive Analysis. 1971. San Francisco: Holden-Day. - Paul Davidson, The Economics of Ignorance or Ignorance of Economics.

ARTHUR, TERRY, 95 per cent is Crap - a plain man's guide to British politics. Libertarian Books, Ltd., Cranfield Book Service, Wharley End, Bedford, 246pp. Defends freedom of note issue, according to Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 12/75.

ARTIS, M. J., 'Roads to EMU.'(1989) mimeo, Manchester: Department of Economics, University of Manchester. - Dowd

ASCAIN, ANTOINE, History of Money and Finance. trsl. 1968. - K. Ryan, 1990.

ASCHHEIM, JOSEPH, Commercial Banks and Financial Intermediaries: Fallacies and Policy Implications. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 67(1) (February1959.) 59-71. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

ASCHHEIM, JOSEPH, Techniques of Monetary Control. 1961. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - Those of central banking are beyond any rightful and rational control, because they try to operate without the pricing system, a sound value standard, voluntarism, competition, with coercion, monopoly and secrecy, just like dictators and despots do in the general political, economic and social sphere. They do reverse the old maxim of “The King can’t do wrong” into a new one: “The King Can Only Do Wrong and Cause Enormous Harm.” - J.Z., 14.6.10.

ASGILL, JOHN, Several Assertions Proved. 1696. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ASHFORD, DR. NIGEL & DAVIES, DR. STEPHEN, The Dictionary of Conservative and Libertarian Thought. editors. Routledge, 1991 - Email from Sean Gabb, 27.3.10. - It has been reviewed by William H. Peterson in THE FREEMAN, May 1992, p.203-204.

ASHLEY, W. J., An Introduction to English Economic History and Theory. Longmans, London, 1923-5. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

ASHLEY, W. J., Commercial Legislation of England and the American Colonies. QUARTERLY JOURNAL ECON., 14: 1-29; also in Surveys, Historic and Economic. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

ASHLEY, W. J., Economic Organisation of England. - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

ASHTON, THOMAS S. & SAYERS RICHARD S., Papers in English Monetary History. (eds.) Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1953, with person index. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. - J.Z.L.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., An Economic History of England. The 18th Century. Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, 1955, 1959, 1969, 1972, indexed, 257pp. Truck: p. 173. Mark banco: 189. FB: chapter 6: Money, Banking and Foreign Exchange, pp 167-200. - JZL. A real economist! - J.Z.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Banking. A Chapter of Social History. (Review of W. F. Crick and J. E. Wadsworth, A Hundred Years of Joint Stock Banking.) MANCHESTER GUARDIAN, 13 February 1936.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Economic Fluctuations in England, 1700-1800. Oxford: Clarendon. (1959) - Dowd

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Economic Fluctuations, 1790-1850. ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, 2nd series, vol. vii, no. 3, 1955. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Joint-Stock Banking in and around Manchester. A record of its first beginnings. MANCHESTER GUARDIAN, 19.6.1935.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Mr. Keynes Bombards a Citadel. (Review of J. M. Keynes, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.) MANCHESTER GUARDIAN, 24 February 1936,

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Review of: A. E. Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling: A History of English Money. (Oxford, 1931), E.J., vol. 42, 1932, pp. 81-83. 1932 N. D. T. Jack, Currency and Banking (London, 1932), E.J., vol. 42, 1932, p. 441. 1932

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Review of: D. H. (later Sir Denis) Robertson, A Study of Industrial Fluctuation. (London, 1915.) Series of Reprints of Scarce Works on Political Economy, No. 8. Reprinted by the London School of Economics and Political Science, London, 1948. Review entitled 'Industrial Fluctuation', ECONOMICA, New ser., vol. xviii, 1951, pp. 298-302.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Review of: John Maynard Keynes, 1883-1946. Cambridge, 1948, HISTORY, vol. 36, I951, p. 279.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Review of: R. S. Sayers, Modern Banking. (Oxford, 1938), M.S., vol. ix, 1938, pp. 186-8.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Review of: Rev. Walter Goodliffe, Credit and Currency, National and International. (London, 1927), E.J., vol. 38, 1928, pp. 111-12.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Review of: Sir John Clapham, The Bank of England: A History. (Cambridge, 1944, 2 vols.), E. J., vol. 55, 1945, pp. 261-5.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., Review of: W. A. Shaw, Currency, Credit and the Exchanges (1924-26). (London, 1927), E.J., vol. 38, 1928, pp.109-11.

ASHTON, THOMAS S., The Bill of Exchange and Private Banks in Lancashire, 1790-1830', ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, XV (1945), reprinted in Ashton and Sayers. - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England. - Also reprinted in T.S. Ashton, R.S. Sayers, eds., Papers in English Monetary History, Oxford, 1953. - Cameron - JZL.

ASHWIN, B. C, Banking and Currency in New Zealand. THE ECONOMIC RECORD, Vol. 6, Nov. 1930, pp. 188-204. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

ASKIN, A. & KRAFT, J., Econometric Wage and Price Models: Assessing the Impact of the Economic Stabilization Program. New York, 1975. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

ASSOCIATION OF REGISTERED BANK HOLDING COMPANIES, The Bank Company: Its History and Significance in Modern America. Washington, D.C.: ARBHC, 1972. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks. - All these hints, combined here, do provide oceans of information. But to go fishing in them for the bits significant for free banking does still constitute a major job, one for many people. I would rather start from the moral angle, with as clear statements of genuine monetary rights and liberties as human beings could provide. Possibly, Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, in his writings, has come closest to such attempts. - He always approached the problem from the angle: If there were no despotic monetary legislation, what kind of moral and rational banking would then be possible? - Secondly: How, and under what circumstances could one introduce monetary freedom in a kind of peaceful and sensible monetary freedom revolution? - He was fully aware that this still requires a large degree of enlightenment on the subject, at least among the first pioneers, who would set a good example for all others to follow. - Alas, so far, all too few people are seriously interested in exploring, describing and publishing genuine individual rights and liberties. - J.Z., 15.3.10.

ATCOPS REPORTER, THE, 7 & 9?72, 1, 4 & 9/73, 1 & 4/74, 4/76, 5/77, 18pp, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 739.

ATHENEUM, THE, Review of Hake & Wesslau: Free Trade in Capital. March 1890 1p, review, Feb. 8, 1896, of Hake & Wesslau, The Coming Individualism. 1p, in PEACE PLANS 787.

ATHERTON, LEWIS E., The Pioneer Merchant in Mid-America. Columbia, Mo., 1939. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks. (ATHERTON, LOUIS, according to  - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.)

ATKINS, JAMES, Tradesmen's Tokens of the 18th Century. 1892, W.S. Lincoln & Sons.

ATKINSON, EDWARD, Labour and Capital Allies not Enemies. 1879. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - That will be more clearly seen under full monetary and financial freedom and once self-management forms of organization come to spread widely. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

ATKINSON, FRANK & MATTHEWS, JOHN, Coin Collecting, Illustrated Teach Yourself book. Knight Books, Hodder and Staughton, 1975, 96pp.

ATLAS ECONOMIC RESEARCH FOUNDATION, NETWORK NEWS: TFI Conference on Sound Money. Philadelphia, April 9, 210. Atlas will hold a Teach Freedom Initiative (TFI) half-day conference on the topic of sound money on April 9th, 2010, at the Sheraton Society Hill Hotel in Philadelphia, … The theme of the conference is “The Attack on Sound Money and Entrepreneurship: Threatening Liberty in America.” - At least in 2009 and 2010 there were essay competitions on Sound Money, with the best essays rewarded and put online. The ATLAS SOUND MONEY PROJECT has also started its website (www.soundmoneyproject.org), a resource-filled site that intends to educate both the policy community and the general public about the principles of sound money. FEB 2010 news. - http://atlasnetwork.org/networknews - I am looking forward to the day that all the texts of such conferences, fully transcribed, appear online, together with any later comments added by anyone to them. - J.Z., 6.3.10.

ATLAS SOUND MONEY PROJECT: www.soundmoneyproject.org - http://atlasnetwork.org/networknews - It offers books, articles, blogs and much more, e.g. on the state of money, its history and future. I haven’t even tried to include all the authors and titles that they do offer. Maybe ATLAS or some of its fans will get around to do so. - J.Z., 23.6.10.

ATTICUS, Letters on the Currency, the Credit System, etc. 1838. "Atticus." - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ATTWOOD, L, WRIGHT, I. B., & HARLOW, I., The Currency Question. The Gemini letters. [Die Frage der Umlaufsmittel. Zwillingsbriefe.] London 1844. 82. - MARX.

ATTWOOD, THOMAS, Letter to Nicholas Vansittart. 1817. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ATTWOOD, THOMAS, Observations on Currency, Population and Pauperism. 1818. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ATTWOOD, THOMAS, The Distressed State of the Country. 1829. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

ATTWOOD, THOMAS, The Late Prosperity, and the Present Adversity of the Country, Explained; the Proper Remedies Considered, and the Comparative Merits of English and Scottish Systems of Banking Discussed, in a Correspondence between Sir John Sinclair and Mr. Thomas Attwood." 1826. In Frank Whitson Fetter, ed., Selected Economic Writings. London: London School of Economics and Political Science, 1964. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ATTWOOD, THOMAS, The Scottish Banker. London: James Ridgway. 1828. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ATWATER, C., History of the State of Ohio. Cincinnati, 1838. - McGrane, The Panic of 1837.

ATWATER, JESSE, Considerations on the Dissolution of the United States Bank. New Haven, 1810. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

AUBRY, MAURICE, Les Banques d'Emission et d'Escompte. Paris: Guillaumin, 1864. - SMITH, VERA C.

AUCKLAND, Lord, Lord Auckland Papers (principally on Irish monetary conditions, 1796-1801). John Rylands Library, Manchester. - Fetter, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy 1797-1875.

AUERNHEIMER, LEONARDO, The Honest Government's Guide to the Revenue from the Creation of Money. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 82 (May-June 1974): 598-606. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - If there is “revenue” from the “creation” of government money - then dishonesty is already involved, unless e.g. only sound tax foundation money is meant. - Have government mints been more honest than private mints? - J.Z., 13.4.10.

AUERSWALD, HANS von, Staatswirtschaft. 1809, Auszüge aus Kap. 3 & 4 über Steuerfundation und Bankfreiheit, durch Einlösungspflicht beschränkt, 99pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 735.

AUST, E., Währungsordnung und Zahlungsbilanz im Gemeinsamen Markt Europas. Frankfurt 1959. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

AUSTRALIAN FINANCIAL SYSTEM, Final Report of the Committee of Inquiry. Sep. 1981, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1981, indexed, 838pp. - JZL.

AUSTRALIAN FINANCIAL SYSTEMS INQUIRY, List of the Public Submissions that are offered on microfiche by C.I.C., Congress Information Centre, 11pp, in PEACE PLANS 803.

AUSTRALIAN, THE, Singapore blazes trail towards a cashless society. 21 Jan. 86, clipping, 1p, 29x, in PP 741/2. - (Beware of the tax and control consequences. Many bureaucrats have similar ambitions in other States. - J.Z.)

AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS NEWSLETTER, www.mises.org/aendisplay.asp - E.g. 2, 1979, pp. 8-9. - Norman P. Barry.

AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS, The Foundations of Modern Austrian Economics. By various authors, 1976, OLL, 546 Kb. - http://www.econlib.org/LIBRARY/NPDBooks/Dolan/dlnFMAContents.html

AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION, Inc., Automobiles of America. 3rd ed., rev. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1970. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks. - Who can afford to buy a new car when money is scarce, sales are difficult and unemployment is large? I managed to buy the cheapest of the new ones, my first new car, only 5 years ago! - J.Z., 2.5.10.

AVEBURY, Lord, A Short History of Coins and Currency. London, 1901. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. (AVEBURY, Short History of Coins and Currency", John Murray, London, 1902. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934.)

AVINERI, SHLOMO, The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx. Cambridge University Press 1968. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - Were his “thoughts” thoughtful enough? - Is the thinking of most of his critics sufficiently better? - J.Z., 30.3.10.

AVRAM, Duke of, The, His Highness, A materials collection regarding his independent ROYAL BANK OF AVRAM, Tasmania, & its note issues & clash with the Australian government & police. (The Duke does not consider himself as a secessionist but practises secessionism. He claims Tasmania is NOT part of Australia and thus not subject to its centralized Reserve Bank system. I consider him to be a de-facto secessionist through his free banking effort. Compiled and published thus by me in ON PANARCHY IX. - J.Z.) 55pp, in PEACE PLANS 689. (Most of the contents of the 24 special issues ON PANARCHY, were recently digitized by me but they are not yet online or available on disc, except, perhaps, on the web archive, or via a CD of mine, on the www.butterbach.net - J.Z., 11.2.10.) - Thanks to a donation this website has recently been revived. - J.Z., 10.5.10.

AXELROD, ROBERT, The Evolution of Cooperation. 1984. New York: Basic Books. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System.

AYRES, LEONARD P., Economics of Recovery. (New York: Macmillan, 1933), p.58. - Klebaner

AYTOUN, W. E., The Scottish Banking System." 1844. BLACKWOOD'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE 56: 671-86.- White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - Schuler. (The name is given in brackets & thus it may not be confirmed or the brackets may indicate that it was written by him anonymously. If I included the brackets here, the title would be automatically sorted out of alphabetical order. J.Z.)

AZARIADIS, COSTAS, Self-Fulfilling Prophecies. 1981. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC THEORY 25: 380-96. - Paul Davidson, The Economics of Ignorance or Ignorance of Economics.

 

B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B

BABB, HUGH W. & MARTIN, CHARLES, Business Law. 2nd ed., College Outline Series, New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1968. - Have territorial government laws any rightful role in business and enterprise, e.g. among banking and credit institutions? - J.Z., 4.4.10.

BABBAGE, CHARLES, On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures. London, editions from 1834 on. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933.

BABELON, ERNEST, Les Origines de la Monnaie. Paris, 1897. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BACH, G. L., The Economic Effects of Inflation: Long Term Problems. Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, vol. 31, no. 4, 1975. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BACH, G. L., The New Inflation - Causes. Effects, Cures. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J. 1972. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BACH, GEORGE LELAND, Economics: An Introduction to Analysis and Policy. 5th ed., Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1966. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - Economics plus politics equals mostly merely neo-comics. - J.Z., free after Dr. H. G. Pearce.

BACHERT, DICK, The Power of the Gold Standard in Controlling Inflation. 5pp, in PEACE PLANS 1664 & 1665, p.280. Alas, the old and “classical gold standard”, while governments and private banks adhered to it, did not only prevent inflation but also assured an under-supply of exchange media, so that primitive barter exchanges were never quite replaced by monetary exchanges under it. - The “cursed hunger for gold”, that it caused, lead also to numerous wrongful invasions, conquests, expropriations, enslavements of native people and their domination by these “pioneers” and conquerors. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BACHMANN, G., Währungs-(Devisen-)politik. in Handbuch der Schweizerischen Volkswirtschaft, Bd.II, S.525 ff., Bern 1939. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BACHTELL, LEE M., World Dollars, 1477-1877: Pictorial Guide. Jesup, Georgia: Sentinel Press, 1974. - DOTY (1978).

BACKMAN, JULES, Adventures in Price Fixing. Farrar and Rinehart, Menasha, Wisconsin, 1936. This excellent little book relates some case histories from a variety of countries in which price controls have been tried. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BACKMAN, JULES, Rationing and Price Controls in Great Britain. Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., 1943. Excellent, crisp, short survey of the effectiveness and deficiencies in the wartime control policies. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BACKMAN, JULES, The Price Control and Subsidy Program in Canada. Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., 1943. Review of a particularly extensive network of controls. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BACKUS, C. K. (Charles K.), The Contraction of the Currency. 54pp. Honest Money League of the Northwest, 1878.  http://books.google.com/books?id=CY4cd2-ujpIC - 64 pp. - It might be of interest from a monetary freedom point of view. At least it should have opposed legal tender for silver coins whose silver metal market value had depreciated below their nominal legal tender value. - J.Z.

BACON, FRANCIS LORD VERULAM, Essays. 1625. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BADCOCK, J., Slaves to Duty. Author was a member of the Free Currency Movement, mentioned in Wendy McElroy's LIBERTY INDEX He may have written: The Money Famine.

BADCOCK, JOHN, article in FREE REVIEW on currency. Title? Year? Location?

BADE, R. & PARKIN, M., Central Bank Laws and Monetary Policy. Mimeo, London, 1981 Ont.: University of Western Ontario. - Dowd - The title does not indicate whether the author is for or against such laws and policies! - Say what you mean! - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BADINEL JAMES, The Trade in Slaves from Africa. London, 1842. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BAETJER, HOWARD, Jr., Something Besides Money Grown Causes Inflation? - “Something Besides Money Growth Causes Inflation?” - FEE Timely Classic, FEE IN BRIEF, 5.4.10.

BAGCHI, AMIYA KUNAR, The Evolution of the State Bank of India. v. 1-2. 1978, Bombay, OUP. Schuler. - State banks do not “evolve” but are legislated into their privileges, monopolies and coercive powers. - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BAGEHOT, WALTER, A New Standard of Value. From THE ECONOMIST, Nov. 20, 1875, reprinted from the ECONOMIC JOURNAL, Vol. 2, 1892,

BAGEHOT, WALTER, A New Standard of Value. [from: THE ECONOMIST, November 20, 1875, reprinted from the ECONOMIC JOURNAL, Vol.2, 1892, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.690. Now offered in: LIBRARY and as HOME: www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/5148/authors.htmlwww.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/5148/index.html - -  Maybe more such titles can be found there. - But I can’t hunt up all such possibilities myself. - J.Z.

BAGEHOT, WALTER, Complete Works. Edited by Forrest Morgan. 5 vols. Hartford, 1889.

BAGEHOT, WALTER, Lombard Street: A Description of the Money Market. (1873) - (London: Kegan, Paul & Co., 1873). H. S. King. - 1874, New York: Scribner, Armstrong & Co. - 10th ed., with notes bringing the work up to the present time, by E. Johnstone, London, Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Ltd., 1892, 361pp. - JZL. - - Revised editions London: Kegan Paul, 1906; Homewood, Ill.: Irwin, 1962. - Dowd & SALSMAN, RICHARD A. - 14th ed. 1914; reprinted 1924. (New Edition.) London, 1931. Reprinted in N. St. John Stevas (ed.) (1978) Collected Works of Walter Bagehot, THE ECONOMIST, vol.9. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BAGEHOT, WALTER, Lombardstreet. Der Weltmarkt des Geldes in den Londoner Bankhäusern. Deutsch von Ottomar Beta, Leipzig 1874. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BAGEHOT, WALTER, Some Articles on the Depreciation of Silver and on Topics Connected With It. London: H. S. King & Co., 1877. Reprinted in The Works of Walter Bagehot, vol. 5, edited by Forrest Morgan. Hartford, Conn.: The Travelers Insurance Co., 1891. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

BAGEHOT, WALTER, The currency monopoly.” (1848) THE PROSPECTIVE REVIEW. Reprinted in Mrs. R. Barrington (ed.) The Works and Life of Walter Bagehot, Longman, Green and Co., vol. 8, pp.146-87. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BAGEHOT, WALTER, The Postulates of English Political Economy. 1885, OLL, 3 MB. http://www.econlib.org/Library/Bagehot/bagPE.html

BAGLEY, DESMOND, The Golden Keel. Fontana/Collins, 23rd. edition, 1979, first published 1963. Mentions on page 63 a gold coin made privately by a bank in Tangier, called the Tangier Hercules. It contains exactly one ounce of fine gold. Sticking to a fixed gold weight, shape and volume makes checking easier and forgeries harder. - J.Z. JZL.

BAGUS, PHILIPP, Australian Business Cycle Theory: Are 100 Percent Reserves Sufficient to Prevent a Business Cycle? Austrian Business Cycle Theory: Are 100 Percent Reserves Sufficient to Prevent a Business Cycle? - Vol. 2 (2010), - Article No. 2 - Online at the Mises Institute. - An exclusive exchange medium, that can be easily hoarded but not easily and cheaply replaced in accordance with the current requirements of exchange media, is bound to lead to some monetary crises. Imagine e.g. theatre, cinema, concert and sports tickets being available on in those numbers whose value can be fully covered with gold coins or gold bullion. Performances, goods, tickets, goods warrants, service vouchers, clearging certicates, goods, services and labor can be at any time considerably increased and they need both sufficiently flexible and sound exchange media, competitively supplied, optional refusable, discountable and using for pricing and such certificates value standards that are good enough and self-chosen rather than imposed.  A single metal (even when it has accumulated for thousands of years and annual production is increasing) and certificates redeemable in it, cannot well enough serve all the time as a flexible and sufficient exchange medium. As anoptional and competitive one one it can serve well enough, both as an exchange medium and as a value standard. - J.Z., 23.5.10.

BAGUS, PHILLLIP: Deflation - When Austrians Become Interventionists. - Vol. 6 Num. 4 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute. - At least not all Austrians are advocates of deflation as if it were harmless and a cure for inflation. - J.Z., 21.2.10.

BAIL, R. J., Inflation and the theory of money. London, G. Allen & Unwin, 1964. - Flamant.

BAILEY, CLEMENT F. Forty-Niners, Sourdoughs and Plain ol' Prospectors." COINS MAGAZINE 19 (September, 1972). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BAILEY, H. C., California's Early Coinages." NUMISMATIST 20 (November, 1907) - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BAILEY, J. D., A Hundred Years of Pastoral Banking: A History of the Australian Mercantile Land and Finance Company. Oxford, 1966. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

BAILEY, MARTIN, The Welfare Cost of Inflation Finance. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 64 (April 1956), pp.93-110. - “This is the classic paper on inflation as a tax.” - Brennan & Buchanan, Monopoly in Money …, 1981.

BAILEY, NORMAN A., Brazil as a Monetary Model. MONETARY TRACT, Number 10. Connecticut: Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Inc., June, 1975. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold. - 22pp. JZL. Hints at 2 periods of freedom for notes issues in Brazil, on pp 6 & 7. - J.Z. - Red Indians in North and South America had much trouble with nature, before the arrival of the “white” man and his “civilization” - but none with a central bank. They, too, will become fully liberated only under full monetary and financial freedom. If they simply claimed the rights and liberties involved within their remaining “reservations”, then they would get many sympathizers and, perhaps imitators, outside of their reservations. That would be one of many start-up options for free banking. - However has a single Indian as yet thought along these lines? Liberties like hunting, fishing, gambling, dancing and crafts are not enough for them. - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BAILEY, SAMUEL, A Critical Dissertation on the Nature, Measures, and Causes of Value; Chiefly in Reference to the Writings of Mr. Ricardo and His Followers. London, R. Hunter. 1825. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BAILEY, SAMUEL, A Defence of Joint-Stock Banks and Country Issues. London, James Ridgway. 1840. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BAILEY, SAMUEL, An Inquiry into those Principles Respecting the Nature of Demand and the Necessity of Consumption lately advocated by Mr. Malthus. London, R. Hunter, 1821. - Thomas Sowell, Say’s Law.

BAILEY, SAMUEL, Money and its Vicissitudes in Value; as they affect National Industry and Pecuniary Contracts: with a Postscript on Joint Stock Banks." London, Effingham Wilson, 1837. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - [Geld und seine Wertveränderung ; wie sie die nationale Industrie und Geldverträge beeinflussen: mit einem Nachtrag über Aktienbanken.] - MARX. Alas, Marx favored freedom neither in production nor in exchange. Instead, he favored the worst

BAILIE, WILLIAM: Josiah Warren: The First American Anarchist. 1906, Boston: Small, Maynard & Co., PEACE PLANS 109-110. See also under Warren.

BAILY, MARTIN NEIL, The Labor Market in the 1930s. in Macroeconomics, Prices, and Quantities: Essays in Memory of Arthur M. Okun (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1983), 23. - data on real wages … - Tyler Cowen, Why Keynesianism Triumphed or, Could so Many Keynesians Have Been Wrong?

BAIN, A. D., The Control of the Money Supply. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1970. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - It should be left to issuers and acceptors! - J.Z., 13.4.10.

BAIN, DONALD, Letter to the Right Honourable Lord Althorp ... on the Settlement of the Charter of the Bank of England, and Regarding the Establishment of Banks Generally. London: Smith Elder. 1833. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BAIRD, WILLIAM, The One Pound Note: Its History, Place, and Power in Scotland, and Its Adaptability for England. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Andrew Baxendine. 1901, 61pp. Andrew Baxendine, 3rd. ed. 1912, 72pp. - Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection & R. Carnaghan.. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BAJER, JAN, Katalog Papirovych Platidel 1848-1849. 1918-1971. Prag 1972. - Albert Pick

BAJER, JAN, Papírová Platidla Ceskoslovenska 1919-1976. Praha 1977. - Albert Pick

BAKER, C. W., Monopolies and the People. 3rd ed., N.Y., 1899. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

BAKER, HENRY F., An Historical Sketch of Banking in the State of Indiana. BANKER'S MAGAZINE, VII, New Series (September, 1857), 161-179. - Rockoff (1975).

BAKER, HENRY F., Banks and Banking in the United States. Boston, 1853, 1854. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BAKER, HENRY F., History of Banking in the United States. BANKERS' MAGAZINE (September, 1856), ii, 321-341. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BAKER, HENRY F., Outline History of Banking in the United States: A Sketch of the Progress of Banking in the Several States of the United States." BANKERS' MAGAZINE AND STATISTICAL REGISTER, IX (July, 1854), 1-16, and XI (August-December, 1856), 81-89, 161-76, 241-56, 321-41, 417-30. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BAKER, JACOB, Report of the Inquiry on Cooperative Enterprise in Europe. 1937, by Jacob Baker, Leland Olds, Charles E. Stuart, Robin Hood, Clifford V. Gregory, Emily Cauthorn Bates - Questia Library - Report of the Inquiry on Cooperative Enterprise in Europe, 1937 - To my knowledge most coop experiments in the money and credit sphere do only deal with the government’s monopoly money. Ulrich von Beckerath advocated cooperative note-issuing centres by all potential issuers of such notes, primarily shopping centres. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

BAKER, JENNIFER, Money is the Product of Virtue: Tensions in Rand’s Invocation of Market Success. - Journal of Libertarian Studies - Vol. 21, No. 4. - Online at the Mises Institute. - As if mints or note printing presses were not needed but just “virtue”, when offering a sound deal in goods, services, labor, ideas or initiative - to earn whatever money is available - even under the money issue monopoly. - J.Z., 23.5.10.

BAKEWELL, JAMES TAYLOR OF -, Mentioned by Henry Meulen. - J.Z.

BAKEWELL, PAUL, Jr., 13 Curious Errors About Money. The Caxton Printers, Ltd., Caxton Press, Caldwell, Idaho, 1962, 216pp.

BAKEWELL, PAUL, Jr., Inflation in the United States. The Caxton Printers, Ltd., Caldwell, Idaho, 1962. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

BAKEWELL, PAUL, Jr., What Are We Using For Money. D. Van Nostrand and Company, Inc., New York, N.Y., 1952. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980. - with index, 306 pp. - “… a legal, economic and moral analysis of the gold question.” - According to a reviewer. - Against fiat money, not for free banking or only within the limits of gold redemption. But he does oppose legal tender. - No less than 4 chapters deal with legal tender. I will have to read at least these. - I am surprised how often the question-mark is omitted in the title even when the formulation of it seems to demand it. - Otherwise, the title should have run: What We Are Using for Money. - J.Z., 11.4.10. - JZL. I read it in the meantime and marked quite a few interesting passages in it for inclusion in my SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY. The book is also, quite rightfully, and with many details and quotes, accusing the Supreme Court for its incompetence, ignorance and prejudices as well as submissiveness to government demands - when it comes to its monetary and currency misjudgments. To my knowledge it has never withdrawn or declared invalid its wrongful and false as well as contradictory “judgments” in this sphere. The highest supposed “leadership” often shows the greatest incompetence - even in democracies! - It is still not exposed to exterritorial competition from communities of volunteers, as it should be. - Then “consumer-sovereignty” would prevail at this level as well. Individuals could then freely secede and choose between all kinds of governments and societies as far as their own affairs are concerned. Under that choice they would tend to learn very fast and their service suppliers would have to learn how to please all of their customers, just like businessmen or they would soon have to go out of business. - Naturally, all educational services would then also be market services and, as such, much better than the present governmental ones. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BALAC, ZORAN, Monetary Inflation’s Effect on Wealth Inequality: An Austrian Analysis. - Vol. 11 Num. 1 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

BALCH, THOMAS, Free Coinage and a self adjusting ratio. Philadelphia 1908. - Max Franzke, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? 1931.

BALD, F. CLEVER, Detroit's First American Decade. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1948. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BALD, F. CLEVER, Michigan in Four Centuries. Rev. ed. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1961. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BALDWIN, JOSEPH G., Party Leaders; Sketches of Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, John Randolph of Roanoke. ... New York, 1855. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BALDWIN, LOAMMI, Thoughts on the Study of Political Economy ... in the United States. Cambridge, Mass., 1809. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BALL & DOYLE, Inflation. (eds.) Penguin, London, 1969. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BALL, J. & BURNS, T., The Inflationary Mechanism in the UK Economy. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, No. 66, 1976. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

BALL, J., BURNS, T., & LAURY, J., The Role of Exchange Rate Changes in the Balance of Payments Adjustment. ECONOMIC JOURNAL, March 1977. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90. - A free exchange rate for competing privately or cooperatively issued notes within a country, their discount and refusal option, their measurement against a sound and self-chosen value standard, do play a similar role - under full monetary and financial freedom, i.e., when there is no kind of forced and exclusive currency, exchange medium, clearing avenue, value standards or government regulated credit system. - Without government interference almost everything between human beings becomes self-regulating or competitively regulated by communities and societies of volunteers doing their own things. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

BALL, J., Money and Employment. Macmillan, London, 1981 (forth-coming). - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

BALL, RAY & BOWERS, JOHN, The Resource Rent Tax: A Penalty on Risk-Taking. CIS, 1984, 20pp, 36x, in PEACE PLANS 720. - Is it much larger, as such, than any other tax? So many people study or try to reform the present tribute gathering system, while so few people do thoroughly explore the voluntary taxation of voluntary contribution alternatives. - J.Z. Some, like e.g. the Georgists and the taxers of smokes, see even a panacea in special taxes! - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BALL, RAY, The Australian Stockbroking Cartel. 20pp, 1984, CIS, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 722. - I am all in favor of reviving “kerb exchanges” and “coffee-house” exchanges. Were as many scandals associated with them as with the monopoly exchanges “supervised” and “regulated” by the State, supposedly in the “public interest”? - J.Z., 11.5.10. - The Australian Labor Party, not the Australian Liberal Party, is presently trying to introduce some competition in this sphere! - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BALLAGH, Economic History of the South. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

BALLANTINE, A. A., Prices According to Law." ATLANTIC MONTHLY, November 1915. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Merely according to legislation, not according to law in its best sense. - The law of diminishing returns applies also to the avalanches of legislation. No one can read them all. Even the largest bureaucracy cannot apply them all. - That may be the best feature of many to most of them! - They are habitually ignored by most. But they can be viciously and discriminatingly applied! - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BALLATINE, A. A., When All the Banks Closed." HARVARD BUSINESS REVIEW, 26 (1948): 129-43. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BALOGH, THOMAS, Germany: An Experiment in 'Planning by the 'Free' Price Mechanism. Blackwell, Oxford, 1950. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Germany’s population, too, was never under free pricing, free enterprise, and free exchange in all spheres! - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BALOGH, THOMAS, Studies in Financial Organization. Cambridge, 1947. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

BALTENSPERGER, ERNST, Alternative Approaches to the Theory of the Banking Firm. JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS 6 (1980): 1-37. - “… a survey of economic literature on the profit-maximizing model of bank behavior, …” - White, Competition & Currency.

BALTENSPERGER, ERNST, Cost of Banking Activities: Interactions Between Risk and Operating Costs. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 4 (Aug. 1972): 595-611. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BALTENSPERGER, ERNST, Economies of Scale, Firm Size, and Concentration in Banking. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 4 (August 1972): 467-88.

BALTENSPERGER, ERNST, The Precautionary Demand for Reserves. 1974. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 64(1) (March). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BALTIMORE SUN, FDIC Chief Puts S&L Bailout at $50 Billion. 4 August 1988, p.Dl. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski.

BALTIMORE SUN, Misconduct Found Rampant in Bank, Thrift Failures. 10 October 1988, p.C2. - Charles A. Hales, The Baltimore Clearing House.

BAMBERGER LUDWIG, Die Zettelbanken vor dem Reichstage. 2. Aufl. Leipzig, 1874. -  - Obst.

BAMBERGER, LUDWIG, Das Schicksal des lateinischen Münzbundes. Ein Beitrag zur Währungspolitik. Berlin 1885. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

BAMBERGER, LUDWIG, Die Stichworte der Silberleute. 3. Aufl. Berlin 1893. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

BAMBERGER, LUDWIG, Geld- und Bankwesen. Berlin 1900. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BAMBERGER, LUDWIG, Reichsgold. Berlin 1876. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen. Auszug in: Diehl & Mombert, Vom Gelde S.52. - Gold belongs to no government, country or empire. It should be in the hands of free citizens rather than their supposed representatives. - J.Z., 25.3.10.

BANCK, RUDOLPH, Geschichte der sächsischen Banken mit Berücksichtigung der Wirtschaftsverhältnisse. Friedrich Wilhelm Universität, Berlin, 1896, Dissertation. - Cameron

BANCO CENTRAL DE CHILE, DIRECCIÓN DE ESTUDIOS, Indicadores económicos y sociales 1960-1985. Santiago, Chile: Central Bank of Chile, 1986. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

BANCO DE LA REPUBLICA, Catalogo de Billetes 1923-1973. Bogota 1973. (Columbia). - Albert Pick

BANCROFT, GEORGE, A Plea for the Constitution of the United States, Wounded in the House of its Guardians. Pamphlet. New York, 1884. Reprinted in SOUND CURRENCY, V. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - 1982, Main part of a Spencer Judd 1983 reprint, without its comments, with a few literature hints. Republished by Harper in 1886, 89pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 731. - JZL.

BANCROFT, GEORGE, Examination of M'Duffie's Report. NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW (1831), xxxii, 21-64. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - McDuffie? M. Duffie? - J.Z.,

BANCROFT, GEORGE, History of the United States. 10 vols. Last revision. N.Y., 1884. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

BANCROFT, GEORGE, Literary and Historical Miscellanies. New York, 1855. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BANCROFT, GEORGE, Martin Van Buren to the End of His Public Career. New York, 1889. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BANCROFT, H. H., History of Utah 1840-1886. San Francisco: By the Author, 1889. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BANCROFT, H. H., History of California. Vol VI, 1848-49. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft and Co. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BANCROFT, H. H., History of Oregon. San Francisco: By the Author, 1886. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BANDOW, DOUG, Kill Big Business's Bank. THE FREEMAN, Dec. 97, 3pp, on Export-Import Bank, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.9. - Just subject it to quite free competition! - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BANFIELD, ERIC-CHARLES, The Spontaneous Order of Money. A review of Monetary Evolution, Free Banking, & Economic Order, by Steven Horwitz, Westview Press, 1992. in FNF archives. This article was published in the Winter 1994-95 issue of FORMULATIONS, a publication of the Free Nation Foundation. From its website copied to J.Z. files. This review originally ran in NOMOS: Studies in Spontaneous Order, No. 45. Copyright (c) 1994 by Banfield Analytical Services.

BANK DEUTSCHER LÄNDER, Notenbank- und Währungsgesetzgebung in der Bundesrepublic Deutschland. Stand: 1. November 1954. - Das Währungsgesetz selbst fehlt hier. - JZL.

BANK, DIE, copies in Freiburg Univ., Historisches Seminar, may contain some essays by the Beckerath circle in the thirties. Or were they only published in BANK ARCHIV? - J.Z.

BANK DIRECTOR, A., An Examination Into the Prospective Effects of the National Banks Upon the Public Welfare. New York: Hall, Clayton and Medole, 1863. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

BANK NOTE REPORTER, Iola, Wisconsin, U.S.A., 1979 (7. Jahrg.) - Albert Pick

BANK OF NEW SOUTH WALES, Commentary on the Proposed Bill for the Establishment of a Central Reserve Bank for Australia. Sydney, [Apr.] 1930. 2nd ed., May 1930. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

BANK OF NEW SOUTH WALES, Correspondence between the Government of New South Wales and the Bank of New South Wales. Sydney, 1885. Continuation of Correspondence between the Government of New South Wales and the Bank of New South Wales, Sydney, 1885. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

BANK OF NEW SOUTH WALES, The Story of Currency in Australia from George III to Elizabeth II. 1954, 1969 fifth ed., 20pp. I have also the 1962 edition. They are somewhat different. - Also on private notes and token money. - J.Z.

BANK, DIE, MONATSHEFTE FÜR FINANZ- UND BANKWESEN. Herausgeber: Alfred Lansburg, 10. Heft, October 1920. Es enthaelt u.a. 3 Aufsaetze: 1.) Alfred Lansburgh, Wechselkurse und "Kaufkraft-Paritäten", 619-631. 2.) Otto Schoele, Die natürlichen Grenzen des bargeldlosen Zahlungsverkehrs, mit Nachwort von A. L., 632-637. 3.) Reichsbank und deutsche Notenbanken im August 1920. - JZL.

BANK, Dr. PAUL, Geld und Währung. Eine gemeinverständliche Darstellung. 3. stark erweiterte Auflage, J. F. Lehmanns Verlag, München, 1932, erste Aufl., 1931. Mit Anmerkungen von Ulrich von Beckerath, vom 24.11.53, über die angeblich nötige Bezahlung von Importen mit „Devisen“, auch einigen handschriflichen Bemerkungen von ihm, die ich noch nicht verfilmt habe. - J.Z., 12.4.10. - JZL.

BANKENQUETE 1908, 3. Bd., Die Hauptvertreter der verschiedenen Richtungne. 4 S. - JZL, photocopy. Wahrscheinlich von Prof. Rittershausen verfasst. Kein Datum, keine Unterschrift. - JZ.

BANKERS MAGAZINE, Baltimore, 1846-1852. New York, 1852. - Carothers

BANKER'S MAGAZINE, THE, (New York). 1847-1864. - Rockoff (1975).

BANKERS RESEARCH, Credit Card Banking - Is It for Us?" Apr. 25, 1967, pp.1-3. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BANKERS TRUST COMPANY OF NEW YORK, Ten-Minute Talks with Workers. (Reprint from the London Times) 1919. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933.

BANKING & INTEREST ON CURRENT DEPOSITS, New York (N.Y.). Committee of Bank Officers, Report on the Subject of Paying Interest on Current Deposits, Presented to the Banks in New-York. http://books.google.com/books?id=ue1xfjJKOlgC  W.H. Arthur, 1858, 23 pages. This title may be of interest to advocates of free banking. - J.Z.

BANKING CODE COMMITTEE, The Bankers Code of Fair Competition. New York, 1933. - Charles A. Hales, The Baltimore Clearing House.

BANKING AND CURRENCY REFORM LEAGUE, THE, A Short Explanation and Statement of Aims of the League. n.d., 8pp, in PEACE PLANS 806. Its president was Arthur Kitson. See KITSON. There is an 8 page prospectus for this league among the Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. - J.Z.

BANKING AND CURRENCY REFORM LEAGUE, THE, A Statement of Principles, London, Letchwirth, 1910. - Cowen & Kroszner.

BANKING, Europe's Reluctant Move Toward Credit Cards." February 1968, pp.45-46. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BANKING, Patman Would Restrict Credit Cards." October 1967, p.28. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BANKING, Washington Looks at Credit Cards." September 1967, pp.63-64. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - Neither the city nor the State so named has eyes and a mind. - J.Z.

BANKS, NOTES, AND SPECIE CONCERNED AS CIRCULATING MEDIUM, Boston: C. C. P. Moody, 1856. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

BANNOCK, G., BAXTER, R. E., & REES, R., A Dictionary of Economics. (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972), 467pp. - (Last few pages not numbered! - Too tired? Knock-off time? - J.Z.) 287 on Macmillan Committee & Report. - White, Competition & Currency.

BANQUE DE FRANCE, La Banque de France et la monnaie. 179 S. - Flamant.

BANQUE DE FRANCE, LOIS ET STATUS, qui régissent la Banque de France. Paris 1906. - Obst.

BANQUE DE FRANCE, Ses opérations à Paris et dans ses succursales. Paris 1908. - Obst.

BANYAI, RICHARD A., Money and Finance in Mexico During the Constitutionalist Revolution 1913-1917. 1976.Tai Wan Enterprise, Taipei. - Peter Bernholz.

BARAN, P A., The Political Economy of Growth. New York 1957. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BARBERY, BERNARD, La Banque de France et le crédit agricole. Paris 1899. - Obst.

BARBON, NICHOLAS, A Discourse concerning Coining the new Money lighter, in answer to Mr. Locke's Considerations about raising the value of money." [Abhandlung über das leichtere Ausprägen des neuen Geldes, als Antwort auf Herrn Lockes Betrachtungen über Hebung des Geld-werts.] London 1696. 77. - MARX. - Discourse of Trade (1690), “republished as part of J. H. Hollander, Reprints of Economic Classics series, University of Baltimore Press (Baltimore, 1905). An excellent discussion of Barbon's thought will be found in both Schumpeter, cited above, and Vickers, (*) … however most histories fail to mention him, much less give him the attention he deserves.” - (*) VICKERS, D., Studies in the Theory of Money 1690-1776, (1959). - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

BARBOUR, Sir DAVID, The Standard of Value. 1912, by Macmillan and Company, Ltd. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935

BARCLAY, HAROLD, Josiah Warren: The Incomplete Anarchist. ANARCHY 85 (March, 1968), 90-96. - Aren’t most anarchists still incomplete in their outlook, as long as they do not include monetary and financial freedom, as well as panarchism in their ideals and platforms? Consistent advocates, who are voluntarists, contractarians, self-government-, self-management- and self-help-people, advocates of freedom to experiment and freedom to associate - to secede, to “ignore” even the State, and to “walk away”, supporters of all individual rights and liberties, including property rights and freedom to exchange, would favor these liberties as well. However, most “anarchists” still don not do this. To that extent they are less consistent than the territorial statists are. Moreover, they still remain unaware of this! - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BARCLAYS BANK, A Banking Centenary (1836-1936). Plymouth, 1938. Privately printed. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BAREAU, PAUL, From Bretton Woods to SDRs. Twelfth Wincott Memorial Lecture 1981. IEA Occasional Paper 61. - 'Mr Bareau calls for a new gold standard and an end to floating exchange rates, maintaining that since the Bretton Woods agreement ended in 1971, "we have moved and are still moving inexorably towards a system of multiple reserve currencies." - ACCOUNTANT

BAREAU, PAUL, The Disorder in World Money from Bretton Woods to SDRs. Twelfth Wincott Memorial Lecture, IEA, Occasional Paper 61, 1981, 29pp. - JZL.

BAREAU, PAUL, The Sterling Area. (2nd Edition). London, 1950. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

BARGER, HAROLD, Neutral Money and the Trade Cycle. 1935. ECONOMICA 2(8) (November). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BARING, Sir F., Observations on the Establishment of the Bank of England. London, 1797. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BARING, Sir F., Observations on the Publication of W. Boyd, Esq., M.P. London, 1801. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BARK, Dr. GEORG R., Boden als Geld, Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Papiergeldes. Berlin, Verlag von Emil Ebering, 1930, 99pp, in PP 813. On attempts to realize a recurring wrong notion, that of “land banks” trying to turn land titles directly into current cash, or currency instead of into transferable capital securities, via mortgages and mortgage letters. - J.Z.

BARKAI, HAIM, Israel's Attempt at Economic Stabilization." JERUSALEM QUARTERLY, Summer 1987, pp.3-20. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

BARKAI, HAIM, The Role of Monetary Policy in Israel's 1985 Stabilization Effort." Working Paper WP/90/29. Washington: International Monetary Fund, April 1990. (b) - Friedman, M., Money Mischief. - (The Role of Monetary Policy in Israel's Stabilization Effort." In Transcript of the Symposium on American-Israel Economic Relations (held June 5-7, 1988). New York: American Israel Economic Corporation, 1990. (a) - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

BARKER, JACOB, Private Banking. New York, 1819. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BARNARD, B. W., The Private Coinage of Gold Tokens in the South and West." THE SOUTH ATLANTIC QUARTERLY 16 (April, 1917). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BARNARD, DANIEL, Speeches and Reports in the Assembly of New York. Albany, 1838. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BARNARD, HARRY, Independent Man: The Life of Senator James Couzens. New York: Scribner's, 1958. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BARNES, H., The Backside of Sweden's Labour Policy." FINANCIAL TIMES SCANDINAVIAN NEWSLETTER, May 1976. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BARNES, J. S., Fascism. (Thornton Butterworth). - Sir Leo Chiozza, Product Money, 1933.

BARNES, JAMES A., Myths of the Bryan Campaign." MISSISSIPPI VALLEY HISTORICAL REVIEW 34 (December 1947): 367-400. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

BARNETT II, William, Comment on Professor Timberlake;s Squared Rule for the Equilibrium Value for the Marginal Utility of Money. - Vol.3, No.1. - Online at Mises Institute.

BARNETT II, WILLIAM, Defense of Fiduciary Media - A Comment; or, What’s Wrong with “Clown” or Play Money? - Vol. 8 Num. 2 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

BARNETT II, WILLIAM, On the Optimum Quantity of Money. - Vol. 7 Num. 1 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute. - Let the market, supply and demand, determine it, for optional market-rated, competing and refusable money and also for their chosen, instead of imposed value standards. - J.Z., 20.2.10. - Issuers and acceptors of all kinds of money should determine what they consider to be the optimal supply of exchange media in their own spheres and see to it that as much but no more is issued and accepted among them, regardless of how others are supplied with exchange media. The simplest indicator for an oversupply of local currency is its first discount against its value standard among others than the issuers. At that moment the issuer, in his own interest, will postpone further issues and more and more people will refuse their notes or accept them only at a discount, to present them rapidly at the issuer and his debtors, who would then still have to accept them at par. Thus the quantity of such notes will be rapidly diminished and with them the discount will disappear. -No mathematical formula is required to determine this quantity, but only good book-keeping on what is ready for sale and also wanted by those, who can afford it. - J.Z., 23.5.10. - Peter H. CANNING refers to it as: Barnett II, W. and Block, W. (2004). On the Optimum Quantity of Money. The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, 7 (1), 39-52.

BARNETT, GEORGE E., State Banks and Trust Companies since the Passage of the National-Bank Act. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1911. - Klebaner

BARNETT, PAUL S., The Crime of 1873 Re-examined. AGRICULTURAL HISTORY 38 (July 1964): 178-81. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

BARNHILL, JOHN BASIL, see EAGLE AND THE SERPENT.

BARNHILL-TICHENER, Debate on Socialism. 1914. - (Bound with volume of The American Anti-Socialist, Donisthorpe et al, Feb. 1912, in Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection.

BAROCKA, E., Unerwünschte Entwicklungstendenzen im Kreditwesen. Frankfurt 1955. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BARRACLOUGH, COLIN, Argentines Cling To Last Pesos - ATMs Empty, Banks All Closed. Special to THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, 26 April 02, http://csmonitor.com/2002/0426/p01s03-woam.html - reproduced in email sent to me on 26.4.02 from MainPage http://www.rense.com - Destiny Worldwide Net rcg@destiny-worldwide.net. - People very fast ran out of cash on hand. - There were and still are people, like Rothbard, who assert that it never happened and could not happen, for they assumed, quite wrongly, that prices, wages, rents etc. would automatically, fast and completely adjust to any amount of currency that would remain in circulation. But then this is just one of the many facts that are all too often ignored in the social “sciences”. - Gold-bugs still assume this for the kind of exclusive currency that they favor. Compare the self-help steps that worked during the currency famine of 1893, according to the report of John DeWitt Warner, The Currency Famine of 1893, in SOUND CURRENCY, 1895 & 1896, offered by me digitized, alas, without the illustrations of the typical clearing house certificates, in money denominations, that were then used. -  J.Z., 25.2.10. - Some are so far “gone” that they do even advocate deflations! As if all processes were reversible, dead could always be revived and if they drove over somebody, killed him, and then reversed over the body, he would spring to life again! Primitive notions and assumptions still dominate in this sphere! - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BARRET, A. R., Modern banking methods and practical bank bookkeeping. New York 1903. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

BARRETT, NANCY SMITH, The Theory of Macroeconomic Policy. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1975. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BARRETT, WALTER, Old Merchants of New York. Five volumes. New York, 1870. - Sobel, The Curbstone Brokers.

BARRINGER, E. L. & MARTIN, GEROLD T. You Have a Choice to Make in ... the Checkless Society." HARDWARE AGE, March 15, 1967. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BARRINGTON, Mrs. RUSSELL, The Works and Life of Walter Bagehot. 10 vols., (ed.) Longman, Green and Co. 1915. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

BARRO, ROBERT J. & GORDON, DAVID B., A Positive Theory of Monetary Policy in a Natural Rate Model." JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 91 (August 1983): 589-610. - White, Competition & Currency.

BARRO, ROBERT J., & GORDON, DAVID B., Rules, Discretion and Reputation in a Model of Monetary Policy.' (1983a): JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS, Vol. 12, (July 1983): pp. 101-21. - DOWD, Private Money.

BARRO, ROBERT J., Bank deregulation, accounting systems of exchange, and the unit of account: a comment on the McCallum Paper.' (1985) CARNEGIE-ROCHESTER CONFERENCE SERIES ON PUBLIC POLICY, 23, pp.47-54. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BARRO, ROBERT J., Inflationary Finance and the Welfare Cost of Inflation. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 80 (Sept.-Oct. 1972): 978-1001. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - Inflationary, monopolistic and coercive steps should no more be honored with the term “financing” than bank-robberies, thefts and embezzlements should be. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

BARRO, ROBERT J., Inflationary Finance under Discretion and Rules." CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 16 (February 1983): 1-16. - White, Competition & Currency.

BARRO, ROBERT J., Long-term contracting, sticky prices and monetary policy.' (1977a) JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS, 3, pp. 305-16. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BARRO, ROBERT J., Money and the price level under the gold standard. (1979) ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 89, pp.13-33. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BARRO, ROBERT J., Rational Expectations and the Role of Monetary Policy. JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS 2 (June 1976): 1-32. - Richard E. Wagner, Politics, Central Banking, and Economic Order.

BARRO, ROBERT J., Recent Developments in the Theory of Rules Versus Discretion. THE ECONOMIC JOURNAL, Vol. 96, Supplement: Conference Papers, pp. 23-37, 1986. - Gonzalo Schwarz

BARRO, ROBERT J., Unemployment and unanticipated money growth in the US. (1977b) American Economic Review, 67, pp. 105-15. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BARRO, ROBERT J., United States Inflation and the Choice of Monetary Standard. in Inflation: Causes and Effects, ed. Robert E. Hall (Chicago: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1982), 109. - White, Competition & Currency.

BARROW, G. L., The Emergence of the Irish Banking System, 1820-1845. Dublin, Gill and Macmillan, 1973. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BARRY, NORMAN P., Austrian Economists on Money and Society. NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK QUARTERLY REVIEW (May 1981): 20-31. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - JZL., photocopy.

BARRY, NORMAN P., Hayek’s Social and Economic Philosophy. London, Macmillan, 1979, chapter 8. - Norman P. Barry.

BART., K.O., Standing Counsel to the Institute of Bankers, Gilbart Lecturer on Banking. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947.

BARTER AMERICA, Thriving Without Money, Back to Barter: The New Way to Beat Inflation. 2pp, 1981, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 865.

BARTER HOOK-UP, E-mail of 23.1.02: barterhookup@yahoo.com , 1/2p, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.581.

BARTER, DAS WIRTSCHAFTSMAGAZIN FÜR VERRECHNUNGSGESCHÄFTE, Nr. 1, 1989, 36 S., sample only, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 912. In very small print. Use larger that 29x magnification lenses!

BARTH, HANS JOSEF, Zum Einfluss der schleichenden Inflation auf das wirtschaftliche Wachstum. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr 1969. - Flamant. - Die Inflation ist so wenig „schleichend“ dass sie sogar in allen ihren Voraussetzungen, hauptsächlich dem Emissionsmonopol und ihrem Zwangskurs, in allen Ländern sorgfältig legitimiert wurde, zum Missbrauch der Zentralbanken aller Regierungen. Ein Dieb oder Unterschlager mag sich einschleichen, aber er erklärt sich nicht im voraus and legitimisiert seine Verbrechen nicht durch entsprechende Gesetzgebung. Auch die Steuerräuber und Tributaufleger haben ihre Verbrechen gesetzlich geschützt, unter allerlei Vorwänden. Der monetäre Despotismus ist keine schleichende Sache. Wir sollten endlich alle solche Verbrechen und die Schuldigen richtig bezeichnen, statt sie wieder und wieder als angebliche Helfer und Schützer für uns zu wählen. - J.Z., 11.3.10.

BARTH, JAMES R. & REGALIA, M. A., The evolving role of regulation in the savings and loan industry. (1988) in C. England and T. Huertas (eds), The Financial Services Revolution, The Cato Institute, Ch.6. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BARTH, JAMES R. & WIEST, P. R. Consolidation and Restructuring of the US Thrift Industry under the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act. Research Paper 89-01, 1989, Washington, D.C.: Office of Thrift Supervision, Department of the Treasury. - Dowd

BARTH, JAMES R., BARTHOLOMEW, P. R. & LABICH, C. J., Moral Hazard and the Thrift Crisis: an Analysis of 1988 Resolutions. RESEARCH PAPER 160, Washington, D.C.: Federal Home Loan Bank Board, 1989. - Dowd

BARTH, JAMES R., The Great Savings and Loadn Debacle. Washington, D.C., American Enterprise Institute, 1991. - George G. Kaufman.

BARTLETT, B. R., The Keynesian Revolution Revisited. - CMRE Monographs No.20.

BARTLETT, BRUCE, The Great German Inflation. THE FREEMAN, a publication of The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc., June 75, Vol. 25, No. 6.  - 6pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.12. - At the time of the original publication, Mr. Bartlett was a graduate student in history at Georgetown University. - All issues of THE FREEMAN are now online at the Mises Institute. - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BARTON HEPBURN, A., A History of Currency in the United States. 10pp extract from the rev. ed., N.Y., Macmillan, 1924, dealing with the issue of clearing house certificates during the currency famines of 1893 & 1907, in PEACE PLANS 795.

BARTON, F. R., Nickel Coinage. London, 1927. - Carothers, Fractional Money.

BARTON, WILLIAM, Observations on the Nature and Use of Paper Credit. Philadelphia, 1781. [Barton, William.] - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BARTON, WILLIAM, The True Interest of the United States, etc. Philadelphia, 1786. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BASEVI, G.; CLAASSEN, E. M.; SALIN, P. & THYGESEN, N., OPTICA Report 75 "Vers l'équilibre économique et l'unification monétaire en Europe." (II/909/75-F) and OPTICA Report 76 (by G. BASEVI, P. SALIN, H.E. SCHARRER, N. THYGESEN & P. De GRAUWE), "Inflation et taux de change: aspects empiriques et propositions de politique économique dans la Communaute Européenne." (11/855/76), expert reports prepared for the Commission of the European Communities. - Pascal Salin, European Monetary Unity: For Whose Benefit? 1980.

BASEVI, GIORGIO; FRATIANNI, MICHELE; GIERSCH, HERBERT; KORTEWEG, PIETER; O'MAHONY, DAVID; PARKIN, MICHAEL; PEETERS, THEO; SALIN, PASCAL; THYGESEN, NIELS, The All Saints' Day Manifesto for European Monetary Union: A Currency for Europe.", in: THE ECONOMIST, London, November 1, 1975, pp.33-38. - Pascal Salin, European Monetary Unity: For Whose Benefit? 1980.

BASHING, D. L. & COMPANY, History of the City of Denver, Arapahoe County, Colorado. Chicago: Historical Publishers, 1880. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BASLER, ROY P., The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. ed. New Brunswick, N. J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1953. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

BASS, ROBERT, Book Review of The Debates of LIBERTY: An Overview of Individualist Anarchism, 1881-1908. - Vol. 19 Num. 3 - Journal of Libertarian Studies - Online at the Mises Institute.

BASSETT, JOHN SPENCER, Correspondence of Andrew Jackson. ed. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institute of Washington, 1931. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

BASSETT, JOHN SPENCER, Life of Andrew Jackson, 2 vols. in 1. New York, 1916, 1928. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. + Remini.

BASSETT, JONES, Debt and Production. New York, 1933. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BASSETT, JONES, Horses and Apples. New York, 1934. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BASTER, A. S. J., The Imperial Banks. London, 1929. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

BASTER, A. S. J., The Lessons of Foreign Experience. ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE 171 (January 1934) 5-16. - Wells & Scruggs.

BASTIAN, E., Banktechnisches für junge Juristen und Volkswirtschaftler. 2. Aufl. Stuttgart 1920. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Capital and Interest. - Capital and Interest (1849)

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Gratuité du credit, 1850, OLL, 8.6 MB.

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Briefe über Kapital und Zins. herausgegeben von Arthur Muelberger, 1896, PEACE PLANS 617. (Letzter Brief fehlt in dieser Ausgabe. Sie soll, nach Ulrich von Beckerath, auch nicht so gut sein wie die von Bastiat. - J.Z.)

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Capital & Interest. 48 pp, in Essays on Political Economy, London, Bennet, no date, in PEACE PLANS 484 & 547. (His controversy with Proudhon, on the same theme, Capital and Interest, in Bastiat's own edition, is wanted in English or German by me. J.Z.)

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Economic Harmonies. The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc., Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y., 1964. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Economic Sophisms. The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc., Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y. 1964. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Essays on Political Economy, including: Capital & Interest, 48pp, What Is Money? 37pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 547.

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Harmonies économiques. 1850, OLL, 22.8 MB.  ``Harmonies Économiques´´, par Frédéric Bastiat, 1850 - Bastiat a parfaitement compris ce qu'est la Liberté.  Economic Harmonies (1850)

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Maudit Argent. 1849  http://bastiat.org/fr/maudit_argent.html  

BASTIAT. FREDERIC, Oeuvres completes de Frédéric Bastiat. 7 vols., 1854, OLL, 149 MBs! (A lot of memory for high technology. I reproduced a 6 volume edition, from the 2nd and 4th edition, 1860, 1862, on only 6 microfiche. - J.Z.) Vol. IV, Sophismes économiques et petits pamphlets I. (1854)

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Selected Essays on Political Economy. The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc., Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y., 1964. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980. (Harry Browne mentions also a Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York edition.)

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, State Credit. Chapter VIII of: Things seen and things not seen, abridged from the translation by Dr. Hodgson, 1852, 5pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.718.

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, The Law. The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc., Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y., 1950, 1956. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, What Is Money? - Vol. 5 Num. 3 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute. FB entry made. What is Money? (PDF file)

BASTIAT, FREDERIC, Works. complete, but, alas, only in French, from the 1854-1962 edition, 6 volumes, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 660-665. - It contains his famous discussion with Proudhon on interest. Has anyone ever finalized this discussion - on both sides? - That could or should now be done e.g. via “argument mapping” - J.Z. - Are all his writings now online, in at least French, English and German? - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BATCHKER, NATHAN A., Instalment Credit Computations for Yields, Charges, Rebates and Earnings. Boston: Bankers, 1963. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BATEMARCO, ROBERT, Central Banks, Gold, and the Decline of the Dollar. THE FREEMAN, 11/95, 6pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.19.

BATEMARCO, ROBERT, Commentary on Rashiod’s “Rothbard on Money: A Critical Text Exegesis.” - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Vol. 3, No. 3. - Online at the Mises Institute.

BATERI, THEOPHILI SIGEFRIDI, Regiomontani de Numis Romanis in Agro Prussico, &c. Lipsiae, 1722. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BATT, ROBERT, Money: Currency’s Circuits. Reprint of the record of a 1998 land-theory discussion. Georgist. 1998, Book I, 6p., in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.696. - It seems to be only a plan for 2 books, possibly never written. With some hints towards monetary freedom. See: www.cooperativeindividualism.org/battrobert_money.html - - Google provides also a very long-stringed URL: Something like: http://au.wrs.yahoo.com/_ylt=AOoGK28qSYZLOoBrMOL5gt.;_ylu= If that is the correct URL, for the completed two volumes, then I understand why the supposedly free websites for book titles that have to be thus “spelled-out” are never likely to be very popular for searchers, unless one can simply copy such a long URL or click on a shorter name for it. - I did not find the then planned 2 books, finished and online. Try your luck. - J.Z., 25.2.10.

BATTELLE INSTITUT, VAN BUIREN: New Information Technologies and Small-Scale Job Creation in the USA, with Politicy Recommendations Applicable to the European Context. 1984. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de - (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

BAUGHMAN, JAMES P., Early American Checks: Forms and Functions. Business History Review, XLI (Winter, 1967), 421-35. - Temin.

BAUGHN, WILLIAM H. & WALKER, CHARLES E., The Bankers' Handbook. eds. Homewood: Dow Jones-Irwin, 1966. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - A handbook for free banking is, alas, still missing. - J.Z., 4.4.10.

BAUM, E. L. et al, Capital and Credit Needs in a Changing Agriculture. eds. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1961. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BAUMANN, HORST & FALKENSTEIN, LORENZ, Die Volksbanken und Raiffeisenbanken. Taschenbücher für Geld, Bank und Börse, herausgegeben von Prof. Dr. Ph. Möhring & Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen, Fritz Knapp Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 1976, 122 S. - JZL.

BAUMGARDNER, RAYMOND C., Our World Without Money - Why and How. 485 pp. - THE EAGLE’S EYE, An Aquila Publication, Feb. 1968. - “This is a 485-page book dealing with the whole spectrum of money and private banking. Aquila recommends this book to every serious student of the money question. Mr. Baumgardner not only gives every evidence of being a dedicated man in the service of mankind but his book reveals that he has a thorough understanding of the evils of private banking. Those who wish a copy can obtain one by sending $6.00 to Raymond C. Baumgardner, Av. Vallarta 2839 No. 1001, Guadalajara, Jal., MEXICO.” (1968!) - Such books can also serve, I believe, at least as deposits of popular errors, myths, prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions, which, if properly combined, alphabetically sorted and confronted with their best refutations, could do much to spread enlightenment on money, value standards, free exchange etc. It is too difficult and laborious to deal with each author and book and their remaining flaws separately. Moreover, no one has as yet all the best answers already in his head or in his references. - J.Z., 26.3.10.

BAUMGARTEN, Philosophische Betrachtungen zum Band und Börsenwesen. Graz, 1903. - Siegfried Hirsch, Die Bank, 1923.

BAXTER, W.T., Accounting in Colonial America. In: Studies In The History of Accounting, ed. by A. C. Littleton and Basil S. Yamey, London. Sweet & Maxwell, 1956. - Cowen & Kroszner.

BAXTER, W.T., The Accountant's Contribution to the Trade Cycle." ECONOMICA (May 1955): 99-112. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

BAXTER, WILLIAM T., FABRICANT, SOLOMON, et al., Economic Calculation Under Inflation. Indianapolis: Liberty Press: 1976. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BAYER, Prof. E.. Gold from the Oceans. In CHEMISTRY, Vol. 37, No. 10, October, 1964. - Timothy Green, The World of Gold Today.

BAYLEY, RAFAEL, A., The National Loans of the United States from July 4, 1776, to June 30. 1880," in U. S. Census, Tenth, VII (Washington, 1881). - Temin. - Is there a better definition for government securities than: “investments in tax slaves”? - J.Z., 2.5.10.

BAYLEY, W. A., History of the Farmers and Settlers' Association of New South Wales. Sydney, 1957. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

BAYRISCHE VEREINSBANK, Zeittafel des Geldes. 1974, 4pp, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 739. (I would like to see a time-table of legal tender introductions & repeals and of the inflations in-between. - J.Z.)

BAZELON, DAVID T., The Paper Economy. New York: Vintage Books, 1963. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BÁZLIK, Dr. Lászió Gy., Ungarische Banknoten 1926-1975. Berlin 1975. - Albert Pick. - Hungary might still hold the record for the degree of inflation „achieved“. - J.Z., 2.5.10.

BCI JOURNAL, 1. Jahrgang, Nr. 1, August 1988, 32 S., in German, in fine print. Sample only, in PEACE PLANS 912. Use higher than 29x, magnification!

BEACH, W. E., British International Gold Movements and Banking Policy 1881-1913. Cambridge, Mass., 1935. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BEALE, W. T. M., Jr., KENNEDY, M. T. & WINN, W. J., Commodity Reserve Currency: A Critique." 1942. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 50 (August). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BEARCE, ROBERT G., John Witherspoon: Disciple of Freedom. THE FREEMAN, May 77, 9pp, in PEACE PLANS 806. - - As if there had been a live teacher, named “freedom”. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BEARD, CHARLES A., Economic Origins of Jeffersonian Democracy. New York, 1915. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BEASLEY, F. R., Open Market Versus Pooling in Australia. Sydney, 1928. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

BEAUCHAMP, ALPHONSE de, Histoire du Brésil. Paris, 1815, 3 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BEAUFORT, R. LEDOS De, L'Achèvement et l'Application de la Réforme Monétaire de la Russie. Paris, 1899.

BEAZLEY, KIM, The Labor Party and the Origin of the Commonwealth Bank. AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF POLITICS AND HISTORY, Vol. IX, No. 1, May 1963, pp. 27-38. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - Has any of the Labor Party politicians ever read a book on free banking? - I doubt it. - J.Z., 23.4.10.

BECHARA, DENNIS, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Law. Bankruptcy law as a government intervention. THE FREEMAN, Sep. 1986, pp.352-356.

BECHER, IRVING, Monetary and Fiscal Thought and Policy in Canada, 1919-1939. 1957. Toronto, University of Toronto Press. - Selgin. - Only as far as the territorial Statists are concerned. The policies, methods, means and institutions of the dissenters in the spheres of economic, political and social systems remain largely suppressed even in the most democratic territorially ruled populations, even when they are proposed only for the volunteers of the dissenting groups. - J.Z., 13.6.10.

BECHER, JAMES F., The Corporation Spirit and its Liberal Analysis. JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF IDEAS, vol. XXX, January/June 1969. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BECK, WILLIAM, Money and Banking, or their Nature and Effects Considered; together with a Plan for the Universal Diffusion of their Legitimate Benefits Without their Evils, by a citizen of Ohio. Cincinnati, 1839. - (self-published) - James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Before: Anonymously published in Ohio, 1830. - Miller. - Recommended by Greene as forerunner of mutual banking: Mr. Beck, as Greene said "thought out a Mutual Bank by generalizing credit in account; Proudhon, by generalizing the bill of exchange." - Rocker, Pioneers, …, p.114. Should be in some Cincinnati library. - This may be the first clear exposition and explanation of the clearing process in the English language. - Or at least the first project for a clearing bank to become independent of the supply of rare metal coins, using them only as value standards. How many and much older e.g. Chinese texts are there on this subject? - J.Z.

BECK, WILLIAM, Prospectus of the United States General Balancing Office: An Effectual Substitute for Money and Banking. Cincinnati, n.d. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - An early 19th century proposal for a clearing bank. Hopefully, it is online by now. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BECKER, GARY S. & BAUMOL, WILLIAM J., The Classical Monetary Theory: The Outcome of the Discussion. Essays in Economic Thought, ed. Joseph J. Spengler and William R. Allen (Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1960), pp.753-71. - “A careful analysis of modern and classical meanings of Say's Law.” - Thomas Sowell, Say’s Law.

BECKER, GARY S., A Proposal for Free Banking. (manuscript, 1957). - White, Competition & Currency. - Chicago, 1957. (Mimeographed). - Unpublished Materials, - Rockoff (1975). - While all monetary freedom writings would, by now, fit onto a large but cheap disc, all too many may be still unpublished or long out of print and inaccessible to most interested people in most places, most of the time and they may not yet be offered online or via email attachments by someone. One should imagine that all people in favor of really free exchange would have seen to it that all such texts are easily, cheaply and permanently accessible to anyone interested in them. Is it too late for such an effort? I read today about Russian cruise missiles that are contained and transportable by trucks, railways and ships in ordinary containers! - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BECKER, H., Kommentar zum Schweizerischen Zivilgesetzbuch. Bd. VI, Obligationenrecht, 1. Abt., 2. Aufl., Bern 1941; 2. Abt., Bern 1932. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BECKER, THOMAS W., The Coin Makers. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1969. - DOTY (1978).

BECKERATH, HERBERT von, Die Markvaluta. (Dr.) Jena, Verlag von Gustav Fischer, 1920, 37 S. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen. - Untertitel: „Über die Notwendigkeit, die Valutafrage nicht als reines Geld- und Aussenhandelsproblem, sondern nach ihrem Zusammenhang mit der Hebung der Güterproduktion zu behandeln; and über die Notwendigkeit der Stabilisierung des Marktkurses auf einem devalvierten Stande.“ - Nur Photokopie. H. v. B. war damals Privatdozent an der Universität Freiburg i. B. und einer von zwei Bruedern, Erich und Herbert, wenn ich mich recht erinnere, mit denen er gelegentlich korrespondierte, die aber seine Geldfreiheitsideen und libertäre Ideen, e.g. über Panarchismus, nicht teilten. Ich habe sie nie bei ihm angetroffen oder versucht Kontakt mit ihnen zu machen. Vielleicht hatte U.v. Bth. auch eine oder mehrere Schwestern. Ich weiss das nicht. - J.Z., 4.3.10. Einer ihrer Ahnen war ein Banker in Krefeld, dem es gelang z.B. Zinskupons als Zahlungsmittel an diejenigen zu verwenden, kurz bevor sie diese in bar hätten einlösen müssen. Durch solche und ähnliche Verrechnungsmassnahmen, mit alternativen Zahlungsmitteln, hatte er sich ein Vermögen erworben. Auf den Ahnen war U. v. Bth. daraufhin stolz.

BECKERATH, HERBERT von, Kapitalmarkt und Geldmarkt. Eine ökonomische Studie. [Dr.] IX, 198 S., 1916, Gustav Fischer in Jena. Nur 1 S. Inhaltsangabe und 2 Besprechungen als Anzeige in seinem 1920 Buch: Die Markvaluta. - Wenigstens hat er diese beiden Märkte klar unterschieden. Zu viele wollen immer noch Kapitalpapiere direkt in Währungsgeld umwandeln, statt sie nur für Währungsgeld zu verkaufen oder mit Währungsgeld zu kaufen. Aber die Ideen der Geldfreiheit und die anarchistischen und panarchistischen Ideen von seinem Verwandten - Bruder (?), Ulrich von Beckerath, teilte er nicht. Otherwise, U. v. Bth. would have told me.. - J.Z., 4.3.10.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, 14.5.1882 - 28.2.1969: In my personal and, perhaps, biased opinion, still the most thorough thinker and writer on the subject. I once counted over 200 social reform proposals that he had made. Alas, he did not have access to conventional publishers and periodicals. (With very few exceptions.) In spite of their quality, his writings are still largely unknown or unread, perhaps because of this. - Some of them are now on www.reinventingmoney.com - It was my good fortune to get to know him personally from 1952 to 1959, and to have have some letter exchanges with him and get much material from him, which I took to Australia in 1959. I have also got his copyrights and, in accordance with his thinking, have thrown all his writings in the open domain. - He was a long-term individualist anarchist, in the B. R. Tucker tradition, and a voluntary, i.e., cooperative socialist. As the latter and as a free banking advocate he tried, in vain, to influence the German SPD, for over 50 years, until he finally gave up on it, in disgust. He was a banking, mathematician, statistician, insurance and building society expert, although, probably, only self-taught. He also made the most realistic peace proposals that I know of. - - To be appreciated only by a few, as Laotse remarked, belongs to his value. - Eckard Düwal, a Berlin antiquarian, inherited his remaining books and papers, always wanted to do something about his inheritance - but was so far always all too busy with his second-hand bookshop. - I find the case of Düwal almost typical. So many of the most important jobs remain still undone, by people too busy otherwise. I wrote a book on this recently, not written very well, admittedly. In it I do list many of the still all too neglected jobs, which, by remaining undone, prevent sufficient enlightenment and liberation. However, Gian Piero de Bellis, on his www.panarchy website, has recently and very well summarized it, in a much more legible form than my long and digitized book manuscript. -I would gladly send my full and long version, too, as working copy, in a zipped email attachment, to anyone interested, until it appears online or on a disc. - At my age I may never get around to sufficiently edit it myself. - Anyhow, many other people are better at this than I am. - I make no copyrights claims for any of my writings. - Ulrich von Beckerath, in his extensive and prolonged correspondence, which, alas, was mostly destroyed with his library in Nov. 1943, did very frequently discuss monetary, currency and panarchistic questions and solutions. Thus I have digitized most of it that was accessible to me. Largely only his correspondence with Egon Kortmann still remains un-digitized by me or others, like T.M. - I have translated into English only a few of his papers and letters. - One person can only do so much. - J.Z., 11.2.10.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, & MEULEN, HENRY, Correspondence, incomplete, on Free Banking by two major writers on Free Banking, book-length: www.butterbach.net/epinfo/instead.htm - B.'s only letter exchange conducted in English - to my knowledge. - J.Z.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, 67 kritische Anmerkungen von Ulrich von Beckerath, typisch für ihn, aber hier undatiert, zu einer Denkschrift, Autor X. nicht genannt, auf 9 S., zum Thema Geldfreiheit und Währung, Inflation, Deflation, Reichsbank, Steuerfundationsgeld, Einlösung, Vier Gesetzentürfe, Annahmezwangs und Zwangskurs, Notenemissionsmonopol, Ablehnungsrecht, Reichskassenscheine, Staatsdefizit, Inzahlungnahem statt metallische Einlösung, Geldmenge reguliert durch freien Pari-Kurs, Umlaufsgeschwindigkeit, Güterangebot, Statistik, schon sehr vorsichtig geschrieben, nach Hitler’s Machtübernahme im Jahre 1933. - JZL, photocopy.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, A Program for the Immediate Abolition of Unemployment. 7pp, 1933, in PEACE PLANS 544.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, A Summary of the Teachings of the German School on Money: Some Principles of Monetary Theory Represented by Rittershausen, Milhaud, Zander, and others. 7 pages, by Ulrich von Beckerath, Berlin, 1952, translated by John Zube & published as a leaflet in 1977. Peace Plans Text, file: PP41 93-98. JZem - Since a Swiss professor, and at least one Jewish Lawyer were also involved, it would be more accurate to call it the Swiss, Jewish and German School of Monetary Freedom. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Absatz und Zahlungsmittel. Entwurf, 2 S., entweder von Bth. oder von Ramin. PEACE PLANS, Beckerath papers, pp. 325/326. Dr. Ramin’s Entwurf vom 25.2.52 bezieht sich auf diesen Entwurf. - J.Z.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an ACKERMANN, WERNER, 8.6.60, 2 S., 9.6.60, 2 S., 2.7.60, 2 S., JZL, photocopies. In German. The second one brings some details on the financing of a German opera house in London, through one of his friends, Anna Meinberg, by the sale of advance tickets, in whole batches, printed together, perforated, for a whole period, with some suggestions by B. for further improving this system. I read somewhere that some sports grounds in South America were similarly financed. The third letter deals somewhat with monetary freedom and corresponding rights of citizens and a bank ob associated shops, issuing shop foundation money. “Die monetäre Emanzipation ist die wichtigste von allen, aber nur von sehr wenigen Sozialreformern ernstlich erwogen worden.” Otherwise this correspondence is of interest to panarchists. - J.Z., 7.7.10.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an Burschtyn 1 2 3, in German, 1,753 Mbs, zipped 520 Kbs., Inhaltsverzeichnis 77 Kbs, 27 Kbs. zipped. - Jzem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an CINCINNATI FREIE PRESS, in Deutsch, 7.3.51, über Desertationsplan, Kriegsgefangenenbehandlung, gerechte Kriegsziele, Kriegführung, Gegenregierungen, Barzahlung, Separatfriedensschlüsse, Haager Konvention, Völkerrecht. - 12 Punkte in 4 Seiten. Auf die richtigen Ideen und Institutionen kommt es an. Alles andere ist zweitranging. - J.Z., 16.2.04. Akte: Bth 51 03 07 Cin Freie Presse Des

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an Dr. Fritz RUNGE, Heidelberg, 1943-1959, 7 files, total of 3.81 Mbs RTF, zipped 753 Kbs. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an Dr. Mann, 29.9.1957, 5 S., in PEACE PLANS 804. - A significant segment of this letter, containing 8 major points of Beckerath's liberation program, on human rights, especially economic rights, has been translated into English. - PEACE PLANS 589/90, 617 & 804.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an Dr. Oswald HAHN, 1960, über Geldfreiheit, 209 Kbs RTF, Akte: Bth an Hahn, 60 6 19 & 21, Jzem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an Dr. Runge, 21.6.1956, 3 S., in PEACE PLANS 804.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an Dr. Runge, Letters, 3.81 MB in RTF, 753 KB zipped. - JZem.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an E. ARMAND, 6.5.51, über Geldfreiheit, 3 S., Akte: Bth 51 05 06 an Armand.rtf, nur 3 S, aber, wie viele seiner Briefe, schwerwiegend. JZem. - The freedom aspect most ignored by most Anarchists. - 114 Kbs in RTF. J.Z., 26.7.07.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an FOERSTER, Dr. E., Wien, 28.8.33, mit Anmerkungen über das Eisenbahngeld, 18 KBs., in my first CD, folder: D FB condensed, file: FBUlrich von Beckerath Anmerkungen ueber Eisenbahngeld. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an Frau M. VIERKANDT, 1694 Kbs RTF, 332 Kbs zipped. In German, on monetary freedom, peace and social reform. - JZem. Somewhat revised 7.7.10, in Word, 937 KB.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an MILHAUD, Prof. Edgard, 9.1.1951, 2 S., 23.9.91, 3 S., 11.7.52, 1 S.: JZL, photocopies.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an NAUMANN, 23.1.1957, in English translation by J.Z.,12.3.1985, dealing with free banking, purchase of enterprises and an ideal militia, 47 KB. Alas, I have still not got around to pull together and digitize all his letters to him. - J.Z., 7.7.;10.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an SCHNEIDER, 1952, 116 Kbs, über Geldfreiheit & SPD. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, an Walker, 1954, 234 Kbs, 63,5 Kbs zipped. JZ email

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Anmerkungen zum Eisenbahngeld, in einem Brief an Dr. Foerster, 28.8.1933, in PP 741/42.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Annahmezwang papierner Zahlungsmittel in USA. 1 S. Notiz, vom 12.3.33.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Aphorismen zum Geldproblem. 1931, with English translation: Aphorisms on the money problem, leaflet, in Peace Plans 428ff, S. 287 & Peace Plans 586/587.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Aphorisms on the Money Problem, a mere 2 pages, but pregnant with meaning, 6 Kbs, translated by John Zube. The German original was 1932 in BANKWISSENSCHAFT. It was previously filmed in PP 587/588. Whole books on money may bring less truthful statements. - J.Z., 13.7.04. JZem.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Aphthonius Schema & Geldfreiheit, 8 S., 128 Kbs. Akte: Bth, 64 06 01. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Artikel in Bankwissenschaft, Heft 17, S. 584-585 &, before 5.3.31, pages 809-813.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Artikel über Versicherung, Wertbeständigkeit, Zins, Bausparkassen und Geldfreiheit, 1925-1936. 96pp, PEACE PLANS 337.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Aus der Volkswirtschaftslehre. in "FRAGEN UND ANTWORTEN", Herausgeber Dr. W. Jaeneke, Berlin, Nos. 1-8, 1935.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Banknoten sind typisierte Wechsel und ihre Sicherung gegen Inflation. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S.196.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Berlin Program, 1953, in PP 41, in English. In German in the Beckerath papers in PEACE PLANS 428ff. (Formally by the Berliner Gesellschaft von 1952 zur Bekämpfung der Ursachen der Arbeitslosigkeit - but B. was its main writer, spokesman, and secretary.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Berlin Programm, 1953, 1983, 22 S. Programm der Berliner Gesellschaft von 1952 zur Bekämpfung der Ursachen der Arbeitslosigkeit. Wichtig über z.B. Geldfreiheit. Recently digitized together with the Protocols of this Society. English translation, 21 pages, in PEACE PLANS 41, 22 pages, 98 Kbs RTF. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Betr.: Die Gründung der neuen Hypothekenbank. (Herrn Dr. Rittershausen.) 2 S. Notiz vom 14.9.1933.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Betrifft: Nächste Sitzung, die nach dem Vorschlag von Herrn Dr. Ramin am Dienstag, the 14.3.33 stattfinden soll. 1 S., 8.3.33. - Aus den Papieren über die Vier Gesetzentwürfe. - J.Z.L. - Über Zahlungsversprechen als riskante Termingeschäefte oder Leerverkäuf, die ein Reugeld oder eine Rücktrittsprämie erfordern.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Brief an Dr. Mann, 29.9.57, mit 8 Punkten über Menschenrechte, insbesondere wirtschaftliche Rechte, with English translation: 8 Points on Human Rights, in PEACE PLANS 589/90 & 617.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Briefe. Eine Zusammenstellung. 9 03, 437 Kbs, 91 zipped. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Collected Writings, mostly in German: PEACE PLANS No 429, , early ones, 55 items from the second microfiche reproducing his writings in a large batch of microfiche, 127 pages, on HD, file PEACE PLANS 429, 997 Kbs. RTF. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Comments on Proudhon's monetary ideas, in PEACE PLANS 292.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Contents list of my 1983 compilation of Bth papers reproduced by me on microfiche. Most of these texts are still only offered in German & I am working on digitizing these and additional papers. But the contents list gives at least an indication of those letters and papers that I had already microfiched then. 1098 Kbs, zipped down to 136. It is a working list, with some items copied and added together at the end for easier comparison with the additional material that I have now on hand. - J.Z., 13.7.04. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Créer du Travail Doit-il Necessairement coûter de l'Argent?, Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1935, 161pp, PEACE PLANS 334.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Das Gold als Wertmesser, als Zahlungsmittel und als Kapital. WIRTSCHAFTS-BERICHT, Deutsche Festmark-Bank, Berlin, 15.2.1932, 4 S., 29x, PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 318.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Declaration about the Rights of the Unemployed to Exchange, to Supply themselves with Job Opportunities and to Undertake all Monetary and Financial Measures Justified and Required for this Purpose. 1951, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 545.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Reichsbankausweis, Aus Volkswirtschaft und Statistik, "WAEHRUNG UND WIRTSCHAFT", 31.1.1925, 7pp, 29x, pages 128ff, in PEACE PLANS 428ff,

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Zins als Ausgleichsbetrag. "HEIM UND SCHOLLE", Dezember 1930, 4pp, 24x, in PP 337.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Zins bei Bausparkassen. " HEIM UND SCHOLLE ", November 1930, 13pp, 24x, in PEACE PLANS 337.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Der Zins und das Recht auf den vollen Arbeitsertrag. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 2199.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Durchführung der Vorschläge von Milhaud. ANNALEN DER GEMEINWIRTSCHAFT, Heft 1, 1934, auch als Sonderdruck, in PEACE PLANS 357/358. English translation, 24x, in PEACE PLANS 9. 133 Kbs. zipped 634 Kbs. in RTF. For an edited version see: www.reinventingmoney.com

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Gewährung langfristiger Kredite nach dem Verrechnungsprinzip. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 814.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Sicherheit der Goldwährung. Die Aufhebung der Geldentwertungsklausel. Aufrechnung unter Friedrich dem Grossen: Aus Volkswirtschaft und Statistik, in: "WÄHRUNG UND WIRTSCHAFT", Mitteilungsblätter der Deutschland Versicherungs AG., 2.1.1925, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 120.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Die Sicherung der Kaufkraft des Geldes by Bausparkassen. HEIM UND SCHOLLE, October 1930, Berlin, 1930, 9pp, 24x, in PEACE PLANS 337.

BECKERATH, ULRICH VON, Does the Provision of Employment Necessitate Money Expenditure? The financing of public works without recourse to the money market, as proposed in the Milhaud Plan; with remarks on the latter. ANNALS OF COLLECTIVE ECONOMY, edited by Prof. Edgard Milhaud, 11th year, No. 2, April-August 1935. - Williams & Norgate, London, 1935. Under the title: Must Full Employment cost Money? Microfilmed in PEACE PLANS No. 10, 97pp, 24x. (German edition in PEACE PLANS 372, French edition in PEACE PLANS 334.) - online at www.reinventingmoney.com - JZL. Photocopy.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Draft of the Conditions for the next peace treaty with Russia. PEACE PLANS 14. In German in PEACE PLANS 399-401 & in 428ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Economic and Human Rights Aspects Ignored by Modern Authors. Extract from a letter, 29 Sep. 57, to Dr. Mann, Bth. Papers, PEACE PLANS 428ff, page 3794, in German, English in PEACE PLANS 589/90 & 740.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ein Sofortprogramm zur Behebung der Arbeitslosigkeit. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 2311 & 4195. (Vergl. Eine Neue Notverordnung ...)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Eine Neue Notverordnung. in 11 Par., im "WIRTSCHAFTSBERICHT" der Deutschen Festmark Bank, Berlin, 31.12.1931. With English translation in PEACE PLANS 544. The German text is also in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 277. 43 KBs, HTML, Jzem. - Vgl.: Ein Sofortprogramm...

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige Bemerkungen zu im Jahre 1947 veröffentlichten Vorschlaegen zur Währungsreform. 28.12.1950. (Eine Geld-Utopie, die die Abschaffung aller Geldgesetze annimmt, mit einer Deklaration von 18 wirtschaftlichen Rechten, insbesondere monetären. Mit Englischer Übersetzung in PEACE PLANS 589/590. (A collection of PRIVATE human rights declarations, over 130 of them), in German & English, 105 Kbs. RTF, 19 pages. It proclaims 18 such rights, perhaps the longest such rights declaration ever. - J.Z., 14.7.04. JZem Der deutsche Text ist auch in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 1651.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige Factoren welche in dem neuen System den Umlauf der Zahlungsmittel beschleunigen und zwar voraussichtlich in viel stärkerem Ausmass als es im System von Silvio Gesell geschieht. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 2200.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige notwendige Ergänzungen zu den vom Weltbund der Gewerkschaften verkündeten sieben Grundrechte der Arbeiter. 5 pp, 39 Kbs., 14 02 46 - An important list of seven human rights not yet translated into English, simply because I found it only rather recently. - J.Z., 13.7.04. In PP 590, Supplements. JZem Bth 14 02 46 Human Rights Grundrechte der Arbeiter Ergaenzungen. Also in Bth Briefe Zusammenstellung and Meyer & über Nietzsche & Kant.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige Prinzipien zu einer Sozialordnung, die vielleicht in die von uns beabsichtigte Prinzipienerklärung aufgenommen werden können. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 2569. - English translation, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 589/590: Some principles on a social order... 7 points.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige Sätze der von Milhaud, Rittershausen, Zander und anderen vertretenen Geldtheorie, die nicht als selbstverständlich angesehen werden können. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428, S. 1764, repeated 2149. English translation under: The German School on Money.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Einige von der UN nicht kodifizierte Rechte des Menschen und Buergers. 8 Punkte, with English translation, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 589/590.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Entwurf eines Gesetzes zur Verminderung des durch die Erwerbslosigkeit bewirkten Notstandes. - 21.4.33, 2 S. manuscript, mit 9 Paragraphen. - JZL, photocopy. Mit 2. Fassung vom 25.4.33, in 10 Paragraphen.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Entwurf zu einer Arbeitsbeschaffungsbank. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 1670.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Erklärung über das Recht sich Arbeit zu beschaffen. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 1735. - English translation under: Declaration about ...

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Free Banking Books, three classical texts that were first reproduced, in several languages, in Prof. Edgard Milhaud's Annals and then reproduced in PEACE PLANS 9-11, are now accessible on www.reinventingmoney.com : 1.) The Practical Realization of the Milhaud Proposals. 1934, 1935, 1967. 2.) Must Full Employment Cost Money? The Financing of Public Works without Recourse to the Money Market, according to Milhaud's Proposals; with some Remarks on the latter. 1935, 1967. 3.) Public Insurance and Compensation Money. The Possibility of Developing Insurance Facilities in Asia, in Colonies and New Countries, through applying the Milhaud System, together with some Reflections on this System. 1938, 1968. (The German orginal versions are also on that site. The French versions, to the extent that I have them, are so far only on microfiche. - J.Z.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Freier Goldmarkt versus Einlösung. Mit Anm. von H. Rittershausen, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 869.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Fundation der Verrechnungscheine durch die Möeglichkeit, sie bei der Verrechnungsbnk zum Nennwert gutschreiben zu lassen. 2.6.33, 6 S., manuscrip, mit Bemerkungen über Gutscheine, Eisenbahngeld und Kontrolle privater Ausgaben von Verrechnungscheinen. - JZL, photocopy.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, German School of Money. In short statements, with comments by J. Z., 8pp leaflet, title by J.Z., not by U. v. B., 24x, in PEACE PLANS 41, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 357/58. - (He almost always corrected me - and with good reasons, too! - J.Z.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Goldwaehrung und Immobiliearkredit. WESTDEUTSCHER IMMOBILIARKREDIT, 1.9.1950. - Perhaps the only of his articles he could get published conventionally after WW II! The “free press” in West-Germany and West-Berlin was largely closed to such ideas. - J.Z., 13.6.10.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Human, especially economic rights, ignored by modern authors. Extract from a letter of Bth to Dr. Mann 29 9 57. (Full text in early microfiche collection, page 4747, translated 1986 by J.Z. into English, 16 Kbs RTF, 2 pages only, but making 7 important statements. - JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Inhaltsverzeichnis, 1.) kurzes, zur Sammlung seiner Papiere in PP 428-466, mit einer Übersicht über seine hauptsächlichen Reformvorschläge, in PEACE PLANS 741/42. 2.) Ein ausführliches, aber nicht ausschliesslich chronologisches Inhaltsverzeichnis für diese Sammlung, ist in PEACE PLANS 428 zu finden. 3.) Ein alphabetisches Inhaltsverzeichnis ist immer noch nur geplant. - J.Z.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, La Mise A Execution Du Projet Milhaud. In: Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, par Edgard Milhaud, ed., Recueil Sirey, Paris, 1934, pp. 7-108, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 744.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Letter and statement to Henry Meulen, 1.&12.8.1935, on their differences regarding monetary freedom, 12pp, 24x, in PEACE PLANS 350-354, & 36x in PEACE PLANS 561.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Letter to Dr. Schinnagel, containing a short liberation programme, 9 points, 1.5.1959, in PEACE PLANS 544.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Monetäre Rechte zur Arbeitsbeschaffung. 4 Punkte, 2 Seiten, 21.5.1956, in PEACE PLANS 589/590, p 740. With English translation

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Monetary Rights for the Provision of Employment. 4 points, 21.5.1956, in PEACE PLANS 589/590, p.740. 11 Kbs. JZem.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Muss Arbeitsbeschaffung Geld kosten? Die Finanzierung öffentlicher Arbeiten ohne Beanspruchung des Geldmarktes nach den Vorschlägen Milhauds nebst einigen Bemerkungen über sein System. ANNALEN DER GEMEINWIRTSCHAFT, Genf, 11. Jahrgang, Heft 1, Januar/Mai 1935, 147 S., in PEACE PLANS No. 372. 235 Kbs. zipped, unzipped 937 Kbs. An edited version is online at www.reinventingmoney.com - Also the English translation.-

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Must full employment cost money? 1935, in PEACE PLANS 10. - French edition of the same, 24x, in PP 334, German ed. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 372. Previously published under the title: "Does the Provision of Employment necessitate Money Expenditure? The financing of Public Works without recourse to the Money Market, as proposed in the Milhaud Plan; with remarks on the latter.” 1935, 160 pp. - A classic work on how to abolish involuntary mass unemployment - by self-help measures, within days at most - using monetary freedom techniques, i.e. while avoiding inflation, deflation and stagflation. How many millions have suffered since, directly and indirectly from unemployment, in ignorance of this work? - J.Z. - In: www.reinventingmoney.com

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Notes on monetary freedom. Written between 1946 & 1959, translated by John Zube, 17 Feb. 1995. Somewhat proof-read: 14.7.04. Only 7 pages but important ones on the Beckerath monetary freedom system. Often he managed to state a lot in a few pages. - J.Z., 14.7.04. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Notizen über Inflation, Kapitalanlage, Aktienkurse, Preisstand, Wertbeständigkeit & Eisenbahngeld. 24. & 25.11.34, 6 S. - JZL, photocopy.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Öffentliches Versicherungswesen und Verrechnungsgeld, Die Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten des Versicherungswesens in Asien u. besonders Irans bei Anwendung der Grundsätze des Milhaudschen Zahlungssystems, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über das System. Genf, ANNALEN DER GEMEINWIRTCHAFT, 1936, 103 S., 29x, in PEACE PLANS 665. - On Contribution Money, discussing the Milhaud payment system and offering a monetary revisionist view of the French Revolution. English ed., together with an alphabetical index to this work and his 2 prior monetary freedom books in PEACE PLANS 9 & 10, in PEACE PLANS 11. - All three of his books are now in www.reinventingmoney.com

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, One New Emergency Law (to remove the emergency). 1931, in PEACE PLANS 544. (German in PEACE PLANS 427ff, S. 277.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, PEACE PLANS No. 429, 126 S., meist Bth. Beiträge von 1923-1926, 1027 Kbs in Word, 564 zipped. Akte PEACE PLANS 429 last version. JZem.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Programmentwurf für die Berliner Vereinigung zur Bekämpfung der Ursachen den Ehelosigkeit, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 2645.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Programmentwurf für Ostzonenflüchtlinge. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 1506.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Protokoll zur Sitzung am 11.2.54, 1 S., Berliner Gesellschaft von 1952 zur Bekaempfung der Ursachen der Arbeitslosigkeit, in PEACE PLANS 803. - All the protocols of this society have later been digitized by me. - J.Z., 19.2.10.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Protokolle der "Berliner Gesellschaft von 1952 zur Bekämpfung der Ursachen der Arbeitslosigkeit." 299 S., herausgegeben, digitisiert und kommentiert von John Zube, May 2004. Sie behandeln hauptsächlich Geldfreiheit zur Beendigung der Arbeitslosigkeit. Beckerath war Schriftführer und fügte seine Kommentare hinzu. 1694 Kbs in Word, 2047 in RTF, also available from me in 3 zipped email attachments, in RTF or Word, which come to 520 Kbs. They should be in my next CD. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Proudhon. Comments on Proudhon's monetary ideas, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 292.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Public Insurance and Compensation Money. The Possibility of Developing Insurance Facilities in Asia, in Colonies, and New Countries, through Applying the Milhaud System; together with some Reflections on this System. London, William & Norgate. 1938, PEACE PLANS 11, with an alphabetical index for this and his previous monetary freedom books, reproduced in Peace Plans 9 & 10. - (Discusses fundamental monetary freedom principles and applies them to public insurance, especially in underdeveloped countries. Also brings a revisionist view of the history of the French Revolution, in the light of monetary freedom ideas. The French issue is wanted by J.Z.) German issue in PEACE PLANS 665.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Railway Money and the Nuclear Threat. Excerpt from a letter of 11.12.54, in PEACE PLANS 16-18. The German original text is in PEACE PLANS 428ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Sätze aus der modernen "Regierungsökonomie". 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 1435…

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Sofortmassnahmen, die keinen Geldaufwand erfordern. In PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 1731 & 48x, in PEACE PLANS 589/590. (Zur Behebung der Arbeitslosigkeit.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some human rights and rights of citizens not codified by the UN. 8 points, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 589/590.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some principles of a Social Order.... 7 points, 48x in PEACE PLANS 589/590.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some Remarks to Proposals Published in 1947 on Currency Reform. 28.12.1950, 9pp, containing a 17 point program on economic rights, including monetary rights, in PEACE PLANS 804. - A monetary utopia, presupposing the abolition of all monetary laws and proclaiming 18 economic rights, mainly monetary rights, also in PEACE PLANS 589/590, with the German text. MANY more monetary freedom contributions by him can be found in PEACE PLANS 428 ff or later issues and if not yet microfilmed or scanned it, will be scanned-in to the extent that they are already on hand or will become available and I have enough time and energy left for this job. - J.Z., 11.2.10.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some Remarks to the Social System Explained in my Writings. 7 pages, 57 Kbs, on money, written between 1946 & 1959, translated by John Zube, File: BTHMONEY, JZem.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Some Technical Details of the Statutes of an Employment Bank. Ca. 1951, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 544. (Compare his statutes proposals in PEACE PLANS 9-11.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Ständische Banken? 2 S., 20.11.34, über private, genossenschaftliche & öffentliche Notenausgabestellen, Branchenbanken, alle ohne Monopol.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, The Case for Economic and Political Tolerance as the Only Sound Policy. 24x, in PEACE PLANS 42-44. A more legible edition is, 29x (reduced) in PEACE PLANS 415. With notes by J. Zube. A short pamphlet only - but important. It was also part of my first floppy disc on this subject: Fbfloppy 1, combined files.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, The German School on Money, Some Principles of Monetary Theory Represented by Rittershausen, Milhaud, Zander and others that cannot be considered as self-evident. 25.1.1952, a pamphlet with comments by John Zube, in PEACE PLANS 41 & 357/358.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, The Practical Realization of the Milhaud Proposals. in "Ending the Unemployment and Trade Crisis", ed. by Edgard Milhaud, Williams & Norgate, London, 1935, & in PEACE PLANS 9 & 769, 92pp. (A primer on monetary freedom as a precondition for a really free market.) German original in PEACE PLANS 357/358. - With many others of his writings at www.reinventingmoney.com - German edition: Die Durchführung der Vorschläge von Milhaud, 1934. 24x, in PEACE PLANS 347/48. (A primer on monetary freedom as a precondition for a really free market.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, to Dr. WALTER ZANDER, et al, 124 Kbs, 17 pages. JZem.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, to MEULEN, HENRY, and on Meulen's Free Banking ideas. 9 pages, in my first CD, folder D FB condensed, subfolder Bto&onM 1934, 49 Kbs, RTF. Fundamental on monetary freedom. - JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, to Naumann 23.1.57, 10 important economic and monetary freedom rights points, 13 Kbs txt. 2 pages only, but important ones. JZem

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über bargeldlose Entlohnung. -Ein früher Aufsatz über sein Gutscheinsystem. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S.21.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über das Bankgeschäft, ältere und neuere Ansicht. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 142.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über das Geldprinzip der modernen totalitären Staaten. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 2309.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über das Geldwesen in Kanada. A duplicated paper, 15.10.24.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über Deflation, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 234, 1242.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über den Kauf der Betriebe durch die Belegschaften. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 2923.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über die Vier Gesetzentwürfe. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 285ff, 390ff, 421ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über die Weltwirtschaftskrise. Notizen zu einem Vortrag. Herrn Dr. Ramin vorzulegen, Bth. 23.2.31. Zum Vortrag in Essen. Vorschlag zu einer Disposition. 2 S. - JZL., PEACE PLANS.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über Dr. Herpel's Plan. 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 259

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über eine Scheckbank (Verrechnungsbank). 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 376, 380-382, 487, 515, 538.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über Geldfreiheit. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, e.g. S. 277.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über Gold, Goldwährung und Warenpreise. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S.2, 38, 47,107, 120, 745ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über Goldstücke als Wertmesser und als nicht aufdrängbare Zahlungsmittel. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 2227, 2235 etc.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über Inflation, Zwangskurs und Zentralnotenbanken. in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S.18, 30, 99, 103, 196, 198, 239ff.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über Kanadisches Geldwesen. 29x, PEACE PLANS 428ff, S.64, 67, 237, 1207.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über Kaufkraftparitäten und Indexzahlen. in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S.12, 18, 31, 39, 41, 44, 49, 50, 87, 92, 100, 135, 149, 162, 163, 176, 177, 180, 224, 684, 687, 745; I. Fisher: S. 46, 104, 220; Laves: S.52. See also duplicated paper of 15 Oct. 1924.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Über Steuerfundation. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 386, 394ff, 492.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Versicherung und Verrechnung, 640 Kbs. RTF, 161 Kbs. zipped. See: www.reinventingmoney.com - Voller Titel: Öffentliches Versicherungswesen und Verrechnungsgeld. Die Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten des Versicherungswesens in Asien und besonders Irans bei Anwendung der Grundsätze des Milhaud'schen Zahlungssystems, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über das System. 1936.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Vier Gesetzentwürfe zur Bekämpfung der Deflation, Verhinderung der Inflation und Senkung des Zinses, nebst Begründung. 1932/33, 24x, in, PEACE PLANS 40. (With German original and a pamphlet on it by Dr. Best. Beckerath was co-author with Rittershausen, Zander, Munzer, Unger & Meis. The Explanation was written by Dr. Walter Zander.)

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Was kann der Einzelne tun damit Deutschland zu einem gesunden Geldwesen kommt? 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 126.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Zahlungserleichterung für die Landwirtschaft. 1945, 1 S., with English translation: Facilitating Payments for Agricultural Enterprises. 48x, in PEACE PLANS 645.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Zu dem Punkt unseres Programmes, der das Wesen des Zinses betrifft. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 2785.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Zur Freiheit, zum Frieden und zur Gerechtigkeit." Gesammelte Briefe, Aufsätze und Notizen, erste Ausgabe, 1984 ( Towards Freedom, Peace and Justice. He would, probably, have argued against this all too general title, maybe on several pages!) This collection contains also many contributions by other members of the German monetary freedom school of the 1930’s.. Published on 39 microfiche at 29x in PEACE PLANS 428-466. Kurzes Inhaltsverzeichnis, 5pp, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 647, & in PEACE PLANS 741, langes in PEACE PLANS 428. More Beckerath writings and correspondence are wanted for further editions. An alphabetical index to all his writings is intended. But by now they should also be scanned-in and made available on disc or online and then automatically indexed through a computer program. - Since 2002 and its PEACE PLANS issue 1779, I have discontinued adding further microfiche editions to this series and concentrated, rather, on scanning-in texts, a much more laborious process than getting texts ready for microfiching (through a micrographic agency), by producing texts that are more likely to be read in digitized form than from microfilm. - I have not assembled these texts in special new and digitized PEACE PLANS editions. - Some segments of his microfiched writings, in PEACE PLANS 1-1779, e.g. all his 3 books, have been translated into English, and also into French. At least the English editions of these books are now online at www.reinventingmoney.com - together with some of his papers and letters and writings of some of his associates. I still seeks further material by and on Beckerath's monetary freedom and related ideas. By the way, he did not like the French translations of his 3 books. At least some of his correspondence and even their heirs might have preserved some of his letters. But I do not have their full names and addresses. - J.Z., 11.2.10.

BECKERATH, ULRICH von, Zur gegenwärtigen Lage der deutschen Wirtschaft. 15.9.1924., 29x, in PEACE PLANS 428ff.

BECKHART, Prof. BENJAMIN HAGGOTT, Business Loans of American Commercial Banks. New York: Ronald, 1959. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BECKHART, Prof., BENJAMIN HAGGOTT, Banking Systems. Editor, Columbia University Press, New York, 1954, 1956, 1959, indexed, 934pp. Country by country treatment by various authors, with a separate bibliography for each. Typically, there is nothing on free banking, Real Bills Doctrine, tax foundation or legal tender in the index. Just a survey of statism in this sphere. - Warnings on certain books are also needed in this compilation! - JZL.

BECKHART, Prof. BENJAMIN HAGGOTT, Foreign Banking Systems. ch.5 of: The Banking System of Canada. ed., 1929, N.Y., Henry Holt & co. - Schuler

BECKHART, Prof., BENJAMIN HAGGOTT, Monetary Policy and Commercial Bank Portfolios. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 30, March 1940, 17-26. - Selgin.

BECKHART, Prof., BENJAMIN HAGGOTT, Qualitative Credit Control. ASSOCIATION OF RESERVE CITY BANKERS BULLETIN, No. 10, 1936. - Selgin.

BECKHART, Prof., BENJAMIN HAGGOTT, The Banking System of Canada. New York, Henry Holt & Co, 1929. - Wells & Shruggs, 1986.

BECKHART, Prof. BENJAMIN HAGGOTT, The Discount Policy of the Federal Reserve System. New York: Henry Holt, 1924. - SMITH, VERA C. - Alas, it is much more likely to discount governmental medium and long-term “securities” as a supposedly sufficient “backing” or “cover” for its flood of legal tender paper money. - These “assets” tend to become as much depreciated as its paper money notes, its forced currency or monopoly money. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BECKHART, Prof., BENJAMIN HAGGOTT, The Federal Reserve System. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972. - Klebaner

BECKMAN, THEODORE N., Credits and Collections: Management and Theory. 7th ed., New York: McGraw-Hill, 1962. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BEDE, JARRETT, S., Antonino and Mediaeval Economics. - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

BEDE, JARRETT, Social Theories of the Middle Ages. (London, 1926.) - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

BEEBE, SILAS, A Trip from Utica, New York, to Ingham County, Michigan. MPHC. 1 (1877): 187-92. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BEELER, G., Die Wertpapiere im schweizerischen Recht. Aarau 1937. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BEELER, G., Wertpapiere.“ SJK, Karten 20-23, Genf 1941. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BEENSTOCK, MICHAEL & WILLCOCKS, PATRICK, The Consequences of Slower Growth in the World Economy. ECONOMIC FORECASTING UNIT DISCUSSION PAPER 76, London Business School, 1980. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90. - Most economists do not even get the economic past correctly. They are even less successful in their forecasting. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BEENSTOCK, MICHAEL, The Debate about Monetary Ceilings. ECONOMIC OUTLOOK, 1980-84, London Business School, Gower Publishing, Vol. 5, No. 1, October 1980. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

BEER, Geschichte des Welthandels. Bd. 2, Wien 1862, Cap. 3 & 13, 1964, Cap. 3: Ueber Entwicklung des Geldwesens & Bankwesens, mit vielen historischen und statistischen Notizen. "Brauchbare Übersicht.", lt. Adolf Wagner.

BEER, M., A History of British Socialism. G. Bell & Sons Ltd., London, 1929, Vol. I, indexed, 361pp, Vol. II, indexed, 441pp. - One volume edition, London, 1948. Although he was not a propertarian libertarian, he showed interest in other aspects of liberties which are too much neglected by some libertarians, like voluntary and cooperative socialism. With some hints of interest to free banking advocates, although he wasn’t one. - J.Z., 18.3.10. - Beer also reported well on monetary freedom experiments. - He does, shortly, mention and discusses private token money issues by manufacturers and Thomas Attwood, 1783-1856, as a currency reformer, Owen's currency plan & others and Labor Exchanges. Scholefield, Muntz, Salt, Douglas, R.K., James Bronterre O'Brien, Gray and Bray are also mentioned as currency reformers. Most of them, however, were, probably, favoring one or the other type of alternative monetary despotism in form of a coercive paper money scheme. All-over, this book was one of the favorite ones of Ulrich von Beckerath and I found much in it that is of interest to me. Withdrawal of savings and deposits as a "resistance" act is mentioned e.g. on page 69 & 74. This, potentially disastrous step, for all, has recently, unfortunately, become popular again among some members of the Green Movement. But at least some of them intend re-investment in their own kind of investment bank - the Ökobank Projekt. - J.Z., 11.5.10. - JZL.

BEETHAM, DAVID, Max Weber and The Theory of Modern Politics. George Allen & Unwin Ltd, London 1974. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BELL, DANIEL, The End of Ideology: On the Exhaustion of Political Ideas in the Fifties. New York, 1965. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BELL, G. M., The Country Banks and the Currency. London: Longmans. 1842. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BELL, G. M., The Currency Question. London: Longmans. 1841. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BELL, G. M., The Philosophy of Joint Stock Banking. London: Longmans. 1840. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BELL, J. W., A Proper Monetary and Banking System for the United States. New York 1960. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BELL, R. C., Commercial Coins, 1787-1804. Newcastle upon Tyne, Corbitt & Hunter, 1963. “One of several British token works by a profound authority on this tangled series, which contains several American-association items.” - Alexander, Coin World, Cat. & Encyclopedia

BELL, ROBERT, A Letter to James William Gilbart ... on the Regulation of the Currency by the Foreign Exchanges; and on the Appointment of the Bank of England to be the Sole Bank of Issue throughout Great Britain. London, Pelham Richardson. 1840. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BELL, ROBERT, A Letter to James William Gilbart ... on the Relative Merits of the English and Scotch Banking Systems. Edinburgh: Bell & Bradfute. 1838. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BELLAMY, EDWARD, Looking Backward: 2000-1887. (first published 1887). London, 1948, New York: The New American Library, Signet Classic, 1960. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BELLANTE, DON, GARRISON ROGER W., Phillips Curves and Hayekian Triangles: Two Perspectives on Monetary Dynamics. - "Phillips Curves and Hayekian Triangles: Two Perspectives on Monetary Dynamics" - History of Political Economy 20(2), 207-234(1988). - Online at the Mises Institute. - (Is that one writer reviewing the other or two writers of one essay? Or two writers offering different essays on the same topic? This Mises Institute list leaves too much in doubt. - J.Z., 22.2.10.)

BELLERBY, J. R., Monetary Instability. - “account of proposals to stabilize business by monetary policy.” - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952.

BELLINGER, ALFRED R., & GRIERSON, PHILIP, Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. eds., 3 vols. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies, 1966-. - DOTY (1978).

BELLIS, GIAN PIERO de, From legal tender to virtual vouchers. - http://www.polyarchy.org/paradigm/english/money.html - Monetary freedom and free banking are also implied in his panarchistic and polyarchic website: www.panarchy.org

BELLOC, HILAIRE & MCDONALD, Socialism and the Servile State. 1911. (Bound together with The American Anti-Socialist, Feb. 1912ff, in Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BELLOC, HILAIRE, Essays of a Catholic. - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

BELLOC, HILAIRE, A Shorter History of England. 1934. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BELTON, JUDITH, Do not Pass Go, Do not Collect $200. ISLANDER Mag., 8 June 86, on "LETS game". "’Monopoly’ has nothing to do with reality." 1p, 29x, in PP 865. - That remark refers to the famous or infamous game. In our all too wrong and flawed, sometimes even ridiculous “economies” we have legalized monopolism penetrating almost everything. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BENAVEN, JEAN MICHEL, Caissier Italien, ou l'Art de connoître toutes les Monnoies d' Italie ainsi que celles de tous les états et princes de 1'Europe, avec tables de poids, mesures, &c. Paris, 1787. “This is simply a Cambist, but a good one for its time.” - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BENAVIDES M., JULIO, Historia de la Moneda en Bolivia. 1972. La Paz, Ediciones 'Puerto del Sol'. - Schuler

BENDIX, REINHARD, Embattled Reason. New York 1970. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, Besprechung der zweiten Auflage der Staatlichen Theorie des Geldes. in: BANK-ARCHIV, XVII. Jahrgang, Nr. 17 vom 1. Juni 1918, S.178. - Knapp.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, Das Wesen des Geldes. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Reform der Reichsbankgesetzgebung. Leipzig 1908. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen. Dritte Auflage, München und Leipzig, Verlag von Duncker & Humblot, 1922, 91pp. He comes out for legal tender on page 64! Erste Auflage 1907. - JZL. - BENDIXEN, according to Ulrich von Beckerath, a note of 18.5.1925, has written at least something on private goods warrants issues, before 1925.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, Fünf Jahre Geldtheorie. In: BANK-ARCHIV, X. Jahrgang, 1911, Nr.10; S.145-148. - Knapp.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, "Geld und Einkommen" 1917. [Money and Income], BANK-ARCHIV. December 15, 17, 61-64. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, Geld und Kapital. Gesammelte Aufsätze. Leipzig 1912, 186 S. - Zweite Auflage, Jena 1920. - Knapp.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, Referat über Ludwig von Mises, Theorie des Geldes und der Umlaufsmittel. DEUTSCHE LITERATURZEITUNG, 1912, Nr. 48; drei Spalten über Ludwig von Mises, und die Staatliche Theorie des Geldes. - Knapp.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, Vom theoretischen Metallismus. (Kritik der Lehren von Karl Diehl) in den JAHRBÜCHERN FÜR NATIONAL-ÖKONOMIE UND STATISTIC, Band 112 (3. Folge, Band 57). Jena 1919. S.497-534. - Knapp.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, Währungspolitik und Geldtheorie im Lichte des Weltkriegs. München und Leipzig 1916, 114 S. Zweite Auflage, 1919. - Knapp.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, Wesen des Geldes. 1908.

BENDIXEN, Dr. FRIEDRICH, Währungspolitik und Geldtheorie. 1916. See p. 18.

BENEDICT, Dr. ADOLF, Kaufmännisches Universal-Konversations-Lexikon. Stuttgart, Schwabacher Verlag, undated, 334S. - JZL.

BENELLO, C. GEORGE, Community Financing and Resource Optimization. In: MOREHOUSE, WARD, Building Sustainable Communities. Tools and Concepts for Self-reliant Economic Change, editor, chapter 26, pp. 168-174.

BENHAM, F. C, British Monetary Policy. London, 1932. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BENINK, HARALD, An Exploration of Neo-Austrian Theory Applied to Financial Markets. - "Exploration of Neo-Austrian Theory Applied to Financial Markets, An" - 2000 (forthcoming in the JOURNAL OF FINANCE). Online at the Mises Institute.

BENJAMIN F. WADE, Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

BENNDORF, ALEX., Für Bankfreiheit. 1870, Braunschweig, 38pp, 29x, in PP 687. - Warning: He argues rather against than for monetary freedom, in spite of this title: “For Free Banking.” Under this title all kinds of "funny money" or all too restrictionist theories were and are still advocated and they have given free banking a bad name. Freedom to issue notes does no more mean freedom to issue monopolized, coercive, exclusive, fraudulent or fictitious notes than freedom to issue checks means freedom to issue fraudulent cheques. J.Z.

BENNETT, A. J., Private Issues of Gold. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NUMISMATICS 26 (April, 1892). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BENNETT, JACKSON, Templeton Reid, Assayer of Gold. NUMISMATIST 78 (December, 1965). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BENNING, B., Liquiditätsrichtsatz und längerfristiger Bankkredit. in: ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR DAS GESAMTE KREDITWESEN 1962, S. 149 ff. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BENNISON, W., The Cause of the Present Money Crisis Explained, in an Answer to the Pamphlet of Mr. J. Horsely Palmer. 3rd ed. London, Effingham Wilson. 1837. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BENSON, LEE, The Concept of Jacksonian Democracy. New York as a Test Case. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961). - Temin.

BENSTON, G. G. et al. Perspectives on Safe and Sound Banking: Past, Present, and Future. (1986) MIT Press. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BENSTON, GEORGE J., & HANWECK, GERALD J. A. & HUMPHREY, DAVID B., Scale Economies in Banking: A Restructuring and Reassessment." 1982. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING (November): 435-54. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System.

BENSTON, GEORGE J., & KAUFMAN, GEORGE G., Improving the FDIC Improvement Act: What Was Done and What Still Needs to Be Done to Fix the Deposit Insurance Problem. In: KAUFMAN, GEORGE G., Reforming Financial Institutions and Markets in the United States. Boston, Kluwer Academic, 1994. - Removing all the government acts, regulations and institutions in this sphere, combined with full publicity and self-responsibility of the financial institutions and their customers, would be the best solution. - However, those still believing in official interventions in this sphere, should be free to practise them within their own communities of volunteers or their own private payment communities. - J.Z., 14.6.10.

BENSTON, GEORGE J., & KAUFMAN, GEORGE G., Risk and Solvency Regulation of Depository Institutions: Past Policies and Current Options." MONOGRAPH SERIES IN FINANCE AND ECONOMICS, Graduate School of Business Administration, New York University, 1988. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski. ) - STAFF MEMORANDUM 88-1, Chicago: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. - Dowd

BENSTON, GEORGE J., & KAUFMAN, GEORGE G., Understanding the Savings and Loan Debacle. THE PUBLIC INTEREST, Spring 1990, pp. 79-95.

BENSTON, GEORGE J., Does Bank Regulation produce Stability? Lessons from the United States.' (1989) mimeo, Atlanta, Ga.: Emory University. - Dowd

BENSTON, GEORGE J.; EISENBEIS, R. A.; HORVITZ, P. M.; KANE, EDWARD J.; & KAUFMAN, G. G. Perspectives of Safe and Sound Banking: Past, Present and Future. (1986) Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. - Dowd - George G. Kaufman

BENSTON, GEORGE J., Federal Regulation of Banking: Analysis and Policy Recommendations." 1983. JOURNAL OF BANK RESEARCH 13 (Spring 1983, 83-112. - Wells & Scruggs. (14) (Winter). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BENSTON, GEORGE J., Federal Regulation of Banking: Historical Overview. (1986) Chapter 1 in G. G. Kaufman and R. C. Kormendi (eds) Deregulating Financial Services: Public Policy in Flux. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger.

BENTAL, B., ECKSTEIN, Z. AND PELED, D., Competitive Banking with Confidence Crisis and International Borrowing. (1990) mimeo, Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University. - Dowd

BENTHAM, JEREMY, Defence of Usury: Shewing the Impolicy of the Present Legal Restraints on the Terms of Pecuniary Bargains. In a Series of Letters to a Friend. To Which is Added, a Letter to Adam Smith, Esq; LL.D. On the Discouragements opposed by the above Restraints to the Progress of Inventive Industry. 1787, OLL, 264 KB. http://www.econlib.org/LIBRARY/Bentham/bnthUs.html - (1788) Williams, Colles, White, Byrne, Lewis, Jones, and Moore. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - 1816, 1962, 29pp, in PEACE PLANS 890.

BENTHAM, JEREMY, Defense de l'usure, ou Lettres sur les inconvenients des lois qui fixent le taux de l'intérêt de l'argent, in Mélanges d'économie politiques. volumes I & II, 1847, 1848, in PP 778-783. This particular essay is in PP 783.

BENTON, THOMAS HART, Abridgment of the Debates of Congress from 1789 to 1856. (ed.) 16 vols. New York, 1857-61. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BENTON, THOMAS HART, Thirty Years' View. 2 vols. New York, D. Appleton and Co.,1854-6. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. . - (On the Jacksonian Economy. - J.Z.)

BERCKUM, J. J., Das Staatsschuldenproblem im Lichte der klassischen Nationalökonomie. Leipzig 1911. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BERESINER, YASHA & DARGENT, EDUARDO C., Catalogue of the Paper Money of Colombia and Peru. London 1973. - Albert Pick

BERESINER, YASHA, A Collectors Guide to Paper Money. New York 1977. - Albert Pick

BERESINER, YASHA, The Story of Paper Money, England 1973. - Albert Pick

BERG, N. P. VAN DEN, The Money Market and Paper Currency of British India. Batavia, 1884.

BERGER, GEORGE S., Reforming Deposit Insurance and the Regulatory System. - Reforming Deposit Insurance and the Regulatory System, CATO JOURNAL, Fall 1994

BERGER, MARSHALL C., The Stolen Credit Card-Who Pays?" STORES, November 1967, pp. 41-42. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BERGER, MELVIN D., Dishonest About Inflation. - THE FREEMAN, Dec. 79, p. 721-726. - Page 723: Actually, honest money could take several forms and could be backed by metals and commodities other than gold. It is even possible to conceive of a privately-issued currency without any specific backing other than the assets of the bank or company which offers it. A gold standard will soon collapse if it is seen as a hindrance to progress rather than a way of protecting the public.”

BERGER, PETER L. & KELLNER, BRIGITTE, & H., The Homeless Mind, Modernization and Consciousness. Pelican Books 1974 and Random House 1973. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - I strongly dislike some of the “modern” “titles”. - J.Z., 30.3.10.

BERGER, PETER L. & LUCKMANN, THOMAS, The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. New York 1966. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BERGER, RENE, The Failure of International Monetary Cooperation. MONETARY TRACT, Number 1. Cooperation - CMRE MONOGRAPHS, No. 1. Connecticut: Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Inc., November, 1973. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold.

BERGERON, PIERRE, Voyages en Asie par Benjamin de Tudele, J. du Plan-Carpin, N. Ascelin, G. de Rubruquis, Marc Paul, Haiton, &c, La Haye. 1735. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BERGIUS, C.J., Geschichte des Preussischen Papiergeldes. ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR DIE GESAMMTE STAATSWISSENSCHAFT, 1870, 225-60. (Cameron) - It might provide details on the repeated issues of tax foundation paper money in Prussia, reckoning either in a silver or gold value standard. A largely forgotten tradition. - J.Z.

BERGLAND, DAVID, A Libertarian Tax Simplification Plan. 2pp:168. - In: PEACE PLANS Nos. 1572 & 1573. From: COMMON SENSE, The Newsletter of THE LIBERTARIAN PARTY OF FLORIDA, later sub-headed: The Newsletter for libertarians and other friends of liberty, 482pp, incomplete, 1-241.Should an evil only be reduced gradually? Under panarchism radical solutions would be available to members of volunteer communities. Panarchism does, anyhow, imply a voluntary taxation or contribution scheme, as already Spencer recognized in his Social Statics. - J.Z.

BERKELEY, Bishop GEORGE (of Cloyne), On Money, being extracts from Bishop Berkeley's "QUERIST" - compiled by James Harvey. Liverpool, 1872. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - Among Meulen books in the Goldsmith Collection. - THE QUERIST, 1750. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BERKEY, WILLIAM AUGUSTUS, 1823-1902, The Money Question: The Legal Tender Paper Monetary System of the U.S. Grand Rapids, 1876. National Library of Australia. (Not yet checked out. - J.Z.)

BERLE & MEANS, The Modern Corporation and Private Property. New York, 1932. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BERLIN SOCIETY OF 1952 TO FIGHT THE CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT (Berliner Gesellschaft von 1952 zur Bekämpfung der Ursachen der Arbeitslosigkeit), see under Beckerath. Its session protocols, in German, have later been microfiched and then digitized by me. Also its Berlin Program, in German and in English. - J.Z., 12.2.10.

BERLIN, Sir ISAIAH, The Life and Opinions of Moses Hess. W. Heffer & Sons Ltd, Cambridge 1959. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BERLINER GESELLSCHAFT VON 1952 ZUR BEKAEMPFUNG DER URSACHEN DER ARBEITSLOSIGKEIT, 1740 Kb in WORD, 521 KB zipped, via email from me, until it is online or on a CD. It concentrated on monetary freedom especially on U. v. Beckerath's ideas on the subject. Offered by me in German and in English. - J.Z., JZem

BERLINER, JOSEPH, The Innovation Decision in Soviet Industry. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1976. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - Contrary to the centrally imposed planning and direction there was no innovative economic decision-making in Soviet industry - except on the black market. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

BERNANKE, B. S. & GERTLER, M., Financial fragility and economic performance. (1990) Quarterly Journal of Economics 105: 87-114. - Dowd

BERNANKE, B. S., Nonmonetary effects of the financial crisis in the propagation of the Great Depression. (1983) AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, 73, pp.257-76. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BERNARD, LUTHER & JESSIE, The Origins of American Sociology. NY: Crowell, 1943. (refers to Modern Times, Andrews, and Warren, pp.161-76, 313-86)

BERNARDI, G. B. de, An Object Lesson for Labour Reformers ... The Guernsey Market House, Free Currency League, Henry Seymour Sec., 4pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BERNHARD, GEORG, Der Verkehr in Wertpapieren. Berlin, 1903. - KAUTSCH, JACOB, Handbuch des Bank- und des Börsenwesens, 3 Auflage, 1912. . - Siegfried Hirsch, Die Bank, 1923.

BERNHOLZ, PETER M., Besprechung zu F. A. v. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money. in KYKLOS, 31, 3pp, 1978, in PP 794 & 805. Then at Universität Basel.  - Gerding - (Shows here no understanding of the influence of legal tender legislation. - J.Z.)

BERNHOLZ, PETER M., Currency Competition, Inflation, Gresham’s Law and Exchange Rate. JOURNAL OF INSTITUTIONAL AND THEORETICAL ECONOMICS (JITE) 145, 1989, 465-488, with bibl. - JZL, photocopy.

BERNHOLZ, PETER M., Erwerbskosten, Laufzeit und Charakter zinstragender Forderungen. ZEITSCHRIFT FUER DIE GESAMTE STAATSWISSENSCHAFT, 123 (1967), 9-24. - Tullock.

BERNHOLZ, PETER M., Flexible Exchange Rates in Historical Perspective. 1982. PRINCETON STUDIES IN INTERNATIONAL FINANCE, No. 49. International Finance Section, Department of Economics, Princeton University.

BERNHOLZ, PETER M., Freedom and Constitutional Order. ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR DIE GESAMTE STAATSWISSENSCHAFT 135 (Sept. 1979): 510-532. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - The “Staatswissenschaft” (science of the State) is not scientific, for it does not study the actions of free men and their contracts and free societies. It is only as “scientific” as are e.g. religions, which presupposed the existence of one or several gods or the actions of professional criminals or of military aggressors. Territorial Constitutions establish neither genuine order nor freedom. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

BERNHOLZ, PETER, Inflation & Monetary Constitution in Historical Perspective. KYKLOS, Vol. 36, 1983, S. 387-419. 23pp, in PEACE PLANS 806. (Shows no understanding of the influence of legal tender legislation. - J.Z.) (Bernholz, Peter M.)

BERNHOLZ, PETER, The Implementation and Maintenance of a Monetary Constitution. - In Dorn & Schwartz, 1983ff.

BERNSTEIN, PETER, The Power of Gold: The History of an Obsession. - The Power of Gold: The History of an Obsession, describes the arisal and progress of gold as a monetary standard. I've not read all the way through, but it is highly readable, if light and allegoric in nature. Certainly recommended for some perspective relating to the current bust of Internet gold currency activity. - Ian Grigg's page on free banking - http://iang.org/free_banking/

BERRY, THOMAS SENIOR, Western Prices Before 1861: A Study of the Cincinnati Market. Cambridge, Mass., 1943. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BESANT, ANNI vs. FREDERICK MILLAR, Socialism vs. Individualism. 1890, 32pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BEST, Dr., Arbeitsbeschaffung und Kreditausweitung. VOLKSRECHT, 11.3.1933. 29x, PEACE PLANS 428ff, S. 616. (JZL) Oberlandesgerichtspräsident (I don't know his Christian names. - Maybe he had no Christian attitude towards them. - J.Z.)

BEST, Dr., Die Vier Gesetzentwürfe. in PEACE PLANS 40.

BEST, Dr., Four Law Drafts. 30 pages, From Peace Plans No. 40, translated by John Zube available from John Zube as zipped email attachment, until it is online or on a CD: jzube@acenet.com.au - Likewise his article: Währungsfragen from “SELBSTHILFE” 4. 8. 1934

BEST, Dr., Über die Vier Gesetzentwürfe. Sparerbund, Berlin, ca. 1933, 24x, in PP 40, 29x, and in PP 428ff, S. 861.

BEST, Dr., Waehrungsfragen, SELBSTHILFE, 4.8.1934, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 861.

BEST, Dr., Zur Frage der Goldwährung. 25.3.1933, 29x, in PP 428ff, S. 625.

BESTER, H., Screening vs. rationing in credit markets with imperfect information.” (1985) AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 57: 850-5. - Dowd

BETER, PETER, The Conspiracy Against the Dollar. George Braziller, Inc., 1973. - Dr. James L. Green, Investments and Sound Money, in MM, undated. - It takes published and all too popular laws to depreciate any currency. - Naturally, all politicians in parliaments - and aspiring ones - might be perceived as being engaged in a conspiracy against the people to maintain or gain wrongful powers over them. - In this they are greatly helped by compulsory taxation and monetary and financial despotism. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BETHMANN, JOHANN PHILIPP Freiherr von, The Interest Rate Trap. CMRE Monographs No.44.

BETT, VIRGIL, Central Banking in Mexico: Monetary Policies and Financial Crises, 1864-1949. 1957, Bureau of Business Research, School of Business Administration, Univ. of Mich., v. 13, no. 1, Ann Arbor. - Schuler

BEUSCH, PAUL, Währungszerfall und Währungsstabilisierung. 1928. Julius Springer, Berlin. - Währungszerstörung, gesetzlich ermöglicht, und zeitweilige Stabilisierung, während der legalisierte moneäre Despotismus fortgeführt wird und jederzeit die Wiederaufnahme der Inflation ermöglicht. - Das wäre ein besserer Titel gewesen. - J.Z., 12.6.10.

BEUTLER, Die Reichsbank, ihre rechtliche Natur und Zweckbestimmung. Leipzig, 1909. - Siegfried Hirsch, Die Bank, 1923. - Von ihrem „Recht“ wurde hier in demselben Jahre geschrieben, in dem ihrem Papiergeld gesetzlich den Zwangskurs erhielt, den kommenden Krieg voraussehend. Die Goldeinlöesung dauerte dann nur noch weitere 5 Jahre, bis zum Kriegsbeginn. - J.Z., 18.4.10.

BEVAN, DAVID, A Guide to Collecting English Banknotes. Surrey 1970. - Albert Pick

BEVERIDGE, WILLIAM H., Full Employment in a Free Society. London 1944/45. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - He went exactly the wrong way about it and, thereby, diminished rights, liberties and prosperity. - J.Z., 0.7.10.

BEVERIDGE, WILLIAM H., Prices and Wages in England. (Lord), vol.1. Price tables, Mercantile era. London, 1939. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BEVERIDGE, WILLIAM H., The World Economic Crisis: The Halley Stewart Lecture, 1931. (Sir) George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BEVERIDGE, WILLIAM H., Unemployment. - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics. - Only from the statist point of view, I suppose. J.Z., 4.4.10.

BEVERIDGE, WILLIAM H., Wages in the Winchester Manors. (Lord), ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, Nov. 1936, vol. vii, no. 1. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BEYFUSS, JÖRG, Das Stabilitätsgesetz. Erfahrung und Kritik. Köln: Deutscher Industrieverlag 1971 (Beiträge des Deutschen Industrie-instituts. 9.Jg., Heft 6). - Flamant. - Schon der Name der meisten Gesetze ist oft irrefuehrend, manchmal sogar ganz absichtlich. - J.Z., 11.3.10.

BEZANSON, ANNE, Prices and Inflation During the American Revolution, Pennsylvania, 1770-1790. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1951) - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BHATIA, R. J. & BOUTER, A. C, A System of Governmental Wage Control - Experience of the Netherlands, 1945-60." in IMF STAFF PAPERS, Vol. VIII, (3), December 1961. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BHATTACHARYA, S. & GALE, D., Preference shocks, liquidity and central bank policy.' (1987) chapter 4 of W. A. Barnett and K. J. Singleton (eds.) New Approaches to Monetary Economics, New York: Cambridge University Press. - Dowd

BIACABE, P., Analyses contemporaines de l'inflation. Sirey, 1962. - Flamant.

BIDDLE, NICHOLAS, Correspondence. R. C. McGrane, ed. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1919). - Temin.

BIDDLE, NICHOLAS, Letter to J. Q. Adams. Nov. 11, 1836. Reprinted in Niks' Weekly Register, LI (Dec. 17, 1836), 243-45. - Temin.

BIDDULPH, JOHN & ANNA J. SCHWARTZ, A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931. editors, 1984, Chicago, UCP. - Schuler

BIDDULPH, JOHN, The Gold Standard: The Traditional Approach. In Bordo and Schwartz, 1984. - Schuler. Originally written when? See the publication date of the above article. - J.Z.)

BIDDULPH, JOHN, The Grasshopper in Lombard Street. N.Y., Burt Franklin, 1968, orig. ed. London, 1892. - Schuler

BIDWELL, JOHN, Echoes of the Past About California. San Francisco: John Howell, 1929. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BIDWELL, PERCY W., & JOHN I. FALCONER, History of Agriculture in the Northern United States, 1620-1860. Washington, D.C., 1925. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks. (I cut out many of his numerous references which did not obviously related to monetary conditions. - J.Z., 26.3.10.)

BIDWELL, W. H., Annals of an East Anglian Bank (Gurney & Co.). Norwich, 1900. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. ). - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

BIEDERMANN, ERNST, Die Statistik der Edelmetalle. Berlin 1898. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

BIGGS, ANDREW G., Private Investment Is More Risky than Social Security? It Just Ain't So! TF8/00, 2p, in PEACE PLANS 1753, p.70.

BILBO, W. N., An Address on Banks and Banking. Nashville, Tennessee, 1857. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BILGRAM, HUGO & LEVY, LOUIS EDWARD, The Cause of Business Depressions as Disclosed by an Analysis of the Basic Principles of Economics. Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Co., 1914. New Edition, Libertarian Book House, Bombay, 1950. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - “which he conceived in joint authorship with L. E. Levy, belongs certainly to the most significant productions which in later years have been written on this question.” - Rocker, Pioneers, p.114. - Reprinted by Bombay, 1950, 541pp, indexed. - JZL - (Maybe still available through the "INDIAN LIBERTARIAN". - For free clearing but still for centralized note issue and gold redemption upon presentation of clearing cheques. From my point of view this work is so full or errors that I had so far hesitated to list it as a free banking book. But at least it is a collection of materials and arguments related to it. The only point that I can easily agree with is that a problem of money shortage does exist, at least temporarily, and can, during this period, cause great problems. - Some libertarian money reformers deny even this. - J.Z.)

BILGRAM, HUGO, A Commercial Clearing House - A Substitute for Elastic Currency and a Simple Remedy for Financial Stringency. Philadelphia, 27pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

BILGRAM, HUGO, A Study of the Money Question. Philadelphia, 1889, Humboldt Publishing Co., N.Y., 1894/5, Libertarian Social Institute, Bombay, 1955, 55pp, in PP 645. - JZL. - While he opposed the money monopoly and proposes, what he calls "free banking", he suggested that the government, for reasons of expedience, and acting merely as an agent, provide "a single, uniform issue, which can be most advantageously controlled by that social organization which is invested with the function of preventing infractions of equal freedom." - Page 52. Such qualifications have so far prevented me from closely reading his writings. - J.Z.)

BILGRAM, HUGO, Analysis of the Nature of Capital & Interest. pages 129-151, THE JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, XVI/3, March 1908, 24pp, 29x, in PP 732.

BILGRAM, HUGO, Involuntary Idleness, an Exposition of the Cause of the Discrepancy Existing between the Supply of and the Demand for Labor and its Products. Philadelphia, Pa., 1889 Lippincott, 119 pp. - LMP seeks a copy. One is among the Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. It was in Tucker’s estimation “the best treatise on money and the relations of money to labor that has been written in the English languages since Colonel William B. Greene published his Mutual Banking.” - Rocker, Pioneers. - (B. was a very frequent contributor to "Liberty". - J.Z.) - A remarkably fine analysis of interest, showing that it is due to the scarcity of money. It also shows the evil results of usury. - Tandy, Voluntary Socialism. - It contains a very flawed analysis of interest. A competitive supply of currency can reduce only the interest on short-term turnover loans, not the interest on productive capital investments. Only indirectly can the promotion of turnovers also help to increase the capital supply and thereby reduce interest. On the other hand, under full economic freedom productivity might increase so fast that the returns on capital and thereby the returns also to the lender, not only the borrower, will be larger, than before! The investor, considering capital as pre-done labor, is entitled to a fair share in the additional production achieved through his loan, for his “pre-done labor”. - J.Z., 28.3.10. - On the other hand, an inflationary issue of legal tender paper money, by a central bank, will tend to increase interest rates, in attempts to make up, at least partly, for the depreciation of such monies. - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BILGRAM, HUGO, The Iron Law of Wages. 1887.- James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - Is there another “iron law for wages” than the experience that they can only become significantly increased under economic freedom, combined with increased productivity, which requires capital investments, use of science and technology and educational opportunities, as well as alternatives to the employer-employee relationship. - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BILGRAM, HUGO, The Quantity Theory Scrutinized." THE JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, XXIX (November, 1921), 757-766. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - Is J. M. M. still alive and active? - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BILGRAM, HUGO, The Remedy for Overproduction and Unemployment. New York, Vanguard Press & The Foundation for Financial Research, 1928, 113pp. - JZL.

BILL OF EXCHANGE AND PRIVATE BANKS IN LANCASHIRE, 1790-1830, THE, (Ec.H.R., vol. xv, 1945, nos. 1 and 2). Reprinted in T. S. Ashton and R. S. Sayers (eds.), Papers in English Monetary History (Oxford, 1953.).

BILLIAS, GEORGE ANTHAN, The Massachusetts Land Bankers of 1740. University of Maine Bulletin, April 1959. - Rothbard. - The only sound land bankers were those, who merely transformed large mortgages into small mortgage letters, in handy denominations, which, AS CAPITAL CERTIFICATES, not as cash, or currency notes, are much more transferable, thus can find many more acceptors and thus make it relatively easy to raise money for mortgages. That distinction is still not generally realized by those, who merely think in terms of “securities” for notes, instead of assuring their immediate and short-term reflux to the issuers, by establishing an immediate and short-term demand for them. - There is money and money, capital and currency, there are securities and securities, credit and credit. Whoever cannot diagnose the various disctinctions will be unable to prescribe the suitable forms for each and to advise how to keep them sound, rather than deceptive of promising something that they cannot by their nature deliver at any time or when they are due. - I do not know whether this book does make the necessary distinctions. - J.Z., 11.6.10.

BILLINGSLEY, PHILLIP, Ergodic Theory and Information. 1978. Huntington: Kreiger Publishers. - Paul Davidson, The Economics of Ignorance or Ignorance of Economics.

BILSON, JOHN F. O., A Dynamic Model of Devaluation." CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 11 (May 1978): 194-209. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - As a measure of monetary despotism an artificial devaluation of any currency below its market rate can hardly be a model in the best sense. One might as well speak of dynamic models for rape, robbery or murder. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

BILSON, JOHN F. O., A Proposal For Monetary Reform. Unpublished manuscript (Sept. 1980). - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - WORKING PAPER IN ECONOMICS No.E-80-7, Domestic Studies Program, Hoover Inst., Stanford U., March 1981. - Robert E. Hall.

BILSON, JOHN F. O., The ECU and the Choice of an Invoice Currency. - In: Levich, Richard M. & Sommariva, Andrea, eds. The ECU Market. Lexington, Massachusetts, Lexington Books, 1987, 145-155. - Cowen & Kroszner.

BINEZO, K.. Cours Forcé des Emissions Fiduciaires. Diss. Paris 1883. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BINGAY, MALCOLM, Detroit: It's My Home Town. New York: Bobbs-Merril, 1946. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BINN, Prof. Dr. FELIX G., Der konsequente Monetarismus. Erschienen in der Schriftenreihe der Sozialwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft 1950 e. V. Hamburg, MENSCH TECHNIK GESELLSCHAFT (mtg), Sonderdruck und Heft Nr. 33.

BINN, Prof. Dr. FELIX G., Keynes passé. Vivat Friedman? Erschienen in der Schriftenreihe der Sozialwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft 1950 e. V. Hamburg. MENSCH TECHNIK GESELLSCHAFT. (mtg), Sonderdruck und Heft Nr. 33.

BINN, Prof. Dr. FELIX G., Konjunkturpolitik am Scheideweg. Fiskalismus oder Monetarismus? Vortrag am Parteitag der Liberalsozialistischen Partei der Schweiz, Bern, 16.4.1977. 19 S. - Ein Vortrag vom 18.4.1977, Zürich, überarbeitete Fassung - Offenbar Gesellianer, obwohl sie ihn in den Titeln ihrer Schriften nicht erwähnen. Ich sehe ihn nur erwähnt auf der Innenseite des Umschlagblattes: „Silvio Gesellspende 1977“ (sic!) - Indexiert in Beilage Seite, mit „Empfehlenswerte Schriften“, 21pp. - JZL.Weder Gesellianism, noch Goldeinlösung, Fiskalismus

BINN, Prof. Dr. FELIX G., Vordemokratische Systemvorteile und demokratischer Liberalismus in: Wirklichkeit und Wahrheit. Heft 4/76 der Freien Akademie, Osnabrück.

BINSWANGER, H. C., Geld & Natur. Das wirtschaftliche Wachstum im Spannungsfeld zwischen Oekonomie und Ökologie. Stuttgart, Wien. 1991. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de  (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

BIRCK, F. V., The Scourge of Europe. - G. D. H. Cole. - Such a general title could contain very different contents. Probably just the usual “money-reformer”, e.g. a Gesellian or anti-interest fanatic or believer in a “banker’s conspiracy” or other anti-capitalist. Cole was also a leftist money reformer. I can only guess, in ignorance of this text as well, until I am enlightened by others about it. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

BISHOP, A. L. The State Works of Pennsylvania. CONNECTICUT ACADEMY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE. J.Z., 25.5.10, in, Vol. XIII. - McGrane, The Panic of 1837.

BISHOP, J. LEANDER, A History of American Manufactures from 1608 to 1860. 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1861-8. Vol. II. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BISSANTZ, EDGAR, Memories of the 1923 German Inflation. THE FREEMAN, Sep. 86, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.25.

BISSCHOP, W. ROOSEGAARDE, The Rise of the London Money Market, 1640-1826. English translation, 1910, reprinted 1968. London: P. S. King & Son. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System. - “which is dated but still very useful.” - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

BJARNASON, LEIFUR, The Milhaud Plan and the Revival of International Trade. Appendix VII, p.338. - MILHAUD, Prof. Edgard, Ending the Unemployment & Trade Crisis. London, Williams & Norgate, 1935.

BLACK CRAYON, THE, http://www.blackcrayon.com/ "The latest welcome addition to the marginalized Tuckerite community. Some great articles and links."

BLACK, FISCHER, A Gold Standard with Double Feedback and Near Zero Reserves. - Unpublished, MIT, Dec. 1981. - Robert E. Hall.

BLACK, FISCHER, Active and Passive Monetary Policy in a Neoclassical Model. JOURNAL OF FINANCE, 27: 801-14. 1972. - White, Competition & Currency.

BLACK, FISCHER, Banking and Interest Rates in a World Without Money: The Effects of Uncontrolled Banking, JOURNAL OF BANK RESEARCH 1: (Autumn 1970) I(3): 8-28. - White, Competition & Currency. - 8-20, according to Scott Sumner. 9-20, according to Bennett T. McCallum & Selgin. - J.Z. - Should have been named: Banking not controlled by politicians and bureaucrats but by the banks and their customers. - Self-control is not the same as control by unwanted third parties. Genuine control does not come from territorial States. Abuses do. - J.Z., 7.6.10.

BLACK, FISCHER, Business Cycles and Equilibrium. 1987. New York: Basil Blackwell Press. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

BLACK, FISCHER, Noise. 1986. JOURNAL OF FINANCE. July, 41, 529-543. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

BLACK, FISCHER, Uniqueness of the Price Level in Monetary Growth with Rational Expectations. 1974. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC THEORY 7, 53-65.

BLACK, JOHN R., Young Japan. London, 1881. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BLACK, ROBERT F., A Proposal to Clarify the Fed's Policy Mandate. - In Dorn & Schwartz, 1983ff. - At least morally it has not got any mandate. - except by its voluntary supporters, who have failed to limit their activities to their own spheres, at their own expense and risk. In other words, it does not have any mandate over dissenters. Towards them it practises nothing but monetary despotism - under false pretences. - J.Z., 2.5.10.

BLACKABY, F., An Incomes Policy for Britain. (ed.), Heinemann, London, 1972. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BLACKBURN, K., Credibility and Time Consistency in Monetary Policy. (1989) mimeo, Southampton: University of Southampton. - Dowd

BLACKETT, Sir BASIL, Planned Money. - “accounts of proposals to stabilize business by monetary policy.” - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952.

BLACKETT, SIR BASIL, The World's Economic Crisis. The Halley Stewart Lecture, 1931. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - “The World” had no crisis but the central banking system had and, thereby, the people of the world, as a result of this system. The shots should be properly called. Only then can the rightful and necessary corrections be undertaken. It was a crisis produced by the supposed experts and representatives, with their “system” and “measures”, “for” or, rather, against the people of the world, largely with the ignorant and prejudiced consent of the victims, who took these government-made crises as if they were natural catastrophes and inherent in genuine economics. - J.Z., 30.3.10. - Under very extensive and costly governmental “controls”, prohibitions, penalties and restrictions many fraudsters do still do get away with a lot. Governmental courts do not hold the culprits sufficiently responsible but allow them to start up in their kinds of “business” once again. See e.g. THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, Weekend Business, pages 1 & 4. “Where Are they now? A report on corporate leaders, who, between them, lost their investors 30 billion dollars - but still do all right for themselves, now! Under fully free competition and full publicity they could not get away with as much as they do now. However, ignorant adults, just like children, can be fooled and government schools and universities spread more ignorance and prejudices than genuine knowledge in their misnamed statist “social sciences”. - J.Z., 24.6.10.

BLAIN, ROBERT, United States Public and Private Debt: 1791 to 2000., INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, UNESCO, November, 1987. Paris. - Greco (1990)

BLAINEY, GEOFFREY, Gold and Paper: A History of the National Bank of Australasia Limited. Melbourne, Georgian House. 1958. - Dowd. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

BLAIR, ALEXANDER, Testimony in the “Report from the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the State of the Circulation of Promissory Notes under the Value of £5 in Scotland and Ireland…" - British Sessional Papers, House of Commons, vol. 3. - New York: Readex Microprint. - Lawrence H. White.

BLAKE, G. H., United States Paper Money. New York, 1908. - Carothers, Fractional Money.

BLAKE, W., Observations on the Effects produced by the Expenditure of Government during the restriction of cash payments. [Beobachtungen über die Wirkungen der Regierungsausgaben während der Aufhebung der Barzahlungen.] London 1823. 107 196. - MARX.

BLANC, CH., Mittelständische Detailhandelspolitik. in Handbuch der Schweizerischen Volkswirtschaft, Bd.I, S.350 ff., 2. Aufl., Bern 1955. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BLANC, JÉRÔME, Les monnaies paralléles. Unité et diversité du fait monétaire. Université Lumière Lyon 2 / Centre Walras, France), L'Harmattan eds, 2000, 351pp. - Flyer, 1p, for French book, with contents list, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.621. French-written book. Dollarization, school vouchers, community currencies, counterfeit moneys. Beyond their obvious distinctive features, all have in common to be part of the monetary fact, insofar as these things, since they are used as means of payment or units of account, take a monetary quality. This book aims at gathering them in the framework of a reassessed money concept on the basis of the monetary uses. It appears consequently that a part of these uses is done with a very diversified set of things, far from the only territorial currencies, in a permanent way and whatever the studied area. This analysis of the edge of money finally leads to a study and a reassessment of its very grassroots. Here lies all the stake of the theoretical and the empirical analysis of parallel money. - Centre Walras, centre.walras@ish-lyon.cnrs.fr - Contents: Introduction, PREMIÈRE PARTIE : CONCEPT DE MONNAIE ET MONNAIES PARALLÈLES: Chapitre premier - Fonctions et pratiques monétaires, Chapitre 2 - Instruments et système monétaires, Chapitre 3 - La qualité monétaire des instruments, Chapitre 4 - Les monnaies parallèles comme concept Chapitre 5 - Synthèse de la recherche effectuée, SECONDE PARTIE: DIVERSITÉ DU FAIT MONÉTAIRE Chapitre 6 - L'emploi de monnaies étrangères, Chapitre 7 - Quelques instruments d'importance mineure, Chapitre 8 - Les bons d'achat, Chapitre 9 - Principes et formes du localisme monétaire, Chapitre 10 - Quatre expériences phare de localisme monétaire (Stamped money, WIR, LETS, Ithaca Hour), Chapitre 11 - Le rapport des expériences monétaires locales au marché et à la monnaie, Chapitre 12 - Le jeu du marché : fidélisation du client et localisme de capitation, Chapitre 13 - Les formes de l'organisation monétaire. Conclusion --- EDITIONS L'HARMATTAN, France - 5-7 rue de l'école Polytechnique, 75005 Paris; Italia - Via Bava, 37, 10214 Torino; Canada - 55 rue Saint-Jacques, Montréal (Qc), H2Y1K9

BLANC: See Le Blanc.

BLANCHET, J. ADRIEN, Nouveau manuel de numismatique du Moyen Age et moderne. With Atlas. 1890, 2 tom. - Alexander Del Mar, History of Money in America, 1889, 1968. - Alexander Del Mar, History of Money in America, 1889, 1968.

BLANCHETTE, JUDE, Anderson, Hazlitt, and the Quantity Theory of Money. - Journal of Libertarian Studies - Vol. 19, No. 1. - Online at the Mises Institute.

BLANDEN, MICHAEL. Bringing Greek Banking up to Date." THE BANKER (June 1985), 33-34. - Until recently the government dictated hundreds of different rates for different categories of loans. - White, Competition & Currency.

BLANKERTZ, STEFAN, an Helmut Creutz, zwei Briefe, 1983 & 19.12.1983, & "Information zur Staatskritik, Nr. 1: Was mit dem Geld auf Ihrem Konto Passiert, oder: Wo Inflation gemacht wird und wer daran verdient," in PP 741/42. (Zu diesem speziellen Thema ist Creutz ihm in seinen Antworten überlegen. Aber wenn es um Zins geht, dann sind B.'s Argumente besser. Nichtsdestotrotz, die Zinsgegnerschaft von Creutz ist beachtenswert durch sorgfältige und klare Zusammenstellung der Argumente gegen Zinsen. - Even a flawed or false case can be well argued for. - J.Z.)

BLANQUI, JEROME A., Histoire de l'Économie Politique en Europe depuis les Anciens, jusqu' à Nos Jours. 2 vols. Paris, 1860.

BLANQUI, JEROME A., History of Political Economy. Eng. transl. New York, 1880. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BLÄTTER FÜR ZÜRCHERISCHE RECHTSPRECHUNG, Neue Folge der Schweizer Blätter für Handelsgerichtliche Entscheidungen, Zürich, (zit. B1ZR). - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BLAU, JOSEPH L. Introduction: Jacksonian social thought. (1947) in JOSEPH BLAU, L., Social Theories of Jacksonian Democracy: Representative Writings of the Period 1825-1850, (ed.) Hafner Publishing Company. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BLAU, JOSEPH L. Social Theories of Jacksonian Democracy: Representative Writings of the Period 1825-1850. (ed.) New York, (1947) Hafner Publishing Company. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1954. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

BLAUG, MARK, Economic Theory and Economic History in Great Britain, 1650-1776. PAST AND PRESENT, No 28 (1964). - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

BLAUG, MARK, Economic Theory in Retrorespect. 3rd. ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978. - Cowen & Krosner.

BLAUM, KURT, Das Geldwesen in der Schweiz. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von Knapp, Strassburg, Verlag von Karl Truebner. Heft XXIV, 1908.

BLEIBERG, ROBERT M., Tax Reform - Real or Spurious? - CMRE Monographs No.18.

BLEIBERG, ROBERT M., The Thrust toward Genuine Tax Reform. 6pp: in PEACE PLANS 1581/1582, p.149. From IMPRIMIS. - Nothing but the abolition of compulsory taxes would be a genuine and radical enough reform. - J.Z.

BLIND, Prof. Dr. AUGUST, Mass-, Münz- und Gewichtswesen. Sammlung Göschen, Leipzig, G. J. Göschen’sche Verlagshandlung, 1906, mit Register, 159 S. - JZL.

BLISS, W. D. P., New Encyclopedia of Social Reform. New York, Funk &Wagnalls, 1908. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - 2 pages on the 1898 edition are in PEACE PLANS 1425. The 1909 edition, 1416pp, is 36x reduced in PEACE PLANS 511-514. All such reference works could and should by now be offered on CDs. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

BLOCK, WALTER, Fanatical, Not Reasonable: A Short Correspondence between Walter Block and Milton Friedman. - Vol. 20 Num. 3 - Journal of Libertarian Studies - Online at the Mises Institute. FB?

BLOCK, WALTER, Hayek, Business Cycles, and Fractional Reserve Banking: Continuing the De-Homogenization Process. - Vol. 9 Num. 1 - Review of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

BLOCK, WALTER, Mises Media, http://www.mises.org/media.aspx?action=showname&ID=443

BLOCK WALTER, Radical Privatization of Gold: A Critique of Friedman, Mundell, Hayek, and Greenspan. - MANAGERIAL FINANCE, 1999, 25(5), pp. 15-33. October 19, 1999 - Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute.

BLOCK WALTER, The Gold Standard: A Critique of Friedman, Mundell, Hayek, and Greenspan from the Free Enterprise Perspective. (1999). Online at the Mises Institute.

BLOCK, WALTER, Yes, We Have No Chaff: A Reply to Wagner’s “Austrian Cycle Theory: Saving the Wheat While Discarding the Chaff. - Vol. 4 Num. 1 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

BLODGETT, SAMUEL, Jr., Economica. Washington, 1810. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BLOOMFIELD, A. I.. Capital Imports and the American Balance of Payments. Chicago, 1950. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

BLOUGH, ROGER M., Minimizing the Effect of Controls." MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW, Vol. 97, No. 3, March 1974, pp. 39-42. - (Excerpted from a paper presented to the 26th annual meeting of the Industrial Relations Research Association and the American Economic Association in New York, December 1973. The former chairman of the U.S. Steel Corporation argues against controls.). - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. . - Did he consider their abolition? - J.Z.

BLÜHER, HANS; SCHMID, WERNER; UHLEMAYR, B.; FÜHRER, HANS JOACHIM; KLÜPFEL, PAULS & ANDERE, Silvio Gesell. Zeitgenössische Stimmen zum Werk und Lebensbild eines Pioniers. Rudolf Zitzmann Verlag, Lauf bei Nürnberg, 1960, mit chronologischem Verzeichnis der wichtigsten Schriften von Gesell, 132 S. - JZL.

BLUMBERG, PHILLIP I., Introduction to the Politicalization of the Corporation." The Record of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, Vol. 26, No. 5. May 1971, p.369. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BLUMENTHAL, G., Die Befreiung von der Geld- und Zinsherrschaft. Berlin 1916. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen. Weder das Geld noch der Zins herrschen! Aber einige wenige Menschen haben das Geldemissionsmonopol in ihren Händen und auch die Bestimmung des Wertmasses für die Bevölkerung eines ganzen Landes und missbrauchen diese unrechtmässigen und unökonomischen Privilegien unter allerlei Vorwänden, die insgesamt eine immer noch vorherrschen populäre aber sekuläre Religion bilden, ganze Völker irreführend and schädigend im grössten Ausmasse. Die Folgen schliessen ein: Inflationenn Deflationen, Stagflationen, grosse und andauernde Arbeitslosigkeit, Verarmung, Unrechtmässige Eigentumsverteilung, sogar Kriege, Bürgerkriege, blutige Revolutionen, Diktaturen, Verfolgungen, Massenmorde und Terrorismus. Sie bereiten auch einen allgemeinen Atomkrieg vor. - Dieses Monopol ist wahrscheinlich noch unrechtmässiger, unsinniger und schädlicher als ein Monopol für Gewichts- , Längen- und Volumen-Masse und ihre Messungsmittel sein würde und eine „Politik“, die diese Masse beständig verändert und, gewöhnlich auch verschlechtert und ihnen, zwischendurch, auch oft einen Seltenheitswert gibt. Viele glauben an dieses Monopol immer noch, ebenso wie andere noch an einen gütigen, weisen und allmächtigen Gott, allen ihren täglichen Erfahrungen zum Trotz. - Das „Führerprinzip“ und seine Anwendung und Institutionen, haben auch in dieser Hinsicht ganz versagt, in ihrer Praxis, aber nicht in ihrer Propaganda und ihrem Dummenfang. - Aus allen solchen unrechtmässigen, irrationalen, schädlichen Systemen, ganzen Völkern aufgezwungen, müssen endlich Einzelne und Minderheiten ganz frei austreten können, um ihre eignen Angelegenheiten nach den eignen Grundsätzen und Institutionen regeln zu können, unabhängig von den Verfassungen, Gesetzen und Rechtsprechungen der verbleibenden freiwilligen Opfer des monetären Despotismus. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

BOARD OF CURRENCY OF NEW YORK, Several reports in the BANKERS' MAGAZINE for 1859 and 1860. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, All Bank Statistics. Washington, D.C., 1956. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski.

BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, Banking and Monetary Statistics. (Washington, D.C.: 1943), 468-71. - Re gold clause legislation & jurisdiction. - Steven L. Green, July 86.

BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, Banking Studies. Baltimore: Waverly Press, 1941.

BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, The Federal Reserve System, Its Purposes and Functions. Washington: U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 1938, fifth: 1939. - On pages 199& 200 it mentions 10 others of its publications, which I will not bother to list here. Writings for central banking, probably, still outnumber free banking writings by a factor of at least 10 to one, if not even 100 to 1 or 1000 to one. - J.Z., 7.3.10.J.Z.L. 1963. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - Does the FED have any quite rightful purposes and functions? - J.Z., 4.4.10. - BOARD OF GOVERNORS, FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, ANNUAL REPORTS 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, Washington, D. C. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BOARD OF GOVERNORS, FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, Bank Credit-Card and Check-Credit Plans. Washington, D. C. 1968, p.102. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BOARD OF GOVERNORS, FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, Selective Credit Control. Washington, D. C. 1969. p. 9. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - Who or what controls the controllers? - J.Z., 15.4.10.

BOARD OF GOVERNORS, FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, Survey of Financial Characteristics of Consumers. Washington, D. C. 1966, p. 166. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - Has it made a similar survey of governments as consumers? - J.Z., 15.4.10.

BOARD OF GOVERNORS, FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, The Legitimacy of Central Banks. Washington, D. C. 1969, p.16. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - A title like: The Lawlessness, Arbitrariness, Immorality and Harmfulness of Central Banking” would interest me much more. - J.Z., 15.4.10.

BOARDMAN, GEORGE, Steps to Freedom. Published by K. Paucitis, contains some monetary freedom ideas. - Alas, I have been out of touch with K. Paucitis for many years and G. B. died, long ago. - J.Z., l11.5.10.

BOARDMAN, JAMES, America and the Americans. London, 1833. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BOARMAN, PATRICK M., Floating Exchange Rates and World-Wide Inflation. Monetary Tract, Number 13. Connecticut: Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Inc., February, 1976. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold.

BOAS, GEORGE, Romanticism in America. (ed.) Baltimore. 1940. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BOASE, C. W., A Century of Banking in Dundee. 2nd ed. Edinburgh, R. Grant, 1867, on the Dundee Banking Company. - James Douglas + White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BOASE, HENRY, A Letter … to Lord King in Defense of the Conduct of the Banks of England and Ireland. London, 1804. - Selgin.

BOBBA, CESARE, Cartamoneta Italiana Catalogo universale dal 1746 al giorni nostri. Asti 1971. - Albert Pick

BOBER, M. M., Marx and Economic Calculations. 1946. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 36 (June): 344-57. - Frank Vorhies

BODEN, H.; FORBERT, K. & SCHMÖLDERS, G., Freizügigkeit der Menschen, der Güter und des Kapitals als Grundproblem der europäischen Integration. 1954. - Rittershausen, Wirtschaft, 1960 Auflage. - Not only physical and geographical mobility are rightful and needed but also individual and exterritorial and group autonomy for voluntary communities, on a personal law or exterritorial autonomy basis. Then territorial politics can no longer block voluntary economic integration. - J.Z., 13.6.10.

BODENHORN, HOWARD, Entry, Rivalry, and Free Banking in Antebellum America. (1990)  mimeo, New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University. - Dowd  - THE REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS (1990), 682-686. - Piepenbrink

BODENHORN, HOWARD, Irish Free Banking.' (1989a) an unpublished MS, New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University, published in slightly revised form as chapter 8 of K. Dowd (ed.) The Experience of Free Banking, London: Routledge, 1992.

BODENHORN, HOWARD, Two Episodes of Free Banking in Ireland: Scotland's Forgotten Sister.' (1989b) unpublished MS.

BODIN, JEAN (JOHN BODINUS), Discours sur le Rehaussement et Diminution des Monnoyes. Paris, 1578. Also another edition, Lyons, 1593. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BODKIN, RONALD G. & LERNER, ABBA P., Two Lectures on the Wage-Price Problem. University of British Columbia, Department of Economics, Vancouver, British Columbia, 1974. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BOECKH, AUGUSTUS, The Public Economy of the Athenians. Translated from the second German ed. by Anthony Lamb, Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1857, London, 1857. - Groseclose, (1934). Money & Man. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933.

BOEHM, E. A., Prosperity and Depression in Australia, 1887-97. (1971) Oxford: Clarendon. - Dowd

BOETIE, ETIENNE de la, The Politics of Obedience: A Discourse on Voluntary Servitude. Free Life Editions, New York, 1975. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

BOFINGER, PETER, Währungswettbewerb. Cologne, West Germany: Carl Haymanns Verlag. 1985. - Cowen & Kroszner. - That was, possibly, one effect of Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen teaching there for many years. - J.Z., 10.6.10.

BOGART, ERNEST LUDLOW, Financial History of Ohio. University of Illinois Studies in the Social Sciences, vol. I, nos. 1 and 2. Urbana, Ill., 1912. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BOGART, ERNEST LUDLOW, The Economic History of The United States. Longmans, Green & Co., New York, London, Bombay & Calcutta, 1913, with bibliography & index: 597pp. - JZL. - New York, 1918. - Schilke

BOGEN, JULES I., & KROOSS, HERMAN E., Savings and Other Time Deposits in Commercial Banks. New York: New York University, Graduate School of Business Administration, 1962. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BOGEN, JULES I., Financial Handbook. ed. 4th ed., New York: Ronald, 1964. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BOGEN, JULES I., The Changing Composition of Bank Assets. New York: New York University, Graduate School of Business Administration, 1961. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BÖHLEI, E., Grundlehren der Nationalökonomie. 2. Aufl., Bern 1948. - Gisin (1955)

BÖHM-BAWERK, EUGEN von, Capital and Interest: A Critical History of Economic Theory. 1884, OLL, Econlib. Capital and Interest, - New York, 1932 (first English translation published 1890). - Libertarian Press, South Holland, Illinois, 1959. - Three volumes in one. I. History and Critique of Interest Theories. II. Positive Theory of Capital. III. Further Essays on Capital and Interest. Libertarian Press, South Holland, Illinois, 1959, I. 490pp with index, II., 466pp with author index, III. 346pp with author index. - JZL. - Capital and Interest NY: MacMillan, 1890. - Online at the Mises Institute. - Microfiche offer: BÖHM-BAWERK, EUGEN von, Ritter, 1851-1914, Capital and interest A critical history of economical theory, translated with a preface and analysis by William Smart, 1853-1915...1144. - Imprint: Macmillan and Co., London and New York. 1890, Pagination: xlv,[1],431,[1]p. 8o, Subject Headings: Capital, Economics, Interest and usury, British Library Shelf mark: 08227.g.3, Fiche Quantity: 5 fiches; 11x15 cm, Fiche Number: 1.1.7997, The Nineteenth Century Home Page | Help | Help Contents | Refine Search - About The Nineteenth Century | Chadwyck-Healey Home Page - Send your queries to our Webmaster. Copyright (c) 1998 Chadwyck-Healey Ltd.

BÖHM-BAWERK, EUGEN von, Positive Theorie des Kapitals. 2. Auflage, 1902, Insbruck. I. Abschnitt: Der Wert. II. Abschnitt: Der Preis. (Titel und S.135-179 & 189-248). In: DIEHL & MOMBERT, 5.Band, Wert & Preis II, S.132. 1920, Karlsruhe i.B., G. Braunsche Hofbuchdruckerei und Verlag.

BÖHM-BAWERK, EUGEN von, Recent Literature on Interest. - Recent Literature on Interest - MacMillan, 1903 - Online at the Mises Institute.

BÖHM-BAWERK, EUGEN von, The Function of Saving. - "Function of Saving, The" - Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 17 (1901). - Online at the Mises Institute.

BÖHM-BAWERK, EUGEN von, The Origin of Interest. - The Origin of Interest (1896)

BÖHM-BAWERK, EUGEN von, The Positive Theory of Capital. 1884, OLL, Econlib. The Positive Theory of Capital (1888) - London, 1891. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - The Positive Theory of Capital - NY: G. E. Stechert, 1930 - Online at the Mises Institute.

BÖHM-BAWERK, EUGEN von, The Ultimate Standard of Value. - The Ultimate Standard of Value (1895) - "Ultimate Standard of Value, The" - Shorter Classics, South Holland, IL: Libertarian Press, 1962, pp. 302-370. - Online at the Mises Institute.

BÖHM-BAWERK, EUGEN von, Wert. Artikel im Handwörterbuch der Staatswissenschaften, 3. Auflage, 8. Band, Jena 1911. - Sehr zahlreiche Literaturangaben - nach Diehl & Mombert, Wert und Preis I, 1912.

BOISARD, JEAN, Traité des Monoyes, de leurs circonstances et dépendances. Paris, 1692. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. - Traité des Monoys, Paris, 1714. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BOISGUILLEBERT, PIERRE de, Dissertation sur la nature des richesses, de l'argent et des tributs etc. [Abhandlung über das Wesen der Reichtümer, des Geldes und der Abgaben etc.] In: Collection des principaux économistes. Bd. I: Economistes financiers du XVIIIième siècle. Hrsg. von Daire. Paris 1843. 52 131 132 133. - MARX. - If only Marx had studied money and free exchange sufficiently! - Poor people, severely underdeveloped countries, honest and industrious people, “proletarians”, would have derived the greatest benefits of full monetary and financial freedom. Instead, he directed them even further towards monetary and financial despotism, with disastrous results, lasting for all too long, statism being wrong and counter-productive, not only in the sphere of production but also in the sphere of exchange. - He never discovered the root causes of involuntary poverty. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

BOISSEVAIN, G. M., La Question Monétaire. Paris, 1895.

BOISSONADE, P., Life and Work in Medieval Europe. (Translated by Eileen Power). New York, 1927. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BOLIN, STURE, State and Currency in the Roman Empire. Almquist and Wiksell, Stockholm, 1958. - Timothy Green, The World of Gold Today.

BOLLES, ALBERT S., Financial History of the United States. New York; D. Appleton & Co., many editions, e.g. from: 1789 to 1860, New York, 1885. - - 1879-1886, New York, 1894. - - 1861 to 1885, 1883-1892. - - 1884-86, 1896. 3 vols. (1895ff.) - 3 vols.- Details given differ, including details: given as beginning with either: 1.) Financial …, 2.) A Financial, 3.) The Financial.... - Take your pick! - Perhaps the writer and the publisher did get as confused about its finance as it still seems to be today? - What I would like to see is: How would N.Y. City operate under voluntary taxation and panarchism? - J.Z., 2.5.10. - Financial History of the US, 1774-1885. On legal tender laws and legislation, in State Library of N.S.W. - J.Z.)

BOLLMAN, ERIC, Letter to Thomas Brand. 1819. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Selgin. Eric? Erich? - J.Z.

BOLLMAN, ERIC, Paragraphs on Banks. Philadelphia. 1810; 2d ed., improved, 1811. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BOLLMAN, ERIC, Plan of an Improved System of the Money Concerns of the Union. Philadelphia, 1816. - Selgin. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. (1810, - Miller, pp. 72/73.) - What is a reform is often thought to be deterioration by others. - J.Z., 11.5.10. - Let each profit or lose only directly by the results of his own actions among like-minded volunteers. - J.Z., 13.6.10.

BOLZ, KLAUS, Ist Inflation unser Schicksal? (Hrsg.), München: Goldmann 1972 (Grundfragen moderner Wirtschaftspolitik, Bd. 1). - Flamant. - Ich sage hier, mit G. C. Lichtenberg, „Was die meisten Schicksal nennen ist nur das Resultat ihrer eignen dummen Streiche!“ - nur von meinem schlechten Gedächtnis zitiert. - Ich nehme mir nicht die Zeit, die Originalversion aufzusuchen. Ich würde aber hinzusetzen: Und unserer ganz unverantwortlichen Unterlassungen! - Wie kann man einige der wichtigsten Grundrechte und Freiheiten einfach den Territorialregierungen überlassen. Da ist ganz unverständlich und unentschuldbar für mich! - J.Z., 11.3.10.

BOMBACH, BOLLES, ALBERT S., Ursachen der Nachkriegsinflation und Probleme der Inflationsbekämpfung. In: Stabile Preise in wachsender Wirtschaft, Tübingen 1960. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BOMBACH, GOTTFRIED, Quantitative und monetäre Aspekte des Wirtschaftswachstums. In: Schriften des Vereins für Sozialpolitik, N. F., Bd.15, Berlin 1959. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BOMBACH, GOTTFRIED, Studien zur Geldtheorie und monetäre Ökonometrie. (Hrsg.) Berlin: Duncker & Humblot 1972. - Flamant.

BONAR JAMES, Philosophy and Political Economy in some of their Historical Relations. London 1893. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BONDA, H. J., Goods Currencies. English University Press, London. For time limit on international payments, free convertibility. Knows former works of Milhaud but disagrees with all but his 1949 Geneva work: "The Compensation-Cheque". (LMP would like a copy of the latter work.)

BONGIE, LAURENCE L., David Hume Prophet of the Counter-Revolution. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1965. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BONNEFOUX, L., Vindication of the Free Banking System. Investigation … New York, 1848. - Redlich. - If only it had been a really free banking system! - Then its successes would have spoken for it, possibly to a sufficient degree. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

BOOL, HENRY, Henry Bool's Apology for His Jeffersonian Anarchism. Ithaca, N. Y., 1901. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State.

BOOL, HENRY, Liberty Without Invasion, Means and End of Progress. Ithaca, N.Y., 1901. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State.

BOON, GEORGE D., Welsh Industrial Tokens & Medals. National Museum of Wales, 1972.

BOORMAN, JOHN T., & HAVRILESKY, THOMAS M., Money Supply, Money Demand, and Macroeconomic Models. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 1972. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BOOS, R., Der demokratische Gedanke und die Genossenschaften. Basel 1942. - Gisin (1955) - Auch über genossenschaftliche Notenbanken? - Ulrich von Beckerath schrieb viel über diese. - J.Z., 2.5.10.

BOOTH, ARCH N., Wage-Price Controls: The Challenge to Learn From History. Chamber of Commerce of the U.S., Washington, D.C., 1975. Booth was then president of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BORDES, de, The Austrian Crown. King, London, 1924. - Peter Bernholz, Currency Competition … . - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952.

BORDET, E., Essai sur la banque de France à propos du renouvellement du privilège. Paris 1889. - Obst.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID & ELLSON, RICHARD WAYNE, A Model of the Classical Gold Standard with Depletion. Journal of Monetary Economics 16 (July 1985):109-20. - For elaboration of the depletable resource theory of a gold standard. - White, Competition & Currency.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID & JONUNG, LARS, The Long-Run Behavior of the Velocity of Circulation. 1987. New York: Cambridge University Press. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90. - With shop foundation currency, issued by an association of local shops and given, mostly, only a short circulation period, say 3 months, there is no long-run behavior in the velocity of its circulation except its short term or rapid reflux to the issuers. There they will be cancelled or destroyed and replaced by new issues, just like tickets, which will make their control by the issuers easier, too and reduce forgeries - further to its reduction already achieved by a more limited circulation area. - It will also make issuers and debtors of the issuing centre more independent of the “velocity” of the circulation of any monopoly money. - J.Z., 7.6.10.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID & REDISH, ANGELA, Was the establishment of a Canadian central bank in 1935 necessary?, (1988) in C. England and T. Huertas (eds) The Financial Services Revolution, The Cato Institute, Ch.4. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID & REDISH, ANGELA, Why Did the Bank of Canada Emerge in 1935? - 1985. Manuscript. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System. - 1986. Paper prepared for the Economic History Association, September. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. -

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID & SCHWARTZ, ANNA J., A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931. eds. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1984), 613-49, esp. 619-20. - White, Competition & Currency.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID & SCHWARTZ, ANNA J., The Importance of Stable Money: Theory and Evidence. pp 63-82 Comment by Gottfried Haberler, pp.83-92. - CATO JOURNAL, Vol.3, No. 1, Spring 83, The Search for Stable Money. - JZL. - Also in: In Dorn & Schwartz, 1983ff.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID, Explorations in Monetary History. A survey of literature. Mimeo, Univ. of South California. Copy wanted by LMP.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID, John E. Cairnes on the Effects of the Australian Gold Discoveries, 1851-73: An Early Application of the Methodology of Positive Economics. History of Political Economy 7 (Fall 1975): 337-59. - Gerald P. O’Driscoll, Jr., July 86.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID, Some Aspects of the Monetary Economics of Richard Cantillon. Journal of Monetary Economics 12 (August 1983): 235-58. - Gerald P. O’Driscoll, Jr., July 86.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID, The Classical Gold Standard: Some Lessons for Today. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF ST. LOUIS REVIEW 63 (May 1981): 2-17. - White, Competition & Currency.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID, The Effects of Monetary Change on Relative Commodity Prices and the Role of Long-Term Contracts. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 88 (December 1980): 1088-1109.

BORDO, MICHAEL DAVID, The Gold Standard: Myths and Realities. 1984. Chapter 8, 42pp, of: Barry N. Siegel, ed., Money in Crisis, 1984, San Francisco: Pacific Institute. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - 212, 213, 215. - For graphical evidence on the historical behavior of the purchasing
power of gold. - White, Competition & Currency. - JZL.

BORDREAUX, DONALD J., On Trade and Currency Manipulation. THE FREEMAN, 23.2.10, with blog entries, for free trade & free exchange rates, against protectionism. - All of THE FREEMAN is now online!

BORG, ERKKI: Suomessa Käytetyt Rahat. Finnland 1976. - Albert Pick - The monetary experience of mankind is so very rich - and yet the lessons that most people have drawn from it are either very poor or shine by their absence! - J.Z., 7.3.10. - All this experience and the ideas, opinions, theories and hypotheses behind it were never sufficiently brought together, ordered systematically and published sufficiently. - It is high time to finally do so. Otherwise not only the governments but also the monetary experimenters will stumble on, largely in ignorance and prejudices, with most people suffering from the consequences. - J.Z., 2.5.10.

BORGHT, Dr. R. van der, Die Entwicklung der Reichsfinanzen. Sammlung Göschen, Leipzig 1908, G. J. Göschen’sche Verlagshandlung, 170 S. - Wenigstens V/1 & V/2 über Reichskassenscheine und Darlehnskassenscheine, beide mit Steuerfundation, sind interessant, als Beispiele der Geldfreiheit für eine Regierung selbst. Heutige Regierungen und ihre „Sachverständigen“ haben diese Erfahrungen vergessen oder nie gelernt. - J.Z., 3.4.10. - JZL.

BORN, E., Die finanzielle Heranziehung der Zentralnotenbanken durch den Staat in Europa. Würzburg 1907. - Obst. - Der finanzielle Missbrauch der .... wäre ein mehr akkurater Titel. - Sie werden nicht nur vom Staat „herangezogen“, sonder gesetzlich geschaffen und gesetzlich geschützt - um sie dann auch ganz systematisch missbrauchen zu können. - Das ist nur möglich durch weitverbreitete und lang andauernde Unwissenheit und vorherrschende Vorurteile in den meisten offiziellen und privaten Köpfen. - J.Z., 2.5.10.

BORNITI, JACOBI, De Nummus, Hanoviae. 1608. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BORSODI, RALPH, A Pan-Humanist Manifesto. In A WAY OUT, Oct. 1963, discussed in the March 1964 issue, reproduced in PEACE PLANS 56.

BORSODI, RALPH, Inflation and the Coming Keynesian Catastrophe: The Story of the Exeter Experiment with Constants. Published jointly by The E. F. Schumacher Society, RD 3, Box 76, Great Barrington, MA 01230 (140 Jug End Road, Great Barrington, MA 01230) and the School of Living, RD 1, Box 185A, Cochranville, PA 19330, (432 Leaman Road, Cochranville, PA 19330) 1989. - Thomas Greco. (1990) www.reinventingmoney.com

BORSODI, RALPH, Inflation Is Coming. N.Y., 1945, 1948, 29x in PEACE PLANS 409.

BORSODI, RALPH, Inflation-Proof Money? Notice only in REASON, Sept. 74. On Borsodi's CONSTANTS, 1p, in PEACE PLANS PP 793. (I am still hoping that the School of Living will make Borsodi's voluminous papers available online or on disc. - J.Z.)

BORSODI, RALPH, Note on Banking as a Profession and its Reform. 1p, based on his article: The Nature of Banking, GREEN REVOLUTION, Dec. 77, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.701.

BORSODI, RALPH, Pan-Humanist Manifesto. A WAY OUT, Oct. 1963. - See above: A Pan-Humanist Manifesto.

BORSODI, RALPH, Seventeen Problems of Man and Society, 1968, 595pp, 42x, in PEACE PLANS 427.

BORSODI, RALPH, Some papers on and by Dr. Ralph Borsodi, 1886-1977, decentralist, money- and land reformer, free trader, peace lover and founder of the School of Living. compiled by J.Z., 24x, PEACE PLANS 56.

BORSODI, RALPH, The Nature Of Banking. 2pp, THE GREEN REVOLUTION, Dec. 77, in PEACE PLANS 906.

BORSODI, RALPH, This Ugly Civilization. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1929. (Also Harper, 1933) - Greco - www.reinventingmoney.com

BORTKIEWICZ, LUDWIG von, Das Währungspolitische Programm Otto Heyns. [The Currency Reform Program of Otto Heyn]. 1918. in Schmoller's Jahrbuch fuer Gesetzqebung. Verwaltung und Volkswirtschaft im Deutschen Reiche. edited by Hermann Schumacher and Arthur Spiethoff, Volume 42, Munich: Dunder and Humblot. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

BORTKIEWICZ, L., Die Frage der Reform unserer Währung und die Knappische Geldtheorie. in: ANNALEN FUER SOCIALE POLITIK UND GESETZGEBUNG.(*) (H. Braun), Band VI. Heft 1, 1918, S. 57-102. - Knapp. - (*) Die sind beide, unter dem Territorialsystem, meistens asozial. - J.Z., 8.3.10.

BORTKIEWICZ, L., Knapps Staatliche Theorie des Geldes. in der "NORDDEUTSCHEN ALLGEMEINEN ZEITUNG" vom 17. April 1918. - Knapp.

BORTKIEWICZ, L., Von, Die geldtheoretischen und währungspolitischen Konsequenzen des "Nominalismus". in: SCHMOLLERS JAHRBUCH, Band XXX, 4. Heft, 1906, S.1-34. - Knapp.

BOS, H. C, A Discussion on Methods of Monetary Analysis and Norms for Monetary Policy. Rotterdam 1956. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BOSANQUET, CHARLES, Practical Observations on the Report of the Bullion Committee. London, 1810. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. - Selgin.

BOSANQUET, J. W., Metallic, Paper and Credit Currency and the Means of Regulating their Quantity and Value. [Metall-, Papier- und Kreditumlaufsmittel und die Mittel zur Regulierung ihrer Quantität und ihres Werts.] London 1842. - MARX.

BOSCH, ALFRED & VEIT, REINHOLD, Theorie der Geldpolitik. Tübingen 1966. - Flamant.

BOSCH, W., Die Kreditrestriktionspolitik der Deutschen Reichsbank, 1924/26. Stuttgart 1927. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - There was not enough of the new currency issued in the first place. Then the bureaucracy hoarded much of what it got in tax funds before it spent it. On top of this an intentional credit restriction! The central bankers often do not know what they are doing to the economy. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BOSENIK, ALFRED, Neudeutsche, gemischte Bankwirtschaft. München 1912. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

BOSSHARDT, A., Warum darf die Schweiz nicht aufwerten? St. Gallen 1947. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - „Die Schweiz“ ist sehr verschieden von ihrer Regierung! - J.Z., 31.3.10.

BOSSHARDT, A., Wesen der Goldwährung und Voraussetzungen ihres Wiederaufbaus. St. Gallen 1935. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Sound gold weight value clearing and reckoning need not be “built” up but should merely no longer be outlawed! - Only the essentially unnecessary and costly gold coin hoards for superfluous metallic “redemptions” - of otherwise soundly issued and exchange media, with a sound reflux, do have to be “built up”. Some “experts” have still only the old model of the gold-smith banks in mind. They do not know or appreciate any other form of gold currency to assure the value of banknotes, especially not the readiness-to-accept foundation for them, by issuers of goods- and service vouchers, in convenient money denominations, who are also the providers of wanted consumer goods and services. They would, quite naturally, just like theatres and cinemas with their tickets for their performances, keep in balance the goods and service side with the exchange media side, aided by the fact that their money would be optional and market-rated, not forced and kept in circulation by legal tender: compulsory acceptance at a forced and fictitious value. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BOSTAPH, SAM, Greenspan’s Austrian Roots. - January 2001 - THE FREE MARKET. - Online at the Mises Institute. - Once he was in charge of the FED he cut them off, fast and almost completely and became just another governmental money manipulator, largely playing around only with its interest rates. What was the degree of inflation under him, compared with the degrees under his predecessors and his follower? - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BOTERO, GIOVANNI, A Treatise concerning the Causes of the Magnificence and Greatness of Cities. Translated into English by Robert Paterson. London, 1606. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BOTERO, GIOVANNI, Relations of the most Famous Kingdoms and Commonwealths throughout the World. Translated into English by R. I. London, 1630. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BÖTTGER, FRANZ, Was der Kaufmann im Verkehr mit der Reichsbank wissen muss. Leipzig 1903. - Obst. - Die meisten Kaufleute, Arbeiter und Arbeitgeber sehen immer noch nicht, dass sie für ihre Geschäfte, Arbeit und Betriebe auf das Monpolgeld der Zentralbank angewiesen sind und dass dieses Monopol schon für über ein Jahrhundert missbraucht wurde und dass alle ihre möglichen und erwünschten Umsätze ihrer Natur nach überhaupt nicht mit diesem Monopol möglich gemacht und genügend erleichtert werden können, ebensowenig wie der freie Meinungsaustausch genügend durch ein Parlament ausgeübt werden kann. Auch auf diesem Gebiet hilft nur Selbsthilfe im freien Wettbewerb. - J.Z., 2.5.10.

BOUCHE, CAMILLE, French review, 3 pp, p.195, of "Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail", containing essays by Milhaud, Beckerath, Zander and Rittershausen, in PEACE PLANS 802.

BOUCHMIL, O., Origines et Création de la Banque Nationale Suisse. Montpelier, 1906.

BOUCKAERT, BOUDEWIJN, Encyclopedia of Law and Economics. Encyclopedia of Law and Economics - Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. (2000). - Online at the Mises Institute.

BOUGHTON, JAMES M., & WICKER, ELMUS R., A Reply. (to Trescott). 1984. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 16(3) (August). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BOUGHTON, JAMES M., & WICKER, ELMUS R., The Behavior of the Currency-Deposit Ratio during the Great Depression. 1979.JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 11(4) (November). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - “Behavior” should have been replaced by e.g. “changes”. - The common language usage often demonstrates that the ancient belief in “demons”, who are supposed to make things happen, does still exist. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BOULDING, KENNETH E., Essays on Society, Religion and Ethics: Toward a General Theory of Growth. Ann Arbor 1968. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BOULDING, KENNETH E., Pathologies of the Market and their Cure. 2pp: in PEACE PLANS 1575/1575, p.130, from MARKET PROCESS. - A free market without e.g. full monetary freedom and exterritorial autonomy for alternative systems is not really a FREE market. - J.Z., 8.11.1999. - Many articles condemn themselves already by their title. How can one speak of a free market and ‘its pathologies’ under a system without financial freedom, as well, which means the absence of any imposed taxation tributes to the territorial rulers and their redistribution systems? - J.Z., 27.2.10. Ibid: HUTT, W. H., Critique of Boulding, 1p: 182. - On the supposed pathology of markets. - Alas, not in favor of a free market for monetary and governmental services! -. Not a whole free market is pathological but interventions with it are. They act like poison in the water, in the air, in food stuffs and in our bodies. - (Nicht ein ganz freier Markt ist pathologisch sondern Einmischungen in ihn sind es. Sie wirken wie Gifte im Wasser, in der Luft, in den Nahrungsmitteln und in unseren Körpern.) - J.Z., 25.5.10.

BOURDEILLESS: See BRANTÔME.

BOURDET, CLAUDE, A French View of the Wörgl Experiment, A New Economic Mecca. From L’ILLUSTRATION, 9.9.1933, reproduced in Appendix IX, pp. 349/50: MILHAUD, Prof. Edgard, ed., ANNALS OF COLLECTIVE ECONOMY, Geneva, Switzerland: 1934. - Ending the Unemployment & Trade Crisis. London, Williams & Norgate, 1935. - www.reinventingmoney.com - 1933, 2pp, in PP 769. - Most of those, who do still refer to this experiment, as a supposed proof for Silvio Gesell’s money reform, are still not aware that its limited successes were almost completely due not to the attempted and systematic slow depreciation of this money, to make it circulate faster, but due to its tax foundation, which mobilized much of the otherwise unpaid and unpayable tax “debts” for this community. Ulrich von Beckerath wrote on this in his third monetary freedom book, which I reproduced in PEACE PLANS 11, now also on the above website. - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BOURDET, CLAUDE, Une Opinion Française sur l'Expérience de Wörgl. in: Organisation des Echanges et Creation de Travail, by Edgard Milhaud, pp. 330, 331, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 744.

BOURG, P. & A. HANOT, Assignats Français. (franz., deutsch, engl.), Luxemburg 1975. - Albert Pick

BOURGOANNE, De, See: BURGOING.

BOURGOING, JEAN FRANCOIS de, Travels in Spain. London, 1789. 3 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BOURNE, EDWARD G., The History of the Surplus Revenue of 1837. New York, 1885. - White, Horace, (1895ff.) - What is, apparently, the same title, I found also recorded as: Distribution of the Surplus Revenue of 1837. New York, 1885. - McGrane, The Panic of 1837. & as: The Surplus Revenue of 1837. New York: Putnam, 1885. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks. - Input and corrections from many - into a common website and or CD compilation should be organized. - J.Z.

BOURNE, HENRY, Food Control and Price-fixing in Revolutionary France. THE JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, February 1919. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - March 1919, p.208. - All such attempts merely prevent sufficient supplies. - Just like the money issue monopoly prevents the easy sale of supplies and their continued production. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BOURNE, HENRY, Maximum Prices in France. AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, October 1917, p.112. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BOUTEROUE, CLAUDE, Recherches Curieuses des Monnoyes de France, depuis le commencement de la Monarchie, par Bouteroue. Paris, 1666. - “Contains a minute description of the earliest coins of France.” - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - Including tokens? - J.Z.

BOUZOU, NICOLAS, How Should We Define the Money Supply? - Mises Institute Working Papers - 1/5/01. - Online at the Mises Institute. - Let all those, who want to use monies, define, issue, accept or refuse to accept the kind of money that they prefer or distrust. Nobody has the right to lay down the law on this for others. The only law or constitutional clause or human rights statement required is: No government is to have any longer any say in this sphere, i.e., about exchange or clearing media or accounts and their value standards, freely adopted by others, who happen to disagree with the monetary, currency, credit-, interest and clearing “policy” of any territorial government. While taxation still exists, it has, in this sphere, only the legal right to issue its tax anticipation notes with tax foundation, on a stable value standard. There is no moral or economic right to issue any money with legal tender power towards others than the issuers. Afterwards, the diverse communities of volunteers will have their own contribution-based monies for their remaining public utilities and services. - J.Z., 20.2.10.

BOVARD, JAMES, The Great Gold Robbery. THE FREEMAN, June 99, 4pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.33. - Not that the taxation or tribute robbery of other means of payment is, morally and economically any better. - The official robbers, under false pretences, still take as much as they can get away with. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BOVARD, JAMES, The World Bank vs. the World's Poor. THE FREEMAN, May 88, 5pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.27.

BÖVENTER, E. v., Der Einfluß der Aufwertung auf die deutsche Zahlungsbilanz. Eine quantitative Untersuchung. In: WELTWIRTSCHAFTLICHES ARCHIV 1961, Heft 1. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BOW, J. D. B. De, Encyclopedia of the Trade and Commerce of the United States, More Particularly of the Southern and Western States. London, 1854. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BOWEN, FRANCIS, The Principles of Political Economy Applied to the Condition, the Resources and the Institutions of the American People. Boston, 1856. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BOWEN, HAROLD L., Early Michigan Script. No pub. cited, ca. 1969. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BOWEN, HAROLD L., State Bank Notes of Michigan. Detroit: Havelt Advertising Services, 1956. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BOWEN, IAN, Country Banking, the Note Issues and Banking Controversies in 1825." ECONOMIC HISTORY (supplement to the ECONOMIC JOURNAL) 3:68-88. 1938, in PEACE PLANS 732. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - vol. iv, Feb. 1938. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BOWER, RAY, Private Gold Mintage. - Denver. CALCOIN NEWS, Spring, 1963. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BOWER, ROBERT T., Note on 'Did Labor Support Jackson?: the Boston Story,'" POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY, LXV (September 1950), 441-4. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BOWERS, CLAUDE G., The Party Battles of the Jackson Period. New York, 1922. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BOWERS, JOHN & BALL, RAY, The Resource Rent Tax: A Penalty on Risk-Taking. CIS, 1984, 20pp, 36x, in PEACE PLANS 720.

BOWKER & ILES (R. R. & GEO.), Reader's Guide in Economic, Social and Political Science. New York, 1891. - Alexander Del Mar, History of Money in America, 1889, 1968.

BOWKER, H. F., A numismatic bibliography of the Far East. New York 1943. - Herbert Franke, Geld- & Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft.

BOWLEY, ARTHUR LYON, Prices and Wages in the United Kingdom, 1914-1920. Oxford University Press, 1921. - (Well-documented and readable review of the wartime experience with controls.) - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BOWLEY, Some Economic Consequences of the Great War. - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics. - The war cannot be rightly blamed for the continuance and legalization of any anti-economic wrong and stupidity. - J.Z., 4.4.10.

BOWSHER, NORMAN N., The Demand for Currency: Is the Underground Economy Undermining Monetary Policy?" 1980. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF ST. LOUIS REVIEW 62(1) (January). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BOYD, WALTER, A Letter to the Right Honourable William Pitt, on the Influence of the Stoppage of Issues in Specie at the Bank of England; on the Prices of Provisions, and Other Commodities. London: J. Wright. 1801. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BOYD, WILLIAM K., Currency and Banking in North Carolina, 1790-1836. Trinity College Historical Society, X, 52-86. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BOYER, RUSSEL S., Monetary Experiments in a Neo-Classical Model. ECONOMIC INQUIRY, March 1976, (14) 1, pp 89-104. (FB? Freiburg Univ., II/149, not on shelf.) - Russell? Russel?

BOYER, RUSSELL S., Nickels and Dimes. 1972, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 810. - Russell? Russel?

BOYLE, DAVID, Funny Money: In Search of Alternative Cash. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999. - www.reinventingmoney.com - Just let it be competitively supplied, accepted and used. Then the official “funny money” will soon be driven out by good monies. - J.Z., 25.6.10. - For really light reading, or that special Xmas present for grandma who is always asking "just what is it you do, again?" you might want to turn to David Boyle's Funny Money. Written by a British author (and only available there currently), this book takes a mild, mystified and progressive walk through the world of private currencies. Boyle travels to the location of some of the more successful community monies, and in the style of a travelogue, attempts to divine the secrets and share the colours of the experience. - As long as you are not in a hurry, Boyle is fine. He includes more local colour than anyone could reasonably expect, and the actual meat would fit in a pamphlet a quarter of the size of the 216 pages. But there are compensations, like his ability to build a picture of economic collapse, leading to the arisal of alternates to money starvation. Such a picture requires many brushstrokes before making way to the occasional master. - Be warned, that Boyle tends to lean more to socialism than economics, but not so disastrously that the reader is left frustrated. Community currencies as described by Boyle are on the rise. This is as a direct response to the failure of money in Latin America, especially in Argentina. A resource page for these developments is Thomas H. Greco, Jr's Reinventing Money page, which follows the E. C. Riegel and the "German School" (an area I have not read enough of but it might be described as "Hayek before Hayek"). - http://iang.org/free_banking/

BOYNE, WILLIAM, Trade Tokens Issued in the Seventeenth Century in England, Wales, and Ireland, by Corporations, Merchants, Tradesmen, Etc. A New and Revised Edition of William Boyne’s Work, by GEORGE C. WILLIAMSON, Vol. I., Burt Franklin, New York, N.Y., 1970, originally published 1889-91. 807pp. Vol. II, ibid, with index, pp:809-1590. - Most Economists have still not drawn sound conclusions from that experience. - J.Z., 18.3.10. - JZL. - Uniformity is not a sound ideal, not even in that sphere, but a sufficient supply of useful exchange media, using sound value standards, is. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BRACKMANN, F., Die institutionelle Seite der Währungsparitätenänderungen. Institut für Bankwirtschaft und Bankrecht, Universität Köln 1961. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Let free markets and free pricing, i.e. free exchange rates and free choice of value standards happen, to optimize trade relationships. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BRADFIELD, ELSTON, G., Sutter's Fort Tin Token Carried No Indentification." COIN WORLD. (August 20, 1975). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BRADFORD, FREDERICK A., Money and Banking. Longmans, Green and Co., New York, 1934. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

BRADFORD, RALPH, Gourds and Dollars. THE FREEMAN, 8/78, 3pp on primitive emergency money, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.37.

BRADFORD, WILLIAM D., Monetary Position, Unanticipated Inflation, and Changes in the Value of the Firm." QUARTERLY REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS 16 (Winter 1976): 47-53. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BRAGUES, GEORGE, The Ethics of US Monetary Policy in Response to the Financial Crises of 2007-2009. The Ethics of US Monetary Policy in Response to the Financial Crisis of 2007-2009 - Libertarian Papers, Vol. 1 (2009), Article No. 31 - Libertarian Papers - Online at the Mises Institute. - Every monetary policy of every territorial government is not ethical. All are, inherently, unethical, until, finally, each system is applied only to its voluntary supporters! - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BRAHMANANDA, P. R., The Gold-Money Rift. Bombay: Popular Brakashan, n.d. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold.

BRAKEMAN, ROBERT, Honest Money - Not Congress Money. SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 11/81, 1p, in PEACE PLANS 793.

BRAKEMAN, ROBERT, One of the Very Best. A1p. review of Warren Kearse's book: "The War Against Honesty", from THE SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, Jan. 1981, in PEACE PLANS 793. (Monetarily one of the worst books, I think. - He supports “Social Credit” “ideas” - However, on all such titles I would like to have available abstracts and reviews by others. I could easily have overlooked some of their merits, among those, which I read or skimmed through. - J.Z., 12.2.10.)

BRANCH, E. DOUGLAS, The Sentimental Years, 1836-60. New York, 1934. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BRAND, HERMANN, Die natürliche Weltordnung. Jeder Staatsbürger pensionsberechtigt! Verlag, Berlin-Halensee, 1932, 95 S. - „Was das für eine miserable Schrift is, erkennt man z.B. aus den Kapiteln „Arbeitslosigkeit“ (S. 57, unten), „Geld“, (S.38, unten) und „Versicherungswesen“ (S.53, unten.) - Richtig sind ein paar Selbstvertständlichkeiten, die vielleicht noch nie ein Mensch bezweifelt hat, z.B. „Der Krieg als zerstörender Faktor“, S. 12. - Es gab und gibt aber Leute, auf die gerade das Fehlen jeder Art von Eingehen auf das Technische der Probleme attraktive wirkt; sie werden dadurch in ihrem (religiösen) Vorurteil bestärkt, dass es nur auf die „Gesinnnung“ ankäme, alles andere sich aber von selbst mache.“ - U. von Beckerath, 19.5.55. - JZL. - Who is supposed to be obliged to supply pensions to others? - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BRANDEIS, LOUIS, Other People's Money. New York, 1914. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BRANDELL, R. E. & LEONARD, C. A., Bank Charge Cards: New Cash or New Credit. MICHIGAN LAW REVIEW, Vol. 69, May 1971, p.1033. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - Not the newness but the competitiveness, is decisive. - J.Z., 15.4.10.

BRANDT, KARL, Einführung in die Volkswirtschaftslehre. 1. Auf 1., Freiburg: Rombach 1970. - Flamant.

BRANDT, LOREN, & SARGENT, THOMAS J., Interpreting New Evidence about China and U.S. Silver Purchases." JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS 23 (1989): 31-51. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

BRANDT, Prof. Dr. KARL, Zur Frage des Vorranges geld- oder finanzpolitischer Stabilisierungsmaßnahmen. In: Büschgen, Hans E., Geld, Kapital & Kredit, C. E. Poeschel Verlag, Stuttgart, 1968, p.73. - Do either of them really stabilize or, usually, do the contrary? - J.Z., 13.4.10.

BRANSON, Stock Exchange and its Machinery. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947.

BRANTLEY, WILLIAM N., Banking in Alabama, 1816-1860. Birmingham, Ala., 1961. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BRANTÔME, PIERRE de BOURDEILLES, Seigneur de BRANTOME, OEuvres completes. Paris, 1864. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BRASS, WILLIAM, A Lecture Before the Mechanics Institute of the City of Chicago. Chicago: Langdon and Rounds, 1852. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

BRAUDEL, FERNAND, Capitalism and Material Life 1400-1800. Translated by Miriam Kochan. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London 1973. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BRAUMANN, FRANZ, A Man Conquers Poverty. The Story of Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen. Translated by Margery Hill, Credit Union National Association, Inc., Madison, Wis. USA. First published in German in 1959 under the title: “Ein Mann bezwingt die Not. - Lebensroman Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisens. Österreichicher Agrarverlag, Vienna. Second impression 1963, 162 pp. I found it interesting that it was once in the W.E.A. Library in Sydney, but cancelled out there, in still pretty good condition. This private library of the Workers Educational Association, has, apparently, like most public libraries, its own kind of censorship. I thus got many interesting books from libraries - and this rather cheaply, which they did no longer want. - Even Raiffeisen did not abolish but merely reduce poverty. - J.Z., 7.3.10. - JZL.

BRAUN, CONRAD J., A Proposal Toward Free Market Money. 3pp., which, according to an August 4, 1988 letter by Braun, was to be published in the next issue of GOLD STANDARD NEWS. - I microfiched it in PEACE PLANS 791.

BRAUN, CONRAD, The Role of Private Coinage. 12pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 905.

BRAUN, W., Das Liquiditätsproblem der Kreditbanken. Stuttgart 1934. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BRAY, J. F., Labour's Wrongs and Labour's Remedy; or, The Age of Might and the Age of Right. (London School of Economics and Political Science series of reprints of scarce tracts in economics and political science, No. 6), Leeds, 1839. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

BRECHLING, FRANK, The Public's Preference for Cash. 1958. Banca National del Lavoro 11 (September). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BRECK, L., Historical Sketch of Continental Paper Money. Philadelphia, 1863. - Carothers, Fractional Money. - See Samuel Breck.

BRECK, SAMUEL, Historical Sketch of Continental Paper Money. Philadelphia, 1843. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - Philadelphia, 1863. - Sumner, The Financier & the Finances of the Am. Rev. - See L. Breck.

BRECK, SAMUEL, Recollections of Samuel Breck with Passages from His Note-Books, 1771-1862. Edited by H. E. Scudder. Philadelphia, 1877. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BRECKENRIDGE, ROELIFF MORTON, Discount Rates in the United States. POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY 13 (1898), p.138. - Klebaner

BRECKENRIDGE, ROELIFF MORTON, The Canadian Banking System 1817-1890. Publications Of The American Economic Association, X., 1-3. New York & Toronto, Canadian Bankers’ Association, 1894. - New York, MacMillan, 1895. - Schuler.

BRECKENRIDGE, ROELIFF MORTON, The History of Banking in Canada. 1910, Washington, Gov. Printg. Off. - Schuler

BRECKENRIDGE, S. P., Legal Tender: A Study in English and American Monetary History. 1903. Chicago, University of Chicago Press. Reprint 1969, New York, Greenwood Press. - Rolnick & Weber, Gresham’s Law or Gresham’s Fallacy? - Wanted by LMP.

BREED, …, An Impartial Inquiry into the Bank Question: With Observations on Banking and Currency, by a Merchant. London, James Ridgway. [Breed, …]. [1832]. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BREEN, WALTER & GILLIO, Ronald J., California Pioneer Fractional Gold. Santa Barbara, Pacific Coast Rare Coin Galleries, 1983. “First really scientific investigation of this confused area, based on the great Kenneth Lee coll.” - Alexander, Coin World, Cat. & Encyclopedia

BREEN, WALTER E., California, An Interpretive History. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1973. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BREEN, WALTER, Complete Encyclopedia of United States and Colonial Coins. Doubleday, New York, 1988. “A massive undertaking and a massive result, hopefully will see some future revision and updating.” - Alexander, Coin World, Cat. & Encyclopedia

BREESE, SIDNEY, Papers. Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, 111. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

BREIT, J., Die Grundlagen des internen Scheckrechts. ZHR 64, S. 445 ff. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BREIT, J., Scheck-Girovertrag und Kontokorrent. ZHR 67, S. 509/522 ff. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BREIT, WILLIAM & RANSOM, ROGER L., The Academic Scribblers: American Economists in Collision. Holt Rinehart and Winston, New York 1967. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BREMER, CORNELIUS S., American Bank Failures. New York: Columbia University Press, 1934. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - BREMER, CORNELIUS D., American Bank Failures. New York: AMS Press, 1968. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BRENNAN, H. GEOFFREY & BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Money Creation and Taxation. In The Power to Tax: Analytical Foundations of a Fiscal Constitution. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980: 109-134. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BRENNAN, H. GEOFFREY & BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Monopoly in Money and Inflation: The Case For a Constitution to Discipline Government. London: Institute of Economic Affairs, HOBART PAPER 88., 1981, 68pp. with short reading list. - JZL. Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - GUARDIAN: “The professors contend that history has shown that governments, far from being benevolent, have been ‘malevolent despots’.” - As the title already indicates, it does not go far in the direction of monetary freedom. - Not only a note issue monopoly but also legal tender power for it (compulsory acceptance PLUS a forced value) is required to make inflation possible. Otherwise, a sound value standard, or several self-chosen ones, might still prevail and the monopoly money is measured in it and accepted only at its market rate against that value standard. In that value standard no inflation occurs then, even while the monopoly paper money become more and more worthless. Goods and services can then still be priced out in the sound value standard. - Has any constitution ever succeeded, long enough, in achieving this? - J.Z., 21.3.10.

BRENNAN, H. GEOFFREY & BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Revenue Implications of Inflation Under Leviathan. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVUE 71, May 1981: 347-351.. - Brennan & Buchanan, Monopoly in Money …, 1981. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BRENNAN, H. GEOFFREY & BUCHANAN, JAMES M., The Domain of Politics. In The Power to Tax: Analytical Foundations of a Fiscal Constitution. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980: 153-167. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BRENNAN, H. GEOFFREY & BUCHANAN, JAMES M., The Power to Tax. Cambridge University Press, 1980. - The Power to Tax: Analytic Foundations of a Fiscal Constitution. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006. - “Chapter VI deals with the money-creation power …” - Gonzalo Schwarz. - Same text & only different or more complete title? - J.Z.

BRENNAN, H. GEOFFREY & BUCHANAN, JAMES M., The Reason of Rules: Constitutional Political Economy. (1985) - Gonzalo Schwarz

BRENTANO, L., Die Entwicklung der Wertlehre. (Sitzungsberichte der Kgl. Bayer. Akademie der Wissenschaften, philosophisch-philologische und historische Klasse, Jahrgang 1908. 3. Abhandlung. - Diehl & Mombert, Wert und Preis I, 1912.

BRESCIANA-TURRONI, CONSTANTINO, The Economics of Inflation. 1937; The Economics of Inflation: A Study of Currency Depreciation in Post-War Germany - English ed., London: George Allen and Unwin, Ltd., 1937. with the second impression 1953 and the third reprint, Augustus Kelly, New York, in 1968.  - Auburn, Ala: Mises Institute, 2007. (translated from Italian). 1968. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - It would make more sense to speak of the anti-economics of inflation. - J.Z., 13.4.10. - JZL - Originally published in 1931 in Italian. First English edition 1937, London: Allen & Unwin - Online at the Mises Institute. - The Economics of Inflation: A Study of Currency Depreciation in Post-War Germany. New York, Kelley, 1976. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis. - Is this a study of the German inflation continued after WW II, in the same way as the above was one of the inflation continued after WW I? - Titles should properly indicate their subject. J.Z.) BRESCIANI-TURRONI, COSTANTINO, The Economics of Inflation: A Study of Currency Depreciation in Post-War Germany Originally published in 1931 in Italian. First English edition 1937, with the second impression 1953 and the third in 1968. Auburn, Ala: Mises Institute, 2007.

BRESCIANI-TURRONI, CONSTANTINO, Le vicende del marco Tedesco. Milano, Università Bocconi, 1932. - Flamant. - BRESCIANI-TURRONI, Le Ticende del Marco Tedesco. - R. C. Mills & E. R. Walker, Money. (1931? See above.)

BRESIGER, GREGORY, The Sneaky Tax. - "The Sneaky Tax" - The Free Market, January 2002, Volume 20, Number 1. - Online at the Mises Institute. - Many other taxes are “sneaky”, too, e.g. almost all indirect taxes. - But only the inflation tax is often ignored, for years, by its victims. - J.Z.,,m 11.5.10.

BRESLAUER, BERTHOLD, Die Notenbanken in Württemberg 1876-1900. München 1903. - Obst.

BRESSETT, K. E., "California Gold." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NUMISMATICS 17 (January, 1883). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BRESSETT, K. E., California Private Coins." NUMISMATIST 25 (January, 1912). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BRESSETT, K. E., California Private Issues of 1849, Cincinnati Mining and Trading Company. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NUMISMATICS 42 (February, 1908). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BRESSETT, K. E., The Day Northampton Had a Mint. WHITMAN NUMISMATIC JOURNAL. (July, 1965). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns. - Was it so quickly suppressed that it lasted only for one day? - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BRESTEL, HEINZ, Weh dem, der spart? Bad Homburg/Berlin/Zürich: Gehlen 1967. - Flamant. Unter dem jetzt ueblichen Zentralbank und Zwangskurs-Regime, unter dem wertbeständige Anlagen verboten sind. Ohne diese Einmischungen kann Sparen und Geldanlage fuer alle sehr nützlich sein, selbst für die Zinsgegner. Am besten würde die Ökonommie funktionieren wenn Zwangssteuern oder Tribute, Lizenzzwänge etc. gleichfalls und ebenfalls abgeschafft sind, wenn auch zunächst nur in Gemeinschaften von Freiwilligen. Ihre Beispiel würde sehr und schnell ansteckend wirken. - J.Z., 11.3.10.

BRETH, ROBERT D., How to Make Credit Cards Profitable. BANKING, February 1968, pp.51-53. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BREWER, E., Full-blown crisis, half-measure cure. (1989) FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE, November-December: 2-17. - Dowd

BREWER, J. S., The Reign of Henry VIII, from his accession to the death of Wolsey. London, 1884. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BRIGHT, JESSE D., Some Letters of Jesse D. Bright to William H. English. INDIANA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY 30 (1934): 370-92. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

BRIMELOW, PETER, An End to Monetary Instability? FORBES, April 3, 1989, 1p, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.713.

BRIMELOW, PETER, Do you want to be paid in Rockefellers? In Wristons? Or how about a Hayek? FORBES MAGAZINE, 30 May 1988, 6pp, in PEACE PLANS 803. - Or in Lowys (Westfield Shopping Centers)? Or in Woolworths? - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BRIMMER, ANDREW F., Bank Credit Cards and Check-Credit Plans: Developments and Implications. Speech delivered on Aug. 3, 1967, in San Francisco, California. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BRINLEY, THOMAS, Monetary Policy and Crises - A Study of Swedish Experience. London, 1936. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

BRISCOE, JOHN, Dialogue on the Discourse on the Funds. 1695. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE, Britain in Depression. London, 1935. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE, Britain in Recovery. London, 1938. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. - It has still not recovered from the “disease” of central banking. Under this “disease” a full recovery from it is impossible. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BRITISH MUSEUM, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. London, 1900.

BRITISH SESSIONAL PAPERS (BSP). New York: Readex Microprint, v.d. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - White brings details. - I am rather inclined to ignore most parliamentary session reports and reports of the Bank of England, on this and most other subjects. Are they really worth paying attention to? - J.Z., 5.4.10. - Nevertheless, here are some of the details he brings, anyhow: 1826 a (402) III;257. Report from the Select Committee Appointed to inquire into the State of the Circulation of Promissory Notes under the Value of L 5 in Scotland and Ireland... 1826-7a (245),VI:377. Report from the Lords Committee Appointed a Select Committee to Inquire into the State of Circulation of Promissory Notes under the Value of L 5 in Scotland and Ireland... 1833c (457), XXIII:319. Memorial from the Committee of Country Bankers. Delivered to the Duke of Wellington and Mr. Goulbourn, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, 9.5.1828....1833d (457), XXIII:321, Memorial from the Committee of Country Bankers to Earl Grey and Lord Althorp, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 12.6.1833... 1836 (591), IX:411. Report from the Secret Committee on Joint Stock Banks....1840 (602),IV:1, Report from the Select Committee on Banks of Issue...1841 (366), V:1; (410), V:5. First and Second Reports from the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Banks of Issue. (White)

BRITTAN, SAMUEL & LILLEY, PETER, The Delusion of Incomes Policy. (London: Temple Smith, 1977) - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BRITTAN, SAMUEL, Attractions of a Competitive Approach to Money. In THE FINANCIAL TIMES, 20.11.1975. - Gerding

BRITTAN, SAMUEL, Capitalism and the Permissive Society. Macmillan, London, 1973. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BRITTAN, SAMUEL, How to End the ‘Monetarist’ Controversy. A Journalist’s Reflections on Output, Jobs, Prices and Money. IEA, Hobart Paper 90, 1981, with select bibliography 130pp. - JZL.

BRITTAN, SAMUEL, Second Thoughts on Full Employment Policy. (London: Barry Rose, for the Centre for Policy Studies, 1975). - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Full employment through monetary and financial freedom should be distinguished from all attempts to provide it through monetary and financial despotism. Only the second kind is wrong and also ineffective and counter-productive. - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BRITTAN, SAMUEL, The Economic Consequences of Democracy. Temple Smith, London, 1977. - Perhaps it should be retitled: The anti-economic consequences of majoritarian or political party despotism? - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BROCARD, LUCIEN, De l'émission des billets de Banque et du privilège de la Banque de France. Paris 1896. - Obst.

BROCK, LESLIE V., The Currency of the American Colonies, 1700-1764: A Study in Colonial Finance and Imperial Relations. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1941). 1975. - Dissertations in American Economic History, An Arno Press Collection.

BRODERICK, FRANCIS J., Sec.-Treasurer, about the Institute for Monetary Research, Inc. 1p leaflet, in PP 803.

BRODIE, W. B., A Letter to the Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Peel ... Containing an Answer to Mr. Samuel Jones Loyd's Proposition for the Suppression of the Country Banks of Issue, and for the Establishment of "One General Bank of Issue." London: Simpkin, Marshall. 1840. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BRODMANN, Zur Lehre vom Girovertrag. ZHR 48, S. 121 ff. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BRODRECHT, UWE, Wird im Zeitalter der Telekommunikation die Anarchie zur Realitaet? Geldfreiheit im Lichte zukuenftiger Techniken. 5pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.744.

BRODRICK, J., The Economic Morals of the Jesuits. - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

BROGAN, D. W., The American Character. Vintage Books. New York, 1956. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BROKAW, WARREN EDWIN, Equitable Society and How To Create It. New York, 1927. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State.

BROKAW, WARREN EDWIN, The Equitist Plan. Phoenix, Ariz., 1922. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State.

BRONFENBRENNER, MARTIN & HOLZMAN, F. D., A Survey of Inflation Theory. In: Surveys of economic theory, Bd. 1, London, Macmillan, 1968. - Flamant.

BRONFENBRENNER, MARTIN, Some Neglected Implications of Secular Inflation in Post-Keynesian Economics. K. Kurihara ed., Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, N. J. 1954. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BRONFENBRENNER, MARTIN, Statistical Tests of Rival Monetary Rules. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 69 (Feb. 1961): 1-14. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BRONFENBRENNER, MARTIN, Statistical Tests of Rival Monetary Rules: QUARTERLY DATA SUPPLEMENT." JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 69 (Dec. 1961): 621-625. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BRONFENBRENNER, MARTIN, The Currency-Choice Defense. CHALLENGE, The Magazine of Economic Affairs, (Jan.-Feb. 1980): 31-36. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - In PEACE PLANS 803. - Bronfenbrenner was then Kenan Professor of Economics at Duke University. Obviously, he did not distinguish between “legal tender” as forced acceptance and forced value for an exchange media from the juridical meaning of “legal tender” as a legitimate rather than a wrongful means of payment, that a debtor can force upon a creditor, even when it is depreciated, as a supposedly full payment of his debt. Cheques are also legitimate means of payment but do not have “legal tender” power in the meaning of monetary despotism. - J.Z., 4.3.10. If any means of exchange, not only dollars, were considered as permitted but optional, refusable and discountable means of payment, refusable by all but the issuer, in combination with free choice of value standards, then the market would be left free to provide monetary stability. - J.Z., 29.4.10.- JZL. Photocopy only. In: PEACE PLANS 803

BRONOWSKI, J. & MAZLISH BRUCE, The Western Intellectual Tradition. Hutchinson & Co. Ltd., London, 1960. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980. - That a title deals with money issues can often only be seen by the source of the hint. - J.Z.

BRONSON, H., An Historical Account of Connecticut Currency and Continental Money and Finances of the American Revolution. In papers of New Haven Historical Society, I. New Haven, 1865. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - - New Haven, 1867. - Carothers

BRONSON, ISAAC H., Letters to the Hon. Levi Woodbury, Secretary of the Treasury of the United States. By "Franklin." New York, 1837. [Bronson, Isaac H.?] - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BRONSON, ISAAC H., See letters published in the FINANCIAL REGISTER (1837-1838). - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BRONSON, ISAAC, General Propositions Explanatory of the Elementary Principles of Banking. THE FREE TRADE ADVOCATE, ed. by Condy Rague, Vol. II, 1829. - Redlich.

BROOKE, G. C., A Brief Survey of the Coinage of North and South America. Pages 99-114, in Everyman’s Library, Edited by Ernest Rhys, Reference: A Literary and Historical Atlas of North & South America, London, ed. by J.G. Bartholomew, J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd. & in New York by E. P. Dutton & Co. The only date I could find was hand-written, by a former owner: 1911! - There are some entries on token coins, pages 102-105. - J.Z. - JZL.

BROOKS, PATRICK to ZUBE, JOHN, 9.1.73, 1p. , in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.505. - On a points system for rewarding freedom activities. - My proposal in PEACE PLANS 19 c offers much more: It anticipates the privatization of all remaining governmental assets among all its past victims. In Australia this could still turn every inhabitant into a millionaire - in capital assets. - J.Z., But even to have 1 A$ million today, does not really mean that one is rich. Many family homes cost already more in the inflated A$. - Still, we could and should put a sudden and profitable end to being the State’s tax slaves, rather than really owning parts of Australia and its assets. - As such owners much of the remaining statism will evaporate.- However, the statists should be free to reconstitute their kind of State socialism among themselves, at their own risk and expense, with their share in the total remaining assets. -  - J.Z., 28.2.10.

BROOME, M., Islamic Coins 1985. - Joe Cribb (1986).

BROSIUS, H., Lehrbuch der Bankbuchhaltung. 4. Aufl. Stuttgart 1920. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

BROSS, WILLIAM, Banking, its History, Commercial Importance, and Social and Moral Influence. Chicago, 1852. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - I remember a story that Ulrich von Beckerath told me about this. In the Southern USA, once dueling became all too frequent, bankers put a stop to it by publicly declaring: Before any duel can take place, all the debts to their banks, of both, who intend to engage in a duel, do fall due immediately! No duelist wanted to be known as dishonorable in this respect and thus most duels were indefinitely postponed. Probably, it also made them think of their dependents. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

BROUET, GASTON, Le Developpement Économique et Financier de l’Italie. Paris, 1904.

BROUGH, CHARLES HILLMAN, The History of Banking in Mississippi. Mississippi Historical Society Publications, III (1900), 317-40. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BROUGH, WILLIAM, Open Mints and Free Banking. New York, Putnam, 1894. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis. Copy wanted by J.Z.

BROUGH, WILLIAM, The Natural Law of Money. New York, 1894. - White, Horace, (1895ff.) - 1896, OLL, 240 KB. (A Free Banking book!) (I micro-fiched the 1894 and 168 pages edition, indexed, in PEACE PLANS 971. - J.Z.) http://www.econlib.org/library/YPDBooks/Brough/brghNLMtoc.html

BROWN, A. J., The Great Inflation 1939-1951. London, Oxford U.P., 1955, p.28 et seq. - “For a discussion of the inflation in occupied countries.” - Dr. Hans F. Sennholz, The Second German Inflation… (1933-1948) The United States - 1970 until? - Oxford, 1955. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

BROWN, F., Soviet Trade Unionism and Labor Relations. Harvard University Press, 1966. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BROWN, H. P., Some Aspects of Federal-State Financial Relations. in Sawer, G. (ed.), Federalism, Melbourne, 1952, pp.49-79. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

BROWN, HARRY G., Commercial Banking and the Rate of Interest." 1910. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 24 (August). 743-749. - Selgin.

BROWN, KENNETH L., Stephen Girard, Promoter of the Second Bank of the United States. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC HISTORY (1942), II, 125-148. - Remini.

BROWN, MALCOLM & ROBINSON, PHILIP, The Bank that Bungled. 1p on Bank of England, The Sunday Times, The Weekend Australian, June 29-30, 1985, in PEACE PLANS 793.

BROWN, PAMELA J., Constitution or Competition? Alternative Views on Monetary Reform. LITERATURE OF LIBERTY 5 , Autumn 1982, 7-52. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - in PEACE PLANS 805. - One of the best surveys of modern monetary freedom writings. - With a long bibliography. - J.Z. - OLL, 7.9 MB in Fac PDF. - OCR could do it with many less MBs, for faster or cheaper downloading! - J.Z. - (http://www.econlib.org/Library/Essays/LtrLbrty/brnCCMR.html

BROWN, R. L., Ghost Towns of the Colorado Rockies. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Publishers, 1968. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BROWN, RICHARD H., The Missouri Crisis, Slavery, and the Politics of Jacksonianism. SOUTH ATLANTIC QUARTERLY, LXV (Winter, 1966), 55-72. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BROWN, ROBERT S., Monetary Mismanagement and the Role of Gold. Monetary Tract, Number 14. Connecticut: Committee for Monetary Research and Education, Inc., April, 1976. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold. - The “classical” gold standard, with its redemptionism and “right: of creditors to demand payment in gold (instead of merely by gold-weight value clearing, or other means of payments, at their gold weight market price), did also constitute a vast mismanagement, proclaimed to be the ideal, just like territorial State, with all their inherent wrongs and mismanagement are still widely believed-in as supposed ideals. - J.Z., 14.4.10.

BROWN, STUART E., Jr., Scrip. Berriville, VA, Virginia Book Company, 1978. - Timberlake.

BROWN, W. & SISSON, K., A Positive Incomes Policy. Fabian Society, London, 1976. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - There is nothing positive but very much negative about any official “incomes policy”. The “incomes policy” of slave holders was: zero income for slaves and minimal life support. The serfdom under feudalism was still all too close to slavery for the serfs. In our “modern”, “advanced”, “civilized” and “progressive” and “scientific” times, even under modern “liberalism” or “democracy”, we are all, mostly, still tax slaves and enslaved in many other ways, generally quite legally, although not lawfully, morally, ethically and by genuine individual human rights and liberties standards. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BROWN, W. A. Jr., The International Gold Standard Reinterpreted, 1914-1934. 2 vols. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1940. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BROWN, W. A., England and the New Gold Standard. London, 1929. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

BROWNE, HARRY, How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World. Avon pb, 1974. - JZL. - Hardly full freedom but merely either some remnants or parts or scraps of future general liberties and rights. Often only underground, under threat of legal prosecution. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BROWNE, HARRY, How You Can Profit from the Coming Devaluation. Arlington House, New Rochelle, N.Y., 1970-74, indexed, 190pp. - JZL. - (Hardcover: Arlington House, New Rochelle, N.Y. 10801; Paperback, Avon Books, New York 10019; $1.25.)

BROWNE, HARRY, New Profits from the Monetary Crisis. Warner Books, 1978, with reading list and index 542pp. - JZL.

BROWNE, HARRY, You Can Profit from a Monetary Crisis. An explanation of the current monetary chaos and the difficulties in the U.S. economy - together with suggestions for approaching financial security in spite of the times. (Hardcover: The MacMillan Co., N.Y. 10022; $7.95. - Bantam, revised edition, 1975, indexed, 519pp. - JZL.

BRUCE, P. A., Economic History of Virginia. New York, 1907. - Carothers, Fractional Money.

BRUCE, PHILIP ALEX, Economic History of Virginia in the 17th Century. London, 1896, 2 vols. - Alexander Del Mar, History of Money in America, 1889, 1968.

BRUCE-BRIGGS, B., Rent Control Must Go. THE NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE, April 18, 1976. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - All territorial government controls must go! - J.Z., 20.3.10. - Among communities of volunteers only it would, inevitably, fast disappear. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BRUCHEY, STUART, The Roots of American Economic Growth, 1607-1861: An Essay in Social Causation. New York, 1965. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BRÜCKNER, KARL OTTO, Zur Prä-Ökonomik des Geldes. - Blüher et al, Silvio Gesell, 1960.

BRUCKNER: See BRUECKNER.

BRUDERER, H. P., Die Namenpapiere. Diss., Zürich 1944. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkeht, 1964.

BRUECKNER, ALEXANDER, Finanzgeschichtliche Studien. Kupfergeld-Krisen. St. Petersburg, 1867. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BRUECKNER, ALEXANDER, Ivan, or Isaac Possoschkow. Leipzig, 1878. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BRÜHLMANN, W., Kommentar zum Bundesgesetz über die Banken und Sparkassen samt Vollziehungsverordnung und Verordnung betr. das Nachlaßverfahren. Weinfelden 1935. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BRUMBAUGH, DAN R. & CARRON, ANDREW S., Thrift Industry Crisis: Causes and Solutions. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, no. 2 (1987): 349-88. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski.

BRUNER, K., MONISSEN, H. G. & NEUMANN, M. J. M., Geldtheorie. Köln/ Berlin: Kiepenheuer & Witsch 1973. - Flamant.

BRUNNER, H., Die Wertpapiere, in Endemanns Handbuch des deutschen Handels-, See- und Wechselrechts. Bd. II, Leipzig 1882. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BRUNNER, JOHN, The Whole man. „He was a menace - the ultimate power in controlled telepathy! - Page 19 reports on a scrip or “food stamps” or shop currency system, restricted to welfare recipients and specified stores.” - JZL. For a while there was some sort of an allowance, issued in scrip and redeemable at specified stores, which was just about enough to keep her and the child

BRUNNER, KARL & MELTZER, ALLAN H., The 'New Monetary Economics,' Fiscal Issues, and Unemployment. Carnegie- Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy 23 (Autumn 1985): 1-4. - Gerald P. O’Driscoll, Jr., July 86.

BRUNNER, KARL & MELTZER, ALLAN H., The Uses of Money: Money in a Theory of an Exchange Economy. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 41 (December 1971): 801-2. - It is cited and criticized by Vaubel, 30-31, n. 12.” - “In particular, Brunner and Meltzer assert that the suppression of multiple issuers of bank notes in Britain by the Bank Charter Act of 1844 ‘raised economic welfare by reducing costs of acquiring information.’ Having studied the act and the circumstances surrounding it, I find this statement incredible.” - White, Competition & Currency. - Among all the stupid arguments in favor of central banking, this one by KB & AHM may deserve the prize. - J.Z. (AER 61, 784-895. - Cowen & Kroszner.) - The Uses of Money : Money in the Theory of an Exchange Economy. American Economic Review, vol. 65, no. 5, December 71. - Schuler. Pages 784-805. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - How many different monetary theories are there, so far? Do many of them cover all the facts? - J.Z., 11.5.10.

BRUNNER, KARL, A Survey of Selected Issues in Monetary Theory. SCHWEIZERISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR VOLKSWIRTSCHAFT UND STATISTIK, no.1, 1971, pp. 1-146. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BRUNNER, KARL, Has Monetarism Failed? pp 23-62. - CATO JOURNAL, Vol.3, No. 1, Spring 83, The Search for Stable Money. - JZL.

BRUNNER, KARL, Konzepte der Geldordnung in einer freiheitlichen Wirtschaftsordnung, in: Joachim Starbatty, Geldordnung und Geldpolitik in einer freiheitlichen Gesellschaft, Walter Eucken Institut, Freiburg Br., Mohr, Tuebingen, 1982, S.7-17. (JZL)

BRUNNER, KARL, Monetary Management, Domestic Inflation, and Imported Inflation. In Aliber, Robert Z., ed National Monetary Policies and the International Financial System. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974: 179-208. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BRUNNER, KARL, Programmatic Suggestions for a ‘Political Economy of Inflation’. 1976. Comment, JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS 18, 851-857. - Milton Friedman, Has Government any Role in Money?

BRUNNER, KARL, The Great Depression Revisited, (ed.) (1981) Martinus Nijhoff Publishing. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - (The Hague: Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing, 1981) - Tyler Cowen, Why Keynesianism Triumphed or, Could so Many Keynesians Have Been Wrong?)

BRUNO, MICHAEL, & FISCHER, STANLEY, The Inflationary Process: Shocks and Accommodation, 1937, 1986. pp. 247-369 in: BEN-PORATH, YORAM, ed., The Israeli Economy Maturing Through Crises, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. - It has not even matured now, i.e. realized monetary and financial freedom! - Only its statism matured. But then territorial national economics have really little to do with genuine economics. - J.Z., 12.6.10.

BRUNO, MICHAEL, & MERIDOR, LEORA (RUBIN), The Costly Transition from Stabilization to Sustainable Growth: Israel's Case. Discussion Paper 90.01. Jerusalem: Bank of Israel, January 1990. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

BRUTUS, Letters to George M'Duffie. Philadelphia, 1830. "Brutus" - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

BRUTUS, Suggestions for the Organization of a National Bank. New Orleans, 1834. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - A statist and territorial uniformity is all the “reform” that many people can conceive. - J.Z., 27.3.10. "Brutus"

BRYAN, A. C., State Banking in Maryland. In "JOHNS HOPKINS STUDIES," Series 17, Nos. 1-3. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

BRYAN, WILLIAM JENNINGS, The First Battle. Chicago: W. B. Conkey Co., 1896. - M. Friedman, M., Money Mischief. - 1897, Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BRYANT, J. A model of reserves, bank runs and deposit insurance. (1980) JOURNAL OF BANKING AND FINANCE 4: 335-44. - Dowd

BRYANT, JOHN, & WALLACE, NEIL, A Price Discrimination Analysis of Monetary Policy. 1983. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF MINNEAPOLIS RESEARCH DEPARTMENT STAFF REPORT 51. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System.

BRYANT, JOHN, & WALLACE, NEIL, A Suggestion for Further Simplifying the Theory of Money. 1980. Manuscript, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis and University of Minnesota. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System. - Gerald P. O’Driscoll, Jr., July 86. - Is it still unpublished? How many such manuscripts are unpublished still, or long o.o.p., although they could and should be put online or on a CD? - J.Z., 2.5.10.

BRYANT, JOHN, & WALLACE, NEIL, The Inefficienty of Interest-Bearing National Debt. - JOURNALOF POLITICAL ECONOMY 87, April 1979, 365-381. - G. P. O’Driscoll, Jr. - I would like to see an essay on the Wrongfulness of Interest-Bearing National Debt, seeing that they are all investments in tax slaves. - J.Z., 13.6.10.

BRYANT, JOHN, Analyzing Deficit Finance in a Regime of Unbacked Government Paper, ECONOMIC REVIEW, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, January 1985, 17-27. - Gerald P. O’Driscoll, Jr., July 86.

BRYANT, RALPH C., Money and Monetary Policy in Interdependent Nations. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institute, 1980. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BRYANT, Sir ARTHUR, The Fire and the Rose. (New York: Doubleday, 1966) p.61. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BUCH DES KAUFMANNS, 5. Aufl., Stuttgart 1920. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

BUCH, RICARDA, Entwurf: Dienstleistungen der Informations-Auskunftsbank, ca. 1985. Gutscheinausgabe für Information war geplant. 48x, in PEACE PLANS 739.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., & TIDEMANN, T. NICOLAUS, Gold, Money & the Law: The Limits of Governmental Monetary Authority. MANNE, H. G. and MILLER, R. L., eds., 1975, pp 9-69 (G:U.S.) & Response to comments, ibid, 125-129.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., & WAGNER, RICHARD E., Democracy in Deficit: The Political Legacy of Lord Keynes. New York: Academic Press, 1977. - Richard E. Wagner, Politics, Central Banking, and Economic Order. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., A Contractual Paradigm for Applying Economic Theory. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, May 75, 225-30. - Mullineaux

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Can Policy Activism Succeed? A Public Choice Perspective. 1984. A paper presented at Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Conference on The Monetary vs. Fiscal Policy Debate.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Constitutional Strategy and the Monetary Regime, a Comment. - In Dorn & Schwartz, 1983ff.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Cost and Choice: an Inquiry in Economic Theory. Markham Publishing Co., Chicago 1969. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Democracy in Deficit: The Political Leadership of Lord Keynes. 1977, OLL, 776 KB.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Freedom in Constitutional Contract. College Station, Texas: Texas A & M University Press, 1977. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Predictability: The Criterion of Monetary Constitutions. (1962) in L. B. Yeager (ed.) In Search of a Monetary Constitution, Harvard University Press, Ch. 6 pp. 155-183. - DOWD. 155-181. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Public Finance in Democratic Process: Fiscal Institutions and Individual Choice. 1967, OLL, 1.8 MB.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., Public Principles of Public Debt: A Defence and Restatement. 1958, OLL, 740 KB. (Both ought to be repudiated, since investments in tax slaves are involved! - J.Z.)

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., The Collected Works of James M. Buchanan. 20 volumes, OLL.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., The Deficit & Our Obligation to Future Generations. IMPRIMIS, 1/87, 7pp, in PEACE PLANS 1766-1768, May 2002, p.363. - That, too, must be a voluntarily taken up obligation, like that of parents and grandparents. Obviously, it is as wrong to invest in future tax slaves as it is to directly and obviously enslave any people, today children into 12 years of serfdom in schools and young men into selective military slavery. Deficits in volunteer communities are quite another matter. Dissenters are then free to opt out. - J.Z., 21.5.02.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., The Demand and Supply of Public Goods. 1967, OLL, 956 KB.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., The Foundations of Constitutional Liberty. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund Inc., 1999. - I would almost be prepared to bet that voluntarism and exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers are not discussed there as quite fundamental and more important than the constitutional forms of territorial States, which as such are more or less totalitarian, authoritarian or despotic, even when they are, formally, “democracies”, “republics” or “constitutional monarchies”. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., The Limits of Liberty between Anarchy and Leviathan. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1975. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - 1995. - Gonzalo Schwarz

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., The Power to Tax: Analytical Foundations of a Fiscal Constitution. 1980, OLL, 924 KB.

BUCHANAN, JAMES M., WAGNER, RICHARD E., & BURTON, JOHN, The Economic Consequences of Mr. Keynes. Hobart Paper No. 78, Institute of Economic Affairs, London, 1978. - Brennan & Buchanan, Monopoly in Money …, 1981.

BUCHANAN, JOHN, Glasgow Banking in Olden Times. Glasgow: David Robertson & Co., 1884. - James Douglas

BÜCHI, J. H., Free Money [Gesell]. - G. D. H. Cole. (He classed him merely as a heretic, not as a crank, as far as his exclusive currency of systematically depreciated money is involved.)

BÜCHNER, R., Einzelhandel und Mittelstandspolitik. Zürich 1940. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

BUCHWALD, BRUNO, Die Technik des Bankbetriebes. Berlin 1909. 1910. 7. Auf. Berlin 1912. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

BUCK, NORMAN S., The Development of the Organization of Anglo-American Trade, 1800-50. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1925. - Temin. - On the Jacksonian Economy. - J.Z.

BUCKINGHAM SMITH, WALTER, Economic Aspects of the Second Bank of the United States. Cambridge, 1953. - Remini.

BUCKINGHAM, JAMES SILK, The Eastern and Western States of America. 3 vols. London, 1842. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

BUCKLE, HENRY THOMAS, Posthumous Works of Henry Thomas Buckle. London, 1872. 3 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - (Title should have stated: “Posthumously published” - unless one assumes that he was also a “ghost-writer”. - J.Z.)

BUDD, A., Das Kontokorrentgechäft im deutschen Bankgewerbe. Stuttgart 1904. - Siegfried Hirsch, Die Bank, 1923.

BUDD, ALAN & BURNS, T., Why the Exchange Rate Must Be Set Free. ECONOMIC OUTLOOK, London Business School, April 1977. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

BUDD, ALAN, Recent Developments in Monetarism. BRITISH REVIEW OF ECONOMIC ISSUES, Vol. 2, No. 7, November 1980. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

BUDD, CHRISTOPHER J., Of Wheat and Gold: Thoughts on the Nature and Future of Money. London: New Economy Publications, 1988. - www.reinventingmoney.com

BUDÉ, GUILLAUME, De Asse et Partibus ejus. - This distinguished jurisconsult was born at Paris 1467, died 1540. His works were printed at Basle, 1557. 4 vols., fol. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BUDELIUS or BUDELIO, RENERO, De Monetis et Re Nummaria. Cologne, 1591. - [This work contains treatises on Coins, Monetary Laws, Prices, &c, by the following authors: Renero Budelio of Anjou; Francisco Aretio, or Accolta, of Arezzo; John Aquila, probably a German; Albert Brunus, of Asti; John Bodinus, (Jean Boden), a Frenchman (1); Franciscus Curtius, of Milan or Pavia; Diaz Covarrúvias of Leon; John Caephalus (Capet?) of Ferrara; Nicolaus Everardus of Mechlin; Henning Göden, of Bautzen; Martin Garrati or Garatis; Henry Hornmann of Frankfort; Elbertus Leoninus of Louvain; Baron Malestroict, a Frenchman; Jacob Menochius, works printed at Geneva, Cologne, and Venice; Joachim Mynsinger, a Swiss or German; Charles Molinaeus, or Du Moulin, a Frenchman; Bilibald Pirckheyner, of Nuremberg; John Reynaud, of Avignon; Antonio Rubaeus; Ludovicus Romanus, possibly Levi, of Rome; and Marianus Socinus and Bartholomeus Socinus, probably Frenchmen.] - (1) This treatise of John Bodinus is an extract from his work “De Prepublica”, cap. 3, lib. 6., on the Degradation of Coins. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - After so man writings on money, for centuries, is it not about time to really clarify all the ideas, observations, experiments, rightful and wrongful practices and proposals - in a comprehensive handbook on monetary freedom? - Klaus Falke is now preparing one in form of an electronic data bank. I rather will expand my own Free Banking A to Z., www.butterbach.net/freebank.htm as far as I can and invite others to correct and complete it. - J.Z., 19.4.10.

BUDGE, S., Lehre vom Gelde. - Max Franzke, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? 1931.

BUECHI, JOHN HENRI, Free Money: a way out of the money maze. 1933,

BUESCH, JOHANN GEORG, Abhandlung von dem Geldumlauf. 1800. Nur ein interessanter Auszug, 9pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 731.

BUESCHGEN, H. E., see Rittershausen, Geld, Kapital u. Kredit.

BUILD FREEDOM.COM, The Economic Means of Freedom. - The Economic Means to Freedom - A series of essays by Frederick Mann. It was one of a number of resources on libertarianism at the BuildFreedom.com website. - www.buildfreedom.com/eco1.htm - Roy Davies

BULEY, R. CARLYLE, The Old Northwest, Pioneer Period, 1815-1840. 2 vols. Indianapolis, Ind., 1950. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

BULL, H., The currency problem and its solution. Imprint: Effingham Wilson and Co., Royal Exchange. [1889], London, 1889, Pagination: v,[3],140p., Copyright receipt stamp dated 1889, Subject Headings: Currency question, Banks and banking, British Library Shelf mark: 8225.aaa.56, Fiche Quantity: 2 fiches; 11x15 cm, Fiche Number: 1.1.7706, 1100.NC Series: General Collection: Economics, The Nineteenth Century Home Page, About The Nineteenth Century, Chadwyck-Healey Home Page. Send your queries to our Webmaster. Copyright © 1998 Chadwyck-Healey Ltd. - Fancy copyrighting an 1889 book just because one has copied it on microfilm! - It may be just of the all too many and all too flawed “money reform “ titles. But it may also stand up for free banking. - Chadwyck-Healey have also published, on microfiche, what constitutes, possibly, the greatest collection of anarchist pamphlets ever published together. Typically, the anarchists I know of and pointed out this collection - showed now interest in it whatsoever to me. They, too, suffer from “blinkered vision”, especially when their own favorite “party-line” and medium is not involved. - The same large company offers more such writings on microfiche. I attempted to extract these titles from its listings and include them here, but have not acquired them myself. I can read and spend only so much. - J.Z., 7.2.10.

BULLETIN OF THE MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, Mediaeval Chinese Currency. Boston, vol.16, (1918), S. 63. - Herbert Franke, Geld- & Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft.

BULLION, BENJAMIN, Letters on the Currency Question, Scotch Banks, etc. (pseud.). Glasgow, W. R. M'Phun. 1826. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BULLOCK, Prof., Monetary History of the U.S. 1912. - He recognized the right to issue private notes as a human right and did not insist upon gold cover. - J.Z.

BULLOCK, Sir CHARLES JESSE, Essays on the Monetary History of the United States. 1900, 1912, PEACE PLANS 375. - (Does not insist on gold cover. According to notes on a conversation I had with Ulrich von Beckerath on this work, it was, at least at his time, the only one in which the right to issue notes was clearly recognized as a human right. The right to run a bank belongs to the right to freely choose one's occupation and trade. The right to work cannot be otherwise realized than through the right to issue notes, coins or clearing-certificates or accounts. It does not mean a claim against a government, to be provided with work and an obligation of the government to provide it but a right to supply oneself with work, without depriving others of it and to undertake all the technical, financial, and monetary steps required for this purpose. See the many discussions on this in the Beckerath papers, most of which, alas, are not yet translated. In a quick skimming I looked in vain for this passage and another one Beckerath mentioned: A report on "smith money", a kind of private emergency money without metallic redemption but other acceptance foundation, which in the Western States for decades was supposed to be one of the most important currencies. - J.Z. - Or are there 2 different books: a) these essays, already filmed and "Monetary History of the U.S.", 1912? If so, then I want the latter, too. - J.Z.)

BULLOCK Sir CHARLES JESSE, Selected Readings in Economics. Ginn & Co., Boston, New York, Chicago, London, 1907, no alphabetical index or bibliography, 705 pages. Chapter 14: The Natural History of Money, pp. 387-405. Chapter14: Paper Money in France, by Andrew D. White, p. 406-430. Chapter 16: LAUGHLIN, J. LAURANCE, The Regulation of Bank-Note Currency, discussing 1.) Security secured by Bonds, 2.) Circulation secured by Commercial Assets, 3.) A Guaranty Fund, pages 431-452. Under 2.) he understood “general assets of the issuing banks”. Under this he understood “ordinary commercial paper acquired by the bank in the course of its regular business”, assuming that this would adapt the supply of notes to the needs for notes. With commercial paper he meant real bills rather than financial bills, turnover credits rather than financial credits. - J.Z., 12.3.10. - JZL.

BULLOCK, Sir CHARLES JESSE, The Finances of the United States, 1775-1789. Madison, 1895. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

BULLOCK, THOMAS, Journal from December 11, 1848, to October 31, 1851. On microfilm in Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Library, Salt Lake City. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BUND, DER, Fingerabdrücke als Zahlungsmittel. Bern, 22 June 73.

BUNDESGESETZ ÜBER DIE ARBEIT IN DEN FABRIKEN vom 18. Juni 1914 / 27. Juni 1919. - Gisin (1955)

BUNDESGESETZ ÜBER DIE BANKEN UND SPARKASSEN vom 8. November 1934. - Gisin (1955)

BUNDESMINISTER FÜR WIRTSCHAFT, Möglichkeiten zur Verbesserung der Struktur des Rentenmarktes. Denkschrift, 10. 9. 1960. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BUNGÉ, N., Essay on the Currency and Banks of Russia. Imperial University of St. Vladimir, printed in the "JOURNAL DES ECONOMISTES," Nov. 15, 1874. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BUR, LUDWIG, Die Umwälzung der deutschen Volkswirtschaft im Kriege. 211 Seiten. Heft XXXIV, 1918 (das letzte in der Sammlung): Abhandlungen herausgegeben von Knapp, Strassburg, Verlag von Karl Truebner.

BURAWOY, JAKOB, Der Knappsche Nominalismus und seine Rechtfertigung. Leipzig 1929. - Max Franzke, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? 1931.

BUREAU OF MINES, Gold. A chapter from: Mineral Facts & Problems. 1975 ed., in PEACE PLANS 739.

BURGER, ALBERT E., The Money Supply Process. 1971. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth Publishing Co. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BURGESS, A., Perfect World Limited. 2pp extract from this book published by Robertson & Mullens Ltd., Melbourne 1942, on Chinese currency, in PP 794. (This may be the infamous "fellow -traveller". But here or on this he just wrote like a good journalist. - J.Z.)

BURGESS, HENRY, A Letter to the Right Hon. George Canning ... [on] Internal Bills of Exchange, Country Bank Notes, and Country Bankers, Bank of England Notes, and Branch Banks. London: Harvey and Darton. 1826. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BURGESS, HENRY, A Memorial, Addressed to the Right Honourable Lord Viscount Goderich, on the Fitness of the System of the Bank of England, - of the Country Banks, - and of the Branch Banks of England, - to the Wants of the People. …, 3rd ed. London: J. Ridgeway [sic]. 1827. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

BURGESS, R., Die Reservebanken und der Geldmarkt in den Vereinigten Staaten. Berlin 1927. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BURGESS, W. RANDOLPH, The Reserve Banks and the Money Market. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1927. - SMITH, VERA C.

BURGON, JOHN WILLIAM, The Life and Times of Sir Thomas Gresham. London, 1839. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. - 2 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BURIDANUS, JOHANNES, Quaestiones super decem libros ethicorum Aristotelis ad Nicomachum. Liber V, Quaestio XVI, in Diehl & Mombert, Wert und Preis I, 1912, S.38.

BURKE, BRYAN O., Jr., California Pioneer Gold Coins. Masters Thesis, The University of Redlands, 1963. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BURKE, EDMUND, A Vindication of Natural Society. 1757, OLL, 116 KB. - Vindication of Natural Society (1756 - PDF file)

BURKE, EDMUND, Observations on a Late Publication, etc., 1756. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BURKE, EDMUND, Prospects on the War, and Paper Currency. 1787. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BURKE, EDMUND, Reflections on the Revolution in France. 1790. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BURKE, EDMUND, Speech on American Taxation. 1774, OLL, 272 KB.

BURKE, EDMUND, Works. Rivington Edition, London 1826-7. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BURNET, BISHOP GILBERT, History of His Own Time. 1734. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BURNETT, GEORGE E., State Banking in the United States since the Passage of the National Bank Act. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1902. - White, Horace, (1895ff.)

BURNHAM, P. BECKWITH, Eight Forecasts for U.S. Banking. THE FUTURIST, 3-4/ 89, 7pp, in PEACE PLANS 906.

BURNHAM, W. DEAN, Presidential Ballots, 1836-1892. Baltimore: John Hopkins Univ. Press, 1955. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

BURNIE, R. H., Small California and Territorial Gold Coins, Quarter Dollars, Half Dollars. Dollars. Published by the author, Pascagoula, Miss., 1955. “Most valuable now for later-date exposition piece listings.” - Alexander, Coin World, Cat. & Encyclopedia

BURNS, A. R., Comparative Economic Organization. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1955. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BURNS, A. R., Early Stages in the Development of Money and Coins. 1927a. In: London Essays in Economics in Honour of Edwin Cannan, edited by T. E. Gregory and Hugh Dalton. London: George Routledge & Sons. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System.

BURNS, ARTHUR ROBERT, Money and Monetary Policy in Ancient Times. New York, Alfred E. Knopf. 1927. - Carothers, Fractional Money. - Published by George Routledge & Sons, London, 1927. according to Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934. - & in London, by Kegan Paul, Trench Trubner and Company, Ltd., in 1927, according to - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold. Augustus M. Kelly edition, 1965.

BURNS, EMILE, Modern Finance. Oxford University Press, London, 1922. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934.

BURNS, EMILE, Money. London, Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1937, The New People’s Library, Vol. 1. “Left Book Club Edition. Not for Sale to the Public.” 94pp. - JZL.

BURNS, T. D., short letter in REASON, 4/88, on The Trickle Up Program. 29x, in PEACE PLANS 905.

BURR, ANNA R., Portrait of a Banker: James Stillman, 1850-1918. New York: Duffield, 1927. - Klebaner

BURRIS, ALAN, A Liberty Primer. Society for Individual Liberty, 1981, 1983, indexed, 557pp, has a chapter IX, Free Money, on pages 159-177. - Probably the longest “primer” I ever encountered. - J.Z. - JZL.

BURROUGHS CLEARING HOUSE, Michigan Banks Launch Credit Card Cooperative. January 1966, pp.15-16. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - The term “cooperative” should not be used for monopolists. - J.Z., 15.4.10.

BURROUGHS CLEARING HOUSE, New Moves in British Credit Cards. July 1966, pp.53-54.

BURSTEIN, M. L., Money. Cambridge, Mass.: Schenkman Publishing Co., 1963, 11-14; reprinted as "The Index-Number Problem," in R. W. Clower, ed., Monetary Theory: Selected Readings. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1969, 61-64. - Well-known price indices, like the consumer price index, certainly can provide useful information if properly utilized. Persistent or substantial changes in the indices typically indicate changes in the purchasing power of money confronting most individuals. Similarly, policymakers may use changes in the indices as information concerning the effects of recent policy actions. - Gerald P. O’Driscoll, Jr., July 86.

BURSTEIN, M. L., The Index Number Problem. In Clower, Robert W., ed. Monetary Theory. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1970: 61-64. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BURTON, CLARENCE M., History of Detroit: 1780 to 1850: Financial and Commercial. Detroit: Report of the Historiographer, 1917. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BURTON, CLARENCE M., History of Wayne County and the City of Detroit. 5 vols. Chicago, Clarke Publishing Co., 1930. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BURTON, CLARENCE M., The City of Detroit Michigan. 5 vols. Detroit: Clarke Publishing Co., 1922. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

BURTON, R. F., Gold Mines of Midian. (Capt.) London, 1878. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BURTON, R. F., Wanderings in West Africa. (Capt.) London, 1862. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BURTON, THEODORE E., Financial Crises and Periods of Industrial Depression. New York D. Appleton & Co., 1902. 1903. - McGrane + Miller, Harry E. + Bogart

BURY, J. B., A History of the Later Roman Empire, from Arcadius to Irene. London, 1889. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BURY, J. B., History of Eastern Roman Empire from Fall of Irene to Ascension of Basil I (A.D. 802-867). London, 1912. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BURY, J. B., History of Greece. vol. 1. London, 1902. Macmillan. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BURY, J. B., The Imperial Administrative System in the Ninth Century. London, 1910. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BURZIO, HUMBERTO F., Diccionario De La Moneda Hispanoamericana. Santiago, Chile, 1958. - Schilke & Solomon, America’s Foreign Coins … with Legal Tender Status in the US 1793-1857.

BUSCH, JOHANN GEORG, Sämtliche Schriften über Banken und über Banken und Münzwesen. Teils vom Verfasser neu bearbeitet, teils nach seinem Tode gesammelt von C. D. Ebeling. Hamburg 1801. - Obst.

BÜSCHGEN, HANS E., Geld, Kapital und Kredit. Herausgeber dieser „Festschrift zum siebzigsten Geburtstag von Heinrich Rittershausen“, 1968, C. E. Poeschel Verlag, Stuttgart, 480 S., mit 27 Beiträgen von Akademikern ueber Geld, Kredit und Zentralnotenbank, Banken und Bankgeschäfte und Betriebliche Finanzwirthschaft. Keiner darunter über Geld- und Bankfreiheit, obwohl das ein Hauptziel von Prof. Rittershausen war! - J.Z., 11.4.10. - JZL.

BUSH, KEITH, Soviet Inflation. NATO Colloquium on Banking, Money and Credits in Eastern Europe, 1973. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BUSHELL, S. W., Specimens of Ancient Chinese Paper Money. in: Journal of the PEKING ORIENTAL SOCIETY 1889 vol. II, 308. - Herbert Franke, Geld- & Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft.

BUSHNELL, CHARLES, An Historical Account of the First Three Business Tokens Issued in the City of New York. N.Y., 1859.

BUSINESS ROUNDTABLE, THE, Wage and Price Controls Are Not the Answer." Position paper of the business roundtable, Washington, D.C., January 7, 1975. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

BUSINESS WEEK, Credit Cards: How Many - and Whose? July 9, 1966, pp.137-38. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BUSINESS WEEK, Enlarging the Charge Card; Bank of America's Nation-wide Credit-Card Plan Is One More Sign of Banking's Ardent Pursuit of this Business." May 28, 1966, p.42. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

BUSINESS WEEK, Next in Banking: Pay Bills by Phone. Nov. 13, 1966, p.12. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - It is still only a dealing in monopoly money. - J.Z., 15.4.10.

BUSINESS WEEK, Paying with Constants Instead of Dollars. - “As evidence of this last barrier in practice, an experiment with privately issued indexed currency and deposits in New Hampshire between 1972 and 1974 was ended under legal pressure from the Securities and Exchange Commission. (Incidentally, the experiment was proving unprofitable.) See BUSINESS WEEK, 4 May 1974, 29.” - White, Competition & Currency. 1p, in PEACE PLANS 803.

BUSSCHAU, W. J., Gold and International Liquidity, The Flow of Credit in Relation to Gold in the International Monetary System. Johannesburg, South Africa: The South African Institute of International Affairs, 1961. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold. - 1971. - Timothy Green, The World of Gold Today.

BUSSCHAU, W. J., The Measure of Gold the Role of God as International Money. Central News Agency Ltd. South Africa 1949. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

BUTCHART, J. R., Money and Its Purchasing Power. 1918. Melbourne, (no publisher.) - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

BUTCHART, MONTGOMERY, Money. Selected Passages Presenting the Concepts of Money in the English Tradition, 1640-1935. Compiled by M. B., Stanley Nott, London, 1935, with short bibliographic note and index, 348pp. - Reports at least 2 monetary experiments, on pp. 175/76 & 189. - J.Z. - JZL.

BUTLER, ANN CALDWELL, Josiah Warren and the Sovereignty of the Individual. JLS, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1980 - www.mises.org/journals/jls/4_4/4_4_8.pdf

BUTLER, EAMONN, How Government Profits From Inflation. POLICY REVIEW 6 (Fall 1978): 73-76. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

BUTLER, ERIC D., The Enemy Within the Empire. A Short History of the Bank of England. 52pp. - JZL.

BUTLER, SAMUEL, Notebooks, 1835-1902. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

BUTLER, WILLIAM F. & KAVESH, ROBERT A., How Business Economists Forecast. eds. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1966. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

BUTLIN, S. J.; HALL, A. R. &WHITE, R. C., Australian Banking and Monetary Statistics, 1817-1945. OCCASIONAL PAPER 4A, (1971) Sydney: Reserve Bank of Australia. - Dowd

BUTLIN, S. J., A Century of Banking in Victoria. Sydney, 1951. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

BUTLIN, S. J., Australia and New Zealand Bank: The Bank of Australasia and the Union Bank of Australia Limited 1828-1951. London: Longman, & Melbourne, 1961. - HOLDER + GOLLIN - Some quotes, in PEACE PLANS 913.

BUTLIN, S. J., Charles Swanston and the Derwent Bank." HISTORICAL STUDIES, Vol. 2, No. 7, May 1943, pp. 161-185. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

BUTLIN, S. J., Foundations of the Australian Monetary System 1788-1851. Melbourne University Press, 1953, indexed, 727pp. With some samples of shop currencies & emergency money issues. - Good on private token money and local currency expedients. - J.Z. - JZL.

BUTLIN, S. J., Queensland's First Bank. Sydney, 1950. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

BUTLIN, S. J., The Australian Monetary System 1851 to 1914. Sydney, Ambassador Press. 1986, - Schuler - Dowd.

BUTLIN, S. J., The Bank of New South Wales in London, 1853-1953. Sydney, 1953. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

BUTOS, WILLIAM N., Garrison and the “Keynes Problem”, - Vol. 4 Num. 3 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

BUTOS, WILLIAM N., Money, Prices, and Capital: An Austrian Approach to Macroeconomics. - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Vol. 9, No. 4. - Online at the Mises Institute.

BUTOS, WILLIAM N., The Knowledge Problem under Alternative Monetary Regimes. (1986) CATO JOURNAL, 5 (3), pp. 849-71. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. "Knowledge Problem under Alternative Monetary Regimes, The" - The Cato Journal, 1986, 5(3), pp. 849-872. - Online at the Mises Institute.

BUTSCHKAU, F., Sparen in der vollbeschäftigten Wirtschaft. Referat, Deutscher Sparkassentag 1956, als Manuskript vervielfältigt. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

BUTTERBACH.NET, tri-lingual. It brings, among many other texts, the LMP literature lists, www.butterbach.net/lmp - my father's individualist anarchist manifesto book, my own two peace books: www.butterbach.net/epinfo/peace.htm  & www.butterbach.net/epinfo/abc.htm my free banking alphabetical compilation: www.butterbach.net/freebank.htm, a book-length correspondence between Henry Meulen & Ulrich von Beckerath, mainly on Free Banking, Werner Ackermann's COSMOPOLITAN UNION appeal, in German, English & French, my draft on the anarchist spectrum of hyphenated anarchism types and their anarchist opposites and very much more. Alas, the very diverse contents of this and related sites is not yet systematically listed by author, title, subject and length, apart from a general guide to this large website in very general terms. - There are so far three panarchist websites: Christian Butterbach's: www.panarchism.info, the one of Gian Piero de Bellis: www.panarchy.org and my own: http://users.acenet.com.au/~jzube - (However, my own is only just large enough to include the first of my LMP literature lists - and three essays in the appendix, with the last of them being presently only reachable through the link in the previous essay, not through the home page.). The others LMP literature lists are on: www.butterbach.net/lmp - J.Z.

BUTTS, ALLISON, Editor, & CHARLES D. COXE, Silver: Economics, Metallurgy and Use. D. Van Nostrand, Princeton, N.J., 1967. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

BYERS, WILLIAM N., Handbook to the Gold Fields of Nebraska and Kansas. Chicago: D. B. Cooke & Co., 1859. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

BYINGTON, STEVEN T., Benjamin Ricketson Tucker. MAN!, VII (August, 1939), 517-518.

BYRDSALL, F., The History of the Loco-Foco or Equal Rights Party .... New York: Clement and Packard, 1842. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

BYRNE, Mrs. Wm. PITT BYRNE, Cosas de Espana. Illustrative of Spain and the Spaniards as they are. London and New York, 1866. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

BYRON, ROBERT, The Byzantine Achievement. London, 1924. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

BYRSDALL, F., History of the Loco Foco or Equal Rights Party. New York, 1842. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

 

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C., J. M., Monetary System (an argument in favour of issuing 3 per cent. Treasury Notes inter-convertible with Consols). London, 1837, a pamphlet. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - Capital certificates and exchange media for currency purposes, are still mixed up in too many minds of writers on the subject of money. - The same writers are usually unaware of the possibilities of sound tax foundation or contribution-foundation currency, of shop foundation money and of clearing certificates or a comprehensive clearing process, that would not require any banknotes or clearing certificates by now. - J.Z., 10.7. 10.

CABLE, JOHN RAY, Some Early Missouri Bankers. MISSOURI HISTORICAL REVIEW (January, 1932), XXVI, 117-119. - Remini.

CABLE, JOHN RAY, The Bank of the State of Missouri. Columbia University Press, New York, 1923. - Klebaner

CACHANOSKY, J. C., Crisis Económicas: Crisis y Consecuencias. LIBERTAS (36). (2002).

CACHANOSKY, NICOLÁS, The Definition of Inflation According to Mises: Implications for the Debate on Free Banking. - The Definition of Inflation According to Mises: Implications for the Debate on Free Banking - Libertarian Papers, Vol. 1 (2009), Article No. 43 - Libertarian Papers - Online at the Mises Institute.

CACHANOSKY, NICOLÁS, The Endogenous Stability Of Free Banking - Crisis As An Exogenous Phenomenon. 24-Jan-09, ATLAS Foundation essay. - Sound Money Essay Contest 2009, 29pp. ncachanosky@suffolk.edu - Suffolk University Department of Economics, 8 Ashburton Place, Boston, MA 02108

CAESAR, STRAUS, Unser Depositengelder-System. Frankfurt a. M. 1892. - Obst. - Wieviele Misbräuche gibt es auf diesem Gebiet immer noch? Wieviel weniger davon würde es under voller Bankfreiheit geben? - J.Z., 14.3.10. - Under freedom of contract and freedom for value-preserving clauses, probably more and more fixed deposits, with gold clauses, would be agreed upon, for various periods and at various interest rates. At least for those deposits runs on the banks would thus be eliminated. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, & SCHWARTZ, A., How Feasible is A Flexible Monetary Policy? In Sheldon, R., ed. Capitalism and Freedom-Problems and Prospects. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1975: 262-310. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, A Compensated Dollar: Better or More Likely Than Gold? In Dorn & Schwartz, 1983ff.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, A Review of the Report of the Gold Commission and Some Thoughts on Convertible Monetary Systems. (manuscript, Columbia University, October 1982), 4. - White, Competition & Currency.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, Changes in the Recession Behavior of Wholesale Prices in the 1920s and Post World War II. EXPLORATIONS IN ECONOMIC RESEARCH (New York: N.B.E.R., Winter 1975). - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, Determinants and Effects of Changes in the Money Stock, 1875-1960. 1965. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research. - New York: Columbia University Press +Rockoff

CAGAN, PHILLIP, The Choice among Monetary Aggregates as Targets and Guides for Monetary Policy. 1982. JOURNAL OF MONEY CREDIT, AND BANKING 14(4) (November). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, The Demand for Currency Relative to Total Money Supply. 1958. National Bureau of Economic Research Occasional Paper No. 62. Reprinted from the JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 66 (August). 303-328. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, The First Fifty Years of the National Banking System - an Historical Analysis. (1963) in D. Carson (ed.) Banking and Monetary Studies, Irwin, Ch.2. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, The Hydra-Headed Monster - The Problem of Inflation in the United States. American Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C., 1974. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, The Monetary Dynamics of Hyper-Inflation, in Milton Friedman (ed.), Studies In The Quantity Theory of Money, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1950, pp. 25-110. - Brennan & Buchanan, Monopoly in Money …, 1981.

CAGAN, PHILLIP, The Report of the Gold Commission. (1982), Carnegie Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy 20 (1984). - White, Competition & Currency.

CAHN, EDGAR S. & JONATHAN ROWE, Time Dollars. Emmaus, PA, Rodale Press, 1992.

CAHN, EDGAR S., Time Dollars, CO-OP AMERICA QUARTERLY, Spring 1993. www.reinventingmoney.com -

CAIRNES, JOHN E., An Examination into the Principles of Currency Involved in the Bank Charter Act of 1844. Dublin: Hodges and Smith, 1854. - SMITH, VERA C.

CAIRNES, JOHN E., Essays on Political Economy: Theoretical and Applied. London, 1873. Reprint. New York, Augustus M. Kelley, 1965. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

CAJORI, FLORIAN, Evolution of the Dollar Mark. in POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY, Vol. 81. - Carothers, Fractional Money.

CALDWELL, STEPHEN A., A Banking History of Louisiana. Baton Rouge, La., Louisiana State University Press, 1935. - Sharp + Remini.

CALDWELL, STEPHEN A., The Development of Banking in Tennessee (Nashville, 1932).

CALDWELL, STEPHEN, Ways and Means of Payment. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippicott, 1859. - Klebaner

CALDWELL, TAYLOR, Captains and the Kings. Fawcett Publications, Inc., Greenwich, Connecticut, 1972. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

CALDWELL, WALTER, Coal Company Scrip. Montgomery, W.Va., War Printing Co., 1969. - Timberlake

CALEB, R., Kapitalanlage und Bankverkehr. Stuttgart 1908. - Siegfried Hirsch, Die Bank, 1923.

CALHOUN, JOHN C., A Speech in the Senate on the Currency Issue. 1875. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CALHOUN, JOHN C., Works of John C. Calhoun. (edited by R. K. Cralle.) New York, 1853. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CALIFORNIA MINING JOURNAL, monthly, discusses money as property. - Horrigan - What kind of property or right? I find this definition or concept to be no more attractive or informative than money being considered and “explained” as a mere symbol. - J.Z., 11.5.10. - There are a multitude of different symbols in different shapes and colours, produced out of different materials, supposedly expressing xyz ideas - but, usually, all too vaguely, just like a “paper value standard” or a monopolized exchange medium with compulsory acceptance and a forced value. Are all producers and distributors of “symbols” issuers of competing private currencies and do they reckon in alternative value standards? What is symbolized by governmental monopoly money, with legal tender, beyond that monopoly and the force involved? - J.Z., 25.5.10.

CALL, STEVEN T., COCHRAN, JOHN P., GLAHE, FRED R., The Natural Rate of Unemployment Hypothesis: The Role of Monetary Policy Revisited. - September 24, 1999 - Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute. - The natural rate of unemployment among able and willing workers is ZERO. It takes governmental laws, spleens, errors, prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions, wrongful institutions and monopolies as well as other anti-economic interventions to turn many people, who are able and willing to work, into unemployed people! - J.Z., 25.5.10.

CALLAHAN, GENE, Does Austrian Business Cycle Theory Help Explain the Dot-Com Boom and Bust? - Vol. 6 Num. 2 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

CALLENDER, GUY S., Selections from the Economic History of the United States. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

CALLENDER, GUY S., The Early Transportation and Banking Enterprises of the States in Relation to the Growth of Corporations. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, XVII (November, 1902), 111-162. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians

CALLIGARIS, LUDWIG, Die neueren Valuta- und Bankgesetze nebst den damit zusammenhängenden Gesetzen und Verordnungen von 1901. Wien 1902. - Obst.

CALLIGARIS, LUDWIG, Helfferich über Knapp; im BANK-ARCHIV, X. Jahrgang, Nr.17, 1911, S. 268-270. - Knapp.

CALLIGARIS, LUDWIG, Staatliche Theorie des Geldes. Artikel in der Münchener „ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG" vom 1. Februar 1906. Dies ist die erste zustimmende Besprechung. Von demselben Verfasser ein Artikel mit gleicher Überschrift in der ÖSTERREICHISCHEN RUNDSCHAU, Band VII, Heft 80 vom 10. Mai 1906. Ferner ein Artikel "Das Wesen des Geldes" in der Zeitschrift „GEGENWART" vom 13. April 1907. - Knapp.

CALOMIRIS, C. W., & HUBBARD, R. G., Firm heterogeneity, internal finance, and credit rationing’. (1990) ECONOMIC JOURNAL 100: 90-104. - Dowd

CALOMIRIS, C. W., & KAHN, C. M., The Role of Demandable Debt in Structuring Optimal Banking Arrangements. (1988) mimeo, Evanston, Ill., Northwestern University. - (1991) AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 81: 497-513. - Dowd

CALOMIRIS, C. W., Deposit insurance: lessons from the record. (1989a) FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES, May-June: 10-30.

CALOMIRIS, C. W., Do "Vulnerable" Economies need Deposit Insurance? Lessons from the US Agricultural Boom and Bust of the 1920s. (1989b) WORKING PAPER 89-18, Chicago: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.

CALOMIRIS, C. W., Is deposit insurance necessary? A historical perspective. (1990) JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC HISTORY 50: 283-95. - Dowd - Is it really possible under monetary and financial despotism or can only pretences of it be charged for and upheld under that condition? - One can hardly “insure” e.g. against “forced loans” by governments or further government taxes on deposits or on banks. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

CALOMIRIS, CHARLES, & CONE, KENNETH, A Note on Competitive Payment Systems. Manuscript. Evanston, Ill., Northwestern University, 1984. - Cowin & Kroszner.

CALONNE, CHARLES ALEXANDRA DE, Abridgement of Calonne's "Requête au Roi." Translated into English by W. Walter. London, 1787. [The details of the recoinage of 1785 are omitted]. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CALONNE, CHARLES ALEXANDRA de, De l’Etat de la France. London, 1790. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CALONNE, CHARLES ALEXANDRA de, Extracts from Calonne's "Requête au Roi." Translated into English by S. Dana Horton, and included in the Report of the "International Monetary Conference" of 1878. Washington, 1879. - [These extracts are on pp. 254-67 and contain some details of the recoinage of 1785.] - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CALONNE, CHARLES ALEXANDRA DE, Requete au Roi. (1787), London (Paris ?), 1807. - [This work is printed on several kinds of paper, and has neither title, date, nor imprint. It commences " Sire, celui qui," &c, and contains full details of the recoinage of 1785]. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CALVO, GUILLERMO & RODRIGUEZ, CARLOS, A Model of Exchange Rate Determination under Currency Substitution and Rational Expectations." JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 85, (June 1977): 617-626. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CAMBRIDGE ECONOMIC HISTORY OF EUROPE, vol. 5: The Economic Organization of Early Modern Europe. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press, 1977. - Kevin Dowd, Automatic Stabilizing Mechanisms under Free Banking, 1988.

CAMBRIDGE MODERN HISTORY, vol. 7, The United States. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

CAMDEN, WILLIAM, Annals of England, &c, Eng. Transl., London, 1635. Folio. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CAMERON, Across Africa. New York, 1877. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, An Economic History of Scotland in the Eighteenth Century. SCOTTISH JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, XI, 1, February 1964, 17-24. (Warning only! I did find nothing of free banking interest in this work. You might! - J.Z.)

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, Banking and Economic Development: Some Lessons of History. ed. N.Y., OUP, 1972, 267pp. (Contains a number of various articles. None of them obviously by a free banking advocate. No mention of legal tender in index. Not clear or impressive to me. J.Z.) Seen at Qld. Univ.- However, it was cited by Selgin, in his The Theory of Free Banking. So he must have seen something in it that I did overlook. - J.Z., 12.5.10.

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, Banking and Industrialization in Britain in the Nineteenth Century. 1892. In SLAVEN, ANTHONY and DEREK H. ADLCROFT, editors, Business, Banking and Urban History, Essays in Honour of S. G. Checkland. Edinburgh, John Donald. - Schuler.

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, Banking in the Early Stages of Industrialization: A Study in Comparative Economic History, ed. by Cameron, N.Y., Toronto, London, Oxford University Press, 1967. - Schuler - 349pp, with long bibliography, contains his own essay: "England, 1750-1844, also a chapter by him on Scottish developments. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - Lawrence H. White. - (I saw this or another work by him, many years ago, in the Reserve Bank’s library and found that he came close to monetary freedom notions. A librarian showed me the door, all too soon, since this library, containing "confidential" material and would be for "authorized" personnel only. (I copied a few pages from a copy in the Queensland University library and would like a complete copy.) - Their secrecy was certainly not authorized by me or anyone I know. - All the knowledge, experience, hypotheses, theories, facts and opinions on this subject should, finally, be made easily, cheaply and fast accessible to all, for all are also victims of the present regime of monetary and financial despotism. - Only sufficiently enlightened victims can no longer be victimized by this system. - J.Z., 12.5.10.

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, England, 1750-1844. In R. Cameron et al. Banking in the Early Stages of Industrialization (1967) which also contains a chapter by Cameron on Scottish developments. - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, Scotland, 1750-1845. (1967) in R. Cameron et al. (1967) Banking in the Early Stages of Industrialization, Oxford University Press. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

CAMERON, RONDO EMMETT, The Banker as Entrepreneur. EXPLORATIONS IN ENTREPRENEURIAL HISTORY, 2nd. series, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 50-55. - We rather need a title like: “The note-issuing banker as entrepreneur.” - Those, who are only free to deal in the government’s forced and exclusive currency are not representatives of free enterprise, no more so than the money lenders were, whose “enterprise” was confined to dealings in all too to scarce silver and gold coins only, which people, including governments, tended to hoard as far as they could, thus not making all of them available as exchange media. In consequence, barter exchanges were never quite eliminated by this currency, which is still considered to be “ideal” by some. In other words, under this currency and corresponding 100% covered and redeemable metal certificates, a complete monetary economy was never introduced but only as much of it as could be under this restriction. The prices under it were, all to often and almost constantly at least somewhat “emergency sales prices” (Which was demonstrated in some of the extremely underdeveloped countries e.g. by kids diving for pennies the tourists threw into waters.) While still reckoning in rare metal value units, much cheaper and also sound exchange media could have been generally introduced (they were only rarely, in some places, temporarily and still insufficiently, but already helpfully) and thus enormous troubles for mankind could have been avoided and could be be ended and prevented still. Not to speak of inherently unlimited free clearing options, which would utilize whatever value standard their users would have agreed upon. - Only under complete freedom of enterprise, of contract, of association, of expression and information, in short, of freedom of exchange, could mankind advance and prosper as fast and as far as possible. - We will not become sufficiently human to each other until this problem is finally and generally solved. - We should become “greedy” for our own kinds of monies, those of monetary freedom, instead of remaining “greedy” only for the scarce monies of monetary despotism. Our own monies would, essentially, represent our own goods, labor and services, ready for sale. We could and should be able to issue as much of it as we are able and willing to cover and redeem in this way. At least in the view of its voluntary acceptors.- All financiual credit arrangements would also be greatly facilitated under this condition, through the inherent “liquidity” that is involved. Only the less productive or unproductive and insufficiently insured ones would still be “illiquid”. - The monies of full monetary freedom do not enslave but liberate. - If enough people realized that, we would have many popular songs and poems about it. - J.Z., 12.5.10.

CAMPANA, CESARE, Riduzione delle Monete Antiche al Valor delle Moderna. Venetia, 1591. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CAMPBELL, ALEXANDER, The True American System of Finance; The Rights of the Labor and Capital and the Common Sense Way of Doing Justice to the Soldiers and their Families. No Banks: Greenbacks the Exclusive Currency. Chicago: Evening Journal Book and Job Print, 1864. - SHADE, G. W. (1972) - To each his own system and payment community. No system, method or institution to be imposed upon peaceful and tolerant dissenters, who would rather do their own things for or to themselves. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CAMPBELL, C. N., Economics Dictionary for Australian Students. William Brooks & Co., Sydney, Brisbane, 1975, 99pp. - JZL.

CAMPBELL, CLAUDE A., The Development of Banking in Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn., Vanderbilt University, 1932. - Rockoff + Sharp.

CAMPBELL, COLIN & DOUGAN, WILLIAM R., Alternative Monetary Regimes. editors, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System.  - Tyler Cowen, Why Keynesianism Triumphed or, Could so Many Keynesians Have Been Wrong? - “especially J. Huston McCallum's article: Beyond the Historical Gold Standard.” - Selgin.

CAMPBELL, COLIN D. & TULLOCK, GORDON, Hyperinflation in China, 1937-1949." JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 62 (June 1954): 236-245. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CAMPBELL, COLIN D. & TULLOCK, GORDON, Some Little-Understood Aspects of Korea's Monetary and Fiscal Systems. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 47 (June 1957): 336-349. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CAMPBELL, LEWIS D. Papers. Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, Ohio. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

CAMPBELL, R. H., An Economic History of Scotland in the 18thCentury. 1964, Review, SJPE. (Munn)

CAMPBELL, R. H., The Law and the Joint-Stock Company in Scotland. In Peter L. Payne, ed., Studies in Scottish Business History. London: Frank Cass. 1967. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

CANADIAN ARCHIVES, CIIA, XLIX, 183-192. (Written about 1727). - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CANADIAN PAPER MONEY JOURNAL, Canadian Paper Money Society, Editor: Ruth McQuade, 183 Island Park Dr., Ottawa, Ontario K1YOA3 - Albert Pick

CANADIAN TIRE MONEY, Canadian Tire Money. - Canadian Tire Money - A case study offered by www.reinventingmoney.com

CANCRIN, Count GEORG von, Öconomie der menschlichen Gesellschaften. Stuttgart, 1845. - This work mentions the premium on Russian paper. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CANCRIN, Count GEORG von, Weltreichthum. - A German work by Cancrin, Russian Minister of Finances after 1823, in which he argues against retiring the assignats, and advises merely that their sum shall be fixed. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - In other words: Stop the printing presses for forced and exclusive currency, abolish its legal tender power, adopt a sound value standard and let this paper and anything else be valued by it. No fixed exchange rate against other governmental or private currencies, no monopoly for it but, rather, fully free competition, from anyone or any group able and willing to offer it. Let the good money drive out the bad. Let people be free to preferably accept the good money and refuse or discount the bad money. “Fighting” an inflation of monopoly money by a deflation of it does make matters even worse. - J.Z., 24.4.10, 25.5.10.

CANNAN, EDWIN, A History of the Theories of Production and Distribution. - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

CANNAN, EDWIN, Growth and Fluctuations of Bankers' Liabilities to Customers. 1935. THE MANCHESTER SCHOOL 6(1). 2-17. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CANNAN, EDWIN, Modern Currency and the Regulation of Its Value. London, D. S. King and Son, 1932. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CANNAN, EDWIN, Money and Keynes: Treatise on Money. - R. C. Mills & E. R. Walker, Money.

CANNAN, EDWIN, Money: Its Connexion with Rising and Falling Prices. Westminster 1923. P. S. King & Son, 5th & revised edition, King, London, 1926, 120pp, photocopy only. - JZL. Money: Its Connexion with Rising and Falling Prices - P.S. King and Son, Westminster, 1932 - - Online at the Mises Institute. 8th edition, London, 1935. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed.

CANNAN, EDWIN, The Application of the Theoretical Apparatus of Supply and Demand to Units of Currency. ECONOMIC JOURNAL 31, 453-461, 1921, OLL. - Selgin.

CANNAN, EDWIN, The Meaning of Bank Deposits." 1921. ECONOMICA 1(1) (January). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - It should be entirely up to the various free contracts between the participants, who could include various clauses, satisfying their requirements, although they might not satisfy all supposed experts, legislators, writers or judges. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CANNAN, EDWIN, The Paper Pound of 1797-1821. A Reprint of the Bullion Report, 8th June 1810, and Resolutions Proposed to the House of Commons, edited & with an introduction by Edwin Cannan, on the monetary history of England during the period and the evils of paper money, 1919, London: P. S. King and Son,. 145pp. - JZL. Second edition, 1924, 1925. - Augustus M. Kelley reprint 1969, with bibliography of the Bullion Report. - I will not extract and include these titles because I doubt that any or many of them interpreted this crisis correctly. - However, I might add them as a separate and special bibliography. - J.Z., 22.3.10. - In his introduction, on page VIII, he states: “There was no legal-tender paper.” - Then, on page XXVII, he asserts: “… The effect of this was to compel Parliament to pass legislation which was equivalent to making bank notes legal tender, though there was a childish attempt to avoid doing it in so many words.” - I find it childish for Cannan to assume that there was anything that would “compel” Parliament to pass such legislation. There is scarce a hint in the book, and in the many references he quotes, that more than a handful of people was aware of: a) tax foundation, b) readiness to accept foundation, (E.g. “shop foundation), c) the RBD (debt foundation), with all three, under sound value standard reckoning, being able to provide sufficient reflux (an effective and short-term demand for this money, with goods, services and labor) to keep even a “mere” paper money at par with its nominal rare metal value, although it is not so redeemable by its issuer. However, the French Assignats were fresh in memory, just like in Germany, post WW II, the memory of two past inflations was still effective, at least for a few years, but not enough to abolish the issue-monopoly and the legal tender legislation altogether. - During 1797-1821, competition for the Bank of England in London being absent and coins being largely hoarded, Londoners had to use its paper money. Thus its notes had already a quasi-legal tender position! The country banks, formally still obliged to redeem in rare metals, in effect, “redeemed” their notes in Bank of England notes. - J.Z., 1.4.10. - JZL.

CANNING, PETER H., a thesis, untitled, on free banking, 70 pages. It is supposed to be excellent and comes only to 155 Kbs. I do not know whether or where it is put online. Peter H. Canning, untitled thesis of 5. 6. 2005, 70 pages, with short bibliography - JZL file:FB PeteCanningThesis 5_6-5 Microsoft Word. - I do not remember who sent it to me or where I found it. - J.Z., 10.7.10. - But if you are interested, you can always ask the author for it, via an email attachment. - I believe that it was Ron Manners who referred me to it. But I could not find it on his website, when I tried, long ago. - Nor did a recent Google search point it out to me. - Even in our time such a thesis can still remain largely unnoticed and ineffective. - Let us bring all of them to the light, at least of computer screens. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

CANNON, A. R., Depression, Inflation and Employment. 1969, revised and extended 1976, 87pp, self-published, Swan Hill, Vic. 3485, Australia. - JZL.

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, An Ideal Bank. 1891. An Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Bank Credits No. 2. 1905. An Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Bank Credits. 1892. An Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Bank defalcations. 1894. An Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Buying Commercial Paper. 1908. An Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Character, the Basis of Credit. 1898. An Address. - Redlich - Does an honest and decent character, running a badly conceived and organized business at a loss, deserve any credit for his business? - A person, who is a coundrel in his personal relationships may, nevertheless, in his own interest, run a business quite honestly and profitably, establish thus a good business reputation and a credit line. - On the other hand, there are public servants, personally and in their office quite honest, unbribable, but their business is “robbery through taxation”! - Debtors of the Mafia need not have a good character in order to get credit from it and repay their debt to it - out of fear! - Drug addicts may get credit and pay their debts for the drugs of their addiction because they are dependent upon a future supply, not because they have a good character. - J.Z., 13.6.10.

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Clearing House Loan Certificates and Substitutes for Money during the Panic of 1907. Talk delivered before the Finance Forum of New York City, March 30, 1910. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Clearing Houses and the Currency. 1908. In: The Currency Problem and the Present Financial Situation, edited by E.R.A Seligman. New York: Columbia University Press. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System. Also in “The Currency Problem and the Present Financial Situation”, a series of addresses delivered at Columbia University, New York, 1909. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Clearing Houses. (National Monetary Commission) 61st Congress, 2d sess., Senate Doc. 491. Washington, 1910. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Clearing-Houses: Their History, Methods and Administration. 1900. New York: D. Appleton & Co. - (1901) Smith, Elder & Co. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. 2nd. ed. (3rd? - J.Z.), Washington: Government Printing Office, 1910. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Commercial Education. 1909. An Address. - Redlich. - Govermental miseducation is unlikely to enlighten many to most people on monetary and financial freedom. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Credit, Credit-Man, Creditor. 1896. An Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Elements of Success in Banking. 1896. An Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Individual Credits. 1897. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Local Credits. 1899. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Losses from Bank Debts. 1895. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Plan and Scope of the Union of the Credit Reform Association of Germany. 1898. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Profit and Loss on Bank Accounts. 1894. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Proportion of Balances to Discounts. 1895. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Successful Methods in Business. 1898. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, The Banker and the Certified Public Accountant. 1908. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, The Clearing House. New York, 1900. - White, Horace, (1895ff.)

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, The National Association of Credit Men. 1909. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Uniform Statement Blanks and Credit Department Methods. 1899. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, JAMES GRAHAM, Uniform Statements. 1895 & 1896. Address. - Redlich

CANNON, M., The Land Boomers. Melbourne, 1966. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

CANOVAI, TITO, The Banks of Issue in Italy. With an article by Prof. Carlo F. Ferraris, “The Italian Banks of Issue” and the Text of the Italian Banking Law, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1911, 345pp.

CANTILLON, RICHARD, Essai sur la nature du commerce en général. 1755. (Translated and edited by Henry Higgs.) London, 1931. Reprint. New York: Kelley, 1964. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

CANTOR, PAUL, The Poet as Economist : Shelley's Critique of Paper Money and the British National Debt - Journal of Libertarian Studies - Vol.13, No.1 - Online at the Mises Institute. - It would be a great step forward if legislators could offer their ideas, opinions, rules and and advice on money, clearing, credit, value standards, finance, interest etc. only in form of poetry, songs, science fiction or utopias, for those prepared to accept or even buy them for their own purposes. Alas, the fictions of territorialism, uniformity, egalitarianism, power, consent, representation, voting, democracy and republicanism do still keep them in power over their unenlightened and enlightened victims. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CAPERS, HENRY D., Life and Times of C. G. Memminger. Richmond, 1893. - White, Horace, (1895ff.)

CAPIE, FORRESTS & WEBBER, ALAN, A Monetary History of the United Kingdom, 1870-1982. v. 1, London, 1985, George Allen and Unwin. - Schuler

CAPIE, FORRESTS & WOOD, G. E., Financial Crises and the World Banking system. editors, London, McMillan. - Dowd.

CAPIE, FORRESTS & WOOD, G. E., Unregulated Banking: Order or Chaos? (editors) (1991) London, Macmillan. - Dowd

CAPIE, FORRESTS, Conditions in Which Very Rapid Inflation Has Appeared. In: The National Bureau Method, International Capital Mobility and Other Essays, edited by Karl Brunner and Allan H. Meltzer. Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, vol. 24, pp.115-68. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1986. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - 1986, 54pp, with a short note by J.Z., in PEACE PLANS 814. - It is not a natural “appearance” but an artificial construct by the legislators, introducing a monopoly and legal tender power for government paper money, or for inferior coins. - Things and processes should be called by their rightful names. - J.Z., 12.5.10.

CARDOZO, JACOB N., Notes on Political Economy. Charleston, S. C, 1826. (or Isaac N.), (Reviewed by Jonathan Porter, NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW, 1827, xxiv, 169-187.) - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CARDOZO, JACOB N., Review of Middleton's, "The Government and the Currency." SOUTHERN QUARTERLY REVIEW (September, 1850), xviii, 123-132. (or Isaac N.) - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREW, EDNA, The Language of Money, Allen & Unwin, St. Leonards, NSW, 1885. This edition 1988, revised and expanded - 400 new entries, A to Z entries, 267pp. Nothing on free banking, real bills doctrine, banking principle, tax foundation. A free banking handbook is still necessary! - J.Z., 11.4.10. - JZL.

CAREY, CHARLES HENRY, History of Oregon. Chicago: The Pioneer Historical Publishing Company, 1922. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES - Various works. He translated some of Coquelin’s works and did not insist on redemption in precious metals. - Ulrich von Beckerath.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, A Memoir of Stephen Colwell. In: Miscellaneous Works, Philadelphia, Bair, 1872. - Cowen & Kroszner.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Answers to Questions: What Constitutes Currency? What Are the Causes of Unsteadiness of the Currency? and What Is the Remedy? Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard. 1840. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - Carey, 1793-1889 did not insist upon metallic redemption and translated some works by Coquelin. A complete free banking advocacy would not have fitted in well with his protectionism, mentioned in the Encyclopedia Britannica. - J.Z.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Financial Crises: Their Causes and Effects. Philadelphia, 1864. (Originally written in 1859-1860.) - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Letters to the President, etc. Philadelphia, 1858. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Memoir of H. C. Carey. By William Elder. 1880. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Miscellaneous Works. published by H. C. Baird. Philadelphia, 1862. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Money, New York, 1855. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Principles of Political Economy, Part the Second, of The Causes which Retard Increase in The Production of Wealth and Improvement in the Physical and Moral Condition of Man. Philadelphia, London, 1838, 466pp. - I noted years ago that, according to its 5pp summary it is worth microfiching but my photocopy is rather flawed. - The Encyclopedia Britannica called him a protectionist - but one who would be for laissez faire, as if protectionism were not its opposite, in international trade. - Even Free Traders are not always in favor of fully Free Banking and a Free Trader like Henry George was not in favor of free trading in land titles and not in for free migration. Everything good is rarely combined. - J.Z., 23.3.10.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, Principles of Social Science. 3 vols., Philadelphia, 1837-40. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1858-1860. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, The Credit System in France, Great Britain and the United States. Philadelphia, Carey, Lea, & Blanchard, 1838. - SMITH, VERA C.  Kelley reprint 1974, 130pp, 24x, in PEACE PLANS 538. - JZL. http://books.google.com/books?id=Zv4-bcUXdq4C 

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, The Past, the Present, and the Future. Philadelphia, 1848. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREY, HENRY CHARLES, What is currency? 1840. - Coquelin

CAREY, MATHEW, Debates and Proceedings of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania on ... the Law Annulling the Charter of the Bank of North America. Philadelphia. 1786. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - I wonder how many books and articles, if any, on banking and currency, have been read by the average legislator? - J.Z., 27.3.10.

CAREY, MATHEW, Desultory Reflections upon the Ruinous Consequences of a Non-Renewal of the Charter of the Bank of the United States. 3d ed. Philadelphia, 1810. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Statism is as old, and older, even in the USA. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

CAREY, MATHEW, Essays on Banking. Philadelphia, 1816. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREY, MATHEW, Letter to the Directors of the Banks of the City of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, 1816. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CAREY, MATHEW, Nine Letters to Adam Seybert ... on the subject of the Renewal of the Charter of the Bank of the United States. 2d ed., enlarged. Philadelphia, 1811. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CARLISLE, WILLIAM WARRAND, The Evolution of Modern Money. 1901, by Macmillan and Company, Ltd. New York & London, 1901. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Groseclose, Money & Man. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. London, 1902. - White, Horace, (1895ff.)

CARLSON, J. & PARKIN, M., Inflation Expectations. ECONOMICA, May 1975. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CARLTON, F. T., The Workingmen's Party of New York City, 1829 to 1831. in POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY, XXII, 401-16. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

CARMICHAEL, HENRY, A Century of Banking: The Commercial Banking Company of Sydney Limited, 1834-1934. Sydney, 1934. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

CARNAGHAN, ROBERT B., contribution in A WAY OUT, Jan/Feb. 1966.

CARNAGHAN, ROBERT, Banking in a Free Economy. 1 p. from INNOVATOR, Jan. 1967, in pp 793. (I would still like to obtain copies of his references 5 & 7. - J.Z.)

CARNAGHAN, ROBERT, The Function of Money and Credit. 1p, n.d., in PEACE PLANS 913.

CARNEY, T. F., The Economies of Antiquity. (Lawrence, Kansas: Coronado Press, 1973) pp.35-36. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CARNEY, TIMOTHY P., Obamanomics. Washington, D.C., Regnery Publishing, Inc., 2009. - Michael Cohen

CARNEY, TIMOTHY P., The Big Ripoff: How Big Business and Big Government Steal Your Money. Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006. - Michael Cohen.

CARON, Japan. See: Manlet.

CAROSSO, VINCENT P., Investment Banking in America A History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970. - Klebaner

CAROTHERS, NEIL, Fractional Money, a history of the small coins and fractional paper currency of the United States. A 1916 dissertation, first printed 1930, New York: Wiley & Sons; London: Chapman & Hall, Ltd. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief. Kelley reprint 1967, 386pp, indexed, with bibliography, in PEACE PLANS 784/785. - It is, at the same time, a history of persistent currency shortages and emergency money issues. An excellent work. - J.Z. - JZL.

CARPENTER, H. L., The State. June 12, 1948. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CARR, JACK L.; GLIED, SHERRY; & MATHEWSON, FRANK, Unlimited Liability and Free Banking in Scotland. Unpublished ms., University of Toronto, August 1986. - Lawrence H. White.

CARR, JACK L. & MATHEWSON, G. FRANK, Unlimited Liability as a Barrier to Entry. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 96, August 1988, pp. 766-84. - Lawrence H. White.

CARR, RONALD, Private Gold Coinage of San Francisco. CALCOIN NEWS 19 (Spring, 1965). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CARR, RONALD, Private Issue Gold." NUMISMATIST 76 (August, 1963). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CARR, WILLARD Z., JR.; HEINKE, REX S.; RYAN, MICHAEL D., A Short Historical Perspective of Economic Controls in the United States." BUSINESS LAWYER, Vol. 33, November 1977, pp. 3-28. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CARROLL, CHARLES HOLT, Congress and the Currency. - CMRE Monographs No.46. - introduction by James Turk - $3.00

CARROLL, CHARLES HOLT, Numerous articles in HUNT'S MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE (1856-1860), vols. xxxv, xxxvii-xliii. Also BANKERS' MAGAZINE (1857-1859), Old Series, vols. xii, xiii. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CARROLL, CHARLES HOLT, The Organization of Debt into Currency and Other Papers. Princeton, N.J., D. Van Nostrand, 1962, 1964, indexed, 438pp. Organization of Debt Into Currency and Other Papers - Online at the Mises Institute. - Rare metal redemptionist. - An enemy of any note issue by banks unless 100% redeemable. -- Does not consider redemption in goods, services and labour at their nominal gold weight value, expressed in prices, wages fees and in optional, refusable and discountable paper notes, competitively issued. - It is the old question, brilliantly stated by Bastiat, of the difference beween what is seen and what is not seen. Only the rare metal coins and claims to them were clearly seen. - Acceptance options for paper notes, as good as gold and accepted like gold coins, for the things people really need or want, was and, largely is still, ignored by all too many people. - This in spile of the fact that inherently valueless paper notes of the governments do still have some purchasing power towards goods, services and labor, for all people depending upon monetary exchanges. - Only their paper value standard and their supply leaves much to be desired, in the absence of free competition. - The legal tender clause on the government paper money is, perhaps, the most ignored clause on any certificates. It is largely ignored even by “economists”, like the issue monopoly is, when they “discuss” inflation. - Often even daily seen phenomena are not clearly understood. - Not only in medicine, biology,  technology and in the natural sciences. - Moreover, what is not seen, namely: gold coin circulation, does also still dominate the “thinking” of  all too many money reformers, namely the “gold-bugs.” - It is like the dream of many who wish to return to supposedly “golden” former times. That is bugging me, although I do recognize that they do have the natural right to confine all their exchanges to such a currency and its redemption in such coins. - J.Z. - JZL. - CARROLL, CHARLES HOLT, note only, on “Money Follows Commerce”, in THE FREEMAN, with a critical note by John Zube, 1p, in PEACE PLANS 906.

CARROLL, R. B., Historical Collections of South Carolina. New York, 1836. - Carothers, Fractional Money.

CARSON, CLARENCE B., A Credit Expansion Economy, THE FREEMAN, March 85, pp.141-152. “We need to get the government out of the business of credit production.”- p.152. - If the credit is soundly granted and applied, it will always be balanced by the corresponding debts involved, i.e., there is no inflationary effect from it, as expressed in the popular notion of “credit inflation”. Monetary and clearing freedom would make it much easier for the debtors to pay their debts and certain for the creditors to be paid, in sound banknotes or via clearing. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CARSON, CLARENCE B., Permanent Depression. THE FREEMAN, Dec. 79, pp. 743-751. - On Say’s Law he says, correctly, on p. 746: “In the absence of a medium of exchange, or money, if you will, supply is demand and demand is supply.” - While this is correct, he does not clearly state that, in a monetary system, the supplier is severely dependent upon the supply of exchange media or clearing options. Once these options are monopolized and all too mismanaged, or underdeveloped, as is usual under non-competitive conditions, then the suppliers of consumer goods, services and labor are in a desperate situation. - Under monetary despotism the suppliers of goods, services and labor are not free to turn their offers into effective monetary demand or clearing options to acquire the goods, services and labor of others. - Say may still have assumed that this would happen automatically under full monetary freedom, or that the supply of rare metal coins would sufficiently adapt to the supply of the other economic goods or, like Rothbard much later did, that the prices, and monetary demand, exclusively expressed in rare metal weight coins (or their equivalent in certificates), would rapidly enough adapt to any increase in the supply of goods, services and labor, so that all of them could still be freely and easily exchanged without any friction or stoppages. Haven’t we had enough crises as yet to teach us that this is not the case and never was? This enormous error, creating an economic depression for thousands of years, finds its equivalent in the belief that a central bank could possibly supply a whole national economy sufficiently with exchange media and clearing facilities. - We are still paying dearly for these errors, in loss of earning opportunities, property, rights and liberties, personal security and inviolability and even in lives lost, by the millions, in the catastrophic political, despotic, totalitarian, revolutionary, civil war, terrorist and military consequences of these crises. - J.Z., 9.6.10. - E.g., Japanese misleaders still though that they had to conquer a market for Japan’s exports and imports, rather than merely trying to use and serve it as well as they can, as they do now. - Western “protectionism” almost forced them into conquest attempts. How many millions, so far, paid for their lives with this kind and related kinds of “protectionism”, which does not really protect but monopolize, deprive and provoke a similarly wrongful and harmful retaliation? - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CARSON, CLARENCE B., The Constitution & Paper Money, THE FREEMAN, 7/83, 8pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.40.

CARSON, CLARENCE B., The Founding of the American Republic, part 12, The Scourge of Inflation, THE FREEMAN, July 1972, pp. 419-433. - (Good on legal tender and Gresham's Law. - J.Z.)

CARSON, DEAN, Banking and Monetary Studies. ed. Homewood, Ill., Richard D. Irwin, Inc., 1963 - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

CARSON, R. A. G., Coins, Ancient, Mediaeval & Modern. London: Hutchinson, 1962. - DOTY (1978). Reprinted 1970. - Joe Cribb

CARTER, CHARLES, War Finance No Problem. (privately printed by the author), Sydney, 1917. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

CARTER, CLARENCE EDWIN, The Territory of Michigan, 1829-1837. (ed.) The Territorial Papers of the United States, vol. 12. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

CARTER, KATE B., Heart Throbs of the West. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers. 1940. Excellent overview of the  monetary history of Utah but deficient in disclosing sources. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CARTER, KATE B., Treasures of Pioneer History. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1935. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CARTER, THOMAS FRANCIS, Invention of Printing in China and Its Spread Westward. New York, 1925. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

CARVALHO, ALBERTO De, La Crise Financière au Bresil. Lisbon. 1897.

CARVER, T. N., The Possibilities of Price Fixing in Time of Peace." AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, March 1919, p.247. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Fixed prices or controlled prices are contradictions in terms. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CARY, THOMAS G., A Practical View of the Business of Banking. 1845. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Why is the moral, the human rights and liberties view of this business so rarely considered? - J.Z., 27.3.10.

CASASUS, JOAQUIN D., Les Institutions de Crédit. Brussels, 1900.

CASIRI, MICHAEL, Bibliotheca Arabico-Hispana Escurialensis. Madrid, 1760-70. 2 vols., fol.

CASS, DAVID & SHELL, KARL, Do Sunspots Matter? 1983. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 91:193-227. - Paul Davidson, The Economics of Ignorance or Ignorance of Economics. (One of the numerous crisis theories. - J.Z., 10.5.10.)

CASSEL, GUSTAV, Crisis in the World's Monetary System. (Oxford University Press). - Sir Leo Chiozza, Product Money, 1933.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, Das Geldproblem der Welt. München 1922. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Let each person or voluntary payment group be quite free to solve their own money problems, without coercion, legalized monopolies, fraud, or violence against others. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, Das Geldwesen nach 1914. Leipzig 1925. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Usually, it went from bad to worse. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, Das Stabilisierungs Problem. Leipzig, 1926. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934. - Das ist nur ein Problem wenn man es nicht dem freien Markt überlässt sondern versucht zu „stabilisieren“ under Beibehaltung des montären Despotismus. - J.Z., 13.4.10. - The money system of monetary despotism is, inherently, as unstable as a pyramid reversed and precariously balanced on its head. - Its human heads have quite insufficient knowledge of monetary theory, experience and facts - but they know how to abuse this „system“ to their own advantage and at the risk and expense of almost everybody else. - Whoever manages to aquire some of this forced and exclusive currency does somewhat participate in the advantages the monopolistic central banks and their governments derive from this, at the risk and expense of those, made artificially dependent upon this kind of money. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, Money and Foreign Exchange after 1914. New York & London, Macmillan, 1922. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, Postwar Monetary Stabilization. New York: Columbia University Press, 1928. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - How “stable” was it and for how long, after this “stabilization”, which preserved the inherent instability and risks of monetary despotism? - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, The Crisis in the World's Monetary System. - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics. - Did he see it as a crisis caused by central banking and legislation? - J.Z., 4.4.10.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, The Downfall of the Gold Standard. Oxford, New York, Kelley, 1936. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy. - It was rather the failure of those, to whom it was, legally and wrongfully entrusted. For their mismanagement they were praised and all forms of “the” gold standard were blamed, including the quite sound and optional gold-weight accounting and clearing standard, without compulsory “reserves”, “covers” and redemption, a gold standard which only requires quite free markets in gold and full publicity for it. - It was only the governmental forced paper currencies that fell in value against gold and gold-pricing, accounting, trading and even possession was largely outlawed, because it showed up the flaws of the forced and exclusive paper currencies that had been multiplied without justification. -J.Z., 25.3.10. - It did not really fall but it was pushed down, by those, to whom it was, wrongly, entrusted. - J.Z., 4.4.10.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, The Theory of Social Economy. 1932. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, The World's Monetary Problems. London, 1921. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, Theoretische Sozialökonomie. Leipzig 1927. - Max Franzke, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? 1931.

CASSEL, GUSTAV, Wandlungen im Wesen der Goldwährung. - Max Franzke, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? 1931. These “changes” required legalized coercion! - J.Z., 24.4.10.

CASSELL, FRANCIS, Gold or Credit. Pall Mall Press, London, 1965. - Timothy Green, The World of Gold Today.

CASTÁN, CARLOS & CAYÓN, JUAN R., Las Monedas y Billetes Españoles 1868-1978. Madrid 1977. - Albert Pick

CASTANEDA, HECTOR-NERI & GEORGE, NAKHUNIKIAN, Morality and the Language of Conduct. (eds.) Wayne State University Press, Detroit 1963. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

CASTANEDA, HECTOR-NERI, Thinking and Doing. The Philosophical Foundations of Institutions." Philosophical Studies Series in PHILOSOPHY, vol. 7, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland and Boston, U.S.A. 1975. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

CATALOG OF COINS, TOKENS AND MEDALS IN THE NUMISMATIC COLLECTION OF THE MINT OF THE UNITED STATES AT PHILADELPHIA, Pennsylvania. Washington: Bureau of the Mint, 1914. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CATALOGUE OF GREEK COINS IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 29 vols. Reprinted Bologna, Italy: Arnaldo Forni, Editore, 1963-. - DOTY (1978).

CATES, DAVID C., New Perspective on the Bank Stock Market." In: Gies, Thomas G., & Apilado, Vincent P., eds., Banking Markets and Financial Institutions. Homewood, Ill., Richard D. Irwin, Inc., 1971: 347-352. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CATLIN, GEORGE B., A Brief History of Detroit in the Golden Days of '49. Detroit: Detroit Savings Bank, 1921. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

CATLIN, GEORGE B., The Story of Detroit. Detroit: THE DETROIT NEWS, 1926. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

CATO INSTITUTE, Monetary and Banking Policy. - Monetary and Banking Policy by the Cato Institute The Institute's aims are the promotion of public policy based on individual liberty, limited government, free markets, and peace. Many publications on money are available from its web server. - www.cato.org/research/mon-st.html - www.cato.org/ - Roy Davies

CATO INSTITUTE, The future of money in the information age. 14th Annual Monetary Conference, May 23, 1996  [1996] http://www.cato.org/moneyconf/money14.html

CATO JOURNAL, THE, Alternative to Government Fiat Money. in CATO JOURNAL, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Fall 1989), Special Issue. Articles and responses by Buchanan, White, Yeager, White, etc., on the proper monetary regime for a free market economy.

CATO JOURNAL, THE, Reforming the Monetary Regime. in CATO JOURNAL, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Winter 1986), Special Issue. Articles and responses by Schwartz, Yeager, White, Vaubel, etc., on some of the issues of free banking and currency competition.

CATO JOURNAL, THE, The Search for Stable Money, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 1983, especially the contributions by Robert A. Mundell, Alan Reynolds, Joseph T. Salerno, Lawrence H. White & Leland B. Yeager, published by the Cato Institute, Spring 1983, 333pp, available from University Microfilms. - JZL - Is THE CATO JOURNAL online by now? - J.Z., 12.5.10.

CATTERALL, RALPH, C. H., The Second Bank of the United States. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1902,1903. - “On the Bank War itself, the most satisfactory work, although it does not carry the story through the final years of the Bank's history after the charter had expired.” - Remini.

CATTS, DOROTHY, King O'Malley, Man and Statesman. Sydney, 1957. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

CAUWÈS, P., SOUCHON, A., BOURGUIN, M., Questions Monétaires Contemporaines. Paris, 1905.

CAVALCANTI, R., EROSA, A. & TEMZELIDES, T., Private Money and Reserve Management in a Random Matching Model. - We introduce an element of centralization in a random matching model of money that allows for private liabilities to circulate as media of exchange. Some agents which we identify as banks, are endowed with the technology to issue notes and to record-keep reserves with a central clearinghouse, which we call the treasory. - Creation: 1997, Keywords: MONEY; ECONOMIC MODELS, Length: 41 pages. Handle: RePEc:fth:weonec:9715 This file is part of IDEAS, which uses RePEc data. Related papers by JEL classification: E40 E41 Paper provided by Western Ontario - Department of Economics in its series Western Ontario - Department of Economics - This information is provided to you by IDEAS at UQAM using RePEc data. - Note by John Zube: I would have liked to copy the whole paper - but apparently it is copyrighted and the linkages required to copy it were still too difficult for me at this stage to master. - J.Z., 17.12.1998. - By now I would rather see such titles offered online and on discs. A single external HD could come to offer all of them! - J.Z., 12.5.10.

CAVE, ALFRED A., Jacksonian Democracy and the Historians. Gainesville, Florida, 1964. - One of the historiographical guides to assist the reader in finding his way. - Remini.

CAVE, C. H., A History of Banking in Bristol from 1750-1888(??). Bristol, 1899. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

CAVELL, STANLEY, The Avoidance of Love. A Reading of King Lear. In: Must We Mean What We Say? Charles Scribner's Sons, New York 1969. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - Sound money can neither be based on love nor hate nor coercion but only on goods, services and labor. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

CAVERS, DAVID F., Low Visibility Environmental Law. HARVARD LAW SCHOOL BULLETIN, Vol. 22, No. 2, December 1970, pp.25 et seq. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - Legal tender is visibly expressed on almost every governmental paper money note. Nevertheless, it remains, largely, ignored. Only its almost inevitable consequences, when combined with the note issue monopoly, are complained about - but not ascribed to legal tender and the issue monopoly. - J.Z., 24.4.10. - Wrongful legislation criminalizes not only “crimes” without victims, i.e., actions that are inherently rightful moral, rational and useful, in the opinion of those, who undertake them, but fails to outlaw real crimes, with victims, by officials, that that have managed to legalize their actions and made the repeal of such legislation rather difficult for long periods and punishes those as “criminals”, who disobey such laws, if they are caught and convicted. The official Mafia is much more wrongful, harmful and dangerous than the unofficial and private Mafia, which is, largely also a “product” of wrongful legislative interventionism. Governments have been no better in protecting the environment than an any other spheres they have usurped. They have even been and remain main offenders against the environment, in all too many ways. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CAVES, R. E. & KRAUSE, L. B., Britain's Economic Performance. (eds.) The Brookings Institution, Washington DC, 1980. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

CAZENOVE, JOHN, An Elementary Treatise of Political Economy. 1840. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CAZENOVE, JOHN, Considerations on the Accumulation of Capital. 1822. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CAZENOVE, JOHN, The Evidence That Would Have Been Given by Mr. …, Late a Continental Merchant, before the Committee of Secrecy Appointed to Inquire into the Expediency of Renewing the Bank Charter. London, Pelham Richardson. 1832. [Cazenove, John]. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

CAZENOVE, JOHN, The Money Crisis. 1847. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CECCO, MARCELLO de & GIOVANNINI, A., Does Europe need its own central bank?' (1989) In: M. de Cecco and A. Giovannini (eds) A European Central Bank? Perspectives on Monetary Unification after Ten Years of the EMS. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. - Dowd

CECCO, MARCELLO DE, Money and Empire, The International Gold Standard, 1890-1914. Basil Blackwell, Oxford 1974. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

CENTI, JEAN-PIERRE, Intégration Européenne et Concurrence des Monnaies. Paris. Economica. 1984. - Nataf

CENTRE FOR LABOUR ECONOMICS, LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS, DISCUSSION PAPERS, 1978 et seq. - Samuel Brittan, in HOBART PAPER 90. - They are, probably, still full of class warfare, trade unionist and State socialist spleens. If Labor people had, early enough, explored and utilized all their self-management options, then they would have come to know the real obstacles to the genuine liberation and prosperity of working people. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

CENTURY MAGAZINE, Cheap Money Experiments in Past and Present Times. New York, 1892. - Money can be cheap to produce and easy to acquire - via services, goods and labor - and yet quite sound. Name-calling does not clarify monetary theory and practice, either. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

CERNUSCHI, HENRI, Anatomy of Money. 1886. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CERNUSCHI, HENRI, Contre le billet de banque. 1865. Paris: A. Lacroix. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - Paris: Guillaumin, 1866. - SMITH, VERA C.

CERNUSCHI, HENRI, Die Restitution des Silbers eine Naturnotwendigkeit für die gesamte Kulturwelt. Aus dem Französischen und mit Einleitung versehen v. Otto Arendt, 1881, Verlag von PUTTKAMMER & MÜHLBRECHT, Berlin. - Fritz Schumann, Die Privatnotenbanken, 1909. - As if other value standards ought to be outlawed! - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CERNUSCHI, HENRI, Mécanique de l'Echange. Paris: A. Lacroix, 1865. - SMITH, VERA C.

CERNUSCHI, HENRI, Nomisma; or Legal Tender. N.Y., Appleton, 1877, Australian National Library, 332.423. - Not yet checked out by me. - J.Z., 12.2.10. - CERNUSCHI, HENRI, 1821-1896:

CERNUSCHI, HENRI, The Monetary Conference. 1881. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CESPEDES, Historia de D. Felipe IV. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CHADBOURNE, W. W., A History of Banking in Maine, 1779-1930. Orono, Maine, 1936. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

CHADDOCK, ROBERT E., The Safety Fund Banking System in New York State, 1829-1866. PUBLICATIONS OF NATIONAL MONETARY COMMISSION, vol. 2, pp. 227-388. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1911. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski. (1910. - Groseclose) - If issues and current accounts are soundly based on ready for sale goods and services and credits are rationally provided, e.g. no long term credits out of short-term funds are granted, then a safety fund would hardly be needed. The losses caused by a few bad debtors could be covered by part of the interest charges or by some credit-insurance contract, combined with a more effective system than that of governments for the recovery of losses from bad or dishonest debtors. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CHAIM, B., A Bibliography of Mutualism & Individualist Anarchism. Mutualist Press, 1979, $ 42,95. (I have not seen a copy of this or of any other output of this press. It should contain some more monetary freedom titles. ISBN-0-686-25748-0. J.Z.)

CHAITLIN, MARC ERIC ELY-, Depository Trust Co. of Elysia. One Elyat Note. 1984. Letter to T. M., 20 July 86, Information Paper # 5, THINK Series, Central News Service: Where's The Money?, also: extract from letter to T. M., 1 Dec. 86, all in PEACE PLANS 740. - Alas, Chaitlin died in the meantime. - J.Z., 12.5.10. See also under ELY-CHAITLIN.

CHALMERS, GEORGE, Considerations on Commerce, etc. 1811. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CHALMERS, HENRY C., Foreign Trade Policies: The Changing Panorama, 1920-1953. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - Most such “policies” reveal ignorance of Free Trade theory and practice. - J.Z., 4.4.10.

CHALMERS, R., A History of Currency in the British Colonies. London, 1893. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

CHALMERS, THOMAS, On Political Economy. Glasgow, William Collins, 1832. Chapters I -V. “This is the clearest, systematic presentation of the Malthusian theory of gluts, by a disciple of Malthus in this and other areas.” - Thomas Sowell, Say’s Law. - Apparently, Malthusians manage to believe in both, a glut of people and a glut of food and to ignore the conservation, transport and free trade options for food and the free migration option for people. As Ulrich von Beckerath used to say: The free food producers always complain about a shortage of mouths for their produce. - J.Z., 5.4.10.

CHALON, R. H. G., Recherches sur les Monnais des Contes de Hainaut. Brussels, 1848-54. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES, Wage and Price Controls: A Failure in History, Theory and Practice. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Many writers know what they do not want but they do not know how to achieve what they do want. - J.Z., 20.3.10.

CHAMBERLAIN, JOHN, Money, A Reviewer's Notebook. THE FREEMAN, Apr. 74, 6pp, in PEACE PLANS 804.

CHAMBERLEN, HUGH, Constitution of the Office of Land Credit. 1696. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CHAMBERS, WILLIAM NISBET, Old Bullion Benton, Senator from the New West: Thomas Hart Benton, 1782-1858. Boston, 1956. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. - Boston: Little, Brown, 1956. - Temin.

CHANDLER, LESTER V., & WALLACE, D.H., Economic Mobilization and Stabilization. (eds.) New York: Holt, 1952. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

CHANDLER, LESTER V., Inflation in the U.S., 1940-1948. New York: Harper, 1951. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

CHANDLER, LESTER V., Introduction to Monetary Theory. New York: Harper, 1940. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

CHANDLER, LESTER V., The Economics of Money and Banking. 1948. - 2. Aufl., New York 1953. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - 4th ed., New York: Harper, 1964. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy. - Most likely, it, too, deals only with the anti-economics of “central banking”. - Alas, one person does not have the time, interest and energy to read and judge all these tomes. It has to be a voluntary and cooperative effort, of those interested in building up a genuine science of money, banking and finance, without dogmatic adherence to any one-sided school or theory. - J.Z., 4.4.10. Statists manage to overlook the non-governmental, non-territorial but rightful and voluntary alternatives in other spheres as well. So do most “economists”, lawyers, legislators and judges, not to speak of bureaucrats.- J.Z., 24.4.10.

CHANDLER, ZACHARIAH, Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

CHANG, KIA-NGAU, The Inflationary Spiral. Cambridge: Technology Press of Massachusetts Institute of Technology; New York: Wiley; and London: Chapman & Hall, Ltd., 1958. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief. - Another flawed concept on money. No single contributing factor that increases prices can lead to an endless spiral. - J.Z., 24.4.10. The only almost endless “spirals” that we do get are those by the government’s monopoly printing presses for their forced currencies. Government officials and their various “courtiers” do not like to speak or write about it. They always tend to blame others for the results of their own wrongful actions or teachings. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CHANG, P. H. KEVIN, Commodity Price Shocks and International Finance." Ph.D. dissertation. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1988. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

CHANNING, EDWARD, A History of the United States. 6 vols. New York, 1905-25. Vol. V. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

CHANT, J., Regulation of Financial Institutions - A Functional Analysis. (1987) Bank of Canada Technical Report 45, January. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

CHANT, J., The new theory of financial intermediation. chapter 3 of K. Dowd and M. K. Lewis (eds) Current Issues in Financial and Monetary Economics, London: Macmillan. (1992)

CHAPMAN, HENRY, The Colonial Coins Prior to July 4, 1776. THE NUMISMATIST, February 1948. - Brian Summers

CHAPMAN, JOHN M., et al, Commercial Banks and Installment Credit. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1940. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

CHAPMAN, JOHN M., & WESTERFIELD, RAY B, 1942, Branch Banking: Its Historical and Theoretical Position in the America and Abroad. N.Y., Harper & Brothers, - Schuler

CHAPPEL, DAVID, & DOWD, KEVIN, Is Convertibility on Demand always Optimal?' Mimeo, Universities of Nottingham and Sheffield. 1991. - Dowd See also: DOWD.

CHAPPEL, DAVID, & DOWD, KEVIN, Option Clauses and Banknote Convertibility.’ 1988 mimeo, Sheffield: School of Management and Economic Studies, Money and Finance Project, discussion paper 88.1, University of Sheffield, 21pp, in PEACE PLANS 792. . - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

CHAPPELL, DAVID, On the Revenue Maximizing Rate of Inflation. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 13 (August 1981): 391-92. - White, Competition & Currency.

CHAPPELL, N. M., New Zealand Banker's Hundred: A History of the Bank of New Zealand, 1861-1961. Wellington, 1961. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

CHARI, V. V. & JAGANNATHAN, R., Banking panics, information, and rational expectations equilibrium. (1988), Journal, of Finance 43: 749-61. - Dowd

CHARI, V. V., Banking without deposit insurance or bank panics: lessons from a model of the US National Banking System. (1989) Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Quarterly Review 13, summer: 3-19. - Dowd

CHARLTON, J. E., Standard Catalogue of Canadian Coins, Tokens and Paper Money. 24. Aufl., Port Carling 1976. - Albert Pick. - 26th ed. Toronto, Ontario: Charlton International Publishing Inc., 1978. - DOTY (1978).

CHASE, SALMON P., NUNNS, ANNE A., Some Letters of Salmon P. Chase, 1848-1865. ed. AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW 34 (Apr. 1929): 536-55. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

CHASE, SALMON P., Papers. Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

CHASE, SALMON P., Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

CHASE, SALMON PORTLAND, See: SCHUKERS, J. W., The Life and Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase .... New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1874. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

CHASE, SALMON PORTLAND, See: WARDEN, ROBERT B., An Account of the Private Life and Public Salmon Portland Chase. Cincinnati: Witstack, Baldwin and Co., 1874. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

CHASE, STUART, Economy of Abundance. New York, 1934. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

CHATTERS, CARL H., Is Municipal Scrip a Panacea? Extract from PUBLIC MANAGEMENT, March 1933. Reproduced by Edgar Milhaud, in his “Fresh Work Fresh Markets, Appendix E, pp.223-225. - JZL.

CHAUDOIR, S. de, Recueil de monnaies de la Chine, du Japon, de la Corée, d'Anam et de Java, St. Pétersbourg 1842. - Herbert Franke, Geld- & Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft.

CHAZOTTE, PETER S., A New System of Banking, etc. Philadelphia, 1813. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Lawrence H. White. - Are more than one in 1000 of such proposals in favor of free banking? - It would take some collaboration between freedom lovers to turn all such entries into warnings, e.g. by adding: central banking advocate! - J.Z., 27.3.10.

CHECKLAND, Prof. S. G., Adam Smith and the Bankers. In Andrew S. Skinner and Thomas Wilson, eds., Essays on Adam Smith. Oxford, Clarendon Press. 1975a. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

CHECKLAND, Prof. S. G., Banking History and Economic Development: Seven Systems. SCOTTISH JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 15, 1968:144-66. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

CHECKLAND, Prof. S. G., Scottish Banking: A History, 1695-1973. Glasgow & London, Collins, 1975. - Dowd - Schuler - White. - "Rather misses the significance of free banking, though it contains much useful information." - M. Frey. - This important work of 785 pages can be regarded by collectors of Scottish banknotes as an invaluable investment. - James Douglas. - Alas, the mere note collectors do still outnumber the sound theoreticians of freely issued banknotes, not to speak of the practitioners of free banking. But then collecting notes is legal. Issuing them is outlawed for most people and associations. Thus the governments can go on issuing their bad monies, giving their victims no other monetary choices. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CHECKLAND, Prof. S. G., The Lancashire Bill System and its Liverpool Protagonists. ECONOMICA, May 1954.

CHEMINANT, K. L., Foreign and Colonial Banking Systems. - G. D. H. Cole.

CHEN, HUAN-CHANG, The Economic Principles of Confucius and his School. Longmans, New York, 1911. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CHEUNG, STEVEN N. S., The Structure of a Contract and the Theory of a Non-Exclusive Resource. In Furubotn, E. G., and Pejovich, S., eds., The Economics of Property Rights. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger Publishing, 1974: 11-30. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CHEVALIER, MICHAEL, Society, Manners and Politics in the United States. Boston: Weeks, Jordan, 1839. - Klebaner. - Titles do often not sufficiently indicated their contents. - J.Z. - MICHEL? - J.Z.

CHEVALIER, MICHEL, Des mines d'Argent et d'Or du Nouveau Monde. "REVUE DES DEUX MONDES," nouv. sér., xvi. 980-1035, Paris, 1846. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CHEVALIER, MICHEL, Lettres sur l'Amérique du Nord. Paris: Gosselin, 1837. - SMITH, VERA C.

CHEVALIER, MICHEL, On the probable fall of the value of Gold, &c. Translated from the French with preface by R. Cobden. Manchester, 1859. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - As if the mining output were the only factor. For instance, the increasing population, division of labor, science and technology greatly increased and greatly cheapened output, thus giving gold more purchasing power. - The single cause hypothesis leads to many false conclusions. - J.Z., 19.4.10.

CHEVALIER, MICHEL, The New Depreciation of Silver. Translated from the REVUE DES DEUX MONDES for August, 1876. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CHICK, VICTORIA, Circulation Notes in Rural China. 1957, FAR EASTERN ECONOMIC REVIEW, April 11, 1983.

CHICK, VICTORIA, Macroeconomics after Keynes. 1983. Cambridge: MIT Press. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CHILD, Sir JOSIAH, A Short Addition to the Observations concerning Trade and Money. (London, 1668.) - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

CHILD, Sir JOSIAH, Brief Observations concerning Trade and Money. (London, 1668.) - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

CHILPERIC EDWARDS, The Hammurabi Code and the Sinaitic Legislation. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat Press, 1904, pp. 69-72. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CHIN, FELIX & KNIGHT, EDWARD, Government Policy Relating to Wages and Prices. 1974: A Selected Bibliography, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, Washington, D.C., 1976. - (Excellent and extensive bibliography on both sides of the issue.) - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CHIOZZA, Sir LEO, Money: The Triumph of Nationalization. (Cassell). - Sir Leo Chiozza, Product Money, 1933.This “triumph” led, everywhere to failures and crises caused, largely, by the “national” currencies. - J.Z., 25.6.10.

CHIOZZA, Sir LEO, Money’s Fiscal Dictionary. - Sir Leo Chiozza, Product Money, 1933. - He also wrote, together with H. G. Wells: “The Great State”! - I noticed only some primitive monetary freedom notions in his “Product Money”, which he described as a sequel to “Riches and Poverty.” - J.Z., 31.3.10.

CHIOZZA, Sir LEO, Product Money. Methuen & Co, London, 1933, indexed, with bibliography, 173pp. - JZL.

CHIOZZA, Sir LEO, Riches and Poverty. (Methuen). - Sir Leo Chiozza, Product Money, 1933.

CHISHOLM, D., Canadian Monetary Policy 1914-1934: The Enduring Glitter of the Gold Standard. (1979) unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Cambridge University. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - Most people seem to know only one or the other of the more or less flawed versions of the various “gold standards” and not the optimal and almost flawless one, the gold weight value clearing or accounting standard. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CHISHOLM, D., La Banque du Canada: était-elle nécessaire? (1983) L'ACTUALITE ECONOMIQUE, 59, pp.551-74. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - All its activities should be confined to those, who still consider a central bank to be rightful, useful and necessary. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

CHLEPNER, B. S., Belgian Banking and Banking Theory.” 1943, Washington, Brookings Institution. - Schuler

CHODOROV, FRANK, Taxation Is Robbery. - "Taxation is Robbery" - Out of Step: The Autobiography of an Individualist, by Frank Chodorov; The Devin-Adair Company, New York, 1962, pp. 216-239. - Online at the Mises Institute.

CHODOROV, FRANK, The Income Tax: The Root of All Evil. Old Greenwich, Connecticut: The Devin-Adair Co., 1954, 1974. - Leslie Snyder, Justice or Revolution. - www.mises.org/etexts/rootofevil.pdf - There are some other evils that are not caused by it. - The income tax or any other tax did not necessarily lead to legal tender and central banking monopoly money just because they made tax foundation paper money possible. - Such monies were also soundly and competitively issued, reckoning e.g. in gold weight units and having no legal tender power in general circulation. - J.Z., 24.4.10. Income Tax: Root of All Evil (pdf) - Online at the Mises Institute.

CHOU, SHUN-HSIN, The Chinese Inflation, 1937-1949. Foreword by C. Martin Wilbur. New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1963. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief. - And since? - J.Z.

CHRIST, CARL F., Review, 6pp, of: SELGIN, GEORGE, The Theory of Free Banking: Money Supply under Competitive Note Issue, Totowa, Rowman and Littlefield, 1988, co-published with the Cato-Institute: in PEACE PLANS 1575/1575, p.357, from MARKET PROCESS. - In my view no more than A theory of free banking and an incomplete one at that. - J.Z.

CHRIST, CARL F., Rules vs. Discretion in Monetary Policy. pp. 121-142. - Comment by James M. Buchanan, pp. 143-146. - CATO JOURNAL, Vol.3, No. 1, Spring 83, The Search for Stable Money. - JZL.

CHRIST, P. Geschäfte ohne Geld. In: DIE ZEIT 15.4.1983. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de  (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.) - Auf der Toilette kann auch ich „Geschäfte“ machen, ohne Geld! - J.Z., 4.3.10.

CHRISTCHURCH TIMES, More Purchasing Power. 21.10.32. The Milhaud Plan in New Zealand. Reproduced by Edgar Milhaud, in his “Fresh Work Fresh Markets, part IV, pages 250-252. - JZL. - To counter the usual objections, he should have added: “With a sound value standard.” Or: In a form that would assure more sales for ready for sale goods, labor and services, with the only price-increasing effect being that emergency sales prices would be done away with. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CHRISTEN, DR. Med., TH., Das Geldwesen, ein dynamisches System. Genossenschaft Verlag Freiwirtschaftlicher Schriften, Pestalozzi-Haus, Bern, Leipzig, Wien, 2. Aufl, 1932. 1. Aufl. 1920. 108 S. - Ulrich von Beckerath schrieb darüber and Prof. Rittershausen, am 26.7.55: „ ... Ich habe darin nur sehr wenige richtige Sätze gefunden, dafür aber sehr viele falsche. Bei den Gesellianern gilt Christen als der Mathematiker; sie behaupten, dass die Gesellsche Theorie in dem Buch mathematisch und daher unwiderleglich begründet sei. Ich bin bis Seite 39 gekommen, habe aber auf diesen Seine nicht eine richtige Formel gefunden. Dafür bin ich aber darauf gekommen, dass die Verkehrsgleichung noch unlogischer ist, als ich früher gemeint hatte. ...“ - JZL.

CHU, KAM HON, Free Banking and Information Asymmetry. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT AND BANKING, Vol. 31, No. 4, 1999, 748-762. - Piepenbrink

CHU, KAM HON, Is Free Banking More Prone to Bank Failures than Regulated Banking? - Is Free Banking More Prone to Bank Failures than Regulated Banking?, THE CATO JOURNAL, vol.16, n.1

CHURCH, JEREMIAH, Journal of Travels, Adventures and Remarks of Jerry Church. Harrisburg, Pa., 1933. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. - Sometimes the reports of travelers are more informative than those of some “economists”. - Perhaps, this is here the case, too. -J.Z., 15.4.10.

CIESZKOWSKI, AUGUSTE, Du Crédit et de la Circulation. Paris: Treuttel et Wurtzm, 1839. - SMITH, VERA C.

CIPOLLA, CARLO M., Money, Prices, and Civilization in the Mediterranean World: Fifth to Seventeenth Century. 1956. Princeton: Princeton University Press. - White, Competition & Currency. - Samuel Brittan, in HOBART PAPER 90.

CITIZEN OF BOSTON, A., A New System of Paper Money. Boston: I. R. Butts, 1837. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

CIVIS, Observations on the Proposed Patriotic Bank. Washington, 1815. "Civis." - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - “Patriotic” banking has “financed” all too many wrongful wars! - J.Z., 27.3.10. A bank should not be “patriotic” or “nationalistic” but businesslike. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CLAASSEN, EMIL MARIA, Der Wettbewerb als Ordnungsprinzip der Geldschaffung, in Verstehen und Gestalten der Wirtschaft. Festgabe für F.A. Lutz zum 70. Geburtstag, Tübingen, Mohr (Siebeck),1971. -Gerding

CLAASSEN, EMIL MARIA, Monetary Integration and Monetary Stability: The Economic Criteria of the Monetary Constitution. Diskussionsbeiträge des Fachbereichs Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Gesamthochschule Duisburg, No. 11, Oct. 1979. - Gerding

CLAASSEN, EMIL MARIA, Recent Issues in International Monetary Economics. Amsterdam, 1976, 428pp ? Qld. U. fb?

CLAASSEN, EMIL-MARIA, Grundlagen der Geldtheorie, 2., neubearbeitete u. erweiterte Auflage, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, N.Y.,1980, enthält Kapitel wie: Freier Wettbewerb zwischen den Geldproduzenten, S.275-278. (partly copied, in JZL.)

CLAGETT, W.C., Money, Banks, Panics & Prosperity, Washington, Chicago, 1898. - (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

CLAIN-STEFANELLI, ELVIRA, Select Numismatic Bibliography. New York: Stack's, 1965. - DOTY (1978).

CLAIR, OSWALD ST., A Key to Ricardo. New York, Augustus M. Kelley, 1965, Chapter 3. - Thomas Sowell, Say’s Law.

CLAPHAM, Sir JOHN H., The Bank of England: a History I, 1694-1797, (1970) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. - (1944) The Bank of England: a History II, 1797-1914, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. - Dowd - According to Lawrence H. White it appeared with Macmillan, New York, in 1945, in 2 volumes.

CLAPHAM, Sir JOHN H., An Economic History of Modern Britain. Sir JOHN. (Cambridge 1929, 1930, 1932, 1938; and subsequent editions and reprintings), three volumes. - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

CLAPHAM, Sir JOHN, H. The Private Business of the Bank of England, 1744-1800. (Sir JOHN) ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, 1941, vol. xi. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

CLAPHAM, Sir JOHN, H., An Economic History of Modern Britain: The Early Railway Age 1820-1850. Cambridge, 1950. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

CLAPHAM, Sir JOHN, H., The Bank of England: A History. Cambridge 1944, 1945. New York, Macmillan. 1945. Two volumes. The official history of the Bank. A third volume by Professor R. S. Sayers is in progress. (1974). - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

CLARE, A B C of Foreign Exchange. - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics. - CLARE, A B C of the Foreign Exchanges, written from the Market standpoint. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947. - Only wrongful and irrational laws have turned “foreign exchange” into a problem. - J.Z., 4.4.10.

CLARE, G., Money Market Primer. (revised 1931). - G. D. H. Cole. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947.

CLARK, C. R., Florida Trade Tokens. St. Petersburg, Fl., Great Outdoors Publishing Company, 1980. - Timberlake.

CLARK, EVANS, The Internal Debts of the United States. (editor) New York, 1933. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

CLARK, FRED G. & RIMANOCZY, RICHARD STANTON, Money. D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., New York, Toronto, London, 1947, 2nd. ed., 1948. A large book, in large print, of only 39pp. I noted only: currency school! However, I got my 50 cents worth through 2 sentences in the summary: 2.) “Money is valuable to the holder only when others are willing to give up goods and services in exchange for it.” (If these others are the money issuers, then, obviously, they are obliged to do so, even without gold cover or legal tender power for such “shop currency”. However, the authors do not advocate such a currency. 7.) “Without effective control over the money supply, the citizen loses control over his own material welfare.” - Alas, the authors do not demand that the citizens should all be “controllers” of the money supply, either as entrepreneurs, who competitively issue optional money, or as volunteers, who either accept some competing currency at par with its nominal value or at a discount against a sound value standard, or as “refuseniks”, who refuses to accept money not issued by themselves or their associates, money they suspect or may even have some reasons to distrust. - J.Z., 23.3.10, 26.6.10. - JZL.

CLARK, GEORGE L., Trusts: Cases and Text. New York, Bobbs-Merrill, 1954. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - The worst and legalized trusts are the central banks! - J.Z., 4.4.10.

CLARK, GORDON, Shylock: as Banker, Bondholder, Corruptionist, Conspirator. Washington, 1894. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

CLARK, J. A., Economies of scale and scope at depository financial institutions: a review of the literature. (1988), Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Economic Review, September-October: 16-33. - Dowd - I would prefer it if authors, publishers and bibliographers always used the full name of author, especially when it comes to authors with a quite common family name. - J.Z.

CLARK, J. B., The Control of the Trusts. N. Y., 1901. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - Just remove all governmentally granted privileges, protections and subsidies for them. Moreover, let them also become exterritorially autonomous, if they want to. - Then they can only control themselves, their volunteers, workers and investors and do not interfere with consumer sovereignty and free enterprise. J.Z., 2.5.10, 26.6.10. I trust “trusts” more than I trust the control of trusts by territorial governments, which are more likely to go to bed with them. - J.Z., 27.6.10. - Full publicity is not yet sufficiently used as a control factor. One of the reasons for this is the high level of taxation, or even any compulsory taxation and prohibitions, which drive many activities, not only drug production and trading, to the black market, where, thereupon, many abuses remain undiscovered and unprevented until it is too late. Under fully free competition most trusts or very large corporations would either not have been established at all or would soon enough collapse or be reduced, because they are over-sized, slow and insufficiently innovative and also all too wasteful. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CLARK, J. M. Strategic Factors in Business Cycles. - “helps to place monetary policy in proper perspective.” - R. C. Mills & E. R. Walker, Money. 1935-1952. - The continuance of an official “monetary policy” is not a “proper perspective”. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

CLARK, JAMES, Misconceptions about Austrian Business Cycle Theory: A Comment. -Vol. 4 Num. 1 - Review of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

CLARK, JOHN BATES, The distribution of Wealth: A Theory of Wages, Interest and Profits. 1899, OLL. http://www.econlib.org/library/Clark/clkDWtoc.html - Selgin.

CLARK, LINDLEY H. Jr., Creating an Adequate Scarcity of Dollars." WALL STREET JOURNAL, 28 July 1981, 27. - White, Competition & Currency. - It should rather have aimed at creating an adequate supply of dollars, sound ones. - How “scarce” should sound dollars be, for all people? It scares me, how carelessly many people use the English language - often including myself. - J.Z., 11.6.10.

CLARK, S. A., Pioneer Days of Oregon History. Portland: J. K. Gill Company, 1905. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CLARK, TRUMAN A., Violation of the Gold Points, 1890-1908. - J.P.E. 92, October 1984, 791-823. - Cowen & Kroszner.

CLARK, V. S., History of Manufactures in the United States, 1607 to 1860. Washington, 1916. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

CLARK, W. C., Should Maximum Prices be Fixed?" Queen's University Departments of History and Political and Economic Science, BULLETIN (Kingston, Ontario: Queen's University, 1918) No.27, p.25. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Free choice among competing value standards, exchange media and clearing avenues would end inflations, deflations, stagflations, credit restrictions and involuntary mass unemployment. - J.Z., 24.4.10. - Neither maximum nor minimum prices should be “fixed” or determined by anyone but voluntary sellers and buyers. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CLARKE, ANTOINE, The Micropolitics of Free Market Money: A Proposal. Libertarian Alliance, London, ECONOMIC NOTES No. 39, ISSN 0267-7164 ISBN 1 85637 081 X. (c) 1992: Libertarian Alliance; Antoine Clarke. Also in my first CD under Folders: CIRC folders ... 58 Kbs, with bibliography. Ibid: 1994, 24 Kbs. www.libertarian.org/LA/freemoney.html http://www.libertarian.co.uk/lapubs/econn/econn039.pdf

CLARKE, M. St. CLAIR & HALL, D. A., Legislative and Documentary History of the Bank of the United States, including the original Bank of North America. Washington, 1832. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - Remini.

CLARKE, PETER, The Keynesian Revolution in the Making, 1924-1936. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988. - Egger, The Ills of Capitalism.

CLARKE, ROBERT L., The Coins and Tokens of British Oceania, Australia, Fiji, New Guinea, New Zealand. 5th. ed., 1971, Malter-Westerfield Publishing Company. Brings samples of token money. - JZL.

CLASSEN, E.-M., Der Wettbewerb als Ordnungsprinzip der Geldschaffung. In „Verstehen und Gestalten der Wirtschaft, Festschrift für F. A. Lutz, Tübingen, 1971.

CLAUS, R., Das russische Bankwesen. Leipzig 1908. - Obst.

CLAXTON, TIMOTHY, Memoir of a Mechanic; Being a Sketch of the Life of Timothy Claxton, Written by Himself; Together with Miscellaneous Papers. Boston, 1839. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. - Most “bankers” still don’t know or understand the mechanism of competing note-issuing banks. - J.Z., 15.4.10.

CLAY, HENRY, Lord Norman. London, 1957. (Sir HENRY), - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

CLAY, HENRY, Works of Henry Clay. Edited by Calvin Colton. New York, 1863. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CLAY, Post-War Unemployment Problem. - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics. - Only from the statist point of view, I suppose. HENRY CLAY? - J.Z., 4.4.10.

CLAY, WILLIAM, HANSARD 1839, XLIX, col. 813. ( "... cast the issue in sharp relief as one of free banking versus Parliament-designed central banking.” - White, 70. - Are there any designs of any parliaments, which do work quite rightfully and well? If there are, an honor-roll for them could, probably, be relatively short, for each country. The contrary list, of those we should repeal, dishonorably, or simply disobey, would be very long, for each country. If “democracies” were more democratic, then all laws would collect individual votes: Repeal! Change! Uphold! Once, say, 10 to 20 % of SUCH votes would favor repeal, they should be repealed. (Compare Robert Heinlein on this, e.g., I believe, in his “The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress”.) For this would indicate that they are already widely ignored, anyhow. This would apply e.g. to all anti-smuggling and anti-gambling, anti-drug, anti-gun and anti-prostitution laws, all price control laws, all quota laws and many to most licensing laws. The “folk-crimes” that we do habitually commit already, should periodically be published, as invitation to commit more of them, not to increase the penalties upon them. - How many wrongful prohibitions are there? How many can anyone come to know and keep in mind? Even the relatively few rightful and agreed-upon prohibitions of “fair sports” rules are all too often ignored, even in video- and TV recorded public games, watched by thousands to millions - or too little penalized, so that they are infringed again and again, for the spurious “victories” of sports games and their entertainment value for the “circus” crowds. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CLAY, WILLIAM, Remarks on the Expediency of Restricting the Issue of Promissory Notes to a Single Issuing Body. London, James Ridgway. 1844. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

CLAYRE, ALASDAIR, The Political Economy of Co-operation and Participation. (ed.), Oxford University Press, 1979. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

CLAYTON, GEORGE, A Note on the Banking System's Power to Lend. 1955. METROECONOMICA 7(2) (August). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CLEARING HOUSES, New York Clearing House Association, Report to the New York Clearing House Association of a Committee Upon Reforms in the Banking Business. - W.H. Arthur & Co., printers, 1873, 58 pp. - http://books.google.com/books?id=RMQOvD4cbioC - It just might contain some worthwhile data or proposals. - J.Z.

CLEAVELAND, JOHN, The Banking System of the Stale of New York. New York, 1857. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CLERCQ, P. H., De Les Finances de Russie. Amsterdam, 1886. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CLEVELAND, FREDERICK A. & POWELL, FRED W., Railroad Promotion and Capitalization. New York, Longmans Green, 1909, p.171. - Klebaner. - This book might contain information on the issues of railway money. - J.Z.

CLEWS, HENRY, Fifty Years in Wall Street. New York, 1908. - Sobel, The Curbstone Brokers.

CLEWS, HENRY, On the Necessity of an Elastic Currency System … Address to the Minnesota Banker’s Association, at Minneapolis on June 21, 1905. - Redlich. - FB?

CLEWS, HENRY, The Monetary Situation and its Remedies. An Address to the West Virginia Banking Association, June 19, 1906. - Redlich. - If it were a sound one then it would not need any remedies. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CLEWS, HENRY, Twenty-eight Years in Wall Street. New York, 1888.

CLIFFORD, HENRY H., Pioneer Gold Coinage in the West - 1848-1861. The Western Brand Book - Book Nine. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Corral, 1961. This is an excellent overview of pioneer gold economy and coinage in the West. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CLINTON, GEORGE, Essays on Banking. Richmond, Virginia, 1829. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - What is the average truth contents in such essays or books? - J.Z., 27.3.10.

CLIVE, WILLIAM, Dando and the Mad Emperor. For Queen and Country Against a Demented Ehiopian Tyrant. Sphere Books Limited, London, 1976, first published 1974 by MacMillan, London. Pages 104 & 105 report on currency competition: “There was money circulating and extras and favours could be purchased. The most valued currency was the ubiquitous Maria Theresa dollar, but there were also Medjidie - Turkish or Egyptian dollars - and locally minted ones. Rates of exchange fluctuated but, typically, a Maria Theresa dollar might be worth eight locally minted ones and a Medjidie five, although all prices were quoted in terms of local currency. A native horse cost between 60 and 80 dollars, a cow 100 to 160, a woman servant 80 to 100, a concubine 180 to 300, or a small girl of ten years 110 to 160. - Ostensibly, slavery had been forbidden by Theodore several years earlier, but it was still widespread, and Ethiopian morality was, by Victorian British standards, extremely low.” A novel about the Abyssinian campaign of 1867-68. The postscript on pages 170-171 indicates that the author had done historical research. - J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL.

CLOWER, ROBERT W., A Reconsideration of the Microfoundations of Monetary Policy. WESTERN ECONOMIC JOURNAL (ECONOMIC INQUIRY) 6 (Dec. 1967): 1-8. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CLOWER, ROBERT W., Is there an Optimal Money Supply?, JOURNAL OF FINANCE, May 1970, vol. 25, pp. 425-33. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - Yes, the one that full monetary freedom would supply. - J.Z., 24.4.10. It is indicated by the first discounts of currencies within the sphere of their normal circulation. (Not of their foreign exchange rates! For small circulation currencies, if they are rated there at all, not even their discounts at e.g. free gold markets. Locally, they might still be accepted as good as gold coins, by their issuers and thus serve as a local currency, standing at par with its nominal gold weight value. ) These local discounts would indicate their saturation point, without inflation any prices, continually expressed in sound value standards. They would tend to reduce further issues and acceptances, at least temporarily, until they have disappeared again. They serve, so to speak, as fever indicators, preventing any worsening of it and mobilizing the natural healing forces. For instance, the discounted notes will be rapidly payed to those, who have still to accept them at par, i.e. their issuers and, by contract, their debtors and thus the par values of these notes, remaining in circulation, will be rapidly restored through the reflux of a sufficient number of the slightly discounted notes. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CLOWER, ROBERT W., Monetary Theory: Selected Readings. ed. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1969, 1970. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - G. P. O’Driscoll, Jr.

CLOWER, ROBERT W., The Keynesian Counter Revolution: A Theoretical Appraisal. 1965. In: F. H. Hahn and F. P. R. Brechling, eds., The Theory of Interest Rates. London: Macmillan. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CLOWER, ROBERT W., The Keynesian Counter-Revolution: A Theoretical Reappraisal. In Monetary Theory, 1969. ed. R. W. Clower. London: Penguin Books. - Paul Davidson, The Economics of Ignorance or Ignorance of Economics.

CMRE MONOGRAPHS, 47 were issued by August 1990, Committee for Monetary Research and Education, P. O. Box 1630, Greenwich, Connecticut 06836. - I have not seen a later list of them. - J.Z.

COASE, R. H., The problem of social cost. (1960) JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS, 3. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

COBB, JOE, Deregulation of Banking: How Far, How Fast? JOURNAL OF RETAIL BANKING (September 1981). - White, Competition & Currency.

COBB, JOE, Review of Henry Mark Holzer: Government's Money Monopoly. REASON, month?, 1982, in PEACE PLANS 740.

COBB, JOE, The Fallacy of Central Banking. NOMOS, STUDIES IN SPONTANEOUS ORDER, Autumn 1983, 4pp, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 740. - It is no fallacy that, up to a point, it serves a territorial government all too well in promoting its excessive “welfare” spending and even its military aggressions. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COBB, JOE, What to Do about Money? 1p, in REASON, March 1981, a review of: "The ??? - From a wrong premise he comes, nevertheless, to the right conclusion: "... give every citizen free choice as to the system he will use." - J.Z.

COBBETT, WILLIAM, A Year's Residence in the United States. London, 1820. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COBBETT, WILLIAM, Life of Andrew Jackson, President of the United States of America. New York, 1834. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COBBETT, WILLIAM, Paper Against Gold, Or, the Mystery of the Bank of England, of the debt, of the stocks, of the sinking fund, and of all the other tricks and contrivances, carried on by the means of paper money. (M.P.) First published in London, John Doyle, 1815. - 1828. New-York, published by John Doyle, 1834, 1846, 432 pp. - Written in prison, in Newgate, where he spent 2 years for a protest against the flogging of soldiers, after a minor mutiny against an injust deduction from their pay. He had previously written about corruption in the army, from his own experience in it and tried, in vain, to bring to offenders to court. - See the article in Encyclopaedia Britannica. - J.Z. - JZL. - http://books.google.com/books?id=KhhqXJogKNEC - Worth reading? Too many people believe that there exists a mystery when only they are mystified. - J.Z., 25.12.05. - I suppose that there is still more corruption and incompetence in the military sphere of governments than in others, because there it can be much easier hushed up. - Soldiers are under a separate body of laws and jurisdiction, much more severe on many points, than the laws and courts for civilians. By now much has been published on this difference. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

COBBETT, WILLIAM, Parliamentary History of England from the Earliest Times to the Year 1803. 36 vols. (London, 1806-1820), “… a few cases where it failed to report, or reported inadequately, a debate, and in these cases I have cited the Parliamentary Register.” - Fetter, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy 1797-1875.

COBBETT, WILLIAM, Rural Rides in the Counties of Surrey, Kent, Sussex. 2 vols. Everyman's Library. London, 1830. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. . - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COBBETT, WILLIAM, The Emigrant's Guide. London, 1830. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COBDEN, RICHARD, The American Diaries of Richard Cobden. Edited by Elizabeth H. Cawley. Princeton, N.J., 1952. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COCHRAN, JOHN P., Austrian Business Cycles, Plucking Models, and Real Business Cycles. - "Austrian Business Cycles, Plucking Models, and Real Business Cycles." - (2001). Working paper, Austrian Scholars Conference 7. Auburn, AL. - Online at the Mises Institute.

COCHRAN, JOHN P., Capital Based Macroeconomics: Boom and Bust in Japan and the U.S. - "Capital Based Macroeconomics: Boom and Bust in Japan and the U.S." - Indian Journal of Economics and Business, June 2004. By John P. Cochran, Noah Yetter, and Fred R. Glahe. - Online at the Mises Institute.

COCHRAN, JOHN P., Capital, Monetary Calculation, and the Trade Cycle. - Vol. 7 Num. 1 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

COCHRAN, JOHN P., Capital-Based Macroeconomics: Recent Developments and Extensions of Austrian Business Cycle Theory. - Vol. 4 Num. 3 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

COCHRAN, JOHN P., Central Banking in Theory and Practice. - Central Banking in Theory and Practice by Alan S. Blinder - John P. Cochran - Vol. 1 Num. 4 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

COCHRAN, JOHN P., Credit Creation or Financial Intermediation? - Vol. 2 Num. 3 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute. - Neither does any good - when undertaken by monopolistic and coercive government authorities. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

COCHRAN, JOHN P., Free Banking and Credit Creation: Implications for Business Cycle Theory. - Vol. 3 Num. 3 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute. - A whole mythology exists around the concepts of “money creation” and “credit creation”, which, like the creationists’ mythology regarding the “creation’ of this world, and of mankind, is not yet effectively enough refuted. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

COCHRAN, JOHN P., The Role of Fractional-Reserve Banking and Financial Intermediation in the Money Supply Process: Keynes and the Austrians. - - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Vol. 1, No. 3. Online at the Mises Institute.

COCHRAN, THOMAS C, & MILLER, WILLIAM, The Age of Enterprise: A Social History of Industrial America. Revised edition. New York, 1961. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

CODDINGTON, ALAN, Deficient Foresight: A Troublesome Theme in Keynesian Economics. 1982. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 72: 480-7. - Paul Davidson, The Economics of Ignorance or Ignorance of Economics. - Keynesians suffer from deficient hindsight or historical knowledge as well and their statistics as well as their decisions based upon them, do always limp behind the facts. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CODMAN, J. T., Brook Farm. Boston, 1894. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

COFFIN, JOSEPH, The Complete Book of Coin Collecting. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, New York, 1973, p. 108. - Brian Summers

COGHLAN, T. A., A Statistical Account of the Seven Colonies of Australasia. Sydney, 1898.

COGHLAN, T. A., Labour and Industry in Australia. (1918) Oxford: Oxford University Press. - Dowd

COHA, STEPHEN P., Credit Card Frauds." BANKERS MONTHLY (London), June 15, 1967. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

COHEN, BENJAMIN J., Electronic Money: New Day or False Dawn? Electronic Money: New Day or False Dawn? If it only represents government monopoly money than not enough is changed by this method. - J.Z., 22.5.10.

COHEN, HENRY, Proudhon's Solution of the Social Problem. Editor. New York, Vanguard Press, 1927. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State.

COHEN, MICHAEL, A Monetary System for the Free Society: The Need for Sound Money Now. 2009, Michael Cohen, Cornell University (Class of 2011), Mac255@cornell.edu - 914-330-7999, 54 Beechdale Road, Dobbs Ferry, New York 10522, 4617 Words, 12 pages, available from ATLAS INSTITUTE, only, essay contests.

COHN, ARTHUR WOLFGANG, Kann das Geld abgeschafft werden? Gustav Fisher, Jena 1920. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de  (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.) - Sollte es abgeschafft werden? - J.Z., 30.3.10. - Es steht jedem frei zu versuchen ohne Geld Emission oder Verrechnung auszukommen, wenn er das wirklich kann und kein Verbrecher mit Opfern ist. - J.Z., 2.5.10.

COHN, G., Zeitgeschäfte und Differenzgeschäfte. JAHRBÜCHER FÜR NATIONALÖKONOMIE UND STATISTIK von Bruno Hildebrand. VII. Band. - Kautsch, Jacob, Handbuch des Bank- und des Börsenwesens, 3 Auflage, 1912.

COHN, GUSTAV, The Science of Finance. Translated by T. B. Veblen for Univ. of Chicago, from the German, 1895, Taxation & Public Finance. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933.

COHRSSEN, H., Das beginnende Engagement der Wissenschaft - Für eine gesunde Geldordnung. FRAGEN DER FREIHEIT, Heft 162, Mai/Juni 1982, hrsg. vom Seminar für freiheitliche Ordnung, in Boll, S. 10-20. - „Zu den Bestrebungen in den USA um I. Fisher.“ - Suhr & Godschalk - Gesellians! They often camouflage themselves as advocates of freedom. But, apart from a very few exceptions, most of them were so far merely advocating another form of monetary despotism as a supposedly great improvement.

COIN COLLECTORS JOURNAL, New York, 1876-1883. - Carothers. - COIN COLLECTORS' JOURNAL, Volume 1, p 12, eulogizes Civil War tokens. - W.

COIN REPORT, A confidential Newsletter for Numismatists, Collectors and Investors. New York, N.Y., July 1975, vol. 1, No. 1, 6pp. - JZL. - Alas, the collectors do usually not examine or care about the soundness of the monetary theory and the monetary technique of the issue and reflux of banknotes. They “judge” monies largely by its appearance, just like many voters merely judge politicians by their “image”. - At the same time, all to many of the theoreticians and practical men in the monetary sphere have largely ignored the wealth of information accumulated and published by the collectors. I have seen e.g. no proper evaluation of the economic role that issuers of alternative monies have played in reducing money shortages and avoiding dependence upon inflated government currencies and their “value standards” - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COIN WORLD, Comprehensive Catalog & Encyclopedia of United States Coins, including PREFEDERAL COINAGE, PIONEER GOLD and PATTERNS. Includes all American coins - from Colonial and Early States coinage up to current issues of the United States Mint. Complete coverage of pattern pieces and pioneer issues. More than 800 actual-sized photographs. (Complete text on cover.) - Edited by David T. Alexander. World Almanac. An imprint of Pharos Books. A Scripps Howard Co., New York, 1990. Indexed, with bibliography, 456pp. - JZL.

COIN WORLD, Sidney, Ohio, U.S.A., 1979 (20. Jahrg.) - Albert Pick

COINAGE LAWS OF THE U. S., 1792-1894. Washington, D. C, 1894. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

COLBERT, Outline of a System of a National Currency and a Substitute for a Bank of the United Stales. New York, 1834. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

COLBOURNE, MAURICE, Economic Nationalism. 1933. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - A national economy is not economic but, rather, anti-economic or neo-comic, as Dr. H. G. Pearce used to state. - J.Z., 30.3.10. The same applies, mostly, to “national currencies”. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COLE, A. C. The Whig Party in the South. Washington, 1913. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

COLE, ARTHUR CHARLES, The Constitutional Debates of 1847. (ed.) Springfield: Illinois State Historical Library, 1919. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

COLE, ARTHUR CHARLES, The Era of the Civil War, 1848-1870. Springfield: Illinois Centennial Commission, 1919. - Rockoff (1975).

COLE, ARTHUR HARRISON, Wholesale Commodity Prices in the United States, 1700-1861. 2 vols., Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1938. - Temin. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

COLE, G. D. H. & COLE, MARGARET, The Intelligent Man's Review of Europe Today.

COLE, G. D. H. & MELLOR, W.,The Meaning of Industrial Freedom. London: George Allen and Unwin, Ltd., 1918. - www.reinventingmoney.com

COLE, G. D. H. & POSTGATE, R. S., War Debts and Reparations. (pamphlet: NEW STATESMAN). - G. D. H. Cole. - R. S. or S. R. Postgate? - J.Z.

COLE, G. D. H., A Guide Through World Chaos.

COLE, G. D. H., Economic Tracts for the Times. - G. D. H. Cole, under: “The Socialisation Of Banking.” . - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics. The nationalization of note issues was anything but a “social” act. It did not promote free, just, economic and voluntary relationships. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COLE, G. D. H., Gold, Credit and Employment.

COLE, G. D. H., Intelligent Man's Guide through World Chaos. - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

COLE, G. D. H., Money, its Present and Future. London, 1944. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy. - Just one statist referring to another? - J.Z.

COLE, G. D. H., Money, Trade and Investment. - HANSON, J. L. - Fb?

COLE, G. D. H., Persons and Periods. Pelican Books. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England, 1945. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COLE, G. D. H., Principles of Economic Planning. 1935, by Macmillan and Company, Ltd. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Free Actions can’t be planned or predicted, least of all by a centralized planning office, monopolizing and enforcing actions. - J.Z., 29.3.10. - As if central planning and direction were not anti-economic and an immoral action towards the lives of others. - J.Z., 30.3.10. - Free and rightful actions are not centrally planned and enforced actions. - J.Z., 25.5.10. - One might as well speak of and write about the “principles” of authoritarianism, intolerance, despotism and totalitarianism. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COLE, G. D. H., Saving and Spending. A pamphlet published by the NEW STATESMAN.

COLE, G. D. H., The Next Ten Years in British Social and Economic Policy. - G. D. H. Cole, under: “The Socialisation of Banking.” - It was and is neither a genuinely social nor economic policy. Whenever people are not clear about the past and the present then they cannot well enough, far less accurately, predict the future. - J.Z.

COLE, G. D. H., What Everybody Wants to Know About Money. A Planned Outline of Monetary Problems, by Nine Economists from Oxford: COLIN CLARK, G. D. H. COLE, E. F. M. DURBIN, H. T. N. GAITSKELL, E. L. HARGREAVES, R. F. HARROD, G. R. MITCHISON, E. A. RADICE, AYLMER VALLANCE. Planned and edited by G. D. Cole, London, Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1933. With a short book list, indexed, 544. - Alas, all too few people do, quite seriously, wish to acquire a genuine knowledge about all kinds of monies. - J.Z., 30.3.10. - I know only some of the writings of Colin Clark and appreciated them. Otherwise, only the sections on Gesell and Douglas might be of some interest. One work by Hayek is mentioned. Legal Tender, Free Banking & Real Bills Doctrine are not in the index. Thus I was not tempted to read it. - J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL.

COLE, ROBERT H. & HANCOCK, ROBERT S., Consumer and Commercial Credit Management. Rev. ed., Homewood: Irwin, 1964. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

COLE, ROBERT, Financing Retail Credit Sales Through Charge Account Bank Plans. BUSINESS MANAGEMENT SURVEY No. 5. University of Illinois, Bureau of Business Management, 1955. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - Compare the system of Australian Consumer Credits granted in form of “shop currencies”. They were invented by an accountant in Goulburn, NSW and after a few years very widely applied in Australia. From one moment to the other, if the prohibitions can be safely enough ignored, they could be turned into alternative means of payment to pay wages and salaries with. - They greatly reduced the accounting labors that are involved in consumer credits. - I found no monography on this subject but made only some notes regarding my own enquiries and collected some samples of them. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

COLE, The Payment of Wages. - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics. - I doubt very much that Cole considered free banking and monetary freedom for this purpose, i.e., free choice in exchange media & value standards. - J.Z., 4.4.10. - Without a competitive supply of sound exchange media for the payment of wages and salaries potential employers cannot bid for all able and willing labor and too many people remain involuntarily unemployed or under-employed or have to be dismissed. Without it consumers will also not be sufficiently supplied with sound purchasing power to buy all the goods and services offered. The artificially and legally created means of payment and value standard problem is all too often ignored by simply assuming that the government and its central bank have already solved it or that it would and could be solved under any exclusive currency, like e.g. a gold- or silver-coin currency. - Trade unionists, too, largely ignore the means of payment and the value standard problem. The more a currency is inflated, the more they seem to be needed in the struggle for wage adjustments. A quite free economy, including the abolition of the employer-employee relationship (a kind of organized antagonism! - H. Dubreuil.), would make them superfluous. It is thus no surprise that they are, mostly, opposed to economic freedom, including genuine liberation at the work place, just like religious groups, churches and preachers are opposed to atheism. - At least by now we are being offered, probably, more atheist, libertarian and anarchist titles that ever before. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COLEBATCH, HAL, Australian Credit as Viewed from London. ECONOMIC RECORD, Vol. III, Nov. 1927, pp.217-27. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - As if there were only one economic point of view in London, instead of the usual diversity of them. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COLEMAN, CHARLES H., Three Vallandigham Letters, 1865. (ed.) OHIO ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL PUBLICATIONS 43 (1934): 461-64. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

COLEMAN, D. C., Labour in the English Economy of the Seventeenth Century. ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, 2nd Series, VIII (1956). - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

COLEMAN, KENNETH, The Misdirection Conspiracy. Seraphim Press, 1982. - Dr. James L. Green, Investments and Sound Money, in MM, undated. - We need more causal and less personal thinking! - J.Z., 5.4.10. - Secrecy, false fronts and misdirection may be considered as triplets. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COLEMAN, PETER J., The Transformation of Rhode Island 1790-1860. (Providence, Rhode Island, 1963). - Remini. - According to some reports it had the highest numbers of note-issuing banks: Up to one for 2000 of the population. I am still looking for more details on this. Naturally, the first banks of issue made many mistakes. Many mistakes are still made in today’s monetary experiments - in spite of the numerous warnings that monetary history supplies. Genuine history and economics are still not popular subjects, far less monetary history. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM: Je m’accuse!” or Unraveling Collective Financial Responsibility. - (City University of New York) - Peter L. P. Simpson 3/6/2009 Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute. - Who is by now quite emancipated, at least in his own mind, regarding full monetary and financial freedom? - Who is, at least mentally, quite prepared for a monetary and financial freedom revolution? Should we no blame ourselves, also, for this lack of self-education? - J.Z., 12.5.10.

COLLIER, CHRISTOPHER, Roger Sherman's Connecticut. “The best, most comprehensive biography of Roger Sherman in print. Deals with Sherman the politician, revolutionary, and moral philosopher, as well as economic scientist. Maps, portraits.” Wesleyan University Press, Middletown, Connecticut, 1971. - Roger Sherman, A Caveat against Injustice, 1982 reprint.

COLLIER, WILLIAM R., Essay on the Currency; in which is Proposed the Enactment by Congress of a General Bank Law. Boston, 1834. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - The belief in lawful laws, even if they are merely more legislation, has led to a lot of lawlessness and illegal actions. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

COLLINS, CHARLES M., The History, Law and Practice of Banking. 1882, 384pp. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

COLLINS, M., Discussants' comments' on chapter 11 of the present volume. (1991) in F. Capie and G. E. Wood (eds) Unregulated Banking, London: Macmillan. - Dowd

COLT, C. C. & N. S. KEITH, A History of the Banking Crisis. New York: Greenberg Publisher, Inc., 1933. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

COLTON, CALIVIN, The Currency. JUNIUS TRACTS, no. 2, New York, 1843. [Colton, Calvin.] - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

COLTON, CALVIN, The Rights of Labor. 3d ed. New York, 1847. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COLWELL, STEPHEN, The Ways and Means of Payment, a Full Analysis of the Credit System. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1859, 2d ed., Philadelphia, 1860. - Redlich - Kelley reprint 1965, 644pp. - I noted in it a few pages that are worth reading, on RBD, no need for metallic redemption, reflux, tax foundation and debt foundation. Excellent on clearing. 10pp of contents listing.- J.Z. - JZL. - Cowen & Kroszner.

COLYAR, HENRY A., De, A Treatise on the Law of Guarantees and of Principal and Surety. Third Edition. 1897. Butterworth, London. - Guaranties? - J.Z.

COMAN, K., The Industrial History of the United States. New York, 1910. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

COMAN, V.: Katalog der rumänischen Banknoten. Münster 1967. - Albert Pick. - The regrettable conclusion from all such surveys is that the same monetary mistakes are made again and again. People, even the experts, especially territorial governments, learn all too little from history, especially as long as experimental freedom in the social sciences and all their applications among volunteers is still not a common practice. - Classical instance: Israel. Even it has produced its own mass murder devices, not only copied “central banking” and its inherent malpractices. - See: www.panarchy.org - A man like Dr. Walter Zander could not get a hearing there, either, for monetary freedom views. - That might have been one motive for him to turn, in his later life, to religion. - How popular would any religion still be after monetary and financial freedom have been fully applied for a few years to decades? - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COMMAGER, HENRY STEELE, Documents of American History. ed. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1949. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

COMMAGER, HENRY, William Jennings Bryan, 1860-1925." In: There Were Giants in the Land. Introduction by Henry Morgenthau, Jr. New York and Toronto: Farrar & Rinehart, 1942. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL CHRONICLE, New York, 1865 - Carothers

COMMERCIAL BANK OF SCOTLAND LTD., Our Bank. Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd. First edn., 1941; 2second edn., 1946. - James Douglas

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, Community Public Finance: the European Budget after the 1988 Reform. (1989a) Brussels: Office of Official Publications of the European Communities. - Dowd

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, Report from the Commission to the Council and Parliament on the Financing of the Community Budget, COM (87) 101, and corrigendum. (1987) Brussels: Office of Official Publications of the European Communities. - Dowd

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, The European Community Budget. (1989b) Brussels: Office of Official Publications of the European Communities. - Dowd

COMMISSION ON INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE, Report on the Introduction of the Gold Exchange Standard into China and Other Silver-Using Countries. 2 vols. Washington, 1903-04.

COMMISSION ON MONEY AND CREDIT, Impacts of Monetary Policy. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1963. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

COMMISSION ON MONEY AND CREDIT, REPORT ON MONEY AND CREDIT, Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1961, p.85. - Klebaner

COMMISSION ON THE ROLE OF GOLD IN THE DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEMS. Report to Congress. 2 vols. 1982. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

COMMITTEE FOR MONETARY RESEARCH AND EDUCATION, P.O. Box 1630, Greenwich, Connecticut 06836. - It has published, between 1973 and 1979, at least 27 monetary tracts, mostly against inflation and for the gold standard. Only a few of these take a general stand for monetary freedom: freedom to issue exchange media, select any standard of value for one's dealings and to clear one's debts in the technically best form. A few of these tracts are mentioned under their authors. Its work might still be continued today. - J.Z.

COMMITTEE FOR REFERENDUM 41, on money system review, 1987, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 791. - Rather than just one more government review, more private studies are needed or referendum options which directly re-establish the monetary rights of the people and individual and voluntary associations. - All monetary and financial rights and liberties are important enough to become included in all constitutions and human rights declarations. That might also the best way to popularized them. - J.Z., 28.6.10. - See the compilation of over 130 private human rights drafts in PEACE PLANS 589/590, offered by me digitized and zipped, until it is offered online or on a CD. - The spheres in which a referendum can be rightful and useful should be clearly separated from those spheres, in which they would be wrongful and harmful. Alas, too many do not make this distinction as yet. Even some of the prominent libertarians. - Referendum practised in territorial States are also to be distinguished from those that would take place in panarchies of volunteers only. - J.Z., 10.6.10.

COMMITTEE OF COUNTRY BANKERS, 1828 (BSP 1833c), memorialized the government "that no special privilege or monopoly be granted or continued to the Governor and Company of the Bank of England: but that they may be placed on a perfect equality with the country bankers ..." -White, p.65.

COMMITTEE OF NEW JERSEY STATE BANK OFFICERS, A., An Appeal to the Congress of the United States on the Subject of Bank Tax and Bank Currency. Trenton, N. J.: "True American" Office, 1864. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

COMMITTEE ON CURRENCY AND FOREIGN EXCHANGES AFTER THE WAR, First Interim Report (Cmd. 9182), 1918. H.M. Stationery Office. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

COMMITTEE ON FINANCE AND INDUSTRY, GREAT BRITAIN, Minutes of Evidence. London: H. M. Stationery Office, 1931. - SMITH, VERA C.

COMMITTEE ON FINANCE AND INDUSTRY, GREAT BRITAIN, Report. (Cmd. 3897), 1931. H.M. Stationery Office. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Report, 1931; Cmd. [Macmillan Committee] - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics. - London: H. M. Stationery Office, 1931. - SMITH, VERA C.

COMMITTEE ON MONEY AND BANKING, Money and Banking. A collaborative writing group of money and banking professors, Pitman Publishing Corporation, New York, Toronto, London, 1957, indexed, 588pp., with a long contents list and list of the about 60 co-authors, none of them known to me as monetary freedom writers, and no common bibliography. The index contains just one reference to legal tender, on p.15, nothing on free banking, Real Bills Doctrine or tax foundation. - It describes “the” banking principle on p.77: “It holds, in effect, that no banker can over-issue his notes for the reason that excessive and redundant notes will return promptly to the bank for redemption in specie.” Then it proceeds to criticize even that kind of very limited “free” banking as not working in practice. - Professors! Here 5 dozen of them offered their “wisdom” and “scholarship” on the subject. - And we are forced to pay the salaries of such people and to suffer from the official application of their errors and prejudices and those of their pupils! - J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL.

COMMITTEE ON THE CURRENCY AND BANK OF ENGLAND NOTE ISSUES, Report. 1925; Cmd. 2393. - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics.

COMMITTEE ON THE CURRENCY AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE, Report, 1918 & 1919. Cmd. 9182 and 464. - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics. - If such committee could or would do any good, we would have free banking now. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

COMMITTEE ON THE WORKING OF THE MONETARY SYSTEM, Report. Presented to Parliament by the Chancellor of the Exchequer by Command of Her Majesty, August 1959, London, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, reprinted 1964, indexed, 675pp. - Typically “legal tender” and the issue monopoly for banknotes are not mentioned in the index. - Monetary despotism seems to be taken for granted. - J.Z., 3.4.10. - JZL.

COMMITTEE TO ABOLISH THE FED, 2 pp leaflet on its Mises Institute conference, Sep. 86, in PEACE PLANS 814. - I would like to obtain all the papers of this conference. - Perhaps, by now, they are already online at the Mises Institute, which does offer many digitized texts, too, apart from printed ones. - J.Z., 12.2.10.

COMMITTEE TO RESTORE THE CONSTITUTION, BULLETIN, 9/86, in PEACE PLANS 739.

COMMODITY RESEARCH BUREAU, Commodity Yearbook. (Editors) Commodity Research Bureau, Inc., New York. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

COMMODITY TECHNICAL TRADING CO., Move into Gold. 1p adv., 187, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 738. - Some dancers, covered for their performance in gold paint, died from it, since we need to breathe, partly, through our skins! Free choice of value standards is a more moral position. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

COMMONS, C. R., Documentary History of American Industrial Society. Cleveland, 1910, 7 Vols. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

COMMONS, C. R., History of Labor in the United States. New York, 1918, 2 Vols. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

COMMONS, J. R., and others, Secular Trends and Business Cycles. A Classification of Theories." REVIEW OF ECONOMIC STATISTICS (October, 1922), Prelim, vol. iv, 244-263. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

COMMONS, JOHN R. et al., Documentary History of American Industrial Society. eds. New York: Russell and Russell, 1958. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

COMMONWEALTH BANK OF AUSTRALIA, Commonwealth Bank of Australia in the Second World War. Sydney, 1947. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - Alas, central banks have become part of the war machinery of all territorial governments. - J.Z., 26.6.10. - One might even describe them as one of the main “motors” of such governments. - Taxation is another. The compulsory sale of “investments” in tax slaves is still another. The main one is: Compulsory membership in or subordination to them. - Individual secessionism, combined with exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, in combination with the development and publication of a declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties and the establishment of an ideal militia to uphold them wherever and whenever they are suppressed against the will of the victims, could and would, finally, short-circuit all territorial governments and reduce them to voluntary associations of their still remaining statists. - But the complex of radical ideas involved is still confronted by tens of thousands of popular errors, myths, prejudices, wrong assumptions and conclusions as well as numerous misunderstandings. Only an encyclopedic approach could hope to cope with them all. Even then, it might have to resort to electronid “argument mapping” rather than the usual sequencing in written debates or electronic discussion groups and blogs. - By all means, if you can, do provide a good enough electronic databank or two: One on free banking (like Klaus Falke aims at) and one on panarchy and panarchism. - Other obstacles are listed in my New Draft book of Jan. of this year, which will, hopefully, appear on the Butterbach.net. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

COMMONWEALTLH BANK, The International Monetary Fund, and The International Band for Reconstruction and Development. A memorandum published by the Commonwealth Bank, April 1950. - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952.

COMMUNITY EXCHANGE SYSTEM: Community Exchange System. South African New Economics Network (SANE). A web-based currency exchange platform and network. http://www.ces.org.za/index.asp - I believe in private and cooperative payment communities, local currencies, tax foundation money issued for rate payments etc., but the terms “community currencies” and “community exchange system” may be as much abused as the terms used in connection with the “national currencies”, which are usually monopolistic and coercive as well as collectivistic, i.e. not part and parcel of full monetary freedom. - The fact that such a system is run electronically is also not necessarily a recommendation or guaranty for its soundness. Some electronic system still promise metallic redemption! As if that were required to give an account or an exchange medium a gold weight value. - Paper is patient and so are websites and blogs. - The private money manipulators, just like the governmental ones, play all too much with mere words to cover up basic flaws of their sytems. At least 90 %, if not 99 % of all such proposed and partly practised systems are unsound, I believe, and only among people not yet monetarily emancipated can they operate for a while, still finding new victims. - J.Z., 25.7.07.

COMMUNITY INFORMATION RESOURCE CENTER (CIRC), P O Box 42663 Tucson AZ 85733 USA. http://www.azstarnet.com/~circ/index.htm . E-Mail circ@azstarnet.com. CIRC is a non-profit organization which seeks to promote community health and positive change by supporting the emergence of mutual support structures, participatory democracy, local self-reliance, appropriate technology, sustainable living, and micro-enterprise. CIRC is a network hub, and information source, and a support organization. It provides organizing assistance, administrative support, instruction, access to computer and telecommunications technologies, opinion and market surveys, interdisciplinary research, and data analysis. Besides its regional activities, CIRC networks nationally and globally with groups concerned with intentional community, community economics, appropriate technology, right-livelihood, and sustainable living.

COMPETITION AND CURRENCY. Essays on Free Banking and Money. New York and London. New York University Press. 1989. - Nataf

COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY OF THE UNITED STATES, ANNUAL REPORT 1884. p.49. - Klebaner. - 1907, p.79. - ANNUAL REPORTS, 1934 to date. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - Sennholz refers e.g. to the 1895 Report, vol.I, p. 20.

CONAN, A. R., The Sterling Area. London, 1952. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

CONANT, CHARLES ARTHUR, A History of Modern Banks of Issue, 1896, 1902, 1905, 4.th ed., 1909. - 1915: 5th ed. New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1927, sixth edition with two new chapters bringing the record of Banks of issue down to 1926, by Marcus Nadler. (Up to 1926? - J.Z.). Kelley reprint it in 1969. Indexed, with 7pp list of authorities consulted: 842pp. Microfiched in PEACE PLANS. - JZL. - Referred to by: - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. (A comprehensive history of banking in every major country in the world, with an interpretation of economic crises in terms of monetary mismanagement, LFB sales price was $ 17.50. - Describes largely only the central banks in the 1890's. Laissez Faire Books called it "an interpretation of economic crises in terms of monetary mismanagement.” I have so far, by skimming, seen nothing constructive on monetary freedom in it. However, I intended to microfilm it as a materials collection. - J.Z.)

CONANT, CHARLES ARTHUR, Banking upon Business Assets. SOUND CURRENCY, 4 (23), December 1897. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - The only kind of “business assets” that can be safely monetized, as part of a clearing process, are real commercial bills, or their equivalent turnover credit certificates or accounts and the ready-for-sale goods and services supplied by shops and their associations, associations of professionals and tradesmen and of utilities, supplying e.g. transport, communication, electricity, gas, water and sewage services. They can anticipate the payment for what they do have to offer immediately and in the near future, and thus make themselves and their customers more able to pay than they were before, at least in the average. Even when the government fails almost completely or all too much to supply them with enough and sound enough means of payment or clearing facilities. - But the spleen of capital asset currencies is still spooking in all too many heads. - Even if they confine their notions of it to gold coins, gold bullion and foreign exchange paper money as “reserves” and redemption funds. - J.Z., 12.2.10.

CONANT, CHARLES ARTHUR, The Banking System of Mexico. 1910, U.S. National Monetary Commission, 61st Congress, 2nd. Session, Senate doc. no. 493, Washington, GPO. - Schuler

CONANT, CHARLES ARTHUR, The Plans for Currency Reform. in BANKER’S MAGAZINE LXXIIII (1907). - Redlich

CONANT, CHARLES ARTHUR, The Principles of Money and Banking. 2 vols. New York, 1905, 1909, by Harper and Brothers. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - http://books.google.com/books?id=iq9xodAfQ2oC - http://books.google.com/books?id=6SaefW33iHQC 

CONANT, CHARLES ARTHUR, Wall Street and the Country. - G. P. Putnam's sons, 1904, 247 pp. - http://books.google.com/books?id=MzB-M_ZYSpAC

CONANT, MICHAEL, The Constitution and Capitalism. St. Paul, Minn., West Publishing Co., 1974. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CONERLY, WILLIAM B., A College Fund on the Social Security Model. - “A College Fund on the Social Security Model” by William B. Conerly FEE Timely Classic, referred to in FEE IN BRIEF, 16.3.10. - One failure to be taken as the model for another institution? - J.Z., 1.5.10.

CONFERENCE BOARD ECONOMIC FORUM, Inflation in the United States:'Causes and Consequence. New York, 1974. - ("General View of Inflation," by A. Greenspan; - "Inflation and Monetary Policy," by J. O'Leary, - "Fiscal Policies and Inflation," by M. Weidenbaum - "Wage and Price Policies," by A. Rees; "Inflation and Free Enterprise," by C. J. Grayson, Jr.) - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CONFERENCE ON UNEMPLOYMENT, Recent Economic Changes in the United States. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1929), vol. II, p.690. - Klebaner

CONGDON, JAMES B., A Letter to His Excellency, John Henry Clifford, etc. Boston, 1853. [Congdon, James B.] - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CONGDON, JAMES B., Defence of the Currency of Massachusetts. Boston, 1856. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Any value standard, like other measures, the meter, the liter, the kilogram, does not need a “defence” by the State but just the absence of statist interferences with it. “Free choice of value standards” should be seen as one of our primary values. Territorial States are the worst possible defenders of this as well as any other genuine individual right or liberty. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

CONGDON, TIM, Is the Provision of a Sound Currency a Necessary Function of the State? NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK QUARTERLY REVIEW, 1981. August: 2-21. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

CONGDON, TIM, The First Principles of Central Banking. THE BANKER, April 1981. - Do they deserve the term “principles”? Do they express moral and rational ideas and opinions? - J.Z., 13.4.10. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

CONGRESS: House Report no.169. 73d Cong., 1st sess. The report is reprinted in the Federal Reserve Bulletin 19 (June 1933): 335-38; the quotation is on p.335. - "Mr. REED. ... I think it is much more important to consider this question from the standpoint of national honesty and national honor than it is to split hairs on constitutional construction, and the letter of that charter of our liberties to which we so often refer, and so seldom follow" - (see the Congressional Record, 4894); "Mr. REED. ... We took $500,000,000 of money from the people of the United States on April 23 in the reliance on their part upon our promise to pay in gold coin of the present standard of value. Never did any confidence man or trickster pull off a more dishonorable performance than that, if it was then in mind that we were to repudiate the outstanding promises of the United States to pay in gold or its equivalent." (see the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, 4896). - - On the other hand: "Mr. FLETCHER. ... We are not depriving anybody of any property or of any value or of any rights they now have, except that we are not proposing to pay in gold absolutely the obligations, but we are giving what is equal to gold, what is as good as gold, and no one can claim that he has lost anything by this kind of transfer" (see the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, 4890); - "Mr. FLETCHER. ... As a matter of fact, there is no repudiation at all here. There may be technically a repudiation of the obligation to pay in gold; but if we pay in something that is worth just as much, that is just as valuable for every purpose that money can be used for as gold, we have not repudiated anything. Nobody has lost anything. We are actually paying today in dollars a dollar and a half for what we promised to pay a dollar for when our bonds were issued." (see the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, 4892). HOUSE REPORT no. 169 (see the quotation in the FEDERAL RESERVE BULLETIN 19 [June 1933]: 336). - Gerald O'Driscoll has pointed out that this is an accepted distinction at common law. Although some contracts might be unenforceable for public policy reasons, it is not clear that any contract (absent conspiracy) is illegal at common law. An intriguing question is whether reputational forces were ever strong enough to make voluntary adherence to gold clause agreements optimal for creditors. - Steven L. Green, July 86. - Justice through “the law” and governmental “courts of justice”? - J.Z., 3.3.10.

CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE, Reforming Federal Deposit Insurance. (1990) Washington, D.C.: Congressional Budget Office. - Dowd

CONNECTICUT BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Third Annual Report for Year Ending November 30,1887. (Hartford, 1887) p.225. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CONNECTICUT, PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE STATE, (Hartford, 1894) Vol. 1, p. 62. Ibid., p. 366. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CONNOLLY, M. B., The International Monetary System: Choices for the Future. (ed.) Praeger. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

CONNOLLY, MICHAEL, The Monetary Approach to an Open Economy: The Fundamental Theory. 1978, pp. 6-18 in: Putnam, Bluford H. & Wilford, O. Sykes (eds), The Monetary Approach t International Adnjustment. Praeger, New York. - Peter Bernholz.

CONQUEST, R., Industrial Workers in the USSR. New York, Praeger, 1967. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

CONRADSCHE JAHRBÜCHER, Bd. 27 (1904). S. 454ff. - Obst.

CONS, HENRI, Précis d'Histoire du Commerce. 2 vols. Paris and Nancy, 1896.

CONSTITUTION, U.S., The following excerpts from the U.S. Constitution are cited in Dunne, Monetary Decisions, 10: "The Congress shall have Power... To Coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin ..." (art. I, sec.8, cl. 5); and "No State shall... coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts ...” (art. I, sec. 10, cl. 1). - Steven L. Green, July 86. In practice, Congress has largely ignored or misinterpreted or misunderstood the U.S. Constitution, at least in this sphere and ignored all the critics which pointed this out. Nor did the U.S. Supreme Court do any better in this sphere. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

CONTRASTE, Monatszeitung für Selbstverwaltung, Postfach 10 45 20, 69035 Heidelberg. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de  (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

CONSUMER CREDIT IN THE 70’s, An Overview. Symposium, THE BUSINESS LAWYER, Vol. 26, Jan. 1971, p.753. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

CONVIVIAL MONEY, sample copy, No. 2, Dec. 1987, The Forum of the Action Linkage Local Economics Task Group, ed. by Mark Kinney, 6pp, in PEACE PLANS 793. - Only copy in my possession so far. Not that I really want any more of it! - J.Z.

COOK, JOHN C., How to End Inflation. 6pp, n.d., self-published by John C. Cook, Box Bush House, Henton, near Wells, Somerset & printed at Sts. Andrew’s Press, 43 North Road, Wells, Somerset. - Pamphlet, U.K., after 1958, 2pp, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 740. - „it is up to you and I to ensure that the precious metal content is restored to the coinage of the Realm. That is how to end inflation. And that is the only way.” - The only way that the author is aware of. No hint to competitive note issue, free market rating of notes against sound and self-chosen value standards. - J.Z., 9.4.10. - JZL.

COOK, JOHN, Considerations on Banking and Joint Stock Banks, in Connection with Trade. London. R. S. Kirby. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

COOK, STANLEY A., The Laws of Moses and the Code of Hammurabi. A. & C. Black, London, 1903. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934.

COOKE, THORNTON, The Collapse of Bank-Deposit Guaranty in Oklahoma and Its Position in Other States. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 38 (November 1923): 108-39. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski.

COOKE, THORNTON, The Insurance of Bank Deposits in the West. In PUBLICATIONS OF NATIONAL MONETARY COMMISSION, vol. 7, pp. 251-352. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1911. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski.

COOLE, ARTHUR BRADDAN, Coins in China's History. 4th ed. Mission, Kansas: Inter-Collegiate Press, Inc., 1965. - DOTY (1978).

COOLEY, MARVIN L., The Big Bluff - Tax Tyranny in the Guise of Law. Mesa, Arizona, 1972. - Leslie Snyder, Justice or Revolution. - One could say the same about monetary despotism. I believe that L. S. favors monetary freedom but do not know at all whether M. L. C. does. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

COOLEY, OSCAR W., Freedom and the Gold Standard. in RAMPART JOURNAL OF INDIVIDUALIST THOUGHT, Pine Tree Press, Fall 1966, pp. 33-38. JZL. - Rampart Journal - Fall 1966 - Online at the Mises Institute. That issues also reproduces: P. E. de Puydt: Panarchy.

COOLEY, OSCAR W., Inflation Fighters Bark Up The Wrong Tree. - THE FREEMAN, June 79, pp.334-336. - “Never is the relation of the money supply to inflation acknowledge by a Washington bureaucrat, seldom by a journalist, and only occasionally - sad to say - by an economist.” - His concluding remark. Alas, at least here he did not sufficiently stress that the 2 preconditions for it are 1.) A note issue monopoly and 2.) legal tender power for its notes, i.e., a forced and exclusive currency. - J.Z., 9.6.10.

COOLEY, OSCAR W., Noble Prize Winner Would Privatize Money. COLORADO SPRINGS GAZETTE TELEGRAPH, April 26, 1978, p.7 - B. (Excellent summary, according to J. J. Martin.)

COOLEY, OSCAR W., Private Money = Economic Stability. in "THE STANDARD", Feb. 1963.

COOLEY, T. F. & LEROY, S.G., Identification and Estimation of Money Demand. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 71, 825-844. - Selgin. - Under monetary freedom the published free market rating of competing currencies, measured against sound value standards, freely chosen, would identify the demand like any other free pricing in a free market. - J.Z., 11.6.10.

COOLEY, THOMAS M., State Bank Issues in Michigan: A Retrospect of Legislation. PUBLICATIONS OF THE MICHIGAN POLITICAL SCIENCE ASSOCIATION, No. 1 (May, 1893), pp. 4-23. - Rockoff (1975).

COOLEY, THOMAS MCINTYRE, Michigan, A History of Governments. Boston: Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1885, 1888. - Rockoff (1975). (MCLNTYRE - Is, I suppose, a typo or scanning mistake. - J.Z.)

COOMBS, H. C., The Development of the Commonwealth Bank as a Central Bank. M.A. thesis, University of Western Australia, 1931 (Reserve Bank Archives). - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - Despotic legislation does hardly amount to “development”. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

COOPER, J. PHILLIP, & FISCHER, STANLEY, Simulations of Monetary Rules in the FRB-MIT-Penn Model. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 4 (May 1972): 384-396. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, Autobiography of a Pocket-Handkerchief. Evanston, Ill., 1897. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. - Was J. F. C. to any extent an advocate of monetary freedom? - J.Z., 24.4.10. - The numerous writings on the Jacksonian Period may have explored other aspects much more than its monetary freedom aspects. I certainly cannot read and judge them all by myself. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, Correspondence of James Fenimore Cooper. Edited by James Fenimore Cooper, grandson. 2 vols. New Haven, 1922. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, Home as Found. Vol. xiv of Mohawk edition. New York, 1896. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. - Relevant to monetary freedom research? - J.Z.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, Homeward Bound. Vol. XII of Mohawk edition. New York, 1896. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, New York. Edited by Dixon Ryan Fox. New York, 1930. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, Notions of the Americans. Vol. 1, London, 1828; Vol. 11, Philadelphia, 1836. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, The American Democrat. New York, 1931. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, The Crater. Vol. xv of The Works of James Fenimore Cooper. Mohawk edition. New York, 1896. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, The Monikins. Vol. xxxi of Mohawk edition. New York, 1896. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. - Mohicans? - Or are there 3 such tribes among the hundreds or tribes of Red Indians? - I often wished they would strive for their monetary and financial freedom options as much as they strive for their hunting, fishing and casino options. - J.Z., 26.3.10. They and other racial and ethnic minorities might even have a better chance, NOW, to get these economic liberties for themselves than the supposedly dominant “whites”, who are, rather, dominated by their kinds of popular errors and prejudices. - J.Z., 26.3.10. To the extent that they believe monetary freedom would be harmful, even the remaining racists among the “Whites” would hardly oppose monetary freedom among e.g. Red Indians. - Others would be very sympathetic towards such self-help attempts. - J.Z., 10.6.10.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, The Prairie. Introduction by Henry Nash Smith. Rinehart editions. New York, 1953. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, The Redskins. Vol. XXV of Mohawk edition. New York, 1896. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE, The Ways of the Hour. Vol. xxiv of Mohawk edition. New York, 1896. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. (If his books do contain any monetary freedom passages, please, do point them out to me! - J.Z., 10.7.10.)

COOPER, KERRY & FRASER, DONALD R., Banking Deregulation and the New Competition in Financial Services. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger Publishing, 1986, chs. 5 and 6. - Stephen Horwitz, Keynes Special Theory. - Was there ever enough deregulation and competition in this sphere, in a sound and business-like way? - J.Z., 26.3.10.

COOPER, RICHARD N., European Monetary Unification and Integration of the World Economy." Krause, Lawrence B., and Salant, Walter S., editors. European Monetary Unification and Its Meaning for the United States. Washington, D.C., 1973. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

COOPER, THOMAS, A Manual of Political Economy. Washington, 1834. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - We had so many manuals and so much advice and most economies are still in a mess. One of the basic causes is that territorial States largely suppressed experimental freedom in the economic, social and political system spheres. Thus dogmas, faithful actions and rituals prevailed, as they do in religions because there various imagined “heavens” and “hells” cannot be experimented with, either. - Nor is the effectiveness of their legalized and imposed “rituals” and prayers sufficiently subjected to sound statistics. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COOPER, THOMAS, Lectures on the Elements of Political Economy. Columbia, South Carolina, 1826. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - 2nd edition, 1830, Kelly reprint, 1971, 366pp, indexed. On “real bills” 151ff. Against money monopoly: 163. - JZL.

COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM, www.cooperativeindividualism.org

COOPERATIVES, The Big Idea: Vision for an Economy Based on Co-operatives

COOPS, Report of the Inquiry on Cooperative Enterprise in Europe, 1937 by Jacob Baker, Leland Olds, Charles E. Stuart, Robin Hood, Clifford V. Gregory, Emily Cauthorn Bates - Questia Library

COOVER, A. B., Ohio Banking Institutions, 1803-1866." OHIO ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL QUARTERLY, XXI (April-July, 1912), 296-320. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

COPE, S. R., The Goldsmiths and the Development of the London Money Market during the Napoleonic Wars. ECONOMICA (1942). - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

COPELAND, M. A., A Study of Money Flows in the United States. New York 1952. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

COPLAND D. B. & JAMES, Cross Currents in Australian Finance. - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952. - The worst money or “currency” is legally forced into and kept in circulation. Legalized robbery of all citizens is still the common official ”financial” practice. Compulsory acceptance and a forced value for monopoly money can hardly found a sound currency. Do such wrongful practices deserve the name of a “current”? If so, then money also “flows” into the hands of private robbers. - The authors should have added to their title: “… under monetary and financial despotism.” - J.Z.J.Z., 27.3.10. - COPLAND, D. B., & JANES, C. V., Cross Currents of Australian Finance, Sydney, 1936. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

COPLAND, D. B. & Wood, G. L., Australia and the Gold Standard. Melbourne, 1931. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW. All Australians do not have to be on any of the gold standards or on any particular other value standard. Free choice among all the value standards is also one of the basic and genuine individual human rights, although all of the official governmental bills of rights and most of the private human rights declarations omit to state this right. - J.Z., 26.3.10.

COPLAND, D. B., Australia in the World Crisis, 1929-1933. Cambridge, 1934. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

COPLAND, D. B., Australian Banking System. in Willis and Holt, Foreign Banking Systems. - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952.

COPLAND, D. B., Currency and Credit Control. - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952.

COPLAND, D. B., Currency and Prices in Australia. Adelaide, 1921. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

COPLAND, D. B., Currency Inflation and Price Movements in Australia. 1920. ECONOMIC JOURNAL 30(120) : 484-509. - (December). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking + Dowd

COPLAND, D. B., Monetary Policy and its Application to Australia. Melbourne, 1926. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - My scanner read the title, for once, more correctly, as “affliction” instead of “application”. - J.Z., 20.3.10.

COPLAND, D. B., New Zealand Exchange and the Economic Crisis. Auckland, 1931. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

COPLAND, D. B., New Zealand in the Crisis. Auckland, 1932. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW. - Did he ever see the main cause of the crisis in the note issue monopoly of the central bank? - J.Z., 2.5.10.

COPLAND, D. B., What Have the Banks Done? Sydney, 1931. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - Whatever little, of a positive kind, the laws allowed them to do! - Furthermore, since the laws outlawed competition in this sphere, they got away with a lot of wrongful and risky actions, too, which were, at least temporarily, profitable for them, like borrowing on short terms and lending out on long terms. - J.Z., 20.3.10.

COPPIETERS, EMMANUEL, English Bank Note Circulation, 1694-1954. The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff. 1837. The Louvain Institute of Economic and Social Research & Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1955, 171pp, indexed, with bibliography. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. In: PEACE PLANS 813. - It brings interesting details on Scottish note issues. - J.Z.

COQ, PAUL, La Circulation en Banque ou l'Impasse du Monopole. Paris: Guillaumin, 1865. - SMITH, VERA C.

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Crises commerciales. In: Dictionnaire de l'Economie Politique. Paris. Guillaumin. 1854.

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Des monnaies en France et d'une Réforme de notre régime monétaire. 15 October 1844. La Revue des Deux Mondes.. Pp. 350-374. - Nataf

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Dictionaire de l'économie politique. 1854, reprint 1973 (1978?)

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Du crédit et des Banques. Paris, Guillaumin, 1848, IV, 424pp. Staatsbibliothek Berlin. - For metallic redemption.

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Le Crédit et les Banques. Paris. Guillaumin. 1876. - Nataf - 3rd éd. Paris: Guillaumin, 1876 (Preface and annotation by Jean-Gustave Courcelle-Seneuil.) - SMITH, VERA C.

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Les crises commerciales et la liberté des banques.' 1 November 1848. La Revue des Deux Mondes. Pages 445-470.

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Liberté du commerce et des banques. In: Ge de Nouvion, Charles Coquelin, sa vie et ses travaux, 1908. British Library. G. de Nouvion? Or does Ge stand for George? - J.Z.

COQUELIN, CHARLES, Traité sur la banque du credit et des banques. 420 pp, 1848, 1849, in PEACE PLANS No. 584. Also under short title:"Du credit et des Banques"? or are two titles involved, one published 1848 and one 1849? -JZ)

CORDIER, H., Currency and Measures in China. in: JRASNChBr vol. XXIV, 50 (Ergebnisse einer Umfrage über chin. Maße und Währungseinheiten 1889). - Herbert Franke, Geld- & Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft.

CORK, N., The late Australian banking crisis.' (1894) JOURNAL OF THE INSTITUTE OF BANKERS 15 (4): 175-261. - Dowd

CORNELIUS, BRIGITTE, Die Zinsfreie Wirtschaftsordnung. 1984, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 793. - (Not one of MY ideals. - Too many people object to sound and free pricing for certain services. Has Boehm-Bawerk refuted all the popular notions on interest and usury sufficiently? I find them frequently upheld even among monetary freedom advocates! To the extent that high interest charges are the result of monetary despotism, in inflationary as well as deflationary periods, the real causes of both problems should be attacked rather than the symptoms. - Some free banking advocates do also assume that high interest rates for scarce investment capital could be reduced by sound currency issues cheaply made possible for sound daily turnover credits only. - What is true in this notion is the indirect effect of sufficient turnover credit: More production and sales, more savings, more investments of them and, thereby, a lowering of the interest rate for investment capital. More investment capital will also be released once the law does no longer force many institutions to invest in government securities, which by now should all be renamed “insecurities”. - At most they can offer some tax advantages to the victims of monetary and financial despotism. - See on this especially the monograph of Prof. H. Rittershausen, in German, on “Muendelsicherheitsbestimmungen”, unemployment, and industrial investment credit - J.Z., 12.2.10.) An “interest-free” economy would be as uneconomic as a “price-free” and “rent-free” economy. Under quite free and competititive conditions, interest, too, is nothing else but a special price, one for a special service. - J.Z., 13.6.10.

CORNS, MARSHALL C., Practical Operations and Management of a Bank. 2 vols. Boston: Bankers, 1962. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - They are not really in full control of their monopoly currency, a forced currency, and its results, either, regardless of their title and the terms of the legislation under which they are supposed to operate, and contrary to the financial wishes of the current government and its central bank. - They have, so to speak, a tiger or an elephant “by the tail”. - J.Z., 4.4.10.

CORNWELL, WILLIAM C., The Currency and Banking Law of the Dominion of Canada, considered with Reference to Currency Reform in the United States. New York and London, 1895. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - An economic link going beyond a free exchange rate between national currencies is, usually, quite wrongfully assumed. However, all national currencies have their monopolism in common, and their legal tender power. Moreover, they are, usually, accompanied by a wide variety of protectionist and interventionist “policies”, all of them wrong and irrational. - Thus they same kind of crises tend to occur in all of them without one having to assume any “influence” of “infection” or “chain reaction”. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CORRAZZARIUS, JO. BAPT., Concordia Generalis Doctorum, ad Regulus solutionum, pro qualibet variatione Monetarum, &c. Romae. 1642. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CORRAZZARIUS, JO. BAPT., Tractatus de Augmento Monete, Romae. 1641. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CORRIGAN, SEAN, Putting the Hayekian Horse Before the Keynesian Cart. - 3/21/2007 - Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute.

CORRIGAN, SEAN, Unreal Bills Doctrine. (Zurich, Switzerland) - 8/5/2005 - Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute. - Even mere “financial bills” are “real” but not really sound commercial bills. It was the job of a sound note-issuing banker, in the discounting business, to know his customers, their business and thus to distinguish between the two kinds of bills. The RBD: Real Bills Doctrine, refers to such bankers, who, so to speak, merely cut-up these “real bills” into notes suitable for a wider circulation and, in the end, the notes so issued streamed back to pay the bills so discounted (temporarily “fractionized” in money denominations), all without legal tender power, except towards the issuer, in all payments due to him. A mere clever clearing process was involved to facilitate the turnover and final sale of already produced goods, already sold to wholesalers and thus on their road to the retailers and the final consumers. The notes so issued in these discount actions were, largely, used by the employers to pay current wages and salaries with. - Alas, like most modern bankers, they were then, also, often more interested in investing and speculating in medium and long term securities than in monetizing short term and sound commercial bills. - By now this kind of sound “banking principle” in the issue of sound banknotes is largely forgotten. Only the insignificant - but dangerous formality - in the - case of bank runs, is remembered and some want even to revive it - but not the sound turn-over credit business involved in the RBD. The whole process would have functioned much better without the gold redemption promise and attempts to fulfill it. Gold coins should only have been used as a value standard in pricing goods, wages, salaries and notes and as an optional means of payment, if a debtor was sufficiently supplied with them, but not as a means of payment that a creditor could rightly demand. The creditor should only have been entitled to be paid in gold-weight value units, transferred to him in whatever means of payment stood either at par with their nominal gold weight value or were acceptable to him at an appropriate discount against that value standard, which might, in some cases, have meant personal IOUs or clearing certificates of the debtor, which the debtor would then be obliged to accept at par from anyone for all of his goods and services for sale. - J.Z., 22.2.10. - I find it almost unreal and unbelievable that so many “economists” still do not fully understand the Real Bills Doctrine. The mere form of the “real bills”, as a redemption promise, has probably misled them about the clearing process involved. - Once again, a case of what is seen and what is not seen. The possibilities of clearing and the fact that all monies are, essentially, clearing means as well, is still not generally recognized. Only the unfinished “Geldtheorie” (Money Theory) of Prof. H. Rittershausen, has, to my knowledge, clearly stated this fact. At least in parts it is on www.reinventingmoney.com. - J.Z., 12.5.10.

CORTI, Count, The Reign of the House of Rothschild. V. Gollancz, London, 1928. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933. (CORTI, Count, The Rise of the House of Rothschild. V. Gollancz, London, 1928. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933. - 2 books or one wrongly remembered title? - J.Z.) - Any territorial ruler, who assumes that he fully “rules” a country and its population, is, largely, wrong and deceiving himself and many others. However, he has all too much power to infringe the rights and liberties of his or her subjects and can cause much economic harm. The remaining illegal activities of underground economics or black market activities cannot, normally, sufficiently counteract their authoritarian regimes and render their interventions quite harmless. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CORWIN, THOMAS, Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

CORWIN, THOMAS, Papers. Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, Ohio. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts. - Different sets of papers or photocopies? - J.Z.

COSER, L., The Functions of Social Conflict. Glencoe (Ill.) 1956. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Not every kind of „conflict“ has genuine functions. Under full exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers they could peacefully coexist, each doing the own things only for and to the own followers. That would be their particular function and, overall, this would amount to harmony rather than conflict between them. The “suicidal” (e.g. abortionist) and self-mutilating systems (trying to to without property rights and free exchange) would gradually get smaller, find less voluntary victims and, gradually, eliminate themselves. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

COSSA, LUIGI, An Introduction to the Study of Political Economy. Translated by Louis Dyer. London and New York,

COTHREN, RICHARD, Asymmetric Information and Optimal Bank Reserves." 1987. JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 19, no.1, Feb., pp. 68-77. - White, Competition & Currency. + Schuler.

COTTLRELL, P. L. & ANDERSON, B. L., Money and Banking in England. The Development of the Banking System 1694-1914. David & Charles, Newton Abbot, London, Vancouver, 1974, indexed and with suggestions for further reading: 358pp. Typically for most such books: nothing on Legal Tender, Free Banking or Monetary Freedom in the index. - Part III deals with Private Banking and the Money Market to 1825 and contains at least 2 apparently worthwhile articles by Thomas Joplin and George Carr Glyn. Generally statist. - J.Z., JZL.

COTTON, C. W., A State Bank of Issue, the only Solution of the Domestic Currency Question. Paper read 17 January 1891 at the Association for the Advancement of Science, Christchurch, N.Z., Adelaide, 1891. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of Australia. - Progress of statism isn’t genuine progress but a relapse into barbarism and absolutism. - J.Z., 22.6.10.

COUGHLIN, MICHAEL E., HAMILTON, CHARLES H. & SULLIVAN, MARK A., Benjamin R. Tucker & The Champions of Liberty, A Centenary Anthology. editors, 1981, 232pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 912.

COUGHLIN, REV. CHARLES E., The New Deal in Money. Royal Oak, Michigan: Radio League of the Little Flower, 1933. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

COULBORN, An Introduction to Money. - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952.

COULBORN, W. A. L., A Discussion of Money. London - New York - Toronto, 1957. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

COULLET, PAUL JACQUES, Etudes sur la Circulation Monétaire, la Banque et le Crédit. Paris: Furne, 1865. - SMITH, VERA C.

COUNCIL FOR MONETARY REFORM, Statement of Goals. 1984, in PEACE PLANS 586/587.

COURCELLE SÉNEUIL, JEAN GUSTAV, Traité théorique et pratique d'economie politique, deuxieme edition, revue et augmentee. 1867, tome premier, 495 pages, tome second, 538pp, in PEACE PLANS 778, 779, 780.

COURCELLE SÉNEUIL, JEAN GUSTAV., La Banque Libre. Paris, Guillaumin, 1867, pp IV, 352, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 313/314. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - SMITH, VERA C. - For redemption. - J.Z.

COURCELLE-SÉNEUIL, JEAN-GUSTAVE, Les Opérations de banque. 1849. 9th. ed., par Andre Liesse, pp XXIV, 670, Paris, 1905. Reprinted at least once more, in Paris, 1909. - For banking principle. But favors metallic redemption, not relying on the banking principle itself, connected with sound value reckoning. - British Library. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

COURCELLE SÉNEUIL, JEAN-GUSTAVE, Traité Théorique et Pratique des Opérations de Banque. Paris, Guillaumin, 1853, 1876, 488? 588?pp, in PEACE PLANS 600, 29x. - JZL. - SMITH, VERA C. (Later editions, Traite des operations de banque, Paris 1864, 6th. ed., Paris, 1876, 9th. ed., 1905, another one in 1909, were not available to LMP. However, earlier writings are often less influenced by the popular bias in favour of central banking. Even the writings of scholars like A. Wagner are subject to such public opinion pressures - instead of countering them. - J.Z.) The Paris 1864 issue is in the British Library. EXTRACTS ONLY, from 2nd. vol., Paris 1967, "Des emissions de billets de banque," pp 332-348 & "De l'emploi de l'autorite dans les reformes economiques", pp 348-354, in PEACE PLANS 738.

COURTOIS, ALPHONSE, fils, Histoire des banques en France. Paris, Guillaumin, 1875, 1881. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen. - SMITH, VERA

COVARRÚBIO, see: COVARRÚVIAS.

COVARRÚVIAS, see: BUDELIUS.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, Commodity bundles units of account:The ‘Black-Fama -Hall’system of Greenfield and Yeager. 1990. Unpublished Manuscript, George Mason and Harvard Universities. JOURNAL OF BANK RESEARCH 1, 9-20. - L. H. White.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, Explorations in the New Monetary Economics. forthcoming. Work in progress, New York: Basil Blackwell Press.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, Futures Markets, Loans and Asset Marketability: A Review Essay of Jeffrey William's The Economic Function of Futures Markets, 4pp: in PEACE PLANS 1576, p.38. From MARKET PROCESS.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, Heinrich Rittershausen and the "Goods Warrants" Approach to Free Banking." 1990c. Unpublished manuscript, George Mason University. - Alas, I have not yet seen that one. Actually, it is much more the approach of Ulrich von Beckerath, his friend since the early 1920’s. - J.Z., 7.6.10.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, Legal Restrictions on Financial Intermediation during Scotland’s ‘Free Banking Era’.” Manuscript. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University, 1987.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, Precursors of the New Monetary Economics. 1990b. Unpublished manuscript, George Mason University.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, Recent Developments in the New Monetary Economics. 1987b. ZEITSCHRIFT FUER WIRTSCHAFTSPOLITIK. 36, 207-20.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, Scottish banking before 1845: a model for laissez-faire? (1988b) JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING, Vol. 21, No. 2 (May 1989) - JZL photocopy.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, The Development of the New Monetary Economics. Cambridge, Mass. 1985, photocopy. - G. P. O’Driscoll, Jr. - 1987a. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 95 (June): 567-90. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System. - JZL, photocopy. With over 3pp. of bibliography, extracted for this compilation. - J.Z.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, The Evolution of an Unregulated Payments System. 1986. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. - Cowen & Kroszner. (1988a) unpublished manuscript. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - Manuscript. 1989a. . - Fred E. Foldvary, “… The Credit Exchange Alternative for Market Coordination.” - Revised, April 89 photocopy JZL. Unpublished still as 1990a. manuscript, according to the authors, Nov. 90, in another manuscript. George Mason University. - J.Z. - Possibly later published: Irvine, Cal.: University of California, and Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University. - Dowd - May 88 version, anyhow, 32pp.are microfiched by me in PEACE PLANS 815, although this does hardly means sufficient publicity for such articles. - J.Z., 7.6.10.

COWEN, TYLER & KROSZNER, RANDALL, The Evolution of Media of Account. Undated paper, 49 pages, with bibliography. JZL, in photocopy.

COWEN, TYLER, Could Dollars Be a Thing of the Past Someday? WALL STREET JOURNALS, Friday Feb. 8, 1985, 1p., photocopy only, reproduced in PEACE PLANS 1014. - On cashless payment systems rather than full monetary freedom. - J.Z. - JZL. - If you pay a cashier the exact price in cash, you will, usually, be served much faster than when you pay electronically, at electronic “speed”, which still involves numerous delays. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

COWEN, TYLER, The Problem of Public Goods: A Preliminary Investigation. Manuscript, 1982. - White, Competition & Currency.

COWEN, TYLER, Why Keynesianism Triumphed Or, Could So Many Keynesians Have Been Wrong? CRITICAL REVIEW, vol. 3, numbers 3 & 4, Summer/Fall, 1989, pp.518-530.

COX, SAMUEL, Elements of Banking and Currency. Philadelphia, 1838. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

COXE, Bishop, Travels in Russia &c, London. 1792. 5 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CRADOCKE, FRANCIS, Expedient for Taking Away All Impositions. 1660. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - In other words: Sound and optional money, the greatest liberator! - J.Z., 29.3.10.

CRAIG, Dr. B. F., The Decimal System. New York, 1867. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CRAIG, Sir JOHN, The Mint: A History of the London Mint from A.D. 287 to 1948. (Cambridge 1953), “a mine of detailed information.” - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England. - Fetter, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy 1797-1875.

CRAIG, WILLIAM D., Coins of the World, 1750-1850. Ed. Holland Wallace. 3d ed. Racine, Wisconsin: Western Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. - DOTY (1978).

CRAIN, W. MARK, & ROBERT B. EKELUND, Jr., Deficits and Democracy. 1978. SOUTHERN ECONOMIC JOURNAL 44 (April). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CRAMER von CLAUSBRUCH, JULIANE, Freiwirtschaft - Führt die Geldreform aus der Krise? Diplomarbeit, Berlin 1985, 81 S., 48x, in PEACE PLANS 668.

CRAMER, PETER, Der direkte internationale Preiszusammenhang: Ein Beitrag zur Theorie der importierten Inflation. Institut für Wirtschaftspolitik an der Universität zu Köln 1971. - Flamant.  - Ausgerechnet in Köln, wo Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen für viele Jahre lehrte, gibt es anscheinend solche falschen Inflationstheorien immer noch. Auch er konnte der Geldfreiheit keine genügend grosse Gasse bahnen, obwohl er das hart und für Jahrzehnte versuchte hatte. - Trotzdem wurde er von Hayek verdächtigt, ein Inflationist zu sein! - Auch grosse Gelehrte und Freiheitssucher, wie Hayek es zweifellos war (Ich bin auch einer seiner Fans aber folge ihm nicht kritiklos.), konnten, zu ihrer Zeit, schon nicht mehr alle damals moderne Literature lesen und richtig verstehen, selbst nicht in ihrem eignen Fachbereich. - Auf dem Gebiet der Geld-, Währungs, Kredit- und der Verrechnungsmöglichkeiten herrscht immer noch Chaos, in den Ideen und Meinungen, weil ausreichende und geordnete Informationen immer noch nicht leicht genug zugängig sind. Jetzt gibt es schon sehr viel mehr Information auf diesem Gebiet, so viel, das ein Einzelner, wie ich, nicht einmal mehr alle die Google Hinweise aufsuchen kann. Dieser Gedanke veranlasste mich, so viele Geldfreiheitsschriften wie ich konnte, wenigstens auf Mikrofiche anzubieten und, später, wenigstens einige Titel, digitisiert, obwohl das mir für jeden langen Titel viel mehr Arbeit machte. - Jetzt könnten alle auf einer Platte angeboten werden, indexiert und oder mit einer eingebauten Suchmachine. - Auch ergänzt durch Bibliographien, Abstrakte, Besprechungen und Diskussionen. - Ich hoffe es noch erleben zu können. - J.Z., 11.3.10. Oder: „Lieber noch mehr Kriege, blutige Revolutionen, Bürgerkriege, katastrophale Wirtschaftskrisen, Terrorismus - als sich mit solchen Sachen den Kopf verkleistern?“ - Das ist immer noch eine weit verbreitete Einstellung! - J.Z., 7.6.10.

CRAMP, A. B., How Much Does Money Matter? THE BANKER'S MAGAZINE, Oktober 1961. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

CRAMP, A. B., Opinion on Bank Rate, 1822-1860. London: London School of Economics and Political Science, 1961. - Fetter, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy 1797-1875. - London, 1962. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

CRANE, EDWARD H. & BOAZ, DAVID, An American Vision. Policies for the ‘90s. CATO Institute, Washington, D.C., 358pp. Under my present pre-occupation with full monetary and financial freedom and panarchistic free choices in these spheres as well, only two chapters are of interest to me: YOUNG, S. DAVID, “Black Monday” and “Reforming the Capital Markets”, p.91-104. & ENGLAND, CATHERINE, A Market Approach to the Savings and Loan Crisis, p. 105-130. - JZL.

CRANE, PHILIP M., The Economic Stabilization Act. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, December 9, 1971. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Another territorial legislation attempt cannot undo the wrongful and harmful effects of the multitude of anti-economic prior legislation, unless it would repeal all of it, wholesale. - Such actions are as rare, or even rarer, than the the voluntary abdication of kinds and emperors and their modern equivalents, in a supposedly democratic or republican form. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CRANE, PHILIP M., Two statements in the house, both of February 7, 1889: 1.) Legislation to Relieve Savings and Loan Crisis, 2.) GAO Should Audit Federal Reserve System And Banks, together with 3 bills submitted by him to the 101st Congress, 1st session: H.R. 516, January 19, 1989: To authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to issue gold-backed bonds to the holders of accounts in federally insured financial institutions that are insolvent. H.R.843, February 6, 1989: To provide that all Federal Reserve notes and other currencies of the United States shall be redeemable in gold. H.R. 844, February 6, 1989: To authorize and direct the General Accounting Office to audit the Federal Reserve Board, the Federal Advisory Council, the Federal Open Market Committee, and Federal Reserve banks and their branches. [Member of Congress for Illinois.] Photocopies only. - According to a note I have already micro-fiched them - somewhere. - J.Z. - JZL. E.g. PEACE PLANS 1240.

CRAWCOUR, SYDNEY, The Development of a Credit System in Seventeenth Century Japan. 1921, JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC HISTORY, v. 20, no. 3, Sep., pp 342-360. - Schuler

CRAWFORD, J. B., Crédit Mobilier of America. Boston, 1880. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

CRAWFORD, JOHN, The Philosophy of Wealth, ed., London & Paisely, 3rd. ed., 1873. Advocates pure banking principle. Quoted in INNOVATOR, Jan. 67. - Carnaghan.

CRAWFORD, M. H., Coinage and Money under the Roman Republic. 1985. - Joe Cribb (1986).

CRAWFORD, WILLIAM H., Report on the Currency (February 24,1820). AMERICAN STATE PAPERS, FINANCE, iii. 494-508. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CRAWLEY, JOSEPH S., Three articles in BANKERS' MAGAZINE for 1859. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

CRC BULLETIN, Committee to Restore the Constitution, P.O. Box 986, Fort Collins, CO 80522. - Greco (1990)

CRC, COMMITTEE TO RESTORE THE CONSTITUTIONS, Inc., 2pp leaflet by R.E. Roberts, n.d., in PEACE PLANS 817.

CREAMER, DANIEL, Behavior of Wage Rates During Business Cycles. (New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1950, Occasional Paper 34) - reported evidence that is consistent with the Rothbard hypothesis. - Lowell Gallaway & Richard Vedder, The Keynesian Performance.

CREDIT RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Survey of Training Programs for Credit Department Personnel. New York: Credit Research Foundation, 1964. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - Should we any longer place any faith in or give any credit to institutions that base all their actions on central banks and their forced and exclusive currencies? What kind of experience or theory (deserving the name), does really speak for such an attitude, rather than against it? - In other words: Did it do sufficient research? - J.Z., 4.4.10. - Who can prepare them sufficiently for changes in “monetary and currency policies” of territorial governments? The legislators and administrators do not know themselves, sufficiently, what they are doing with their interventions. They do not even have the time and energy to read and discuss all the clauses they pass, but rely, instead, of the “committee” work of their parties. In that sphere the bad ideas tend to drive out the good ideas, ignorance and prejudices prevail over knowledge and enlightenment. They managed to ignore most of the free banking and monetary freedom literature and the discussion of it for a very long time. No one, as yet, had even easy and full access to all of it , if he wanted to have it. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CREUTZ, HELMUT, an BLANKERTZ, STEFAN, 12 Dec. 83, über "Kreditschöpfung?" Jan. 84, "Zum Thema 'Kredit- u. Buchgeld-schöpfung'", "'Geldschöpfung' - Rechenbeispiel", "Zum Thema 'Fristentransformation'", Briefwechsel mit Prof. Dr. Dieter SUHR, May 84, und T. M., 30.12.86, "Geldschöpfung durch die Banken - Zum Thema 'Buchgeldschöpfung', "Geldbezogene Begriffe - Versuch einer Definition", 8/86, in PEACE PLANS 741/742. (If all enemies as well as advocates of particular freedom ideas argued, wrote and printed as well as C. does, it would be a delight. Who wants to dive into muck? I do not agree with him on many points but he does state his case beautifully. Beautiful statements are not necessarily correct and truthful statements. Just look at much of poetry and at most of the political slogans. Politicians and bureaucrats do state their “case” als, “beautifully” and effectively, with the “value standards” of “political correctness” and “proofs” at the polling booths. - J.Z., 12.5.10.)

CREUTZ, HELMUT, Das Geldsyndrom - Wege zu einer krisenfreien Marktwirtschaft. Wirtschaftsverlag Langen Mueller Herbig, Muenchen 1993. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de - (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.) - Er leidet schwer under seinem “Zinssyndrom”, seinem Teufelsbild! - J.Z.

CREUTZ, HELMUT, some leaflets: "Veränderung der volkswirtschaftlichen Schuldenleisten bei Einführung einer konstruktiven Umlaufssicherung...", "Entwicklung der Kapitalmarkt-zinsen", "Heutiger Zins - Grösse u. Zusammensetzung", "Relationen und Entwicklungen bankbezogener Grössen", "New Yorker Notenbankchef Corrigan attackiert Explosion der Schuldenlast", "Scherenöffnung", "Einkommen: Gesamtverschuldung", "Veränderte Relationen", "Anteile je Haushalt", "Zins im Preis","Mehrarbeit", "Parallelen", "Arbeitslosigkeit u. Zins", all in PEACE PLANS 736. - (At least this opponent of interest has stated his case clearly, with facts & figures, upon which worthwhile further discussion can be based. Even Böhm Bawerk's classical "Capital & Interest", possibly the best pro and con survey of the arguments and facts involved, has not yet settled the question, at least not as far as public opinion or the opinions of many money reformers like e.g. Creutz are concerned. Thus an encyclopaedic effort might be required. On fiche, on discs or online, perhaps with electronic “argument mapping” and with many participating, it could be easily and gradually compiled and published in frequently updated versions. - Debts can hardly “explode” when debtors are free to avoid taking up more debts. - However, inflations encourage them to do this and later, if at all, to repay them, nominally, with inflated currency. - Under both, deflations and inflations, possible under monetary despotism, taxation and other kinds of economic interventionism, one has to expect higher than normal interest rates. - In the absence of complete economic freedom we do not know as yet its interest rates and the trend of interest rates to go down or up for some kinds of them. - At best we can make some educated guesses. - J.Z., 26.6.20.)

CREUTZ, HELMUT, Wir brauchen ein anderes Steuersystem. Angela Hackbarth Verlag. St. Georgen. (Zu bestellen unter Telefon 07724-3933) - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de - (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". Eher: Wir brauchen kein Steuersystem! Ebensowenig wie andere Tributzahlungen! - Aber er - und viele andere ebenfalls - sehen Zinszahlungen als Tributzahlungen an, verkennen also sogar diese ökonomisch verhältnismässig einfache Sache! - J.Z., 4.3.10.

CREUTZ, HELMUT, Zins treibt in die Krise. Mit Liste seiner Schriften zur Sozialreform, in PEACE PLANS 737. - Well, so he believes! - J.Z., 25.5.10. I favor full experimental freedom for him and his followers - at their risk and expense! - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CRIBB, JOE, Money in the Bank: An Illustrated Introduction to the Money Collection of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. London, Spink and Son, 1987. - Schuler.

CRIBB, JOE, Money, from Cowrie Shells to Credit Cards. editor. Published by the Trustees of the British Museum Publications, 1986, indexed, 192 pages, with some notes for further reading. Beautifully illustrated. - JZL.

CRICK, W. F. & WADSWORTH, J. E., A Hundred Years of Joint Stock Banking. (1936), “which is the centennial history of the Midland Bank.” - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England. - 2nd ed. London, 1938. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

CRICK, W. F., 1965, Commonwealth Banking Systems. Oxford, Clarendon Press. - Schuler

CRICK, W. F., The Genesis of Bank Deposits.'' ECONOMICA, June 1927. - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952.

CRISWELL, G. C., Confederate and Southern States Currency. 2. Aufl., Citra 1976. - Albert Pick

CRISWELL, G. C., North American Currency. 2. Aufl., Citra (U.S.A.) 1969. - Albert Pick

CRITICAL REVIEW, A Journal of Books and Ideas. Vol. 3, Numbers 3 & 4, Summer/Fall, 1989, The Keynesian Orthodoxy, pp 373-609, contains several articles by different authors on the theme of Central vs. Free Banking. They are separately and alphabetically listed in their place. JZL.

CROCKETT, DAVID, A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett. Philadelphia, 1837. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

CROCKETT, DAVID, Not Yours to Give. 1884, COLONEL, 8pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 522. - On financial freedom and voluntarism vs. financial despotism via tax tributes and welfare etc. handouts. - J.Z. http://www.fee.org/library/books/notyours.asp - People can be too generous - with other people’s money than their own. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CROOK, MICHAEL, A Brief History and Analysis of Scottish Free Banking, 1716-1845. [2004] http://economics.about.com/cs/moffattentries/a/scot_banking.htmCROPE,

CROSBIE, GEORGE, Remarks on the Scotch System of Banking. Edinburgh, University Press, 1841. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

CROSBY, SYLVESTER SAGE, The Early Coins of America and the Laws Governing their Issue. Published by the author, Boston, 1873, 1978. “Seminal volume for all American numismatic writing; amazingly little has been added to Crosby's original findings for most Colonials and state coins.” - Alexander, Coin World, Cat. & Encyclopedia. + Carothers. - The Early Coins of America. Boston, 1875, on colonial tokens by Hickley, Chalmers, Getz et al. - W.

CROSS, IRA B., Financing an Empire. Chicago: G. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1927. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns. - Perhaps it should have been titled: “The imperialist ‘financing’ of empires and States”? - It has very little, if anything to do with the genuine “financing” of e.g. factories, mines, farms, buildings and business enterprises. - It resembles bankrobberies and extortions much more. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

CROSS, IRA B., Money and Banking. American Institute of Banking, Section America Bankers Association, New York City, 1831,1932, 1933, 1934, indexed, 544pp. On glancing through the contents list and index I found only a few pages which might be worth reading, but not right now. - J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL.

CROSS, LARRY, How Not to Fight Inflation. EIRE: Economic Institute for Research and Education, Colorado, together with JOHNSON, BYRON L., How to Fight Inflation, in an undated 17 pp. pamphlet. - J.Z.L. - Cross does at least oppose price controls and an incomes policy, favors Free Trade, wants to dismantle legalized monopolies and a return to the production of money to the competitive Market Process. - J.Z., 10.6.10.

CROSSE, HOWARD D., Management Policies for Commercial Banks. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1962. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

CROUZET, FRANCOIS, Capital Formation in the Industrial Revolution. 1972. London: Methuen. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CROWE, E. E., History of France. London, 1830. 3 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CROWTHER, GEOFFREY An Outline of Money. (Revised Edition.) Thomas Nelson, London, 1948. - Timothy Green, The World of Gold Today.

CRUCHON, GUSTAVE, Les Banques dans l’Antiquité. Paris, 1879.

CRUM, LAWRENCE L. Time Deposits in Present-Day Commercial Banking. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1964. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

CRUMP, C. G., & HUGHES, A., & Johnson, C., The Debasement of Coinage under Edward III. ECONOMIC JOURNAL, ibid, vol. vii. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

CRUMP, C. G., & HUGHES, A., The English Currency under Edward I. ECONOMIC JOURNAL, vol. vii. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

CRUMP, NORMAN, The Discount Market and the Treasury. BANKER, Vol.XXXII, Oct.-Dec. 1934, pp. 182-8. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

CRUMP, T., The Phenomenon of Money. 1981. - Joe Cribb (1986). - What we see are, mostly, only the permitted phenomena of money. The others were executed and buried and are largely forgotten or confined to monetary utopias, mostly only in more or less obscure writings. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CRUTTWELL, RICHARD, Reform with Revolution. 1839. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CTAF: The Committee to Abolish the Fed, Inc. Flyer, 2pp, on its Sep. 86 conference, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.648. - For a fraction of the costs of such a conference all papers submitted on such a topic, to an agreed-upon centre, could all be permanently published on a CD. A second CD could then be produced that included all replies to the first disk. Relevant other texts could also be submitted for such publishing, so that finally a complete digitized library on free banking would be achieved. - Will the free market micro-economists recognize this microeconomics? - J.Z. - How many libertarian money and banking conferences have taken place in the meantime? Are all their records online? Or available on disc? - J.Z., 27.2.10. - Conferences largely confine most of their findings to their participants. By now they could and should be made permanently and cheaply accessible, with alternative media. Then and thus they could, probably, achieve much more. A movement in this direction has begun but is as yet far from complete. - J.Z., 10.6.10.

CUESTA, D. JUAN BERDEGAL de la, Cartilla Practica sobre Elaboreo de las Minas y reconocimiento y beneficio de los Metales, antique minero en Nueva Espana. Burdeos, 1838. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

CULBERTSON, J. M., Intermediaries and Monetary Theory: A Criticism of the Gurley-Shaw Theory." 1958. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 48 (March). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CULBERTSON, JOHN M., Government Financial Policy in the Effective Market Economy." In Carson, D., (ed.) Banking and Monetary Studies. Homewood, Ill., Richard D. Irwin, 1963: 151-170. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - In an effective, i.e., a complete market economy, there would be no territorial governments and thus also no “governmental policies”. - J.Z., 27.6.10.

CULBERTSON, JOHN M., Macroeconomic Theory and Stabilization Policy. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - M. Friedman, Money Mischief.

CULPEPER, Sir THOMAS, A Tract against Usury. (London, 1621.) - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940. - Does it make any sense to rave against usury or interest-rates while the provision of exchange media, clearing certificates and of sound value standards through competing banking, credit- and clearing institutions is severely restricted? And while capital is severely taxed and thus greatly reduced? Under complete economic freedom interest rates for medium and long term investments would probably rise at first, while the short-term ones for turn-over credits would fall, because they would no longer depend on the supply of monopoly money. Many investment opportunities would be opened up with high profits, that could reward the investors with high interest rates. However, finally, the whole supply of capital would be increased and lead then to a decline of interest rates from high rates to rates that would still sufficiently reward savings and investments, as they should. A debtor making 50% p.a. on his borrowed capital has no right to complain when he has to pay 15 or even 25% interest for it. - However, interest rates should be flexible. Fixed rates, while profits are greatly fluctuating and may be under the interest rate, can easily ruin him. - Fixed ideas and flawed traditions and practices in this sphere should finally be sufficiently criticized and discarded. - J.Z., 26.5.10. Ulrich von Beckerath pointed out to me that interest on investments in Switzerland, in the post WW II years was, sometimes, extremely low. Refugee capital fled to Switzerland and found there only limited but relatively secure investment opportunities. Thus the returns on it were low. Almost any country would get a flood of capital offered, at low rates, if it had low or no taxes on it, honestly upheld value preserving clauses and an honest and competitive currency, few if any “regulations” and controls and offered also an asylum option to the owners of these investments. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

CUNDIFF, KIRBY R., Monetary Policy Disasters of the Twentieth Century. - “Monetary-Policy Disasters of the Twentieth Century” by IN BRIEF, 17.5.10. FEE Timely Classic

CUNLIFFE COMMITTEE, THE, First Interim Report, 1918. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

CUNNINGHAM, MARY E., James Fenimore Cooper: A Reappraisal. (ed.). Cooperstown, N.Y., 1954. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

CUNNINGHAM, W., The Growth of English Industry and Commerce. 2 vols. Cambridge, England, 1892. - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940. - 5th ed., Cambridge, 1927. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

CUNNINGHAM, W., Western Civilization in its Economic Aspects. Cambridge University Press, London, 1924. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934. - Groseclose, (1934).

CURL, JOHN, History of Work Cooperation in America. - History of Work Cooperation in America - "John Curl's history of attempts at self-management and cooperation, from colonial times."

CURL, JOHN, Living in the UXA. EXPRESS, THE EAST BAY'S FREE WEEKLY, 11 Nov. 83, 7pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 865. (On the largest U.S. barter exchange and coop-self help by unemployed, during the Depression.)

CURLEY, CHARLES, Gold Standards. THE FREEMAN, 6/75, 8pp, pp. 353-361, FEE, on some of the varieties of gold standards, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.49. - It seems that the single-hypothesis “theories” are still much more popular, even among social “scientists” than the “multiple hypothesis” theories, that cope much better with the multitude of facts, ideas, opinions, associations, and actions, especially in the sphere of free exchanges. - J.Z., 28.2.10.

CURLEY, CHARLES, The Coming Profit in Gold. Bantam Books, 1974, 154pp, indexed. (It is good on legal tender and Gresham's Law. - J.Z., JZL. - While investments in e.g gold-mining and gold speculation can be financially rewarding and preserve one’s capital against inflation, they are not profitable by increasing general productivity, unless, of course, e.g. gold clauses are utilized to reward capital investments honestly, rather than penalize them (e.g. by taxation or by allowing debtors to repay them with depreciated legal tender money). - J.Z., 26.5.10.

CURRENCY COMPETITION: SOME OPTIONS CONSIDERED, ECONOMIC NOTES No. 59, ISSN 0267-7164, ISBN 1 85637 261 8, Libertarian Alliance. http://www.libertarian.co.uk/lapubs/econn/econn059.pdf

CURRENCY PROBLEMS AND THE PRESENT FINANCIAL SITUATION. Essays issued by the Columbia University Press, 1908. - White, Horace, (1895ff.)

CURRENCY REFORM ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK, BANKERS' MAGAZINE for 1858 and 1859.

CURRENT, RICHARD N., Daniel Webster and the Rise of National Conservatism. The Library of American Biography. Boston, 1955. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

CURRIE, D., European monetary union or competing currencies: which way for monetary union in Europe?' (1989) ECONOMIC OUTLOOK, October: 11-24. - Dowd

CURRIE, LAUCHLIN, The failure of monetary policy to prevent the Depression of 1929-32. (1934) in JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, vol. 42, April. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - This depression was not quite over by 1932. - J.Z., 27.6.10.

CURRIE, LAUCHLIN, The Supply and Control of Money in the United States. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press. 1934. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

CURTI, MERLE, The Social Ideas of American Educators. New York, 1935. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. They are, usually, more statist than social. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

CURTIS, CLIFFORD A., Statistical Contributions to Canadian Economic History. Vol. 1. Statistics of Banking. Toronto: The MacMillan Company of Canada, 1931. - DONALD R. WELLS.

CURTIS, CLIFFORD A., Statistics of Banking. 1931, vol. 1 of Statistical Contributions to Canadian Economics, Toronto, Macmillan of Canada. - Schuler - I would like to see a statistics on token money and emergency money issues that have, probably, often somewhat mitigated the effects of monetary despotism. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

CURTIS, CLIFFORD A., The Canadian Monetary Situation." JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 40 (June 1932): 314-337. . - WELLS, DONALD R., & SCRUGGS, L. S.

CURTIS, GEORGE TICKNOR, Address of the Hon. George Tickner Curtis at Philadelphia, Sept. 30, 1864. CAMPAIGN DOCUMENT No. 10, n.p., n.d. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

CURTISS, MARSHALL W., Restriction on International Trade. Why Do they Persist? THE FREEMAN, 9/71, 7pp, in PEACE PLANS 1761-1763, p.93. - The answer of Prof. Edgard Milhaud, Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen und Ulrich von Beckerath, is: The issue, acceptance, value reckoning and rating of international clearing house certificates is not free while it should be quite free and well enough publicized and that it would automatically liberate and balance international trade. This answer is still and largely ignored, here, too. - J.Z.

CUSHING, J. P., Development of the Commercial Policies of the United States. Leipzig, 1894.

CUTLER, MRS. HARRY, California Gold Quarters, Halves and Dollars. NUMISMATIC SCRAPBOOK MAGAZINE, (May 20, 1958). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CUTLER, MRS. HARRY, California Minor Gold. CALCOIN NEWS (February, 1958). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CUTLER, MRS. HARRY, Days of Gold, Days of Old, Days of '49. NUMISMATIST 69 (March, 1956). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CUTLER, MRS. HARRY, The Days of '49. CALCOIN NEWS (June, 1955). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

CWIK, PAUL, A Defense of the Traditional Austrian Theory of Interest. - 10/8/2003 - Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute. - Alas, not all URLs can be effectively copied into another file. This is at least one proof. - J.Z.

CWIK, PAUL, An Investigation of Inverted Yield Curveds and Economic Downturns. An Investigation of Inverted Yield Curves and Economic Downturns - - Dissertation, Auburn University, 2004. Roger Garrison, chair. - Online at the Mises Institute.  www.mises.org/etexts/cwik-dissertation.pdf

CYON, E. De, M. Witte et les Finances Russes. Paris, 1895.

CWIK, PAUL, Australian Business Cycle Theory: A Corporate Finance Point of View.  (Mount Olive College) - 3/20/2007 - Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute. - CWIK, PAUL,Vol. 11 Num. 1 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

CWIK, PAUL, Recession Economics and Non-Neutral Money. (Mount Olive College) - 3/31/2009 - Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute.

CYBERHAVEN, Cyberhaven - The Cyberhaven domain is a web home to a variety of separate sites having unifying themes of liberty, libertarianism, capitalism, individualism, free enterprise, and free markets. It has good coverage of books on these subjects. - www.cyberhaven.com/ - Roy Davies - At least originally most of its articles seem to have come from FEE. - Are all of FEE’s texts digitized by now? - J.Z., 10.2.10. THE FREEMAN is, by now. J.Z., 27.6.10.

 

D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D

D’IVERNOIS, Sir FRANCIS, A cursory view of the Assignats, &c. Translated into English, London, 1795. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

D’IVERNOIS, Sir FRANCIS, Etat des Finances Françaises. London, 1796. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DÄBRITZ, WALTHER, Gründung und Anfänge der Disconto-Gesellschaft Berlin. Ein Beitrag zur Bank- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte Deutschlands in den Jahren 1850 bis 1875. München & Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1931. - SMITH, VERA C.

DACEY, W. MANNING, Money Under Review. London, 1960. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

DACEY, W. MANNING, The British Banking Mechanism. London, 1951. 2nd ed. 1958. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling. - How effective would our machines and automatons be, as productive mechanisms, if every detail of them were prescribed or dependent upon governmental permission by laws and regulations? Why should one assume that all banking and all economic “mechanism” could best be run or controlled by governments, any more than e.g. all religions, all philosophies, all scientific, literary, artistic and technological developments? Aren’t there already enough examples of failures and of crises caused by governments? - J.Z., 27.6.10.

DACEY, W. MANNING, The Outlook for the Discount Market. BANKER, Vol. XXXII, Oct.-Dec. 1934, pp. 167-74. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - Under the laws and regulations of territorial governments it is rather grim. - J.Z., 27.6.10.

DAHLMANN, F. C., Geschichte von Dänemark. Hamburg, 1843, 3 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DAHLMANN, T., A Refutation of Cobbett's Doctrine of Paper Money. 1839. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

DAHLMANN, T., Refutation, &c, and Scheme to Improve the Currency through the aid of Paper. London, 1839. Pamphlet. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DAHN, Prof. Dr. Felix, Deutsches Rechtsbuch. Ein Spiegel des heutigen bürgerlichen Rechts in Deutschland. Nördlingen, Druck & Verlag der C. H. Beck’schen Buchhandlung, 1877, mit alphabetischem Register: 466pp. - „... wer hat denn den Staat genehmigt? Ohne ‚Genehmigung’ ist er entstanden: nicht einmal die Anerkennung andrer Mächte ist Voraussetzung seiner Entstehung.“ - S. 80. Gegen Zwangskurs: S. 326/27. Über Verrechnung, Abrechnung, clearing houses, Compensation, Cession, Delegation, Abschreibung etc., S. 341ff. S.343: „Die Einlösbarkeit in Bar gehört sowenig zum Papiergeld wie Zwangscurs, obzwar letzteres lebhaft bestritten wird. - Sofern nicht Prohibitivgesetze im Wege stehen, kann jeder Private Papiergeld (ein ‚Papiergeldregal’ kann aus dem Münzregal nicht abgeleitet werden), schaffen und ausgeben, es fragt sich nur, ob er Abnehmer findet.“ - Über autonome Rechtsgemeinschaften & „personal law“: S. 95, 57-59. - As old a book can still be superior, in several ways, to most of the modern ones. - J.Z., 10.7.10. - JZL.

DAILY JOURNAL, Holocaust Could Happen Again. (May 20, 1978). Journal Hill, Route 1, Franklin, IN 46131. Hint by David E. Rhoads, in 1979. Address now, probably, out of date but it could, possibly, be found online. According to Rhoads, who reproduced this article in his small brochure, “The FED Did It”. His use of “holocaust” refers to any monetary and financial holocaust. - J.Z., 11.3.10.

DAIN, FLOYD R., Every House a Frontier: Detroit's Economic Progress, 1815-1825. Detroit: Wayne [State] University Press, 1956. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DAIRE, EUGENE, Economistes-financiers du xviii-eme siecle. Paris, 1843. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DALBERG, RUDOLF, Die Entwertung des Geldes. [The Depreciation of Money]. Carl Heymanns Verlag. Berlin 1919. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90. - What percentage of writers and lecturers on this subject do ascribe the basic course rightly to a) the issue monopoly and b) to legal tender laws for monopoly monies? - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DALTON, G., Tribal and Peasant Economies. (ed.) 1981. - Joe Cribb (1986).

DALTON, RICHARD & HAMER, SAMUEL, The Provincial Token Coinage of the Eighteenth Century. London, England, 1910-22. - “Basic source on this voluminous series, which includes many items directly related to American numismatics, including the Washington issues.” - Alexander, Coin World, Cat. & Encyclopedia - The Standard work on eighteenth century tokens reprinted in one volume. There are 567 pages listing 6,845 tokens of which 4,717 are the principal varieties, the majority of which are illustrated. - SEABY'S NUMISMATIC PUBLICATIONS, London, by 1970: £14-50

DALTON, RICHARD, The Silver Token Coinage 1811-12. A new reprint of the standard work on silver tokens, first published in 1922. Each token is illustrated in text, 63 pages. With additional list of valuations. - SEABY'S NUMISMATIC PUBLICATIONS, London, by 1970: £3-50.

DALY, HERMAN E., & JOHN B. COBB, Jr., For the Common Good: Redirecting the Economy Toward Community the Environment, and a Sustainable Future, Second Edition. Boston: Beacon Press, 1994. - www.reinventingmoney.com - Everyone and every association should only attempt to direct its own part of the economy. Everything else amounts to economic, or, rather, uneconomic, imperialism, without any moral or ethical foundation. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DAM, KENNETH W., From Gold Clause Cases to the Gold Commission: A Half Century of American Monetary Law. University of Chicago Law Review 50 (1983): 510-11. - Steven L. Green, July 86. - This legislation has nothing to do with genuine law but much with arbitrary decrees. - J.Z., 27.6.10.

DAM, KENNETH W., The Legal Tender Cases. SUPREME COURT REVIEW (1981): 381-82. On the U. S. Constitution's intended prohibition of fiat money. - White, Competition & Currency. - Does there exist any constitution or supreme court or parliament that did uphold, sufficiently, any, many or all basic monetary and financial rights and liberties? Should we rely on them any longer? - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DAMPIER, Sir WILLIAM CECIL, A History of Science. Cambridge, at the University Press, New York, 1961. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

DANA, CHARLES A., Proudhon and his Bank of the People. New York Tribune, 1849, 1950, published in Henry Cohen's Proudhon's Solution of the Social Problem, introduced by B. R. Tucker in 1896, 24x, in PEACE PLANS 57-60, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 544. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - DANA, CHARLES, Proudhon's Bank of the People, http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/anarchist_archives/proudhon/dana.html - On my own I will not even try to find and add valid links to each of the titles, whenever I could not effectively copy and insert them here. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DANIELS, NORMAN, Reading Rawls: Critical Studies of A Theory of Justice. ed., Blackwell, Oxford 1975. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

DANIELS, WINTHROP MORE, Elements of Public Finance, Including the Monetary System of the United States. N. Y., Holt, 1899. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - Centralism and monopolism are so bad - also when it comes to money, value standards and finance, that one may well call the central banking system and tax-tribute gathering: a system directed against free and sound exchange and free and sound financing. - Public finance largely destroys and, anyhow, parasitically lives on private finance. - J.Z., 2.5.10.

DANNER, V. E., Protecting the Bank Deposits. - THE AMERICAN REVIEW OF REVIEWS 49, Feb. 1914, 216-20. - Wells & Scriggs. - They should not be merely “protected”, but, rather, properly invested, under conditions and on terms agreed-upon with the depositors. - J.Z., 11.6.10.

DARBY, MICHAEL R., Macroeconomics. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1976. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

DARBY, MICHAEL R., The U.S. Economic Stabilization Program of 1971-1974. in Michael Walker (ed.), The Illusion of Wage and Price Control. Vancouver, Canada: The Fraser Institute, 1976, pp. 136-37. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

DARBY, MICHAEL, Three-and-a-Half Million U.S. Employees Have Been Mislaid: Or, an Explanation of Unemployment, 1934-41. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 84 (February 1976): 1-16. - Darby argues that persons on government work relief should be counted as employed. During the early years of the Depression, however, unemployment was very high but work relief programs were insignificant. Even with Darby's statistics, unemployment for the Depression years averages 14 percent. Furthermore, work relief programs were closer to welfare programs to support those who could not find work, than to jobs that would have otherwise existed in the private sector. See Jonathan Kesselman and N. E. Savin, "Three-and-a-Half Million Workers Were Never Lost," ECONOMIC INQUIRY, April 1978: 205-25. - Tyler Cowen, Why Keynesianism Triumphed or, Could so Many Keynesians Have Been Wrong?

DARIMON, ALFRED, De la Réforme des Banques. [Über die Reform der Banken.] Paris 1856. 87. - MARX.

DARLAND, LLOYD, Feature on his gold certificate issues in THE RECORD, Oct., 1979, in PEACE PLANS 787.

DARLAND, LLOYD, The Emperor’s Clothes Cost Twenty Dollars. This book is about the difference between Federal Reserve Notes and honest money. First edition 1977, second edition, revised, 1980, 38pp, 24x, in PEACE PLANS 288. - Lloyd E. Darland, 658 Brenda Lane, Aberdeen, Maryland 21001, (301) 272-1807. All Rights Reserved. 37pp. PEACE PLANS 288. I have not heard of him for decades but he may be still alive and may have put it and other of his writings online. - J.Z., 7.3.10. - JZL.

DARLING, ARTHUR B., Jacksonian Democracy in Massachusetts, 1824 to 1848. in AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, January, 1924, pp.271-88. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

DARLING, ARTHUR B., Political Changes in Massachusetts, 1824-48: A Study of Liberal Movements in Politics. New Haven, 1925. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DARU, PIERRE A. N. BRUNO, Count DARU, Histoire de Venise. Paris, 1853, 9 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DAUGHERTY, MARION R., The Currency-Banking Controversy. unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Chicago, 1941 according to Coppetiers. Microfilm copies exist. Then: (Parts I and II). SOUTHERN ECONOMIC JOURNAL 9: 1942-43. 140-55, 241-51. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.it was published under the same name in SOUTHERN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, October 1942, and January 1943.

DAUGHERTY, RAY, The Passive Capitalist. Property and its Lack of a Relationship with Force. Anti-State.com, December 13, 2004 http://www.anti-state.com/article.php?article_id=447

DAUNCEY, GUY, Ein sicherer Hafen im Sturm. Aus: G. Dauncey: After the Crash, The Emergence of the Rainbow Economy. London 1988. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de - (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

DAVENANT, ARTHUR An Essay on the East India Trade. London, 1696. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

D'AVENANT, CHARLES, Essay Upon the National Credit of England. 1710. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Is national credit any better than giving credit to or putting faith in an invisible, all-powerful, supposedly benevolent God, who, habitually, lets all kinds of massive disasters happen? How many more human, capital, earnings and labor sacrifices should be made to this kind of God or Goddess? Are investments in tax slaves basically right or wrong? - J.Z., 26.5.10.

D'AVENANT, CHARLES, Political and Commercial Works. 1771. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

D'AVENEL, Le Vicomte G., Histoire économique de la Propriété, des Salaires, des Denrées, etc., 1200-1800. Paris, 1894. - Groseclose, (1934).

DAVENPORT, E. E., E. D. Davenport Papers (principally letters from Matthias Attwood, John Rooke, and James Taylor). John Rylands Library, Manchester. - Fetter, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy 1797-1875.

DAVENPORT, H. J., Economics of Enterprise. New York, 1913. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

DAVENPORT, JOHN S., European Crowns 1700-1800. Galesburg, Illinois, 1961. - Schilke & Solomon, America’s Foreign Coins … with Legal Tender Status in the US 1793-1857.

DAVENPORT, JOHN S., European Crowns Since 1800. Buffalo, New York, 1947. - Schilke & Solomon, America’s Foreign Coins … with Legal Tender Status in the US 1793-1857.

DAVENPORT, WILLIAM B., Bank Credit Cards and the Law. THE BANKERS MAGAZINE, Vol. 152, No. 1, Winter 1969. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

DAVENPORT, WILLIAM B., Bank Credit Cards and the Uniform Commercial Code. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

DAVEY, GERALD I., Automating the Credit Inquiry Process. Proceedings, the American Bankers Association National Automation Conference. New York: American Bankers Association, 1967, pp.63-66. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

DAVID, FELIX, Profit Inflation and Industrial Growth. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, LXX, 1956, pp. 441-63. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

DAVIDSON, A. & STRUVE, B. A Complete History of Illinois, 1673 to 1873. Springfield, 1874. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

DAVIDSON, A. C., Central Reserve Banking. Sydney, 1929. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW. - A sound value standard does no more require a “war chest” than a sound measure of length, weight or volume. - George Bernhard Shaw one observed that the 20th century, supposedly enlightened, still upholds more errors, myths, prejudices, superstitions, false assumptions etc. than any other century before it. - Alas, all these errors, myths etc. have not yet been systematically collected, alphabetically published and confronted with their so far best refutations. - Thus they are publicly upheld again and again and turned into “policies”, party platforms, and bureaucratic institutions, even in the best of “democracies” and “republics”. - Perhaps we should start with collection, publishing and refuting all the myths of monetary despotism and those of territorialism. - The name “reserve banking” reminds me also of a remark of Ulrich von Beckerath, that the “best” of “protectionism” is its misleading name, which pretends or assumes that it provides a general protection, when, at best, or worst, it provides only protection for some producers, and this always at the expense of many consumers in any “nation”. - The term already assumes that it does provide protection, just like the term “central reserve banking” assumes that such reserves would be desirable, effective and economical. - Just like primitive tribes, we are still addicted to “word-magic”. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DAVIDSON, A. C., The Economics of Peace. (Macrossan Lecture, 1941), Sydney, 1941. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW. - Under territorialism, with e.g. its monetary and financial despotism, there is not and cannot be a real and lasting peace. - J.Z., 17.3.10.

DAVIDSON, A. C., The Gold Standard in Australia. THE AUSTRALIAN QUARTERLY, No. 4, Dec. 1929, pp.11-17. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW. - To call only one form of it “the” gold standard” is very misleading. - J.Z., 27.6.10.

DAVIDSON, D., Europas Zentralbanken. Upsala 1886. - Obst.

DAVIDSON, GREG, & PAUL DAVIDSON, Economics for A Civilized Society. 1988. New York: Norton. - Where does a genuine free market economist or adherent of a free market find a society that is already civilized enough to be ready for a quite free market and its instututions? Free market relationships can certainly not be realized through majority or minority despotism but only through the equivalents to scientific experimental freedom and religious tolerance - in the political, economic and social spheres. All territorial States suppress these required and very important rights and liberties for all people who would, given the choice, become voluntary adherents to alternative political, economic and social systems. - J.Z., 26.5.10. - Without fully economic freedom a genuinely civilized society cannot exist. Only limited steps towards it can be realized without it. - J.Z., 27.6.10.

DAVIDSON, PAUL, A Keynesian View of Friedman's Theoretical Framework for Monetary Analysis. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, vol. 80, no. 5, September/October 1972. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - How many refutations of the Keynesian view are needed before it is finally given up? - J.Z., 24.4.10.

DAVIDSON, PAUL, Money and the Real World. New York: Halsted Press, 1972. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - 1978. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan.

DAVIDSON, PAUL, Rational Expectations: A Fallacious Foundation for Studying Crucial Decision-Making Processes. 1982-3. JOURNAL OF POST KEYNESIAN ECONOMICS 5 (Winter): 182-97.

DAVIDSON, PAUL, Reviving Keynes' Revolution. 1984. JOURNAL OF POST KEYNESIAN ECONOMICS 6 (Summer): 561-75. - It was not a liberating revolution but, rather, a throw-back to the abuse of absolute monarchism, just like the establishment of any totalitarian regime or despotism in the past and present. He provided a supposedly “scientific” justification for the monetary abuses of the rulers. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DAVIDSON, PAUL, Sensible Expectations and the Long-Run Non-Neutrality of Money. 1987. - JOURNAL OF POST-KEYNESIAN ECONOMICS, 10(1). - Selgin.

DAVIDSON, PAUL, The Keynes Solution: The Path to Global Economic Prosperity. Fall 2009 - The Mises Review - Online at the Mises Institute. - Why call it in terms of the enemy’s propaganda, rather than in terms of its results? It should be called rather something like: The Non-Solution of Keynes, opening a downhill road to a further widespread impoverishment and allowing despotic and warlike regimes to keep going. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DAVIES, BENJAMIN, The Bank Torpedo, etc. New York, 1810. [Davies, Benjamin.] - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - I see in central banks a kind of destroyers firing torpedoes or having legally dropped mine-fields against all free banks. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DAVIES, GLYN, A History of Money. - A History of Money is a great, huge, highly readable account of how we got to here. - Ian Grigg's page on free banking - http://iang.org/free_banking/

DAVIES, RONNIE J., The New Economists and the Old Economists. (Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1971. - An excellent treatment of the emergence of "unorthodox" ideas among professional economists prior to the Great Depression is provided by J. Ronnie Davis.). See 94-9. - Lowell Gallaway & Richard Vedder, The Keynesian Performance.

DAVIES, ROY, Democracy and Government Control of the Money Supply. Democracy and Government Control of the Money Supply - When coins were the predominant form of payment governments controlled minting. The development of modern banking and paper money broke the government monopoly of money creation and fostered the growth of democracy. Although not written from an explicitly libertarian perspective this essay, based on A History of Money from Ancient Times to the Present Day by Glyn Davies, is on a theme of interest to libertarians. - www.ex.ac.uk/~RDavies/arian/government.html - www.ex.ac.uk/~RDavies/arian/llyfr.html - Roy.Davies@exeter.ac.uk

DAVIES, ROY, Is government control of money compatible with freedom of the individual? A collection of links to sources of information on libertarianism and money, banking and finance…, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.798. - Roy.Davies@exeter.ac.uk - http://www.ex.ac.uk/~RDavies/arian/money.html. - I haven’t got the time and energy left to try to include all the latest additions which such sites do offer. - J.Z., 28.2.10.

DAVIES, ROY, Libertarian Views on Money - its Creation and Control. A part of his Home page: www.ex.ac.uk/~RDavies/

DAVIES, ROY, Local and Interest-Free Currencies, Social Credit and Microcredit. 9pp of links, Oct. 00, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.800.

DAVIES, Dr. STEPHEN, contributed articles, including the general introduction, for HAMOWY, RONALD, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, R. H. editor. Sage, 2008. - Email from Sean Gabb, 27.3.10. - But does he take a stand for monetary freedom, too? I have not yet got a copy of this encyclopedia. Hopefully, it will be put online and enlarged there, a much as possible and desirable. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DAVILA, Vida y Hechos del rey Felipe III. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DAVIS, ANDREW MCFARLAND, Ancient Chinese Paper Money as described in a Chinese work on Numismatics. ibidem, vol. 53 (1918), S. 465-647. - Herbert Franke, Geld- & Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft.

DAVIS, ANDREW MCFARLAND, Colonial Currency Reprints. 4 vols., Boston, 1911-1912. (1911?) - Carothers, Fractional Money.

DAVIS, ANDREW MCFARLAND, Currency and Banking in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The American Economic Association. 2 vols. 1900-1901. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

DAVIS, ANDREW MCFARLAND, The Origins of the National Banking System. (National Monetary Commission.) Washington, Government Printing Office, 1910. - Rockoff (1975). VERA C. SMITH.

DAVIS, DAVID, Papers. Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, 111. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

DAVIS, EARLE, Vision Fugitive. Ezra Pound and Economics, The University Press of Kansas, Lawrence/London, 1968, indexed, 213pp. Contains a chapter 4: Money, Credit, and Distribution, p. 69-93. - JZL.

DAVIS, EMERSON, The Half Century; or, A History of Changes ... and Events ... Chiefly in the United States, Between 1800 and 1850. Boston, 1851. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DAVIS, HAROLD E., Economic Basis of Ohio Politics, 1820-40. Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly (October, 1938), XLVII, 290-309. - Remini.

DAVIS, L. J., The money pit', (1991) Best of BUSINESS QUARTERLY, Spring: 82-91. - Dowd

DAVIS, LANCE E. & HUGHES, JONATHAN R. T., A Dollar-Sterling Exchange, 1803-1895." Economic History Review, Second Series, XIII (August, 1960), 52-78. - Temin.

DAVIS, LANCE E. & STETTLER, III, H. LOUIS, The New England Textile Industry, 1825-60: Trends and Fluctuations. in Output, Employment, and Productivity in the United States after 1800. Studies in Income and Wealth, Vol. 30 (New York: Columbia University Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1966). - Temin.

DAVIS, LANCE E. The New England Textile Mills and the Capital Markets: A Study of Industrial Borrowing. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC HISTORY, XX (March, 1960), 1-30. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

DAVIS, LANCE E., & LEGLER, JOHN, The Government in the American Economy, 1815-1902: A Quantitative Study." JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC HISTORY, XXVI (December, 1966), 514-52. - Temin.

DAVIS, NORD, Jr., The Almighty Buck, With recom. by Lloyd Darland, in PEACE PLANS 741/742. - Government bucks, with their centralized power, monopoly and coercion (issue monopoly and legal tender power) are, indeed, all too powerful, but far from benevolent, rightful, stabilizing and wealth promoting. They, too, are nont almighty. They rather cause and prolong crises, as their statistics on deflations, inflations, stagflations, bankruptcies, exchange rates, sales difficulties and mass unemployment prove, again and again. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DAVIS, RICHARD G. & GUTTENTAG JACK M., Are Compensating Balance Requirements Irrational? 1962. JOURNAL OF FINANCE 17(1) (March) 121-126. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

DAVIS, W. J., The Nineteenth Century Token Coinage. 1904, 1969, 1970, 1981. - First published in 1904, this is still the standard reference for 19th century copper tokens and the private countermarked silver. There are 342 pages and 15 plates, and this edition includes an addenda and supplementary plate. - SEABY'S NUMISMATIC PUBLICATIONS, London, New York. - Sanford J DURST. 1979 ed.: JZL, 314 pp, with numerous illustrations & 1 page of references, from which I have no yet extracted further titles for this bibliography. I have to leave some jobs to others! A proper economic evaluation of all these private issues, in spite of the tendency of governments to attempt to suppress or prevent them, is long overdue. The collectors have done their job, magnificently, by comparison. - The number of potential issuers, thus revealed, at least for their times, is astonishing. How many different token issues would be possible, under freedom, as competing local currencies, still readily accepted at par, if all the contrary laws were repealed? - The market could become saturated by them but not overloaded, since none of them would have legal tender power. - J.Z., 14.6.10.

DAVIS, WILLIAM H., Seventy-five Years in California. San Francisco: John Howell, 1929. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

DAVIS, WILLIAM T., The New England States, Their Constitutional, Judicial, Educational, Commercial, Professional and Industrial History. editor. 4 vols. Boston, 1897. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

DAY, CLIVE, History of Commerce. London & N. Y., Longmans, Green & Co., 1907, 1917. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

DAY, J. P., The Money and Banking System of the United States. - G. D. H. Cole. - It would be better characterized as an imposed monopoly system, just like central banking everywhere else. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DAY, Statistical Analysis. Chs XXI-XXIII, on price index numbers. - R. C. Mills & E. R. Walker, Money. 1935-1952.

DAYTON, ABRAM, Last Days of Knickerbocker Life in New York. New York, 1880. - Sobel, The Curbstone Brokers.

De BRUNHOFF, S.,. Marx on Money. 1976. New York: Urizen Books. Eagly, R V. 1972. A Macro Model of the Endogenous Business Cycle in Marxist Analysis. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 80 (May-June): 523-39. - Frank Vorhies

DE KOCK, M. H., Central Banking. 1974, 4th ed., N.Y., St. Martin's Press. - Schuler. - Should one still honor it with the term “banking”? - J.Z., 26.5.10. - I would like to see all the arguments for central banking systematically opposed by their refutations, in an A to Z anthology. For this purpose, probably, thousands if not tens of thousands of books and even more articles and essays ought to be perused. - By now this would be laying siege to one of the main fortresses of the statists or castles of the modern robber barons. - J.Z., 22.6.10.

DE MELO FRANCO, ALFONSO ARINOS, Historia do Banco do Brasil. 4 v., 1973, Rio de Janeiro, Banco de Brazil. - Schuler

DE NARCO, Grundlehren der Finanzwissenschaft. - Good on legal tender, according to Rittershausen. - J.Z.

DE ROOVER, RAYMOND, Business, Banking, and Economic Thought in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.

DE SOTO, JÉSUS HUERTA, A Critical Analysis of Central Banks and Fractional-Reserve Free Banking from the Austrian Perspective, The Review of Austrian Economics, Volume 8, No. 2, 1995. - Nataf + Canning

DE SOTO, JÉSUS HUERTA, A Critical Note on Fractional-Reserve Banking. (1998). THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS, 1 (4), 25-49. - Peter H. Canning

DE WITT, Free Money. Libertarian Social Institute, Bombay.

DEALTRY, WILLIAM, Money, its History, Evils, and Remedy. Albany, 1858. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Did they distinguish sufficiently between theories and hypotheses and all the different kinds of monies, the wrongful, harmful and irrational ones and the rightful, helpful and rational ones? - J.Z., 27.3.10.

DEAN, HENRY CLAY, Crimes of the Civil War, and Curse of the Funding System. Baltimore: J. Wesley Smith and Bro., 1869. - SHADE, G. W. (1972). - Only territorial government and other monopoly funding is basiscally wrong. The voluntary funding of sound investment options, e.g. to achieve old age security, is basically rightful. What governmental propaganda calls a “funding system” may, in reality, be its opposite, based upon confiscations, tribute gathering, forced loans, inflation, compulsory malinvestments in governmental insecurities, devaluations, deflations and repudiations, governmental “deficit-financing” or government bankruptcy. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DEAN, WILLIAM B., Natural Bank Currency and National Bank Currency. 1901, in PEACE PLANS 745.

DEANE, PHYLLIS, New Estimates of Gross National Product for the United Kingdom, 1830-1914. THE REVIEW OF INCOME AND WEALTH 14 (June 1968): 95-112. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

DÉBLOCONS, Une Économie de Marché Sans Capitalisme. 56 large newspaper pages, no date, address. G. ch. Califfe, 201, Geneve, with mainly Gesellian articles, with French Texts by or on Gesell, Woergl, D. Suhr, H. Creutz, F. Schwarz, Klaus l’Allumeur, W. Onken, Proudhon & Bastiat on interest, Fr. Engels, Urjo Rey, Douglas, D. Bloud. - JZL.

DECANIO, STEPHEN J., Expectations and Business Confidence During the Great Depression. Chapter 6 of: SIEGEL, BARRY N., Money in Crisis, editor, 1984. - How much justified confidence can one have under monetary and financial despotism? - J.Z., 24.4.10.

DEEDS, ALLAN K., Krisenfreie Wirtschaft. Eine Volkswirtschaftliche Fibel von Konjunktur und Krise. Friedensverlag, Seeheim, Rorschach/Schweiz, 1946. Indexiert, 111 S. - Auch nur ein Durchschnitts-Gesellianer. - J.Z. - JZL.

DEFOE, DANIEL, Villainy of Stock-Jobbers Detected. 1710. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - The villainy of those pushing governmental insecurities as “securities”, although they are only investments in tax-slaves, is still not widely enough realized. - Private brokers could, mostly, not get away with pushing as many junk bonds and shares. - Maximum publicity and complete freedom for all capital markets would be the best security for it. -J.Z., 29.3.10.

DEHN, JOE, Liberty Bucks Prove Successful. 1p, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 665.

DEIMEL, EDUARD, Der Diskontmarkt. Leipzig. - Siegfried Hirsch, Die Bank, 1923.

DeJAN JOSEPH, DeJAN INSTITUTE, A Challenge to Modern Alchemists. ca. 1970, in PEACE PLANS 547.

DeKOCK, M. H., World Monetary policy after the Present War. THE SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, June, 1941. - Edwin W. Kemmerer, Gold and the Gold Standard.

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, A History of Monetary Crimes. Omni Publications, Hawthorn, Cal., 1967, first published 1899, indexed, with bibliography of his writings, 103pp. - JZL.

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, A History of Monetary Systems. Cambridge Encyclopedia, London, 1900. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933.

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, Barbara Villers. New York, 1899. - Groseclose, Money & Man. (Compare the same title under DEL MAR, M. E. - J.Z.)

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, History of Monetary Systems. London: Effingham Wilson, Royal Exchange, 1895. - www.reinventingmoney.com - (1903) - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1969. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, History of Money in Ancient Countries. London, 1885. - Groseclose, Money & Man. - (Compare the same title under DEL MAR, M. E. - J.Z.)

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, History of Precious Metals. London, 1880. - Carothers, Fractional Money. - New York, 1902. - Groseclose, Money & Man. - History of the Precious Metals. London, 1880. - Carothers

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, History of the Netherlands Monetary System. - www.reinventingmoney.com

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, Money and Civilization: Or, A History of the Monetary Laws and Systems of Various States since the Dark Ages, and their Influence upon Civilization. Originally published 1867. - London, (1886) - a discussion of the monetary practice and theory of the past. - Butchart. - Burt Franklin reprint 1969. Indexed & with bibliography, 428pp. - JZL.

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, Science of Money. 1885. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

DEL MAR, ALEXANDER, The History of Money in America from the earliest times to the establishment of the Constitution, 1899. New York. - Reprint, Hawthorne: Omni Publications, 1966. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold. - New York, Burt Franklin reprint, N.Y. 1968, indexed, with bibliography, 121pp. - JZL.  - www.reinventingmoney.com

DEL MAR, M. E., Barbara Villiers -A History of Monetary Crimes. (Alexander Del Mar?)

DEL MAR, M. E., Essays in Political Economy. NEW YORK SOCIAL SCIENCE REVIEW, 1866.

DEL MAR, M. E., Essays on the World’s Production of Gold and Silver; Relative Value of Gold and Silver; Population and Money; Demonetization of Silver in Germany; The French War Indemnity; Movement of Silver to India; Metallic Standard of Money in the United States; Coinage of the United States; Metallic Standard of Money in the United Kingdom; Monetary System of Austria-Hungary, and Monetary System of China. - Printed in the Report of the U. S. Monetary Commission; Washington; Government Press, 1877.

DEL MAR, M. E., Gold Money and Paper Money. New York, A. D. F. Randolph, 1862, pamphlet.

DEL MAR, M. E., History of Money in America - From the Discovery, to the Foundation of the American Constitution. (Alexander Del Mar? - J.Z.)

DEL MAR, M. E., History of Money in Ancient Countries - from the Earliest Times to the Present. London; Geo. Bell and Sons, 1885,400pp. - ( A mix-up with DEL MAR, ALEXANDER? - J.Z.)

DEL MAR, M. E., History of Money in China. San Francisco; J. R. Brodie and Co., 1880. Pamphlet.

DEL MAR, M. E., History of Money in the Netherlands.

DEL MAR, M. E., History of the Precious Metals - from the Earliest Times to the Present. London; Geo. Bell and Sons, 1880, 373 pp.

DEL MAR, M. E., History of the Rate of Interest. New York; Proceedings of the National Insurance Convention, 1872. Pamphlet.

DEL MAR, M. E., Letter on the Finances. New York, Douglass Taylor, 1868, pamphlet.

DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization. 1885. (Alexander Del Mar? - Were some of the M. E. Del Mar titles sometimes published under Alexander Del Mar, to give them a wider circulation? - J.Z.

DEL MAR, M. E., Roman and Moslem Moneys.

DEL MAR, M. E., The Beneficent Effects of Silver Money during the 17th Century.

DEL MAR, M. E., The Gold Drain and Impending Panic. - NEW YORK SUN, March 15th, 1884.

DEL MAR, M. E., The Politics of Money. - Politics and money make a dangerous mixture. - J.Z., 27.6.10.

DEL MAR, M. E., The Science of Money. London; Geo. Bell and Sons, 124 pp. (Alexander Del Mar? - J.Z.)

DEL MAR, M. E., Theory of Value. San Francisco; Mining and Scientific Press, 1879.

DEL MAR, M. E., Usury and the Jews. San Francisco; I. N. Choynski, 1879. - As if “Christian” prejudices had not forced Jews into the money-business! Would antisemitism still be significant if Jews and Christins had, together, at least advocated monetary and financial freedom? As it was, Jews were, quite wrongly, blamed for the consequences of the lack of monetary and financial freedom, just like the free market and genuine free enterprise capitalismis are still blamed for the consequences of statist economic interventionism. - J.Z., 18.4.10.

DELAMATER, DeWITT, Scrapbook. 2 vols. Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DELIVANIS, DIMITRIOS & CLEVELAND, WILLIAM, Greek Monetary Development 1939-1948. 1950. Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana. - Should an intentional inflation, politically motivated and legally made possible, be simply called a “development”? - Ulrich von Beckerath told me that Greek public servants, whose salaries were not sufficiently adapted to the rate of inflation, dropped their jobs and worked rather as harbour laborers, since these had managed to somehow increase their wages corresponding to the inflation rate. - Statist anti-economics also caused the current crisis in Greek and has so confused Greek minds that free market, free enterprise, free trade, free pricing and self-help alternatives, especially monetary and financial freedom, are hardly considered at all. Help is only expected from the own and foreign governments, although these and their policies caused such crises in the first place! - It was a long time ago that Greeks were intellectual leaders in Europe. - J.Z., 12.6.10.

DELONG, BRAD J. & SUMMERS, LAWRENCE H., Is Increased Price Flexibility Stabilizing? AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 76 (December 1986): 1031-44. - Tyler Cowen, Why Keynesianism Triumphed or, Could so Many Keynesians Have Been Wrong?

DELORS, J., et al. Report on Economic and Monetary Union in the European Community. (1989) Committee for the Study of Economic and Monetary Union, mimeo, Brussels: Office of Official Publications of the European Communities. - Dowd

DELOUME, ANTONIN, Les Manieurs d'Argent a Rome, jusqu' à l’Empire. Paris, 1892.

DEMEULENAERE, STEPHEN, The Online Database of Complementary Currency Systems Worldwide. - Complementary Currency Resource Center. http://www.complementarycurrency.org/ccDatabase/les_public.html

DEMPSEY, B. W. Interest and Ursury. 1948. - K. Ryan, 1990.

DEMPSTER, GREGORY M., & CARILLI, ANTHONY M., Monetary Reform from a Comparative- Theoretical perspective. - Vol. 7 Num. 3 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

DEMSETZ, HAROLD, The Cost of Transacting." QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 82, February 1968: 33-53. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - One should clearly distinguish between the transaction costs under monetary despotism from those under monetary freedom. The over-all sales costs of providers of wanted goods, services and labor will be greatly reduced when these providers are free to issue their own clearing certificates, goods warrants and service vouchers, alone or in suitable association with others, certificates ( or account credits) which, inevitably, will return to them - in payment for what they have to offer. - Naturally, in their own interest and that of their customers and potential acceptors of their issues, they would also choose a sound value standard for their notes and for their prices. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DEMSETZ, HAROLD, Why Regulate Utilities? JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS 11, April 1968, pp. 55-65. - Benjamin Klein. - Why regulate anything through territorial governments, instead of only through communities of volunteers, doing, exterritorially and quite autonomously, their own things - for or to themselves? In which sphere was territorial legislation and bureaucracy ever quite rightful and successful? - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DENISON, MERRIL, Canada's First Bank: A History of the Bank of Montreal. 1967,Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, - Schuler

DENISON, MERRILL, The Power to Go. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1956. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DENIZET, PIERRE, Les Banques Coloniales. Paris, 1899

DENNIS, LAWRENCE, Is Capitalism Doomed? Harper & Brothers, New York, 1932. - Groseclose, Money & Man. - The popular misconception of “capitalism” is certainly doomed. - J.Z., 2.3.10. - A complete free-enterprise-, laissez-faire-, free-market-, free-trade-, anarcho-capitalism has so for never existed as yet, anywhere. This this essay is wrongly titled. - J.Z., 26+.5.10.

DENTON, ARTHUR P., Mt. Ophir Mint. CALCOIN NEWS (February, 1952). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, The Correspondence School, Sydney, Economics, Forms V & VI. No date. My copy may be an incomplete collection of these notes thrown out by the pupils. Retained by me as evidence of their statist mis-education on money, credit, capital, clearing and related subjects. - Topic 7, Money and Banking, has a short segment on The Historical Development of the Clearing House. At least for England it confirms the story of the “walk clerks”, who, on their own initiative, agreed to meet each other at a central point, a pleasant place, the public room of the “Five Bells” tavern off Lombard Street, to exchange cheques and settle the difference in cash, thus saving themselves the chore of many unnecessary “walk-abouts”. The banks approved of the practice and later rented premises for this purpose. - J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, USA, Fees and Charges Handbook for Parks. 24x, in PEACE PLANS 76C. (The government acting as an advisor on how to finance nature preserves privately! - J.Z.)

DEPEW, C., One Hundred Years of American Commerce. (ed.) 2 vols. N.Y., 1896. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

DEPOSITORY TRUST CO. OF ELYSIA, Open YOUR Security Account. 2pp, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 740.

DEPPE, H.-D., Zur Rentabilitäts- und Liquiditätsplanung von Kreditinstituten. WELTWIRTSCHAFTLICHES ARCHIV 1961, Heft 2. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

DER DRITTE WEG, Zeitschrift fuer Freiwirtschaft. Freisoziale Union (FSU) - Demokratische Mitte, Feldstrasse 46, 2000 Hamburg 36, Tel. (040) 4 39 97 17. - (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

DERIX, Prof. Em., HANS-HERBERT, Säkulare Inflation, kompetitive Geldordnung und "unbeschränkte Demokratie". Zur Bedeutung und Problematik der politischen Theorie der Inflation. ISBN: 3828252842". Diese wiederum wurde von Prof Roland Vaubel, rezensiert. - Prof. Derix was then living in Köln. - T.M.

DERMITZEL, G., DAMM, W. & RICHEBÄCHER, K.: Das Bankwesen im Gemeinsamen Markt. Baden-Baden 1962. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

DES ESSARS, PIERRE, A History of Banking in the Latin Nations. 1896, in: A History of Banking in all the Leading Nations, N.Y., Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin. - Schuler

DESMARETS, NICHOLAS, Memoire sur l'administration des Finances, depuis le 20 Février, 1708, jusqu'au 1ère Septembre, 1715. Paris. Reprint, 1789. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DESPAUX, ALBERT, L’Inflation dans l'Histoire. Paris, 1922. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

DESSAUER, M., Die Big Five. Zur Charakterisierung der englischen Depositenbanken. Stuttgart 1933. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

DESTINY WORLDWIDE NET, E-mails of 31.7.01 of Ken Griffith & Rachel Douglas on steps towards a gold standard in China and Russia, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.549.

DESTINY WORLDWIDE NET, Notes on money & Alan Greenspan. 28 Dec. 01& 6.1.02. 4pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.573. - One of the writers is: JIM DAVIDSON davidson@netq.net - www.cambist.net/

DESTLER, CHESTER MCARTHUR, American Radicalism, 1865-1901. Chicago, 1966. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks. - How “radical” were the Jacksonians? - J.Z.

DÉTIEUX, MARCEL, La Question Monétaire en Indo-Chine. Paris, 1907.

DETROIT CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION, Constitution. Detroit: John F. Eby & Co., 1883. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DETROIT SAVINGS BANK, Plan for Savings in Small Sums (5, 10, 25 and 50 cents) adopted in June, 1890 by the Detroit Savings Bank. Detroit, 1890. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DEUSEN, GLYNDON G. VAN, Some Aspects of Whig Thought and Theory in the Jacksonian Period." American Historical Review (January, 1959), LXIV, 305-322. - Remini.

DEUSEN, GLYNDON G., VAN, The Jacksonian Era, 1828-1848. (New York, 1959)."… is useful as a general survey of the entire age." - Remini.

DEUTSCH, Arbitrage, a more detailed account of market operations and foreign currencies. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947.

DEUTSCH, REINHARD, Goldige Vorurteile. 3 S.: in PEACE PLANS 1588, p. 48. - Über die “klassische” Goldwährung. - It also embodied „classical“ errors, wrong assumptions, false conclusions and untenable dogmas. Instead of removing what was still wrong and anti-economic about it, while maintaining what was rightful and voluntary about it, it was altogether abolished except in the minds of gold bugs, who want to restore it in all its old and supposed “glory”, with all its remaining flaws, and who are not interested in establishing only its rightful and economic aspects, especially the voluntary and quite free use of gold weight units as value standards for all kinds of exchange media and clearing certificates, for gold clause investment securities, for the pricing of goods, service and labor in such weight units used merely as value standards or optional, not obligatory means of payment, a creditor may demand. This can be done without ever promising metallic redemption but merely payment or redemption in gold weight values, not gold coins or bullion, up to the nominal gold weight value agreed upon, and this in any kind of exchange media or clearing certificates or account credits that creditors and debtors can agree upon, also, possibly, at a discount-rate that is just to and agreed upon by both sides. - Gold-weight accounting or gold clearing value standard, instead of a gold-redemption value standard, for all but the true believers in gold coin redemptionism! If they wish it for themselves. Redemptionism only for the redemptionists, a their expense and risk.- J.Z., 10.7.10.

DEUTSCHE BUNDESBANK, Das Papiergeld im Deutschen Reich 1871-1948. Frankfurt/M. 1965. - Albert Pick

DEUTSCHE BUNDESBANK, Deutsches Papiergeld 1772-1870. Frankfurt/M., 1963. - Albert Pick

DEUTSCHE BUNDESBANK, Die Noten der Deutschen Bundesbank. Frankfurt/M. 1964. - Albert Pick

DEUTSCHE BUNDESBANK, Frühzeit des Papiergeldes. Frankfurt/M 1970. - Albert Pick.

DEUTSCHER BUNDESTAG, Subventionen im Bundeshaushalt. 3. Wahlperiode, Drucksache 1229, 28. Juli 1959. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

DEUTSCHE FESTMARK BANK, WIRTSCHAFTS-BERICHT, 31.12.1931, 16 S., mit Beiträgen von Ulrich von Beckerath and Dr. Ramin, 360 Kbs in RTF, 52 Kbs zipped. JZem.

DEUTSCHER ÖKONOMIST, Die deutschen Banken. 1919. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

DEUTSCHER SPARKASSEN- & GIROVERBAND, Die Problematik der Mindestreserven. 1952. - Rittershausen, Wirtschaft, 1960 Auflage.

DEUTSCHER, ISAAC, Soviet Trade Unions. Hyperion Press, Westport, Connecticut, 1973. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

DEW, THOMAS R., Essay on the Interest of Money and the Policy of Laws against Usury. Shellbanks, Virginia, 1834. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - What percentage of all laws was ever proven to be quite rightful and useful, rather than wrong and harmful? Herbert Spencer once proposed such a survey of English laws. Alas, to my knowledge, it has not yet been undertaken. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

DEW, THOMAS R., Lectures on the Restrictive System. Richmond, 1829. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. There are numerous restrictive systems, criminal, natural and legal ones (wrongly called “lawful” ones). Thus the word “the” in this title is very much out of order. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

DEW, THOMAS R., The Great Question of the Day. Washington, Thomas Allen, 1840. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Selging. - At any time there are many great questions, although some of them are all too rarely uttered and sufficiently answered. A title should indicate the contents. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

DEWALD, W. G., The National Monetary Commission: a look back. (1972) JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING, 4, pp.930-56. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

DEWEY, DAVID RICH, Financial History of the United States. New York: Longman's, Green and Co., 1895ff., London - Bombay 1903. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - New York, 1909. - 7th ed. New York, 1920. New York, 1924. - Carothers, Fractional Money. - New York: Longmans, Green, 1931. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - New York, Kelley, 1969. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis. - (Rittershausen intended - 8 May 48 - to reprint from it - on monetary freedom. - J.Z.) - Does not most historical experience speak against entrusting any money or value standard to any territorial government and its institutions? - J.Z., 4.4.10. In all fairness, the instances where governments have stuck with a sound value standard, for a long time, should also be listed. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DEWEY, DAVID RICH, History of State Banking Before the Civil War. (National Monetary Commission.) Washington, 1910. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - State Banking Before the Civil War. in Publications of the National Monetary Commission, Vol. 4. Washington D.C., Government Printing Office, 1910 -1912. - Smith, Vera C.

DEWEY, DAVID RICH, The Second Bank of the United States. (National Monetary Commission.) Washington, 1910. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

DEWING, A. S., The Financial Policy of Corporations. 5. Aufl., New York 1953. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

DEWITT WARNER, JOHN, see WARNER

DIAMOND, DOUGLAS W., & DYBVIG, PHILIP H., Bank Runs, Deposit Insurance and Liquidity. 1983. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 91(3) (June 1963). pp.401-19. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - The cooperative and note-issuing banks of shop associations would love runs with their kind of shop foundation money on the shops of their members! They could restock their shelves very rapidly. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DIAMOND, DOUGLAS W., Financial intermediation and delegated monitoring. (1984) REVIEW OF ECONOMIC STUDIES 51: 393-414. - Dowd

DIAMOND, SIGMUND, The Reputation of the American Businessman. Cambridge, Mass., 1955. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DIAZ, TINA, Viet clamp on greenback to strengthen the dong. Vietnamese authorities want to end the country’s love affair with the US dollar by revamping the image of local currency. - THE AUSTRALIAN, 27.9.94, on a government decision on October 1, marking the first step in a national drive to boot out the dominant dollar. “From October 1, it will be illegal for most enterprises, including those with foreign owned capital, to trade in foreign currency.” - According to the article, and a conservative estimate, $US 600 million in US notes circulate in Vietnam. - I microfilmed the article somewhere in PEACE PLANS. - J.Z. - JZL. - Is the U.S. dollar good enough to justify “love” or only good enough compared with some other governmental currencies and their “value standards”? - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DICK, ERNST, The Interest Standard of Currency. G. Allen & Unwin, London. First published 1925. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934. - Merely “judging” it by the title, I would already reject it as one of the nonsensical money reform proposals. However, no further prohibitions but full experimental freedom for all foolish enough to wish to adopt an objectively flawed system for themselves. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

DICK, MARGARET, What to Do when the Cash Flow Stops? SAVVY, July 82, 2pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 865.

DICKENS, CHARLES, American Notes for General Circulation. Vol. XVII of The Works of Charles Dickens, library edition. Boston, 1867. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DICKENS, CHARLES, Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit. London, 1844. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DICKESON, MONTROVILLE W., The American Numismatic Manual. Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1865. - “A major effort for the early years of American numismatics, triggered lively sparring with New York's Augustus Sage.” - Alexander, Coin World, Cat. & Encyclopedia

DICKINSON, JOHN, The Gold Decisions. UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA LAW REVIEW 83 (April 1935): 715-25. - "It is not going too far to say that on the precedents and from the standpoint of constitutional law, it would have been far more revolutionary for the Supreme Court to have decided against the validity of the recent legislation than as they did decide." - (Dickinson, "The Gold Decisions," 715). - Steven L. Green, July 86. Apart from his redemptionist bias, I found Paul Bakewell’s :What Are We Using for Money”, D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., 1952, very informative on this subject. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DICKINSON, JOHN, The Late Regulations Respecting the British Colonies on the Continent of America Considered. Philadelphia, 1765. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

DICTIONAIRE DE ECONOMIE POLITIQUE, 2 tom. Paris, 1852, is supposed to contain many entries on free banking. - J.Z.

DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN HISTORY, James T. Adams, editor in chief. 6 vols. New York: Scribner's, 1940. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DICTIONARY OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, Edited by R. H. I. Palgrave, 3 vols., London, 1894-1899. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

DIE BANK, Herausgeber Alfred Landsburgh (Argentarius), Anfang jedes Monats, 1922. - Anzeige in einem seiner Bücher.

DIE REICHSBANK 1876-1900, Denkschrift. Jena 1900. - Die Verfasser glaubten, wahrscheinlich, immer noch durch die Reichsbank etwas Gutes und Rechtmässiges erreicht zu haben. - J.Z., 14.3.10.

DIEHL KARL, & MOMBERT, PAUL, Ausgewählte Lesestücke zum Studium der politischen Ökonomie. 1912. Bis zum Jahre 1920 erchienen die folgenden folgende Bände: Band I. Zur Lehre vom Geld. I. Teil, II. Der Arbeitslohn, III. Von der Grundrente, IV. Wert und Preis. I. Teil, V. Wert und Preis. II. Teil, VI. Bevölkerungslehre, VII. Wirtschaftskrisen, VIII., Kapitalzins und Unternehmergewinn. IX. Freihandel und Schutzzoll, X. Zur Lehre vom Geld, II. Teil. - In Vorbereitung: Band XI und XII. Sozialismus, Kommunismus, Anarchismus. - 1920, Karlsruhe i.B., G. Braunsche Hofbuchdruckerei und Verlag. - Das Staatsschuldenproblem, in: Lesestücke zum Studium der politischen Ökonomie, Karlsruhe 1923. - Ausgewählte Lesestuecke zum Studium der politischen Ökonomie, Vom Gelde, 1910, 1912, Neuauflage, Ullstein Buch, mit Einführung von Rudolf Hickel, 1979, 411pp, mit Auszügen von e.g. A. Wagner & J. Horn. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. -

DIEHL, CHARLES, History of the Byzantine Empire. (Translated by Geo. B. Ives). Princeton, 1925. - Groseclose, Money & Man. - (Karl Diehl? - J.Z.)

DIEHL, KARL & MOMBERT, PAUL, Ausgewählte Lesestücke zum Studium der politischen Ökonomie. Herausgegeben von K. D. & P.M., 5. Band, Wert und Preis, II. Abteilung, Karlsruhe i.B., G. Braunsche Hofbuchdruckerei und Verlag, 1920, 237 S. Enthaelt: Rodbertus, Zur Erkenntnis unserer staatswirtschaftlichen Zustände. I. II. V. ( Titel und S. 1-62 & S. 135-175), auf S.1ff. - MARX, KARL, Lohn, Preis und Profit. (Titel und S. 17-46), auf S. 87ff. - - BÖHM-BAWERK, I. Abschnitt: Der Wert. II. Abchnitt: Der Preis. (Titel und S. 135-179 und 189-248), auf S. 132ff. - - MARSHALL, Handbuch der Volkswirtschaftslehre. Anmerkungen über Ricardos Werttheorie. (Titel und S. 477-486), auf S. 225ff. - Ulrich von Beckerath schätzte die Auslesen dieser Verfasser hoch ein. - J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL.

DIEHL, KARL & MOMBERT, PAUL, Ausgewählte Lesestuecke zum Studium der politischen Ökonomie. Herausgegeben von K. D. & P.M., Vom Gelde, mit einer Einführung von Rudolf Hickel, „Die Lehre vom Geld - neu betrachtet. Zwei Bände in einem: 1.) 215 S., 2.) 193 S., jeder mit Liste weitere empfohlener Schriften. Inhalt: Rudolf Hickel: Die Lehre vom Geld - neu betrachtet. VII S. Erster Band: Karl Diehl: Einleitung: 1 - - - Philipp Wilhelm von Hornigk: Österreich über alles: 21. Johann Heinrich Gottlob von Justi: Staatswirtschaft: 27 - - -Thomas Mun: England’s Treasure by Foreign Trade: 34 - - - David Hume: Vom Geld [Of Money]: 47 - - - David Ricardo: Der hohe Preis der Edelmetalle [The high Price of Bullion]: 62 - - - N. W. Senior: Drei Vorlesungen über den Wert des Geldes [Three Lectures on the Value of Money]: 104 - - - J. Helferich: Von den periodischen Schwankungen im Wert der edlen Metalle: 150 - - - Karl Knies: Das Geld: 184 - - - Georg Friedrich Knapp: Die Währungsfrage vom Staat aus betrachtet: 202 - - - Literaturangaben: 215. Zweiter Band: Einleitung von K. Diehl: 1 - - - I. Zur Papiergeldtheorie: John Law, Money and Trade considered, Kapitel VII: 12 - - - II. Zur Währungsfrage: a) Doppelwährung: M. Wolowski, L'or et l'argent, S. 1-32: 33. b) Goldwährung: L. Bamberger, Reichsgold, Kap.10 bis 14: 52 - - - III. Zur Theorie der Banknotendeckung: a) Currency-School: Samuel Jones Loyd, Thoughts on the Separation of the Departments of the Bank of England. S.1-55: 72. - - - b) Banking-School: a) John Fullarton, On the Regulation of Currencies, Kap. IV und V: 90. b) Adolph Wagner, System der Zettelbankpolitik. Das continentale oder deutsche System S.252 bis 254, Die praktische Bewährung des continentalen Deckungssystems S. 347-353: 116. - - - IV. Zur Frage: Zentralisation oder Dezentralisationdes Notenbankwesens: a) J. E. Horn, Bankfreiheit, Kap. VI, Abschnitt XVIII bis XXII, S.412-425: 124. - b) M. L. Wolowski, La question des Banques, 1. Abschnitt, S.1322: 135. - - - V., Zur Theorie der Wechselkurse: G. J. Goschen, The Theory of the Foreign Exchanges, Kap. 1-4: 141 Literaturangaben für weiteres Studium: 194. - - - Even now it may be difficult to get the printed or digitized full texts of these works. - J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL.

DIEHL, KARL & MOMBERT, PAUL, Zur Lehre vom Geld. Band X. (Ausgewählte Lesestücke.) Karlsruhe 1912. - Max Franzke, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? 1931.

DIEHL, KARL, Die Bedeutung der wissenschaftlichen Nationalökonomie usw. (*), JAHRBÜCHER FUER NATIONALÖKONOMIE UND STATISTIK, dritte Folge, Bd. XXXVII, 1909, S. 289-315; S. 310. - Knapp. - (*) Als Nationalökonomie ist sie unvermeidlich unwissenschaftlich! - J.Z.

DIEHL, KARL, Die Entwicklung der Wert- und Preistheorie im 19. Jahrhundert. In: Sammelwerk „Entwicklung der deutschen Volkswirtschaftslehre im 19. Jahrhundert. I. Teil, Leipzig 1908. - Diehl & Mombert, Wert und Preis I, 1912.

DIEHL, KARL, Eine neue Theorie des Geldes. In: BANK-ARCHIV, V. Jahrgang, 1906, Nr. 21; der Sonderdruck) hat 20 S. in 8°. - Knapp.

DIEHL, KARL, Proudhon - Seine Lehre und sein Leben. (1888-96) - GRÜNES LAND, Inflation und Arbeitslosigkeit sind Betrug mit Falschgeld, 1974. - (Gesellians! - J.Z.)

DIEHL, KARL, Sozialwissenschaftliche Erläuterungen zu David Ricardos Grundgesetzen der Volkswirtschaft und Besteuerung. 2 Bände, Leipzig 1905. - Diehl & Mombert, Wert und Preis I, 1912.

DIEHL, KARL, Über Fragen des Geldwesens und der Valuta während und nach dem Kriege. Jena 1918, 140 S.. - Obst + Knapp

DIERSCHKE, K. & MÜLLER, F., Die Notenbanken der Welt. editors, 1926,, 2 v., Berlin, Verlag für bargeldlosen Zahlungsverkehr, R. Gruegens. - Schuler.

DIETERLEN, P., La Restauration des Monnaies Européennes. Sirey 1960. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - It is one of the most common popular errors that anything can be reversed. Try to revive a soldier driven over by a heavy tank! - J.Z., 22.6.10.

DIEUDONNE, MARCEL, Le neant monétaire. Pamphlet 16pp, published 1965 by Marcel Renoulet, Les Editions de L'Homme Libre, France. (JZL. FB? Unfortunately, my French is not sufficient to understand it. - J.Z.)

DILLARD DUDLEY, The Economics of J. M. Keynes. London, 1950. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy. - Does it deserve the term economics? It has more to do with statism than with economics. - J.Z., 22.6.10.

DILLARD, DUDLEY, The Theory of a Monetary Economy. Kurihara, K., ed., Post-Keynesian Economics. Rutgers University Press 1954 and George Allen & Unwin, London 1955. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

DILLAYE, STEPHEN D., The Money and the Finances of the French Revolution of 1789. Phila., 1877. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DILLEN, J. G. van, History of the Principal Public Banks. (Ed). (The Hague 1934). - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England. - How would history have run without the wrongful and coercive interventionism of these banks? - J.Z., 25.3.10.

DILLISTIN, WILLIAM H., Bank Note Reporters and Counterfeit Detectors, 1826-1866. New York: American Numismatic Society, 1949. - Rockoff (1975).

DILLON, MALCOLM, The History and Development of Banking in Ireland, from the Earliest Times to the Present Day. Dublin, 1889.

DILLON, RICHARD H., Rejoice Ye Thieves and Harlots. CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY 37 (June, 1958). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

DILORENZO, THOMAS J., Bush’s Recession. - January 1992 - The Free Market - Online at the Mises Institute.

DILORENZO, THOMAS J., Gen. Longstreet Wars for Gold. - January 1996 - The Free Market - Online at the Mises Institute. FB?

DILORENZO, THOMAS J., The Federal Reserve and Political Corruption. May 2000 - The Free Market - Online at the Mises Institute.

DILORENZO, THOMAS J., The Myth of the "Independent" Fed. THE FREEMAN, 4/97, 6pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.56.

DINARDI, GIUSEPPE, Le Banche di Emissione in Italia nel Secolo XIX. 1953. Turin: Unione Tipografico-Editore Torinese. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

DINARDO, JOSEPH E. The Private Mint of Moffat & Company. By the Author, n.d. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

DINES, JAMES, The Invisible Crash. New York, Random House, 1975. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold.

DIRECTORY OF FREE BANKING PROFESSORS, 1p, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 865. (I would not only like to see a complete listing of the academic scholars but also of all private researchers and people interested in this field. Please send me your compilations and mailing lists. If we do not freely exchange such information, how can we hope to achieve full freedom of exchange? Add whatever private advertising you like and if you want some of this or other LMP fiche in exchange, i.e. if you have a fiche reader, are going to get one and are going to use it, please let me know. Otherwise, I am hesitant to send any from the few I do initially get done. (It is different for the few digitized titles that I am so far able to offer. They can be endlessly and cheaplyl duplicated and combined on discs.) My own listing in PP 657 is all too outdated & the lists I have seen so far are all too short. Subscribers to my MONETARY FREEDOM NEWSLETTER - AND MICROFICHE were far too few to bother listing them. Once there had been more than 100, I would have gladly seen someone else taking over the paper part of it. - That newsletter was discontinued with issue 5 for lack of interest. This 4 issue set is available from me digitized. - By now a similar newsletter, either put online or sent upon subscription via email attachment, would be a possibility. But it goes beyond my present available time and energy. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DISCONTO CASSE, The founder of this French institution favored, already in 1848, a renunciation of the claim to convertibility. - Hint by Ulrich von Beckerath.

DISCOUNT COUPONS, American, 14 million a week processed at CPA, 1985, 1p, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 731.

DISCUSSION, A JOURNAL FOR FREE SPIRITS. ed. by Laurance Labadie, Detroit, Mich., vol. 1, Nos. 6 & 7, 1937, with extensive free banking discussion, in PEACE PLANS 740. -The rest of these issues are wanted for digitizing, unless someone has already done it. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DISNEY MONEY, a clipping and a note, 1987, in PEACE PLANS 731.

DISTRIBUTISTS: The Distributists' Programme. - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

DITTMER, H., Depositenbanken eines Agrarlandes. Jena 1913. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

DIVERSE ASPECTS DE L'ANARCHISME & L'IDEE DOMINANTE, 28pp pamphlet, with contributions by Labadie, Meulen, Mackay & Cleyre. - Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection

DOANE C. RUSSELL, & HILLS, EDWARD J., Investment Trusts and Funds from the Investor's Point of View. Publications of Am.Inst. f. Ec. Res., by 1960.

DOANE, C. RUSSELL & HARWOOD, E. C., How to Invest Wisely. Publications of Am.Inst. f. Ec. Res., by 1960. - Can it really be done under monetary and financial despotism? - J.Z., 24.4.10.

DOANE, ROBERT R., The Measurement of American Wealth. New York, 1934. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

DOBSON, R.V.G., Bringing the Economy home from the market. Montreal. 1993. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de  (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.) The economy is only home in the market, in a quite free market! - J.Z., 4.3.10. - Can we be safe and prosperous without a free market? - Already the title does not make enough sense to me. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DODD, AGNES F., History of Money in the British Empire and the United States. London, New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1911. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Money has to be taken out of the hands of all imperialists and even out of the hands of all territorialists and to be provided as competitively and soundly as possible, by anyone and any group that can do so. Always with consumer sovereignty towards that “product” or “service” or “tool” or payment method. - J.Z., 26.6.10.

DODD, S. C. T., Combinations: Their Uses and Abuses. N.Y., 1888. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

DODD, WILLIAM E., Expansion and Conflict. Vol. III of The Riverside History of the United States. Boston, 1919. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DODRILL, GORDON, 20,000 Coal Company Stores in the United States, Mexico and Canada. Pittsburgh; Duquesne Lithographic Company, 1971. - Timberlake mentions them in connection of scrip issues by such companies. - In other words, 20,000 instances of at least limited “shop foundation money” - and most economists and most other people have still not learnt enough from these precedents. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DODSON, EDWARD J. to BRIMELOW, PETER, June 19, 89, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.714.

DODSON, EDWARD J. to SCHWENKE, SIEGFRIED, Dec. 28, 1989, 1p, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.716.

DODWELL, D. W., Treasuries and Central Banks especially in England and the United States. London: King, 1934. - Dowd + Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

DOERING, DAVID, California Fractional Gold. First ed. with co-author Doering, Susan. Published by the author(s), Santa Monica, Cal., 1880, 1982. - Alexander, Coin World, Cat. & Encyclopedia.

DOERING, HERBERT, Die Geldtheorien seit Knapp [Monetary Theories since Knapp]. 1921. Greifswald: Ratsbuchhandlung L. Bamberg. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

DOERR, EDD; MENENDEZ, ALBERT J. & SWOMLEY, JOHN M., The Case against School Vouchers. - The Case against School Vouchers, www.questia.com - Recent Book Additions, copied: 11.1.04. - J.Z.

DOLAN, EDWIN G., Equilibrium Puzzle Solving or Extraordinary Science? A review, 2pp, of: KIRZNER, ISRAEL, Editor, Subjectivism, Intelligibility, and Economic Understanding, Essays in Honor of Ludwig M. Lachmann on his 80th Birthday, N.Y.U.P., 1986: in PEACE PLANS 1575/1575, p.221, from MARKET PROCESS. - Only under full monetary freedom can free enterprise production and exchange of the products, services and labor come very close to equilibrium, i.e., will most of the freely issued "tickets" and claims, including electronically handled ones, to goods, services and labor, issued by their owners, alone or in association, be sold (issued), at free market prices (no longer influenced by monetary despotism), i.e., will these tickets be accepted at par with their value standard or at a discount against it - and shortly “redeemed” in these "covers". In this way goods and services would almost sell themselves - assuming that they have already been produced and offered for real needs or wants. - The producers, providers and sellers of services and labors would also provide "demand tokens" for what they have to offer. Such tokens, rationally issued and withdrawn, in convenient forms and denominations, free market rated, could be made widely acceptable, at least locally and freely exchanged into other local currencies. - J.Z., 8.11.1999. - But I would, certainly, not propose a different kind of ticket money for all goods and a different kind of ticket money for all kinds of services and labors. The market, i.e. free individuals, will decide how many and how different kinds of “ticket money” or “shop currency” or clearing certificates will be issued and accepted. My own tickets to LMP microfiche were, certainly, not popular enough. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DOLAN, EDWIN G., The Foundations of Modern Austrian Economics, Edwin G. Dolan, ed., Kansas City: Sheed and Ward, 1976.

DOLGOFF, SAM, The Anarchist Collectives, Workers’ Self-management in the Spanish Revolution, 1936-1939. (editor) Introduction by Murray Bookchin. Black Rose Books, Montreal, Quebec, 1974, It has a short chapter on money and exchange, on pages 70-76, with some images of their local currency issues. - JZL.

DOLL, RAYMOND J. & CASTLE, E. N., Financing Agriculture through Commercial Banks. Kansas City: Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, 1954. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

DOLLARKURSE IN BERLIN 1919-1924 und DOLLAR-GOLDMARK-KURSE 1923-1924. No author or editor mentioned. Druck und Verlag: Berliner Buch- u. Kunstdruckerei, 20 pages of flawed photocopies only.

DOMETT, HENRY, A History of the Bank of New York, 1784-1884. New York, 1898. - Sobel, The Curbstone Brokers.

DOMINION BUREAU OF STATISTICS (Canada), The Canada Year Book. 1905Ottawa. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

DON BELL REPORTS, The Lost Legacy of Roger Sherman. Year 31, no. 23, June 8, 1984, 4pp. - JZL, photocopy.

DONALDSON, JOHN, The Dollar. New York, 1937. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Fiscal Reform. London, 188? - LMP wants a copy.

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Labor Capitalisation. London, 1887. - LMP wants a copy.

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Law in a Free State. 1895, 323pp, in PEACE PLANS 485. (FB?)

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Liberty or Law? Liberty & Property Defence League, 1885. - I saw only the cover of this in Meulen's books, in the Goldsmith Collection, 1984. - J.Z.

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Money. 2pp, JUS, 25 Nov. 1887, in PEACE PLANS 803.

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, Principles of Plutology. London, 1876. - Free Banking? - J.Z.

DONISTHORPE, WORDSWORTH, True Money. London, in the 1880-ties. - Copy wanted. See also under JUS. - J.Z.)

DONLON, W. P., United States Large Size Paper Money. 2. Aufl., Utica (U.S.A.) 1970. 11. Aufl., Chicago 1975. - Albert Pick

DONNELLY, IGNATIUS, Caesar's Column: A Story of the Twentieth Century. (pseud. Edmund Boisgilbert, M.D.), Chicago, 1891. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - I read it many years ago and remember it, vaguely, as the prediction of a bloody communist dictatorship, including monetary despotism. - J.Z., 11.6.10.

DONNITHORNE, AUDRY, China's Anti-inflationary Policy. THREE BANKS REVIEW, No.103, September 1974, pp. 3-25. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - As far as I know, its inflation is still going on. - But one does not see much about it in the Western media. - J.Z., 11.6.10.

DONOVAN, FRANK, The Thomas Jefferson Papers. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1963. - Leslie Snyder, Justice or Revolution.

DONOVAN, FRANK, Wheels for a Nation. New York: Crowell, 1965. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DOOLITTLE, JAMES R., Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

DOORN, ROBERT J., A Blueprint for a New Nation. The Structure of the Na-Griamel Federation, a comprehensive plan of government that may signal the return of the concept of individual rights the world over, with a foreword by Sir Harry Schultz. Exposition Press, Hicksville, N.Y.,1979, 97pp. - JZL. - Radically for monetary & financial freedom, with essential principles stated on pp 82-84. I got the author's reproduction permission but, unfortunately, not that of Exposition Press. They may still have copies for sale. - J.Z. If they were wise enough then they would at least experiment with the option of offering the book free online - in order to thereby increase the sales of the printed text. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DORFMAN, C., Wage Politics in Britain. Iowa State University Press, Ames, 1973. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

DORFMAN, J., The Philosophical Anarchists: Josiah Warren, Stephen Pearl Andrews and ‘Philosophical Anarchism’. In: The Economic Mind in American Civilization. 2:671-78 & 3:35-42. NY: Viking, 1946.

DORFMAN, JOSEPH, The Economic Mind in American Civilization, 1606-1918. 3 vols. New York, 1946-1949. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks. - Vol. 3. 1965-1918. New York, Viking, 1949. - Cowen & Kroszner. - Rothbard, in “Money, the State and Modern Mercantilism”, referred to him for an illuminating discussion of Colwell. - [Possibly, that only refers to the following title by Stephen Colwell: “The Claims of Labor and their Precedence to the Claims of Free Trade.” (1861.)] - Too many people still “see” contradictions, where none exist, except in their verbalized notions in their heads. - J.Z., 11.6.10. - Were the Jacksonians merely opposed to privileged or monopoly or State banks or to all banks? - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DORFMAN, JOSEPH, The Jackson Wage-Earner Thesis. AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, LIV (January 1949), 296-306. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DÖRIG, H., Die Mobilisierung von Schuldanerkennungen. Diss., Zürich 1947. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

DORMAEL, ARMAND van, Bretton Woods: The Birth of a Monetary System. Macmillan, London, 1978. - Bareau, The Disorder in World Money.

DORN, JAMES A. & SCHWARTZ, ANNA J., The Search for Stable Money, Essays on Monetary Reform. editors, University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, Co-published by the Cato Institute, 1983, 1986, 1987, indexed, 409pp. 19 contributors are here separately listed. - JZL. - White, Competition & Currency.

DORN, JAMES A., A New Monetary Universe. THE FREEMAN, 11/98, 4pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.63. - Only the electronics is new in electronic clearing. - J.Z.

DORN, JAMES A., The Future of Money in the Information Age. Flyer, 2pp, for the book, from the CATO Institute, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.582

DORN, JAMES A., The Search for Stable Money. ed. CATO JOURNAL 3 (Spring 1981). - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

DORN, JAMES A., The Search for Stable Money: A Historical Perspective. - In Dorn & Schwartz, 1983ff.

DORNBUSCH, RUEDIGER, & FISCHER, STANLEY, Macroeconomics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

DORNBUSCH, RUEDIGER, & FISCHER, STANLEY, Stopping Hyperinflation Past and Present. 1986. WELTWIRTSCHAFTLICHE ARCHIV, 122, 1-47.- According to Ulrich von Beckerath, the best book on currency stabilization and on state paper money generally and its relation to inflation, was and, maybe, still is: JACOB (or JAKOB), LUDWIG HEINRICH von, 1759-1827, Die Staatsfinanzwissenschaft, theoretisch und praktisch dargestellt und erläutert, Halle, 1821, 1823, 1827. - 2. Aufl. 1837. Google today provided me with 61 hints towards this text but none seemed to be the fully digitized text, ready for downloading. - J.Z., 12.6.10. - Also listed under Jakob. He lived from 1759 to 1827. - J.Z., 12.6.10. - Volume 2 is at: http://www.archive.org/details/diestaatsfinanzw02jakouoft - Volume 1 is at: http://www.archive.org/details/diestaatsfinanz00jakogoog - This website information was supplied to me today via email by Michael S. Rozeff. -The files are too big for email transmission. J.Z., 14.6.10.

DORR, HAROLD M., The Michigan Constitutional Conventions of 1835-36: Debates and Proceedings. Ed. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, 1940. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

DORSET, PHYLLIS F., The New El Dorado. London: The Macmillan Company, Collier-Macmillan Ltd., 1970. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

DORSEY, DOROTHY B., The Panic and Depression of 1837-43 in Missouri. MISSOURI HISTORICAL REVIEW, XXX (January 1936) 132-161. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

DORSEY, DOROTHY B., The Panic of 1819 in Missouri. MISSOURI HISTORICAL REVIEW, XXIX,January, 1935, 79-91. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

DORTORT, P., letter to T. M., on monetary freedom, with note by J.Z., in PEACE PLANS 737.

DOS PASSOS, JOHN, A Treatise on the Law of Stock-Brokers and Stock-Exchanges. New York, 1882. - Sobel, The Curbstone Brokers.

DOTY, RICHARD G., Coins of the World. New York: The Ridge Press/Bantam Books, 1976.

DOTY, RICHARD G., Money of the World. A Ridge Press Book, Grosset & Dunlop, New York, 1978, with bibliography and index, 240pp, beautifully illustrated. It offers much of interest to monetary freedom advocates. - JZL.

DOTY, RICHARD G., Paper Money of the World. New York: The Ridge Press/Bantam Books, 1977. - How many of these notes were and are explicitly or implicitly, through their issue monopoly, legal tender notes? How many of them were clearly market-rated, optional and competitive notes, without the issue monopoly and legal tender power and also used a sound enough value standard? Then a further survey should show which ones were inflated and which ones were not. That should be a clear indication of the legal preconditions for inflation. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DOTY, SILE, The Life of Sile Doty, 1800-76. Foreword by Randolph G. Adams. Detroit, 1948. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DOUBLEDAY, T. A., Financial, Monetary, and Statistical History of England. London, 1846. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

DOUGLAS, CHARLES H., Financial History of Massachusetts from the Organization of the Hudson Bay Company to the American Revolution. Columbia College Studies in History, Economies, and Public Law, vol.1, no. 4. N.Y., 1892. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

DOUGLAS, DOROTHY W., Josiah Warren, Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, XV, 364-365. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State.

DOUGLAS, JAMES, Scottish Banknotes. A.I.B. (Scot.), Stanley Gibbons Publications Ltd., London, 1975, 257pp. - JZL. The preface states: “This is the first catalogue to embrace the entire range of Scottish banknotes from 1695 to date.” - With bibliography and list of Scottish Legislation, 1695-1928, a good theoretical introduction, pages 1-9, with interesting remarks on legal tender and samples of notes down to 5 shillings. Numerous illustrations and notes on particular issues.- J.Z., 3.3.10. - JZL.

DOUGLAS, Major C. H., Credit-Power and Democracy. London: C. Palmer, 1920. - Lowell Gallaway & Richard Vedder, The Keynesian Performance. - He was, perhaps, the first founder of one of the by now many different “Social Credit” schools. One of their representatives told me once that there are barely 6 advocates of “Social Credit”, in the whole world, who do fully agree with each other. I got the impression that most of them do share many popular errors, prejudices, wrong assumptions and false conclusions. - But since these various “schools of thought” are still alive, the criticism of them was either not strong or not effectively enough published. Who is to blame for that? - Compare the various “money creation” and “credit creation” hypotheses. - Many of them do quite wrongly assume that we do already have quite free banks and that they do “abuse” their “powers”! - J.Z., 10. 7.10.

DOUGLAS, Major C. H., Economic Democracy. - G. D. H. Cole. Cole classed him merely as a heretic, not as a crank. - The money reform system of most money reformers, like this primary. advocate of “Social Credit” is neither scientific, economic, democratic nor social. Nevertheless, some of the worst of them have found large numbers of converts, even of fanatics. Only freedom to experiment at their own cost and risk has a chance to enlighten them - after a while. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DOUGLAS, Major C. H., The Douglas Manual. 1934. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

DOUGLAS, Major C. H., The Monopoly of Credit. - G. D. H. Cole. - Third, revised ed., Belfast, Sydney: K.R.P. Publications, Ltd., 1951. - www.reinventingmoney.com - Social Credit believers tend to attack banks as monopolists, but not central banks! Just like Communists attack their notions of “capitalists” but not the territoria State as a super-“capitalist.” - What can one expect of people who, for many centuries, over uncounted generations, in spite of all their miseries, still believed in a benevolent God and a benevolent monarch and, in our times, still in “great” territorial leaders? - J.Z., 24.4.10.

DOUGLAS, Major C. H., Warning Democracy. London: C. M. Grieve, 1931. - Lowell Gallaway & Richard Vedder, The Keynesian Performance. - Democracy and monetary despotism is a contradiction in terms. It means that even under formal “democracy” the people are deprived of their monetary rights and liberties, which, all too often and too extensively, leads also to the loss of their other liberties, not only to the loss of the right to migrate freely. Loss of complete free enterprise, freedom of contract, freedom of association and disassociation are also involved in monetary despotism. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DOUGLAS, Major C. H., Wealth, Virtual Wealth, and Debt. - G. D. H. Cole. - I am not inclined to list all of the numerous writings of “Social Credit” advocates, Gesellians, “financial conspiracy” writings and texts that that assert that we are suffering from too much “freedom” in the sphere of “credit - and “money-creation” by private banks, but, rather, only texts that are good refutations of such notions. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DOUGLAS, R., The Principles of Successful Structural Reform. (1990) POLICY, Sydney: Centre for Independent Studies. - Dowd

DOUGLAS, STEPHEN A., Letters. Ed. by JOHANNSEN, ROBERT W., Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1961. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

DOUGLAS, STEPHEN A., Papers. University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

DOUGLASS, W. A, A Summary, Historical and Political ... of the British Settlements in North America. Boston, 1755. (See also "An Essay," 1738, in Davis's Reprints, no.40.) - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

DOUGLASS, W. A., A Discourse Concerning the Currencies of the British Plantations in America, etc. London, 1739. Boston, 1740. Edited by C. J. Bullock. Reprinted in ECONOMIC STUDIES OF THE AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, N.Y., 1897. vol. II, no.5, pp. 265-375.) - Miller +Bogart

DOUTHWAITE, RICHARD, & DAN WAGMAN, Barataria: A Community Exchange Network for the Third System. Strohalm, Oudegracht 42, 3511 AR Utrecht, Holland, 1999. - www.reinventingmoney.com

DOUTHWAITE, RICHARD, Short Circuit. The Lilliput Press Ltd, 4 Rosemount Terrace, Arbour Hill, Dublin, Ireland, 1996. - www.reinventingmoney.com

DOUTHWAITE, RICHARD, The Growth Illusion. How Economic Growth Has Enriched the Few, Impoverished the Many, and Endangered the Planet. Dublin, Ireland: Lilliput Press, 1992 - www.reinventingmoney.com

DOWD, KEVIN & CHAPPEL, DAVID, Option Clauses and Banknote Convertibility. 1988, 21pp, in PEACE PLANS 792.

DOWD, KEVIN & RICHARD H. TIMBERLAKE, Jr., Money And The Nation State. New Brunswick, NJ and London, UK: Transaction Publishers, The Independent Institute, 1998. - www.reinventingmoney.com

DOWD, KEVIN, Adam Smith and the 'Real Bills' Doctrine. 1985, 1st. draft, 20pp, with 10pp of notes by J.Z., in PEACE PLANS 827.

DOWD, KEVIN, Australian free banking. in K. Dowd (ed.) (1992a) The Experience of Free Banking, London: Routledge; chapter 7 of his “Laissez-faire Banking, 1993.

DOWD, KEVIN, Automatic Stabilizing Mechanisms under Free Banking. THE CATO JOURNAL 7, No.3, Winter 88, pp. 643-659. - JZL. - Schuler

DOWD, KEVIN, Financial Contracts. (1992c) Oxford Economic Papers, April.

DOWD, KEVIN, Free Banking and the 'Real Bills' Doctrine. 6pp, an addition to his manuscript: The State and the Monetary System, to be published this year, in PEACE PLANS 815.

DOWD, KEVIN, How necessary is state deposit insurance?, (1988a) manuscript, School of Management and Economic Studies, University of Sheffield, January. - 12pp, in PEACE PLANS 792. - See also his: “Is Government Deposit Insurance Necessary?

DOWD, KEVIN, How to end European Inflation: a Proposal to deal with the Controversy surrounding British Membership of the Exchange Rate Mechanism of the EMS. Bruges Group Study Paper 4, London: Bruges Group. (1989b)

DOWD, KEVIN, Is Government Deposit Insurance Necessary? A mimeo, Nottingham: University of Nottingham. (1988a) - See also his: “How necessary is state deposit insurance?”

DOWD, KEVIN, Laissez-faire Banking. 1993, Routledge, London & N.Y., 389 pages, with extensive index, notes & bibliography. - JZL. - - In my view his bibliography and his book are still far from covering the field, in spite of their length. However, a single book can hardly cover all the variety of texts, ideas, proposals, and opinions in this sphere. No one would have the time to read all the texts - or has had, ever, even mere access to all of them as yet. While it makes many good points, there are many entries that I missed. Perhaps I will still get around to write a review of it. I do still find so many points to disagree with, in most of these writings. - Naturally, they could say the same about mine and of those of others, that I do appreciate most. So far only very few have taken the writings of e.g. Ulrich von Beckerath, Dr. Walter Zander and Professor Heinrich Rittershausen into consideration. - The Real Bills Doctrine is merely rejected, as a supposed fallacy, based, probably, in most cases on a text that is more than 2 centuries old and, like most of these older texts, did simply overlook a few essential aspects that are involved in the RBD. - But then the literature on this subject, too, has become already so extensive that probably no one was able to acquire and to read all the relevant texts. - J.Z., 26.2.10. - Especially, the introductory piece The Evolution of a Free Banking System is a masterpiece. - http://iang.org/free_banking/

DOWD, KEVIN, Models of Banking Instability. mimeo, Nottingham: Department of Economics, University of Nottingham; (1991b) chapter 6 of of his “Laissez-faire Banking”, 1993.

DOWD, KEVIN, Monetary Freedom and Monetary Stability. Feb. 89, 30pp, intended for CATO Conference, with Some Remarks to Kevin Dowd's Paper, by J.Z., March 89, 18pp, in PEACE PLANS 827.

DOWD, KEVIN, Money and Banking: the American Experience. Washington, D.C.: paper presented to the Durell Foundation conference 'Money and Banking: the American Experience', May; (1990a) chapter 9 of of his “Laissez-faire Banking”, 1993.

DOWD, KEVIN, Money and Nation State. - The Mises Review - Fall 1998. - Online at the Mises Institute.

DOWD, KEVIN, Option clauses and bank suspension. (1991c) Cato Journal 10: 761-73.

DOWD, KEVIN, Option Clauses and the Stability of a Laissez Faire Monetary System. 1987, 27pp, in PEACE PLANS 792. - (1988d) JOURNAL OF FINANCIAL SERVICES RESEARCH, 1, 319-33. (1988c)

DOWD, KEVIN, Private Money: The Path to Monetary Stability. Hobart Paper 112 of IEA, 1988b, with bibliography 71pp. - JZL.

DOWD, KEVIN, Publications on Free Banking and Financial Economics. This page gives publications on banking, financial regulation and regulatory policy, and on more general financial economics. Most of them deal with free banking (or financial laissez faire) and its antithesis, central banking. -Kevin Dowd's Home Page Webmaster: kevin.dowd@nottingham.ac.uk

DOWD, KEVIN, Some lessons from the recent Canadian Bank failures. (1988c) forthcoming in G. G. Kaufman (ed.) Research in Financial Services: Private and Public Policy, JAI Press.

DOWD, KEVIN, The Evolution of Central Banking in England, 1821-1890. a 1989 draft, 47 pp, prepared for the CUBS Conference on Unregulated Banking, in London, 19 May 89, in PEACE PLANS 904. In F. Capie and G. E. Wood (eds) Unregulated Banking, London: Macmillan; (1991a) chapter 11 of of his “Laissez-faire Banking”, 1993.

DOWD, KEVIN, The Experience of Free Banking. Ed., London and New York: Routledge. (1992d) - Nataf - Gonzalo Schwarz

DOWD, KEVIN, The Gold Standard, the Fixed Price of Gold and the Boom-Bust Cycle. Nov. 88, 16pp, with 1p of notes by J.Z., in PP PEACE PLANS 815.

DOWD, KEVIN, The Mechanics of the Bimetallic Standard. Unpublished Discussion Paper. Nottingham, England: University of Nottingham, April 1991. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

DOWD, KEVIN, The Monetary Economics of Henry Meulen. Discussion Paper, University of Nottingham, Dpt. of Ec., Dec. 88, No. 64, 35pp, in PEACE PLANS 818.

DOWD, KEVIN, The State and the Monetary System. Hemel Hempstead: Philip Allan and New York: St Martin's Press. (1989a) with author index & bibliography 213pp. - Oxford: Philip Allan, N.Y., London, Toronto, Sydney, Tokyo, 1989, a division of Simon & Schuster, International Group, ISBN 0-86003-088-1, ISBN 0-86003-182-9 Pbk. - A summary of the case for free banking. - J.Z. - JZL.

DOWD, KEVIN, to ZUBE, JOHN, 1 Nov. 88, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 810, 27 Nov. 88, 4pp, in PEACE PLANS 815, 19 Jan. 89, 2pp, 8 Feb. 1989, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 827, 6 March 89, 1p, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 867.

DOWD, KEVIN, US banking in the "free banking" period., chapter 11 of K. Dowd (ed.), The Experience of Free Banking, London: Routledge; (1992b). Chapter 8 of of his “Laissez-faire Banking, 1993.

DOWD, KEVIN, Who needs Government Deposit Insurance?, mimeo, Nottingham: Department of Economics, University of Nottingham. (1990b)

DOWE, W. A., Money in a Free Society. article in "GOOD GOVERNMENT", October 1965, published by the Association for Good Government, Sydney, reprint, original title: The Place of Money in a Free Society, in PEACE PLANS 731.

DOWLE, ANTHONY AND FINN, PATRICK, The Guidebook to the Coinage of Ireland from 995 A.D. to the Present Day. Spink & Son, London, 1969. “Valuable for St. Patrick's and Voce Populi classification.” - Alexander, Coin World, Cat. & Encyclopedia. - Did Ireland have relatively as many private coin and token issues as e.g. England, Germany and the USA? Or was the prolonged and relative poverty of Ireland partly a result of that kind of omission of freedom options? - J.Z., 17.3.10.

DOWNING, Major JACK [SEBA SMITH], Jack Downing's Letters. Philadelphia, 1845. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DOWNING, Major JACK [SEBA SMITH], My Thirty Years Out of the Senate. New York, 1859. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

DOWNS, ANTHONY, An Economic Theory of Bureaucracy. New York: Harper and Row, 1957. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - Isn’t it rather a theory of anti-economics, under the “management” of bureaucrats and politicians? - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DOWNS, ANTHONY, Inside Bureaucracy. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1967. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - Often, for many, that is almost as bad as being under it, one of its more obvious victims. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DOWRIE, GEORGE W., American Monetary and Banking Policies. (New York: Longmans Green, 1930), p.25. - Klebaner

DOWRIE, GEORGE WILLIAM, The Development of Banking in Illinois, 1817-1863. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1913. - Rockoff (1975). - To my knowledge, banking was, so far, nowhere ever quite free to develop upon its merits and fail upon its faults. Am I wrong in this generalization? - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DRAKE, LOUIS S., Reconstruction of a Bimetallic Price Level. EXPLORATIONS IN ECONOMIC HISTORY 22 (April 1985): 194-219. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief. - As parallel currencies, with a free market rate between them, it could do some good. As forced currencies, with a fixed exchange rate between them, it could do much harm. Free choice of value standards will have the best results in the long run. Moreover, no one has a right to complain when his self-chosen and contracted for value standard will lead to some disappointments for him. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DRAKE, P. J., Money, Finance and Development. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1980, chap. 3. - White, Competition & Currency.

DRAPER, JOHN W., The Intellectual Development of Europe. Bohn's Edition. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DREAS, DAVID, The Terra Libra Coin Story. 2pp: in PEACE PLANS 1569, p.132. From: VOLUNTARYIST, THE, No. 65, December 1993 - No. 96, February 1999, 250pp.

DRECHSLER, W., Volkskapitalismus. 1957. - Rittershausen, Wirtschaft, 1960 Auflage.

DREYHAUPT, KLAUS F. & SIEPMAN, UDO, Privater Wettbewerb im Geldwesen, Überlegungen zu einem Vorschlag von F. A. von Hayek. in ORDO, 29, 1978. - Gerding. 16pp, in PEACE PLANS 795.

DREYSE, F., Kreditrestriktion als Mittel der Notenbankpolitik. BANKWISSENSCHAFT 1929, Heft 7. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

DRIVER, C. H., Thomas Hodgskin and the Individualists. In F. J. C. Hearnshaw, ed., The Social and Political Ideas of Some Representative Thinkers of the Age of Reaction and Reconstruction, 1815-1865. 1949, New York: Barnes & Noble. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

DROUIN, ED., Notice sur les monnaies mongoles. JA, 1896, 486. - Herbert Franke, Geld- & Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft.

DROWNE, HENRY R,. An Unrecorded Coinage. NUMISMATIST 7 (June, 1894). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

DROWNE, HENRY R., United States Postage Stamps as Necessity War Money. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NUMISMATICS, Vol. 52. - Carothers, Fractional Money. - As if wars could only be financed with postage-stamp money! - J.Z., 2.5.10.

DRUCKER, PETER F., PostCapitalist Society. New York: Harper Collins, 1993. - www.reinventingmoney.com - Let us have a genuine free enterprise capitalism, in all spheres first, even if confined to volunteers only, before we look at a supposedly post-capitalist society. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

DRUMMOND, CHARLES GEORGE, The theory of money in connection with some of the prominent doctrines of political economy, By a Scotch banker. 1143. NC Series: General Collection: Economics, Imprint: William P. Nimmo. Edinburgh, 1868, Pagination: [6],v,[1],217,[3]p. 8o

DRUMMOND, SIR HENRY, Causes which led to the Bank Restriction Bill, 1839. - Coppetiers. - Genuine causes or merely motives, notions, errors, prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions? - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DU PUYNODE, MICHEL GUSTAVE PARTOUNAU, De la Monnaie, du Crédit et de l'Impôt. Paris, Guillaumin, 1853, 1863. 2 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - SMITH, VERA C. (1853)

DU TOT, M., Political Reflections upon the Finances and Commerce of France. Translated into English. London, 1739. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

DUANE, WILLIAM J., Narrative and Correspondence concerning the Removal of the Deposits, and Occurrences connected therewith. Philadelphia, 1838. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

DUB, M., Katastrophenhausse und Geldentwertung. Stuttgart 1920. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

DUBLIN UNIVERSITY MAGAZINE, THE, 1840. - SMITH, VERA C.

DUBOIS, JOSEPH, L'Empire de l’Argent: Étude sur la Chine Financière. Paris, 1906.

DUBOIS, See: JANCIGNY.

DUBREUIL, HYACINTHE, A Chance for Everybody. On liberation at the place of work by suitable organizational and financial arrangements: through subcontracting by small and autonomous groups within larger enterprises - to promote industrial, internal and international peace. An extract from this book and comments by J.Z., 24x, in PEACE PLANS No. 13, plan 226, 46pp, including some comments by J.Z. - The whole book was later microfiched by me, to make it more accessible, and is available from me as an email attachment. - The, perhaps, only copy of an English translation of another book or long essay by Dubreuil, on federalism, probably of some anarchist or at least syndicalist interest, which I had lent to Dr. H. G. Pearce, Sydney, now deceased, is still somewhere buried in the library of one of his sons, in Canberra, who has, apparently, not yet got around to catalogue his library inheritance & return this manuscript to me. Books still do have their fates! - J.Z., 8.1.06. JZem - He was an outstanding pioneer of the theory and practice of work cooperatives, autonomous group work and internal contracting, all serving to get away from the mere employer-employee relationship, even without the need to purchase an enterprise in a sound take-over bid by all its employees or via extensive share-holding by the employees. - J.Z., 12.2.10. - Dubreuil’s proposals involve a complete but voluntary and grass-roots reconstruction of the organization and financial structure of enterprises. Alas, they did not yet include full monetary freedom as well. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DUBY, PETER A. T., Treatise on the Money coined by the Peers, Bishops, Abbots, &c, of France. Paris, 1790. Works in 3 vols., vols. 2 and 3. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - Perhaps, at least in this sphere, the religious leaders or misleaders did some good? - J.Z., 10.7.01.

DUCHATEIL, P., La Banque de France. Paris 1890. - Obst.

DUCPETIAUX, U. v. Beckerath asked H. Rittershausen to look up his works. Possibly of monetary freedom interest. - Beckerath letter, 8.9,1931.

DUDEN, M., Internal Improvements in Indiana, 1816 to 1846." INDIANA QUARTERLY MAGAZINE OF HISTORY, December, 1909. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

DUDLER, Dr. HERMANN-JOSEF, Geld- und Devisenpolitik unter flexiblen Wechselkursen. In: Büschgen, Hans E., Geld, Kapital & Kredit, C. E. Poeschel Verlag, Stuttgart, 1968, p.127. - In other words: How much can governments still mess up the economies even under flexible exchange rates! - J.Z., 13.4.10.

DUGGAN, I. W. & BATTLES, R. U., Financing the Farm Business. New York: Wiley, 1950. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

DUGGLEBY, VINCENT, English Paper Money. Stanley Gibbons Publications Ltd., London, 1975. - It deals exclusively with Bank of England notes and legal tender Treasury Notes! - “None is so blind as he, who does not wish to see!” - Of some value only to note collectors! - At least I did not spend more than 1 pound on it. - J.Z. - JZL.

DUGUID, C., How to read the Money Article, - a small book, … convenient for reference. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947.

DUGUID, C., The Stock Exchange. - G. D. H. Cole. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947.

DUKE, General BASIL, History of the Bank of Kentucky. Louisville, 1895. - Remini.

DULLES, Bank for International Settlements at Work. The Macmillan Company, New York, 1932. - Edwin W. Kemmerer, Gold and the Gold Standard.

DULLES, E. L., The Dollar Sterling Franc Tangle. - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952. - Did this author clearly realize that this tangle was a result of territorial governments manipulating their “value standards” and exchange media, their internal monopolization and forced acceptance and value as well as their exchange rate against other such despotic national currencies? - J.Z., 10.6.10.

DULLES, E. L., The French Franc. - Mills & Walker, Money, 1935-1952. - Hardly an inspiring example! - J.Z., 27.3.10.

DUMOLARD, HENRY, Le Japon, Politique, Économique et Social. Paris, 1903.

DUN, JOHN, The Banking Institutions, Bullion Reserves, and Non-Legal Tender Note Circulation of the United Kingdom, Statistically Investigated. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, XXXIX, March 1876. - Cameron

DUNBAR, CHARLES FRANCIS, Chapters on the Theory and History of Banking. New York and London, 1891. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

DUNBAR, CHARLES FRANCIS, Economic Essays. (Macmillan, New York, London, edited by O. M. W. Sprague, 1904. - Norman Angell. - Miller, Harry E. . - SMITH, VERA C.

DUNBAR, CHARLES FRANCIS, Economic Science in America, 1776-1876. NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW (January, 1876), cxxii, 124-154. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

DUNBAR, CHARLES FRANCIS, Laws of the United States Relating to Currency, Finance, Banking, from 1789-1896. compiled by C.F.D., Boston, 1891, revised edition, 1897, Kelly reprint 1969, 310pp. - JZL. - Does an updated version exist? Revisionist Press has listed, as published in 1982 for $ 75, an issue of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, with amendments and laws relating to banking. Is there no cheaper government publication of these texts? Did the R. P. issue actually come out? - If my bad memory does not deceive me, then at least one other title promised by this press did not appear. I can’t blame them, seeing the costs and risks involved. That was before the time of on-demand publishing on paper, and before the electronic options. J.Z.. 13.4.10.)

DUNBAR, CHARLES FRANCIS, The Bank of Venice. THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS VI, (1892), p.308-335.

DUNBAR, CHARLES FRANCIS, The National Banking System. 1897. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 12 (October). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

DUNBAR, CHARLES FRANCIS, The Theory and History of Banking. 1891, 1901, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York & London, 3rd. ed. 1917. - 3rd. ed. New York, Knickerbocker Press,- Wells & Scruggs. - 4th edition, 1922. - 5th ed. Revised by Oliver M. W. Sprague. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1929. - SMITH, VERA C. - 4th ed., 1922, with chapters on Foreign Exchange and Central Banks by Oliver M. W. Sprague and with supplementary chapters presenting The Record of the Federal Reserve System, by Henry Parker Willis, indexed, 321pp. - JZL. - I hold that the record of the FED has set records for monetary abuses in the USA. It should become entirely confined to its remaining volunteers. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DUNBAR, WILLIS F., Michigan Through the Centuries. 2 vols. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1955. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DUNBAR, WILLIS F., Michigan: A History of the Wolverine State. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1965. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DUNCAN, G., Marx and Mill: Two Views of Social Conflict and Social Harmony. Cambridge University Press 1973. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

DUNCAN, JONATHAN, The Bank Charter Act. 1857, 2nd. ed. 1858. - Carnaghan

DUNCAN, JONATHAN, The Mystery of Money Explained. 2nd. ed., 1863. - Robert Carnaghan

DUNCAN, RALPH E., Monetary Shams Past and Present versus A Metric System of Gold Parities. A Historical Narrative of Money Fallacies. Copyright 1982. Printed in 1991. Sold by Melba H. Duncan, 1219 La Veta Way, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80906. Then at $ 14.95. With bibliography and index 248pp. - JZL.

DUNCOMBE, CHARLES, Free Banking. An Essay on Banking, Currency, Finance, Exchanges and Political Economy. Cleveland, 1841, in Kelly reprint of 1969, 356 pages. - JZL. - I had been looking forward to this work and was very disappointed. He is rather an enemy than an advocate of free banking, e.g. on p. 60. He not only favors convertibility but uniform means of payment (pp. 1 & 5), to be issued by one central bank to local discounters (p.7) and opposed small bills, suggesting even a minimum denomination of $ 20, because he “thought” that local banknote issues are harmful. Thus, in some respects, his system might be considered worse than the present central banking system. I have not yet discovered any redeeming features in this book, although, undoubtedly, there are some. LFB offered it for sale for $ 12.50, with the comment, which drew me in, together with the title:"An early American defense of the efficiency and superiority of free banking, with a critique of the dangers of government central banking." What he actually wrote about was competition among banks that are NOT note-issuing banks, like our present "deregulated" banks - and he called THAT "free banking"! - With such “friends”, who needs enemies? - J.Z. - Augustus M. Kelley, New York, 1969 - - Online at the Mises Institute. - A very misleading title! - J.Z., 21.2.10. - An enemy rather than an advocate of free banking, especially p.60. Favors uniform means of payment and metallic convertibility, one central bank and only local discounters, p.7. Also against small bills, p.64, previously suggesting a minimum of $ 20 denominations for them! Thinks that local banknote issue is harmful: 72. Nevertheless, he adopted this title and LFB also fell for it and sold this book as a libertarian title. What can one learn from such authors? How to mislead and misinform one’s potential readers? - J.Z., 12.3.10. All in all, his work makes a good case that warnings about certain books should also be included in this bibliography. - J.Z., 13.5.10. - Reminds me of the Soviert Regime that claimed to be for peace and freedom and promised an economic paradise for workers! - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DUNDAS, HENRY, Henry Dundas Papers. (principally on monetary situation in 1796 and 1797). Kress Library, Harvard University. - Fetter, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy 1797-1875.

DUNHAM, WALTER L., Banking and Industry in Michigan. Detroit: Madeira Publishing Co., 1929. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

DUNKMAN, WILLIAM E., Money, Credit and Banking. Random House, New York, 1970. - Greco (1990)

DUNKMAN, WILLIAM E., Qualitative Credit Control. 1913. New York, Columbiand University Press. - Selgin.

DUNN, ELISABETH, To the Manner Born. THE SPECTATOR, December 18, 1976, p.14. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Manor? - J.Z.

DUNNE, G. T., A Christmas present for the President: a short history of the creation of the federal reserve system. Reprinted by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. (undated) Originally printed in BUSINESS HORIZONS, 6 (1963), no. 4, 43-60. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - The central banking system was a wrongful “x-mas present” that made their power to decide upon war or peace, armament or disarmament, treaties and choice of weapons even more dangerous to their subjects and those of foreign rulers than e.g. conscription and taxation did. - An important part of a quite wrongful and dangerous package, one with explosive powers. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DUNNE, GERALD T., Monetary Decisions of the Supreme Court. (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1960), 6-10, 12-13, 23-64; - Steven L. Green, July 86. - Timberlake. - Possibly, in most cases, they could be termed the monetary misjudgments of the Supreme Court. However, were the judgements in most departments of economics and of most writers on economics much better or, often, even worse? When it comes to popular errors, prejudices etc. in the monetary sphere, even these people are, largely, merely “children of their times.” - Their reading, usually, was very extensive. But how much have they read or how much chance did they have to read up on e.g. monetary and financial freedom? - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DUNNING, HENRY A History of Banking in Great Britain: With a Historic Analysis of the Principles Governing Banking, Currency and Credit. 1896, in W. G. Sumner, ed., 1896, A History of Banking in All the Leading Nations, vol. II, reprinted by Augustus M. Kelly, N.Y., 1971. - Dowd.

DUNOYER, CHARLES, According to Leonard Liggio, Charles Dunoyer and French Classical Liberalism, JLS, Summer 1977, pp.168/69, he was opposed to paper money and central banking. (He may have proposed competition among note issuing banks only in very general terms. - J.Z.)

DUNSTERVILLE, Maj. Gen. L. C., The Adventures of Dunsterforce. London, 1921. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

DURAN, ETIENNE, Encore la Question des Banques. Paris: Guillaumin, 1865. - SMITH, VERA C.

DURBIN, E. F. M., Mr. Gilbert's Defense of a Constant Circulation." 1935. ECONOMICA 2(6) (May). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - Nothing in a free economy is quite constant. Not even the purchasing power of gold is, in the long run. Why should the circulation of exchange media be constant, rather than merely the value standards, with the latter ones self-chosen and as stable as human beings can provide them. Exchange media and clearing options should rather be adapted to the growing varieties, quantities and values of goods, services and labor that are, under freedom and its division of labor, constantly exchanged - and can be easily exchanged only when there are enough exchange media, clearing options and sound enough value standards. Primitive dogmatism isn’t any good in this sphere, either. However, if some people are foolish enough to wish to confine all their exchanges to those, which they can manage to mediate with their kind of exchange media, in a fixed quantity, then they should be free to do so, as long as they can and want to stand this irrational and uneconomic restriction. I think that even the best of luck would not help them enough. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DURBIN, E. F. M., Purchasing Power and Trade Depression. London: Jonathan Cape, 1933. - “… deals with the views of Douglas, Keynes and Hayek in readable fashion.” - R. C. Mills & E. R. Walker, Money. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

DURBIN, E. F. M., The Problem of Credit Policy. London, 1935. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

DURGIAI, E„ Der Geist der Genossenschaft. Chur 1946. - Gisin (1955)

DURIG, A, Die Diskussion um die Böhm-Bawerk'sche Zinstheorie. Zürich 1945. - Gisin (1955)

DÜRKES, WERNER, Wertsicherungsklauseln. Ein Überblick über den derzeitigen Stand von Rechtsprechung und Schrifttum. 2. Aufl, Verlagsgesellschaft Recht und Wirtschaft m.b.H., Heidelberg, 1955, mit Sachverzeichnis, 56 S. - JZL.

DURKMAN, W. E., Money, Credit, and Banking. 1970. - K. Ryan, 1990.

DURLACHER, MARION G., A Mint in the Mountains. THE MENTOR, (August, 1928). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

DÜRR, Prof. Dr. ERNST, Die Wirkungsverzögerung der Notenbankpolitik. In: Büschgen, Hans E., Geld, Kapital & Kredit, C. E. Poeschel Verlag, Stuttgart, 1968, p.99. - Do central note-issuing banks ever have any positive effects or do they, at most, minimize the wrongs and harm they do, as far as they can? - J.Z., 14.4.10.

DURRELL FOUNDATION, Money, Banking, The American Experience. Conference sponsored by the Durell Foundation, in Washington, May 24-25 1990. Participants: Dowd, Rockoff, Salerno, Selgin, White et al. Is it on record and available in affordable duplicates? - J.Z., 10.7.10.

DURRELL JOURNAL OF MONEY AND BANKING, published by the George Edward Durrell Foundation, P.O. Box 847, Berryville, Virginia, 22 611, Tel. (703) 955-4939. Free to U.S. individuals, $ 10 p.a. to libraries and foreign addresses. Back issues $ 3. Reprints: 50c per article. Thanks to Kevin Dowd, I have received Vol. I, No. 2, Nov. 89, of this new monetary freedom journal, 40 pages, impressively printed. Alas, in my copy there are 4 blank pages. - J.Z. - Note: Later issues came more and more away from free banking ideas. - Thus I did not complain when, soon, no more free copies were sent to me. It is, perhaps still, a case of a rich foundation getting into the wrong hands and no longer executing the will of the founder, who wanted to promote freedom in this sphere. The few later issues that I have seen seemed to promote only the ordinary writings on banking, not monetary freedom writings. - Take it as one of Zube’s “laws”: Large foundations tend to get into the hands of fortune hunters rather than freedom hunters. - Just like large powers tend to get into the hands of power addicts rather than freedom lovers. - If so, is there any chance to get this foundation into the right hands, once again? - However, is there really a need for this, seeing that every free banking advocate, in the somewhat developed countries. can get himself a cheap scanner, scanning program and disc drive and all such activists could, between them and relatively soon, put at least all their output and “catches” of o.o.p. and out of copyrights or not copyrighted texts together, on one or a few CDs, DVDs or onto a single and also cheap external disc drive? (The 1 TB ones are by now priced, in some cases, at under A $ 100 and one of them could come to offer all monetary and financial freedom writings! (Today I saw a 2 TB one offered for A $ 187!)They could also try to persuade the copyrights holders to put their titles online, for free or cheap downloading, to boost the sale of their printed titles. It does not take millions to publish, together with a number of other freedom advocates in this sphere, a complete monetary freedom library and helpful special works on the subject, but merely good will, voluntary labor, sensibly collaborating, determination, persistence and considerable labors of love. The reward will be general, for all, once full monetary and financial freedom are, finally, realized, largely as a result of such a publishing effort. - If copyrights remain an obstacle for some titles, there are also the options of summaries, indexes and reviews that could convey their main ideas, by now via automatic search engines. - J.Z., 13.5.10.

DURST, S. J., Comprehensive Guide To American Colonial Coinage. Sanford J DURST, NUMISNATIC PUBLICATIONS, N.Y., 1981.

DURST, S. J., Early American Coppers Anthology. - Sanford J DURST, NUMISNATIC PUBLICATIONS, N.Y., 1981.

DUTTON, GEORGE, An Exposition of the Crisis of 1857. HUNT'S MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE, January, 1858, xxxviii, 10-35. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

DUTTON, GEORGE, The Present Crisis, or the Currency, etc. By "Bank Crash." New York, 1857. [Dutton, George.] - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

DWIGHT, EDMUND, The Financial Revulsion and the New York Banking System. HUNT'S MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE.  February, 1858, xxxviii, 157-163. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

DWIGHT, EDMUND, The Progressing Expansion. HUNT'S MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE. August, 1851, xxv, 147-152. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - The title should indicate that the author is not writing e.g. about obesity. - J.Z., 27.3.10. - He should also have mentioned that without the issue monopoly and legal tender no currency issue can be unilaterally expanded. But I doubt that he has. - It is up to anyone interested to add abstracts, reviews and comments to all such titles. On electronic media, like discs, there is almost unlimited space for such input and output, at least in the instalments provided by new editions or through downloaded updates. - Let us progressively expand our knowledge of money, currency and banking, to avoid the endless repetition of old errors, wrongs and mistakes. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DWYER, G., Wildcat Banking, Banking Panics and Free Banking in the United States. ECONOMIC REVIEW, Volume 81, (1996) - Gonzalo Schwarz - The central banks are much worse, on a national scale. They are among the ruling beasts of prey. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DYASON, E. C, Bawra, ECONOMIC RECORD, Vol. IV, Feb. 1928, pp.51-67. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of Australia. - Another title that is at least to me quite meaningless. Since Gollin writes about the second largest State bank in Australia, I assume that he writes as a statist rather than as an advocate of monetary and financial freedom. I would be happy to be proven wrong on this. - J.Z., 28.6.09.

DYASON, E. C, The Australian Public Debt. ECONOMIC RECORD, Vol. III, Nov. 1927, pp.161-74. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - I for one feel no moral obligation to help pay it. - Foreign aid and bailouts of foreign governments go even beyond this and forced taxpayers and inflation victims to pay debts of foreign governments! When will the tax and inflation slaves begin their revolt, a peaceful, moral and sensible one? - J.Z., 28.6.10.

DYE, EVA E., McLoughlin and Old Oregon. 2nd Ed. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Company, 1900. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

DYER, JOSEPH C., in parliamentary committee testimony (BSP 1831-2, QQ.4274-6: "The issue of bank notes is merely an exchange of credits." Also: BSP 1832, QQ.4274-6. - White, 83, 85.

DYSON, WILL, Artist Among the Bankers. 1933, by J. M. Dent and Sons, Ltd.. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Are there many genuine artists, craftsmen, experts, scholars, enlightened people - among them, who really deserve the term “bankers”? Or do they, mostly, merelyl play, in ignorance and prejudices, with monopoly money, which is also a forced currency, i.e., do they overlook the genuine nature of the money of monetary freedom and the credit options of financial freedom? - J.Z., 30.3.10. Are, all too many of them, just “con-artists”? Here I include many of the “great” financiers, who “managed”, e.g. to commit the ancient wrong and mistake of „investing“ short term funds in medium to long-term loans. THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, Weekend Business, pages 1 & 4, smh.com.au, in an article entitled “Where are they now?“, reported how well most of them still did, for themselves, after having “managed” to inflict, between them, losses of A$ 30 billion upon their all too trusting investors, in spite of all government controls and regulations, or, perhaps, largely, because of them. Individual responsibility cannot be effectively replaced by governmental responsibility. A thorough reform of all bankruptcy laws is needed as well, to uphold the rights of creditors against dishonest debtors. Many of their victims ended up much poorer than their victimizers! - J.Z., 2.6.10.

 

E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E

EAGLE AND THE SERPENT, THE, magazine, 1898, by John Basil Barnhill, under pseudonym. Vol. I, 1-12, 1898-1908, Vol. II, 1-5, 18 &19. - Among Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. - Of FB interest? - JBB was a libertarian egoist. - J.Z.

EAGLEY, ROBERT V., The Swedish Bullionist Controversy: P. N. Christiernin’s Lectures on the High Price of Foreign Exchange in Sweden. Ed. & transl., 1971. American Philosphical Society, Philadelphia. - Peter Bernholz.

EAMES, FRANCIS, The New York Stock Exchange. New York, 1894. - Sobel, The Curbstone Brokers.

EASTBURN, DAVID P., Federal Reserve on Record; Readings on Current Issues from Statements by Federal Reserve Officials. Philadelphia: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, 1965. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - What is the over-all record of all central banks? - Did any of them pass the test of time by more than a few years within a century? - J.Z., 4.4.10.

EASTERLIN, RICHARD A., Interregional Differences in Per Capita Income, Population, and Total Income, 1840-1950." In: Trends in the American Economy in the Nineteenth Century. Studies in Income and Wealth, Vol. 24 (Princeton: Princeton University Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1960). - Temin.

EASTERN, Money, Exchange and Banking. - Silverman, H. A., The Substance of Economics.

EASTON, H. T., Banks and Banking. London, 1896.

EASTON, H. T., History and principles of banks and banking. London 1904. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

EASTON, H. T., History of a Banking House. (1903) It is concerned with Smith, Payne and Smith of Nottingham. - Cottrell & Anderson, Money & Banking in England.

EASTON, H. T., The work of a bank. London 1908. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

EATON, CLEMENT, Henry Clay and the Art of American Politics. The Library of American Biography. Boston, 1957. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Free Market Money - Instead of Political Manipulation. FREEDOM DAILY, 1990, February.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Mises’ Writings on Monetary and Fiscal Poloicy before the First World War. - 2/18/2009 - Mises Institute Working Papers - Online at the Mises Institute.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Monetary Central Planning and the State, part 27: Milton Friedman's Second Thoughts on the Cost of Paper Money. 3/99, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.627. - Hopefully, by now all these parts are offered online or on disc. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Monetary Central Planning and the State, part 28: The Chicago & Austrian Economists on Money, Inflation, and the Great Depression. 4/99, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.629.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Monetary Central Planning and the State, part 34: Free Banking and the Political Case against Central Banking. 10/99, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.632.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Monetary Central Planning and the State, part 35: Free Banking and the Economic Case against Central Banking. 11/99, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.634. - Has the complete book appeared in the meantime in print or at least online or on a disc? - J.Z., 28.2.10.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Monetary Central Planning and the State, part 36: Free Banking and the Competitive Limits to Monetary Expansion. 12/99, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.637.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Monetary Central Planning and the State, part 37: Free Banking and the Market Demand for Money. 1/00, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.639.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Monetary Central Planning and the State, part 39: Free Banking and the Benefits of Market Competition. 3/00, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.645. - Monetary Central Planning and the State

EBELING, RICHARD M., Money, Method, and the Market Process. Editor, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academy Publishers, 1990,- It includes: pp.37-54, LUDWIG VON MISES: “Epistemological Relativism in the Sciences of Human Action” and also, pp.16-36, MISES: “The Treatment of ‘Irrationality’ in the Social Sciences.” Both of these essays are online at the Mises Institute, not, necessarily, the whole Ebeling title.

EBELING, RICHARD M., On the Edge of Hyperinflation in Brazil. March 90, FREEDOM DAILY ESSAYS, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.623.

EBELING, RICHARD M., Richard Ebeling's Austrian Economics Reading List. - Austrian Economics Reading List

EBELING, RICHARD M., The Austrian Theory of the Trade Cycle and Other Essays by Ludwig von Mises, Gottfried Haberler, Murray N. Rothbard, Friedrich A. Hayek. Editor, New York. Center for Libertarian Studies. 1978. - Nataf - The first of these titles: The Austrian Theory of the Trade Cycle, is listed by the Mises Institute as being online. - Perhaps the other essays are as well in this online edition. - J.Z. - Ludwig von Mises Institute, 1982. EBELING, RICHARD M., The Austrian Theory of the Trade Cycle and Other Essays - Center for Libertarian Studies, 1978. Mises Institute 1996, with introduction and summary by Roger Garrison. - Online at the Mises Institute.

EBENGREUTH, A LUCHIN von, Die Münze, als historisches Denkmal sowie ihre Bedeutung im Rechts- und Wirtschaftsleben. Verlag von B. G. Teubner in Leipzig, 1906, illustrated, with index, 124 S. - Mit Kapiteln ueber die Münzhoheit, die finanzielle Ausnützung des Münzregals, Münzkrisen in Deutschland und „Die Münze als gesetzliches Zahlungsmittel“. - JZL.

EBERSTADT, MAX, Der deutsche Kapitalmarkt. Leipzig 1901. - Obst.

EBERT, K., Die Theorie des öffentlichen Kredits unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Auslandskredits. Diss. Frankfurt am Main 1933. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - That credit should become completely confined to its volunteers or voluntary victims. Investments in territorial tax slaves are morally quite wrong, as wrong as is the direct holding of persons in slavery. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ECKFELDT & DU BOIS, Manual of Coins. Philadelphia, 1842. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - Free coinage for all kinds of plastic or cheap metal coinage, all without compulsory acceptance and a forced value, i.e., coins that can be freely refused or discounted and which thus will soon tend to adopt a sound value standard and a sound readiness to accept foundation. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ECKFELDT, JACOB R., & DU BOIS, WILLIAM E., A Manual of Gold and Silver Coins of All Nations. Philadelphia, 1842, and supplement dated December 1849. - Schilke & Solomon, America’s Foreign Coins … with Legal Tender Status in the US 1793-1857. - Carothers, Fractional Money. The primitive notions that coins should themselves be valuable, through their material, rather than through their acceptance foundation, is still all too wide-spread today, even though most of the present coins have no longer a rare metal value. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ECKFELDT, JOSEPH R. & DUBOIS, WILLIAM E., New Varieties of Gold and Silver Coins. New York: G. P. Putnam, 1850-51. This is a comprehensive assay report of many of the private gold issues. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns. Repeating ancient and all too self-limiting errors merely in new forms does not help enough. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ECKSTEIN, OTTO, Instability in the Private and Public Sectors. SWEDISH JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 75 (March 1973): 19-26. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - The instabilities in the private sectors (to the extent that they are already private), are self-eliminating. The instabilities cause by the public sector and its wrongful and interventionism, are forcefully and legally upheld for decades to centuries. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, IEA, Cover page only, of June/July 86 issue, 1p, note: several free banking articles! (I have not got them yet but would like to obtain them. Is this journal being microfilmed, digitized, online, offered on discs? If not, why not? - J.Z.. 29x, in PP 865.

ECONOMIC CIVIL LIBERTIES ASSOCIATION, THE, Economic Bill of Rights. 4 points, in PEACE PLANS 689/590.

ECONOMIC RESEARCH COUNSELORS, 1760 Marine Drive, West Vancouver, B.C., Canada) publishes information showing how to set up bank accounts in Switzerland and other foreign countries, as well as other information that may be helpful to you in beating the system. - Harry Browne.

ECONOMIC REVIEW, FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CLEVELAND, Fourth District Developments in Bank Credit Cards and Check-Credit Plans. April 1967, pp.27-35. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

ECONOMICA, Issue on Unemployment. August 1980. - Samuel Brittan, in IEA Hobart Paper 90. - The errors, myths and prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions on this subject go in to the hundreds to thousands and have, to my knowledge, never been compiled and systematically confronted with their refutations. If enough people were interested in this, this could be done fast, online, in Wikipedia-fashion. - I hold that the current immigration restrictions are more based upon fear of unemployment and of competition than upon racism. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

ECONOMICA, The Restoration of the Gold Standard. November, 1923. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934. - Sound value standards do not have to be artificially “restored” but should merely be left alone - to the choices of free people, regarding their own affairs. - J.Z., 13.4.10.

ECONOMICS, See: HENDERSON, DAVID R., The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. http://www.econlib.org/Library/CEETitles.html - Here should be entered numerous other such reference works, but not necessarily by me. - J.Z., 28.6.10. - See also under DICTIONARIES.

ECONOMIST, THE, By Credit Card (Carte Blanche). Oct. 21, 1967, p. 322. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

ECONOMIST, THE, Editorials, 1 and 22 September, 1866. - Dowd

ECONOMIST, THE, From the Financial Ashes, a Phoenix World Dollar. THE AUSTRALIAN, 12 Jan. 88, 1p. with a note by J.Z. on a "world currency", in PEACE PLANS 818. - Unter territorial statism it is almost bound to be even worse than most national dollars are. - A world-dollar would impose its wrongs and mistakes world-wide. A voluntarily accepted world-wide value standard would be quite another matter. It could become effectively used by thousands of different exchange media, clearinghouse certificates and electronic accounts. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ECONOMIST, THE, Lo! a central bank for Europe. 25 June, (1988) pp.15-6. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - It means another and still larger threat to all genuine individual monetary rights and liberties. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ECONOMIST, THE, Open-pit slather leaves South Africa behind in rush for gold. Dec. 88, 1p, in PEACE PLANS 818.

ECONOMIST, THE, This Could Mean Banking War. Jan. 19, 1966, pp.220-21. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - Under freedom, quite different currencies could peacefully and economicallyl compete, each mainly circulating in its kind of payment sphere. The language and practices of warfare should be totally eliminated from economics, currencies, banking and finance. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ECONOMIST, THE: The Future of Gold. THE ECONOMIST, London, 1942. - Edwin W. Kemmerer, Gold and the Gold Standard. - It is not threatened by its nature or by the affections of those, who love it, but, rather, by wrongful and irrational actions of its opponents, who should be quite free to use other means of payment and value standards which they would trust more - in their own exchanges. Gold as an optional and contracted-for exchange medium and value standard is no threat to anyone, as long as one realizes that promises to deliver such exchange media are a dealings in futures, which should be accompanied by safe-guarding clauses, e.g. the promise of paying a withdrawl premium, if one is unable to deliver upon one’s promise. - The right of creditors to demand payment in gold and the obligation to creditors to deliver it should not be absolute. - J.Z., 28.6.10. - A debtor can always pay, within reason, with his own assignments upon his own goods and services but he cannot always deliver gold coins of the same total value. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

ECONOMOPOULOS, ANDREW, J., Illinois free banking experience. (1988) JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING, 20, May 88, pp.249-64. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - 16pp, in PP 813. - Alas, even with microfiche, I was able to “catch” only a fraction of all such titles. If enough libertarians had taken up this medium in the 70’s and 80’s, then monetary and financial freedom could be have been realized decades earlier. Must they still remain decades away now? Although with emails, discs and online options we have even more and cheaper opportunities for such texts and their duplication and transmission. Only the scanning-in and proof-reading are still all too laborious, tedious and boring, at least for me. With advanced equipment, that I cannot afford, Google is supposed to be able to scan-in in a book in only about 8 minutes. However, this is probably only done with memory-wasting images rather than OCR. - J.Z., 13.5.10.

EDEN, BENJAMIN, Indexation and Related Issues: A Review Essay. 1985. JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS 16,       259-266.

EDEN, BENJAMIN, On the Specification of the Demand for Money: The Real Rate of Return versus the Rate of Inflation. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 84 (December 1976): 1353-59. - White, Competition & Currency.

EDER, PHANDOR J., Legal Theories of Money. CORNELL LAW QUARTERLY, Vol. 20, 1934, pp.52-76. - JZL, photocopy. He mentions many titles and court decisions, which I have not extracted for this compilation. - J.Z., 11.6.10.

EDER, PHANDOR J., The Gold Clause Cases in the Light of History. Part One. GEORGETOWN LAW JOURNAL, Vol. XXIII, March 1935, Number 3, pp. 359-388. - Part Two, pages 722-361. -JZL., photocopy. In the last 2 pages, in its SUMMARY, it lays the following charges, which I numbered here. - J.Z.: - “We charge the Congress of the United States with these high crimes and misdemeanors. - 1.) We charge them with asserting that money belongs to the State and not to the citizen. - 2.) We charge them with levying forced loans against the Petition of Rights and immemorial charters of liberty. - 3.) We charge them with the crime of debasement of the coinage, without the assent of the people, without an assembly of the people, without the consent of all the counties. 4.) We charge them with reviving the doctrine of the Divine Right of Kings. - 5.) We charge them with calling that a dollar now which before by the Law and the Constitution was yesterday but a part of a dollar. - 6.) We charge them with robbing all Creditors of two-fifth (or forty per cent) of all their Debts, and this without any advantage to the Public. - 7.) We charge them with violating the principle of the sanctity and immutability of the mint weight of the standard of value. - 8.) We charge them with violating the Ninth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. - 9.) We charge them with putting a stain on the honor of the Nation. - 10.) We charge them with enacting laws against reason and the franchise of the land.” - Strong words, for lawyers, indeed. - Alas, they did not manage to hold these criminals responsible and reverse their decisions. - J.Z., 11.6.10.

EDGEWORTH, FRANCIS Y., The Mathematical Theory of Banking. 1888. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION 51(1) (March), pp.113-127. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

EDGEWORTH, FRANCIS Y., Thoughts on Monetary Reform. ECONOMIC JOURNAL 5 (September 1895): 434-51. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

EDGREN, G., et al., Wages, Growth and Distribution of Income. SWEDISH JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, September 1969. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

EDIE, L. D., Economics: Principles and Problems. New York, 1926. - Carothers, Fractional Money.

EDKINS, JOSEPH, Banking and Prices in China. - Banking and Prices in China h1JKAvUPrtsC Printed at the Presbyterian Mission Press 1905 286

EDKINS, JOSEPH, Chinese Currency. - Chinese Currency 2dZqclJ2MWMC Presbyterian mission press; [etc., etc.] 1901 151. London 1913. - Herbert Franke, Geld- & Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft. (These two titles by Edkins might be of interest if written with an open mind towards monetary freedom aspects in China. - J.Z.)

EDSALL, E. W., The Coming Scrap of Paper. 1915. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

EDWARDS, CHILPERIC, The Hammurabi Code and the Sinaitic Legislation. Kennikat Press, Port Washington, N.Y., 1904. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

EDWARDS, EDWARD, Banking. QUARTERLY REVIEW 42: 1830a. 476-504. [Edwards, Edward]. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

EDWARDS, EDWARD, The Bank of England. QUARTERLY REVIEW 43: 1830b. 342-66. [Edwards, Edward]. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

EDWARDS, GURDEN, Banking and Public Opinion, PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY 1 (April 1937), p.11. - Klebaner

EDWARDS, JAMES ROLPH, Monopoly and Competition in Money. JOURNAL OF LIBERTARIAN STUDIES 4 (1980): 107-17. - “For surveys of the literature on competing currencies, see …” - White, Competition & Currency. - JZL - He still imagined that either Klein or Hayek were the first economist writers on this subject! 11pp, in PEACE PLANS 794. - - Journal of Libertarian Studies - Vol.4, No.1. - Online at Mises Institute.

EDWARDS, JOHN HAMILTON & VASSE, WILLIAM W., Annotated Index to the CANTOS of Ezra Pound, Cantos I-LXXXIV. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London, 1971, 332pp. - I found there no hint towards Legal Tender, B. R. Tucker, Free Banking, Monetary Freedom, Tax Foundation, Debt Foundation, Acceptance Foundation. Can one expect much clarity - from a poet? - J.Z., 18.3.10. - JZL.

EGGER, AUG., Zur Revision des Schweizerischen Handelsrechts. Zürich 1928. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

EGGER, JOHN B., Arthur Marget in the Austrian Tradition of the Theory of Money. - Vol. 8 Num. 2 - Review of Austrian Economics - Online at the Mises Institute.

EGGER, JOHN B., Hutt’s Critique of Keynes: Two Reviews of  The Keynesian Episode. - Austrian Economics Newsletter - Online at the Mises Institute.

EGGER, JOHN B., The Monetary Economics of Arthur William Marget. 1p abstract: in PEACE PLANS 1575/1575, p.298, from MARKET PROCESS.

EGGER, JOHN B., The Search for Stable Money. A Conference on Monetary Policy. 5pp: p.39, in PEACE PLANS Nos. 1574 & 1575, from: MARKET PROCESS, The Newsletter of the Centre for the Study of Market Processes, George Mason University.

EGINHARD, Life of the Emperor Karl the Great. Engl. trans, by William Glaister. London, 1877. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

E-GOLD, Some introductory pages, 8pp from the Internet www.e-gold.com/ - in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.542. - Gold value clearing and accounting facilities do NOT require the possession of any gold by the exchangers. Our exchanges need not be restricted to the amount of gold that e.g., all our electronic clearing houses have managed to acquire between them. Potentially, the whole gold market is available as a “redemption fund" for any sound gold value notes or clearing house certificates. - Here and elsewhere we can find high tech combined with very backwards and limited thinking. - J.Z.

EHRENBERG, RICHARD, Capital and Finance in the Age of the Renaissance. (translated by H. M. Lucas). London, 1928. - Groseclose

EICHBERGER, J. & MILNE, F., Bank Runs and Capital Adequacy. (1990) mimeo, unpublished manuscript, Canberra: Australian National University. - Dowd. - Capital should never be considered as a redemption or cover option against runs, unless this is expressly declared to the depositors, as was done by at least some French banks. Then, naturally, they either accept these capital certificates or they do not. But a run upon cash is then avoided. Michael S. Rozeff pointed out to me, some time ago, that, at least theoretically, x y z different deposit, security and redemption options can and should be agreed upon and should be permissible. Tacitly to assume that all banks could and would, immediately, pay out all their deposits in cash, is absurd, unless the agreement was to do nothing else with them, than to keep them in the safes of the banks. However, most of the depositors do not really want that but do want a high interest rate return on their deposits. In other words, these funds do have to be invested to earn interest, are not immediately recallable from the borrowers and are not fully available for immediate refunds to the depositors, except at the end of an investment period or in accordance with the amounts of repayment instalments. Only e.g., fixed deposits, for certain terms and interest rates can bring a balance that will satisfy both sides and avoid runs upon supposedly existing cash or cash “reserves” in amounts that are simply not there, during a currency crisis, apart from the usual small amounts required to provide change and to exchange one currency for another and the current repayments of loans. - Wrong assumptions can have disastrous consequences in banking. Almost every possible eventuality should be clarified and stated in writtings and signed by both sides, note issue and deposit as well as account-keeping contracts. Otherwise, the capital assets of a bank would only be significant in bankruptcy cases, during take-overs and sales. “Reserves” or gold stocks should have nothing to do with the notes or clearing certificates that it issues, or the amounts of government cash that it handles. - J.Z., 12.6.10.

EICHENBAUM, MARTIN S. & WALLACE, NEIL, A Shred of Evidence on Public Acceptance of Privately Issued Currency. 1985, 1p, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 731. (A 3pp photocopy was sent to T.M., no source given.) - JZL.

EICHENSEER, C., Technik des Bankbetriebes. Sammlung Göschen, Band 484. - Friedrich Leitner, Finanzierung der Unternehmungen, 1927.

EICHHOLTZ, THILO, Nationale deutsche Bankpolitik. Berlin 1906. - Obst.

EICHMANN, ARTHUR, Die Reichsbank und ihre volkswirtschaftliche Bedeutung. Berlin 1902. - Obst. - Besser wohl: Ihr legitimiertes Unrecht und der Schaden den sie der Wirtschaft zufügt! Aber von diesem Standpunkt aus hat der Verfasser wahrscheinlich nicht geschrieben. So folgten zwei Weltkriege, durch die Notenbank „finanziert“, die grosse Inflation, die grosse Deflation der 30’er Jahre, das Nazi-Regime und viele kleinere Krisen. Diese Bedeutung des Zentralbanksystem haben auch die meisten der „Sozialwissenschaftler“ noch nicht klar genug erkannt. - J.Z., 14.3.10.

EILERT, JOHN W., Illinois Business Incorporations, 1816-1869. BUSINESS HISTORY REVIEW, XXXVII (Autumn, 1963), 169-81. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

EINAUDI, LUIGI, The Medieval Practice of Managed Currency. In Gayer, Arthur D., ed., The Lessons of Monetary Experience: Essays in Honor of Irving Fisher. New York: Augustus Kelley, 1970: 259-268. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

EINAUDI, LUIGI, The Theory of Imaginary Money from Charlemagne to the French Revolution. 1953. In Enterprise and Social Change: Readings in Economic History, edited by Frederic C. Lane. Homewood, Ill., Irwin. For American Economic Association. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

EINSIEDEL, Wechseldeckung oder Effektendecking? BANKARCHIV, 1934, S. 269ff.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, A Dynamic Theory of Foreign Exchange. London, MacMillan & Co., 1961. - Cowen & Kroszner.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Currency After the War. The British and American Plans. London, Nicholson & Watson, 1944, 152pp. - None of the contents list tempted me to read it. He seems to consider only statist plans. And this in spite of his study of “primitive” money. Did he assume that all privately issued money must be primitive or unsound? - That is, indeed, a very popular notion. - J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL. - - Penguin Books, in 1954 stated that by then he had written 46 books. - But how many of them could be classed as being of interest to advocates of monetary and financial freedom? - Are any of them, except his book on Private Money, somewhat in favor of monetary freedom, which even primitive people took already for granted? Or did he consider all such attempts to be merely primitive or flawed ones, like any “good” statist, seeing in central banks “modern” and “scientific” institutions? - J.Z., 28.4.10.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Economic Problems of the Next War.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Exchange Control. London, 1934.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Finance and Politics.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Foreign Balances. London, 1938.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, France’s Crisis. - MacMillan adv. in Meulen, Free Banking, 1934. - Was it only Prof. H. Rittershausen, who pointed out that the economic crisis of the 1930’s was less severe in France? - J.Z., 30.3.10.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, How Money Is Managed. The Ends and Means of Monetary Policy. - 1954, Penguin Books, London, indexed, with bibliography, and list of his other writings, 358pp. - JZL. A more descriptive title would be: How Money is, Usually, Mismanaged, under Statist, Legalized, Monopolized, Collectivized & Centralized Management. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Inflation. London, 1952.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, International Gold Movements. London, 1929.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Monetary Reform in Theory and Practice. New York, London, The Macmillan Company, 1936, 343pp, indexed, with a detailed, 6pp, contents list, neither of which did tempt me to read the book. He certainly does not advocate freedom to experiment in this sphere together with other volunteers. Nor does he seem to have read any monetary freedom books or articles. Of Arthur Kitson he seems to have read only his later writings, when A. K. had fallen for Social Credit ideas. - Considers under "monetary reform" ONLY government-“managed” currencies, expounding his own “ideal” utopia of this kind. J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Montagu Norman: A Study in Financial Statesmanship. - Territorial States and their governments, by their very nature, seem to be largely unable to engage in honest, voluntary, sound and economic financing. They operate on the basis of involuntary tax slavery. They have to become reduced to communities of volunteers. Then wronged, disappointed and exploited members could always opt out. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Primitive Money, London, 1948, 1949, Eyre & Spottiswoode. - Full of interesting instances according to Beckerath and Rittershausen. On the first primitive steps when people are not under monetary legislation & uninformed on the subject. LMP wants a copy, at what I consider a reasonable price. One is at Freiburg, Volkswirtsch. Seminar. It is a rather thick volume, over 800pp. I did not want to got to the expense to copy it in 1986. - J.Z.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Primitive Money in its Ethnological, Historical and Economic Aspects. 2nd. ed., Oxford, Pergamon Press, 1949 & revised and enlarged second ed. 1966. - Cowen & Kroszner. - (JZL, photocopy only.) with name and subject index and a bibliography in fine print from pages 521 to 541, which I am certainly not extracting and including here, since it does not contribute much to modern scientific theory and practice. Primitive man was certainly more inclined to experiment in this sphere than we are. With all the information available to the serious truth seeker in this sphere, the majority of voters and the candidates have come up with nothing better than the monetary despotism of central banking and they were stupid enough to put up with it for more than a century. Much but not all the blame is due to government-controlled education. - J.Z., 6.6.10.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, Primitive Money: in its Ethnological, Historical and Economic Aspects.' ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, 2nd series, vol.II, no.1, London, 1949. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, The Bank for International Settlements. Macmillan & Company, Ltd., London, 1930. - Edwin W. Kemmerer, Gold and the Gold Standard.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, The Destiny of Gold. Macmillan, London, 1972. - Timothy Green, The World of Gold Today. - Does it make any sense to speak of the destiny, the fate, the future, the history, the faith, the ideology, the philosophy of gold, it being, after all, a mere metal, not a conscious and rational entity? - J.Z., 26.5.10.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, The Exchange Clearing System. London, 1936.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, The Future of Gold.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, The History of Foreign Exchange. London, MacMillan’s Press, 1970. - Cowen & Kroszner, The Evolution of Media of Account.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, The Sterling-Dollar-Frank Tangle. Inflation whether organized or uncontrolled will provided the much needed solution of the world’s economic deadlock. London, Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co, 1933. 207pp. - With his subtitle he already condemned his “reasoning” sufficiently. - The nonsense written on money is comparable in volume only to that written on religion, philosophy, psychology and general economics. - How Money is MISmanaged would be a more accurate title. - J.Z., 23.3.10. - JZL.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, The Theory of Forward Exchange. London, 1937.

EINZIG, Dr. PAUL, World Finance.

EISLER, R., Stable Money. - G. D. H. Cole. - Cole classed him merely as a heretic, not as a crank. - J.Z. - Is anything quite stable? Even a diamond is not, if you could watch it on the molecular and atomic as well as the sub-atomic level. There it is mostly movement, continuous and fast, almost like in the bodies in a solar system or milky way, but also, not forever. - A hammer hit can smash them and fire can burn them. - Most governmental currencies are rarely stable for long. If they are provided in form of an exclusive currency then they would not always lead to inflations but can and often have led to severe deflationary or currency famine periods and to an almost continuous deflationary form of under-supply of currency, indicated e.g. by the saying: “The cursed hunger for gold.” - Once everybody is free and able to pay or be paid with alternative means of exchange and to clear his debts, using a sound and self-chosen value standard, with his capacity to “redeem” his ticket money or clearing certificates in the goods or services that he has to offer, then “the cursed hunger for gold” will tend to disappear and, largely, only a striving for economic well-being, based upon the own economic efforts, will remain. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

EISLER, ROBERT, This Money Maze (Simpkin Marshall). - Sir Leo Chiozza, Product Money, 1933. - G. D. H. Cole.

EKINS, PAUL, The Living Economy. A New Economics in the Making. Editor. Routledg & Kegan Paul, London & New York, 1986, with bibliography and index over 391 pp. - JZL only photocopied pages that are of some monetary or financial interest: Shan Turnbull: Cooperative land banks, p. 181ff. - Fred Harrison, Land Value Taxation, page 189ff. - Contributions by Michael Linton, Shann Turnbull and David Weston on the financial future, pp. 194ff. - David Dadman, Money as if People Mattered, pp. 203ff. More on cases like the Wörgle experiment with Gesell’s notions and the various LETSystem experiments than considering full monetary freedom. - J.Z., 10.6.10.

EKIRCH, ARTHUR A., Jr., The Idea of Progress in America, 1815-60. New York, 1944. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

ELIASON, ADOLPH O., The Rise of Commercial Banking Institutions in the United States. Minneapolis, 1901. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

ELIHU B. WASHBURNE, Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

ELIOT, FRANCIS PERCEVAL, Observations on the Fallacy of the Supposed Depreciation of the Paper Currency. 1811. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - Almost 200 years later, most statists are still in denial on this aspect of their national monopoly paper monies and forced currencies. - Not only in health and in love relationships are people often “in denial”. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

ELIOT, WILLIAM, A Letter to the Right Honourable the Chancellor of the Exchequer, on the Question Concerning the Country Banks of Issue of England and Wales; with Remarks on the Projected Establishment of "One General Bank of Issue." 1840. London, Longmans. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

ELLINGER, BARNARD, Credit And International Trade: How they Work in Practice. - MacMillan adv. in Henry Meulen, Free Banking, 1934. - Or why they do not work, sufficiently well, under governmental interventions. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ELLINGER, BARNARD, The City." On the money market. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947.

ELLIOT, JONATHAN, The Funding System of the United States and Great Britain. Washington, 1845.- Printed also as U. S. Congress, Exec. House Document Doc. No. 15, 28th Congress, Ist. Session. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - More accurately: Their official robbery systems? - J.Z., 27.3.10.

ELLIOTT, NICK, The Uses and Abuses of Money. - www.capital.demon.co.uk/LA’economic/money.txt - Politicians have often laboured under the delusion that money is something created and manipulable by themselves, when in fact it is the spontaneous institution of a free society and will continue to evolve in ways outside their grasp. - Roy Davies - It is also quite wrong to assume that all kinds of money can be abused in all kinds of ways. The money of monetary freedom will, e.g., be less likely to be forged or subject to robberies. All the differences in their nature and effects would make an interesting tabulation. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ELLIS, BILL, Mutual Credit, 3CE: Coalition for Cooperative Community Economics. Pamphlet #1: “Mutual Credit - DEFINITION A system in which participants agree to honor each others' credit in trading among themselves. It surmounts the limitations of barter, and serves as a local substitute for official money. Like money it provides an intermediary device which allows two parties to trade even though one of them may have nothing the other wants.” It lists 10 basic steps, resources and addresses, provides an example and explains, shortly, how it works. It seems to be a further development of the LETS system. - J.Z., 7.2.10. - Bill Ellis, Bill, TRANET, PO BOX 137, Rangeley ME 04970-0137 USA, (207)864-3784 - http://www.nonviolence.org/tranet/

ELLIS, C. A. A., The Science and Art of Economic Government. 1947, Australia, with 1951 leaflet. (Among Henry Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection. In his later book, Business, Government and All of Us, he had some rather despotic notions, e.g. on "stabilizing the price level" and, according to a talk and correspondence with him, he had no real understanding of legal tender and its consequences. He was a long-time subscriber to THE INDIVIDUALIST by Henry Meulen. Anyhow, I would like a copy. I corresponded with him for a while, until, in his old age, his horizon narrowed down too much for me. - J.Z. - Mine has largely narrowed down to two topics, which are, fortunately, rather large: monetary freedom and panarchism. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ELLIS, HOWARD S., A Survey of Contemporary Economics. (Editor), Philadelphia, 1949. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy.

ELLIS, HOWARD S., Die Wiederentdeckung des Geldes. In: Vollbeschäftigung, Inflation, Planwirtschaft. Erlenbach - Zürich, 1951. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Has it ever been quite forgotten by most people during the last few thousand years? - I find so much nonsense expressed already in the titles of texts. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ELLIS, HOWARD S., Exchange Control in Central Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1941. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - Has it any better record than e.g. price-, wage- and rent-controls? - J.Z., 4.4.10.

ELLIS, HOWARD S., German Monetary Theory, 1905-1933. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1934. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - I doubt very much that the monetary freedom philosophy of the German, Swiss and Jewish School, is included here. - It is largely being ignored even today. - J.Z., 30.3.10. - However, Cowen & Kroszner did refer to this title in Nov. 1990. - J.Z., 7.6.10.

ELLIS, Sir H., A General Introduction to Doomsday Book. Record Commission, 1833. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

ELLISON, JOSEPH, California and the Nation. Berkeley, California: Berkeley Press, 1929. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

ELLSWORTH, P. T., The International Economy. Rev. ed., New York: Macmillan, 1951. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

ELMSLOE, N., Report on the economic conditions in the Union of South Africa. - Department of Overseas Trade. - Max Franzke, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? 1931.

ELPHINSTONE, MOUNTSTUART, An account of the Kingdom of Caubul, and its dependencies in Persia, Tartary and India. London, 1839. 2 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. [Kabul?]

ELSON, HENRY W., History of the United States of America. New York, 1916. - Schilke & Solomon, America’s Foreign Coins … with Legal Tender Status in the US 1793-1857.

ELSTER, KARL, Die deutsche Not im Lichte der Währungstheorie. Gesammelte Aufsätze, Jena 1921, 124 Seiten.

ELSTER, KARL, Die Seele des Geldes, Jena 1920, 370 Seiten. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen. - Absurder Titel. Eine Seele hat das Geld nicht. - Glaubte der Verfasser, dass die „Seele“ des Geldes auch in den Himmel kommt? - Die „Seele“ ist kein wissenschaftlicher Ausdruck! Ich hörte vor über 50 Jahren über einen Vortrag von einem Ungarn, der schon 2,000 „Definitionen“ von „Seele“ gesammelt hatte. Über „Gott“ und „Geist“ gibt es wahrscheinlich noch mehr! - Andererseits, wie viele gibt es für Geld, Währung, Kredit, Zinsen, Verrechnung, Bankwesen? Auf zu vielen Gebieten „spukt“ es immer noch in den Köpfen. - J.Z., 2.5.10.

ELSTER, KARL, Über die zweite Auflage der Staatlichen Theorie des Geldes. JAHRBÜCHER FUER NATIONALOEKONOMIE UND STATISTIK, dritte Folge, Bd.56, 1918. S.80-93. - Knapp.

ELSTER, KARL, Zum heutigen Stande der geldtheoretischen und Währungspolitischen Probleme. In: WIRTSCHAFT UND VERWALTUNG, IN REICH, STAAT UND KOMMUNE, 1. Jahrgang, Berlin 1920. - Knapp. - Zu Problemen wurden sie erst durch politisch motivierte Einmischungen. - J.Z.

ELSTER, KARL, Zur Analyse des Geldproblems. In JAHRBÜCHER FÜR NATIONAÖKONOMIE UND STATISTIK, dritte Folge, Bd.54, 1917, S.257-303; Besonders S.301. - Knapp.

ELSTER, Prof. Dr. LUDWIG, Wörterbuch der Volkswirtschaft. In zwei Bänden, Jena, Verlag von Gustav Fisher, 1898. 1. Bd. 1092 S., 2. Bd., 1019 S. - JZL.

ELSTER, LUDWIG, Heyn, Otto. 1923. In Handwörterbuch der Staatswissenschaft. vol.5, edited by Elster, Ludwig; Weber, Adolf; and Wieser, Friedrich. Jena: Gustav Fischer. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

ELSTER, Vom Rubel zum Tscherwonjez. - R. C. Mills & E. R. Walker, Money.

ELTIS, W. A., & SINCLAIR, P. J. N., Money Supply and Exchange Rate. Oxford Economic Papers, July 1981, and Oxford University Press, 1981. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90. The foreign exchange rate of a national currency is a poor substitute for an internal free market rate for it, when it is issued competitively as an optional currency, e.g. as tax foundation money of a government, which has to compete, internally, with xyz other exchange media, privately issued, accepted and used. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

ELTIS, W. A., The Obstacles to European Monetary Union. mimeo, (1989) London: National Economic Development Office. - Dowd

ELTZBACHER, PAUL, Anarchism. (Translated from the German by Steven T. Byington). New York, 1900, 1908. 253pp, reproduced in PEACE PLANS 208. New printed edition, New York, 1960. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - He brings at least some details on Proudhon’s Bank of the People. - J.Z.

ELTZBACHER, PAUL, Der Anarchismus. 1900, 305pp, 36x, in PEACE PLANS 709.

ELVANDER, N., Collective Bargaining and Incomes Policy in the Nordic Countries: A Comparative Analysis. BRITISH JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, November 1974. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

ELY, BERT, No Deposit Reform, no Return to Stable Banking. 1985a. WALL STREET JOURNAL, March 5. - Milton Friedman, Has Government Any Role in Money?

ELY, BERT, Savings and Loan Crisis. IN David R. Henderson, ed., Fortune Encyclopedia of Economics, New York, Warner Books, 1993, p. 72. - George G. Kaufman.

ELY, BERT, The Big Bust: The 1930-33 Banking Collapse - Its Causes, Its Lessons. In: Catherine England and Thomas Huertas, eds., The Financial Services Revolution: Policy Directions for the Future. Boston, Kluwer Academic Press, 1988. - Stephen Horwitz, Keynes Special Theory. - The Cato Institute, Ch. 3. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - Maybe, if all monetary freedom contributions of women were extracted from a general monetary freedom bibliography and put together, it would appeal to more women than the general bibliography would? It would at least be worth a try to appeal thus to women’s libbers and to feminists. Female writers in this sphere are, so far, still all too few. They should, perhaps, uphold their own faction to get a better hearing or more readers for their writers. - As long as we have still trade unions and parliaments, I would also like special trade unions for women and a special parliament for them, their interests and their tax contributions. - If they want to set up a special State or Society, let them secede and organized exterritorially, in one or several panarchies. They could hardly do worse than most of the institutions did, so far, that are mainly by men. - However, I do not believe that e.g. female territorial presidents, prime ministers, chancellors etc. are part of the solution to any problem. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

ELY, BERT, Yes - Private Sector Depositor Protection is a Viable Alternative to Federal Deposit Insurance! 1985. Paper presented to the Conference on Bank Structure and Competition, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, May 2-3. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

ELY, RICHARD T., Monopolies and Trusts. N. Y., Macmillan, 1900. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

ELY, RICHARD T., Studies in the Evolution of Industrial Society. N. Y., Macmillan, 1903. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - If only it had been left alone by territorial governments, to really involved, peacefully, rightfully and effectively! - J.Z., 28.6.10.

ELY-CHAITLIN, MARC ERIC, Information Paper # 5. On his silver ounce certificates. P.O. Box 7075, Laguna Niguel, Ca 92 677 (Royal Territorial Government of the Free Territory of Ely-Chatelaine, Elyat monetary system etc.), 1985. - See also under Chaitlin. (He died some time ago. - J.Z., 26.5.10.)

EMERSON, RALPH WALDO, Journals. Edited by Edward W. Emerson and Waldo E. Forbes. 10 vols. Boston, 1909-14. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

EMERY, HENRY CROSBY, Review of Gustave de Molinari’s Labour-Exchanges. - Review (1894) of Gustave de Molinari's Labour-Exchanges (1893)

EMERY, HENRY CROSBY, Economic Development of the United States. Chap. 22 in Cambridge Modem History, vol. 7. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

EMERY, HENRY CROSBY, Speculation on the Stock and Produce Exchanges. Columbia Univ. Press, New York, 1896. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933.

EMERY, S. E. V., Seven Financial Conspiracies which have Sustained the American People. Chicago, 1887. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - Sustained? - J.Z.

EMMA'S PLACE, Welcome note. chuck@talo.ca 1/3rd page, with hints e.g. to Anarchist Encyclopedia Project & to The Octopus: Anti-Capitalist Database. - Will they get enough genuine anarchism rather than egalitarianism into their encyclopedia and will they get the real facts or just their bias into their anti-capitalist database? - J.Z. - It saves so much thinking and reading to simply blame everything on “capitalism”! - J.Z., 28.2.10. - In PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.799.

EMMINGER, OTMAR, Währungspolitik im Wandel der Zeiten. Frankfurt/ Main: Fritz Knapp Verlag 1966. - Flamant.

EMMINGHAUS, A., Geld u. Geldwirtschaft. In: Rentzsch, Handwörterbuch, 1866, 14PEACE PLANS, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 732.

EMMONS, W. H., Gold Deposits of the World. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1937. - Timothy Green, The World of Gold Today.

EMORY, BOBBY YATES, Banking for Free: Banking in a Free Society. 4pp, FORMULATIONS, Spring 1995. - JZL. - It can be free without being „for free“. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

EMORY, BOBBY YATES, Banking in a Free Society. 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1568, p.53. From home page of FREE NATION FOUNDATION.

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, Gold. 11th ed. (1910). S.v. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, Panic. 1970 ed. S.v. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, Real Bills Doctrine, some references in the 1958 edition, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 815. (This debate has been going on for about 200 years. Will it finally be settled? Help to do this in this, in my sphere or anywhere else. Best, perhaps, online or on disc, and via electronic “argument mapping”, so that no fact, opinion, idea, objection or argument, error or prejudices can any longer be easily overlooked. - See e.g. Kevin Dowd's and my own contribution, listed here. J.Z.)

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BANKING AND FINANCE. The 1931 edition of the Encyclopedia of Banking and Finance stated ‘this country is now thought to be panic-proof.’ - Klebaner.

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LAW AND ECONOMICS, 2000, Boudewijn Bouckaert and Gerrit De Geest eds., http://encyclo.findlaw.com/

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES, 15 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1930-35. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

ENCYCLOPEDIA, See: HENDERSON, DAVID R., The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.

ENCYCLOPEDIA, Joseph Lalor’s Cyclopædia of Political Science (1881)

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Arbeitslosigkeit. Woher sie kommt und wie man sie beheben kann. Frankfurter Institut für wirtschaftliche Forschung, Bad Homburg, 1984, 63 S. - JZL. - Deals only with conventional theories of cause and cure. No notion of its relation to monetary despotism. - At least I did not notice any there. - See, however, his following other writings. - J.Z.

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Die Realassetwährung - Währungsmonopol bei Notenemissionskonkurrenz. In Joachim Starbatty, Geldordnung u. Geldpolitik, Mohr, Tuebingen, 1982, S. 35-43. - JZL.

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Korreferat zu "Stabilisierungspolitische Aspekte der Wettbewerbsordnung im Banksystem. in "Stabilisierungspolitik in der Marktwirtschaft, Schriften des Vereins fuer Sozialpolitik, Bd. 85, II, Berlin, 1975. - Gerding

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Note Issue as a Branch of Banking. Unpublished manuscript, April 1977. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - There may be hundreds or even thousands of unpublished manuscripts on monetary freedom. They should at least be brought to the light of microfiche reading machines, or computer screens and thus made accessible to all those willing to use this technology. However, in this case at least the German original seems to have been printed. See the following entry. - J.Z.)

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Notenbanktechnik. 1979. - Freiburg Univ. Library. Appears to be only an examination of the note issue technique of central banks. - If I have understood him correctly. - J.Z.

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, Notenemission als Bankgeschäft. In: Suechting, J. (Hrsg), Der Bankbetrieb zwischen Theorie und Praxis, Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von K.F. Hagenmueller, Wiesbaden, Gabler, 1977, S 193ff. Gerding. 12 S., in PEACE PLAN 806.

ENGELS, WOLFRAM, The Optimal Monetary Unit. Real-Asset Currency, State Money Sovereignty, and the Private Issue of Banknotes. Frankfurt/M, Campus, 1981, 134pp. - JZL.

ENGERMAN, STANLEY L. & FOGEL, ROBERT W., Data presented to the Purdue Conference, February, 1965. - Temin, in his work on the Jacksonian economy. - Some people seem to have no idea on how to represent an idea or fact in a title, assuming that any ideas or facts were presented at that conference. - J.Z., 13.3.10.

ENGERMAN, STANLEY L., A Note on the Economic Consequences of the Second Bank of the United States. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 77 (July/August, 1970), 725-728. - Rockoff (1975).

ENGINEER, M., Bank runs and the suspension of deposit convertibility. (1989) JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS 24: 443-54. - Dowd

ENGLAND, CATHERINE & HUERTAS, THOMAS, The Financial Services Revolution: Policy Directions for the Future. eds., 1988, Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Cato Institute. - Schuler, Dowd.

ENGLAND, CATHERINE & PALFFY, JOHN, Replacing the FDIC: Private Insurance for Bank Deposits. Washington, D.C., HERITAGE FOUNDATION BACKGROUNDER, 229, 2 December 1982. - White, Competition & Currency. - Wells & Scruggs.

ENGLAND, CATHERINE, A Market Approach to the Savings and Loan Crisis. p.105. In: CRANE & BOAZ, An American Vision.

ENGLAND, CATHERINE, Agency Costs and Unregulated Banks: Could Depositors Protect Themselves? In England and Huertas, 1988. - Also in: THE CATO JOURNAL, Winter 1988.: 771-97, wiuth comment by A. James Meigs. - Schuler

ENGLAND, CATHERINE, Judging the 1991 reform effort: do US banks have a future? (1991) POLICY ANALYSIS 149, Washington, DC: Cato Institute. - Dowd

ENGLAND, CATHERINE, Nonbank banks are not the problem: outmoded regulations are. (1988) in C. England and T. Huertas (eds) The Financial Services Revolution, The Cato Institute, Ch. 9. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

ENGLAND, CATHERINE, The Case for Banking Deregulation. HERITAGE FOUNDATION BACKGROUNDER, 26 March 1982. - White, Competition & Currency.

ENQUÊTE SUR LES PRINCIPES ET LES FAITS GÉNÉRAUX QUI RÉGISSENT LA CIRCULATION MONÉTAIRE ET FIDUCIARE, 1865-66. Paris, Imprimerie Impériale, 1867. 2 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - 6 vol., 1867. - SMITH, VERA C. - Inflation also in volumes of books? - J.Z.

ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCE CENTRE, 1982 bartering project, with notes by J.Z., 2pp, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 740.

EPPICH, ERICH, 1921. Geld: Eine Sozialpsychologische Studie [Money: A Social Psychological Study]. München: Roesl & Cie. - T. Cowen & R. Kroszner, Nov. 90.

EPSTEIN, MAX, Die englische Goldminen-Industrie. 1904. - Max Franzke, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? 1931.

EQUALITY, West Brookfield, Mass.: O. S. Cook and Co., 1849. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

EQUITY PUBLISHING, How to Escape the Coin Monopoly. - A pamphlet bound together with a few others in a single volume. The cover page is missing, so I do not know its author, publisher, and date of appearance, but the rear page brings some books that Equity Publishing then offered, among them: Citizens Money, A lecture by Alfred B. Westrup in Chicago, which may be or may not be the title of this pamphlet, since both deal with “Product Cheques”. Perhaps they are two different titles but both written by Westrup. This and the following titles are also published by EQUITY PUBLISHING, Oakland, Calif. - 2.) Free Political Institutions: Their Nature, Essence and Maintenance. Author is not mentioned. From its abstract: “Freedom can never exist where political administration is not directly in the hands of the citizens, and shows how to do it, doing away with the whole medley of cost, corruption, and tyranny of Legislatures, Judges, and Elections.” - 3.) TUCKER, BENJAMIN R., Instead of a Book: By A Man Too Busy to Write One.

ERDMANN, O., Volkswirtschaftliche Saldenmechanik. In: WELTWIRTSCHAFTLICHES ARCHIV 1961, Heft 1. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

ERFFA, DAGMAR von, Wirtschaftslexikon. Humboldt-Verlag, Frankfurt/M - Wien, 1954. - When I noted, back in 1954/55: „Wie gross ist die Wahrscheinlichkeit dass ein derartiges Lexikon 10% richtige Definitionen enthält?“, Ulrich von Beckerath commented: 29.8.55: „Das meiste in dem Lexikon scheint mir richtig zu sein.“ - JZL.

ERHARD, LUDWIG, Prosperity Through Competition. Praeger, New York, 1958. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Alas, he did not extend it to fully monetary and financial freedom. - Will any politician ever do this? - J.Z., 19.3.10.

ERICKSON, ERLING A., Banking in Frontier Iowa. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1971. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski.

ERKENNUNGSZEICHEN ECHTER UND GEFÄLSCHTER BANKNOTEN UND MÜNZEN, Les System Keesing, Amsterdam. - Albert Pick

ERLEIGH, Viscount, The South Sea Bubble. New York, 1933. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

ERTEL, ERICH, Dr., Breslau, Der Schutz der Notenbanken vor den Kreditansprüchen der Staaten. BANKWISSENSCHAFT, 20.2.31. - This title was in Rittershausen's papers.

ERWIN, NASSE, Die Kündigung des Privilegiums der Reichsbank und der Privatnotenbanken. In PREUSSSISCHE JAHRBÜCHER. Heft 5, 1889. - Obst.

ESAREY, LOGAN, Internal Improvements in Early-Indiana. in INDIANA HISTORICAL SOCIETY PUBLICATIONS, Vol. V, No. 2. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

ESAREY, LOGAN, State Banking In Indiana, 1814-1873. INDIANA UNIVERSITY BULLETIN, X (April, 1912), 222-305. - Rockoff (1975). - In: INDIANA UNIVERSITY STUDIES, No. 1, Bloomington, Ind., 1912.. - McGrane +

ESAREY, LOGAN. The First Indiana Banks. INDIANA QUARTERLY MAGAZINE OF HISTORY (December, 1910), VI, 144-158. - Remini.

ESCHENBACH, A., Zur Börsenreform. 1. Termingeschäft und Börsenreform. II. Produkten-Termingeschäft und seine Reform. III. Der Fragebogen der Enquete-Kommission. 1892, Verlag von PUTTKAMMER & MÜHLBRECHT, Berlin. - Fritz Schumann, Die Privatnotenbanken, 1909.

ESCHER, F., Modern Foreign Exchange. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947.

ESCHER, V., Der Einfluß der Steuertermine auf die Liquidität der Geschäftsbanken und die Refinanzierung der Geschäftbanken beim Zentralbanksystem. Diss. Köln 1957. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

ESCRICHE, D. JOAQUIN, Diccionario Razonado de Legislation y Jurisprudencia. Paris, 1869. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

ESPERO, FORUM FUER LIBERTAERE GESELLSCHAFTS- UND WIRTSCHAFTSORDNUNG, Periodical: "espero", brochures and books, Mackay Gesellschaft, Berlin, Hamburg: www.utespero.de - www.alibro.de - www.anares.org - Uwe Timm Utespero@aol.com & Jochen Knoblauch knobi@t-online.de - 12, Jhrg., Nr. 45 Sept. 05. At least "espero" in its latest issues is now online or available by email - but not yet, I believe, the German originals of the 3 anarchist books of John Henry Mackay, although I supplied two of their digitized texts to this society. One can remain too much addicted to print on paper, just because it is still the most popular medium for reading matter. - J.Z., 22..5.10.

ESTERMANN, THOMAS, HAEMMERLI, M., JEHLE, B. Alternative Geldmodelle. Zwei Beiträge zur praktischen Umsetzung (Talent-Experiment, Bonus-System). Vertrieb: INWO Schweiz, Postfach, CH-5001 Aarau. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de - (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

ESTERMANN, THOMAS, Schuldenfreies Tauschgeld TALENT. - Entwurf einer grundlegenden Geldreform. Thomas Estermann, Juli 94. - Broschüren im Vertrieb des INWO D. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de - (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

ETTINGER, RICHARD P. & GOLIEB, DAVID E., Credits and Collections. 5th ed., Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1962. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - Gottlieb?

EUCKEN, WALTER, Deutschland vor und nach der Währungsreform. In: Vollbeschäftigung, Inflation, Planwirtschaft, Erlenbach - Zürich 1951. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

EUCKEN, WALTER, Kritische Betrachtungen zum deutschen Geldproblem. Jena 1923. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Geldprobleme haben keine Nationalität. Nur staatliche und gesetzlich legitimierte Einmischungen in dieser Sphäre sind „national“ - im schlechtesten Sinne. - Geldfreiheit hat keine Probleme. Gelddespotismus hat viele and schafft viele and kann sie nicht abschaffen. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

EUCKEN, WALTER, On the Theory of the Centrally Administered Economy. ECONOMICA, May 1948. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

EUCKEN, WALTER, The Foundations of Economics. Translated by T. W. Hutchinson, London, Hodge, 1950..- ROBERT L. GREENFIELD & LELAND B. YEAGER, 1983.

EUCKEN, WALTER, Theory of the Centrally Administered Economy. ECONOMICA, May, 1948. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Centrally and coercively mismanaged economy - would be a more accurate description. Economic relationships and their decisions can no more be safely delegated to bureaucrats and politicians than can e.g. one’s eating, work, religion, philosophy, reading, conversations, studies, hobbies, artistic choices and thousands of other things, decisions and actions that make up the life of an individual. - The smallest instance is the family tyrant, the largest the national “leader” or, rather, “mis-leader”. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

EULENBERG, F., Grundriß der Sozialökonomie. Tübingen 1929. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

EUROPEAN GUIDE TO GOLD, with Summary of National Gold Regulations - by 31 Dec. 1984, in PEACE PLANS 738.

EVANS, EASTWICK, [THE BELARIUS OF CYMBELINE]. Work (in Six Numbers) in Favor of the Constitutionality of a National Bank. Washington, D.C.: L. Towers and Co., 1862. - SHADE, G. W. (1972). - Even the constitutionality of a great wrong and monopoly cannot make it morally and economically right but merely legal and constitutional. - unless a constitution is only applied to those volunteers, who support it for their own affairs, just like they might engage in any religious, sports or art activity, at their own expense and risk. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

EVANS, GEORGE H., Business Incorporations in the United States, 1800-1943. PUBLICATIONS OF THE NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH, No. 49. New York, 1948. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

EVATT, H. V., Australian Labour Leader. (abridged edition), Sydney, 1954. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A. - Such party “leaders” are, probably, the last ones to recognize and help realize any of the monetary and financial freedom options, although their members would benefit most from them. Ulrich von Beckerath tried, persistently, for over 50 years to influence German Social Democrats in this direction. Then, finally, he gave up in disgust. I was already disgusted with them after only a few months. - However, I do believe that, in most other respects, he was my mental superior. - It was very rare that I could fault him on anything, while he was able to refute me on many points. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

EVERETT, EDWARD, The Financial Distress of the Year 1857. MOUNT VERNON PAPERS. New York, 1860. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

EVITT, H. E., A Manual of Foreign Exchange. - Sykes, Ernest, Banking and Currency, 9th ed., 1947.

EVOLUTION, Organ der INWO Schweiz. Postfach, CH-5001 Aarau, Tel. 0041-64-228486, Fax 0041-64-241730. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de  (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

EWAN, C. L, Lotteries and Sweepstakes. London, 1932. - Sobel, The Curbstone Brokers. - Like system gambling, participating in them is inherently irrational, if one hopes to win, in balance. However, in cases of low costs per involvement, as e.g. with “scratchies”, they can provide subjective value pleasures at low cost. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

EWART, JAMES E., Money. Principia Publishing, Inc., 1999, Seattle, WA., pp.27ff. - L. Parks of FAME.ORG.

EWER, FERDINAND, Diary in California. Historical Society. San Francisco. - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

EWING, JOHN, Papers. Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, Ind. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

EXPANSION WITHOUT INFLATION, RESEARCH PAPER No. 2, A Program for National Recovery, published by the Sponsoring Committee of the National Recovery Program, London, members: Commonwealth Industries Association Ltd.. and Economic Research Council, May, 1968, 33pp., signed by 19 listed people, of whom I know, somewhat, through some of their writings, only Professor Colin Clark and Prof. C. Northcote Parkinson. - Favors central banking’s all too often very much mis-managed money, a system inherently unmanageable, as a centralistic, monopolistic and coercive system, with the aim to hold the general price level constant, i.e., it offers only its kind of monetary despotism. - J.Z., 9.4.10. - JZL. - People free to price their goods, labor and services in value standards that they consider to be sound, will hold the average price level, so expressed, as stable as it could and should be and no more. Free prices, wages, interest rates and fees, measured in sound value standards, should express all the economic changes involved. Actually, the prices for human services should go up, while the prices for mass produced goods should go down. - I would not like to see a stable price level for all goods and for all human services. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

EXPOSITION DU PRIX DES DENRÉES EN CANADA: Observations, CANADIAN ARCHIVES CIIE, X, pp.256-258. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

EXTER, JOHN, Speech presented to the National Council of State Legislators. Washington, D.C., May 8, 1985. - Dr. James L. Green, Investments and Sound Money, in MM, undated.

EXTRAIT DES REGISTRES DU CONSEIL SUPÉRIEUR DE QUÉBEC, CANADIAN ARCHIVES, Collection Moreau St. Mery, VI, 21 février 1683, pp.55-58. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

EYRES, STEPHEN, The Fatal Temptation. THE FREE NATION (published by the National Association for Freedom, London) September 3, 1976. - “   the managing editor of The Free Nation has written a somewhat critical review of the Heath incomes policies …” - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - We should develop effective policies against all the policies that territorial politicians try to impose upon us or keep imposed upon us. Individual and group secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers, an ideal declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties, an ideal militia for their protection, to the extent that they are recognized and practised for their own affairs, among volunteers, are, perhaps, the most important aspects of such a ‘policy” against politicians and bureaucrats and their militarists, the three most dangerous power addicts. That policy would automatically lead to monetary and financial freedom as well. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

EZELL, JOHN, Fortune's Merry Wheel. Cambridge, 1960. - Sobel, The Curbstone Brokers. - As if only luck were involved! - J.Z., 28.6.10.

EZRA POUND, A.B.C. of Economics. 1933, by Faber and Faber, Ltd. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

EZRA POUND, An Introduction to the Economic Nature of the U.S.A. Peter Russell, London. - Ezra Pound, ABC of Economics, 1933.

EZRA POUND, Gold and Work. - Ezra Pound, ABC of Economics, 1933.

EZRA POUND, Six Money Pamphlets. - Ezra Pound, ABC of Economics, 1933.

EZRA POUND, Social Credit. - Ezra Pound, ABC of Economics, 1933. - He also wrote: “Jefferson and/or Mussolini.” Both titles are mentioned here only to indicate his inclinations, at least at one stage of his life. - J.Z., 18.4.10.)

EZRA POUND, What is Money For? - Ezra Pound, ABC of Economics, 1933.

 

F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F

F.Z., FREIWIRTSCHAFTLICHE ZEITUNG. Eine wirtschaftspolitische Wochenschrift gegen Geld- und Bodenmonopol. Herausgeber Otto Lautenbach. „Paul Nagel ist ständiger Mitarbeiter.“ Verlag Der F.Z., Halle (Saale), Mauerstr. 2. - Siehe Paul Nagel, Geld und Boden. - He was one of the very few tolerant Gesellian money reformers that I know of. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

FABRA, PAUL, On economic affairs, in LE MONDE, Wednesday, July 24, 1985. - Dr. James L. Green, Investments and Sound Money, in MM, undated.

FABRIZIO, CLEMENS, Notgeld-Wanderausstellung, vom 6.10. bis 31.10.1980 in der Sparkasse Freiburg, 8 S., announcement, microfiched in PEACE PLANS 765. - JZL. - By now the full collection could and should be put permanently online or become offered on a disc. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

FACT SHEET, published by Willis E. Stone, Los, Angeles 90028. - Harry Browne.

FAERBER, HEINRICH, Ergokrat, Die Irrlehre Silvio Gesells. 31 S., undatiert, in PEACE PLANS 804.

FAIG, M., Characterization of the optimal tax on money when it functions as a medium of exchange. (1988) JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS, 22, pp.137-48. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - There is no such thing as a rightful, far less an optimal tax on money. - Except, naturally, among volunteers, who do agree on such nonsense - at their own expense and risk. - J.Z., 25.5.10.

FAIG, M., Optimal Taxation of Money Balances. (1986) unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - In balance there is nothing optimal about any form of taxation. Murray N. Rothbard wrote much about that which I can only fully agree with. - J.Z., 28.6.10. - It is depressing to consider how many people still believe that they could achieve anything rightful and positive through taxation, morally more rightful and more economical than it could be achieved through voluntary, private and cooperative actions and institutions. It seems that we are mostly the offspring of slaves and serfs. Even in our times most of the well-off people have relatively few children and most of the aristocratic bloodlines died out, when attempts were made to keep them “pure”. - J.Z., 10.7.10.

FAIRBANK, JOHN KING, Trade and Diplomacy on the China Coast. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1953). - Temin.

FAIRCHILD, MAHLON D., Reminiscences of a Forty-Niner. CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY 13 (March, 1934). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

FAKIOLAS, R., Problems of Labor Mobility in the USSR. SOVIET STUDIES, 14 July 1962. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - Monetary and financial freedom would also increase the mobility of labor - anywhere. - J.Z., 24.4.10. - As far as I know, most of the “labor mobility” that existed then and there was either compulsory or forbidden. - Naturally, apart from whatever black market transactions are still possible under totalitarianism. - All “studies”, research and experiments, and official employment had to toe the current party line. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

FALERO, FRANK, Jr., A Monetary History of Honduras, 1950-1968. 1972, Office of Business Development and Government Services, College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky. - Schuler

FALKNER, R. P., The Private Issue of Token Coins. POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY, Vol. 16. - Carothers, Fractional Money. On Jackson and Civil War token money. Copy wanted by LMP. - FAULKNER ( OR FALKNER? ) was mentioned in "MONETARY NOTES" by WALTER E. SPAHR. Beckerath tried in vain to find out more on F. and thought that Sparks was wrong in attacking F.. - J.Z.

FALKNER, S. A., Das Papiergeld der Französischen Revolution. München-Leipzig, 1924. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

FAMA, EUGENE F. & SCHWERT, G. WILLIAM, Inflation, Interest, and Relative Prices. JOURNAL OF BUSINESS 52 (April 1979): 183-209. - Gerald P. O’Driscoll, Jr., July 86.

FAMA, EUGENE F., Banking in the Theory of Finance. JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS 6(1) (January 1980): 39-57. - Cowen & Kroszner. - JZL. - Selgin.

FAMA, EUGENE F., Fiduciary Currency and Commodity Standards. Mimeograph. - White, Competition & Currency. Unpublished, University of Chicago, Jan. 82. - Robert E. Hall.

FAMA, EUGENE F., Financial Intermediation and Price Level Control. 1983. JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS 12 (July): 7-28. - Selgin, The Evolution of a Free Banking System.

FAMA, EUGENE F., What's different about banks? (1985) JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS, 15, pp.29-39. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

FAME, FedWatch. 1p in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, p.129.

FAME, Fighting for Honest Monetary Weights & Measures. 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1610, Feb. 2000, p.122.

FAME, Labor's Heritage Supports Honest Monetary Weights and Measures. 1999, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, p.127

FAME, Notable Quotes. 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, p.120

FAME, THE FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MONETARY EDUCATION, 1995/96, introduction and title list, 5pp. 211 East 43rd St., NY, NY 10017-4707, tel.: (212) 818-1298 488. - FAME, Contact pages, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, pages 107, 122, 123. - LPARKS@FAME.ORG - FAME, Reading List, 1p, in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, p.124. - Home Page, 3pp, in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, p.106. - FAME, Links, 1p, in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, p.119. - Not yet included here. - J.Z., 27.2.10. - FAME, Trustees, Advisors, Scholars, etc., 1p, in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, p.110. - A directory to all still living and active monetary freedom scholars, students and researchers is long overdue. - J.Z., 27.2.10. - FAME, Publications, 2pp listing in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, p.125. - Not yet included here. - J.Z., 27.2.10. - FAME: The Foundation for the Advancement of Monetary Education - www.fame.org/ - The goal of FAME's web site is to become the principal source of intellectual ammunition in support of "honest money." - Roy Davies - Are they more than the usual gold bugs? Do they take free clearing, using gold weight units as value standards, serious, too, or do they simply ignore it by their insistence on metallic redemption exchange media, which can never become as far expanded as a very extensive division of labor and ever growing production and exchange of goods, services and labor do demand? - J.Z., 10.2.10.

FAN HUNG, Mr. Keynes and Marx on the Theory of Capital Accumulation, Money and Interest. REVIEW OF ECONOMIC STUDIES 7 (October 1939.): 28-41. - Frank Vorhies

FANE, G., The Development of Monetary Institutions in Australia from Federation to the Second World War. (1988) mimeo, Canberra: Australian National University. - Dowd

FANNO, MAR, Le banche e il mercato monetario. Rome: Athenaeum, 1912. - SMITH, VERA C.

FAR EASTERN ECONOMIC REVIEW, Circulation Notes' in Rural China, 1957. April 11. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION, Annual Reports. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. - How successful has any government administration ever been? At least those, to whom the length, weight and volume measures were entrusted, have not yet abused their government franchise, to my knowledge. - But then they are exposed to vast number of privately produced measures of this kind, although these measures are often not as accurate as the originals are. But they are good enough to indicate significant changes away from the originals. That is, probably, why such changes are not made by the “authorities” in these spheres. If each were free to adopt or reject or discount a governmental means of payment or value standard, then these kinds of frauds would become impossible for governments, too. - J.Z., 4.4.10.

FARMER, D. L., Some Grain Price Movements in 13th Century England. Vol. x, no. 2, 1957. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

FARMER, SILAS, History of Detroit and Wayne County and Early Michigan. 3rd ed. Detroit: Farmer & Co., 1890. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

FARMERS ALMANAC, Boston, 1793-1873. - Carothers

FARR, JAMES F., An Estate Planner's Handbook. 3rd ed., Boston: Little, Brown, 1966. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

FARRANT, ANDREWS, Adam Smith on Money, Banking and Macroeconomic Order. - LIBERTARIAN HERITAGE No.16. (A paper published by the Libertarian Alliance). - Roy Davies - Adam Smith on Money, Banking and Macroeconomic Order - www.capital.demon.co.uk/LA/heritage/banking.txt

FARRER, Lord, Sir THOMAS HENRY, Studies in Currency, or, Inquiries into Certain Modern Problems Connected with the Standard of Value and the Media of Exchange. MacMillan, London: 1898. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - New York, Kelley reprint, 1968, indexed, 415pp. “Hard-hitting free market essays on bimetallism, the gold standard, legal tender and world currencies. Debunks a host of fallacies.” - LFB comment. - JZL. Among other things, on legal tender, 39ff, and gold clearing standard, XV/XVI. - J.Z.

FARRER, Lord, Sir THOMAS HENRY, What Do We Pay With? 1889, by Cassell and Company, Ltd. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

FARWELL, JOHN V., Some Recollections of John V. Farwell. Chicago, 1911. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

FARWELL, LORING C. et al, Financial Institutions. (eds.) 4th ed., Homewood: Irwin, 1966. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

FAUCHEIRE, H., Umrisse einer genossenschaftlichen Ideengeschichte. II. Teil, Basel 1925. - Gisin (1955). - If it were comprehensive enough then it would also have a section on cooperative banks issuing banknotes and e.g. coops of local shops issuing shop currency and on voluntary societies ans “States” that do issue tax- or contribution-based monies for their expenditures and their revenues. - J.Z., 28.6.10, 10.7.10.

FAUCHER, LEON, Recherches sur l'Or et 1'Argent. Paris, 1843. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

FAULKNER, C. C, The Commonwealth Bank of Australia. Sydney, 1923. - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

FAULKNER, ROLAND P., The Private Issue of Token Coins. POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY 16, 1901, pp.320-22. - Timberlake. - That might be the FAULKNER ( OR FALKNER? ) mentioned in "MONETARY NOTES" by Walter E. Spahr, which U. v. Beckerath tried, in vain, to find out more about. Apparently, he was not a metallic redemption fanatic like Spahr and was, therefore, attacked by Spahr - for all the wrong reasons. - I would like to get a copy of it. - If we were to freely exchange at least electronic copies of such texts then our private reference libraries could build up fast. - But if would, probably, be more economical if we sent them all to one or a few collection points, which would combine them online or on discs, so that one could easily download or cheaply purchase them. - J.Z., 26.5.10. - See under FALKNER, R. P.

FAUSER, OTTO, Meliorationen, Berlin & Leipzig, G. J. Göschen’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Gmbh., 1913, indexed, 115pp, JZL - Also: by the same author: 1.) Kulturtechnische Bodenverbesserungen. I. Allgemeine Entwässerung, Sammlung Göschen Band 691, Walter de Gruyter & Co., vormals G. J. Göschen’sche Verlangsbuchhandlung, etc., 4. neubearbeitetete Auflage, Berlin 1947, indexed, 122pp. - 2.) Same author: Kulturtechnische Bodenverbesserungen, II. Bewässerung, Ödlandkultur, Umlegung, same publisher, Berlin, 4. neubearbeitetete Auflage, 1948, indexed, 150pp. - JZL. - Baurat Otto Fauser’s writings on this subject are of financial interest, since they indicate the possible very high returns of sensible agricultural improvements, provided only that the sale of the additional produce, thanks to monetary freedom and free trade, would be no problem. This means, that e.g. old age insurance funds could then be very profitably invested, e.g. there, at high interest rates, which would still not be a burden for the debtors, since they would be only a fair share in their high returns from these investments. Absence of usury laws, price controls, penalizing tax rates and other government interventions is, naturally, also presumed here. - J.Z., 16.3.10. - JZL.

FAUST, ALBERT BERNHARDT, The German Element in the United States; With Special Reference to its Political, Moral, Social, and Educational Influence. 2 vols. Boston, 1909. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks. - Were there any monetary and financial freedom advocates among them? None come to my mind. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FAVRE, JEAN, Les Banques au Méxique. Paris, 1907.

FAVRE, JEAN, Les Changes Dépréciés. Paris, 1906.

FAWCETT, W. L., Gold and Debt. Chicago, 1877. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885. - How many misconceptions are connected with these two terms? - Without the presumed or legally enforced right of creditors to demand gold in payment, gold works very well - “merely” as a standard of value. In principle and in practice the value standard should be sufficiently separated from - and yet combined with - the exchange medium, which is using the value standard, without both, necessarily, being identical. When not identical (i.e. as in the case of sound rare metal coins, that are not exclusive means of exchange), the alternative exchange media must express and at any time measure the mere exchange medium against the value standard they express. In that case a mere paper or plastic exchange medium can be as good as e.g. gold - if its issue and reflux are sufficiently secured, e.g. by wanted goods and services or short term debts expressed in gold weight units, or tax tributes regularly levied, all of them expressing a sufficient short-term demand for such media - to give them the wanted purchasing or payment or clearing power, a value at par with their nominal value standard. - Alas, this reality is harder to express and to comprehend than e.g. 100% metallic redemptionism. However, it offers many more sound and free exchange media and clearing options. This monetary freedom or free note-issuing banking can keep up with man’s increasing productivity and increased standard of living options, which require many more free exchanges. It allows all possible and desired exchanges to take place, naturally, together with free clearing, and much higher total turnovers, using any sound and self-chosen value standard. Thus neither the exchange medium or its value standard will tend to become depreciated, locally, even while in others than their local currency spheres, their exchange rate against a sound value standard might be somewhat below par, just like foreign exchange is now in other countries, under floating exchange rates. - J.Z.,19.4.10.

FDIC, Bank Obligation Insurance Systems, 1829 to 1866. In 1953 ANNUAL REPORT, pp.45-67. Washington, D.C.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 1953. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski.

FDIC, FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION, U.S., Annual Report. 1934. - Schuler

FDIC, State Deposit Insurance Systems." In 1956 ANNUAL REPORT, pp. 47-73. Washington, D.C.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 1956. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski.

FDIC, State Systems of Bank Obligation Insurance. In 1952 ANNUAL REPORT, pp.59-72. Washington, D.C.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 1952. - Clifford F. Thies & Daniel A. Gerlowski.

FEARON, PETER, War, Prosperity, and Depression. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1987, 94. - Tyler Cowen, Why Keynesianism Triumphed or, Could so Many Keynesians Have Been Wrong?

FEAVEARYEAR, ALBERT E., The Pound Sterling. A History of English Money. (Sir ALBERT) London: Oxford University Press, 1931, 1960, 1963. Second (3rd?) edition, revised by E. Victor Morgan, Oxford University Press. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, indexed, with bibliography, 446pp. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - Malt tax tickets and lottery tickets passed as currency, according to p.147. A kind of tax foundation money or tax anticipation certificates is reported on pp.101ff & 125. - JZL.

FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION, FDIC, Annual Reports. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

FEDERAL HOME LOAN BOARD, Annual Reports. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

FEDERAL HOUSING ADMINISTRATION, Annual Reports. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF ATLANTA, Fundamental Facts About U.S Money. (n.d.) - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.- I doubt very much that it includes all the fundamentals of monetary freedom and of financial freedom. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF BOSTON, After the Phillips Curve: Persistence of High Inflation and High Unemployment. Proceedings of a conference held at Edgartown, Massachusetts, June 1978. Boston: Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO Two Faces of Debt., 1992. - www.reinventingmoney.com - Really an FB title? - J.Z.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO, Competition in Banking: The Issues." In Fenstermaker, J. van, ed. Readings in Financial Markets and Institutions. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969: 421-430. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - Does it include a section considering the rightfulness and desirability of competing note-issuing banks in the own country, i.e. apart from the central banks of other countries? - I very much doubt that, but Pamela Brown seems to have discovered there something going in that direction. - J.Z.,

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO, Competition in Banking: What is Known? What is the Evidence? In Fenstermaker, J. van, ed. Readings in Financial Markets and Institutions. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969: 431-444. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - The times are changing - when even publications of the FED do explore the free banking options! - J.Z., 13.4.10.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO, Modern Money Mechanics., 1992. - www.reinventingmoney.com - A text to use the advice: “Know thy enemy!”? - J.Z., 17.2.10.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO, The International Monetary System in Transition. A Symposium Sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Chicago, 1972. - Bareau, The Disorder in World Money.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK, Money and Economic Balance. 1968. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK, Understanding the M's in Monetary Policy. 1994. - www.reinventingmoney.com - I would not expect much understanding to come from there, especially when it comes to the potential for sound private money isssues and clearing centers. However, even in that legalized and powerful body some opponents to this system have arisen and some even got their papers published by it. - J.Z., 17.2.10. - Many revolutions, not only conspiracies and putsches, began at the court, the central government. Sometimes even its secret police force and its special security forces were involved. “Who guards the guardians?” Let us opt out from all “guardianship” and “protection” - to do our own things, at our own risk and expense. A 16 year old girl recently sailed around the world in a small boat, non-stop and alone. Let all of us have the same kind of freedom in all spheres, always at the own risk and expense. Even if that were to cost many lives of these volunteers, willingly risked by them. - J.Z., 26.5.10.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF ST. LOUIS & CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF AMERICAN BUSINESS, Stabilization Policies: Lessons from the 1970s and Implications for the 1980s. St. Louis: Center for the Study of American Business, Washington University, April 1980. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK: The Federal Reserve System: Purposes and Functions. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC 1961. - www.reinventingmoney.com - It does not function to fulfill its pretended and legalized purposes but functions well as a government system to exploit and mislead its subjects, often even into wars, not only numerous economic crises. To confine this system to its voluntary supporters would only be poetic justice. Perhaps one should insist on a minimum period for such a “sentence”? - J.Z., 17.2.10.

FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD, Report of the Committee on Member Bank Reserves of the Federal Reserve System. Washington, 1931. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

FEDERAL RESERVE BULLETIN, Bank Credit Card Service Organization and the Bank Service Corporation Act. November 1967, pp. 1912-13. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

FEDERAL RESERVE BULLETIN. Monthly. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking. E.g. the FEDERAL RESERVE BULLETIN 26 (1940), p.280, is referred to by Klebaner.

FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM, Public Information Materials. Issue 10, 1990-1991, 48pp. A self-serving listing of texts, film and video materials offered by the system. Know your enemy! - J.Z. - JZL. - When even FED officials and consultants begin to study monetary freedom alternatives and publish such material then there is hope for us still. The change might even come quite suddenly and comprehensively, like the downfall of the Berlin Wall and of the Iron Curtain. - J.Z., 13.5.10. - However, most of their “information” material is, probably, still full of mis-information. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FEDERN, WALTER, Metallist und staatliche Geldtheorie. DER ÖSTERREICHISCHE VOLKSWIRT, im 6. Jahrgang, 1914, Nr. 36-41; und die Artikelfolge „Krieg und Geldlehre“ im 9. Jahrgang, 1917, Nr. 36-50 und 10. Jahrgang, 1917, Nr.1. - Knapp.

FEDERN, WALTER, Moderne Geldtheorie im österreichischen Bankprivilegium. In SCHMOLLERS JAHRBUCH, Band XXXV, 3.Heft, 1911, S.343-363; bespricht die Einwirkung der Staatlichen Theorie des Geldes auf die Gesetzgebung Österreich-Ungarn. Vergleiche auch: NEUE FREIE PRESSE, 1. Dezember 1910, S. 3 unten, die Rede von Bilinski. - Knapp. - Genau wie, später, die Schriften von Keynes, gab das Buch von Knapp den Politikern die mit der Währung und den Zahlungsmitteln Missbräuche vornehmen wollten, einen „wissenschaftlichen“ Anstrich. - J.Z., 9.3.10.

FEDERN, WALTER, Zur Erneuerung des Bankprivilegiums. In: MITTEILUNGEN DER INDUSTRIELLEN VEREINIGUNG, 1911, Nr.4 (Wien), S.38. - Knapp. - Haben die Industriellen oft genug gegen dieses Privileg Stellung genommen? Auch hier, wahrscheinlich, nicht. - J.Z., 8.3.10.

FEHRENBACH, T. R., The Swiss Banks. McGraw Hill, N.Y., 1966. - Smith, Jerome F., The Coming Currency Collapse, 1980.

FEIBELMANN, E., Die schweizerischen Notenbanken und der gegenwärtige Zustand der Centralisationsfrage. Zeitschr. f. d. ges. Staatswiss., 53 (1897), S. 633 fg. Elster, Notenbank.

FEIS, H., Europe, the World's Banker. - G. D. H. Cole.

FEKETE, ANTAL E., Borrowing Short and Lending Long: Illiquidity and Credit Collapse. - CMRE Monographs No.38. 1990.

FEKETE, ANTAL E., Deflation: Retrospect and Prospect. - CMRE Monographs No.45.

FEKETE, ANTAL E., Irredeemable Currency: The Destroyer of Capital. - CMRE Monographs No.439.

FEKETE, ANTAL E., Resumption of Gold Convertibility of the U. S. Currency. Intro. by Rep. William C. Dannemeyer. - CMRE Monographs No.41, 1990.

FEKETE, ANTAL E., Whither Gold? 1996, 26pp, in PEACE PLANS 1613, Feb. 2000, p.130., 129 Kbs Text, in my first CD. http://www.fame.org/HTM/Fekete_Anatal_Whither_Gold_AF-001-B.HTM - "Whither Gold" was the winner of the International Currency Prize in 1996, sponsored by Bank Lips Ltd., Zurich, Switzerland.” - Larry Parks.

FELCH, ALPHEUS, Early Banks and Banking in Michigan. MPHC, 2 (1880): 111-24. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks. - Sen. Ex. Doc. 38, 52d Cong., 2d Sess. (pamphlet). - White, Horace, (1895ff.) - Michigan Pioneer Collections, II (1880), 111-129. - Rockoff (1975).

FELCH, ALPHEUS, Michigan's Court of Chancery. MPHC, 21 (1894): 324-35. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

FELCH, ALPHEUS, Papers. Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library, Detroit, Mich. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

FELLNER, WILLIAM, The Dollar's Place in the International System. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC LITERATURE, vol. X, September 1972. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

FELS, GERHARD, Der internationale Preiszusammenhang. Eine Studie über den Inflationsimport in der Bundesrepublik. Köln 1969. - Flamant. - Es ist so leicht immer die Fremden zu blamieren für die Resultate der eignen Fehler und Unterlassungen! Es ist eine moderne Verückheit ausländische Währungen (Devisen) zur „Deckung“ der Überemissionen der eignen Zentralbank zu benutzen. Selbst Goldmünzen und Goldbarren werden ganz unnötig für diesen „Zweck“ verwandt. Diese Schätze werden den Produzenten und Konsumern geraubt und dienen dort den Zentralbanken nur zu spekulativen Missbräuchen, unter allerlei Vorwänden. Sie halten die Zentralbanken aber nicht in Schranken. Das könnte nur geschehen durch Abschaffung ihrer Monopole und Vorrechte. - J.Z., 11.3.10.

FELT, JOSEPH B., An Historical Account of Massachusetts Currency. Boston, 1839. - White, Horace, (1895ff.) - Carothers, Fractional Money.

FENSTERMAKER, JOSEPH van, The Development of American Commercial Banking, 1782-1837. Kent, Ohio, Kent State Univ. Bureau of Economic and Business Research, Printed Series No. 5. 1965. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks. - Schuler

FENTON, R., A Treatise of Usurie. London, 1611. - J. D. Unwin, Hopousia, 1940.

FERGUSON, ADAM: When Money Dies: The Nightmare of the Weimar Collapse. - When Money Dies: The Nightmare of the Weimar Collapse - London: Kimber, 1975. - Online at the Mises Institute. - Money neither lives nor dies. But it is often and gradually to fast destroyed in its value, with the help of the legalized issue monopoly and the legal tender power given to State paper money - to the advantage of a few politicians and their cronies - and to the disadvantage of the many, fundamentally wronging the latter. But in their ignorance, and with their many errors and prejudices, the masses are all too often consenting victims. - J.Z., 21.2.10.

FERNOW, B., Coins and Currency of New York. In: Memorial History of New York, Vol. 4. New York, 1900. - Carothers, Fractional Money. Meant are only the coins and currencies of a few privileged institutions in New York, which also never enjoyed fully free banking for note-issuing banks. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FERRARA, FRANCESCO, Il Corso Forzato de Biglietti di Banco in Italia. 1866. NUOVA ANTOLOGIA (March and June). - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

FERRARA, FRANCESCO, Gli antichi banchi di Venezia. In: NUOYA ANTOLOGIA, XVI (1871), pp. 435-66. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934.

FERRARA, FRANCESCO, La Questione de Banchi in Italia. 1933. In Giuseppe Bottai and Celestino Azeno, eds., Nuova Collana di Economisti, vol. 2: Economisti Italiani del Risorgimento. Turin: Unione Tipografico-Editore Torinese. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

FERRARIS, Prof. CARLO F., Principii di sciencia bancaria. Mailand 1892. - Obst.

FERRARIS, Prof. CARLO F., The Italian Banks of Issue. Pages 205-255 in: CANOVAI, TITO, The Banks of Issue in Italy, National Monetary Commission, 61st Congress, 2nd. Session, Senate doc. no. 578,Washington, Government Printing Office, 1911, 345pp. - JZL

FERRARIS, FRANCESCO, L'abolizione del corso forzoso, Annuario delle scienze giuridiche etc. Vol. IV.

FERRARIS, FRANCESCO, Moneta e corso forzoso. Milano, 1879. - As important works should be translated and digitized by now. - J.Z., 27.5.10.

FERRIS, ALFRED J., Pauperizing the Rich. Philadelphia, 1899. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S. - Even progressive taxation has not yet pauperized most of them. Inflation, on the other hand, has done a much better job at this and so have many deflations. - J.Z., 15.3.10. - Numeroua people among the poor are further pauperized as well and prevented from becoming prosperous through the own productive efforts. The “Welfare State” has victims at all levels. - J.Z., 28.6.10. Politicians and bureaucrats benefit most from it - at the expense of all taxpayers. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FERRIS, JOHN A., The Financial Economy of the United States Illustrated and Some of the Causes which Retard the Progress of California Demonstrated. San Francisco, A. Roman, 1867. Kelley reprint, N.Y., 1969. Indexed, 356pp. - Goldbug but mostly opposed to legal tender for other exchange media. Opposed to “asset currency” but also to RBD and banking principle without redemptionism. No notion of shop foundation money. I noted on 24.9.98: “As if a country without any gold or silver and without importing any of these metals could not have a sound monetary exchange economy, an honest and efficient one and several such competing with each other, under freedom of issue, free choice of value standards and without any forced acceptance and forced value.” - However, even now all too few people are quite aware of these possibilities. - J.Z., 7.3.10. - JZL.

FERRIS, PAUL, The City. Gollancz, London, 1960, Pelican Books, 1962 and 1965. - Timothy Green, The World of Gold Today.

FERRY, W. HAWKINS, The Buildings of Detroit. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1968. - Woodford, Detroit & its Banks.

FETTER, FRANK A., Capital, Interest, and Rent: Essays in the Theory of Distribution, 1897-1937. 960 KB. Capital, Interest, and Rent: Essays in the Theory of Distribution - Mission, Kansas: Sheed, Andrews, and McMeel, 1978. Edited with an introduction by Murray Rothbard. Print on Demand available. - Online at the Mises Institute.

FETTER, FRANK A., Economic Principles. The Century Co., New York 1915. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

FETTER, FRANK A., Interest Theories Old and New. AMERICAN REVIEW, March 1914, pp.68-92. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - Most of them are, probably, merely untenable hypotheses! - Or did he concentrate only on the reasoned ones? - J.Z.

FETTER, FRANK A., The Principles of Economics. The Principles of Economics, With Applications to Practical Problems - New York: The Century Co, 1905. - Online at the Mises Institute.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON & GREGORY, D., Monetary and Financial Policy. Government and Society in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Commentaries on British Parliamentary Papers. Irish University Press, 1973. All forms of micro-publishing © Irish University Microforms. With bibliography & index; 101pp. - JZL. Also listed as: Monetary & Financial Policy in the Nineteenth Century Britain, Government & Society in the 19th Century Britain Series, 106pp, Irish University Press, 1973. (BIP,1985), with microfilming rights reserved

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy, 1797-1875. A detailing of the British debates over the role of sound money and the gold standard, indexed, 1965, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Kelley reprint, 1978. - JZL. - On page 62 he mentions that there were 90 pamphlets on monetary and banking problems in 1810-1811! - These may have been the most productive years in this respect. - J.Z. - See also: “The Development … “

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Legal Tender during the English and Irish Bank Restrictions. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, June 1950. - Coppetiers. JZL, photocopy, 13pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 731.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Literature of English Monetary and Banking Controversy, 1797-1875. Northwestern University, Mimeo, 1966. - Also cited as covering: 1777-1875. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Master bibliography. 1966. (Covering the whole sphere or only the anonymously published texts? - In his articles of 1953, 1958 & 1960, according to White, he attributed anonymous articles. - Lawrence H. White, in bibliographical notes to his “Free Banking in Britain.” - Who can and will include all the titles that he listed then - in this compilation, to the extent that they are still missing here? - J.Z., 24.4.10.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Monetary Policy. In Monetary and Financial Policy, by Frank W. Fetter and Derek Gregory. [Dublin]: Irish University Press, 1973. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Selected Economic Writings. ed., London: London School of Economics and Political Science, 1964. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, Some Neglected Aspects of Gresham's Law. 480-495, in THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, Vol. 46, (1931-32), 1932, 480-95. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis. - 16pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 737.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, The Authorship of Economic Articles in the EDINBURGH REVIEW, 1802-47. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 61, 1953. (June):232-59. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, The Bullion Report Reconsidered. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, August 1942, reprinted by T. Ashton and R.S. Sayers in Papers in English Monetary History, Oxford, 1953. - Coppetiers. - JZL.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, The Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy 1797-1975. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965). - Kelly Reprint, 1978, indexed, with bibliography: 296pp. - JZL. - Pages: 74-77: On Attwood as a proto-Keynesian whose policy proposals were uninfluential.” - White, Competition & Currency. - “A detailing of the British debates over the role of sound money and the gold standard from the Napoleonic Wars to the end of the 19th century.” - LFB comment. - See also: “Development of …”

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, The Economic Articles in BLACKWOOD'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE, and Their Authors, 1817-1853." (Parts I and II). SCOTTISH JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 1, 1960. (June):85-107; (November):213-31. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, The Economic Articles in the QUARTERLY REVIEW and Their Authors, 1809-52. (Parts I and II). JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 66, 1958, (February):47-64; (June): 154-70. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, The Economist in Parliament, 1780-1868. 1980. Durham, N. Car., Duke University Press. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

FETTER, FRANK WHITSON, The Irish Pound, 1797-1826: A Reprint of the Report of the Committee of 1804. ... 1955, Evanston, Ill., Northwestern University Press. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

FEUCHTWANGER, L., Die Darlehenskassen des Deutschen Reichs. Berlin, Stuttgart, 1918. - Holzhauer - (On tax foundation paper money. - J.Z.)

FFORDE, J. S., The Federal Reserve System, 1915-1949. Oxford, 1954. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy. - FORDE?

FICK, F., Die Frage der Checkgesetzgebung auf dem europäischen Kontinent. Zürich 1897. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

FIELD, ALEXANDER JAMES, On the Explanation of Rules Using Rational Choice Models. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ISSUES 13 (March 1979): 49-72. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FIELD, FRANK, Inequality in Britain. Fontana, 1981. - I doubt very much that it deals with the inequality between central banking and free banking or monetary despotism and monetary freedom. - J.Z., 13.4.10. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90. - Only freedom and justice lead to all the equality that people can rightfully claim. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FIELD, H, HEARN, S. & KIRBY, M. G., The 1988 EC budget and production stabilizers: a means of containing the Common Agricultural Policy? (1989) Discussion Paper 89.3, Canberra: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Research Economics. - Dowd

FIELD, MICHAEL, If your money's dirty, the Pacific's paradise. 1p, on Nauru as a tax haven. In PEACE PLANS 1627, August 2000, p.125 - It is for honest and productive people, too! How often is a bias already expressed in a book title or headline? - J.Z. - By now even parts of the Pacific are already all too dirtyf, in a literal sense. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FIELKE, N. S., Barter in the Space Age. In: NEW ENGLAND ECONOMIC REVIEW, Federal Reserve Bank Boston, Nov./Dec. 1983. - Suhr & Godschalk

FIKE, ELMER A., Why Inflation? THE FREEMAN, Aug. 77, 2PEACE PLANS, in PEACE PLANS 815.

FILLMORE, MILLARD, See: SEVERANCE, FRANK H., ed. "Millard Fillmore Papers. Volume One." PUBLICATIONS OF THE BUFFALO HISTORICAL SOCIETY 10 (1907). - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

FILTHY PIERRE, 1p comment to THEO LANCELOT FISHER, An Alternative Money System, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 905.

FINAL REPORT OF THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE SUGAR SUPPLY, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1921). - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FINANCE, The Credit Cards. January 1968, pp.8-11. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

FINANCE, The Other Side of the Card. January 1968. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972.

FINANCIAL STATEMENT AND BUDGET REPORT ('Red Book'), especially for 1980-81 and 1981-82, HMSO. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

FINE, SIDNEY, Laissez Faire and the General Welfare State: A Study of Conflict in American Thought, 1865-1901. Ann Arbor, Mich., 1964. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

FINGERABDRÜCKE als Zahlungsmittel, DER BUND, Bern, 22 June 73.

FINK, CLARENCE M., The Short Power and Glory of Private Gold Coins. NUMISMATIC SCRAPBOOK MAGAZINE 24 (February, 1958). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

FINLAY, GEORGE, History of Greece from its Conquest by the Romans to the Present Time. Oxford, 1877. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

FINLAY, GEORGE, Roman and Byzantine Money. in his History of Greece, Appendix, Vol. I. Oxford, 1877. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

FINLAY, JOHN L., Social Credit: The English Origins. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. 1972. . - Fred E. Foldvary, “… The Credit Exchange Alternative for Market Coordination.” - Cowin & Kroszner. - It would be genuinely social credit only if it could be freely and competitively supplied by the payment communities of free societies, all exterritorially autonomous, i.e. not subjected to the territorial and legalized despotism of national central banks. - Alas, most of the “Social Credit” advocates simply advocate one or the other form of territorial monetary despotism. - J.Z., 11.6.10.

FINLEY, M. I., The Ancient Economy. Chatto & Windus, London, 1973. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FIRTH, R., Ethical Absolutism and the ideal Observer. PHILOSOPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGICAL RESEARCH QUARTERLY JOURNAL, vol. XII, no. 3, March 1952. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

FISCAL ISSUES, Towards a Stable Monetary Policy, Monetarism vs. The Gold Standard. - Dr. James L. Green, Investments and Sound Money, in MM, undated. - Like the classical gold standard, it still favors an exclusive currency, even a forced one, with legal tender power, i.e. compulsory acceptance and a forced value, i.e. monetary despotism, even though practised with the “best intentions”. - J.Z., 5.4.10. - How good is a “good will”, if it resorts to monopolies and coercion? - J.Z., 10.7.10.

FISCHER, GERALD C., American Banking Structure: Its Evolution and Regulation. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967, 1968. - Klebaner

FISCHER, GERALD C., Bank Holding Companies. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

FISCHER, O., Gewerbepolitik, In Handbuch der Schweizerischen Volkswirtschaft, Bd. I, S. 575 ff., 2. Aufl., Bern 1955. - Lautner, Der „WIR“ Verrechnungsverkehr, 1964.

FISCHER, OTTO CHR., Das Reichsgesetz über das Kreditwesen, Kommentar mit ausführlicher Einführung, Erläuterungen und Sachregister unter Berücksichtigung der Durchführungsverordnung vom 9.2.1935. Berlin und Leipzig, 1935, Walter de Gruyter & Co., 231 S. - JZL.

FISCHER, R., Probleme der deutschen Auslandsverschuldung. Diss. Frankfurt am Main 1935. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

FISCHER, STANLEY, A framework for monetary and banking analysis. (1982) ECONOMIC JOURNAL Supplement, pp.1-16. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

FISCHER, STANLEY, Friedman versus Hayek on private money. (1982) JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS, 17, pp.433-9. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

FISCHER, STANLEY, Long-term contracting, sticky prices and monetary policy: a comment. (1977) JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS, 3, pp.317-24. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

FISCHER, STANLEY, Long-Term Contracts, Rational Expectations, and the Optimal Money Supply Rule. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 85 (Feb. 1977): 191-206. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FISCHER, WALTER, Das Problem der Wirtschaftskrisen im Lichte der neuesten national-ökonomischen Forschung. (Dr.) G. Braunsche Hofbuchdruckerei und Verlag, Karlsruhe i.B., Volkswirtschaftliche Abhandlungen. Anzeige, 1920, in Diehl & Mombert.

FISH, CARL RUSSELL, Civil Service and the Patronage. New York, 1905. - McGrane, The Panic of 1837.

FISH, CARL RUSSELL, The Rise of the Common Man, 1830-50. Vol. VI of A History of American Life. New York, 1927. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

FISHBACK, PRICE, Did Miners Owe their Souls to the Company Store? Theory and Evidence from the Early 1900’s. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC HISTORY 46, December 1986, pp.1011-29. - On scrip issues according to Timberlake.

FISHER, ALLAN G. B., Does an Increase in Volume of Production Call for a Corresponding Increase in Volume of Money? 1935. AMERICAN. ECONOMIC REVIEW 25(2) (June). 197-211. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - Yes, when the production consists of competitively produced goods, goods that are wanted and competitively priced in one or several sound value standards. Then, to make the free exchange between all people and the goods and services (they are able and willing to produce and exchange, as smooth as possible), either a perfect clearing system should be established, growing in volume of transactions exactly corresponding to these possible and desired exchanges, or a corresponding supply of exchange media, all of them competitively supplied, optional and market rated against their value standard and used in payment for all the goods and services then freely exchanged, to the extent that they are not already paid for by clearing but still need some physical exchange medium to promote free exchanges. Only as many exchange media can then freely circulate as are accepted at par, by the suppliers of goods and services, including labor, i.e., redeemed in them at 100% by their issuers with wanted consumer goods, services or labor. - J.Z., 22.3.10.

FISHER, ANTONY, Fisher's Concise History of Economic Bungling. Caroline House, Ottawa, Ill., 1978. - Published in England under the title Must History Repeat Itself? London: Churchill Press, 1974). - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FISHER, ANTONY, Must History Repeat Itself? (London: Churchill Press, 1974) pp.34-35. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation. - See: above, under its other title: Fisher’s Concise History of Economic Bungling.

FISHER, GERALD C., American Banking Structure. New York, Columbia University Press, 1968. - Sennholz

FISHER, GREEVZ J., The Reorganization of Business. An Essay showing how the Principles of Cooperation may be realized in the Store, the bank and the Factory. Kansas City, 1885. - Rocker.

FISHER, GREEVZ J., Voluntary Taxation. London, 1890.

FISHER, IRVING, 100% Money. New York: Adelphi Company, 1935. - Antony C. Sutton, The War on Gold.

FISHER, IRVING, A Statistical Relation Between Unemployment and Price Changes. INTERNATIONAL LABOUR REVIEW, June 1926. - Samuel Brittan, in HOBART PAPER 90.

FISHER, IRVING, Appreciation and Interest. AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION MONOGRAPH, 1st ser., vol. 11, no. 4. Cambridge, Mass.: American Economic Association, 1896. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief. - PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION 6(4) (August). 1896. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

FISHER, IRVING, Auf dem Wege zum Freigeld. Hamburg 1925. - Gisin (1955)

FISHER, IRVING, Booms And Depressions.

FISHER, IRVING, Die Illusion des Geldes.

FISHER, IRVING, Die Kaufkraft des Geldes. Berlin 1916. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen. - Gisin (1955)

FISHER, IRVING, Dollar Stabilization. 1921, OLL. - Compare “Stabilizing the Dollar”.

FISHER, IRVING, Feste Währung. Illusion und Wirklichkeit. Freiheit Verlag, Heidelberg, 3. Auflage, 1948, 56 S. - JZL.

FISHER, IRVING, Inflation? 1933, London, George Allen & Unwin Ltd, 104pp. - JZL.

FISHER, IRVING, Mastering The Crisis. London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd., 1934. . - www.reinventingmoney.com

FISHER, IRVING, Purchasing Power of Money. New York, 1920. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

FISHER, IRVING, Stabilized Money: A History of Its Movement. London: George Allen and Unwin, Ltd., 1935. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FISHER, IRVING, Stabilizing the Dollar: A Plan to Stabilize the General Price Level without Fixing Individual Prices. New York, Macmillan, 1920. - Paul Einzig. Compare Dollar Stabilization, 1921. - Cowen & Kroszner. - It does not have to be “stabilized” by one or the other authority, which is, anyhow, unable to do so, once all people are free to adopt for their exchanges whatever value standard they think is good or good enough for them. Once such decisions are entrusted to supposed “authorities” on the subject, then, inevitably, price relationships do become unstabilized. It is like entrusting the upholding of honest and private contracts just to one authority. Since that authority is made up of fallible humans, it is, inevitably, not God-like, in the best sense, but, rather, in the worst sense. - J.Z., 11.6.10, 10.7.10.

FISHER, IRVING, Stable Money: A History of the Movement. New York, Adelphi, 1934. - Cowen & Kroszner.

FISHER, IRVING, Stamp Scrip. New York: Adelphi Company, 1933. - www.reinventingmoney.com

FISHER, IRVING, The Making of Index Numbers. 538pp, indexed, 1922, 1927, 1967 Kelley reprint. JZL - Since he seems to have advocated merely an alternative value standard, one to be imposed upon all, not freedom in the choice of value standards, his works do not really fit into a monetary freedom series. - J.Z. - JZL.

FISHER, IRVING, The Mechanics of Bimetallism. ECONOMIC JOURNAL 4 (September 1894): 527-37. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

FISHER, IRVING, The Money Illusion, 1929. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

FISHER, IRVING, The Nature of Capital and Income, 1906, reprinted by Kelley, 1965, 427pp, indexed. - JZL. - Dedicated to W. G. Summner!

FISHER, IRVING, The Purchasing Power of Money, its Determination and Relation to Credit, Interest and Crises, 1911, OLL, 1.1 MB. -  The Purchasing Power of Money. New York: Macmillan, 1911. 2d ed. New York: Macmillan, 1913. (Revised Edition). Macmillan. New York, 1920. - Paul Einzig, How Money Is Managed. The Ends & Means of Monetary Policy “The Purchasing Power of Money: Its Determination and Relation to Credit, Interest and Crises.” (1920), (new edn), - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.. - New ed. New York: Macmillan, 1929. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief. - New York: Kelley, 1963. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

FISHER, IRVING, The Theory of Interest, as determined by Impatience to Spend Income and Opportunity to Invest it. 1930, OLL, Econlib, 1.1 Mbs.

FISHER, MALCOLM, A New Financial Revolution? An international review of the Campbell Report. (ed.) CIS, 1982, 115pp, indexed, 36x, in PEACE PLANS 718.

FISHER, THEO LANCELOT, An Alternative Money System. 4pp, THE CONNECTION, No. 102, 6 March 82, with a 1p comment by FILTHY PIERRE, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 905.

FISHER, WILLARD C., Tabular Standard in Massachusetts History. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, May, 1913. - Norman Angell, The Story of Money, 1934.

FISHLOW, ALBERT, Antebellum Interregional Trade Reconsidered." AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, Papers and Proceedings, LIV (May, 1964), 352-64. - Temin.

FISK, HARVEY E., Inter-Ally Debts. Bankers' Trust Co., New York. - Sir Leo Chiozza, Product Money, 1933.

FISK, THEOPHILUS, Labor the Only True Source of Wealth; the Rottenness of the Paper Banking System Exposed. Charleston, South Carolina, 1837. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - One does not refute any flawed idea by stating another flawed idea. - Neither all labors nor all printed certificates are rightful and useful. - E.g. the “labors” of criminals and forced and exclusive paper currencies. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

FISK, THEOPHILUS, The Banking Bubble Burst; Being a History of the Enormous Legalized Frauds Practiced upon the Community by the Present American Banking System. Charleston, South Carolina, 1837. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - It was always wrongful and irrational to turn capital assets into currency, unless the “asset” consists out of a rare metal or ready-for-sale and wanted consumer goods and services. - J.Z., 27.3.10.

FISKE, A. K., The modern Bank. New York 1905. - Obst, Georg, Geld-, Bank- & Börsenwesen.

FISKE, JOHN, Critical Period of American History. Boston, 1902. - Carothers, Fractional Money.

FISKE, JOHN, The Unseen World and Other Essays. (Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1904) p.20. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FITZPATRICK, BRIAN C, The British Empire in Australia: An Economic History, 1834-1939. 2nd ed., Melbourne, 1949. - HOLDER, Bk of NSW.

FLAGG, AZARIAH C., Banks and Banking in the State of New York From the Adoption of the Constitution in 1777 to 1864. New York, 1868. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

FLAMANT, MAURICE et REY, G., Les rapports officiels. Bibliographie analytique. (REVUE DE SCIENCE FINANCIÈRE 1970, 4; 1971, 4; 1972, 4). - Flamant.

FLAMANT, MAURICE, Die Inflation. Aus dem Französichen übertragen sowie fachlich bearbeitet und ergänzt von Kurt Weise, Deutsche Verlangs-Anstalt, 1974, . Titel der französichen Originalausgabe: „L’Inflation“, 1972, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 2. Auflage 1973, aus der Reihe“Que sais-je?“, Nr. 1460. Mit Literaturverzeichnis und Index: 128 S. - JZL.????

FLANAGAN, GREGORY, Libertocracy: FSUTO-FET: Free Enterprise Treaty. 9 pp, with segments on money & Ekkwhe - one kilowatt hour of electricity (as value standard). In PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.552. - The value of kw hours change by the hour, quantities and location as well as supplier! - J.Z.

FLEISCHER, H., Marx und Engels. (1970) - GRÜNES LAND, Inflation und Arbeitslosigkeit sind Betrug mit Falschgeld, 1974. - (Gesellians! - J.Z.) - At least in the later years of his life did Silvio Gesell love freedom more than most of the modern Gesellians. - But I have never seen a clear statement in favor of full monetary freedom by him. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

FLEISIG, HEYWOOD W., Long Term Capital Flows and the Great Depression: The Role of the United States, 1927-1933. (Doctoral Dissertation, Yale University, 1969). 1975. - Dissertations in American Economic History, An Arno Press Collection.

FLEMING, IAN, Gold Finger. James Bond, PAN Books, London, 1959-63. It contains some interesting remarks on gold, e.g. pp. 22, 42, 50ff and on foreign exchange controls: 54, also some input for a refutations encyclopedia. - J.Z. - JZL.

FLEMING, IAN, Octopussy. The Last Great Adventures of James Bond 007. A Signet Book, Published by the New American Library, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966, 126pp. Page 41ff on black markets in Gold and Reichsbank gold bars under the Nazi regime. - JZL.

FLEMING, J., Shopping Around. THE FINANCIAL TIMES, 28.10.1976. - Gerding.

FLEMING, JAMES SIMPSON, Scottish Banking: A Historical Sketch. 1877. 3rd rev. ed.,Edinburgh, William Blackwood. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain.

FLEMMING, J. MARCUS, Towards a New Regime for International Payments." JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS, vol. 2, no. 4, September 1972. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - There should be freedom for them, not merely a “new regime”! - J.Z., 30.3.10.

FLEMMING, JOHN, Inflation. Oxford University Press, 1976. - Samuel Brittan, in HOBART PAPER 90.

FLETCHER, CALVIN, Diary. Indiana State Historical Society, Indianapolis, Ind. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

FLICK, ALEXANDER C., History of the State of New York. (ed.). 10 vols. New York, 1933-7. Vol. VI. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

FLODBERG, SVEN: Katalog över Sveriges Sedlar 1858-1971. Lund 1972. - Albert Pick

FLOOD, ROBERT P. Jr., & GARBER, PETER M., A Systematic Banking Collapse in a Perfect Foresight World. 1981. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series No. 691 (June). Cambridge, Mass. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. - The use of the term “systematic” seems to imply “intentional”. I doubt that any of them are. They are more alike to accidents, in either a an accident prone-system or among ignorant, stupid and careless people. - J.Z., 11.7.10.

FLOOD, ROBERT P. Jr., & GARBER, PETER M., Gold Monetization and Gold Discipline. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 92 (February 1984): 90-107. - Steven L. Green, July 86.

FLOOD, ROBERT P. Jr., Gold Monetization. 90. - Steven L. Green, July 86.

FLÜRSCHEIM, MICHAEL, Clue to the Economic Labyrinth. n.d., 547pp, 36x, in PEACE PLANS 688. - (Offers some of his monetary freedom notions and describes his own exchange bank of 1898.)

FLÜRSCHEIM, MICHAEL, The Course of a Crisis. Flürscheim series by A. J. Ogilvie, 1894 (National Library of Australia). - GOLLIN, The Commonwealth Bank of A.

FLÜRSCHEIM, MICHAEL, The Economic and Social Problem. 1909, 277pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 687. (With some notes by J.Z. F. advocated a kind of goods warrants system.)

FLÜRSCHEIM, MICHAEL, The Real History of Money Island. Croydon, London, The Brotherhood Publishing Co., 1896, 138pp, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 548. Reprinted in 1897 by E.W. Cole, at a retail price of: twopence! I just read that English history books, costing in the U.K. L 35, could now only be offered here for A $ 100 and thus are not offered here. Go photocopying, fiching and scanning! - J.Z. (In: National Library of Australia).

FLUX, A.W., The Swedish Banking System. 1910, U.S. National Monetary Commission, 61st Congress, 2nd Session, Senate doc. no. 576, Washington, GPO. - Schuler

FLYNN, JOHN T., Security Speculation. New York, 1934. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

FOGEL, ROBERT W. & ENGERMAN, STANLEY, Reinterpretation of American Economic History. (eds.) New York: Harper and Row, 1971, - Klebaner

FÖHL, C., Geldschöpfung und Wirtschaftskreislauf. 2. Aufl., Berlin, 1955. - Rittershausen, Wirtschaft, 1960 Auflage.

FÖHL, C., Geldwertstabilisierung bei Vollbeschäftigung. In: Stabile Preise in wachsender Wirtschaft, Tübingen 1960. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

FOLDVARY, FRED E., Lifting the Veil of Tears. The Credit Exchange Alternative for Market Coordination. 27pp, no date. A new edition of a previous article also on clearing and LETS, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.458.

FOLDVARY, FRED, Das Lexicon der Freien Marktwirtschaft. Transl. Hans Günter Holl. Verlag Wirtschaft und Finanzen, Düsseldorf, Germany, 2000. German edition of Dictionary of Free-Market Economics, Edward Elgar Publishing, UK, 1998 (307 pages).

FOLDVARY, FRED, Dictionary of Free-Market Economics. Edward Elgar Publishing, UK, 1998 (307 pages). German edition: Das Lexicon der Freien Marktwirtschaft. Trans. Hans Günter Holl.  Verlag Wirtschaft und Finanzen, Düsseldorf, Germany, 2000.

FOLDVARY, FRED, Free Banking Explained. Land-theory discussion group, 4 May 00, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.702. - A very limited view of free banking options. But then the horizons of most such contributions are rather limited. - It is not enough to recognize only fractions of the monetary freedom options. - It is certainly not only a question of intelligence, interest and readiness to study, at least in his case, but often of time and energy, moreover, also of access to all the relevant texts, even if you are a lecturer at a university, with much more access than average guys like me, in my village. - Ulrich von Beckerath and myself have looked for certain titles in vain - for decades! - What would happen to the whole discussion on money, credit, capital, interest etc., once all the texts became easily and cheaply accessible, on a few CDs, DVDs or a single external HD? - I would like that experiment to be undertaken, a.s.a.p. - J. Z., 28.2.10.

FOLDVARY, FRED, The Depression of 2008. Gutenberg Press, 2007. 36 pages. 1st ed. July 3, 2nd ed. Sept. 18. http://www.foldvary.net/works/dep08.pdf

FOLDVARY, FRED, The Soul of Liberty, The Universal Ethic of Freedom and Human Rights. 1980, 326pp, Gutenberg Press, San Francisco, PEACE PLANS 386. (For monetary freedom, even for the State, on PEACE PLANS 150/160.)

FOLDVARY, FRED, The Ultimate Tax Reform: Public Revenue from Land Rent. 2006. Santa Clara University: Civil Society Institute (Policy Study). <http://www.foldvary.net/works/policystudy.pdf>- The ultimate tax reform consists in the abolition of all compulsory taxation. Even of that on land titles. - J.Z., 27.5.10.

FOLEY, D. K., Money, Accumulation and Crisis. 1986. New York: Harwood Academic. - Frank Vorhies

FOLEY, D. K., On Marx's Theory of Money. 1978. SOCIAL CONCEPT 1, no. 1: 5-19. - Frank Vorhies

FOLEY, D. K., Toward a Marxist Theory of Money. Stanford University Technical Report 181 (September 1975). - Frank Vorhies. - How many different, rather than correct theories of money do we need? - J.Z., 11.7.10.

FOLEY, RIDGWAY K., Jr., Insider Trading: The Moral Issue. THE FREEMAN, 11/87, 9pp, in PEACE PLANS 1751/1752, p.249.

FOLLIN, H. L., Paroles d'un voyant. 1934, 203pp., in PEACE PLANS 322. - Translations into English and German wanted by LMP, also all other of his writings. He was not only for monetary freedom but for individual secession and had a long correspondence with Ulrich von Beckerath, which was destroyed, on Bth.’s side, by an air raid in Nov. 1943 on Berlin. - It may still exist - somewhere in France. - J.Z., 11.7.10.

FONBLANQUE, JOHN, Doubts as to the Expediency of Adopting the Recommendations of the Bullion Committee. 1810. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

FONDA, ARTHUR J., Honest Money. 1895, Macmillan and Company, Ltd. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

FORBES, Is Money Really Necessary? April 1, 1967, pp.104. - Robert Henrickson, The Cashless Society, 1972. - To find out, “FORBES” should have tried, for a while, to give its printed issues away! - Or was this article, cited without a question mark, merely meant to be a first of April joke? - J.Z., 15.4.10.

FORBES, WILLIAM, Memoirs of a Banking-House. Edinburgh, Scotland, privately published, 1859. - 1860, 2nd ed., Edinburgh, William and Robert Chambers. - White, L. H., Free Banking in Britain. On: SIR WILLIAM FORBES, JAMES HUNTER & COMPANY - James Douglas

FORD, HENRY A., & FORD, Mrs. KATE B., History of Cincinnati. (compilers) Ohio. Cleveland, 1881.

FORD, HENRY, & GROWTHER, SAMUEL, Moving Forward. 1930. Doubleday, Doran and Company. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935. - CROWTHER?

FORD, HENRY, Und trotzdem vorwärts. Leipzig 1930. - Max Franzke, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? 1931.

FORD, JOHN J., Gold Issued by Private Persons in the U.S. SCOTT'S COIN COLLECTOR'S JOURNAL 9 (March, June, 1884) and 10 (August, 1885). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns. Gold coins cannot be “issued” or produced by humans, like babies by fertile and fertilized women, but humans can turn found, stolen or mined gold into gold coins or bullion. - Titles should be as accurate as possible. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FORD, JOHN J., Odds and Ends of U.S. Coinage. NUMISMATIST 43 (May, 1950). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

FORD, RICHARD, Handbook of Spain. London, 1855. 2 vols. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

FORD, THOMAS, A History of Illinois From Its Commencement as a State in 1818 to 1847. Chicago, 1854. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

FORD, WORTHINGTON C., History of Commerce and Industries. N.Y., D. Appleton & Co. [Announced.] - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

FORD, WORTHINGTON C., Van Buren-Bancroft Correspondence, 1830-45. (ed.), in PROCEEDINGS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Third Series, Vol. II, (June 1909). Boston, 1909. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

FORD-BREEN-TAXAY, The Standard Catalogue of United States Coins. Ford Numismatic Publications, 19th edition in process, …??

FOREMAN, GRANT, Indian Removal: The Emigration of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indians. (Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932) - Temin. - If the Indian Tribes had been civilized enough not only to have invented “wampum” but full monetary freedom, then they might not have been victimized but could have become the most influential and civilized people. - J.Z., 13.3.10. - An enforced removal or deportation by a government is hardly a free emigration. - The underdogs were forcefully deported into concentration camps, called reservations. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FORGAN, JAMES B., Recollections of A Busy Life. New York: The Bankers Publishing Company, 1924. - Klebaner

FORGAN, JAMES B., Should National Bank Deposits Be Guaranteed by the Government? Address to the Illinois Bankers'Association, June 11, 1908 (Chicago: First National Bank of Chicago). - SALSMAN, RICHARD A.

FORGAN, JAMES E., The Money Supply of the United States. 1903, in PEACE PLANS 745.

FORMISANO, RONALD P. & SHADE, WILLIAM G., The Concept of Agrarian Radicalism. MID-AMERICA, LII (January, 1970), 3-30. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

FOROGLOU, EMMANUEL, Dr. & GOETHE, Goethe's Faust on Paper Money. n.d., 4pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.593. - foroglou@prodos.com

FÖRSTER, G., Die Chipkarte als Bargeld der Zukunft. Frankfurt/Main, 1985. - Suhr & Godschalk

FORSTMANN, A., Geld und Kredit. 2 Bde., 1952. - Rittershausen, Wirtschaft, 1960 Auflage. ALBRECHT FORSTMANN?

FORSTMANN, ALBRECHT, Volkswirtschaftliche Theorie des Geldes. 2. Band, Monetäre Ökonomie. Allgemeine Volkswirtschaftslehre der Geldwirtschaft, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, 1955, indexiert, 940 S. - JZL. Einziges modernes Buch, ausserhalb der Schweizerischen, Deutschen und JÜDISCHEN Geldfreiheitsschule, das, damals, die Steuerfundation, den Rückstrom und den Zwangskurs einigermassen gründlich und vernünftig behandelte. Leider wussten Beckerath, Milhaud Zander und er, anscheinend, nichts voneinander. - So unorganisiert waren und sind die Geldfreiheitsanhänger immer noch, selbst die von nur einem Lande. - J.Z., 13.5.10. - Selbst das Internet has not been sufficiently used to effectively connected all of them, e.g. by a common Ideas Archive, Directory, Abstracts and Review compilation, Projects List and comprehensive Bibliography and Electronic Library. - J.Z., 11.7.10.

FORTESCUE, EARL, A Selection from the Speeches and Writings of the Late Lord King. London, 1844. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

FOSTER, ELLERY, letter of 11 Dec. 84, 1p, 48x, in PEACE PLANS 740. - On a local clearing of acknowledgements of value received, with the primitive labour-value standard notion creeping in, once again. - J.Z.

FOSTER, FRANCES, Money of the Valley. IMPROVEMENT ERA (September, 1933). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

FOSTER, JOHN, John Foster Papers. (Principally on Irish monetary situation.) 1808-1810. Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, Belfast. - Fetter, Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy 1797-1875.

FOSTER, LOUIS O., Understanding Financial Statements and Corporate Annual Reports. New York: Chilton, 1961. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

FOSTER, MAJOR B.; RODGERS, RAYMOND; BOGEN, JULES I. & NADLER, MARCUS, Money and Banking. 4th ed., New York, Prentice Hall, 1955. - Sennholz.

FOSTER, WILLIAM T. & CATCHINGS, WADDILL, Money. Boston, 1903. London Edition, 1924, Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons (Pollak Foundation for Economic Research?) 1927. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

FOSTER, WILLIAM T., A Wider Distribution of Securities in Relation to Sustained Prosperity. New York. 1925. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

FOULKE, ROY A., Practical Financial Statement Analysis. 5th ed., New York: McGraw-Hill, 1961. - Spero & Davids, Money & Banking.

FOULKE, ROY A., The Sinews of American Commerce. New York, 1941. - Sharp, James Roger: The Jacksonians versus the Banks.

FOUNDATION FOR ECONOMIC EDUCATION: Bankers and Regulators. 1993, 176pp paperback. Reviewed by Robert Bartemarco, THE FREEMAN, July 1994, pp. 391/392. With a lengthy introduction by Dr. Hans F. Sennholz, and seventeen articles, all of which appeared in THE FREEMAN. The collection includes, among others, articles by Hans F. Sennholz, Ken S. Ewert, E. C. Pasour, Jr., Kurt Schuler, Richard M. Salsman, and Lawrence H. White. - THE FREEMAN.

FOUR LAW DRAFTS, by Ulrich von Beckerath, Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen, Dr. Walter Zander, Dr. Gustav Ramin, Dr. Meis, Dr. Unger, Dr. Munzer, 197 Kbs. zipped. On the first lawful monetary freedom steps for Germany, proposed in four thoroughly reasoned and discussed law drafts in the thirties. Dr. W. Zander wrote an explanation to it. They are available in German and in English on - www.reinventingmoney.com  go to: http://www.reinventingmoney.com/documents/fourLaws.pdf - See also under ZANDER, Dr. WALTER, & RITTERSHAUSEN, Prof. HEINRICH & Dr. Best.

FOURIE, F. C., Milton Friedman's Monetary Rule: A Critique of its Principles and Consequences. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 46 (June 1978): 154-162. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FOUSEK, P., Foreign Central Banking: The Instruments of Monetary Policy. Federal Reserve Bank, 1957. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Rather: The Instruments of Foreign Monetary Despotism! The Equivalents to the Own National Monetary Despotism! - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FOWLER, CHARLES T., The Labor Question. Princeton, Mass., n.d. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - It can’t be settled without monetary and financial freedom, free trade, free migration and various self-management schemes. - J.Z., 13.5.10.

FOWLER, CHARLES T., The Reorganization of Business. An Essay showing how the Principles of Co-operation may be realized in the Store, the Bank and the Factory. Kansas City, 1885. (I want a copy, because the titles sounds very promising to me. - J.Z., 11.7.10.)

FOWLER, W. WORTHINGTON, Twenty Years of Inside Life in Wall Street. New York, 1880. - Sobel, The Curbstone Brokers.

FOX, DIXON RYAN, Sources of Culture in the Middle West. (ed.). New York, 1934. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

FOX, DIXON RYAN, The Decline of Aristocracy in the Politics of New York. Columbia Studies in History, Economics and Public Law, Vol. lxxxvi, No.198. New York, 1919. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960. - I hold that territorial politics always was and always will be aristocratic and authoritarian, even if it is confined to election periods and elected officials or “reprepresentatives”, who at most can represent those, who, hopefully, voted for them. - J.Z., 11.7.10.

FOX, FERRAMRZ Y., Money of the Valley. DESERET NEWS (August 17, 1940). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

FOXWELL, Prof. H. S., Investigations in Currency and Finance. Editor & introducer. Illustrated by twenty Diagrams. 8vo. - MacMillan & Co, London, advertisement in 1898 book.

FRAEHN, CHRISTIAN MARTIN, Beiträge zur Mahommedanischen Münzkunde aus St. Petersburg, &c, Berlin. 1818. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

FRAEHN, CHRISTIAN MARTIN, Mahomedan Coins. "JOURNAL ASIATIQUE”," vol.1. Paris, 1822. - DEL MAR, M. E., Money and Civilization, 1885.

FRAGEN DER FREIHEIT, Mai / Juni 1989, Heft 144: Silvio Gesell, 62 S. von Beiträgen über Silvio Gesell. - Interessant fand ich nur den kurzen Artikel von Irving Fisher, Die Brakteaten, aus seiner Schrift: „Feste Währung“ (Stable Money), Letzte Auflage 1937, Uschtdorf-Weimar-Leipzig. Hier, auf S.46/47. Fischer lebte von 1867-1947. Er betrachtete die Brakteaten als Vorläufer von Gesell’s Schwundgeld und glaubte sie hätten den allgemeinen Wohlstand befördert, nicht nur die Einnahmen des Staates - auf Kosten seiner Opfer. - J.Z., 10.4.10. - JZL.

FRAGEN DER FREIHEIT, Zahlen zum Nachdenken, über den deutschen Geldumlauf, 1913-1966. Sept. 68, 2 S. In PEACE PLANS 814. See also under Schueller, Alfred. - Gesellian journal containing some articles going beyond Gesell’s ideas. - J.Z.

FRANCIS, J., History of the Bank of England. London, 1847. - Feavearyear, The Pound Sterling.

FRANCIS, JESSE D., Early Day Money in California. MOTORLAND MAGAZINE, (November, 1933). - Kagin, Private Gold Coins & Patterns.

FRANCIS, JOHN, Annals, Anecdotes and Legends of Life Assurance. London, 1888. - Smitley, Popular Financial Delusions, 1933.

FRANCIS, TENCH, Considerations on a Paper Currency. [1744?] In: Pownall's Administration of the British Colonies, 5th ed., ii, 272-308. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

FRANCK, LOUIS, French Price Control From Blum to Petain. The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., 1942. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FRANK, ROBERT H., Luxury Feber: Why Money Fails to Satisfy in an Era of Excess. - The Mises Review , Spring 2000. Online at the Mises Institute.

FRANKE, HERBERT, Geld und Wirtschaft in China unter der Mongolen-Herrschaft. Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte der Yüan Zeit. 1949, Otto Harrassowitz, Leipzig, 175pp, with Literaturverzeichnis & Personenregister, - Brings some interesting details on ancient token money in China and the government decrees passed against them. - Perhaps the only book published under the East German Communist regime that mentions such freedom issues. - Reports, e.g. on page 105, that already in 1294 and 1314 there were laws against goods-warrants and service vouchers as self-help private money issues, Chinese types of "street money" or local currency.J.Z., 25.2.10. - JZL. - Alas, so far, monetary despotism was, mostly, all too efficient, but only in suppressing monetary freedom actions, so that they could never quite freely develop. - J.Z., 11.7.10.

FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Gold And International Equity Investments. IEA, Hobart Paper 45, 1969, 40p. - Morgan, E. V. & A. D., Gold or Paper?

FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Investment and the Return to Equity Capital in the South African Gold Mining Industry 1887-1965: An International Comparison. Basil Blackwell, Oxford, and Harvard University Press 1967. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money and Liberty. Washington, American Enterprise Institute, 1980. - Brown, 37 - I had a look into it many years ago but found nothing of monetary freedom interest. Were others more successful? What did I overlook? - If nothing of importance, then at least a warning against this book with its misleading title, should be entered. - J.Z., 9.2.10. - However, Pamela Brown must have found something in it, for she lists it in her: Monetary Reform & Competition. - J.Z., 13.5.10.

FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. The Conflict of Trust and Authority, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1977, indexed, with bibliography, 163pp. - JZL. - Also titled: Two Philosophies of Money: The Conflict of Trust and Authority, (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1977). - Dowd. - Richard E. Wagner, Politics, Central Banking, and Economic Order. - Seems to me to be merely general philosophizing on money with little understanding of monetary freedom practices and possibilities. Only for gold, and "trust", against monetary manipulation, which is better than nothing. - However, he is also referred to by Cowen & Kroszner, Nov. 90. - J.Z.

FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, The Economic Impact on Under-Developed Societies, Essays on International Investment and Social Change. Basil Blackwell, Oxford 1953. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

FRANKFURTER RUNDSCHAU, Computer hilft beim Tauschen. 1p, 24.10.88, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 867.

FRANKFURTER ZEITUNG, Difficulties connected with Importing and Exporting. 9.8.1934, reproduced under: Foreign Trade Questions in Germany: The “Krogmann Plan” - Barter Problems., as Appendix VI, pp.331-337 in: MILHAUD, Prof. Edgard, Ending the Unemployment & Trade Crisis. London, Williams & Norgate, 1935.

FRANKLIN (Pseud.) See ISAAC BRONSON. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, A Modest Inquiry into the Nature and Necessity of a Paper Currency. Philadelphia, 1729. Works, ii, 253-277. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - [Eine bescheidene Untersuchung über das Wesen und die Notwendigkeit eines Papiergeldumlaufs.] (1729.) In: The Works of B. Franklin. Hrsg. von J. Sparks. Boston 1836. 53 54. - MARX.

FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, Of the Paper Money of the United States of America. (1784?). Works, ii, 421-426. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.703. - Great minds are not always great when it comes to monetary theories and practices. What kinds of paper currencies, issued by whom and under what conditions - would have helped? B. F. did not answer such questions here. But he poses the problem of currency shortage. (A problem that was still denied by great scholars like Murray N. Rothbard!) - If printing had not made texts, particularly monetary reform texts, so rare and expensive, then sufficient criticism could have been added to the reproduction of any such text. Alternative, powerful and very affordable media like microfiche, floppies, websites and CDs etc. do make such a comprehensive publishing and written discussion of all such texts possible. So, why not use them more? - J.Z.

FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, On Paper Money, 1774. - Butchart, Money, Selected Passages … English Tradition 1640-1935.

FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, Principles of Trade. (1774). Written in collaboration with George Whatley. Works, ii, 383-409. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, Reflections on Coin. (1774). Works, ii, 409-418. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Coins? Coinage?

FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, Remarks and Facts relative to the AmericanPaperMoney. [Bemerkungen undTatsachen über das amerikanischePapiergeld.] (1764.) In: The Works of B. Franklin. Hrsg. von J. Sparks. Boston 1836. 54 124. - MARX. - (London, 1764). Works, ii, 340-3 54. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, Wetzel, W. A., Benjamin Franklin as an Economist. JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY STUDIES IN HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE, 13th Series, no. 9, 1895. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, Works of Benjamin Franklin. 10 vols., edited by Jared Sparks, Boston, 1836-1840. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Works of Franklin. Edited by John Bigelow. N.Y., 1887-1888. - Bogart, The Ec. Hist. of the U.S.

FRANZ, EMIL, Die Verfassung der staatlichen Zahlungsmittet Italiens seit 1861. 174 S. Heft XXVII, 1911: Abhandlungen herausgegeben von Knapp, Strassburg, Verlag von Karl Truebner.

FRANZKE, Dr. jur. MAX, Untergang der Welt-Goldwährung? Breslau 1931. - J. U. Kern’s Verlag (Max Müller), Inh. Max Bernau, with bibliographie, 32 S. - JZL. - Ein wirkliches Wertmass geht nicht unter aber es kann ignoriert, verboten oder “lebendig” begraben werden. Das Gold selbst hat keine Illusionen. Nur Menschen haben Illusionen, auch über Gold. - J.Z., 24.4.10.

FRASER INSTITUTE, The Illusion of Wage and Price Control. Vancouver, Canada, 1976. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FRASER, Prof. H. F., Great Britain and the Gold Standard: A Study of the Present World Depression. - MacMillan adv. in Meulen, Free Banking, 1934.

FRASER'S MAGAZINE, 1868. - SMITH, VERA C.

FRATIANNI, MICHELE & PEETERS, T., One Money for Europe. (eds.) 1978. London, Macmillan. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - Pascal Salin, European Monetary Unity: For Whose Benefit? 1980. - The primitive notion, uncritically accepted and applied, that everything possible should be unified, and territory-wide at that, still dominates too many minds and finds too few contradictions and refutations. Almost everybody, except the few panarchists, still takes it for granted. - It has only one advantage: It saves people much study and thinking! Just like any other popular error, myth and prejudice. - J.Z., 21.3.10.

FRATIANNI, MICHELE & SPINELLI, FRANCO, Currency Competition, Fiscal Policy and the Money Supply Process in Italy from Unification to World War I. 1985, JOURNAL OF EUROPEAN ECONOMIC HISTORY, v.14, no. 3, Sep.-Dec., pp.473-499. - Schuler.

FRATIANNI, MICHELE, & SPINELLI, FRANCO, Italy in the Gold Standard Period, 1861-1914. 1984. In Michael D. Bordo and Anna J. Schwartz, eds., A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

FREDERIKSEN, N. C., Finland: Its Public and Private Economy. London, 1902.

FREE BANKING NOTES, EXPLANATIONS, TERMS & DEFINITIONS, compiled by John Zube, book length, but still very incomplete, towards a genuine alphabetized handbook on Free Banking:  www.butterbach.net/freebank.htm .

FREE BANKING PROFESSORS, DIRECTORY, First compilation, n.d., supplied to me by T. M., 3/89, 1p, 29x, in PEACE PLANS 865. I wish for an address list of all people interested in monetary freedom. - I have started such a list again. Who will help me in that or will complete it himself? - J.Z., 11.7.10.

FREE CURRENCY LEAGUE, Why Pay Interest? Leaflet, 1 sheet. Mackay Bibl., N.Y.? n.d. Several of its leaflets are mentioned in the loose leaf catalog of the British Library, London. I asked for all and received only one. Maybe they had been "liberated". - It would be irrational only if there were enough people to offer their capital to others interest free. To my knowledge, no one is forbidden to do so. But, why should he? - J.Z. 11.7.10.

FREE CURRENCY TRACTS, Vol. 1 etc. 1895, W. Reeves. British Library, Great Russell St., London. "08226h".

FREE EXCHANGE, The Only Solution to the Labour Problem. Editor: Henry Seymour, Nos. I-III, May-July 1892, 12PEACE PLANS, in PEACE PLANS 803.

FREE LIFE, Monetarism.' Special Issue Vol.1, No.4, Autumn 1980 (Libertarian Alliance, 40 Floral Street, London, W.C.2). - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

FREE MARKET ALTERNATIVES TO THE STATE, [September 2001] A list of topics (e.g. education, immigration, police and protection, taxes, etc.) leading to related articles. - http://libertariannation.org/b/BIBHOME.HTM -

FREE MARKET NET, BANKING, MONEY, FINANCE BOOKS, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 1704, July 01, p.72. feedback@free-market.net

FREE MARKET NET: Freee Market Net, Articles on Banking, Money, Finance. - Free-Market.Net Articles on Banking, Money, Finance - www.free-market.net/ - A directory maintained by the Free-Market.Net website. - Roy Davies

FREE MARKET, THE, Ludwig von Mises Institute, Jan. - March 1990, 3 samples, 24pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.809. - This is another source for monetary freedom articles of a particular kind, especially gold redemption notes. - 851 Burlway Rd., Burlingame, Cal 94010. E-mail and URL not mentioned there.

FREE NATION FOUNDATION, Money and Banking, Article List. Sep. 20, 1999, 1p, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.779. - www.freenation.org

FREE WORLD ORDER WEBSITE & BUILDFREEDOM.COM, Freedom Technology Resource Directory. A list of think tanks with their URLs, 2pp www.buildfreedom.com/index.htm - In PEACE PLANS 1674, May 01, p.59. - As in most of its outlets, it advocates "e-gold as money", here by quoting Charles DeGaulle: "Gold is absolute objectivity. It is blind like justice. It has no politics and ideology, no likes or dislikes, no friends or enemies. All it recognizes is its possessor, whom it serves faithfully so long as he has it." - Gold weight units are at best just optional value standard units. As such one does not have to possess them, not even as a note-issuing banker. One of THE WORST POSSIBLE USES THAT CAN BE MADE OF GOLD COINS IS TO TURN THEM INTO AN EXCLUSIVE AND FORCED CURRENCY (EXCHANGE MEDIUM) & COMPULSORY REDEMPTION FUND FOR THE ISSUERS OF ALL THEIR EXCHANGE MEDIA AND CLEARING ACCOUNTS. That means to thoughtlessly repeat ancient wrongs and mistakes. Their use as OPTIONAL VALUE STANDARDS & EXCHANGE MEDIA, i.e., in voluntary payment communities, can serve or harm only their volunteers. The exclusive as well as the optional gold currency do have enemies and friends. The former does not have enough enemies and the latter does not have enough friends. - There is a vast difference between compulsory or customary gold redemptionism, with its inbuilt limitations upon free exchanges, and gold value accounting and gold value clearing, with no inherent limitations upon the quantities and values of exchanges that they can serve. - J.Z., 3. & 21. 5.01.

FREEDLEY, EDWIN T., A Practical Treatise on Business. Philadelphia, 1853. - MEYERS, MARVIN, The Jacksonian Persuasion, 1960.

FREEDOM NEWSPAPERS, daily, discusses money. - Alas, they are so little spread, internationally, that I have never seen any of them! - J.Z., 15.6.10. - However, I concede that by now at least some of them might be online. - J.Z., 28.6.10.

FREEDOM TODAY, How to Beat Inflation. Freedom Today books, 1p, 30 titles, in PEACE PLANS 1656-1659, p.226.

FREELIFE, 1890-1901, ed. by Auberon Herbert.

FREEMAN, KATHLEEN, Work and Life of Solon. London, 1926. - Groseclose, Money & Man.

FREEMAN, S., Banking as the provision of liquidity. (1988) JOURNAL OF BUSINESS 61: 45-64. - Dowd

FREEMAN, THE, Foundation for Economic Education, monthly. - Favours monetary freedom in numerous articles but, usually, only in very short and general terms. - J.Z. - It is now online, complete. - The Freeman is now online! - FEE in brief, 28.4.10. It is a rich source - also for articles on monetary freedom. - J.Z., 11.3.10. - Is there already a comprehensive electronic index? - J.Z., 28.4.10.

FREEMAN, THE, Notes on legal tender. 2/73, p. 123, 11/73 p. 675.

FREEMAN, THE, Those Things Called Money. November 1983, article: (Author? Against legal tender.)

FREE-MARKET.NET, Spotlight on Free Banking feedback@free-market.net 11pp, April 7, 00, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.787. - With still more input on institutions, publications, reviews, websites, this might develop into a very worthwhile website. However, seeing such attempts, I am more often surprised more by what they still do omit than by what they do include. - J.Z., 16.5.02. - But the same complaint can also be raised against this listing. I can only hope that enough people will not only complain, in a negative or passive attitude about this and my own compilation but will, instead, make the necessary corrections, supplementary entries, provide more comments and abstracts and refer to reviews and sources for the full texts. - It should become a work in progress by and for many. - J.Z., 28.2.10. - http://www.mail-archive.com/ctrl@listserv.aol.com/msg40934.html

FREENETWORK REGISTER, compiled by ANDRE SPIES, contains many names and addresses of people interested in monetary freedom. With other Freenetwork papers filmed in PEACE PLANS 690. (Other FN & AS issues are: PEACE PLANS 553, 555, 579, 638, 657 & 736. The Libertarian Alliance, London, is supposed to continue this listing now. - J.Z.)

FREENETWORK, Literatur der Freiheit. 6pp, 29x in PEACE PLANS 731.

FREIWIRTSCHAFTLICHE ZEITUNG, Halle a. d. S., 1930, Nr. 6. - Blüher et al, Silvio Gesell, 1960.

FREIWIRTSCHAFTLICHES ARCHIV, 1929, S.289. - Blüher et al, Silvio Gesell, 1960.

FREIWIRTSCHAFTSBUND, Ziel und Weg, Zielprogramm - Wegprogramm - Satzung. 1949, 15 S. - JZL.

FREMLING, GERTRUD M., Monetary Policy under a Gold Standard: How Effective Is it? 1983. Unpublished PhD. dissertation. (UCLA) - L. H. White.

FREMLING, GERTRUD M., Did the United States Transmit the Great Depression to the Rest of the Word? 1985. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 75,1181-1185. - Largely the same kind of basic banking mistakes are still made all over the world. - J.Z., 12.6.10.

FRENCH, AUGUSTUS C., Papers. Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, 111. - SHADE, G. W. (1972), Manuscripts.

FRENCH, BRUCE H., Banking and Insurance in New Jersey: A History. Princeton, New Jersey: D. Van Nostrand Company Inc., 1965. - Rockoff (1975).

FRENCH, DOUG, Early Speculative Bubbles and Increases in the Supply of Money. - Early Speculative Bubbles and Increases in the Supply of Money - Mises Institute, 2009 - Online at the Mises Institute. - Did he distinguish between legal tender monopoly money and free-market rated and refusable optional monies? - J.Z., 13.5.10.

FRENKEL, ERWIN, The Third Way. - Another money reformer who does not trust freedom in this sphere, either, but wants intervention of his particular kind, but with a tendency towards freedom. 90pp. - JZL.

FRENKEL, JACOB A. & JOHNSON, H. G., The Monetary Approach to the Balance of Payments. ed. London: Allen & Unwin, 1976. - White, Competition & Currency.

FRENKEL, JACOB A., Current Problems of the International Monetary System: Reflections on European Monetary Integration. WELTWIRTSCHAFTLICHES ARCHIV 111 (No. 2, 1975): 216-221. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FRERIS, A. F., The Greek Economy in the Twentieth Century. 1986, London, Croom Helm. - Schuler - The Greek Welfare State now reaps what it has sown. - J.Z., 22.6.10.

FRIEDBERG, MILTON, Fractional & Postal Currency. Encyclopedia of United States, New York 1978. - Albert Pick

FRIEDBERG, ROBERT, Coins of the British World. Complete from 600 A.D. to the Present. New York, 1958. - “An illustrated standard catalogue with valuations of the coinage of The British Isles from 500 A.D.; The British Empire from 1600 A.D. - Lavishly illustrated, this is the first book in the annals of numismatic literature to present in one volume the complete coinage, from its very beginning, of the British Isles (England, Scotland and Ireland) as well as of the entire, global British Empire….” - Every gold coin in the world is catalogued with its numismatic valuation. More than 2,700 illustrations, valuable reference tables, including the weight, fineness and original exchange value of the principal gold coins of the world. 384 pages.” - The Coin and Currency Institute, N.Y. - Schilke & Solomon, America’s Foreign Coins … with Legal Tender Status in the US 1793-1857.

FRIEDBERG, ROBERT, Paper Money of the United States. 8. Aufl., New York 1974. - Albert Pick

FRIEDMAN, DAVID, The Machinery of Freedom: Guide to a Radical Capitalism. (1978) New Rochelle, N.Y., Arlington House. - Dowd

FRIEDMAN, DAVID, Price Theory: First Edition, Chapter 22, Inflation and Unemployment, 19pp, in PEACE PLANS 1711/1712, July 91, p.205. - From the 1st ed. of "Price Theory", chapter 22, which was eliminated in the 2nd ed.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & HELLER, WALTER W., Monetary vs. Fiscal Policy. A Dialogue. W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., New York, 1969, 95pp, including a 5 page glossary - definitions list. - JZL. Monetary vs. Fiscal Policy, www.questia.com - Recent Book Additions, copied: 11.1.04.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & SCHWARTZ, ANNA JACOBSON, A Monetary History of the United States 1867-1960. 1963, fifth ed. 1971. With author & subject index 860pp. New York. Published by Princeton University Press, Princeton A Study by the National Bureau of Economic Research, Studies in Business Cycles, No. 12. - JZL. . - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & SCHWARTZ, ANNA JACOBSON, Has Government Any Role in Money?" JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS 17 (January 1986): 37-62. - “Friedman recently, in an article coauthored with Anna J. Schwartz, has explicitly reconsidered his earlier position on the rationale for government involvement in the monetary and banking system.” - “Concludes that leaving monetary and banking arrangements to the market would have produced a more satisfactory outcome than was achieved by government involvement. Nevertheless unless there is a crisis, no major change will occur.” - White, Competition & Currency. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - Quoted also by Timberlake in connection with private scrip issues. - J.Z. - JZL, photocopy. The article has over one page of bibliography in print. I included some titles from it that were still new to me. - J.Z., 10.6.10.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & SCHWARTZ, ANNA JACOBSON, Monetary Statistics of the United States. New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & SCHWARTZ, ANNA JACOBSON, Monetary Trends in the United States and the United Kingdom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & SCHWARTZ, ANNA JACOBSON, Money and Business Cycles. (1963). The Review of Economics and Statistics, 45 (1), 32-64.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & SCHWARTZ, ANNA JACOBSON, The Definition of Money: Net Wealth and Neutrality as Criteria." JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING 1 (Feb. 1969): 1-14. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON & STIGLER, G., Roofs or Ceilings? The Current Housing Problem." Popular Essays on Current Problems, Vol. 1, No. 2. Irvington-on-Hudson: Foundation for Economic Education, 1946. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, A Monetary and Fiscal Framework for Economic Stability. - "AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 38 (June 1948) No. 3, pp.245-264, - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis. - 1951: In American Economic Association Readings in Monetary Theory. Homewood, Ill.: Richard D. Irwin. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - Also in: Essays in Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1966: 133-156. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, A Program for Monetary Stability. New York: Fordham University Press, The Millar Lectures, Number Three. 1959. 1960, 1965, 1975. 110pp. JZL. - Esp. chap. 4. - “Recently, Friedman has progressed to the advocacy of zero growth in the stock of base money, abolition of the Fed, and thorough deregulation of banking, as "the best real cure" for the instability of the current monetary regime. See idem, "Monetary Policy for the 1980's," in To Promote Prosperity, ed. John H. Moore (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1984), 40-54.” - White, Competition & Currency. (reprinted in 1983). - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, A Theoretical Framework for Monetary Analysis. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, Vol. 78, No. 2, 1970. - Samuel Brittan, in Hobart Paper 90.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, An Economist's Protest. p.126. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Capitalism and Freedom. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1962. 55. - White, Competition & Currency. - Here he is also for an “independent” monetary authority - but not for independence of the subjects of this monetary authority from its despotism! - J.Z., 20.3.10.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Comment. [On McCloskey & Zecher (1984)] In: Michael D. Bordo & Anna J. Schwartz, editors, A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931. 1984. University of Chicago Press, 157-162. - L. H. White.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Commodity Reserve Currency. (1951) JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 59, pp.203-32. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - In: Essays in Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953, 1966: 204-250. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking. - Page “218, endorses the holding of an ultimate reserve for a fractional-reserve banking system. - On the other hand, compare: “Friedman, A Program for Monetary Stability, 44, 100.” - White, Competition & Currency.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Die optimale Geldmenge und andere Essays. Frankfurt/Main, 1976. - Suhr & Godschalk - Who is entitled to determine it, not only for himself - but for others? - J.Z., 27.2.10.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Essays in Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953. - Barry N. Siegel, Money in Crisis.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Financial Futures Markets and Tabular Standards, JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 92, February 1984, pp. 165-167. - Cowen & Kroszner.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Government Revenue from Inflation. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 79 (July -Aug. 1971): 846-856. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Has Government any Role in Money? The Essence of Friedman. Edited by Kurt R. Leube. Stanford, California. Hoover Institution Press. Stanford University. 1987. - Nataf

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Inflation and Unemployment. (1976 Alfred Nobel Memorial Lecture), Inflation and Unemployment: The New Dimension of Politics, 1977, 2nd Impression 1978. IEA, Occasional Paper 51. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 85, (June 1977): 451-472. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Inflation et systèmes monétaires, trad., Calmann-, Lèvy, 1969. - Flamant.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Inflation: Causes and Consequences. Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1963. Reprinted in Milton Friedman, Dollars and Deficits. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Monetary Correction. A proposal for escalator clauses to reduce the costs of ending inflation. IEA, Occasional Paper 41. 1974, 3rd Impression 1978. IEA OCCASIONAL PAPER 41. - '... devoted to setting out, with typical verve and vigour, a case for indexation based on a mixture of arguments from justice and from expediency. Both categories are extremely interesting and thought provoking. ...' - A. B. Cramp, ECONOMIC JOURNAL. - - 'Its first nine pages contain a resume of his always well-reasoned views on how conquest of inflation depends wholly on control of the money supply. ... He then plunges for the rest of his paper into proposals for indexation.' - ECONOMIST. . - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - Also in: "Monetary Correction," Essays on Inflation and Indexation (Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute, 1974) p.43. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflat ion.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Monetary Policy for the 1980s. in To Promote Prosperity: U.S. Domestic Policy in the Mid-1980’s, ed. John H. Moore (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1984), pp.40-54. - White, Competition & Currency.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Monetary Policy in a Fiat World, CONTEMPORARY POLICY ISSUES 4 (January 1986): 1-9. - Steven L. Green, July 86.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Monetary Policy Structures. 1984b. In: Candid Conversations on Monetary Policy. Washington: House Republican Research Committee. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Monetary Policy: Tactics versus Strategy, in Dorn and Schwartz, 1983, 1984, 1987. - Schuler

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Monetary Policy: Theory and Practice. (1983) JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING, 14, pp.98-118. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Money Mischief. Episodes in Monetary History. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers, New York, San Diego, London, 1992, 274pp, with bibliography. - A basic primer and history of money by one of the world's most outstanding economists writing on one of economics1 most easily misunderstood subject. Case studies of misuse of money are combined with theoretical analysis. We are also given Friedman's prognosis for the future of money. - With his usual own mischievous ideas on central banking. He showed so much sense in other spheres and so little in this one. - Hopefully, his son David and his grandson Patri will be more consistent in this respect - or already are. - J.Z. - JZL.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Money. ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, 15th ed. (1974).

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Money: Quantity Theory, International Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. 1968. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Quantity Theory of Money. In The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, vol. 4, edited by John Eatwell, Murray Milgate, and Peter Newman. New York: Stockton Press, and London: Macmillan, 1987.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Should There Be an Independent Authority? in: In Search of a Monetary Constitution, ed. by Leland B.Yeager, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1962: 219-243. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - White, Competition & Currency.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Some Theoretical and Empirical Results. OCCASIONAL PAPER 68, National Bureau of Economic Research Inc. 1959. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Studies in the Quantity Theory of Money. (ed.) (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956) p.163. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Case for a Monetary Rule. in: An Economist's Garden (Glen Ridge, N.J.: Thomas Horton, 1972), 65-67. - White, Competition & Currency. - In An Economist’s Protest. Second edition. Glen Ridge, New Jersey: Thomas Horton and Daughters, 1975: 77-79. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Case for Floating Rates. FINANCIAL TIMES (London), December 18, 1989.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Control of Money. In Capitalism and Freedom, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965: 219-243. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Counter-Revolution in Monetary Theory. First Wincott Memorial Lecture, IEA, OCCASIONAL PAPER 33, 1970, 50p., 3rd Impression 1974, 4th impression 1978. with a foreword by Lord Robbins. - Morgan, E. V. & A. D., Gold or Paper? (False alternatives! - J.Z.)

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Demand For Money: Some Theoretical and Empirical Results. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 67 (Aug. 1959): 327-351. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition. - The demand for money exerted by goods, services and labor - might be a more accurate title, or another suitable term to distinguish it from the monetary demand for goods, services and labor, provided the potential demand of this kind is supplied with exchange media, clearing certificates or equivalent accounts as means of payment. Whoever else but the suppliers of goods, services and labor are also the optimal suppliers for such exchange media? - J.Z., 13.4.10.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Effects of a Full-Employment Policy on Economic Stability: A Formal Analysis. In Essays in Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1966: 117-132. - Pamela Brown, Monetary Reform & Competition.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The monetarist controversy: a seminar discussion. (1977) FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF SAN FRANCISCO ECONOMIC REVIEW Supplement, pp 12-26. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Optimum Quantity of Money. In: The Optimum Quantity of Money and Other Essays. Chicago, ed. by M. F., 1969. - Chicago: Aldine Publishing Co., 1970. - Pamela Brown.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Quantity Theory of Money. A Restatement. in M. Friedman, ed., Studies in the Quantity Theory of Money. Chicago 1956. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - Also in Milton Friedman, “The Optimum Quantity of Money and Other Essays”. Chicago, Aldine Press, 1969. - Bennet T. McCallum.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Resource Cost of an Irredeemable Paper Money. JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY 94 (June 1986): 642-47. - White, Competition & Currency. 7. - DOWD, The State & the Monetary System. - In: PEACE PLANS 642-7. - The resource costs of metallically redeemable paper money is still all too often overlooked. - J.Z., 13.2.10. - I want my share of the government’s hoard of gold, silver, platinum and foreign exchange, which simply express excess taxation, not being, objectively, needed as a cover and redemption fund. However, the “gold-bugs”, at their on expense, should be able to establish their own gold hoards and issue notes upon them. - J.Z., 13.5.10.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, The Role of Monetary Policy. THE AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, Vol. 58, No.1, pp. 1-17, March 1968. - Dowd - Also in: The Optimum Quantity of Money and Other Essays, ed. by M. F. [Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company, 1969], 106). - According to Milton Friedman: "Under any conceivable institutional arrangements, and certainly under those that now prevail in the United States, there is only a limited amount of flexibility in prices and wages. We need to conserve this flexibility to achieve changes in relative prices and wages that are required to adjust to dynamic changes in tastes and technology. We should not dissipate it simply to achieve changes in the absolute level of prices that serve no economic function" - Gerald P. O’Driscoll, Jr., July 86.FRIEDMANN, A., Über Papiergeld und Kerbhölzer der Chinesen, in: NUMISMATISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, Wien, N. F., Bd. 22, S. 69-76.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Unemployment versus Inflation? An evaluation of the Phillips Curve with a British Commentary by David Laidler. 1975, 4th Impression 1981. IEA, OCCASIONAL PAPER 44. - "... what is perhaps the most important economic pamphlet to be published in the UK for several decades." - Samuel Brittan, FINANCIAL TIMES. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, Using Escalators to Help Fight Inflation. FORTUNE, July 1974, p.94. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FRIEDMAN, MILTON, What Price Guideposts? in Shultz, George P. and Aliber, Robert Z., Guidelines, Informal Controls and the Marketplace. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1966. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FRIEDMAN, THOMAS, The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization. New York: Anchor Books (Random House), 2000. - www.reinventingmoney.com - JZL

FRIEDRICH, CARL J., Demokratie als Herrschafts- und Lebensform. In: Studien zur Politik, Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Politische Wissenschaften an der Universität Heidelberg, 1959. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

FRIEDRICH, CARL. J., Die Politische Wissenschaft. Freiburg - München 1961. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank. - Sie ist meist mehr politisch als wissenschaftlich, ökonomisch und von den Menschenrechten motiviert, besonders aber von den Dogmen des Territorialismus, mit seinem Machtstreben. - J.Z., 31.3.10.

FRIEDRICH, KARL J., Rational Decision. In NOMOS JA 37. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies. - CARL J., the long-term friend of Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen?

FRISCH, R., The Infra Effect of Investments, in: Stabile Preise in wachsender Wirtschaft. Tübingen 1960. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

FRITSCH, B., Die Geld und Kredittheorie von Karl Marx. Zürich 1934. - FRANKEL, S. HERBERT, Money: Two Philosophies.

FRITSCH, B., Geschichte und Theorie der amerikanischen Stabilisierungspolitik: 1933-1939/1946-1953. Zürich 1959. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

FRODIN, JOANNA H., The Effects of Federal Pricing on Private Clearing Arrangements for Checks." 1983. Paper presented at the meeting of the Banking and Financial Structure Committee, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, July. - Selgin, The Theory of Free Banking.

FROEHLICH, SIGRID, Extramarkt. Aus: CAPITAL 9/1982. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

FROEHLICH, SIGRID, Tauschhandel: Geschäftsidee. Aus: Capital 10/1983. - From: H.LEMME@top.east.de - (Holger Lemme) Newsgroups: cl.wirtschaft.geld - Subject: Literatur-Liste, Date: 17 Apr 95 - Literatur zum Thema "Gerechtes Geld". (No my definition of it! - J.Z.)

FROMAN, LEWIS A., Bimetallism Reconsidered in the Light of Recent Developments. AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 26 (March 1936): 53-61. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

FROST, JAMES D., The 'Nationalization' of the Bank of Nova Scotia, 1880-1910. 1982, ACADIENSIS, vol. 12, no. 1, Autumn 1982, pp 3-38. - Schuler

FRY, EARL H., Financial Invasion of the U.S.A.: A Threat to American Society? Ph.D., Boise State Univ., 224pp, 1980. - Do the American debtors, who voluntarily accepted such investments, consider this to be an invasion? Scientists should not copy journalistic misconceptions and sensationalism. - J.Z., 27.5.10.

FRY, MAXWELL J. & WILLIAMS, RABURN M., American Money and Banking. 1984.. New York: John Wiley & Sons. - White, Competition & Currency.

FRY, MICHAEL, for free banking, at least in letters, e.g. to T.M., June 29, 1986 & March 02, on Scottish Banking literature, 2pp, in PEACE PLANS 740 & 1745-1748, p.772. - M.F’s address was then: 15 Rothesay Place, Edinburgh, EH3 7SQ, Tel. 031-225 4353. - I wish I had an email address list of all advocates of monetary freedom. At least for their internal information exchanges they should provide themselves with such a list. - J.Z., 15.6.10.

FRYDMAN, ROMAN, O'DRISCOLL, GERALD P. JR., & SCHOTTER, ANDREW, Rational Expectations of Government Policy: An Application of Newcomb's Problem. SOUTHERN ECONOMIC JOURNALS (October 1982): 311-19. - White, Competition & Currency.

FSU-INFORMATIONEN, FÜR KULTUR, WIRTSCHAFT, POLITIK, 19. Jahrgang, Jan. 1966, Nr. 1, Mai 1966, Nr. 5, September 1966, Nr. 9. - Aufsätze der Freisozialen Union. (Gesellianer). - JZL.

FUCHS, CARL JOHANNES, Die Geld- und Bankfrage in den Vereinigten Staaten. In Schmollers Jahrbuch für 1896. - Obst.

FÜHRER, HANS JOACHIM, Erinnerungen. - Blüher et al, Silvio Gesell, 1960.

FUHRIG, JOE, Roots of the Savings and Loan Crisis. Regulation is the problem, not the solution, 1p: in PEACE PLANS 1579/80, p.240. From: THE LIBERTARIAN REPUBLICAN

FULLARTON, JOHN, Die Regelung der Währung. [On the Regulation of Currencies.]. Auszug in: Diehl & Mombert, Vom Gelde. S.90. - It should be up to voluntary issuers and acceptors of exchange media and of capital certificates. Otherwise extensive and frequent mismanagement is almost guaranteed.- J.Z., 25.3.10.

FULLARTON, JOHN, On the Regulation of Currencies - Being an Examination of the Principles on which it is Proposed to Restrict, within certain Limits, the Future Issues on Credit of the Bank of England and of the other Banking Establishments throughout the Country. London, John Murray, 1844, 2nd. ed., 1845, Kelly reprint 1969, 253pp. (For redemption and also for non-cash covered banknotes, accepting good other securities. Favours banking principle. Distinguished Wertumsatzmittel (exchange medium) and Wertaufbewahrungsmittel (Value standard for value storage). PEACE PLANS 794. Marx referred to it and provided a translation: "[Über die Regelung der Umlaufsmittel, eine Untersuchung der Grundsätze, auf Grund deren vorgeschlagen wird, innerhalb bestimmter festgelegter Grenzen die weiteren Emissionen auf Kredit der Bank von England und der anderen Bankinstitute im ganzen Lande zu beschränken.]“ - SMITH, VERA C.

FULLARTON, JOHN, Zur Theorie der Banknotendeckung. In: K. Diehl und P. Mombert: Ausgesuchte Lesestücke zum Studium der politischen Ökonomie, Karlsruhe 1914. - Rittershausen, Die Zentralnotenbank.

FULLER, G. N., Economic and Social Beginnings of Michigan. In "MICHIGAN HISTORICAL PUBLICATIONS, UNIVERSITY SERIES," No.1. - Reginald Charles McGrane, The Panic of 1837, 1924.

FULLER, GEORGE N., Messages of the Governors. (ed.) Lansing: Michigan Historical Commission, 1925-26. - SHADE, G. W. (1972)

FULTON, BETTY F., Price Controls: An Elusive Panacea. Wage-Price Law in ECONOMICS REVIEW, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1977, pp. 41-45 and 47-48. - SCHUETTINGER & BUTLER, 40 Centuries … How not to fight inflation.

FULTON, E. H., See "THE MUTUALIST"

FULTON, EDWARD H., Land, Money & Property. Columbus Junction, Iowa, 1896, Liberty Library Nos. 8, 9. Columbus Junction, Iowa, 1896. - James J. Martin, Men Against the State. - See also under "The Mutualist".

FULTON, JAMES A., The Other Side of the Money Question. Hutchison, PA, 1908. (Meulen books, Goldsmith Collection)

FURBER, E. A., The Coinages of Latin America and the Caribbean. (ed.) Lawrence, Massachusetts: Quarterman Publications, Inc., 1974. - DOTY (1978).

FURBER, H. J., Geschichte ... zur Entwickelung der Ökonomischen Theorien in America. Halle, 1891. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860. - Miller, Harry E., Banking Theories in the US before 1860.

FURLAN, Dr. V., Die Lehre vom wirtschaftlichen Gleichgewicht. - In: Mises & Spiethoff, Probleme der Wertlehre.

FURNESS, WILLIAM HENRY, The Island of Stone Money: Uap and The Carolines. Philadelphia and London: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1910. - Friedman, M., Money Mischief.

FUTURE OF FREEDOM FOUNDATION, FFF, Articles on Monetary Freedom, list only, 5pp, in PEACE PLANS 1745-1748, March 02, p.774 - www.fff.org/ - "The mission is to advance the libertarian philosophy by providing an uncompromising moral and economic case for individual liberty, free markets, private property and limited government." - Christian Michel, 2000. -  (The Best In Free Market and Limited Government Advocacy -- Anthony Gregory)

 


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